English - AutoXray

English - AutoXray
User ’s Manual
CP9140
Counter Tool
Tool Information
Complete the following list using the
function “Tool Information” on page 3-4.
Provide this information when contacting
customer support.
Serial No:
SW ID:
HW Ver:
Boot Ver:
Prod ID:
Board ID:
Burn Date:
Burn Loc:
Copyright Information
Copyright © 2005 SPX Corporation.
All rights reserved.
The information, specifications and illustrations in this
manual are based on the latest information available at the
time of printing. SPX Corporation reserves the right to
make changes at any time without notice.
Safety Precautions
For your safety, read this manual thoroughly before operating your Counter Tool.
The safety messages presented below and throughout this user’s manual are
reminders to the operator to exercise extreme care when using this test
instrument.
It is assumed the operator has a thorough understanding of vehicle systems.
Understanding of these system principles and operating theories is necessary for
competent, safe and accurate use of this instrument.
Read All Instructions
Read, understand and follow all safety messages and instructions in this manual
and on the test equipment. Safety messages in this section of the manual contain
a signal word with a three-part message and, in some instances, an icon. The
signal word indicates the level of the hazard in a situation.
Safety Messages
Safety messages are provided to help prevent personal injury and equipment
damage. All safety messages are introduced by a signal word indicating the
hazard level. The types of safety messages are:
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, will result in death or serious injury to the operator
or to bystanders.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in death or serious injury to the
operator or to bystanders.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, may result in moderate or minor injury to the
operator or to bystanders.
Indicates a situation which, if not avoided, may result in
damage to the test equipment or vehicle.
Safety messages contain three different type styles.
• Normal type states the hazard.
• Bold type states how to avoid the hazard.
• Italic type states the possible consequences of not avoiding the hazard.
An icon, when present, gives a graphical description of the potential hazard.
Example:
Engine systems can malfunction expelling fuel, oil vapors, hot
steam, hot toxic exhaust gases, acid, refrigerant and other
debris.
Wear safety goggles and protective gloves, user and
bystander. Everyday eyeglasses only have impact resistant
lenses, they are NOT safety glasses.
Engine systems that malfunction can cause injury.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Safety – i
Safety Precautions • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Important Safety Instructions
Risk of electric shock.
• Do not exceed voltage limits between inputs as indicated
• Use extreme caution when working with circuits that
have greater than 60 volts DC or 24 volts AC.
Electric shock can cause injury.
Risk of explosion.
• Wear safety goggles and protective clothing, user and
bystander. Everyday eyeglasses only have impact
resistant lenses, they are NOT safety glasses.
• Do not use this system in environments where explosive
vapor may collect, such as in below-ground pits,
confined areas, or areas that are less than 18 inches
above the floor.
• Use this equipment in locations with mechanical
ventilation providing at least four air changes per hour.
• Flammable fuel and vapors can ignite.
• Do not smoke, strike a match, or cause a spark in the
vicinity of the battery. Battery gases can ignite.
• Avoid making accidental connection between battery
terminals. Do not place uninsulated metal tools on the
battery.
• When removing battery cables, remove ground cable
first.
• Avoid sparks when connecting or disconnecting power
leads to battery.
• Be sure ignition is OFF, headlights and other accessories
are OFF and vehicle doors are closed before
disconnecting battery cables. This also helps prevent
damage to on-board computer systems.
• Always disconnect battery ground connections before
servicing electrical system components.
Explosion can cause injury.
Risk of poisoning.
• Use this equipment in locations with mechanical
ventilation providing at least four air changes per hour.
Engine exhaust contains odorless lethal gas.
• Route exhaust outside while testing with engine running.
Poisoning can result in death or serious injury.
Battery acid is a highly corrosive sulfuric acid.
• Wear safety goggles and protective gloves, user and
bystander. Everyday eyeglasses only have impact
resistant lenses, they are NOT safety glasses.
• Make sure someone can hear you or is close enough to
provide aid when working near a battery.
• Have plenty of fresh water and soap nearby. If battery
acid contacts skin, clothing, or eyes, flush exposed area
with soap and water for 10 minutes.
• Seek medical help.
• Do not touch eyes while working near battery.
Battery acid can burn eyes and skin.
Safety – ii • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Safety Precautions
Risk of fire.
• Wear safety goggles and protective clothing, user and
bystander. Everyday eyeglasses only have impact
resistant lenses, they are NOT safety glasses.
• Do not position head directly over or in front of throttle
body. Do not pour gasoline down throttle body when
cranking or running engine, when working with fuel
delivery systems or any open fuel line. Engine backfire
can occur when air cleaner is out of position.
• Do not use fuel injector cleaning solvents when
performing diagnostic testing.
• Keep cigarettes, sparks, open flame and other sources of
ignition away from vehicle.
• Keep a dry chemical (Class B) fire extinguisher rated for
gasoline, chemical and electrical fires in work area.
Fire can cause death or serious injury.
Risk of flying particles.
Wear safety goggles while using electrical equipment.
Electrical equipment or rotating engine parts can cause
flying particles.
Flying particles can cause eye injury.
Risk of burns.
Batteries can produce a short-circuit current high enough to
weld jewelry to metal. Remove jewelry such as rings,
bracelets and watches before working near batteries.
Short circuits can cause injury.
Risk of expelling fuel, oil vapors, hot steam, hot toxic exhaust
gases, acid, refrigerant and other debris.
• Wear safety goggles and protective clothing, user and
bystander. Everyday eyeglasses only have impact
resistant lenses, they are NOT safety glasses.
• Engine systems can malfunction expelling fuel, oil
vapors, hot steam, hot toxic exhaust gases, acid,
refrigerant and other debris.
Fuel, oil vapors, hot steam, hot toxic exhaust gases, acid,
refrigerant and other debris can cause serious injury.
The engine compartment contains electrical connections and
hot or moving parts.
• Keep yourself, test leads, clothing and other objects
clear of electrical connections and hot or moving engine
parts.
• Do not wear watches, rings, or loose fitting clothing
when working in an engine compartment.
• Do not place test equipment or tools on fenders or other
places in the engine compartment.
• Barriers are recommended to help identify danger zones
in test area.
• Prevent personnel from walking through immediate test
area.
Contact with electrical connections and hot or moving parts can
cause injury.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Safety – iii
Safety Precautions • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Risk of injury.
• This equipment should be operated by qualified
personnel only.
• Use this equipment only as described in this manual.
Use only the manufacturer’s recommended attachments.
• Do not operate equipment with a damaged cord or if the
equipment has been dropped or damaged, until it has
been examined by a qualified service representative.
Operation of this equipment by anyone other than qualified
personnel may result in injury.
Risk of unexpected vehicle movement.
• Block drive wheels before testing with engine running.
• Unless instructed otherwise, set parking brake and put
gear selector in neutral for standard transmissions or
park for automatic transmissions.
• If vehicle has an automatic parking brake release,
disconnect release mechanism for testing and reconnect
when testing is completed.
• Do not leave a running engine unattended.
A moving vehicle can cause injury.
Risk of equipment or circuit damage.
• Unless specifically directed by the manufacturer, make
sure the ignition is OFF before connecting or
disconnecting connectors or any vehicle electrical
terminals.
• Do not create a short between battery terminals with a
jumper wire or tools.
Improper equipment use can cause equipment or circuit
damage.
Misdiagnosis may lead to incorrect or improper repair and/or
adjustment.
Do not rely on erratic, questionable, or obviously erroneous
test information or results. If test information or results are
erratic, questionable, or obviously erroneous, make sure
that all connections and data entry information are correct
and that the test procedure was performed correctly. If test
information or results are still suspicious, do not use them
for diagnosis.
Improper repair and/or adjustment may cause vehicle or
equipment damage or unsafe operation.
Some vehicles are equipped with air bags. You must follow
vehicle service manual’s warnings when working around the air
bag components or wiring. If the service manual’s instructions
are not followed, the air bag may open up unexpectedly,
resulting in personal injury. Note that the air bag can still open
up several minutes after the ignition key is off (or even if the
vehicle battery is disconnected) because of a special energy
reserve module.
Safety – iv • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Safety Precautions
Part 1 – Using This Manual
Part 2 – Getting Started
Vehicle Service Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Diagnostic Link Connectors (DLC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Ford Historic (OBD I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
EEC-IV System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
MCU System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Ford Enhanced OBDII System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
GM Historic (OBD I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
ALDL DLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Corvettes & Fieros: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Enhanced OBD II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Chrysler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
SCI (Serial Communication Interface) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
LH-series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Part 3 – Using The Tool
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Internal Battery Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Vehicle Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Tool Navigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
User Responses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Tool Power-Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Tool Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Compatible Printers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Cabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Serial Port Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
RS232 Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Changing the Printer Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Print Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
ToC
Table of Contents
ToC
Part 4 – Diagnostics
Vehicle Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Keep Current Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Changing the Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Global OBD II Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Read Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Erase Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
GM Historical Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Read Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Erase Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
GM Enhanced OBD II Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Read Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Erase Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Ford Historical Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Read KOEO Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Read KOER Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Erase Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Ford Enhanced OBD II System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Read Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Erase Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
Chrysler Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Read Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Erase Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Import Enhanced (OBD II) Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
Manual Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
I/M Readiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
Read Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
Pending Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
Erase Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
View Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
View Freeze Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
O2 Monitor Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
Diagnostic Monitor Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
Record Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
Vehicle Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
Review Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
Print Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
Code Lookup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
How to Use On-Line Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Tool Does Not Power Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Using Non-OBD II Adapter Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5-1
Using J1962 (OBD II) or Chrysler LH Adapter Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5-1
Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Vehicle Communication Fault . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5-2
Operating Error or Erroneous Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5-2
Battery Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Tool Self-Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Display Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5-4
Keyboard Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5-4
Memory Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5-5
Printer Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5-5
Program Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5-6
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Appendix A – Data Link Connectors
Appendix B – Glossary
Appendix C – Most Asked Questions
ToC
Part 5 – Help & Troubleshooting
ToC
Part 1
Using This Manual
This manual provides instructions to setup and use your Counter Tool. A glossary
and application charts provide valuable reference material.
Some of the information shown in text or illustrations is obtained using optional
equipment. A Sales Representative can determine option availability.
This section contains a list of conventions used.
Safety Messages
Refer to “Safety Precautions at the beginning of this manual.
Check Note
A check note provides additional information about the subject in the preceding
paragraph.
Example:
✓
Make sure the printer is turned on, on-line and connected.
Tips and Lists
Tips and lists provide information that applies to specific systems and processes.
Each tip is introduced by this icon ❒ for easy identification.
Example:
❒ Use the UP/DOWN arrow keys to move up/down through the display or
move the cursor (`) to a selectable item.
Equipment Damage
Situations arise during testing that could damage the vehicle or the test
equipment. The word IMPORTANT signals these situations.
Example:
The diagnostic functions apply to Ford, GM, Chrysler and
Global OBD II vehicles. Screens may differ slightly for
vehicle make and year.
Functions and Selections
Diagnostic and tool functions performed by the tool are highlighted in bold.
Example:
Select Read Codes and press ENTER.
Menus
The menus on the tool display are referenced in the procedures and are
highlighted in bold-italic text.
Example:
Press the ENTER key to return to theGM Function List.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 1–1
1
Using This Manual • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Questions and Responses
Messages and user responses are CAPITALIZED.
Example:
Selecting NO displays a COMMAND CANCELLED message prompting you to
press ENTER to continue back to the OBDII Function List.
Manual References
1
Used to reference other sections of the manual. References include the “Title”
and page number (section-page).
Example:
After retrieving the codes, use Print Data to view them.
Screens
Certain Help messages, information, and data that are displayed on the tool are
also shown in graphical text boxes. The screens are presented as examples and
may change as the software is updated.
Example:
Main Menu
` Vehicle Diagnosis
Print Codes
Tool Setup
|
[
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Part 2
Getting Started
VEHICLE SERVICE INFORMATION
The following is a list of publishers who have manuals containing electronic
engine control diagnostic information. Some manuals may be available at auto
parts stores or your local public library. For others, you need to write for availability
and pricing, specifying the make, model and year of your vehicle.
The following is a list of web sites and phone numbers where electronic engine
control diagnostic information is available.
✓
Some manuals may be available at auto parts stores or local public libraries.
Domestic Vehicles
Web Site
Phone Number
Chevrolet
Pontiac
Oldsmobile
Buick
Cadillac
Saturn
www.chevrolet.com
www.pontiac.com
www.oldsmobile.com
www.buick.com
www.cadillac.com
www.saturn.com
1-800-551-4123
1-800-551-4123
1-800-551-4123
1-800-551-4123
1-800-333-4CAD
1-800-553-6000
Ford
Lincoln
Mercury
www.ford.com
www.lincoln.com
www.mercury.com
1-800-392-3673
1-800-392-3673
1-800-392-3673
Chrysler
Dodge
Plymouth
Eagle
www.chrysler.com
www.dodge.com
Not Available
Not Available
1-800-348-4696
1-800-348-4696
1-800-348-4696
1-800-348-4696
www.audi.com
www.vw.com
www.bmw.com
www.mini.com
www.jaguar.com
www.volvo.com
www.mercedes-benz.com
www.landrover.com
www.porsche.com
www.saab.com
1-800-544-8021
1-800-544-8021
1-201-307-4000
1-201-307-4000
1-800-4-JAGUAR
1-800-458-1552
1-800-367-6372
1-800-637-6837
1-800-PORSCHE
1-800-955-9007
General Motors
Ford
Chrysler
European Vehicles
Audi
Volkswagon
BMW
MINI
Jaguar
Volvo
Mercedes
Land Rover
Porsche
Saab
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 2–1
2
Getting Started • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Asian Vehicles
2
Web Site
Acura
Honda
Lexus
Scion
Toyota
Hyundai
Infiniti
Nissian
Kia
Mazda
Daewoo
Subaru
Isuzu
Geo
Mitsubishi
Suzuki
Phone Number
www.acura.com
www.honda.com
www.lexus.com
www.scion.com
www.toyota.com
www.hyundai.com
www.infiniti.com
www.nissianusa.com
www.kia.com
www.mazda.com
www.daewoo.com
www.subaru.com
www.isuzu.com
Not Available
www.mitsubishi.com
www.suzukiauto.com
1-800-999-1009
1-800-999-1009
1-800-255-3987
1.866.70.SCION
1-800-GO-TOYOTA
1-800-633-5151
1-800-662-6200
1-800-nissian1
1-800-333-4542
1-800-222-5500
1-822-759-2114
1-800-SUBARU3
1-800-255-6727
Not Available
1-888-MITSU2004
1-800-934-0934
www.chiltonsonline.com
www.haynes.com
www.bentleypublishers.com
1-800-347-7707
1-800-242-4637
1-800-423-4595
Other Manuals
Chilton Book Company
Haynes Publications
Bentley Publishers
‘
Repair Information Programs
Mitchell
Alldata
www.mitchell1.com
www.alldata.com
1-888-724-6742
1-800-697-2533
2 – 2• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Getting Started
DIAGNOSTIC LINK CONNECTORS (DLC)
The Data Link Connector (DLC)
allows the tool to communicate
with the vehicle’s computer(s).
Before OBD II, manufacturers
used different data link
connectors to communicate with
the vehicle. The proper DLC
adapter cable must be use to
connect the tool to the vehicle.
Also, the vehicle’s DLC may be found in several different places and have many
different configurations OBD II (J1962) DLC
The DLC should be located under the dashboard on the driver side of the vehicle.
If the DLC is not located under the dashboard as stated, a decal describing its
location should be attached to the dashboard in the area the DLC should have
been located.
Because the OBD II J1962 connector has power and ground, you only need a
single cable connection to the tool for both power and tool communications.
Attach the OBD II adapter cable to the extender cable, both supplied with the tool,
to connect the tool. Certain pins in the connector are reserved.
1 - Manufacturer Reserved
2 - J1850 Bus+
3 - Manufacturer Reserved
4 - Chassis Ground
5 - Signal Ground
6 - CAN High, J-2284
7 - K Line, ISO 9141-2 & ISO/DIS 14230-4
8 - Manufacturer Reserved
9 - Manufacturer Reserved
10 - J1850 Bus
11 - Manufacturer Reserved
12 - Manufacturer Reserved
13 14 15 16 -
1
8
9
16
Manufacturer Reserved
CAN Low, J-2284
L Line, ISO 9141-2 & ISO/DIS 14230-4
Battery Power
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 2–3
2
Getting Started • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
• Ford Historic (OBD I)
Since 1984, Ford used several different types of powertrain control modules (PCM).
With the proper adapter cables, your tool will be able to read these systems as well.
EEC-IV System
The EEC-IV computer
system uses a large
six-sided connector and a
pigtail connector.
P/N CP9128
MCU System
2
The MCU computer
system uses the same
six-sided connector, but
NOT the pigtail connector.
Leave the pigtail
unattached.
Ford Enhanced OBDII System
Ford OBD II vehicles follow the Government guideline and use the OBD II adapter
cable.
• GM Historic (OBD I)
Prior to1996, most GM vehicles used the standard 12-pin Assembly Line
Diagnostic Link (ALDL). Use the GM ALDL cable kit (p/n CP9127) which includes
the ALDL adapter and cigarette lighter power cable for these vehicles. In 1994 &
1995, certain GM vehicles used the J1962 DLC.
ALDL DLC
The ALDL DLCs are usually
located under the dashboard on
the driver’s side.
ALDL
Corvettes & Fieros:
Sometimes, the DLC is located in the center console behind the ashtray. Refer to
vehicle service manual for exact location. It may be in full view, or it may be
recessed behind a panel. An opening in the panel should allow access to the
recessed connector.
Enhanced OBD II
Beginning in 1994, some GM vehicles switched to a 16-pin DLC. By 1996, all GM
cars and light trucks use the OBD II connector. If your vehicle uses this connector
use the OBD II adapter cable. Power to the tool is supplied through this cable.
2 – 4• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Getting Started
• Chrysler
SCI (Serial Communication Interface)
SCI
The SCI DTC’s is a 6-pin connector located in the engine
compartment. The adapter cable to be used on these
vehicles and is supplied with the tool. This cable is
labeled CHRY on the 15 pin DB style connector and SCI
on the vehicle end.
LH-series
The LH-series data link connector is used on LH platform vehicles. The LH style
DLC is a small, blue, rectangular 6-pin connector located in the passenger
compartment below the dashboard to the right of the steering column.
The LH Adapter Cable (P/N CP9130) is optional and MUST be purchased
separately.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 2–5
2
Getting Started • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCS)
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) consist of a five-digit alphanumeric code. The
DTC format and general code types are shown below. When the on-board
computer recognizes and identifies a problem, a DTC for that fault is stored in
memory. These codes are intended to help you determine the root cause of a
problem.
2
Bx - Body
Cx - Chassis
Px - Powertrain
Ux - Network Comm.
x = 0, 1, 2 or 3
P0 1 0 1
Specific Fault Designation
Vehicle Specific System
Example:
P0101 - Mass or Volume Air Flow Circuit Range/Performance Problem
Powertrain Codes
P0xxx - Generic (SAE)
P1xxx - Manufacturer Specific
P2xxx - Generic (SAE)
P30xx-P33xx - Manufacturer Specific
P34xx-P39xx - Generic (SAE)
Chassis Codes
C0xxx - Generic (SAE)
C1xxx - Manufacturer Specific
C2xxx - Manufacturer Specific
C3xxx - Generic (SAE)
Body Codes
B0xxx - Generic (SAE)
B1xxx - Manufacturer Specific
B2xxx - Manufacturer Specific
B3xxx - Generic (SAE)
Network Communication Codes
U0xxx - Generic (SAE)
U1xxx - Manufacturer Specific
U2xxx - Manufacturer Specific
U3xxx - Generic (SAE)
Within each general category, the DTCs are assigned to specific ranges that
cover certain vehicle systems.
Lower Upper
P0000 P00FF
P0100 P02FF
P0300 P03FF
P0400 P04FF
P0500 P05FF
P0600 P06FF
P0700 P09FF
P0A00 P0AFF
P1000 P10FF
P1100 P12FF
P1300 P13FF
P1400 P14FF
P1500 P15FF
Assigned DTC System
Fuel Air Metering Auxiliary Emission
Controls
Fuel Air Metering
Ignition System or Misfire
Auxiliary Emission Controls
Vehicle Speed Idle Speed Control
Auxiliary Inputs
Computer and Auxiliary Outputs
Transmission
Hybrid Propulsion
Man Control Fuel and Air Metering,
Auxiliary Emission Controls
Manufacturer Control. Fuel and Air
Metering
Manufacturer Control. Ignition System
or Misfire
Manufacturer Control. Auxiliary
emission Controls
Manufacturer Control Veh.Spd. Idle
Speed Control Auxiliary Inputs
Lower Upper
P1600 P16FF
P1700 P19FF
P2000 P22FF
P2300
P2400
P2500
P2600
P2700
P23FF
P24FF
P25FF
P26FF
P27FF
P2900 P32FF
P3300
P3400
U0000
U0100
U0300
U0400
P33FF
P34FF
U00FF
U02FF
U03FF
U04FF
Assigned DTC System
Manufacturer Control. Auxiliary Inputs
Auxiliary Outputs
Manufacturer Control. Transmission
Fuel Air Metering Auxiliary Emission
Controls
Ignition System or Misfire
Auxiliary Emission Controls
Auxiliary Inputs
Computer and Auxiliary Outputs
Transmission
Fuel Air Metering Auxiliary Emission
Controls
Ignition System or Misfire
Cylinder Deactivation
Network Electrical
Network Communication
Network Software
Network Data
2 – 6• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Part 3
Using The Tool
DESCRIPTION
B DB15 Male Connector – provides connection for vehicle interface and for a serial
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
a
port via the RS232 Adapter (CP9119)
12V Power Jack– provides power connection.
LCD Display – 4 line x 20 character.
HELP key – accesses the Help function.
LEFT/RIGHT arrows – Select responses and moves cursor (^) in code lookup.
ON/OFF key – turns power ON/OFF when not connected to vehicle.
ENTER key – selects displayed items.
UP/DOWN arrows – moves the selection pointer (`) and scrolls UP or DOWN.
BACK key – go back and redo previous selections or correct mistake.
Battery compartment – houses the 9V battery.
Front of Tool
D
B
C
E
H
F
I
G
j
a
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 3–1
3
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• Specifications
Display: LCD, 4 line, 20 column
Operating Temperature: 0 to 50°C (32 to 122°F)
Storage Temperature: -20 to 70°C (-4 to 158°F)
Internal Power: 9V cell (Type 6LR61)
External Power: 6.5 to 15.5 Volts
✓
Most vehicle control modules require at least 8.0 V to operate properly.
Power Dissipation: 3.5 Watts maximum
Dimensions:
Height
Width
1.563"
40 mm
4.5"
114 mm
Length
9.125”
232 mm
Weight: 33.1oz (918 g)
3
• Accessories
Standard 8 ft Extender Cable
Battery Power Cable (includes cigarette lighter adapter)
– included with adapter cable kits
– CP9118 Battery Clip Adapter — Included
Adapter Cables: Standard OBD II (J1962) cable — Included
CP9127 GM ALDL cable kit — Included
CP9128 Ford EEC-IV/MCU cable kit — Included
CP9129 Chrysler SCI cable kit — Included
CP9130 Chrysler LH cable kit — Optional
CP9131 Ford MECS cable kit — Optional
Serial Adapter: CP9119 RS232 Adapter
Carrying Case: CP9133, hard-plastic
Optional / Replacement Parts are available from the:
• dealer where you originally purchased your tool.
• manufacturer contact customer service at 1-800-228-7667 (8:00 – 6:00 EST
Monday – Friday) or send an email to [email protected]
• Display
The tool uses a 4 line by 20 character, Liquid Crystal Display (LCD). The large
viewing area displays Help messages, instructions, and diagnostic information.
Five characters help you navigate and
operate the tool:
| appears in upper right corner of display to indicate Help is available.
` identifies the selection.
[ indicates additional information is
Main Menu
` Print Codes
Tool Setup
Tool Self-Test
|
]
[
available on the next screen.
] indicates additional information is available on the previous screen.
Low battery symbol will appear in bottom right-hand corner of the screen at
power-up if the internal batteries need replacement or are not installed.
• Keyboard
The tool’s software is designed for ease in operating and navigating through
menus. Do not use solvents such as alcohol to clean the keypad or display. Use
a mild nonabrasive detergent and a soft cotton cloth. Do not soak the keypad as
water might find its way inside the tool.
3–2 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• Power
Refer to “Tool Does Not Power Up” on
page 5-1 if you encounter problems.
Internal power cannot be used for vehicle
diagnostics. Power must be provided
through the data link connector or 12V
power jack. A message displays if power
is not connected.
You Must Plug Tool
Into Vehicle DLC
For This Operation
Press ENTER to Cont
Internal Battery Power
The tool contains a 9V battery that provides power for remote printing and tool programing. Press and hold down the ON/OFF key for at least one second to turn ON
the tool. Each time the tool is powered up, the voltage of the batteries is checked.
If the voltage is low, the Low Battery Symbol () displays on the screen. Replace
batteries using the instructions provided in “Battery Replacement” on page 5-3.
✓
✓
If tool is stored for long periods, remove the batteries to prevent electrolyte
leakage from damaging the battery compartment.
To conserve the battery, the Tool turns Off after 2 minutes.
Vehicle Power
When using the OBD II J1962 or Chrysler LH adapter cables, the power to the tool
comes from vehicle Data Link Connector (DLC). All other vehicles will require
power connection to the cigarette lighter, accessory plug, or the vehicle battery
using battery clip adapters. Refer to “Part A – Data Link Connectors”.
Some vehicle cigarette lighters are not powered when the ignition is in the OFF
position. Therefore, you may wish to use battery clip adapters.
CP9118 Battery Clip Adapter
Cigarette Lighter Adapter
TOOL NAVIGATION
• User Interface
All menu and lists are intuitive and operate the same way.
❒ Use the UP/DOWN arrow keys to move up/down through the display or
move the cursor (`) to a selectable item.
❒ Press the ENTER key to select the function or item.
❒ To return to previous screens, press the BACK key.
❒ This information can be viewed on the tool by pressing the HELP key after
powering up the tool.
If a list or message contains more than four lines, an arrow icon displays on the
last column of the display to indicate the scrolling direction available: up (]) or
down ([). Use the UP/DOWN arrow keys to move line-by-line through the display.
When the bottom of the list is reached, then only the] displays. At the top of the
list, only the [ displays.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 3–3
3
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• User Responses
The tool may ask a question which requires
a YES or NO response — brackets (< >)
enclose the default one. To accept the
default choice, press the ENTER key. To
change the answer, press the
LEFT/RIGHT keys to move the brackets to
another response and press ENTER.
View Instructions
For Creating Custom
Data List?
Yes
<No>
~
• Tool Power-Up
Connect the tool to the vehicle using the appropriate DLC and power connections.
Refer to “Part A – Data Link Connectors”.
3
When the tool powers up, a series of
messages display on the screen
beginning with a “Welcome” screen and
ending with a “Key Button Help” screen. If
you wish to review the key button
definitions, push the HELP key;
otherwise, press ENTER to continue.
TOOL INFORMATION
Tool Information allows you to view
specific tool information that may be
needed when contacting customer
service.
Company Name
Diagnostic Trouble
Code Reader
2002.11.06C024.A050
Main Menu
Vehicle Diagnosis
Print Codes
` Tool Setup
|
[
Select Tool Setup and press ENTER.
Press ENTER again to display the information.
The information shown to the right displays
on the screen. Use the UP/DOWN arrow
keys to view all the lines.
Press the BACK or ENTER key to return to
the Setup Tool For menu.
✓
Write this information in the space
provided on the inside of the front cover.
Tool Information:
Serial No: XXXXXXXX
SW ID:
YYYYY
HW Ver:
X
Boot Ver:
A
Prod ID:
B
Board ID:
XX
Burn Date: XX/XX/XX
Burn Loc:
YYY
PRINTING
Printing is available from the Main Menu
and from the Function Lists. Printing is
the only way to view the codes and
definitions.
Main Menu
Vehicle Diagnosis
` Print Codes
Tool Setup
|
[
The tool's memory stores recorded data until it is erased or the 9V battery
becomes discharged. A message displays if data does not exist in memory.
3–4 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Otherwise, the tool reminds you to verify the printer is ON, ONLINE and
CONNECTED and then press ENTER to print.
The tool can be used as a Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) device to interface with
a compatible serial printer or PC. The RS232 adapter contains a DB15M (15-pin
D-shape male) connector and a DB9M (9-pin D-shape male) connector. The DB15
plugs into the one on the tool. A serial cable plugs into the DB9 connector.
• Compatible Printers
The printer must have a serial RS-232 interface circuit and be compatible with the
Epson FX format. The following printers are recommended:
❒
❒
❒
❒
Seiko DPU-414
Kodak DICONIX 180si (serial printer model)
Lexmark Model 2480 with optional serial interface (p/n 12T0154)
Panasonic KX-P1131 printer
• Cabling
3
❒ Type: A RS-232 standard type cable.
❒ Tool end: DB9F (female) connector.
❒ Printer end:
• Use a DB9M (male) connector for the Seiko and
Kodak printers.
DB9
• Use a DB25 male connector for the Lexmark and
Panasonic printers.
• If the printer uses a different connector, such as an
RJ45, then an adapter or different RS-232 cable is
required. Adapters are available at most local PC
stores or electronics outlets.
DB25
• Serial Port Settings
❒ Default settings for the tool are: 19,200 Baud, 8 Data Bits, No Parity and 1
Stop Bit.
❒ Ensure the settings on the tool and printer match.
❒ For the Lexmark and Panasonic printers, ensure the printer’s interface
selection is set to either “auto” or “serial”.
✓
The printer and tool must have the same communication settings. You can
change the tool’s settings if necessary.
• RS232 Adapter
Connect the 15-pin end of the RS232
Adapter to the tool.
Connect a 9-pin serial cable from the printer
to the other end of the RS232 Adapter.
The RS232 Adapter contains a switch
(A-B). The switch swaps the transmit and
receive pins for either printing or uploading
information. If port settings are correct and
printing does not work, switch the setting
and try again.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 3–5
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• Changing the Printer Settings
Select either Print Codes from the Main
Menu or Print Data from of the Function
List and press ENTER.
Main Menu
Vehicle Diagnosis
` Print Codes
Tool Setup
|
[
Next, the tool will inform you of the printer
settings (Custom or Default), then ask if
you wish to change them.
Tool Set To Default |
Printer Settings.
Change Settings?
Select YES and press ENTER.The default
Yes
<No>
values are designated on the display with
the word (Default) next to the option.
3
Refer to the printer manual for the settings. The changes made reside in the tool
even when the tool is turned off.
Tool settings are as follows. Defaults are in [ . . . ]
❒
❒
❒
❒
Baud Rate: [19,200], 1200, 2400
Stop Bits: [1 Bit], 2 bits
Parity: [None], Odd, Even
Printer Speed: [Fast], Slow
Press ENTER after selecting each setting. Follow the instructions displayed on
the screens. For the printer to work properly, the tool and the printer must be set
to the same configuration. Change the settings accordingly.
To change the settings,
press the LEFT arrow and
then ENTER.
Use the BACK key to return
to the previous menu.
The new printer settings are
tested by printing the ASCII
character set. Press
ENTER to continue.
Make sure printer is
ON, ONLINE and
connected to the tool.
Press the ENTER key to
begin printing.
Select Baud Rate
` 19200 (Default)
1200
2400
Select Data Bits
` 8 (Default)
[
Select Stop Bits
1 Bit(Default)
` 2 Bits
Select Parity
` None (Default)
Odd
Even
Printer
` Fast (Default)
Slow
The ASCII Character
Set Will Be Printed
Once.
Press
to Itself
Cont.
Test ENTER
Ends By
In Approximately 10
Seconds.
Press ENTER to Cont.
3–6 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
If the printout is not OK, then retry or
change settings. If it is, press ENTER and
the data transmits and prints.
Make Sure Device
Is Turned On, Online
& Connected To Tool.
ENTER To Print
A printout of the test looks similar to the example shown.
-[ Print Test ]!"#$%&'()*+,-./01234
56789:;<=>[email protected]
IJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\
]^_`abcdefghijklmnop
qrstuvwxyz{|}~
3
• Print Data
This function allows you to print the
diagnostic information stored in the Tool.
✓
The tool’s internal battery power can be
used to print data.
Follow instructions and press ENTER.
Press ENTER to keep the current settings
and continue. To change the settings,
refer to “Changing the Printer Settings”
on page 3-6.
The tool transmits the data to the printer.
Press ENTER to return to the GM
Function List.
GM Function List
1)Read Codes
2)Erase Codes
` 3)Print Data
|
Make Sure Device
Is Turned On, Online
& Connected To Tool.
ENTER To Print
Tool Set To Default |
Printer Settings.
Change Settings?
Yes
<No>
Transmitting
To Printer
--Please Wait--
All Data Has Been |
Sent To Printer
Press ENTER to Cont
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 3–7
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
An example of a GM Enhanced OBD II printout is shown below.
❒
❒
❒
❒
Complete the header information — Date, Customer and Employee.
The Vehicle Type is identified on the printout.
DTCs types are identified: Current, History or Transient.
MIL, Since IGN and Since Clear status are indicated.
Co mpa ny N ame
Da te:
Cu sto me r:
Em plo ye e:
Ve hic le S can ne d
19 98 Ca di lla c De Vil le
9= 4.6 L
DT C ( co de s)
3
Tr ans ie nt DT C P0 405
EG R F lo w
Se nso r A
Ci rcu it L ow In pu t
MI L N OT R EQU ES TE D
Si nce I GN
P/ F
Si nce C le ar
P/ F
Tr ans ie nt DT C P0 603
PC M
Ke ep Al iv e M em or y
(K AM) E rr or
MI L N OT R EQU ES TE D
Si nce I GN
P/ F
Si nce C le ar
P/ F
Tr ans ie nt DT C P1 520
Pa rk/ Ne ut ral
Di scr et e
MI L N OT R EQU ES TE D
Si nce I GN
F AIL
Si nce C le ar
F AIL
Tr ans ie nt DT C P1 604
De vic e 4
Se ria l Co mm Li nk
Pr obl em
MI L N OT R EQU ES TE D
Si nce I GN
P/ F
Si nce C le ar
P/ F
Cu rr ent D TC P0 40 5
EG R Flo w
Se ns or A
Ci rc uit L ow In pu t
MI L NOT R EQU ES TE D
Si nc e I GN
P/ F
Si nc e C le ar
P/ F
Hi st ory D TC P0 60 3
PC M
Ke ep Al iv e M em or y
(K AM ) E rr or
MI L NOT R EQU ES TE D
Si nc e I GN
P/ F
Si nc e C le ar
P/ F
Hi st ory D TC P1 37 6
Re fe ren ce Vo lt ag e
Lo w
MI L RE QU EST ED
Si nc e I GN
F AIL
Si nc e C le ar
F AIL
Hi st ory D TC P1 52 0
Pa rk /Ne ut ral
Di sc ret e
MI L NOT R EQU ES TE D
Si nc e I GN
F AIL
Si nc e C le ar
F AIL
Hi st ory D TC P1 60 4
De vi ce 4
Se ri al Co mm Li nk
Pr ob lem
MI L NOT R EQU ES TE D
Si nc e I GN
P/ F
Si nc e C le ar
P/ F
3–8 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Part 4
Diagnostics
The diagnostic functions apply to Ford, GM, Chrysler and
Global OBD II vehicles. Screens may differ slightly for
vehicle make and year.
✓
✓
On the initial link to the vehicle, the communication type is automatically
detected, and is used until the tool is turned OFF or another vehicle is
selected.
If an Error Message displays, make sure the OBD II connector is securely
attached, and the ignition key is ON. Cycle the ignition key to OFF for 10
seconds, then ON. This may be required to reset the computer module(s). If
required, select YES to try again. If the problem still exists, refer to “Error
Messages” on page 5-2.
VEHICLE SELECTION
Pick Vehicle Diagnosis to begin Vehicle
Selection. If there is a previous vehicle
present, the tool displays that vehicle. You
can choose the last vehicle selected or
setup for a new vehicle. The tool retains all
data retrieved from the last vehicle
selected until any of the following occurs:
Main Menu
` Vehicle Diagnosis
Print Codes
Tool Setup
|
[
❒ A new vehicle is selected
❒ Tool is flash programmed to update software
❒ The last vehicle selected is kept but you choose Erase Data
You can either keep the previously
selected vehicle or change it. If changing
the vehicle, press the RIGHT arrow key
and press ENTER. Otherwise, press
ENTER to keep the current one.
1995 Neon
C=2.0L SFI SOHC
<KEEP>
CHANGE
• Keep Current Vehicle
The next screen asks if you want to erase
the stored data. The default is NO.
After pressing ENTER, the function list
displays.
Erase All Stored
Data For Selected
Vehicle?
YES
<NO>
• Changing the Vehicle
Changing vehicles erases all data stored
in the tool. The default is YES.
Press ENTER to continue.
Picking New Vehicle
Erases All Stored
Data. Continue?
<YES>
NO
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 4–1
4
Diagnostics • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Four Options are available: Global OBDII, Domestic Vehicles, European Vehicles, and Asian Vehicles. Global OBD II does not require additional information
and takes you directly into the function list. The other three require additional information so that the tool can communicate with the vehicle. For example, select
Domestic Vehicles then GENERAL MOTORS.
✓
✓
Vehicles manufactured from 2000 to present automatically use Global OBD II
Diagnostics.
On GM vehicles the tool may require you to look at the VIN to determine the
Series Model, Engine Size, etc.
GM Typical VIN
VIN Position 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Model Year
At the last screen, press
ENTER.
Engine Type
If mistake is made, press
BACK key to return to
previous menu.
Chassis Type
Use UP/DOWN arrow keys
to move through the list.
Series
4
The menus provide a list of
choices and reference the
vehicle’s VIN where
applicable. The VIN is visible
from outside the vehicle by
looking through the base of
the front windshield at the
top of the dashboard on the
driver’s side. Because
manufacturers use different
VIN schemes, the tool will
indicate which digit of the
VIN to locate for information
such as Year, Make and
Engine.
Line Chassis
Description of Number
Select Vehicle
Global OBDII
` Domestic Vehicle
[
Select Manufacturer
` General Motors
Ford
Select
Vehicle Type [
Chrysler
` Car
Truck
Select Year VIN 10
T=1996
]
` S=1995
[
R=1994
Select Make VIN 3
3=Oldsmobile
]
` 4=Buick
[
6=Cadillac
Select Model
Park Avenue
]
` Regal
[
RevieraEngine VIN 8
Select
` L=3.8L SFI
M=3.1L1995
SFI Regal
4T60E
M=3.1LL=3.8L
SFI AUTO-3S
SFI
<KEEP>
If a message displays, follow the
instructions then press ENTER.
CHANGE
Turn Key Off
For 10 Seconds
Then Turn Key On
Then Press ENTER
4–2 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Diagnostics
GLOBAL OBD II DIAGNOSTICS
• Read Codes
The Read Codes function retrieves Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) from the
vehicle’s computer module(s) and stores them in the tool for printing. This function
can be performed with the Key On Engine Off (KOEO) or Key On Engine
Running (KOER). After retrieving the codes, use Print Data to view them.
Select Read Codes and press ENTER.
The tool retrieves the DTCs stored in the
vehicle’s computer module(s) and
displays the number found.
Use the Print Data function to view the
codes.
OBDII Function List |
` 1)Read Codes
2)Erase Codes
3)Print Data
8 Faults Detected
Press ENTER to Conti
Press ENTER to return to OBDII Function List.
• Erase Codes
The Erase Codes function deletes the DTCs from the vehicle’s computer
memory. Perform this function only after the systems have been checked
completely and DTCs have been documented. This function should be performed
with KOEO — Do not START engine.
After servicing the vehicle, erase the stored DTCs, perform a road test, and then
verify no new codes have been stored. If DTCs return, the problem has not been
corrected or other faults are present.
Select Erase Codes and press the
ENTER key.
A message appears asking if you are
sure. Press HELP to move the brackets to
the desired response and press ENTER.
OBDII Function List |
1)Read Codes
` 2)Erase Codes
3)Print Data
Erase Diagnostic
Results and Codes?
Are You Sure?
Yes
<No>
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 4–3
4
Diagnostics • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Selecting NO displays a COMMAND
CANCELLED message prompting you to
press ENTER to continue back to the
OBDII Function List.
Command Cancelled
Press ENTER To Cont
Selecting YES displays a screen
prompting you to turn ignition KOEO,
Press ENTER key to continue.
Turn Key On
Engine OFf
Press ENTER To Cont
A message confirming that the Erase
Codes command was successful
displays. Press ENTER to return to the
OBDII Function List.
Command Sent
Press ENTER To Cont
4 GM HISTORICAL DIAGNOSTICS
✓
✓
GM vehicles manufactured from 1984 through 1995. Some 1994 and 1995
vehicles use the 16-pin OBD II connector, but most are not OBD II compliant.
They still use the OBD I application software. Refer to “Appendix A - Data
Link Connectors".
Screens may differ slightly for vehicle make and year.
• Read Codes
The Read Codes function is used to retrieve all stored Diagnostic Trouble Codes
(DTCs) from the control module(s). This can be performed KOEO or KOER. Two
types of codes were used by GM in the Historic System: Current codes and History
codes. Prior to 1986, all codes were referred as Current Codes. From 1986 through
1995, both codes were used as the PCM was able to differentiate them.
• History Codes — intermittent codes placed in the vehicle’s memory when the
trouble originally occurred, and will remain there even if the trouble has been
corrected. If no trouble after 50 engine warm-up cycles, the DTC will be
erased.
• Current Codes — codes transmitted through the PCM’s data stream when a
trouble condition is active and cannot be erased. The problem must be
repaired to remove the DTC.
On some vehicles, all codes are Current Codes, because the PCM cannot
distinguish Current Codes from History Codes. The only way to determine this is
to erase the code and then drive the vehicle to see if the code returns.
Select Read Codes and press ENTER.
GM Function List
` 1)Read Codes
2)Erase Codes
3)Print Data
|
4–4 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Diagnostics
The tool retrieves the DTCs stored in the
vehicle’s computer module(s) and
displays the number found. Use Print
Data to view them.
8 Faults Detected
Press ENTER to Conti
• Erase Codes
The Erase Codes function deletes the DTCs from the vehicle’s computer
memory. Perform this function with KOEO — Do not START engine. This function
should be performed only after the systems have been checked completely and
DTCs have been documented.
After servicing the vehicle, erase the stored DTCs, perform a road test, and then
verify no new codes have been stored. If DTCs return, the problem has not been
corrected or other faults are present.
Select Erase Codes and press the
ENTER key.
A message appears asking if you are
sure. Press LEFT/RIGHT to move the
brackets to the desired response and
press ENTER.
Selecting NO and pressing ENTER
returns you to the GM Function List.
Selecting YES displays a screen
prompting you to turn ignition ON. Press
ENTER to continue.
A message confirming that the Erase
Codes command was successful
displays. Press ENTER to return to the
GM Function List.
GM Function List
1)Read Codes
` 2)Erase Codes
3)Print Data
|
4
Erase Codes?
Are You Sure?
Yes
<No>
Turn Ign Key On
Engine Can Be OFf
Or Running.
Press ENTER To Cont
Erase Codes Command
Sent. Perform READ
CODES Function To
Verify Erase.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 4–5
Diagnostics • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
GM ENHANCED OBD II DIAGNOSTICS
✓
✓
This system applies to GM vehicles manufactured from 1996 to present.
Some GM vehicles in 1994 and 1995 were equipped with this system. Refer
to “Appendix A - Data Link Connectors".
GM vehicles manufactured from 2000 to present automatically use Global
OBD II Diagnostics.
• Read Codes
The Read Codes function is used to retrieve all stored Diagnostic Trouble Codes
(DTCs) from the control module(s). This can be performed KOEO or KOER.
For the Enhanced OBD II system, GM added a third code type, Transient codes.
The definition for History and Current codes are described in the GM Historical
Diagnostics.
• Transient Codes — indicates the current code has been set at least once but
possibly not enough to cause a history code to be stored.
In GM Enhanced OBD II, if DTCs are present, then three conditions (or statuses)
follow each DTC definition.
4
• MIL (Malfunction Indicator Lamp): REQUESTED or NOT REQUESTED
An emissions-related DTC is requesting the MIL (Check Engine/Service
Engine Soon) to be ON.
• Since IGN (ignition): PASS, FAIL, P/F, or NOT RUN
Provides the DTC status during this power-up. P/F (Pass/Fail) indicates the
PCM detected the DTC that passed and failed at least once during this
power-up cycle. NOT RUN means the PCM has not tested for the condition
that set the DTC during this power-up cycle.
• Since Clear: PASS, FAIL, P/F, or NOT RUN
Provides the DTC status since the last time the codes were erased.
P/F indicates the PCM test that detected the DTC passed and failed at least
once since the last Erase Code. NOT RUN means the PCM has not tested
for the condition that set the DTC since the last Erase Code.
Select Read Codes and press ENTER.
The tool retrieves the DTCs stored in the
vehicle’s computer module(s) and
displays the number found.
Use Print Data to view them.
GM Function List
` 1)Read Codes
2)Erase Codes
3)Print Data
|
8 Faults Detected
Press ENTER to Conti
Press the ENTER key to return to the GM Function List.
• Erase Codes
The Erase Codes function deletes the DTCs from the vehicle’s computer
memory. Perform this function with KOEO — Do not START engine. This function
should be performed only after the systems have been checked completely and
DTCs have been documented.
4–6 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Diagnostics
After servicing the vehicle, erase the stored DTCs, perform a road test, and then
verify no new codes have been stored. If DTCs return, the problem has not been
corrected or other faults are present.
Select Erase Codes and press the
ENTER key.
GM Function List
1)Read Codes
` 2)Erase Codes
3)Print Data
A message appears asking if you are
sure. Press LEFT/RIGHT to move the
brackets to the desired response and
press ENTER.
|
Erase Codes?
Are You Sure?
Yes
<No>
Selecting NO displays a COMMAND
CANCELLED message prompting you to
press ENTER to continue back to the GM Function List.
Selecting YES displays a screen
prompting you to turn ignition KOEO,
Press ENTER key to continue.
Turn Key On
Engine OFf
Press ENTER To Cont
A message confirming that the Erase
Codes command was successful
displays. Press ENTER to return to the
GM Function List.
Command Sent
Press ENTER To Cont
FORD HISTORICAL DIAGNOSTICS
✓
✓
Ford vehicles manufactured from 1984 through 1995. Ford vehicles
manufactured from 2000 to present automatically use Global OBD II Diagnostics.
Most Ford vehicles prior to 1996 use the EEC-IV system. Vehicles with
Mazda-sourced engines use the Mazda Electronic Control System (MECS).
Refer to “Appendix A - Data Link Connectors".
Due to different processor calibrations used by Ford, the Function List for a
particular vehicle may or may not appear as shown.
• Read KOEO Codes
The Read KOEO Codes function activates the KOEO (Key On Engine Off) and
Continuous Memory self-tests which retrieves KOEO and Continuous Memory
DTCs from the PCM.
• KOEO DTCs are transmitted through the PCM data link when a trouble
condition is active. KOEO codes remain until the trouble condition becomes
inactive – usually when the fault is repaired.
• Continuous Memory DTCs are stored in vehicle’s memory at the time of
occurrence during continuous self-test monitoring. They will remain there until
the problem does not reoccur within 40 warm-up cycles, Fast KOEO codes
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 4–7
4
Diagnostics • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
have been read, or the Erase Codes function has been run. Continuous
memory codes follow the KOEO codes in the data stream.
The DTCs are transmitted in two formats; both transmit the same information:
• Slow Codes are regular service codes that allow the user to identify the faults
with an analog voltmeter or the check engine light. Slow codes are transmitted
within 3 minutes.
✓
• Fast Codes are transmitted within seconds and must be read with a
diagnostic tool. Retrieving Fast Codes erases Continuous Memory Codes,
Slow Codes does not.
Fast Codes does not apply to MECS vehicles.
•
Avoid Cooling Fan! It May Turn On During Test.
Select Read KOEO Codes from the Ford
Ford
Function List and press ENTER.
Select Fast Codes or Slow Codes and
press ENTER. Follow the instructions.
4
Function List |
` 1)Read KOEO Codes
2)Read KOER Codes [
3)Erase Codes
1) Set Parking Brake.
2) Put Transmission In Park Or Neutral.
3) Turn A/C Off.
4) Start Engine — Let Idle Until Hot.
5) Turn Ign Key Off.
6) Wait 10 Seconds. Turn Key On-Engine Off. Do Not Start Engine.
While waiting for the codes to transmit, the
Procedure Runs Less
PCM cycles the following system
Than 3 Minutes.
components On and Off:
• Electric radiator cooling fan
Time
• Fuel pump
• Check engine light or Malfunction
Indicator Light (MIL) – slow codes only.
• Idle speed control solenoid
Remaining=1:56
After performing these steps, wait for the
tool to retrieve DTCs. When the test is
done, turn Ign Key OFF and press
ENTER.
Test Completed
Turn Ign Key Off.
Use Print Data to view the codes.
Press ENTER To Cont
✓
Continuous Memory Codes (codes set previously under normal driving
conditions) are indicated as Memory Codes on the printout. KOEO codes
transmit before the Memory codes.
• Read KOER Codes
The Read KOER Codes function activates the KOER (Key-On-Engine-Running)
self-test which retrieves KOER DTCs that are present when the engine is
running.When the trouble condition is inactive, the KOER Code will no longer be
sent through the data stream. This function also performs a Computed Timing
Check for vehicles manufactured from 1984 through 1991.
The DTCs are transmitted in two formats which transmit the same information:
• Slow Codes are regular service codes that allow the user to identify the faults
4–8 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Diagnostics
with an analog voltmeter or the check engine light. Slow codes are transmitted
within 3 minutes.
• Fast Codes are transmitted within seconds and must be read with a
diagnostic tool.
Exhaust gases are harmful or lethal. Always operate vehicle
in a well-ventilated area.
The KOER test is done with the engine running. Do not
over-rev engine. Observe all safety precautions.
Avoid Cooling Fan! It May Turn On During Test.
Select Read KOEO Codes from the Ford
Function List and press ENTER.
Select Fast Codes or Slow Codes and
press ENTER.
Follow the instructions step-by-step.
Failure to do these steps may set a false
DTC in the PCM — observe the display.
Ford Function List |
1)Read KOEO Codes
` 2)Read KOER Codes [
3)Erase Codes
Select Code Type
` 1)Fast Codes
2)Slow Codes
3)Computing Timing
1) Set Parking Brake.
2) Transmission In Park Or Neutral.
3) Turn A/C Off.
4) Start Engine — Let Idle Until Hot.
5) Turn Ign Key Off.
6) Wait 10 Seconds. Start Engine — Let Idle.
7) If vehicle has a manual transmission, release clutch.
Press ENTER to activate the self-test.
❒ For a 7.3L Diesel, depress the throttle until test is done.
❒ If Applicable, set Octane Switch To Premium.
The tool will prompt the user to:
❒ Work Steering Wheel
❒ Pump Brake Pedal & Cycle OD (overdrive) Cancel Switch.
✓
Observe Screen for Prompt to Perform the next action.
❒ Quickly Press And Release Throttle. One Time Only!
After performing these steps, wait for the
tool to retrieve DTCs. When the test is
done, turn Ign Key OFF and press
ENTER.
Test Completed
Turn Ign Key Off.
Use Print Data to view them.
Press ENTER To Cont
• Erase Codes
The vehicle service manual may recommend erasing Continuous Memory Codes
from vehicle’s memory, and then drive vehicle to duplicate the malfunction before
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 4–9
4
Diagnostics • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
beginning a diagnostic test. If KOEO Read Codes were read using Fast Codes
or KOER Read Codes were read, then memory codes have already been erased.
Select Erase Codes from the Ford
Function List.
Only Continuous Memory Codes can be
erased from the vehicle without repairing
the fault.
Ford Function List |
1)Read KOEO Codes
` 2)Read KOER Codes [
3)Erase Codes
Only Memory Codes
Are Erasable!
Press ENTER to Cont
To remove KOEO and KOER Codes, the
fault must be repaired since they only exist
when a fault exists.
Follow all instructions on the display.
4
To Erase KOEO And
KOER Codes, You Must
Fix Cause of Code.
Press ENTER to Cont
1) Turn Ign Key Off.
2) Transmission In Park Or Neutral.
3) Wait 10 Seconds.
4) Turn Ign Key On.
Press ENTER to begin erasing the codes.
The procedure takes less 1 minute to run. Erasing
Codes
Procedure Runs Less
Than 1 Minute.
Time Remaining=0:53
Press BACK to return to the Ford Function List when a message displays the
confirming the codes were erased.
FORD ENHANCED OBD II SYSTEM
✓
Ford vehicles manufactured from 1996 through 1999. Ford vehicles
manufactured from 2000 to present automatically use Global OBD II
Diagnostics.
• Read Codes
The Read Codes function retrieves Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) from the
vehicle’s computer module(s) and stores them in the tool for printing. This function
can be performed with the KOEO or KOER. After retrieving the codes, use Print
Data to view them.
Select Read Codes and press ENTER.
Ford Function List |
` 1)Read Codes
2)Erase Codes
3)Print Data
4 – 10 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Diagnostics
The tool retrieves the DTCs stored in the
vehicle’s computer module(s) and
displays the number found.
8 Faults Detected
Press ENTER to Conti
Press the ENTER key to return to the Ford Function List
• Erase Codes
The Erase Codes function deletes the DTCs from the vehicle’s computer
memory. Perform this function with KOEO — Do not START engine. This function
should be performed only after the systems have been checked completely and
DTCs have been documented.
After servicing the vehicle, erase the stored DTCs, perform a road test, and then
verify no new codes have been stored. If DTCs return, the problem has not been
corrected or other faults are present.
Select Erase Codes and press the
ENTER key.
A message appears asking if you are
sure. Press HELP to move the brackets to
the desired response and press ENTER.
Selecting NO displays a COMMAND
CANCELLED message prompting you to
press ENTER to return back to the Ford
Function List
Ford Function List |
1)Read Codes
` 2)Erase Codes
3)Print Data
Erase Diagnostic
Results and Codes?
Are You Sure?
Yes
<No>
Command Cancelled
Press ENTER To Cont
Selecting YES displays a screen
prompting you to turn ignition KOEO,
Press ENTER key to continue.
Turn Key On
Engine OFf
Press ENTER To Cont
A message confirming that the Erase
Codes command was successful
displays. Press ENTER to return to the
Ford Function List.
Command Sent
Press ENTER To Cont
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 11
4
Diagnostics • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
CHRYSLER DIAGNOSTICS
✓
✓
Chrysler vehicles manufactured from 1989 to 1999. Chrysler vehicles
manufactured from 2000 to present automatically use Global OBD II
Diagnostics.
Screens may differ slightly for vehicle make and year.
• Read Codes
The Read Codes function retrieves Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) from the
vehicle’s computer module(s) and stores them in the tool for printing. This function
can be performed KOEO or KOER.
Select Read Codes and press ENTER.
4
Follow the instructions and press
ENTER.
Chrysler Functions
` 1)Read Codes
2)Erase Codes
3)Print Data
Keep Hands & Tools
Away From Fan And
Engine During Test.
Press ENTER to Cont
Turn Key On
Engine Can Be Off
Or Running.
Press ENTER to Cont
The tool retrieves the DTCs stored in
the vehicle’s computer module(s) and
displays the number found.
Press ENTER to return to the Chrysler
Functions menu.
8 Faults Detected
Press ENTER to Conti
• Erase Codes
The Erase Codes function deletes the DTCs from the vehicle’s computer
memory. Perform this function only after the systems have been checked
completely and DTCs have been documented. This function should be performed
with KOEO — Do not START engine.
After servicing the vehicle, erase the stored DTCs, perform a road test, and then
verify no new codes have been stored. If DTCs return, the problem has not been
corrected or other faults are present.
Select Erase Codes and press the
ENTER key.
Chrysler Functions
1)Read Codes
` 2)Erase Codes
3)Print Data
4 – 12 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Diagnostics
Follow the instructions and press
ENTER.
A message confirms the codes are
erased. Press ENTER to return to the
Chrysler Functions menu.
Turn Ign Key On.
Engine Must Be Off
To Erase Codes.
Press ENTER To Cont
Codes Erased.
IMPORT ENHANCED (OBD II) DIAGNOSTICS
This system applies to import vehicles manufactured from 1996 to
present. Some import vehicles in 1994 and 1995 were equipped with
this system.
✓
If an Error Message displays, make sure the OBD II connector is securely
attached, and the ignition key is ON. Cycle the ignition key to OFF for 10
seconds, then ON. This may be required to reset the computer. If required,
select YES to try again. If the problem still exists, refer to “Error Messages”
on page 8-2.
✓
Specific Import Enhanced functions are defined in this section. Refer to
“Section 4 - Global OBDII Diagnostics" for other functions.
Manual Info
The Manual Info function, instructs the user what section of the manual to use.
This section covers Import Enhanced (OBD II) Diagnostics.
I/M Readiness
Refer to “I/M Readiness” on page 4-1 of Global OBDII Diagnostics.
Read Codes
The Read Codes function retrieves Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) from the
vehicle’s computer module(s). This function can be performed with the KOEO or
KOER. These codes cause the computer to illuminate the Malfunction Indicator
Lamp (MIL) when an emission-related or driveability fault occurs. The MIL is also
known as the “service engine soon” or “check engine” lamp.
The Import Enhanced reads DTC’s from the engine or powertrain module (ENG),
Transmission Module (Trans), or Transfer Case Module (XFER).
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 13
4
Diagnostics • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
TRANS Hist P1800
TCM Power
Control Relay
Circuit Open
XFER B2725
Active Trnsfr Case
Mode Switch Malf
Not all Import vehicles support DTC status. Some only use the Global OBDII
Read Codes command. For a description of these screens, refer to the Global
OBDII section of the manual.
• History Codes — intermittent codes placed in the vehicle’s memory when the
trouble originally occurred, and will remain there even if the trouble has been
corrected. If no trouble after 50 engine warm-up cycles, the DTC will be
erased.
• Current Codes — codes transmitted through the PCM’s data stream when a
trouble condition is active and cannot be erased. The problem must be
repaired to remove the DTC.
• Intermittent Codes — indicates the current code has been set at least once
but possibly not enough to cause a history code to be stored.
4
• Pending Codes - These are codes that are developing, but are not quite a
Current Code.
In Import Enhanced OBD II, if DTCs are present, then three conditions (or
statuses) may accompany each DTC definition.
Import Code Types:
• MIL (Malfunction Indicator Lamp): REQUESTED or NOT REQUESTED
An emissions-related DTC is requesting the MIL (Check Engine/Service
Engine Soon) to be ON.
• Since IGN (ignition): PASS, FAIL, P/F, or NOT RUN
Provides the DTC status during this power-up. P/F (Pass/Fail) indicates the
PCM detected the DTC that passed and failed at least once during this
power-up cycle. NOT RUN means the PCM has not tested for the condition
that set the DTC during this power-up cycle.
• Since Clear: PASS, FAIL, P/F, or NOT RUN
Provides the DTC status since the last time the codes were erased.
P/F indicates the PCM test that detected the DTC passed and failed at least
once since the last Erase Code. NOT RUN means the PCM has not tested
for the condition that set the DTC since the last Erase Code.
Select Read Codes and press ENTER.
Import Function List?
1)I/M Readiness
` 2)Read Codes
[
3)Pending Codes
~
The Scan Tool displays the DTCs or a message stating SYSTEM PASS: NO
CODES FOUND. Scroll down to view the DTCs or press the BACK key to return
to the Import Function List.
4 – 14 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Diagnostics
System Pass:
No Faults Detected.
~
DTCs Found: 13
Use [ To View DTCs
Write Down Codes
For Reference
~
Use the UP/DOWN arrow keys to view the DTCs. Use the LEFT/RIGHT
arrow keys to toggle the DTC definition and status screen.
ENG CURR P0201
Injector Circuit
Open
Cylinder 1
[
ENG CURR P0201
MIL
REQUESTED
Since IGN
FAIL
Since Clear P/F
[
Press FUNC to return to the Import Function List.
Pending Codes
Refer to “Pending Codes” on page 4-4 of Global OBDII Diagnostics.
Erase Codes
The Erase Codes menu has a menu asking what module to erase codes for, if
more than one module exists for this vehicle.
View Data
Refer to “View Data” on page 4-6 of Global OBDII Diagnostics
View Freeze Data
Refer to “View Freeze Data” on page 4-7 of Global OBDII Diagnostics
O2 Monitor Test
Refer to “O2 Monitor Test” on page 4-8 of Global OBDII Diagnostics.
Diagnostic Monitor Test
Refer to “DIAGNOSTIC MONITOR Tests” on page 4-9 of Global OBDII
Diagnostics.
Record Data
Refer to “Record Data” on page 4-12 of Global OBDII Diagnostics.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 15
4
Diagnostics • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Vehicle Info
Refer to “Vehicle Info” on page 4-14 of Global OBDII Diagnostics.
Review Data
Refer to “Review Data” on page 4-16 of Global OBDII Diagnostics.
Print Data
Refer to “Print Data” on page 4-18 of Global OBDII Diagnostics.
Code Lookup
Refer to “Code Lookup” on page 4-21 of Global OBDII Diagnostics.
4
4 – 16 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Part 5 Help & Troubleshooting
HOW TO USE ON-LINE HELP
The software contains On-Line Help for
specific tool screens, functions, and error
messages. When the icon (|) appears in
the upper right-hand corner of the display,
On-Line Help is available.
To enter On-Line Help, press the HELP
key. For the screen above, the help
message would look like this
The text in On-Line Help screens are in
CAPITAL LETTERS. This is an indication
that you are viewing On-Line Help
screens and not screens associated with
a function of the Function List.
Operating Error. |
Check Connections!
Try Again?
<Yes>
No
RECHECK FOLLOWING:
1.IGNITION KEY ON?
2.HOOKUP TO VEHICLE [
TEST CONNECTOR OK?
5.TEST CONNECTOR TO
COMPUTER WIRING OK? ]
6.COMPUTER POWER/
GROUND CIRCUITS OK?
Some messages are longer than one screen. Use the UP/DOWN arrow keys to
scroll through the screens.
To exit On-Line Help and return to the original screen, press the BACK key.
TOOL DOES NOT POWER UP
✓
Review the “Safety Precautions” before troubleshooting.
If the tool will not power up, communicate with your vehicle’s PCM, pass Tool
Self-Tests, or functions incorrectly in any other way, then try these
Troubleshooting Tips below before consulting Actron.
Though the tool requires at least 6.5V to power up, the vehicle’s control modules
require a minimum of 8 volts to power up and operate.
Check the following:
• Using Non-OBD II Adapter Cables
❒ The cigarette lighter adapter is hooked up. Make sure the cigarette lighter
end is firmly held in the cigarette lighter socket.
❒ Verify that the vehicle’s cigarette lighter fuse is OK. Some vehicles must
have the key on for the cigarette lighter socket to be on.
• Using J1962 (OBD II) or Chrysler LH Adapter Cable
The Chrysler LH Adapter Cable is optional and may be purchased seperately.
❒ Make sure the tool’s DLC is connected correctly to the vehicle’s DLC. Verify
the pins are clean and fully seated in the DLC.
❒ At least 8.0 volts (V) must be present between the power and ground pins
to power the computer module(s) and communicate.
❒ Use the flowchart to troubleshoot the problem.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 5–1
5
Help & Troubleshooting • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
PIN 4 (GND)
PIN 2 (BAT+)
PIN 6 (GND)
PIN 16 (BAT+)
LH DLC
J1962 (OBD II) DLC
scan tool does not power
up.
Is
battery fully
charged?
Measure Voltage
between Pins 16 and 4.
NO
Charge battery.
NO
Repair Ground
circuit. Refer to a
service manual.
YES
Measure resistance
between Pin 4 and
frame ground.
Above 10V?
NO
YES
5
less than
5 ohms?
Contact Customer
Service Center.
YES
Open exists in power
circuit. Check for a blown fuse
or an open wire. Refer to a
service manual.
ERROR MESSAGES
• Vehicle Communication Fault
If the tool exhibits a problem when
communicating with the vehicle, a
message displays. The vehicle’s control
module(s) enters into an unrecoverable
state. Press ENTER and the tool resets.
Vehicle Comm Fault. |
Turn Key Off For
10 Sec, Then Press
ENTER To Reset Tool
• Operating Error or Erroneous Data
An Operating Error or Erroneous Data
occurs if the vehicle’s computer(s) stops
communicating with the tool. When this
happens, the tool prompts you to select
YES to try again of NO to return to the
Function List, or HELP to display Help
messages and then press the ENTER key.
Operating Error
Check Connections!
Try Again?
<YES>
NO
|
5–2 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Help & Troubleshooting
Check the following if an error message displays:
❒ Verify ignition key is ON — not in the
ACCESSORIES position.
❒ Make sure the tool’s adapter cable is securely
connected to the vehicle’s DLC.
❒ Examine the DLC closely and check for cracked
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
or recessed pins, or for any substance that
could prevent a good electrical connection.
Verify that the vehicle you are testing is an OBD II-compliant vehicle. Just
because it has the OBD II J1962 DLC does not mean the vehicle is OBD II
compliant. Inspect the vehicle’s VECI decal for a statement of OBD II
compliance.
Test for continuity between the DLC wiring and the computer. In an extreme
case, there may be a broken wire.
With the KOEO, check for blown fuses. The computer and DLC usually use
separate fuses. If the fuse for the computer is blown, data cannot be
transmitted. The fuses may be located on the fuse block in the passenger
compartment.
Make sure the computer has a good ground. If the computer case is
grounded, then clean the connection and apply a conductive (dielectric)
grease to the mating surfaces.
With the KOEO, verify the battery voltage is at least 10.0V; the minimum
voltage to power the computer.
As a last resort, the computer may be defective. Refer to the vehicle
service manual to diagnose the computer.
BATTERY REPLACEMENT
The tool requires a 9V (type 6LR61) alkaline battery to operate independent of
vehicle and AC power. When the batteries need to be replaced, the low-battery
icon () displays.
❒ Rechargeable batteries do not last as long alkaline types and are not
recommended.
❒ Non-rechargeable Lithium (Li) batteries can be used. Though Lithium types
last longer than the alkaline types, they are more expensive.
Follow these steps to replace the batteries:
1) Place the tool with the display
facing down on a non-abrasive
surface.
2) Remove the battery cover screw.
3) Slide the battery cover off.
4) Remove discharged batteries
and properly discard.
5) Install new battery.
6) Slide battery cover on.
7) Install screw — do not overtighten.
Screw
9V Battery
Cover
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 5–3
5
Help & Troubleshooting • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
TOOL SELF-TESTS
If you experience problems when performing the Tool Self-Tests, contact
technical support at 1-800-228-7667 (8:00 – 6:00 EST Monday – Friday)
Tool Self-Tests check the display, keypad, internal memory, and RS-232
interface.
After powering up the tool, the Main Menu
displays four choices. Select Tool
Self-Test with the UP/DOWN arrow keys
and press ENTER.
From the Tool Self-Test menu, choose
from Display Test, Keyboard Test,
Memory Test or Printer Test.
Main Menu
Vehicle Diagnosis
Tool Setup
` Tool Self-Test
|
[
~
• Display Test
The Display Test is used to check the
LCD. The test fills every pixel of the LCD
display with a solid black character. Select
Display Test and press ENTER.
5
Tool Self-Test
` 1)Display Test
2)Keyboard Test
3)Memory Test
|
[
~
Press ENTER again to start the test. Look for pixels that are not black. In other
words, look for missing spots in the solid black characters. When done, press the
BACK key.
ENTER To Test. Look
For Missing Spots
In Display. Press
BACK When Done
• Keyboard Test
The Keyboard Test is used to verify the keys are functioning properly.
Select Keyboard Test from the Tool Self-Test menu to display the Keyboard
Test screen.
When you press a KEY, the key name or
Push Button To Test
scroll direction should appear on the
Key And Display Name
display.
Key:
BACK When Done
For example, if you press the ENTER key,
then Key: ENTER displays on the third
line of the screen. If the name does not
display, then the key is not working.
Push Button To Test
Key And Display Name
Key: ENTER
BACK
When Done
The only exception is the BACK key. When
the BACK key is pressed, the Tool
Self-Test menu returns.
If the Tool Self-Test menu does not return, then the BACK key is not working.
5–4 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Help & Troubleshooting
• Memory Test
If the tool has trouble playing back recorded data, displaying trouble code
definitions, or doing any other function that uses internal memory, then it is a good
idea to run the Memory Test.
From the Tool Self-Test menu, select Memory Test and press ENTER.
A MEMORY TEST message displays and
the screen fills with dots as the internal
memory is tested.
✓
Memory Test . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
The Memory Test may take several
minutes to complete.
If no problems were detected, then a
MEMORY TEST PASSED! message
displays on the screen. If a problem was
detected, then a MEMORY TEST FAILED!
message and the software identification
(SW ID) display on the screen.
Memory Test Failed
SW ID = 50AD
Press ENTER To Cont
Press the ENTER key to return to the Tool Self-Test menu.
• Printer Test
The Printer Test is used to check the printer connection, interface circuits, and
settings between the tool and compatible printer. The Printer Test sends an
ASCII character set to the printer one time for the test. The RS232 serial adapter
must be used in conjunction with the tool.
In the Tool Self-Test menu, select Printer Test with the UP/DOWN arrow keys
and press ENTER.
The tool informs you of the printer settings (Custom or Default), then asks if you
wish to change them.
Select YES to change or NO to continue.
Press the HELP key or refer to “Changing
the Printer Settings” on page 3-6 if you
wish to change the settings.
✓
Tool Set To Custom
|
Printer Settings.
Change Settings?
YES
<NO>
In order to print, the tool and the printer must be configured the same.
The tool instructs you that THE ASCII
CHARACTER SET WILL BE PRINTED.
Press the ENTER key to continue. Follow
the instructions.
The ASCII Character
Set Will Be Printed
Once.
Press ENTER To Cont.
❒ Make sure the printer is turned on, on-line and connected to the tool.
❒ Test ends by itself in approximately 10 seconds.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 5–5
5
Help & Troubleshooting • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
The tool sends the information to the printer
and asks you if the PRINTOUT IS OK. The
printout should look like the example below. If
your printout does not, then select NO. Select
YES to return to the Tool Self-Test menu.
-[ Print Test ]!"#$%&'()*+,-./01234
56789:;<=>[email protected]
IJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\
]^_`abcdefghijklmnop
qrstuvwxyz{|}~
If the tool experienced a problem in transmitting, check connections and try again.
TRYING PRINT AGAIN sends print test information to the printer. Use this
selection if you find the cable is not properly installed, or the printer is not on or
on-Line. If any of the mentioned conditions were found, correct them and select
Print Again. A garbled or no print may be caused by the interface settings. You
can change the tool’s settings if necessary. See section “Changing the Printer
Settings” on page 3-6.
• Program Mode
The Program Mode is accessed from the Main Menu. This mode is used for
updating the tool software. Instructions are provided with the new software.
TECHNICAL SUPPORT
• Toll-Free Number: 1-800-228-7667
5
5–6 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Appendix A - Data Link Connectors
GM Cars, Light Trucks & Vans–
OBD II (J1962) DLC
ALDL DLC
94-95 GM Cars (Used only ALDL prior to 1994)
Make/Model
Engine
2.3L DOHC PFI
Achieva
Aurora
Beretta/Corsica
Camaro, Firebird,
Trans Am
Caprice / Impala
Cavalier
Century
Concours
Corvette
Cutlass Ciera
Cutlass Supreme
DeVille/Concours
2.3L SOHC PFI
3.1L SFI
4.0L SFI
2.2L TBI
2.3L DOHC
3.1L PFI
3.4L PFI OHV
3.8L SFI
5.7L PFI
5.7L TBI, MFI
4.3L V-8 MFI
2.2L TBI, SFI
2.3L DOHC
3.1L SFI
2.2L
3.1L
4.6L OHC
4.9L SFI
5.7L OHC (ZR-1)
5.7L PFI, SFI
2.2L PFI
3.1L SFI
3.1L MFI, SFI
3.4L OHC SFI
4.6L OHC
4.9L PFI
3.8L SFI
VIN
A, D
D
3
M
C
4
A
M
S
K
RPO
LG0,LD2
LD2
L40
L82
L47
LN2
LG0
L82
L32
L36
P
LT1
P
W
4
D
T
4
M
Y, 9
B
J
P
4
M
M
X
Y, 9
B
L, K
LT1
L99
LN2
LD2
LH0
LN2
L82
LD8, L37
L26
LT5
LT1
LN2
L82
L82
LQ1
LD8, L37
L26
L27, L36
Year
94
95
94
94-95
95
94-95
94
94-95
94-95
95
94
95
94, 95
94-95
94, 95
95
95
95
94-95
94-95
94
94-95
94-95
94-95
94-95
94-95
94-95
94-95
94-95
94-95
DLC Adapter
ALDL
OBD II
ALDL
ALDL
OBD II
ALDL
ALDL
ALDL
ALDL
OBD II
ALDL
ALDL/OBD II
ALDL, OBD II
ALDL
ALDL, OBD II
OBD II
ALDL
ALDL
ALDL
ALDL
ALDL
OBD II
OBD II
ALDL
ALDL
ALDL
ALDL
ALDL
ALDL
OBD II
Eighty-Eight,
Ninety-Eight, Park
3.8L SFI SC
1
L67
95
OBD II
Avenue, Bonneville
Eldorado, Seville
4.6L OHC
Y, 9
LD8, L37
94-95 ALDL
4.6L OHC
Y, 9
LD8, L37
94-95 ALDL
Fleetwood
5.7L TBI, SFI
P
LT1
94-95 ALDL
2.3L PFI DOHC
A, D
LD2
94-95 ALDL
Grand Am
2.3L PFI SOHC
3
L40
94
ALDL
3.1L SFI
M
L82
94-95 ALDL
Note: Data Link connectors (DLC) are located under the dash, near the steering wheel.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• A–1
A
Data Link Connectors • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
94-95 GM Cars (Used only ALDL prior to 1994)
Make/Model
GrandPrix
LeSabre
Lumina, Monte
Carlo
Regal
Riviera
Roadmaster
Saturn SC1, SL,
SL1, SW1
Saturn SC2, SL,
SL2, SW2
Engine
2.3L DOHC
3.1L MFI
3.4L PFI OHC
3.8L MFI
3.1L PFI, SFI
3.4L MFI OHC
3.1L MFI
3.8L SFI, MFI
3.8L MFI
3.8L SFI SC
5.7L
VIN
D
M
X
L
M, T
X
M
L
K
1
P
RPO
LD2
L82
LQ1
L27
L82, LH0
LQ1
LH0, L82
L27
L36
L67
LT1
Year
94-95
94-95
94-95
94-95
94-95
94-95
94-95
94-95
95
95
94-95
DLC Adapter
OBD II
ALDL
ALDL
OBD II
ALDL
ALDL
ALDL
ALDL
OBD II
OBD II
ALDL
1.9L SOHC
8
L24
94-95
ALDL
1.9L DOHC
7
LL0
94-95
ALDL
2.3L DOHC
D
LD2
95
ALDL
2.3L SOHC
3
L40
94
ALDL
3.1L
M, T
L82, LH0
94-95 ALDL
3.8L MFI
K
L36
95
OBD II
Sunbird
3.1L PFI
T
LH0
94
ALDL
2.0L TBI OHV
H
LE4
94
ALDL
Sunfire
2.2L MFI
4
LN2
95
OBD II
2.3L PFI DOHC
D
LD2
95
OBD II
Note: Data Link connectors (DLC) are located under the dash, near the steering wheel.
Skylark
94-95 GM Light Trucks & Vans
Make/Model
C Series 4x2 &
K series 4x4
Conventional Cab
Pickup, Sierra, Blazer,
Suburban, Yukon & Tahoe
G series 4x2
A
Van (full size)
Chevy van, Sport van, GMC
Vandura and Rally
M series 4x2 &
L series 4x4, Small Van,
Astro, Safari
Code
RPO
Engine
Year
DLC
Z
LB4
4.3L TBI
94-95
ALDL
H
LO3
5.0L TBI
94-95
ALDL
K
LO5
5.7L TBI
94-95
ALDL
P
L49
6.5L Diesel
94-95
ALDL
L65, L56
6.5L Turbo
diesel
94-95
ALDL
F
N
L19
7.4L TBI
94-95
ALDL
Z
LB4
4.3L TBI
94-95
ALDL
H
LO3
5.0L TBI
94-95
ALDL
K
LO5
5.7L TBI
94-95
ALDL
P, Y
L49, L57
6.5L Diesel
94-95
ALDL
N
L19
7.4L TBI
94-95
ALDL
W
L35
4.3L CPI
94-95
ALDL
Z
LB4
4.3L TBI
94
ALDL
Note: Data Link connectors (DLC) are located under the dash, near the steering wheel.
A–2 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Data Link Connectors
94-95 GM Light Trucks & Vans
Make/Model
P series 4x2
Forward Control
Parcel/Delivery commercial
vans, Motorhomes
Code
RPO
Engine
Year
DLC
Z
LB4
4.3L TBI
94-95
ALDL
K
LO5
5.7L TBI
94-95
ALDL
Y
L57
6.5L Diesel
94
ALDL
F
L65
6.5L Turbo
Diesel
94-95
ALDL
N
L19
7.4L TBI
94-95
ALDL
S series 4x2 &
T series 4x4
4
LN2
2.2L MFI
94-95
OBD II
W
L35
4.3L CPI
94
95
ALDL
OBD II
Blazer, Bravada, Jimmy, Pickup
& Sonoma
Z
LB4
4.3L TBI
94
95
ALDL
OBD II
U & X series 4x2
D
LG6
3.1L TBI
94-95
ALDL
Lumina APV, Silhouette, Trans
Sport
L
L27
3.8L PFI
94-95
ALDL
Small Conventional Cab,
All Purpose Vehicle,
Note: Data Link connectors (DLC) are located under the dash, near the steering wheel.
A
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• A–3
Data Link Connectors • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Ford Cars, Light Trucks & Vans
EEC-IV DLC
MECS 6-Pin DLC
MCU DLC
MECS 17-Pin DLC
OBD II (J1962) DLC
Ford and Lincoln/Mercury Cars, Light Trucks & Vans
MODEL
Aspire
Capri / XR2
ENGINES
1.3L
1.6L, 1.6L T
2.3L, 2.3L T,
3.8L, 5.0L,
5.0LHO
3.8L, 4.6L, 5.0L
DLC
MECS 17
MECS 6
EEC IV
YEAR
LOCATION
94-95 Engine compartment, left rear corner
91-94 Engine compartment, right rear corner.
84-86 Engine compartment, left rear corner.
EEC IV
88
4.6L
EEC V
89-94
95
Contour
2.0L, 2.5L
EEC IV
95
Cougar
2.3L, 2.3L T,
3.8L, 5.0L,
5.0LHO
EEC IV
84-85
86-90
Continental
91-95
4.6L
Escort /
XR3i/Lynx/
EXP/ LN7
A
Escort
EEC V
1.6L, 1.6L Turbo, EEC IV*
1.9L
EEC IV
1.8L
MECS 17
94-95
84-90
91-95
91-95
Engine compartment, right corner near
firewall.
Right rear of engine compartment.
Below instrument panel right of steering
wheel.
Engine compartment, left side by shock
tower.
Right inner fender of engine compartment
Engine compartment, in front of left shock
tower.
Engine compartment, in front of right
shock tower.
Below instrument panel to right of steering
wheel.
Right fender apron near firewall and shock
tower.
Engine compartment, left rear corner.
Engine compartment, left rear corner near
firewall.
Engine compartment, left rear corner.
Above right wheel well.
Front Left fender apron above wheelwell.
Below instrument panel to right of steering
wheel.
Festiva
1.3L
MECS 6
90-93
Grand Marquis, 4.6L, 5.0L
EEC IV*
84
Crown Victo85-94
ria, Colony
4.6L
EEC V
95
Park, Country
Squire
Grand Marquis/ 5.8L
MCU
84
Above right wheel well.
Crown Victoria
85-91 Front of left fender apron above wheelwell.
(Police)
Marquis/LTD
2.3L, 3.8L
EEC IV
84-86 Engine compartment, left rear corner.
* Early models are equipped with the EEC III diagnostic system which is not supported by this tool.
A–4 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Data Link Connectors
Ford and Lincoln/Mercury Cars, Light Trucks & Vans
MODEL
Mark VII
ENGINES
5.0L, 5.0L HO
DLC
EEC IV*
Mark VIII
4.6L
EEC IV
Mustang
2.3L,2.3L Turbo,
5.0L, 5.0L HO,
5.0L SHP
EEC IV
3.8L
EEC IV
3.8L
2.0L, 2.5L
EEC V
EEC IV
2.0L
(A/T only in 93)
MECS 17
Mystique
Probe
EEC IV
Sable
Scorpio
Taurus
2.2L, 2.2L Turbo
MECS 6
2.5L
MECS 17
3.0L
EEC IV
3.0L, 3.8L
EEC IV
2.9L
2.5L, 3.0L FF,
3.0L, 3.0L SHO,
3.2L, 3.8L
Tempo / Topaz 2.3L HSC,
2.3L HSO, 3.0L
Thunderbird
2.3L, 2.3L T,
3.8L, 3.8L SC,
5.0L, 5.0L HO
EEC IV
EEC IV
EEC IV
YEAR
LOCATION
84-89 Engine compartment, right corner near
firewall
90-92 Front of right fender apron.
93-95 Engine compartment on top of left wheel
well.
84-85 Center of left fender apron.
86-93 Left rear corner of engine compartment on
shock tower.
94-95 Rear of right shock tower.
84-85 Center of left fender apron.
86-93 Left rear corner of engine compartment on
shock tower.
94-95 Below left side of glove compartment.
95
Left side of engine compartment near
shock tower.
93
Left rear of engine compartment near strut
tower.
93-95 Left rear of engine compartment near strut
tower.
89-92 Left rear of engine compartment near strut
tower.
93-95 Left front of engine compartment near battery.
91-92 Left rear of engine compartment near strut
tower.
86-87 Engine compartment near alternator.
88-95 Right rear corner of engine compartment.
88
Engine compartment, right rear corner.
86-87 Engine compartment near alternator.
88-95 Right rear corner of engine compartment.
84-92
93-94
84-85
86-90
Right rear corner of engine compartment.
Left strut tower.
EEC IV
Right inner fender of engine compartment
Engine compartment, in front of left shock
tower.
91-95 Engine compartment, in front of right
shock tower.
4.6L
EEC V
94-95 Below instrument panel to right of steering
wheel.
Town Car
4.6L
EEC V
95
Below instrument panel right of steering
wheel.
4.6L, 5.0L
EEC IV*
84
Above right wheel well.
85-90 Left fender apron, near or above wheelwell.
91-94 Above left wheel well.
Tracer
1.8L
MECS 6
88-89 Engine compartment, left rear corner near
firewall.
1.8L
MECS 17 91-95 Engine compartment, left rear corner near
firewall.
1.9L
EEC IV
91-95 Engine compartment, left rear corner.
XR4Ti
2.3L Turbo
EEC IV
85-88 Engine compartment, right fender apron
above wheel well.
Aerostar
2.3L, 2.8L, 3.0L, EEC-IV
86-92 Left front fender below starter relay.
4.0L
93-95 Left rear engine compartment on firewall.
* Early models are equipped with the EEC III diagnostic system which is not supported by this tool.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• A–5
A
Data Link Connectors • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Ford and Lincoln/Mercury Cars, Light Trucks & Vans
MODEL
Bronco
Bronco II
ENGINES
4.9L*, 5.0L*,
5.8L*
*84-85 A/T Only
2.8L, 2.9L
E-Series,
4.9L, 5.0L, 5.8L,
Econoline Van 7.3L D, 7.3L TD
7.5L Calif.
>14,000 GVW
7.5L 49 States
5.8L > GVW
Explorer
4.0L
F-Series
4.9L, 5.0L, 5.8L,
Pickup
7.3L D,
7.3L TD, 7.5L
5.8L > 8500
GVW
7.0L
7.0L > 14,000
GVW
7.5L W/Fed
Emiss
7.5L > 8,500
GVW 49 States
7.5L > 14,000
GVW
Ranger
2.3L
2.3L, 2.8L, 2.9L,
3.0L, 4.0L
DLC
EEC-IV
YEAR
LOCATION
84-87 Right inner fender near starter relay.
88-95 Left front corner of engine compartment.
EEC-IV
84-88 Right inner fender near starter relay.
89-90 Right fender panel below engine compartment fuse block.
84-91 Right front fender near starter relay.
92-95 Left front corner of engine compartment.
96
Left front corner of engine compartment.
EEC-IV
EEC-IV
EEC-IV
EEC-IV
EEC-IV
EEC-IV
96
96
91-95
84-87
88-95
EEC-IV
Left front corner of engine compartment.
Left front corner of engine compartment.
Right rear of engine compartment.
Right inner fender near starter relay.
Left front fender apron in rear of engine
compartment.
96-98 Left rear of engine compartment.
EEC-IV
EEC-IV
91-96 Left rear of engine compartment.
97-98 Left rear of engine compartment.
EEC-IV
96
EEC-IV
97-98 Left rear of engine compartment.
EEC-IV
97-98 Left rear of engine compartment.
Left rear of engine compartment.
MCU
EEC-IV
84
Right front inner fender panel.
84-85 Right front inner fender panel.
86-92 Right rear fender apron near fuel pump
relay.
92-94 Left front inner fender by fuse/relay block.
2.3L, 3.0L, 4.0L EEC-V
95
Below instrument panel, right of steering
wheel.
Windstar
3.0L, 3.8L
EEC-V
95
Below instrument panel, right of steering
wheel.
* Early models are equipped with the EEC III diagnostic system which is not supported by this tool.
A
A–6 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Data Link Connectors
Chrysler Cars, Light Trucks & Vans
LH DLC
SCI DLC
OBD II (J1962) DLC
Chrysler Cars, Light Trucks & Vans
Make/Model
Year
Engine
DLC
Location
Front of left shock/strut tower, near the
SBEC/SMEC module.
At front of left shock/strut tower.
Acclaim
89-95
ALL
SCI
Aries K, Reliant
89
89-91
ALL
ALL
SCI
SCI
92-93
ALL
SCI
94-95
ALL
SCI
Cherokee
91-95
ALL
Cirrus
95
ALL
Comanche
91-92
ALL
Concorde,
Intrepid, Vision
93-95
ALL
LH
Dakota
91
ALL
SCI
Daytona
89-93
ALL
SCI
Dynasty
89-93
ALL
SCI
90
ALL
SCI
91-93
ALL
SCI
Grand Cherokee,
Grand Wagoneer
93-
ALL
SCI
Horizon, Omni
89-90
ALL
SCI
Lancer
LeBaron Coupe,
Convertible
LeBaron Sedan,
GTS
LHS
Monaco, Premier
Neon
89
ALL
SCI
Front of left side shock tower by relays
& SMEC.
At front of left shock/strut tower.
89-95
ALL
SCI
At front of left shock/strut tower.
89-95
ALL
94-95
91-92
95
ALL
ALL
ALL
Caravan,
Grand Caravan
Fifth Avenue,
Imperial
In front of left fender panel below
relays.
In engine compartment near PCM
module.
In engine compartment on left side of
firewall.
In front of left fender apron behind air
cleaner.
Left of steering column under dash on
OBD II
body control module
In front of left fender apron behind air
SCI
cleaner.
SCI
Right of steering column under dash.
Engine compartment, right corner of
firewall
At front of left shock/strut tower.
Front of left shock/strut tower near
SBEC/PCM.
In engine compartment near air filter
housing.
On front of left fender panel by
SMEC/SBAC.
Right rear of engine compartment.
Front of left shock/strut tower near
SBEC/PCM.
LH
Right of steering column under dash.
SCI On left fender pane next to SBEC.
OBD II Under left side of dash.
SCI
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• A–7
A
Data Link Connectors • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Chrysler Cars, Light Trucks & Vans
Make/Model
Year
89-93
Engine
ALL
DLC
SCI
New Yorker
94-95
ALL
89-95 5.2L, 5.9L
LH
SCI
89-95 3.9L, 5.9L
Diesel
8.0L
94-95
SCI
89-90 5.2L, 5.9L
91-95 5.2L, 5.9L
SCI
SCI
92-95 5.2L CNG
89-95
3.9L
SCI
SCI
89-90
ALL
SCI
91-93
ALL
SCI
95
ALL
OBD II
89-95
ALL
SCI
Spirit
89-95
ALL
SCI
Stealth
94-95
ALL
OBD II
Stratus
95
ALL
OBD II
Summit, Colt
94-95
ALL
OBD II
Pickup D/W, RAM
series
Ram Wagon/Van,
B-Van
Ramcharger
Sebring
Coupe/Avenger
Shadow, Sundance
Talon
Town & County
A
Voyager, Grand
Voyager
Wrangler
SCI
95
ALL
OBD II
90-91
ALL
SCI
92-93
ALL
SCI
94-95
ALL
SCI
89-91
ALL
SCI
92-93
ALL
SCI
94-95
ALL
SCI
91-95
ALL
SCI
Location
Front of left shock tower near the
SBEC/SMEC module.
Right of steering column under dash.
On left side of firewall near master cylinder.
In engine compartment on right side of
firewall.
In engine compartment on right side of
firewall.
On left side of firewall below cowl.
On center of firewall next to
SBEC/PCM.
Under center of dash panel.
In engine compartment on right side of
firewall.
On left side corner of firewall below
cowl.
In engine compartment, near master
cylinder.
Under left side of dash, right side of
steering column.
Front of left shock/strut tower near
SBEC/PCM.
Front of left shock/strut tower near
SBEC/PCM.
Under left side of dash, right side of
steering column.
Left of steering column under dash on
body control module
Under left side of dash, right side of
steering column.
Under left side of dash, right side of
steering column.
On front of left fender panel below
relays.
In engine compartment near PCM
module.
In engine compartment on left side of
firewall.
In front of left fender panel below
relays.
In engine compartment near PCM
module.
In engine compartment near PCM
module on left side of firewall.
In front of left fender apron behind air
cleaner near SBEC.
A–8 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Appendix B - Glossary
A/C:
Air Conditioner
A/D:
Analog to Digital
A/F:
Air/Fuel ratio. The proportion of air and
fuel delivered to the cylinder for
combustion. For example, an A/F ratio
of 14:1 denotes 14 times as much air
as fuel in the mixture. Ideally the A/F
ratio is 14.7:1.
ABS:
Anti-lock Brake System
AC Clutch Relay:
The PCM uses this relay to energize
the A/C clutch, turning the A/C
compressor on or off.
AC Pressure Sensor:
Measures air conditioning refrigerant
pressure and sends a voltage signal to
the PCM.
AC Pressure Switch:
A mechanical switch connected to the
A/C refrigerant line. The switch is
activated (sending a signal to the
PCM) when the A/C refrigerant
pressure becomes too low or high.
Actuator:
Actuators such as relays, solenoids,
and motors allow the PCM to control
the operation of vehicle systems.
Air Injection Reaction (AIR)
System:
An emission control system operated
by the PCM. During cold starts, an air
pump injects outside air into the
exhaust manifold to help burn hot
exhaust gases. This reduces pollution
and speeds warm-up of oxygen
sensors and catalytic converters. After
the engine is warm, the air will either
be “dumped” back to the atmosphere
(or into the air cleaner assembly) or
sent to the catalytic converter.
APP:
Acceleration Pedal Position (Sensor)
ASR:
Acceleration Slip Regulation
Bank x:
The standard way of referring to the
bank of cylinders containing cylinder
#x. In-line engines have only one bank
of cylinders. Most commonly used to
identify the location of oxygen
sensors. See O2S, Sensor x, Sensor
x.
BARO:
Barometric Pressure Sensor. See
MAP Sensor.
BBV:
Brake Boost Vacuum (Sensor)
BCM:
Body Control Module
Boost Control Solenoid:
A solenoid that is energized by the
PCM, in order to control
turbo/supercharger boost pressure.
Brake Switch Signal:
An input signal to the PCM indicating
that the brake pedal is being pressed.
This signal is typically used to
disengage Cruise Control systems
and Torque Converter Clutch (TCC)
solenoids. See also TCC.
CAM:
Camshaft Position Sensor. Sends a
frequency signal to the PCM in order to
synchronize fuel injector and spark
plug firing.
Catalytic Converter:
Designed to reduce exhaust
emissions.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• B–1
B
Glossary • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
CAN:
Controller Area Network
CARB:
California Air Resources Board.
Governing body for emissions control
in California.
CKP REF:
Crankshaft Position Reference.
CKP:
Crankshaft Position. See CPS.
CKT:
Circuit
Closed Loop (CL):
A feedback system that uses the O2
Sensor(s) to monitor the results of
combustion. Based on the signal(s)
from the O2 sensor(s), the PCM
modifies the air/fuel mixture to
maintain optimum performance with
lowest emissions. In closed loop
mode, the PCM can “fine tune” control
of a system to achieve an exact result.
CMP:
Camshaft Position Sensor
CO:
Carbon Monoxide; odorless gas
produced by incomplete combustion.
Code Reader:
A device that interfaces with and
communicates information a data link.
Continuous Memory Codes:
See Pending Codes.
CPS:
Crankshaft Position Sensor. Sends a
frequency signal to the PCM. It is used
to reference fuel injector operation and
synchronize spark plug firing on
distributorless ignition systems (DIS).
B
CTS:
Coolant Temperature Sensor. A
resistance sensor that sends a voltage
signal to the PCM indicating the
temperature of the coolant. This signal
tells the PCM whether the engine is
“cold” or “warm”.
CVRTD:
Continuous Variable Real Time
Damping
D/R:
Drive/Reverse
Data Link Connector (DLC):
Connector providing access and/or
control of the vehicle information,
operating conditions, and diagnostic
information. Vehicles with OBD II use a
16-pin connector located in the
passenger compartment.
Data Stream:
The actual data communications sent
from the vehicle’s PCM to the data
connector.
DEPS:
Digital Engine Position Sensor.
Detonation:
See Knock.
DI/DIS:
Direct Ignition/Distributorless Ignition
System. A system that produces the
ignition spark without the use of a
distributor.
DPFE:
Differential Pressure Feedback –
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Sensor
DTC:
Diagnostic Trouble Code. An
alphanumeric identifier for a fault
condition identified by the On Board
Diagnostic System.
Duty Cycle:
A term applied to signals that switch
between “on” and “off”. Duty cycle is
the percentage of time the signal is
“on”. For example, if the signal is “on”
only one fourth of the time, then the
duty cycle is 25%. The PCM uses duty
cycle type signals to maintain precise
control of an actuator.
EBCM:
Electronic Brake Control Module
B–2 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Glossary
EBTCM:
Electronic Brake/Traction Control
Module
engine load, vehicle speed,
Park/Neutral switch position, and
knock sensor condition.
ECM
Engine Control Module or Electronic
Control Module
EVAP:
Evaporative Emissions System.
ECT:
Engine Coolant Temperature sensor.
See CTS.
EEPROM:
Electrically Erasable Programmable
Read Only Memory
FC:
Fan Control
Freeze Frame:
A block of memory containing DTCs of
the vehicle operating conditions for a
specific time.
EFE:
Early Fuel Evaporation
FTP:
Federal Test Procedure. Strict test of
vehicle’s emissions.
EFI:
Electronic Fuel Injection. Any system
where a computer controls fuel
delivery to the engine by using fuel
injectors.
Ground (GND):
An electrical conductor used as a
common return for an electric circuit(s)
and with a relative zero potential
(voltage).
EGR:
Exhaust Gas Recirculation. The PCM
uses the EGR system to recirculate
exhaust gases back into the intake
manifold to reduce emissions. EGR
Recirculation is used only during warm
engine cruise conditions.
Hall Effect Sensor:
Any of a type of sensor utilizing a
permanent magnet and a
transistorized Hall Effect switch. Hall
Effect type sensors may be used to
measure speed and position of the
crankshaft or camshaft — for spark
timing and fuel injector control.
EOP:
Engine Oil Pressure (Switch)
EOT
Engine Oil Temperature (Sensor)
EPA:
Environmental Protection Agency.
ESC:
Electronic Spark Control. An ignition
system function that warns the PCM
when “knock” is detected. The PCM
will then retard spark timing to
eliminate the knocking condition.
EST:
Electronic Spark Timing. An ignition
system that allows the PCM to control
spark advance timing. The PCM
determines optimum spark timing from
sensor information — engine speed,
throttle position, coolant temperature,
HO2S:
Heated Oxygen Sensor. See O2S.
HVAC:
Heating, Ventilation & Air Conditioning
(System)
I/M:
Inspection and Maintenance. An
emission control program.
IAC:
Idle Air Control. A device mounted on
the throttle body which adjusts the
amount of air bypassing a closed
throttle so that the PCM can control
idle speed.
IAT:
Intake Air Temperature (Sensor)
ICM:
Ignition Control Module.
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B
Glossary • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
IMRC:
Intake Manifold Runner Control
IPC:
Instrument Panel Cluster
ISC:
Idle Speed Control. A small electric
motor mounted on the throttle body
and controlled by the PCM. The PCM
can control idle speed by commanding
the ISC to adjust its position.
ISO:
International Organization of
Standardization also know as
International Standards Organization.
KAM:
Keep Alive Memory
Knock Sensor (KS):
Used to detect engine detonation or
“knock.” The sensor contains a
piezoelectric element and is threaded
into the engine block. Special
construction makes the element
sensitive only to engine vibrations
associated with detonation.
Knock:
Uncontrolled ignition of the air/fuel
mixture in the cylinder. Also referred to
as detonation or ping. Knock indicates
extreme cylinder pressures or
“hotspots” which are causing the
air/fuel mixture to detonate
prematurely.
KOEO:
Key On — Engine Off.
KOER:
Key On — Engine Running.
LCD:
Liquid Crystal Display.
LTFT:
Long Term Fuel Trim.
B
M/T:
Manual transmission or manual
transaxle.
MAF:
Mass Air Flow Sensor. Measures the
amount and density of air entering the
engine and sends a frequency or
voltage signal to the PCM. The PCM
uses this signal in its fuel delivery
calculations.
MAP:
Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor.
Measures intake manifold vacuum or
pressure and sends a frequency or
voltage signal (depending on sensor
type) to the PCM. This gives the PCM
information on engine load for control
of fuel delivery, spark advance, and
EGR flow.
MAT:
Manifold Air Temperature sensor. A
resistance sensor in the intake
manifold that sends a voltage signal to
the PCM indicating the temperature of
the incoming air. The PCM uses this
signal for fuel delivery calculations.
MIL:
Malfunction Indicator Lamp. The MIL
is most commonly known as the
“Check Engine” or “Service Engine
Soon” light. A required on-board
indicator to alert the driver of an
emission-related malfunction.
Misfire:
Caused by the air fuel ratio being
incorrect.
Monitor:
A test performed by the on-board
computer to verify proper operation of
emission related systems or
components.
MPFI or MFI:
Multi-Port Fuel Injection. MPFI is a fuel
injection system using one (or more)
injector(s) for each cylinder. The
injectors are mounted in the intake
manifold, and fired in groups rather
than individually.
B–4 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Glossary
NOx:
Oxides of Nitrogen. The system EGR
and Cam Shafts injects exhaust gases
into the intake manifold to reduce
these gases at the tailpipe.
O2S:
Oxygen Sensor. Generates a voltage
of 0.6 to 1.1 volts when the exhaust
gas is rich (low oxygen content). The
voltage changes to 0.4 volts or less
when the exhaust gas is lean (high
oxygen content). This sensor only
operates after it reaches a
temperature of approximately 349ºC
(660ºF). O2 sensors are usually found
both upstream and downstream of the
catalytic converter. The PCM uses
these sensors to fine tune the air-fuel
ratio and to monitor the efficiency of
the catalytic converter. See Bank 1,
Bank 2, Sensor 1, Sensor 2.
OBD II:
On-Board Diagnostics, Second
Generation. OBD II is a U.S.
Government-mandated standard
requiring all cars and light trucks to
have a common data connector,
connector location, communication
protocol, DTCs and code definitions.
OBD II first appeared on vehicles in
late 1994, and is required to be present
on all cars sold in the US after January
1, 1996.
ODM:
Output Device Monitor.
Open Loop (OL):
A control system mode that does not
monitor the output to verify if the
desired results were achieved. A fuel
delivery system will usually operate in
open loop mode during cold engine
warm-up because the oxygen sensors
are not yet ready to send a signal.
Without the oxygen sensor signal, the
computer cannot check the actual
results of combustion.
PCM:
Powertrain Control Module. The
“brains” of the engine control system
and transmission control system
housed in a metal box with a number of
sensors and actuators connected via a
wiring harness. Its job is to control fuel
delivery, idle speed, spark advance
timing, and emission systems. The
PCM receives information from
sensors, then energizes various
actuators to control the engine. The
PCM is also known as the ECM
(Engine Control Module).
Pending Codes:
Also referred to as Continuous
Memory codes and Maturing
Diagnostic Trouble Codes. Pending
Codes may be set by emission related
powertrain components and systems.
If the fault does not occur after a
certain number of drive cycles, the
code is erased from memory.
PID:
Parameter Identification. Identifies an
address in memory which contains
vehicle operating information.
PNP:
Park/Neutral Position. This is a switch
that tells the PCM when the gear shift
lever is in the Park or Neutral position.
When in Park or Neutral, the PCM will
operate the engine in an “idle” mode.
PROM:
Programmable Read-Only Memory.
The PROM contains programming
information the PCM needs to operate
a specific vehicle model/engine
combination.
PSPS:
Power Steering Pressure Switch
Purge Solenoid:
Controls the flow of fuel vapors from
the carbon canister to the intake
manifold. The canister collects vapors
evaporating from the fuel tank,
preventing them from escaping to the
atmosphere and causing pollution.
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Glossary • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
During warm engine cruise conditions,
the PCM energizes the Purge
Solenoid so the trapped vapors are
drawn into the engine and burned.
PWM:
Pulse Width Modulated
PZM:
Platform Zone Module
QDM:
Quad Driver Module
RAM:
Random Access Memory
Relay:
An electromechanical device in which
connections in one circuit are switched
Reluctance Sensor:
A type of sensor typically used to
measure crankshaft or camshaft
Speed and/or position, driveshaft
speed, and wheel speed
ROM:
Read-Only Memory. Permanent
programming information stored
inside the PCM, containing the
information the PCM needs to operate
a specific vehicle model/engine
combination.
RPM:
Revolutions Per Minute
SAE:
Society of Automotive Engineers.
Scan Tool:
A device that interfaces with and
communicates information on a data
link.
B
Sensor:
Any device that reports information to
the PCM. The job of the sensor is to
convert a parameter such as engine
temperature into an electrical signal
that the PCM can understand.
SFI or SEFI:
Sequential Fuel Injection or
Sequential Electronic Fuel Injection. A
fuel injection system that uses one or
more injectors for each cylinder. The
injectors are mounted in the intake
manifold and are fired individually.
Solenoid:
A device consisting of an electrical coil
which when energized, produces a
magnetic field in a plunger, which is
pulled to a central position. A solenoid
may be used as an actuator in a valve
or switch.
STFT:
Short Term Fuel Trim.
STS:
Service Throttle Soon
TAC:
Throttle Actuator Control
TBI:
Throttle Body Injection. A fuel injection
system having one or more injectors
mounted in a centrally located throttle
body, as opposed to positioning the
injectors close to an intake valve port.
TBI is also called Central Fuel Injection
(CFI) in some vehicles.
TCC:
Torque Converter Clutch
SDM:
Sensing and Diagnostic Module
TCM:
Transmission Control Module
Sensor x:
A standard term used to identify the
location of oxygen sensors. Sensor 1
is located upstream of the catalytic
converter. See O2S, Bank 1, Bank 2.
TCS:
Traction Control System for PCM and
brakes
TDC:
Top Dead Center. When a piston is at
its uppermost position in the cylinder.
TFP:
Transmission Fluid Pressure
B–6 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Glossary
TFT:
Transmission Fluid Temperature
(Sensor)
Throttle Body:
A device which performs the same
function as a carburetor in a fuel
injection system. On a throttle body
injection (TBI) system, the throttle
body is both the air door and the
location of the fuel injectors. On port
fuel injection systems (PFI, MPFI, SFI,
etc.), the throttle body is simply an air
door. Fuel is not added until the
injectors at each intake port are
activated. In each case, the throttle
body is attached to the accelerator
pedal.
TPS:
Throttle Position Sensor.
Potentiometer-type sensor connected
to the throttle shaft. Its voltage signal
output increases as the throttle is
opened. The PCM uses this signal to
control many systems such as idle
speed, spark advance, fuel delivery,
etc.
Traction Assist:
Assist in traction with brakes only.
Trip:
Vehicle operation for a period of time
so the systems can be monitored.
TTS:
Transmission Temperature Sensor. A
resistance sensor mounted in the
transmission housing in contact with
the transmission fluid. It sends a
voltage signal to the PCM indicating
the temperature of the transmission.
VIN:
Vehicle Identification Number. This is
the factory-assigned vehicle serial
number. This number is stamped on a
number of locations throughout the
vehicle, but the most prominent
location is on top of the dashboard on
the driver’s side, visible from outside
the car. The VIN includes information
about the car, including where it was
built, body and engine codes, options,
and a sequential build number.
VSS:
Vehicle Speed Sensor. Sends a
frequency signal to the PCM. The
frequency increases as the vehicle
moves faster to give the PCM vehicle
speed information used to determine
shift points, engine load, and cruise
control functions.
VTD:
Vehicle Theft Deterrent
Warm-up Cycle:
Warm-up cycle is when the engine
coolant temperature rises at least 40
degrees above that at engine start up.
WOT:
Wide-Open Throttle. The vehicle
operating condition brought about
when the throttle is completely (or
nearly) open. The PCM will typically
deliver extra fuel to the engine and
de-energize the A/C compressor at
this time for acceleration purposes.
The PCM uses a switch or the Throttle
Position Sensor to identify the WOT
condition.
VECI:
Vehicle Emission Control Information.
A decal located in the engine
compartment containing information
about the emission control systems
found on the vehicle. The VECI is the
authoritative source for determining
whether a vehicle is OBD II compliant.
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B
Glossary • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
B
B–8 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Appendix C - Most Asked Questions
Ford Vehicles:
— Aspire
— Capri/XR2, 1991 – 1994
— Escort, 1.8 Liter, 1991 –
1995
— Festiva
— Probe: 2.0 Liter, 1993
(Automatic Transmission
only); 2.2 Liter, 1989 –
1992; 2.5 Liter V-6, 1993 –
1995
— Tracer, 1.8 Liter, 1988 –
1989, 1.8 Liter, 1991 –
1995
• Actron model number CP9120
Chrysler LH cable – The LH
cable is used on the following
Chrysler vehicles:
— Chrysler Concorde, 1993 –
1995
— Chrysler LHS, 1994 – 1995
— Chrysler New Yorker, 1994
– 1995
— Dodge Intrepid, 1993 – 1995
— Eagle Vision, 1993 – 1995
GENERAL INFORMATION
Q - is for the question
A - is for the answer
NEED TO KNOW
Q. What do I need to know about the
vehicle to use the scan tool?
A. To operate the scan tool you
need to know the make, model,
and year of the vehicle.
Important - If the vehicle is older than a
1996, you will also need to know the
engine.
SUPPLIED CABLES
Q. What cables are supplied with the
scan tool for connecting to the
vehicle?
A. The scan tool is supplied with
4 different vehicle data connector cables, and a cigarette lighter
power cable. The cables are
labeled and used as follows:
• “SCI” – Most Chrysler
Corporation vehicles from
1989 – 1995
• “EEC IV” – Ford Motor
Company vehicles, 1984 –
1995
• “ALDL” – Most General
Motors Corporation vehicles,
1984 – 1994
• “OBD II 2.0” – All OBD II
compliant vehicles, and most
1995 General Motors
Corporation vehicles.
OPTIONAL CABLES
Q. Are there any other data cables
available for the scan tool?
DIAGNOSTIC CONNECTOR
LOCATIONS
OBD II
Q. Where is the diagnostic connector
located on OBD II compliant vehicles?
A. The connector should be
located under the dashboard on
the driver’s side of the vehicle.
IMPORTANT - If the connector is not
located under the dashboard, there
should be a decal indicating the exact
location of the DLC.
A. Yes. There are 2 optional
cables available for vehicle
diagnostics.
• Actron model number CP9116
MECS cable – The MECS
cable is used on the following
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• C–1
C
Most Asked Questions • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
NON OBD II
Q. Where is the diagnostic connector
located on non OBD II compliant
vehicles?
A. Location of diagnostic
connector varied by vehicle
manufacturer:
• Chrysler Corporation, 1989 –
1995
— It is typically located under
the hood near the
Powertrain Control Module
or near a shock tower.
There may be a protective
cover on the connector,
and this cover may be
taped to the wiring harness.
• Ford Motor Company, 1984 –
1995
— These connectors are
typically located under the
hood near the firewall, or
near a shock tower. There
may be a protective cover
on the connector, and this
cover may be taped to the
wiring harness.
• General Motors Corporation,
1984 – 1995
— This connector is typically
located under the
dashboard on the driver’s
side of the vehicle. It may
be in full view or recessed
behind a panel. It may
have a cover on it labeled
“Diagnostic Connector”.
— The following diagnostic
connector location
exceptions:
C
• Pontiac LeMans –
Connector is
located behind
passenger side kick
panel. Remove the
snap on cover for
access.
• Pontiac Fiero –
Connector is
located in center
console behind
cover panel.
• Chevrolet Corvette
– Connector may be
located in the center
console behind ash
tray.
POWERING SCAN TOOL
CIGARETTE LIGHTER POWER
CABLE
Q. When do I use the cigarette lighter
power cable?
A. The cigarette lighter power
cable is used to supply power to
the scan tool on any vehicle
which does not use the OBD II
data link connector, or 1993 –
1995 Chrysler LH vehicles.
• Vehicles equipped with the
OBD II DLC provide power to
the scan tool through that
same connector.
• 1993 – 1995 Chrysler LH
vehicles also provide power to
the scan tool through their DLC.
NO CIGARETTE LIGHTER IN
VEHICLE
Q. The vehicle I want to test does not
have a cigarette lighter or the cigarette
lighter does not work. What do I do?
A. The scan tool can be powered
directly from the vehicle’s battery
post connections.
• To operate scan tool from the
posts on the battery get an
Actron Model CP9118 Battery
Clip Cable Adapter.
LO INDICATOR ON SCAN TOOL
DISPLAY
Q. When the scan tool powers up, I get
a LO indicator in the lower right corner
of the display. What does this mean?
A. The scan tool requires a new
9 volt battery.
• The scan tool will not store
vehicle diagnostic information
— When battery is low
printing can not be done.
C–2 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Most Asked Questions
TROUBLESHOOTING
OBD II VEHICLE – SCAN TOOL
DEAD
Q. I hooked the scan tool to an “OBD II
connector equipped” vehicle, and the
scan tool appears dead, no
information appears on the LCD
screen. What’s wrong?
A. Try the scan tool in another
“OBD II connector equipped”
vehicle. If the tool works in the
2nd vehicle, then this is a good
indication that the first vehicle
has a 12 volt power or ground
feed problem to its Data Link
Connector. Pin 16 of the DLC
should have battery voltage on
it, and pins 4 & 5 should be at
vehicle ground.
IMPORTANT - The scan tool requires a
minimum of 8 volts between Pin 16 and
Pin 4 of the DLC to power up.
• If there is no battery voltage at
Pin 16, check the fuse that
feeds and protects that circuit.
If you are still experiencing
difficulty, please contact Actron
Technical Support for further
assistance.
NON OBD II VEHICLE – SCAN
TOOL DEAD
Q. I hooked the scan tool to a “non
OBD II connector equipped” vehicle,
and the tool appears dead, no
information appears on the LCD
screen. What’s wrong?
A. Move the scan tool to another
vehicle and try it again. If the tool
works in the 2nd vehicle, then this
is a good indication that the first
vehicle has a 12 volt power or
ground feed problem to its
cigarette lighter receptacle.
IMPORTANT - Scan tool requires a
minimum of 8 volts at the vehicle’s
cigarette lighter receptacle to power up.
— If the scan tool does not
power up when connected
to the 2nd vehicle, the
cigarette lighter power
cable may have failed.
CAUTION - Be sure to power the scan
tool from the same vehicle that is
being scanned. Powering the tool from
one vehicle while simultaneously
scanning a second vehicle may result
in invalid test results or damage to the
vehicle or tool!
— If you are still experiencing
difficulty, please contact
Actron Technical Support
for further assistance.
ANY VEHICLE – SCAN TOOL
MESSAGE - “You Must Plug Tool
Into Vehicle DLC For This
Operation Press ENTER to Cont”
Q. I connected the scan tool to a
vehicle, and noticed that it didn’t
power up by itself as it usually does, so
I turned it on with its ON/OFF button.
When I tried to read codes, the
following message appeared on the
tool, “You Must Plug Tool Into Vehicle
DLC For This Operation Press ENTER
to Cont”. What’s wrong?
A. Both the “Read Codes” and
“Erase Codes” functions are
found under the “Vehicle
Diagnosis” menu in the counter
tool.
• This requires that the tool be
powered by the vehicle, not the
tool’s 9 volt battery.
• When the tool is plugged into
the vehicle and it turns on by
itself, you will know that the
vehicle battery has powered
the tool.
• When the above message is
displayed, the tool is not being
powered by the vehicle battery.
• If this message is encountered
on a “non OBD II connector
equipped” vehicle, check the
vehicle’s cigarette lighter for
voltage, or power the tool with
an Actron Model CP9118
Battery Clip Cable adapter.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• C–3
C
Most Asked Questions • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
• If this message is encountered
on an “OBD II connector
equipped” vehicle, check the
vehicle’s DLC. Pin 16 of the
DLC should have battery
voltage on it, and pins 4 & 5
should be at vehicle ground.
IMPORTANT - The scan tool requires a
minimum of 8 volts between Pin 16 and
Pin 4 of the DLC to power up.
• If there is no battery voltage at
Pin 16, check the fuse that
feeds and protects that circuit.
• If still experiencing difficulty,
please contact Actron Technical
Support for further assistance.
OBD II VEHICLE – SCAN TOOL
MESSAGE - “Operating Error
Check Connections! Try Again?”
Q. I hooked scan tool to an “OBD II
connector equipped” vehicle, but all I
get is an “Operating Error Check
Connections! Try Again?” message.
What’s wrong?
A. 1. Is the ignition key in the ON
position with the engine OFF?
• Key needs to be ON (RUN)
position and the engine should
not be running.
— Turn the key OFF.
— Remove scan tool connector
for 15 seconds and plug it
back in.
— Turn key back to the ON
position with the engine
OFF.
— Try the code reading
procedure again.
A. 2. Try scan tool in another
OBD II compliant vehicle.
C
IMPORTANT - Must be completed with
same manufacturer. For example if tool
fails on GM, try another GM vehicle.
• If tool works in the 2nd vehicle
— Good signal that the 1st
vehicle has a powertrain
control module, harness,
or connector problem.
Important With a control module problem
communication can not be achieved.
A. 3. OBD II connector usage
and OBD II compliance
• There are a few vehicles that
use the OBD II DLC that are
not OBD II compliant.
— Many heavy duty vehicles
from various manufacturers
are equipped with the OBD
II DLC, but are exempt from
OBD II compliance.
IMPORTANT - A heavy duty vehicle is
defined as any vehicle which has a
GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating)
greater than 8,500 pounds (14,000
pounds in California).
• Check the VECI (Vehicle
Emissions Control Information)
— Decal is located under the
hood of the vehicle.
— Usually decal indicate if
vehicle is OBD I or OBD II.
IMPORTANT - OBD I has become a
“catch all” acronym for vehicles that
use manufacturer specific self
diagnostic systems that were in place
prior to implementation of OBD II.
If connection is made between scan
tool to and non OBD II compliant
vehicle, no damage will result to either
the vehicle or the scan tool, but the
tool will display the “operating error”
message indicating that it cannot
establish communication with the
vehicle.
• If still experiencing problems,
please contact Actron Technical
Support for further assistance.
NON OBD II VEHICLE – SCAN
TOOL MESSAGE - “Operating
Error Check Connections! Try
Again?”
Q. I hooked my scan tool to a non “OBD
II connector equipped” vehicle, but all
I get is an “Operating Error Check
Connections! Try Again?” message.
What’s wrong?
A. 1. Ensure ignition key is in the
ON position with the Engine OFF.
• If NOT:
— Turn the key OFF.
C–4 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Most Asked Questions
—
Remove scan tool connector
for 15 seconds and plug it
back in.
— Turn key back to the ON
position with the engine OFF.
— Try the code reading
procedure again.
A. 2. Is diagnostic connector
located under hood?
• If YES:
— Check contacts on vehicle’s
diagnostic connector for
corrosion or degradation.
IMPORTANT: If vehicle test connector
has not been stored in a protective cover
or if there is no protective cover, there is
a good chance that the underhood heat,
water, dirt, salt, etc. has caused
deterioration of the contacts, and a good
electrical connection is not being made
between the vehicle and scan tool.
A. 3. Try scan tool in another
non OBD II compliant of the
same manufacturer,
IMPORTANT - Must be completed with
same manufacturer. For example if tool
fails on GM, try another GM vehicle.
• If tool works in the 2nd vehicle
— Good signal that the 1st
vehicle has a powertrain
control module, harness,
or connector problem.
Important With a control module problem
communication can not be achieved.
• If you are still experiencing
problems, please contact Actron
Technical Support for further
assistance.
1993 – 1995 CHRYSLER LH CARS
Q. I’m trying to diagnose a 1993 – 1995
Chrysler Concorde, LHS, New Yorker,
Dodge Intrepid, or Eagle Vision and I
can not find the diagnostic connector.
Where is it?
A. The diagnostic connector is
typically located below the dashboard to the right of the steering
column
• Chrysler vehicles do not use
the typical Chrysler SCI diagnostic connector.
— Diagnostic connector is a
small blue rectangular
connector with 6 cavities.
• You will need an Actron Model
CP9120 LH cable.
1988 – 1995 FORD COMPACT
CARS AND FORD PROBES
Q. I’m trying to diagnose a Ford Motor
Company compact passenger car or
Ford Probe, and I can’t find the EEC IV
diagnostic connector. Where is it?
A. It is located under the hood
• The following Ford vehicles do
not use the EEC IV computer
control system, but rather the
MECS (Mazda Electronic
Control System).
— Aspire
— Capri/XR2, 1991 – 1994
— Escort, 1.8 Liter, 1991 –
1995
— Festiva
— Probe: 2.0 Liter, 1993
(Automatic Transmission
only); 2.2 Liter, 1989 – 1992;
2.5 Liter V-6, 1993 – 1995
— Tracer, 1.8 Liter, 1988 –
1989, 1.8 Liter, 1991 – 1995
• The MECS system uses either a
7 cavity or 17 cavity rectangular
connector.
• You will need an Actron Model
CP9116 MECS cable.
PRINTING DIFFICULTY
Q. I successfully scanned a vehicle,
but when I returned to the store to
print the results for the customer, the
scan tool displayed the following
message: “No Data Stored In Tool.
Use READ CODES Before Printing”.
What’s wrong?
A. Scan tools 9 volt battery is
missing, weak or dead.
• Replace 9 volt battery
— For best results use an
alkaline battery.
— Battery is used to store
scanned information.
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C
Most Asked Questions • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
—
If battery is weak (as
shown by the LO symbol in
the lower right corner of the
tool’s display)
• Repeat Vehicle Diagnosis.
Q. I successfully scanned a vehicle,
and returned to the store to print the
results for the customer. The printer
provided the following message: “Set
DTCs (Codes) No Faults Detected”
A. Check the following:
• Check that the Malfunction
Indicator Lamp is ON with the
engine running.
— If the Malfunction Indicator
Lamp is not ON with the
engine running:
• There is no current
to DTC’s set in the
vehicle’s computer.
—
If Malfunction is ON with
engine running, there may
be one or more enhanced
(manufacturer’s) DTC’s set
in the vehicle’s computer.
• Visit dealership for
further testing.
Q. I successfully scanned a vehicle,
and returned to the store to print the
results for the customer. The scan
tool displayed the following
message: “All Data Has Been Sent
To The Printer”, but nothing printed.
What’s wrong?
C
A. Check the following:
• Check that printer is ON.
• Check that printer is on-line.
• Check that printer has paper
loaded.
• Check that printer paper is not
jammed.
• Check the position of the A – B
switch on the CP9119 RS-232
adapter.
— Normally it should be in the
B position for printing.
— If however printer cable or
adapter setup is different,
position A may need to be
used.
• Check cable connections.
— CP9119, RS-232 adapter
scan tool
— 9 pin serial, RJ-45 adapter
— RJ-45 adapter, printer
cable
— Printer cable, printer
connector
• Check that scan tool and
printer communication settings
match.
— Printer communication
settings of in store printer
can be gotten by:
• Switching printer’s
power to OFF.
• Press and hold
Paper Feed button
while turning
printers power
switch back ON.
• Printer will print
copy of current
settings.
— Scan tool’s communication
settings can be gotten by:
• From “Main Menu”,
select :
— “Tool Self-Test”
— “Printer Test”
— “Yes”
• Observe:
— highlighted arrow
on parameters
— Ensure parameters
match printer
settings.
— Note that your
in-store printer
will support [Fast]
printing.
• If you are still experiencing
problems, please contact Actron
Technical Support for further
assistance.
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©2005 SPX Actron
All Rights Reserved.
0002-003-2446
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