1.20 CYLINDER LINER

1.20 CYLINDER LINER
SERIES 60 SERVICE MANUAL
1.20 CYLINDER LINER
The cylinder liner is of the replaceable wet type, made of alloy cast iron, and is slip fit in the
cylinder block. See Figure 1-309.
1. Crevice Seal
4. O-ring Grooves
2. Crevice Seal Groove
5. D-ring Seals
3. Cylinder Liner
Figure 1-309
Cylinder Liner and Related Parts
Coolant in the cylinder block water jacket surrounds the liner and cools it directly. A cooling
channel is also cut into the liner immediately below the flange. Coolant flow through this channel
and around the rest of the liner controls critical ring and liner temperatures for long cylinder
component life.
All information subject to change without notice.
(Rev. 12/03)
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From Bulletin 23-60-03
1-379
1.20
CYLINDER LINER
The liner is inserted in the cylinder bore from the top of the cylinder block. The flange at the top
of the liner fits into a counter bore in the cylinder block. See Figure 1-310.
Figure 1-310
Cylinder Liner to Block Positioning
NOTE:
The cylinder liner, piston and connecting rod must be installed as a assembly in 14L
engines and 12.7L EGR On-Highway engines. Refer to section 1.18.
(Rev. 12/03)
1-380
From Bulletin 23-60-03
All information subject to change without notice.
6SE483 0303 Copyright © 2003 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
SERIES 60 SERVICE MANUAL
NOTICE:
The crevice seal prevents coolant from being pumped in and out
of the area adjacent to the liner lower block location which could
result in cavitation and corrosion damage to the liner and the
block.
A crevice seal, fitting in the wide uppermost groove in the liner helps to stabilize the liner in the
cylinder block bore. This system also keeps any debris that is in the cooling system from causing
abrasion damage to the upper "D" liner seal ring. See Figure 1-311.
Figure 1-311
Cylinder Liner Crevice Seal Cross-Section
All information subject to change without notice.
(Rev. 12/03)
6SE483 0303 Copyright © 2003 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
From Bulletin 23-60-03
1-381
1.20
CYLINDER LINER
Two teflon-coated, D-shaped seal rings, recessed in the lower two grooves in the cylinder liner,
are used between the liner and the block to prevent coolant and oil leakage. See Figure 1-312.
Figure 1-312
Cylinder Liner Seal Ring Cross-section
(Rev. 12/03)
1-382
From Bulletin 23-60-03
All information subject to change without notice.
6SE483 0303 Copyright © 2003 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
SERIES 60 SERVICE MANUAL
A weep hole for each cylinder is drilled through the cylinder block exterior, into the cylinder bore
area. This weep hole is located between the two D-shaped seal rings. It is used to determine if
engine coolant is leaking past the upper liner seal, or if oil is leaking past the lower liner seal.
See Figure 1-313. A special rubber plug prevents dirt from getting into the "D" seal ring areas
and causing abrasive damage. At the same time it allows leaking oil or coolant a path out of the
engine for detection.
Figure 1-313
Weep Hole Plug Locations
All information subject to change without notice.
(Rev. 12/03)
6SE483 0303 Copyright © 2003 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
From Bulletin 23-60-03
1-383
1.20
CYLINDER LINER
1.20.1
Repair or Replacement of Cylinder Liner
To determine if repair is possible or replacement is necessary, perform the following procedure.
See Figure 1-314.
Figure 1-314
Flowchart for Repair or Replacement of Cylinder Liner
(Rev. 12/03)
1-384
From Bulletin 23-60-03
All information subject to change without notice.
6SE483 0303 Copyright © 2003 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
SERIES 60 SERVICE MANUAL
1.20.2
Removal and Cleaning of Cylinder Liner
Precleaning is not necessary.
NOTICE:
Refer to section 1.18.2 for removal of 14L and 12.7L EGR
ON-Highway Cylinder Liner, Piston and Connecting Rod
assembly.
NOTICE:
The proper method must be followed when removing a cylinder
liner. Damage to the liner and the cylinder block may occur if the
proper tools and procedures are not used.
1. Remove the piston and connecting rod as an assembly. Refer to section 1.18.2.
All information subject to change without notice.
(Rev. 12/03)
6SE483 0303 Copyright © 2003 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
From Bulletin 23-60-03
1-385
1.20
CYLINDER LINER
2. Remove the cylinder liner with cylinder liner remover, J 45876 . See Figure 1-315.
Figure 1-315
Cylinder Liner Removal Tool J 45876
[a]
Ease the liner removal tool down into the liner.
[b]
Turn the nut on tool J 45876 in a clockwise direction to remove liner from the block.
NOTE:
After removing liners from an engine and prior to installing liners, always store them in
an upright position until ready for use. Liners left on their side for any length of time
can become egg-shaped and distorted, making installation in cylinder bores difficult or
impossible. If the cylinder liners are to be reused, they should be marked for cylinder
location and engine orientation, a paint mark can be used to indicate the front of engine
so they may be installed to the same cylinder from which they were removed.
[c]
Remove the tool from the liner.
(Rev. 12/03)
1-386
From Bulletin 23-60-03
All information subject to change without notice.
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SERIES 60 SERVICE MANUAL
[d]
1.20.2.1
Remove the seals (all three) from the liner and discard them.
Cleaning of the Cylinder Liner
Clean the cylinder liner prior to inspection as follows:
1. If cleaning a new or used liner, wash the liner with a strong detergent and warm water
solution, scrubbing with a non-metallic bristle brush.
2. Rinse with hot water or steam.
To avoid injury from flying debris when using compressed
air, wear adequate eye protection (face shield or safety
goggles) and do not exceed 40 psi (276 kPa) air pressure.
3. Dry the liner with compressed air.
NOTICE:
If the liners are not to be installed at this time, oil them lightly with
clean engine lubricating oil and store them upright in a clean, dry
area. Do not allow the liners to rest on their sides and do not
store anything on top of the liners.
4. Coat the bore of the liner with clean engine lubricating oil.
5. Allow the liner to sit for 10 minutes (to allow the oil to work into the surface finish).
6. Wipe the inside of the liner with clean, white paper towels.
7. If a dark residue appears on the towels, repeat the oiling and wiping procedure until
residue no longer appears.
1.20.2.2
Inspection of Cylinder Liner
Inspect the cylinder liner as follows:
1. Inspect the cylinder liner.
[a]
Check the cylinder liner for cracks or scoring.
[b]
If any of these are detected, replace with a new part.
All information subject to change without notice.
(Rev. 12/03)
6SE483 0303 Copyright © 2003 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
From Bulletin 23-60-03
1-387
1.20
CYLINDER LINER
NOTICE:
If
Erosion is due to poor cooling system maintenance.
uncorrected, it will eventually make holes through the liner. This
can result in combustion gases blowing water out of the radiator,
oil in the coolant, or when the engine is stopped will allow water
to flow into the cylinder and result in major engine damage due
to water in the oil or hydraulic lockup.
[c]
Check the cylinder liner for cavitation erosion. See Figure 1-316.
1. Cracks
3. Erosion
2. Cylinder Liner
Figure 1-316
[d]
Cylinder Liner Cavitation Erosion
If cavitation erosion occurs, replace with a new part. Refer to section 1.20.3.
NOTICE:
Series 60 cylinder liners are honed at the factory with a process
that cannot be duplicated in the field. For this reason, honing of
used liners should not be attempted.
2. Inspect the outside diameter of the liner.
[a]
Check liner for fretting.
[b]
If any fretting is found, remove it from the surface of the liner with a coarse, flat stone.
(Rev. 12/03)
1-388
From Bulletin 23-60-03
All information subject to change without notice.
6SE483 0303 Copyright © 2003 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
SERIES 60 SERVICE MANUAL
3. Inspect the liner flange.
[a]
Check the liner flange for cracks, smoothness and flatness on both the top and
bottom surfaces.
[b]
If these are detected, replace with a new part.
4. Inspect the block bore and cylinder liner.
[a]
Measure the block bore and the outside diameter of the liner. The liner specifications
are listed in Table 1-16. The block specifications are listed in Table 1-15.
Refer to section 1.1.3.3 for procedures.
[b]
If the liner does not meet specification, replace with a new part.
All information subject to change without notice.
(Rev. 12/03)
6SE483 0303 Copyright © 2003 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
From Bulletin 23-60-03
1-389
1.20
CYLINDER LINER
5. Inspect inside diameter of cylinder liners.
[a]
Set the cylinder bore gage on zero in master setting fixture. Use cylinder bore gage,
J 5347-B, to measure the inside diameter of the liner of various points. The maximum
diameter of a used liner is 130.100 mm (5.122 in.) for 12.7 and 11.1 L and 133.100
mm (5.244 in.) for 14L at any measurement location. See Figure 1-317. Also check
the liner for taper and out-of-round.
Figure 1-317
[b]
Cylinder Liner Measurement Diagram
If the taper and out-of-round exceed 0.025 mm (0.001 in.), replace with a new part.
6. Inspect the cylinder liner.
[a]
Check the seal ring and crevice seal grooves for burrs or sharp edges.
[b]
If any are detected, smooth with an emery cloth.
(Rev. 12/03)
1-390
From Bulletin 23-60-03
All information subject to change without notice.
6SE483 0303 Copyright © 2003 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
SERIES 60 SERVICE MANUAL
1.20.3
Installation of Cylinder Liner
Install the cylinder liner as follows:
NOTE:
Refer to section 1.18 for 14L and 12.7L EGR On-Highway liner, piston and connecting
rod procedure.
1. Wipe the inside and outside of the liner clean. Be sure the block bore and counter bore
are clean, so the liner flange will seat properly. The block counter bore depth must be
8.9255-8.9662 mm (0.3514 -0.3530 in.) and must not vary more than 0.04 mm (0.0016
in.) in depth around the circumference. No two adjacent block counter bores may range in
depth more than 0.025 mm (0.001 in.) when gaged along the longitudinal cylinder block
centerline. Specifications are listed in Table 1-15, and listed in Table 1-16.
NOTE:
Thoroughly clean the cylinder block liner counter bores to remove any foreign material.
Foreign material in the cylinder liner counter bores can cause the liner to seat improperly.
2. Lubricate the seal rings and crevice seal with clean petroleum jelly.
3. Install two new seal rings and a new crevice seal into their respective grooves in the liner.
4. Insert the cylinder liner into the cylinder bore.
NOTE:
Do not exert excessive force on the liner, while pushing it down.
All information subject to change without notice.
(Rev. 12/03)
6SE483 0303 Copyright © 2003 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
From Bulletin 23-60-03
1-391
1.20
CYLINDER LINER
5. Install J 35597-A, over the liner to be installed. See Figure 1-318.
NOTE:
It is necessary to leave the cylinder liner installation tool in place until after the liner
protrusion is measured.
Figure 1-318
Cylinder Liner Instalation Tools
6. Thread three cylinder head bolts through the tool and into a head bolt hole, so that the
round shoe of the tool is centered over the liner.
7. Tighten the bolts.
NOTE:
It is not necessary to torque the bolts.
8. Turn the threaded center bolt in a clockwise direction. As the round shoe of the tool
reaches the liner, ensure that the shoe is properly positioned into the cylinder liner.
9. Continue turning the bolt until the liner bottoms in the cylinder counterbore. Apply a
tightening torque of 60 N·m (44 lb·ft) to the installation tool center bolt.
10. Install a dial indicator sled gage. See Figure 1-298.
(Rev. 12/03)
1-392
From Bulletin 23-60-03
All information subject to change without notice.
6SE483 0303 Copyright © 2003 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
SERIES 60 SERVICE MANUAL
11. Measure the distance from the top of the liner flange to the top of the block.
See Figure 1-319.
[a]
Allowable liner protrusion is -0.0127-0.0762 mm (-0.0005-0.003 in.) with no
more than 0.0508 mm (0.002 in.) variation between any two adjacent cylinders.
Specifications are listed in Table 1-16.
[b]
If the liner protrusion exceeds the maximum allowable, remove the liner and check
for debris under the liner flange.
Figure 1-319
Cylinder Liner Protrusion
12. Remove the cylinder liner tool.
13. With all of the cylinder liners installed and the liner protrusion measurements within
specifications, install the piston and connecting rod assemblies. Refer to section 1.18.5.
All information subject to change without notice.
(Rev. 12/03)
6SE483 0303 Copyright © 2003 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
From Bulletin 23-60-03
1-392a
1.20
CYLINDER LINER
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(Rev. 12/03)
1-392b
From Bulletin 23-60-03
All information subject to change without notice.
6SE483 0303 Copyright © 2003 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
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