Agilent G2350A Atomic Emission Detector

Agilent G2350A Atomic Emission Detector
Service Manual
Agilent G2350A Atomic Emission
Detector
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
1
©Copyright Agilent
Technologies 2000
Safety/Regulatory
Information
All Rights Reserved.
Reproduction, adaptation,
or translation without
permission is prohibited,
except as allowed under
the copyright laws.
The G2350A Atomic
Emission Detector (AED)
meets the following IEC
(International
Electrotechnical
Commission)
classifications: Safety
Class 1, Transient
Overvoltage Category II,
and Pollution Degree 2.
Part No. G2350-90157
First edition, MAY 2000
Replaces Part No.
G2350-80170 and
G2350-90150.
Printed in USA
Microsoft is a U.S.
registered trademark and
Windows™ is a trademark
of Microsoft Corporation.
This unit has been
designed and tested in
accordance with
recognized safety
standards and designed
for use indoors. If the
instrument is used in a
manner not specified by
the manufacturer, the
protection provided by
the instrument may be
impaired. Whenever the
safety protection of the
G2350A AED has been
compromised, disconnect
the unit from all power
sources and secure the
unit against unintended
operation.
Refer servicing to
qualified service
personnel. Substituting
parts or performing any
unauthorized
modification to the
instrument may result in a
safety hazard. Disconnect
the AC power cord before
removing the top cover.
The customer should not
attempt to replace the
fuses in this instrument.
The customer should not
open the top rear cover,
which is secured by
screws.
Released: MAY 2000
Notice
Warnings in this manual
or on the instrument must
be observed during all
phases of operation,
service, and repair of this
instrument. Failure to
comply with these
precautions violates
safety standards of design
and the intended use of
this instrument.
Agilent Technologies
assumes no liability for
the customer's failure to
comply with these
requirements.
Safety Symbols used in
this manual:
WARNING
A warning calls attention
to a condition or possible
situation that could
cause injury to the
user.
CAUTION
A caution calls attention
to a condition or possible
situation that could
damage or destroy the
product or the user’s
work.
G2350A AED Service Manual
Safety Symbols marked
on the instrument:
; Caution. Refer to
accompanying
instructions.
+ Indicates a hot
surface.
= Indicates hazardous
voltages.
3
Indicates earth
(ground) terminal.
4
On
2
Off
Sound Emission
Certification for
Federal Republic of
Germany
Sound pressure LP
< 49.1 dB
During normal operation
At the operator position
According to ISO 7779
(Type Test)
Schallemission
Schalldruckpegel
LP< 49.1 dB
Am Arbeitsplatz
Normaler Betrieb
Nach EN27779
(Typprüfung)
2
G2350A Atomic Emission Detector
Service Manual
Contents
Chapter 1
Installation
Introduction ....................................................................................................11
Installing your Atomic Emission Detector (AED) ..............................11
Preparing your work station ........................................................................12
Gas sources ..............................................................................................16
Suppliers of helium getters and nitrogen generators ................................17
Preparing your gas sources ..........................................................................19
Gas system considerations ....................................................................19
Gas system set-up ...................................................................................19
Installing your ChemStation software ........................................................20
Uncrating your AED ......................................................................................21
Tools needed ............................................................................................21
Uncrating ..................................................................................................21
Contents list .............................................................................................27
Connecting control cables ............................................................................28
GPIB cable ...............................................................................................29
Remote start cable ..................................................................................30
GC, injector, tray, and controller (if present) ......................................30
Connecting gas piping ..................................................................................30
Connecting the nitrogen purge ..............................................................30
Connecting other gas lines .....................................................................31
Installing your transfer line .........................................................................33
Water filling ....................................................................................................37
Basic operation of your AED .......................................................................39
G2350A AED control ...............................................................................39
Creating and running methods ..............................................................39
ON/OFF switch ........................................................................................39
View window ...........................................................................................39
Adjusting gas flows .................................................................................40
Adjusting the water flow ........................................................................40
Checking the water level ........................................................................40
Order of GC-AED system start up .........................................................40
Important operating tips ...............................................................................40
G2350A Atomic Emission Detector Service Information
Copyright© 2000
Agilent Technologies
Part number G2350-90157
First Edition, MAY 2000
Replaces part number G2350-80170 and G2350-90150
3
Contents
First start-up ...................................................................................................41
Install the column in the GC ..................................................................41
Turn the AED ON and set the initial gas flow rates ............................41
Adjust EPC-controlled reagent gas flow rates (6890 only) ................44
Adjust manually controlled reagent gas flow rates ............................45
Verify initial spectrometer purge ..........................................................46
Verifying performance ..................................................................................47
Procedure .................................................................................................47
Specifications ..........................................................................................49
Specifications .................................................................................................50
Sample chromatograms and tabulated data ........................................51
Checkout sample composition ..............................................................55
Chapter 2
Maintenance
General
Intended use ...................................................................................................57
General maintenance procedures ................................................................57
AED shutdown ...............................................................................................57
Hazard awareness ..........................................................................................58
High temperature ....................................................................................58
High voltage .............................................................................................59
Microwaves ..............................................................................................59
Ultraviolet light ........................................................................................59
Effluent gases ..........................................................................................60
Hydrogen gas ...........................................................................................60
Insulation .................................................................................................60
Optical Assembly
Replaceable components ..............................................................................61
Tools needed ..................................................................................................61
PDA ..................................................................................................................62
Spectrometer ..................................................................................................63
Spectrometer assembly .................................................................................67
Spectrometer lens ..........................................................................................67
Removing the lens ...................................................................................68
Cleaning the lens .....................................................................................69
Lens mount assembly ....................................................................................69
Electronics
Replaceable components ..............................................................................70
Tools needed ..................................................................................................71
AC board .........................................................................................................71
Replacing the AC board ..........................................................................71
Voltage selection switches .....................................................................73
Fuses .........................................................................................................74
High voltage power supply ...........................................................................75
Service display board ....................................................................................76
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G2350A AED Service Manual
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Contents
Main board ......................................................................................................77
Replacing the main board ......................................................................77
GPIB address ...........................................................................................79
ROM ..........................................................................................................80
Sparker board .................................................................................................81
Sparker assembly ....................................................................................81
Sparker PCB assembly ...........................................................................83
Ignition module .......................................................................................83
Ignition coil ..............................................................................................84
Transformer ....................................................................................................84
Emission Source
Replaceable components ..............................................................................86
Gas union .................................................................................................87
Tools needed ..................................................................................................87
Special handling notes and cautions ....................................................87
Cleaning the cavity ........................................................................................87
Moving the cavity assembly to the service position ..................................91
Replacing other emission source assembly hardware ..............................94
Cavity heater/PRT assembly ........................................................................95
Discharge tube ...............................................................................................98
Verifying discharge tube installation ..................................................104
Emission source assembly .........................................................................105
Gas Flow System
Replaceable components ............................................................................108
Tools needed ................................................................................................108
Accessing the gas drawer ...........................................................................109
Changing gas cylinders ...............................................................................111
Column installation/changing columns ....................................................112
Solenoid valve assembly .............................................................................115
Replacing related components ..................................................................116
Fly ash filter ..................................................................................................116
Gas drawer ...................................................................................................118
Insulated jacket assembly and heated core .............................................121
Water Flow System
Replaceable Components ...........................................................................122
Tools needed ................................................................................................122
Keeping clean water in the system ............................................................122
Pressure switch ............................................................................................123
Water Pump ..................................................................................................124
Prepare for service ................................................................................125
Replace the water pump ......................................................................125
Installing the water pump in a Type 1 water drawer ........................126
Installing the water pump in a Type 2 water drawer ........................128
Installing the water pump in a Type 3 water drawer ........................129
Complete the installation .....................................................................130
Water board ..................................................................................................130
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Contents
Water drawer ................................................................................................133
Water filter ....................................................................................................135
Flow sensor ..................................................................................................138
Chapter 3
Theory of Operation
Overview
Optical Assembly
Spectrometer ................................................................................................144
PDA ................................................................................................................145
Electronics
AED electronics ...........................................................................................146
AC board ......................................................................................................147
Input voltages (listed by country) .......................................................148
Voltage selection settings .....................................................................148
Heated zones ..........................................................................................148
Opto-isolator ..........................................................................................149
Magnetron temperature control circuit ..............................................149
Contactors ..............................................................................................149
High voltage enable ...............................................................................149
Main board ....................................................................................................150
Power supply .........................................................................................151
Processor (CPU, RAM, and ROM) ......................................................151
I/O control (GPIB communications control) .....................................151
Motor control .........................................................................................151
PDA control ...........................................................................................151
Solenoid control ....................................................................................151
Sparker board ...............................................................................................152
Regulator board .....................................................................................152
Ignition module .....................................................................................153
Ignition coil ............................................................................................153
Water board .............................................................................................153
G2350-60080 ...........................................................................................153
G2350-60085 ...........................................................................................154
Power supply ................................................................................................154
Service display board ..................................................................................155
Emission Source
Emission source assembly .........................................................................156
Emission source safety switch ...................................................................156
Gas Flow System
Overview .......................................................................................................157
Flow modes ..................................................................................................158
Components ...........................................................................................165
Gas drawer ...................................................................................................165
Inlets and outlets ...................................................................................165
Flow control ..........................................................................................165
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G2350A AED Service Manual
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Contents
Example of reagent and helium flow ..................................................167
Spectrometer lens purge ......................................................................167
Solenoids ......................................................................................................167
Water Flow System
Water drawers using a flow sensor ...........................................................170
Water flow path .....................................................................................171
Water pump control ..............................................................................171
Water drawers without a flow sensor .......................................................172
Water flow path .....................................................................................173
Water pump control ..............................................................................173
Water drawer sensors, switches, and connections .................................174
Water board connections .....................................................................174
Pressure switch .....................................................................................174
Chapter 4
Troubleshooting
General Procedures
Tips ................................................................................................................176
Plasma shut off circuits ..............................................................................177
PRT resistance vs. temperature .................................................................179
Testing for microwave leakage ..................................................................180
Using the service display board .................................................................181
Electronics
AED does not turn ON ................................................................................182
Troubleshooting the AC board ..................................................................183
Troubleshooting the main board ...............................................................183
Troubleshooting the high voltage power supply .....................................184
Voltage problems ..................................................................................185
General troubleshooting ......................................................................186
Zone is not heating ......................................................................................187
Gas Flow System
Adjusting gas flow rates ..............................................................................188
Helium ....................................................................................................188
Reagent and spectrometer purge gases .............................................190
Discharge tube breaks frequently ..............................................................192
Finding gas leaks .........................................................................................192
No plasma .....................................................................................................194
No pressure at the cavity pressure gauge .................................................195
Plasma glows brown ...................................................................................195
Plasma glows red .........................................................................................196
Solenoid will not operate ............................................................................196
Troubleshooting the gas drawer ................................................................199
Spectrometer and Chromatography
Chromatographic peaks not sharp ............................................................200
Loss of UV sensitivity ..................................................................................200
PDA output not registering .........................................................................201
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G2350A AED Service Manual
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Contents
Sensitivity is poor ........................................................................................201
UV wavelengths missing .............................................................................201
Verifying PDA performance .......................................................................201
Water Flow System
Flow rate too low/high ................................................................................202
Pump cycles very fast, then slow ..............................................................203
Verifying the actual water flow rate ..........................................................203
Water board LED diagnostics (G2350-60080 only) ..................................203
Water leaks ...................................................................................................204
Chapter 5
Error messages
Error messages ............................................................................................206
A/D and DRAM messages .....................................................................206
Chapter 6
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Internal cabling diagram .............................................................................210
AC board, part no. G2350-60057 ................................................................212
AC input cable assembly, part no. G2350-60500 ......................................216
AC-main cable assembly, part no. G2350-60690 ......................................217
Emission source sense cable assembly, part no. G2350-60510 ..............218
Gas flow system connector ........................................................................219
Heater/sensor cable assembly, part no. G2350-61310 .............................220
High voltage power supply, part no. G2350-80075 ..................................223
Main board, part no. G2350-60015 .............................................................224
Main harness cable assembly, part no. G2350-60680 ..............................230
PDA to main PCB cable assembly, part no.
G2350-60860 ...........................................................................................233
Service display board cable, part no. 05921-60710 ..................................234
Sparker assembly cable, part no. 05921-61000 .........................................234
Sparker board, part no. 05921-60030 .........................................................236
Water board, part no. G2350-60080 ...........................................................237
Water board, part no. G2350-60085 ...........................................................239
Water drawer control cable assembly, part no. G2350-60750 ................240
Water drawer control cable assembly, part no. G2350-60755 ................242
Wires, water board to flow sensor and pump ..........................................243
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G2350A AED Service Manual
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Chapter 7
Replacement Parts
Introduction ................................................................................................. 245
Gas drawer changes ............................................................................. 245
Water drawer change ........................................................................... 245
Electrical components ............................................................................... 246
Emission source assembly ......................................................................... 247
Front assemblies ......................................................................................... 248
Gas drawer ................................................................................................... 249
Heated transfer line .................................................................................... 253
Lens mount assembly ................................................................................. 254
Sparker assembly ........................................................................................ 255
Spectrometer assembly .............................................................................. 256
Water drawer, AED serial no. > 1000166 ................................................. 257
Water drawer, AED serial no. < 1000166 ................................................. 261
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G2350A AED Service Manual
9
1 Installation
Introduction .................................................................................. 11
Preparing your work station ....................................................... 12
Suppliers of helium getters and nitrogen generators .............. 17
Preparing your gas sources ......................................................... 19
Installing your ChemStation software ....................................... 20
Uncrating your AED ..................................................................... 21
Connecting control cables .......................................................... 28
Connecting gas piping ................................................................ 30
Installing your transfer line ........................................................ 33
Water filling ................................................................................... 37
Basic operation of your AED ...................................................... 39
Important operating tips ............................................................. 40
First start-up ................................................................................. 41
Verifying performance ................................................................. 47
Specifications ............................................................................... 50
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G2350A AED Service Manual
10
Installation
Introduction
Introduction
This Installation section repeats information included in the Setting Up and
Maintaining the Agilent G2350A AED manual included in the shipping box
with your G2350A Atomic Emission Detector. It also describes how to prepare
your Atomic Emission Detector (AED) for use, and how to test the instrument
to make sure that it is functioning properly.
Installing your Atomic Emission Detector (AED)
Your G2350A AED is designed to operate in conjunction with a Gas Chromatograph (GC) and a computer running Microsoft© Windows TM NT 4.0, and the
G2070AA ChemStation application with the G2360AA GC-AED software
option. If these systems are not installed yet, refer to each system’s instructions to install and learn how to operate them properly. First set up your Gas
Chromatograph then your computer and ChemStation application, before
installing your AED.
To unpack, install, and learn how to operate your new G2350A AED, perform
the following:
1.
Prepare your work station. See Preparing your work station on page 12.
2.
Prepare your gas sources and lines. See Preparing your gas sources on
page 19.
3.
Install and learn how to use your GC-AED ChemStation software as
described in the instructions included with the ChemStation. See Installing your ChemStation software on page 20.
4.
Install your G2350A Hardware Installation CD-ROM software. See the CDROM cover/insert instructions.
5.
Uncrate your AED. See Uncrating your AED on page 21.
6.
Connect the control cables between all components. See Connecting control cables on page 28.
7.
Connect the AED to the appropriate gas sources and the gas chromatograph. See Connecting gas piping on page 30.
8.
Install the transfer line between your AED and 6890 gas chromatograph.
See Installing your transfer line on page 33.
9.
Fill the AED water reservoir with water. See Water filling on page 37.
10. Connect the AED to electrical power. See First start-up on page 41.
11. Install the column in the transfer line. See First start-up on page 41.
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Installation
Preparing your work station
12. Turn on the GC-AED ChemStation, adjust flow systems, and run
preliminary checks. See First start-up on page 41.
13. Run verification tests on the samples provided to verify your new G2350A
AED is working properly. See Verifying performance on page 47.
For a general description of how to operate the AED, see:
Basic operation of your AED on page 39
Setting Up and Maintaining the G2350A AED
For a detailed listing of the G2350A AED performance specifications, see Specifications on page 50.
Preparing your work station
Figure 1. A typical GC-AED installation
A typical AED installation requires space, power, gases, and physical support
as listed below. In addition, the amount of heat generated by the typical components is also listed. If any of your components are different than those
below, make sure that enough room is allocated for proper AED installation.
A complete GC-AED ChemStation system typically consists of:
•
G2350A Atomic Emission Detector
•
6890 Gas Chromatograph (with split/splitless inlet and GC-AED interface)
•
G1915A or G1916A ALS (with a G1512 Controller), or 7683 ALS
•
GC-AED ChemStation (a Pentium TM processor based computer
running the GC-AED ChemStation under Windows NT 4.0)
•
HP DeskJet or LaserJet printer
Note that the AED must be installed to the right of the GC.
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G2350A AED Service Manual
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Installation
Preparing your work station
Table 1.
Physical Dimensions and Power Requirements
G2350A AED
H x W x D:
41 x 52 x 57 cm (16 x 21 x 23 inch)
Power:
1100 VA max
120 Vac at 20 amps, or
100 Vac at 20 amps, or
220 Vac at 15 amps, or
240 Vac at 15 amps
Outlets:
One outlet on individual circuit
Heat:
3952 kJ, or 3750 BTU/hr
Weight:
37 kg (80 lbs)
Required clearance: (for
maintenance)
Above: 41 cm (16 inch)
Right: 25 cm (10 inch)
Left: 5 cm (2 inch)
Front: 18-36 cm (7-14 inch)
Behind: 29 cm (11 inch)
6890 GC
H x W x D:
50 x 68 x 50 cm (20 x 26.7 x 21 inch)
Power:
2250 VA
Outlets:
One outlet on individual circuit
Heat:
8,100 kJ, or 7,681 BTU/hr
Weight:
56.8 kg (125 lbs.)
Required clearance:
Above: 44 cm (17 inch) for Injector
Left: 31 cm (9 inch) for Tray
Behind: 13 cm (5 inch)
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Installation
Preparing your work station
G1519A Automatic Liquid Sampler (ALS)
G1512A Controller
H x W x D:
10 x 33 x 31 cm (4 x 13 x 12 inch)
Power:
150 VA max
120 Vac at 2.5 amps
Outlets:
1
Heat:
545 kJ, or 515 BTU/hr
Weight:
7.3 kg (16 lbs.)
Required clearance*:
Behind:13 cm (5 inch)
* The controller may be placed on its side to the left of the 6890 GC without requiring
further table space than used by the 6890 with a Tray attached.
18593 Injector
H x W x D:
44 cm (17 inch) above the GC
Power:
200 Vac at 1.25 amps
Weight:
3.6 kg (7.2 lbs.)
18596B Tray
H x W x D:
31 cm (9 inch) left of the GC
Power:
220 Vac at 1.25 amps
Weight:
1.8 kg (4 lbs)
G2613A Injector
H x W x D:
44 cm (17 inch) above the GC
Weight:
3 kg (6.6 lbs.)
G2614A Tray
Released: MAY 2000
H x W x D:
31 cm (9 inch) left of GC
Weight:
3 kg (6.6 lbs.)
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14
Installation
Preparing your work station
Computer with monitor (example only)
H x W x D:
40 x 42 x 51 cm (20 x 17 x 16 inch), with monitor
Power:
N/A
Outlets:
2
Heat:
N/A
Weight:
N/A
Required clearance:
Behind: 29 cm (11 inch) for Injector
1 side: 25 cm (10 inch) for Tray
Front: see keyboard
Computer keyboard (example only)
H x W x D:
5 x 46 x 18 cm (2 x 18 x 7 inch), with monitor
Laser printer
H x W x D:
30 x 42 x 41 cm 12 x 17 x 16 inch)
Power:
300 Vac max
Heat:
N/A
Outlets:
1
Weight:
16.8 kg (37 lbs)
Required clearance:
Behind:15 cm (5 inch)
Table 2.
Overall GC-AED ChemStation Space Requirements
Space:
1 m high x 3.4 m wide x 87 cm deep (37 inch x 11 ft. x 34 inch)
Weight capacity:
123.3 kg (271.3 lbs), plus computer and keyboard.
Other space requirements: The AED requires the use of four to six gas cylinders for the makeup and reagent gases, as well as a space for a nitrogen purge
supply (dewar or generator) and a helium getter (required).
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G2350A AED Service Manual
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Installation
Preparing your work station
Table 3.
G2350A AED Environmental Conditions
Condition
Operating Range
Temperature:
10°C to 40°C*
Relative Humidity:
80% max. for temperatures up to 31°C, decreasing linearly to 50% at 40°C.
Altitude:
up to 2000 m
Main voltage fluctuations
not to exceed ±10% of nominal voltage
* Recommended ambient temperature is 15°C to 35°C.
Table 4.
Electrical Supply Summary
Circuits
Outlets
GC
1 dedicated
1
AED
1 dedicated
1
Computer/monitor
Shared
2
Printer
Shared
1
Getter
Shared
1
Sampler
Gas sources
The AED requires the pure gases listed below.
Table 5.
Pure Gases
Gas
Function
Purity (%)
Helium
GC carrier gas and AED plasma
99.9999
Hydrogen
AED reagent gas
99.997
Oxygen
AED reagent gas
99.997
Nitrogen
Spectrometer purge
99.99
Auxiliary Gas (10% ± 1% CH4/90% N2)**
AED reagent gas
99.99*
Methane**
AED reagent gas
99.99
*The purity requirement is on original gases for the reagent gas.
**The G2350A AED can only be plumbed for three reagent gases. The user must decide whether to
plumb for 10%CH4/90%N2 (to detect oxygen 171) or for methane (to detect nitrogen 388 mm line
and nitrogen –15 isotope). The performance verification checkout procedure described in this manual
requires 10% CH4/90%N2.
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G2350A AED Service Manual
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Installation
Suppliers of helium getters and nitrogen generators
Agilent Technologies requires six 9’s (99.9999%) gas for helium. An optional
method of obtaining that level of purity is with the use of five 9’s gas and a
helium getter. A helium getter is recommended to help ensure helium gas
purity. Do not use filters on the helium line.
For nitrogen (spectrometer purge), the user is advised to provide a moisture
trap (part no. 5060-9084) and a hydrocarbon trap (part no. 5060-9096) to prevent condensation on the optics.
See also Helium Getter Suppliers on page 17.
Suppliers of helium getters and nitrogen generators
Listed below are suppliers of helium getters and nitrogen generators:
Table 6.
Helium Getter Suppliers
SAES Pure Gas Inc.
Valco Instruments Co. Inc.
4175 Santa Fe Road
P.O. Box 55603
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401, USA
Houston, TX 77255, USA
Phone: (805) 541-9299
Phone: (713) 688-9345
Fax: (805) 541-9399
Sales: 800 367-8424
Fax: (713) 688-8106
SAES Getters, Japan Co., Ltd.
No. 2 Gotandafujikoshi Bldg.
Valco Europe
5-23-1 Higashi-Gotanda
Unterannberg 7 CH-6214
Shinagawa-Ku, Tokyo 141
Schenkon, Switzerland
Phone: +81.3.5420.0435
Phone: (045) 21 68 68
Fax: +81.3.5420.0439
Fax: (045) 21 30 20
Telex: 868342
SAES Getters (Deutschland) GmbH
Gerolsteiner Stassel
5000 Koln 41
Phone: +49.221.44.30 86
Fax: +49.221.44 10 95
Telex: 887700
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G2350A AED Service Manual
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Installation
Suppliers of helium getters and nitrogen generators
Table 7.
Nitrogen Generator Suppliers
Whatman Inc.
Whatman SARL
260 Neck Road, Box 8223
BP 255, 4 Av de la Creativite
Havenhill, MA 01835-0723
59665 Villeneuve D’Ascq Cedex
800-343-4048 or 508-374-7400
France
Fax: 508-374-7070
Phone: 30-47-30-48
Telex: 136268
Whatman Canada Ltd.
Fax: 30-47-30-48
2495 Haines Road
Mississauga
Whatman Japan Limited
Ontario L4Y 1Y7
6th and 7th floor
800-667-2917 or 905-272-1516
Akihabara MF Bldg
Fax: 905-272-7074
No. 28
14-9 Soto-Kanda 6-chrome
Whatman International Limited
Chiyoda-Ku
Whatman House
Tokyo, 101
St. Leonard’s Road
Japan
20/20 Maidstone
Phone: 81-3-3832-6412
Kent ME16 OLS
Fax: 81-3-3832-6452
England
Phone: (01622)676670
Whatman Asia Pacific Pte Ltd
Fax: (01622)677011
171 Chin Swee Road
#08-01 San Centre
Whatman GmbH
Singapore 0316
Auf der Krautweide 32
Phone: 65-534-0183
6232 Bad Soden/Ts.
Fax: 65-534-5627
Germany
Phone: 0 61 96/64 30 26
Fax: 0 61 96/2 22 53
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G2350A AED Service Manual
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Installation
Preparing your gas sources
Preparing your gas sources
In order to minimize AED installation time, first install all the gas tanks and
check that all other required equipment, including regulators, purifiers, filters,
and tubing, is available.
Gas system considerations
The configuration of the gas system can effect AED performance and safety.
Note the following as you set up your gas system:
•
Use only regulators having dual stainless steel diaphragms with 1/8 inch
swage fitting connections.
•
If you wish to use GC inlet pressures > 80 psi, you must use a helium regulator with an outlet pressure of at least 110 psi.
•
Make all gas connections with Vespel ferrules when possible. Brass ferrules are not recommended. When connecting helium lines to the getter,
use stainless steel ferrules. The getter produces high temperatures that
can melt plastic ferrules.
•
Avoid sharing the AED’s gas system with other instruments. The gas system should be dedicated to the AED. Fewer connections, unions, and tees,
and shorter supply tubing provides better performance.
•
Use a gas getter to ensure the purity of the helium gas.
Gas system set-up
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Install a moisture trap (part no. 5060-9084) and a hydrocarbon trap (part
no. 5060-9096) on the nitrogen gas line that will feed the spectrometer
purge.
2.
Set up the gas cylinders/sources for the purities and pressures listed
below.
G2350A AED Service Manual
19
Installation
Installing your ChemStation software
Table 8.
Gas Cylinders/Sources Setup
Gas
Purity (%)
Flow Rate (mL/min)
(Approx. Consumption)
Supply Pressure (psi)
Helium
99.9999
200
80-100
Hydrogen
99.997
20
60
Oxygen
99.997
20
60
Auxiliary Gas (10%
± 1% CH4/90%
N2)
99.99*
20
60
Methane
99.99
20
70-90
Nitrogen
99.99
400
40
*The purity requirement is on original gases for the reagent gas.
Installing your ChemStation software
The G2350A AED requires ChemStation GC-AED software for operation. If you
already have a computer set up to run the proper version of the ChemStation
software and know how to use it, move on to Uncrating Your AED. If the GCAED ChemStation software must be installed, or if you are not familiar with it,
take time now to install it and learn to use it. It is important that you understand how to use this software to effectively operate the G2350A.
To install and learn how to use the ChemStation software, please refer to the
Installing and Understanding Your GC-AED ChemStation booklet which was
provided with the ChemStation. (Note that if you purchased a complete
GC-AED ChemStation system from Agilent Technologies, the proper ChemStation software was loaded onto the computer at the factory.)
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
20
Installation
Uncrating your AED
Uncrating your AED
Figure 2. G2350A AED shipping crate
Tools needed
Flat head screwdriver
Long-necked posi-drive
7 mm wrench or socket driver
7/16 inch open-end wrench
9/16 inch open-end wrench
Uncrating
Uncrate the G2350A AED as follows:
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Make sure enough bench space is clear for the AED. You will need at least
41 x 52 x 57 cm (16 x 21 x 23 inch), plus room to make the gas piping and
electrical connections. Leave at least 13 cm (5 inch) to the right and rear of
the AED if possible.
2.
Cut the packing straps and open the top portion of the box.
3.
Remove contents list, ship kit, transfer line, GPIB cable, learning products,
envelope, power cable, and checkout sample(s). See the contents list
below.
G2350A AED Service Manual
21
Installation
Uncrating your AED
Heated transfer line
Learning products
Checkout sample
Power cable
Ship kit
Figure 3. Hardware, and learning products
4.
Remove the main carton from around the AED. Remove the packing foam.
GPIB cable
Remove covering
Figure 4. Location of GPIB cable
Remove the GPIB cable, packing foam, and the plastic bag covering the instrument.
Caution
Released: MAY 2000
The AED weighs 37 kg (80 lbs).
5.
Remove the G2350A AED from the box. Use the hand holds in the AED
frame while moving and lifting the AED.
6.
Place the AED on the work bench (or other sturdy work surface) and
arrange as desired. Be sure to leave room for connections to the gas cylinders, the nitrogen dewar, the GC, and the ChemStation.
7.
Lift the front lid of the AED enclosure until the retaining arm on the right
hand side of the enclosure clicks into place. If desired, remove the front
G2350A AED Service Manual
22
Installation
Uncrating your AED
lid. Lower the front facing.
8.
Remove the four screws in the top lid and remove the top.
9.
Set the voltage selection switches on the AC board to the proper setting
for your line voltage. See Voltage selection switches on page 73.
10. Remove the foam packing from the top of the spectrometer and remove
the tape holding the spectrometer cable onto the spectrometer.
Firewall
Reinstall top screws after removing
the shipping bracket
Shipping bracket
Figure 5. Unpacking the spectrometer
11. Using a long-necked posi-drive, remove the four mounting screws on the
spectrometer shipping bracket and remove the bracket. Re-install the two
spectrometer screws and lockwashers in the spectrometer.
12. Pull the two foam supports from under the front of the spectrometer.
13. Attach the spectrometer cable to the spectrometer. Attach the nitrogen
purge line to the spectrometer using 7/16 inch and 9/16 inch open end
wrenches.
14. Use a 7 mm wrench or socket driver to loosen the two nuts securing the
firewall behind the spectrometer and emission source. Then remove the
firewall.
15. Remove the foam from behind the emission source lock. Remove the two
rear cushions from beneath the spectrometer.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
23
Installation
Uncrating your AED
Remove foam packing
Figure 6. Remove foam packing
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
24
Installation
Uncrating your AED
Remove foam packing
Figure 7. Remove foam packing
16. Slide the water drawer out. Remove the block and cushion from between
the water drawer and the cavity assembly. Replace the water drawer.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
25
Installation
Uncrating your AED
Remove emission source
packing
Figure 8. Remove emission source packing
17. Remove the lockwashers from beneath the emission source lock thumbnuts. Re-install the thumbnuts.
Figure 9. Remove lockwashers and re-install the thumbnuts
18. Optionally, remove the bracket from the top of the high voltage power
supply.
19. Reinstall the firewall and the top lid. Route the PDA cable, ground wire,
and sparker wire through the cutout in the bottom of the firewall to avoid
crimping.
20. Install the front lid, and lift it slightly to remove it from the retaining arm,
lightly press the arm inward, and close the lid. Close the front facing.
21. Make sure you have removed all parts and paperwork from the shipping
box before storing or discarding it.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
26
Installation
Uncrating your AED
Contents list
Figure 10. Parts shipped
You should have received the following parts and manuals in the AED shipping
box:
Table 9.
Released: MAY 2000
Contents List
Part Number
Description
UM
Qty
0100-0053
1/16 inch gas union SS tubing nut
EA
1
0100-0090
Tee-union brass
EA
2
0100-1326
Ferrule, 1/16 inch graphite 10/pk
PK
1
0100-1328
Ferrule, 1/8 inch Vespel 10/pk
PK
1
0100-1329
1/16 inch Vespel ferrule 10/pk
PK
1
0905-1293
Lens O-ring
EA
1
0905-1099
Lens keeper O-ring
EA
1
0905-1159
GC side cavity O-ring
EA
1
0905-1160
Optical side cavity O-ring
EA
1
0905-1162
O-ring
EA
3
0905-1451
Lens mount liner O-ring
EA
2
3150-0417
Filter tube, flyash
EA
1
5080-8853
Transfer line graphite ferrule, 0.5 mm 10/pk
PK
1
5180-4103
Nut, 1/8 inch brass 10/pk
PK
1
5181-8830
Column nut 2/pk
PK
1
8120-3446
GPIB cable 2m
EA
1
various
Power cord
EA
1
G2350A AED Service Manual
27
Installation
Connecting control cables
Part Number
Description
UM
Qty
8500-5067
Performance sample (box)
EA
1
8710-0510
Open end wrench 1/4 inch & 5/16 inch
EA
2
878-2360
Hex key 2.5 mm
EA
1
8710-0803
Open end wrench 7/16 inch & 9/16 inch
EA
1
8710-0972
Open end wrench 7/16 inch and 3/8 inch
EA
1
8710-1876
Sm cavity twisted wire brush
EA
2
8710-1938
Large cavity brush
EA
1
8710-2358
Nut driver 5.5 mm
EA
1
8710-2359
Wrench 1/2 and 3/8 inch
EA
1
G2350-80610
Column setting tool (plastic tube)
EA
1
G2350-80350
Hardware information CD-ROM
EA
1
G2350-61090
Discharge tube kit
EA
3
G2350-61300
Heated transfer line
EA
1
G2350-90200
Contents list
EA
1
G2350A
Atomic Emission Detector II
EA
1
G2350-90110
Setting Up and Maintaining manual
EA
1
—
Declaration of conformity
EA
1
Also included with the AED is a Customer Information Sheet listing the step-up
conditions which optimized performance during testing at
Agilent Technologies. This data will be used to set up and test your unit.
Connecting control cables
The G2350A AED comes with two control cables:
Released: MAY 2000
•
GPIB cable
•
Remote start cable
G2350A AED Service Manual
28
Installation
Connecting control cables
l
Sampler control
(7673 only)
Tray
cable
Tower
cable
Remote start
cable
RS 232
cable
GPIB cable
GPIB cable
Tower
Computer
Remote start cable
Tray
6890 GC
Parallel
cable
G2350A
AED
Printer
Figure 11. GC-AED ChemStation cabling diagram
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
GPIB cable
Connect one end of the GPIB cable to the GPIB port on the AED. Connect the
other end to the GPIB port on the ChemStation. Leave enough room behind the
AED so that the cable is not bent excessively at the connector. Bending may
decrease connector life. See Figure 12.
Figure 12. Connecting cables to the G2350A AED
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
29
Installation
Connecting gas piping
Remote start cable
Connect the remote start cable to the remote start cable connector on the back
of the AED, and also to the back of the 6890 GC.
GC, injector, tray, and controller (if present)
Connect the autosampler, tray and controller (if present) to the GC as
described in the Installation Manuals. Set the DIP switches on the controller (if
present) to the settings appropriate for the configuration purchased.
Connecting gas piping
Figure 13. Gas inlets and outlets
The AED requires constant supplies of helium and nitrogen, and often requires
reagent gases. For a listing of the gases and purities required, see Preparing
your work station on page 12 and Preparing your gas sources on page 19. In
general, the flow rates are not adjusted after set-up unless required by a certain
recipe. For information on how to set-up the flow rates, see First start-up on
page 41.
Connecting the nitrogen purge
Caution
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Using a 7/16 inch open end wrench, connect the nitrogen purge line to the
Nitrogen Purge line on the side of the AED. See Figure 14.
2.
Set the nitrogen pressure to 40 psi at the source.
The AED uses a fixed restrictor to control the purge flow rate. Tank pressures
above 40 psi may cause higher flow rates that can damage the AED. Tank pressure below 40 psi may not yield optimal purging.
G2350A AED Service Manual
30
Installation
Connecting gas piping
It may take several hours before the AED will reach its maximum sensitivity in
the UV range due to light adsorption by O2 and water inside the spectrometer.
However, initial set-up tests can be performed right away.
Connecting other gas lines
Warning
Hydrogen Gas! To reduce risk of explosion, fire, and injury, ensure that hydrogen gas is only connected to the gas inlet on the side panel labeled
“HYDROGEN.”
Hydrogen Gas! To reduce risk of explosion, fire, and injury, ensure that the
hydrogen gas flow is turned off at the source and in the AED before starting
this procedure.
Effluent Gases! To reduce risk of breathing ozone and other harmful gases produced by the plasma, turn off all reagent gas flows and the column flow before
starting this procedure.
For GCs without Electronic Pressure Control (EPC), connect the gas source
directly to the AED using ferrules and two 7/16 inch wrenches. Set the source
pressures to the levels listed in the Customer Information Sheet provided with
your AED. If the data is not available, set the pressures to the approximate values given below.
Table 10.
Gas Pressures and Purities
Gas
Purity (%)
Flow Rate (mL/min)
(Approx. Consumption)
Supply Pressure
(psi)
Helium
99.9999
200
80-100
Hydrogen
99.997
20
60
Oxygen
99.997
20
60
Auxiliary Gas* (10% ± 1% CH4/90% N2)
99.99**
20
60
Methane
99.99
20
70-90
Nitrogen
99.99
400
40
* Required for the performance verification procedure.
**The purity requirement is on component gases of the mixture.
It is important to set the source pressures properly. The AED uses fixed restrictors to regulate the flow rates of the gases. Information is provided with the
AED with the reagent gas pressure settings that provide optimum performance.
Set the gas cylinder regulators to this pressure.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
31
Installation
Connecting gas piping
Figure 14. Properly connected gas lines
For GCs with EPC (option 308):
1.
Replace the frits in the EPC auxiliary manifold with FID air restrictors
(part no. 19231-60610). These frits are required for proper flow of gases in
the AED. Use the Viton O-rings (part no. 5180-4182, 12pk) provided in the
EPC manifold ship kit.
2.
Connect the three reagent gas lines to the auxiliary manifold of the
GC EPC as shown below. See Figure 15.
Aux 3
Aux 4
Aux 5
O2
H2
CH4/N2 or CH4
Figure 15. Gas lines connected to the EPC
Released: MAY 2000
3.
Connect the three stainless steel lines from the EPC outlet to the corresponding inlets on the AED side panel.
4.
Set the EPC gas pressures to the values listed in the Customer Information
Sheet provided with your AED. If the data is not available, set the pressures to the values given in the table above.
G2350A AED Service Manual
32
Installation
Installing your transfer line
Installing your transfer line
Figure 16. Transfer line
Note: To modify existing GCs, you must order G2350A option 320, which
includes the oven modification kit, the instructions, and the tools required to
modify the GC oven for AED use.
Install your transfer line in your 6890 GC as follows:
1.
If the right cover panel on your 6890 GC was pre-drilled at the factory,
remove the panel and remove the plastic bag which covers the opening.
Re-install the cover panel. If your 6890 GC contains a round knock-out on
the right panel for the transfer line, remove the knock-out.
Figure 17. Removing the knock-out
2.
Released: MAY 2000
Ensure oven insulation has been removed from the transfer line through
holes in the GC, and that the mounting bracket is installed in the GC oven.
See Figure 18.
G2350A AED Service Manual
33
Installation
Installing your transfer line
Bracket
Screws
Figure 18. Mounting bracket installed in oven (transfer line shown
installed in bracket)
3.
Remove the heated core from the insulation tube.
4.
Using two 5/16 inch wrenches, remove the plug from the left end of the gas
union.
5.
Install a 1/16 inch stainless steel nut (part no. 0100-0053) and a
1/16 inch graphite ferrule (part no. 0100-1326, 10/pk) onto the heated core
at the gas union side. (Note that the pictures in this documentation show
stainless steel ferrules for visibility.)
Figure 19. Ferrule and nut
Released: MAY 2000
6.
Slide the heated core into the insulation tube.
7.
Slide the heated transfer line assembly through the GC outer wall and into
the GC oven.
G2350A AED Service Manual
34
Installation
Installing your transfer line
Figure 20. Installing transfer line assembly
8.
Orient the AED so that:
•
The centerline of the gas union fitting is precisely aligned with the
centerline of the hole through the GC.
•
The heated transfer line will protrude at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) into the
GC oven after it is installed onto the AED.
•
Leave as much of the transfer line outside the GC as possible to make
maintenance easier. See Figure 22 below.
6-10 cm
Axis of transfer line–gas union–spectrometer
must be parallel to the front of the GC
AED
GC
5-8 cm
Figure 21. GC-AED alignment
9.
Released: MAY 2000
Using two 5/16 inch wrenches, install the heated core onto the gas union.
G2350A AED Service Manual
35
Installation
Installing your transfer line
Figure 22. Installing the heated core onto the gas union
10. Slide the insulation tube onto the heated cavity block and secure with the
set screw. Do not over tighten.
Figure 23. Installing the insulation tube
11. Readjust the spacing between the GC and AED as necessary to keep
approximately 1 inch of the transfer line inside the GC oven. Make sure the
GC-AED alignment is correct per Figure 21.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
36
Installation
Water filling
Figure 24. Adjusting the space between the GC and AED
Water filling
The AED requires a flow rate of 370 mL/min to 430 mL/min of distilled water
for cooling the discharge tube during operation. Before using the AED for the
first time, fill the water reservoir as follows:
Warning
Do not operate the AED with the water drawer open.
Before re-starting the AED, make sure there is no water on the AED electronics. Remove water puddles and allow electronic surfaces to dry thoroughly.
Make sure no water is inside the cavity or purge vent tubing, or the ash filter.
To avoid electrical shock, make sure the spark plug wire is attached to the
spark plug before starting the AED.
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Lift the emission source lock to release the water drawer.
2.
Open the lower front panel and slide the water drawer out.
3.
Open the water reservoir and fill to just above the upper fitting with distilled water.
G2350A AED Service Manual
37
Installation
Water filling
Reservoir
Figure 25. Filling water reservoir
4.
Close the reservoir lid.
5.
Close the water drawer.
After starting the AED for the first time, you may need to refill the reservoir.
Caution
Do not use de-ionized water. De-ionized water attacks the system and causes
deposits to build up, shortening instrument life.
Distilled water will keep the system sufficiently clean. Do not add algal
inhibitors.
Keep the reservoir lid closed to avoid shock hazard and prevent water loss
through evaporation.
Check the water level daily.
Add distilled water to the reservoir to maintain the level near the top. If the
water level drops too low, the plasma will shut off.
Do not put objects in the reservoir, as they will contaminate the system.
If the system is to be shut down for any length of time, drain the water reservoir to prevent algal growth
Charge the water in the reservoir every time the discharge tube is changed during the first 3 months of use.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
38
Installation
Basic operation of your AED
Basic operation of your AED
Spectrometer
Lens mount nut
View window
Cavity assembly
Water drawer
Fly ash filter
ON/OFF switch
Gas drawer
Front facing
Figure 26. Front view of the G2350A AED
G2350A AED control
The G2350 Atomic Emission Detector is controlled through the GC-AED ChemStation computer software. Only the main power and certain gas pressures are
manually controlled.
Creating and running methods
To learn how to run methods and sequences to analyze samples, refer to the
extensive online help files available in the GC-AED ChemStation and the
Understanding Your ChemStation manual.
ON/OFF switch
The ON/OFF switch is located in the front of the AED in lower left corner.
View window
On the front of the AED in the upper left corner is a tinted view window which
allows you to look into the cavity while the AED is running. During operation, a
bright glow from the plasma should be seen.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
39
Installation
Important operating tips
Adjusting gas flows
The makeup gas flow is controlled using two flow controllers located on the
gas drawer front panel. Other gas flows are set from the ChemStation or fixed
at the factory.
Adjusting the water flow
The water (coolant) flow rate is set automatically by the G2350A.
Checking the water level
The water level can be checked by lowering the front face of the AED. A slit in
the water drawer shows the water level in the reservoir. Check the water level
daily when the AED is in use.
Order of GC-AED system start up
In most cases, start your GC and your G2350A AED before starting the ChemStation software.
When starting the system for the first time, see First start-up on page 41.
Important operating tips
Below is a summary of important operating tips.
Released: MAY 2000
•
Do not attempt to analyze for O2 if the AED is plumbed for pure methane.
Use of pure methane when searching for oxygen can damage the instrument with excessive carbon buildup.
•
To measure the N 388, you must use pure methane.
•
Once the helium supply pressure is set at 30 psi, do not adjust it further.
The AED uses a system of fixed restrictions to control gas flows. If the
helium supply pressure is not 30 psi, the reagent, purge, and carrier flow
rates will vary by unknown amounts.
•
Use only distilled water in the water reservoir.
G2350A AED Service Manual
40
Installation
First start-up
First start-up
In order to verify that the AED performance meets the specifications as tested
at Agilent Technologies, install the checkout column and set the gas flow rates
to factory standard as described below.
Once check-out performance is verified, vary the gas flow rates, oven temperature program, or columns to optimize results for the compounds being analyzed.
Install the column in the GC
Install the AED checkout column (25m x 0.32 mm ID x 0.17 mm film thickness,
HP-1, part number 19091Z-012) as follows:
1.
Install column nuts and ferrules onto the column and trim the column to
the proper length as described in Column installation/changing columns
on page 112.
2.
For best results, install the checkout column in the GC and purge for 20 to
30 minutes with helium before conditioning. Set the GC column inlet pressure inlet press change to 20 psi.
3.
Begin conditioning the column at 250°C for 1 to 2 hours.
Turn the AED ON and set the initial gas flow rates
Warning
Microwaves! When turning the instrument on for the first time after receipt,
check for microwave leakage immediately after the plasma ignites.
If stray microwave emission is above 5 mW/cm2 at a distance of 5 cm, shut
down the instrument immediately and call the Agilent Technologies Service
Department for service.
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Slide the conditioned column into the transfer line and tighten the column
nut into the fitting. Make sure that the white correction fluid mark is still
visible. See Column installation/changing columns on page 112.
2.
Plug the AED into the proper outlet. See the label near the power cord
receptacle on the back panel of the AED.
3.
Lower the front facing.
4.
Turn ON the supply and reagent gases at their sources. (Your source pressure must be set as shown in Table 6 on page 17 and Table 7 on page 18.
5.
Allow time for the gas flow system to purge.
G2350A AED Service Manual
41
Installation
First start-up
6.
Check the cavity pressure and the helium supply pressure on the gas
drawer front panel. The cavity pressure should read 1.5 psig and the
helium supply pressure should read 30 psig. Adjust the pressures as
required.
7.
Turn ON the ChemStation components in the order specified below:
•
ALS
•
GC
•
AED
•
The computer running the GC-AED ChemStation
•
peripherals (e.g., printer)
The status of each instrument will appear in the Workstation.
8.
Wait for the self-test to finish and the AED water system to start. The
plasma should light.
9.
As soon as the plasma is lit, immediately check for microwave leakage. See Testing for Microwave Leakage. If the stray microwave reading
is above 5 mW/cm2 at a distance of 5 cm, turn OFF the instrument immediately.
10. Carefully slide out the water drawer. (The emission source must be locked
to the enclosure, not to the drawer.)
11. Check for water leaks. If a leak is found, turn OFF the AED. Check that the
discharge tube is not broken and that all fittings are tight. See Water leaks
on page 204.
12. Check that the water level in the reservoir is just above the upper fitting.
Add distilled water if necessary.
13. Slide the water drawer in fully.
14. Open the ChemStation software. From the Start menu, select the ChemStation folder, then the appropriate Instrument Online icon. This will start
the ChemStation. Once the ChemStation is running, it will load the last
method used and the AED Real-Time Spectral plot should be displayed. If
the AED Real-Time Spectral Plot window is not displayed, it can be
brought up by selecting View/AED Real-Time Spectral Plot on/
off. Once the spectral plot is displayed, the AED status can be checked
from the ChemStation.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
42
Installation
First start-up
15. Load method CKO_TIME.M. Select Method/Load Method/
CKO_TIME.M. The following parameters will be automatically loaded:
Table 11. Checkout Parameters
GC Parameters
Oven Initial Temperature
60°C
Initial Time
0
Rate
30°C/min
Final Temperature
180°C
Final Time
0
Inlet Temperature
250°C
AED Parameters
Transfer line temperature
250°C
Cavity Temperature
250°C
Solvent Vent Time
On at 0.75 min
Off at 0.90 min
ALS Parameters
Sample 1
Position 1
Sample 2
Position 2
Injection volume
1 µL
Sample pre wash
4
Solvent A wash
4
Sample pumps
6
16. For GCs without Electronic Pressure Control (EPC), also set the following
GC parameters:
Inlet liner type
Split vent setting
Septum purge
Split ratio
split (part no. 5183-4647)
7.5 ± 10
2.5 ± .5
17.5 ± 2
17. Turn OFF all reagent gases using the ChemStation. (Note: Verify the column inlet pressure is set at 20 psi or at the value saved during a previous
performance verification.) Adjust the pressure if needed.
18. Connect a flow meter to the purge vent. Measure the flow rate and record.
Turn off the makeup flow. The cavity pressure should drop but should not
reach zero. Re-measure the purge flow rate. The flow rate should be from
30 to 35 mL/min. If necessary, adjust the cavity pressure until the flow rate
is between 30 to 35 mL/min.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
43
Installation
First start-up
19. Move the flow meter to the cavity vent. Adjust the makeup flow until a
flow rate of 60 to 70 mL/min is obtained.
20. Re-measure the purge vent flow rate. (The flow rate should be approximately 40 to 45 mL/min).
21. The cavity vent flow rate should equal:
[the purge vent flow rate + 30] mL/min ± 5 mL/min. If necessary, adjust the
cavity pressure until the cavity vent flow is within the acceptable range.
22. Cycle the reagent solenoid valves ON and OFF while monitoring the purge
vent flow rate. The flow rate should remain relatively constant.
After the initial flow rates are established, you will need to verify spectrometer
performance and correct the reagent gas flow rates obtain optimal (default)
sensitivity for performance verification. Refer to Adjust EPC-controlled
reagent gas flow rates (6890 only) on page 44 and/or Adjust manually controlled reagent gas flow rates on page 45 below to adjust any EPC-controlled
and/or manually controlled reagent gas flow rates.
Adjust EPC-controlled reagent gas flow rates (6890 only)
If you have any reagent gas flows controlled using EPC, you can check and correct their flow rates automatically using a macro described below.
•
If the macro cannot determine an acceptable flow rate, try to adjust the
pressures manually as described in Adjust manually controlled reagent
gas flow rates on page 45.
•
If small manual adjustments to the flow rates of the reagent gases still cannot solve a problem found during this procedure, contact your Agilent service representative.
To adjust the reagent gas flow rates, follow the instructions below.
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Display the Method and Run Control View. If full menus are not displayed,
select View/Full menu. Then, display the AED spectral plot by selecting
View AED Spectral Plot On/Off.
2.
Realign the instrument by selecting the Realign bar on the spectral
plot screen.
3.
When alignment finishes (after approximately 5 min.), enter 725 nm as
the wave length and select the Go To bar.
4.
When the spectrometer arrives at 725 nm, turn the oxygen ON.
5.
Select Instrument/AED Utilities/Auto-set reagent gases. A
macro will begin and will automatically set your EPC reagent gas pressure(s) to the optimum values for default performance.
G2350A AED Service Manual
44
Installation
First start-up
6.
Save the EPC settings in the CKO_TIME.M method. Select Method/Save
Method. Overwrite the earlier version.
These pressure setpoint values are a starting point for measurement and for
performance verification as described in Verifying performance on page 47,
and may require additional adjustment after running the AED Checkout sample.
Adjust manually controlled reagent gas flow rates
If any of your reagent gas flow rates are controlled manually, or if you are using
an 5890 GC, you must adjust them as described in this section.
If small adjustments to the flow rates of the reagent gases still cannot solve a
problem found during this procedure, contact your Agilent service representative.
To adjust the reagent gas flow rates, follow the instructions below.
Prepare to set the gas flow rates
1.
Display the Method and Run Control View. Then, display the AED spectral
plot by selecting View AED Spectral Plot On/Off.
2.
Realign the instrument by selecting the Realign bar on the spectral
plot screen.
3.
When alignment finishes (after approximately 5 min.), enter 725 nm as
the wave length and select the Go To bar.
4.
When the spectrometer arrives at 725 nm, turn the oxygen ON from the
ChemStation.
Set the oxygen pressure
Released: MAY 2000
5.
Measure the area of the oxygen 725 line by placing the mouse cursor over
the peak and pressing the left mouse button. Record the value for use in
step 7.
6.
Select the helium 728 line and determine its area. Record the value for use
in step 7.
7.
The ratio of the oxygen 725 to helium 728 line areas should be 0.12 ± 0.01.
If the ratio is greater than 0.13, decrease the oxygen pressure at the oxygen
regulator. If the ratio is less than 0.11, increase the oxygen pressure.
8.
Perform steps 5 through 7 until the ratio is correct.
9.
Turn the oxygen OFF from the ChemStation.
G2350A AED Service Manual
45
Installation
First start-up
Set the hydrogen pressure
10. Enter 486 nm as the wavelength and select the Go To bar.
11. When the spectrometer arrives at 486 nm, turn ON the hydrogen from the
ChemStation.
12. Measure the area of the hydrogen 486 line and record the value for use in
step 14.
13. Select the helium 492 line and measure its area. Record the value for use in
step 14.
14. The ratio of the hydrogen 486 to helium 492 line areas should be 10 ± 1. If
the ratio is greater than 11, decrease the hydrogen pressure at the hydrogen regulator.
15. Perform steps 12 through 14 until the ratio is correct.
16. Turn the hydrogen OFF from the ChemStation.
Set the auxiliary gas (CH4/N2) pressure
17. Set the AED auxiliary gas (methane/nitrogen or methane) pressure to
30 psig.
18. Turn ON the oxygen reagent gas from the ChemStation.
19. Measure and record the area count value of the helium 492 line.
20. Turn ON the AED auxiliary gas from the ChemStation.
21. Measure and record the area count value of the hydrogen 486 line.
22. The ratio of the hydrogen 486 to helium 492 line areas should be 3.3 ± 0.2.
Adjust the AED auxiliary gas pressure at the regulator until the hydrogen
486 to helium 492 area count ratio is correct. Remeasure both area counts
after each adjustment.
Prepare for performance verification
23. Turn OFF the reagent gases from the ChemStation.
These pressure setpoint values are a starting point for measurement and for
performance verification as described below, and may require additional
adjustment after running the AED Checkout sample.
Verify initial spectrometer purge
Allow the AED to purge for two hours to reach optimal spectrometer sensitivity in the UV range. After sufficient purge time has passed, check the spectrometer purge flow as follows:
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G2350A AED Service Manual
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Installation
Verifying performance
1.
Enter 165 nm as the wavelength and select the Go To bar.
2.
When the spectrometer reaches 165 nm, select the carbon 165 line.
3.
Measure the area and record the area count value.
4.
Enter 193 nm as the wave length.
5.
When the spectrometer reaches 193 nm, select the carbon 193 line.
6.
Measure the area and record the area count value.
7.
Calculate the area ratio of the carbon 193 to carbon 165 lines. The ratio
should be 4 or less. If the ratio is greater than 4, wait at least 15 minutes,
then remeasure the carbon 165 and 193 lines and recalculate the ratio. If
the ratio still is greater than 4:
•
If the spectrometer purge is controlled through an EPC, slightly
increase the nitrogen flow rate. Wait at least 15 minutes, then re-test.
•
Check the quality (purity) of the nitrogen purge gas.
•
Check the system for gas leaks. See Finding Gas Leaks.
When the ratio is acceptable, the AED is ready for performance verification.
Verifying performance
Once all the GC-AED ChemStation components are set-up and ready to
operate, the AED must be tested to verify its performance. Agilent Technologies provides test samples and pre-programmed recipes for this purpose. Also
verify performance after significant repair has been performed.
Agilent Technologies provides 3 ChemStation methods (and 1 sequence) which
are used to verify performance. Method CKO_TIME.M checks the retention
time. Sequence CKO_TST.S runs methods CKO_RUN1.M and CKO_RUN2.M,
which check if the instrument is operating within specification.
Procedure
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Install the standard (checkout) column (part number 19091Z-012) in the
GC and condition it as described in First start-up on page 41.
2.
Set-up the gas flows to the original factory conditions as described in First
start-up on page 41.
3.
Place a vial of AED checkout sample #1 (part number 8500-5067) in position 1 of the auto injector or tray, and place a vial of AED checkout sample
#2 (part number 8500-5067) in position 2.
G2350A AED Service Manual
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Installation
Verifying performance
4.
Display the AED Spectral Plot on the ChemStation (View/AED spectral plot on/off).
5.
From the Instrument menu, display the main AED screen.
6.
After the checkout column in the GC is conditioned and all hardware is
connected, load method CKO_TIME.M. Select Method/Load Method/
CKO_TIME.M. The method should include any changes to the default settings made during First start-up on page 41.
7.
Run the method. Select Run Control/Run Method. For the performance calculations to work correctly, the retention time of the t-butyldisulfide must be between 2.115 and 2.150 minutes. If the retention time of
the peak is in the correct range, the message “retention time of sulfur peak
OK” is printed. If the retention time is outside the required window, the
message “Suggested pressure change (psi) = X.XX” is printed, where X.XX
is the amount by which the column inlet pressure should be changed to
bring the peak into the window. Adjust the column inlet pressure.
8.
Repeat step 7 until the retention time for the sulfur peak is between 2.115
to 2.150 minutes.
9.
Save the modified method. Select Method/Save Method. Overwrite the
earlier version.
10. Print the method parameters. Select Method/Print Method. The
parameters will be used to modify methods CKO_RUN1.M and
CKO_RUN2.M.
11. Load method CKO_RUN1.M. Select Method/Load Method/
CKO_RUN1.M.
12. Modify the default settings listed in the method for the oxygen, hydrogen,
auxiliary gas, and/or column inlet pressures as needed to match the printout of method CKO_TIME.M.
•
Select Instrument/Edit Parameters.
•
Click on the Aux icon. Select the appropriate reagent gas and modify
the settings.
•
Click on the Inlets icon. Modify the inlet pressure as required.
•
Save the new settings. Select Method/Save Method. Overwrite the
earlier version.
13. Load method CKO_RUN2.M. Select Method/Load Method/
CKO_RUN2.M.
14. Modify the default settings listed in the method for the oxygen, hydrogen,
auxiliary gas, and/or column inlet pressures as needed to match the printout of method CKO_TIME.M. See step 12 above. Save the new settings.
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G2350A AED Service Manual
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Installation
Verifying performance
Select Method/Save Method. Overwrite the earlier version.
15. Load sequence CKO_TST.S. Select Sequence/Load Sequence/
CKO_TST.S.
16. Run sequence CKO_TST.S. Select Run Control/Run Sequence.
The sequence takes about 1 hour to run. When finished, a report is printed
which shows the detection limit, noise, selectivity, and back amount for
each of the test elements. See the sample data and sample chromatograms
below.
17. Compare the printed Psel values to the selectivity limits of the specification, and compare the printed MDL values to the MDL specification. If the
results are acceptable, the unit is ready for use. If the results are unacceptable, adjust the reagent flow rate(s), troubleshoot the unit, and retest (see
step 16) until the AED output is within specification.
18. At the end of the sequence, you will be asked if you want to save the measured back amounts for the tested elements.
•
If the test results look acceptable, click OK to save the Back Amount
if desired.
•
If the test results were unacceptable, click Cancel.
19. If any changes were made to the EPC settings or the column inlet pressure
after running the CKO_TST.S sequence, modify the three methods
(CKO_TIME.M, CKO_RUN1.M, CKO_RUN2.M) and save the changes. Print
each method for future reference. The new settings can be used as a starting point for any new methods which are created.
Specifications
The AED results must meet the specifications listed in Specifications on
page 50.
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G2350A AED Service Manual
49
Installation
Specifications
Specifications
Figure 27. G2350A AED
When set-up and tested as described in First start-up on page 41 and in Verifying performance on page 47, the G2350A AED performance must meet the
specifications listed below.
Table 12. Performance Specifications
Emission Line
MDL* (pg/sec)
Selectivity over Carbon
C193
1
CI 479
30
H 486
4
N 174
30
2500
O 171
150
5000
P 178
2
5000
S 181
2
10000
3000
* Minimum Detectable Level
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Installation
Specifications
Sample chromatograms and tabulated data
The sequence’s printed output should be similar to the samples below. The
chromatograms and data are provided for reference, and are not part of the
G2350A specifications.
Figure 28. Carbon 193
Figure 29. Chlorine 479
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G2350A AED Service Manual
51
Installation
Specifications
Figure 30. Hydrogen 486
Figure 31. Nitrogen 174
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G2350A AED Service Manual
52
Installation
Specifications
Figure 32. Oxygen 171
Figure 33. Phosphorus 178
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G2350A AED Service Manual
53
Installation
Specifications
Figure 34. Sulfur 181
Table 13. Sample Printout of Results
Released: MAY 2000
mdl pg/sec
noise
Msel
supamt
Psel
Area
C 193 nm
0.46
0.896
----
----
----
31719.9
Cl 479 nm
9.58
0.647
2609
0.9987
12183
1624.1
H 486 nm
0.75
0.689
----
----
----
1304.8
N 174 nm
4.12
0.729
3431
0.9452
5463
690.6
O 171 nm
32.46
0.543
6215
1.004
16845
224.7
P 178 nm
1.05
0.275
4205
0.8036
17315
924.2
S 181 nm
0.41
0.322
9007
0.9857
24749
7751.5
G2350A AED Service Manual
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Installation
Specifications
Checkout sample composition
Part Number: 8500-5067
Checkout Sample #1 Composition: Mixture of the following on (w/w) basis:
0.07% Nitrobenzene (C6H5NO2)
0.043% b-Tridecane (C13H28)
0.07% 4-Fluoroanisole (C7H7FO)
0.05% tert-Butyl Disulfide (C8H18S2)
0.08% 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene (C6H3Cl3)
0.05% Tetraethyl orthosilicate (C8H20SiO4)
0.05% n-Decane [perdeuterated] (C10D22)
4.3% n-Dodecane (C12H26)
0.13% n-Tetradecane (C14H30)
0.07% 1-Bromohexane (C6H13Br)
4.04% n-Octane (C8H18)
In Isooctane (C8H18) as solvent
Checkout Sample #2 Composition: Same as Sample 1, with the addition of
0.06% Triethyl Phosphate (C6H15PO4).
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G2350A AED Service Manual
55
2 Maintenance
General ............................................................................................... 57
Intended use ............................................................................... 57
General maintenance procedures ........................................... 57
AED shutdown ........................................................................... 57
Hazard awareness ..................................................................... 58
Optical Assembly ............................................................................... 61
PDA ............................................................................................. 62
Spectrometer ............................................................................. 63
Spectrometer assembly ............................................................ 67
Spectrometer lens ..................................................................... 67
Lens mount assembly ............................................................... 69
Electronics ......................................................................................... 70
AC board ..................................................................................... 71
High voltage power supply ....................................................... 75
Service display board ................................................................ 76
Main board ................................................................................. 77
Sparker board ............................................................................ 81
Transformer ............................................................................... 84
Emission Source ................................................................................ 86
Cleaning the cavity .................................................................... 87
Moving the cavity assembly to the service position ............. 91
Replacing other emission source assembly hardware ......... 94
Cavity heater/PRT assembly .................................................... 95
Discharge tube ........................................................................... 98
Emission source assembly ..................................................... 105
Gas Flow System ............................................................................. 108
Accessing the gas drawer ....................................................... 109
Changing gas cylinders ........................................................... 111
Column installation/changing columns ................................ 112
Solenoid valve assembly ......................................................... 115
Replacing related components .............................................. 116
Fly ash filter ............................................................................. 116
Gas drawer ............................................................................... 118
Insulated jacket assembly and heated core ......................... 121
Water Flow System ......................................................................... 122
Keeping clean water in the system ........................................ 122
Pressure switch ....................................................................... 123
Water Pump .............................................................................. 124
Water board .............................................................................. 130
Water drawer ........................................................................... 133
Water filter ............................................................................... 135
Flow sensor .............................................................................. 138
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G2350A AED Service Manual
56
General Maintenance
Intended use
General
Intended use
The maintenance section of this documentation is intended for use primarily
by the Agilent Customer Engineer. While some of the procedures described can
be performed as part of regular maintenance and upkeep, other procedures are
to be performed only by qualified personnel. Please reference the Setting Up
and Maintaining the G2350A AED manual for routine maintenance procedures.
General maintenance procedures
When performing any maintenance on the G2350A AED, observe the following
rules:
•
Adding distilled water to the reservoir when the water level is low is the
only procedure which can be performed while the AED is running. Never
perform any other maintenance procedure while the AED is running.
•
Allow the cavity and heated zones to cool down before performing maintenance on them.
AED shutdown
If it becomes necessary to shut down your unit for one day or more, follow the
procedures below:
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Turn the AED power off.
2.
Turn off all gases except the nitrogen purge to the spectrometer.
3.
Allow the water to cool to ambient temperature.
4.
Drain all water from the system.
5.
Purge all water lines in the AED with helium or nitrogen gas to dry them
off.
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57
General Maintenance
Hazard awareness
Hazard awareness
This manual contains safety information that should be followed to ensure safe
operation. There are seven potential safety hazards which the user should be
aware of when using the AED. These are described as follows:
1.
High temperature
2.
High voltage
3.
Microwaves
4.
Ultraviolet light
5.
Effluent venting
6.
Hydrogen gas
7.
Insulation
High temperature
Warning
Before touching the GC-AED column transfer line, cavity assembly, or water
reservoir, turn off the instrument. Allow it to cool to ambient temperature or
wear heat-resistant gloves.
High-temperature heated zones in the G2350A AED include the column transfer line, cavity assembly, and the water bath.
The column transfer line is surrounded by an insulated sleeve enclosed in a
metal tube. Although the tube surface of the transfer line can get hot, it is safely
contained within the GC except for a few inches between the GC and AED,
which are surrounded by rigid protective insulation. The transfer line does not
present a burn hazard as long as this rigid insulation is in place.
The cavity assembly hardware is located under a hinged safety cover to prevent burns. Keep this cover closed until the cavity has reached ambient temperature before performing maintenance procedures, such as changing a
column or replacing a discharge tube.
The water reservoir and water lines can reach high temperatures and can be
accessed easily. Be sure to turn OFF the AED and let the water cool before
draining the system.
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General Maintenance
Hazard awareness
High voltage
Warning
To reduce risk of electric shock, always disconnect the power cord when
changing the fuse on the AED.
To reduce risk of electric shock, the ground strap for the magnetron power
supply must always be connected to the wave guide when the AED is in operation.
High voltage hazards include:
•
The high voltage supply to the magnetron, which delivers a current of 8 A
at 2.2 V to the magnetron filament and 60 mA at 2340 V to the magnetron
high voltage circuit.
•
The 120/220 V supplies connected to the column transfer line heater, the
emission source heater, the water bath heater, and the 115/120 V circuits at
the primary instrument supply.
Microwaves
Warning
Microwave radiation
Never remove the screws attaching the cavity to the wave guide or the screws
which fasten the cavity halves together.
Never operate the G2350A AED when the cavity, magnetron, or wave guide are
disassembled or mechanically loose.
If stray microwave emission is suspected and/or measured above 5 mW/cm2 at
a distance of 5 cm, shut down the instrument immediately and call the Agilent
Service Department for service.
[Note: 5 mW/cm2 at a distance of 5 cm is the amount of microwave leakage
allowed from microwave ovens by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This
standard is published in IEC Publication 519-6-1982 and in the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act of 1968 (PL90-602, section 358.)]
Ultraviolet light
Warning
Released: MAY 2000
To reduce risk of eye damage, never operate the G2350A without the glass filter in the view port of the cavity. Never view the plasma by looking directly
into the open end of the discharge tube while the plasma is lit.
G2350A AED Service Manual
59
General Maintenance
Hazard awareness
The AED emits ultraviolet light that can damage the eyes if stared at for long
periods of time. The view port in the cavity has a glass filter that prevents ultraviolet light (light of wavelengths shorter than 360 nm) from passing through to
the viewer’s eyes.
Effluent gases
Warning
To reduce risk of breathing ozone and other harmful gases produced by the
plasma, vent G2350A AED effluents from the side panel to a fume hood.
The effluent gases may contain ozone or other harmful gases produced by the
plasma. Oxygen, hydrogen, and methane present an explosion hazard. Vent the
gases to a fume hood. Ideally, each gas should be vented to a separate hood.
Hydrogen gas
Warning
To reduce risk of explosion, fire, and injury, ensure that hydrogen gas is only
connected to the gas inlet on the side panel labeled “HYDROGEN.”
Hydrogen gas presents an explosion hazard. Vent hydrogen gas to a fume hood.
Ensure that hydrogen is plumbed only to the hydrogen inlet.
Insulation
Warning
If the insulation is flaky/crumbly, replace or seal the insulation. Wear protective clothing, eye wear, and a dust respirator until the insulation is either sealed
or replaced.
The AED end of the heated transfer line is insulated with a material consisting
of lime, silica, and reinforcing fibers that can cause irritation to the skin, eyes,
and mucous membranes. Wear gloves when touching the bare insulation.
Replace any part with exposed insulation.
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60
Optical Assembly Maintenance
Replaceable components
Optical Assembly
The PDA and preamp board, the spectrometer, and the PDA ribbon cable are
designed to be easily replaceable as units. Therefore, no maintenance is performed on these units. If a problem is detected within the Spectrometer, cable,
PDA, or the PDA preamp, the assembly is replaced.
Replaceable components
PDA assembly
PDA to main PCB cable assembly
Spectrometer
Spectrometer assembly
Lens mount assembly, including:
•
Lens
•
Lens keeper
•
Lens keeper O-ring
•
Lens mount cone
•
Lens mount liner
•
Lens mount liner O-ring
•
Lens O-ring
Tools needed
Two 5/16 inch open end wrenches
7/16 inch open end wrench
9/16 inch open end wrench
Posi-drive
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Optical Assembly Maintenance
PDA
PDA
Replace the PDA (and PDA preamplifier board) as described below:
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
1.
Turn off the AED.
2.
Lower the AED front facing and open the front lid.
3.
Turn off the spectrometer purge (nitrogen) at the source.
4.
Move the cavity to the service position. See Moving the cavity assembly to
the service position on page 91.
5.
Use a 9/16 inch and 7/16 inch wrench to remove the spectrometer purge
line.
6.
Remove the spectrometer cable, the lens purge and cavity vent tubing, and
the spark plug and wire.
7.
Remove the spectrometer and lens mount assembly from the enclosure by
sliding it all the way to the left and then lifting.
8.
Stand the spectrometer on its end so that the PDA faces up.
Figure 35.
9.
Released: MAY 2000
PDA and spectrometer assemblies (top view)
Remove the two screws holding the PDA in the spectrometer.
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62
Optical Assembly Maintenance
Spectrometer
10. Remove the PDA.
Figure 36.
PDA removed
11. Ensure the O-ring is properly seated, then install the new PDA using the
two mounting screws.
12. Re-assemble in reverse order.
See also PDA on page 145.
Spectrometer
Replace the spectrometer, as described below, when problems with the optics
are suspected and all other causes have been ruled out:
Warning
Released: MAY 2000
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
1.
Turn off the AED.
2.
Slide out the cavity assembly and water drawer as described in Moving the
cavity assembly to the service position on page 91.
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63
Optical Assembly Maintenance
Spectrometer
.
Figure 37.
Spectrometer detached from cavity assembly
3.
Disconnect the PDA ribbon cable from the PDA.
4.
Disconnect the spark plug wire and unscrew the spark plug and remove.
5.
Disconnect the lens purge and cavity vent lines.
6.
Unplug the connector at the rear of the spectrometer.
7.
Turn OFF the nitrogen purge at the source.
8.
Disconnect the spectrometer purge line using a 9/16 inch and a 7/16 inch
wrench. Plug the line and the spectrometer inlet.
9.
Take the spectrometer and cradle out of the AED and place them on a
bench.
10. Place the spectrometer so that it stands with the slit and PDA on top.
Figure 38.
Spectrometer on end
11. Remove the two screws in the PDA, and remove the PDA. Clean the
threads and mounting surfaces with clean air spray.
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Optical Assembly Maintenance
Spectrometer
12. Cover the opening.
13. Remove the lens mount liner assembly (O-ring, lens mount cone, and lens
mount liner) from the lens mount top. Be careful not to lose the
three O-rings in the lens mount liner. See Figure 39.
Figure 39.
Lens mount liner removed
14. Remove the three screws in the lens keeper and remove the lens keeper
assembly. See Figure 40.
Lens mount nut
Figure 40.
Lens keeper assembly removed
15. Remove the lens mount top and lens mount nut. Cover to keep clean.
16. Inspect the lens. Replace (or clean) as required. See Spectrometer lens on
page 67.
17. Unscrew the 2 screws in the lens mount bottom and remove. Clean the
threads and mounting surfaces with clean air spray. See Figure 41.
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Optical Assembly Maintenance
Spectrometer
Figure 41.
Lens mount bottom removed
18. Install plastic slit cover and tape cover in place.
19. Remove the four mounting screws and remove the spectrometer from the
cradle. Set the cradle aside.
20. Place new spectrometer upright, with the PDA window and slit facing up.
21. Remove the tape and cover from the new spectrometer.
22. Install the lens mount bottom. The screw near the small through hole
should be at the top of the assembly. (1 o’clock position.)
23. Place the lens mount nut over the lens mount bottom with the threads facing out. Install the lens mount top so that the pin in the lens mount bottom
fits in the hole in the lens mount top.
24. Install the lens in the lens keeper assembly, then install the lens keeper
using three screws. Be sure the O-ring is secure and undamaged. Tighten
the screws a little at a time until all are tight, and follow a circular tightening pattern. The tightening pattern is important for sealing.
25. Remove the two mounting screws in the PDA window cover and remove
the cover.
26. Install the PDA onto the spectrometer, making sure the alignment slot is
aligned.
27. Install the spectrometer into the cradle with four screws.
28. Install into AED and slide back.
29. Install the lens mount liner assembly and the spark plug to keep the assembly in place and to ensure proper alignment of the through holes in the
liner with the cutouts in the water chamber. See Figure 38 on page 64.
30. Put a light coat of Hi-Vac grease or equivalent lubricant on the bottom interior flange of the lens mount nut.
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Optical Assembly Maintenance
Spectrometer assembly
31. Slide the water drawer back into the AED and lock the emission source to
the enclosure.
32. Install the spectrometer assembly onto the optical side water chamber and
hand tighten the lens mount nut onto the threads.
33. Reinstall the spectrometer purge, the cavity vent, the lens purge, and the
spectrometer cable.
34. Reinstall the transfer line and column.
35. When complete, the pressure gauge on the panel should read 1.5 psi for the
spectrometer lens purge. If it does not, there is a leak at one of the gas
ports, at the spark plug, or at the O-ring seal. Tighten the spark plug, gas
lines, or the lens mount nut as required.
See also Spectrometer on page 144.
Spectrometer assembly
To replace the spectrometer assembly (spectrometer, cradle assembly, PDA,
and lens mount assembly):
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
1.
Turn off the AED.
2.
Disconnect the PDA to Main PCB cable from the main board.
3.
Remove the spectrometer assembly from the AED as described in Spectrometer on page 63.
4.
Replace the spectrometer assembly.
Spectrometer lens
It is most convenient to replace or clean the lens when the discharge tube is
being replaced.
Note: While a dirty lens can be cleaned, it is recommended that a dirty lens
always be replaced.
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Optical Assembly Maintenance
Spectrometer lens
Removing the lens
To remove the lens, follow the procedure described below:
Warning
1.
Shut down the AED.
2.
Move the cavity to the service position.
3.
Remove the spark plug wire, spectrometer lens purge inlet, and cavity vent
lines from the lens mount liner. Cap off the lens purge inlet.
4.
Remove the lens mount cone, lens mount liner, and lens mount liner
O-ring. Be careful not to lose the O-rings in the lens mount liner.
5.
Inspect the lens mount liner for deterioration. If the central area of the
lens mount liner is greatly discolored, or if the lens mount cone is loose
and cannot be tightened, replace the lens mount liner.
Dirt or scratches on the lens decrease AED performance. Avoid scratching the
lens. Never touch the lens with bare fingers. Always wear clean latex (or similar) gloves to handle the lens.
6.
Unscrew the three mounting screws in the lens keeper and carefully
remove it and the lens.
7.
Replace or clean the lens as needed.
Figure 42.
Released: MAY 2000
Lens keeper removed
8.
Reassemble the lens and lens keeper in reverse order. Be sure the O-ring is
secure and undamaged. Tighten the screws a little at a time until all are
tight, following a circular tightening pattern.
9.
Place the lens mount nut over the lens mount bottom, threads facing out.
Install the lens mount liner with the through holes at the 12 o’clock,
1 o’clock, and 4 o’clock position. See Figure 43.
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68
Optical Assembly Maintenance
Lens mount assembly
Figure 43.
Lens mount liner orientation
10. Reassemble the rest of the parts in reverse order.
Cleaning the lens
1.
Remove the lens as described above in Removing the lens on page 68.
2.
Wipe the lens with clean methanol and lab tissue. (Do not attempt to clean
the lens when it is inside the receiver since the O-rings holding it in place
will absorb the methanol.)
3.
Hold the lens up to the light and make sure there are no fingerprints, dirt,
or discolored areas.
4.
If the center is a different color or if the lens shows any damage, discard it
and replace it with a new lens.
Lens mount assembly
For instructions on how to remove the lens mount assembly and related hardware (listed below) for replacement, see Spectrometer on page 63.
Lens mount assembly, including:
Released: MAY 2000
•
Lens keeper
•
Lens keeper O-ring
•
Lens mount cone
•
Lens mount liner
•
Lens mount liner O-ring
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Electronics Maintenance
Replaceable components
Electronics
The AC board, sparker board, and power supply are easily replaced. In general,
no repairs are made to them in the field. The main board can be upgraded in
the field by the Customer Engineer, but again it is replaced rather than repaired
once it is determined to be defective.
Replaceable components
Main board assembly
•
ROM (upgrades only, Agilent Customer Engineer only)
•
Fuses (Agilent Customer Engineer only)
AC board assembly
•
Fuses (Agilent Customer Engineer only)
Sparker assembly
•
Sparker PCB assembly
•
Sparker assembly cable
•
Spark top brazement
•
Ignition module
•
Ignition coil
•
8 mm ignition wire
Power transformer assembly
Power supply
Water board (see Water Flow System on page 122)
AC input cable
AC input wiring assembly
Heater/sensor cable assembly
Main harness cable assembly
PDA to main cable assembly
Remote rocker switch
Released: MAY 2000
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70
Electronics Maintenance
Tools needed
Tools needed
Posi-drive
5 mm nut driver
7 mm nut driver
Chip puller
Flat head screwdriver
Two 9/16 inch open-end wrenches
Connector pin punch
Connector pin installer
Grounded wrist strap (part number 9300-0969, large, or 9300-0970, small)
Grounded work mat
AC board
Replacing the AC board
Replace the AC board as described below:
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
Caution
The following steps require protection from electrostatic discharge (ESD). Use
a grounded wrist strap (part no. 9300-0969 - large, or 9300-0970 - small) connected to a suitable ground. Failure to use a wrist strap may result in damage
to the AED electronics.
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Turn off the AED and unplug from main power.
2.
Open the top cover and remove the front lid.
3.
Remove the two wires leading to the power switch.
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Electronics Maintenance
AC board
Figure 44.
Removing connectors from AC board
4.
Remove connectors J7, P6, P1, P5, and the two leads from P2 to the remote
rocker switch.
5.
Remove the four mounting screws using a posi-drive.
6.
Lift the board out of the AED and set aside.
7.
Check the voltage selection switches on the new board and reset, if applicable. (See Table 14 below.)
8.
Install the new board.
See also:
AC board on page 147
AED does not turn ON on page 182
Troubleshooting the AC board on page 183
AC board, part no. G2350-60057 on page 212
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72
Electronics Maintenance
AC board
Figure 45.
AC board connectors
Voltage selection switches
When a new AC board is installed, the voltage selection switches may need to
be properly set before use. Set the switches as follows:
Released: MAY 2000
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73
Electronics Maintenance
AC board
Table 14. Voltage Selection Switch Settings
Country
VAC
S1 Setting
S2 Setting
Japan
100
down
up
USA
120
down
down
Europe
220/230
up
up
USA
240
up
down
Figure 46.
Switch settings for USA, 120V, AC board shown installed
Note: The AC board is installed upside down. The switch settings above
are given for the installed orientation. “Up” is toward the main board, and
“Down” is toward the bench top, as installed in the AED.
Fuses
Always try to determine the possible cause for a blown fuse before replacing
the fuse.
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
Caution
The following steps require protection from electrostatic discharge (ESD). Use
a grounded wrist strap (part no. 9300-0969 - large, or 9300-0970 - small) connected to a suitable ground. Failure to use a wrist strap may result in damage
to the AED electronics.
1.
Shut down the AED if still running.
2.
Unplug the power cord.
3.
Open the main cover.
4.
Always replace fuses F1/F2 and F3/F4 in pairs.
See also Troubleshooting the AC board on page 183 and AED does not turn ON
on page 182.
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Electronics Maintenance
High voltage power supply
High voltage power supply
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
To replace the high voltage power supply:
Always disconnect the power cord when changing the power supply on the
AED.
1.
Turn off the AED and unplug the power cord.
2.
If the shipping bracket is still installed, remove its two mounting fasteners
and remove the bracket.
3.
Attach the emission source to the water drawer and slide the drawer out
as described in Moving the Cavity Assembly to the Source Position.
4.
Disconnect the power supply connector and ground wire from the emission source assembly, and slide the drawer back into the AED.
5.
Remove the power supply cable from P4 on the AC board.
6.
Use a posi-drive to remove the power supply mounting screw.
Figure 47.
Removing power supply
7.
Loosen (do not remove) the two 7 mm nuts which secure the fire wall, and
remove the fire wall.
8.
Lift the power supply up and out of the AED.
9.
Install a new power supply. Make sure that the tab in the power supply
aligns with the slot in the enclosure bottom.
10. Reconnect the power supply to the emission source. Re-attach the ground
strap.
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Electronics Maintenance
Service display board
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, the ground strap for the magnetron power supply must always be connected to the wave guide when the AED
is in operation.
11. Reinstall the fire wall. Make sure that the cables will feed through the fire
wall without excessive stress.
See also Troubleshooting the high voltage power supply on page 184 and
Power supply on page 151.
Service display board
The service display board is an optional diagnostic tool available only to the
Agilent Customer Engineer. To install the board:
Caution
The following steps require protection from electrostatic discharge (ESD). Use
a grounded wrist strap (part no. 9300-0969 - large, or 9300-0970 - small) connected to a suitable ground. Failure to use a wrist strap may result in damage
to the AED electronics.
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
1.
Open the AED top cover.
2.
Attach the ribbon cable from the service display board to the P101 connector on the main board. See Figure 48.
Figure 48.
Released: MAY 2000
Installing the service display board
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Electronics Maintenance
Main board
Main board
Replacing the main board
Replace the main board as described below.
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
Caution
The following steps require protection from electrostatic discharge (ESD). Use
a grounded wrist strap (part no. 9300-0969 - large, or 9300-0970 - small) connected to a suitable ground. Failure to use a wrist strap may result in damage
to the AED electronics.
1.
Turn OFF the AED and unplug from main power.
2.
Open the top cover.
3.
Remove the connectors at:
J100
J102
J252
P101
P100
P500
J251
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77
Electronics Maintenance
Main board
Heat sinks
Figure 49.
Main board test points connectors
4.
Remove the eight board mounting screws using a posi-drive.
5.
Lift the board out of the AED and set aside.
6.
Verify the GPIB address on the new board is set to the default setting (15)
or the setting configured by the user. See GPIB address on page 79 below.
7.
Install a new board. Make sure that the heat sinks shown in Figure 49 do
not short to any cover.
See also Main board on page 150 and Troubleshooting the main board on
page 183.
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Electronics Maintenance
Main board
GPIB address
The GPIB controller can be set to a different address as described below.
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
Caution
The following steps require protection from electrostatic discharge (ESD). Use
a grounded wrist strap (part no. 9300-0969 - large, or 9300-0970 - small) connected to a suitable ground. Failure to use a wrist strap may result in damage
to the AED electronics.
1.
Turn OFF the AED.
2.
Open the top cover.
3.
If desired remove the main board. See Replacing the main board on
page 77.
4.
Set or reset the pins on the GPIB controller to match the proper GPIB configuration. For installed systems, reference the ChemStation Configuration
Editor for each instrument’s current GPIB address.
Pins 2,3,4 in down position
Figure 50.
Released: MAY 2000
GPIB, default setting (15)
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79
Electronics Maintenance
Main board
An address of 15 is set as follows:
Table 15. Default Settings
Switch
Setting
1
up
2
down
3
down
4
down
5 to 8
up
ROM
Three ROMs on the main board are replaceable for possible future firmware
upgrades. These ROMs are U102, U207, and U208. Replace a ROM as described
below.
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
Caution
The following steps require protection from electrostatic discharge (ESD). Use
a grounded wrist strap (part no. 9300-0969 - large, or 9300-0970 - small) connected to a suitable ground. Failure to use a wrist strap may result in damage
to the AED electronics.
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Turn off the AED.
2.
Open the cover.
3.
Using a chip remover, firmly but gently grab the ROM and pull it straight
out from its socket.
4.
Install the new chip.
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Electronics Maintenance
Sparker board
Sparker board
Figure 51.
Sparker assembly
Sparker assembly
Replace the entire sparker assembly (PCB, coil, and module) as described
below:
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, the ground strap for the magnetron power supply must always be connected to the wave guide when the AED
is in operation.
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Turn off the AED and unplug the power cord.
2.
Remove the connector at J1.
3.
Remove the spark plug wire at the spark plug.
4.
Remove the mounting screw that secures the sparker assembly to the AED
enclosure using a posi-drive.
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81
Electronics Maintenance
Sparker board
Figure 52.
Remove the mounting screw to sparker assembly
5.
Lift the sparker assembly out of the two slots in the enclosure and remove.
6.
Replace and reassemble in reverse order.
Figure 53.
Sparker board
See also Sparker board on page 152 and Sparker board, part no. 05921-60030
on page 236.
Released: MAY 2000
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82
Electronics Maintenance
Sparker board
Sparker PCB assembly
Replace the sparker board as described below:
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, the ground strap for the magnetron power supply must always be connected to the waveguide when the AED
is in operation.
1.
Turn off the AED and unplug the power cord.
2.
Open the top cover.
3.
Remove the connectors at J1 and J2.
4.
Remove the four M4 mounting screws using a posi-drive.
5.
Install a new board.
Ignition module
Replace the ignition module as described below:
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, the ground strap for the magnetron power supply must always be connected to the waveguide when the AED
is in operation.
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Turn off the AED and unplug the power cord.
2.
Open the top cover.
3.
Remove the four blade connectors.
4.
Remove the two M4 mounting screws using a posi-drive.
5.
Install a new ignition module.
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Electronics Maintenance
Transformer
Ignition coil
Replace the ignition coil as described below:
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, the ground strap for the magnetron power supply must always be connected to the waveguide when the AED
is in operation.
1.
Turn off the AED and unplug the power cord.
2.
Open the top cover.
3.
Remove the two blade connectors and the spark plug wire.
4.
Remove the four M4 mounting screws using a posi-drive.
5.
Install a new ignition coil.
Transformer
Figure 54.
Transformer
To replace the transformer:
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
Caution
The following steps require protection from electrostatic discharge (ESD). Use
a grounded wrist strap (part no. 9300-0969 - large, or 9300-0970 - small) connected to a suitable ground. Failure to use a wrist strap may result in damage
to the AED electronics.
Released: MAY 2000
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Electronics Maintenance
Transformer
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Turn the AED OFF and unplug the power cord.
2.
Remove the front lid, lower the front facing, and open the top cover.
3.
Slide the water drawer out.
4.
Remove the transformer connector on the AC board at P5.
5.
Using two 9/16 inch wrenches, remove the nut and bolt in the center of the
transformer and remove the transformer.
6.
Install a new transformer so that the wires are as shown in the picture.
Note that the lead from the transformer with the white-wrapped bundle is
on the left, and both leads exit the coil on vertical tangents. Installing the
transformer in a different orientation may cause interference with the
water drawer.
7.
Connect the new transformer to the AC board. Use a tie wrap around the
wiring if needed to keep the wires from interfering with other cables.
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Emission Source Maintenance
Replaceable components
Emission Source
Figure 55.
Emission source, waveguide, and waveguide transformer
The microwave emission source, waveguide, and waveguide transformer are
all replaced as an assembly. Other components are replaced individually as
part of routine and unscheduled maintenance.
Replaceable components
Emission source assembly (emission source, waveguide, and waveguide transformer)
Cavity heater/PRT assembly
Exit chamber
Optical side water chamber
Heater block
Discharge tube kit, including:
•
Discharge tube
•
O-ring
•
Ferrule
Gas union assembly
GC side water chamber
Released: MAY 2000
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86
Emission Source Maintenance
Tools needed
Gas union
Normally, the gas union is replaced as a whole unit, and is not disassembled.
However, if for any reason it is disassembled, it is important that the fourbellville washers are installed correctly. While holding the GC half of the gas
union facing up, install two washers so that their conical surface faces up.
Install the last two washers with their conical surfaces facing down.
Re-assemble the gas union halves.
Tools needed
Posi-drive
Flat head screwdriver
5 mm nut driver
7 mm nut driver
1/2 inch open end wrench
Two 5/16 inch open end wrenches
7/16 inch open end wrench
Small nylon screw or equivalent
Agilent-supplied nylon screw (or equivalent)
Correction fluid
Column trimming tool (part no. G2350-80610)
Needle nosed pliers
Cavity brushes (part no. 8710-1876 and 8710-1938)
2.5 mm hex key
Special handling notes and cautions
Check the unit for microwave leakage whenever any portion of the magnetron,
waveguide, or cavity to waveguide interface has been loosened or disassembled and reassembled. See Testing for microwave leakage on page 180.
Cleaning the cavity
After removing a broken discharge tube, you will need to clean the cavity
assembly to prevent small particles of glass from lodging in the water flow
paths. Such debris will shorten discharge tube life and can damage other parts
of the flow system. Clean the cavity as described below.
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Emission Source Maintenance
Cleaning the cavity
Warning
Wear safety glasses when performing this procedure.
Ultraviolet Light! To reduce risk of eye damage, never operate the G2350A
without the glass filter in the view port of the cavity. Never view the plasma by
looking directly into the open end of the discharge tube while the plasma is lit.
Caution
Caution
1.
Move the cavity into the service position.
2.
If you haven’t already done so, remove the white exit chamber and gas
union from the cavity. See Discharge tube on page 98.
3.
Remove the water lines from the cavity by pulling them off the fittings.
You do not have to remove the hose clamps to do this.
Do not spill the water from the lines onto the water drawer electronics.
4.
Run the large brush through the cavity water fittings to remove any debris.
5.
While supporting the GC and optical side water chambers, remove the
three screws that secure the chambers to the cavity assembly. Remove the
cavity heater/PRT assembly to avoid straining the wires.
6.
Lift the GC side water chamber from the cavity assembly.
Do not use solvents to clean the O-rings. Residual solvents may contaminate
your test results or degrade O-ring life.
7.
Released: MAY 2000
Use clean compressed air to blow any water off of the conical surface on
the water chamber. Carefully remove the O-ring from its seat. Inspect for
glass particles and clean any particles from the chamber using clean compressed air. If necessary, use a Kimwipe to remove glass particles stuck to
the chamber surface. See Figure 56.
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Emission Source Maintenance
Cleaning the cavity
Dry these surfaces
Figure 56.
Drying the GC side water chamber
8.
Using the small brush, clean the through hole in the GC side water chamber. Use clean compressed air to dry the O-ring seat and clean out the discharge tube through hole.
9.
Re-install the O-ring. If the O-ring is damaged, replace it.
10. Remove the optical side water chamber from the cavity. Remove the old
discharge tube O-ring from the tip of the exit cone in the chamber.
11. Use clean compressed air to blow any water and particles out of the O-ring
groove and off of the faces of the chamber. Do not remove the O-ring set
inside the optical side water chamber. If necessary, use a Kimwipe to
remove glass particles stuck to the surface.
12. Using the small brush, clean the through hole in the chamber. Use clean
compressed air to dry the chamber and clean out the discharge tube
through hole in the water jacket.
13. Clean the discharge tube through hole in the cavity using the small cleaning brush. Use clean compressed air to blow any particles of debris from
the through hole.
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89
Emission Source Maintenance
Cleaning the cavity
14. Reassemble the cavity. Hold the GC side- and optical side water chambers
in place, then install the topmost screw to hold them together. Install the
other two screws. Alternately tighten each screw until snug.
15. Inspect the fly ash filter for water contamination. If there is water in the
filter, you will need to inspect the spectrometer lens for contamination.
Clean any water or debris from the lens as described in Spectrometer lens
on page 67.
Caution
Blowing air through the lower fitting on the fly ash filter will damage the cavity
pressure gauge. Allow water below the filter to dry out through normal use.
16. If there is water in the fly ash filter, remove the filter as described in Fly
ash filter on page 116. Leave it disconnected for now. Connect clean compressed air to the lens purge tubing at the lens mount liner fitting and blow
any water through the tubing and out of the upper fly ash filter fitting.
17. Replace the fly ash filter and reassemble
18. Inspect the lens mount liner for deterioration. If the central area of the
lens mount liner is greatly discolored, or if the lens mount cone is loose
and cannot be tightened, replace the lens mount liner.
19. Reinstall the spectrometer lens, lens purge lines, sparker and sparker wire,
and lens mount liner as described in Spectrometer lens on page 67.
20. Reconnect the water tubes to the cavity fittings:
Warning
Fittings
Tube no. Flow direction
•
Left side:
1
Flow out from cavity
•
Right side:
2
Flow in to cavity
Before re-starting the AED, make sure there is no water on the AED electronics. Remove water puddles and allow electronic surfaces to dry thoroughly.
Make sure no water is inside the cavity or purge vent tubing, or the ash filter.
To avoid electrical shock, make sure the spark plug wire is attached to the
spark plug before starting the AED.
Continue with discharge tube replacement, or reassemble the cavity.
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Emission Source Maintenance
Moving the cavity assembly to the service position
Moving the cavity assembly to the service position
Figure 57.
Cavity assembly
In order to perform certain routine maintenance procedures, it is necessary to
safely move the cavity into the service position. To move the cavity into the service position, perform the following:
Warning
Wear safety glasses when performing this procedure.
High Temperature! Before touching the GC-AED column transfer line, cavity
assembly, or water reservoir, turn off the instrument. Allow it to cool to ambient temperature or wear heat resistant gloves.
Warning
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Using the ChemStation software, disable the heated zones in the AED and
the GC.
2.
Allow the GC, cavity, and heated transfer line to cool down to 35°C or less.
3.
Turn off the AED and the GC.
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
4.
Turn off the reagent gases (oxygen, hydrogen, and methane/nitrogen), but
leave the helium and nitrogen on to continue to purge air out of the
system.
5.
Open the GC oven.
6.
Use two wrenches to loosen the column nut inside the GC. Slide the nut
away from the fitting.
7.
Pull the column back a minimum of 45 mm into the GC.
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Emission Source Maintenance
Moving the cavity assembly to the service position
8.
Warning
Lower the front face and open the front lid.
Do not cut or abrade insulated surfaces. If the insulation is flaky/crumbly,
replace or seal the insulation. Wear protective clothing, eye wear and a dust
respirator until the insulation is either sealed or replaced.
9.
Using a 2.5 mm hex key, loosen the set screw in the top of the insulation
tube over the cavity until the insulation tube moves freely. Do not remove
the screw. It is not easy to reinstall.
Figure 58.
Caution
Loosening the insulation tube set screw
Be careful not to move the AED or GC. You must keep the sides of the AED and
GC parallel to each other so that the transfer line and gas union mate properly.
10. Carefully push the insulation tube off the heater block and into the GC
oven until the gas union and heated core are exposed. If necessary, gently
wiggle or twist the tube until it moves easily.
11. Using two 5/16 inch wrenches, loosen the Swagelok nut that holds the
heated core onto the gas union. Push the heated core into the insulation
until clear of the gas union. Be careful not to disturb the nut and ferrule in
the end of the heated core.
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92
Emission Source Maintenance
Moving the cavity assembly to the service position
Figure 59.
Gas union disassembly
12. Loosen the lens mount nut and slide it away from the cavity.
13. Slide the spectrometer and lens mount assemblies to the right until clear
of the cavity. Be careful not to damage the nitrogen purge line or crimp the
spectrometer cable. See Figure 60 below. You will need to lift the right
edge of the spectrometer over the lip on the sheet metal.
Figure 60.
Emission source disassembled from spectrometer
assembly
14. Remove the thumbscrew in the disconnect block. Lift the top of the block
off so that the metal tubing from the gas union is free. Gently move the
block around the lens purge tubing so it won’t entangled when you pull the
drawer out. See Figure 60.
15. Loosen the two thumb nuts on the emission source lock. Lift the lock.
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93
Emission Source Maintenance
Replacing other emission source assembly hardware
Figure 61.
Thumbnuts on the emission source lock
16. Slide the water drawer, cavity, and emission source assemblies out from
the AED until there is enough space to perform the maintenance.
Replacing other emission source assembly hardware
To remove the following parts/assemblies for replacement, see the instructions
in the sections listed below:
Table 16. Parts/Assemblies for Replacement
Released: MAY 2000
Topic
See
Exit Chamber
Discharge tube on page 98
Optical Side Water Chamber
Cleaning the cavity on page 87
GC Side Water Chamber
Cleaning the cavity on page 87
Gas Union
Discharge tube on page 98
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Emission Source Maintenance
Cavity heater/PRT assembly
Cavity heater/PRT assembly
Cavity heater/PRT assembly
Figure 62.
Cavity heater/PRT assembly
To replace the cavity heater/PRT assembly:
Warning
Warning
Released: MAY 2000
High Temperature! Before touching the GC-AED column transfer line, cavity
assembly, or water reservoir, turn off the instrument. Allow it to cool to ambient temperature or wear heat resistant gloves.
1.
Using the ChemStation software, turn off the plasma and disable the
heated zones in the AED.
2.
Allow the cavity and heated transfer line to cool down to 35°C or less.
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
3.
Turn off the AED and remove the power cord.
4.
Open the front lid.
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Emission Source Maintenance
Cavity heater/PRT assembly
Figure 63.
Warning
Disassembly
Microwaves! Never remove the screws attaching the cavity to the waveguide or
the screws which fasten the cavity halves together.
Never operate the G2350A AED when the cavity, magnetron, or waveguide are
disassembled or mechanically loose.
If stray microwave emission is suspected and/or is measured above 5 mW/cm2
at a distance of 5 cm, shut down the instrument immediately and call the Agilent Service Department for service.
5.
Unplug the heater/sensor cable from the connector at the back of the emission source assembly.
6.
Loosen the wire guide bracket on the heater PRT wires and free the wires.
7.
Pull the heater/PRT assembly out of the cavity.
8.
Cut the wires.
9.
Loosen the two screws that secure the connector in the emission source
assembly and remove the connector.
10. Punch the old heater and PRT pins from the connector with an AMP pin
extractor.
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Emission Source Maintenance
Cavity heater/PRT assembly
11. Install the wires into the connector according to the pin chart below:
Table 17. Pin Chart
Connector Pin No.
Wire
1–5
Not used
6
PRT sensor
7
PRT sensor
8
Cavity heater
9
Not used
10
Cavity heater
11
Fan, red
12
Fan, black
13
Magnetron sensor
14
Magnetron sensor
12. Push the heater through the grommet, then push the PRT through it.
13. Install the heater and PRT in the cavity, and install the connector in the
emission source assembly. Secure the wires with the guide bracket.
See also PRT resistance vs. temperature on page 179.
Released: MAY 2000
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97
Emission Source Maintenance
Discharge tube
Discharge tube
Replace the discharge tube as described below:
Column
trimming
tool
Lab tissues
Nylon screw
Column cutting
tool
Correction
fluid
DB charge tube kit
Figure 64.
Tools for replacing the discharge tube
Warning
Wear safety glasses when performing this procedure.
1.
Move the cavity into the service position. See Moving the cavity assembly
to the service position on page 91.
2.
Often the lens mount liner O-ring becomes stuck to the exit cone. Gently
remove the O-ring. Inspect the O-ring for damage. Use a new O-ring if
needed. Replace it into its seat in the lens mount liner.
Figure 65.
Released: MAY 2000
Exit chamber
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98
Emission Source Maintenance
Discharge tube
Warning
The edges of the exit cone may be sharp.
3.
Using lab tissue to cover the sharp exposed edge of the exit cone, unscrew
the exit cone from the cavity assembly and remove.
4.
Using a 5/16 inch wrench and the 1/2 inch wrench supplied in the Agilent
ship kit, loosen the gas union from the cavity.
Figure 66.
5.
The discharge tube extends into the gas union but rests in the cavity
assembly. Gently pull the gas union straight back away from the cavity
until the discharge tube is completely clear. If you angle the gas union
while pulling it out, you will break off the discharge tube in the cavity.
6.
Using needle nose pliers, gently rotate the discharge tube ferrule enough
to break the seal between the tube and the gas union, then remove the discharge tube from the gas union. See Figure 67.
Figure 67.
Released: MAY 2000
Removing the gas union
Removing the discharge tube
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99
Emission Source Maintenance
Discharge tube
7.
Dry the cavity using clean compressed air. Then clean the discharge tube
through hole in the cavity using the small cleaning brush supplied by Agilent Technologies in the ship kit. Use clean compressed air to blow any
particles of debris from the through hole.
8.
Use clean compressed air to clean the gas union. First blow air through the
column side so that any particles are blown out the discharge tube seat.
Then, blow air up from the gas union disconnect block through each of the
three tubes to the gas union.
Blow air through
this end first
Blow air through inlets
in underside of block
Figure 68.
9.
Cleaning the gas union
If the discharge tube has broken, clean the cavity, fly ash filter, and lens as
described in Cleaning the cavity on page 87.
10. Inspect the lens mount liner for deterioration. If the central area of the
lens mount liner is greatly discolored, or if the lens mount cone is loose
and cannot be tightened, replace the lens mount liner.
Caution
Do not touch the clear portions of the discharge tube with bare fingers.
11. Rinse the inside of the discharge tube with alcohol. Dry with clean compressed air.
12. Install the ferrule onto the discharge tube. Install the end with the short
taper to the right. See Figure 69 below.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
100
Emission Source Maintenance
Discharge tube
Figure 69.
Ferrule orientation
13. Gently slide the discharge tube into the cavity until it protrudes approximately 1 cm past the O-ring seat on the far side. Gently rotate if necessary.
14. Place a new discharge tube O-ring over the end of the tube on the optical
side. Avoid excessive pressure on the tube. Slide the O-ring a few millimeters down the tube.
Caution
To avoid breaking the discharge tube, make sure the gas union is exactly perpendicular to the face of the cavity during installation.
15. With the forefinger of your right hand, hold the O-ring in place while using
your left hand to carefully slide the gas union over the discharge tube and
into place in the heater block. Hand tighten the gas union nut until the ferrule begins to grip the discharge tube. The tube should slightly resist
movement. Do not fully tighten. The tube should move if pushed gently.
16. Align the gas union to the cavity as shown in Figure 70 below. Use a
wrench to tighten the gas union nut 1/8th of a turn. Do not fully tighten.
The tube should move if pushed gently.
Released: MAY 2000
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101
Emission Source Maintenance
Discharge tube
Align gas union with screw
Figure 70.
Gas union orientation
17. Using the small nylon screw provided in your ship kit, gently push the discharge tube and O-ring inward until the O-ring seats in its recess and is
flush with the discharge tube end.
18. Using lab tissue to cover the sharp edge of the exit chamber, install the
exit chamber and hand tighten.
19. Use two wrenches to tighten the gas union 1/8th of a turn. Use the
5/16 inch wrench to maintain orientation as shown in Figure 70.
20. Look through the cavity window to make sure the tube is still intact.
21. If you removed the cavity water lines while cleaning the cavity, you may
wish to perform a gross leak test now. See checking the Cavity gross leak
test on page 104. This is a recommended good practice.
22. Slide the water drawer back into the AED.
23. Reattach the spectrometer assembly to the cavity. Make sure the lens
mount nut is tight.
Warning
Released: MAY 2000
Before re-starting the AED, make sure there is no water on the AED electronics. Remove water puddles and allow electronic surfaces to dry thoroughly.
Make sure no water is inside the cavity or purge vent tubing, or the ash filter.
To avoid electrical shock, make sure the spark plug wire is attached to the
spark plug before starting the AED.
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102
Emission Source Maintenance
Discharge tube
24. Re-start the AED.
Caution
If there is a water leak, quickly shut off the AED to avoid spilling water within
the enclosure.
25. Check for water leaks. Check for leaks at the three gas tubes leading from
the gas union, at the exit chamber, at the tubing connections, and where
the gas union connects to the water chamber. If there is a leak at the gas
union, check that the gas union nut has been sufficiently tightened with a
1/2 inch wrench, and tighten the exit chamber again. Correct other leaks
as required. Shut down the AED and reassemble if required.
26. When all leaks are fixed, shut off the AED.
27. Examine the disconnect block. Make sure that the three O-rings are in
place for the gas tubes and that the bottom interface is clean. Attach the
top half of the disconnect block using the thumbscrew.
28. Cover the open end of the gas union with a spare septum. If the cavity
pressure gauge reads above 0, there are no gross leaks.
29. Loosen the thumb nut near the cavity, lower the emission source lock, and
tighten the two thumb nuts in the lock so that the cavity is attached to the
enclosure.
30. Re-attach the transfer line to the gas union.
Disconnect block
Figure 71.
Disconnect block
31. Start the AED.
32. The cavity pressure should read 1.5 psi. If the pressure is too low or too
high, check for gas leaks or obstructions.
Released: MAY 2000
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103
Emission Source Maintenance
Discharge tube
Verifying discharge tube installation
After discharge tube installation, perform a quick check to verify that the
installation will not leak.
This test requires that the discharge tube, gas union, and exit chamber are
installed, as well as the following equipment:
•
Tubing
•
Gas-tight syringe
•
Pressure gauge
•
Tee union
•
Surgical forceps or similar clamp
1.
Connect a clean air source to one of the water chamber fittings at the top
of the cavity.
2.
Attach a pressure gauge to the other fitting (may require a plug with a
gauge installed). See Figure 72 below.
Pressure
gauge
Tee-union
Tubing
Forceps
Gas-tight syringe
Figure 72.
Cavity gross leak test
3.
Released: MAY 2000
Briefly pressurize the water chamber to 40 psig. If the pressure rapidly
drops, there is a problem in the discharge tube installation. If the pressure
drop is less than 1 psi/5 min, the tube is correctly installed. A leak rate of
1 psi/min or greater indicates a leak.
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104
Emission Source Maintenance
Emission source assembly
Emission source assembly
Figure 73.
Emission source assembly
Replace the emission source assembly as follows:
Warning
Warning
Released: MAY 2000
High Temperature! Before touching the GC-AED column transfer line, cavity
assembly, or water reservoir, turn off the instrument. Allow it to cool to ambient temperature or wear heat resistant gloves.
1.
Using the ChemStation software, disable the heated zones in the AED.
2.
Allow the cavity and heated transfer line to cool down to 35°C or less.
3.
Turn off the AED.
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
4.
Disconnect the heated transfer line and heated core, and slide the spectrometer back as described in Moving the cavity assembly to the service
position on page 91.
5.
Pull the water inlet and outlet hoses from the cavity assembly.
6.
Slide the water drawer out. See Water drawer on page 133.
7.
Loosen the two thumbnuts in the emission source lock and lift the lock.
8.
Slide the emission source assembly out until the power supply cable is
accessible.
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105
Emission Source Maintenance
Emission source assembly
Heater/sensor cable
Groundwire
Power
Figure 74.
9.
Emission source connections
Disconnect the ground wire from the enclosure.
10. Remove the cable and ground wire.
11. Remove the heater/sensor cable.
Warning
Microwaves! Never remove the screws attaching the cavity to the waveguide or
the screws which fasten the cavity halves together.
Never operate the G2350A AED when the cavity, magnetron, or waveguide are
disassembled or mechanically loose.
If stray microwave emission is suspected and/or is measured above 5 mW/cm2
at a distance of 5 cm, shut down the instrument immediately and call the Agilent Service Department for service.
12. Remove the emission source assembly.
Warning
Be sure to reconnect the ground strap to the high voltage power source. Lethal
voltage could be present on the case if it is not reconnected.
13. Re-assemble in reverse order.
Warning
Check the unit for microwave leakage whenever any portion of the magnetron,
waveguide, or cavity to waveguide interface has been loosened or disassembled and reassembled.
•
Released: MAY 2000
Install the new emission source assembly into the AED with the lock
UP. After the emission source is seated, push the lock DOWN to
secure it to the AED. Slide the water drawer in and check for clearance between the drawer, cabling, and emission source assembly.
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106
Emission Source Maintenance
Emission source assembly
•
Align the tab on the emission source lock with the slot in the enclosure. Drop the lock into the slot and secure the thumbscrews.
•
Ensure that the emission source assembly engages the interconnect
switch.
•
Make sure the power supply cable is out of the way of the water
drawer.
•
Check the clearance between the drawer and cabling. Make sure the
emission source lock functions properly.
•
Reconnect the water tubes as follows:
Fittings
Tube No. Flow direction
Left side fitting:
Right side fitting:
1
2
Flow out from cavity
Flow in to cavity
14. Check for interference between the hardware at:
•
The lock and the water drawer track
•
The white washer on the lock and the drawer. The washer should fit
inside the square notch in the drawer so that the lock will fully engage
the drawer.
•
The emission source support clip (located near the door open switch)
and the drawer.
See also Emission Source on page 156.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
107
Gas Flow System Maintenance
Replaceable components
Gas Flow System
Replaceable components
Ash filter assembly
Back pressure regulator
Cavity pressure gauge
Filter tube, fly ash
Fitting–bushing
Forward pressure regulator
Gas drawer
Helium pressure gauge
Mass flow assembly
Solenoid assembly
Column adapter brazement
Heated core assembly
Heated transfer line
Insulation jacket assembly
Tools needed
Two 5/16 inch open end wrenches
Two 7/16 inch open end wrenches
9/16 inch open end wrench
Posi-drive
Gas flow meter
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
108
Gas Flow System Maintenance
Accessing the gas drawer
Accessing the gas drawer
Cavity pressure
Fly ash filter
Helium supply pressure
Figure 75.
Gas drawer (version with exterior fly ash filter shown)
There are two versions of the gas drawer in service. For AEDs with serial number < 03000208, the fly ash filter is mounted on the inside wall of the drawer
front panel. All newer AEDs have an externally-mounted fly ash filter as shown
in Figure 75.
To access the Gas Drawer for maintenance or troubleshooting:
Warning
Hydrogen Gas! To reduce risk of explosion, fire, and injury, ensure that the
hydrogen gas flow is turned off at the source and in the AED before starting
this procedure.
Warning
Effluent Gases! To reduce risk of breathing ozone and other harmful gases produced by the plasma, vent G2350A AED effluents from the side panel to a fume
hood.
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Turn off the AED.
2.
Turn off the column flow. Reduce the GC oven temperature to less than
G2350A AED Service Manual
109
Gas Flow System Maintenance
Accessing the gas drawer
40°C. Turn off all reagent flows at the AED and the source.
Figure 76.
Screw location
3.
Remove the mounting screw in the enclosure at the lower left foot of the
drawer. Remove the mounting screw on the right side of the drawer, and
just past the gas ports.
4.
Slide the drawer partially out. If needed, slide the tubing from the gas
union disconnect block out of the guide channel.
5.
Label the five gas lines leading into the drawer, and label the corresponding connections inside the drawer.
6.
Use two 5/16 inch open end wrenches to disconnect the Swagelok fittings
from the disconnect block tubing.
If necessary, remove the drawer fully:
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Turn off the helium and nitrogen flows at the source, label all inlet and outlet lines, and then remove the lines. Plug the inlet lines from the sources to
prevent contamination.
2.
Use a 9/16 inch and a 7/16 inch wrench to remove the spectrometer purge
line from the spectrometer. Plug the spectrometer's inlet.
3.
Disconnect the three stainless steel lines to the gas drawer.
4.
Disconnect the two teflon purge lines from the gas drawer.
5.
If needed, the drawer frame can be disassembled into two parts, although
the gas lines will still hold the halves together. To disassemble the drawer,
remove the seven mounting screws which hold the drawer halves
together. Five screws are located on the bottom of the drawer, and two are
along the side. This will allow more working room within the drawer. Be
careful not to stretch the gas lines too far.
G2350A AED Service Manual
110
Gas Flow System Maintenance
Changing gas cylinders
Figure 77.
Pneumatic connections
Changing gas cylinders
Gas purity is most likely compromised when gas cylinders are being changed.
Follow the procedure below for changing the gas cylinder to ensure gas purity:
Warning
Hydrogen Gas! To reduce risk of explosion, fire, and injury, ensure that hydrogen gas is only connected to the gas inlet on the side panel labeled
“HYDROGEN.”
Warning
Hydrogen Gas! To reduce risk of explosion, fire, and injury, ensure that the
hydrogen gas flow is turned off at the source and in the AED before starting
this procedure.
Released: MAY 2000
1.
If using a getter, cool it to room temperature. The getter must be at room
temperature so that it will not react with the air when the gas line is
opened.
2.
Ensure that the inside of the valve for the new tank is clean. Remove any
debris which can cause restrictions in the flow system.
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111
Gas Flow System Maintenance
Column installation/changing columns
3.
Disconnect the old cylinder and connect the new cylinder.
4.
Open and close the tank valve; then bleed the pressure out of the regulator. Repeat this five times. Open the inlet fitting at the AED to bleed the
gas through the line. Filling the line with gas a little bit at a time and bleeding the air out ensures that air will not diffuse back into the tank.
5.
Turn the gas cylinder on and use a thermal conductivity leak detector
(never use a water-based soap solution such as snoop) to check the tank
fitting and the fitting retightened at the AED. Dirty valves can be a source
of leaks. Debris can clog restrictors in the flow system. If a leak exists, a
water-based leak detector will create high hydrogen backgrounds.
Column installation/changing columns
To change the column in the GC-AED, follow the steps below:
Warning
Wear safety glasses when performing this procedure.
Do not cut or abrade insulated surfaces. If the insulation is flaky/crumbly,
replace or seal the insulation. Wear protective clothing, eye wear and a dust
respirator until the insulation is either sealed or replaced.
High Temperature! Before touching the GC-AED column transfer line, cavity
assembly, or water reservoir, turn off the instrument. Allow it to cool to ambient temperature or wear heat resistant gloves.
1.
Use two wrenches to loosen the column nut, then remove the column from
the transfer line.
Figure 78.
Released: MAY 2000
Removing column from transfer line
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112
Gas Flow System Maintenance
Column installation/changing columns
2.
If the column appears damaged at the end, resulting in broken column
pieces in the cavity, clean the cavity as described in Cleaning the cavity
on page 87.
3.
Disconnect the column from the GC inlet and remove it from the GC oven
in accordance with the 6890 GC Service Manual.
4.
Slide a column nut and graphite ferrule over one end of the new column
and install in the injector.
5.
Slide a column nut and graphite ferrule over the other column end.
6.
Insert the column into the fitting end of the column sizing tool and slide it
through until it protrudes from the open end of the tool. (Note that the version of this tool, shown below, is equivalent to the newer version delivered
in the skip kit.)
Figure 79.
Column installed in tool, column nut side
Column
Figure 80.
7.
Released: MAY 2000
Column installed in tool, before trimming
Tighten the column nut into the fitting on the tool. This properly swages
the ferrule onto the column. Use white correction fluid to mark the column just behind the nut. If the column slides in the nut, the mark will
move, showing the problem.
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113
Gas Flow System Maintenance
Column installation/changing columns
White alignment mark
Column nut
Figure 81.
Swage the ferrule onto the column
8.
Use a column cutter to score the column and cut it flush to the end of the
tool.
9.
Remove the column from the tool.
10. Install the column in the GC injector in accordance with the 6890 GC Service Manual. Condition at about 20 to 30 degrees above the highest operating temperature for one hour.
11. Slide the column into the transfer line and tighten the column nut into the
fitting. Make sure that the white correction fluid mark is still visible and
properly positioned.
12. Close the GC oven.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
114
Gas Flow System Maintenance
Solenoid valve assembly
Solenoid valve assembly
Hydrogen
High flow
Auxiliary
Oxygen
Solvent Vent
Figure 82.
Solenoid valve assemblies
To replace a solenoid valve assembly:
Warning
Hydrogen Gas! To reduce risk of explosion, fire, and injury, ensure that hydrogen gas is only connected to the gas inlet on the side panel labeled
“HYDROGEN.”
Hydrogen Gas! To reduce risk of explosion, fire, and injury, ensure that the
hydrogen gas flow is turned off at the source and in the AED before starting
this procedure.
Effluent Gases! To reduce risk of breathing ozone and other harmful gases produced by the plasma, turn off all reagent gas flows and the column flow before
starting this procedure.
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Turn OFF the AED.
2.
Remove the gas drawer. See Accessing the gas drawer on page 109.
3.
Split the drawer.
4.
Remove connecting lines.
5.
Remove the wires from the connector.
6.
Remove the solenoid assembly mounting screws.
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115
Gas Flow System Maintenance
Replacing related components
7.
Replace the solenoid and reassemble the gas drawer.
See also Solenoid will not operate on page 196 and Finding gas leaks on
page 192.
Replacing related components
Other gas drawer components are replaceable by the Agilent CE.
To replace the components listed below, see Accessing the gas drawer on
page 109.
•
Back pressure regulator
•
Cavity pressure gauge
•
Column adapter brazement
•
Fitting–bushing
•
Forward pressure regulator
•
Helium pressure gauge
•
Mass flow assembly
See also Gas Flow System on page 188, Adjusting gas flow rates on page 188,
and Finding gas leaks on page 192.
Unless otherwise noted, these components should be hand-tightened and then
given an additional 1/4 turn.
Caution
Do not use brass fittings. Use only graphite or vespel ferrules.
Fly ash filter
The fly ash filter is in the blue-green plastic cylinder located in the gas drawer
and is visible from the front of the AED. The filter keeps dirt from getting into
the back pressure regulator. Replace the fly ash filter or filter tube as follows:
If your AED serial number is ≥ US 03000208
Warning
Effluent Gases! To reduce risk of breathing ozone and other harmful gases produced by the plasma, turn off all reagent gas flows and the column flow before
starting this procedure.
1.
Released: MAY 2000
Turn off the AED.
G2350A AED Service Manual
116
Gas Flow System Maintenance
Fly ash filter
2.
Using the pliers supplied by Agilent Technologies in your ship kit, carefully press the gray capture ring on the upper fitting inward while pulling
outward on the filter tube fitting. Avoid scratching the connecting tube.
Loosen the lower fitting in the same manner. Repeat for each fitting until
the filter tube and fittings are released from the front panel of the gas
drawer. See Figure 83 below.
Gray capture
rings
Fly ash filter tube
Cavity pressure
gauge
Figure 83.
Replacing the fly ash filter
3.
Remove an elbow fitting from the filter housing.
4.
Replace the filter. be sure to install the new filter so that the arrow points
UP, against the direction of the flow.
5.
Reassemble.
6.
When the gas flows are resumed, the cavity pressure gage reading should
be the same as it was before filter replacement (usually approximately
1.5 psi).
If your AED serial number is < US03000208
Warning
Released: MAY 2000
Effluent Gases! To reduce risk of breathing ozone and other harmful gases produced by the plasma, turn off all reagent gas flows and the column flow before
starting this procedure.
1.
Turn off the AED.
2.
Pull the gas drawer out far enough to reach the filter. See Accessing the
gas drawer on page 109.
G2350A AED Service Manual
117
Gas Flow System Maintenance
Gas drawer
Figure 84.
Replacing the fly ash filter
3.
Remove teflon line to the cavity and to the solenoid valve.
4.
Replace the filter in its holder and connect the teflon lines to the cavity
and solenoid valve. Check that the arrow on the filter is against the direction of the flow. Installing the filter backwards allows the user to easily see
when the filter needs to be replaced.
5.
Turn on the AED and check for gas leaks. The cavity pressure gauge
should read 1.5 psi.
Gas drawer
Cavity pressure
Fly ash filter
Helium supply pressure
Figure 85.
Released: MAY 2000
Gas drawer
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118
Gas Flow System Maintenance
Gas drawer
To replace the gas drawer as a module:
Warning
Effluent Gases! To reduce risk of breathing ozone and other harmful gases produced by the plasma, turn off all reagent gas flows and the column flow before
starting this procedure.
Hydrogen Gas! To reduce risk of explosion, fire, and injury, ensure that hydrogen gas is only connected to the gas inlet on the side panel labeled
“HYDROGEN.”
Hydrogen Gas! To reduce risk of explosion, fire, and injury, ensure that the
hydrogen gas flow is turned off at the source and in the AED before starting
this procedure.
1.
Turn off the AED.
2.
Turn off the column flow. Set the GC oven temperature to less than 40°C.
Turn off all gas flows at the AED and the source.
Figure 86.
3.
Released: MAY 2000
Pneumatic connections
Label all input and outlet gas lines from the side of the gas drawer as
required, including the lines from the gas union and cavity. Label the connections inside the gas drawer.
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119
Gas Flow System Maintenance
Gas drawer
4.
Use a 7/16 inch wrench to remove the input line.
5.
Remove the exhaust lines.
6.
Use a 9/16 inch and a 7/16 inch wrench to remove the spectrometer purge
line from the spectrometer. Plug the spectrometer’s inlet.
7.
Remove the mounting screw in the enclosure at the lower left foot of the
drawer. Remove the mounting screw on the right side of the drawer, just
past the gas ports.
Figure 87.
Removing mounting screw
8.
Slide the drawer partially out. If needed, slide the tubing from the gas
union disconnect block out of the guide channel.
9.
Label the lines from the gas union and label the connecting lines inside the
gas drawer.
10. Use two 5/16 inch open end wrenches to disconnect the Swagelok fittings
from the disconnect block tubing. Use a 7/16 inch open end wrench to
remove the tubing from the T union in the back of the drawer.
11. Unplug the cable connector at the back of the drawer.
12. Remove the gas drawer from the AED.
13. Install a new drawer in reverse order.
See also Finding gas leaks on page 192, Gas Flow System on page 188, Solenoid will not operate on page 196, and Gas Flow System on page 157.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
120
Gas Flow System Maintenance
Insulated jacket assembly and heated core
Insulated jacket assembly and heated core
To replace the Insulated Jacket Assembly and/or Heated Core (transfer line
heater and PRT assembly):
Warning
High Temperature! Before touching the GC-AED column transfer line, cavity
assembly, or water reservoir, turn off the instrument. Allow it to cool to ambient temperature or wear heat resistant gloves.
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
Effluent Gases! To reduce risk of breathing ozone and other harmful gases produced by the plasma, vent G2350A AED effluents from the side panel to a fume
hood.
1.
Turn OFF the heated zones (including the GC oven) and allow them to
cool to ambient temperature. Turn OFF the AED.
2.
Remove the column and disconnect the transfer line (heated core and
insulated jacket assembly) from the gas union as described in Moving the
cavity assembly to the service position on page 91.
Figure 88.
Released: MAY 2000
Loosening the transfer line
3.
Loosen the nut that secures the column to the GC oven and slide the column out of the heated core.
4.
Slide the heated core out of the insulated jacket assembly. Replace the
heated core if required.
5.
Slide the insulated jacket out of the GC. Replace the insulated jacket if
required.
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121
Water Flow System Maintenance
Replaceable Components
Water Flow System
While working on the water drawer, it is usually most convenient to couple the
cavity assembly to the AED enclosure so the drawer can be removed separately.
Replaceable Components
5 µm water filter element
Hose clamps
Modified water board assembly
Pressure switch (AED serial number < US01000166)
Pump
Tubing
Water drawer control cable assembly
Flow Sensor (AED serial number < US01000166)
Tools needed
Posi-drive
Small flat head screwdriver (to adjust the water flow sensor, AED serial number < US01000166)
Keeping clean water in the system
Fill the reservoir to within 1 inch of the top with distilled water. Distilled
water will keep the system clean. Do not add algal inhibitors. Do not use
de-ionized water. De-ionized water damages the tubing and fittings and
reduces instrument performance and life.
Released: MAY 2000
•
Check the water level daily at the reservoir in the AED.
•
Add distilled water to the reservoir to maintain the level at just above the
upper fitting. If the water level drops too low, the plasma will shut off.
•
Keep the lid on the water reservoir. This avoids burn hazards and prevents
water loss through evaporation.
•
Do not put rust-prone objects in the reservoir, as rust will contaminate the
system.
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122
Water Flow System Maintenance
Pressure switch
•
If the system is to be shut down for any length of time, drain the water system to prevent algae growth.
Pressure switch
If your AED serial number is < US01000166
To replace the pressure switch:
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
Do not operate the AED with the water drawer open.
High Temperature! Before touching the GC-AED column transfer line, cavity
assembly, or water reservoir, turn off the instrument. Allow it to cool to ambient temperature or wear heat resistant gloves.
1.
Power down the AED.
2.
Remove power cord in the rear of the instrument.
3.
Remove the water drawer. See Water drawer on page 133.
4.
Remove the water board panel and switch assembly from the drawer. See
Water board on page 130.
Figure 89.
Released: MAY 2000
Replacing pressure switch
5.
Remove the switch connectors from the switch.
6.
Remove the two mounting screws holding the pressure switch in place.
Remove the water hose and clamp.
7.
Remove and replace the switch.
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Water Flow System Maintenance
Water Pump
Warning
Before re-starting the AED, make sure there is no water on the AED electronics. Remove water puddles and allow electronic surfaces to dry thoroughly.
Make sure no water is inside the cavity or purge vent tubing, or the ash filter.
To avoid electrical shock, make sure the spark plug wire is attached to the
spark plug before starting the AED.
8.
Re-assemble in reverse order.
See also Water Flow System on page 170.
If your AED serial number is ≥ US01000166
You cannot replace the pressure switch alone. If the pressure switch fails,
replace the water board. See Water board on page 130.
See also Water Flow System on page 170.
Water Pump
These instructions describe how to install a replacement water pump into a
G2350A Atomic Emission Detector.
Coupling
Pump motor
Pump head
Mounting bracket
Figure 90.
Released: MAY 2000
Water pump assembly, part no. G2350-61445
G2350A AED Service Manual
124
Water Flow System Maintenance
Water Pump
Prepare for service
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
Do not operate the AED with the water drawer open.
High Temperature! Before touching the GC-AED column transfer line, cavity
assembly, or water reservoir, turn off the instrument. Allow it to cool to ambient temperature or wear heat resistant gloves.
1.
Power down the AED and remove the power cord.
2.
Remove/pull out the water drawer.
Replace the water pump
There are three types of water pump installations, as shown in Figure 91 below.
Follow the instructions for the type of installation you have.
Released: MAY 2000
Installation Type
See Page
Type 1
126
Type 2
128
Type 3
129
G2350A AED Service Manual
125
Water Flow System Maintenance
Water Pump
Pump clamp
Hoses and clamps
Pump connector
Type 1 – Hose clamp on water drawer base
AED serial number < US01000166
Type 2 – Bracket on side of water drawer
AED serial number between
US01000166 and US03000388
Type 3 – Bracket on water drawer base
AED serial number ≥ US03000388
Figure 91.
Water pump installation types
See your Service Manual for details on general procedures, such as how to
remove and reinstall your water drawer.
Installing the water pump in a Type 1 water drawer
For this type of installation, you will remove the bracket from the new pump
and install it in the existing mounting clamp.
1.
Released: MAY 2000
Remove the water board panel and water board.
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126
Water Flow System Maintenance
Water Pump
Pump clamp
Hoses and clamps
Pump connector
Figure 92.
Caution
Removing the Type 1 water pump
When removing the fittings from the pump head, hold the assembly by the
pump head.
2.
Remove the pump connector from the water board, then remove the
hoses, clamps, and hose barbs from the old pump.
3.
Unfasten the clamp around the pump and remove the old pump.
4.
Remove the mounting bracket from the new pump by removing the four
screws that hold it onto the coupling. Reinstall the mounting screws into
the coupling.
Remove screws
Figure 93.
Released: MAY 2000
Removing the mounting bracket
G2350A AED Service Manual
127
Water Flow System Maintenance
Water Pump
5.
Install the new pump into the hose clamp and reconnect all fittings.
Installing the water pump in a Type 2 water drawer
For this type of installation, you will rearrange the mounting bracket on the
new pump and use it to install the pump onto the side of the water drawer.
Caution
When removing the fittings from the pump head, hold the assembly by the
pump head.
1.
Remove the pump connector from the water board, then remove the
hoses, clamps, and hose barbs from the old pump.
2.
Remove the old pump.
3.
Remove the mounting bracket from the coupling by removing the four
mounting screws. See Figure 94.
Remove screws
Pump head
Remove screws
Figure 94.
Released: MAY 2000
Remove the mounting bracket and loosen the coupling
4.
Remove the remaining screw securing the coupling to the pump motor.
See Figure 94.
The coupling and pump head will now rotate on the pump motor. Magnetic
attraction helps keep the parts together.
5.
Holding the pump motor steady, rotate the pump head approximately 30°
counterclockwise. See Figure 95.
6.
Install the mounting bracket directly across from the pump IN and OUT
connections.
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Water Flow System Maintenance
Water Pump
Align hole to secure
coupling to pump body.
Pump head
Pump IN and OUT
connections
Align holes for mounting
bracket.
Before
After rotating the
pump head
Pump IN and OUT
connections
Pump head
After installing the bracket
Figure 95.
Installing the bracket on the pump motor
7.
Install the remaining screw.
8.
Install the pump onto the side of the water drawer and reconnect all fittings and tubing.
Installing the water pump in a Type 3 water drawer
1.
Caution
When removing the fittings from the pump head, hold the assembly by the
pump head.
2.
Released: MAY 2000
Remove the pump connector from the water board.
Remove the hoses, clamps, and hose barbs from the old pump, then
remove it from the bottom of the water drawer.
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129
Water Flow System Maintenance
Water board
Complete the installation
Warning
Before re-starting the AED, make sure there is no water on the AED electronics. Remove water puddles and allow electronic surfaces to dry thoroughly.
Make sure no water is inside the cavity or purge vent tubing, or the ash filter.
To avoid electrical shock, make sure the spark plug wire is attached to the
spark plug before starting the AED.
1.
Close the water drawer and connect to power.
2.
Check for water leaks.
Water board
If your AED serial number is < US01000166
Figure 96.
Water board assembly
To replace the water board assembly:
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
High Temperature! Before touching the GC-AED column transfer line, cavity
assembly, or water reservoir, turn off the instrument. Allow it to cool to ambient temperature or wear heat resistant gloves.
Caution
Released: MAY 2000
The following steps require protection from electrostatic discharge (ESD). Use
a grounded wrist strap (part no. 9300-0969 - large, or 9300-0970 - small) connected to a suitable ground. Failure to use a wrist strap may result in damage
to the AED electronics.
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Water Flow System Maintenance
Water board
1.
Power down the AED.
2.
Remove the power cord in rear of instrument.
3.
Lower the front facing and remove the water drawer. See Water drawer on
page 133.
4.
Label the wires leading to the pump, fan, and water flow sensor, if needed.
5.
Remove the connectors from the board.
6.
Using a posi-drive, remove the two mounting screws which secure the
water board panel in the drawer, and remove the board and panel.
Figure 97.
7.
Warning
Board panel removal
Remove the five board mounting screws and remove the board from the
panel.
Do not operate the AED with the water drawer open.
8.
Replace and reassemble in reverse order.
See also:
Water board on page 153
Water Flow System on page 170
Water board, part no. G2350-60080 on page 237
Water board, part no. G2350-60085 on page 239
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131
Water Flow System Maintenance
Water board
If your AED serial number is ≥ US01000166
Water board
assembly
Figure 98.
Water board assembly
To replace the water board assembly:
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
High Temperature! Before touching the GC-AED column transfer line, cavity
assembly, or water reservoir, turn off the instrument. Allow it to cool to ambient temperature or wear heat resistant gloves.
Caution
Released: MAY 2000
The following steps require protection from electrostatic discharge (ESD). Use
a grounded wrist strap (part no. 9300-0969 - large, or 9300-0970 - small) connected to a suitable ground. Failure to use a wrist strap may result in damage
to the AED electronics.
1.
Power down the AED.
2.
Remove the power cord in rear of instrument.
3.
Lower the front facing and remove the water drawer. See Water drawer on
page 133.
4.
Label the wires leading to the pump, fan, and water drawer control cable,
if desired.
5.
Remove the wires from the board.
6.
Using a posi-drive, remove the two mounting screws which secure the
water board panel in the drawer, and remove the board and panel.
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132
Water Flow System Maintenance
Water drawer
Remove the screws
Figure 99.
7.
Warning
Board panel removal
Remove the five board mounting screws and remove the board from the
panel.
Do not operate the AED with the water drawer open.
See also Water board on page 153, Water Flow System on page 170, Water
board, part no. G2350-60080 on page 237 Water board, part no. G2350-60085
on page 239
Water drawer
To replace the water drawer:
Warning
Released: MAY 2000
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
1.
Power down the AED, and allow the water to cool.
2.
Pull the lower AED door down, and open the front lid.
3.
Disconnect the inlet and outlet tubing at the cavity. Connect the ends
together, or plug them to avoid leaks. Leave the tubing connected at the
water module.
4.
Slide the water drawer out.
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133
Water Flow System Maintenance
Water drawer
5.
Disconnect the heater/sensor cable assembly.
Figure 100.
6.
Push the tabs in the slide and on the bottom of the water drawer slides,
and remove the drawer from the rails.
Figure 101.
Released: MAY 2000
Heater/sensor cable assembly (serial number
< US01000166 drawer shown)
Water drawer locking tabs
7.
Install a new water drawer into the slides.
8.
Check for clearance/interference at:
•
The high voltage power supply connector on the emission source
assembly
•
The emission source support clip
•
The tubing in the drawer
•
The cables at the rear of the drawer
•
The transformer
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134
Water Flow System Maintenance
Water filter
Also verify that:
•
The white roller on the emission source assembly lock cleanly engages in
the square cutout in the drawer
•
The emission source lock locks in both positions
•
The tab on the left water drawer slide is flush with the guide rail
Figure 102.
9.
Warning
Drawer tab
Fill the new system with distilled water. See Water filling on page 37.
Do not operate the AED with the water drawer open.
Before re-starting the AED, make sure there is no water on the AED electronics. Remove water puddles and allow electronic surfaces to dry thoroughly.
Make sure no water is inside the cavity or purge vent tubing, or the ash filter.
To avoid electrical shock, make sure the spark plug wire is attached to the
spark plug before starting the AED.
10. Drain the water from the old drawer.
Water filter
If your AED serial number is < US01000166
To replace the water filter:
Warning
High Temperature! Before touching the GC-AED column transfer line, cavity
assembly, or water reservoir, turn off the instrument. Allow it to cool to ambient temperature or wear heat resistant gloves.
1.
Released: MAY 2000
Turn off the instrument. Allow the water to cool.
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135
Water Flow System Maintenance
Water filter
2.
Slide the water drawer out.
3.
Remove the three clamps and hoses leading into the water filter.
4.
Note the orientation of the outlet connectors on the filter. Unscrew the
water filter hose clamp and remove the water filter.
Figure 103.
5.
Caution
Warning
Removing water filter
Replace the water filter in the hose clamp and orient the outlet connectors
to exactly the same position as noted earlier.
The water filter must be oriented so that the outermost outlet fitting is at the
vertical or topmost position.
6.
Retighten the hose clamp.
7.
Replace the three hoses onto the water filter and tighten the three clamps.
Before re-starting the AED, make sure there is no water on the AED electronics. Remove water puddles and allow electronic surfaces to dry thoroughly.
Make sure no water is inside the cavity or purge vent tubing, or the ash filter.
To avoid electrical shock, make sure the spark plug wire is attached to the
spark plug before starting the AED.
Before re-starting the AED, make sure there is no water on the AED electronics. Remove water puddles and allow electronic surfaces to dry thoroughly.
Make sure no water is inside the cavity or purge vent tubing, or the ash filter.
To avoid electrical shock, make sure the spark plug wire is attached to the
spark plug before starting the AED.
Released: MAY 2000
8.
Turn on the AED.
9.
Observe the water flow, making sure there are no leaks. Correct any leaks.
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136
Water Flow System Maintenance
Water filter
Caution
If there is a water leak, quickly shut off the AED to avoid spilling water within
the enclosure.
10. Refill the reservoir with distilled water to just above the upper fitting.
See also Pump cycles very fast, then slow on page 203.
If your AED serial number is ≥ US01000166
To replace the water filter:
Warning
High Temperature! Before touching the GC-AED column transfer line, cavity
assembly, or water reservoir, turn off the instrument. Allow it to cool to ambient temperature or wear heat resistant gloves.
1.
Turn off the instrument. Allow the water to cool.
2.
Slide the water drawer out.
3.
Remove the two clamps and hoses leading into the water filter.
See Figure 104.
4.
Note the orientation of the outlet connectors on the filter. Unscrew the
water filter hose clamp and remove the water filter.
Remove hose and clamp
Remove hose
and clamp
Figure 104.
5.
Caution
Released: MAY 2000
Removing the water filter
Replace the water filter in the hose clamp and orient the outlet connectors
as shown in Figure 104.
The water filter must be oriented so that the outermost outlet fitting is at the
vertical or topmost position.
6.
Retighten the hose clamp.
7.
Replace the hoses onto the water filter and tighten the clamps.
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137
Water Flow System Maintenance
Flow sensor
Warning
Caution
Before re-starting the AED, make sure there is no water on the AED electronics. Remove water puddles and allow electronic surfaces to dry thoroughly.
Make sure no water is inside the cavity or purge vent tubing, or the ash filter.
To avoid electrical shock, make sure the spark plug wire is attached to the
spark plug before starting the AED.
8.
Turn on the AED.
9.
Observe the water flow, making sure there are no leaks. Correct any leaks.
If there is a water leak, quickly shut off the AED to avoid spilling water within
the enclosure.
10. Refill the reservoir with distilled water to just above the upper fitting.
See also Pump cycles very fast, then slow on page 203.
Flow sensor
If your AED serial number is < US01000166 (only)
To replace the water flow sensor:
Warning
Released: MAY 2000
High Temperature! Before touching the GC-AED column transfer line, cavity
assembly, or water reservoir, turn off the instrument. Allow it to cool to ambient temperature or wear heat resistant gloves.
1.
Turn off the AED and allow the water to cool.
2.
Lower the front facing.
3.
Remove the water drawer. See Water drawer on page 133.
4.
Remove the water board panel and switch assembly from the drawer. See
Water board on page 130.
5.
Loosen the water pump clamp and move the pump aside. See Water Pump
on page 124.
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138
Water Flow System Maintenance
Flow sensor
Water flow sensor
Sensor clamps
Mounting screws
Loosened pump
Figure 105.
Replacing the flow sensor
6.
Remove the connector from the sensor.
7.
Remove the two hoses, clamps, and hose barbs from the sensor.
8.
Remove the two mounting screws from the sensor.
9.
Replace.
10. Install in reverse order.
Warning
Before re-starting the AED, make sure there is no water on the AED electronics. Remove water puddles and allow electronic surfaces to dry thoroughly.
Make sure no water is inside the cavity or purge vent tubing, or the ash filter.
To avoid electrical shock, make sure the spark plug wire is attached to the
spark plug before starting the AED.
Do not operate the AED with the water drawer open.
11. Turn on the AED.
12. Observe the water flow, making sure there are no leaks. Correct any leaks.
Caution
If there is a water leak, quickly shut off the AED to avoid spilling water within
the enclosure.
13. Refill the reservoir with distilled water to just above the upper fitting.
The new flow sensor switch may require adjustment. To adjust the new flow
sensor, turn the adjusting screw fully clockwise, then back it off until the flow
LED goes off. (Turning the screw clockwise decreases the flow rate and turning it counterclockwise increases the flow rate.)
Released: MAY 2000
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139
Water Flow System Maintenance
Flow sensor
Figure 106. Potentiometer
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
140
3 Theory of Operation
Overview ................................................................................. 142
Optical Assembly ................................................................... 144
Spectrometer ........................................................................... 144
PDA ........................................................................................... 145
Electronics ............................................................................. 146
AED electronics ....................................................................... 146
AC board .................................................................................. 147
Main board ............................................................................... 150
Sparker board .......................................................................... 152
Water board ......................................................................... 153
Power supply ........................................................................... 154
Service display board .............................................................. 155
Emission Source .................................................................... 156
Emission source assembly ..................................................... 156
Emission source safety switch .............................................. 156
Gas Flow System ................................................................... 157
Overview ................................................................................... 157
Flow modes .............................................................................. 158
Gas drawer ............................................................................... 165
Solenoids .................................................................................. 167
Water Flow System ............................................................... 170
Water drawers using a flow sensor ....................................... 170
Water drawers without a flow sensor ................................... 172
Water drawer sensors, switches, and connections ............. 174
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141
Overview Theory of Operation
Overview
The AED is an analytical device which uses the characteristic energy emitted
by atoms in a plasma state to identify the substances present in an input gas
flow. Input gas from the GC is fed through a transfer line and into the AED. It is
joined by a stream of makeup gas containing additional reagents, and flows
through a cavity where the gases are ionized into plasma by electrical and
microwave energy. Because of the high energy state in the plasma, the substances are broken down into atoms, ions, or free radicals. As they return to
ground state, they emit radiation (light) in characteristic bandwidths. This radiation travels through a lens and into a spectrometer. The gases are vented.
The light entering the spectrometer passes through a narrow slit and is
reflected by a mirror onto a reflective holographic grating. The grating breaks
the light into discrete bandwidths and disperses the light along a flat focal
plane. See Figure 107 below. A motor rotates the grating to reflect the desired
range of wavelengths onto a second mirror and then onto a photo-diode array
(PDA). The PDA determines the specific characteristic wavelengths present
and transmits this data to the AED main board and the ChemStation software.
The data is analyzed and the composition of the input gas is determined.
Figure 107.
Focal plane diagram with common emission regions
The element characteristic wavelengths detectable using the G2350A AED are
given in Table 18 below.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
142
Overview Theory of Operation
Table 18. Table of Spectral Lines
B
F
N
S
249.773*
685.602*
174.272*
180.734*
182.587
690.246
746.831
182.036*
744.230
182.626
(same as S)
Br(II)
H
O
S(II)
481.670
656.285*
170 (CO band)*
545.388
470.485
486.133*
777.539
478.550*
434.047
777.194
410.174
777.417
C
He
P
Se
193.090*
471.338
253.561
203.985
247.856*
706.519
255.325
196.090
495.724 (2nd)*
253.561
253.399
Si
251.611*
Cd
Hg
255.490
228.802
253.652
178.287*
326.105
184.950
178.768*
Sn
255.490
283.999
Cl(II)
I
213.547
286.332
479.454*
206.238
213.618
303*
481.006*
206.163
214.914
271*
481.946*
180*
186*
725.665
I (II)
Pb
837.597
466.648
217.558
516.120
283.307*
533.822
405.782*
542.325
562.569
*Line used in the G2350A AED
Released: MAY 2000
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143
Optical Assembly Theory of Operation
Spectrometer
Optical Assembly
The optical assembly consists of a spectrometer (including a grating, mirror,
and grating motor), PDA, and preamplifier assembly. These components break
down the emitted energy and sort it for analysis by the ChemStation. The optical assembly components are briefly described below.
Spectrometer
The spectrometer focuses emitted light and directs it onto the PDA for detection. The light emitted by the excited atoms passes through a fused silica lens
and through a slit in the spectrometer. The lens prevents cavity gases from
entering the spectrometer. A constant helium purge on the cavity side keeps
the lens clean and free of contamination.
Inside the spectrometer, the light is reflected off two fixed mirrors and a moveable holographic grating. The holographic grating disperses the light into
discrete vertical bands and focuses them in a horizontal plane. These characteristic bands are ordered by wavelength, from 160 nm on the left to 800 nm on
the right. Since the PDA is not wide enough to measure all of the bandwidth at
the same time, a motor is used to rotate the grating so that only a 20 to 26 nm
bandwidth is reflected onto the PDA at any one time. The grating rotates
through about 5 nm per second, so that about two minutes are required to
move from 160 nm to 800 nm. See Figure 108 below.
Figure 108.
Released: MAY 2000
Light path
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144
Optical Assembly Theory of Operation
PDA
Moisture and oxygen in the spectrometer cause a loss of sensitivity, particularly in the UV range. To prevent this, the unit is purged with 400 mL/min of
nitrogen. A short tube acts as a restrictor to maintain an internal back pressure
of 0.5 psi. A fixed restrictor in the spectrometer inlet controls the purge flow
rate when the nitrogen pressure is set at 40 psi at the tank.
A switch is mounted on the grating motor assembly in the spectrometer to
monitor the motor function. It is in series with the cavity PRT circuit. If the
grating moves too far, the switch opens and the high voltage to the emission
source is stopped. Similarly, if the switch fails (open), or if the spectrometer
cable is not fully connected, the high voltage is stopped and will not start. See
also Figure 107 and Plasma shut off circuits, on page 177.
PDA
The PDA consists of 512 photo-sensitive diodes which register the intensity of
light directed at their surface. As the light from the mirror is splayed across the
PDA surface, diodes receiving light from atomic lines send out a voltage which
is relayed to the PDA preamplifier board. The intensity of light determines the
voltage transmitted by the diodes. The PDA uses four to five pixels per nanometer. The PDA preamplifier board amplifies the analog output signals from the
512 diodes and transmits them to the A/D converter on the main board for processing. In this way, the characteristic atomic lines of each element present
can be isolated and the composition of the compound determined.
Since the output voltage from a diode depends on the quantity of photons striking its surface, PDA function is affected by the following spectrometer and
assembly conditions:
•
Contamination in the optical assembly, whether gaseous or deposited
•
Mirror alignment
•
Grating alignment
•
Mounting of the PDA to the spectrometer
See Table 18 for a listing of spectral lines.
Released: MAY 2000
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145
Electronics Theory of Operation
AED electronics
Electronics
AED electronics
The AED electronics consist of four printed circuit boards (PCB’s), the power
supply, and associated cables and wires. The four boards are the AC board, the
main board, the sparker board, and the water board. A fifth board, the service
display board, is a diagnostic device sometimes used by the Agilent Customer
Engineer.
Mainboard
AC board
Sparker board
Figure 109.
Released: MAY 2000
AED electronics
G2350A AED Service Manual
146
Electronics Theory of Operation
AC board
AC board
Voltage selection switches
Fuses
Figure 110.
AC board
The AC board works in conjunction with the transformer to condition and
supply power to all AED components. Specifically, the AC board:
•
Transforms incoming AC voltage (100 V, 120 V, 220/230 V, or 240 V) into
40 V AC for the main board fused DC power supply and into 120 V AC for
the heated zones using fused contactor K2.
•
Provides primary power to the 2340 V DC magnetron through fused contactor K1.
•
Provides zero crossing line sense signals for AC heater control.
•
Controls the magnetron temperature.
•
Provides line voltage selection.
•
Provides line filtering.
•
Specific board elements are described below.
Figure 111.
Released: MAY 2000
Board elements
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147
Electronics Theory of Operation
AC board
Input voltages (listed by country)
The AED can operate using any one of the following voltages:
Table 19. Input Voltages
V AC
Country
100 V
Japan
120 V
USA
220/230 V
Europe
240 V
USA
Voltage selection settings
Two switches, S1 and S2, are factory preset to select the incoming line voltage
according to country of use. Refer to the following chart for voltage selection
settings according to country:
Table 20. Voltage Selection Settings
Country
V AC
S1 Setting
S2 Setting
Japan
100
up
down
USA
120
up
up
Europe
220/230
down
down
USA
240
down
up
See also Voltage Selection Switch Settings, on page 74.
Heated zones
There are two zones in the AED which require heating in order to operate properly:
•
The transfer line (Q1)
•
The cavity (Q2)
The temperature of these two heated zones is controlled by the main board
using a relay and opto-isolators on the AC board. The main board uses thermal
sensor data to determine whether to turn the heating ON or OFF. The board
can control a third heated zone, Q3, but this zone is not used on the G2350A.
See also Table 23 in chapter 4, Diagnostics.
Released: MAY 2000
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148
Electronics Theory of Operation
AC board
Opto-isolator
The AC board uses three opto-isolators to control the power to the heaters. The
opto-isolators isolate 120 V AC and deliver it to the triacs controlling the heaters (Q1, Q2, Q3) when activated by the main board.
Magnetron temperature control circuit
The magnetron operates most efficiently at 94°C and is cooled by a variable
speed fan to maintain that temperature. The control circuit on the AC board
operates the fan as follows:
•
Below 94°C, the fan does not run.
•
At 94°C, the fan starts.
•
If the temperature increases while above 94°C, the fan speed increases.
•
If the temperature decreases while above 94°C, the fan speed decreases.
•
If the temperature goes above 175°C, there is a temperature runaway problem. The fan runs at full speed and the power to the magnetron is shut
down.
The PRT reads 147 ohms at 94°C. The AC board compares the actual PRT resistance to a set point of 147 ohms and adjusts the variable speed fan accordingly.
See also PRT resistance vs. temperature, on page 179.
Contactors
The AC board uses two contactor switches to deliver power on command. The
first, K1, enables 120 V to get to the heated zone circuitry. Contactor K2 provides low voltage power to the high voltage power supply when all components
of the instrument are ready for plasma ignition.
High voltage enable
The high voltage enable circuit uses a wire running from the AC board to the
high voltage power supply. At a signal from the main board, the voltage in this
wire drops to 0.2–0.3 V and the power supply delivers 2340 V to the magnetron.
A relay controls primary power to the high voltage power supply.
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149
Electronics Theory of Operation
Main board
Main board
Figure 112.
Main board
The main board provides most of the control logic for AED operation, including the switching functions of the AC board. The board receives the input data
from the ChemStation and translates them into the specific tasks required to
run the AED. The following is a summary list of tasks:
•
Monitors and controls temperature in the cavity, microwave emission
source, and transfer line.
•
Monitors the water board operation.
•
Monitors the status of the other internal components (verifies plasma
shutoff circuits).
•
Controls the ignition spark, the microwave emission source, the high voltage power supply, the optical assembly, and all the gas flows.
•
Communicates with the ChemStation.
The main board can be divided into six functional parts:
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•
Power supply
•
Processor (CPU, RAM, and ROM)
•
I/O control (GPIB communications control)
•
Motor control
•
PDA control
•
Solenoid control
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Electronics Theory of Operation
Main board
Power supply
Input power of 40 V AC enters the main board (at P500) and goes through two
fuses (F501 and F500). If one of these fuses is blown, a capacitor holds up the
voltage. The 40 V AC is first converted to unregulated 24 V DC, which is then
regulated by a +5 V DC regulator and a ±15 V DC regulator. The +5 V DC is
used by the processors on the main board, and the ±15 V DC is used on the
sparker board, the AC board, other sections of the main board, and the PDA.
Processor (CPU, RAM, and ROM)
The main processor of the AED is a Motorola 6809E microprocessor. It talks to
ROM, power-fail protected static RAM (a capacitor is used to maintain RAM
settings during a power-failure), a dual-port RAM shared with the A/D processor, and a dynamic RAM buffer. The I/O system includes a front panel display,
GPIB, valve drivers, three motors, remote start/stop, three heated zones, and
various on/off controls for microwaves, lamps, and water cooling.
I/O control (GPIB communications control)
A GPIB address is factory set for proper parallel communication between the
AED I/O bus and the ChemStation. The address is set by manual switches and
is not software selectable.
Motor control
The main board controls the stepper motor which focuses the mirror reflecting
emitted light onto the PDA assembly. Control logic automatically aligns the
system to correspond with the detection bandwidth input by the user.
PDA control
The main board receives the raw analog data coming from the PDA preamplifier, converts it to digital data, and routes it through the I/O Bus to the GC-AED
ChemStation.
Solenoid control
The main board controls the five gas flow solenoids based on reagent makeup
selection and total gas flow requirements input by the user. Drive transistors
activate the triacs which send the control voltage to each solenoid.
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Electronics Theory of Operation
Sparker board
This section of the main board also controls the three sets of opto-isolators and
triacs which control the heated zones. Zone Q1 is the transfer line, zone Q2 is
the cavity, and zone Q3 is not used.
See also Table 23 in chapter 4 Troubleshooting, on page 175.
Sparker board
Figure 113.
Sparker board
The sparker board generates the electrical pulse which, along with the microwave energy, converts the gases in the cavity into plasma. The main board controls the sparker board.
The sparker board consists of the following three parts:
•
Regulator board
•
Ignition module
•
Ignition coil
Regulator board
The regulator board receives power inputs of 24 V and 5 V DC. The 24 V input is
filtered and regulated to charge a capacitor to 13.6 V DC. The 5 V input is filtered and sent to power the board circuitry.
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Electronics Theory of Operation
Water board
Ignition module
The main board instructs the ignition module to trigger. The ignition module
gives off a spark which interrupts the flow of the 13.6 V DC supply through the
primary. At this instant, 20 kV travels out of the sparker on the ignition module/
coil, down the spark plug wire, and directly down the discharge tube through
microwave energy. As long as conditions in the cavity are acceptable, the
plasma is ignited or “triggered” as the spark travels through the microwave
energy.
Ignition coil
The ignition coil increases the initial ignition pulse from 13.6 V up to 20 kV.
Water board
G2350–60080
Figure 114.
G2350–60085
Water boards
G2350-60080
The water board regulates the discharge tube temperature while the AED is on
and controls the AED cooling fan. It monitors a water flow sensor and contains
a pressure switch to confirm coolant flow. The water board also compares the
flow sensor information to set points to determine the appropriate coolant
flow rate. The board then varies the water pump speed accordingly. The pressure switch and a relay attached to the flow sensor are connected in series to
connector J252 on the main board. If the either switch or the relay opens, the
main board stops the 24 V power to the water board and the power to the magnetron to prevent plasma ignition. The main board notifies the user of the
potential problem. The relay opens when the output from the flow sensors is
less than 2.5 V. During start-up, the main board allows for a delay of approximately 30 seconds for the water pump to pressurize the system.
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Power supply
The water drawer cooling fan runs at a constant rate while the AED is ON.
A diagnostic LED on the water board flashes when the measured flow rate
drops below 375 mL/min. The light continues to flash even when the flow rate
drops below 250 mL/min and the pump stops.
G2350-60085
The water board regulates the discharge tube temperature while the AED is on
and controls the AED cooling fan. It monitors a water flow sensor and contains
a pressure sensor to confirm coolant flow. The board then varies the water
pump speed accordingly. The pressure switch is connected in series to connector J252 on the main board. If the switch opens, the main board stops the 24 V
power to the water board and the power to the magnetron to prevent plasma
ignition. The main board notifies the user of the potential problem.
The water drawer cooling fan runs at a constant rate while the AED is ON.
Power supply
The high voltage power supply delivers both the filament current of 8 A at 2 V,
and the magnetron current of 60 mA at 2340 V. The power supply has two connectors, one running to the AC board and the other to the magnetron. It is
attached to the AC board by four wires: hot, neutral, ground, and high voltage
enable. When the AED is first powered on, AC voltage runs to the auto-sensing
power supply at standard house voltage. Power is immediately supplied to the
main board. When settling time has passed, the main board enables the contactor to close the circuit to the power supply, starting the low voltage power flow
to the filament. The low power meter on the power supply should read about
8 A (4 A × 2 for scale). When the main board verifies that all conditions are
acceptable (water flow, water temperature, heated zone temperatures, interlocks, etc.), the voltage in the high voltage enable wire drops to about 0.2–0.3 V,
and 60 mA at 2340 V AC flows from the power supply to the magnetron.
The high voltage circuit is a “latched” circuit. If the circuit is ever over-energized, it must bleed off before the power supply will function properly. This
may take several minutes to several hours.
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Electronics Theory of Operation
Service display board
Service display board
The service display board is an optional diagnostic tool available only to the
Agilent Customer Engineer. It can be plugged into P101 on the main board as a
troubleshooting tool if the computer is either down or is not registering the
AED self diagnostics at start-up. If the AED is operational, the display board
will show the results of the self-diagnostics as it starts up.
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Emission Source Theory of Operation
Emission source assembly
Emission Source
Figure 115.
Emission source
Emission source assembly
The AED magnetron generates an intense microwave field which is directed
toward the cavity by the wave guide. The microwave radiation is impedance
matched by the wave guide transformer and focused on the discharge tube by
the cavity chamber. As the spark generated by the ignition module travels
through the microwave energy, the microwave energy ionizes the gases in the
discharge tube and the plasma is formed. The magnetron is controlled by the
main board through the high voltage power supply, and is cooled by a variable
speed fan.
Emission source safety switch
A safety switch is located on the enclosure wall behind the emission source
and the water drawer. This switch is in series with the switch on the spectrometer grating motor and with the cavity PRT so that when it opens, the main
board assumes the cavity is too hot and prevents high voltage from reaching
the magnetron. This feature ensures that the AED magnetron shuts down if the
water drawer is opened while the cavity and emission source assembly are
attached to it. See also Plasma shut off circuits, on page 177.
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Gas Flow System Theory of Operation
Overview
Gas Flow System
Overview
The gas flow system in the AED controls the flow of five gases which are used
to generate plasma, increase test sensitivity, and purge sensitive items of contamination. Sample gases flow from the column into the transfer tube where
they are merged with makeup and reagent gases before entering the discharge
tube. Gases exiting the discharge tube are vented to the front of the gas drawer.
Purge gases flow over the spectrometer lens and the spectrometer to keeping
them clean and dry. The purge gases are then vented.
or
CH4
Figure 116.
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Gas flow system
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Gas Flow System Theory of Operation
Flow modes
The AED uses the following gases:
Table 21. Gases Used in AED
Gas
Use
Helium
Added to the sample gas flow from the column to achieve a sufficient flow
through the AED cavity. Makes the plasma.
Spectrometer lens purge
Nitrogen
Spectrometer purge only
Oxygen
A reagent gas. Increases sensitivity to certain elements
Hydrogen
A reagent gas. Increases sensitivity to certain elements
CH4/N2
A reagent gas. Increases sensitivity to certain elements
Methane
A reagent gas. Increases sensitivity to certain elements
Flow modes
By varying the composition of the gas mixture and the overall amount of gas,
the AED operates in one of five primary and three secondary flow modes.
These flow modes are:
•
Standby
•
Basic operation
•
High flow
•
Solvent vent
•
Calibration
•
+Reagent gas
The mode in use depends on the current analysis being run or the operational
state of the instrument. The flow modes are created when the main board energizes different combinations of the five solenoid valves controlling the gas
flows through the manifolds, tubing, restrictors, and cavity.
The flow modes are described below. The flow rates given are measurable at
the cavity purge outlet when:
•
The ferrule vent is closed.
•
The cavity pressure is set at 1.5 psi.
•
The cylinder head pressures are set according to the procedures listed
under Connecting gas piping, on page 30.
Note that the spectrometer lens purge is fixed at 25 mL/min, and the sample
flow from the GC is not included in the total.
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Gas Flow System Theory of Operation
Flow modes
Standby
Description: Spectrometer lens purge flow (He), standard helium flow through
the discharge tube, oxygen flow turned on.
•
Solenoid(s) energized: O2
•
Total flow rate: 85+ mL/min
Gas flow system
Window purge
Makeup gases
Cavity flow detail
Figure 117.
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Gas flow system in standby mode
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Gas Flow System Theory of Operation
Flow modes
Basic operation
Description: Spectrometer lens purge flow (He), standard helium flow through
the discharge tube, plus any desired reagents.
•
Solenoid(s) energized: Any reagent (O2, H2, CH4/N2)
•
Total flow rate: 80+ mL/min +5 mL/min per reagent
Gas flow system
Window purge
Makeup gases
Cavity flow detail
Figure 118.
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Gas flow system in basic operation flow mode
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Gas Flow System Theory of Operation
Flow modes
High flow
Description: An additional 120 mL/min of helium increases the flow through
the discharge tube to boost sensitivity and to prevent the GC gases from reacting with the discharge tube.
•
Solenoid(s) energized: High flow, any Reagent (O2, H2, CH4/N2)
•
Total flow rate: 150 to 300 mL/min
Gas flow system
Window purge
Makeup gases
Cavity flow detail
Figure 119.
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Gas flow system in high flow mode
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Gas Flow System Theory of Operation
Flow modes
Solvent vent
Description: With the vent closed, the lens purged flow is forced to back-flow
through the discharge tube to prevent solvent spike contamination. The gases
flow through the solvent vent solenoid and out to waste for a time set using the
ChemStation.
•
Solenoid(s) energized: Solvent vent
•
Total flow rate: 80+ mL/min
Gas flow system
Window purge
Makeup gases
Cavity flow detail, solvent vent ON
Figure 120.
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Gas flow system, in solvent vent mode
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Gas Flow System Theory of Operation
Flow modes
Calibration mode (N2 and O2 lines)
Description: Helium lens purge gas is routed through the spectrometer side of
the cavity to back-flow through the discharge tube. N2 and O2 leech through the
bypass tube, reach the plasma, and register at the PDA for calibration.
•
Solenoid(s) energized: Solvent vent
•
Total flow rate: 25 mL/min
Gas flow system
Window purge
Makeup gases
Cavity flow detail, solvent vent ON
Figure 121.
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Gas flow system in calibration mode
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Gas Flow System Theory of Operation
Flow modes
+Reagent mode (three reagents)
Description: A small flow of reagent gas adds to the overall flow to the cavity.
•
Solenoid(s) energized: as described above plus any reagent(s)
(O2, H2, CH4/N2)
•
Total flow rate: +5 to 10 mL/min each
Gas flow
Window purge
Makeup gases
Cavity flow detail
Figure 122.
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Gas flow system in + reagent mode
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Gas Flow System Theory of Operation
Gas drawer
Note that under normal operating conditions, approximately 20 mL/min flows
out the ferrule vent.
Components
The system consists of the following components:
•
Gas drawer (which houses most of the system)
•
Two manifolds
•
Five solenoids
•
Tubing and fittings
Gas drawer
All of the AED gas system components (except some tubing and fittings) are
contained in the gas drawer assembly. The gas drawer contains:
•
Five inlet and eight outlet ports
•
Five solenoids
•
Manifolds
•
One manual flow controller
•
Two pressure regulators
•
Fly ash filter
Inlets and outlets
There are four sets of inlet and exhaust connections on the side of the gas
drawer:
Inlets:
Inlet vents:
Bypasses:
Exhaust vents:
He, N2, O2, H2, CH4/N2 (Aux)
O2, H2, CH4/N2 (Aux)
O2, H2, CH4/N2 (Aux)
ferrule vent,
cavity vent
Flow control
Flow control is provided by the forward and back pressure regulators, one
manual flow controller, five solenoids, manifolds, and 17 fixed pneumatic
restrictors.
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Gas Flow System Theory of Operation
Gas drawer
Manifold 2
Distributes incoming helium to manifold 1, the high flow solenoid, and the
spectrometer lens purge. The manifold is gauged to show incoming pressure
[30 psi (207 kPa)].
Manifold 1
•
Distributes helium to the incoming reagent gas lines and the manual flow
controller.
•
Receives incoming reagent gases and any helium from the high flow solenoid and distributes the reagent/helium mixture to the reagent solenoids
while exhausting excess reagent flow to vent.
•
Receives incoming reagent gases from the solenoids, combines them with
the main helium flow, and directs the combined flow to the cavity.
•
Uses restrictors one through six to vent approximately 20 mL/min of each
reagent through to vent, and allows approximately 0.1 mL/min each to
flow through to the reagent solenoids.
•
Uses restrictors seven through nine to allow 4 mL/min of helium to merge
with the reagent gases and augment their flow and delivery times.
•
Uses restrictors 10 through 12 to regulate the flow rate out of the reagent
solenoids.
Solenoids
The solenoids are controlled by the main board through the main harness cable
assembly at P100. The solenoids set the flow mode (see Gas Flow System, on
page 157 and Solenoids, on page 167).
Forward pressure regulator
The forward pressure regulator is used to manually adjust the flow rate of
incoming helium. The inlet pressure in manifold 2 registers on a pressure gauge
on the front panel and is always set to 30 psi.
Back pressure regulator
The back pressure regulator controls the flow exiting through the cavity vent
and is normally set to 1.5 psi. The pressure gauge is on the front panel.
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Gas Flow System Theory of Operation
Solenoids
Example of reagent and helium flow
When oxygen is selected during basic operational flow mode, about 20 mL/min
flows from the cylinder regulator to the restrictors R1 and R4. Most of the gas
flows out R1 to the O2 vent on the gas drawer front panel, and approximately
0.1 mL/min flows through R4. A flow of approximately 4 mL/min of helium
exits through manifold 1, passing through R7, and merges with the oxygen to
help carry it more quickly. This mixture flows through R10 at about 4 mL/min
and joins the main gas flow in the lower portion of manifold 1. The majority of
the mixture flows into the cavity, and small amounts flow out through R11,
R12, and to the bypass vent. The total makeup and reagent flow is about
50 mL/min. A flow of 20 mL/min is used to purge the column ferrule, giving an
actual makeup flow into the plasma of approximately 30 mL/min.
If two reagents are turned on, the total flow is approximately 60 mL/min, and
the actual makeup flow into the plasma is approximately 40 mL/min.
Spectrometer lens purge
A flow of 25 mL/min of helium passes a pressure gauge and over the spectrometer lens to keep it clean and dry. This flow is never turned off under normal
conditions.
Solenoids
The main board controls five solenoids which direct the flow of gases within
the gas flow system. Each solenoid is triggered by a 24 V signal from the main
board. The solenoids are normally in the closed (de-energized) position, which
puts the AED into the basic run flow mode. The five solenoids are:
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•
High flow (helium), s5
•
Auxiliary, s3
•
Oxygen, s1
•
Hydrogen, s2
•
Solvent vent, s4
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Gas Flow System Theory of Operation
Solenoids
Figure 123.
Solenoids (in de-energized state)
Hydrogen
High flow
Auxiliary
Oxygen
Solvent vent
Figure 124.
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Solenoid locations
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Gas Flow System Theory of Operation
Solenoids
The reagent and auxiliary gas solenoids direct flow into either manifold 1 or a
bypass outlet on the side of the gas drawer, depending on whether each
reagent gas is required.
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Water Flow System Theory of Operation
Water drawers using a flow sensor
Water Flow System
Water drawers using a flow sensor
Some G2350A water drawers use a flow sensor. If your water drawer looks like
Figure 125, it is described below.
Flow sensor
Relay on back of water
board panel
Figure 125.
Water drawer with flow sensor
The water flow system pumps distilled water over the discharge tube to maintain a safe operating temperature in the tube. The system is controlled by the
water board. A 9 to 21 V DC variable-speed pump with a magnetically coupled
head circulates 370 to 430 mL/minute through the instrument for cooling. A
Hall Effect rotometer measures the flow rate with 1 volt output equal to 100 mL
linear. If the water flow drops below 250 mL/minute, the high voltage to the
magnetron is stopped and plasma ignition is prevented. The water passes
through a 5 micron, 70 mL capacity filter to clean any particles which have generated or degenerated from the gear pump head.
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Water Flow System Theory of Operation
Water drawers using a flow sensor
Water flow path
Water flows from the lower port on the reservoir into the pump, which pumps
it through the filter. The central outlet from the filter ends at the pressure
switch, while the other outlet carries the flow through the water flow sensor
and into the cavity. The water flows across the discharge tube, out the cavity,
and into the heat exchanger.
Figure 126.
Water flow path diagram
Water pump control
At start-up, the main board waits approximately 30 seconds for the water pump
to establish the correct flow rate. During operation, about 9 to 12 V is used to
drive the pump at a flow rate of 400 mL/min. If the pump head is worn or if
there is a restriction in the system, the voltage will be increased to gain the
same flow rate.
The high flow solenoid is normally off (with flow blocked), but in high flow
mode it directs 120 mL/min of helium into the main manifold to augment the
makeup flow for a total flow rate between 150 mL/min and 300 mL/min.
The solvent vent solenoid 1 closes the exhaust path for gases exiting the discharge tube. This forces the window purge to back-flow through the discharge
tube, preventing the makeup and column flows from entering. Instead they are
routed to bypass through the solvent vent solenoid and out to vent.
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Water Flow System Theory of Operation
Water drawers without a flow sensor
Water drawers without a flow sensor
Some G2350A water drawers use only a pressure sensor to monitor flow. If
your water drawer looks like Figure 127, it is described below.
Figure 127.
Water drawer with pressure sensor only
The water flow system pumps distilled water over the discharge tube to maintain a safe operating temperature in the tube. The system is controlled by the
water board. A 9 to 21 V DC variable-speed pump with a magnetically coupled
head circulates 370 to 430 mL/minute of water through the instrument for cooling. If the water pressure drops too low, the high voltage to the magnetron is
stopped and plasma ignition is prevented. The water passes through a
5 micron, 70 mL capacity filter to clean any particles which have generated or
degenerated from the gear pump head.
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Water Flow System Theory of Operation
Water drawers without a flow sensor
Water flow path
Water flows from the lower port on the reservoir into the pump, which pumps
it through the filter. The other filter outlet carries the flow into the cavity,
across the discharge tube, out the cavity, through a tee-union to the pressure
sensor, and into the heat exchanger. See Figure 128.
Tee union
Cavity
To interlock on
main board
Pressure
sensor
Water board
1
Fan
Heat
exchange
IS volt DC from
water control
board
Water board
Control circuit
Filter
Reservoir
Restrictor
Pump
Figure 128.
1 Interlock
Water flow path diagram
Water pump control
At start-up, the main board waits approximately 30 seconds for the water pump
to establish the correct flow rate. During operation, about 9 to 12 V is used to
drive the pump at a flow rate of 400 mL/min. If the pump head is worn or if
there is a restriction in the system, the voltage will be increased to gain the
same flow rate.
The high flow solenoid is normally off (with flow blocked), but in high flow
mode it directs 120 mL/min of helium into the main manifold to augment the
makeup flow for a total flow rate between 150 mL/min and 300 mL/min.
The solvent vent solenoid 1 closes the exhaust path for gases exiting the discharge tube. This forces the window purge to back-flow through the discharge
tube, preventing the makeup and column flows from entering. Instead they are
routed to bypass through the solvent vent solenoid and out to vent.
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Water Flow System Theory of Operation
Water drawer sensors, switches, and connections
Water drawer sensors, switches, and connections
Water board connections
Connector J1 is the power input from the AC board, and carries a 24 V enable
signal in pin 4 while the pump is operating. Output from the flow sensor (if
equipped) enters the water board at J2. The P1 connector carries 9 to 21 V DC
to the pump. The P2 connector powers the fan with 15 V DC. The P3 connector
is part of a series loop to turn off water board, emission source, and heated
zone power if there is a problem. The pressure switch is in the water control
drawer assembly cable, which connects to the water board at P3 and is in
series with the flow sensor relay (if equipped), the cavity PRT (temperature)
circuit, and the main board. If water pressure is too low, the main board stops
power to the water, emission, and heating systems.
For information on water board pinouts, see:
Water board, part no. G2350-60080, on page 237 or
Water board, part no. G2350-60085, on page 239.
Pressure switch
When the water flow through the system is above 250 mL/min, the water pressure is sufficient and the pressure switch remains closed. If the water pressure
drops too low, the pressure switch opens, the heated zones are turned off, and
power to the emission source is stopped.
Relay switch (AED serial number < US 01000166)
When the water flow through the system is 400 mL/min ± 30 mL/min, the relay
switch is closed. If the water flow drops below 250 mL/minute or the 2.5 volt
equivalent, the relay switch on the back of the water board opens and the
heated zones are turned off. The emission source is powered down.
Diagnostic LED (AED serial number < US 01000166)
The diagnostic LED on the water board flashes when the flow rate is 370 mL/
min or less.
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4 Troubleshooting
General Procedures .............................................................. 176
Tips ............................................................................................ 176
Plasma shut off circuits .......................................................... 177
PRT resistance vs. temperature ............................................. 179
Testing for microwave leakage .............................................. 180
Using the service display board ............................................. 181
Electronics ............................................................................. 182
AED does not turn ON ............................................................ 182
Troubleshooting the AC board .............................................. 183
Troubleshooting the main board ........................................... 183
Troubleshooting the high voltage power supply ................. 184
Zone is not heating .................................................................. 187
Gas Flow System ................................................................... 188
Adjusting gas flow rates ......................................................... 188
Discharge tube breaks frequently ......................................... 192
Finding gas leaks ..................................................................... 192
No plasma ................................................................................. 194
No pressure at the cavity pressure gauge ............................ 195
Plasma glows brown ............................................................... 195
Plasma glows red ..................................................................... 196
Solenoid will not operate ....................................................... 196
Troubleshooting the gas drawer ............................................ 199
Spectrometer and Chromatography ................................... 200
Chromatographic peaks not sharp ........................................ 200
Loss of UV sensitivity .............................................................. 200
PDA output not registering .................................................... 201
Sensitivity is poor .................................................................... 201
UV wavelengths missing ......................................................... 201
Verifying PDA performance ................................................... 201
Water Flow System ............................................................... 202
Flow rate too low/high ............................................................ 202
Pump cycles very fast, then slow .......................................... 203
Verifying the actual water flow rate ...................................... 203
Water board LED diagnostics (G2350-60080 only) ............. 203
Water leaks ............................................................................... 204
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General Procedures Troubleshooting
Tips
General Procedures
Tips
The following tips and techniques are designed to help diagnose AED problems.
Diagnostic descriptions in this manual cover the symptoms and corrective
actions for the most common AED technical problems. If a problem cannot be
isolated or resolved using the actions described, contact Agilent Service Personnel.
•
In general, before working on a gas flow problem, reset the flow rates to
standard whenever possible. By setting the flow back to standard, troubleshooting flow rates and leak rates becomes easier.
•
Because the spectrometer is highly sensitive to moisture and contamination, check the following before performing detailed diagnostics on the
optical assemblies:
•
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a.
The spectrometer lens. Replace it as required.
b.
The nitrogen used to purge the spectrometer. The purge gas must be
sufficiently clean (99.99% pure).
To access the water board more easily, loosen the two screws holding it to
its palette and let the board incline at an angle.
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General Procedures Troubleshooting
Plasma shut off circuits
Plasma shut off circuits
At start-up and during operation, the AED main board and the AC board check
the voltages of certain inputs to verify it is safe for plasma ignition. If any part
is not operating correctly, or if one of the monitored circuits is open, then the
main board will not enable the magnetron power, will cut off power to the
heated zones, and prevent plasma ignition.
These circuits are listed in Table 22 below.
Table 22.
AED Plasma Shutoff Circuits
Circuit
Acceptable condition
Measured
input
Power cut:
Cavity temperature
See (1) below
See (1) below
High voltage, heated zones
Heated transfer line temperature
See (1) below
See (1) below
High voltage, heated zones
Emission source temperature
See (1) below
See (1) below
High voltage, heated zones
Switch on the spectrometer grating motor
Closed
Closed (0 V)
High voltage, heated zones
Emission source safety switch (2)
Emission source in enclosure when
water drawer open
Closed (0 V)
High voltage, heated zones
Pressure switch in water drawer (2)
Water flow >250 mL/min
Closed
High voltage, heated zones,
water board
Relay switch on water board (3)
> 250 mL/min flow
Closed
High voltage, heated zones,
water board
(1) The main board will assume there is a temperature runaway problem and turn off the plasma if any PRT reads above 460°C,
or if a PRT significantly exceeds the temperature set point.
(2) The water drawer circuit is a safety circuit controlled by the main board as if it were a PRT. A resistor in the water drawer
control cable provides a 110 W impedance in the circuit, which the main board interprets as ambient temperature. If a switch
opens, the main board sees an infinite resistance and the plasma is shut off/prevented as if there were a temperature runaway
problem.
(3) Only used in AEDs with serial number < 1000166. See Flow sensor, on page 138 for a photograph.
For example, high voltage to the plasma will be shut off if any of the following
occur:
Released: MAY 2000
•
The resistor in the water drawer control cable fails or the resistance drifts
out of range
•
The cavity PRT fails or is disconnected
•
The water drawer is pulled out from the AED with the cavity attached
•
The emission source sense cable is disconnected
•
The spectrometer grating motor travels too far
•
The main harness cable is loose at the spectrometer
G2350A AED Service Manual
177
General Procedures Troubleshooting
Plasma shut off circuits
Refer to Figure 129 below for a general diagram of the shut off circuits.
Main board
J252
Cavity
HTL
1 2
34
P500
Magnetron H20
overheat sense
Line
sense
H20
56
4
5
AC board
J7
HTL
10
6
P1
P6
Cavity assembly
Magnetron
PRT
5
6
HTL
PRT
Cavity
PRT
Legend
PS Pressure switch
FS Flow sensor relay*
Heater/sensor
cable assembly
Emission source
safety switch
Spectrometer
grating switch
*if equipped
PS
Spectrometer
* FS
Figure 129.
Released: MAY 2000
Water drawer
control cable assembly
Plasma shutoff circuits and cabling
G2350A AED Service Manual
178
General Procedures Troubleshooting
PRT resistance vs. temperature
PRT resistance vs. temperature
The main board will assume there is a temperature runaway problem and turn
off the plasma if any PRT reads above 460°C, or if a PRT significantly exceeds
the temperature set point. The resistance of the PRTs used varies with temperature according to the following approximate equation:
R = 100 ohms + (0.36 × T)
Alternately, look up the approximate resistance from Table 23 below.
Table 23. Approximate PRT Resistance (ohms) vs. Temperature (°C)
°C
Released: MAY 2000
0
100
200
300
400
0
100.00
138.50
175.84
212.03
247.06
+10
103.90
142.28
179.51
215.58
250.50
+20
107.79
146.06
183.17
219.13
253.34
+30
111.67
149.82
186.82
222.66
257.34
+40
115.54
153.57
190.46
226.18
260.75
+50
119.40
157.32
194.08
229.69
264.14
+60
123.24
161.04
197.70
233.19
267.52
+70
127.07
164.76
201.30
236.67
270.89
+80
130.89
168.47
204.88
240.15
274.25
+90
134.70
172.16
208.46
243.61
277.60
G2350A AED Service Manual
179
General Procedures Troubleshooting
Testing for microwave leakage
Testing for microwave leakage
A Holaday Microwave Survey Meter Model 1510A is required. Before turning on
the AED, visually examine the waveguide, waveguide transformer, magnetron,
and all other parts of the emission source assembly to make sure there are no
gross defects, such as any cracks, gaps, or obvious damage.
Figure 130.
Emission source assembly
To test for microwave leakage:
Warning
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Turn off the AED.
2.
Verify that the microwave survey meter is functioning.
•
Check the battery. Turn the function switch to "BATT. TEST" and
confirm that the needle indicates "BATTERY OK."
•
Test the leak detector probe. Turn the selection switch to "PROBE
TEST." The display should read "OK PROBE TEST."
•
Turn the function switch to the most sensitive scale: "2 mW."
•
Set the response switch to "FAST."
•
Zero the meter with the knob labeled: "ZERO ADJ."
3.
Turn on the AED.
4.
Activate the magnetron power supply by issuing the IGN command.
5.
With the 5 cm spacer installed on the probe, slowly pass it as close as possible to all areas around the emission source. Pay special attention to the
joints between the cavity and the waveguide.
6.
Record the results of the test. A reading of > 5 mW/cm2 is outside the specification and must be corrected.
A sizable leak is indicated by the meter beeping during testing. Immediately
shut off the AED and inspect the hardware for possible assembly failures.
G2350A AED Service Manual
180
General Procedures Troubleshooting
Using the service display board
Using the service display board
To use the service display board (if available) for troubleshooting, plug the ribbon cable into the P101 connector on the main board. The service display
board displays the same AED diagnostic messages and codes sent to the computer. Remove the board when finished.
Figure 131.
Released: MAY 2000
P101 connector location
G2350A AED Service Manual
181
Electronics Troubleshooting
AED does not turn ON
Electronics
AED does not turn ON
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested actions
AED does not turn on
(nothing happens)
AC board not providing power
to main board or high voltage
power supply
Check the fuses on the AC board. Replace if needed.
See Troubleshooting the AC board, on page 183, and
Figure 132 AC board.
Main board not powering up or
not transmitting start-up
Check main board fuses at F500 and F501. Replace if
needed.
Check test points on main board: +5 V ± 2%; +15 V,
-15 V, +24 V, GND, -24 V. Replace the main board.
See Figure 133 Main board.
Bad cabling: power cord, jumpers from AC board, jumpers
from main board, jumpers from
high voltage power supply
Released: MAY 2000
Check cable continuity. Replace if necessary. See
Figure 139 G2350A internal cabling diagram.
G2350A AED Service Manual
182
Electronics Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting the AC board
Troubleshooting the AC board
Once a problem has been isolated to the AC board, replace the board and retest.
To troubleshoot the AC board:
1.
Check the fuses:
*F1/F2:
Transformer
*F3/F4:
High voltage power supply
F5:
Heaters
*Replace fuses F1/F2 and F3/F4 in pairs
2.
If all heated zones are out, the problem is either a cable or the AC board.
Verify that the heaters and the PRTs are operating properly. See also Zone
is not heating, on page 187. If the heaters are not shorted out, replace the
AC board.
3.
If fuses F1/F2 and F5 have blown, replace them and check the heaters to
verify they are not damaged or shorted.
Figure 132.
AC board
Troubleshooting the main board
1.
Released: MAY 2000
Check the fuses on the main board.
F500
40 VAC
F501
40 VAC
G2350A AED Service Manual
183
Electronics Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting the high voltage power supply
2.
For potential communications (GPIB) problems, verify the GPIB address
is set correctly on the board. If the problem persists, troubleshoot the
GP-IB by switching the main board.
Once a problem has been isolated to the main board, replace the board and retest.
Figure 133.
Main board
See also Figure 139 G2350A internal cabling diagram.
Troubleshooting the high voltage power supply
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect the power cord from
the AED.
Warning
High Voltage! To reduce risk of electric shock, the ground strap for the magnetron power supply must always be connected to the waveguide when the AED
is in operation.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
184
Electronics Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting the high voltage power supply
Voltage problems
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested actions
No low voltage (no filament
current)
Bad cabling, connections, or
main board
Check the gauges. The amp meter gauge should read 8 A. If
it does, check the cabling and the main board. If it does not
read 8 A, then check the AC board. See Figure 132 AC
board.
No power from AC board
Check the fuses on the AC board. Check the output at connectors P1–P4. Check the triacs. See Figure 132 AC board.
Main board contactor K2 not
working
Check the output from the contactor. If there is no output
from the contactor, troubleshoot the main board or replace
it. See Figure 133 Main board.
High voltage power supply.
Replace the high voltage power supply.
Bad cabling, connections, or
main board
Check the gauges. The high voltage gauge should read
22 KV. If it does, check the cabling and the main board. If it
does not read 22 KV, then continue with the actions below.
No high voltage to magnetron (no plasma)
Power cycle the AED and watch the gauges on the power
supply. When the AED is first turned ON, the filament current reading should go full scale, then settle at approximately 8A (4A ¥ 2 for scale). If there is no filament current,
then there is a problem at either the connection between the
power supply and the magnetron, or the power supply is
bad, or the magnetron is bad.
Released: MAY 2000
A zone temperature or the
water flow rate reading is not
correct
Verify that the PRTs and heaters are working properly, the
water pump system is delivering proper flow, and that the
microwave is at temperature. See Plasma shut off circuits,
on page 177 and also PRT resistance vs. temperature, on
page 179.
No signal from main board
Check the voltage in the high voltage enable circuit (Pin 4 of
the supply cable). If the voltage is near 0 (enabled), replace
the power supply. If not, check the cabling. See Figure 139
G2350A internal cabling diagram
G2350A AED Service Manual
185
Electronics Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting the high voltage power supply
General troubleshooting
1.
Enable the high voltage using the ChemStation.
2.
Check pin 3 of P500 on the main board. It should read 0.2 – 0.3 V (approximately 0 V) to ground. If it reads 5 V, the main board has not enabled the
high voltage.
3.
With the high voltage enabled, the power supply's fan should be running. If
the fan is off, the power supply is not delivering power to the fan, and
there should be no dial readings on either the filament or the high voltage
dials. Check the connection to the AC board and check that the AC board
is delivering power. Pin 1 of connector P4 on the AC board should be carrying primary line voltage to the power supply.
4.
Turn the AED OFF, then turn it back ON. When the AED is first turned ON,
the filament current reading should go full scale, then settle at approximately 8A (4A × 2 for scale). If there is no filament current, then one of the
following problems exists:
•
Faulty connection between the power supply and the magnetron
•
Power supply is bad
•
Magnetron is bad.
Comments
Released: MAY 2000
•
If the connection between the magnetron and power supply was bad or
broken for any reason, turn the AED OFF, reconnect, and wait approximately 1 minute before turning the AED ON again.
•
The AC board-high voltage power supply circuit is a latched circuit. If the
filament current ever reaches 10A and stays at 10A, an overvoltage
protection engages. The circuit will not activate again until it sufficiently
de-energizes. It will take three minutes minimum for the circuit to de-energize, and may take significantly longer (an hour or more).
•
Note the two dials on the left cover of the power supply. If the plasma will
not light, power cycle the AED and watch the dial readings per step 4
above.
G2350A AED Service Manual
186
Electronics Troubleshooting
Zone is not heating
Zone is not heating
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested actions
One or more zones are
not heating
The PRT wiring is bad
Check the temperature reading on the ChemStation. A bad
PRT will give incorrect readings, perhaps very low or very
high as its lead wires are shorted. If the zone is too cold and
the reading agrees, check the heater or the AC board. See
PRT resistance vs. temperature, on page 179 and Figure
132 AC board.
If the PRT reads below room temperature, it is not
working. Replace the PRT/heater assembly.
No zones are heating
Released: MAY 2000
The heater wiring is bad
If there is power, check the pinouts on the AC board to verify power is going to the heated zone. If the zone has power,
replace the heater. Alternately, examine the wires for the
heater and PRT. If the insulation is frayed, check the resistance/voltage of the PRT and heater. See Figure 132 AC
board.
The AC board relay is bad
If there is power, check the pinouts on the AC board to verify power is going to the heated zones. If there is no power,
the relay is bad. Replace the AC board. See Figure 132 AC
board.
The main board control
transistor is not developing the gate pulse
See Troubleshooting the main board, on page 183.
AC board fuse F5 is blown
Check the fuse and replace if necessary. Check the transfer
line, magnetron, and cavity heaters to verify they are not
damaged before restarting the AED. If the fuse is intact,
replace the AC board. See Figure 139 G2350A internal
cabling diagram.
G2350A AED Service Manual
187
Gas Flow System Troubleshooting
Adjusting gas flow rates
Gas Flow System
Adjusting gas flow rates
Follow the steps below to adjust the gas flow rates. When practical, set the
flow rates to the values given on the factory Customer Information Sheet provided with the AED. Otherwise, adjust the flow rates as described in First
start-up, on page 41. Refer to Figure 135 for a gas flow system schematic.
(During this procedure, no column should be installed.)
Cavity pressure
Make up gas
Fly ash filter
Helium supply pressure
Figure 134.
Gas drawer
Helium
1.
Released: MAY 2000
Check the supply gas conditions.
Source gas
Expected
condition
Helium source pressure
60 psi
Oxygen
30 psi
Hydrogen
15 psi
Nitrogen/methane
25–35 psi
G2350A AED Service Manual
188
Gas Flow System Troubleshooting
Adjusting gas flow rates
2.
Turn off all reagents and the solvent vent and high flow valves.
Source gas
Expected
condition
Helium source pressure
60 psi
Oxygen
30 psi
Hydrogen
60 psi
Nitrogen/methane
70–90 psi
3.
Check the helium supply pressure on the front panel. Adjust it to 30 psig
using the helium regulator.
4.
Check the cavity pressure on the front panel. Adjust the cavity pressure
1.5 psig.
5.
Open the ChemStation software. The ChemStation can be started by clicking on the ChemStation Group icon on the Program Manager screen. When
the ChemStation window appears, double click on the Instrument 1 On
Line icon. This will start the ChemStation. Once the ChemStation is running, it will load the last method used and the AED Real-Time Spectral plot
should be displayed. If the AED Real-Time Spectral Plot window is not displayed, it can be brought up by selecting View/AED Real-Time Spectral
Plot on/off. Once the spectral plot is displayed, the AED status can be
checked from the ChemStation.
6.
Connect a flow meter to the purge vent. Measure the flow rate and record.
Adjust the back pressure regulator (cavity pressure) until the head pressure is 0. Re-measure the purge flow and record.
7.
Move the flow meter to the cavity vent. Adjust the mass flow controller
(makeup gas) until a flow rate of 60 to 70 mL/min is obtained.
8.
Re-measure the purge vent flow rate and record it.
9.
Next, measure the cavity vent flow rate. The flow rate should be equal to
the purge flow rate + 25 mL/min, ± 5 mL/min. Adjust the flow rate, if necessary, by changing the helium supply pressure.
10. Return the flow meter to the purge vent. Cycle the reagent solenoid valves
ON and OFF while monitoring the flow rate. The flow rate should remain
relatively constant. Record the flow rate with each solenoid turned ON.
Note that each reagent on adds approximately 5 mL/min to the total flow
rate.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
189
Gas Flow System Troubleshooting
Adjusting gas flow rates
Reagent and spectrometer purge gases
Follow the steps described under Initial Tests and Initial Spectrometer Purge
in First start-up, on page 41 to set the flow rates for the reagent gases and the
nitrogen purge gas.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
190
Gas Flow System Troubleshooting
Adjusting gas flow rates
Gas flow systems
Window purge
Makeup gases
Detail of cavity flows
Figure 135.
Released: MAY 2000
Gas flow systems in basic operation flow mode
G2350A AED Service Manual
191
Gas Flow System Troubleshooting
Discharge tube breaks frequently
Discharge tube breaks frequently
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested actions
Discharge tube breaks frequently and with shorter
than expected mean time to
failure
Low water flow.
Use a graduated cylinder to verify that the water flow is
400 mL/min. See Verifying the actual water flow rate, on
page 203.
Pieces of a broken discharge
tube are lodged between the
discharge tube and water
jacket.
Measure the pump voltage (the voltage across P1(1) and
P1(3) on the water board). Normal voltage ranges
between 9–12 V. A voltage of 20 V indicates a restriction
or pump problem. Clean the cavity and blow out the cavity and water lines with high pressure air. If the problem
persists, troubleshoot the water drawer to verify that the
pump, flow sensor, and board are operating correctly.
Coating on outside of discharge tube restricts water
flow.
Clean/replace discharge tube. Use only distilled water.
Check the water to make sure it is distilled and not deionized. De-ionized water corrodes the tubing, which
causes deposits to form on the discharge tube.
Connections are too tight,
causing stress on the discharge tube.
Check that the gas union and exit chamber seals have not
been over-tightened.
GC side water chamber, GC
side brazement, and/or optical side water chamber not
aligned properly.
Disassemble and reassemble. Check for water leaks,
which may indicate misalignment. Check the O-rings for
damage and proper seating. If the GC side water chamber, GC side brazement, and/or optical side water chamber show signs of damage, replace them.
Finding gas leaks
Gas leaks often show up as pronounced nitrogen lines in the background as air
gets into the GC or AED system. See also Figure 135 for a diagram of the gas
flows in the AED.
First, determine where to look for the leak:
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Let the column cool to a temperature of less than 50°C.
2.
Turn off the column flow by removing the septum. Watch the nitrogen 174
line. If the nitrogen peak diminishes, the leak is in the GC. If there is no
change, the leak is either not in the GC or is common to both systems.
G2350A AED Service Manual
192
Gas Flow System Troubleshooting
Finding gas leaks
Alternately:
1.
Disconnect the GC from the AED, plug the open end of the gas union, and
check the N 174, C 193, H 486, and O 170 lines as appropriate. If the lines
still read excessively high (see below), the leak is in the AED.
2.
Vary the carrier gas flow rate into the plasma and monitor the N 174, C 193,
H 486, or O 170 lines. If the area counts increase with increasing carrier
flow, the leak is in the GC.
Element line
Expected value
N 174
< 130
C 193
< 520
H 486
< 520
O 170
< 104
If the leak is in the GC:
1.
Check the liner and verify that the liner seal is not graphite. Graphite line
seals can leak. Make sure the septum is not leaking.
2.
Inspect the flow controller tubing: Adjust the M8 fittings to determine if
they change the nitrogen line. Spray an aerosol duster at the fittings while
inspecting the carbon line. If there is a leak, the carbon in the Freon will
increase the carbon line.
If the leak is not in the GC:
Released: MAY 2000
1.
Perform a gross leak test by placing your thumbs over the ferrule purge
and the cavity vents. This should cause the cavity pressure gauge to rapidly rise in value. If the gauge rises slowly and does not reach 5 psi, then
there is a leak in the AED.
2.
Monitor the background as you turn reagent gases ON and OFF. If it
moves up and down, check the reagent gas system for leaks.
3.
Increase the makeup gas flow and monitor the nitrogen 174 line. If it
decreases, there is a leak in the AED.
4.
Remove the lens purge line from the cavity and plug with your finger. If the
helium pressure quickly rises, the problem is in the cavity assembly, the
exit lines, the fly ash filter, or the gauge. If the pressure does not rise
quickly, the problem is in the gas drawer.
5.
Use a leak hunter to leak check fittings at tanks, unions, etc. (Butane may
take two or three minutes to show up on the carbon line.)
6.
Leak check around any gas getter in the system.
7.
Remake the column at the detector end and use a new ferrule.
G2350A AED Service Manual
193
Gas Flow System Troubleshooting
No plasma
No plasma
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested actions
There is no plasma
No high voltage from power
supply
See Troubleshooting the high voltage power supply, on page 184.
No spark from sparker board
Replace the sparker board. Check for carbon build-up (track) on the Orings in the lens mount liner (carbon track indicates a short). Replace the
O-rings. See Figure 151 Sparker board.
Low water flow or pressure
Check the flow sensor and pump. See Flow rate too low/high, on
page 202. Replace the water filter. Troubleshoot and, if necessary,
replace the water board.
No helium
Check for 30 psig at the helium pressure gauge on the gas drawer front
panel. Check for leaks at the gas union. Replace the O-rings in the disconnect block. Check for leaks in the gas drawer. See Finding gas leaks,
on page 192.
Cavity, emission source
(magnetron), or transfer line
heater or PRT faulty
Check the heaters and PRTs for open or shorted circuits or obvious
damage. See Table 23 on page 179. Replace the heater/PRT assembly
or heated core.
Emission source assembly
not closed against the door
open switch, or the door
closed switch is faulty
Verify the emission source assembly is attached to the enclosure and is
fully against the switch. Short the pins of the switch. If the plasma
lights, replace the switch. See Figure 139 G2350A internal cabling diagram.
Spectrometer grating motor
is stuck or the switch is
faulty
Check the resistance of pins 2 and 3 on the spectrometer. If the pins
read open, the switch is faulty. Replace the spectrometer.
Faulty cable or poor
connection
Check that the cables are properly connected and that there is no contamination on the pins. Replace cables as required. See Figure 139
G2350A internal cabling diagram.
Pressure switch is faulty
Short the pins across the switch. If the pump starts and the plasma reignites, replace the switch.
Emission source (magnetron)
is not functioning
Replace the emission source.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
194
Gas Flow System Troubleshooting
No pressure at the cavity pressure gauge
No pressure at the cavity pressure gauge
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested action
There is no pressure at the cavity
pressure gauge, and there is gas
available at the source.
Gross leak in the cavity
assembly, lens mount
assembly, or gas
drawer
Tighten the lens mount nut firmly until the lens mount liner
cannot be moved by wiggling the spark plug.
Remove the lens purge line from the cavity and plug with
your finger. If the helium pressure quickly rises, there is a
leak in the cavity assembly, the exit lines, the fly ash filter,
or the gauge. If the pressure does not rise quickly, there is
a leak in the gas drawer.
Check the placement and condition of the O-rings in the
lens mount liner beneath the purge inlet, cavity vent, and
spark plug. Check for a ferrule under the purge and cavity
vent lines. Install/replace the O-rings or ferrule as needed.
Check the cavity and ferrule purge lines for leaks. Check
the fly ash filter.
Check that the gas union is tight. If the leak persists,
remove the transfer line and plug the open gas union end.
Disassemble the cavity assembly, remove the discharge
tube, and check all O-rings for placement and damage.
Replace
O-rings as needed and reassemble. If the leak persists, disassemble the lens mount assembly, check the O-rings, and
reassemble. If the leak persists, check the pressure gauge.
See also: Figure 135 Gas flow systems in basic operation
flow mode.
Plasma glows brown
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested actions
Plasma glows brown, not
white.
Dirt on the outside of the discharge
tube due to:
Residual cutting solution from
machining
Use of de-ionized water
Empty all the water from the AED and replace with
fresh distilled water. Clean the cavity and replace the
discharge tube. Make sure that the cooling water is distilled and pure.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
195
Gas Flow System Troubleshooting
Plasma glows red
Plasma glows red
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested actions
Plasma glows red, not
white.
Hydrogen gas is turned on.
Check if hydrogen is turned on.
After changing the discharge tube,
there is residual water in the tube.
Wait approximately 20 minutes. If the problem persists, investigate the other possible causes below.
Discharge tube is cracked (water leak).
Inspect the discharge tube and replace if necessary.
Discharge tube O-ring is missing or
damaged (water leak).
Replace the O-ring.
Solenoid will not operate
Figure 136.
Released: MAY 2000
Solenoid locations
G2350A AED Service Manual
196
Gas Flow System Troubleshooting
Solenoid will not operate
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested action
Reagent gas or high flow will not
operate (the gas sources are working)
Solenoid
Set the ChemStation to monitor the appropriate line for the solenoid
(N 174, C 193, H 486, or O 777). Toggle the solenoid ON and OFF
and check for a significant change in the area counts. See also First
start-up, on page 41, for information on the proper area counts for
each element
Solenoid
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Auxiliary
Makeup/High
Solvent vent
Monitor element line:
H 486
O 777
C 193
N 174
any of the above
Turn valve on/off and check for a 24 V reading at the solenoid input.
If there is no signal, check the wiring and the main board. If there is
a signal but the solenoid does not switch, replace it.
Clogged or
blocked line
after the solenoid.
Released: MAY 2000
Set the flow rates to standard (see First start-up, on page 41), and
check for flow at the end of the line. Replace the line if clogged
G2350A AED Service Manual
197
Gas Flow System Troubleshooting
Solenoid will not operate
Figure 137.
Released: MAY 2000
Solenoids in de-energized state
G2350A AED Service Manual
198
Gas Flow System Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting the gas drawer
Troubleshooting the gas drawer
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested actions
0-60 psi gauge pinned, 0-10 psi gauge working,
cavity vent flow is high
Tubing to the forward pressure regulator is misplumbed
Replace the gas drawer
The mass flow controller (MFC) does not work
but the lens purge flow is acceptable
Tubing to the (MFC) is misplumbed
Replace the gas drawer
There is a loud hiss if the nitrogen flow is On,
there are no flows and no pressure readings
The nitrogen source is connected to
the helium inlet, or the internal plumbing leading from the helium and nitrogen inlets are swapped
Replace the gas drawer
The nitrogen gauge is misplumbed
(probably to the forward pressure regulator or to the 0–60 psi pressure
gauge)
Replace the gas drawer
The MFC and nitrogen lines are
swapped
Check the Out and the In lines to
the MFC. Reconnect them if
they are not correctly installed
There is no cavity pressure, the MFC has no
effect, but the lens purge is acceptable
Replace the gas drawer
There is no lens purge flow, there is no cavity
pressure, and the helium supply pressure is
acceptable
The 0–60 psi gauge works properly but the
0–10 psi gauge will not set
The 0–60 psi gauge works properly but the
0–10 psi gauge will not set
Released: MAY 2000
Solvent vent solenoid plumbing incorrect
Check the plumbing to the solvent vent solenoid valve
Solvent vent solenoid valve defective.
Replace the valve
There is a leak in the cavity or in the
cavity fittings
See Finding gas leaks, on
page 192
There is a leak in the back pressure
regulator fittings or in the back pressure regulator
Isolate the source of the leak.
See Finding gas leaks, on
page 192. If the fittings are
leaking, tighten them. If the leak
persists, or if the back pressure
regulator is leaking, replace the
back pressure regulator
There is a leak in the 0–10 psi gauge
Isolate the source of the leak.
See Finding gas leaks, on
page 192. If the gauge is leaking, try tightening the fittings
first. If the leak persists, replace
the gauge.
G2350A AED Service Manual
199
Spectrometer and Chromatography Troubleshooting
Chromatographic peaks not sharp
Spectrometer and Chromatography
Chromatographic peaks not sharp
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested actions
Chromatographic peaks are
not sharp.
Contamination in the GC.
Check for column damage, injection port leaks, sample contamination of injection port or column. Clean and replace contaminated part.
Chromatography techniques: AED and/or GC gas
flows are inappropriate.
Check the flow settings in the AED and the GC. Reset the
flows. Different flow settings may yield better results.
Contamination in the AED.
Check the gas purity and the cleanliness of the plumbing.
Replace as required.
Transfer line temperature
not hot enough, not controlled to temperature set
point, or heater is defective.
Check transfer line setpoint and reported temperatures.
Check the transfer line heater/sensor for damage. Adjust the
setpoint or replace the heater/sensor.
SiO2 buildup in the discharge
tube.
Replace the discharge tube.
Loss of UV sensitivity
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested actions
Loss of sensitivity in the UV
region. Area ratio of the carbon 193 and 165 lines is
greater than 1:2.
Purity of spectrometer purge
gas is too low.
Verify nitrogen purge gas is of acceptable purity. If the gas
is apparently pure at the source, check the spectrometer
lens for cleanliness. If the lens is clean, change gas cylinders and inspect the lines or change them to make sure no
contaminants are within the purge system.
Seals at spectrometer connections are loose and/or
leaking.
Verify that the inlet and outlet purge lines are secure and
non-leaking. Check that the PDA is not loose, and that the
optical side chamber and lens assemblies are properly
attached to the spectrometer housing.
Spectrometer lens is dirty.
Replace (or clean) the lens.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
200
Spectrometer and Chromatography Troubleshooting
PDA output not registering
PDA output not registering
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested actions
PDA output not registering at
the main board.
Loose connection at the PDA
or main board.
Check the cable. Reconnect it. See Figure 139 G2350A
internal cabling diagram
PDA or PDA preamplifier not
functioning properly.
Change the PDA and re-test at the PDA connector and at
J251 on the main board. If the problem persists, see Troubleshooting the main board, on page 183.
PDA cable is damaged.
Check connectors for cleanliness and clean if necessary.
Replace the cable and re-test. See Figure 139 G2350A
internal cabling diagram
Sensitivity is poor
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested action
Sensitivity is poor or molecular lines have sections
missing.
PDA is damaged.
Run the test to verify PDA performance. See Verifying PDA
performance, on page 201. Replace the PDA if necessary.
UV wavelengths missing
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested action
UV wavelengths are not
being registered by the PDA.
PDA is defective.
Replace and re-test the PDA. See also Loss of UV sensitivity,
on page 200.
Verifying PDA performance
To verify PDA performance, replace it and compare the old and new performance.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
201
Water Flow System Troubleshooting
Flow rate too low/high
Water Flow System
Flow rate too low/high
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested actions
Water flow rate too low or too
high, SPECTR/NO WATER message, and frequent discharge
tube breakage.
Flow restriction or worn
pump.
Check the voltage across pins P1(1) and P1(3) on the water
board. Normal voltage is 9–12 V. A reading of 20 V indicates a restriction or pump problem. Replace the water filter, clean the cavity, and blow pressurized air through the
cavity and hoses to remove any debris which may be lodged
inside. Average pump life is 18–24 months of constant use.
Replace the entire pump if the voltage remains high after
cleaning. See Figure 139 G2350A internal cabling diagram
and Figure 153 Water board, revision 2.
Water flow sensor (if used)
is defective.
If the flow oscillates between high and low, and the water
filter is properly installed so that the outlet fitting is in the
topmost position, replace the flow sensor. See Figure 152
Water board assembly, revision 1.
If the pump is 1 year old or less, check the pump drive voltage. If the voltage is approximately 24 V or approximately
6 V, replace the sensor.
Water board is defective.
Released: MAY 2000
Replace and re-test.
G2350A AED Service Manual
202
Water Flow System Troubleshooting
Pump cycles very fast, then slow
Pump cycles very fast, then slow
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested actions
Air is trapped in the water system.
Misaligned water filter. The
water filter must have the outlet fitting at the topmost, vertical position in order to let air
escape the system.
Loosen the water filter and rotate it until the outlet fitting is at the top.
Damaged flow sensor.
If the water filter is correctly installed (see above),
replace the flow sensor.
Verifying the actual water flow rate
To verify the actual water flow rate, follow the steps below. Note that it is best
to verify the water flow rate before troubleshooting on any potential flow rate
problem.
1.
Power down the AED.
2.
Attach a rubber tube to the return nozzle of the water reservoir.
3.
Place the end of the rubber tube in a graduated cylinder.
4.
Turn on the AED but do not start the plasma.
5.
Measure the water flow and the time to check the flow rate.
6.
Add distilled water, if necessary, to the bath to keep the AED running
while measuring.
7.
Power down the AED.
8.
Disconnect the rubber tube from the water return nozzle.
Water board LED diagnostics (G2350-60080 only)
Released: MAY 2000
•
If the LED is flashing, the flow rate is less than 370 mL/min.
•
If the pump is running, the flow is above 250 mL/min and the problem may
be a worn pump head or a restriction.
•
If the pump is off, check for a leak or blockage, and make sure the flow
sensor and pressure switch are operating normally.
G2350A AED Service Manual
203
Water Flow System Troubleshooting
Water leaks
LED
Figure 138.
Waterboard LED location
Water leaks
Problem
Possible cause
Suggested actions
Water leaks.
Poor seal at fittings.
Wrap the fitting with Teflon tape. Replace the hose/clamp if still leaking. If still leaking after replacing the hose/clamp, replace the part with
the fittings.
Loose clamp.
Tighten/replace hose and clamp.
Discharge tube ferrule and O-ring
need replacement.
Replace the discharge tube, ferrule, and O-ring if worn or damaged.
Discharge tube is cracked.
Replace discharge tube, ferrule, and O-ring.
GC Side Water Chamber, GC Side
Brazement, and/or Optical Side
Water Chamber not aligned
properly.
Disassemble and reassemble. Check the O-rings for damage and proper
seating. If the GC Side Water Chamber, GC Side Brazement, and/or
Optical Side Water Chamber show signs of damage, replace them.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
204
5 Error messages
Error messages ...................................................................... 206
BAD CAVITY READING/BAD XFR LN RDG ....................... 206
CAVITY OVERHEAT/XFER LN OVERHEAT ....................... 207
CAVITY NOT HEATING/XFER NOT HEATING .................. 207
CAVITY TEMP/XFER LINE TEMP ........................................ 207
HIGH VOLTAGE OFF ............................................................. 207
NO CAVITY SENSOR/NO TRANSFER LINE ....................... 207
SPECTR/NO WATER .............................................................. 208
TRIAC INTERRUPT ................................................................ 208
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
205
Error messages
Error messages
Error messages
A/D and DRAM messages
The ChemStation displays the following messages when a problem is detected
in the A/D converter or PDA board.
A/D RAM FAILED
Meaning:
Fatal error in the main board RAM.
Possible cause: Faulty main board. Replace the board and re-test.
BAD DRAM BUFFER
Meaning:
Fatal error in the main board DRAM buffer.
Possible cause: Faulty main board. Replace the board and re-test.
A/D CPU FAILED
Meaning:
Fatal error in the main board A/D converter CPU.
Possible cause: Faulty main board. Replace the board and re-test. If the problem persists, replace the PDA and retest.
A/D SW MISMATCH
Meaning:
Fatal error.
Possible cause: Faulty main board. Replace the board and re-test.
A/D FAULT
Meaning:
Fatal error in the main board A/D converter in the PDA control
subsystem.
Possible cause: Faulty main board. Replace the board and re-test.
BAD CAVITY READING/BAD XFR LN RDG
Meaning:
The signal from the cavity PRT or heater transfer line PRT is
below -100C or above 460C.
Possible cause: Faulty PRT. Faulty heater. Faulty AC board. Faulty main
board.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
206
Error messages
Error messages
CAVITY OVERHEAT/XFER LN OVERHEAT
Meaning:
The signal from the cavity PRT or heater transfer line PRT is
above 460°C, or has significantly exceeded the setpoint.
Possible cause: Faulty PRT. Faulty heater. Faulty AC board. Faulty main
board.
CAVITY NOT HEATING/XFER NOT HEATING
Meaning:
The signal from the cavity or heated transfer line PRT indicates that the heated zone has not begun to increase in temperature within 3 minutes after its heater was turned on.
Possible cause: Faulty PRT. Faulty heater. Faulty AC board. Faulty main
board.
CAVITY TEMP/XFER LINE TEMP
Meaning:
Zone temperature errors are shown whenever the cavity
assembly PRT or the heated transfer line PRT reads a temperature outside of the acceptable setpoint range. For example, the
messages are displayed at start-up until the zones heat to setpoint temperature.
HIGH VOLTAGE OFF
Meaning:
The main board has not yet sent the high voltage enable signal
to the power supply to ignite the plasma. This message is displayed while the AED is warming up and while the heated
zones are not yet up to temperature.
Possible cause: See No plasma, on page 194.
NO CAVITY SENSOR/NO TRANSFER LINE
Meaning:
The main board does not detect the presence of the cavity PRT
or the heated transfer line PRT.
Possible cause: Part not installed. PRT faulty. Loose connection. Open safety
switch.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
207
Error messages
Error messages
SPECTR/NO WATER
Meaning:
The SPECTR/NO WATER error message is displayed whenever the pump is disabled for any reason. On the main board,
pin 1 of connector P500 will read 0 V to ground, instead of the
24 V to ground which enables the water pump.
Possible cause: Any one of the following parts/problems:
• Spectrometer cable
• Spectrometer (open internal switch on the grating motor)
• 2 pin jumper cable running into the heater/sensor cable
• Heater/sensor cable
• Emission source sensor cable
• Emission source sensor switch
• Water board cable
• Bad flow sensor or flow sensor relay on the water board
• AC board (J7, P1)
• Main board [P500, J252 (pins 5, 6)]
• Water flow obstruction
• No water pressure (leak, no water, or water pump bad)
See also: Figure 133 Main board
Figure 132 AC board
Figure 139 G2350A internal cabling diagram.
TRIAC INTERRUPT
Meaning:
The triac controlling a heated zone has not detected a "zerocrossing" in the line voltage, and is not turning its heater on/
off.
Possible cause: Faulty AC board.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
208
6 Cabling Diagrams and
Pinouts
Internal cabling diagram ....................................................... 210
AC board, part no. G2350-60057 .......................................... 212
AC input cable assembly, part no. G2350-60500 ................ 216
AC-main cable assembly, part no. G2350-60690 ................ 217
Emission source sense cable assembly, part no.
G2350-60510 ..................................................................... 218
Gas flow system connector .................................................. 219
Heater/sensor cable assembly, part no. G2350-61310 ....... 220
High voltage power supply, part no. G2350-80075 ............ 223
Main board, part no. G2350-60015 ....................................... 224
Main harness cable assembly, part no. G2350-60680 ........ 230
PDA to main PCB cable assembly, part no. G2350-60860 233
Service display board cable, part no. 05921-60710 ............ 234
Sparker assembly cable, part no. 05921-61000 .................. 234
Sparker board, part no. 05921-60030 ................................... 236
Water board, part no. G2350-60080 ..................................... 237
Water board, part no. G2350-60085 ..................................... 239
Water drawer control cable assembly,
part no. G2350-60750 ....................................................... 240
Water drawer control cable assembly,
part no. G2350-60755 ....................................................... 242
Wires, water board to flow sensor and pump .................... 243
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
209
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Internal cabling diagram
Internal cabling diagram
Figure 139 below is a simplified wiring diagram showing all of the wires and
harnesses used in the G2350A AED. Following it are pinouts listings for each of
the cables or wires. All AED board pinouts are listed after the pinouts for the
cables.
9
10
1
2
3
4
11
5
12
6
13
7
14
8
Figure 139.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A internal cabling diagram
G2350A AED Service Manual
210
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Internal cabling diagram
Table 24. AED Cables
Released: MAY 2000
No
Description
part no.
1
PDA to main PCB cable assembly
G2350-60860
2
Heater/sensor cable assembly
G2350-61310
3
High voltage power supply
G2350-80075
4
AC input cable assembly
G2350-60500
5
AC-main cable assembly
G2350-60690
6
Transformer leads
7
Emission source sense cable assembly
G2350-60510
8
Water drawer control cable assembly
G2350-60750
9
Service display board cable
05921-60710
10
Gas flow system connector
11
Sparker assembly cable
05921-61000
12
8 mm Ignition wire, 18.5 inch long
8120-5473
13
Main harness cable assembly
G2350-60680
14
Wires, water board to flow sensor and pump
G2350A AED Service Manual
211
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
AC board, part no. G2350-60057
AC board, part no. G2350-60057
Figure 140. AC board
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
212
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
AC board, part no. G2350-60057
Connector P1 (to main board P500)
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
1
Line sense
10
High voltage primary
2
24 V DC from main board
11
Main relay heated zone
3
High V on/off
12
REF. GND (main board)
4
Water pump control
13
DC GND
5
Magnetron overheat
14
DC GND
6
24 V DC (water pump)
15
REF. GND (main board)
7
AUX3
16
20 VAC
8
Cavity gate
17
20 VAC C.T.
9
HTL gate
18
20 VAC
Connector P2 (AC power cord)
Pin
Function
1
Mains AC voltage
3
Mains AC voltage
Connector P4 (high voltage power supply)
Released: MAY 2000
Pin
Function
1
Hot
2
Neutral
3
GND
4
HV enable (0 V when HVPS is on to 5 V if off)
G2350A AED Service Manual
213
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
AC board, part no. G2350-60057
Connector P5 (transformer)
Pin
Function
1
20 VAC
2
20 VAC
3
120 VAC
4
CT
5
GND
6
Line voltage
7
Neutral
8
Shield
9
Line voltage
10
Line voltage
11
Not used
12
Neutral
Connector P6 (magnetron fan)
Released: MAY 2000
Pin
Function
1
Mag. fan
2
Mag. fan –
3
Mag. PRT
4
Mag. PRT
5
Mag. fan
6
Mag. fan –
G2350A AED Service Manual
214
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
AC board, part no. G2350-60057
Connector J7
Pin
Function
1
Transfer line heat
2
Transfer line heat return
3
Cavity heat
4
Cavity heat return
5
120 VAC
6
120 VAC back
7
Pump GND
8
24 V (pump enable)
9
24 V DC
10
H2O sense A (senses open ckt in wiring)
AC board fuses
Released: MAY 2000
Fuse
Type
part no.
Circuit
F1
7A/250 V
2100-0614
Main
F2
7A/250 V
2100-0614
Main
F3
5A/250 V
2110-0010
High voltage
power supply
F4
5A/250 V
2110-0010
High voltage
power supply
F5
7A/250 V
2100-0614
Heated zones
G2350A AED Service Manual
215
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
AC input cable assembly, part no. G2350-60500
AC input cable assembly, part no. G2350-60500
Black
White
AC board
G2350-60055
GND
(Flying AC lead assembly)
Neutral
white
Hot
black
Remote
rocker switch
AC input cable assembly
G2350-60500
GND
green/yellow
Figure 141. AC input cable assembly
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
216
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
AC-main cable assembly, part no. G2350-60690
AC-main cable assembly, part no. G2350-60690
Pin 1
Figure 142.
Pin 1
AC-main cable assembly
Connector pinouts
Released: MAY 2000
Pin
Function
1
Line sense
2
24 V unreg
3
High V. ON/OFF
4
Water pump control
5
Magnetron overheat
6
H2O sense
7
AUX3
8
AUX2
9
AUX1
10
High V. primary
11
Main relay
12
Reference GND
13
DC ground
14
DC ground
15
Reference GND
16
20 VAC
17
20 VAC C.T.
18
20 VAC
G2350A AED Service Manual
217
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Emission source sense cable assembly, part no. G2350-60510
Emission source sense cable assembly, part no. G235060510
Pin 1
Figure 143.
Pin 1
Emission source sense cable assembly
Connector pinouts
Released: MAY 2000
Pin
Function
1
PRT/safety circuit (normally not open)
2
PRT/safety circuit (normally not open)
G2350A AED Service Manual
218
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Gas flow system connector
Gas flow system connector
Pin 1
Pin 14
Figure 144. Gas flow system connector
Connector to main harness
Pin
Function
1-2
Not used
3, 14
High flow solenoid
4, 8
Solvent vent solenoid
5, 9
Oxygen solenoid
6, 10
Hydrogen solenoid
7, 11
Auxiliary solenoid
Voltage across the pins of a solenoid is 0 V normally, 24 V when energized.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
219
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Heater/sensor cable assembly, part no. G2350-61310
Heater/sensor cable assembly, part no. G2350-61310
To transfer line
To water system
To main PCB J252
To emission source
sense cable
To AC bd J7
To cavity
To AC bd P6
Figure 145. Heater/sensor cable assembly
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
220
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Heater/sensor cable assembly, part no. G2350-61310
Connector to main board J252 (PRT circuit)
Pin
Function
J252(1)
Cavity PRT
J252(2)
Cavity PRT GND (s)
J252(3)
Transfer line PRT
J252(4)
Transfer line GND (s)
J252(5)
Emission source safety switch
J252(6)
Emission source safety switch GND
Connector to AC board J7
Pin
Function
1
Transfer line heat
2
Transfer line heat return
3
Cavity heat
4
Cavity heat return
5
120 VAC
6
120 VAC back
7
Pump GND
8
24 V (pump enable)
9
24 V DC
10
H2O sense A (senses open circuit in wiring)
Connector to AC board P6
Released: MAY 2000
Pin
Function
1
Transfer line heat, fan red
2
Transfer line heat return, fan black
3
Magnetron source
4
Magnetron source
G2350A AED Service Manual
221
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Heater/sensor cable assembly, part no. G2350-61310
Connector to cavity assembly
Pin
Function
1-5
Not used
6
Cavity PRT
7
Cavity PRT
8
Cavity heater, 120 VAC
9
Not used
10
Cavity heater, 120 VAC
11
Fan, red
12
Fan, black
13
Magnetron PRT
14
Magnetron PRT
Connector to water board control cable
Pin
Function
5
NC
6
NC
7
GND
8
24 V enable
9
24 V
10
GND (for cabling circuit closed sensor)
Connector to heated transfer line pinouts
Pin
Function
1
Transfer line heater, 120 VAC
2
Transfer line heater, 120 VAC
3
Transfer line PRT
4
Transfer line PRT
Connector to emission source sense cable
Released: MAY 2000
Pin
Function
1
PRT/safety circuit (normally not open)
2
PRT/safety circuit (normally not open)
G2350A AED Service Manual
222
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
High voltage power supply, part no. G2350-80075
High voltage power supply, part no. G2350-80075
Figure 146. High voltage power supply
Connector to the AC board
Released: MAY 2000
Pin
Function
1
Hot
2
Neutral
3
GND
4
HV enable (0.2-0.3 V when high voltage is enabled; 5 V if off)
G2350A AED Service Manual
223
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Main board, part no. G2350-60015
Main board, part no. G2350-60015
Figure 147. Main board
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
224
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Main board, part no. G2350-60015
Connector J251 (main board to PDA)
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
1
GND
15
CAL2
29
PH2
2
PGA OUT
16
GND
30
GND
3
GND
17
CAL1
31
PH1
4
GND
18
GND
32
GND
5
CAL REF
19
CAL0
33
ASUB
6
*–15
20
GND
34
GND
7
*15
21
GAIN2
35
RESO
8
*–15
22
GND
36
GND
9
*15
23
GAIN1
37
RESF
10
*–15
24
GND
38
GND
11
*15
25
GAIN0
39
HBW
12
GND
26
GND
40
GND
13
CALEN
27
STRT
14
GND
28
GND
Connector J252 (PRT circuit)
Released: MAY 2000
Pin
Function
J252(1)
Cavity PRT
J252(2)
Cavity PRT GND (S)
J252(3)
Transfer line PRT
J252(4)
Transfer line GND (S)
J252(5)
Water bath PRT
J252(6)
Water bath GND (S)
G2350A AED Service Manual
225
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Main board, part no. G2350-60015
Connector P500 (AC board)
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
1
Line sense
10
High V primary
2
24 V enrage
11
Main relay
3
High V ON/OFF
12
Reference GND
4
Water pump control
13
DC ground
5
Mignonette overheat
14
DC ground
6
H2O sense
15
Reference GND
7
AUX3
16
20 VAC
8
AUX2
17
20 VAC C.T.
9
AUX1
18
20 VAC
Connector P101 (service display board)
Released: MAY 2000
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
1
BA0
11
BD6
2
BA1
12
GND (D)
3
BA2
13
GND (D)
4
BA4
14
GND (D)
5
BD0
15
5V
6
BD1
16
5V
7
BD2
17
*FPST
8
BD3
18
*BWR
9
BD4
19
*DISP0
10
BD5
20
*DISP1
G2350A AED Service Manual
226
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Main board, part no. G2350-60015
Connector P100 (main harness cable assembly)
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
1
Stepper motor
13
Stepper motor
25
Slit motor blue lead
2
Spark (sparker)
14
24 V (sparker)
26
BX (slit encoder)
3
24 V
15
24 V
27
5 V (slit encoder)
4
Solvent dump
16
Aux reagent
28
5 V (unassigned)
5
Stepper motor
17
24 V (stepper motor)
29
Array motor red lead
6
5 V (sparker)
18
24 V (stepper motor)
30
AY (array encoder)
7
24 V
19
24 V
31
GND (D) (array encoder)
8
O2 reagent
20
Unassigned
32
GND (D) (unassigned)
9
Stepper motor
21
Slit motor red lead
33
Array motor blue lead
10
GND (D) (sparker)
22
AX (slit encoder)
34
By (array encoder)
11
24 V
23
GND (D) (slit encoder)
35
5 V (array encoder)
12
H2 reagent
24
Slit motor shield
36
Array motor shield
Connector J102 (APG remote)
Pin
Function
J102(1)
GND (D)
J102(2)
J102(3)
*START
J102(4)
J102(5)
J102(6)
PWRON
J102(7)
READY
J102(8)
*STOP
J102(9)
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
227
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Main board, part no. G2350-60015
S100 (GPIB address)
When set for GPIB address 15 (the default), the switches are set as shown
below.
Switch
Function
Setting
S100(1)
Test
Down
S100(2)
SRQ
Down
S100(3)
Not used
Down
S100(4)
ADDR 16
Down
S100(5)
ADDR 8
Up
S100(6)
ADDR 4
Up
S100(7)
ADDR 2
Up
S100(8)
ADDR 1
Up
See the instructions for installing the ChemStation software for other address
settings.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
228
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Main board, part no. G2350-60015
Connector J100 (GPIB communications)
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
1
DI01
13
DI05
2
DI02
14
DI06
3
DI03
15
DI07
4
DI04
16
DI08
5
EOI
17
REN
6
DAV
18
DCOM
7
NRFD
19
DCOM
8
NDAC
20
DCOM
9
IFC
21
DCOM
10
SRQ
22
DCOM
11
ATN
23
DCOM
12
SHLD ((GND (D))
24
LOGIC
Main board test points
Test point
Reading
TP500:
GND
TP501:
–24 V
TP502:
24 V
TP526:
5V
TP550:
15 V
TP551:
–15 V
Main board fuses
Released: MAY 2000
Fuse
Type
part no.
F500
5A, 250 V fast acting
2100-0010
F501
5A, 250 V fast acting
2100-0010
G2350A AED Service Manual
229
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Main harness cable assembly, part no. G2350-60680
Main harness cable assembly, part no. G2350-60680
To sparker
assembly J1
To gas flow
drawer
9
To emission
source sense cable
Pin 1
5
To main PCB P 100
6
1
To spectrometer
Figure 148. Main harness cable assembly
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
230
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Main harness cable assembly, part no. G2350-60680
Connector to sparker board J1
Pin
Function
1
5 V in
2
24 V in
3
Trigger
4
GND
Connector to spectrometer
Pin
Function
Color
1
Stepper motor
Black
2
Switch closed
Black
3
Switch normally closed
Black
4
Stepper motor
Yellow
5
Stepper motor
Orange
6
24 V stepper motor
Red
7
Not used
8
24 V stepper motor
Red
9
Stepper motor
Brown
Connector to gas flow system
Released: MAY 2000
Pin
Function
1-2
Not used
3
High flow solenoid
4
Solvent vent solenoid
5
Oxygen solenoid
6
Hydrogen solenoid
7
Auxiliary solenoid
8
Solvent vent solenoid
9
Oxygen solenoid
10
Hydrogen solenoid
11
Auxiliary solenoid
12-13
Not used
14
High flow solenoid
G2350A AED Service Manual
231
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Main harness cable assembly, part no. G2350-60680
Connector to main board P100
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
1
Stepper motor
13
Stepper motor
25
Slit motor blue lead
2
Spark (sparker)
14
24 V (sparker)
26
BX (slit encoder)
3
24 V
15
24 V
27
5 V (slit encoder)
4
Solvent dump
16
Aux reagent
28
5 V (unassigned)
5
Stepper motor
17
24 V (stepper motor)
29
Array motor red lead
6
5 V (sparker)
18
24 V (stepper motor)
30
AY (array encoder)
7
24 V
19
24 V
31
GND (D) (array encoder)
8
O2 reagent
20
Unassigned
32
GND (D) (unassigned)
9
Stepper motor
21
Slit motor red lead
33
Array motor blue lead
10
GND (D) (sparker)
22
AX (slit encoder)
34
By (array encoder)
11
24 V
23
GND (D) (slit encoder)
35
5 V (array encoder)
12
H2 reagent
24
Slit motor shield
36
Array motor shield
Connector to emission source sense cable
Released: MAY 2000
Pin
Function
1
PRT/safety circuit (normally not open)
2
PRT/safety circuit (normally not open)
G2350A AED Service Manual
232
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
PDA to main PCB cable assembly, part no. G2350-60860
PDA to main PCB cable assembly, part no.
G2350-60860
Pin 1
Pin 1
Red indentifies pin 1
Pin 40
Figure 149.
PDA to main PCB cable assembly
Connector J151 (PDA to main board)
Released: MAY 2000
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
1
GND
15
CAL2
29
PH2
2
PGA OUT
16
GND
30
GND
3
GND
17
CAL1
31
PH1
4
GND
18
GND
32
GND
5
CAL REF
19
CAL0
33
ASUB
6
*–15
20
GND
34
GND
7
*15
21
GAIN2
35
RESO
8
*–15
22
GND
36
GND
9
*15
23
GAIN1
37
RESF
10
*–15
24
GND
38
GND
11
*15
25
GAIN0
39
HBW
12
GND
26
GND
40
GND
13
CALEN
27
STRT
14
GND
28
GND
G2350A AED Service Manual
233
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Service display board cable, part no. 05921-60710
Service display board cable, part no. 05921-60710
Connects to P101 on the main board and to the display LED PC board assembly, part no. 05921-60020.
Sparker assembly cable, part no. 05921-61000
Blue
Yellow
Red
Brown
Blue
Red
Brown
Yellow
White
Figure 150.
Sparker assembly cable
Connector to J2
Pin
Function
1
13.6 V (coil)
2
13.6 V (module)
3
5 V (module)
4
Trigger (module)
Wiring
Released: MAY 2000
Wire
Function
Blue
Trigger (module)
Brown
5 V (module)
Red
13.6 V (module)
White
GND (coil to module)
Yellow
13.6 V (coil)
G2350A AED Service Manual
234
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Sparker assembly cable, part no. 05921-61000
Transformer leads
Released: MAY 2000
Pin
Function
Stage
1
20 VAC (yellow)
Secondary
2
20 VAC (yellow)
Secondary
3
120 VAC (red)
Secondary
4
CT (blue)
Secondary
5
GND (red)
Secondary
6
Line (black/green)
Primary
7
Neutral (black/red)
Primary
8
Shield (green/yellow)
Secondary
9
Line (black/orange)
Primary
10
Line (black)
Primary
11
Not used
12
Neutral (black/yellow)
Primary
G2350A AED Service Manual
235
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Sparker board, part no. 05921-60030
Sparker board, part no. 05921-60030
Figure 151. Sparker board
Connector J2
Pin
Function
1
13.6 V
2
13.6 V to module
3
5 V to module
4
Trigger (module)
Connector J1
Released: MAY 2000
Pin
Function
1
5 V in
2
24 V in
3
Trigger
4
GND
G2350A AED Service Manual
236
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Water board, part no. G2350-60080
Water board, part no. G2350-60080
Figure 152. Water board assembly, revision 1
Connector J1
Pin
Function
1
Enable (24 V when pump and fan are running)
2
GND
3
GND
4
+24 V
J1 on the water board connects to the water drawer control cable,
G2350-60750.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
237
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Water board, part no. G2350-60080
Connector J2
Pin
Function
1
+15 V
2
Flow sensor input, normally 3.75 to 4.30 V
3
GND
J2 on the water board connects to the flow sensor.
Connector P1
Pin
Function
1
Red
2
NC
3
Black
P1 on the water board connects to the pump.
Voltage across 1-3 is 9 to 21 V DC (9-12 V nominal).
Connector P2
Pin
Function
1
+15 V fan
2
GND
3
NC
4
NC
5
GND
6
+15 V fan
P2 on the water board connects to the fan.
Connector P3
Pin
Function
1
NC
2
NC
3
PRT
4
PRT shutdown
P3 on the water board connects to the water drawer control cable,
G2350-60750.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
238
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Water board, part no. G2350-60085
Water board, part no. G2350-60085
J1
P1
P2
P3
Figure 153.
Water board, revision 2
Connector J1
Pin
Function
1
Enable (24 V when pump and fan are running)
2
GND
3
GND
4
+24 V
J1 on the water board connects to the water drawer control cable,
G2350-60755.
Connector P1
Pin
Function
1
Red
2
NC
3
Black
P1 on the water board connects to the pump.
Voltage across 1-3 is 9 to 21 V DC (9-12 V nominal).
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
239
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Water drawer control cable assembly, part no. G2350-60750
Connector P2
Pin
Function
1
+15 V fan
2
GND
3
NC
4
NC
5
GND
6
+15 V fan
P2 on the water board connects to the fan.
Connector P3
Pin
Function
1
NC
2
NC
3
PRT
4
PRT shutdown
P3 on the water board connects to the water drawer control cable,
G2350-60755.
Water drawer control cable assembly, part no. G235060750
Pin 1
Pin 14
Pin 1
Pin 1
Figure 154.
Released: MAY 2000
Water drawer control cable assembly
G2350A AED Service Manual
240
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Water drawer control cable assembly, part no. G2350-60750
Connector to heater/sensor cable pinouts
Pin
Function
1
NC
2
NC
3
GND (for cabling ckt closed sensor)
4
24 V
7
24 V enable
10
Shorted to 13
11
PRT ckt (to pressure switch and flow sensor)
13
J252(5) from main board (PRT ckt). Shorted to 10. 110 ohms.
14
J252(6) from main board (PRT ckt)
Connector to pressure switch
Should read 110 ohms nominal, or open when system is down.
Connector to water board J1
Released: MAY 2000
Pin
Function
1
Enable (24 V when pump and fan are running)
2
GND
3
GND
4
24 V
G2350A AED Service Manual
241
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Water drawer control cable assembly, part no. G2350-60755
Water drawer control cable assembly, part no. G235060755
Pin 1
Pin 1
Pin 14
Figure 155. Water drawer control cable assembly
Connector to heater/sensor cable pinouts
Pin
Function
1
NC
2
NC
3
GND (for cabling ckt closed sensor)
4
24 V
7
24 V enable
10
Shorted to 13
11
PRT ckt (to pressure switch and flow sensor)
13
J252(5) from main board (PRT ckt). Shorted to 10. 110 ohms
14
J252(6) from main board (PRT ckt)
Connector to pressure switch
Should read 110 ohms nominal, or open when system is down.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
242
Cabling Diagrams and Pinouts
Wires, water board to flow sensor and pump
Connector to water board J1
Pin
Function
1
Enable (24 V when pump and fan are running)
2
GND
3
GND
4
24 V
Wires, water board to flow sensor and pump
Pump
Pin
Function
1
Red
2
NC
3
Black
Voltage across 1-3 varies from 9-21 V (9-12 V nominal when new).
Fan
Pin
Function
1
15 V
2
GND
3
NC
4
NC
5
NC
6
NC
Flow sensor (if used)
Released: MAY 2000
Pin
Function
1
15 V
2
Output (normally 3.75-4.25 V)
3
GND
G2350A AED Service Manual
243
7 Replacement Parts
Introduction ..................................................................................... 245
Electrical components .................................................................... 246
Emission source assembly ............................................................. 247
Front assemblies ............................................................................. 248
Gas drawer ....................................................................................... 249
Heated transfer line ........................................................................ 253
Lens mount assembly ..................................................................... 254
Sparker assembly ............................................................................ 255
Spectrometer assembly .................................................................. 256
Water drawer, AED serial no. > 1000166 ...................................... 257
Water drawer, AED serial no. < 1000166 ...................................... 261
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
244
Replacement Parts
Introduction
Introduction
This chapter lists the part numbers for all replaceable parts. Please note not
all parts in the list are user replaceable. In addition, some parts are
replaceable only as part of larger assemblies. To replace one of these parts,
order the assembly.
Gas drawer changes
Beginning with AED serial number 3000208, all gas drawers use an externally
accessible filter. Aside from the filter mounting hardware, the earlier gas drawers are identical to the newer version.
Water drawer change
Beginning with AED serial number 1000166, the water drawer uses different
flow monitoring electronics. If desired, you may upgrade the water drawer to
the current configuration. See Water drawer, AED serial no. < 1000166 on
page 261.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
245
Replacement Parts
Electrical components
Electrical components
1
5
2
6
3
4
Figure 156. Electrical components
Released: MAY 2000
Number
Description
Part number
Qty/Assy
1
Main board assembly
G2350-60015
1
2
AC board assembly
G2350-60055
1
3
Sparker assembly
G2350-60550
1
4
Remote rocker switch
3101-3444
1
5
Power supply
G2350-80075
1
6
Power transformer assembly
G2350-60660
1
G2350A AED Service Manual
246
Replacement Parts
Emission source assembly
Emission source assembly
1
2
7
3
8
4
9
5
3
6
Figure 157.
Emission source assembly, part no. G2350-60560
Number
Released: MAY 2000
Description
Part number
Qty/Assy
Emission source assembly
G2350-60560
–
RP-emission source assembly
G2350-60900
–
1
Cavity heater/PRT assembly
G2350-60930
1
2
GC chamber O-ring
0905-1159
1
3
Discharge tube kit
G2350-61090
1
4
RP-MS M5×3.80 35mm
0515-0110
3
5
Gas union assembly
G2350-61190
1
6
RP-heater chamber assembly
G2350-60190
1
7
Optical side water chamber O-ring
0905-1160
1
8
Optical side water chamber
G2350-20520
1
9
Exit chamber
05921-22240
1
NS
Belleville washers
3050-1907
4
NS
Set screw
0515-2432
G2350A AED Service Manual
247
Replacement Parts
Front assemblies
Front assemblies
1
2
3
6
7
4
5
Figure 158. Front assemblies
Released: MAY 2000
Number
Description
Part number
Qty/Assy
1
Thumb nut
0535-0165
1
2
Gas drawer disconnect brazement
G2350-80680
1
3
O-ring
0905-1162
3
4
Emission source assembly
G2350-60560
1
5
Water drawer
G2350-61250
1
6
Spectrometer assembly
G2350-61170
1
7
Gas drawer
G2350-60530
1
NS
Ship kit
G2350-60800
–
NS
AED II Packaging assembly
G2350-61140
–
G2350A AED Service Manual
248
Replacement Parts
Gas drawer
Gas drawer
1
8
6a
6b
2
3
Solvent vent 7
9
4
High flow 7
5
Oxygen 7
Hydrogen 7
7 Auxiliary
Figure 159.
Gas drawer regulators, solenoids, and gauges (tubing not shown)
Number
Description
Part number
Qty/Assy
Gas drawer
G2350-60530
–
1
Regulator, 0-15 psi back pressure
19246-60560
1
2
Gauge, 10psi
G2350-60590
1
3
AED mass flow assembly
05921-61210
1
19362-60575
1
Mass flow controller, 400 cc/min
Nut, 1/8” tubing, brass ferrule,
O-ring (M8)
Released: MAY 2000
4
60 psi pressure gauge
19363-60505
1
5
0-60 psi forward pressure regulator
19246-60540
1
6a
Ash filter assembly
G2350-60990
1
6b
Filter tube fly ash
3150-0417
1
7
AED solenoid assembly
05921-61200
5
Cap. solenoid valve
G1544-60560
–
8
Bulkhead union
0100-1698
2
9
Plug-in elbow
0100-1699
2
G2350A AED Service Manual
249
Replacement Parts
Gas drawer
6
7
5
8
1
2
3
4
9
Figure 160. Gas drawer manifolds and weldments
Released: MAY 2000
Number
Description
Part number
Qty/assy
1
Make up manifold assembly
G2350-61192
1
2
1/8 inch teflon tubing
0890-0746
48 inches
3
Union
05921-21370
4
4
Flange free fitting
0100-1877
1
Bushing
0100-1504
1
5
Purge manifold assembly
G2350-61390
1
6
1/8 inch tee union
0100-0053
1
7
Purge brazement 1/8 inch
G2350-81090
8
Manifold assembly
G2350-60540
1
9
Jumper brazement (N2 purge)
G2350-80670
1
NS
Inlet weldment
05921-80730
1
NS
Jumper weldment, 8 inch
19243-80560
NS
H2 fitting nut
05921-22110
G2350A AED Service Manual
1
250
Replacement Parts
Gas drawer
Aux
H2
O2
Vents
O2
R1
R2
Fpr
H2
R3
R14
Aux
R6
R5
R4
M2
R7
R13
R8
R9
Gauge
Mfc
R12
R11
Solenoids
R10
S5
Gauge
M1
R15
R16
Filter
R17
Ferrule
vent
S4
Bpr
Cavity
vent
Figure 161. AED flow restrictors
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
251
Replacement Parts
Gas drawer
AED Flow Restrictors (see Figure 161).
Released: MAY 2000
Number
Description
Part number
Qty/assy
R1
FID H2 restrictor
19231-60770
1
R2
NPD H2 restrictor
19234-60660
1
R3
NPD H2 restrictor
19234-60660
1
R4
Rz restrictor
0100-1473
1
R5
Rz restrictor
0100-1473
1
R6
Rz restrictor
0100-1473
1
R7
NPD H2 restrictor
19234-60660
1
R8
NPD H2 restrictor
19234-60660
1
R9
NPD H2 restrictor
19234-60660
1
R10
NPD H2 restrictor
19234-60660
1
R11
NPD H2 restrictor
19234-60660
1
R12
NPD H2 restrictor
19234-60660
1
R13
AED makeup restrictor
0100-1521
1
R14
FID H2 restrictor
19231-60770
1
R15
1/16 inch tubing restriction
1
R16
1/16 inch tubing restriction
1
R17
1/16 inch tubing restriction
1
G2350A AED Service Manual
252
Replacement Parts
Heated transfer line
Heated transfer line
1
2
3
Figure 162. Heated transfer line
Number
1
Released: MAY 2000
Description
Part number
Qty/Assy
Heated transfer line
G2350-61300
–
Heated core assembly
G2350-80780
1
1/16 inch graphite ferrule (10 pk)
0100-1326
1/16 inch gas union SS tubing nut (each)
0100-0053
2
Insulation jacket assembly
G2350-61240
1
3
Column setting tool
G2350-80610
–
G2350A AED Service Manual
253
Replacement Parts
Lens mount assembly
Lens mount assembly
1
7
2
8
9
3
10
4
5
11
6
12
Figure 163.
Lens mount assembly, part no. G2350-60740
Number
Released: MAY 2000
Description
Part number
Lens mount assembly
G2350-60740
1
Lens mount liner
G2350-22230
1
2
Lens mount cone
G2350-22220
1
3
Lens mount liner O-ring
0905-1451
1
4
Lens keeper O-ring
0905-1099
1
5
SCR-MACH M3×0.5×12mm LG
0515-0911
3
6
Lens keeper
G2350-22240
1
7
Lens O-ring
0905-1293
1
8
Lens
G2350-80360
1
9
Lens mount top
G2350-20910
1
10
Lens mount bottom
G2350-21320
1
11
Screw M4×20
0515-0982
2
12
Lens mount nut
G2350-20980
1
NS
Lens mount liner interior O-ring
0905-1162
3
NS
Lens mount liner ferrule (bushing)
0100-1504
1
NS
Lens mount liner fitting (nut)
0100-1505
1
G2350A AED Service Manual
Qty/Assy
254
Replacement Parts
Sparker assembly
Sparker assembly
1
2
4
3
Figure 164. Sparker assembly, part no. G2350-60550
Number
Released: MAY 2000
Description
Part number
Qty/Assy
Sparker assembly
G2350-60550
–
1
Sparker PCB assembly
05921-60030
1
2
Ignition module
0960-0826
1
3
Ignition coil
9140-1516
1
4
Spark top brazement
05921-80880
1
NS
8 mm ignition wire
8120-5473
1
NS
Sparker assembly cable
05921-61000
1
NS
Spark fitting
05921-22056
1
G2350A AED Service Manual
255
Replacement Parts
Spectrometer assembly
Spectrometer assembly
3
2
1
7
4
5
6
Figure 165.
Spectrometer assembly, part no. G2350-61170
Number
Released: MAY 2000
Description
Part number
Qty/Assy
Spectrometer assembly
G2350-61170
–
1
PDA assembly
G2350-60630
1
2
Mounting screw
G2350-20700
2
3
O-ring
0905-1433
1
4
Lens mount assembly
G2350-60740
1
5
Mounting screw
0515-0982
2
6
O-ring
0905-1435
1
7
Spectrometer
G2350-60720
1
G2350A AED Service Manual
256
Replacement Parts
Water drawer, AED serial no. > 1000166
Water drawer, AED serial no. > 1000166
1
2
6
3
4
7
8
5a, 5b
Figure 166.
Released: MAY 2000
Water drawer, AED serial no. 1000166 to 03000388. (Water drawer for
AED serial no. > 03000388 is similar.)
G2350A AED Service Manual
257
Replacement Parts
Water drawer, AED serial no. > 1000166
See Figure 166 for an illustration of the water drawer.
Number
Description
Part number
Qty
Water drawer
G2350-61250
–
1
Water board panel
G2350-00470
1
2
Rubber tubing
0890-2104
154 cm
3
Tubing, per.cured si rubber
0890-1831
57 cm
4
Reservoir clip
G2350-00480
2
5a
RP-reservoir assembly
G2350-60710
1
5b
Reservoir
1540-1724
1
6
Water pump assembly
G2350-61445
1
7
Plastic clamp (on filter deadend)
1400-1660
1
8
0.5 µm water filter element
G2350-80300
1
NS
1/8×1/4 SS reducing union
0100-0121
2
NS
Adapter tube SS 1/8 inch hose–1/4 inch
0100-1464
1
NS
1/4 inch barb to 1/8 inch male, SS
0100-1608
2
NS
1/4 inch barb to 1/4 inch tube
0100-1609
1
NS
Plastic fitting (luer tube fitting)
0100-1869
1
NS
Luer lock ring (on filter)
0100-1874
1
NS
Nut-hex w/lkwr
0535-0031
5
NS
Gasket
0905-1440
68
NS
Washer-flat
3050-0307
4
NS
Washer-flat
3050-0891
4
NS
Washer-flat
3050-0893
4
NS
Washer-fl nm 6.0
3050-1202
1
NS
Washer-nylon
3050-1414
2
See Figure 169 for a plumbing diagram.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
258
Replacement Parts
Water drawer, AED serial no. > 1000166
13
5
14
12
16
17
18
19
20
15
21
Figure 167. Water drawer parts
Released: MAY 2000
Number
Description
Part number
Qty/Assy
5
RP-reservoir assembly
G2350-60710
1
12
Hose clamp (pump and reservoir)
1400-2152
6
13
Fitting, barbed bulkhead
0100-1680
1
14
Restrictor, 1/8 inch SS tube coil
G2350-20890
1
15
Fitting (“tee”), 1/8 inch barbed
0100-1869
1
16
Water control PCB
G2350-60085
1
17
AED II pump cable
G2350-60810
1
18
Water drawer fan assembly
G2350-61070
1
19
Heat exchanger
G2350-20905
1
20
Water drawer cable
G2350-60755
1
21
Hose clamp SNP-2-HSO
1400-1569
8
G2350A AED Service Manual
259
Replacement Parts
Water drawer, AED serial no. > 1000166
Figure 168. Water flow path diagram, version 1
Tee union
Cavity
To interlock on
main board
Water board
1
Pressure
sensor
Fan
Heat
exchange
Reservoir
Filter
IS volt DC from
water control
board
Water board
Control circuit
Restrictor
Pump
1 Interlock
Figure 169. Water flow path diagram, version 2
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
260
Replacement Parts
Water drawer, AED serial no. < 1000166
Water drawer, AED serial no. < 1000166
5*
1*
6
2
7
3
4
8*
Figure 170.
Released: MAY 2000
Water drawer for AED serial no. < 1000166
G2350A AED Service Manual
261
Replacement Parts
Water drawer, AED serial no. < 1000166
See Figure 170 for an illustration of the water drawer.
Number
Description
Part number
Qty/Assy
Water drawer
G2350-61250
–
1
Modified water board assembly*
G2350-60080
N/A
2
Water pump assembly
G2350-61445
1
3
1/8 in ID×1/8 in wall neoprene tubing
0890-1745
N/A
4
Tubing per cured Si rubber
0890-1831
N/A
5
Switch, pressure*
115226
N/A
G2350-60710
1
Nuts
Washers
6
RP-reservoir assembly
Reservoir clips
2
7
0.5 µm water filter element
G2350-80300
1
8
Flow sensor*
0960-0877
N/A
G2350-60750
N/A
Elbow mounting screws
Washers
NS
Water drawer control cable assy*
*To upgrade your water drawer, order the following parts:
Description
Part number
Qty
Tee fitting
0100-1685
1
Water control board
G2350-60085
1
Water drawer cable
G2350-60755
1
Clamp
1400-1569
2
Restrictor
G2350-20890
1
Reducer fitting
0100-0121
1
See Figure 168 for a plumbing diagram.
See Water drawer, AED serial no. > 1000166 on page 257 for additional
replacement parts.
Released: MAY 2000
G2350A AED Service Manual
262
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