OPERATOR`S MANUAL

OPERATOR`S MANUAL
IN,TERNATIONAL 144T CULTIVATOR SETTING UP INSTRUCTIONS
OPERATOR'S MANUAL ®
To The Owner Your new InternaHonal Harvester cultivator
is designed to meet today's exacting opera­
t ing requirements. The ease of operation,
and ability to adjust to field conditions lighten
yourwork and shorten your hours on the job.
You are urged to consult your local Interna­
tional Harvester dealer concerning unusual
conditions or special applications. let the
experience of your dealer and the organiza­
tion associated with him serve you.
Be sure to read the instructions for Adjusting
and Operating in this manual'. Check each
item referred to and acquaint yourself with
the adjustments required to obtain effici'ent
operation and maximum trouble-free service.
Remember, a cultivator which is properly
lubricated and adjusted saves time, labor,
and fuel.
Afterthe operaHng season, thoroughly clean
your cuilivator and inspect it. Preve ntive
maintenance pays dividends. Your dealer
has original-equipment parts which assure
properfit and best performance. He is able to
recondition your equipment to a like-new
condition.
When in need of parts for the cu Itivator basic
unit, always specify the serial number in­
c'luding any prefix or suffix letters. The serial
number of the cultivator is located on the lift
arm on right side. Write this serial number in
the space provided bellow.
A standard of metric measurement known as
International System of Units (SI) has been
adopted for world- w ide use. English Units
followed by Metric Equivalents are used
throughout this manual. (Metric Equivalents
are given in parenthesis.)
1 - Cultivator serial number _ _ _ _ __
TECHNICAL PUBLICATIONS AVAILABLE !--------------------------------- Cu t Along This Line ------------------------------­
Tit le
Your International Harvester Dealer and
his f actory t rained servicemen are best
qual if ied to service your equipment . Up­
t o-date instructions and ad equate special
tools are also a part of your Dealer's
service facil ities.
Number
Price
Each
Qty.
Operat or' s Ma nual
Cultivator, 14 4 T .... __ . . . .. .. ...
1.70
1 696563 R
Parts Catalog
Cu rrent Cultivators .. . .. ... . . . ..
CU-s
4.90
I
This Operator's Manual was prepared to
instruct you in proper operation and
maintenance of your equipment. If y ou
desire additional information you may
purchase Service Manuals and/or Parts
Catalo gs. Additional copies of the
Operator's Manual are also available.
Servi c e Ma n ual
I
Not Available
~
TOTAl ____________
·S
Fill out the order blank and forward -I
together with your ch eck or money ~
order in the appropriat e amount (U.S.
~
Funds) to:
.£?
<:(
.....
Intern ational Harvester Company PRINTING AND DISTRIBUT ION SERVICES d
Please Print
Nlme _________________________________________
807 Blackhawk Dri ve Street Address _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Westmont , Illinois 60559
A ttention : Cashier
City ________________
s ~~
~~
________________
________________________
Zip Code
Date
S~ned
Do not send cash or SUmps
Prices subject to change without notice.
CONTENTS INTRODUCTION
2, 3
WORK SAFELY - FO LLOW THESE RULES
4
ENERGY CO NSERVATION - FOLLOW THESE RECOMME NDATIONS
5
ADJUSTING AN D OPERATING
Three Point Hitch Position Control Lever Auxilliary Hydraulic Control Lever General Gang Beam Take-up Bolts Pressure Springs Ground Tools Height of Lift Shield Adjustable Rear Gang Beams Wedge Bolt Clamps Road Transport Preparation 6 to 10
6
6
7
7
7, 8
9
8
9
10
10
10
STORAGE
11
SETTING UP
1 2 to 15
OPTIONAL EQUIP MENT
Rear Section 21 Disk Hiller 22 Disk Hiller 122 Shield 16, 17
16
17
17
17
A
CAUTION
1
INTRODUCTION Cultivator on tractor 6 16 tool equipment and opt ional rea r
sect ion show n
The International 144T Cultivator is a one­
row cultivator deSigned for use on the Inter­
national 274 Tractor with hydraulic lift sys­
tem. Cotton, corn, potatoes, and other crops
may be cultivated when plant ed in rows
spaced from 40" to 58" (1016 to 1473 mm)
apart. The operator has a clear, unobstru cted
view of the row due to the offset of the tractor
seat. Small crops are followed accurate ly
and where conditions permit, cultiv ating
speedsupt04-1/2(7.2 km/h) miles per hour
can be maintained.
All adjustments for depth and lifting at the
ends of the field are accomplished from th e
driver's seat by means of the hydraulic lift
system control levers. The three-point hitch
pOSit ion control lever controls the rear section
and the auxiliary hydraulic control lever raises
or lowers the front section. Instant and pos­
it ive depth control enables the driver to
cu ltivate hard and soft spots in the field to a
uniform depth.
Th e universal mounting frame consists of
two parallel-action gang assemblies mounted
one o n each side at the front of the tractor.
Each assembly includes a frame, push pipe
wit h pressure spring, parallel-acting gangs,
and a tool bar attachi ng bracket. The at­
taching bracket is provided with a keyhole
slot to facilitate attaching and detaching the
grou nd w orking tools without disturbing their
adjustm e nt.
The cultivator gangs are easily and quickly
attached or detached without distu rbing any
of the set adjustments when the tractor is to
be used for some other purpose. This assures
the cultivator working at the same depth and
in th e sam e relation to the row when it is reat­
tached as it did when last used.
2
INTR ODUCTION The ground working tools have 1-1/4" round
standards. The standard clamps are the
s'i ngle wedg&bolt type which are easily and
quickly adjusted. The clamp is designed so
that a single wedge bolt secures the vertical
adjustment of the standard and, at the same
time the position of the clamp along t he tool
bar. Too.1bar extensions are provided for the
sweep runn ing next to the row an d t hese
have ample adjustment so the sweep may be
set closer to or farther from the row, as
desired.
Front section tool equipments having the 16 Style Spring Trips are available as follows: The 4 16 Front Section Tool Eq uip ment
includes tool bars, standard clamps four
spring trip standards, two 8" (203 m ~) full
sweeps, and two 10" (254 mm) half-sweeps.
The 616 Front Section Tool Equipm ent
incl u des t ool bars, st andard clamps six
spri ng t rip standards, four 8" (203 mm) full
sweeps, an d two 10" (254 mm) half-sweeps.
The cultivator is available with 16 Style Spring
Trip tooling equipment.
The following attachments are available to
meet the requirements imposed by the var­
ious crop and soil conditions.
Disk Hillers - for throwing dirt to the row or
for barring off.
122 Shields - prevents dirt from covering
the crops.
Rear Section - to remove tire t racks.
,, ~
.
CAUTIONI Whenever dismounting
from a vehicle stop all power
sources, lower equipment to the
ground, shut off engine, use park brake or
lock, and remove key.
A
MA·' ....
3
WORK SAFELY - FOLLOW THESE RULES A
Instructions given with this symbol
are for personal safety. Be sure
you and your workers follow them .
A CAREFU L OPERATOR 1$ THE BEST INSURANCE AGAINST AN ACCIDENT
A.ft~r servic~ng, be sure all tools, parts, or ser­
VICing equipment are removed from the
machine.
Misuse or modification of this machine can
cause:
- mechanical breakdown
- property damage,
- injury or death.
Make sure that there is no one near the
machine before starting it.
Always use proper safety precautions. Tell
your workers how to wor,k safely.
Use only metric tools on metric fasteners.
DURI NG OPERATION
BEFO RE OPERAnNG
No one other than the operator should ride
on the tractor.
Do not wear loose-fitting clothing; it may
catch in moving parts.
Do not attempt to remove any obstructions
from while the cultivator is in motion.
Use extreme care when making adjustments.
Keep hands, feet, clothing and objects away
from movi ng parts.
When working under or arou nd the cu Itivator,
always support the cultivator frame and row
units.
Do not ride on the cultivator during operation.
Use extreme care when operating close to
ditches, fences, or on hillsides.
ON-H IGHWAY OPERATION
Comply with your state and local laws gov­
erning highway safety, and with regulations
when moving machinery on a highway.
Drive at a reasonable speed to maintain
complete control of the machine at all times.
The S. M. V. reflector emblem should be used
at all times on public roads. Also turn on the
tractor flas hing yellow lights.
A.
_
CAUTION I aefore handling ANY
equipment, READ the OPERA­
TOR'S MANUAL
-..t..71
4
ENERGY CONSERVATION FOLLOW THESE RECOMMENDAT IONS [~1
An Energy Conservation Plan Is your best insurance
against was te. Energy is Money. Don't Waste It I!
An Energy Conservation Plan consists of:
1. Being sure the equipment is. properly adjusted to the task being performed . Review Opera­
tors Manual thoroughly .
2. Being sure the operator is thoroughly trained in the operation of the equipment. Review
Operators Manual thoroughly .
3. Being sure that proper lubrication and maintenance procedures are followed . Review
Operators Manual thoroughly .
4. Matching as closely as possible the tractor size (horsepower) to the implement size and soil
conditions.
The following additional recommendations are ma de by Product and Test Engineers to assist
you in operating your equipment at maximum efficiency. To do so will allow you to get the most
out of your dollars spent on energy.
1 - Keep sweeps sharpened. 2 - Operate up to 4-1/2 M. P. H. 5
ADJUSTING AND OPERATING THREE POINT HITCH POSITIO N
CONTROL LEVER
AUXILIARY HYDRAULIC CONTROL LEVER
1
2
3
4
5
1 - Three poi nt hitch position co ntrol lever
2 - Maximum rai sed position
3 - Maximum lowered position
4 - Lever lock latch
The lever is used to raise or lower the equip­
ment mou nted to the three point hitch.
A
CAUTI ON ! When transporting the
tractor on t he road with the equi ~
ment mounted on the three point
hitch, always lock the control lever w ith
the latc h at the highest position.
•
.
•
.
Auxiliary hydraulic control lever
Raise pos ition
Lower position Neutral latch Lever lock latch
The double acting auxil iary control valve is
provided on the three point hitch position
control valve and operated by the lever.
The au xiliary control valve actuates the
auxiliary hydrau lic cylinder and raises or
lowers th e mid-mounted cultivator.
A n adjustable stop collar on the ~ylinder rod
w ill automatically stop the cylinder at a
pre-set depth.
A
CAUTION! Never park equipment
in the raised position. Mov ing the
co ntro l lever w ill lower the equi ~
me nt even tho ugh th e en g ine is not
running. If it is necess ary to service the
equipm ent in th e ra ised position, use
jackstands to safely bl ock the equipment
in place.
When the lever is moved to the rear, the
auxiliary hydraulic cylinder retracts to raise
the cultivator.
6
ADJ USTING AND OPERATING GEN ERA L
Extra weight on the tractor wheels is reco m­
mended for cultivating hillside fields and to
better stabilize the tractor. For this purpose,
liquid in the tires (such as calcium chlori de
solution) or wheel weights (avai lable on
special order) may be used.
NOTE: Before operating the cult ivator, be
sure all bolts and set screws are perfectly
tight, and all cotters are spread to keep them
from falling out.
A
GANG BEAM TAKE-UP BOLTS
The gang beam bearings and the tool bar
clamps on the front section are provided with
split bearings with take-up bolts "A". These
bolts are provided to remove any side play in
the gangs. Keep them d rawn up as the
bearings wear but not so tight as to cause
the gangs to bind.
CAunoNI No riders.
. .' .... a
PRESSURE SPRI NGS
For ordi nary working conditions, the pressure
springs "B" should be set so aslight pressure
is exerted on the g angs. In hard ground, it
may be necessary to increase the spring
pressure.
Front Section: To increase the pressure on
t he gangs, rai se the cu lt ivator, loosen set
screw "G", st retch the spring to give the
desired tension, and tighten t he set screw
securely.
7
ADJUSTI NG AND OPERATING Rear Section: To increase the pressure on
the gangs, raise the cultivator, loosen set
screw" D", compress the spring to give the
desired tension, and tighten the set screw
securely. Be sure that set collars" F" are also
secure. For normal working conditions, coillar
"F" works best if set next to cotter pin.
NOTE: If the gangs do not penetrate properly
after making these adjustments, check the
settings of the shovels.
~-
25" (Maximum)
23-1/2" (Minimum)
__ ,
~.
l.
_ cd · 6~~~.:r~.ft~~~~~~~,~<,~?~?>:~·~~.~-~~.d ) 6.
I
The height of lift may be controlled by the
length at which the lift rods are set or by the
auxiliary hydraulic control lever stop. Which­
ever method is used to determine the height
of lift, be sure the machine does not strike
the tractor when raised.
Lift Rod Adjustment
1. Loosen the set screw" E" on both rods.
2. Push the auxiliary hydraulic control lever
to the extreme forward position.
3. Raise t he right gang until the lift arm
strikes the gear housing and then lower it
slightly and tighten the set screw" E" in this
position.
AUTION I R•• d Op .rator'.
Uan...1before dll.s.embly of a
4. Raise the left gang until it is level with the
right and tighten the set screw" E".
loaded spring.
5. Tighten the jam nuts so the set screws
cannot come loose.
~
.....·111850
HEI GHT OF LIFT
The height of lift for the front section will neo­
essar'ily be limited by the under side of the
tractor. The amount of space provided for lift­
ing will vary with the different styles of equip­
ment and the various attachments. Ample
adjustment is provided to give maximum lift
to any of t he various ground tools th at may
be used, but a careful check must be
made as each machine is set u p or re­
mounted to see that it does not strike the
tractor when raised .
Minimu m Lift Rod Setting: If the lift rods
are set shorter than the minimum length,
damage to the mounting frame may occur if
the gangs are lowered to the lowest possible
position.
Maxi mu m Li ft Rod Setting: If the lift rods
are set longer than the maximum length,
damage to the mounting frame or tractor
may occur if the gangs are raised as high as
possible.
8
ADJUSTING AND OPERATING GROUND TOOLS
Standard Adj ustment
It i,s important to operate the cultivator wit h
the standards adjusted to a vertical position,
and the shovels or sweeps poi nting directly
forward. When t his is do ne, more accurate
spaci ng of the tools is obtained, and t he
standard shanks will function properly when
an obstruction is encountered in t he fi eld.
The shan ks are all adjustable to give the
proper pitch to the sweeps or shovels.
Spring Trips
Spring trips are adjusted at t he factory t o t rip
properly and will work until all ordinary con di­
tions. Adjustment should not be c hang ed
unless absolutely necessary.
The pitch of the sweeps (or shovels) may be
changed on the 16 Spring Trips by turning
the adjusting bolt indicated at" N".
SHIELD
The height of the shield above the row is
controlled by adjusting the clip " J". To adjust
the shield, loosen the rear bolt in the shield
support, set the shield as desired, bring the
clip to bear against the pivot link, and tighten
th e bolt securely.
To move the shield toward or away from the
row, loose n t he U-bolt" K" holding the shield
to the tool bar extension and adjust as desired.
Spring trips may be made to trip harder by
tightening the spring nut " J" . To do this,
simply grasp the spring and turn it by hand,
which in turn will usually turn the nut unless
the nut has become rusty during use.
Awood packing block will be fou nd betw een
the adjusting bar and the sprin g bracket at
"K" on the 16 Spri ng Trip. Make certain
these wood blocks are removed before using
the cultivator.
16 Spring Trip.
9
ADJUSTING AND OPERATING ADJUSTABLE REAR GANG BEAM S
The gang beams forthe rear sections may be
set so the sweeps run direcHy behind the
tractor rear wheels for wheel treads ranging
from 40" to 58" (1016 to 1473 mm).
To Loosen the Clamps: Back off the nut
until it is near the end of the wedge bolt and
strike the end of the wedge bolt with a
hammer. Use care not to strike the corners of
the nut orthe threads may become damaged.
Do not pull other implements with the
rear sections attached.
ROAD TRANSPORT PREPARATION
Be sure that the cult ilv ator is in the fully
raised position before transporting.
MA-19103
WEDGE BOLT C LAMPS
It is important that the wedge bolt clamps be
tightened securely so that the spring trip
does not come loose. This is easily done by
.using a hammer and wrench as shown.
To Tighten the Clamps: Drive the wedge
bolt in place with a hammer. Tighten the nut
with a wrench and, at the same time strike
the head of the wedge bolt with the hammer.
Continue to do this until the wedge bolt i1s
tight.
Drive at a reasonable speed to maintain
complete cantra ll of the machine at all times.
Comply wi th your state and local laws and
regu l1ations governing highway safety when
moving machinery on a highway.
Be sure that all safety reflectors, and SMV
emblem are wiped clean before transporting.
Be sure that all safety reflectors and the
S. M. V. emblem are not obscured from traffic.
The S.M.V. emblem should be used at all
times on public roads. Also turn on the tractor
flashing yellow lights.
10 STORAGE Inspect the machine for any worn or broken
parts and replace.
Shelter the machine in a dry place.
Clean the machine of all dirt, trash, etc. If left
on, it will hold moisture and thus cause
serious damage from rust.
Lubricate the machine completely following
the instructions under "Lubrication".
Repaint any bare or rusted spots.
11 SETTING UP STE P 1. GENERAL NOTE: The cultivato r is designed for use on
International®274 Tractor havi ng rear wheels
equipped with maximum t ire size of 12.4- 24
tires.
Remove all wires and arrange the parts
~onveniently.
Lubricate all moving parts and see that they
work freely.
Whenever the terms " left" and "right" are
used, it should be understood to mean from a
position behind and facing the tractor.
Bolts and pins must be used in the holes in
which they are found, or in the parts to which
they are attached, unless otherwise shown.
During assembly, tighten the bolts to the
nu mber of foot-pounds or (Newton Meters)
as indicated in the table unless otherwise
specified.
Use only met ric tools on metric fasteners.
ENGLISH BOLT TORQUE IN FOOT
POUrt,JDS AND NEWTO N METERS
Bolt
Dia.
Inches
1/4
5/16
3/8
7/16
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1
Type 1
Ft.
(N-m)
Ibs.
TypeS
Ft.
(N-m)
Ibs.
6
13
23
37
55
104
185
315
445
10
20
35
57
85
170
305
445
670
(8)
(18)
(31 )
(50)
(75)
(141 )
(251)
(427)
(603)
(14)
(27)
(47)
(77)
(115)
(230)
(414)
(603)
(908)
Type 8
Ft.
(N-m)
Ibs.
13
(18)
29
(39)
48
(65)
80 (108)
123 (167)
235 (319)
425 (567)
690 (936)
1050 (1424)
M ETRIC BOLT T ORQUE IN N EWTON­
METERS
Nominal
Thread
Diameter
( mm)
M6
M7
M8
M10
M12
M14
M16
M18
M20
M22
M24
NOTE: For plated bolts use 85% of chart
figures.
U- BOLT TORQUE
Use type 1 torque of comparabl e size bolts.
12 Class 5.8
Class 8.8
Class 9.8
-
Mi n.
Max.
Mi n.
Max.
Min.
Max.
7
12
17
34
59
94
146
1202
1
285
389
493
8
13
19
38
66
106
164
227
321
437
554
11
19
27
54
94
150
233
323
456
622
788
13
21
31
61
106
169
263
363
513
699
886
13
21
30
60
105
168
261
14
24
34
68
118
189
293
-
_.
-
-
-
SETTI NG UP
STEP 2. UNIVERSAL MOUNTING FRAME Right side of tractor.
1. Sl ide the left frame bar into the square
housing base and tighten the hex. head bolts.
2. Slide th e right frame bar into the square
hous.ing base and tighten the hex. head bolts.
NOTE: International 274 Tractors with seri al
numbers 8329 and below may requ ire a shim,
part No. 1 264 077 C1, to remove looseness
between the square hou sing and the cultiva­
tor frame bars. Order from se rvice parts.
MA·19105
3. Attach the lift rods to the lift arms and to
the auxiliary hydraulic arms as shown.
NOTE: See"HEIGHTOF LIFT" i,ntheAdjust­
ing and Operating Instructions before at­
tempting to ope rate the machine.
1 - Square housing
2 • Shim
13 SETIING UP
STE P 3 . FOUR-SWEE P FRON T SECTION
4 16 T ool Equipment
1. Attach the tool bar assemblies to the mounting frame. 2. Bolt the sweeps to the standards, with the
half sweeps on the short standards.
4. Loosen the tool bar extension clamps and
adjust the standards closer to or farther from
the row, as desired. Tighten the clamp
securely after making an adjustment.
3. Attach the standards to the tool bars, with
the long standards in the rear and the short
standards, with the half sweep, next to the
row.
14 SEnl NG UP
STEP 3 . SIX-SWEE P FRONT SECTION
6 16 Tool Equipme nt
MA-19107
1. Attach the tool bar assemblies to the
mounting frame.
2. Bolt the sweeps to the standards.
4. Loosen the tool bar extension clamps and
adjust the standards closer to or farther from
the row, as desired. Tighten the clamp
secu re ly afte r making an adjustment.
3. Attach the standards to the tool bars, with
the short standards next to the row.
15 OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT REAR SECTION
MA-19108
NOTE: For rear sections, the fixed drawbar
must be removed. If the tractor has a three­
point hitch, the stabilizer and lower li nks
must be removed before attaching the rear
section gangs.
beam so that lift rod clears t he power take-off
sh ield. Also, ma ke sure that at fu ll lift, the
clamps" B" do not strike the tire.
4. Attach th e pressure rod with spring to the
lift rod bracket and secu re with set collar and
cotter pin. Attach t he other end of the lift rod
to the t ractor rockshaft arm and secure with
t he klik pin. Refer to " Pressure Springs" in
" ADJUSTING A D OPERATING" section.
1. Attach the bearing mounting bracket to
the rear attaching pad on t he rear axle
housing.
2. Insert the gang beams into t he mounting
bracket. Secure with washer (1 .28 x 2.0 x
054 ga.) and klik pin.
5. Bolt the sweeps to the standards.
6. Raise the gangs and attach the stan dards
to the gangs with the wedge-bolt clamps.
3. Bolt the lift rod bracket to the gang beam
with U-bolt and nuts. NOTE: Position th e
brackets" A" close to the bend of the gan9
16
OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT 21 DI SK HILLER
1. Remove the standards next to the row
and clamp the disk hillers in place as shown.
22 DISK H ILLER 1. Remove th e standards next to the row
and cl am p the disk hillers in place as shown.
122 S H IELD
Spring Trip T ool Equipment
1. Attach the shield to the tool bar extens ion
as shown, and adjust it in relation to the row
as desired.
17 MEMORANDA 18 MEASUREMENT UNITS Metric Equivalent (51)
Engli sh Un it
Area
1 square inch (in 2 )
1 acre
6.45 square centimetre (em 2)
0.405 hectare(ha)
Force
4.45 newton (N)
1 pound-force (lbf)
Leng th
304 .8 millimetre (mm), 30.5 centimetre (em),
0.305 metre (m)
25.4 millimetre (mm), 2.54 centimetre (em)
1609 metre (m) , 1.61 kilometre (km)
1 foot (tt)
1 inch (in)
1 mile
Mass
0.454 kilogram (kg)
1 pou nd (lb)
Power
0 .746 kilowatt (kW)
1 horsepower (hp)
Pressure
1 pound-force per square
inch, psi (lbf lin 2 )
6.89 ,k ilopascal (kPa), 0.0068 9 mega pascal (MPa)
Temperature
t degree Fahrenheit (OF)
(t - 32) degree Celsius (·C)
1.8
Torque
1 pound-torce foot (lbf·ft)
1.356 newton metre (N' m)
Velocity
1 mile per hour (mph)
1.61 kilometre per hour (km/h)
Volume
1 US bushel
1 US gal.lon (US gal)
1 US quart (US qt)
0 .035 cubic metre (m 3 )
3 .79 IHre (L)
0 .946 litre (U
,
INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER COMPANY
401 NORTH MICHIGAN AVE. / CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60611/ U.S.A.
1 096 563 R2. 9-81.
PAINTED IN UNITED STAT£S OF AMERICA
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