Systems and Principles Unit Syllabus

Systems and Principles Unit Syllabus
Systems and Principles
Unit Syllabus
Level 2 Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2
7540-228
www.cityandguilds.com
June 2010
Version 2.0
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Contents
Unit 228
Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2
Syllabus Overview
2
Outcome 1
Identify hazards associated with ICT equipment and reduce risks to systems and
personnel
3
Outcome 2
Identify failures in ICT equipment and apply appropriate fixes
7
Outcome 3
Apply preventative maintenance to ICT systems
Unit record sheet
Systems and Principles Unit Syllabus | Level 2 Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2 | 7540-228
11
13
1
Unit 228
Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2
Syllabus Overview
Unit accreditation number K/501/3960
Credit value
9
Rationale
The ability to maintain ICT equipment and systems is a valuable skill in the IT support industry. This
unit will enable candidates to identify and fix problems with ICT equipment. Candidates will develop
theoretical and practical knowledge of identifying failures of ICT equipment, and applying corrective
and preventative maintenance. It will also guide candidates in identifying hazards associated with
ICT equipment and in establishing a safe working environment.
Learning outcomes
There are three outcomes to this unit. The candidate will be able to:
• Identify hazards associated with ICT equipment and reduce risks to systems and personnel
• Identify failures in ICT equipment and apply appropriate fixes
• Apply preventative maintenance to ICT systems
Guided learning hours
It is recommended that 70 hours should be allocated for this unit. This may be on a full time or part
time basis.
Connections with other qualifications
This unit contributes towards the knowledge and understanding required for the Level 2 Diploma in
ICT Professional Competence
Assessment and grading
Assessment will be by means of a set assignment covering practical activities and an on-line
multiple choice test covering underpinning knowledge.
2
Systems and Principles Unit Syllabus | Level 2 Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2 | 7540-228
Unit 228
Outcome 1
Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2
Identify hazards associated with ICT equipment and
reduce risks to systems and personnel
Practical activities
The candidate will be able to:
1
apply workplace health and safety procedures
2
perform a health and safety risk assessment to evaluate common hazards that exist in the
workplace
3
use workplace procedures to minimise common workplace hazards and risks eg
4
5
6
a
trailing cables
b
noise levels
c
electric shock hazards
d
tools used in computer maintenance eg PC repair toolkit
comply with safe working practices when in a computer work environment considering eg
a
electrical safety
b
electrostatic discharge (ESD)
c
behaviour of self and others
d
other safety connected with dismantling and assembling a Personal Computer
demonstrate safe use of and manual handling techniques for ICT equipment eg
a
various tools eg ESD protection equipment, PC repair toolkit, multimeter
b
lifting/moving base units, monitors, printers etc
c
ICT workstation furniture
check fuse ratings and correct wiring of plugs for a range of items to comply with current
regulations eg
a
monitor
b
base unit
c
printer
d
scanner
7
test common antistatic devices to ensure that they are functioning correctly
8
use antistatic precautions when working with static sensitive ICT equipment
9
set up an ICT system whilst complying with current regulations eg
a
health and safety
b
environmental
c
organisational requirements
Systems and Principles Unit Syllabus | Level 2 Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2 | 7540-228
3
Practical activities continued
10
11
demonstrate safe use of a PC with regard to
a
workstation ergonomics
b
preventing injuries caused by repeated use of a PC eg
i
Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI)
ii
Upper Limb Disorder (ULD)
c
minimising screen glare
d
adjustment of monitor contrast, colour and refresh rate
pack/unpack and fit static sensitive devices eg
a
printed circuit boards (system board, expansion cards)
b
disk drive (CD/DVD drive, hard disk)
c
RAM
d
CPU.
Underpinning knowledge
The candidate will be able to:
1
identify the people likely to be responsible for managing health and safety, and typical
location/content of health and safety procedures
2
describe factors that affect health and safety at work
3
environmental (heating, dust, noise, etc)
b
occupational (risk of electric shock, ESD, etc)
c
human (training, change of behaviour, carelessness, etc)
define the main duties of employers and employees according to current health and safety
at work legislation eg
a
safe working practices
b
co-operation with employer
c
not to endanger self or others
4
identify the main legal requirement for the use and disposal of hazardous substances
5
identify types of substances that are classified ‘hazardous to health’
6
state typical health and safety responsibilities of employees (including the care of visitors to
an organisation) in relation to
7
4
a
a
fire procedures and evacuation
b
accident reporting procedures
c
special safety features of the site
d
actions to be taken in an emergency
explain the difference between a hazard and a risk
Systems and Principles Unit Syllabus | Level 2 Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2 | 7540-228
Underpinning knowledge continued
8
9
10
11
state the steps needed to carry out a risk assessment by identifying eg
a
hazards and risks
b
who might be harmed and how
c
likelihood of harm occurring
d
what control methods need to be taken
e
who would be responsible for putting the controls into practice and when
identify common hazards and risks associated with
a
use and maintenance of equipment
b
clothing and jewellery during maintenance activities
c
use of materials or substances
d
working practices that do not conform to health and safety procedures
e
unsafe behaviour
f
accidental breakage and spillage
g
environmental factors
h
hazardous voltages
j
workshop tools
state the principles of safe use and manual handling for
a
various tools
b
lifting/moving base units, monitors, printers etc
c
ICT workstation furniture
explain safety factors to be considered while using a PC eg
a
workstation ergonomics
b
injuries caused by the repeated use of a PC
c
eye strain due to incorrect monitor settings
12
state the importance of using a correctly rated fuse and identify how to select the correct
fuse for various items of ICT equipment
13
state the reasons for and the importance of portable appliance testing (PAT)
14
identify correct fire extinguishers for use on different types of fire
a
powder for fires involving freely burning materials, petrol, oils, gas and electrical
equipment
b
water for tackling freely burning materials such as paper, cloth, wood and furniture
c
Foam for fires involving volatile liquids and freely burning materials such as paper,
cloth, wood and furniture
d
CO2 for fires involving an electrical risk like computers, office equipment and
generators
Systems and Principles Unit Syllabus | Level 2 Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2 | 7540-228
5
Underpinning knowledge continued
15
16
17
6
describe ESD
a
what static electricity and electrostatic discharge (ESD) is
b
how static charge is generated
c
materials that can generate a static charge
d
typical voltages in ESD
e
effects of ESD on sensitive components
f
types of damage caused by ESD (intermittent or partial failures, delayed failures,
catastrophic failures)
g
implications of ESD damaged equipment to an organisation
h
static control devices (wrist strap, bench mat, coat, shoes, air ionisers)
j
methods of controlling electrostatic discharge in the working environment (charge
prevention, grounding, shielding, neutralisation, education)
k
importance of testing antistatic protection devices
state the importance of working with regard to
a
professional and ethical standards
b
integrity and confidentiality
state the importance of being accountable for the quality and effectiveness of your own
responses to events.
Systems and Principles Unit Syllabus | Level 2 Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2 | 7540-228
Unit 228
Outcome 2
Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2
Identify failures in ICT equipment and apply
appropriate fixes
Practical activities
The candidate will be able to:
1
2
3
gather accurate and relevant information on hardware failures eg
a
base unit and internal parts
b
keyboard
c
mouse
d
printer
e
monitor
f
scanner
diagnose causes of failures for the following ICT equipment
a
video/sound
b
monitor
c
disk drives (optical media, hard drive)
d
printer
e
Network Interface Card (NIC)
f
cables
g
system board/RAM/CPU
h
power supply unit
j
operating system and software applications
use diagnostic tools to identify faults eg
a
operating system tools
b
third party hardware and software diagnostics
c
equipment self test facilities
4
apply corrective hardware maintenance (fixes) to PCs following established procedures and
using recommended parts and materials
5
apply corrective software maintenance (fixes) to PCs following established procedures and
using recommended materials
6
check and confirm that fixes have been carried out successfully
7
produce a system fault report
8
maintain corrective maintenance records.
Systems and Principles Unit Syllabus | Level 2 Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2 | 7540-228
7
Underpinning knowledge
The candidate will be able to:
1
2
a
error messages
b
failure log
c
site documentation
d
installation log (software and hardware)
e
diagnostic utilities
f
escalation procedure
identify typical corrective actions necessary to fix hardware and software faults
a
repair
b
replace
c
upgrade
3
state the typical procedures for reporting corrective actions
4
identify typical sources of information on carrying out corrective maintenance eg
5
6
8
identify available sources of information that can assist with failure analysis eg
a
websites
b
manufacturers’ service manuals
c
locally produced service manuals
d
escalation procedures eg referral to immediate supervisors, experienced personnel
describe types of resource required for corrective maintenance
a
procedures
b
availability of parts
c
available time
d
materials
e
expertise
f
support
describe steps needed to be taken before applying corrective maintenance eg
a
confirmation with procedure and or parts lists in the manufacturer’s or supplier’s
manual
b
referral to locally produced service manual
c
own knowledge of this or similar problem
d
confirmation by supervisor or experienced colleague
e
referral to the user
7
describe tests that can be used to check that corrective maintenance has been carried out
successfully
8
state problems which may arise from
a
faulty replacement parts
b
unexpected unavailability of equipment from user
c
failure of tests
d
fault has changed
Systems and Principles Unit Syllabus | Level 2 Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2 | 7540-228
Underpinning knowledge continued
9
10
11
12
state who should typically be informed when problems arise during corrective maintenance
a
colleagues
b
supervisor/manager
c
manufacturer
d
customer
describe common systems for recording corrective maintenance
a
locally kept records
b
maintenance manual
c
logs in the equipment itself
d
remotely held records
describe why it is important to record corrective maintenance eg
a
records can be referred to during any other corrective maintenance
b
removes duplication of effort when fault-finding problems
c
records the parts used
d
can be accessed by the user to ascertain if contract/maintenance of equipment is
being carried out
e
to ensure service level commitments are being met
describe what is meant by
a
service operations
b
an event
c
a system administrator
d
operations schedules
e
event logs
f
processing
g
i
batch
ii
online
iii
real time
iv
transaction
software, hardware and network infrastructure
13
describe the importance of service operations and event management to an organisation
and identify their role in ensuring the provision of IT systems, services and assets within an
organisation
14
state the service operations that can be carried out remotely
15
identify who are the
16
a
customers
b
internal providers
c
external providers
identify who needs to authorise actions to be taken
Systems and Principles Unit Syllabus | Level 2 Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2 | 7540-228
9
Underpinning knowledge continued
10
17
describe the importance of conducting tasks effectively and efficiently and in line with
procedures and schedules
18
describe the potential implications to an organisation of work not being conducted in a
timely and efficient manner
19
source, gather and collate information relating to tasks and events to respond to queries
20
describe the importance of referencing the service level information during service
operations and recording all activities.
Systems and Principles Unit Syllabus | Level 2 Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2 | 7540-228
Unit 228
Outcome 3
Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2
Apply preventative maintenance to ICT systems
Practical activities
The candidate will be able to:
1
apply preventative maintenance using the recommended procedures, materials and parts
2
maintain different types of hardware eg
3
a
base unit
b
PSU/CPU fan
c
monitor
d
keyboard/mouse
e
printer/scanner
f
hard disk (defragmenter/scan disk/clear unwanted files)
maintain function of hardware by applying software fixes eg
a
anti-virus check/update
b
software patches/bug fixes/upgrades
c
driver updates
d
disk/data back-up
4
check the equipment to confirm that the preventative maintenance procedures have been
carried out successfully
5
produce a report of problems encountered while carrying out preventative maintenance
6
maintain preventative maintenance records.
Underpinning knowledge
The candidate will be able to:
1
state the need for preventative maintenance
2
describe the importance of preventative maintenance for PCs and peripherals
3
identify where preventative maintenance procedures might be kept eg
a
with customer
b
with equipment
c
customer response centre
4
state why preventative maintenance procedures have to be co-ordinated with the user
5
identify indicators that would show a need for preventative maintenance
a
system initiated call
b
following replacement of a component part
c
locally kept records
d
periodic records
Systems and Principles Unit Syllabus | Level 2 Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2 | 7540-228
11
Underpinning knowledge continued
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
12
state typical resources needed to carry out preventative maintenance eg
a
availability of materials (for cleaning, routine replacement etc)
b
tools and equipment
c
manufacturers' service manuals
d
locally produced service manuals
e
escalation procedures
f
guidance from supervisors or other experienced colleagues
g
access to system
h
time allocation
identify specific material resources required to carry out computer maintenance eg
a
cleaning foam, cotton buds, compressed air
b
anti-virus software, drivers updates
c
software updates and bug fixes
d
third party utility programs
e
different tools eg PC repair toolkit
state problems which may arise from the following
a
faulty parts
b
unavailability of customer’s system
state who should typically be informed of problems when applying preventative
maintenance
a
colleagues
b
supervisor/manager
c
manufacturer
d
customer
explain post maintenance procedures
a
power on self test and other diagnostic routines
b
system test
c
failure reporting
d
materials return – used/unused
compare common methods of recording the implementation of preventative maintenance
procedures eg
a
locally kept records
b
maintenance manual
c
logs in the equipment itself
d
site log
explain a range of preventative maintenance procedures for different types of hardware and
software.
Systems and Principles Unit Syllabus | Level 2 Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2 | 7540-228
Unit record sheet
Use this form to track your progress through this unit.
Tick the boxes when you have covered each outcome. When they are all ticked, you are
ready to be assessed.
9
Outcome
1
Identify hazards associated with ICT equipment and reduce
risks to systems and personnel
2
Identify failures in ICT equipment and apply appropriate fixes
3
Apply preventative maintenance to ICT systems
Candidate Signature
Date
†
†
†
Date
City & Guilds
Registration Number
Quality nominee
(if sampled)
Date
Assessor Signature
Date
External Verifier
Signature (if sampled)
Date
Centre Name
Centre Number
Systems and Principles Unit Syllabus | Level 2 Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2 | 7540-228
13
Published by City & Guilds
1 Giltspur Street
London
EC1A 9DD
T +44 (0)844 543 0000 (Centres)
+44 (0)844 543 0033 (Learners)
F +44 (0)20 7294 2413
www.cityandguilds.com
City & Guilds is a registered charity
established to promote education
and training
14
Systems and Principles Unit Syllabus | Level 2 Maintain ICT equipment and systems 2 | 7540-228
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