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PART NO. 01088SL (Rev. G)
Service Manual
GroundsmasterR 3500- D
Models 30821, 30839 and 30843
Preface
The purpose of this publication is to provide the service
technician with information for troubleshooting, testing,
and repair of major systems and components on the
Groundsmaster 3500- D (Models 30821, 30839 and
30843).
REFER TO THE OPERATOR’S MANUAL FOR OPERATING, MAINTENANCE
AND ADJUSTMENT
INSTRUCTIONS. For reference, insert a copy of the
Operator’s Manual and Parts Catalog for your machine
into Chapter 2 of this service manual. Additional copies
of the Operator’s Manual and Parts Catalog are available on the internet at www.Toro.com.
The Toro Company reserves the right to change product
specifications or this publication without notice.
This safety symbol means DANGER, WARNING,
or CAUTION, PERSONAL SAFETY INSTRUCTION. When you see this symbol, carefully read
the instructions that follow. Failure to obey the
instructions may result in personal injury.
NOTE: A NOTE will give general information about the
correct operation, maintenance, service, testing, or
repair of the machine.
IMPORTANT: The IMPORTANT notice will give important instructions which must be followed to prevent damage to systems or components on the
machine.
E The Toro Company - 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2015
This page is intentionally blank.
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Electrical Schematics and Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 2
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 3
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 4
Electrical System Quick Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 7
Component Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 9
Service and Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 24
2222-
1
1
2
3
Chapter 3 - Kubota Diesel Engine
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 - 2
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 - 3
General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 - 4
Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 - 6
Service and Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 - 8
KUBOTA WORKSHOP MANUAL, DIESEL ENGINE,
05 SERIES
Chapter 4 - Hydraulic System
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service and Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6666-
2
2
3
8
77777-
2
3
4
5
8
Chapter 7 - Cutting Units
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service and Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 8 - Electrical Diagrams
Electrical Schematics and Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . 8 - 3
Electrical
Diagrams
Cutting
Units
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 - 2
General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 - 3
Hydraulic Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 - 9
Hydraulic Flow Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 - 10
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 - 22
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 - 26
Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 - 28
Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 - 54
Service and Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 - 56
ROSS TORQMOTOR TM MG, MF, ME, AND MJ SERIES SERVICE PROCEDURE
EATON MEDIUM DUTY PISTON PUMP REPAIR INFORMATION MODEL 70160 VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT PISTON PUMP
ROSS HYDRAGUIDE TM HYDROSTATIC STEERING
SYSTEM HGF SERIES SERVICE PROCEDURE
SAUER/DANFOSS STEERING UNIT TYPE OSPM
SERVICE MANUAL
Chapter 6 - Wheels, Brakes, and Chassis
Electrical
System
Product Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Equivalents and Conversions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Chapter 2 - Product Records and Maintenance
Product Records
and Maintenance
General Safety Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - 1
Jacking Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - 4
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Chapter 5 - Electrical System
Hydraulic
System
Chapter 1 - Safety
Safety
Table Of Contents
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Rev. G
This page is intentionally blank.
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Safety
Table of Contents
GENERAL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supervisor’s Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Before Operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
While Operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance and Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
JACKING INSTRUCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
1
1
2
3
4
General Safety Instructions
The GROUNDSMASTER 3500--D was tested and certified by TORO for compliance with existing standards
and specifications as identified in the Operator’s Manual. Although hazard control and accident prevention are
dependent partially upon the design and configuration
of the machine, these factors are also dependent upon
the awareness, concern, and proper training of the personnel involved in the operation, transport, maintenance, and storage of the machine. Improper use or
maintenance by the operator or owner of the machine
can result in injury. To reduce the potential for any injury,
comply with the following safety instructions.
WARNING
To reduce the potential for injury or death, comply with the following safety instructions.
Supervisor’s Responsibilities
1. Make sure operators are thoroughly trained and familiar with the Operator’s Manual, Operator’s Video,
and all the operating and safety decals on the machine.
2. Be sure to establish your own special procedures
and work rules for unusual operating conditions (e.g.
slopes too steep for machine operation). Survey mowing site completely to determine which hills can be
operated on safely. When performing this site survey,
always use common sense and take into consideration
the turf condition and the rollover risk. To determine
which hills or slopes may be safely operated on, use the
inclinometer provided with each machine. To perform a
site survey, lay a 4 foot long, 2 by 4 inch piece of wood
on the slope surface and measure the angle of the slope.
The piece of wood will average the slope but will not take
into consideration dips or holes. THE MAXIMUM SIDE
HILL ANGLE SHOULD NOT BE GREATER THAN 25
DEGREES.
Before Operating
1. Operate machine only after reading and understanding the contents of the Operator’s Manual and viewing
the Operator’s Video. Copies of the Operator’s Manual
are available on the internet at www.Toro.com.
2. Only trained operators who are skilled in slope operation and who have read the Operator’s Manual and
viewed the Operator’s Video should operate the ma-
Groundsmaster 3500--D
chine. Never allow children to operate the machine or
adults to operate it without proper instructions.
3. Become familiar with the controls and know how to
stop the machine and engine quickly.
4. Do not carry passengers on the machine. Keep everyone, especially children and pets, away from the
areas of operation.
Page 1 -- 1 Rev. F
Safety
Safety
Chapter 1
5. Keep all shields, safety devices, and decals in place.
Repair or replace damaged, malfunctioning, or illegible
shields, safety devices, or decals before operating the
machine.
6. Always wear substantial shoes. Do not operate machine while wearing sandals, tennis shoes or sneakers.
Do not wear loose fitting clothing because it could get
caught in moving parts and possibly cause personal injury.
7. Wearing safety glasses, safety shoes, long pants
and a helmet is advisable and required by some local ordinances and insurance regulations.
9. Fill fuel tank with diesel fuel before starting engine.
Avoid spilling any fuel. Since fuel is highly flammable,
handle it carefully.
A. Use an approved fuel container.
B. Do not remove cap from fuel tank when engine is
hot or running.
C. Do not smoke while handling diesel fuel.
D. Fill fuel tank outdoors and not over one inch from
the top of the tank (bottom of the filler neck). Do not
overfill.
8. Make sure the work area is clear of objects which
might be picked up and thrown by the blades.
While Operating
1. Always wear your seatbelt.
2. Do not run the engine in a confined area without adequate ventilation. Exhaust fumes are hazardous and
could be deadly.
3. Sit on the seat when starting and operating the machine.
4. Check interlock switches daily for proper operation
(see Chapter 5 -- Electrical System). Do not rely entirely
on safety switches: shut off engine before getting off
seat. If a switch fails, replace it before operating the machine. The interlock system is for your protection, so do
not bypass it.
5. Operator must be skilled and trained in how to drive
on hillsides. Failure to use caution on slopes or hills may
cause vehicle to tip or roll, possibly resulting in personal
injury or death.
6. This triplex mower has a unique drive system for superior traction on hills. The uphill wheel will not spin out
and limit traction like conventional triplexes. If operated
on a side hill that is too steep, rollover may occur before
losing traction.
7. Before backing up, look to the rear and assure no
one is behind the machine. Watch out for traffic when
near or crossing roads. Always yield the right of way.
8. Keep hands, feet and clothing away from moving
parts and the deck discharge area.
9. The slope angle at which the machine will tip is dependent on many factors. Among these are mowing
conditions such as wet or undulating turf, speed (especially in turns), position of the cutting units, tire pressure,
and operator experience. At side hill slope angles of 20
degrees or less the risk of a rollover is low. As the slope
Safety
Page 1
angle increases to a Toro recommended maximum limit
of 25 degrees, the risk of a rollover increases to a moderate level. DO NOT EXCEED A 25 DEGREE SIDE HILL
ANGLE BECAUSE THE RISK OF A ROLLOVER AND
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH IS VERY HIGH. The
Groundsmaster 3500--D is equipped with an angle indicator, mounted on the steering tube, which indicates the
side hill angle the machine is operating on and identifies
the recommended maximum limit of 25 degrees.
Stay alert for holes in terrain and other hidden hazards
which can cause a sudden change in side hill angle. Use
extreme caution when operating close to sand traps,
ditches, creeks, steep hillsides, or other hazards. Reduce speed when making sharp turns. Do not turn on
hills. Avoid sudden stops and starts. Use reverse pedal
for braking. Cutting units must be lowered when going
down slopes for steering control.
10.When starting the engine:
A. Engage parking brake.
B. Be sure traction pedal is in neutral and blade drive
is in disengage position.
C. After engine starts, release parking brake and
keep foot off traction pedal. Machine must not move.
If movement is evident, the neutral control linkage is
incorrectly adjusted: therefore, shut engine off and
adjust until machine does not move when traction
pedal is released (see Adjust Traction Drive for Neutral in the Adjustments section of Chapter 4 -- Hydraulic System).
11. This product may exceed noise levels of 85 dB(A) at
the operator position. Ear protectors are recommended
for prolonged exposure to reduce the potential of permanent hearing damage.
-- 2 Rev. F
Groundsmaster 3500--D
13.Do not touch engine, muffler, exhaust pipe or hydraulic tank while engine is running or soon after it has
stopped because these areas could be hot enough to
cause burns.
14.If a cutting unit strikes a solid object or vibrates abnormally, stop immediately. Turn engine off, wait for all
motion to stop and inspect for damage.
15.Before getting off the seat:
A. Move traction pedal to neutral.
Safety
12.Raise the cutting units when driving from one work
area to another.
B. Set the parking brake.
C. Disengage the cutting units and wait for the
blades to stop spinning.
D. Stop the engine and remove key from the ignition
switch.
16.Whenever machine is left unattended, make sure
key is removed from ignition switch and parking brake
is set.
Maintenance and Service
1. Before servicing or making adjustments to the machine, stop the engine and remove key from switch to
prevent accidental starting of the engine.
2. Check performance of all interlock switches daily. Do
not defeat interlock system. It is for your protection.
3. To ensure entire machine is in good operating condition, frequently check and keep all nuts, bolts, screws
and hydraulic fittings tight.
4. Make sure all hydraulic line connectors are tight, and
all hydraulic hoses and lines are in good condition before applying pressure to the system.
5. Keep body and hands away from pin hole leaks or
nozzles that eject hydraulic fluid under high pressure.
Use paper or cardboard, not hands, to search for leaks.
Hydraulic fluid escaping under pressure can have sufficient force to penetrate skin and do serious damage. lf
fluid is injected into the skin it must be surgically removed within a few hours by a doctor familiar with this
form of injury or gangrene may result.
6. Before disconnecting or performing any work on the
hydraulic system, all pressure in system must be relieved by stopping engine and lowering cutting units to
the ground.
Groundsmaster 3500--D
7. If major repairs are ever needed, or if assistance is
desired, contact an Authorized Toro Distributor.
8. To reduce potential fire hazard, keep the engine area
free of excessive grease, grass, leaves and accumulation of dirt.
9. If the engine must be running to perform a maintenance adjustment, keep hands, feet, clothing, and any
other parts of the body away from the cutting units and
any moving parts. Keep everyone away.
10.Do not overspeed the engine by changing governor
settings. To assure safety and accuracy, have an Authorized Toro Distributor check maximum engine speed
with a tachometer.
11. Engine must be shut off before checking oil or adding
oil to the crankcase.
12.To insure optimum performance and safety, use genuine TORO replacement parts and accessories. Replacement parts and accessories made by other
manufacturers could be dangerous, and such use could
void the product warranty of The Toro Company.
Page 1 -- 3 Rev. F
Safety
Jacking Instructions
CAUTION
1
When changing attachments, tires, or performing
other service, use correct blocks, hoists, and
jacks. Make sure machine is parked on a solid level floor such as a concrete floor. Prior to raising
machine, remove any attachments that may interfere with the safe and proper raising of the machine. Always chock or block wheels. Use jack
stands or solid wood blocks to support the raised
machine. If the machine is not properly supported by blocks or jack stands, the machine may
move or fall, which may result in personal injury.
2
1. Square tube
Figure 1
2. Side plate
Use the following positions when jacking up the machine:
Jacking the Front End
2
1. If the front wheel motor is to be removed, position
jack securely under the square tube of the lower frame
as closely to the side plate as possible (Fig. 1).
2. If the front tire is to be removed, position the jack securely under the front wheel motor.
1
3. Use jack stands or hardwood blocks under the
square tube or wheel motors to support the machine.
Figure 2
Jacking the Rear End
1. Rear tire
2. Rear casting
1. The preferred method for removing the rear fork, the
rear wheel, or the rear wheel motor is to lift the rear end
of the machine from above:
A. Secure a chain fall or hoist to the rear casting (Fig
2).
3
B. Chock both front tires. Lift rear tire off the ground.
1
C. Use jack stands or hardwood blocks under the
frame to support the machine (Fig. 3).
2
2. If the rear of the machine cannot be lifted from above:
A. Chock both front tires.
IMPORTANT: Make sure jack is as close to the rear
fork as possible when jacking the rear wheel.
Figure 3
1. Frame
2. Rear wheel motor
3. Rear fork
B. Place jack securely under the rear wheel motor
as close to the fork as possible (Fig. 3). Jack rear tire
off the ground.
C. Use jack stands or blocks under the frame to support the machine.
Safety
Page 1 -- 4
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Product Records and Maintenance
Kubota
Diesel Engine
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
4
5
6
6
Hydraulic
Systems
PRODUCT RECORDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EQUIVALENTS AND CONVERSIONS . . . . . . . . . . .
Decimal and Millimeter Equivalents . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. to Metric Conversions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fastener Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using a Torque Wrench with an Offset Wrench . .
Standard Torque (Inch Series) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard Torque (Metric Fasteners) . . . . . . . . . . .
Other Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conversion Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Product Records
and Maintenance
Table of Contents
Product Records
Electrical
System
Insert a copy of the Operator’s Manual and Parts Catalog for your Groundsmaster 3500- D at the end of this
chapter. Additionally, if any optional equipment or accessories have been installed to your Groundsmaster,
insert the Installation Instructions, Operator’s Manuals
and Parts Catalogs for those options at the end of this
chapter.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Maintenance
Maintenance procedures and recommended service intervals for the Groundsmaster 3500- D are covered in
the Operator’s Manual. Refer to that publication when
performing regular equipment maintenance.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Safety
Chapter 2
Page 2 - 1
Rev. G
Product Records and Maintenance
Equivalents and Conversions
0.09375
Product Records and Maintenance
Page 2 -- 2
Rev. E
Groundsmaster 3500--D
The standard method of verifying torque shall be performed by marking a line on the fastener (head or nut)
and mating part, then back off fastener 1/4 of a turn.
Measure the torque required to tighten the fastener until
the lines match up.
Product Records
and Maintenance
These Torque Specifications for the installation and
tightening of fasteners shall apply to all fasteners which
do not have a specific requirement identified in this Service Manual. The following factors shall be considered
when applying torque: cleanliness of the fastener, use
of a thread sealant (Loctite), degree of lubrication on the
fastener, presence of a prevailing torque feature, hardness of the surface underneath the fastener’s head, or
similar condition which affects the installation.
As noted in the following tables, torque values should be
reduced by 25% for lubricated fasteners to achieve
the similar stress as a dry fastener. Torque values may
also have to be reduced when the fastener is threaded
into aluminum or brass. The specific torque value
should be determined based on the aluminum or brass
material strength, fastener size, length of thread engagement, etc.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Recommended fastener torque values are listed in the
following tables. For critical applications, as determined
by Toro, either the recommended torque or a torque that
is unique to the application is clearly identified and specified in this Service Manual.
Safety
Torque Specifications
Grade 5
Grade 8
Class 8.8
Class 10.9
Metric Bolts and Screws
Inch Series Bolts and Screws
Using a Torque Wrench with an Offset Wrench
Use of an offset wrench (e.g. crowfoot wrench) will affect
torque wrench calibration due to the effective change of
torque wrench length. When using a torque wrench with
an offset wrench, multiply the listed torque recommendation by the calculated torque conversion factor (Fig.
4) to determine proper tightening torque. Tightening
torque when using a torque wrench with an offset
wrench will be lower than the listed torque recommendation.
If the listed torque recommendation for a fastener is
from 76 to 94 ft- lb, the proper torque when using this
torque wrench with an offset wrench would be from 72
to 89 ft- lb.
Offset wrench
Example: The measured effective length of the torque
wrench (distance from the center of the handle to the
center of the square drive) is 18”.
The measured effective length of the torque wrench with
the offset wrench installed (distance from the center of
the handle to the center of the offset wrench) is 19”.
The calculated torque conversion factor for this torque
wrench with this offset wrench would be 18 / 19 = 0.947.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 2 - 3
Rev. G
(effective length of
torque wrench)
A
Torque wrench
B
(effective length of torque
wrench + offset wrench)
TORQUE CONVERSION FACTOR = A / B
Figure 4
Product Records and Maintenance
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Grade 1
Electrical
System
Hydraulic
Systems
Fastener Identification
Standard Torque for Dry, Zinc Plated, and Steel Fasteners (Inch Series)
Thread Size
# 6 -- 32 UNC
Grade 1, 5, &
8 with Thin
Height Nuts
SAE Grade 1 Bolts, Screws, Studs, &
Sems with Regular Height Nuts
(SAE J995 Grade 2 or Stronger Nuts)
in--lb
in--lb
N--cm
10 + 2
13 + 2
147 + 23
# 6 -- 40 UNF
# 8 -- 32 UNC
13 + 2
25 + 5
282 + 30
# 8 -- 36 UNF
# 10 -- 24 UNC
18 + 2
30 + 5
339 + 56
# 10 -- 32 UNF
SAE Grade 5 Bolts, Screws, Studs, &
Sems with Regular Height Nuts
(SAE J995 Grade 2 or Stronger Nuts)
SAE Grade 8 Bolts, Screws, Studs, &
Sems with Regular Height Nuts
(SAE J995 Grade 5 or Stronger Nuts)
in--lb
N--cm
in--lb
N--cm
15 + 2
170 + 20
23 + 2
260 + 20
17 + 2
190 + 20
25 + 2
280 + 20
29 + 3
330 + 30
41 + 4
460 + 45
31 + 3
350 + 30
43 + 4
485 + 45
42 + 4
475 + 45
60 + 6
675 + 70
48 + 4
540 + 45
68 + 6
765 + 70
1/4 -- 20 UNC
48 + 7
53 + 7
599 + 79
100 + 10
1125 + 100
140 + 15
1580 + 170
1/4 -- 28 UNF
53 + 7
65 + 10
734 + 113
115 + 10
1300 + 100
160 + 15
1800 + 170
5/16 -- 18 UNC
115 + 15
105 + 17
1186 + 169
200 + 25
2250 + 280
300 + 30
3390 + 340
5/16 -- 24 UNF
138 + 17
128 + 17
1446 + 192
225 + 25
2540 + 280
325 + 30
3670 + 340
ft--lb
ft--lb
N--m
ft--lb
N--m
ft--lb
N--m
3/8 -- 16 UNC
16 + 2
16 + 2
22 + 3
30 + 3
41 + 4
43 + 4
58 + 5
3/8 -- 24 UNF
17 + 2
18 + 2
24 + 3
35 + 3
47 + 4
50 + 4
68 + 5
7/16 -- 14 UNC
27 + 3
27 + 3
37 + 4
50 + 5
68 + 7
70 + 7
95 + 9
7/16 -- 20 UNF
29 + 3
29 + 3
39 + 4
55 + 5
75 + 7
77 + 7
104 + 9
1/2 -- 13 UNC
30 + 3
48 + 7
65 + 9
75 + 8
102 + 11
105 + 10
142 + 14
1/2 -- 20 UNF
32 + 3
53 + 7
72 + 9
85 + 8
115 + 11
120 + 10
163 + 14
5/8 -- 11 UNC
65 + 10
88 + 12
119 + 16
150 + 15
203 + 20
210 + 20
285 + 27
5/8 -- 18 UNF
75 + 10
95 + 15
129 + 20
170 + 15
230 + 20
240 + 20
325 + 27
3/4 -- 10 UNC
93 + 12
140 + 20
190 + 27
265 + 25
359 + 34
375 + 35
508 + 47
3/4 -- 16 UNF
115 + 15
165 + 25
224 + 34
300 + 25
407 + 34
420 + 35
569 + 47
7/8 -- 9 UNC
140 + 20
225 + 25
305 + 34
430 + 45
583 + 61
600 + 60
813 + 81
7/8 -- 14 UNF
155 + 25
260 + 30
353 + 41
475 + 45
644 + 61
660 + 60
895 + 81
Note: Reduce torque values listed in the table above
by 25% for lubricated fasteners. Lubricated fasteners
are defined as threads coated with a lubricant such as
oil, graphite, or thread sealant such as Loctite.
Note: Torque values may have to be reduced when
installing fasteners into threaded aluminum or brass.
The specific torque value should be determined based
Product Records and Maintenance
on the fastener size, the aluminum or base material
strength, length of thread engagement, etc.
Note: The nominal torque values listed above for
Grade 5 and 8 fasteners are based on 75% of the minimum proof load specified in SAE J429. The tolerance is
approximately + 10% of the nominal torque value. Thin
height nuts include jam nuts.
Page 2 -- 4
Groundsmaster 3500--D
M5 X 0.8
57 + 5 in--lb
640 + 60 N--cm
78 + 7 in--lb
885 + 80 N--cm
M6 X 1.0
96 + 9 in--lb
1018 + 100 N--cm
133 + 13 in--lb
1500 + 150 N--cm
M8 X 1.25
19 + 2 ft--lb
26 + 3 N--m
27 + 2 ft--lb
36 + 3 N--m
M10 X 1.5
38 + 4 ft--lb
52 + 5 N--m
53 + 5 ft--lb
72 + 7 N--m
M12 X 1.75
66 + 7 ft--lb
90 + 10 N--m
92 + 9 ft--lb
125 + 12 N--m
M16 X 2.0
166 + 15 ft--lb
225 + 20 N--m
229 + 22 ft--lb
310 + 30 N--m
M20 X 2.5
325 + 33 ft--lb
440 + 45 N--m
450 + 37 ft--lb
610 + 50 N--m
Note: Reduce torque values listed in the table above
by 25% for lubricated fasteners. Lubricated fasteners
are defined as threads coated with a lubricant such as
oil, graphite, or thread sealant such as Loctite.
Note: The nominal torque values listed above are
based on 75% of the minimum proof load specified in
SAE J1199. The tolerance is approximately + 10% of the
nominal torque value.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
Note: Torque values may have to be reduced when
installing fasteners into threaded aluminum or brass.
The specific torque value should be determined based
on the fastener size, the aluminum or base material
strength, length of thread engagement, etc.
Product Records
and Maintenance
Class 10.9 Bolts, Screws, and Studs with
Regular Height Nuts
(Class 10 or Stronger Nuts)
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Class 8.8 Bolts, Screws, and Studs with
Regular Height Nuts
(Class 8 or Stronger Nuts)
Hydraulic
Systems
Thread Size
Safety
Standard Torque for Dry, Zinc Plated, and Steel Fasteners (Metric Fasteners)
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 2 -- 5
Product Records and Maintenance
Other Torque Specifications
SAE Grade 8 Steel Set Screws
Wheel Bolts and Lug Nuts
Recommended Torque
Thread Size
Thread Size
Square Head
Hex Socket
1/4 -- 20 UNC
140 + 20 in--lb
73 + 12 in--lb
5/16 -- 18 UNC
215 + 35 in--lb
145 + 20 in--lb
3/8 -- 16 UNC
35 + 10 ft--lb
18 + 3 ft--lb
1/2 -- 13 UNC
75 + 15 ft--lb
50 + 10 ft--lb
Recommended Torque*
7/16 -- 20 UNF
Grade 5
65 + 10 ft--lb
88 + 14 N--m
1/2 -- 20 UNF
Grade 5
80 + 10 ft--lb
108 + 14 N--m
M12 X 1.25
Class 8.8
80 + 10 ft--lb
108 + 14 N--m
M12 X 1.5
Class 8.8
80 + 10 ft--lb
108 + 14 N--m
* For steel wheels and non--lubricated fasteners.
Thread Cutting Screws
(Zinc Plated Steel)
Type 1, Type 23, or Type F
Thread Size
Baseline Torque*
No. 6 -- 32 UNC
20 + 5 in--lb
No. 8 -- 32 UNC
Thread Cutting Screws
(Zinc Plated Steel)
Thread
Size
Threads per Inch
Baseline Torque**
Type A
Type B
No. 6
18
20
20 + 5 in--lb
30 + 5 in--lb
No. 8
15
18
30 + 5 in--lb
No. 10 -- 24 UNC
38 + 7 in--lb
No. 10
12
16
38 + 7 in--lb
1/4 -- 20 UNC
85 + 15 in--lb
No. 12
11
14
85 + 15 in--lb
5/16 -- 18 UNC
110 + 20 in--lb
3/8 -- 16 UNC
200 + 100 in--lb
** Hole size, material strength, material thickness & finish must be considered when determining specific
torque values. All torque values are based on non--lubricated fasteners.
Conversion Factors
in--lb X 11.2985 = N--cm
ft--lb X 1.3558 = N--m
Product Records and Maintenance
N--cm X 0.08851 = in--lb
N--m X 0.7376 = ft--lb
Page 2 -- 6
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Lubrication
Safety
Traction Unit
Product Records
and Maintenance
CAUTION
Before servicing or making adjustments to the
machine, stop engine, lower cutting units, set
parking brake, and remove key from the ignition
switch.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Hydraulic
Systems
Figure 2
Electrical
System
The traction unit bearings and bushings that must be lubricated are: Rear cutting unit pivot (Fig. NO TAG),
Front cutting unit pivot (Fig. 2), Sidewinder cylinder ends
(qty. 2) (Fig. 3), Steering pivot (Fig. 4), Rear lift arm pivot
and lift cylinder (qty. 2) (Fig. 5), Left front lift arm pivot
and lift cylinder (qty. 2) (Fig. 6), Right front lift arm pivot
and lift cylinder (qty. 2) (Fig. 7), Neutral adjust mechanism (Fig. 8), Mow/Transport slide (Fig. 9), Belt tension
pivot (Fig. 10), and Steering cylinder (Fig. 11).
Figure 1
Note: If desired, an additional grease fitting may be
installed in other end of steering cylinder. Tire must be
removed, plug removed, fitting installed, greased, fitting
removed and plug reinstalled (Fig. 12).
2
IMPORTANT: Do not lubricate Sidewinder cross
tube: bearing blocks are self lubricated.
IMPORTANT: Lubricate bearings and bushings immediately after washing. This helps to purge water
out of bearings and increases bearing life.
1. Wipe each grease fitting with a clean rag.
Figure 3
IMPORTANT: Do not apply too much pressure or
grease seals will be permanently damaged.
2. Apply grease until pressure is felt against handle.
3. Wipe excess grease away.
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 2 -- 7
Product Records and Maintenance
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
The traction unit has grease fittings that must be lubricated regularly with No. 2 General Purpose Lithium
Base Grease. If machine is operated under normal
conditions, lubricate bearings and bushings after every
50 hours of operation. Bearings and bushings must be
lubricated daily when operating conditions are extremely dusty and dirty. Dusty and dirty operating conditions
could cause dirt to get into the bearings and bushings,
resulting in accelerated wear. Lubricate bearings and
bushings immediately after every washing, regardless
of the interval listed.
Figure 7
Figure 4
2
Figure 8
Figure 5
Figure 9
Figure 6
Product Records and Maintenance
Page 2 -- 8
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
Hydraulic
Systems
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Figure 10
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 2 -- 9
Product Records and Maintenance
Product Records
and Maintenance
Figure 12 (See note)
Figure 11
Safety
Cutting Units
Each cutting unit has two grease fittings per blade
spindle. Either fitting can be used for greasing, which
ever is more accessible. Under normal conditions, lubricate spindle bearings with No. 2 General Purpose Lithium Base Grease or Molybdenum base grease, after
every 50 hours of operation.
IMPORTANT: Lubricate cutting units immediately
after washing. This helps to purge water out of bearings and increases bearing life.
1. Wipe grease fitting with a clean rag.
IMPORTANT: Do not apply too much pressure or
grease seals will be permanently damaged.
Figure 13
2. Apply grease until a small amount appears at bottom
of spindle housing (under deck).
3. Wipe excess grease away.
Product Records and Maintenance
Page 2 -- 10
Groundsmaster 3500--D
1. Clean traction unit, cutting units, and the engine thoroughly.
1. Drain engine oil from the oil pan and replace the drain
plug.
2. Check tire pressure. Inflate all tires to 14 to 18 psi
(0.97 to 1.24 Bar).
2. Remove and discard oil filter. Install new oil filter.
6. Lightly sand and use touch--up paint on painted
areas that are scratched, chipped, or rusted. Repair any
dents in the metal body.
7. Service battery and cables as follows:
A. Remove battery terminals from the battery posts
(see Battery Service in Chapter 5 -- Electrical System).
B. Clean battery, terminals, and posts with a wire
brush and baking soda solution.
C. Coat cable terminals and battery posts with Grafo
112X skin--over grease (Toro Part No. 505-47) or petroleum jelly to prevent corrosion.
D. Every 30 days, check battery electrolyte levels
and fill battery as necessary (see Battery Care in
Chapter 5 -- Electrical System).
5. Stop engine.
6. Drain all fuel thoroughly from the fuel tank, fuel lines,
and water/fuel separator (see Water/Fuel Separator
and Fuel System in Chapter 3 -- Kubota Diesel Engine).
7. Flush the fuel tank with fresh, clean diesel fuel (see
Fuel System in Chapter 3 -- Kubota Diesel Engine).
8. Re--secure all fuel system fittings.
9. Clean and service the air cleaner assembly (see Service Air Filter, Dust Cup, and Burp Valve in Chapter 3 -Kubota Diesel Engine).
10.Seal air cleaner inlet and the exhaust outlet with
weatherproof tape.
11. Check anti--freeze protection and add as needed for
expected minimum temperature in your area (see
Check Cooling System in Chapter 3 -- Kubota Diesel Engine).
E. Every 60 days, recharge battery slowly for 24
hours to prevent sulfate from forming on the battery
plates (see manufacturer’s instructions for battery
charger).
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 2 -- 11
Product Records and Maintenance
Hydraulic
Systems
5. Cover entire length of the Sidewinder cross tube with
a light oil to prevent rust. After storage, wipe off all oil.
4. Start engine and run at idle speed for approximately
two minutes.
Electrical
System
4. Lubricate all grease fittings and pivot points (see Lubrication).
3. Refill oil pan with approximately 4.0 quarts (3.8 l) of
SAE10W-30 motor oil.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
3. Check all fasteners for looseness; tighten as necessary.
Product Records
and Maintenance
Traction Unit Engine
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Traction Unit
Safety
Preparation for Seasonal Storage
This page is intentionally blank.
Product Records and Maintenance
Page 2 -- 12
Rev. E
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Kubota Diesel Engine
Product Records
Table of Contents
Safety
Chapter 3
Wheels, Brakes,
Electrical
Hydraulic
Kubota
Diesel Engine
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Operator’s Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Kubota Workshop Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
ADJUSTMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Adjust Throttle Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
SERVICE AND REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Replace Traction Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Bleed Fuel System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Bleed Air from Fuel Injectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Muffler and Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Fuel System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Radiator (Serial Number Below 313999999) . . . 12
Radiator and Oil Cooler Assembly (Serial
Number Above 314000000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
KUBOTA WORKSHOP MANUAL, DIESEL ENGINE,
05 SERIES
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 3 - 1
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Introduction
This Chapter gives information about specifications,
maintenance, troubleshooting, testing, and repair of the
diesel engine used in the Groundsmaster 3500- D.
test equipment and the specialized nature of some repairs may dictate that the work be done at an engine repair facility.
Most repairs and adjustments require tools which are
commonly available in many service shops. Special
tools are described in the Kubota Workshop Manual,
Diesel Engine, 05 Series. The use of some specialized
test equipment is explained. However, the cost of the
Service and repair parts for Kubota engines are supplied through your Authorized Toro Distributor. If no
parts list is available, be prepared to provide your distributor with the Toro model and serial number.
Operator’s Manual
The Traction Unit Operator’s Manual provides information regarding the operation, general maintenance and
maintenance intervals for the Kubota diesel engine that
powers your Groundsmaster 3500- D. Refer to this publication for additional information when servicing the
machine.
Kubota Workshop Manual
The engine that powers your Groundsmaster machine
is a Kubota model D1105. The Kubota Workshop Manual is available for these engines. Make sure that the correct engine manual is used when servicing the engine
on your Groundsmaster 3500- D.
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Page 3 - 2
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Item
Description
Kubota D1105, 4- Cycle, 3 Cylinder,
Liquid Cooled, Diesel Engine
Bore mm (in.)
78.0 (3.07)
Stroke mm (in.)
78.4 (3.09)
Total Displacement cc (cu. in.)
1123 (68.53)
1- 2- 3
Combustion Chamber
Spherical Type
Fuel
No. 2 Diesel Fuel (ASTM D975)
Fuel Capacity liters (gallons)
41.7 (11)
Governor
Centrifugal Mechanical
Low Idle (no load)
1400 + 50 RPM
High Idle (no load)
3050 + 50 RPM
Direction of Rotation
Counterclockwise (Viewed from Flywheel)
Injection Nozzles
Mini Nozzle (DNOPD)
See Traction Unit Operator’s Manual for viscosity and
API classification recommendations
Oil Pump
Gear Driven Trochoid Type
Crankcase Oil Capacity liters (U.S. qt.)
3.8 (4.0) with Filter
Starter
12 VDC, 1.4 KW
Alternator/Regulator
12 VDC, 40 AMP
Dry Weight kilograms (U.S. lbs)
98.0 (215.0)
Coolant Capacity liters (U.S. qt.)
Groundsmaster 3500- D
5.7 (6.0) with 0.9 (1.0) Reservoir
Page 3 - 3
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Wheels, Brakes,
Engine Oil
Hydraulic
Bosch MD Type Mini Pump
Electrical
Fuel Injection Pump
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Firing Order
Product Records
Make / Designation
Safety
Specifications
Adjustments
Adjust Throttle Cable
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch. Unlatch and raise hood.
1
2. Position throttle control lever all the way to the SLOW
position so it stops against the control panel slot (Fig. 5).
4
3
3. Loosen cap screw securing the throttle cable to the
swivel enough to loosen the cable (Fig. 6).
4. Hold speed control lever on the injection pump
against the low idle stop. Tighten cable to the swivel with
cap screw (Fig. 6).
5. Loosen screws securing throttle control lever to the
control panel (Fig. 5).
2
Figure 6
1. Throttle cable
2. Swivel
3. Speed control lever
4. Low idle stop
6. Push throttle control lever all the way to the FAST
position. Slide stop plate until it contacts throttle control
lever, and tighten screws securing throttle control to
control panel (Fig. 5).
2
Note: Attach spring scale where the throttle cable is
attached to the control lever (Fig. 7).
4
3
7. If throttle control lever does not stay in position during
operation, torque lock nut and cap screw used to tighten
the friction disc from 40 to 55 in- lb (4.5 to 6.2 N- m). The
force required to operate the throttle control lever should
be 20 lb (89 N). Torque fasteners as necessary (Fig. 7).
5
8. Close and secure hood.
1
3
1
6
2
Figure 5
1. Throttle control lever
2. Screws
3. Stop plate
Figure 7
1. Throttle control lever
2. Lock nut
3. Cap screw
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Page 3 - 4
4. Friction disc
5. Spring scale
6. Throttle cable
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Service and Repairs
Safety
Replace Traction Belt
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch. Unlatch and raise hood.
3
4
5
6
CAUTION
Be careful when removing or applying tension
from or to the torsion spring of the idler pulley.
The spring is under heavy load and may cause
personal injury.
Figure 8
1. Torsion spring
2. Idler pulley
3. Pump mounting plate
4. Drive belt
5. Flywheel pulley
6. Hydrostat pulley
Hydraulic
3. Push down and forward on the spring end to unhook
the spring from the pump mounting plate.
2
Kubota
Diesel Engine
2. Insert nut driver or small piece of pipe onto the end
of the torsion spring of the idler pulley.
Product Records
1
4. Remove drive belt from the engine flywheel and hydrostat pulleys.
5. Install replacement drive belt onto the engine flywheel and hydrostat pulleys.
Electrical
6. Insert nut driver or small piece of pipe onto the end
of the torsion spring of the idler pulley.
Wheels, Brakes,
7. Push down and back on the spring end to get the
spring under the pump mounting plate notch. Then release the spring slowly to lock it into place.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 3 - 5
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Bleed Fuel System
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, and engage parking brake.
2. Make sure fuel tank is at least half full. Unlatch and
raise hood.
2
DANGER
Because diesel fuel is highly flammable, use caution when storing or handling it. Do not smoke
while filling the fuel tank. Do not fill fuel tank
while engine is running or hot, or when machine
is in an enclosed area. Always fill fuel tank outside and wipe up any spilled diesel fuel before
starting the engine. Store fuel in a clean, safetyapproved container and keep cap in place. Use
diesel fuel for the engine only; not for any other
purpose.
1
Figure 9
1. Air bleed screw
2. Injection pump
3. Open air bleed screw on the fuel injection pump.
IMPORTANT: The engine should normally start after the bleeding procedures are followed. However,
if the engine does not start, air may be trapped between injection pump and injectors (see Bleed Air
from Fuel Injectors).
4. Turn ignition key switch to the ON position. The electric fuel pump will begin operation and force air out
around the air bleed screw. Leave key in the ON position
until a solid stream of fuel flows out around the air bleed
screw. Tighten screw and turn key to OFF.
5. Clean up any spilled fuel.
6. Close and secure hood.
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Page 3 - 6
Groundsmaster 3500- D
IMPORTANT: This procedure should be used only if
the fuel system has been purged of air through normal priming procedures (see Bleed Fuel System)
and engine will not start.
1
3
2
Product Records
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, and engage parking brake. Unlatch and
raise hood.
Safety
Bleed Air from Fuel Injectors
DANGER
3. #3 injector nozzle
Hydraulic
Because diesel fuel is highly flammable, use caution when storing or handling it. Do not smoke
while filling the fuel tank. Do not fill fuel tank
while engine is running, hot, or when machine is
in an enclosed area. Always fill fuel tank outside
and wipe up any spilled diesel fuel before starting the engine. Store fuel in a clean, safety- approved container and keep cap in place. Use diesel fuel for the engine only; not for any other purpose.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Figure 10
1. #1 injector nozzle
2. #2 nozzle (behind hose)
2. Loosen pipe connection to the No. 1 injector nozzle
and holder assembly.
Electrical
3. Move throttle to FAST position.
Wheels, Brakes,
4. Turn ignition switch to START and watch for fuel flow
around connector. Turn key to OFF when solid flow is
observed. Tighten pipe connector securely to the injector nozzle.
5. Repeat steps on the remaining injector nozzles.
Clean up any spilled fuel.
6. Close and secure hood.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 3 - 7
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Muffler and Air Cleaner
19
RIGHT
8
FRONT
19
2
1
21
4
10
7
19
20
9
11
12
18
22
14
5
6
23
13
24
3
17
16
15
3
Figure 11
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Air inlet hose (upper)
Air inlet hose (lower)
Flange nut
Flange head screw
Flat washer
Cap screw
Air filter mount
Hose clamp
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Air cleaner body
Flange head screw
Hex nut
Lock washer
Mounting band assembly
Muffler
Muffler bracket
Exhaust guard (if equipped)
Page 3 - 8
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
Cap screw
Filter cover
Hose clamp
Plug
Lock nut
Compression spring
Bolt
Evacuator valve
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Muffler Removal (Fig. 11)
Safety
CAUTION
2
1
2. Open engine hood to gain access to engine.
Figure 12
3. Remove exhaust guard from frame (if equipped).
1. Flange head nut
2. Flange head screw
3. Muffler plate
4. Muffler bracket
4. Remove both flange head nuts and screws securing
the muffler plate to the muffler bracket (Fig. 12).
Air Cleaner Removal (Fig. 11)
5. Remove four hex nuts and lock washers from the exhaust manifold studs. Separate muffler flange from the
exhaust manifold. Remove muffler from the machine.
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch. Unlatch and raise hood.
6. Remove exhaust gasket. Replace gasket if damaged or torn.
2. Remove air cleaner components as needed using
Figure 11 as a guide.
Muffler Installation (Fig. 11)
Air Cleaner Installation (Fig. 11)
Note: Make sure muffler flange and exhaust manifold
sealing surfaces are free of debris or damage that may
prevent a tight seal.
IMPORTANT: Any leaks in the air cleaner system
will cause serious engine damage. Make sure that
all air cleaner components are in good condition
and are properly secured during assembly.
1. Place exhaust gasket on the exhaust manifold.
IMPORTANT: Finger tighten all fasteners before securing the muffler plate to the muffler bracket so
there is no preload on the exhaust manifold.
1. Assemble air cleaner system using Figure 11 as a
guide.
A. When installing air cleaner, orientate the evacuator valve on the air cleaner cover so that the valve is
pointing in a downward position.
2. Position muffler flange to the exhaust manifold with
four lock washers and hex nuts.
B. Make sure that air cleaner hoses do not contact
the engine or exhaust system after assembly. To ensure clearance, move and/or rotate air cleaner body
in air cleaner strap if necessary.
3. Position muffler plate to the muffler bracket with both
flange head screws and nuts (Fig. 12).
4. Tighten muffler flange hex nuts and then muffler
plate screws and nuts.
2. After all air cleaner components have been installed,
lower and secure hood.
5. Install exhaust guard to frame (if equipped).
6. Close and latch engine hood.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 3 - 9
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Hydraulic
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
Electrical
4
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
3
Wheels, Brakes,
The muffler and exhaust pipe may be hot. To
avoid possible burns, allow the engine and exhaust system to cool before working on the muffler.
Fuel System
42
7
29
28
10
30
22
9 22
32 47
22
5
46
1
20
8
27
41
3
33
2
37
24 22
18
17
12
14
16
22
40
26
25
22
21
15
19
13
31
44
38
36
22
45
43
35
22
34 39
6
22
11
23
4
Figure 13
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Cap screw
Fuel tank
Fuel hose strap
Cap screw
Fuel cap
Tank support
Fuel gauge
Grommet
Connector fitting
Stand pipe
R- clamp
Barb fitting
Cap screw
Flange hex nut
Lock washer
Flat washer
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
Tee fitting
Barb fitting
Barb fitting
Bushing
Spacer
Hose clamp
Fuel prefilter (if equipped)
Fuel/water separator
Fuel fitting
Flange head screw
Flange nut
Seat support strap
Foam
Hex flange head screw
Insert nut
Fuel hose
Page 3 - 10
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
Fuel hose
Fuel hose
Fuel hose
Fuel hose
Fuel hose
Fuel hose
R- clamp
Fuel pump
Spacer
Cap screw
Hose stem
Fuel hose
Hose clamp
Flat washer
Heat shield
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Fuel Tank Installation (Fig. 13)
DANGER
Check Fuel Lines and Connections
3. Connect seat switch to the electrical harness. Route
seat switch wire under seat support strap. Secure seat
support straps and seat to the frame with hex flange
head screws.
4. Check for correct seat operation and that seat switch
wires and connector are not pinched and do not contact
any moving parts.
Check fuel lines and connections at intervals recommended in your Operator’s Manual.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
5. Fill fuel tank.
3
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch. Unlatch and raise hood.
Product Records
2. Connect both fuel hoses to the tank and secure with
hose clamps and fuel hose strap.
4
5
2. Check fuel lines for deterioration, damage, leaks, or
loose connections. Replace hoses, clamps, and connections as necessary.
1
6
Hydraulic
Because diesel fuel is highly flammable, use caution when storing or handling it. Do not smoke
while filling the fuel tank. Do not fill fuel tank
while engine is running or hot, or when machine
is in an enclosed area. Always fill fuel tank outside and wipe up any spilled diesel fuel before
starting the engine. Store fuel in a clean, safetyapproved container and keep cap in place. Use
diesel fuel for the engine only; not for any other
purpose.
Safety
1. Position fuel tank to the machine.
Fuel Tank Removal (Fig. 13)
4. Fuel hose strap
5. Fuel supply hose
6. Fuel return hose
Wheels, Brakes,
2. Remove fuel from the tank into a suitable container.
Crossover fuel hose removal may assist to drain tank
completely.
Figure 14
1. Seat support strap
2. Hex flange head screw
3. Electrical harness
3. Remove seat and seat support straps from the
frame. Note location of spacers under front of seat support straps. Disconnect seat switch from the electrical
harness (Fig. 14).
4. Remove fuel hose strap and both fuel hoses from the
fuel tank. Pull tank from the machine (Fig. 14).
Drain and Clean Fuel Tank
Drain and clean the fuel tank every 2 years. Also, drain
and clean the fuel tank if the fuel system becomes contaminated or if the machine is to be stored for an extended period.
1. Remove fuel tank from the machine (see Fuel Tank
Removal).
2. Flush fuel tank out with clean diesel fuel. Make sure
tank is free of contaminates and debris.
3. Install fuel tank to the machine (see Fuel Tank Installation).
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 3 - 11
Electrical
2
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch. Unlatch and raise hood.
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Radiator (Serial Number Below 313999999)
RIGHT
10
18
17
22
28
FRONT
5 11
9
34
30
6
32
9
31
14
13
16
8
19
33
35
15
20
29
4
26
28
25
3
21
2
12
36
27
24 25
23
37
38
1
7
Figure 15
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Draincock valve
Flange head screw
Flange nut
Carriage bolt
Radiator
Fan shroud (top)
Fan shroud (bottom)
Flange head screw
Hose clamp
Radiator frame
Radiator cap
Radiator foam seal
Flange head screw
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
Reservoir bracket
Wire form latch
Oil cooler bracket
Bracket clamp
Screw
Lock nut
Radiator shield (lower)
Magnetic catch
Oil cooler
Radiator hose (upper)
Radiator hose (lower)
Hose clamp
Hydraulic tube
Removal
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
2. Open and remove engine hood from the machine.
CAUTION
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
Hydraulic tube
Oil cooler hose
Grommet
Foam seal
Expansion tank hose
Expansion tank
Glow plug relay
Thread forming screw
Flange lock nut
Bulkhead nut
Tube assembly
Nut
3. Place a suitable container under the radiator to collect the coolant. Open draincock valve, and completely
drain the radiator.
IMPORTANT: Follow all local codes and regulations
when recycling or disposing engine coolant.
4. Remove glow plug relay from the radiator assembly.
Position relay away from the radiator.
5. Disconnect following hoses from the radiator:
Do not open radiator cap or drain coolant if the
radiator or engine is hot. Pressurized, hot coolant can escape and cause burns. Ethylene- glycol antifreeze is poisonous. Dispose of coolant
properly, or store it in a properly labeled container away from children and pets.
A. Upper radiator hose to the water pump.
B. Lower radiator hose to the engine block.
C. Coolant hose to the expansion tank.
D. Air hose to the air cleaner.
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Page 3 - 12
Groundsmaster 3500- D
6. Remove expansion tank and bracket from the top fan
shroud.
9. Pull radiator carefully from the radiator frame.
If engine has been running, the radiator may be
hot and cause burns. Work on radiator only when
the engine and radiator are cool.
2. Unlatch and open engine hood.
3. Clean engine area thoroughly of all dirt and debris.
10.Plug any openings to prevent contamination.
Installation
4. Remove lower radiator shield. Release wire form
latch and allow oil cooler to pivot out (Fig. 17).
1. Remove any plugs used during the removal procedures.
5. Clean both sides of oil cooler and radiator area thoroughly with water or compressed air.
2. Position radiator carefully to the radiator frame.
6. Pivot oil cooler back and latch into position. Install
lower shield. Close and latch hood.
4. Secure both fan shrouds to the radiator assembly
with flange head screws.
Hydraulic
3. Secure radiator assembly to the radiator frame with
four carriage bolts and lock nuts. Secure top and bottom
of radiator to frame with flange head screws.
3
5. Secure expansion tank bracket and tank to the top
fan shroud with both flange head screws and flange
nuts.
Electrical
1
6. Connect following hoses to the radiator:
2
A. Upper radiator hose to the water pump.
Figure 16
1. Oil cooler
2. Radiator
C. Coolant hose to the expansion tank.
3. Wire form latch
Wheels, Brakes,
B. Lower radiator hose to the engine block.
D. Air hose to the air cleaner.
7. Secure glow plug relay to the radiator assembly with
both thread forming screws.
3
8. Make sure draincock valve is closed. Fill radiator
with coolant.
9. Install engine hood to the machine. Close and latch
hood.
2
1
Clean Radiator and Oil Cooler (Fig. 16)
The radiator and oil cooler should be checked for dirt
and debris daily, and hourly if conditions are extremely
dusty and dirty.
Figure 17
1. Oil cooler (pivoted out)
2. Radiator
3. Wire form latch
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Product Records
8. Remove flange head screws securing the top and
bottom of the radiator frame to the radiator. Remove four
carriage bolts and lock nuts securing the radiator to the
radiator frame.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
7. Remove both fan shrouds from radiator assembly.
Safety
CAUTION
Page 3 - 13
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Radiator and Oil Cooler Assembly (Serial Number Above 314000000)
9
8
7
6
6
5
25
4
2
1
7
11
10
28
27
3
12
26
32
13
7
25
24
22
9
14
21
31
15
23
30
29
6
13
17
RIGHT
FRONT
16
18
20
7
9
19
Figure 18
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Expansion tank
Hose clamp
Coolant hose
Flange head screw
Radiator bracket - RH
Carriage bolt
Flange nut
Radiator bracket - top
Flange head screw
Frame casting
Cap screw
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
Radiator
Straight fitting
Draincock
Lower radiator shield
Radiator bracket - LH
Elbow fitting
Magnet
Radiator bracket - bottom
Lower fan shroud
Upper fan shroud
Hydraulic tube
NOTE: On machines with serial number above
314000000, the hydraulic oil cooler is combined with the
radiator as shown in Figure 18.
Removal
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
Hydraulic hose
Lower radiator hose
Hose clamp
Hex nut
Relay
Upper radiator hose
Flange nut
Straight fitting
Expansion tank support
Flange head screw
CAUTION
Do not open radiator cap or drain coolant if the
radiator or engine is hot. Pressurized, hot coolant can escape and cause burns. Ethylene- glycol antifreeze is poisonous. Dispose of coolant
properly, or store it in a properly labeled container away from children and pets.
2. Open and remove engine hood from the machine.
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Page 3 - 14
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Safety
3. Place a suitable container under the radiator to collect the coolant. Open draincock valve, and completely
drain the radiator.
IMPORTANT: Follow all local codes and regulations
when recycling or disposing engine coolant.
1
5. Place a suitable container under the hydraulic filter
to collect the hydraulic fluid. The container should have
a 6 gal. (23 Ltr.) minimum capacity. Disconnect the hydraulic hose below the filter head or remove the hydraulic filter element and drain the hydraulic system (Fig. 19).
B. Lower radiator hose to the engine block.
6. Connect the following hydraulic hoses to the oil cooler section of the radiator/oil cooler assembly:
C. Coolant hose to the expansion tank.
D. Air hose to the air cleaner.
A. Hydraulic tube to top of hydraulic fluid cooler.
7. Disconnect the hydraulic hoses from the oil cooler
section of the radiator/oil cooler assembly:
B. Hydraulic hose to bottom of hydraulic fluid cooler.
A. Hydraulic tube from top of hydraulic fluid cooler.
7. Connect following coolant hoses to the radiator/oil
cooler assembly:
B. Hydraulic hose from bottom of hydraulic fluid
cooler.
A. Upper radiator hose to the water pump.
8. Remove expansion tank from the fan shroud.
B. Lower radiator hose to the engine block.
9. Remove expansion tank bracket and both fan
shrouds from radiator assembly.
C. Coolant hose to the expansion tank.
10.Remove flange head screws securing the top and
bottom of the radiator frame to the radiator. Remove four
carriage bolts and lock nuts securing the radiator to the
radiator frame.
11. Carefully remove radiator from the radiator frame.
D. Air hose to the air cleaner.
8. Secure glow plug relay to the radiator assembly with
both thread forming screws.
9. Make sure draincock valve in radiator is closed. Fill
radiator with coolant to the bottom of the filler neck.
10.Install engine hood to the machine. Close and latch
hood.
12.Plug any openings to prevent contamination.
Installation
1. Remove all plugs used during the removal procedures.
2. Position radiator carefully to the radiator frame.
11. Start engine. Check for fluid leaks and proper engine
operation.
12.After running engine for a short time, stop engine and
make sure hydraulic tank is full. Add correct oil if necessary.
3. Secure radiator assembly to the radiator frame with
four carriage bolts and lock nuts. Secure top and bottom
of radiator to frame with flange head screws.
4. Secure both fan shrouds to the radiator assembly
with flange head screws.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 3 - 15
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Hydraulic
5. Secure expansion tank bracket and tank to the top
fan shroud with both flange head screws and flange
nuts.
A. Upper radiator hose to the water pump.
Electrical
3. Hydraulic hose
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Figure 19
1. Hydraulic filter element
2. Hydraulic filter head
Wheels, Brakes,
6. Disconnect the coolant hoses from the radiator/oil
cooler assembly:
3
Product Records
2
4. Remove glow plug relay from the radiator assembly.
Position relay away from the radiator.
Engine
39
1
37
21
36
15
16
11
2
5
9
6
13
37
35 34
32
23
22
24
28
17
41
10
38
40
11
12
11
43
18
20
31
33
20
27
RIGHT
25
26
29
30 16
14
6
2
9
19
5
11
16
8
FRONT
7
4
Figure 20
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Kubota engine
Engine mount
Engine mount
Flange nut
Cap screw
Hex flange head screw
External lock washer
Lock nut
Hardened washer
Machine screw
Hardened washer
Cap screw
Engine mounting bracket (front)
Engine mounting bracket (LH)
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
Engine mounting bracket (RH)
Cap screw
Pulley
Bolt
Flange nut
Washer
Exhaust gasket
Throttle swivel
Lock nut
Slotted hex head screw
Throttle cable clamp
Cap screw
R- clamp
Lock nut
Removal
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
Lock washer
Flat washer
Flange head screw
Flat washer
R- clamp
Lock washer
Hex nut
Wire harness
Hose clamp
Radiator hose (upper)
Radiator hose (lower)
Throttle support bracket
Pump mount plate
4. Disconnect both battery cables at the battery (see
Battery Service in Chapter 5 - Electrical System).
5. Remove muffler from the exhaust manifold and muffler bracket (see Muffler Removal).
2. Open and remove engine hood from the machine
(see Hood Removal in Chapter 6 - Wheels, Brakes, and
Chassis). Slide seat all the way forward.
6. Drain radiator from the drain cock valve into a suitable container (see Radiator Removal). Disconnect
coolant hoses from the water pump and engine block.
3. Disconnect air hose from the air cleaner and radiator.
Remove air cleaner from the engine.
7. Remove coolant expansion tank and bracket from
the top fan shroud. Remove top fan shroud from the radiator (see Radiator Removal).
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Page 3 - 16
Groundsmaster 3500- D
A. Battery and wire harness grounds (Fig. 21).
4
3
Safety
8. Disconnect wire harness and electrical wires from
the following:
6
B. Glow plug bus (Fig. 22) and fuel stop solenoid.
Figure 21
1. Battery ground cable
2. Wire harness ground
3. Throttle cable
11. Remove traction control cable from the neutral arm
assembly on the piston pump. Remove all hydraulic
hoses from the piston and gear pumps (see Piston
Pump Removal in Chapter 4- Hydraulic System).
4. Support bracket
5. Speed control lever
6. Fuel hose
2
1
4
12.Remove cable ties securing the wire harness to the
front lift tab and other engine parts. Connect hoist or lift
to the front and rear lift tabs (Fig. 22 and 23).
Kubota
Diesel Engine
10.Disconnect fuel hose from the fuel/water separator
(Fig. 21) and front injector nozzle.
1
3
Hydraulic
9. Disconnect throttle cable from the support and swivel on the speed control lever (Fig. 21).
5
2
D. High temperature shutdown switch, alternator,
and low oil pressure switch (Fig. 24).
Figure 22
CAUTION
1. Glow plug wire
2. Rear injector nozzle
3. Fuel return hose
4. Rear lift tab
Electrical
Make sure lift or hoist can support the total
weight of the engine before removing the cap
screws from the engine and engine brackets.
2
1
Wheels, Brakes,
13.Remove flange nuts, cap screws, and washers securing three engine mounts to the engine mounting
brackets.
CAUTION
One person should operate lift or hoist while the
other person guides the engine out of the machine.
Figure 23
1. Temp. warning switch
IMPORTANT: Make sure not to damage the engine,
fuel and hydraulic lines, electrical harness, or other
parts while removing the engine.
2. Front lift tab
1
2
14.Remove engine slowly from the machine.
15.Separate hydrostat and pump mount plate from the
engine as follows (Figs. 25 and 26):
3
A. Remove traction belt from the engine flywheel
and hydrostat pulleys (see Replace Traction Belt).
Figure 24
1. Temp. shutdown switch
2. Alternator
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Product Records
C. High temperature warning switch (Fig. 23).
Page 3 - 17
3. Low oil press. switch
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Note: The cap screw next to the torsion spring does
not have a flat washer with it.
1
2
B. Remove five cap screws, four washers, and five
spacers securing the pump mount plate to the engine.
4
2
C. Remove four cap screws and hardened washers
securing the right engine mounting bracket and hydrostat to the engine.
3
16.As necessary, remove engine mounts, front engine
mounting bracket, throttle support bracket and left engine mounting bracket.
2
1
Installation
1. If removed, install engine mounts, front engine
mounting bracket, throttle support bracket and left engine mounting bracket. Also, make sure that all switches
and sensors are installed on engine.
Figure 25
1. Cap screw
2. Spacer
3. Torsion spring
4. Pump mount plate
2. Install hydrostat and pump mount plate to the engine
as follows (Figs. 25 and 26):
A. Secure right engine mounting bracket and hydrostat to the engine with four hardened washers
and cap screws.
1
Note: Do not install flat washer with cap screw near
the torsion spring to prevent the spring from binding.
B. Secure pump mount plate to the engine with five
spacers, four washers, and five cap screws.
C. Install traction belt to the engine flywheel and hydrostat pulleys (see Replace Traction Belt).
3. Connect hoist or lift to the front and rear engine lift
tabs (Fig. 22 and 23).
CAUTION
3
6
1
4
5
3
2
Figure 26
1. Long spacer (4 used)
2. Flat washer (3 used)
3. 8 mm cap screw (4 used)
4. Hardened washer
5. 10 mm cap screw
6. Short spacer
One person should operate lift or hoist while the
other person guides the engine into the machine.
7. Install all hydraulic hoses to the piston and gear
pumps. Install traction control cable to the neutral arm
assembly on the piston pump (see Piston Pump Installation in Chapter 4- Hydraulic System).
IMPORTANT: Make sure not to damage the engine,
fuel and hydraulic lines, electrical harness, or other
parts while installing the engine.
8. Connect fuel hose to the fuel/water separator (Fig.
21) and front injector nozzle.
4. Position engine slowly into the machine.
5. Secure all three engine mounts to the engine mounting brackets with cap screws, washers, and flange nuts.
9. Install top fan shroud to the radiator. Install expansion tank and bracket to the top fan shroud (see Radiator
Installation).
6. Secure wire harness to the front lift tab and the engine with cable ties.
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Page 3 - 18
Groundsmaster 3500- D
15.Connect both battery cables at the battery (see Battery Service in Chapter 5 - Electrical system).
B. Glow plug bus (Fig. 22) and fuel stop solenoid.
16.Install air cleaner to the engine. Connect air hose to
air cleaner and radiator.
C. High temperature warning switch (Fig. 23).
D. High temperature shutdown switch, alternator,
and low oil pressure switch (Fig. 24).
17.Adjust throttle cable (see Adjust Throttle Cable).
18.Bleed fuel system (see Bleed Fuel System).
11. Secure wire harness to engine with cable ties at locations noted during engine removal.
19.Install engine hood to the machine. Close and latch
hood.
12.Connect coolant hoses to the water pump and engine block. Make sure drain cock valve is closed. Fill radiator with coolant (see Check Cooling System).
20.Check hydraulic oil level. Adjust as needed.
Wheels, Brakes,
Electrical
Hydraulic
13.Install muffler to the exhaust manifold and muffler
bracket (see Muffler Installation).
21.Adjust traction drive for neutral (see Adjust Traction
Drive for Neutral in Chapter 4- Hydraulic System).
Safety
A. Engine grounds to the battery and wire harness
(Fig. 21).
Product Records
14.Connect throttle cable to the support and swivel on
the speed control lever (Fig. 21).
Kubota
Diesel Engine
10.Connect wire harness and electrical wires to the following:
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 3 - 19
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
This page is intentionally blank.
Kubota Diesel Engine (Rev. G)
Page 3 - 20
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 1
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Product Records
and Manuals
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Check Hydraulic Lines and Hoses . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Flush Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Filtering Closed- Loop Traction Circuit . . . . . . . . . 64
Charge Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Hydraulic Tank and Hydraulic Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . 66
Oil Cooler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Front Wheel Motors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Rear Wheel Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Wheel Motor Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Rotary Cutting Motors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Rotary Cutting Motor Service (Haldex) . . . . . . . . . 78
Rotary Cutting Motor Service (Casappa) . . . . . . . 82
Hydraulic Manifold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Hydraulic Manifold Service (Serial Numbers
Below 240000600) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Hydraulic Manifold Service (Serial Numbers
240000601 to 313999999) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Hydraulic Manifold Service (Serial Numbers
Above 314000000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Control Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Control Valve Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Piston Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Piston Pump Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Gear Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Gear Pump Service (Serial Numbers
Below 260000400) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Gear Pump Service (Serial Numbers
Above 260000400) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Steering Control Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Steering Control Valve Service (Serial Numbers
Below 240000000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Steering Control Valve Service (Serial Numbers
Above 240000000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Sidewinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Front Lift Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Rear Lift Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Lift Cylinder Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Steering Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Steering Cylinder Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
ROSS TORQMOTOR TM MG, MF, ME, AND MJ SERIES SERVICE PROCEDURE
EATON MEDIUM DUTY PISTON PUMP REPAIR INFORMATION MODEL 70160 VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT PISTON PUMP
ROSS HYDRAGUIDE TM HYDROSTATIC STEERING
SYSTEM HGF SERIES SERVICE PROCEDURE
SAUER/DANFOSS STEERING UNIT TYPE OSPM
SERVICE MANUAL
Hydraulic
System
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Traction Unit Operator’s Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Check Hydraulic Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Towing Traction Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Hydraulic Hoses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Hydraulic Hose and Tube Installation . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Hydraulic Fitting Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Relieving Hydraulic System Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Traction Circuit (Closed Loop) Component Failure 8
HYDRAULIC SCHEMATICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Serial Numbers Below 240000600 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Serial Numbers 240000601 to 313999999 . . . . . 10
Serial Numbers Above 314000000 . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
HYDRAULIC FLOW DIAGRAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Traction Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Cutting Unit Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Lift Circuit (Up) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Lift Circuit (Down) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Sidewinder Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Steering Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
SPECIAL TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Traction Circuit Working Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . 32
Piston Pump (P3) Flow & Traction Relief
Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Charge Relief Valve Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Gear Pump (P2) Flow Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Wheel Motor Efficiency Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Cutting Deck Circuit Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Gear Pump (P1) Flow Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Manifold Relief Valve (R1) Pressure Test . . . . . . . 46
Logic (Counterbalance) Valve (LC1)
Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Deck Motor Efficiency - Case Drain Test . . . . . . . 50
Lift and Steering Control Valve Relief
Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Steering Control Valve Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
ADJUSTMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Adjust Traction Drive for Neutral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Braking Valve Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
SERVICE AND REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
General Precautions for Removing and
Installing Hydraulic System Components . . . 58
Change Hydraulic Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Replace Hydraulic Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Replace Traction Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Electrical
System
Table of Contents
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Hydraulic System
Safety
Chapter 4
Specifications
Item
Description
Piston Pump (Hydrostat)
Maximum Operating Pressure
Charge Pressure
Traction Circuit Relief Pressure (Forward Only)
Variable displacement piston pump
3000 PSI (207 bar)
100 to 150 PSI (6.9 to 10 bar)
3000 PSI (207 bar)
Gear Pump
Maximum Operating Pressure
2 stage positive displacement gear type pump
3200 PSI (221 bar)
Wheel Motors (Front)
Maximum Operating Pressure
Orbital rotor motor
2000 PSI (138 bar)
Wheel Motor (Rear)
Maximum Operating Pressure
Orbital rotor motor
3000 PSI (207 bar)
Hydraulic Manifold Relief Pressure
3200 PSI (221 bar)
Cutting Unit Motor
Cross- over Relief Pressure
Maximum Operating Pressure
Gear motor
1500 PSI (103 bar)
2250 PSI (155 bar)
Steering Control Valve
Maximum Operating Pressure
Implement (Steering and Lift) Relief Valve Pressure
Distributor valve with rotary meter
1800 PSI (124 bar)
1000 PSI (69 bar)
Hydraulic Filter
10 Micron, spin- on cartridge type
Hydraulic Oil
See Hydraulic System Fluid in General Information Section
Hydraulic Reservoir
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
6 Gal. U.S. (22.6 L)
Page 4 - 2
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Safety
General Information
Traction Unit Operator’s Manual
Product Records
and Manuals
The Traction Unit Operator’s Manual provides information regarding the operation, general maintenance and
maintenance intervals for your Groundsmaster machine. Refer to that publication for additional information
when servicing the machine.
Check Hydraulic Fluid
The hydraulic system on Groundsmaster 3500- D machines is designed to operate on high quality hydraulic
fluid. The hydraulic system reservoir holds approximately 6 gallons (22.6 liters) of hydraulic fluid. Check level
of hydraulic fluid daily. See Traction Unit Operator’s
Manual for fluid level checking procedure and hydraulic
oil recommendations.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
2
Electrical
System
Hydraulic
System
1
Figure 34
1. Hydraulic reservoir
2. Cap and dipstick
In case of emergency, the Groundsmaster 3500- D can
be towed for a short distance. However, Toro does not
recommend this as a standard procedure.
1
1. Locate by- pass valve on hydrostat pump (Fig. 35)
and rotate it 90o to open the by- pass valve. This open
position should be horizontal (Fig. 36).
2
IMPORTANT: Do not tow the machine faster than 2 to
3 mph because the drive system may be damaged. If
machine must be moved a considerable distance (more
than a few feet), transport it on a truck or trailer.
Figure 35
1.
2. Slowly tow machine.
3. Before starting engine, close by- pass valve by rotating it 90o. This closed position should be vertical (Fig.
36). Do not start engine when by- pass valve is open.
Hydrostat pump
2.
By- pass valve
2
1
Figure 36
1.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 3
Valve closed position
2.
Valve open position
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Towing Traction Unit
Hydraulic Hoses
Hydraulic hoses are subject to extreme conditions such
as pressure differentials during operation and exposure
to weather, sun, chemicals, very warm storage conditions or mishandling during operation and maintenance.
These conditions can cause hose damage and deterioration. Some hoses are more susceptible to these
conditions than others. Inspect all machine hydraulic
hoses frequently for signs of deterioration or damage:
Hard, cracked, cut, abraded, charred, leaking or
otherwise damaged hose.
Kinked, crushed, flattened or twisted hose.
Blistered, soft, degraded or loose hose cover.
Cracked, damaged or badly corroded hose fittings.
When replacing a hydraulic hose, be sure that the hose
is straight (not twisted) before tightening the fittings.
This can be done by observing the imprint (layline) on
the hose. Use two wrenches when tightening a hose;
hold the hose straight with one wrench and tighten the
hose swivel nut onto the fitting with the second wrench
(see Hydraulic Hose and Tube Installation in this section). If the hose has an elbow at one end, tighten the
swivel nut on that end before tightening the nut on the
straight end of the hose.
WARNING
Before disconnecting or performing any work on
hydraulic system, relieve all pressure in system
(see Relieving Hydraulic System Pressure in this
section).
Keep body and hands away from pin hole leaks or
nozzles that eject hydraulic fluid under high
pressure. Use paper or cardboard, not hands, to
search for leaks. Hydraulic fluid escaping under
pressure can have sufficient force to penetrate
the skin and cause serious injury. If fluid is injected into the skin, it must be surgically removed within a few hours by a doctor familiar
with this type of injury. Gangrene may result from
such an injury.
For additional hydraulic hose information, refer to Toro
Service Training Book, Hydraulic Hose Servicing (Part
Number 94813SL).
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 4
Groundsmaster 3500- D
2. As a preventative measure against leakage, it is recommended that the face seal O- ring be replaced any
time the connection is opened. Make sure the O- ring is
installed and properly seated in the fitting groove. Lightly
lubricate the O- ring with clean hydraulic oil.
Size
4 (1/4 in. nominal hose or tubing)
6 (3/8 in.)
8 (1/2 in.)
10 (5/8 in.)
12 (3/4 in.)
16 (1 in.)
3. Place the hose/tube against the fitting body so that
the flat face of the hose/tube sleeve fully contacts the Oring in the fitting.
Swivel Nut
Tube or Hose
Final
Position
Initial
Position
Extend Line
AT WRENCH RESISTANCE
B. Mark the swivel nut and fitting body. Hold the
hose/tube with a wrench to prevent it from turning.
AFTER TIGHTENING
Figure 38
Fitting Dash Size
Hose/Tube Side Thread Size
Installation Torque
4
9/16 - 18
18 to 22 ft- lb (25 to 29 N- m)
6
11/16 - 16
27 to 33 ft- lb (37 to 44 N- m)
8
13/16 - 16
37 to 47 ft- lb (51 to 63 N- m)
10
1 - 14
60 to 74 ft- lb (82 to 100 N- m)
12
1 3/16 - 12
85 to 105 ft- lb (116 to 142 N- m)
16
1 7/16 - 12
110 to 136 ft- lb (150 to 184 N- m)
20
1 11/16 - 12
140 to 172 ft- lb (190 to 233 N- m)
Figure 39
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 5
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Mark Nut
and Fitting
Body
Electrical
System
Figure 37
5. If a torque wrench is not available or if space at the
swivel nut prevents use of a torque wrench, an alternate
method of assembly is the Flats From Wrench Resistance (F.F.W.R.) method (Fig. 2).
A. Using a wrench, tighten the swivel nut onto the fitting until light wrench resistance is reached (approximately 30 in- lb).
Fitting Body
O- ring
Hydraulic
System
4. Thread the swivel nut onto the fitting by hand. While
holding the hose/tube with a wrench, use a torque
wrench to tighten the swivel nut to the recommended
installation torque shown in Figure 39. This tightening
process will require the use of an offset wrench (e.g.
crowfoot wrench). Use of an offset wrench will affect
torque wrench calibration due to the effective length
change of the torque wrench. Tightening torque when
using a torque wrench with an offset wrench will be lower
than the listed installation torque (see Using a Torque
Wrench with an Offset Wrench in the Torque Specifications section of Chapter 2 - Product Records and Maintenance).
F.F.W.R.
1/2 to 3/4
1/2 to 3/4
1/2 to 3/4
1/2 to 3/4
1/3 to 1/2
1/3 to 1/2
Product Records
and Manuals
C. Use a second wrench to tighten the nut to the correct Flats From Wrench Resistance (F.F.W.R.). The
markings on the nut and fitting body will verify that the
connection has been properly tightened.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
1. Make sure threads and sealing surfaces of the hose/
tube and the fitting are free of burrs, nicks, scratches or
any foreign material.
Safety
Hydraulic Hose and Tube Installation (O- Ring Face Seal Fitting)
Hydraulic Fitting Installation (SAE Straight Thread O- Ring Fitting into Component Port)
Non- Adjustable Fitting (Fig. 40)
1. Make sure all threads and sealing surfaces of fitting
and component port are free of burrs, nicks, scratches
or any foreign material.
5. If a torque wrench is not available, or if space at the
port prevents use of a torque wrench, an alternate method of assembly is the Flats From Finger Tight (F.F.F.T.)
method.
2. As a preventative measure against leakage, it is recommended that the O- ring be replaced any time the
connection is opened.
3. Lightly lubricate the O- ring with clean hydraulic oil.
Fitting threads should be clean with no lubricant applied.
IMPORTANT: Before installing fitting into port, determine port material. If fitting is to be installed into
an aluminum port, installation torque is reduced.
4. Install the fitting into the port. Then, use a torque
wrench and socket to tighten the fitting to the recommended installation torque shown in Figure 41.
A. Install the fitting into the port and tighten it down
full length until finger tight.
B. If port material is steel, tighten the fitting to the
listed F.F.F.T. If port material is aluminum, tighten fitting to 60% of listed F.F.F.T.
Size
4 (1/4 in. nominal hose or tubing)
6 (3/8 in.)
8 (1/2 in.)
10 (5/8 in.)
12 (3/4 in.)
16 (1 in.)
NOTE: Use of an offset wrench (e.g. crowfoot wrench)
will affect torque wrench calibration due to the effective
length change of the torque wrench. Tightening torque
when using a torque wrench with an offset wrench will
be less than the recommended installation torque. See
Using a Torque Wrench with an Offset Wrench in the
Torque Specifications section of Chapter 2 - Product
Records and Maintenance to determine necessary conversion information.
F.F.F.T.
1.00 + 0.25
1.50 + 0.25
1.50 + 0.25
1.50 + 0.25
1.50 + 0.25
1.50 + 0.25
Fitting
O- ring
Figure 40
Fitting
Dash Size
Fitting Port Side
Thread Size
Installation Torque Into
Steel Port
Installation Torque Into
Aluminum Port
4
7/16 - 20
15 to 19 ft- lb (21 to 25 N- m)
9 to 11 ft- lb (13 to 15 N- m)
5
1/2 - 20
18 to 22 ft- lb (25 to 29 N- m)
11 to 15 ft- lb (15 to 20 N- m)
6
9/16 - 18
34 to 42 ft- lb (47 to 56 N- m)
20 to 26 ft- lb (28 to 35 N- m)
8
3/4 - 16
58 to 72 ft- lb (79 to 97 N- m)
35 to 43 ft- lb (48 to 58 N- m)
10
7/8 - 14
99 to 121 ft- lb (135 to 164 N- m)
60 to 74 ft- lb (82 to 100 N- m)
12
1 1/16 - 12
134 to 164 ft- lb (182 to 222 N- m)
81 to 99 ft- lb (110 to 134 N- m)
14
1 3/16 - 12
160 to 196 ft- lb (217 to 265 N- m)
96 to 118 ft- lb (131 to 160 N- m)
16
1 5/16 - 12
202 to 248 ft- lb (274 to 336 N- m)
121 to 149 ft- lb (165 to 202 N- m)
20
1 5/8 - 12
247 to 303 ft- lb (335 to 410 N- m)
149 to 183 ft- lb (202 to 248 N- m)
Figure 41
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 6
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Adjustable Fitting (Fig. 42)
Back- up Washer
4. Turn back the lock nut as far as possible. Make sure
the back up washer is not loose and is pushed up as far
as possible (Step 1 in Figure 43).
O- ring
Figure 42
IMPORTANT: Before installing fitting into port, determine port material. If fitting is to be installed into
an aluminum port, installation torque is reduced.
6. To put the fitting in the desired position, unscrew it by
the required amount to align fitting with incoming hose
or tube, but no more than one full turn (Step 3 in Figure
43).
7. Hold the fitting in the desired position with a wrench
and use a torque wrench to tighten the lock nut to the
recommended installation torque shown in Figure 41.
This tightening process will require the use of an offset
wrench (e.g. crowfoot wrench). Use of an offset wrench
will affect torque wrench calibration due to the effective
length change of the torque wrench. Tightening torque
when using a torque wrench with an offset wrench will
be lower than the listed installation torque (see Using a
Torque Wrench with an Offset Wrench in the Torque
Specifications section of Chapter 2 - Product Records
and Maintenance).
Step 1
Step 3
Step 2
Step 4
Figure 43
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
5. Install the fitting into the port and tighten finger tight
until the washer contacts the face of the port (Step 2 in
Figure 43). Make sure that the fitting does not bottom in
the port during installation.
8. If a torque wrench is not available, or if space at the
port prevents use of a torque wrench, an alternate method of assembly is the Flats From Finger Tight (F.F.F.T.)
method. Hold the fitting in the desired position with a
wrench and, if port material is steel, tighten the lock nut
with a second wrench to the listed F.F.F.T. (Step 4 in Figure 43). If port material is aluminum, tighten fitting to
60% of listed F.F.F.T.
Size
4 (1/4 in. nominal hose or tubing)
6 (3/8 in.)
8 (1/2 in.)
10 (5/8 in.)
12 (3/4 in.)
16 (1 in.)
Groundsmaster 3500- D
F.F.F.T.
1.00 + 0.25
1.50 + 0.25
1.50 + 0.25
1.50 + 0.25
1.50 + 0.25
1.50 + 0.25
Page 4 - 7
Kubota
Diesel Engine
3. Lightly lubricate the O- ring with clean hydraulic oil.
Fitting threads should be clean with no lubricant applied.
Hydraulic
System
Lock Nut
Electrical
System
2. As a preventative measure against leakage, it is recommended that the O- ring be replaced any time the
connection is opened.
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
1. Make sure all threads and sealing surfaces of fitting
and component port are free of burrs, nicks, scratches
or any foreign material.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Relieving Hydraulic System Pressure
Before disconnecting or performing any work on the
Groundsmaster 3500- D hydraulic system, all pressure
in the hydraulic system must be relieved. Park machine
on a level surface with the cutting units lowered and off.
Turn key switch to OFF and allow engine to stop.
To relieve hydraulic pressure in traction circuit, move
traction lever to both forward and reverse directions. To
relieve hydraulic pressure in steering and lift circuits, rotate steering wheel in both directions.
which will energize the solenoid valve on hydraulic manifold to relieve circuit pressure. Move PTO switch to disengage, return key switch to OFF and remove key from
the ignition switch.
NOTE: Moving steering wheel with engine off may unseat implement relief valve. If steering or lift circuits appear weak or inoperative after machine is returned to
service, repeat relieving hydraulic system pressure procedure.
To relieve cutting unit system pressure, turn key switch
to ON (engine not running). Move PTO switch to engage
Traction Circuit (Closed Loop) Component Failure
The Groundsmaster 3500- D traction circuit is a closed
loop system that includes the hydrostat and two (2)
wheel motors. If a component in the traction circuit
should fail, debris and contamination from the failed
component will circulate throughout the traction circuit.
This contamination can damage other components in
the circuit so it must be removed to prevent additional
component failure.
If a component failure occurs in the traction circuit, it is
critical that the entire traction circuit be disassembled,
drained and thoroughly cleaned to ensure that all contamination is removed from the circuit. If any debris remains in the traction circuit and the machine is operated,
the debris can cause additional component failure.
An additional step for removing all traction circuit contamination would be to temporarily install a high pressure hydraulic oil filter (see Special Tools) into the circuit.
The filter could be used when connecting hydraulic test
gauges in order to test traction circuit components or after replacing a failed traction circuit component (e.g. hydrostat or wheel motor). The filter will ensure that
contaminates are removed from the closed loop and
thus, do not cause additional component damage.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Once the filter has been placed in the traction circuit,
place the machine on jack stands and operate the traction circuit to allow oil flow through the circuit. With the
machine raised off the ground, the traction circuit will
have maximum oil flow at minimum pressure to minimize damage from any remaining contamination. The
filter will remove contamination from the closed loop
traction circuit during operation. Remove the filter from
the machine after contamination has been removed
from the traction circuit.
IMPORTANT: When operating the traction system with
the high pressure filter installed, make sure that flow is
always directed through the filter (e.g. do not press the
traction pedal in the reverse direction if the filter is placed
for forward direction flow). If flow is reversed, debris
from the filter will re- enter the traction circuit.
Page 4 - 8
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 9
LOWER
PORT
FORWARD
P3
M6
UPPER
PORT
TOP PORT
HYDROSTAT
INTERNAL CASE DRAIN
100- 150 psi
3000 psi
DUMP
VALVE
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
M4
M5
All solenoids are shown as
de- energized
P1
P1
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
OIL
FILTER
OIL
COOLER
T1
MANIFOLD
BLOCK
G1
T2
D1
1500 psi
Electrical
System
STRAINER
BV
LC1
ST
M2
GEAR PUMP
CHG
R1
3200 psi
DECK
ON- OFF
P2
M1
IN
Hydraulic
System
250 psi BACKPRESSURE
LV
G2
CR
CF
AUX
OUT
IN
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
V1
C
D
M3
M2
POWER
STEERING
VALVE
R
L
REAR
LIFT
FRONT
LIFT
REAR
DECK
RIGHT
DECK
Product Records
and Manuals
1000 psi
LIFT/SIDEWINDER VALVE
B
Kubota
Diesel Engine
OUT
A
SIDEWINDER
BULKHEAD
PLATE
M1
LEFT
DECK
SIDEWINDER
Safety
STEERING
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Hydraulic Schematic
(Serial Numbers Below 240000600)
Hydraulic Schematics
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 10
Groundsmaster 3500- D
All solenoids are shown as
de- energized
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Hydraulic Schematic
(Serial Numbers 240000601 to 313999999)
Page 4 - 11
G2
LOWER
PORT
FORWARD
P3
G1
UPPER
PORT
HYDROSTAT
M6
TOP PORT
INTERNAL CASE DRAIN
200- 300 psi
100- 150 psi
3500 psi
BY- PASS
VALVE
M4
M5
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
All solenoids are shown as
de- energized
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Hydraulic Schematic
(Serial Numbers Above 314000000)
P1
RV
P2
ST
S
M2
Electrical
System
CHG
3200
psi
1500
psi
M1
STRAINER
GEAR
PUMP
P1
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
OIL
FILTER
OIL
COOLER
T1
MANIFOLD
BLOCK
G1
T2
D1
CR
LC1
LC2
CF
OUT
250 psi
BACK
PRESSURE
Hydraulic
System
LV
G2
S.W.
BULKHEAD
PLATE
E
T
P
V1
C
D
Product Records
and Manuals
POWER STEERING VALVE
1000 psi
LIFT/S.W. VALVE
B
RIGHT
DECK
LEFT
DECK
REAR
DECK
Kubota
Diesel Engine
IN
A
M3
M2
M1
LIFT
REAR
FRONT
Safety
R
L
SIDEWINDER
STEERING
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 12
100- 150 psi
3000 psi
P3
DUMP
VALVE
INTERNAL CASE DRAIN
LOWER
PORT
FORWARD
M6
UPPER
PORT
TOP PORT
HYDROSTAT
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
M4
M5
High Pressure
Low Pressure (Charge)
Return or Suction
Flow
OIL
FILTER
OIL
COOLER
T1
MANIFOLD
BLOCK
G1
T2
D1
P1
P1
1500 psi
STRAINER
BV
LC1
ST
M2
GEAR PUMP
CHG
R1
3200 psi
DECK
ON- OFF
P2
M1
IN
250 psi BACKPRESSURE
LV
G2
CR
CF
OUT
B
AUX
OUT
IN
1000 psi
C
V1
LIFT/SIDEWINDER VALVE
A
SIDEWINDER
BULKHEAD
PLATE
D
M3
M2
M1
POWER
STEERING
VALVE
R
L
REAR
LIFT
FRONT
LIFT
REAR
DECK
RIGHT
DECK
LEFT
DECK
SIDEWINDER
STEERING
Groundmaster 3500- D
Traction Circuits (Forward)
Hydraulic Flow Diagrams
Groundsmaster 3500- D
The rear wheel motor has a small check valve across its
ports that allows the rear motor to over run during tight
turns in the forward direction.
The traction circuit operates essentially the same in reverse as it does in forward. However, there are a few differences in operation.
When the reverse traction pedal is depressed, the cable
from the pedal positions the swash plate in the traction
pump (P3) so oil flows out of the upper port. Oil flow out
of the upper port goes to the wheel motors and turns
them in the reverse direction. Oil flowing out of the wheel
motors returns to the lower port of the hydrostat and is
continuously pumped out of the upper port. Oil bypasses the rear motor in reverse because of the check
valve inside the rear wheel motor.
Product Records
and Manuals
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
The traction pump uses a small amount of hydraulic fluid
for internal lubrication. Fluid is designed to leak across
pump parts into the case drain. This leakage results in
Reverse
Kubota
Diesel Engine
The engine drives traction pump (P3) indirectly through
pulleys and a V- belt. The traction pump is a variable displacement piston pump. The traction pedal connects
through a cable to the trunnion shaft and swash plate of
the pump. With the engine running and the traction pedal in the neutral position, traction pump (P3) supplies no
flow to the wheel motors. When the traction pedal is
pressed to the forward position, the cable from the pedal
positions the swash plate in the traction pump so oil
flows out of the lower port. Oil flow out of the lower port
goes to the wheel motors and turns them in the forward
direction. Oil flowing out of the wheel motors returns to
the upper port of the hydrostat and is continuously
pumped out of the lower port.
The charge pump (P2) is a fixed displacement gear
pump. It is driven directly off the traction pump. The
pump replenishes the closed loop traction circuit with
fluid from the hydraulic tank. The charge relief valve
supplies sufficient pressure so that charge pump flow is
guided to the low pressure side of the traction circuit
through one of two check valves. Pump flow in excess
of replenishment requirements is relieved through the
charge relief valve back to the gear pump inlet.
Hydraulic
System
The traction circuit of the hydraulic system consists of a
hydrostat connected in a closed loop circuit to three orbital vane wheel motors.
the loss of hydraulic fluid from the closed loop circuit that
must be replenished.
Electrical
System
Forward
Safety
Traction Circuits
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 13
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 14
Groundsmaster 3500- D
LOWER
PORT
FORWARD
P3
UPPER
PORT
TOP PORT
HYDROSTAT
INTERNAL CASE DRAIN
100 to 150 psi
3000 psi
BI- PASS
VALVE
M6
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
M4
M5
High Pressure
Low Pressure (Charge)
Return or Suction
Flow
Groundmaster 3500- D
Cutting Unit Circuit
OIL
FILTER
OIL
COOLER
T1
MANIFOLD
BLOCK
G1
T2
D1
CHG
R1
3200 psi
STRAINER
GEAR PUMP
P1 P2
P1
1500 psi
DECK
ON- OFF
M1
BV
LC1
ST
M2
IN
250 psi BACKPRESSURE
LV
G2
CR
CF
OUT
B
C
AUX
OUT
IN
1000 PSI
V1
LIFT/SIDEWINDER VALVE D
A
SIDEWINDER
BULKHEAD
PLATE
M3
M2
M1
R
L
POWER
STEERING
VALVE
STEERING
SIDEWINDER
REAR
LIFT
FRONT
LIFT
REAR
DECK
RIGHT
DECK
LEFT
DECK
When the solenoid valve (R1) is de- energized as the
PTO switch is DISENGAGED, brake relief cartridge
(BV) shifts to its closed position, blocking return flow
from the deck motors and slowing the cutting blades
Solenoid valve (R1) is de- energized with the engine
running when either the cutting unit drive switch is in
DISENGAGE or the transport/mow slide is in TRANSPORT. Solenoid valve (R1) by- passes flow from the cutting unit motors directly to the hydraulic reservoir.
Solenoid valve (R1) is energized with the engine running when the cutting unit drive switch is in ENGAGE
and the transport/mow slide is in MOW. When energized, solenoid valve (R1) allows gear pump (P1) flow
out manifold block port M1 to the cutting unit motors.
When solenoid valve (R1) is energized, brake relief cartridge (BV) is shifted (opens) to allow oil return from the
cutting unit motors.
The inertia of the rotating cutting blades, however, effectively turns the deck motors into pumps causing an increase in pressure as the flow from the motors comes
up against the closed brake relief cartridge (BV). When
this pressure builds to approximately 1500 PSI (103
bar), brake relief cartridge (BV) opens which allows hydraulic flow to return to tank and reduces return pressure. When return pressure drops below 1500 PSI (103
bar), brake relief cartridge (BV) reseats to further slow
the cutting blades. This action repeats several times in
a very short time frame as the blades finally come to a
stop. Once the blades have stopped, brake relief cartridge (BV) remains closed to keep the deck motors from
rotating.
Electrical
System
Oil flows through the left, right, and then rear cutting unit
motors as it turns the motors. The oil then returns into
manifold block port (M2), the oil cooler, the oil filter and
to gear pump (P1) inlet.
Product Records
and Manuals
The gear pump (P1) is directly coupled to the the hydrostat which is driven by the engine. Taking its suction directly from the hydraulic tank, the gear pump (P1)
supplies oil flow to the manifold block and to the cutting
unit motors.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Cutting Unit Blade Braking
Hydraulic
System
Mow
Safety
Cutting Unit Circuit
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
If cutting unit circuit pressure exceeds relief pressure of
3200 PSI (221 bar), solenoid valve (R1) shifts to allow
circuit pressure relief.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 15
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 16
Groundsmaster 3500- D
P3
100 to 150 psi
3000 psi
BI- PASS
VALVE
INTERNAL CASE DRAIN
LOWER
PORT
FORWARD
UPPER
PORT
TOP PORT
HYDROSTAT
M6
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
M4
M5
High Pressure
Low Pressure (Charge)
Return or Suction
Flow
Groundmaster 3500- D
Lift Circuit (Up)
OIL
FILTER
OIL
COOLER
T1
MANIFOLD
BLOCK
G1
T2
D1
CHG
R1
3200 psi
STRAINER
GEAR PUMP
P1 P2
P1
1500 psi
DECK
ON- OFF
M1
BV
LC1
ST
M2
IN
250 psi BACKPRESSURE
LV
G2
CR
CF
B
AUX
OUT
IN
1000 PSI
D
C
V1
OUT LIFT/SIDEWINDER VALVE
A
SIDEWINDER
BULKHEAD
PLATE
M3
M2
M1
R
L
POWER
STEERING
VALVE
STEERING
SIDEWINDER
REAR
LIFT
FRONT
LIFT
REAR
DECK
RIGHT
DECK
LEFT
DECK
When the cutting unit shift lever is released, spring action returns the valve to its original position and bypasses flow back to the hydrostat stopping lift cylinder
movement. The cylinder position is locked in place by
the load holding checks in the lift control valve.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
Hydraulic
System
During conditions of not lifting or lowering cutting units,
flow from the gear pump (P2) is by- passed through the
power steering valve, 2- spool lift/sidewinder valve, and
hydraulic manifold directly to the hydrostat and the
charge relief valve. Flow then returns to the hydraulic
tank.
Product Records
and Manuals
The gear pump (P2) is directly coupled to the hydrostat
through gear pump (P1). It supplies hydraulic pressure
(charge pressure) for operating the power steering system, raising and lowering the cutting units, operating the
sidewinder unit, and maintaining 100 to 150 PSI (6.9 to
10.0 bar) to the low pressure side of the traction circuit.
The pump takes its suction from the hydraulic reservoir.
When the cutting units are to be raised, the 2- spool
valve is positioned by moving the cutting unit shift lever
to RAISE. Flow is directed to cap ends of the lift cylinders. Hydraulic pressure against the cylinder pistons
moves their shafts causing the cutting units to raise. At
the same time, the pistons push the hydraulic fluid out
of the lift cylinders and back through the hydraulic manifold to the hydrostat.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Raise Cutting Units
Safety
Lift Circuit (Up)
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 17
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 18
Groundsmaster 3500- D
P3
100 to 150 psi
3000 psi
BI- PASS
VALVE
UPPER
PORT
TOP PORT
HYDROSTAT
M6
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
INTERNAL CASE DRAIN
LOWER
PORT
FORWARD
M4
M5
High Pressure
Low Pressure (Charge)
Return or Suction
Flow
Groundmaster 3500- D
Lift Circuit (Down)
OIL
FILTER
OIL
COOLER
T1
MANIFOLD
BLOCK
G1
T2
D1
CHG
R1
3200 psi
STRAINER
GEAR PUMP
P1 P2
P1
1500 psi
DECK
ON- OFF
M1
LV
G2
CR
CF
IN
250 psi BACKPRESSURE
BV
LC1
ST
M2
B
AUX
OUT
IN
1000 PSI
D
C
V1
OUT LIFT/SIDEWINDER VALVE
A
SIDEWINDER
BULKHEAD
PLATE
M3
M2
M1
R
L
POWER
STEERING
VALVE
STEERING
SIDEWINDER
REAR
LIFT
FRONT
LIFT
REAR
DECK
RIGHT
DECK
LEFT
DECK
When the cutting unit shift lever is released, spring action returns and detents the valve into the float position
while by- passing flow back to the hydrostat. The pilot
valve remains shifted to allow the lift cylinders to float until the lift control valve is moved to the raise position.
When the cutting units are to be lowered, the 2- spool
valve is positioned by moving the cutting unit shift lever
to LOWER. Pressure from gear pump (P2) is used to
shift the pilot valve in the 2- spool valve. This shifting of
the pilot valve allows hydraulic pressure to relieve from
The logic cartridge valve (LC1) in the manifold block
maintains 250 PSI (17.2 bar) back pressure on the lift
cylinders. This counterbalance pressure transfers cutting unit weight to the machine to improve traction.
Product Records
and Manuals
During conditions of not lifting or lowering cutting units,
flow from the gear pump is by- passed through the power steering valve, 2- spool lift/sidewinder valve, and hydraulic manifold directly to the hydrostat and the charge
relief valve. Flow then returns to gear pump (P1) inlet.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
Hydraulic
System
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Circuit operation for lowering the cutting units is similar
to raising them. However, pressure is relieved from the
lift cylinders, and this action allows them to lower.
the cap end of the lift cylinders. Flow from the cap end
of the lift cylinders causes the cutting units to lower. At
the same time, the fluid relieved from the cap end of the
lift cylinders goes into the rod end of the cylinders and
back through the hydraulic manifold to the hydrostat.
Lower Cutting Units
Safety
Lift Circuit (Down)
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 19
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 20
Groundsmaster 3500- D
100 to 150 psi
3000 psi
P3
BI- PASS
VALVE
INTERNAL CASE DRAIN
LOWER
PORT
FORWARD
UPPER
PORT
TOP PORT
HYDROSTAT
M6
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
M4
M5
High Pressure
Low Pressure (Charge)
Return or Suction
Flow
Groundmaster 3500- D
Sidewinder Circuit (Extend Right)
OIL
FILTER
OIL
COOLER
T1
MANIFOLD
BLOCK
G1
T2
D1
CHG
R1
3200 psi
STRAINER
GEAR PUMP
P1 P2
P1
1500 psi
DECK
ON- OFF
M1
BV
LC1
ST
M2
IN
250 psi BACKPRESSURE
LV
G2
CR
CF
B
AUX
OUT
IN
1000 PSI
D
C
V1
OUT LIFT/SIDEWINDER VALVE
A
SIDEWINDER
BULKHEAD
PLATE
M3
M2
M1
R
L
POWER
STEERING
VALVE
STEERING
SIDEWINDER
REAR
LIFT
FRONT
LIFT
REAR
DECK
RIGHT
DECK
LEFT
DECK
Shift Sidewinder Left
Shift Sidewinder Right
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
When the sidewinder is to be shifted right, the 2- spool
valve is positioned by moving the cutting unit shift lever
to RIGHT. Flow is directed to the cap end of the sidewinder cylinder. Hydraulic pressure against the cylinder
piston moves the rod causing the sidewinder cylinder to
extend right. At the same time, the piston pushes the hy-
When the sidewinder is to be shifted left, the 2- spool
valve is positioned by moving the cutting unit shift lever
to LEFT. Flow is directed to the rod end of the sidewinder
cylinder. Hydraulic pressure against the cylinder piston
moves the rod causing the sidewinder to retract left. At
the same time, the piston pushes the hydraulic fluid out
of the cylinder, back through the spool and hydraulic
manifold, and to the hydrostat. When the cutting unit
shift lever is released, spring action returns the valve to
its original position and by- passes flow back to the hydrostat stopping cylinder movement. The cylinder position is locked in place.
Product Records
and Manuals
During conditions of not lifting or lowering the cutting
units, flow from the gear pump is by- passed through the
power steering valve, 2- spool lift/sidewinder valve, and
hydraulic manifold directly to the hydrostat and the
charge relief valve. Flow then returns to the hydraulic
tank.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
draulic fluid out of the cylinder, back through the spool
and hydraulic manifold, and to the hydrostat. When the
cutting unit shift lever is released, spring action returns
the valve to its original position and by- passes flow back
to the hydrostat and stopping cylinder movement. The
cylinder position is locked in place since there is no complete circuit of flow to and from the sidewinder cylinder.
Hydraulic
System
The gear pump (P2) is directly coupled to the hydrostat
through gear pump (P1). It supplies hydraulic pressure
(charge pressure) for operating the power steering system, raising and lowering the cutting units, operating the
sidewinder unit, and maintaining 100 to 150 PSI (6.9 to
10.0 bar) to the low pressure side of the traction circuit.
The pump takes its suction from the hydraulic reservoir.
Safety
Sidewinder Circuit
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 21
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 22
Groundsmaster 3500- D
P3
100 to 150 psi
3000 psi
BI- PASS
VALVE
M6
UPPER
PORT
TOP PORT
HYDROSTAT
INTERNAL CASE DRAIN
LOWER
PORT
FORWARD
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
M4
M5
High Pressure
Low Pressure (Charge)
Return or Suction
Flow
Groundmaster 3500- D
Steering Circuit (Right Turn)
OIL
FILTER
OIL
COOLER
T1
MANIFOLD
BLOCK
G1
T2
D1
CHG
R1
3200 psi
STRAINER
GEAR PUMP
P1 P2
P1
1500 psi
DECK
ON- OFF
M1
BV
LC1
ST
M2
IN
250 psi BACKPRESSURE
LV
G2
CR
CF
B
AUX
OUT
IN
V1
1000 PSI
OUT LIFT/SIDEWINDER VALVE
A
SIDEWINDER
BULKHEAD
PLATE
D
C
M3
M2
M1
R
L
POWER
STEERING
VALVE
RETRACTS
FOR RIGHT
TURN
STEERING
SIDEWINDER
REAR
LIFT
FRONT
LIFT
REAR
DECK
RIGHT
DECK
LEFT
DECK
The steering control valve returns to the neutral position
when turning is complete.
Product Records
and Manuals
When a left turn is made with the engine running, the
turning of the steering wheel positions the spool valve so
that flow goes through the top of the spool. Flow entering
the steering control valve at the IN port goes through the
spool and is routed to two places. As in a right turn, most
of the flow through the valve is by- passed out the AUX
port back through the 2- spool valve to the hydrostat.
Also like a right turn, the remainder of the flow is drawn
through rotary meter (V1) but goes out port (L). Pressure
extends the piston for a left turn. The rotary meter (V1)
ensures that the oil flow to the cylinder is proportional to
the amount of the turning on the steering wheel. Fluid
leaving the cylinder flows back through the spool valve
then through the OUT port and to the hydrostat.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
When a right turn is made with the engine running, the
turning of the steering wheel positions the spool valve so
that flow goes through the bottom of the spool. Flow entering the steering control valve at the IN port goes
through the spool and is routed to two places. First, most
of the flow through the valve is by- passed out the AUX
port back through the 2- spool valve to the hydrostat.
Second, the remainder of the flow is drawn through the
rotary meter (V1) and out port (R). Pressure retracts the
piston for a right turn. The rotary meter (V1) ensures that
Left Turn
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Right Turn
The steering control valve returns to the neutral position
when turning is complete.
Hydraulic
System
With the steering wheel in the neutral position (rear
wheel positioned straight ahead), the engine running,
and the spool valve in the center position, flow enters the
steering control valve at the IN port and goes through the
spool valve, by- passing the rotary meter (V1) and steering cylinder. Flow leaves the control valve through the
AUX port to the hydrostat to be available for the lift circuit
and then to the hydrostat (charge).
the oil flow to the cylinder is proportional to the amount
of the turning on the steering wheel. Fluid leaving the
cylinder flows back through the spool valve then through
the OUT port and to the hydrostat.
Electrical
System
The gear pump (P2) is directly coupled to the hydrostat.
It supplies hydraulic pressure to the power steering
valve for turning the rear wheel and maintaining 100 to
150 PSI (6.9 to 10.0 Bar) to the low pressure side of the
traction circuit. The pump takes its suction from the hydraulic reservoir.
Safety
Steering Circuit
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 23
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Special Tools
Order these special tools from your Toro Distributor.
Hydraulic Pressure Test Kit
Toro Part Number: TOR47009
Use to take various pressure readings for diagnostic
tests. Quick disconnect fittings provided attach directly
to mating fittings on machine test ports without tools. A
high pressure hose is provided for remote readings.
Contains one each: 1000 PSI (70 Bar), 5000 PSI (350
Bar) and 10000 PSI (700 Bar) gauges. Use gauges as
recommended in Testing section of this chapter.
Figure 44
Hydraulic Tester (Pressure and Flow)
Toro Part Number: TOR214678
This tester requires O- ring Face Seal (ORFS) adapter
fittings for use on this machine (see Hydraulic Test Fitting Kit - TOR4079 in this section).
1. INLET HOSE: Hose connected from the system circuit to the inlet side of the hydraulic tester.
2. LOAD VALVE: A simulated working load is created
in the circuit by turning the valve to restrict flow.
3. LOW PRESSURE GAUGE: Low range gauge to provide accurate reading at low pressure: 0 to 1000 PSI.
A protector valve cuts out when pressure is about to
exceed the normal range for the gauge. The cutout
pressure is adjustable.
Figure 45
4. HIGH PRESSURE GAUGE: High range gauge
which accommodates pressures beyond the capacity of
the low pressure gauge: 0 to 5,000 PSI.
5. FLOW METER: This meter measures actual oil flow
in the operating circuit with a gauge rated at 15 GPM.
6. OUTLET HOSE: A hose from the outlet side of the
hydraulic tester connects to the hydraulic system circuit.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 24
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Hydraulic Test Fitting Kit
Safety
Toro Part Number: TOR4079
This kit includes a variety of O- ring Face Seal fittings to
enable the connection of test gauges into the system.
Product Records
and Manuals
The kit includes: tee’s, unions, reducers, plugs, caps,
and male test fittings.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Figure 46
Measuring Container
Toro Part Number: TOR4077
Hydraulic
System
Use this graduated container for doing hydraulic motor
efficiency testing (motors with case drain lines only).
Measure efficiency of a hydraulic motor by restricting the
outlet flow from the motor and measuring leakage from
the case drain line while the motor is pressurized by the
hydraulic system.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Figure 47
Electrical
System
The table in Figure 48 provides gallons per minute
(GPM) conversion for measured milliliter or ounce leakage.
Figure 48
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 25
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
O- Ring Kit
Toro Part Number: 117- 2727
The kit includes O- rings in a variety of sizes for face seal
and port seal hydraulic connections. It is recommended
that O- rings be replaced whenever a hydraulic connection is loosened.
Figure 49
Wheel Hub Puller
Toro Part Number: TOR4097
The wheel hub puller allows safe removal of the wheel
hub from the shaft of wheel motors.
Figure 50
Hydraulic Hose Kit
Toro Part Number: TOR6007
This kit includes hydraulic fittings and hoses needed to
connect high flow hydraulic filter kit (TOR6011) to machine hydraulic traction system components.
Figure 51
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 26
Groundsmaster 3500- D
High Flow Hydraulic Filter Kit
Safety
Toro Part Number: TOR6011
Figure 52
Hydraulic
System
NOTE: This kit does not include hydraulic hoses (see
Hydraulic Hose Kit TOR6007 above).
Kubota
Diesel Engine
If a component failure occurs in the closed loop traction
circuit, contamination from the failed part will remain in
the circuit until removed. When connecting hydraulic
test gauges in order to test traction circuit components
or after replacing a failed traction circuit component (e.g.
piston pump or wheel motor), the high flow hydraulic filter can be installed in the traction circuit. The filter will
ensure that contaminates are removed from the closed
loop and thus, do not cause additional component damage.
Product Records
and Manuals
The high flow hydraulic filter kit is designed with large
flow (40 GPM/150 LPM) and high pressure (5000
PSI/345 bar) capabilities. This kit provides for bi- directional filtration which prevents filtered debris from being
allowed back into the circuit regardless of flow direction.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
NOTE: Replacement filter element is Toro part number
TOR6012. Filter element cannister tightening torque is
25 ft- lb (34 N- m).
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 27
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Troubleshooting
The charts that follow contain information to assist in
troubleshooting. There may possibly be more than one
cause for a machine malfunction.
Refer to the Testing section of this Chapter for precautions and specific test procedures.
Problem
Possible Cause
Hydraulic oil leaks from system.
Fitting(s), hose(s), or tube(s) are loose or damaged.
O- ring(s) or seal(s) are missing or damaged.
Hydraulic fluid foams.
Oil level in reservoir is low.
Hydraulic system has wrong type of oil.
One of the pump suction lines has an air leak.
Incompatible hydraulic oils mixed in system.
Water in hydraulic system.
Hydraulic system operates hot.
Transmission pressure is high due to load or brakes applied.
Oil level in reservoir is low, or inlet filter is loose or clogged.
Oil is contaminated or oil viscosity is too light.
Oil cooler is damaged or plugged. By- pass relief is stuck open or
air flow is obstructed.
Hydrostat by- pass valve is open or defective.
Charge pressure is low.
Wheel motor(s) or cutting unit motor(s) are worn or damaged.
Traction pump is worn or damaged.
Neutral is difficult to find, or unit operates in one direction only.
External control linkage is misadjusted, disconnected, binding, or
damaged.
Traction pump is worn or damaged.
Traction response is sluggish.
Hydrostat by- pass valve is open or worn.
Brake is not released.
Charge pressure is low. Hydraulic oil is very cold.
Traction pump or wheel motor(s) are worn or damaged.
No traction exists in either direction.
Brake is not released.
Oil level in reservoir is low.
Hydrostat by- pass valve is open.
Traction pump drive belt loose or broken.
Charge pressure is low.
Traction pump or wheel motor(s) are worn or damaged.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 28
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Possible Cause
Wheel motor will not turn.
Brakes are binding.
Key on wheel motor shaft is sheared or missing.
Safety
Problem
Wheel motor will not hold load in
neutral.
Make up fluid from charge pump is not available.
Cutting unit gear pump (P1) is noisy
(cavitation).
Reservoir oil level is low.
Hydrostat ball check valves are damaged.
Suction line is restricted.
Product Records
and Manuals
Internal parts in wheel motor are damaged.
Solenoid valve (R1) is stuck open.
An electrical problem exists (See Chapter 5- Electrical System).
Gear pump (P1) is damaged.
Blades(s) turn too slowly.
Gear pump (P1) is inefficient (see Testing).
Cutting motor has internal leakage or malfunctioning cross- over
relief valve (see Testing).
Hydraulic
System
Blades will not turn.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Suction line has an air leak.
Spindle bearing(s) are damaged.
Cutting units will not lift or lift slowly.
Engine speed is too low.
Electrical
System
Lift cylinder linkage is binding or broken.
Lift cylinder bushings are binding.
Charge pump (P2) pressure or flow is insufficient.
Charge pump (P2) is damaged.
Implement relief valve (1000 PSI) is stuck open.
Lift cylinders leak internally.
Steering control valve is defective.
Cutting units raise, but will not stay
up.
Lift cylinders leak internally.
Steering Problems.
See Ross Troubleshooting Guide in the Hydraguide TM Hydrostatic
Steering System HGF Series Service Procedure or Sauer/Danfoss
Steering Unit Type OSPM Service Manual at the end of this chapter.
Turning steering wheel turns machine in the opposite direction.
Hoses to the steering cylinder are reversed.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Check valve within the lift control valve leaks.
Page 4 - 29
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Reservoir oil level is low.
Testing
The most effective method for isolating problems in the
hydraulic system is by using hydraulic test equipment
such as pressure gauges and flow meters in the circuits
during various operational checks (See the Special
Tools section in this Chapter).
Before Performing Hydraulic Tests
IMPORTANT: All obvious areas such as oil supply,
filter, binding linkages, loose fasteners, or improper
adjustments must be checked before assuming that
a hydraulic component is the source of the problem.
Precautions for Hydraulic Testing
CAUTION
Failure to use gauges with recommended pressure (psi) rating as listed in test procedures
could result in damage to the gauge and possible
personal injury from leaking hot oil.
CAUTION
All testing should be performed by two (2)
people. One person should be in the seat to operate the machine, and the other should read and
record test results.
WARNING
Before disconnecting or performing any work
on the hydraulic system, all pressure in the
system must be relieved. See Relieving Hydraulic System Pressure in the General Information section.
3. The engine must be in good operating condition. Use
a phototac when performing a hydraulic test. Engine
speed can affect the accuracy of the tester readings.
Check actual speed of the pump when performing flow
testing.
4. The inlet and the outlet hoses must be properly connected and not reversed (tester with pressure and flow
capabilities) to prevent damage to the hydraulic tester or
components.
5. When using tester with pressure and flow capabilities, open load valve completely in the hydraulic tester
to minimize the possibility of damaging components.
6. Install fittings finger tight and far enough to make
sure that they are not cross- threaded before tightening
them with a wrench.
7. Position tester hoses to prevent rotating machine
parts from contacting and damaging the hoses or tester.
8. Check oil level in the hydraulic tank. After connecting
test equipment, make sure tank is full.
WARNING
Keep body and hands away from pin hole leaks
or nozzles that eject hydraulic fluid under high
pressure. Do not use hands to search for
leaks; use paper or cardboard. Hydraulic fluid
escaping under pressure can have sufficient
force to penetrate the skin and cause serious
injury. If fluid is injected into the skin, it must
be surgically removed within a few hours by a
doctor familiar with this type of injury. Gangrene may result from such an injury.
1. Clean machine thoroughly before disconnecting or
disassembling any hydraulic components. Always keep
in mind the need for cleanliness when working on hydraulic equipment. Contamination will cause excessive
wear of components.
2. Put metal caps or plugs on any hydraulic lines left
open or exposed during testing or removal of components.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
9. Check control linkages for improper adjustment,
binding, or broken parts.
10.All hydraulic tests should be made with the hydraulic
oil at normal operating temperature.
11. If a traction circuit problem exists, consider performing one or more of the following tests: Traction Circuit
Working Pressure, Charge Relief Valve Pressure, Piston Pump (P3) Flow & Traction Relief Pressure and/or
Wheel Motor Efficiency Tests.
12.If a cutting circuit problem exists, consider performing one or more of the following tests: Cutting Deck Circuit Pressure, Manifold Relief Valve (R1) Pressure,
Logic (Counterbalance) Valve (LC1) Pressure, Gear
Pump (P1) Flow and/or Deck Motor Efficiency Tests.
13.If a steering or lift circuit problem exists, consider performing one or more of the following tests: Steering and
Lift Relief Pressure, Gear Pump (P2) Flow and/or Steering Control Valve Tests.
Page 4 - 30
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
This page is intentionally blank.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 31
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic
System
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
Traction Circuit Working Pressure Test (Using Pressure Gauge)
FORWARD
M5
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
M4
TOP PORT
M6
LOWER
PORT
BI- PASS
VALVE
UPPER
PORT
3000 psi
TRACTION
RELIEF
100 to 150 psi
FROM HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD (CHARGE) PORT
P3
PISTON PUMP
(HYDROSTAT)
TO GEAR PUMP SUCTION
THROUGH CASE DRAIN
High Pressure
Low Pressure
Return or Suction
Flow
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 32
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Procedure for Traction Circuit Working Pressure
Test:
2
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting units
lowered and off. Make sure engine is off.
1
3. Read Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
4. Make sure that traction pedal is adjusted to the neutral position (see Adjust Traction Drive for Neutral in the
Adjustments Section).
Hydraulic tube with plug
2.
Floor plate
Kubota
Diesel Engine
5. Remove plug from hydraulic tube connected to front
wheel motors (Fig. 53). Connect test gauge with a hydraulic hose attached to the hydraulic tube opening.
Make sure hose is long enough so the operator can read
gauge while driving the machine.
Figure 53
1.
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
Hydraulic
System
6. Start engine and move throttle to full speed (3050 +
50 RPM).
CAUTION
Electrical
System
Do not operate sidewinder while performing test.
The test gauge hose may get hit by the sidewinder carrier and rupture, and cause personal injury.
7. Drive machine in the forward direction. Observe test
gauge:
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
A. Pressure while transporting the machine over a
flat, level surface should be about 500 PSI.
B. Pressure driving the machine up a steep hill
should be about 3300 PSI but can reach relief settings (3500 PSI).
C. Pressure while mowing should range between
1000 to 2000 PSI and will vary with terrain conditions.
8. Release traction pedal and turn off machine.
9. Disconnect test gauge and hose from the hydraulic
tube. Install plug into tube opening.
10.If specification is not met, the hydrostat needs to be
repaired or replaced as necessary.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 33
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Piston Pump (P3) Flow and Traction Relief Pressure Test (Using Tester with Pressure
Gauges and Flow Meter)
M5
FORWARD
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
M4
TOP PORT
M6
LOWER
PORT
BI- PASS
VALVE
UPPER
PORT
3000 psi
TRACTION
RELIEF
100 to 150 psi
FROM HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD (CHARGE) PORT
P3
PISTON PUMP
(HYDROSTAT)
TO GEAR PUMP SUCTION
THROUGH CASE DRAIN
High Pressure
Low Pressure
Return or Suction
Flow
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 34
Groundsmaster 3500- D
3. Read Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
B. The relief valve leaks or is faulty and needs replacement.
4. Make sure that traction pedal is adjusted to the neutral position (see Adjust Traction Drive for Neutral in the
Adjustments Section).
C. The hydrostat needs to be repaired or replaced
as necessary.
15.If the traction relief valve tests out properly, verify
pump flow as follows:
CAUTION
One front wheel and the rear wheel will be off the
ground during testing. Make sure machine is
supported so it will not move and accidentally
fall to prevent injuring anyone under machine.
A. Apply traction pedal until pressure gauge reads
1000 PSI. Verify with a phototac that the pump
speed is 2350 RPM (engine speed approximately
2450 RPM).
5. Block up one front traction wheel and the rear wheel
off the floor to allow flow through the traction circuit; disconnect brake linkage to the raised front wheel (see
Wheels and Brakes - Chapter 7).
B. Observe flow gauge. TESTER READING should
be approximately 12.5 GPM.
6. Chock remaining front wheel to prevent movement
of the machine.
7. Attach a heavy chain to the rear of the machine frame
and something immovable in the shop.
8. Make sure parking brake is on.
9. Disconnect hose from the lower hydraulic fitting on
the engine side of the hydrostat (Fig. 54).
10.Install tester in series with the pump and the disconnected hose. Make sure the tester flow control valve is
fully open.
11. Start engine and move throttle to full speed (3050 +
50 RPM).
Safety
16.Release traction pedal and turn off machine.
Note: If pressure is good under no load, but drops below specification when under traction load, the piston
pump and/or wheel motor(s) should be suspected of
wear. When a pump and/or motor is worn or damaged,
the charge pump is not able to keep up with internal leakage in the traction circuit (See Test #3).
17.If specifications are not met, the hydrostat needs to
be repaired or replaced as necessary.
18.Disconnect tester from hydraulic fitting and hose.
Reconnect hose to pump connection.
19.Reconnect brake linkage to wheel (see Wheels and
Brakes - Chapter 7).
CAUTION
2
Use extreme caution when taking gauge readings. The front tire on the ground will be trying to
move the machine forward.
1
12.Slowly push traction pedal fully to forward position.
1.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Kubota
Diesel Engine
A. The traction belt may be worn and slipping (see
Replace Traction Belt).
Product Records
and Manuals
14.If specification is not met consider the following:
Hydraulic
System
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting units
lowered and off. Make sure engine is off.
Page 4 - 35
Figure 54
Lower hydraulic fitting
2.
Piston pump
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Electrical
System
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
13.Verify traction relief valve setting by closing flow control valve on tester. System pressure should be 3500
PSI as the relief valve lifts. If pressure can not be met or
is exceeded with traction pedal fully depressed, release
traction pedal and open flow control valve fully.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Procedure for Piston Pump (P3) Flow and Traction
Relief Pressure Test:
Charge Relief Valve Pressure Test
M5
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
M4
FORWARD
TOP PORT
M6
BI- PASS
VALVE
LOWER
PORT
UPPER
PORT
TO HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD (P1) PORT
3000 psi
FROM HYDRAULIC MANIFOLD
(CHG) PORT
100 to 150 psi
CHARGE RELIEF
TO STEERING CONTROL
VALVE (IN) PORT
P3
ENGINE
P1
P2
RPM
HYDROSTAT
FROM OIL
FILTER
INTERNAL CASE DRAIN
GEAR PUMP
STRAINER
High Pressure
Low Pressure
Return or Suction
Flow
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 36
Groundsmaster 3500- D
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
2
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting units
lowered and off. Make sure engine is off and the parking
brake is engaged.
Figure 55
1.
90o
hydraulic fitting
2.
Piston pump
5. Make sure that traction pedal is in neutral and the
parking brake is engaged.
6. Start engine and operate engine at full speed (3050
+ 50 RPM).
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
and Manuals
1
3. Read Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
4. Disconnect hose to the rear 90o hydraulic fitting on
the piston pump coming from the hydraulic manifold port
(CHG). Connect T- connector and pressure gauge to
the fitting and hose connection.
Safety
Procedure for Charge Relief Valve Pressure Test:
Hydraulic
System
7. Pressure gauge should read from 100 to 150 PSI.
8. If charge relief pressure specification is not met, consider the following:
Electrical
System
A. The piston pump charge relief valve is faulty. Repair or replace the piston pump charge relief valve
(see Piston Pump Service in the Service and Repairs
section).
B. Gear pump (P2) is faulty (steering and lift circuits
are also affected).
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
9. A dynamic charge pressure test can be performed as
follows:
A. With T- connector and pressure gauge still connected, sit in the operator seat and press the traction
pedal to forward.
B. While machine is moving, monitor the charge
pressure reading on the pressure guage.
C. The charge pressure should drop no more than
15% from initial test reading (Step 7 above). A pressure drop of more than 15% indicates a traction circuit leak (e.g. a worn or damaged piston pump
and/or wheel motor).
10.Shut off engine.
11. Disconnect gauge and T- connection from the 90o
hydraulic fitting and hose connection. Reconnect hose
to the hydrostat.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 37
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Gear Pump (P2) Flow Test (Using Tester with Pressure Gauges and Flow Meter)
TO HYDRAULIC MANIFOLD
(P1) PORT
TO STEERING CONTROL
VALVE (IN) PORT
TO TOTO
ENGINE
P1
P2
GEAR PUMP
RPM
FROM HYDROSTAT
CASE DRAIN
FROM OIL FILTER
High Pressure
Low Pressure
STRAINER
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 38
Return or Suction
Flow
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Procedure for Gear Pump (P2) Flow Test:
Safety
2
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
RIGHT
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting units
lowered and off. Make sure engine is off and the parking
brake is engaged.
4. Disconnect hose connection on the gear pump (P2)
leading to the steering control valve (Fig. 56).
1
5. Install tester in series with gear pump and the disconnected hose leading to the steering control valve.
6. Make sure the flow control valve on the tester is fully
open.
Figure 56
1.
Gear pump (P2)
2.
To steering control valve
7. Start engine and move throttle to full speed (3050 +
50 RPM). Do not engage the cutting units.
Hydraulic
System
IMPORTANT: In this test, the hydraulic tester is
positioned before the manifold relief valve. Pump
damage can occur if the oil flow is fully restricted by
fully closing the tester flow control valve. Do not
close tester valve fully when performing test.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
3. Read Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
Product Records
and Manuals
FRONT
Electrical
System
8. Watch pressure gauge carefully while slowly closing
the flow control valve until 800 PSI is obtained. Verify
with a phototac that the pump speed is 3100 RPM while
maintaining 800 PSI.
9. Flow indication should be 3.6 GPM minimum.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
10.Shut off engine.
NOTE: If necessary, Steering and Lift Relief Pressure
Test can be conducted with tester as placed for this test.
11. If flow was less than 3.6 GPM or a pressure of 800
PSI cannot be obtained, check for restriction in the pump
intake line. If line is not restricted, remove gear pump
(P2) and repair or replace as necessary.
12.Disconnect tester from gear pump fitting and hose.
Reconnect hose to the pump.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 39
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Wheel Motor Efficiency Test (Using Tester with Pressure Gauges and Flow Meter)
M5
FRONT WHEEL MOTOR TESTING SHOWN
FORWARD
TRACTION WHEEL
MOTORS
M4
TOP PORT
M6
LOWER
PORT
UPPER
PORT
DUMP
VALVE
3000 psi
TRACTION
RELIEF
100 to 150 psi
FROM HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD (CHG) PORT
P3
PISTON PUMP
(HYDROSTAT)
TO GEAR PUMP SUCTION
THROUGH CASE DRAIN
High Pressure
Low Pressure
Return or Suction
Flow
Figure 57
NOTE: Over a period of time, a wheel motor can wear
internally. A worn motor may by- pass oil to its case drain
causing the motor to be less efficient. Eventually,
enough oil loss will cause the wheel motor to stall under
heavy load conditions. Continued operation with a worn,
inefficient motor can generate excessive heat, cause
damage to seals and other components in the hydraulic
system, and affect overall machine performance.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 40
Groundsmaster 3500- D
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes. Make sure the hydraulic tank is full.
2
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting units
lowered and off. Make sure engine is off and the parking
brake is engaged.
WARNING
The rear wheel will be off the ground during front
wheel motor testing. Make sure machine is supported so it will not move and accidentally fall to
prevent injuring anyone under machine.
6. Block up the rear wheel off the ground to allow flow
through the traction circuit.
7. Chock front wheel being tested to prevent rotation of
the wheel. Make sure parking brake is on.
8. Disconnect hydraulic lines from front wheel motor
that is not being tested. Cap disconnected hydraulic
lines and plug ports in wheel motor to prevent contamination.
9. Disconnect hose from the lower hydraulic fitting on
the bottom of the hydrostat (Fig. 58).
NOTE: An alternate testing location would be at the hydraulic hose connection to the hydraulic tube under the
left floor plate.
10.Install flow tester in series with the pump and the disconnected hose. Make sure the tester flow control valve
is fully open.
11. Start engine and move throttle to full speed (3050 +
50 RPM).
12.Slowly push traction pedal in forward direction until
1000 PSI is displayed on the pressure gauge.
13.Motor internal leakage will be shown on flow meter
in GPM. Flow should be less than 1.5 GPM for the
tested wheel motor.
14.If specifications are not met, the tested wheel motor
needs to be repaired or replaced as necessary.
15.If remaining front wheel motor requires testing, complete steps 5 to 14 for the remaining motor.
16.If rear wheel motor requires testing:
A. Both front wheel motors should have hydraulic
lines connected. Block up both front wheels off the
ground. Release parking brake so front wheels can
turn.
B. Attach a heavy chain to the rear of the machine
frame and an immovable object to prevent the machine from moving during testing.
C. Position rear wheel on the ground and chock rear
wheel to prevent it from turning.
D. Complete steps 9 to 13.
E. If specifications are not met, check the relief valve
in the rear wheel motor for damage. If relief valve is
not damaged, wheel motor needs to be repaired or
replaced.
17.Disconnect tester from hydraulic fitting and hose.
Reconnect hose to pump connection.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 41
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Use extreme caution when performing test. The
front tire on the ground will be trying to move the
machine forward.
Hydraulic
System
CAUTION
Electrical
System
5. Attach a heavy chain to the rear of the machine frame
and an immovable object to prevent the machine from
moving during testing.
2. Piston pump
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Figure 58
1. Lower hydraulic fitting
Product Records
and Manuals
1
3. Read Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
4. Make sure that traction pedal is adjusted to the neutral position (see Adjust Traction Drive for Neutral in the
Adjustments Section).
Safety
Procedure for Wheel Motor Efficiency Test:
Cutting Deck Circuit Pressure Test
TO HYDRAULIC
TANK
D1
FROM DECK MOTOR
CASE DRAINS
TO LEFT FRONT
DECK MOTOR
FROM REAR
M2
DECK MOTOR
M1
T2
1500 psi
HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD
BLOCK
DECK
ON- OFF
G1
TO OIL
COOLER
BV
R1
3200 psi
T1
CF
FROM FRONT LIFT
CYLINDER
CR
FROM REAR LIFT
CYLINDER
LC1
G2
P1
CHG
ST
TO HYDROSTAT
CHARGE CIRCUIT
FROM STEERING CONTROL
VALVE (OUT) PORT
P1 P2
GEAR PUMP
FROM HYDROSTAT
INTERNAL CASE DRAIN
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
FROM LIFT VALVE
(OUT) PORT
TO STEERING CONTROL
VALVE (IN) PORT
ENGINE
RPM
FROM OIL FILTER
LV
High Pressure
Low Pressure
STRAINER
Page 4 - 42
Return or Suction
Flow
Groundsmaster 3500- D
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
Safety
Procedure for Cutting Deck Circuit Pressure Test:
1
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting units
lowered and off. Make sure engine is off and the parking
brake is engaged.
Product Records
and Manuals
2
3. Read Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
4. Remove plug from hydraulic manifold port (G1).
Figure 59
Hydraulic manifold
2.
Manifold port (G1)
Kubota
Diesel Engine
1.
CAUTION
Keep away from decks during test to prevent personal injury from the cutting blades.
Hydraulic
System
1
6. Start engine and move throttle to full speed (3050 +
50 RPM). Engage the cutting units.
7. Watch pressure gauge carefully while mowing with
the machine.
8. Cutting circuit pressure should be from 1000 to 1500
PSI and will vary depending on mowing conditions.
Electrical
System
2
9. Disengage cutting units. Shut off engine.
10.Disconnect test gauge with hose from manifold
block. Reconnect plug to the hydraulic manifold port
(G1).
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Figure 60
1.
Page 4 - 43
Hydraulic manifold
2.
Manifold port (G1)
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
5. Install test gauge with hydraulic hose attached to the
manifold port (G1).
Gear Pump (P1) Flow Test (Using Tester with Pressure Gauges and Flow Meter)
TO HYDRAULIC MANIFOLD
(P1) PORT
TO STEERING CONTROL
VALVE (IN) PORT
TO TOTO
ENGINE
P1
P2
RPM
GEAR PUMP
FROM HYDROSTAT
CASE DRAIN
FROM OIL FILTER
STRAINER
High Pressure
Low Pressure
Return or Suction
Flow
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 44
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Procedure for Gear Pump (P1) Flow Test:
Safety
2
Note: Over a period of time, the gears and wear plates
in the pump can wear. A worn pump will by pass oil and
make the pump less efficient. Eventually, enough oil loss
will occur to cause the cutting unit motors to stall under
heavy cutting conditions. Continued operation with a
worn, inefficient pump can generate excessive heat and
cause damage to the seals and other components in the
hydraulic system.
RIGHT
1
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting units
lowered and off. Make sure engine is off and the parking
brake is engaged.
Figure 61
1.
3. Read Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
Gear pump (P1)
2.
To hydraulic manifold
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
and Manuals
FRONT
4. Disconnect hose connection on the gear pump (P1)
leading to port (P1) on the hydraulic manifold (Fig. 61).
Hydraulic
System
5. Install tester in series with the gear pump and the disconnected hose leading to port (P1) on the hydraulic
manifold.
6. Make sure the flow control valve on the tester is fully
open.
Electrical
System
7. Start engine and move throttle to full speed (3050 +
50 RPM). Do not engage the cutting units.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
IMPORTANT: In this test, the hydraulic tester is
positioned before the manifold relief valve. Pump
damage can occur if the oil flow is fully restricted by
fully closing the tester flow control valve. Do not
close tester valve fully when performing test.
8. Watch pressure gauge carefully while slowly closing
the flow control valve until 2000 PSI is obtained. Do not
close tester load valve fully. Verify with a phototac that
the pump speed is 3100 RPM while maintaining 2000
PSI.
9. Flow indication should be 11.8 GPM minimum.
10.Shut off engine.
11. Disconnect tester from gear pump fitting and hose.
Reconnect hose to the pump.
12.If flow was less than 11.8 GPM or a pressure of 2000
PSI cannot be obtained, check for restriction in the pump
intake line. If line is not restricted, remove gear pump
(P1) and repair or replace as necessary.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 45
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Manifold Relief Valve (R1) Pressure Test
FROM DECK MOTOR
CASE DRAINS
TO LEFT FRONT
DECK MOTOR
TO HYDRAULIC
TANK
D1
FROM REAR
DECK MOTOR
M2
M1
T2
1500 psi
BV
HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD
BLOCK
G1
DECK
ON- OFF
R1
3200 psi
TO OIL
COOLER
T1
CF
FROM FRONT LIFT
CYLINDER
CR
FROM REAR LIFT
CYLINDER
LC1
G2
P1
CHG
ST
TO HYDROSTAT
CHARGE CIRCUIT
P1 P2
FROM STEERING CONTROL
VALVE (OUT) PORT
GEAR PUMP
High Pressure
Low Pressure
Return or Suction
FROM OIL FILTER
STRAINER
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
FROM LIFT VALVE
(OUT) PORT
TO STEERING CONTROL
VALVE (IN) PORT
ENGINE
RPM
FROM HYDROSTAT
INTERNAL CASE DRAIN
LV
Page 4 - 46
Flow
Groundsmaster 3500- D
1
2
Product Records
and Manuals
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting units
lowered and off. Make sure engine is off and the parking
brake is engaged.
3. Read Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
4. Disconnect hose connection from hydraulic fitting on
manifold port (M1) (Figure 62).
Note: An alternative to using manifold port (M1) would
be to disconnect the inlet hydraulic hose to the front, left
deck motor. The motor inlet is opposite from the relief
valve on the motor (Figure 64).
Figure 62
1.
Hydraulic manifold
2.
Manifold port (M1)
5. Install tester in series with the hose and hydraulic fitting. Make sure the flow control valve on tester is fully
open.
Hydraulic
System
1
CAUTION
Keep away from decks during test to prevent personal injury from the cutting blades.
Electrical
System
2
6. Start engine and move throttle to full speed (3050 +
50 RPM). Engage the cutting units.
Figure 63
1.
Hydraulic manifold
2.
Manifold port (M1)
8. System pressure should be from 3350 to 3600 PSI
as the relief valve lifts.
3
A. If specification is not met, shut off engine and
clean or replace SRV valve (R1). Return to step 5.
B. If this specification is met, proceed to step 9.
9. Disengage cutting units. Shut off engine.
10.Disconnect tester from manifold and hose. Reconnect hydraulic hose that was disconnected for test procedure.
2
1
Figure 64
1. Hydraulic deck motor
2. Inlet hose
Page 4 - 47
3. Relief valve
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
7. Watch pressure gauge carefully while slowly closing
the flow control valve to fully closed.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Kubota
Diesel Engine
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
Safety
Procedure for Manifold Relief Valve (R1) Pressure
Test:
Logic (Counterbalance) Valve (LC1) Pressure Test
TO HYDRAULIC
TANK
D1
FROM DECK MOTOR
CASE DRAINS
TO LEFT FRONT
DECK MOTOR
FROM REAR
M2
DECK MOTOR
M1
T2
1500 psi
BV
DECK
ON- OFF
HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD
BLOCK
G1
R1
3200 psi
TO OIL
COOLER
T1
CF
FROM FRONT LIFT
CYLINDER
CR
FROM REAR LIFT
CYLINDER
LC1
G2
P1
CHG
ST
TO HYDROSTAT
CHARGE CIRCUIT
FROM STEERING CONTROL
VALVE (OUT) PORT
P1 P2
GEAR PUMP
FROM HYDROSTAT
INTERNAL CASE DRAIN
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
FROM LIFT VALVE
(OUT) PORT
TO STEERING CONTROL
VALVE (IN) PORT
ENGINE
RPM
FROM OIL FILTER
LV
High Pressure
Low Pressure
STRAINER
Page 4 - 48
Return or Suction
Flow
Groundsmaster 3500- D
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
1
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting units
lowered and off. Make sure engine is off and the parking
brake is engaged.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
2
3. Read Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
4. Remove plug from hydraulic manifold port (G2) (Fig.
65 and 66).
5. Install test gauge with hydraulic hose attached to
port (G2).
Figure 65
1.
Hydraulic manifold
2.
Manifold port (G2)
Hydraulic
System
CAUTION
Keep away from decks during test to prevent personal injury from the cutting blades.
1
Electrical
System
6. Start engine and move throttle to full speed (3050 +
50 RPM). Do not engage or raise the cutting units.
7. The standard counterbalance pressure should be
250 PSI with a range of 180 to 300 psi. Adjustment of the
Logic valve (LC1) can be performed as follows:
2
Note: Do not remove the Logic valve from the hydraulic manifold for adjustment.
Figure 66
A. Remove hex cap from logic valve (Fig. 67).
1.
Hydraulic manifold
2.
Manifold port (G2)
B. Loosen locknut.
3
C. To increase pressure setting, turn the adjustment shaft on the valve in a clockwise direction. A 1/8
turn on the shaft will make a measurable change in
counterbalance pressure.
2
D. To decrease pressure setting, turn the adjustment shaft on the valve in a counterclockwise direction. A 1/8 turn on the shaft will make a measurable
change in counterbalance pressure.
1
E. Tighten locknut. Check counterbalance pressure
and readjust as needed.
F. Replace hex cap to Logic valve (LC1).
Figure 67
1.
2.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Safety
9. Disconnect test gauge with hose from manifold
block. Reconnect plug to the hydraulic manifold port
(G2).
Product Records
and Manuals
NOTE: If the counterbalance system is functioning, the
machine should normally settle slightly when the engine
is started.
8. Lower cutting units. Shut off engine.
Page 4 - 49
Manifold assembly
Logic valve (LC1)
3.
Hex cap
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Procedure for Logic (Counterbalance) Valve (LC1)
Pressure Test:
Deck Motor Efficiency - Case Drain Test (Using Tester with Pressure Gauges and Flow
Meter)
TO HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD PORT (D1)
FROM HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD PORT (M1)
LEFT
DECK MOTOR
RIGHT
DECK MOTOR
MEASURING
CONTAINER
High Pressure
TO HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD PORT (M2)
REAR
DECK MOTOR
Low Pressure
Return or Suction
Flow
Toro # TOR4077
Note: Over a period of time, a deck motor can wear internally. A worn motor may by- pass oil to its case drain
causing the motor to be less efficient. Eventually,
enough oil loss will cause the deck motor to stall under
heavy cutting conditions. Continued operation with a
worn, inefficient motor can generate excessive heat,
cause damage to seals and other components in the hydraulic system, and affect quality of cut.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Note: One method to identify a possibly bad deck motor is to have another person observe the machine while
mowing in dense turf. A bad motor will run slower, produce fewer clippings, and could cause a different appearance in the turf.
Page 4 - 50
Groundsmaster 3500- D
11. Stop cutting units by positioning the PTO switch to
the DISENGAGE position. Stop engine.
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes. Make sure the hydraulic tank is full.
12.Identify amount of oil collected in the container. Record test results.
3. Park the machine on a level surface with the cutting
units raised and off. Make sure engine is off and the
parking brake is engaged.
14.Relieve hydraulic system pressure (See Relieving
Hydraulic System Pressure in the General Information
section). Disconnect tester from motor and hose. Reconnect hydraulic hoses.
4. Read Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
15.Repeat test with other deck motors as needed.
Note: The deck motors are connected in series. To
isolate a faulty motor, you may have to test all three motors in the circuit by starting with the upstream motor
first.
16.Install cutting blades after testing is completed (see
Cutting Unit Operator’s Manual).
4
5. For the suspected bad deck motor, disconnect return
hose from the motor. Note: the return hose is on the motor side that includes the relief valve (Fig. 68).
Hydraulic
System
3
6. Install hydraulic tester (pressure and flow) in series
with the motor and the disconnected return hose. Make
sure the tester flow control valve is fully open.
2
7. Disconnect hose from deck motor case drain at the
bulkhead T- fitting (Fig. 69). Plug the T- fitting. Place
open end of disconnected case drain hose into a drain
pan.
Electrical
System
1
Figure 68
1. Deck motor
2. Return line
3. Relief valve
4. Case drain hose
3
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
8. One person should sit on the seat and operate the
machine while another person reads the tester and
measures deck motor case drain leakage. Make sure
traction pedal is in NEUTRAL. Start engine and move
the throttle to full speed (3050 + 50 RPM).
2
CAUTION
5
Keep away from decks during test to prevent personal injury from rotating parts.
6
RIGHT
9. Engage decks by positioning the PTO switch to the
ENGAGE position. While watching hydraulic tester
pressure gauge, slowly close flow control valve until a
pressure of 1200 PSI is obtained.
10.After achieving 1200 PSI, place disconnected motor
case drain hose into a container graduated in ounces or
milliliters (e.g. Toro #TOR4077) and collect hydraulic
fluid for 15 seconds. After 15 seconds, remove hose end
from container.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Product Records
and Manuals
13.If flow was greater than 22.4 ounces (662 milliliters), repair or replace the tested deck motor.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
2. Remove blades from all cutting decks. Lower the cutting units.
Safety
Procedure for Deck Motor Efficiency - Case Drain
Test:
1
1
FRONT
4
Figure 69
1. Deck motor
2. Rear case drain hose
3. Rear T- fitting
Page 4 - 51
4. Front LH case drain
5. Front RH case drain
6. Front T- fitting
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Lift and Steering Control Valve Relief Pressure Test
TO HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD
(ST) PORT
TO LIFT VALVE
(IN) PORT
L
V1
OUT
1000 psi
STEERING
IN
R
AUX
TO HYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD
(P1) PORT
POWER
STEERING
VALVE
GEAR PUMP
ENGINE
RPM
P1
P2
STRAINER
High Pressure
FROM
OIL FILTER
Low Pressure
Return or Suction
Flow
FROM HYDROSTAT
INTERNAL CASE DRAIN
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 52
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Procedure for Lift and Steering Control Valve Relief
Pressure Test:
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
Safety
2
RIGHT
1
4. Disconnect hose connection on gear pump (P2)
leading to the steering control valve (Fig. 70).
5. Install T- connector with test gauge in series with the
discharge of the gear pump and the disconnected hose
leading to the steering control valve.
Figure 70
1.
Gear pump (P2)
2.
To steering control valve
6. Make sure steering wheel is positioned so the rear
wheel points directly ahead.
Hydraulic
System
7. Start engine and move throttle to full speed (3050 +
50 RPM).
Kubota
Diesel Engine
3. Read Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
Product Records
and Manuals
FRONT
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting units
lowered and off. Make sure engine is off and the parking
brake is engaged.
IMPORTANT: Do not allow pressure to exceed 1500
PSI.
Electrical
System
IMPORTANT: Hold steering wheel at full lock only
long enough to get a system pressure reading.
Holding the steering wheel against the stop for an
extended period may damage the steering control
valve.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
8. Watch pressure gauge carefully while turning the
steering wheel completely in one direction and holding.
9. System pressure should be from 845 to 995 PSI as
the relief valve lifts. Return steering wheel to the center
position. If specification is not met, shut off engine and
repair or replace steering control valve.
10.Disconnect T- connector with test gauge from pump
connection and hose. Reconnect hydraulic hose to gear
pump (P2).
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 53
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Steering Control Valve Test
STEERING
CYLINDER
OPEN FITTING
PLUG
AUX
OUT
IN
1000 psi
V1
L
R
POWER
STEERING
VALVE (LEFT TURN)
High Pressure
Low Pressure
Return or Suction
Flow
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 54
Groundsmaster 3500- D
3. Drive machine slowly in a figure eight on a flat level
surface.
A. There should be no shaking or vibration in the
steering wheel or rear wheel.
B. Steering wheel movements should be followed
immediately by a corresponding rear wheel movement without the steering wheel continuing to turn.
4. Stop unit with the engine running. Turn steering
wheel with small quick movements in both directions.
Let go of the steering wheel after each movement.
A. The steering control valve should respond to
each steering wheel movement.
D. Read Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
E. Remove hydraulic hose from the 90o fitting on the
rod end of the steering cylinder. Plug the end of the
hose.
F. With the engine off, continue turning the steering
wheel to the left (counterclockwise) with the steering
cylinder fully extended. Observe the open fitting on
the steering cylinder as the wheel is turned. If oil
comes out of the fitting while turning the steering
wheel to the left, the steering cylinder has internal
leakage and must be repaired or replaced.
Safety
G. Remove plug from the hydraulic hose. Reconnect hose to the steering cylinder fitting.
6. If steering problem exists and steering cylinder
tested acceptably, steering control requires service (see
Steering Control Valve and Steering Control Valve Service in the Service and Repairs section).
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
B. When steering wheel is released, steering control
should return to the neutral position with no additional turning.
C. Turn engine off.
Product Records
and Manuals
NOTE: This steering test procedure will be affected by
incorrect rear tire pressure, binding in the hydraulic
steering cylinder, extra weight on the vehicle, and/or
binding of the steering fork assembly. Make sure that
these items are checked before proceeding with any hydraulic testing procedure.
B. Turn the steering wheel all the way to the left
(counterclockwise) so the steering cylinder rod is fully extended.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
2. Perform the Lift and Steering Control Valve Relief
Pressure and Gear Pump (P2) Flow tests to make sure
that pump and relief valve are functioning correctly.
A. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting
units lowered and off. Make sure engine is off and the
parking brake is engaged.
Hydraulic
System
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
5. If either of these performance tests indicate a steering problem, determine if the steering cylinder is faulty
using the following procedure.
Electrical
System
Procedure for Steering Control Valve Test:
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 55
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Adjustments
Adjust Traction Drive for Neutral
If the machine creeps when the traction pedal is in the
neutral position, the traction adjustment cam needs adjustment.
4. Start engine and rotate cam hex in both directions to
determine mid position of neutral span. When properly
set, neither wheel that is off the floor should turn.
1. Park the machine on a level surface and turn the engine off.
5. Tighten locknut to secure adjustment.
WARNING
One front wheel and rear wheel must be raised
off the ground or the machine will move during
adjustment. Make sure machine is supported
so it will not accidentally fall injuring anyone
under machine.
6. Stop engine.
7. Remove support blocks and lower the machine to
the ground. Test drive the machine to make sure it does
not move when in the neutral position. Readjust if necessary.
2. Raise one front wheel and rear wheel off floor and
place support blocks under frame.
3. Loosen locknut on traction adjustment cam.
WARNING
Engine must be running so final adjustment of
the traction adjustment cam can be performed.
To guard against possible personal injury,
keep hands, feet, face and other parts of the
body away from the muffler, other hot parts of
the engine, and any rotating parts.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
1
2
Figure 71
1.
Page 4 - 56
Adjustment cam
2.
Lock nut
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Braking Valve Adjustment
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
The braking valve (BV) on the hydraulic manifold controls the stopping time for the cutting deck blades. The
braking valve is adjustable. If adjustment of the braking
valve is correct, the cutting deck blades should come to
a complete stop within 7 seconds after the PTO switch
is disengaged.
2
If blade stopping time is incorrect, adjustment of the
braking valve (BV) can be performed as follows:
NOTE: Do not remove the braking valve from the hydraulic manifold for adjustment.
1
2. To decrease blade stopping time, turn the adjustment shaft on the valve in a counterclockwise direction.
Figure 72
1.
Manifold assembly
2.
Braking valve (BV)
Hydraulic
System
3. To increase blade stopping time, turn the adjustment shaft on the valve in a clockwise direction.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
1. Loosen lock nut on braking valve (Fig. 72).
4. Tighten lock nut to secure adjustment.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
5. Check blade stopping time and readjust braking
valve as needed.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 57
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Service and Repairs
General Precautions for Removing and Installing Hydraulic System Components
Before Repair or Replacement of Components
After Repair or Replacement of Components
1. Before removing any parts from the hydraulic system, park machine on a level surface, engage parking
brake, lower cutting units or attachments, and stop engine. Remove key from the ignition switch.
1. Check oil level in the hydraulic reservoir and add correct oil if necessary. Drain and refill hydraulic system
reservoir, and change oil filter if component failure was
severe or system is contaminated (see Flush Hydraulic
System).
2. Clean machine before disconnecting, removing, or
disassembling any hydraulic components. Make sure
hydraulic components, hoses, connections, and fittings
are cleaned thoroughly. Always keep in mind the need
for cleanliness when working on hydraulic components.
CAUTION
Operate all hydraulic controls to relieve system
pressure and avoid injury from pressurized hydraulic oil. Controls must be operated with the
ignition switch in RUN and the engine OFF. Make
sure all electrically operated control valves are
actuated. Return ignition switch to OFF when
pressure has been relieved. Remove key from
the ignition switch.
3. Put caps or plugs on any hydraulic lines, hydraulic fittings, and components left open or exposed to prevent
contamination.
2. Lubricate O- rings and seals with clean hydraulic oil
before installing hydraulic components.
3. Make sure caps or plugs are removed from the hydraulic tubes, hydraulic fittings, and components before
reconnecting.
4. Use proper tightening methods when installing hydraulic hoses and fittings (see Hydraulic Fitting Installation).
5. After repairs, check control linkages or cables for
proper adjustment, binding, or broken parts.
6. After disconnecting or replacing any hydraulic components, operate machine functions slowly until air is
out of system (see Charge Hydraulic System).
7. Check for hydraulic oil leaks. Shut off engine and correct leaks if necessary. Check oil level in hydraulic reservoir and add correct oil if necessary.
4. Put labels on disconnected hydraulic lines and
hoses for proper installation after repairs are completed.
5. Note the position of hydraulic fittings (especially elbow fittings) on hydraulic components before removal.
Mark parts if necessary to make sure they will be aligned
properly when reinstalling hydraulic hoses and tubes.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 58
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Change hydraulic fluid after every 400 operating hours
or yearly, under normal conditions. If fluid becomes contaminated, the complete hydraulic system must be
flushed (see Flush Hydraulic System). Contaminated
fluid looks milky or black when compared to clean oil.
1. Position machine on a level surface, lower the cutting units, stop the engine, engage the parking brake
and remove key from ignition switch.
2. Thoroughly clean area around the hydraulic suction
hose at gear pump (Fig. 73). Disconnect suction hose
and let hydraulic fluid flow into drain pan. Reinstall hose
when hydraulic fluid stops draining.
Figure 73
1.
Gear pump
2.
Suction hose from tank
2
Hydraulic
System
IMPORTANT: Use only hydraulic fluids specified.
Other fluids could cause system damage.
4. Install hydraulic tank cap. Start engine and use all hydraulic controls to distribute hydraulic fluid throughout
the system. Also, check for leaks, then stop the engine.
5. Check level of hydraulic fluid and add enough fluid to
raise level to FULL mark on dipstick. DO NOT OVER
FILL.
Electrical
System
1
Figure 74
1.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 59
Hydraulic tank
2.
Cap
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
3. Fill hydraulic tank with approximately 6 gallons (22.6
liters) of hydraulic fluid. Refer to Check Hydraulic Fluid.
2
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
and Manuals
1
Safety
Change Hydraulic Fluid
Replace Hydraulic Oil Filter
The hydraulic system oil filter must be changed initially,
after the first 10 hours of operation, and thereafter every
200 hours of operation or yearly, whichever comes first.
Use a genuine Toro oil filter (Part No. 54- 0110) for replacement.
1
IMPORTANT: Use of any other filter may void the
warranty on some components.
1. Position machine on a level surface, lower the cutting units, stop the engine, engage the parking brake
and remove key from ignition switch.
2
2. Clamp hose leading to the oil filter head from the hydraulic tank to prevent draining the hydraulic tank.
3. Clean area around filter mounting surface. Place
drain pan under filter and remove filter. Properly dispose
of filter.
Figure 75
1.
Hydraulic oil filter
2.
Rear wheel
4. Fill the new filter with hydraulic fluid and lubricate filter gasket.
5. Assure filter mounting surface is clean. Screw filter
on until filter gasket contacts mounting plate. Then tighten filter an additional 3/4 turn.
6. Fill hydraulic tank with approximately 6 gallons (22.6
liters) of hydraulic fluid. Refer to Change Hydraulic
Fluid. Remove clamp from hydraulic hose.
7. Start engine and let run for about two minutes to
purge air from the hydraulic system. Stop the engine,
check for leaks, and re- check hydraulic fluid level.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 60
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Replace Traction Belt
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch. Raise hood.
3
1
4
2. Insert nut driver or small piece of pipe onto the end
of the torsion spring of the idler pulley.
5
6
CAUTION
Be careful when removing or applying tension
from or to the torsion spring of the idler pulley.
The spring is under heavy load and may cause
personal injury.
3. Push down and forward on the spring end to unhook
the spring from the pump mounting plate.
2
Figure 76
1. Torsion spring
2. Idler pulley
3. Pump mounting plate
4. V- belt
5. Flywheel pulley
6. Hydrostat pulley
4. Remove V- belt from the engine flywheel and hydrostat pulleys.
5. Install new V- belt onto the engine flywheel and hydrostat pulleys.
6. Insert nut driver or small piece of pipe onto the end
of the torsion spring of the idler pulley.
7. Push down and back on the spring end to get the
spring under the pump mounting plate notch. Then release the spring slowly to lock it into place.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 61
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Product Records
and Manuals
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
Hydraulic
System
Keep body and hands away from pin hole leaks
or nozzles that eject hydraulic fluid under high
pressure. Use paper or cardboard, not hands, to
search for leaks. Hydraulic fluid escaping under
pressure can have sufficient force to penetrate
the skin and cause serious injury. If fluid is injected into the skin, it must be surgically removed within a few hours by a doctor familiar
with this type of injury. Gangrene may result from
such an injury.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
WARNING
Check hydraulic lines and hoses daily for leaks, kinked
lines, loose mounting supports, wear, loose fittings,
weather deterioration and chemical deterioration. Make
any necessary repairs before operating equipment.
Safety
Check Hydraulic Lines and Hoses
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 62
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Flush Hydraulic System
IMPORTANT: Flush the hydraulic system any time
there is a severe component failure or if the system
is contaminated (oil appears milky, black, or contains metal particles).
IMPORTANT: Flush hydraulic system when changIng from petroleum base hydraulic fluid to a biodegradable fluid such as Toro Biodegradable
Hydraulic Fluid. Operate machine under normal operating conditions for at least four (4) hours before
draining.
IMPORTANT: If a component failure occurred in the
traction circuit, refer to Traction Circuit (Closed
Loop) Component Failure in the General Information section for information regarding the importance of removing contamination from the traction
circuit.
1. Park machine on a level surface. Lower cutting units,
stop engine, and engage parking brake. Remove key
from the ignition switch.
WARNING
6. Reconnect all hydraulic hoses, lines, and components that were disconnected while draining system.
NOTE: Use only hydraulic fluids specified in Check Hydraulic System Fluid. Other fluids may cause system
damage. If changing to biodegradable fluid, use Toro
Biodegradable Hydraulic Fluid for this step.
7. Fill hydraulic tank with new hydraulic fluid (see
Change Hydraulic Fluid).
8. Disconnect fuel stop solenoid lead to prevent the engine from starting. Make sure traction pedal and the lift
control lever are in the neutral position.
9. Turn ignition key switch and engage starter for ten
(10) seconds to prime the traction and gear pumps. Wait
fifteen (15) seconds to allow the starter motor to cool and
then repeat cranking procedure again.
10.Connect electrical connector on fuel stop solenoid.
11. Start engine and let it idle at low speed (1750 + 50
RPM) for a minimum of 2 minutes. Increase engine
speed to high idle (3050 + 50 RPM) for a minimum of 1
minute under no load.
Before disconnecting or performing any work
on the hydraulic system, all pressure in the
system must be relieved. See Relieving Hydraulic System Pressure in the General Information section.
12.Raise and lower cutting units several times. Turn
steering wheel fully left and right several times.
IMPORTANT: Make sure to clean around any hydraulic connections that will be disassembled.
14.Operate the machine for 2 hours under normal operating conditions.
2. Drain hydraulic tank (see Change Hydraulic Fluid).
15.Check condition of hydraulic oil. If the new fluid
shows any signs of contamination, repeat steps 1
through 14 again until oil is clean. If changing to biodegradable fluid, repeat steps 1 through 14 again at least
once and until the oil is clean.
3. Drain hydraulic system. Drain all hoses, tubes, and
components while the system is warm.
4. Change and replace oil filter (see Replace Hydraulic
Oil Filter).
5. Inspect and clean hydraulic oil tank (see Hydraulic
Tank Inspection).
Groundsmaster 3500- D
13.Shut off engine and check for hydraulic oil leaks.
Check oil level in hydraulic tank and add correct amount
of oil if necessary.
16.Assume normal operation and follow recommended
maintenance intervals.
Page 4 - 63
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Filtering Closed- Loop Traction Circuit
Filtering of a closed- loop hydraulic system after a major
component failure (e.g. traction (piston) pump or wheel
motor) is a requirement to prevent debris from transmitting throughout the system. If a closed- loop hydraulic
system filtering tool is not used (to ensure system cleanliness) repeat failures and subsequent damage to other
hydraulic components in the system will occur. To effectively remove contamination from closed- loop traction
circuit, use of the Toro high flow hydraulic filter and hydraulic hose kit are recommended (see Special Tools in
this chapter).
1. Park machine on a level surface, stop engine and remove key from ignition switch.
WARNING
Before jacking up the machine, review and follow
Jacking Instructions in Chapter 1 - Safety.
2. Raise and support machine so all wheels are off the
ground.
NOTE: If a wheel motor was replaced, install high flow
filter to the inlet (when traveling forward) of new wheel
motor instead of to the inlet (when traveling forward) of
the traction pump. This will prevent system contamination from entering and damaging the new motor.
3. Thoroughly clean junction of hydraulic hose and
lower fitting on rear wheel motor (Fig. 77). Disconnect
hose from lower fitting on wheel motor.
4. Connect Toro high flow hydraulic filter in series between wheel motor fitting and disconnected hose. Use
hydraulic hose kit (see Special Tools in this chapter) to
connect filter to machine. Make sure that fitting and hose
connections are properly tightened.
IMPORTANT: Use only hydraulic fluids specified in
Operator’s Manual. Other fluids could cause system
damage.
5. After installing high flow filter to machine, check and
fill hydraulic reservoir with new hydraulic oil as required.
6. Sit in the operator’s seat and start engine. Run engine at low idle speed and check for any hydraulic leakage from filter and hose connections. Correct any leaks
before proceeding.
7. With engine running at low idle speed, slowly depress the forward traction pedal to the full forward position to allow flow through the traction circuit and high
flow filter. Keep traction circuit engaged for five (5) minutes while gradually increasing both forward pressure
on traction pedal and engine speed. Monitor filter indicator to make sure that green color is showing during operation.
8. With engine running at high idle speed and traction
pedal moved to the forward direction, periodically apply
brakes to increase pressure in traction circuit. While
monitoring filter indicator, continue this process for an
additional five (5) minutes.
IMPORTANT: If using a filter that is not the bi- directional Toro high flow filter, do not press the traction
pedal in the reverse direction. If flow is reversed
when using a filter that is not bi- directional, debris
from the filter will re- enter the traction circuit.
9. With engine running at high idle speed, alternately
move traction pedal from forward to reverse. While monitoring filter indicator, continue this process for an additional five (5) minutes.
10.Shut engine off and remove key from ignition switch.
11. Remove high flow hydraulic filter and hydraulic hose
kit from machine. Reconnect hydraulic hose to rear
wheel motor fitting. Make sure to properly tighten hose
(see Hydraulic Hose and Tube Installation in the General Information section of this chapter).
12.Lower machine to ground.
13.Check oil level in hydraulic reservoir and add correct
oil if necessary.
1
2
RIGHT
FRONT
IMPORTANT: While engaging the traction circuit,
monitor the high flow hydraulic filter indicator. If the
indicator should show red, either reduce traction
Figure 77
pedal setting or reduce engine speed to decrease
1. Rear wheel motor
2. Lower fitting
hydraulic flow through the filter.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 64
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Charge Hydraulic System
NOTE: When initially starting the hydraulic system with
new or rebuilt components such as motors, pumps, or
lift cylinders, it is important that the hydraulic system be
charged properly. Air must be purged from the system
and its components to reduce the chance of damage.
10.Make sure traction pedal and lift control lever are in
neutral. Start engine and run it at low idle of 1800 rpm.
The charge pump should pick up oil and fill the hydraulic
system. If there is no indication of fill in 30 seconds, stop
the engine and determine the cause.
IMPORTANT: Change hydraulic oil filter whenever
hydraulic components are repaired or replaced.
11. After the hydraulic system starts to show signs of fill,
actuate lift control lever until the lift cylinder rod moves
in and out several times. If the cylinder rod does not
move after 10 to 15 seconds, or the pump emits abnormal sounds, shut the engine off immediately and determine cause or problem. Inspect for the following:
1. Park machine on a level surface and turn engine off.
2. Make sure all hydraulic connections, lines, and components are secured tightly.
3. If component failure was severe or the system is contaminated, flush and refill hydraulic system and tank
(see Flush Hydraulic System).
4. Make sure hydraulic tank is full. Add correct oil if necessary (see Check Hydraulic System Fluid).
5. Disconnect fuel stop solenoid lead to prevent the engine from starting.
6. Check control cable to the hydrostat for proper adjustment, binding, or broken parts.
7. Make sure traction pedal and the lift control lever are
in the neutral position. Turn ignition key switch and engage starter for ten (10) seconds to prime the traction
and gear pumps. Wait fifteen (15) seconds to allow the
starter motor to cool and then repeat cranking procedure again.
8. Reconnect fuel stop solenoid lead.
B. Incorrect hydraulic hose routing.
C. Loose or faulty coupler on the pump.
D. Blocked suction line.
E. Faulty charge relief valve.
F. Faulty charge pump (Gear Pump P2).
12.If cylinder moves in 10 to 15 seconds, proceed to
step 13.
13.Operate the traction pedal in the forward and reverse
directions. The wheels off the floor should rotate in the
proper direction.
A. If the wheels rotate in the wrong direction, stop
engine, remove lines from rear of hydrostat pump,
and reverse the connections.
B. If the wheels rotate in the proper direction, stop
engine.
WARNING
Before jacking up the machine, review and follow
Jacking Instructions in Chapter 1 - Safety.
9. Raise one front and rear wheel off the floor, and place
support blocks under the frame. Chock remaining front
wheel to prevent movement of the machine.
CAUTION
One front wheel and the rear wheel will be off the
ground during testing. Make sure machine is
supported so it will not move and accidentally
fall to prevent injuring anyone under machine.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
A. Loose filter or suction lines.
14.Adjust traction pedal to the neutral position (see Adjust Traction Drive for Neutral).
15.Check operation of the traction interlock switch (see
Check Interlock System in Chapter - 5, Electrical Systems).
16.Remove blocks from wheels and lower machine. Remove chocks from remaining wheel.
17.If the traction pump or a wheel motor was replaced
or rebuilt, run the traction unit so all wheels turn slowly
for 10 minutes.
18.Operate traction unit by gradually increasing its work
load to full over a 10 minute period.
19.Stop the machine. Check hydraulic tank and fill if
necessary. Check hydraulic components for leaks and
tighten any loose connections.
Page 4 - 65
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic Tank and Hydraulic Oil Filter
EARLY MODELS
14
18
32
16
6
31
8
Hydraulic
Thread
Sealant
33
30
9
12
15
8
11
27
26
27
28
25
24
4
23
19
29
19
22
29
7
22
1
5
2
21
10
20
17
8
13
3
Anti- seize
lubricant
30 to 60 in- lb
(3.4 to 6.8 N- m)
Figure 78
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Grommet
Flange head screw
Barb fitting
Check fitting
Flat washer
Hydraulic tank
O- ring
Hose clamp
Barb fitting (straight)
Flange head screw
Elbow fitting
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
O- ring
Oil filter element
Shoulder screw
Suction strainer
Dipstick
Filter head
Hydraulic tank cap
Hose clamp
Hydraulic hose
Tee fitting
Hydraulic hose
Page 4 - 66
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
O- ring
O- ring
O- ring
O- ring
Hydraulic hose (suction)
Hydraulic tube (from oil cooler)
Hydraulic hose (from manifold)
O- ring
Barb fitting (early models)
Suction strainer (early models)
Barb fitting (early models)
Groundsmaster 3500- D
1. Apply anti- seize lubricant or equivalent to the two
flange head screws that secure the hydraulic tank.
Tighten the tank mounting screws from 30 to 60 in- lb
(3.4 to 6.8 N- m). Install tank using Figure 78 as a guide.
2. Remove hydraulic tank using Figure 78 as a guide.
Discard and replace any O- rings that are removed.
Hydraulic Tank Inspection (Fig. 78)
1. Clean hydraulic tank and suction strainer with solvent.
2. Inspect hydraulic tank for leaks, cracks, or other
damage.
2. Thread suction strainer into hydraulic tank. Note:
Early models used a two piece suction strainer assembly. On early models only, use hydraulic thread sealant
on threads of suction strainer and barb fittings during reassembly. Do not apply sealant to the first thread of the
fittings.
3. Using a wrench, turn strainer into tank port at least
1- 1/2 to 2 full turns beyond finger tight.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
Hydraulic
System
4. Fill hydraulic tank with new hydraulic fluid (see
Change Hydraulic Fluid).
Safety
1. Drain hydraulic oil from Hydraulic tank (see Change
Hydraulic Fluid).
Product Records
and Manuals
Hydraulic Tank Installation
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Hydraulic Tank Removal
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 67
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Oil Cooler
Note: On Groundsmaster 3500- D machines with serial numbers above 314000000, the hydraulic oil cooler
is combined with the radiator.
Removal
2
CAUTION
The radiator and oil cooler may be hot. To avoid
possible burns, allow the engine and cooling
systems to cool before working on the oil cooler.
1. Remove oil cooler using Figures 79 and 80 as
guides.
1
Figure 79
1.
Oil cooler
2.
Latch
Inspection
RIGHT
CAUTION
1
FRONT
Use eye protection such as goggles when using
compressed air.
2
1. Back flush oil cooler with cleaning solvent. After cooler is clean, make sure all solvent is drained from the
cooler.
4
2. Dry inside of oil cooler using compressed air in the
opposite direction of the oil flow.
3
6
5
3. Plug both ends of oil cooler. Clean exterior of cooler.
Make sure oil cooler fins are clear of dirt and debris.
4. The oil cooler should be free of corrosion, cracked
tubes, or excessive pitting of tubes.
Installation
1. Install oil cooler using Figures 79 and 80 as guides.
1.
2.
3.
Oil cooler
Barb fitting
Hydraulic hose
Figure 80
4.
5.
6.
Hose clamp
Flow to oil filter
Flow from manifold
2. Make sure hydraulic tank is full. Add correct oil if necessary (see Check Hydraulic System Fluid).
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 68
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 69
Electrical
System
This page is intentionally blank.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic
System
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
Front Wheel Motors
5
7
3
8
9
10
6
4
8
RIGHT
9
10
FRONT
2
1
Figure 81
1.
2.
3.
4.
Lock nut
Spacer
Socket head screw
Hydraulic wheel motor
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
5.
6.
7.
Frame
Hydraulic tube
Hydraulic tube
Page 4 - 70
8. O- ring
9. Hydraulic fitting
10. O- ring
Groundsmaster 3500- D
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
3. Remove tire and wheel assembly, wheel hub, and
brake drum from the hydraulic motor. Remove brake assembly, brake bracket, and wheel shield from the frame
(see Front Wheel and Brake Removal in Chapter 6 Wheels, Brakes, and Miscellaneous).
Safety
Removal
2. Jack up front of equipment enough to allow the removal of the front wheel.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT hit wheel hub, wheel hub puller or motor with a hammer during removal or installation. Hammering may cause damage to the
hydraulic motor.
Installation
1. Install wheel motor to frame using Figure 81 as
guide.
2. Install wheel shield, brake bracket, and brake assembly to the frame. Install brake drum, wheel hub, and
tire and wheel assembly to the hydraulic motor (see
Front Wheel and Brake Installation in Chapter 6 Wheels, Brakes, and Miscellaneous).
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
Hydraulic
System
3. Lower the machine to the ground.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Before jacking up the machine, review and follow
Jacking Instructions in Chapter 1 - Safety.
Product Records
and Manuals
4. Remove wheel motor from frame using Figure 81 as
guide.
WARNING
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 71
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Rear Wheel Motor
1
45 to 65 ft- lb
(61 to 88 N- m)
15
2
5
250 to 350 ft- lb
(339 to 474 N- m)
7
8
13
6
3
7
8
12
13
4
14
RIGHT
9
10
11
FRONT
Figure 82
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Lug nut
Drive stud
Tire and rim assembly
Wheel hub
Hydraulic hose
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Hydraulic hose
O- ring
45o hydraulic fitting
Lock nut
Socket head screw
Removal (Fig. 82)
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
WARNING
Before jacking up the machine, review and follow
Jacking Instructions in Chapter 1 - Safety.
2. Jack up rear of equipment enough to allow the removal of the rear wheel.
3. Remove rear tire and rim assembly from machine.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Hydraulic motor
Rear fork
O- ring
Woodruff key
Lock nut
4. Remove rear wheel motor with wheel hub attached
from the rear fork using Figure 82 as guide.
5. Secure wheel hub in a vise. Loosen but do not remove lock nut that secures wheel hub to wheel motor.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT hit wheel hub, wheel hub
puller or wheel motor with a hammer during wheel
hub removal or installation. Hammering may cause
damage to the wheel motor.
6. Using hub puller (see Special Tools), loosen wheel
hub from wheel motor.
7. Remove wheel hub and motor from vise. Remove
lock nut and hub from motor shaft. Locate and retrieve
woodruff key.
Page 4 - 72
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Installation (Fig. 82)
5. Install tire and rim assembly to machine.
1. If hydraulic fittings were removed from wheel motor,
install fittings to motor using marks made during the removal process to properly orientate fittings.
6. Lower the machine to the ground.
2. Thoroughly clean wheel motor shaft and wheel hub
taper.
8. Make sure hydraulic tank is full. Add correct oil if necessary (see Check Hydraulic System Fluid).
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
Hydraulic
System
Kubota
Diesel Engine
3. Lock wheel hub in a vise. Install woodruff key into the
wheel motor shaft. Slide motor shaft into hub and secure
with lock nut. Torque lock nut from 250 to 350 ft- lb (339
to 474 N- m). Remove wheel motor and hub from vise.
7. Torque rear wheel lug nuts from 45 to 65 ft- lb (61 to
88 N- m).
Safety
4. Install wheel motor to the rear fork using Figure 82 as
guide.
Product Records
and Manuals
8. If hydraulic fittings are to be removed from wheel motor, mark fitting orientation to allow correct assembly.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 73
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Wheel Motor Service
12
13
45 to 55 ft- lb
(60 to 76 N- m)
11
10
3
1
4
5
6
7
8
9
8
14
27
2
15
16
17
28
26
25
24
28
27
23
22
21
19
20
18
Figure 83
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Dirt seal
Bearing
Housing
Back- up washer
Seal rings
Back- up washer
Inner seal
Thrust washer
Thrust bearing
Bearing
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Coupling shaft
Thrust bearing
Drive link
Cap screw
Commutator seal
Commutator
Woodruff key
Wear plate
Rotor
Note: The wheel motor illustrated in Figure 83 is the
rear motor. The three wheel motors are identical in
construction except for some minor differences. The
right front and rear wheel motors have reverse timed
manifolds, and the front left motor does not. The end
cover of the rear motor has a check valve consisting of
a ball and spring, and both front motors lack this feature.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
Vane
Stator
Manifold
Commutator ring
End cover
Ball
Spring
Plug
O- ring
Note: For repair of the wheel motors, see the Ross
Torqmotor TM MG, MF, MP, MB, ME, and MJ Series Service Procedure at the end of this chapter.
IMPORTANT: If a wheel motor failure occurred, refer
to Traction Circuit (Closed Loop) Component Failure in the General Information section for information regarding the importance of removing
contamination from the traction circuit.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 74
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 75
Electrical
System
This page is intentionally blank.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic
System
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
Rotary Cutting Motors
12
11
12
11
12
14
8
12
2
15
3
4
1
9
10
5
7
16
13
8
9
15
5
7
18
5
9
14
7
2
3
4
2
19
6
17
1
3
20
4
Figure 84
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Hydraulic motor
O- ring
O- ring
Hydraulic elbow
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic adapter
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Hydraulic fitting
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic T- fitting
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
O- ring
O- ring
Page 4 - 76
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
O- ring
O- ring
O- ring
Cap screw
Cutting deck
O- ring
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Removal (Fig. 84)
Note: Note position of hydraulic hoses when removing from the rotary motors. Proper positioning is critical
when reconnecting hydraulic hoses. The inlet to the motor is opposite from the relief valve (Fig. 85).
4
2
2. Remove hydraulic hoses from rotary motors using
Figure 84 as a guide.
3. If hydraulic fittings are to be removed from motor,
mark fitting orientation to allow correct assembly.
Installation (Fig. 84)
4
1
Figure 85
1. Hydraulic deck motor
2. Inlet hose
3. Relief valve
4. Cap screw
1. If hydraulic fittings were removed from motor, install
fittings to motor using marks made during the removal
process to properly orientate fittings.
Hydraulic
System
2. Position O- ring to top of spindle housing. Install hydraulic motor to the cutting unit with two cap screws.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
1. Remove two cap screws that secure hydraulic motor
to the cutting unit (Fig. 85). Remove hydraulic motor
from deck and O- ring from top of spindle housing.
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
3
3. Install hydraulic hoses to rotary motors using Figure
84 as a guide.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
4. Make sure hydraulic tank is full. Add correct oil if necessary (see Check Hydraulic System Fluid).
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 77
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Rotary Cutting Motor Service (Haldex)
11
14
13
1
10
4
8
6
12
9
8
3
2
10
12
5
15
38 to 43 ft- lb
(51 to 58 N- m)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Front plate
Back plate
Body
Dowel
Drive gear
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Figure 86
Idler gear
Cap screw
Back- up gasket
Rear wear plate
Pressure seal
Disassembly (Fig. 86)
1. Plug motor ports and clean the outside of the motor
thoroughly. After cleaning, remove plugs and drain any
oil out of the motor.
7
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Front wear plate
O- ring
Shaft seal
Retaining ring
Relief valve kit
7. Carefully remove body. Lift body straight up to remove. Make sure the rear wear plate remains on the
drive and idler gear shafts. Remove and discard
O- rings from the body. Locate and retrieve dowel pins.
2. Use a marker to make a diagonal line across the
front plate, body, and back plate for assembly purposes
(Fig. 87).
MARKER LINE
IMPORTANT: Avoid using excessive clamping
pressure on the motor housing to prevent distorting
the housing.
3. Clamp mounting flange of motor in a vise with the
shaft end down.
4. Loosen cap screws from the back plate.
5. Remove motor from the vise. Turn motor so that the
shaft end is facing down. Remove cap screws.
Figure 87
6. Remove back plate from the body.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 78
Groundsmaster 3500- D
5. Inspect front plate and back plate for damage or
wear.
8. Carefully remove rear wear plate, idler gear, drive
gear, and front wear plate from the front plate.
2
10.Turn front plate over, with seal side up, and remove
the retaining ring using snap ring pliers.
IMPORTANT: Make sure not to damage the counter
bore when removing the shaft seal from the front
plate.
4
1.
2.
3.
4.
Gear teeth
Gear face edge
2. Clean all parts with solvent. Dry all parts with compressed air.
3. Inspect drive gears and idler gears for the following
(Fig. 88):
A. Drive gear shaft spline should be free of twisted or
broken teeth.
B. Gear shafts should be free of rough surfaces and
excessive wear at bushing points and sealing areas.
Scoring, rough surfaces, or wear on gear shafts indicates need for replacement.
C. Gear teeth should be free of excessive scoring
and wear. Any broken or nicked gear teeth must be
replaced.
D. Inspect gear face edge for sharpness. Sharp
edges of gears will mill into wear plates and, thus,
must be replaced.
4. Inspect wear plates for the following:
A. Bearing areas should not have excessive wear or
scoring.
B. Face of wear plates that are in contact with gears
should be free of wear, roughness or scoring.
1. Lubricate O- rings, pressure seals, back- up gaskets, and wear plate groves with a thin coat of petroleum
jelly. Lubricate all other internal parts freely with clean
hydraulic oil.
2. Install new shaft seal in front plate with seal part number facing out. Seal should be pressed into place until it
reaches the bottom of the bore.
3. Install retaining ring into the groove of the front plate.
4. Place front plate, shaft seal side down, on a flat surface.
5. Install the pressure seals, flat side outward, into the
grooves in the wear plates. Follow by carefully placing
the backup gaskets, flat side outward, between the
pressure seals and the grooves in the wear plate.
6. Apply a light coating of petroleum jelly to the exposed
side of the front plate.
7. Lubricate the drive gear shaft with clean hydraulic oil.
Insert the drive end of the drive shaft through the wear
plate with the pressure seal side down and the open side
of the pressure seal pointing to the inlet side of the motor. Carefully install shaft into front plate.
8. Lubricate the idler gear shaft with clean hydraulic oil.
Install idler gear shaft into the remaining position in the
wear plate. Apply a light coating of clean hydraulic oil to
gear faces.
Page 4 - 79
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Electrical
System
Use eye protection such as goggles when using
compressed air.
Hydraulic
System
Assembly (Fig. 86)
Note: When assembling the motor, check the marker
line on each part to make sure the parts are properly
aligned during assembly.
CAUTION
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Gear shaft spline
Gear shaft
Figure 88
Kubota
Diesel Engine
1
11. Remove and discard shaft seal from the front plate.
1. Remove any nicks and burrs from all parts with
emery cloth.
Product Records
and Manuals
3
9. Remove and discard back- up gaskets and pressure
seals from wear plates.
Inspection
Safety
C. Thickness of wear plates should be equal.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
IMPORTANT: Note position of the open and closed
side of the wear plates before removing. Also, identify wear plates (front and rear) with a marker for
proper assembly.
9. Install rear wear plate with pressure seal side up and
open side of the pressure seal pointing to the inlet side
of the motor.
10.Apply a light coating of petroleum jelly to new
O- rings and O- ring grooves in the body. Install new
O- rings to the body.
11. Install locating dowels in body. Align marker line on
the body and front plate.
IMPORTANT: Do not dislodge seals during installation.
12.Gently slide the body onto the assembly. Firm hand
pressure should be sufficient to engage the dowels.
13.Check to make sure that the surface of the rear wear
plate is slightly below the face of the body. If the wear
plate is not below the body, check assembly for a shifted
pressure seal, backup seal, or O- ring. Correct before
proceeding.
14.Apply a light coating of petroleum jelly to the exposed
side of the back plate.
Relief Valve Service
IMPORTANT: Do not remove the relief valve assembly unless testing shows it to be faulty. The relief valve assembly must be replaced as a complete
unit.
1. When removing or installing the relief valve, motor
should be removed from deck and positioned horizontally with the relief valve pointed down (Fig. 89). This
process will prevent relief valve from falling into motor
passages.
2. Remove plug, O- ring, spring, and relief valve from
the backplate. Do not attempt to remove the seat from
the back plate.
3. Clean and inspect removed parts. Visually inspect
relief valve bore and seat in the back plate.
4. Apply hydraulic oil to components. Replace the relief
valve assembly: install relief valve, spring, O- ring, and
plug into the backplate. Tighten plug.
15.Place back plate on assembly using marker line for
proper location. Firm hand pressure should be sufficient
to engage the dowels.
16.Install the four screws and hand tighten.
IMPORTANT: Avoid using excessive clamping
pressure on the motor housing to prevent distorting
the housing.
17.Place mounting flange of the motor into a vise and alternately torque the screws from 38 to 43 ft- lb (51 to 58
N- m).
RELIEF VALVE KIT
18.Remove motor from vise.
19.Place a small amount of clean hydraulic oil in the inlet
of the motor and rotate the drive shaft away from the inlet
one revolution. If any binding is noted, disassemble the
pump and check for assembly problems.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 80
Figure 89
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 81
Electrical
System
This page is intentionally blank.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic
System
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
Rotary Cutting Motor Service (Casappa)
33 ft- lb
(45 N- m)
26 ft- lb
(35 N- m)
2
3
4
11
1
10
10
13
7
6
6
16
8
17
5
7
9
9
10
26 ft- lb
(35 N- m)
12
14
18
15
19
Figure 90
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Socket head screw (4 used)
Washer (4 used)
Back plate
Anti- cavitation valve
Relief valve
Pressure seal
Back up gasket
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Rear wear plate
O- ring
Dowel pin (4 used)
Body
Idler gear
Drive gear
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Front wear plate
Front plate
Shaft seal
Washer
Retaining ring
Seal
For service procedures of a Casappa motor, refer to Disassembly, Inspection and Assembly steps listed in
Rotary Cutting Motor Service (Haldex). Refer to Figure
90 for torque specifications.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 82
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 83
Electrical
System
This page is intentionally blank.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic
System
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
Hydraulic Manifold
8
13
15
5
16
6
8
5
14
8
5
6
22
11
21
10
20
9
12
22
21
20
2
20
21
19
22
18
1
23
25
3
24
RIGHT
17
FRONT
4
7
Figure 91
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Hose clamp
O- ring
Barb fitting
Stud
Straight hydraulic fitting
O- ring
Flange head nut
O- ring
O- ring
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
Straight hydraulic fitting
O- ring
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Straight hydraulic fitting
O- ring
O- ring
Hydraulic tube
Page 4 - 84
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic manifold
O- ring
Straight hydraulic fitting
O- ring
O- ring
90o hydraulic fitting
O- ring
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Installation (Fig. 91)
Note: The ports on the manifold are marked for easy
identification of components. Example: BV is the deck
circuit braking valve and P1 is the gear pump connection
port. (See Hydraulic Schematics to identify the function
of the hydraulic lines and cartridge valves at each port
location).
1. If hydraulic fittings were removed from manifold,
install fittings to manifold using marks made during the
removal process to properly orientate fittings.
1. Clean hydraulic manifold before doing any disassembly.
3. Make sure hydraulic tank is full. Add correct oil if necessary (see Check Hydraulic System Fluid).
Safety
Removal (Fig. 91)
2. Label all hydraulic connections for assembly purposes.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
WARNING
Product Records
and Manuals
2. Install hydraulic manifold to the frame using Figure
91 as guide.
Hydraulic
System
Before disconnecting or performing any work
on the hydraulic system, all pressure in the
system must be relieved. See Relieving Hydraulic System Pressure in the General Information section.
3. Remove hydraulic manifold from the machine using
Figure 91 as guide.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
4. If hydraulic fittings are to be removed from manifold,
mark fitting orientation to allow correct assembly.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 85
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic Manifold Service (Serial Numbers Below 240000600)
Loctite 242
4 to 6 Ft- lb
(5 to 8 N- m)
9
30 to 35 Ft- lb
(41 to 47 N- m)
8
30 to 35 Ft- lb
(41 to 47 N- m)
4
2
14
5
3
12
10
10
13
30 to 35 Ft- lb
(41 to 47 N- m)
15
6
11
11
11
10
7
RIGHT
10
11
13
FRONT
12
11
10
11
11
10
13
10
1
12
Figure 92
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Manifold body
Logic cartridge valve (LC1)
Seal kit
Braking cartridge valve (BV)
Seal kit
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
SRV cartridge valve (R1)
Seal kit
SRV coil
Nut
Plug (SAE- 2)
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
O- ring
Plug (SAE- 4)
O- ring
Plug (SAE- 8)
O- ring
Note: The ports on the manifold are marked for easy
identification of components. Examples: BV is the deck
circuit braking valve and P1 is the gear pump connection
port. (See Hydraulic Schematics to identify the function
of the hydraulic lines and cartridge valves at each port
location).
2. Remove nut securing solenoid to the SRV cartridge
valve. Slide solenoid off the valve.
SRV Cartridge Valve (Fig. 92 and 93)
3. Remove SRV cartridge valve from port R1 using a
deep socket wrench.
IMPORTANT: Use care when handling the cartridge
valve. Slight bending or distortion of the stem tube
can cause binding and malfunction.
1. Make sure the manifold is clean before removing the
cartridge valve.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 86
Groundsmaster 3500- D
4
Safety
5. Visually inspect cartridge valve for damaged sealing
surfaces or contamination.
2
3
1
B. If valve sealing surfaces appear pitted or damaged, the hydraulic system may be overheating or
there may be water in the system.
Figure 93
Manifold assembly
SRV cartridge valve (R1)
3.
4.
Braking valve (BV)
Logic valve (LC1)
3
6. Clean cartridge valve using clean mineral spirits.
Submerge valve in clean mineral spirits to flush out contamination. Use a probe (wood dowel or brass drift) to
push the internal spool in and out 20 to 30 times to flush
out contamination. Particles as fine as talcum powder
can affect the operation of high pressure hydraulic
valves. Use compressed air for cleaning.
Hydraulic
System
Use eye protection such as goggles when using
compressed air.
1.
2.
1
3
4
IMPORTANT: Use care when handling the cartridge
valve. Slight bending or distortion of the stem tube
can cause binding and malfunction.
2
5
7. Reinstall the SRV cartridge valve:
1.
2.
3.
SRV cartridge valve
Solenoid coil
Seal kit O- rings
4.
5.
Seal kit backup rings
Solenoid nut
B. Thread valve carefully into port R1. The valve
should go in easily without binding.
C. Torque cartridge valve using a deep socket from
30 to 35 ft- lb (41 to 47 N- m).
D. Install solenoid coil to the cartridge valve. Apply
“Loctite 242” or equivalent to the threads of the valve.
Torque nut from 4 to 6 ft- lb (5 to 8 N- m).
8. If problems still exist, remove valve and clean again
or replace valve.
Page 4 - 87
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Figure 94
A. Lubricate new O- rings of seal kit with clean hydraulic oil and install. The O- rings must be arranged
properly on the cartridge valve for proper operation
and sealing (Fig. 94).
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Electrical
System
CAUTION
Product Records
and Manuals
A. Contamination may cause valves to stick or hang
up. Contaminants can become lodged in small valve
orifices or seal areas causing malfunction.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
4. Visually inspect the port in the manifold for damage
to the sealing surfaces, damaged threads, or contamination.
Braking and Logic Cartridge Valves (Fig. 92 and 93)
2
1. Make sure manifold is clean before removing the
cartridge.
3
3
1
IMPORTANT: Use care when handling the cartridge
valve. Slight bending or distortion of the stem tube
can cause binding and malfunction.
3
2
2
2. Remove cartridge valve using a deep socket
wrench. Note: Do not loosen locknut on top of valve.
3. Visually inspect port in the manifold for damage to
the sealing surfaces, damaged threads, or contamination.
4. Visually inspect cartridge valve for damaged sealing
surfaces or contamination.
A. Contamination may cause valves to stick or hang
up. Contaminates can become lodged in small valve
orifices or seal areas causing malfunction.
1.
2.
Figure 95
Braking cartridge valve
Seal kit O- rings
3.
Seal kit backup rings
2
B. If sealing surfaces appear pitted or damaged, the
hydraulic system may be overheating or there may
be water in the system.
1
3
CAUTION
3
Use eye protection such as goggles when using
compressed air.
5. Clean cartridge valve using clean mineral spirits.
Submerge valve in clean mineral spirits to flush out contamination. Particles as fine as talcum powder can affect
the operation of high pressure hydraulic valves. Use
compressed air for cleaning.
Figure 96
1.
2.
Logic cartridge valve
Seal kit O- rings
3.
Seal kit backup rings
IMPORTANT: Use care when handling the cartridge
valve. Slight bending or distortion of the stem tube
can cause binding and malfunction.
6. Reinstall cartridge valve:
A. Lubricate new O- rings and backup rings of seal
kit with clean hydraulic oil and install. The O- rings
and backup rings must be arranged properly on the
cartridge valve for proper operation and sealing
(Figs. 95 and 96).
B. Thread cartridge valve carefully into the applicable port (Fig. 92). The valve should go in easily without binding. Torque valve to 30 to 35 ft- lb (41 to 47
N- m).
C. If problems still exist, remove valve and clean
again or replace valve.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 88
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 89
Electrical
System
This page is intentionally blank.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic
System
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
Hydraulic Manifold Service (Serial Numbers 240000601 to 313999999)
4
60 in- lb
(6.8 N- m)
5
35 ft- lb
(47 N- m)
25 ft- lb
(34 N- m)
6
3
45 to 50 ft- lb
(61 to 68 N- m)
7
120 in- lb
(13.6 N- m)
1
2
RIGHT
FRONT
Figure 97
1. Manifold body
2. NWD #4 plug
3. Logic cartridge valve (LC1)
4. Nut
5. Solenoid coil
6. Solenoid cartridge valve (R1)
7. Braking cartridge valve (BV)
NOTE: The ports on the manifold are marked for easy
identification of components. Examples: BV is the deck
circuit braking valve and P1 is the gear pump connection
port (see Hydraulic Schematic to identify the function of
the hydraulic lines and cartridge valves at each port
location).
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 90
Groundsmaster 3500- D
IMPORTANT: Use care when handling the cartridge
valve. Slight bending or distortion of the stem tube
can cause binding and malfunction.
B. Thread cartridge valve carefully into manifold
port. The valve should go in easily without binding.
D. If cartridge is solenoid operated, carefully install
solenoid coil to the cartridge valve. Torque nut to value identified in manifold illustration (Fig. 97).
4. Visually inspect the port in the manifold for damage
to the sealing surfaces, damaged threads or contamination.
8. If problems still exist, remove valve and clean again
or replace valve.
3
5. Visually inspect cartridge valve for damaged sealing
surfaces and contamination.
2
A. Contamination may cause valves to stick or hang
up. Contamination can become lodged in small valve
orifices or seal areas causing malfunction.
1
B. If valve sealing surfaces appear pitted or damaged, the hydraulic system may be overheating or
there may be water in the system.
4
Figure 98
1. Manifold assembly
2. Logic valve (LC1)
3. Solenoid valve (R1)
4. Braking valve (BV)
Use eye protection such as goggles when using
compressed air.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Safety
C. Torque cartridge valve using a deep socket to value identified in manifold illustration (Fig. 97).
3. Remove cartridge valve with a deep socket wrench.
Note correct location for O- rings, sealing rings and
backup rings. Remove and discard seal kit.
CAUTION
Product Records
and Manuals
IMPORTANT: Use care when handling the valve
cartridge. Slight bending or distortion of the
stem tube can cause binding and malfunction.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
2. If cartridge is solenoid operated, remove nut securing solenoid to the cartridge valve. Carefully slide solenoid coil off the valve.
A. Lubricate new seal kit components with clean hydraulic oil and install on valve. The O- rings, sealing
rings and backup rings must be arranged properly on
the cartridge valve for proper operation and sealing.
Page 4 - 91
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic
System
1. Make sure the manifold is clean before removing the
valve.
7. Reinstall the cartridge valve into the manifold block:
Electrical
System
Cartridge Valve Service (Fig. 97)
6. Clean cartridge valve using clean mineral spirits.
Submerge valve in clean mineral spirits to flush out contamination. Particles as fine as talcum powder can affect
the operation of high pressure hydraulic valves. Be extremely careful not to damage cartridge. Use compressed air for cleaning.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
NOTE: The Groundsmaster 3500- D hydraulic manifold uses several zero leak plugs. These plugs have a
tapered sealing surface on the plug head that is designed to resist vibration induced plug loosening. The
zero leak plugs also have an O- ring as a secondary
seal. If zero leak plug removal is necessary, lightly rap
the plug head using a punch and hammer before using
an allen wrench to remove the plug: the impact will allow
plug removal with less chance of damage to the socket
head of the plug.
Hydraulic Manifold Service (Serial Numbers Above 314000000)
25 ft- lbs
(34 N- m)
20 ft- lbs
(27.1 N- m)
4
5
25 ft- lbs
(34 N- m)
6
25 ft- lb
(34 N- m)
3
3
25 ft- lbs
(34 N- m)
1
7
8
2
9
20 ft- lbs
(27.1 N- m)
FRONT
3
RIGHT
60 in- lb
(6.8 N- m)
Figure 99
1. Manifold body
2. #4 Hex head plug
3. #4 Zero leak plug
4. Logic cartridge valve (LC1)
5. Logic cartridge valve (LC2)
6. Relief valve (RV)
7. Solenoid cartridge valve (S)
8. Solenoid coil
9. Nut
NOTE: The ports on the manifold are marked for easy
identification of components. Examples: RV is the deck
circuit braking valve and P1 is the gear pump connection
port (see Hydraulic Schematic to identify the function of
the hydraulic lines and cartridge valves at each port
location).
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 92
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
NOTE: The Groundsmaster 3500- D hydraulic manifold uses several zero leak plugs. These plugs have a
tapered sealing surface on the plug head that is designed to resist vibration induced plug loosening. The
zero leak plugs also have an O- ring as a secondary
seal. If zero leak plug removal is necessary, lightly rap
the plug head using a punch and hammer before using
an allen wrench to remove the plug: the impact will allow
plug removal with less chance of damage to the socket
head of the plug.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
Hydraulic
System
Kubota
Diesel Engine
For hydraulic manifold service procedures, refer to Hydraulic Manifold Service (Serial Numbers 240000601 to
313999999) in this section. Refer to Figure 99 for cartridge valve and plug installation torque.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 93
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Control Valve
6
13
25
1
12
11
17
14
9
5
17
7
21
26
25
15
27
5
10
8
14
5
16
9
21
7
20
25
21
4
2
18
21
21
23
25
24
22
19
3
21
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Control valve (2- spool)
Hydraulic fitting (straight)
90o hydraulic fitting
Hydraulic fitting (straight)
Flange nut
Knob
90o hydraulic fitting
Valve actuator bracket
Shoulder bolt
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
Cotter pin
100
Valve lever
Valve actuator trunnion
Shoulder bolt
Link
Bolt
Lock nut
Push nut
Hydraulic fitting
Page 4 - 94
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
Carriage screw
O- ring
O- ring
Hydraulic tube
Hydraulic tube
Hydraulic hose
O- ring
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic tube
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Removal
Before disconnecting or performing any work
on the hydraulic system, all pressure in the
system must be relieved. See Relieving Hydraulic System Pressure in the General Information section.
1. Remove control valve from the frame using Figures
100 and 101 as guides.
2
3
Figure 101
1.
2.
Spool valve
Support bracket
3.
4.
Flange head screws
Frame
Kubota
Diesel Engine
2. If hydraulic fittings are to be removed from control
valve, mark fitting orientation to allow correct assembly.
Product Records
and Manuals
4
WARNING
Safety
1
Installation
Hydraulic
System
1. If hydraulic fittings were removed from control valve,
install fittings to valve using marks made during the removal process to properly orientate fittings.
2. Install control valve to the frame using Figures 100
and 101 as guides.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
3. Make sure hydraulic tank is full. Add correct oil if necessary (see Check Hydraulic System Fluid).
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 95
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Control Valve Service
10 to 12 ft- lb
(14 to 16 N- m)
18
28
25
9
26
15
1
19
30 to 42 ft- lb
(41 to 57 N- m)
5
27
17
12
20
23
9
22
29
7
24
30
4
26
6
25
4
11
30 to 35 ft- lb
(41 to 48 N- m)
21
1
5
27
10
2
27
5
1
12
8
14
9
16
13
10
3
29
30
20 to 25 ft- lb
(27 to 34 N- m)
7
30 to 35 ft- lb
(41 to 48 N- m)
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Check poppet
Grooved plunger
Spacer
Spool
Seat
Solid plug
Seat retaining plug with port
Bushing
Check spring
Spool cap
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
Valve body 102
O- ring
Retaining ring
Washer
Seat retaining plug
Spool spring
Disc
Plug
Detent plug
Wiper seal
Page 4 - 96
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
Plunger
Plunger detent
Detent spring
O- ring
O- ring
Back- up washer
O- ring
O- ring
O- ring
Back- up washer
Groundsmaster 3500- D
26
25
1
27
5
9
1
7
Safety
6
Product Records
and Manuals
15
9
25
17
19
18
21
1
27
5
29
30
23
22
Kubota
Diesel Engine
26
24
Hydraulic
System
28
14
12
16
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
13
Electrical
System
4
20
12
8
3
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Check poppet
Grooved plunger
Spacer
Spool
Seat
Solid plug
Seat retaining plug with port
Bushing
Check spring
Spool cap
Groundsmaster 3500- D
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
Valve body 103
O- ring
Retaining ring
Washer
Seat retaining plug
Spool spring
Disc
Plug
Detent plug
Wiper seal
Page 4 - 97
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
Plunger
Plunger detent
Detent spring
O- ring
O- ring
Back- up washer
O- ring
O- ring
O- ring
Back- up washer
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Disassembly
1. Plug all ports and clean the outside of the valve thoroughly.
IMPORTANT: Match- mark spools to their associated bores before disassembly. Spools must be reinstalled to the bore from which they were removed.
2. Remove both spool caps and slide the spool assemblies from their bores.
3. Remove O- ring and bushing from each spool assembly.
4. Remove wiper seals and O- rings from the spool
bore ends that are opposite the spool caps.
Note: Disassemble spool assemblies only if the retaining ring, spacer, spring, or washer need replacing.
5. Remove seat retaining plugs, back- up washers,
O- rings, and check springs from the valve body.
6. Remove check poppets, seats, O- rings, and plungers from the valve body.
7. Remove solid plug, back- up washer, and O- ring
from the opposite end of the plunger.
8. Remove plug and O- ring from the top of the valve
body next to the detent plug.
9. Remove detent plug and O- ring from the valve body.
Remove disc, spring, and detent plunger from the body.
Inspection
1. Inspect spools and spool bores for wear. If wear is
excessive, replace valve with new one.
2. Inspect springs and replace as necessary.
3. Inspect plunger, detent plunger, and check poppet
for wear. Replace as necessary.
4. Inspect seat, spacer, and bushing for wear. Replace
as necessary.
5. Inspect disc and washer. Replace as necessary.
6. Inspect cap and plugs for damaged threads and inspect O- ring sealing surfaces. Replace as necessary.
CAUTION
Use eye protection such as goggles when using
compressed air.
1. Clean all metal parts with solvent and blow dry with
compressed air.
2. Replace check poppets, O- rings, and back- up
washers with new ones.
3. Install new O- rings into the valve body.
4. Slide bushings and new O- rings over the spools.
5. If a spool was disassembled, install washer, spool
spring, spacer, and retaining ring to the spool.
6. Lubricate spools liberally with clean hydraulic fluid
and install into their proper bore.
7. Install spool caps into valve body. Torque caps from
20 to 25 ft- lb (27 to 34 N- m).
8. Lubricate both plungers liberally with clean hydraulic
fluid and install into their proper bore.
9. Install new O- rings, seats, check poppets, and
check springs into the plunger bores.
10.Install O- rings, back- up washers, and seat retaining
plugs into their plunger bores. Torque both plugs from 30
to 35 ft- lb (41 to 48 N- m).
11. Install new O- ring, back- up washer, and solid plug
into the bore with the grooved plunger. Torque plug from
30 to 35 ft- lb (41 to 48 N- m).
12.Install new O- ring, seat, check poppet, check spring,
new O- ring, back- up washer, and seat retaining plug
into the bore with the plunger. Torque plug from 30 to 35
ft- lb (41 to 48 N- m).
13.Install O- ring and plug into the top of the valve body
next to the detent plug bore. Torque plug from 10 to 12
ft- lb (14 to 16 N- m).
14.Lubricate plunger detent, spring, and disc liberally
with clean hydraulic fluid and install into its valve body
bore.
15.Install O- ring and detent plug into its proper bore.
Torque plug from 30 to 42 ft- lb (41 to 57 N- m).
Assembly
IMPORTANT: Do not wipe parts with dry paper towels or rags. Lint may cause damage to the hydraulic
system.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 98
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 99
Electrical
System
This page is intentionally blank.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic
System
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
Piston Pump
10
RIGHT
28
26
27
25
FRONT
25
50
43
49 42
24
12
9 40
45
7
44
47
8
29
5
1
54
45
53
48
13
77 to 93 ft- lb
(105 to 127 N- m)
38
Antiseize
Lubricant
32
27
3
33
30
40
46
1018
37
4
35
90 to 120 in- lb
(10.2 to 13.6 N- m)
34
51
41
27 to 31 ft- lb
(37 to 42 N- m)
11
2
23
52
17 16
39
56
40
31
30
21 20
36
55
6
22
41
57
19
15
14
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Piston pump
Straight hydraulic fitting
Cap screw
Lock nut
90o hydraulic fitting
90o hydraulic fitting
90o hydraulic fitting
90o hydraulic fitting
90o hydraulic fitting
Washer
Hydraulic hose
Suction hose
Flange nut
Idler pivot pin
Grease fitting
Flange nut
Retaining ring
Cap screw
Thrust washer
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
Idler pulley 104
Spacer
Torsion spring
Idler arm
Hose clamp
Flange nut
Cap screw
Flange head screw
Pump support
Spacer
Cap screw
Flat washer
Spacer
Pump mount plate
Pump mount spacer
Pulley
Cap screw
Lock washer
Taper lock bushing
Page 4 - 100
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
V- belt
O- ring
O- ring
O- ring
O- ring
O- ring
O- ring
Flat washer
O- ring
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Bushing
Gear pump
O- ring
Flat washer
Socket head screw
Idler arm spacer
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Neutral Arm Assembly
24 7
18
22
21
19 20
6
5
7
9
Product Records
and Manuals
23
Safety
1
4
8
3
9
10
11
14
32
16
17
29
31
13
26
25
27
16
15
12
33
30
28
Hydraulic
System
2
Kubota
Diesel Engine
12
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
Lock nut
105
Spacer
Traction stud
Traction control cable
Flat washer
Ball joint
Lock nut
Cap screw
Flat washer
Hub assembly
Flange nut
Piston Pump Removal (Fig. 104 & 105)
1. Remove traction belt from the pulley (see Replace
Traction Belt).
2. Remove neutral arm assembly from the piston pump
as follows:
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
Flange head screw
Cable support bracket
Ball bearing
Flat washer
Lock nut
Cap screw
Pump lever
Cap screw
Flat washer
Cap screw
Mount
B. Disconnect traction control cable from the pump
lever.
C. Remove both flange head screws securing the
neutral bracket to the piston pump. Remove flange
nut and flange head screw securing the neutral
bracket to the pump mount plate.
D. Remove cap screw and flat washer securing the
pump lever to the piston pump trunnion.
CAUTION
The extension spring is under tension and may
cause personal injury during removal. Use caution when removing spring from the pump lever.
E. Separate pump lever from pump trunnion and
neutral bracket from mount plate.
3. Drain hydraulic oil from hydraulic tank (see Change
Hydraulic Fluid in this section).
A. Remove extension spring from the cable support
bracket and neutral arm.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 101
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Pump assembly
Hose
Extension spring
Pump mount plate
Neutral bracket
Flange nut
Flange head screw
Neutral arm
Flange bushing
Thrust washer
90o grease fitting
Electrical
System
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
11. If hydraulic fittings are to be removed from pump,
mark fitting orientation to allow correct assembly.
WARNING
Before disconnecting or performing any work
on the hydraulic system, all pressure in the
system must be relieved. See Relieving Hydraulic System Pressure in the General Information section.
4. Disconnect all hydraulic hoses connected to the hydraulic fittings on the piston and gear pumps. Allow
hoses to drain into a suitable container and plug hose
openings to prevent contamination.
Piston Pump Installation (Fig. 104 & 105)
1. If hydraulic fittings were removed from piston pump,
install fittings to pump using marks made during the removal process to properly orientate fittings.
2. Position and secure piston pump to the pump mount
plate with both flat washers, cap screws, and lock nuts.
3. Place key into pump shaft slot. Slide taper lock bushing onto the piston pump shaft with bushing flange toward pump housing.
4. Make sure that tapered surfaces of pulley and taper
lock bushing are thoroughly clean (no oil, grease, dirt,
rust, etc.).
CAUTION
Support piston and gear pumps when removing
them from the pump support and pump mount
plate to prevent them from falling and causing
personal injury.
5. Remove fasteners and spacers securing the pump
mount plate to the engine and pump support. Note location of cap screws, washers, nuts and spacers for assembly purposes. Pull pump mount plate with pumps,
pump pulley, and idler assembly from the machine.
6. Remove both cap screws and flat washers securing
gear pump to the piston pump. Separate gear pump and
O- ring from the piston pump. Plug openings of gear
pump to prevent contamination.
7. If hydraulic fittings are to be removed from piston
pump, mark fitting orientation to allow correct assembly.
Remove hydraulic fittings and O- rings from the piston
pump as needed.
5. Position pulley to taper lock bushing and align nonthreaded holes of pulley with threaded holes of bushing.
Loosely install three (3) cap screws with lock washers to
bushing and pulley.
6. Install O- rings and hydraulic fittings to their original
positions on the piston pump.
Note: If installing a new gear pump to the piston pump,
make sure to remove the plug from the suction port of
the gear pump (Fig. 106). The gear pump suction fitting
must be on the same side as the trunnion of the piston
pump.
7. Remove plugs from the gear pump. Secure O- ring
and gear pump to the piston pump with both flat washers
and cap screws. Torque fasteners from 27 to 31 ft- lb (37
to 42 N- m).
8. Remove pulley from the taper lock bushing:
A. Remove cap screws securing pulley to the taper
lock bushing.
IMPORTANT: Excessive or unequal pressure on the
cap screws can break the bushing flange.
B. Insert cap screws into threaded removal holes of
the pulley. Tighten screws progressively and evenly
until the pulley is loose on the bushing. Remove
pulley from the bushing.
9. Loosen set screw that secures bushing to piston
pump. Remove bushing from the pump shaft.
10.Remove both lock nuts, flat washers, and cap
screws that secure the piston pump to the pump mount
plate. Remove pump from plate.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
2
1
Figure 106
1.
Page 4 - 102
Gear pump
2.
Suction port
Groundsmaster 3500- D
9. Remove plugs from hydraulic hoses. Connect all hydraulic hoses as follows:
A. Secure O- rings, fittings, and hydraulic hoses to
the gear pump.
IMPORTANT: When tightening bushing cap screws,
tighten in three equal steps and in a circular pattern.
13.Secure taper lock bushing by tightening three (3) cap
screws to a torque from 90 to 120 in- lb (10.2 to 13.6
N- m) in three equal steps and in a circular pattern to secure pulley and taper lock bushing.
B. Connect hydraulic suction hose from the hydraulic tank to the gear pump barb fitting with hose clamp.
14.Check that belt alignment is still correct. If needed,
loosen and re- adjust pulley and taper lock bushing location on pump shaft to allow for correct belt alignment.
C. Secure O- rings, fittings, and hydraulic hoses to
the piston pump.
15.Fill hydraulic tank with new hydraulic fluid (see Traction Unit Operator’s Manual).
10.Install neutral arm assembly to the piston pump as
follows:
16.Adjust traction drive for neutral (see Adjust Traction
Drive for Neutral).
Product Records
and Manuals
8. Position pump mount plate with pumps, pump pulley,
and idler assembly to the machine. Install fasteners and
spacers securing the pump mount plate to the engine
and pump support. Tighten fasteners securely.
12.Using a straight edge across the lower face of the
pump pulley, verify traction belt alignment across engine
and pump pulleys. Slide pulley and taper lock bushing
on pump shaft so that traction belt and straight edge are
aligned indicating correct position of pump pulley. Secure taper lock bushing in position with set screw.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Support piston and gear pumps when installing
them to the machine to prevent them from falling
and causing personal injury.
Hydraulic
System
CAUTION
Safety
11. Install traction belt to the pump pulley (see Replace
Traction Belt).
A. Position neutral bracket to the mount plate and
the pump lever to the pump trunnion.
Electrical
System
B. Secure pump lever to the piston pump trunnion
with flat washer and cap screw.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
C. Secure neutral bracket to the pump mount plate
with flange head screw and flange nut. Secure neutral bracket to the piston pump with both flange head
screws.
D. Connect traction control cable to the pump lever.
CAUTION
The extension spring is under tension and may
cause personal injury during installation. Use
caution when installing the spring to the pump
lever.
E. Install extension spring to the cable support
bracket and neutral arm.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 103
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Piston Pump Service
40 41
19
43
42
18
17
39
4
22
22
38
23
15
12
11
5
6
48
29
10
20
37
19
14
8
15
17
18
47
44
9
45
46
8
3
48
6
2
1
7
24
30
31
25
26
4
31 32
30
33
35
28
21
16
13
38
26
27
34
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Key
Drive shaft
Bearing
Cap screw (3 used per plate)
Cover plate
O- ring
Shim
Bearing cone
Key
Cam plate
Rotating kit
Gasket
Cam plate
Bearing
Dowel pin
Back plate
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
O- ring
107
Plug
Spring
Seat
Bypass valve
Cap screw
Cap screw
Shaft seal
Cover plate
Washer (3 used per plate)
Relief valve
Coupler
Housing
Retaining ring
Thrust washer
Thrust bearing
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
Washer
Shaft seal
Retaining ring
Retaining ring
Cam plate insert
Retaining ring
Washer
Charge relief spring
Charge relief poppet
Charge relief housing
O- ring
Cartridge
O- ring
Bleed- off spring
Bleed- off valve poppet
Bearing cup
NOTE: For repair of the piston pump, see the Eaton
Medium Duty Piston Pump Repair Information Model
70160 Variable Displacement Piston Pump at the end of
this chapter.
IMPORTANT: If a piston pump failure occurred, refer to Traction Circuit (Closed Loop) Component
Failure in the General Information section for information regarding the importance of removing contamination from the traction circuit.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 104
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 105
Electrical
System
This page is intentionally blank.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic
System
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
Gear Pump
5
9
10
4
3
6
7 8
12
11
13
14
2
1
RIGHT
15
FRONT
16
17
27 to 31 ft- lb
(37 to 42 N- m)
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Piston pump
Gear pump
Hydraulic hose (tank suction)
Hydraulic hose (hydraulic manifold)
Hydraulic hose (steering valve)
Hose clamp
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
108
Hydraulic barb
fitting
O- ring
O- ring
90o hydraulic fitting
O- ring
O- ring
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
90o hydraulic fitting
O- ring
Cap screw
Flat washer
O- ring
Removal (Fig. 108)
Installation (Fig. 108)
1. Remove muffler from the engine to gain access to
the gear pump (see Muffler Removal in Chapter 3 - Kubota Diesel Engine).
1. If hydraulic fittings were removed from gear pump,
install fittings to pump using marks made during the removal process to properly orientate fittings.
2. Drain hydraulic oil from hydraulic tank (see Change
Hydraulic Fluid in this section).
IMPORTANT: Position gear pump to the piston
pump so that the gear pump suction port is facing
down.
WARNING
Before disconnecting or performing any work
on the hydraulic system, all pressure in the
system must be relieved. See Relieving Hydraulic System Pressure in the General Information section.
2. Install gear pump to the piston pump using Figure
108 as guide. Torque pump mounting cap screws from
27 to 31 ft- lb (37 to 42 N- m).
3. Fill hydraulic tank with new hydraulic fluid (see Traction Unit Operator’s Manual).
4. Install muffler to the engine (see Muffler Installation
in Chapter 3 - Kubota Diesel Engine).
3. Remove gear pump from the piston pump using Figure 108 as guide.
4. If hydraulic fittings are to be removed from pump,
mark fitting orientation to allow correct assembly.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 106
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 107
Electrical
System
This page is intentionally blank.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic
System
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
Gear Pump Service (Serial Numbers Below 260000400)
1
8
10
11
12
18
14
17
3
12
6
15
14
9
4
10
14
8
8
10
13
7
11
5
12
2
19
12
38 to 43 ft- lb
(51 to 58 N- m)
16
9
10
8
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Front plate
Back plate
Front body
Rear body
Drive gear
Front idler gear
Rear idler gear
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Back- up gasket
109
Rear wear plate
Pressure seal
Front wear plate
O- ring
Adapter Plate
Disassembly (Fig. 109)
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Dowel
Coupler
Drive gear
Shaft seal (if equipped)
Retaining ring (if equipped)
Cap screw
MARKER LINE
1. Plug pump ports and clean the outside of the pump
thoroughly. After cleaning, remove plugs and drain any
oil out of the pump.
2. Use a marker to make a diagonal line across the
front plate, front body, adapter plate, rear body, and back
plate for assembly purposes (Fig. 110).
IMPORTANT: Avoid using excessive clamping
pressure on the pump housing to prevent distorting
the housing.
Figure 110
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 108
Groundsmaster 3500- D
3. Clamp mounting flange of pump in a vise with the
shaft end down.
7. Carefully remove rear body. Lift body straight up to
remove. Make sure the rear wear plate remains on the
drive and idler gear shafts. Remove and discard
O- rings from the rear body.
3. Inspect drive gears and idler gears for the following
(Fig. 111):
A. Drive gear shaft spline should be free of twisted or
broken teeth.
IMPORTANT: Note position of the open and closed
side of the wear plates before removing from the
adapter plate. Also, identify wear plates (front and
rear) for proper reassembly.
B. Gear shafts should be free of rough surfaces and
excessive wear at bushing points and sealing areas.
Scoring, rough surfaces, or wear on gear shafts indicates need for replacement.
8. Carefully remove rear wear plate, idler gear, drive
gear, and front wear plate from the adapter plate.
C. Gear teeth should be free of excessive scoring
and wear. Any broken or nicked gear teeth must be
replaced.
9. Remove coupler from the drive gear shaft.
10.Remove adapter plate.
D. Inspect gear face edge for sharpness. Sharp
edges of gears will mill into wear plates and, thus,
must be replaced.
11. Carefully remove front body. Lift body straight up to
remove. Make sure the rear wear plate remains on the
drive and idler gear shafts. Remove and discard
O- rings from the front body.
3
IMPORTANT: Note position of the open and closed
side of the wear plates before removing from the
front plate. Also, identify wear plates (front and rear)
for proper reassembly.
2
12.Carefully remove rear wear plate, idler gear, drive
gear, and front wear plate from front plate.
13.Remove back- up gasket and pressure seal from all
wear plates.
NOTE: Gear pumps on early production machines may
have had a shaft seal and retaining ring in the front plate.
Pumps used on later production machines did not have
a seal or retaining ring. The seal and retaining ring are
not needed on any Groundsmaster 3500- D.
14.If retaining ring and seal exist in front plate, remove
them from the front plate. Make sure to not damage the
front plate counter bore when removing components.
1
4
Figure 111
1.
2.
Gear shaft spline
Gear shaft
3.
4.
Gear teeth
Gear face edge
4. Inspect gear bodies for excessive scoring, gouges or
wear. Evidence of damage indicates need for component replacement.
15.Discard all removed seals and gaskets.
Inspection (Fig. 109)
1. Remove all nicks and burrs from all pump parts with
emery cloth.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 109
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Product Records
and Manuals
2. Clean all parts with solvent. Dry all parts with compressed air.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
6. Remove back plate from the rear body.
Hydraulic
System
Use eye protection such as goggles when using
compressed air.
Electrical
System
5. Remove pump from the vise. Turn pump so that the
shaft end is facing down. Remove cap screws.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
4. Loosen cap screws from the back plate.
Safety
CAUTION
5. Inspect wear plates for the following:
A. Bearing areas should not have excessive wear or
scoring.
B. Face of wear plates that are in contact with gears
should be free of wear, roughness or scoring.
C. Thickness of wear plates should be equal.
6. Inspect front plate, back plate, and adapter plate for
damage or wear.
8. Install rear wear plate with pressure seal side up and
open side of the pressure seal pointing to the suction
side of the pump.
9. Apply a light coating of petroleum jelly to new
O- rings and O- ring grooves in the front body. Install
new O- rings to the front body.
10.Install locating dowels in front body. Align marker line
on the body and front plate.
Assembly (Fig. 109)
IMPORTANT: Do not dislodge pressure seals,
back- up gaskets or O- rings during pump assembly.
Note: When assembling the pump, check the marker
line on each part to make sure the parts are properly
aligned during reassembly.
11. Gently slide the front body onto the assembly. Firm
hand pressure should be sufficient to engage the dowels.
1. Lubricate O- rings, pressure seals, back- up gaskets, and wear plates with a thin coat of petroleum jelly.
Lubricate all other internal parts freely with clean hydraulic oil.
12.Check to make sure that the surface of the wear plate
is slightly below the face of the front body. If the wear
plate is not below the front body, check assembly for a
shifted pressure seal or O- ring. Correct before proceeding.
NOTE: A seal and retaining ring are not necessary in
the front plate. The gear pump seal kit does not include
these parts.
2. Place front plate on a flat surface with the internal
machined surface facing up.
3. Apply a light coating of petroleum jelly to the pressure seals, back- up gaskets, and wear plate grooves.
4. Install the pressure seals, flat side outward, into the
grooves in the wear plates. Follow by carefully placing
the backup gaskets, flat side outward, between the
pressure seals and the groove in the wear plate.
5. Apply a light coating of petroleum jelly to the exposed
side of the front plate.
6. Lubricate the drive gear shaft with clean hydraulic oil.
Insert the drive end of the drive shaft through the wear
plate with the pressure seal side down and the open side
of the pressure seal pointing to the suction side of the
pump. Carefully install shaft into front plate.
7. Lubricate the front idler gear shaft with clean hydraulic oil. Install idler gear shaft into the remaining position
in the wear plate. Apply a light coating of clean hydraulic
oil to gear faces.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
13.Apply a light coating of petroleum jelly to the exposed
side of the adapter plate.
14.Place adapter plate on assembly using marker line
for proper location. Firm hand pressure should be sufficient to engage the dowels.
15.Install coupler into drive gear.
16.Follow above procedure to install back section of the
pump using the same precautions, lubrication, and
alignment.
17.Install the four screws and hand tighten.
18.Place mounting flange of the pump into a vise with
soft jaws. Alternately torque the screws from 38 to 43 ftlb (51 to 58 N- m).
19.Remove pump from vise.
20.Place a small amount of clean hydraulic oil in the inlet
of the pump and rotate the drive shaft away from the inlet
one revolution. If any binding is noted, disassemble the
pump and check for assembly problems.
Page 4 - 110
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 111
Electrical
System
This page is intentionally blank.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic
System
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
Gear Pump Service (Serial Numbers Above 260000400)
18
11
10
12
19
14
17
2
8
3
6
1
3
2
20
15
13
16
21
13
14
33 ft- lb
(45 N- m)
9
8
7
5
4
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Front cover
Pressure seal
Back- up gasket
Front thrust plate
Idler gear
Drive shaft
Rear thrust plate
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Dowel pin
112
Seal
Body
Seal
Splined connecting shaft
Pressure seal
Back- up gasket
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
Front thrust plate
Idler gear
Drive gear
Rear thrust plate
Rear cover
Washer (4 used)
Cap screw (4 used)
Disassembly (Fig. 112)
NOTE: The gear pump must be replaced as a complete
assembly. Individual gears, housings and thrust plates
are not available separately. Disassemble gear pump
for cleaning, inspection and seal replacement only.
DIAGONAL LINE
1. Plug pump ports and thoroughly clean exterior of
pump with cleaning solvent. Make sure work area is
clean.
2. Use a marker to make a diagonal line across the
gear pump for assembly purposes (Fig. 113).
Figure 113
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 112
Groundsmaster 3500- D
5. Remove pump from vise and remove fasteners.
6. Support the pump assembly and gently tap the pump
case with a soft face hammer to loosen the pump sections. Be careful to not drop parts or disengage gear
mesh.
IMPORTANT: Mark the relative positions of the gear
teeth and the thrust plates so they can be reassembled in the same position. Do not touch the gear surfaces as residue on hands may be corrosive to gear
finish.
1. Apply clean hydraulic oil to all parts before assembling.
NOTE: Pressure seals and back- up gaskets fit in
grooves machined into thrust plates. Body seals fit in
grooves machined in body faces.
2. Assemble pump sections starting at front cover end.
Apply grease or petroleum jelly to new section seals to
hold them in position during gear pump assembly.
3. After pump has been assembled, tighten cap screws
by hand. Rotate the drive shaft to check for binding. Protect the shaft if using a pliers to rotate shaft.
4. Tighten the four (4) cap screws evenly in a crossing
pattern to a torque of 33 ft- lb (45 N- m).
Safety
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
7. Remove the thrust plates and seals from each pump
section. Before removing each gear set, apply marking
dye to mating teeth to retain ”timing”. Pump efficiency
may be affected if the teeth are not installed in the same
position during assembly. Keep the parts for each pump
section together; do not mix parts between sections.
Assembly (Fig. 112)
Product Records
and Manuals
4. Loosen the four (4) cap screws that secure pump assembly.
9. Replace the entire pump assembly if parts are excessively worn or scored.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
3. Secure the front cover of the pump in a vise with the
drive shaft pointing down.
8. Clean all pump parts. Check all components for
burrs, scoring, nicks and other damage.
Hydraulic
System
IMPORTANT: Use caution when clamping gear
pump in a vise to avoid distorting any pump components.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 113
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Steering Control Valve
8
9
RIGHT
20 to 26 ft- lb
(28 to 35 N- m)
11
14 20
27
7
FRONT
21
39
40
10
12
17
28
32
19
33
18
23
2
4
6
22
24
5
35
37
42
8
34
38
44
46
41
26
25
3
36
41
45
3
43
1
29
30
31
13
15
16
2
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Steering arm
Flange nut
Flange head screw
Steering valve bracket
Cap screw
Pivot hub
Steering cover
Cap screw
Toro decal
Ball knob
Steering tilt lever
Steering control valve
Tilt bracket
Cap screw
Flat washer
Flange nut
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
Steering wheel
114
Hydraulic fitting
Hydraulic fitting
Steering wheel nut
Toro decal
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Tilt steering boss
Friction disc
Friction disc
Flat washer
Jam nut
Page 4 - 114
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
Lock nut
Flat washer
Steering shield
O- ring
O- ring
O- ring
O- ring
Philips head screw
Steering wheel cap
Flat washer
Flange nut
Slope indicator
Decal
Lock nut
Cap screw
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Removal
2
1
Safety
WARNING
Before disconnecting or performing any work
on the hydraulic system, all pressure in the
system must be relieved. See Relieving Hydraulic System Pressure in the General Information section.
5
8
7
1. Install steering control valve to the steering column
using Figures 114, 115, and 116 as guides. When installing steering control valve, note position of end cover
protrusion as shown (Fig. 116).
2. Make sure hydraulic tank is full. Add correct oil if necessary (see Check Hydraulic System Fluid).
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Installation
Product Records
and Manuals
4
6
Figure 115
1.
2.
3.
4.
Tilt bracket
Steering valve bracket
Jam nut
Flat washer
5.
6.
7.
8.
Friction disc
Steering tilt lever
Steering arm
Friction disc
Hydraulic
System
1. Remove steering control valve from the steering column using Figures 114, 115, and 116 as guides.
3
5
6
7
2
1
4
Figure 116
1.
2.
3.
4.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 115
Cap screw
Flange nuts
Steering valve bracket
Steering arm
5.
6.
7.
Steering control valve
Steering tilt lever
End cover protrusion
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
3
Steering Control Valve Service (Serial Numbers Below 240000000)
1
2
7
3
2
5
4
17
8
3
9
18
3
34
19
6
12
14
20
13
21
22
3
10
11
36
41
11
23
33
15
24
30
25
11
3
16
26
27
37
28
38
29
39
31
32
40
35
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Nut
Port cover
Seal ring
O- ring
Relief valve cartridge
Plug
Coil spring
Port manifold
Spring
Drive assembly
Alignment pin
Valve ring
Valve plate
Spring
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
117
Isolation manifold
Drive link
Metering ring
Socket head screw
Commutator seal
Commutator cover
Commutator ring
Commutator
Drive link spacer
Rotor
Stator
Drive plate
Thrust bearing spacer
Thrust bearing
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
Face seal
Push nut
Seal spacer
Upper cover plate
Input shaft
Retaining ring
Nut
Retaining plate
Upper cover & jacket assembly
Bushing
Seal
Special bolt
Seal ring (white)
Note: For repair of the steering control valve, see the
Ross Hydraguide TM Hydrostatic Steering System HGF
Series Service Procedure at the end of this chapter.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 116
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Safety
Steering Control Valve Service (Serial Numbers Above 240000000)
8
7
Product Records
and Manuals
6
10
5
4
3
2
11
1
12
22
13
Kubota
Diesel Engine
9
14
Hydraulic
System
15
21
13
16
20
13
18
20 to 24 ft- lb
(27 to 33 N- m)
Electrical
System
17
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Sleeve
Cross pin
Ring
Spool
Bearing assembly
Shaft seal
Ball stop
Ball
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Dust seal ring 118
Housing
Cardan shaft
Spacer
O- ring
Distribution plate
Inner gearwheel
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
Outer gearwheel
End cover
O- ring (5 used)
Screw/fitting (ports L, R, T)
Screw/fitting (ports P and E)
P port check ball
Spring set
NOTE: For service of the steering control valve, see the
Sauer/Danfoss Steering Unit Type OSPM Service
Manual at the end of this chapter.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 117
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
19
Sidewinder
18
19
17
14
13
26
26
1
7
19
11
14
13
9
1
20
1
12
10
31
25
10
11
12
1
22
RIGHT
27
FRONT
27
24
5
9
21
15
6
15
16
28
1
4
30
8
2
3
23
28
32
29
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Bushing
Scissor link
Scissor mount
Cap screw
Flat washer
Lock nut
Scissor frame
Hydraulic cylinder
Spacer
Flat washer
Cap screw
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
Lock nut
119
Welded pin
Flange head screw
Lock nut
Spacer
Hydraulic tube
Hydraulic tube
90o hydraulic fitting
Bulkhead lock nut
Straight hydraulic fitting
Hydraulic hose
Page 4 - 118
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
90o hydraulic fitting
Hydraulic hose
Scissor link
O- ring
O- ring
O- ring
Retaining ring
Lower frame
Frame
Pinch point decal
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Removal
Before disconnecting or performing any work
on the hydraulic system, all pressure in the
system must be relieved. See Relieving Hydraulic System Pressure in the General Information section.
4
3
2
1. Remove hydraulic cylinder from the frame using Figure 119 as guide.
Installation
1
Figure 120
1.
2.
Scissor frame
Lower frame
3.
4.
Sidewinder carrier
Gaps
Hydraulic
System
1. If hydraulic fittings were removed from cylinder,
install fittings to cylinder using marks made during the
removal process to properly orientate fittings.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
2. If hydraulic fittings are to be removed from cylinder,
mark fitting orientation to allow correct assembly.
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
WARNING
2. Install hydraulic cylinder to the frame using Figure
119 as guide.
3. Make sure hydraulic tank is full. Add correct oil if necessary (see Check Hydraulic System Fluid).
Electrical
System
4. Adjust scissors mount as follows:
A. Shift sidewinder fully to the left (fully retract cylinder).
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
B. Loosen four cap screws and locknuts securing
the scissor mount to lower frame.
C. The gap between the scissor frame and lower
frame and the gap between the scissor frame and
the sidewinder carrier must be equal distances within 0.060 inch (1.5 mm).
D. Tighten four cap screws and lock nuts to secure
the scissor mount.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 119
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Front Lift Cylinder
9
6
RIGHT
4
FRONT
34
57
47
42
39
41
40
15
55
32
43
48
28
63
44
58
59
62
61
45
33 46
10
18
49
54
51
21
22
20
26
53
60
31
16
30
28
37
66
29
5
7
12
3
23
24
13
33
53 64
56 27
26
28
17
28
38
33
65
50
8 35 1 36
52
20
25
24
19
2
13
11
14
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
90o hydraulic fitting
Hydraulic cylinder
Sidewinder carrier assembly
Flange nut
Flange head screw
Hydraulic hose
Centering wire
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Slide bracket
Flange nut
Plastic slide
Flange head screw
LIft arm pivot shaft
Roll pin
Cap screw
Flange head screw
Cap screw
Bearing cap
Jam nut
Cap screw
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
Lock nut
121
Thrust washer
Slide support bar
Pin
Spacer
External retaining ring
Bulkhead nut
Hydraulic tube
Bulkhead nut
Carrier stop bracket
Nut
Flange nut
O- ring
O- ring
RH liftarm
LH liftarm
Cap screw
Shaft
Thrust washer
Lynch pin
Rod
Cap screw
Page 4 - 120
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
Cap screw
Torsion spring
Grease fitting
Hair pin
RH deck stop
LH deck stop
Rivet
Rubber bumper
Flange nut
Flange head screw
RH pivot bracket
LH pivot bracket
Front carrier frame
Flat washer
Latch tube
Latch rod
Rod clip
Rivet
Actuator bracket
Carriage screw
RH actuator
LH actuator
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Removal
2
Before disconnecting or performing any work
on the hydraulic system, all pressure in the
system must be relieved. See Relieving Hydraulic System Pressure in the General Information section.
1
1. Remove front lift cylinder from the frame and lift arm
using Figure 121 as guide.
Figure 122
1.
2.
Lift cylinder
Hydraulic hoses
3.
Clearance
Kubota
Diesel Engine
2. If hydraulic fittings are to be removed from lift cylinder, mark fitting orientation to allow correct assembly.
3
Installation
Hydraulic
System
1. If hydraulic fittings were removed from lift cylinder,
install fittings to cylinder using marks made during the
removal process to properly orientate fittings.
Electrical
System
IMPORTANT: With lift arms raised fully, hydraulic
hoses should be routed as shown in Figure 122.
Make sure clearance between hydraulic hose and
lift arm is from 0.040 to 0.120 inches (1.0 to 3.0 mm).
Do not loosen hoses for repositioning without relieving system hydraulic pressure first.
2. Install front lift cylinder to the frame and lift arm using
Figure 121 as guide.
3. Make sure hydraulic tank is full. Add correct oil if necessary (see Check Hydraulic System Fluid).
Page 4 - 121
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
4. Adjust front lift arm (see Adjust Front Lift Arm in
Chapter 7 - Cutting Units).
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
WARNING
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Rear Lift Cylinder
36
40
37
16 3 12
30
15
12
11
28
10
12
13
46
13
15
2
21
14
42
17
44
49
48
9
7
24
38
29
39
5
31
27
41
20
4
46
45
46
23
25
13
6
22
2
18
1
35
33
34
32
47
12
8
RIGHT
26
FRONT
43 19
12
2
3
12
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
Hydraulic tube
Bulkhead locknut
Hydraulic T- fitting
Hydraulic hose
90o hydraulic fitting
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic tube
Straight hydraulic fitting
Castor bushing
Hydraulic cylinder
Thrust washer
O- ring
Bulkhead locknut
Bulkhead elbow union
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic tube
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
123
Hydraulic tube
Hydraulic tube
Tube clamp
O- ring
Cap screw
Lock nut
Rear pivot shaft
Jam nut
Washer
Lift arm assembly
Flange head screw
Thrust washer
Grease fitting
Cutting unit pivot shaft
Cap screw
Cap screw
Page 4 - 122
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
Rebound washer
Thrust washer
Lynch pin
Pop rivet
Wear strip
Rear cutting unit frame
Grease fitting
O- ring
Guard
Cap screw
Cap screw
Lock nut
External retaining ring
Pin
Flat washer
O- ring
Groundsmaster 3500- D
1. If hydraulic fittings were removed from lift cylinder,
install fittings to cylinder using marks made during the
removal process to properly orientate fittings.
Before disconnecting or performing any work
on the hydraulic system, all pressure in the
system must be relieved. See Relieving Hydraulic System Pressure in the General Information section.
1. Remove rear lift cylinder from the frame and lift arm
using Figure 123 as guide.
2. Install rear lift cylinder to the frame and lift arm using
Figure 123 as guide.
3. Make sure hydraulic tank is full. Add correct oil if necessary (see Check Hydraulic System Fluid).
4. Adjust rear lift arm (see Adjust Rear Lift Arm in Chapter 7 - Cutting Units).
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
System
Hydraulic
System
Kubota
Diesel Engine
2. If hydraulic fittings are to be removed from lift cylinder, mark fitting orientation to allow correct assembly.
Product Records
and Manuals
WARNING
Safety
Installation
Removal
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 123
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Lift Cylinder Service
2
3
4
1
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
24 to 30 ft- lb
(33 to 41 N- m)
12
13
14
15
1
1
3
2
12
9
13
5
4
6
7
8
10
11
14
15
1
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Grease fitting
Barrel with clevis
Nut
Uni- ring
Piston
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
O- ring
124
O- ring
Back- up ring
Rod seal
Head
Page 4 - 124
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Internal collar
Dust seal
Shaft
Nut
Clevis
Groundsmaster 3500- D
IMPORTANT: Do not clamp vise jaws against the
shaft surface. Protect shaft surface before mounting in a vice.
4. Mount shaft securely in a vise by clamping on the clevis of the shaft. Remove lock nut and piston from the
shaft. Slide head off the shaft.
5. Remove Uni- ring and O- ring from the piston. Remove O- ring, back- up ring, rod seal, and dust seal from
the head.
Assembly
1. Make sure all parts are clean before assembly.
2. Coat new O- rings, Uni- ring, rod seal, back- up ring,
and dust seal with with clean hydraulic oil.
A. Install Uni- ring and O- ring to the piston.
C. Install piston and nut onto the shaft. Torque nut
from 24 to 30 ft- lb (33 to 41 N- m).
Safety
D. Remove shaft from the vise.
IMPORTANT: Prevent damage when clamping the
hydraulic cylinder into a vise; clamp on the clevis
only.
4. Mount barrel in a vice.
5. Coat all internal parts with a light coat of clean hydraulic oil. Slide piston, shaft, and head assembly into
the barrel being careful not to damage the seals.
6. Secure head in the barrel with internal collar using a
spanner wrench. Tighten collar until snug and the outer
end of the collar is flush with end of the barrel.
7. If clevis was removed from cylinder shaft, fully retract
cylinder shaft and thread jam nut and clevis onto shaft.
Adjust center to center length to dimension shown in
Figure 125 before tightening jam nut.
B. Install rod seal, O- ring, back- up ring, and dust
seal to the head.
10.125” to 10.500”
(25.72 to 26.67 cm)
Figure 125
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Product Records
and Manuals
3. Remove plugs from ports. Extract shaft, head, and
piston by carefully twisting and pulling on the shaft.
B. Slide head onto the shaft. Install rod seal onto
shaft and into head.
Page 4 - 125
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Kubota
Diesel Engine
2. Mount lift cylinder in a vice. Remove internal collar
with a spanner wrench.
A. Coat shaft with with clean hydraulic oil.
Hydraulic
System
IMPORTANT: Prevent damage when clamping the
hydraulic cylinder into a vise; clamp on the clevis
only.
3. Mount shaft securely in a vise by clamping on the clevis of the shaft.
Electrical
System
1. Remove oil from lift cylinder into a drain pan by slowly
pumping the cylinder shaft. Plug both ports and clean
the outside of the cylinder.
IMPORTANT: Do not clamp vise jaws against the
shaft surface. Protect shaft surface before mounting in a vice.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Disassembly
Steering Cylinder
8
3
1
4
7
6
5
8
5
No. 2 General
Purpose Grease
2
7
10
3
No. 2 General
Purpose Grease
9
4
65 to 85 ft- lb
(88 to 115 N- m)
12
9
11
65 to 85 ft- lb
(88 to 115 N- m)
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
O- ring
Hydraulic fitting
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
5.
6.
7.
8.
O- ring
126
Steering cylinder
Ball joint
Retaining ring
Page 4 - 126
9.
10.
11.
12.
Jam nuts
Frame
Rear fork
Rear casting
Groundsmaster 3500- D
2
1
Product Records
and Manuals
NOTE: The rear tire must be removed to allow sufficient
clearance to remove the steering cylinder from the machine.
Figure 127
WARNING
1. Steering cylinder
2. Jam nuts
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Before jacking up the machine, review and follow
Jacking Instructions in Chapter 1 - Safety.
3
2. Jack or lift rear wheel off the ground.
2
3. Remove rear wheel from the drive studs and wheel
hub.
4. Thoroughly clean hydraulic hose ends and fittings on
steering cylinder to prevent hydraulic system contamination.
1
Figure 128
1. Steering cylinder
2. Rear fork
WARNING
3. Jam nuts
Electrical
System
Before disconnecting or performing any work
on the hydraulic system, all pressure in the
system must be relieved. See Relieving Hydraulic System Pressure in the General Information section.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
5. Remove steering cylinder from the frame and rear
fork using Figure 126 as guide.
6. If hydraulic fittings are to be removed from steering
cylinder, mark fitting orientation to allow correct assembly.
Installation (Fig. 126)
1. If hydraulic fittings were removed from steering cylinder, install fittings to cylinder using marks made during
the removal process to properly orientate fittings.
2. Install steering cylinder to the frame and rear fork using Figure 126 as guide. When securing cylinder ball
joints to machine, tighten the first jam nut from 65 to 85
ft- lb (88 to 115 N- m), then tighten the second jam nut
to the same specification.
3. Mount rear wheel to the machine with four (4) lug
nuts. Lower machine to the ground. Torque lug nuts in
a crossing pattern from 45 to 65 ft- lb (61 to 88 N- m).
4. Make sure hydraulic tank is full. Add correct oil if necessary (see Traction Unit Operator’s Manual).
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 127
Hydraulic
System
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake and remove key
from the ignition switch.
Safety
Removal (Fig. 126)
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Steering Cylinder Service
1
11
12
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
2
24 to 30 ft- lb
(33 to 41 N- m)
3
4
1
5
8
6
9
10
11
7
12
Figure
1.
2.
3.
4.
Barrel with clevis
Lock nut
Piston
Uni- ring
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
5.
6.
7.
8.
O- ring
129
Piston rod
Rod seal
Cylinder gland
Page 4 - 128
9.
10.
11.
12.
O- ring
Back- up ring
Retaining ring
Dust seal
Groundsmaster 3500- D
3. Remove plugs from ports. Extract shaft, cylinder
gland, and piston by carefully twisting and pulling on the
shaft.
IMPORTANT: Do not clamp vise jaws against the
shaft surface. Protect shaft surface before mounting in a vice.
3. Mount shaft securely in a vise by clamping on the clevis of the shaft.
B. Slide cylinder gland assembly onto the shaft.
Install piston and lock nut onto the shaft. Torque nut
from 24 to 30 ft- lb (33 to 41 N- m).
4. Mount shaft securely in a vise by clamping on the clevis of the shaft. Remove lock nut and piston from the
shaft. Slide cylinder gland off the shaft.
C. Remove shaft from the vise.
6. Remove back- up ring, O- rings, and rod seal from
the cylinder gland.
Assembly
IMPORTANT: Prevent damage when clamping the
hydraulic cylinder into a vise; clamp on the clevis
only.
4. Mount clevis of the barrel in a vice.
5. Coat all internal parts with a light coat of clean hydraulic oil. Slide piston, shaft, and cylinder gland assembly into the barrel being careful not to damage the seals.
6. Secure head into the barrel with the retaining ring.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
1. Make sure all parts are clean before reassembly.
Safety
A. Coat shaft with a light coat of clean hydraulic oil.
IMPORTANT: Do not clamp vise jaws against the
shaft surface. Protect shaft surface before mounting in a vice.
5. Remove Uni- ring and O- ring from the piston.
Product Records
and Manuals
2. Mount clevis end of steering cylinder in a vice. Remove retaining ring.
B. Install O- rings, back- up ring, and rod seal to the
cylinder gland.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
IMPORTANT: Prevent damage when clamping the
hydraulic cylinder into a vise; clamp on the clevis
only.
A. Install Uni- ring and O- ring to the piston.
Hydraulic
System
1. Remove oil from the steering cylinder into a drain pan
by slowly pumping the cylinder shaft. Plug both ports
and clean the outside of the cylinder.
2. Coat new O- rings, Uni- ring, rod seal, and back- up
ring with with clean hydraulic oil.
Electrical
System
Disassembly
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 4 - 129
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
This page is intentionally blank.
Hydraulic System (Rev. G)
Page 4 - 130
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 5 - 1
15
15
16
16
17
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
24
24
25
28
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Product Records
and Manuals
Cutting Unit Drive Switch (Serial Number
Below 314000000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cutting Unit Drive Switch (Serial Number
Above 314000000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Neutral Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Seat Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parking Brake and Transport/Mow Switches . . .
Fusible Link Harness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High Temp Warning and Shutdown Switches . .
Fuel Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel Stop Solenoid (Solenoid With 3 Wire
Connector) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel Stop Solenoid (Solenoid With 2 Wire
Connector) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Glow Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard Control Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SERVICE AND REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Solenoid Valve Coil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kubota
Diesel Engine
ELECTRICAL SCHEMATICS AND DIAGRAMS . . . 2
SPECIAL TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Starting Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
General Run & Transport Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Cutting Deck Operating Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM QUICK CHECKS . . . . . . . . 7
Battery Test (Open Circuit Test) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Charging System Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Glow Plug System Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Check Operation of Interlock Switches . . . . . . . . . 8
COMPONENT TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Ignition Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Glow Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Interlock, Neutral, Seat, and High Temperature
Shutdown Relays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Hour Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
SRV Valve Solenoid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Diode Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Warning Light Cluster (Serial Number
Below 240000000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Indicator Lights (Serial Number Above
240000000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Hydraulic
Systems
Table of Contents
Electrical
System
Electrical System
Safety
Chapter 5
Electrical Schematics and Diagrams
The electrical schematics and other electrical drawings
for the Groundsmaster 3500- D are located in Chapter
8 - Electrical Diagrams.
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Page 5 - 2
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Special Tools
Safety
Order special tools from your Toro Distributor. Some
tools may also be available from a local supplier.
Multimeter
Product Records
and Manuals
The meter can test electrical components and circuits
for current, resistance, or voltage.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
NOTE: Toro recommends the use of a DIGITAL VoltOhm- Amp multimeter when testing electrical circuits.
The high impedance (internal resistance) of a digital meter in the voltage mode will make sure that excess current is not allowed through the meter. This excess
current can cause damage to circuits not designed to
carry it.
Hydraulic
Systems
Figure 1
Battery Terminal Protector
Electrical
System
Battery Terminal Protector (Toro Part No. 107- 0392) is
an aerosol spray that should be used on battery terminals to reduce corrosion problems. Apply terminal protector after battery cable has been secured to battery
terminal.
Figure 2
Dielectric Gel
Toro Part Number: 107- 0342
Dielectric gel should be used to prevent corrosion of unsealed connection terminals. To ensure complete coating of terminals, liberally apply gel to both component
and wire harness connector, plug connector to component, unplug connector, reapply gel to both surfaces and
reconnect harness connector to component. Connectors should be thoroughly packed with gel for effective
results.
Do not use dielectric gel on sealed connection terminals
as the gel can unseat connector seals during assembly.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 5 - 3
Figure 3
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Troubleshooting
For effective troubleshooting and repairs, you must
have a good understanding of the electrical circuits and
components used on this machine (see Electrical Diagrams - Chapter 8).
CAUTION
Remove all jewelry, especially rings and
watches, before doing any electrical troubleshooting or testing. Disconnect the battery
cables unless the test requires battery voltage.
If the machine has any interlock switches by- passed,
they must be reconnected for proper troubleshooting
and safety.
Starting Problems
Problem
Possible Causes
Starter solenoid clicks, but starter will not crank
(if solenoid clicks, problem is not in safety interlock
system).
Low battery charge.
Loose or corroded battery cables.
Loose or corroded ground.
Faulty wiring at the starter.
Faulty starter solenoid.
Nothing happens when start attempt is made.
The traction pedal is not in neutral position or the
neutral switch is faulty.
Cutting unit drive switch is in the ENGAGE position or
faulty.
Parking brake is disengaged with seat unoccupied.
The engine is too hot or the over temperature shut
down relay is faulty.
The battery is dead.
Fuse F1 or F3 is faulty or blown.
Loose or corroded battery or ground cables.
Loose or corroded ground.
Wiring in the crank circuit (see Electrical Diagrams Chapter 8) is loose, corroded, or damaged.
The ignition switch is faulty.
Starter solenoid wiring loose, corroded or damaged.
Starter solenoid is faulty.
The interlock relay is faulty.
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Page 5 - 4
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Engine cranks, but does not start.
Wiring in the crank circuit (see Electrical Diagrams Chapter 8) is loose, corroded, or damaged.
Engine run solenoid or fuel pump is faulty.
The fuel tank is empty. An engine or fuel system
problem exists.
The glow circuit does not operate properly.
The glow circuit does not operate properly.
Wiring in the glow circuit (see Electrical Diagrams Chapter 8) is loose, corroded, or damaged.
The glow relay or glow plug controller is faulty.
Fuse F4 is blown or faulty.
The cutting unit drive switch is faulty or short circuited.
Short circuit in cutting unit neutral switch circuit.
General Run and Transport Problems
Engine stops running during operation (operator sitting
on seat).
Operator moved too far forward on seat (seat switch is
not depressed).
The engine overheated.
The parking brake was engaged or the parking brake
switch No. 1 failed.
The seat relay or seat switch failed.
The high temperature shutdown relay failed.
Fuse F1 or F3 is faulty or blown.
The run solenoid or fuel pump failed.
Wiring in the run circuit (see Electrical Diagrams Chapter 8) is broken or disconnected.
Battery does not charge.
Loose or broken wire(s).
Faulty alternator.
Dead battery.
Alternator warning lamp is faulty or burned out.
Alternator warning lamp wiring is loose, corroded or
damaged.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 5 - 5
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Electrical
System
Hydraulic
Systems
Engine cranks (but should not) with the cutting unit
drive switch in the ENGAGE position.
Product Records
and Manuals
Possible Causes
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Problem
Safety
Starting Problems (continued)
Cutting Deck Operating Problems
The cutting units will not run with the mow/transport
slide in MOW and the cutting unit drive switch in
ENGAGE with the rotary decks lowered.
Wiring to the cutting unit drive circuit (see Electrical
Diagrams - Chapter 8) is loose, corroded, or
damaged.
Fuse F4 is faulty or blown.
The SRV coil (R1) on the hydraulic manifold is faulty or
the valve is stuck.
The cutting unit drive switch is faulty.
The cutting unit up limit or mow/transport slide is faulty
or misadjusted.
There is insufficient hydraulic oil pressure to turn the
cutting units (see Troubleshooting in Chapter - 4Hydraulic System).
The cutting units run, but should not run, when raised.
Electrical System (Rev. G)
The SRV coil (R1) on the hydraulic manifold is faulty or
the valve is stuck.
Page 5 - 6
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Battery Test (Open Circuit Test)
Use a multimeter to measure the voltage between the
battery terminals.
Voltage Measured
Battery Charge Level
12.68 V (or higher)
Fully charged (100%)
Set multimeter to the DC volts setting. The battery
should be at a temperature of 60o to 100oF (16o to
38oC). The ignition key should be off and all accessories
turned off. Connect the positive (+) meter lead to the
positive battery post and the negative (- ) meter lead to
the negative battery post.
12.45 V
75% charged
12.24 V
50% charged
12.06 V
25% charged
11.89 V
0% charged
Kubota
Diesel Engine
NOTE: This test provides a relative condition of the battery. Load testing of the battery will provide additional
and more accurate information.
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
Electrical System Quick Check
Start the engine and run at high idle (3200 RPM). Allow
the battery to charge for at least 3 minutes. Record the
battery voltage.
Tool required: Digital multimeter set to DC volts.
After running the engine for at least 3 minutes, battery
voltage should be at least 0.50 volt higher than initial battery voltage.
Test instructions: Connect the positive (+) multimeter
lead to the positive battery post and the negative (- )
multimeter lead to the negative battery post. Keep the
test leads connected to the battery posts and record the
battery voltage.
NOTE: Upon starting the engine, the battery voltage
will drop and then should increase once the engine is
running.
NOTE: Depending upon the condition of the battery
charge and battery temperature, the charging system
voltage will increase at different rates as the battery
charges.
Example of a charging system that is functioning:
At least 0.50 volt over initial battery voltage.
Initial Battery Voltage
= 12.30 v
Battery Voltage after 3 Minute Charge
= 12.95 v
Difference
= +0.65 v
Glow Plug System Test
This is a fast, simple test that can help to determine the
integrity and operation of the Groundsmaster 3500- D
glow plug system. The test should be run anytime hard
starting (cold engine) is encountered on a diesel engine
equipped with a glow plug system.
Tool(s) required: Digital multimeter and/or inductive
Ammeter (AC/DC Current Transducer).
Test instructions: Properly connect the ammeter to the
digital multimeter (refer to manufacturers’ instructions).
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Set the multimeter to the correct scale. With the ignition
switch in the OFF position, place the ammeter pickup
around the main glow plug power supply wire and read
the meter prior to activating the glow plug system. Adjust
the meter to read zero (if applicable). Activate the glow
plug system (see Traction Unit Operator’s Manual) and
record the multimeter results.
The Groundsmaster 3500- D glow plug system should
have a reading of approximately 27 Amps.
Page 5 - 7
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Electrical
System
This is a simple test used to determine if a charging system is functioning. It will tell you if the charging system
has an output, but not its capacity.
Hydraulic
Systems
Charging System Test
Check Operation of Interlock Switches
2. With operator on the seat, the engine must not start
with either the cutting unit drive switch in the ENGAGE
position or the traction pedal engaged. Correct problem
if not operating properly.
CAUTION
The interlock switches are for the operator’s
protection; do not disconnect them. Check the
operation of the interlock switches daily for
proper operation. Replace any malfunctioning
switches before operating the machine.
NOTE: The machine is equipped with an interlock
switch on the parking brake. The engine will stop if the
traction pedal is depressed with the parking brake engaged.
3. With operator on the seat, the traction pedal in neutral, the parking brake off, and the cutting unit drive
switch in the DISENGAGE position, the engine should
start. Lift off the seat and slowly depress traction pedal,
the engine should stop in one to three seconds. Correct
problem if not operating properly.
1. Make sure all bystanders are away from the area of
operation. Keep hands and feet away from rotary decks.
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Page 5 - 8
Groundsmaster 3500- D
NOTE: For more component testing information, see
the Kubota Workshop Manual, Diesel Engine, 05 Series.
CAUTION
When testing electrical components for continuity with a multimeter (ohms setting), make sure
that power to the circuit has been disconnected.
Ignition Switch
Y
A
Kubota
Diesel Engine
The ignition (key) switch has three positions (OFF, ON/
PREHEAT, and START). The terminals are marked as
shown. The circuitry of the ignition switch is shown in the
chart below. With the use of a multimeter (ohms setting),
the switch functions may be tested to determine whether
continuity exists between the various terminals for each
position. Verify continuity between switch terminals.
Product Records
and Manuals
For accurate resistance and/or continuity checks, electrically disconnect the component being tested from the
circuit (e.g. unplug the ignition switch connector before
doing a continuity check on the switch).
Safety
Component Testing
B
S
NORMAL
CIRCUITS
OTHER
CIRCUITS
OFF
NONE
NONE
ON/PREHEAT
B+A+I
X+Y
START
B+S+I
NONE
X
Figure 4
3
2
Electrical
System
SWITCH
POSITION
Hydraulic
Systems
I
1
1. Switch
2. Key
4
Figure 5
3. Hex nut
4. Lock washer
OFF
45 
ON/PREHEAT
45 
START
Figure 6
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 5 - 9
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Glow Relay
The glow relay is attached to the radiator assembly.
When energized, the glow relay allows electrical current
to the engine glow plugs.
Two styles of glow relays have been used on the
Groundsmaster 3500- D. On machines with serial numbers below 240000000, two of the four relay connections are secured with screws (Fig. 7). On machines with
serial numbers above 240000000, the glow relay is attached to the wire harness with a four wire connector
(Fig. 8).
86
87
85
30
87
85
30
86
Figure 7
1. Verify coil resistance between terminals 86 and 85
with a multimeter (ohms setting).
A. On machines with serial numbers below
240000000, resistance should be from 41 to 51
ohms.
86
87
30
85
B. On machines with serial numbers above
240000000, resistance should be approximately 72
ohms.
85
30
2. Connect multimeter (ohms setting) leads to relay terminals 30 and 87. Ground terminal 86 and apply +12
VDC to terminal 85. The relay should make and break
continuity between terminals 30 and 87 as +12 VDC is
applied and removed from terminal 85.
86
87
Figure 8
3. Disconnect voltage and leads from the terminals.
Interlock, Neutral, Seat, and High Temperature Shutdown Relays
These relays are located in the control panel on machines with Serial Numbers below 240000000.
86
87A
87
87
1. Verify coil resistance between terminals 86 and 85
with a multimeter (ohms setting). Resistance should be
from 80 to 90 ohms. There should be continuity between
terminals 87A and 30.
2. Connect multimeter (ohms setting) leads to relay terminals 30 and 87. Ground terminal 86 and apply +12
VDC to terminal 85. The relay should make and break
continuity between terminals 30 and 87 as +12 VDC is
applied and removed from terminal 85.
86
85
30
85
30
3. Disconnect voltage from terminal 85 and multimeter
lead from terminal 87.
4. Connect multimeter (ohms setting) leads to relay terminals 30 and 87A. Apply +12 VDC to terminal 85. The
relay should make and break continuity between terminals 30 and 87A as +12 VDC is applied and removed
from terminal 85.
5. Disconnect voltage and multimeter leads from the
relay terminals.
Electrical System (Rev. G)
87A
Page 5 - 10
TOP VIEW
Figure 9
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Hour Meter
Safety
1. Connect the positive (+) terminal of a 12 VDC source
to the positive terminal of the hour meter.
Hobbs
00001
HOURS
3. The hour meter should move 1/10 of an hour in six
minutes.
1
10
Product Records
and Manuals
QUARTZ
Kubota
Diesel Engine
+
4. Disconnect the voltage source from the hour meter.
BACK
Figure 10
SRV Valve Solenoid
The hydraulic system on the Groundsmaster 3500- D
uses a solenoid valve coil on the hydraulic manifold (Fig.
12). When the solenoid valve coil is energized, spool
shift in the valve will direct hydraulic flow to the cutting
decks.
2
Electrical
System
1
Two versions of solenoid coils have been used on the
Groundsmaster 3500- D. Earlier coils had a short harness with a two pin connector (Fig. 11). Later coils use
a use a connector incorporated into the coil body (Fig.
12). Function and testing of the coils is the same.
Testing
3
1. Make sure engine is off. Disconnect wire harness
electrical connector from the solenoid valve coil.
NOTE: Prior to taking small resistance readings with a
digital multimeter, short the test leads together. The meter will display a small resistance value (usually 0.5
ohms or less). This resistance is due to the internal resistance of the meter and test leads. Subtract this value
from the measured value of the component you are testing.
1.
2.
Manifold assembly
Solenoid valve
Figure 11
3.
Coil connector
2
2. Measure resistance between the two connector terminals on the solenoid coil. The resistance should be
approximately 7.2 ohms.
1
3. Reconnect electrical connector to the solenoid.
4. If solenoid coil needs replacement, see PTO Solenoid Valve Coil in the Service and Repairs section of this
chapter.
Figure 12
1. Manifold assembly
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Hydraulic
Systems
2. Connect the negative (- ) terminal of the voltage
source to the other terminal of the hour meter.
Page 5 - 11
2. Solenoid valve coil
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Diode Assemblies
The diodes D1, D2, and D4 provide logic for the interlock
switches. Diode D3 is used for circuit protection from inductive voltage spikes when the interlock relay is de- energized. Two types of diodes have been used on the
Groundsmaster 3500- D:
2
1. On early production machines, the diodes are located within the main wiring harness that lies under the
hydraulic tank and control console (Fig. 13).
2. Later production machines use diodes that plug into
the wiring harness (Fig. 14). Location of the diodes is under the control console.
NOTE: Machines equipped with the standard control
module (serial numbers above 240000000) use only
one diode.
3
4
1. Diode
2. Male terminal blade
1
Figure 13
3. Female terminal blade
4. Clear PVC tubing
2
Testing
The diodes can be individually tested using a digital
multimeter (diode test or ohms setting) and the tables
below.
1. Diodes located within the main harness (Fig. 13):
Multimeter
Multimeter
Black Lead (- )
Red Lead (+)
on
on
Terminal Blade Terminal Blade
Continuity
Male
Female
YES
Female
Male
NO
3
1
1. Diode
2. Male terminal
Figure 14
3. Female terminal
2. Plug- in style diodes (Fig. 14):
Multimeter
Red Lead (+)
on Terminal
Multimeter
Black Lead (- )
on Terminal
Continuity
Female
Male
YES
Male
Female
NO
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Page 5 - 12
Groundsmaster 3500- D
NOTE: Individual light bulbs can be tested by removing
them from the lighting cluster and applying 12 VDC to
their wiring terminals.
FRONT
OIL
(RED)
COOLANT
(RED)
Safety
Warning Light Cluster (Serial Numbers Below 240000000)
GLOW
(AMBER)
BATTERY
(AMBER)
2. Ground gray wire to the engine block.
3. Turn the ignition switch to ON/PREHEAT; the light
should come on.
4. Turn the ignition switch to OFF. Connect gray wire to
the oil pressure switch.
A
F
B
E
Kubota
Diesel Engine
1. Disconnect gray wire from the oil pressure switch.
When the coolant temperature is above 221oF (105oC),
the high temperature light should come on. However,
the high temperature shutdown switch and relay do not
stop the engine until the coolant temperature is above
230oF (110oC).
A
B
C
D
BACK
E
Hydraulic
Systems
High Temperature (Water) Warning Light
F
Figure 15
Glow Light
The glow light should come on when the ignition switch
is placed in ON/PREHEAT prior to placing the ignition
switch in START. The glow light stays on for 10 seconds
while left in ON/PREHEAT.
Battery Light
The battery light should come on when the ignition
switch is in the ON/PREHEAT position with the engine
not running, or with an improperly operating charging
circuit while the engine is running.
1. Turn ignition switch to ON/PREHEAT; the battery
light should come on.
GLOW
E
BATT
F
OIL
A
COOLANT
C
D
Figure 16
2. Turn ignition switch to OFF.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
B
Page 5 - 13
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Electrical
System
The oil pressure light should come on when the ignition
switch is in the ON/PREHEAT position with the engine
not running. Also, it should light with the engine running
when the oil pressure drops below 7 PSI (0.4 kg/cm2).
Product Records
and Manuals
Oil Pressure Light
Indicator Lights (Serial Numbers Above 240000000)
Charge Indicator Light
2
3
The charge indicator light should come on when the ignition switch is in the ON position with the engine not running. Also, it should illuminate with an improperly
operating charging circuit while the engine is running.
4
1
Engine Oil Pressure Light
The engine oil pressure light should come on when the
ignition switch is in the ON position with the engine not
running. Also, it should illuminate with the engine running if the engine oil pressure drops to an unsafe level.
IMPORTANT: If the oil pressure indicator light is illuminated with the engine running, shut off the engine immediately.
To test the oil pressure light and circuit wiring, ground the
wire attached to oil pressure switch located on the engine near the oil filter. Turn ignition switch to the ON position; the engine oil pressure light should come on
indicating correct operation of the indicator light and circuit wiring.
Figure 17
1. Charge indicator
2. Engine oil pressure
3. High temp shutdown
4. Glow plug indicator
5
2
3
High Temperature Warning Light
6
1
If the engine coolant temperature reaches 221oF
(105oC) (approximate), the high temperature warning
light should come on.
To test the high temperature warning light and circuit wiring, turn ignition switch to the ON position and ground
the gray wire attached to high temperature sender located on the engine water pump housing (see Temperature Sender in this Chapter). The high temperature
warning light should illuminate.
4
1B (- )
1A (+)
2B (- )
2A (+)
Figure 18
Glow Plug Indicator Light
The glow plug light should come on when the ignition
switch is placed in the ON position prior to placing the
ignition switch in START. The light should stay lit for
approximately 6 seconds while the ignition switch is left
in the ON position.
1. Charge indicator
2. Engine oil pressure
3. High temperature
4. Glow plug indicator
5. Indicator light front
6. Indicator light back
Testing Indicator Lights
1. Apply 12 VDC to terminals 1A and 2A (Fig. 18).
2. Ground terminals 1B and 2B (Fig. 18).
3. Both indicator lights should illuminate.
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Page 5 - 14
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Cutting Unit Drive Switch (Serial Number Below 314000000)
NORMAL
CIRCUITS
OTHER
CIRCUITS
ENGAGE
5+6
2+3
DISENGAGE
1+2
4+5
Product Records
and Manuals
1
Figure 19
1. Control panel
2. Cutting unit drive switch
BACK OF SWITCH
Hydraulic
Systems
SWITCH
POSITION
2
Electrical
System
Figure 20
Cutting Unit Drive Switch (Serial Number Above 314000000)
The cutting unit drive switch is located on the control
panel and allows the decks to be engaged or disengaged. Along with additional switches in the interlock
system, the cutting unit drive switch controls the solenoid valve on the hydraulic manifold. The cutting unit
drive switch used on machines with serial number
above 314000000 is a six (6) terminal switch that is illustrated in Fig. 21.
The switch terminals are marked as shown in Fig. 21.
The circuitry of the ignition switch is shown in the chart
to the right. With the use of a multimeter (ohms setting),
the switch functions may be tested to determine whether
continuity exists between the various terminals for each
position. Verify continuity between switch terminals.
BACK OF SWITCH
4
1
2
5
6
3
Figure 21
1. COM B terminal
2. NO B terminal
3. NC B terminal
NOTE: Only cutting unit drive switch terminals COM C
and NO C are used on Groundsmaster 3500- D machines.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Kubota
Diesel Engine
The switch terminals are marked as shown in Fig. 20.
The circuitry of the ignition switch is shown in the chart
below. With the use of a multimeter (ohms setting), the
switch functions may be tested to determine whether
continuity exists between the various terminals for each
position. Verify continuity between switch terminals.
Safety
The cutting unit drive switch is located on the control
panel (Fig. 19). This switch allows the decks to be engaged or disengaged. Along with additional switches in
the interlock system, the cutting unit drive switch controls the solenoid valve on the hydraulic manifold. The
cutting unit drive switch used on machines with serial
number below 314000000 is a six (6) terminal rocker
switch.
4. COM C terminal
5. NO C terminal
6. NC C terminal
SWITCH
POSITION
CLOSED
CIRCUITS
OPEN
CIRCUITS
OFF (DOWN)
COM B + NC B
COM C + NC C
COM B + NO B
COM C + NO C
ON (UP)
COM B + NO B
COM C + NO C
COM B + NC B
COM C + NC C
Page 5 - 15
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Neutral Switch
The neutral switch is a proximity type, normally open
reed switch that closes when the traction pedal is in the
neutral position. The neutral switch is located under the
floor support plate.
6. Switch adjustment: neutral switch should be
installed so that the pin on the traction pedal (neutral
position) is centered with the switch.
1. Disconnect electrical connector from the neutral
switch.
2
2. Check the continuity of the switch by connecting a
multimeter (ohms setting) across the connector terminals.
3. With the traction pedal in the neutral position, there
should be continuity between the two switch leads.
4. Slowly depress the traction pedal. The continuity tester should show no continuity as the pedal is moved in
either the forward or reverse direction.
3
1
Figure 22
5. Reconnect switch after testing.
1. Neutral switch
2. Floor support plate
3. Switch bracket
Seat Switch
The seat switch is normally open and closes when the
operator is on the seat. If the neutral switch or traction
interlock switch is open when the operator raises out of
the seat, the engine will stop.
2
The standard seat uses a switch that is fastened to the
underside of the seat (Fig. 23). The deluxe seat has a
switch that is mounted to the seat base under the cushion. The switch electrical connector for either seat type
is located directly under the seat. Testing is the same for
either switch type:
1. Make sure the engine is off. Remove seat by removing four cap screws that secure seat mounting straps to
traction unit.
1
Figure 23
1. Standard seat switch
2. Electrical connector
2. Disconnect electrical connector from the switch.
3. Check the continuity of the switch by connecting a
multimeter (ohms setting) across the connector terminals.
4. With no pressure on the seat, there should be no
continuity between the seat switch terminals.
5. Press directly onto the seat switch through the seat
cushion. There should be continuity as the seat cushion
approaches the bottom of its travel.
6. Reconnect switch connector. Reinstall seat assembly.
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Page 5 - 16
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Parking Brake and Transport/Mow Switches
Safety
The switches used for the parking brake and transport/
mow are the same, normally closed switch. The parking
brake switch is located under the dash cover and opens
when the parking brake lever is engaged. The transport/
mow switch is located under the floor plate and opens
when the transport/mow slide is in the transport position.
2. Disconnect electrical connector from the switch.
3. Check the continuity of the switch by connecting a
multimeter (ohms setting) across the connector terminals.
1
Figure 24
1. Parking brake switch
2. Parking brake lever
4. When the switch plunger is extended there should be
continuity between the switch terminals.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
1. Make sure the engine is off. Locate switch for testing.
Product Records
and Manuals
2
Figure 25
1. Transport/Mow switch
Fusible Link Harness
The Groundsmaster 3500- D uses three (3) fusible links
for circuit protection. These fusible links are located in
a harness that connects the starter B+ terminal to the
main wire harness. If any of these links should fail, current to the protected circuit will cease. Refer to wire harness drawings in Chapter 8 - Electrical Diagrams for
additional fusible link information.
Use a multimeter to make sure that continuity exists between each terminal pin in connector P1 and connector
J1 at the starter (Fig. 26). If any of the fusible links are
open, replace the complete harness.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 5 - 17
FUSIBLE LINK
FUSIBLE LINK
FUSIBLE LINK
Figure 26
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Electrical
System
1
6. Reconnect switch connector.
Hydraulic
Systems
5. When the switch plunger is depressed, there should
be no continuity between the switch terminals.
High Temperature Warning and Shutdown Switches
The high temperature warning and shutdown switches
are located on the water pump housing, which is located
on the rear end of the engine block. The high temperature shutdown switch is on the alternator side of the engine (Fig. 27).
3
1
CAUTION
2
Make sure engine is cool before removing the
temperature switch.
1. Lower coolant level in the engine and remove the
temperature switch.
2. Put switch in a container of oil with a thermometer
and slowly heat the oil (Fig. 28).
Figure 27
1. Temp. warning switch
2. Temp. shutdown switch
3. Water pump housing
VOA
CAUTION
Handle the hot oil with extreme care to prevent
personal injury or fire.
3. Check continuity of the switch with a multimeter
(ohms setting).
A. The high temperature warning switch is normally
open and should close between 216 to 226oF (102 to
108oC).
Figure 28
B. The high temperature shutdown switch is normally open and should close between 225 to 235oF (107
to 113oC).
4. Allow oil to cool while observing temperature.
A. The high temperature warning switch should
open at about 208oF (98oC).
B. The high temperature shutdown switch should
open at about 219oF (104oC).
5. Replace switch if necessary.
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Page 5 - 18
Groundsmaster 3500- D
The fuel pump is attached to the frame just outboard of
the fuel injection pump.
Safety
Fuel Pump
2
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting
decks, stop engine, and engage parking brake. Unlatch
and raise hood.
1
2. Disconnect electrical connector from the fuel stop
solenoid to prevent the engine from firing.
3. Disconnect fuel hose (pump discharge) from the fuel
filter.
5. Place fuel hose (pump discharge) into a large, graduated cylinder sufficient enough to collect 1 quart (0.95
liter).
Fuel Pump Specifications
Pump Capacity
IMPORTANT: When testing the fuel pump, DO NOT
turn ignition switch to START.
6. Collect fuel in the graduated cylinder by turning ignition switch to the RUN position. Allow pump to run for
time listed below, then return switch to OFF.
A. For most Groundsmaster 3500- D machines, the
amount of fuel collected in the graduated cylinder
should be approximately 11.8 fl oz (350 ml) after
thirty (30) seconds.
3. Fuel filter
4. Fuel stop solenoid
Pressure
Max. Current
Draw
23.5 fl oz/min (695 ml/min)
3.3 psi (22.8 kPa)
0.9 amp
Note: Fuel pump specifications for machines
equipped with a Biodiesel Conversion Kit are as follows:
Pump Capacity
B. For machines that are equipped with a Biodiesel
Conversion Kit, the amount of fuel collected in the
graduated cylinder should be approximately 16 fl oz
(475 ml) after fifteen (15) seconds.
Pressure
Current Draw
64 fl oz/min (1.9 liters/min)
7 PSI (48.3 kPa)
2.0 amp
7. Replace fuel pump as necessary. Install fuel hose to
the fuel filter.
8. Reconnect electrical connector to the fuel stop solenoid.
9. Bleed fuel system.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Figure 29
1. Fuel pump
2. Fuel hose (discharge)
Page 5 - 19
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Hydraulic
Systems
4. Make sure fuel hoses attached to the fuel pump are
free of obstructions.
3
Electrical
System
Operational Test
Product Records
and Manuals
4
Fuel Stop Solenoid (Solenoid With 3 Wire Connector)
The fuel stop solenoid must be energized for the engine
to run. It is mounted on the engine block near the injection pump.
2
The fuel stop solenoid includes two coils for operation:
the pull coil and the hold coil. When the ignition switch
is turned to START, the fuel stop solenoid is initially energized and the pull coil retracts the solenoid plunger.
Once the plunger is retracted, the hold coil will keep it retracted for continued engine operation. When the solenoid is de- energized, the plunger extends to shut off fuel
supply to the engine causing the engine to stop running.
The fuel stop solenoid is grounded through the common
(black) wire of the solenoid wire connector.
NOTE: Refer to Chapter 8 - Electrical Diagrams when
troubleshooting the fuel stop solenoid.
1
Figure 30
1. Injection pump
Testing
2. Fuel stop solenoid
6
3
NOTE: Prior to taking small resistance readings with a
digital multimeter, short the test leads together. The meter will display a small resistance value (usually 0.5
ohms or less). This resistance is due to the internal resistance of the meter and test leads. Subtract this value
from the measured value of the component you are testing.
5
1
1. Make sure ignition switch is in the OFF position. Disconnect the connector from the solenoid.
2. Using a digital multimeter, touch one test lead to the
pin of the black wire and the other test lead to the pin of
the white wire (Fig. 31). The resistance of the pull coil
should be about 0.33 ohms.
4
2
Figure 31
1. Cap screw
2. Fuel stop solenoid
3. Gasket
4. Common (Black wire)
5. Hold coil (Red wire)
6. Pull coil (White wire)
3. Using a digital multimeter, touch one test lead to the
pin of the black wire and the other test lead to the pin of
the red wire (Fig. 31). The resistance of the hold coil
should be about 12.2 ohms.
4. Connect solenoid to the wiring harness.
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Page 5 - 20
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Fuel Stop Solenoid (Solenoid With 2 Wire Connector)
The fuel stop solenoid used on the Groundsmaster
3505- D must be energized for the diesel engine to run.
The solenoid is mounted to the injection pump on the engine (Fig. 32).
The fuel stop solenoid includes two coils for operation:
the pull coil and the hold coil. When the ignition switch
is turned to START, the fuel stop solenoid is initially energized and the pull coil retracts the solenoid plunger.
Once the plunger is retracted, the hold coil will keep it retracted for continued engine operation. When the solenoid is de- energized, the plunger extends to shut off fuel
supply to the engine causing the engine to stop running.
The fuel stop solenoid is grounded through the solenoid
housing.
1
2
Figure 32
1. Fuel stop solenoid
2. Harness connector
NOTE: Refer to Chapter 8 - Electrical Diagrams when
troubleshooting the fuel stop solenoid.
2
1
In Place Testing
NOTE: Prior to taking small resistance readings with a
digital multimeter, short the test leads together. The meter will display a small resistance value (usually 0.5
ohms or less). This resistance is due to the internal resistance of the meter and test leads. Subtract this value
from the measured value of the component you are testing.
Figure 33
1. Fuel stop solenoid
2. Pull coil terminal
3. Hold coil terminal
2. Using a digital multimeter, touch one test lead to the
pull coil terminal and the other test lead to the fuel stop
solenoid frame (ground) (Fig. 33). The resistance of the
pull coil should be less than 1 ohm (but not zero).
3. Using a digital multimeter, touch one test lead to the
hold coil terminal and the other test lead to the fuel stop
solenoid frame (ground) (Fig. 33). The resistance of the
hold coil should be approximately 15 ohms.
4. Connect solenoid to the wiring harness.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 5 - 21
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Electrical
System
1. Make sure ignition switch is in the OFF position. Disconnect wire harness connector from fuel stop solenoid.
3
Glow Controller
The controller is located under the right, lower corner of
the instrument panel.
NOTE: Refer to Electrical Diagrams - Chapter 8 when
troubleshooting the glow controller.
Controller Operation
1. When the ignition switch is placed in the RUN position, the controller energizes the glow plugs and lights
up the glow lamp for 10 seconds.
2. When the ignition switch is held in the START position, the glow plugs will energize while the switch is held
in START and the glow lamp will not light.
3. When the ignition switch is released from START to
RUN, the glow plugs will de- energize and the glow lamp
will remain off.
5. If any of the conditions in Step 3 are not met or power
to terminal 1 exists and any of the other conditions in
Step 4 are not met:
A. Verify continuity of the circuitry from the battery to
the glow relay and glow plugs (see Electrical Diagrams - Chapter 8).
B. Verify continuity of the circuitry from the battery to
ignition switch, glow controller, glow lamp, glow
relay, and ground (see Electrical Diagrams - Chapter 8).
C. Replace parts as necessary.
6. Connect electrical connector to the fuel stop solenoid.
2
Controller Checks
1. Make sure there is power from the battery.
3
6
2. Disconnect electrical connector to the fuel stop solenoid to prevent the engine from starting.
2
5
1
4
3. Place ignition switch in the RUN position. Verify the
following while in the RUN position:
A. Glow indicator lamp is on.
1
B. Glow relay is energized.
3
C. Glow plugs are energized.
D. Glow indicator lamp goes out and glow plugs deenergize after 10 seconds.
Figure 34
1. Glow controller end view
2. Top view
3. Side view
4. Place ignition switch in the START position. Verify
the following while in the START position:
A. Glow indicator lamp is out.
B. Glow relay is energized.
C. Glow plugs are energized.
D. Power exists at terminal 1 of the glow controller.
NOTE: If there is no power to terminal 1 of the glow controller, verify continuity of the circuitry from the ignition
switch to the controller and perform Step 4 again (see
Electrical Diagrams - Chapter 8).
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Page 5 - 22
Groundsmaster 3500- D
The Standard Control Module does not connect to an
external computer or hand held device, can not be reprogrammed, and does not record intermittent fault
data.
The Standard Control Module can be used to check operation of machine switches by monitoring the LED of
the module. If a Module LED does not illuminate (e.g. the
in seat input LED does not illuminate with the seat occupied and the ignition switch in the run position), testing
of the switch and circuit wiring would be required.
The Run output LED should be illuminated when the
ignition key switch is in the ON position and inputs from
the neutral, parking brake, PTO, seat and over temperature switches indicate safe engine operation (e.g. seat
occupied and parking brake disengaged when traction
pedal is depressed).
The PTO output LED should be illuminated when the
ignition key switch is in the ON position and the PTO
switch is pulled out. Note: If Module Over Temperature
Warning input LED is illuminated, PTO output LED will
not be illuminated and PTO will not be engaged regardless of PTO switch position.
Refer to the Traction Unit Operator’s Manual for additional Standard Control Module information.
1
Electrical
System
Control Module Inputs (Fig. 36)
The Power input LED should be illuminated when the
ignition key switch is in the RUN or START position.
The Start input LED should be illuminated when the ignition key switch is in the START position.
Figure 35
The Neutral input LED should be illuminated when the
traction pedal is in the neutral position.
1. Standard Control Module
The Parking Brake Off input LED should be illuminated
when the parking brake is not engaged.
6
1
7
The PTO Switch input LED should be illuminated when
the PTO switch is engaged.
2
8
The In Seat input LED should be illuminated when the
operator is sitting in the seat.
3
9
4
10
5
11
The Over Temperature Shutdown input LED should be
illuminated when excessive engine coolant temperature
causes the high temperature shutdown switch to close.
The Backlap input LED is not used on the Groundsmaster 3500- D.
Figure 36
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Product Records
and Manuals
The Start output LED should be illuminated when the
ignition key switch is in the START position with the traction pedal in neutral, the PTO switch off and either the
seat occupied or parking brake engaged.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Inputs from the neutral, parking brake, PTO, ignition,
and high temperature switches are monitored by the
Module. Output to the PTO (deck drive solenoid), engine
starter motor, fuel pump, and engine run solenoid are
controlled based on the inputs received by the Module.
Control Module Outputs (Fig. 36)
Hydraulic
Systems
Groundsmaster 3500- D machines with Serial Numbers
above 240000000 are equipped with a Standard Control
Module to monitor and control electrical components required for safe operation. This Module is attached to the
back of the instrument panel.
Safety
Standard Control Module
Page 5 - 23
Power input LED
Start input LED
Engine run output LED
Start output LED
PTO output LED
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Neutral input LED
Park brake off input LED
PTO switch input LED
In seat input LED
High temp input LED
Backlap input (not used)
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Service and Repairs
NOTE: For more electrical component repair information, see the Kubota Workshop Manual, Diesel Engine,
05 Series.
Battery Storage
If the machine will be stored for more than 30 days:
1. Remove the battery and charge it fully (see Battery
Service).
2. Either store battery on a shelf or on the machine.
4. Store battery in a cool atmosphere to avoid quick deterioration of the battery charge.
5. To help prevent the battery from freezing, make sure
it is fully charged (see Battery Service).
3. Leave cables disconnected if the battery is stored on
the machine.
Battery Care
1. Battery electrolyte level must be properly maintained. The top of the battery must be kept clean. lf the
machine is stored in a location where temperatures are
extremely high, the battery will run down more rapidly
than if the machine is stored in a location where temperatures are cool.
3. Battery cables must be tight on terminals to provide
good electrical contact.
WARNING
WARNING
Wear safety goggles and rubber gloves when
working with electrolyte. Charge battery in a
well ventilated place so gasses produced
while charging can dissipate. Since the gases
are explosive, keep open flames and electrical
sparks away from the battery; do not smoke.
Nausea may result if the gases are inhaled. Unplug charger from electrical outlet before connecting or disconnecting charger leads to or
from battery posts.
2. Keep top of battery clean by washing periodically
with a brush dipped in ammonia or bicarbonate of soda
Electrical System (Rev. G)
solution. Flush top surface with water after cleaning. Do
not remove the fill cap while cleaning.
Connecting cables to the wrong post could result in personal injury and/or damage to the
electrical system.
4. If corrosion occurs at terminals, disconnect cables.
Always disconnect negative (- ) cable first. Scrape
clamps and terminals separately. Reconnect cables
with positive (+) cable first. Coat terminals with petroleum jelly.
5. Check electrolyte level every 25 operating hours,
and every 30 days if machine is in storage.
6. Maintain cell level with distilled or demineralized water. Do not fill cells above the fill line.
Page 5 - 24
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Battery Service
Safety
The battery is the heart of the electrical system. With
regular and proper service, battery life can be extended.
Additionally, battery and electrical component failure
can be prevented.
2
When working with batteries, use extreme caution to avoid splashing or spilling electrolyte.
Electrolyte can destroy clothing and burn skin or
eyes. Always wear safety goggles and a face
shield when working with batteries.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
1
Figure 37
1. Knobs
Electrolyte Specific Gravity
Fully charged: 1.265 corrected to 80oF (26.7oC)
Discharged: less than 1.240
Battery Specifications
BCI Group Size 55:
585 CCA at 0o F (- 17.8o C)
Reserve Capacity of 95 minutes at 80oF (26.7oC)
2. Battery cover
1
2
Dimensions (including terminal posts and caps)
Length 9.05 inches (22.99 cm)
Width
6.03 inches (15.31 cm)
Height
8.50 inches (21.58 cm)
Hydraulic
Systems
CAUTION
Product Records
and Manuals
1
IMPORTANT: Be careful not to damage terminal
posts or cable connectors when removing the battery cables.
Figure 38
1. Ground cable
2. Positive cable
1. Remove battery cover from the frame. Loosen battery retainer securing the back of the battery to the battery support.
IMPORTANT: Before cleaning the battery, tape or
block vent holes to the filler caps and make sure the
caps are on tightly.
2. Loosen nut on ground cable (- ) first and remove
cable from battery. This should prevent short circuiting
the battery, other components, or the operators hands.
C. Check for signs of wetness or leakage on the top
of the battery which might indicate a loose or missing
filler cap, overcharging, loose terminal post, or overfilling. Also, check battery case for dirt and oil. Clean
the battery with a solution of baking soda and water,
then rinse it with clean water.
3. Loosen nut on positive cable (+) and remove cable
from battery.
4. Make sure battery vent caps are on tightly.
5. Remove battery from the battery compartment to a
service area to allow better access for service.
Inspection, Maintenance, and Testing
1. Perform the following inspections and maintenance:
D. Check that the cover seal is not broken away. Replace the battery if the seal is broken or leaking.
E. Check the electrolyte level in each cell. If the level
is below the tops of the plates in any cell, fill all cells
with distilled water between the minimum and maximum fill lines. Charge at 15 to 25 amps for 15 minutes to allow sufficient mixing of the electrolyte.
A. Check for cracks. Replace battery if cracked or
leaking.
B. Check battery terminal posts for corrosion. Use
wire brush to clean corrosion from posts.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 5 - 25
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Electrical
System
Removal (Fig. 37 and 38)
2. Conduct a hydrometer test of the battery electrolyte.
D. Measure the temperature of the center cell.
IMPORTANT: Make sure the area around the cells is
clean before opening the battery caps.
E. Connect a battery load tester to the battery terminals following the manufacturer’s instructions.
Connect a digital multimeter to the battery terminals.
A. Measure the specific gravity of each cell with a
hydrometer. Draw electrolyte in and out of the
hydrometer barrel prior to taking a reading to warmup the hydrometer. At the same time, take the temperature of the cell.
B. Temperature correct each cell reading. For each
10oF (5.5oC) above 80oF (26.7oC) add 0.004 to the
specific gravity reading. For each 10oF (5.5oC) below 80oF (26.7oC) subtract 0.004 from the specific
gravity reading.
Example: Cell Temperature
100oF
Cell Gravity
1.245
100oF minus 80oF equals 20oF
(37.7oC minus 26.7oC equals 11.0oC)
20oF multiply by 0.004/10oF equals 0.008
(11oC multiply by 0.004/5.5oC equals 0.008)
ADD (conversion above)
0.008
Correction to 80oF (26.7oC)
1.253
C. If the difference between the highest and lowest
cell specific gravity is 0.050 or greater or the lowest
cell specific gravity is less than 1.225, charge the battery. Charge at the recommended rate and time given in Charging or until all cells specific gravity is
1.225 or greater with the difference in specific gravity
between the highest and lowest cell less than 0.050.
If these charging conditions can not be met, replace
the battery.
3. Perform a high- discharge test with an adjustable
load tester.
This is one of the most reliable means of testing a battery
as it simulates the cold- cranking test. A commercial battery load tester is required to perform this test.
F. Apply a test load of one half the Cranking Performance (see Battery Specifications) rating of the battery for 15 seconds.
G. Take a voltage reading at 15 seconds, then remove the load.
H. Using the table below, determine the minimum
voltage for the cell temperature reading.
Minimum
Voltage
Battery Electrolyte
Temperature
9.6
70oF (and up)
21.1oC (and up)
9.5
60oF
15.6oC
9.4
50oF
10.0oC
9.3
40oF
4.4oC
9.1
30oF
- 1.1oC
8.9
20oF
- 6.7oC
8.7
10oF
- 12.2oC
8.5
0oF
- 17.8oC
I. If the test voltage is below the minimum, replace
the battery. If the test voltage is at or above the minimum, return the battery to service.
Installation
IMPORTANT: To prevent possible electrical problems, install only a fully charged battery.
1. Make sure ignition and all accessories are off.
2. Make sure battery compartment is clean and repainted if necessary.
CAUTION
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions when using a battery tester.
A. Check the voltage across the battery terminals
prior to testing the battery. If the voltage is less than
12.4 VDC, recharge the battery.
B. If the battery has been charged, apply a 150 amp
load for 15 seconds to remove the surface charge.
Use a battery load tester following the manufacturer’s instructions.
C. Make sure battery terminals are free of corrosion.
Electrical System (Rev. G)
3. Make sure all battery cables, battery retainer and
electrical connections are in good condition.
4. Place battery in its compartment. Make sure battery
is level and flat. Connect positive cable connector onto
positive battery post. Tighten cap screw and lock nut
with two wrenches.
IMPORTANT: The nut and flat washer must be on
top of the battery retainer during installation to prevent the cap screw from hitting hydraulic hard lines
when the sidewinder is shifted.
5. Secure battery retainer. Do not overtighten to prevent cracking or distorting the battery case.
Page 5 - 26
Groundsmaster 3500- D
To minimize possible damage to the battery and allow
the battery to be fully charged, the slow charging method is presented here. This charging method can be accomplished with a constant current battery charger
which is available in most shops.
25%
0%
80 or less
3.8 hrs
@
3 amps
7.5 hrs
@
3 amps
11.3 hrs
@
3 amps
15 hrs
@
3 amps
81 to 125
5.3 hrs
@
4 amps
10.5 hrs
@
4 amps
15.8 hrs
@
4 amps
21 hrs
@
4 amps
126 to
170
5.5 hrs
@
5 amps
11 hrs
@
5 amps
16.5 hrs
@
5 amps
22 hrs
@
5 amps
171 to
250
5.8 hrs
@
6 amps
11.5 hrs
@
6 amps
17.3 hrs
@
6 amps
23 hrs
@
6 amps
above
250
6 hrs
12 hrs
18 hrs
24 hrs
@
@
@
@
10 amps 10 amps 10 amps 10 amps
CAUTION
CAUTION
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions when using a battery charger.
Do not charge a frozen battery because it can explode and cause injury. Let the battery warm to
60oF (15.5o C) before connecting to a charger.
NOTE: Using specific gravity of the battery cells is the
most accurate method of determining battery condition.
Charge the battery in a well- ventilated place to
dissipate gases produced from charging. These
gases are explosive; keep open flame and electrical spark away from the battery. Do not smoke.
Nausea may result if the gases are inhaled. Unplug the charger from the electrical outlet before
connecting or disconnecting the charger leads
from the battery posts.
1. Determine the battery charge level from either its
specific gravity or open circuit voltage.
Battery Charge
Level
Specific
Gravity
Open Circuit
Voltage
100%
1.265
12.68
75%
1.225
12.45
50%
1.190
12.24
25%
1.155
12.06
0%
1.120
11.89
3. Following the manufacturer’s instructions, connect the charger cables to the battery. Make sure a good
connection is made.
4. Charge the battery following the manufacturer’s
instructions.
2. Determine the charging time and rate using the
manufacturer’s battery charger instructions or the
following table:
5. Occasionally check the temperature of the battery
electrolyte. If the temperature exceeds 125oF (51.6oC)
or the electrolyte is violently gassing or spewing, the
charging rate must be lowered or temporarily stopped.
6. Three hours prior to the end of the charging, measure the specific gravity of a battery cell once per hour.
The battery is fully charged when the cells are gassing
freely at a low charging rate and there is less than a
0.003 change in specific gravity for three consecutive
readings.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 5 - 27
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Safety
50%
Product Records
and Manuals
Charging
75%
Kubota
Diesel Engine
8. Connect negative (ground) cable connector to the
negative battery post. Tighten cap screw and lock nut
with two wrenches.
Battery Charge Level
(Percent of Fully Charged)
Hydraulic
Systems
7. Connect a digital multimeter (set to amps) between
the negative battery post and the negative (ground)
cable connector. The reading should be less than 0.1
amp. If the reading is 0.1 amp or more, the unit’s electrical system should be tested and repaired.
Battery
Reserve
Capacity
(Minutes)
Electrical
System
6. Apply a light coat of grease on all battery posts and
cable connectors to reduce corrosion after connections
are made.
Solenoid Valve Coil
The solenoid valve coil on the hydraulic control manifold
(Fig. 39) can be replaced without opening the hydraulic
system.
4
3
Removal
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting
decks, engage parking brake, stop engine and remove
key from the ignition switch.
60 in- lb
(6.8 N- m)
2
2. Disconnect the wire harness electrical connector
from the solenoid valve coil.
3. Remove the nut from the spool assembly.
4. Slide the coil assembly from the solenoid valve stem.
Discard the coil.
1
5. Clean any corrosion or dirt from the valve stem.
Installation
Figure 39
1. Slide new coil assembly onto the solenoid valve
stem.
1. Hydraulic manifold
2. Solenoid valve (R1)
3. Solenoid valve coil
4. Nut
2. Install the nut onto the spool assembly and torque
nut 60 in- lb (6.8 N- m) (do not over tighten).
3. Connect the wire harness electrical connector to the
solenoid valve coil.
Electrical System (Rev. G)
Page 5 - 28
Groundsmaster 3500- D
2
2
3
3
4
5
6
7
8
8
Deluxe Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Front Wheel and Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Rear Fork and Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Brake Lever Linkages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Steering Column . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Front Lift Arms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Rear Lift Arm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Sidewinder Carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Hood Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
Systems
Hydraulic
Systems
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPECIAL TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ADJUSTMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjust Brake Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjust Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjust Front Lift Arms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjust Front Lift Arm Carrier Stop Bracket
Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjust Rear Lift Arm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SERVICE AND REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Product Records
and Manuals
Table of Contents
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Wheels, Brakes, and Chassis
Safety
Chapter 6
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 6 - 1 Rev. G
Wheels, Brakes,and Chassis
Specifications
Item
Description
Tire pressure
14 to 18 PSI (0.97 to 1.24 bar)
Wheel lug nut torque
45 to 65 ft--lb (61 to 88 N--m)
Special Tools
Order special tools from your Toro Distributor.
Wheel Hub Puller
Part Number: TOR4097
The wheel hub puller allows safe removal of the wheel
hub from the shaft of wheel motors.
Figure 1
Wheels, Brakes, and Chassis
Page 6 -- 2
Rev. E
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Brake lever adjustment should be checked every 200
hours.
2
1
3
CAUTION
Before and after adjusting the brakes, always
check the brakes in a wide open area that is flat
and free of other persons and obstructions.
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, and remove key from the ignition switch.
2. Loosen set screw on the adjustment knob (Fig. 1).
Figure 1
1. Brake lever
2. Set screw
3. Adjustment knob
Hydraulic
Systems
3. Adjust travel of brake lever until a force of 30 to 40 lbs
(133 to 178 N) is required to actuate lever:
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Adjust Brake Lever
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
Adjustments
A. Turn adjustment knob clockwise to increase
force.
Electrical
Systems
B. Turn adjustment knob counterclockwise to decrease force.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
4. Tighten set screw after adjustment has been attained.
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 6 -- 3
Rev. D
Wheels, Brakes,and Chassis
Adjust Brakes
C. If brakes can not be adjusted properly, repair or
replace brake components as necessary.
CAUTION
D. After adjustment is complete, install both front
wheel assemblies to the machine (see Front Brake
and Wheel Installation in the Service and Repairs
section).
Before and after adjusting the brakes, always
check the brakes in a wide open area that is flat
and free of other persons and obstructions.
E. Lower front wheels to the ground.
1. Check brake adjustment as follows:
F. Before starting engine, close by--pass valve on
pump by rotating it 90 degrees (Fig. 2).
A. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting
units, stop engine, and remove key from the ignition
switch.
B. Rotate by--pass valve on the piston pump 90 degrees to allow front wheels to turn freely (Fig. 2).
1
2
CAUTION
Before jacking up the machine, review and follow
Jacking Instructions in Chapter 1 -- Safety.
C. Chock rear wheel. Jack up both front wheels and
support the machine with hardwood blocks.
Figure 2
1.
Piston pump
2.
By--pass valve
D. Apply the parking brake. The force to actuate the
brake lever should be from 30 to 40 lbs (133 to 178
N).
1
E. With the parking brake applied, use a torque
wrench on the wheel hub lock nut to identify the
break away torque at each front wheel. The minimum break away torque with the parking applied
should be 300 ft--lb (407 N--m).
5
4
2
6
2. If adjustment is necessary, adjust brakes as follows:
3
A. Remove both front wheel assemblies from the
machine (see Front Brake and Wheel Removal in the
Service and Repairs section).
B. Adjust brakes by turning clevis to increase or decrease shoe pressure on the brake drum (Fig. 3).
Make sure that brake shoes do not drag against
drums with the parking brake lever released.
Wheels, Brakes, and Chassis
1. Clevis
2. Adjustment rod
3. Brake lever
Page 6 -- 4
Rev. D
Figure 3
4. Wheel hub
5. Cotter pin
6. Jam nut
Groundsmaster 3500--D
2
1
IMPORTANT: Keep front cutting units on the lift
arms when performing this adjustment.
1
2. Make sure clearance between each lift arm and floor
plate bracket is from 0.18 to 0.32 inch (4.6 to 8.1 mm)
(Fig. 4).
3. If the clearance is not in this range, attain proper
clearance as follows:
B. Adjust front hydraulic cylinder by backing off jam
nut on the cylinder, removing the pin from the clevis,
and rotating the clevis (Fig. 6).
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Figure 4
1. Lift arm
2. Floor plate bracket
3. Clearance
2
Hydraulic
Systems
A. Lower front lift arms, stop engine, engage parking
brake, and remove key from the ignition switch. Back
off stop bolts if reducing the clearance between the
lift arm and the floor plate bracket (Fig. 5).
1
3
C. Install pin to clevis. Fully raise front lift arms and
check clearance. Repeat steps A and B if necessary.
Product Records
and Manuals
1. Park machine on a level surface, fully raise cutting
units, stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove
key from the ignition switch.
Safety
Adjust Front Lift Arms
Electrical
Systems
D. Tighten jam nut on the hydraulic cylinder when
clearance is correct.
IMPORTANT: The lack of clearance at the front
stops can damage the lift arms.
Figure 5
1. Stop bolt
2. Lift arm
3. Clearance
2
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
4. With the front lift arms fully raised, make sure clearance between each lift arm and stop bolt is from 0.005
to 0.040 inch (0.13 to 1.02 mm). If the clearance is not
in this range, adjust stop bolts as necessary (Fig 5).
1
Figure 6
1. Hydraulic cylinder
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 6 - 5
Rev. G
2. Jam nut
Wheels, Brakes,and Chassis
Adjust Front Lift Arm Carrier Stop Bracket Assembly
1. Park machine on a level surface, fully raise cutting
units, stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove
key from the ignition switch.
7
2. Make sure that pivot brackets (items 6 and 9) are not
overtightened. They should pivot and return freely.
8
10
3. To allow horizontal movement of the actuators (items
2 and 8), loosen carriage screws and flange nuts that secure actuators to actuator mount brackets.
4. To allow vertical movement of the actuator mount
brackets (item 3), loosen carriage screws and flange
nuts that secure actuator mount brackets to lift arms.
3
1
4
9
6
5. Simultaneously move both actuators against back of
the carrier stop bracket and pivot brackets. Secure actuators (items 2 and 8) to actuator mount brackets with
carriage screws and flange nuts.
3
2
FRONT
11
6. With pivot brackets tipped forward, slide actuator
mount brackets down so that the actuators just contact
the pivot brackets. Secure actuator mount brackets to lift
arms with carriage screws and flange nuts.
Figure 7
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Wheels, Brakes, and Chassis
5
Page 6 - 6
LH lift arm
LH actuator
Actuator mount bracket
Horizontal screw
Vertical screw
LH pivot bracket
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
RH lift arm
RH actuator
RH pivot bracket
Carrier stop bracket
Return spring
Rev. G
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Adjust Rear Lift Arm
1. Park machine on a level surface and engage parking
brake.
2
IMPORTANT: This adjustment must be performed
with the rear cutting unit attached to the rear lift arm.
2. Raise lift arms. Make sure clearance between wear
strap on the top of the rear cutting unit wear bar and
bumper strap is from 0.020 to 0.100 inch (0.51 to 2.54
mm) (Fig. 8).
3. If the clearance is not in this range, attain proper
clearance by adjusting the rear hydraulic cylinder as follows (Fig. 9):
1
Figure 8
1.
Wear bar
2.
Bumper strap
1
2
A. Lower cutting units, turn engine off, and remove
key from the ignition switch.
B. Back off jam nut from the rear hydraulic cylinder
clevis.
IMPORTANT: Use a protective covering around the
hydraulic cylinder rod when rotating the rod to prevent damage to the rod.
C. Grasp cylinder rod near the jam nut and rotate the
rod.
D. Raise cutting units and check clearance. Repeat
steps A through C as necessary. Tighten jam nut on
hydraulic cylinder rod when clearance is correct.
Figure 9
1.
Rear hydraulic cylinder
2.
Jam nut
NOTE: If rear lift arm makes clunking noises during
transport, the clearance can be reduced.
IMPORTANT: The lack of clearance at the rear wear
bar can damage the rear lift arm.
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 6 - 7
Rev. G
Wheels, Brakes,and Chassis
Service and Repairs
Standard Seat
8
3
2
4
5
1
6
7
8
3
2
15
14
9
13
16
12
11
18
10
10
17
18
Figure 9
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Seat (incl. 4 thru 7, 14, & 15)
Cap screw
Spring lock washer
Edging clip
Edging
Seat cushion
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Seat shell
Seat belt
Seat adjuster with latch
Flange hex nut
Cap screw
Lock washer
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
Seat adjuster
Cap screw
Seat switch
Hex flange head screw
Seat support strap
Hex flange head screw
Removal
Installation
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
1. Install any new seat parts using Figure 9 as a guide.
2. Remove four hex flange head screws securing the
seat support straps to the frame. Note location of
spacers under front of seat support straps.
3. Disconnect electrical connector from the seat switch.
Separate seat from the frame.
2. Position seat, spacers and support straps to the fuel
tank and frame.
3. Connect electrical connector to the seat switch.
4. Secure seat support straps to the frame with four hex
flange head screws.
4. Remove seat parts as necessary to make repairs using Figure 9 as a guide.
Wheels, Brakes, and Chassis
Page 6 -- 8
Groundsmaster 3500--D
8
9
5 6
43
44
45
12
Product Records
and Manuals
1 2
38
7 32
10
37
36
33
35
34
23
31
24
5
30 29
28
27
26
25
11
14
51
22
13
19
Kubota
Diesel Engine
39
3 4
42
40 41
Safety
Deluxe Seat
50
16
50
15
18
48
47
17
45
44
43
49
46
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
Plate
Rivet
Screw
Wear parts kit (incl. 8 thru 11)
Tension spring set
Handle grip
Adjusting lever
Cover
Bumper
Bushing
Pad
Backrest cushion
Hex head machine screw
Arm rests
Bottom cushion
Adjusting rail (LH)
Screw
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
Figure 10
Washer
Nut
Swing arm assembly (incl. 28 & 42)
Adjusting rail (RH)
Bottom trim
Seat frame
Screw
Seat switch (incl. 24, 26, & 27)
Spring washer
Nut
Back plate pivot
Threaded clevis
Nut
Washer
Backrest trim
Tension spring set
Spindle adjuster (incl. 29 thru 31, 35 & 36)
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
Screw
Cover
Clamp
Shock absorber
Nut
Washer
Bushing kit (incl. 39 & 40)
Backrest plate
Cap screw
Lock washer
Seat belt
Hex flange nut
Flat washer
Cap screw
Hex flange head screw
Seat support strap
Hex flange head screw
Removal
Installation
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
1. Install any new seat parts using Figure 10 as a guide.
2. Remove four hex flange head screws securing the
seat support straps to the frame.
3. Disconnect electrical connector from the seat switch.
Separate seat from the frame.
2. Position seat and support straps to the fuel tank and
frame.
3. Attach electrical connector to the seat switch.
4. Secure seat support straps to the frame with four hex
flange head screws.
4. Remove seat parts as necessary to make repairs using Figure 10 as a guide.
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 6 -- 9
Wheels, Brakes,and Chassis
Electrical
Systems
20
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
49
Hydraulic
Systems
21
Front Wheel and Brake
33
31
25
26
11
9
29
27
22
7
30
32
28
18
14
17
23
24
16
8
3
10
20
12
4
13
15
21
19
RIGHT
2
17
FRONT
Anti--seize
Lubricant
45 to 65 ft--lb
(61 to 88 N--m)
5
1
250 to 350 ft--lb
(339 to 474 N--m)
6
Figure 11
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Lug nut
Drive stud
Wheel rim
Tire
Wheel hub
Lock nut
Hydraulic wheel motor
Brake drum
Woodruff key
Cotter pin
Adjustment rod
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
Brake lever
Lock nut
Cap screw
Brake bracket
Return spring
Brake shoe
Backing plate
Cam shaft
Retainer clip
Lock nut
Cap screw
Removal (Fig. 11)
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
Spacer
Wheel shield
Cotter pin
Clevis pin
Clevis
Jam nut
Flange bushing
Brake pivot bracket
Brake pivot shaft
Hex flange head screw
Hex flange nut
2. Jack up front wheel and use wood blocks to keep the
front tire off the floor.
3. Remove lug nuts from drive studs. Pull wheel from
drive studs and wheel hub.
NOTE: The installation torque of the lock nut is from
250 to 350 ft--lb (339 to 474 N--m). Use impact wrench
to loosen lock nut from the hydraulic motor shaft.
WARNING
Before jacking up the machine, review and follow
Jacking Instructions in Chapter 1 -- Safety.
Wheels, Brakes, and Chassis
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
4. Loosen, but do not remove, lock nut from the hydraulic motor shaft. Release parking brake.
Page 6 -- 10 Rev. F
Groundsmaster 3500--D
IMPORTANT: DO NOT hit wheel hub, wheel hub
puller or wheel motor with a hammer during wheel
hub removal or installation. Hammering may cause
damage to the wheel motor.
8. If it is desired to remove the brake assembly from the
brake bracket, remove four cap screws and lock nuts securing the assembly to the bracket.
9. Disassemble brake assembly as follows (Fig. 12):
A. Remove return springs from the brake shoes. Remove brake shoes from the backing plate.
B. Matchmark brake cam and brake lever to assure
proper alignment during reassembly. Remove retaining clip from the brake cam. Pull brake lever from
the cam. Remove cam from backing plate.
10.The brake bracket and wheel shield can be removed
as follows:
A. Remove lock nuts, spacers, and cap screws securing the brake bracket, wheel shield, and hydraulic
motor to the frame.
B. Separate bracket and shield from the frame.
Installation (Fig. 11)
5. Thoroughly clean wheel motor shaft and wheel hub
taper.
6. Install woodruff key to the slot on the hydraulic motor
shaft. Slide wheel hub and brake drum assembly onto
the shaft.
7. Secure wheel hub and brake drum to the hydraulic
motor shaft with lock nut.
NOTE: For proper brake operation, the brake shoes
and backing plate must be concentrically aligned with
the brake drum.
8. To align brake shoes and drum, apply parking brake.
Then tighten four socket head screws and lock nuts that
secure the brake bracket and wheel motor to the frame.
9. Place wheel onto drive studs and wheel hub. Secure
wheel with lug nuts on drive studs.
10.Lower wheel to ground. Torque lug nuts from 45 to 65
ft--lb (61 to 88 N--m) in a criss--cross pattern. Torque lock
nut from 250 to 350 ft--lb (339 to 474 kg--m).
11. Check and adjust brakes (see Adjust Brakes).
1. Insert four cap screws through the frame, hydraulic
motor, spacers, wheel shield, and brake bracket. Secure with lock nuts, but do not fully tighten.
6
2. Assemble brake assembly as follows (Fig. 12):
2
5
A. Secure backing plate to the brake bracket with
four cap screws and lock washers.
1
B. Apply antiseize lubricant to cam shaft splines. Insert cam shaft through the backing plate.
C. Attach brake lever to the cam shaft. Make sure
matchmarks are aligned properly. Secure lever to
shaft with retaining clip.
D. Lubricate brake shoe pivot points with a light
coating of grease.
Groundsmaster 3500--D
1.
2.
3.
4.
3
7
4
Figure 12
Return spring
Brake shoe (toe end)
Brake shoe (heel end)
Backing plate
Page 6 -- 11 Rev. D
5. Retaining clip
6. Cam shaft
7. Anchor pin
Wheels, Brakes,and Chassis
Safety
Product Records
and Manuals
4. Attach adjustment rod to the brake lever. Secure adjustment rod with cotter pin.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
NOTE: The brake lever, backing plate, retaining clip,
return springs, brake shoes, and cam shaft can be removed as a complete brake assembly.
Hydraulic
Systems
7. Remove cotter pin from the adjustment rod. Separate adjustment rod from the brake lever.
3. If the brake lever, backing plate, retaining clip, return
springs, brake shoes, and cam shaft were removed as
a complete brake assembly, secure backing plate to the
brake bracket with four cap screws and lock washers.
Tighten fasteners.
Electrical
Systems
6. Remove lock nut, hub, and brake drum from motor
shaft. Locate and retrieve woodruff key.
F. Insert both return springs into the holes of both
brake shoes. Make sure shoes fit snuggly against
the anchor pin and cam.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
5. Using hub puller (see Special Tools), loosen wheel
hub from wheel motor.
E. Position both brake shoes on the backing plate so
that the concave heels attach to the anchor pin.
Rear Fork and Wheel
250 to 350 ft--lb
(339 to 474 N--m)
35
2
34 25 33
6
4
3
45 to 65 ft--lb
(61 to 88 N--m)
1
21
16
65 to 85 ft--lb
(88 to 115 N--m)
36
25
29
24
60 to 80 ft--lb
(81 to 108 N--m)
8
27
10
9
28
4
22
23
26
30
65 to 85 ft--lb
(88 to 115 N--m)
6
28
19
14
17
11
20
38
32
17
31
7
37
15
39
2
13
3
18
12
5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Hydraulic steering cylinder
Ball joint
External retaining ring
Grease fitting
Grease fitting plug
Jam nut
Rear fork
Cap screw
Lock washer
Thrust washer
Tire
Hex socket head screw
Lock nut
Wheels, Brakes, and Chassis
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
Figure 13
Drive stud
Wheel hub
Lock nut
45o hydraulic fitting
Hydraulic motor
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Lug nut
Clamp
Spacer
Clamp
Hydraulic fitting
Rear casting
Page 6 -- 12
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
Hex flange head screw
Bushing
Cap screw
Lock nut
O--ring
O--ring
O--ring
O--ring
Hose assembly
Hose assembly
Valve stem
Wheel rim
Woodruff key
Groundsmaster 3500--D
2. Remove hood from the machine (see Hood Removal).
WARNING
Before jacking up the machine, review and follow
Jacking Instructions in Chapter 1 -- Safety.
2. Install lock washer, thrust washer, and cap screw to
the rear fork shaft. Torque cap screw from 60 to 80 ft--lb
(81 to 108 N--m). Make sure fork turns freely.
3. Install hydraulic motor to the rear fork. Secure motor
to the fork with four hex socket head screws and lock
nuts.
4. Secure hydraulic cylinder to the rear fork as follows:
A. Swing cylinder to the rear fork.
B. Install ball joint to rear fork.
3. Jack up rear wheel enough to allow the removal of
the rear fork.
C. Secure ball joint to the rear fork with both jam
nuts. Tighten the first jam nut from 65 to 85 ft--lb (88 to
115 N--m), then tighten the second jam nut to the
same specification.
4. Remove lug nuts from drive studs. Remove tire and
wheel rim from wheel hub.
5. Separate hydraulic cylinder from the rear fork as follows:
A. Remove both jam nuts securing the ball joint to
the rear fork.
5. Secure wheel rim to the wheel hub with four lug nuts.
Torque nuts from 45 to 65 ft--lb (61 to 88 N--m).
6. Lower rear wheel to the ground.
Safety
1. Position rear fork through the frame.
Product Records
and Manuals
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Installation
Hydraulic
Systems
Removal
B. Separate ball joint from the rear fork.
Electrical
Systems
C. Swing cylinder clear of the rear fork.
6. Remove four lock nuts and hex socket head screws
securing the hydraulic motor to the rear fork. Remove
motor from the fork and position it away from the fork.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
CAUTION
Support rear fork to prevent its falling during removal and installation. Personal injury or damage to the fork may result from improper handling.
7. Remove cap screw, thrust washer, and lock washer
from the rear fork shaft.
8. Lower rear fork from machine.
9. Check bushings for wear and damage. Replace if
necessary.
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 6 -- 13
Rev. D
Wheels, Brakes,and Chassis
Brake Lever Linkages
2
1
3
3
9
9
19
24
23
7
25
8
22
8
20
5
6
18
4
21
7
15
12
11
17
10
15
13
12
26
16
27
14
28
29
35
12
30
36
37
31
34
32
33
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Pop rivet
Control panel cover
Cover bracket
Flange nut
Hex flange head screw
Magnet support
Hex washer head screw
Strike bracket
Magnetic catch
Flat washer
Lock nut
Cotter pin
Bumper pad
Wheels, Brakes, and Chassis
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
Figure 14
Hex socket flat head screw
Parking brake link
Clevis pin
Clevis pin
Lever assembly
Parking brake spacer
Slotted hex head screw
Frame
Switch
Flat washer
Lock nut
Cap screw
Page 6 -- 14
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
Brake pivot shaft
Clevis pin
Flange bushing
Brake pivot bracket
Hex flange head screw
Cotter pin
Brake cam shaft
Brake lever
Retainer clip
Adjustable clevis
Jam nut
Adjustment rod
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Safety
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
2. Remove control panel cover from the machine.
Product Records
and Manuals
IMPORTANT: When removing the adjustable clevis
from either the brake pivot shaft or adjustment rod
or the brake lever from the cam shaft on the brake
assembly, make sure to matchmark both parts.
Marking both parts will make reassembly and brake
adjustment easier.
3. Remove and replace parts as necessary to repair
brake linkages.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
4. Install control panel cover to the machine.
IMPORTANT: Always check and adjust brakes anytime brake linkages are disassembled or repaired.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
Systems
Hydraulic
Systems
5. Adjust brake linkages (see Adjust Brakes).
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 6 -- 15
Wheels, Brakes,and Chassis
Steering Column
8
9
11
14
27
20 to 26 ft--lb
(28 to 35 N--m)
20
7
21
39
40
10
12
17
28
32
19
33
18
23
2
4
6
22
24
39
5
35
37
8
34
38
42
26
25
41
3
36
41
44
3
43
1
29
30
31
13
15
16
2
Figure 15
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Steering arm
Flange nut
Flange head screw
Steering control valve bracket
Cap screw
Pivot hub
Steering cover
Cap screw
Toro decal
Ball knob
Steering tilt lever
Steering control valve
Tilt bracket
Cap screw
Flat washer
Wheels, Brakes, and Chassis
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
Flange nut
Steering wheel
Hydraulic fitting
Hydraulic fitting
Steering wheel nut
Toro decal
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Tilt steering boss
Friction disc
Friction disc
Flat washer
Page 6 -- 16
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
Rev. E
Jam nut
Lock nut
Flat washer
Steering shield
O--ring
O--ring
O--ring
O--ring
Philips head screw
Steering wheel cap
Flat washer
Cap screw
Slope indicator
Lock nut
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Disassembly
2
1
2. Remove philips head screws and steering wheel cap
from the steering wheel.
3
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
3. Remove steering wheel nut from the steering control
valve. Pull steering wheel from the control valve.
4
6
7
6. Remove both hex flange nuts, cap screws, and pivot
hubs securing the steering control valve bracket to the
steering arm. Slide bracket from the steering control
valve and steering arm.
7. Remove and replace parts as necessary to repair
steering column using Figure 15 as a guide.
5
8
Kubota
Diesel Engine
5. Remove four lock nuts and flat washers securing the
steering control valve to the steering control valve
bracket.
Figure 16
1.
2.
3.
4.
Tilt bracket
Steering valve bracket
Jam nut
Flat washer
5.
6.
7.
8.
Friction disc
Tilt steering lever
Steering arm
Friction disc
Assembly
Electrical
Systems
1. Make sure lever and friction discs are properly assembled to the steering control valve bracket using Figures 15 and 16 as a guide.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
2. Position steering control bracket to the steering control valve and steering arm. Secure bracket to the steering arm with pivot hubs, cap screws, and hex flange
nuts.
3. Secure steering control valve bracket to the steering
control valve studs with four flat washers and lock nuts.
4. Secure steering cover to the steering control valve
bracket with cap screws.
5. Install steering wheel to the steering control valve.
Torque steering wheel nut from 20 to 26 ft--lb (28 to 35
N--m).
6. Secure steering wheel cap to the steering wheel with
six philips head screws.
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 6 -- 17 Rev. E
Hydraulic
Systems
4. Remove steering cover from the steering control
valve bracket.
Wheels, Brakes,and Chassis
Front Lift Arms
9
6
4
RIGHT
FRONT
34
57
47
42
39
41
40
55
43
48
66
63
28
44
58
59
62
61
45
33 46
10
18
49
54
51
50
52
21
22
20
26
53
60
31
16
30
28
37
32
29
15
5
7
12
3
23
24
13
33
53 64
56 27
26
28
17
28
38
33
65
8 35 1 36
20
25
24
19
2
13
11
14
Figure 17
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
90o hydraulic fitting
Hydraulic cylinder
Sidewinder carrier assembly
Flange nut
Flange head screw
Hydraulic hose
Centering wire
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Slide bracket
Flange nut
Plastic slide
Flange head screw
LIft arm pivot shaft
Roll pin
Cap screw
Flange head screw
Cap screw
Bearing cap
Jam nut
Cap screw
Wheels, Brakes, and Chassis
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
Lock nut
Thrust washer
Slide support bar
Pin
Spacer
External retaining ring
Bulkhead nut
Hydraulic tube
Bulkhead nut
Carrier stop bracket
Nut
Flange nut
O--ring
O--ring
RH liftarm
LH liftarm
Cap screw
Shaft
Thrust washer
Lynch pin
Rod
Cap screw
Page 6 -- 18
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
Cap screw
Torsion spring
Grease fitting
Hair pin
RH deck stop
LH deck stop
Rivet
Rubber bumper
Flange nut
Flange head screw
RH pivot bracket
LH pivot bracket
Front carrier frame
Flat washer
Latch tube
Latch rod
Rod clip
Rivet
Actuator bracket
Carriage screw
RH actuator
LH actuator
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Removal
5
2
8
1
8
3
3. Disconnect hydraulic cylinder from the front lift arms
by removing external retaining rings and pins.
4. Remove both flange head screws and carrier stop
bracket from the lift arm pivot shafts.
5. Slide lift arm off the pivot shaft.
7
4
6
Figure 18
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Lynch pin
Cutting unit pivot shaft
Carrier frame
Thrust washer
Lift arm (LH shown)
6. Disassemble lift arm as necessary using Figure 17
as a guide.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Pinch point decal
Cap screw
Frame bushing
Lift arm bushing
Grease fitting
1
Product Records
and Manuals
NOTE: Remove both spacers from the hydraulic cylinder shaft clevis when removing the right, front lift arm.
9
Kubota
Diesel Engine
2. Remove cutting units from the pivot shaft of the front
lift arms (see Cutting Unit Removal).
10
10
9
Safety
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
Hydraulic
Systems
Installation
1. Assemble lift arm using Figure 17 as a guide.
2. Slide lift arm onto the lift arm pivot shaft.
3. Secure carrier stop bracket with both flange head
screws to the lift arm pivot shafts.
2
NOTE: Install both spacers to the hydraulic cylinder
shaft clevis when installing the right, front lift arm.
Figure 19
1. Hydraulic hoses
2. Hydraulic cylinder
3. Clearance
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
4. Secure hydraulic cylinder to the lift arm with pins and
external retaining rings.
5. Route hydraulic hoses so they clear the lift arm by
0.040 to 0.120 inch (1.0 to 3.0 mm) when the lift arm is
fully raised (Fig. 19).
6. Adjust lift arms to proper clearance (see Adjust Front
Lift Arms).
7. Install cutting unit to the front lift arm pivot shaft (see
Cutting Unit Installation).
8. Grease front lift arms (see Lubrication in Chapter 2
-- Product Records and Maintenance).
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 6 -- 19
Electrical
Systems
3
Wheels, Brakes,and Chassis
Rear Lift Arm
36
40
16 3 12
39
30
15
12
11
28
10
12
13
46
13
15
2
17 2
13
6
22
41
14
42
21
9
20
4
44
41
26
31
46
33
34
32
27
47
12
46
23
25
37
48
45
7
24
38
29
5
18
1
35
8
RIGHT
43 19
12
FRONT
2
200 to 250 ft--lb
(271 to 339 N--m)
3
12
Figure 20
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Hydraulic tube
Bulkhead locknut
Hydraulic T--fitting
Hydraulic hose
90o hydraulic fitting
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic tube
Straight hydraulic fitting
Castor bushing
Hydraulic lift cylinder
Thrust washer
O--ring
Bulkhead locknut
Bulkhead elbow union
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
Wheels, Brakes, and Chassis
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
Hydraulic tube
Hydraulic tube
Hydraulic tube
Tube clamp
Flat washer
Cap screw
Lock nut
Rear pivot shaft
Jam nut
Washer
Lift arm assembly
Flange head screw
Thrust washer
Grease fitting
Cutting unit pivot shaft
Cap screw
Page 6 -- 20
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
Cap screw
Rebound washer
Thrust washer
Lynch pin
Rear cutting unit frame
Wear strip
Pop rivet
Grease fitting
O--ring
Guard
Cap screw
Cap screw
Lock nut
External retaining ring
Pin
O--ring
Groundsmaster 3500--D
2. Remove cutting unit from the pivot shaft of the rear
lift arm (see Cutting Unit Removal).
3. Remove external retaining ring and thrust washer
from the lift cylinder shaft of the rear lift arm.
4. Remove flange head screw and thrust washer from
the rear pivot shaft.
5. Slide rear lift arm from rear pivot shaft and hydraulic
cylinder.
6. Disassemble lift arm as necessary using Figure 20
as a guide.
4. Install rear cutting unit to the pivot shaft of the rear lift
arm (see Cutting Unit Removal).
5. Adjust lift arm to proper clearance (see Adjust Rear
Lift Arm).
IMPORTANT: Make sure hoses are free of twists and
sharp bends. Raise cutting units and shift them to
the left. Rear cutting unit hoses must not contact the
traction cable bracket. If required, reposition fittings and hoses.
6. Grease rear lift arm (see Lubrication in Chapter 2 -Product Records and Maintenance).
Installation
Safety
3. Secure hydraulic cylinder clevis to the lift cylinder
shaft of the rear lift arm with the thrust washer and external retaining ring.
Product Records
and Manuals
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
2. Slide rear lift arm onto rear pivot shaft making sure
that the lift cylinder shaft of the rear lift arm slides into the
clevis of the hydraulic cylinder.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Removal
Hydraulic
Systems
1. Assemble lift arm using Figure 20 as a guide.
A. If the rear lift arm pivot shaft (item 24) was removed from frame, thoroughly clean tapered surfaces of shaft and frame. Position pivot shaft to frame
and secure with washer and jam nut. Torque jam nut
from 200 to 250 ft--lb (271 to 339 N--m).
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
Systems
B. If the cutting unit pivot shaft (item 31) was removed from lift arm, apply antiseize lubricant to pivot
shaft before inserting into lift arm. Secure pivot shaft
with two (2) cap screws (items 32 and 33) and washer (item 34).
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 6 -- 21 Rev. D
Wheels, Brakes,and Chassis
Sidewinder Carrier
2
6
13
1
12
11
8
10
4
RIGHT
10
FRONT
9
4
8
67 to 83 ft--lb
(91 to 113 Nm)
3
7
5
Figure 21
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Lower frame
Sidewinder carrier assembly
Slide bracket
Plastic slide
Flange head screw
6.
7.
8.
9.
Flange nut
Cap screw
Thrust washer
Slide support bar
10.
11.
12.
13.
Bearing cap
Lock nut
Liftarm (RH shown)
Liftarm pivot shaft
Disassembly
Assembly
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
1. Assemble sidewinder carrier using Figures 21 as
guide.
A. Do not lubricate sidewinder cross tube as bearing
caps and slides are self lubricating.
2. Disassemble sidewinder carrier as needed using
Figures 17, 20, and 21 as guides.
B. Tighten the bearing cap screws from 67 to 83 ft--lb
(91 to 113 Nm).
2. Use Figures 17 and 20 to complete the assembly
process (see Front Lift Arms and Rear Lift Arm).
Wheels, Brakes, and Chassis
Page 6 -- 22
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
Hood Removal
18
Kubota
Diesel Engine
2
6
12
4
Hydraulic
Systems
3
5
1
13
9
16 14
10
Figure 22
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Flange screw
Trim--seal
Locknut
Hood screen
Hood
Pivot bracket
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Flat washer
Flex draw latch
Rivet
Pop rivet
Washer
Hair pin
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
Cap screw
Lock bracket
Cap screw
Flat washer
Locknut
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
2. Unlatch and raise hood.
3. Remove hair pin securing hood pivot to pivot bracket.
4. Slide hood to right, lift other side and remove hood.
5. Reverse procedure to reinstall hood.
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 6 -- 23
Wheels, Brakes,and Chassis
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
17
8
6
Electrical
Systems
11
15
7
This page is intentionally blank.
Wheels, Brakes, and Chassis
Page 6 -- 24
Groundsmaster 3500--D
SERVICE AND REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Blade Stopping Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Cutting Unit Removal and Installation . . . . . . . . . . 9
Cutting Blade Removal and Installation . . . . . . . . 10
Inspecting and Sharpening Blade . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Rear Roller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Rear Roller Service (Non--Greasable Bearings) 12
Rear Roller Service (Greasable Bearings with
Retaining Ring) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Rear Roller Service (Greasable Bearings with
Bearing Nut) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Front Roller Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Blade Spindle Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Carrier Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Product Records
and Manuals
2
3
3
4
5
5
6
7
Cutting
Units
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
Systems
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Factors That Can Affect Quality of Cut . . . . . . . . .
SPECIAL TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ADJUSTMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Height--of--Cut Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjust Roller Scraper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Blade Plane Inspection and Adjustment . . . . . . . .
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Table of Contents
Hydraulic
Systems
Cutting Units
Safety
Chapter 7
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 7 -- 1
Rev. E
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Specifications
MOUNTING: All cutting units are supported by equal
length, independent lift arms and are interchangeable to
all three cutting unit positions.
DISCHARGE: Clippings are discharged from the rear of
the mowing decks. Pre--drilled mounting holes allow attachment of optional mulching baffle.
CONSTRUCTION: Deck chamber is welded 10 and 12
gauge steel. Deck frame is welded 1--1/2 inch square
tubing with 7 gauge side supports.
CUTTING UNIT LIFT: Cutting units are controlled with
one lever.
HEIGHT--OF--CUT RANGE: 3/4 to 4 inch (1.91 to 10.16
cm) in 1/4 inch (.64 cm) increments. Height--of--cut adjustment is made by repositioning deck on deck frame.
DECK DRIVE: Closed loop, integrated relief, hydraulic
system operates cutting deck hydraulic motors. Blade
spindles are 1--1/4 inch shafts supported by greasable,
tapered roller bearings.
SUSPENSION SYSTEM: A fully floating suspension
with hydraulic counterbalance. Main center pivot allows
side--to--side oscillation. Individual decks supported
with two front rollers and one, full width, rear roller.
WEIGHT: Complete cutting unit weighs 190 lb (86 kg).
OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT: Refer to Cutting Unit Operator’s Manual for cutting deck options.
CUTTING BLADE: Each cutting unit equipped with 27
inch (68.6 cm) length, .25 inch (6 mm) thick, heat
treated, steel blade. Anti--scalp cup installed on cutting
blade. The standard blade is optimized for most cutting
applications. Optional high lift, angle sail, and Atomic
blades are available for those situations where the standard blade is not ideal.
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Page 7 -- 2
Groundsmaster 3500--D
1. Maximum governed engine speed.
Check maximum governed engine speed. Adjust
speed to specifications if necessary.
2. Blade speed.
All deck blades should rotate at the same speed.
See items in Troubleshooting Section of Chapter 4 -Hydraulic System.
3. Tire pressure.
Check each tire’s pressure. Adjust to pressures
specified in Specifications Section of Chapter 6 -Wheels and Brakes.
4. Blade condition.
Sharpen blades if their cutting edges are dull or nicked.
Inspect blade sail for wear or damage. Replace blade if
needed.
5. Mower housing condition.
Make sure that cutting chambers are in good condition.
Keep underside of deck clean. Debris buildup will
reduce cutting performance.
6. Height--of--cut.
Make sure all cutting units are set at the same
height--of--cut. Set units as specified in the Cutting Unit
Operator’s Manual.
7. Cutting unit alignment and ground following.
Check lift arms and cutting unit pivot linkages for wear,
damage, or binding. Also inspect for bent or damaged
pivot shafts.
8. Roller condition.
All rollers should rotate freely. Replace roller bearings
if worn or damaged.
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 7 -- 3
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Hydraulic
Systems
Possible Problem/Correction
Electrical
Systems
Factor
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Factors That Can Affect Quality of Cut
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
and Manuals
Remember that the “effective” or actual height--of--cut
depends on cutting unit weight and turf conditions. Effective height--of--cut will be different than the bench set
height--of--cut.
Cutting
Units
There are a number of factors that can contribute to unsatisfactory quality of cut, some of which may be turf
conditions. Turf conditions such as excessive thatch,
“sponginess” or attempting to cut off too much grass
height may not always be overcome by adjusting the
machine. It is important to remember that the lower the
height--of--cut, the more critical these factors are.
Safety
Troubleshooting
Special Tools
Order these special tools from your Toro Distributor.
Cutting Unit Tool Kit - TOR4070
This tool kit includes special tools used to assemble the
cutting unit rear roller that has greasable bearings with
a grease fitting on the ends of the roller shaft.
TOR4064
TOR4065
TOR4066
TOR4067
TOR4068
TOR4869
TOR4071
TOR4072
TOR4073
TOR4074
Spanner Wrench
Inner Oil Seal Installer
Bearing Installer
Shaft Support Tool
Inner Seal Installer
Outer Seal Installer
Outer Oil Seal Installer
Shaft Seal Protector
Handle
Spline Insert Tool
Figure 1
Rear Roller Grease Nozzle -- 107--1998
This tool is used to grease the cutting unit rear roller
bearings when equipped with a grease fitting on the
ends of the roller shaft.
Figure 2
Rear Roller Bearing and Seal Installation Tools
These tools are used to assemble the cutting unit rear
roller that has greasable bearings and a bearing lock nut
used to retain the bearings.
Bearing Installation
Washer
115--0852 Inner Seal Tool
115--0853 Bearing/Outer Seal Tool
107--8133 Bearing Installation Washer
Bearing/Outer Seal
Tool
Inner Seal
Tool
Figure 3
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Page 7 -- 4
Rev. E
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Safety
Adjustments
CAUTION
Product Records
and Manuals
Never install or work on the cutting units or lift
arms with the engine running. Always stop engine and remove key first.
IMPORTANT: This cutting deck often cuts approximately 1/4 inch lower than a reel cutting unit with the
same bench setting. It may be necessary to have
these rotary cutting deck’s bench set 1/4 inch above
that of reels cutting in the same area.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Height--of--Cut Adjustment
2
3
NOTE: Check carrier frame position before adjusting
height--of--cut (See Carrier Frame).
4
1
2. Loosen cap screw securing each height--of--cut
bracket to height--of--cut plate (front and each side).
Hydraulic
Systems
1. Lower cutting deck to ground, stop engine, and remove key from ignition switch.
30 ft--lb
(41 N--m)
5. Move deck chamber to desired height--of--cut and
install spacer into designated height--of--cut hole and
slot.
Figure 1
1. Height--of--cut bracket
2. Height--of--cut plate
3. Spacer
4. Cap screw
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
4. While supporting deck chamber, remove spacer.
6. Position tapped height--of--cut plate in line with
spacer and install cap screw finger tight.
7. Repeat steps 4 -- 6 for each side adjustment.
8. Tighten all three cap screws to 30 ft--lb (41 N--m).
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 7 -- 5
Figure 2
Cutting
Units
NOTE: Adjustments of more than 1 1/2 inch may require temporary assembly to an intermediate height to
prevent binding of the deck chamber.
Electrical
Systems
3. Beginning with front adjustment, remove cap screw.
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Adjust Roller Scraper
If cutting deck is equipped with a rear roller scraper,
there should be an even gap of .020 to .040 inch (.51 to
1.02 mm) between the scraper rod and rear roller.
EARLY STYLE
1
5
Two styles of roller scrapers have been available for the
Groundsmaster 3500--D. Early models used a scraper
rod that was fastened to brackets with lock nuts (Fig. 3).
The scraper system used on later models has a one
piece scraper component (Fig. 4). The adjustment
method for both styles is similar.
6
4
1. On scraper rods equipped with lock nuts (Fig. 3),
loosen lock nut securing one end of scraper rod to
mounting bracket. For proper roller scraper adjustment,
there should be approximately .005 to .020 inch (.13 to
.51 mm) end play in loosened rod.
2. Loosen left and right scraper bracket mounting fasteners only enough to allow mounting brackets to be adjusted:
2
3
30 ft--lb
(41 N--m)
65 in--lb (8.5 N--m)
Figure 3
1. Rear roller
2. Scraper rod
3. Lock nut
A. Early models use two flange head screws on
each scraper bracket.
LATER STYLE
B. Later models use one flange head screw and one
cap screw with jam nut on each side of roller.
1
4. Scraper bracket
5. Roller mount
6. Flange head screw
30 ft--lb
(41 N--m)
3. Slide scraper brackets up or down until a gap of .020
to .040 inch (.51 to 1.02 mm) is achieved between the
scraper rod and roller.
4
4. Secure mounting bracket fasteners to 30 ft--lb (41
N--m).
5. On scraper rods equipped with lock nuts (Fig. 3),
tighten scraper rod lock nut to 65 in--lb (8.5 N--m).
NOTE: On scraper rods equipped with lock nuts (Fig.
3), if one side of scraper rod becomes worn, it can be rotated in the mounting brackets 180 degrees for a new
edge.
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
3
2
5
Figure 4
1. Rear roller
2. Scraper rod
3. Roller mount
Page 7 -- 6
4. Flange head screw
5. Cap screw with jam nut
Groundsmaster 3500--D
1. Remove cutting unit to be inspected (see Cutting
Unit Removal and Installation).
2. Use hoist (or minimum of two people) and place cutting deck on flat table.
3. Mark one end of blade with paint pen or marker. Use
this end of blade to check all heights.
4. Position cutting edge of marked end of blade at 12
o’clock (straight ahead in direction of mowing). Measure
height from table to cutting edge of blade.
7. Adjust right and/or left height--of--cut brackets by repeating steps 1 thru 3.
8. Secure right and/or left height--of--cut brackets with
carriage bolts and flange nuts.
9. Verify 12, 3, and 9 o’clock heights.
5. Rotate marked end of blade to the 3 and 9 o’clock
positions and measure heights.
Hydraulic
Systems
12 o’clock
9 o’clock
3 o’clock
Electrical
Systems
6. Compare 12 o’clock measured height to the height-of--cut setting. It should be within .090 inch (2.3 mm).
The 3 and 9 o’clock heights should be .150 + .090 inch
(3.8 + 2.3 mm) higher than the 12 o’clock setting and
within .090 inch (2.3 mm) of each other. If any of these
measurements are not within specification, proceed to
Adjusting Blade Plane.
Adjusting Blade Plane
Start with front bracket adjustment and change one
height--of--cut bracket at a time.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
6 o’clock
1. Remove height--of--cut bracket (front, left, or right)
from deck frame.
Figure 5
2. Position .060 inch and/or .030 inch shims between
the deck frame and bracket to achieve the desired blade
height setting.
1
Cutting
Units
3. Install height--of--cut bracket to deck frame with remaining shims assembled below the height--of--cut
bracket.
NOTE: Socket head bolt and spacer for front bracket
are held together with Loctite to prevent spacer from falling inside the deck frame.
2
4. Secure front height--of--cut bracket to deck frame
with socket head bolt/spacer and flange nut.
5. Verify 12 o’clock height. Re--adjust if needed.
Figure 6
1. Height--of--cut bracket
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Product Records
and Manuals
Blade Plane Inspection
6. Determine if one or both (RH and LH) height--of--cut
brackets need to be adjusted. If the 3 or 9 o’clock side
is .150 + .090 inch (3.8 + 2.3 mm) higher than the new
front height, then no adjustment is needed for that side.
Adjust other side (if needed) to within + .090 inch (+ 2.3
mm) of correct side.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
If a solid object is struck by the cutting deck, the blade
plane of the deck should be inspected.
Safety
Blade Plane Inspection and Adjustment
Page 7 -- 7
2. Shims
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Service and Repairs
CAUTION
Never install or work on the cutting units or lift
arms with the engine running. Always stop engine and remove key first.
Blade Stopping Time
The blades of the cutting deck are to come to a complete
stop in approximately 5 seconds after the cutting deck
engagement switch is shut down.
NOTE: When checking blade stopping time, make sure
the decks are lowered onto a clean section of turf or hard
surface to avoid dust and debris.
To verify blade stopping time, have a second person
stand back a safe distance from the machine and watch
the blade on one of the cutting decks. When the machine
operator disengages the cutting decks, record the time
it takes for the blade to come to a complete stop. If this
time is greater than 7 seconds, the braking valve (BV)
on the hydraulic manifold needs adjustment (see Braking Valve Adjustment in the Adjustments section of
Chapter 4 -- Hydraulic System).
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Page 7 -- 8
Rev. E
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Cutting Unit Removal and Installation
Safety
Removal
3. Cover top of spindle housing to prevent contamination. Spindle plug (Toro Part # 94--2703) can be used to
cover spindle.
4. Remove lynch pin securing deck carrier frame to lift
arm pivot shaft (Fig. 8).
Figure 7
1. Cap screw
2. Hydraulic motor
Hydraulic
Systems
6. Remove cutting unit from lift arm pivot shaft. Roll the
cutting unit away from the traction unit.
Installation
1. Position machine on a clean, level surface. Lower lift
arms, stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove
key from the ignition switch.
1
2. Install cutting unit onto pivot shaft:
A. On the front cutting units, slide thrust washer and
then cutting unit carrier frame onto pivot shaft. Note:
front right and left carrier frames are identical except
for the location of the service latch rod (Fig. 9).
2
1. Lynch pin
Figure 8
2. Lift arm pivot shaft
B. On the rear cutting unit, slide cutting unit carrier
frame and then thrust washer onto pivot shaft.
3. Install lynch pin onto the pivot shaft (Fig. 8).
1
Cutting
Units
4. Remove plug or cover from top of spindle housing,
if installed.
5. Position O--ring to top of spindle housing. Install hydraulic motor to the cutting unit with two cap screws (Fig.
7).
6. Lubricate spindle and carrier frame grease fittings
(see Lubrication in Chapter 2 -- Product Records and
Maintenance).
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 7 -- 9 Rev. E
Electrical
Systems
5. Note location of thrust washer on lift arm pivot shaft.
1
2
Kubota
Diesel Engine
1
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
2. Remove two cap screws that secure hydraulic motor
to the cutting unit (Fig. 7). Remove hydraulic motor from
deck and O--ring from top of spindle housing.
Product Records
and Manuals
1. Position machine on a clean, level surface. Lower
cutting units, stop engine, engage parking brake, and
remove key from the ignition switch.
Figure 9
1. Service latch rod
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Cutting Blade Removal and Installation
The cutting blade must be replaced if a solid object is hit,
the blade is out of balance, or if the blade is bent. Always
use genuine TORO replacement blades to be sure of
safety and optimum performance. Never use replacement blades made by other manufacturers because
they could be dangerous.
4
1
1. Park machine on a level surface, raise cutting units
to highest position, stop engine, engage parking brake,
and remove key from the ignition switch. Block cutting
deck to prevent it from falling accidentally.
2
3
2. Grasp end of cutting blade using a rag or thickly
padded glove. Remove blade bolt, anti--scalp cup, and
blade from spindle shaft.
3. Install blade (sail facing toward cutting deck), anti-scalp cup, and blade bolt. Tighten bolt from 85 to 110 ft-lb (115 to 149 N--m).
85 to 110 ft--lb
(115 to 149 N--m)
Figure 10
1. Cutting blade
2. Anti--scalp cup
3. Blade bolt
4. Spindle shaft
Inspecting and Sharpening Blade
1. Park machine on a level surface, raise cutting units
to highest position, stop engine, engage parking brake,
and remove key from the ignition switch. Block cutting
deck to prevent it from falling accidentally.
higher than the heel, the blade is bent or warped, and
must be replaced.
WARNING
Do not try to straighten a blade that is bent.
Never weld a broken or cracked blade. Always
use a new blade to assure continued safety
certification of the product.
2. Examine cutting ends of the blade carefully, especially where the flat and curved (sail) parts of the blade
meet (Fig. 11). Since sand and abrasive material can
wear away the metal that connects the flat part and sail
of the blade, check the blade before using the machine.
If wear is noticed, replace the blade.
3. Inspect cutting edges of all blades. Sharpen the cutting edges if they are dulled or nicked. Sharpen only the
top of the cutting edge and maintain the original cutting
angle to make sure of sharpness (Fig. 12). The blade will
remain balanced if the same amount of metal is removed from both cutting edges.
4. To check blade for being straight and parallel, remove blade (see Cutter Blade Removal and Installation)
and lay it on a level surface. The ends of the blade must
be slightly lower than the center and the cutting edge
must be lower than the heel of the blade. If the blade is
higher at the ends than the center, or if cutting edge is
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Page 7 -- 10
Figure 11
SHARPEN AT THIS
ANGLE ONLY
BLADE END VIEW
Figure 12
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Three types of rear rollers have been used on the
Groundsmaster 3500--D. One roller design has sealed
bearings with no grease fittings on the roller shaft. The
second design has grease fittings in the roller shaft
ends. The third design has grease fittings incorporated
into the roller fasteners. Removal and installation of the
rear roller from the cutting deck is the same, regardless
of roller type.
2
9
3
1
Safety
Rear Roller
8
3
4
2
Removal (Fig. 13)
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
Figure 13
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Cutting deck frame
Flange head screw
Cap screw
Roller mount
Skid bracket
4. Loosen fasteners securing each end of roller to roller
mounts. Remove mounts from roller.
2
1
4
3
Figure 14
1. Roller mount
2. Scraper rod (early style)
Installation (Fig. 13)
Cap screw
Rear roller
Cap screw (if equipped)
Grease fitting
EARLY STYLE
C. Remove scraper rod assembly from cutting deck.
3. Remove four (4) mounting screws securing roller
mounts to rear of deck frame. Remove roller mounts and
rear roller assembly from deck frame.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Hydraulic
Systems
B. Remove fasteners securing left and right scraper
rod brackets to roller mounts (Figs. 14 and 15).
7
3. Set screw
4. Locknut
1. Place roller assembly into roller mounts.
2. Install roller and roller mount assembly into rear of
deck frame. Secure assembly to deck frame with flange
head screws.
LATER STYLE
3
4
2
1
4. If equipped, install scraper rod assembly to roller
mounts. Adjust scraper rod (see Adjust Roller Scraper
in the Adjustments section).
Cutting
Units
IMPORTANT: If roller design includes grease fittings in
roller fasteners (items 8 and 9 in Fig. 13), make sure the
grease groove in each roller mount aligns with the
grease hole in each end of the roller shaft. To help align
the groove and hole, there is also an alignment mark on
one end of the roller shaft.
3. Tighten fasteners that secure each end of roller to
roller mounts.
5
Figure 15
1. Roller scraper
2. Scraper plate
3. Cap screw
4. Cap screw
5. Jam nut
5. If roller design allows greasing, lubricate roller
grease points.
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Electrical
Systems
A. If equipped with early style roller scraper (Fig.
14), loosen one locknut that secures roller scraper
rod to mounting bracket.
5
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
2. If cutting deck is equipped with roller scraper, remove roller scraper from deck.
6
Kubota
Diesel Engine
6 5
Product Records
and Manuals
4
Page 7 -- 11 Rev. E
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Rear Roller Service (Non--Greasable Bearings)
Seal Removal (Fig. 16)
1. Using a 1/4 inch thick, 3” X 3” square piece of steel,
make a seal removal tool as shown in Figure 17.
2. Slide seal removal tool over roller shaft.
5. Install second spiral retaining ring onto roller shaft to
secure second bearing.
6. Install new seals to .030 inch (.76 mm) recessed into
roller.
3. Using the tool as a template, locate, mark, and drill
two 7/64 inch (.109 inch diameter) holes in outer face of
seal.
2
3
4
4. Screw two No. 8 (.164 inch diameter) by 3/4 inch long
self--tapping screws into outer face of seal.
5. Install two 1/4--20 by 1 inch long cap screws into seal
removal tool.
6. Alternately tighten cap screws to pull seal out of roller
assembly.
NOTE: Seals will be destroyed when servicing the rear
roller. Do not re--use seals that have been removed.
5
1
Figure 16
1. Roller
2. Roller shaft
3. Bearing
4. Retaining ring
5. Oil seal
.188” dia. (2)
Bearing Removal (Fig. 16)
.625” dia.
NOTE: The bearings are pressed onto the roller shaft
and loose fit into the roller.
1. Remove seals from roller. Remove retaining rings
from roller shaft: catch ring removal notch with pick and
pull ring from shaft.
.625”
.625”
2. Loosely secure roller assembly in bench vise and
lightly tap one end of roller shaft until free from bearing
and housing.
3. Remove second bearing from shaft by supporting
bearing on inner race and tapping on roller shaft.
Tap 1/4--20
UNC (2)
1.05”
1.05”
Figure 17
4. Discard removed bearings. Inspect shaft, retaining
rings, and roller for damage. Replace components as
needed.
Roller Assembly (Fig. 16)
1. Press new bearing onto one end of roller shaft. Apply
pressure equally to inner and outer bearing races.
2. Place spiral retaining ring on same end of shaft as
installed bearing.
3. Install shaft with single bearing into roller.
4. Install second new bearing onto roller shaft. Apply
pressure equally to inner and outer bearing races. The
inner race will contact shoulder of shaft before outer
race contacts shoulder of roller.
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Page 7 -- 12 Rev. E
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Rear Roller Service (Greasable Bearings with Retaining Ring)
1
1. Remove retaining ring from both ends of roller.
Safety
Roller Disassembly (Fig. 18)
2
3
4
2. Hit end of roller shaft with a soft face hammer to remove seals and bearing from one end of roller. Hit other
end of roller shaft to remove seals and bearing from other end of roller. Be careful not to drop roller shaft.
3. Discard seals and bearings.
Roller Assembly (Fig. 18)
NOTE: A soft face hammer can be used with the special
tools listed (see Special Tools) to assemble the roller,
however use of a press is recommended.
1. Use installation tool TOR4065 and handle TOR4073
to install inner oil seal into each end of roller tube.
10
9
7
8
6
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
and Manuals
5
IMPORTANT: If ball bearing has a seal on one side,
install bearing with seal orientated toward the outside of the roller.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Roller shaft
Outer seal
Retaining ring
Outer oil seal
Grease fitting
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Washer
Inner seal
Ball bearing
Inner oil seal
Roller tube
Electrical
Systems
NOTE: Ball bearings have a press fit into the roller tube
and a slip fit onto the roller shaft.
Hydraulic
Systems
Figure 18
2. Install ball bearings:
A. Use tool TOR4066 and handle TOR4073 to
install ball bearing into one end of roller tube.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
B. Install roller shaft from opposite end of roller. Be
careful not to damage the inner oil seals.
C. Put roller in a vertical position and support shaft
and bearing with tool TOR4067.
D. Use tool TOR4067 to install second ball bearing.
3. Use tool TOR4068 to install inner seal.
Cutting
Units
4. Use tool TOR4069 to install outer seal.
5. Install retaining ring so that side with sharp edges
faces end of roller (out).
6. Use tool TOR4071 to install outer oil seal.
7. Use tool TOR4067 to install washer.
8. Put opposite end of roller facing up and support bottom end with tool TOR4067. Repeat steps 3 - 7.
9. Use a hand operated grease gun and No. 2 general
purpose lithium base grease to lubricate bearings until
grease appears at washer. Wipe off excess grease.
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 7 -- 13 Rev. E
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Rear Roller Service (Greasable Bearings with Bearing Nut)
Disassembly (Fig. 19)
2
1. Remove bearing lock nut from each end of roller
shaft.
50 to 60 ft--lb
(68 to 81 N--m)
3
4
2. Loosely secure roller assembly in bench vise and
lightly tap one end of roller shaft until outer seals and
bearing are removed from opposite end of roller tube.
Remove second set of outer seals and bearing from roller tube by tapping on opposite end of shaft. Remove
shaft from roller tube.
5
6
7
1
2
4
3
5
3. Carefully remove inner seal from both ends of roller
tube taking care to not damage tube surfaces.
6
4. Discard removed seals and bearings.
Loctite #242
5. Clean roller shaft and all surfaces on the inside of the
roller tube. Inspect components for wear or damage.
Also, carefully inspect seating surface and threads of
bearing lock nuts. Replace all damaged components.
Assembly (Fig. 19)
1
1. Install inner seals into roller tube making sure that
seal lip (and garter spring) faces end of tube. Use inner
seal tool (see Special Tools) and soft face hammer to fully seat seals against roller shoulder (Fig. 20). Apply a
small amount of grease around the lip of both inner seals
after installation.
7
Figure 19
1.
2.
3.
4.
Roller tube
Roller shaft
Inner seal
Bearing
5. Outer seal
6. Bearing lock nut
7. Set screw
1
2
3
IMPORTANT: During assembly process, frequently
check that bearings rotate freely and do not bind. If
any binding is detected, consider component removal and reinstallation.
2. Install new bearing and outer seals into one end of
roller tube:
A. Position a new bearing into one end of roller tube.
Use bearing/outer seal tool (see Special Tools) with
a soft face hammer to fully seat bearing against roller
shoulder (Fig. 21). After bearing installation, make
sure that it rotates freely with no binding.
Figure 20
1. Roller tube
2. Inner seal
3. Inner seal tool
1
B. Apply a small amount of grease around the lip of
both outer seals.
2
3
4
C. Install first outer seal into roller tube making sure
that seal lip (and garter spring) faces end of tube.
Use bearing/outer seal tool (see Special Tools) and
soft face hammer to lightly seat seal against roller
shoulder (Fig. 22). Make sure that bearing still freely
rotates after seal installation.
D. Using the same process, install second outer
seal making sure to not crush the installed outer seal.
Again, make sure that bearing still freely rotates.
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Figure 21
1. Roller tube
2. Inner seal
3. Bearing
Page 7 -- 14
Rev. E
4. Washer
5. Bearing/outer seal tool
Groundsmaster 3500--D
1
3
2
4
C. Apply a small amount of grease around the lip of
both outer seals.
D. Carefully install first outer seal into roller tube
making sure that seal lip (and garter spring) faces
end of tube. Use bearing/outer seal tool (see Special
Tools) and soft face hammer to lightly seat seal (Fig.
24). Make sure that shaft and bearings still freely rotate after seal installation.
1
4. Outer seal
5. Bearing/outer seal tool
2
3
4
5
6
E. Using the same process, install second outer
seal making sure to not crush the installed outer seal.
Again, make sure that shaft and bearings still freely
rotate.
1. Roller tube
2. Roller shaft
3. Inner seal
5. Thoroughly clean threads on both ends of roller
shaft.
1
4. Bearing
5. Washer
6. Bearing/outer seal tool
2
3
4
5
6
Cutting
Units
NOTE: If original bearing lock nut(s) are being used,
apply Loctite #242 (or equivalent) to threads of lock
nut(s).
6. Install bearing lock nut onto each end of the roller
shaft. Make sure that outer seals are not damaged during nut installation. Torque lock nuts from 50 to 60 ft--lb
(68 to 81 N--m).
Figure 24
1. Roller tube
2. Roller shaft
3. Inner seal
4. Bearing
5. Outer seal
6. Bearing/outer seal tool
IMPORTANT: When roller assembly is installed to
cutting deck, make sure that grease groove in each
roller mount aligns with the grease hole in each end
of roller shaft.
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Safety
Figure 23
IMPORTANT: Make sure that all grease is removed
from shaft threads to prevent bearing lock nut loosening.
7. If set screw was removed from either end of roller
shaft, apply Loctite #242 (or equivalent) to threads of removed set screw and install into roller shaft. Tighten set
screw until it bottoms in shaft and is recessed in shaft.
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Figure 22
1. Roller tube
2. Inner seal
3. Bearing
Electrical
Systems
B. Use washer and bearing/outer seal tool (see
Special Tools) with a soft face hammer to fully seat
bearing (Fig. 23). After bearing installation, make
sure that shaft freely rotates and that no binding is
detected. If necessary, lightly tap bearing and/or
shaft ends to align shaft and bearings. Remove
washer from roller.
5
Product Records
and Manuals
A. Position a second new bearing to roller shaft and
tube. Position washer (see Special Tools) on bearing
to allow pressing on both inner and outer bearing
races simultaneously.
Hydraulic
Systems
4. Install new bearing and outer seals into second end
of roller tube:
NOTE: After roller is installed to cutting deck, lubricate
roller grease fittings, rotate roller to properly distribute
grease in bearings and clean excess grease from roller
ends. A properly assembled roller should rotate with
less than 5 in--lbs (0.68 N--m) resistance.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
3. From the roller tube end with only the inner seal
installed, carefully install the roller shaft into the roller
tube. Make sure that seals are not damaged as shaft is
installed.
Page 7 -- 15 Rev. E
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Front Roller Service
Disassembly (Fig. 25)
1. Remove roller mounting bolt.
2. Remove roller assembly from carrier frame.
1
3. To remove bearings and spacer:
A. Insert punch through end of roller and drive opposite bearing out by alternating taps to opposite side of
inner bearing race. There should be a lip of inner race
exposed for this process.
2
B. Remove spacer. Remove second bearing from
roller using a press.
4. Inspect roller housing, bearings, and bearing spacer
for damage or wear. Replace components as needed.
Assembly (Fig. 25)
80 ft--lb
(108 N--m)
3
4
2
Figure 25
1. Mounting bolt
2. Bearing
3. Spacer
4. Front roller
NOTE: Securing roller assembly with a gap larger than
.060 inch (1.52 mm) creates a side load on bearings and
can lead to premature bearing failure.
1. Install bearings and bearing spacer into roller:
A. Press first bearing into housing. Press on outer
race only or equally on inner and outer races.
B. Insert bearing spacer.
C. Press second bearing into roller housing pressing equally on inner and outer races until the inner
race comes in contact with the spacer.
3. Verify that there is no more than a .060 inch (1.52
mm) gap between roller assembly and the roller mount
brackets of the deck frame. If this gap is larger than .060
inch (1.5 mm), shim excess clearance with 5/8” washers.
4. Insert mounting bolt and tighten to 80 ft--lb (108
N--m).
2. Install roller assembly into deck frame.
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Page 7 -- 16
Rev. E
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Cutting
Units
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Page 7 -- 17 Rev. E
Electrical
Systems
This page is intentionally blank.
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Hydraulic
Systems
Kubota
Diesel Engine
Product Records
and Manuals
Safety
Blade Spindle Service
Disassembly
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
1
2. Remove two cap screws that secure hydraulic motor
to the cutting unit (Fig. 26). Remove hydraulic motor and
O--ring from deck.
3. Cover top of spindle to prevent contamination.
Spindle plug (Toro Part # 94--2703) can be used to cover
spindle.
4. Start the engine and raise the cutting unit. Stop engine and remove key from the ignition switch. Block up
the cutting unit so it cannot fall accidentally. If required
for easier service, remove cutting unit (see Cutting Unit
Removal and Installation).
2
Figure 26
1. Cap screw
2. Hydraulic motor
2
5. Remove cutting blade, anti--scalp cup and bolt (see
Cutting Blade Removal and Installation).
6. Remove cap screws and flange nuts securing
spindle housing to deck. Slide spindle housing assembly out the bottom of the deck. Remove spindle plate
from top of deck.
1
6
4
131 to 159 ft--lb
(178 to 216 N--m)
11
10
7. Loosen and remove spindle nut from top of spindle
shaft.
9
12
8
7
8. Press the spindle shaft out of the spindle housing using an arbor press. The shaft spacer remains on the
spindle shaft as the shaft is being removed.
1
4
9. Remove seals from spindle housing.
5
10.Allow the bearings, inside spacer and spacer ring to
fall out of the spindle housing.
3
11. Using a punch and hammer, drive both of the bearing
cups out of the spindle housing. Also drive the large
spacer out of the housing.
12.The large snap ring should remain inside the spindle
housing because it is difficult to remove.
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Figure 27
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Page 7 -- 18
Spindle housing
Spindle plug
Spindle shaft
Oil seal
Shaft spacer
Spindle nut
Rev. E
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Grease fitting
Bearing
Spacer ring
Spacer set (2 piece)
Bearing
Large snap ring
Groundsmaster 3500--D
2. Using an arbor press, push large spacer into top of
spindle housing. The spacer should fit tightly against the
snap ring.
3. Thoroughly oil the bearing cups. Using an arbor
press, push the bearing cups into the top and bottom of
the spindle housing. The top bearing cup must contact
the spacer previously installed, and the bottom bearing
cup must contact the snap ring. Make sure that the assembly is correct by supporting the first bearing cup and
pressing the second against it (Fig 28).
12.Install cutting blade, anti--scalp cup and bolt (see
Cutting Blade Removal and Installation). Tighten blade
bolt from 85 to 110 ft--lb (115 to 149 N--m).
13.Position O--ring to top of spindle housing. Install hydraulic motor to the cutting unit with two cap screws.
PRESS
4
5. Install lower bearing and seal into bottom of spindle
housing. Note: The bottom seal must have the lip facing
out (down) (Fig. 29).
3
1
4. Pack the bearing cones with grease. Apply a film of
grease on lips of seals.
2
5
6
Figure 28
1. Bearing cups
2. Large snap ring
3. Large spacer
6. Slide spacer ring and inside spacer into spindle
housing, then install upper bearing and seal into top of
housing. Note: The upper seal must have the lip facing
out (up) (Fig. 29).
4. Arbor press
5. Support
6. Arbor press base
Safety
Product Records
and Manuals
2
Cutting
Units
7. Inspect the spindle shaft to make sure it is free of
burrs or nicks that could possibly damage the seals.
Also, make sure that lubrication hole in shaft is clean.
Lubricate the shaft with grease.
8. Install spindle spacer onto shaft. Carefully slide
spindle shaft through spindle housing. The bottom seal
and spindle spacer fit together when the spindle is
installed fully.
9. Thread spindle nut onto shaft and tighten nut from
131 to 159 ft--lb (178 to 216 N--m).
1
Figure 29
1. Bottom seal installation
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Kubota
Diesel Engine
IMPORTANT: If bearings are being replaced, make
sure to use the large spacer, inside spacer, and
spacer ring that are included in new bearing set.
11. Install spindle housing and spindle plate to deck with
cap screws and flange nuts. Notches on housing and
plate should be aligned to front of deck.
Hydraulic
Systems
1. If large snap ring was removed, or if replacing the
spindle housing, install snap ring into spindle housing
groove. Make sure snap ring is seated in groove.
10.Install spindle plug to top of spindle housing. Attach
a hand pump grease gun to either grease fitting and fill
housing cavity with grease until grease starts to come
out of lower seal. NOTE: Pneumatic grease guns can
produce air pockets when filling large cavities.
Electrical
Systems
IMPORTANT: If new bearings will be installed into a
used spindle housing that has the original large
snap ring installed, discard the snap ring that came
with the new bearings because it is not necessary
to replace the original snap ring. However, new
bearings with their matched spacer set and snap
ring must always be installed when the spindle
housing is being replaced. Replacement bearings
are sold only with a matched snap ring and spacer
set. These parts cannot be purchased separately.
IMPORTANT: When greasing spindles, grease
passes into the center of the shaft and out to fill the
bearing cavity of the housing. If grease does not
come out of lower seal when greasing, check lubrication hole in spindle shaft for obstruction.
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Assembly
Page 7 -- 19 Rev. E
2. Upper seal installation
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Carrier Frame
The front and rear cutting units require different mounting positions on the carrier frames.
2
Front Carrier Frame
1. For heights of cut in the 3/4 to 3 inch (1.9 to 7.6 cm)
range, the front cutting units should be mounted in the
lower front mounting holes (Fig. 30) of the carrier frame.
NOTE: This permits more up travel of the cutting decks
relative to the tractor when approaching quick uphill
changes in terrain. It does, however, limit the clearance
of the cutting deck to carrier when cresting sharp knolls.
2. For heights of cut in the 2 1/2 to 4 inch (6.4 to 10.2
cm) range, the front cutting units should be mounted in
the upper front mounting holes (Fig. 30) of the carrier
frame.
1
3
Figure 30
1. Lower front mtg. hole
2. Upper front mtg. hole
3. Rear mounting hole
NOTE: This increases the cutting deck to carrier clearance due to the higher position of the cutting deck, but
will cause the cutting decks to reach their maximum up
travel sooner.
Rear Carrier Frame
1. For all heights--of--cut, the rear cutting deck should
be mounted in the rear mounting holes (Fig. 30) of the
carrier frame.
Cutting Units (Rev. D)
Page 7 -- 20
Rev. E
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Electrical Diagrams
Product Records
and Manuals
Table of Contents
Safety
Chapter 8
Electrical
Diagrams
Wheels, Brakes,
and Chassis
Electrical
Systems
Hydraulic
Systems
Kubota
Diesel Engine
ELECTRICAL SCHEMATICS AND DIAGRAMS . . . 3
Electrical Schematic (Serial Numbers 90101
to 230999999) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Glow Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Crank Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Run Circuits (Transport) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Run Circuits (Mow) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Harness Diagram (Serial Numbers 90101
to 230999999) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Harness Drawing (Serial Numbers 90101
to 230999999) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Electrical Schematic (Serial Numbers
240000001 and Up) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Harness Diagram (Serial Numbers 240000001
to 313999999) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Harness Drawing (Serial Numbers 240000001
to 313999999) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Harness Diagram (Serial Numbers 314000001
and Up) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Harness Drawing (Serial Numbers 314000001
and Up) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Page 8 - 1
Rev. G
Electrical Diagrams
This page is intentionally blank.
Electrical Diagrams
Page 8 -- 2
Groundsmaster 3500--D
R/BK
OPTION #2
SEAT SWITCH
ALTERNATOR
RUN SOLENOID
PK
B
R
FUEL PUMP
(HOLD)
L
(PULL)
SHUTDOWN
110_C
(+)
(+)
6500 MFD
HOUR
METER
HR
OR
(--)
85
(CLOSED WHEN OCCUPIED)
Y
BN
W
PARKING BRAKE #1
OR
(IN OFF POSITION)
ENGINE
GROUND
(--)
R
1
OR
2
FRAME
GROUND
87
1
OR
NEUTRAL RELAY
86
NEUTRAL
SWITCH
VIO
GAUGE
CLUSTER
GN
86
OR
D1
1
15 A
Y
30
87a
VIO
BU
BK
INTERLOCK RELAY
OR
B
A
S
F2
BU
I
PK
X
NOTE: ROTARY DECKS ON/OFF SWITCH ON CONSOLE
INCLUDES TERMINALS SHOWN IN TWO PLACES ON THIS
SCHEMATIC.
ROTARY DECKS ON/OFF
(TERMINALS 5 AND 6)
OPTIONAL
LIGHT
F4
(NOT SUPPLIED)
PK
IGNITION
SWITCH
Y
5A
Y
5
PK
6
(DECKS OFF)
BU
30
R
87
85
PK
STOP -- -- -- -- NONE
2
2
ROTARY DECKS ON/OFF
(TERMINALS 1 AND 2)
(DECKS OFF)
85
87
5A
NO
BACKLAP
PARKING BRAKE #2
BK
D2
C
BU
D4
1
Y
NOT USED
87
85
(+)
F3
D3
87a
30
PK
VIO
BATTERY
BK
(CLOSED IN NEUTRAL)
BK
ENGINE
OR
SHUTDOWN
SP
OVER TEMP
Start
GLOW
FL
OVER TEMP
G
LOW OIL PRESS
B+
ALTERNATOR
FL
85
FL
87a
SEAT RELAY
87a
OR
30
FL
T
R/BK
87
2
LOW OIL PRESSURE
30
86
1
GY
W
F1
R/BK
2
WARNING
105_C
86
W
R
OPTION #1
SEAT SWITCH
GY
BK
R
PK
(--)
OR
W
BU
GN
TRANSPORT/MOW
BK
ROTARY DECK
DRIVE SOLENOID
GLOW PLUGS (3)
86
GLOW RELAY
ON/PREHEAT -- -- -- --B+I+A; X+Y
START -- -- -- B+I+S
BU
KUBOTA
GLOW PLUG
CONTROLER
PK
OR
1
4
2
5
3
6
VIO
BK -- --
BLACK
GY -- --
GRAY
R -- --
RED
BU -- --
BLUE
GN -- --
GREEN
T -- --
TAN
Y -- --
YELLOW
BN -- --
BROWN
OR -- --
ORANGE
VIO --
VIOLET
R/BK --
RED/BLACK
PINK
W -- --
WHITE
SP -- --
SPLICE
FUSIBLE LINK
PK -- --
T
BK
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Electrical Schematic
(Serial Numbers 90101 to 230999999)
All relays and solenoids
are shown as de-- energized.
Page 8 -- 3
Rev. E
R/BK
OPTION #2
SEAT SWITCH
ALTERNATOR
RUN SOLENOID
PK
B
FUEL PUMP
R
(HOLD)
L
(PULL)
SHUTDOWN
110_C
(+)
(+)
6500 MFD
HOUR
METER
HR
OR
(--)
85
(CLOSED WHEN OCCUPIED)
GY
LOW OIL PRESS
BN
W
30
PARKING BRAKE #1
OR
(IN OFF POSITION)
T
(--)
FRAME
GROUND
R
OR
1
30
VIO
86
NEUTRAL
SWITCH
VIO
GAUGE
CLUSTER
GN
D1
1
ROTARY DECKS ON/OFF
(TERMINALS 1 AND 2)
(DECKS OFF)
Y
BU
BK
INTERLOCK RELAY
15 A
OR
A
B
S
F2
BU
I
PK
PK
X
ROTARY DECKS ON/OFF
(TERMINALS 5 AND 6)
OPTIONAL
LIGHT
F4
(NOT SUPPLIED)
NOTE: ROTARY DECKS ON/OFF SWITCH ON CONSOLE
INCLUDES TERMINALS SHOWN IN TWO PLACES ON THIS
SCHEMATIC.
IGNITION
SWITCH
Y
2
2
30
87a
VIO
NO
BACKLAP
PARKING BRAKE #2
D4
85
87
5A
C
BU
BK
86
Y
NOT USED
87
85
PK
OR
F3
D3
87a
1
2
D2
NEUTRAL RELAY
2
OR
(+)
BATTERY
1
BK
(CLOSED IN NEUTRAL)
BK
ENGINE
OR
87a
2
ENGINE
GROUND
OVER TEMP
SHUTDOWN
SP
85
Start
GLOW
FL
OVER TEMP
G
LOW OIL PRESS
B+
ALTERNATOR
FL
87a
OR
FL
R/BK
87
SEAT RELAY
30
86
FL
87
W
86
1
WARNING
105_C
F1
R/BK
GY
Y
W
R
OPTION #1
SEAT SWITCH
BK
R
PK
(--)
5A
Y
5
PK
6
(DECKS OFF)
BU
30
R
85
PK
STOP -- -- -- -- NONE
87
OR
W
BU
GN
TRANSPORT/MOW
BK
ROTARY DECKS
DRIVE SOLENOID
GLOW PLUGS (3)
86
GLOW RELAY
ON/PREHEAT -- -- -- --B+I+A; X+Y
START -- -- -- B+I+S
BU
PK
OR
KUBOTA
GLOW PLUG
CONTROLER
1
4
2
5
3
6
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Glow Circuits
VIO
BK -- --
BLACK
GY -- --
GRAY
R -- --
RED
BU -- --
BLUE
GN -- --
GREEN
T -- --
TAN
Y -- --
YELLOW
BN -- --
BROWN
OR -- --
ORANGE
VIO --
VIOLET
R/BK --
RED/BLACK
FUSIBLE LINK
PK -- --
PINK
W -- --
WHITE
SP -- --
SPLICE
T
BK
Power Current
Control Current
Indication Current
Logic Direction
(Schematic from machine with Serial
Number 90101 to 230999999 shown)
Page 8 -- 4
Rev. E
R/BK
OPTION #2
SEAT SWITCH
ALTERNATOR
RUN SOLENOID
PK
B
FUEL PUMP
R
(HOLD)
L
(PULL)
SHUTDOWN
110_C
(+)
(+)
OR
GY
BK
(CLOSED WHEN OCCUPIED)
85
PARKING BRAKE #1
30
Y
BN
W
LOW OIL PRESSURE
OR
(IN OFF POSITION)
ENGINE
GROUND
(--)
FRAME
GROUND
R
1
OR
87a
NEUTRAL
SWITCH
VIO
86
5A
Y
PARKING BRAKE #2
BACKLAP
D1
1
ROTARY DECKS ON/OFF
(TERMINALS 1 AND 2)
(DECKS OFF)
Y
BU
BK
INTERLOCK RELAY
15 A
OR
B
A
S
F2
BU
I
X
NOTE: ROTARY DECKS ON/OFF SWITCH ON CONSOLE
INCLUDES TERMINALS SHOWN IN TWO PLACES ON THIS
SCHEMATIC.
ROTARY DECKS ON/OFF
(TERMINALS 5 AND 6)
OPTIONAL
LIGHT
F4
(NOT SUPPLIED)
PK
PK
IGNITION
SWITCH
Y
2
2
30
87a
VIO
NO
GN
D4
85
87
C
BU
BK
OR
F3
86
1
2
NOT USED
87
85
GAUGE
CLUSTER
BK
D3
87a
30
(+)
BATTERY
D2
NEUTRAL RELAY
PK
VIO
87a
1
OR
(CLOSED IN NEUTRAL)
BK
ENGINE
OR
OVER TEMP
SHUTDOWN
SP
30
Start
T
SEAT RELAY
GLOW
FL
OVER TEMP
G
LOW OIL PRESSURE
B+
ALTERNATOR
FL
85
OR
FL
F1
86
FL
87
W
R/BK
87
1
GY
2
WARNING
105_C
86
2
W
R
OPTION #1
SEAT SWITCH
(--)
R
PK
R/BK
6500 MFD
HOUR
METER
HR
(--)
5A
Y
5
PK
6
(DECKS OFF)
BU
30
R
85
PK
STOP -- -- -- -- NONE
87
OR
W
BU
GN
TRANSPORT/MOW
BK
ROTARY DECKS
DRIVE SOLENOID
GLOW PLUGS (3)
86
GLOW RELAY
ON/PREHEAT -- -- -- --B+I+A; X+Y
START -- -- -- B+I+S
BU
PK
OR
KUBOTA
GLOW PLUG
CONTROLER
1
4
2
5
3
6
VIO
T
BK
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Crank Circuits
Power Current
Control Current
BK -- --
BLACK
GY -- --
GRAY
R -- --
RED
BU -- --
BLUE
GN -- --
GREEN
T -- --
TAN
Y -- --
YELLOW
BN -- --
BROWN
OR -- --
ORANGE
VIO --
VIOLET
R/BK --
RED/BLACK
PINK
W -- --
WHITE
SP -- --
SPLICE
FUSIBLE LINK
PK -- --
Indication Current
Logic Direction
(Schematic from machine with Serial
Number 90101 to 230999999 shown)
Page 8 -- 5
Rev. E
R/BK
OPTION #2
SEAT SWITCH
ALTERNATOR
RUN SOLENOID
PK
B
(HOLD)
L
(PULL)
SHUTDOWN
110_C
GY
OPTION #1
SEAT SWITCH
(--)
BK
85
(CLOSED WHEN OCCUPIED)
Y
GY
BN
W
LOW OIL PRESS
PARKING BRAKE #1
OR
(IN OFF POSITION)
ENGINE
GROUND
R
BK
1
OR
2
87
1
86
NEUTRAL
SWITCH
VIO
GAUGE
CLUSTER
GN
NO
BACKLAP
PARKING BRAKE #2
D1
1
ROTARY DECKS ON/OFF
(TERMINALS 1 AND 2)
(DECKS OFF)
Y
BU
BK
INTERLOCK RELAY
15 A
OR
B
A
S
F2
BU
I
OPTIONAL
LIGHT
(NOT SUPPLIED)
PK
PK
IGNITION
SWITCH
Y
X
NOTE: ROTARY DECKS ON/OFF SWITCH ON CONSOLE
INCLUDES TERMINALS SHOWN IN TWO PLACES ON THIS
SCHEMATIC.
ROTARY DECKS ON/OFF
(TERMINALS 5 AND 6)
F4
2
2
30
87a
VIO
C
BU
D4
85
87
5A
Y
NOT USED
BK
OR
F3
BK
D3
87
1
BATTERY
87a
SEAT RELAY
87a
30
85
86
D2
NEUTRAL RELAY
(+)
R
FRAME
GROUND
OR
PK
VIO
(--)
T
R/BK
87
(CLOSED IN NEUTRAL)
ENGINE
OR
OVER TEMP
SHUTDOWN
SP
85
Start
GLOW
FL
OVER TEMP
G
LOW OIL PRESS
B+
ALTERNATOR
FL
30
OR
FL
F1
86
FL
87a
W
30
2
WARNING
105_C
86
2
W
R/BK
OR
R
PK
(--)
6500 MFD
HOUR
METER
HR
(+)
1
FUEL PUMP
R
(+)
5A
Y
5
PK
6
(DECKS OFF)
BU
30
R
85
PK
STOP -- -- -- -- NONE
87
OR
W
BU
GN
TRANSPORT/MOW
BK
ROTARY DECKS
DRIVE SOLENOID
GLOW PLUGS (3)
86
GLOW RELAY
ON/PREHEAT -- -- -- --B+I+A; X+Y
START -- -- -- B+I+S
BU
KUBOTA
GLOW PLUG
CONTROLER
PK
OR
1
4
2
5
3
6
VIO
T
BK
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Run Circuits (Transport)
Power Current
Control Current
BK -- --
BLACK
GY -- --
GRAY
R -- --
RED
BU -- --
BLUE
GN -- --
GREEN
T -- --
TAN
Y -- --
YELLOW
BN -- --
BROWN
OR -- --
ORANGE
VIO --
VIOLET
R/BK --
RED/BLACK
FUSIBLE LINK
PK -- --
PINK
W -- --
WHITE
SP -- --
SPLICE
Indication Current
Logic Direction
(Schematic from machine with Serial
Number 90101 to 230999999 shown)
Page 8 -- 6
Rev. E
R/BK
OPTION #2
SEAT SWITCH
ALTERNATOR
RUN SOLENOID
PK
B
(HOLD)
L
(PULL)
SHUTDOWN
110_C
GY
OPTION #1
SEAT SWITCH
(--)
BK
85
(CLOSED WHEN OCCUPIED)
Y
GY
BN
W
(IN OFF POSITION)
ENGINE
GROUND
R
BK
R
OR
1
2
D2
1
86
87a
NEUTRAL
SWITCH
GAUGE
CLUSTER
S
F2
BU
I
D1
1
2
2
BU
BK
PK
NOTE: ROTARY DECKS ON/OFF SWITCH ON CONSOLE
INCLUDES TERMINALS SHOWN IN TWO PLACES ON THIS
SCHEMATIC.
X
ROTARY DECKS ON/OFF
(TERMINALS 5 AND 6)
OPTIONAL
LIGHT
F4
(NOT SUPPLIED)
BACKLAP
GN
ROTARY DECKS ON/OFF
(TERMINALS 1 AND 2)
(DECKS ON)
IGNITION
SWITCH
Y
NO
Y
INTERLOCK RELAY
PK
C
BU
PARKING BRAKE #2
30
87a
15 A
A
NOT USED
D4
85
87
5A
VIO
B
D3
BK
86
OR
86
1
Y
BK
87
85
VIO
OR
F3
87a
87a
30
(+)
BATTERY
FRAME
GROUND
NEUTRAL RELAY
PK
VIO
(--)
OR
(CLOSED IN NEUTRAL)
ENGINE
OR
OVER TEMP
SHUTDOWN
SP
30
T
SEAT RELAY
30
Start
GLOW
FL
OVER TEMP
G
LOW OIL PRESSURE
B+
ALTERNATOR
FL
85
OR
FL
87
W
FL
F1
PARKING BRAKE #1
OR
R/BK
87
2
LOW OIL PRESSURE
86
2
W
WARNING
105_C
R/BK
OR
R
PK
(--)
6500 MFD
HOUR
METER
HR
(+)
1
FUEL PUMP
R
(+)
5A
5
PK
Y
6
W
(DECKS ON)
BU
BK
BU
30
R
85
PK
STOP -- -- -- -- NONE
87
OR
GN
TRANSPORT/MOW
(IN MOW)
ROTARY DECKS
DRIVE SOLENOID
GLOW PLUGS (3)
86
GLOW RELAY
ON/PREHEAT -- -- -- --B+I+A; X+Y
START -- -- -- B+I+S
BU
KUBOTA
GLOW PLUG
CONTROLER
PK
OR
1
4
2
5
3
6
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Run Circuits (Mow)
VIO
T
BK
Power Current
Control Current
BK -- --
BLACK
GY -- --
GRAY
R -- --
RED
BU -- --
BLUE
GN -- --
GREEN
T -- --
TAN
Y -- --
YELLOW
BN -- --
BROWN
OR -- --
ORANGE
VIO --
VIOLET
R/BK --
RED/BLACK
FUSIBLE LINK
PK -- --
PINK
W -- --
WHITE
SP -- --
SPLICE
Indication Current
Logic Direction
(Schematic from machine with Serial
Number 90101 to 230999999 shown)
Page 8 -- 7
Rev. E
GLOW RELAY
STARTER
FUSE BLOCK
P16
1
2
3
RED
4
5
6
7
P19
P20
P23
START
G
B+
8
BLUE
1
ORANGE
PINK
2
ALTERNATOR
3
P3
J7
R
L
B+
1
2
GLOW CONTROLLER
P1
J1
J2
P13
85 86
30
87
1
2
3
4
5
PINK
RED
J13
BLUE
VIOLET
TAN
P14
IGNITION
SWITCH
1
2
A
3
B
4
S
5
J18
VIOLET
SP1
BLUE
PINK
YELLOW
YELLOW
GLOW
2
ORANGE
GROUND
3
PINK
(+)
4
PINK
BATTERY
5
WHITE
OIL PRESS
6
GRAY
PINK
WHITE
ORANGE
1
2
3
4
TAN
1
2
85
3
87A
RED/BLACK
4
87
BLACK
5
86
TAN
P10
A
B
1
BLUE
GREEN
85
2
YELLOW
GREEN
87A
3
87
4
ORANGE
86
5
BLACK
P22
A
ORANGE
BLACK
BLACK
C
J20
A
P17
C
PINK
BLACK
BLACK
RED/BLACK
BLACK
GREEN
BLACK
YELLOW
PINK
RED/BLACK
SP2
NO
RED/BLACK
GREEN
BLACK
NEUTRAL
SWITCH
RED/BLACK
BLUE
A
GREEN
B
P21
J8
J9
BACKLAP
SWITCH
PARKING BRAKE
SWITCH #2
NO
YELLOW
ORANGE
VIOLET
RED/BLACK
P15
A
B
P18
A
B
P7
DECK UP
LIMIT SWITCH
J21 J12
CUTTING UNIT
SOLENOID
P2
RUN
SOLENOID
J6
FUEL PUMP
J4
B
TRANSPORT/MOW
SWITCH
A
WHITE
BLUE
GREEN
3
HIGH TEMP
SHUTDOWN
SWITCH
HIGH TEMP
SHUT DOWN
RELAY
2
HIGH TEMP
WARNING
SWITCH
P9
1
ENG OIL PRESS
5
86
4
87
3
GND
DIODE D2
85
J16 J17
2
87A
1
YELLOW
BROWN
HOLD
BROWN
VIOLET
GRAY
WHITE
PULL
ORANGE
BLACK
30
J3
DIODE D3
B
BLACK
ENGINE
GROUND
PARKING BRAKE
SWITCH #1
NC
SP3
B
(--)
CAPACITOR
J19
TAN
30
(+)
P6
SEAT
RELAY
ORANGE
BLACK
HOUR
METER
P8
J11
BLACK
ORANGE
30
J10
SP4
RELAY
SEAT
SWITCH
P5
GRAY
GRAY
ORANGE
BLACK
INTERLOCK
SEAT
SWITCH
6
YELLOW
I
P4
5
PINK
YELLOW
BLUE
1
CLUSTER
P11
YELLOW
GRAY
PINK
VIOLET
ORANGE
HIGH TEMP
GAUGE
ORANGE
PINK
2
GRAY
ORANGE
SP5
VIOLET
Y
1
RED
RED
BLUE
X
PINK
ORANGE
RED
(OPTIONAL LIGHT)
J5
2
1
BLACK
WHITE
ORANGE
6
GLOW PLUG
PINK
1
NO
2
3
4
6
5
NC
P12
7
RED/BLACK
8
J14 J15
DIODE D1
DECK ON/OFF
SWITCH
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Harness Diagram
(Serial Numbers 90101 to 230999999)
Page 8 -- 8
FUEL
PUMP
DECK
UP/DOWN
SWITCH
J12
P7
TRANSPORT/MOW
SWITCH
P18
SEAT
SWITCH
P4
J3
P2
J5
ALTERNATOR
P8
ENGINE
GROUND
J4
SEAT
SWITCH
START
SOLENOID
SEAT
RELAY
PARKING
BRAKE
J6
P23
P6
TEMP
SWITCH
G
P21
P9
INTERLOCK
RELAY
J8
CAPACITOR
J10
P10
P8
J11
BACKLAP
SWITCH
GLOW
CONTROLLER
P22
J9
P20
J1
OVERTEMP
RELAY
P5
P19
OIL
SWITCH
P12
GLOW
PLUG
START
SOLENOID
J7
DECK ON/OFF
SWITCH
FUEL
SOLENOID
P13
HOUR
METER
J18
J2
D2
P1
D3
D1
P14
J13
OPTIONAL
LIGHT
GLOW
RELAY
IGNITION
SWITCH
P15
P16
P17
CUTTING UNIT
SOLENOID
P11
GAUGE
CLUSTER
FUSE
BLOCK
NEUTRAL
SWITCH
Groundsmaster 3500--D
Harness Drawing
(Serial Numbers 90101 to 230999999)
Page 8 -- 9
ALTERNATOR
RUN SOLENOID
(HOLD)
B
R/BK
R
L
R
W
(PULL)
W
GY
105C OVER TEMP
WARNING
PK
GN
ENGINE OIL PRESSURE
110C OVER TEMP
SHUTDOWN
BU/W
GN
GY
W
VIO
START
1
4
LAMP
2
5
+ 12V
3
6
OR
PK
R
BN
(+)
TEMP
HR
GLOW
HOUR METER
(- )
GROUND
CLUSTER GAUGE
85
K4
GLOW PLUG
CONTROLLER
KUBOTA
86
30
GLOW RELAY
87
PK
OR
GLOW
PK
OR
OVER TEMP.
GLOW PLUGS (3)
ALTERNATOR
FUEL PUMP
LOW OIL PRESSURE
R/BK
FL
FL
PK
FL
B+ G
Start
FUSIBLE LINK
R/BK
SP
BK
BU
BU
BK
2F
R
BU/W
2A
W/BK
PK
ENGINE
BK
ENGINE GROUND
OR
PARKING BRAKE
GY
SEAT SWITCH
(- )
FRAME GROUND
GN
(+)
NEUTRAL SWITCH
VIO
BATTERY
1
2- A
START
1- A
+12 V
2- B
HIGH TEMP SW.
1- B
PTO COIL
2- C
IGN. SW. ”I”
1- C
RUN
2- D
PARKING BRAKE
1- D
PTO SW.
2- E
BACKLAP
1- E
NOT USED
2- F
SEAT SW.
1- F
GROUND
2- G
NEUTRAL SW.
2- H
IGN. SW. ”S”
3
PK
BN
R/BK
T
BK
STANDARD CONTROL MODULE
OPTIONAL
SEAT SWITCH
VIO
BK
STOP - - - - NONE
RUN - - - - B+I+A; X+Y
START - - - B+I+S
I
B
A
S
Y
X
IGNITION SWITCH
OFF
1F 1
15 A
OR
B
RUN
1
START
1F 3
I
10 A
2
BK
5
A
1F 2
10 A
BU
X
T
VIO
1F 4
Y
TRANSPORT/MOW
SWITCH
2
BU
REEL UP
LIMIT SWITCH
JUMPER
D1
Y
S
GN
REEL DRIVE
SOLENOID
PK
1
3
T
4
6
PTO SWITCH
10 A
W
BU
OPTIONAL LIGHT
SWITCH
OPTIONAL LIGHT
BK
(SERIAL NUMBER
ABOVE 314000001)
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Electrical Schematic
(Serial Numbers 240000001 and Up)
All relays and solenoids
are shown as de- energized.
Page 8 - 10
Rev. G
ORANGE
RED
RED
FUSIBLE LINK
BROWN
BLACK
PINK
RED
BLACK
BLACK
PINK
BLUE
PINK
GRAY
VIOLET
PINK
ORANGE
(SERIAL NUMBERS
FROM 240000001
TO 270999999)
GRAY
PINK
BLUE
PINK
WHITE
PINK
TAN
BROWN
RED/BLACK
TAN
YELLOW
WHITE
BLACK
BLACK
BLUE
PINK
GREEN
WHITE/BLACK
WHITE
PINK
GRAY
VIOLET
PINK
BLACK
RED/BLACK
BLACK
ORANGE
BLACK
BLACK
BLACK
BLUE/WHITE
GREEN
BLACK
BLACK
YELLOW
GREEN
BLACK
BLUE
BLACK
GREEN
RED/BLACK
PINK
ORANGE
(SERIAL NUMBERS
ABOVE 260000400)
YELLOW
BLACK
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Harness Diagram
(Serial Numbers 240000001 to 313999999)
Page 8 - 11
Rev. G
(SERIAL NUMBERS
ABOVE 280000000)
(SERIAL NUMBERS
FROM 240000001
TO 270999999)
(SERIAL NUMBERS
ABOVE 260000400)
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Harness Drawing
(Serial Numbers 240000001 to 313999999)
Page 8 - 12
Rev. G
RED
RED
FUSIBLE LINK
PINK
BLUE
ORANGE
BROWN
PINK
BLACK
RED
PINK
WHITE
BLACK
ORANGE
GRAY
PINK
BLUE
PINK
VIOLET
PINK
PINK
BROWN
TAN
RED/BLACK
TAN
YELLOW
WHITE
BLACK
PINK
BLACK
BLUE
GREEN
WHITE/BLACK
WHITE
PINK
GRAY
VIOLET
PINK
BLACK
RED/BLACK
BLACK
ORANGE
BLACK
BLACK
BLACK
GREEN
BLUE/WHITE
BLACK
BLACK
GREEN
YELLOW
TAN
BLACK
BLUE
BLACK
GREEN
RED/BLACK
PINK
ORANGE
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Harness Diagram
(Serial Numbers 314000001 and Up)
Page 8 - 13
Rev. G
Groundsmaster 3500- D
Harness Drawing
(Serial Numbers 314000001 and Up)
Page 8 - 14
Rev. G
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