notice - Gardner Denver
IMPORTANT INSTALLATION INFORMATION
To ensure that you get the best expected service life from this equipment, there are specific
blower and motor installation and alignment procedures that must be observed. These
instructions are outlined in this comprehensive Operating & Service Manual.
Blowers are low pressure compressors, and they operate at elevated discharge temperatures
due to the heat of compression occurring through multiple stages. This results in the outlet end
of the blower having more thermal growth than the inlet end. This uneven growth requires
careful offset of the blower to the motor to ensure that when the blower and motor reach
operating temperatures, normally
1 ½ - 2 hours after start-up, the correct hot alignment can be achieved.
Our scope of supply, including the blower, motor and applicable accessories, are covered by
Gardner Denver’s and our sub-vendor’s standard warranties against defects in material and
workmanship. These warranties do not cover failures caused by improper installation,
alignment or operation and maintenance, or by normal wear and tear. As such, proper
installation, alignment and operation and maintenance of this equipment are necessary to insure
the warranty is not voided.
If you feel you do not have the training or instrumentation to perform these start-up services, it is
suggested you consider having Gardner Denver supervise the installation and start-up. Typical
start-up services include laser alignment, lubrication of Gardner Denver supplied equipment and
operator training. In addition, complete laser alignment, vibration and bearing temperature
baseline results will be provided to document that the start-up was properly completed.
CF0996001 i
MAINTAIN BLOWER RELIABILITY AND PERFORMANCE
WITH GENUINE GARDNER DENVER, INC
PARTS AND SUPPORT SERVICES
Genuine Gardner Denver factory parts, engineered to original tolerances, are designed for
optimum dependability and performance, specifically for your blower. Design and material
innovations result from years of experience with hundreds of different blower applications.
When you specify genuine factory parts, you are assured of receiving parts that incorporate the
most current design advancements, manufactured in our state-of-the-art centrifugal blower
factory under exacting ISO 9001:2000 quality standards. Gardner Denver Authorized/Certified
Repair Centers offer all the back-up you require. Factory-trained service technicians provide the
finest product support in the blower industry on a worldwide basis.
Contact Information:
Gardner Denver Engineered Products Division
100 Gardner Park
Peachtree City, GA 30269
Phone: (770) 632-5000
Toll Free: 800-982-3009
FAX: (770) 486-5530 (parts)
FAX: (770) 631-0765 (service)
INSTRUCTIONS FOR ORDERING REPAIR PARTS
For pricing and delivery information, contact your local Sales Representative or our Customer
Service team at our Peachtree City factory.
When ordering parts, specify the Blower Model, Serial Number (see data plate on unit) and
sales order number, if available.
Rely upon the knowledge and experience of your local sales representative or our customer
service team and let them assist you in making the proper parts selection for your blower.
NOTE: This manual is applicable for the following models:
Current catalog models: 260, 310, 400, 510, 725, 550, 42, 732, 850, 741, 870, 742, 751, 1260,
752, 1270, 761, 1400, 1600, 1870, 2000, and 2400.
Non-catalog models: 250, 383, 40, 41, 600, 642, 650, 652, 671, 691, 772, 781, 791, 810, 860,
1210 and 1250.
Please consult factory with any questions.
CF0996001 ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Foreword .................................................................................................................................... iv
Safety Precautions....................................................................................................................... v
I.
Equipment Check and Storage ...........................................................................................1
II.
Installation & Handling ........................................................................................................ 2
III.
Operation .......................................................................................................................... 16
IV.
Bearing Lubrication .......................................................................................................... 21
V.
Maintenance..................................................................................................................... 24
VI.
Service ............................................................................................................................. 25
VII. Troubleshooting Guide ...................................................................................................... 26
VIII. Surge in Centrifugal Blowers ............................................................................................. 28
APPENDIX A, Warranty, Repair & Technical Field Services and
Material Return Policy................................................................................................................ 30
APPENDIX B, Terms and Conditions ........................................................................................ 31
CF0996001 iii
FOREWORD
Gardner Denver blowers/exhausters, marketed under the Hoffman, Lamson and Gardner
Denver brand names, are the result of advanced engineering and skilled manufacturing. To be
assured of receiving maximum service from this machine, the owner must exercise care in its
operation and maintenance. This book is written to give the operator and maintenance
department essential information for day-to-day operation, maintenance and adjustment.
Careful adherence to these instructions will result in safe, economical operation and minimum
downtime.
DANGER
Danger is used to indicate the presence of a hazard that will cause severe
personal injury, death or substantial property damage if the warning is ignored.
-
WARNING
Warning is used to indicate the presence of a hazard that will cause severe
personal injury, death or substantial property damage if the warning is ignored.
CAUTION
Caution is used to indicate the presence of a hazard that will or can cause
severe personal injury or property damage if the warning is ignored.
NOTICE
Notice is used to notify people of installation, operation or maintenance information
that is important but not hazard-related.
CF0996001 iv
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Safety is everybody’s business and is based on your use of good common sense. All situations
or circumstances cannot always be predicted and covered by established rules. Therefore, use
your past experience, watch out for safety hazards and be cautious. Some general safety
precautions are given below:
DANGER
Failure to observe these notices could result in injury to or death of personnel.
Keep fingers and clothing away from inlet and discharge ports, rotating belts,
openings in bearing housings, sheaves, drive coupling, etc.
Do not use the air discharge from this unit for breathing - not suitable for
human consumption.
Do not loosen or remove the oil filler plug, drain plugs, covers or break any
connections, etc., in the air or oil system until the unit is shut down and the air
pressure has been relieved.
Electrical shock can and may be fatal.
Unit must be grounded in accordance with the National Electrical Code.
Open main disconnect switch, tag and lockout before working on the control.
Disconnect the unit from its power source, tag and lockout before working on
the unit - the machine may be automatically controlled and may start at
any time.
-
WARNING
Failure to observe these notices could result in damage to equipment.
Stop the unit if any repairs or adjustments on or around the blower
are required.
Disconnect the unit from its power source, tag and lockout before working on
the unit - the machine may be automatically controlled and may start at
any time.
Do not exceed the rated maximum speed shown on the nameplate.
Do not operate unit if safety devices are not operating properly.
Check periodically. Never bypass safety devices.
CF0996001 v
GARDNER DENVER’S QUALITY POLICY:
Gardner Denver is committed to provide on-time delivery of competitively priced products and services
that meet or exceed our customers’ requirements. We will achieve this by maintaining a quality system
devoted to the prevention of quality deficiencies and to continuous improvement.
INTRODUCTION
Thank you for investing in Gardner Denver quality. The Gardner Denver reputation for rugged
dependability has been earned by over 100 years of service in demanding, industrial operations
where downtime cannot be tolerated and efficient blower performance is expected. Your
Gardner Denver blower is a precision blower that has been carefully manufactured and
thoroughly tested at the state-of-the-art Gardner Denver, Inc. blower factory in Peachtree City,
Georgia.
As with other precision machinery, there are several relatively simple installation, operation and
maintenance procedures that you must observe to assure optimum blower performance. There
is no guesswork in the manufacture of your highly advanced Gardner Denver blower and there
must be none in preparing the blower to get the job done in the field.
The purpose of this manual is to help you properly install, operate and maintain your blower. It
is essential that you review all sections of this manual in preparation for installing your blower.
Follow the instructions carefully and you will be rewarded with trouble-free Gardner Denver
service, year in and year out.
OPERATING PRINCIPLES
The Gardner Denver centrifugal blower is a dynamic type compressor. It uses an impeller within
a casing called a diffuser. As the impeller rotates, air enters the eye of the impeller. The
rotational speed of the impeller imparts a high velocity to the air as it moves radially outward into
the diffuser, which converts part of the velocity head into a static pressure head. By employing
a number of impellers in series, multi-staging will produce high pressure. Air that has left the
diffuser of a previous section or stage moves radially inward to the eye of the next impeller, and
the process is repeated, increasing pressure with each stage.
WHERE TO CALL FOR GARDNER DENVER BLOWER ASSISTANCE:
For prompt, professional Gardner Denver service always contact your Customer Service
Representative first. If you do not know your Customer Service Representative, please refer to
the following contact information:
Gardner Denver Engineered Products Division
100 Gardner Park
Peachtree City, GA 30269
Phone: (770) 632-5000
Toll Free: 800-982-3009
FAX: (770) 486-5530 (parts)
FAX: (770) 631-0765 (service)
CF0996001 vi
I SECTION I
EQUIPMENT CHECK
Immediately upon receipt, thoroughly
examine the equipment. Both motor and
blower shafts should rotate freely. There
should be no evidence of damage, cracked
castings, bent tie rods or any other unusual
conditions. Most equipment is shipped Ex
Works factory, meaning that the purchaser
is responsible for the machine when it
leaves the factory. If damage has occurred,
or any material is missing, note on the
delivering carrier’s freight bill and make sure
the driver signs same on the receiving copy.
Notify the delivering carrier at once and also
notify your Gardner Denver representative.
Do not return the blower to the factory until
you have recorded the discrepancy with the
driver and have notified your representative
and the factory and have received return
authorization approval.
NOTE: FREIGHT DAMAGE IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE DELIVERING CARRIER. IF
SHIPMENTS ARRIVE DAMAGED, CUSTOMER
OR RECEIVING PARTY MUST CONTACT
CARRIER AND SUBMIT A CLAIM.
-
WARNING
Customers are cautioned to provide
adequate protection, warning and safety
equipment necessary to protect personnel
against hazards involved in installation and
operation of this equipment in the system
or facility.
STORAGE
Short-Term Storage
Your Gardner Denver centrifugal blower
should be stored in a clean, dry, wellventilated area. Keep equipment covered
and out of the elements (canvas preferred
over plastic). The storage area should be
heated to prevent condensation, and it must
be free of ambient or transient vibration.
Rotate the blower and motor shaft at
least once a week to prevent bearings
from developing flat spots and to keep
lubrication evenly distributed in bearings
during idle periods.
Be sure to keep a
log of shaft rotations to ensure machine
warranty protection.
Long-Term Storage
For storage periods longer than 90 days, the
same instructions apply. In addition, the
following steps must also be considered:
A. Blower Maintenance
Every six months, one protective flange
cover should be removed to inspect
internal surfaces of the machine. Renew
vapor phase inhibitors if evidence of rust
is visible. Inspect exterior surfaces and
coat with a rust-inhibitor primer where
necessary (e.g. exposed shaft surfaces).
B. Motor Maintenance
Use only lubricant specified in motor
O&M Manual. Note that this lubricant
may be different than that used in the
blower.
Please review motor O&M
Manual for complete lubrication and
maintenance procedures.
-
WARNING
Rotating components will cause severe
injury in case of personal contact. Keep
hands away from blower inlet and
discharge ports.
CF0996001 Page 1
SECTION II
A.INSTALLATION
Location
& HANDLING
A. Location
1. The location selected should be clean,
dry, properly drained and adequately
ventilated.
2. Heated, indoor locations are preferable.
3. Plan ahead. Ample room is required for
maintenance, lubrication and the
removal of the machine or driver for
servicing.
B. Handling
The unloading and handling of Gardner
Denver equipment is the users responsibility
and should be performed by personnel
experienced in handling heavy machinery.
The complete assembly can be lifted from
beneath the steel base (Figure 1) or with
lifting eyes if provided (Figure 2). For bare
machines, use slings located as close as
possible to inlet head and outlet head
(Figure 3). Never lift with a sling around the
shaft or flange, as damage may occur to the
machine. The slings should be located
under the tie rods to prevent damage.
Eyebolts are NOT supplied with the
machine. If eyebolts will be used to lift the
blower, Gardner Denver recommends the
use of drop forged, weldless shoulder
pattern eyebolts, using full-size flat washers
and nuts, screwed all the way down and
properly seated.
NOTICE
Eye bolts can fail due to mishandling, improper use, alteration, excessive heat, paint or wear.
Always stand clear of load when handling and lifting.
CF0996001 Page 2
C. Foundation
The structural design of this unit and the
smooth operation inherent in the centrifugal
machinery eliminates the need for massive
foundations and costly site preparation. The
blower should rest on a solid, level, flat,
smooth surface such that it will support the
dead weight of the unit. Avoid mezzanines,
catwalks and hollow floors. Foundations
must be clean and level within 1/16” per foot
slope or a maximum of 1/8” over the length
and width of the base.
D. Positioning
Each blower is shipped with a quantity of
resilient mounting pads. Location of pads is
shown on blower base skid. As a reference
see Figure 4. Use shims (equal to or larger
in size than the base pads) under the
mounting pads as required to level the unit.
Do not use shims between the base and
pads. Level in the lateral plane is especially
important for oil lubricated machines.
Locating studs may be used to position the
machine, but should not be used to anchor
the unit. Anchoring the unit (or worse,
grouting the base in concrete) greatly
increases the support stiffness and may
result in increased levels of vibration
measured at the bearings.
It is
unnecessary, costly and may degrade
mechanical performance.
The locating
studs should not make contact with the
base. There must be clearance all around
the studs.
FIGURE 4
-
WARNING
CAUTION
If anchor bolts are present, do
NOT bolt down! Hand tighten
ONLY!
Gardner Denver strongly
discourages grouting of the unit.
Use of grouting may void warranty.
CF-0996001 Page 3
TABLE 1: Maximum Allowable Flange Forces and Moments
(On page 4, refer to Figure 5 for Force and Figure 6 for Moments)
INLET
FLANGE
Series
310
400
510
725
550
42
732
850
741
870
742
751
1260
752
1270
761
1400
1600
1870
2000
2400
OUTLET
FLANGE
Series
310
400
510
725
550
42
732
850
741
870
742
751
1260
752
1270
761
1400
1600
1870
2000
2400
F1
PARALLEL TO
SHAFT
lb
N
30
133
40
178
40
178
60
267
50
222
60
267
60
267
60
267
80
356
80
356
100
445
120
534
100
445
140
623
150
667
140
623
200
890
180
801
200
890
200
890
240
1068
F2
F1
PARALLEL TO
SHAFT
lb
N
30
133
40
178
40
178
50
222
50
222
60
267
60
267
60
267
80
356
80
356
80
356
120
534
100
445
100
445
100
445
140
623
200
890
180
801
200
890
200
890
240
1068
F3
M1
HORIZONTAL 90° TO
VERTICAL TO SHAFT
PARALLEL TO SHAFT
SHAFT
lb
N
lb
N
ft-lb
N-m
90
400
60
267
100
136
120
534
80
356
200
271
120
534
80
356
200
271
150
667
120
534
300
407
150
667
100
445
300
407
150
667
120
534
300
407
150
667
120
534
300
407
180
801
120
534
400
542
200
890
160
712
400
542
240
1068
160
712
500
678
250
1112
200
890
500
678
300
1334
240
1068
600
813
300
1334
200
890
700
949
350
1557
280
1246
700
949
450
2002
300
1334
900
1220
350
1557
280
1246
700
949
600
2669
400
1779
1200
1627
450
2002
360
1601
1050
1424
660
2936
440
1957
1400
1898
660
2936
440
1957
1400
1898
720
3203
480
2135
1500
2034
F2
F3
VERTICAL TO SHAFT
lb
90
120
120
125
120
150
150
180
200
180
200
300
300
250
300
350
450
450
600
600
660
N
400
534
534
556
534
667
667
801
890
801
890
1334
1334
1112
1334
1557
2002
2002
2669
2669
2936
M1
HORIZONTAL 90° TO
PARALLEL TO SHAFT
SHAFT
lb
N
ft lb
N-m
60
267
100
136
80
356
200
271
80
356
200
271
100
445
250
339
80
356
200
271
120
534
300
407
120
534
300
407
120
534
400
542
160
712
400
542
120
534
400
542
160
712
400
542
240
1068
600
813
200
890
700
949
200
890
500
678
200
890
700
949
280
1246
700
949
300
1334
900
1220
300
1334
900
1220
400
1779
1200
1627
400
1779
1200
1627
440
1957
1400
1898
CF-0996001 Page 5
M2
VERTICAL TO
SHAFT
ft lb
N-m
50
68
100
136
100
136
150
203
150
203
150
203
150
203
200
271
200
271
250
339
250
339
300
407
350
475
350
475
450
610
350
475
600
813
525
712
700
949
700
949
750
1017
M3
HORIZONTAL 90°
TO SHAFT
ft lb
N-m
50
68
100
136
100
136
150
203
150
203
150
203
150
203
200
271
200
271
250
339
250
339
300
407
350
475
350
475
450
610
350
475
600
813
525
712
700
949
700
949
750
1017
M2
M3
VERTICAL TO
SHAFT
ft lb
N-m
50
68
100
136
100
136
125
169
100
136
150
203
150
203
200
271
200
271
200
271
200
271
300
407
350
475
250
339
350
475
350
475
450
610
450
610
600
813
600
813
700
949
HORIZONTAL 90°
TO SHAFT
ft lb
N-m
50
68
100
136
100
136
125
169
100
136
150
203
150
203
200
271
200
271
200
271
200
271
300
407
350
475
250
339
350
475
350
475
450
610
450
610
600
813
600
813
700
949
F. Accessories
The
following
are
the
minimum
recommended accessories for blower
protection and reliable operation.
1. Throttle Valve. This is normally a
butterfly valve located on the inlet of the
blower that is used to control the flow
through the blower.
When starting the
blower, the throttle valve should be in a fully
closed position and slowly opened within 1015 seconds after start-up. Occasionally, due
to a long valve response time or the system
process, it may be necessary to start the
blower with the throttle valve at a minimum
start position in lieu of starting the blower
with the throttle valve fully closed. As soon
as the blower reaches full speed, the throttle
valve should be adjusted to allow sufficient
airflow through the blower to reach the
design operation point. Throttling the inlet
on a pressure blower is preferred and more
efficient than throttling on the discharge.
The throttle valve is used to adjust the
airflow through the machine to reach the
design operating condition. It is also used to
increase the flow to move away from surge.
Surge is defined as the unstable flow of air
through a machine that occurs when airflow
through the dynamic compressor is reduced.
As the flow is reduced, the pressure rises
until the maximum pressure point is
reached. As flow is further reduced, the
pressure will drop below this peak point, and
the downstream pressure will cause flow
back into the blower.
This creates a
pulsation inside the machine and a very
unstable condition (see Section VIII).
2. Butterfly Valve.
In most cases, a
butterfly valve is used as a throttle valve.
Butterfly valves are also used as discharge
blow-off valves which can control flow,
although less efficiently, as the air is already
compressed when it is blown off. In other
words, the work is invested in the air before
it is released. Butterfly valves also see
service as isolation valves that allow the
blower package to be worked on without
being affected by the downstream pressure.
Carefully remove shipping flange covers
prior to assembling accessories. Make
sure no foreign materials enter the unit.
When mounting the butterfly valve on the
inlet, the valve should be positioned
such that the valve shaft is at a right
angle to the blower shaft and opens away
from the body of the blower to allow
smooth air entry into the blower. The
rush of air should never be directed
toward
the
first
stage
impeller.
FIGURE 7
NOTE: ISOLATION
SLEEVE/EXPANSION JOINT
OMITTED FROM FIGURE FOR
CLARITY. UNIT MUST BE
PROPERLY ISOLATED FROM
PIPING SYSTEMS.
1
CAUTION
Always start blower with inlet valve closed or at a minimum start position. Open slowly
after machine comes up to speed. (Not to exceed 10 seconds)
CF-0996001 Page 6
3. Check Valve. A check valve must be
installed in the discharge piping to prevent
reverse airflow from other blowers in the
piping system on pressure service. On
vacuum systems, the check valve must be
located in the inlet line to the blower. On
pressure systems, the check valve must be
located downstream of any blow-off valves,
and on vacuum systems it must be
upstream of all bleeding devices.
Installation, maintenance and operation
of check valves:
The installation of a check valve in a pipeline
is as simple as installing a section of pipe.
Prior to installation, the interior of the valve
should be checked carefully for debris of any
kind. Such debris, if not removed, may
render the check valve inoperative. The
internal assembly of the check valve should
move freely from the open to closed position
without binding. Even in the largest valves,
the internals should operate easily by hand.
The check valve may appear not to close
tightly when so operated, but this simply
means that the sealing member has not
assumed its “set” and in no way should be
interpreted as a failure of the valve to close
easily or to seat tightly. This condition, if it
exists, will be rectified by a few cycles in
service. All check valve assemblies are
treated with a locking solution during
assembly. No loose fasteners should be
found.
When valves are installed in the horizontal
position, they should be bolted in place with
the stationary support, the hinge post, in the
vertical position, i.e., in such a manner that
the bolts protruding through the valve body
are at the top and bottom of the installed
valve, perpendicular to the flow. In the
downward or upward positions, no special
attention need be given to the hinge post
position. The valve flanges are parallel and
therefore the mating flanges of the
connecting piping must be parallel to ensure
a good joint and prevent undue strains on
the valve body and flanges.
Standard
gaskets and sealing
recommended.
compounds
are
4. Isolation Sleeve/Expansion Joint.
Must be installed both in the inlet piping
system and discharge piping system to
ensure isolation of piping systems from unit
flanges. Isolation sleeves or expansion
joints must be positioned upstream of the
butterfly valve on the unit inlet. The piping
must be aligned to + or – ¼” offset
maximum.
Flange bolt holes must be
matched to ¼” tolerance.
5. Inlet Filter (blowers). Inlet filters are
required to keep foreign material from
entering the machine. Abrasive, wet or
bulky material will damage the machine’s
internal parts and could cause catastrophic
failure.
Servicing frequency of filter
elements is not predictable. A differential
pressure indicator with a continuous gauge
reading, or one with a maximum indicator,
should be installed across the inlet filter. It
will tell how much of the service life of the
filter element has been used. It will also
eliminate both premature filter servicing and
premature blower failure due to a plugged
filter when the filter pressure drop is used to
establish maintenance points. In all cases
refer to the manufacturer’s service instructions. Due to the many types of filters, it is
not practical to give specific instructions
covering all models. In general, it is recommended to clean or replace filters when the
pressure drop across the filter reaches
10” wc.
-
WARNING
It is extremely important to keep inlet
filters clean. Dirty or plugged filters
will cause a low flow or surge
condition, which will result in
substantial damage to the machine.
Units damaged from running in surge
are NOT covered under warranty.
CF-0996001 Page 7
6. Drivers. For electric drivers, read and
comply
with
motor
manufacturer’s
installation and operating instructions that
are attached to the motor. Make certain that
motor data plate requirements agree with
the nameplate with available power supply
at the job site. All wiring MUST be done by
a licensed electrician in accordance with the
National Electric Code and all local
regulations.
For turbine, diesel, gasoline and natural gas
drivers, read and follow the manufacturer’s
instructions.
On direct-coupled units, the adjustment and
lubrication of couplings to the specifications
of the coupling manufacturer is very
important. When mounted drives are supplied from the factory, preliminary alignment
has been established before shipment.
However, during shipping, handling and installation, it is likely that the alignment will be
disturbed, and final adjustment must be
made before start-up. To reduce vibration,
the coupling must be aligned to within 0.002”
for both offset and angular alignment. Final
alignment is the responsibility of the
owner and/or installer. Laser alignment
is recommended.
7. Flexible Couplings. Units coupled
through flexible couplings should be aligned
as accurately as possible. As a suggested
limit, the two halves should indicate correct
alignment within 0.002” on both the circular
concentric peripheral surfaces and the
separation between faces. Although most
flexible couplings will withstand greater
misalignment than rigid couplings, misalignment can cause vibration, possibly resulting
in failure of motor bearings and/or the
blower bearings.
CF-0996001 Page 8
G.
NOTICE
Alignment Procedures
The alignment procedure used is based on the
motor being the moveable component and the
blower the stationary component. The motor will
therefore be shimmed to achieve proper
It is further
that
a hot
alignment
with therecommended
blower remaining
fixed.
alignment be performed. Centrifugal blowersalignment
experience
thermal outlined
growth as
operThe
procedure
in they
this section
is for a standard two-element, constant speed
(blower/motor) configuration. Multi-element and
custom configurations, such as a blower that is
driven through a gearbox or a turbine-driven
blower, will be accompanied by customized
alignment procedures validated by design
engineers and supercede this procedure.
The blower may have thermal growth data
on the nameplate.
Due to seasonal variations in operating
conditions, blower alignment should be
checked semi-annually.
Coupling Alignment Scenarios
Proper alignment means that the driver and
driven shafts rotate as closely as possible on a
common axis. Each blower and motor
combination is “cold” aligned to design conditions
at the factory. This means the “hot” design
condition is already built into the alignment. After
1 ½ - 2 hours of initial operation, this alignment
may require an adjustment if vibration and
bearing temperature are not within specified limits
(see Section III – Operation).
It is further recommended that a hot alignment be
performed. Centrifugal blowers experience
thermal growth as they operate. This thermal
growth results in the movement of the blower
drive shaft in the vertical direction at the
discharge end of the blower. A hot alignment
compensates for this vertical movement so that
when the blower is operating, the shafts come
back into alignment.
It is difficult to predict the amount of thermal
growth in any particular blower because the
temperature generated by the machine is subject
to many variables such as ambient temperature,
pressure, output, efficiency, etc.
1.
Perfect Alignment
Faces of coupling hubs parallel, centerlines
of shafts concentric.
Parallel Misalignment
Faces of coupling hubs parallel, centerlines
of shafts offset.
Angular Misalignment
Faces of coupling hubs not parallel, centerlines
of shafts not concentric.
Clamp dial indicator on driving hub.
Locate COUPLING
indicator probeALIGNMENT
on O.D. of drivenIS
hub.
NOTE:2. FINAL
THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE OWNER OR INSTALLER.
3.
Rotate
shafts
simultaneously
and
take
readings
at RESULT IN WARRANTY DENIAL SHOULD
FAILURE TO PERFORM FINAL ALIGNMENT CAN
90° revolutions.
VIBRATION OR OTHER PROBLEMS DEVELOP. COUPLING ALIGNMENT IS NOT THE
RESPONSIBILITY OF THE START-UP TECHNICIAN UNLESS PREVIOUSLY APPROVED BY THE
FACTORY.
CF-0996001 Page 9
NOTICE
Other Factors Related to Alignment
It is important that adequate clearance
between coupling halves be maintained to
allow for axial shaft growth. (See coupling
manufacturer’s instructions attached to the
unit for specific clearance dimensions.)
Final corrections must be made with the
blower at operating temperature. Units are
NOT final aligned at factory.
♦ Operate unit 1½ - 2 hours to get hot.
♦ Check vibration 0.28 IPS Max.
♦ Shut unit down – Make final “Hot”
adjustments to Gardner Denver
specification: 0.002” angularity and
offset.
RPM
3600
1800
1200
900
Angular
Offset
0.005”/ 1”
0.007”/ 1”
0.010”/ 1”
0.015”/ 1”
0.002”
0.004”
0.006”
0.008”
Industry Standard Alignment Specs
Shimming Guidelines
The following conditions can be a factor in
trying to achieve good alignment:
a. Base and foundation must be level and
smooth.
b. Piping must be isolated using flexible
sleeves or expansion joints.
c. Pay particular care to outlet driven
machines with horizontal discharge heads
as thermal expansion can be multidirectional.
d. Machine structural base should be
mounted on resilient vibration pads as
supplied and should not be hard grouted.
Do not bolt down hard.
e. Check for soft foot. All driver (motor)
support feet must be in the same plane.
When one or more feet are higher than the
others, a “soft foot” condition (table-leg
effect) exists that must be corrected to allow
for a more exact alignment.
To check for soft foot:
With all motor hold-down bolts tight, set dial
indicator at top surface of foot and zero it.
Loosen that foot, noting the indicator
movement. Retighten that foot. Perform the
same procedure on the adjacent foot. Add
shims to the foot showing the highest
reading. When the reading is brought to a
value of less than 0.003 inches (0.076 mm),
re-check the foot that was checked first to
ascertain that a new soft foot condition has
not been created.
An acceptable reading before alignment is less than
0.003 inches (0.076 mm)
CF-0996001 Page 10
NOTE: THE BEST METHOD OF ALIGNMENT IS WITH A LASER ALIGNMENT DEVICE.
GARDNER DENVER OFFERS FACTORY TRAINED TECHNICIANS AND LASER ALIGNMENT
SERVICES. CONSULT GARDNER DENVER SERVICE GROUP FOR INFORMATION.
Methods of Shaft Alignment
It is Gardner Denver’s recommendation that
the alignment methods used are with a laser
device or with a dial indicator. The dial
indicator method can be done by an
experienced millwright or rotating equipment
technician. The laser alignment procedure
can also be accomplished by persons
experienced using this equipment. Gardner
Denver offers laser alignment field services.
Consult factory for details.
Laser Alignment (Preferred)
See instructions supplied with laser equipment
Dial Indicator
Coupling Types
Blowers may be supplied with various
coupling types best suited for the
application, such as gear type, elastomer
flexible element or disc type couplings.
Whether mounted by Gardner Denver or by
the end user, couplings must be installed
and maintained in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions supplied with the
equipment. Final coupling alignment is
the responsibility of the owner or
installer.
Gear type couplings installed by Gardner
Denver are not lubricated prior to shipment.
Any gear type coupling must have the gear
teeth thoroughly hand-packed with the
proper grease before placing the blower in
service. If equipped with lube holes in the
sleeve hubs, inject grease into the hubs until
approximately half-full (grease begins to
overflow through sleeve hubs). Follow
manufacturer’s instructions for lubrication
type and frequency.
The spacer type
coupling is also acceptable and provides
distinct benefits.
It is, however, an
extension of a standard coupling and is
therefore not treated separately.
Motors
1. Clamp dial indicator on driving hub.
2. Locate indicator probe on O.D. of driven hub.
3. Rotate shafts simultaneously and take readings at
90° revolutions.
4. Misalignment of coupling is half of total run-out.
Straightedge (Not recommended)
Ball Bearing Motors
A ball bearing motor can be direct coupled
to the blower using an approved flexible
coupling.
Sleeve Bearing Motors
When sleeve bearing motors are used,
extreme care must be taken in establishing
proper magnetic center alignment. Special
selected couplings are available for this
service and should be used to restrict the
axial float of the motor rotor. The coupling
manufacturer’s installation instructions must
be followed closely. Periodically inspect the
blower’s thrust bearing (inlet end) to prevent
CF-0996001 Page 11
factory for specific belt tension requirements
or follow belt manufacturers’ instructions.
failure resulting from a shifting or hunting of
the motor rotor about its magnetic center
due to variable load conditions.
Belt Drive Alignment
Aligning a belt drive is much simpler than
aligning a direct-coupled drive. To check
alignment, place a straightedge across the
face of the driving and driven sheaves. If
properly aligned (see fig. 10), the straightedge will contact both sheave faces
squarely. Figures 8 and 9 show incorrect
alignment. Keep sheave as close to blower
as possible. Excessive distance between
sheave and blower can reduce bearing life
significantly.
Belt drive units should receive regular
inspections to detect improper belt tension.
(See following paragraph for instructions).
This is particularly important a few days after
initial installation. Belts that are too tight will
result in excessive bearing stresses and
loose belts will slip and fail prematurely.
When replacing belts in a multiple set, ALL
belts should be replaced. Tensioning of new
belts should be increased by approximately
2 lbs. at calculated deflection to allow for
stretching, and then rechecked after an
eight-hour run-in.
factory for specific belt tension requirements
or follow belt manufacturer’s instructions.
NOTICE
When belts are tensioned properly, a short
duration squeal on start may be heard.
-
WARNING
Over-tightening belts leads to heavy bearing
loads and premature failure.
Belt tension can be checked as follows:
Divide the center distance “L” in inches by
64 to arrive at a deflection dimension “d”.
The belts should have approximately 5-7
lbs. tension at this deflection. (See Figure
11) Belt tension measuring devices are
available from most belt manufacturers and
usually include instructions. Drive requirements can vary by application. Contact
CF-0996001 Page 12
d
FIGURE 11
Checking Belt Tension
Hot Alignment Shimming Offset Guidelines
Calculations can be performed as follows:
Assumptions
• The only growth above ambient to take place is at discharge end of blower
• Inlet end is ambient and therefore considered stationary (no growth)
• Any thermal growth in motor is considered negligible and will not be used in these
calculations
Necessary Terms for Calculating Thermal Offset
A = Height of shaft (the distance between the center line of the shaft and the bottom of the
blower feet)
B = Distance between the blower feet (centerline of the hold-down bolts)
C = Distance from the drive end blower feet to the drive end motor feet
D = Distance between the motor feet
COE = Coefficient of expansion for cast iron is .000006” per inch/ °F
T (Δt) = The temperature change from inlet casing to outlet casing. (If the running temperature
is not known, estimate 15 degrees per blower stage. For example, an 8-stage machine x 15
degrees would have a Δt of 120 degrees).
E = Thermal growth of the outlet in thousandths of an inch: Height of shaft (A) x Change in
temperature (Δt) x .000006 (COE)
CF-0996001 Page 13
INLET
OUTLET
Hot Shaft
Position
MOTOR SHAFT
G
F
Outlet
Temperature
Inlet
Temperature
Cold Shaft
Position
Thermal Offset Calculations for Inlet Drive Blowers
(Note: Motor is lower than blower. Offset will be negative number.)
On an inlet drive blower, it is necessary to set the motor shaft lower than the blower shaft when
cold to compensate for thermal growth on the non-drive end of the unit. To find the offset for the
motor feet:
From zero in the cold position, subtract:
Inlet drive motor front feet (F) = (C/B) x E
Inlet drive motor rear feet (G) = [(C+D)/B] x E
F and G are measured in thousandths of an inch. This is the amount to subtract from the feet of
the motor once the alignment is zeroed under cold conditions.
CF-0996001 Page 14
OUTLET
INLET
MOTOR SHAFT
Cold Shaft
Position
Outlet
Temperature
Hot Shaft
Position
Inlet
Temperature
Thermal Offset Calculations for Outlet Drive Blowers
(Note: Motor is higher than blower. Offset will be positive number.)
On an outlet drive blower, it is necessary to set the motor shaft higher than the blower shaft
when cold to compensate for thermal growth on the drive end of the blower. To find the offset
for the motor feet:
From zero in the cold position, add:
Outlet drive motor front feet (F) = [(C+B)/B] x E
Outlet drive motor rear feet (G) = [(B+C+D)/B] x E
F and G are measured in thousandths of an inch. This is the amount to add to the feet of the
motor once the alignment is zeroed under cold conditions.
CF-0996001 Page 15
SECTION III
Operation
A.
Pre Start-up Checks
□1
Visible damage (see Section I).
Check for any evidence of shipping
and/or installation damages, such as
cracked castings, scrapes, bent tie
rods, etc.
□2.
Verify proper installation (see
Section II). Vibration pads installed;
sufficient foundation; no grout; not
bolted down; piping correctly installed
and isolated from unit; inlet filters
installed; all piping blind flanges
removed. Be sure all motor and
machine hold down bolts have been
tightened securely.
□3.
Coupling alignment (see Section II)
Alignment of the motor/machine must
always be checked prior to initial
start-up. Alignment is the responsibility of the installer or owner.
□4.
Belt alignment (see Section II)
Always re-align sheaves and
re-tension belts prior to initial start-up.
Be sure belts are clean and dry.
Re-check belt tension after the first
couple of hours of operation.
□5.
Lubrication (see Section IV)
Lubricate motor bearings per manufacturer’s recommendations. Blower
bearings on grease-lubricated
machines have been sufficiently
lubricated for approximately 1500
hours of normal operation. Verify that
no water condensation has collected
in the bearing housing by removing
the housing cover and inspecting for
moisture inside. If water is present,
Gardner
Denver
recommends
replacing the bearings to insure
warranty coverage in the event of
bearing failure. Consult factory. Do
not attempt to repair machine during
the warranty period.
Bearings of oil-lubricated machines
require addition of recommended oil
to the bearing reservoirs.
New
machines have sight glasses and are
shipped with oil (Note: export units
are shipped dry). Oil must be added
to the proper level, which is to the
middle of the bull’s -eye.
□6.
Safety guards
Couplings (or belt on belt drive) and
motor fan guards should always be in
place and tightened securely during
operation. Do not operate machine
with motor junction box open or any
other electrical safeguard not in
place. Make sure all starters or motor
control centers are locked out when
working on blower or motor.
□7.
Electrical connections
Motor must be wired per data plate
and the control panel connected per
electrical drawing. All accessories
such as valves, actuators, temperature sensors, etc. must be correctly
wired per manufacturer’s instruction.
Unless otherwise noted in the
manufacturer’s instructions, Gardner
Denver recommends the following
field wiring:
CF-0996001 Page 16
120VAC - #14 AWG THHN
24VDC - #14 AWG THHN
Vibration Sensors (4-20 mA output) –
2 conductor shielded #18 AWG
Belden 9318 or equal.
100 Ohm Platinum RTD Sensors – 3
conductor shielded #18 AWG Belden
9553 or equal
Current transformer (0-5A output) #12 AWG THHN (There is a distance
restriction between the current
transformer and control panel.
Please consult the control panel
drawing for specific distance restrictions).
8.
Initial start-up checklist
… Have you cleared with Operations personnel?
… No downstream maintenance being performed?
… Shaft spins freely by hand?
… All coupling guards and safety devices in place?
… Diffuser valves open, if applicable?
… Outlet butterfly valve to open?
… Inlet butterfly valve minimum stop or closed?
… All instrumentation properly wired and terminated to control panel, if applicable?
… Piping system ready for flow of air or gas?
… Atmospheric bypass valves open, if present?
… Energize control panel?
… Momentarily “bump” motor to verify proper rotation as indicated by arrow cast into
inlet head.
… Verify proper lubrication of blower, driver and, where applicable, Gardner Denver
supplied butterfly valves and couplings that require lubrication.
CF-0996001 Page 17
B. Operation
Press start button. Unit should reach
full motor RPM in approximately 10
seconds. If not, de-energize control
panel and investigate.
•
•
When full motor RPM is reached and
amperage draw decreases, slowly open
inlet butterfly valve to achieve desired
airflow (or amps). This should be done
in less than 30 seconds.
Allow machine to reach its operating
temperature (see next page) and
readjust flow rates as they may have
decreased due to temperature variations.
•
Adjust bypass valves (if present).
•
Monitor vibration and temperature levels
at the bearing housings and note any
drastic or constant increases.
NOTICE
Motor starting amperage draw will momentarily
indicate full scale on ammeter (if supplied).
1. Shutdown (normal and emergency)
-
-
2. Operating temperatures
Although they may vary depending on size
of unit and application, normal operating
levels are:
It is the nature of centrifugal
compressors to run hot due to heat of
compression and internal friction
caused by movement of air. The
higher temperatures will be on the
discharge end of the machine. The
following information will serve as a
guide in determining acceptable
temperature limitations under normal
operating conditions. For specific
applications or operating temperatures outside the figures shown,
contact the factory.
Vibration: Less than 0.28 IPS (1.5 mils) in
the vertical and horizontal plane at each end
of blower.
It is important to note that Gardner Denver
tests each machine prior to shipping.
Vibration acceptance criteria for testing are
0.24 IPS (1.25 mils) vertical, horizontal and
axial planes on each bearing housing.
Testing is done under ideal conditions. In
actual job site operating conditions this
value may not be attainable.
Press stop button.
Open bypass valves (if present).
In the event of an electrical
malfunction during an emergency
shutdown, de-energizing the control
panel is recommended.
Do not restart blower after a
shutdown or momentary power
interruption until motor/blower
shafts have stopped rotating
completely.
Rolling restart can
cause severe damage.
3. Bearing temperatures
1. ShutdownN(normal
O T I and
C Eemergency)
- Press stop button.
It is normal to hear “clacking” of the
check valve during coast-down.
CF-0996001 Page 18
Bearings used in your Gardner
Denver
centrifugal
blower
are
designed to operate continuously in
temperatures in excess of 200 ºF
(93 ºC). If bearing temperature monitors are not supplied, check bearing
housing temperatures periodically
and notify Gardner Denver Service if
readings exceed 220ºF (104ºC).
Normal operating temperatures for
bearings are under 200ºF (93ºC)
when operated with inlet gas
temperature of 100°F and below.
4. Discharge air temperature
Under normal operating conditions,
using ambient or atmospheric air,
typical discharge air temperatures
can also exceed 200ºF (93ºC)
measured in the discharge air stream
or on the surface of the discharge
(outlet) head. Use only discharge
pipe and piping accessories rated for
high temperature (300 ºF/149 ºC).
Discharge temperature is affected by
many factors including efficiency,
flow, pressure, altitude, etc., so it is
difficult to determine the exact discharge temperature the user can
expect.
Generally speaking, Gardner Denver
discharge air temperatures should not
exceed 250 ºF (121 ºC). If temperature is excessive, consult factory.
Failure to do so could void the machine warranty.
CAUTION
If your Gardner Denver centrifugal blower
is being used in a hot application such as
steam recompression, or a similar
application where inlet temperatures
exceed 200 ºF (93 ºC), the machine must
be preheated slowly to 180 ºF (82 ºC)
minimum, prior to introduction of hot
process air, gas or vapor.
Sudden
introduction of above without preheating
can cause serious damage to the machine
and will void the factory warranty.
C. Control Systems Tests
Surge Control Function Test (if surge
control devices supplied).
• Bring the machine up to operating speed.
• Set trip point slightly above surge point
on meter. Different types of meters
require different set-up procedures.
Consult factory for specifications.
• With machine operating normally, slowly
close throttle valve and observe amp
reading. When amperage falls to surge
set point, motor should drop out. If not,
check to see that the current transformer
has been installed with the number of
turns identified on the control panel
drawing.
NOTICE
NOTICE
A NOTE ON NOISE…Every effort has been
made to keep the noise level of operating
equipment below 85 dBA, the current
acceptable limit mandated by OSHA.
Although hearing protection is not required
by law, the manufacturer suggests the use of
hearing protection when operating this
equipment.
Ship-loose current transformers that provide
surge/overload protection are supplied with
control systems. Please consult control
panel drawings to determine the correct
number of turns of the motor lead through the
current transformer. Gardner Denver
recommends installing current transformers
in the motor control center. Consult factory if
current transformer installation information is
not readily available.
CF-0996001 Page 19
Current
Transformer
2 Primary
Turns
1 Primary
Turn
Overload Protection Test
• On units with motor overload protection, a
high AMPS trip point is also on the meter.
This adjustment varies with the type of
meter used. Consult factory for details.
• With machine in full operation, adjust the
meter, decreasing the set point until it is
less than the meter reading. The overload alarm will sound and/or shutdown will
occur.
• Be sure all horns, lights, etc. respond
properly to the overload condition.
Bearing Temperature Monitors
• Most Gardner Denver thermal protection
systems are calibrated and preset at the
factory to alarm at 220 ºF and trip at
230 ºF (110 ºC). This high limit bearing
temperature set point is sufficient for all
Gardner Denver equipment and must not
be adjusted.
Installation Drawing for Current Transformer
Amperage Test
• Check
meter for correct amperage
reading.
• Compare actual amperage draw of the
motor with that registered on the meter.
• With machine in full operation, use a
“clamp-on” ammeter to measure actual
amperage draw at motor or motor starter.
This amount should be reasonably close
to that registered on the meter (within
5%).
CAUTION
Surge is defined as the “unstable” flow of air
through a machine. It can be caused by a lack of
air into, or a restriction of air out of, a blower or
exhauster.
Surge is harmful to centrifugal
machines because the heat of compression within
the blower is not allowed to be carried off,
resulting in the aluminum impellers expanding to
touch the inside walls of the cast iron housing.
The heavy pulsating action of a unit in surge will
cause the bearings and machine to fail. In some
cases where
heavy surge
Overload
Protection
Test is experienced, a
centrifugal machine can fail within a matter of
minutes. See page 28 for more on surge.
Vibration Monitor System
• Vibration sensors must be installed
securely to the blower with all wires
shielded and secured according to
manufacturer’s recommendations.
• Verify the alarm and trip set points are set
in accordance with manufacturer’s
recommendations. Gardner Denver
recommends maximum settings of 0.4 IPS
for alarm and 0.75 IPS for shut-down.
• Test of vibration protection system varies
with each manufacturer. Therefore,
consult manufacturer’s installation manual
for correct procedure of verifying proper
operation.
Controls
• When Smartmeter, Multiguard or MDOCS
systems are purchased, specific user
manuals for these controls will be
furnished.
Overload protection test
CF-0996001 Page 20
SECTION IV
Bearing
Lubrication
•
Proper maintenance and lubrication are
extremely important to ensure long, reliable
service from your Gardner Denver machine.
Gardner Denver centrifugals are lubricated
using grease or oil. The most common
causes of overheating, noise and premature
bearing failure are over-lubricating, use of
the wrong type of lubricant or use of
contaminated lubricant.
A. Oil Lubrication
Gardner Denver centrifugal blowers are
supplied with sight glasses as standard or
optional oilers. Gardner Denver blowers use
Gardner Denver AEON CF-46 Lubricant.
Use of any other oil without explicit approval
of the Gardner Denver Service Department
will automatically VOID THE MACHINE
WARRANTY. Prior to starting, the oil
reservoirs must be filled to the proper level.
AEON CF-46 is the standard lubricant and is
recommended for most applications. AEON
CF-150 may be used for those applications
with a blower discharge air/gas temperature
of 250 ºF or higher.
CAUTION
Gardner Denver Blowers/ Exhausters that are grease lubricated are shipped with the
bearings pre-lubricated. Oil Lubricated Blowers/ Exhausters must have oil added to the
bearing reservoirs prior to start-up. Do not overfill. Fill only to full mark on sight-glass.
GD AEON CENTRIFUGAL BLOWER LUBRICANTS
Hydraulic and circulation oils with corrosion, foaming, oxidation and rust inhibitors.
Name ...................................................................... GD AEON CF-46
GD AEON CF-150
Specific gravity, ASTM D 4052, 15ºC/15ºC ............. 0.85
0.86
Pour point................................................................ -48 º C (-54 º F)
-45 ºC (-49 ºF)
Viscosity index, ASTM D 2270 ................................ 135
144
Viscosity .................................................................. 48 cSt @ 40 ºC
143 cSt @ 40 ºC
Part No.
Available in:
Bottle, 1 quart
Case of 12 quarts
BC3018120000
BC3018220000
Part No.
300RGA786
303RGA786
AEON CF oil may be purchased from your Blower/Exhauster supplier or directly from Gardner
Denver, Peachtree City, Georgia. (770) 632-5000
CF-0996001 Page 21
CAUTION
Add the oil slowly so it can drain off the internal parts. DO NOT OVERFILL.
Oil Lubrication
Frequency
Standard Conditions
6 months/ 4000 Hrs.
Severe Conditions
3 months/ 2000 Hrs.
Extreme Conditions
1 month/ 1000 Hrs.
FIGURE 12
1. To check the sight glass oil level:
a. Stop the unit and allow it to come to
a complete stop.
b. Sight glasses are located on both
sides of the reservoir. The oil level is
at the proper level when it is within
the center of the glass.
c. To add oil to the reservoir housing,
remove the filler/breather filter
located on top of the reservoir. Add
oil through this hole until the oil has
reached the proper level as indicated
by the sight glass (See Figure 12).
B. Grease Lubrication
Over-greasing can be more dangerous than under-greasing. For this
reason, Gardner Denver does not
recommend use of permanently installed grease fittings, which invite
over-greasing.
A special high speed grease, Gardner
Denver AEON Centrifugal Blower
Lubricating Grease, is required in
Gardner Denver grease-lubricated
CF-0996001 Page 22
machines. Use of any other type of
grease without explicit approval of
Gardner Denver Service Department
will automatically void the machine
warranty. Gardner Denver AEON
Centrifugal Blower Lubricating
Grease may be purchased from the
supplier of the blower/exhauster or
directly from Gardner Denver Customer Service at (770) 632-5000.
AEON
Lubricating
Grease
is
formulated using a polyalphaolefin
synthetic base fluid with a high quality
lithium complex thickener to provide
outstanding protection against wear,
rust corrosion and high temperature
degradation.
Since different types of grease may
not be compatible, it is important not
to mix various products. Use of
different types of grease may lead to
early bearing failure.
Prior to shipment, blower/exhauster
bearings are adequately lubricated. If
three months or more have elapsed
since shipment from the Gardner
Denver factory, remove bearing housing
covers and inspect for moisture due to
condensation.
Greasing Procedure:
1. With the machine fully stopped, remove
bearing cover and plugs.
2. Remove all old grease from face of
bearings, housing and cover using a
clean rag. It is not necessary to remove
bearings.
3. Remove plug on back side of bearing
housing. Apply grease into this port
forcing old grease from bearing. Wipe
excess from bearing and install small
amount into cap.
4. Reinstall plugs and bearing cover and
start unit.
Gardner Denver AEON Centrifugal Lubricating Grease
NLGI grade ..................................................................................................................................................... No. 2
Thickener type ........................................................................................................................... Lithium Complex
Penetration, Worked, 25°C, ASTM D217 .........................................................................................................280
Dropping point, ASTM D2265..................................................................................................................... 275 ºC
4-Ball Weld, ASTM D 2596, Load, kg ...............................................................................................................250
Viscosity of oil, ASTM D445 .........................................................................................................100 cSt @ 40°C
Temperature range........................................................................................ –58 ºF to 350 ºF (-50 ºC to 177 ºC)
Available in: Case of 12 – 5 ounce tubes
Case of 12 – 14 ounce cartridges
Part No.
304RGA786
305RGA786
Series
Full Replacement
Periodic Addition
310, 400
1.6 oz. (45 g)
1 oz. (28 g)
510, 550, 42
3.1 oz. (87 g)
2 oz. (56 g)
850, 732, 741, 742
5.5 oz. (154 g)
3 oz. (84 g)
870,1260,1270
7.0 oz. (196 g)
4 oz. (112 g)
CF-0996001 Page 23
Operating Conditions and Grease Lubrication Intervals
Operating Conditions
Lubrication Frequency
Standard
Up to 24 hours per day
in a clean environment.
Normal or light loading.
Every 6 months or 3000 hrs.
Severe
24 hours per day in a
dirty or dusty environment.
Every 3 months or 1500 hrs.
Extreme
Same conditions as “Severe”
but with heavy dust or
vibration.
Every month or 750 hrs.
SECTION V
Maintenance
Gardner Denver offers a full range of factory
technician maintenance programs at very
competitive prices. Consult Gardner Denver
Service for details and warranty extension
programs.
Simple maintenance procedures will help
prolong the life of your Gardner Denver
blower:
A. Periodically inspect foundation and
correct if deficiencies are found. Check
for level condition and correct as
necessary.
B. Check condition of isolation pads and
replace as necessary (recommended
every 3 years).
C. Periodically check all valves in the
system. A stuck or broken valve can
cause severe damage to equipment.
D. Alignment should be checked and
corrected yearly (twice yearly in northern
climates).
E. Check pipe supports and adjust if
necessary.
F. Keep equipment clean. If machine is oillubricated, be sure to keep oiler bottle or
sight glass clean so oil, or lack of, can
be seen. Keep oil breather clean to
prevent leaks.
G. Review motor Operating & Maintenance
manual for all pre start-up requirements,
including lubrication. Follow motor
manufacturer’s recommendations for
motor maintenance.
H. Vibration readings and bearing temperature readings should be taken periodically to monitor the condition of the
machine bearings, which are the most
critical component in the machine. If
necessary equipment is not available,
consult Factory Service Department.
CF-0996001 Page 24
SECTION VI
Service
There are some service functions that can
be performed easily on your Gardner
Denver centrifugal blower. These include
bearing changes, seal changes, coupling
service and some other external type
repairs.
Failure to notify Gardner Denver prior to
working on your centrifugal blower for
any reason within the warranty period
will void the factory warranty.
NOTICE
Gardner Denver has Bearing Kits and Seal Kits
available in stock for immediate shipment.
These kits contain all the items and instructions
required for complete bearing and seal changes
on both ends of the machine. To place an order,
please call Customer Service at (770) 632-5000.
-
WARNING
Major repairs usually require dismantling of
the machine. This should only be performed
by a Factory Service Technician. In all cases,
you should contact Gardner Denver Service
in Peachtree City, Georgia (770) 632-5000.
CF-0996001 Page 25
SECTION VII
Troubleshooting Guide
PROBLEM: Low Air Flow or Loss of Pressure
1. Incorrect machine rotation
• Check arrow on inlet
5. Foundation
• The blower shall rest on a solid, level, flat
surface such that it will support the weight of
the unit.
6. Unsupported piping
• The piping system must be adequately
supported above the flexible connections.
2. Restricted inlet piping
• Valve not fully open
• Dirty filters
• Shipping covers not removed
7. Loose hold-down bolts
• The motor and machine hold-down bolts may
have loosened.
3. Partially blocked outlet piping
• Open all outlet valves
• Check valve installed properly
• Clogged diffusers
4. Instrumentation not reading accurately
8. Foreign material in machine
• Liquids (such as water, etc.)
• Hardware (such as bolts, filter pieces, etc.)
5. Verify motor wiring
• Incorrect voltage
• Incorrect phasing
9. Surge
• Operating in the surge range
• Blocked inlet or outlet piping
6. Increased inlet temperature
10. Motor vibration
• Improper voltage
• Failing motor bearings
• Imbalance within motor (such as broken fan,
etc.)
7. Increased inlet pressure
8. Improper design or assembly of the piping
system
11. Blower/Exhauster bearings
• Damaged during replacement
• Over-lubrication or wrong type of lubricant
• Wrong type of bearings
• Inadequate storage maintenance
9. Foreign material in machine
PROBLEM: Excessive Vibration
1. Baseplate must never be bolted down or grouted
in
2. Isolation pads
• Positioned incorrectly
• Improperly sized
• Poor condition
3. Expansion joints
• Machine must be isolated from system piping
by flexible sleeves or expansion joints.
NEVER bolt piping directly to blower.
4. Misalignment
• The number one cause of excessive vibration
in Gardner Denver equipment.
12. Coupling
• Improper lubrication
• Incorrect shaft spacing
• Imbalance (such as damaged coupling or
wrong size key)
• Loosened set screws
13. Imbalance
• Motor (due to rotor, bearings or fan)
• Coupling
• Rotor (due to impellers, shaft or bearings)
PROBLEM: Oil Leakage
1.
Oil level too high
• Operator or maintenance personnel
overfilling reservoir
• Improper oil level adjustment
CF-0996001 Page 26
2.
Wrong type of oil (use recommended oils ONLY)
•
3.
Breather vent clogged or vent hose clogged or
pinched
4.
Labyrinth or carbon ring seal leaking excessively
•
•
•
5.
Incorrect bearing assembly
• Oil slinger bent or not positioned properly
• Housing gasket loosened or damaged
• Gasket blocking oil return hole
• Brass labyrinth seal oil drain holes not at
bottom
• Labyrinth loose in bearing housing
6.
Oil reservoir glass cracked
7.
Loose connections to oiler
8.
Oilers located on wrong side of machine
9.
Oil return holes plugged
10. Machine not level
PROBLEM: Overheating
1.
2.
3.
Overheating Machine
• Surge
• Inadequate air flow
• Clogged intake air filters
• Incorrect use of discharge valve to control
flow
Overheating Bearings
• Damaged bearings
• Excessive lubrication or wrong type
• Incorrect class of bearings
• Improper assembly procedure
• High ambient temperatures
• Worn housing
• Worn retainer
Improperly tensioned belts on v-belt drive
systems
Bearing failure
Too frequent starting
Motor fan rotation incorrect
PROBLEM: Repeated Bearing Failures
1.
Not using Gardner Denver bearings
2.
Not using Gardner Denver recommended
lubricant
3.
Excessive lubrication or lack of lubrication
4.
Improper assembly
• Correct number of bearing shims
• Wavy washer positioned properly
• Oil and grease slingers positioned properly
• All gaskets to original thickness specs
5.
Bearing housings worn excessively, shaft journal
worn
6.
Coupling alignment
• Coupling manufacturer specs followed for:
a) hub-to-hub spacing
b) shaft-to-shaft axial clearance
c) lubrication (if required)
7. Shafts not rotated weekly on idle units
8.
NOTE: Many non-mechanical problems can
lead to frequent or repeated bearing failure.
They may include improper installation,
application or operation of machine.
PROBLEM: Surge
Overheating Motor
• High ambient temperatures
• Incorrect voltage
• Unbalanced voltage supply
• Restricted air flow (for cooling)
• Motor overloaded – motor too small for
system
1.
Restricted inlet piping
2.
Blocked outlet piping
3.
Increased fluid level in aeration tank or process
differential pressure
4.
System imbalance
5.
Incorrect valving or valve timing.
CF-0996001 Page 27
SECTION VIII
Surge in Centrifugal Blowers
Surge is a phenomenon that happens when
airflow through a centrifugal blower is
reduced to a point beyond the maximum
peak pressure of the blower.
As flow is reduced, pressure rises until the
maximum pressure point is reached. As
flow is further reduced, pressure then drops
below this peak point, and the downstream
pressure blows back into the blower. This
creates a pulsation inside the machine, a
very unstable condition.
As the illustration shows, when flow is reduced to the area left of the surge line, pressure and flow drop, creating an
unstable condition.
CF-0996001 Page 28
The following things happen to blowers in
surge:
1. Pulsation of air in and out of blower
causes undue stress on rotor and
bearings
• Thrust loading on bearings is greatly
increased
• Instability, when severe enough, can
cause rotor displacement (movement)
•
Bearing failure can also cause rotor
to become eccentric, causing failure
axially and radially
Damage caused by surge is usually
indicated by one or more of the
following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
2. Loss of flow through the machine and
higher pressure increases heat inside the
machine
• As pressure approaches peak, heat
increases due to heat of compression
• Lower flow (or no flow) inhibits
machine’s ability to carry internal heat
out of machines
• Increase in heat can compromise
close radial clearances of impeller
diameters
• Impellers can actually hit casing,
causing severe damage
Some things that can cause surge are:
Severe damage to impellers
Collision of the aluminum and cast
iron surfaces is catastrophic
Bearing failure
Possible shaft damage (discoloration,
scoring, deflection)
Discoloration of blower components
due to high temperatures
Aluminum in the inlet head of blower
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Dirty or plugged intake filters
Faulty or inoperable valves
Incorrect valve settings
Piping restrictions; pipes too small
Improperly sized blow-off
Downstream pressure or resistance in
excess of blower’s maximum pressure
capability
Reduction in speed, causing lower
flows
Upstream restrictions in piping or
process
CF-0996001 Page 29
APPENDIX A
WARRANTY, REPAIR & TECHNICAL FIELD SERVICES
POLICY:
The services of a technician or engineer from Gardner Denver Engineered Products Division to inspect
or repair a machine in the field, whether under warranty or not, are subject to a service charge. A firm
commitment in the form of a hard copy purchase order will be required before the technician or engineer
leaves from any of our US offices. For Domestic and International technical field services, contact
Gardner Denver (770-632-5000) for current rates and expense charges.
A Purchase order or a signed letter of intent must be faxed to the Service Department at
770-631-0765 before any service can be performed.
If the machine in question is under warranty and inspection by the Gardner Denver technician or
engineer reveals a defect or deficiency for which the factory is accountable, the service charge will be
rescinded. However, if in the judgment of the technician or engineer the factory is not accountable for
whatever defect or deficiency exists, then the service charge will apply. Gardner Denver terms and
conditions will apply to all field service work.
PARTS:
Any parts used for service will be billed at the prevailing prices unless repair is being covered under
warranty. All parts are shipped Ex Works factory.
MATERIAL RETURN POLICY
Request to return merchandise must be in writing, listing full identification and quantities for each item.
Reference must be made to the invoice number, as well as the purchase order number, against which
the merchandise in question was purchased. Only standard materials or equipment will be considered
for return. Sales of customized or modified equipment are final and not subject to return. Material
approved for return must be in a new or unused condition. Quantities as verified by the Gardner Denver
Engineered Products Division Receiving Department will be accepted as final. Terms of shipment must
be prepaid, FOB destination. Any damage incurred in transit will be charged to the account of the
shipper.
There will be a minimum 25% handling and restocking charge for materials returned and accepted in
first class condition. (Minimum charge of $100.00). No credit memorandum will be issued where the net
amount involved is less than $100.00 except where an error made by Gardner Denver Engineered
Products Division is being corrected.
In the event that material returned does not satisfy the criteria established for acceptance, the customer
will be given the option of accepting a reduced allowance for the material or having it returned to them at
their expense.
PROCEDURE
Materials shipped in to Gardner Denver must bear an authorized return number supplied by the Gardner
Denver Engineered Products Division and must be clearly marked with all pertinent information. Any
shipment made to Gardner Denver Engineered Products Division without due authorization will incur a
further charge of $100.00 for handling and processing.
CF-0996001 Page 30
APPENDIX B
TERMS AND CONDITIONS
EXCEPT AS OTHERWISE AGREED IN WRITING, THESE TERMS AND CONDITIONS GOVERN ALL OUR CONTRACTS TO THE EXCLUSION OF OTHER TERMS AND CONDITIONS. OUR
QUOTATIONS AND ESTIMATES ARE NOT OFFERS CAPABLE OF ACCEPTANCE BY YOU, AND ANY ORDER PLACED BY YOU WILL ONLY BE ACCEPTED BY OUR WRITTEN
CONFIRMATION OF SUCH ORDER.
GENERAL PROVISIONS
1.
The definition of terms used, interpretation of this agreement and rights of parties hereto shall be construed under and governed by the Uniform Commercial Code of the State of Illinois.
“Seller” when used herein means GARDNER DENVER, INC. “Purchaser” when used herein means the person, firm or corporation to whom this quotation is addressed. And “Equipment” or
“Products” means those articles, supplies, and drawings, data or other property or services described herein.
2.
All quotations are for immediate acceptance and subject to change or withdrawal without notice before an order is acknowledged by Seller. This proposal shall not become effective until
accepted by an authorized employee of the Seller. This proposal cannot be changed or varied by any verbal agreement. If this proposal is deemed to constitute an offer, it may be accepted
only on terms set forth in this proposal, including, without limitation, these Terms and Conditions. If this proposal constitutes an acceptance of an offer, such acceptance is expressly
conditioned on Purchaser’s assent solely to the terms of proposal, including, without limitation, these Terms and Conditions. An acceptance of any part of the Equipment or services covered
hereunder shall be deemed to constitute such assent. Any additional and/or different terms and conditions proposed by Purchaser and/or any attempt by Purchaser to vary any of these
terms and conditions shall be deemed a material alteration and is hereby objected to and rejected.
3.
Unless otherwise agreed by Seller in writing, Seller’s prices are subject to change without advance notice at any time prior to order acknowledgment. Seller reserves the right to adjust the
invoice price, after the price is quoted and/or acknowledged, to take account of any material variation in Seller’s costs beyond Seller’s reasonable control since the date of the quotation or (if
no quotation is issued) the order acknowledgement, and the invoice so adjusted shall be payable as if the price set out therein were the original contract price. All sales are subject to
increase without notification by the amount of any sales or excise tax levied or charged by any governmental agency and are subject to any price adjustment necessitated by Seller’s
compliance with any government action.
4.
All sales under all orders and these terms and conditions are subject to Seller and/or Government priorities, laws and regulations, now or hereafter established.
5.
The Seller reserves the right to change, discontinue or modify the design and construction of any product or to substitute material equal to or superior to that originally specified, without
notice to the Purchaser.
6.
All claims by Purchaser for shortages in a shipment of Equipment or Equipment damaged in transit must be made against the carrier. All claims by Purchaser against Seller for
nonconforming Equipment and claims for shortages in a shipment or damaged Equipment (other than claims to be made against the carrier) must be made in writing to Seller within ten (10)
days after receipt of shipment or thirty (30) days after date of shipment, whichever occurs first, or they are waived.
7.
Any action for breach of the contract hereunder must be commenced within one year after the cause of action has accrued. Only variations or modifications to the contract, which are made
in writing signed by Seller and Purchaser, shall be enforceable. Any failure by Seller to enforce its rights under this contract will not be deemed a waiver of such rights.
8.
All disputes arising under or in connection with this Contract shall be resolved by (a) good-faith negotiations by knowledgeable, responsible representatives of each party who are fully
authorized to settle any such dispute, or (b) in the event such negotiations do not resolve such dispute, binding arbitration held in Chicago, Illinois, by a single arbitrator pursuant to the
Commercial Arbitration Rules of the American Arbitration Association. Each party shall bear its own costs of these procedures; the parties shall equally split the fees of the arbitration and
the arbitrator. Notwithstanding the above, either party shall have the right to seek a temporary restraining order or an injunction related to the purposes of this Contract, to compel
compliance with confidentiality obligations, or to file suit to compel compliance with this dispute resolution process.
9.
Purchaser may not assign, novate or otherwise transfer its rights or obligations under this contract without Seller’s prior written consent, and any attempt to do so shall be null and void and
of no effect.
10. The minimum order value is $100.00.
CANCELLATION
Purchaser cannot cancel orders under any circumstances without Purchaser first reaching an agreement in writing with Seller covering all Sellers’ damages. For standard Equipment
(catalogue equipment, ordinarily carried in stock), such agreement shall provide, at a minimum, a cancellation charge of at least 15% of the purchase price of the goods covered by the
cancelled orders to cover overhead and profit. In addition, for special Equipment (i.e., equipment manufactured per Purchaser’s requirements, and not stocked as a standard product),
cancellation charges must, at a minimum, reimburse Seller for all expenses incurred (including but not limited to costs of purchased materials), engineering costs, and an amount to cover
overhead and profit, and will based on the following schedule of minimum values, whichever is greater: Order Entry --- 10% of purchase order value; Completion of Engineering --- 25% of
purchase order value; Materials on Order --- 50% of purchase order value; Fabrication Started --- 100% of purchase order value.
ENGINEERING CRITERIA
The Equipment furnished by Seller are sophisticated engineering products; accordingly, Purchaser undertakes:
1.
That it has provided and will promptly provide all the information reasonably necessary to enable Seller to (i) evaluate the requirements for performing and (ii) perform the Contract, and that
all such information is full and accurate;
2.
That all premises, plant, engineering support, spare parts, connected pipe work and machinery and inputs that it is required to provide for the design, engineering, installation, testing and
use of the Products are fit for their purpose and of good engineering quality;
3.
Fully to co-operate with Seller in the design, engineering, installation, testing and use of the Products;
4.
To use the Products for the intended purpose only and in accordance with the Product literature; and
5.
Not under any circumstances, to use any unapproved spare part, connected machinery, service or repair or use the Products in any manner as may render the Products dangerous and
agrees that any breach of these negative criteria will negate all specific and implied conditions and obligations on the part of Seller relating to the quality of the Products.
Purchaser further agrees that it will be liable to Seller for any costs, expenses and losses it suffers by reason of any breach of these undertakings.
DRAWINGS, DESIGNS AND CONFIDENTIALITY
1.
All of Seller’s specifications, designs, drawings, indications of physical, chemical and electronic properties and indications of inlet pressure or vacuum, pressure output and power
consumptions (“the Designs”) are made in good faith and are approximate indications only and are not binding in detail unless Purchaser has specified in writing a particular indication upon
which he is relying and Seller shall be entitled to vary the same and/or to correct errors and omissions provided the Products remain in substantial conformity with the contractual
requirements.
2.
The Designs (including all copyright, design right and other intellectual property in them) shall as between the parties be the property of Seller; and Purchaser is not entitled to make any use
of the Designs other than for the purpose of this Contract.
3.
Any inventions, modifications, improvements, techniques or know-how affecting the Products made or gained in the course of performing this Contract shall belong to Seller absolutely.
4.
Neither party shall disclose to third parties or use for its own purposes any confidential information or trade secrets of the other party.
SHIPMENT, PAYMENT AND CREDIT
1.
Credit Terms of Payment: A. Domestic – Net thirty (30) days from date of invoice. Delinquent accounts shall bear interest at 18% per annum thereafter, until paid. Said interest rate shall be
reduced to the maximum permissible rate in any state having laws, which so require. B. International – Unless otherwise agreed to by the Seller’s Manager of Credit and Collection,
payment shall be in U.S. Funds by wire transfer or irrevocable Letter of Credit, confirmed by a major U.S. Bank. In addition to such late payment charges, Seller may add to the amount past
due any costs associated with collection thereof, including reasonable attorneys’ fees.
2.
Seller may, in its sole discretion, accept payment for Products by cash in advance or by money-down with scheduled progress payments, and unless Seller agrees otherwise in writing, in it’s
sole discretion, orders over $100,000 will be subject to progress payments.
3.
Shipments and deliveries shall be subject to approval of Seller’s Credit Department. If Purchaser fails to fulfill the terms of payment, or if at any time before payment in full is made (whether
or not payment is yet due) a petition is presented or resolution passed for the winding up or bankruptcy of Purchaser, or in the event of the appointment of a receiver or administrator of
Purchaser’s business, Seller may defer further shipment or at its option, cancel the unshipped balance. Seller reserves the right previous to making any shipments, to require from
Purchaser satisfactory security for performance of Purchaser’s obligation. No failure of Seller to exercise any right accruing from any default of Purchase shall impair administrator of
Purchaser’s business, Seller may defer further shipment or at its option, cancel the unshipped balance. Seller reserves the right previous to making any shipments, to require from
CF-0996001 Page 31
Purchaser satisfactory security for performance of Purchaser’s obligation. No failure of Seller to exercise any right accruing from any default of Purchase shall impair Seller’s right in case
of any shipment default of Purchaser.
4.
All sales are ex-works unless otherwise expressly stipulated. Seller may, in its discretion, select the carrier unless specified in advance by Purchaser.
5.
Seller’s responsibility for damages in transit ceases upon delivery of goods to destination specified in the Order and Purchaser then assumes responsibility for damage determination and
collection from carrier.
6.
While expected dates of delivery of goods are given in good faith, the same are not of the essence of or in any way terms of the contract or representations of fact. All shipping dates
given are approximate, and while effort is made to maintain schedules, Seller will not be liable for damages on account of delay. In case of delay by Purchaser in furnishing complete
schedules or information, delivery dates may be extended for a reasonable time depending on factory conditions. The Seller shall not be responsible for reasonable or excusable delays
nor shall the Purchaser refuse to accept delivery because of any such delays. Excusable delays include, without limitation, delays resulting from accidents, fires, floods, severe weather
or other acts of God, strike, lockout or other labor difficulties, embargoes, government controls or other forms of intervention, inability to obtain labor, materials or services and other
causes beyond Seller’s control. If there is a scarcity in any of its products or goods, Seller will allocate its available supply in its sole discretion.
7.
All Equipment or parts furnished by Seller shall remain the property of Seller until paid for in full. Pending payment of the full purchase price of the Equipment or parts furnished by Seller,
Purchaser shall at all times keep the Equipment or parts comprehensively insured against loss or damage by accident, fire, theft and other risks usually covered by insurance in the type
of business carried on by Purchaser in an amount at least equal to the balance of the price for the same from time to time remaining outstanding.
8.
Between delivery and payment in full, the risk in the Equipment furnished by Seller shall be with Purchaser, who shall keep the same in good condition and repair, properly stored and
labeled as being Seller’s property.
9.
In the event of Cancellation in accordance with the provisions hereof, or in the event of non-payment (in full or in part) for the Equipment by the due date, Purchaser hereby irrevocably
licenses Seller (insofar as it is able) to enter upon any premises to repossess the Equipment.
INDEMNITY
Purchaser will indemnify, defend and hold Seller, its affiliated companies and their respective directors, officers, employees and agents harmless from any loss, claim, cost, expense or
damage (including payment of reasonable attorneys’ fees) suffered or incurred by any of them and/or for which any of them may be liable to any third party due to, arising from or in
connection with, directly or indirectly:
(i.)
any violation of law, negligence, omission or intentional misconduct on the part of the Purchaser, its servants, agents or employees;
(ii.)
Purchaser’s instructions or lack of instructions or Purchaser’s failure or delay in taking delivery;
(iii.)
the breach of any provision of this Agreement by Purchaser; or
(iv.)
any infringement or alleged infringement of patents, trademarks, copyright, design, right or other intellectual property right occasioned by the importation, manufacture or sale
of the Equipment if made to the specification or special requirement of Purchaser.
LIABILITY
Seller’s total liability for any and all claims, damages, losses and injuries arising out of or relating to Seller’s performance or breach of any term herein
shall not exceed the purchase price of the Equipment. IN NO EVENT, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, SHALL SELLER BE
LIABLE FOR LIQUIDATED, INDIRECT, EXEMPLARY, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, EXPENSES OR COSTS,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO: (1) LOSS OF PROFITS, BUSINESS OR GOODWILL; (2) LOSS OF USE OF EQUIPMENT OR FACILITIES; OR
(3) LOSS RESULTING FROM UNUSABLE MACHINERY OR FACILITY DOWNTIME, HOWSOEVER CAUSED AND EVEN IF THE POTENTIAL FOR
SUCH DAMAGES WAS DISCLOSED AND/OR KNOWN.
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY
SELLER DOES NOT WARRANT THE MERCHANTABILITY OF ITS PRODUCTS AND DOES NOT WARRANT THE FITNESS OF THE PRODUCTS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
SELLER DOES NOT MAKE, AND HEREBY DISCLAIMS AND EXLUDES, ANY WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, OTHER THAN THE WARRANTY CONTAINED HEREIN. THERE
ARE NO WARRANTIES EXPRESS OR IMPLIED BEYOND THAT WHICH IS DESCRIBED BELOW.
WARRANTY OF GOODS MANUFACTURED BY SELLER
1.
Except to the extent Seller specifies another warranty period in writing, Seller warrants products and parts manufactured by it and sold hereunder to be free from material defect in
material and workmanship for a period of twelve (12) months from date of startup or eighteen (18) months from date of shipment whichever occurs sooner (the “Warranty Period”)
provided, however, that Seller’s sole responsibility under this warranty shall be to either repair or replace at Seller’s option, any part which fails during the Warranty Period because of a
defect in workmanship and material. Such replacement parts shall be provided at no cost to Purchaser, at the business establishment of Seller, or a repair facility authorized by Seller,
during regular working hours. No Equipment may be returned by Purchaser without Seller's prior written consent, and Seller will not be liable for costs incurred by Purchaser in connection
with returning equipment or parts, or otherwise, without Seller's prior written consent. Seller’s obligation under this warranty shall not include any transportation charges, cost of
installation, duty, taxes or any other charges whatsoever.
2.
Seller shall be under no liability for breach of the warranty set forth herein: (i) unless the Equipment has been properly installed, used, maintained and serviced; (ii) unless Purchaser has
promptly informed Seller in writing of the defect alleged within the Warranty Period and within 7 days of the discovery thereof; (iii) with respect to wearing and consumable parts; (iv) if
Purchaser places Products in long-term storage and fails to perform proper long-term storage preparations per Seller’s instructions; and/or (v) to Equipment or component parts or
accessories thereof not manufactured by Seller.
3.
Seller makes no representation regarding compliance with any state, provincial, or local law, rules, regulations, building code or ordinance relating to the installation or operation of the
Equipment.
4.
If the Purchaser informs the Seller of a defect after the Warranty Period has expired, then Seller may offer advice (free of charge) and may offer repair or replacement at Purchaser’s
expense. Any dispute as to whether a defect is covered by the Warranty shall be immediately referred to an expert to be agreed by Seller and Purchaser whose decision shall be final and
binding upon the parties.
5.
There are no third party beneficiaries of the Warranty granted by Seller herein.
WARRANTY OF OTHER MANUFACTURER’S PRODUCTS
Seller makes no warranties or representations of any kind whatsoever, either expressed, implied or statutory on any component parts or accessories sold hereunder which are not
manufactured by Seller. Seller hereby extends the manufacturer’s warranty or guaranties, if any, given to Seller by the manufacturer of said component parts and accessories, but only to
the extent Seller is able to enforce such warranty or guaranties. Seller does not guaranty warranties of other manufacturers’ products. Claims under any manufacturer’s warranty shall be
made in accordance with the manufacturer’s requirements regarding the return, repair or replacement of the goods. Seller agrees to use its best efforts and will cooperate with Purchaser
in enforcing any claims against manufacturer(s) for defects that may occur. Seller has not authorized any party to make any representation or warranty other than the above warranty
statements.
CONFLICTING LAW
Some jurisdictions provide rights in addition to those listed above, or do not allow the exclusion or limitation of implied warranties, or liability for incidental or consequential damages. If
any provision or part of a provision of these terms is found to be illegal, invalid or unenforceable under any applicable law, such provision or part of a provision shall, insofar as it is
severable (whether or not payment is yet due) a petition is presented or resolution passed for the winding up or bankruptcy of Purchaser, or in the event of the appointment of a receiver
or administrator of Purchaser’s business, Seller may defer further shipment or at its option, cancel the unshipped balance. Seller reserves the right previous to making any shipments, to
require from Purchaser satisfactory security for performance of Purchaser’s obligation. No failure of Seller to exercise any right accruing from any default of Purchase shall impair Seller’s
right in case of any shipment default of Purchaser. from the remaining terms, be deemed omitted from these terms and shall in no way affect the legality, validity or enforceability of the
remaining terms.
SPECIAL PROVISIONS
The Equipment or parts sold hereunder are not designed or manufactured for use in or with any atomic installation or activity. If Purchaser or the ultimate user of these products intends
to use them in such an installation or activity, Seller’s Terms for Nuclear Sales shall be a part of this Contract. Seller will furnish Purchaser with a copy of its Terms for Nuclear Sales upon
request .
CF-0996001 Page 32
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