Service Manual - Frank`s Hospital Workshop

Service Manual - Frank`s Hospital Workshop
Service Manual
AVEA Ventilator Systems
L1524 Rev. C
© 2006 VIASYS® Respiratory Care Inc.
Service Manual
ii
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Revision History
Date
Revision
Pages
Changes
August 2002
Rev. A
All
Released Engineering Document
Control ECO
July 2003
Rev. B
All
Add Exception button and
Exception screen to Error Log
screen. Add list of error codes.
Add OVP kits & instructions.
Add Software upgrade
instructions. Add heliox Smart
connector instructions. Add
Compressor upgrade
instructions. Add cart instructions
(both). Add external battery
pack instructions. Add Insp &
Exp transducer Cal instructions.
Add ref to Communications
Protocol. Add unpacking &
setup instructions.
Reorganize chapters, add
chapter 3, add chapter 5 (OVP),
add software upgrade info
(chapter 6), add chapter 9, add
chapter 10, add appendix D.
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iii
Service Manual
January 2006
iv
Rev. C
Throughout
Updated the company name.
vi
Added external batteries to the
Limitation of Liability.
1-7
Added symbols for the battery
and for HeOx.
2-1
Updated the General
Description.
2-2
Changed the references of the
Tracheal Catheter and the
Esophageal Balloon.
2-3
Changed “O2 bottle” to “O2 tank.”
2-6
Changed the Monitor MCU
description.
2-9
Updated the description of the
power supply system and the
Transducer / Alarm PCB.
2-12
Updated the description of the
heated expiratory system.
3-1
Updated the standard-stand
carton contents table.
3-8
Updated the procedure for
setting up the Customer
Transport Cart kit.
3-11 – 3-12
Updated figures.
3-14
Added part number references to
“E Cylinder Bracket Assembly
Instructions.”
4-1
Added Pediatric Patient Circuit to
the list of equipment.
4-2
Removed the note regarding the
UIM.
4-3
Replaced the word “arm” with
“neck.” Removed the note
regarding the UIM.
4-4
Added a note regarding the
screws to the Metal Top Cover
section.
4-4 – 4-7
Updated the Gas Delivery
Engine Removal procedure.
4-11 – 4-12
Updated the fuse specifications.
4-15 – 4-16
Updated the Compressor /Scroll
Pump section.
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
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4-16
Changed the part number of the
Enhanced Patient Monitor board.
4-18 – 4-19
Added the fan assembly and
power supply part numbers.
4-22
Added part numbers to step 1 of
the removal procedure.
4-23
Changed step 5 of the
Installation procedure to include
the part number.
5-1
Added references to PSI to the
Setup procedure.
5-4 – 5-7
Updated the Manual Alarms
Testing section.
5-10
Added two steps to the Testing
Guidelines section.
5-11
Added step 22 to the Membrane
Switch test.
5-12 – 513
Op. Verification Checklist
5-16
Updated the Checkout Sheet.
A-58
Replaced figure A-1
A-59 – A-60
Updated the MIB Connection
section.
A-61
Added the Blender Bleed
section.
A-62
Added the Sound Levels section.
A-63 – A-64
Updated the Water Trap section.
A-66
Updated the Message Bar Text
table.
A-69 – A-74
Added the Monitor Ranges and
Accuracies table.
A-75
Added the Sensor Specifications
and Circuit Resistance table.
A-76
Added the Hot Wire Flow Sensor
Specifications table.
A-77
Added the Circuit Resistance
section.
v
Service Manual
Notices
Copyright Notice
Copyright © 2006 VIASYS Respiratory Care Inc.
This work is protected under Title 17 of the U.S. Code and is the sole property of the Company. No part
of this document may be copied or otherwise reproduced, or stored in any electronic information
retrieval system, except as specifically permitted under U.S. Copyright law, without the prior written
consent of the Company. For more information, contact:
USA
European Authorized Representative
VIASYS Respiratory Care Inc.
VIASYS Healthcare GmbH
22745 Savi Ranch Parkway
Leibnizstrasse 7
Yorba Linda, California 92887-4668
97204 Höchberg
U.S.A.
Germany
Telephone: 800 231-4645
Fax:
(1) (714) 283-2228
Telephone:
(49) (931) 4972-0
(1) (714) 283-8471
Fax:
(49) (931) 4972-423
www.viasyshealthcare.com
Trademark Notices
AVEA® is a registered trademark of VIASYS Respiratory Care Inc. in the U.S. and some other
countries. All other brand names and product names mentioned in this manual are trademarks,
registered trademarks, or trade names of their respective holders.
EMC Notice
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy. If not installed and used in
accordance with the instructions in this manual, electromagnetic interference may result. The
equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits set forth in EN60601-1-2 for Medical
Products. These limits provide reasonable protection against electromagnetic interference when
operated in the intended use environments described in this manual.
The ventilator has been tested to conform to the following specifications:
MIL-STD-461D:1993, MIL-STD-462D:1993, EN55011:1991, IEC 1000-4-2:1994, IEC 1000-4-3:1994,
IEC 1000-4-4:1994, IEC 1000-4-5:1994, QUASI-STATIC:1993
This ventilator is also designed and manufactured to comply with the safety requirements of IEC 601-1,
IEC 601-2-12, CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 601.1-M90, and UL 2601-1.
vi
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
MRI Notice
This equipment contains electromagnetic components whose operation can be affected by intense
electromagnetic fields.
Do not operate the ventilator in an MRI environment or in the vicinity of high-frequency surgical
diathermy equipment, defibrillators, or short-wave therapy equipment. Electromagnetic interference
could disrupt the operation of the ventilator.
Intended Use Notice
The AVEA Ventilators are designed to provide ventilator support for the critical care management of
infant, pediatric or adult patients with compromised lung function. They are intended to provide
continuous respiratory support in an institutional health care environment. They should only be
operated by properly trained clinical personnel, under the direction of a physician.
Regulatory Notice
Federal law restricts the sale of this device except by or on order of a physician.
IEC Classification
Type of Equipment:
Medical Equipment, Class 1 type B
Adult/Pediatric/Infant Lung Ventilator
Declaration of Conformity Notice
This medical equipment complies with the Medical Device Directive, 93/42/EEC, and the following
Technical Standards, to which Conformity is declared:
EN60601-1
EN60601-1-2
ISO 13485
EU Notified Body:
BSI (Reg. No. 0086)
Trade names:
0086
AVEA Ventilator
If you have a question regarding the Declaration of Conformity for this product, please contact VIASYS
Respiratory Care Inc. at the number given in Appendix A.
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vii
Service Manual
Warranty
THE AVEA® ventilator systems are warranted to be free from defects in material and workmanship and
to meet the published specifications for TWO (2) years or 16,000 hours, whichever occurs first.
The liability of VIASYS Respiratory Care Inc., (referred to as the Company) under this warranty is
limited to replacing, repairing or issuing credit, at the discretion of the Company, for parts that become
defective or fail to meet published specifications during the warranty period; the Company will not be
liable under this warranty unless (A) the Company is promptly notified in writing by Buyer upon
discovery of defects or failure to meet published specifications; (B) the defective unit or part is returned
to the Company, transportation charges prepaid by Buyer; (C) the defective unit or part is received by
the Company for adjustment no later than four weeks following the last day of the warranty period; and
(D) the Company’s examination of such unit or part shall disclose, to its satisfaction, that such defects
or failures have not been caused by misuse, neglect, improper installation, unauthorized repair,
alteration or accident.
Any authorization of the Company for repair or alteration by the Buyer must be in writing to prevent
voiding the warranty. In no event shall the Company be liable to the Buyer for loss of profits, loss of
use, consequential damage or damages of any kind based upon a claim for breach of warranty, other
than the purchase price of any defective product covered hereunder.
The Company warranties as herein and above set forth shall not be enlarged, diminished or affected
by, and no obligation or liability shall arise or grow out of the rendering of technical advice or service by
the Company or its agents in connection with the Buyer's order of the products furnished hereunder.
Limitation of Liabilities
This warranty does not cover normal maintenance such as cleaning, adjustment or lubrication and
updating of equipment parts. This warranty shall be void and shall not apply if the equipment is used
with accessories or parts not manufactured by the Company or authorized for use in writing by the
Company or if the equipment is not maintained in accordance with the prescribed schedule of
maintenance.
The warranty stated above shall extend for a period of TWO (2) years from date of shipment or 16,000
hours of use, whichever occurs first, with the following exceptions:
1.
Components for monitoring of physical variables such as temperature, pressure, or flow are
warranted for ninety (90) days from date of receipt.
2.
Elastomeric components and other parts or components subject to deterioration, over which the
Company has no control, are warranted for sixty (60) days from date of receipt.
3.
Internal batteries are warranted for ninety (90) days from the date of receipt.
4.
External batteries are warranted for one (1) year from the date of receipt.
The foregoing is in lieu of any warranty, expressed or implied, including, without limitation, any warranty
of merchantability, except as to title, and can be amended only in writing by a duly authorized
representative of the Company.
viii
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Contents
Revision History............................................................................................................. iii
Notices ............................................................................................................................ vi
Warranty........................................................................................................................ viii
Chapter 1 Introduction ............................................................................................. 1-1
Safety Information...................................................................................................................... 1-1
Equipment Symbols................................................................................................................... 1-4
Chapter 2 Theory of Operation ................................................................................ 2-1
General Description ................................................................................................................... 2-1
High Level Design ...................................................................................................................... 2-3
Detail Design .............................................................................................................................. 2-5
Chapter 3 Installation Instructions.......................................................................... 3-1
Stand Assembly ......................................................................................................................... 3-1
Comprehensive Assembly Instructions ................................................................................... 3-4
Customer Transport Cart Kit P/N 11372 ................................................................................... 3-8
“E” Cylinder Bracket Assembly Instructions......................................................................... 3-14
Assembly Instructions for Comprehensive Cart Tank Rack Bracket ................................. 3-18
AVEA Unpacking Instructions................................................................................................. 3-19
SETTING UP THE REAR OF THE VENTILATOR..................................................................... 3-22
Medical Gas Connector Kit Installation Instructions ............................................................ 3-22
Air and Heliox Tethered “Smart” Connector Installation Instructions ................................ 3-25
Heliox “Smart” Connector Installation Instructions (DISS P/N 51000-40918) ..................... 3-27
Chapter 4 Assembly and Disassembly................................................................... 4-1
General Instructions and Warnings.......................................................................................... 4-1
Recommended Tools & Equipment .......................................................................................... 4-1
Gas Delivery Engine P/N 16222A .............................................................................................. 4-4
Ventilator wheeled base .......................................................................................................... 4-10
Internal Batteries P/N 68339A.................................................................................................. 4-10
Compressor/Scroll Pump P/N 51000-09750A......................................................................... 4-15
Enhanced Patient Monitor (EPM) Board P/N 51000-40848A ................................................. 4-16
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Service Manual
Fan Assembly P/N 51000-40861 .............................................................................................4-18
Power Supply P/N 16388 .........................................................................................................4-19
Exhalation Valve P/N 16319 and Exhalation Flow Sensor Assembly P/N 51000-40023 ......4-22
Exhalation housing P/N 20030.................................................................................................4-22
Heater Assembly P/N 51000-40824..........................................................................................4-24
Microswitch, Top Cover P/N 68294.........................................................................................4-24
EMI Shield..................................................................................................................................4-25
Front Interface Panel P/N 51000-40635 ...................................................................................4-25
Transition board with harness P/N 16216...............................................................................4-27
Alarm Speaker P/N 51000-40818.............................................................................................4-28
Nebulizer Assembly P/N 51000-40026....................................................................................4-29
Accumulator P/N 51000-40748.................................................................................................4-31
Secondary Alarm Installation (KitP/N 16316)..........................................................................4-32
General Instructions and Warnings ........................................................................................4-32
Recommended Tools & Equipment.........................................................................................4-32
Functional testing of the Secondary Alarm Assembly. .........................................................4-34
Chapter 5 Operational Verification Procedure (OVP) ........................................... 5-1
Set up.......................................................................................................................................... 5-1
User Verification Tests (UVT) ................................................................................................... 5-1
Return Flow Correction to BTPS upon completion of testing. .....................................................5-10
User Interface Module (UIM) Verification ................................................................................5-10
AVEA Assembly and Operational Verification Test Checklist ..............................................5-12
Field replacement and test of the AVEA Compressor Assembly .........................................5-12
Checkout Sheet – AVEA Compressor Replacement..............................................................5-16
Power Indicators and Charging Verification...........................................................................5-17
Battery Run Procedure.............................................................................................................5-17
Air/Oxygen Inlet Pressure Verification....................................................................................5-18
Breath Rate Verification. ..........................................................................................................5-19
Blending Accuracy Verification...............................................................................................5-19
PEEP Verification......................................................................................................................5-19
AVEA Assembly and Operational Verification Test Checklist ..............................................5-20
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Chapter 6 AVEA Software Upgrade......................................................................... 6-1
Requirements: ............................................................................................................................ 6-1
Procedure: .................................................................................................................................. 6-2
Software Install Verification AVEA Ventilators ...................................................................... 6-11
Installation Verification............................................................................................................ 6-11
Confirmation checks................................................................................................................ 6-11
Verification and Calibration..................................................................................................... 6-12
Test and Access of the Security System ............................................................................... 6-12
Chapter 7 Calibration................................................................................................ 7-1
Screen Calibration Procedure................................................................................................... 7-1
Transducer Calibration .............................................................................................................. 7-4
Calibration setup ........................................................................................................................ 7-5
Flow and Exhalation valve Characterization/Hysteresis Test .............................................. 7-18
Exhalation Valve Characterization Test ................................................................................. 7-19
Hysteresis Test......................................................................................................................... 7-20
Exhalation Valve Leak Test ..................................................................................................... 7-21
Chapter 8 Preventive Maintenance ......................................................................... 8-1
Replacing the O2 and Air/Heliox filters. ................................................................................... 8-2
Replacing the Compressor Inlet & Outlet filters...................................................................... 8-4
Replacing the Exhalation Diaphragm P/N 16240 ..................................................................... 8-5
Chapter 9 Troubleshooting ...................................................................................... 9-1
Chapter 10
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Parts List............................................................................................. 10-1
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Service Manual
Appendix A...................................................................................................................A-1
Contact & Ordering Information ...............................................................................................A-1
Diagrams and Schematics ........................................................................................................A-2
Specifications ..........................................................................................................................A-55
AVEA Message Bar Text .........................................................................................................A-66
Adjusting Barometric Pressure for Altitude ..........................................................................A-68
Monitor Ranges and Accuracies ............................................................................................A-69
Sensor Specifications & Circuit Resistance..........................................................................A-75
Hot Wire Flow Sensor Specifications.....................................................................................A-76
Circuit Resistance (per EN794 –1)..........................................................................................A-77
Advanced Pulmonary Mechanics Monitored Parameters ....................................................A-78
Glossary ...................................................................................................................................A-85
Index .................................................................................................................................1
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Chapter 1
Introduction
Safety Information
Please review the following safety information prior to operating the ventilator. Attempting to
operate the ventilator without fully understanding its features and functions may result in unsafe
operating conditions.
Warnings and Cautions which are general to the use of the ventilator under all circumstances are
included in this section. Some Warnings and Cautions are also inserted within the manual where they
are most meaningful.
Notes are also located throughout the manual to provide additional information related to specific
features.
If you have a question regarding the installation, set up, operation, or maintenance of the ventilator,
contact VASYS Respiratory Care customer care as shown in Appendix A, Contact & Ordering
Information.
Terms
WARNINGS
identify conditions or practices that could result in serious adverse reactions or
potential safety hazards.
CAUTIONS
identify conditions or practices that could result in damage to the ventilator or other
equipment.
NOTES
identify supplemental information to help you better understand how the ventilator
works.
Warnings
Warnings and Cautions appear throughout this manual where they are relevant. The Warnings and
Cautions listed here apply generally any time you work on the ventilator.
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•
Alarm loudness must be set above ambient sound in order to be heard.
•
Due to possible explosion hazard, the ventilator should not be used in the presence of
flammable anesthetics.
•
An audible alarm indicates an anomalous condition and should never go unheeded.
•
Anti-static or electrically conductive hoses or tubing should not be used within the patient
circuit.
•
If a mechanical or electrical problem is recognized while running the Operational Verification
Tests, or while operating the ventilator, the ventilator must be removed from use until the
problem has been identified and resolved.
•
The functioning of this equipment may be adversely affected by the operation of other
equipment nearby, such as high frequency surgical (diathermy) equipment, defibrillators,
short-wave therapy equipment, “walkie-talkies,” or cellular phones.
•
Water in the air supply can cause malfunction of this equipment.
1-1
Service Manual
•
Do not block or restrict the Oxygen bleed port located on the instrument back panel.
Equipment malfunction may result.
•
Electric shock hazard – Ensure the ventilator is disconnected from the AC power supply before
performing and repairs or maintenance. When you remove any of the ventilator cover panels,
immediately disconnect the internal battery “quick release” connector before working on the
ventilator. If the ventilator has an external battery installed, ensure that the external battery is
unplugged from the rear panel before proceeding
•
A protective ground connection by way of the grounding conductor in the power cord is
essential for safe operation. Upon loss of protective ground, all conductive parts including
knobs and controls that may appear to be insulated, can render an electric shock. To avoid
electrical shock, plug the power cord into a properly wired receptacle, use only the power cord
supplied with the ventilator, and make sure the power cord is in good condition.
The following warnings must be read and understood before performing the procedures described in
this manual.
1-2
•
Under no circumstances should this medical device be operated in the presence of flammable
anesthetics or other volatile materials due to a possible explosion hazard.
•
Liquid spilled or dripped into the unit may cause damage to the unit or result in an electrical
shock hazard.
•
Oxygen vigorously accelerates combustion. To avoid violent ignition, do not use any gauges,
valves, or other equipment that has been exposed to oil or grease contamination.
•
Do not use this device if any alarm/alert function is inoperative. To do so could result in a
malfunction without warning, possibly resulting in personal injury, including death or property
damage.
•
All tubing and fittings used to connect high pressure gas from the source to the test equipment
and from the test equipment to the device being tested must be capable of withstanding a
minimum supply pressure of 100 psi (7.03 kg/cm2). The use of tubing and fittings not capable
of withstanding this pressure could cause the tubing to rupture, resulting in personal injury or
property damage.
•
When verifying the operation of this medical device, do not breathe directly from the machine.
Always use a fresh bacterial filter and test circuit. Failure to do so may constitute a hazard to
the health of the service person.
•
If any of the procedures outlined in this document cannot be verified, do not use this device
and refer it to VIASYS Respiratory Care or a VIASYS Respiratory Care authorized service
facility or a VIASYS Respiratory Care trained hospital service technician.
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Cautions
The following cautions apply any time you work with the ventilator.
•
Ensure that the voltage selection and installed fuses are set to match the voltage of the wall
outlet, or damage may result.
•
A battery that is fully drained (i.e. void of any charge) may cause damage to the ventilator and
should be replaced.
•
All accessory equipment that is connected to the ventilator must comply with
CSA/IEC601/UL2601.
•
To avoid damage to the equipment, clean the air filter regularly.
The following cautions apply when cleaning the ventilator or when sterilizing ventilator
accessories.
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•
Do not sterilize the ventilator. The internal components are not compatible with sterilization
techniques.
•
Do not gas sterilize or steam autoclave tubing adapters or connectors in place. The tubing will,
over time, cause poor connection and possible leaks.
•
DO NOT submerge the ventilator or pour cleaning liquids over or into the ventilator.
•
Do not use MEK, Trichloroethylene or similar solutions as damage to surface may result. Do
not allow any liquid to spill or drip into the ventilator.
•
Circuit boards are subject to damage by static electricity. Do not touch components, circuit, or
connector fingers with hands. Handle only by edges.
1-3
Service Manual
Equipment Symbols
The following symbols may be referenced on the ventilator or in accompanying documentation
Symbol
Source/Compliance
Symbol #03-02 IEC 60878
Indicates ATTENTION, consult ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENTS
Symbol #5016 IEC 60417
This symbol indicates a FUSE.
Symbol #5034 IEC 60417
Symbol #01-36 IEC 60878
Symbol #5035 IEC 60417
Symbol #01-37 IEC 60878
Symbol #5019 IEC 60417
Symbol #01-20 IEC 60878
Symbol #5021 IEC 60417
Symbol # 01-24 IEC 60878
Symbol # 5333 IEC 60417
Symbol #02-03 IEC 60878
Symbol #5032 IEC 60417
This symbol indicates INPUT.
This symbol indicates OUTPUT
This symbol indicates protective EARTH (ground).
This symbol indicates the EQUIPOTENTIAL connection used to
connect various parts of the equipment or of a system to the
same potential, not necessarily being the earth (ground) potential
(e.g., for local bonding).
This symbol indicates TYPE B equipment, which indicates
equipment that provides a particular degree of protection against
electric shock, particularly with regards to allowable leakage
current and reliability of the protective earth connection.
Symbol #01-14 IEC 30878
This symbol is located on the rating plate. It indicates the
equipment is suitable for alternating current.
Symbol #5007 IEC 60417
Symbol #01-01 IEC 60878
Indicates ON (Power)
Symbol #5008 IEC 60417
Symbol #01-02 IEC 60878
Indicates OFF (Power)
Symbol #0651 ISO 7000
Horizontal return with line feed. Indicates ACCEPT entered
values for a specific field.
VIASYS Respiratory Care Symbol
Indicates PATIENT EFFORT
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
Indicates MANUAL BREATH
VIASYS Respiratory Care Symbol
MAIN SCREEN
Symbol #417 IEC 5102
EVENT READY
ACCEPT
1-4
Meaning
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
CANCEL
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VIASYS Respiratory Care Symbol
MODE
VIASYS Respiratory Care Symbol
ADVANCED SETTINGS
VIASYS Respiratory Care Symbol
SET-UP for patient Data
VIASYS Respiratory Care Symbol
SiPAP Duration
MDD Directive 93/42/EEC
CE Mark
Symbol #5307 IEC 60417
ALARM RESET
Symbol #5319 IEC 60417
ALARM SILENCE
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
ADULT patient
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
PEDIATRIC patient
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
NEONATAL (Infant) patient
Graphical Symbol in general use
internationally for “DO NOT”
CANCEL, do not accept entered values.
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
Select DISPLAYED SCREEN function.
Symbol 5467 IEC 60417
FREEZE the current display.
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
Enable the ALARM LIMITS screen
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
This symbol indicates a CONTROL LOCK.
1-5
Service Manual
1-6
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
NEBULIZER port
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
Increase OXYGEN
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
PRINT SCREEN
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
SUCTION port
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
VARIABLE ORIFICE FLOW SENSOR connection
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
HOT WIRE FLOW SENSOR connection
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
ANALOG IN/OUT connection
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
Display the MAIN SCREEN
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
DO NOT BLOCK PORT
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
EXTERNAL BATTERY connection
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
Indicates GAS ID port
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
OXYGEN SENSOR connection
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
OVERPRESSURE relief
VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
REMOTE NURSE CALL connection
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
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VIASYS Respiratory Care symbol
UNIVERSAL INTERFACE MONITOR connection
VIASYS Respiratory Care Symbol
This symbol indicates an EXTERNAL BATTERY INPUT
VIASYS Respiratory Care Symbol
This symbol indicates an INTERNAL BATTERY FUSE
VIASYS Respiratory Care Symbol
This symbol indicates ALARM LOUDNESS
VIASYS Respiratory Care Symbol
Operating on Battery Indicator
VIASYS Respiratory Care Symbol
Operating on Heliox
1-7
Service Manual
1-8
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Service Manual
Chapter 2
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Theory of Operation
General Description
AVEA is a software driven, servo-controlled ventilator designed to meet the requirements of neonate to
adult patients. The design intent of the device is to provide a high performance software-driven gas
delivery engine, which is capable of providing a full range of volume and pressure ventilation including
dual limb NIPPV. This affords the flexibility of developing new modes of ventilation with no impact to
the basic gas delivery engine. In addition, the device will contain a graphical user interface (GUI) that
utilizes a 12.1-inch SVGA color LCD screen with integral touch screen. The GUI will be used to change
settings and operating parameters as well as providing real time waveforms, digital monitors, and
alarms. The device also contains an internal battery that serves as a backup in case of loss of hospital
AC power. The Custom Cart may be equipped with tank holder, external batteries and battery tray for
use of the AVEA during inter-facility transport.
There are three models of AVEA; comprehensive, plus and standard. These are shown in table 2.1
based on the same basic platform. Additional models may be developed in the future by adding or
removing software and/or hardware features to the existing platform.
The AVEA is a fourth generation, servo-controlled, software-driven ventilator. It has a dynamic range of
breathing gas delivery that provides for neonatal through adult patients. Its revolutionary user interface
module (UIM) provides maximum flexibility with simple operator interaction. It has a flat panel color
LCD with real time graphic displays and digital monitoring capabilities, a touch screen for easy
interaction, membrane keys and a dial for changing settings and operating parameters. A precision gas
delivery engine with servo controlled active inhalation and exhalation improves performance over
previous generations.
The AVEA has been designed to function using most commonly available accessories. It is easy to
clean and its design does not allow liquids to pool on the casing, reducing the likelihood of fluid leakage
into the body of the ventilator.
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2-1
Service Manual
There are three models of AVEA to choose from: The Comprehensive, Plus, and the Standard. The
following matrix details the standard and optional functions available with each model.
Functions & Accessories
Standard
Plus
Comprehensive
All
All
All
Custom Cart
Option
Option
Included
External Battery (on custom cart only)
Option
Option
Option
Gas Tank Holder (on either cart)
Option
Option
Option
Internal Compressor
Option
Option
Included
Heliox Delivery
Option
Option
Included
Modes
Proximal Hot Wire Flow Sensing
Synchronized Nebulizer
24 Hour Trending
Internal Battery
Full Color Graphics Display
Loops and Waveforms
Standard Cart
Proximal Variable Orifice flow sensing
Proximal Airway Pressure Monitoring
Tracheal Pressure Monitoring
Esophageal Pressure Balloon
Internal Compressor
Heliox Delivery
Optional Functions & Accessories
2-2
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
High Level Design
AVEA has been designed with three basic modules, the user interface module (UIM), the pneumatics
module (PM), and the stand (see Figure 1). The UIM contains a graphical user interface (GUI) which
utilizes a 12.1-inch SVGA color LCD screen with integral touch screen. The UIM also contains a control
PCB that has two microprocessors, control and monitor. The monitor processor manages the GUI,
while the control processor has the real time control system that controls all of the mechanical valves in
the PM. The UIM communicates with the PM via a high-speed serial channel (HSSC). The HSSC also
provides power to the UIM.
The pneumatics module (PM) contains all of the mechanical valves, sensors, analog electronics, power
supply including the internal batteries, and the optional internal compressor. The pneumatics module
takes high-pressure air or 80/20 heliox and oxygen from an external wall source or other high-pressure
source. It filters the gas and blends them through a stepper motor controlled blender according to the
front panel settings. It then delivers the appropriate pressure or volume via a high-speed proportional
solenoid with flow sensor feedback. The high-speed control system occurs every 2 msec and is
computed in the control microprocessor in the UIM. The delivered gas flows to the patient through a
safety valve that has a mechanical over pressure relief valve as well as a sub-ambient valve. The gas is
forced into the patient by closing the servo-controlled voice coil exhalation valve, which is also
controlled by the control microprocessor in the UIM. The patient is allowed to exhale by the voice coil
exhalation valve, which also maintains baseline pressure or PEEP. The exhaled gas exits the patient
through the expiratory limb of the patient circuit to an integral heated expiratory filter to an external flow
sensor and out the exhalation valve to ambient air.
The pneumatics module has several additional capabilities. First it uses either air or 80/20 heliox for an
input gas, and corrects all blending, volume delivery, volume monitoring and alarming, and FiO2
monitoring and alarming based on the correct gas density. The system knows what the gas is, by a
patent pending gas ID that identifies the appropriate inlet DISS fitting with the gas that is being
delivered, which creates an inherently safer system for delivering heliox. The second capability is the
optional back up compressor that is battery backed up for a minimum of 30 minutes by a fully charged
internal battery, which allows for uninterrupted ventilation during a loss of AC power. The third feature is
the ability to monitor volume either at the expiratory limb of the machine or at the patient wye. This
allows for more accurate patient monitoring especially in infants while allowing the convenience of an
expiratory limb flow sensor protected by a heated filter. Finally, the fourth feature is the ability to
measure tracheal and esophageal pressures, which is currently commercially available only on other
VIASYS (Bear/Bird) ventilators.
The stand is used to support the ventilator at an ergonomically correct height. It may contain an optional
external battery for extended use with AC power (custom stand only). It also has an optional O2 tank
bracket so that the unit can be used without wall oxygen during inter-hospital transport. The stand does
not contain active electronic or mechanical components other than the optional external batteries, which
are charged when connected to A/C Power.
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2-3
Service Manual
Printer
USER
INTERFACE
MODULE
(UIM)
User Input
RS232 x 2
MIB
VGA
High
Speed
Serial
Channel
(HSSC)
Power
Ambient Air
Enhanced Pt.
Monitors
(Optional)
Gas ID
Air/Heliox
Pes
Paux
Faw
Nebulizer
Drive gas
O2 Supply
AC Power
24 VDC
COMPRESSOR
(Optional)
Humidfier
(Optional)
Nurse Call
Delivered Gas
Patient
Analog I/O,
ILV
Exhaled Gas
from patient
O2
sensor
PNEUMATICS MODULE
Exhaust,
Exhaled Flow
EXTERNAL BATTERY
(Optional)
CART
Figure 2-3
2-4
High End Device Modular Diagram
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Detail Design
User Interface Module (UIM)
The UIM consists of a 12.1-inch, 800x600 active matrix LCD with an analog resistive touch screen
overlay, a back light inverter, a set of membrane key panels, an optical encoder, and a Control PCB.
Software and the touch screen provide a set of context sensitive soft keys. The membrane panel
provides a set of hard (permanent) keys for dedicated functions. Selecting the function with a soft key
and adjusting the setting using the optical encoder changes a parameter. The parameter is accepted or
canceled by pressing the appropriate membrane key.
(3 & 4)
LCD & TOUCHSCREEN
(1 & 2)
(5) MEMBRANE PANEL WITH
EMBEDDED LED'S
BACK LIGHT AC VOLTAGE
DIGITAL
TOUCH
SCREEN
BACK LIGHT INVERTER
(6)
DIGITAL
CONTROL PCB
(7)
UNIVERSAL SERIAL BUS (FUTURE)
PRINTER
RS232
RS232
5V
DC-DC
CONVERTERS
RS232 (MIB)
5V, PRN PORT
(CRT)
3.3V, DIG LOGIC
24VDC
Figure 2-4
L1524
HIGH SPEED
SERIAL
User Interface Design Module Block Diagram
2-5
Service Manual
The UIM performs all ventilator control functions, gas calculations, monitoring and user interface
functions. The UIM uses a Graphical User Interface (GUI) via the active matrix SVGA LCD and resistive
touch screen to provide system and patient information to the user and to allow the user to modify
ventilator settings. The Control PCB (with two micro-controllers, RAM, ROM and support electronics)
provides all ventilator functions. The Control micro-controller (MCU) performs all gas calculations;
controls all valves, solenoids, and electronics required to deliver blended gas to the patient. The
Monitor MCU handles all user interface requirements, including updating the active matrix liquid crystal
display (LCD), monitoring the membrane keypad, analog resistive touch screen, and optical encoder for
activity. The Monitor MCU also performs all the input/output functions of the UIM, including RS-232,
printer, video output, and communication to patient monitors. Communication between the Control and
Monitor MCU’s is accomplished via an 8 bit dual port SRAM. In addition, both MPU's monitor each
other and both are independently capable of activating the fail safe system.
The UIM is self-contained and is tethered to the pneumatics module with a high-speed data and power
cable. All valves are contained in the pneumatics module; the control MCU controls all ventilator
functions via the high-speed serial channel (HSSC). The Monitor MCU provides additional input/output
functions contained in the ventilator. These functions include analog outputs, independent lung
ventilation, and nurse call and are updated by the Monitor MCU via the HSSC.
Liquid Crystal Display
The liquid crystal display (LCD) provides graphical and digital feedback to the clinician. The panel is a
12.1” SVGA, 800x600 pixel, active matrix LCD. The LCD is used to implement the graphical user
interface (GUI). It provides all of the adjustable controls and alarms, as well as displays waveforms,
loops, digital monitors and alarm status in real time.
Touch Screen
The touch screen in conjunction with the LCD provides a set of software configurable soft keys. The
software allows the keys to be context sensitive. The touch screen is a 12.1” analog resistive overlay on
a piece of glass, which is placed over the LCD. It has a resolution of 1024x1024. Physically the touch
screen, consists of two opposing transparent resistive layers separated by insulating spacers. Actuation
brings the two opposing layers into electrical contact. The Y coordinate is determined by applying a
voltage from top to bottom on the top resistive layer. This creates a voltage gradient across this layer.
The point of contact forms a voltage divider, which is read by the analog-to-digital converter. The X
coordinate is determined by applying a voltage from left to right on the bottom resistive layer. Again this
creates a voltage gradient and the point of contact forms a divider, which is read with an analog-todigital converter.
Membrane Panel
The membrane panel provides a set of permanent dedicated keys, which allow the clinician to change
certain ventilator functions. The membrane panel will provide visual status to the clinician via embedded
light emitting diodes (LEDs). The membrane panel consists of membrane switches, which are read by
the monitor CPU. The switches form a matrix of rows and columns. A key closure causes an interrupt to
the monitor CPU, which responds by scanning the key matrix to determine which key has been
pressed.
Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
Some of the membrane keys require LED’s to indicate when the key is active. The LED’s are
embedded into the membrane panels.
2-6
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Optical Encoder
The optical encoder allows the clinician to change settings. The setting to be changed is selected by
pressing a soft key on the LCD and then turning the optical encoder to change the value. When the
encoder is rotated two pulse streams are generated, phase A and B. When the encoder is turned
clockwise, phase A leads B by 90 degrees. When the direction is counter clockwise, phase B leads A
by 90 degrees. The electronics uses the phase information to drive an up-down counter, which is read
by the monitor CPU. The optical encoder is not interrupt-driven and therefore must be polled by the
monitor CPU.
Back Light Inverter
The back light inverter converts 5 VDC into the high frequency AC voltage necessary to power the LCD
back light, which is used to illuminate the LCD.
Control PCB
The control PCB consists of two micro-controllers, the control CPU and the monitor CPU, both of which
are 100 MHz ELAN 410’s. The control and associated circuitry (RAM, ROM, etc) micro controllers
perform all ventilator control functions including the 2 msec closed loop flow control servo and the 2
msec closed loop exhalation valve control servo. The monitor micro-controller manages the GUI and
performs all user input and output including the RS-232 ports, printer port, video out, and MIB port. The
two processors communicate with each other via a dual port RAM. The control processor
communicates with the pneumatics module via a high-speed serial channel (HSSC - 4 Mbits/sec).
Each processor has 8 Mbytes of DRAM, and one Mbyte of flash memory for program storage. In
addition, the monitor circuitry also has a second one Mbyte of flash memory for saving control settings
and trended data for clinical parameters. The control PCB also contains a DC-to-DC converter to
regulate the incoming 24 VDC to the voltages used by the UIM. Finally, the control PCB also contains
all of the circuitry necessary to scan the membrane panels, touch screen, and optical encoder, as well
as the video controller necessary to drive the SVGA LCD screen.
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Service Manual
Pneumatics Module
The pneumatics module (PM) consists of a power supply system including internal NiMH batteries, a
transducer/ communication/alarm PCB (TCA PCB), the pneumatics, a heated expiratory system, a fan,
an optional internal compressor, a built-in nebulizer system, and an audible alarm. The PM
communicates with the UIM (User Interface Module) via the HSSC described above.
User Interface Module
(UIM)
High
Speed
Serial
Channel
SHIELDED
CABLE
Future software option.
Enhanced Pt.Monitoring (EPM)
PCB (Optional)
Ambient
Air
Fan
DC
Power
14
15
16
35
36
39
17
31
34
Faw, Ptr, Pes,
Paw
1
29
1
HSSC
Analog I/O,
ILV
Nurse Call
Gas ID
9
10
Alarm
21
Transducer/Comm./Alarm (TCA)
PCB
HW Flow
12
18
7
HSSC
AC Power
Power/Driver
PCB
24 VDC
20
26
22
27
23
28
25
32
1
2
13
24
1
1
33
Battery
RPM
Propotional
Voltage
37
38
O2
Sensor
DC
Power
1
2
3
1
Compr.Driver
PCB
(optional)
30
Insp. Flow PCB
11
19
Compressor
System
(optional)
13
Exhaust
Exhaled Flow
O2 supply
3x
Pres.
PCB
PNEUMATICS
Nebulizer
(Optional)
Neb. gas
Air/Heliox
Patient
Flow
Reference: Pneumatic Schematic P/N 51K-09742 Rev X1
Figure 2-5
2-8
Pneumatics Module Block Diagram
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Power Supply System
The power supply system, consists of a power inlet module, and a medical grade 350-watt power
supply, the power driver PCB, and a set of internal 12 VDC NiMH batteries connected in series. The
power inlet system accepts a standard IEC medical grade power cord and allows the system to be
configured externally for use with 100 to 240 VAC 50/60 Hz power. AC power is converted to 34 VDC
by the internal medical grade power supply, which is also power factor corrected. The power driver PCB
converts the 34 VDC from the power supply or the 24 VDC from the internal or external batteries to the
appropriate voltages used by the rest of the system. The power driver PCB also contains the charging
circuit for both the internal and external batteries, as well as the drivers for the flow control, exhalation
valve, and multiple solenoids. The internal 4.5 Ah NiMH batteries can power the entire system including
the internal compressor for 30 minutes, or 2 hours without the compressor. With the external 17 Ah lead
acid batteries combined with the internal battery powers the entire system, including compressor, will
run for 2 hours on batteries, and greater than 8 hours without compressor.
Transducer/Alarm PCB (TCA PCB)
The TCA PCB consists of circuitry for the audible alarm, the wye hot wire flow sensor, the gas ID, the
inspiratory and expiratory pressure transducers, the source gas pressure transducers, the exhaled flow
sensor, the FiO2 cell, and communications with the UIM. It also contains the nurse call, and analog
input and output.
A 68HC705 micro-controller is used to generate alarm waveforms for an ASTM F1463-93 compliant
alarm. A super capacitor is used to provide a minimum if 120 seconds of power without wall AC or a
battery.
Analog circuitry is provided to signal condition the wye Hot Wire Flow Sensor signal and a 12 bit ADC is
used to digitize the signal. A Flow Sensor Fail signal is provided to allow the Control Processor to
determine when the flow sensor wire is broken. The Flow Sensor EEPROM is SPI bus compatible and
is read at power up and when a Flow Sensor is connected.
The air inlet fitting contains a resistor for determining which gas source is connected to the Air inlet, Air
( 5K ohm) or Heliox (10K ohm). The type of gas connected is determined with a resistor divider, one
half of the divider is contained in a connector and the other half is located on the TCA. The resistor
contained in the connector is different for each gas source and therefore produces a different voltage
output from the divider. The output of the divider is read via an ADC.
Inspiratory and expiratory pressure transducers and associated signal conditioning are digitized on the
TCA PCB. The control processor reads the digitized data via the HSSC. The air, oxygen, and blended
gas pressure transducers and associated signal conditioning are on separate PCBs for ease of
mounting. The amplified signals are cabled to the TCA where they are digitized and communicated to
the control processor via the HSSC.
Exhaled flow is measured with a VARFLEX® Exhaled Flow Sensor. The VARFLEX® Flow Sensor uses
a variable orifice with pressure taps on either side of the orifice. The TCA uses a low-pressure
pressure transducer and analog circuitry to measure the flow proportional pressure drop across the
orifice.
Integrated circuit temperature sensors are signal conditioned and digitized by the TCA electronics. The
exhalation and ambient temperature sensors are cabled to the TCA PCB. The output of oxygen cell is
also signal conditioned and digitized on the TCA.
There are four 10-bit analog output channels on the TCA for pressure, flow, volume, and breath phase
respectively. They have a full scale of 0 to 5 VDC with 10-bit resolution. In addition, there are 8
programmable analog inputs that can be used to display external signals. They are digitized with a 10
bit DAC, and are scalable from 0 to 1VDC, 0 to 5 VDC, and 0 to 10 VDC.
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Service Manual
Finally, there is a nurse call output that can be configured as either normally open or normally closed.
The nurse call shall be activated for all medium and high priority alarms except when alarm silence is
activated.
Pneumatics-Gas Delivery Engine
The GDE (Gas Delivery Engine) receives and conditions supplied Oxygen, Air, or Heliox from an
external and/or internal (compressor) sources. It then mixes the gas to the concentration required and
delivers the desired flow or pressure to the patient.
The Gas Delivery Engine begins with the Inlet Pneumatics. The Inlet Pneumatics accepts clean O2, Air,
or Air alternate external gas; it provides extra filtration and regulates air and O2 gas before entering the
Oxygen Blender. The Oxygen Blender mixes the gases to the desired concentration before reaching
the Flow Control Valve. The Flow Control Valve controls the flow rate of the gas mixture to the patient.
Between the Oxygen Blender and Flow Control Valve, the Accumulator System is installed to provide
peak flow capacity. The Flow Sensor provides information about the actual inspiratory flow for closed
loop servo control. The gas is then delivered to the patient through the Safety/Relief Valve and Outlet
Manifold.
Compressor
Flow
(Optional)
Air/Heliox
Oxygen
Inlet
Pneumatics
Oxygen
Blender
Figure 2-6
Accumulator
System
Flow Control
Valve
Flow Sensor
Safety/Relief
Valve &
Manifold
Patient
Flow
Gas Delivery Engine Block Diagram
Inlet System
The Inlet Pneumatics conditions and monitors the air, oxygen, and/or helium-oxygen mix supplies
entering the ventilator. The Inlet Pneumatics has Inlet Filters that remove aerosol and particulate
contaminants from the incoming gas supplies. The downstream Air Regulator and O2 Relay
combination is used to provide balanced supply pressure to the gas blending system. The Air
Regulator reduces the air supply pressure to 11.0 PSIG and pilots the O2 Relay to track at this same
pressure. This system automatically regulates to 9.5 PSIG when the optional internal compressor is
being used.
In the event the supply air pressure falls below the acceptable level, the internal compressor will be
activated to automatically supply air to the blender. Without an optional internal compressor, the
Crossover Solenoid opens delivering high-pressure oxygen to the Air Regulator, allowing the Air
Regulator to supply regulated O2 pressure to pilot the O2 Relay. In addition, the Oxygen Blender
simultaneously moves to the 100% O2 position, so that full flow to the patient is maintained.
In the event of an oxygen supply pressure drop below a pressure threshold, the Crossover Solenoid
stays closed, the blender moves to 21% O2, and the regulated air pressure provides 100% air to the
blending system.
2-10
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Oxygen Blender
The Blender receives the supply gases from the Inlet Pneumatics System and blends the two gases to
the user-selected value. It consists of three sub-systems, valve, stepper motor, and drive electronics.
The Oxygen Blender PCB provides the electronics needed to control the Oxygen Blender stepper
motor. The stepper motor controls the oxygen blender and is stepped in 1.8-degree increments. The
Blender has a disk, which is positioned during calibration. One end of the disk will interrupt the optical
interrupter when the valve position is closed and the other end will only interrupt in case the Blender
goes approximately one full revolution due to loss of position. An EEPROM will be used to store the
number of steps required to travel from the home position to the full open position of the valve, the PCB
revision, and manufacturing date.
Accumulator
The Accumulator stores blended gas supplied from either regulated wall gas or an optional internal
compressor. The accumulator provides the capability to achieve volume capacity at relatively lower
pressure, resulting in lower system power requirements. It stores blended gas during patient exhalation
cycles which maximizes system efficiency. The Accumulator gas pressure cycles between 3 and 11
PSIG depending on the Tidal Volume. The system efficiency is improved because a smaller
compressor can be used to meet Tidal Volume while the accumulator provides the extra gas needed to
meet the patient’s peak flow demand. A 6-L/MIN accumulator bleed orifice allows gas concentration in
the accumulator to match the oxygen blender setting in a maximum time of 1 minute. A pressure relief
valve will provide protection from pressure exceeding 12 PSIG to the accumulator.
Flow Control System
The Flow Control System provides the desired flow rate of gas to the patient. Real time feedback from
the Flow Sensor through the Control System provides flow correction in the Flow Control Valve. The
Flow Control System consists of a Proportional Voltage Servo Valve controlled by the real time
measurement (2 ms) of flow through a variable orifice Flow Sensor. The variable orifice effect is
created by a thin circular shaped piece of stainless steel that is mounted from an extended side in the
flow stream. The flow will bend the metal creating a variable orifice. The flow proportional pressure
drop is characterized and used for flow measurement. The Servo Control Electronics/Software
receives and sends the control signals to the Flow Control System Components. Flow Control Valve
adjustments are made for gas temperature, gas density, and backpressure.
Safety/Over Pressure System
The Safety/Pressure Relief Valve prevents over-pressure in the breathing circuit, and provides a
connection between the patient and ambient air during a gas delivery failure from the Ventilator. A
Check Valve downstream of the Safety/Pressure Relief Valve prevents flow from the patient back into
the Ventilator. Pressure Relief around the Check Valve is accomplished through an orifice installed in
parallel to the Check Valve. The Safety/Relief Valve allows the patient to breathe room air in the event
of a ventilator or power failure. It also acts as an independent relief valve, which limits the maximum
pressure the ventilator can deliver.
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Service Manual
Hour Meter
The Hour Meter provides a means of monitoring the number of hours the ventilator is in use. In addition,
it is used by the ventilator to track compressor hours of operation. A Curtis 201-hour meter is used. The
hour meter is active as long as 5 volts is available. The hour meter outputs a continuous stream of
serial data. The control processor reads the data by synchronizing to the start pulse of the data stream
and then reading each successive bit. The hour meter does not have a visible readout and therefore
must be read by software. The hour meter is hard mounted in the pneumatics module and is cabled to
the TCA PCB.
Heated Expiratory System
The heated expiratory system consists of a heated filter contained in a chamber with a micro-controller
controlled heater, a water collector, an exhalation flow sensor, and a servo-controlled exhalation valve.
The expiratory system is located at the end of the patient circuit; the Exhalation Valve regulates gas
flow out of the patient circuit. Diaphragm position of the voice coil type active Exhalation Valve controls
the exiting gas flow rate and patient circuit pressure with precision. Pressure feedback data is sent to
the Electronic Control Unit continuously, which interprets the data, and based upon current ventilator
settings, signals back to position the Exhalation Valve Diaphragm. Since the ventilator will be used in
neonate, pediatric and adult ranges, the exhalation servo can be optimized for each circuit type to be
used. The Water Collector and Filter remove contaminates from the gas flow before they reach the
Flow Sensor, Exhalation Valve, or the environment. Also, warm air exhausts through the Exhalation
System enclosure to the atmosphere. The system incorporates a resettable fuse.
The expiratory flow sensor determines flow by measuring the pressure difference across a variable
orifice. The variable orifice is created with a thin circular shaped piece of stainless steel that is mounted
on a hinge in the flow stream from an extended side. As flow increases and decreases the hinged flap
creates the variable orifice effect. The pressure drop across the orifice is measured by a pressure
transducer on the TCA and converted to flow by the software in the control micro-controller.
As stated earlier, the exhalation valve is a voice coil with a diaphragm. The exhalation valve controls
circuit pressure, permits only one-way flow, and provides pressure relief above a set level during
inspiration. The exhalation valve is controlled with a closed loop servo contained in the control microcontroller and is updated every 2 msec.
The water collector stores water that condenses in the expiratory limb of the patient circuit protecting
the filter and exhalation valve system. The water collector consists of a vial and an inlet and outlet
shaped fitting. A male 22 mm outside taper (15mm inside taper) connector is provided for the patient
circuit connection and a 22 mm female connector is used for the heated filter.
The bacteria filter removes particles from the gas that exceed 0.3µm in size. The excess water drains
into the water collector reducing the risk of contamination of the exhalation valve system. Warm heated
air flows past the outside surface of the filter reducing condensation in the filter. The filter is an off-theshelf purchased part.
Fan
A 40 cfm fan runs at all times to keep the internal temperature of the pneumatics module as close to
ambient as possible. In addition, the fan forces flow out past the expiratory filter. A heater heats the gas
as it exits in order to heat the filter as described above.
2-12
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Compressor System (Optional)
The Compressor System provides 3 to 9.5 PSIG air pressure to the system when wall air is not
available. The Compressor has two opposing machined aluminum involutes that are called Scrolls.
One scroll orbits a fixed scroll forming air pockets that get progressively smaller as they travel from the
outer to inner regions of the involute, compressing the gas. The shaft rotation from a brushless DC
motor powers the orbiting scroll within the fixed scroll through an eccentric shaft. It operates at 800 to
3,000 RPM using about 100 watts at 24 VDC. A Pressure Servo improves power efficiency and noise
by matching ventilator demand with supplied compressed air. While the accumulator is the device
which handles the peak flow demand, the servo operates the compressor at a level which matches the
minute ventilation of the patient.
Nebulizer System
The Nebulizer system provides a 10 PSIG source of blended gas for an external nebulizer. The gas will
only be delivered during the inspiratory cycle of a breath so that the delivery of nebulized gas will be
synchronized with the patient's breathing. Most manufacturers’ nebulizers draw between 4 and 8 L/MIN
at 10 PSIG. The Nebulizer is disabled during use of the optional internal compressor.
Enhanced Patient Monitoring PCB (Optional-EPM)
The Enhanced Patient Monitoring PCB provides Esophageal and Tracheal pressure monitoring and
VARFLEX® wye flow sensing. The EPM PCB contains all of the signal condition as well as the pressure
transducers for the esophageal pressure, tracheal pressure, and wye flow sensing. In addition, it
contains a 12-bit serial ADC to convert the pressures to digital data. The TCA provides the chip select
and solenoid control signals. Three solenoids are used to control the evacuation and filling of the
Esophageal Balloon. Two solenoids are used to provide purge flow and auto zeroing of the flow sensor
pressure transducer.
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2-14
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Service Manual
Chapter 3
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Installation Instructions
This chapter provides instructions for installing the AVEA ventilator systems.
Stand Assembly
Standard Cart Assembly Instructions (P/N 15986)
Standard stand carton contents
QUANTITY
DESCRIPTION
10 each
5/16” screws
10 each
5/16 “ lock washers
2 each
5/16-18” hex nuts
1 each
Drag chain and modified washer
2 each
Flat washers for pole
1 each
7/16 tube bracelet
1 each
Top plate assembly
2 pieces
Stand Posts
1 each
Pedestal base
4 each
End caps
4 each
Casters (2 with brake, 2 without brake)
Tools required
1/2“ open end socket
3/16” Allen wrench or driver
1. Remove the contents of carton.
2. Attach the base to the pedestal using the 5/16” screws, washers and nuts as shown in Figure
3.1. The anti-static drag chain may be attached to either screw.
3. Attach the pole to the assembly using the 5/16” screws and washers (refer to Figure 3.1).
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Service Manual
4. Attach the top plate to the pedestal using the 5/16” screws and washers (refer to Figure 3.1).
(5x) 5/16-18 x 1” screw and (4X) 5/16
X 1” screw & washer
Top plate
Thumbscrew
Pedestal
(2X) 5/16 X 1”
screw, flat washer &
lock washer
Pole
Base
Figure 3-1
3-2
Assembling the Stand
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
5. Place AVEA Ventilator on top plate, align thumbscrews (4) and lightly start all thumbscrews to
locate AVEA Ventilator (refer to figure 3.2). Fully tighten (4) thumbscrews to secure AVEA
Ventilator.
5/16 X 1” screw and
washer
5/16-18 x 1” screw
Anti-static drag chain
5/16-18 x 1” screw
5/16 X 1” screw nut and washer
Figure 3-2
L1524
Bottom of stand
3-3
Service Manual
Comprehensive Assembly Instructions
Refers to P/N 33976
1. Open main carton.
2. Remove the center carton that contains the pedestal, hardware and instructions and open.
3. Remove second carton that contains top plate/pole and set aside.
4. Remove the 4-legged base assembly from carton and set base on the floor as shown in Figure 3-3.
Place pedestal onto the base assembly as show in Figure 3-3.
Figure 3-3
5. Using the 1/8” Allen wrench provided install and secure the 4 10/24” x ¾” screws along with the 4
star washers.
3-4
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
6. Install collar set screw using the 1/8” Allen as shown in Figure 3-4. Next remove pole from Top
Plate carton install and secure the 1” pole using the collar set screw as shown in Figure 3-4.
Figure 3-4
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3-5
Service Manual
7. Remove Top Plate and set Top Plate onto the pedestal and pole as shown in Figure 3-5. Using the
3/32” Allen wrench provided install and secure the 4 counter sink screws as shown in Figure 3-5.
Figure 3-5
3-6
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
8. Using the 1/8” Allen secure the setscrew of the upper collar into the 1” pole as shown in Figure 3-6.
Figure 3-6
Note
If installing external battery pack, proceed to the next section.
9. Place AVEA Ventilator on top plate, align thumbscrews (4) and lightly start all thumbscrews to
locate AVEA Ventilator. Fully tighten (4) thumbscrews to secure AVEA Ventilator.
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Service Manual
Customer Transport Cart Kit P/N 11372
Note: Before installation, verify that the following parts are in your kit:
Description
Quantity
12V lead acid battery
2
Part Number
16179
33977
Battery tray, screw (10/32 x 5/16)
X2, washer #10 X 2 & nut 10/32
KEPS
Wire harness
1
16217
Literature
1
L2285
Rack Tank Cart Assembly
1
33978
If any parts are missing contact VIASYS AVEA Customer Service at
800-325-0082 or 760-883-7185.
External Battery Installation
1. Unscrew the (4) thumbscrews securing the base to the ventilator body as shown. Lift the ventilator
body and UIM from the wheeled base.
2. Gently set the ventilator down on a secure flat surface (see note on following page).
3. If attached, remove the Gas Tank holder from the base.
Patient Breathing
Gas Outlet
3-8
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Note
Do not rest the ventilator on the patient breathing gas outlet. Resting the weight of the ventilator on this outlet may
cause damage resulting in leaks at the site.
4.
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Detach the drop-cable portion from the main battery harness as shown.
3-9
Service Manual
5.
Remove the two screws holding the face plate between the rear wheels of the AVEA cart and
detach the faceplate.
6.
Thread cable harness through the cart pole.
CAUTION
After the cable has been threaded, inspect the cable for any cuts, abrasions or scaring.
3-10
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
7 Place the two batteries into the tray as shown in Photo 1.
Red
Black
Figure 3-7
Orange
Dual Orange
8. Attach harness (P/N 16217) to batteries:
• Connect black wire to negative post (black) on the outer right hand side battery
• Connect the dual orange wire to positive post (red) on the inner right hand side battery
• Feed the single orange and single red wires through the center battery support bracket opening to the
left hand side battery area
• Connect the single orange wire to the negative post (black) on the left hand side battery
• Connect the single red wire (positive) to the positive post (red) on left hand side battery
Dual Orange
Black
Single Orange
Single Red
Figure 3-8
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Service Manual
9. Attach monitor PC board (P/N 16105) and wiring:
• Connect 4 pin male Molex™ to the 4 pin female Molex from the battery harness
Figure 3-9
3-12
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
10. Slowly slide the completed battery and tray assembly onto the mount beneath the AVEA stand making sure
that no wires are kinked or scuffed during assembly. Maintain tension on drop cable from top of cart to prevent
kinking at battery tray. Sufficient cable slack must be available at top of cart to make connection at back of
ventilator.
Battery Tray
Mount
11. Attach the faceplate removed earlier in the instructions to the bottom of the battery tray with the hardware
supplied.
12. Re-attach the ventilator body to the stand making sure the external battery cable lays untwisted in the cable
slot and emerges at the rear of the ventilator.
To Rear of
Ventilator
13. Connect the
external battery cable to the connection labeled EXT BATT on the rear panel of the AVEA.
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Service Manual
14 Plug the AVEA into a grounded AC outlet and apply power to the ventilator.
15. Check that the battery status display on the front panel indicates that the ventilator is connected to External
battery power.
Note
The battery status will indicate red immediately after the external batteries are connected and the unit is powered
up. If the batteries are fully charged, the battery status should indicate green (charged) within one hour of
connection. If the batteries are not fully charged, it may take up to 48 hours to indicate green. Refer to your
operator’s manual for recommended battery charging.
“E” Cylinder Bracket Assembly Instructions
This assembly (P/N 33978) is part of kit, P/N 11372.
Quantity
Description
1 each
Saddle
1 each
Center post with Velcro cylinder straps
2 each
1/4”-20 counter-sink allen-head screws
4 each
1/4”-20 round-head allen screws
4 each
Lock washers
Tools Required for Assembly
1 each 5/32” hex wrench/driver
1 each drill with 17/64” bit
1 each ruler
1 each center punch
3-14
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Standard Stand Tank Rack Bracket Installation
Basic Stand Tank Rack Bracket Installation
1.
Install the center post in the tank bracket using two flathead 1/4"-20 thread screws to secure.
(Figure 3.10)
Figure 3-10
Basic Stand Assembly
Place assembled tank bracket on short side of “H” stand legs. (Figure 3.11)
Figure 3-11
Tank brackets
NOTE
If there are pre-drilled holes on the “H” stand, skip to Step 8.
2.
Place tape measure under bracket. Slide bracket back 3/4” from the edge of the “H” cross piece.
(Figure 3.12)
Figure 3-12
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Plate
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Service Manual
3.
Center the bracket on the two legs of the “H”. The bracket should be positioned approximately
11/16” from the outside edge of each leg. Recheck the initial 3/4” dimension measurement (refer
to Figure 3.13).
Figure 3-13
4.
Using a pencil, mark location of tank bracket in center of slotted holes on the bracket.
(Figure 3.14).
Figure 3-14
5.
Hole pattern
Center punch-marked locations. Before drilling, move rear wheels out of the way to prevent
damage. (Figure 3.15).
Figure 3-15
3-16
Plate Placement
Wheel alignment
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
6.
Using 17/64” (.265) drill bit, drill through both bracket walls. (Figure 3.16)
Figure 3-16
7.
Drill position
Remove burrs from drilled holes and insert screw from bottom, guiding through both holes in
tubing and tank bracket. (Figure 3.17)
Figure 3-17
8.
Place washer (x4) and nuts (x4) over screws and tighten securely.
Figure 3-18
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Deburring
Tighten
3-17
Service Manual
Assembly Instructions for Comprehensive Cart Tank Rack Bracket
Place the comprehensive stand on a flat surface with the rear of the stand facing up.
Align the saddle with the 4 stand mounting holes as shown in the photos below (Photo 1 and 2).
Figure 3-19
Photo 1
Figure 3-20
Photo 2
With the 5/32 Allen wrench, install and secure the 4 screws and lock washers to attach the saddle to
the stand.
CAUTION
Ensure that the saddle is in no way touching the wheels/casters of the stand.
3-18
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
AVEA Unpacking Instructions
Introduction
The AVEA is packaged in two parts for safe shipping. A small amount of assembly is required. All
literature and instructions to enable you to safely assemble, set up and check your AVEA are included
in the box with your ventilator.
Unpacking
CAUTION
The AVEA shipping container is designed to be moved or positioned by a forklift or pallet jack only. Do
not attempt to lift or manipulate the container manually as damage or injury could result.
Note
The AVEA Cart shipped with your ventilator must be assembled first. To reduce the risk of damaging the ventilator,
make sure the cart is ready before you unpack the instrument.
Note
Your Operator’s Manual and other important literature are packed beneath the AVEA. Do not discard!
1.
Remove all outer securing straps by cutting them. Discard.
2.
Open the box and remove the top layer of packaging material. (Figure 3.21)
Figure 3-21
3.
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Box Opening
Remove the AVEA accessory box. Place it on a secure surface. (Figure 3.22)
3-19
Service Manual
Figure 3-22
4.
To remove the cardboard cover, lift the box straight up. Do not pull or tilt the cover until
you are sure it has cleared the ventilator.
5.
Remove the protective packaging from the sides of the ventilator and carefully remove
the plastic. (Fig. 3.23)
Figure 3-23
3-20
Accessory box removal
Protective packaging
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
6.
Apply the brakes on the cart that has been previously assembled by pressing down on
the foot pedals. (Fig. 3.24)
Figure 3-24
7.
Brakes
With assistance, lift the AVEA from the box and carefully position the unit on the top
plate assembly of the cart. Secure the unit using the 4 thumbscrews. (Figure 3.25)
Figure 3-25
Thumbscrew Positions
Note
Make sure the external battery cable lays untwisted in the cable slot and emerges at the rear of the ventilator (if
applicable)
8.
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Loosely secure the 2 thumbscrews in the back of the ventilator, followed by the 2
thumbscrews on the bottom front of the unit. Tighten all 4 screws.
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Service Manual
SETTING UP THE REAR OF THE VENTILATOR
Medical Gas Connector Kit Installation Instructions
Air “Smart” Connector Installation Instructions (P/N 5100040897 DISS)
Note
If you have not ordered the Heliox option, you will receive only the Air smart connector and the appropriate air hose
for your configuration. The Air connector comes pre-assembled with the integral water trap/filter as shown in figure
1. It attaches to the fitting located to the left of the Oxygen cell on the rear panel of the AVEA.
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
CAUTION
Always consult your Operators Manual for instructions and clinical recommendations concerning the use
of AVEA accessories.
Figure 3-26
1.
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Carefully align and seat the ‘smart’ connector pin and the gas fitting.
3-23
Service Manual
2.
Tighten the threaded collar on the AVEA onto the male gas fitting of the “smart’ connector
assembly. (Fig. 3.27)
Figure 3-27
Attach the Air hose appropriate for your gas configuration. (Fig. 3.28) (Female DISS fitting is shown
here).
Figure 3-28
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Air and Heliox Tethered “Smart” Connector Installation
Instructions
(Domestic/ DISS P/N 16131 / International / NIST P/N 16132)
WARNING
Connection of a gas supply at the Helium-Oxygen mixture inlet that does not contain 20% oxygen can
cause hypoxia or death.
Although an 80/20 mixture of Helium and Oxygen is marketed as medical grade gas, the
Helium/Oxygen gas mixture is not labeled for any specific medical use.
Note
The Heliox “smart” connector comes already tethered to the Air assembly and the “smart” connector attachment
bracket as shown in figure 3.29.
Air smart connector
assembly
Air tether
Attachment
bracket
Heliox tether
Heliox smart connector
assembly
Figure 3-29
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Service Manual
Note
The Heliox “smart” connector is designed for use with an 80/20 Heliox tank only. Only a mixture of 20% oxygen
and 80% Helium can be used as the Heliox gas supply.
1.
To assemble the Air/Heliox assembly, first attach the Air “smart” connector/water trap
assembly to the AVEA rear panel fitting as described in the “Air connector only installation
instructions” section.
2.
After attaching the Air connector, remove the Philips screw from the rear of the AVEA.
(Figure 3.30)
Mounting screw on the AVEA
Figure 3-30
3.
Insert the screw provided in the kit through the mount on the tethered Heliox Smart connector
holder. (Fig. 3.31)
Mounting screw in place on the AVEA
Figure 3-31
3-26
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Heliox “Smart” Connector Installation Instructions (DISS
P/N 51000-40918)
Note
The Heliox “smart” connector is designed for use with an 80/20 Heliox tank only. Only a mixture of 20% oxygen
and 80% Helium can be used as the Heliox gas supply. To use the Heliox “smart” connector you must turn off the
air gas supply and unscrew and detach the Air hose from the air smart connector.
CAUTION
The air “smart” connector and water trap are removed as one unit. Do not attempt to separate them as
you may damage the assembly.
Note
Heliox 15’ hose is P/N 50000-40042.
1.
To remove the Air “smart connector and water trap, support the assembly with one hand and
loosen the attachment collar. (Figure 3.32)
Figure 3-32
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Service Manual
2.
While still supporting the air connector, loosen the collar of the tethered Heliox Connector and
detach it from its storage bracket. (Figure 3.33)
Figure 3-33
3.
Position the Air connector onto the same support bracket and tighten down the collar until the
air connecter and water trap are fully secured to the storage bracket.
CAUTION
Make sure that neither the air nor the Heliox tether gets caught in the support collar while you are
tightening it down. If either tether fouls the threads of the collar, the Air connector assembly may not be
adequately secured to the bracket.
Note
Please note that a DISS fitting may be required in addition to those included. These may be obtained from Superior
Products in Cleveland, Ohio (216) 651-9400 P/N MA692.or your gas fittings supplier of choice.
4.
3-28
Align the Heliox smart connector with the Smart connector receptacle on the left side of the
AVEA back panel from which you removed the Air connector. Tighten down the collar of the
gas port onto the Heliox fitting. (Figure 3.34)
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
5.
The HeO2 cylinder symbol should appear in the lower right hand corner of the user interface
screen.
Figure 3-34
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Service Manual
Connecting the Oxygen Sensor P/N 68289
O2 Cell
The oxygen sensor cell is located on the rear panel, between the
two gas fittings. The oxygen sensor cable emerges from the rear
panel directly above the sensor. Carefully align and then gently
push the connector onto the oxygen sensor until it seats. When a
good connection has been made, slide the protective cover down
and push over the sensor.
Figure 3-35
Connecting the O2 Sensor
Attaching the Gas Hoses
Oxygen Connection
Attach the Oxygen hose to the fitting on the right
of the back panel (see figure 3-36).
Figure 3-36
Connecting the O2 Hose
Heliox Connection
If you have the upgrade for Heliox delivery, attach the Heliox
hose .to the tethered “Smart” connector fitting on the left of
the back panel as shown in figure 3-37.
The air hose will not attach to the fitting designed for Heliox
and vice versa.
Figure 3-37
3-30
Connecting the Heliox Hose
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
WARNING
Allow 90 seconds for the accumulator to purge before initiating patient ventilation with Heliox gas.
WARNING
Connection of a gas supply at the Helium-Oxygen mixture inlet that does not contain 20% oxygen can
cause hypoxia or death.
Although an 80/20 mixture of Helium and Oxygen is marketed as medical grade gas, the
Helium/Oxygen gas mixture is not labeled for any specific medical use.
Attaching the Air Hose
Attach the Air supply hose to the “Smart” connector
fitting with the integral water trap/filter on the left of
the back panel as shown in figure 3-38.
The fitting shown here is a DISS fitting. Fittings
which accept NIST and Air Liquide hoses are also
available from VIASYS.
The air hose will not attach to the fitting designed for
Heliox and vice versa.
Figure 3-38
Attaching the Air Hose to the water trap/filter
Note
The fitting for Air will not accept a Heliox connection and vice versa.
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3-32
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Chapter 4
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Assembly and Disassembly
General Instructions and Warnings
The removal and installation of major subassemblies requires OVP and possibly calibration. Refer to
chapters 5 and 7 for instructions.
When disassembling or assembling the AVEA, refer to the tubing diagram, P/N 51000-40841, the wiring
diagram P/N 51000-40839 and appropriate schematics and assembly drawings located in Appendix B
of this manual. The illustrations shown here are for reference only, current revisions of these diagrams
and schematics are available to qualified personnel from VIASYS Healthcare, Critical Care Division,
Technical Support.
WARNING
Always take standard ESD precautions when working on AVEA ventilator systems.
Assume that you are adequately earth grounded prior to handling and working inside of the AVEA
ventilator.
Ensure the ventilator is disconnected from the AC power supply before performing repairs or
maintenance. When you remove any of the ventilator covers or panels, disconnect the internal battery
“quick release” connector (see figure 3.1) before working on the ventilator. If the ventilator has an external
battery installed, ensure that the external battery is unplugged from the rear panel before proceeding.
Recommended Tools & Equipment
Note
Before using any test equipment [electronic or pneumatic] for calibration procedures, the accuracy of the
instruments must be verified by a testing laboratory. The laboratory master test instruments must be
traceable to the NIST (National Institute of Standards Technology) or equivalent. When variances exist
between the indicated and actual values, the calibration curves [provided for each instrument by the
testing laboratory] must be used to establish the actual correct values. This certification procedure
should be performed at least once every six months. More frequent certification may be required based
on usage.
Long & short Philips screwdrivers
Flat bladed screwdriver
7/8” Nut Driver
11/32” Nut Driver
Digital Volt Meter
Adult test Lung (Siemens)
P/N 33754
Adult Patient Circuit (72”)
P/N 16045
Infant test lung
P/N 34057
Infant Patient Circuit
Pediatric Patient Circuit
Oxygen Analyzer
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Service Manual
Rubber Stopper
Stop Watch
Side cutters
User Interface Module (UIM) P/N 16259 Domestic (P/N 16260
International)
Removal
1. Remove the ‘rubber collar’ located at the UIM rear neck, by grasping one of the two rubber tabs at the
bottom. Pull firmly in an “arcing” motion.
2. Remove (1) Phillips screw from the ‘front arm cover’ located below the UIM. Remove the ‘front arm
cover’.
3. Remove the two mounting screws now visible inside the ‘back arm cover’. Tilt the UIM down and
remove the ‘back arm cover’.
4. Remove the exhalation filter from the filter well. Using a long Phillips screwdriver, remove the (1)
Phillips screw located at the top of the exhalation filter assembly well.
5. Remove the (1) Phillips screw located at the exhalation port marked EXH.
6. Remove the (4) 11/32 KEP nuts that secure the ‘plastic top cover’ opening onto the chassis.
7. Remove (2) Phillips screws that secure the ‘plastic top cover’ to the rear chassis.
8. Slide the top ‘plastic top cover’ forward and upward away from the chassis.
9. Remove the (2) Phillips screws and washers that secure the ‘UIM interface cable connector’ on the rear
chassis. Unplug the ‘UIM interface cable connector’.
10. Carefully pull the ‘UIM interface cable connector’ through the ‘plastic top cover’ opening.
11. While continuously supporting the UIM, remove (4) nuts that fasten the UIM onto the ‘support arm’.
User Interface Module (UIM)
Installation
1. While continuously supporting the replacement UIM, position the UIM’s four threaded mounting studs
into the ‘support arm’, mounting plate and secure it with (4) nuts.
2. Feed the ‘UIM interface cable connector’ into the ‘plastic top cover’ opening, towards the rear
of the chassis.
3. Slide the ‘plastic top cover’ back in place.
4. Install (2) Phillips screws and washers into the ‘UIM interface cable connector’ and secure it to
the rear chassis.
5. Install (2) Phillips screws to secure the ‘plastic top cover’ to the rear chassis.
6. Install (1) Phillips screw located at the exhalation port marked EXH.
7. Use (4) 11/32 KEP nuts to secure the ‘plastic top cover’ opening onto the chassis.
8. Using a long Phillips screwdriver, install (1) Phillips screw at the top of the exhalation filter
assembly well. Install the exhalation filter back into the filter well,
9. Tilt the UIM down and install the ‘back arm cover’. Install two mounting screws inside the ‘back
arm cover’ and tighten them.
10. Install the ‘front arm cover’. Install (1) Phillips screw into the ‘front arm cover’ and tighten it.
11. Install the ‘rubber collar’ around the UIM rear neck.
4-2
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
WARNING
Always disconnect the white battery quick disconnect once the top cover is removed to prevent injury
and/or damage to the AVEA Ventilator System.
Note
Prior to complete reassembly, UIM may be temporarily installed for
testing and calibration.
Exhalation Filter Assembly/UIM
Removal
1. If installed, remove the exhalation filter assembly.
2. Rotate the metal locking lever on the lower right of the ventilator body forward to an open position.
Remove the exhalation filter assembly from the ventilator body pulling straight down.
3. Remove the rubber collar by grasping one of the two rubber tabs at the bottom. Pull firmly in an
“arcing” motion.
4. Remove the (1) Phillips screw on the front neck cover below the monitor and remove the front arm
cover.
5. Remove the two mounting screws now visible inside the back neck cover.
6. Tilt down the UIM and remove the back neck cover. Remove the (2) Phillips screws and washers
on the molded gray cover connector attached to the rear panel and unplug the UIM interface
cable.
7. Using a long Phillips screwdriver, remove the (1) Phillips screw located at the top of the exhalation
filter assembly well.
8. Remove the (1) Phillips screw located at the exhalation port marked EXH.
9. Remove the (4) 11/32 KEP nuts on the rounded portion of the molded plastic top cover.
10. While supporting the UIM continuously, remove (4) 3/8 KEP nuts holding the UIM in place on the
aluminum ring.
11. Remove the 2 Phillip head screws from the back of the unit that attaches the plastic top cover to
the pneumatic module.
12. Remove the UIM, then the plastic top cover.
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Service Manual
Metal Top Cover
Removal
1. With the Plastic Top Cover removed, continue by removing the 19 SEMS screws, (3) on the
left side (5) on the right side and (11) on top.
Note
The screws along the back of the metal top cover are different—flat head.
Note
For ease in removal of these screws it is recommended to use a power screw driver.
2. Remove metal top cover and set aside.
3. Disconnect the internal battery 2 pin Molex connector.
Warning
Assure that the work area is Electro Static Discharge (ESD) protected. The Printed Circuit Board Assemblies
(PCB’s) have integrated circuits (IC’s) that can be severely damaged by static electricity. Work surface must be
certified as anti static or grounded before removing covers and while working on the ventilator. Wear a properly
grounded and tested anti-static strap prior to handling PCB’s.
Gas Delivery Engine P/N 16222A
Gas Delivery Engine Removal
1. Referring to the instructions above, remove the UIM and molded metal top covers
2. Disconnect internal battery.
3. Disconnect the 4-pin connector from the battery monitor board to the gas delivery engine
(51000-40022 Only).
4. Remove the (4) SEMS screws located at each corner of the rear panel.
5. Remove A/C power cord bracket.
6. Cut the tie wrap and remove the metal tubing support bracket and disconnect the tube from
the accumulator outlet by releasing the compression fitting.
7. Completely remove the hose between the gas delivery engine assembly and the scroll
pump/compressor filter.
8. Squeeze to remove the two small ribbon cables near the front of the gas delivery engine
assembly (the 10-pin ribbon cable connector from the flow sensor assembly and the 20-pin
ribbon cable connector from the front interface panel).
4-4
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
CAUTION
Never pull on a cable during disconnection. Damage to the connector wiring may result. Always pull on
the connector body to disconnect.
9. Unscrew the luer-lock fittings (the clear yellow tubing from F4, and the black striped tubing
from G4).
Top
Side view
Bottom
Figure 4-1
G4 and F4 luer connections
G4 (high side of expiratory flow and expiratory pressure XDCR 3 and 2)
Clear silicone tubing with black line
Top – goes to the expiratory flow sensor bulkhead
Bottom – goes to the expiratory manifold on the TCA
F4 (low side of expiratory flow)
Clear silicone tubing
Top – goes to the expiratory V sensor bulkhead
Bottom – goes to the expiratory manifold on the TCA
E4
Yellow tubing
Top – inspiratory pressure line that goes to the SOPR manifold
Bottom – inspiratory pressure that goes to the transducer on the TCA ( XDCR 1)
10. Disconnect the yellow bleed tubing from C4 by releasing the compression fitting.
11. Disconnect the large blue tubing to the nebulizer from H4 by releasing the compression fitting.
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Service Manual
Figure 4-2 C4 and H4 compression fittings
Note: With replacement of the GDE, the position jumper J3 on the Secondary Alarm Board
must be reviewed for proper placement.
G4 (high side of expiratory flow and expiratory pressure XDCR 3 and 2)
Clear silicone tubing with black line
Top – goes to the expiratory flow sensor bulkhead
Bottom – goes to the expiratory manifold on the TCA
F4 (low side of expiratory flow)
Clear silicone tubing
Top – goes to the expiratory V sensor bulkhead
Bottom – goes to the expiratory manifold on the TCA
E4
Yellow tubing
Top – inspiratory pressure line that goes to the SOPR manifold
Bottom – inspiratory pressure that goes to the transducer on the TCA ( XDCR 1)
4-6
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
12. Disconnect the yellow tubing from (D4) that feeds the EPM board.
13. Loosen the 11/32 nut securing the assembly to the base at the bottom front left.
14. Ensure all cables and tubing are tucked into the gas delivery engine assembly and slide the
assembly out of the unit towards the rear. You will here a distinct “pop” as the assembly
disconnects from the driver transition board connection.
15. Remove the power cord support bracket.
Note
You may need to pull firmly as you slide out the gas delivery engine assembly because it is attached to the 120-pin
connector on the driver transition board.
If you are removing Gas Delivery Engine P/N 510000-40022 please continue with the next step. If you are removing
Gas Delivery Engine P/N 16222 please continue at step number 1 of Installation.
16. Locate the internal battery pack and cut the 2 purple wires located at the
battery pack to 1.5” (inches).
17. Fold back onto itself, 1 of the wires that has been cut ¼” (inch).
18. Cut the wire that was not folded even with the wire that was folded, so that they are now even
in length.
19. Cut a piece of heat shrink tube that has been supplied to I” (inch) in length.
20. Slide both purple wires that have been folded and cut into the heat shrink tube.
21. Ensure that both wires are inside the heat shrink tube and that neither wire is showing through
the end of the heat shrink tube.
22. Using a heat gun or equivalent device, warm the heat shrink tube until it shrinks tight to the 2
purple wires that have been cut and folded previously.
23. Locate the Compressor power board located next to the compressor pump.
24. Remove the one 11/32” nut securing the ground wire from the compressor power board.
25. Remove the 2 11/32” nuts securing the compressor power board to the unit case.
26. Raise the compressor board up and away from the unit enough to allow disconnection of the 2
wire harnesses.
27. Cut the ground wire 1”(inch) from the compressor power board.
28. Fold back onto itself, the cut wire ¼” (inch) that is attached to the Compressor Board.
29. Cut a piece of heat shrink tube that has been supplied to I” (inch) in length.
30. Slide the wire that has been folded and cut into the heat shrink tube.
31. Using a heat gun or equivalent device, warm the heat shrink tube until it shrinks tight to the
wire that was cut and folded previously.
32. Reconnect the 2 wire connectors to the Compressor Power Board.
33. Re-install the Compressor Power Board to the unit case using the 2 11/32” (inch) nuts.
34. Cut all tie straps securing Battery Monitor Board P/N 16105.
35. Disconnect the 2 pin connector of the battery monitor board from the 2 pin connector
containing wires #12 and #13.
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Service Manual
36. Disconnect the 4 pin connector from the battery monitor board to the battery.
37. Disconnect wire #14 from the black wire of the battery monitor board.
38. Disconnect the 2 wires from the fuse holder. The battery monitor board will now be free to
remove from the unit.
39. Connect wire # 14 to the straight terminal of the fuse holder.
40. Connect wire harness (internal battery upgrade cable assembly) P/N 16243 2 pin connector to
the 2 pin connector containing wires # 12 and #13. Secure using cable tie P/N 05038.
41. Connect the black wire from cable harness P/N 16243 to the right-angle terminal connector of
the fuse holder.
42. Connect the 4 pin connector of the internal battery to the 4 pin connector of P/N 16243.
Secure 4 pin connector using cable tie P/N 05038.
Installation
WARNING
Prior to re-installing the GDE, insure that C31 is not touching the Flow Control Valve or that there is
insulation material between the two. (C31 is the orange capacitor located closest to the top of the FCV).
1. Ensure all cables and tubing are tucked into the gas delivery engine assembly and slide it as far
into the unit as required to hold the assembly. Do not yet connect the assembly to the driver
transition board.
2. Connect yellow hose (D4) to the EPM board.
3. Connect the tubing from the EPM board into C4 by inserting into the compression fitting.
4. Connect the yellow bleed tubing from the sensor assembly; the clear yellow tubing to F4, and the
blue tubing to G4. To connect into the luer lock fittings, twist and push.
5. Connect the clear tubing from the sensor assembly to F4 luer lock fitting, and the black striped
tubing to G4 luer lock fitting.
6. Connect the two ribbon cables located at the front of the ventilator (the 10-pin
ribbon cable to J17 and the 20-pin ribbon cable to J16).
7. Connect the 4-pin battery monitor board to the gas delivery engine.
8. Engage the gas delivery engine to the driver transition board by ensuring proper alignment of the
two alignment pins and the connector. Press firmly into place.
4-8
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Figure 4-3 Gas Engine Connector on Driver Transition PCB
CAUTION
It is essential to ensure correct alignment to the 120-pin connector on the driver transition board (see
diagram) before pushing home the gas delivery engine. Failure to do so may result in damage to the
connector and the unit may not power up or operate properly.
9. Attach and secure the (4) SEMS screws on the four corners of the rear panel.
10. Replace the yellow hose from the gas delivery engine to the compressor filter.
11. Connect yellow hose from the accumulator into the compression fitting. Replace the metal safety
bracket, and secure with a new tie wrap.
12. Tighten the 11/32 nut at bottom right of the Gas Delivery engine and tighten
down.
13. Attach the User Monitor Interface and cable.
Note
Perform the Calibration and Operational Verification Procedure located in the AVEA service manual.
14. Once all tests are preformed, remove the User Interface Module and install the metal cover and all
associated screws.
15. Install plastic top cover and User Interface Module (UIM).
Note
Perform the Extended Service Test (EST) once the unit is completely re-assembled and prior
to patient setup
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4-9
Service Manual
Ventilator wheeled base
Removal
1.
Unscrew the (4) thumbscrews on attaching the
base to the ventilator body as shown in figure 4.4 and
detach from the wheeled base.
Installation
2.
Position the ventilator assembly onto the base
by lining up the holes over the 4 spring-loaded
thumbscrews and tighten the thumbscrews.
Figure 4-4 Wheeled base
showing attachment points
Internal Batteries P/N 68339A
Removal
1. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, remove the following components:
UIM and the top cover
2. Internal battery fuse holder
3. Disconnect the battery fuse holder by pulling straight back on the two faston connectors.
4. Remove the fuse holder and fuse from the ventilator chassis using pliers to remove nut.
5. Remove the (3) 11/32 KEPS nuts that hold the battery bracket in place; (2) KEPS nuts on the
bottom and (1) on the top.
6. Slide out the retaining bracket and the batteries.
Figure 4-5 Battery fuse holder & Bracket
4-10
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
7. Disconnect the positive and negative
leads from the wire harness that
connects to the driver transition
board.
8. Cut both tie wraps that secure the
battery monitor board and the 4-pin
molex to the batteries.
9. Disconnect the batteries from each
other.
Figure 4-6 Battery Assembly
Installation
1. Cut three 3” stripes of 1” wide double-backed adhesive tape. Place one strip on the bottom of
one battery, and the other two strips on the top and bottom of the other battery.
2. Place the first battery against the chassis and the second battery on top of the first.
3. Secure the batteries into place with the retaining bracket by using (3) 11/32 KEPS nuts; (2)
KEPS nuts on the bottom and (1) on the top.
4. Connect the positive and negative battery leads to the wire harness that connects to the driver
transition board. (These are arranged M-F and F-M so they cannot be wrongly connected)
5. Replace the fuse holder into the front of the chassis.
6. Connect the lug connectors to the two battery fuse terminals using either combination of wires.
7. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, install the following components:
UIM and the top cover.
FUSES
The AVEA has replaceable fuses associated with internal DC, external DC and AC power sources.
Please refer to your present power requirements which are detailed on the rear of the AVEA.
Line Voltage
Fuse
100/120VAC (2) 250 V 6.35 X 31.75mm
230/240VAC (2) 250 V 6.35 X 31.75mm
L1524
Amperage (350 Watt Power Supply) 250 Watt Power Supply
3.15 amp
(Viasys P/N 71692)
6.3 amp
(Viasys P/N 03490)
1.5 amp
(Viasys P/N 71698)
3.15 amp
(Viasys P/N 71692)
4-11
Service Manual
WARNING
Do not remove or replace fuses or perform any maintenance tasks on the ventilator while your patient is
connected. Always perform these tasks “off patient”.
Battery Fuses
External
Battery Fuse
Holder
The internal and optional external battery fuses are
10A, 250V 5 x 20 mm fast blow type.
The fuse for the optional external battery is located on
the back panel next to the external battery connector
and is replaceable. The fuse for the internal battery is
located to the right of the UIM connection. To remove
fuses, carefully unscrew with a flat blade screwdriver
and pull out the fuse holder.
External
Battery
Connector
Figure 4-7 External Battery Connector & Fuse
WARNING
To avoid fire hazard, use only the fuse specified in the ventilator’s parts list or one that is identical in
type, voltage rating, and current rating to the existing fuse.
Mains Fuses
The main AC power fuses are housed within the power entry module located on the back panel. They
are slow blow-type. Check that the correct voltage for your mains supply is showing through the
window in the power entry module.
Table 4-1 Mains fuses
Line Voltage
Fuse
Amperage
100/120VAC
250V 6.35 x
31.75mm
250v 6.35 x
31.75mm
3.2A
230/240VAC
1.5A
Replacing a Mains Electrical Fuse
WARNING
Ensure that the mains power cord is unplugged before attempting to remove or replaces fuses.
To replace mains electrical fuses, refer to figures 4-8 through 4-12 and do the following:
4-12
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
L1524
1.
Unplug the ventilator from the mains AC power source and unplug the power cord from
the power entry module on the rear of the ventilator.
2.
Using a small flat blade screwdriver, pry open the cover of the power entry module.
3.
Carefully ease the red fuse holder out of the power entry module.
4.
The fuse holder contains two identical fuses, either 3.1Amp for (for 100/120 volt lines) or
2.0 Amp (for 230/240 volt lines) as shown in table 6.1.
5.
Replace the failed fuse in the fuse holder with a fuse whose type, voltage rating, and
current rating is identical to the fuses supplied from the factory.
6.
Carefully replace the red fuse holder into the power entry module. Check to ensure that
the correct line voltage is uppermost as you re-insert the fuse holder into the
power entry module.
7.
Close the power entry module cover and check to make sure that the correct voltage is
displayed through the window.
4-13
Service Manual
Changing the AC Fuses:
Figure 4-8
Opening the
power
entry module
with a
screwdriver
Figure 4-9
Removing the
fuse holder
Figure 4-10
Fuse holder
showing fuse
placement
Figure 4-11
Fuse-holder
with 230V
label uppermost
for 230/240VAC
systems.
Figure 4-12
closed power
entry module
with 115V
showing in the
window for
100/120 volt
systems
4-14
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Compressor/Scroll Pump P/N 51000-09750A
33928 / Inlet Filter
33929 / Outlet Filter.
Figure 4-13
Compressor/ Scroll Pump
Removal
1. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, remove the following components:
UIM and the top cover.
2. Remove high pressure hose from compressor motor at the filter outlet. Move the high
pressure hose out of your working area.
3.
Disconnect from A/C power.
4. Disconnect internal battery.
5. Remove the (4) 11/32 KEPS nuts in each corner of the compressor mounting base. Remove
the (1) ground wire located at the front right of the compressor.
6. Disconnect compressor wiring harness (molex P2) from compressor driver board.
7. Carefully lift compressor pump to clear the power board shield.
8. Access the 12-pin scroll pump connector and disconnect from the driver transition board.
9. Remove the (2) KEPS nuts on the scroll compressor board (1) on the right and (1) on the front,
and remove the compressor board.
10. Scroll pump is now completely detached.
11. Remove from the unit and set aside.
Note
Compressor power board should be placed in an antistatic bag.
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4-15
Service Manual
Installation
1. Slide the compressor/scroll pump in the front right side of the ventilator and position over the (4)
studs.
2. Install ground wire over right front stud and secure with one of the 11/32 KEPS nuts.
3. Secure compressor using the (4) 11/32 KEPS nuts over the (4) studs.
4. Connect 8-pin Molex connector from compressor to compressor driver board.
Note
Ensure the scroll compressor assembly is seated below the wire that runs from the driver
transition board to the fan and push down the wire harness from the driver transition board
under the front of the scroll pump to avoid wedging it between the scroll pump and the chassis
5. Position the scroll compressor board onto two studs and secure with (2) KEPS nuts; (1) on the right
and (1) on the front. Inlet 33928 / & outlet 33929 / Filters (0.3 microns)
6. Reattach the high pressure hose to the filter outlet.
7. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, re-install the following components:
•
UIM and the top cover.
Enhanced Patient Monitor (EPM) Board P/N 5100040848A
Removal
1. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, remove the following components:
•
UIM and the top cover
•
Ventilator assembly (from the base)
2. Remove the flow sensor cover by removing the (3) SEMS screws.
3. Remove the (2) KEPS nuts; the brss colored EMI shield, and blue flex cable.
4. Disconnect the 10-pin ribbon cable from the front of the GDE.
5. Turn the unit on its’ side.
6. Remove (7) Phillips screws; 2 from the lower back panel and (5) from the bottom panel.
7. Remove bottom panel.
8. Remove (2) screws from the top of the front panel.
9. Loosen (2) KEPS nuts from the bottom that hold the front panel.
10. Pull off front panel.
11. Loosen (1) KEPS nut from the bottom and (4) screws on the front panel.
12. Remove the blue tubing from the nebulizer to the front panel.
13. Gently pull the blue ribbon cable through the narrow slot at the top center fo the front interface
panel and the rest of the wiring through the recessed compartment in the chassis.
4-16
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
CAUTION
Never pull on a cable during disconnection.
Installation
Figure 4-14
EPM Board alignment notches
Note
Ensure that you do not pinch any tubing since this can result in damage to the AVEA.
1. Gently feed the blue ribbon cable through the narrow slot at the top center of the front panel and
the wiring through the recessed compartment in the chassis.
2. Attach the blue tubing from the nebulizer to the front panel.
3. Tighten (1) KEPS nut on the bottom and (4) screws on the front interface panel.
4. Position the front panel and install (2) KEPS nuts on the bottom and (2) screws on the bottom of
the front panel.
5. Position the back panel and install (7) Phillips screws; (2) on the lower back panel and (5) on the
bottom panel.
6. Turn the unit over.
7. Install the (2) KEPS nuts, the EMI shield, brass bracket and ribbon cable.
8. Attach the flow sensor cover by installing the (3) SEMS screws.
9. Referring to this chapter, install the following components:
Ventilator assembly onto the base
UIM and the top cover
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4-17
Service Manual
Fan Assembly P/N 51000-40861
(12 VDC, 550mA)
Removal
1.
Referring to the instructions in this chapter, remove the following components:UIM and the top
cover.
Disconnect the fan cable from the wire harness of the TCA board.
Pop off the fan filter cover.
Remove the filter and the filter cover.
Remove the (4) 2.5” Phillips screws holding the fan filter housing. Remove the fan assembly
and the fan cover.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Installation
1.
Insert the honeycomb shield into the shroud.
2.
Insert the fan assembly into the shroud, ensuring the wire assembly is facing towards the
lower outside corner of the ventilator.
3.
Align the fan cover on the outside of the chassis and the fan assembly on the inside using (1)
screw to assist in positioning.
4.
Secure both the fan cover and the fan assembly with (4) 2.5” Phillips screws.
5.
Connect the fan cable to the TCA wire harness.
6.
Tuck the wire harness along side the fan between the fan and the outer wall of the unit.
7.
Place the filter inside the filter cover so that the locking tabs face the chassis and snap the
filter cover into place.
8.
Referring to the instructions in this chapter, install the following components:
•
4-18
UIM and the top cover.
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Power Supply P/N 16388
Tools Required
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Phillips #2 screwdriver with 8” shaft
11/32 nut driver
3/8 nut driver
Side cutters
Needle-nosed pliers
Removal
1. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, remove the following components
in the following order:
•
UIM and the top cover.
Note
To gain access to the power supply, the aluminum shield under the plastic top cover must also
be removed. There are (19) SEMS screws; (3) on the left, (5) on the right and (11) on top.
•
•
•
Fan assembly
EPM board (It is not necessary to remove this board when gaining access to the power
supply. Please see instructions at the end of this procedure).
Scroll pump/compressor.
2. Cut and remove all cable ties that secure the wire assemblies to the power shield.
3. Disconnect the 5-pin connector at J2.
NOTE
It is suggested to label the (3)wires coming from the 3-pin terminal block as neutral (blue), load (brown)
and ground (green and yellow) as printed on the power supply circuit board.
4. Using a Phillips screwdriver, loosen the screws of the terminal block that secures wires #1 and #3
and remove.
5. Remove and label blue (neutral) and brown (load) wires on the power entry module.
6. Remove the (4) 11/32 KEPS nuts (2) on the left and (2) on the right. Pull out the power supply
including the brass bracket. Part number:
Installation
L1524
1.
If installing a new power supply, you will need to install (4) cable mounts on the new power
supply. Use the old power supply as a model for the location on the new power supply.
2.
Reconnect the (3) wires from the power entry module to the 3-pin terminal block of the power
supply board.
4-19
Service Manual
4-20
3.
Seat the power supply and the bracket into the chassis and secure with (4) 11/32 KEPS nuts;
(2) on the left and (2) on the right.
4.
Reconnect the (2) wires, # 1 and #3 from the terminal block.
5.
Reattach the 5-pin connector to the power supply board location J2.
6.
Replace the cable ties.
7.
Reinstall lock washer, ground wire and nut securely.
8.
Secure wiring harness with cable ties to power supply shield.
9.
Referring to the instructions in this chapter, install the following components in the order listed:
•
Scroll Pump / Compressor
•
EPM board. (If not removed, return the EPM to its’ position on the (2) mounting studs and
secure using the (2) Phillips screws.
•
Fan assembly.
•
Scroll compressor.
•
UIM and the top cover.
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Table 4-2 AVEA Power supply specifications
INPUT
TB1
6-32 3 pin terminal block
PIN 1 AC line
Pin 2 AC neutral
Pin 3 AC ground
OUTPUT
TB2
6-32 4 pin terminal block 0.375 ctr
Bus bar with 10-32 screw on high current models
Pins 1 and 2 +V out
Pins 3 and 4 Return
16A max recommended current per connector pin
Signals J2
Amp PCB Header
Mating connector
Pin 1 DC Good
Pin 2 Power fail
Pin 3 Ext off
Pin 4 + Sense
Pin 5 -Sense
Fan
AMP PCB Header
Mating Connector
Pin 1 Pin 2 +
Maximun screw protrusion above chassis = 0.120”
Weight 2.9 lbs (1.32Kg) max.
To Clear EPM Board From Workspace During Replacement Of
Power Supply:
L1524
1.
Remove the (2) Phillips screws that secure the EPM to the center bracket.
2.
Pull firmly, straight up. This action will release the EPM board from the mounting studs.
3.
Without disconnecting any tubes, hoses or wires, place the EPM board into a static bag and
set out of the way of the compressor and power board.
4-21
Service Manual
Exhalation Valve P/N 16319 and Exhalation Flow Sensor
Assembly P/N 51000-40023
Exhalation housing P/N 20030
Figure 4-15
Exhalation Valve and Flow Sensor*
Assembly
Removal
1.
4-22
Referring to the instructions in this chapter, remove the following components:
•
UIM and the top cover.
•
Exhalation filter (51000-40640) & watertrap assembly (50000-40035).
2.
Remove the third (and last) screw from the exhalation assembly cover of the left hand corner
of the AVEA. Remove the cover.
3.
Pull the locking shroud of the connector back and disconnect the sensor from the chassis.
4.
Grasp the rubber elbow and slide it towards you and remove.
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
5.
Gently remove the exhalation flow sensor by pulling straight towards you.
6.
Push in the locking tab on the exhalation valve body and twist the body counterclockwise to
remove.
7.
Remove the silicon diaphragm from the exhalation valve assembly.
8.
Disconnect the two wires from the wiring harness.
9.
Carefully cut the cable tie retaining the exhalation valve.
10.
Remove the (2) KEPS nuts and Phillips screws from the top and bottom of the exhalation
valve assembly and the bracket. (recommend using a 3/8 box or open-end wrench for this
task)
11.
Remove the exhalation valve by sliding it out of the brackets and slightly spreading the mount
so as not to damage the wires..
CAUTION
Ensure that you do not damage the small wires when removing the exhalation valve.
Installation
1.
Position the exhalation assembly onto the chassis by lining up the screw holes on the front
panel and sliding it into the exhalation valve bracket.
CAUTION
Ensure that you do not damage the small wires when installing the exhalation valve.
2.
Install the (2) Phillips screws through the top and bottom of the exhalation valve assembly and
the bracket and secure with (2) KEPS nuts.
3.
Connect the cables to the wiring harness.
4.
Leaving room for the gas delivery engine, run the wire harness under the tab in the exhalation
valve assembly bracket.
5.
Insert the silicon diaphragm (P/N 16240) into the exhalation valve body by seating it into the lip
with the point out.
6.
Install the exhalation valve body; line up the flange on the valve body with the tabs on the
receptacle and twist clockwise until secure.
7.
Install the exhalation flow sensor by sliding it into the gasket with the tubing facing up and
ensure the tubing is under the retaining notch.
8.
Slide the blue rubber elbow sensor boot in by lining it up with the grooves.
9.
Attach the connector to the chassis by pulling back the plastic sleeve and pushing it into place.
10.
Push the locking clip back to secure the sensor.
11.
Reinstall the exhalation assembly cover using 2 of the 3 screws (side and bottom front).
12.
Referring to the instructions in this chapter, re-install the following components:
•
L1524
UIM and the top cover.
4-23
Service Manual
Heater Assembly P/N 51000-40824
Removal
1. Remove the (4) Phillip #1screws holding the shield.
2. Remove (2) KEP nuts at the base.
3. Disconnect the 3-pin and 2-pin connectors and label.
4. Remove (2) 11/32 KEP nuts on the back of the front panel shielding the flow sensor PCB.
5. Remove (2) Phillips #2 screws from the front panel.
6. Remove corner piece
7. Remove screws (4) Phillip #1 holding shield.
8. Remove heater assembly
9. The top cover.
•
Exhalation Valve and Flow Sensor Assembly
•
Remove the screws holding the shield and remove shield.
•
Remove heater assembly
Installation
When removing and installing the corner and heater assembly, do not replace the plastic piece of the
front panel or the bottom piece of the ventilator until corner/heater assembly is in place.
1.
Referring to the instructions in this chapter, install the following components:
2.
Reinstall heater assembly into the shield using (4) Phillips #1 screws.
3.
Attach corner to the base assembly using (3) KEPS nuts and (2) Phillips #2 screws.
•
Re-attach heater.
•
Re-attach shield.
•
Exhalation Valve and Flow Sensor Assembly
•
UIM and the top cover.
Microswitch, Top Cover P/N 68294
Figure 4-16
4-24
Top Cover Micro Switch
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Removal
1. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, remove the following components:
•
UIM and the top cover.
2. Remove attachment screws, disconnect and lift off the micro switch.
Installation
1. Reattach using screws provided. Re-connect the wiring.
2. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, install the following components:
•
UIM and the top cover.
EMI Shield
Removal
1. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, remove the following components:
•
UIM and the top cover.
2. Remove the protective box cover by removing the (1) Phillips screw.
3. Remove the EMI shield protective box by removing the (2) KEPS nuts that secure it.
Installation
1. Replace the EMI shield protective box and secure it with (2) KEPS nuts.
2. Replace the protective box cover and secure with (1) Phillips screw.
3. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, install the following components:
•
UIM and the top cover.
Front Interface Panel P/N 51000-40635
Removal
1. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, remove the following components:
•
UIM and the top cover.
•
Ventilator assembly (from the base).
•
Gas delivery engine assembly.
2. Remove the flow sensor cover by removing the (3) SEMS screws.
3. Remove the (2) KEPS nuts, the EMI shield, brass bracket, and ribbon cable.
4. Turn the unit over and support it on 2x4 pieces of wood so as not to put the entire weight of the unit on the 4
standoffs.
5. Remove (7) Phillips screws; (2) from the lower back panel and (5) from the bottom panel.
6. Remove bottom panel
L1524
4-25
Service Manual
7. Remove (2) screws from the top of the front panel.
8. Loosen (2) KEPS nuts from the bottom that hold the front panel.
9. Pull off the front panel.
10. Loosen (1) KEPS nut from the bottom and (4) screws on the front panel.
11. Remove the blue tubing from the nebulizer to the front panel.
12. Gently pull the blue ribbon cable through the narrow slot at the top center of the front interface panel and the
rest of the wiring through the recessed compartment in the chassis.
Installation
1. Gently feed the blue ribbon cable through the narrow slot at the top center of the front panel and
the wiring through the recessed compartment in the chassis.
2. Attach the blue tubing from the nebulizer to the front panel.
3. Tighten (1) KEPS nut on the bottom and (4) screws on the front interface panel.
4. Position the front panel and install (2) KEPS nuts on the bottom and (2) screws on the bottom of
the front panel.
5. Position the back panel and install (7) Phillips screws; (2) on the lower back panel and (5) on the
bottom panel.
6. Turn the unit over.
7. Install the (2) KEPS nuts, the EMI shield, brass bracket, and ribbon cable.
8. Attach the flow sensor cover by installing the (3) SEMS screws.
9. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, install the following components:
4-26
•
Ventilator assembly onto the base.
•
Gas delivery engine assembly.
•
UIM and the top cover.
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Transition board with harness P/N 16216
Figure 4-17
Driver transition board
Removal
1. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, remove the following:
•
UIM and the top cover.
•
Gas delivery engine assembly.
•
Fan assembly connections
•
Scroll compressor connections.
•
Front interface panel connections.
2. Disconnect the wiring to the power supply board and the battery.
3. Remove the spiral wrap to the alarm connector, and feed the wires out of the hole in the
chassis one connector at a time.
4. Remove the (2) Phillips screws and flat washers from the chassis.
5. Remove the Phillips screws on the board bracket and remove the board from the bracket.
Installation
1. Mount the driver transition board into the first half of the bracket; place the board on the three
round threaded studs with the cables spread outward, and secure the (3) Phillips screws.
2. Place the flat side of the other half of the bracket on the two mounting pins and slide it down.
3. Install (1) Phillips screw from the front to the rear of the bracket and leave finger tight.
4. Align the bracket over the two threaded holes in the chassis and install (2) Phillips screws
using flat washers.
L1524
4-27
Service Manual
5. Align the driver transition board; slide in the gas delivery engine assembly, carefully connect it
to the driver transition board, adjusting the bracket as necessary.
6. Once the alignment is complete, secure the driver transition board and the height adjustment
pin on the bracket, and then remove the gas delivery engine assembly.
7. Feed the top wiring harness through the small hole in the front right of the chassis, one
connector at a time.
8. Install the spiral wrap, leaving the alarm connector hanging off to the side.
9. Make the appropriate connections to the power supply board and to the battery.
10. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, install the following components:
•
Front interface panel.
•
Scroll compressor.
•
Fan assembly.
•
Gas delivery engine assembly.
•
UIM and the top cover.
Alarm Speaker P/N 51000-40818
Removal
1. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, remove the following components:
•
UIM and the top cover.
•
Ventilator assembly from the base.
•
Bottom cover.
•
Front panel.
2. Turn the unit over and support it on 2x4 pieces of wood to avoid putting the entire weight of the
unit on the 4 standoffs.
3. Disconnect the wire to the driver transition board.
4. Remove the (2) 11/32 KEPS nuts that secure the speaker and lift the speaker off of the
threaded studs.
Installation
1. Position the speaker onto the two threaded studs and secure with (2) 11/32 KEPS nuts.
2. Connect the wire to the driver transition board.
3. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, install the following components:
4-28
•
Bottom cover.
•
Front panel.
•
Ventilator assembly onto the base.
•
UIM and the top cover.
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Nebulizer Assembly P/N 51000-40026
Note
Nebulizer may be activated when using an external compressed air source. It is inactive during use of the optional
internal compressor.
Removal
1.
Referring to the instructions in this chapter, remove the following components:
•
UIM and the top cover.
•
Ventilator assembly from base.
•
Bottom cover.
2.
Cut tie wraps on the nebulizer booster.
3.
Remove wire harness.
4.
Disconnect the two solenoid connectors to the driver transition board.
5.
Disconnect the tubing from the accumulator.
6.
6 Remove the (3) KEPS nuts that secure the nebulizer; (2) on the left side and (1) on the right,
Maneuver the nebulizer out from behind the accumulator.
7.
Disconnect blue tube just in front of the solenoid.
Installation
L1524
1.
Turn the unit over and support it on 2x4 pieces of wood so as not to put the entire weight of
the unit on the 4 standoffs.
2.
Position the nebulizer onto the three threaded studs and using ong needle-nosed pliers,
secure with (3) 11/32 KEPS nuts; (2) on the left side and (1) on the right.
3.
Connect the tubing from the accumulator to the left side of the nebulizer.
4.
Feed the tubing from the gas delivery engine through the U-shaped notch on the left side of
the chassis and connect it to the nebulizer.
5.
Connect the two solenoid connectors from the driver transition board.
6.
Referring to the instructions in this chapter, install the following components:
•
Bottom cover.
•
Gas delivery engine assembly.
•
UIM and the top cover.
4-29
Service Manual
Figure 4-18
4-30
Nebulizer Assembly showing ports
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Accumulator P/N 51000-40748
Removal
1. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, remove the following components:
•
UIM and the top cover.
•
Gas delivery engine assembly.
•
Ventilator assembly from base.
•
Bottom cover.
•
Front panel.
•
Speaker.
•
Nebulizer.
2. Disconnect the solenoid cable from the driver transition board.
3. Disconnect the tubing from the solenoid drain panel.
4. Remove the (4) 11/32 KEPS nuts; one from each corner.
5. Remove the accumulator, twisting to carefully remove the gas delivery engine supply tubing
out of the slot on the bottom left of the chassis.
Installation
1. Turn the unit over and support it on 2x4 pieces of wood so as not to put the entire weight of
the unit on the 4 standoffs.
2. Rotate the supply tube to the gas delivery engine into the slot on the bottom left of the chassis.
3. Position the accumulator by sliding the two notches over the threaded studs at the bottom and
seating the top onto the two mounting studs.
4. Secure the accumulator with (4) 11/32 KEPS nuts, one on each corner.
5. Connect the tubing to the solenoid drain panel.
6. Connect the solenoid cable to the driver transition board.
7. Referring to the instructions in this chapter, install the following components:
L1524
•
Speaker.
•
Bottom cover.
•
Front panel.
•
Nebulizer.
•
Ventilator assembly onto the base.
•
Gas delivery engine assembly.
•
UIM and the top cover.
4-31
Service Manual
Secondary Alarm Installation (KitP/N 16316)
The purpose of the secondary (back up) alarm is to sound when a ventilator inop occurs and the
secondary alarm electronics detects the primary alarm is not functioning.
General Instructions and Warnings
The removal and installation of major subassemblies requires OVP and calibration. Refer to Service
Manual L1524.
When disassembling or assembling the AVEA, refer to the tubing diagram, P/N 51000-40840, the wiring
diagram P/N 51000-40839 and appropriate schematics and assembly drawings located in Appendix B
of the Service manual L1524. The illustrations shown here are for reference only, current revisions of
these diagrams and schematics are available to qualified personnel from VIASYS Healthcare, Critical
Care Division, Technical Support.
WARNING
ALWAYS TAKE STANDARD ESD PRECAUTIONS WHEN WORKING ON AVEA VENTILATOR
SYSTEMS.
Assure that you are adequately earth grounded prior to handling and working inside of the AVEA
ventilator.
Ensure the ventilator is disconnected from the AC and DC power supplies before performing repairs or
maintenance. When you remove any of the ventilator covers or panels, disconnect the internal battery
“quick release” connector before working on the ventilator. If the ventilator has an external battery
installed, ensure that the external battery is unplugged from the rear panel before proceeding.
Recommended Tools & Equipment
Note
Before using any test equipment [electronic or pneumatic] for calibration procedures, the accuracy of the
instruments must be verified by a testing laboratory. The laboratory master test instruments must be traceable to
the National Institute of Standards Technology (NIST) or equivalent. When variances exist between the indicated
and actual values, the calibration curves [provided for each instrument by the testing laboratory] must be used to
establish the actual correct values. This certification procedure should be performed at least once every six
months. More frequent certification may be required based on usage.
Long & short Philips screwdrivers
Flat bladed screwdriver
Side Cutters
11/32” Nut Driver (8”shank)
3/8” Nut Driver
5/16” Nut Driver
Thin Needle-nose Pliers
4-32
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
WARNING
Always disconnect the white battery quick disconnect once the top cover is removed to prevent injury
and/or damage to the AVEA Ventilator System.
Note
Prior to complete reassembly, UIM may be temporarily installed for testing and calibration.
1. Remove UIM
2. Remove Metal Shield Cover and set aside
3. Remove wires #14 and #63 from the fuse holder.
4. Using an 11/32” nut driver remove the 3-Kep nuts securing the battery to the chassis.
5. If necessary remove the fuse holder from the chassis.
6.
Cut cable ties securing the battery connector and disconnect the battery. Carefully remove
battery pack from the unit and set aside.
7.
Remove pneumatic module from the cart.
8. Carefully lay the unit so that the bottom plate is facing up.
9. Remove the 5 screws from the base assembly and the 2 screws from the back panel.
10. Remove base plate and set aside.
11. Cut the cable tie that secures the wires and the blue tube to the nebulizer block. Move wires
and tube out of the way for the secondary alarm installation.
12. Remove the cable tie bridge from the nebulizer block and discard.
13. Using an 11/32” nut driver loosen the 2-Kep nuts securing the speaker alarm.
14. Using an 11/32” nut driver loosen the 1- Kep nuts securing the metal front plate (this is the
plate that has the battery LED’s).
15. Disconnect the blue tube from the regulator and move it out of the way.
Note:
If the unit is serialized prior to ADV03500 repositioning the jumper at J3 maybe be required. See photo #6.
16. Install the Secondary alarm assembly as shown in photo #1 ensuring that the back of the
Secondary alarm bracket is flush against the nebulizer block.
CAUTION
ensure all wires and tubes are out of the way prior to installing the Secondary alarm assembly.
17. Using an 11/32” nut driver tighten the 2-Kep nuts securing the Secondary alarm in place.
18. Using an 11/32” nut driver tighten the remaining Kep nut.
19. Connect wires from the Secondary alarm as follows.
1. Wires #66 to #25 and #26
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4-33
Service Manual
2. Disconnect Wires #31 and #32 from the Speaker Alarm connection labeled 51000-40818.
3. Wires #68 and #69 to Wires #31 and #32
4. Connect wires labeled 51000-40818 to J1 located on the Secondary alarm P.C.B.A.
20. Locate wire #70/71 this will be the longest wire with split coupling at the end.
21. Feed wire #70/71 underneath the tubes and solenoids and through the access hole in the
chassis were the yellow and blue tube feed through into the GDE area. See photo #2
22. Once wire #70/71 is fed through the access hole, set the pneumatic module on its side and
pull wire #70/71 all the way through the access hole.
23. Feed wire #70/71 along side the GDE and the Exhalation assembly.
24. Disconnect wire #41 from the main power switch.
25. Connect wire #41 and #70/71 together as shown in photo #3
26. Connect wires #41 and #70/71 to the main power switch as shown in photo #3
NOTE
When connecting wires #41 and #70/71 press in on the main power switch from the outside of the unit to ensure that the main
power switch is not pushed out. The secondary alarm assembly must be grounded to the unit chassis to ensure proper
function.
27. Re-install the battery and fuse holder and re-connect the battery connector.
Functional testing of the Secondary Alarm Assembly.
Note
Do not install the base plate at this time.
1. Place and secure the pneumatic module to the cart.
Note
ensure that all wires and tube located in the lower section of the pneumatic module so damage does not occur.
2. Temporarily install the UIM onto the pneumatic module.
3. Connect the circuit and test lung to the pneumatic module for testing.
4. Plug AC power cord into appropriate wall supply.
5. If the unit does not have the on board compressor connect the unit to appropriate wall gas supply.
6. Turn unit on and allow the unit to power up and press accept patient icon.
4-34
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
7. Clear all visual and audible alarms.
8. Approximately 15 seconds after all alarms are cleared the Secondary alarm will sound for 1 to 2
seconds.
9. After 3 minutes with no backup alarm sounding from the unit, turn unit off.
Additional test to ensure proper wire routing.
1. This test requires quick action and response from the operator to ensure proper functional test of
the Secondary alarm.
2. Disconnect expiratory sensor and turn unit ON. Disconnect speaker wire from J1 of the Secondary
alarm P.C.B.A.
3. The secondary alarm must sound continuously approximately 20 seconds after wire is
disconnected at J1
4. Reconnect speaker wire at J1 and secure all wires and tubes with cable ties as shown in photos #4
and #5.
5. Once the test has passed the bottom plate can be reattached and the unit can be placed back on
the cart.
Photo #1
L1524
4-35
Service Manual
Photo #2
Photo #3
4-36
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Photo#4
Photo #5
L1524
4-37
Service Manual
Photo #6a Prior to ventilator serial # ADV03500
Photo #6b After ventilator serial # ADV03500
4-38
L1524
Service Manual
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Chapter 5
(OVP)
Operational Verification Procedure
WARNING
Verification Testing should always be done off patient.
Set up
Plug the AVEA into a suitable AC Power source, 50 PSI oxygen source and 50 PSI medical air source.
Initially, connect an adult patient circuit and an adult test lung.
NOTE
Manufacturer recommends the use of a non disposable adult patient circuit (P/N 16044 48” or P/N 16045 72”) and
test lung (P/N 33754) in testing VIASYS ventilation equipment:.
1
Turn power on.
2
Select New Patient when prompted. The Safety Valve Open alarm will activate. Press
Patient Accept. (This will re-set the controls to the default settings shown at the end of this
procedure).
3
Select Patient Size and select Adult. Press Size Accept. Leave the settings at the defaults
and verify that a Vent-Inop. Alarm is not activated.
4
Ensure that Leak Comp and Humidifier active are off. Press Setup Accept.
User Verification Tests (UVT)
The following tests are part of the User Verification testing performed before connection to a new
patient.
The POST test
The first part of the testing, the POST or Power On Self Test is transparent to the user and will only
message if the ventilator encounters an error. This test is run automatically and performs the following
checks:
•
Processor Self Check
•
ROM Check Sum
•
RAM Test
The POST will also check the audible alarms and the LEDs at which time the audible alarm sounds and
the LEDs on the User Interface Module flash. Normal ventilation commences at the culmination of the
POST.
L1524
5-1
Service Manual
Extended Systems Test (EST)
Note: Ensure that the O2 alarm is enabled. The O2 sensor calibration portion of the EST will fail if the
O2 alarm is disabled.
1
Connect medical grade oxygen and compressed air sources to the unit (20 TO 80 psi).
2
Press the Setup membrane button to access the Setup screen.
3
Press Size Accept to pass the next displayed screen.
Figure 5-1
4
Press the EST touch screen icon to highlight. (A message will appear instructing you to remove
the patient and block the patient circuit wye.) Remove the test lung and plug the wye connector.
Figure 5-2
5
5-2
After confirming that the patient has been disconnected and the circuit wye blocked press the
Continue (Cont) button. (The ventilator will perform the EST and display a countdown clock.)
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Figure 5-3
During this test the ventilator will perform:
•
Patient circuit leak test
•
Patient circuit compliance measurement
•
Two point calibration of the oxygen sensor
The patient circuit compliance measurement and leak test are performed simultaneously with the
oxygen sensor calibration. The maximum time for the EST is 90 seconds.
To restart the EST at any time select the Cancel button to return to the set up screen.
Figure 5.4
After each test is complete the ventilator will display a “Passed” or “Failed” message next to the
corresponding test.
Once the test is complete press the continue button to return to the set up screen.
Note
If you do not connect the ventilator to an oxygen supply, the O2 Sensor Calibration will immediately fail.
L1524
5-3
Service Manual
Manual Alarms Testing
This testing verifies the following alarms:
Low PEEP alarm
Low O2 alarm
High Ppeak alarm
High O2 alarm
High Ppeak,
EXT High Ppeak alarm
Low Ve alarm
Low Ve alarm sensitivity
Loss of AC alarm
Circuit Disconnect
High Ve alarm
High Rate Alarm
High Vt alarm
Apnea Interval Alarm
Low Vt alarm
CAUTION
Although failure of any of the above tests will not prevent the ventilator from functioning, it should be
checked to make sure it is operating correctly before use on a patient.
Note
To ensure proper calibration of the oxygen sensor, you should always perform a complete EST prior to conducting
Manual Alarms Testing.
WARNING
User Verification Testing should always be done off patient.
CAUTION
Following each alarm verification test, ensure that the alarm limits are reset to the recommended levels
shown in the following charts before proceeding to the next test.
Table 5-1 Test Setup Requirements
Adult Setting
Air Supply Pressure
O2 Supply Pressure
AC Line Voltage
Patient Circuit
Compliance
Resistance
Pediatric Setting
Neonate Setting
20-80 psig (2.1 bar)
Same
Same
20-80 psig (2.1 bar)
Same
Same
Varies Internationally
Same
Same
6’ (2 m) Adult
6’ (2 m) Adult
Infant
20 ml/cmH2O
20 ml/cmH2O
N/A
5 cmH20/L/sec
5 cmH20/L/sec
N/A
To conduct Manual Alarms Testing on the AVEA ventilator using default settings, complete the
following steps (A table describing the default settings for Adult, Pediatric and Neonatal patient sizes
follows).
5-4
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Please refer to software release notes of the current version of software in the AVEA that is being
tested to obtain the specific default values. The ones listed in this manual are those for software
version 3.4.
Table 5-2 Ventilation Setup
Vent Setup
ET tube Diameter
ET Tube Length
Artificial Airway
Compensation
Leak Compensation
Circuit Compliance
Compensation (Circ
Comp)
Humidification
Patient Weight
L1524
Adult Setting
Pediatric Setting
Neonate Setting
7.5 mm
5.5 mm
3.0 mm
30 cm
26 cm
15 cm
Off
Off
Off
Off
Off
Off
0.0 ml/cmH2O
0.0 ml/cmH2O
0.0 ml/cmH2O
NOT active in
Neonates.
Active On
Active On
Active On
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
5-5
Service Manual
Table 5-3 Primary Controls
Breath Type/Mode
Breath Rate (Rate)
Tidal Volume
(Volume)
Peak Flow
Inspiratory Pressure
(Insp Pres)
Inspiratory Pause
(Insp Pause)
Inspiratory Time
(Insp Time)
PSV
PEEP
Inspiratory Flow
Trigger (Flow Trig)
%O2
Adult Setting
Volume A/C
8 bpm
500 ml
Pediatric Setting
Volume A/C
12 bpm
100 ml
60 L/min
15 cmH2O
20 L/min
15 cmH2O
Neonate Setting
TCPL A/C
20 bpm
2.0 ml in volume
modes
8 L/min
15 cmH2O
0.0 sec
0.0 sec
0.0 sec
1.0 sec
0.75 sec
0.35 sec
0 cmH2O
6 cmH2O
1.0 L/min
0 cmH2O
6 cmH2O
1.0 L/min
0 cmH2O
3 cmH2O
0.5 L/min
21%
21%
21%
Table 5-4 Advanced Settings
Adv. Settings
Vsync
Vsync Rise
Sigh
Waveform
Bias Flow
Inspiratory Pressure
Trigger (Pres Trig)
PSV Rise
PSV Cycle
PSV Tmax
Machine Volume
(Mach Vol)
Volume Limit
(Vol Limit)
Inspiratory Rise
(Insp Rise)
5-6
Adult Setting
0 (off)
5
0 (off)
1 (Dec)
2.0 L/min
3.0 cmH2O
Pediatric Setting
0 (off)
5
0 (off)
1 (Dec)
2.0 L/min
3.0 cmH2O
Neonate Setting
N/A
N/A
N/A
1 (Dec)
2.0 L/min
3.0 cmH2O
5
25%
5 sec
0L
5
25%
0.5 sec
0 ml
5
10%
0.35 sec
0 ml
2.50 L
500 ml
300.0 ml
5
5
5
Flow Cycle
0% (off)
0% (off)
0% (off)
T High PSV
Off
Off
N/A
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Adv. Settings
Adult Setting
Pediatric Setting
Neonate Setting
T High Sync
0%
0%
N/A
T Low Sync
0%
0%
N/A
Demand Flow
On
On
On
Table 5-5 Alarm Settings
Adult Setting
Pediatric Setting
Neonate Setting
High Rate
75 bpm
75 bpm
75 bpm
High Tidal Volume
(High Vt)
3.00 L
1000 ml
300 ml
Low Tidal Volume
(Low Vt)
0.0 L
0.0 ml
0.0 ml
3 breaths
3 breaths
3 breaths
Low Exhaled
Minute Volume
(Low Ve)
1.0
0.5
0.05
High Exhaled
Minute Volume
(High Ve)
30.0 L/min
30.0 L/min
5.0 L/min
Low Inspiratory
Pressure (Low
Ppeak)
8 cmH2O
8 cmH2O
5 cmH2O
High Inspiratory
Pressure (High
Ppeak)
40 cmH2O
40 cmH2O
30 cmH2O
Low PEEP
3 cmH2O
3 cmH2O
1 cmH2O
20 sec
20 sec
20 sec
Low VTe
Sensitivity
Apnea Interval
Table 5-6 Auxiliary Controls
Manual Breath
Suction
↑ O2
L1524
Adult Setting
Pediatric Setting
Neonate Setting
---
---
---
---
---
---
79%
79%
20%
Nebulizer
---
Inspiratory Hold
(Insp Hold)
---
---
---
Expiratory Hold
(Exp Hold)
---
---
---
5-7
Service Manual
5-8
1.
Make the appropriate connections for air and O2 gas supply. Connect the power cord to an
appropriate AC outlet. Attach an appropriate size patient circuit and test lung to the ventilator.
2.
Power up the ventilator and select “NEW PATIENT” when the Patient Select Screen appears.
Accept this selection by pressing “PATIENT ACCEPT”. This will enable default settings for the
Manual Alarms Test.
3.
Select the appropriate patient size for your test (Adult, Pediatric or Neonate) from the Patient
Size Select Screen. Accept this selection by pressing “SIZE ACCEPT”. Set Humidifier Active
off.
4.
Make any desired changes or entries to the Ventilation Setup Screen and accept these by
pressing “SETUP ACCEPT”.
5.
Press Alarm Limits button on the upper right of the user interface.
6.
Verify that no alarms are active and clear the alarm indicator by pressing the alarm reset
button on the upper right of the user interface.
7.
Set the % O2 control to 100%. Disconnect the Oxygen sensor from the back panel of the
ventilator and verify that the Low O2 alarm activates. Return the O2 control setting to 21% with
the sensor still disconnected from the rear panel. Remove sensor from back panel. Provide
blow-by to the sensor from an external oxygen flow meter. Verify that the High O2 alarm
activates. Return the % O2 to 21%, reconnect the Oxygen sensor to the back panel. Clear all
alarm messages by pressing the alarm reset button.
8.
Set PEEP to 0. Set Low PEEP alarm to 0. Disconnect the patient wye from the test lung.
Verify that the Low Ppeak alarm activates, followed by the Circuit Disconnect alarm. This
second alarm should activate after the default setting of 20 seconds for the apnea interval has
elapsed. Reconnect the test lung to the circuit clear the alarm by pressing the reset button.
9.
Disconnect the AC power cord from the wall outlet. Verify that the Loss of AC alarm activates
and the battery-back up symbol appears in the lower right hand corner of the UIM touch
screen. Reconnect the AC power cord. The “battery” symbol should disappear. Clear the
alarm by pressing the reset button.
10.
Occlude the exhalation exhaust port. Verify that the High Ppeak alarm activates, followed 5
seconds later by the activation of the High Ppeak, Sust. alarm.
11.
Set the control setting for rate to 1 bpm. Verify that Apnea Interval alarm activates after the
default setting of 20 seconds. Return the control setting to its default value and clear the alarm
by pressing the reset button. Note that nebulizer is inactive with infant patient size selected.
12.
Set the Low PEEP alarm setting to a value above the default control setting for PEEP on your
ventilator. Verify that the Low PEEP alarm activates. Return the alarm setting to its default
value and clear the alarm by pressing the reset button.
13.
13.Set the High Ppeak alarm setting to a value below the measured peak pressure or in
neonatal ventilation, the default control setting for Inspiratory Pressure on your ventilator.
Verify that the High Ppeak alarm activates. Return the alarm setting to its default value and
clear the alarm by pressing the reset button.
14.
14.Set the Low Ve alarm setting to a value above the measured Ve on your ventilator. Verify
that the Low Ve alarm activates. Return the alarm setting to its default value and clear the
alarm by pressing the reset button.
15.
15.Set the High Ve alarm setting to a value below the measured Ve on your ventilator. Verify
that the High Ve alarm activates. Return the alarm setting to its default value and clear the
alarm by pressing the reset button.
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
16.
Set the High Vt alarm setting to a value below the set Vt on your ventilator. Verify that the High
Vt alarm activates. Return the alarm setting to its default value and clear the alarm by pressing
the reset button.
17.
Set the Low Vt alarm setting to a value above the set Vt on your ventilator. Verify that the Low
Vt alarm activates. Return the alarm setting to its default value and clear the alarm by pressing
the reset button.
18.
Set the number of consecutive breaths with an exhaled tidal volume below the Low Vte Alarm
setting which are required to sound the alarm. Verify that this set number of breaths is at Low
Vte prior to alarm sounding. Default is 3 breaths.
19.
Set the High Rate alarm to a value below the default control setting for rate on your ventilator.
Verify that the alarm activates. Return the alarm to its default setting and clear the alarm by
pressing the reset button.
20.
Verification of Circuit Disconnect Alarm. Add a proximal (wye) flow sensor to an infant or
pediatric patient set-up. Create a leak. When the Percent Leak ((Vti-Vte)/Vti) becomes 95%
or greater for three consecutive breaths, the alarm should sound. Without a proximal flow
sensor, the threshold becomes 90% leak.
21.
Verification of Circuit Occlusion Alarm: This alarm occurs due to excessive resistance in the
patient circuit. The Circuit Occlusion Alarm will sound if the inspiratory pressure exceeds the
expiratory pressure by greater than 6 cmH2O for more than 200 msec. This may be tested by
creating increased resistance on either limb of the patient circuit. Note: During adult
applications, the alarm is suspended during the first 150msec of exhalation.
NOTE
Repeat steps 11 through 21 in Pediatric Mode with a pediatric circuit and Siemens or Manley
test lung.
Repeat steps 11 through 21 in Infant Mode with an infant circuit and an Ingmar or other
suitable infant test lung.
CAUTION
Although failure of any of the above tests will not prevent the ventilator from functioning, it should be
checked to make sure it is operating correctly before use on a patient.
Tidal Volume Accuracy Verification
Volume Definitions
V del: V del is the total volume delivered by the machine. This value will be greater than the VT i if
tubing compliance is set. It is measured by the inspiratory flow sensor inside the ventilator.
VT i: Inspired tidal volume. VT i is measured by the Inspiratory flow sensor inside the ventilator and
reflects the volume without compensating for tubing compliance.
VT e: Exhaled tidal volume. Exhaled volume readings are measured by the expiratory flow sensor.
This reading may be affected by the humidifier setting.
VT set: The tidal volume set by the clinician.
L1524
5-9
Service Manual
Testing Guidelines
Use default parameters for each patient size group; adult, pediatric and infant
Refer to table 5.1: Test Setup Requirements and 5.2: Ventilation Setup
Primary Control VT defaults are as follows:
Adult 500 ml.
Pediatric 100 ml.
Change Neonate to Volume A/C and enter a VT of 20 ml.
Use appropriate circuit and test lung for each patient group. It is suggested that when performing VT
verification in adult and pediatric ranges, a Manley test lung is used. When using a Seimens test lung,
the test is to be performed without the proximal sensor.
Ensure that circuit compliance, artificial airway compensation, leak compensation and humifier are off.
Select ATPD Flow Correction
Do not use a flow sensor.
Accuracy of displayed exhaled volume is + or – 0.2 ml. plus 10% of set VT.
Table 5-7 VT Tolerance Ranges
VT SET
VT EXHALED
1000
900 to 1100 ml. +/- 0.2 ml.
500
450 to 550 ml. +/- 0.2 ml.
100
90 to 110 ml. +/- 0.2 ml.
20
18 to 22 ml. +/- 0.2 ml.
Return Flow Correction to BTPS upon completion of testing.
User Interface Module (UIM) Verification
Membrane Switch Tests
These tests verify the functioning of the membrane buttons surrounding the touch screen:
5-10
1.
Alarm Silence (LED) - Disconnect the test lung from patient circuit. An audible alarm sounds.
Press the Alarm Silence button and verify that the audible portion of the alarm is disabled for 2
minutes (± 1 second)or until the Alarm Silence button is pressed again.
2.
Alarm Reset - Reconnect the test lung to the patient circuit. The alarm message should turn
yellow. Press the Reset button to cancel the visual alarm message.
3.
Alarm Limits - Press the Alarm Limits screen button. Press the button again to toggle the screen
on and off.
4.
Manual Breath - Press this button during the expiration phase of a breath. Verify that the
ventilator delivers a single mandatory breath at current ventilator settings.
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
5.
Suction (LED) - Press the Suction button, both Suction and ↑ %O2 LEDs should Illuminate, also
LOSS, O2 appears on the screen in the alarm window. Press Suction again, both Suction and
↑ %O2 LEDs should disappear, press Reset to clear visual alarm.
6.
Increase O2 - Press the Increase O2 button (↑ %O2 ) Verify that the LED Illuminates, The LOSS
O2 alarm activates. Press the button again and verify that the LED turns off. Press RESET to
clear the visual alarm.
7.
Accept - Change any parameters, press accept and verify the new setting is entered.
8.
Cancel - Change any parameters, press Cancel ensure new setting is canceled.
9.
Expiratory Hold - Press the Expiratory Hold button. The pressure waveform should display as a
flat line for about 20 seconds in Adult and Pediatric Patient modes.
10.
Inspiratory Hold - Allow to cycle then press this soft key & it will plateau at the top of the
inspiratory cycle in the adult and pediatric patient modes.
11.
Nebulizer - Connect wall air to unit 20 to 80 psi. Press the Nebulizer button, verify that
nebulization is synchronized with breath rate. You will feel air coming out of the nebulizer fitting.
Lower peak flow < 14L/min and “neb not available” should appear.
12.
Mode - Press the Mode button. Verify that the Mode sub screen appears.
13.
Patient Size - Select a Patient size from the menu. Ensure the correct LED is displayed for the
patient size currently selected. Change patient size to Pediatric and then to Neonate. Verify
correct LED display for each one.
14.
Panel Lock - Press the Lock button and verify no access to screen functions. The manual
breath, suction, increase O2 and alarm silence buttons are functional during panel lock.
15.
Set-up - Press the Setup button and verify that the Setup screens appears. Press Size Accept,
Press Set up Accept.
16.
Advanced Settings - Press the Advanced Settings screen button. Toggle the screen on & off.
Verify that the screen responds correctly.
17.
Event - Press Events and verify the sub screen appears, press again to check that the Main
screen reappears.
18.
Freeze - Press the Freeze button. All graphics screen update should cease, the wave forms
freeze. Measurement bar appears. Press again and ensure normal refresh of the waveform
sweep continues in the Main screen.
22.
L1524
Screens and Main buttons - Press the Screens button and the Screen Select screen should
appear. Press Monitor, the Monitor screen should display. Press Main and the screen should
go back to Main screen.
5-11
Service Manual
AVEA Assembly and Operational Verification Test
Checklist
This is a checklist ONLY. Please refer to detailed Installation, Assembly and OVP Instructions.
Unit Serial Number: _____________UIM SerialNumber: ____________
Hours____________Software Revision____________Other_________________
If any parts are missing contact VIASYS AVEA Customer Service at 800-325-0082 or 760-883-7185.
Field replacement and test of the AVEA Compressor
Assembly
Refer to this chapter for disassembly of the User Interface Module (UIM) and top
cover. Follow the instructions given in Chapter 4 to remove and replace the
compressor assembly. Re-assemble the AVEA and test using this procedure.
The compressor sub-system on the AVEA includes a Compressor PC Board and the
Compressor. The sub-assembly is tested and calibrated at the factory and designed
to be field installed in the AVEA ventilator. This procedure verifies that the test
ventilator delivers the expected minute ventilation when the compressor is supplying
air to the ventilator (40 L/min). It also verifies that the compressor activates upon loss
of the wall air supply and de-activates when that supply is restored.
Equipment Required
•
•AVEA Ventilator (Test ventilator)
•
•Adult Patient Circuit
•
•Adult Test Lung – Manley or Siemens recommended
•
•Regulated Air Supply - Range > 30 psig
Note
All equipment is as stated or equivalent .
5-12
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Compressor Check
1. Ensure a regulated wall air supply is on prior to start of test.
2. Attach an adult patient circuit and test lung to the test ventilator.
3. Turn on the ventilator and leave on adult default parameters.
4. Turn off the wall air supply.
5. Verify that the compressor activates at approximately 18-20 PSI.
6. Verify that the “scroll” symbol is displayed in the bottom right corner of the UIM.
7. Verify ventilator continues to ventilate and no alarms are activated.
8. Allow ventilator to continue to cycle using the compressor for approximately two minutes.
9. Disconnect the expiratory limb of circuit. Verify High Priority alarms activate..
10. Reconnect circuit and test lung.
11. Change the following ventilator settings:
Control
Setting
Tidal Volume (Vt)
2.0L,
Rate
19 bpm,
Peak Flow
150 L/MIN.
12. Change the scale on Flow waveform graphic display to 300 L/min.
13. Press the Freeze button.
14. Verify the flow at the end of inspiration is 135 L/min . or greater..
15. Re-connect wall air supply.
16. Verify compressor shuts off and ventilation continues uninterrupted using the wall air supply.
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Service Manual
Setup
Primary Controls
Table 5-8 Test Ventilator: (AVEA Ventilator)
Patient Size
Adult
ET Tube Diameter
7.5 mm
ET Tube Length
30 cm
Automatic Tube Compensation
(ATC)
Leak Compensation
Off
Circuit Compliance Compensation
(Circ Comp)
0.0 mL/cmH2O
Humidification
Off
Ideal Body Weight
1 Kg
Barometric Pressure
Accurate/current reading
Breath Type/Mode
Volume A/C
Breath Rate (Rate)
15
Off
BPM
5-14
Tidal Volume (Volume)
0.50 L
Peak Flow
45 L/MIN
Inspiratory Pause (Insp Pause)
0.00 second
Inspiratory Time (I-Time)
---
PSV
---
PEEP
0 cmH2O
Inspiratory Flow Trigger (Flow Trig)
20.0 L/MIN
% O2
21 %
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Advanced Controls
Alarm Settings
Auxiliary Controls
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Vsync
0 (Off)
Vsync Rise
---
Sigh
0 (Off)
Waveform
Square
Bias Flow
2.0 L/MIN
Inspiratory Pressure Trigger (Pres
Trig)
PSV Rise
20.0 cmH2O
---
PSV Cycle
---
PSV Tmax
---
Machine Volume (Mach Vol)
---
Volume Limit (Vol Limit)
---
Inspiratory Rise (Insp Rise)
---
Flow Cycle
---
High Rate
200 BPM
High Tidal Volume (High Vt)
3.00 L
Low Exhaled Minute Volume (Low
Ve)
High Exhaled Minute Volume (High
Ve)
Low Inspiratory Pressure (Low
PPEAK)
High Inspiratory Pressure (High
PPEAK)
Low PEEP
0 (Off)
Apnea Interval
20 seconds
Manual Breath
---
Suction
---
ª %O2
Not enabled
Nebulizer
Not enabled
Inspiratory Hold (Insp Hold)
---
Expiratory Hold (Exp Hold)
---
Air Supply Pressure
> 30 psig
O2 Supply Pressure
> 30 psig
AC Line Voltage
115 ± 10 VAC
30.00 L/MIN
3 cmH2O
50 cmH2O
0 cmH2O
5-15
Service Manual
Checkout Sheet – AVEA Compressor Replacement
Date: _______________ Hours: __________
Old Compressor S/N: ____________ New Compressor S/N: ________________
AVEA Ventilator S/N: _____________ UIM Serial Number: __________________
TEST
PASS FAIL
Compressor Activates when wall air is turned off
Scroll symbol displays when compressor activates
Ventilator continues to cycle and no alarms initiate when
wall air is turned off
Circuit Disconnect and High Priority alarms initiate when
circuit is disconnected
End inspiration flow reading is 135 L/min or greater
Compressor shuts off when wall air is turned on and
ventilation continues uninterrupted
I here by certify that the product with the above Serial Number has passed all operational specification
and is certified for clinical use (The unit must be signed off before returning to clinical use.)
Signature: _________________________________ Date: _______________
Please complete this check sheet and FAX to VIASYS Technical Support at
(714) 283-8471.
5-16
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Power Indicators and Charging Verification.
Power the unit up. Verify the Power On indicator is lit. It
will be green.
Ensure that when the unit is connected to AC Power the
AC indicator is lit. It will be green.
If the unit is equipped with an external battery, check
and verify the external battery charging and status
indicators.
Check the internal battery (standard feature) charging
and status indicators.
The charging status indicators are:
Green: (80% or more charge remaining for external
battery, 90% or more charge remaining for the internal
battery).
Yellow: (Less than 80% for external battery, less than
90% for the internal battery)
Red: (Less than 40% for external battery, less than 30%
for the internal battery)
Proceed with the rest of the O.V.P testing.
Battery Run Procedure
Figure 5.5
1.
Plug unit in, turn power on and adjust settings as follows:
a. Mode: Pediatric, Volume A/C
b. Settings: 40 BPM, Volume 200ml, Peak Flow 30 L/min, PEEP 5cmH2O, Flow Trigger 20
L/min, and FIO2 21%.
c.
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Advanced Settings: Vsync off, Waveform Square, Bias Flow 3 L/min, and Pressure
Trigger 20cmH2O.
2.
Verify that the Power Indicator “EXT” is illuminated and the Power Status is on AC (~).
3.
Verify battery indicator LED’s function and progressively charge from Red to Yellow to Green.
4.
Disconnect A/C power to verify external batteries. The Power status indicator “EXT” should be
illuminated indicating that ventilator is running on the external batteries.
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Service Manual
5.
Verify internal batteries. Disconnect external batteries. Verify that the power status indicator “INT”
is illuminated and the unit continues to run without interruption. Verify that the “on screen” battery
indicator is displayed.
6.
Turn unit off.
Air/Oxygen Inlet Pressure Verification.
Note
All gases used for testing the AVEA should be verified clean medical grade gas sources. The ventilator should be
operating in Adult patient mode with all settings at defaults.
1.
Apply a regulated 50 PSI medical air source to the AVEA Air Inlet on the
rear panel of the ventilator.
2.
Apply regulated 50 PSI medical O2 Source to the O2 Inlet. (Verify the Air
and O2 Inlet monitors read 50 PSI (+/- 3 PSIG). You can check this by
scrolling to the air inlet and O2 inlet monitored parameter displays on the
left of the Main screen
or by pressing the screens button, selecting the
Monitor screen and scrolling to the air inlet and O2 inlet
parameters and Accept.
Figure 5.6
3.
Lower the air inlet pressure gage to 18 psi. The compressor should turn on in a unit with
compressor. In a unit with no compressor, the Low Air alarm should activate.
Figure 5.7
5-18
4.
Change the O2 percentage to 60%.
5.
Lower the O2 inlet pressure gage to 18 psi. The Low O2 alarm should activate.
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Breath Rate Verification.
Note
Make sure the ventilator is set to Adult size and default settings.
1.
Allow the ventilator to cycle and using a stopwatch, count the cycles and ensure the breath rate
matches the Rate setting of the AVEA.
2.
Verify the following rates( +/- 2)
5 bpm
20 bpm
60 bpm
Blending Accuracy Verification.
Note
Make sure the ventilator is set to Adult size and default settings.
Record the readings from the external O2 Analyzer and the AVEA FIO2 (% O2) monitor/setting. Check
the FiO2 (% O2) readings per table below to compare set FIO2 to analyzed FIO2.
O2%
21%
30%
30%
60%
60%
90%
90%
100%
Tidal Volume
0.50L
0.10
0.50
0.10
0.50
0.10
0.50
0.50
Table 5.9: FiO2 Readings
Breath Rate
Peak Flow
25
30 L/min
50
30 L/min
25
30 L/min
50
30 L/min
25
100 L/min
50
30 L/min
25
30 L/min
25
30 L/min
% Tolerance
+/- 1%
+/- 3%
+/- 3%
+/- 3%
+/- 3%
+/- 3%
+/- 3%
+/- 3%
PEEP Verification
1.
Connect an Adult test lung and accept the default settings.
2.
Change the Rate to 4 bpm. Using the Paw (cmH2O) portion of the wave form screen, freeze
and measure baseline pressures at each of the following PEEP settings: (The tolerance is +/3.5 % of reading or +/- 2 cm.) Compare to digital monitored reading.
6 cm
20 cm
40 cm
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5-19
Service Manual
AVEA Assembly and Operational Verification Test
Checklist
This is a checklist ONLY. Please refer to detailed Installation, Assembly and OVP Instructions.
Unit Serial Number: _____________UIM SerialNumber: ____________
Hours____________Software Revision____________Other_________________
If any parts are missing contact VIASYS AVEA Customer Service at 1-800-231-2466.
ASSEMBLY
Stand Assembly
External Battery Installation
“E” Cylinder Bracket Assembly
Unpacking and Mounting the AvEA
Installation of Medical Gas Connector(s)
Exhalation Filter and Water Trap Assembly
TESTS
COMPLETED
PASS
FAIL
User Verification Tests (UVT)
POST Test
Extended Systems Test (EST)
Manual Alarms Testing
Adult
Pediatric
Infant
VT Accuracy Verification
UIM (User Interface Module) Membrane Switch Tests
Compressor Check
Power Indicators and Charging Verification
Battery Test: Battery Run Procedure
Air/Oxygen Inlet Pressure Verification
Breath Rate Verification
Blending Accuracy Verification
PEEP Verification
WARNING
Verification Testing should always be done off patient.
Checklist completed by___________________________
Signature_________________________Title____________________________
Facility_________________________________
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Service Manual
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Chapter 6
AVEA Software Upgrade
This document provides a brief overview of the procedure to upgrade ventilator software using the
RS232 serial port of the AVEA. The HyperTerminal utility available within the Windows environment is
used here as an example. Any suitable terminal emulation software would work as well.
Requirements:
ƒ
Computer with a serial port (COM1: or COM2:)
ƒ
Terminal Emulation Software (for example, HyperTerminal works well) configured for serial
connection 115Kb,8,N,1 flow control OFF (see instructions below)
ƒ
AVEA ventilator with Software Upgrade Utility Version 3.0 or higher installed.
ƒ
A Serial cable to connect the computer to the serial port of the ventilator.
(A straight-through cable with null modem adapter or null modem cable with gender changer
both work fine).
ƒ
New binary files for the ventilator: 63603X.bin (Monitor) and 63602X.bin (Control). “X"
indicates the revision of the released software in alphabetic characters e.g. "63603F" is
revision F.
Upgrading software to 3.3 or below:
o
AVEA ventilator with Software Upgrade Utility Version 1.0 or higher installed.
o
New binary files for the ventilator: 63603X.bin (Monitor) and 63602X.bin (Control).
Upgrading software to version 3.4 or above:
•
AVEA ventilator with Software Upgrade Utility Version 3.0 or higher installed.
•
Binary files for the ventilator target specific language groups.
o
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Group A (P/N 16402-X.bin (Control) and 16403-X.bin (Monitor):
•
English
•
Francais (French)
•
Deutsch (German)
•
Italiano (Italian)
•
Portugues (Portuguese)
•
Espanol (Spanish)
•
(Chinese)
•
Nederlands (Dutch)
6-1
Service Manual
Procedure:
1. Copy the files to the desktop
From a CD
With the CD inserted in the computer, copy the new software binary files(see requirements section) to
the computer hard drive as follows:
•
Double click on “My Computer”.
•
Double click on the CD ROM Drive to open the window & display the files.
•
Right click on each of the files displayed in turn and select Copy, then right click on the
computer desktop and select Paste.
•
The files should appear on the desktop.
Remove the CD ROM from the computer drive.
From an e-mail attachment
•
Right click on the e-mail attachment. From the pop-up dialog box select Save As.
•
Browse to your desktop and click Save.
•
The files should appear on the desktop.
2. Connect the AVEA
Connect the serial cable to the computer COM port selected for use (usually Com1 or Com2). Connect
the other end to the ventilator serial port 1 shown here.
Serial port #1
3. Open terminal emulation software (HyperTerminal is used
here)
NOTE: Be aware that the version information and possibly the binary file name may be different for
your situation.
From your desktop, click on the START button at the lower left of the screen.
From the pop-up menu, select Programs, then Accessories, then Communications.When the
Communications pop-up appears, click on Hyper Terminal.
6-2
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Double-click the HyperTerminal icon inside the HyperTerminal folder.
The HyperTerminal window opens in the New Connection window.
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6-3
Service Manual
Type AVEA into the Name bar and click OK.
The Connectivity window opens
In the Connect Using bar, type Direct to Com1 (or Com2 if that is your computer connection).
The Port Settings window opens
6-4
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
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6-5
Service Manual
Enter the following values:
•
Bits per second = 115200
•
Data bits = 8
•
Parity = None
•
Stop bits = 1
•
Flow control = None
Click OK
The AVEA HyperTerminal window opens.
6-6
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
4. Power up the AVEA
Hold down Expiratory Hold key on the front membrane panel of the AVEA during the ventilator powerup sequence until the front panel LEDs light up.
When the LEDs turn off, the Upgrade Utility banner should appear in the terminal software
(HyperTerminal) window.
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6-7
Service Manual
The connection is established and ready to transfer the new software.
Type DC at the command prompt > and press ENTER to start the download for the Ventilator Control
software.
From the Transfer menu, select Send File
Ensure the protocol is set to “1K XMODEM”.
Click Browse and navigate to the desktop where you saved the binary files.
Select the Control file to transfer (e.g. 63568X, bin) and click Send.
6-8
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
The file will begin transferring and should be monitored on the display
A confirmation will be displayed in the terminal window when the file has successfully transferred.
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6-9
Service Manual
Repeat the process by typing DM at the command prompt and pressing RETURN to start the download
for the Ventilator Monitoring software.
Select the SendFile command from the Transfer menu
Ensure the protocol is set to “1K XMODEM”.
Select the Monitor file (e.g. 635X.bin) as the file to send for the monitor program.
When the transfer is complete, power-down the ventilator and disconnect from PC.
The upgrade is complete.
Checks
When you turn the Ventilator Back “ON“ the Power On Self Tests (POST) will be performed
automatically as detailed in the Operator’s Manual.
When the MAIN screen displays, you will see the new version displayed on the bottom of the
Touch Screen.
Confirm active waveforms are displayed on the MAIN screen.
Complete the checklist for this procedure and return or FAX to:
VIASYS Respiratory Care Division
Technical Support
22745 Savi Ranch Parkway
Yorba Linda, CA 92887
USA
FAX: 1-714-283-8471
IMPORTANT:
The User Verification Tests (i.e. The EST and Manual Alarms Checks) detailed in the
operator’s manual, should be performed prior to patient connection.
6-10
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Software Install Verification AVEA Ventilators
Date:__________________ Model: Standard
Plus
Comprehensive
UIM Serial # ________________ Ventilator Serial # _________________
Prior Software Version (from MAIN screen) _________________
New Software version _________________
Installation Verification
Monitor processor __________* verified
Control processor __________ * verified
* Insert version indicated by device
Confirmation checks
Ventilator power up and POST
New software version displayed
Waveforms on MAIN screen
Unit is VENT INOP
Signature: _______________________________ Date:________________
Title: ___________________________________
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6-11
Service Manual
Verification and Calibration
1. Once the software has been loaded turn unit OFF.
2. Remove download cable, turn unit ON and verify the following.
A. The standard AVEA alarm sound during normal power up.
B. That the version as labeled on the CD briefly flashes on the bottom of the UIM.
C. The RED vent inop indication appears in the upper right hand of the UIM.
D. Warning Default Screen appears, Press Continue.
E. Patient select screen appears, Press Patient Accept icon.
3. Turn the unit OFF.
4. Power up the unit while holding the set up button.
5. Verify the following.
A. The current version of software briefly flashes on the bottom of the UIM.
B. The SERVICE FUNCTION screen appears.
C. The vent inop alarm appears in YELLOW.
D. Pressing the ALARM RESET clears the YELLOW vent inop and is replaced by the solid
GREEN bar.
6. Press the OVP icon and verify the following:
A. OVP screen appears
B. All alarms are silenced
7. Perform screen calibration (see page7-1_)
Test and Access of the Security System
Note:
The passwords for the calibration, mfg. setup and model number are all based on the serial number of the unit as it
is displayed in the service screen. If the serial number of the device is incorrectly stored in memory then the
password to change the serial must be acquired from a Viasys Technical Support Specialist.
1. Access the SERVICE FUNCTION screen as described above and verify the following
A. Press the MFG SETUP icon
B. Verify that the serial number as displayed matches the serial number on the back of the unit.
C.
6-12
If the correct serial number is not displayed, note the serial number displayed. Press the
“Main” button on the UIM and note Hours Run. This information will be needed to change the
serial number of the unit.
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
2. Contact VIASYS Technical Support for Security Codes
A. Dial (800) 328-4139. Follow prompts.
B. Give the following details to the Technical Support Person
1. The facility Name.
2. The S/N of the Unit and UIM.
3. The current Configuration of the unit (HELIOX, COMPRESSOR, Pes receptacle,
etc).
3. Enter the MFG. SETUP Screen and enter the PASSWORD. Verify and perform the following:
A. That the MANUFACTURING SETUP screen appears.
B. That the MODEL NUMBER reads INVALID.
C. Press the MODEL NUMBER window.
D. Enter Model Number PASSWORD and ensure the MODEL NUMBER window now indicates
the configuration of the unit.
E. SERIAL NUMBER matches serial tag on pneumatic module. If the serial number does not
match contact a Viasys Technical Support Specialist.
F. Select each PCB icons and reenter all previously recorded information; REVISION, PART#,
LOT # and MFG DATE if available.
Note:
If the PCB INIT information is missing it should be re-entered at this time. Refer to the PCB INIT that you previously
recorded prior to installing the Software.
Note:
If the unit is equipped with the EPM PCBA then it must be initializes at this time. To initialize press the EPM icon,
press the rectangular white REVISION box and enter the letter A. Press the Month, Day and Year icons entering
the current date. (Today’s date) Press ACCEPT in the PCB INIT window..
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6-13
Service Manual
Note:
All Verification and Calibration procedures must be completed using wall gas supplies. Do not utilize the internal
compressor for this procedure.
1. At the MFG SETUP screen press EXIT
2. On the Service Functions screen, press CALIBRATE, enter the PASSWORD, and press
ACCEPT.
Note:
During this procedure you will need to either verify or calibrate the PRESSURE TRANSDUCERS. Ensure all proper
test fixture and test devices are available. Each step must be followed to ensure proper verification and/or
calibration.
6-14
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
3. Press the INSP PRES icon and verify that the stored and A/D information is in the thousands
range (EXAMPLE) A/D 2000, Stored: 1500, 2000, 2900 and the message INVALID
CALIBRATION does not appear.
Note:
If INVALID CALIBRATION does appear then calibration of the transducer is required.
4. Press EXIT and then Press ESOPH PRES.
5. Verify that the unit is equipped with the Pes receptacle on the front of the unit.
If it does not, ignore the INVALID CALIBRATION message; otherwise
calibration is required.
6. Press EXIT and perform this procedure for the remaining transducers.
Note:
If calibration is required it should be completed at this point. Refer to the Transducer calibration steps.
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6-15
Service Manual
6-16
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Service Manual
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Chapter 7
Calibration
Note
Service screens should be accessed without engineering direction.
Prior to calibration, warm the unit for 30 minutes.
It is important to note that the Screen Calibration MUST be performed any time the instrument’s device
configuration is changed, new software is installed or if the flash memory is erased.
SHOULD THE ERASE FLASH BUTTON BE PRESSED, THE INSTRUMENT MUST BE TURNED OFF AND
RESTARTED IN THE SERVICE FUNCTION MODE BEFORE RECALIBRATING THE SCREEN. Failure to follow
these steps will prevent the instrument from storing the screen calibration.
The screen calibration will be lost under the following circumstances:
•
Erasure of the flash memory
•
Installation of new software
•
Device configuration change
Screen Calibration Procedure
WARNING
Service functions should always be done off patient.
Equipment Needed
PDA Stylus or similar dull pointed instrument.
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7-1
Service Manual
Procedure
Upload ventilator with software Version 3.0
or greater.
Plug the AVEA under test into a suitable AC power source and
depress the setup key while powering up the unit.
Select OVP in the Service Functions screen (fig1).
Figure 7-1
Service Functions Screen
Select Touch Screen Calibration button and follow the instructions
on the screen. You will be prompted to touch points on the upper
left, lower right, and middle of the touch screen with the stylus (see
figures 3A-C). using a stylus touch on or slightly next to each of
these points until prompted to go to the next. DO NOT USE YOUR
FINGER FOR THIS PROCEDURE. The screen will automatically
go back to OVP when complete.
To insure greatest touch screen accuracy, always perform the
calibration procedure twice.
Figure 7-2
Figure 7-3
7-2
OVP Screen
Upper Left Touch Point
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Figure 7-4
Figure 7-5
Lower Right Touch Point
Center Touch Point
Power on unit and perform the Manual Alarms Testing section of the AVEA OVP (L2274) to insure
accuracy. TO VERIFY SCREEN CALIBRATION, REPEAT THE CALIBRATION PROCEDURE.
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7-3
Service Manual
Transducer Calibration
AVEA calibration tool kit P/N 03440 contains the equipment required for calibration, maintenance and software
downloads.
The millivolt output of pressure transducers are amplified and conditioned prior to being fed to the Analog to
Digital Converter (ADC). On the AVEA ventilator, ADC counts are displayed when the ventilator is in the
pressure calibration mode. The specific value of the ADC counts are not of significance since they are specific
to each pressure transducer and will vary with each manufacturer and production lot. Of more significance is
that the ventilator and reference/test instruments have been allowed to come to operational temperature
(approximately ½ hour) prior to calibration. This will yield the most accurate calibration.
All Pressure Transducers within the AVEA ventilator have been designed with conditioning circuitry that has the
proper offset and gains to allow temperature & time drift of characteristics within the specified operating life of
the ventilator. In addition, using software to calculate pressure transducers coefficients at the required
calibration intervals, compensates for the drift effects over the life of the ventilator.
If the ventilator is operating within the published specifications and no error codes are being generated, the
specific A/D counts for particular pressure transducers are not of significance.
Equipment Required
The following list of parts & tools is recommended for calibrating the AVEA.
Part Number
7-4
Description
Quantity
3001083
Catheter assy (8F)
1
51000-40094
Adult wye flow sensor (Vari-Flex, disposable)
2
51000-40096
Connector, AUX port
1
52000-01193
Tube ftg, Tee 1/16 x 1/18 x 1/18 dia
3
32040
Tube ftg 1/8 to 1/16 dia reducer
2
32067
Tube ftg, tee 1/16 x 1/16 x 1/8 dia
1
52000-01205
Luer lock, male 1/16 dia
1
33980
Tubing, poly 12mm OD
1.50ft
52000-00133
Ftg, DISS, air, male ¼ NPT
1
32002
Ftg, fem R/A Elbow 12mm OD
1
52000-00132
Ftg, Oxygen, ¼ NPT x 9/16 male
2
51000-09558
Calibration syringe
1
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Calibration setup
The generic setup shown in figure 7.7 is recommended for calibrating the low-pressure ports of the
AVEA.
Calibration Syringe P/N 51000-09558
Tee fitting
Appropriate port adapter or fitting
To calibration port. The type
of connection depends on
the port connectivity.
To Pressure Manometer.
Figure 7-6
Figure 7-7
Calibration setup #1 for low-pressure gases
Note
Before using any test equipment [electronic or pneumatic] for calibration procedures, the accuracy of the
instruments must be verified by a testing laboratory. The laboratory master test instruments must be
traceable to the NIST (National Institute of Standards Technology) or equivalent. When variances exist
between the indicated and actual values, the calibration curves [provided for each instrument by the
testing laboratory] must be used to establish the actual correct values. This certification procedure
should be performed at least once every six months. More frequent certification may be required based
on usage.
Accessing the Calibration Screen
To access the calibration:
1. When the Service Functions screen appears (see figure
7.8), press Calibrate.
2. The Calibration menu screen will appear (see figure
7.9).
Figure 7-8
L1524
Service Functions Screen
7-5
Service Manual
Figure 7-9
7-6
Calibration Menu Screen
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Inspiratory Pressure Calibration
NOTE: Pictorial depictions of screens are for example ONLY and do not represent actual
numbers/counts required during calibration.
1. From the Calibration screen menu, press INSP PRES to access the inspiratory pressure
transducer calibration screen. See figure 7.10
Figure 7-10
Inspiratory pressure transducer calibration screen
2. Disconnect the Luer fitting and tube
from port E4 on the gas delivery
engine. See figure 7.11. and tubing
diagram in appendix B.
E4
Figure 7-11
Port
3. With NOTHING attached to the port, press the Zero (0) calibration button on the touch screen.
4. Attach the calibration assembly shown here to port E4 on the gas delivery engine. To do this
attach a length of tube with the appropriate Luer fitting to the Luer receptacle at E4 and
connect to the calibration assembly setup using a barbed “T” fitting.
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7-7
Service Manual
5. Using the calibration syringe P/N 51000-09558; slowly apply negative pressure to the port at
E4. (Turn counter clockwise for negative pressure).
6. Refer to the reading on the calibrated Pressure Manometer (model RT200 made by Time
Meter, recommended). When the correct reading of – 40 cmsH2O is obtained, press the
corresponding calibration button on the touch screen.
7. For positive pressure calibration, turn the syringe handle clockwise until the reading matches
the 75 cmH2O number on the touch screen then press the corresponding button.
8. Press EXIT to exit.
9. Disconnect calibration set-up from E4.
10. Reconnect the Luer fitting and tube into port E4 on gas delivery engine.
To port E4
To calibration
syringe
To manometer
Figure 7-12
Figure 7.6
Esophageal Pressure Calibration
1. From the Calibration screen menu, press ESOPH PRES to access the esoph pressure transducer
calibration screen. See figure _____
2. With NOTHING attached to the port, press Zero (0) calibration icon on the touch screen.
3. Attach the calibration assembly to the esoph port on the front of the unit.
4. Using the calibration syringe P/N 51000-09558, slowly apply negative pressure to –40 cmH20 (turn counterclockwise for negative pressure).
5. Refer to the reading on the calibrated pressure manometer ( RT-200). When the correct reading of –40
cmH2O is obtained, press the corresponding icon.
6. For positive pressure, turn the syringe handle clock-wise until a reading of 75 cmH2O is obtained, press the
corresponding icon.
7. Press EXIT.
7-8
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Figure 7-13
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7-9
Service Manual
Wye Flow Sensor
1. From the Calibration Screen, press WYE FLOW to access the Wye Flow sensor calibration
screen. See figure 7.14.
2. With no sensor attached, press the zero (0 cmH2O) button for a zero calibration value.
Blue Tubing
Clear Tubing
To calibration
syringe
To manometer
Figure 7-14
Wye flow sensor calibration screen
3. Attach the 51000-40094-sensor connector to the AVEA. Attach the blue tube only of the Wye
flow sensor to the basic calibration tubing assembly using a barbed fitting. Leave the clear
tube unattached as shown here
4. Turn the calibration syringe slowly counter clockwise for a negative pressure of only 4cmsH2O for the negative calibration value and plus 4 cmH2O for the positive value. Press
the appropriate touch screen button when each value is reached to capture and store the
value.
5. Exit Wye Flow Sensor screen.
7-10
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
WARNING
DO NOT APPLY MORE THAN 10cmH2O TO THIS PORT. Excessive pressure will damage
the AVEA. If this occurs immediately contact Technical Support for instructions.
Expiratory Pressure
1. From the Calibration Screen, press
EXP PRES to access the calibration
screen. See figure 7.15.
2. Remove internal expiratory flow
sensor.
3. With no sensor attached, press the
zero (0 cmH2O) button for a zero
calibration value.
Figure 7-15
Expiratory Pressure calibration screen
4. From the Calibration screen menu, press AUX PRES to access the aux pressure transducer calibration
screen. See figure
5. With NOTHING attached to the port, press Zero (0) calibration icon on the touch screen.
6. Attach the calibration assembly to the aux port on the front of the unit.
7. Using the calibration syringe P/N 51000-09558, slowly apply negative pressure to –40 cmH20 (turn counterclockwise for negative pressure).
8. Refer to the reading on the calibrated pressure manometer (RT-200). When the correct reading of –40
cmH2O is obtained, press the corresponding icon.
9. For positive pressure, turn the syringe handle clock-wise until a reading of 75 cmH2O is obtained, press the
corresponding icon.
10. Press EXIT.
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Service Manual
Figure 7-16
11. Attach both tubes (blue & clear) of the Expiratory Sensor P/N 51000-40094 to the basic calibration tubing
assembly using a barbed “T” fitting as shown here.
Attach to expiratory
sensor connection
To pressure manometer
To calibration syringe
Figure 7-17
7-12
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
12. Connect the tubing assembly to the internal expiratory sensor port. See figure 7.18 for the sensor connector
location.
Figure 7-18
Expiratory Sensor connector location
CAUTION
The expiratory sensor connector has a locking sleeve. Be sure to fully retract the sleeve
before attempting to attach the connector. Failure to do so could damage the connector.
Retractable Locking
Sleeve
Figure 7-19
Expiratory Sensor Connector
13. Turn the calibration syringe slowly counter clockwise for a negative pressure of -40cmsH2O to establish the
negative calibration value and plus 75 cmH2O to establish the positive value. Press the appropriate touch
screen button when each value is reached to capture and store the calibration.
14. Press EXIT to exit
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Service Manual
Expiratory Flow
1. Press the EXP FLOW touch screen
button to access the screen, see
figure 7.20.
2. With nothing attached to the
ventilator, press the 0 cmH2O touch
screen button.
Figure 7-20
Expiratory Flow Calibration Screen
3. Using the same sensor connector and tubing setup as the wye flow calibration, carefully attach the
locking sleeved connector to the expiratory flow port as shown in figure 4.11.
4. Turning the calibration syringe clockwise, apply 4-cmH2O pos pressure and press the positive
pressure touch screen button.
WARNING
Apply NO MORE THAN 10 cmH2O to the port when calibrating this value. Doing so
could cause damage to the AVEA. If this occurs immediately contact Technical Support for
instructions.
5.
7-14
Press EXIT to exit.
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
O2 inlet pressure
1. Press O2 INLET PRES from the
Calibration screen to access the O2
Inlet pressure calibration screen.
2. With nothing attached to the
instrument, press the 0 psig touch
screen button.
Figure 7-21
O2 Inlet Pressure calibration screen
3. Use a calibrated 0-150 psi regulator and a wall or cylinder supply of medical oxygen.
3. Using a “Y” adapter (see figure 7.22), attach the “Y”
adapter shown here to the regulator. A
Figure 7-22
“Y” high pressure DISS 1290 adapter
4. Attach one arm of the tubing to the manometer
and connect the other (with the correct DISS
fitting) to the high pressure O2 inlet on the rear
of the instrument shown in figure 7.23.
Figure 7-23
O2 hose connection
5. Apply 40psig (2.76 bar) of pressure & press the corresponding touch screen button to calibrate.
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Service Manual
Air inlet Pressure
Press the AIR INLET PRES touch screen button
from the calibration screen to access the Air Inlet
Pressure calibration screen as shown in figure
7.24.
With nothing connected to the air/blended gas inlet
port on the rear of the ventilator, press the 0 psig
touch screen button.
Figure 7-24
Air Inlet Calibration screen
Connect, a wall or cylinder supply of medical grade air through a
calibrated 0-150 psi regulator and “Y” adapter P/N to a
manometer and to the high-pressure air/heliox inlet on the rear of
the ventilator.
Figure 7-25
“Y” adapter
Attach the air inlet smart connector to the port on the rear of the ventilator.
Figure 7-26
“Smart” Connector
Attach the hose from the calibrated regulator on the
medical grade air source to the smart connector port
and apply 40psi pressure per the in-line manometer.
When the correct reading is obtained, press the 40-psig
touch screen button on the Air Inlet calibration screen.
Figure 7-27
7-16
Attaching the smart connector
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Blended Gas Pressure
1.
Press the BLENDED GAS PRES
touch screen button from the
Calibration screen to access the
blended gas pressure calibration
screen.
2.
Cut cable tie. Remove metal hose
stabilizer.
3.
Disconnect compressor output hose.
Figure 7-28
Blended Gas Pressure Screen
4. Press 0 psig with nothing connected to the ventilator. Disconnect output tube from the accumulator
output to the blender manifold. See figure 7.29.
Disconnect tube
here.
To blender manifold
Accumulator
Figure 7-29
Port C2 connection
Connect accumulator
tubing here.
5. Attach special elbow assembly to the
accumulator output tubing. Attach also to a calibrated
0-150psi regulator connected to the high-pressure
gas source & to a manometer.
Air
Figure 7-30
L1524
Adapter for accumulator tubing.
7-17
Service Manual
5. Apply 9 psig from the regulator (connected to wall or bottled gas). When the correct reading is
obtained on the manometer, press the 9-psig touch screen button.
6. Reconnect and reassemble compressor output hose to blender manifold. Attach metal hose
stabilizer. Replace cable tie.
7. Press EXIT to exit.
Flow and Exhalation valve Characterization/Hysteresis
Test
NOTE: ALL CHARACTERIZATIONS MUST BE RUN ON 50PSI WALL AIR TO PASS TESTING.
Flow Valve Characterization Test
1. On completion of the transducer verification and calibration, press EXIT and return to the
SERVICE FUNCTION screen.
2. Connect a patient circuit and test lung.
3. Press the TUNING icon to access the SYSTEM TUNING screen.
4. After entering the password, select EXERCISE FCV icon.
5. Wait at least 10 minutes and then press the CANCEL icon.
6. Disconnect patient circuit and test lung.
7. Press CHARACTERIZE FCV icon and ensure that the message “FCV Characterization in
Process” appears in the lower area of the UIM.
8. This test will run for approximately 30 seconds. After the test, either of the following messages
will appear in the message bar in the lower part of the screen: “FCV Characterization Complete”
or “FCV Characterization Failed.”
Note:
If the message reads FCV Characterization Complete the test has passed successfully. If the message reads
failed, recharacterize the FCV will be required. After 3 failed attempts the GDE will require replacement. Contact the
Technical Services department and request a new GDE P/N 16222A. If the GDE is replaced all test and verification
to this point will need to be readdressed.
9. Once the FCV Characterization has passed Press Display FCV Data.
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
10. This data is for reference use only and indicate target flow and final flow determined by the software.
Press the continue icon.
Exhalation Valve Characterization Test
Note:
For the following test it is required that the complete filter cartridge with filter and jar are install into the unit. Connect
calibration tube P/N 10136 from the Inspiratory outlet to the Exhalation inlet.
1. From the SYSTEM TUNING screen Press the Characterization EXV icon.
2. Ensure that the message EXV Characterization in process appears in the lower area of the UIM.
3. This test will run for 3 -5 minutes and the lower area of the UIM will read EXV Characterization
complete or EXV Characterization failed.
Note:
If the message reads EXV Characterization Complete the test has passed successfully. If the message reads
failed recharacterize the EXV. After 3 failed attempts the Exhalation Valve will require replacement(P/N 16319).
Exhalation valve is included with this kit.
4. Once the EXV Characterization has passed Press Display EXV Data.
5. This data is for reference use only and indicate flow and Slope determined by the software. Press the
continue icon.
6. Press the EXIT icon.
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Service Manual
Hysteresis Test
Note:
For the following test the set up is as described in the Exhalation Valve Characterization procedure.
1. Press the OVP icon.
2. Press the EX VALVE TEST icon.
3. Press the CONTINUE icon
4. The test may run for up to 5 minutes.
5. The measured hysteresis must be between 1.5 cmH20 and 4.5 cmH20.
6. Repeat step 5, 3 times. The maximum variation from any reading shall be 0 .6 cmH2O
Note:
If the exhalation valve does not pass this test, it will require replacement.
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Exhalation Valve Leak Test
1. Turn the unit OFF.
2. Attach breathing circuit and test lung to unit.
3. Turn unit ON and verify the following:
A. Audible alarm sounds
B. SAFETY VALVE OPEN appears in the upper right of the UIM.
C. PATIENT SELECT screen appears.
4. Press PATIENT ACCEPT icon and verify the following
A. The unit begins to deliver breaths.
B. Alarm at the upper right goes to YELLOW.
C. CIRCUIT DISCONNECT appears.
5. Press ALARM RESET button.
6. Set the unit as follows:
A. Mode Volume A/C Adult
B. Breath Rate 4
C. PEEP 30
D. Volume at 0.50
E. Peak Flow at 20
F. Press ADV SETTINGS button
G. Press Flow Trigger
H. Set Bias Flow to .4
I.
Press ADV SETTINGS
7. Observe the PAW wave form and allow the unit to cycle several times. Ensure there is no auto cycle
8. Press the Freeze button and scroll cursor across the blue exhalation portion of the waveform. (Refer to
illustration below)
9. During the exhalation phase the PEEP level must be stable and +/- 0.1 cmH20 through out the
expiratory phase
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7-22
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Chapter 8
Preventive Maintenance
PM kit without compressor P/N 16137
PM kit with compressor P/N 16138
Routine Maintenance Procedures
The following parts are typically replaced on an annual basis:
•
Air inlet filter
•
Oxygen inlet filter
•
Compressor inlet filter (if applicable)
•
Compressor outlet filter (if applicable)
•
Exhalation Diaphragm
•
Fan filter
The following service procedures are recommended to be performed annually as well:
1. Remove and replace (items described above)
2. Check Compressor output if applicable
3. Verification testing to confirm the ventilator is functioning within optimum parameters.
4. Screen calibration
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Service Manual
Replacing the O2 and Air/Heliox filters.
You can access both these gas filters from the rear panel of the ventilator. See figure 8.1 below.
Air/Heliox filter cover
O2 filter cover
Figure 8.1 Rear panel
To remove the O2 & Air/Heliox filter covers, you will need tool number 21735 ,
Inlet Filter Driver available from Viasys Healthcare Technical Support .
Figure 8.2 Tool 21735
8-2
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Using tool number 21735, unscrew
the filter covers to expose the filters.
Figure 8.3 Removing the filter covers
Using needle nosed pliers, grasp the filter firmly and
pull straight out from the filter port.
Figure 8.4 Removing the filter
Replace the old filters with new ones (Balston P/N
050-05) taking care to seat the filter over the filter
retainer inside the port as you insert each one.
Figure 8.5 Replacing the filter
Align the filter retainer in the center inside the filter as you replace the
cover.
Figure 8.6 replacing the filter cover
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Service Manual
Replacing the Compressor Inlet & Outlet filters
33928/Filter
Teflon® tape
Vibra-Tite®
33929/Filter
Figure 8.7 Compressor and filters
Disassemble the ventilator as shown in Chapter 4 to access the Compressor filters.
Both the inlet and the outlet filters unscrew as complete assemblies for replacement. Use only the part
numbers shown above available from VIASYS Healthcare Critical Care division.
To replace Compressor Inlet Filter:
Apply Vibra-tite to threads of the Compressor Inlet Filter and allow to dry for at least 15 minutes. Install
the Compressor Inlet Filter onto the Compressor Scroll Housing.
To replace Compressor Outlet Filter:
Carefully clean tapered pipe threads of brass fittings. Re-apply Teflon tape to fittings, avoiding the first
end thread. Attach the Compressor Outlet Filter and secure fittings in the direction shown.
8-4
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Replacing the Exhalation Diaphragm P/N 16240
To replace the exhalation valve membrane, first remove the following:
ƒ
The UIM
ƒ
The top cover
ƒ
The exhalation filter/water trap assembly
ƒ
The exhalation assembly (corner) cover.
Once the top cover and the exhalation cover have been removed, the exhalation assembly should be
accessible (see figure 8.8)
Flow sensor
Rubber Elbow
Valve
Body
Tubing retainer
Sensor
connector with
locking cover
Figure 8.8 Exhalation assembly
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Service Manual
Unplug the sensor connector from the receptacle taking care to retract the locking shroud as you do so.
Loosen the tubing form the tubing retainer.
Grasp the rubber elbow and pull firmly out towards the front
of the AVEA. This will expose the flow sensor. Set the
rubber elbow aside.
Gently free the flow sensor from the exhalation valve body
and pull out towards the front of the AVEA. This will leave
the valve body in place.
To remove the valve body, press down on the lever shown
in figure 8.9, turn the valve body counter clockwise until the
fins of the locking mechanism release and pull out. This will
expose the membrane.
Figure 8.9 Disengage valve body
Figure 8.10 Membrane seated in the valve body.
To remove the membrane, grasp the nipple and gently pull
away from the valve body.
Figure 8.11 Removing the membrane
8-6
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Replace the membrane and press gently into the
valve body making sure that the edges are well
seated .
Figure 8.12 Seating the new membrane
Valve body cuff
Figure 8.13 Insert the flow sensor
Grasp the flow sensor by the smaller diameter orifice and insert into the cuff on the valve body.
Push the rubber elbow onto the smaller end of the flow
sensor taking care to align the groove on each side with
the corresponding rail of the molded holder.
When the elbow is correctly installed, the molded
protrusion on the top lines up with the protrusions on each
side of the holder.
Figure 8.14 Align rubber elbow.
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8-7
Service Manual
Reconnect the sensor and insert the two tubes into the tubing retainer.
Figure 8.15
Replace the exhalation assembly cover and top cover. Replace & reconnect the UIM.
Run OVP tests after any part replacement.
8-8
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Chapter 9
Troubleshooting
This section describes how to troubleshoot the ventilator if:
•
The ventilator does not turn on properly.
•
A Vent Inop occurs when you turn on the ventilator.
•
An Operational Verification Test fails.
•
A malfunction occurs.
If the Ventilator Does not Turn ON
If you turn the power switch ON and the ON indicator does not illuminate, perform the troubleshooting
procedures given in Table 5.1.
Table 9-1 Troubleshooting Power-Up Problems
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Ventilator plugged into an AC
source but does not power up.
No power at AC outlet or the AC
Line Voltage switch is set to the
wrong voltage. *
Ventilator attached to alternate
external DC power source but
does not power up.
If the external source is a battery,
the battery may not be charged. *
L1524
ACTION
Try connecting to a known good AC power
source. Insure that the voltage setting of the
ventilator matches the voltage of your power
source. Check the fuse assembly if the
ventilator still does not power up, Contact your
Bird Products Certified Service Technician. *
Plug the ventilator into a known good AC
source, or to a known good battery and see if
it powers up. *
9-1
Service Manual
If a Vent Inop alarm occurs.
Remove the ventilator from service and contact VIASYS Healthcare Technical Support.
You may be asked to check the error log. To do this, power up the ventilator with the SETUP key
depressed. When the SERVICE FUNCTIONS screen appears, press ERROR LOG. The following
screen appears listing all error codes chronologically with the latest occurring at the top.
Figure 9-1 Error log
If there is more than one page of error codes, you can scroll through them using the Data Dial. In this
way, you can print a page-by page record of the codes for reference or reporting purposes.
When you have captured this information, press the Exceptions key. The EXCEPTION LOG appears.
Figure 9-2 Exception Log
9-2
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
In the event of a fatal error, in either the Control or the Monitor processor, the date, time and address
will be recorded here. You can print this and/or record the information for reporting purposes.
When you have captured the Exception log information, press Exit. DO NOT press Clear at this
time, you may need to refer to this information again, or the factory technician may need to do
so if the unit is returned for repair.
List of Possible Error Codes
Note: “Error Codes” may appear with normal operation of the Avea
Abbreviations:
FTC: Fail-to-cycle
IFS: Inspiratory Flow Sensor
FCV: Flow Control Valve
EFS: Expiratory Flow Sensor
PT: Pressure Transducer
Sup: Supply
BG: Blended Gas
WFS: Wye Flow Sensor
HWFS: Hot Wire Flow Sensor
L1524
9-3
Service Manual
Messages:
Pneumatics Module FTC
Header Error, Compressor
Bad Header, BG PT
HSSC Comm Fault
Data Error, Compressor
Trend Data Lost
IFS Voltage Fault
Bad Cal, Compressor
Event Log Data Lost
TCA A/D Ref Fault
Invalid Feature, EPM
IFS A/D Ref Fault
Header Error, EPM
Compressor Runtime
Data Error
Compressor Rotor Locked
Data Error, EPM
Compressor Output Low
Bad Cal, WFS PT
FCV Overcurrent Fault
Bad Cal, Esoph PT
DPRAM Comm Error, Mntr
Bad Cal, Aux PT
DPRAM Comm Error, Ctrl
Bad Sensor Type, HWFS
Data Error, TCA
Header Error, HWFS
Bad Cal, EFS PT
Data Error, HWFS
Bad Cal, Insp PT
Bad ID, HWFS
Bad Cal, Exp PT
Bad Cal, HWFS
Data Error, Blender
Header Error, WFS
Bad Cal, Blender
Data Error, WFS
Data Error, Air Sup PT
Bad ID, WFS
Bad Cal, Air Sup PT
Bad Cal, WFS
Data Error, O2 Sup PT
Settings Lost
Bad Cal, O2 Sup PT
Config Lost
Data Error, BG PT
Insp Temperature Error
Bad Cal, BG PT
Exp Temperature Error
Device Not Found, IFS
Bad ID, Ctrl PCB
Header Error, IFS
Header Error, Ctrl PCB
Data Error, IFS
Bad ID, TCA
Bad ID, IFS
Header Error, TCA
Bad Cal, IFS
Bad ID, Power PCB
Device Not Found, EFS
Header Error, Power PCB
Header Error, EFS
Bad ID, Blender
Data Error, EFS
Header Error, Blender
Bad ID, EFS
Bad ID, Air Supply PT
Bad Cal, EFS
Header Error, Air Sup PT
Bad Cal, FCV
Bad ID, O2 Supply PT
Bad Model Number
Header Error, O2 Sup PT
Bad Cal, FiO2
Bad ID, BG PT
9-4
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Table 9.2: AVEA Mechanical Troubleshooting
! Remove ventilator from patient with any potential problem
! Check error log (and exceptions) with any "Device Error" message on screen
1. Battery/Power Supply
* Insure unit is plugged in between patient use.
* Refer to service manual for proper battery discharge/charging procedures.
* Check all cables/connections and voltages before
replacing parts..
Symptom
Unit will not power up
Problem
Solution(s)
Blown/incorrect/missing A/C
fuse(s)
Loose Internal Connection(s)
Bad Power Switch
Bad Power supply
Bad Power Driver PCB
UIM problem
Check/replace A/C fuses
No battery indication
(LED)
Excessively discharged battery
state
Blown/Missing batt fuse
Loose connections
Bad Battery PCB
Bad LED indicator panel
Bad battery
Transition Board fault
Charge properly-refer to service manual
Check/replace fuse
Check connections
Replace Battery PCB
Replace LED indicator panel
Check/replace battery
Replace Transition Board
Will not charge past
yellow
Charge properly-refer to service manual
Check connections
Excessively discharged battery
Replace Battery PCB
state
Check/replace battery
Loose connections
Replace Power Driver PCB (GDE)
Bad Battery PCB
Cycle battery pack by charging and
Bad battery
Bad Power Driver PCB
discharging three times.
Check all connections
Replace Power Switch
Replace Power supply
Replace Power Driver PCB (GDE)
Check UIM cable. Refer to "UIM/Control"
section
Decreased run time on
battery
Excessively discharged battery
(internal/external)
state
Loose connections
Bad Battery PCB
Bad battery
Bad Power Driver PCB
Charge properly-refer to service manual
Check connections
Replace Battery PCB
Check/replace battery
Replace Power Driver PCB (GDE)
Unit wont run on battery
Blown/missing battery fuse
(internal/external)
Loose connections
Bad battery
Check/replace fuse
Check connections
Check/replace battery
L1524
Cycle battery pack by charging and
discharging three times.
9-5
Service Manual
Symptom
Unit does not run on
A/C
Problem
Bad Power PCB
Solution(s)
Replace Power PCB (GDE)
Wiring disconnect
Defective Power Entry Module
Power supply is not recognizing
A/C
Check all connections-especially by
compressor
Replace Power Entry Module
Replace Power supply
Excessive battery heat Battery PCB improperly wired
(internal only)
Bad battery PCB
Bad thermal fuse
Bad battery
Check wiring
Replace Battery PCB
Check/replace battery
Check/replace battery
Flickering LED
Excessively discharged battery
state
Loose connections
Bad power driver PCB
Transition Board fault
Allow to charge-should self-resolve
Check connections
Replace power driver PCB (GDE)
Replace Transition board
Alarms when Unit is
"off"
Excessively discharged battery Allow to charge
State
Replace LED indicator panel
Bad LED indicator panel
LED red to green - no Can occur normally with ext
yellow (external battery battery charge
only)
Perform discharge/recharge cycle
External battery not
detected
Plug unit into A/C. Connect external
battery. Then, turn unit on.
System not detecting external
battery
2. Compressor
! All symptoms below assume NO wall air in use
* Compressor/Board must be replaced together on
older units
* Check all cables and
connector before
replacing parts.
No compressor function Standard unit - without
Option on AVEA 200
(and no indicator)
compressor
Check Air Calibration
Bad Air Calibration
Check Blended gas Calibration
Bad Blended Gas Calibration
Replace compressor PCB
Blown fuse on compressor PCB Replace compressor PCB
Bad compressor PCB
No compressor function Unit is reading air pressure with Blown Air Pressure Transducer. See
(indicator present)
none present.
Pneumatic troubleshooting
"Loss of gas" alarms
without O2 in use
9-6
Low compressor output
Compressor leak
Accumulator depletion
Check output - replace compressor if
necessary
Check tubing/connections
Check for excessive patient minute
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Symptom
Problem
Solution(s)
ventilation
"Loss of air" alarms with Low compressor output
O2 in use
Compressor leak
Accumulator depletion
Check output - replace compressor if
necessary
Check tubing/connections
Check for excessive patient minute
ventilation
Excessive compressor Incorrect mounting
noise/vibration
Defective/worn Vibration
dampeners
Insure mounting nuts are present and
tightened
Replace Vibration dampeners
3. EPM
! All symptoms below apply to WFS, Esoph and Aux - unless otherwise noted.
* Available in AVEA Comprehensive only
* Paux and Pesoph not
available in software
ver 2.7
Erroneous readings
from sensor
Bad Sensor
Change/Replace sensor
Transducer(s) out of calibration Recalibrate
Leak
Check all internal/external connections
No reading from sensor Bad sensor (cable/connector) Try different sensor
Specified transducer out of cal Check error log for specific transducer.
No communication from EPM Recalibrate
Check internal connections. Replace EPM
if needed
"Device Error" when
sensor connected
Bad sensor (cable/connector) Try different sensor
Specified transducer out of cal Check error log for specific transducer
No communication from EPM Recalibrate
Check internal connections. Replace EPM
if needed
4. Exhalation Valve/Assembly
Low measured exhaled Internal leak
volumes
External leak
Re-seat GDE
Check all circuit connections
Check filter assembly
Check/Replace exhalation diaphragm
Will not pass EST "leak Internal leak
test"
External leak
Re-seat GDE
Check all circuit connections
Check filter assembly
Check/Replace exhalation diaphragm
Valve noise
Diaphragm is out of position
Clean/re-seat diaphragm
Excessive expiratory
resistance
Moisture in Exhalation Filter
Clogged/Dirty Exhalation
diaphragm
Bypass filter and recheck. Replace if
necessary
Clean/replace diaphragm
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Service Manual
Symptom
Abnormal expiratory
waveforms
Problem
Bad expiratory valve
Solution(s)
Replace valve
5. Flow Sensors (inc. Wye)
* See TCA/PCB
troubleshooting for
additional information
Volumes become
inaccurate over time
Foreign material on flow sensor Clean/replace sensor as needed
Expiratory or Wye flow out of
Re-calibrate and recheck volumes
calibration-depending on
sensor used
No reading from
Sensor not active in certain
external variable orifice modes
sensor
Loose external connection/Bad
Sensor
See operators manual for correct
sensor/mode configurations
Check external connection/replace sensor
Check all cables/connections
See "EPM" troubleshooting section
Loose internal connection
Communications error
No reading from
Loose external connection/Bad Check external connection/replace sensor
internal variable orifice Sensor
Check all cables/connections
sensor
Loose internal connection
Replace TCA/PCB (GDE)
Communications error
No reading from
external heated wire
sensor
Sensor not active in certain
modes
See operators manual for correct
sensor/mode configurations
Loose external connection/Bad Check external connection/replace sensor
Sensor
Check all cables/connections
Replace TCA/PCB (GDE)
Loose internal connection
Communications error
Volume reading above Normal condition. Unit expects N/A
baseline on test lung
gas at BTPS, not ATPD
Volume reading
above/below baseline
on patient (internal
sensor)
Humidifier "Active on/off" set
"Active on" for humidifier, "Active off" for
incorrectly
HME
Bad Flow sensor
Check for correct zero with Wye sensor. If
Expiratory flow out of calibration Wye sensor zeros correctly, recalibrate
Bad pressure transducer
Expiratory flow and recheck. Replace
internal sensor if needed. If
Internal/external sensors both zero incorrect
after recal, bad pressure transducer-replace
(GDE)
6. Nebulization
System
Nebulizer output absent Unit running on compressor or
flow < 15 L/min
Bad Nebulizer Solenoid
Transition PCB- bad harness
connection
Problem on Power PCB
9-8
Connect wall air, increase flow (if
applicable)
Replace Solenoid
Replace Transition PCB (if solenoid doesn't
fix)*
Replace Power PCB (if solenoid doesn't
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Symptom
Problem
Solution(s)
fix)*
Nebulizer output
reduced/absent
Neb booster output low
Kinked tubing externally
Kinked tubing internally
Bad Neb Booster Solenoid
Adjust Neb booster output
Check/replace tubing to nebulizer
Check unit for kinks or disconnects
Replace Solenoid
* Check Voltage at Solenoid (both). Should be 12v/0v while running with cycling heard. If voltage
problem is seen - suspect problem at areas.
With "*"
7. O2 Sensor
"***" on Fi02 monitor
Fi02 reading out of upper or
lower range
Run EST with 50 psi oxygen source
connected.
Recalibrate/replace sensor
O2 reading inaccurate
O2 will not read
Fi02 sensor out of calibration
Blocked sensor orifice
Malfunctioning Blender
Assembly.
Run EST with 50 psi oxygen source
connected.
Bad 02 sensor
Bad 02 sensor cable
TCA board problem
Replace sensor
Replace sensor cable
Replace TCA board (GDE)
Recalibrate/replace sensor
Insure patentcy of orifice
Replace Blender Assy (GDE)
8. Pneumatic System
! Check error log (and exceptions) with any “Device Error” or “Inop” condition to diagnose
component.
Component
Air Pressure PCB
02 Pressure PCB
L1524
Symptom
Problem
Solution(s)
Vent Inop.
(communications failure)
Bad connections/cable
EPROM failure
Incorrect calibration
Check
connections/replace
cable
Replace Air PCBrecalibrate
Recalibrate
Incorrect pressure reading
Bad Transducer
Incorrect calibration
Replace Air PCBrecalibrate
Recalibrate
Vent Inop.
(communications failure)
Bad connections/cable
EPROM failure
Incorrect calibration
Check
connections/replace
cable
Replace 02 PCBrecalibrate
9-9
Service Manual
Component
Blended Gas PCB
Blender
Flow Control Valve
Inspiratory Flow
Sensor
Safety Relief Valve
9-10
Symptom
Problem
Solution(s)
Recalibrate
Incorrect pressure reading
Bad Transducer
Incorrect calibration
Replace 02 PCB
Recalibrate
Vent Inop.
(communications failure)
Bad connections/cable
EPROM failure
Incorrect calibration
Check
connections/replace
cable
Replace Blended
Gas PCB-recalibrate
Recalibrate
Incorrect pressure reading
Bad Transducer
Incorrect calibration
Replace Blended
Gas PCB-recalibrate
Recalibrate
Vent Inop.
Bad connections/cable
EPROM failure
Incorrect calibration
Check
connections/replace
cable
Replace Blender
(GDE)
Recalibrate
Fi02 Inaccuracy
Blender Assembly
Failure
Regulator Relay out of
balance
Leak
Replace Blender
(GDE)
Recalibrate
Regulator Relay
Check all pneumatic
connections
Inspiratory Noise
FCV out of
characterization
Defective FCV
Re-characterize
FCV *
Replace FCV (GDE)
Flow Abnormalities
FCV out of
characterization
Defective FCV
Re-characterize
FCV *
Replace FCV (GDE)
Autocycling
Leak at FCV/IFS
Bad IFS
Check all
connections
Replace IFS (GDE)
Incorrect delivery
Leak at FCV/IFS
Bad IFS
Check all
connections
Replace IFS (GDE)
Vent Inop
Bad Connection/cable
Bad IFS
Check all
connections/replace
cable
Replace IFS (GDE)
Breath delivered-no output to
patient
Leak in safety solenoid
tubing/connections
Bad safety solenoid
Problem in TCA board
Check all
connections
"
Replace safety
solenoid
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Component
Symptom
Mechanical overpressure
release prematurely
Problem
Incorrect Setting
Solution(s)
Replace TCA (GDE)
Reset overpressure
setting * (replace)
All items marked with
an "*" are done at
factory.
9. UIM/Control
System
Symptom
Problem
Solution(s)
Unit continues to run
after being switched
off
Disconnected wire on
"on/off" switch
Bad "on/off" switch
Check wiring in GDE
Replace switch
No power to unit and
UIM
Fuse/power supply
problem
See "Battery/Power supply section"
Unit powers on-UIM
doesn't
Damaged/disconnecte
d cable-Ext./Int.
Bad Backlight Inverter
Blown fuse on TCA
Bad TCA
Power supply voltage
drops w/load
Check/replace all external and internal
cables/connections
Replace Backlight Inverter
Replace fuse
Replace TCA (GDE)
Replace Power Supply
Membrane buttons
not working
"Screen lock" button
active
Loose
connections/bad cable
Defective membrane
switch assembly
Unlock screen
Check all cables/connections
Replace switch assembly (UIM)
Touch screen not
working
Loose internal
connection
Defective touch pad
Check all internal cables/connections
Replace touch pad (UIM)
No priority LED's
Bad LED PCB
Replace LED PCB
Optical Encoder
(knob) inoperable
Bad Optical Encoder
Replace Optical Encoder
No sound with alarms
Speaker wire
loose/disconnected
Bad speaker
Bad TCA
Check wiring to speaker
Replace speaker
Replace TCA board (GDE)
L1524
9-11
Service Manual
9-12
L1524
Service Manual
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Chapter 10 Parts List
Note
The list of components given in this manual are for reference only. For a comprehensive part list contact VIASYS
Respiratory Care Technical Support.
Description
L1524
Part Number
A/C BRACKET
51000-40728
ACCUMULATOR
51000-40748
ADULT PT. CIRCUIT 48”
16044
ADULT PT. CIRCUIT 72”
16045
ADULT TEST LUNG (SIEMENS)
33754
AIR “SMART” CONNECTOR DISS
51000-40897
AIR AND HELIOX TETHERED “SMART” CONNECTOR
DISS P/N 16131
NIST P/N 16132
ALARM SPEAKER
51000-40818
COMPREHENSIVE CART
33976
COMPRESSOR/SCROLL PUMP ASSEMBLY (INCLUDES PCBA)
51000-09750A
CUSTOM TRANSPORT CART KIT
Rack, tank, cart assembly
12V/12 amp lead acid battery (set of 2)
Battery tray (screw, washer, nut)
Wire harness
11372
33978
16179
33977
16217
EPM BOARD (INCLUDES PCBA)
51000-40848A
EXHALATION CORNER
Exhalation filter cartridge (holds filter)
Filter capsule (non-disposable)
Water trap assembly
Water trap adapter
Bottle, 125 ml.
EXHALATION VALVE ASSEMBLY
EXHALATION FLOW SENSOR ASSEMBLY
Elbow, orange
51000-40640
33987
50000-40035
22095
33985
16319A
51000-40023
51000-40525
EXTERNAL BATTERY (2 pack)
16179
FAN/CABLE ASSEMBLY
51000-40861
FRONT INTERFACE PANEL, PNEUMATIC MODULE
51000-40635
GDE
Cable assembly, battery upgrade
16222A
16243
10-1
Service Manual
Description
10-2
Part Number
HEATER ASSEMBLY
Bracket, thermal fuse
51000-40824
22018
HELIOX “SMART” CONNECTOR DISS
51000-40918
HELIOX 15 FT. HOSE
50000-40042
INFANT TEST LUNG (INGMAR)
34057
INTERNAL BATTERIES
Fuse (10 amp slow blow)
Fuse holder A/C
68339A
71690
68159
NEBULIZER ASSEMBLY
51000-40026
POWER DRIVER BOARD, PCBA, REV C
52290
POWER ENTRY MODULE
51000-40827
POWER SUPPLY KIT
Power supply
Sense cable
16230A
16388
16366
SECONDARY ALARM ASSEMBLY KIT
16316
STANDARD CART
15986
TCA BOARD, PCBA
Fuse
51000-40310A
56000-20072
TOP COVER MICROSWITCH
68294
TRANSITION BOARD WITH HARNESS
16216
UIM ARM ASSY FRONT COVER
51000-40623
UIM ARM ASSY REAR COVER
51000-40622
UIM DOMESTIC
16259
UIM INTERNATIONAL
16260
UIM MOUNTING ARM ASSEMBLY
51000-40072
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Calibration Tool Kit
Part No. 03440
Description
1/4 “ silicone tubing
54980-01903
8F Catheter assembly
3001083
Adult wye flow sensor (Var-Flex disposable)
51000-40094
Calibration syringe
51000-09558
Connector, aux port; proximal
51000-40096
Detail assy O2 reg adj tool
51000-08258
Filter removal tool
21735
Ftg. DISS, air, male ¼ NPT
52000-00133
Ftg. Fem. R/A Elbow 12mm OD
32002
Ftg. O2, ¼ MPT x 9/16 male
52000-00132
Luer lock, male 1/16 dia
52000-01205
RS232 printer cable (for downloading software)
71555
Tube ftg. 1/8 to 1/16 dia reducer
32040
Tube ftg. Tee 1/16 x 1/16 x 1/8 dia
32067
Tube ftg. Tee 1/16 x 1/18 x 1/18 dia
52000-01193
Tubing, poly 12mm OD
33980
In addition, with comprehensive software, you will need:
Esophageal catheter extension tube (10 pack)
Adult esophageal catheter (8F)
/ Pediatric esophageal catheter (6F)
3.0 and high software rev, you will need:
Tool, Exhalation Valve Characterization
L1524
Part Number
50000-09920
7003100 &/or
7003401
10136
10-3
Service Manual
Preventive Maintenance Kits
Description
Part Number
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE KIT WITHOUT
COMPRESSOR
Exhalation diaphragm
Filter, inlet tube (PM requires 2 ea.)
Filter, fan (5 pack)
16137
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE KIT WITH
COMPRESSOR
Compressor inlet filter
Compressor outlet filter
Exhalation Diaphragm
Filter, inlet tube (PM requires 2 ea.)
Filter, fan (5 pack)
16138
FILTER REMOVAL TOOL
21735
16240
33951
71670
33928
33929
16240
33951
71670
Note: The exhalation diaphragm may be ordered separately in a package
of 10 P/N 16240D
Communications
Description
10-4
Part Number
Cable tie
07803
GSP Interface Kit
16375
Independent Lung Ventilation (ILV) Cable
Kit
16124
16246
Phillips Vue Link cable
16337
Remote Nurse Call Cable/Normally Closed
15620
Remote Nurse Call Cable/Normally Open
15619
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Accessories
Description
Part Number
Bottle, 125 ml.
33985
Disp. neonatal flow sensor (10/pkg)
50000-40038
Disp. Neonatal flow sensor (each)
51000-40098
Disposable adult flow sensor (10/pkg)
50000-40031
Disposable expiratory filter (12/pkg)
11395
F & P pole mount kit
69302
Filter capsule (non-disposable)
33987
Neonatal Hot Wire Flow Sensor
51000-40081
Oxygen sensor (with connector)
68289
Patient circuit support arm
10128
Proximal adapter (required for proximal pressure monitoring)
51000-40096
Support Arm Rail Clamp
52000-30101
Talced Diaphragm/poppet (10/pkg)
16240D
Tube hanger
51000-02736
Water trap assembly
50000-40035
MONITORING PROCEDURES DISPOSABLE ACCESSORIES
(EACH ORDER IS IN A PACKAGE OF 10)
Description
L1524
Part Number
Adult esophageal catheter 8 FR
7003100
Bicore accessories kit
16401
Esophageal catheter extension tube
50000-09920
Pediatric esophageal catheter 6 FR
7003401
Tracheal catheter 5 FR. Disposable
10635
Tracheal catheter adapter
50000-40034
Tracheal catheter extension tube
50000-40040
10-5
Service Manual
Product Literature
Description
10-6
Part Number
Modes Book
L2190
Operator’s Manual (ENG)
L1523
Quick Tips Card (adult)
L2290
Quick Tips Card (infant)
L2291
User’s Guide (ENG)
L2042
L1524
Service Manual
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Appendices
Contact & Ordering Information
How to Call for Service
To get help on performing any of the preventive maintenance routines, or to request service on your
ventilator, contact VIASYS Respiratory Care Customer Care:
Technical Service
Hours: 7:00 AM to 3:30 PM (PST) Monday through Friday
Phone: (800) 231-2466
Fax:
(714) 283-8471
VIASYS Respiratory Care Customer Care Helpline
Hours:
24 hours, seven days a week
Phone:
(800) 231-2466 (From within the US)
Ordering Parts
To obtain AVEA Ventilator parts contact customer service at:
VIASYS Respiratory Care Customer Service:
Hours:
7:00 Am to 3:30 PM (PST)
Monday through Friday
Phone:
(800) 231-2466
Fax:
(714) 283-8473
(714) 283-8493
L1524
A-1
Service Manual
Diagrams and Schematics
The drawings and schematics presented in this manual are for reference purposes only. It is possible
that later versions of these documents may become available after this manual print date. VIASYS
Respiratory Care will provide upon request and to qualified persons any and all diagrams, technical
drawings and other information necessary to repair, maintain or service the AVEA Ventilator systems.
Contact VIASYS Respiratory Care technical support or your local VIASYS Respiratory Care
representative for information.
AVEA Schematics
51000-40652
LED BOARD
51000-40702
HOURMETER
51000-40342
INSPIRATORY FLOW VALVE
51000-40292
O2 BLENDER
X51000-40332
EPM BOARD
50572
PATIENT ASSIST CALL
52252
CONTROL, PCBA, 32 BIT
51000-40552
PCBA, DRIVER TRANSITION
52292
PCBA, POWER DRIVER BOARD
52172
PCB COMPRESSOR WITH CONNECTORS
51000-40362
PCBA, SUPPLY PRESSURE
51000-40312
TRANS COM ALARM
51000-40370
PCBA, BLENDED GAS
68273
POWER SUPPLY
AVEA Diagrams
A-2
51000-40431
PCBA, EXHALATION FLOW TRANSITION
52331
PCBA, BACKUP ALARM
51000-40841
TUBING DIAGRAM
51000-09742
PNEUMATIC DIAGRAM
21891
WIRING DIAGRAM
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
LED Board
L1524
A-3
AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
Hour Meter
L1524
A-4
AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
Inspiratory Flow Valve
L1524
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
O2 Blender
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
EPM Board
L1524
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
Patient Assist Call
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
Control, PCBA, 32 Bit
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
PCBA, Driver Transition
L1524
A-21
AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
PCBA, Power Driver Board
L1524
A-22
AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
PCB Compressor with Connectors
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
PCBA, Supply Pressure
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
Trans Com Alarm
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
Power Supply
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A-42
AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
PCBA, Exhalation Flow Transition
L1524
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
PCBA, Backup Alarm
L1524
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
Tubing Diagram
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
Pneumatic Diagram
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
Wiring Diagram
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems Service Manual
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Specifications
Pneumatic Supply
Air or Heliox Supply
Pressure Range:
20 to 80 psig
(Supply Air)
20 to 80 psig
(Supply Heliox)
3 to 10 psig
(Compressor Air)
62 oC
Temperature:
10 to
Humidity:
Dew Point of gas should be 1.7 oC (3 oF) below the ambient temperature
(minimum)
Minimum Flow:
80 L/MIN at 20 psig
Inlet Fitting:
CGA DISS-type body, No. 1160
(Air)
CGA DISS-type body, No. 1180
(Heliox)
(50 to 143.6 oF)
The 1180 fitting is available from most Medical Specialty Gas suppliers. One such company is Superior
Products in Cleveland, Ohio (216) 651-9400 P/N MA692
Oxygen Supply
Pressure Range:
20 to 80 psig
(Supply Oxygen)
Temperature:
10 to 40 oC (50 to 104 oF)
Humidity:
Dew Point of gas should be 1.7 oC (3 oF) below the ambient temperature
(minimum)
Minimum Flow:
80 L/MIN at 20 psig
Inlet Fitting:
CGA DISS-type body, No. 1240
Electrical Supply
AC Power Supply
The ventilator operates within specification when connected to the following AC power supplies:
L1524
Nominal
Voltage Range
Frequency Range
100 VAC
(85 to 110 VAC)
47 to 65 Hz
120 VAC
(102 to 132 VAC)
55 to 65 Hz
230 VAC
(196 TO 253 VAC)
47 to 65 Hz
240 VAC
(204 TO 264 VAC)
47 to 65 Hz
A-55
Service Manual
DC Power Supply
The ventilator can also operate from a 24 VDC power source (internal or external battery).
Internal Battery:
The ventilator operates within specification for a minimum duration of 30 minutes when operated on the
internal battery. With the compressor active; one hour on a 50 PSI air.source Maximum charge time to
achieve a full charge is 8 to 12 hours.
External Battery:
22.0 to 26.4 VDC With use of the external batteries, the ventilator will operate for 2 hours with
compressor active and 6 hours on a 50 PSI air source.
Data Input / Output
Analog Inputs
The ventilator provides up to 8 programmable channels for analog signal inputs. Each channel shall be
scalable for the input ranges specified.
Ranges:
0 to 1 VDC
0 to 5 VDC
0 to 10 VDC
Resolution:
0.25 mV (for 0 to 1 VDC)
1.37 mV (for 0 to 5 VDC)
2.5 mV (for 0 to 10 VDC)
Analog Outputs
The ventilator provides 4 signals to the analog output connector:
1.
2.
Airway Pressure, PAW:
Connection
DB25 connector, pin 22. Ground pins 9-13
Range:
-60 to 140 cmH2O
Scale:
1 cmH2O/25 mV
Accuracy:
± 50 mV or ± 5% of reading, whichever is greater
Zero Offset:
1.5 VDC at 0 cmH2O
Flow
Connection
DB25 connector, pin 23. Ground pins 9-13
Inspiratory/Expiratory flow:
When selected, the ventilator provides a continuous analog voltage representative of
inspiratory flow minus expiratory flow.
Range:
-300 to 200 L/MIN
(Adult)
-120 to 80 L/MIN (Pediatric)
-60 to 40 L/MIN (Neonate)
Scale Factor:
A-56
1 L/MIN / 10 mV (Adult)
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
1 L/MIN / 25 mV (Pediatric)
1 L/MIN / 50 mV (Neonate)
Accuracy:
± 10% of reading or ± 30 mV, whichever is greater
Zero Offset:
3.0 VDC at 0 L/MIN
Machine:
When selected the ventilator provides a continuous analog voltage representative of machine
delivered flow.
Range:
Scale Factor:
0 to 200 L/MIN
(Adult)
0 to 100 L/MIN
(Pediatric)
0 to 50 L/MIN
(Neonate)
1 L/MIN / 25 mV (Adult)
1 L/MIN / 50 mV (Pediatric)
1 L/MIN / 100 mV (Neonate)
3.
Accuracy:
± 10% of reading or ± 30 mV, whichever is greater
Zero Offset:
None
Volume:
Connection
DB25 connector, pin 24. Ground pins 9-13
Range:
-1.00 to 4.00 L
(Adult)
-200 to 800 mL
(Pediatric)
-100 to 400 mL
(Neonate)
1L/V
(Adult)
1 mL / 5 mV
(Pediatric)
1 mL / 10 mV
(Neonate)
Scale Factor:
4.
Accuracy:
± 10% of reading or ± 30 mV, whichever is greater
Zero Offset:
1.000 VDC
Breath Phase
Connection
DB25 connector, pin 25. Ground pins 9-13.
The ventilator provides a continuous analog voltage representative of breath phase (Inspiration = 5
VDC, Expiration = 0 VDC).
L1524
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Service Manual
Digital Communication
MIB Connection
RS-232 #1
SVGA Connection
Figure A-1
Centronics Parallel
Printer Connection
RS-232 #2
Connections beneath the UIM screen
The ventilator has two RS-232 ports on the UIM for bi-directional communication of data: RS-232 Ch1
and RS-232 Ch2. RS232-1 DB9-F connector is active for software upgrades and the Avea
communication protocol, recommended to connect only to Viasys applications.
RS-232-Channel 2 DB9-F is reserved for future applications.
Printer
The ventilator UIM has a standard 25-pin female Centronics parallel printer port, DB25-F, active on all models
for use with HP color deskjet printers with parallel interface.
Printing from the Avea
1. The print screen is compatible with Hewlett Packard 300 and 900 series printers.
2. The port is on the underside of the UIM fairly in the middle. A “printer” symbol has
been placed on the UIM directly above the port itself.
3. It is a parallel printer port.
4. After connecting the appropriate printer you may print a screen at any time.
5. Press “FREEZE” to capture the screen data.
6. Press “PRINT” and the screen will be printed.
Video Output (SVGA Connection)
The ventilator UIM provides a video output connector which allows for interfacing to an externally
located 256-color, 800 x 600, SVGA monitor.
A-58
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
MIB Connection
Configuration of the AVEA to communicate with interfaces always requires setting the baud rate and
communication parameter to match the host device. From the Main Screen, press:
SCREENS → UTILITIES → INPUT/OUTPUT →RS 232 Output:
Rotate the DATA DIAL until the applicable selection appears.
Press the “ACCEPT” button.
In the same manner, set the baud rate and communication parameter to match the host device.
The AVEA will then be configured to communicate with the interface selected.
When properly connected, the communication ICON in the AVEA INPUT/OUTPUT screen will be present.
GSP (Generic Serial Protocol)
This interface is available in AVEA software versions 3.3 and greater. The AVEA GSP Interface Kit is P/N 16375
and includes a CAT-5 Cable and a 9 pin adapter.
Phillips Vue Link
AVEA software versions 3.1 and greater may be interfaced with the Phillips Vue Link system. The P/N for the
Vue-Link CAT 5 serial cable and adapter is 16337.
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Service Manual
C
B
A
J
I
E
D
G
F
Figure A-2
A-60
H
Figure 2.19 Rear Panel
A – AC power module
F – Air smart connector
B – UIM connection
G – Oxygen sensor
C – Analog input/output/ILV
H – Oxygen hose connection
D - Power ON/OFF Switch
I – External battery connector
E – Nurse call system connection
J – External battery fuse
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Remote Nurse Call
The ventilator has a modular jack configured to interface with external systems that are either wired for normally
open (N.O., close on alarm) or normally closed (N.C., open on alarm) signals.
In the active state, the remote alarm can sink 1.0 A.
The Remote Nurse Call cable may be permanently affixed to the AVEA ventilator.
1. Remove paper backing from the cable bridge P/N 08231 and attach the bridge sticky side to the
location as show in the photo provided.
2. Insert the Remote Nurse Call cable into the receptacle until it clicks and locks into the position.
3. Insert the cable tie P/N 07803 provided through the cable bridge, bend the Remote Nurse Call cable as
show in the photo against the top of the cable bridge.
4. Insert the pointed end of the cable tie through the opposite locking end of the cable tie and pull it finger
tight only against the Remote Nurse Call cable.
5. Ensure that the Remote Nurse Call Cable has a slight looping bend to it and not a sharp 90-degree
bend. This will ensure there is not undo stress applied to the Remote Nurse Call cable.
Cut off the excess cable tie flush with the locking portion of the cable tie.
Independent Lung Ventilation (ILV)
The ventilator provides an output (master) and an input (slave) for synchronization of ventilators. The
output supplies a 5 VDC logic signal synchronized to the breath phase of the master. ILV CABLE P/N
16124 ILV CABLE KIT P/N 16246
Atmospheric & Environmental Specifications
Temperature and Humidity
Storage
Temperature:
−20 to 60 oC (−4 to 140 oF)
Humidity:
0 to 95% RH non-condensing
Operating
Temperature:
5 to 40 oC (41 to 104 oF)
Humidity:
0 to 95% RH non-condensing
Barometric Pressure
760 to 545 mmHg
Blender Bleed
The bleed rate from the relay is 2.3 SLPM (O2).
The bleed to the O2 sensor is approximately 0.1 SLPM (blended gas).
The bleed specification is 7.5 +/- 0.5 LPM at 9 +/- 0.5 PSI at the accumulator. When there is sufficient
minute ventilation to keep the pressure below that value, the bleed is shut off.
L1524
A-61
Service Manual
Sound Levels
Measured at three meters in front of the AVEA ventilator:
Lowest Alarm Level – 55dBA.
Highest Alarm Level – 75 dBA.
Physical Dimensions
Overall Size
Ventilator
17” W x 16” D x 10.5” H
UIM
16.25” W x 2.5” D x 13.75” H
Weight
Ventilator w/ UIM
< 73 lbs.
Compressor
< 7 lbs.
Accessories
Pall Microbial Filter
Resistance:
The exhalation filter supplied with your AVEA ventilator is manufactured by Pall Medical of Ann Arbor,
MI, USA. The published maximum resistance of this filter is 4 cmH2O at 20 L/min for the Intervene 255
Filter (small) and 4cm H2O at 100 L/min for the 725 (large) filter.
Compliance:
The compliance for the small filter is < 0.5 ml/cmH2O and for the large filter is < 0.4 ml/cmH2O
Materials:
Materials used in the construction of both filters have passed USP Class VI 121° C Plastic and
Cytoxicity test.
For further information please contact Pall Medical.
A-62
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Water Trap
Resistance:
The resistance of the small water trap assembly including the collection bottle is < than 0.25 cmH2O at
20 L/min.
Compliance:
The compliance of both water trap assemblies including the collection bottle is < 0.2 ml/cmH2O.
Wave
Definition:
Body Size:
Sigh
Ptrig
Vsync
Trise Vsync
Tsync high
Tsync low
PSVhigh
Fbias
L/min x10
Bias Flow (Bias Flow)
Vmach
mL x10
Machine Volume (Mach Vol)
Vlimit
mL x10
Volume Limit (Vol Limit)
Trise
1..9
Pressure Control Rise Time (Rise Time)
Fcycle
% ?5
Flow Cycle % of PIFR (Flow Cycle)
Trise-psv
1..9
PSV Rise Time (PSV Rise)
Fcycle-psv
%
PSV Flow Cycle % of PIFR (PSV Cycle)
Tmax-psv
sec x100
PSV Maximum Inspiratory Time (PSV Tmax)
Wave
0/1
Decelerating Flow Volume Waveform OFF/ON
(Waveform)
Sigh
0/1
Sigh Volume Breath OFF/ON (Sigh)
Ptrig
cmH2O x10
Pressure Trigger Sensitivity (Pres Trig)
Vsync
0/1
Vsync mode OFF/ON (Vsync)
Trise-Vsync
1..9
Vsync Rise Time (Vsync Rise)
Tsync-high
%
Sync Window % of APRV/BiPhasic Time High
(T High Sync)
Tsync-low
%
Sync Window % of APRV/BiPhasic Time Low
(T Low Sync)
PSVhigh
0/1
PSV OFF/ON with APRV/BiPhasic Pres High(T
High PSV)
8 words (32 bytes). Each field, signed 16-bit integer; little endian.
Value: Per definition.
RUSSIAN
TURKISH
JAPANESE
Alm FiO2 (O2 Alarm)
L1524
Definition:
Enable/Disable setting of FiO2 Alarm.
Size:
Two (2) bytes; unsigned 16-bit integer; little endian.
A-63
Service Manual
Value:
ENABLED
0
DISABLED
1
Aout (Analog Output Type)
Definition:
Selection of Flow Waveform for Analog Output.
Size:
Two (2) bytes; unsigned 16-bit integer; little endian.
Value:
Wye Flow
0
Machine Flow
1
ILV Mode (ILV Mode)
Definition:
Independent Lung Ventilation configuration of ventilator.
Size:
Four (4) bytes; unsigned 32-bit integer; little endian.
Value:
ILV OFF
0
ILV MASTER
1
ILV SLAVE
2
Ain Gain(Analog Input Gain)
Definition:
Selection of Amplifier Gain applied to Analog Inputs.
Size:
Two (2) bytes; unsigned 16-bit integer; little endian.
Value:
High Gain; 0-1V
0xFFFF
Med. Gain; 0-5V
0xAAAA
Low Gain; 0-10V
0x0000
Pbaro (Baro Pres)
Definition:
Barometric pressure setting of ventilator environment.
Size:
Two (2) bytes; signed 16-bit integer; little endian.
Value:
Per definition; mmHg.
Operational Settings Data
1st
Mode
7th
AAC
ETT Len
ETT Dia
Body Size:
4 words (16 bytes); each field see below.
Value:
N/A.
Leak Comp
CCC k
Humid
Mode (Mode)
Definition:
Breath delivery Mode setting.
Exchange Protocol
The following describes several typical transaction sequences for this protocol. Others are possible,
but are analogous to or extensions of those presented.
A-64
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Host
Service
Request
Ventilator
ServiceRequest( )
ServiceRequestReply( )
Data
Request,
Monitors
ServiceRequest( )
Monitors( )
Service
Request,
Data as
Available,
Scalars
ServiceRequest( )
ServiceRequestReply( )
RealTimeData( )
RealTimeData( )
RealTimeData( )
Default
The default transmission mode for all data types is "By Request".
Disabled State
All data transmission may be disabled under certain circumstances, for example, if an alternate data
channel (MIB) is selected for communication. In this case, all Service
Requests will be replied with a failure message.
AVEA Message Bar Text
AVEA MESSAGE BAR TEXT
"Confirm Apnea Settings."
"Proximal Flow Sensor required."
"Bias Flow insufficient to allow Flow
Trigger."
"Heliox concentration will change."
L1524
CAUSE
Selection of CPAP/PSV or APRV on Mode Select
popup when active.
Acceptance of Volume Limit setting when
Size is NEO, Volume Limit is active, and no Wye
Flow Sensor connected (Varflex or Hotwire).
Acceptance of Bias Flow setting or Flow Trigger
setting when Flow Trigger < (Bias Flow + 0.5 lpm).
Acceptance of %O2 setting when Heliox is being
used.
A-65
Service Manual
AVEA MESSAGE BAR TEXT
"Nebulizer not available."
"Confirm inspiratory pressure settings."
"Settings restored to defaults."
"Compliance Compensation not active
for NEO."
"Minimum 0.2 sec Inspiratory Time."
"Maximum 4:1 I:E Ratio."
"Maximum 3 sec Inspiratory Time."
"Maximum 5 sec Inspiratory Time."
"Invalid Calibration"
"Error saving Serial/Model Number"
Clear Messages
"FCV Characterization in progress."
"FCV Characterization complete."
"FCV Characterization failed."
Installed Software Version
Current Time, Date, and Runtime Hours
“DPRAM Comm. Error, Ctrl"
"Printing."
"Printer Out of Paper."
"Printer Offline."
"Printer Error."
"Printer Ready."
"Printer Busy."
A-66
CAUSE
Acceptance of Peak Flow setting < 15 lpm when
Nebulizer is active or on pressing of Nebulizer
membrane key when Peak Flow setting < 15 lpm
Selection of Volume Limit control when Volume Limit
active (i. e., not at default / highest value for patient
size).
Patient Accept when New Patient selected.
Size Accept when Size is NEO, and Circ Comp
setting is non-zero.
Acceptance of any combination of settings that will
produce an I-Time of less than 0.2 seconds.
Acceptance of any combination of settings that will
produce an I:E Ratio of 4:1 or greater.
Acceptance of any combination of settings when size
is NEO that will produce an I-Time of greater than 3
seconds.
Acceptance of any combination of settings when size
is PED or ADULT that will produce an I-Time of
greater than 5 seconds.
Service State Only:
Validation failure, while calibration dialog box is
active for selected device.
Service State Only:
On accept of Serial Number or Model Number
Change.
Service State Only:
Validation success, while calibration dialog box is
active for selected device.
Service State Only:
On start of Flow Control Valve characterization
procedure.
Service State Only:
On successful completion of Flow Control Valve
characterization procedure.
Service State Only:
Unsuccessful completion of Flow Control Valve
characterization procedure. Validation failure
characterization and tuning data.
Power Up
Main key pressed.
Loss of Communication with Control microprocessor
Print Screen button was pressed; commenced
sending screen data to printer.
Print Screen button was pressed, printer reported it is
out of paper.
Print Screen button was pressed; printer is not
available.
Print Screen button was pressed; printer reported an
error condition.
Sending screen data to printer has completed.
Print Screen button was pressed, device has not
completed sending data from previous activation.
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
AVEA MESSAGE BAR TEXT
"Volume Limit disabled."
"Proximal Flow Sensor disconnected."
"Flow sensor is not Heliox-compatible."
"Proximal Airway Line disconnected."
"Proximal Flow Sensor conflict.
"Esophageal monitoring not available."
"Tracheal monitoring not available."
"Flow Sensor Error."
"Wye Sensor Error."
"Device Error."
"Esophageal Balloon Leak Test Failed."
“Stopped: Patient Effort Detected”
CAUSE
On disconnect of WFS (Neo or Hotwire) when Size is
NEO and Volume Limit is active.
On disconnect of WFS, any type.
On connect of Hotwire WFS when Heliox is active.
On disconnect of Proximal Pressure connection.
On simultaneous connect of Hotwire and VarFlex
WFS.
On connect of Esophageal Balloon when size is
NEO.
On connect of Tracheal Catheter when size is NEO.
On power up, failure to validate any internal flow
sensor.
On connect and failure to validate any proximal flow
sensor.
On detection of a fault classified as “Device Error”
(see Fault Section)
On failure of Esophageal Balloon leak test.
Upon detecting Patient effort in maneuvers which
require a passive patient
“Proximal Flow Sensor Ready”
L1524
A-67
Service Manual
Adjusting Barometric Pressure for Altitude
The default setting for barometric pressure on AVEA is 760 mm Hg. For institutions at altitudes of 1000
feet or greater, barometric pressure can be set by the operator.
Open the screens menu by pressing the screen indicator on the touch screen or the “SCREENS”
membrane button located to the left of the touch screen.
Select utility from the screens menu. Press the touch screen button for barometric pressure and use the
data dial to change the setting. Once you have reached the desired barometric pressure setting, press
the “ACCEPT” membrane button adjacent to the data dial.
To close the utilities screen and return to the main screen, press the screen indicator again and select
MAIN from the menu or press the membrane button to the left of the touch screen labeled “MAIN”.
Below is a chart of approximate Barometric Pressure at varying altitude:
Table G.1 Altitude to Barometric Pressure Conversion1
Altitude
(ft)
1
Barometric
Pressure
(mm Hg)
0
760
1000
733
2000
707
3000
681
4000
656
5000
632
6000
609
7000
588
8000
567
9000
545
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 61st Edition,1980-1981, CRC Press, Inc. Boca Raton, Florida
A-68
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Monitor Ranges and Accuracies
DISPLAY
DESCRIPTION
RANGE
ACCURACY
VOLUME MONITORS
The volume measured during the inspiratory phase of the breath is accumulated as the inspired
tidal volume, and the volume measured during the exhalation phase is accumulated as the
exhaled tidal volume. This volume does not include the volume delivered by the Circuit
Compliance Compensation function for volume breaths.
Vte
Exhaled tidal volume.
0 to 4 L
(± 20ml + 10% of reading)Adult machine sensor
(± 1 ml + 10% of reading)Neonate wye sensor
Vte/kg
Exhaled tidal volume adjusted for
0 to 4 ml/kg
patient weight
Vti
Inspired tidal volume.
0 to 4 L
(± 20ml + 10% of reading)Adult machine sensor
(± 1 ml + 10% of reading)Neonate wye sensor
Vti/kg
Inspired tidal volume adjusted for
0 to 4 ml/kg
patient weight
Spon Vt
Spontaneous tidal volume.
0 to 4 L
(± 20ml + 10% of reading)Adult machine sensor
(± 1 ml + 10% of reading)Neonate wye sensor
Spon Vt/kg Spontaneous tidal volume adjusted 0 to 4 ml/kg
for patient weight
Mand Vt
Mandatory tidal volume. Displayed 0 to 4 L
(± 20ml + 10% of reading)as a rolling average of either 8
Adult machine sensor
breaths or one minute, whichever
(± 1 ml + 10% of reading)occurs first.
Neonate wye sensor
Mand Vt/kg Mandatory tidal volume adjusted
0 to 4 ml/kg
Derived
for patient weight
Vdel
Delivered machine volume
0 to 4L
(± 20ml + 10% of reading)measured by the ventilator’s
inspiratory flow sensor.
% Leak
Percent leakage. The difference
Derived
Derived
between the inspired and exhaled
tidal volumes in terms of %
difference.
L1524
A-69
Service Manual
DISPLAY
DESCRIPTION
Ve
Minute Volume. Volume of gas
exhaled by the patient during the
last minute.
Ve/kg
Minute volume adjusted for patient
weight
Spon Ve
Spontaneous minute volume.
Spon Ve/kg Spontaneous minute volume
adjusted for patient weight
RATE/TIME MONITORS
Rate
Breath Rate.
Spon Rate
RANGE
0 to 99.9 L
Derived
0 to 999 ml/kg
Derived
0 to 99.9L
0 to 999ml/kg
Derived
Derived
0 to 200 bpm
± 3% or ± 2 bpm
whichever is greater
± 3% or ± 2 bpm
whichever is greater
± 0.03 sec
Spontaneous breath rate.
0 to 200 bpm
Ti
Inspiratory time.
Te
Exhalation Time.
I:E
Inspiratory/expiratory ratio
Note: Not active for demand
breaths.
Rapid shallow breathing index.
0.00 to 99.99
sec
0.00 to 99.99
sec
1:99.9 to
99.9:1
f/Vt
ACCURACY
± 0.03 sec
Derived from accuracies
for monitored Ti and Te
0 to 500
b2/min/L
Derived from accuracies
for spontaneous breath
rate and spontaneous
minute volume
0 to 120
cmH2O
± 3.5% of reading or ± 2
cmH2O, whichever is
greater
0 to 120
cmH2O
± 3.5% of reading or ± 2
cmH2O, whichever is
greater
PRESSURE MONITORS
Ppeak
Pmean
Peak inspiratory pressure.
Not active with spontaneous
breaths
Mean airway pressure.
Pplat
Plateau pressure. If no plateau
occurs, then the monitor displays *
**
0 to 120
cmH2O
± 3.5% of reading or ± 2
cmH2O, whichever is
greater
PEEP
Positive end expiratory pressure.
0 to 60 cmH2O
Air Inlet
Air inlet gas supply pressure.
0 to 80 psig
± 3.5% of reading or ± 2
cmH2O, whichever is
greater
± 5 psig (1.4 – 5.5 bar)
O2 Inlet
Oxygen inlet gas supply pressure.
0 to 80 psig
± 5 psig (1.4 - 5.5 bar)
GAS COMPOSITION MONITORS
A-70
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
DISPLAY
FiO2
DESCRIPTION
RANGE
Delivered percent O2.
0 to 100%
± 3%
0 to 300
ml/cmH2O
0.00 to 5.00
ml/cmH2O⋅kg
0 to 300
ml/cmH2O
0.00 to 5.00
ml/cmH2O⋅kg
Derived
MECHANICS
Dynamic Compliance (CDYN and
Cdyn
CDYN / Kg), absolute and
normalized to patient weight.
Cdyn/Kg
Respiratory System Compliance
(CRS), (a.k.a. Static Compliance
CSTAT), absolute and normalized to
patient weight.
Note: This requires an Inspiratory
Hold maneuver.
Respiratory system resistance.
0 to 100
cmH2O/L/sec
Note: Calculation is performed
during an Inspiratory Hold
maneuver.
Peak Inspiratory flow rate.
0 to 300 L/min
(All patients)
Derived
PEFR
Peak Expiratory flow rate.
0 to 300 L/min
(All patients)
Ccw
The ratio of the tidal volume
(exhaled) to the Delta Esophageal
Pressure (dPES). Requires an
esophageal balloon.
The ratio of the tidal volume
(exhaled) to the delta
transpulmonary pressure. The
delta transpulmonary pressure is
the difference between the airway
plateau pressure (during an
inspiratory pause) and esophageal
pressure (at the time the airway
plateau pressure is measured)
minus the difference between the
airway and esophageal baseline
pressures. Requires an inspiratory
hold and esophageal balloon.
0 to 300
mL/cmH2O
± 10% of setting or ± (0.2
L/min + 10% of setting),
whichever is greater
+ 10%
Cstat
Cstat/Kg
Rrs
PIFR
CLUNG
L1524
ACCURACY
0 to 300
mL/cmH2O
Derived
± 10% of setting or ± (0.2
L/min + 10% of setting),
whichever is greater
+ 10%
A-71
Service Manual
DISPLAY
DESCRIPTION
RANGE
C20 / C
The ratio of the dynamic
compliance during the last 20% of
inspiration (C20) to the total
dynamic compliance (C).
The total resistance during the
inspiratory phase of a breath.
Respiratory System Resistance is
the ratio of the airway pressure
differential (peak – plateau) to the
inspiratory flow 12 ms prior to the
end of inspiration. Requires an
inspiratory hold.
The Peak Expiratory Resistance
(RPEAK), is defined as the
resistance at the time of the Peak
Expiratory Flow (PEFR).
The airway resistance between the
wye of the patient circuit and the
tracheal sensor. Requires an
inspiratory hold and tracheal
catheter.
The ratio of the tracheal pressure
differential (peak – plateau) to the
inspiratory flow 12 ms prior to the
end of inspiration. Requires an
inspiratory hold and tracheal
catheter.
The difference between peak
airway pressure (PPEAK AW) and
baseline airway pressure
(PEEPAW).
The difference between peak
esophageal pressure (PPEAK ES) and
baseline esophageal pressure
(PEEPES).
The airway pressure at the end of
an expiratory hold maneuver.
Requires a passive patient.
0.00 to 5.00
+ 10%
0 to 100
cmH2O/L/sec
+ 10%
0.0 to 100.0
cmH2O/L/sec
+ 10%
0.0 to 100.0
cmH2O/L/sec
+ 10%
0.0 to 100.0
cmH2O/L/sec
+ 10%
−120 to 120
cmH2O
+ 2 cm H2O or + 5%
whichever is greater
−120 to 120
cmH2O
+ 2 cm H2O or + 5%
whichever is greater
0 to 50 cmH2O
+ 2 cm H2O or + 5%
whichever is greater
RRS
RPEAK
RIMP
RLUNG
dPAW
dPES
AutoPEEP
A-72
ACCURACY
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
DISPLAY
DESCRIPTION
dAutoPEEP The difference between airway
pressure at the end of an expiratory
hold maneuver and the airway
pressure at the start of the next
scheduled breath after the
expiratory hold maneuver.
Requires a passive patient.
AutoPEEPE The difference between
esophageal pressure measured at
S
the end of exhalation (PEEPES)
minus the esophageal pressure
measured at the start of a patientinitiated breath (PES start) and the
sensitivity of the ventilator’s
demand system. The sensitivity of
the ventilator’s demand system is
the difference between the baseline
airway pressure (PEEPAW) and the
airway pressure when the patient
initiates a breath (PAW start).
Requires an esophageal balloon.
Ptp Plat
Transpulmonary pressure during
an inspiratory hold, which is the
difference between the airway
plateau pressure (PPLAT AW) and the
corresponding esophageal
pressure. Requires an inspiratory
hold and esophageal balloon.
Ptp PEEP
The difference between the
corresponding
airway
and
esophageal pressures at the end of
the expiratory hold during an
AutoPEEP maneuver. Requires an
inspiratory hold and esophageal
catheter.
MIP
The maximum negative airway
pressure that is achieved by the
patient, during an expiratory hold
maneuver.
P100
The negative pressure that occurs
100 ms after an inspiratory effort
has been detected.
L1524
RANGE
ACCURACY
0 to 50 cmH2O
+ 2 cm H2O or + 5%
whichever is greater
0 to 50 cmH2O
+ 2 cm H2O or + 5%
whichever is greater
−60 to 120
cmH2O
+ 2 cm H2O or + 5%
whichever is greater
−60 to 120
cmH2O
± 2 cmH2O or ± 5%,
whichever is greater
−60 to 120
cmH2O
± 2 cmH2O or ± 5%,
whichever is greater
−60 to 120
cmH2O
± 2 cmH2O or ± 5%,
whichever is greater
A-73
Service Manual
DISPLAY
WOBV
WOBP
WOBI
DESCRIPTION
RANGE
ACCURACY
The summation of airway pressure
(PAW) minus the baseline airway
pressure (PEEPAW) times the
change in tidal volume to the
patient (∆V) during inspiration, and
normalized to the total inspiratory
tidal volume (Vti).
Patient Work of Breathing (WOBP),
normalized to the total inspiratory
tidal volume. Patient work of
breathing is defined as the
summation of two work
components: work of the lung and
work of the chest wall. Requires an
esophageal balloon.
The work performed by the patient
to breathe spontaneously through
the breathing apparatus, i.e. the
E.T. tube, the breathing circuit, and
the demand flow system. Requires
a tracheal catheter.
0.00 to 20.00
Joules/L
+ 10%
0.00 to 20.00
Joules/L
+ 10%
0.00 to 20.00
Joules/L
+ 10%
Note
Monitored values are displayed as BTPS
A-74
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Sensor Specifications & Circuit Resistance
Table E.1 Varflex® Flow Sensor
Sensor
Infant 15 mm
Adult 15 mm
Part Number
Type
Circuit Location
Performance Specifications
Flow Range
Diff Pres Range
Accuracy*
Resistance
Dead Space
Freq. Response**
Airway Pres Range
Calibration (EEPROM)
Linearity
Operating Temperature
7002500
Single Use
Wye
7002300
Single Use
Wye
0.024 to 30 L/min
± 5.72 cmH2O
± (0.012 L/min + 5% or reading
4.5 cmH2O @ 30 L/min
0.7 ml installed
17 Hz
-140 to 140 cmH2O
29 Point Curve
< 1% between points
5° to 40° C
41° to 104° F
1.2 to 180 L/min
± 5.72 cmH2O
± (0.1 L/min + 5% or reading
2.4 cmH2O @ 60 L/min
9.6 ml installed
26 Hz
-140 to 140 cmH2O
29 Point Curve
< 1% between points
5° to 40° C
41° to 104° F
1.36 in (3.5 cm)
15 mm OD
15 mm OD
48 in (121.9 cm)
Bicore Proprietary
22 g (0.7 oz)
Single Patient Use
NA
Sensor – Lexan
Flap – Mylar
Tubing – PVC
Connector - ABS
2.45 in (6.2 cm)
15 mm OD
15 mm OD
73 in (185.4 cm)
Bicore Proprietary
31 g (1.0 oz)
Single Patient Use
NA
Sensor – Lexan
Flap – Mylar
Tubing – PVC
Connector - ABS
Physical Specifications
Sensor Length
Diameter Insp (Vent Side)
Diameter Exp (Patient)
Tube Length
Connector
Weight
Service Life
Sterilization
Material
L/min: Dry air at 77° F (25° C) and 14.7 psig barometric pressure.
* Includes ± 1% for linearity & hysteresis with no zero drift for the pressure transducer and ± 2 % for
temperature and humidity variations.
The sensor must be corrected for barometric pressure, and oxygen concentration.
** Frequency Response is signal attenuation to 0.707 input and assumes 100 Hz sample rate.
L1524
A-75
Service Manual
Hot Wire Flow Sensor Specifications
Table E-2 Hot Wire Flow Sensor
Part Number
Type:
Circuit Location:
Performance Specifications
Flow Range:
Vol. Accuracy:
Flow Resistance:
Dead Space:
Freq. Response*:
Calibration:
Linearity:
Operating Temperature:
Physical Specifications
Sensor length
Diameter Insp (Vent Side)
Diameter Exp (Patient Side)
Tube length
Connector
Weight
Service Life
Sterilization
Materials
A-76
51000-40081
Multiple use heated wire
Wye
0 (+/- 0.002) to 30 L/min
+/-10%
15 cmH2O @ 20 L/min
0.8 mL
16 Hz
36 point curve
< 2%
5 to 40oC
1.68”
15 mm OD
15 mm OD
N/A
Pin & Socket type
< 10g (not including wire)
25 cycles
Steam Autoclave
Sensor - Delrin
Wire – Platinum
Screen – Stainless Steel 304 or 316
Pin – PhBz, gold over nickel plated
Spacer - Delrin
L1524
AVEA Ventilator Systems
Circuit Resistance (per EN794 –1)
It is important to check the inspiratory and expiratory resistance specification of patient circuits used
with the AVEA to ensure they do not exceed the following limits when adding attachments or other
components or subassemblies to the breathing circuit.
NOTE
Refer to product labeling supplied with any accessory to be added to the breathing circuit for this information.
•
0.6 KPA (6cmH2O) at 60 L/min for adult patients
•
0.6 KPA (6cmH2O) at 30 L/min for pediatric patients
•
0.6 KPA (6cmH2O) at 5 L/min for neonatal patients
WARNING
Total resistance of the inspiratory and expiratory limbs of the breathing circuit with accessories should
not exceed 4cmH2O at 5 L/min if inspiratory flows > 15 liters per minute are used in TCPL ventilation
modes.
Circuit Resistance Test
To measure the resistance of the inspiratory and expiratory limbs of the breathing circuit with
accessories connect the patient breathing circuit as described in Chapter 2.
1. Select TCPL SIMV with settings:
Rate
Inspiratory Pressure
Peak Flow
Inspiratory Time
PEEP
Flow Trigger
% O2
Bias Flow
Pressure trigger
1
15 cmH2O
8.0 L/min
0.35 sec
0 cmH2O
20 Lmin
21 %
5 L/min
20 cmH2O
2. Select waveform Pinsp
With the patient wye blocked, allow the baseline pressure (PEEP) to stabilize for 10 seconds
and press the FREEZE key.
Use the data dial to read the pressure from the Pinsp waveform. The pressure must not
exceed 4cmH2O at 5 L/min if inspiratory flows > 15 liters per minute are used in TCPL
ventilation modes.
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Advanced Pulmonary Mechanics Monitored Parameters
Rapid Shallow Breathing Index (f / Vt)
The ventilator is capable of displaying the calculated value for Rapid Shallow Breathing
Index (f / Vt), which is the spontaneous breath rate per tidal volume, and is based on the
following formula:
f / Vt = f 2 / Ve , where f = spontaneous breath rate (BPM) and
Ve = spontaneous minute ventilation in LPM
Range:
0 to 500 b2/min/L
Resolution:
1 b2/min/L
Chest wall Compliance (CCW)
Chest wall Compliance (CCW), is the ratio of the tidal volume (exhaled) to the Delta
Esophageal Pressure (dPES).
CCW =
Vte
dPES
Range:
0 to 300 mL/cmH2O
Resolution:
1 mL/cmH2O
Note:
Requires an esophageal balloon catheter.
Accuracy:
± 10%
Lung Compliance (CLUNG)
Lung Compliance (CLUNG), is the ratio of the tidal volume (exhaled) to the delta
transpulmonary pressure. The delta transpulmonary pressure is the difference between
the airway plateau pressure (during an inspiratory pause) and esophageal pressure (at
the time the airway plateau pressure is measured) minus the difference between the
airway and esophageal baseline pressures.
CLUNG =
Vte
, where dPPLAT TP = (PPLAT AW − PES) − (PEEPAW − PEEPES)
dPPLAT TP
Range:
0 to 300 mL/cmH2O
Resolution:
1 mL/cmH2O
Note:
Requires an Inspiratory Hold maneuver and an esophageal balloon catheter.
Accuracy: ±10%
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Compliance Ratio (C20 / C)
Compliance Ratio (C20 / C), is the ratio of the dynamic compliance during the last 20%
of inspiration (C20) to the total dynamic compliance (C).
Range:
0.00 to 5.00
Resolution:
0.01
Accuracy: ± 10%
Respiratory System Resistance (RRS)
Respiratory System Resistance (RRS), is the total resistance during the inspiratory
phase of a breath. Respiratory System Resistance is the ratio of the airway pressure
differential (peak – plateau) to the inspiratory flow 12 ms prior to the end of inspiration.
Range:
0 to 100 cmH2O/L/sec
Resolution:
0.1 cmH2O/L/sec
Limitation:
Active for volume breaths only.
Note:
Requires an Inspiratory Hold maneuver.
Accuracy:
± 10%
Peak Expiratory Resistance (RPEAK)
The ventilator shall be capable of calculating and displaying the Peak Expiratory
Resistance (RPEAK), which is defined as the resistance at the time of the Peak Expiratory
Flow (PEFR).
RPEAK =
PPEFR
PEFR
Range:
0.0 to 100.0 cmH2O/L/sec
Resolution:
0.1 cmH2O/L/sec
Accuracy: ± 10%
Imposed Resistance (RIMP)
Imposed Resistance (RIMP), is the airway resistance between the wye of the patient
circuit and the tracheal sensor.
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Range:
0.0 to 100.0 cmH2O/L/sec
Resolution:
0.1 cmH2O/L/sec
Note:
Requires an Inspiratory Hold maneuver and a tracheal catheter.
Accuracy:
± 10%
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Lung Resistance (RLUNG)
Lung Resistance (RLUNG), is the ratio of the tracheal pressure differential (peak –
plateau) to the inspiratory flow 12 ms prior to the end of inspiration.
Range:
0.0 to 100.0 cmH2O/L/sec
Resolution:
0.1 cmH2O/L/sec
Note:
Requires an Inspiratory Hold maneuver and a tracheal catheter.
Accuracy:
± 10%
Peak Inspiratory Flow Rate (PIFR)
The ventilator is capable of monitoring and displaying the actual peak inspiratory flow
rate for the inspiratory phase of a breath.
Range:
0 to 300 LPM
(All patients)
Resolution:
1 LPM
(Adult/Pediatric)
0.1 LPM
(Neonate)
Accuracy:
± 10%
Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR)
The ventilator is capable of monitoring and displaying the actual peak expiratory flow
rate for the expiratory phase of a breath.
Range:
0 to 300 LPM
(All patients)
Resolution:
1 LPM
(Adult/Pediatric)
0.1 LPM
(Neonate)
Accuracy:
± 10%
Delta Airway Pressure (dPAW)
Delta Airway Pressure (dPAW), which is the difference between peak airway pressure
(PPEAK AW) and baseline airway pressure (PEEPAW).
dPAW = PPEAK AW − PEEPAW
Range:
−120 to 120 cmH2O
Resolution:
1 cmH2O
Accuracy:
± 2cmH20 or ± 5%, whichever is greater
Delta Esophageal Pressure (dPES)
Delta Esophageal Pressure (dPES), is the difference between peak esophageal
pressure (PPEAK ES) and baseline esophageal pressure (PEEPES).
dPES = PPEAK ES − PEEPES
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Range:
−120 to 120 cmH2O
Resolution:
1 cmH2O
Accuracy:
± 2cmH20 or ± 5%, whichever is greater
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
AutoPEEPAW
AutoPEEPaw, is the airway pressure at the end of an expiratory hold maneuver.
Range:
0 to 50 cmH2O
Resolution:
1 cmH2O
Accuracy:
± 2cmH20 or ± 5%, whichever is greater
Note
Requires a passive patient.
Delta AutoPEEPAW (dAutoPEEPAW)
Delta AutoPEEPAW (dAutoPEEPAW), is the difference between airway pressure at the
end of an expiratory hold maneuver and the airway pressure at the start of the next
scheduled breath after the expiratory hold maneuver.
Range:
0 to 50 cmH2O
Resolution:
1 cmH2O
Note:
Requires a passive patient.
Accuracy: ± 2cmH20 or ± 5%, whichever is greater
AutoPEEPES
AutoPEEPES is defined as the difference between esophageal pressure measured at
the end of exhalation (PEEPES) minus the esophageal pressure measured at the start of
a patient-initiated breath (PES start) and the sensitivity of the ventilator’s demand system.
The sensitivity of the ventilator’s demand system is the difference between the baseline
airway pressure (PEEPAW) and the airway pressure when the patient initiates a breath
(PAW start).
AutoPEEPES = (PEEPES − PES start) − (PEEPAW − PAW start)
Range:
0 to 50 cmH2O
Resolution:
1 cmH2O
Note:
Requires an esophageal balloon catheter.
Accuracy:
± 2cmH20 or ± 5%, whichever is greater
Transpulmonary Pressure, Plateau (Ptp Plat)
The ventilator is capable of calculating and displaying the Transpulmonary pressure
during an inspiratory hold, which is the difference between the airway plateau pressure
(PPLAT AW) and the corresponding esophageal pressure.
PtpPlat = PPLAT AW − PES
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Range:
−60 to 120 cmH2O
Resolution:
1 cmH2O
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Service Manual
Accuracy:
± 2cmH20 or ± 5%, whichever is greater
Note
Requires an inspiratory hold and an esophageal catheter.
Transpulmonary Pressure, AutoPEEP (Ptp PEEP)
Transpulmonary pressure, AutoPEEP (PtpPEEP) is the difference between the
corresponding airway and esophageal pressures at the end of the expiratory hold
during an AutoPEEP maneuver.
PtpPEEP = PAW − PES (at the end of an expiratory hold)
Range:
−60 to 120 cmH2O
Resolution:
1 cmH2O
Accuracy:
± 2 cmH2O or ± 5%, whichever is greater
Note:
Requires an inspiratory hold and an esophageal catheter.
Maximum Inspiratory Pressure (MIP)
Maximum Inspiratory Pressure (MIP), is the maximum negative airway pressure that is
achieved by the patient, during an expiratory hold maneuver.
Range:
−60 to 120 cmH2O
Resolution:
1 cmH2O
Accuracy:
± 2cmH20 or ± 5%, whichever is greater
Respiratory Drive (P100)
Respiratory Drive (P100), is the negative pressure that occurs 100 ms after an inspiratory
effort has been detected.
P100 = Pend 100 − PEEPAW
Range:
−60 to 120 cmH2O
Resolution:
1 cmH2O
Accuracy:
± 2cmH20 or ± 5%, whichever is greater
Ventilator Work of Breathing (WOBV)
Ventilator Work of Breathing (WOBV), is defined as the summation of airway pressure
(PAW) minus the baseline airway pressure (PEEPAW) times the change in tidal volume to
the patient (∆V) during inspiration, and normalized to the total inspiratory tidal volume
(Vti).
If PAW > PEEPAW ,
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
∑ (P
AW
WOBV =
− PEEPAW )∆V
Insp
Vti
Range:
0.00 to 20.00 Joules/L
Resolution:
0.01 Joules/L
Accuracy:
± 10%
Patient Work of Breathing (WOBP) (Normalized to Delivered Tidal Volume)
Patient Work of Breathing (WOBP), normalized to the total inspiratory tidal volume.
Patient work of breathing is defined as the summation of two work components: work of
the lung and work of the chest wall.
WOBP = WOBLUNG + WOBCW
Tiend
∑ ( PEEP
where WOBLUNG =
ES
− PES )∆V
(if PEEPES > PES
Testart
and V > 0)
2
and WOBCW =
VP
(if PEEPES > PES)
2CCW
Work of the lung (WOBLUNG) is calculated using esophageal pressure when the baseline
esophageal pressure (PEEPES) is greater than the esophageal pressure (PES),
indicating patient effort.
Work of the chest wall (WOBCW) for a spontaneously breathing patient is calculated
using only the portion of the total tidal volume delivered due to a patient effort (VP) and
the chest wall compliance (CCW).
Range:
0.00 to 20.00 Joules/L
Resolution:
0.01 Joules/L
Accuracy:
± 10%
Note
Requires an esophageal balloon catheter.
Imposed Work of Breathing (WOBI)
Imposed Work of Breathing (WOBI), is defined as the work performed by the patient to
breathe spontaneously through the breathing apparatus, i.e. the E.T. tube, the
breathing circuit, and the demand flow system.
Imposed work is assessed by integrating the change in tracheal pressure and tidal
volume, and normalizing the integrated value to the total inspiratory tidal volume (Vti).
(Requires the use of an optional tracheal catheter.) Based on the following formula:
WOBI =
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∫ (PEEP
Vti
AW
0
− PTR ) *
dV
,
dt
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Service Manual
where
PEEPAW = airway baseline pressure
PTR = tracheal pressure
Vti = inspired tidal volume
Range:
0.00 to 20.00 Joules/L
Resolution:
0.01 Joules/L
Accuracy:
± 10%
Note
Requires a tracheal catheter.
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Glossary
Breath Interval
Elapsed time from the start of one breath to the start of the next.
Preset
An operator set ventilator parameter.
Trigger
Value at which the ventilator initiates delivery of a breath as a result of
measured patient effort.
BTPS
Body Temperature at Ambient Pressure, Saturated.
ATPD
Ambient Temperature, Ambient Pressure, Dry.
Demand Flow
The flow generated by the ventilator to meet the patient’s flow demand in
order to maintain PEEP at the preset level.
DVM
Digital Volt Meter
PEEP
Positive End Expiratory Pressure.
AC
Alternating Current (mains electricity).
Bias Flow
A continuous flow through the patient breathing circuit. The level of Bias
Flow can be set from .4 to 5 L/min
Bpm
Breaths per minute.
Breath Period
The length of time between machine-initiated breaths. Depends on the
Breath Rate setting and is computed by dividing 60 seconds by the Breath
Rate setting. When the Breath Rate setting is 15 bpm, for example, the
breath period is four seconds (i.e., 60 / 15). In this example, the ventilator
initiates a breath every four seconds.
Breath Rate
The number of breaths delivered in a minute.
BTPD
Body Temperature at Ambient Pressure, Dry
Button
A push button switch used to toggle a function on or off.
cmH2O
Centimeters of water pressure.
Controls
Any button, switch, or knob that allows you to modify the ventilator’s
behavior.
Event
An anomalous condition that occurs during ventilator operation.
Flow
The rate at which gas is delivered. Measured in liters per minute (L/min).
Indicators
A visual element showing operational status.
L
Liters. A unit of volume.
LED
Light Emitting Diode
L/min
Liters per minute. A unit of flow.
Mode
An operating state of the ventilator that determines the allowable breath
types.
Monitored Parameter
A measured value displayed in the monitor window.
O2
Oxygen
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Patient Breathing Circuit
The tubing that provides the ventilatory interface between the patient and
ventilator.
Paw
Airway Pressure. Measured in cmH2O at the exhalation valve.
PEEP
See Positive End Expiratory Pressure.
PIP
Peak Inspiratory Pressure . Shows the highest circuit pressure to occur
during inspiration as measured at the exhalation valve. The display is
updated at the end of inspiration. PIP is not updated for spontaneous
breaths.
Pplat
Plateau Pressure. Measured during an Inspiratory Hold maneuver. Used to
calculate Static Compliance. (Cst).
PSIG
Pounds per square inch gauge. 1 PSIG = .07bar
Sigh Breath
A Volume Controlled machine breath having a tidal volume equal to oneand-a-half times (150%) of the current tidal volume setting.
User Verification Tests (UVT)
A group of tests to check ventilator performance prior to connecting the
ventilator to a patient.
WOB
Patient Work of Breathing i.e. a measure of Patient Effort.
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AVEA Ventilator Systems
Index
A
accumulator · 2-11, 4-31
air inlet fitting · 2-9
air inlet pressure · A-70
alarm
vent inop · 9-2
alarm speaker · 4-28
annual service · 8-1
B
back light inverter · 2-7
bias flow · A-85
breath rate · A-70
breath types · A-85
C
cautions · 1-3
compressor filters · 8-4
compressor system · 2-13
contacting the manufacturer · A-1
control PCB · 2-7
customer service · A-1
D
DC voltage · 9-1
DRAM · 2-7
drawings and schematics · A-2
driver transition board · 4-27
dynamic compliance · A-71
E
enhanced patient monitoring PCB · 2-13
error log · 9-2
exhalation valve assembly · 8-5
exhalation valve body · 8-6
exhalation valve membrane · 8-5
exhaled tidal volume · A-69
adjusted for ideal body weight · A-69
expiratory Time · A-70
external 17 Ah lead acid batteries · 2-9
F
fan · 2-12
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flash memory · 2-7
flow control system · 2-11
flow sensor · 8-7
fuses · 4-12
G
gas delivery engine · 2-10
block diagram · 2-10
H
heated expiratory system · 2-12
Heliox connection · 3-30
heliox delivery · 3-26, 3-27
hour meter · 2-12
I
inhaled tidal volume · A-69
adjusted for ideal body weight · A-69
inlet system · 2-10
inspiratory time · A-70
Inspiratory/Expiratory ratio · A-70
internal NiMH batteries · 2-8
L
LCD · 2-6
LED · 2-6
liquid crystal display · 2-6
M
mandatory tidal volume · A-69
adjusted for patient weight · A-69
mean inspiratory pressure · A-70
membrane panel · 2-6
minute volume · A-70
adjusted for patient weight · A-70
monitor CPU · 2-7
N
nebulizer system · 2-13
O
operational verification test · 9-1
I-1
Service Manual
optical encoder · 2-7
ordering parts · A-1
oxygen blender · 2-11
oxygen inlet pressure · A-70
oxygen sensor
cable · 3-30
cell · 3-30
P
parts replaced annually · 8-1
patient effort · A-85
peak Expiratory flow rate · A-71
peak Inspiratory flow rate · A-71
peak inspiratory pressure · A-70
PEEP · A-70, A-85, A-86
percent leakage · A-69
percentage of oxygen · A-71
plateau pressure · A-70
pneumatics module · 2-8
positive end expiratory pressure · A-70
power supply specifications · 4-21
power supply system · 2-9
power-on problems · 9-1
pressure transducers · 2-9
R
rapid shallow breathing index · A-70
rear panel · 8-2
removal & installation
accumulator · 4-31
compressor · 4-15
driver transition board · 4-27
EPM board · 4-16
exhalation valve & flow sensor · 4-22
fan assembly · 4-18
internal batteries · 4-10
top cover micorswitch · 4-25
wheeled base · 4-10
replace gas inlet filters · 8-2
replace O2 filter · 8-2
replaceable fuses · 4-11
respiratory system resistance · A-71
routine maintenance
parts replaced annually · 8-1
S
safety information · 1-1
safety-over pressure system · 2-11
service calls · A-1
specifications
accessories · A-62
atmospheric & environmental · A-61
data input & output · A-56
electrical · A-55
physical dimensions · A-62
pneumatic · A-55
powersupply · 4-21
spontaneous breath rate · A-70
spontaneous minute volume · A-70
adjusted for patient weight · A-70
spontaneous tidal volume · A-69
adjusted for ideal body weight · A-69
static compliance · A-71
symbols · 1-4
T
TCA PCB · 2-9
theory of operation
detail design · 2-5
general · 2-1
high level design · 2-3
tools & equipment · 4-1, 4-32
touch screen · 2-6
transducer calibration
air inlet pressure · 7-16
blended gas pressure · 7-17
expiratory flow · 7-14
expiratory pressure · 7-11
O2 inlet pressure · 7-15
transformer · 9-1
troubleshooting · 9-1
V
vent inop · 9-1
vent inop alarm · 9-2
ventilator specifications · A-55
W
warnings · 1-1
I-2
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