1998-1999 Maintenance and Service Manual Supplement

1998-1999 Maintenance and Service Manual Supplement
1998-1999
Maintenance and
Service Manual
Supplement
PowerDrive Plus Vehicles
Manual Number 101968405
Edition Code 0299C1208B
FOREWORD
The Club Car PowerDrive Plus electric vehicle is engineered and built to provide the ultimate in performance
efficiency. However, timely and appropriate vehicle maintenance and repair is essential for long-term vehicle
performance and continued safe and reliable service.
This supplement provides detailed information for the maintenance and repair of PowerDrive Plus electric
vehicles and should be used in conjunction with the 1998/1999 DS Golf Car Maintenance and Service Manual, Publication Part No. 101968401. If you do not have the 1998/1999 DS Golf Car Maintenance and Service
Manual, you may order one from your local Club Car representative.
This supplement and the 1998/1999 DS Golf Car Maintenance and Service Manual should be thoroughly
reviewed prior to servicing the vehicle. The procedures provided herein must be properly implemented, and
the CAUTION, WARNING, and DANGER statements must be heeded.
This supplement was written for the vehicle technician who already possesses basic knowledge and skills in
electrical and mechanical repair. If the technician does not have such basic knowledge and skills, attempted
service or repairs to the vehicle may render the vehicle unsafe. For this reason, Club Car advises all repairs
and/or service be performed by an authorized Club Car distributor/dealer representative or by a Club Car factory trained technician.
This service supplement, along with the appropriate Maintenance and Service Manual, covers all aspects of
typical service requirements for the PowerDrive Plus electric vehicle. If you need additional information, you
may write to us at: Club Car, Inc.; P.O. Box 204658; Augusta, GA 30917 or contact a Club Car technical service representative at (706) 863-3000, ext. 3580.
©1999 Club Car, Inc.
Club Car, PowerDrive, PowerDrive Plus,
are registered trademarks of Club Car, Inc.
This manual effective August 18, 1997
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement
Page i
WARNING
• READ SECTION 1–SAFETY IN THE MAINTENANCE AND SERVICE MANUAL BEFORE
ATTEMPTING ANY SERVICE ON THIS VEHICLE.
• BEFORE SERVICING VEHICLE, READ COMPLETE SECTION(S) AND ANY REFERENCED
INFORMATION RELEVANT TO SERVICE OR REPAIR TO BE PERFORMED.
NOTE
• THIS MANUAL REPRESENTS THE MOST CURRENT INFORMATION AT THE TIME OF
PUBLICATION. CLUB CAR, INC. IS CONTINUALLY WORKING TO FURTHER IMPROVE OUR
VEHICLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS. THESE IMPROVEMENTS MAY AFFECT SERVICING
PROCEDURES. ANY MODIFICATION AND/OR SIGNIFICANT CHANGE IN SPECIFICATIONS OR
PROCEDURES WILL BE FORWARDED TO ALL CLUB CAR DISTRIBUTORS AND DEALERS AND
WILL, WHEN APPLICABLE, APPEAR IN FUTURE EDITIONS OF THIS MANUAL.
• DAMAGE TO A VEHICLE OR COMPONENT THEREOF NOT RESULTING FROM A DEFECT OR
WHICH OCCURS DUE TO UNREASONABLE OR UNINTENDED USE, OVERLOADING, ABUSE,
OR NEGLECT (INCLUDING FAILURE TO PROVIDE REASONABLE OR NECESSARY
MAINTENANCE AS INSTRUCTED IN THE VEHICLE OWNER’S MANUAL), ACCIDENT OR
ALTERATION,
INCLUDING
INCREASING
VEHICLE
SPEED
BEYOND
FACTORY
SPECIFICATIONS OR MODIFICATIONS WHICH AFFECT THE STABILITY OF THE VEHICLE OR
THE OPERATION THEREOF, WILL VOID THE WARRANTY.
• CLUB CAR, INC. RESERVES THE RIGHT TO CHANGE SPECIFICATIONS AND DESIGNS AT
ANY TIME WITHOUT NOTICE AND WITHOUT INCURRING ANY OBLIGATION OR LIABILITY
WHATSOEVER.
• THERE ARE NO WARRANTIES EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED IN THIS MANUAL. SEE THE LIMITED
WARRANTY FOUND IN THE VEHICLE OWNER’S MANUAL OR WRITE TO CLUB CAR, INC.
Page ii
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement
SECTION 10–PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
General Information ..........................................................................................................................
10-1
Daily Pre-Operation Safety Checklist ...............................................................................................
10-2
Periodic Service Schedule
.............................................................................................................
10-3
Lubrication ........................................................................................................................................
10-4
Vehicle Capacities ............................................................................................................................
10-4
SECTION 11–ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
General Information ..........................................................................................................................
11-1
Electrical Circuits ..............................................................................................................................
11-4
The Control Circuit .........................................................................................................................................
11-4
The Power Circuit ..........................................................................................................................................
11-7
Electric Motor .................................................................................................................................................
11-10
The Charge Circuit .........................................................................................................................................
11-10
Index of Test Procedures .................................................................................................................. 11-11
Diagnostic Flow Charts ..................................................................................................................... 11-11
Test Procedures ............................................................................................................................... 11-14
The Communication Display Module (CDM) .................................................................................... 11-22
Using The Cdm To Retrieve Data From The Onboard Computer .................................................................
11-23
CDM Troubleshooting Guide ............................................................................................................ 11-24
SECTION 12–ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Key Switch ........................................................................................................................................
12-2
Forward/Reverse (F&R) Rocker Switch ............................................................................................
12-3
Accelerator Pedal Limit Switch .........................................................................................................
12-4
Reverse Buzzer ................................................................................................................................
12-5
Main Solenoid ...................................................................................................................................
12-5
Dynamic Braking Solenoid ................................................................................................................
12-6
Onboard Computer (OBC) ................................................................................................................
12-7
Solid State Speed Controller ............................................................................................................
12-9
Charger Receptacle Assembly .........................................................................................................
12-9
Receptacle Fuse Link ....................................................................................................................................
12-10
Multi-step Potentiometer ................................................................................................................... 12-11
Multi-step Potentiometer Arm Adjustment .....................................................................................................
12-13
Multi-step Potentiometer Arm Brush Replacement ........................................................................................
12-14
Multi-step Potentiometer Adjustment .............................................................................................................
12-15
Resistors ........................................................................................................................................................
12-15
Battery Warning Light ....................................................................................................................... 12-16
Energy Displacement Module ........................................................................................................... 12-18
Tow/Run Switch ................................................................................................................................ 12-19
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement
Page iii
SECTION 13–BATTERIES
General Information .........................................................................................................................
13-1
Common Misconceptions About Batteries .......................................................................................
13-3
Replacing Batteries ..........................................................................................................................
13-4
Battery Care .....................................................................................................................................
13-5
Preventive Maintenance ................................................................................................................................
13-5
Self-Discharge ...............................................................................................................................................
13-5
Electrolyte Level ............................................................................................................................................
13-5
Mineral Content .............................................................................................................................................
13-6
Vibration Damage .........................................................................................................................................
13-6
Battery Charging ..............................................................................................................................
13-6
General Information ......................................................................................................................................
13-6
Charger Shuts Off After 16 Hours .................................................................................................................
13-7
Deep Discharge ............................................................................................................................................
13-7
Early Excessive Discharging .........................................................................................................................
13-7
Incoming AC Service .....................................................................................................................................
13-7
Fleet Rotation ................................................................................................................................................
13-7
Numbering Vehicles and Chargers ...............................................................................................................
13-7
Battery Testing .................................................................................................................................
13-8
Battery Charger Test .....................................................................................................................................
13-8
On-Charge Voltage Test ...............................................................................................................................
13-8
Hydrometer Test ...........................................................................................................................................
13-8
Discharge Test ..............................................................................................................................................
13-11
Battery Troubleshooting Examples ...............................................................................................................
13-13
Battery Storage ................................................................................................................................
13-14
Charging Battery Pack With Low Voltage ........................................................................................
13-14
SECTION 14–POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
General Information .........................................................................................................................
14-1
PowerDrive Charging Features .....................................................................................................................
14-2
Battery Warning Light ....................................................................................................................................
14-3
The Charge Circuit ...........................................................................................................................
14-3
Charger Installation and Use ............................................................................................................
14-3
Checking Battery Condition After A Charge Cycle ...........................................................................
14-7
Start Charge Cycle ........................................................................................................................................
14-7
Troubleshooting ...............................................................................................................................
14-8
Troubleshooting Guide
.............................................................................................................................
14-9
Test Procedures ...............................................................................................................................
14-12
General .........................................................................................................................................................
14-12
Plug and Cord Replacement ............................................................................................................
14-20
Charger Cord and Plug Replacement ...........................................................................................................
14-20
Page iv
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement
Charger Repairs ............................................................................................................................... 14-21
Heat Sink Assembly .......................................................................................................................................
14-21
Transformer ...................................................................................................................................................
14-22
Ammeter ........................................................................................................................................................
14-22
Fuse Link .......................................................................................................................................................
14-23
Voltage Suppressor .......................................................................................................................................
14-23
Charger Relay ................................................................................................................................................
14-24
Charger AC Circuit Breaker ...........................................................................................................................
14-25
Charger AC Cord ...........................................................................................................................................
14-25
SECTION 15–MOTOR
General Information ..........................................................................................................................
15-1
External Motor Testing ......................................................................................................................
15-2
Motor .................................................................................................................................................
15-3
Testing and Inspecting Individual Components ................................................................................
15-5
Armature ........................................................................................................................................................
15-5
Field Windings ...............................................................................................................................................
15-6
Motor Components ........................................................................................................................................
15-8
Bearing Inspection .........................................................................................................................................
15-8
Bearing Removal ...........................................................................................................................................
15-8
Guide Ring Inspection ....................................................................................................................................
15-8
Reconditioning the Motor ..................................................................................................................
15-9
Motor Assembly ................................................................................................................................ 15-10
Motor Installation .............................................................................................................................. 15-12
Motor Speed Sensor ......................................................................................................................... 15-12
SECTION 16–TRANSAXLE
General Information ..........................................................................................................................
16-2
Lubrication ........................................................................................................................................
16-2
Axle Shaft and Bearing .....................................................................................................................
16-2
Axle Shaft .......................................................................................................................................................
16-2
Axle Bearing ...................................................................................................................................................
16-6
Transaxle ..........................................................................................................................................
16-8
Transaxle Removal ........................................................................................................................................
16-8
Transaxle Disassembly, Inspection and Assembly ........................................................................... 16-10
Transaxle Disassembly and Inspection .........................................................................................................
16-10
Transaxle Assembly .......................................................................................................................................
16-12
Shimming the Transaxle ................................................................................................................................
16-14
Transaxle Installation ........................................................................................................................ 16-14
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement
Page v
Page vi
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement
10
SECTION 10–PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
WARNING
• IF ANY PROBLEMS ARE FOUND DURING SCHEDULED INSPECTION OR SERVICE, DO NOT OPERATE THE VEHICLE
UNTIL REPAIRS ARE MADE. FAILURE TO MAKE NECESSARY REPAIRS COULD RESULT IN FIRE, PROPERTY DAMAGE,
SEVERE PERSONAL INJURY, OR DEATH.
• ALWAYS WEAR SAFETY GLASSES OR APPROVED EYE PROTECTION WHILE SERVICING VEHICLE. WEAR A FULL FACE
SHIELD WHEN WORKING WITH BATTERIES.
• ONLY TRAINED MECHANICS SHOULD REPAIR OR SERVICE THIS VEHICLE. ANYONE DOING EVEN SIMPLE REPAIRS
OR SERVICE SHOULD HAVE KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERIENCE IN GENERAL ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL REPAIR.
FOLLOW ALL PROCEDURES EXACTLY AND HEED ALL WARNINGS STATED IN THIS MANUAL.
• TURN KEY SWITCH OFF, PLACE FORWARD/REVERSE ROCKER SWITCH IN THE NEUTRAL POSITION, AND REMOVE
KEY PRIOR TO SERVICING.
• MOVING PARTS! - DO NOT ATTEMPT TO SERVICE THE VEHICLE WHILE IT IS RUNNING.
• HOT! - DO NOT ATTEMPT TO SERVICE HOT MOTOR OR RESISTORS. FAILURE TO HEED THIS WARNING COULD
RESULT IN SEVERE BURNS.
• ALWAYS USE INSULATED TOOLS WHEN WORKING NEAR BATTERIES OR ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS.
• TO AVOID UNINTENTIONALLY STARTING THE VEHICLE, PLACE THE TOW SWITCH IN THE TOW POSITION AND
DISCONNECT BATTERIES AS SHOWN IN FIGURE 10-1, PAGE 10-2, THEN DISCHARGE THE CONTROLLER AS
FOLLOWS:
- PLACE THE FORWARD/REVERSE ROCKER SWITCH IN THE REVERSE POSITION AND LISTEN FOR THE
REVERSE BUZZER. IF THE REVERSE BUZZER DOES NOT SOUND, THE CAPACITORS ARE DISCHARGED.
- IF THE REVERSE BUZZER SOUNDS, TURN THE KEY SWITCH TO THE ON POSITION AND DEPRESS THE
ACCELERATOR PEDAL UNTIL THE BUZZER CAN NO LONGER BE HEARD.
• IMPROPER MAINTENANCE OR USE OF THE VEHICLE COULD RESULT IN DECREASED VEHICLE PERFORMANCE OR
SEVERE PERSONAL INJURY.
• LIFT ONLY ONE END OF THE VEHICLE AT A TIME. BEFORE LIFTING, LOCK THE BRAKES AND CHOCK THE WHEELS
THAT REMAIN ON THE FLOOR. USE A SUITABLE LIFTING DEVICE (CHAIN HOIST OR HYDRAULIC FLOOR JACK) WITH
1000 LBS. (454 KG.) MINIMUM LIFTING CAPACITY. DO NOT USE LIFTING DEVICE TO HOLD VEHICLE IN RAISED
POSITION. ALWAYS USE APPROVED JACKSTANDS OF PROPER WEIGHT CAPACITY TO SUPPORT VEHICLE.
GENERAL INFORMATION
To ensure continued reliable performance of the PowerDrive Plus vehicle, a Preventive Maintenance program
should be established and followed. Preventive maintenance consists of the regular performance of scheduled
vehicle service and maintenance procedures, and is the only way to ensure the vehicle provides the safe, reliable,
and economical service it is designed to deliver. The following charts provide recommended service intervals for the
lubrication and maintenance of the PowerDrive Plus vehicle. Note that critical areas such as brake operation, accelerator operation, steering and tires should be performed daily. These checks can easily be performed when moving
the vehicle from the storage facility to the starting line. Any vehicle that is not functioning properly should be
removed from service until it has been repaired.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement
Page 10-1
10
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Daily Pre-Operation Safety Checklist
2
FRONT
OF VEHICLE
5
1
3
REMOVE NEGATIVE
CABLE FIRST
4
PLACE TOW/RUN SWITCH IN
TOW BEFORE DISCONNECTING
THESE
BATTERY CABLES
6
Figure 10-1 Battery Bank for PowerDrive Plus Vehicle
DAILY PRE-OPERATION SAFETY CHECKLIST
Inspect and drive the vehicle. Use the Pre-operation Checklist and Performance Inspection in Section 3–General
Information located in the 1998/1999 DS Maintenance and Service Manual as a guide to check the following items.
• Vehicle warning decals
• Brake system
• Park brake
• Reverse warning buzzer
• Steering and linkages
• Proper acceleration and maximum speed
• Batteries
• Accelerator Switch
In addition, check the items listed below:
• Tires: Visually inspect for wear, damage and proper inflation.
• Forward/Reverse switch: Check for proper operation. See Section 3–General Information, Controls, in the
1998/1999 DS Maintenance and Service Manual.
Page 10-2
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Service Schedule
PERIODIC SERVICE SCHEDULE
WARNING
• SERVICE, REPAIRS, AND ADJUSTMENTS MUST BE MADE PER INSTRUCTIONS IN THE 1998/1999 DS GOLF CAR
MAINTENANCE & SERVICE MANUAL AND THIS SUPPLEMENT.
NOTE
• IF THE VEHICLE IS CONSTANTLY SUBJECTED TO HEAVY USE OR SEVERE OPERATING CONDITIONS, THE
PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE PROCEDURE SHOULD BE PERFORMED MORE OFTEN THAN RECOMMENDED IN
THE SERVICE AND LUBRICATION SCHEDULES.
• BOTH THE PERIODIC SERVICE SCHEDULE AND PERIODIC LUBRICATION SCHEDULE MUST BE FOLLOWED TO KEEP
VEHICLE IN OPTIMUM OPERATING CONDITION.
PERIODIC SERVICE SCHEDULE
REGULAR INTERVAL
SERVICE
Daily Service by Owner
Batteries
Charge batteries (after each use only).
Weekly Service by Owner
Batteries
Check electrolyte level. Add water as necessary per
Section 13–Batteries.
Batteries
Wash battery tops and clean terminals with baking soda/
water solution. Dispose of waste water properly.
Tires
Check air pressure and adjust as necessary.
See Vehicle Capacities Chart on Page 10-4.
Multi-step Potentiometer
Check for cracks or other damage; make sure switch is
securely fastened to frame. Check movable contact for
correct operation.
General Vehicle
Wash battery compartment and underside of vehicle.
Dispose of waste water properly.
Monthly Service by Owner or
Trained Technician
Check brake shoes; replace if necessary. See Section 6, in
the DS Maintenance and Service Manual.
Semi-annual Service by
Trained Technician Only
(Every 50 hours of operation
or 100 rounds of golf).
Annual Service by Trained
Technician Only (Every 100
hours of operation or 200
rounds of golf).
Brake System
Lubricate brake slides per Lubrication Schedule. See Section
6 in the DS Maintenance and Service Manual.
Electrical wiring and connections
Check for tightness and damage.
Forward and Reverse (F&R) Rocker Switch
Check condition of wire connections. Make sure
connections are tight.
Front Wheel Alignment and Camber
Check and adjust as required. See Section 7 in the DS
Maintenance & Service Manual.
Batteries
If batteries are not performing as expected, refer to
Section 13–Batteries.
Check brake cables for damage; replace as required.
WARNING
• IF ANY PROBLEMS ARE FOUND, DO NOT OPERATE THE VEHICLE UNTIL REPAIRS ARE MADE. FAILURE TO MAKE
NECESSARY REPAIRS COULD RESULT IN FIRE, PROPERTY DAMAGE, SEVERE PERSONAL INJURY, OR DEATH.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 10-3
10
10
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Lubrication
LUBRICATION
PERIODIC LUBRICATION SCHEDULE
REGULAR INTERVAL
PLACE*
SERVICE
Semi-Annually by Owner or
Trained Technician (Every 50
hours of operation or every
100 rounds of golf).
Annually by Trained
Technician Only (Every
100 hours of operation
or 200 rounds of golf)
RECOMMENDED LUBRICANT
Brake pedal shaft bearings
1.
Dry Moly Lube - Club Car Part No. 1012151
Brake Linkage and Pivots
2.
Dry Moly Lube - Club Car Part No. 1012151
Accelerator push rod pivots and mounts
3.
Dry Moly Lube - Club Car Part No. 1012151
Forward/Reverse Switch Contacts and
charger receptacle
4.
WD 40
Brake Slides
5.
Dry Moly Lube - Club Car Part No. 1012151
Front Suspension (5 fittings)
6.
Chassis Lube - EP NLGI Grade 2
Check/fill transaxle to plug level
7.
22 oz. (.67 liter) SAE 30 WT. API
Class SE, SF, or SG Oil (or higher)
Inspect front wheel bearings
(Repack as necessary)
8.
Chassis Lube - EP NLGI Grade 2
*See Figure 10-2 below.
8
FLOORBOARD
6
2
5
4
6
3
1
7
2
3
3
3
4
1
6
5
6
6
8
Figure 10-2 Vehicle Lubrication Points
VEHICLE CAPACITIES
CAPACITIES
Transaxle
22 oz. (.67 liters)
Tire Pressure
18-20 psi (124-138 kPa)
Page 10-4
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
11
SECTION 11–ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
DANGER
• THE BATTERY WIRES MUST REMAIN CONNECTED WHILE PERFORMING SOME TEST PROCEDURES.
• RAISE THE REAR END OF THE VEHICLE AND SUPPORT ON JACKSTANDS. REAR WHEELS SHOULD
BE OFF THE GROUND WHILE PERFORMING ALL TEST PROCEDURES.
• BATTERY - EXPLOSIVE GASES! DO NOT SMOKE. KEEP SPARKS AND FLAMES AWAY. VENTILATE
WHEN CHARGING OR USING IN AN ENCLOSED SPACE. ALWAYS WEAR FULL FACE SHIELD WHEN
WORKING ON OR NEAR BATTERIES.
• USE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN USING TOOLS, WIRES, OR METAL OBJECTS NEAR BATTERIES! A
SHORT CIRCUIT AND (OR) SPARK COULD CAUSE AN EXPLOSION.
• BATTERY - POISON! CONTAINS ACID! CAUSES SEVERE BURNS. AVOID CONTACT WITH SKIN, EYES,
OR CLOTHING. ANTIDOTES:
- EXTERNAL: FLUSH WITH WATER. CALL A PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
- INTERNAL: DRINK LARGE QUANTITIES OF MILK OR WATER. FOLLOW WITH MILK OF MAGNESIA OR
VEGETABLE OIL. CALL A PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
- EYES: FLUSH WITH WATER FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES. CALL PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
WARNING
• ONLY TRAINED TECHNICIANS SHOULD REPAIR OR SERVICE THIS VEHICLE. ANYONE DOING EVEN SIMPLE REPAIRS
OR SERVICE SHOULD HAVE KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERIENCE IN GENERAL MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REPAIR.
FOLLOW ALL PROCEDURES EXACTLY AND HEED ALL WARNINGS STATED IN THIS MANUAL.
• ALWAYS WEAR SAFETY GLASSES OR APPROVED EYE PROTECTION WHILE SERVICING VEHICLE.
• TURN KEY SWITCH OFF, PLACE FORWARD/REVERSE ROCKER SWITCH IN THE NEUTRAL POSITION, AND REMOVE
KEY PRIOR TO SERVICING.
• DO NOT WEAR LOOSE CLOTHING. REMOVE JEWELRY SUCH AS RINGS, WATCHES, CHAINS, ETC. BEFORE
SERVICING VEHICLE.
• ALWAYS USE INSULATED TOOLS WHEN WORKING NEAR BATTERIES OR ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS. WHEN
BATTERIES ARE CONNECTED, USE EXTREME CAUTION TO AVOID SHORTING OF COMPONENTS OR WIRING.
• TO AVOID UNINTENTIONALLY STARTING THE VEHICLE, PLACE TOW/RUN SWITCH IN TOW, THEN DISCONNECT
BATTERIES AS SHOWN IN FIGURE 11-9, PAGE 11-10 WHEN PERFORMING TESTS THAT DO NOT REQUIRE THE
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM TO BE ENERGIZED.
GENERAL INFORMATION
The PowerDrive Plus vehicle uses a 48-volt electrical system that is powered by six eight-volt lead-acid batteries and
includes an onboard computer. The electrical system in a PowerDrive Plus vehicle uses a shunt wound 3.2 hp motor
and includes several additional features.
• Shunt Wound Motor: Unlike a series wound motor which increases or decreases the current flow (amperage)
through the armature and field coils at the same rate, a shunt wound motor is able to vary the amount of
amperage passing through the field coils separately from the current flow passing through the armature.
• Motor Braking: Under certain conditions a shunt wound motor also has the ability to act as an electrical
brake to slow the vehicle. There are three features of the PowerDrive Plus electrical system which will activate
the motor braking function: Zero Speed Detect, Pedal Down Motor Braking, and Pedal Up Motor Braking.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement
Page 11-1
11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Figure 11-1 Wiring Schematic - Place Holder for Fold-out Drawing
Page 11-2
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
General Information
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
TE
HI
1
REVERSE
BUZZER
GE
D/W
RE
RE
D
RE
D/
W
HI
GR BLA
CK
EE
N
PURPLE
WHT/BLK
YELLOW
GRN/WHT
BROWN
RE
E
HIT
FORWARD /
REVERSE
SWITCH
RE
SONIC
WELD
D
+
D
RE
-
SIX-PIN
CONNECTOR
E
LU
+
B
E
ITE
HIT
WH E/W
G
N
A
D
OR
RE
D
RE EN
E
GR
D
GR
N
-
2
RE
BATTERY
BANK
D
1
+
-
BLK
5
BL
AC
RE
D
SONIC
WELD
4
K
+
3
RE
6
BL
GR AC
AY K
D/W
HIT
BLUE
+
RED/WHITE
FUSE AND
RECEPTACLE
+
RED
+
-
BLUE
WHITE
-
ORANGE/WHITE
EE
TE
WHITE
N
AN
OR
AN
GE
BL
/W
UE
BL
HI
UE
TE
K
OW
K
AC
DASH
LIGHT
AC
TWO-PIN
CONNECTOR
ITE
WH
ITE
/WH
E
BLU
UE
BR
3
2
1
MULTI-STEP
POTENTIOMETER
BL
OR
SONIC
WELD
BL
F
BL
AN
/W
GE
TOW
SWITCH
R
RED
OR
KEY
SWITCH
2
N
EE
GR D
RE E
G
AN
OR
General Information
E
FUSE
SIX-PIN
BR
OW CONNECTOR
N
OR
F1
BL
AN
GE
UE
BL
AC
WHITE
BL
AC
GR K
AY
K
YE
L
N
GR
B+
LIG
HT
BR
GR
OW
EE
N
N
(PIN 4) WHITE WIRE
(PIN 5) BLUE WIRE
(PIN 3) GRN/WHT WIRE
(PIN 6) YELLOW WIRE
YE
LL
RE
OW
D/G
2
9
3
10
4
11
5
12
6
13
7
BL
MAIN
SOLENOID
K
AC
TE
HI
E/W
TE ANG
I
WH O R
ITE
N
WH
OW
BR
G
R
EE
N
W
HI
14
DYNAMIC
BRAKING
SOLENOID
8
15
(PIN 15) RED/GRN WIRE
OW
U
BL
N
TE
1
LL
E
RE
(PIN 8) WHT/BLK WIRE
(PIN 1) RED WIRE
YE
E
HIT
E/W
BLUE
(PIN 7) YEL /BLK WIRE
(PIN 2) ORN/WHT WIRE
RED
A1
A2
B-
GREEN
RED
ORANGE/WHITE
WHITE
BLUE
GREEN/WHITE
YELLOW/BLACK
WHITE/BLACK
PURPLE
ORANGE
F2
FUSE
BLUE
ITE
WH UE HITE
BL D/W
RE
RED/WHITE
ONBOARD
COMPUTER
RESISTOR
G R
BL RE ED
AC EN
K
A2
F2
A1 RAN
O
GE
F1
16
(PIN 16) BLACK WIRE
(PIN 9) PURPLE WIRE
(PIN 10) ORANGE WIRE
(PIN 11) BLUE/WHITE WIRE
(PIN 14) LT GRN WIRE
(PIN 13) GREEN WIRE
(PIN 12) BROWN WIRE
MOTOR
Figure 11-2 Wiring Diagram
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 11-3
11
11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Electrical Circuits
• Zero Speed Detect: This prevents the vehicle from rolling away uncontrolled should the driver park on a
slope and leave the vehicle without locking the park brake. The vehicle will roll at about 1 mph. If the zero
speed detect function remains engaged for two seconds or more, a warning buzzer will sound to alert the
driver that motor braking has been activated.
WARNING
• ZERO SPEED DETECT MAY NOT HOLD THE VEHICLE ON VERY STEEP GRADES. DO NOT OPERATE VEHICLE ON
SLOPES EXCEEDING 20% GRADES.
• Pedal Down Motor Braking: This feature helps to control vehicle downhill speed. When vehicle speed exceeds
approximately 15 mph motor braking is activated, which holds top speed to approximately 13-15 mph. Motor braking is automatically disengaged when vehicle speed slows below approximately 13 mph.
• Pedal Up Motor Braking: When vehicle speed is above 12 mph, releasing the accelerator pedal will activate
motor braking, which slows the vehicle to approximately 9 mph. Once vehicle speed slows to below approximately 9 mph with the accelerator pedal still released, motor braking will be deactivated and the vehicle will
coast freely.
• Motor/Generator: During motor braking, the motor acts as a generator which creates electrical current. The
PowerDrive Plus electrical system has two current generating functions: Regenerative Braking and Dynamic
Braking.
• Regenerative Braking: When motor braking is activated, the vehicle motor acts as a generator, slowing the
vehicle as it creates energy that is used to charge the batteries.
• Dynamic Braking: If the batteries are at or near full charge and do not require an additional charge, the energy created as the motor slows the vehicle is disposed of through the energy displacement module.
• Tow/Run Switch: When the Tow/Run switch is in the RUN position, the vehicle will function normally. When the
switch is in the TOW position, power to the OBC and controller is shut off, disabling the vehicle operating circuit and
zero speed detect, allowing the vehicle to be towed.
• Motor Protection Circuit: If the vehicle is held in position on an incline by partially depressing the accelerator
pedal instead of the brake, motor overheating could result. The motor protection circuit reduces the possibility of
motor damage during this circumstance.
• High Pedal Detect: This function prevents unexpected vehicle movement if the key switch is turned ON after the
accelerator is depressed. The vehicle will not move until the accelerator is depressed again.
• Onboard Computer (OBC): The OBC, 1) monitors battery condition, 2) monitors the rate of discharge while the
vehicle is in use, 3) determines the amount of charge required based on the amount of use and shuts the charger
off when this number is reached, 4) determines when to activate regenerative motor braking, 5) stores operating
data which can be read by the Communication Display Module (CDM) and 6) locks out vehicle movement while
the charger is plugged in.
ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 11-1.
The PowerDrive Plus vehicle has three distinct circuits: 1) the Control Circuit (Figure 11-5, Page 11-8), 2) the Power
Circuit (Figure 11-7, Page 11-9), and 3) the Charge Circuit (Figure 11-8, Page 11-10).
THE CONTROL CIRCUIT
The Control Circuit consists of three individual circuits, 1) Onboard Computer Circuit (Figure 11-4, Page 11-6),
2) Solid State Speed Control Circuit (Figure 11-5, Page 11-8), and 3) Tow Switch Circuit (Figure 11-6, Page 119).
Page 11-4
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Electrical Circuits
Supplies 48 volt input to controller through the red wire to keep capacitors inside the
controller charged. Supplies voltage when key switch is either ON or OFF, if TOW/RUN switch
is in RUN position. Voltage input to controller capacitors is shut off when TOW/RUN switch is
in TOW position.
(PIN 1) RED WIRE
(PIN 2) ORANGE/WHT WIRE
(PIN 3) GREEN/WHT WIRE
(PIN 4) WHITE WIRE
(PIN 5) BLUE WIRE
(PIN 7)
YEL/BLK
WIRE
(PIN 8)
WHT/BLK
WIRE
2
9
3
10
4
11
5
12
6
13
7
14
With the TOW/RUN switch in the RUN position, the key switch ON and the accelerator pedal
depressed (limit switch closed), Pin 3 completes circuit through the green/white wire to
controller, which actuates controller and starts vehicle.
When F&R switch is in FORWARD, Pin 4 completes circuit to controller through white wire to
operate vehicle in forward direction.
When F&R switch is in REVERSE, Pin 5 completes circuit to controller through blue wire to
operate vehicle in reverse direction.
If the vehicle is not charged for three days, the onboard computer powers down the electrical
system to reduce battery discharge during long term storage. Pin 6 provides voltage input
to the OBC when the accelerator pedal is depressed to power-up the system.
(PIN 6)
YELLOW
WIRE
1
Pin 2 completes circuit to controller through orange/white wire when TOW/RUN switch is in
RUN position. Activates electronic components in the controller to allow the vehicle to operate.
Controller varies vehicle ground speed depending on voltage input from the multi-step
potentiometer through the yellow/black wire as the accelerator pedal is depressed. 3.5 volts
with pedal up, zero volts with pedal fully depressed. Vehicle will not operate if voltage is
below 3.0 volts when key switch is turned ON (High Pedal Detect).
Pin 8 completes the negative voltage circuit for the multi-step potentiometer through the
white/black wire.
8
(PIN 15)
RED/GRN
WIRE
15
16
(PIN 14)
LIGHT GREEN
WIRE
(PIN 13) GREEN WIRE
(PIN 12) BROWN WIRE
Pin 15 supplies a constant 5.0 volts from the controller to the motor speed sensor through the
red/green wire.
Motor speed sensor acts as an electronic tachometer that pulses a voltage signal through the
light green wire at Pin 14 in the controller. This signal tells the controller the vehicle's speed.
When the batteries can accept a regenerative charge, the onboard computer provides a 13-volt
input to the controller which causes the controller to switch from dynamic braking to
regenerative braking.
Pin 12 completes the negative circuit for DB solenoid activating coil through the brown wire,
which closes solenoid contacts during normal operation. Pin 12 shuts off voltage to DB
solenoid during dynamic braking which allows current to go through the resistor coil until
batteries can accept a regenerative charge.
(PIN 11) BLUE/WHITE WIRE
Pin 11 completes the negative circuit for the main solenoid activating coil through blue/white
wire and closes solenoid contacts which allows vehicle to operate. If there is no vehicle
movement when main solenoid engages, Pin 11 shuts off voltage to the solenoid after two
seconds. During normal operation, each time accelerator pedal is released, Pin 11 shuts off
voltage to the solenoid after two seconds.
(PIN 10) ORANGE WIRE
Pin 10 completes negative circuit for the reverse buzzer through the orange wire. Activates the
reverse buzzer when F&R rocker switch is in the REVERSE position.
(PIN 9) PURPLE WIRE
(PIN 16) BLACK WIRE
Pin 9 provides a constant 5-volt signal to the multi-step potentiometer.
Pin 16 completes the negative circuit for the motor speed sensor through the black wire.
Figure 11-3 23-Pin Connector Plug
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 11-5
11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Electrical Circuits
Onboard Computer Circuit
The onboard computer (OBC) circuit performs the following functions:
1. Provides power to the solenoids, Forward/Reverse switch, controller capacitors and reverse buzzer.
2. Powers down the electrical system during long term storage to reduce battery discharge.
3. Activates regenerative braking when the batteries can accept a regenerative charge.
4. Turns the charger ON and OFF during the charge cycle.
5. Locks out the motor speed controller to prevent the vehicle from moving during the charge cycle.
6. Illuminates the dash warning light if there is a problem with the batteries.
7. Sends a signal from the dash light to the optional Communication Display Module.
R
1
D
2
3
HIT
D/W
E
D
RE E
HIT
E/W
D
RE
SONIC
WELD
G
AN
RED
RE
RE
FORWARD /
REVERSE
SWITCH
F
OR
/WH
5
AC
K
1
RED
ORANGE/WHITE
3
4
SIX-PIN
CONNECTOR
CONTROLLER
UE
BL
BL
AC
YELLOW
N
EE
GR
B-
K
BL
AC
K
(PIN 1) RED WIRE
(PIN 2) ORN/WHT WIRE
(PIN 6) YELLOW WIRE
1
2
9
3
10
4
11
5
12
6
13
7
14
8
B+
YE
LLO
O
W
N
RA
GE
15
16
(PIN 13) GREEN WIRE
DYNAMIC
BRAKING
SOLENOID
Figure 11-4 Onboard Computer Circuit
Page 11-6
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
/W
HI
TE
RESISTOR
BLUE
6
ONBOARD
COMPUTER
MAIN
SOLENOID
ORANGE/WHITE
BLUE
BLUE
ITE
2
REVERSE
BUZZER
BL
11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Electrical Circuits
Battery Warning Light
The dash light performs two functions for the vehicle’s electrical system:
Warning Light: The warning light alerts the operator to any problems with the batteries or charging system. The
warning light will illuminate under the following conditions:
1. Battery no-load voltage drops below 48 volts.
2. Batteries have discharged more than 75% of rated capacity.
3. AC power is interrupted during the charge cycle (DC plug is still connected).
4. Charge cycle times out at 16 hours.
5. When the DC cord is unplugged before the charge cycle is completed, the warning light will illuminate for 10
seconds if the charge is less than 90% complete.
LED Light: In addition to the warning light, there is an infrared LED in the dash light assembly which transmits an
infrared signal from the OBC. This signal is received by the optional Communication Display Module which provides
information on the condition of the vehicle and batteries. See page 11-22.
Solid State Speed Control Circuit
The Control Circuit performs the following functions:
1. Monitors vehicle ground speed through the motor speed sensor.
2. Regulates vehicle ground speed by using the multi-step potentiometer to determine accelerator pedal position.
3. Activates the reverse buzzer when the Forward/Reverse rocker switch is in REVERSE.
4. Regulates direction of vehicle movement through the Forward/Reverse switch.
5. Activates the solenoids.
Tow/Run Switch Circuit
The Tow/Run switch performs the following functions:
1. Provides power to the key switch and the dash warning light when in the RUN position.
2. Provides power to the No. 18 white OBC wire when in the RUN position.
3. Deactivates the vehicle’s control circuit when in the TOW position.
THE POWER CIRCUIT
The function of the power circuit is to supply voltage from the battery pack to the motor. When regenerative motor
braking is activated, the power circuit will direct motor-generated current to either the batteries or the energy displacement module, depending on the battery pack state of charge.
The Power Circuit consists of:
• Battery Pack (six eight-volt batteries)
• Solid State Speed Controller
• Electric Motor
• Solenoid Contacts
• Energy Displacement Module (Resistor Coil)
• All 6 Gauge Power Wires
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 11-7
11
11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Electrical Circuits
R
F
2
1
3
ITE
WH
E
BLU
FORWARD /
REVERSE
SWITCH
REVERSE
BUZZER
GE
AN
OR
MULTI-STEP
POTENTIOMETER
YELLOW/BLACK
WHITE/BLACK
PURPLE
WHITE
BLUE
ORANGE
CONTROLLER
SIX-PIN
CONNECTOR
B-
(PIN 8) WHT/BLK WIRE
(PIN 7) YEL/BLK WIRE
(PIN 5) BLUE WIRE
(PIN 4) WHITE WIRE
1
2
9
3
10
4
11
5
12
6
13
LIG
HT
GR
BR
EE
OW
N
N
7
14
E
HIT
/W
UE
L
B
B+
8
EN
RE
D/G
E
R
K
AC
BL
15
RESISTOR
MAIN
SOLENOID
G R
BL RE ED
AC EN
K
A2
16
DYNAMIC
BRAKING
SOLENOID
F2
(PIN 15) RED/GREEN WIRE
(PIN 14) LIGHT GREEN WIRE
(PIN 12) BROWN WIRE
(PIN 11) BLUE/WHITE WIRE
(PIN 10) ORANGE WIRE
(PIN 9) PURPLE WIRE
(PIN 16) BLACK WIRE
Figure 11-5 Solid State Speed Control Circuit
Page 11-8
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
A1
F1
MOTOR
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Electrical Circuits
2
N
EE
GR
E
T
I
WH
MULTI-STEP
POTENTIOMETER
TOW
SWITCH
1
/
GE
KEY
SWITCH
AN
OR
2
RE
RED/WHITE
GRN/WHT
GR CONNECTOR
EE
N
BLACK
EE
GR
CK
BLA
TWO-PIN
N
DASH
LIGHT
D
SIX-PIN
CONNECTOR
BLACK
SONIC
WELD
WH
SONIC
WELD
ITE
RED
GRN/WHT
1
3
RE
5
4
HIT
E
ITE
WH
6
MAIN
SOLENOID
CONTROLLER
SIX-PIN
CONNECTOR
ONBOARD
COMPUTER
D/W
(PIN 3) GRN/WHT WIRE
GR
N/W
HT
1
2
9
3
10
4
11
5
12
6
13
7
14
8
15
16
Figure 11-6 Tow Switch Circuit/Components
D
RE
2
GE
AN
OR
5
BL
AC
K
1
UE
BL
3
4
F1
GREEN
F2
RED
6
A1
G
W
O
LL
WHITE
CK
A
BL
BLUE
A2
B-
YE
ONBOARD
COMPUTER
OW
LL
YE
ITE
WH
EE
N
A2
MAIN
SOLENOID
B+
R
WHITE
CONTROLLER
TE
HI
W
A1
F2
GE
AN
OR
F1
MOTOR
DYNAMIC
BRAKING
SOLENOID
Figure 11-7 Power Circuit
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 11-9
11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Electrical Circuits
ELECTRIC MOTOR
The electric motor is discussed in Section 15–Motor.
THE CHARGE CIRCUIT
The charge circuit consists of the onboard computer, battery charger, DC charger plug, charger receptacle, receptacle fuse link and the battery pack. The charge circuit supplies current from the battery charger to the batteries when
the DC cord is plugged into the vehicle’s charger receptacle. The batteries will be discussed in Section 13–Batteries.
2
FUSE AND
RECEPTACLE
RE
D
BLK
-
RE
D
B
GR LAC
AY K
5
1
K
+
AC
FUSE
BL
11
3
4
ONBOARD
COMPUTER
6
BLACK
BL
B-
AC
K
B+
CONTROLLER
Figure 11-8 Charge Circuit
2
FRONT
OF VEHICLE
5
1
3
4
REMOVE NEGATIVE
CABLE FIRST
6
PLACE TOW SWITCH IN THE
TOW POSITION BEFORE
DISCONNECTING BATTERY
CABLES
Figure 11-9 PowerDrive Plus Battery Configuration
Page 11-10
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Index of Test Procedures
DANGER
• MOST OF THE FOLLOWING TEST PROCEDURES ARE PERFORMED WITH THE BATTERIES
CONNECTED TO THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM.
• RAISE THE REAR END OF THE VEHICLE AND SUPPORT ON JACKSTANDS. CHOCK FRONT TIRES.
• WEAR SAFETY GLASSES WHEN PERFORMING CIRCUIT TESTS. FAILURE TO FOLLOW THESE
INSTRUCTIONS COULD RESULT IN SEVERE PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH.
WARNING
• IF A TEST PROCEDURE REQUIRES THE BATTERIES TO BE DISCONNECTED, PLACE THE RUN/TOW SWITCH IN THE
TOW POSITION FIRST, THEN DISCONNECT THE BATTERIES.
• BEFORE ANY TESTS OR REPAIRS ARE PERFORMED, THE CAPACITORS INSIDE THE CONTROLLER MUST BE
DISCHARGED. THE CAPACITORS WILL NORMALLY SELF-DISCHARGE AFTER THE BATTERY CABLES ARE
DISCONNECTED, HOWEVER, TO ENSURE THE CAPACITORS ARE DISCHARGED PLACE THE FORWARD/REVERSE
ROCKER SWITCH IN REVERSE AND LISTEN FOR THE REVERSE BUZZER.
- IF THE REVERSE BUZZER DOES NOT SOUND, AFTER THE BATTERY CABLES ARE DISCONNECTED, THE
CAPACITORS ARE DISCHARGED.
- IF THE REVERSE BUZZER SOUNDS, TURN THE KEY SWITCH TO THE ON POSITION AND DEPRESS THE
ACCELERATOR PEDAL UNTIL THE BUZZER CAN NO LONGER BE HEARD.
INDEX OF TEST PROCEDURES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
Battery Pack Voltage, Page 11-14
Voltage Output From OBC, Page 11-14
Voltage At Main Solenoid Activating Coil, Page 11-15
Multi-step Potentiometer Voltage, Page 11-15
A1 and A2 Motor Voltage, Page 11-16
Tow/Run Switch, Page 11-16
Battery Pack Voltage (Under Load), Page 11-17
Dynamic Braking Solenoid Activating Coil, Page 11-17
Key Switch and Limit Switch Circuit, Page 11-17
23-Pin Connector in the Controller, Page 11-18
OBC SCR Circuit, Page 11-18
OBC Gray Wire and Fuse, Page 11-19
Voltage at Charger Receptacle Red Wire, Page 11-19
Motor Speed Sensor, Page 11-19
Main Solenoid Continuity, Page 11-20
Forward/Reverse Rocker Switch, Page 11-20
Reverse Buzzer, Page 11-21
Reboot Onboard Computer, Page 11-22
DIAGNOSTIC FLOW CHARTS
The diagnostic flow charts included in this section may be used as a reference when performing test procedures on
the PowerDrive Plus vehicle. More detailed system testing instructions follow.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 11-11
11
11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Diagnostic Flow Charts
VEHICLE DOES NOT OPERATE
LOW VOLTAGE
READING
CHECK BATTERY
PACK VOLTAGE
TEST PROCEDURE 1
RECHARGE
BATTERIES
VOLTAGE READING
CORRECT
CHECK VOLTAGE
OUTPUT FROM
OBC BLUE WIRE
NO VOLTAGE
CHECK KEY
SWITCH AND
ACCELERATOR
LIMIT SWITCH
CIRCUIT
TEST PROCEDURE 2
VOLTAGE READING
CORRECT
NO VOLTAGE
READING
NO CONTINUITY
REPLACE
F&R SWITCH
CHECK F&R
SWITCH
CONTINUITY
TEST PROCEDURE 16
CHECK VOLTAGE
AT MAIN
SOLENOID
ACTIVATING COIL
TEST PROCEDURE 9
VOLTAGE READING
CORRECT, SOLENOID
DOES NOT CLICK
OK
REPLACE
SOLENOID
CHECK TOW/RUN
SWITCH CIRCUIT
TEST PROCEDURE 3
VOLTAGE READING
CORRECT, SOLENOID
CLICKS
OK
CHECK MAIN
SOLENOID FOR
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
TEST PROCEDURE 15
REPLACE
SOLENOID
REPLACE OBC
OK
VOLTAGE READINGS
ARE ZERO
CHECK
MULTI-STEP
POTENTIOMETER
TEST PROCEDURE 4
REPLACE
CONTROLLER
NO VOLTAGE
READING
REPLACE
CONTROLLER
VOLTAGE READINGS
ARE CORRECT
CHECK VOLTAGE
AT A1 AND A2
MOTOR
TERMINAL POSTS
VOLTAGE READING
CORRECT
TEST PROCEDURE 5
REPLACE
MOTOR
LOW VOLTAGE
READING
CHECK FOR
SHORT CIRCUIT
IN MOTOR
SHORT CIRCUIT
REPLACE
MOTOR
Figure 11-10 Flow Chart 1 - Vehicle Does Not Operate
Page 11-12
REPAIR OR
REPLACE WIRING,
KEY OR LIMIT
SWITCH
AS REQUIRED
LOW VOLTAGE
TEST PROCEDURE 6
OK
REPLACE
CONTROLLER
NO VOLTAGE
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
REPAIR OR
REPLACE
TOW SWITCH
CIRCUIT
AS REQUIRED
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Diagnostic Flow Charts
Vehicle Does Not Operate
At Rated Top Speed
CHECK BATTERY PACK
VOLTAGE UNDER
LOAD
LOW VOLTAGE
RECHARGE-TEST
BATTERIES AS
REQUIRED
TEST PROCEDURE 7
HOT COIL
CHECK DYNAMIC
BRAKING SOLENOID
NO VOLTAGE
TEST PROCEDURE 8
REPLACE
CONTROLLER
OK
INCORRECT
READINGS
CHECK MULTI-STEP
POTENTIOMETER
CHECK VOLTAGE
AT PIN 7
YELLOW WIRE
ADJUST OR
REPAIR
POTENTIOMETER
TEST PROCEDURE 4
VOLTAGEOK
READINGS
ARE CORRECT
REPLACE DYNAMIC
BRAKING SOLENOID
OK
CHECK VOLTAGE
AT A1 & A2 MOTOR
TERMINAL POSTS
TEST PROCEDURE 5
LOW VOLTAGE
REPLACE
CONTROLLER
OK
REPLACE MOTOR
Figure 11-11 Flow Chart 2 - Vehicle Does Not Operate at Rated Top Speed
Vehicle Operates,
Motor Braking Function
Does Not
NO VOLTAGE
NO CONTINUITY
CHECK WIRE, PLUG,
23-PIN CONNECTOR
CONTINUITY
REPAIR OR REPLACE
AS REQUIRED
TEST PROCEDURE 10
OK
CHECK MOTOR
SPEED SENSOR
TEST PROCEDURE 14
VOLTAGE NOT
ABOVE 3.5 VDC
REPLACE MOTOR
SPEED SENSOR
REPLACE SPEED
CONTROLLER
Figure 11-12 Flow Chart 3 - Vehicle Operates, No Motor Braking
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 11-13
11
11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Test Procedures
Vehicle Operates
Does Not Charge
VEHICLE
CHARGES
SEE SECTION
14–BATTERY CHARGER
CHECK VEHICLE
WITH A KNOWN
WORKING CHARGER
OR SEE SECTION 14
VEHICLE
DOES NOT CHARGE,
NO RELAY CLICK,
NO TRANSFORMER
HUM
VEHICLE DOES NOT
CHARGE, RELAY CLICKS,
TRANSFORMER HUMS
CHECK ONBOARD
COMPUTER BLACK
WIRE CIRCUIT
TEST PROCEDURE 11
INCORRECT
READING
REPLACE
ONBOARD COMPUTER
OK
NO CONTINUITY
CHECK ALL WIRE
CONNECTIONS
REPLACE FUSE
REPAIR OR REPLACE
AS REQUIRED
OK
NO VOLTAGE
REPLACE
ONBOARD COMPUTER
CHECK OBC GRAY
WIRE CIRCUIT
TEST PROCEDURE 12
OK
CHECK RED WIRE
TERMINAL SOCKET
IN RECEPTACLE
TEST PROCEDURE 13
NO VOLTAGE
REPAIR OR REPLACE
AS REQUIRED
OK
REPLACE
ONBOARD COMPUTER
Figure 11-13 Flow Chart 4 - Vehicle Operates, Does Not Charge
TEST PROCEDURES
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 11-11.
Test Procedure 1 - Battery Pack Voltage
With batteries connected and using a multimeter set to 200 volts DC, place the black lead on battery No. 6 negative post and
place the red lead on battery No. 1 positive post. Record the reading for reference, (this information will be referred to as full
battery voltage and will be useful when performing other test procedures as well).
The voltage reading must be above 32 volts to activate the solenoid to operate the vehicle. If the reading is below 32 volts,
test and recharge the batteries. The battery charger will not turn on if the battery voltage is below 32 volts. The charger relay
will need to be by-passed to activate the charger. See WARNING on page 11-11.
Test Procedure 2 - Voltage Output From Onboard Computer
1. With batteries connected and using a multimeter set to 200 volts DC, place black lead on battery No. 6 negative post and red lead (with insulation probe) on blue onboard computer wire (at a point between the OBC
and the six-pin connector). The reading should be approximately 48-50 volts (full battery voltage). If the reading is zero volts, proceed to step 2. If the reading is 48-50 volts, proceed to Test 3. See WARNING on page 1111.
2. If reading is not 48-50 volts, place insulation probe on blue 18 gauge wire at a point between OBC six-pin connector and main wire harness. If reading is zero volts, check blue wire terminal connectors inside six-pin connector at OBC six-pin connector. Make sure pins are properly aligned inside housing. Make sure wire colors match.
Page 11-14
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Test Procedures
3. If reading is zero volts, plug the charger DC cord into the vehicle charger receptacle. If the dash light illuminates for 10 seconds, the OBC is now activated and the reading at the OBC blue wire should be approximately
48-50 volts. When the DC cord is disconnected, the solenoids should click on for two seconds and then click
off. If the vehicle now operates normally, the DC cord has powered up the electrical system. The electrical system should also power-up when the accelerator pedal is depressed. To check the accelerator pedal function,
see Test Procedure 4.
4. If the dash light illuminates and the solenoids do not click:
4.1. Using a multimeter set to 200 volts DC, place black lead on battery number 6 and place red lead (with
insulation probe) on blue 18 gauge wire at OBC six-pin connector.
4.2. With Tow/Run switch in the RUN position, the voltage reading should be approximately 48 volts.
4.3. If the reading is zero volts, replace the OBC.
5. If the dash light does not illuminate and the solenoids do not click, check the OBC activation circuit.
5.1. Using a multimeter set to 200 volts DC, place the black lead on battery No. 6 negative post and place the
red lead (with insulation probe) on the red 18 gauge wire (with the yellow fuse holder) located on the
OBC side of the fuse holder. The reading should be approximately 48 volts.
5.2. If reading is zero volts, test fuse and fuse holder (located in red 18 gauge wire). Using a multimeter set to
200 ¾, connect red (+) lead to one end of fuse and connect black (-) lead to other end of fuse. Multimeter should indicate continuity.
5.3. Place wire probe on the 18 gauge red/white wire (harness side of six-pin connector). Multimeter should
indicate 48 volts. If voltage is correct, check connections in the six-pin connector. If connections are correct, OBC activation circuit has failed. Replace OBC.
Test Procedure 3 - Voltage At Main Solenoid Activating Coil
1. Place Tow/Run switch in TOW and wait 10 seconds before proceeding. See WARNING on page 11-11. Using a
multimeter set to 200 volts DC, place black lead on small post with blue/white wire and place red lead on small post
with blue wire.
2. Place Tow/Run switch in RUN. Solenoid should activate for 2-3 seconds and then deactivate. When solenoid
clicks, voltage reading should be approximately 48 volts (full battery voltage). If the voltage reading is 48 volts
and the solenoid does not click, replace the solenoid.
3. If the voltage reading is zero volts, replace speed controller. See WARNING on page 11-11.
Test Procedure 4 - Multi-Step Potentiometer (Wiper Switch) Voltage
1. Place Tow/Run switch in RUN. Using a multimeter set to 20 volts DC, place black lead on battery No. 6 negative post
and place red lead (with insulation probe) on purple wire at a point between the six-pin connector and wiper
switch. The reading should be approximately 3.75 volts. See WARNING on page 11-11.
2. If reading is zero volts, check the purple wire continuity from the connector to the controller, the purple wire
continuity from the connector to the wiper switch, and the six-pin connector at the wiper switch. If all of the
continuity readings are correct, replace the controller.
3. With multimeter set to 200 volts DC, place the red lead on battery No. 1 positive post and the black lead (with
insulation probe) on the white/black wire at a position between the six-pin connector and the wiper switch.
The reading should be approximately 48-50 volts.
4. If reading is zero volts, check white/black wire continuity from six-pin connector to 23-pin connector. Check white/
black wire continuity from six-pin connector to wiper switch. Check terminal positions in six-pin connector at the
wiper switch. If all of the continuity readings are correct, replace the speed controller.
5. With multimeter set to 20 volts DC, place the black lead on battery No. 6 negative post and the red lead (with
insulation probe) on the No. 18 yellow wire at a point between the six-pin connector and the wiper switch.
The reading should be approximately 3.75 volts with the pedal up. Slowly depress the accelerator pedal and
note the readings on the multimeter. As the pedal is depressed, the reading will decrease in increments until
it reaches zero volts when the pedal is fully depressed.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 11-15
11
11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Test Procedures
Test Procedure 4–Multi-step Potentiometer (Wiper Switch) Voltage, Continued:
6. If reading does not decrease as pedal is depressed, check movable contact and resistors in wiper switch.
7. If the reading is not zero volts with the pedal fully depressed, the vehicle will not operate at rated top speed.
Check the resistors and adjustment of the wiper switch assembly.
7.1. Disconnect the six-pin connector at multi-step potentiometer.
7.2. Using a multimeter set to 20K ohms, connect black (-) lead of multimeter to purple wire terminal end
(located in six-pin connector on potentiometer). Connect red (+) lead (with insulation probe) to yellow wire
at six-pin connector.
7.3. Measure resistance while depressing the accelerator pedal. The measured resistance should increase
incrementally in six steps:
1st Step:
910 ohms (approx.)
2nd Step:
1660 ohms (approx.)
3rd Step:
2570 ohms (approx.)
4th Step:
3570 ohms (approx.)
5th Step:
4570 ohms (approx.)
6th Step:
5570 ohms (approx.)
NOTE
• IF AN INCREASE IN RESISTANCE FROM 0 TO (APPROXIMATELY) 5000 OHMS IS OBTAINED WHEN THE
ACCELERATOR PEDAL IS DEPRESSED WITHOUT EXCEEDING (APPROXIMATELY) 7000 OHMS, THEN THE SPEED
SWITCH RESISTOR ASSEMBLY IS IN GOOD CONDITION.
7.4. If the resistance steps were not correct and the accelerator pedal is properly adjusted, then replace the
defective resistor(s). See Section 12–Components.
7.5. Reconnect six-pin connector assembly.
8. If reading is zero volts, check continuity of yellow wire and six-pin connector terminal at wiper switch.
Test Procedure 5 - A1 and A2 Motor Voltage
1. Using a multimeter set to 200 volts DC, place the black lead on the A2 motor terminal (white wire) and connect the red lead to the A1 (green wire) motor terminal. See DANGER on page 11-11.
2. With Tow/Run switch in RUN, place Forward/Reverse switch in FORWARD, turn key switch ON and slowly depress
accelerator pedal.
3. As the accelerator pedal is depressed, the voltage reading should increase from approximately 5 volts when the
accelerator limit switch closes, to approximately 48 volts with the accelerator pedal fully depressed.
3.1. If there is no voltage reading, check the wiper switch (see Test Procedure 4) and the continuity of the large
post of the main solenoid (see Test Procedure 15).
3.2. Disconnect battery wires. Check continuity on A1 and A2 motor terminal posts and continuity of the F1 and
F2 motor terminal posts. Also, check continuity of all motor wires. See Section 15–Motor.
Test Procedure 6 - Tow/Run Switch
1. Using a multimeter set on 200 volts DC, connect black lead to negative post of battery No. 6 and connect red lead
(with insulation probe) on black wire on two-pin connector on Tow/Run switch. (Connect the insulation probe to the
black wire on the wire harness side of the two-pin connector). See WARNING on page 11-11.
2. With the Tow/Run switch in the RUN position, the reading should be approximately 48-50 volts. With the
switch in the TOW position, the reading should be zero volts.
3. If the reading is not zero volts with the switch in the TOW position, replace the switch.
4. If the reading is zero volts with switch in the RUN position, check continuity of the two-pin connector and the red/
white 18 gauge wire from the large post of the solenoid to the two-pin connector at the Tow/Run switch.
Page 11-16
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Test Procedures
5. If the continuity readings are correct, replace the Tow/Run switch.
Test Procedure 7 - Battery Pack Voltage (Under Load)
1. Before proceeding with this test procedure, the batteries must be fully charged. Using a 36 to 48-volt battery
discharge machine (Club Car No. 101831901), connect the positive (+) lead of the discharge machine to battery No. 1 positive post and connect the negative (-) lead to battery No. 6 negative post. Record reading from
discharge machine. See WARNING on page 11-11.
2. Record the voltage reading of battery pack while under load, as displayed on the discharge machine (discharge machine is ON).
3. A fully charged set of batteries in good condition should read between 46-49 volts while under load.
4. A reading of 32-46 volts indicates discharged or defective batteries. Each battery should be checked with a
multimeter while under load.
5. A reading of 32 volts or less will not activate discharge machine. Batteries are deeply discharged or defective.
6. Recording the battery pack voltage reading while under load provides a more accurate diagnosis of the condition of the batteries. When the discharge machine is ON, it places the battery pack under load and many
times can help determine if one or more batteries in the set are defective. Testing battery voltage while the
batteries are not under load will not always indicate the true condition of the batteries.
7. If batteries test okay and vehicle runs slow, test the dynamic braking solenoid for proper operation.
8. Drive vehicle approximately 100 ft. with the accelerator pedal half way depressed to the floor. Stop the vehicle
and check the resistor coil on the dynamic braking solenoid by placing hand close to (but not touching) the
coil. If the coil is hot, replace the solenoid.
WARNING
• DO NOT TOUCH THE ENERGY DISPLACEMENT MODULE (RESISTOR COIL); IT MAY BE EXTREMELY HOT. A HOT
ENERGY DISPLACEMENT MODULE COULD CAUSE SEVERE BURNS.
Test Procedure 8 - Dynamic Braking Solenoid Activating Coil
1. With key switch ON and Forward/Reverse switch in FORWARD, place Tow/Run switch in RUN. Using a multimeter
set to 200 volts DC, place the red lead on battery No. 1 positive post and the black lead on the brown wire at the
dynamic braking solenoid small post. With the accelerator pedal up, the reading should be less than 1 volt. With the
accelerator pedal depressed, the reading should be 48-50 volts (full battery voltage). See WARNING on page 1111.
2. If the reading is not approximately 48 volts when the accelerator pedal is depressed, check the continuity of the
brown wire and check pin 12 in the 23-pin connector (see Test Procedure 10). If the connector and continuity
readings are correct, replace the controller. If the reading is approximately 48 volts proceed to step 3.
3. Using a multimeter set to 200 volts DC, place black lead on battery No. 6 negative post and place red lead on the
orange/white wire at dynamic braking solenoid small post. The reading should be 48 to 50 volts (full battery voltage)
with the accelerator pedal either up or fully depressed, key switch OFF and the Forward/Reverse rocker switch in NEUTRAL and Tow/Run switch in RUN. If reading is zero volts, check continuity of the orange/white wire to the blue OBC
wire in the six-pin connector located at the OBC. If the continuity of the orange/white wire to the blue OBC wire in the
six-pin connector is present, replace the dynamic braking solenoid.
Test Procedure 9 - Key Switch and Limit Switch Circuit
1. Using a multimeter set to 200 volts DC, place the black lead on battery No. 6 negative post and place the red lead (with
insulation probe) on the green/white wire at the wiper switch six-pin connector (harness side). See WARNING on
page 11-11.
2. With Tow/Run switch in RUN, key switch ON, and Forward/Reverse rocker switch in FORWARD, the voltage
reading should be zero volts. When the accelerator pedal is depressed, the voltage reading should be approx-
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 11-17
11
11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Test Procedures
imately 48 volts (full battery voltage). If the voltage reading is zero with the accelerator pedal depressed,
check the key switch and limit switch circuit using the following test procedures.
2.1. Using a multimeter set to 200 volts DC, place black lead on battery No. 6 negative post and place red
lead (with insulation probe) on blue wire between six-pin connector and wiper switch, the reading
should be approximately 48 volts (full battery voltage).
2.2. If the reading is zero volts, check the key switch continuity and the continuity of the blue wire that goes
from the key switch to the six-pin connector at the wiper switch.
2.3. If the reading is approximately 48 volts, proceed to step 3.
3. Using a multimeter set to 200 volts DC, place the black lead on battery No. 6 negative post and place the red
lead (with insulation probe) on the blue wire at the wiper switch six-pin connector (harness side). With the key
switch ON and the Tow/Run switch in the RUN position, the reading should be approximately 48 volts (full
battery voltage).
3.1. If the reading is zero volts, check the position of the terminal pins and sockets in the six-pin connector
and make sure wire colors match. Check the blue wire on each side of the six-pin connector (at the
wiper switch) and make sure it is securely crimped to the terminal.
3.2. If the reading is approximately 48 volts, proceed to step 4.
4. Using a multimeter set to 200 volts DC, place the black lead on battery No. 6 negative post and place the red
lead (with insulation probe) on the green/white wire at a point between the wiper switch and the six-pin connector. With the Tow/Run switch in the RUN position, the key switch ON, the Forward/Reverse rocker switch in
NEUTRAL and the accelerator pedal depressed, the reading should be approximately 48 volts (full battery
voltage).
4.1.
If the reading is zero volts, test the continuity of the accelerator limit switch and the green/white wire.
4.2. If the reading is approximately 48 volts, proceed to step 5.
5. Place black lead of multimeter (set to 200 volts DC) on negative post of battery No. 6 and red lead (with insulation
probe) on the green/white wire at a point between the six-pin connector and the wire harness conduit. With the key
switch ON and the accelerator pedal depressed, the reading should be approximately 48 volts.
5.1. If reading is zero volts, make sure the terminals are properly seated in the plug housing and the green/
white wire is securely crimped to the terminal in the six-pin connector at the wiper switch.
5.2. If the reading is approximately 48 volts, check the green/white wire at the pin 3 position in the 23-pin
connector to make sure the terminal socket is properly seated in the plug and the wire is securely
crimped to the terminal. See Test Procedure 10.
Test Procedure 10 - 23-Pin Connector
1. With Tow/Run switch in the TOW position, disconnect 23-pin connector from controller. Insert small sized
screwdriver under plug clip and turn to release clip from connector. Inspect terminal ends inside plug to
ensure they are in position and seated in plug housing. If any terminals look like they are not pushed all the
way into the connector, then disconnect the red cap in plug housing before terminal sockets are repositioned.
After the terminal has been pushed into the housing, gently pull on the wire to ensure it is locked into place.
Once the terminal socket is in position, press the red cap down until it snaps into place. See WARNING on
page 11-11.
2. Check wires in the plug to make sure none are broken at the terminal pin crimp. Repair or replace as required.
3. When connecting the 23-pin connector to the controller, push plug into controller receptacle with enough force to
lock plug into place. An audible click will be heard when plug is properly seated to the controller.
Test Procedure 11 - Onboard Computer Silicon Controlled Rectifier (SCR) Circuit
1. A silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) acts as a switch between the two black wires in the OBC to complete the negative
Page 11-18
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Test Procedures
side of the circuit to allow the charger to charge the batteries. See WARNING on page 11-11.
2. A black 10 gauge wire is connected to the battery negative (B-) terminal on the controller and goes to the
onboard computer. Another black 10 gauge wire is attached to the onboard computer and goes to the
charger receptacle.
3. Use the following procedure to test the SCR:
3.1. Using a multimeter set to 200 volts DC, place the red lead on the positive post of battery No. 1 and place
the black lead on the receptacle fuse terminal that has the black 10 gauge OBC wire attached to it. The
reading should be approximately 36-42 volts.
3.2. If the reading is zero volts, check the black 10 gauge wire connections at the controller and receptacle.
Check the continuity of the black 10 gauge wires. If the wires and connections are okay, the SCR has
failed. Replace the OBC. If the reading is correct, proceed to step 4.
4. Plug in AC and DC cords. When charger relay clicks ON, reading should be approximately 48 volts (full battery voltage).
If the reading does not rise from approximately 40 volts to full battery voltage when the DC cord is plugged in and the
relay clicks ON, check the receptacle fuse and black wire terminal socket in the receptacle.
Test Procedure 12 - OBC Gray Wire and Fuse
1. Using a multimeter set to 200 volts DC, connect red lead to positive post of battery No. 1 and black lead (with
insulation probe) to gray 16 gauge wire at a point between fuse and receptacle. Reading should be approximately 48 volts. If reading is zero volts, check gray wire fuse and fuse holder. See WARNING on page 11-11.
2. If the reading in step 1 is 48 volts, plug the DC cord into the vehicle’s charger receptacle. The voltage reading
should drop to approximately 4.0 volts before the charger relay clicks on.
3. When the charger relay is activated, the reading should rise to approximately 48 volts.
4. If voltage does not drop to approximately 4.0 volts when the DC cord is plugged in and then rise to approximately 48
volts when the charger relay clicks ON, the gray wire circuit in the OBC has failed. Replace the OBC.
Test Procedure 13 - Voltage At Charger Receptacle Red Wire Socket
1. Using a multimeter set to 200 volts DC, place the black lead on the negative post of battery No. 6 and place the red
lead on the charger receptacle socket connected to the red 10 gauge wire. The reading should be 48-50 volts (full battery voltage). See WARNING on page 11-11.
2. If the reading is zero volts, check the continuity of the 10 gauge red wire from the positive post of battery No. 1 to the
receptacle socket.
Test Procedure 14 - Motor Speed Sensor
1. Disconnect the three-pin connector at the motor speed sensor. See WARNING on page 11-11.
2. Check voltage at black wire:
2.1.
Using a multimeter set to 200 volts DC, place the red lead on battery No. 1 positive post and place the black lead
on the black wire terminal socket in the three-pin connector. The voltage reading should be 48 to 50 volts (full
battery voltage).
2.2. If the reading is zero volts, check the continuity of the black wire from the 23-pin connector to the threepin connector. If the continuity is correct, replace the controller.
3. Check voltage at red/green wire:
3.1. With Tow/Run switch in RUN and using a multimeter (set on 20 volts DC), place black lead on battery No.
6 negative post and place red lead on red/green wire terminal socket in three-pin connector. Voltage
reading should be from 5.01 to 5.08 volts.
3.2. If the voltage reading is zero volts, check the continuity of the red/green wire from the 23-pin connector
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 11-19
11
11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Test Procedures
to the three-pin connector. If the wire continuity is correct, replace the controller.
3.3. If the reading is below 3.50 volts, replace the controller.
3.4. If the voltage reading is correct, proceed to step No. 4.
4. Check voltage at light green wire:
4.1. Using a multimeter set on 20 volts DC, place the black lead on battery No. 6 negative post and place the
red lead on the light green wire female terminal in the three-pin connector. The voltage reading should
be from 4.60 to 4.90 volts.
4.2. If the voltage is zero volts, check the continuity of the light green wire from the 23-pin connector to the
three-pin connector. If the continuity is correct, replace the controller.
4.3. If reading is below 3.50 volts, check wire/plug continuity and replace the controller if necessary.
5. Reconnect the three-pin connector at the motor speed sensor. Using a multimeter set to 20 volts DC, place
the black lead on battery No. 6 negative post and place the red lead (with insulation probe) on the green wire
between the three-pin connector and the motor speed sensor.
5.1. Raise one rear wheel off ground. Slowly turn the rear wheel to rotate the motor armature. As the armature rotates, the voltage reading should alternate from zero to approximately 4.85 volts. The voltage
reading will fluctuate from zero to 4.85 volts and back to zero four times for each revolution of the
motor armature
5.2.
If there is no voltage reading, or the voltage reading is not above 3.50, replace the motor speed sensor.
6. If vehicle does not operate and the main solenoid does not click, but the dynamic braking solenoid does click
when the key switch is turned ON or OFF, the motor speed sensor may be shorted. To test for this condition,
disconnect the motor speed sensor and attempt to drive the vehicle. If the vehicle operates normally, replace
the motor speed sensor. If the dynamic braking solenoid continues to click each time the key switch is turned
ON or OFF with the motor speed sensor disconnected, replace the controller.
NOTE
• THE VOLTAGE READING OF 4.85 IS AN APPROXIMATE READING. THE ACTUAL READING MAY VARY FROM 4.50 TO
4.90 VOLTS.
Test Procedure 15 - Main Solenoid Continuity
1. Raise rear wheel off ground. Using a multimeter set to 200k ohms, place the black lead on the main solenoid
large post with the yellow 6 gauge wire and place the red lead on the large post with the red 6 gauge wire.
The reading should be no continuity. See DANGER and WARNING on page 11-11.
2. With Tow/Run switch in RUN, turn the key switch to ON, place the Forward/Reverse rocker switch in FORWARD and depress the accelerator pedal. The solenoid should click and the meter should show continuity. If
the reading is no continuity, replace the solenoid.
Test Procedure 16 - Forward/Reverse Rocker Switch
1. Disconnect the three wires from the rocker switch. Using a multimeter set to ohms, place the black lead on
the white wire terminal 3 position on the rocker switch, and place the red lead at the red/white wire terminal
2 position. With the switch in NEUTRAL or REVERSE, there should be no continuity. With the switch in FORWARD, there should be continuity. If the readings are incorrect, replace the switch. See WARNING on page
11-11.
2. Place the black lead on the blue wire terminal 1 position on the rocker switch and place the red lead on the
red/white wire terminal. With the switch in REVERSE, there should be continuity. If the readings are incorrect,
replace the switch.
Page 11-20
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
Test Procedures
Test Procedure 17 - Reverse Buzzer
1. If the vehicle will not move and the solenoids do not click, place the Forward/Reverse rocker switch in the
REVERSE position and listen for the reverse warning buzzer to sound. See WARNING on page 11-11.
1.1. If the buzzer sounds, it is an indication that the Tow/Run switch and the OBC are operating properly and
sending a voltage signal to the other components in the electrical system. Test the voltage at the main
solenoid activating coil. See Test Procedure 3.
1.2. If the buzzer does not sound, the OBC or controller may be defective and should be tested. See Test
Procedure 2. See also following NOTE.
NOTE
• THE BUZZER WILL NOT SOUND IF IT HAS FAILED. USE THE FOLLOWING PROCEDURE TO TEST THE BUZZER.
2. Place Tow switch in the TOW position and disconnect the battery wires (negative cable first).
3. Remove the center dash:
3.1. Remove the plastic cap covering the screw on each side of the center dash panel. Loosen (but do not
remove) these screws.
3.2. Insert screwdriver at the top center of the dash between dash and cowl brace. Gently pry center dash
out from under edge of cowl brace.
3.3. Pull dash out approximately 1 in. from the frame and then bend the top right corner of the dash inward
while pulling the top of the panel out and down. See following NOTE.
NOTE
• BENDING THE TOP RIGHT CORNER OF THE CENTER DASH INWARD DURING REMOVAL WILL PREVENT THE
CONTACTS ON THE BACK OF THE KEY SWITCH FROM TOUCHING THE METAL FRAME AROUND THE DASH.
3.4. Slide the dash panel up the steering column by snapping the top out and then rotating the panel out
and up.
3.5. Disconnect the orange and red wires from the buzzer. Make sure the wire terminals on the key switch do
not touch vehicle frame.
4. Reconnect the battery wires (positive cable first) and tighten to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m). Coat with Battery Protector Spray (Club Car Part No. 1014305) to minimize corrosion.
5. Place the Forward/Reverse rocker switch in REVERSE.
6. Using a multimeter, set to 200 volts DC, place the black lead on battery No. 6 negative post and place the red
lead on the red wire terminal end that was disconnected from the reverse buzzer. The reading should be
approximately 48 volts (full battery voltage).
6.1. If the voltage reading is correct, proceed to step 7.
6.2. If reading is zero volts, check red wire continuity and voltage output of OBC. See Test Procedure 2.
6.3. If the continuity readings are not correct, repair or replace the red wire.
6.4. If the continuity readings are correct, proceed to step 7.
7. Place the F&R switch in REVERSE. Using a multimeter set to 200 volts DC, place the black lead on the orange
wire terminal end (that was disconnected from the reverse buzzer) and place the red lead on battery No. 1
positive post. The reading should be approximately 48 volts (full battery voltage).
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 11-21
11
11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
The Communication Display Module (CDM)
7.1. If the voltage reading is correct in steps 6 and 7, replace the reverse buzzer.
7.2. If reading is zero volts, check orange wire continuity and connection at Pin 10 in 23-Pin connector.
7.3. If there is no continuity in the orange wire, or the Pin 10 terminal in the 23-Pin connector is not properly
seated, repair or replace as required.
7.4.
If the orange wire continuity and 23-Pin connector are correct and there is no voltage at the orange wire, replace
the controller.
Test Procedure 18–Rebooting Onboard Computer
It is possible the Onboard Computer (OBC) can become “locked up”, causing the OBC solenoid lockout circuit to
malfunction. If this condition is suspected, restart the computer as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Place the Tow/Run switch in the TOW position.
Disconnect the batteries, negative cable first, as shown (Figure 11-9, Page 11-10).
Discharge the controller as instructed in the WARNING on page 11-11.
Reconnect the batteries, positive cable first, and tighten terminals to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m).
Place Tow/Run switch in the RUN position.
Test the drive vehicle. If the problem has been fixed, the vehicle will function normally. If the problem still
exists, refer to the diagnostic flow charts beginning on page 11-11.
THE COMMUNICATION DISPLAY MODULE (CDM)
The CDM can be used to retrieve from the onboard computer four important items of information that can be
useful in troubleshooting the PowerDrive Plus vehicle. To access one of these items, the item’s corresponding
Function Code must be selected on the CDM. This is done by pressing the Function Button until the desired function code is displayed in the window. See Figure 11-14, Page 11-23 for CDM features. Releasing the button
when the desired code is displayed will display the data. Function codes and corresponding data are as follows:
• F1 - Battery voltage:
This displays the battery pack’s current state of charge. A reading of less than 48 volts indicates that the batteries need to be charged. If a reading of less than 48 volts is obtained immediately after a charge cycle, there
may be a problem in the charge circuit.
• F2 - Energy units removed since last charge cycle:
If the display reads over 75 (the vehicle Battery Warning Light should be illuminated), the vehicle batteries
need to be recharged before being used again. This data can be used to make sure all vehicles in a fleet
receive equal usage on a short term basis.
• F3 - Total accumulated energy units removed since initial vehicle start-up:
This information is most useful in making sure that all vehicles in a fleet receive equal usage over long periods
of time.
• F4 - Last charge termination type (1 = incomplete, 2 = DVDT, 4 = normal, 8 = max. timer):
A 1, 2, 4, or 8 will be displayed.
1 - Indicates the last charge cycle was incomplete and the batteries were not fully charged. Batteries should
be charged again at the earliest opportunity.
2 - Indicates a back-up charge program was employed by the OBC to complete the charge cycle. A DVDT
charge may be displayed the first few times a new set of batteries is charged, and the first time a set of batteries is charged after the batteries have been disconnected and reconnected. A problem may exist if persistent
DVDT readings are obtained.
Page 11-22
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
The Communication Display Module (CDM)
4 - Indicates the last charge cycle was normal.
8 - Indicates the charger ran for sixteen hours and shut itself off without completing the charge cycle. This
means there may be a problem in the charge circuit.
The CDM also has a low battery signal which indicates when CDM batteries are weak and need replacing. Weak batteries in the CDM may cause CDM to register inaccurate information or no information.
LOW BATTERY
INDICATOR
DISPLAY
WINDOW
COMMUNICATION
DISPLAY MODULE
LOW
BATTERY
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS:
PRESS AND HOLD
BUTTON TO SHOW
FUNCTION NUMBER.
RELEASE BUTTON TO
SHOW FUNCTION VALUE.
Func1 - Battery voltage.
Func2 - Energy units removed since last charge cycle.
Func3 - Total accumulated energy units removed.
Func4 - Last charge termination type (1 = Incomplete,
2 = DVDT, 4 = Normal, 8 = Max. timer).
POWER
ON
OFF
FUNCTION
BUTTON
R
Club Car
PART #17075
COMMUNICATION
DISPLAY MODULE
Figure 11-14 CDM
USING THE CDM TO RETRIEVE DATA FROM THE ONBOARD COMPUTER
1. Turn the CDM ON.
2. Position CDM on seat bottom so it is aligned directly with the battery warning light. Ensure CDM infrared LED receiver
is pointed at battery warning light and there is a clear path between them. See following NOTE.
NOTE
• IF, BY POSITIONING CDM ON SEAT BOTTOM CDM IS UNABLE TO COLLECT DATA STREAM FROM OBC, HOLD CDM
APPROXIMATELY 6 IN. FROM BATTERY WARNING LIGHT.
3. Wait approximately 30 seconds for a value to appear in the display window.
4. If a value does not appear in the display window after 30 seconds, try adjusting the aim of the CDM and repeating
step 3 until a value appears. If there is still no reading, check for weak batteries in the CDM.
Once a value has been obtained in the display window, the CDM may be removed from its receiving position and
the data reviewed. The CDM will hold the values for F1, F2, F3, and F4 until the CDM is turned OFF or it receives
another line of data from the same or another onboard computer. Use the following procedure to review the data
stored in the CDM:
• The value currently displayed will be F1 (battery voltage).
• To view F2, press and hold the button on the CDM. When “Func 2” appears in the display window, release the
button. The value for F2 will then be displayed.
• To view F3, press and hold the button on the CDM until “Func 3” appears in the display window. Release the
button. The value for F3 will be displayed.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 11-23
11
11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND TESTING
CDM Troubleshooting Guide
• To view F4, press and hold the button on the CDM until “Func 4” appears in the display window. Release the
button. The value for F4 will be displayed
CDM TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
Use the following chart as a starting point for troubleshooting problems with communication between the CDM
and onboard computer. Contact your Club Car representative for more comprehensive information.
OBC Does Not Communicate With CDM
Defective Dash Light
Dead CDM battery
Faulty CDM unit
Faulty OBC
Replace CDM battery
Replace CDM
Replace OBC
Tow/Run switch in TOW
position
OBC program is
locked-up
Remove "+" battery lead
and discharge the
speed controller. After a
short time, replace
the lead and restart
the OBC.
OBC is in a
powerdown mode
Restart OBC by driving
vehicle or by connecting
charger DC plug
More than 75 EUs or
75% of energy removed
from batteries
Recharge batteries
Figure 11-15 Flow Chart–CDM Troubleshooting Guide
Page 11-24
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
12
SECTION 12–ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
DANGER
• BATTERY - EXPLOSIVE GASES! DO NOT SMOKE. KEEP SPARKS AND FLAMES AWAY. VENTILATE
WHEN CHARGING OR USING IN AN ENCLOSED SPACE. ALWAYS WEAR FULL FACE SHIELD WHEN
WORKING ON OR NEAR BATTERIES.
• USE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN USING TOOLS, WIRES, OR METAL OBJECTS NEAR BATTERIES! A
SHORT CIRCUIT AND (OR) SPARK COULD CAUSE AN EXPLOSION.
• BATTERY - POISON! CONTAINS ACID! CAUSES SEVERE BURNS. AVOID CONTACT WITH SKIN, EYES,
OR CLOTHING. ANTIDOTES:
- EXTERNAL: FLUSH WITH WATER. CALL A PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
- INTERNAL: DRINK LARGE QUANTITIES OF MILK OR WATER. FOLLOW WITH MILK OF MAGNESIA OR
VEGETABLE OIL. CALL A PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
- EYES: FLUSH WITH WATER FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES. CALL PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
WARNING
• ONLY TRAINED TECHNICIANS SHOULD REPAIR OR SERVICE THIS VEHICLE. ANYONE DOING EVEN SIMPLE REPAIRS
OR SERVICE SHOULD HAVE KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERIENCE IN GENERAL MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REPAIR.
FOLLOW ALL PROCEDURES EXACTLY AND HEED ALL WARNING STATEMENTS IN THIS MANUAL.
• ALWAYS WEAR SAFETY GLASSES OR APPROVED EYE PROTECTION WHILE SERVICING VEHICLE. WEAR A FULL FACE
SHIELD WHEN WORKING WITH BATTERIES.
• PLACE THE TOW/RUN SWITCH IN THE TOW POSITION BEFORE CONNECTING OR DISCONNECTING BATTERY
WIRES.
• BEFORE PERFORMING ANY TESTS OR REPAIRS, MAKE SURE CAPACITORS ARE DISCHARGED. PLACE THE TOW/RUN
SWITCH IN THE TOW POSITION, DISCONNECT BATTERY WIRES, PLACE FORWARD/REVERSE ROCKER SWITCH IN
REVERSE AND LISTEN FOR THE REVERSE BUZZER:
- IF THE REVERSE BUZZER DOES NOT SOUND, THE CAPACITORS ARE DISCHARGED.
- IF THE REVERSE BUZZER SOUNDS, TURN THE KEY SWITCH ON AND DEPRESS THE ACCELERATOR PEDAL
UNTIL THE BUZZER CAN NO LONGER BE HEARD.
• DO NOT WEAR LOOSE CLOTHING. REMOVE JEWELRY SUCH AS RINGS, WATCHES, CHAINS, ETC. BEFORE
SERVICING VEHICLE.
• ALWAYS USE INSULATED TOOLS WHEN WORKING NEAR BATTERIES OR ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS. WHEN
BATTERIES ARE CONNECTED, USE EXTREME CAUTION TO AVOID SHORT CIRCUITS IN COMPONENTS OR WIRING.
• TO AVOID UNINTENTIONALLY STARTING THE VEHICLE, DISCONNECT BATTERIES AS SHOWN IN FIGURE 12-1,
PAGE 12-2 WHEN PERFORMING TESTS THAT DO NOT REQUIRE THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM TO BE ENERGIZED.
CAUTION
• IF WIRES ARE REMOVED OR REPLACED MAKE SURE WIRING AND/OR WIRING HARNESS IS PROPERLY ROUTED
AND SECURED TO VEHICLE FRAME. FAILURE TO PROPERLY ROUTE AND SECURE WIRING COULD RESULT IN
VEHICLE MALFUNCTION, PROPERTY DAMAGE OR PERSONAL INJURY.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement
Page 12-1
12
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Key Switch
2
FRONT
OF VEHICLE
5
1
3
4
REMOVE NEGATIVE
CABLE FIRST
6
PLACE TOW SWITCH IN THE
TOW POSITION BEFORE
DISCONNECTING BATTERY
CABLES
Figure 12-1 PowerDrive Plus Battery Configuration
KEY SWITCH
Read DANGER and WARNING above.
The key switch is mounted next to the steering column on the center dash panel.
Testing The Key Switch
See Test Procedure 9, Section 11, Page 11-17.
Key Switch Removal
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position and disconnect batteries (Figure 12-1, Page 12-2). See DANGER
and WARNING on page 12-1.
2. Discharge the speed controller. See instructions in WARNING on Page 12-1.
3. Remove center dash.
3.1. Remove the plastic cap covering the screw on each side of the center dash.
3.2. Loosen (but do not remove) the screw on each side of the center dash panel.
3.3. Insert screwdriver at top center of center dash between dash and cowl brace. Gently pry center dash out
from under edge of cowl brace.
3.4.
Pull center dash out approximately one inch from the frame and then bend the top right corner of the center
dash panel inward while pulling the top of the panel out and down. See following NOTE.
NOTE
• BENDING THE TOP RIGHT CORNER OF THE CENTER DASH INWARD DURING REMOVAL WILL PREVENT THE
TERMINALS (7) ON THE BACK OF THE KEY SWITCH FROM TOUCHING THE METAL FRAME AROUND THE DASH
(FIGURE 12-2, PAGE 12-3).
4. Slide center dash panel up steering column by snapping top out and then rotating the panel out and up.
5. Disconnect the wires from the key switch. Do not allow wires to touch.
6. From the back of the dash panel, push down on the retaining tabs surrounding the key switch (4) and remove
the key switch cap (8). Hold the key switch and remove the switch retaining nut (6) from the outside of the
dash panel (Figure 12-2, Page 12-3).
Page 12-2
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
7
Forward/Reverse (F&R) Rocker Switch
4
8
9
6
Figure 12-2 Key Switch
Key Switch Installation
1. Position key switch in the center dash, then install and tighten the switch retaining nut (6) to 40 in.lb (4.5 Nm). Press the plastic cap (8) into place on the outside of the center dash (Figure 12-2, Page 12-3).
2. Connect the wires to the key switch terminals (see Section 11, Figure 11-2, Page 11-3) and then coat the
terminals with Battery Protector Spray (Club Car Part No. 1014305).
3. Install center dash by reversing removal procedure. Make sure key switch terminals (7) do not touch frame
and the center dash panel is properly seated and snapped into place (Figure 12-2, Page 12-3).
4. Reconnect battery wires (positive wire first) and tighten to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m). Place Tow/Run switch in
RUN.
FORWARD/REVERSE (F&R) ROCKER SWITCH
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 12-1.
Testing the Forward/Reverse rocker switch
See Test Procedure 16, Section 11, Page 11-20.
Forward/Reverse (F&R) Rocker Switch Removal
1. Remove three self tapping screws (3) that hold F&R rocker switch case (2) to body (Figure 12-3, Page 12-4).
2. Remove red/white (4), blue (5), and white (6) 18 gauge wires from rocker switch (Figure 12-3, Page 12-4).
3. Depress locking tabs (1) on each end of switch and push switch out of case (Figure 12-3, Page 12-4).
Forward/Reverse (F&R) Rocker Switch Installation
1. Depress locking tabs (1) on each end of switch and push switch into case (Figure 12-3, Page 12-4).
2. Connect red/white (4), blue (5), and white (6) 18 gauge wires to rocker switch (Figure 12-3, Page 12-4).
3. Install the three self tapping screws (3) that hold the F&R rocker switch case (2) to the body (Figure 12-3,
Page 12-4). Tighten to 20 in.lb (2.2 N-m).
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 12-3
12
12
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Accelerator Pedal Limit Switch
1
2
F
6
TYPICAL
3 PLACES
3
4
5
Figure 12-3 Forward/Reverse Rocker Switch
ACCELERATOR PEDAL LIMIT SWITCH
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 12-1.
Testing the Accelerator Pedal Limit Switch
See Test Procedure 5, Section 11, Page 11-16.
Accelerator Pedal Limit Switch Removal
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position, disconnect batteries (negative cable first) (Figure 12-1, Page 122) and discharge speed controller.
2. Remove the No. 5 and No. 6 batteries from the vehicle.
3. Remove the cover from the wiper switch housing.
4. Disconnect the accelerator rod from the ball stud on the wiper switch.
5. Remove and retain the screws, lock washers, and nuts attaching the limit switch to the wiper switch.
6. Disconnect the green/white and blue wires from the limit switch.
Accelerator Pedal Limit Switch Installation
1. Position the Accelerator Pedal Limit switch on the wiper switch body and install the mounting screws, lock
washers, and nuts. Tighten the screws to 5 in.lb (0.6 N-m).
2. Connect the accelerator rod ball joint to the ball stud on the wiper switch.
3. Connect the green/white wire to the normally closed (NC) terminal and the blue wire to the common (COM)
terminal of the limit switch. The normally open (NO) terminal should have no wire attached.
4. Install the cover on the wiper switch (make sure all three tabs snap into place).
5. Install and connect the No. 5 and No. 6 batteries, leaving the No. 6 negative (–) post disconnected.
6. Connect battery cables to battery No. 1 positive (+) first, then connect cable to battery No. 6 negative (–). Tighten terminals to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m).
7. Place Tow/Run switch in RUN.
Page 12-4
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Reverse Buzzer
REVERSE BUZZER
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 12-1.
Testing the Reverse Buzzer
See Test Procedure 17, Section 11, Page 11-21.
Reverse Buzzer Removal
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position, disconnect batteries (Figure 12-1, Page 12-2) and discharge speed controller.
2. Remove center dash. See Remove Center Dash, page 12-2.
3. Disconnect the 18 gauge red and orange wires from reverse buzzer.
4. Remove the two screws from the reverse buzzer. Remove the reverse buzzer from the center dash panel.
Reverse Buzzer Installation
1. Install the reverse buzzer in the reverse order of removal. Tighten screws to 4 in.lb (0.45 N-m).
2. Reconnect battery wires (positive cable first) and tighten to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m). Place Tow/Run switch in the
RUN position.
MAIN SOLENOID
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 12-1.
The main solenoid is located on the passenger side of the electrical component mounting plate.
Testing the Main Solenoid
See Test Procedure 3, Section 11, Page 11-15.
13
1
3
2
5
4
8
7
TYPICAL
2 PLACES
8
6
12
10
TYPICAL
2 PLACES
11
Figure 12-4 Main Solenoid
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 12-5
12
12
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Dynamic Braking Solenoid
Main Solenoid Removal
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position and disconnect batteries. See Figure 12-1, Page 12-2.
2. Remove the rear body access door.
3. Disconnect all wires from the solenoid (12) (Figure 12-4, Page 12-5).
4. Loosen, but do not remove, one of the thread rolling screws (11) that hold the solenoid mounting bracket (10)
to the component mounting plate (Figure 12-4, Page 12-5).
5. Lift the solenoid (12) up and out of the mounting bracket (10) (Figure 12-4, Page 12-5).
Main Solenoid Installation
1. Mount solenoid (12) onto component mounting plate with mounting bracket (10) (Figure 12-4, Page 12-5).
2. Tighten thread rolling screws (11) to 20 in.lb (2.2 N-m) (Figure 12-4, Page 12-5).
3. Install washers (8), wires (2, 4 and 13) and lock nuts (1) onto large mounting posts. Tighten nuts to 60 in.lb (6.7 N-m)
(Figure 12-4, Page 12-5). See Section 11, Figure 11-1, Page 11-2 for wire destinations.
4. Install wires (3 and 6) and nuts (7) onto small mounting posts. Tighten to 18 in.lb (2.0 N-m) (Figure 12-4, Page
12-5).
5. Install rear body access door.
6. Connect batteries (positive cable first) (Figure 12-1, Page 12-2) and tighten to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m). Place
Tow/Run switch in RUN.
1
14
2
3
13
4
8
9
5
6
7
16
15
4
5
10
12
11
6
TYPICAL
2 PLACES
Figure 12-5 Dynamic Braking Solenoid
DYNAMIC BRAKING SOLENOID
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 12-1.
The dynamic braking solenoid is located on the driver side of the electrical component mounting plate.
Page 12-6
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Onboard Computer (OBC)
Testing the Dynamic Braking Solenoid
See Test Procedure 8, Section 11, Page 11-17.
Dynamic Braking Solenoid Removal
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position, disconnect the batteries and discharge the controller (Figure 12-1,
Page 12-2).
2. Remove the rear body access door.
3. Disconnect all wires from the solenoid (12) (Figure 12-5, Page 12-6).
4. Loosen, but do not remove, one of the self tapping screws (11) that hold the solenoid mounting bracket (10)
to the component mounting plate (Figure 12-5, Page 12-6).
5. Lift the solenoid (12) up and out of the mounting bracket (10) (Figure 12-5, Page 12-6).
Dynamic Braking Solenoid Installation
1. Mount solenoid onto component mounting plate with mounting bracket (10) (Figure 12-5, Page 12-6).
2. Tighten thread rolling screws (11) to 60 in.lb (6.7 N-m) (Figure 12-5, Page 12-6).
3. Install washers (8), mounting tabs (2), wires (13, 14) and flanged lock nuts (1) onto large mounting posts. Tighten nuts
to 60 in.lb (6.7 N-m) (Figure 12-5, Page 12-6). See Section 11, Figure 11-1, Page 11-2 for correct wire destinations.
4. Install wires (15, 16) and nuts (7) onto small mounting posts. Tighten nuts to 18 in.lb (2.0 N-m) (Figure 12-5, Page 126).
5. Install rear body access door.
6. Connect batteries (positive cable first) and tighten to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m) (Figure 12-1, Page 12-2). Place
Tow/Run switch in RUN.
ONBOARD COMPUTER (OBC)
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 12-1.
Testing the Onboard Computer
See Test Procedures 2, 11 and 12, Section 11, Page 11-14, Page 11-18 and Page 11-19.
Onboard Computer Removal
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position and disconnect the batteries (Figure 12-1, Page 12-2).
2. Remove rear body access door and unplug six pin connector (16) at OBC (Figure 12-6, Page 12-8).
3. Remove black 10 gauge and 6 gauge wires (9 and 14) from controller B- terminal (Figure 12-6, Page 12-8).
4. Disconnect the gray wire fuse holder at the charger receptacle.
5. Disconnect the black 10 gauge wire (8) at the charger receptacle.
6. Cut the wire tie that secures the OBC wire harness to the I-beam.
7. Loosen, do not remove, self tapping screws (17) holding OBC to component mounting plate (Figure 12-6, Page 128).
8. Slide OBC towards outside of vehicle and align heads of self tapping screws (17) with the two holes in the OBC face
plate (Figure 12-6, Page 12-8). Pull OBC towards rear of vehicle and remove from component mounting plate.
Onboard Computer Installation
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position and disconnect the batteries (Figure 12-1, Page 12-2).
2. Remove the rear body access door.
3. Install OBC onto component mounting plate by aligning two holes on OBC face plate with two holes on component
mounting plate. Slide OBC towards inside of vehicle and align heads of self tapping screws (17) with smaller part of
two holes in OBC face plate (Figure 12-6, Page 12-8). Tighten screws to 60 in.lb (6.7 N-m).
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 12-7
12
12
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Onboard Computer (OBC)
Onboard Computer Installation, Continued:
1
2
13
3
14
9
3
5
8
15
TYPICAL
2 PLACES
17
16
Figure 12-6 Onboard Computer
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Attach wire tie so the OBC wire harness is secured to the I-beam.
Connect the black 10 gauge wire (8) to the charger receptacle.
Connect the gray wire fuse holder to the charger receptacle.
Connect black 10 and 6 gauge wires (9 and 14) to controller B- terminal (Figure 12-6, Page 12-8).
Plug the six-pin connector (16) into the OBC (Figure 12-6, Page 12-8).
Install the rear body access door.
10. Reconnect battery cables (positive cable first) and tighten to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m) (Figure 12-1, Page 12-2). Place
Tow/Run switch in RUN.
TYPICAL
2 PLACES
7
1
2
8
8
13
9
10
TYPICAL
3 PLACES
12
3
17
14
1
2
3
11
3
5
18
1
2
6
3
3
3
15
5
5
3
4
16
3
2
Figure 12-7 Speed Controller
Page 12-8
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
1
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Solid State Speed Controller
SOLID STATE SPEED CONTROLLER
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 12-1.
Testing the Solid State Speed Controller
See Test Procedure 5, Section 11, Page 11-16.
Speed Controller Removal
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position and disconnect the batteries. See Figure 12-1, Page 12-2.
2. Remove the rear body access door.
3. Disconnect all wires from the speed controller (6) (Figure 12-7, Page 12-8).
4. Remove the three self tapping screws (17) that hold the controller (6) to the component mounting plate and
remove the controller from the vehicle (Figure 12-7, Page 12-8).
Speed Controller Installation
1. Install the three self tapping screws (17) that hold the controller (6) to the component mounting plate and
tighten to 60 in.lb (6.7 N-m) (Figure 12-7, Page 12-8).
2. Install wires (12, 13, 14, 15, 16 and 18) as illustrated in Figure 12-7, Page 12-8. Tighten nuts (1) to 9 ft.lb (12.2
N-m). Tighten nut (10) to 32 in.lb (3.6 N-m). See Section 11, Figure 11-1, Page 11-2 for wire destinations.
3. Install rear body access door.
4. Reconnect battery cables (positive cable first) and tighten to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m) (Figure 12-1, Page 12-2).
Place Tow/Run switch in RUN.
CHARGER RECEPTACLE ASSEMBLY
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 12-1.
Testing the Charger Receptacle
See Test Procedure 13, Section 11, Page 11-19.
NOTE
• DISASSEMBLY OF THE CHARGER RECEPTACLE, FOR THE PURPOSE OF REMOVAL OR INSTALLATION, IS NOT
RECOMMENDED.
Charger Receptacle Removal
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position and disconnect the batteries. See Figure 12-1, Page 12-2.
2. Remove the 10 gauge red wire (4) from the positive post of battery No. 1 (Figure 12-8, Page 12-10).
3. Remove black 10 gauge OBC wire (5) from charger receptacle assembly (Figure 12-8, Page 12-10).
4. Disconnect the gray wire (9) from the receptacle at the yellow fuse holder (Figure 12-8, Page 12-10).
5. Remove the four screws (1) that secure the charger receptacle bezel (8) to the receptacle backing plate and to
the vehicle body (Figure 12-8, Page 12-10).
6. Move the receptacle assembly toward the front of the vehicle and tilt receptacle upwards in order for the
receptacle to pass through the hole in the vehicle body.
Charger Receptacle Installation
1. Insert the 10 gauge red wire (4) and the 18 gauge gray wire (3) through the hole in the vehicle body and the
receptacle backing plate (Figure 12-8, Page 12-10).
2. Insert receptacle into vehicle body.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 12-9
12
12
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Charger Receptacle Assembly
Charger Receptacle Installation, Continued:
3. Install the four screws (1) that secure the receptacle assembly to the vehicle body and receptacle backing
plate (8). Tighten screws to 11 in.lb (1.2 N-m) (Figure 12-8, Page 12-10).
4. Connect 18 gauge gray wire (9) to yellow fuse holder. Make sure fuse (11) is installed in fuse holder.
5. Connect the 10 gauge black wire (5) to the receptacle fuse link (6) on the charger receptacle assembly (Figure
12-8, Page 12-10).
6. Connect the 10 gauge red wire (4) to the positive post of battery No. 1.
7. Connect battery cables (positive cable first) and tighten to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m) (Figure 12-1, Page 12-2). Place
Tow/Run switch in RUN.
RECEPTACLE FUSE LINK
The fuse link on the PowerDrive Plus vehicle should not blow under normal operating conditions. However, if the
fuse link has blown, the vehicle will not charge and the fuse must be replaced. The fuse link is mounted on top of
the charger receptacle in the battery compartment.
6
1
2
7
TYPICAL
2 PLACES
11
8
9
3
4
5
Figure 12-8 Charger Receptacle
Receptacle Fuse Link Removal
1. Remove the fuse link assembly (6) from the charger receptacle (7) by removing the two nuts and washers
used to secure the 10 gauge black wire from the computer (5) and the 10 gauge black wire to the receptacle
(Figure 12-8, Page 12-10).
2. Remove the fuse link (6) from the charger receptacle (Figure 12-8, Page 12-10).
Receptacle Fuse Link Installation
1. Insert the two fuse link mounting posts into the mounting holes in the charger receptacle.
2. Place the two 10 gauge black wires in their original positions on the fuse link mounting posts.
3. Install nuts (2) on fuse link mounting posts and tighten to 19 in.lb (2.1 N-m) (Figure 12-8, Page 12-10).
Page 12-10
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Multi-step Potentiometer
MULTI-STEP POTENTIOMETER
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 12-1.
Testing the Multi-step Potentiometer
See Section 11, Test Procedure 4, Page 11-18.
Multi-step Potentiometer Removal
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position and disconnect the batteries (Figure 12-1, Page 12-2).
2. Remove the battery wire connecting batteries No. 5 and No. 6 and the battery wire connecting batteries No. 5
and No. 4 (Figure 12-1, Page 12-2).
3. Remove the hold-down bracket from the No. 5 and No. 6 batteries and then remove the No. 5 and No. 6 batteries from the vehicle (Figure 12-1, Page 12-2).
4. Slide back the ball stud retainer on the potentiometer end of the accelerator rod (1) and disconnect the accelerator rod from the multi-step potentiometer (Figure 12-9, Page 12-12).
5. Disconnect the six-pin connector (2) from the wire harness, at the multi-step potentiometer (Figure 12-9,
Page 12-12).
6. Remove the nuts (6) and washers (7) from underneath the I-Beam and lift the multi-step potentiometer
assembly from the frame. Remove the shim plate (8) (Figure 12-9, Page 12-12).
Multi-step Potentiometer Disassembly
1. Remove nuts (30) and slide bolt (29) out of potentiometer housing (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17).
2. Remove the nut (32) and bell crank (34) (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17).
3. Slide the wiper arm assembly out of the housing (1) (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17).
4. Remove the spring cotter pin (if present) (18) and disassemble the wiper arm assembly. Unscrew the adjustment screw (23), retainer nut (19), and spring (21). Remove all thread locking compound (if present) from the
threads using gasket remover (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17).
5. To remove the bearings (22) (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17) lightly tap them from the back with a punch.
Multi-step Potentiometer Assembly
1. Install bearings (22) into the potentiometer housing by lightly tapping them with a plastic hammer. Make sure the
collars of the bearings are flush against the housing (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17).
2. With spring (21) in place, hold wiper arm (26) and carrier (20) together (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17). See following
CAUTION.
CAUTION
• MAKE SURE THE SPRING IS IN THE RECESSED AREA OF THE WIPER ARM. IF THE SPRING IS NOT IN PLACE, THE
WIPER ARM MAY BREAK IF FORCED.
3. Install the adjustment screw (23) and nut (19) (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17).
NOTE
• WIPER ARM SHOULD BE ADJUSTED AFTER THE POTENTIOMETER IS FULLY ASSEMBLED.
4. Slide the wiper arm assembly (20) into the potentiometer housing and install the bell crank (34). If ball stud
(33) was removed, insert it through the bell crank with ball stud facing down and away from housing and
install the nut (35). While holding ball stud with a wrench, tighten the nut to 5 ft.lb (7 N-m) (Figure 12-13,
Page 12-17).
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 12-11
12
12
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Multi-step Potentiometer
Multi-step Potentiometer Assembly, Continued:
5. While holding the bell crank so the arm does not exert a load on the housing, install the nut (32) and tighten
to 9 ft.lb (12 N-m) (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17).
6. Install screw (29), lock washer (9), and nut (30) through potentiometer housing (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17).
7. Install nuts (30) and yellow 18 gauge wire (8) onto the screw and tighten to 40 in.lb (4.5 N-m).
WARNING
• MAKE SURE WIPER ARM ROTATES FREELY IN POTENTIOMETER HOUSING. IF ARM BINDS OR STICKS, IT MUST BE
REPLACED.
8. Adjust the potentiometer arm. See Page 12-13.
Multi-step Potentiometer Installation
CAUTION
• BEFORE INSTALLING THE WIPER SWITCH, INSPECT THE HOUSING FOR CRACKS OR DAMAGE. IF THE HOUSING IS
DAMAGED, THE ENTIRE HOUSING WITH FIXED CONTACTS MUST BE REPLACED.
NO
TI
C
E
2
MULTI-STEP
POTENTIOMETER
10
Club
Car
1
8
TYPICAL
2 PLACES
7
6
9
POTENTIOMETER
MOUNTING
Figure 12-9 Multi-step Potentiometer Mounting
1. Position shim plate (8) on frame I-Beam with mounting holes properly aligned (Figure 12-9, Page 12-12).
2. Push locking tabs out of retainers, and remove potentiometer cover (9) (Figure 12-9, Page 12-12).
3. Position the potentiometer on the shim plate and frame with mounting holes aligned and insert the mounting bolts (10) through the potentiometer base, the shim plate, and the frame as shown (Figure 12-9, Page
12-12).
4. Hold the mounting bolts in place while installing the washers (7) and nuts (6). Tighten nuts to 36 in.lb (4.1 Nm) (Figure 12-9, Page 12-12).
Page 12-12
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Multi-step Potentiometer
WARNING
• AFTER INSTALLING THE WIPER SWITCH, MAKE SURE IT IS SECURELY FASTENED TO THE VEHICLE FRAME.
5. Connect the six-pin connector to the wire harness at the multi-step potentiometer.
6. Connect the accelerator rod (1) to the potentiometer (Figure 12-9, Page 12-12).
7. Make sure wiper contact is positioned squarely on the last stationary contact when the accelerator pedal is
depressed; otherwise, top vehicle speed will not be achieved.
8. Make sure wiper switch and pedal group are properly adjusted. See Section 5–Accelerator and Brake Pedal
Group in the Maintenance and Service Manual.
9. Install and connect the No. 5 and No. 6 batteries leaving the No. 6 negative (–) post disconnected. Tighten terminals to
110 in.lb (12.4 N-m).
10. Reconnect battery cables to battery No. 1 positive (+) first, then connect cable to battery No. 6 negative (–). Tighten
terminals to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m). Place the Tow/Run switch in the RUN position.
11. Drive the vehicle and inspect it for proper operation.
CAUTION
• DO NOT OPERATE VEHICLE WITHOUT WIPER SWITCH COVER IN PLACE. OPERATING THE VEHICLE WITHOUT THE
COVER ALLOWS DIRT, DUST, AND WATER TO CONTAMINATE THE WIPER SWITCH, WHICH COULD CAUSE THE
SWITCH TO FAIL OR MALFUNCTION.
MULTI-STEP POTENTIOMETER ARM ADJUSTMENT
The contact surfaces on the multi-step potentiometer arm brush and fixed contacts must be parallel to ensure efficient
operation of the multi-step potentiometer (Figure 12-10, Page 12-14). Adjust arm contact as follows:
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position and disconnect battery cables, negative cable first (Figure 12-1,
Page 12-2). Remove the No. 5 and No. 6 batteries from the vehicle and remove the cover from the multi-step
potentiometer.
2. Test the multi-step potentiometer arm and fixed contacts for proper adjustment:
2.1.
With a dry erase marker, completely coat each of the fixed contacts.
2.2. Sweep the multi-step potentiometer arm brush back and forth across the fixed contacts. Scraping of the
ink should show contact on at least 30% of the surface on each fixed contact. If 30% contact is not
shown, surface contact should be adjusted.
3. To adjust surface contact, remove the spring cotter pin (if present) (18) and turn the adjustment screw (23)
(Figure 12-13, Page 12-17) until the surfaces of the multi-step potentiometer arm brush and fixed contacts
are parallel (Figure 12-10, Page 12-14). See following NOTE.
NOTE
• A MID-MODEL YEAR DESIGN CHANGE RESULTED IN THE REMOVAL OF THE SPRING COTTER PIN (18) AND THE
REPLACEMENT OF THE HEX NUT (19) WITH A NYLON LOCK NUT (FIGURE 12-13, PAGE 12-17). USE OF A
LOCKING COMPOUND IS NOT NECESSARY IN CONJUNCTION WITH A NYLON LOCK NUT.
• IF THE MULTI-STEP POTENTIOMETER ARM BRUSH IS WORN TO OR BEYOND THE WEAR LIMIT LINE (FIGURE 12-11,
PAGE 12-14) IT SHOULD BE REPLACED. IF ANY OF THE FIXED CONTACTS ARE EXCESSIVELY WORN, PITTED, OR
BURNED, THE ENTIRE HOUSING, WITH FIXED CONTACTS, MUST BE REPLACED.
• A THREAD LOCKING COMPOUND HAS BEEN PLACED ON THE THREADS OF THE CONTACT STUDS TO PREVENT
REMOVAL OF THE FIXED CONTACTS.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 12-13
12
12
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Multi-step Potentiometer
Multi-step Potentiometer Arm Adjustment, Continued:
4. After adjustment has been made, apply one drop of Loctite® 290 thread locking compound to the adjustment
screw (23) at the hex nut (19). Then install the spring cotter pin (18) through the hole in the adjustment screw
(Figure 12-13, Page 12-17). See preceding NOTE.
MULTI-STEP POTENTIOMETER ARM BRUSH REPLACEMENT
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position and disconnect battery cables, negative cable first.
2. Remove battery Nos. 5 and 6 from the vehicle (Figure 12-1, Page 12-2).
3. Disconnect accelerator rod from ball stud and place the wiper switch arm on the topmost fixed contact.
4. Remove the first nut (30), and lock washer (9) from the bolt (29) and remove the 18 gauge yellow wire (8) (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17).
WIPER ARM BRUSH
WEAR LIMIT LINE
WIPER ARM BRUSH AND FIXED CONTACTS
SHOULD SEAT FIRMLY AGAINST EACH OTHER
WIPER
ARM
BRUSH
FIXED
CONTACT
SIDE VIEW
WIPER ARM BRUSH
RIGHT
WRONG
WRONG
Figure 12-10 Wiper Arm Brush and Fixed Contacts
Figure 12-11 Wiper Arm Brush Wear Limit Line
5. Remove the second and third nuts (30) from the bolt (29) and then remove the bolt from the potentiometer
housing (1) (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17).
6. Remove the fourth nut (30) and wire (42) from the bolt (29) (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17).
7. Replace the wiper arm brush (27) as follows (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17).
Remove screw (25) and lock washer (14). Pull arm assembly away from fixed contacts (Figure 12-13, Page 1217).
7.2. Remove the brush by pulling the wire through the hole in the wiper arm.
7.3. Install new wiper arm brush assembly (27) (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17).
7.4. Install screw (25) and lock washer (14) through wiper arm into brush. Tighten screw to 7 in.lb (0.8 N-m) (Figure
12-13, Page 12-17).
Install arm brush wire terminal (42) onto the bolt (29) and then install the nut (30). Thread the nut against the
arm brush wire terminal and tighten it to 40 in.lb (4.5 N-m) (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17).
Install the bolt (29) through the potentiometer housing (1) and then install the two nuts (30) onto the bolt.
Tighten the nuts to 40 in.lb (4.5 N-m) (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17).
Install the 18 gauge yellow wire onto the bolt (29), then install the lock washer (9) and nut (30). Tighten nut to 40 in.lb
(4.5 N-m) (Figure 12-13, Page 12-17).
Connect the accelerator rod to the ball stud.
Check wiper arm brush contact for proper adjustment. See Page 12-13.
Check accelerator and brake pedal adjustment. See Section 5–Accelerator and Brake Pedal Group in the
Maintenance and Service Manual.
7.1.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Page 12-14
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Multi-step Potentiometer
14. Install potentiometer cover and install and connect the No. 5 and No. 6 batteries leaving the No. 6 negative (–) post
disconnected. Tighten terminals to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m).
15. Reconnect battery cables to battery No. 1 positive (+) first, then connect cable to battery No. 6 negative (–). Tighten
terminals to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m). Place the Tow/Run switch in the RUN position.
MULTI-STEP POTENTIOMETER ADJUSTMENT
Each of the adjustments listed in the following WARNING affects multi-step potentiometer adjustment. To ensure
proper vehicle operation, if any one item requires adjustment, all must be checked, and adjusted if necessary, in the
order listed.
WARNING
• TO PROPERLY ADJUST MULTI-STEP POTENTIOMETER, CHECK, AND ADJUST IF NECESSARY, THE FOLLOWING
ITEMS IN THE ORDER LISTED:
- BRAKE PEDAL AND CABLE ADJUSTMENT. SEE SECTION 5–ACCELERATOR AND BRAKE PEDAL GROUP IN
MAINTENANCE AND SERVICE MANUAL.
- ACCELERATOR ROD ADJUSTMENT. SEE SECTION 5–ACCELERATOR AND BRAKE PEDAL GROUP IN
MAINTENANCE AND SERVICE MANUAL.
- ACCELERATOR PEDAL STOP ADJUSTMENT. SEE SECTION 5–ACCELERATOR AND BRAKE PEDAL GROUP
IN MAINTENANCE AND SERVICE MANUAL.
- PARK BRAKE ADJUSTMENT. SEE SECTION 5–ACCELERATOR AND BRAKE PEDAL GROUP IN
MAINTENANCE AND SERVICE MANUAL.
• FAILURE TO CHECK ALL ADJUSTMENTS IN THE ORDER LISTED COULD RESULT IN IMPROPER VEHICLE OPERATION,
PROPERTY DAMAGE, OR SEVERE PERSONAL INJURY.
RESISTORS
Resistor Removal
1. Push locking tabs out of the retainers and remove multi-step potentiometer cover (1) (Figure 12-12, Page
12-16).
2. Remove the two thread-rolling screws (32) and resistor protector cover (39) from the multi-step potentiometer (Figure 12-12, Page 12-16).
3. Remove the seven 1/4-20 hex nuts securing the resistors to the multi-step potentiometer.
4. Remove the six resistors from the multi-step potentiometer.
Resistor Installation
1. Install the 910 ohm resistor assembly (26) (color bands white, brown, and gold) onto the third and fourth
threaded posts (Figure 12-12, Page 12-16). See following NOTE.
NOTE
• THE COLOR BANDS ON THE RESISTORS DO NOT NEED TO BE ORIENTED IN ANY PARTICULAR DIRECTION WHEN
INSTALLED.
2. Install the 750 ohm resistor assembly (27) (color bands violet, green, brown, and gold) onto the fourth and
fifth threaded posts (Figure 12-12, Page 12-16).
3. Install the 910 ohm resistor assembly (28) (color bands white, brown and gold) onto the fifth and sixth
threaded posts (Figure 12-12, Page 12-16).
4. Install the 1000 ohm resistor assembly (29) (color bands brown, black, red, and gold) onto the sixth and seventh threaded posts (Figure 12-12, Page 12-16).
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 12-15
12
12
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Battery Warning Light
Resistor Installation, Continued:
NO
TI
C
E
34
POST 7
39
POST 8
30
POST 6
POST 5
POST 4
1
POST 9
28
31
25
POST 3
26
29
POST 2
27
Club
Car
POST 1
24
32
Figure 12-12 Resistors
5. Install the 1000 ohm resistor assembly (30) (color bands brown, black, red, and gold) onto the seventh and
eighth threaded posts (Figure 12-12, Page 12-16).
6. Install the 1000 ohm resistor assembly (31) (color bands brown, black, red, and gold) onto the eighth and
ninth threaded posts (Figure 12-12, Page 12-16).
7. Make sure the purple wire (24) is connected to the third threaded post and the white/black wire (25) is connected to the ninth threaded post (Figure 12-12, Page 12-16).
WARNING
• MAKE SURE WIRES ARE CONNECTED TO WIPER SWITCH CONTACTS EXACTLY AS STATED. IF THEY ARE NOT, THE
VEHICLE COULD START IN A SPEED OTHER THAN FIRST.
8. Install seven 1/4-20 hex nuts onto the threaded posts (with resistors attached) and tighten to 40 in.lb (4.5 Nm) (Figure 12-12, Page 12-16).
9. Coat all terminals with Battery Protector Spray (Club Car Part Number 1014305) to minimize corrosion.
BATTERY WARNING LIGHT
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 12-1.
Testing the Battery Warning Light
1. Turn key switch OFF, place Tow/Run switch in TOW and place Forward/Reverse rocker switch in NEUTRAL.
2. Disconnect the six-pin connector at the OBC.
3. Remove the wedge lock from the six-pin connector housing that is connected to the vehicle wire harness.
Remove the brown wire from the connector plug.
4. Using a jumper wire with an alligator clip at each end, connect one alligator clip to the negative post of battery No. 1 and the other alligator clip to the brown wire terminal socket that was removed from the six-pin
connector plug.
Page 12-16
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Battery Warning Light
11
36
NO
TI
C
E
3
31
TYPICAL
7 PLACES
4
9
10
6
5
15
12
14
1
13
16
27
17
24
26
14
38
25
7
REFERENCE
ACCELERATOR
ROD
23
21
32
22
20
9
8
30
19
30
28
9
33
22
42
34
35
18
29
39
Club
Car
40
41
TYPICAL
2 PLACES
37
Figure 12-13 Multi-step Potentiometer
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 12-17
12
12
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Energy Displacement Module
Testing the Battery Warning Light, Continued:
5. Install the wedgelock in the six-pin connector housing and reconnect the six-pin connector plug. Place the
Tow/Run switch in the RUN position and the battery light should illuminate. If the light does not illuminate,
replace the battery warning light assembly.
Battery Warning Light Removal
1. Place Tow/Run switch in TOW and disconnect the battery wires as shown (Figure 12-1, Page 12-2).
2. Remove center dash. See Remove Center Dash on Page 12-2.
3. Disconnect the brown wire at the spade terminal and remove the orange/white wire from the key switch. Do
not allow wires to touch.
4. Depress the two retaining tabs and remove the light from the center dash.
Battery Warning Light Installation
1. Install in reverse order of removal. Reconnect battery wires (positive cable first) and tighten to 110 in.lb (12.4
N-m). Place Tow/Run switch in the RUN position.
ENERGY DISPLACEMENT MODULE
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 12-1.
Energy Displacement Module Removal
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position and disconnect battery cables (Figure 12-1, Page 12-2).
2. Remove the two 1/4 in. nuts, lock washers, flat washers and bolts that secure the coil to the mounting tabs
and remove coil (Figure 12-5, Page 12-6).
Energy Displacement Module Installation
1. Installation is reverse of removal. Position the coil ends as shown in Figure 12-5, Page 12-6 and tighten the nuts
(6) to 75 in.lb (8.5 N-m). See also Figure 12-14, Page 12-18. See following CAUTION.
CAUTION
• BE SURE ALL WIRES ARE SECURED IN PLACE SO THEY DO NOT COME INTO CONTACT WITH THE COIL.
2. Reconnect battery cables (positive cable first) and tighten to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m). Place the Tow/Run switch in
the RUN position.
DYNAMIC BRAKING
SOLENOID
RESISTOR COILS
Figure 12-14 Energy Displacement Module
Page 12-18
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Tow/Run Switch
ING
ARN
TOW
RUN
6
W
5
9
F
11
10
Figure 12-15 Tow/Run Switch
TOW/RUN SWITCH
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 12-1.
Testing the Tow/Run Switch
See Section 11, Test Procedure 6, Page 11-16.
Tow/Run Switch Removal
1. Place Tow/Run switch in TOW and disconnect the battery wires as shown (Figure 12-1, Page 12-2).
2. Remove Tow/Run switch boot/hex nut (6) (Figure 12-15, Page 12-19).
3. Remove nut (9) and Tow/Run switch (10) from bracket (5) (Figure 12-15, Page 12-19).
4. Disconnect two-pin connector (11) and remove switch (Figure 12-15, Page 12-19).
Tow/Run Switch Installation
1. Installation is reverse of removal. Make sure groove on switch is aligned with tang on bracket. If knurled nut is
present, tighten nut (9) to 23 in.lb (2.6 N-m). Tighten Tow/Run switch boot/hex nut (6) to 16 in.lb (1.8 N-m) (Figure
12-15, Page 12-19).
2. Reconnect battery wires, positive cable first, and tighten to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m). Coat terminals with Battery
Protector Spray (Club Car Part No. 1014305) to minimize corrosion.
3. Place Tow/Run switch in the RUN position.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 12-19
12
12
13
SECTION 13–BATTERIES
DANGER
• BATTERY - EXPLOSIVE GASES! DO NOT SMOKE. KEEP SPARKS AND FLAMES AWAY. VENTILATE
WHEN CHARGING OR USING IN AN ENCLOSED SPACE. ALWAYS WEAR FULL FACE SHIELD AND
RUBBER GLOVES WHEN WORKING ON BATTERIES.
• USE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN USING TOOLS, WIRES, OR METAL OBJECTS NEAR BATTERIES! A
SHORT CIRCUIT AND (OR) SPARK COULD CAUSE AN EXPLOSION.
• BATTERY - POISON! CONTAINS ACID! CAUSES SEVERE BURNS. AVOID CONTACT WITH SKIN, EYES,
OR CLOTHING. ANTIDOTES:
- EXTERNAL: FLUSH WITH WATER. CALL A PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
- INTERNAL: DRINK LARGE QUANTITIES OF MILK OR WATER. FOLLOW WITH MILK OF MAGNESIA OR
VEGETABLE OIL. CALL A PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
- EYES: FLUSH WITH WATER FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES. CALL PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
WARNING
• ONLY TRAINED TECHNICIANS SHOULD REPAIR OR SERVICE THIS VEHICLE. ANYONE DOING EVEN SIMPLE REPAIRS
OR SERVICE SHOULD HAVE KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERIENCE IN GENERAL ELECTRICAL REPAIR. FOLLOW ALL
PROCEDURES EXACTLY AND HEED ALL WARNINGS STATED IN THIS MANUAL.
• ALWAYS WEAR APPROVED EYE PROTECTION WHILE SERVICING VEHICLE. WEAR A FULL FACE SHIELD AND
RUBBER GLOVES WHEN WORKING WITH BATTERIES.
• TURN KEY SWITCH OFF, PLACE FORWARD/REVERSE ROCKER SWITCH IN NEUTRAL, AND REMOVE KEY PRIOR TO
SERVICING.
• DO NOT WEAR LOOSE CLOTHING. REMOVE JEWELRY SUCH AS RINGS, WATCHES, CHAINS, ETC. BEFORE
SERVICING VEHICLE.
• ALWAYS USE INSULATED TOOLS WHEN WORKING NEAR BATTERIES OR ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS.
• BEFORE PERFORMING TESTS OR REPAIRS MAKE SURE CAPACITORS ARE DISCHARGED. PLACE TOW/RUN SWITCH
IN TOW, DISCONNECT BATTERY WIRES, PLACE FORWARD/REVERSE ROCKER SWITCH IN REVERSE AND LISTEN
FOR THE REVERSE BUZZER:
- IF THE BUZZER DOES NOT SOUND, THE CAPACITORS ARE DISCHARGED.
- IF THE REVERSE BUZZER SOUNDS, TURN THE KEY SWITCH ON AND DEPRESS THE ACCELERATOR PEDAL
UNTIL THE BUZZER CAN NO LONGER BE HEARD.
• TO AVOID UNINTENTIONALLY STARTING THE VEHICLE, PLACE THE TOW/RUN SWITCH IN THE TOW POSITION AND
DISCONNECT BATTERIES AS SHOWN IN FIGURE 13-5, PAGE 13-4.
GENERAL INFORMATION
The batteries supplied with a PowerDrive Plus vehicle are different from those supplied with automobiles. The outward appearance of these two batteries is similar, but the operating characteristics are very different. The PowerDrive Plus vehicle battery is known as a “deep cycle” battery, and the automotive battery is known as a “starting,
lighting and ignition” (SLI) battery. They should never be substituted for one another.
An automotive battery has to deliver high cranking currents of 300-400 amperes at a sufficient voltage for several
seconds and maintain an accessory load of 10-25 amperes in stop and go driving. The energy removed from an
automotive battery is immediately replaced by the alternator or generator. As a result, the automotive battery operates at 90 to 100% of full charge at all times.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement
Page 13-1
13
BATTERIES
General Information
General Information, Continued:
MOTOR
+
PbO2
Pb
+
Pb
O2
Pb
SO4
H 2 SO4
H2
CHARGED BATTERY
BATTERY IN USE (DISCHARGING)
Figure 13-1 Charged Battery
Figure 13-2 Discharging Battery
+
CHARGER
PbSO4
PbSO4
+
Pb
H 2O
SO4
Pb
O2
H2
DISCHARGED BATTERY
BATTERY CHARGING
Figure 13-3 Discharged Battery
Figure 13-4 Charging Battery
The batteries supplied with an electric vehicle must supply 100% of the energy required to operate the vehicle.
These batteries therefore, receive deep discharge down to 30% to 40% of their full charge capacity. Then they must
be recharged, hence the name “deep cycle.” The average amperage draw is considered to be 56 amps on a 48 volt
vehicle, although it varies greatly depending on the vehicle and how it is operated. PowerDrive Plus vehicle batteries are specifically designed to handle this type of service.
The rechargeable lead-acid battery turns chemical energy into electrical energy and vice versa. The main active elements within a battery are the positive plates, the negative plates and the electrolyte (sulfuric acid). Another very
important element (but inactive) is the separator. The separator does exactly what its name implies - it separates the
material of the positive and negative plates and prevents them from touching each other, which would create electrical shorts. The separator is porous enough to allow charged ions to pass through between the positive and negative plates, but not allow the two materials to contact each other.
Whenever two unlike metals are immersed in an acid solution, an electric current is generated.
Page 13-2
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
BATTERIES
Common Misconceptions About Batteries
In a “deep cycle” battery, the negative plates contain lead (Pb) and the positive plates contain lead dioxide (PbO2).
These plates are immersed in a sulfuric acid solution (H2SO4) (Figure 13-1, Page 13-2).
During discharge, the chemical reaction inside the battery causes the sulfate (SO4) to break away from the H2 (Figure 13-2, Page 13-2).
The sulfate (SO4) combines with the lead (Pb) on both plates, forming lead sulfate (PbSO4). The oxygen (O2) from the
positive plates combines with hydrogen (H) from the electrolyte to form water (H2O) (Figure 13-3, Page 13-2).
The result is two similar metals, lead sulfate (PbSO4) immersed in water (H2O). This will not generate electricity since
the battery is completely discharged.
When a discharged battery is connected to a charger, the process is reversed. The sulfate (SO4) is forced from the
plates back into the electrolyte to make sulfuric acid (H2SO4). The oxygen returns to the positive plate to make lead
dioxide (PbO2) (Figure 13-4, Page 13-2).
The result is a charged battery that is again capable of generating electricity (Figure 13-1, Page 13-2).
COMMON MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT BATTERIES
The chart below describes some of the more common misconceptions that are associated with the PowerDrive Plus
vehicle batteries and battery care.
PROBLEM
MISCONCEPTION AND REALITY
1.
Deep Discharge
Misconception- “This vehicle is running slowly, but we can run it until it stops.”
Reality- This statement is wrong. Avoid deep discharge of batteries whenever possible.
See Battery Charging, Page 13-6.
2.
Early Excessive
Discharging
Misconception- “These are new batteries. They can run all day.”
Reality- This statement is wrong also. New batteries do not reach their full capacity until they have been
used and recharged 20 to 50 times.
3.
Mineral Content
Misconception- “Tap water will do for our batteries.”
Reality- Your tap water might be OK, but have it checked first.
See Battery Care, Page 13-5
4.
Self-Discharge
Misconception- “Dirt and corrosion on the battery won’t hurt anything.”
Reality- Wrong again. Dirt and corrosion might provide a path for current to flow and allow the batteries
to self-discharge.
See Battery Care, Page 13-5.
5.
Overwatering
Misconception- “Batteries can be filled to the level indicator at night, so it won’t have to be done in the
morning”.
Reality- Under most circumstances, water should be added after charging.
See Battery Care, Page 13-5.
6.
Underwatering
Misconception- “Checking the water takes too much time; it can be checked once a month.”
Reality- Insufficient watering can ruin batteries. Water level should be checked weekly.
See Battery Care, Page 13-5.
7.
Vibration Damage
Misconception- “You should tighten battery hold-downs as tight as you can”.
Reality- Battery hold-downs should be tightened to specification. Hold-downs that are too tight or too
loose can cause battery damage.
See Battery Care,Page 13-5.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 13-3
13
13
BATTERIES
Replacing Batteries
REPLACING BATTERIES
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 13-1.
WARNING
• TO PREVENT ELECTROLYTE LEAKAGE FROM THE BATTERY VENTS, BATTERIES MUST BE KEPT IN AN UPRIGHT
POSITION. TIPPING A BATTERY BEYOND A 45° ANGLE IN ANY DIRECTION CAN ALLOW A SMALL AMOUNT OF
ELECTROLYTE TO LEAK OUT THE VENT HOLE. DO NOT EXCEED THIS 45° ANGLE WHEN LIFTING, CARRYING, OR
INSTALLING BATTERIES. BATTERY ACID CAN CAUSE SEVERE PERSONAL INJURY TO SKIN OR EYES, AND CAN
DAMAGE CLOTHING.
1. Before removing batteries, note the orientation of the batteries and the connecting wires. First, place the
Tow/Run switch in the TOW position. Disconnect the batteries and discharge the controller as described in
the WARNING on page 13-1. Then remove remaining wires and batteries. See Figure 13-5, Page 13-4 for
PowerDrive Plus Vehicle battery wiring.
2. Visually inspect the new batteries for any damage that may have occurred in transit.
3. If old battery cables are going to be reused, inspect them for broken or frayed wires, damaged terminals, or
worn insulation. Remove any corrosion on the connectors. One cup of bicarbonate of soda (baking soda) in a
gallon of water and a bristle brush do an excellent job of neutralizing and removing the corrosion. Be careful
not to allow this baking soda solution to enter the battery.
2
FRONT
OF VEHICLE
5
1
3
4
REMOVE NEGATIVE
CABLE FIRST
6
PLACE TOW/RUN SWITCH IN THE
TOW POSITION BEFORE
DISCONNECTING BATTERY
CABLES
Figure 13-5 PowerDrive Plus Battery Configuration
4. Check and clean the battery rack and hold-downs. The nuts and bolts on the hold-downs may corrode. It is
therefore advised that they be cleaned periodically and replaced as necessary.
5. Install batteries in the proper orientation (Figure 13-5, Page 13-4). Install battery hold-downs. The holddowns should be tight enough so batteries do not move while vehicle is in motion, but not so tight as to crack
or buckle battery case. Tighten to 40 in.lb (4.5 N-m), alternating between hold-down bolts.
Page 13-4
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
BATTERIES
Battery Care
6. Install wires in proper sequence (Figure 13-5, Page 13-4). Install black wire to negative post of battery No. 6
last. Make sure all connections are tight. Tighten to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m). Coat all terminals with Battery Protector Spray (CLUB CAR Part No.1014305) to minimize future corrosion.
7. Give the batteries a full charge prior to operation. This ensures all the batteries are fully charged and the cells
are equalized prior to use.
8. Place Tow/Run switch in the RUN position.
BATTERY CARE
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 13-1.
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
To keep batteries in good operating condition, follow these steps on a regular basis.
1. Any corrosion build-up on or around batteries should be removed immediately. Terminal connections should
be clean and tight. Any frayed or worn wires should be replaced. After all cables have been connected, coat all
terminals with Battery Protector Spray (CLUB CAR Part No.1014305) to help prevent future corrosion.
2. Batteries should be kept clean and dry to prevent self-discharge. Any dirt, grime or acid spillage should be
removed. Wash batteries with a bristle brush using water and bicarbonate of soda (baking soda - 1 cup per
gallon of water). Rinse with water. Do not allow solution to enter battery through the vent cap holes. See SelfDischarge below.
3. Maintain proper electrolyte level. See Battery Electrolyte Level, Figure 13-6, Page 13-6.
4. Batteries should be properly charged every day they are used. Check the batteries periodically to see that
they are in a full state of charge. See Battery Charging, Page 13-6.
5. Keep hold-downs tight. See Vibration Damage, Page 13-6.
SELF-DISCHARGE
Dirty batteries can provide a path for a small current draw that can slowly discharge batteries, thus wasting valuable
energy. To prevent self-discharge, batteries should always be kept clean.
Hot weather also has an effect on a battery’s self-discharge rate. The higher the temperature, the quicker a set of
batteries will discharge. In hotter climates, therefore, batteries should be checked more often. When storing batteries, keep in a cool place. See Battery Storage, Page 13-14.
ELECTROLYTE LEVEL
CAUTION
• DO NOT ALLOW BATTERY ACID FROM BATTERY CAPS OR HYDROMETER TO DRIP ONTO THE FRONT OR REAR
BODY OF THE VEHICLE. BATTERY ACID WILL CAUSE PERMANENT DAMAGE. WASH IMMEDIATELY.
Add water only after charging unless the electrolyte is below the level of the plates. If the electrolyte level is below
the level of the plates, add just enough water to cover the plates and then charge the batteries. After charging, fill
with water to the level indicator. Filling a battery to the level indicator before charging will result in overfilling
because the electrolyte level will rise during charging and some of the electrolyte may bubble out of the cap. This
reduces the batteries capacity and corrodes the metal parts around the battery.
The electrolyte level should be checked weekly to be sure electrolyte is at its proper level (Figure 13-6, Page 13-6).
Never allow the electrolyte level to fall below the tops of the plates because this will cause the exposed part of the
plate to become permanently inactive. For best results, use a battery watering gun for adding water. Check the electrolyte level more frequently in hot weather or when batteries are old.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 13-5
13
13
BATTERIES
Battery Charging
LEVEL
INDICATOR
BATTERY
CAP
PLATES
ELECTROLYTE
LEVEL AT LEAST
1/2 IN. ABOVE
PLATES OR
TO LEVEL
INDICATOR
Figure 13-6 Battery Electrolyte Level
MINERAL CONTENT
For the longest battery life, use distilled water in batteries. However, if tap water is going to be used, be sure the
mineral contents are below these levels:
ALLOWABLE CONTENT
IN PARTS PER MILLION
IMPURITY
Suspended Matter
Trace
Total Solids
100.00
Calcium and Magnesium Oxides
40.0
Iron
5.0
Ammonia
8.0
Organic Matter
50.0
Nitrates
10.0
Nitrites
5.0
Chloride
5.0
Contact your local water department for this analysis.
VIBRATION DAMAGE
The battery hold-downs should always be tight enough to keep the battery from bouncing. Battery life may be
severely shortened if the battery hold-downs are too loose. Hold-downs should be tightened to 40 in.lb (4.5 N-m).
Excessive vibration causes the plates to shed prematurely and shortens the life of the battery. It may also cause acid
to leak out of the vent caps and corrosion to build up on surrounding metal parts. The acid which is lost reduces the
capacity of the battery and cannot be replaced. Battery hold-downs should NOT be so tight as to crack or buckle the
battery case. This may cause leaks which would dry up a cell or cause internal shorts. See Replacing Batteries,
Page 13-4.
BATTERY CHARGING
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 13-1.
GENERAL INFORMATION
The charger supplied with the PowerDrive Plus electric vehicle resolves the most common problems associated
with battery charging. Undercharging and overcharging are prevented provided the charger is allowed to shut off
Page 13-6
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
BATTERIES
Battery Charging
by itself. Also, all cells are automatically given an equalization charge at low current, which prolongs battery life. Batteries should never be left in a discharged state, as this too affects the internal components and can reduce the
capacity of the battery. The batteries should be charged every day they are used. However, the batteries should not
be charged if they have not been used.
CHARGER SHUTS OFF AFTER 16 HOURS
This may be due to, 1) new batteries, 2) hard use or 3) cold temperatures. A catch-up charge may be necessary when
these conditions are present. On those days when all or some of the vehicles do not get used, check the batteries for
state of charge. Any battery with a specific gravity lower than 1.250 will need a catch-up charge. If the problem continues after a catch-up charge has been performed, refer to Section 14–PowerDrive Battery Charger.
DEEP DISCHARGE
Never discharge batteries to the point the vehicle will no longer operate. This will considerably shorten the
cycle life of the batteries, and may permanently damage the batteries. It is possible the batteries will not
accept a recharge if they are completely discharged. The deeper the discharge, the harder it is on the batteries.
For this reason, it is recommended that PowerDrive Plus vehicle batteries be charged after each use (provided
the charge cycle will not be interrupted and the charger will be allowed to shut off automatically). Placing the
batteries on charge after each use reduces the depth of discharge and prolongs battery life.
EARLY EXCESSIVE DISCHARGING
When vehicle batteries are new, they do not reach their full capacity until they have been used and recharged 20 to
50 times. If they are excessively discharged early in their life, their effective service life will be shortened. It is advisable to limit the use of any vehicle with new batteries for at least the first four weeks and then gradually increase
their range.
INCOMING AC SERVICE
Make sure the incoming AC line service is sufficient. If circuit breakers are tripping, fuses blow during the night or
the charger does not give the required starting rate when perfectly good batteries are put on charge, an AC line
problem exists. The electrical service to your vehicle storage facility should be sufficient to deliver 115 volts (minimum 105 volts, maximum 128 volts) and 10.7 amps per charger with all the chargers turned on. If not, consult your
local power company or electrical contractor.
FLEET ROTATION
Rotate your vehicles. It is very hard on batteries if the last vehicles in at night are the first ones out in the morning.
Spread the workload evenly, giving all vehicles the same amount of use. This will keep your fleet in balance and will
not overwork certain sets of batteries.
NOTE
• WHEN VEHICLES ARE BEING ROTATED, THE CLUB CAR CDM (COMMUNICATION DISPLAY MODULE) CAN BE A VERY
HELPFUL SERVICE TOOL. MONITORING THE VALUE OF FUNCTION 3 WITH THE CDM SIMPLIFIES VEHICLE USAGE
SCHEDULING. SEE SECTION 11, PAGE 13-22.
NUMBERING VEHICLES AND CHARGERS
Return the vehicles to the same charger each night if possible. Numbering the vehicles and the chargers and returning each vehicle to its designated charger each night can significantly reduce the amount of time spent troubleshooting a problem.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 13-7
13
13
BATTERIES
Battery Testing
BATTERY TESTING
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 13-1.
Four tests have been developed to help diagnose problems with batteries that have not performed as expected.
Each test becomes progressively more detailed and time-consuming. It is therefore suggested to begin with the
first test and follow through with the other tests until the problem has been found as outlined in the Battery Troubleshooting Chart (Figure 13-7, Page 13-9).
BATTERY CHARGER TEST
The easiest way to monitor the condition of a vehicle’s batteries is simply to observe the reading on the battery
charger ammeter at the end of the charge cycle. After a full charge, disconnect the charger DC plug, wait 20 to 30
seconds and reconnect the charger DC plug. The ammeter needle will jump to 15 amps or more and then taper into
the 5 to 8 amp range within 10 to 20 minutes, indicating good, fully charged batteries.
Continued poor performance may indicate a problem in the vehicle electrical system, brakes or battery charger. If
the problem is not found in the vehicle or charging system, proceed to the on-charge voltage test. Batteries that
remain at 8 amps or higher should be tested further using the on-charge voltage test.
ON-CHARGE VOLTAGE TEST
When the batteries are fully charged, disconnect the charger DC plug. Wait 20 to 30 seconds and reconnect the DC
plug to restart the charger. After 5 minutes, use a multimeter to check and record the voltage of the battery set as
well as the individual batteries. Set the meter to 200 volts DC. Place the red (+) probe at the positive post of battery
No. 1 and the black (-) probe at the negative post of battery No. 6 (Figure 13-5, Page 13-4). Record reading. Then
set multimeter to 20 volts DC and place the red (+) probe at the positive terminal and the black (-) probe at the negative terminal of each battery. Record the readings.
The on-charge voltage for the set should read between 56.0 volts and 63.0 volts depending on the age and state of
charge of the batteries being tested. If individual batteries read between 9.8 and 10.5 volts, the vehicle may not have been
fully charged when the problem occurred. Send the vehicle back out to see if the problem reoccurs. If the problem persists, go to hydrometer test. If any battery reads below 9.3 volts or differs by more than 0.7 volts from the other batteries,
replace the battery. If readings are below 9.8 volts but within 0.7 volts of each other, the batteries are old. Old batteries
may have enough capacity left to last several more months. Go to hydrometer test. See Troubleshooting Chart, Figure
13-7, Page 13-9, and examples on following pages.
HYDROMETER TEST
A hydrometer measures the specific gravity of the battery’s electrolyte. The higher the specific gravity, the higher
the state of charge of the batteries. A fully charged battery should read between 1.250 and 1.280 at 80°F. Never add
acid to batteries to obtain a higher specific gravity.
Performing the Hydrometer Test
1. Be sure batteries have sufficient electrolyte to cover plates by approximately 1/2 in. and are fully charged prior to
beginning test. If water must be added, recharge the batteries before performing the hydrometer test.
2. Remove the vent cap. Using a battery thermometer (CLUB CAR part No.1011767), record the electrolyte temperature of the No. 2 cell.
3. Squeeze the rubber bulb of the hydrometer and insert into the cell. Slowly release the bulb, drawing electrolyte up into the glass tube of the hydrometer.
4. When the float rises off the bottom, adjust the electrolyte level so that the float rides free of the bottom but
does not strike the top of the glass tube. Remove the hydrometer from the cell and release the pressure from
the bulb.
5. Hold the hydrometer vertically, ensuring that the float is not touching the sides of the barrel. Hold the
hydrometer at eye level and read the scale at the level of electrolyte (Figure 13-8, Page 13-10).
6. Record the reading. Return the electrolyte to the cell from which it was taken. Replace vent cap.
Page 13-8
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
BATTERIES
Battery Testing
BATTERY TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
Vehicle not operating to expectation
Fully Charge Batteries
Battery Charger Test
Page 13-8
Reading 8 Amps or more
On-Charge Voltage Test
Reading below 8 Amps
Check vehicle electrical system and
charger for problems.
See Troubleshooting Guide,
Section 14–PowerDrive Battery Charger
Page 13-8
If problem is not found, go to
on-charge voltage test.
All readings above 9.8V and within 0.7V.
Battery reads below 9.8V or differs more
than 0.7V. Replace battery.
Readings below 9.8V but within 0.7V.
Old batteries, go to hydrometer test.
Vehicle may not have been fully charged.
Send it back out to see if problem
reoccurs.
Hydrometer Test
If still having problems, go to
hydrometer testing.
Page 13-8
No apparent problems
Very low reading or no reading at all.
Battery has a dead cell. Replace battery.
Battery with variation of more than
.050 between cells. Replace battery.
Discharge Test
Within 0.3 volts of each other, but
low discharge time. End of battery set
useful life. Replace set.
Discharge time is low and battery
shows a variance greater than 0.4V at
end of discharge. Replace battery.
If discharge time is 60 minutes or
more, problem is not with the batteries.
Go to Section 14–PowerDrive
Battery Charger.
Page 13-11
Figure 13-7 Troubleshooting Chart
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 13-9
13
BATTERIES
Battery Testing
40
20
7. Repeat steps 2 through 6 on all cells.
80
60
1.250
1.280
13 00
13
VIEW AT EYE LEVEL
Figure 13-8 Hydrometer
Hydrometer Calibration
Most hydrometers are calibrated to read correctly at 80°F. The readings obtained as described above must be corrected for temperature. For each 10°F above 80°F, add .004 to the reading. For each 10°F below 80°F, subtract .004
from the reading.
Interpreting the Results of the Hydrometer Test
The approximate state of charge can be determined from the following table:
SPECIFIC GRAVITY AT 80°
STATE OF CHARGE
1.250 - 1.280
100%
1.220 - 1.240
75%
1.190 - 1.210
50%
1.160 - 1.180
25%
If the difference between the cells is .020 or more, the low cell should be suspected. It may require a catch-up
charge or it may be a weak cell. When the variations between cells reach .050 or more, the battery with the low cell
should be replaced.
Page 13-10
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
BATTERIES
Battery Testing
CORRECTED SPECIFIC GRAVITY
CELL 1
CELL 2
CELL 3
CELL 4
REQUIRED
ACTION
-.024
1.275.024=1.251
1.280.024=1.256
1.280.024=1.256
1.280.024=1.256
Good BatteryFully Charged
90°F
+.004
1.155+.004=1.1
59
1.165+.004=1.1
69
1.160+.004=1.1
64
1.165=.004=1.1
69
Discharged BatteryRecharge
3
50°F
-.012
1.260.012=1.248
1.200.012=1.188
1.270.012=1.258
1.270.012=1.258
Bad No. 2 Cell
69
5
80°F
.000
1.250-0=1.250
1.255-0=1.255
1.230-0=1.230
1.250-0=1.250
Weak No. 3 CellCatch-up Charge
38
2
100°F
+.008
1.200+.008=1.2
08
1.180+.008=1.1
88
1.170+.008=1.1
78
1.180+.008=1.1
88
Discharged BatteryRecharge and
Recheck
22
4
80°F
.000
1.240-0=1.240
1.245-0=1.245
Float Does
Not Rise
1.250-0=1.250
No.3 Cell DeadReplace Battery
CAR
NO.
BATTERY
NO.
ELECTROLYTE
TEMP.
CORRECTION
FACTOR
12
1
20°F
35
6
54
DISCHARGE TEST
If the previous tests have failed to identify the problem, conduct a discharge test. The discharge test comes closest
to simulating actual vehicle operating conditions by continuously drawing amps from the batteries until voltage
drops to 42.0 volts.
The discharge test is the hardest test on the batteries and the most time-consuming to perform. Use the battery discharge tester (CLUB CAR Part No.101831901).
Performing the Discharge Test
1. Be sure the batteries are fully charged and that the electrolyte level is correct in all cells.
2. Connect the tester leads to the positive (+) post of battery No.1 and negative (-) post of battery No. 6.
RED PROBE AT
BATTERY NO. 1 (+)
TER
2
TES
FRONT
OF VEHICLE
3
4
5
1
6
BLACK PROBE AT
BATTERY NO. 6 (-)
Figure 13-9 Discharge Test
3. Check and record the electrolyte temperature of the battery packs. Check cell No. 2 in each battery (second
cell from positive post).
4. Reset discharge machine and turn the tester ON.
5. When the batteries have been discharging for approximately 60 minutes, set the discharge machine to function 3
and check battery set voltage. Check voltage every 10 minutes throughout the rest of the test. As soon as the battery
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 13-11
13
13
BATTERIES
Battery Testing
set voltage reaches .5 volts above the shut-off point (42.0 volts), use a multimeter to measure individual battery voltages. Measure and record the voltage of each battery to the nearest .01 volt.
NOTE
• THE TESTER WILL SHUT OFF AUTOMATICALLY WHEN SHUT-OFF VOLTAGE IS REACHED.
Interpreting Discharge Test Results
1. If discharge time is 60 minutes or higher, the problem is not with the batteries.
2. If discharge times are low, compare individual battery voltages recorded in step 5. If any battery shows a 0.4
volt or greater variance, the battery is defective or nearing the end of its useful life and should be discarded or
grouped with other batteries at or around same voltage. The voltage of a defective battery will drop more
rapidly near the end of the discharge than that of a sound battery.
BATTERY VOLTAGES
BATTERY CONDITION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
EXCELLENT
7.07
7.07
7.22
6.50
7.07
7.07
BATTERY NO. 4 IS NEAR END OF USEFUL LIFE
7.20
7.20
6.67
7.33
6.27
7.33
BATTERY NOS. 3 AND 5 ARE NEAR END OF USEFUL LIFE
3. If all the batteries are within 0.30 volts of each other, but the discharge time is low, the batteries are approaching
the end of their life and the whole set will have to be replaced. In general, vehicles that discharge in less than 60
minutes at 78° F on the discharge test will typically not hold a charge for an entire work shift. However, discharge
time is dependent on the electrolyte temperature. The table shown gives the discharge times, at various temperatures, of a set of batteries that delivers 62 minutes at 80°F.
ELECTROLYTE
TEMP. °F
DISCHARGE TIME TO
SHUT-OFF POINT
ELECTROLYTE
TEMP. °F
DISCHARGE TIME TO
SHUT-OFF POINT
40 - 49
40 Minutes
85 - 89
64 Minutes
50 - 59
45 Minutes
89 - 99
66 Minutes
60 - 64
50 Minutes
100 - 109
68 Minutes
65 - 69
54 Minutes
110 - 119
70 Minutes
70 - 74
57 Minutes
120 - 129
72 Minutes
75 - 79
60 Minutes
130 - 150
74 Minutes
80 - 84
62 Minutes
Page 13-12
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
BATTERIES
Battery Testing
BATTERY TROUBLESHOOTING EXAMPLES
The following information represents a few examples of troubleshooting battery problems.
Example 1
Vehicle No. 68 was suspected of having a defective battery due to its performance. As a result, the battery charger
test was performed. After a full charge, the battery charger ammeter read 8.0 amps. Next, the on-charge voltage test
was performed and the following results were recorded:
BATTERY NO.
ON-CHARGE VOLTAGE
1
2
3
4
5
6
10.15
10.60
9.80*
10.16
10.56
10.61
*Battery No. 3 appears to be suspect. Battery Nos. 1 and 4 are also suspect. Next, a hydrometer test should be conducted on all batteries.
Hydrometer test results:
BATTERY NO.
1
2
3
4
5
6
SPECIFIC GRAVITY
CELL 1 (POSITIVE POST)
1.200*
1.265
1.300
1.250
1.280
1.260
CELL 2
1.285
1.275
1.290
1.270
1.295
1.265
CELL 3
1.265
1.270
1.275
1.265
1.280
1.275
CELL 4 (NEGATIVE POST)
1.275
1.270
1.285
1.265
1.275
1.275
*After the hydrometer test, it appears that battery No. 1 is the problem. Next, the discharge test was performed.
Discharge test results:
BATTERY NO.
DISCHARGE VOLTAGE
1
2
3
4
5
6
5.44*
7.33
7.73
7.15
7.43
7.41
*After a discharge test which lasted 45 minutes, battery No. 1 is clearly shown to be the problem. Battery No. 4
should be watched a little more closely but appears to be okay. Battery No. 1 should be replaced with a battery that
has about the same age and usage as the other batteries.
Example 2
Vehicle No. 70 was also suspected of having a defective battery due to its performance. The battery charger test
showed 7.0 amps after a full charge. After confirming there were no problems with the electrical system, charger or
brakes, the on-charge voltage was recorded as follows:
BATTERY NO.
ON-CHARGE VOLTAGE
1
2
3
4
5
6
10.48
9.77*
10.53
10.57
10.55
10.33
*Battery No. 2 was immediately suspected as the problem. After checking battery No. 2 with a hydrometer, it was
discovered that the negative post cell was completely dead. Battery No. 2 should be replaced with a battery that has
the same age and usage as the other batteries.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 13-13
13
BATTERIES
Battery Storage
BATTERY STORAGE
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 13-1.
When storing batteries during the off-season or when maintaining a replacement stock, follow these guidelines:
1. Keep the batteries clean and free of corrosion as outlined in Battery Care, page 13-5.
2. Batteries that are in vehicles for winter storage should be left disconnected in the vehicles if the batteries are
not going to be connected to a charger.
3. Fully charge the batteries prior to storage.
4. Store in a cool area. The colder the area in which the batteries are stored the less the batteries will self-discharge. Batteries stored at 0°F will discharge very little over a four-month period. Batteries stored at 80°F will
have to be recharged every few weeks.
5. PowerDrive Plus vehicles and PowerDrive Chargers are designed to be left connected, with AC power to the
charger ON, during off-season storage. The PowerDrive storage charge feature will automatically charge the
batteries as needed throughout the storage period.
CHARGING BATTERY PACK WITH LOW VOLTAGE
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 13-1.
WARNING
• ALWAYS UNPLUG THE ELECTRICAL CORDS BEFORE ATTEMPTING ANY REPAIRS TO THE CHARGER. FIRST UNPLUG
THE AC CORD FROM THE OUTLET AND THEN UNPLUG THE DC CORD FROM THE VEHICLE.
DC CORDSET
HEAT SINK
ASSEMBLY
RED
RED
2
3
SECONDARY
COIL
RELAY
BLACK
AC INPUT PLUG
TA
N
4
PRIMARY
COIL
TRANSFORMER
15 AMP
AC CIRCUIT
BREAKER
1
TAN
BLACK
TAN
BLUE
BLACK
13
BLACK
BLACK
5
FUSE
ASS'Y
AMMETER
7
GREEN
AC CORDSET
CASE
GROUND
WHITE
TAN
TAN
6
Figure 13-10 PowerDrive Charger Wiring Diagram
1. Turn the key switch OFF and place the Forward/Reverse rocker switch in NEUTRAL. Leave the batteries connected and leave the 23-Pin connector plug connected to the controller.
2. If battery pack voltage is below 34 volts, the charger will not activate. The charger relay will have to be bypassed in order for the charger to activate.
3. Disconnect the DC cord from the charger receptacle and unplug the AC cord from the electrical outlet.
Page 13-14
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
BATTERIES
Charging Battery Pack With Low Voltage
4. Remove the eight screws securing the charger cover and remove the cover from the charger.
5. Inside the charger, locate the black wire (3) that goes from the circuit breaker to the relay and disconnect it
from the circuit breaker terminal. Make sure this wire does not touch the charger housing or any other
charger components (Figure 13-10, Page 13-14).
6. Disconnect the transformer wire (4) from the relay and then connect this wire to the open terminal on the circuit breaker (Figure 13-10, Page 13-14).
7. Plug the DC cord into the charger receptacle first, and then plug the AC cord into an electrical outlet.
8. The charger should activate and begin to charge the batteries. Allow the charger to operate for one or two
hours. See following WARNING.
WARNING
• DO NOT LEAVE THE VEHICLE UNATTENDED WHILE IT IS CHARGING. THE CHARGER OPERATING WITH A BYPASSED
RELAY COULD SHORT AND POSSIBLY CAUSE A FIRE.
9. After one or two hours, disconnect the charger AC cord from the electrical outlet first. Then disconnect the DC
cord from the charger receptacle in the vehicle.
10. Disconnect the transformer wire from the circuit breaker and connect it to the relay. Reconnect the short
black wire from the relay to the circuit breaker.
11. Install the charger cover and the eight retaining screws.
12. Plug the DC cord into the charger receptacle and plug the AC cord into an electrical outlet.
13. Allow the charger to continue charging the batteries until the charger shuts off automatically.
14. When the charge cycle is complete, test the batteries again. If the battery pack voltage is above 34 volts and
the vehicle will not operate, it will be necessary to troubleshoot the vehicle’s electrical system to determine
which electrical component has failed. See Section 11–Electrical System and Testing.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 13-15
13
13
14
SECTION 14–POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
DANGER
• BATTERY - EXPLOSIVE GASES! DO NOT SMOKE. KEEP SPARKS AND FLAMES AWAY. VENTILATE WHEN
CHARGING OR USING IN AN ENCLOSED SPACE. ALWAYS WEAR FULL FACE SHIELD AND RUBBER
GLOVES WHEN WORKING ON BATTERIES.
• USE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN USING TOOLS, WIRES, OR METAL OBJECTS NEAR BATTERIES! A SHORT
CIRCUIT AND (OR) SPARK COULD CAUSE AN EXPLOSION.
• BATTERY - POISON! CONTAINS ACID! CAUSES SEVERE BURNS. AVOID CONTACT WITH SKIN, EYES, OR
CLOTHING. ANTIDOTES:
- EXTERNAL: FLUSH WITH WATER. CALL A PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
- INTERNAL: DRINK LARGE QUANTITIES OF MILK OR WATER. FOLLOW WITH MILK OF MAGNESIA OR
VEGETABLE OIL. CALL A PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
- EYES: FLUSH WITH WATER FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES. CALL PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
WARNING
• ONLY TRAINED TECHNICIANS SHOULD REPAIR OR SERVICE THIS VEHICLE. ANYONE DOING EVEN SIMPLE REPAIRS
OR SERVICE SHOULD HAVE KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERIENCE IN GENERAL ELECTRICAL REPAIR. FOLLOW ALL
PROCEDURES EXACTLY AND HEED ALL WARNINGS STATED IN THIS MANUAL.
• ALWAYS WEAR APPROVED EYE PROTECTION WHILE SERVICING VEHICLE. WEAR A FULL FACE SHIELD AND
RUBBER GLOVES WHEN WORKING WITH BATTERIES.
• TURN KEY SWITCH OFF, PLACE FORWARD/REVERSE ROCKER SWITCH IN NEUTRAL, AND REMOVE KEY PRIOR TO
SERVICING.
• DO NOT WEAR LOOSE CLOTHING. REMOVE JEWELRY SUCH AS RINGS, WATCHES, CHAINS, ETC. BEFORE
SERVICING VEHICLE.
• ALWAYS USE INSULATED TOOLS WHEN WORKING NEAR BATTERIES OR ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS.
• BEFORE PERFORMING TESTS OR REPAIRS AND TO AVOID UNINTENTIONALLY STARTING THE VEHICLE, MAKE SURE
CAPACITORS ARE DISCHARGED. PLACE TOW SWITCH IN TOW, DISCONNECT BATTERY WIRES AS SHOWN IN
FIGURE 14-3, PAGE 14-6, PLACE FORWARD/REVERSE ROCKER SWITCH IN REVERSE AND LISTEN FOR THE
REVERSE BUZZER:
- IF THE BUZZER DOES NOT SOUND, THE CAPACITORS ARE DISCHARGED.
- IF THE REVERSE BUZZER SOUNDS, TURN THE KEY SWITCH ON AND DEPRESS THE ACCELERATOR PEDAL
UNTIL THE BUZZER CAN NO LONGER BE HEARD.
GENERAL INFORMATION
The PowerDrive Battery Charger is an integral part of the PowerDrive Plus electrical system, and one is included with every
PowerDrive Plus vehicle. Because it is controlled by the PowerDrive onboard computer (OBC) it can be used with PowerDrive Plus or PowerDrive System 48 vehicles only. The charger is automatic and has no external controls; when it is plugged
into the vehicle receptacle, there is a 2 to 15 second delay before charging begins (Figure 14-1, Page 14-2). The OBC
records the amount of energy consumed as the vehicle is used, then directs the charger to replace exactly the amount of
energy needed to fully replenish the batteries. The charger then shuts off automatically, preventing the possibility of either
undercharging or overcharging. The computer accomplishes this by detecting when the exact amount of energy required
has been returned to the batteries.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement
Page 14-1
14
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
General Information
NOTE
• SHORTLY AFTER CHARGING BEGINS, THE CHARGER WILL SHUT OFF IN ORDER TO RUN A SELF-DIAGNOSTIC
PROGRAM (AMMETER WILL DROP TO ZERO). CHARGING WILL RESUME IN A FEW MOMENTS (AMMETER
RETURNS TO PREVIOUS RATE OF CHARGE). THIS WILL BE REPEATED AT ONE HOUR AND AT TWO HOURS INTO
THE CHARGE CYCLE.
C
lu
b
C
ar
Figure 14-1 PowerDrive Battery Charger
POWERDRIVE CHARGING FEATURES
• Charge Interlock
PowerDrive Battery Charger DC plugs have three pins rather than two blades that most standard charger
plugs have. Two of these pins are the positive and negative leads as on standard chargers; the third pin is a
sensing lead which is the communication link between the charger and the onboard computer. When the
charger plug is inserted into the vehicle receptacle, the onboard computer locks out the vehicle’s drive system. This prevents the possibility of driving the vehicle while the charger is plugged in and potentially damaging the vehicle and charger.
• Long Term Storage Charge
PowerDrive Plus vehicles and PowerDrive Chargers are designed to be left connected, with AC power to the
charger, during off-season or long term storage. The onboard computer will automatically activate the
charger every 15 days. To return the vehicle to service, disconnect the DC cord from the vehicle, wait 15 seconds and then plug the DC cord back in. The charger will activate. Allow the vehicle to complete one full
charge cycle before putting it into service.
• Charger Disconnect
The computer communication pin is shorter than the positive and negative pins in the charger DC plug. In the event
the charger plug is pulled from the receptacle while the charger is in operation, the computer communication link
will be disconnected first, which will shut the charger off before the positive and negative pins disconnect. This will
help prevent possible damage to the plug and receptacle due to arcing.
Page 14-2
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
The Charge Circuit
BATTERY WARNING LIGHT
The PowerDrive vehicle features a dash mounted warning light (above steering column) which, when the vehicle is
in operation, indicates low battery voltage, or, when the vehicle is being charged, indicates a charging problem. The
battery warning light is controlled by the PowerDrive Plus onboard computer.
When the batteries receive an incomplete charge because 1) the DC power cord is disconnected, 2) AC power to the
charger is interrupted, 3) automatic charger shut-off occurs after 16 hours of operation, or 4) the charger malfunctions, the warning light will indicate as follows:
• The warning light will not illuminate if the charge is 90% or more complete. The onboard computer will retain
in memory the amount of charge needed to fully replenish the batteries and will complete the charge during
the next charge cycle.
• When the charger DC cord is unplugged, the warning light will illuminate and remain illuminated for 10 seconds if the charge is less than 90% complete but the vehicle has enough power for 60 minutes of operation.
This will alert the fleet operator that the vehicle may be used, but that it must be charged to completion as
soon as possible.
• The warning light will repeatedly illuminate for 10 seconds, at 4 second intervals, if the charger times out at 16
hours and the batteries are not sufficiently charged. This indicates an abnormal charge cycle. The charger and
batteries should be checked by your Club Car distributor/dealer.
• The warning light will repeatedly illuminate for 10 seconds, at 4 second intervals, during a charge cycle (DC
plug is still connected) if AC power to the charger is interrupted. The warning light will go out when AC power
is restored.
THE CHARGE CIRCUIT
The vehicle charge circuit consists of the charger receptacle, fuse link, onboard computer and the batteries. The
negative terminal of the receptacle is connected to the onboard computer. The 10 gauge black wire from the
onboard computer connects to the B- terminal on the speed controller, and the 6 gauge black wire (also on the controller B- terminal) goes through the onboard computer and connects to the negative (-) post of battery No. 6. The
positive terminal of the charger receptacle is connected to the positive post of battery No. 1. The gray wire (sense
lead) from the charger receptacle is connected to the sense lead fuse, which is connected to the gray wire from the
onboard computer. If the charger works with one vehicle, but does not work with another, then most likely the
problem is in the vehicle charge circuit. Check the connections between the 18 gauge gray wire from the charger
receptacle, the sense lead fuse and the 18 gauge gray wire from the onboard computer. Also check connections of
the fuse link assembly located on the charger receptacle (Figure 14-2, Page 14-5).
CHARGER INSTALLATION AND USE
Read DANGER and WARNING on page14-1.
WARNING
• DO NOT BYPASS THE SENSE LEAD FUSE!
• DISCONNECT BOTH THE AC AND DC PLUGS BEFORE WORKING ON THE CHARGER OR CHANGING THE CHARGER
CORD.
• TO CONNECT THE CHARGER PLUG TO THE VEHICLE RECEPTACLE, GRASP THE PLUG AND PUSH IT STRAIGHT INTO
THE RECEPTACLE. DO NOT ROCK OR BEND THE PLUG.
WARNING CONTINUED ON FOLLOWING PAGE...
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 14-3
14
14
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Charger Installation and Use
WARNING
• TO DISCONNECT THE CHARGER FROM THE VEHICLE RECEPTACLE, GRASP THE PLUG AND PULL IT STRAIGHT OUT
OF THE RECEPTACLE. DO NOT PULL ON THE CORD. DO NOT TWIST, ROCK, OR BEND THE PLUG.
• DO NOT CONNECT THE CHARGER TO BATTERY PACKS THAT ARE NOT COMPATIBLE WITH THE DC OUTPUT
VOLTAGE SPECIFIED ON THE CHARGER. OVERHEATING AND TRANSFORMER BURN-OUT WILL RESULT.
• DO NOT USE THE CHARGER IF THE PLUG, CORD, OR RECEPTACLE HAVE BEEN DAMAGED IN ANY WAY. USE OF
THE CHARGER WITH ANY OF THESE CONDITIONS COULD RESULT IN A FIRE, PROPERTY DAMAGE, PERSONAL
INJURY, OR DEATH.
• DO NOT USE THE CHARGER IF:
- THE DC PLUG DOES NOT MAKE A GOOD CONNECTION.
- THE PLUG AND RECEPTACLE FEEL HOTTER THAN NORMAL.
- THE PLUG PINS OR RECEPTACLE CONTACTS ARE BENT OR CORRODED.
- THE PLUG, RECEPTACLE, OR CORDS ARE CUT, WORN, OR HAVE ANY EXPOSED WIRES.
- THE PLUG, CORDS, CHARGER, OR RECEPTACLE ARE DAMAGED.
• USING THIS CHARGER WITH ANY OF THE ABOVE CONDITIONS COULD RESULT IN FIRE, PERSONAL INJURY, OR
PROPERTY DAMAGE. REPAIR OR REPLACE WORN OR DAMAGED PARTS BEFORE USING THE CHARGER.
• EACH CHARGER SHOULD HAVE ITS OWN 15 OR 20 AMPERE BRANCH CIRCUIT PROTECTION (CIRCUIT BREAKER OR
FUSE), IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE ANSI/NFPA 70, AND LOCAL CODES AND
ORDINANCES. IMPROPER AC SUPPLY CIRCUIT PROTECTION MAY RESULT IN A FIRE.
Each PowerDrive Plus electric vehicle is supplied with a fully automatic, external battery charger as standard
equipment.
To reduce the risk of electric shock, the battery charger must be grounded. The charger is equipped with an AC electric
cord with an equipment-grounding conductor and a grounding type plug. It is for use on a nominal 120- volt, 60-hertz
single phased circuit. The AC plug must be connected to an appropriate receptacle that is properly installed and
grounded in accordance with the National Electric Code and all local codes and ordinances.
The use of an extension cord with the charger is not recommended. If an extension cord must be used, use a threeconductor No. 12 AWG cord with ground, properly wired and in good electrical condition. Keep it as short as possible (no more than twelve feet). Position all cords so they will not be stepped on, tripped over, or otherwise subject
to damage or stress. See following WARNING.
Provide adequate ventilation for the charger. Keep all charger ventilation openings at least two inches away from
walls and other objects. See following WARNING.
WARNING
• IMPROPER CONNECTION OF THE EQUIPMENT-GROUNDING CONDUCTOR CAN RESULT IN AN ELECTRICAL
SHOCK.
• DO NOT USE AN ADAPTER TO PLUG CHARGER INTO A TWO-BLADE OUTLET OR EXTENSION CORD. EXTENSION
CORD OR OUTLET MUST ACCEPT GROUNDED THREE-BLADE PLUG.
WARNING CONTINUED ON FOLLOWING PAGE...
Page 14-4
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Charger Installation and Use
WARNING
• THE USE OF AN IMPROPER EXTENSION CORD COULD RESULT IN FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK.
• DO NOT OPERATE THIS CHARGER IF IT HAS RECEIVED A SHARP BLOW, WAS DROPPED, OR WAS OTHERWISE
DAMAGED. MAKE SURE IT IS OPERATING PROPERLY BEFORE PUTTING IT BACK IN USE.
• DO NOT ALLOW CLOTHING, BLANKETS, OR OTHER MATERIALS TO COVER THE CHARGER.
• CHARGERS CAN IGNITE FLAMMABLE MATERIALS AND VAPORS. DO NOT USE NEAR FUELS, GRAIN DUST,
SOLVENTS, THINNER, OR OTHER FLAMMABLES.
• KEEP CHARGER DRY - DO NOT EXPOSE TO RAIN. STORE INDOORS.
SOLID STATE
SPEED CONTROLLER
ONBOARD
COMPUTER
FUSE LINK
No.10 BLACK
No.6 BLACK
CHARGER
RECEPTACLE
No.10 BLACK
BNo.10 BLACK
TERMINAL
No.18 GRAY
No.18 GRAY
SENSE LEAD FUSE
TO SOLENOID
No.10 RED
2
BLACK TO
NEGATIVE
TERMINAL
FRONT
OF VEHICLE
RED TO
POSITIVE
TERMINAL
5
1
3
4
REMOVE NEGATIVE
CABLE FIRST
6
PLACE TOW/RUN SWITCH IN
THE TOW POSITION BEFORE
DISCONNECTING BATTERY
CABLES
Figure 14-2 Charge Circuit
Normal Charger Operation
1. With the charger DC output cord disconnected from the batteries, connect the power supply cord to a 120volt, 60-hertz single phase outlet.
2. Connect charger DC plug to charger receptacle located on the seat support panel (Figure 14-3, Page 14-6).
The charger will activate automatically within 2 to 15 seconds after the DC plug is connected.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 14-5
14
14
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Charger Installation and Use
Normal Charger Operation, Continued:
3. Monitor the ammeter for the correct charge rate. The initial charge rate will vary from 15 to 19 amps, depending upon the condition and depth of discharge of the batteries. Slight variations in the initial charge rate may
also result from AC line input voltages which are higher or lower than 120 volts. Higher line voltages increase
the initial charge rate while lower line voltages reduce the initial charge rate.
4. Monitor the ammeter for about 30 seconds. Under normal operating conditions (when the charger is plugged
into a vehicle with discharged batteries), the ammeter will drop to zero for 2 to 3 seconds at the beginning of
each charge cycle in order to perform a self-diagnostic test. This test will be repeated at one hour and two
hours into the charge cycle. See following NOTE.
NOTE
• IF THE BATTERIES ARE IN A FULLY CHARGED STATE AND THE VEHICLE HAS NOT BEEN DRIVEN, THE ONBOARD
COMPUTER WILL NOT PERFORM THE SELF-DIAGNOSTIC TEST.
• WHEN AIR TEMPERATURES FALL BELOW 65°F (18.3°C), BATTERIES CHARGED IN UNHEATED AREAS SHOULD BE
PLACED ON CHARGE AS SOON AS POSSIBLE AFTER USE. COLD BATTERIES REQUIRE MORE TIME TO FULLY
CHARGE.
Figure 14-3 Charger Receptacle
Testing Charger Operation
1. With the DC plug disconnected from the vehicle charger receptacle, insert the AC cord into an outlet. The
charger relay should NOT close. A multimeter set to volts DC and connected across the DC plug positive (+)
and negative (–) pins should indicate zero volts. No transformer hum should be heard.
2. Disconnect the AC cord from its outlet and connect the DC plug to the receptacle. The charger relay should
close with an audible “click” after a 2 to 15 second delay.
3. If the charger does not operate as in steps 1 or 2 above, refer to the wiring diagram (Figure 14-4, Page 14-7)
and make sure the charger is wired correctly.
Always monitor the first charge cycle to make sure the charger turns off properly. If the DC cord is disconnected during a charge, and the batteries are less than 90% charged, the battery warning light will illuminate intermittently.
See Battery Warning Light, Page 14-3.
Page 14-6
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Checking Battery Condition After A Charge Cycle
CHECKING BATTERY CONDITION AFTER A CHARGE CYCLE
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 14-1.
It is common practice for technicians to check the condition of a set of batteries after they have charged to ensure
they have received a complete charge before the vehicle is used. With the PowerDrive Plus this practice is not necessary. The onboard computer controls and monitors the charge cycle. If there is any problem during a charge cycle,
the battery warning light, located above the steering column in the center dash panel, will illuminate intermittently.
If the battery warning light is illuminated after a charge cycle, refer to the Troubleshooting Guide and Flow Charts
on pages 14-8 through 14-12. If the specified test procedures do not identify any problems, plug the DC cord into
the vehicle and let it charge until the charger shuts off automatically. If a problem is found, correct it and then
charge the vehicle. Normal voltage toward the end of a charge cycle should be approximately 59 to 63 volts while
the charger is still operating.
START CHARGE CYCLE
1. Disconnect the DC plug from the vehicle’s charger receptacle.
2. WAIT 20 SECONDS, then reconnect the DC cord. See following NOTE.
NOTE
• THE CHARGER WILL NOT OPERATE UNLESS A DELAY OF APPROXIMATELY 20 SECONDS IS OBSERVED.
3. Monitor the ammeter for the charge rate. If the vehicle has not been driven since the last charge cycle and
the batteries are fully charged, the onboard computer will not perform a self-diagnostic test. The charge
cycle will begin and the ammeter will NOT drop to zero. If the vehicle has been driven, even if only a few
feet, the onboard computer will perform the self-diagnostic test; the ammeter will drop to zero for 2 to 3
seconds before the charge cycle begins.
WARNING
• KNOWLEDGE OF BATTERY CHARGER WIRING AND COMPONENT TERMINOLOGY IS REQUIRED BEFORE
ATTEMPTING ANY REPAIRS (FIGURES 14-4 AND 14-5, PAGES 14-7 AND 14-8).
DC CORDSET
HEAT SINK
ASSEMBLY
RED
RED
BLUE
RELAY
BLACK
PRIMARY
COIL
BLACK
AC INPUT PLUG
SECONDARY
COIL
TAN
15 AMP AC
CIRCUIT BREAKER
TRANSFORMER
TAN
BLACK
BLACK
BLACK
FUSE
AMMETER
ASS'Y
CASE
GROUND
GREEN
TAN
AC CORDSET
WHITE
TAN
Figure 14-4 PowerDrive Battery Charger Wiring Diagram
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 14-7
14
14
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Troubleshooting
TAN WIRE TO
PRIMARY COIL
PRIMARY COIL
SECONDARY COIL
GREEN GROUND
WIRE
BLACK WIRE TO
CIRCUIT BREAKER
DC CORD
RED WIRE
BLACK WIRE TO
POWER RELAY
BLUE WIRE TO
DC CORD
TAN WIRE TO
PRIMARY COIL
RED WIRE
TO RELAY
SECONDARY COIL
LEADS (TAN)
DC CORD
BLUE WIRE
TO RELAY
SECONDARY COIL
DC CORD
LEADS (BLACK)
BLACK WIRE
TO AMMETER
RED WIRE TO HEAT SINK
Figure 14-5 PowerDrive Battery Charger
TROUBLESHOOTING
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 14-1.
Use the following information (Pages 14-9 through 14-12) as guides for troubleshooting PowerDrive Plus vehicles.
The Troubleshooting Guide on pages 14-9 and 14-10 encompasses the entire vehicle electrical system.The flow
charts on pages 14-10 through 14-12 refers specifically to the onboard computer and battery charger. Test procedures specified in these charts can be found on the pages immediately following.
Page 14-8
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Troubleshooting
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
SYMPTOM
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
POSSIBLE CAUSES
Relay does not close, no transformer hum 1)
and ammeter does not move.
2)
Relay closes with an audible click but no
transformer hum and ammeter does not
move.
Relay closes and transformer hums but
ammeter does not move.
Relay operates intermittently.
Single charger fuse link blows.
Both charger fuse links blow or receptacle fuse link blows.
Charger output is low.
Charger turns off too soon.
REFER TO
Batteries disconnected.
Section 13–Batteries
Battery voltage is too low.
Test Procedure 1, Page 14-12
3)
Poor connection between plug
and receptacle.
Test Procedure 1, Page 14-12
4)
DC plug and cord.
Test Procedures 1 and 5, Pages 14-12 &
14-16
5)
Onboard computer malfunction.
Test Procedure 2, Page 14-13
6)
Gray sense lead fuse is blown.
Test Procedure 1, Page 14-12
7)
Receptacle fuse link is blown.
Section 12–Electrical Components
1)
Improper AC outlet voltage.
Test Procedure 3, Page 14-14
2)
Failed AC plug and cord.
Test Procedure 3, Page 14-14
3)
Internal AC breaker.
Test Procedure 3, Page 14-14
4)
Transformer primary coil.
Test Procedure 6, Page 14-16
5)
Relay
Test Procedure 8, Page 14-17
1)
Blown charger fuse.
Test Procedure 4, Page 14-14
2)
Both diodes failed.
Test Procedure 4B, Page 14-15
3)
Onboard computer malfunction.
Test Procedure 2, Page 14-13
4)
Failed transformer.
Test Procedure 6, Page 14-16
1)
Blown fuse on red lead from OBC.
Section 11–Electrical System & Testing
2)
Defective charger relay.
Test Procedure 8, Page 14-17
1)
Diode failed.
Test Procedure 4-A, Page 14-14
2)
Loose internal fuse connection.
Tighten connection.
1)
Battery is wired in reverse polarity.
Test Procedure 4-B, Page 14-15
2)
DC cord is wired in reverse polarity.
Test Procedure 4-B, Page 14-15
3)
Both diodes failed.
Test Procedure 4-B, Page 14-15
1)
One diode failed.
Test Procedure 4-A, Page 14-14
2)
Transformer coil short-circuit failure.
Test Procedure 6, Page 14-16
3)
Onboard computer malfunction.
Test Procedure 2, Page 14-13
1)
AC power supply was shut off.
Test Procedure 3, Page 14-14
2)
Onboard computer malfunction.
Test Procedure 2, Page 14-13
3)
Batteries may be fully charged.
Test Procedure 7, Page 14-17
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 14-9
14
14
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Troubleshooting
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
SYMPTOM
POSSIBLE CAUSES
REFER TO
9.
1)
Onboard computer malfunction.
Test Procedure 2, Page 14-13
2)
Extremely discharged batteries or
cold temperature.
Recharge batteries.
3)
Defective battery.
Section 13–Batteries
1)
AC cord is shorted.
Test Procedure 8, Page 14-17
2)
Failed transformer.
Test Procedure 6, Page 14-16
1)
AC power interrupted.
Test Procedure 3, Page 14-14
2)
Onboard computer malfunction.
Test Procedure 2, Page 14-13
3)
Charger failure.
See page 14-7
4)
16 hour time out.
See page 14-3
5)
Battery or batteries need to be replaced.
Section 13–Batteries
1)
Batteries are getting close to full discharge
capacity.
Recharge batteries
(golf round may be completed first).
2)
Onboard computer malfunction.
Test Procedure 2, Page 14-13
3)
Battery or batteries need to be replaced.
Section 13–Batteries
10.
11.
12.
Charger goes to 16 hour time out.
AC line fuse or circuit breaker blows.
Battery trouble light illuminates for ten
seconds, at four second intervals
(with DC charger cord plugged in).
Battery trouble light illuminates for ten
seconds, at four second intervals
(with DC charger cord disconnected)
OBC/CHARGER
WILL NOT CHARGE BATTERIES
CHECK POWER
TO CHARGER OUTLET
CONTINUED ON
NEXT PAGE
Figure 14-6 Flow Chart
Page 14-10
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Troubleshooting
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 14-10
CHECK AC OUTLET FOR
LOOSE OR FAULTY
RECEPTACLE
NO
CHECK
FOR TRIPPED
OR FAULTY
BREAKER
NO
YES
YES
REPAIR AS REQUIRED
DETERMINE CAUSE
AND RESET BREAKER
REPLACE CHARGER
THAT MAY BE
MALFUNCTIONING
WITH ONE THAT IS
KNOWN TO BE
WORKING PROPERLY
CHARGE BATTERIES
CHARGE BATTERIES
ORIGINAL CHARGER
IS MALFUNCTIONING
DETERMINE CAUSE
AND RESET BREAKER
YES
CHARGE BATTERIES
DOES
CHARGER AC
OUTLET HAVE
POWER?
YES
DOES
CHARGER
OPERATE
PROPERLY?
NO
PROBLEM IS IN VEHICLE
CHARGING CIRCUIT
CHECK CHARGER
CIRCUIT BREAKER
LOOK FOR LOOSE
CONNECTION
HAS
BREAKER
TRIPPED?
OBC MAY BE IN POWER
DOWN MODE, DISCONNECT
CHARGER DC PLUG AND
DRIVE VEHICLE FOR A FEW
MINUTES. RECONNECT
CHARGER PLUG.
NO
EXAMINE CHARGER DC
FUSES VISIBLE ON FRONT
OF CHARGER
DOES
CHARGER
ACTIVATE?
YES
CHARGE BATTERIES
NO
DETERMINE CAUSE
REPLACE FUSE
YES
CHARGE BATTERIES
OBC PROGRAM MAY BE
LOCKED UP. REMOVE DC
CORD FROM RECEPTACLE.
REBOOT COMPUTER.
SEE SECTION 11, TEST
PROCEDURE 18–REBOOT
OBC, PAGE 11-22
IS
FUSE BLOWN?
NO
REMOVE CHARGER
COVER AND LOOK FOR
LOOSE CONNECTIONS
AND PROPER WIRING
CORRECT OR
TIGHTEN WIRING
CHARGE BATTERIES
NO
IS
WIRING
CORRECT AND
TIGHT?
DOES
CHARGER
ACTIVATE?
YES
CHARGE BATTERIES
NO
CHECK SENSE LEAD FUSE
TO SEE IF BLOWN
YES
IS
FUSE BLOWN?
BY-PASS CHARGER
RELAY AS
DESCRIBED IN
TEST PROCEDURE 6,
PAGE 14-16
COLUMN ONE CONTINUED
ON NEXT PAGE
YES
NO
DETERMINE CAUSE
REPLACE FUSE
CHARGE BATTERIES
CHECK OBC FUSE
IN RED WIRE
COLUMN TWO CONTINUED
ON NEXT PAGE
Figure 14-7 Flow Chart, Continued
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 14-11
14
14
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Test Procedures
COLUMN ONE CONTINUED
FROM PREVIOUS PAGE
DOES
CHARGER
ACTIVATE?
YES
REPLACE RELAY
COLUMN TWO CONTINUED
FROM PREVIOUS PAGE
IS
FUSE BLOWN?
NO
REPLACE DIODE
(HEAT SINK ASSEMBLY)
DETERMINE CAUSE
AND REPLACE FUSE
NO
CHECK DIODES AS
DESCRIBED IN
TEST PROCEDURE 4,
PAGE 14-14
CHARGE BATTERIES
YES
CHECK BATTERY
VOLTAGE
IS
BATTERY
VOLTAGE 32V
OR HIGHER?
NO
CHARGE BATTERIES
YES
INSPECT CHARGER
RECEPTACLE FUSE.
DIODES OK?
NO
YES
CHECK AMMETER
CHARGE BATTERIES
NO
CHARGE BATTERIES FOR
APPROXIMATELY TWO
HOURS. RECONNECT
RELAY IN PROPER
CONFIGURATION
AMMETER
OK?
REPLACE AMMETER
BY-PASS CHARGER
RELAY AS DESCRIBED IN
TEST PROCEDURE 6,
PAGE 14-16
IS
FUSE BLOWN?
YES
DETERMINE CAUSE
AND REPLACE FUSE
NO
REPLACE
ONBOARD COMPUTER
CHARGE BATTERIES
YES
CHARGE BATTERIES
SEE TROUBLESHOOTING
GUIDE
CHARGE BATTERIES
CHARGE BATTERIES
Figure 14-8 Flow Chart, Continued
TEST PROCEDURES
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 14-1.
GENERAL
The charger uses DC battery voltage through the onboard computer to close the charger relay which activates the
charger AC circuit. When the charger is operating properly, there is a 2 to 15 second delay after the DC cord is
plugged into the vehicle before the relay closes. This delay allows time for the DC plug to make a secure connection
with the receptacle before the AC circuit is activated and AC power is supplied to the primary coil of the transformer.
When the relay closes an audible “click” can be heard, and then as power is supplied, the transformer should hum
and the ammeter should indicate the charge rate.
Test Procedure 1 - Battery Voltage Too Low or Faulty Connection Between Plug and Receptacle
1. Check the DC plug and receptacle for damage, dirt, corrosion, or any condition that might prevent a good
electrical connection.
2. Inspect the receptacle contacts to ensure that they are not damaged and they are firmly seated within the
receptacle.
3. Check the wire connections to the charger receptacle:
Page 14-12
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Test Procedures
3.1. Verify the 10 gauge red wire from the charger receptacle is connected to the positive post of battery No.
1 (Figure 14-10, Page 14-13).
3.2. Make sure the two nuts that secure the two 10 gauge black wires to the receptacle fuse assembly are
tight (Figure 14-9, Page 14-13).
3.3. Check the connections of the 18 gauge gray wire from the receptacle to the sense lead fuse, and from
the sense lead fuse to the onboard computer gray wire (Figure 14-9, Page 14-13).
WARNING
• DO NOT BYPASS THE SENSE LEAD FUSE!
3.4. Remove the gray sense lead fuse assembly and check its continuity with an multimeter set to 200 ohms
(¾). The resistance should be less than 2 ohms.
4. With multimeter set to 200 volts DC, measure the voltage of the battery pack between the positive post of
battery No. 1 and the negative post of battery No. 6 (Figure 14-10, Page 14-13). Normal no-load voltage will
be 50 to 52 volts for fully charged batteries. The voltage of the battery pack must be over 32 volts DC in order
to allow the onboard computer to close the charger relay. If battery pack voltage is too low to start charger,
see Section 13–Batteries, Charging Battery Pack With Low Voltage.
Test Procedure 2 - Onboard Computer
1. Check the circuit breaker on the front of the charger and reset if necessary.
2. Select a second charger that is normally connected to another vehicle and is known to operate properly.
Leave the AC cord of the second charger connected to the AC outlet that it normally is connected to. This will
ensure AC power is present.
3. Insert the DC cord from the second charger into the receptacle of vehicle that is not charging properly
4. If the second charger fails in the same manner as the first charger, then the vehicle charging circuit is not functioning properly. See Troubleshooting, Page 14-8.
5. Connect the first charger into another vehicle that is known to be functioning properly. If the charger performs as it should, then the charger is not in need of repair.
PLACE MULTIMETER
RED (+) LEAD HERE
CHARGER RECEPTACLE
GRAY WIRE
FROM COMPUTER
FRONT OF
VEHICLE
RED
PLACE MULTIMETER
BLACK (-) LEAD HERE
RED
2
1
3
4
SENSE LEAD
FUSE
5
6
NO. 6 BLACK
Figure 14-9 Receptacle Wire Connections
Figure 14-10 Battery Pack
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 14-13
14
14
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Test Procedures
Figure 14-11 Test AC Cord
Test Procedure 3 - AC Power and Continuity Check of AC Circuit
1.
2.
3.
4.
Disconnect the AC power supply cord from its outlet and the DC plug from the vehicle receptacle.
Check the AC circuit breaker on the front of the charger and reset it if necessary.
Check the AC line fuse or circuit breaker in the storage facility.
With a multimeter set at 500 volts AC, check incoming AC voltage. Insert blades into outlet; voltage should be
105 to 128 volts. If proper voltage is not present, have building wiring checked by a licensed electrical contractor.
5. Remove charger cover and check continuity of the AC circuit:
5.1. Disconnect the tan lead (from the primary coil) and the black lead (from the circuit breaker) from the
charger relay. Connect the tan lead to the circuit breaker (Figure 14-16, Page 14-17).
5.2. With relay bypassed, there should be continuity across AC cord blades (Figure 14-11, Page 14-14).
6. If the circuit is not complete, check the wiring of the AC cord, transformer primary coil leads, internal AC circuit breaker, and jumper wire (Figure 14-16, Page 14-17).
7. If the charger is wired correctly, check the continuity of the AC cord, transformer primary coil, and the jumper
wire individually (Test Procedure 8).
WARNING
• ALWAYS DISCONNECT THE ELECTRICAL CORDS BEFORE ATTEMPTING ANY REPAIRS TO THE CHARGER. FIRST
DISCONNECT THE AC CORD FROM THE OUTLET AND THEN DISCONNECT THE DC CORD FROM THE VEHICLE.
Test Procedure 4 - Diodes
Use test procedure 4A for single diode failures and testing of diodes. If both diodes have failed, use test procedure
4B.
Procedure 4A - Single Diode Failure
A single diode failure is indicated by one fuse link blowing (closed circuit diode) or by the charger output being
low (open circuit diode). If a diode has failed, the entire heat sink assembly must be replaced. To check diodes:
1. Disconnect the AC cord from its outlet and the DC plug from the receptacle, then remove the charger cover.
2. Disconnect one transformer secondary coil lead from the diode terminal (Figure 14-12, Page 14-15).
3. Using a low voltage continuity tester or multimeter set to diode test function, connect the red (+) tester lead
to the diode mounting plate and the black (-) tester lead to a diode terminal and note the reading (Figure 14-
Page 14-14
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Test Procedures
12, Page 14-15).
4. Reverse the tester leads and check each diode again and note the reading (Figure 14-13, Page 14-15). A diode is
designed to conduct current in one direction only; if a diode conducts current (shows continuity) in both directions, the complete heat sink assembly with diodes must be replaced. If a diode does not conduct current (does not
show continuity) in either direction, the entire heat sink assembly must be replaced.
5. On rare occasions, a single fuse link may melt due to excessive heat. This can be caused by a loose internal
fuse connection. Check all three fuse connections inside the charger to be sure they are clean and tight. The
proper torque on the fuse link connections is 20 in.lb (2.2 N-m).
6. Be sure the charger is wired properly and all connections are clean and tight. See following WARNING.
WARNING
• IF CONNECTIONS ARE NOT CLEAN AND TIGHT, EXCESSIVE HEAT COULD RESULT WHICH MAY DAMAGE THE
CHARGER.
Procedure 4B - Both Diodes Fail
To check the diodes, use diode test procedure 4A. If both diodes have failed closed, both charger fuse links will be
blown. If both diodes have failed open, the relay will close and the transformer will hum, but the ammeter will not
indicate any output. If both diodes have failed open or closed, the entire heat sink assembly must be replaced. To
determine why both diodes failed:
1. Check the batteries and the receptacle to be sure they are wired in the correct polarity. Also check the voltage
and polarity at the receptacle.
2. Make sure the charger DC plug is wired correctly; the red wire should be connected to the center terminal of
the heat sink assembly, the blue wire should be connected to the relay coil, and the black wire should be connected to the left side of the ammeter (when viewed from inside the charger). If a reverse polarity connection
is made between the charger and the batteries, both fuse links will blow when the DC cord is plugged into the
vehicle, whether or not the AC cord is plugged into an outlet.
3. On rare occasions, both diodes may fail as the result of a lightning strike at the charging location.
4. Excessive heat due to a loose connection may also cause both fuse links to melt. Be sure fuse connections are
tightened to 20 in.lb (2.2 N-m).
5. Be sure the charger is wired properly and all connections are clean and tight.
DISCONNECT
SECONDARY
COIL LEAD
Figure 14-12 Diode Test
Figure 14-13 Diode Test–Reverse Probe Position
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 14-15
14
14
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Test Procedures
Test Procedure 5 - Charger DC Circuit Continuity Test
1. Using a continuity tester (Club Car Part No. 1011273) or multimeter set to 200 ohms, connect the test leads to
the pins marked (+) and (-) on the DC plug (Figure 14-14, Page 14-16) and note the readings.
2. Reverse the test leads and check the DC plug again (Figure 14-15, Page 14-16). The circuit should show continuity in only one direction.
3. If the circuit does not show continuity in either direction and the charger fuse is not blown, individually check
the continuity of the DC plug and cord (Test Procedure 8), ammeter (Test Procedure 8), diodes (Test Procedure 4A), and all connections.
POSITIVE PIN
POSITIVE PIN
PULL HERE
PULL HERE
NEGATIVE PIN
NEGATIVE PIN
Figure 14-14 DC Plug Test Leads
Figure 14-15 DC Plug Reverse Test Leads
4. If the circuit shows continuity in both directions, a short circuit exists in the charger DC circuit, usually caused
by failed diodes. See Test Procedure 4. If diodes have not failed, check the DC output cord for a short circuit
as described in Test Procedure 8.
5. Remove the blue wire from the charger relay and check the continuity between the positive and negative
pins and the middle pin on the DC plug (Figures 14-4 and 14-5, Pages 14-7 and 14-8). There should be no
continuity.
Test Procedure 6 - Transformer
Failure of the transformer may be caused by aging or a short circuit in adjacent coil turns. If the transformer has failed, the
ammeter would indicate low output or no output; however, transformer may hum. A blown AC line fuse or circuit breaker
in the charger and/or storage facility may be caused by a failed transformer. To test the transformer:
1. Disconnect transformer secondary coil leads Nos. 1 and 5 from heat sink assembly (Figure 14-16, Page 1417).
2. To apply AC power directly to the transformer primary coil, the relay must be bypassed.
3. To bypass the relay, remove the black wire (3) from the circuit breaker and disconnect the tan wire (4) from the
relay. Connect the tan wire to the circuit breaker (Figure 14-16, Page 14-17).
4. Be sure secondary coil leads are not touching one another. With relay bypassed, insert AC plug into an outlet. If AC
line fuse or circuit breaker blows, the transformer is shorted internally and must be replaced.
5. If the AC line fuse or circuit breaker does not blow, check the transformer secondary voltage across lead Nos.1
and 5 using a multimeter set to 500 volts AC. If measured voltages are approximately 85 volts AC or lower for
the secondary coil, the transformer is shorted internally and must be replaced (Figure 14-16, Page 14-17).
See following DANGER.
Page 14-16
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Test Procedures
DANGER
• DO NOT ALLOW SECONDARY COIL LEADS TO TOUCH ONE ANOTHER. THERE ARE APPROXIMATELY 120 VOLTS
PRESENT.
6. If the transformer output measurements are 86 volts AC or higher, disconnect the AC plug from its outlet.
7. If the voltage readings are normal, the transformer is good. Refer to Test Procedure 5 for further tests of the
DC circuit.
DC CORDSET
HEAT SINK
ASSEMBLY
RED
RED
2
3
SECONDARY
COIL
RELAY
AC INPUT PLUG
BLACK
BLACK
TA
N
4
PRIMARY
COIL
TRANSFORMER
15 AMP
AC CIRCUIT
BREAKER
1
TAN
BLACK
TAN
BLUE
BLACK
BLACK
5
FUSE
ASS'Y
AMMETER
7
GREEN
AC CORDSET
CASE
GROUND
WHITE
TAN
TAN
6
Figure 14-16 Transformer Test Wiring Diagram
Test Procedure 7 - Battery State of Charge
1. After the charger has shut off, disconnect the DC charger plug for approximately 20 seconds and then reconnect it. The ammeter should jump to 14 to 18 amps and then taper to below 5 amps within 15 minutes. If it
does taper to below 5 amps within 15 minutes, batteries are fully charged and the charger is functioning
properly.
2. If the charger does not taper to below 5 amps within 15 minutes, batteries may not be receiving a full charge
and the onboard computer should be checked. See Test Procedure 2.
NOTE
• OLD BATTERIES NEAR THE END OF USEFUL SERVICE MAY NOT TAPER TO BELOW 5 AMPS. SEE SECTION 13–
BATTERIES.
Test Procedure 8 - Continuity
AC Cord and Plug
Check continuity of the AC cord (Figure 14-17, Page 14-18).
1. Disconnect the AC cord from its outlet and the DC plug from the receptacle, then remove the charger cover.
2. Disconnect black wire (1) of AC cord from charger AC circuit breaker (3) (Figure 14-17, Page 14-18).
3. Disconnect green wire (2) from charger case and position it so it does not touch any metal part of the
charger (Figure 14-17, Page 14-18).
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 14-17
14
14
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Test Procedures
Test Procedure 8–Continuity, Continued:
4. Using a multimeter, set for 200 ohms, place the red probe on the terminal at the end of the black wire (1) (Figure 14-17, Page 14-18). Test for continuity on each of the flat blades and then on the ground pin of the AC
plug. Continuity should register on one flat blade only. If any other reading is obtained, the AC cord and plug
must be replaced.
5. Put the red probe on the end of the green wire (2) and with the black probe check for continuity on both flat blades
and on the ground pin of the AC plug (Figure 14-17, Page 14-18). Tester should register continuity on only the
ground pin. If continuity registers on either of the flat blades, or does not register on the ground pin, the AC cord and
plug must be replaced.
6. Disconnect the white wire (4) from the tan wire (Figure 14-17, Page 14-18). Put red probe on the white wire
and check for continuity on both flat blades and on the ground pin of the AC plug (Figure 14-17, Page 1418). Tester should register continuity on only one flat blade. If any other reading is obtained, the AC cord and
plug must be replaced.
4
-
3
+
WAVETEK
V
5XL
1000
OFF
V
500
200
200
20
200
2m
2
200
m
20
m
200
m
2000
k
200k
20k
Ω
200
A
2k
2
1
V
Ω
!
!
COM
MAX
1000 --750V
200nA
FUSED
200 Ω SETTING
Figure 14-17 AC Cord Plug and Continuity Test
DC Cord and Plug
1. Disconnect the AC cord from its outlet and the DC plug from the receptacle, then remove the charger cover.
2. To check the continuity of the DC cord, disconnect the black wire of the DC cord from the ammeter (Figure
14-18, Page 14-20).
3. Disconnect the red wire of the DC cord from the heat sink assembly (Figure 14-18, Page 14-20).
4. Disconnect the blue wire from the relay (Figure 14-18, Page 14-20).
5. Place the clip of the continuity tester on the red wire of the DC cord (Figure 14-18, Page 14-20).
6. Place the continuity tester probe on the positive (+) pin of the DC plug (the positive (+) pin and negative (-) pin are
identified on the plug). If tester does not register continuity, cord and plug must be replaced.
7. Place the continuity tester probe on the negative (-) pin of the DC plug. Tester should register no continuity. If
tester registers continuity, cord and plug must be replaced.
8. Place the continuity tester probe on the unmarked (middle) pin of the DC plug. Tester should register no continuity. If tester registers continuity, cord and plug must be replaced.
9. Move the continuity tester clip to the black wire of the DC cord (Figure 14-18, Page 14-20).
10. Place the continuity tester probe on the negative (-) pin of the DC plug. Tester should register continuity. If
tester does not register continuity, cord and plug must be replaced.
Page 14-18
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Test Procedures
11. Place the continuity tester probe on the unmarked (middle) pin of the DC plug. Tester should register no continuity. If tester registers continuity, cord and plug must be replaced.
12. Move continuity tester probe to the blue wire of the DC cord (Figure 14-18, Page 14-20). Check for continuity at the
middle pin. Tester should register continuity. If tester does not register continuity, replace DC cord.
Transformer
WARNING
• BEFORE PERFORMING THIS TEST, BE SURE THE AC PLUG IS NOT CONNECTED TO AN AC OUTLET.
The PowerDrive battery charger transformer has two coils; a primary coil and a secondary coil (Figure 14-16, Page
14-17).
Primary Coil
1. Disconnect both AC and DC cords and remove charger cover. See preceding WARNING.
2. Disconnect terminals from transformer tan primary leads (4) and (6) (Figure 14-16, Page 14-17).
3. Place the continuity tester leads on the disconnected primary coil leads. Tester should register continuity. If
tester does not register continuity, replace the transformer.
Secondary Coil
1. Disconnect both AC and DC cords and remove charger cover. See preceding WARNING.
2. Remove the transformer (tan) secondary coil lead (1) from the upper terminal of the heat sink assembly (Figure 14-16, Page 14-17). See following DANGER.
DANGER
• DO NOT ALLOW SECONDARY COIL LEADS TO TOUCH ONE ANOTHER. THERE ARE APPROXIMATELY 120 VOLTS
PRESENT.
3. Remove the other transformer (tan) secondary coil lead (5) from the bottom terminal of the heat sink assembly and place the tester clip on the ammeter bus bar (7) (Figure 14-16, Page 14-17). Place the continuity
leads on each (tan) secondary coil lead. Tester should register continuity. If tester does not register continuity,
replace transformer. Be sure the fuse is intact and not blown.
Voltage Suppressor - Failed Closed
1. Disconnect both AC and DC plugs. See preceding WARNING.
2. Connect red (+) lead of multimeter (with alligator clips) to the positive pin of the DC plug.
3. Connect black (-) clip to the sense lead pin (short pin) of the DC plug. Multimeter should indicate no continuity. If continuity is registered (indicating a closed circuit) then voltage suppressor has failed and should be
replaced. See following NOTE.
Relay
1. Disconnect both AC and DC plugs and remove charger cover. See preceding WARNING.
2. Remove the black (3) and tan (4) wires from the contact terminals of the relay (Figure 14-16, Page 14-17). Place
continuity tester leads on contact terminals of the relay. Tester should register no continuity. If tester registers continuity, the relay contacts are welded shut and the relay must be replaced.
3. Place continuity leads on contact terminals of relay. With batteries connected, insert the DC plug into the receptacle.
Tester should register continuity. If tester does not register continuity, the relay must be replaced.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 14-19
14
14
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Plug and Cord Replacement
NOTE
• FAILURE IN A CLOSED CONDITION CAN ALSO BE DETERMINED BY PLUGGING THE CHARGER INTO A VEHICLE,
THEN UNPLUGGING CHARGER AND VISUALLY INSPECTING THE SENSE LEAD FUSE AT THE GRAY WIRE. IF FUSE IS
BLOWN, THEN VOLTAGE SUPPRESSOR HAS FAILED CLOSED AND BOTH FUSE AND VOLTAGE SUPPRESSOR
SHOULD BE REPLACED. THE VOLTAGE SUPPRESSOR CANNOT BE TESTED FOR FAILURE IN AN OPEN CONDITION.
FAILURE IN AN OPEN CONDITION WILL HAVE NO AFFECT ON VEHICLE CHARGING OPERATION DUE TO THE
EXISTENCE OF A SIMILAR COMPONENT LOCATED IN THE ONBOARD COMPUTER.
Ammeter
Check continuity of the ammeter:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Disconnect both AC and DC plugs and remove charger cover. See preceding WARNING.
Disconnect the black wire from the left ammeter post (as viewed from inside the charger).
Place the continuity tester clip on one of the ammeter posts.
Place the continuity tester probe on the other ammeter post. The tester should register continuity. If the
tester does not register continuity, replace ammeter.
PLUG AND CORD REPLACEMENT
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 14-1.
The charger cord, plug, and receptacle are wear items and should be inspected daily. Visually inspect them for
cracks, loose connections, and frayed wiring; they must be replaced when worn or damaged. If charger plug and
receptacle show signs of corrosion or become difficult to insert and remove, the receptacle contacts and plug
blades may be cleaned with a good electrical contact cleaner or lightly sprayed with WD-40® brand spray lubricant.
See Section 12, Page 14-9 for charger receptacle replacement.
DC CORD
BLACK WIRE
TO AMMETER
DC CORD
BLUE WIRE
TO RELAY
1
4
2
DC CORD
RED WIRE
TO HEAT SINK
3
STRAIN RELIEF
BUSHING
Figure 14-18 DC Cord
Figure 14-19 Charger Cord Installation
CHARGER CORD AND PLUG REPLACEMENT
Charger Cord and Plug Removal
1. Disconnect the AC and DC plugs. See preceding WARNING.
2. Remove the charger cover.
3. Remove the black lead of the charger DC cord (4) from the ammeter by loosening the nut (1). Support the terminal as the nut is loosened to prevent rotation of the connection (Figure 14-19, Page 14-20).
4. Remove nut attaching red lead of charger DC cord onto the heat sink assembly (Figure 14-18, Page 14-20).
Page 14-20
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Charger Repairs
5. Remove the terminal on the blue charger DC cord lead at the relay (Figure 14-18, Page 14-20).
6. Using pliers, squeeze the strain relief bushing and remove the cord set (Figure 14-18, Page 14-20).
Charger Cord and Plug Installation
1. Insert the leads of the new cord through the hole in the charger base.
2. Attach the red lead of the new cord set to the center terminal of the heat sink and tighten the nut to 14 in.lb
(1.6 N-m) (Figure 14-18, Page 14-20).
3. Attach the blue lead of new cord set to the charger relay (coil) terminal (Figure 14-18, Page 14-20).
4. Attach the black lead of the new cord to the ammeter. Install nut (1) onto post of ammeter slightly more than
finger tight. While holding the outside nut (1), turn the inside nut (2) counterclockwise 1/4 turn (Figure 1419, Page 14-20). See following CAUTION.
CAUTION
• DO NOT ALLOW AMMETER POST TO ROTATE AS THE NUT IS TIGHTENED. IF IT IS ALLOWED TO ROTATE, THE
AMMETER COULD BE DAMAGED.
5. Using pliers, put the strain relief bushing on the cord and insert into the charger base.
6. Position the charger cover on the base. Install the attachment screws, starting with the bottom holes. Tighten
the screws to 11 in.lb (1.2 N-m).
CHARGER REPAIRS
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 14-1.
WARNING
• ALWAYS DISCONNECT THE ELECTRICAL CORDS BEFORE ATTEMPTING ANY TESTS OR REPAIRS TO THE CHARGER.
FIRST DISCONNECT THE AC CORD FROM THE AC OUTLET AND THEN DISCONNECT THE DC CORD FROM THE
VEHICLE.
HEAT SINK ASSEMBLY
Heat Sink Assembly Removal
1. Remove charger cover. See preceding WARNING.
2. Remove both secondary transformer leads (tan) from the heat sink assembly (Figures 14-4 and 14-5, Pages
14-7 and 14-8).
3. Remove the two red wires from the heat sink assembly (Figures 14-4 and 14-5, Pages 14-7 and 14-8).
4. Remove the nuts and bolts that secure the heat sink assembly to the case.
Heat Sink Assembly Installation
1. Place heat sink against charger base. Make sure clear plastic insulator sheet is between the heat sink and the
charger base. Install the nuts and bolts that secure the heat sink assembly to the case. Tighten the bolts to 22
in.lb (2.4 N-m) (Figures 14-4 and 14-5, Pages 14-7 and 14-8).
2. Connect the red wire from the DC cord and the red wire from the charger relay to the center terminal post on the
heat sink assembly. Tighten nut to 18 in.lb (2.0 N-m) (Figures 14-4 and 14-5, Pages 14-7 and 14-8).
3. Connect one of the secondary transformer leads (tan) to the bottom terminal post of the heat sink assembly.
Tighten nut to 18 in.lb (2.0 N-m) (Figures 14-4 and 14-5, Pages 14-7 and 14-8).
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 14-21
14
14
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Charger Repairs
4. Connect the other secondary transformer lead (tan) to the top terminal post of the heat sink assembly.
Tighten nut to 18 in.lb (2.0 N-m) (Figures 14-4 and 14-5, Pages 14-7 and 14-8).
5. Replace charger cover and check charger for proper operation.
TRANSFORMER
Transformer Removal
1. Remove the charger cover. See preceding WARNING.
2. Disconnect tan primary coil lead from the charger relay, then disconnect the tan primary coil lead from the white
wire in the AC cord (Figures 14-4 and 14-5, Pages 14-7 and 14-8).
3. Disconnect the two tan secondary transformer leads from the heat sink assembly (Figures 14-4 and 14-5,
Pages 14-7 and 14-8).
4. Disconnect the two black secondary transformer leads from the fuse assembly (Figures 14-4 and 14-5,
Pages 14-7 and 14-8).
5. Remove four bolts and nuts mounting transformer to case and remove transformer (Figures 14-4 and 14-5, Pages
14-7 and 14-8).
Transformer Installation
1. Install the transformer with the secondary coil to the rear of the charger case. Tighten the four bolts and nuts
to 28 in.lb (3.2 N-m) (Figures 14-4 and 14-5, Pages 14-7 and 14-8).
2. Connect one secondary transformer lead (tan) to the top terminal post of the heat sink assembly (Figures 144 and 14-5, Pages 14-7 and 14-8). Tighten nut to 18 in.lb (2.0 N-m).
3. Connect the other secondary transformer lead (tan) to the bottom terminal post of the heat sink assembly
(Figures 14-4 and 14-5, Pages 14-7 and 14-8). Tighten nut to 18 in.lb (2.0 N-m).
4. Connect one secondary transformer lead (black) to one terminal of the fuse assembly (Figures 14-4 and 145, Pages 14-7 and 14-8). Tighten nut to 22 in.lb (2.5 N-m).
5. Connect the other secondary transformer lead (black) to the remaining terminal of the fuse assembly (Figures 14-4 and 14-5, Pages 14-7 and 14-8). Tighten nut to 22 in.lb (2.5 N-m).
6. Connect the tan primary lead to the charger relay (Figures 14-4 and 14-5, Pages 14-7 and 14-8).
7. Connect other tan primary lead to white wire from AC cord (Figures 14-4 and 14-5, Pages 14-7 and 14-8).
8. Replace charger cover and check charger for proper operation.
AMMETER
Ammeter Removal
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove charger cover. See preceding WARNING.
Disconnect black wire from DC cord (5), and bus bar (3) from ammeter (Figure 14-20, Page 14-23).
Remove the two nuts (2) that secure the ammeter to the charger face (Figure 14-20, Page 14-23).
Remove the ammeter from the face of the charger.
Ammeter Installation
1. Place the ammeter in position in the charger face (Figure 14-20, Page 14-23).
2. Install the nuts (2) and tighten until ammeter is firmly secured (Figure 14-20, Page 14-23).
3. Connect the black wire of the DC cord (5) to the left (as viewed from inside the charger) post of the ammeter
(Figure 14-20, Page 14-23).
4. Connect the bus bar (3) from the fuse link to the right post of the ammeter. Place flat washers on both sides of
the bus bar (Figure 14-20, Page 14-23).
5. Thread nuts onto both posts of the ammeter until just past finger tight. While holding the outside nut, turn
the inside nut counterclockwise 1/4 turn (Figure 14-20, Page 14-23). See following CAUTION.
Page 14-22
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Charger Repairs
CAUTION
• DO NOT ALLOW AMMETER POST TO ROTATE AS THE NUT (4) IS TIGHTENED. IF IT IS ALLOWED TO ROTATE, THE
AMMETER COULD BE DAMAGED (FIGURE 14-20, PAGE 14-23).
6. Replace the charger cover. Plug the charger into the vehicle and check ammeter for proper operation.
5
2
1
4
3
Figure 14-20 Ammeter Removal
FUSE LINK
Fuse Link Removal
1. Disconnect the AC and DC cords. See WARNING on page 14-21.
2. Remove the charger cover.
3. Remove both black secondary transformer leads and the bus bar from the back of the fuse link assembly (Figure 14-20, Page 14-23).
4. Remove screws from the front of the charger and remove the fuse link assembly.
Fuse Link Installation
1. Place plastic cover over fuse assembly and install mounting screws from front of charger face. The center branch of
the fuse assembly should be in the upper left corner when viewed from the front of the charger.
2. Install the bus bar over the center branch of the fuse assembly and ammeter post (Figure 14-20, Page 1423). Tighten to 27 in.lb (3.0 N-m).
3. Install a secondary transformer lead (black) to one of the two remaining terminals on the back of the fuse
assembly. Install the remaining secondary transformer lead (black) to the remaining terminal (Figure 14-20,
Page 14-23). Tighten to 27 in.lb (3.0 N-m).
4. Replace charger cover.
VOLTAGE SUPPRESSOR
The voltage suppressor protects the onboard computer by capturing very high, but very brief voltage spikes which
occur due to the collapse of the electrical field in the charger relay when the charger is disconnected from the vehicle. See also Test Procedure 8–Continuity, Voltage Suppressor, Page 14-19.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 14-23
14
14
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Charger Repairs
Voltage Suppressor Removal
1. Disconnect the AC and DC cords. See WARNING on page 14-21.
2. Remove charger cover.
3. Remove nut attaching voltage suppressor (18 gauge red wire) to heat sink (Figure 14-21, Page 14-24).
4. Disconnect blue wire to DC cord at quick disconnect terminal (Figure 14-21, Page 14-24).
5. Disconnect voltage suppressor from charger relay (Figure 14-21, Page 14-24).
Voltage Suppressor Installation
1. Install in reverse order of removal. Tighten nut attaching voltage suppressor (18 gauge red wire) to heat sink
to 18 in.lb (2.0 N-m). See following NOTE.
NOTE
• THE CHARGER RELAY BLADE CONNECTOR IS LOCATED OFF-CENTER WITHIN THE RELAY HOUSING. WHEN
CONNECTING VOLTAGE SUPPRESSOR SLIP-ON CONNECTOR TO RELAY BLADE CONNECTOR, MAKE SURE SLIPON CONNECTOR IS POSITIONED SO THAT FLAT SIDE OF CONNECTOR IS CLOSEST TO RELAY HOUSING. SEE
FIGURE 14-21, PAGE 14-24.
CHARGER RELAY
Charger Relay Removal
1. Disconnect the AC and DC cords. See WARNING on page 14-21.
2. Remove the charger cover.
3. Disconnect the red, blue, black, and primary coil wires from the relay (Figure 14-21, Page 14-24).
4. Remove the two nuts and lock washers attaching relay to charger base (Figure 14-21, Page 14-24).
5. Remove the relay.
TAN WIRE TO
PRIMARY COIL
WHITE WIRE
FROM AC CORD
GREEN GROUND
WIRE
STRAIN RELIEF
BUSHING
BLACK WIRE TO
POWER RELAY
BLACK WIRE TO
CIRCUIT BREAKER
AC CORD
BLUE WIRE TO
DC CORD
VOLTAGE SUPPRESSOR
(RED WIRE) TO
HEAT SINK
TAN WIRE TO
PRIMARY COIL
AC CIRCUIT
BREAKER
CHARGER
RELAY
Figure 14-21 Charger Relay
Page 14-24
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
POWERDRIVE BATTERY CHARGER
Charger Repairs
Charger Relay Installation
1. Install in reverse order of removal. Connect wires as shown in Figure 14-21, Page 14-24. Tighten nut connecting relay to charger base to 18 in.lb (2.0 N-m).
CHARGER AC CIRCUIT BREAKER
AC Circuit Breaker Removal
1. Disconnect the AC and DC cords. See WARNING on page 14-21.
2. Remove the charger cover.
3. Disconnect the two black wires attached to circuit breaker (Figure 14-21, Page 14-24).
4. With a pair of pliers, squeeze in the retaining tabs on the sides of the circuit breaker and remove the circuit
breaker through its mounting hole in the face of the charger (Figure 14-21, Page 14-24).
AC Circuit Breaker Installation
1. Install in reverse order of removal.
CHARGER AC CORD
AC Cord Removal
1. Disconnect the AC and DC cords. See WARNING on page 14-20.
2. Remove the charger cover.
3. Disconnect the AC cord black wire at the circuit breaker (Figure 14-21, Page 14-24).
4. Disconnect the AC cord white wire at the primary coil tan wire (Figure 14-21, Page 14-24).
5. Disconnect the AC cord green wire at the charger base (Figure 14-21, Page 14-24).
6. Use a pair of pliers to grip the strain relief bushing and remove it and the AC cord from the charger.
AC Cord Installation
1. Insert the black, white, and green leads of the new AC cord into the charger through the hole in the charger
face (Figure 14-21, Page 14-24).
2. Connect the black wire to the circuit breaker, the white wire to the primary coil, and the green wire to the
charger base (Figure 14-21, Page 14-24). See following NOTE.
NOTE
• MAKE SURE THE GREEN (GROUND) WIRE IS TIGHTLY SECURED TO THE CHARGER BASE.
3. Position the strain relief bushing on the AC cord.
4. Using pliers, install the strain relief bushing and AC cord into the mounting hole in the charger face.
5. Install the charger cover.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 14-25
14
14
15
SECTION 15–MOTOR
DANGER
• BATTERY - EXPLOSIVE GASES! DO NOT SMOKE. KEEP SPARKS AND FLAMES AWAY. VENTILATE WHEN
CHARGING OR USING IN AN ENCLOSED SPACE. ALWAYS WEAR FULL FACE SHIELD WHEN WORKING
ON OR NEAR BATTERIES.
• USE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN USING TOOLS, WIRES, OR METAL OBJECTS NEAR BATTERIES! A SHORT
CIRCUIT AND (OR) SPARK COULD CAUSE AN EXPLOSION.
• BATTERY - POISON! CONTAINS ACID! CAUSES SEVERE BURNS. AVOID CONTACT WITH SKIN, EYES, OR
CLOTHING. ANTIDOTES:
- EXTERNAL: FLUSH WITH WATER. CALL A PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
- INTERNAL: DRINK LARGE QUANTITIES OF MILK OR WATER. FOLLOW WITH MILK OF MAGNESIA OR
VEGETABLE OIL. CALL A PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
- EYES: FLUSH WITH WATER FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES. CALL PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
WARNING
• ONLY TRAINED TECHNICIANS SHOULD REPAIR OR SERVICE THIS VEHICLE. ANYONE DOING EVEN SIMPLE REPAIRS
OR SERVICE SHOULD HAVE KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERIENCE IN GENERAL MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REPAIR.
FOLLOW ALL PROCEDURES EXACTLY AND HEED ALL WARNINGS STATED IN THIS MANUAL.
• WEAR SAFETY GLASSES OR APPROVED EYE PROTECTION WHILE SERVICING VEHICLE.
• PLACE THE TOW/RUN SWITCH IN THE TOW POSITION BEFORE CONNECTING OR DISCONNECTING BATTERY
WIRES.
• BEFORE PERFORMING ANY TESTS OR REPAIRS THAT DO NOT REQUIRE THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM TO BE ENERGIZED,
MAKE SURE CAPACITORS ARE DISCHARGED. PLACE THE TOW/RUN SWITCH IN THE TOW POSITION, DISCONNECT
BATTERY WIRES, PLACE FORWARD/REVERSE ROCKER SWITCH IN REVERSE AND LISTEN FOR THE REVERSE BUZZER:
- IF THE REVERSE BUZZER DOES NOT SOUND, THE CAPACITORS ARE DISCHARGED.
- IF THE REVERSE BUZZER SOUNDS, TURN THE KEY SWITCH ON AND DEPRESS THE ACCELERATOR PEDAL
UNTIL THE BUZZER CAN NO LONGER BE HEARD.
• DO NOT WEAR LOOSE CLOTHING. REMOVE JEWELRY SUCH AS RINGS, WATCHES, CHAINS, ETC. BEFORE
SERVICING VEHICLE.
• ALWAYS USE INSULATED TOOLS WHEN WORKING NEAR BATTERIES OR ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS. WHEN
BATTERIES ARE CONNECTED, USE EXTREME CAUTION TO AVOID SHORT CIRCUITS IN COMPONENTS OR WIRING.
• TO AVOID UNINTENTIONALLY STARTING THE VEHICLE, DISCONNECT BATTERIES AS SHOWN IN FIGURE 15-1,
PAGE 15-2.
GENERAL INFORMATION
The PowerDrive Plus vehicle is equipped with a 48-volt DC, shunt wound, reversible traction motor. The shunt
wound motor is designed for use on the PowerDrive Plus vehicle only. Club Car recommends motors requiring
major repair be sent to a qualified motor repair shop. However, there are many relatively simple tasks that can be
performed by a technician with general knowledge and experience in electric motor repair.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement
Page 15-1
15
MOTOR
External Motor Testing
2
FRONT
OF VEHICLE
5
1
3
4
REMOVE NEGATIVE
CABLE FIRST
6
PLACE TOW SWITCH IN THE
TOW POSITION BEFORE
DISCONNECTING BATTERY
CABLES
Figure 15-1 PowerDrive Plus Battery Configuration
EXTERNAL MOTOR TESTING
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 15-1.
Using a multimeter or continuity tester the following tests can be performed without disassembling the motor.
Test Procedure 1 - Internal Short Circuit
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position and disconnect the batteries (Figure 15-1, Page 15-2).
2. Using two wrenches to prevent posts from turning, disconnect wires from terminals on motor.
NOTE
• TAG THE MOTOR WIRES FOR IDENTIFICATION BEFORE DISCONNECTING.
3. Using a multimeter set to 200 ohms (¾), place black (-) probe on motor housing. Scratch through paint to
ensure a good connection. Place red (+) probe on A1, A2, F1, and F2 terminals respectively (Figure 15-1, Page
15-2). Multimeter should indicate no continuity. If readings are incorrect, motor will need to be removed from
the vehicle and repaired by a qualified technician. See Motor Removal, Page 15-3.
3.1. An incorrect reading from the A1 or A2 terminal indicates three possible problems; a grounded A1 or A2
terminal, a grounded wire in the brush area, or a grounded armature/commutator. An incorrect reading
for the F1 or F2 terminal indicates a possible grounded F1 or F2 terminal or field coil.
F2 2
F1 1 A
A
Figure 15-1 Test for Motor Short Circuit
Page 15-2
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
MOTOR
Motor
Test Procedure 2 - Armature Circuit Open
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position and disconnect the batteries (Figure 15-1, Page 15-2).
2. Using two wrenches to prevent post from turning, disconnect wires from the A1 and A2 terminals on the
motor. Using a multimeter set to 200 ohms (¾), place the red (+) probe on the A1 terminal and black (–) probe
on the A2 terminal (Figure 15-1, Page 15-2). The multimeter should indicate continuity. If the reading is
incorrect, a possible open or poor contact in a brush assembly and/or open armature windings may be the
cause. The motor will need to be removed from the vehicle and repaired by a qualified technician. See Motor
Removal.
Test Procedure 3 - Field Circuit Open
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position and disconnect the batteries (Figure 15-1, Page 15-2).
2. Using two wrenches to prevent post from turning, disconnect wires from the motor F1 and F2 terminals. Using a
multimeter set to 200 ohms, place the red (+) probe on the F1 terminal and the black (–) probe on the F2 terminal (Figure 15-1, Page 15-2). The multimeter should indicate continuity. If the reading is incorrect, a possible open field coil or bad connections at the terminals may be the cause. The motor will need to be removed
from the vehicle and repaired by a qualified technician. See Motor Removal.
Club Car
Figure 15-2 Lift Vehicle with Floor Jack
Figure 15-3 Support Vehicle with Jackstands
MOTOR
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 15-1.
Motor Removal
1. Place Tow/Run switch in TOW and disconnect battery cables, negative cable first (Figure 15-1, Page 15-2).
2. Disconnect motor wires. Use two wrenches to prevent post from turning. Label wires to ensure proper reconnection. See NOTE on page 15-2.
3. Slightly loosen all the lug nuts on both rear wheels.
4. Place floor jack under transaxle and raise rear of vehicle (Figure 15-2, Page 15-3) then place jackstands under
frame cross-member between the spring mount and the side stringer, just forward of each rear wheel. Lower
the vehicle to let the jackstands support the vehicle (Figure 15-3, Page 15-3). See following WARNING.
WARNING
• LIFT ONLY ONE END OF THE VEHICLE AT A TIME. BEFORE LIFTING, LOCK THE BRAKES AND CHOCK THE WHEELS
THAT REMAIN ON THE FLOOR. USE A SUITABLE LIFTING DEVICE (CHAIN HOIST OR HYDRAULIC FLOOR JACK) WITH
1000 LBS. (454 KG.) MINIMUM LIFTING CAPACITY. DO NOT USE LIFTING DEVICE TO HOLD VEHICLE IN RAISED
POSITION. ALWAYS USE APPROVED JACKSTANDS OF PROPER WEIGHT CAPACITY TO SUPPORT THE VEHICLE.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 15-3
15
15
MOTOR
Motor
Motor Removal, Continued:
5. Remove both rear wheels.
6. Remove the nut, cup washer, and bushing from the bottom side of the shock absorber. Compress the shock
absorber (pushing upwards) to move it out of the way.
7. Remove the nuts and bolts mounting the rear leaf springs to the shackles (Figure 15-4, Page 15-4).
8. To gain easier access to the motor, lower the transaxle as low as it will go. If more room is needed, remove the
jack from beneath the transaxle and allow the springs to rest on the floor (Figure 15-4, Page 15-4).
9. Remove the four bolts that mount the motor to the transaxle (Figure 15-17, Page 15-13).
CAUTION
• DO NOT PLACE FINGERS OR HANDS UNDER MOTOR DURING REMOVAL. SEVERE INJURY COULD RESULT IF
FINGERS OR HANDS ARE CAUGHT BETWEEN MOTOR AND AXLE TUBE.
10. Carefully slide the motor away from the transaxle until the motor spline disengages the pinion and then
remove the motor from the vehicle.
Figure 15-4 Lower Axle
Motor Disassembly
1. Before beginning disassembly, place match marks on the motor end shield and stator shell, then place the
motor in a vice with wooden blocks as shown (Figure 15-5, Page 15-5).
2. Remove the four bolts (8) securing the end shield (10) to the stator shell (2) (Figure 15-5, Page 15-5).
3. Remove the two screws (9) attaching the end shield to the bearing retainer (Figure 15-5, Page 15-5).
4. Slide the armature (17) out of the opposite end of the stator shell (Figure 15-5, Page 15-5).
5. Remove two screws (11) attaching brush rigging (12) to the stator shell (2) (Figure 15-8, Page 15-7).
6. Mark the brush terminal posts (A1 and A2) (13) to identify their positions in the stator shell and winding assembly,
then remove the nuts (6) and flat washers (5) (Figure 15-8, Page 15-7). From the outside, push the posts through
the stator shell wall into the interior of the stator shell and winding assembly.
7. Carefully remove the brush rigging and the terminal posts from the stator shell.
8. To remove brush springs (14) from the rigging, lift the spring extensions out and over the brush mounts and
then slide the springs off their mounting tabs (Figure 15-6, Page 15-5).
Page 15-4
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
MOTOR
Testing and Inspecting Individual Components
8
9
14
10
MATCH
MARKS
2
F2
A2
17
ARMATURE
Figure 15-5 Motor Disassembly
Figure 15-6 Brush Spring Removal
TESTING AND INSPECTING INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 15-1.
ARMATURE
1. Disassemble the motor and carefully inspect the armature for the following defects:
• Burned, charred or cracked insulation.
• Improperly cured varnish.
• Thrown solder.
• Flared armature windings.
• Damaged armature core laminations.
• Worn, burned or glazed commutators.
• Dirty or oily commutators.
• Raised commutator bars.
• Worn armature bearing or shaft.
A dirty or oily commutator should be cleaned and wiped dry. Abnormalities identified during the inspection can
help determine original cause of failure. Slight roughness of the commutator can be polished smooth with 400 grit
or finer sandpaper. See following CAUTION and NOTE.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 15-5
15
15
MOTOR
Testing and Inspecting Individual Components
CAUTION
• NEVER USE EMERY CLOTH TO SMOOTH THE COMMUTATOR. PARTICLES OF EMERY ARE CONDUCTIVE AND MAY
SHORT-CIRCUIT THE COMMUTATOR BARS. NEVER USE OIL OR LUBRICANTS ON THE COMMUTATOR OR BRUSHES.
NOTE
• OIL ON THE COMMUTATOR MAY INDICATE A FAULTY TRANSAXLE INPUT SHAFT OIL SEAL.
Armature Ground Test
CAUTION
• DO NOT SUBMERGE THE ARMATURE IN SOLVENT.
NOTE
• BEFORE TESTING THE ARMATURE, WIPE IT CLEAN WITH A CLEAN CLOTH. REMOVE ANY CARBON DUST AND
METAL PARTICLES FROM BETWEEN THE COMMUTATOR BARS.
1. With a multimeter set to 200 ohms, place one probe on the commutator and the other on the armature core.
The multimeter should indicate no continuity (Figure 15-7, Page 15-6). If the reading is incorrect, replace the
motor.
ARMATURE CORE
COMMUTATOR
Figure 15-7 Armature
FIELD WINDINGS
Burned or scorched insulation on the field windings indicates the motor has overheated due to overloads or
grounded or shorted coil windings. If the insulation on the field windings is scorched, replace the motor or the stator shell assembly.
Page 15-6
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
MOTOR
Testing and Inspecting Individual Components
TYPICAL
2 PLACES
29
9
TYPICAL
2 PLACES
12
22
10
11
23
13
14
19
24
7
21
17
8
TYPICAL
4 PLACES
15
16
2
27
28
F11
A
A2
18
20
F2
1
6
5
4
25
26
3
TYPICAL
3 PLACES
Figure 15-8 Motor
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 15-7
15
15
MOTOR
Testing and Inspecting Individual Components
MOTOR COMPONENTS
1. Inspect the insulators (4 and 7) for cracks or other damage (Figure 15-8, Page 15-7).
2. Inspect the brushes (13) for damage or excessive wear (Figure 15-8, Page 15-7). If brushes need to be
replaced, see NOTE in step 2, page 15-10.
3. Inspect the brush springs (14). Replace springs that are discolored from heat (light gold or blue tinted).
Replace springs which apply a force of less than 16 oz. (Figure 15-9, Page 15-8).
CAUTION
• WHEN CHECKING BRUSH SPRING TENSION, DO NOT OVER-EXTEND THE SPRING. USING EXCESSIVE FORCE WILL
DAMAGE THE SPRING.
BEARING INSPECTION
1. Using a clean cloth, wipe the carbon dust off of the bearing. Inspect the bearing by spinning it by hand and
checking for both axial (A) and radial (B) play (Figure 15-10, Page 15-8).
2. Replace the bearing if it is noisy, does not spin smoothly, or has excessive play. Check the bearing and replace
if rusted, worn, cracked, or if there is an abnormal color change in the metal of the bearing. Do not remove the
bearing unless it is to be replaced.
REPLACE SPRINGS
WHICH APPLY A
FORCE OF LESS
THAN 16 OUNCES
1
1 0
2 5
25 0
3
3 0
4 5
4 0
50 5
A
5
B
0
Figure 15-9 Check Brush Springs
Figure 15-10 Inspect Bearing
BEARING REMOVAL
1. Place the wedge attachment tool (Club Car Part No. 1012812) between the bearing (15) and the armature
(Figures 15-8 and 15-12, Pages 15-7 and 15-11). Make sure the wedge attachment tool is supporting the
inner race of the bearing. If a press is not available, secure a bearing puller (Club Car Part No. 1012811) to the
bearing and pull the bearing off of the end of the armature shaft. Support the shaft so it will not drop when
the bearing is removed (Figure 15-12, Page 15-11). Discard the bearing.
GUIDE RING INSPECTION
NOTE
• FOR 1999 VEHICLES WITH SERIAL NUMBER 9912-752697 AND GREATER, THE GUIDE RING (18) AND SNAP RING
(20) HAVE BEEN ELIMINATED (FIGURE 15-8, PAGE 15-7).
1. Insert the alignment and installation tool (Figure 15-11, Page 15-9) into the output end of the motor shaft
and into the guide ring, stopping the tool before it reaches the armature splines. Turn the alignment tool in
the shaft. If guide ring moves and armature does not move, the guide ring must be replaced (Figure 15-11,
Page 15-9).
Page 15-8
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
MOTOR
Reconditioning the Motor
2. To fabricate a guide ring installation tool, glue a guide ring (Club Car Part No. 101789101) onto an input shaft
(Club Car Part No. 1013764) and allow the glue to set (Figure 15-11, Page 15-9).
Guide Ring Removal
1. Using snap ring pliers, remove the snap ring (20) (Figure 15-8, Page 15-7).
2. Insert fingers of a seal puller (Club Car Part No. 1012809) through guide ring (18) (approximately 3/4 in. (19
mm) into the shaft). Turn the adjusting block to expand the fingers until they are wedged under the bottom
edge of the guide ring. Remove the guide ring by quickly and forcefully sliding the ram up the tool shaft and
against the stop (Figure 15-13, Page 15-11). The guide ring may also be removed using a small pry bar.
Guide Ring Installation
1. Coat the outside surface of the new guide ring with a thin film of guide ring adhesive (Club Car Part No.
101813201), then slide the guide ring onto the guide ring installation tool (Figure 15-11, Page 15-9) next to
the guide ring already in place. Mating the splines of the input shaft with the splines in the armature shaft,
insert the input shaft into the armature shaft until the new guide ring is seated against the end of the armature splines. Remove the guide ring installation tool from the armature. Make sure the guide ring remains
seated.
2. After the guide ring is installed, allow the glue to set for 24 hours before installing the snap ring (20) and
installing the motor onto the transaxle (Figure 15-8, Page 15-7).
GUIDE RING (GLUED TO
INPUT SHAFT TO MAKE A GUIDE RING
ALIGNMENT AND INSTALLATION TOOL)
GUIDE RING
WITH ADHESIVE (TO BE INSTALLED)
ARMATURE SHAFT
TRANSAXLE INPUT SHAFT
(CLUB CAR PART
NO. 1013764) (GUIDE RING
ALIGNMENT AND
INSTALLATION TOOL,
AFTER A GUIDE RING IS
GLUED TO THE SHAFT)
Figure 15-11 Guide Ring
RECONDITIONING THE MOTOR
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 15-1.
Motor reconditioning must be performed by a qualified motor repair technician. The use of proper tools and methods is absolutely essential for successful motor reconditioning.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 15-9
15
15
MOTOR
Motor Assembly
Motor Specifications
Any rework must be performed by a qualified technician. Motor service specifications are listed in the table below.
ITEM
SERVICE LIMIT
Commutator diameter (minimum)
2.265 in. (66.675 mm)
Commutator concentric with armature shaft within
.001 in. (0.0508 mm)
Limit depth of cut when machining commutator
.005 in. (0.127 mm)
Bar to bar run out should not exceed
.0002 in. (.00508 mm)
If undercut of segment insulator is less than .016 in. (0.406 mm), it should be undercut to
Machined face of Commutator
Field coil resistance (PowerDrive Plus 48 Volt, 3.20 Hp.)
.031 in. (0.8 mm)
8-16 micro in.
1.32353 ¾
MOTOR ASSEMBLY
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 15-1.
1. If the bearing has been removed, replace the bearing:
1.1.
Press new bearing onto armature. Use an arbor press that exerts pressure on inner race only. See following
NOTE.
NOTE
• MAKE SURE THE BEARING RETAINER (16) (FIGURE 15-8, PAGE 15-7) IS POSITIONED ON THE ARMATURE SHAFT
BEFORE THE BEARING IS PRESSED ON.
• AN ARBOR WITH AN OUTSIDE DIAMETER OF LESS THAN 5/8 IN. (16MM) SHOULD BE USED TO PRESS THE
BEARING ON.
2. Install the brushes. See following NOTE.
NOTE
• WHEN INSTALLING NEW BRUSHES, REMOVE AND REPLACE BRUSHES ONE AT A TIME. THIS METHOD ENSURES
THE TERMINALS AND BRUSHES WILL BE PROPERLY POSITIONED IN THE RIGGING.
• WHEN REPLACING BRUSHES, REPLACE ALL FOUR BRUSHES. NEVER REPLACE ONLY TWO.
• INSTALL THE BRUSHES IN THE SAME RIGGING 180° APART FROM EACH OTHER.
3. With brush rigging (12) facing down and held slightly above stator shell (2), insert the two terminal posts
through insulators in stator shell wall at the A1 and A2 positions. Insert brush holder screws (11) through the
rubber sealed holes in the rigging and into the threaded holes in the mounting bracket (Figure 15-8, Page
15-7). Tighten the screws to 20 in.lb (2.2 N-m). See also Figure 15-14, Page 15-13.
4. One at a time, push brush spring extensions back from brushes and slide brushes back until they are completely retracted into their mounting slots. Then position brush springs against sides of brushes so spring
pressure will hold them in the retracted position (Figure 15-6, Page 15-5).
5. Slide the armature, bearing end first, into the stator shell. Make sure the brushes are held back while positioning the
armature for proper commutator/brush contact. Release the brushes and place the springs outside the brushes so
the brushes are being held against the commutator. See following CAUTION.
6. Install end shield onto the stator shell.
Page 15-10
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
MOTOR
Motor Assembly
SEAL PULLER
(CLUB CAR NO. 1012809)
PRESS
RAM
WEDGE ATTACHMENT TOOL
(CLUB CAR PART NO. 1012812)
ADUSTING
BLOCK
BEARING PULLER
(CLUB CAR PART NO. 1012811)
Figure 15-12 Bearing Removal
Figure 15-13 Guide Ring Removal
CAUTION
• IF THE MOTOR IS BEING ASSEMBLED WITH THE ARMATURE STANDING ON END AS THE COMMUTATOR IS
POSITIONED, MAKE SURE THE BRUSHES ARE HELD BACK. DO NOT ALLOW THE BRUSHES TO SUPPORT THE
WEIGHT OF THE STATOR SHELL. THE BRUSHES CAN BE EASILY DAMAGED BY THIS WEIGHT.
6.1. Attach the end shield (10) to bearing retainer (16) by aligning the two holes in the bearing retainer with
the two mating holes in the end shield and installing the screws (9) (Figure 15-8, Page 15-7). Tighten
the screws to 17 in.lb (1.9 N-m). See following NOTE.
NOTE
• USE A LONG SCREW WITH SAME THREAD SPECIFICATIONS AS MOUNTING SCREWS TO MAINTAIN HOLE
ALIGNMENT WHILE STARTING FIRST MOUNTING SCREW (FIGURE 15-15, PAGE 15-13).
6.2. Align the match marks on the end shield and the stator shell, then install the four screws (8) (Figure 158, Page 15-7). Tighten the screws to 90 in.lb (10 N-m).
NOTE
• MAKE SURE THE MOTOR SPEED SENSOR LEAD LOCATED ON THE END SHIELD IS ALIGNED WITH THE F2 AND A2
TERMINALS ON THE MOTOR HOUSING.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 15-11
15
15
MOTOR
Motor Installation
Motor Assembly, Continued:
7. Make sure the armature turns freely. If it doesn’t turn freely, disassemble the motor to find the problem. Make
sure the bearing is properly seated in the end shield when assembling the motor.
MOTOR INSTALLATION
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 15-1.
1. Apply Molykote G® lubricant to the female splines of the motor armature shaft.
2. Slide the motor onto the transaxle input shaft. Rotate the motor until the locating bolt mounting hole on the
motor is aligned with its mounting hole in the transaxle case. Install the bolt (28) (thread in only a few turns)
with lock washer (27) (Figure 15-8, Page 15-7). See also Figure 15-16, Page 15-13. Do not tighten the bolt
at this time.
3. Install, but do not tighten the three 1/4-20 bolts (25) with lock washers (26) that mount the motor to the transaxle (Figure 15-8, Page 15-7). See following CAUTION.
CAUTION
• MAKE SURE THE MOTOR IS PROPERLY SEATED IN THE TRANSAXLE HOUSING.
4. Finger tighten the four bolts, moving from bolt (C) to bolts (A, B, and D) until the motor is seated. With one wheel
jacked up so it is off the ground, rotate the axle to make sure the motor is not binding on the transaxle input shaft
(Figure 15-17, Page 15-13).
5. Tighten lower 1/4 in. bolt (C). Next, tighten bolt (A), then tighten center bolt (B) at the top. Tighten bolts to 65
in.lb (7.3 N-m). Tighten the 5/16 in. bolt (D) to 155 in.lb (17.5 N-m) (Figure 15-17, Page 15-13).
6. Install the motor wires. Make sure they are connected to the correct terminals. Tighten the terminal retaining
nuts to 65 in.lb (7.3 N-m). See following NOTE.
NOTE
• THE MOTOR WIRES SHOULD HAVE BEEN TAGGED FOR IDENTIFICATION WHEN THEY WERE DISCONNECTED. IF
THE WIRES WERE NOT TAGGED, SEE WIRING DIAGRAM IN SECTION 11, FIGURE 11-1, PAGE 11-2.
7. If using a chain hoist, lower the vehicle and guide the leaf springs into the shackles. If using a floor jack, raise
the transaxle until the leaf springs can be guided into the shackles.
8. Insert mounting bolts through spring shackles and bushings in leaf spring eyes and install lock nuts. Tighten bolts
to 23 ft.lb (31 N-m). See Section 9–Rear Suspension in the Maintenance and Service Manual.
9. Install the shock absorbers. Tighten nut until rubber bushing expands to the size of the cup washer.
10. If removed, reinstall wheels. See Section 8–Wheels and Tires in the Maintenance and Service Manual.
Tighten lug nuts to 55 ft.lb (74.6 N-m).
11. Connect the battery cables (positive cable first). Tighten cables to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m) (Figure 15-1, Page 152). Coat terminals with Batter Protector Spray (Club Car Part No. 1014305) to minimize corrosion. Place Tow
switch in the RUN position.
MOTOR SPEED SENSOR
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 15-1.
Testing the Motor Speed Sensor
See Test Procedure 14, Section 11, Page 11-19.
Page 15-12
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
MOTOR
Motor Speed Sensor
END SHIELD
MOUNTING SCREW
RIGGING
BEARING RETAINER
TERMINAL
POST
F2
F1 A2
A1
MOUNTING
TAB
Figure 15-14 Brush Installation
Figure 15-15 End Shield Installation
A
B
VIEWED
FROM
DRIVER
SIDE
C
D
INSTALL MOTOR ON TRANSAXLE,
ALIGN AND INSTALL MOUNTING BOLT
Figure 15-16 Motor Installation
Figure 15-17 Motor Mount
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 15-13
15
15
MOTOR
Motor Speed Sensor
Motor Speed Sensor Removal
1. Place Tow/Run switch in the TOW position and disconnect battery cables (Figure 15-1, Page 15-2).
2. Disconnect the three-pin connector (22) (Figure 15-18, Page 15-14).
3. Remove the three retaining screws (24) from the retaining plate (23) located on the motor end shield (10)
(Figure 15-18, Page 15-14).
4. Remove motor speed sensor (21) from recessed area on motor (Figure 15-18, Page 15-14).
Motor Speed Sensor Installation
1. Position the motor speed sensor (21) in the recessed area on the motor. Sensor should fit flush against the motor
(Figure 15-18, Page 15-14).
2. Position retaining plate (23) over motor speed sensor and align the three retaining plate holes with motor end
shield holes. Install three retaining screws (24) (Figure 15-18, Page 15-14).
3. Reconnect the three-pin connector (22) (Figure 15-18, Page 15-14).
4. Reconnect battery cables (positive cable first) and tighten to 110 in.lb (12.4 N-m). Coat terminals with Batter
Protector Spray (Club Car Part No. 1014305) to minimize corrosion. Place Tow/Run switch in the RUN position
(Figure 15-1, Page 15-2).
22
21
23
10
24
Figure 15-18 Installing the Motor Speed Sensor
Page 15-14
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
16
SECTION 16–TRANSAXLE
DANGER
• BATTERY - EXPLOSIVE GASES! DO NOT SMOKE. KEEP SPARKS AND FLAMES AWAY. VENTILATE
WHEN CHARGING OR USING IN AN ENCLOSED SPACE. ALWAYS WEAR FULL FACE SHIELD WHEN
WORKING ON OR NEAR BATTERIES.
• USE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN USING TOOLS, WIRES, OR METAL OBJECTS NEAR BATTERIES! A
SHORT CIRCUIT AND (OR) SPARK COULD CAUSE AN EXPLOSION.
• BATTERY - POISON! CONTAINS ACID! CAUSES SEVERE BURNS. AVOID CONTACT WITH SKIN, EYES,
OR CLOTHING. ANTIDOTES:
- EXTERNAL: FLUSH WITH WATER. CALL A PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
- INTERNAL: DRINK LARGE QUANTITIES OF MILK OR WATER. FOLLOW WITH MILK OF MAGNESIA OR
VEGETABLE OIL. CALL A PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
- EYES: FLUSH WITH WATER FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES. CALL PHYSICIAN IMMEDIATELY.
WARNING
• ONLY TRAINED MECHANICS SHOULD REPAIR OR SERVICE THIS VEHICLE. ANYONE DOING EVEN SIMPLE REPAIRS
OR SERVICE SHOULD HAVE KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERIENCE IN GENERAL ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL REPAIR.
FOLLOW ALL PROCEDURES EXACTLY AND HEED ALL WARNINGS STATED IN THIS MANUAL.
• WEAR SAFETY GLASSES OR APPROVED EYE PROTECTION WHILE SERVICING VEHICLE.
• TURN KEY SWITCH OFF, PLACE FORWARD/REVERSE ROCKER SWITCH IN THE NEUTRAL POSITION, AND REMOVE
KEY BEFORE SERVICING THE VEHICLE.
• MOVING PARTS! - DO NOT ATTEMPT TO SERVICE THE VEHICLE WHILE IT IS RUNNING.
• USE INSULATED TOOLS WHEN WORKING NEAR BATTERIES OR ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS.
• LIFT ONLY ONE END OF THE VEHICLE AT A TIME. BEFORE LIFTING, LOCK THE BRAKES AND CHOCK THE WHEELS
THAT REMAIN ON THE FLOOR. USE A SUITABLE LIFTING DEVICE (CHAIN HOIST OR HYDRAULIC FLOOR JACK) WITH
1000 LBS. (454 KG.) MINIMUM LIFTING CAPACITY. DO NOT USE LIFTING DEVICE TO HOLD VEHICLE IN RAISED
POSITION. ALWAYS USE APPROVED JACKSTANDS OF PROPER WEIGHT CAPACITY TO SUPPORT THE VEHICLE.
• TO AVOID UNINTENTIONALLY STARTING VEHICLE, PLACE TWO SWITCH IN TOW, THEN DISCONNECT BATTERIES
AS SHOWN IN SECTION 11, FIGURE 11-9, PAGE 11-10 AND DISCHARGE THE CONTROLLER AS FOLLOWS:
- TURN KEY SWITCH ON, PLACE FORWARD/REVERSE ROCKER SWITCH IN REVERSE.
- SLOWLY DEPRESS THE ACCELERATOR PEDAL AND KEEP IT DEPRESSED UNTIL THE REVERSE WARNING
BUZZER CAN NO LONGER BE HEARD. WHEN THE BUZZER STOPS SOUNDING, THE CONTROLLER IS
DISCHARGED.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement
Page 16-1
16
TRANSAXLE
General Information
GENERAL INFORMATION
There are two types of transaxles used in the manufacture of the electric vehicle. The different transaxles are identified by the orientation of the gear case bolts. The Type G transaxle has gear case bolt heads toward the passenger
side of the vehicle. The Type K transaxle has gear case bolt heads toward the driver side of the vehicle. Please note
the parts used in these transaxles are not interchangeable with one another. Service and repair procedures specific
to each transaxle are noted throughout this section.
LUBRICATION
There are two plugs located on the lower half of the transaxle housing. The upper plug (as viewed when the vehicle
is on a level surface), is used as a lubricant level indicator. When the vehicle is parked on a level surface, the lubricant
level should be even with the bottom of the hole. The lower plug is for draining the lubricant.
When draining the lubricant, the upper plug should be removed so the lubricant will drain faster. Be sure the drain
plug is reinstalled before refilling.
NOTE
• RECYCLE OR DISPOSE OF USED OIL OR LUBRICANT IN ACCORDANCE WITH LOCAL, STATE AND FEDERAL
REGULATIONS.
AXLE SHAFT AND BEARING
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 16-1.
AXLE SHAFT
Axle Shaft and Oil Seal Removal
1. Place chocks at the front wheels. Loosen lug nuts on rear wheels and lift the rear of the vehicle with a chain
hoist or floor jack. Place jackstands under the axle tubes to support the vehicle.
2. Remove the rear wheel and brake drum. See Section 6–Wheel Brake Assemblies and Section 8–Wheels
and Tires in the Maintenance and Service Manual.
3. Using 90° internal snap ring pliers, remove the internal retaining ring (6) from the axle tube (Figures 16-4 or
16-5, Pages 16-4 or 16-5). See also Figure 16-1, Page 16-3.
4. Remove the axle, retaining ring, and bearing assembly by pulling the axle straight out of thehousing.
5. Use a 16 in. (40 cm) rolling wedge bar (Figure 16-2, Page 16-3) to remove oil seal. Insert the wedge bar
underneath the seal lip and pry out oil seal (Figure 16-3, Page 16-3) . See following CAUTION.
Page 16-2
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
TRANSAXLE
Axle Shaft and Bearing
Figure 16-1 Axle Tube
Figure 16-2 Rolling Wedge Bar
CAUTION
• DO NOT SCAR OR DAMAGE THE INSIDE SURFACES OF THE TUBE WHEN REMOVING THE OIL SEAL. A DAMAGED
TUBE MIGHT HAVE TO BE REPLACED.
6. Inspect the axle shaft assembly to be sure the bearing and collar have not slipped and are still seated against
the shoulder on the axle shaft.
7. Inspect bearing (5) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4 or Figure 16-5, Page 16-5). If the bearing in a Type K transaxle is
worn or damaged, replace bearing. If the bearing in a Type G transaxle is worn or damaged, see following
NOTE at Axle Bearing.
Figure 16-3 Seal Lip
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 16-3
16
16
TRANSAXLE
Axle Shaft and Bearing
REFERENCE
MOTOR—
SECTION 15
43
42
12
11
13
10
9
8
3
1
15
7
17
24
16
18
4
26
19
5
6
18
18
23
25
22
21
TYPICAL
2 PLACES
30
20
28
27
29
6
14
5
41
31
4
37
17
38
40
7
37
14
33
34
34
36
9
32
39
15
Figure 16-4 Transaxle - Type K
Page 16-4
2
8
35
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
3
TRANSAXLE
Axle Shaft and Bearing
REFERENCE
MOTOR—
SECTION 15
12
38
37
11
10
9
8
3
1
24
7
36
15
20
16
17
14
4
5
6
16
16
19
18
23
21
22
25
6
32
5
34
4
36
26
33
13
13
15
35
7
30
31
30
28
2
8
29
27
27
9
3
36
Figure 16-5 Transaxle - Type G
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 16-5
16
16
TRANSAXLE
Axle Shaft and Bearing
AXLE BEARING
NOTE
• DO NOT REMOVE AXLE BEARING FROM A TYPE G TRANSAXLE. IF BEARING IS WORN OR DAMAGED, THE ENTIRE
AXLE ASSEMBLY (1 OR 2) MUST BE REPLACED (FIGURE 16-5, PAGE 16-5).
Axle Bearing Removal (Type K Transaxle Only)
1. Remove the retaining ring (7) from the axle shaft (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4).
2. Place a bearing puller wedge attachment (Club Car Part No. 1012812) on the axle shaft between the wheel
mounting flange and the bearing.
3. Press bearing (5) and collar (4) off together (Figure 16-6, Page 16-6).
CAUTION
• DO NOT TIGHTEN THE BEARING PULLER WEDGE ATTACHMENT AGAINST THE AXLE SHAFT. THIS COULD
DAMAGE THE AXLE SHAFT WHEN PRESSING OFF THE BEARING AND COLLAR.
NOTE
• IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO HEAT THE COLLAR BEFORE THE COLLAR CAN BE REMOVED.
BEARING
PULLER
WEDGE
ATTACHMENT
PRESS RAM
AXLE SEAL
TOOL
4
5
AXLE SEAL
Figure 16-6 Bearing and Collar
Page 16-6
Figure 16-7 Axle Seal Tool
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
TRANSAXLE
Axle Shaft and Bearing
Axle Bearing Installation (Type K Transaxle Only)
1. If removed, place retaining ring (6) on axle shaft (1 or 2) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4). The retaining ring will be
loose on the axle shaft until it is installed into the axle tube.
2. Apply two drops of Loctite® 271 to the inside of the collar.
CAUTION
• APPLY LOCTITE 271® TO INSIDE OF COLLAR ONLY, NOT TO THE SHAFT, SO THE LOCTITE WILL BE PUSHED AWAY
FROM THE BEARING AS THE COLLAR AND BEARING ARE PRESSED ON. IF LOCTITE GETS ON OR IN THE BEARING,
THE BEARING MUST BE REPLACED.
• THE COLLAR SHOULD BE REMOVED NO MORE THAN TWO TIMES. IF A BEARING IS REMOVED A THIRD TIME, THE
SHAFT AND COLLAR WILL NOT GIVE A PROPER FIT.
3. Place the bearing and the collar on the shaft (note, this is a sealed bearing). See following CAUTION.
CAUTION
• IF THE BEARING WAS REMOVED FROM THE SHAFT, REPLACE BEARING WITH A NEW ONE.
4. Place the bearing puller wedge attachment against the collar and press on both the bearing and collar. See
CAUTION on page 16-6.
5. Install retaining ring (7) into the groove on the axle shaft (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4).
Axle Shaft and Oil Seal Installation
1. Clean bearing and seal seats in the axle tube (16 or 40) (Figure 16-3, Page 16-3) or (14 or 35) (Figure 16-5,
Page 16-5).
2. Place new seal (17) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) or (15) (Figure 16-5, Page 16-5) in axle tube with seal lip facing
away from the bearing. Use an axle seal tool (Club Car Part No. 1014162) and mallet to tap it in until it seats
firmly in position (Figure 16-7, Page 16-6). A hydraulic press may also be used with the axle seal tool.
3. Clean the shaft splines and then insert the shaft, splined end first, through the seal and into the axle tube. Be
careful not to damage the seal. Then advance the shaft through the inner bearing and rotate it to align the
shaft splines with the splined bore of the differential side gear. Continue advancing the shaft until the bearing
seats against the axle tube shoulder.
4. Using snap ring pliers, install retaining ring (6) inside axle tube (Figure 16-4 or 16-5, Pages 16-4 or 16-5).
NOTE
• TYPE G TRANSAXLES: IF RETAINING RING (6) MUST BE REPLACED, THE ENTIRE AXLE SHAFT ASSEMBLY (1 OR 2)
MUST BE REPLACED (FIGURE 16-5, PAGE 16-5).
5. Place a 1/4 in. to 3/8 in. (6 to 10 mm) diameter rod against the retaining ring and tap lightly at four to five locations around the retaining ring to ensure it is properly seated.
WARNING
• BE SURE THE RETAINING RING IS PROPERLY SEATED IN ITS GROOVE. IF THE RING IS NOT PROPERLY INSTALLED,
THE AXLE ASSEMBLY WILL SEPARATE FROM THE TRANSAXLE AND DAMAGE THE AXLE ASSEMBLY AND OTHER
COMPONENTS. LOSS OF VEHICLE CONTROL COULD RESULT, CAUSING SEVERE PERSONAL INJURY.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 16-7
16
16
TRANSAXLE
Transaxle
TRANSAXLE
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 16-1.
TRANSAXLE REMOVAL
1. Place chocks at the front wheels and slightly loosen lug nuts on both rear wheels.
2. Place a floor jack under the transaxle and raise the rear of the vehicle. Position jackstands under the frame
cross-member between the spring mount and the side stringer, just forward of each rear wheel. Lower the
vehicle to let the jackstands support the vehicle (Figure 16-8, Page 16-8).
3. Remove rear wheels, then thread one lug nut onto stud on each rear hub. This will keep brake drums on hubs.
4. Remove the cotter pins (1), brake cable clevis pins (2), and cable retaining E-clips (3). Disconnect the brake
cables (4) (Figure 16-9, Page 16-8).
5. Disconnect the shock absorbers from their lower mounts (Figure 16-10, Page 16-8).
6. Disconnect the four motor wires. Use two wrenches to prevent the studs from turning.
7. With a floor jack supporting the transaxle, remove lower spring shackle nuts and bolts. Position shackles so
they are clear of springs (Figure 16-11, Page 16-8).
2
4
3
Figure 16-8 Support Vehicle on Jackstands
1
Figure 16-9 Disconnect Brakes
REMOVE BOLTS, THEN
ROTATE SHACKLES
UP AND AWAY
FROM SPRING
DISCONNECT SHOCK
ABSORBERS FROM
LOWER MOUNTS
Figure 16-10 Disconnect Shocks
Page 16-8
Figure 16-11 Shackles
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
TRANSAXLE
Transaxle
Transaxle Removal, Continued:
8. If a chain hoist was used to raise the vehicle, lift the vehicle high enough to permit easy access and clearance
for removal of the motor. If a floor jack was used to raise the vehicle, lower the transaxle enough to permit
easy access and clearance for removal of the motor.
9. Remove three motor mounting bolts (Figure 16-13, Page 16-8), and the motor positioning bolt (Figure 1621, Page 16-12), mounting the motor to the transaxle.
WARNING
• MOTOR WEIGHS APPROXIMATELY 42 LBS. USE CARE WHEN SLIDING MOTOR OFF INPUT SHAFT IN STEP 9.
FINGERS MAY GET PINCHED WHEN MOTOR DISENGAGES.
MOTOR MOUNTING
BOLTS
REST LEAF SPRINGS ON FLOOR
THEN REMOVE U-BOLTS
INPUT
PINION
GEAR
INTERMEDIATE
GEAR ASSEMBLY
Figure 16-12 Leaf Springs
DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR CASE
Figure 16-13 Motor Mounting Bolts
INSTALL MOTOR ON TRANSAXLE,
ALIGN AND INSTALL POSITIONING BOLT
Figure 16-14 Motor Positioning Bolt
10. Carefully remove the motor from the transaxle. Slide the motor away from the transaxle until the motor spline
becomes disengaged from the input shaft, then lift motor out. See preceding WARNING.
11. If a floorjack was used, pull floorjack from beneath the transaxle and allow the springs to rest on the floor.
12. Remove the U-bolts attaching the transaxle to the leaf springs (Figure 16-12, Page 16-9).
13. Carefully lift each end of the transaxle off its positioning pin (on the leaf spring) and slide the transaxle to the
rear and out of the vehicle.
14. If removal of the brake assemblies is required, see Section 6–Wheel Brake Assemblies in the 1998/1999 DS
Vehicle Maintenance and Service Manual.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 16-9
16
16
TRANSAXLE
Transaxle Disassembly, Inspection and Assembly
TRANSAXLE DISASSEMBLY, INSPECTION AND ASSEMBLY
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 16-1.
TRANSAXLE DISASSEMBLY AND INSPECTION
1. To detach axle tubes (16 and 40) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) or (14 and 35) (Figure 16-5, Page 16-5) from transaxle housing, remove bolts and lock washers (8 and 9) (Figure 16-4 or 16-5). See following NOTE.
NOTE
• TYPE K TRANSAXLES ONLY: SHIMS ARE LOCATED BETWEEN THE DRIVER SIDE AXLE TUBE AND DIFFERENTIAL
CASE BEARING. DO NOT DAMAGE SHIMS. IF SHIMS ARE REMOVED, SET THEM ASIDE FOR REINSTALLATION.
2. Remove 10 bolts (26) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) or 11 bolts, (24) (Figure 16-5, Page 16-5) that hold housing
together.
3. Pull the halves of the housing apart. If necessary, tap lightly on the spline of the input pinion.
CAUTION
• TO PREVENT DAMAGE TO THE HOUSING MATING SEAL SURFACES, USE CAUTION WHEN SEPARATING HALVES.
4. Remove input pinion gear (19) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) or (17) (Figure 16-5, Page 16-5) by pulling gear out
while rocking intermediate gear assembly. Lift intermediate gear assembly and differential gear case unit out
simultaneously.
CAUTION
• DO NOT DAMAGE GEARS. USE EXTREME CARE WHEN HANDLING THEM.
REMOVE KEY
PRESS RAM
ARBOR
Figure 16-15 Intermediate Gear Assembly
Figure 16-16 Remove Key
5. Use a bearing puller or arbor press to remove bearings (18) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) or (16) (Figure 16-5,
Page 16-5) from the input pinion gear. If the oil seal (10) is damaged, replace it (Figures 16-4 or 16-5, Pages
16-4 or 16-5). See also Figure 16-15, Page 16-10.
CAUTION
• DO NOT REUSE BEARINGS AFTER REMOVING THEM. REPLACE BEARINGS WITH NEW ONES.
Page 16-10
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
TRANSAXLE
Transaxle Disassembly, Inspection and Assembly
Transaxle Disassembly and Inspection, Continued:
6. To disassemble the intermediate gear assembly, press off together the bearing (18) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4)
or (16) (Figure 16-5, Page 16-5) and the gear (23) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) or (19) (Figure 16-5, Page 16-5).
See also Figure 16-15, Page 16-10.
7. Type K transaxles: Remove key (22) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4). See also Figure 16-16, Page 16-10.
8. Press the bearing (20) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) or (18) (Figure 16-5, Page 16-5) off the intermediate gear
assembly.
DOWEL PIN
LOCK PLATE
TO SEPARATE HOUSING,
IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO
INSERT HEX HEAD BOLTS
INTO HOUSING AND
TAP LIGHTLY
Figure 16-17 Lock Plate (Type K Only)
Figure 16-18 Separate Housing
9. Disassemble the differential gear case:
9.1. Type K transaxles: Bend the bolt lock plates (29) down onto the ring gear (30) (Figure 16-4, Page 164). See also Figure 16-17, Page 16-11.
9.2. Remove eight hex bolts (28) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) or four hex bolts (33) (Figure 16-5, Page 16-5)
that secure the ring gear to the differential case.
9.3. Remove the ring gear. Retain dowel pin from between the ring gear and differential case for reassembly.
9.4. Separate the differential gear case housing. If necessary, reinstall two of the hex bolts (removed previously in step 9.2.) into the differential gear unit and, while holding the unit slightly above the work area,
lightly tap the bolt heads (Figure 16-18, Page 16-11). Remove the two bolts.
9.5. Remove the differential pin (31) by pushing pin through differential gear case from one side (Figures
16-4 or 16-5, Pages 16-4 or 16-5). See also Figure 16-19, Page 16-11.
SIDE
GEAR
DIFFERENTIAL
PIN
4
THRUST
WASHER
2
1
PUSH
DIFFERENTIAL
PIN THROUGH
DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR CASE
Figure 16-19 Differential Pin
3
LEFT
DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR
CASE
Figure 16-20 Left Differential
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 16-11
16
16
TRANSAXLE
Transaxle Disassembly, Inspection and Assembly
9.6. Remove the idler gears and thrust plates (38 and 35) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) or (29 and 28) (Figure
16-5, Page 16-5).
9.7. Remove the differential gears and thrust plates (34 and 37) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) or (30 and 27) (Figure 16-5, Page 16-5). See also Figure 16-20, Page 16-11.
9.8. Inspect the bearings (14) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) or (13) (Figure 16-5, Page 16-5) of the differential
case and replace them if they are damaged. To remove them, press them off. See CAUTION at bottom
of page 16-10.
10. Inspect parts for wear or damage. Any worn or damaged parts should be replaced. See following NOTE.
NOTE
• DAMAGED OR WORN GEARS SHOULD BE REPLACED AS SETS.
TRANSAXLE ASSEMBLY
CAUTION
• DO NOT PRESS AGAINST THE BEARING OUTER RACE.
• TYPE K TRANSAXLES: GASKET (13) FACES OF THE HOUSING MUST BE CLEAN AND SMOOTH. USE ONLY A NEW
GASKET THAT IS NOT TORN OR DAMAGED. THE GASKET MUST LIE FLAT AGAINST THE HOUSING FACES (FIGURE
16-4, PAGE 16-4).
• THE HOUSING AND ALL PARTS MUST BE WIPED CLEAN AND DRY BEFORE REASSEMBLY.
1. If bearings (14) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) or (13) (Figure 16-5, Page 16-5) were removed during disassembly,
install new bearings using an arbor press.
2. Assemble the differential gear case:
2.1. Install the pin (31) (Figures 16-4 or 16-5, Pages 16-4 or 16-5). Apply a small amount of oil to all thrust
plates and to both ends of the pin.
• Type K transaxles:
2.2. While aligning the dowel pin, assemble the two halves of the differential gear case (33 and 36) and reinstall the output gear (30) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4).
2.3. Install eight hex bolts (28) and the bolt lock plates (29) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4). Tighten the bolts to 18
ft.lb (24 N-m).
2.4. Bend the edges of the bolt locking tabs securely against the flats of the bolt heads to prevent the bolts
from loosening and possibly causing damage (Figure 16-17, Page 16-11).
2.5. If the large gear (23) was removed from the intermediate gear, insert key (22) into the keyway in the
shaft and then press the large gear and the bearing (18) onto the shaft. Be sure the key is properly positioned in the keyway before attempting to press on the large gear and bearing (Figure 16-4, Page 164).
• Type G transaxles:
2.6. Install four hex bolts (33) and output gear (32). Tighten bolts to 51 ft.lb (69 N-m) (Figure 16-5, Page 165).
• All Transaxles:
3. Press a new bearing (20) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) or (18) (Figure 16-5, Page 16-5) onto the intermediate
gear assembly.
4. Press new bearing (18) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) or (16) (Figure 16-5, Page 16-5) onto input pinion gear.
5. Apply grease to the lip of the new oil seal (10) (Figures 16-4 or 16-5, Pages 16-4 or 16-5) and install the seal
using a transaxle pinion seal tool (Club Car Part No. 1014161). The lip of the oil seal should face the inside of
the transaxle housing. Make sure the seal is firmly seated.
Page 16-12
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
TRANSAXLE
Transaxle Disassembly, Inspection and Assembly
Transaxle Assembly, Continued:
6. Install the differential assembly, the intermediate gear assembly, and the input pinion gear simultaneously. Be
sure all bearings are seated properly in the housing. Rotate the input shaft to check for smooth gear operation
(Figure 16-13, Page 16-9).
7. Install both dowel pins (27) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) or (25) (Figure 16-5, Page 16-5) in transaxle housing
(24 or 20).
8. Install left half of transaxle housing:
• For Type K transaxles:
8.1. Place a new gasket (13) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) in position on the mating face of the housing. Use the
dowel pins to position the gasket. Make sure all holes are aligned.
8.2. Install left half of transaxle housing (24) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4).
8.3. Install the ten bolts (26) and tighten to 69 in.lb (7.8 N-m) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4).
8.4. If the axle tube (16 and 40) was removed, install the shims (39), (if the shims were removed) and a new
gasket. Install the axle tube with five lock washers and bolts (9 and 8) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4). Tighten
the bolts to 22 ft. lb (30 N-m).
NOTE
• TYPE K TRANSAXLES: IF THE DIFFERENTIAL CASE (33 AND 36), THE TRANSAXLE HOUSING (11 AND 24) OR AXLE
TUBE (16 AND 40) (FIGURE 16-4, PAGE 16-4) WAS REPLACED, SEE SHIMMING THE TRANSAXLE ON PAGE 16-14.
• For Type G transaxles:
8.5. Place 1/8 in. bead of three bond liquid gasket on mating face of housing. See following NOTE.
NOTE
• TYPE G TRANSAXLES DO NOT USE A GASKET ON THE MATING FACE OF THE HOUSING. USE AN 1/8 IN. BEAD OF
THREE BOND LIQUID GASKET INSTEAD.
8.6. Install left half of transaxle housing (20) (Figure 16-5, Page 16-5).
8.7. Install eleven bolts in the case housing and tighten to 19 ft.lb (25.7 N-m). Type G transaxles have no
shims or gasket.
8.8. Install axle tube with lock washers and bolts (9 and 8) (Figure 16-5, Page 16-5). Tighten the bolts to 36
ft.lb (49 N-m).
• For all transaxles:
9. Install the brake assemblies as instructed in Section 6–Wheel Brake Assemblies.
10. Apply a small amount of grease to the lip of the oil seal (17) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4) or (15) (Figure 16-5,
Page 16-5).
11. Clean the splines on the axle shaft (1 and 2). Rotate the axle to align the shaft splines with the splined bore of
the differential side gear. Push the shaft in until the bearing seats against the shoulder in the axle tube (Figures 16-4 and 16-5, Pages 16-4 and 16-5).
12. Install the retaining ring (6) (Figures 16-4 and 16-5, Pages 16-4 and 16-5) in the axle tube. See WARNING
on page 16-6.
13. Make sure the drain plug is installed in the transaxle and tightened to 23 ft.lb (31 N-m). Fill the transaxle,
through the level indicator hole, with 22 ounces of SAE 30 API Class SE, SF, or SG oil (a higher grade may also
be used). Install and tighten the level indicator plug to 23 ft.lb (31 N-m).
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 16-13
16
TRANSAXLE
Transaxle Installation
SHIMMING THE TRANSAXLE
Type K Transaxles Only
If the differential case (36 and 33), transaxle housing (11 and 24), or axle tube (16 or 40) has been replaced, the transaxle may need new shims. To determine whether new shims are necessary, the transaxle must be completely
assembled except for the short axle tube (16) and both axle shafts (1 and 2) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4).
1. Stand the transaxle on end, on the axle tube.
2. Using a depth gauge, measure the distance from the gasket seal surface of the axle tube (gasket must be
removed) to the outer race of the bearing (14) on the differential case assembly (32) (Figure 16-4, Page 16-4)
See also Figure 16-21, Page 16-14.
3. Use the following chart to determine whether shimming is required and, if so, how many shims (Club Car Part
No. 1013781) should be used.
Up to .134 inches (3.4 mm)
0
.134 -.142 inches (3.4 - 3.6 mm)
1
.142 -.150 inches (3.6 - 3.8 mm)
2
.150 -.155 inches (3.8 - 3.9 mm)
3
70
60
90
1
50
30
40
SHIMS
REQUIRED
10
20
Distance from gasket seal surface
to outer race or bearing INCHES (MM)
80
16
Figure 16-21 Depth Gauge
TRANSAXLE INSTALLATION
Read DANGER and WARNING on page 16-1.
1. If using a chain hoist, raise the vehicle and place transaxle in position on the jackstands. If using a floor jack,
lower the jackstands to their lowest settings and place the transaxle in position on the jackstands.
2. Align the center hole in the saddle of the transaxle with the alignment pin in the leaf spring assembly.
3. Install the two U-bolts, lockwashers, and nuts. Tighten the nuts to 25 ft.lb (34 N-m). Tighten the U-bolt nuts so
an equal amount of thread is visible on each leg of the bolt.
Page 16-14
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Maintenance and Service Supplement
TRANSAXLE
Transaxle Installation
Transaxle Installation, Continued:
4. Install the motor. See Section 15–Motor.
5. If using a chain hoist, lower the vehicle while guiding the leaf springs into the rear spring shackles. If using a
floor jack, raise the differential while guiding the leaf springs into the rear spring shackles. Then raise the jackstands to support the transaxle.
6. Reconnect the four motor wires. Tighten the retaining nuts to 65 in.lb (7.3 N-m) using two wrenches to prevent the motor studs from turning. See following NOTE.
NOTE
• IF THE MOTOR WIRES WERE NOT TAGGED WHEN DISCONNECTED, SEE SECTION 11, FIGURE 11-1, WIRING
DIAGRAM FOR PROPER CONNECTION.
7. Insert bolts through the spring shackles and bushings in the leaf spring eyes. Secure bolts with lock nuts.
Tighten to 15 ft.lb (20.3 N-m).
8. Connect the brake cables.
9. Install the shock absorbers. Tighten shock absorber retaining nuts until the rubber bushings expand to the
same size as the cup washers.
10. Install the rear wheels. Finger tighten lug nuts.
11. Lift the vehicle and remove the jackstands.
12. Lower vehicle and tighten the lug nuts (using a criss-cross pattern) to 55 ft.lb (74.6 N-m).
13. Test drive the vehicle to check for proper operation.
1998/1999 PowerDrive Plus Vehicle Maintenance and Service Supplement Page 16-15
16
16
Club Car
NOTES
R
Club Car
NOTES
R
Club Car, Inc.
P.O. Box 204658
Augusta, GA 30917-4658
USA
Web www.clubcar.com
Phone 1.706.863.3000
1.800.ClubCar
Int’l
+1 706.863.3000
Fax
1.706.863.5808
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement