15 Operator`s Manual.. - Marlow

15 Operator`s Manual.. - Marlow
V3.082512 • P/N 1035974
Hunter 15 • Operator's Manual
Thank You!
From the President
Dear Hunter Owner,
Congratulations and welcome to the Hunter family! As a Hunter owner, you will enjoy the quality and the
attention to detail for which Hunter Boats are renowned. Marlow-Hunter and your dealer are committed to
your service and total satisfaction.
This Operator’s Manual will acquaint you with the proper operation and maintenance of your new Hunter
boat, as well as boating safety, which is our primary concern, whether in ports or at sea.
The new boat warranty registration form you signed at the time of delivery will be sent to us by your dealer.
This registers the one year warranty and establishes your contact information in our system. It will also
activate Marlow-Hunter's Customer Satisfaction program (CSS), our effort to insure the highest level of
satisfaction and enjoyment with your new Hunter. Within a few weeks of delivery you will receive a letter
asking you to complete an online questionnaire primarily about your experience with the dealer. Several
months later you will receive a second letter asking you to evaluate the boat. We value your opinion and
hope that you will take the time to complete both surveys.
As you already know, we work with the highest quality equipment manufacturers to supply the components
for your boat. To receive full warranty coverage on all the individual components, such as engine, electronics and appliances, be sure to complete and return to the Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM)
warranty cards to activate the individual warranties for these important components. You will find them in
the owner's packet that also contains the OEM manuals for this equipment. Please remember all the information contained in the OEM manuals supersedes the information contained in this manual.
Finally, if you are new to boating, be certain to learn the proper rules of seamanship to ensure the safety of
your passengers. Refer to Chapman's Piloting, Seamanship, and Small Boat Handling Manual for important and useful information concerning this aspect of boating. Attend a safe boating course offered by the
United States Coast Guard Auxiliary, United States Power Squadron, or any enterprise experienced in
conducting safe boating courses.
Thank you for choosing Marlow-Hunter. I am confident your new boat will provide you and your family with
years of enjoyable boating.
Thanks from Marlow-Hunter President,
John T. Peterson
Hunter 15 • Operator's Manual
As the owner of a Hunter, you have chosen one of the finest boats money can buy.
Marlow-Hunter, LLC carries on from one of America’s oldest privately held boating companies. In August 2012, Hunter
became Marlow-Hunter and continues the great tradition started almost 40 years ago. We are dedicated to giving you
a quality boat that will bring you years of enjoyment whether you’re spending a day at the marina or cruising down a
waterway. Performance, dependability, safety, and comfort is more than just a catchy phrase at Marlow-Hunter. It is the
basis for every step of design and construction to assure you of many pleasure-filled years of boating.
A Proud Heritage
With every Hunter, decades of experience combine with modern engineering and production techniques provide you
one of the most affordable, full featured sailing boats in the industry today.
From the stem to the stern, every piece of equipment and its placement has been engineered to provide the most
seasoned sailer with the best advantage on the water. Marlow-Hunter has included everything to make ours the most
complete sailing vessel on the market today.
How to Use this Manual
Many people read their operator’s manual from beginning to end when they first receive their new boat. If you do this, it
will help you learn about the features and controls for your new boat. In this manual, you’ll find that pictures and words
work together to explain things quickly.
Table of Contents
A good place to look for what you need is in the Table of Contents in the beginning of this manual. It is a list of the
chapters and the page number where you’ll find them.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
In Boating Safety section you will find a number of cautions, warnings, and danger symbols to tell you about things
that could hurt you.
In this chapter we tell you where the hazards are. Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce them. Please
read this chapter carefully, to prevent yourself or someone else from possible injury.
Any questions regarding your Hunter ® or this manual contact Customer Service at:
Marlow-Hunter, LLC
Route 441, Post Office Box 1030
Alachua, FL. USA 32616
Phone: (386) 462-3077
Fax: (386) 462-4077
e-mail: customerservice@huntermarine.com
(8am to 5pm EST) 1-800-771-5556
Hunter 15 • Operator's Manual
Operator’s Manual at a Glance
1. Introduction
2. Documents and Forms
3. Warranty
4. Boating Safety
5. Sails and Rigging
6. Getting Underway
7. Maintenance
8. Glossary
Hunter 15 • Operator's Manual
Table of Contents
1. Introduction
1.1 The Manual Packet
1.2 Your Responsibilities
1.3 Dealers Responsibilities
1.4 Sources of Information
1.5 Equipment Manufacturer Manuals
1.6 Warranties
1.7 Hull Identification Number
1.8 Manufacturers Certifications
1.9 Service Parts and Repair
2. Documents and Forms
Documents and Forms overview
Out of Water Inspection
In Water Inspection
Pre-Departure Checklist
After Sailing Checklist
Pre-Delivery Service record
Float Plan
Maintenance Log
3. Limited Warranty
Intentional Blank
Warranty Information
Restrictions to Warranties
Owner Information Card
Warranty registration
Sample Form Letter
Graphic Explanation of Warranty
Coverage - Keel Boats
Graphic Explanation of Warranty
Coverage - Trailerable Boats
4. Boating Safety
4.1 Safety 4.2 Carbon Monoxide Hazard
4.3 Other Dangers
4.4 Fire
4.5 Distress Signals
Dimensions and Capacities
5. Sails and Rigging
5.1 Main Rig Components
5.2 The Mast
5.3 The Boom
5.4 The Sails
5.5 Reefing Instructions
5.6 Shaking Out a Reef
5.7 Protecting your Rigging
Sailplans & Sail Specification
Standing Rigging Detail
Standing Rigging Details (Furler)
Mainsheet/Boom Layout Mainsheet Purchase Layout
Standard Vang Details
Standard Running Rigging
Centerboard Assembly
Centerboard Detail
Rudder/Tiller Details
6. Getting Underway
6.1 Boarding your Boat
6.2 Launching
6.3 Getting Underway
6.4 Returning to Port
6.5 Emergency Operations
7. Maintenance
7.1 Maintenance Materials
7.2 Exterior
7.3 Mechanical Systems
7.4 Periodic Maintenance
7.5 Storage and Lifting
7.6 Fitting out after Storage
Routine Maintenance
8. Glossary
Operator's Manual
Chapter 1
V3.082512 • P/N 1035974
Hunter 15 • Introduction
Understand and follow the rules of the road;
1.1 The Manual Packet
• Learn how to navigate a boat in all sea, and weather
This operator’s manual, along with your owner's packet,
has been compiled to help you to operate your boat with
safety and pleasure. The Owner's / Operator's Manual:
• Register your boat, contact state boating authorities,
or the marine dealer for the registration requirements.
• Describes basic safety information;
Boating Safety courses provide owners and operators
with the opportunity to gain knowledge and experience
in a variety of skills:
• Describes some of the features of your boat;
• Describes the equipment on your boat;
• Navigation
• Seamanship and boat handling
• Rules of the Road
• Knowledge of federal, state, and local regulations
• Weather prediction
• Safety at sea
• Survival in bad weather
• Respect for others on the water
• First aid
• Radio communication
• Distress signals
• Rendering assistance to others
• Use of lifesaving equipment
• Pollution control
• Knowledge of the boat and its systems
• Seaworthiness
• Leaving or approaching a dock mooring
• Anchoring and weighing anchor
• Beaching the boat and shallow water operations
• Towing and being towed
• Handling mooring lines and tying up
• Procedures for emergencies including fire, flooding,
collision, and medical emergencies, etc.
• Contains fundamentals of the use of that equipment;
• Contains fundamentals of the use of your boat.
However, please note that the information in this
manual only summarizes more detailed information in the equipment manuals. The summaries are
intended to be a convenient reference for daily use.
OEM manuals take precedence over the information
This information does not give you a course in boating
safety, or how to navigate, anchor, or dock your boat.
Operating a boat, sail or power, requires more skills,
knowledge and awareness than is necessary to operate
a car or truck.
1.2 Your Responsibilities
Please keep this manual in a dry and secure but
readily accessible place and leave it on the boat
at all times! Make sure to hand over this manual
to the new owner if you decide to sell the boat.
Even when your boat is categorized for them, the sea
and wind conditions corresponding to the design categories A, B, or C (see the design category example at
the end of this section.) can range from strong gale to
severe conditions where only a competent, fit and trained
crew handling a well maintained boat can safely operate.
If this is your first boat of this type or you are changing to a new boat you are not familiar with, please
insure that you obtain handling and operating experience before assuming command. For your safety, and the safety of your passengers you must:
We would like to hear your comments or suggestions
concerning our manuals. Did you find the information
helpful? Was the information delivered in a clear precise
manner? Was the information thorough enough to help
you with your new boat? Please call us at (904) 8272055 to speak to our Manual Department, if you have
questions, or comments, concerning the manual. Please
note, this department does not have design or warranty
information you will need to contact those departments
for such information.
• Take a course in Boating Safety;
• Get instruction, or aid in the safe and proper handling
of your boat;
• Familiarize yourself and your passengers of the locations, and use of all safety, and essential operating
An orientation in the general operation and mechanical
systems of your boat;
Fig. 1.1 Design Categories
Sea and wind conditions for which a boat is
assessed by the International Standard to be
suitable, provided the craft is correctly handled
in the sense of good seamanship and operated
at a speed appropriate to the prevailing sea
An explanation of the Marlow-Hunter CSI Program and
Hot Alert process for same.
Design Category A (“ocean”)
A review of all warranty information and how to obtain
warranty service;
A copy of the Product Delivery Service Record form”
completed by you and the dealer during your inspection
of the boat;
Category of boats considered suitable to operate
in seas with significant wave heights above 4 m
and wind speeds in excess of Beaufort Force 8,
but excluding abnormal conditions, e.g. hurricanes.
The complete Owner’s Packet.
If you do not receive these materials, forms, or information, or you have any questions contact your dealer, or
call 1-800-771-5556
Design Category B (“coastal”)
Category of boats considered suitable to operate
in seas with significant wave heights up to 4 m
and winds of Beaufort Force 8 or less
1.4 Sources of Information
In North America, contact one of the following for
Boating courses:
Design Category C (“inshore”)
• U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary
Category of boats considered suitable to operate
in seas with significant wave heights up to 2 m
and a typical steady wind force of Beaufort Force
6 or less.
• U.S. Power Squadron
• Canadian Power and Sail Squadrons
Design Category D (“sheltered waters”)
• Red Cross
Category of boats considered suitable to operate
in waters with significant wave heights up to and
including 0,30 m with occasional waves of 0,5 m
height, for example from passing vessels, and a
typical steady wind force of Beaufort 4 or less.
• State Boating Offices
• Yacht Clubs
Contact your dealer or the Boat/U.S. Foundation at 1800-336-2628
REF: EN ISO 12217
Outside of North America, contact your boat dealer,
or your government boating agency for assistance.
Marlow-Hunter recommends that you purchase and read
the following:
1.3 Dealer's Responsibilities
In addition to a pre-delivery check and service of your
boat, your dealer should give to you:
Piloting, Seamanship and Small Yacht Handling
Motor Yacht and Sailing
P.O. Box 2319, FDR Station
New York , NY 10002
A description and demonstration of the safety systems,
features, instruments, and controls of your boat;
Hunter 15 • Introduction
Yachtsman Handbook
by Tom Bottomly
Motor Yacht and Sailing
P.O. Box 2319, FDR Station
New York, NY 10002
1.7 Hull Identification Number (HIN)
The "Hull Identification Number" located on the starboard
aft side, is the most important identifying factor, and must
be included in all correspondence and orders. Failure
to include it creates delays. Also of vital importance are
the engine serial numbers and part numbers when writing about or ordering parts for your engine. Refer to the
engine manufacturers manuals for locations of engine
serial numbers, and record them for future reference.
The Complete Book of Maintenance and Repair
by Dave Kendall
Doubleday and Co.
Garden City, NY 11530
Pleasure Yachting and Seamanship
U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary
306 Wilson Road Oaklands
Newark, DE 19711
Hull Number format:
“US” - country origin, “HUN” - Manufacturer, “C” - length
code, “XXX” - hull number, “D” - month code, “X” - year
code, “XX” - model year
1.5 Equipment Manufacturer Manuals
Marlow-Hunter purchased various equipment and components from other manufacturers and installed them on
your boat while it was being built. Examples include the
engines, pumps, and the generator. Most OEMs (Original
Equipment Manufacturers) have provided operation and
maintenance manuals for your boat’s equipment. Keep
OEM manuals with your Hunter Operator's Manual in a
safe and accessible place. Be sure to pass them along
to the new owner if you sell your boat.
1.8 Manufacturers Certifications
As a boat manufacturer, Marlow-Hunter builds their
products to guidelines established under the Federal
Boat Safety Act of 1971. The act is promulgated by
the U.S. Coast Guard who has authority to enforce
these laws on boat manufacturers that sell products in the United States. Marlow-Hunter ensures
that all of it's products comply with these laws.
NOTE: The OEM manuals take precedence over the
Hunter Operator's Manual. If information in the Hunter
Operator's Manual differs from that in the OEM manuals,
follow the information in the OEM manuals.
The NMMA, National Marine Manufacturers Association,
provides Marlow-Hunter with a third party certification.
The NMMA is an organization that represents the marine
industry and assists manufacturers, boat dealers, marinas,
repair yards and component suppliers in areas of legislation, environmental concerns, marine business growth,
and state and federal government agency interaction.
The third party certification that Marlow-Hunter participates in, uses well known Standards and Recommended
Practices of the ABYC, American Boat and Safety Council.
1.6 Warranties
Nearly all OEM equipment has its own limited warranties. Warranty registration cards are in your Operator’s
We at Marlow-Hunter participate extensively in the
ABYC, which is all non-profit, and develops and publishes voluntary standards and recommended practices for boat and equipment design, construction, service and repair. We utilize all applicable
ABYC standards in the construction of Hunter boats.
Locate and read the individual warranties; put them
together for easy, future reference.
For international owner's; your warranty can be found in
your CE compliant Owner's Manual.
For U.S. and non-EU compliant countries, your warranty
info can be found in the Warranty section, chapter 3 of
the Operator's Manual.
Finally Marlow-Hunter sells their products worldwide, and
as such must conform to the various rules and regulations required by other countries. Most notably are the
ISO standards in Europe which require the application
the CE (Common European) mark. This mark, much like
the NMMA certification here in the U.S., gives you the
boat owner specific information concerning your boat.
1.9 Service, Parts, and Repair for your Boat
When your boat needs serviced, parts, or
repair, take it to an authorized Hunter dealer. To find a dealer in your area call 800-771-5556,
or internationally you can call 01-305-824600
To find repair and parts facilities for the equipment installed
on your boat, refer to the manual for that component.
If a problem is not handled to your satisfaction:
Discuss any warranty related problems directly
with the service manager of the dealership or your
sales person. Give the dealer an opportunity to help
the service department resolve the matter for you.
If a problem arises that has not been resolved to your
satisfaction by your dealer, contact Marlow-Hunter at
800-771-5556, and the appropriate customer service
department information will be provided to you.
Hunter 15 • Introduction
Chapter 2
V3.082512 • P/N 1035974
Documents and Forms
Your Hunter
dealer completes the
Inspection Report (Fig. 2.1) before you take delivery
of your boat. It is the dealer’s responsibility to both you
and to Hunter to give your boat a final inspection. The
purpose of this inspection is to assure proper adjustment
and operation of the entire vessel. Your dealer should
provide you with the Pre-Delivery Inspection Report at
the time of delivery.
You can get more copies of the report by calling the U.S.
Coast Guard Boating Safety Hotline at 1-800-368-5674.
You must file this report with the U.S. Coast Guard within
48 hours after an accident resulting in one of the
A person disappears from a vessel under circumstances
that indicate death or injury
Hunter will not pay warranty costs for items that should
have been covered in the pre-delivery service inspection
and recorded on the Pre-Delivery Inspection Report.
Personal injury requiring medical treatment beyond first
Owners must coordinate with the dealer to insure
Hunter warranty registration is completed and returned
to Hunter.
Inserted at the end of this section are several records
you will find helpful.
Damage to the vessel or property damage
Complete loss of the vessel
State statutes determine whether you must file an
accident report in this case. An accident report must be
filed if the damage exceeds a threshold dollar value as
established by the states, the threshold is $100-$200.
Call the Boating Safety Hotline (800-368-5647) to verify
the threshold for a particular state.
Use the BOAT RECORD (Fig. 2.2) to record all important information about your boat and its equipment. After
your dealer has recorded all the information, remove the
record from your Owner’s Manual and store in a safe
place. Do not keep this form aboard your boat.
Note: State and local agencies may also have accident
reporting requirements. Check with local enforcement
agencies or with your local Hunter dealer regarding local
The FLOAT PLAN (Fig 2.4) provides a record of your
destination, departure and return times, boat description, passenger list, and other information about the trip
you have planned. At the bottom of the form is space for
listing emergency phone numbers in case your return
is delayed past the expected time. It also has space for
indicating information about the person filing the report.
Leave the completed form ashore with a responsible
person. We recommend you make several copies of this
form each boating season to make sure you have a good
All Hunter boats are built in compliance with applicable
United States Coast Guard regulations and recommendations at the time of construction.
Hunter boats comply with the standards developed by
the National Marine Manufactures Association (NMMA)
for its Boat Certification Program.
The MAINTENANCE LOG (Fig 2.5) helps to keep maintenance records in one place. Using this log will allow
you to track maintenance work that has been completed
and to determine when maintenance is required. Your
dealer will also find this information helpful. If you decide
to sell your boat, the maintenance record will make your
boat seeable because it tells prospective buyers that you
have taken good care of your boat.
The locator drawings will help you find the location of
devices and equipment.
The Accident Report, No one likes to think about
having a boating accident, but boating accidents do
happen. You must file an accident report after a boating
accident just as you must file an accident report after an
automobile accident. A copy of the U.S. Coast Guard
Accident Report is included at the end of this section.
On the next few pages you will find sample forms
for some of the issues dealing with your new boat.
Familiarize yourself with these forms, use them, they can
be very handy.
NOTE: Efforts have been made to make the drawings in
this manual consistent with production. However, in the
effort to improve this vessel, modifications have been
made in the design that may date some of the drawings
in this manual.
Documents and Forms
Dear Hunter Owner,
Attached you will find a list of items and recommendations that we believe should be incorporated into your own
ongoing list of preventative maintenance items and safety check points. This list should not be considered a complete service manual or the only items on your boat in need of routine maintenance, inspection or attention.
You will find that we address commonly found optional equipment items installed on Hunter boats, as well as most
standard equipment from Hunter Marine. Owner’s need to familiarize themselves with individual equipment manuals
on all such items, especially aftermarket purchases or optional equipment installed by your dealer or Hunter Marine.
This should insure that you are following the manufacturer’s recommendations for proper maintenance and up-keep.
We strongly recommend that all owners complete a Power Squadron course followed with a complementary boat
inspection before leaving the dock. To locate a Power Squadron in your area please visit < www.usps.org >.
Reviewing and familiarizing yourself with the Chapman’s Piloting Manual is also highly recommended
for every boat owner. This manual contains demonstrations for safety drills which should be practiced
routinely, dealing with adverse conditions, general boat handling and recommended safety equipment.
Our opinion is that no boat owner should operate a boat without first reviewing this manual and without having ready access to it while sailing.
We hope that this list will be beneficial to you in your ongoing maintenance and upkeep. Safe boating!
Thank You
Hunter Marine
Documents and Forms
Preliminary care and maintenance checklist
A qualified Technician should be used if you are not completely confident in your ability to
make repairs or inspections.
Out of Water Inspection
Pre-launch inspection
____ Drain plug installed
____ Rudder swings easily
____ Rudder inspected for cracks and/or concealed damage (may require removing rudder)
____ Tiller handle properly aligned, fits securely and operational
____ Hull freshly cleaned and waxed (free of gelcoat damage)
____ Mooring, safety lines and fenders onboard and in good condition
____ Boat is free of internal and external water leaks above water line
(Failure to stop water intrusion could result in permanent damage or deterioration of structural coring materials, internal wiring and cause mildew and molding)
Mast Assembly
____ Review manufacturers manual for maintenance and up-keep
____ Spreaders securely fastened
____ Mast and spreaders free of corrosion and stress cracks
____ Standing rigging and pins inspected for wear, tear, corrosion and cracking
____ Headsail furling system installed inspected per manufacturers recommendation
____ Running rigging inspected for wear and tear
____ Mast step stand-up blocks secured and operational
____ Main Sail, jib sail inspected for wear and tear.
____ Specified pre-bend and diagonal tensions attained in mast. See mast owners manual.
Topside Inspection
____ Canvas properly cleaned and installed
____ Rubrail sealed secured to hull
____ Load bearing hardware securely fastened. This includes but is not limited to chainplates, winches and handrails
____ Topside surface clean and free of gelcoat damage
____ Safety gear onboard readily available and up to date.
See Chapman’s Manual and US Coast Guard website at < www.uscg.mil >for details.
____ Boat owner’s manual onboard
____ Lower unit oil at full mark (per engine manual)
In Water Inspection
Dockside inspection of Engine, Pre-start sequence and operating system
____ Review engine manual for maintenance requirements and proper starting procedure
____ Air bled from fuel lines and system
____ No fuel leaks at any fittings
____ Throttle linkages smooth and operational
____ Shutdown system operational
____ Correct Idle rpm (per engine manual)
Documents and Forms
____ Fuel level indicators operational
____ Throttle cable tension set properly
____ Shifter operation correct
____ No fuel / oil / water leaks on engine
Pre-departure Checklist
____ Check weather conditions and tides
____ Check food Supply
____ Foul weather gear
____ Fuel
____ Water
____ Sunscreen and sunglasses
____ Tools
____ Docking gear
____ Float plan to a friend or Coast Guard
____ Check mast for rigging irregularities and tightness
____ Halyards and sheets are ready to run
____ no lines or obstructions near propeller or bow
____ Stow all loose gear
After Sailing Checklist
When leaving your Hunter at the dock for more than a short time, it is a good idea to review the following checklist to make
sure everything is in order. This will help protect the various parts of your boat and add considerably to their attractiveness
and usable life.
____ Flake or furl mainsail and cover, or remove and bag.
____ Remove and stow all portable deck hardware such as snatch blocks, etc.
____ Secure the boom to the topping lifts and set it firmly amidships with the main sheet purchase or remove rig comletely.
(It is also a good idea to rig a line from the tiller to a convenience cleat to keep the rudder from swinging back and
forth with the motion of the water.)
____ Attach the shackle ends of all halyards to convenient fittings and take up slack.
____ Coil and stow all lines.
Documents and Forms
Hull side clean and gelcoat
Bright work clean and finish
Decks cleaned and gelcoat
Interior finish
Bottom clean and paint
All hull fittings sealed
All drain plugs tight
8. Hose test for leaks
9. Boat performance
10. All accessory equipment operating
11. All loose equipment on boat ready for new owner
Documents and Forms
Name of Operator
Boat Make
Hull Color
Registration No.
Deck Color
Home Port
Radio Frequencies
Equipment on Board, PFDs, Flares, Anchor
Distinguishing Features
Departed From
Estimated Time of Arrival – Date
Name, Age, Address and Phone Number of Other Persons on Board:
Documents and Forms
Maintenance Log
Maintenance Performed
Documents and Forms
Maintenance Log
Maintenance Performed
Documents and Forms
(Several copies may be required to complete each of the following categories)
Chapman’s Piloting recommended operating techniques, maintenance inspections
and safety points for my particular boat length and type of sailing
Chapter 3
V3 082512 • P/N 1031358
Limited Warranty
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
Limited Warranty
Your Marlow-Hunter Limited Warranty
Marlow-Hunter, LLC ("Hunter") offers a limited warranty on every Hunter boat sold through
an authorized Hunter dealer. A copy of this warranty is included here, and in your Operator's
Manual. If for some reason you are not able to understand, read, or view this manual, please
contact your local dealer for a replacement copy.
We stand behind the quality of your boat with our limited warranty, which you should review.
To insure the operation and validity of your limited warranty, please complete the attached card
and send it to us within ten (10) days of the purchase date. Section 15 of the U.S. Federal
Boat Safety Act requires registration of a boat’s first owner. The warranty data should also be
re-corded in the space below for your own reference.
The following warranties apply to all 2013 Model Year boats produced by
Hunter warrants to the first-use purchaser and any subsequent owner during the limited warranty
period that any part manufactured by Hunter will be free of defects caused by faulty workmanship
or materials for a period of twelve (12) months from the date of delivery to the first-use purchaser
under normal use and service. During this period, as the sole and exclusive remedy, Hunter’s
obligation under the warranty is limited to the repair or replacement of any such defective part.
Hunter warrants to the first-use purchaser and any subsequent owner during the limited warranty
period that the hull of each boat will be free from structural defects in materials and workmanship
for a period of five (5) years from the date of delivery to the first-use purchaser under normal use
and service.
This limited warranty applies only to the structural integrity of the hull and the supporting pan/grid
or stringer system. Hulls, pan/grid or stringers modified in any way or powered with engines other
than the type and size installed or specified by Hunter are not covered by this limited warranty.
As the sole and exclusive remedy, Hunter’s obligation under the warranty is limited to repair or
replacement of any such defective part.
Limited Warranty
Hunter also warrants to the first-use purchaser and any subsequent owner during the warranty
period that the boat will be free from gelcoat blistering on underwater surfaces of the hull, excluding the keel and rudder, for a period of five (5) years from the date of delivery to the first-use
purchaser under normal use and service. During this period, Hunter will supply or reimburse an
authorized Hunter dealer for all of the parts and labor required to repair a blistered underwater
surface of the hull. The labor cost reimbursement will be based on the Labor Allowance Schedule
established by Hunter from time to time, however if the repair is performed by a non-Hunter
dealer, the repair cost must be authorized by Hunter in advance and be based on a reasonable
number of hours as determined by Hunter. Hunter will not pay transportation, hauling, launching,
bottom paint, storage, dockage, cradling rental, rigging and derigging, or other similar costs. It is
recommended that the repair be done during a seasonal haul out for service or storage.
You should also complete the warranty cards for your engine, stove, head, electric water pump
and other accessories. These are enclosed in the manufacturers’ manuals that are packaged
with your owner’s manual.
Hunter expressly disclaims the implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness. Neither Hunter or the selling dealer shall
have any responsibility for loss of use of a boat, loss of time,
inconvenience, commercial loss, or consequential damages.
Limited Warranty
The following circumstances will void the bottom blister limited warranty:
(1) If the gel-coat has been sanded, sandblasted, or subjected to abrasion or impact.
(2) If the instructions provided in the Hunter Owner’s Manual are not followed according to
Hunter’s required bottom preparation procedures.
These limited warranties do not cover:
(1.) Paint, sealants, adhesives, window glass, Gelcoat, upholstery damage, plastic finishes,
engines, engine parts, bilge pumps, stoves, blowers, pressure water pumps, propellers, shafts,
rudders, controls, instruments, keels and equipment not manufactured by HUNTER. Any warranty made and issued by the manufacturer of such items will be, if and where available, provided to the first use purchaser.
(2.) Problems caused by improper maintenance, storage, cradling, blocking, normal wear and
tear, misuse, neglect, accident, corrosion, electrolysis or improper operation.
(3) Boats used for commercial activities including charter.
Limited Warranty
Limited Warranty
These limited warranties shall not be effective unless the HUNTER Warranty Registration Form
and Pre-Delivery Service Record, which are furnished with each new boat, are filled out completely and re-turned to HUNTER within ten (10) days of delivery.
Return of the Warranty Registration Form to HUNTER, signed by both Dealer and Owner, is critical. Warranty coverage cannot be initiated until the completed form is received at HUNTER.
All repairs and/or replacements will be made by an authorized Hunter dealer, or at the option of
Hunter, at the Hunter plant. If the repairs are of such a nature that the warranty work must be
performed at the HUNTER plant, transportation costs to and from the HUNTER plant shall be
paid by the owner. The labor cost reimbursement will be based on a Labor Allowance Schedule
established by HUNTER and where not applicable, on a reasonable number of hours as determined by HUNTER. Any repairs and replacements must be approved in advance by an authorized HUNTER service representative.
For 1995 and later hull numbers, the limited warranties will be transferred to a subsequent purchaser of the boat if:
(1) A notice of the transfer of ownership of the boat is given by the subsequent purchaser in
writing to Hunter within thirty (30) days of the transfer.
(2) The notice shall include the name, address and telephone number of the subsequent purchaser, the date of purchase, the hull number and the name of the seller of the boat.
Hunter will mail to the subsequent purchaser notice of the expiration dates of the limited warranties (see form letter, attached). The transfer of the ownership of the boat will not extend the
expiration dates of the limited warranties.
Limited Warranty
March 12, 1997
Mr. John Smith
1456 Joy Street
Sarasota, FL 34266
Dear Mr. Smith,
Thank you for providing written notice of transfer of ownership. We are pleased you have
selected a Hunter sailboat and we will make every effort to assure Hunter ownership will be a
satisfying experience for you.
Based on the information you have provided, we are pleased to notify you of the expiration dates
of the limited warranties.
• The limited one-year New Boat warranty expires (d)_____________________.
• The limited five-year Hull Structure and Bottom Blister warranty expires (d)__________.
Should you require assistance at any time during ownership, we encourage you to contact your
Hunter dealer or to call us directly at 386-462-3077.
Please confirm the information at the bottom of the page and advise us if any corrections
are required.
Customer Service Manager
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Hull No: HUN__________________________Model:__________________________________
Telephone: (H)________________________(B)______________________________________
Date of Purchase:______________________________________________________________
Purchased From: Name:_______________________________________________________
( ) Private Owner
( ) Dealer
Limited Warranty
Internal fiberglass pan
and fiberglass grid
system are covered by
the five-year limited
All fiberglass tabbing, overlays ,
adhesives, epoxy and secondary
bonding are covered only by the
one-year limited warranty. They
are not covered by the five-year
limited warranty.
Footnote 1. All wooden bulkheads, modular components, floors, floor
supports , paneling, trim, coring materials, faceplates, countertops,
fiberglass tabbing, overlays, secondary bonding , sealants , adhesives,
gaskets and epoxies are covered only by the one-year limited warranty.
They are not covered by the five-year limited warranty.
Footnote 2. Voids located within the deck or hulls gelcoat
surface or build laminate are covered only by the one-year
limited warranty. They are not covered by the five-year limited
Footnote 3. Keel and rudder are not covered under
the blister warranty. They are not covered under
the one-year or five-year limited warranty’s.
Deck and deck floor-pans are covered
only by the one-year limited warranty.
Floor-pan sizes will vary by boat type and
size. They are not covered by the fiveyear limited warranty
Hull to deck joint adhesives,
epoxies and sealants are
covered only by the one-year
limited warranty. They are
not covered by the five-year
limited warranty.
Internal fiberglass pan
and fiberglass grid
system are covered by
the five-year limited
The fiberglass hull component
is covered by the five-year
limited warranty. Installed
items such as (but not limited
to) ports, shafting, thru-hulls,
vents and struts are not covered by the five-year limited
warranty. The rudder and
keel are excluded from all
Rudder and keel are
excluded from all
warranties. Keel leaks
at the attachment point
are excluded from all
Limited Warranty
All wooden bulkheads, modular
components, floors, floor supports , paneling, trim, coring
materials, faceplates, countertops are covered only by the
one-year limited warranty. They
are not covered by the five-year
limited warranty.
Internal fiberglass pan
and fiberglass grid
system are covered by
the five-year limited
All fiberglass tabbing, overlays, secondary bonding,
sealants, adhesives, gaskets
and epoxies are covered only
by the one-year limited
warranty. They are not
covered by the five-year
limited warranty.
Limited Warranty
All fiberglass tabbing, overlays,
adhesives, epoxy and secondary
bonding are covered only by the
one-year limited warranty. They
are not covered by the five-year
limited warranty.
Footnote 1. All wooden bulkheads, modular components, paneling, trim, coring materials, faceplates, fiberglass tabbing, overlays,
secondary bonding, sealants, adhesives, gaskets and epoxies are
covered only by the one-year limited warranty. They are not
covered by the five-year limited warranty.
Footnote 2. Voids located within the deck or hulls gelcoat
surface or build laminate are covered only by the one-year
limited warranty. They are not covered by the five-year
limited warranty.
Footnote 3. Centerboard and rudder are not covered under the blister warranty. They are not
covered under the one-year or five-year limited
Decks are covered
only by the one-year
limited warranty.
They are not covered
by the five-year limited warranty
Hull to deck joint adhesives,
epoxies and sealants are
covered only by the one-year
limited warranty. They are not
covered by the five-year
limited warranty.
The fiberglass hull component
is covered by the five-year
limited warranty. Installed
items such as (but not limited
to) ports, thru-hulls, and vents
are not covered by the fiveyear limited warranty. The
rudder and centerboard are
excluded from all warranties.
Rudders and centerboards are excluded
from all warranties.
Centerboard leaks at
the attachment point
are excluded from all
Limited Warranty
All wooden bulkheads, modular components,
supports, paneling, trim, coring materials and
faceplates are covered only by the one-year
limited warranty. They are not covered by the
five-year limited warranty.
All fiberglass tabbing, overlays,
secondary bonding, sealants, adhesives, gaskets and epoxies are covered only by the one-year limited
warranty. They are not covered by
the five-year limited warranty.
Chapter 4
V3.082512 • 1035974
Boating Safety
As you read your owner’s manual, please note hazard
warnings which alert you to safety and precautions and
unsafe conditions or operating procedures. We have
included these warnings because we are concerned
about your safety and the safety of your passengers.
Hazard statements generally have five parts:
4.1 Safety
Boating safety and the safety of your passengers are
your responsibility. You should fully understand and
become familiar with the operating and safety procedures
and precautions in this manual and the other manuals in
the owner’s packet before you launch your new boat.
1. The hazard symbol.
4.1.1 Safe Operation
2. A signal word which indicates the severity of the hazard.
Following is general information about safe operation.
3. A concise description of the hazard.
Keep your boat and equipment in safe operating condition. Inspect the hull, engines, safety equipment, and all
boating gear regularly.
4. The results of ignoring the hazard.
5. Steps for avoiding the hazard:
Important: Federal law requires you, the owner, or operator
to provide and maintain safety equipment on your new boat.
Consult your Coast Guard, state, and local regulations to
ensure your boat has all required safety equipment on board.
Additional equipment may be recommended for your safety and
that of your passengers. Make yourself aware of its availability
and use.
The three signal words which indicate the severity of a
hazard are danger, warning, and caution. The meanings
they convey are as follows:
! DA N G E R !
BE VERY CAREFUL when fueling your boat. Be sure you
know the capacity of your boat’s fuel tank and the amount
of fuel you use when operating at frequently used engine
speeds (RPMs).
Calls attention to immediate hazards that will result in
severe injury or death.
Always know all the area's on the boat, know the nautical
terms for the different areas of your boat. On the following
page, at the end of this chapter we show you a general
layout of these terms and illustrate the areas that may be
of importance to you.
Identifies hazards or unsafe practices that could result in personal injury or death.
! C AU T I O N
Indicates hazards or unsafe practices that could result in minor personal injuries, property damage, or
component damage.
Make sure you have enough fuel on board for anticipated
cruising requirements. In general, use 1/3 of your supply
to reach your destination and 1/3 to return. Keep 1/3 in
reserve for changes in your plans due to weather or other
Also included in this manual are owner advisory statements identified as "Important" or "Note". Unlike the
hazard communication statements, they alert you to conditions affecting equipment operation, maintenance, and
servicing practices.
Be sure lifesaving and fire extinguishing equipment is
on board. This equipment must meet regulatory agency
standards, and it should be noticeable, accessible, and
in a safe operating condition. Your passengers should
know where this equipment is and how to use it.
• Keep an eye on the weather. Be aware of possible
changing conditions by checking a local weather report
before your departure. Monitor strong winds and electrical storms closely.
Important: This is a general advisory statement or procedure
intended to prevent damage to the equipment or associated
Note: This is a general advisory statement relating to equipment operating and maintenance procedures. Its intent is to call
attention to information more important than normal text.
Boating Safety
• Always keep accurate, updated charts of the area on
board your boat.
Navigating a boat is much the same as driving an automobile. Operating either one responsibly means complying
with a set of rules intended to prevent accidents. Just as
you assume other car drivers know what they are doing,
other boaters assume you know what you are doing.
• Before you leave the port or harbor, file a float plan
with a family member, relative, friend, or other responsible person ashore.
• Always operate your boat with care, courtesy, and
common sense.
As a responsible yachtsman, you will comply with the
“Rules of the Road”, the marine traffic laws enforced
by the U.S. Coast Guard. There are two sets of rules:
The United States Inland Navigational Rules and the
International Rules. The United States Inland Rules
apply to all vessels inside the demarcation line separating inland and international waters. The Coast Guard
publishes the “Rules of the Road” in its publication
“Navigational Rules, International-Inland.” You can get
a copy from your local U.S. Coasty Guard Unit or the
United States Coast Guard Headquarters, 1300 E Street
NW, Washington, D.C. 20226.
• Instruct at least one other passenger aboard in the
operating procedures in handling your boat. This person can take over if you unexpectedly become unable
to do so.
• Do not allow passengers to ride on parts of your boat
other than designated seating areas.
• Ask all passengers to remain seated while the boat is
in motion.
4.1.5 Safety Equipment
• Do not use the swim platform or boarding ladder while
engines are running.
Important: Federal law requires you, the owner, to provide and
maintain safety equipment on your boat. Consult your Coast
Guard, state, and local regulations, to ensure your boat has all
required safety equipment on board. Additional equipment may
be recommended for your safety and that of your passengers.
Make yourself aware of its availability and use.
• Understand and obey the “Rules of the Road.”
Always maintain complete control of your boat.
• Do not overload or improperly load your boat.
4.1.6. Additional Equipment
4.1.2 Safe Boating Courses
You should consider having additional equipment on
board to help make your boating experience safer and
more enjoyable. Some examples include the following:
Your local U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary and the U.S. Power
Squadrons offer comprehensive safe boating classes
several times a year. You may contact the Boat/U.S.
Foundation at 1-800-335-BOAT (2628), or in Virginia 1800-245-BOAT (2628). For a course schedule in your
area, you may also contact your local U.S. Coast Guard
Auxiliary or Power Squadron Flotilla for the time and
place of their next scheduled classes.
4.1.3 Voluntary Inspections
State boating officials in many states or the U.S. Coast
Guard Auxiliary offer courtesy inspections to check out
your craft. They check your boat for compliance with
safety standards and required safety equipment. You
may voluntarily consent to one of these inspections and
are allowed time to make correction without prosecution.
Check with the appropriate state agency or the Coast
Guard Auxiliary for details.
Anchor and line *
Boat hook
Bucket & Sponge
Commonly used spare parts
Distress signal kit*
Docking lines
Engine and accessory manuals*
First aid kit
Flashlight & extra batteries
Navigational charts
Owner’s Manual
VHF radio
Tool kit
4.1.7 Personal Flotation Devices (PFDs)
4.1.4 Rules of the Road
Boating Safety
There must be one United States Coast Guard approved
wearable personal flotation device of Type I, II, or III for
each person on board your boat. The PFDs must be in
serviceable condition and readily accessible. A minimum
of three PFDs (two wearable and one throwable) is
required regardless of the number of persons on board.
As all responsible yachtsmen know, there are unseen
dangers when boating. One danger is serious enough
that we feel the need to specifically bring it to your
attention. It is odorless, colorless, and tasteless, but
can be harmful or fatal if inhaled. Its name is CARBON
(A) PFD Type I, Wearable:
4.2.1 Carbon Monoxide Safety
This offshore life jacket has the greatest buoyancy. It is
effective for all waters where rescue may be delayed. Its
design allows for turning most unconscious persons in
the water from face down position to a vertical or face-up
This section is intended to provide educational information about carbon monoxide relative to boats and boating. Carbon Monoxide accumulation is affected by boat
geometry, ventilation openings, proximity to other structures and boats, wind direction, boat speed, boat maintenance, and a multitude of other variables. This section
discusses many of these and enables the boat owner to
better understand all conceivable variables. Therefore,
the boat owner is cautioned not to exclusively rely on it to
prevent the accumulation of Carbon Monoxide.
(B) PFD Type II, Wearable:
This near-shore buoyant vest provides less buoyancy
than a Type I PFD. It is intended for calm inland waters
or waters where there is a chance of quick rescue. It turns
its wearer to a face-up position as does the Type I PFD,
but the turning action is not as pronounced as the Type
I, and it will not turn as many persons under the same
conditions as a Type I.
4.2.2 What is Carbon Monoxide?
Carbon Monoxide is a highly poisonous gas formed by the
combination of carbon and oxygen. Commonly referred
to as CO, its chemical formula is C for carbon and O for
oxygen. CO is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas
that, by itself, cannot be detected by human senses. CO
diffuses in the air much more rapidly than other gasses
that are detectable by the human senses. The weight of
CO is about the same as air so it does not rise or fall like
other gasses but will distribute itself throughout the boat.
CO is produced any time a material containing carbon is
burned. In boating, these materials include, but are not
limited to, gasoline, diesel fuel, or propane. All carbon
based fuels produce varying amounts of CO, depending on their carbon content. Gasoline is high in carbon
and, therefore, produces lower levels of CO. However,
the exhaust of all engines and generators as well as any
open flame device, produce CO and the same precautions should be taken regardless of the type of fuel.
(C) PFD Type III, Wearable:
Classified as a flotation aid, this PFD allows wearers
to place themselves in a vertical or face-up position in
the water. Type III PFD has the same minimum buoyancy as a Type II PFD. It has little or no turning ability.
People participating in water sports often prefer this PFD
because it is intended for use in waters where quick rescue is possible and it is generally the most comfortable
for continuous wear.
(D) PFD Type IV, Throwable:
You must also have aboard at least one throwable PFD
Type IV device. The Type IV device can be thrown to a
person in the water and held by the user until rescued.
The design does not allow it to be worn. The most common Type IV PFD are buoyant cushions or ring buoys.
This PFD must be immediately available for use and in
serviceable condition.
4.2.3 How Carbon Monoxide Can Enter Your Boat
Any device that burns fuel creates Carbon Monoxide.
For example, a propane cook-top or a space heater
are both potential sources for CO. But the most serious
danger comes from the gasoline engines and generators
aboard your own and neighboring boats. There are four
basic ways that CO from a running engine or generator
can enter your boat.
4.2 Carbon Monoxide Hazard
(See enclosed brochure concerning Carbon Monoxide poisoning and preventing)
The “station wagon effect” results from the aerodynamics
Boating Safety
of deck cabins and flying bridges. With the boat underway, the air flow over the top forms a low pressure area
behind the cabin or transom which can suck exhaust gasses into the cockpit and the cabin inefficient trim angles
also can cause the station wagon effect.
of CO poisoning are easy to overlook because they are
similar to the effects of other boating related stress such
as eye strain, fatigue, sun exposure, seasickness, or
alcohol consumption. But, as the concentration of CO in
the air increases, it has increasingly adverse effects on
your health.
4.2.4 Symptoms of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
4.2.6 When Overcome by Carbon Monoxide
Most important is to know the causes, study the symptoms, and be trained in the emergency care. This is
the best way to avoid, understand, and respond to any
Carbon Monoxide emergency:
When someone falls victim to Carbon Monoxide poisoning, fast and responsive action is crucial. Know the symptoms. The earlier the effects of CO are detected, the
better the chances for recovery. The following list shows
the sequences of events that must be done in an effort to
revive a CO victim:
• Evacuate, Ventilate, Investigate, complete the Carbon Monoxide poisoning action sequence
• Move the victim to fresh air.
• Administer oxygen if available. If the victim is not
breathing, perform artificial resuscitation per approved
CPR procedures until medical help arrives and takes
over. Prompt action can mean the difference between
life and death.
• Ventilate the area.
• Investigate the source of CO and take corrective
• As always, you can contact the Red Cross to obtain
information for training in CPR or emergency response
One or more of the following symptoms can signal the
adverse effects of Carbon Monoxide accumulation. The
order of this list is generally the sequence of symptoms.
However, the number of symptoms and the order of their
appearance may change for different people.
Watering and Itching eyes
Tightness in the chest
Flushed Appearance
Ringing in the ears
Throbbing Temples
Inattentiveness Convulsions
4.2.7 How to Minimize the Accumulation of Carbon
4.2.5 Effects of Carbon Monoxide
Practice good inspection and maintenance habits and be
alert for exhaust gasses from other boats. Always provide adequate ventilation when weather enclosures are in
place and engines or generator is running.
When inhaled, Carbon Monoxide is absorbed by the
lungs and reacts with the blood hemoglobin to form
carbon hemoglobin, which reduces the oxygen carrying
capacity of the blood. The result is a lack of oxygen
for the tissues, causing subsequent tissue death and, if
prolonged, death of the individual. Carbon Monoxide in
high concentrations can be fatal in a matter of minutes.
Even lower concentrations must not be ignored because
the affects of exposure to CO are cumulative and can
be just as lethal. Certain health related problems and
age increases the effects of CO. People who smoke or
are exposed to high concentrations of cigarette smoke,
consume alcohol, or have lung or heart disorders are
particularly susceptible to an increase in the effects from
CO. However, the health of all of the boat’s occupants
should be considered. Physical exertion accelerates the
rate at which the blood absorbs CO. The early effects
Do not run with a high bow angle and redistribute the
load to maintain a low bow angle. Orient your boat to
maximize the dispersion of CO.
We cannot identify or describe every possible variable or
combination of variables, you must continually observe
passengers for symptoms or Carbon Monoxide intoxication and be aware of the many possibilities of Carbon
Monoxide accumulation. Moreover, all accommodation
spaces constantly require proper ventilation.
4.2.8 Preventative Maintenance
Frequent inspections and proper maintenance of the
Boating Safety
themselves by either exiting the building or calling for
assistance. Also, children and pets may be affected first.
engine, and exhaust system, as well as, other various
areas of your boat are critical in preventing the accumulation of Carbon Monoxide. It is the owner’s responsibility
to make sure the entire boat is inspected and maintained
against CO.
Carbon Monoxide gas is produced when any type of fuel
is incompletely burned. Gasoline engines and fuel burning appliances (furnace, fireplace, oven, stove, water
heater, etc.) also, space heaters, gas, and charcoal grills
produce CO.
The exhaust system of your engine is under constant
attack from salt water, gasses, vibration, and normal
wear. Inspect every exhaust system component often.
Start with a visual inspection. Check each joint for discoloration, carbon buildup, stains, water leaks, or other
signs of damage. Inspect all metal parts for corrosion,
discoloration, or flaking. If any of these conditions exist,
have the entire system inspected and corrected by a
qualified technician before starting the engine.
Extended operation of unvented fuel burning appliances
(range, oven, fireplace, etc.) can build up high CO levels.
4.3 Other Dangers
4.3.1 Weather
Finally, because poorly running engines produce excessive CO, make sure engines and generators are tuned
up. They should run smoothly and not produce black
smoke. The spark plugs (gas engines) and ignition systems should be maintained regularly, and the fuel system
and air filters should be in good order.
Storms rarely appear without advanced notice. Check
the weather forecast before you begin a day of boating.
Be aware, however, that weather conditions can change
rapidly. If you have a marine radio, listen to the weather
reports issued by the U.S. Coast Guard and others. If you
have a portable radio, keep it tuned to a station broadcasting frequent weather reports. Many boating clubs fly
weather signals. Learn to recognize these signals and
listen to your local forecasts before leaving port.
4.2.10 Carbon Monoxide Review
Everyone is at risk for Carbon Monoxide poisoning!
Particularly sensitive are children, pregnant women, the
elderly, and people with lung disease, heart disease, or
Your surroundings can also be a good indicator of changing weather conditions. Watch for changes in wind direction or cloud formations. There is no substitute for a good
understanding of weather conditions and what to do
when the weather takes a turn for the worse.
WHY? Because Carbon Monoxide is an odorless, colorless gas that prevents the blood from carrying oxygen
to the vital organs. CO (Carbon Monoxide) is 200 times
more likely to replace oxygen in the blood.
Page 4.15 will explain the dangers of Lightning strikes,
with an overview of your protection area.
Check the symptoms of Carbon Monoxide poisoning in
this chapter (4.2.4) again right now, so you will be able to
recognize these symptoms should they ever arise.
• Refer to the Chapman's Manual for instructions and
precautions in operating a craft in heavy weather.
! DA N G E R !
100 – 400 PPM
(parts per million)
causes headaches and
fatigue resembling the flu.
400 – 800 PPM
causes severe headaches,
drowsiness, nausea, and
rapid heart rate.
over 800 PPM
4.3.2 Fog
You can judge the likelihood of fog formation by periodically measuring the air temperature and the dew point
temperature. If the difference between these two temperatures is small, fog is likely to develop.
results in unconsciousness, convulsions, heart
or respiratory failure, and
Foggy conditions include mist, snowstorm, or heavy
Avoid operation in such weather.
Many reported cases of Carbon Monoxide poisoning
determined that while victims are aware they are not
well, they become so disoriented, they are unable to save
4.3.3 Remember these guidelines:
Boating Safety
Know the Dangers!
Swimming near or under the back deck or swim platform. Carbon monoxide from exhaust pipes
of inboard engines, outboard engines and generators build up inside and outside the boat in
areas near exhaust vents. STAY AWAY from these exhaust vent areas and DO NOT swim in
these areas when the motor or generator is operating. On calm days, wait at least 15 minutes
after the motor or generator has been shut off before entering these areas. NEVER enter an
enclosed area under a swim platform where exhaust is vented, not even for a second.
It only takes one or two breaths of the air in this “death chamber” for it to be fatal.
Blockage of exhaust outlets can cause carbon monoxide to accumulate in the cabin and cockpit
area - even when hatches, windows, portholes, and doors are closed.
Exhaust from another vessel that is docked, beached, or anchored alongside your boat can emit
poisonous carbon monoxide gas into the cabin and cockpit of your boat. Even with properly vented exhaust, your boat should be a minimum of 20 feet from the nearest boat that is running a
generator or engine.
Slow speeds or idling in the water can cause carbon monoxide gas to accumulate in the cabin,
cockpit, bridge, and aft deck, even in an open area. A tailwind (force of wind entering from aft
section of the motorboat) can also increase accumulation.
The “station wagon effect,” or backdrafting can cause carbon monoxide to accumulate inside the
cabin, cockpit, and bridge when operating the boat at a high bow angle, with improper or heavy
loading or if there is an opening which draws in exhaust.
This effect can also cause carbon monoxide to accumulate inside the cabin, cockpit, aft deck,
and bridge when protective coverings are used and the boat is underway.
Teak surfing, dragging and water-skiing within 20 feet of a moving watercraft can be fatal.
Boating Safety
Figure 4.3. Blocked hull exhaust outlets near a pier, dock, seawall,
bulkhead or any other structure can cause excessive accumulation
of Carbon Monoxide gas with the cabin areas of your boat. Be certain hull exhaust outlets are not blocked in any way.
Moored to pier blocking exhaust!
Figure 4.4. Engine and generator exhaust from other vessels alongside your boat, while docked or anchored, can cause excessive
accumulation of Carbon Monoxide gas within the cabin and cockpit
areas of your boat. Be alert for exhaust from other vessels.
Exhaust from other vessels
moored alongside!
“Station Wagon Effect”
Figure 4.5. Engine or generator exhaust from your boat while underway and operating with a high bow angle can cause excessive accumulation of Carbon Monoxide gas within the cabin and cockpit areas
of your boat. Always provide adequate ventilation and redistribute
the load to lower the boat angle.
Caused by hign bow angle!
“Station Wagon Effect”
Figure 4.6. When protective weather coverings are in place, engine
or generator exhaust from your boat, while docked and/or running,
can cause excessive accumulation of Carbon Monoxide gas within
the cabin and cockpit areas of your boat. Always provide adequate
ventilation when the weather coverings are in place and either the
engine or generator are running.
With protective coverings in place!
Figure 4.7. While underway or drifting slow speed can cause co
buildup, add a tailwind and this can intensify the effect.
Slow speed, idle, or wind!
Boating Safety
and inspect damage to the boat or propellers. If lightly
grounded, shift weight of passengers or gear to heel the
boat while reversing engines. If towing becomes necessary, we recommend using a commercial towing service.
• Unless your boat is well equipped with charts, head
for shore at the first sign of fog and wait until conditions
improve. If you have charts on board, take bearings as
fog sets in, mark your position, and continue to log your
course and speed.
4.3.7 Swamped or Capsized Boat
• Make sure all persons on board are wearing their personal flotation devices (PFDs).
If your boat becomes swamped or capsized, put on a
PFD immediately and set off a distress signal. Your boat
has flotation foam installed to keep it afloat should it capsize. For this reason, stay with the boat. Do not leave the
boat or try to swim to shore except under extreme conditions. A capsized boat is easier to see than a swimmer,
and shore may be further away than it appears.
• Station a person forward in the boat as a lookout.
• Reduce your speed. From time to time, stop the
engine and listen for other fog signals.
4.3.8 Falling Overboard
• Sound the horn or bell at approximately 2 minute
One of the most frightening emergencies that can occur
aboard a boat is a crew member or yourself falling overboard. Although “man overboard” or “MOB” drills have
been a part of boating safety for decades, they have been
largely overlooked by many responsible boat owners.
• If there is any doubt about continuing your excursion,
anchor. Listen for other fog signals while continuing to
sound your fog horn.
4.3.4 Drugs and Alcohol
Drugs and alcohol affect a person’s ability to make sound
judgments and react quickly. As a responsible boater, you
will refrain from using drugs or alcohol (singly or combined) while operating your boat. Operation of motorized
vessels while under the influence carries a significant
penalty. Drugs and alcohol decrease your reaction time,
impair your judgment, and inhibit your ability to safely
operate your boat.
Just as important as acquiring the knowledge to rescue a
person is the ability to help yourself if you are the person
overboard. Be sure and refer to your “Chapman Piloting”,
“Seamanship and Boat Handling” manual supplied with
your new boat. It is packed with useful and essential
safety and emergency procedures to ensure you have a
safe and happy boating experience.
4.3.5 Collision
4.3.9 Hypothermia
If a serious collision occurs, first check the persons on
board for injuries. Then inspect the boat to determine the
extent of the damage.
If a person falls overboard, hypothermia may be an
immediate concern. Hypothermia means a person’s body
loses heat to the water faster than the body can replace
it. If not rescued, the person will become exhausted and
likely drown. In general, the colder the water, the shorter
the time for survival. PFDs will increase survival time
because they provide insulation.
Prepare to help the other craft unless your boat or its passengers are in danger.
Prepare to help the other craft if your bow penetrated the
other boat or its passengers are in danger.
If the bow of the other boat penetrated your boat’s hull,
prepare to plug the fracture once the boats are separate.
4.3.6 Running Aground
If your boat runs aground, check everyone for injury
Boating Safety
Exhaustion orUnconsciousness
Expected Time of
Under 15 min
Under 15 to 45 min
32.5 – 40
15 – 30 min
30 – 90 min
40 – 50
30 – 60 min
1 – 3 hrs
50 – 60
1 – 2 hrs
2 – 4 hrs
60 – 70
2 – 3 hrs
2 – 4 hrs
70 – 80
3 – 12 hrs
3 hrs – indefinite
Over 80
Deciding whether to stay with the boat or abandon ship
will be difficult. If the decision is to abandon ship, all persons on board should jump overboard and swim a safe
distance away from the burning boat.
4.5 Distress Signals
4.5.1 Mayday
If you have a VHF radio, heed storm warnings and
answer any distress calls from other boats. The word
“MAYDAY” spoken three times is the international signal
of distress. Monitor marine radio channel 16, which is
reserved for emergency and safety messages. You can
also use this channel to contact the Coast Guard or other
boaters if you have trouble.
Never send a “MAYDAY” message unless there is a serious
emergency and you are in need of immediately assistance.
4.4 Fire
4.5.2 Visual Distress Signals
! DA N G E R !
A fire aboard your boat is serious. Explosion is possible. Respond immediately. Develop a fire response
4.4.1 Fire
Every boater should develop a fire response plan to
determine what kind of fire (fuel, electrical, etc.) might
break out, where it might break out, and the best way to
Important: Everyone on board should know where a fire extinguisher is and how to operate it.
Any fire requires stopping the engines immediately.
Keep the fire downwind if possible. If the fire is aft, head
into the wind.
Have all persons on board put on their personal flotation
devices (PFDs).
If you can get at the fire, aim the fire extinguisher at the
base of the flames and use a sweeping action to put out
the fire.
If the fire gets out of control, make a distress signal and
call for help on the radio.
The U.S. Coast Guard requires that all boats operating on U.S. Coastal Waters have visual distress signal
equipment on board. In general, coastal waters include
all waters except rivers, streams, and inland lakes. The
Great Lakes are considered coastal waters, as is a river
mouth more than two miles wide. Boats owned in the
United States and operating on the high seas must also
carry visual distress signal equipment.
Visual distress equipment must be in serviceable condition and stowed in a readily accessible location.
Equipment having a date showing useful service life must
be within the specified usage date shown. Both pyrotechnic and non-pyrotechnic equipment must be U.S. Coast
Guard approved.
Pyrotechnic U.S. Coast Guard approved visual distress
signals and associated equipment include: Red flares,
handheld or aerial Orange smoke, hand held or floating
Launchers for aerial red meteor or parachute flares. Nonpyrotechnic equipment includes an orange distress flag,
dye markers, and an electric distress light.
No single signaling device is ideal under all conditions for
all purposes. Consider carrying various types of equipment. Careful selection and proper stowage of visual
distress equipment is very important. If young children
are frequently aboard, you should select devices with
packages which children, but not adults, will find difficult
Boating Safety
to open.
Other helpful publications available from the U. S. Coast
Guard include “Aids to Navigation” (U.S. Coast Guard
pamphlet #123), which explains the significance of
various lights and buoys, the “Boating Safety Training
Manual”, and “Federal Requirements for Recreational
Boats”. Check with your local Coast Guard Station, your
new dealer, or a local marina about navigational aids
unique to your area.
4.5.3 Running and Navigation Lights
Your boat is designed as a "day sailor" and therefore is
not provided with running and navigation lights for safe
operation after dark. Always use common sense and
good judgment.
The following is presented for reference only since
your boat is not designed to be used after dark.
Operating at night can present some special challenges.
Not only is your depth perception lessened, bright lights
on the shore can cast misleading reflections on the water
and if you wear glasses, or worse yet, bifocals, you simply don’t see as well at night as you do during the day.
It is not only important that you be able to identify other
vessels operating in your proximity, it is equally important
that other vessels see you. Most recreational vessels are
less than 30 feet in length and, according to “The Rules
of the Road”, shall be equipped with navigation lights.
These lights not only have a certain arc through which
they can be seen but must be seen from a minimum distance. Table 1, on page 4.14 will show you the following
lighting requirements for recreational vessels both less
than 12 meters in length (approximately 39.4”), and over
12 meters in length to 20 meters (65')
away from the boat or row away, if you are at anchor or
at a mooring, and see how visible the lights are as you
move further away. How easy are they to see against the
background of lights on shore?
You should always check that your masthead light disappears at the same time each sidelight disappears and
they both disappear when the stern light appears.
Check your sidelights from dead ahead. You should see
both red and green. However, by moving toward one side
by 1-3 degrees, you should then see only one light. If you
still see two lights, an approaching vessel won’t be able
to tell which direction you are going.
When boating at night, remember the following: “When
two lights you see ahead, turn your helm and show your
4.5.4 Sound Signaling Device
Your boat is provided with a horn which conforms with
U.S. Coast Guard requirements for boats of this size. All
class A boats are recommended to carry a hand, mouth,
or whistle, as well as a power operated horn. The device
should be used to promote safe passing, as well as a
warning to other vessels in fog, or confined areas, or as
a signal to operators of locks or drawbridges. Following
are standard whistle signals:
The arc of the lights and color allows you to determine the
direction a vessel is moving. How good are your lights?
You should test them to see how visible you might be
at night. Whether on a trailer or at the marina, switch
on your lights and see how well they can be seen. Walk
One Prolonged Blast
Warning Signal
One Short Blast
Pass on my port side
Two Short Blasts
Pass on my starboard side
Three Short Blasts
Engines in Reverse
Five or More Blasts
Danger Signal
Boating Safety
BEAM (MAX)……………………………………………………..… 6' 6"
DRAFT CENTERBOARD UP………………………………….…. 0' 6"
DRAFT CENTERBOARD DOWN………………………………... 3' 0"
DISPLACEMENT…………………………………………………... 500 lbs.
227 kg.
SAIL AREA (TOTAL)…………………………………..……………107 sq. ft.
9.94 sq. m
21' 6"
MAST HEIGHT……………………………………………………..…
MAXIMUM HORSEPOWER……………………………………… 2 h.p.
1.49 kw
= 926lbs. (420kg)
The operational design parameters of the boat suffice or exceed the
minimum requirements for category 'D' Sheltered Waters.
Definition: Designed for voyages on small lakes, rivers, and canals where
conditions up to, and including , win force 4 and significant wave heights
upto, and including , 0.5 m may be experienced.
Boating Safety
Boating Safety
Chapter 5
V3.082512 • P/N 1035974
Sails and Rigging
Sails & Rigging
5.1 Main Rig Components
Most sailors believe that sailing is hard work: all those lines
to tend, halyards to yank and sails to lug. Hunter Marine
has dispelled that myth once and for all! Innovations by
the crew at Hunter Marine have made sailing easier, safer
and more comfortable. �����������
The result ��- �����������������������
much more sailing fun!
Whether you are ready to set sail for the day or just
around the buoys, your Hunter can really make a differ��
ence. Starting with the tall, fractional rig, which is a direct
descendent of the B&R rig, Hunter has engineered the
mast to carry less weight aloft with a smaller sections.
This is accomplished by utilizing swept-back spread��
ers and reverse diagonals. This combination provides
superior strength without a backstay and increases the
stability at the same time. By using a large roach main
as the power sail, Hunter has eased the effort in sail
handling and allowed for real versatility for all wind and
sea conditions.
Anodized B&R Rig Mast
Furling Jib
Internal Halyards led to Cockpit
Large Roach Mainsail w/Flaking System
Mainsheet and vang
Over the course of the next few pages we will outline
some of the components featured here, along with some
of the optional components of your sails and rigging
aboard your Hunter sailboat.
5.2 The Mast
Your main and most vital rig component is the mast. It
carries the sails and is supported by the standing rigging
as shown on pages 5.6 and 5.7.
Your benefit: better performance with less effort. The deck
layout reflects the innovation that accompanies the rig.
H15 B&R Rig Description
The B&R rig, utilized on the Hunter 15, eliminates the
need for a backstay to allow for a more efficient mainsail
shape. Fixed backstays are commonly being designed
out of today’s performance-oriented boats to allow the
mainsail to incorporate a full roach design - a more
aerodynamic shape both for racing and cruising perfor��
Refer to Boating Safety, and the Getting Underway
chapters for safe boat handling information.
If this is your first boat of this type or you are changing
to a new boat you are not familiar with, please ensure
that you obtain handling and operating experience before
assuming command of the boat. This document is not a
course on boating safety or seamanship. Your dealer or
national sailing federation or yacht club will be pleased
to advise you of local sea schools, or competent instruc��
To accomplish this, the B&R rig has 30 degree swept
spreaders, creating 120 degrees between each rigging
point. This tri-pod arrangement has excellent strength
for sailboat rigs, and has been used for years to support
huge radio towers.
The B&R rig is designed to be pre-bent to further add
rigidity to the mast section and eliminate the need for
adjustable rigging (like backstay adjusters). This design
should prove more reliable than a rig with adjustable
backstays or runners, as there is less chance for error.
Never underestimate the potentially dangerous power of
wind, tide and the sea. Always ensure there is sufficient
trained and proficient crew on board to handle the boat
and its operating systems even in adverse conditions.
NOTE: Standing rigging will stretch slightly when initially
loaded. Therefore, the rigging may have to be further tensioned
slightly after a few sails in a strong breeze to compensate for
this initial stretch. Once the mast is tuned and initial stretch is
taken out, the rig should need retuning only at the beginning of
each season.
The large main, small jib, sail plan on the H15 also elimi��
nates the need for large overlapping headsails (genoas),
as the driving power comes from the much improved
shape and size of the mainsail. This offers an easier
tacking small jib, creating good performance and more
comfortable sailing as it is less work for the crew.
B&R rigs have been used on thousands of sailboats, and
Sails and Rigging
we are proud to incorporate this successful design on
your new Hunter.
5.6 Shaking Out a Reef
5.3 The Boom
1. Head into the wind.
The boom carries the lower sheeting point of your main
sail and is controlled by the main sheet and the vang.
2. Ease the mainsheet and vang.
5.4 The Sails
4. Tension the main halyard to raise sail. Apply stopper
to main halyard.
3. Release the reefing tie lines.
As standard your Hunter is equipped with a furling jib
sail and a drop down main sail. The mainsail is the sail
attached to the aft track of the mast and hoisted with the
main halyard from the cockpit. The jib sail is attached to
the forestay.
5. Re-tension vang and mainsheet.
5.7 Protecting Your Rigging
Most Hunter sailboats feature the control of the most
important sail controls from the cockpit. The jib is con��
trolled with the jib sheet control lines lead back to the
cockpit coming either side. In addition the jib furling line
located to the starboard side of the cockpit allows the
safe and easy unfurling and furling in of the jib sail.
Without careful inspection and proper maintenance, the
rigging is subject to fatigue, wear, discoloration, and
therefore, product failure. Remember: regular inspection
and cleaning will increase the life of your investment and
secure your rigging. We suggest the following:
• Always rinse your rigging with fresh water after sail��
ing, especially salt-water sailing. Salt can create corro��
sion pits, causing cracks and deterioration.
• Clean with a water-soluble chlorine-free detergent.
Inspect rigging for stains. Rust stains may indicate
stress cracks or corrosion. Remove stains with synthetic
or brass pads. Never use steel wool pads.
• Look for broken wires- a sign of fatigue in rigging.
Replace standing rigging if wires are broken.
• Never mix stainless steel and galvanized metals on
cable, fittings, pins, cotter keys, etc. If mixing dissimilar
metals, electric currents may conduct between metal
causing rapid deterioration
• Store rigging in a dry place. Never store in a plastic
bag, which can cause corrosion.
5.5 Reefing Instructions
Your boat comes equipped with reefing grommets installed
in the mainsail. To manually reef the mainsail, complete
the following:
1. Head into the wind.
2. Ease the mainsheet and vang.
3. Lower the sail enough to align the desired row of reef��
ing points with the boom.
5.7.1 Sail Care
4. Begin with the luff cringle and secure it to the boom
by inserting a reefing hook into the grommet and tying it
to the boom near the gooseneck. Tighten the halyard to
secure it.
Sunlight is a sail’s worst enemy, so cover the mainsail
when not in use. An ultraviolet guard, fitted down the
leech of a roller headsail will protect the exposed part
from the weathering effect of the sun and from dirt and
grit. Mildew, can be prevented by storing sails dry and by
hand washing twice a season. Check all sails regularly
for chafe, particularly where they chafe on deck fittings
or rigging, at reef points, batten sleeves and the foot of
the headsail. Sail batten pockets should be inspected on
a regular basis.
5 Secure the leech cringle to the aft part of the boom
by threading a line up from the boom, through the leech
cringle, and back down to the boom.
6. Gather up the loose sail and flake the foot so it’s
easier to manage. Secure this excess sail by tying it
loosely above the boom. Don’t tie too tightly, or the sail
will crease vertically. Use square or slip knots for quick
Sails and Rigging
To stow the mainsail, start at the leech and flake it onto
the boom, left and right, in about 18-in. (46 cm) folds,
while pulling the leech aft. Secure with a sail tie and con��
tinue to the luff. Lash to the boom with sail ties or shock
5.7.2 General Hardware Maintenance
Check all fittings regularly to be sure screws are tight.
Occasionally lubricate (use silicone lubricants) all mov��
ing parts on such fittings as blocks, turnbuckles and cam
cleats, as well as the locking pins of snatch blocks, track
slides, spinnaker poles, etc.
Inspect cleat and fairleads for roughness and smooth
with fine-grained emery paper if necessary. Also, replace
any missing or damaged cotter pins in turnbuckles and
shackles, and either tape them or use them or use pro��
tective covers manufactured for that purpose.
Sails and Rigging
Sail Plan
Sails and Rigging
Standing Rigging Details
Sails and Rigging
Standing Furling Standing Rigging
Sails and Rigging
Mainsheet Boom Rigging
Sails and Rigging
Mainsheet Purchase Layout
Sails and Rigging
Standard Vang Details
Boat: HUNTER 15
Date: 6/20/12
Sails and Rigging
Standard Running Rigging
Sails and Rigging
Centerboard Assembly
Sails and Rigging
Centerboard Detail
Sails and Rigging
Rudder/Tiller Details
Sails and Rigging
Sails and Rigging
Chapter 6
V3.082512• P/N 1035974
Getting Underway
6.1.2 Upon Boarding
Before you go on the first cruise, you should be able to
answer “yes” to the following questions:
If you detect fuel fumes, follow the procedures listed here
and in the Fuel Chapter of this manual.
• Has your dealer completed the pre-delivery service
inspection? Have you and your dealer signed the PreDelivery Inspection Report?
6.1.3 Strong Fuel Fumes
• Have you filled out and mailed all warranty registration cards?
Fuel fumes are heavier than air and can collect in the
bilge area. These fumes are extremely hazardous. If you
detect strong fumes, proceed as follows:
• Have you read and do you understand this owner’s
manual and the OEM manuals?
• Has your boat been registered with the proper authorities? Does your hull display the proper identification?
Leaking fuel is a fire and explosion hazard. Personal
injury or death could occur.
• Has your dealer reviewed with you the operation of
the boat and its systems? Has your dealer answered all
your questions?
Explosive fuel vapors can become trapped in the
lower portions of the boat. If applicable, close all
compartments while fueling your boat.
If you have taken care of these preliminary steps, you
are ready to take your first cruise. Before you start, give
some thought to the cruise itself. Choose a calm day if
you can.
1. Shut down engine.
2. Inform the dockmaster, if possible. Have a qualified
technician check the boat immediately to determine the
source of the odor.
6.1 Boarding your Boat
Make it a routine to visually inspect the exterior of your
boat every time you approach it to board. Look for signs
of damage that could be caused by the dock or other
3. When you can no longer smell fumes, locate the
source. Dispose of fuel in a safe, approved manner.
6.1.1 Preparing to Board
6.2 Launching
As you board your boat, you should make sure you have
all safety gear aboard and a plan for exiting the boat
ramp. If your boat is equipped with an engine, please
remember that CO fumes can be deadly. Since your
boat may be equipped with an outboard engine that is
exterior mounted and there is no enclosed cabin, there is
no CO alarm installed which would indicate the presence
of deadly Carbon Monoxide gas. The dangers of Carbon
Monoxide are detailed at length in the Boating Safety
Chapter of this manual, and in the insert that is placed in
the Boating Safety Chapter.
Accumulation of CO can be deadly. Be sure to operate
your engine in a well ventilated area and be mindful of
the smell of exhaust fumes as these are a sign of the
presence of CO gas.
1. Remove all tie down straps securing the boat to the
trailer as well as any lines securing the rudder in the
upright position or on centerline. The only attachment of
the boat to the trailer should be the strap from the bow
eye to the trailer winch.
Be aware of nearby power lines. Contact with powerlines and the spar may result in electric shock causing severe injury or death.
2. The spar can be raised before or after launch, depending on the docking facilities after launch. BE AWARE OF
Getting Underway
3. Attach the necessary mooring lines and fenders if necessary. Do not lower the fenders over the side until the
boat is clear of the trailer.
6.3 Getting Underway
4. Initially slacken the trailer winch and familiarize yourself with its gear switch action and return the winch to the
locked position.
Verify that you have up to date safety equipment.
Make sure you have the required safety equipment for
your passengers.
5. Loose gear may now be loaded if necessary. The rudder and centerboard should be in the up position
Check wind, tide, and current to determine the best way
to maneuver your boat away from the dock. Lower the
rudder and centerboard to the proper depth and cast off
mooring lines.
6. Back the boat and trailer down the ramp until the trailer
wheels are just clear of the surface of the water. Retrieve
the bow and stern lines as necessary. Loosen the trailer
winch and bow strap.
Shift your boat’s engine into forward or reverse, depending on whether you want to move the bow or the stern
away from the dock first. Your engines should be running
at a slow speed as you move away from the dock.
7. Once the boat is floating free, push the boat clear of
the trailer guides to the available dock maintaining control
with the mooring lines.
8. Slowly pull the empty trailer out of the water being
careful that the boat and people are clear.
Once your boat is in open water, you can safely accelerate to cruising speed. Advance throttle to setting which
provides your desired engine speed (RPM’s).
6.2.1 Running the Engines
6.3.1 Getting Ready to Sail
Now it is time to start the engines. This is accomplished
by the following procedures:
Note: This is not intended to provide a complete guide on sailing! The ‘art’ of managing a sailboat in all weather, tidal and
day/night conditions can not even be taught by reading even the
best instruction book. If you are not proficient in handling sail
boats please refrain from handling this boat and obtain professional training and certificates of which some might be required
for you to navigate this boat in certain areas or countries.
1. First, move the throttle to the neutral positionl.
2. Next, turn the switch to the “On” position.
The following is a simple guide only (see chapter
5, Sails and Rigging, for detailed descriptions and
3. Start the engine by pulling the start chord.
4. Once the engine warms up to operating temp (check
manufacturer’s recommendations for correct warm-up
procedure), move the shift lever to Fwd and Reverse to
make sure that the transmission will engage.
Be sure the rudder and centerboard have been lowered prior to raising any sail
Exhaust gasses contain Carbon Monoxide. This is
a poisonous gas and can cause death. Shut down
engines immediately.
1. If possible, raise the mast with a partner.
2. Locate a level place near the lauching area for the
mast raising. Ensure no power lines or obstructions will
interfere with rigging or traversing the path to water.
Important: Always be careful when starting the engines. Use
common sense and good judgment. Shut down the engine
immediately if you observe any unsafe operating conditions.
3. Untie the mast and boom from the trailer and locate
the rigging and hardware. Attach or confirm the sideshrouds are attached to the shroud tangs on the mast.
Attach or confirm the side-shrouds are equipped with
Getting Underway
14. Rig the boom vang. Attach upper and lower vang
blocks and run vang line.
quick-levered adjusters. Attach or confirm the forestay
pigtail is attached to the forestay tang on the mast.
Attach or confirm the forestay pigtail is equipped with the
upper swivel.
14. Ensure the upper roller furling line runs through the
drum and out the top with a stop knot. Run the jib sheets
aft through the swivel jam cleats on the forward edge of
the seats. Ensure the lines run from the jib through the
eye or fairlead and then through the jam cleat and tie stop
knots on the end of the sheets. Test the furling system.
4. Attach the rolled up jib to the upper swivel and tie it off
at the base of the mast. Ensure the roller furler drum is
attached to the stemhead fitting. Ensure the main halyard is secured to the mast.
5. If rigging solo, remove the forward compartment cover
and cover battens.
15. Install the out haul line in the boom with the messenger line provided and lead from the sheave at the back of
the boom through the lower cringle at the back of the sail
and aft to the end of the casting.
6. Place the mast inside the boat with the top pointing
aft and the base pointing forward and close to the mast
16. Attach the rudder/tiller assembly.
7. Pin the shroud adjusters to the port and starboard
chain plates and open them up. Walk the mast back
sufficiently to insert the base of the mast into the mast
step, aligning the pegs in the mast with the grooves in
the step.
17. When in water, lower the rudder and centerboard
according to depth. Ensure loose batten is inserted in the
mainsail. Raise and unfurl sails, beginning with the main
and then the jib while powering into the wind. Once each
halyard is tensioned, the halyard can be pushed down
into its respective rope clutches. However, care should
be taken not to inadvertently open the rope clutches,
since the sails will lower rapidly if this is done. When the
sails are raised, the boat can be laid off and the engine
turned off.
8. Position oneself center aft in the cockpit. Lift and raise
the mast along a centerline trajectory.
9. Have one’s partner attach the lower jib forestay to the
roller furling drum. If rigging solo,carefully attach the pin
and then maintain downard tension on the rolled-up jib to
prevent the mast from falling backwards.
18. After a day of sailing, the sails should be lowered/
furled in while again powering into the wind, with the jib
furled in first and then lowering the main. Protect your
sails by covering them with the sail cover or furling them
completely up.
10. Close the quick-levered shroud adjusters to tighten
the rig and ensure no slack exists. If one must adjust the
pins, open the adjuster and carefully raise or lower the
pins to achieve the desired tension. Hold the main halyard to stabalize the mast while the pins are adjusted.
6.4 Returning to Port
11. Locate the boom and attach it to the gooseneck fitting
on the mast using the gooseneck fitting pin and ring.
After completing the day’s cruise and mooring your boat,
shut down the engine, if applicable.
12. Run the mainsail slugs into the groove of the mast
and attach the main halyard. If the outhaul line is not
attached, run it from the clew of the sail through the eye
on the back of the boom and foward to the cleat on the
side of the boom.
* Reduce engine speed to idle. Place transmission control in neutral. Allow engine to idle for a few minutes.
* Move switch to OFF to shut down the engine.
Before going ashore, check the following items:
13. Rig the mainsheet purchase and attach the upper
block to the boom. Ensure there are no twists and the
cleat is working properly. To change the angle of the
cleat on the lower mainsheet block, loosen the screw in
the middle of the block and rock the cleat assembly up or
down and tighten.
• Boat securely tied to dock
• Sails are secured
• Centerboard and rudder are up if trailering.
A thorough washdown of your hull, decks, and rigging
Getting Underway
with soap and fresh water will help keep your boat looking
like new for years.
Always insure that you, and all aboard know the outlines
for emergency operations.
6.4.1 Retrieving
! DA N G E R !
Be aware of nearby power lines. Contact between
powerlines and the spar may result in electric shock
causing severe injury or death.
1. Raise Centerboard and rudder.
2. Back trailer into water remembering boat will be floating lower if there is more gear on board than when you
3. Maneuver boat between trailer guides and up to the
winch with the mooring lines.
4. Connect the bow strap and with the winch in gear,
winch boat up snug against bow stop.
5. Center boat between upright aft trailer guides.
6. Slowly pull the boat from the water until the weight of
the boat is on the trailer.
7. Confirm alignment on the trailer. Put trailer back in the
water to re-align if necessary.
8. make sure the rudder is pinned or tied in the upright
position to prevent it from dragging on the ground.
9. De-rig and unstep mast if not already done. BE AWARE
10. Tie boat to trailer and secure the mast and rigging.
13.5 Emergency Operations
You should always understand and be prepared to
engage in Emergency Operations aboard your boat. The
sea is unforgiving in this area, and you can find yourself
in very bad trouble in a very short time, even if you are
Do not rely on this manual to educate you in all the
emergency procedures aboard your boat.
Getting Underway
Getting Underway
Getting Underway
Chapter 7
V3.082512 • P/N 1035974
7.1.2 Recommended Spare Parts
We recommend that you carry the following spare parts
on board your boat:
(The information below is Hunter Marine’s opinion and
should not be considered complete or exact list of recommendations.)
Pull start chord for engine (if installed)
Assorted fasteners
You have made the investment to purchase your boat.
Now is the time to take care of it. Here we will supply you
with the knowledge to do just that.
To keep the exterior of your boat in good condition, you
should follow a periodic preventive maintenance program
and practice good storage habits. In this section, are
important suggestions that will help keep your boat in the
best possible condition.
We will separate this chapter into sections that deal with
each part of your boat. The exterior, the interior, and the
mechanical components. At the end of the chapter, we
will offer you some maintenance tips and also give you
a schedule of maintenance to be performed. Remember
that any manufacturer’s recommended maintenance
schedules supersedes ours and their specific schedules
or tasks should be performed.
7.2 Exterior
7.2.1 Care and Maintenance During Summer Months
7.1 Maintenance Materials
Before storing your boat, remove loose items such as
cushions, towels, and similar items. Water trapped under
these items can cause gelcoat discoloration and mildew.
Following is a list of tools we recommend that you carry
on board your yacht. Note that this list is the minimum
After each use, rinse the entire boat with fresh water. If
the boat has been used in brackish or salt water, use a
mild soap during the washdown.
Vise grips (small and medium)
Needle nose pliers
Screw and nut driver set with ratchet handle
Multi-bladed knife
Set of screwdrivers (Phillips and flat blade, including
“shorty” in both
Offset screwdriver
Set of combination wrenches (box at one end, open end
at the other)
Extra batteries for flashlight
Set of tubing wrenches
Covering your boat between uses will protect the finish
from direct sunlight. Do not cover it with anything that
will not allow moisture to evaporate, for example, sheet
7.2.2 Finish Protection
Waxing two or four times a year is recommended. If you
are in a climate where you use your boat year round, wax
your boat every three months. If you have a summer
boating season, wax at the beginning of the season and
before winter storage.
Waxing helps protect your boat from everyday elements.
Use a wax recommended for fiberglass (gelcoat) finishes.
Many automatic, over-the-counter waxes can be used.
Check the product label for recommended surfaces and
7.1.1 Recommended Maintenance Materials
We recommend that you carry the following on board
your yacht:
7.2.3 Color Fading and Yellowing
Plastic marine tape
Instant glue
Silicone rubber
Electrical tape
Two-part epoxy adhesive
Spray lubricant
Darker colors are more prone to fading because they
absorb more of the sun’s ultraviolet rays. Whites and offwhites will yellow, usually on the deck radii. If the finish
on your boat has started to fade or yellow, and waxing
will not restore the finish, compounding with a fine grit
compound and a low speed buffer may be necessary.
An automotive, fine grit rubbing compound will work well
in most cases.
area. After the stain is removed, wash the area with soap
and water and apply a good coat of wax.
7.2.5 Stainless Steel
* Follow the manufacturer’s application instructions. Do
not apply compound or wax in direct sunlight.
Your Boat Hardware is made from top quality stainless
steel and with proper care and maintenance will give you
many years of service.
* Never place the buffer in such a manner that the pad
touches the ground. The pad will pick up dirt which will
cause deep scratches in the finish.
Mirror Finish
* After compounding, clean the surface with soap and
water. Apply a good coat of wax.
The mirror finish on most of your stainless hardware is
produced by a series of progressive machine and hand
polishing operations. It is this careful polishing that
makes the stainless finish so beautiful...and easier to
clean and maintain.
7.2.3 Minor Scratches
If you have light surface scratches and rubbing compound
does not remove them, wet sanding may be necessary.
Recommended Cleansers
** To wet sand:
We have reviewed several general stainless cleansers/
polishers to determine their effectiveness in cleaning and
protecting your stainless steel. Even though opinions will
certainly differ, our opinion is that one of the most effective cleaning and polishing products is Collinite© # 850
Metal Wax. To help maintain the factory finish of your
stainless steel hardware, try the recommended cleanser
because you may agree with us.
* Clean the area with soap and water. During sanding,
try to keep the area free of dust and dirt.
* Use a 500 or 600 grit wet and dry sandpaper. Use a
sanding block. Sandpaper and sanding blocks can be
purchased from automotive supply stores.
Recommendations for Cleaning
* When sanding, keep the surface wet. On dry surfaces,
press a wet sponge above the sanding area. Always
keep the sanding block flat on the surface. Never use
the edge or corner. Doing so will make scratches that
rubbing compound will not remove.
• Do…Apply an even layer of the polishing compound onto
a clean soft rag and distribute over a manageable area of
the stainless surface with a soft rotational motion.
• Do…Repeat the application if some surface stains
remain until all the finish is back to the original clean
shiny finish.
• Do…Remove any excess polishing compound and polish out the stainless finish for a mirror shine.
• Do...Rinse thoroughly with fresh water after each cruise.
Thorough rinsing can prevent a lot of the surface staining
that stainless steel produces when left in contact with salt
water residue.
• Do...Dry after each use to prevent mineral deposits from
building up on the surface of the finish.
• Don’t...Scour the stainless. Scouring can damage the
original finish.
• Most brands of cleansers contain chemical additives
which will affect the original high polish finish if left on the
• Don’t...Use a steel wool pad to clean your stainless. If
a more abrasive product is needed, use a stainless polishing paste being sure to rub in the paste with a clean
rag. Steel wool pads have a tendency to break apart and
* After completing wet sanding, compound the sanded
area with a fine grit rubbing compound. Use a low speed
(1200 – 2800 rpm) buffer. Several applications of rubbing
compound will have to be applied before all the scratches
are removed.
* Apply a good coat of wax.
7.2.4 Stains
You can remove stains using a cleaner specifically made
for gelcoat surfaces. Any cleaner recommended for cultured marble or fiberglass tubs and sinks will work. Most
of these cleaners can be purchased at a grocery store.
If a cleaner does not remove the stain, use a fine grit
rubbing compound. By hand, apply a small amount of
the compound to the stain area. Using a cotton cloth
and medium pressure, rub the compound into the stained
small particles of steel can become embedded in the surface and will rust and will give the appearance that the
stainless itself is rusting.
Following these recommendations for the care and cleaning of your stainless steel will help insure that it will provide you with many years of service.
All deck fitting, bow rails, windows, hatches, etc, have
been caulked with the highest quality material to ensure
a waterproof joint with the boat. However, normal use will
flex the joint and eventually break down the seal.
Note: We recommend that all deck fittings, hatches, etc. be
caulked periodically to prevent damaging leaks from developing.
Today, chlorides are found in almost all soaps, detergents, bleaches and cleansers; chlorides can be aggressive to stainless steel. However, chlorides are very water
soluble. Therefore, THOROUGH RINSING of your bright
work after each use will help to keep your stainless looking bright and shiny.
7.3 Mechanical Systems and Components
Refer to the manuals supplied by the boat component
manufacturers for their recommended periodic maintenance. The manuals may indicate maintenance requirement, in addition to, the minimum maintenance tasks
listed in the following charts.
Like many metallic surfaces, your stainless steel will
scratch. These are merely usage scratches and over time
will blend into the overall finish. Surface scratches can
be polished out with a polishing paste but this can be a
lengthy and work intense process.
Note: In case of conflicts between the maintenance information in this manual and the manuals supplied by the equipment
manufacturer, the equipment manuals take precedence.
7.3.1 Engine Gear Oil
7.2.6 Deck Hatches
See engine operating manual for recommended oils and
correct procedures for checking and replenishing oil.
Wax the rubber gaskets on all deck hatches with a carnauba wax to ensure gasket material does not stick to its
mating surface.
7.3.2 Fuel Line Connections
7.2.7 Acrylic and Plexiglass
Check all fuel line connections for leaks at least once a
year. Tighten as necessary.
Important: Do not use glass cleaning sprays, scouring
compounds, or solvents (such as acetone, gasoline, or
thinners) to clean acrylic or Plexiglass.
Important: Be careful when tightening fittings. Over-tightening
can crack the flair fittings and flair nuts. Use only tube wrenches when tightening connections.
Following are guidelines for cleaning acrylic and Plexiglass
7.4 Periodic Maintenance
* Wash acrylic hatches, windows, and any other acrylic
compounds with mild soap and plenty of lukewarm
Proper and timely maintenance is the best insurance
you can buy for trouble free and pleasurable boating.
Included in this section are maintenance charts which
identify maintenance tasks and their frequency. Use the
charts as a checklist.
* Use a clean, soft cloth.
* Apply only a light pressure when cleaning.
* Rinse with clear water, and blot dry with a damp cloth
or chamois.
Following are specific maintenance tasks that you should
complete after the first 20 hours of operation:
7.2.8 Caulking
* Tighten all engine mounts.
use cable slings. Pressure by the slings on the gunwale
can cause severe gelcoat crazing or more serious hull
* Complete engine maintenance as recommended by
engine manufacturer.
* Tighten all hose clamps and lubricate them.
* The spreader bar at each sling should be as long as the
distance across the widest point the sling surrounds.
At the end of this chapter, you will find a maintenance
schedule. It is important that you keep the manufacturer’s documentation for the components and follow the
maintenance schedules and procedures listed in that
literature. This information takes precedence over what
is supplied by the boat manufacturer.
* Your boat is designed to be stored on a trailer with
longitudinal support on at least 2 rails. This will help distribute the weight and prevent stress cracking from point
7.5.2 Draining Your Boat
7.5 Storage and Lifting
Your boat has a drain plug on the transom for draining
water from the bilges. The tongue of the trailer can be
propped up so that the drain plug will be the lowest point
and thereby drain the bilge when opened.
In most cases, the reason for storage is winter layup.
The information in this section is a general guide. Your
boat dealer or a competent boatyard should prepare your
boat for winter storage. If you are removing your boat
from the water for another reason, use the information in
this section as a guideline. Following the procedures in
this section helps to extend the life of your boat and its
equipment and simplifies re-commencing in the spring.
7.5.3 Preparing for Storage
* Clean, scrub, and sponge the hull and deck as soon as
the boat is pulled from the water and is still in the trailer.
Cleaning marine growth from the hull is easier when it is
still wet.
Indoor storage is beneficial if you are storing your boat in
a climate that produces ice and snow. However, the storage building should be adequately ventilated, not tightly
closed. Ventilation around the boat, is very important.
* Clean the inside of all hull openings, through hull fittings, and screens. Inspect the hull and underwater
gear for signs of wear, deterioration, or damage. Note
any damage to the propulsion equipment, rudder and
centerboard, etc. Make repairs, if at all possible, before
covering your boat.
If you use outdoor storage facilities, cover your boat with
a canvas cover with provisions for ventilation to keep the
boat from “sweating.” Building a frame over the boat to
support the canvas will allow the passage of air around
the boat. The frame should be a few inches wider than
the boat so the canvas will clear the rails.
* Fill the fuel tank with treated fuel to prevent condensation. If you use a stabilizer or conditioner, be sure to
follow the instructions on the container.
Before preparing your boat for winter storage, check the
condition of the boat and its systems and equipment.
Note any repairs needed. The need for other repairs may
become apparent during winterization. Make arrangements to have the repairs completed.
Important: Do not overfill fuel tanks so fuel flows from the vent.
Allow room in the tanks for fuel to expand.
** Prepare the Engine for Storage:
7.5.1 Lifting Your Boat
* In areas where temperatures fall below freezing, the
bilge area must be completely dry.
Following are guidelines which will help prevent damage
to your boat as it is being lifted.
Note: Refer to the engine owner’s manual for winterization and
storage procedures.
* Never hoist the boat with a greater than normal accumulation of water in the bilge.
* Make sure all garbage is removed.
* Use flat, wide slings made of belting and spreader bars
long enough to keep pressure off the gunwale. Do not
* Scrub the inside of the boat.
* Stand or prop up cushions remaining on board to allow
good air circulation around them. Hang life preserver and
other equipment to prevent mildew.
* Make sure all drain plugs are installed. Check all centerboard and rudder hardware for damage and tightness.
Repair or adjust as needed.
* Remove any detachable and valuable equipment and
* Launch your boat.
** Prepare Exterior of Boat for Storage:
7.6.2 Post Launch Checkout
* Apply a coat of wax to the entire boat. Put rust inhibitor
on all metal parts.
** After launching your boat, check the following:
* Cover the boat with a tarpaulin or mooring cover. If the
boat is stored outside, you may need to place supports
under the cover to shore up pockets where rain or snow
can collect.
* Check all sources of possible leaks from bow to stern.
Make this check with boat fully in the water, but still in
the slings!
7.5.4 Draining Your Boat
Your boat has a drain plug for draining water from the
bilges. Prop the trailer tongue and remove the drain plug
so that any water that may enter will drain
7.5.6 Supporting Your Boat During Storage
A trailer is the ideal support for your boat whenever it is
not in the water. Properly designed and located, the trailer will support the boat under the main frames. Support
at these points is essential for preventing damage to the
If a trailer is not available, the boat may be supported
on two longitudinal timbers along the bottom of the boat.
The timbers and the foundation must be substantial
enough to prevent any change in shape while supporting
the boat during storage. The weight carried by the supports should be evenly divided.
Store the boat with the bow up so any accumulation of
moisture will run off.
7.6 Fitting out after Storage
Before launching your boat, do not load unneeded equipment and personal items until the launch and final checkout are complete.
7.6.1 Pre-Launch Checkout
** Before placing your boat in the water, check and perform the following:
* Check all lines and gear and replace, if necessary.
Routine Maintenance
Daily (after use)
Check and tighten all
deck fittings
Change engine gear oil
Inspect rigging
Chapter 8
V3.082512 • P/N 1035974
Broach: when a boat running downwind slews broadside to the wind and heels dangerously. It is caused by
heavy following seas or helmsman’s error.
Broad reach: the point of sailing between a beam reach
and a run, when the wind blows over a quarter.
Bulkhead: a partition wall in a boat normally fitted
Caulk: to make the seams between wooden planks
watertight by filling with cotton, oakum or a compound.
Cavitation: the formation of a vacuum around a propeller, causing a loss in efficiency.
Center-board: a board lowered through a slot in the
keel to reduce leeway.
Center-line: center of the boat in a fore and aft line.
Center of effort (COE): the point at which all the forces
acting on the sails are concentrated.
Center of lateral resistance (CLR): the underwater
center of pressure about which a boat pivots when
changing course.
Chain pawl: a short lug which drops into a toothed rack
to prevent the anchor chain running back.
Chain plate: a metal plate bolted to the boat to which
the shrouds or backstays are attached.
Chart datum: reference level on a chart below which
the tide is unlikely to fall. Soundings are given below
chart datum. The datum level varies according to country and area.
Chine: the line where the bottom of the hull meets the
side at an angle.
Cleat: a wooden, metal or plastic fitting around which
rope is secured.
Clevis pin: a locking pin through which a split ring is
passed to prevent accidental withdraw.
Clew: the after, lower center of a sail where the foot and
leech meet.
Close-hauled: the point of sailing closest to the wind;
see also beat.
Close reach: the point of sailing between close-hauled
and a beam reach, when the wind blows forward of the
Close-winded: describes a boat able to sail very close
to the wind.
Coaming: the raised structure surrounding a hatch,
cockpit, etc., which prevents water entering.
Cotter pin: soft, metal pin folded back on itself to form
an eye.
Course: the direction in which a vessel is steered, usually given in degrees; true, magnetic or compass.
Cringle: 1, a rope loop, found at either end of a line of
reef points; 2, an eye in a sail.
Aback: describes a sail when the wind strikes it on the
lee side.
Abaft: towards the boat’s stern.
at right angles to the center-line of the boat.
Aft: at or near the stern.
Amidships: the center of the boat, athwartships and fore
and aft.
Anti-fouling: a poisonous paint compound used to protect the underwater part of a hull from marine growths.
Apparent wind: The direction and speed of the wind felt
by the crew. It is a combination of true wind and that
created by the movement of the boat.
Astern: behind the boat; to go astern is to drive the
boat in reverse.
Athwartships: at right angles to the fore and aft line of
the boat.
Back: when a wind backs, it shifts anticlockwise.
Back a sail: to sheet it to windward so that the wind fills
on the side that is normally to leeward.
Backstay: a stay that supports the mast from aft and
prevents its forward movement.
Ballast: extra weight, usually lead or iron, placed low in
the boat or externally on the keel to provide stability.
Ballast keel: a mass of ballast bolted to the keel to
increase stability and prevent a keel boat from capsizing.
Batten: a light, flexible strip fed into a batten pocket at
the leech of the sail to support the roach.
Beam: 1, the maximum breadth of a boat; 2, a transverse member that supports the deck; 3, on the beam
means that an object is at right angles to the centerline.
Bear away: to steer the boat away from the wind.
the direction of an object from an observer, measured
in degrees true or magnetic.
Beat: to sail a zigzag course towards the wind, closehauled on alternate tacks.
Belay: to make fast a rope around a cleat, usually with
a figure-of-eight knot.
Bend: 1, to secure a sail to a spar before hoisting; 2, to
moor a boat; 3, a sleeping place on board.
Bight: a bend or loop in a rope.
Bilge: the lower, round part inside the hull where the
water collects.
Block: a pulley in a wooden or plastic case, consisting of a sheave around which a rope runs. It is used to
change the direction of pull.
Boot-topping: a narrow colored stripe painted between
the bottom paint and the topside enamel.
Bottlescrew: see Rigging screw.
Dead run: running with the wind blowing exactly aft, in
line with the center-line.
Deviation: the difference between the direction indicated by the compass needle and the magnetic meridian;
caused by object aboard.
Displacement: 1, the weight of water displaced by a
boat is equal to the weight of the boat; 2, a displacement hull is one that displaces its own weight in water
and is only supported by buoyancy, as opposed to a
planning hull which can exceed its hull, or displacement,
Downhaul: a rope fitted to pull down a sail or spar.
Draft: the vertical distance from the waterline to the lowest point of the keel.
Drag: 1, an anchor drags when it fails to hole; 2, the
force of wind on the sails, or water on the hull, which
impedes the boat’s progress.
Drift: 1, to float with the current or wind; 2, US the
speed of a current (rate UK); 3, UK: the distance a boat
is carried by a current in a given time.
Drogue: a sea anchor put over the stern of a boat or life
raft to retard drift.
Drop keel: a retractable keel which can be drawn into
the hull, when entering shallow waters and recovering
on to a trailer.
Go about: to turn the boat through the eye of the wind
to change tack.
Gooseneck: the fitting attaching the boom to the mast,
allowing it to move in all directions.
Goosewing: to boom-out the headsail to windward on a
run by using a whisker pole to hold the sail on the opposite side to the mainsail.
Ground tackle: general term used for anchoring gear.
Guard rail: a metal rail fitted around the boat to prevent
the crew falling overboard.
Gudgeon: a rudder fitting. It is the eye into which the
pintle fits.
Guy: a steadying rope for a spar; a spinnaker guy controls the fore and aft position of the spinnaker pole; the
foreguy holds the spinnaker pole forward and down.
Gybe: to change from one tack to another by turning
the stern through the wind.
Halyard: rope used to hoist and lower sails.
Hank: fitting used to attach the luff of a sail to a stay.
Hatch: an opening in the deck giving access to the interior.
Hawes pipe: see Navel pipe.
Head-topwind: when the bows are pointing right into
the wind.
Headfoil: a streamlined surround to a forestay, with a
groove into which a headsail luff slides.
Heads: the toilet.
Headway: the forward movement of a boat through the
Heave-to: to back the jib and lash the tiller to leeward;
used in heavy weather to encourage the boat to lie quietly and to reduce headway.
Heaving line: a light line suitable for throwing ashore.
Heel: to lean over to one side.
Eye of the wind: direction from which the true wind
Fair: well-faired line or surface is smoother with no
bumps, hollows or abrupt changes in directions.
Fairlead: a fitting through which a line is run to alter the
lead of the line.
Fathom: the measurement used for depths of water and
lengths or rope. 1 fathom = 6 ft. or 1.83m.
Fid: a tapered tool used for splicing heavy rope and for
sail-making, often hollow.
Fiddle: a raised border for a cabin table, chart table
etc., to prevent objects falling off when the boat heels.
Fix: the position of the vessel as plotted from two or
more position lines.
Forestay: the foremost stay, running from the masthead
to the stemhead, to which the headsail is hanked.
Freeboard: vertical distance between the waterline and
the top of the deck.
Isobars: lines on a weather map joining places of equal
atmospheric pressure.
Jackstay: a line running fore and aft, on both sides of
the boat, to which safety harnesses are clipped.
Jury: a temporary device to replace lost or damaged
Keel: the main backbone of the boat to which a ballast
keel is bolted or through which the centerboard passes.
Kicking strap: a line used to pull the boom down, to
keep it horizontal, particularly on a reach or run.
Genoa: a large headsail, in various sizes, which overlaps the mainsail and is hoisted in light to fresh winds on
all points of sailing.
Gimbals: two concentric rings, pivoted at right angles,
which keeps objects horizontal despite the boat’s
motion, e. g. compass and cooker.
Lanyard: a short line attached to one object, such as a
knife, with which it is secured to another.
Leech:1, the after edge of a triangle sail; 2, both side
edges of a square sail.
Leehelm: the tendency of a boat to bear away from the
Lee shore: a shore on to which the wind blows.
Leeward: away from the wind; the direction to which the
wind blows.
Leeway: the sideways movement of a boat off its
course as a result of the wind blowing on one side of
the sails.
Lifeline: a wire or rope rigged around the deck to prevent the crew falling overboard.
Limber holes: gaps left at the lower end of frames
above the keel to allow water to drain to the lowest point
of the bilges.
List: a boat’s more or less permanent lean to one side,
owing to the improper distribution of weight, e.g., ballast
or water.
Log: 1, an instrument for measuring a boat’s speed and
distance traveled through the water; 2, to record in a
book the details of a voyage, usually distances covered
and weather.
Luff: the forward edge of a sail. To luff up is to turn a
boat’s head right into the wind.
Luff groove: a groove in a wooden or metal spar into
which the luff of a headsail is fed.
Lurch: the sudden roll of a boat.
On the wind: close-hauled.
Out haul: a rope used to pull out the foot of a sail.
Overall length (OAL): the boat’s extreme length, measured from the foremost past of the bow to the aftermost
part of the stern, excluding bowspirt, self-steering gear
Painter: the bow line by which a dinghy, or tender, is
towed or made fast.
Pintle: a rudder fitting with a long pin that fits into the
gudgeon to form a hinged pivot for the rudder.
Pitch: 1, the up and down motion of the bows of a boat
plunging over the waves; 2, the angle of the propeller
Point of sailing: the different angles from which a boat
may sail; the boat’s course relative to the direction of
the wind.
Port: the left-hand side of the boat, looking forward
(opp. of starboard).
Port tack: a boat is on a port tack when the wind strikes
the port side first and the mainsail is out to starboard. A
boat on the port tack gives way to a boat on a starboard
Position line/ Line of position: a line drawn on a chart,
as a result of taking a bearing, along which the boat’s
position must be, i.e. two position lines give a fix.
Pulpit: a metal guard rail fitted at the bows of a boat to
provide safety for the crew.
Pushpit: a metal guard rail fitted at the stern.
Marlin spike: a pointed steel or wooden spike used to
open up the strands of rope or wire then splicing.
Mast Step: the socket in which the base of the mast is
Measured mile: a distance of one nautical mile measured between buoys or transits/ranges ashore, and
marked on the chart.
Member: a part of the skeleton of the hull, such as a
stringer laminated into fiberglass hull to strengthen it.
Meridian: an imaginary line encircling the Earth that
passes through the poles and cuts at right angles
through the Equator. All lines of longitude are meridians.
Mizzen: 1, the shorter, after-mast on a ketch or yawl; 2,
the fore and aft sail set on this mast.
Quarter: the portion of the boat midway between the
stern and the beam; on the quarter means about 45
degrees abaft the beam.
Rake: the fore and aft deviation from the perpendicular
of a mast or other feature of a boat.
Range: 1, see transit; 2, of tides, the difference between
the high and low water levels of a tide; 3, the distance at
which a light can be seen.
Rating: a method of measuring certain dimensions of a
yacht to enable it to take part in handicap races.
Reach: to sail with the wind approximately on the beam;
all sailing points between running and close-hauled.
Reef: to reduce the sail area by folding or rolling surplus
material on the boom or forestay.
Reefing pennant: strong line with which the luff or
leech cringle is pulled down to the boom when reefing.
Rhumb line: a line cutting all meridians at the same
angle; the course followed by a boat sailing in a fixed
Riding light to anchor light: an all-around white light,
usually hoisted on the forestay, to show that a boat
Navel pipe: a metal pipe in the foredeck through which
the anchor chain passes to the locker below.
Noon Sight: a vessel’s latitude can be found, using a
sextant, when a heavenly body on the observer’s meridian is at its greatest altitude. The sight of the sun at
noon is the one most frequently taken.
Off the wind: with the sheets slacked off, not closehauled.
under 50 ft. (15m.)is at anchor. It must be visible for 2
mls. (3 km.).
Rigging screw: a deck fitting with which the tensions of
standing rigging, e.g. stays, shrouds, etc. are adjusted.
Roach: the curved part of the leech of a sail that
extends beyond the direct line from head to clew.
Run: to run with the wind aft and with the sheets eased
well out.
Running rigging: all the moving lines, such as sheets
and halyards, used in the setting and trimming of sails.
a knot; the part of a rope that is made fast, or around
which the knot is tied.
Standing rigging: the shrouds and stays that are permanently set up and support the mast.
Starboard: right-hand side of a boat looking forward
(opp. of port).
Starboard tack: a boat is the starboard tack when the
wind strikes the starboard side first and the boom is out
to the port.
Stay: wire or rope which supports the mast in a fore and
aft direction; part of the standing rigging.
Steerage way: a boat has steerage way when it has
sufficient speed to allow it to be steered, or to answer
the helm.
Stem: the timer at the bow, from the keel upward, to
which the planking is attached.
Sternway: the backward, stern-first movement of a
Stringer: a fore and aft member, fitted to strengthen the
Scope: the length of rope or cable paid out when mor
Scuppers: 1, holes in the toe rail that allow water to
drain off the deck; 2, drain cockpit through hull.
Seacock: a valve that shuts off an underwater inlet or
outlet passing through the hull.
Seize: to bind two ropes together, or a rope to a spar,
with a light line.
Serve: to cover and protect a splice or part of a rope
with twine bound tightly against the lay.
Serving mallet: tool with a grooved head, used when
serving a rope to keep the twine at a constant and high
Set: 1, to hoist a sail; 2, the way in which the sails fit; 3,
the direction of tidal current or steam.
Shackle: a metal link with a removable bolt across the
end; of various shapes: D, U.
Sheave: a grooved wheel in a block or spar for a rope
to run on.
Sheet: the rope attached to the clew of a sail or to the
boom, enabling it to be controlled or trimmed.
Shrouds: ropes or wires, usually in pairs, led from the
mast to the chain plates at deck level to prevent the
mast falling sideways; part of the standing rigging.
Sloop: a single-masted sailing boat with a mainsail and
one head sail.
Spar: a general term for any wooden or metal pole,
e.g., mast or boom, used to carry or give shape to sails.
Spindrift: spray blown along the surface of the sea.
Spinnaker: a large, light, balloon shaped sail set when
reaching or running.
Splice: to join ropes or wire by unlaying the strands and
interweaving them.
Split pin: see cotter pin.
Spreaders: horizontal struts attached to the mast, which
extends to the shrouds and help to support the mast.
Stall: a sail stalls when the airflow over it breaks up,
causing the boat to lose way.
Stanchion: upright metal post bolted to the deck to support guardrails or lifelines.
Standing part: the part of a line not used when making
Tack: 1, the lower forward corner of a sail; 2, to turn the
boat through the wind so that it blows on the opposite
sides of the sails.
Tacking: working to windward by sailing close-hauled
on alternate courses so that the wind is first on one side
of the boat, then on the other.
Tack pennant: a length of wire with an eye in each end,
used to raise the tack of a headsail some distance off
the deck.
Tackle: a purchase system comprising of rope and
blocks that is used to gain mechanical advantage.
Tang: a strong metal fitting by which standing rigging is
attached to the mast or other spar.
Tender of dinghy: a small boat used to ferry stores and
people to a yacht.
Terminal fitting: fitting at the end of a wire rope by
which a shroud or stay can be attached to the mast, a
tang or a rigging screw/ turnbuckle.
Tide: the vertical rise and fall of the oceans caused by
the gravitational attraction of the moon.
Toe rail: a low strip of metal or molding running around
the edge of the deck.
Topping lift: a line from the masthead to a spar, normally the boom, which is used to raise it.
Topsides: the part of a boat’s hull that is above the
Track: 1, the course a boat has made good; 2, a fitting
on the mast or boom into which the slides on a sail fit;
3, a fitting along which a traveller runs, used to alter the
angle of the sheets.
Transit: two fixed objects are in transit when seen in
line; two transit give position fix.
Traveller: 1, a ring or hoop that can be hauled along a
spar; 2, a fitting that slides in a track and is used to alter
the angle of the sheets.
Trim: 1, to adjust the angle of the sails, by means of
sheets, so that they work most efficiently; 2, to adjust
the boat’s load, and thus the fore and aft angle at which
it floats.
True wind: the direction and speed of the wind felt
when stationary, at anchor or on land.
Turnbuckle: see Rigging screw.
Under way: a boat is under way when it is not made
fast to shore, at anchor or aground.
Uphaul: a line used to raise something vertically, e.g.,
the spinnaker pole.
Veer: 1, the wind veers when it shifts in clockwise direction; 2, to pay out anchor cable or rope in a gradual,
controlled way.
Wake: the disturbed water left astern of a boat.
Waterline: the line along the hull at which a boat floats.
Waterline length (WL): the length of a boat from stem
to stern at the waterline. It governs the maximum speed
of displacement hull and effects a boats rating.
Weather helm: ( opp. of lee helm).
Weather side: the side of a boat on which the wind is
Wetted surface: the area of the hull under water.
Whisker pole: a light pole used to hold out the clew of
a headsail when running.
Winch: a mechanical device, consisting usually of a
metal drum turned by a handle, around which a line is
wound to give the crew more purchasing power when
hauling taut a line, e.g. a jib sheet.
Windage: those parts of a boat that increase drag, e.g.,
rigging, spars, crew, etc.
Windlass: a winch with a horizontal shaft and a vertical
handle, used to haul up the anchor chain.
Windward: the direction from which the wind blows;
towards the wind (opp. of leeward).
Yawl: a two masted boat with a mizzen stepped aft of
the rudder stock/ post.
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