Check In - EB Lifeguard

Check In - EB Lifeguard
5/1/2014
Job Requirements
Check In
 7:30am - 9:00am
 Physical
 Rotate to the following groups
 Union Membership (or service fee)

 TB test
HR Check In

Have 2 Photo ID’s out along with your paperwork packet
Uniforms
 Books
 Uniform Try On/Labeling/ Put On
 Live Scan Sign Ups
 Problem Station
 Sit Down in Seat and wait for Academy to begin

 Direct deposit form (optional)
 Personal physician form (optional)
 PCF (Fill out with HR)
Staff Introductions
East Bay Regional Park District
Lifeguard Academy
EBRPD Fire Department
Lifeguard Service Unit
•Aquatic Manager
•Aquatic Supervisors: North and South
•Aquatic Assistants : North, South and Programs
•Resource Training Officers
2014
Cadet Introductions
 Name
2014 Academy Schedule
 Dates
 Cadet Number

 Desired Facility

 Tell the group 1 goal you’d like to accomplish in your
lifetime (No Repeats)
April 26, April 27, May 3, May 4, May 10, May 11, May 17 and
May 18
Plus a minimum of 2 additional training days to be completed
by June 15 at an assigned facility.
 Times


Academy start times vary depending on the day. Refer to
your group assignment sheet.
Be on time!
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5/1/2014
2014 Academy Locations
What To Bring
Locations vary
by group assignment
 Lunch, snacks, fluids (container)
Your
 Sun block, hat, sunglasses
 Trudeau or Temescal.
group location will be
distributed this week
Personal transportation required
 Setup Carpool early with your group
 Uniform
 Swim suit, towel(s), goggles
 Pencil/pen
 Waterproof watch
 Issued books, manuals, materials
 Foot protection
Scoring & Ranking
What To Expect
Expect to be challenged!

The academy will be mentally and physically
demanding.
Lecture and discussion
Reading assignments
Group activities
Skill demonstrations
Skills training

 Assessment is constant and on-going
Scoring
is point-based
can gain AND lose points
 Your rank is determined by your point
total
 You will be advised if you fail an
evaluated category
You
Lifeguarding, Medical, Scenarios
Physical training, relays, timed drills
Quizzes, written tests, skill assessments
Scoring Criteria
 New Lifeguard Test


Swim Time
Interview
 Professionalism



Punctuality
Attentiveness
Demeanor
 Inter-personal skills


Communication
Teamwork
 Physical test scores

Swimming, running, etc.
 Written test scores

 During the lifeguard academy, cadets are allowed 2
absences
Lifeguarding skills
 Physical skills

Absence
9 final exams
 Break Out Questions
 Absence requests must be turned in 1 week prior to
anticipated absence

If you miss a day, you will lose points for that day
 Missing more than 2 days of the academy will
result in a dismissal from the EBRPD lifeguard
academy
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5/1/2014
Make-up Procedures
Completing the LG Academy
 Cadets’ continued employment is conditional on
 If you do miss a day of the academy, it is
your responsibility to complete all makeup requirements
Cadets who do not complete the makeup
packet prior to the end of the academy will not
receive a facility placement or subsequent job
offer
 The makeup packet will allow you to make up
some, but not all of the points lost by missing
the day

Conditional Hiring
 Successful completion of the LG Academy

Earn American Red Cross certifications
 Lifeguarding/First
Aid/CPR/AED
 Waterfront
Skills
Pathogens Training
 Administering Emergency Oxygen
 Title 22 (First Aid for Public Safety Personnel)
 Successful candidates fill remaining 2014 Lifeguard I
openings
 Bloodborne
successful completion of the LG Academy. Passing
the Academy is dependent on passing all written
tests, assignments, skill assessments, on-site
training and accepting a facility assignment
 You must successfully complete the LG Academy
in order to continue employment as a 2014 EBRPD
Lifeguard I
Will You Be Hired?
 Hiring occurs preferentially by LG
Academy rank
The higher your rank, the better your
chance of being hired
 Your rank is determined by your LG
Academy point total
 Facility placement will be based on
rank, availability and need
What to Expect
 If you pass the Academy…
 If you get a provisional assignment…
 If you pass provisional hire…
Important Information and Additional
Requirements
 Expect to work holidays
 Expect to work 20-30 hours/week
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5/1/2014
Cadet Packet
Today you received:
Your group assignment
A notebook and pen
Folder
 Directions
 Contact Numbers
 Important Events Schedule
 Lifeguard Service Dates
 Peak Seasonal Availability Form
 East Bay Regional Park District Fire Department Standards
 Absence Request
 USLA Knowledge Review Questions (print from eblifeguard)
 Required to turn in by the end of the academy for credit. If you do not
turn it in, you will not pass the academy




Availability
 Peak Seasonal Availability Form
 Due
by 5/11/14 (Day 6) of the Academy
 You are still accountable for the
availability indicated on your LG
application
 Peak Season Availability Form provides
more detail
Written Resources
 Today you received:
Open Water Lifesaving-The United States Lifesaving
Association Manual(2nd Edition) (USLA)
 ARC Lifeguarding Manual
 LSM (Available for download on
eblifeguard.org/LSM)
 T22 Key Points Manual

 Be prepared for reading assignments

 Review assignment instructions
You are responsible for understanding the material
covered in reading assignments
Online Resources
Lifeguard Service Manual
Introduction
 EBLIFEGUARD.ORG


Username: cadet (all lower case)
 Password: lifeguard (all lower case)

Purpose I-1.1

Lifeguard Academy 2014 Section

Combined reference containing Park District policies which
are relevant to Lifeguards
Organization I-1.2

5 sections

 Constantly evolving site, but will contain more


information as the academy progresses.



Introduction
Administration
Operations
Safety
Emergencies
Associated Resources I-1.3
Page numbers vs. Reference numbers
Topics vs. Policies
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5/1/2014
Uniforms
Uniform Inspections
 Uniforms are an effective way to establish a professional image and
 Uniforms will be inspected randomly throughout the academy.
should always be neat and clean

 Uniforms immediately identify the wearer as an authority.
 Uniforms can be especially helpful in emergencies, since the public
tends to defer to people in uniform

Formal inspections where everyone lines up
Informal inspections constantly happen
 During classroom lectures, cadets must wear their cadet shirt and fanny
pack
 During beach trainings, cadets must wear lifeguard shorts, cadet shirt
 Properly designed uniforms also provide protection from the
and fanny pack
elements
 Points will be deducted if you are not wearing a full uniform, or if your
 The wearing of the uniform off duty is not permitted as it can tarnish
uniform looks sloppy, stained or dirty
the image of the entire lifeguard agency
Any Questions?
Orientation to East Bay Regional Park
District Lifeguard Service
Lifeguard Service Chain of Command
Aquatic Manager
North Aquatic Supervisor
Pete DeQuincy
South Aquatic Supervisor
Nick Schriver
South Aquatic Assistant
Eric Nurse
North Aquatic Assistant
Aaron Roth
Prog. Aquatic Assistant
Katy Hornbeck
Head Lifeguard
Assistant Head Lifeguard
Head Lifeguard
Assistant Head Lifeguard
Swim Facilities - North Region
Lake Anza
Contra Loma (Lagoon)
Roberts Pool
Lake Temescal
Castle Rock Pool
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5/1/2014
Tilden Park’s
Lake Anza
Berkeley
Contra Loma (Lagoon) Antioch
Roberts Pool
Oakland
Lake Temescal
Oakland
Castle Rock Pool
Walnut Creek
Swim Facilities - South Region
Don Castro (Lagoon)
Del Valle, East Beach
Del Valle, West Beach
Quarry Lakes
Shadow Cliffs
Cull Canyon (Lagoon)
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5/1/2014
Del Valle East Beach
Livermore
Don Castro
(Lagoon)
Hayward
Del Valle West Beach
Livermore
Quarry Lakes
Fremont
Shadow Cliffs
Pleasanton
Cull Canyon
(Lagoon)
Castro Valley
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5/1/2014
2013 Lifeguard Statistics











523,122—Swimmers
85,844—Prevents
38,259—Lifejackets Loaned
90—Rescues
31—Missing People
29—Boat Rescues
449—Minor First Aid Treatment
61—Medical Aid Treatment
11—Ambulance Transports
1—Resuscitations
0—Guarded Drownings!
The Professional Lifeguard
The Professional Lifeguard
 Lifeguards must:






Be responsible to protect people’s lives when at the aquatic
facility.
Maintain a high level of knowledge and skills
Act in an emergency.
Be able to effectively communicate with the public.
Be a leader and team member
Be mature, professional and competent.
The Professional Lifeguard
 What characteristics of a professional lifeguard were
discussed or illustrated in the video segment?
The Professional Lifeguard
 What behaviors would demonstrate a lack of
professionalism?
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5/1/2014
The Professional Lifeguard
The Professional Lifeguard
 What are some tasks that should be the lifeguard's
primary responsibility?
The Professional Lifeguard
 What are some examples of secondary tasks that a
lifeguard might be asked to perform while not
responsible for primary responsibilities?
What are the different places shown in the video
where a person might work as a lifeguard?
 Nonsurf waterfronts
 Multi attraction facility
 Waterparks
 Swimming pool
Decision Making
 Decision making is an important component of
lifeguarding.
 An Emergency Action Plan (EAP) can help you
act quickly.
 In a non-emergency situation, you can take more
Legal Considerations
 As a lifeguard, you need to understand the legal
principles involved in being a professional rescuer.
Standards of Care
Negligence
Abandonment
Duty to Act
Confidentiality
Documentation
Consent
Refusal of Care
time in deciding how to act.
 Use Chapter 1 of your Lifeguarding Manual to
 EBRPD Lifeguard Service EAPs can be found in
answer the following questions.
the Emergencies section of the LSM.
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5/1/2014
Legal Considerations
Scenario: You are the lifeguard on duty when
you see a young boy running on the pool deck.
 What should you do to prevent the child from
slipping and falling?
Legal Considerations
 Scenario: After you warn the child about the
dangers, he once again runs and now slips
and falls on the deck. His knee is bleeding
and he complains that it hurts. His mother
arrives on scene.

 If you had not tried to stop the child from running

What must you do before you can provide care for this child?
What should be stated when asking for consent?
and then the child got hurt, what legal principle
could be a problem for you?
Legal Considerations
Scenario: The child is very frightened so the
mother takes the child in her arms and refuses
the lifeguard’s offer to care for the child’s
injury.


How should you respond to the mother at this point since she
has refused care?
What should you do if the mother continues to refuse care for
her son?
Legal Considerations
 Scenario: You are treating the injury and
realize it is time for your shift to end.
Legal Considerations
 Scenario: The mother decides to allow you to
care for the child’s injury after all.

If you failed to provide the proper care or provided care that
was beyond your level of training, and as a result, the boy
suffers further injury, what legal principles could be a problem
for you?
Continuation of Training
 Completing the course does not guarantee
employment.
 Employers may require their own employment

What legal problem could come about if you stop caring for the
young boy?
evaluation.
 Skills learned need to be practiced.
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5/1/2014
Break
 10 minutes
Orientation and Training
 Annual or preseason orientation and training


Often occurs prior to the summer season
Should include a review of knowledge and skills
 Facility management provides training to meet
government requirements
 Policies and procedures manual provides
information such as:



In Service Training
 Should be done on a regular basis
 Helps maintain knowledge and skills at a
professional level
 Provides an opportunity to practice as a team
 Best practices: minimum 4 hours per month
Periodic Lifeguard Evaluations
Administrative policies and procedures
Personnel policies and guidelines
Standard operating procedures
Possible In Service Training Topics
 Surveillance and
recognition
 Water and land rescue
skills
 Emergency response
drills
 Decision making
protocols
 Facility rules and
regulations
 Customer service
 Records and reports
 Physical conditioning
Other Opportunity
 May be performed by your employer or through a
 Lifeguard Instructor: Ages 17 and up
contract agency, or by a combination of both
 May be announced or unannounced
 May include:
 Lifeguard Management Course



 Water Safety Instructor: Ages 16 and up
 Pool Operator Training
Observations of lifeguards performing surveillance
Skills evaluation
Check of the facility related to the lifeguard operations
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5/1/2014
Being Part of a Team
Emergency Action Plans
 Lifeguards must communicate and work together
 Guide the actions of the lifeguard and other team
effectively as a team.
 Critical elements for working effectively as a team
include:
 Describe what needs to be done and by whom





members in emergencies
Effective communication
Trust
Mutual respect
Commitment
Cooperation
Safety Team
 A lifeguard is part of a broader safety team.
 A safety team includes:


Management and maintenance staff.
Local and emergency response staff.
Facility Safety
 Rescue equipment must be available and in working
order at all times.
 Certain equipment—such as a rescue tube,
resuscitation mask and gloves—must always be worn
or carried so that it is instantly available.
 Lifeguards must have a whistle to signal an
emergency.
Facility Safety
 You are conducting an opening facility safety check
and you find a loose bolt on a pool ladder.

What should you do?
Facility Safety
 You are on duty conducting patron surveillance and
a patron reports to you that someone spilled
shampoo in the locker room and the floor is very
slippery.

What should you do?
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5/1/2014
Safety and Surveillance
 Facility safety checks are a secondary responsibility
and must not be done while performing patron
surveillance
 If you observe problems with equipment or other
problems are reported to you, you should notify a
member of the safety team, a supervisor or another
lifeguard not performing surveillance duties.
Weather Conditions
 Weather affects the safety of swimmers both
outdoors and indoors.
 Lifeguard management should:


 Lifeguard must:


Thunder or Lightning






Clear everyone from the water at the first sight of
lighting or first sound of thunder
Keep patrons and staff out of showers and locker
rooms
Do not use a telephone connected to a landline except
in an emergency.
Keep everyone away from windows and metal objects.
Watch for more storms and monitor weather reports
Wait 30 minutes after the last lightning sighting or
sound of thunder before resuming activities.
Monitor weather alerts.
Keep lifeguard informed of sever weather alerts.
Tell management when they see severe weather.
Know and follow procedures for clearing the water
and deck.
Outside During Thunderstorm
 If caught outside in a thunderstorm and
there is not enough time to reach a safe
building:



Keep away from tall trees standing alone and any tall
structures.
Keep away from water and metal objects.
Keep as low to the ground as possible but do not lie
on the ground:
Weather Conditions
 Other weather conditions may cause safety
concerns



Fog
Wind
Heavy rain
 Clear the pool or waterfront if visibility is
Rules and Regulations
 Rules are required by state and local health
departments and individual facilities.
 Lifeguards must know and enforce all safety rules
 Rules can be communicated through signage and
verbally
impaired by waves or increased turbidity.
 In the event of a power failure, you should
clear the pool
 If weather conditions cause safety concerns,
you also should clear the deck.
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5/1/2014
Rules and Regulations
 Activity: Reason for the Rules
 Worksheet 1-1 in your group
Entries and Approaches
 The following video segment will illustrate skills for
entering the water and approaching the victim.
 We will practice the skills later at Temescal
Break
 10 Minutes
Management and Facility Safety
 Your job is to follow and enforce your
facility’s rules and regulations.
 The management team’s job is to ensure that
the facility is in compliance with the law and
to make sure you are enforcing facility rules
correctly.
Management’s Responsibility





Create, review and revise facility policies and
procedures, rules and regulations and EAPs as
needed.
Address unsafe conditions.
Comply with federal, state and local laws and
regulations for facility operations and employment.
Maintain records regarding the facility and its
employees.
Assist after an emergency.
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5/1/2014
Regulations and Facility Operations
 Regulations that affect your facility include:









Lifeguard certification requirements.
Facility design and safety features.
Pool capacities.
Staff training requirements and lifeguard
competencies.
Ratio of lifeguards to patrons.
Water sanitation procedures.
First aid equipment and supplies.
Lifeguarding equipment.
Diving depths.
Regulations
 Federal and State Labor Laws:


Affect tasks lifeguards younger than 18 can perform
Are more stringent for 15 year olds
 OSHA regulations keep employees safe while on the
job.
 The Hazard Communication Standard informs and
protects employees form exposure to hazardous
chemicals.
Material Safety Data Sheet
Employees Right to Know
 Each chemical has a MSDS
 Which hazardous chemicals are in the facility.
 It describes special precautions for storing and using
 Where those chemicals are stored in the facility.
chemicals, as well as safety precautions when
cleaning up spills.
 It also explains what to do if you come in contact
with a chemical.
 The MSDS must be easy to find.
 The specific dangers of those chemicals.
 How to identify chemical hazards in the facility.
 How to protect themselves and others from being
exposed to hazardous chemicals.
 What to do if they or others are exposed to such
hazards.
Bloodborne Pathogens Standard
 OSHA Regulation
 Designed to reduce the risk of disease transmission
while on the job
 Employer must provide exposure control plan:


Helps protect employees from being exposed to bloodborne
pathogens
Instructs employees about what to do if exposed
The Drowning Process
 Your primary responsibility is to ensure
patron safety and protect lives.
 Most of your time is spent on patron
surveillance

Be alert and attentive at all times
 Drowning is a continuum of events that
begins when a victim’s airway becomes
submerged under the surface of the water.

Can be stopped, but if not, will end in death.
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5/1/2014
The Drowning Process
 The process of drowning begins when water
enters the victim’s airway:


causes involuntary breath holding and then
laryngospasm (a sudden closure of the larynx or
windpipe). The victim is unable to breathe but may
swallow large quantities of water into the stomach.
As oxygen levels are reduced, laryngospasm subsides
and the victim gasps water into the lungs.
The Drowning Process: Interventions
 Intervening variables can affect the outcome.
 Giving ventilations often will resuscitate a victim,
The Drowning Process
 Due to inadequate oxygen, the victim may suffer
cardiac arrest:
 Can occur in as little as 3 minutes after submerging.
 Brain damage or death can occur in as little as 4 to 6
minutes.
The Drowning Process
 What does this understanding of the drowning
process mean for you as a lifeguard?
especially if only 1 ½ to 2 minutes have passed.
 Unconscious victim may have isolated or infrequent
gasping in the absence of other breathing, called
agonal gasps.



Gasps can occur even after heart has stopped.
Normal, effective breathing is regular, quiet and effortless.
With agonal gasps, care for victim as if person is not breathing
The Drowning Process: Survival
Effective Surveillance—Victim Recognition
 The greatest chance survival is recognizing when a
person needs help or is in danger of drowning.
 The sooner the drowning process is stopped, the
airway is opened and the victim is resuscitate, the
greater chance of survival without permanent brain
damage.
16
5/1/2014
Effective Surveillance—Victim Recognition
Effective Surveillance—Victim Recognition
 What are some situations that could lead to trouble
 What are the characteristics of a distressed
for a weak or nonswimmer?
 What are some situations that could lead to trouble
for a swimmer?
swimmer? (Hint, you can use Table 3-1 in you
Lifeguarding Manual)
 What instinctive drowning response behaviors would
you see in a drowning victim who is struggling at or
near the surface?
Effective Surveillance—Victim Recognition
 In some cases, what might a very small child look
like when in trouble in the water?
 What are some conditions that could lead to a patron
becoming a drowning victim who appears to be
unconscious?
Effective Surveillance—Scanning
Effective Surveillance—Scanning
 Effective surveillance also includes scanning

a visual technique for deliberately observing patron behaviors
and actively looking for signals that patrons need help
Effective Surveillance—Scanning
 What are some important factors for
effective scanning?
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5/1/2014
Zones of Surveillance Responsibility
Zones of Surveillance
 What should you do if the number of patrons
increases in your zone and you feel unable to
adequately provide surveillance?
Zones of Surveillance
 You are seated in an elevated lifeguard station and
Zones of Surveillance
 A group of preschool-aged children enter your zone.
there is a glare on the surface of the water making it
difficult for you to see. What should you do?
They are all weak swimmers. Although there are not
many children, you feel that you are not able to
watch the area adequately. What should you do?
Injury Prevention Strategies
Injury Prevention Strategies
 Aquatic injury prevention is part of the facility's risk
 What are some examples of life-threatening
management program.
 Risk management includes”
 What could be some causes of non-life-


Identifying dangerous conditions or behaviors that can cause
injury
Taking steps to minimize or eliminate them
conditions?
threatening conditions?
 Your goal should be preventive lifeguard, although
you should be ready to perform rescues.
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5/1/2014
Injury Prevention
Communications with Patrons
 You must understand how injuries occur to prevent
 Important injury prevention strategy
them.
 You need to:
 Includes enforcing rules and regulations



Increase your awareness of risks and hazards.
Help patrons avoid risky behavior
Help develop a safety conscious attitude.
 Variety of means to communicate risks to patrons:



Communications with Patrons
 What information do patrons need to know
concerning risky behavior?
 How can you politely get a patron’s attention?
Signs listing rules
Print materials listing rules handed to patrons
Lifeguards informing patrons of rules
Communication with Patrons
 Whistle: a communication tool


Gets patrons’ attention
Activates EAP
 Facility’s EAP should specify number and type of
whistle blasts to indicate an emergency
 Practice using the whistle
 Use the whistle cautiously—overuse can cause
patrons and staff to ignore it.
Injury Prevention Strategies
Injury Prevention
 What did the lifeguard do to protect patrons when
thunder was heard?
 What strategies did the lifeguard use to try to get the
resistant man to understand the importance of
clearing the pool?
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5/1/2014
Guarding a Variety of Activities
Organized Activities: What Questions to Ask
 Different types of activities might take place when

you are lifeguarding.
 Open or recreational swim challenges include:






Young children who are not adequately supervised
Patrons engaging in risky behaviors in or out of the water
A child who has wandered off from parents or caretakers
Nonswimmers who have ventured into water that is too deep
A patron who suffers a sudden illness.
Instructional Classes


What things could go wrong that are unique about
this activity?
What is the swimming ability or comfort level in the
water of patrons in this activity?
Are there any unique challenges or obstacles to
recognizing an emergency, approaching a victim or
performing a rescue?
Do participants have any medical conditions that
increase the chances for sudden illness or injury due
to activity?
Instructional Classes
 Additional supervision is provided by trained
 What might be some unique risks of participants in a
personnel.
 Instructors or coaches are part of the safety team.
 What might be some unique risks of participants in

Should have training to ensure safety
water exercise class for older adults?
swim lessons?
 Instructors or coaches have responsibility for classes
or teams, but that does not take away from your
responsibility
Aquatic Sports and Open Water Events
 Swimming
 Diving
Guarding Special Attractions
 What might be some unique risks of
participants in competitive sports?
 Water Polo
 Triathlons
 Participants may be experience swimmers, but are
not exempt from needing lifeguard on surveillance
duty
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5/1/2014
Guarding Special Attractions
 Many facilities have special attractions that
Guarding Special Attractions
 Worksheet 2-1 With your table
create challenges for lifeguarding
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Water-play areas specifically for young children.
Play structures
Inflatable play structures
Special rides and attractions
Water slides
Winding rivers.
Wave pools.
Assignments
Directions
 Read Chapter 1, 2 , 3, 5, 7 and 8 in the Lifeguarding
Manual
 Be prepared to answer questions about what you
read
Directions
Lunch!
 Clean up trash
 Head over to Temescal
 We’ll resume in 45 minutes
 Consider following other people, especially if you
don’t know where you’re going.
 DON’T BE LATE!
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