caution

caution
Part No. 03113SL (Rev C)
Service Manual
Greensmaster 3150
Preface
The purpose of this publication is to provide the service
technician with information for troubleshooting, testing,
and repair of major systems and components on the
Greensmaster 3150.
REFER TO THE TRACTION UNIT AND CUTTING
UNIT OPERATOR’S MANUALS FOR OPERATING,
MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT INSTRUCTIONS. Space is provided in Chapter 2 of this book to
insert the Operator’s Manuals and Parts Catalogs for
your machine. Replacement Operator’s Manuals and
Parts Catalogs are available by sending complete Model and Serial Number to:
The Toro Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420–1196
The Toro Company reserves the right to change product
specifications or this publication without notice.
This safety symbol means DANGER, WARNING,
or CAUTION, PERSONAL SAFETY INSTRUCTION. When you see this symbol, carefully read
the instructions that follow. Failure to obey the
instructions may result in personal injury.
Note: A Note will give general information about the
correct operation, maintenance, service, testing, or repair of the machine.
IMPORTANT: The IMPORTANT notice will give important instructions which must be followed to prevent damage to systems or components on the
machine.
The Toro Company – 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006
This page is intentionally blank.
Greensmaster 3150
Chapter 1 – Safety
Chapter 6 – Wheels and Brakes
Safety Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 – 2
Safety and Instruction Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 – 4
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 – 2
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 – 2
Service and Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 – 3
Safety
Table Of Contents
Chapter 7 – 4 Bolt Adjust Cutting Units
Product Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Equivalents and Conversions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance Supervisor’s Worksheet . . . . . . . . .
2–1
2–2
2–3
2–7
2–8
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 – 2
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 – 3
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 – 5
Set Up and Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 – 7
Service and Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 – 15
Product Records
and Maintenance
Chapter 2 – Product Records and Maintenance
Chapter 3 – Engine
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 – 3
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 – 4
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 – 6
Set Up and Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 – 8
Service and Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 – 19
Engine
Chapter 8 – Single Point Adjust Cutting Units
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 2
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 3
Service and Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 4
Briggs and Stratton Repair Manual for 4-Cycle
V-Twin OHV Head Engines
Electrical Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 – 2
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 – 3
Turf Guardian Leak Detector
System Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 – 4
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 – 5
Electrical System Quick Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 – 8
Component Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 – 9
Service and Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 – 18
Greensmaster 3150
Rev. A
Chapter 10.1 – Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit)
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service and Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.1 – 2
10.1 – 3
10.1 – 4
10.1 – 6
10.1 – 7
Chapter 11 – Electrical Diagrams
Electrical
System
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 – 2
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 – 3
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 – 5
Set Up and Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 – 7
Service and Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 – 8
Wheels and
Brakes
Chapter 10 – Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Electrical Schematics, Wiring Diagrams, and
Harness Drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 – 3
Electrical
Diagrams
Chapter 5 – Electrical System
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 – 3
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 – 4
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 – 6
Set Up and Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 – 10
Service and Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 – 21
Cutting
Units
Chapter 9 – Grooming Reel Cutting Units
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 3
General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 4
Hydraulic Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 6
Hydraulic Flow Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 8
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 16
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 18
Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 21
Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 40
Service and Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 41
Eaton Gear Pumps, Repair Information, Series 26,
Model 26000, Multiple Gear Pumps
Eaton, Medium Duty Piston Pump,
Repair Information, Model 70160
Variable Displacement Piston Pump
Ross Torqmotor TM MG, MF, MP, MB, ME, and MJ
Series Service Procedure
(Service Manual 2704–003)
Hydraulic
System
Chapter 4 – Hydraulic System
This page is intentionally blank.
Greensmaster 3150
Chapter 1
Safety
Safety
Table of Contents
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Before Operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
While Operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Greensmaster 3150
Maintenance and Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
SAFETY AND INSTRUCTION DECALS . . . . . . . . . . 4
Page 1 – 1
Safety
Safety Instructions
The GREENSMASTER 3150 was tested and certified
by TORO for compliance with the B71.4–1990 specifications of the American National Standards Institute. Although hazard control and accident prevention partially
are dependent upon the design and configuration of the
machine, these factors are also dependent upon the
awareness, concern, and proper training of the personnel involved in the operation, transport, maintenance,
and storage of the machine. Improper use or maintenance of the machine can result in injury or death.
The safety alert symbol means
CAUTION, WARNING or DANGER —
“personal safety instruction”. Read
and under stand the instruction because it has to
do with safety. Failure to comply with the instruction may result in personal injury.
WARNING
To reduce the potential for injury or death, comply
with the following safety instructions.
Before Operating
1. Read and understand the contents of the Operator’s Manual before starting and operating the machine.
Become familiar with all controls and know how to stop
quickly. A replacement manual is available by sending
complete Model and Serial Number to:
The Toro Company
Attn. Technical Publications
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Minneapolis, Minnesota 55420–1196
6. Wearing safety glasses, safety shoes, long pants
and a helmet is advisable and required by some local
safety and insurance regulations.
7. Make sure work area is clear of objects which might
be picked up and thrown by the reels.
8. Do not carry passengers on the machine. Keep everyone, especially children and pets, away from the
areas of operation.
2. Never allow children to operate the machine. Never
allow adults to operate it without proper instructions.
9. Gasoline (fuel) is highly flammable; handle it carefully.
3. Become familiar with the controls, and know how to
stop the engine quickly.
A. Store fuel in containers specifically designed for
this purpose.
4. Keep all shields, safety devices, and decals in
place. If a shield, safety device, or decal is defective, illegible, or damaged: repair or replace it before operating
the machine.
B. Add fuel before starting the engine. Never remove the cap of the fuel tank or add fuel while the
engine is running or when the engine is hot.
5. Always wear substantial shoes. Do not operate machine while wearing sandals, tennis shoes or sneakers.
Do not wear loose fitting clothing which could get caught
in moving parts and cause personal injury.
C. Refuel outdoors only and do not smoke while
refuelling.
D. Fill fuel tank to a level no higher than to the bottom of fuel tank filler neck. Do not overfill.
E. Replace all fuel tanks and container caps securely.
F. If fuel is spilled, do not attempt to start the engine
but move the machine away from the area of spillage and avoid creating any source of ignition until
fuel vapors have dissipated.
G. Wipe up any spilled fuel.
Safety
Page 1 – 2
Greensmaster 3150
While Operating
11. Sit on the seat when starting and operating the machine.
12. Check the safety interlock switch daily for proper operation; see Verify Interlock System Operation in Chapter 5 – Electrical System. If a switch should fail, replace
the switch before operating the machine. (After every
two years, replace all interlock switches in the safety system, regardless if they are working properly or
not.)
13. To start the engine:
A. Sit on the seat, make sure cutting units are disengaged.
16. The GREENSMASTER 3150 has a maximum
sound pressure level of 84 dB(A) at the operator’s ear.
Ear protectors are recommended, for prolonged exposure, to reduce the potential of permanent hearing damage.
17. Raise the cutting units when driving from one work
area to another.
18. Do not touch engine, muffler or exhaust pipe while
engine is running or soon after it is stopped because
these areas could be hot enough to cause burns.
19. If a cutting unit strikes a solid object or vibrates abnormally, stop immediately, turn engine off, wait for all
motion to stop and inspect for damage. A damaged reel
or bedknife must be repaired or replaced before operation is continued.
20. Before getting off the seat:
B. Verify that functional control lever is in neutral.
A. Make sure cutting units are disengaged.
C. Verify that parking brake is set.
B. Verify that functional control lever is in neutral.
D. Proceed to start engine.
C. Set the parking brake.
14. Using the machine demands attention, and to prevent loss of control:
A. Mow only in daylight or when there is good artificial light.
D. Stop the engine and remove key from ignition
switch.
21. Traverse slopes carefully. Do not start or stop suddenly when traveling uphill or downhill.
B. Watch for holes or other hidden hazards.
C. Do not drive close to sand traps, ditches, creeks
or other hazards.
D. Reduce speed when making sharp turns. Avoid
sudden stops and starts.
E. Before backing up, look to the rear to be sure no
one is behind the machine.
F. Watch out for traffic when near or crossing
roads. Always yield the right–of–way.
G. Apply the service brakes when going downhill to
keep forward speed slow and to maintain control of
the machine.
15. Keep hands, feet and clothing away from moving
parts and the reel discharge area. The grass baskets
must be in place during operation of the reels or thatchers for maximum safety. Shut the engine off before emptying the baskets.
Greensmaster 3150
22. Operator must be skilled and trained in how to drive
on hillsides. Avoid wet slopes. Failure to use caution on
slopes or hills may cause loss of control and vehicle to
tip or roll possibly resulting in personal injury or death.
23. If engine stalls or loses headway and cannot make
it to the top of a slope, do not turn machine around. Always back slowly straight down the slope.
24. DON’T TAKE AN INJURY RISK! When a person or
pet appears unexpectedly in or near the mowing area,
STOP MOWING. Careless operation, combined with
terrain angles, ricochets, or improperly positioned
guards can lead to thrown object injuries. Do not resume
mowing until area is cleared.
25. Whenever machine is left unattended, make sure
cutting units are fully raised and reels are not spinning,
key is removed from ignition switch and parking brake
is set.
Page 1 – 3
Safety
Safety
10. Do not run the engine in a confined area without adequate ventilation. Exhaust fumes are hazardous and
could be deadly.
Maintenance and Service
27. Be sure entire machine is in good operating condition. Keep all nuts, bolts, screws and hydraulic fittings
tight.
28. Make sure all hydraulic line connectors are tight,and
all hydraulic hoses and lines are in good condition before applying pressure to the system.
29. Keep body and hands away from pin hole leaks or
nozzles that eject hydraulic fluid under high pressure.
Use paper or cardboard, not hands, to search for leaks.
Hydraulic fluid escaping under pressure can have sufficient force to penetrate skin and do serious damage. If
fluid is ejected into the skin it must be surgically removed
within a few hours by a doctor familiar with this form of
injury or gangrene may result.
30. Before disconnecting or performing any work on the
hydraulic system, all pressure in system must be relieved by stopping engine and lowering cutting units and
attachments to the ground.
31. To reduce potential fire hazard, keep the engine
area free of excessive grease, grass, leaves and accumulation of dirt. Never wash a warm engine or electrical
connections with water.
32. Check all fuel lines for tightness and wear on a regular basis, and tighten or repair as needed.
33. If the engine must be running to perform a maintenance adjustment, keep hands, feet, clothing and any
other parts of the body away from the cutting units, attachments and any moving parts. Keep everyone away.
34. Do not overspeed the engine by changing governor
settings. To assure safety and accuracy, have an Authorized Toro Distributor check maximum engine speed
with a tachometer. Maximum governed engine speed
should be 2850 + 50 RPM.
35. Engine must be shut off before checking oil or adding oil to the crankcase.
36. If major repairs are ever needed or if assistance is
desired, contact an Authorized Toro Distributor.
37. At the time of manufacture, the GREENSMASTER
3150 conformed to safety standards in effect for riding
mowers. To make sure of optimum performance and
continued safety certification of the machine, use genuine TORO replacement parts and accessories. Replacement parts and accessories made by other
manufacturers could be dangerous, and such use could
void the product warranty of The Toro Company.
38. When changing attachments, tires, or performing
other service, use correct blocks, hoists, and jacks.
Make sure machine is parked on a solid level floor such
as a concrete floor. Prior to raising the machine, remove
any attachments that may interfere with the safe and
proper raising of the machine. Always chock or block
wheels. Used jack stands or solid wood blocks to support the raised machine. If the machine is not properly
supported by blocks or jack stands, the machine may
move or fall, which may result in personal injury.
Safety and Instruction Decals
Numerous safety and instruction decals are affixed to
the traction unit and the cutting units of the Greensmaster 3150. If any decal becomes illegible or damaged, in-
Safety
stall a new decal. Part numbers are listed in your Parts
Catalog and Operator’s Manual. Order replacement decals from your Authorized Toro Distributor.
Page 1 – 4
Greensmaster 3150
Safety
26. Before servicing or making adjustments to the machine, stop the engine, remove key from switch to prevent accidental starting of the engine.
Chapter 2
Product Records and Maintenance
Table of Contents
1
2
2
2
3
3
MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
MAINTENANCE SUPERVISOR’S WORKSHEET . . 8
Product Records
and Maintenance
PRODUCT RECORDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EQUIVALENTS AND CONVERSIONS . . . . . . . . . . .
Decimal and Millimeter Equivalents . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. to Metric Conversions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fastener Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard Torque for Dry, Zinc Plated, and
Steel Fasteners (Inch Series). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard Torque for Dry, Zinc Plated, and
Steel Fasteners (Metric Fasteners). . . . . . . . . . .
Other Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
5
6
Product Records
Record maintenance and repair information about your
Greensmaster 3150 on the MAINTENANCE SUPERVISOR’S WORKSHEET. Use this information when referring to your machine.
Greensmaster 3150
Insert Operator’s Manuals and Parts Catalogs for your
Greensmaster 3150 traction unit and cutting units at the
end of this chapter.
Page 2 – 1
Product Records and Maintenance
Equivalents and Conversions
Product Records and Maintenance
Page 2 – 2
Greensmaster 3150
Torque Specifications
These Torque Specifications for the installation and
tightening of fasteners shall apply to all fasteners which
do not have a specific requirement identified in this Service Manual. The following factors shall be considered
when applying torque: cleanliness of the fastener, use
of a thread sealant (Loctite), degree of lubrication on the
fastener, presence of a prevailing torque feature, hardness of the surface underneath the fastener’s head, or
similar condition which affects the installation.
As noted in the following tables, torque values should be
reduced by 25% for lubricated fasteners to achieve
the similar stress as a dry fastener. Torque values may
also have to be reduced when the fastener is threaded
into aluminum or brass. The specific torque value
should be determined based on the aluminum or brass
material strength, fastener size, length of thread engagement, etc.
The standard method of verifying torque shall be performed by marking a line on the fastener (head or nut)
and mating part, then back off fastener 1/4 of a turn.
Measure the torque required to tighten the fastener until
the lines match up.
Fastener Identification
Grade 1
Grade 5
Grade 8
Class 8.8
Class 10.9
Inch Series Bolts and Screws
Metric Bolts and Screws
Figure 1
Figure 2
Greensmaster 3150
Page 2 – 3
Product Records and Maintenance
Product Records
and Maintenance
Recommended fastener torque values are listed in the
following tables. For critical applications, as determined
by Toro, either the recommended torque or a torque that
is unique to the application is clearly identified and specified in this Service Manual.
Standard Torque for Dry, Zinc Plated, and Steel Fasteners (Inch Series)
Thread Size
Grade 1, 5, &
8 with Thin
Height Nuts
SAE Grade 1 Bolts, Screws, Studs, &
Sems with Regular Height Nuts
(SAE J995 Grade 2 or Stronger Nuts)
in–lb
in–lb
N–cm
10 + 2
13 + 2
147 + 23
# 6 – 32 UNC
# 6 – 40 UNF
# 8 – 32 UNC
13 + 2
25 + 5
# 10 – 24 UNC
30 + 5
SAE Grade 8 Bolts, Screws, Studs, &
Sems with Regular Height Nuts
(SAE J995 Grade 5 or Stronger Nuts)
in–lb
N–cm
in–lb
N–cm
15 + 2
170 + 20
23 + 2
260 + 20
17 + 2
190 + 20
25 + 2
280 + 20
29 + 3
330 + 30
41 + 4
460 + 45
31 + 3
350 + 30
43 + 4
485 + 45
42 + 4
475 + 45
60 + 6
675 + 70
48 + 4
540 + 45
68 + 6
765 + 70
282 + 30
# 8 – 36 UNF
18 + 2
SAE Grade 5 Bolts, Screws, Studs, &
Sems with Regular Height Nuts
(SAE J995 Grade 2 or Stronger Nuts)
339 + 56
# 10 – 32 UNF
1/4 – 20 UNC
48 + 7
53 + 7
599 + 79
100 + 10
1125 + 100
140 + 15
1580 + 170
1/4 – 28 UNF
53 + 7
65 + 10
734 + 113
115 + 10
1300 + 100
160 + 15
1800 + 170
5/16 – 18 UNC
115 + 15
105 + 17
1186 + 169
200 + 25
2250 + 280
300 + 30
3390 + 340
5/16 – 24 UNF
138 + 17
128 + 17
1446 + 192
225 + 25
2540 + 280
325 + 30
3670 + 340
ft–lb
ft–lb
N–m
ft–lb
N–m
ft–lb
N–m
3/8 – 16 UNC
16 + 2
16 + 2
22 + 3
30 + 3
41 + 4
43 + 4
58 + 5
3/8 – 24 UNF
17 + 2
18 + 2
24 + 3
35 + 3
47 + 4
50 + 4
68 + 5
7/16 – 14 UNC
27 + 3
27 + 3
37 + 4
50 + 5
68 + 7
70 + 7
95 + 9
7/16 – 20 UNF
29 + 3
29 + 3
39 + 4
55 + 5
75 + 7
77 + 7
104 + 9
1/2 – 13 UNC
30 + 3
48 + 7
65 + 9
75 + 8
102 + 11
105 + 10
142 + 14
1/2 – 20 UNF
32 + 3
53 + 7
72 + 9
85 + 8
115 + 11
120 + 10
163 + 14
5/8 – 11 UNC
65 + 10
88 + 12
119 + 16
150 + 15
203 + 20
210 + 20
285 + 27
5/8 – 18 UNF
75 + 10
95 + 15
129 + 20
170 + 15
230 + 20
240 + 20
325 + 27
3/4 – 10 UNC
93 + 12
140 + 20
190 + 27
265 + 25
359 + 34
375 + 35
508 + 47
3/4 – 16 UNF
115 + 15
165 + 25
224 + 34
300 + 25
407 + 34
420 + 35
569 + 47
7/8 – 9 UNC
140 + 20
225 + 25
305 + 34
430 + 45
583 + 61
600 + 60
813 + 81
7/8 – 14 UNF
155 + 25
260 + 30
353 + 41
475 + 45
644 + 61
660 + 60
895 + 81
Note: Reduce torque values listed in the table above
by 25% for lubricated fasteners. Lubricated fasteners
are defined as threads coated with a lubricant such as
oil, graphite, or thread sealant such as Loctite.
Note: Torque values may have to be reduced when
installing fasteners into threaded aluminum or brass.
The specific torque value should be determined based
Product Records and Maintenance
on the fastener size, the aluminum or base material
strength, length of thread engagement, etc.
Note: The nominal torque values listed above for
Grade 5 and 8 fasteners are based on 75% of the minimum proof load specified in SAE J429. The tolerance is
approximately + 10% of the nominal torque value. Thin
height nuts include jam nuts.
Page 2 – 4
Greensmaster 3150
Standard Torque for Dry, Zinc Plated, and Steel Fasteners (Metric Fasteners)
Class 8.8 Bolts, Screws, and Studs with
Regular Height Nuts
(Class 8 or Stronger Nuts)
Class 10.9 Bolts, Screws, and Studs with
Regular Height Nuts
(Class 10 or Stronger Nuts)
M5 X 0.8
57 + 5 in–lb
640 + 60 N–cm
78 + 7 in–lb
885 + 80 N–cm
M6 X 1.0
96 + 9 in–lb
1018 + 100 N–cm
133 + 13 in–lb
1500 + 150 N–cm
M8 X 1.25
19 + 2 ft–lb
26 + 3 N–m
27 + 2 ft–lb
36 + 3 N–m
M10 X 1.5
38 + 4 ft–lb
52 + 5 N–m
53 + 5 ft–lb
72 + 7 N–m
M12 X 1.75
66 + 7 ft–lb
90 + 10 N–m
92 + 9 ft–lb
125 + 12 N–m
M16 X 2.0
166 + 15 ft–lb
225 + 20 N–m
229 + 22 ft–lb
310 + 30 N–m
M20 X 2.5
325 + 33 ft–lb
440 + 45 N–m
450 + 37 ft–lb
610 + 50 N–m
Note: Reduce torque values listed in the table above
by 25% for lubricated fasteners. Lubricated fasteners
are defined as threads coated with a lubricant such as
oil, graphite, or thread sealant such as Loctite.
Note: Torque values may have to be reduced when
installing fasteners into threaded aluminum or brass.
The specific torque value should be determined based
Greensmaster 3150
on the fastener size, the aluminum or base material
strength, length of thread engagement, etc.
Note: The nominal torque values listed above are
based on 75% of the minimum proof load specified in
SAE J1199. The tolerance is approximately + 10% of the
nominal torque value.
Page 2 – 5
Product Records and Maintenance
Product Records
and Maintenance
Thread Size
Other Torque Specifications
SAE Grade 8 Steel Set Screws
Wheel Bolts and Lug Nuts
Recommended Torque
Thread Size
Recommended Torque**
Thread Size
Square Head
Hex Socket
1/4 – 20 UNC
140 + 20 in–lb
73 + 12 in–lb
5/16 – 18 UNC
215 + 35 in–lb
145 + 20 in–lb
3/8 – 16 UNC
35 + 10 ft–lb
18 + 3 ft–lb
1/2 – 13 UNC
75 + 15 ft–lb
50 + 10 ft–lb
7/16 – 20 UNF
Grade 5
65 + 10 ft–lb
88 + 14 N–m
1/2 – 20 UNF
Grade 5
80 + 10 ft–lb
108 + 14 N–m
M12 X 1.25
Class 8.8
80 + 10 ft–lb
108 + 14 N–m
M12 X 1.5
Class 8.8
80 + 10 ft–lb
108 + 14 N–m
** For steel wheels and non–lubricated fasteners.
Thread Cutting Screws
(Zinc Plated Steel)
Thread Cutting Screws
(Zinc Plated Steel)
Type 1, Type 23, or Type F
Thread
Size
Threads per Inch
Baseline Torque*
Torque*
Type A
Type B
No. 6
18
20
20 + 5 in–lb
30 + 5 in–lb
No. 8
15
18
30 + 5 in–lb
No. 10 – 24 UNC
38 + 7 in–lb
No. 10
12
16
38 + 7 in–lb
1/4 – 20 UNC
85 + 15 in–lb
No. 12
11
14
85 + 15 in–lb
5/16 – 18 UNC
110 + 20 in–lb
3/8 – 16 UNC
200 + 100 in–lb
Thread Size
Baseline Torque*
No. 6 – 32 UNC
20 + 5 in–lb
No. 8 – 32 UNC
* Hole size, material strength, material thickness & finish
must be considered when determining specific torque
values. All torque values are based on non–lubricated
fasteners.
Conversion Factors
in–lb X 11.2985 = N–cm
ft–lb X 1.3558 = N–m
Product Records and Maintenance
N–cm X 0.08851 = in–lb
N–m X 0.7376 = ft–lb
Page 2 – 6
Greensmaster 3150
Maintenance
Unit Operator’s Manual. Refer to these publications
when performing regular equipment maintenance. Refer to the Engine Operator’s Manual for additional engine specific maintenance procedures.
Product Records
and Maintenance
Maintenance procedures and recommended service intervals for the Greensmaster 3150 are covered in the
Traction Unit Operator’s Manual. Maintenance procedures and recommended service intervals for the
Greensmaster Cutting Units are covered in the Cutting
Greensmaster 3150
Page 2 – 7
Product Records and Maintenance
Product Records and Maintenance
Page 2 – 8
Greensmaster 3150
R
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________
Hydraulic Tank – Drain/Flush (2 years)
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
Replace Fuel Filter
Replace Spark Plugs
Check Engine Valve Clearance
A, B, and C – Service required
________________________________
________________________________
(See Operator’s and Service Manual for specifications and procedures.)
Fuel Tank – Drain/Flush (2 years)
Replace Safety Switches (2 years)
Replace Hydraulic Oil Filter
Check Engine RPM (idle and full throttle)
Replace Moving Hoses (2 years)
Replace Hydraulic Oil
Other – Annual Service and Specials
_______________________________
Change Engine Oil
D – Service (every 800 hours)
_______________________________
A and B – Service required
A – Service required
Service Air Filter Pre-Cleaner
Lubricate All Grease Fittings
Check Reel Bearing Preload Adjustment
Replace Air Filter Element
Check Battery Cable Connections
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________
Torque Wheel Lug Nuts
Replace Engine Oil Filter
Check Battery Fluid Level
C – Service (every 200 hours)
B – Service (every 100 hours)
A B C D Other
Service to perform (circle):
______________–___________________
TORO I.D. #:
Date: ________________
A– Service (every 50 hours)
Technician:
Hours:
Unit Designation:
Remarks:
3150 Maintenance Supervisor Work Order
(Duplicate this page for routine use.)
GREENSMASTER
Chapter 3
Engine
Table of Contents
2
3
4
4
5
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Engine Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Engine Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
BRIGGS & STRATTON REPAIR MANUAL FOR
4-CYCLE V-TWIN CYLINDER OHV HEAD ENGINES
Engine
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SERVICE AND REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel Tank Removal and Installation . . . . . . . . . . . .
Greensmaster 3150
Page 3 – 1
Engine
Introduction
This Chapter gives information about specifications,
maintenance, troubleshooting, testing, and repair of the
engine used in the Greensmaster 3150.
plained. However, the cost of the test equipment and the
specialized nature of some repairs may dictate that the
work be done at an engine repair facility.
Most repairs and adjustments require tools which are
commonly available in many service shops. Special
tools are described in the Briggs & Stratton Repair
Manual for 4-Cycle V-Twin Cylinder OHV Head Engines. The use of some specialized test equipment is ex-
Service and repair parts for Briggs & Stratton Vanguard
V-Twin OHV engines are supplied through your local
Briggs and Stratton dealer or distributor. If no parts list
is available, be sure to provide your distributor with the
Toro model and serial number.
Engine
Page 3 – 2
Greensmaster 3150
Specifications
Item
Description
Make / Designation
Briggs and Stratton Vanguard V-Twin OHV,
air cooled, gas engine with cast iron cylinder sleeves
Model 350447
Fuel
Unleaded Regular Gasoline (85 Pump Octane Minimum)
Low Idle (no load)
1650 + 100 RPM
High Idle (no load)
2850 + 50 RPM
Engine Oil
SAE 30 SG, SH, or SJ
1.75 (1.65) with filter
Engine
Crankcase Oil Capacity qt. (liters)
Greensmaster 3150
Page 3 – 3
Engine
Service and Repairs
Fuel Tank
4
5
18
14
2
3
1
2
12
15
6
16
17
16
RIGHT
6
7
7
8
9
FRONT
9
10
6
11
7
18
8
19
ANTISEIZE
LUBRICANT
20 to 25 ft–lb
(27 to 34 Nm)
Figure 3
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Fuel filter
Hose clamp
Fuel hose (filter to engine)
Fuel cap
Fuel Tank
Grommet
Flat washer
Engine
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Hose support clamp
Cap screw
Cap screw
Hose support clamp
Vehicle frame
Not used
Page 3 – 4
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Fuel hose (shut–off valve to filter)
Fuel shut–off valve
Hose clamp
Fuel hose (tank to shut–off valve)
Hose clamp
Spacer
Greensmaster 3150
Fuel Tank Removal (Fig. 3)
Fuel Tank installation (Fig. 3)
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop the engine, engage parking brake, and remove the
key from the ignition switch.
1. Position fuel tank (5) on the vehicle frame (12).
A. Apply antiseize lubricant to the threads of the
four cap screws (9).
B. Secure the fuel tank to the vehicle frame with
four flat washers (7) and four cap screws (9). Make
sure the fuel hose support clamps (8) are positioned
correctly.
CAUTION
The muffler and exhaust manifold may be hot.
Avoid possible burns, allow exhaust system to
cool before working on the engine.
C. Torque cap screws from 20 to 25 ft–lb (27 to 34
Nm).
2. Connect fuel hose (14) to the fuel shut–off valve (15)
with hose clamp (2).
Gasoline is flammable. Use caution when storing
or handling it. Do not smoke while filling the fuel
tank. Do not fill fuel tank while engine is running
or in an enclosed area. Always fill fuel tank outside and wipe up any spilled fuel before starting
the engine. Store fuel in a clean, safety–approved container, and keep the cap in place. Use
gasoline for the engine only; not for any other
purpose.
3. Open fuel shut–off valve (15) and fill fuel tank with
fuel (see Filling Fuel Tank in the Traction Unit Operator’s
Manual). Check all fuel hoses and tank for leaks.
Engine
DANGER
2. Drain fuel tank (5) as follows:
A. Close fuel shut–off valve (15).
B. Disconnect fuel hose (14) at the fuel shut–off
valve and drain any fuel trapped in the fuel filter and
fuel hose into a suitable container.
C. Install one end of a spare length of fuel hose to
the fuel shut–off valve, and place the other end of
the hose into a suitable container for draining the
tank.
D. Drain fuel tank completely by opening the fuel
shut off valve.
E. Remove the spare length of fuel hose from the
fuel shut–off valve.
3. Remove four cap screws (9) and flat washers (7) securing the fuel tank to the vehicle frame (12). Remove
the fuel tank from the vehicle frame.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 3 – 5
Engine
Engine
1
4
2
1
3
2
6
24
29
29
25
24
7
8
16
23
22
5
21
20
31
28
19
26
10
29
27
29
31
42
33
41
30
34
35
43
36
15
37
14
9
12
17
13
18
42 32
37
37
36 34
38
40 33
Figure 4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Cap screw
Flat washer
Spacer
Exhaust manifold
Regulator shield
Muffler clamp
Hex nut
Engine assembly
Muffler
Muffler shield
Ground wires
Flat washer
Muffler support bracket
Cap screw
Flat washer
Engine
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
Hex flange nut
Lock washer
Screw
Pump adapter
Screw
Engine mount plate
Lock washer
Cap screw
Engine mount
Cap screw
Hex nut
Spring washer
Cap screw
Engine wire harness
Pump hub
Page 3 – 6
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
Hydraulic pump assembly
Hardened washer
Lock nut
Coupling spacer
Rubber coupling
Flat washer
Cap screw
Square head set screw
Key
Engine hub
Square head set screw
Lock washer
Cap screw
Key
Greensmaster 3150
Engine Removal (Fig. 4)
Engine Installation (Fig. 4)
1. Park machine on a level surface, lower cutting units,
stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key
from the ignition switch.
1. Support the engine assembly and align the engine
mount plate (21) with the three engine mounts (24).
IMPORTANT: Make sure not to damage engine, fuel
hose, hydraulic hoses, electrical harness and wires,
control cables, or other parts while installing the engine. Make sure pump hub is in position before
installing the engine mount cap screws.
CAUTION
The muffler and exhaust manifold may be hot.
Avoid possible burns, allow exhaust system to
cool before working on the engine.
2. Align the pump hub (30) with the pump shaft and key
(42) and slide the pump hub over the pump shaft.
2. Disconnect the negative (–) battery cable at the battery.
3. Install the three engine mount flange nuts (7), cap
screws (1), flat washers (2), and spacers (3).
A. Torque cap screws from 27 to 33 ft–lb (36 to 45
Nm).
DANGER
A. Torque cap screws from 27 to 33 ft–lb (36 to 45
Nm).
B. Tighten pump hub set screws (41) from 7 to 9 ft–
lb (9 to 12 Nm).
5. Connect the engine wiring harness (29) and ground
wires (11) to the engine.
3. Close fuel shut–off valve (15 Fig. 3).
4. Remove the fuel hose support clamp (11 Fig. 3) and
disconnect fuel hose (3 Fig. 3) at the carburetor. Drain
any fuel trapped in the fuel filter and fuel hose into a suitable container.
5. Disconnect the engine wiring harness (29), the
choke control cable, the throttle control cable, and the
ground wires (11) at the engine.
6. Loosen the two set screws (41) securing the pump
hub (30) to the pump shaft.
7. Support the hydraulic pump assembly and remove
the two cap screws (43) lock washers (42) and hardened washers (32) securing the pump to the pump
adapter (19). Do Not disconnect the hydraulic hoses or
neutral control linkage from the pump.
6. Connect and adjust the choke control cable (see
Adjusting the Choke Control in the Traction Unit Operator’s Manual).
7. Connect and adjust the throttle control cable (see
Adjusting the Throttle Control in the Traction Unit Operator’s Manual).
8. Connect fuel hose (3 Fig. 3) to the carburetor with
hose clamp (18 Fig. 3). Install the fuel hose support
clamp (11 Fig. 3).
9. Open fuel shut–off valve (15 Fig. 3) and fill fuel tank
with fuel (see Filling Fuel Tank in the Traction Unit Operator’s Manual). Check fuel hose for leaks.
10. Start the engine and check for proper operation.
8. Support the engine assembly and remove the three
engine mount flange nuts (7), cap screws (1), flat washers (2), and spacers (3).
9. Remove the engine.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 3 – 7
Engine
Engine
Gasoline is flammable. Use caution when storing
or handling it. Do not smoke while filling the fuel
tank. Do not fill fuel tank while engine is running
or in an enclosed area. Always fill fuel tank outside and wipe up any spilled fuel before starting
the engine. Store fuel in a clean, safety–approved container, and keep the cap in place. Use
gasoline for the engine only; not for any other
purpose.
4. Mount the hydraulic pump assembly to the pump
adapter (19) using two cap screws (43) lock washers
(42) and hardened washers (32).
This page is intentionally blank.
Engine
Page 3 – 8
Greensmaster 3150
Chapter 4
Hydraulic System
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Hydraulic Hoses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Hydraulic Fitting Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
HYDRAULIC SCHEMATICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
HYDRAULIC FLOW DIAGRAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Traction Forward and Reverse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Raise and Lower Cutting Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Mow and Backlap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Right and Left Turn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
SPECIAL TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Hydraulic Pressure Test Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Hydraulic Tester (Pressure and Flow) . . . . . . . . . 16
Hydraulic Test Fitting Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Measuring Container . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Wheel Hub Puller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Precautions for Hydraulic Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Test No. 1: Traction Drive Hydrostat (P3) Flow . . 22
Test No. 2: Wheel Motor Efficiency . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Test No. 3: Charge Relief Valve (R4) Pressure . . 26
Test No. 4: Gear Pump (P2) Flow and
Implement Relief Valve (R5) Pressure . . . . . . . 28
Test No. 5: Lower Cutting Units Relief Valve
(R2) Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Test No. 6: Gear Pump (P1) Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Test No. 7: Mow Circuit Relief Valve (R1)
Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Test No. 8: Reel Motor Case Drain Flow . . . . . . . 36
Test No. 9: Steering Control Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
ADJUSTMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Adjust Manifold Relief Valves (R1 and R2) . . . . . 40
Greensmaster 3150
SERVICE AND REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
General Precautions for Removing and
Installing Hydraulic System Components . . . . . 41
Gear Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Gear Pump Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Hydraulic System Start–up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Hydrostatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Piston Pump Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Piston Pump Crush Ring Replacement . . . . . . . . 50
Wheel Motors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Wheel Motor Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Flush Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Reel Motors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Reel Motor Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Lift Cylinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Lift Cylinder Service (Serial Number Under
240000000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Lift Cylinder Service (Serial Number Above
240000000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Hydraulic Manifold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Hydraulic Manifold Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Backlap Kit (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Rear Lift Cylinder Flow Control Valve . . . . . . . . . . 75
Steering Control Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Steering Control Valve Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Steering Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Steering Cylinder Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Leak Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Hydraulic Reservoir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
EATON GEAR PUMPS, REPAIR INFORMATION, SERIES 26, MODEL 26000, MULTIPLE GEAR PUMPS
EATON, MEDIUM DUTY PISTON PUMP, REPAIR
INFORMATION, MODEL 70160 VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT PISTON PUMP
ROSS TORQMOTOR TM MG, MF, MP, MB, ME, AND
MJ SERIES SERVICE PROCEDURE (SERVICE
MANUAL 2704–003)
Page 4 – 1 Rev. C
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
Table of Contents
This page is intentionally blank.
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 2
Greensmaster 3150
Specifications
Item
Description
Hydrostatic Transmission (P3)
Maximum Flow
Charge Pressure (R4)
Variable displacement piston pump
14.8 GPM (55.8 LPM) @ 2800 RPM and 98 % Efficiency
100 to 150 PSI (6.9 to 10.4 bar)
Gear Pump
Front Section to Reel Circuit (P1)
Maximum Flow
Rear Section to Steering and Lift Circuits (P2)
Maximum Flow
2 stage positive displacement gear type pump
6.9 GPM (26.1 LPM) @ 2800 RPM and 98 % Efficiency
3.7 GPM (13.9 LPM) @ 2800 RPM and 98 % Efficiency
Wheel Motors (Front)
Orbital rotor motor
Wheel Motor (Optional Rear)
Orbital rotor motor
Reel Motor
Gear motor
Steering Control Valve
Distributor valve with rotary meter
Implement (Steering and Lift) Relief Pressure (R5)
1150 PSI (79.4 bar) over Charge Pressure
Hydraulic Manifold Relief Valves
Mow Circuit (R1)
Cutting Unit Lower (R2)
Hydraulic Filter
5 Micron spin–on cartridge type
Hydraulic Oil
See Operator’s Manual
Hydraulic Reservoir
Greensmaster 3150
Reservoir (with leak detector) capacity 8.5 gal. U.S. (32.0 L)
Page 4 – 3
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
2400 PSI (166 bar)
300 PSI (21.0 bar) over Charge Pressure
General Information
Hydraulic Hoses
Hydraulic hoses are subject to extreme conditions such
as pressure differentials during operation and exposure
to weather, sun, chemicals, very warm storage conditions, or mishandling during operation or maintenance.
These conditions can cause damage or premature deterioration. Some hoses are more susceptible to these
conditions than others. Inspect the hoses frequently for
signs of deterioration or damage.
When replacing a hydraulic hose, be sure that the hose
is straight (not twisted) before tightening the fittings.
This can be done by observing the imprint on the hose.
Use two wrenches; hold the hose straight with one and
tighten the hose swivel nut onto the fitting with the other.
WARNING
Before disconnecting or performing any work on
the hydraulic system, all pressure in the system
must be relieved by stopping the engine and lowering or supporting the reels and/or other attachments.
Keep body and hands away from pin hole leaks or
nozzles that eject hydraulic fluid under high pressure. Use paper or cardboard, not hands, to
search for leaks. Hydraulic fluid escaping under
pressure can have sufficient force to penetrate
the skin and cause serious injury. If fluid is injected into the skin, it must be surgically removed
within a few hours by a doctor familiar with this
type of injury. Gangrene may result from such an
injury.
Hydraulic Fitting Installation
O–Ring Face Seal
Nut
1. Make sure both threads and sealing surfaces are
free of burrs, nicks, scratches, or any foreign material.
Body
Sleeve
2. Make sure the O–ring is installed and properly
seated in the groove. It is recommended that the O–ring
be replaced any time the connection is opened.
Seal
3. Lubricate the O–ring with a light coating of oil.
4. Put the tube and nut squarely into position on the
face seal end of the fitting and tighten the nut until finger
tight.
Figure 1
5. Mark the nut and fitting body. Hold the body with a
wrench. Use another wrench to tighten the nut to the correct flats from finger tight (F.F.F.T.). The markings on the
nut and fitting body will verify that the connection has
been tightened.
Size
4 (1/4 in. nominal hose or tubing)
6 (3/8 in.)
8 (1/2 in.)
10 (5/8 in.)
12 (3/4 in.)
16 (1 in.)
Hydraulic System
Final
Position
Mark Nut
and Body
F.F.F.T.
.75 + .25
.75 + .25
.75 + .25
1.00 + .25
.75 + .25
.75 + .25
Page 4 – 4
Extend Line
Finger Tight
Initial
Position
After Proper Tightening
Figure 2
Greensmaster 3150
SAE Straight Thread O–Ring Port – Nonadjustable
1. Make sure both threads and sealing surfaces are
free of burrs, nicks, scratches, or any foreign material.
2. Always replace the O–ring seal when this type of fitting shows signs of leakage.
O–Ring
3. Lubricate the O–ring with a light coating of oil.
4. Install the fitting into the port and tighten it down full
length until finger tight.
Figure 3
5. Tighten the fitting to the correct flats from finger tight
(F.F.F.T.).
Size
4 (1/4 in. nominal hose or tubing)
6 (3/8 in.)
8 (1/2 in.)
10 (5/8 in.)
12 (3/4 in.)
16 (1 in.)
F.F.F.T.
1.00 + .25 1.50 + .25 1.50 + .25 1.50 + .25 1.50 + .25 1.50 + .25 SAE Straight Thread O–Ring Port – Adjustable
2. Always replace the O–ring seal when this type of fitting shows signs of leakage.
Lock Nut
3. Lubricate the O–ring with a light coating of oil.
4. Turn back the jam nut as far as possible. Make sure
the back up washer is not loose and is pushed up as far
as possible (Step 1).
Back–up Washer
O–Ring
5. Install the fitting into the port and tighten finger tight
until the washer contacts the face of the port (Step 2).
6. To put the fitting in the desired position, unscrew it
by the required amount, but no more than one full turn
(Step 3).
Figure 4
Step 1
Step 3
Step 2
Step 4
7. Hold the fitting in the desired position with a wrench
and turn the jam nut with another wrench to the correct
flats from finger tight (F.F.F.T.) (Step 4).
Size
4 (1/4 in. nominal hose or tubing)
6 (3/8 in.)
8 (1/2 in.)
10 (5/8 in.)
12 (3/4 in.)
16 (1 in.)
Greensmaster 3150
F.F.F.T.
1.00 + .25
1.50 + .25
1.50 + .25
1.50 + .25
1.50 + .25
1.50 + .25
Page 4 – 5
Figure 5
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
1. Make sure both threads and sealing surfaces are
free of burrs, nicks, scratches, or any foreign material.
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 6
RIGHT
LEFT
DUMP
VALVE
OPTIONAL 3WD
TRACTION
WHEEL MOTOR
A
B
M4
B
M5
A
BOTTOM
B
HYDROSTST
P3
BLEED 200–250
VALVE PSI
R4
BOTTOM
1600 LOW IDLE
2850 HIGH IDLE
TOP
A
FORWARD
BOTTOM
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
All solenoids are shown as
de–energized
Greensmaster 3150
Hydraulic Schematic
Serial Number Under 230000801
25
PSI
OPTIONAL KIT
OIL
COOLER
OIL
FILTER
T
S1
REELS
ENGINE
RPM
FRONT
PORT
P1
FC1
MA
P1
REEL MOTORS
R1
LC1
D1
MB
PT ST
S2
LOWER
OPTIONAL
BACKLAP
VALVES
BACKLAP
FRONT
PORT
GEAR PUMP
P2
75
PSI
RD1
MOW
M2
M3
P2
E
T
P
R5
HOLD
MANIFOLD BLOCK
R2
LOWER
S4
V1
POWER STEERING VALVE
LOWER AND
RAISE
RAISE
S3
FRONT
PORT
M1
L2A
L2B
L1B
L3A
L3B
L
R
.05
.05
BALL JOINT
END
#2
.05
#3
#1
FLOW
CONTROL
VALVE
RAISE
LOWER
LIFT CYLINDERS
Hydraulic Schematics
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 7
Hydraulic System
RIGHT
P3
LEFT
DUMP
VALVE
BOTTOM
B
HYDROSTST
OPTIONAL 3WD
TRACTION
WHEEL MOTOR
A
B
M4
B
M5
A
BLEED 200–250
VALVE PSI
R4
BOTTOM
1600 LOW IDLE
2850 HIGH IDLE
TOP
A
FORWARD
BOTTOM
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
All solenoids are shown as
de–energized
Greensmaster 3150
Hydraulic Schematic
Serial Number 230000801 & Up
25
PSI
OPTIONAL KIT
OIL
COOLER
OIL
FILTER
T
.125
P1
S1
R1
FC1
MA
Hydraulic
System
ENGINE
RPM
REELS
ORIFICE
S6
FRONT
PORT
P1
REEL MOTORS
LC1
.020
MB
PT ST
S2
LOWER
OPTIONAL
BACKLAP
VALVES
BACKLAP
FRONT
PORT
GEAR PUMP
P2
75
PSI
RD1
MOW
M2
M3
P2
E
T
P
R5
HOLD
LOWER
S4
V1
POWER STEERING VALVE
LOWER AND
RAISE
RAISE
S3
R2
MANIFOLD BLOCK
FRONT
PORT
M1
L2A
L2B
L1B
L3A
L3B
L
R
.05
.05
BALL JOINT
END
#2
.05
#3
#1
FLOW
CONTROL
VALVE
RAISE
LOWER
LIFT CYLINDERS
Hydraulic Flow Diagrams
Traction Forward and Reverse
Forward
Reverse
The hydrostat is driven directly by the engine. The traction circuit of the hydraulic system acts essentially as a
closed loop. Taking its suction directly from the return
side of the wheel motors of the traction circuit, the hydrostat supplies oil flow to the wheel motors through the
supply side of the traction circuit.
The traction circuit operates essentially the same in reverse as it does in the forward direction. However, the
flow through the circuit is reversed.
With the engine running and traction pedal in the neutral
position, the hydrostat supplies no flow to the wheel motors. When the traction pedal is pressed to the forward
position, the linkage from the pedal positions the swash
plate in the hydrostat so oil flows out the top port of the
pump. Oil flow out of the top port goes to the wheel motors and turns them in the forward direction.
Oil flowing out of the wheel motors returns to the bottom
port of the hydrostat and is continuously pumped out the
top port.
Hydraulic oil is supplied to the traction circuit from the
gear pump (P2) though the steering control valve and
back through the charge circuit check valves. This oil replaces oil losses from flow through the internal case
drain, internal bleed valve, and small amounts of leakage. Charge circuit pressure is maintained by the
charge relief valve (R4) that is attached to the hydrostat
back plate.
With the engine running and traction pedal in the neutral
position, the hydrostat supplies no flow to the wheel motors. When the traction pedal is pressed to the reverse
position, the linkage from the pedal positions the swash
plate in the hydrostat so oil flows out the bottom port of
the pump. Oil flow out of the bottom port goes to the
wheel motors and turns them in the reverse direction.
Oil flowing out of the wheel motors returns to the top port
of the hydrostat and is continuously pumped out the bottom port.
The charge circuit functions the same in reverse as it did
in the forward direction.
Traction Circuit Cooling
The traction circuit is cooled by a bleed off circuit in the
hydrostat. The bleed off circuit includes an internal bleed
valve which allows about 1 gpm of hydraulic oil to pass
from the reverse side of the hydrostat while operating
the traction unit in the forward direction. The internal
bleed valve closes when operating the traction in the reverse direction.
Note: The bleed valve threads into the hydrostat back
plate. Access to the bleed valve requires removal of the
back plate from the hydrostat.
Note: While operating the traction unit in the reverse
direction under light loads, a slight surge in ground
speed may be experienced.
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 8
Rev. A
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 9
Hydraulic System
RIGHT
LEFT
DUMP
VALVE
OPTIONAL 3WD
TRACTION
WHEEL MOTOR
A
B
M4
B
M5
A
P3
BOTTOM
B
HYDROSTST
BLEED 200–250
PSI
VALVE
R4
BOTTOM
1600 LOW IDLE
2850 HIGH IDLE
TOP
A
FORWARD
BOTTOM
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
25
PSI
OPTIONAL KIT
OIL
COOLER
OIL
FILTER
T
.125
P1
S1
R1
FC1
MA
P1
REEL MOTORS
LC1
.020
S2
OPTIONAL
BACKLAP
VALVES
PT ST
MB
BACKLAP
FRONT
PORT
GEAR PUMP
P2
75
PSI
RD1
MOW
Hydraulic
System
ENGINE
RPM
REELS
ORIFICE
S6
FRONT
PORT
M2
M3
P2
E
T
P
S3
R5
R2
S4
MANIFOLD BLOCK
V1
L2A
L2B
L1B
L3A
L3B
L
R
.05
.05
BALL JOINT
END
#2
.05
#3
#1
FLOW
CONTROL
VALVE
RAISE
LOWER
LIFT CYLINDERS
High Pressure
Low Pressure (Charge)
Return or Suction
Flow
All solenoids are shown as
de–energized.
POWER STEERING VALVE
FRONT
PORT
M1
Greensmaster 3150
Traction Forward
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
Raise and Lower Cutting Units
The gear pump (P2) is directly coupled to the hydrostat
through gear pump (P1). It supplies hydraulic pressure
for raising and lowering the cutting units, for the steering
circuit, and for maintaining 100 to 150 PSI (6.9 to 10.0
bar) to the low pressure side of the traction circuit
(charge pressure). The gear pump (P2) takes its suction
from the hydraulic reservoir. Maximum circuit pressure
is limited by relief valve (R5).
During cutting unit hold (not raising or lowering) conditions, flow from the gear pump is by–passed through the
steering control valve and solenoid valve (S2) directly to
the hydrostat and the charge relief valve (R4). Flow then
returns to the hydraulic reservoir.
Raise Cutting Units
When the cutting units are to be raised, solenoid valve
(S2) is energized and blocks flow directly to the hydrostat. Flow is directed to energized solenoid valve (S3),
which directs flow to de–energized solenoid valve (S4)
and the lift cylinders. Hydraulic pressure against the cylinder pistons moves their shafts causing the cutting
units to raise. At the same time, the pistons push the hydraulic fluid out of the lift cylinders and back through solenoid valves (S3) to the hydrostat.
When the solenoid valves de–energize, spring action
returns the valves to their original position and by–
passes flow back to the hydrostat stopping lift cylinder
movement. The lift cylinder position is locked in place
since there is no complete circuit of flow to and from the
lift cylinders.
Lower Cutting Units
Circuit operation for lowering the lift cylinders is similar
to raising them. However, the solenoid valve (S3) remains de–energized and solenoid valve (S4) is energized. Flow is reversed to and from the lift cylinders,
lowering the cutting units.
When the cutting units are to be lowered, solenoid valve
(S2) is energized and blocks flow directly to the hydrostat. Flow is directed to de–energized solenoid valve
(S3), which directs flow to the lift cylinders. Hydraulic
pressure against the cylinder pistons moves their shafts
causing the cutting units to lower. At the same time, the
pistons push the hydraulic fluid out of the lift cylinders to
energized solenoid valve (S4). Flow continues back
through solenoid valves (S3) to the hydrostat. Flow into
the flow control valve is slowed by the variable orifice to
allow the rear cutting unit to lower after the front units.
To control pressure while lowering cutting units, the system is equipped with adjustable relief valve (R2) in the
hydraulic manifold.
When the solenoid valves de–energize, spring action
returns the valves to their original position and by–
passes flow back to the hydrostat stopping lift cylinder
movement.
Note: On traction units with serial numbers
230000801 and up, solenoid valve (S6) is energized
when the cutting units are raised. This forces the return
flow from the reel motors through the .125” orifice, putting back pressure on the reel circuit, and stopping the
reels from rotating.
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 10
Rev. C
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 11
Hydraulic System
RIGHT
LEFT
DUMP
VALVE
OPTIONAL 3WD
TRACTION
WHEEL MOTOR
A
B
M4
B
M5
A
P3
BOTTOM
B
HYDROSTST
BLEED 200–250
PSI
VALVE
R4
BOTTOM
1600 LOW IDLE
2850 HIGH IDLE
TOP
A
FORWARD
BOTTOM
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
25
PSI
OPTIONAL KIT
OIL
COOLER
OIL
FILTER
T
.125
P1
S1
R1
FC1
MA
P1
REEL MOTORS
LC1
.020
S2
OPTIONAL
BACKLAP
VALVES
PT ST
MB
BACKLAP
FRONT
PORT
GEAR PUMP
P2
75
PSI
RD1
MOW
Hydraulic
System
ENGINE
RPM
REELS
ORIFICE
S6
FRONT
PORT
M2
M3
P2
E
T
P
S3
R5
V1
POWER STEERING VALVE
R2
S4
L2A
L2B
L1B
L3A
L3B
L
R
.05
.05
BALL JOINT
END
#2
.05
#3
#1
FLOW
CONTROL
VALVE
RAISE
LOWER
LIFT CYLINDERS
High Pressure
Low Pressure (Charge)
Return or Suction
Flow
Solenoids S2 and S3 are shown
in the energized position.
All other solenoids are shown
as de–energized.
MANIFOLD BLOCK
FRONT
PORT
M1
Greensmaster 3150
Raise Cutting Units
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
Mow and Backlap
Mow
The gear pump (P1) is directly coupled to the the hydrostat which is driven directly by the engine. Taking its suction directly from the hydraulic reservoir, the gear pump
(P1) supplies oil flow to the hydraulic manifold block and
to the cutting reel motors.
With the engine running and the Functional Control and
Raise/Lower/Mow levers positioned so the reels will
not turn (see Operator’s Manual), solenoid valve (S1) is
de–energized. (S1) by–passes flow from the gear pump
(P1) directly to the hydraulic reservoir.
With the engine running and the Functional Control and
Raise/Lower/Mow levers positioned so the reels will
turn (see Operator’s Manual), solenoid valve (S1) is energized. Flow is diverted to the reel motors.
Note: On traction units with serial numbers
230000801 and up, solenoid valve (S6) is energized
when the cutting units are raised. This forces the return
flow from the reel motors through the .125” orifice, putting back pressure on the reel circuit, and stopping the
reels from rotating.
(P1) flows through the reel speed control valve (FC1).
Flow across the speed control valve is pressure compensated by the logic cartridge valve (LC1). The logic
cartridge valve maintains a pressure differential of 75
PSI (5.2 bar) across the speed control valve. Any excess
flow above what the speed control valve is set for is by–
passed to the reservoir through the logic cartridge valve.
With the optional backlap valve (RD1) in the mow position, oil flows through the valve, out port (MA), and to the
reel motors that are connected in series.
Oil flows through the left (M2), right (M3), and then rear
reel motor (M1) as it turns the motors in the mow direction. The oil then returns through the manifold block and
oil filter and then to the reservoir.
Backlap
Backlapping operation is the same as mowing operation, except for the position of the backlap valve (RD1).
When the backlap valve (RD1) is in the backlap position, oil flows through the rear (M1), right (M3), and then
left (M2) reel motor as it turns the motors in the backlap
direction.
On units with the optional backlap kit installed, flow
through the manifold block is different. Oil flow from port
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 12
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 13
Hydraulic System
RIGHT
LEFT
DUMP
VALVE
OPTIONAL 3WD
TRACTION
WHEEL MOTOR
A
B
M4
B
M5
A
P3
BOTTOM
B
HYDROSTST
BLEED 200–250
PSI
VALVE
R4
BOTTOM
1600 LOW IDLE
2850 HIGH IDLE
TOP
A
FORWARD
BOTTOM
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
25
PSI
OPTIONAL KIT
OIL
COOLER
OIL
FILTER
T
.125
ENGINE
RPM
REELS
ORIFICE
S6
FRONT
PORT
P1
REEL MOTORS
LC1
.020
S2
OPTIONAL
BACKLAP
VALVES
PT ST
MB
BACKLAP
FRONT
PORT
GEAR PUMP
P2
75
PSI
RD1
Hydraulic
System
P1
S1
R1
FC1
MA
MOW
M2
M3
P2
E
T
P
S3
R5
R2
S4
MANIFOLD BLOCK
V1
L2A
L2B
L1B
L3A
L3B
L
R
.05
.05
BALL JOINT
END
#2
.05
#3
#1
FLOW
CONTROL
VALVE
RAISE
LOWER
LIFT CYLINDERS
High Pressure
Low Pressure (Charge)
Return or Suction
Flow
Solenoids S1 is shown
in the energized position.
All other solenoids are shown
as de–energized.
POWER STEERING VALVE
FRONT
PORT
M1
Greensmaster 3150
Mow
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
Right and Left Turn
The gear pump (P2) is directly coupled to the hydrostat
through gear pump (P1). It supplies hydraulic pressure
to the power steering valve for turning the rear wheel, for
raising and lowering the cutting units, and for maintaining 100 to 150 PSI (6.9 to 10.0 Bar) to the low pressure
side of the traction circuit (charge pressure). The gear
pump (P2) takes its suction from the hydraulic reservoir.
Maximum circuit pressure is limited by relief valve (R5).
With the steering wheel in the neutral position (rear
wheel positioned straight ahead) and the engine running, the spool valve is in the center position. Flow enters the steering control valve at Port (P) and goes
through the spool valve, by–passing the steering cylinder. Flow leaves the control valve out port (E) and continues through solenoid valve (S2) to the hydrostat.
Right Turn
When a right turn is made with the engine running, the
turning of the steering wheel positions the spool valve so
that flow goes through the top of the spool. Flow entering
the steering control valve at Port (P) goes through the
spool and is routed to two places. First, most of the flow
through the valve is by–passed out port (E) back
through solenoid valve (S2) to the hydrostat. Second,
the remainder of the flow is drawn through the rotary meter (V1) and out port (R). Pressure moves the piston in
the direction for a right turn. The rotary meter ensures
that the oil flow to the cylinder is proportional to the
Hydraulic System
amount of the turning on the steering wheel. Fluid leaving the cylinder flows back through the spool valve and
out port (T). The returning flow passes through the manifold block (using ports ST and PT) and on to the hydrostat.
The steering wheel and steering control valve return to
the neutral position when turning is complete.
Left Turn
When a left turn is made with the engine running, the
turning of the steering wheel positions the spool valve so
that flow goes through the bottom of the spool. Flow entering the steering control valve at Port (P) goes through
the spool and is routed to two places. First, most of the
flow through the valve is by–passed out port (E) back
through solenoid valve (S2) to the hydrostat. Second,
the remainder of the flow is drawn through rotary meter
(V1) and out port (L). Pressure moves the piston in the
direction for a left turn. The rotary meter ensures that the
oil flow to the cylinder is proportional to the amount of the
turning on the steering wheel. Fluid leaving the cylinder
flows back through the spool valve and out port (T). The
returning flow passes through the manifold block (using
ports ST and PT) and on to the hydrostat.
The steering wheel and steering control valve return to
the neutral position when turning is complete.
Page 4 – 14
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 15
Hydraulic System
RIGHT
DUMP
VALVE
OPTIONAL 3WD
TRACTION
WHEEL MOTOR
M4
A
B
LEFT
P3
BOTTOM
B
HYDROSTST
BLEED 200–250
PSI
VALVE
R4
BOTTOM
1600 LOW IDLE
2850 HIGH IDLE
TOP
A
FORWARD
B
M5
A
BOTTOM
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
25
PSI
OPTIONAL KIT
OIL
COOLER
OIL
FILTER
T
.125
ENGINE
RPM
REELS
ORIFICE
S6
FRONT
PORT
P1
REEL MOTORS
LC1
.020
S2
OPTIONAL
BACKLAP
VALVES
PT ST
MB
BACKLAP
FRONT
PORT
GEAR PUMP
P2
75
PSI
RD1
Hydraulic
System
P1
S1
R1
FC1
MA
MOW
M2
M3
P2
E
T
P
S3
R5
V1
POWER STEERING VALVE
R2
S4
L2A
L2B
L1B
L3A
L3B
L
R
.05
.05
BALL JOINT
END
#2
.05
#3
#1
FLOW
CONTROL
VALVE
RAISE
LOWER
LIFT CYLINDERS
High Pressure
Low Pressure (Charge)
Return or Suction
Flow
All solenoids are shown
as de–energized.
Power steering valve is
positioned for a right turn.
MANIFOLD BLOCK
FRONT
PORT
M1
Greensmaster 3150
Right Turn
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
Special Tools
Order these tools from the TORO SPECIAL TOOLS AND APPLICATIONS GUIDE (COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS).
Hydraulic Pressure Test Kit – TOR47009
Use to take various pressure readings for diagnostic
tests. Quick disconnect fittings provided attach directly
to mating fittings on machine test ports without tools. A
high pressure hose is provided for remote readings.
Contains one each: 1000 PSI (70 Bar), 5000 PSI (350
Bar) and 10000 PSI (700 Bar) gauges. Use gauges as
recommended in the Testing section of this chapter.
Figure 6
Hydraulic Tester (Pressure and Flow) – TOR214678
Figure 7
This tester requires O–ring face seal (ORFS) adapter fittings for use on this machine. Use hydraulic tester as
recommended in the Testing section of this chapter.
4. HIGH PRESSURE GAUGE: High range gauge
which accommodates pressures beyond the capacity of
the low pressure gauge, 0 to 5,000 PSI.
1. INLET HOSE: Hose connected from the system circuit to the inlet side of the hydraulic tester.
5. FLOW METER: This meter measures actual oil flow
in the operating circuit with a gauge rated at 15 GPM.
2. LOAD VALVE: A simulated working load is created
in the circuit by turning the valve to restrict flow.
6. OUTLET HOSE: A hose from the outlet side of the
hydraulic tester connects to the hydraulic system circuit.
3. LOW PRESSURE GAUGE: Low range gauge to provide accurate reading at low pressure, 0 to 1000 PSI.
A protector valve cuts out when pressure is about to
exceed the normal range for the gauge. The cutout
pressure is adjustable.
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 16
Greensmaster 3150
Hydraulic Test Fitting Kit – TOR4079
This kit includes a variety of O–ring face seal fittings to
enable you to connect test gauges into the system.
TORO TEST FITTING KIT (NO. TOR4079)
The kit includes: tee’s, unions, reducers, plugs, caps,
and male test fittings.
Figure 8
Measuring Container – TOR4077
Hydraulic
System
Use this container for doing hydraulic motor efficiency
testing (motors with case drain lines only). Measure efficiency of a hydraulic motor by restricting the outlet flow
from the motor and measuring leakage from the case
drain line while the motor is pressurized by the hydraulic
system.
Figure 9
Wheel Hub Puller – TOR4097
The wheel hub puller allows safe removal of the wheel
hub from the shaft of wheel motors.
Figure 10
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 17
Rev. A
Hydraulic System
Troubleshooting
The charts that follow contain information to assist in
troubleshooting. There may possibly be more than one
cause for a machine malfunction.
Refer to the Testing section of this Chapter for precau-
tions and specific test procedures.
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Problem
Possible Cause
Hydraulic oil leaks from system.
Fitting(s), hose(s), or tube(s) are loose or damaged.
O–ring(s) or seal(s) are missing or damaged.
Hydraulic fluid foams.
Oil level in reservoir is low.
Hydraulic system has wrong type of oil.
The pump suction line has an air leak.
Hydraulic system operates hot.
Transmission pressure is high due to load or brakes applied.
Oil level in reservoir is low, or inlet filter is loose or clogged.
Oil is contaminated or too light.
Working load of machine may require use of oil cooler.
Oil cooler (when installed) is damaged or plugged. By–pass relief is
stuck open or air flow is obstructed.
Charge pressure is low.
Hydrostat by–pass valve is open or defective.
Wheel motor(s) or reel motor(s) are worn or damaged.
Traction pump (P3) is worn or damaged (see Test 1).
Neutral is difficult to find, or unit operates in one direction only.
External control linkage is misadjusted, disconnected, binding, or
damaged.
Traction pump (P3) is worn or damaged (see Test 1).
Traction response is sluggish.
Charge pressure is low. Hydraulic oil is very cold.
Towing by–pass valve is open or worn. Brake is not released.
Traction pump (P3) or wheel motor(s) are worn or damaged (see
Tests 1 and 2).
No traction exists in either direction.
Brake is not released.
Oil level in reservoir is low.
Hydrostat by–pass valve is open.
Charge pressure is low.
Traction pump (P3) or wheel motor(s) are worn or damaged (see
Tests 1 and 2).
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 18
Greensmaster 3150
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Problem
Possible Cause
Wheel motor will not turn.
Internal parts in wheel motor are damaged.
Brakes are binding.
Key on wheel motor shaft is sheared or missing.
Wheel motor will not hold load in
neutral.
Make up fluid from charge pump is not available.
Hydrostat ball check valves are damaged.
Reel motor drive pump is noisy
(cavitation).
Reservoir oil level is low.
Suction line is restricted.
Suction line has an air leak.
Reels will not turn.
Solenoid valve S1 is stuck open (not shifting to its energized position).
An electrical problem exists (See Chapter 5–Electrical System).
Relief valve R1 is stuck open (see Test 7).
LC1 logic valve (when Backlap Kit is installed) is stuck open.
Gear pump P1 is damaged (see Test 6).
Reel to bedknife adjustment is too tight.
Reel bearing(s) are damaged.
The .020 orifice is plugged (when Backlap Kit is installed).
Reel motor case drain flow is excessive. Flow is greater than 0.5 GPM
(1.9 LPM) at 1000 PSI.
Excessive internal wear in reel motor exists (see Test 8).
Cutting units will not lift or lift slowly.
Engine speed is too low.
Reel bearing(s) are damaged.
Charge pump (P2) is damaged (see Test 4).
Lift cylinder linkage is binding or broken.
Lift cylinder bushings bind.
Reservoir oil level is low.
Charge pump pressure or flow is insufficient (see Test 3 and 4).
Implement relief valve (R5) is stuck open (see Test 4).
Solenoid valve (S2) is damaged (not shifting to its energized position).
Lift cylinders leak internally.
Relief valve (R2) is stuck open (see Test 5).
Spool in steering control valve is hung up (see Test 9).
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 19
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
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Problem
Possible Cause
Cutting units raise, but will not stay
up.
Lift cylinders leak internally.
Solenoid valve (S4) leaks.
Solenoid valve (S4) is not returning to its de–energized position.
Relief valve (R2) leaks (see Test 5).
Steering wheel is hard to turn.
Steering control valve has insufficient oil pressure.
Emergency steering ball in steering control valve is missing or
damaged.
Regular adjustments to steering
wheel are necessary because of difficulty of driving in a straight line.
Leaf springs in steering control valve are worn or broken.
Gear wheel set is worn.
Steering cylinder is seized or its piston seals are worn (see Test 9).
Steering wheel will not return to the
neutral position.
Spool and sleeve are sticking to steering control housing assembly
(see Test 9).
Steering wheel can turn on its own.
Leaf springs in steering control valve are broken or stuck.
Spool and sleeve are sticking to steering control housing assembly
(see Test 9).
Backlash results when turning steering wheel.
Cardan shaft fork is worn or broken.
Leaf springs in steering control valve are worn or broken.
Splines on the steering column are worn.
Rear wheel shimmies when the
steering wheel is turned.
Air is in the steering cylinder.
Mechanical connections to the wheel or wheel bearing are worn.
The steering wheel can be turned
without the rear wheel turning.
Reservoir oil level is low.
The steering cylinder is worn.
The gear set in the steering control valve is worn.
Steering response is too slow and
heavy when trying to turn quickly.
Oil supply to the steering control valve is insufficient.
Turning steering wheel turns machine in the opposite direction.
Hoses to the steering cylinder are reversed.
Steering force (possibly to one side
only) is insufficient.
Pressure to steering control valve is low.
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 20
Greensmaster 3150
Testing
The most effective method for isolating problems in the
hydraulic system is by using hydraulic test equipment
such as pressure gauges and flow meters in the circuits
during various operational checks (See the Special
Tools section in this Chapter).
1. Clean machine thoroughly before disconnecting or
disassembling any hydraulic components. Always keep
in mind the need for cleanliness when working on hydraulic equipment. Contamination will cause excessive
wear of components.
Before Performing Hydraulic Tests
2. Put metal caps or plugs on any hydraulic lines left
open or exposed during testing or removal of components.
IMPORTANT: All obvious areas such as oil supply,
filter, binding linkages, loose fasteners, improper
adjustments, solenoid valve operation, or electrical
connections/circuits must be checked before assuming that a hydraulic component is the source of
the problem.
3. The engine must be in good operating condition.
Engine speed will affect test accuracy. Check pump
speed with a phototac when performing hydraulic tests.
4. The inlet and the outlet hoses must be properly connected and not reversed (tester with pressure and flow
capabilities) to prevent damage to the hydraulic tester or
components.
CAUTION
Failure to use gauges with recommended pressure (psi) rating as listed in test procedures
could result in damage to the gauge and possible
personal injury from leaking hot oil.
All testing should be performed by two (2)
people. One person should be in the seat to operate the machine, and the other should read and
record test results.
Operate all hydraulic controls to relieve system
pressure and avoid injury from pressurized hydraulic oil. Controls must be operated with the
ignition switch in OFF. Remove key from the ignition switch.
5. When using tester with pressure and flow capabilities, open load valve completely in the hydraulic tester
to minimize the possibility of damaging components.
6. Install fittings finger tight and far enough to make
sure that they are not cross–threaded before tightening
them with a wrench.
7. Position tester hoses to prevent rotating machine
parts from contacting and damaging the hoses or tester.
8. Check oil level in the hydraulic reservoir. After connecting test equipment, make sure tank is full.
9. Check control linkages for improper adjustment,
binding,or broken parts.
10. All hydraulic tests should be made with the hydraulic
oil at normal operating temperature.
WARNING
11. Record the results of all performed hydraulic tests.
Before disconnecting or performing any work on
the hydraulic system, all pressure in the system
must be relieved and all rotating machine parts
must be stopped. Stop engine; lower or support
attachments.
Keep body and hands away from pin hole leaks
or nozzles that eject hydraulic fluid under high
pressure. Do not use hands to search for leaks;
use paper or cardboard. Hydraulic fluid escaping under pressure can have sufficient force to
penetrate the skin and cause serious injury. If
fluid is injected into the skin, it must be surgically removed within a few hours by a doctor familiar with this type of injury. Gangrene may result
from such an injury.
Hydraulic Testing
1. Use the Hydraulic Schematic, Hydraulic Flow Diagrams, and the Troubleshooting section found in this
Chapter to assist in problem identification and solution.
2. Hydraulic system problems (e.g. low hydraulic oil
level, contaminated oil, incorrect engine speed) will affect the entire hydraulic system.
3. For traction related problems (e.g. machine will not
go up an incline), use Tests 1, 2, and/or 3.
4. Problems with steering, lift/lower, and traction
charge pressure, use Tests 3, 4, 5, and/or 9.
5. Issues with cutting system, use Tests 6, 7, and/or 8.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 21
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
Precautions for Hydraulic Testing
TEST NO. 1: Traction Drive Hydrostat (P3) Flow (Using Tester with Flowmeter and
Pressure Gauges)
HOSE FROM
UPPER FITTING
M5
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
M4
OPTIONAL
REAR WHEEL (3WD)
MOTOR
3WD
TESTER
DUMP
VALVE
TOP
A
BOTTOM
B
R4
FROM GEAR PUMP (P2)
BLEED
VALVE
200–250
PSI
P3
High Pressure
Low Pressure
TO HYDRAULIC
RESERVOIR
Hydraulic System
HYDROSTAT
Return or Suction
Flow
Page 4 – 22
Greensmaster 3150
Procedure for Traction Drive Hydrostat (P3) Flow
Check:
This test measures hydrostat pump output (flow). During this test, pump load is created at the flowmeter using
the adjustable load valve on the tester.
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting
units lowered and off. Make sure engine is off. Make
sure the hydraulic tank is full.
CAUTION
Use extreme caution when taking gauge readings. The front tire on the ground will be trying to
move the machine forward.
9. Slowly push traction pedal into fully forward position.
Note: Make sure transport speed is properly adjusted.
See Adjusting the Transport Speed in the traction unit
Operator’s Manual for additional information.
10. Slowly close flow control valve until pressure gauge
reads 1000 PSI (69 bar).
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
3. Make sure the transmission is adjusted to the neutral position (see the Traction Unit Operator’s manual).
4. Block up front wheels off the ground (also rear
wheel if machine is equipped with 3WD) to allow flow
through the traction circuit.
11. Observe flow gauge. TESTER READING should be
a minimum flow of 13.3 GPM. Record test results.
12. Release traction pedal, open control valve on tester,
and turn off machine.
13. If specifications are not met consider the following:
A. The traction pedal and/or traction speed may
need adjustment (see the Traction Unit Operator’s
Manual).
5. Disconnect hose from the upper hydraulic fitting on
the side of the hydrostat.
B. The hydrostat needs to be repaired or replaced
as necessary.
6. Install tester in series with the pump and the disconnected hose. Make sure flow control valve on the
tester is fully open.
7. Make sure functional lever is in the transport position.
8. Start engine and move throttle to full speed (2850 +
50 RPM) position.
Greensmaster 3150
C. Make necessary repairs before performing additional tests.
14. If specifications are met, check wheel motor efficiency (see TEST NO. 2: Wheel Motor Efficiency in this
chapter).
15. If testing is complete, disconnect tester from pump
fitting and hose. Reconnect hose to pump fitting.
Page 4 – 23
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
CAUTION
TEST NO. 2: Wheel Motor Efficiency
HOSE FROM
UPPER FITTING
M5
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
M4
CAP
CAP
OPTIONAL
REAR WHEEL (3WD)
MOTOR
3WD
TESTER
DUMP
VALVE
TOP
A
BOTTOM
B
R4
FROM GEAR PUMP
BLEED
VALVE
200–250
PSI
P3
High Pressure
TO HYDRAULIC
RESERVOIR
HYDROSTAT
Low Pressure
Return or Suction
Flow
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 24
Greensmaster 3150
Note: Over a period of time, a wheel motor can wear
internally. A worn motor may by–pass oil to its case drain
causing the motor to be less efficient. Eventually,
enough oil loss will cause the wheel motor to stall under
heavy load conditions. Continued operation with a worn,
inefficient motor can generate excessive heat, cause
damage to seals and other components in the hydraulic
system, and affect overall machine performance.
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes. Make sure the hydraulic tank is full.
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting
units lowered and off. Make sure engine is off and the
parking brake is engaged.
3. Read Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
4. Make sure the transmission is adjusted to the neutral position (see the Traction Unit Operator’s Manual).
5. Attach a heavy chain to the rear of the machine
frame and an immovable object to prevent the machine
from moving during testing.
12. Slowly push traction pedal in forward direction until
1000 PSI (69 bar) is displayed on the tester pressure
gauge.
13. Wheel motor internal leakage will be shown on flow
meter in GPM. Flow should be less than 1.5 GPM for
the tested wheel motor.
14. Release traction pedal, rotate wheel being tested,
and retest. Testing of wheel motor leakage in three different wheel positions will provide most accurate test results.
15. Release traction pedal and shut engine off. Record
results of flow test.
16. If specification is not met, the tested wheel motor
needs to be repaired or replaced as necessary.
17. Test second front wheel motor. Reconnect hydraulic
lines to untested front wheel motor. Disconnect and cap
hydraulic lines to tested front wheel motor. Complete
steps 11 to 16 for the second front wheel motor.
18. If machine has 3 wheel drive, test rear wheel motor:
A. Both front wheel motors should have hydraulic
lines connected. Block up both front wheels off the
ground. Release parking brake so front wheels can
turn freely.
6. If machine has 3 wheel drive, block up the rear
wheel off the ground to allow flow through the rear wheel
motor.
B. Attach a heavy chain to the rear of the machine
frame and an immovable object to prevent the machine from moving during testing.
7. Chock front wheel being tested to prevent rotation
of the wheel. Make sure parking brake is on.
8. Disconnect hydraulic lines from front wheel motor
that is not being tested. Cap the disconnected hydraulic
lines and plug ports in wheel motor (see Special Tools).
C. Position rear wheel on the ground and chock
rear wheel to prevent it from turning.
9. Disconnect hose from the upper hydraulic fitting on
the side of the hydrostat.
10. Install flow tester in series with the pump and the
disconnected hose (same tester connections as TEST
NO. 1: Traction Drive Hydrostat (P3) Flow). Make sure
the tester flow control valve is fully open.
CAUTION
Use extreme caution when performing test. The
rear wheel will be trying to move the machine.
D. Complete steps 11 to 16.
19. Disconnect tester from hydraulic fitting and hose.
Reconnect hose to pump connection.
CAUTION
Use extreme caution when performing test. The
wheel being tested will be trying to move the machine.
11. Start engine and move throttle to full speed (2850 +
50 RPM).
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 25
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
Procedure for Wheel Motor Efficiency Check:
TEST NO. 3: Charge Relief Valve (R4) Pressure (Using Tester with Flowmeter and Pressure Gauges)
M5
TRACTION WHEEL MOTORS
M4
OPTIONAL
REAR WHEEL (3WD)
MOTOR
3WD
PUMP (P3)
CHARGE PORT
DUMP
VALVE
TOP
A
BOTTOM
B
FROM LIFT
CIRCUIT
TO REEL MOTOR
CIRCUIT
PRESSURE
GAUGE
R4
TO STEERING
AND LIFT
CIRCUITS
BLEED
VALVE
200–250
PSI
P3
ENGINE
RPM
P1
P2
HYDROSTAT
GEAR PUMP
High Pressure
Low Pressure
Return or Suction
Flow
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 26 Rev. A
Greensmaster 3150
Procedure for Charge Relief Valve (R4) Pressure
Check:
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting
units lowered. Make sure engine is off and the parking
brake is engaged. Make sure the hydraulic tank is full.
7. Shut off engine.
8. If specification is not met, remove hydrostat back
plate assembly that contains the charge relief valve (see
Piston Pump Service in the Service and Repairs section
of this chapter). Repair or replace relief valve components as necessary.
9. A dynamic charge pressure test can be performed
as follows:
A. With tester still connected, sit in the operator
seat and press the traction pedal to forward.
CAUTION
B. While machine is moving, monitor the charge
pressure reading on the pressure gauge.
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
C. The charge pressure should drop no more than
15% from initial test reading (Step 6 above). A pressure drop of more than 15% indicates a traction circuit leak (e.g. a worn or damaged hydrostat and/or
wheel motor). Further testing of the traction circuit
should be completed (see TESTS NO. 1 and 2).
3. Disconnect hydraulic hose from the fitting in the
charge port of piston pump P3 (traction pump section).
Connect T–fitting and pressure gauge to the fitting and
hose connection.
4. Make sure that traction pedal and lift control are in
neutral and the parking brake is engaged.
5. Start engine and operate at full speed (2850 + 50
RPM).
10. When testing is complete, disconnect pressure
gauge and T–fitting from the pump fitting and hose. Reconnect hose to the pump fitting.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 27
Hydraulic
System
6. Pressure gauge should read approximately 100 to
150 PSI (6.9 to 10.4 bar). Record test results.
Rev. A
Hydraulic System
TEST NO. 4: Gear Pump (P2) Flow and Implement Relief Valve (R5) Pressure (Using
Tester with Flowmeter and Pressure Gauges)
PUMP DISCHARGE FITTING
POWER STEERING VALVE
TO STEERING AND
LIFT CIRCUITS
TESTER
TO REEL MOTOR
CIRCUIT
P
R
TO TRACTION
CHARGE CIRCUIT
R5
TO LIFT
CIRCUIT
T
V1
L
P1
P2
E
ENGINE
RPM
FROM
HYDROSTAT
GEAR PUMP
High Pressure
Low Pressure
Return or Suction
Flow
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 28
Greensmaster 3150
Procedure for Gear Pump (P2) Flow Check:
3. Start and run engine at full speed (2850 + 50 RPM).
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
4. Watch the pressure gauge on the tester and move
the lift lever to the raise position. Momentarily hold the
lift lever with the cutting units fully raised causing the relief valve (R5) to open. Record pressure at which the relief valve (R5) opens.
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting
units lowered. Make sure engine is off and the parking
brake is engaged. Make sure the hydraulic tank is full.
5. Open control valve on tester and shut off engine.
CAUTION
3. Disconnect hydraulic hose from the discharge fitting
of gear pump (P2) (end pump section).
6. Implement relief valve (R5) pressure should be
1050 to 1250 PSI (72.5 to 86.3 bar) higher than the
charge relief valve (R4) pressure (e.g. if the charge relief valve pressure is 100 PSI, the implement relief valve
(R5) pressure should be 1150 to 1350 PSI).
4. Install tester in series with the gear pump and the
disconnected hose. Make sure that tester flow arrow
points from the pump discharge and toward the disconnected hose. Make sure flow control valve on the
tester is fully open.
7. If relief valve (R5) pressure is incorrect, inspect relief valve (R5) located in the steering control valve (see
Steering Control Valve Service in the Service and Repairs section of this Chapter). Clean or replace relief
valve as needed.
5. Make sure that traction pedal and lift control are in
neutral and the parking brake is engaged.
IMPORTANT: Hold steering wheel at full lock only
long enough to get a system pressure reading.
6. Operate engine at full speed (2850 + 50 RPM).
8. Relief Valve (R5) is also activated by the steering
system. With tester still connected to gear pump P2,
start engine and watch the pressure gauge. Turn the
steering wheel completely in one direction and hold. Relief valve (R5) should open just after rear wheel gets to
the full lock position. Relief pressure measured with the
steering system should be similar to results in step 5.
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
7. Watch flow and pressure gauges carefully while
slowly closing the flow control valve on the tester until
the pressure gauge reads 800 PSI (55.2 bar).
8. Minimum flow gauge reading should be 3.1 GPM.
Record test results.
9. Open control valve on tester and shut off engine.
10. If specification is not met, check for restriction in the
pump intake line. If no restriction is found, repair or replace gear pump (P2).
Note: Lower Cutting Units Relief Valve (R2) Pressure
can be measured with tester positioned as described in
this check (see TEST NO. 5 in this chapter).
9. If testing is complete, disconnect tester from the
pump and hose. Reconnect hose to the pump.
Procedure for Implement Relief Valve (R5) Pressure
Check:
CAUTION
Do not allow pressure to exceed 1400 PSI (82.8
bar).
1. Measure and record charge relief valve (R4) pressure (see TEST NO. 3: Charge Relief Valve (R4) Pressure Check in this chapter).
2. Use same tester connections as described above
(steps 3 and 4). Fully open control valve on the tester.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 29 Rev. C
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
Note: The implement relief valve (R5) is in series with
charge relief valve (R4). (R4) pressure will affect (R5)
pressure.
TEST NO. 5: Lower Cutting Units Relief Valve (R2) Pressure
S1
S3
S2
RIGHT
FRONT
S4
RELIEF
VALVE (R2)
TO AND FROM
REEL MOTORS
MA
S6
MANIFOLD BLOCK
MB
OPTIONAL
BACKLAP
VALVES
S6
RD1
ORIFICE
S4
.020
R2
S3
#3
L3B
LOWER
FC1
LC1
T
LIFT CYLINDERS
L3A
RAISE
.125
S2
#1
L1B
R1
#2
L2B
S1
25
PSI
L2A
REELS
P1
PT ST
FLOW
CONTROL
VALVE
P2
STEERING CONTROL VALVE
TO
TRACTION
CHARGE
CIRCUIT
P
TESTER
OIL
FILTER
OIL COOLER
(OPTIONAL KIT)
R
R5
T
P1
P2
V1
L
ENGINE RPM
E
FROM
HYDROSTAT
GEAR PUMP
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 30
High Pressure
Low Pressure
Return or Suction
Flow
Greensmaster 3150
Procedure for Lower Cutting Units Relief Valve (R2)
Pressure Check:
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting
units lowered. Make sure engine is off and the parking
brake is engaged. Make sure the hydraulic tank is full.
7. Watch pressure gauge carefully while moving the
Raise/Lower – Mow Control lever to the RAISE position.
Hold the control lever in the RAISE position until the relief valve opens. Release control lever and shut off engine. Record test results.
Note: The lower cutting units relief valve (R2) is in series with charge relief valve (R4). (R4) pressure will affect (R2) pressure.
8. The lower cutting units relief pressure (R2) should
be 300 PSI (21.0 bar) higher than charge relief (R4)
pressure (e.g. if charge relief valve pressure is 100 PSI,
the lower relief valve (R2) pressure should be 400 PSI).
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
3. Measure and record charge relief valve (R4) pressure (see TEST NO. 3: Charge Relief Valve (R4) Pressure in this chapter).
9. If relief valve (R2) pressure is incorrect, adjust relief
valve (R2) (See Adjust Manifold Relief Valves in the Adjustments section of this Chapter). Retest relief valve
pressure if adjustment is performed.
10. Reconnect the following electrical connections:
A. Disconnect the connectors for solenoids S3 and
S4 at the manifold block.
4. Use same tester connections as described in TEST
NO. 4: Gear Pump (P2) Flow and Implement Relief
Valve (R5) Pressure. Fully open control valve on the
tester.
Note: The lower function is electrically timed and automatically turns off after a few seconds. For this hydraulic test, it is necessary to reverse the lower/raise
functions so the hydraulic lower function can be
checked using the raise electrical circuit (without the
timer).
5. Change the following electrical connections to reverse the lower/raise function:
B. Connect male connector from solenoid S3 to the
female connector (blue/red and black), located on
the wiring harness, for solenoid S3.
C. Connect male connector from solenoid S4 to the
female connector (white/black and black), located
on the wiring harness, for solenoid S4.
11. If testing is complete, Disconnect test gauge from
gear pump and hose. Reconnect hose to hydraulic fitting on pump.
A. Disconnect the connectors for solenoids S3 and
S4 at the manifold block.
B. Connect male connector from solenoid S3 to the
female connector (white/black and black), located
on the wiring harness, for solenoid S4.
C. Connect male connector from solenoid S4 to the
female connector (blue/red and black), located on
the wiring harness, for solenoid S3.
6. Start engine and move throttle to full speed (2850 +
50 RPM). Engage the cutting units.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 31
Rev. C
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
CAUTION
TEST NO. 6: Gear Pump (P1) Flow (Using Tester with Flowmeter and Pressure Gauges)
PUMP (P1) OUTLET
TO HYDRAULIC MANIFOLD
TO HYDRAULIC MANIFOLD
TESTER
TO STEERING AND
LIFT CIRCUITS
ENGINE
RPM
P1
P2
GEAR PUMP
High Pressure
Low Pressure
FROM HYDROSTAT
Return or Suction
Flow
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 32
Greensmaster 3150
Procedure for Gear Pump (P1) Check:
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting
units lowered. Make sure engine is off and the parking
brake is engaged. Make sure the hydraulic tank is full.
CAUTION
Do not engage the cutting units when performing
this test.
7. Start engine and move throttle to full speed (2850 +
50 RPM).
8. Watch pressure gauge carefully while slowly closing the flow control valve on the tester until 2000 PSI
(138 bar) is obtained.
CAUTION
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
3. On gear pump (P1) (reel drive), disconnect the hose
that leads to port P1 on the hydraulic manifold.
4. Install tester in series with gear pump (P1) and the
disconnected hose. Make sure the flow control valve
on the tester is fully open.
5. If a backlap kit is installed on the machine, make
sure backlap knob on the manifold block is in the mow
position and reel speed is set to maximum.
9. Flow indication should be 5.8 GPM minimum. Record test results.
10. Open control valve on tester and shut off engine.
11. If flow was less than 5.8 GPM or a pressure of 2000
PSI (138 bar) cannot be obtained, check for restriction
in the pump intake line. If line is not restricted, remove
pump and repair or replace as necessary.
12. If testing is complete, disconnect tester from gear
pump and hose. Reconnect hose to the pump.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 33
Hydraulic
System
6. Make sure tester load valve is fully open before
starting the engine.
Hydraulic System
TEST NO. 7: Mow Circuit Relief Valve (R1) Pressure (Using Tester with Flowmeter and
Pressure Gauges)
TO LEFT
REEL MOTOR
TO AND FROM
REEL MOTORS
MA
MANIFOLD BLOCK
MB
S4
S6
RD1
OPTIONAL
VALVES
ORIFICE
D1
R2
L3B
S3
FC1
LC1
L3A
S2
T
.125
L1B
TO
HYDRAULIC
RESERVOIR
TO
AND
FROM
LIFT
CYLRS
R1
L2B
L2A
S1
REELS
PT
P1
ST
P2
FROM STEERING
CIRCUIT
FROM GEAR PUMP (P1)
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 34
High Pressure
Low Pressure
Return or Suction
Flow
Greensmaster 3150
Procedure for Mow Circuit Relief Valve (R1) Pressure Check:
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
1
FRONT
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting
units lowered. Make sure engine is off and the parking
brake is engaged. Make sure the hydraulic tank is full.
S6
CAUTION
2
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
3. Disconnect hose connection on the bulkhead that
leads to the left reel motor.
5. To prevent reel damage, temporarily adjust bedknife to allow clearance between bedknife and reel (no
contact).
6. If a backlap kit is installed, make sure backlap knob
on the hydraulic manifold is in the mow position. Make
sure reel speed knob (FC1) is set to highest speed setting (fully open).
Figure 11
1.
Hydraulic manifold
2.
Relief valve (R1)
10. Disengage cutting units. Open control valve on tester and shut off engine.
11. Disconnect tester from manifold and hose. Reconnect hose to the bulkhead connection.
Hydraulic
System
4. Install tester in series with the disconnected hose
and bulkhead connection. Make sure the flow control
valve on the tester is fully open.
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
12. Correctly readjust bedknife.
CAUTION
Keep away from reels during test to prevent personal injury from the rotating reel blades.
7. Start engine and move throttle to full speed (2850 +
50 RPM. Engage the cutting units.
8. Watch pressure gauge carefully while slowly closing the flow control valve on the tester to fully closed.
9. System pressure should be from 2160 to 2640 PSI
(149 to 182.2 bar). Note: If a dethatching kit is installed,
system pressure should be from 2700 to 3300 PSI
(186.3 to 227.7 bar). Record test results.
A. If specification is not met, shut off engine and adjust relief valve (R1) (Fig. 11) (see Adjust Man-
ifold Relief Valves in the Adjustments section of this Chapter). After adjustment, retest relief valve (R1) pressure. B. If this specification is met, go to step 10.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 35
Hydraulic System
TEST NO. 8: Reel Motor Case Drain Flow (Using Tester with Flowmeter and Pressure
Gauges)
RIGHT MOTOR
RETURN
LEFT MOTOR
RETURN
LEFT MOTOR
CASE DRAIN
RIGHT MOTOR
CASE DRAIN
REAR MOTOR
RETURN
REAR MOTOR
CASE DRAIN
M3
RIGHT
MOTOR
MEASURING
CONTAINER
M1
M2
REAR
MOTOR
LEFT
MOTOR
High Pressure
Low Pressure
FROM MANIFOLD
PORT MA
TO HYDRAULIC
RESERVOIR
Hydraulic System
TO MANIFOLD
PORT MB
Page 4 – 36
Return or Suction
Flow
Greensmaster 3150
Procedure for Reel Motor Case Drain Flow Check:
1. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes. Make sure the hydraulic tank is full.
2. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting
units lowered. Make sure engine is off and the parking
brake is engaged.
CAUTION
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
3. For the suspected bad reel motor, disconnect return
hose from motor.
4. Install tester in series with the reel motor and the disconnected return hose. Make sure the flow control
valve on the tester is fully open.
9. Use measuring container (Tool TOR4077: see Special Tools) to collect hydraulic fluid for 15 seconds.
10. Disengage cutting units by positioning functional
control lever to NEUTRAL position. Open control valve
on tester and stop the engine.
11. Measure the amount of oil collected in the container.
Divide the number of ounces collected by 32 to get gallons per minute (divide the number of milliliters collected
by 250 to get liters per minute) (use chart in Fig.12). Record test results.
12. If flow was greater than 0.25 GPM (1.0 LPM), repair
or replace the reel motor as necessary.
13. Disconnect tester from motor and return hose. Reconnect hose to the pump.
14. Remove plug from bulkhead fitting. Reconnect case
drain hose to the bulkhead fitting. Test other reel motors
as needed.
5. If a back lap kit is installed, make sure backlap knob
on the hydraulic manifold is in the mow position and reel
speed is set to maximum.
Hydraulic
System
6. Disconnect hose from case drain of the motor to be
tested at the bulkhead fitting.
A. Plug the bulkhead port.
B. Put case drain hose into measuring container
(tool TOR4077: see Special Tools) to collect and
measure case drain leakage.
7. One person should sit on the seat and operate the
machine while another person reads the tester and
measures case drain leakage. Make sure functional
control lever is in NEUTRAL. Start engine and move the
throttle to full speed (2850 + 50 RPM).
Figure 12
CAUTION
Keep away from reels during test to prevent personal injury from the rotating reel blades.
8. Engage reels by positioning the functional control
lever to MOW position. While watching pressure
gauges, slowly close flow control valve on the tester until
a pressure of 1000 PSI (69 bar) is obtained.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 37
Hydraulic System
TEST NO. 9: Steering Control Valve
STEERING CYLINDER
(CYLINDER ROD
FULLY EXTENDED)
P
PLUG
R
R5
V1
T
L
POWER
STEERING
VALVE (LEFT TURN)
E
High Pressure
Low Pressure
Return or Suction
Flow
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 38
Greensmaster 3150
Procedure for Steering Control Valve Check:
1. Make sure the hydraulic tank is full.
2. Make sure hydraulic oil is at normal operating temperature by operating the machine for approximately 10
minutes.
3. Drive machine slowly in a figure eight on a flat level
surface.
REMOVE
THIS HOSE
A. There should be no shaking or vibration in the
steering wheel or rear wheel.
Figure 13
B. Steering wheel movements should be followed
immediately by a corresponding rear wheel movement without the steering wheel continuing to turn.
A. The steering wheel must go back immediately to
the neutral position.
B. The steering wheel should not continue to turn.
Note: The steering wheel must be able to turn with no
more than 45 in–lb (5.1 Nm) of torque.
5. Perform the Implement Relief Valve (R5) Pressure
and Gear Pump (P2) Flow tests to make sure that relief
valve and gear pump are functioning correctly.
Note: This steering test procedure will be affected by
incorrect rear tire pressure, binding in the hydraulic
steering cylinder, extra weight on the vehicle, and/or
binding of the steering fork assembly. Make sure that
these items are checked before proceeding with any hydraulic testing procedure.
6. If either of these performance tests indicate a steering problem, determine if the steering cylinder is faulty
using the following procedure.
CAUTION
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
D. Read Precautions for Hydraulic Testing.
E. Remove hydraulic hose from the 90o fitting on the
rod end of the steering cylinder. Plug the end of the
hose.
F. With the engine off, continue turning the steering
wheel to the left (counterclockwise) with the steering
cylinder fully extended. Observe the open fitting on
the steering cylinder as the steering wheel is turned.
If oil comes out of the fitting while turning the steering
wheel to the left, the steering cylinder has internal
leakage and must be repaired or replaced.
G. Remove plug from the hydraulic hose. Reconnect hose to the steering cylinder fitting.
7. If steering problem exists and steering cylinder
tested acceptably, steering control valve requires service (see Steering Control Valve and Steering Control
Valve Service).
A. Park machine on a level surface with the cutting
units lowered and off. Make sure engine is off and the
parking brake is engaged.
B. Turn the steering wheel all the way to the left
(counterclockwise) so the steering cylinder rod is fully extended.
C. Turn engine off.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 39
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
4. Stop the unit with the engine running. Turn steering
wheel with small quick movements in both directions.
Let go of the steering wheel after each movement.
Adjustments
Adjust Manifold Relief Valves (R1 and R2)
These relief valves are installed on the hydraulic manifold. Relief valve (R1) is in the mow circuit and relief
valve (R2) is the lower cutting units relief.
WARNING
CAP
Never adjust the relief valve with the hydraulic
system pressurized. Hydraulic oil may spray out
of the valve with the cap off. Personal injury may
result. Always install the cap and tighten before
pressurizing the system.
1. Locate relief valve and remove cap from valve.
ADJUSTMENT
HEX SOCKET
Note: An 1/8–turn of the adjustment socket is about
50 psi (3.5 bar), or 1 turn is about 400 psi (27.6 bar).
2. To increase pressure setting, turn the adjustment
socket inside the valve 1/8 of a turn clockwise.
3. To decrease pressure setting, turn the adjustment
socket inside the valve 1/8 of a turn counterclockwise.
Figure 14
4. Install and tighten cap to valve. After adjustment, retest pressure setting (see TESTING).
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 40
Greensmaster 3150
Service and Repairs
General Precautions for Removing and Installing Hydraulic System Components
Before Repair or Replacement of Components
After Repair or Replacement of Components
1. Before removing any parts from the hydraulic system, park machine on a level surface, engage parking
brake, lower cutting units or attachments, and stop engine. Remove key from the ignition switch
1. Check oil level in the hydraulic reservoir and add correct oil if necessary. Drain and refill hydraulic system
reservoir, and change oil filter if component failure was
severe or system is contaminated (see Flush Hydraulic
System).
CAUTION
Operate all hydraulic controls to relieve system
pressure and avoid injury from pressurized hydraulic oil. Controls must be operated with the
ignition switch in RUN and the engine OFF. Make
sure all electrically operated control valves are
actuated. Return ignition switch to OFF when
pressure has been relieved. Remove key from
the ignition switch.
3. Put caps or plugs on any hydraulic lines, hydraulic fittings, and components left open or exposed to prevent
contamination.
2. Lubricate O–rings and seals with clean hydraulic oil
before installing hydraulic components.
3. Make sure caps or plugs are removed from the hydraulic tubes, hydraulic fittings, and components before
reconnecting.
4. Use proper tightening methods when installing hydraulic hoses and fittings (see Hydraulic Fitting Installation).
5. After repairs, check control linkages or cables for
proper adjustment, binding, or broken parts.
6. After disconnecting or replacing any hydraulic components, operate machine functions slowly until air is
out of system (see Charge Hydraulic System).
7. Check for hydraulic oil leaks. Shut off engine and correct leaks if necessary. Check oil level in hydraulic reservoir and add correct oil if necessary.
4. Put labels on disconnected hydraulic lines and
hoses for proper installation after repairs are completed.
5. Note the position of hydraulic fittings (especially elbow fittings) on hydraulic components before removal.
Mark parts if necessary to make sure they will be aligned
properly when reinstalling hydraulic hoses and tubes.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 41
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
2. Clean machine before disconnecting, removing, or
disassembling any hydraulic components. Make sure
hydraulic components, hoses connections, and fittings
are cleaned thoroughly. Always keep in mind the need
for cleanliness when working on hydraulic equipment.
Gear Pump
1
7
13
14
Antiseize
Lubricant
27 to 31 ft–lb
(37 to 42 Nm)
11
12
2
8
5
4
3
9
10
6
15
Figure 15
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Pump inlet hose
Gear pump
Hydraulic fitting
Hydraulic fitting
O–ring
Hydraulic System
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
O–ring
Hose clamp
O–ring
O–ring
Hydraulic hose
Page 4 – 42
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
O–ring
Hydrostat
Hex socket screw
Flat washer
Hydraulic hose
Greensmaster 3150
Installation (Fig. 15)
Removal (Fig. 15)
1. Make sure mounting and O–ring sealing surfaces
on the gear pump and hydrostat are clean.
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with General Precautions for Removing
and Installing Hydraulic System Components.
1. Before removing any parts from the hydraulic system, park machine on a level surface, engage parking
brake, lower cutting units, and stop engine.
2. Clamp pump inlet hose to prevent draining the hydraulic tank.
3. Label all hose connections for reassembly purposes.
4. Loosen hose clamp, and remove pump inlet hose
from the gear pump. Allow hydraulic oil to drain from
hose into a suitable container.
5. Remove hydraulic hoses and O–rings from hydraulic fittings. Allow hydraulic oil to drain from hoses into a
suitable container.
IMPORTANT: Note position of hydraulic fittings for
reassembly purposes.
2. Replace all O–rings with new ones. Apply clean hydraulic oil to all O–rings.
3. Place O–ring on the gear pump.
4. Apply antiseize lubricant to gear pump shaft splines.
5. Position gear pump to the hydrostat so that the
pump inlet is facing up.
6. Secure gear pump to the hydrostat with both hex
socket head screws and flat washers. Torque screws
from 27 to 31 ft–lb (37 to 42 Nm).
7. Inspect threads and sealing surfaces of hydraulic fittings and hydraulic hose connectors. Replace any damaged or worn fittings or connectors.
8. Install O–rings into gear pump. Install fittings and
tighten to positions noted during removal.
9. Secure pump inlet hose and hose clamp to the gear
pump. Tighten hose clamp.
10. Remove clamp from pump inlet hose to allow hydraulic oil flow to the gear pump.
6. Remove hydraulic fittings and O–rings from the
gear pump.
7. Support gear pump. Separate gear pump from the
hydrostat by removing both hex socket head screws and
flat washers. Remove O–ring from between the gear
pump and hydrostat.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 43
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
CAUTION
Gear Pump Service
11
1
8
17
12 18
10
21
9
20
5
3
12
6
14
16
13
12
19
8
10
9
7
2
12
4
Figure 16
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Front plate
Back plate
Front body
Back body
Drive gear
Front idler gear
Back idler gear
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Back–up gasket
Wear plate
Pressure seal
Cap screw
O–ring
Adapter plate
Key
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
Not used
Back gear
Washer
Plug
Suction fitting
Washer
Shaft seal
Note: For repair of the gear pump, see Eaton Gear
Pumps, Repair Information, Series 26, Model 26000,
Multiple Gear Pumps at the end of this chapter.
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 44
Greensmaster 3150
Hydraulic System Start–up
CAUTION
Be careful when operating the cutting unit reels.
Contact with the reel or other moving parts can
result in personal injury.
1. After the hydraulic system components have been
properly installed and if the traction pump was rebuilt or
replaced, make sure traction pump housing is at least
half full of clean hydraulic oil.
9. After the hydraulic system starts to show signs of fill,
accomplish the following:
2. Make sure all hydraulic connections and lines are
secured tightly.
A. If a reel motor was replaced or rebuilt, run the
cutting units at the minimum speed setting (under
no load) for 10 minutes in both directions.
3. Make sure hydraulic reservoir is full. Add correct oil
if necessary (see Check Hydraulic System Fluid). Drain,
flush, and refill hydraulic system reservoir and change
oil filter if component failure was severe or system is
contaminated.
B. If a reel motor drive pump was replaced or rebuilt, run the cutting units at the minimum speed setting (under no load) for 10 minutes.
C. If a traction pump or a wheel motor was replaced
or rebuilt, run the traction unit so the wheels slowly
turn for 10 minutes.
4. Disconnect electrical connector to the fuel stop solenoid to prevent the engine from starting.
5. After repairs, check control linkage for proper adjustment, binding, or broken parts.
10. Operate the traction unit and cutting unit by gradually increasing their work load to full over a 10 minute period.
6. Make sure traction pedal is in neutral and the cutting unit switch is off. Turn ignition key switch; engage
starter for fifteen (15) seconds to the prime pump.
11. Stop the machine. Check reservoir and fill if necessary. Check hydraulic components for leaks and tighten
any loose connections.
7. Reconnect electrical connector to the fuel stop solenoid.
8. Make sure traction pedal is in neutral and the cutting unit switch is off. Start engine and run it at low idle.
The charge pump should pick up oil and fill the hydraulic
system. If there is no indication of fill in 30 seconds, stop
the engine and determine the cause.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 45
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
Note: When initially starting the hydraulic system with
new or rebuilt components such as motors, pumps, or
lift cylinders, it is important that this start–up procedure
be used. This procedure reduces the chance of damaging the system or its components from not purging the
system of air.
Hydrostatic Transmission
1
13 14
7
19
11
2
18
12
16
17
20
8
5
44
45
4
9
3
21
10
6
46
22
47
23
24
25
43
26
27
28
15
35
42
32
31
36
41
40
37
34
39
27 to 31 ft–lb
(37 to 42 Nm)
38
25
33
Antiseize
Lubricant
30
29
Figure 17
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Pump inlet hose
Gear pump
90o hydraulic fitting
90o hydraulic fitting
O–ring
O–ring
Hose clamp
O–ring
O–ring
Hose assembly
O–ring
Hydrostat
Socket head screw
Flat washer
Hose assembly
O–ring
Hydraulic System
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
90o
hydraulic fitting
O–ring
Hose assembly
Hose assembly
Key
Lock nut
Square head set screw
Pump hub
Coupling spacer
Drive coupling
Flat washer
Cap screw
Lock nut
Engine hub
Flat washer
Cap screw
Page 4 – 46
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
Flat washer
Lock washer
Cap screw
O–ring
Support clamp
Cap screw
Flat washer
Tube assembly
O–ring
90o hydraulic fitting
O–ring
Hose assembly
O–ring
45o hydraulic fitting
O–ring
Greensmaster 3150
Removal (Fig. 17)
3
1. Before removing any parts from the hydraulic system, park machine on a level surface, engage parking
brake, lower cutting units, and stop engine.
4
2
1
CAUTION
Use caution when removing the lock nut from the
pin. The extension spring is under tension and
may cause personal injury during removal.
Note: The neutral system assembly can be removed
from the hydrostat without complete disassembly.
5
Figure 18
1.
2.
3.
Extension spring
Dampener hose
Spring bracket
4.
5.
2. Disconnect the extension spring (1) and damper (2)
from the spring bracket and the neutral arm (Fig. 18).
6
6
3. Remove the cap screw and pivot washer from camplate shaft of hydrostat (Fig. 19).
Adapter plate
Neutral arm
5
1
2
4. Remove both cap screws securing the cable support assembly to the hydrostat (Fig. 19).
3
5. Lift and secure the neutral system assembly up and
away from the hydrostat.
Hydraulic
System
4
CAUTION
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with General Precautions for Removing
and Installing Hydraulic System Components.
6. Label all hose connections for reassembly purposes.
Figure 19
1.
2.
3.
Cap screw
Pivot washer
Pump lever assembly
4.
5.
6.
Hydrostat
Cable support assembly
Cap screw
7. Clamp pump inlet hose (1) to prevent draining the
hydraulic reservoir (Fig. 17).
8. Separate gear pump from the hydrostat (see Hydraulic Gear Pump Removal).
9. Plug suction port at the end of the gear pump to prevent possible leakage of hydraulic fluid (Fig. 20).
10. Pull gear pump (2) and connected hoses assemblies (10 and 15) away from the hydrostat (12) and secure (Fig. 17).
11. Remove hose assemblies (19, 20, and 44) and O–
rings (18, 36, and 45) from the hydraulic fittings. Allow
hoses to drain into a suitable container.
SUCTION PORT
Figure 20
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 47
Hydraulic System
12. Loosen both set screws (23) on the pump hub (24)
enough to allow the hydrostat shaft to be removed.
IMPORTANT: Failure to remove the plug will cause
excessive pressure in the hydrostat and damage
seals.
8. Remove plug from the suction port on the gear
pump (Fig. 20).
CAUTION
Support the hydrostat when removing its supporting fasteners to prevent it from falling and
causing personal injury.
9. Install gear pump to the hydrostat (see Hydraulic
Gear Pump Installation).
10. Remove clamp from pump inlet hose (1).
13. Remove both cap screws (35), lock washers (34),
and flat washers (33).
14. Separate hydrostat from the pump adapter and
pump hub (24). Remove key (21) from the hydrostat
shaft.
Installation (Fig. 17)
1. Make sure the inside of the pump hub (24) is clean.
Apply antiseize lubricant to both the hydrostat (12) shaft
and the inside of the pump hub.
2. Coat key (21) with petroleum jelly and insert it into
the hydrostat shaft. Position hydrostat to the pump
adapter and pump hub (24). Slide the shaft into the hub
with the key.
11. Install the neutral system cable support assembly to
the hydrostat with cap screws (6) (Fig. 19). Torque
screws from 27 to 31 ft–lb (37 to 42 Nm).
12. Position pump lever assembly onto the hydrostat
camplate shaft and install the cap screw (1) and pivot
washer (2) securing the pump lever assembly (Fig. 19)
13. Connect the extension spring (1) and damper (2) to
the spring bracket and the neutral arm (Fig. 18).
14. Check neutral position of the traction pedal. If adjustment is required, see Adjust Transmission for Neutral in the Traction Unit Owners Manual.
3. Secure the hydrostat to the pump adapter with both
cap screws (35), lock washers (34), and flat washers
(33). Torque screws from 27 to 31 ft–lb (37 to 42 Nm).
4. Tighten both set screws (23) on the pump hub (24).
5. Inspect threads and sealing surfaces of hydraulic fittings and hydraulic hose connectors. Replace any damaged or worn fittings or connectors.
6. Lubricate all new O–rings with clean hydraulic fluid.
7. Install O–rings (18, 36, and 45) and hose assemblies (19, 20, and 44).
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 48
Greensmaster 3150
Piston Pump Service
36
19
17
37
21
20
41
44
43
23
18
40
42
14
45
REAR
OF TRACTION UNIT
22
16
15
15
4
24
8
9
27
49
48
46
47
13
26
28
12
11
5
Parts not listed in
partlist are not
serviced separately.
7
6
8
29
3
4
2
1
14
24
39
6
19
30
31
7
32
31
35
16
34
33
20
36
37
6
12
17
20
27
30
34
35
36
37
25
28
30
4
Figure 21
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
Key
Drive shaft
Bearing
Cap screw
Cover plate
O–ring
Shim kit (for crush ring replacement)
Bearing cone
Key
Camplate
Rotating kit
Gasket
Valve plate
Bearing
Dowel pin
Back plate
O–ring
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
Check valve
Dump valve
O–ring
Cap screw
Cap screw
Coupler
Roll pin
Cover plate
Camplate insert
Shaft seal
Washer
Housing
Retaining ring
Bearing race
Thrust bearing
Washer
Note: For repair of the piston pump, see Eaton, Medium Duty Piston Pump, Repair Information, Model
70160 Variable Displacement Piston Pump at the end of
this chapter.
Greensmaster 3150
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
Shaft seal
Retaining ring
Retaining ring
O–ring
O–ring
Seal kit
O–ring
Charge relief housing
Charge relief poppet (R4)
Charge relief spring
Washer
Retaining ring
Bleed–off valve poppet
Bleed–off spring
O–ring
Cartridge
IMPORTANT: The shims (7) are used to replace a
crush ring in the cover plate (25). If the camplate
(10), cover plate (25), or housing (29) is replaced
during servicing, the old crush ring must be replaced using the procedure (Piston Pump Crush
Ring Replacement) on the following page in conjunction with the pump service manual.
Page 4 – 49
Rev. A
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
10
4
5
8
7
29 ft–lb
(39 Nm)
2
3
9
v
10
6
1
Figure 22
1.
2.
3.
4.
Crush ring
Shims
Cover plate
Housing
5.
6.
7.
Camplate (control shaft)
Bearing cone
Bearing cup
Piston Pump Crush Ring Replacement (Fig. 22)
Note: The shims replace the crush ring in the cover
plate. If the camplate, cover plate, or housing is replaced
during servicing of the pump, the old crush ring can not
be used to make sure of proper preload.
5. Install washers and cap screws to the cover plate
and housing. Torque cap screws to 29 ft–lbs (39 Nm).
6. Check torque required to rotate control shaft.
Torque should be 5 to 15 in–lbs (0.6 to 1.7 Nm).
A. If torque is too low, add additional shims and repeat steps 3 through 6 until the specified torque is
achieved.
1. Remove crush ring from the cover plate. Measure
thickness of crush ring.
B. If torque is too high, remove shims and repeat
steps 3 through 6 until the specified torque is
achieved.
2. Stack shims to the thickness of the crush ring.
3. Insert shims into the cover plate in the same location
that the crush ring was removed from.
4. Assemble housing sub assembly consisting of the
housing, camplate, bearing cone, bearing cup, and cover plate (see Eaton, Medium Duty Piston Pump, Repair
Information, Model 70160 Variable Displacement Piston
Pump at the end of this chapter).
Hydraulic System
8. O–ring
9. Washers
10. Cap screws
7. Complete assembly of the pump (see pump service
manual at the end of this chapter).
Page 4 – 50
Rev. B
Greensmaster 3150
Wheel Motors
4
250 to 400 ft–lb
(339 to 542 Nm)
3
24
6
12
5
7
11
15
30
1
16
9
2
8
13
18
14
17
12
19
70 to 90 ft–lb
(95 to122 Nm)
20
26
29
10
Antiseize
Lubricant
23
28
FRONT
22
21
25
31
32
27
Figure 23
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Lug nut
Tire
Rim
Valve stem
Brake drum
Wheel hub
Drive stud
Backing plate
Brake cam
Retaining ring
Return spring
Greensmaster 3150
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
Brake shoe
Woodruff key
Brake bracket
Hydraulic hose
Hydraulic hose
45o hydraulic fitting
O–ring
O–ring
Hydraulic motor
Flat washer
Brake rod
Page 4 – 51
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
Brake lever
Lock nut
Jam nut
Cap screw
Cap screw
Lock nut
Lock nut
Cap screw
Swivel clevis
Lock nut
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
RIGHT
Front Wheel Motor Removal (Fig. 23)
Front Wheel Motor Installation (Fig. 23)
1. Before removing any parts from the hydraulic system, park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, lower the cutting units, and stop the engine.
1. Position hydraulic wheel motor (20) to the frame.
Make sure ports of motor face the rear of the machine.
Secure motor and brake bracket (14) to the frame with
four cap screws (30), and lock nuts (32).
2. Remove caps or plugs from the hydraulic wheel motor (20). Lubricate new O–rings (19) with clean hydraulic
fluid. Install O–rings and hydraulic fittings (17) to the motor and tighten.
CAUTION
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with General Precautions for Removing
and Installing Hydraulic System Components.
2. Chock front and rear of wheels not being lifted to
prevent the machine from moving. Lift front wheel off the
ground using a jack, and place blocks beneath the
frame.
3. Remove lug nuts (1), tire (2), and rim (3) from drive
studs (7). Loosen but do not remove lock nut (24) from
hydraulic wheel motor (20) shaft.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT hit wheel hub (6) with a hammer during removal or installation. Hammering may
cause damage to the hydraulic wheel motor (20).
Note: The brake drum assembly consists of the wheel
hub (6), brake drum (3), and drive stud (7).
4. Use wheel hub puller (see Special Tools) to free
wheel hub assembly from motor shaft. Do not disassemble. Remove lock nut (24) and key (13) from the hydraulic wheel motor (20) shaft.
5. Remove retaining clip (10) from the brake cam (9)
and brake lever (23). Separate lever from cam.
Note: The brake assembly consists of return spring
(11), brake cam (9), brake shoes (12), backing plate (8),
and retaining ring (10).
6. Remove brake assembly from the brake bracket
(14) by removing four cap screws (26) and lock nuts (29)
from the backing plate (8) and brake bracket. Do not disassemble.
3. Lubricate new O–rings (18) with clean hydraulic
fluid. Install O–rings and hose assemblies (15 or 16) to
the hydraulic fittings (17). Tighten hose connections.
Note: The brake assembly consists of return spring
(11), brake cam (9), brake shoes (12), backing plate (8),
and retaining ring (10).
4. Install brake assembly to the brake bracket (14) by
securing the backing plate (8) to the brake bracket with
four cap screws (26) and lock nuts (29).
5. Secure brake lever (23) to the brake cam (9) with the
retaining clip (10).
IMPORTANT: DO NOT hit wheel hub (6) with a hammer during removal or installation. Hammering may
cause damage to the hydraulic wheel motor (20).
Note: The brake drum assembly consists of the wheel
hub (6), brake drum (3), and drive stud (7).
6. Place antiseize lubricant on woodruff key (13) and
inside of the wheel hub (6). Install key (13) to the hydraulic wheel motor (20) shaft. Slide brake drum assembly
onto the motor shaft.
7. Secure lock nut (24) to the hydraulic wheel motor
(20) shaft. Torque nut from 250 to 400 ft–lb (339 to 542
Nm).
8. Install the tire (2), and rim (3), to the brake drum assembly. Secure rim with lug nuts (1). Torque nuts from
70 to 90 ft–lb (95 to 122 Nm).
7. Label all connections for reassembly purposes.
8. Disconnect both hose assemblies (15 or 16) and O–
rings (18) from the both hydraulic fittings (17). Allow
hoses to drain into a suitable container.
9. Remove hydraulic fittings (17) and O–rings (19)
from the hydraulic wheel motor (20).
10. Remove four cap screws (30), and lock nuts (32)
from brake bracket (14) and hydraulic wheel motor (20).
Remove motor from the frame.
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 52
Rev. A
Greensmaster 3150
18
4
1
29
6
5
7
8
85 ft–lb
(115 Nm)
4
26
17
21
22
2
16
3
22
9
5
25
19
20
12 11
31
30
23
30 ft–lb
(41 Nm)
15
10
80 to 100 in–lb
(9.0 to 11.3 Nm)
24
FRONT
70 to 90 ft–lb
(95 to122 Nm)
13
RIGHT
28
Figure 24
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Lock nut
Spacer
Grommet
Hose assembly
Washer
Castor fork
Bearing tab
Lock nut
Bearing flangette (lube)
Bearing
Bearing flangette
Greensmaster 3150
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
Cap screw
Lock nut
Wheel motor & hub assembly
Adapter
Cap screw
Bracket
Flat washer
Hose assembly
Tube assembly
Clamp
Page 4 – 53
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
Cap screw
O–ring
O–ring
O–ring
O–ring
Set screw
Wheel assembly
Lock nut
Lug nut
Grease fitting
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
14
27
Rear Wheel Motor (Optional 3WD) Removal (Fig. 24)
1. Before removing any parts from the hydraulic system, park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, lower the cutting units, and stop the engine.
Rear Wheel Motor (Optional 3WD) Installation (Fig.
24)
Note: For assembly of the hub to the rear wheel motor,
see Rear Wheel (Optional 3WD) Assembly instructions
in Chapter 6 – Wheels and Brakes.
1. Make sure grease fitting (31) is removed from the
hydraulic motor and hub assembly (14).
CAUTION
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with General Precautions for Removing
and Installing Hydraulic System Components.
2. Chock both front wheels to prevent the machine
from moving. Lift rear wheel off the ground using a jack,
and place blocks beneath the frame. Secure the rear
wheel off the ground.
3. Label hoses for reassembly. Remove both hose assemblies (4) and O–rings (23) from the hydraulic fittings
at the hydraulic motor and hub assembly (14). Allow
hoses to drain into a suitable container.
2. Secure wheel assembly (28) to the four drive studs
of the hydraulic motor and hub assembly with four lug
nuts (30). Torque nuts from 70 to 90 ft–lb (95 to 122
Nm).
3. Reinstall grease fitting (31) onto hydraulic motor
and hub assembly so it points away from the wheel.
4. Slide flangette (11), bearing (10), and relube flangette (9) onto the motor shaft.
5. Position hydraulic motor and hub assembly, flangettes with bearing, and wheel into the castor fork (6).
Make sure hose fittings on the motor face rearward.
6. Secure hydraulic motor and hub assembly loosely
to the inside of the castor fork with both socket head
screws (16), flat washers (18), and lock nuts (29).
CAUTION
Support wheel and motor and hub assembly during removal to prevent dropping and causing
personal injury.
7. Secure flangettes with bearing loosely to the inside
of the castor fork with cap screws (12), bearing tab (7),
and lock nuts (8).
A. Position grease fitting on flangette downward.
4. Remove wheel (28) and hydraulic motor and hub
assembly from the castor fork (6) as follows:
B. Torque socket head screws (16) to 85 ft–lb (115
Nm).
A. Remove cap screws (12) and lock nuts (8) securing flangettes (9 and 11) and bearing tab (8).
C. Torque cap screws (12) to 30 ft–lb (41 Nm).
B. Remove both socket head screws (16), flat
washers (18), and lock nuts (29).
8. Apply loctite to both set screws (27). Torque set
screws from 80 to 100 in–lb (9.0 to 11.3 Nm).
C. Lower wheel and hydraulic motor and hub assembly from the castor fork.
9. Install hose both assemblies (4) and new O–rings
(23) to the hydraulic fittings at the hydraulic motor and
hub assembly.
5. Loosen both set screws (27) on bearing (10). Slide
flangettes and bearing off the motor shaft.
6. Remove grease fitting (31) from the hydraulic motor
and hub assembly. Remove four lug nuts (30) and wheel
assembly from the hub drive studs.
Note: For disassembly of the hub from the rear wheel
motor, see Rear Wheel (Optional 3WD) Disassembly instructions in Chapter 6 – Wheels and Brakes.
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 54
Greensmaster 3150
Wheel Motor Service
12 13
11
10
3
1
4
5
6
7
8
9 8
14
2
15
16
17
24
5
23
Parts not listed in
partlist are not
serviced separately.
19, 20, 21
26
15, 16, 23
22
Hydraulic
System
25
5
5
27
28
21
20
1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 15
19
5
2, 3, 8, 9, 10
18
Figure 25
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Dirt seal
Bearing
Housing
Back–up washer
Seal rings
Back–up washer
Inner seal
Thrust washer
Thrust bearing
Bearing
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Coupling shaft
Thrust bearing
Drive link
Cap screw
Commutator seal
Commutator
Woodruff key
Wear plate
Rotor
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
Vane
Stator
Manifold
Commutator ring
End cover
Rotor set
Commutator assembly
Seal kit
Housing assembly
Note: For repair of the wheel motors, see the Ross
Torqmotor TM MG, MF, MP, MB, ME, and MJ Series Service Procedure (Service Manual 2704–003) at the end
of this chapter.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 55
Hydraulic System
Flush Hydraulic System
IMPORTANT: Flush the hydraulic system any time
there is a severe component failure or the system is
contaminated (oil appears milky or black or contains metal particles).
10. Start engine and let it idle at low speed for a minimum 2 minutes. Increase engine speed to high idle for
minimum of 1 minute under no load.
11. Raise and lower cutting units several times.
IMPORTANT: Flush hydraulic system when changIng from petroleum base hydraulic fluid. Operate
machine under normal operating conditions for at
least four (4) hours before draining.
12. Shut off engine and check for hydraulic oil leaks.
Check oil level in hydraulic reservoir and add correct oil
if necessary.
1. Park machine on a level surface. Lower cutting
units, stop engine, and engage parking brake.
13. Operate the machine for 2 hours under normal operating conditions.
14. Check condition of hydraulic oil. If the flushing fluid
shows any signs of contamination, or if you are changing
to biodegradable fluid, repeat steps 1 through 14 again.
CAUTION
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with General Precautions for Removing
and Installing Hydraulic System Components.
15. Assume normal operation and follow recommended maintenance intervals.
2. Clean area around hydrostat and pump inlet hose.
Clamp pump inlet hose. Remove inlet hose from hydrostat, release clamp, and drain reservoir into a suitable
container. Drain hydraulic system while making sure lift
cylinders, hoses, tube lines, and all other components
are drained from low points while the system is warm.
Discard filter (Fig. 26).
PUMP INLET HOSE
3. Clean oil filter mounting area. Remove filter and
drain into a suitable container. Discard filter (Fig. 27).
4. Inspect and clean reservoir (see Inspecting Reservoir Parts).
Figure 26
5. Make sure filter mounting surface is clean. Apply hydraulic oil to gasket on the new filter. Screw filter on until
gasket contacts mounting plate, then tighten filter half a
turn.
Note: Use only hydraulic fluids (including biodegradable) specified in the Traction Unit Operator’s Manual.
Other fluids could cause system damage.
6. Reconnect all hydraulic hoses and lines that were
disconnected prior to draining. Fill hydraulic reservoir.
7. Disconnect both engine spark plug wires at the
spark plugs.
8. Turn ignition key switch; engage starter for 10 seconds to the prime pump. Repeat this step again.
HYDRAULIC OIL FILTER
Figure 27
9. Connect both engine spark plug wires to the spark
plugs.
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 56
Greensmaster 3150
Reel Motors
FRONT
RIGHT
LEFT REEL MOTOR
3
2
12
11
13
4
9
8
6
10
5
23
19
1
24
7
18
24
25
30
29 30
17
26
15
14
16
12
20
11
6
13
31
28
25
BULKHEAD DETAIL
5
6
6
22
5
5
7
7
21
7
1
RIGHT REEL MOTOR
1
10
9
8
CENTER REEL MOTOR
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Reel motor
Hose assembly
Hose assembly
Hose assembly
90o hydraulic fitting
O–ring
O–ring
Straight hydraulic fitting
O–ring
O–ring
90o hydraulic fitting
Greensmaster 3150
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
Figure 28
O–ring
O–ring
Straight hydraulic fitting
O–ring
O–ring
Hose assembly
Hose assembly
Hose assembly
Hose assembly
Hose assembly
Page 4 – 57
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
Hose assembly
90o hydraulic fitting
O–ring
Washer
Spacer
Grommet
Bulkhead nut
Tee hydraulic fitting
O–ring
Bulkhead nut
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
27
Removal (Fig. 28)
Installation (Fig. 28)
1. Before removing any parts from the hydraulic system, park machine on a level surface, engage parking
brake, lower cutting units, and stop engine.
1. Inspect threads and sealing surfaces of fittings. Replace any worn or damaged fittings.
2. Apply clean hydraulic oil to all O–rings.
CAUTION
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with General Precautions for Removing
and Installing Hydraulic System Components.
3. Place O–ring on the face seal of a hydraulic fitting.
Secure fitting to the reel motor. Make sure that the match
marks are aligned. Repeat this step for the remaining fittings.
4. Inspect threads and sealing surfaces of connections. Replace any worn or damaged connections.
2. Remove reel motor from the cutting unit (see Chapters 7, 8, 9, or 10 – Cutting Units in this manual).
5. Install reel motor to the cutting unit (see Cutting Unit
Removal and Installation in Chapter 7– Cutting Units).
Note: The position of hydraulic fittings on the reel motor is critical to properly reconnecting hydraulic hoses.
6. Secure hose connection to the proper hydraulic fitting on the reel motor. Repeat this step for the remaining
hose connections.
3. Label all hose connections for reassembly purposes. Matchmark reel motor and all hydraulic fittings
for reassembly purposes.
4. Remove hose connections from the hydraulic fittings on the reel motor. Allow hydraulic oil to drain from
hoses into a suitable container. Put caps or plugs on
ends of hoses to prevent contamination.
5. Remove hydraulic fittings and O–rings from the reel
motor. Put caps or plugs in motor openings to prevent
contamination.
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 58
Greensmaster 3150
Reel Motor Service
33 to 40 ft–lb
(45 to 55 Nm)
10
1
6
5
7
9
Hydraulic
System
8
7
2
5
6
11
3
4
Figure 29
1.
2.
3.
4.
Rear cover
Drive gear
Seal
Tab washer
5.
6.
7.
8.
Pressure seal
Back–up ring
O–ring
Body
9. Idler gear
10. Cap screw
11. Front flange
Disassembly
DIAGONAL MARK
1. Plug motor ports and clean the outside of the motor
thoroughly. After cleaning, remove plugs and drain any
oil out of the motor.
2. Use a marker or scribe to make a diagonal mark
across the front flange, body, and rear cover for reassembly purposes (Fig. 30).
Figure 30
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 59
Hydraulic System
IMPORTANT: Avoid using excessive clamping
pressure on the motor flange to prevent distorting
the casting.
1
3. Clamp mounting flange of motor in a vise with the
shaft end down.
4. Loosen cap screws on the rear cover.
5. Take motor from the vise and remove cap screws.
2
6. Remove front flange from the body, then remove rear
cover. Locate and remove dowel pins from body.
IMPORTANT: Mark the relative positions of the gear
teeth and the bearing blocks so they can be reassembled in the same position. Do not touch the
gear surfaces as residue on hands may be corrosive
to gear finish.
Figure 31
1. Motor body
2. Bearing block & gear set
7. Place the motor on its side and push on the rear bearing block to remove the bearing block and gear set
(Fig. 31).
8. Carefully remove and discard o–rings, pressure
seals, and back–up rings (Fig. 32) from motor. Do not
cause any damage to the machined grooves during the
removal process.
IMPORTANT: Make sure not to damage the counter
bore when removing the shaft seal from the front
plate.
9. Position front flange with seal side up. Remove shaft
seal.
Figure 32
Inspection
1. Remove any nicks and burrs from all motor components with emery cloth.
1
CAUTION
2
Use eye protection such as goggles when using
compressed air.
3
2. Clean all motor components with solvent. Dry all
parts with compressed air.
3
Figure 33
1. Drive gear
2. Idler gear
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 60
3. Bearing block
Greensmaster 3150
3. Inspect drive gear, idler gear and bearing blocks
(Fig. 33) for the following:
A. Gear shafts should be free of rough surfaces and
excessive wear at bushing points and sealing areas.
Scoring, rough surfaces, or wear on gear shafts indicates need for replacement.
B. Gear teeth should be free of excessive scoring
and wear. Any broken or nicked gear teeth must be
replaced.
C. Inspect gear face edge for sharpness. Sharp
edges of gears will mill into bearing blocks and, thus,
must be replaced.
D. Bearing areas of bearing blocks should not have
excessive wear or scoring.
E. Face of bearing blocks that are in contact with
gears should be free of wear, roughness or scoring.
4. Inspect front flange and rear cover for damage or
wear.
5. Lubricate gear faces and bearing surfaces of drive
gear, idler gear, and bearing blocks. Carefully assemble
bearing blocks and gears noting identification marks
made during disassembly.
6. Position the motor body on its side. Carefully slide
bearing block and gear assembly into the body cavity
using identification marks made during disassembly.
7. Remove any excess lubrication from mating surfaces of body, rear cover, and front flange. Make sure
that these surfaces are clean and dry.
8. Install dowel pins in body.
IMPORTANT: Do not dislodge o–rings, pressure
seals, or back–up rings during final assembly.
9. Gently slide the rear cover onto the assembly using
marker or scribe mark for proper location. Firm hand
pressure should be sufficient to engage the dowel pins.
10.Position the motor with rear cover downwards. Carefully slide the front flange onto the assembly using marker or scribe mark for proper location.
Reassembly
1. Lubricate o–rings, pressure seals, back–up gaskets,
and seal grooves with a thin coat of petroleum jelly. Lubricate all other internal parts freely with clean hydraulic
oil.
2. Install new shaft seal into front flange.
3. Install lubricated pressure seals into the grooves in
the front flange and rear cover. Follow by carefully placing the back–up rings into the grooves.
IMPORTANT: Avoid using excessive clamping
pressure on the motor housing to prevent distorting
the housing.
12.Place motor front flange in a vise and alternately
torque the cap screws from 33 to 40 ft–lb (45 to 55 Nm).
13.Put a small amount of hydraulic oil in port on motor
and rotate driveshaft one revolution. Protect the shaft if
using a pliers. If drive shaft binds, disassemble motor
and repeat assembly process.
14.Remove motor from vise.
4. Install new o–rings to the body.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 61
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
11. Install the four cap screws and hand tighten.
NOTE: When reassembling the motor, check the identification marks made during disassembly to make sure
the parts are properly aligned during reassembly.
Lift Cylinders
RIGHT LIFT CYLINDER
LEFT LIFT CYLINDER
5
4
12
6
7
2
8
10
4
5
13
4
2
3
9
5
5
2
4
3
3
2
14
3
9
13
14
12
1
1
11
11
10
8
7
6
RIGHT
FRONT
Figure 34
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Frame
Straight hydraulic fitting
O–ring
O–ring
Hose assembly
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Cap screw
Washer
Pivot pin
Cotter pin
Clevis pin
Lift arm
Spacer
Spacer
Hydraulic cylinder
5. Support hydraulic cylinder to prevent it from dropping.
Front Cylinder Removal (Fig. 34)
1. Before removing any parts from the hydraulic system, park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, lower the cutting units, and stop the engine.
A. Remove cap screw and washer from the pivot
pin.
B. Pull pivot pin from the frame, spacers, and hydraulic cylinder.
CAUTION
C. Remove hydraulic cylinder from the frame.
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with General Precautions for Removing
and Installing Hydraulic System Components.
2. Label all hydraulic connections for reassembly.
3. Disconnect hose assemblies and O–rings from the
hydraulic fittings at the lift cylinder. Allow hoses to drain
into a suitable container.
4. Remove cotter pin and clevis pin from the cylinder
clevis.
Hydraulic System
Front Cylinder Installation
1. Position hydraulic cylinder to the frame. Insert pivot
pin through the frame bracket, spacers, and cylinder.
Secure pin with cap screw and washer.
2. Position clevis of the hydraulic cylinder to the lift
arm. Install clevis pin and cotter pin through cylinder clevis.
3. Connect hose assemblies and O–rings to the hydraulic fittings. Tighten hose connections.
Page 4 – 62
Greensmaster 3150
REAR LIFT CYLINDER
5
4
2
3
5
4
2
RIGHT
3
HYDRAULIC CYLINDER FRONT
11
10
1
9
7
6
8
Figure 35
Frame
Straight hydraulic fitting
O–ring
O–ring
5.
6.
7.
8.
Hose assembly
Cap screw
Washer
Pivot pin
Rear Cylinder Removal (Fig. 35)
9. Lock nut
10. Lift arm
11. Hydraulic cylinder
4. Support hydraulic cylinder to prevent it from dropping.
1. Before removing any parts from the hydraulic system, park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, lower the cutting units, and stop the engine.
A. Remove cap screw, washer, and lock nut from
the pivot pin.
B. Pull pivot pin from the frame and hydraulic cylinder.
CAUTION
C. Remove hydraulic cylinder from the frame and
lift arm.
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with General Precautions for Removing
and Installing Hydraulic System Components.
2. Label all hydraulic connections for reassembly.
3. Disconnect hose assemblies and O–rings from the
hydraulic fittings at the lift cylinder. Allow hoses to drain
into a suitable container.
Rear Cylinder Installation
1. Position rod end of the hydraulic cylinder on the lift
arm.
2. Position hydraulic cylinder in the frame. Insert pivot
pin through the frame brackets and lift cylinder. Secure
pin with cap screw, lock nut and washer.
3. Connect hose assemblies and O–rings to the hydraulic fittings. Tighten hose connections.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 63
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
1.
2.
3.
4.
Lift Cylinder Service (Serial Number Under 240000000)
FRONT HYDRAULIC CYLINDER
7
1
8
6
9
5
4
3
24 to 30 ft–lb
(33 to 41 Nm)
Loctite
#242
2
10
11
12
13
14
15
Figure 36
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Seal kit
T–seal
O–ring
Rod seal
O–ring
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Back–up ring
Dust seal
Rod clevis
Jam nut
Internal collar
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Head
Rod
Piston
Lock nut
Barrel
REAR HYDRAULIC CYLINDER
24 to 30 ft–lb
(33 to 41 Nm)
1
2
3
15
5
6
4
14
7
13
12
Loctite
#242
ÉÉ
11
10
Figure 37
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Seal kit
T–seal
O–ring
Rod seal
O–ring
Hydraulic System
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Back–up ring
Dust seal
Not used
Not used
Internal collar
Page 4 – 64
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Rev. C
Head
Rod
Piston
Lock nut
Barrel
Greensmaster 3150
1. Remove the oil from the cylinder by slowly pumping
the cylinder shaft while holding the cylinder over a drain
pan. Plug both ports and clean the outside of the cylinder.
IMPORTANT: Prevent damage when clamping the
hydraulic cylinder into a vise; clamp on the cap end
only. Do not close vise enough to distort the barrel.
2. Mount lift cylinder in a vice. Remove internal collar
with a spanner wrench.
3. Extract shaft, head, and piston by carefully twisting
and pulling on the shaft.
IMPORTANT: Do not clamp vise jaws against the
shaft surface. Protect shaft surface before mounting in a vice.
3. Mount shaft securely in a vise by clamping on the clevis or eye of the shaft.
A. Coat shaft with clean hydraulic oil.
B. Slide head onto the shaft. Install rod seal onto
shaft and into head.
C. Install piston and nut onto the shaft. Torque nut
from 24 to 30 ft–lb (33 to 41 Nm).
D. Remove shaft from the vise.
IMPORTANT: Do not clamp vise jaws against the
shaft surface. Protect shaft surface before mounting in a vice.
IMPORTANT: Prevent damage when clamping the
hydraulic cylinder into a vise; clamp on the cap end
only. Do not close vise enough to distort the barrel.
4. Mount shaft securely in a vise by clamping on the clevis or eye of the shaft. Remove lock nut and piston from
the shaft. Slide head off the shaft.
4. Mount barrel in a vice.
5. Remove T–ring and O–ring from the piston. Remove
O–ring, back–up ring, rod seal, and dust seal from the
head.
Reassembly
1. Make sure all parts are clean before reassembly.
5. Coat all internal parts with a light coat of clean hydraulic oil. Slide piston, shaft, and head assembly into
the barrel being careful not to damage the seals.
6. Clean threads of internal collar and threads in cylinder barrel. Apply medium strength thread locking compound (e.g. Loctite #242) to threads of internal collar.
Secure head in the barrel with internal collar using a
spanner wrench. Tighten collar until snug and the outer
end of the collar is flush with end of the barrel.
2. Coat new O–rings, T–ring, rod seal, back–up ring,
and dust seal with clean hydraulic oil.
A. Install T–ring and O–ring on the piston.
B. Install O–ring, back–up ring, and dust seal on the
head.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 65
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
Disassembly
Lift Cylinder Service (Serial Number Above 240000000)
FRONT HYDRAULIC CYLINDER
1
2
3
4
5
6
16
7
15
8
9
10
14
60 to 75 ft–lb
(82 to 101 Nm)
13
12
11
Figure 38
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Seal kit
Wear ring
Seal with loader
O–ring
Back–up ring
O–ring
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Seal
Wiper
Jam nut
Rod clevis
Rod
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Head
Retaining ring
Piston
Lock nut
Barrel
REAR HYDRAULIC CYLINDER
1
2
3
4
5
6
14
7
13
8
12
11
60 to 75 ft–lb
(82 to 101 Nm)
10
9
Figure 39
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Seal kit
Wear ring
Seal with loader
O–ring
Back–up ring
Hydraulic System
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
O–ring
Seal
Wiper
Head
Rod
11.
12.
13.
14.
Page 4 – 66
Rev. C
Retaining ring
Piston
Lock nut
Barrel
Greensmaster 3150
1. Remove the oil from the cylinder by slowly pumping
the cylinder shaft while holding the cylinder over a drain
pan. Plug both ports and clean the outside of the cylinder.
IMPORTANT: Prevent damage when clamping the
hydraulic cylinder into a vise; clamp on the cap end
only. Do not close vise enough to distort the barrel.
2. Mount lift cylinder in a vice. Use of a vise with soft
jaws is recommended.
3. Using a spanner wrench, rotate head clockwise until
the edge of the retaining ring appears in the barrel opening. Insert a screwdriver under the beveled edge of the
retaining ring to start the retaining ring through the opening. Rotate the head counter–clockwise to remove retaining ring from barrel and head.
IMPORTANT: Do not clamp vise jaws against the
shaft surface. Protect shaft surface before mounting in a vice.
3. Mount shaft securely in a vise by clamping on the clevis or eye of the shaft. Use of a vise with soft jaws is recommended.
A. Coat shaft with clean hydraulic oil.
B. Carefully slide head onto the shaft. Install wiper
onto shaft and into head.
C. Install piston and nut onto the shaft. Torque nut
from 60 to 75 ft–lb (82 to 101 Nm).
D. Remove shaft from the vise.
IMPORTANT: Prevent damage when clamping the
hydraulic cylinder into a vise; clamp on the cap end
only. Do not close vise enough to distort the barrel.
4. Extract shaft, head, and piston by carefully twisting
and pulling on the shaft.
4. Mount barrel in a vice.
IMPORTANT: Do not clamp vise jaws against the
shaft surface. Protect shaft surface before mounting in a vice.
5. Coat all internal parts with a light coat of clean hydraulic oil. Slide piston, shaft, and head assembly into
the barrel being careful not to damage the seals.
5. Mount shaft securely in a vise by clamping on the clevis or eye of the shaft. Remove lock nut and piston from
the shaft. Slide head off the shaft.
6. Secure head in barrel by installing retaining ring.
Align retaining ring hole in the head with the access slot
in the barrel. Insert the retaining ring hook into the hole
and rotate head clockwise until the retaining ring is completely pulled into the barrel and the ring ends are covered.
6. Remove wear ring and seal with loader from the piston. Remove o–ring, back–up ring, seal, and wiper from
the head. Remove o–ring from rod.
Assembly
1. Make sure all parts are clean before reassembly.
2. Coat new seal kit components with clean hydraulic
oil.
A. Install wear ring and seal with loader on the piston.
B. Install o–ring, back–up ring, and seal on the
head.
C. Install o–ring to groove in rod.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 67 Rev. C
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
Disassembly
Hydraulic Manifold
7
4
FRONT
5
11
6
RIGHT
2
4
10
5
5
3
4
1
9
4
8
21
5
10
14
4
13 5
12
5
4
32
31
33
37
19
17
18
16
20
22
32
5
15
23
4
5
26
26
35
33
36
32
24
29
23
31
4
27
25
33
28
30
34
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
Figure 38
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Hydraulic manifold assembly
Flow control valve
Straight swivel hydraulic fitting
O–ring
O–ring
90o hydraulic fitting
Hose assembly
Tee hydraulic fitting
Hose assembly
Straight hydraulic fitting
Hose assembly
Hose assembly
45o hydraulic fitting
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
Hose assembly
90o hydraulic fitting
O–ring
O–ring
Tube assembly
90o hydraulic fitting
O–ring
O–ring
Hose assembly
Straight hydraulic fitting
Hose assembly
Hose assembly
Cap screw
Straight hydraulic fitting
O–ring
O–ring
Hose assembly
Straight hydraulic fitting
O–ring
O–ring
Hose assembly
45o hydraulic fitting
Tube assembly
Tube assembly
Note: The ports on the manifold are marked for easy identification of components. Example: R1 is the reel circuit
relief valve and P1 is the gear pump connection port. (See Hydraulic Schematic to identify the function of the hydraulic
lines and cartridge valves at each port location).
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 68
Rev. C
Greensmaster 3150
Removal (Fig. 38)
1. Before removing any parts from the hydraulic system, park machine on a level surface, engage parking
brake, lower cutting units, and stop the engine.
IMPORTANT: Before disconnecting any hydraulic
fittings from the hydraulic manifold block, make
sure the position of each fitting is observed and recorded to ensure proper installation.
6. Disconnect hydraulic fittings and O–rings from the
manifold.
CAUTION
Installation (Fig. 38)
2. Disconnect solenoid valve electrical connectors. If
an optional backlap kit is installed, disconnect electrical
connector to the ball switch.
3. Label all hydraulic connections and electrical connections for reassembly.
IMPORTANT: Before disconnecting any hydraulic
hoses from the hydraulic fittings, make sure each
hose is labeled to ensure it is reconnected to the
correct manifold fitting/port.
4. Disconnect hose and tube assemblies and remove
their respective O–rings from the hydraulic fittings. Allow hoses and tubes to drain into a suitable container.
Note: Fitting orientation is determined by viewing the
manifold assembly from the side with its solenoids facing up.
1. Install hydraulic fittings and their respective O–rings
to the manifold assembly, and orient to position recorded during removal.
2. Position manifold assembly to the support frame.
Secure assembly to the frame with both cap screws
(26).
3. Connect hose assemblies and their respective O–
rings to hydraulic fittings.
4. Connect solenoid valve electrical connectors. If an
optional backlap kit is installed, connect electrical connector for the ball switch.
Hydraulic
System
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with General Precautions for Removing
and Installing Hydraulic System Components.
5. Remove both cap screws (26) from the hydraulic
manifold. Remove manifold assembly from the machine.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 69 Rev. C
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic Manifold Service
15 in–lb
(1.7 Nm)
19
PLUG TORQUE
SAE #4: 9 to 11 ft–lb (12 to 14 Nm)
SAE #6: 16 to 18 ft–lb (22 to 24 Nm)
1
1
RIGHT
SAE #8: 43 to 46 ft–lb (58 to 62 Nm)
SAE #10: 60 to 62 ft–lb (81 to 84 Nm)
FRONT
19
15 in–lb
(1.7 Nm)
3
18
2
1
23
17
2
Loctite
#242
20
16
22
4
35 ft–lb
(47 Nm)
35 ft–lb
(47 Nm)
20
21
35 ft–lb
(47 Nm)
6
4
25
7
15
9
8
5
27
5
24
4
4
5
5
6
35 ft–lb
(47 Nm)
Loctite
#242
6
7
20
5
13
15 in–lb
(1.7 Nm)
4
11
5
7
26
6
14
5
12
10
4
7
6
19
1
4
35 ft–lb
(47 Nm)
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
Figure 39
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
20 watt solenoid
N.O. cartridge (Ports S1 & S2)
4Way/2Position cartridge (Port S3)
Plug (SAE #2)
O–ring
Plug (SAE #6)
O–ring
2400 PSI relief cartridge (Port R1)
N.C. cartridge (Port S4)
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
Plug (SAE #8)
O–ring
Manifold body
150 PSI relief cartridge (Port R2)
N.O. cartridge (Port S6)
Cavity plug (Port LC1)
O–ring
Plug (SAE #10)
Cavity plug (Port RD1)
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
Solenoid seal
Seal kit
Seal kit
Seal kit
Seal kit
Seal kit
Seal kit
Seal kit
Orifice (.125”)
Note: The ports on the manifold are marked for easy identification of components. Example: R1 is the reel circuit
relief valve and P1 is the gear pump connection port. (See Hydraulic Schematic to identify the function of the hydraulic
lines and cartridge valves at each port location).
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 70
Rev. C
Greensmaster 3150
Solenoid Operated Cartridge Valves (Fig. 39)
C. Torque cartridge valve using a deep socket to 35
ft–lb (47 Nm).
2. Remove nut securing solenoid to the cartridge
valve. Slide solenoid and both O–rings off the valve.
Note: Use care when handling the cartridge valve.
Slight bending or distortion of the stem tube can cause
binding and malfunction.
3. Remove cartridge valve with a deep socket wrench.
Remove seal kit.
4. Visually inspect the port in the manifold for damage
to the sealing surfaces, damaged threads, and contamination.
5. Visually inspect cartridge valve for damaged sealing surfaces and contamination.
A. Contamination may cause valves to stick or
hang up. Contamination can become lodged in
small valve orifices or seal areas causing malfunction.
B. If spool valve (8) sealing surfaces appear pitted
or damaged, the hydraulic system may be overheating or there may be water in the system.
D. Make sure a new O–ring is at each end of the solenoid coil. Install solenoid coil to the cartridge
valve. Apply “Loctite 242” or equivalent to the
threads of the valve. Torque nut to 15 in–lb (1.7
Nm).
E. If problems still exist, remove valve and clean
again or replace valve.
Cartridge Relief Valves (Fig. 39)
1. Make sure the manifold is clean before removing
the cartridge valve and seal kit.
2. Remove cartridge relief valve.
3. Visually inspect port in the manifold for damage to
the sealing surfaces, damaged threads, and contamination.
4. Visually inspect cartridge relief valve for damaged
sealing surfaces and contamination.
A. Contamination may cause valves to stick or
hang up. Contamination can become lodged in
small valve orifices or seal areas causing malfunction.
B. If sealing surfaces appear pitted or damaged,
the hydraulic system may be overheating or there
may be water in the system.
CAUTION
Use eye protection such as goggles when using
compressed air.
6. Clean cartridge valve using clean mineral spirits.
Submerge valve in clean mineral spirits to flush out contamination. Use a probe to push the internal spool in and
out 20 to 30 times to flush out contamination. Particles
as fine as talcum powder can affect the operation of high
pressure hydraulic valves. Use compressed air for
cleaning.
7. Reinstall the cartridge valve:
A. Lubricate new O–rings and backup rings of seal
kit with clean hydraulic oil and install. The O–ring
and backup ring must be arranged properly on the
cartridge valve for proper operation and sealing.
B. Thread spool valve carefully into port. The valve
should go in easily without binding.
Note: Use care when handling the cartridge
valve. Slight bending or distortion of the stem tube
can cause binding and malfunction.
Greensmaster 3150
CAUTION
Use eye protection such as goggles when using
compressed air.
5. Clean cartridge relief valve using clean mineral spirits. Submerge valve in clean mineral spirits to flush out
contamination. Particles as fine as talcum powder can
affect the operation of high pressure hydraulic valves.
Use compressed air for cleaning.
6. Reinstall the cartridge relief valve:
A. Lubricate new O–ring and backup ring of seal kit
with clean hydraulic oil and install. The O–ring and
backup ring must be arranged properly on the cartridge valve for proper operation and sealing.
B. Thread cartridge relief valve carefully into the
applicable port. The valve should go in easily without binding. Torque valve to 35 ft–lb (47 Nm).
Page 4 – 71 Rev. C
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
1. Make sure the manifold is clean before removing
the valve(s).
Backlap Kit (Optional)
17
18
14
16
5
19
6
21
20
12
15
22
23
24
3
26
13
25
7
4
35 ft–lb
(47 Nm)
11
8
2
1
10
35 ft–lb
(47 Nm)
9
27
RIGHT
28
FRONT
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
Figure 40
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Backlap bracket
N.O. ball switch
Socket head screw
Flat washer
Detent kit
Indicator kit
Directional cartridge valve (Port RD1)
Seal kit
Seal kit
Logic cartridge (Port LC1)
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Seal kit
Detent kit
Flow control cartridge (Port FC1)
Jumper wire
Harness
Relay
Knob
Jam nut
Indicator plate
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
Spring
Spring
Detent plate
Set screw
Ball
Locating plate
Locating plate
Orifice (.020”)
Manifold
Note: The ports on the manifold are marked for easy identification of components. Example: LC1 is for the reel logic
cartridge and RD1 is for the directional cartridge valve. (See Hydraulic Schematics to identify the function of the hydraulic lines and cartridge valves at each port location).
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 72
Greensmaster 3150
Optional Backlap Kit Flow Control and Two Position
Directional Valves (Fig. 40)
A. Lubricate new O–ring and backup ring of seal kit
(8 or 11) with clean hydraulic oil and install. The O–
ring and backup ring of seal kit must be arranged
properly on the cartridge valve (7 or 13) for proper
operation and sealing.
CAUTION
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with General Precautions for Removing
and Installing Hydraulic System Components.
1. Remove knob assembly:
B. Thread valve carefully into the applicable port
(RD1 or FC1). The valve should go in easily without
binding. Torque valve to 35 ft–lb (47 Nm).
7. Reinstall knob assembly:
B. Slide off applicable indicator plate (6 or 19) being
careful not to lose springs (20 or 21). Remove
springs.
C. Loosen set screw (23) and slide detent plate (22)
off the applicable cartridge valve (7 or 13) stem.
D. Remove the applicable locating plate with pin
(25 or 26) from the cartridge valve stem and manifold (27).
2. Remove cartridge valve (7 or 13) and seal kit
(8 or 11).
3. Visually inspect the port in the manifold (27) for
damage to the sealing surfaces, damaged threads, and
contamination.
4. Visually inspect cartridge valve (7 or 13) for damaged sealing surfaces and contamination.
A. Contamination may cause valves to stick or
hang up, it can become lodged in small valve orifices or seal areas causing malfunction.
B. If sealing surfaces appear pitted or damaged,
the hydraulic system may be overheating or there
may be water in the system.
CAUTION
Use eye protection such as goggles when using
compressed air.
5. If necessary, clean cartridge valve (7 or 13) using
clean mineral spirits. Submerge valve in clean mineral
spirits to flush out contamination. Particles as fine as talcum powder can affect the operation of high pressure
hydraulic valves. Use compressed air for cleaning.
A. Install applicable locating plate (25 or 26) so that
the pin seats into the locating hole.
B. Turn the threaded cartridge valve (7 or 13) stem
carefully clockwise until it stops.
C. Face detent plate (22) counterbore down.
Thread detent plate down onto the valve stem until it
is stopped by the locating plate. Turn detent plate
back counterclockwise 1/4 turn.
D. Center one detent plate hole over a locating
plate indentation. Drop a ball (24) into each hole,
then drop a spring (20 or 21) into each hole.
E. On flow control valve (7), place indicator plate (6)
over the detent plate. Make sure the arrow points directly at the number 1 on the locating plate.
F. On directional cartridge cartridge valve (13),
place indicator plate (19) over the detent plate.
Make sure the arrow points to the right at 45o.
G. While pushing down on the indicator plate (6 or
19) and compressing the springs, thread down a
jam nut (18). While tightening the set screw (23),
tighten jam nut at the same time using a 7/16 – inch
wrench
H. Thread second jam nut all the way down the
valve stem. Apply “Loctite 242” or equivalent on the
valve stem threads. Screw knob (17) all the way
down until it hits the upper jam nut.
I. On directional cartridge valve (7), turn knob (17)
counterclockwise so the arrow is 90o with the back
of the manifold (27). Simultaneously tighten upper
jam nut (18) and turn knob so it is tight and the arrow
is pointing 45o to the right in line with the indicator
plate (6).
J. On flow control cartridge valve (13), turn knob
(17) counterclockwise until the arrow points at the
number “5”. Simultaneously tighten upper jam nut
(18) and turn knob so it is tight and the arrow is pointing at the number “1” on the locating plate (19).
Page 4 – 73 Rev. C
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
A. Unscrew and remove knob (17). Remove both
jam nuts (18).
Greensmaster 3150
6. Reinstall the cartridge valve (7 or 13):
Optional Backlap Kit Logic Cartridge Valves
(Fig. 40)
CAUTION
CAUTION
Use eye protection such as goggles when using
compressed air.
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with General Precautions for Removing
and Installing Hydraulic System Components.
1. Remove logic cartridge valve (10) and seal kit (9).
2. Visually inspect the port in the manifold (27) for
damage to the sealing surfaces, damaged threads, and
contamination.
4. Clean logic cartridge valve (10) using clean mineral
spirits. Submerge valve in clean mineral spirits to flush
out contamination. Particles as fine as talcum powder
can affect the operation of high pressure hydraulic
valves. Use compressed air for cleaning.
5. Reinstall logic cartridge valve (10):
3. Visually inspect logic cartridge valve (10) for damaged sealing surfaces and contamination.
A. Lubricate new O–ring and backup ring of seal kit
(9) with clean hydraulic oil and install. The O–ring
and backup ring must be arranged properly on the
cartridge valve for proper operation and sealing.
A. Contamination may cause valves to stick or
hang up, it can become lodged in small valve orifices or seal areas causing malfunction.
B. Thread cartridge valve carefully into the port
(LC1). The valve should go in easily without binding.
Torque the valve to 35 ft–lb (47 Nm).
B. If sealing surfaces appear pitted or damaged,
the hydraulic system may be overheating or there
may be water in the system.
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 74
Greensmaster 3150
Rear Lift Cylinder Flow Control Valve
7
FLOW CONTROL VALVE
4
5
RIGHT
FRONT
6
2
4
3
5
1
9 4
8 5
HYDRAULIC CYLINDER
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
Figure 41
1.
2.
3.
Hydraulic manifold assembly
Flow control valve
Straight swivel hydraulic fitting
4.
5.
6.
O–ring
O–ring
90o hydraulic fitting
7.
8.
9.
Hose assembly
Tee hydraulic fitting
Hose assembly
Hydraulic
System
Removal
1. Before removing any parts from the hydraulic system, park machine on a level surface, engage parking
brake, lower cutting units, and stop the engine.
CAUTION
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with General Precautions for Removing
and Installing Hydraulic System Components.
2. Label all hydraulic connections for reassembly. Disconnect hose assembly and O–ring from the hydraulic
fitting. Allow hose to drain into a suitable container.
3. Remove hydraulic fitting and O–ring from flow control valve. Remove valve and O–ring from hydraulic fitting. Put caps or plug on hydraulic cylinder fitting to
prevent contamination.
Installation
3. Install flow control valve and O–ring to the hydraulic
fitting on the hydraulic cylinder. Make sure adjustment
knob faces forward.
4. Install O–ring and hose assembly to the hydraulic
fitting.
5. Adjust flow control valve as follows:
1. Lubricate all new O–rings with clean hydraulic oil.
2. Install O–ring and hydraulic fitting to the flow control
valve.
Greensmaster 3150
Figure 42
A. Turn adjustment knob in fully clockwise, and
then turn out counterclockwise 3 turns.
B. Adjust knob no more than 1/2 turn in either direction until the number 8 is aligned with the dimple on
the valve body. Lock adjustment knob by tightening
set screw.
Page 4 – 75 Rev. C
Hydraulic System
Steering Control Valve
4
5
6
8
3
7
2
9
10
11
35 ft–lb
(47 Nm)
1
22
21
27
28
19
29
24
20
18
12
17
13
14
16
15
23
20
2
25
30
26
29
RIGHT
28 27
FRONT
31
32
Figure 43
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Steering arm
Cap screw
Cap screw
Set screw
Lever
Handle
Friction plate
Steering wheel
Hex nut
Screw
Cover
Hydraulic System
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
Cap screw
Steering mount
Cap screw
Steering column
Lock nut
Lock washer
Flat washer
Straight hydraulic fitting
O–ring
O–ring
Hose assembly (5)
Page 4 – 76
Rev. C
Straight hydraulic fitting
O–ring
Panel nut
Steering valve cover
Cap screw
Flat washer
Spacer
Knob
Lock nut
Hair pin
Greensmaster 3150
Removal (Fig. 43)
1. Before removing any parts from the hydraulic system, park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, lower the cutting units, and stop the engine.
CAUTION
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with General Precautions for Removing
and Installing Hydraulic System Components.
2. Remove screws (10) and steering wheel cover (11)
from the steering wheel (8).
(P2) OUTPUT TO STEERING VALVE
Figure 44
3. Remove steering wheel nut (9) and steering wheel
from the steering column assembly (15).
Installation (Fig. 43)
5. Remove screws (12). Remove steering column (15)
and control valve (2).
1. Install hydraulic fittings (19 and 23) and O–rings
(20) to the steering control valve (2). Install hose assemblies (22) and O–rings (21 and 24).
6. Cut and remove any cable ties from the hose assemblies. Label all hydraulic connections for reassembly.
Note: Connect any hydraulic hose assemblies (22)
that may have been disconnected at the manifold block
P2 or ST ports, at the steering cylinder, or at the hydraulic pump if necessary (Fig. 44).
7. Disconnect hose assemblies (22) and remove O–
rings (21 and 24) from hydraulic fittings (19 and 23). Allow hoses to drain into a suitable container.
2. Install any cable ties removed from the hose assemblies.
Note: Disconnect hydraulic hose assemblies (22) at
the manifold block P2 or ST ports, at the steering cylinder, or at the hydraulic pump if necessary (Fig. 44).
3. Install steering column assembly (15) and steering
control valve (2) to steering mount with cap screws (12).
4. Install steering valve cover (26) with cap screws
(14).
5. Install steering wheel (8) and nut (9). Torque nut to
35 ft–lb (47 Nm).
6. Secure steering wheel cover (11) with screws (10).
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 77 Rev. C
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
4. Remove screws (14) and remove the steering valve
cover (26).
Steering Control Valve Service
1
3
5
4
8
24
2
19
19
7
6
25
20
9
21
23
22
150 in–lb
(17 Nm)
140 to 160 in–lb
(16 to 18 Nm)
10
13
12
11
14
15
17
16
18
Figure 45
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Steering valve housing
Dust seal
O–ring
Spool
Spring retaining ring
Pin
Sleeve
Centering springs/spacers
Cap screw
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
End cap
O–ring
Seal ring
O–ring
Geroter
O–ring
Spacer
Geroter drive
Disassembly
Wear plate
Bearing race
Thrust bearing
Plug
O–ring
Relief valve (R5)
Quad seal
Ring
4. Slide the spool and sleeve assembly from the housing.
NOTE: Cleanliness is extremely important when
repairing hydraulic components. Work in a clean area.
Before disassembly, drain the oil, then plug the ports
and thoroughly clean the exterior. During repairs,
always protect machined surfaces.
5. Remove the thrust bearing and bearing races (2).
6. Remove the quad seal.
1. Remove the seven cap screws from the steering
valve assembly.
7. Use a small blade screwdriver to carefully pry the
dust seal from the housing. Be careful to not damage the
dust seal seat in the housing.
2. Remove end cap, geroter, spacer, geroter drive,
wear plate, seal ring, and o–rings from housing (Fig. 45).
8. Remove the pin that holds the spool and sleeve together.
3. Remove the plug and relief valve.
9. Carefully slide the spool out of the sleeve. The centering springs and spring retaining ring will stay with the
spool as it is removed.
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 78
Rev. C
Greensmaster 3150
8. Put the thrust bearing and races into the housing.
The thrust bearing goes between the two races
(Fig. 46).
CAUTION
The centering springs are under tension. Remove the retaining ring carefully.
IMPORTANT: Do not damage the dust or quad seals
when installing the spool and sleeve assembly.
10.Remove the spring retaining ring and centering
springs from the spool.
9. Apply a light coating of clean hydraulic fluid to the
spool and sleeve assembly and slide carefully the assembly into the housing.
Reassembly
Check all mating surfaces. Replace any parts with
scratches or burrs that could cause leakage. Wash all
metal parts in clean solvent. Blow them dry with pressurized air. Do not wipe parts dry with paper towels or cloth.
Lint in a hydraulic system will cause damage.
NOTE: Always use new seals and o–rings when
reassembling the steering control unit.
IMPORTANT: During reassembly, lubricate the new
seals with petroleum jelly. Also, lubricate machined
surfaces and bearings with clean hydraulic fluid.
10.Clamp the housing in a vise. Use only enough clamping force to hold the housing securely.
11. Lubricate and install a new o-ring seal in the groove
in the housing.
12.Install the wear plate and align screw holes in the
wear plate with threaded holes in the housing.
NOTE: The holes in the wear plate are symmetrical.
13.Install the geroter drive, making sure the slot in the
drive engages the pin.
14.Lubricate and install new o-ring in wear plate groove.
A. Put one of the bearing races and sleeve into the
housing.
B. Together, the housing and bearing race create a
groove into which the quad seal will be installed.
C. Hold the bearing race tightly against the input end
of the housing by pushing on the gerotor end of the
sleeve.
15.Install the gerotor and align the screw holes.
16.Lubricate and install new o-ring in gerotor ring
groove.
17.Lubricate and install new o-ring and seal ring in gerotor star groove.
18.Install the spacer.
D. Fit the quad seal into its seat through the input end
of the housing. Be sure the seal is not twisted.
19.Install the end cap and seven cap screws. Tighten
the cap screws, in a crossing pattern, from 140 to 160
in-lb (16 to 18 Nm).
E. Remove the sleeve and bearing race.
20.Remove the steering control unit from the vise.
2. Lubricate and install the dust seal.
3. Install the centering springs in the spool. It is best to
install the two flat pieces first. Next, install the curved
pieces, three at a time.
4. Fit the retaining ring over the centering springs.
21.Install the relief valve and plug. Tighten the plug to
150 in-lb (17 Nm).
Thrust Bearing
and Race (2)
Dust Seal
5. Apply a light coating of clean hydraulic fluid to the
spool and slide it into the sleeve. Be sure the centering
springs fit into the notches in the sleeve.
Quad Seal
6. Install the pin.
7. Apply a light coating of petroleum jelly to the inner
edge of the dust and quad seals.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 79 Rev. C
Figure 46
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
1. Install the quad seal:
Steering Cylinder
7
8
9
11
10
10
11
13
12
9
4
2
21
15
3
19
22
5
14
3
23
2
20
4
24
6
25
26
27
1
40
28
39
26
38
RIGHT
37
24
30
36
FRONT
25
35
31
34
33
16
17
29
32
23
18
Figure 47
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Steering cylinder
90o hydraulic fitting
O–ring
O–ring
Hose assembly
Hose assembly
Cotter pin
Slotted hex nut
Washer
Bearing cup
Bearing cone
Jam nut
Rod end
Grease fitting
Hydraulic System
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
Dust seal
Slotted hex nut
Spacer
Cotter pin
Lug nut
Valve stem
Tire
Rim
Spacer
Seal
Bearing cone
Bearing cup
Hub
Page 4 – 80
Rev. C
Drive stud
Grease fitting
Castor fork
Cap screw
Lock nut
Adapter plate
Lock nut
Lock nut
Motor plate
Castor bolt
Cap screw
Lock nut
Flat washer
Greensmaster 3150
Removal (Fig. 47)
Installation (Fig. 47)
1. Before removing any parts from the hydraulic system, park machine on a level surface, set brake, lower
cutting units, and stop engine.
1. Secure cylinder rod end to the castor fork with
spacer, slotted hex nut, and cotter pin to rear wheel castor fork.
2. Install hydraulic fittings and O–rings to the steering
cylinder.
CAUTION
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with General Precautions for Removing
and Installing Hydraulic System Components.
3. Install steering cylinder over barrel mounting stud
and secure with flat washer and lock nut.
4. Connect hydraulic hoses and O–rings to the hydraulic fittings. Tighten hose connections.
2. Label all hose connections for reassembly purposes
3. Remove hose assemblies and O–rings from hydraulic fittings at the cylinder. Allow hoses to drain into
a suitable container.
4. Remove lock nut and flat washer from barrel mounting stud. Remove steering cylinder from barrel stud.
5. Remove cotter pin, slotted hex nut and and spacer
from rod end at rear wheel castor fork.
Hydraulic
System
6. Remove steering cylinder from traction unit.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 81 Rev. C
Hydraulic System
Steering Cylinder Service
15
10
9
11
14
2
3
13
4
5
12
11
10
6
9
1
8
7
5
6
4
3
2
Figure 48
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Seal kit
Rod wiper
U–cup
Back–up ring
O–ring
Hydraulic System
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Wear ring
O–ring
O–ring
Set screw
Cap
Page 4 – 82
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Head
Piston
Barrel
Grease fitting
Rod
Greensmaster 3150
Disassembly
Assembly
IMPORTANT: To prevent damage when clamping
cylinder barrel in a vise, clamp only on pivot end. Do
not clamp the vise jaws against the shaft surface.
1. Use a complete repair kit when rebuilding the cylinder. Put a coating of clean hydraulic oil on all new seals,
back–up rings, and O–rings.
1. Pump oil out of cylinder into a drain pan by slowly
moving rod in and out of cylinder bore. Plug ports and
clean outside of cylinder.
2. Install new u–cup, rod wiper, back up ring, and o–ring
onto each head. Position two o–rings (inner and outer),
piston ring, and both wear rings to the piston.
2. Mount cylinder in a vise by clamping vise on center
mounting location of cylinder. Do not close vise so firmly
that cylinder barrel could become distorted.
3. Lubricate shaft with clean hydraulic oil. Slide
threaded cap, head, and piston onto shaft. Install thread
locker on set screw threads and tighten two set screws
to secure piston to shaft.
3. Loosen set screws and remove threaded cap from
each end of the cylinder barrel.
4. Grasp end of rod and use a twisting and pulling motion to carefully extract rod assembly and head from cylinder barrel. Remove head from other end of barrel.
5. Loosen set screws that secure piston to shaft and
carefully remove piston. Slide head and threaded cap
from shaft.
4. Put a coating of clean hydraulic oil on all cylinder
parts to ease assembly.
5. Slide shaft assembly into cylinder barrel. Slide second head assembly into open end of barrel.
6. Install and tighten threaded caps. Secure both caps
to barrel with set screws.
6. Remove and discard all seals, back–up rings,and O–
rings from both heads and piston.
Hydraulic
System
7. Wash parts in clean solvent. Dry parts with compressed air. Do not wipe parts dry with paper towels or
cloth. Lint in a hydraulic system will cause damage.
8. Carefully inspect internal surface of barrel for damage (deep scratches, out–of–round, etc.). Replace entire cylinder if barrel is damaged. Inspect shaft, both
heads, and piston for evidence of excessive scoring, pitting, or wear. Replace any damaged parts.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 4 – 83 Rev. C
Hydraulic System
Leak Detector
Note: See Turf Guardiant Leak Detector System in
Chapter 5 – Electrical System of this manual for operation information.
30 to 60 in–lb
(3.4 to 6.8 Nm)
9
8
6
5
4
7
3
4
10
3
2
100 to 125 in–lb
(11.3 to 14.1 Nm)
13
15
28
31
30
12 11
29
32
1
17 to 21 ft–lb
(23 to 28 Nm)
13
26
27
22
26
25
14
24
15
17
15
16
14
18
19
20
21
13
23
13
14
15
Figure 49
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Hydraulic tank
Auxiliary tank
Spacer – short
Neoprene washer
Flat washer
Cap screw
Breather adapter
Breather cap
Cap screw
Spacer – long
Sight gauge
Hydraulic System
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
O–ring
Hose clamp
90o barb fitting
O–ring
Valve spool
O–ring
O–ring
Solenoid
O–ring
Lock nut
Valve body
Page 4 – 84
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
Rev. C
Tank hose
Lock washer
Cap screw
Hose clamp
Overflow Hose
Straight barb fitting
Tether
Flat washer
Cap screw
Valve hose
Greensmaster 3150
Removal (Fig. 49)
1. Before removing any parts from the hydraulic system, park machine on a level surface, set brake, lower
cutting units, and stop engine.
PUMP INLET HOSE
CAUTION
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with General Precautions for Removing
and Installing Hydraulic System Components.
3. Clamp pump inlet hose to control drainage. Remove
pump inlet hose from hydrostat. Release clamp from
hose and drain about 2 gallons (7.6 liters) from the hydraulic tank (Fig. 50).
4. Clamp pump inlet hose to prevent draining additional hydraulic oil.
5. Remove cap screw (31) and flat washer(30) securing the tether (29) to the auxiliary tank.
6. Unplug leak detector harness from the main tractor
harness.
7. Remove four cap screws (6 and 9), flat washers (4),
neoprene washers (3), and spacers (3 and 10).
Figure 50
Assembly (Fig. 49)
1. Coat all O–rings with clean hydraulic oil.
2. Secure sight gauge (11) and new O–ring (12) to the
auxiliary tank. Torque gauge from 100 to 125 in–lb (11.3
to 14.1 Nm).
3. Secure hydraulic barb fittings (28) and new O–ring
(15) to the auxiliary tank. Torque fitting from 17 to 21 ft–
lb (23 to 28 Nm).
4. Secure valve hose (32) to the barb fitting (28) with
hose clamp (13).
5. Secure both hydraulic barb fittings (14) and O–rings
(15) to the valve body (22)
Installation (Fig. 49)
8. Loosen either hose clamp (26) and disconnect overflow hose (27).
1. Connect tank hose (23) and install valve assembly
if previously removed.
9. Lift auxiliary tank slightly, loosen hose clamp (13),
and disconnect valve hose (32) at valve fitting. Remove
auxiliary tank assembly.
2. Connect pump inlet hose to hydrostat (Fig. 50).
10. If valve removal is necessary, loosen hose clamp
(13) and disconnect tank hose (23) at hydraulic tank fitting (14). Remove two cap screws (25) and lock washers
(24) securing the valve assembly to the hydraulic tank
and remove the valve assembly.
4. Position auxiliary tank over hydraulic tank and connect valve hose (32).
Disassembly and Inspection (Fig. 49)
5. Install four spacers (3 and 10), neoprene washers
(3), flat washers (4), and cap screws 6 and 9). Tighten
cap screws from 30 to 60 in–lb (3.4 to 6.8 Nm).
1. The leak detector can be disassembled using the
leak detector assembly drawing (Fig. 49) as a guide.
A. Leaking, cracked, or damaged auxiliary tank.
B. Worn or leaking hydraulic hoses. Replace if necessary.
Greensmaster 3150
IMPORTANT: Do not over tighten cap screw.
Threads in tank may become damaged.
6. Connect leak detector harness to main wire harness.
2. Inspect parts for the following:
C. Visibly worn or damaged parts.
3. Connect overflow hose (27).
7. Secure tether to the auxiliary tank with cap screw
(31) and flat washer (30).
Note: Monitor hydraulic fluid level in sight glass. As air
is removed from the hydraulic circuit, auxiliary tank may
need to be topped off after initial fill.
Page 4 – 85 Rev. C
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
2. Place a clean container, large enough to collect 2
gallons (7.6 liters), under the hydrostat to collect hydraulic oil.
8. Remove cap from main hydraulic tank and slowly fill
to cold fill level mark next to sight gauge (11) on auxiliary
tank.
10. If the buzzer fails to sound, check to see if all connections are secure.
11. Verify leak detector operation.
9. Check leak detector with ignition key switch in ON/
RUN position. The buzzer should sound when leak detector test switch is held down for 1 second.
Hydraulic Reservoir
8
7
9
10
6
11
12
5
4
22
14
3
1
13
15
2
16
14
23
14
13
22
18
15
21
17
20
Antiseize
Lubricant (3)
30 to 60 in–lb
(3.4 to 6.8 Nm)
19
Figure 51
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Straight hydraulic fitting
O–ring
O–ring
Oil level sensor
O–ring
Hydraulic tank
Tether
Pin
Hydraulic System
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
Tank cap
Filler screen
Overflow hose
Hose clamp
Hydraulic barb fitting
O–ring
Hose clamp
Return hose
Page 4 – 86
Rev. C
Pump inlet hose
Plug (early units only)
Cap screw
Flat washer
Grommet
Spacer
Tank pad
v
Greensmaster 3150
Removing Hydraulic Reservoir (Fig. 51)
1. Before removing any parts from the hydraulic system, park machine on a level surface, set brake, lower
cutting units, and stop engine.
REEL MOTOR
CASE DRAIN FITTING
CAUTION
PUMP INLET
HOSE
Before continuing further, read and become familiar with General Precautions for Removing
and Installing Hydraulic System Components.
2. Remove leak detector assembly (see Leak Detector
Removal in this chapter of this manual).
Figure 52
4. Unplug oil level sensor harness connector.
5. Disconnect hose assembly from the reel motor case
drain fitting located below the right side of the frame. Allow hose to drain to a suitable container (Fig. 52).
6. Disconnect return hose (16) from hydraulic barb fitting at tank. Allow hose to drain to a suitable container.
Installing Hydraulic Reservoir (Fig. 51)
1. Place antiseize lubricant into all three inserts at the
bottom of the hydraulic tank (6). Position tank onto the
vehicle frame.
2. Secure hydraulic tank to the vehicle frame with
three cap screws (19), flat washers (20), and spacers
(22). Torque cap screws from 30 to 60 in–lb (3.4 to 6.8
Nm).
7. Remove three cap screws (19), flat washers (20),
and spacers (22) securing the hydraulic tank (6) to the
vehicle frame.
3. Secure return hose (16) to hydraulic barb fitting at
tank.
8. Remove hydraulic tank.
4. Secure pump inlet hose to hydrostat with hose
clamp (Fig. 52).
Inspecting Reservoir Parts (Fig. 51)
5. Connect hose assembly to reel motor case drain fitting located below the right side of the frame (Fig. 52).
1. Clean tank and filler screen with solvent.
2. Inspect tank for leaks, cracks, or other damage.
3. Replace hydraulic hoses if worn or leaking.
Greensmaster 3150
6. Connect oil level sensor harness connector.
7. Install leak detector assembly (see Leak Detector
Installation in this chapter of this manual).
Page 4 – 87 Rev. C
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic
System
3. Drain remaining hydraulic oil from hydraulic tank
through pump inlet hose into a suitable container.
This page is intentionally blank.
Hydraulic System
Page 4 – 88
Rev. C
Greensmaster 3150
Chapter 5
Electrical System
Table of Contents
Seat Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Fuse Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Neutral and Mow Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Parking Brake Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Joystick Raise and Lower Switches . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Backlap Switch (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Lower Reels Time Delay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Leak Detector Alarm and Delay Timer . . . . . . . . 15 Leak Detector Float Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Leak Detector Solenoid Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Diodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 SERVICE AND REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Verify Interlock System Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Battery Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Electrical
System
ELECTRICAL SCHEMATICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 SPECIAL TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 TURF GUARDIAN LEAK DETECTOR SYSTEM OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Starting Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Run & Transport Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Cutting Unit Operating Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM QUICK CHECKS . . . . . . . . 8 Battery Test (Open Circuit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 COMPONENT TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Ignition Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Hour Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Relays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Solenoid Valve Coils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Greensmaster 3150
Page 5 – 1
Electrical System
Electrical Schematics
The electrical schematic and other electrical drawings
for the Greensmaster 3150 are located in Chapter 11 –
Electrical Diagrams.
Electrical System
Page 5 – 2
Greensmaster 3150
Special Tools
Order special tools from the TORO SPECIAL TOOLS
AND APPLICATIONS GUIDE (COMMERCIAL PROD-
UCTS).
Some tools may also be available from a local supplier.
Multimeter
The meter can test electrical components and circuits
for current, resistance, or voltage.
NOTE: Toro recommends the use of a DIGITAL Volt–
Ohm–Amp multimeter when testing electrical circuits.
The high impedance (internal resistance) of a digital meter in the voltage mode will make sure that excess current is not allowed through the meter. This excess
current can cause damage to circuits not designed to
carry it.
Figure 1
Skin–Over Grease
Electrical
System
Special non–conductive grease which forms a light protective skin which helps waterproof electrical switches
and contacts.
Figure 2
Greensmaster 3150
Page 5 – 3
Electrical System
Turf Guardiant
Leak Detector System Operation
Before Start-Up (Cold Oil)
With ignition switch Off, solenoid valve is open. Before
start-up, hydraulic fluid is at level mark of sight gauge (oil
cold). Float is in raised position, keeping alarm circuit
open.
AUXILIARY
TANK
FLOAT SWITCH
(raised/open)
SIGHT
GAUGE
ALARM
(off)
SOLENOID
VALVE
(open)
MAIN HYDRAULIC TANK
Figure 3
Normal Operation (Warm Oil)
When ignition switch is turned On, solenoid valve
closes. During normal operation, hydraulic fluid expands, causing it to overflow into auxiliary tank. The float
stays in the raised position keeping alarm circuit open.
AUXILIARY
TANK
FLOAT SWITCH
(raised/open)
SIGHT
GAUGE
ALARM
(off)
SOLENOID
VALVE
(closed)
MAIN HYDRAULIC TANK
Figure 4
Leak Alert!
If hydraulic fluid leaks during operation, the fluid level in
the main hydraulic tank drops. This causes the float to
lower, closing the alarm circuit. The alarm will sound after a one second time delay.
Note: During normal operation, with cutting units lowered, approximately 5 oz (148 ml) of hydraulic fluid will
leak before the float closes the alarm circuit and activates the alarm.
AUXILIARY
TANK
FLOAT SWITCH
(lowered/closed)
SIGHT
GAUGE
ALARM
(off)
SOLENOID
VALVE
(closed)
MAIN HYDRAULIC TANK
Figure 5
Electrical System
Page 5 – 4
Greensmaster 3150
Troubleshooting
For effective troubleshooting and repairs, you must
have a good understanding of the electrical circuits and
components used on this machine (see Chapter 11 –
Wiring Schematics in this manual).
CAUTION
Remove all jewelry, especially rings and
watches, before doing any electrical troubleshooting or testing. Disconnect the battery
cables unless the test requires battery voltage.
If the machine has any interlock switches by–passed,
they must be reconnected for proper troubleshooting
and safety.
Starting Problems
Problem
Possible Causes
Starter solenoid clicks, but starter will not crank
(if solenoid clicks, problem is not in safety interlock
system).
Battery charge is low.
Battery cables are loose or corroded.
Battery ground to frame is loose or corroded.
Wiring at starter is faulty.
Starter solenoid is faulty.
Starter mounting bolts are loose or not supplying a
sufficient ground for solenoid.
Starter is faulty and causing an incomplete circuit for
the solenoid.
Relay K2 has intermittent ground.
Battery is dead.
Wiring to the start circuit (see Wiring Schematics)
components is loose, corroded, or damaged.
Battery cables are loose or corroded.
Battery ground to frame is loose or corroded.
Starter solenoid fusible link is open.
Fuse block is faulty.
20 ampere fuse F1 is loose or blown.
Diode D1–B, or start safety relay is faulty.
The ignition switch is faulty.
Starter solenoid is faulty.
Neutral sensor is out of adjustment or faulty.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 5 – 5
Electrical System
Electrical
System
Nothing happens when start attempt is made.
Starting Problems (continued)
Problem
Possible Causes
Engine cranks, but does not start.
Wiring to start circuits (see Wiring Schematics) is
loose, corroded, or damaged.
Wiring to engine is (see Wiring Schematics) is loose,
corroded, or damaged.
Diode D1–A circuit is open.
Engine or fuel system is malfunctioning (see Chapter 4
– Engine).
Kill relay K1 is faulty or grounded.
Engine and fuel may be too cold.
Fuel solenoid is faulty.
Engine cranks (but should not) with the Functional
Control Lever in the MOW or TRANSPORT position.
Neutral sensor is out of adjustment, faulty, or short
circuited.
General Run and Transport Problems
Problem
Possible Causes
Engine kills when the Functional Control Lever is in the Operator is sitting too far forward on the seat (seat
MOW or TRANSPORT position with the operator in the switch not depressed).
seat.
Parking brake is set.
Parking brake switch is faulty.
Seat switch is faulty.
Seat switch wiring is loose, corroded, or damaged.
Battery does not charge.
Wiring to the charging circuit (see Wiring Schematics)
components is loose, corroded, or damaged.
Voltage regulator/alternator is faulty.
Alternator fusible link is open.
Ignition switch is faulty.
Battery is dead.
Engine kills during operation (operator sitting on seat).
Operator moved too far forward on the seat (seat
switch not depressed).
Wiring to the run circuits (see Wiring Schematics)
components became broken or disconnected.
Electrical System
Page 5 – 6
Greensmaster 3150
Cutting Unit Operating Problems
Problem
Possible Causes
Cutting units run (but should not) when raised.
Joystick relay K3 is faulty or shorted.
Solenoid valve S1 is faulty.
Mow relay K4 is faulty or shorted.
Mow switch is shorted.
Cutting units do not run when lowered with the
Functional Control Lever in the MOW position.
Wiring to run/mow/backlap circuits components (see
Wiring Schematics) is loose, corroded, or damaged.
Fuse block or fuse is faulty.
Solenoid valve S1 is faulty.
Mow switch and/or mow relay K4 is faulty or grounded.
Raise or lower switch and/or joystick relay K3 is faulty
or grounded.
Cutting units will not raise.
Wiring to raise circuit components (see Wiring
Schematics) is loose, corroded, or damaged.
Fuse block or fuse is faulty.
Solenoid valve S3 and/or S2 is faulty.
Diode D3 is open.
Cutting units will not lower.
Wiring to lower circuit components (see Wiring
Schematics) is loose, corroded, or damaged.
Fuse block or fuse is faulty.
Diode D2 is open.
Raise switch is faulty.
Lower switch is faulty.
Joystick relay K3 is faulty.
6 second delay timer is faulty.
Solenoid valve S2 or S4 is faulty.
Lower relay K5 is faulty.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 5 – 7
Electrical System
Electrical
System
Raise switch and/or raise relay K6 is faulty or
grounded.
Electrical System Quick Checks
Battery Test
Use a multimeter to measure the voltage between the
battery terminals.
Set the multimeter to the DC volts setting. The battery
should be at a temperature of 60o to 100o F (15.5o to
37.8o C). The ignition key should be off and all accessories turned off. Connect the positive (+) meter lead to the
positive battery post and the negative (–) meter lead the
the negative battery post.
Voltage Measured
Battery Charge Level
12.68 V (or higher)
Fully charged (100%)
12.45 V
75% charged
12.24 V
50% charged
12.06 V
25% charged
11.89 V
0% charged
Note: This test provides a relative condition of the battery. Load testing of the battery will provide additional
and more accurate information.
Electrical System
Page 5 – 8
Greensmaster 3150
Component Testing
For accurate resistance and/or continuity checks, electrically disconnect the component being tested from the
circuit (e.g. unplug the ignition switch connector before
doing a continuity check).
CAUTION
When testing electrical components for continuity with a multimeter (ohms setting), make sure
that power to the circuit has been disconnected.
Ignition Switch
The ignition (key) switch has three positions (OFF, RUN,
and START). The terminals are marked as shown. The
circuitry of the ignition switch is shown in the chart. With
the use of a multimeter (ohms setting), the switch functions may be tested to determine whether continuity exists between the various terminals for each position.
Verify continuity between switch terminals.
POSITION
CIRCUIT
OFF
NONE
RUN
B + I + A, X + Y
START
A
B
Y
S
X
B+I+S
I
HEX NUT
Electrical
System
KEY
SWITCH
LOCK WASHER
Figure 6
Hour Meter
1. Connect the positive (+) terminal of a 12 VDC
source to the positive terminal of the hour meter.
2. Connect the negative (–) terminal of the voltage
source to the other terminal of the hour meter.
3. The hour meter should move a 1/10 of an hour in six
minutes.
4. Disconnect the voltage source from the hour meter.
Figure 7
Greensmaster 3150
Page 5 – 9
Electrical System
Relays
1. Verify coil resistance between terminals 86 and 85
with a multimeter (ohms setting). Resistance should be
from 80 to 90 ohms. There should be continuity between
terminals 87A and 30.
86
87A
87
87
87A
85
86
2. Connect multimeter (ohms setting) leads to relay
terminals 30 and 87. Ground terminal 86 and apply +12
VDC to terminal 85. The relay should make and break
continuity between terminals 30 and 87 as 12 VDC is applied and removed from terminal 85.
30
85
30
3. Disconnect voltage from terminal 85 and multimeter
lead from terminal 87.
4. Connect multimeter (ohms setting) lead to relay terminal 30 and 87A. Apply +12 VDC to terminal 85. The
relay should break and make continuity between terminals 30 and 87A as 12 VDC is applied and removed from
terminal 85.
TOP VIEW
5. Disconnect voltage from and multimeter leads from
relay terminals.
Figure 8
Solenoid Valve Coils
Note: Prior to taking small resistance readings with a
digital multimeter, short the test leads together. The meter will display a small resistance value (usually 0.5
ohms or less). This resistance is due to the internal resistance of the meter and test leads. Subtract this value
from from the measured value of the component you are
testing.
2
1
1. Make sure engine and ignition switch is Off. Disconnect solenoid valve electrical connector.
1
2. Apply 12VDC source directly to the solenoid. Listen
for solenoid to switch on. Remove voltage source from
solenoid.
3. Measure resistance between the two connector terminals. The resistance should be about 7.2 ohms.
Figure 9
1. Electrical connector
2. Solenoid
4. Replace solenoid if necessary. Reconnect solenoid
valve electrical connector.
Electrical System
Page 5 – 10
Greensmaster 3150
Seat Switch
The seat switch is normally open and closes when the
operator is on the seat. If the Functional Control Lever
is moved out of neutral (neutral switch opens) and the
operator raises out of the seat, the engine magneto will
ground and the engine will stop. The switch and its electrical connector are located directly under the seat.
2
1. Make sure the engine and ignition switch is Off. Remove seat from the support assembly by removing four
lock nuts from the seat bolts.
3
1
2. Disconnect electrical connector from the seat
switch.
3. Check the continuity of the switch by connecting a
multimeter (ohms setting) across the connector terminals.
Figure 10
1. Seat bolts
2. Electrical connector
3. Seat switch
4. With no operator in the seat, there should be no continuity between the terminals.
5. Press directly onto the seat switch through the seat
cushion. There should be continuity as the seat cushion
approaches the bottom of its travel.
6. Connect switch electrical connector. Reinstall seat.
Fuse Block
Fuses can be removed to check continuity. The test meter should read less than 1 ohm.
Electrical
System
F2 F1
F4 F3
Fuses supply power to the following (Fig. 11):
1. The 20 amp fuse (F1) supplies power to the run and
mow relays.
2. The 10 amp fuse (F2) supplies power to the light/
test switch and the optional light circuit.
3. The 10 amp fuse (F3) supplies power to the engine
fuel solenoid and the seat and parking brake interlock
switches.
4. The 10 amp fuse (F4) supplies power to leak detector solenoid and the joystick raise and lower switches.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 5 – 11
Figure 11
Electrical System
Neutral and Mow Switches
The neutral and mow switches are normally open reed
switches. They close when the actuator comes in close
proximity to the switch. These switches are used to
sense the Functional Control Lever in either the NEUTRAL or MOW position.
1. Make sure the engine and ignition switch is Off. Disconnect electrical connectors to both switches and
move the functional control lever to NEUTRAL. Check
continuity of both switches by connecting a multimeter
(ohms setting) across the connector terminals. There
should be no continuity across either switch.
1
3
2. Place the Functional Control Lever in the NEUTRAL
position. The NEUTRAL reed switch should have continuity and the MOW switch should be open (Fig. 12).
2
Figure 12
3. Place the Functional Control Lever in the MOW
position. The NEUTRAL reed switch should be open
and the MOW switch should have continuity (Fig. 12).
1. Mow reed switch
2. Neutral reed switch
4. If the neutral or mow switches do not satisfy any of
the tests described in steps 1, 2, or 3, adjust the switches
as follows:
0.725 to 0.775 inch
(18.4 to 19.7 mm)
3. Actuator
REED SWITCH
A. The distance between the sensing end of each
switch and the mounting bracket should be 0.725 to
0.775 inch (18.4 to 19.7 mm) (Fig. 13).
B. To adjust or install actuator, place lever in neutral, position actuator in lever until the NEUTRAL
switch just closes, and then rotate the actuator two
complete turns closer to switch.
TRACTION BRACKET
CONNECTOR
Figure 13
C. When adjusting switches or actuator, tighten jam
nuts 30o past finger tight.
D. After switch or actuator adjustment, repeat the
tests described in steps 1, 2, or 3. If either switch
does not satisfy any one of the tests, replace the
switch.
5. Connect electrical connectors and check interlock
operation (See Verify Interlock System Operation in this
chapter of this manual).
Electrical System
Page 5 – 12
Greensmaster 3150
Parking Brake Sensor
The parking brake sensor is normally closed and opens
when the operator sets the parking brake. If the Functional Control Lever is moved out of neutral (neutral
switch opens) and the parking brake brake is set, the engine magneto will ground and the engine will stop. The
sensor and its electrical connector are located directly
under the operator foot panel.
1
2
1. Park machine on a level surface. Make sure the engine and ignition switch is Off. Set brake and block front
wheels.
2. Disconnect electrical connector from the parking
brake sensor.
3. Check the continuity of the switch by connecting a
multimeter (ohms setting) across the connector terminals.
Figure 14
1. Mounting plate
2. Latch assembly
3. Parking brake sensor
5. Release the parking brake. There should be continuity across the switch terminals.
6. Connect switch electrical connector. Reset the
parking brake.
Electrical
System
4. With the parking brake set, there should be no continuity across the switch terminals.
3
Greensmaster 3150
Page 5 – 13
Electrical System
Joystick Raise and Lower Switches
The joystick raise and lower switches are located on the
lift control mechanism. The rear switch is used to lower
the reels and the front switch to raise them.
1. Make sure the engine and ignition switch is Off. Remove the plastic cover and disconnect the electrical
connectors from the switches.
3
2. Check the continuity of the raise switch by connecting a multimeter (ohms setting) across the switch connector terminals as follows:
1
A. With the joystick in the rest position, current
should only flow across terminals 1 and 3 (blue and
green/black wires).
2
B. With the joystick in the raise position, current
should across terminals 1 and 2 (blue and green/
gray wires).
3. Check the continuity of the lower switch by connecting a multimeter (ohms setting) across the switch connector terminals as follows:
Figure 15
1. Joystick assembly
2. Raise switch
3. Lower switch
A. With the joystick in the rest position, current
should only flow across terminals 1 and 3 (open ter-
minal and green/black wires).
B. With the joystick in the lower position, current
should flow across terminals 1 and 2 (green/black
and gray/black wires).
4. Connect the electrical connectors, and reinstall the
plastic cover.
Backlap Switch (Optional)
The backlap switch is located on the hydraulic manifold
(when the Backlap Kit is installed). It is normally open
and closes when the backlap knob is turned clockwise
to the backlap position.
2
3
1. With the engine off, disconnect electrical connector.
1
2. Check the continuity of the switch by connecting a
multimeter (ohms setting) across the connector terminals.
3. Turn the backlap knob clockwise to the backlap
position while watching the multimeter. Continuity
should be made as the switch closes.
4. Turn the backlap knob counterclockwise to the mow
position while watching the multimeter. Continuity
should be broken as the switch opens.
5. Reconnect the electrical connector.
Electrical System
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
Figure 16
1. Connector
2. Backlap switch
Page 5 – 14
3. Backlap knob
Greensmaster 3150
Lower Reels Time Delay
This is a solid state timer used to energize solenoid
valve S4 long enough to fully retract the cutting unit lift
cylinders, making sure the cutting units are fully lowered. Upon the application of power, the load is energized
and the time delay is started. After 6 seconds the load
is de–energized.
+
–
INPUT VOLTAGE
1. Connect voltmeter across test load and test load to
timer. Connect 12VDC source to timer and load. Make
sure to observe polarity. After 6 seconds, there should
be no voltage across the load.
LOAD
2. Disconnect timer from 12VDC source and test load.
TIMING
RESISTOR
3
2
4
1
5
TIME
DELAY
Figure 18
Figure 17
Electrical
System
Leak Detector Alarm and Delay Timer
To prevent the leak detector system from sounding false
alarms during normal operation. the alarm circuit includes a one second delay timer.
1. Turn ignition switch to On (do not start the engine),
then move leak detector test switch rearward and hold.
After a one second time delay the alarm should sound.
2
1
Figure 19
1. Alarm
Greensmaster 3150
Page 5 – 15
2. Delay timer
Electrical System
Leak Detector Float Switch
The leak detector float switch closely monitors the hydraulic fluid level in the main hydraulic tank. The switch
contacts are open when the float is in the raised position,
and closed when the float is in the lowered position.
1
1. If the float switch is connected to the main harness,
remove hydraulic tank cap and screen from filler neck of
hydraulic tank. Turn ignition switch to On (do not start
the engine). Insert a clean rod or screw driver into filler
neck and gently push down on switch float. Alarm should
sound after a one second time delay.
2. If the float switch is removed or disconnected from
the main harness, connect a continuity tester across the
float switch wire terminals. Current should flow across
the terminals only when the float is pushed down. There
should be no current flow across the terminals when the
float is in the raised position.
2
Figure 20
1. Main hydraulic tank
2. Float switch
Leak Detector Solenoid Valve
The leak detector solenoid valve is a normally open
valve that allows hydraulic fluid to flow from the auxiliary
tank to the main hydraulic tank while the ignition is Off.
This feature fills the main hydraulic tank with fluid from
the auxiliary tank prior to starting the unit. The valve
closes when the ignition is On and during unit operation.
2
3
4
1. Disconnect the wiring connector at the valve solenoid.
1
2. Connect 12 vdc power across the solenoid terminals. The valve spool should retract completely.
3. If valve does not retract smoothly or does not retract
completely, replace or rebuild the valve (see Solenoid
Operated Cartridge Valves in this chapter of this manual).
4. To check the valve supply power, set the ignition
switch to On (do not start the engine). Connect a DC
voltmeter across the main harness leads for the solenoid valve, 12 volts should be present.
Electrical System
Figure 21
1. Main hydraulic tank
2. Valve body
Page 5 – 16
3. Valve spool
4. Solenoid
Greensmaster 3150
Diodes
The main wiring harness contains six diodes. Diodes D2
and D3 are connected to the harness at separate locations. Diodes D1–A, D1–B, D1–C, and D1–D are connected to the main harness by a small four position
circuit board located near the front of the left side control
panel. The diodes are used for circuit protection from inductive voltage spikes and for safety circuit logic.
DIODE
CIRCUIT
BOARD
PLUG-IN
DIODE
D1–D
1/A
D1–A
2/B
D1–C
D1–B
Diode D1–A
Allows the engine to start only with the Functional Control Lever in NEUTRAL (neutral sensor closed). Also, it
allows the engine to continue to run with either the Functional Control Lever in NEUTRAL (Neutral Sensor
closed) or the operator sitting in the seat (Seat switch
closed).
Figure 22
DIODE CIRCUIT BOARD
D1–A
D1–B
D1–C
Diode D1–B
D1–D
Prevents a negative spike from damaging the Neutral
Sensor and Seat switch by allowing a ground path for
the Start Safety relay (K2) when it de–energizes.
Maintains current flow to the Joystick relay after the momentary Lower switch of the Joystick opens.
Red (+)
Black (–)
Continuity
H
A
YES
Diode D1–D
A
H
NO
Prevents a negative spike from damaging the Mow and
Backlap switches by allowing a ground path for the mow
relay when it de–energizes.
G
B
YES
B
G
NO
F
C
YES
Diode D2
C
F
NO
This diode prevents current flow to solenoid S4 when solenoids S2 and S3 are energized through Raise relay
R5.
E
D
YES
D
E
NO
1/A
2/B
YES
2/B
1/A
NO
Type
Circuit
Board
Plug-In
Diode D3
This diode prevents current flow to solenoid S3 when solenoids S2 and S4 are energized through lower relay R6.
Testing
The diodes can be individually tested using a digital
multimeter (ohms setting) and the table to the right.
DIODE
CIRCUIT BOARD
Figure 24
Greensmaster 3150
Page 5 – 17
Electrical System
Electrical
System
Figure 23
Diode D1–C
Service and Repairs
Verify Interlock System Operation
CAUTION
The interlock switches are for the operator’s
protection; do not disconnect them. Check the
operation of the switches daily to assure the interlock system is operating. If a switch is defective, replace it before operating the machine. Regardless if switches are operating properly or
not, replace them every two years to assure maximum safety.
The purposes of the interlock switches are to:
A. Prevent the engine from cranking or starting unless the Functional Control Lever is in NEUTRAL.
B. Prevent operating the traction pedal with the
Functional Control Lever in NEUTRAL.
C. Shut off the engine if the operator leaves the seat
without the Functional Control Lever in NEUTRAL.
D. Shut off the reels if the Functional Control Lever
is moved to NEUTRAL or TRANSPORT.
1. Sit on the seat, engage parking brake, and move
Functional Control Lever to NEUTRAL. Try to depress
traction pedal. If the pedal does not depress, the interlock system is operating correctly. Correct problem if not
operating properly.
2. Sit on the seat, engage parking brake, keep traction
pedal in neutral, and place Functional Control Lever in
MOW or TRANSPORT. Try to start the engine. If the engine does not crank, the interlock system is operating
correctly. Correct problem if not operating properly.
3. Sit on the seat and start engine. Move Functional
Control Lever to MOW. Raise off the seat. If the engine
stops, the interlock system is operating correctly. Correct problem if not operating properly.
4. Sit on the seat and start engine. Move Functional
Control Lever to TRANSPORT. Raise off the seat. If the
engine stops, the interlock system is operating correctly.
Correct problem if not operating properly.
5. Sit on the seat, engage parking brake, keep traction
pedal in neutral, and place Functional Control Lever in
NEUTRAL. Start the engine. Move Raise / Lower – Mow
Control Lever forward to lower the cutting units. If the
units do not start rotating, the interlock system is operating correctly. Correct problem if not operating properly.
6. Sit on the seat and set the parking brake. Start the
engine and move the functional control lever to MOW.
If the engine stops, the interlock system is operating correctly. Correct problem if not operating properly.
Electrical System
Page 5 – 18
Greensmaster 3150
Battery Service
The battery is the heart of the electrical system. With
regular and proper service, battery life can be extended.
Additionally, battery and electrical component failure
can be prevented.
1
2
1
CAUTION
When working with batteries, use extreme caution to avoid splashing or spilling electrolyte.
Electrolyte can destroy clothing and burn skin or
eyes. Always wear safety goggles and a face
shield when working with batteries.
Figure 25
1. Wing nut
Electrolyte Specific Gravity
Fully charged: 1.265 corrected to 80oF (26.7oC)
Discharged: less than 1.240
2. Battery retainer
FILLER CAPS
CAP TUBES
Battery Specifications
BCI Group Size U1
300 Amp Cranking Performance at 0o F (–17.8o C)
28 Minute Reserve Capacity at 80oF (26.7oC)
CORRECT
WATER
LEVEL
Removal (Fig. 25 and 26)
COVER SEAL
IMPORTANT: Be careful not to damage terminal
posts or cable connectors when removing the battery cables.
2. Disconnect the ground cable (–) first to prevent
short circuiting the battery, other components, or the operators hands. Disconnect the positive (+) cable.
C. Check for signs of wetness or leakage on the top
of the battery which might indicate a loose or missing filler cap, overcharging, loose terminal post, or
overfilling. Also, check the battery case for dirt and
oil. Clean the battery with a solution of baking soda
and water, then rinse it with clean water.
3. Make sure that the filler caps are on tightly.
4. Remove battery from the battery compartment to a
service area. This will minimize possible battery damage and allow better access for inspection and service.
D. Check that the cover seal is not broken away.
Replace the battery if the seal is broken or leaking.
Inspection, Maintenance, and Testing
E. Check the electrolyte level in each cell. If the level is below the tops of the plates in any cell, fill all
cells with distilled water to the bottom of the cap
tubes. Charge at 15 to 25 amps for 15 minutes to al-
low sufficient mixing of the electrolyte.
1. Perform following inspections and maintenance:
A. Check for cracks caused by overly tight or loose
hold–down clamp. Replace battery if cracked and
leaking.
B. Check battery terminal posts for corrosion. Use
a terminal brush or steel wool to clean corrosion
from the battery terminal posts.
2. Conduct a hydrometer test of the battery electrolyte.
IMPORTANT: Make sure the area around the cells is
clean before opening the battery caps.
IMPORTANT: Before cleaning the battery, tape or
block the vent holes to the filler caps and make sure
the caps are on tightly.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 5 – 19
A. Measure the specific gravity of each cell with a
hydrometer. Draw electrolyte in and out of the
hydrometer barrel prior to taking a reading to warm–
up the hydrometer. At the same time take the temperature of the cell.
Rev. A
Electrical System
Electrical
System
Figure 26
1. Remove wing nuts, and battery retainer.
B. Temperature correct each cell reading. For each
10oF (5.5oC) above 80oF (26.7oC) add 0.004 to the
specific gravity reading. For each 10oF (5.5oC) be-
low 80oF (26.7oC) subtract 0.004 from the specific
gravity reading.
Example:
Cell Temperature 100oF
Cell Gravity
ADD (20o above 80oF)
Correction to 80oF
H. Using the table below, determine the minimum
voltage for the cell temperature reading.
Minimum
Voltage
1.245
0.008
1.253
C. If the difference between the highest and lowest
cell specific gravity is 0.050 or greater or the lowest
cell specific gravity is less than 1.225, charge the
battery. Charge at the recommended rate and time
given in Charging or until all cells specific gravity is
1.225 or greater with the difference in specific gravity between the highest and lowest cell less than
0.050. If these charging conditions can not be met,
replace the battery.
3. Perform a high–discharge test with an adjustable
load tester.
This is one of the most reliable means of testing a battery
as it simulates the cold–cranking test. A commercial battery load tester is required to perform this test.
9.6
70oF (and up)
21.1oC (and up)
9.5
60oF
15.6oC
9.4
50oF
10.0oC
9.3
40oF
4.4oC
9.1
30oF
–1.1oC
8.9
20oF
–6.7oC
8.7
10oF
–12.2oC
8.5
0oF
–17.8oC
I. If the test voltage is below the minimum, replace
the battery. If the test voltage is at or above the minimum, return the battery to service.
Installation
IMPORTANT: To prevent possible electrical problems, install only a fully charged battery.
1. Make sure the ignition switch and all accessories
are off.
CAUTION
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions when using a battery tester.
A. Check the voltage across the battery terminals
prior to testing the battery. If the voltage is less than
12.0 VDC, recharge the battery.
B. If the battery has been charged, apply a 150 amp
load for 15 seconds to remove the surface charge.
Use a battery load tester following the manufacturer’s instructions.
C. Make sure the battery terminals are free of corrosion.
D. Measure the temperature of the center cell.
E. Connect a battery load tester to the battery terminals following the manufacturer’s instructions. Connect a digital multimeter to the battery
terminals.
F. Apply a test load of one half the Cranking Performance (see Battery Specifications) rating of the battery for 15 seconds.
G. Take a voltage reading at 15 seconds, then remove the load.
Electrical System
Battery Electrolyte
Temperature
2. Make sure the battery compartment is clean and repainted if necessary.
3. Make sure all battery cables and connection are in
good condition and that the battery hold down clamp has
been repaired or replaced.
4. Lift seat and place the battery in its compartment.
Make sure battery is level and flat. Push the positive
cable connector onto positive battery post. Do not hammer; this will damage the battery. Tighten bolts with two
wrenches.
5. Secure battery retainer to the battery with the two
wing nuts. Do not overtighten to prevent cracking or distorting the battery case (Fig. 25).
6. Apply a light coat of grease on all battery posts and
cable connectors to reduce corrosion after connections
are made.
7. Connect a digital multimeter (set to amps) between
the negative battery post and the negative (ground)
cable connector. The reading should be less than 0.1
amp. If the reading is 0.1 amp or more, the unit’s electrical system should be tested and repaired.
8. Connect the negative (ground) cable connector to
the negative battery post.
Page 5 – 20
Greensmaster 3150
Charging
CAUTION
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions when using a battery charger.
Note: Using specific gravity of the battery cells is the
most accurate method of determining battery condition.
1. Determine the battery charge level from either its
open specific gravity or circuit voltage.
Battery Charge
Level
Specific
Gravity
Open Circuit
Voltage
100%
1.265
12.68
75%
1.225
12.45
50%
1.190
12.24
25%
1.155
12.06
0%
1.120
11.89
2. Determine the charging time and rate using the
manufacturer’s battery charger instructions or the
following table.
Battery
Reserve
Capacity
(Minutes)
CAUTION
Do not charge a frozen battery because it can explode and cause injury. Let the battery warm to
60oF (15.5o C) before connecting to a charger.
Charge the battery in a well–ventilated place to
dissipate gases produced from charging. These
gases are explosive; keep open flame and electrical spark away from the battery. Do not smoke.
Nausea may result if the gases are inhaled. Unplug the charger from the electrical outlet before
connecting or disconnecting the charger leads
from the battery posts.
3. Following the manufacturer’s instructions, connect the charger cables to the battery. Make sure a good
connection is made.
4. Charge the battery following the manufacturer’s
instructions.
5. Occasionally check the temperature of the battery
electrolyte. If the temperature exceeds 125oF (51.6oC)
or the electrolyte is violently gassing or spewing, the
charging rate must be lowered or temporarily stopped.
6. Three hours prior to the end of the charging, measure the specific gravity of a battery cell once per hour.
The battery is fully charged when the cells are gassing
freely at a low charging rate and there is less than a
0.003 change in specific gravity for three consecutive
readings.
Electrical
System
To minimize possible damage to the battery and allow
the battery to be fully charged, the slow charging method is presented here. This charging method can be accomplished with a constant current battery charger
which is available in most shops.
Battery Charge Level
(Percent of Fully Charged)
75%
50%
25%
0%
80 or less
3.8 hrs
@
3 amps
7.5 hrs
@
3 amps
11.3 hrs
@
3 amps
15 hrs
@
3 amps
81 to 125
5.3 hrs
@
4 amps
10.5 hrs
@
4 amps
15.8 hrs
@
4 amps
21 hrs
@
4 amps
126 to
170
5.5 hrs
@
5 amps
11 hrs
@
5 amps
16.5 hrs
@
5 amps
22 hrs
@
5 amps
171 to
250
5.8 hrs
@
6 amps
11.5 hrs
@
6 amps
17.3 hrs
@
6 amps
23 hrs
@
6 amps
above
250
6 hrs
12 hrs
18 hrs
24 hrs
@
@
@
@
10 amps 10 amps 10 amps 10 amps
Greensmaster 3150
Page 5 – 21
Electrical System
This page is intentionally blank.
Electrical System
Page 5 – 22
Greensmaster 3150
Chapter 6
Wheels and Brakes
Table of Contents
SERVICE AND REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Wheel (2WD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Wheel (Optional 3WD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Wheel and Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
3
6
9
Wheels and
Brakes
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
SPECIAL TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Greensmaster 3150
Page 6 – 1
Rev. A
Wheels and Brakes
Specifications
Item
Description
Front tire pressure, 19 x 10.50 x 2 ply
8 to 12 PSI, (0.55 to 0.83 bar)
Rear tire pressure, 19 x 10.50 x 2 ply
8 to 15 PSI, (0.55 to 1.04 bar)
Wheel lug nut torque
70 to 90 ft–lb, (95 to 122 Nm)
Special Tools
Wheel Hub Puller – TOR4097
The wheel hub puller allows safe removal of the wheel
hub from the shaft of wheel motors.
Figure 1
Wheels and Brakes
Page 6 – 2
Rev. A
Greensmaster 3150
Service and Repairs
Rear Wheel (2WD)
6
5
4
3
2
7
70 to 90 ft–lb
(95 to 122 Nm)
2
3
9
12
8
4
10
13
14
15
16
11
1
18
19
37
17
20
21
22
36
RIGHT
Antiseize
Lubricant
FRONT
23
20
34
18
24
25
33
32
31
30
19
26
29
28
16
27
Figure 2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Steering cylinder
Bearing cup
Bearing cone
Washer
Slotted hex nut
Cotter pin
Grease fitting
Jam nut
Rod end
Dust seal
Lug nut
Wheel assembly
Valve stem
Greensmaster 3150
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
Tire
Rim
Spacer
Hub assembly
Seal
Bearing cone
Bearing cup
Hub
Grease fitting
Drive stud
Castor fork
Cap screw
Page 6 – 3
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
Lock nut
Cotter pin
Slotted hex nut
Spacer
Adapter plate
Lock nut
Lock nut
Motor adapter plate
Castor bolt
Cap screw
Lock nut
Washer
Wheels and Brakes
Wheels and
Brakes
35
Removal (Fig. 2)
5
1. Park machine on a level surface. Make sure engine
is off. Set brake and block front wheels.
4
4
2. Jack up and secure the rear wheel off the ground.
3
Note: The wheel assembly consists of the tire (14),
rim (15), and valve stem (13) with cap. The hub assembly consists of the wheel hub (21), oil seals (18), bearing
cones (19), bearing cups (20), grease fitting (22), and
drive studs (23).
3. Remove lock nut (26) from the castor bolt (34). Support the rear wheel assembly and pull the castor bolt
from both adapter plates (30 and 33).
4. Remove the spacers (16), and the wheel and hub
assemblies from the castor fork (24).
5. If damage to the castor fork bearings is suspected,
remove the castor fork (24) from the frame as follows:
A. Remove cotter pin (27) and slotted hex nut (28)
securing the steering cylinder rod end (9) to the castor fork.
B. Release the steering cylinder rod end from the
castor fork.
C. Remove the four hex head screws and flat washers securing the fuel tank to the frame.
D. Tilt rear of fuel tank up to gain access to the top of
the castor fork. Support fuel tank securely.
CAUTION
5
2
Figure 3
1. Bearing cup
2. Wheel hub
3. Bearing cone
4. Shaft seal
5. Drive stud
Disassembly (Fig. 2)
1. If drive studs (23) are bent or damaged, press studs
from the wheel hub (21).
2. Remove oil seals (18). Clean and inspect bearing
cones (19) and bearing cups (20) for damage, and replace if necessary.
Assembly (Fig. 3)
1. Pack bearing cones (19) with No. 2 multipurpose
lithium base grease and Install bearing cones into the
wheel hub.
2. Grease inner edge of the new shaft seals (18) with
No. 2 multipurpose lithium base grease. Install new
shaft seals (18) into the hub with the lip of the seals facing towards the inside.
3. If removed. press new drive stud (23) into the wheel
hub (21).
Support the castor fork while removing the
slotted hex nut (5) to prevent the fork from dropping and causing personal injury.
E. Remove cotter pin (6) and slotted hex nut (5)
from the castor fork shaft. Lower castor fork from the
frame.
F. Clean and inspect bearing cones (3) and bearing
cups (2) for damage, and replace if necessary.
6. Remove lug nuts (11) from the drive studs (23) of the
wheel hub assembly (17). Separate wheel and hub assemblies.
Wheels and Brakes
3
1
1
Installation (Fig. 2)
1. Slide wheel assembly onto the drive studs (23).
Tighten lug nuts (11) to the drive studs evenly in a cris–
cross pattern to a torque of 70 to 90 ft–lb (95 to
122 Nm).
2. If the bearings in the castor fork pivot housing were
removed, install castor fork (24) to the frame as follows:
A. Press new bearing cups (2) into the castor fork
pivot housing with the thick side of the cups facing
towards the inside.
B. Pack bearing cones (3) with No. 2 multipurpose
lithium base grease.
C. Coat castor fork shaft with antiseize lubricant
and place two steering washers (4) onto the castor
fork shaft. Slide lower bearing cone onto castor fork
shaft with the wide edge of the bearing against the
washers.
Page 6 – 4 Greensmaster 3150
D. Insert castor fork shaft up through the pivot
housing and bearing cups.
E. Place second bearing cone on the castor fork
shaft with the wide edge up. Place remaining steering washers on top of the bearing cone.
F. Install slotted hex nut (5) onto castor fork shaft
until drag is felt while turning the castor fork. Back–
off hex nut to align the hole in the castor fork shaft to
the nearest slot. Install and secure cotter pin (6).
G. Install steering cylinder rod end (9) to the castor
fork with spacer (29), slotted hex nut (28), and a new
cotter pin (27).
H. Remove fuel tank support and lower tank onto
frame. Apply antiseize lubricant to the threads of the
four cap screws and secure fuel tank to the frame
with cap screws and flat washers. Make sure the
fuel hose support clamps are positioned correctly.
3. Insert spacers (16) in wheel hub assembly. Position
and support wheel and hub assembly between adapter
plates (30 and 33).
4. Coat castor bolt (34) with antiseize lubricant and slide castor bolt into motor adapter plate (33), right side
spacer (16), wheel and hub assembly, left side spacer
(16), and adapter plate (30).
5. Position bent lip of the castor bolt (34) head under
the bottom edge of the motor adapter plate (33). Install
and tighten locknut (26). Do not overtighten locknut,
make sure the wheel rotates freely.
6. Wipe grease fittings (7 and 22) clean. Pump grease
into grease fitting (22) until grease is seen exiting at both
oil seals (18). Pump grease into grease fitting (7) until
grease is seen exiting at both ends of the pivot housing.
Wipe up excess grease.
Wheels and
Brakes
I. Torque cap screws from 20 to 25 ft–lb (27 to
34 Nm).
Greensmaster 3150
Page 6 – 5
Wheels and Brakes
Rear Wheel (Optional 3WD)
18
4
1
29
6
5
7
8
85 ft–lb
(115 Nm)
4
26
17
21
22
2
16
3
22
9
5
25
19
14
27
20
12 11
31
30
23
30 ft–lb
(41 Nm)
15
10
80 to 100 in–lb
(9.0 to 11.3 Nm)
24
FRONT
70 to 90 ft–lb
(95 to122 Nm)
13
RIGHT
28
Figure 4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Lock nut
Spacer
Grommet
Hose assembly
Washer
Castor fork
Bearing tab
Lock nut
Bearing flangette (lube)
Bearing
Bearing flangette
Wheels and Brakes
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
Cap screw
Lock nut
Wheel motor & hub assembly
Adapter
Cap screw
Bracket
Flat washer
Hose assembly
Tube assembly
Clamp
Page 6 – 6
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
Cap screw
O–ring
O–ring
O–ring
O–ring
Set screw
Wheel assembly
Lock nut
Lug nut
Grease fitting
Greensmaster 3150
B. Remove both socket head screws (16) and lock
nuts (13) securing the hydraulic motor and hub assembly to the castor fork.
Removal (Fig. 4)
1. Park machine on a level surface. Make sure engine
is off. Set brake and block front wheels.
C. Lower wheel and hydraulic motor and hub assembly from the castor fork.
2. Jack up and secure the rear wheel off the ground.
4. Loosen set screws (27) on bearing (10). Pull flangettes (9 and 11) and bearing from the hydraulic motor
shaft.
CAUTION
Support wheel (28) and motor and hub assembly
(14) to prevent dropping them and causing personal injury while removing cap screws (12) and
socket head screws (16).
5. Remove grease fitting (31) from the hydraulic motor
and hub assembly (14). Remove four lug nuts (30) and
wheel (28) from the hub drive studs.
3. Remove wheel (28) and hydraulic motor and hub
assembly (14) from the castor fork (6) as follows:
6. If damage to the castor fork bearings is suspected,
remove the castor fork (6) from the frame See Rear
Wheel (2WD) Removal in this chapter of this manual for
additional information.
A. Remove cap screws (12), lock nuts (8 and 29),
and flat washer (18) securing flangettes (9 and 11)
and bearing tab (7).
1
9
8
7
6
3
FREE
ROTATION
5
2
6
7
8
9
Wheels and
Brakes
4
3
Figure 5
1. Hydraulic motor
2. Hub
3. Clutch roller bearing
Greensmaster 3150
4. Drive stud
5. Grease fitting
6. Thrust washer
Page 6 – 7
7. Washer
8. Snap ring
9. Grease seal
Wheels and Brakes
Disassembly (Fig. 5)
OUTER BEARING EDGE
MUST BE FLUSH WITH EDGE
1. Remove grease seal (9) and snap ring (18) from the
long end of hub (2).
2. Remove washer (7), two thrust washers (6), and
hub (2) from the hydraulic motor shaft. Remove remaining two thrust washers (6), washer (7), snap ring (8), and
grease seal (9) from the shaft.
3. If drive studs (4) are bent or damaged, press studs
from the wheel hub (2).
ARROWS ON BEARING
TOWARDS LONG END
4. Press clutch roller bearings (3) from the hub (2).
Figure 6
Assembly (Fig. 5)
1. If drive studs (4) were removed, press new studs
into the wheel hub (2).
Installation (Fig. 4)
2. Press roller clutch bearings (3) into the hub (2) as
follows (Fig. 6):
1. Secure wheel (28) to the four drive studs of the hydraulic motor and hub assembly (14) with four lug nuts
(30). Torque nuts from 70 to 90 ft–lb (95 to 122 Nm).
Note: Arrow on the side of the clutch roller bearings
(3) must point to the long side of the end of the hub (2).
2. Reinstall grease fitting (31) into hydraulic motor and
hub assembly (14) so it points away from the wheel.
A. Press two bearings into each end of the hub.
B. The outer edge of the outer bearings must be
flush with the recessed edge within the hub.
C. Center bearings must not interfere with grease
fitting hole.
3. Install flangette (11), bearing (10), and relube flangette (9) onto the motor shaft.
4. Position hydraulic motor and hub assembly (14),
flangettes (9 and 11) with bearing (10), and wheel (28)
into the castor fork. Make sure hose fittings on the motor
face to the rear.
3. Grease inner edge of the new grease seals (9) with
No. 2 multipurpose lithium base grease. Slide one seal
onto motor shaft past groove closest to the motor. Install
snap ring (8) into groove.
5. Secure hydraulic motor and hub assembly (14)
loosely to the left inside of the castor fork with both socket head screws (16) lock nuts (13).
4. Slide flat washer (7) and two thrust washers (6) onto
the motor shaft. Slide hub (2) onto the shaft with the
short side first.
6. Secure flangettes (9 and 11), and bearing (10)
loosely to the right inside of the castor fork with cap
screws (12), bearing tab (7), lock nuts (8 and 29), and
flat washer (18).
5. Slide remaining thrust washers (6) and flat washer
(7) onto the motor shaft. Install remaining snap ring (8)
into the shaft groove. Slide remaining new grease seal
(9) onto motor shaft.
A. Position flangette grease fitting facing downward.
B. Torque socket head screws (16) to 85 ft–lb
(115 Nm).
IMPORTANT:The hub (2) should spin freely in the
forward direction, but lock on the hydraulic motor
shaft when it is spun in the reverse direction.
6. Press grease seals (9) into the hub (2) so they are
flush with the end of the hub.
Wheels and Brakes
C. Torque cap screws (12) to 30 ft–lb (41 Nm).
7. Apply loctite to both set screws (27). Torque set
screws from 80 to 100 in–lb (9 to 11 Nm).
Page 6 – 8
Greensmaster 3150
Front Wheel and Brake
4
250 to 400 ft–lb
(339 to 542 Nm)
3
24
6
12
5
7
11
15
30
1
16
9
2
8
13
18
14
17
12
19
70 to 90 ft–lb
(95 to122 Nm)
20
26
RIGHT
FRONT
Antiseize
Lubricant
29
10
23
28
22
21
25
31
32
27
Figure 7
Lug nut
Tire
Rim
Valve stem
Brake drum
Wheel hub
Drive stud
Backing plate
Brake cam
Retaining ring
Return spring
Greensmaster 3150
12. Brake shoe
13. Woodruff key
14. Brake bracket
15. Hydraulic hose
16. Hydraulic hose
17. 45o Hydraulic fitting
18. O–ring
19. O–ring
20. Hydraulic motor
21. Flat washer
22. Brake rod
Page 6 – 9
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
Brake lever
Lock nut
Jam nut
Cap screw
Cap screw
Lock nut
Lock nut
Cap screw
Swivel clevis
Lock nut
Wheels and
Brakes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Wheels and Brakes
Removal (Fig. 7)
2
1. Park machine on a level surface. Make sure engine
is off. Make sure brake is in the OFF position.
2. Block front and rear of wheels not being jacked up.
Lift front wheel off the ground using a jack, and place
blocks beneath the frame under the hydraulic wheel motor (20).
3. Remove lug nuts (1), tire (2) and rim (3). Loosen but
do not remove lock nut (24) from hydraulic wheel motor
shaft.
3
1
IMPORTANT: DO NOT hit wheel hub (6) with a hammer during removal or installation. Hammering may
cause damage to the hydraulic wheel motor.
4
4. Use wheel hub puller (see Special Tools) to free
wheel hub (6) and brake drum (5) assembly from motor
shaft. Remove lock nut (24), wheel hub and brake drum
assembly and key (13) from the hydraulic wheel motor
shaft.
5. Remove return springs (11) from brake shoes (12).
Remove brake shoes from backing plate (8).
6. Remove retaining ring (10) and brake cam (9) from
the brake lever (23) and backing plate (8).
7. Remove four cap screws (26), lock nuts (29), and
backing plate (8) from the brake bracket (14).
8. Parts should be clean and free of rust. Inspect brake
shoe (12) and brake drum (5) contact surfaces for excessive wear. Replace any worn or damaged parts.
Installation (Fig. 7 and 8)
1. Secure backing plate (8) to the brake bracket (14)
with the four hex head screws (26) and lock nuts (29).
Figure 8
1. Return spring
2. Brake shoe
3. Brake cam
4. Backing plate
3. Install brake cam (9) into the backing plate (8) and
brake lever (23). Secure cam to the lever with the retaining ring (10).
4. Place antiseize lubricant on woodruff key (13) and
inside of the wheel hub (6). Mount key into shaft of hydraulic wheel motor (20). Slide hub over shaft and key.
5. Secure wheel hub (6) to motor shaft with lock nut
(24). Torque nut from 250 to 400 ft–lb (339 to 542 Nm).
6. Install rim (3) onto the wheel hub (6). Secure rim
with lug nuts (1) to the wheel hub (7) drive studs. Tighten
lug nuts evenly in a crossing pattern to a torque from
70 to 90 ft–lb (95 to 122 Nm).
7. Check and adjust brakes (see Brake Adjustment in
the traction unit Operator’s Manual).
2. Position both brake shoes (12) on the backing plate
(8). Insert return springs (11) into the holes of both brake
shoes (12).
Wheels and Brakes
Page 6 – 10
Rev. A
Greensmaster 3150
Chapter 7
4 Bolt Adjust Cutting Units
Table of Contents
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
SPECIAL TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Factors Affecting Quality of Cut. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
SET UP AND ADJUSTMENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Adjustment Summary and Check List . . . . . . . . . 7
Reel Bearing Service and Adjustment. . . . . . . . . 8
Bedknife To Reel Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Leveling Rear Roller to Reel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Height Of Cut. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Front Roller Scraper Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Comb Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Greensmaster®3150
3100
Greensmaster
Shield Height Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Top Bar (Cut Off Bar) Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . .
Pull Frame Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cutting Unit Removal and Installation . . . . . . . .
Reel Lapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bedbar Removal and Installation. . . . . . . . . . . .
Bedknife Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preparing Reel For Grinding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reel Removal and Bearing Replacement . . . . .
Lift Bail Replacement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Page
77
- 1- 1
Page
13
13
14
15
15
16
17
18
18
19
20
Table of Contents
Specifications
Height--of--Cut : 3/16 (0.1875) in. to 11/16 (0.6875) in.
Clip Frequency and Optimum Height of Cut Range:
.
Model No
04408
04406
Clip (max.)
0.25 in.
0.18 in.
Optimum Height
of Cut Range
3/16 to 5/16 in.
1/8 to 7/32 in.
Roller Adjustment:
Front: Micrometer hand adjustment with bolted clamp
lock (1 turn = 0.025 in. height of cut change).
Rear: Pivot arm change on slot in side plate with locking
nuts for paralleling roller to reel and adjusting bedknife
attitude.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Lift bail
Grease fittings - reel bearings
Grease fittings - roller
Height of cut adjustment knob (2)
Specifications
5.
6.
7.
Bedknife to Reel Adjustment: Bedknife adjusts
against reel with opposed screw adjustment on each
end of bedbar.
Reel Speed: 1940 rpm (engine speed 2800 rpm).
Bedknife Screw Torque: 200 to 250 in-lb.
Reel Splined Drive Nut Torque: 40 to 60 ft-lbs.
Reel Bearing Rolling Torque: 7 in-lb. max.
Front or Rear Roller Run-Out: 0.014 in. max.
Height of cut adjustment locknut
Scraper adjusting nut (4)
Pull rod studs (2)
Page 7 - 2
8. Grass shield
9. Adjustable grass shield bar
10. Reel
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 7 - 3
Greensmaster 3150
Page 7 - 5
Page 7 - 6
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 7 - 7
Page 7 - 8
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 7 - 9
Page 7 - 10
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 7 - 11
Page 7 - 12
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 7 - 13
Page 7 - 14
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 7 - 15
Page 7 - 16
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 7 - 17
Bedknife Replacement
1. Remove bedbar.
2. Remove bedknife screws and remove bedknife.
3. Remove all rust, scale, and corrosion from bedbar
surface before installing the bedknife.
4. Install new bedknife with new bedknife screws
(57-4910). Apply clean SAE 30 oil to the screws before
installing screws. Tighten the screws to a torque of 200
to 250 in-lb. working from the center toward each end of
the bedbar (Fig. 25).
5. Grind the new bedknife to match it to the bedbar.
Figure 25
Note: For proper grinding of bedknife, follow procedures in the Toro publication “Sharpening Reel and
Rotary Mowers”, Form No. 80-300-PT.
6. Install the bedbar.
Preparing Reel for Grinding
IMPORTANT: Adjust reel bearings before grinding
reel. (See Reel Bearing Service and Adjustment in
the Adjustments section of this chapter).
1. Remove bedbar.
Note: Some reel grinders may require rear roller assembly be mounted to the cutting unit for proper support
in reel grinder. Rear roller must be parallel to reel shaft
to remove taper when grinding.
2. If necessary, remove front roller assembly.
A. Loosen the locknuts securing height of cut adjusting rods at both ends of the cutting unit and the
roller shaft clamp bolts (Fig. 26).
B. Turn height of cut adjustment knobs until they
are disconnected from the height of cut adjusting
rods (Fig. 26). The roller assembly can then be removed from the cutting unit by pulling evenly on
both sides.
For proper grinding of reel, follow procedures in the Toro
publication “Sharpening Reel and Rotary Mowers”,
Form No. 80-300-PT.
Figure 26
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Rear roller height of cut bracket
Allen set screw
Bedbar mounting bolts
Bedknife adjusting screws
Height of cut rod locknuts
Roller shaft clamp bolts
Height of cut adjustment knob
3. Install bedbar. After grinding, assemble cutting unit,
and do all adjustments. Backlap if necessary to get desired fit between reel and bedknife.
Repairs
Page 7 - 18
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 7 - 19
Page 7 - 20
Greensmaster 3150
Chapter 8
Single Point Adjust Cutting Units
Table of Contents
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
SPECIAL TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
SET UP AND ADJUSTMENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Adjustment Summary and Check List . . . . . . . . . 8
Bedknife to Reel Contact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Reel Bearing Service and Adjustment. . . . . . . . 10
Parallel Bedknife to Reel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Leveling Rear Roller to Reel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Height of Cut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Front Roller Scraper Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Comb Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Shield Height Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Greensmaster
Greensmaster®3150
3100
Top Bar Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pull Frame Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cutting Unit Removal and Installation . . . . . . . .
Reel Lapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bedbar Removal and Installation. . . . . . . . . . . .
Bedbar Bushing Replacement. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bedknife Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preparing Cutting Unit for Reel Grinding . . . . . .
Reel Removal and Bearing Replacement . . . . .
Bedknife Adjustment Knob Bearing Service . . .
Lift Bail Replacement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Page88- -11
Page
17
18
19
19
20
20
22
23
23
24
25
26
Table of Contents
Page 8 - 2
Greensmaster 3150
Specifications
Height--of--Cut : 3/32 (0.094) in. to 3/4 (0.75) in.
Clip Frequency and Optimum Height of Cut Range:
.
Model No
04468
04450
Clip (max.)
0.25 in.
0.18 in.
Optimum Height
of Cut Range
3/16 to 5/16 in.
1/8 to 7/32 in.
Roller Adjustment:
Front: Micrometer hand adjustment with bolted clamp
lock (1 turn = 0.025 in. height of cut change).
Rear: Roller brackets allow adjustment for different
heights of cut. Screw adjustment for leveling.
cated at center of bedbar. Adjustment knob contains
detent with .001 in. movement of bedknife for each indexed position. Pivot point at top of bedbar is greaseable.
Reel Speed: 1940 rpm (engine speed 2800 rpm).
Bedknife Screw Torque: 200 to 250 in-lb.
Reel Splined Drive Nut Torque: 40 to 60 ft-lbs.
Reel Bearing Rolling Torque: 7 in-lb. max.
Front or Rear Roller Run-Out: 0.014 in. max.
Bedknife to Reel Adjustment: Bedknife adjusts
against reel with positive adjustment control knob lo-
1.
2.
3.
Lift bail
Height of cut adjustment knob
Height of cut adjustment locknut
Greensmaster 3150
4.
5.
6.
Pull rod studs
Grass shield
Reel
Page 8 - 3
7.
8.
Heignt of cut brackets (2)
Bedknife adjusting knob
Specifications
Page 8 - 4
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 8 - 5
Page 8 - 6
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 8 - 7
Page 8 - 8
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 8 - 9
Page 8 - 10
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 8 - 11
Page 8 - 12
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 8 - 13
Page 8 - 14
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 8 - 15
Page 8 - 16
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 8 - 17
Page 8 - 18
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 8 - 19
Page 8 - 20
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 8 - 21
Page 8 - 22
Greensmaster 3150
Bedknife Replacement
1. Do steps 1 - 4 under Bedbar Removal and Installation in this section of the book.
2. Remove bedknife screws and remove bedknife.
3. Remove all rust, scale, and corrosion from bedbar
surface before installing the bedknife.
4. Install new bedknife with new bedknife screws
(57-4910). Apply clean SAE 30 oil to the screws before
installing screws. Tighten the screws to a torque of 200
to 250 in-lb. working from the center toward each end of
the bedbar (Fig. 34).
Figure 34
5. Grind the new bedknife to match it to the bedbar.
Note: For proper grinding of bedknife, follow procedures in the Toro publication “Sharpening Reel and
Rotary Mowers”, Form No. 80-300-PT.
6. Do steps 6 - 16 under Bedbar Removal and Installation in this section of the book.
Preparing Reel for Grinding
IMPORTANT: Adjust reel bearings before grinding
reel. (See Reel Bearing Service and Adjustment in
the Adjustments section of this chapter).
1. Do steps 1 - 4 under Bedbar Removal and Installation in this section of the book.
Note: Some reel grinders may require rear roller assembly be mounted to the cutting unit for proper support
in reel grinder. Rear roller must be parallel to reel shaft
to remove taper when grinding.
2. Raise or remove front roller assembly.
A. Loosen the locknuts securing height of cut adjusting rods at both ends of the cutting unit and the
roller shaft clamp bolts (Fig. 35).
B. Turn height of cut adjustment knobs to raise roller out of way or remove roller if necessary.
For proper grinding of reel, follow procedures in the Toro
publication “Sharpening Reel and Rotary Mowers”,
Form No. 80-300-PT.
Figure 35
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Height of cut locknut
Roller shaft clamp bolt
Height of cut knob
End cap mounting nuts
Counterbalance end cap
Reel bearing adjustment nut
3. Do steps 8 - 16 under Bedbar Removal and Installation in this section of the book. After grinding, assemble
cutting unit, check bearing adjustment and adjust top
shield and bar. Backlap if necessary to get desired fit between reel and bedknife.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 8 - 23
Repairs
Page 8 - 24
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 8 - 25
Page 8 - 26
Greensmaster 3150
Chapter 9
Grooming Reel Cutting Units
Table of Contents
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 - 3
SPECIAL TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 - 4
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 - 6
Factors Affecting Quality of Cut. . . . . . . . . . . . 9 - 6
Factors Affecting Grooming. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 - 8
Groomer Mechanical Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . 9 - 9
SET UP AND ADJUSTMENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 - 10
Adjustment Summary and Check List . . . . . . 9 - 10
Bedknife to Reel Contact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 - 11
Reel Bearing Service and Adjustment. . . . . . 9 - 12
Parallel Bedknife to Reel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 - 13
Leveling Rear Roller to Reel . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 - 14
Height of Cut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 - 16
Groomer Reel Depth Adjustment . . . . . . . . . 9 - 18
Shield Height Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 - 18
Top Bar Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 - 19
Groomer Reel Drive Belt Adjustment. . . . . . .
Pull Frame Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cutting Unit Removal and Installation . . . . . .
Reel Lapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bedbar Removal and Installation. . . . . . . . . .
Bedbar Bushing Replacement. . . . . . . . . . . .
Bedknife Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preparing Cutting Unit for Reel Grinding . . . .
Reel Removal and Bearing Replacement . . .
Groomer Reel Blade Service. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Groomer Reel Drive Belt Replacement . . . . .
Groomer Reel Removal and Installation . . . .
Groomer Reel Clutch Service . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bedknife Adjustment Knob Bearing Service .
Lift Bail Replacement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9 - 19
9 - 20
9 - 21
9 - 21
9 - 22
9 - 22
9 - 24
9 - 25
9 - 25
9 - 26
9 - 28
9 - 28
9 - 29
9 - 30
9 - 32
9 - 33
Introduction
See Chapter 7 - 4 Bolt Adjust Cutting Units for
specific information about 4 Bolt Adjust Cutting Units
equipped with Grooming Reels. Specific information for
4-Bolt Adjust Cutting Units (i.e., bedknife to reel adjust­
ment, bedbar removal and installation, and leveling rear
roller to reel) is not covered in this chapter.
®
Greensmaster3150
3100
Greensmaster
Page
Page 99 -- 11
Introduction
Page 9 - 2
Greensmaster 3150
Specifications
Height--of--Cut : 3/32 (0.094) in. to 3/4 (0.75) in.
Clip Frequency and Optimum Height of Cut Range:
.
Model No
04460 (8 blade reel)
04465 (11 blade reel)
Clip (max.)
0.25 in.
0.18 in.
Optimum Height
of Cut Range
3/16 to 5/16 in.
1/8 to 7/32 in.
Roller Adjustment:
Front: Micrometer hand adjustment with bolted clamp
lock (1 turn = 0.025 in. height of cut change).
Rear: Roller brackets allow adjustment for different
heights of cut. Screw adjustment for leveling.
Groomer Reel Raised Height: 5/16 (0.312) in. from
grooming reel height/depth adjustment.
Reel Speed: 1940 rpm (engine speed 2800 rpm).
Groomer Reel Speed: 3200 rpm.
Bedknife Screw Torque: 200 to 250 in-lb.
Reel Splined Drive Nut Torque: 40 to 60 ft-lbs.
Reel Bearing Rolling Torque: 7 in-lb. max.
Front or Rear Roller Run-Out: 0.014 in. max.
Bedknife to Reel Adjustment: Bedknife adjusts
against reel with positive adjustment control knob located at center of bedbar. Adjustment knob contains
detent with .001 in. movement of bedknife for each indexed position.
Groomer Reel Drive Belt Tension: 1/4 in. deflection
when a force of 5 - 10 lb. is applied midway between
drive pulley and driven pulley.
Groomer Reel Depth: 0.18 in. max. below height of cut.
Clutch Assembly Locknut Torque: 140 in-lb. (removing all end play).
1.
2.
3.
4.
Lift bail
Height of cut adjustment knob (2)
Height of cut adjustment locknut (2)
Pull rod studs (2)
Greensmaster 3150
5.
6.
7.
8.
Clutch Adapter Torque: 170 to 210 in-lb.
Grass shield
Reel
Groomer micro adjust locknut (2)
Bedknife adjusting knob
Page 9 - 3
9.
10.
11.
12.
Groomer reel
Groomer clutch snubber
Clutch engage/disengage knob
Groomer quick up/down lever
Specifications
Page 9 - 4
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 9 - 5
Page 9 - 6
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 9 - 7
Page 9 - 8
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 9 - 9
Page 9 - 10
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 9 - 11
Page 9 - 12
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 9 - 13
Page 9 - 14
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 9 - 15
Page 9 - 16
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 9 - 17
Page 9 - 18
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 9 - 19
Page 9 - 20
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 9 - 21
Page 9 - 22
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 9 - 23
Page 9 - 24
Greensmaster 3150
Bedknife Replacement
1. Do steps 1 - 4 under Bedbar Removal and Installation in this section of the book.
2. Remove bedknife screws and remove bedknife.
3. Remove all rust, scale, and corrosion from bedbar
surface before installing the bedknife.
4. Install new bedknife with new bedknife screws
(57-4910). Apply clean SAE 30 oil to the screws before
installing screws. Tighten the screws to a torque of 200
to 250 in-lb. working from the center toward each end of
the bedbar (Fig. 37).
5. Grind the new bedknife to match it to the bedbar.
Figure 37
Note: For proper grinding of bedknife, follow procedures in the Toro publication “Sharpening Reel and
Rotary Mowers”, Form No. 80-300-PT.
6. Do steps 6 - 16 under Bedbar Removal and Installation in this section of the book.
Preparing Reel for Grinding
IMPORTANT: Adjust reel bearings before grinding
reel. (See Reel Bearing Service and Adjustment in
the Adjustments section of this chapter).
1. Do steps 1 - 6 under Bedbar Removal and Installation in this section of the book.
Note: Some reel grinders may require rear roller assembly be mounted to the cutting unit for proper support
in reel grinder. Rear roller must be parallel to reel shaft
to remove taper when grinding.
2. Raise or remove front roller assembly.
A. Loosen the locknuts securing height of cut adjusting rods at both ends of the cutting unit and the
roller shaft clamp bolts (Fig. 38).
B. Turn height of cut adjustment knobs to raise roller out of way or remove roller if necessary.
For proper grinding of reel, follow procedures in the Toro
publication “Sharpening Reel and Rotary Mowers”,
Form No. 80-300-PT.
Figure 38
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Height of cut locknut
Roller shaft clamp bolt
Height of cut knob
Grooming reel cover
Cover screws and washers
3. Do steps 8 - 16 under Bedbar Removal and Installation in this section of the book. After grinding, assemble
cutting unit, check bearing adjustment and adjust top
shield and bar. Backlap if necessary to get desired fit between reel and bedknife.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 9 - 25
Repairs
Page 9 - 26
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 9 - 27
Page 9 - 28
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 9 - 29
Page 9 - 30
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 9 - 31
Page 9 - 32
Greensmaster 3150
Greensmaster 3150
Page 9 - 33
This page is intentionally blank.
Repairs
Page 9 -- 34
Greensmaster 3150
Chapter 10
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Table of Contents
2
3
5
5
7
7
8
8
8
Bedbar Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Bedbar Removal and Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Bedbar Adjuster Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Bedknife Replacement and Grinding . . . . . . . . . . 13
Reel Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Reel Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Left Side Plate Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Right Side Plate Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Reel Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Reel Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Preparing a Reel for Grinding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Front Roller Removal and Installation . . . . . . . . . 20
Roller Service (Roller Shaft with Circlip) . . . . . . . 22
Roller Service (Threaded Roller Shaft) . . . . . . . . 24
9
Cutting
Units
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPECIAL TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Factors Affecting Quality of Cut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SET UP AND ADJUSTMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SERVICE AND REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hydraulic Reel Motor
Removal, Inspection, and Installation . . . . . . . .
Backlapping
(Units without Optional Backlap/Variable Reel
Speed Kit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Backlapping
(Units with Optional Backlap/Variable Reel
Speed Kit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10 - 1 Rev. A
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Specifications
DUAL POINT
ADJUST UNIT
Figure 1
Height–of–Cut (HOC): Cutting height is adjusted on
the front roller by two vertical screws and held by two
locking capscrews. Standard bench height of cut range
is .062 inch (1.6 mm) to .375 inches (9.5 mm) depending
on type of bedknife installed. Bench height of cut range
with the High Height of Cut Kit installed is .285 inch
(7 mm) to 1 inch (25 mm). Effective HOC may vary depending on turf conditions, type of bedknife, rollers and
attachments installed.
Reel Construction: Reels are 5 inches (13 cm.) in diameter, 21 inches (53.3 cm.) in length. High strength low
alloy steel blades are thru hardened and impact resistant. Reels are available in 8 and 11 blade configurations.
Reel Bearings: Two double row self–aligning ball bearings, 30 +/–.1 mm inside diameter slip fit onto reel shaft
with lock nut. Additional inboard and outboard seals for
added protection. Reel position maintained by a wave
washer with no adjusting nut.
Reel Drive: The reel weldment shaft is a 1.375 inch diameter tube with drive inserts permanently pressed in
both ends. A replaceable floating coupler with an internal eight tooth spline is factory installed on the right end,
and held in place by a snap ring.
Frame Construction: Precision machined die cast aluminum cross member with two bolt–on die–cast aluminum side plates.
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Bedknife: Replaceable single edged, high carbon steel
bedknife is fastened to a machined cast iron bedbar with
13 screws. Tournament bedknife is standard.
Bedknife Adjustment: Dual screw adjustment to the
reel; detents corresponding to .0007 inch (.018 mm)
bedknife movement for each indexed position.
Front Roller: A variety of sealed bearing and through–
shaft front rollers are available for use with these cutting
units. The front roller brackets control the height-of-cut
by using two vertical adjustment screws, and are held in
position by a horizontal locking screw.
Rear Roller: Steel full, 2 inch (5.1 cm.) diameter with
sealed bearings and through–shaft. The rear roller has
two positions, allowing user to change the cutting unit attitude and the behind center distance of bedknife from
reel center line.
Counterbalance Weight: A cast iron weight mounted
opposite to the drive motor balances the cutting unit.
Grass Shield: Non–adjustable shield with adjustable
cut–off bar to improve grass discharge from reel in dry
conditions.
Maximum Reel Speed: 2200 RPM
Weight:
Page 10 - 2
8 Blade
11 Blade
72 lb. (32 kg)
75 lb. (34 kg)
Greensmaster 3150
Special Tools
OTC (Owatonna Tool Company) supplies special tools
for servicing Toro Commercial Products. The TORO
SPECIAL TOOLS AND APPLICATIONS GUIDE shows
service tool applications.
Some tools may have been supplied with your mower or
available as TORO parts. Some tools may also be available from a local supplier.
Gauge Bar Assembly
Used to verify height–of–cut.
Toro Model Number: 13–8199
Figure 2
Backlapping Brush Assembly
Used to apply lapping compound to cutting units while
keeping the operator’s hands at a safe distance from the
rotating reel.
Toro Model Number: TOR299100
Figure 3
Bedknife Screw Tool
This screwdriver–type bit is made to fit Toro bedknife attaching screws. Use this bit with a torque wrench to secure the bedknife to the bedbar.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT use and air or manual impact
wrench with this tool so damage to the bedbar will
be prevented.
Toro Model Number: TOR510880
Figure 4
Cutting
Units
Roller Bearing Installation Tools
Washers and spacer used to install bearings and seals
into front and rear rollers that have a threaded roller
shaft.
Seal installation washer (black): # 107–8133
Seal installation spacer: # 107–3505
Bearing installation washer (yellow): # 104–6126
Seal Installation
Washer
Seal Installation
Spacer
Bearing Installation
Washer
Figure 5
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10 - 3 Rev. A
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Bearing and Seal Installer (TOR4105)
Used to install bearings and seals into front and rear rollers that have a threaded roller shaft.
NOTE: TOR4105 is an alternative to using washers
and spacers listed above.
Figure 6
Inner Grease Seal Installation Washer
Inner grease seal installation washer Toro Part Number
104-0532
This washer is used when replacing the reel bearing inner grease seal. It enables pressing the grease seal to
a depth of .104 in. (2.64 mm) below the surface of the
cutting unit side plate.
Toro Part Number: 104-0532
Figure 7
Plastic Plug
This cap is used for placement into the bearing housing
when the reel motor is removed. It prevents dirt and debris from entering the housing.
Toro Part Number: 2410–30
Figure 8
Turf Evaluator Tool
Many turf discrepancies are subtle and require closer
examination. In these instances, the Turf Evaluator
grass viewing tool is helpful. It can assist turf managers
and service technicians in determining causes for poor
reel mower performance and in comparing the effective
height–of–cut of one mowed surface to another. This
tool should be used with the Toro Guide to Evaluation
Reel Mower Performance and Using the TurfEvaluator
(Toro part no. 97931SL)
Toro Model Number: 04399
Figure 9
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Page 10 - 4
Rev. A
Greensmaster 3150
Troubleshooting
There are a number of factors that can contribute to unsatisfactory quality of cut, some of which may be turf
conditions. Turf conditions such as excessive thatch,
“sponginess” or attempting to cut off too much grass
height may not always be overcome by adjusting the
cutting unit. It is important to remember that the lower
the height–of–cut, the more critical these factors are.
See Adjustments in the Cutting Unit Operator’s Manual
and the Service and Repairs section in this chapter of
this manual for detailed adjustment and repair information.
For additional information regarding cutting unit troubleshooting, see Aftercut Appearance Troubleshooting Aid
(Toro part no. 00076SL).
Factors That Can Affect Quality of Cut
Factor
Possible Problem/Correction
Tire pressure
Check pressure of all tires. Pressure must be equal on
both front tires. Adjust pressure as necessary.
See Chapter 6 – Wheels and Brakes.
Governed engine speed
Check maximum governed engine speed. Adjust
engine to specifications if necessary.
See Maintenance section in the Traction Unit
Operator’s Manual, and/or the Briggs & Stratton Repair
Manual for 4-cycle V-Twin Cylinder OHV Head Engines
Reel speed
All reels must rotate at the same speed (within 100
rpm). All cutting units must have equal bedknife to reel
and height–of–cut adjustments. Check reel speed
setting if an optional backlap/variable reel speed kit is
installed.
See Troubleshooting in Chapter 4 – Hydraulic System
in this manual.
Reel bearing condition
Check bearings for wear and replace if necessary.
See Reel and Bearing Removal and Installation in this
chapter of this manual.
A reel and/or bedknife that has rounded cutting edges
or “rifling” (grooved or wavy appearance) cannot be
corrected by tightening the bedknife to reel contact.
Grind reel to remove taper and/or rifling. Grind
bedknife to sharpen and/or remove rifling.
The most common cause of rifling is bedknife to reel
contact that is too tight.
A new bedknife must be ground or backlapped
after installation to the bedbar.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10 - 5
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Cutting
Units
Reel and bedknife sharpness
Factor
Possible Problem/Correction
Bedknife to reel adjustment
Check bedknife to reel contact daily. The bedknife
must have light contact across the entire reel. No
contact will dull the cutting edges. Excessive contact
accelerates wear of both edges. Quality of cut is
adversely affected by both conditions (see Bedknife to
Reel Adjustment in the Cutting Unit Operator’s
Manual).
Slightly dull cutting edges may be corrected by
backlapping (see Backlapping in this chapter of this
manual).
Excessively dull cutting edges must be corrected by
grinding the reel and bedknife (see Preparing Reel for
Grinding in this chapter of this manual).
Rear roller adjustment
Adjust the rear roller brackets to hi or low position
depending on the height-of-cut range desired.
See Rear Roller Adjustment in the Cutting Unit
Operator’s Manual.
Height–of–cut
“Effective” or actual height–of–cut depends on the
cutting unit weight and turf conditions. Effective
height–of–cut will be different from the bench set
height–of–cut.
See Height–of–Cut Adjustment in the Cutting Unit
Operator’s Manual.
Proper bedknife selection for height–of–cut desired
If the bedknife is too thick for effective height–of–cut,
poor quality of cut will result.
Stability of bedbar
Make sure bedbar pivot bolts are seated securely.
Check condition of the bushings in the side plates.
See Bedbar Removal and Installation in this chapter of
this manual.
Number of reel blades
Use correct number of blades for clip frequency and
optimum height–of–cut range.
Cutting unit alignment and pull frame ground following
Check pull frames and lift arms for damage, binding, or
bushing wear. Repair if necessary.
Roller condition
Make sure rollers rotate freely. Repair bearings as
necessary.
See Roller Bearing Replacement in the Service and
Repairs section in this chapter of this manual.
Cutting Unit drop speed and sequence
Rear cutting unit must drop after front cutting units.
See Rear Lift Cylinder Flow Control Valve in Chapter 4
– Hydraulic System in this manual.
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Page 10 - 6
Greensmaster 3150
Set Up and Adjustments
Characteristics
If a cutting unit is determined to be out of adjustment,
complete the following procedures in the specified order
to adjust the cutting unit properly.
CAUTION
Never install or work on the cutting units or lift
arms with the engine running. Always stop engine and remove key first.
The dual knob bedknife–to–reel adjustment system incorporated in this cutting unit simplifies the adjustment
procedure needed to deliver optimum mowing performance. The precise adjustment possible with this design gives the necessary control to provide a continual
self–sharpening action. This feature maintains sharp
cutting edges, assures good quality of cut, and greatly
reduces the need for routine backlapping.
1. Adjust the bedknife parallel to the reel.
2. Determine desired height of cut range and install
rear roller mounting shim accordingly.
3. Adjust the height-of-cut.
4. Adjust the cut-off bar.
See Cutting Unit Operator’s Manual for adjustment procedures for the cutting units on the Greensmaster 3150.
Cutting
Units
In addition, the rear roller positioning system allows for
two height-of-cut ranges.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10 - 7
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Service and Repairs
Hydraulic Reel Motor
Inspection
IMPORTANT: When performing maintenance procedures on the cutting units, store the cutting unit
reel motors in support tubes on the frame to prevent
damage to the hoses. Do not raise suspension to
transport position when the reel motors are in the
holders in the traction unit frame. Damage to the
motors or hoses could result.
1. Check reel drive coupler splines for wear. Replace
if necessary (see Reel Removal and Installation in this
chapter of this manual).
Removal
1. Coat spline shaft of the motor with clean No. 2 multipurpose lithium base grease.
1. Park machine on a clean and level surface, lower
cutting units completely to the ground, stop engine, engage parking brake, and remove key from the ignition
switch.
2. Install the flange head screws for the reel drive motor into the motor adapter plate and leave approximately
1/2 inch (12.7 mm) of threads exposed on each screw.
2. Remove basket from carrier frame.
3. Install motor by rotating the motor clockwise so the
motor flanges clear the flange head screws.
3. Loosen flange head screws that secure the hydraulic motor to the motor adapter plate. Rotate motor clockwise, and remove motor.
Installation
4. Rotate the motor counterclockwise until the motor
flanges are encircling the flange head screws. Tighten
flange head screws.
4. Place protective plastic cap (see Special Tools) into
the hole in the motor adapter plate.
Backlapping (Units without Optional Backlap/Variable Reel Speed Kit)
TOP FACE
CAUTION
RELIEF ANGLE
Be careful when backlapping the reel because
contact with the reel or other moving parts can
result in personal injury.
FRONT
FACE
FRONT ANGLE
1. Remove reel motors from the cutting units and cutting units from the lift arms and pull frame (see Cutting
Unit Removal and Installation).
2. Connect the backlapping machine to the cutting unit
by inserting a piece of 3/8–inch socket extension drive
into the splined reel drive coupling.
3. Attach backlap motor or drive to the socket extension.
REMOVE
BURR
Figure 10
Note: For a better cutting edge, run a file across the
front face of the bedknife when the lapping operation is
completed. This will remove any burrs or rough edges
that may have built up on the cutting edge.
4. Follow instructions and procedures for backlapping
in the Toro Service Training Book, Sharpening Reel and
Rotary Mowers, part no. 80300SL.
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Page 10 - 8
Greensmaster 3150
Backlapping (Units with Optional Backlap/Variable Reel Speed Kit)
2
DANGER
CLOCKWISE
1
TO AVOID PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH:
Never place hands or feet in the reel area
while the engine is running.
While backlapping, the reels may stall and
then restart.
Do not attempt to restart reels by hand or
foot.
Do not adjust reels while the engine is
running.
If a reel stalls, stop engine before
attempting to clear the reel.
Reel motors are connected in series, moving
one motor moves the other two.
3
4
Figure 11
2. Move functional control lever to the Neutral/Backlap
position.
IMPORTANT: Do not attempt to rotate the directional valve knob when the machine or reels are running.
3. Raise seat and rotate directional valve knob fully
clockwise to the backlap position.
4. Rotate flow control valve knob to position 6.
5. On all cutting units, make initial reel to bedknife adjustments appropriate for backlapping (see Bedknife to
Reel Adjustment in Cutting Unit Operator’s Manual).
6. Start engine and move Raise / Lower – Mow control
forward to start the reels.
7. Rotate flow control valve knob to position 1.
8. Apply lapping compound with a long handled brush
(see Special Tools).
CAUTION
3. Flow control valve knob
4. Hydraulic manifold
9. To make an adjustment to the cutting units while
backlapping, turn reels OFF by moving the RAISE/
LOWER–MOW control to the RAISE position. Shut off
engine. After the adjustments have been completed, repeat steps 4 through 6.
10. When the backlap operation is completed, shut off
engine and rotate directional valve knob counter–clockwise fully (90 from the backlap position) to forward
position. Also, rotate flow control valve knob to position
13 for height–of–cut settings of a 1/4 inch or below.
Note: For additional settings, refer to the instructions
on the decal that is located on the underside of the seat
support.
11. Wash all lapping compound off the cutting units.
12. For a better cutting edge, run a file across the front
face of the bedknife when the lapping operation is completed. This will remove any burrs or rough edges that
may have built up on the cutting edge.
Note: Additional instructions and procedures on
backlapping are available in the Toro Service Training
Book, Sharpening Reel and Rotary Mowers, part no.
80300SL.
Cutting
Units
1. Position machine on a clean and level surface, lower cutting units, stop engine, engage parking brake, and
remove key from the ignition switch.
1. Directional valve knob
2. Ball switch
Be careful when backlapping the reel because
contact with the reel or other moving parts can
result in personal injury.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10 - 9
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Bedbar Assembly
15
6
4
5
15
9
10
1
5
2
3
16
4
4
17
5
8
7
11
190 to 240 in–lbs
(21 to 27 Nm)
14
12
Antiseize
Lubricant
13
Figure 12
1. Side plate
2. Rubber bushing
3. Flange bushing
4. Washer (plastic)
5. Washer (metal)
6. Bedbar
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Bedbar pivot bolt
Flange nut
Flange nut
Shim
Spacer
Retainer
Page 10 - 10
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
Cap screw
Rear roller assembly
Lock nut
Bedknife
Bedknife screw
Greensmaster 3150
Bedbar Removal and Installation
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ÇÇÇÇ
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6
1. Position machine on a clean and level surface, lower cutting units, stop engine, engage parking brake, and
remove key from the ignition switch.
2. Remove the basket from the cutting unit carrier
frame.
3. Disconnect the drive motor from the cutting unit.
4. Disconnect the cutting unit from the pull link.
5. Unhook the cutting unit from the lift arm and slide the
cutting unit out from under the carrier frame.
6. Loosen the two lock nuts (15) on the end of each
bedbar adjuster assembly.
7. Loosen the two flange nuts (8) on each bedbar pivot
bolt (7).
8. Remove the two bedbar pivot bolts (7), and each of
the washers (4 and 5) from the outside of the cutting unit
side plates.
9. Remove the bedbar (6) and each of the washers (4
and 5) from the inside of the cutting unit side plates.
10. Inspect flange bushings (3) and remove if necessary.
11. Inspect rubber bushings (2) and remove if necessary.
Installation (Fig. 12)
1. If either rubber bushing (2) was removed from the
side plate, install a new bushing. The bushing should be
installed flush with the inside of the side plate (Fig. 13).
2. Install the flange bushings (3) with flange facing outward.
3. Thread the flange nuts (8) all the way up to the head
of each bedbar pivot bolt (7) and apply antiseize lubricant to the threads of each bedbar pivot bolt (7).
5
1
4
2
3 4
8
7
5
Figure 13
1.
2.
3.
4.
Sideplate
Rubber bushing
Flange bushing
Washer (plastic)
5.
6.
7.
8.
Washer (metal)
Bedbar
Bedbar pivot bolt
Flange nut
4. Slide one metal washer (5) and one plastic washer
(4) onto each bedbar pivot bolt. The metal washer (5)
must contact the flange nut (8) (Fig. 13).
5. Position bedbar (6) into cutting unit. Slide the top of
the bedbar arms between washers on each adjuster assembly.
6. Position one metal washer (5) and one plastic washer (4) between bedbar and each side plate. The metal
washer (5) must contact the bedbar (Fig. 13).
7. Install the bedbar pivot bolt assemblies. Tighten
each bedbar pivot bolt from 190 to 240 in–lbs (21 to 27
Nm).
8. Tighten both flange nuts (8) to remove end play at
the outer washers. Do not over tighten the flange nuts
or distort the side plates.
9. Tighten the lock nut (15) on each bedbar adjuster
assembly until the adjuster spring is fully compressed,
then loosen lock nut 1/2 turn.
10. Adjust cutting unit (see Cutting Unit Operator’s
Manual).
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10 - 11
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Cutting
Units
Removal (Fig. 12)
Bedbar Adjuster Service
9
6
8
5
7
4
3
2
12
11
10
2
1
Figure 14
1. Adjuster shaft
2. Flange bushing
3. Cutting unit frame
4. Wave washer
5.
6.
7.
8.
Jam nut
Adjuster screw
Detent
Lock washer
9.
10.
11.
12.
Cap screw
Washer
Spring
Lock nut
Removal (Fig. 14)
Installation (Fig. 14)
1. Remove bedbar (see Bedbar Removal in this section of this manual).
1. If the detent (7) was removed, install the cap screw
(9) and secure detent to the cutting unit frame with cap
screw and lock washer.
2. Remove locknut (12), spring (11), and washer (10)
from adjuster screw.
2. If flange bushings (2) were removed, align key on
bushing to slot in frame and install bushings.
3. Unscrew adjuster (6) from the adjuster shaft (1).
4. Remove jam nut (5) and wave washer (4) from adjuster shaft and remove adjuster shaft from cutting unit
frame.
5. Inspect flange bushings (2) and remove if necessary.
6. If the detent (7) is damaged, remove it from the cutting unit frame by removing the cap screw (9) and lock
washer (8).
3. Apply antiseize lubricant on internal threads of adjuster shaft (1) and slide into flange bushings in cutting
unit frame.
4. Install wave washer (4). Apply Loctite 242 or equivalent to the threads of the jam nut (5). Tighten jam nut
from 15 to 20 ft–lbs (20 to 27 Nm).
5. Screw adjuster (6) into adjuster shaft.
6. Install washer (10), spring (11), and lock nut (12)
onto adjuster screw.
7. Install bedbar (see Bedbar Installation in this section of this manual).
8. Adjust cutting unit (see Cutting Unit Operator’s
Manual).
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Page 10 - 12
Greensmaster 3150
Bedknife Replacement and Grinding
Removal
2
1. Remove bedbar from frame (see Bedbar Removal).
1
2. Remove screws from bedbar using a socket wrench
and bedknife screw tool (see Special Tools). Discard
screws. Remove bedknife from the bedbar (Fig. 15).
3. Use scraper to remove all rust, scale and corrosion
from bedbar surface before installing bedknife.
3
Replacement
1. Make sure bedbar threads are clean. Use new
screws. Apply clean SAE 30 oil to the screws before
installing.
Figure 15
1. Screw
2. Bedbar
3. Bedknife
IMPORTANT: Do not use an impact wrench to tighten screws into the bedbar.
2. Using a torque wrench and bedknife screw tool,
tighten screws to a torque of 200 to 250 in–lb (22 to
28 Nm). Use a torquing pattern working from the center
toward each end of the bedknife (Fig. 16).
3. Install bedbar to frame (see Bedbar Installation).
Grinding
Since there can be variations in the mounting surface of
the bedbar, a new bedknife will not be perfectly flat after
it is installed. Because of this, it is necessary to backlap
or grind a new bedknife after installing it to the bedbar.
Follow the existing angle that was ground into the bedknife and grind only enough to make sure the top surface
is true (Fig. 17).
13 11
9
7
5
3
1
2
4
6
8
10 12
Figure 16
Top Face
Relief Angle
1. Remove bedbar from the cutting unit (see Bedbar
Removal).
Remove
Burr
Front
Face
Note: When grinding, be careful to not overheat the
bedknife. Remove small amounts of material with each
pass of the grinder.
Front Angle
2. Use Toro Service Training Book, Sharpening Reel
and Rotary Mowers (part no. 80300SL) for bedknife
grinding information.
Figure 17
Bedknife relief angle
Front Angle
Front Angle Range
Cutting
Units
Bedknife Grinding Specifications
3 (see Fig. 17)
13
13 to 17
3. Reinstall bedbar to cutting unit (see Bedbar Installation).
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10 - 13
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Reel Assembly
21
24
20
23
19
22
8
9
10
17
11
12
25
13
18
3
16
2
13
#2
General Purpose
Grease
17 to 20 ft–lbs
(23 to 27 Nm)
14
12
15
6
1
7
4
RIGHT
5
FRONT
8
2
#2
General Purpose
Grease
9
3
Figure 18
1. Reel
2. Speedi sleeve
3. V–ring
4. Drive coupler
5. Retaining ring
6. Left side plate assembly
7. Shoulder bolt
8. Bearing lock nut
9. Outer grease seal
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
Right side plate assembly
O–ring
Bearing
Inner grease seal
Retaining ring
Wave washer
Seal strip
Frame assembly
Page 10 - 14
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
Flange nut
Cap screw
Lift hook
Cap screw
Grass shield
Washer
Cap screw
Lock nut
Greensmaster 3150
Reel Removal (Fig. 18)
1. Remove reel motor from the cutting unit (see Hydraulic Reel Motor Removal in this chapter).
2. Remove the 2 capscrews securing the counter
weight to the side plate (Fig. 19). Remove the counter
weight.
1
3. Remove the bedbar assembly (see Bedbar Removal in this chapter).
Note: Depending on tools available, it may be necessary to remove the reel motor adapter plate before removing the left end bearing lock nut (8).
4. Remove the reel bearing lock (8) nut from each end
of the reel shaft.
5. Loosen the setscrews securing the front roller to the
height of cut arms (Fig. 20). Do not remove the set
screws.
Figure 19
1. Counter weight
6. Loosen the saddle strap screws and flange nuts securing the rear roller to the the side plates (Fig. 20). Do
not remove the screws and nuts.
7. Remove the capscrew (24), washer (23) and lock
nut (25) securing each end of the grass shield to the side
plates. These are the only capscrews that must to be removed. The grass shield and the lift hook do not need
to be removed.
8. Remove the 2 shoulder bolts (7) securing the right
hand side plate to the cutting unit frame. Remove the
side plate from the reel shaft and roller shafts.
9. Remove the 2 shoulder bolts (7) securing the left
hand side plate to the cutting unit frame. Remove the
side plate from the reel shaft and the roller shafts.
2
1
Figure 20
2. Rear roller saddle strap
screws
Cutting
Units
1. Front roller set screw
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10 - 15
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Left Side Plate Service (Fig. 18)
Right Side Plate Service (Fig. 18)
1. Remove the inner grease seal (13) and outer
grease seal (9) from the side plate (6).
1. Remove the inner grease seal (13) and outer
grease seal (9) from the side plate (10).
2. Remove the retaining ring (14) securing the bearing
in the side plate. Remove the bearing (12). Inspect the
bearing to insure that it spins freely and has minimal axial play. The bearing balls must be free of deformation
and scoring. Replace the bearing if necessary.
2. Remove the bearing (12). Inspect the bearing to insure that it spins freely and has minimal axial play. The
bearing balls must be free of deformation and scoring.
Replace the bearing if necessary.
3. Remove the wave washer (15).
3. Remove the O–ring (11) from the groove in the side
plate bore.
4. Remove all grease from the side plate bore.
4. Remove all grease from the side plate bore.
5. Insert the wave washer (15) into the side plate.
Note: Replacement Seal Kit (Toro Part No. 106-6937)
is available for side plate service of dual point adjust cutting units.
Note: Replacement Seal Kit (Toro Part No. 106-6937)
is available for side plate service of dual point adjust cutting units.
6. Pack the bearing (12) with Mobil High Temperature
HP or equivalent grease. Insert the bearing into the side
plate against the wave washer.
7. Press the retaining ring (14) into the groove, slightly
compressing the bearing and wave washer.
8. Pack the cavity of the inner seal (13) with Mobil High
Temperature HP or equivalent grease.
9. Using inner grease seal installation washer (Toro
Part Number 104-0532) press the inner seal (13) into
the side plate until the washer is flush with the outer
edge of the side plate bore. Remove the washer. When
properly installed, the seal should be positioned .104 in.
below the inner edge of the side plate bore.
10. Press the outer seal (9) into the side plate until it is
flush with the the outer edge of the side plate bore.
IMPORTANT: The outer grease seal (9) should be
installed so the lip is facing out. This helps keep
contamination from entering, and allows grease to
vent or purge out if necessary (Fig. 22).
11. Fill remaining voids, behind inner grease seal (13)
and outer grease seal (9) lips with Mobil High Temperature HP or equivalent grease.
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
5. Insert the O–ring (11) into the groove in the side
plate. Apply a light coating of grease onto the O–ring, after it is installed.
6. Pack the bearing (12) with Mobil High Temperature
HP or equivalent grease. Insert the bearing into the side
plate until it is against the bottom of the bore.
7. Pack the cavity of the inner seal (13) with Mobil High
Temperature HP or equivalent grease.
8. Using inner grease seal installation washer (Toro
Part Number 104-0532) press the inner seal (13) into
the side plate until the washer is flush with the outer
edge of the side plate bore. Remove the washer. When
properly installed, the seal should be positioned .104 in.
(2.6 mm) below the inner edge of the side plate bore.
9. Press the outer seal (9) into the side plate until it is
flush with the the outer edge of the side plate bore.
IMPORTANT: The outer grease seal (9) should be
installed so the lip is facing out. This helps keep
contamination from entering, and allows grease to
vent or purge out if necessary (Fig. 22).
10. Fill remaining voids, behind inner grease seal (13)
and outer grease seal (9) lips with Mobil High Temperature HP or equivalent grease.
Page 10 - 16
Greensmaster 3150
Reel Service (Fig. 18)
3
Note: Install new reel components on each end of the
reel shaft that mates with newly serviced side plate components.
1. Remove the retaining ring (5) and the drive coupler
(4) from the end of the reel shaft.
2. Remove the V–ring (3) from the reel shaft.
2
1
3. Using a flat blade screw driver or similar tool, remove the speedi sleeve (2) from the reel shaft.
Figure 21
Note: Replacement Seal Kit (Toro Part No. 106-6937)
is available for reel service of dual point adjust cutting
units.
4. Inspect the reel shaft as follows:
1. Reel shaft
2. Drive adapter
3. Adapter spline
3
2
5
A. Check the reel shaft for bending and distortion
by placing the shaft ends in V–blocks. Replace the
reel if necessary.
B. Check the reel blades for bending or cracking
Replace the reel if necessary.
C. Check the drive adapter inside of the reel shaft
(Fig. 21). The adapter should be free of bending and
distortion. Check the splines for excessive cracks or
distortion. Replace the reel if necessary.
D. Check the service limit of the reel diameter. Replace the reel if necessary.
5. Using an appropriate I.D. tube or sleeve, press the
speedi sleeve onto the reel shaft until it bottoms out on
the spider cup (Fig. 22).
4
1
.104 Seal Depth
IMPORTANT: Do not nick or scratch the Speedi
sleeve surface as seal failure could result.
Figure 22
6. Slide the V–ring onto the reel shaft with the thick
shoulder of the V–ring facing inward (Fig. 22).
1. Outer seal
2. Inner seal
3. Speedi sleeve
4. V-ring
5. Left side plate
7. Fill the drive coupling (4) 1/2 to 1/3 full with Mobil
High Temperature HP or equivalent grease. Also, coat
the outside of the drive coupling with grease.
Cutting
Units
8. Install the retaining ring (5). Make sure it is seated
into the groove.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10 - 17
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Reel Installation (Fig. 18)
IMPORTANT: Wipe any excess grease from the inner
grease seals (13) where the reel shaft V–rings (3) make
contact. The V–rings should run dry.
1. Slide the left hand side plate (6) onto the reel shaft.
Make sure the reel shaft threads do not damage the
grease seals in the side plate.
2. Apply a film of No. 2 general purpose grease to the
reel shaft threads and install the left side reel bearing
locknut (8).
3. Slide the right hand side plate (10) onto the reel
shaft. Make sure the reel shaft threads do not damage
the grease seals in the side plate.
4. Apply a film of No. 2 general purpose grease to the
reel shaft threads and install the right side reel bearing
locknut (8).
5. Mount the frame assembly (17) to the side plates
with the four shoulder bolts (7). Torque the shoulder
bolts to 17 to 20 ft-lbs. (23 to 27 Nm).
6. Secure the grass shield (22) to the side plates with
two capscrews (24), washers (23), and lock nuts (25).
7. Torque the reel bearing locknuts (8) to 50 to 60 ftlbs. (68 to 81 Nm).
8. Install the bedbar assembly (see Bedbar Installation
in this chapter).
2
1
Figure 23
1. Rear roller
2. Saddle clamp
10. Install the front roller (see Front Roller Installation in
this chapter).
11. Adjust the cutting unit. See the Cutting Unit Operator’s Manual for adjustment procedures.
Note: The parallel position of the rear roller to the reel
is controlled by the precision machined components of
the assembled cutting unit. Only a limited amount of adjustment is possible if necessary due to tapered reel
wear. To adjust:
A. Place the assembled cutting unit on a surface
plate.
9. Install the rear roller as follows (Fig. 23):
A. On one of the saddle clamps, remove one of the
screws and nuts securing it to the side plate.
B. Loosen each bedbar adjuster assembly, both
cap screws (24), and all four shoulder bolts (7).
B. Install rear roller into saddle clamps and loosely
secure it with the screw and nut previously removed.
C. Adjust the cutting unit and tighten the shoulder
bolts (7) to a torque of 17 to 20 ft-lbs. (23 to 27 Nm).
D. Tighten the cap screws (24).
C. Center the roller between side plates. Tighten
the saddle clamp screws and nuts to secure the roller.
E. Tighten each bedbar adjuster assembly until the
adjuster spring is fully compressed, then loosen
lock nut 1/2 turn.
Note: For severely tapered reels, a .010 in. (.254 mm)
shim (Toro Part No. 106-6923) is available for the rear
roller mount.
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Page 10 - 18
Greensmaster 3150
Preparing a Reel for Grinding
Note: Check to make sure the reel bearings are in
good condition before grinding a reel.
A. Install parts removed to mount cutting unit into
grinder.
1. Remove bedbar assembly (see Bedbar Removal
and Installation).
B. Install bedbar assembly (see Bedbar Removal
and Installation).
2. Remove parts as necessary to mount cutting unit
into grinder (e.g., front roller, front roller brackets).
C. Complete cutting unit set–up and adjustment sequence (see Cutting Unit Operator’s Manual).
Note: The cutting unit must be aligned so the grinding
wheel will travel parallel to the reel shaft. This will result
in the the reel being ground to the desired cylinder
shape.
Reel Grinding Specifications
Note: When grinding, be careful to not overheat the
reel blades. Remove small amounts of material with
each pass of the grinder.
Blade Relief Angle
30
Relief Angle Range
20 to 40
3. After completing the grinding process:
Nominal Reel Diameter
5.06 in (128.5 mm)
Service Limit Reel Diameter
4.56 in (118.8 mm)
Blade Land Width
0.040 in (1.0 mm)
Land Width Range
0.030 to 0.060 in (0.7 to 1.5 mm)
Service Limit Reel Taper
0.040 in (1.0 mm)
BLADE RELIEF ANGLE
REEL DIAMETER
BLADE
LAND
WIDTH
Cutting
Units
D2
D1
REEL DIAMETER TAPER = D1 – D2
Figure 24
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10 - 19
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Front Roller Removal and Installation
Removal (Fig. 25)
1. Position machine on a clean and level surface, lower cutting units, stop engine, engage parking brake, and
remove key from the ignition switch.
Note: The front roller can be removed with the cutting
unit either attached to the lift arm or removed from the
lift arm. Determine your maintenance needs.
6
2. Loosen cap screws securing the roller shafts to
each front bracket.
4
5
2
3. Remove the lock nut, tab washer, and carriage
screw securing one of the front roller brackets to the cutting unit frame assembly.
3
1
Figure 25
4. Remove the front bracket and slide the roller and
shaft from the cutting unit. Remove the remaining front
roller bracket if necessary.
4. Carriage screw
5. Lock nut
6. Tab washer
3. Slide roller shaft into the front bracket attached to
the cutting unit. Slide second front bracket on the other
end of roller. Secure bracket with carriage screw, tab
washer, and lock nut.
Installation (Fig. 25)
1. Place cutting unit on a level working surface.
2. If both front roller brackets were removed:
A. Insert carriage screw through the cutting unit
side plate and front bracket. Secure carriage screw
and roller bracket with tab washer and lock nut.
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
1. Cap screw
2. Roller assembly
3. Front roller bracket
4. Apply Loctite 242 or equivalent to the cap screw
threads. Center roller in the front brackets and secure
into place with the cap screws.
5. Adjust cutting unit height–of–cut (see Cutting Unit
Operator’s Manual).
Page 10 - 20
Greensmaster 3150
Cutting
Units
This page is intentionally blank.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10 - 21 Rev. A
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Roller Service (Roller Shaft with Circlip)
4
v
1
2
3
6
5
Figure 26
1.
2.
Roller seal
Spiral retaining ring
3.
4.
Roller bearing
Rear roller body
5.
6.
Seal Removal
Roller shaft
Front roller body
.188 in. dia (2)
1. Make a seal removal tool from a 1/4 x3 x 3 in (.63 x
7.6 x 7.6 cm) piece of steel as shown (Fig. 27).
2. Slide seal removal over roller end of roller shaft.
3. Use the tool as a template to locate, mark, and drill
two 7/64 in. diameter holes in the outer face of the seal.
4. Thread two No. 8 x 3/4 in long (.164 in. diameter)
self-tapping screws through the seal removal tool and
into the drilled holes in the seal.
.625 in. dia.
.625 in.
.625 in.
1/4–20 UNC (2)
1.05 in.
5. Thread two 1/4–20 x 1 in. long cap screws into the
seal removal tool.
1.05 in.
Figure 27
6. Alternately tighten the cap screws to pull the seal
from the roller body.
Note: Seals will be destroyed during removal. Do not
re-use seals that have been removed from the roller.
Seal Installation
1. Apply a thin film of clean oil to the inner lip of the seal
and slide the seal over the end of the roller shaft.
2. Press the seal squarely into the roller body. The seal
face should be flush with the end of the roller body when
correctly installed.
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Page 10 - 22
Rev. A
Greensmaster 3150
Bearing Removal
2
Note: Replace both roller bearings as a set after a
bearing failure.
3
1
1. Remove the roller seals (see Roller Seal Removal
in this chapter of this manual).
2. Remove both spiral retaining rings from the roller
shaft.
5
Note: Roller bearings have a press fit into the roller
body and a slip fit on the roller shaft.
3. Loosely secure roller body in a vise. Lightly tap one
end of the roller shaft with a plastic hammer to drive the
shaft and one of the bearings from the roller body.
4
Figure 28
1. Roller shaft
2. Roller body
3. Seal
4. Bearing
5. Spiral retaining ring
4. Use the roller shaft to remove the remaining bearing.
5. Clean roller bearing cavity and remove any rust or
corrosion with an abrasive cloth.
6. Inspect bearings, roller shaft, spiral retaining rings,
and roller body for wear or damage. Replace components as necessary.
Bearing Installation
1. Pressing against the outer race of the bearing only,
drive one bearing all the way into either end of the roller
body (Fig. 28).
2. Slide roller shaft through roller body and installed
bearing.
3. Install spiral retaining ring against installed bearing.
4. Slide the remaining bearing onto the roller shaft.
Pressing against the outer race of the bearing only, drive
the remaining bearing all the way into the end of the roller body (Fig. 28).
5. Install remaining spiral retaining ring.
Cutting
Units
6. Install new seals (see Roller Seal Installation in this
chapter of this manual).
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10 - 23 Rev. A
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Roller Service (Threaded Roller Shaft)
1
7
6
5
4
2
4
5
6
7
3
Figure 29
1. Wiehle roller
2. Smooth roller
3. Roller shaft
4. Ball bearing
5. Seal
Disassembly
6. V–ring
7. Bearing lock nut
1
1. To hold roller shaft for bearing lock nut removal,
install a 3/8–24 UNF 2B screw into threaded end of roller
shaft and secure in place with jam nut. While retaining
shaft, remove bearing lock nut from each end of roller
shaft.
2
3
4
5
6
2. Remove v–ring from each end of roller.
3. Carefully inspect seating surface and threads of
bearing lock nuts. Replace lock nut if any damage is
found.
4. Loosely secure roller assembly in bench vise and
lightly tap one end of roller shaft until seal and bearing
are removed from roller cavity. Remove second seal and
bearing from roller cavity by tapping on shaft.
Figure 30
1. Roller
2. Ball bearing
3. Seal
5. Clean bearing cavity in roller and remove any rust
with crocus cloth.
4. V–ring
5. Bearing lock nut
6. Roller shaft
3
2 1
Assembly
1. Place roller shaft into roller.
Note: If bearing lock nuts are being replaced, use
original lock nuts for assembly purposes, if possible.
This will preserve the patch lock feature in the new lock
nuts. Use the new nuts only after new bearings and
seals have been installed.
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Figure 31
1. Bearing lock nut
2. Black assembly washer
Page 10 - 24 Rev. A
3. Bearing
Greensmaster 3150
Note: Special tool TOR4105 (see Special Tools) can
be used instead of washers and spacer when installing
bearings and seals in roller.
2
3
1
4
2. Position a new bearing, black assembly washer (see
Special Tools) and original lock nut onto each end of the
roller shaft (Fig. 31).
3. Tighten nuts until the bearings are seated into each
end of the roller.
4. Remove nut and black assembly washer from each
end of the roller.
IMPORTANT: Failure to grease bearing lock nut before seal installation may result in seal damage.
Figure 32
1. Bearing lock nut
2. Seal
3. Grease nut surface
4. Pack with grease
5. Apply a coating of grease to the nut surface to prevent seal damage during seal installation (Fig. 32).
2
1
6. Carefully install seals onto bearing lock nuts. Pack
the back of the seal 75 to 90% full with #2 grease (Fig.
32).
7. Install a nut with seal onto each end of the roller shaft.
Tighten nuts until they bottom against bearings (Fig. 33).
Remove nuts from roller shaft.
8. Position an assembly spacer and yellow assembly
washer (see Special Tools) on each end of roller shaft
(Fig. 34). Thread nut onto each end of shaft.
Figure 33
1. Bearing lock nut
2. Seal
9. Tighten each nut until the yellow assembly washers
bottom out against the roller housing. Remove nuts, assembly washers and assembly spacers from roller
shaft.
4
3 2
1
Note: If original bearing lock nut(s) are being used,
apply Loctite #242 (or equivalent) to threads of lock
nut(s).
10.Insert a V–ring onto each bearing lock nut.
Figure 34
11. Lubricate lips of installed seals with #2 grease.
1. Bearing lock nut
2. Yellow assembly washer
3. Assembly spacer
4. Seal
Cutting
Units
12.Install bearing lock nut with V–ring onto each end of
the roller shaft. Torque lock nuts from 25 to 30 ft–lb (34
to 41 Nm).
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10 - 25 Rev. A
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
This page is intentionally blank.
Dual Point Adjust Cutting Units
Page 10 - 26 Rev. A
Greensmaster 3150
Chapter 10.1
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit)
Table of Contents
2
3
3
4
4
5
6
6
SERVICE AND REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Groomer Belt Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Groomer Reel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Groomer Reel Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Groomer Reel Bearing Replacement . . . . . . . . . 12
Idler Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Lift Arm Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Groomer Brush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Groomer
(DPA Cutting Unit)
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transport Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Factors Affecting Grooming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Groomer Reel Mechanical Problems . . . . . . . . . . .
ADJUSTMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Height/Depth of Groomer Adjustment . . . . . . . . . .
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10.1 – 1
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit) (Rev. A)
Specifications
MOUNTING: The groomer is mounted to the Dual Point
Adjust (DPA) cutting reel bearing housings and frame.
REEL CONSTRUCTION: 2.375 inch (6 cm) diameter,
41 steel blades with 1/2 inch blade spacing. Blade spacing can be adjusted to 1/4 inch or 3/4 inch by altering the
position of blade spacers on the groomer.
GROOMER PENETRATION: From .410 inch (10.4
mm) above ground level to 0.125 inch (3.2 mm) below
ground level, at mowing HOC range of .062 to .296 inch
(1.6 to 7.5 mm).
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit) (Rev. A)
WIDTH–OF–GROOMER: 19 inches (48.3 cm).
HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT KNOB: Allows a 0.003 inch
(0.08 mm) increment of height adjustment for each click
of the adjuster.
UP–DOWN FEATURE: At lower height of cut settings,
allows groomer reel to be raised above the height/depth
adjustment for no groomer reel action while cutting. At
higher height of cut settings, groomer may have to be in
the raised position for effective groomer operation.
Page 10.1 – 2
Greensmaster 3150
General Information
Groomer Position
IMPORTANT: Before changing groomer position,
make certain that the reel drive is in the disengaged
position and that the cutting reel is not rotating.
To place the groomer reel in the raised, non–grooming
position, remove the lock screw and rotate the lift arm to
raise the groomer reel. Install the lock screw to retain the
groomer reel in the non–grooming position (Fig. 1).
2
To place the groomer reel in the lowered, grooming position, remove the lock screw and rotate the lift arm to lower the groomer reel. Install the lock screw to retain the
groomer reel in the grooming position (Fig. 2).
1
Figure 1
1. Lift arm
2. Lock screw (transport)
2
1
Figure 2
2. Lock screw (grooming)
Groomer
(DPA Cutting Unit)
1. Lift arm
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10.1 – 3
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit) (Rev. A)
Troubleshooting
Factors Affecting Grooming
There are a number of factors that can affect the performance of grooming. These factors vary for different golf
courses and from green to green. It is important to inspect the turf frequently and vary the grooming practice
with turf needs.
It is important to remember that factors affecting quality
of cut also affect grooming performance.
IMPORTANT: Improper or overaggressive use of
the groomer reel, such as too deep or frequent
grooming, may cause unnecessary stress on the
turf leading to severe turf damage. Use the groomer
carefully. READ AND UNDERSTAND THE OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE OPERATING OR
TESTING GROOMER PERFORMANCE.
Variables That Affect the Use and Performance of Grooming Reels:
1. The growing season and weather conditions.
2. General turf conditions.
3. The frequency of grooming/cutting – number of cuttings per week and how many passes per cutting.
4. The blade spacing on the groomer reel.
5. The height–of–cut.
6. The grooming depth.
7. The type of grass on the green.
8. The amount of time that a groomer reel has been in
use on a particular turf area.
9. The amount of traffic on the turf.
10.The overall turf management program – irrigation,
fertilizing, weed control, coring, overseeding, sand
dressing and disease and pest control.
11. Stress periods for turf – high temperatures, high humidity, unusually high traffic.
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit) (Rev. A)
Page 10.1 – 4
Greensmaster 3150
Groomer Reel Mechanical Problems
Problem
Possible Causes
Correction
The groomer reel rotates when it is
in the raised, transport position.
The groomer reel should rotate
whenever the cutting reel is engaged.
Normal operation.
No rotation of the groomer reel.
Seized groomer reel or idler bearing(s) in groomer side plate(s).
Identify and replace faulty bearing(s).
Broken or damaged idler spring.
Replace spring.
The groomer belt is worn, broken or If the belt slips, it probably is worn
damaged.
and must be replaced.
Repair or replace belt if necessary.
A broken or worn belt could be the
result of improper belt routing or
seized bearings in groomer assembly.
The groomer reel blades are bent,
damaged or missing.
Repair or replace blades if necessary.
The groomer reel shaft is bent or
damaged.
Replace groomer reel shaft.
Grooming depth is not equal on
both ends of groomer reel.
Adjust depth if necessary. Check
and adjust cutting unit set up (level
bedknife to reel, level rear roller to
reel, set height–of–cut, etc.).
Groomer
(DPA Cutting Unit)
The turf is damaged or has uneven
grooming.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10.1 – 5
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit) (Rev. A)
Adjustments
CAUTION
Never work on the cutting unit with the engine
running. Always stop the engine and remove the
key from the ignition switch before working on
the mower.
Note: See Cutting Unit Operator’s Manual for adjustment procedures for the cutting units on the Greensmaster 3150.
Height/Depth of Groomer Adjustment
Note: Grooming is performed above the soil level.
When adjusting groomer height/depth, groomer blades
should never penetrate the soil.
1
2
1. Park machine on a clean and level surface, lower
cutting units completely to the ground, stop engine, engage parking brake and remove key from the ignition
switch.
2. Make sure rollers are clean and cutting reel is set to
the desired height–of–cut (See Cutting Unit Operator’s
Manual for cutting unit adjustment procedures).
3. Position the groomer reel to the lowered, grooming
position (Fig. 3).
Figure 3
1. Height adjustment knob
2. Lock screw (lowered)
Note: Improper or over–aggressive use of the groomer reel (i.e. too deep or too frequent grooming) may
cause unnecessary stress on the turf leading to severe
greens damage. Use the groomer cautiously.
4. On one end of the groomer reel, measure the distance from the lowest tip of the groomer blade to the
working surface. Lift and turn height adjustment knob to
raise or lower the blade tip (Fig. 3). Each notch on the
adjustment knob changes the groomer height approximately 0.003 inch (0.08 mm).
5. Repeat step 4 on the opposite end of the groomer.
Then, recheck setting on the first side of groomer.
Height setting on both ends of groomer should be identical.
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit) (Rev. A)
Page 10.1 – 6
Greensmaster 3150
Service and Repairs
Groomer Belt Replacement
1. Park machine on a clean and level surface, lower
cutting units completely to the ground, stop engine, engage parking brake and remove key from the ignition
switch.
1
2
2. If equipped, remove rotating rear roller brush from
cutting unit.
3. Remove two (2) lock nuts that secure groomer belt
cover, then remove cover (Fig. 4).
3
4. Pivot idler pulley by placing a 12mm wrench on
pulley nut and rotating idler bracket to relax belt tension.
Slip groomer drive belt off pulleys (Fig. 5). Carefully release idler bracket.
5. Install new drive belt to drive pulley, idler pulley and
driven pulley observing correct belt routing (Fig. 5).
2
Figure 4
1. Groomer belt cover
2. Lock nut
6. Secure belt cover to housing with two (2) lock nuts
(Fig. 4).
3. Cap
1
2
3
7. If equipped, install rotating rear roller brush to cutting
unit.
4
5
Figure 5
4. Driven pulley
5. Groomer drive belt
Groomer
(DPA Cutting Unit)
1. Drive pulley
2. Idler pulley
3. Idler pulley nut
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10.1 – 7
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit) (Rev. A)
Groomer Reel
100 to 120 in–lb
(11.3 to 13.5 N–m)
19
18
15
16
17
14
13
12
20
Antisieze
Lubricant
21
22
11
23
Loctite #242
24
10
25
27
7
27
28
60 to 80 ft–lb
(81 to 108 N–m)
100 in–lb
(11.3 N–m)
9 8
26
6
5
3
31
4
2
1
25
RIGHT
30
29
FRONT
23
24 32
17
100 to 120 in–lb
(11.3 to 13.5 N–m)
34 35
20 33
36
1
37
Figure 6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Lock nut (2 used)
Cap screw
Groomer belt cover
Flange head screw
Washer
Decal
Drive pulley
Shoulder nut (2 used)
Spring
Drive side plate (LH shown)
Groomer shim
Height–of–cut screw (2 used)
Cutting reel assembly
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
Non–drive side plate (RH shown)
Reel motor mount
Allen head screw (2 used)
Flange nut (2 used)
Grease fitting
Non–drive groomer arm assembly
Cap screw
Cap plug
Bearing
Bushing (2 used)
Spring washer (2 used)
Lock nut (2 used)
Remove the groomer reel to reverse the shaft, replace
individual blades or replace the shaft. The shaft can be
reversed so that the sharpest edge of the groomer
blades are forward.
Note: The groomer reel drive is located on the opposite side of the cutting unit from the cutting reel hydraulic
motor. Figure 6 shows the groomer reel drive on the left
side of the cutting unit.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
Lock nut (4 used)
Plow bolt (2 used)
Cap screw (2 used)
Front roller assembly
Groomer reel assembly
Square key
Driven pulley
Drive groomer arm assembly
Tab washer
Lock nut
Groomer drive belt
Cap
2. Remove hydraulic reel motor from cutting unit (see
Hydraulic Reel Motor Removal in the Service and Repairs section of Chapter 10 – DPA Cutting Units).
3. If equipped, remove rotating rear roller brush from
cutting unit.
4. Remove groomer belt cover (item 3) and groomer
drive belt (item 36) from groomer drive side of mower
(see Groomer Belt Replacement in this section).
Removal
1. Park machine on a clean and level surface, lower
cutting units completely to the ground, stop engine, engage parking brake and remove key from the ignition
switch.
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit) (Rev. A)
5. Loosen cap screws (item 20) that secure front roller
shaft to groomer arms (Figs. 7 and 8).
6. Remove lock nut (item 25) and spring washer (item
24) that secure drive side groomer arm lift rod to drive
side plate (Fig. 7).
Page 10.1 – 8
Greensmaster 3150
7. Remove lock nut (item 35), tab washer (item 34) and
plow bolt (item 27) that secure drive side groomer arm
assembly to drive side plate. Do not change height–of–
cut screw adjustment. Remove drive side groomer arm
assembly from cutting unit.
3
4
8. Remove front roller assembly from cutting unit.
Note: To prevent groomer shaft from turning when removing driven pulley, use wrench on shaft flats to hold
shaft.
9. Remove the flange nut (item 17) that secures driven
pulley (item 32) to groomer shaft. Remove driven pulley
from shaft. Locate and retrieve square key (item 31) that
locates pulley on shaft.
Note: To prevent cutting reel from turning when removing drive pulley, block reel with piece of wood.
1
2
Figure 7
1. Cap screw
2. Front roller shaft
3. Groomer shaft assembly
4. Locknut/spring washer
10.Remove flange head screw (item 4) and washer
(item 5) that secure drive pulley (item 7) to the cutting
reel shaft. Slide drive pulley from cutting reel.
11. Remove two shoulder nuts (item 8) that secure the
groomer drive side plate (item 10) to the cutting unit
frame. Remove the groomer drive side plate assembly.
2
12.Remove the cap plug (item 21) from non–drive side
plate (Fig. 8).
1
13.Remove the flange nut that secures the groomer
shaft to the non–drive side plate.
Figure 8
1. Roller retaining cap screw
2. Cap plug
14.Pull the groomer reel from the non–drive side plate.
15.Inspect seals, bushings and bearings in side plates
for wear or damage. Replace components as needed.
1
2
Installation
1. Park machine on a clean and level surface, lower
cutting units completely to the ground, stop engine, engage parking brake and remove key from the ignition
switch.
3
2. Apply a light coating of grease to seal lips in RH and
LH side plates. Make sure that seals, bushings and
bearings are properly positioned in side plates.
Figure 9
1. Drive side plate
2. Drive pulley
3. Driven pulley
4. Make sure that groomer shim (item 11) is installed on
groomer drive side of cutting unit.
5. Carefully place drive side plate onto groomer shaft
taking care not to damage seals in side plate. Position
side plate to the cutting unit frame and secure with two
shoulder nuts (item 8).
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10.1 – 9
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit) (Rev. A)
Groomer
(DPA Cutting Unit)
3. Carefully place groomer reel assembly into the non–
drive side plate bearings taking care not to damage seal
in side plate. Thread flange nut (item 17) onto the shaft
threads but do not tighten.
6. Apply grease to drive pulley splines and pulley hub
taking care not to get grease on belt surface. Slide drive
pulley onto the reel shaft.
7. Apply anti–seize lubricant to threads of flange head
screw (item 4) used to attach drive pulley to reel shaft.
Secure drive pulley to reel with washer (item 5) and
flange head screw.
8. Place square key (item 31) in groomer shaft slot and
install driven pulley onto the groomer shaft. Thread
flange nut (item 17) onto the shaft threads.
9. Secure groomer reel by holding the flange nut (item
17) on one end of the reel and tightening the flange nut
on the other end of groomer shaft. Torque flange nuts
from 100 to 120 in–lb (11.3 to 13.6 N–m).
10.Apply Loctite #242 (or equivalent) to threads of cap
plug (item 21). Install cap plug into non–drive side plate
and torque cap plug from 60 to 80 ft–lb (81 to 108 N–m)
(Fig. 8).
13.Apply antisieze lubricant to threads of lift arm assembly stud on groomer arm. Install spring washer (item 24)
and lock nut (item 25) to secure drive side groomer arm
assembly to groomer side plate (Fig. 7).
14.Center front roller and tighten cap screws (item 20)
to secure roller (Figs. 7 and 8).
15.Install groomer drive belt and belt cover to side of cutting unit (see Groomer Belt Replacement in this section).
16.Install hydraulic reel motor onto cutting unit (see Hydraulic Reel Motor Installation in the Service and Repairs section of Chapter 10 – DPA Cutting Units).
17.If equipped, install rotating rear roller brush to cutting
unit.
18.Lubricate groomer bearings (see Groomer Reel Kit
Installation Instructions).
11. Insert front roller into non–drive side groomer arm.
Note: After greasing groomer bearings, operate
groomer for 30 seconds, stop machine and wipe excess
grease from groomer shaft and seals.
12.Position drive side groomer arm to front roller,
groomer drive side plate and cutting unit frame. Secure
groomer arm to cutting unit with carriage bolt, tab washer and flange nut.
19.Check groomer reel height and mower height–of–cut
settings. Adjust as needed.
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit) (Rev. A)
Page 10.1 – 10
Greensmaster 3150
Groomer Reel Service
Disassembly (Fig. 11)
Inspect groomer reel blades frequently for damage and
wear. Straighten bent blades with a pliers. Either replace
worn blades or reverse worn blades on the groomer
shaft to put the sharpest blade edge forward (Fig. 10).
Blades that are rounded to the midpoint of the blade tip
must be replaced or reversed for best groomer performance.
3
2
4
1. Remove groomer reel (see Groomer Reel Removal
in this section).
2. Remove lock nut from either end of the shaft (Fig.
11).
1
3. Remove spacers and blades as necessary.
ROTATION
Assembly (Fig. 11)
1. Start by placing two spacers against a lock nut
installed on one end of groomer shaft. Then, place first
blade against spacers (Fig. 11).
Figure 10
1. Groomer blade
2. Location mark
3. Sharp edge
4. Dull (rounded) edge
2. Rotate location mark on each installed blade one flat
of the shaft, either in a clockwise or counterclockwise
direction. The direction of location mark rotation must
remain constant on the shaft.
200 to 250 in–lb
(22.6 to 28.3 N–m)
2
3. For 1/2 inch (1.3 cm) spacing, make sure there are
two spacers between blades (Fig. 11).
3
1
4
4. When all blades have been installed, place final 2
spacers on shaft and then thread lock nut onto the shaft.
Figure 11
1. Groomer reel shaft
2. Groomer blade
6. Install groomer reel back on cutting unit (see Groomer Reel Installation in this section).
3. Spacer
4. Lock nut
CENTER BLADES
1
3
4
2
Figure 12
1. Lock nut
2. Shaft
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10.1 – 11
3. Spacer
4. Blade
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit) (Rev. A)
Groomer
(DPA Cutting Unit)
5. Position lock nuts to allow blades and spacers to be
centered on the shaft (Fig. 12). Torque lock nuts from
200 to 250 in–lb (22.6 to 28.3 N–m) so spacers are not
free to rotate.
Groomer Reel Bearing Replacement
6
2
3
5
4
2
3
3
Seal lip
(toward center of
cutting unit)
Seal lip
(toward center of
cutting unit)
5
7
Seal lip
(toward center of
cutting unit)
2
6
1
Figure 13
1. Drive side plate (LH shown)
2. Oil seal
3. Groomer reel bearing
4. Grease fitting
5. Bushing
Note: The groomer reel drive is located on the opposite side of the cutting unit from the cutting reel hydraulic
motor. Figure 13 shows the groomer reel drive from the
left side of the cutting unit.
Bearing Removal
1. Remove front roller, drive side groomer side plate
and groomer reel from cutting unit (see Groomer Reel
Removal in this section).
2. Remove non–drive groomer side plate from cutting
unit:
A. Remove hydraulic reel motor from cutting unit
(see Hydraulic Reel Motor Removal in the Service
and Repairs section of Chapter 10 – DPA Cutting
Units).
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit) (Rev. A)
6. Side plate bushing
7. Non–drive side plate (RH shown)
B. Remove two (2) socket head screws and lock
nuts that secure motor mount to cutting unit (Fig. 14).
Remove motor mount from cutting unit.
C. Remove lock nut and spring washer that secure
groomer arm lift rod to non–drive groomer side plate
(Fig. 15). Remove non–drive groomer side plate
from mower.
3. Remove bearings in both side plate assemblies
(Fig. 13):
A. Remove seals from groomer side plates. Discard
seals.
B. Push bearings out of side plate housings. Bearings in drive side plate are a press fit. Bearings in
non–drive side plate are slip fit. Discard bearings.
Page 10.1 – 12
Greensmaster 3150
Bearing Installation
2
1. Install new bearings in both side plate assemblies
(Fig. 13):
1
3
4
A. Slide new bearings into non–drive side plates.
Position extended inner race of bearings toward center of side plate housing.
B. Press new bearings into drive side plates applying pressure to outer bearing race only. Position extended inner race of bearings toward center of side
plate housing.
C. Install new seals into side plates. Note: Seals
should be installed so the lip side of the seal will face
the center of the cutting reel. When bearings are
greased, grease will purge from inner seals.
5
Figure 14
1. Socket head screw
2. Motor mount
3. Groomer side plate (RH)
4. Cutting unit
5. Lock nut (2 used)
2. Install non–drive groomer side plate to cutting unit:
A. Position non–drive groomer side plate to cutting
unit making sure that groomer arm lift rod is positioned through bushing in side plate.
1
B. Apply antisieze lubricant to threads of lift arm assembly stud. Place spring washer and lock nut on lift
rod threads (Fig. 15). Tighten lock nut.
2
C. Position motor mount to groomer side plate (Fig.
14). Secure motor mount and groomer side plate to
cutting unit with two (2) socket head screws and lock
nuts.
D. Install hydraulic reel motor to cutting unit (see Hydraulic Reel Motor Installation in the Service and Repairs section of Chapter 10 – DPA Cutting Units).
3
Figure 15
1. LH groomer side plate
2. Lock nut/spring washer
3. LH groomer arm
3. Install groomer reel and drive side groomer side
plate (see Groomer Reel Installation in this section).
4. Lubricate groomer bearings (see Groomer Reel Kit
Installation Instructions).
Note: After greasing groomer bearings, operate
groomer for 30 seconds, stop machine and wipe excess
grease from groomer shaft and seals.
Groomer
(DPA Cutting Unit)
5. Check and adjust groomer reel height and mower
height–of–cut settings.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10.1 – 13
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit) (Rev. A)
Idler Assembly
6
8
7
14
7
Seal lip
(toward center of
cutting unit)
Seal lip
(toward center of
cutting unit)
5
6
3
2
1
10
11
4
12
9
13
Figure 16
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Lock nut
Flat washer
Retaining ring
Idler bearing
Idler pulley
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Seal
Bearing
Grease fitting
Groomer drive side plate (LH shown)
Pivot hub
The groomer drive side plate assembly incorporates the
idler system for tensioning the groomer drive belt. The
idler system uses a spring to maintain proper belt tension.
Note: The groomer reel drive is located on the opposite side of the cutting unit from the cutting reel hydraulic
motor. Figure 16 shows the groomer reel drive from the
left side of the cutting unit.
Side plate bushing
Idler bracket
Retaining ring
Bushing
2. Install drive pulley, drive belt and belt cover to right
side of mower (see Groomer Reel Installation in this section).
3. Check and adjust groomer reel height and mower
height–of–cut settings.
1
2
Removal
4
1. Remove groomer belt cover, drive belt and drive
pulley from groomer drive side of mower (see Groomer
Reel Removal in this section).
2. Using Figures 16 and 17 as guides, remove idler
bracket, idler pulley and/or idler bearings as needed.
3
Installation
1. Reassemble components using Figures 16 and 17
as guides.
Figure 17
1. Groomer side plate
2. Drive pulley
3. Idler bracket
4. Idler pulley w/bearings
Note: When properly installed, the idler pulley should
move freely from side to side on the idler bracket pin.
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit) (Rev. A)
Page 10.1 – 14
Greensmaster 3150
Lift Arm Assembly
1
14
2
13
11
15
7
12
10
8
Antisieze
Lubricant
9
7
6
16
3
4
17
Antisieze
Lubricant
18
5
Antisieze
Lubricant
Figure 18
HOC groomer arm (LH shown)
Flange nut
Grooved pin
E–ring
Groomer lift rod
Lock screw
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Bushing
Lift arm assembly (LH shown)
Detent spring
Spring washer
Cap screw
Bushing
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
Wave washer
Groomer adjuster
Side plate (LH shown)
Lock nut
Spring washer
Bushing
Disassembly
Assembly
1. Remove flange nut (item 2) that secures lift arm to
HOC groomer arm. Remove lock nut (item 16) and
spring washer (item 17) that secure lift arm to side plate.
Loosen lock screw (item 6) completely.
1. Assemble lift arm using Figure 18 as a guide.
2. Remove lift arm from cutting unit.
3. Disassemble lift arm using Figure 18 as a guide.
Note: Right and left side HOC groomer arms (item 1)
and lift arm assemblies (item 8) are different; other components shown in Figure 18 are the same on both sides
of cutting unit.
2. Apply antisieze lubricant to threads of groomer lift
rod (item 5) and lift arm assembly stud (item 8).
3. Install lift arm onto cutting unit. Secure with flange nut
(item 2) and lock nut (item 16) with spring washer (item
17).
4. Secure groomer in raised or lowered position with
lock screw (item 6).
5. Check and adjust groomer reel height and mower
height–of–cut settings.
Note: Grooved pin (item 3) is used to retain lock screw
(item 6) to lift arm assembly.
Greensmaster 3150
Page 10.1 – 15
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit) (Rev. A)
Groomer
(DPA Cutting Unit)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Groomer Brush
3
4
3
2
20 to 25 in–lb
(2.3 to 2.8 N–m)
1
20 to 25 in–lb
(2.3 to 2.8 N–m)
2
Figure 19
1. Groomer brush shaft
2. Lock nut
3. J–bolt
4. Groomer brush
The groomer brush attaches to the groomer drive in
place of the groomer reel. Removal and installation of
the groomer brush uses the same procedure as removal
and installation of the groomer reel (see Groomer Reel
in this section).
To remove the groomer brush from the shaft, remove the
lock nut and J–bolt from both ends of the brush and slide
the brush from the shaft. When assembling the brush to
the shaft, secure the assembly with J–bolts and lock
nuts. Make sure that the J–bolts are installed with the
threaded portion on the outside of the brush (Fig. 20).
Torque lock nuts from 20 to 25 in–lb (2.3 to 2.8 N–m).
Groomer (DPA Cutting Unit) (Rev. A)
1
2
Figure 20
1. J–bolt
Page 10.1 – 16
2. Lock nut
Greensmaster 3150
Chapter 11
Electrical Diagrams
Table of Contents
Electrical
Diagrams
Electrical Schematics, Wiring Diagram, and Electrical
Harness Drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Electrical Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Crank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Run . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Raise Reels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Lower Reels (6 seconds) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Mow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Backlap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Electrical Harness Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Greensmaster 3150
Page 11 – 1
Electrical Diagrams
This page is intentionally blank.
Electrical Diagrams
Page 11 – 2
Greensmaster 3150
LEAK DETECTOR SOLENOID
Greensmaster 3150
Electrical Schematic
Serial Number Under 230000801
(–)
BK
S5
(+)
80-9330
ALARM
All relays and solenoids
are shown as de–energized.
W
LEAK DETECTOR
(CLOSED DURING
HYDRAULIC FLUID LEAK)
(+)
66-2950
STARTER
HR
F1 20A
GY
2
BU
LIGHTS 1
(OPTIONAL)
3
F2 10A
4
R
1 SECOND
DELAY ON
1
HOURMETER (–)
R
83-2280
GY
BU
5
T
6
SP
W
LIGHTS 2
(OPTIONAL)
LIGHT/TEST SWITCH
BK
FUSIBLE
LINK
VIO
R
BU
99-7430
28-4210
87a
PK/BU
BK
(–)
(+)
W
PK
85
NEUTRAL
SWITCH
IGNITION SWITCH
F3 10A
B
I
1–C
GN
S
F4 10A
SEAT
SWITCH
PARKING
BRAKE
(ON POSITION)
GN/BK
VIO
W
I
Y
BACKLAP
SWITCH
(OPTIONAL)
87
BU/BK
BK
86
99-7430
GN/R
30
Y
MOW RELAY (K4)
S1
REEL
ENGAGE
P31-B
BK
87a
D1-D
30
87
JOYSTICK
LOWER
2-F
85
GY/BK
3
STOP – NONE
RUN – B+I+A and X+Y
START – B+I+S
BU/BK
OR/BK
MOW SWITCH
86
D
JOYSTICK
RELAY (K3)
GN/BK
D1-C
C
3
1
BU
2
2-D
X
E
F
1
A
85
87a
99-7430
2-E
2
B
30
87a
BK
88–9830
S
99-7430
P31-A
87
OR/BK
OR/BK
1–D
ENGINE
FRAME
GROUND GROUND
G
2-C
2–A
Y
BK
86
W
1–B
X
2-B
85
86
D1-B
A
OR
A
B
D1-A
OFF RUN START
VIO
START SAFETY (K2)
H
Y
BACKLAP RELAY (K7)
J11
87
W/BU
1-A
STARTER
SOLENOID
30
PK/BU
RAISE
GN/BK
BK
GY/BK
92-2538
GN/GY
BK
2
OR/BK
Y
3
KILL RELAY (K1)
86
ENGINE
W
MAGNETO
ALTERNATOR
FUSIBLE LINK
SP
FUEL SOLENOID
Y
1
BK
85
6 SECOND
DELAY OFF
2-G
PK/BK
87
30
VIO
87a
W
99-7430
99-7430
85
Y
Y
BK
86
W/BK
87
S4
REELS
LOWER
30
87a
D2
LOWER RELAY (K5)
2/B
1/A
VIO/BK
S2
RAISE/LOWER
D3
99-7430
1/A
BK
2/B
87a
Y
GN/GY
30
87
85
BU/R
S3
REELS
RAISE
86
RAISE RELAY (K6)
BK
BK
Page 11 – 3
LEAK DETECTOR SOLENOID
Greensmaster 3150
Electrical Schematic
Serial Number 230000801 & Up
(–)
BK
S5
(+)
80-9330
ALARM
All relays and solenoids
are shown as de–energized.
W
LEAK DETECTOR
(CLOSED DURING
HYDRAULIC FLUID LEAK)
(+)
66-2950
STARTER
HR
F1 20A
GY
2
BU
LIGHTS 1
(OPTIONAL)
3
F2 10A
4
R
1 SECOND
DELAY ON
1
HOURMETER (–)
R
83-2280
GY
BU
5
T
6
SP
W
LIGHTS 2
(OPTIONAL)
LIGHT/TEST SWITCH
BK
FUSIBLE
LINK
VIO
R
BU
99-7430
28-4210
87a
PK/BU
BK
(–)
(+)
W
PK
85
NEUTRAL
SWITCH
IGNITION SWITCH
F3 10A
B
I
1–C
GN
S
F4 10A
SEAT
SWITCH
PARKING
BRAKE
(ON POSITION)
GN/BK
VIO
W
I
Y
BACKLAP
SWITCH
(OPTIONAL)
BK
86
99-7430
GN/R
87
BU/BK
30
Y
MOW RELAY (K4)
S1
REEL
ENGAGE
P31-B
BK
87a
D1-D
30
87
JOYSTICK
LOWER
2-F
85
GY/BK
3
STOP – NONE
RUN – B+I+A and X+Y
START – B+I+S
BU/BK
OR/BK
MOW SWITCH
86
JOYSTICK
RELAY (K3)
GN/BK
D1-C
C
3
1
BU
2
2-D
X
E
D
F
1
A
85
87a
99-7430
2-E
2
B
30
87a
BK
88–9830
S
99-7430
P31-A
87
OR/BK
OR/BK
1–D
ENGINE
FRAME
GROUND GROUND
G
2-C
2–A
Y
BK
86
W
1–B
X
2-B
85
86
D1-B
A
OR
A
B
D1-A
OFF RUN START
VIO
START SAFETY (K2)
H
Y
BACKLAP RELAY (K7)
J11
87
W/BU
1-A
STARTER
SOLENOID
30
PK/BU
RAISE
GN/BK
BK
GY/BK
92-2538
GN/GY
BK
2
OR/BK
Y
3
KILL RELAY (K1)
86
ENGINE
W
MAGNETO
ALTERNATOR
FUSIBLE LINK
SP
FUEL SOLENOID
Y
1
BK
85
6 SECOND
DELAY OFF
2-G
PK/BK
87
30
VIO
87a
W
99-7430
99-7430
85
Y
Y
BK
86
W/BK
87
S4
REELS LOWER
30
87a
D2
LOWER RELAY (K5)
2/B
1/A
VIO/BK
S2
RAISE/LOWER
D3
BU/R
1/A
99-7430
87a
Y
GN/GY
2/B
S6
ORIFICE
30
87
85
BU/R
S3
REELS RAISE
86
RAISE RELAY (K6)
BK
BK
Page 11 – 4
LEAK DETECTOR SOLENOID
Greensmaster 3150
Crank
(–)
BK
S5
(+)
80-9330
ALARM
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
Power Current
Control Current
Current Direction
W
LEAK DETECTOR
(CLOSED DURING
HYDRAULIC FLUID LEAK)
(+)
66-2950
STARTER
HR
F1 20A
GY
2
BU
LIGHTS 1
(OPTIONAL)
3
F2 10A
4
5
T
R
1 SECOND
DELAY ON
1
HOURMETER (–)
R
83-2280
GY
BU
6
SP
W
LIGHTS 2
(OPTIONAL)
LIGHT/TEST SWITCH
BK
FUSIBLE
LINK
VIO
R
BU
99-7430
28-4210
87a
PK/BU
BK
(–)
(+)
W
PK/BU
PK
85
NEUTRAL
SWITCH
IGNITION SWITCH
B
B
I
1–C
GN
S
X
F4 10A
SEAT
SWITCH
GN/BK
VIO
I
Y
30
Y
MOW RELAY (K4)
S1
REEL
ENGAGE
BK
87a
D1-D
30
2-F
85
GY/BK
3
STOP – NONE
RUN – B+I+A and X+Y
START – B+I+S
BU/BK
OR/BK
MOW SWITCH
86
JOYSTICK
RELAY (K3)
GN/BK
D1-C
C
3
1
BU
2
2-D
X
E
D
F
1
S
GN/R
87
BU/BK
P31-B
87
JOYSTICK
LOWER
2
A
BK
86
99-7430
99-7430
2-E
W
88–9830
B
85
87a
BACKLAP
SWITCH
(OPTIONAL)
87a
BK
1–D
ENGINE
FRAME
GROUND GROUND
30
OR/BK
PARKING
BRAKE
(ON POSITION)
2–A
Y
99-7430
P31-A
87
OR/BK
W
1–B
A
G
2-C
OR
BK
86
D1-B
A
2-B
85
86
D1-A
OFF RUN START
F3 10A
VIO
START SAFETY (K2)
H
Y
BACKLAP RELAY (K7)
J11
87
W/BU
1-A
STARTER
SOLENOID
30
RAISE
GN/BK
BK
GY/BK
92-2538
GN/GY
BK
2
OR/BK
Y
3
KILL RELAY (K1)
86
ENGINE
W
MAGNETO
ALTERNATOR
FUSIBLE LINK
SP
FUEL SOLENOID
Y
1
BK
85
2-G
6 SECOND
DELAY OFF
PK/BK
87
30
VIO
87a
W
99-7430
99-7430
85
Y
Y
BK
86
W/BK
87
S4
REELS LOWER
30
87a
D2
LOWER RELAY (K5)
2/B
1/A
VIO/BK
S2
RAISE/LOWER
D3
1/A
99-7430
2/B
BU/R
S6
ORIFICE
87a
Y
GN/GY
30
87
85
BU/R
S3
REELS RAISE
86
BK
RAISE RELAY (K6)
BK
Page 11 – 5
LEAK DETECTOR SOLENOID
(–)
Greensmaster 3150
Run
BK
S5
(+)
80-9330
ALARM
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
W
LEAK DETECTOR
(CLOSED DURING
HYDRAULIC FLUID LEAK)
(+)
66-2950
STARTER
HR
F1 20A
GY
2
BU
LIGHTS 1
(OPTIONAL)
3
F2 10A
4
5
T
R
1 SECOND
DELAY ON
1
HOURMETER (–)
R
83-2280
GY
BU
Power Current
Control Current
Current Direction
6
SP
W
LIGHTS 2
(OPTIONAL)
LIGHT/TEST SWITCH
BK
FUSIBLE
LINK
VIO
R
BU
99-7430
28-4210
87a
PK/BU
BK
(–)
(+)
W
PK/BU
PK
85
NEUTRAL
SWITCH
IGNITION SWITCH
B
B
I
1–C
GN
S
X
F4 10A
SEAT
SWITCH
GN/BK
VIO
I
BK
Y
30
Y
MOW RELAY (K4)
S1
REEL
ENGAGE
BK
87a
D1-D
30
2-F
85
GY/BK
3
STOP – NONE
RUN – B+I+A and X+Y
START – B+I+S
BU/BK
OR/BK
MOW SWITCH
86
JOYSTICK
RELAY (K3)
GN/BK
D1-C
C
3
1
BU
2
2-D
X
E
D
F
1
S
GN/R
87
BU/BK
P31-B
87
JOYSTICK
LOWER
2
A
BK
86
99-7430
99-7430
2-E
W
88–9830
B
85
87a
BACKLAP
SWITCH
(OPTIONAL)
87a
BK
1–D
ENGINE
FRAME
GROUND GROUND
30
OR/BK
PARKING
BRAKE
(ON POSITION)
2–A
Y
99-7430
P31-A
87
OR/BK
W
1–B
A
G
2-C
OR
BK
86
D1-B
A
2-B
85
86
D1-A
OFF RUN START
F3 10A
VIO
START SAFETY (K2)
H
Y
BACKLAP RELAY (K7)
J11
87
W/BU
1-A
STARTER
SOLENOID
30
RAISE
GN/BK
GY/BK
92-2538
GN/GY
BK
2
OR/BK
Y
3
KILL RELAY (K1)
86
ENGINE
W
MAGNETO
ALTERNATOR
FUSIBLE LINK
SP
FUEL SOLENOID
Y
1
BK
85
2-G
6 SECOND
DELAY OFF
PK/BK
87
30
VIO
87a
W
99-7430
99-7430
85
Y
Y
BK
86
W/BK
87
S4
REELS LOWER
30
87a
D2
LOWER RELAY (K5)
2/B
1/A
VIO/BK
S2
RAISE/LOWER
D3
1/A
99-7430
87a
Y
GN/GY
2/B
BU/R
S6
ORIFICE
30
87
85
BU/R
S3
REELS RAISE
86
RAISE RELAY (K6)
BK
BK
Page 11 – 6
LEAK DETECTOR SOLENOID
(–)
Greensmaster 3150
Raise Reels
BK
S5
(+)
80-9330
ALARM
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
W
BU
LEAK DETECTOR
(CLOSED DURING
HYDRAULIC FLUID LEAK)
(+)
66-2950
STARTER
HR
F1 20A
2
BU
LIGHTS 1
(OPTIONAL)
3
F2 10A
4
5
T
R
1 SECOND
DELAY ON
GY
1
HOURMETER (–)
R
Power Current
Control Current
Current Direction
83-2280
GY
6
SP
W
LIGHTS 2
(OPTIONAL)
LIGHT/TEST SWITCH
BK
FUSIBLE
LINK
VIO
R
BU
99-7430
28-4210
87a
PK/BU
BK
(–)
(+)
W
PK
NEUTRAL
SWITCH
IGNITION SWITCH
85
B
F3 10A
B
I
X
1–C
GN
F4 10A
SEAT
SWITCH
BK
VIO
I
BK
Y
Y
MOW RELAY (K4)
S1
REEL
ENGAGE
P31-B
BK
87a
2-F
85
GY/BK
3
STOP – NONE
RUN – B+I+A and X+Y
START – B+I+S
D1-D
BU/BK
OR/BK
MOW SWITCH
86
JOYSTICK
RELAY (K3)
GN/BK
D1-C
C
3
1
BU
2
2-D
X
E
D
F
1
S
GN/R
30
30
87
JOYSTICK
LOWER
2
A
87
BU/BK
BK
86
99-7430
99-7430
2-E
W
88–9830
B
85
87a
BACKLAP
SWITCH
(OPTIONAL)
OR/BK
1–D
ENGINE
FRAME
GROUND GROUND
30
87a
PARKING
GN/BK
BRAKE
(ON POSITION)
2–A
Y
99-7430
P31-A
87
OR/BK
W
1–B
S
G
2-C
OR
A
BK
86
D1-B
A
2-B
85
86
D1-A
OFF RUN START
BACKLAP RELAY (K7)
VIO
START SAFETY (K2)
H
Y
J11
87
W/BU
1-A
STARTER
SOLENOID
30
PK/BU
RAISE
GN/BK
GY/BK
92-2538
GN/GY
BK
2
OR/BK
Y
3
KILL RELAY (K1)
86
ENGINE
W
MAGNETO
ALTERNATOR
FUSIBLE LINK
SP
FUEL SOLENOID
Y
1
BK
85
2-G
6 SECOND
DELAY OFF
PK/BK
87
30
VIO
87a
W
99-7430
99-7430
85
Y
Y
BK
86
W/BK
87
S4
REELS LOWER
30
87a
D2
LOWER RELAY (K5)
1/A
2/B
VIO/BK
S2
RAISE/LOWER
D3
BU/R
1/A
99-7430
2/B
S6
ORIFICE
87a
Y
GN/GY
30
87
85
BU/R
S3
REELS RAISE
86
RAISE RELAY (K6)
BK
BK
Page 11 – 7
LEAK DETECTOR SOLENOID
(–)
BK
S5
(+)
Greensmaster 3150
Lower Reels (6 seconds)
80-9330
ALARM
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
W
LEAK DETECTOR
(CLOSED DURING
HYDRAULIC FLUID LEAK)
(+)
66-2950
STARTER
HR
F1 20A
2
BU
LIGHTS 1
(OPTIONAL)
3
F2 10A
4
5
T
R
1 SECOND
DELAY ON
GY
1
HOURMETER (–)
R
Power Current
Control Current
Current Direction
83-2280
GY
BU
6
SP
W
LIGHTS 2
(OPTIONAL)
LIGHT/TEST SWITCH
BK
FUSIBLE
LINK
VIO
R
BU
99-7430
28-4210
87a
PK/BU
BK
(–)
(+)
W
PK
NEUTRAL
SWITCH
IGNITION SWITCH
85
B
F3 10A
B
I
X
1–C
GN
F4 10A
SEAT
SWITCH
BK
VIO
I
BK
Y
Y
MOW RELAY (K4)
S1
REEL
ENGAGE
P31-B
BK
87a
2-F
85
GY/BK
3
STOP – NONE
RUN – B+I+A and X+Y
START – B+I+S
D1-D
BU/BK
OR/BK
MOW SWITCH
86
D
JOYSTICK
RELAY (K3)
GN/BK
D1-C
C
3
1
BU
2
2-D
X
E
F
1
S
GN/R
30
30
87
JOYSTICK
LOWER
2
A
87
BU/BK
BK
86
99-7430
99-7430
2-E
W
88–9830
B
85
87a
BACKLAP
SWITCH
(OPTIONAL)
OR/BK
1–D
ENGINE
FRAME
GROUND GROUND
30
87a
PARKING
GN/BK
BRAKE
(ON POSITION)
2–A
Y
99-7430
P31-A
87
OR/BK
W
1–B
S
G
2-C
OR
A
BK
86
D1-B
A
2-B
85
86
D1-A
OFF RUN START
BACKLAP RELAY (K7)
VIO
START SAFETY (K2)
H
Y
J11
87
W/BU
1-A
STARTER
SOLENOID
30
PK/BU
RAISE
GN/BK
GY/BK
92-2538
GN/GY
BK
2
OR/BK
Y
3
KILL RELAY (K1)
86
ENGINE
W
MAGNETO
ALTERNATOR
FUSIBLE LINK
SP
FUEL SOLENOID
Y
1
BK
85
2-G
6 SECOND
DELAY OFF
PK/BK
87
30
VIO
87a
W
99-7430
99-7430
85
Y
Y
BK
86
W/BK
87
S4
REELS LOWER
30
87a
D2
LOWER RELAY (K5)
1/A
2/B
VIO/BK
S2
RAISE/LOWER
D3
BU/R
1/A
99-7430
2/B
S6
ORIFICE
87a
Y
GN/GY
30
87
85
BU/R
S3
REELS RAISE
86
RAISE RELAY (K6)
BK
BK
Page 11 – 8
LEAK DETECTOR SOLENOID
(–)
Greensmaster 3150
Mow
BK
S5
(+)
80-9330
ALARM
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
W
BU
LEAK DETECTOR
(CLOSED DURING
HYDRAULIC FLUID LEAK)
(+)
66-2950
STARTER
HR
F1 20A
2
BU
LIGHTS 1
(OPTIONAL)
3
F2 10A
4
5
T
R
1 SECOND
DELAY ON
GY
1
HOURMETER (–)
R
Power Current
Control Current
Current Direction
83-2280
GY
6
SP
W
LIGHTS 2
(OPTIONAL)
LIGHT/TEST SWITCH
BK
FUSIBLE
LINK
VIO
R
BU
99-7430
28-4210
87a
PK/BU
BK
(–)
(+)
W
PK
NEUTRAL
SWITCH
IGNITION SWITCH
85
B
F3 10A
B
I
X
1–C
GN
F4 10A
SEAT
SWITCH
BK
VIO
I
BK
Y
30
Y
MOW RELAY (K4)
S1
REEL
ENGAGE
P31-B
BK
87a
2-F
85
GY/BK
3
STOP – NONE
RUN – B+I+A and X+Y
START – B+I+S
D1-D
BU/BK
OR/BK
MOW SWITCH
86
JOYSTICK
RELAY (K3)
GN/BK
D1-C
C
3
1
BU
2
2-D
X
E
D
F
1
S
GN/R
87
BU/BK
30
87
JOYSTICK
LOWER
2
A
BK
86
99-7430
99-7430
2-E
W
88–9830
B
85
87a
BACKLAP
SWITCH
(OPTIONAL)
OR/BK
1–D
ENGINE
FRAME
GROUND GROUND
30
87a
PARKING
GN/BK
BRAKE
(ON POSITION)
2–A
Y
99-7430
P31-A
87
OR/BK
W
1–B
S
G
2-C
OR
A
BK
86
D1-B
A
2-B
85
86
D1-A
OFF RUN START
BACKLAP RELAY (K7)
VIO
START SAFETY (K2)
H
Y
J11
87
W/BU
1-A
STARTER
SOLENOID
30
PK/BU
RAISE
GN/BK
GY/BK
92-2538
GN/GY
BK
2
OR/BK
Y
3
KILL RELAY (K1)
86
ENGINE
W
MAGNETO
ALTERNATOR
FUSIBLE LINK
SP
FUEL SOLENOID
Y
1
BK
85
2-G
6 SECOND
DELAY OFF
PK/BK
87
30
VIO
87a
W
99-7430
99-7430
85
Y
Y
BK
86
W/BK
87
S4
REELS LOWER
30
87a
D2
LOWER RELAY (K5)
1/A
2/B
VIO/BK
S2
RAISE/LOWER
D3
BU/R
1/A
99-7430
87a
Y
GN/GY
2/B
S6
ORIFICE
30
87
85
BU/R
S3
REELS RAISE
86
RAISE RELAY (K6)
BK
BK
Page 11 – 9
LEAK DETECTOR SOLENOID
(–)
Greensmaster 3150
Backlap
BK
S5
(+)
80-9330
ALARM
Serial Number 230000801 & Up Shown
W
BU
LEAK DETECTOR
(CLOSED DURING
HYDRAULIC FLUID LEAK)
(+)
66-2950
STARTER
HR
F1 20A
2
BU
LIGHTS 1
(OPTIONAL)
3
F2 10A
4
5
T
R
1 SECOND
DELAY ON
GY
1
HOURMETER (–)
R
Power Current
Control Current
Current Direction
83-2280
GY
6
SP
W
LIGHTS 2
(OPTIONAL)
LIGHT/TEST SWITCH
BK
FUSIBLE
LINK
VIO
R
BU
99-7430
28-4210
87a
PK/BU
BK
(–)
(+)
W
PK
NEUTRAL
SWITCH
IGNITION SWITCH
85
F3 10A
B
I
X
1–C
GN
F4 10A
SEAT
SWITCH
BK
VIO
I
BK
Y
MOW RELAY (K4)
BK
87a
2-F
85
GY/BK
3
STOP – NONE
RUN – B+I+A and X+Y
START – B+I+S
D1-D
BU/BK
OR/BK
MOW SWITCH
86
D
JOYSTICK
RELAY (K3)
GN/BK
D1-C
C
3
1
BU
2
2-D
X
E
F
1
S
Y
S1
REEL
ENGAGE
P31-B
30
87
JOYSTICK
LOWER
2
A
GN/R
30
99-7430
2-E
W
88–9830
B
87
BU/BK
BK
86
99-7430
OR/BK
1–D
ENGINE
FRAME
GROUND GROUND
85
87a
BACKLAP
SWITCH
(OPTIONAL)
87a
PARKING
GN/BK
BRAKE
(ON POSITION)
2–A
Y
99-7430
P31-A
87
30
W
1–B
S
BK
86
D1-B
2-C
OR
A
G
D1-A
A
2-B
85
86
OR/BK
B
OFF RUN START
BACKLAP RELAY (K7)
VIO
START SAFETY (K2)
H
Y
J11
87
W/BU
1-A
STARTER
SOLENOID
30
PK/BU
RAISE
GN/BK
GY/BK
92-2538
GN/GY
BK
2
OR/BK
Y
3
KILL RELAY (K1)
86
ENGINE
W
MAGNETO
ALTERNATOR
FUSIBLE LINK
SP
FUEL SOLENOID
Y
1
BK
85
2-G
6 SECOND
DELAY OFF
PK/BK
87
30
VIO
87a
W
99-7430
99-7430
85
Y
Y
BK
86
W/BK
87
S4
REELS LOWER
30
87a
D2
LOWER RELAY (K5)
1/A
2/B
VIO/BK
S2
RAISE/LOWER
D3
BU/R
1/A
99-7430
87a
Y
GN/GY
2/B
S6
ORIFICE
30
87
85
BU/R
S3
REELS RAISE
86
RAISE RELAY (K6)
BK
BK
Page 11 – 10
P13
PARKING BRAKE
J9
OPTIONAL
LIGHT 1
A
B
J12
OPTIONAL
LIGHT 1
P29
SEAT SWITCH
1
2
P31
JOYSTICK
LOWER SWITCH
3
P28
JOYSTICK
RAISE SWITCH
2 1
P26
INTERCONNECT 1
3
2 1
DC B A
P27
INTERCONNECT 2
J10
IGNITION SWITCH
EFGH
DC B A
4 5
P30
1 IGNITION SWITCH
3 2
A
5
1
5
1
4
2
4
2
3
5
P14
MOW SWITCH
P7
RAISE RELAY (K6)
1
4
2
5
4
3
P12
NEUTRAL
SWITCH
P18
INTERCONNECT 3
1
2
B
A
D
C
P18
P15
RAISE
ENGAGE
SOLENOID S3 SOLENOID S1
3
3
B
A
A
B
B
J11
OPTIONAL
BACKLAP
A
B
B
A
B
A
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
P11
FUSE BLOCK
J4
LOAD 1 J5
+2
A
J6
–3
J14
6 5 4 8
3 2 1 7
TIME DELAY (REELS)
3–
1+
P1
HOURMETER
P8
DIODE 2
B
P27
INTERCONNECT 2
OPTIONAL LIGHT 2
P21
TEST/LIGHT
SWITCH
2
B
J13
HG F E
AB C D
A
8
P26
INTERCONNECT 1
ABCD
P3
START
SAFETY (K2)
P2
KILL RELAY (K1)
P24
ALARM
TIME DELAY
P6
LOWER
RELAY (K5)
P31
OPTIONAL
BACKLAP
HG FE D C BA
P10
DIODE PACK
5
1
4
2
3
P5
MOW RELAY (K4)
5
1
4
2
3
P4
JOYSTICK RELAY (K3)
P9
DIODE 3
1
P23
ALARM
J3
B+
J1
+
B
A
2
P17
RAISE/LOWER
SOLENOID S2
B
A
P19
ORIFICE
SOLENOID S6
Serial Number 230000801 & Up
P22
LEAK DETECTOR
SOLENOID
A
A
B
J2
–
B
STARTER SOLENOID
B
P16
LOWER
SOLENOID S4
A
P25
LEAK DETECTOR
Greensmaster 3150
Electrical Harness Drawing
Page 11 – 11
Serial Number Under 230000801
P19
ORIFICE (S6)
Serial Number 230000801 & Up
Greensmaster 3150
Wiring Diagram
Page 11 – 12
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