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USOO5613208A
United States Patent {191
[11]
Patent Number:
Blackman et al.
[45]
Date of Patent:
[54]
CHANNEL SCAN IN CELLULAR
TELEPHONE SYSTEM
5,613,208
Mar. 18, 1997
FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
[75] Inventors: Hans Blackman, Malmoe; Sven
Tryding, Lund, both of Sweden
2085686
5/1994
Canada .
0234201
9/1987
European Pat. Off. .
OTHER PUBLICATIONS
[73] Assignee: Ericsson Inc., Research Triangle Park,
Service Manual for Ericsson Mobile Phone 1941, EN/LZB
126 1219 RIA, available from Ericsson Mobile Communi
N.C.
cations AB, CM/S, S—223 70 Lund, Sweden.
[21] Appl. No.: 254,915
[22] Filed:
Primary Examiner—Reinhard J. Eisenzopf
Jun. 6, 1994
[51]
[52]
Int. C1.6 ..................................................... .. H04Q 9/00
U.S. Cl. ..................... .. 455/341; 455/342; 455/383;
[58]
Field of Search ................................ .. 455/321, 33.1,
455/343
455/341, 34.2, 38.3, 54.1, 54.2, 56.1, 58.2,
68,70, 161.1, 343; 379/61, 63
[56]
References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
4,479,261
4,618,998
.... .. 455/343
Kasai et a1.
. . . ..
5,119,502
6/1992 Kallin et a1v ..
5,197,093
3/1993
5,212,803
5/1993 Uddenfeldt et a1.
8/1993
5,375,254
12/1994
Natarajan etal.
system, including transmitting from a base station a control
signal, e.g., a battery savings order, to a group of mobile
stations for informing the group of mobile stations that no
pages will be issued directed to them for a predetermined
teristics for later use as respective access and control chan
Kawasaki et a1.
2/1990
5,241,542
A method and apparatus for controlling scanning of radio
channels by mobile stations in a cellular radiotelephone
455/342
4/1988
4,903,319
. .... .
ABSTRACT
455/331
4,736,461
Knuth et al.
[5'7]
period, upon receipt of which the mobile stations begin
scanning during the predetermined period radio channels to
identify which radio channels have superior characteristics,
and storing the channels identi?ed to have superior charac
10/1984 Oda et a1. ............................ .. 455/333
10/1986 Kawamura ...... ..
455/77
... .. ..
Assistant Examiner—Lee Nguyen
Attorney, Agent, or Firm——Burns, Doane, Swecker &
Mathis, L.L.P.
. . . . . . ..
379/61
nels.
455/331
.. . .
. . . .. 370/953
17 Claims, 3 Drawing Sheets
Owen ................................... .. 455/541
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5,613,208
1
2
CHANNEL SCAN IN CELLULAR
TELEPHONE SYSTEM
the period designated by the BSD, the call will be put on
hold in the mobile switching center (which controls several
base stations) until the BSD period has terminated.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a channel scanning
method and apparatus for use in a cellular telephone system,
and more particular, to a method and apparatus for scanning
control and access channels during a period of reduced
During the battery saving period designated by a battery
saving order, a mobile station in accordance with the present
invention scans for a new, better control channel and/or
access channel, and stores the identi?ed, better channel for
future use. The mobile station switches to listening to the
best control channel at the end of the BSO period and stores
battery consumption.
2. Discussion of Related Art
the best access channel for faster call initiation or set-up. >
Cellular telephone systems are designed to permit radio
communications with mobile stations which, by their mobil
Other factors involved in initiating the channel scan include
a determination of whether the mobile station is vehicle
ity, can cross boundaries between radio zones, or cells, the
mounted and a determination as to the last time a channel
cells being de?ned as areas serviced by relatively immobile
base stations within the cells. Because of their need for
scan has taken place.
mobility, the mobile stations typically are battery operated,
whether vehicle mounted, portable, or pocket telephones.
The battery life becomes an important factor in cellular
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
20
systems and, consequently, power consumption is an impor
tant issue for mobile stations.
In order to increase battery life, various mechanisms for
decreasing power consumption have evolved. One such
mechanism is to impose one or more of an idle mode, a 25
standby mode, and a sleep mode on mobile telephones
wherein in these modes various functions and/or portions of
the mobile telephone circuitry are turned off to decrease
The present invention will now be described with refer
ence to the accompanying drawing in which:
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating an example of
a cellular mobile radio system, illustrating the relationship
of the systems cells, a mobile switching center and mobile
stations;
FIG. 2 is a block diagram illustrating a mobile station in
a cellular mobile radio system according to FIG. 1; and
FIG. 3 is a ?owchart of a channel scanning method in
accordance with the present invention.
overall power consumption.
In the idle mode, a mobile telephone operating within,
e.g., the Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT) system is locked
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED
on a control channel (CC), sometimes referred to as a calling
EMBODIMENTS
channel, to be ready to receive a page, which is the ?rst step
in initiating a telephone link with a base station. The mobile 35
To facilitate consideration of the present invention, a brief
station is not actively engaged in a voice communications
description of a typical cellular mobile radio telephone
link, i.e., a conversation. Under the NMT standard, in the
system is provided. Further details as to the hardware and
standby mode the mobile station rests on a calling channel
operation of an exemplary mobile cellular system can be
with valid tra?ic area number and calling channel pre?x. In
found in US. Pat. No. 5,119,502 issued to Kallin et al. on
the standby mode, the mobile station is ready for reception
Jun 2, 1992, and in the Service Manual for Ericsson Mobile
Phone 1941, EN/LZB 126 I219 RlA available from Erics
son Mobile Communications AB, CM/S, 8-223 70 Lund,
or initiation of a call. If the mobile station loses a lock on the
calling channel (the signal strength falls below a given
limit), it starts a scanning procedure for searching for a new,
stronger calling channel. If the user initiates a call, the
mobile station leaves the standby mode and enters the
procedure for initiating a call according to NMT standards.
In a sleep mode, the mobile station is responsive to the
fewest functions, limited to only user initiated functions.
Conventionally, a mobile telephone does not continuously
scan for the strongest control channel. When a call is placed,
an NMT telephone randomly selects a starting channel
among a group of prestored access channels (AC’s), to begin
Sweden, herein incorporated by reference.
A typical cellular mobile radio telephone system is con
trolled by at least one mobile switching center (also known
as a mobile telephone switching office or exchange), at least
one base station, and at least one mobile station. The mobile
switching center constitutes an interface between the radio
system and the public switching telephone network. The
base station transmits information between the mobile sta
tions and the mobile switching centers. Calls to and from
mobile subscribers are switched by the mobile switching
center. The mobile switching center also provides all sig
nalling functions needed to establish the calls. In order to
an access channel scan. The mobile station will select and
use the ?rst access channel whose signal strength is suffi
ciently high. The selected access channel is then used to 55 obtain radio coverage of a geographical area sometimes
initiate a call link set-up procedure.
referred to as a mobile telephone exchange (MTX) area, a
To save battery life, in the NMT system for example, base
number of base stations are normally required. This number
stations send out battery saving orders (BSO’s) to groups of
may range from, in an exceptional case, one base station, up
mobile stations. The groupings are designated by the mobile
to one hundred or more base stations in normal systems. The
system. The system, by issuance of BSO’s, orders groups of 60 area is divided into cells, where each cell may either be
mobile stations to go into a sleep mode, wherein the greater
serviced by a base station or may share a base station with
part of the circuitry of the mobile station becomes inactive ' a number of other cells. Each cell has an associated control
to further reduce battery consumption. A typical BSO period
channel over which control (non-voice) information is com
is a few seconds, and the length of the BSD period is usually
municated between the mobile units in that cell and the base
determined by the call frequency in the system (e. g., the load
at the mobile switching center which services a group of
base stations). If a call is placed to a mobile station during
65
station. Generally speaking, the control channel includes a
dedicated channel at a known frequency over which certain
information is communicated from the base station to
5,613,208
3
4
mobile stations, an access channel for unidirectional trans
vicinity of the respective cell centers and having omni
missions of information from the base station to the mobile
directional antennas. The base stations of adjacent cells may,
stations, and one or more tra?ic channels for bidirectional
however, be collocated in the vicinity of cell borders and
communications between the mobile stations and the base
station. These various channels may share the same fre~
quency, or they may operate at di?erent respective frequen
have directional antennas.
FIG. 1 also illustrates ten mobile stations (e.g., vehicle
cies. In the NMT system duplex channels are used so that a
conversation can progress simultaneously in both directions.
Three types of transmissions normally take place on the
control channels between the mobile stations and the base 10
stations. First, when a mobile station is originating a call, it
sends an access request to the base station whose control
which are movable within a cell and from one cell to another
cell. The method according to the present invention may be
implemented in a cellular mobile radio system comprising
many more mobile stations than ten. In particular, them are
normally many more mobile stations than there are base
stations.
Also illustrated in FIG. 1 is a mobile switching center
(a.k.a., mobile switching o?ice or exchange). The mobile
switching center MSC illustrated in FIG. 1 is connected to
all ten illustrated base stations by cables. The mobile switch
ing center is connected by cables also to a ?xed public
switching telephone network or similar ?xed network with
ISDN facilities. All cables from the mobile switching center
channel has the strongest signal. This access request informs
the base station that the requesting mobile station needs to
be assigned a voice channel (i.e., traf?c channel) over which
the call can be connected. Second, when a mobile station is
paged by a base station over the control channel, indicating
that the base station has a call to be completed to the mobile
subscriber, the paged mobile station sends back a paging
response on the access channel. Finally, when a mobile
station travels from one cell to another, or from one tra?ic
area to another, or for other reasons, the mobile station may
send a registration access over the access channel to identify
itself and its presence to the telephone exchange associated
with the cell.
To facilitate paging, that is, searching for a mobile unit, a
mounted, portable and pocket telephones) M1 to M10,
to base stations and cables to the ?xed network are not
illustrated. Further, other media may be used instead of
cables for base to mobile switching center communications,
e.g., ?xed radio links.
25
service area may be divided into tra?ic areas, each consist~
ing of a number of cells. When a mobile station leaves one
traf?c area and enters another, it is requested by the mobile
switching center to repeat its new location. In this way, the
As illustrated in FIG. 2, a mobile station includes a
microphone 101, which in turn is connected to a controller
130. The controller 130 may be in the form of function
blocks, such as shown in FIG. 2 of U.S. Pat. No. 5 ,119,502,
or as shown in the Service Manual for the Ericsson Mobile
mobile station can be searched for over a limited number of 30 Phone 1941 cited above, or any suitable circuitry having
su?icient computing power to carry out the present inven
base stations.
tron.
A mobile station in an idle state, i.e., with no active call
A receiver carrier frequency signal is generated in accor
taking place, will listen for pages and other information on
the control channel having the strongest signal strength. The
dance with a selected receiving channel by a receiving
channel has a stronger signal strength than the current
control channel.
In cellular radio systems, since the mobile station may
move, the quality of the received signal may deteriorate if
the mobile station leaves the base station’s coverage area. As
the quality of the received signal is reduced, the ability to
correctly detect and interpret data messages is also reduced.
receiver carrier frequency signal from the receiving fre
quency synthesizer 125 and the radio frequency signal from
the receiver 126, demodulates the radio frequency carrier
signal, thus generating an intermediate frequency IF). The
intermediate frequency signal is then demodulated by an IF
demodulator 128, which stores the original information, for
mobile station will stay tuned to the access channel until it 35 frequency synthesizer 125. Incoming radio frequency sig
nals are received by a receiver 126, the strength of which are
either initiates an access, e.g., a registration, call access-or
measured by a signal level meter 129. The received signal
paging response, or performs a rescan of all the control
strength value is then sent to the microprocessor based
channels within its range to determine if a new control
controller 130. An RF demodulator 127, which receives the
45
example 1r/4-DQPSK modulated digital information or ana
log information. A controller 130 includes a control channel
This decreases the probability of, for example, receiving
incoming calls.
message detector 133 which is sent control channel mes
sages and supplies detected control information to a micro
By performing a rescan of all control channels (which
might be 21 charmels, for example) and selecting the control
processor in the controller 130.
The microprocessor based controller 130 controls the
mobile station activity and the base station communication,
channel with the strongest signal strength, the word error
rate of signals received at the mobile station may decrease,
thereby increasing the probability of correctly receiving
and also handles the terminal keyboard input and display
messages on the control channel.
Before describing further details of the present invention,
an example of the construction of a cellular mobile radio
system in which the present invention can be used will be
discussed with reference to FIG. 1.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating ten cells, C1 to
C10, in a cellular mobile radio telephone system. Normally
the method according to the present invention would be
implemented in a cellular mobile radio system comprising
55
60
output 131. Decisions by the controller 130 are made in
accordance with received messages and measurements that
are made. The keyboard and display unit 131 enable infor
mation to be exchanged between the user and the base
station. Also included in the mobile station is a speaker 119
for generating sound corresponding to a received voice
signal.
If the present invention is implemented in a digital
system, then a speech coder may be placed between the
many more cells than ten. For purposes of this discussion,
microphone 101 and the controller 130 and a decoder may
the system depicted herein is considered to be an isolated
be connected between the speaker 119 and the controller
portion of a larger system.
6.5 130, along with other system components as disclosed in
For each cell C1 to C10, there is a respective base station
U.S. Pat. No. 5,119,502, for example. If the present inven
B1 to B10. FIG. 1 illustrates base stations situated in the
tion is implemented in a system such as the analog NMT
5,613,208
5
6
system, a duplex ?lter and a single antenna (or plural
the present invention. After the battery saving period has
antennas with an antenna switch) may be incorporated such
as shown in the Service Manual for the Ericsson Mobile
Phone 1941 cited above.
expired, the mobile station is immediately able to receive
any information on the memorized control channel. If the
memorized control channel is inadequate the mobile station
begins searching for a new control channel, according to
conventional NMT standards. The present invention reduces
or eliminates the need for this procedure.
One of the primary tasks performed in the system access
mode of the mobile station is the generation of an access
message in the mobile station and preparation of a suitable
traffic channel for information exchange. The access chan
nels available to the mobile, which were updated during the
idle mode and during the B50 period, are examined in a
manner similar to the measuring of the dedicated control
The battery savings mode should be distinguished from
the standby state, in which the mobile station remains ready
for reception or initiation of a call. In the battery savings
mode, the mobile station is not ready for reception of a call,
channels as previously described. A ranking of the signal
strength of each is made, and the channel associated with the
strongest signal is chosen. The transmitting frequency syn
and the cellular system will not attempt to initiate calls with
the group of mobile stations it has ordered to be in the
battery savings mode. Calls are put on hold in the mobile
thesizer 124 and the receiving frequency synthesizer 125 are
switching center until the end of the battery savings period
tuned accordingly, and a service request message is sent over
for the group into which the called mobile station belongs.
the selected channel via a RF modulator 122, a power
Speci?cally, the mobile station may close the receiver for the
ampli?er 123 and an antenna in order to inform the base
period indicated in the information ?eld of a BSO.
station about the type of access wanted, e. g., call origination,
With reference to the accompanying ?owchart of FIG. 3,
page response, registration request or order con?rmation. 20 the present invention will now be described. This flow chart
After completion of this message, the ampli?er 123 of the
is followed every time a B80 is received.
mobile station is turned off and the mobile station may wait
Upon receipt of a E80 by a mobile station (step S10), it
for further control messages. Depending on the access type,
is determined whether the mobile station is car mounted and
the mobile station will then receive an adequate message
therefore has a greater likelihood of being relatively fast
from the base station.
25 moving between cells (step S11). If the mobile station is not
If the access type is origination or paging, the mobile
car mounted, the time since the last channel scan is deter
station is assigned a free tra?ic channel by the base station,
mined to be either greater or less than a predetermined time
and the mobile station takes over the control of the tra?ic
T, typically 1 minute (step S12).
channel and leaves the system access mode. The mobile
If time since the last scan is less than the predetermined
station then tunes the transmitting frequency synthesizer 124
time T, then the mobile station enters the battery savings
mode (step S13) based on the assumption that the recent
and the receiving frequency synthesizer 125 to the frequen
cies associated with the chosen traflic channel. A time
channel scan results are still accurate. However, if the time
since the last channel scan is greater than the predetermined
time T, or if the mobile station is car mounted, the method
alignment procedure is controlled by the base station and is
based on time delay measurements which are performed at
the base station on the received signal. From this moment 35 then retunes to the next scan channel among a group of scan
on, the exchange of messages between the base station and
channels stored in the mobile station (step S15).
the mobile station are transferred over, e. g., a fast associated
Once the mobile station is ?xed to the next channel to be
control channel (FACCH) and a slow associated control
(SACCH).
A brief description of the NMT speci?cation for a hand
held mobile station with a battery saving function follows.
For more details, reference is made to NMT Doc. 900-3,
40
measured, a received signal strength indicator (RSSI) is
determined in accordance with known techniques (step
S16). If the mean value of the RSSI is not greater than, e.g.,
—-93 dBm (1 uV) (step S17), then the mobile station returns
to step S15 and retunes to the next scan channel. However,
if the mean value of the RSSI is greater than 93 dBm then
herein incorporated by reference.
A battery saving mobile station is de?ned as the hand-held 45 the mobile station proceeds to read and identify Fast Fre
quency Shift Keying (FFSK) data on the channel being
saving orders (BSO’s). The BSO’s typically address a group
scanned (step S18).
of mobile stations wherein all mobile stations within the
Once this data is acquired, the mobile station proceeds to
system are assigned to one of a plurality of groups according
identify whether the channel being scanned is an access
to the last digit in the mobile station subscriber number, for 50 channel or a control channel (step S19). If it is neither an
instance. Upon receipt of a BSO, the mobile stations within
access channel nor a control channel, the mobile station
mobile station or the like which can process received battery
a group may close down or turn off certain preselected
returns to step S15 to be retuned to the next scan channel.
functions other than the display in visual indicators and user
initiated operations. An extra display may be incorporated to
signify the occasion of a battery saving period.
55
The preselected functions are closed down for a time
period set by the BSO, such periods being 0, 5, 10, 15, 20,
However, if the scan channel is an access channel (step
520) then it is determined whether the access channel RSSI
is better than the old access channel RSSI (step S21). If it is
not, the mobile station returns to step S15. However, if the
new access channel RSSI is better than the old access
25, 30 or 35 seconds, for example. This time period is longer
channel RSSI, then it is determined whether the new access
than a frame length as evident from the Service Manual for
the Ericsson Mobile Phone 1941, cited above, at page 12,
wherein a frame of 64 bits is transmitted at a speed of 1200
channel is part of the current tra?ic area (step S22), rather
60
hits per second, indicating a frame length of less than
54,000ths of a second.
Immediately after the battery saving period has expired,
the mobile station is locked to the same channel it was 65
locked before receiving the BSD. This aspect of the con—
ventional NMT speci?cation is modi?ed in accordance with
than a neighboring traf?c area by the tra?ic area code sent
on the calling channel. If the access channel is not part of the
current traffic area, then it does not store the new access
channel and the procedure returns to step S15. This is
because the mobile station is not registered in the neighbor
ing tra?‘ic area and to be registered which would require a
registration procedure (a.k.a., “roaming”) such as used in the
conventional NMT system. Otherwise the burden that would
5,613,208
7
8
be placed on the exchanges would be too great if the mobile
stations registered with a new tra?ic area every time they
detected a stronger channel from a neighboring tra?ic area,
stations to power down at least one preselected function, and
wherein at least one mobile station of said group of mobile
stations, upon receipt of said battery saving order, instead
performs said scanning step during said.
particularly travelling along the boarder between two service
areas.
area, then the access channel is saved for the start access
3. A method according to claim 1, wherein said predeter
mined period is longer than a frame length.
4. A method according to claim 3, wherein said radio
channel which may be used later for call set-up (step S23)
channels include access channels and control channels.
If, however, the access channel is part of the current tra?ic
and thereafter the system returns to step S15 to search for an
even better access channel.
5. A method according to claim 3, wherein said charac
10
If it is determined that the channel being scanned is a
control channel (step S20), then it is determined whether the
6. A method according to claim 1, wherein said predeter
mined period is one of 5, l0, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 35 seconds.
7. A method according to claim 1, wherein during said
new control channel is better than the old control channel
(step S24). If it is not, then the mobile station returns to step
S15. If the new control channel is better than the old control
channel, then it is determined whether the control channel is
part of the current tra?ic area (step S25). If it is not, then
again the mobile station returns to step S15. If the new,
better control channel is part of the current tra?ic, area, then
the new control channel is stored as the current control
channel (step S26) and the system returns to step S15 to
15
8. A method for controlling scanning of radio channels by
20 one base station over a plurality of radio channels, the
method comprising the steps of:
It can be seen from the foregoing description that the B80
acts as or atom of a rescan order to cause the mobile station
to rescan preselected radio channels during a BSO period 25
wherein the system will not transmit pages directed to the
mobile stations to which the BSO was directed. Also, the
present invention takes into consideration the amount of
time since the last scanning operation and whether the
mobile station is likely to be relatively fast moving between
cells in determining whether to initiate a channel scanning
35
vehicle;
charmel scanning operation; and
From the foregoing description of the speci?c embodi
entering a sleep mode if said elapsed amount of time is
40
from the general nature of the invention, and, therefore, such
adaptations and modi?cations should and are intended to be
or said elapsed amount of time is greater than said
predetermined amount of time.
of the disclosed embodiments. It is to be understood that the
45
purpose of description and not of limitation.
What is claimed is:
9. A method for controlling scanning of radio channels by
mobile stations in a cellular radiotelephone system, wherein
said mobile stations are operationally connected to at least
one base station over a plurality of radio channels, the
1. A method for controlling scanning of radio channels by
mobile stations in a cellular radiotelephone system, wherein
said mobile stations are operationally connected to at least
method comprising the steps of:
one base station over a plurality of radio channels, the
method comprising the steps of:
transmitting from a base station a control signal to at least
one mobile station for informing said at least one
mobile station that no pages will be issued directed to 55
said at least one mobile station for a predetermined
period;
transmitting from a base station a control signal to at least
one mobile station for informing said at least one
mobile station that no pages will be issued directed to
said at least one mobile station for a predetermined
period;
receiving, in said at least one mobile station, said control
signal;
scanning during said predetermined period, in said at least
receiving, in said at least one mobile station, said control
one mobile station, said radio channels to identify
60
one mobile station, said radio channels to identify
2. A method according to claim 1, wherein said control
signal is a battery saving order directing a group of mobile
less than a predetermined amount of time and said
mobile station is not vehicle mounted or initiating said
scanning step if said mobile station is vehicle mounted
comprehended within the meaning and range of equivalence
which radio channels have superior characteristics; and
storing, in said mobile station radio, channels determined
to have superior characteristics.
determining whether a mobile station is mounted to a
determining an amount of time elapsed since a previous
ments others can readily modify and/or adapt for various
scanning during said predetermined period, in said at least
signal;
which radio channels have superior characteristics;
storing in said mobile station radio, charmels determined
to have superior characteristics;
power reduction orders to battery operated stations.
signal;
period;
receiving, in said at least one mobile station, said control
one mobile station, said radio channels to identify
The present invention is usable in any suitable radio
communications system transmitting over a plurality of
phraseology and terminology employed herein is for the
transmitting from a base station a control signal to at least
one mobile station for informing said at least one
mobile station that no pages will be issued directed to
said at least one mobile station for a predetermined
scanning during said predetermined period, in said at least
operation.
applications such speci?c embodiments without departing
predetermined period, a call is placed to a mobile station will
be put on hold until the predetermined period has termi
nated.
mobile stations in a cellular radiotelephone system, wherein
said mobile stations are operationally connected to at least
search for an even better control channel.
control channels, including analog or digital systems
(TDMA, CDMA), which involve ?xed stations broadcasting
teristics include signal strength.
which radio channels have superior characteristics
wherein said scanning step further comprises the step
of identifying whether a radio channel being scanned is
one of a control channel and an access channel having
superior characteristics; and
65
storing, in said mobile station radio, channels determined
to have superior characteristics wherein said storing
step includes the step of storing a radio channel.
5,613,208
9
10
10. A mobile station capable of communicating with at
15. A mobile station according to claim 10, wherein said
predetermined time is one of 5, l0, 15, 2O, 25, 30 and 35
seconds.
16. A mobile station according to claim 10, wherein
during said predetermined period, a call is placed to a mobile
station will be put on hold until the predetermined time has
least one base station over a plurality of radio channels, said
mobile station comprising:
receiving means for receiving radio transmissions from at
least one base station;
demodulating means for demodulating radio transmis
sions from at least one base station received by said
lapsed.
17. A mobile station capable of communicating with at
receiving means;
a control charmel message detector for extracting control
information from at least a speci?c control message
least one base station over a plurality of radio channels, said
10
least one base station;
demodulating means for demodulating radio transmis
sions from at least one base station received by said
receiving means;
a control channel message detector for extracting control
information from at least a speci?c control message
mined time, to determine which of said channels has
25
a group of mobile stations to power down at least one
preselected function, and wherein at least one mobile station
of said group of mobile stations, upon receipt of said battery
saving order, instead performs said scanning step during said
predetermined time.
,
receiving means for receiving radio transmissions from at
received by said receiving means and demodulated by
said demodulating means, said speci?c control message
informing said mobile station that no paging signals are
to be expected during a predetermined time;
a signal level meter for determining the signal strength of
a signal received by said receiving means;
a controller for controlling scanning of said radio chan—
nels when said speci?c control message is received,
demodulated and detected and during said predeter
the best characteristics and for storing said radio chan
nels having the best characteristics.
11. A mobile station according to claim 10, wherein said
speci?c control message is a battery saving order directing
mobile station comprising:
30
12. A mobile station according to claim 10, wherein said
received by said receiving means and demodulated by
said demodulating means, said speci?c control message
informing said mobile station that no paging signals are
to be expected during a predetermined time;
a signal level meter for determining the signal strength of
a signal received by said receiving means;
a controller for controlling scanning of said radio chan
nels when said speci?c control message is received,
demodulated and detected and during said predeter
mined time, to determine which of said channels has
the best characteristics and for storing said radio chan'
nels having the best characteristics,
wherein said controller determines whether a mobile
station is mounted to a vehicle; determines an amount
predetermined time is longer than a frame length.
of time elapsed since a previous channel scanning
13. A mobile station according to claim 12, wherein said
controller identi?es whether a radio channel being scanned
operation; and enters a sleep mode if said elapsed
amount of time is less than a predetermined amount of
time and said mobile station is not vehicle mounted and
initiates said channel scanning if said mobile station is
is one of a control channel and an access channel and stores 35
a radio channel determined to have superior characteristics
according to whether said radio channel is a control channel
or an access channel.
14. A mobile station according to claim 12, wherein said
characteristics include signal strength.
vehicle mounted or said elapsed amount of time is
greater than said predetermined amount of time.
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