TANGO - Falcom
This document is available at HTTP://WWW.FALCOM.DE/ .
TANGO
Hardware description
Version 1.04
TANGO
VERSION 1.04
Contents
0
INTRODUCTION ..............................................................4
0.1
0.2
0.3
SCOPE OF THE USER’S GUIDE .......................................................................................................... 5
USED ABBREVIATIONS .................................................................................................................... 6
RELATED DOCUMENTS.................................................................................................................... 6
1
SECURITY .........................................................................7
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.1.3
1.1.4
1.1.5
1.1.6
1.1.7
1.1.8
1.1.9
1.1.10
1.1.11
1.1.12
1.1.13
1.2
GENERAL..................................................................................................................................... 7
EXPOSURE TO RF ENERGY ..................................................................................................... 7
EFFICIENT MODEM OPERATION............................................................................................ 7
ANTENNA CARE AND REPLACEMENT................................................................................. 8
DRIVING ...................................................................................................................................... 8
ELECTRONIC DEVICES............................................................................................................. 8
VEHICLE ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT .................................................................................... 8
MEDICAL ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT ................................................................................... 8
AIRCRAFT ................................................................................................................................... 8
CHILDREN ................................................................................................................................... 9
BLASTING AREAS ..................................................................................................................... 9
POTENTIALLY EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES........................................................................ 9
NON-IONISING RADIATION .................................................................................................... 9
SAFETY STANDARDS ..................................................................................................................... 10
2
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS.................................11
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.1.3
2.1.4
General ........................................................................................................................................ 11
Electrical...................................................................................................................................... 11
Physical........................................................................................................................................ 11
Basic Features.............................................................................................................................. 11
2.1.4.1
2.1.4.2
2.1.4.3
2.1.4.4
2.1.4.5
2.1.4.6
Telephony ..................................................................................................................................................... 11
Short Message Service (GSM and GPRS mode)........................................................................................... 12
GSM circuit Data Features .......................................................................................................................... 12
GPRS Packet Data Features ........................................................................................................................ 12
GSM Supplementary services ....................................................................................................................... 12
Other features............................................................................................................................................... 12
2.1.5
2.1.6
Interfaces ..................................................................................................................................... 13
Power consumption ..................................................................................................................... 13
2.1.6.1
2.1.6.2
2.1.6.3
TANGO-900/1800-X..................................................................................................................................... 13
TANGO-900/1800-X-G2 .............................................................................................................................. 14
TANGO-900/1800-X –G10........................................................................................................................... 15
2.1.7
2.1.8
Temperature Range...................................................................................................................... 15
RF characteristics......................................................................................................................... 16
2.1.8.1
2.1.8.2
2.1.8.3
Receiver........................................................................................................................................................ 16
Transmitter................................................................................................................................................... 16
Determining the External Equipment Type .................................................................................................. 16
2.1.9
Interfaces ..................................................................................................................................... 17
2.1.9.1
2.1.9.2
2.1.9.3
2.1.9.4
2.1.9.5
2.1.9.6
Interface A (4-pin connector) ....................................................................................................................... 18
Interface B (9-pin D-SUB connector)........................................................................................................... 19
Interface C (8-pin RJ45 connector).............................................................................................................. 20
Interface D (antenna interface) .................................................................................................................... 21
Interface E (SIM interface)........................................................................................................................... 21
Interface F (Optical indicator interface)...................................................................................................... 22
2.2
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.2.3
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION ........................................................................................................... 22
Ignition line.................................................................................................................................. 23
Serial handling............................................................................................................................. 23
Reset configuration...................................................................................................................... 24
3
GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF THE
TANGO .............................................................................25
3.1
3.2
GETTING STARTED ........................................................................................................................ 25
HARDWARE & SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS ................................................................................... 25
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Page 1
TANGO
VERSION 1.04
3.2.1
Minimum hardware interface to get started ................................................................................. 25
3.2.1.1
3.2.1.2
3.2.1.3
3.2.1.4
3.2.1.5
3.2.1.6
Connecting the external antenna (SMB type) ............................................................................................... 25
Installing the SIM card................................................................................................................................. 26
Connecting the Modem to external device cable .......................................................................................... 26
Connecting the DC power supply................................................................................................................. 27
Mounting the terminal.................................................................................................................................. 28
Placing the terminal ..................................................................................................................................... 28
3.2.2
Terminal emulator setup .............................................................................................................. 29
3.2.2.1
Checking the Modem (using Microsoft Windows™ Hyper Terminal as example) ....................................... 29
3.2.3
3.2.4
Getting started to GPRS Network................................................................................................ 31
Adding a Modem ......................................................................................................................... 31
3.2.4.1
Making a dial-up networking ....................................................................................................................... 34
3.2.5
3.3
3.4
3.4.1
Making a dial-up networking....................................................................................................... 35
COMMUNICATIONS SOFTWARE ..................................................................................................... 40
BASIC OPERATION ........................................................................................................................ 41
Troubleshooting........................................................................................................................... 42
4
HOUSING .........................................................................44
4.1
HOUSING OF CRADLE .................................................................................................................... 45
5
APPENDIX .......................................................................46
5.1
5.1.1
5.2
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.3
5.4
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR POWER SUPPLY ..................................................................................... 46
External cable for power supply .................................................................................................. 46
POSSIBLE EXTERNAL DEVICES: ..................................................................................................... 47
Operation of the active receiver................................................................................................... 48
Interface ....................................................................................................................................... 48
POSSIBLE EXTERNAL ANTENNA .................................................................................................... 49
POSSIBLE EXTERNAL HEADSET ..................................................................................................... 49
Version history:
Version number
1.00
1.01
Author
F. Beqiri
F. Beqiri
1.02
F. Beqiri
1.03
F. Beqiri
1.04
F. Beqiri
Changes
Initial version
Average current in GPRS Mode
added.
New chapters added (3.2.1.5,
3.2.1.6 and 3.3)
New sections added ( )
Housing of cradle (figure 42)
optimize.
Chapter “Firmware update”
removed.
Table 1 updated.
Determination for DTE or DCE
connection (Chapter 2.1.8.3)
added.
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Page 2
TANGO
VERSION 1.04
Cautions
Information furnished herein by FALCOM are accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed for its use.
Please read carefully the safety precautions.
If you have any technical questions regarding this document or the
product described in it, please contact your distributor.
General information about FALCOM and its range of products is
available at the following internet address: http://www.falcom.de/
Trademarks
Some mentioned products are registered trademarks of their respective
companies.
Copyright
The TANGO user’s guide is copyrighted by FALCOM GmbH with all
rights reserved. No part of this user’s guide may be produced in any form
without the prior written permission of FALCOM GmbH.
FALCOM GmbH.
No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information
contained herein.
This confidential document is the property of FALCOM GmbH and may not be copied or circulated without permission.
Page 3
TANGO
VERSION 1.04
0 Introduction
This manual is focussed on the GSM and GSM/GPRS data solutions of the
TANGO series from FALCOM GmbH.
TANGO as a Plug-and-Play Dual Band GSM/GPRS device with an
integrated SIM card holder, an external antenna connector and standard
connector interfaces, provide a quick and easy way to plug in GSM and
GPRS functionality to systems and terminals. It can be directly connected
via RS232 interface to the serial port of a desktop or notebook computer. A
standard SIM card can be inserted in the integrated card holder. The modem
can send and receive data by GSM and GPRS network. It supports SMS and
Fax as well as voice calls. The TANGO can be easily controlled by using
AT command for all kinds of operations.
Available in dual-band configurations, this full type approved integrated
modem constitutes a self contained, fully integrated implementation of the
GSM/GPRS standard.
TANGO supports GPRS Class B, class 2 (making download at speeds up to
28.8 kbps) as well as Class B, class 10 (making download at speeds up to 56
kbps).
About GPRS:
GPRS is standard for General Packet Radio Service that is an add-on to
the GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) cellular network a type of network used to provide cellular phone service.
The TANGO Modem provides reliable data connections to GPRS 900
MHz and 1800 MHz as well as to GPRS 850 MHz and 1900 MHz
networks. When in regions where GPRS is not available, user can still
access their important information with GSM 14.4 kbps data
connections.
Table below shows the different versions of the TANGO series.
DEVICE
DISCRIPTION
AVAILABILITY
TANGO-900/1800-1
GSM only, SMB-male antenna connector
Now
TANGO-900/1800-1-G10
GSM/GPRS Class B/multi-slot class 10,
SMB-male antenna connector
Now
TANGO-900/1800-1-G2
GSM/GPRS Class B/multi-slot class 2,
SMB-male antenna connector
Now
TANGO-900/1800-2
GSM only, FME-female antenna connector
Now
TANGO-900/1800-2-G10
GSM/GPRS Class B/multi-slot class 10,
FME-female antenna connector
Now
TANGO-900/1800-2-G2
GSM/GPRS Class B/multi-slot class 2,
FME-female antenna connector
Now
TANGO-850/1900-1
GSM only, SMB-male antenna connector
Available soon
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Page 4
TANGO
VERSION 1.04
DEVICE
DISCRIPTION
AVAILABILITY
TANGO-850/1900-1-G10
GSM/GPRS Class B/multi-slot class 10,
SMB-male antenna connector
Available soon
TANGO-850/1900-1-G2
GSM/GPRS Class B/multi-slot class 2,
SMB-male antenna connector
Available soon
TANGO-850/1900-2
GSM only, FME-female antenna connector
Available soon
TANGO-850/1900-2-G10
GSM/GPRS Class B/multi-slot class 10,
FME-female antenna connector
Available soon
TANGO-850/1900-2-G2
GSM/GPRS Class B/multi-slot class 2,
FME-female antenna connector
Available soon
Table 1: TANGO series.
Users are advised to quickly proceed to the “Security” chapter and read
the hints carefully.
0.1 Scope of the user’s guide
This document describes the hardware interface and the technical
specifications of the TANGO modem.
This product is based on a Dual Band GSM/GPRS engine: every integrated
modem referenced TANGO-900/1800 includes a GSM/GPRS 900/1800
MHz module and every integrated modem referenced TANGO-850/1900
includes a GSM/GPRS 850/1900 MHz module.
These two dual-band modems have the same specifications unless otherwise
specified. As far as network operation is concerned, the TANGO has two
versions. The first one is only GSM and the second one is GSM/GPRS
modem. The GSM and GSM/GPRS versions have the same specifications
unless otherwise specified.
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Page 5
TANGO
VERSION 1.04
0.2 Used abbreviations
Abbreviation
Description
ETSI
European Telecommunications Standards Institute
GSM
Global System for Mobile communications
IMEI
International Mobile station Equipment Identity
ME
Mobile Equipment
GPRS
General Packet Radio Service
PLMN
Public Land Mobile Network
PIN
Personal Identification Number
PUK
Personal Unblocking Key
RP
Receive Protocol
RXQUAL
Received Signal Quality
SIM
Subscriber Identity Module
SMS
Short Message Service
SMS/PP
Short Message Service/Point-to-Point
TA
Terminal Adapter
TE
Terminal Equipment
TP
Transmit Protocol
0.3 Related documents
•
ETSI GSM 07.05
“Use of Data Terminal Equipment - Data Circuit
terminating Equipment interface for Short Message
Service and Cell Broadcast Service“
•
ETSI GSM 07.07
“AT command set for GSM Mobile Equipment”
•
ITU-T V.25ter
“Serial asynchronous automatic dialling and
control”
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Page 6
TANGO
VERSION 1.04
1 Security
IMPORTANT FOR THE EFFICIENT AND SAFE OPERATION OF
YOUR GSM/GPRS MODEM READ THIS INFORMATION BEFORE
USE !
Your GSM or GSM/GPRS modem is one of the most exciting and
innovative electronic products ever developed. With it you can stay in
contact with your office, your home, emergency services, and others,
wherever service is provided.
1.1.1
GENERAL
Your modem utilises the GSM standard for cellular technology. GSM is a
newer radio frequency (« RF ») technology than the current FM technology
that has been used for radio communications for decades. The GSM
standard has been established for use in the European community and
elsewhere.
Your modem is actually a low power radio transmitter and receiver. It sends
out and receives radio frequency energy. When you use Your modem, the
cellular system handling your calls controls both the radio frequency and the
power level of your cellular modem.
1.1.2
EXPOSURE TO RF ENERGY
There has been some public concern about possible health effects of using
GSM or GSM/GPRS modem. Although research on health effects from RF
energy has focused for many years on the current RF technology, scientists
have begun research regarding newer radio technologies, such as GSM.
After existing research had been reviewed, and after compliance to all
applicable safety standards had been tested, it has been concluded that the
product is fit for use.
If you are concerned about exposure to RF energy there are things you can
do to minimise exposure. Obviously, limiting the duration of your calls will
reduce your exposure to RF energy. In addition, you can reduce RF
exposure by operating your cellular modem efficiently by following the
below guidelines.
1.1.3
EFFICIENT MODEM OPERATION
For Your modem to operate at the lowest power level, consistent with
satisfactory call quality:
If Your modem has an extendible antenna, extend it fully. Some models
allow you to place a call with the antenna retracted. However Your modem
operates more efficiently with the antenna fully extended.
Do not hold the antenna when the modem is « IN USE ». Holding the
antenna affects call quality and may cause the modem to operate at a higher
power level than needed.
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Page 7
TANGO
1.1.4
VERSION 1.04
ANTENNA CARE AND REPLACEMENT
Do not use the modem with a damaged antenna. If a damaged antenna
comes into contact with the skin, a minor burn may result. Replace a
damaged antenna immediately. Consult your manual to see if you may
change the antenna yourself. If so, use only a manufacturer-approved
antenna. Otherwise, have your antenna repaired by a qualified technician.
Use only the supplied or approved antenna. Unauthorised antennas,
modifications or attachments could damage the modem and may contravene
local RF emission regulations or invalidate type approval.
1.1.5
DRIVING
Check the laws and regulations on the use of cellular devices in the area
where you drive. Always obey them. Also, when using Your modem while
driving, please: give full attention to driving, pull off the road and park
before making or answering a call if driving conditions so require. When
applications are prepared for mobile use they should fulfil road-safety
instructions of the current law!
1.1.6
ELECTRONIC DEVICES
Most electronic equipment, for example in hospitals and motor vehicles is
shielded from RF energy. However RF energy may affect some
malfunctioning or improperly shielded electronic equipment.
1.1.7
VEHICLE ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
Check your vehicle manufacturer’s representative to determine if any on
board electronic equipment is adequately shielded from RF energy.
1.1.8
MEDICAL ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
Consult the manufacturer of any personal medical devices (such as
pacemakers, hearing aids, etc...) to determine if they are adequately shielded
from external RF energy.
Turn Your modem OFF in health care facilities when any regulations
posted in the area instruct you to do so. Hospitals or health care facilities
may be using RF monitoring equipment.
1.1.9
AIRCRAFT
Turn Your modem OFF before boarding any aircraft.
Use it on the ground only with crew permission.
Do not use in the air.
To prevent possible interference with aircraft systems, Federal Aviation
Administration (FAA) regulations require you to have permission from a
crew member to use Your modem while the plane is on the ground. To
prevent interference with cellular systems, local RF regulations prohibit
using Your modem whilst airborne.
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Page 8
TANGO
VERSION 1.04
1.1.10 CHILDREN
Do not allow children to play with Your modem. It is not a toy. Children
could hurt themselves or others (by poking themselves or others in the eye
with the antenna, for example). Children could damage the modem, or make
calls that increase Your modem bills.
1.1.11 BLASTING AREAS
To avoid interfering with blasting operations, turn your unit OFF when in a
« blasting area » or in areas posted : « turn off two-way radio ».
Construction crew often use remote control RF devices to set off explosives.
1.1.12 POTENTIALLY EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES
Turn Your modem OFF when in any area with a potentially explosive
atmosphere. It is rare, but Your modem or its accessories could generate
sparks. Sparks in such areas could cause an explosion or fire resulting in
bodily injury or even death.
Areas with a potentially explosive atmosphere are often, but not always,
clearly marked. They include fuelling areas such as petrol stations ; below
decks on boats ; fuel or chemical transfer or storage facilities ; and areas
where the air contains chemicals or particles, such as grain, dust, or metal
powders.
Do not transport or store flammable gas, liquid, or explosives, in the
compartment of your vehicle which contains Your modem or accessories.
Before using Your modem in a vehicle powered by liquefied petroleum gas
(such as propane or butane) ensure that the vehicle complies with the
relevant fire and safety regulations of the country in which the vehicle is to
be used.
1.1.13 NON-IONISING RADIATION
As with other mobile radio transmitting equipment, users are advised that
for satisfactory operation and for the safety of personnel, it is recommended
that no part of the human body be allowed to come too close to the antenna
during operation of the equipment.
The radio equipment shall be connected to the antenna via a non-radiating
50Ohm coaxial cable.
The antenna shall be mounted in such a position that no part of the human
body will normally rest close to any part of the antenna. It is also
recommended to use the equipment not close to medical devices as for
example hearing aids and pacemakers.
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Page 9
TANGO
VERSION 1.04
1.2 Safety standards
THIS CELLULAR MODEM COMPLIES WITH ALL APPLICABLE
RF SAFETY STANDARDS.
This cellular modem meets the standards and recommendations for the
protection of public exposure to RF electromagnetic energy established
by governmental bodies and other qualified organisations, such as the
following :
-
Directives of the European Community, Directorate General V in
Matters of Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Energy.
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Page 10
TANGO
VERSION 1.04
2 General characteristics
2.1.1
General
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
2.1.2
Dual Band GSM/GPRS modem E-GSM 900/1800 MHz or E-GSM
850/1900 MHz
Class 4 (2W at 850/900 MHz)
Class 1 (1W at 1800/1900 MHz)
Small size and low power consumption
Voice, SMS
Fax and data transmission without extra hardware
Tricodec (FR/EFR/HR)
Internal 3V SIM interface
Easy remote control by AT commands for dedicated applications
Fully Type Approved according to GSM Phase 2+ specifications
Fully shielded and ready-to-use
Electrical
Power supply:
2.1.3
10.8 ... 31.2 V DC (absolute maximum
ratings) for more details refer to the
chapter 2.1.6 “Power consumption” (table
2 to 7)
Physical
Absolute maximum dimension: 115 mm x 52 mm x 26.6 mm (L x B x H)
Weight:
82.6 g (with SMB connector)
88.0 g (with FME connector)
Absolute maximum
dimension of cradle:
119.4mm x 66.7mm x 31.8mm(L x B x H)
Weight of cradle:
21 gr
Casing:
Complete shielding (Chromium-plate
ABS)
Mounting:
through 2 screw holes on the cradle
Operating temperature range:
-20°C to + 55°C
Functional temperature:
-20°C to + 70°C
Storage temperature:
-30°C to + 85°C
2.1.4
Basic Features
2.1.4.1 Telephony
•
•
•
Telephony (TCH/FS) & Emergency calls
Full Rate, Enhanced Full Rate and Half Rate
Dual Tone Multi Frequency function (DTMF)
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Page 11
TANGO
VERSION 1.04
2.1.4.2 Short Message Service (GSM and GPRS mode)
•
•
•
Text and PDU
Point to point MT & MO
SMS Cell Broadcast
2.1.4.3 GSM circuit Data Features
•
•
•
•
Data circuit asynchronous, transparent and non transparent up to
14,400 bits/s
Automatic fax group 3 (Class 1 & 2)
Alternate speech and fax
MNP2, V.42bis
2.1.4.4 GPRS Packet Data Features
•
•
•
GPRS Class B Class 2 (up to 28.8 kbps) or GPRS Class B Class 10
(up to 56 kbps)
Coding Schemes: CS1 to CS4
Compliant with SMG31bis
2.1.4.5 GSM Supplementary services
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Call Forwarding
Call Barring
Multiparty
Call Waiting and Call Hold
Calling Line Identity
Advice of Charge
USSD
Closed User Group
Explicit Call Transfer
2.1.4.6 Other features
•
•
•
•
•
•
ME+SIM phone book management
Fixed Dialling Number
SIM Toolkit Class 2
SIM, network and service provider locks
Real Time Clock
UCS2 character set management
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Page 12
TANGO
2.1.5
VERSION 1.04
Interfaces
Single antenna interface: SMB or FME antenna connector.
Internal SIM interface: 3V only
For Data Operation:
RS-232C serial link
Remote control by AT commands (GSM 07.07
and 07.05)
Serial baud rate from 300 to 115,200 bits/s
Autobauding (300 up to 38400 bits/s)
Audio:
RJ45 serial link (microphone and speaker)
2.1.6
Power consumption
2.1.6.1 TANGO-900/1800-X
Average current (in mA at 12 VDC):
GSM
900
1800
GSM band
31
31
in idle mode (base station sends at -85 dBm)
125
96
in transmit mode at power level 7/3
162
118
in transmit mode at power level 5/0 (maximum)
Serial interface is applied and working.
25 mA (off)
IF MODEM IS SWITCHED OFF (BY AT+CPOF OR AT+CFUN=0),
BUT POWER IS STILL SUPPLIED.
(Serial interface is applied and working)
Table 2:
Power consumption at 12 VDC.
Average current (in mA at 24 VDC):
900 1800
GSM
GSM band
18
18
in idle mode (base station sends at -85 dBm)
67
50
in transmit mode at power level 7/3
88
64
in transmit mode at power level 5/0 (maximum)
Serial interface is applied and working.
Table 3:
Power consumption at 24 VDC.
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Page 13
TANGO
VERSION 1.04
2.1.6.2 TANGO-900/1800-X-G2
Average current (in mA at 12 VDC):
GSM
900
1800
GSM band
31
31
in idle mode (base station sends at -85 dBm)
123
103
in transmit mode at power level 7/3
158
127
in transmit mode at power level 5/0 (maximum)
Serial interface is applied and working.
GPRS
160.36 mA
in transmit mode at power level 5
25 mA (off)
IF MODEM IS SWITCHED OFF (BY AT+CPOF OR AT+CFUN=0),
BUT POWER IS STILL SUPPLIED.
(Serial interface is applied and working)
Table 4:
Power consumption at 12 VDC.
Average current (in mA at 24 VDC):
900 1800
GSM
GSM band
16
16
in idle mode (base station sends at -85 dBm)
67
54
in transmit mode at power level 7/3
84
68
in transmit mode at power level 5/0 (maximum)
Serial interface is applied and working.
GPRS
84.46 mA
Table 5:
in transmit mode at power level 5
Power consumption at 24 VDC.
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Page 14
TANGO
VERSION 1.04
2.1.6.3 TANGO-900/1800-X –G10
Average current (in mA at 12 VDC):
GSM
900
1800
GSM band
32
32
in idle mode (base station sends at -85 dBm)
118
110
in transmit mode at power level 7/3
147
138
in transmit mode at power level 5/0 (maximum)
Serial interface is applied and working.
GPRS
257.06 mA
in transmit mode at power level 5
25 mA (off)
IF MODEM IS SWITCHED OFF (BY AT+CPOF OR AT+CFUN=0),
BUT POWER IS STILL SUPPLIED.
(Serial interface is applied and working)
Table 6:
Power consumption at 12 VDC.
Average current (in mA at 24 VDC):
900 1800
GSM
GSM band
17
17
in idle mode (base station sends at -85 dBm)
62
57
in transmit mode at power level 7/3
78
74
in transmit mode at power level 5/0 (maximum)
Serial interface is applied and working.
GPRS
132.22 mA
Table 7:
2.1.7
in transmit mode at power level 5
Power consumption at 24 VDC.
Temperature Range
Operating temperature range:
Functional temperature:
Storage temperature:
-20°C to + 55°C
-20°C to + 70°C
-30°C to + 85°C
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Page 15
TANGO
2.1.8
VERSION 1.04
RF characteristics
2.1.8.1 Receiver
EGSM Sensitivity
DCS Sensitivity
Selectivity @ 200 kHz
Selectivity @ 400 kHz
Dynamic range
Intermodulation
Co-channel rejection
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
<-104 dBm
<-100 dBm
> + 9 dBc
> +41 dBc
62 dB
>- 43 dBm
> = 9 dBc
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
33dBm ± 2dB
30dBm ± 2dB
5dBm ± 5dB
0dBm ± 5dB
< -30dBm
< -30dBm
< -67dBm
< -79dBm
< -71dBm
< 5 ° RMS
+/- 0.1ppm max
2.1.8.2 Transmitter
Maximum output power (EGSM)
Maximum output power (DCS)
Minimum output power (EGSM)
Minimum output power (DCS)
H2 level
H3 level
Noise in 925 - 935 MHz
Noise in 935 - 960 MHz
Noise in 1805 - 1880 MHz
Phase error at peak power
Frequency error
2.1.8.3 Determining the External Equipment Type
Before you connect the DB9 serial port connectors on the aforementioned
terminals (DCE units) to external equipment, you need to determine if the
external hardware serial ports are configured as DTE or DCE.
The terms DTE (Data Terminal Equipment) and DCE (Data
Communications Equipment) are typically used to describe serial ports on
devices. Computers (PCs) generally use DTE connectors and
communication devices such as modems and DSU/CSU devices generally
use DCE connectors. As a general rule, DTE ports connect to DCE ports via
straight through pinned cables. In other words, a DTE port never connects
directly to another DTE port. Similarly, a DCE port never connects directly
to another DCE port. The signalling definitions were written from the
perspective of the DTE device; therefore, a Receive Data signal becomes an
input to DTE but an output from DCE.
All TANGO series are designed for use as a DCE unit. Based on the
aforementioned conventions for DCE-DTE connections it communicates
with the customer application (DTE) using the following signals:
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TANGO Terminal (DCE)
to
Application (DTE)
TxD
◄-----------------------
TXD
RxD
-----------------------►
RXD
RTS
◄-----------------------
RTS
CTS
-----------------------►
CTS
DTR
◄-----------------------
DTR
DSR
-----------------------►
DSR
DCD
-----------------------►
DCD
RING
-----------------------►
RING
Table 8: The signaling definitions between DTE and DCE.
2.1.9
Interfaces
Interface specifications
Interface A
4-pin Micro-Fit™ 3.0 Molex
Part number: 43045-0406 (Female)
Interface B
Standard RS232 serial interface
Interface C
Audio 8-pin RJ45, RS232 (Rx, Tx) serial interface
Interface D
GSM antenna with SMB or FME antenna connector.
Interface E
Interface F
SIM card reader for small SIM cards (3V)
LED’s for status indication
Table 9: Interface specifications of the Modem
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VERSION 1.04
Figure 1: view of TANGO interfaces.
2.1.9.1 Interface A (4-pin connector)
Figure 2: Pin out of 4-pin power supply connector (interface A)
Power input:
10,8....31,2 V DC
Pin number
Name
Functions
1
GND
DC power negative input
2
Mute
Do not connect
3
IGN
Ignition (connected to positive DC power)
4
POWER (+Vin)
DC power positive input
Table 9: Description of modem power connector
A cable, included in the package shall be used for power supply connection.
For more deteils see Appendix chapters 5.1 and 5.1.1.
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TANGO
VERSION 1.04
2.1.9.2 Interface B (9-pin D-SUB connector)
Interface B has the highest priority connection to control the TANGO
modem. This one has a standard D-SUB-male serial connector.
RS232
9 pin D-Sub to DIN 41652
+/-12V
RX, TX, RTS, CTS, DTR, DSR, DCD, RI
300...115200
Baud rates for serial link (2400...19200 with auto-bauding)
Interface B (DB9 connector) has the following layout.
Figure 3: RS232 pin-out (interface B)
Pin
Description
Direction
1
DCD ↔ Data Carrier Detect
OUT
2
RxD ↔ Received Data
OUT
3
TxD ↔ Transmitted Data
IN
4
DTR ↔ Data Terminal Ready
IN
5
GND ↔ Signal Ground
-
6
DSR ↔ Data Set Ready
OUT
7
RTS ↔ Request To Send
IN
8
CTS ↔ Clear To Send
OUT
9
RI ↔ Ring Indicator
OUT
Table 10: Pin assignment of the standard RS232 connector
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VERSION 1.04
2.1.9.3 Interface C (8-pin RJ45 connector)
The TANGO modem provides this interface (RJ45) for serial and audio
connection.
You can use a RJ45 serial cable to connect the modem’s RJ45 connector
(Interface C) to external controller/computer (without HW handshake). If
TANGO modem has been connected through interface B, interface C is
automatically deactivated (Rx, Tx). In this case, only 4 pins are available
(MIC[+,-] and SPK[+,-]). So a headset can be connected (see Appendix
chapter 5.4 headset’s characteristic).
This interface supports also a connection to an external device such as
active headset HA-88, which provided by Falcom GmbH, for
communication call. For more details about HA-88 see chapter 5.2
“Possible external devices”.
Figure 4: Audio interface pin-out (interface C)
Pin
Description
Direction
1
Power output 10V ± 5% 150mA
OUT
2
TxD ↔ Transmitted Data
IN
3
RxD ↔ Received Data
OUT
4
Ground
-
5
SPK+
OUT
6
SPK-
OUT
7
MIC+
IN
8
MIC-
IN
Table 11: Pin assignment of RJ45
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2.1.9.4 Interface D (antenna interface)
There are two versions as far as antenna interface is concerned of the TANGO
modem.
The specifications and functions of the modems are the same. The difference
between both equipments can be recognised by looking at the GSM antenna on
the left side of the modems: the first one supports an antenna with SMB connector
interface (Figure 5.a); the second one supports an antenna with FME connector
interface (Figure 5.b). The Length of antenna cable integrated on the versions of
TANGO (–xxx/xxx-2 (-xx) see table 1 ) is 23.3 cm.
Figure 5.a: TANGO modem with SMB
antenna connector (all versions TANGO –
xxx/xxx-1 (-xx) see table 1)
Figure 5.b: TANGO modem with FME antenna
connector (all versions TANGO –xxx/xxx-2 (-xx) see
table 1)
2.1.9.5 Interface E (SIM interface)
The SIM interface controls a 3V SIM Card. This interface is fully compliant
with GSM 11.11 recommendations concerning SIM functions.
Figure 6: SIM interface (interface E)
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2.1.9.6 Interface F (Optical indicator interface)
The actual state of the TANGO is displayed by two LED’s on interface F of
the unit (for more details see chapter 2.2 Functional description).
Figure 7: Status indicator of modem
2.2 Functional description
The GSM/GPRS modem TANGO is a mobile station for the transmission of
voice, data and fax calls as well as SMS in GSM/GPRS networks.
The GSM/GPRS modem TANGO consists of the following components:
•
•
•
•
GSM/GPRS transceiver
Power supply unit
Serial link (V.24) for data transmission and control
GPRS Class B, class 2 or class 10.
If the GSM/GPRS modem TANGO is registered in the network, it acts just
like a regular fax/data modem. To control the GSM modem there is an
advanced set of AT-commands according to GSM ETSI 07.07 and 07.05
implemented. The two LED’s on the top of Interface C are showing the state
of TANGO. The yellow LED signals the actual connection of the modem
(interface B or C) and the green LED signals power connection,
GSM/GPRS network, a “RESET” function and “SOFT-ON ” procedure.
The actual state of the TANGO is displayed by two LED’s at the connector
on the top of interface C of the unit.
•
•
Green, Yellow off:
Green light:
•
•
•
•
Green flashes:
Green flashes quickly:
Yellow off:
Yellow light:
Modem is switched off.
Power on, not registered in the
network.
Power on, registered in the network.
Call in progress.
Power off or interface C in use.
Power on, interface B in use or both
interfaces (B & C) are not connected.
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TANGO
2.2.1
VERSION 1.04
Ignition line
The Ignition Line on Interface A uses an internal processor to control the
timing of the “SOFT-ON“ procedure of the internal GSM modem.
To switch the modem ON the Ignition Line has to be connected to a high
voltage level of (10,8V ... 31,2V). The green LED on interface C shows the
progress of the “SOFT-ON“ procedure (green indicator light). Enter PIN
Number of the inserted SIM card (if required). After a few seconds it will go
flashing slowly (that’s mean the registration into the network is
successfully).
To switch the modem off the commands AT+CPOF or AT+CFUN=0 (see
AT commands manual) has to be issued. To switch the modem on again see
above.
2.2.2
Serial handling
The GSM/GPRS modem TANGO allows control of the GSM/GPRS modem
over the interface B or Interface C. The interface B is a implementation of a
serial interface corresponding EIA-RS232-C.
See table below for details:
CCITT V24 Pin
Description
Direction
102
5
Signal Ground (GND)
103
3
Transmitted Data (TxD).
The DTE uses the TxD line to send data to the
interface for transmission over the Modem.
IN
104
2
Received Data (RxD).
The interface uses the RxD to send data
received from the Modem to the DTE.
OUT
105
7
Request To Send (RTS)
IN
106
8
Clear To Send (CTS)
OUT
107
6
Data Set Ready (DSR)
OUT
108
4
Data Terminal Ready (DTR)
IN
109
1
Data Carrier Detect (DCD)
OUT
125
9
Ring Indicator (RI)
OUT
Table 12: R232 9-pin description
Both interface B and C are not independent usable. The interface B has the
highest priority. If you don’t want to use the interface B you must deactivate
the signals RTS (or remove connection). With the interface C you have the
audio and control functionality on one interface.
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VERSION 1.04
See table for connections:
Pin
Description
Direction
1
Power output 10V ± 5% 150mA
OUT
2
Received Data (RxD)
IN
3
Transmitted Data (TxD)
OUT
4
Ground
5
SPK+
OUT
6
SPK-
OUT
7
MIC+
IN
8
MIC-
IN
Table 13: Pin description fo RJ45
2.2.3
Reset configuration
In case of malfunction the GSM/GPRS modem TANGO offers various
RESET possibilities.
For a RESET of the GSM/GPRS modem please use the following way:
9 If the Ignition Line is removed from the high voltage level (10,8V31,2V), please, supply it to high voltage level (10,8V-31,2V).
9 “Break” on serial interfaces B or C (Transmit Data [TxD] set to “LOW”
for >100ms).
If the GSM software is still running, while the user feels the need to reset
the modem, AT+CFUN=1,1 could be used. This will de-register the modem
from the network and bring it into the state before the PIN has been entered.
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3 General guidelines for the use of the TANGO
3.1 Getting started
3.2 Hardware & software requirements
9
9
9
9
9
A valid SIM card.
Free compatible COM serial port
Pentium 90 or higher.
System memory: At least 64MB
Operating system: Windows® 95, 98/Me/2000/XP
For data, Web and email applications.
9 Dial-up networking configured to your ISP (Internet Service
Provider).
3.2.1
Minimum hardware interface to get started
As a minimum, it is necessary to connect the following interfaces to operate
the TANGO properly:
3.2.1.1 Connecting the external antenna (SMB type)
If you are using a Dual-Band GSM antenna (see chapter 5.3 Possible
external antenna), connect the SMB-female antenna connector to the SMBmale modem connector.
For others external antenna, please refer to manuals of manufacture’s GSM
antenna. Make sure the external antenna is for the GSM 900/1800 or
850/1900 frequency with impedance of 50Ω, and also connector is secured
tightly.
Note: Please use antenna designed for GSM 900/1800 or 850/1900 MHz
operation. Incorrect antenna will affect communication and even
damage the modem.
Figure 8: Connect the GSM antenna
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3.2.1.2 Installing the SIM card
Keep all miniature SIM cards out small children’s reach. The SIM card and
its contacts can be damaged by scratches or bending, so be careful when
handling, inserting or removing the SIM card.
Open the cover cap on the underside of the modem, push the SIM card
holder forwards on the inscription “PUSH ▲ OPEN”, flap the holder
upwards and insert the SIM card into the SIM card holder and push it down
(ensure that the bevelled corner is on the top right and the golden contact
area is facing downwards). Make sure that the SIM card is fit in the SIM
card holder. Push the cap of SIM card holder down until it closed. Close the
opening with the cover cap.
Figure 9: Open the cover cap.
Figure 10: Push the inscription “PUSH ▲
OPEN” to open the SIM card holder.
Figure 11: Insert the SIM card.
Hints: To remove the SIM card please follow the steps above and
remove.
Important: Do not insert or remove the SIM card when the
device is under power.
3.2.1.3 Connecting the Modem to external device cable
You can use the optional RS232 serial cable to connect the D-SUB
connector (Interface B) to external controller/computer. Connect the 9-pin
Sub D-female serial cable to COM1 or COM2 on your PC (or to another
free serial interface port), as shown in Figure 12.a. Connect the other end of
the 9-pin Sub D-male serial cable to the 9-pin serial interface port on the
TANGO modem, as shown in Figure 12.b.
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VERSION 1.04
Figure 12.a: Connect 9pin serial to PC
Figure 12.b: Connect 9pin serial to
modem.
3.2.1.4 Connecting the DC power supply
Connect the open ending of the power supply cable to a power adapter
(10.8...31.2 VDC). Refer to the following table for power supply
requirement.
Power Supply Requirement:
Parameters
Min
Typical
Max
Unit
Supply voltage
10.8
12
31.2
V DC
Table 14: Required power supply
Connect the power supply cable with 4-pin Micro-Fit-male connector to the
modem’s 4-pin Micro-Fit-female connector, and supply voltage via the
power adapter.
The Modem will turn on automatically (“Ignition Line” must be connected
to supply voltage). The status indicator (green and yellow) on the top of
RJ45-Audio interface will be lit when power on. After a few seconds after
you have entered the PIN number (if needed) the green LED will go
flashing slowly (that’s mean registration into the network is successfully).
Note: Do not used the external cable for power supply without a (car
voltage) voltage adapter.
Figure 13.a: Connect the DC power supply
Figure 13.b: Power supply cable
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3.2.1.5 Mounting the terminal
Figure14.a Place the modem on the
cradle and firmly fixed.
Figure14.b Cable-joiner
Place the terminal (if is needed) on the cradle and push it down, make sure that
the modem does not move up and down inside the cradle, the cradle is in the sales
package. After that, the user have to use the cables-joiner for a firmly fixed (figure
14.a) the modem and the power supply cable. For power supply cable use the
small cable-joiner and for modem use one of the length cable-joiner. The
dimensions of cable-joiner are 200 x 3.5 mm and 140 x 3.5 mm.
Note: If you want to mount the terminal on a wall or vehicle, first attach the
cradle to the wall or vehicle as described on the chapter below before
placing the terminal on the cradle.
3.2.1.6 Placing the terminal
Caution:
In order to comply with RF exposure requirements, install the
terminal so that a minimum distance of 20 cm can be maintained
between the antenna and all persons. If you use an external antenna,
install the antenna so that a minimum distance of 20 cm can be
maintained between the antenna and all persons, with antenna gain
not exceeding 3 dBi.
Place the terminal in a proper location, for example on the desk far enough
from your PC. It is also possible to install the terminal to a wall or a vehicle:
1. Choose a location far enough from electronic devices so that no
interference takes place.
2. Drill appropriate screws through the two indentations on the cradle.
3. After you have secured the cradle to the wall or vehicle, place the
terminal as described above in section "Mounting the terminal"
Note: All radio transmitting devices send signals which may cause
interference in different electronic devices (PC, television etc). To avoid
interference, place the terminal far enough from other electronic devices.
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TANGO
3.2.2
VERSION 1.04
Terminal emulator setup
Here below is an example based on the Windows™ Hyperterminal
application (terminal emulator program).
The instructions below describe how to use the TANGO Modem with a PC
running Windows 2000.
3.2.2.1
Checking the Modem (using Microsoft Windows™ Hyper Terminal as
example)
a On the first time power-up you can use a terminal software, which
makes the communication with modem through a RS232 serial port
possible. The following example is using the Hyper Terminal in
Windows 2000.
Figure 15: Using Microsoft Windows™ Hyper Terminal
a On Windows 2000, start the Hyper Terminal program. Assign the name
for a new session on the displayed window.
Figure 16: Assign the name for a new session
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VERSION 1.04
a Choose the correct COM Port and baud rate settings (9600bps, 8 bit, no
parity bit, 1 stop bit).
Figure 17: COM Port transmission settings
a On the terminal screen, type “AT” to check the “OK” response from the
Modem.
Figure 18: Check the response from TANGO
9 Now you can configure the TANGO modem according to your
requirements and according to the AT-Command set.
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TANGO
3.2.3
VERSION 1.04
Getting started to GPRS Network
The following instructions are available only for TANGO versions
providing GPRS.
™ What is GPRS:
9 GPRS is a complete new part of the existing GSM network.
9 GPRS is packed switched high speed mobile data.
9 GPRS is an efficient approach to upgrade the existing GSM to a
packet switched system.
9 GPRS is an important step in direction to mobile internet.
™ What you need?
9 GPRS settings from your network provider
APN (name of access point that connects the mobile
network to the Internet)
Primary and secondary DNS
IP header compression
IP address (DHCP or static)
User name and password ( may be optional)
Dial number
9 Modem installation and configuration
9 Dial-Up Network installation and configuration
Should the standard 19200 modem not installed, you have to install it, else
please turn to the next chapter.
The instructions below describe how to use the TANGO Modem with a PC
running Windows 2000.
3.2.4
Adding a Modem
™ Click Start button, point to Settings, then click Control Panel.
™ Double click the Modem icon.
Figure 19: Add a new Modem.
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™ If your system have no modem installed it will show the Install New
Modem dialog box, otherwise it will show Modem Properties you
can then press the Add button.
™ On Install New Modem dialog box, activate the Don’t detect my
modem check box and press the Next button.
Figure 20: Install new Modem.
™ Select the Standard 19200bps Modem, then press Next.
Figure 21: Select the standard modem.
™ Choose the COM port number where the TANGO modem is
connected to, then press Next button.
Figure 22: Selected ports.
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™ When you have done with the modem installation, click the
Properties button from the modem panel.
Figure 23: Installed modem.
™ Set the speed to 115200.
Figure 24: Select the maximum port speed.
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™ To have a connection to the GPRS Network choose the Advanced tab.
On the “Extra Settings”, type the APN information here. (Consult
your Network Operator for the correct APN settings) Common setting
is: AT+CGDCONT=1,”IP”,”INTERNET”
e.g T-D1 has the following APN:
[AT+CGDCONT=1,”IP”,”internet.t-d1.de”].
Figure 25: GPRS extra initialization command.
3.2.4.1 Making a dial-up networking
This brief guide aims at explaining the basic steps for getting started with
GPRS to the internet. It supposes you are a bit familiar with GPRS concepts,
like network attachment, session or PDP context.
This guide is not intended to give full details about how GPRS works, all
GPRS-specific AT commands (check out the GPRS AT command manual).
The GPRS AT command manual is available on the Falcom’s Website for
download:
Î www.falcom.de/service/manual/
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TANGO
3.2.5
VERSION 1.04
Making a dial-up networking
During the network installation, please follow the on-screen
instructions.
™ Click Start button, point to Program, go to Accessories,
Communication then click Dial-up Networking.
™ Double click to the Make New Connection icon.
Figure 26: Make new connection.
™ The next dialog box click the Next button.
Figure 27: Continue the new connection.
™ Activate the Dial-up to private network radio button, then click
Next.
Figure 28: Network connection type.
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™ On the Phone Number field enter the phone number, e.g T-D1 has
(**99***1#) or (*99#) phone number, then press Next button.
Figure 29: Enter the access number for your Network Operator.
™ Enter the name of the dial-up profile (e.g “GPRS). Press the Finish
button and you have make a GPRS dial-up profile.
Figure 30: Type the name of connection.
™ Now you need to edit some more settings, Right-click just-made
GPRS dial-up icon, then click Properties.
Figure 31: Some more settings.
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™ In the opened dialog box, please, select General tab, then press
Configure button. The dialog box below is displayed. Please select
(activate) the check boxes as shown in the figure below. When the
settings are checked then press OK button.
Figure 32: Modem configuration.
™ As next select the Networking tab, choose on the Internet Protocol
(TCP/IP) component, then press Properties button.
Figure 33: Componnent (TCP/IP) configuration.
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VERSION 1.04
™ The dialog box below is displayed. Activate the Use the following
DNS server addresses and type the DNS address of your Operator
Network (e.g
T-D1 has the following DNS address
193.254.160.001), then press OK button and go back to the GPRS
dial-up icon see upon and follow next stepp below.
Figure 34: Use the DNS server addresses.
™ Before you start GPRS dial-up make sure that SIM card is inserted
and is registered into the GSM network. Registration into the GSM
network can be done by entering the PIN number, using the command
AT+CPIN=**** via HyperTerminal program. After a successful
registration into the GSM network you can make a GPRS dial-up by
double click the GPRS icon. Remember to enter User name, Password
blank and Dial number on the corresponding input field (or refer to
your network operation’s instruction).
Figure 35: The dialog box of registration.
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™ After you have started GPRS dial-up by clicking on the Dial button,
the Pre-Dial Terminal Screen will be displayed. See figure here
below.
Activate by right-click the opened Pre-Dial Terminal Screen screen
and type the command AT+CGATT=1 on the black screen input field.
The GPRS attach is triggered by using this AT Command.
The user can check whether the TANGO is GPRS attached by
entering:
AT+CGREG? which is the counter-part command of AT+CREG?
(GSM attachment status).
There are three possible response of TANGO:
+CGREG:0,1 means the TANGO is successfully attached.
+CGREG:0,0 means the TANGO is trying to attach.
+CGREG:0,2 has failed to attach and stopped trying to attach.
This occurs approx. within 1-3 min of powering up.
Alternatively, the registration status can be retrieved using:
AT+CGATT?
There are two possible response of TANGO:
+CGATT:1 means the MS is successfully attached.
+CGATT:0 means the MS is not attached, or has failed to attach.
This command is somewhat less accurate than AT+CGREG?.
If the TANGO Modem is attached to the GPRS Network the user have
to click the Continue button, the other steps have to done. Normally,
if everything is going smoothly the TANGO modem within 2 or 3
seconds will be able to build a connection to the Internet.
Figure 36: Pre-Dial Terminal Screen.
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™ The next opened dialog box shows the registering to the GPRS (it
takes ca. 2..3 sec.).
Figure 37: Message of registering and logging onto the GPRS network
™ The modem is now connected to the GPRS network. Click OK button.
Connection to the internet is complete, so the user can start by
clicking to the installed internet software.
Figure 38: Message of GPRS connection.
™ Right-click to its icon on the taskbar (if present) or in the Network
Connection folder to check the status of this connection. To
disconnect the connection click the Disconnect Popup menu.
Figure 39: Popup menu of Dial-up connection.
Now the user can start the installed web browser, see the next section.
3.3 Communications software
To connect to the Internet, or to send and receive e-mail or faxes transmit
data from your computer, you need the appropriate data and fax
communications software. You can use the TANGO modem with most
commercially available communications applications, such as Microsoft
Exchange, Microsoft Outlook and Netscape Navigator.
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VERSION 1.04
3.4 Basic Operation
Followings are example of some AT-commands. Please refer to the AT
Command manual for a full discription.
The AT Command manual is available on the Falcom’s Website
Î www.falcom.de/service/manual
NOTE:
Issue AT+CMEE=1 to have extended error code (+CME ERROR)
Description
AT Commands
AT+CREG?
Network
registration
checking
Receiving an
incoming call
Modem responce
Comments
CREG=<mode>,1
Modem registered into the network
CREG=<mode>,2
Registration lost, re-registration attempt
CREG=<mode>,0
Modem not registration into the
network, no registration attempt
RING
An incoming call is waiting
ATA
Answer the call
OK
ATD0123456789;
Make a call
Do not forget the < ; > at the end for <
voice > call
OK
Communication established
CME ERROR: 11
PIN code not entered (with + CMEE=1
mode)
CME ERROR: 3
AOC credit exceeded or a
communication is already established
ATD112;
Do not forget the < ; > at the end for <
voice > call
Make an
emergency call
OK
NO CARRIER
Communicatio
n loss
ATH
Hang up
OK
AT+CPIN=0123
Enter PIN
code
OK
PIN code accepted
CME ERROR: 16
Incorrect PIN Code (with + CMEE=1
mode)
CME ERROR: 3
PIN already entered (with + CMEE=1
mode)
AT&W
OK
The configuration settings are stored
Save
parameter
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non-volatile
memory
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TANGO
VERSION 1.04
Table 15: AT-commands for basic operation
3.4.1
Troubleshooting
1. The modem status indicators do not light:
• Check if the modem is connected to a 10.8 .. 31.2 V DC power
supply properly.
• Check if also the Ignition Line is connected to a 10.8 .. 31.2 V DC
power supply properly.
• Check if the power connector is properly inserted.
2. The modem does not respond to the terminal program:
• Check if the RS232 cable is connected properly.
• Check if your program has proper settings. Manufacture settings
of the modem are as below:
9600 bps
8 data bits
No parity bit
1 stop bit
2
3
GPRS troubleshooting
As already mentioned, GPRS is a rather new technology and as a
consequence networks and mobiles haven't reached yet the stability
level they've been enjoying in GSM.
So expect some failures every so often or total failure on some
networks!
Unfortunately, if you experience a failure (to attach, to activate a
session, etc) , there aren't many workarounds you can try.
3.1. Failure to log onto the GPRS network.
In such a case, try logging onto the GSM network by issuing:
AT+CGCLASS="CC" if MS was in class CG.
Registration progress can be checked with:
AT+ CREG?
See the AT command guide for more information about this
command.
Basically if after a short while it responds +CREG:0,1 then the MS
has successfully completed GSM attachment.
As consequence, failure to GPRS attachment is likely due to either:
MS firmware fault (contact one of Falcom’s distributors)
the cell the MS is camped on does not support GPRS. So far,
there isn't any means to check whether a cell supports GPRS.
In case GSM registration fails as well, faulty hardware or bad
antenna/power connection may be suspected.
Check also the SIM card, and be sure to enter PIN code if needed.
It's also worth to check the MS's IMEI.
3.2. Failure to activate a session
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TANGO
VERSION 1.04
If you had entered AT+CGQREQ=1,0,0,3,0,0 then try with
AT+CGQREQ=1,0,0,0,0,0 and vice-versa.
Also, be sure to enter the APN which is case sensitive.
3.3. Failure to send data after entering an URL
The MS is GPRS attached, the session is successfully open, the
remote dialup connection is running fine on PC but when I enter an
URL in the web browser, nothing seems to happen.
So first of all, double click on dialup connection icon from the tray
bar and check whether the number of sent bytes increases whenever
you enter an URL (and press ENTER).
If that number does not increase there is much likely a routing
problem coming from the PC.
In that case, run the winipcfg tool and check for entries different
from 'PPP adapter' from the combo-list.
If they are so, select them one by one, and for each one hit 'free' to
tell Windows this interface is now down and must done ignored
when routing.
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TANGO
VERSION 1.04
4 Housing
Figure 40: Housing of TANGO versions -xxx/xxx-1(-xx).
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TANGO
VERSION 1.04
4.1 Housing of cradle
Figure 41: Housing of cradle.
Figure 42: View of cradle.
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TANGO
VERSION 1.04
5 Appendix
5.1 Recommendations for power supply
It is recommended to use the PS002 power supply. Also any other power
supply in the range of 10.8 ... 31,2 V DC can be used. It should be able to
deliver 2A peak current (for 577µs, rise time 10µs, period 4.615ms, caused
by GSM-typical radio transmission), where the ripple voltage of the power
supply is recommended to be lower than 300mV.
If the power supply is using input-voltages of more than 50 Vrms
or 75 V DC it is the response of the applicant to conform with the safety
requirements of Telecommunication Terminal Equipment (such as
73/23/EEC).
5.1.1
External cable for power supply
Cable designed below, include in the package shall be used for power
supply connection. The external power cable is a four-conductor cable with
stripped and tinned ends. Connect the white and yellow leads of the external
power cable to the positive side of the DC power source. Connect the brown
lead of the external power cable to the negative side of the DC power
source. The green lead of the external power cable will be left open (not
connected).
COUTION: Observe polarity when connecting the external power cable.
Incorrect input polarity can damage the power adapter.
The connector of power cable is a Micro-Fit 3.0 one.
Part number: 43025-0400 (male)
Figure 43: View of external cable for power supply
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TANGO
VERSION 1.04
5.2 Possible external devices:
There is no active receiver HA-88 included in the deliver package, so you
have to purchase it.
The order number is:
¾ HA-88 (active receiver)
The active handset HA-88 provided by FALCOM GmbH is an accessory for
the FALCOM GSM modems such as A2D-1, A2D-3, A2D-3GPS, A3D and
TANGO.
It provides an additional operating surface similar as like a mobile phone
(keypad and display).
The active receiver communicates with the TANGO modem through
interface C (RJ45) and allows the creation of data connections, display of
the network state and network provider. Further there is given the possibility
to enter a PIN, interrogate and edit the phonebook and optionally there is a
SOS function possible. (You are enabled to establish an emergency call
connection by mean of the SOS button also without SIM card. The button is
pre-configured with the emergency call number by the manufacturer.)
By mean of the comfortable LCD display all running proceedings are
shown.
NOTE:
The active handset HA-88 does not support SMS.
The figure below shows the layout of the active receiver HA-88.
Figure 44: View of active receiver HA-88
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TANGO
5.2.1
VERSION 1.04
Operation of the active receiver
The active receiver HA-88 is plug and play compliant and will be activated
by connection of one of the above-mentioned devices. After the
initialisation cycle (“turning hour glass”) and registration into the network,
it can be used for calling.
Figure 45: Designed of main functions to the active receiver HA-88
5.2.2
Interface
Figure 46: Pin description of active receiver HA-88
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TANGO
VERSION 1.04
5.3 Possible external antenna
There are no antenna included in the deliver package, but the antennas
designed below can be used for antenna connection.
The antenna designed on the figure below are provided by Falcom GmbH.
The order numbers are:
¾ ANT-001-M (with FME-male connector)
¾ Dual-Band GSM antenna (with SMB-female connector)
¾ KA08-F (antenna cable with SMB-female and FME-female connectors)
The external antenna connector can be a SMB or a FME connector, its
dependent on the TANGO version (on all versions of TANGO with the
following string TANGO xxx/xxx-1(-xx) using a SMB-male antenna
connector and other versions TANGO xxx/xxx-2(-xx)using a FMEfemale antenna connector see table 1). The TANGO modem with SMB
connector incorporates a 'Snap On' latching action in order to make the
connection easier with an excellent RF performance. An additional
advantage is its small physical size. Figures (47.a and 47.b) below shows the
possibilities of external GSM/GPRS antennas.
If your TANGO modem provides an external SMB connector on the
antenna interface both of the designed below GSM/GPRS antennas can be
used. In case of using the ANT-001-M with FME connector, FALCOM
GmbH provides a special adapter cable between the TANGO and FME
antenna connector. The FALCOM type code of this adapter cable is KA08F.
Figure (47.a) below shows an external GSM/GPRS antenna with FME
connector (ANT-001-M). If your TANGO modem provides an external
FME connector on the antenna interface only a GSM/GPRS antenna with
FME connector (ANT-001-M) can be used.
Figure 47.a: ANT-001-M with FME-male connector and KA08F with SMB-female and FME-female connector.
Figure 47.b: Dual-Band GSM
antenna with SMB-female connector
5.4 Possible external headset
A different microphone inputs and a different speaker outputs are supported
by the TANGO modem, so an external headset interface through the RJ45
connector (interface C) is available.
Follow the characteristics to install a headset:
2KΩ differential
Microphone impedance
2V
Microphone bias voltage
0,5mA
Microphone input current
>32Ω (<1nF)
Speaker impedance
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