MBE 900 OPERATOR`S GUIDE
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
To the Operator
This guide contains instructions on
the safe operation and preventive
maintenance of your Detroit Diesel
MBE 900 engine. Maintenance
instructions cover routine engine
services such as lube oil and filter
changes in enough detail to permit
self-servicing if desired.
The operator should become familiar
with the contents of this guide before
operating the engine or carrying out
maintenance procedures.
Power-driven equipment is only
as safe as the person operating the
controls. You are urged, as the
operator of this diesel engine, to keep
fingers and clothing away from the
revolving belts, drive shafts, etc. on
engine installation.
Throughout this guide CAUTIONS
regarding personal safety and
NOTICES regarding engine
performance or service life will
appear. To avoid personal injury and
ensure long engine service life, always
heed these instructions.
Whenever possible, it will benefit you
to rely on an authorized Detroit Diesel
service outlet for all your service
needs from maintenance to major
parts replacement. Authorized service
outlets worldwide stock factory
original parts and have the specialized
equipment and experienced, trained
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
personnel to provide prompt
preventive maintenance and skilled
engine repairs.
The information and specifications
in this publication are based on the
information in effect at the time of
approval for printing. Contact an
authorized Detroit Diesel service
outlet for information on the latest
revision. The right is reserved to
make changes at any time without
obligation.
NOTICE:
Coolant must be inhibited with
the recommended Supplemental
Coolant Additives (SCA) listed in
this guide. In addition, the engine
can be equipped with a coolant
filter/inhibitor system as an installed
option or as an after-sale item.
Failure to check and maintain SCA
levels at required concentrations will
result in severe damage corrosion
to the engine cooling system and
related components.
Trademark Information
Detroit Diesel®, DDEC®, and
Diagnostic Link® are registered
trademarks of Detroit Diesel
Corporation. Nexiq™ is a trademark
of Nexiq Technologies, Inc. All other
trademarks are the property of their
respective owners.
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
i
ii
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CAUTION SUMMARY ..........................................................................
ENGINE OPERATION .....................................................................
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE .......................................................
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ...................................................................
COOLING SYSTEM .........................................................................
AIR INTAKE SYSTEM ......................................................................
FUEL SYSTEM ................................................................................
COMPRESSED AIR .........................................................................
LUBRICATING OIL AND FILTERS ..................................................
1
1
2
4
6
6
7
9
9
IDENTIFICATION .................................................................................
PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS .....................................................
ENGINE CONVERSIONS AND MODIFICATIONS ..........................
GENERAL VIEW OF THE MBE 900 ENGINE .................................
ENGINE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER .............................................
DESCRIPTION OF THE ENGINE ....................................................
EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION .............................................
EXHAUST BRAKE/CONSTANT-THROTTLE VALVES,
OPTIONAL .......................................................................................
ELECTRONIC ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEM .................................
DDEC-ECU ..................................................................................
DDEC-VCU ..................................................................................
SENSOR LOCATIONS ....................................................................
10
13
14
14
21
22
23
OPERATION ........................................................................................
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE ................................................
CHECKING THE BATTERIES .....................................................
CHECKING THE OIL LEVEL .......................................................
CHECKING THE COOLANT LEVEL (COLD CHECK) ................
ADDING FUEL .............................................................................
PRIMING THE FUEL SYSTEM ...................................................
STARTING THE ENGINE ................................................................
CHECKING THE COOLANT LEVEL (HOT CHECK) ..................
STARTING AN ENGINE THAT HAS NOT BEEN RUN FOR AN
EXTENDED PERIOD ..................................................................
31
31
31
32
33
33
33
33
34
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
24
25
26
27
28
35
iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
MONITORING ENGINE OPERATION .............................................
BATTERY CHARGE ....................................................................
OIL PRESSURE ..........................................................................
EXCESSIVE IDLING ...................................................................
CHANGING THE IDLE SPEED .......................................................
SHUTTING DOWN THE ENGINE ...................................................
SHUTTING DOWN AFTER HARD OPERATION ........................
EMERGENCY RUNNING MODE ....................................................
STOP ENGINE OVERRIDE OPTION ..............................................
COLD WEATHER OPERATION ......................................................
WINTER FRONTS .......................................................................
36
36
36
37
37
37
37
38
38
39
39
CLEANING AND STORAGE ...............................................................
CLEANING THE ENGINE ................................................................
HIGH-PRESSURE CLEANING EQUIPMENT .............................
CLEANING THE COOLING SYSTEM .............................................
DEGREASING .............................................................................
STORAGE ........................................................................................
40
40
40
40
41
42
TROUBLESHOOTING .........................................................................
EMERGENCY STARTING ...............................................................
TROUBLESHOOTING THE ELECTRONIC ENGINE CONTROL
SYSTEM ..........................................................................................
GENERAL TROUBLESHOOTING ...................................................
43
43
43
43
SERVICE PRODUCTS .........................................................................
DIESEL FUELS ................................................................................
FLOW IMPROVERS ....................................................................
KEROSENE .................................................................................
ENGINE OILS ..................................................................................
EGR ENGINES ............................................................................
NON-EGR ENGINES ...................................................................
SYNTHETIC OILS .......................................................................
COOLANT ........................................................................................
FULLY-FORMULATED ANTIFREEZE .........................................
WATER ........................................................................................
COOLANT SPECIFICATIONS .....................................................
COOLANT CONCENTRATION ...................................................
56
56
56
56
57
57
58
58
58
58
59
59
59
iv
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
SUPPLEMENTAL COOLANT ADDITIVES FOR FULLY
FORMULATED COOLANT ..........................................................
DROPOUT ...................................................................................
DISPOSAL ...................................................................................
COLD WEATHER PRODUCTS .......................................................
WINTER-GRADE DIESEL FUEL .................................................
LOW-VISCOSITY ENGINE OIL ...................................................
WINTER COOLANT ANTIFREEZE PROTECTION ....................
BATTERIES .................................................................................
60
61
61
61
61
62
62
62
TECHNICAL DATA ..............................................................................
ENGINE DATA FOR EGR ENGINE .................................................
ENGINE DATA FOR NON-EGR ENGINE ........................................
TESTING AND ADJUSTING VALUES .............................................
64
65
66
67
MAINTENANCE ................................................................................... 68
SCHEDULED INTERVALS .............................................................. 68
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE TYPES ......................................... 68
SEVERE SERVICE ................................................................. 68
SHORT-HAUL ......................................................................... 69
LONG-HAUL ........................................................................... 69
OPERATING HOURS VS. FUEL CONSUMPTION (OIL DRAIN
INTERVAL ONLY) ................................................................... 69
UNIMOG .................................................................................. 69
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE AND INTERVAL
OPERATIONS ......................................................................... 69
MAINTENANCE INTERVALS ................................................. 69
MAINTENANCE OPERATION SETS ...................................... 70
SCHEDULE USE ............................................................................. 70
MAINTENANCE TABLES AND GRAPHS ........................................ 71
REQUIRED MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS ................................... 79
ENGINE INSPECTING ................................................................ 79
VALVE LASH CHECKING AND ADJUSTING ............................. 79
GAINING ACCESS TO THE VALVES ..................................... 80
METHOD ONE: ADJUST EACH CYLINDER IN FIRING
ORDER ................................................................................... 81
METHOD TWO: ADJUST ALL VALVES USING TWO
CRANKSHAFT POSITIONS ................................................... 82
CHECKING VALVE LASH ....................................................... 83
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
v
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ADJUSTING VALVE LASH ......................................................
RESTORING THE VEHICLE TO OPERATING CONDITION ..
FUEL PREFILTER ELEMENT CLEANING ......................................
MAIN FUEL FILTER ELEMENT CHANGING ..................................
ENGINE OIL AND FILTER CHANGING ..........................................
OIL CENTRIFUGE .......................................................................
COOLANT CONCENTRATION CHECKING ....................................
COOLANT FLUSHING AND CHANGING ........................................
COOLING SYSTEM INSPECTING ..................................................
CUSTOMER ASSISTANCE .................................................................
WORKING WITH DDC SERVICE OUTLETS ..................................
STEP ONE ...................................................................................
STEP TWO ..................................................................................
STEP THREE ..............................................................................
83
84
84
86
87
90
91
93
95
96
100
100
100
101
LIMITED WARRANTY ON NEW DETROIT DIESEL MBE 900
ENGINES USED IN ON-HIGHWAY VEHICLE APPLICATIONS ......... 102
TERMS OF COVERAGE ................................................................. 102
USES ........................................................................................... 102
DEFECTS .................................................................................... 102
REPAIRS ..................................................................................... 102
WARRANTY PERIOD .................................................................. 102
LIKE REPLACEMENT ENGINE .................................................. 103
SERVICE SUPPLIES .................................................................. 103
ENGINE REMOVAL AND REINSTALLATION ............................. 103
THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT COVER: ......................................... 103
REPAIRS DUE TO ACCIDENTS, MISUSE, STORAGE DAMAGE,
NEGLIGENCE OR CERTAIN MODIFICATIONS ......................... 103
MAINTENANCE ........................................................................... 104
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ...................... 104
OTHER LIMITATIONS ................................................................. 104
LIMITED WARRANTY ON NEW DETROIT DIESEL MBE 900
ENGINES USED IN SCHOOL BUS APPLICATIONS .........................
TERMS OF COVERAGE .................................................................
USES ...........................................................................................
DEFECTS ....................................................................................
REPAIRS .....................................................................................
vi
105
105
105
105
105
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
WARRANTY PERIOD .................................................................. 105
SERVICE SUPPLIES .................................................................. 106
LIKE REPLACEMENT ENGINE .................................................. 106
ENGINE REMOVAL AND REINSTALLATION ............................. 106
THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT COVER: ......................................... 106
REPAIRS DUE TO ACCIDENTS, MISUSE, STORAGE DAMAGE,
NEGLIGENCE OR CERTAIN MODIFICATIONS ......................... 106
MAINTENANCE ........................................................................... 107
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ...................... 107
OTHER LIMITATIONS ................................................................. 107
LIMITED WARRANTY ON NEW DETROIT DIESEL MBE
900 ENGINES USED IN FIRE TRUCK OR CRASH VEHICLE
APPLICATIONS ................................................................................... 108
TERMS OF COVERAGE ................................................................. 108
USES ........................................................................................... 108
DEFECTS .................................................................................... 108
REPAIRS ..................................................................................... 108
WARRANTY PERIOD .................................................................. 108
LIKE REPLACEMENT ENGINE .................................................. 109
SERVICE SUPPLIES .................................................................. 109
ENGINE REMOVAL AND REINSTALLATION ............................. 109
THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT COVER: ......................................... 109
REPAIRS DUE TO ACCIDENTS, MISUSE, STORAGE DAMAGE,
NEGLIGENCE OR CERTAIN MODIFICATIONS ......................... 109
MAINTENANCE ........................................................................... 110
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ...................... 110
OTHER LIMITATIONS ................................................................. 110
LIMITED WARRANTY ON NEW DETROIT DIESEL MBE 900
ENGINES USED IN UNIMOG APPLICATIONS ..................................
TERMS OF COVERAGE .................................................................
USES ...........................................................................................
DEFECTS ....................................................................................
REPAIRS .....................................................................................
WARRANTY PERIOD ..................................................................
LIKE REPLACEMENT ENGINE ..................................................
SERVICE SUPPLIES ..................................................................
ENGINE REMOVAL AND REINSTALLATION .............................
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
111
111
111
111
111
111
112
112
112
vii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT COVER: ......................................... 112
REPAIRS DUE TO ACCIDENTS, MISUSE, STORAGE DAMAGE,
NEGLIGENCE OR CERTAIN MODIFICATIONS ......................... 112
MAINTENANCE ........................................................................... 113
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ...................... 113
OTHER LIMITATIONS ................................................................. 113
viii
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
CAUTION SUMMARY
The following cautions must be
observed by the operator of the
vehicle or equipment in which this
engine is installed and/or by those
performing basic engine preventive
maintenance. Failure to read and heed
these cautions and exercise reasonable
care for personal safety and the
safety of others when operating the
vehicle/equipment or performing basic
engine preventive maintenance may
result in personal injury and engine
and/or vehicle/equipment damage.
Engine Operation
Observe the following cautions when
operating the engine.
PERSONAL INJURY
Diesel engine exhaust and some
of its constituents are known to
the State of California to cause
cancer, birth defects, and other
reproductive harm.
□ Always start and operate an
engine in a well ventilated
area.
□ If operating an engine in
an enclosed area, vent the
exhaust to the outside.
□ Do not modify or tamper
with the exhaust system or
emission control system.
FIRE
To avoid injury from fire, keep all
potential ignition sources away
from diesel fuel, including open
flames, sparks, and electrical
resistance heating elements. Do
not smoke when refueling.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
1
CAUTION SUMMARY
Preventive Maintenance
Observe the following cautions when
performing preventative maintenance.
HOT OIL
To avoid injury from hot oil, do
not operate the engine with the
rocker cover(s) removed.
PERSONAL INJURY
To avoid injury when working
near or on an operating engine
equipped with an hydraulic
clutch fan, remove loose items
of clothing and jewelry. Tie back
or contain long hair that could
be caught in any moving part
causing injury. The hydraulic fan
may start without warning.
PERSONAL INJURY
To avoid injury from slipping and
falling, immediately clean up any
spilled liquids.
USED ENGINE OIL
HOT COOLANT
To avoid scalding from the
expulsion of hot coolant, never
remove the cooling system
pressure cap while the engine is
at operating temperature. Wear
adequate protective clothing
(face shield, rubber gloves,
apron, and boots). Remove the
cap slowly to relieve pressure.
To avoid injury to skin from
contact with the contaminants in
used engine oil, wear protective
gloves and apron.
2
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
PERSONAL INJURY
FIRE
To avoid injury from the
projection of tools or other
objects that may fall on or behind
the vibration damper of an
engine, always check and remove
these items before starting the
engine.
To avoid injury from combustion
of heated lubricating-oil vapors,
stop the engine immediately if an
oil leak is detected.
FIRE
PERSONAL INJURY
To avoid injury from contact
with rotating parts when an
engine is operating with the air
inlet piping removed, install an
air inlet screen shield over the
turbocharger air inlet. The shield
prevents contact with rotating
parts.
To avoid injury from fire, do not
smoke or allow open flames when
working on an operating engine.
FIRE
To avoid injury from fire from a
buildup of volatile vapors, keep
the engine area well ventilated
during operation.
PERSONAL INJURY
To avoid injury when using
caustic cleaning agents, follow
the chemical manufacturers
usage, disposal, and safety
instructions.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
3
CAUTION SUMMARY
Electrical System
Observe the following cautions when
jump starting an engine, charging a
battery, or working with the vehicle
electrical system.
PERSONAL INJURY
To avoid injury from accidental
engine startup while servicing
the engine, disconnect/disable
the starting system.
Battery Explosion and Acid Burn
To avoid injury from battery
explosion or contact with battery
acid, work in a well ventilated
area, wear protective clothing,
and avoid sparks or flames near
the battery. If you come in contact
with battery acid:
□ Flush your skin with water.
□ Apply baking soda or lime to
help neutralize the acid.
□ Flush your eyes with water.
□ Get medical attention
immediately.
Electrical Shock
To avoid injury from electrical
shock, use care when connecting
battery cables. The magnetic
switch studs are at battery
voltage.
4
ELECTRICAL SHOCK
To avoid injury from electrical
shock, do not touch battery
terminals, alternator terminals, or
wiring cables while the engine is
operating.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Electrical Shock Hazard
High voltage can remain inside
the Electrostatic Oil Separator
after removal. Wait 30 minutes
after turning off the ignition
before removing the separator.
Never touch parts through
ventilation openings or impeller
opening with finger or conductive
items (e.g. screwdriver or wire).
High voltage can remain inside
the Electrostatic Oil Separator for
up to 12 hours after the ignition
is turned off.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
5
CAUTION SUMMARY
Cooling System
Air Intake System
Observe the following cautions when
servicing the cooling system.
Observe the following cautions when
working on the air intake system.
HOT COOLANT
PERSONAL INJURY
To avoid scalding from the
expulsion of hot coolant, never
remove the cooling system
pressure cap while the engine is
at operating temperature. Wear
adequate protective clothing
(face shield, rubber gloves,
apron, and boots). Remove the
cap slowly to relieve pressure.
To avoid injury from hot surfaces,
wear protective gloves, or allow
engine to cool before removing
any component.
PERSONAL INJURY
PERSONAL INJURY
To avoid injury from slipping and
falling, immediately clean up any
spilled liquids.
6
To avoid injury from contact
with rotating parts when an
engine is operating with the air
inlet piping removed, install an
air inlet screen shield over the
turbocharger air inlet. The shield
prevents contact with rotating
parts.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Fuel System
Observe the following cautions when
fueling the vehicle or working with
the fuel system.
PERSONAL INJURY
FIRE
To avoid injury from fire, keep all
potential ignition sources away
from diesel fuel, including open
flames, sparks, and electrical
resistance heating elements. Do
not smoke when refueling.
To avoid injury from fuel spills,
do not overfill the fuel tank.
FIRE
To avoid injury from fire, contain
and eliminate leaks of flammable
fluids as they occur. Failure to
eliminate leaks could result in
fire.
PERSONAL INJURY
To prevent the escape of high
pressure fuel that can penetrate
skin, ensure the engine has
been shut down for a minimum
of 10 minutes before servicing
any component within the high
pressure circuit. Residual high
fuel pressure may be present
within the circuit.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
7
CAUTION SUMMARY
FIRE
To avoid injury from fire caused
by heated diesel-fuel vapors:
□ Keep those people who are not
directly involved in servicing
away from the engine.
□ Stop the engine immediately if
a fuel leak is detected.
□ Do not smoke or allow open
flames when working on an
operating engine.
□ Wear adequate protective
clothing (face shield,
insulated gloves and apron,
etc.).
□ To prevent a buildup of
potentially volatile vapors,
keep the engine area well
ventilated during operation.
8
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Compressed Air
Observe the following cautions when
using compressed air.
FIRE
To avoid injury from fire, do not
smoke or allow open flames when
working on an operating engine.
EYE INJURY
To avoid injury from flying debris
when using compressed air, wear
adequate eye protection (face
shield or safety goggles) and do
not exceed 276 kPa (40 psi) air
pressure.
Lubricating Oil and Filters
Observe the following cautions when
replacing the engine lubricating oil
and filters.
FIRE
To avoid injury from fire from a
buildup of volatile vapors, keep
the engine area well ventilated
during operation.
PERSONAL INJURY
To avoid injury from slipping and
falling, immediately clean up any
spilled liquids.
FIRE
To avoid injury from combustion
of heated lubricating-oil vapors,
stop the engine immediately if an
oil leak is detected.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
9
IDENTIFICATION
IDENTIFICATION
The MBE 900 engine is built in
accordance with sound technological
principles and based on state-of-the-art
technology. It complies with all United
States Environmental Protection
Agency (USEPA) and California Air
Resources Board (CARB) emission
Figure 1
10
standards. An emission label is
attached to the cylinder head cover, as
required by law. See Figure 1 for the
emission label for the 6-cylinder EGR
model and Figure 2 for the 4-cylinder
EGR model.
Emission Label, 6–Cylinder EGR Engine
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Figure 2
Emission Label, 4–Cylinder EGR Engine
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
11
IDENTIFICATION
See Figure 3 for the emission label for
the 6-cylinder non-EGR model. .
Figure 3
12
Emission Label, Non–EGR 6-Cylinder
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
See Figure 4 for the 4-cylinder
non-EGR model
Figure 4
Emission Label, Non–EGR 4-Cylinder
Despite this, the engine may constitute
a risk of damage to property or
injury to persons under the following
conditions:
□ It is not used for its intended
purpose.
□ It is modified or converted in an
incorrect manner.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
□ The safety instructions included in
this manual are disregarded.
Personnel Requirements
Work on the engine should be carried
out only by skilled technicians who
have been instructed in the specific
skills necessary for the type of work
being performed.
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
13
IDENTIFICATION
Engine Conversions and
Modifications
General View of the MBE
900 Engine
The function and safety of the engine
could be affected if unauthorized
modifications are made. Detroit
Diesel will not accept responsibility
for any resulting damage.
The 2004 on-highway MBE 900
engine is equipped with an Exhaust
Gas Recirculation (EGR) system to
reduce engine exhaust gas emissions
in accordance with EPA regulations.
See Figure 5 for a right front view of
the MBE 900 EGR engine, 6-cylinder
model, and Figure 6 for a left rear
view.
Tampering with the fuel injection
system and engine electronics could
also affect the engine's power output or
exhaust emission levels. Compliance
with the manufacturer's settings
and with statutory environmental
protection regulations cannot then be
guaranteed.
The off-highway engine used
in construction and industrial
applications does not have an EGR
system. See Figure 7 for a front view
of the MBE 900 non-EGR engine,
6-cylinder model, and Figure 8 for
a side view of the 6-cylinder model
(right-hand side).
See Figure 9 for a front view of the
MBE 900 non-EGR engine, 4-cylinder
model, and Figure 9 for a rear view of
the 4-cylinder model.
14
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
1. Turbocharger
7. EGR Mixer
2. Starter Motor
8. Oil Fill Cap
3. Flywheel Housing
9. Oil Filter
4. Exhaust Manifold
10. Turbocharger Compressor Out
5. EGR Cooler
11. Belt Tensioner Assembly
6. Cylinder Head Cover
12. Oil Pan
Figure 5
Right Front View of the MBE 900 EGR Engine
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
15
IDENTIFICATION
1. Air Compressor
6. Oil Centrifuge
2. DDEC-ECU
7. EGR Mixer
3. Fuel Filter
8. Cylinder Head Cover
4. Thermostat Housing
9. Flywheel Housing
5. Oil Fill Cap
Figure 6
16
10. Oil Pan
Left Rear View of the MBE 900 EGR Engine
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
1. Fan
10. Cylinder Head Cover
2. Belt Tensioner
11. Fuel Filter
3. Alternator Pulley
12. Fuel Prefilter
4. Oil Filter
13. DDEC-ECU
5. Turbo Compressor Out
14. Air Compressor (optional)
6. Intake Manifold Inlet
15. Power-Steering Pump
7. Crankcase Breather
16. Oil Dipstick
8. Oil Fill Cap
17. Coolant Pump Pulley
9. Intake Manifold
Figure 7
Front View of 6–Cylinder MBE 900 Non-EGR Engine
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
17
IDENTIFICATION
1. Cylinder Head Cover
7. Alternator
2. Intake Manifold
8. Turbocharger
3. Exhaust Manifold
9. Starter Motor
4. Intake Manifold Inlet
10. Flywheel Housing
5. Oil Fill Cap
11. Exhaust Brake (optional)
6. Turbo Compressor Out
Figure 8
18
Side View of a 6–cylinder MBE 900 Non-EGR Engine
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
1. Cylinder Head Cover
9. Belt Tensioner
2. DDEC-ECU Control Unit
10. Alternator Pulley
3. Fuel Prefilter
11. Intake Manifold Inlet
4. Air Compressor (optional)
12. Turbo Compressor Out
5. Power-Steering Pump
13. Crankcase Breather
6. Oil Dipstick
14. Oil Fill Cap
7. Fuel Filter
15. Intake Manifold
8. Fan
Figure 9
Front View of 4–Cylinder MBE 900 Non-EGR Engine
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
19
IDENTIFICATION
1. Oil Fill Cap
7. Starter Motor
2. Turbo Compressor Outlet
8. Exhaust Brake (optional)
3. Intake Manifold Inlet
9. Flywheel Housing
4. Oil Filter
10. Exhaust Manifold
5. Alternator
11. Intake Manifold
6. Turbocharger
Figure 10
20
Rear View of 4–Cylinder MBE 900 Non-EGR Engine
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Engine Identification
Number
The engine identification numbers are
lasered in large font onto an enlarged
labeling surface on the rear right
crankcase. See Figure 11.
Figure 12
Engine Identification
Number
The last six numbers are the serial
numbers (310187 in Figure 12).
Figure 11
Location of Engine
Identification Number
See Figure 13 for an explanation of
the first six numbers found in the
engine identification number.
See Figure 12 for an example of the
numbers as they appear on the engine.
Figure 13
Engine Identification
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
21
IDENTIFICATION
NOTE:
In addition to the fourteen digit number
etched on the crankcase, there is a
ten digit number used for warranty
and service that is found on the
DDEC-ECU label. The ten digit
number is derived from the fourteen
digit number (see Figure 14).
Description of the Engine
All MBE 900 engines are
water-cooled, four-stroke,
direct-injection diesel engines.
The cylinders are arranged inline on
both the 6-cylinder and 4-cylinder
models. Each has a separate fuel
injection pump (unit pump) with a
short injection line to the injection
nozzle, which is located in the center
of the combustion chamber. The unit
pumps are attached to the crankcase
and are driven from the camshaft.
Each cylinder has two intake valves
and one exhaust valve.
Figure 14
22
Charge-air cooling and an exhaust gas
turbocharger are standard equipment
on all MBE 900 engines (charge
pressure limitation is optional).
The engine has a fully electronic
control system, which regulates the
fuel injection quantity and timing
using solenoid valves, allowing
extremely low-emission operation.
The control system consists of an
engine-resident pump and nozzle
control unit (the DDEC-ECU) and a
vehicle control unit (the DDEC-VCU).
The two are connected by a proprietary
datalink.
Engine braking is controlled by a
pneumatic and hydraulic (6-cylinder)
operated exhaust brake on the
turbocharger and by a constant-throttle
system (optional).
Engine Serial Number
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
The cylinder block has integrated
oil and water channels. The upper
section of the cylinder bore is
induction-hardened. The single-piece
cylinder head is made of cast
iron. The cylinder head gasket is a
medal-elastomere, adjustment-free
seal with Viton® sealing elements.
The pistons are made of aluminum
alloy with a shallow combustion
chamber recess. The pistons are
cooled by oil spray nozzles.
The crankshaft is precision-forged
with seven main bearings (five on
the 4-cylinder engine), six of which
have custom-forged counterweights
(four on the 4-cylinder engine), and a
vibration damper at the front end.
The camshaft is made of
case-hardened steel and has seven
main bearings (five on the 4-cylinder
engine). Each cylinder has cams for
intake and exhaust valves and a unit
pump.
The valves are controlled by
mushroom tappets, pushrods, and
rocker arms. The intake valves are
opened and closed by a valve-guided
bridge.
There is a force-feed lubricating oil
circuit supplied by a rotary oil pump.
This pump is positioned at the front
of the crankcase and driven by gears
from the crankshaft.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
The oil cooler is located near the front
of the crankcase on the right-hand side
near the water pump.
The gear-type fuel pump is bolted to
the front of the crankcase. The pump
is driven from the forward end of the
camshaft.
The air compressor, with a
power-steering pump attached,
is driven by a gear on the camshaft
(optional).
The vehicle is cooled by a closed
system using recirculated coolant;
temperature is regulated automatically
by a thermostat.
The alternator and coolant pump (and
any other accessories) are driven by a
belt with automatic belt tensioner.
Electrical equipment includes a starter
and an alternator.
Exhaust Gas Recirculation
The purpose of the Exhaust Gas
Recirculation (EGR) System is to
reduce engine exhaust gas emissions
in accordance with EPA regulations.
The EGR system consists of an EGR
cooler, EGR valve, reed valves (on the
MBE904/924/926 only), and an EGR
mixer.
The MBE 900 engines for on-highway
EPA 2004 regulation applications use
a cooled EGR system.
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
23
IDENTIFICATION
Exhaust gases from the front three
cylinders on six cylinder engines
(all four cylinders on four cylinder
engines) are routed from the exhaust
manifold through the EGR cooler,
past control and reed valves, and
mixed with the intake manifold charge
air. The addition of cooled exhaust
gases back into the combustion
airflow reduces the peak in cylinder
combustion temperature. Less oxides
of nitrogen (NOx) are produced at
lower combustion temperatures.
Exhaust
Brake/Constant-Throttle
Valves, Optional
To increase braking performance,
the engine can be equipped with an
exhaust brake on the turbocharger
in conjunction with constant-throttle
valves in the cylinder head. See Figure
15.
The two systems operate
independently of each other and
in combination.
Exhaust back pressure is used by the
exhaust brake to increase braking
performance. The constant-throttle
valves use the air that escapes through
them on the compression stroke to
provide braking force.
The constant-throttles valves are
small valves which are built into the
cylinder head and positioned opposite
the exhaust valve. When open, a link
is created between the combustion
chamber and the exhaust port.
When the engine brake is switched
on, the constant-throttle valves are put
under pressure, which in turn opens
the valves.
On the 6-cylinder model, the
constant-throttle valves are activated
by engine oil pressure. On 4-cylinder
engines, the constant-throttle valves
are activated by compressor air
pressure.
The engine brake is activated by the
DDEC-VCU and can be activated
only at engine speeds up to 2700 rpm.
Figure 15
24
Constant — Throttle
Activation
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Below 900 rpm, the engine brake
is always turned off to prevent the
engine from stalling. Also, the engine
brake is automatically turned off when
the accelerator pedal is pressed.
NOTE:
When in emergency running mode
(constant rpm), the engine brake can
be activated only when the engine is
in overrun. When constant rpm has
been attained, the engine brake is
automatically turned off.
Link® (DDDL) PC-based software or
minidiag2.
The engine control system monitors
both the engine and the datalink.
When a malfunction or other problem
is detected, the system selects an
appropriate response; for example,
the emergency running mode may be
activated.
Electronic Engine Control
System
The engine is equipped with a fully
electronic control system. Besides the
engine and its related sensors, this
system is composed of the following:
□ The DDEC-ECU (engine control
unit)
□ The DDEC-VCU (vehicle control
unit) located under the right-hand
dash panel
The two control units are connected by
a proprietary datalink through which
all necessary data and information can
be exchanged. See Figure 16.
The DDEC-VCU then broadcasts all
information on the J1587 and J1939
datalinks, where it can be read by
the Nexiq™ Diagnostic Data Reader
(DDR), Detroit Diesel Diagnostic
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
25
IDENTIFICATION
Figure 16
Electronic Engine Control System
DDEC-ECU
The DDEC-ECU (see Figure 17) is
located on the left-hand side of the
engine.
The DDEC-ECU processes the data
received from the DDEC-VCU, for
example the position of the accelerator
pedal, engine brake, etc.
Figure 17
26
DDEC-ECU
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
These data are evaluated together
with the data from the sensors on
the engine, such as coolant and
fuel temperature and oil and charge
pressure.
The data is then compared to the
characteristic maps or lines stored in
the DDEC-ECU. From these data,
quantity and timing of injection are
calculated and the unit pumps are
actuated accordingly through the
solenoid valves.
NOTE:
To obtain a replacement DDEC-ECU,
all the data given on the DDEC-ECU
label are required.
The DDEC-ECU data label has the 10
digit engine serial number (see Figure
14), the engine horse power and
torque.
DDEC-VCU
The DDEC-VCU communicates
with any other electronic control unit
installed on the vehicle over the J1587
data link. See Figure 18.
Data for specific applications is stored
in the DDEC-VCU. These include idle
speed, maximum running speed, and
speed limitation.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
Figure 18
DDEC-VCU
The DDEC-VCU receives data from
the following sources:
□ The operator (accelerator pedal
position, engine brake switch)
□ Other electronic control units
(for example, the anti-lock brake
system)
□ The DDEC—ECU (oil pressure
and coolant temperature)
From these data, instructions are
computed for controlling the engine
and transmitted to the DDEC-ECU via
the proprietary datalink.
The DDEC-VCU controls
various systems, for example,
communications with the datalink, the
engine brake, and the constant-throttle
valves.
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
27
IDENTIFICATION
Sensor Locations
See Figure 19 and Figure 20 for
sensor locations on the MBE 900
EGR engine. See Figure 21 for sensor
locations on the MBE 900 non-EGR
engine.
1. Intake Manifold Pressure/Temperature Sensor
CHEMICAL BURNS
To avoid injury from chemical
burns, wear a face shield and
neoprene or PVC gloves when
handling sensor hoses.
3. Engine Oil Pressure Sensor
2. Engine Oil Temperature Sensor
Figure 19
28
Sensor Location on the Right Side of the MBE 900 EGR Engine
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
1. EGR Temperature Sensor
4. Barometric Pressure Sensor
(integrated into DDEC-ECU)
2. Engine Coolant Temperature
Sensor
5. Camshaft Position Sensor (on
camshaft)
3. Supply Fuel Temperature Sensor
6. Crankshaft Position Sensor (on
timing case)
Figure 20
Sensor Location on the Left Side of the MBE 900 EGR Engine
NOTE:
The 6-cylinder engine is shown;
sensor locations are similar on the
4-cylinder engine.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
NOTE:
The Barometric Pressure Sensor is
integrated into the DDEC-ECU.
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
29
IDENTIFICATION
1. Engine Oil Pressure/Temperature
Sensor
5. Barometric Pressure Sensor
(integrated into DDEC-ECU)
2. Engine Coolant Temperature
Sensor
6. Camshaft Position Sensor (on
camshaft)
3. Intake Manifold Pressure/Temperature Sensor
7. Crankshaft Position Sensor (on
timing case)
4. Supply Fuel Temperature Sensor
Figure 21
Sensor Location on the MBE 900 Non-EGR Engine
NOTE:
The 6-cylinder engine is shown;
sensor locations are similar on the
4-cylinder engine.
30
NOTE:
The Engine Oil Level Sensor, if used,
is located at the bottom of the oil pan.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
OPERATION
Important: Before starting the engine,
do all the recommended pretrip
inspections and daily maintenance.
Check the engine oil and fuel levels,
and drain contaminants from the
fuel/water separator (optional).
Before Starting the Engine
NOTE:
If you drain the fuel/water separator
completely, you may have to prime the
fuel system.
Be sure you are familiar with all of
the instruments, gauges and controls
which are needed to operate the
engine.
Note especially the location and
function of the following:
□ Oil Pressure Gauge
□ Coolant Temperature Gauge
□ Low Oil Pressure/High Coolant
Temperature Warning Light
□ Water In Fuel Warning Light
□ Tachometer
□ Air Restriction Indicator
noises, or shows an unusual loss of
power, turn the engine off as soon
as possible and determine the cause.
Frequently, engine damage may be
avoided by a quick response to early
indications of problems.
If you are starting the engine in cold
weather, refer to "Cold Weather
Products" in the “Service Products”
section of this manual.
Checking the Batteries
Use only batteries that have been
correctly filled and serviced. To
provide corrosion protection, apply
dielectric grease, part number
48-02349-000, liberally to the
terminal pads. Approved suppliers are
listed in Table 1.
Manufacturer
Lubricant or
Part Number
Shell Oil, Co.
No. 71032; No.
71306
Texaco, Inc.
No. 955
Quaker State
No. NYK-77
Table 1
Approved Electrical
Lubricants
When starting the engine, and while
driving, watch for any signs of engine
problems. If the engine overheats,
uses excessive fuel or lubricating
oil, vibrates, misfires, makes unusual
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
31
OPERATION
Battery Explosion and Acid Burn
To avoid injury from battery
explosion or contact with battery
acid, work in a well ventilated
area, wear protective clothing,
and avoid sparks or flames near
the battery. If you come in contact
with battery acid:
□ Flush your skin with water.
□ Apply baking soda or lime to
help neutralize the acid.
□ Flush your eyes with water.
□ Get medical attention
immediately.
Checking the Oil Level
Figure 22
Oil Dipstick
2. If necessary, top off by filling
engine oil through the oil fill
collar (see Figure 23) until the
maximum fill level on the oil
dipstick (see Figure 22) has been
reached. For detailed procedures,
refer to the ”Maintenance”
section. Do not overfill.
Check the oil level as follows:
1. Check the oil level using the oil
dipstick (see Figure 22).
PERSONAL INJURY
To avoid injury from slipping and
falling, immediately clean up any
spilled liquids.
32
Figure 23
Oil Fill Collar
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Checking the Coolant Level
(Cold Check)
Check the coolant level as follows:
1. Ensure that all coolant plugs in
the bottom of the radiator and on
the radiator outlet pipe are secure
and tight.
2. Check the coolant level. The
cooling system is correctly filled
when the coolant is between the
maximum and minimum marks
on the surge tank.
NOTE:
For more information, refer to the
”Maintenance” section.
Adding Fuel
Note the following when adding fuel:
□ Add winter or summer grade fuel
according to the season of the
year.
□ Work in the cleanest conditions
possible.
□ Prevent water from entering the
fuel tank. For further information
refer to “Diesel Fuels” in “Service
Products.”
NOTICE:
Correct torque on the high pressure
lines is critical. Incorrect torques
could result in leaks or lack of power
due to restricted fuel flow.
1. Make sure that all high-pressure
and low-pressure lines are
securely tightened.
2. If equipped with a hand pump on
the fuel/water separator, work the
hand pump 50 times.
3. Crank the engine for 30 seconds
at a time, but no longer. Before
cranking the engine again, wait
at least two minutes. The engine
should start within six 30-second
attempts.
Starting the Engine
Before operating the engine, follow
the steps described in the “Before
Starting the Engine” section. Start the
engine as follows:
NOTE:
As a safety function, the electronic
engine control system may be wired to
start the engine only if the transmission
is in neutral. This is vehicle application
specific.
Priming the Fuel System
Prime the fuel system as follows:
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
33
OPERATION
NOTICE:
Never attempt to start the
Mercedes-Benz MBE 900 engine
using ether or any other starting
fluid. Serious engine damage could
result.
5. Approximately five minutes after
shutdown, check the engine oil
level. If necessary, add oil up to
the maximum fill level on the oil
dipstick (see Figure 24). Do not
overfill.
1. Turn on the ignition switch.
2. With the accelerator pedal in the
idle position, start the engine.
PERSONAL INJURY
To avoid injury when working
near or on an operating engine,
remove loose items of clothing
and jewelry. Tie back or contain
long hair that could be caught in
any moving part causing injury.
3. Check the engine for leaks.
[a] Check all hoses, hose clamps,
and pipe unions on the engine
for tightness. Shut down the
engine and tighten them if
necessary.
Figure 24
Oil Dipstick
6. Check all the mounting fasteners
and belts on the engine for
tightness.
Checking the Coolant Level (Hot
Check)
Check coolant level as follows:
1. Allow the engine to run for
approximately five minutes at a
moderate speed.
[b] Check the oil feed and return
lines at the turbocharger for
tightness. Shut down the
engine and tighten them if
necessary.
4. Shut down the engine.
34
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
HOT COOLANT
To avoid scalding from the
expulsion of hot coolant, never
remove the cooling system
pressure cap while the engine is
at operating temperature. Wear
adequate protective clothing
(face shield, rubber gloves,
apron, and boots). Remove the
cap slowly to relieve pressure.
2. Then, with the coolant
temperature above 50°C (122°F),
recheck the coolant level.
3. Add more coolant if necessary.
Open the heater valves before
adding coolant.
4. Do not close the heater valves
until the engine has been run
briefly and the coolant level
again checked and corrected as
necessary.
Starting an Engine That Has
Not Been Run for an Extended
Period
Before starting an engine which has
not been run for an extended period,
certain special work must be carried
out. Refer to “Storage,” under
“Cleaning and Storage.”
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
Important: At outside temperatures
below –20°C (– 4°F), a coolant
preheater is recommended.
1. Chock the tires, place the
transmission in neutral, and set
the parking brake.
2. Turn on the ignition switch and
start the engine
3. If the engine doesn't start after
20 seconds, stop. Try again after
waiting about one minute.
NOTICE:
Do not rev the engine if the oil
pressure gauge indicates no
oil pressure. To avoid engine
damage, shut down the engine
if no oil pressure appears within
approximately ten seconds. Check
to determine the cause of the
problem.
4. Monitor the oil pressure gauge
immediately after starting the
engine.
NOTE:
Do not place the engine under full load
until it reaches operating temperature.
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
35
OPERATION
Monitoring Engine
Operation
While the engine is operating, monitor
the battery charge indicator light,
the oil pressure and avoid excessive
idling.
Battery Charge
The battery charge indicator light
(see Figure 25) must go out once the
engine starts.
FIRE
To avoid injury from fire, keep all
potential ignition sources away
from diesel fuel, including open
flames, sparks, and electrical
resistance heating elements. Do
not smoke when refueling.
1. Shut down the engine.
2. Check the poly-V belt for
tightness.
3. Do a load test on the batteries.
Charge or replace the batteries as
needed.
Figure 25
Battery Charge Indicator
Light
If the indicator light comes on
while the engine is running, do the
following:
4. If necessary, visit the nearest
authorized dealer to have the
alternator voltage and output
checked.
Oil Pressure
When the engine has reached its
normal operating temperature, the
engine oil pressure must not drop
below the following values:
□ 36 psi (250 kPa) at rated speed
□ 7 psi (50 kPa) at idling speed
If oil pressure drops below these
values, stop the engine and determine
the cause.
36
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Excessive Idling
Never allow the engine to idle for
more than 30 minutes. Excessive
idling can cause oil to leak from the
turbocharger.
Changing the Idle Speed
The rpm range of the MBE 900
engine is 600 rpm to 850 rpm if the
parameters in the DDEC-VCU are set
to the default range.
Change the idling speed as follows:
1. Turn the cruise control switch to
the OFF position.
2. To increase the idle speed, push
the "Resume" switch until the idle
is fast enough.
3. To decrease the idle speed, push
the "Decel" switch until the idle
is slow enough.
□ Engine power and rpm fall, even
though the accelerator pedal
remains steady.
□ The exhaust pipe gives off heavy
smoke.
□ The coolant and/or oil temperature
climb abnormally.
□ Abnormal sounds suddenly occur
in the engine or turbocharger.
Shutting Down After Hard
Operation
NOTICE:
After hard operation, if the engine
has been running at full output or the
coolant temperature has been high,
allow the engine to idle for one to
two minutes without load. Shutting
down the engine without idling may
cause damage to the turbocharger.
Shutting Down the Engine
If the engine has been running at full
output or the coolant temperature has
been high, allow the engine to idle
for one to two minutes without load.
Then turn off the ignition key switch.
Turn off the ignition switch and shut
down the engine.
If any the following occur, shut down
the engine immediately.
□ The oil pressure swings back and
forth or falls sharply.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
37
OPERATION
Emergency Running Mode
The engine is equipped with the
electronic engine control system,
which monitors the engine as it is
running.
As soon as a fault is detected, it is
evaluated and one of the following
measures is initiated.
NOTICE:
To prevent possible serious engine
damage, have any faults corrected
without delay by an authorized
dealer.
□ In conjunction with the
instrumentation control unit
(ICU), the code for the electronic
control unit reporting the fault
can be read immediately on the
display.
Stop Engine Override
Option
The Stop Engine Override Option is
used for a momentary override. The
DDEC-ECU will record the number
of times the override is activated after
a fault occurs.
Momentary Override – A Stop
Engine Override (SEO) switch
is used to override the shutdown
sequence (see Figure 26). This
override resets the 60 second (30
seconds for oil pressure) shutdown
timer, restoring power to the level
when the Red Stop Lamp (RSL) was
illuminated. The switch must be
recycled after five seconds to obtain a
subsequent override.
□ Complete fault codes are
transmitted and can be read using
ServiceLink at any authorized
dealer.
□ If the fault is serious enough to
impair normal operation, the
electronic engine system switches
over to emergency running mode.
When in emergency running
mode, the engine operates at a
constant 1300 rpm. This allows
you to move the vehicle to a
service location.
38
Figure 26
Typical SEO Switch and
Warning Lamps
NOTE:
The operator has the responsibility to
take action to avoid engine damage.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Cold Weather Operation
Special precautions must be taken
during cold weather. To protect
your engine, special cold weather
handling is required for fuel, engine
oil, coolant, and batteries. For detailed
information, refer to the service
manual.
Winter Fronts
A winter front may be used to improve
cab heating while idling. At least 25%
of the grill opening should remain
open in sectioned stripes that run
perpendicular to the charge air cooler
tube flow direction. This assures even
cooling across each tube and reduces
header to tube stress and possible
failure. Winter fronts should only be
used when the ambient temperature
remains below –12.2° C (10° F).
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
39
CLEANING AND STORAGE
CLEANING AND STORAGE
When an engine is to be stored for a
period of time, special precautions
should be taken to protect the interior
and exterior of the engine.
Cleaning the Engine
After cleaning, and especially
when using a high-pressure jet or
grease-removing agent, lubricate
the engine. Information on suitable
cleaning and protective products is
available from any authorized dealer.
Important: Observe all environmental
protection regulations.
Cleaning the Cooling
System
High-Pressure Cleaning
Equipment
Important: Collect the used coolant,
cleaning solutions, and washing
liquids. Dispose of them in accordance
with applicable laws regarding the
protection of the environment.
Note the equipment manufacturer's
operating instructions.
NOTICE:
NOTICE:
To prevent damage to engine
components during the cleaning
process, keep the water moving
at all times. Never direct water
onto electrical components, plug
connectors, seals or flexible hoses.
Clean at moderate pressures only;
otherwise the fins of the radiator
grille could be damaged.
Comply with the minimum working
distance between the high-pressure
nozzle and the surface being cleaned:
□ Approximately 700 mm (28 in.)
for circular pattern jets
□ Approximately 300 mm (12 in.)
for 25-degree flat jets and dirt
cutters
40
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Clean as follows:
EYE INJURY
To avoid injury from flying debris
when using compressed air, wear
adequate eye protection (face
shield or safety goggles) and do
not exceed 276 kPa (40 psi) air
pressure.
1. Remove debris (dust, insects,
etc.) from the fins of the radiator
grille by blowing them through
with compressed air or spraying
them out with water. Work from
the rear of the radiator (in the
opposite direction of the normal
cooling air flow).
2. Drain the coolant when
the engine is cold. For
detailed procedures, see the
vehicle/chassis maintenance
manual. For types of coolant,
refer to “Coolant” in the “Service
Products” section.
3. If the HVAC unit is connected
to the cooling system, open the
regulating valves all the way.
Degreasing
Degrease as follows:
1. Fill the cooling system with a 5%
solution (1.6 ounces per quart of
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
water—50 grams per liter) of a
mildly alkaline cleaning agent,
such as sodium carbonate.
2. Run the engine at moderate speed
until the thermostat starts to open,
at an operating temperature of
approximately 80°C (176°F).
Then run it for about five minutes
longer. Shut down the engine and
allow it to cool to approximately
50°C (112°F).
HOT COOLANT
To avoid scalding from the
expulsion of hot coolant, never
remove the cooling system
pressure cap while the engine is
at operating temperature. Wear
adequate protective clothing
(face shield, rubber gloves,
apron, and boots). Remove the
cap slowly to relieve pressure.
3. Drain all the cleaning solution.
4. Flush the cleaning solution from
the cooling system.
[a] Immediately after draining
the cleaning solution, flush
the system with clean water.
[b] Once the clean water has
drained, fill the system again
with clean water.
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
41
CLEANING AND STORAGE
[c] Run the engine. Allow
the engine to warm up to
approximately 80°C (176°F),
and then run it about five
minutes longer.
[d] Drain the hot water.
5. Fill the cooling system with new
coolant. For detailed procedures,
see the vehicle/chassis
maintenance manual. For types
of coolant, refer to “Coolant” in
the “Service Products” section.
If the engine is to be out of service
for over 12 months, or under
extraordinary storage or transportation
conditions, then special protective
measures are necessary. Information
is available from any authorized
dealer. It is strongly recommended
that you request this information.
Important: If the engine is to be out
of service for over 18 months, the oil
must be changed before the engine
can be brought back into service.
Storage
Required protective measures for
the MBE 900 engine depend on the
following:
□ The length of time that the engine
will be out of service
□ The climate and conditions where
the engine is stored
After cleaning, engines should,
whenever possible, be placed in a dry,
well-ventilated area.
In all cases, protect the engine
against direct exposure to moisture
(rain/splash water).
If the engine is to be out of service
for 12 months or less, anticorrosion
measures are not necessary, provided
that the place of storage are dry and
well-ventilated as described above.
42
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
TROUBLESHOOTING
In addition to operating the engine
carefully and maintaining it properly,
make sure to correct any malfunction
promptly.
Emergency Starting
For emergency starting procedures
(jump starting), see the
driver's/operator's manual under
the heading "Emergency Starting With
Jumper Cables."
General Troubleshooting
The tables that follow are designed
to identify the causes of common
problems, suggest further checks and
appropriate remedies. When dealer
service is necessary, it is mentioned
in the table.
NOTE:
Remember to follow all cautions when
troubleshooting the engine.
Troubleshooting the
Electronic Engine Control
System
When the electronic engine control
system detects a fault, it broadcasts
a message on the datalink. The dash
display will show the code "ECU
128," indicating there is an engine
fault.
Important: To read the complete
fault code, bring the vehicle to an
authorized dealer. Complete fault
codes can be read using ServiceLink.
For fault codes and their meanings,
see the service/workshop manual.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
43
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem - The Engine Will Not Crank
Cause
Remedy
The batteries are damaged or weak.
Test the batteries. Replace them, if
needed.
The ignition switch is damaged.
Replace the ignition switch.
The battery cables are damaged
and/or corroded.
Replace the battery cables.
The starter is damaged and/or worn.
Have an authorized dealer replace the
starter.
The clutch or transmission is
damaged.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
There is internal damage to the
engine.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
Problem—The Engine Turns Over Slowly
Cause
Remedy
The batteries are damaged or weak.
Test the batteries. Replace them, if
needed.
The ignition switch is damaged.
Replace the ignition switch.
The battery cables are damaged
and/or corroded
Replace the battery cables.
The starter is damaged and/or worn.
Have an authorized dealer replace the
starter.
The engine oil does not meet the
correct specifications.
Change the engine oil, using the
correct type of oil.
The transmission fluid does not meet
the correct specifications.
Change the transmission fluid, using
the correct type of fluid.
44
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Problem—The Engine Cranks, But Won't Start
Cause
Remedy
The batteries are damaged or weak.
Test the batteries. Replace them, if
needed.
The cranking speed is not set correctly.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
No intake air preheater is installed,
and it is too cold to start without one.
Install an intake air preheater.
The intake air preheater is
malfunctioning.
Check the intake air preheater, and
replace it, if necessary.
The camshaft TDC sensor and/or the
crank angle position sensor are out of
adjustment.
Push both sensors into their holes as
far as they will go. If this does not
solve the problem, bring the vehicle to
an authorized dealer for service.
The camshaft TDC sensor and/or
the crank angle position sensor are
damaged.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
There is air in the fuel system.
Check the fuel lines for leaks. Bleed
the fuel system and start the engine
according to the instructions in the
service manual.
The air filter is clogged.
Clean or replace the air filter.
The fuel filter is clogged.
Replace the filter element.
The exhaust brake valve is
malfunctioning.
Have an authorized dealer check the
operation of the valve.
The valves are not adjusted properly.
Check the valve lash.
There are other problems in the fuel
system.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
Coolant level is too low.
Check for leaks, add coolant to correct
level.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
45
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem—The Engine Starts Only After Cranking for a Long Time
Cause
Remedy
The fuel tank is low or empty.
Add fuel and bleed the fuel system, if
necessary.
There are leaks in the fuel lines.
Check the fuel lines for leaks and
repair them, if necessary.
The fuel filter is clogged.
Replace the filter element.
The fuel line, the fuel prefilter, or the
screen in the fuel tank is blocked.
Clean and bleed the system. Have
the fuel lines and filters checked by an
authorized dealer.
The camshaft TDC sensor and/or the
crank angle position sensor are out of
adjustment.
Push both sensors into their holes as
far as they will go. If this does not
solve the problem, bring the vehicle to
an authorized dealer for service.
The camshaft TDC sensor and/or
the crank angle position sensor are
damaged.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
There are other problems in the fuel
system.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
46
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Problem—The Engine Starts, But Dies
Cause
Remedy
The fuel tank is low or empty.
Add fuel and bleed the fuel system, if
necessary.
The fuel filter is clogged.
Replace the filter element.
The fuel line, the fuel prefilter, or the
screen in the fuel tank is blocked.
Clean and bleed the system. Have
the fuel lines and filters checked by an
authorized dealer.
The camshaft TDC sensor and/or the
crank angle position sensor are out of
adjustment.
Push both sensors into their holes as
far as they will go. If this does not
solve the problem, bring the vehicle to
an authorized dealer for service.
The camshaft TDC sensor and/or
the crank angle position sensor are
damaged.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
The constant-throttle valves are
malfunctioning.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
There are other problems in the fuel
system.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
Problem—The Engine Fan Doesn't Work
Cause
Remedy
The fan hub is damaged.
Replace the fan hub.
The fan wiring is damaged.
Repair the fan wiring.
The parameter settings in the
DDEC-ECU or DDEC-VCU are
incorrect.
Have an authorized dealer reprogram
the control unit.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
47
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem—The Engine Fan Is Constantly On
Cause
Remedy
The fan override switch is on.
Check the operation of the fan override
switch.
The fan hub is damaged.
Replace the fan hub
The parameter settings in the
DDEC-ECU or DDEC-VCU are
incorrect.
Have an authorized dealer reprogram
the control unit.
Problem—Fuel Consumption Is Too High
Cause
Remedy
The tires are not properly inflated.
Check all tires for correct pressure.
The air filter and/or intake air system
is clogged.
Check the air restriction indicator.
Clean the intake air system and
replace the air filter if necessary.
The fuel filter is clogged.
Replace the filter element.
The exhaust brake valve is
malfunctioning.
Have an authorized dealer check the
operation of the valve.
The engine performs poorly, or does
not develop full power.
The remedies are listed in -48"The
Engine Performs Poorly, Does Not
Develop Full Power” in this section.
48
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Problem—The Engine Performs Poorly, Does Not
Develop Full Power
Cause
Remedy
The air filter and/or intake air system
is clogged.
Check the air restriction indicator.
Clean the intake air system and
replace the air filter if necessary.
The exhaust brake valve is
malfunctioning.
Have an authorized dealer check the
operation of the valve.
The fuel filter is clogged.
Replace the filter element.
There are other problems with the fuel
system.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
The valves are not adjusted properly
Check the valve lash.
The coolant temperature sensor is
damaged or reading incorrectly.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
The fuel temperature sensor is
damaged or reading incorrectly.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
The engine oil temperature sensor is
damaged or reading incorrectly.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
The charge-air temperature sensor is
damaged or reading incorrectly.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
There are problems with the
DDEC-ECU or DDEC-VCU.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
There is internal damage to the
engine.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
49
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem—The Engine Is in Emergency Running Mode
(constant speed 1,300 rpm)
Cause
The DDEC-ECU or DDEC-VCU
or sensor(s), solenoids and other
electronic parts are damaged.
Remedy
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
Problem—The Coolant Temperature Is Above Normal
Cause
Remedy
The coolant level is too low.
Check for coolant leaks, and repair as
needed.
The poly-V belt is loose.
Tighten or replace the poly-V belt.
The coolant temperature gauge and/or
sensor is not reading correctly.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
The radiator is damaged or dirty.
Clean the radiator. Repair or replace
the radiator if necessary.
The coolant pump is damaged.
Have an authorized dealer replace the
coolant pump.
The thermostat is damaged.
Have an authorized dealer replace the
coolant pump.
The fan is not operating properly.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer and have the fan hub checked.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer and have the parameter
settings reprogrammed in the
DDEC-ECU or DDEC-VCU.
50
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Problem—The Coolant Temperature Is Below Normal
Cause
Remedy
The coolant temperature gauge and/or
sensor is not reading correctly.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
The thermostat is damaged.
Have an authorized dealer replace the
thermostat.
The fan is not operating properly.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer and have the fan hub checked.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer and have the parameter
settings reprogrammed in the
DDEC-ECU or DDEC-VCU.
Problem—The Cooling System Is Losing Coolant
Cause
Remedy
There is an external coolant leak.
Repair the leaking component.
The radiator cap is leaking.
Replace the radiator cap.
The air compressor head is damaged.
Have an authorized dealer replace the
air compressor.
The cylinder head gasket is leaking.
Have an authorized dealer replace the
head gasket.
Top tank is leaking.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer.
EGR system has an internal leak.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
51
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem—There Is Coolant in the Engine Oil
Cause
Remedy
The cylinder head gasket is damaged.
Have an authorized dealer replace the
head gasket.
The oil/water heat exchanger is
leaking.
Have an authorized dealer replace the
heat exchanger.
There is an internal coolant leak.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
Problem—There Is Foam in the Engine Oil
Cause
Remedy
The oil level is too low or too high.
Correct the oil level.
The oil has not been changed within
the recommended interval.
Change the oil.
The oil is not of the recommended
quality.
Change the oil.
Problem—The Engine Oil Pressure Is Low
Cause
Remedy
The oil pressure gauge and/or sensor
is not reading correctly.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
There is fuel in the oil.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
The oil filter is clogged.
Replace the filter element.
The oil filter bypass valve is damaged.
Replace the bypass valve.
The oil pump and/or relief valve is
damaged.
Have an authorized dealer replace the
oil pump.
52
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Problem—The Engine Exhaust Is White
Cause
Remedy
The fuel is of poor quality.
Add fuel of the right quality.
The intake air preheater is
malfunctioning.
Check the intake air preheater, and
replace it, if necessary.
The valves are not adjusted properly.
Check the valve lash.
Problem—The Engine Exhaust Is Black
Cause
Remedy
The air filter and/or intake air system
is clogged.
Check the air restriction indicator.
Clean the intake air system and
replace the air filter if necessary.
The exhaust brake valve is
malfunctioning.
Have an authorized dealer check the
operation of the valve.
The intake air preheater is
malfunctioning.
Check that the heater is not staying on
all of the time.
The valves are not adjusted properly.
Check the valve lash.
There is damage to the fuel system:
the fuel pump, one or more fuel
injectors, or one or more unit pumps
are damaged.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
The charge-air temperature sensor is
damaged.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
There is internal damage to the
engine.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
53
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem—The Engine Exhaust Is Blue
Cause
Remedy
The engine oil level is too high
(engine oil is reaching the combustion
chamber).
Adjust the oil level, and then have the
oil level checked by an authorized
dealer.
The turbocharger is leaking oil.
Have an authorized dealer replace the
turbocharger
The valve stem seals are loose or
damaged.
Have an authorized dealer replace the
seals.
The piston rings are worn.
Have an authorized dealer replace the
piston rings.
Problem—Engine Brake Performance Is Poor
Cause
Remedy
The engine brake control switch is
damaged.
Replace the switch
The exhaust brake is not operating
properly.
Have an authorized dealer check the
operation of the valve.
The constant-throttle valves are
malfunctioning.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
Components of the DDEC-ECU and/or
DDEC-VCU are damaged.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
Problem—Cruise Control Is Not Working
Cause
Remedy
One or more of the cruise control
switches are damaged.
Replace the damaged switch.
Components of the DDEC-ECU and/or
DDEC-VCU are damaged or not
working properly.
Bring the vehicle to an authorized
dealer for service.
54
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Problem—The Battery Charge Indicator Light Does Not
Come On When the Engine Is Not Running
Remedy
Cause
The bulb is damaged.
Change the bulb.
The circuit is broken.
Repair the break in the circuit.
Problem—The Battery Charge Indicator Light Comes
On When the Engine is Running
Cause
Remedy
The poly-V belt is too loose.
Check the belt tension; if necessary,
have an authorized dealer replace the
belt tensioner.
The belt tensioner is damaged.
Have an authorized dealer replace the
belt tensioner.
The poly-V belt is worn or damaged.
Replace the belt.
The alternator is damaged (has a
damaged rectifier or voltage regulator).
Have an authorized dealer replace the
alternator.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
55
SERVICE PRODUCTS
SERVICE PRODUCTS
Use only the DDC recommended
lubricants discussed in this section.
Additional information is available
from any authorized dealer.
Do not use special lubricant additives.
None are needed, and the use of
additives could affect warranty
coverage.
Important: Dispose of service
products in an environmentally
responsible manner. This includes any
parts which have been in contact with
them (for example, filters). Reclaim
them or recycle them, if possible,
and be sure to comply with all legal
disposal requirements.
Diesel Fuels
Use only commercially available
vehicle diesel fuel. Grades such as
marine diesel fuel, heating oil, and
others are not permissible.
Do not use fuel additives. Using fuel
additives could affect your warranty.
Only low sulfur diesel fuel should
be used for EGR engines (sulfur
content = 0.05 percent by weight).
For non-EGR engines if you are
using diesel fuel with a high sulphur
content, exceeding 0.5 percent by
weight, change the engine oil at
shorter intervals. Comply with the
instructions in the service manual.
56
Fuel added from drums or cans could
be contaminated. This could lead
to malfunctions in the fuel system.
Always filter the fuel before adding it
to the tank. Ensure there is no water
in the fuel.
For information about fuel in cold
weather operation, refer to the section
“Winter-Grade Diesel Fuel" later in
this chapter.
Flow Improvers
The effectiveness of flow improvers is
not guaranteed with all fuels. Comply
with the product manufacturer's
recommendations. Any authorized
dealer can provide information on
approved flow improvers.
Kerosene
Keep the quantity added as low as
possible, bearing in mind the outside
temperature.
The addition of five percent by
volume of kerosene will improve
the fuel's resistance to cold by about
1°C (1.8°F). Never add more than 50
percent kerosene to the fuel.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
NOTICE:
For safety reasons, add the
kerosene to the diesel only in the
fuel tank. Add the kerosene first,
then the diesel. Run the engine for
a short time to allow the mixture to
reach all parts of the fuel system.
Engine Oils
The engine is delivered from the
factory filled with an approved engine
oil.
NOTICE:
The use of non-approved engine
oils could affect warranty rights, and
cause engine damage.
To ensure long and trouble-free
service, it is important to select oil
of the correct viscosity and service
designation.
EGR Engines
Only multigrade oils of American
Petroleum Institute (API) service
designation CI-4 will achieve proper
performance for the cooled EGR
engines. Detroit Diesel POWER
GUARD oils meet this specification
and are recommended. Look for
the service mark printed on the oil
container. See Figure 27.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
Figure 27
API Lubricant Service
Mark
When maintenance work is performed,
record engine oil changes including
details of the brand used, the
quality category, and the Society
of Automotive Engineers (SAE)
viscosity rating of the oil. When
topping off, use only engine oils
of the correct API designation
and SAE rating. Detroit Diesel
POWER GUARD oils meet these
specifications.
For information about oil in cold
weather operation, see the heading
"Low-Viscosity Engine Oil" later in
this chapter.
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
57
SERVICE PRODUCTS
Non-EGR Engines
API CI-4 or CH-4 oils are
recommended for use in all non-EGR
engines. These oils are intended for
engines with open breather systems.
Detroit Diesel POWER GUARD
oils meet these specifications and are
recommended.
added. For reasons of anticorrosion
protection and to raise the boiling
point, the coolant with a minimum
50% of antifreeze must remain in the
cooling system all year round.
Regardless of mileage, replace
the coolant every two years since
the degree of corrosion protection
gradually drops with time.
Synthetic Oils
Synthetic oil may be used in MBE
900 engines, provided they are of the
correct API designation and viscosity,
as required for non-synthetic oil.
Synthetic oil offers improved
low-temperature flow properties
and high-temperature resistance to
oxidation. However, it is generally
more costly than non-synthetic oil.
Review carefully the product
information published by the synthetic
oil manufacturer. Performance
additive systems often respond
differently in synthetic oil. Use of
synthetic oil does not change the
recommended oil change service
interval.
Coolant
Coolant is a mixture of water and
antifreeze. Under normal conditions,
it is a mixture of 50 percent water
and 50 percent antifreeze, but under
extreme cold weather conditions, as
much as 60 percent antifreeze can be
58
Fully-Formulated Antifreeze
Antifreeze approved for use in the
MBE 900 engine is a mixture of
glycol compounds (either ethylene
glycol or propylene glycol), and
corrosion inhibitors. Antifreeze
containing glycol compounds and
corrosion inhibitors is known as
fully-formulated antifreeze.
Fully-formulated antifreeze has the
following properties:
□ It protects the radiator and engine
from freezing.
□ It provides protection against
corrosion and cavitation for all
components in the cooling system.
□ It raises the boiling point of the
coolant. This slows the rate of
evaporation, avoiding coolant loss
at high temperatures.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Water
Coolant Specifications
Water containing no additives is
not suitable as a coolant, even if no
antifreeze protection is needed.
To avoid damage to the cooling
system, use only an approved
corrosion-inhibiting antifreeze.
Approved antifreeze must be
fully-formulated and comply with
the requirements of the Truck
Maintenance Council (TMC). Coolant
specifications are listed in Table
2. Detroit Diesel POWER COOL
products meet these specifications
and are recommended.
The water used in the coolant must
comply with certain requirements,
which are not always satisfied by
drinking water. If water quality is
inadequate, the water must undergo
suitable treatment.
The following types of water are
preferred for use in coolant:
□ Distilled water
Coolant Concentration
□ Water purified by reverse osmosis
When topping off the cooling system
after a drop in the coolant level, the
concentration of corrosion-inhibiting
antifreeze in the coolant must be
50 percent by volume. This affords
protection down to a temperature of
–37°C(–34°F). The cooling mixing
ratio is listed in Table 3.
□ De-ionized water
NOTICE:
In some areas, tap water can
contain high levels of dissolved
chlorides, sulfates, magnesium, and
calcium, causing scale deposits,
sludge deposits and/or corrosion.
These deposits can damage the
coolant pump and allow the engine
to overheat.
Type of Coolant
Requirement
Fully-Formulated Ethylene Glycol
TMC RP-329 Type "A"
Fully-Formulated Propylene Glycol
TMC RP-330 Type "A"
Water plus Corrosion Inhibitors
Temperature Must Not Fall Below
0°C (32°F)
Table 2
Coolant Specifications
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
59
SERVICE PRODUCTS
Antifreeze Protection
Down to °C (°F)
Water %
by Volume
Corrosion - Inhibiting
Antifreeze % by Volume
–37 (–34)
50
50 minimum
–52 (–62)
40
The cooling mix ratio is Max. 60
Table 3
Coolant Mixing Ratio
Important: If the concentration
is too low, there is risk of
corrosion/cavitation in the cooling
system.
For information about coolant in
cold weather operation, see the
heading "Winter Coolant Antifreeze
Protection" later in this chapter.
Supplemental Coolant Additives
for Fully Formulated Coolant
The concentrations of some inhibitors
will gradually deplete during normal
engine operation. SCAs replenish
the protection for cooling system
components. The coolant must
be maintained with the proper
concentration of SCA. Detroit Diesel
POWER COOL maintenance SCAs
are recommended.
NOTICE:
Failure to properly maintain coolant
with SCA can result in damage
to the cooling system and its
related components. Conversely,
over-concentration of SCA inhibitor
can result in poor heat transfer,
leading to engine damage.
Always maintain concentrations at
recommended levels. Do not use
traditional SCAs with NOAT coolant.
The proper application of SCA will
provide:
□ pH control
□ Restored inhibitor levels to prevent
corrosion
□ Water-softening to deter formation
of mineral deposits
□ Cavitation protection to protect
wet sleeve cylinder liners
60
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Dropout
form of "reprocessing" which consists
only of mechanical purification.
Excessive amounts of some corrosion
inhibitors can cause a gel or crystalline
deposit that reduces both heat transfer
and coolant flow. This deposit is
called "dropout."
Cold Weather Products
Dropout takes the color of the coolant
when wet, but becomes a white or gray
powder when dry. It can pick up solid
particles in the coolant and become
gritty. It will cause premature wear
of the coolant pump seals and other
components of the cooling system.
□ Use special cold weather fuel and
engine oil.
The wet gel can be removed using an
alkaline (non-acid) cleaner containing
either sodium nitrite or sodium
tetraborate.
If the gel is allowed to dry, it is
necessary to disassemble the engine
and clean it with a caustic solution,
or physically clean the individual
components.
Disposal
Coolants are biologically degradable
substances.
When disposing of used coolant,
comply with local legal requirements
and waste water regulations.
Consult the local water supply
authorities to determine the best
method of disposal.
Special precautions must be taken
during cold weather. To protect your
engine, take the following special
measures in cold weather:
□ Check the concentration of
antifreeze in your coolant.
□ Take special care of your batteries.
Winter-Grade Diesel Fuel
At low outside temperatures, paraffin
may separate from the diesel and
affect its ability to flow freely.
Avoid breakdowns caused by this
problem (for example, blocked
filters) by using cold-resistant
winter-grade diesel fuel with improved
low-temperature flow characteristics.
In most cases, winter-grade fuel can
be used without problems at cold
outside temperatures.
If using summer-grade fuel or a less
cold-resistant winter grade, a flow
improver or kerosene can be added
with caution. The amount needed
depends on the outside temperature.
A modern engine coolant has complex
tasks to perform. Do not allow any
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
61
SERVICE PRODUCTS
FIRE
To avoid increased risk of a fuel
fire, do not mix gasoline and
diesel fuel.
Flow improver or petroleum spirit
must be mixed with diesel fuel
before its flow characteristics have
been adversely affected by paraffin
separation. If changes have already
been caused by paraffin separation,
they can be corrected only by
heating the entire fuel system. Do
not add anything to cold-resistant
winter-grade diesel fuels. The fuel's
low-temperature flow characteristics
could actually deteriorate with
additives.
Low-Viscosity Engine Oil
When changing the engine oil,
estimate the interval before your
next oil change. Choose an oil
from the SAE viscosity class
which corresponds to the outside
temperatures anticipated during this
period of operation. See Figure 28.
Figure 28
Engine Oil Temperature
Ranges
Winter Coolant Antifreeze
Protection
Before the temperature dips below
freezing, check the concentration of
antifreeze in the coolant. If necessary,
increase it.
Do not increase the proportion
(mixing ratio) of corrosion-inhibiting
antifreeze beyond 55 percent by
volume (this gives the maximum
antifreeze protection). Further
increases in the mixing ratio would
reduce the level of antifreeze
protection and adversely affect the
coolant's ability to dissipate heat.
Batteries
Batteries should receive more frequent
maintenance and recharging during
the cold season of the year.
62
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Careful maintenance and low current
consumption will help to maintain the
full battery charge. Starting capacity
drops severely in cold weather. For
example, at –10°C (14°F) starting
capacity is only about 60 percent
of normal. If the engine is shut
down or out of use for an extended
period of time, store the batteries
out of the vehicle in a heated area
if possible. Ensure good ventilation
when recharging.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
63
TECHNICAL DATA
TECHNICAL DATA
General technical information is
listed in Table 4.
Description
Engine Type
4-Cylinder Engines
904
924
6-Cylinder Engines
906
926
Vertical, inline cylinder block with turbocharger
and charge-air cooler
Cooling System
Liquid Circuit
Combustion Principle
4-Stroke direct-injection diesel
4
Number of Cylinders
6
Bore
4.02 in
(102 mm)
4.17 in
(106 mm)
4.02 in
(102 mm)
4.17 in
(106 mm)
Stroke
5.11 in
(130 mm)
5.35 in
(136 mm)
5.11 in
(130 mm)
5.35 in
(136 mm)
262 in³
(4.8 liters)
389 in³
(6.37 liters)
439 in³
(7.2 liters)
Displacement (total)
Compression Ratio
Starting Speed
Direction of Engine
Rotation (viewed from
flywheel)
Cold-Start
Temperature Limit
(Without starting aids
and with battery 75%
charged)
64
18.0:1
17.5:1
Approximately 100 rpm
Counterclockwise
Electric Motor
Starter
Table 4
259 in³
(4.25 liters)
The engine starts quickly without additional cold start
device in temperatures down to -15°C (+5°F).
An optional grid heater provides easy starting in
extreme temperatures down to -25°C (-13°F).
For temperatures below -25°C (-13°F) an optional
grid heater with preheating for coolant and lube oil is
available.
General Technical Information
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Engine Data for EGR
Engine
The engine weights are listed in Table
5. The engine dimensions are
listed in Table 6. Also see Figure 29
and Figure 30. Coolant and lubricating
oil capacities are listed in Table 7
Engine
Engine Dry
Weight
4-Cylinder
420 kg 926 lb)
6-Cylinder
560 kg (1235 lb)
Table 5
Engine Measurements
(Side View)
Figure 30
Engine Measurements
(Front View)
Engine Weights
4-Cylinder
6-Cylinder
A = 1025 mm
(40.4 in.)
A = 1219 mm
(48 in.)
B = 686 mm
(27 in.)
B = 810 mm
(31.9 in.)
C = 1000 mm
(39.4 in.)
C = 1060 mm
(41.7 in.)
Table 6
Figure 29
Engine Dimensions
Description
4-Cylinder Engine
6-Cylinder Engine
Coolant Capacity*
Max. 8 L (8.5 qt)
Max. 12.5 L (13.2 qt.)
Lubricating Oil
Capacity**
Max. 15.8 L (16.7 qt)
Max. 29 L (30.6 qt)
*Does not include capacity of cooling system.
**For standard oil pan.
Table 7
Coolant and Lubricating Oil Capacity
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
65
TECHNICAL DATA
Engine Data for Non-EGR
Engine
The engine weights are listed in Table
8. The engine dimensions are
listed in Table 9. Also see Figure 31
and Figure 32. Coolant and lubricating
oil capacities are listed in Table 10.
Engine
Engine Dry
Weight
4-Cylinder
395 kg (871 lb)
6-Cylinder
530 kg (1169 lb)
Table 8
Figure 31
Engine Measurements
(Side View)
Figure 32
Engine Measurements
(Front View)
Engine Weights
4-Cylinder
6-Cylinder
A = 1025 mm
(40.4 in.)
A = 1219 mm
(48.0 in.)
B = 686 mm
(27.0 in.)
B = 810 mm
(31.9 in.)
C = 925 mm
(36.4 in.)
C = 940 mm
(37.0 in.)
Table 9
Engine Dimensions
Description
4-Cylinder Engine
6-Cylinder Engine
Coolant Capacity*
Max. 8.5 L (9.0 qt.)
Max. 12.5 L (13.2 qt.)
Lubricating Oil
Capacity
Max. 15.8 L (16.7 qt)
Max. 29.0 L (30.6 qt)
*Does not include capacity of cooling system.
**For standard oil pan
Table 10
66
Coolant and Lubricating Oil Capacity
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Testing and Adjusting
Values
Valve lash checking and adjustments
are listed in Table 11. Engine
Oil Pressure is listed in Table 12.
Coolant thermostat conditions are
listed in Table 13. Injector pressures
are listed in Table 14.
Valve Type
Check For:
mm ( in.)
Adjust To:
mm ( in.)
Intake
0.30 to 0.60 (0.012 to 0.024)
0.016 (0.40)
Exhaust
0.50 to 0.80 (0.020 to 0.032)
0.60 (0.024)
Table 11
Table 12
Table 13
Valve Lash Checking and Adjustment
Engine Speed
Minimum Pressure
At idling rpm
50 kPa (7 psi)
At maximum rpm
250 kPa (36 psi)
Engine Oil Pressure
Condition
Specification
Starts to open
81 to 85°C (177 to 185°F)
Fully open
95°C (203°F)
Minimum lift
8 mm ( 0.3 in.)
Coolant Thermostat
Opening Pressure
Value in kPa (psi)
Minimum opening pressure
24,497 (3,553)
Maximum opening pressure
25,697 (3,727)
Table 14
Injector Pressure
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
67
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
When performed on a regular basis,
changing the engine oil and filters is
the least costly way of obtaining safe
and reliable vehicle operation. Added
benefits and savings occur when you
check that the valves, fuel injectors,
and oil and cooling circuits are in good
working order during oil changes.
The maintenance section of this
manual explains when you should
change your oil and what to look for
when checking for wear or damage.
For additional information, please
contact your regional office.
Scheduled Intervals
All service intervals and maintenance
operations are based on the parts and
accessories expressly approved for
your engine.
The scope and frequency of
maintenance work are determined
by the engine's operating conditions:
severe duty, short haul, long haul or
operating hours vs. fuel consumption
(oil drain interval only).
Evidence of regular maintenance is
essential if a warranty claim has to be
submitted.
If optional equipment is installed, be
sure to comply with the maintenance
requirements for these extra items.
68
Important: If the engine is stored for
more than 18 months, the oil must
be changed before the engine can be
brought into service.
Maintenance Schedule Types
There are five types of maintenance
schedule:
□ Schedule I (Severe Service)
□ Schedule II (Short Haul)
□ Schedule III (Long Haul)
□ Operating Hours vs. Fuel
Consumption (Oil Drain Interval
Only)
□ UNIMOG Service Schedule
To determine which schedule to use,
find the distance traveled by the
vehicle in a year, regardless of vehicle
type.
Severe Service — Applies to
vehicles that annually travel up to
100,000 kilometers (60,000 miles) or
that operate under severe conditions.
Examples of Severe Service usage
include: operation on extremely poor
roads or where there is heavy dust
accumulation; constant exposure
to extreme hot, cold, salt-air, or
other extreme climates; frequent
short-distance travel; construction-site
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
operation; city operation (fire truck,
garbage truck); or farm operation.
Short-Haul — Applies to vehicles
that annually travel up to 100,000
kilometers (60,000 miles) and operate
under normal conditions. Examples
of Short-Haul usage are: operation
primarily in cities and densely
populated areas; local transport with
infrequent freeway travel; or high
percentage of stop-and-go travel.
Long-Haul — Long Haul
(over-the-road transport) is for
vehicles that annually travel more than
100,000 kilometers (60,000 miles),
with minimal city or stop-and-go
operation. Examples of Long-Haul
usage are: regional delivery that
is mostly freeway miles; interstate
transport; or any road operation with
high annual mileage.
Operating Hours vs. Fuel
Consumption (Oil Drain Interval
Only) — Operating hours vs. fuel
consumption is for operators who
want an oil drain interval based on
hours of operation instead of miles
traveled. See Figure 33.
UNIMOG — The UNIMOG engine
has long maintenance intervals.
Maintenance Schedule and
Interval Operations — The three
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
different schedules of vehicle usage
(severe, short haul, and long haul) are
listed in Table 15. For each schedule,
the appropriate distance interval
(in miles and kilometers) is given
for performing and repeating each
maintenance operation.
The descriptions of all maintenance
operations, indicating all maintenance
operation sets at which each operation
must be performed are listed in Table
15.
Maintenance Intervals — The
three maintenance interval tables show
which maintenance operation must
be performed at the actual distances
(in miles or kilometers) for each
maintenance operation (M1–M3). The
schedule of actual distances is based
on the intervals listed in Table 15. The
UNIMOG maintenance intervals for
replacement of fluids and filters are
listed by operating hours.
The maintenance interval tables are:
□ Maintenance Interval Table,
Severe Service (information
listed in Table 16)
□ Maintenance Interval Table, Short
Haul (information listed in Table
17)
□ Maintenance Interval Table, Long
Haul (information listed in Table
18)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
69
MAINTENANCE
□ The UNIMOG maintenance
intervals for replacement of fluids
and filters are listed in Table 21,
Table 22, Table 23, and Table 24.
Maintenance Operation Sets —
Each Maintenance Operations
Sets Table (M1 through M3) lists the
descriptions of only those maintenance
operations that must be performed
at that maintenance operation set.
Each maintenance operation set is
listed in Table 19 and Table 20.
Schedule Use
Before placing your new vehicle
in service, determine the correct
maintenance intervals that apply to
your intended use of the vehicle. Refer
to the Maintenance Schedule Table
to determine the distance interval at
which each maintenance operation
must be performed to comply with
your vehicle's schedule. A detailed
description of maintenance operations
can be found later in this section
Complete each Maintenance
Operation Set at the required interval.
For example, when you have
completed Maintenance Operation
Set M3 under the 16th maintenance
number listed in the Maintenance
Interval Table, repeat the pattern. For
the 17th maintenance, do Maintenance
Operation Set M1, under the first
maintenance number listed in the
Maintenance Interval Table.
NOTE:
For Severe Service, the pattern
repeats after 15 maintenance
numbers, not 16 (as for Short Haul
and Long Haul).
When the vehicle reaches the actual
distance given for an interval, refer
to the Maintenance Interval Tables
to find the Maintenance Operation
Set that applies to that interval. Then
perform the maintenance operations
listed in the applicable Maintenance
Interval Operation Table.
70
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Maintenance Tables and
Graphs
Maintenance
Schedule
Maint.
Interval
Operation
Maintenance Intervals
Frequency
Miles
Km
Schedule I
(Severe Service)
vehicles that
annually travel
up to 6,000 miles
(9,650 km)
Maint. 1
(M1)
every
Maint. 2
(M2)
every
Schedule II
(Short Haul)
vehicles that
annually
travel up to
60,000 miles
(96,500 km)
Maint. 1
(M1)
every
Maint. 2
(M2)
every
60,000
96,500
Maint. 3
(M3)
every
75,000
121,000
Schedule III
(Long Haul)
vehicles that
annually travel
more than
60,000 miles
(96,500 km)
Maint. 1
(M1)
every
Maint. 2
(M2)
every
60,000
96,500
Maint. 3
(M3)
every
80,000
129,000
Table 15
6,000
9,650
(904/906/926) (904/906/926)
18,000
29,000
15,000
24,000
(904/906/926) (904/906/926)
20,000
32,000
(904/906/926) (904/906/926)
Maintenance Schedule Table
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
71
MAINTENANCE
Maint. No
Maintenance
Interval
Miles
Km
1
M1*
6,000
9,650
2
M1
12,000
18,000
3
M1 and M2
18,000
30,000
4
M1
24,000
40,000
5
M1
30,000
50,000
6
M1 and M2
36,000
60,000
7
M1
42,000
70,000
8
M1
48,000
80,000
9
M1 and M2
54,000
90,000
10
M1
60,000
96,500
11
M1
66,000
110,000
12
M1 and M2
72,000
120,000
13
M1
78,000
130,000
14
M1
84,000
140,000
15
M1 and M2
90,000
150,000
* 6-cylinder engines use a oil centrifuge filter to meet the above intervals,
the cartridge in the centrifuge has the same interval as the primary
filter. 4-cylinder engines will not use the oil centrifuge.
Table 16
72
Maintenance Intervals for Schedule I, Severe Service
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Maint. No.
Maintenance
Interval
Miles
Km
1
M1*
15,000
24,000
2
M1
30,000
48,000
3
M1
45,000
72,000
4
M1 and M2
60,000
96,500
5
M1 and M3
75,000
120,000
6
M1
90,000
144,000
7
M1
105,000
168,000
8
M1 and M2
120,000
192,000
9
M1
135,000
216,000
10
M1 and M3
150,000
241,000
11
M1
165,000
265,000
12
M1 and M2
180,000
289,000
13
M1
195,000
314,000
14
M1
210,000
338,000
15
M1 and M3
225,000
362,000
16
M1, M2 and M3
240,000
386,000
* 6-cylinder engines use a oil centrifuge filter to meet the above intervals,
the cartridge in the centrifuge has the same interval as the primary
filter. 4-cylinder engines will not use the oil centrifuge.
Table 17
Maintenance Intervals for Schedule II, Short Haul
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
73
MAINTENANCE
Maint. No
Maintenance
Interval
Miles
Km
1
M1*
20,000
32,000
2
M1
40,000
64,000
3
M1 and M2
60,000
96,500
4
M1 and M3
80,000
128,000
5
M1
100,000
160,000
6
M1 and M2
120,000
193,000
7
M1
140,000
225,000
8
M1 and M3
160,000
257,000
9
M1 and M2
180,000
290,000
10
M1
200,000
322,000
11
M1
220,000
354,000
12
M1, M2 and M3
240,000
386,000
13
M1
260,000
418,000
14
M1
280,000
450,000
15
M1 and M2
300,000
482,000
16
M1 and M3
320,000
515,000
* 6-cylinder engines use a oil centrifuge filter to meet the above intervals,
the cartridge in the centrifuge has the same interval as the primary
filter. 4-cylinder engines will not use the oil centrifuge.
Table 18
74
Maintenance Intervals for Schedule III, Long Haul
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Figure 33
Oil Drain Interval — Operating Hours vs. Fuel Consumption
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
75
MAINTENANCE
M1 M2
Operation Description
Engine Inspecting
Fuel Prefilter Element Cleaning
—
Main Fuel Filter Element Changing
—
Valve Checking and Adjusting
—
Engine Oil and Filter Changing, Replace 906 and 926 Oil
Centrifuge Cartridge
Coolant Concentration Checking
—
Coolant Flushing and Changing
Cooling System Inspecting
Table 19
Required Maintenance Operations Sets, Schedule I
Maintenance Operation Description
M1 M2 M3
Engine Inspecting
—
Valve Lash Checking and Adjusting
—
Fuel Prefilter Element Cleaning
—
Main Fuel Filter Element Changing
—
—
Engine Oil and Filter Changing, Replace 906 and 926 Oil
Centrifuge Cartridge
Coolant Concentration Checking
—
Coolant Flushing and Changing
—
Cooling System Inspecting
—
Table 20
Required Maintenance Operations Sets, Schedule II and III
NOTE:
If oil drain intervals are measured by
operating hours, an extension of the
oil drain interval may be possible.
Refer to DDC publication Lubricating
76
—
Oil, Fuel and Filters Requirements
(7SE270) available on the DDC
extranet.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
NOTE:
The engine oil and oil filter MUST be
changed EVERY 200 operating hours.
Operating Hours
Component
Maintenance
Engine
Change oil and oil filter
Fuel System
Change filter and vent system
—
Transmission
Change oil
—
—
—
PTO Transmission
Change oil and oil filter
—
—
—
Axle Gear
Change oil
—
Working Hydraulics
700
1,400
Every 200 hours
Change oil filter
Change oil and oil filter
Table 21
200
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
UNIMOG Service Intervals, 200 - 1400 Operating Hours
Operating Hours
Component
Maintenance
Engine
Change oil and oil filter
Fuel System
Change filter and vent system
Transmission
Change oil
—
—
PTO Transmission
Change oil and oil filter
—
—
Axle Gear
Change oil
—
Every 200 hours
Change oil filter
—
Change oil and oil filter
—
Working Hydraulics
Table 22
2,100 2,800 3,500
—
—
—
UNIMOG Service Intervals, 2100 - 3500 Operating Hours
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
77
MAINTENANCE
Operating Hours
Component
Maintenance
Engine
Change oil and oil filter
Fuel System
Change filter and vent system
Transmission
Change oil
—
—
PTO Transmission
Change oil and oil filter
—
—
Axle Gear
Change oil
—
Working
Hydraulics
Change oil filter
—
Table 23
4,200 4,900
5,600
Every 200 hours
—
—
Change oil and oil filter
—
—
—
—
UNIMOG Service Intervals, 4200 - 5600 Operating Hours
Operating Hours
Component
Maintenance
Engine
Change oil and oil filter
Fuel System
Change filter and vent system
Transmission
Change oil
—
PTO Transmission
Change oil and oil filter
—
Axle Gear
Change oil
—
Working Hydraulics
Table 24
78
6,300
7,000
Every 200 hours
Change oil filter
—
Change oil and oil filter
—
—
UNIMOG Service Intervals, 6300 - 7000 Operating Hours
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Required Maintenance
Operations
The following sections describe the
required maintenance operations
listed in Table 19 and 20.
Engine Inspecting
Inspect the engine as follows:
1. Visually check the engine for
signs of leakage. A slight
dampness at the sealing points is
no cause for alarm.
NOTE:
More severe leaks, combined with a
continual loss of oil, must be corrected
without delay.
Tool
Table 25
2. Visually inspect all lines and
hoses. Listen for any sound of
leaking. Make sure all pipes and
hoses are undamaged, correctly
positioned to avoid chafing, and
properly secured.
Valve Lash Checking and
Adjusting
Important: Adjust the valve lash
when the engine is cold. Wait at least
30 minutes after shutdown, even if the
engine ran only a short time.
The special tool listed in Table 25 is
required for this procedure.
Description
Manufacturer
Part Number
Engine Cranking
Tool
Kent-Moore
J-46392
Special Tool
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
79
MAINTENANCE
Gaining Access To The Valves —
Gain access to the valves as follows:
inspection hole on the timing case
(see Figure 35).
NOTE:
Clean the cylinder head cover before
removing it.
1. Remove the cylinder head cover
(see Figure 34).
Figure 35
Inspection Hole in the
Timing Case
4. Select a method for adjusting the
valve lash. See Figure 36 for
the valve layout on both fourand six-cylinder engines. There
are two acceptable methods for
adjusting valve lash:
• In order, according to the
timing sequence used for fuel
injection ("Method One”)
Figure 34
Cylinder Head Cover
• By type of valve, depending on
crankshaft position ("Method
Two”)
2. Remove the inspection cover on
the timing case.
3. Fit the cranking device
listed in Table 25 into the
80
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
be repositioned after each cylinder is
adjusted as listed in Table 26.
1. For each cylinder, use the
cranking device to rotate the
crankshaft until the piston is
exactly at top dead center (TDC)
in the compression stroke. The
valves must be closed and it must
be possible to turn the push rods
without effort.
Figure 36
NOTE:
When the piston in cylinder #1 is at
ignition TDC, the valves of cylinder
#6 (cylinder #4 on the four-cylinder
engine) will overlap, meaning that both
intake and exhaust valves are partially
open, and show no measurable play
when tested with a feeler gauge.
Cylinder and Valve
Layout
2. Check each valve and adjust it (if
necessary), using the procedures
under the headings "Checking
Valve Lash" and "Adjusting Valve
Lash" in this section.
Method One: Adjust Each
Cylinder In Firing Order —
Method One allows you to adjust
each cylinder in the order in which
fuel is injected. The crankshaft must
Crankshaft
Position
Engine
4-Cylinder
6-Cylinder
Table 26
Cylinders
Ignition
Sequence
1
3
4
2
NA
NA
Valve Overlap
4
2
1
3
NA
NA
Ignition
Sequence
1
5
3
6
2
4
Valve Overlap
6
2
4
1
5
3
Valve Adjustment- Method One
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
81
MAINTENANCE
Method Two: Adjust All
Valves Using Two Crankshaft
Positions — Method two allows
you to adjust all the valves using just
two crankshaft positions.
3. Using the cranking device, turn
the crankshaft until cylinder #6
(cylinder #4 on the four-cylinder
engine) is at the ignition TDC
position (all valves are closed)
and cylinder #1 is at the valve
overlap position (valves are
open).
1. Using the cranking device, turn
the crankshaft until cylinder #1 is
at the ignition TDC position (all
valves are closed) and cylinder #6
(cylinder #4 on the four-cylinder
engine) is at the valve overlap
position (all valves are open).
4. Using the same procedure, check
the valves listed in Table 27 in the
"Valve Overlap" row and adjust
them (if necessary), using the
procedures under the headings
"Checking Valve Lash" and
"Adjusting Valve Lash."
2. Check the valves listed in Table
27 in the "Ignition TDC" row
and adjust them (if necessary),
using the procedures under the
headings "Checking Valve Lash"
and "Adjusting Valve Lash."
Engine
Cylinders/Valve Types*
Cylinder #1
Crankshaft
Position
1
2
3
4
5
6
Ignition TDC
I/E
I
E
—
NA
NA
Valve Overlap
—
E
I
I/E
NA
NA
Ignition TDC
I/E
I
E
I
E
—
Valve Overlap
—
E
I
E
I
I/E
4-Cylinder
6-Cylinder
* I = Intake Valve and E = Exhaust Valve
Table 27
82
Valve Adjustment - Method Two
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Checking Valve Lash — Check
valve lash as follows:
1. For each valve, measure the valve
lash with a feeler gauge between
the rocker arm and valve stem
(exhaust valve) or valve bridge
(intake valve). It should be
possible to pull the feeler gauge
through with no more than light
resistance.
2. If the value measured is within
the range listed in Table 28 in the
"Check For" column, check the
next valve.
Figure 37
Intake Valves
Figure 38
Exhaust Valves
If the value measured is outside the
range listed in Table 28 in the "Check
For" column, adjust the valve lash.
Adjusting Valve Lash — Adjust
valve lash as follows:
1. If adjustment is needed, loosen
the locknut. See Figure 37 for
intake valves and Figure 38 for
exhaust valves. Use the exact
settingslisted in Table 28 in the
"Adjust To" column.
Valve Type
Check For:
Adjust to:
Intake
0.30 to 0.60 mm (0.012 to 0.024 in.)
0.40 mm (0.016 in.)
Exhaust
0.50 to 0.80 mm (0.020 to 0.032 in.)
0.60 mm(0.024 in.)
Table 28
Valve Lash Checking and Adjustment
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
83
MAINTENANCE
2. Turn the adjusting screw until the
valve lash is correct using the
exact settings listed in Table 28.
Use the range only for checking
adjustment.
3. Tighten the locknut 25 N·m (18
lb·ft ).
4. Check the valve lash again.
Adjust again if necessary.
Restoring The Vehicle To
Operating Condition — Restore to
operating condition as follows:
1. Install the cylinder head cover.
See Figure 39.
2. Remove the cranking device from
the inspection hole in the timing
case.
Figure 39
Cylinder Head Cover
Figure 40
Fuel Filters
3. Replace the end cover on the
inspection hole and tighten the
bolts 25 N·m (18 lb·ft).
Fuel Prefilter Element
Cleaning
Clean the fuel prefilter element as
follows:
1. Open the fuel filler cap to release
pressure in the fuel system.
Replace and tighten the cap.
2. Clean the outside of the prefilter
housing. Keep fuel away from
hoses or pipes located beneath the
filter. See Figure 40.
84
3. Unscrew the cap on the fuel
prefilter. Pull the cap and filter
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
element out of the prefilter
housing. See Figure 41.
4. Clean the cap and the filter
element. If the filter element
is heavily soiled or damaged,
replace it.
7. Bleed the fuel system.
5. Check the O-ring on the cap and
replace it if necessary.
Correct torque on the high pressure
lines is critical. Incorrect torques
could result in leaks or lack of power
due to restricted fuel flow.
6. Insert the filter element into the
prefilter housing and screw the
cap onto the housing. Tighten the
cap 25 N·m (18 lb·ft ).
NOTICE:
[a] Make sure that all
high-pressure lines have
been tightened to 25 N·m (18
lb·ft) and all banjo bolts to 40
N·m (30 lb·ft).
[b] If equipped with a hand pump
on the fuel/water separator,
work the hand pump 50 times.
[c] Crank the engine for 30
seconds at a time, but no
longer. Before cranking the
engine again, wait at least two
minutes. The engine should
start within four 30-second
attempts.
Figure 41
Fuel Prefilter
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
85
MAINTENANCE
Main Fuel Filter Element
Changing
Change the main fuel filter element as
follows:
1. Open the vehicle fuel tank filler
cap to release pressure in the fuel
system. Replace and tighten the
cap.
2. Clean the outside of the fuel filter
housing. See Figure 40.
3. Using a 36-mm socket wrench
insert, unscrew the cap on the
fuel filter and remove it, along
with the filter element. Pull both
the cap and the filter element a
short distance out of the filter
housing. See Figure 42. Allow
the fuel to drain off the filter into
the housing.
4. Remove the cap with the filter
element. To release the filter
element, twist the lower edge of
the filter element to one side.
NOTICE:
To prevent damage to the filter
housing, do not allow dirt to get into
the filter housing. Do not empty the
dirt collector into the filter case.
Figure 42
Main Fuel Filter
6. Clean the cap and the dirt
collector.
7. Replace the O-ring.
8. Install the new filter element
in the cap. Make sure the filter
element is securely in place.
9. Insert the dirt collector into the
filter housing. Make sure the dirt
collector is positioned properly in
the filter housing.
10. Screw on the cap with the filter
element. Tighten the cap 25 N·m
(18 lb·ft).
5. Pull the dirt collector out of the
filter housing using the tabs on
either side.
86
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
NOTICE:
Correct torque on the high pressure
lines is critical. Incorrect torques
could result in leaks or lack of power
due to restricted fuel flow.
Engine Oil and Filter
Changing
FIRE
11. Bleed the fuel system.
[a] Make sure that all
high-pressure lines have
been tightened to 25 N·m (18
lb·ft)) and all banjo bolts to
40 N·m (30 lb·ft).
[b] If equipped with a hand pump
on the fuel/water separator,
work the hand pump 50 times.
[c] Crank the engine for 30
seconds at a time, but no
longer. Before cranking the
engine again, wait at least two
minutes. The engine should
start within four 30-second
attempts.
To avoid injury from fire, keep
open flames, sparks, electrical
resistance heating elements, or
other potential ignition sources
away when draining lubrication
oil. Do not smoke when draining
lubricating oil.
NOTE:
Select the SAE class (viscosity) on the
basis of the average air temperature
for the season. See Figure 43. View
the temperature ranges for the various
SAE classes as guidelines which can
be exceeded for only a short time.
12. Start the engine. Check the fuel
filter for leaks.
Figure 43
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
SAE Oil Viscosity
Classes
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
87
MAINTENANCE
To insure the engine is protected
and the oil stays clean until the next
oil change, use only oils of API
classification CI4.
The six-cylinder EGR engines have
an oil centrifuge and an oil filter.
Non-EGR engines have only an oil
filter.
NOTICE:
Both the primary lube oil filter (front
of engine) and the oil centriguge
cartridge (side of engine) must be
replaced at each oil drain interval.
Change the oil filter as follows:
1. Chock the tires, place the
transmission in neutral, and set
the parking brake.
Figure 44
Oil Filter Cap
3. Place a suitable receptacle
beneath the oil drain plug on the
underside of the oil pan. Carefully
unscrew the oil drain plug on the
oil pan and allow the oil to drain
out. See Figure 45. Discard the
O-ring on the oil drain plug.
NOTE:
Change the engine oil only when the
engine is at an operating temperature
of approximately 82°C (180°F).
2. Using a 36-mm socket, unscrew
the oil filter cap. See Figure 44.
Figure 45
Engine Oil Drain Plug,
Oil Pan
4. Remove both the filter cap and
the filter element. To release the
88
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
filter element, twist the lower
edge of the filter element to the
side. See Figure 46.
9. Add new engine oil through the
oil fill (see Figure 47).
Figure 47
Figure 46
Oil Fill
Cap with Oil Filter
Element
NOTICE:
To prevent damage to the filter
housing, ensure that no foreign
objects get inside it. Do not wipe
clean the filter housing.
5. Replace the O-ring on the cap.
See Figure 46.
6. Install the new filter into the cap.
Make sure the filter element is
securely in place.
7. Screw the cap onto the oil filter
housing. Tighten the cap 25 N·m
(18 lb·ft).
8. Install the oil drain plug, using a
new O-ring. Tighten the plug 65
N·m (48 lb·ft).
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
PERSONAL INJURY
To avoid injury from slipping and
falling, immediately clean up any
spilled liquids.
NOTE:
Engine oil fill capacity with a standard
oil pan for the six-cylinder engine
is 30.6 quarts (29.0 L). For the
four-cylinder engine with a standard oil
pan, fill capacity is 16.7 quarts (15.8
L).
10. Fill until the maximum fill level
on the oil dipstick has been
reached. Do not overfill.
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
89
MAINTENANCE
NOTICE:
Keep the engine running at idling
speed until an oil pressure reading is
obtained. If no oil pressure is shown
after approximately 10 seconds,
stop the engine and determine the
cause. Failure to do so could result
in engine damage.
1. Remove the cover of the oil
centrifuge. See Figure 48.
11. Start the engine with the
accelerator pedal in the idle
position. Monitor the oil pressure
gauge.
12. Check the filter and oil drain plug
for signs of leakage.
13. Stop the engine.
14. Check the oil level again after
approximately five minutes.
If necessary, add oil up to the
maximum fill level on the oil
dipstick. Do not overfill.
Figure 48
Oil Centrifuge
2. Lift out the dirty cartridge and
replace it with a clean one
(see Figure 49).
Oil Centrifuge
The MBE six-cylinder engines
(906/926) have an oil centrifuge.
NOTICE:
Both the primary lube oil filter (front
of engine) and the oil centriguge
cartridge (side of engine) must be
replaced at each oil drain interval.
Figure 49
Centrifuge Cartridge
3. Replace the centrifuge cover,
tighten the cap 40 Nm (30 lb·ft).
Change the oil centrifuge cartridge as
follows:
90
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Coolant Concentration
Checking
NOTE:
Check and correct the coolant level
only when the coolant temperature is
below 50°C (122°F).
Check coolant concentration as
follows:
2. Before adding coolant,
use a suitable tester to
check the concentration of
corrosion-inhibiting antifreeze. If
the concentration is lower than
50% by volume, drain coolant/add
antifreeze until the concentration
is correct. The coolant mixing
ratio is listed in Table 29.
HOT COOLANT
To avoid scalding from the
expulsion of hot coolant, never
remove the cooling system
pressure cap while the engine is
at operating temperature. Wear
adequate protective clothing
(face shield, rubber gloves,
apron, and boots). Remove the
cap slowly to relieve pressure.
NOTE:
Concentrations of more than 55% by
volume should not be used, as this is
the level which affords the maximum
antifreeze protection, down to –45°C
(–49°F). Higher concentrations
adversely affect heat dissipation.
1. Open the cap on the surge tank
slowly, to allow excess pressure
to escape. Set the cap aside.
Antifreeze
Protection Down
to°C (°F)
Water Percentage
by Volume
Corrosion-Inhibiting
Antifreeze
Percentage by
Volume
–37 (–347)
50
50
–45 (–49)
45
Maximum 55
Table 29
Coolant Mixing Ratio
NOTICE:
If the concentration of antifreeze is
too low, there is a risk of corrosion
or cavitation in the cooling system.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
NOTE:
When topping off, use only a
pre-prepared coolant mixture
containing a 50% concentration
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
91
MAINTENANCE
by volume of corrosion-inhibiting
antifreeze.
3. Check the coolant level and add
more coolant if necessary.
4. Close and tighten the cap on the
surge tank.
92
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Coolant Flushing and
Changing
HOT COOLANT
To avoid scalding from the
expulsion of hot coolant, never
remove the cooling system
pressure cap while the engine is
at operating temperature. Wear
adequate protective clothing
(face shield, rubber gloves,
apron, and boots). Remove the
cap slowly to relieve pressure.
Flush and change the coolant as
follows:
1. Open the cap on the surge tank
slowly, to allow excess pressure
to escape. Set the cap aside.
2. Open the water regulating valve
for the heating system.
3. Drain the coolant from the engine.
See Figure 50. Coolant system
capacity is listed in Table 30.
[a] Place a receptacle underneath
the coolant drain plug.
Choose one that is large
enough to hold the expected
quantity of coolant.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
Figure 50
Coolant Drain Plug
NOTE:
Make sure the coolant can flow
unobstructed into the receptacle.
[b] Open the coolant drain plug
on the bottom of the radiator.
4. Flush the radiator.
NOTICE:
When flushing the radiator, do not
apply more than 140 kPa (20 psi) air
pressure. Excessive pressure can
damage the radiator or heater core.
[a] Attach a flushing gun nozzle
to the radiator outlet.
[b] Run water in until the radiator
is full.
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
93
MAINTENANCE
5. Drain the radiator, and flush the
radiator until clean water flows
from the radiator. Remove the
flushing gun.
EYE INJURY
To avoid injury from flying debris
when using compressed air, wear
adequate eye protection (face
shield or safety goggles) and do
not exceed 276 kPa (40 psi) air
pressure.
6. When the coolant has drained,
install the coolant drain plug on
the radiator.
7. Add coolant in the specified
concentration until the maximum
mark on the surge tank is reached.
Coolant system capacity is
listed in Table 30.
[c] Apply no more than
140 kPa (20 psi) air pressure
intermittently to help dislodge
sediment buildup in the core.
Description
4-Cylinder
6-Cylinder
Engine Coolant Capacity (all vehicles) L (Qt)
Engine capacity
8 (8.5)
12 (12.7)
Business Class Coolant System Capacity L (Qt)
Total capacity
19.8 (21)
23.6 (25)
Antifreeze quantity at 50%
9.9 (10.5)
11.8 (12.5)
Antifreeze quantity at 55%
10.8 (11.5)
13.1 (13.8)
Table 30
Coolant System Capacity
8. Start the engine and run it for
about one minute at varying
speeds to release air pockets in
the cooling system. Make sure
the heater valve is still open.
Check the coolant level and add
more coolant if necessary.
10. Add coolant if necessary.
9. Shut down the engine.
94
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Cooling System Inspecting
dirt or debris. Make sure the fins
are not damaged, and straighten
them if necessary.
HOT COOLANT
To avoid scalding from the
expulsion of hot coolant, never
remove the cooling system
pressure cap while the engine is
at operating temperature. Wear
adequate protective clothing
(face shield, rubber gloves,
apron, and boots). Remove the
cap slowly to relieve pressure.
NOTE:
Before doing this inspection, make
sure to do either maintenance
operation, "Coolant Concentration
Checking," or maintenance operation,
"Coolant Flushing and Changing."
Inspect the cooling system as follows:
1. Inspect the radiator, the
condenser, the coolant pump,
the engine oil cooler, the freeze
plugs, and the heat exchanger for
damage and leaks.
2. Check all pipes and hoses in the
cooling system for damage and
leaks. Make sure all pipes and
hoses are properly positioned to
avoid chafing, and are securely
fastened.
3. Check the outside of the radiator
and condenser for blockage by
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
95
CUSTOMER ASSISTANCE
CUSTOMER ASSISTANCE
The satisfaction and good will of the
owners of Detroit Diesel engines are
of primary concern to Detroit Diesel
96
Corporation and its distributor/dealer
organizations.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
DDC NORTH AMERICAN NAFTA ON-HIGHWAY OFFICES
EASTERN REGION 1
Suwanee, Georgia
3325 Paddocks Parkway
Suwanee, GA 30024
Telephone: 678-341-6100
Fax: 678-341-6150
EASTERN REGION 2
Detroit, Michigan
13400 Outer Drive West
Detroit, MI 48239-4001
Telephone: 313-592-5420
Fax: 313-592-5887
WESTERN REGION 1
Irvine, California
7700 Irvine Center, Suite 275
Irvine, CA 92618
Telephone: 949-753-7710
Fax: 949-753-7711
WESTERN REGION 2
Irvine, California
7700 Irvine Center, Suite 275
Irvine, CA 92618
Telephone: 949-753-7710
Fax: 949-753-7711
CANADIAN REGION
London, Ontario
Detroit Diesel of Canada, Ltd.
150 Dufferin Ave., Suite 701
London, ON N5A 5N6
Phone: 519-661-0149
Fax: 519-661-0171
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
97
CUSTOMER ASSISTANCE
MTU DETROIT DIESEL OFF-HIGHWAY SALES AND
CUSTOMER ASSURANCE CENTERS
CONSTRUCTION, INDUSTRIAL
AND MINING SALES (BX7)
13400 Outer Drive, West
Detroit, MI 48239-4001
Phone: 313-592-5608
Fax: 313-592-5625
POWERGEN AND OIL FIELD SALES
(BX11)
13400 Outer Drive, West
Detroit, MI 48239-4001
Phone: 313-592-5708
Fax: 313-592-5158
CUSTOMER ASSURANCE (M24)
13400 Outer Drive, West
Detroit, MI 48239-4001
Phone: 313-592-5550
Fax: 313-592-5717
98
MARINE SALES (BX6)
13400 Outer Drive, West
Detroit, MI 48239-4001
Phone: 313-592-7806
Fax: 313-592-5137
GOVERNMENT SALES (BX9)
13400 Outer Drive, West
Detroit, MI 48239-4001
Phone: 313-592-5875
Fax: 313-592-5158
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
DDC INTERNATIONAL REGIONAL OFFICE LOCATIONS
DETROIT DIESEL DISTRIBUTION
CENTER B.V. (On/Off-Highway)
The Netherlands
Ridderpoort 9
2984 Ridderkerk
The Netherlands
Phone: (31) 180-442-900
Fax: (31) 180-462-062
LATIN AMERICAN REGION
(Off-Highway)
Miami, Florida
2277 N.W. 14th Street
Latin America Building
Miami, FL 33125-0068
Phone: 305-637-1555
Fax: 305-637-1580
MTU DETROIT DIESEL AUSTRALIA
PTY. LTD. (On/Off-Highway)
Victoria – Melbourne
488 Blackshaws Road
Altona North, Victoria. 3025
Australia
Phone: (61) 3 9243-9292
Fax: (61) 3 9243-9271
MTU ASIA PTE. LTD. (Off-Highway)
Singapore
No. 1 Benoi Place
Singapore 629923
Phone: (65) 6861-5922
Fax: (65) 6861-3615 Sales Marine,
Rail, C & I, Electronics
Fax: (65) 6860–9959 Sales
PowerGen, Defense
MEXICO (On/Off-Highway)
Detroit Diesel Allison de Mexico, S.A.
Av. Santa Rosa 58
Col. Ampliacion Norte
San Juan Ixtacala, Tlanepantla
C.P. 54160, Edo de Mexico
Phone: 52 55-5333-1803
Fax: 52 55-5333-1875
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
99
CUSTOMER ASSISTANCE
Working with DDC Service
Outlets
As the owner of a Detroit Diesel
product you have a complete network
of over 1,000 Detroit Diesel service
outlets in the U.S. and Canada, plus
many outlets worldwide that are
prepared to meet your parts and
service needs:
□ Service by trained personnel
□ Sales teams to help determine your
specific power requirements
□ In many areas, emergency service
24 hours a day
□ Complete parts support including
reliabilt® remanufactured parts
□ Product information and literature
We recognize however, that despite
the best intentions of everyone
concerned, misunderstandings may
occur. Normally, any situation
that arises in connection with the
sale, operation, or service of your
product will be handled by the
authorized service outlet in your area
(in the U.S. and Canada check the
Yellow Pages or service locator at
www.detroitdiesel.com for the Detroit
Diesel service outlet nearest you).
To further assure your complete
satisfaction, we have developed the
following procedure to use if you have
a problem that has not been handled
satisfactorily.
100
Step One
Discuss your problem with a member
of management from the authorized
service outlet. Frequently, complaints
are the result of a breakdown in
communication and can quickly be
resolved by a member of management.
If you have already discussed the
problem with the Sales or Service
Manager, contact the General
Manager. If your complaint originates
with a dealer, explain the matter
to a management member of the
distributorship with whom the dealer
has his service agreement.
Step Two
When it appears that your problem
cannot readily be resolved at the
distributor level without additional
assistance, contact the Detroit
Diesel Regional Product Support or
Operations Manager responsible for
your local distributor. You will be
assisted by a member of the Manager's
staff, depending upon the nature of
your problem.
Prior to this contact, have the
following information available:
□ Engine model and serial number*
□ Name and location of authorized
service outlet
□ Type and make of equipment
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
□ Engine delivery date and
accumulated miles or hours
of operation
□ Nature of problem
□ Chronological summary of
engine's history
Step Three
If you are still not satisfied, present the
entire matter in writing or by phone to:
Sr. Vice President, Parts, Service
and Customer Assurance
Detroit Diesel Corporation
13400 Outer Drive, West
Detroit, Michigan 48239–4001
Phone: 1–313–592–5000
Fax: 1–313–592–7244
When contacting the regional or
home office, please keep in mind that
ultimately your problem will likely
be resolved at the distributorship or
dealership, utilizing their facilities,
equipment, and personnel. Therefore,
it is suggested that you first follow
the previously mentioned steps
in sequence when experiencing a
problem.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
101
LIMITED WARRANTY ON NEW DETROIT DIESEL MBE 900 ENGINES USED
IN ON-HIGHWAY VEHICLE APPLICATIONS
LIMITED WARRANTY ON NEW DETROIT DIESEL
MBE 900 ENGINES USED IN ON-HIGHWAY VEHICLE
APPLICATIONS
Terms of Coverage
Uses
This warranty applies to the first retail
purchaser and subsequent owners
during the WARRANTY PERIOD of
new Detroit Diesel MBE 900 Engines
(referred to as Engine) manufactured
by Detroit Diesel Corporation and/or
supplied by Detroit Diesel Corporation
or Detroit Diesel of Canada Limited
(which are collectively referred to as
DDC) for use in on-highway vehicle
applications operated in the United
States or Canada.
Defects
This warranty covers Engine
REPAIRS to correct any malfunction
occurring during the WARRANTY
PERIOD resulting from defects in
material or workmanship.
may, at its discretion, replace rather
than repair components. A reasonable
time must be allowed to perform
the warranty repair after taking the
engine to the authorized service outlet.
The owner is responsible for the
percentage of repair costs shown in
the warranty period chart. Repairs will
be performed during normal business
hours.
Warranty Period
The WARRANTY PERIOD begins
on the date the engine is delivered to
the first retail purchaser or put in use
prior to sale at retail, whichever date
occurs first, and ends at the time or
mileage/kilometer limits shown in the
WARRANTY PERIOD chart.
Repairs
To obtain warranty repairs, you must
request the needed repairs within
the WARRANTY PERIOD from an
authorized DDC service outlet. Only
new genuine parts or remanufactured
parts or components supplied or
approved by DDC will be used. DDC
102
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Warranty Period
Warranty Limitations
(Whichever Occurs First)
Item
Repair Charges to be
Paid by Owner
Months
Miles/
Kilometers
Parts
Labor
Engine
0-36
0-150,000 mi
0-240,000 km
No Charge
No Charge
Accessories
0-24
0-100,000 mi
0-160,000 km
No Charge
No Charge
Table 31
Warranty Period Chart — On-highway Vehicle Applications
Like Replacement Engine
Engine(s) supplied by DDC as a
replacement for an engine still under
warranty will assume the identity
of the engine being replaced and be
entitled to the remaining warranty
coverage.
Service Supplies
The cost of service supplies such
as coolant, oil and filters which are
not reusable due to needed warranty
repairs is covered by this warranty.
This Warranty Does Not
Cover:
Repairs Due to Accidents,
Misuse, Storage Damage,
Negligence or Certain
Modifications
Repairs due to an accident, misuse,
misapplication, storage damage,
negligence or modification exceeding
DDC specifications are not covered by
this warranty.
Engine Removal and
Reinstallation
Reasonable labor costs for engine
removal and reinstallation, when
necessary to make a warranty repair,
are covered by this warranty.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
103
LIMITED WARRANTY ON NEW DETROIT DIESEL MBE 900 ENGINES USED
IN ON-HIGHWAY VEHICLE APPLICATIONS
Maintenance
DDC is not responsible for the
cost of maintenance or repairs
due to lack of performance of
required maintenance services as
recommended by DDC, or the
failure to use fuel, oil, lubricants and
coolant meeting DDC-recommended
specifications. Performance of the
required maintenance and use of
proper fuel, oil, lubricants and coolant
are the responsibility of the owner.
Incidental or Consequential
Damages
Detroit Diesel Corporation is
not responsible for incidental or
consequential costs or expenses which
the owner may incur as a result of
a malfunction or failure covered by
this warranty, such as communication
expenses, meals, lodging, overtime,
towing, loss of use of the engine or
vehicle (“downtime”), loss of time,
inconvenience, cargo loss or damage,
and other similar costs and expenses.
THIS WARRANTY AND
THE EMISSIONS CONTROL
WARRANTY ARE THE ONLY
WARRANTIES APPLICABLE
TO THE ENGINE AS USED
IN ON-HIGHWAY VEHICLE
APPLICATIONS. DETROIT DIESEL
CORPORATION MAKES NO
OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY
OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. DETROIT DIESEL
CORPORATION SHALL NOT BE
LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
AS DESCRIBED ABOVE.
Some states do not allow the limitation
of how long this warranty may last
or the limitation or exclusion of
incidental or consequential damages,
so the above may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal
rights, and you may also have other
rights which may vary from state to
state.
Other Limitations
Performance of REPAIRS is the
exclusive Owner's remedy under this
warranty. Detroit Diesel Corporation
does not authorize any person to
assume or create for it any other
obligation or liability in connection
with the engine or the accessories.
104
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
LIMITED WARRANTY ON NEW DETROIT DIESEL MBE 900
ENGINES USED IN SCHOOL BUS APPLICATIONS
Terms of Coverage
Uses
This warranty applies to the first retail
purchaser and subsequent owners
during the WARRANTY PERIOD of
new Detroit Diesel MBE 900 Engines
(referred to as Engine) manufactured
by Detroit Diesel Corporation and/or
supplied by Detroit Diesel Corporation
or Detroit Diesel of Canada Limited
(which are collectively referred
to as DDC) for use in school bus
applications operated in the United
States or Canada.
Defects
This warranty covers Engine
REPAIRS to correct any malfunction
occurring during the WARRANTY
PERIOD resulting from defects in
material or workmanship.
than repair components. A reasonable
time must be allowed to perform
the warranty repair after taking the
engine to the authorized service outlet.
The owner is responsible for the
percentage of repair costs shown in
the warranty period chart. Repairs will
be performed during normal business
hours.
Warranty Period
The WARRANTY PERIOD begins
on the date the engine is delivered
to the first retail purchaser or put in
use prior to sale at retail, whichever
date occurs first, and ends at the
time or mileage/kilometer limits
listed in Table 32, the WARRANTY
PERIOD chart.
Repairs
To obtain warranty repairs, you must
request the needed repairs within
the WARRANTY PERIOD from an
authorized DDC service outlet. Only
new genuine parts or remanufactured
parts or components supplied or
approved by DDC will be used. DDC
may, at its discretion, replace rather
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
105
LIMITED WARRANTY ON NEW DETROIT DIESEL MBE 900 ENGINES USED
IN SCHOOL BUS APPLICATIONS
Warranty Period
Warranty Limitations
(Whichever Occurs First)
Item
Repair Charges to be
Paid by Owner
Months
Miles/
Kilometers
Parts
Labor
Engine
0-60
0-150,000 mi
0-240,000 km
No Charge
No Charge
Accessories
0-24
0-100,000 mi
0-160,000 km
No Charge
No Charge
Table 32
Warranty Period Chart — School Bus Applications
Service Supplies
The cost of service supplies such
as coolant, oil and filters which are
not reusable due to needed warranty
repairs is covered by this warranty.
Like Replacement Engine
Engine(s) supplied by DDC as a
replacement for an engine still under
warranty will assume the identity
of the engine being replaced and be
entitled to the remaining warranty
coverage.
This Warranty Does Not
Cover:
Repairs Due to Accidents,
Misuse, Storage Damage,
Negligence or Certain
Modifications
Repairs due to an accident, misuse,
misapplication, storage damage,
negligence or modification exceeding
DDC specifications are not covered by
this warranty.
Engine Removal and
Reinstallation
Reasonable labor costs for engine
removal and reinstallation, when
necessary to make a warranty repair,
are covered by this warranty.
106
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Maintenance
DDC is not responsible for the
cost of maintenance or repairs
due to lack of performance of
required maintenance services as
recommended by DDC, or the
failure to use fuel, oil, lubricants and
coolant meeting DDC-recommended
specifications. Performance of the
required maintenance and use of
proper fuel, oil, lubricants and coolant
are the responsibility of the owner.
Incidental or Consequential
Damages
Detroit Diesel Corporation is
not responsible for incidental or
consequential costs or expenses which
the owner may incur as a result of
a malfunction or failure covered by
this warranty, such as communication
expenses, meals, lodging, overtime,
towing, loss of use of the engine or
vehicle (“downtime”), loss of time,
inconvenience, cargo loss or damage,
and other similar costs and expenses.
THIS WARRANTY AND
THE EMISSIONS CONTROL
WARRANTY ARE THE ONLY
WARRANTIES APPLICABLE
TO THE ENGINE AS
USED IN SCHOOL BUS
APPLICATIONS. DETROIT DIESEL
CORPORATION MAKES NO
OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY
OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. DETROIT DIESEL
CORPORATION SHALL NOT BE
LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
AS DESCRIBED ABOVE.
Some states do not allow the limitation
of how long this warranty may last
or the limitation or exclusion of
incidental or consequential damages,
so the above may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal
rights, and you may also have other
rights which may vary from state to
state.
Other Limitations
Performance of REPAIRS is the
exclusive Owner's remedy under this
warranty. Detroit Diesel Corporation
does not authorize any person to
assume or create for it any other
obligation or liability in connection
with the engine or the accessories.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
107
LIMITED WARRANTY ON NEW DETROIT DIESEL MBE 900 ENGINES USED
IN FIRE TRUCK OR CRASH VEHICLE APPLICATIONS
LIMITED WARRANTY ON NEW DETROIT DIESEL
MBE 900 ENGINES USED IN FIRE TRUCK OR CRASH
VEHICLE APPLICATIONS
Terms of Coverage
Uses
This warranty applies to the first retail
purchaser and subsequent owners
during the WARRANTY PERIOD of
new Detroit Diesel MBE 900 Engines
(referred to as Engine) manufactured
by Detroit Diesel Corporation and/or
supplied by Detroit Diesel Corporation
or Detroit Diesel of Canada Limited
(which are collectively referred to as
DDC) for use in fire truck or crash
vehicle applications operated in the
United States or Canada.
Defects
This warranty covers Engine
REPAIRS to correct any malfunction
occurring during the WARRANTY
PERIOD resulting from defects in
material or workmanship.
may, at its discretion, replace rather
than repair components. A reasonable
time must be allowed to perform
the warranty repair after taking the
engine to the authorized service outlet.
The owner is responsible for the
percentage of repair costs shown in
the warranty period chart. Repairs will
be performed during normal business
hours.
Warranty Period
The WARRANTY PERIOD begins
on the date the engine is delivered
to the first retail purchaser or put in
use prior to sale at retail, whichever
date occurs first, and ends at the
time or mileage/kilometer limits
listed in Table 33, the WARRANTY
PERIOD chart.
Repairs
To obtain warranty repairs, you must
request the needed repairs within
the WARRANTY PERIOD from an
authorized DDC service outlet. Only
new genuine parts or remanufactured
parts or components supplied or
approved by DDC will be used. DDC
108
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Warranty Period
Warranty Limitations
(Whichever Occurs First)
Item
Repair Charges to be
Paid by Owner
Months
Miles/
Kilometers
Parts
Labor
Engine
0-60
0-150,000 mi
0-240,000 km
No Charge
No Charge
Accessories
0-24
0-100,000 mi
0-160,000 km
No Charge
No Charge
Table 33
Warranty Period Chart — Fire Truck/Crash Vehicle
Applications
Like Replacement Engine
Engine(s) supplied by DDC as a
replacement for an engine still under
warranty will assume the identity
of the engine being replaced and be
entitled to the remaining warranty
coverage.
Service Supplies
The cost of service supplies such
as coolant, oil and filters which are
not reusable due to needed warranty
repairs is covered by this warranty.
This Warranty Does Not
Cover:
Repairs Due to Accidents,
Misuse, Storage Damage,
Negligence or Certain
Modifications
Repairs due to an accident, misuse,
misapplication, storage damage,
negligence or modification exceeding
DDC specifications are not covered by
this warranty.
Engine Removal and
Reinstallation
Reasonable labor costs for engine
removal and reinstallation, when
necessary to make a warranty repair,
are covered by this warranty.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
109
LIMITED WARRANTY ON NEW DETROIT DIESEL MBE 900 ENGINES USED
IN FIRE TRUCK OR CRASH VEHICLE APPLICATIONS
Maintenance
DDC is not responsible for the
cost of maintenance or repairs
due to lack of performance of
required maintenance services as
recommended by DDC, or the
failure to use fuel, oil, lubricants and
coolant meeting DDC-recommended
specifications. Performance of the
required maintenance and use of
proper fuel, oil, lubricants and coolant
are the responsibility of the owner.
Incidental or Consequential
Damages
Detroit Diesel Corporation is
not responsible for incidental or
consequential costs or expenses which
the owner may incur as a result of
a malfunction or failure covered by
this warranty, such as communication
expenses, meals, lodging, overtime,
towing, loss of use of the engine or
vehicle (“downtime”), loss of time,
inconvenience, cargo loss or damage,
and other similar costs and expenses.
THIS WARRANTY AND
THE EMISSIONS CONTROL
WARRANTY ARE THE ONLY
WARRANTIES APPLICABLE
TO THE ENGINE AS USED IN
FIRE TRUCK OR CRASH VEHICLE
APPLICATIONS. DETROIT DIESEL
CORPORATION MAKES NO
OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY
OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. DETROIT DIESEL
CORPORATION SHALL NOT BE
LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
AS DESCRIBED ABOVE.
Some states do not allow the limitation
of how long this warranty may last
or the limitation or exclusion of
incidental or consequential damages,
so the above may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal
rights, and you may also have other
rights which may vary from state to
state.
Other Limitations
Performance of REPAIRS is the
exclusive Owner's remedy under this
warranty. Detroit Diesel Corporation
does not authorize any person to
assume or create for it any other
obligation or liability in connection
with the engine or the accessories.
110
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
LIMITED WARRANTY ON NEW DETROIT DIESEL MBE 900
ENGINES USED IN UNIMOG APPLICATIONS
Terms of Coverage
Uses
This warranty applies to the first
retail purchaser and subsequent
owners during the WARRANTY
PERIOD of new Detroit Diesel
MBE 900 Engines (referred to as
Engine) manufactured by Detroit
Diesel Corporation and/or supplied by
Detroit Diesel Corporation or Detroit
Diesel of Canada Limited (which are
collectively referred to as DDC) for
use in UNIMOG applications operated
in the United States or Canada.
Defects
This warranty covers Engine
REPAIRS to correct any malfunction
occurring during the WARRANTY
PERIOD resulting from defects in
material or workmanship.
than repair components. A reasonable
time must be allowed to perform
the warranty repair after taking the
engine to the authorized service outlet.
The owner is responsible for the
percentage of repair costs shown in
the warranty period chart. Repairs will
be performed during normal business
hours.
Warranty Period
The WARRANTY PERIOD begins
on the date the engine is delivered
to the first retail purchaser or put in
use prior to sale at retail, whichever
date occurs first, and ends at the
time or mileage/kilometer limits
listed in Table 34, the WARRANTY
PERIOD chart.
Repairs
To obtain warranty repairs, you must
request the needed repairs within
the WARRANTY PERIOD from an
authorized DDC service outlet. Only
new genuine parts or remanufactured
parts or components supplied or
approved by DDC will be used. DDC
may, at its discretion, replace rather
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
111
LIMITED WARRANTY ON NEW DETROIT DIESEL MBE 900 ENGINES USED
IN UNIMOG APPLICATIONS
Warranty Period
Warranty Limitations
(Whichever Occurs First)
Item
Repair Charges to
be Paid by Owner
Months
Hours
Miles/
Kilometers
Parts
Labor
Engine
24
Unlimited
Unlimited
No Charge
No
Charge
Accessories
24
Unlimited
Unlimited
No Charge
No
Charge
Table 34
Warranty Period Chart — UNIMOG Applications
Like Replacement Engine
Engine(s) supplied by DDC as a
replacement for an engine still under
warranty will assume the identity
of the engine being replaced and be
entitled to the remaining warranty
coverage.
Service Supplies
The cost of service supplies such
as coolant, oil and filters which are
not reusable due to needed warranty
repairs is covered by this warranty.
This Warranty Does Not
Cover:
Repairs Due to Accidents,
Misuse, Storage Damage,
Negligence or Certain
Modifications
Repairs due to an accident, misuse,
misapplication, storage damage,
negligence or modification exceeding
DDC specifications are not covered by
this warranty.
Engine Removal and
Reinstallation
Reasonable labor costs for engine
removal and reinstallation, when
necessary to make a warranty repair,
are covered by this warranty.
112
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MBE 900 OPERATOR'S GUIDE
Maintenance
DDC is not responsible for the
cost of maintenance or repairs
due to lack of performance of
required maintenance services as
recommended by DDC, or the
failure to use fuel, oil, lubricants and
coolant meeting DDC-recommended
specifications. Performance of the
required maintenance and use of
proper fuel, oil, lubricants and coolant
are the responsibility of the owner.
Incidental or Consequential
Damages
Detroit Diesel Corporation is
not responsible for incidental or
consequential costs or expenses which
the owner may incur as a result of
a malfunction or failure covered by
this warranty, such as communication
expenses, meals, lodging, overtime,
towing, loss of use of the engine or
vehicle (“downtime”), loss of time,
inconvenience, cargo loss or damage,
and other similar costs and expenses.
THIS WARRANTY AND
THE EMISSIONS CONTROL
WARRANTY ARE THE ONLY
WARRANTIES APPLICABLE
TO THE ENGINE AS USED
IN UNIMOG APPLICATIONS.
DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
MAKES NO OTHER
WARRANTIES EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY
OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. DETROIT DIESEL
CORPORATION SHALL NOT BE
LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
AS DESCRIBED ABOVE.
Some states do not allow the limitation
of how long this warranty may last
or the limitation or exclusion of
incidental or consequential damages,
so the above may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal
rights, and you may also have other
rights which may vary from state to
state.
Other Limitations
Performance of REPAIRS is the
exclusive Owner's remedy under this
warranty. Detroit Diesel Corporation
does not authorize any person to
assume or create for it any other
obligation or liability in connection
with the engine or the accessories.
All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 04/08)
DDC-SVC-MAN-0055 04/08 Copyright © 2008 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
113
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement