Next Generation Do it Yourself AutoScanner®

Next Generation Do it Yourself AutoScanner®
Next Generation
Do it Yourself AutoScanner®
Performs diagnostics on
OBD II compliant vehicles
Instructions in English, Spanish, and French
Instrucciones en Inglés, Español, y Francés
Instructions en Anglais, Espagnol, et les Français
15825 Industrial Parkway
Cleveland Ohio 44135 USA (EUA)
Tool Information
Complete the following list.
Provide this information when
contacting customer support.
Serial No:
SW ID:
Refer to section 4.7 to get the Serial Number
(Serial No) and Software Identification (SW ID.)
If you have questions or concerns Contact
Technical Support:
• Phone: 1-800-228-7667
• Web Site: www.actron.com
• Mail:
SPX Service Solutions
15825 Industrial Parkway
Cleveland, Ohio 44135
Copyright Information
Copyright © 2005 SPX Corporation
All rights reserved.
The information, specifications and illustrations in this
guide are based on the latest information available at the
time of printing. SPX Corporation reserves the right to
make changes at any time without notice.
Table of Contents
Safety Precautions
SF1-SF10
Section 1 - Getting Started
Using CD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Running Applications On Included CD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1- 3
Vehicle Service Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Introduction to On-Board Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
SAE Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Data Link Connector (DLC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
Section 2 - AutoScanner ® Specifications &
Power Information
The AutoScanner® Keypad Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Included with AutoScanner ® . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vehicle Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1
2-2
2-2
2-3
2-3
2-4
2-4
2-5
Section 3 - Using AutoScanner ®: Diagnostic
Trouble Codes (DTCs) and Data
Read Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Erase Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
MIL (Malfunction Indicator Lamp) Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
I/M Monitors (Emissions Systems) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
View Freeze Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
Code Lookup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Section 4 - System Setup / Test
System Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Adjusting Display Contrast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Language Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Display Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Keypad Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Memory Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Tool Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Program Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Section 5 - Troubleshooting
Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Tool Does Not Power Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Operating Error or Erroneous Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Glossary
Global PID’s
Warranty & Repair
A1-A11
B1-B3
Safety Precautions
For safety, read, understand and follow all safety messages
and instructions in manual and on test equipment before
operating tool.
Always refer to and follow safety messages and test
procedures provided by manufacturer of vehicle and tools.
Safety messages below and throughout this manual are
reminders to use caution when using tool.
Safety Messages
Safety messages are provided to help prevent personal injury
and equipment damage.
Safety messages in this section of the manual have a signal
word with a 3 part message and, in some cases, an icon. The
signal word indicates the level of the hazard.
Signal Words Used:
! DANGER
Indicates a possible hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, will result in death or
serious injury to operator or bystanders.
! WARNING
Indicates a possible hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, could result in death or
serious injury to operator or bystanders.
! CAUTION
Indicates a possible hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, may result in moderate
or minor injury to operator or bystanders.
IMPORTANT
Indicates a condition which, if not avoided,
may result in damage to test equipment or
vehicle.
SF-1
Type Styles Used:
Normal type states hazard.
Bold type states how to avoid hazard.
Italic type states possible results of not avoiding hazard.
Icons used:
An icon, when present, gives a graphical description of
possible hazard.
Example:
Engine systems can malfunction spilling fuel,
oil vapors, hot steam, hot toxic exhaust gases,
acid, refrigerant and other debris.
• Wear safety goggles and protective gloves
- User and bystander
- Even if your everyday glasses have impact
resistant lenses, they may NOT be safety
glasses, and may not provide adequate
protection.
Engine systems that malfunction can cause
injury.
Important Safety Messages
Risk of electric shock.
• Do not exceed voltage limits between
inputs indicated in “Specifications.”
• Use extreme caution when working with
circuits that have greater than 60 volts DC
or 24 volts AC.
Electric shock can cause injury.
SF-2
Risk of explosion.
! WARNING
• Wear safety goggles and protective
clothing.
- User and bystander
- Even if your everyday glasses have impact
resistant lenses, they may NOT be safety
glasses, and may not provide adequate
protection.
• Do not use Tool in environments where
explosive vapors may collect.
- As in below-ground pits, confined areas, or
areas that are less than 18 inches above
floor.
• Use Tool in locations with mechanical
ventilation providing at least 4 air changes
per hour.
• Flammable fuel and vapors can ignite.
• Do not smoke, strike a match, or cause a
spark in vicinity of battery.
Battery gases can ignite.
• Avoid making accidental connection
between battery terminals.
- Do not place uninsulated metal tools on
battery.
• When removing battery cables, remove
ground cable first.
• Avoid sparks when connecting or
disconnecting power leads to battery.
• Make sure ignition is OFF, headlights and
other accessories are OFF and vehicle
doors are closed before disconnecting
battery cables.
- This also helps prevent damage to on-board
computer systems.
• Always disconnect battery ground
connections before servicing electrical
system components.
Explosion can cause injury.
SF-3
! WARNING
Risk of poisoning.
• Use Tool in locations with mechanical
ventilation providing at least 4 air changes
per hour. Engine exhaust contains odorless
lethal gas.
• Route exhaust outside while testing with
engine running.
Poisoning can result in death or serious injury.
! WARNING
Battery acid is a highly corrosive sulfuric acid.
• Wear safety goggles and protective gloves.
- User and bystander
- Even if your everyday glasses have impact
resistant lenses, they may NOT be safety
glasses, and may not provide adequate
protection.
• Make sure someone can hear or is close
enough to provide aid when working near a
battery.
• Have plenty of fresh water and soap nearby.
- If battery acid contacts skin, clothing, or
eyes, flush exposed area with soap and
water for 10 minutes.
- Seek medical help.
• Do not touch eyes while working near
battery.
Battery acid can burn eyes and skin.
SF-4
Risk of fire.
• Wear safety goggles and protective
clothing.
- User and bystander
- Even if your everyday glasses have impact
resistant lenses, they may NOT be safety
glasses, and may not provide adequate
protection.
• Do not position head directly over or in
front of throttle body.
• Do not pour gasoline down throttle body
when cranking or running engine, when
working with fuel delivery systems or any
open fuel line.
- Engine backfire can occur when air cleaner
is out of position.
• Do not use fuel injector cleaning solvents
when performing diagnostic testing.
• Keep cigarettes, sparks, open flame and
other sources of ignition away from vehicle.
• Keep a dry chemical (Class B) fire
extinguisher rated for gasoline, chemical
and electrical fires in work area.
Fire can cause death or serious injury.
Risk of flying particles.
• Wear safety goggles while using electrical
equipment.
- Electrical equipment or rotating engine parts
can cause flying particles.
- Even if your everyday glasses have impact
resistant lenses, they may NOT be safety
glasses, and may not provide adequate
protection.
Flying particles can cause eye injury.
SF-5
Risk of burns.
• Batteries can produce a short-circuit
current high enough to weld jewelry to
metal.
- Remove jewelry such as rings, bracelets
and watches before working near batteries.
Short circuits can cause injury.
! WARNING
Risk of burns.
• Do not remove radiator cap unless engine
is cold.
- Pressurized engine coolant may be hot.
• Do not touch hot exhaust systems,
manifolds, engines, radiators, sample
probe, etc.
• Wear insulated gloves when handling hot
engine components.
• Tester leads can become hot after extended
testing in close proximity to manifolds etc.
Hot components can cause injury.
SF-6
Risk of spilling fuel, oil vapors, hot steam, hot
toxic exhaust gases, acid, refrigerant and
other debris.
• Wear safety goggles and protective
clothing
- User and bystander
- Even if your everyday glasses have impact
resistant lenses, they may NOT be safety
glasses, and may not provide adequate
protection.
• Engine systems can malfunction
- Expelling fuel, oil vapors, hot steam, hot
toxic exhaust gases, acid, refrigerant and
other debris.
Fuel, oil vapors, hot steam, hot toxic exhaust
gases, acid, refrigerant and other debris can
cause serious injury.
Engine compartment contains electrical
connections and hot or moving parts.
• Keep personnel, test leads, clothing and
other objects clear of electrical
connections and hot or moving engine
parts.
• Do not wear watches, rings, or loose fitting
clothing when working in an engine
compartment.
• Do not place tools on fenders or other
places in engine compartment.
• To help identify danger zones in test areas
use barriers.
• Prevent personnel from walking through
test area.
Contacting electrical connections and hot or
moving parts can cause injury.
SF-7
Risk of injury.
• Only qualified personnel should operate
tool.
• Use tool only as described in guide.
• Do not operate tool with damaged cords.
• Do not operate tool if dropped or damaged,
until examined by a qualified service
representative.
Operation of tool by anyone other than qualified
personnel may result in injury.
! WARNING
PRNDL2
Risk of unexpected vehicle movement.
• Block drive wheels before performing a test
with engine running.
• Unless instructed otherwise:
- set parking brake
- put gear selector in neutral for standard
transmissions
- put gear selector in park for automatic
transmissions
- disconnect release mechanism on
automatic parking brake release, for testing
and reconnect when testing is completed.
• Do not leave engine running unattended.
A moving vehicle can cause injury.
SF-8
! CAUTION
Risk of equipment or circuit damage.
• Unless specifically directed by
manufacturer, make sure ignition is OFF
before connecting or disconnecting
connectors or any vehicle electrical
terminals.
• Do not create a short between battery
terminals with a jumper wire or tools.
Improper equipment use can cause equipment
or circuit damage.
! CAUTION
Misdiagnosis may lead to incorrect or
improper repair and/or adjustment.
• Do not rely on erratic, questionable, or
obviously erroneous test information or
results.
- Make sure all connections and data entry
information are correct and test procedures
performed right, if test information or results
are erratic, questionable, or obviously
erroneous.
- If test information or results are still
suspicious, do not use them for diagnosis.
Improper repair and/or adjustment may cause
vehicle or equipment damage or unsafe
operation.
SF-9
! DANGER
Some vehicles are equipped with air bags.
• Follow vehicle service manual’s warnings
when working around air bag components
or wiring.
- If service manual instructions are not
followed, air bag may open unexpectedly,
resulting in injury.
- Note air bag can still open up several
minutes after ignition key is off (or if vehicle
battery is disconnected) because of a
special energy reserve module.
An air bag opening can cause injury.
SF-10
Section 1 – Getting Started
The Global OBD II AutoScanner ® was developed by experts
in the automotive service industry to help diagnose vehicles
and assist in troubleshooting procedures.
AutoScanner ® monitors vehicle events and retrieves codes
from vehicle’s control module to help pinpoint problem areas.
All information, illustrations and specifications contained in
this manual are based on the latest information available from
industry sources at the time of publication.
No warranty (expressed or implied) can be made for its
accuracy or completeness, nor is any responsibility assumed
by the manufacturer or anyone connected with it for loss or
damages suffered through reliance on any information
contained in this guide or misuse of accompanying product.
The manufacturer reserves the right to make changes at any
time to this guide or accompanying product without obligation
to notify any person or organization of such changes.
Getting Started
1-1
Using CD
✓
The Included CD is NOT required to operate
AutoScanner ®.
✓
Some of the items included on the CD are:
❒
❒
❒
❒
✓
Manuals included with AutoScanner ®.
DTC Lookup Software.
Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Other Product Information.
To be able to use the included CD the PC must meet the
following minimum requirements:
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
486 PC.
4 MB of RAM.
Microsoft Windows 95 or Newer.
CD ROM Drive.
Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Internet Explorer 4.0 or Newer.
Screen Resolution of 800 x 600
– If screen resolution is 800 x 600, in Display Properties, Settings
Tab, set Font Size to Small Fonts.
1-2
Getting Started
Running Applications On Included CD
1.Close All Programs on Computer.
2.Place Included CD in CD-Drive.
✓
If CD does not start automatically;
❒ Select the Start button.
❒ Select Run...
❒ Enter “X:\Menu.Exe” in Open
Box on Computer and select
OK.
❒ “X” is the CD-ROM
drive letter on the
computer.
3.Observe Menu Appears.
4.Follow screen prompts on computer to run
applications.
Getting Started
1-3
Vehicle Service Information
The following is a list of web sites and phone numbers where
electronic engine control diagnostic information is available.
✓
1-4
Some manuals may be available at your local dealer,
auto parts stores or local public libraries
Getting Started
Web Site
Phone Number
Chevrolet
Pontiac
General Oldsmobile
Motors Buick
Cadillac
Saturn
Domestic
Ford
Vehicles
Ford
Lincoln
Mercury
Chrysler
Dodge
Chrysler
Plymouth
Eagle
Audi
Volkswagon
BMW
MINI
Jaguar
European Vehicles Volvo
Mercedes
Land Rover
Porsche
Saab
Acura
Honda
Lexus
Scion
Toyota
Hyundai
Infiniti
Nissian
Asian Vehicles Kia
Mazda
Daewoo
Subaru
Isuzu
Geo
Mitsubishi
Suzuki
Chilton Book Company
Other Manuals Haynes Publications
Bentley Publishers
www.chevrolet.com
www.pontiac.com
www.oldsmobile.com
www.buick.com
www.cadillac.com
www.saturn.com
www.ford.com
www.lincoln.com
www.mercury.com
www.chrysler.com
www.dodge.com
Not Available
Not Available
www.audi.com
www.vw.com
www.bmw.com
www.mini.com
www.jaguar.com
www.volvo.com
www.mercedes-benz.com
www.landrover.com
www.porsche.com
www.saab.com
www.acura.com
www.honda.com
www.lexus.com
www.scion.com
www.toyota.com
www.hyundai.com
www.infiniti.com
www.nissianusa.com
www.kia.com
www.mazda.com
www.daewoo.com
www.subaru.com
www.isuzu.com
Not Available
www.mitsubishi.com
www.suzukiauto.com
www.chiltonsonline.com
www.haynes.com
www.bentleypublishers.com
1-800-551-4123
1-800-551-4123
1-800-551-4123
1-800-551-4123
1-800-333-4CAD
1-800-553-6000
1-800-392-3673
1-800-392-3673
1-800-392-3673
1-800-348-4696
1-800-348-4696
1-800-348-4696
1-800-348-4696
1-800-544-8021
1-800-544-8021
1-201-307-4000
1-201-307-4000
1-800-4-JAGUAR
1-800-458-1552
1-800-367-6372
1-800-637-6837
1-800-PORSCHE
1-800-955-9007
1-800-999-1009
1-800-999-1009
1-800-255-3987
1.866.70.SCION
1-800-GO-TOYOTA
1-800-633-5151
1-800-662-6200
1-800-nissian1
1-800-333-4542
1-800-222-5500
1-822-759-2114
1-800-SUBARU3
1-800-255-6727
Not Available
1-888-MITSU2004
1-800-934-0934
1-800-347-7707
1-800-242-4637
1-800-423-4595
Repair Information Mitchell
Programs
www.mitchell1.com
1-888-724-6742
Suitable Manual
Titles
Getting Started
ALLDATA
www.alldata.com
“Diagnostic Service Manuals”
“PowerTrain Codes and Oxygen Sensors”
“Automotive Emission Control Manual”
“Fuel Injection”
“Automotive Electrical Manual”
“Automotive Electrics and Electronics”
“Automotive Sensors”
“Electronic Transmission Control”
“Emission Control Technology
“Engine Management”
or similar titles...
1-800-697-2533
1-5
Introduction to On-Board Diagnostics
OBD II (On-Board Diagnostics version II) is a system that the
Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) developed to
standardize automotive electronic diagnosis.
Beginning in 1996, most new vehicles sold in the USA were
OBD II compliant.
✓
Technicians now can use the same tool to test any OBD
II compliant vehicle without special adapters. SAE
established guidelines that provide:
❒ A universal connector, called the Data Link Connector
(DLC), with dedicated pin assignments.
❒ A standard location for the Data Link Connector (DLC),
visible under the dash on driver’s side.
❒ A standard list of diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) used
by all manufacturers.
❒ A standard list of parameter identification (PID) data
used by all manufacturers.
❒ Ability for vehicle systems to record operating conditions
when fault occurs.
❒ Expanded diagnostic capabilities that records a code
whenever a condition occurs that affects vehicle
emissions.
❒ Ability to clear stored codes from vehicles memory with
Tool.
SAE Publications
SAE has published hundreds of pages of text defining a
standard communication protocol that establishes hardware,
software, and circuit parameters of OBD II systems.
• SAE publishes recommendations, not laws, but the
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and California Air
Resources Board (CARB) made many of SAE’s
recommendations legal requirements.
1-6
Getting Started
Data Link Connector (DLC)
The AutoScanner ® uses a Data Link Connector (DLC) to
communicate with the vehicle’s control module.
✓
Data Link
Connector
Location.
❒ Under
dashboard on
driver side of
vehicle.
❒ If Data Link
Connector is
not located
under dashboard, a label should be there telling where
the connector can be found.
Data Link Connector (DLC) Pins
1 - Manufacturer Reserved
2 - J1850 Bus+
3 - Manufacturer Reserved
4 - Chassis Ground
5 - Signal Ground
6 - CAN High, J-2284
7 - K Line, ISO 9141-2 & ISO/DIS 14230-4
8 - Manufacturer Reserved
9 - Manufacturer Reserved
10 - J1850 Bus11 - Manufacturer Reserved
12 - Manufacturer Reserved
Getting Started
1
8
9
16
13 - Manufacturer Reserved
14 - CAN Low, J-2284
15 - L Line, ISO 9141-2 & ISO/DIS 14230-4
16 - Battery Power
1-7
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs)
✓
Diagnostic Trouble Codes help determine the cause of a
problem or problems with a vehicle.
❒ Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) consist of a five-digit
alphanumeric code.
❒ The Diagnostic Trouble Codes format and general code
types are shown below.
Bx - Body
Cx - Chassis
Px - Powertrain
Ux - Network Comm.
x = 0, 1, 2 or 3
P0 1 0 1
Specific Fault Designation
Vehicle Specific System
Example:
P0101 - Mass or Volume Air Flow Circuit Range/Performance Problem
Powertrain Codes
P0xxx - Generic (SAE)
P1xxx - Manufacturer Specific
P2xxx - Generic (SAE)
P30xx-P33xx - Manufacturer Specific
P34xx-P39xx - Generic (SAE)
Chassis Codes
C0xxx - Generic (SAE)
C1xxx - Manufacturer Specific
C2xxx - Manufacturer Specific
C3xxx - Generic (SAE)
1-8
Getting Started
Body Codes
B0xxx - Generic (SAE)
B1xxx - Manufacturer Specific
B2xxx - Manufacturer Specific
B3xxx - Generic (SAE)
Network Communication Codes
U0xxx - Generic (SAE)
U1xxx - Manufacturer Specific
U2xxx - Manufacturer Specific
U3xxx - Generic (SAE)
Within each category (Powertrain, Chassis, Body and
Network) of Diagnostic Trouble Codes there are assigned
ranges for different vehicle systems.
Lower
Upper Assigned DTC System
P0000
P0100
P0300
P0400
P0500
P0600
P0700
P0A00
P1000
P1100
P1300
P1400
P1500
P1600
P1700
P2000
P2300
P2400
P2500
P2600
P2700
P2900
P3300
P3400
U0000
U0100
U0300
U0400
P00FF
P02FF
P03FF
P04FF
P05FF
P06FF
P09FF
P0AFF
P10FF
P12FF
P13FF
P14FF
P15FF
P16FF
P19FF
P22FF
P23FF
P24FF
P25FF
P26FF
P27FF
P32FF
P33FF
P34FF
U00FF
U02FF
U03FF
U04FF
✓
Fuel Air Metering Auxiliary Emission Controls
Fuel Air Metering
Ignition System or Misfire
Auxiliary Emission Controls
Vehicle Speed Idle Control Auxiliary Inputs
Computer and Auxiliary Outputs
Transmission
Hybrid Propulsion
Manufacturer Control Fuel & Air Metering, Auxiliary Emission Controls
Manufacturer Control Fuel & Air Metering
Manufacturer Control Ignition System or Misfire
Manufacturer Control Auxiliary emission Controls
Manufacturer Cntrl Veh.Spd. Idle Speed Control Auxiliary Inputs
Manufacturer Control Auxiliary Inputs Auxiliary Outputs
Manufacturer Control Transmission
Fuel Air Metering Auxiliary emission Controls
Ignition System or Misfire
Auxiliary Emission Controls
Auxiliary Inputs
Computer and Auxiliary Outputs
Transmission
Fuel Air Metering Auxiliary Emission Controls
Ignition System
Cylinder Deactivation
Network Electrical
Network Communication
Network Software
Network Data
J2012 and ISO 15031-6 are standards for all Diagnostic
Trouble Codes, established by the SAE, International
Organization for Standardization (ISO) and other
governing bodies.
❒ Codes and definitions assigned by these specifications
are known as Generic OBD II codes.
❒ OBD II requires compliance to these standards, for all
cars, light trucks, APVs, MPVs, and SUVs sold in the
U.S.
❒ Codes not reserved by SAE are manufacturer reserved
and referred to as Manufacturer Specific Codes.
Getting Started
1-9
1-10
Getting Started
Section 2 – AutoScanner ®
Specifications & Power
Information
The AutoScanner ® Keypad Configuration
B
C
d
e
f
g
h
i
J
a
b
LCD Display – 128 x 64 graphic
display with contrast adjust.
UP arrow key – moves UP
through functions and picks YES
on questions requiring a yes or no
answer.
ENTER key – selects displayed
items.
DOWN arrow key – moves
DOWN through functions and
picks NO on questions requiring a
yes or no answer.
BACK key – usually returns to
previous screen or DIAGNOSTIC
MENU and cancels the prior
selection.
ERASE hot key – used to run
the Erase function.
POWER key – turns power ON
or OFF when disconnected from
vehicle.
OBDII Cable – provides
connection for vehicle interface.
Serial Port – gives a way to get
9
2
3
on top
1
4
8
7
6
5
10
upgrades for the AutoScanner ®.
Serial Number Plate – (On Back)
shows serial number.
Battery Compartment –
provides power to AutoScanner ®
for upgrading or reviewing codes
off-vehicle.
11
AutoScanner ® Specifications & Power Information
2-1
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 2–1
Specifications
Display: 128 x 64 pixel display with contrast adjust.
Operating Temperature: 0 to 50°C (32 to 122°F)
Storage Temperature: -20 to 70°C (-4 to 158°F)
External Power: 7 to 16 Volts
✓
A minimum of 8.0 V is required for most control modules
to operate properly in a vehicle.
Power Dissipation: 5 Watts maximum
Dimensions:
Thickness
1.125"
28.6 mm
Width
3.25"
82.6 mm
Length
7.75"
196.9 mm
Included with AutoScanner ®
Part
Manual
CD
Product
Registration
✓
Part Description
Used to give an understanding on how to operate the tool.
The CD includes:
- DTC Lookup Software - for looking up DiagnosticTrouble Codes.
- Manual
- Other Product Information
Used to Register Tool for troubleshooting concerns and updating
tool.
Part
Number
0002-2826
1000-5287
0002-2306
Replacement Parts are available from the manufacturer
by contacting customer service.
• Phone: 1-800-228-7667 (8:00 - 6:00 EST Monday - Friday)
2-2
AutoScanner ® Specifications & Power Information
Display
The display has a large viewing area displaying messages,
instructions, and diagnostic information.
✓
The Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) is a 128 x 64 pixel
display.
❒ Characters used to help operate AutoScanner ® are:
Indicates current selection.
Indicates additional information is available on
previous screen.
Indicates additional information is available on next
screen.
Pending Indicates the code is a pending code. Refer to the
Read Codes Section for more details.
Er
Appears if the ERASE hot key is available.
Indicates to install or replace the internal battery soon.
Keypad
The keypad is used to move through the different menus of the
AutoScanner ®.
! CAUTION
Do not use solvents such as alcohol to clean
keypad or display. Use a mild nonabrasive
detergent and a soft cotton cloth.
! CAUTION
Do not soak keypad as water might find its
way inside the AutoScanner ®.
AutoScanner ® Specifications & Power Information
2-3
Power
Internal Battery
✓
The Internal Battery allows the operator to Review Data
or look up Diagnostic Trouble Code definitions without
being connected to a vehicle.
✓
Refer to “Tool Does Not Power Up” if there are problems.
✓
When the tool is not connected to
the vehicle the
POWER key
turns tool ON and OFF.
POWER
key for at least 1 second to turn
ON AutoScanner ®.
ENTER
❒ Press and hold
ERASE
✓
When powered from the internal battery, AutoScanner ®
turns OFF after a period of inactivity.
✓
The AutoScanner ® checks
the internal battery when
turning on tool.
❒ If voltage is low, Low
MENU DE DIAGNOSTIC
====================
Read
Codes
Lire les
Codes
Effacer les Codes
Statut MIL
Controles I/M
Voir Donnees Figees
Examiner
Battery Symbol ()
displays on screen.
❒ Replace battery with
instructions provided in “Battery Replacement.”
! CAUTION
2-4
Remove battery from battery compartment if
AutoScanner ® is not going to be in use for an
extended period of time.
AutoScanner ® Specifications & Power Information
Vehicle Power
When using the OBDII Cable, the
power to the AutoScanner ®
comes from the vehicle Data Link
Connector (DLC.)
Diagnostic
Connector
1.Find Data Link
Connector on
Vehicle.
•Under dashboard
on driver side of
vehicle.
•If Data Link
Connector is not
located under the dashboard, a label should be there
telling where the connector can be found.
2.Remove Data Link
Connector Cover if
Required.
Diagnostic
Connector
AutoScanner ® Specifications & Power Information
2-5
3.Connect OBD II Cable to Vehicle.
•Make sure pins are not bent.
•Carefully align cable plug and push
straight into Data Link Connector
(DLC).
4.Observe AutoScanner ® Turns On.
2-6
AutoScanner ® Specifications & Power Information
Section 3 – Using AutoScanner ®:
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) and
Data
Read Codes
The Read Codes function allows the AutoScanner ® to read
the Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) and Pending Codes
from the vehicle’s computer modules.
✓
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) help determine the cause
of a problem or problems with a vehicle.
✓
Read Codes can be done with the Key On Engine Off
(KOEO) or with the Key On Engine Running (KOER).
✓
“Continuous monitor” and “maturing codes” are other names
for Pending Codes.
✓
If Pending Codes or faults occur a specific number of times
(depending on vehicle), they mature into a DTC and the MIL
lights or blinks.
✓
If a fault does not occur within a certain number of warm-up
cycles (depending on vehicle), the Pending Code or
Diagnostic Trouble Code clears from vehicle’s computer
module.
✓
Pending Code faults, DO NOT automatically indicate a
faulty component or system.
Using AutoScanner ®: Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs)
3-1
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 3–1
1. Select Read Codes.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key to
highlight Read Codes.
•Press
ENTER.
2.View Diagnostic
Trouble Codes.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key if
more than one
Diagnostic Trouble
Code is present.
•Display shows the
number of Diagnostic
Trouble Codes
present on the top right
section of the display.
❒ Example shows a
Pending Diagnostic
Trouble Code.
✓
DIAGNOSTIC MENU
====================
Read
Codes
Read Codes
Erase Codes
MIL Status
I/M Monitors
View Freeze Data
Review
P0401
1 of 10
EGR Flow
Insufficient
P0401
1 of 10
Pending
EGR Flow
Insufficient
Additional Diagnostic Trouble Codes are available on the
DTC Lookup CD software.
3.Return to DIAGNOSTIC MENU.
• Press BACK key.
ENTER
ERASE
3-2
Using AutoScanner ®: Diagnostic Trouble Codes
Erase Codes
The Erase Codes function deletes Diagnostic Trouble Codes
and clears I/M Monitors from vehicle’s computer module(s).
(See I/M Monitors.)
✓
The Erase Codes function may also erase View Freeze
Data results depending on vehicle.
✓
Check vehicle systems completely before using the Erase
Code function.
❒ Erase stored Diagnostic Trouble Codes and verify no
codes reset. A Diagnostic Trouble Code returns if
problem is not fixed or other faults are present.
✓
Before deciding repairs are done vehicle may need to be
driven so monitors can run.
✓
With the engine running a reject message could display
when trying to erase codes.
✓
If
ERASE hot key is
available to be used an icon
shows on the display.
ON
OFF
1. Prepare Vehicle.
•Turn Key On.
•Verify Engine Off.
DIAGNOSTIC MENU
====================
Read
Codes
Read Codes
Er
Erase Codes
MIL Status
I/M Monitors
View Freeze Data
Review
Using AutoScanner ®: Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs)
3-3
2.Press
ERASE Hot Key.
ENTER
ERASE
OR
2.Select Erase Codes.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key to
highlight Erase Codes.
•Press
ENTER.
✓
If diagnostic results and codes
are not to be erased press
DOWN arrow key for NO.
DIAGNOSTIC MENU
====================
Read Codes
Er
Erase
Codes
Erase Codes
MIL Status
I/M Monitors
View Freeze Data
Review
ERASE
====================
5 Codes Found.
Are you sure you
want to Erase
Diagnostic Results
and Codes
▲ YES
▼ NO
3.Press
UP Arrow Key for YES
to Clear Diagnostic Results
and Codes.
3-4
ENTER
ERASE
Using AutoScanner ®: Diagnostic Trouble Codes
✓
The screen shown
appears if engine is
running.
ERASE
====================
Engine is Running
Turn Engine Off
Turn Key On
Press ENTER
To Continue
4.Observe “Command
Sent” Message
Displays.
•Press
ENTER.
ERASE
====================
Command Sent
No Codes Remain
Press ENTER
To Continue
✓
A Diagnostic Trouble Code may remain if problem is not
fixed or other faults are present.
Using AutoScanner ®: Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs)
3-5
MIL (Malfunction Indicator Lamp)
Status
MIL Status displays the state of the vehicles computer
module(s).
✓
MIL Status is most useful if the engine is running.
✓
Some manufacturers turn the MIL off if a certain number of
drive cycles occur without a fault.
✓
The computer’s memory erases Trouble Codes and resets
MIL from memory if fault does not occur after 40 warm-up
cycles.
1. Select MIL Status.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key to
highlight MIL Status.
•Press
ENTER.
DIAGNOSTIC MENU
====================
Read Codes
Erase Codes
MIL
Status
MIL Status
I/M Monitors
View Freeze Data
Review
2. Review Results.
OR
MIL is ON
MIL is OFF
MIL Lamp Should
be ON if
Engine is Running
MIL Lamp Should
be OFF if
Engine is Running
Press BACK to Exit
Press BACK to Exit
3.Return to DIAGNOSTIC MENU.
• Press BACK key.
ENTER
ERASE
3-6
Using AutoScanner ®: Diagnostic Trouble Codes
I/M Monitors (Emissions Systems)
The I/M Monitors (Inspection / Maintenance) function is used
to view a SNAPSHOT of the operations for the Emission
System on OBD II vehicles since the Diagnostic Trouble
Codes were cleared.
✓
I/M Monitors is a very useful function. To guarantee no faults
make sure all monitors are “ok” or “n/a” and no DTC’s exist.
✓
During normal driving conditions, the vehicle’s computer
scans the emission system. After a specific amount of drive
time (each monitor has specific driving conditions and time
required), the computer’s "monitors" will decide if the
vehicles emission system is working correctly or not as well
as detecting out of range values. When the "monitor’s"
status is:
• "ok" - vehicle was driven enough to complete the monitor.
• "inc" (Incomplete) - vehicle was not driven enough to
complete the monitor.
• "n/a" (Not Applicable) - vehicle does not support that
monitor.
✓
Some states MAY NOT require all monitors listed to be
Ready to pass the emissions test. Check with state testing
site for exact requirements. All states will fail a vehicle that
has the MIL Light lit at time of test.
✓
Refer to the vehicles service manual for the drive cycle
operation.
✓
Depending on vehicle, disconnecting or a discharged
battery may erase trouble codes and clear monitor status.
✓
Clear Monitors by:
❒ Erasing Codes.
❒ Vehicle Computer Module losing power (on some
vehicles.)
Using AutoScanner ®: Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs)
3-7
✓
I/M Monitors function can be done with the Key On, Engine
Running or Off.
1. Select I/M Monitors.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key to
highlight I/M Monitors.
•Press
ENTER.
2.View Summary of
Monitor Status.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key.
DIAGNOSTIC MENU
====================
Read Codes
Erase Codes
MIL Status
I/M Monitors
Monitors
I/M
View Freeze Data
Review
SINCE DTCS CLEARED
====================
Misfire Monitor
ok
Fuel System Mon
ok
Comp Component
ok
Catalyst Mon
inc
Htd Catalyst
n/a
Evap System Mon
n/a
Abbreviate Name
Expanded Name
Misfire Monitor
Fuel System Mon
Comp Component
Catalyst Mon
Htd Catalyst
Evap System Mon
Sec Air System
A/C Refrig Mon
Oxygen Sens Mon
Oxygen Sens Htr
EGR System Mon
Misfire Monitor
Fuel System Monitor
Comprehensive Components Monitor
Catalyst Monitor
Heated Catalyst Monitor
Evaporative System Monitor
Secondary Air System Monitor
Air Conditioning Refrigerant Monitor
Oxygen Sensor Monitor
Oxygen Sensor Heater Monitor
Exhaust Gas Recirculation System Monitor
3.Return to DIAGNOSTIC MENU.
• Press BACK key.
ENTER
ERASE
3-8
Using AutoScanner ®: Diagnostic Trouble Codes
View Freeze Data
View Freeze Data is a “snapshot” of the operating conditions
at the time of an emission-related fault.
✓
Faults with higher priority can overwrite View Freeze Data.
✓
Depending on when vehicle DTCs were last erased, Freeze
Frame Data may not be stored in vehicles memory.
1. Select View Freeze
Data.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key to
highlight View Freeze
Data.
•Press
ENTER.
✓
DIAGNOSTIC MENU
====================
Read Codes
Erase Codes
MIL Status
I/M Monitors
View
Fre ezeData
Data
View Freeze
Review
While collecting data, several screens show.
2.Select DTC (if more
than 1 DTC is
present.)
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key to
highlight desired frame.
•Press
ENTER.
SELECT FRAME
====================
P0433
P0443
P0723
Using AutoScanner ®: Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs)
3-9
3.View Freeze Data.
FREEZE FRAME
====================
DTC that caused
freeze frame
P0443
Catalyst Temp
Bank 1 Sensor 1
S
152 F
4.Select another frame to view (if
available.)
• Press BACK key.
ENTER
ERASE
5.Return to DIAGNOSTIC MENU.
• Press BACK key.
ENTER
ERASE
3-10
Using AutoScanner ®: Diagnostic Trouble Codes
Review
The Review function allows the user to view the previous
vehicle tested information.
✓
AutoScanner ® requires power from either the vehicle or the
internal battery to use the Review function.
1. Select Review.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key to
highlight Review.
•Press
ENTER.
✓
DIAGNOSTIC MENU
====================
Read Codes
Erase Codes
MIL Status
I/M Monitors
View Freeze Data
Review
Review
The Review function has three types of data:
❒ Codes
❒ I/M Monitors
❒ View Freeze Data
2.Follow Instructions on
Tool.
REVIEW MENU
====================
Codes
Codes
I/M Monitors
View Freeze Data
✓
Refer to Read Codes, I/M Readiness and View Freeze
Data for more detailed information.
Using AutoScanner ®: Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs)
3-11
Code Lookup
Code Lookup is a database of Diagnostic Trouble Code
(DTC) definitions contained in the AutoScanner ®.
✓
Use Code Lookup to look up definitions of Diagnostic
Trouble Codes (DTCs.)
✓
The AutoScanner ® requires power from vehicle or the
internal battery to perform this function.
1. Select Code Lookup.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow keys to
highlight Code
Lookup.
•Press
ENTER.
DIAGNOSTIC MENU
====================
MIL Status
I/M Monitors
View Freeze Data
Review
Code
Lookup
Code Lookup
System Setup
2.Enter Code:
P
P0000
•Enter all characters
•Change characters one
Use ▲ /▼ Arrow
Keys to Change.
at a time.
Press ENTER to
Change Next Position.
•Use
ENTER to
change to next
position.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow keys to change selected character.
3-12
Using AutoScanner ®: Diagnostic Trouble Codes
✓
The DTC Range Definition shows if the definition is
manufacturer specific. If the DTC Range Definition does not
exist, the Tool shows “No DTC Definition Found. See
Service Manual.” See Diagnostic Trouble Code section for
DTC Range Definitions.
✓
Additional Diagnostic Trouble Codes are available on the
DTC Lookup CD software.
✓
To View Previous or Next Diagnostic
Trouble Code use
UP or
DOWN arrow key.
ENTER
ERASE
✓
To enter another Diagnostic Trouble
Code, press BACK key.
ENTER
ERASE
✓
Press BACK key again to return to
DIAGNOSTIC MENU.
ENTER
ERASE
Using AutoScanner ®: Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs)
3-13
3-14
Using AutoScanner ®: Diagnostic Trouble Codes
Section 4 – System Setup / Test
System Setup
✓
System Setup allows:
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
✓
Adjustments to display contrast.
Selecting language.
Checking display pixels.
Checking keyboard operations.
Checking tools memory.
Viewing tools information.
Upgrading the tool.
System Setup settings remain even if internal battery
becomes discharged or is removed.
From DIAGNOSTIC MENU:
1.Select System Setup.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key to
highlight System
Setup.
•Press
ENTER.
System Setup / Test
DIAGNOSTIC MENU
====================
MIL Status
I/M Monitors
View Freeze Data
Review
Code Lookup
SystemSetup
Setup
System
4-1
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 4–1
Adjusting Display Contrast
From System Setup menu:
1.Select Adjust
Contrast.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key to
highlight Adjust
Contrast.
•Press
ENTER.
2.Darken or Lighten
Display Contrast.
•Use
UP arrow key
to darken Contrast.
•Use
DOWN arrow
key to lighten Contrast.
SYSTEM SETUP
====================
Adjust
Contrast
Adjust Contrast
Language Setup
Display Test
Keypad Test
Memory Test
Tool Information
ADJUST CONTRAST
====================
▲ Darken
▼ Lighten
80%
Press ENTER
When Done
3.Save Contrast Setting
•Press
ENTER
ENTER
ERASE
4.Press
4-2
Back to exit without saving or changing.
System Setup / Test
Language Setup
✓
English is the Default language.
From System Setup menu:
1.Choose Language
Setup.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key to
highlight Language
Setup.
•Press
ENTER.
2.Select Desired
Language.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key to
highlight desired
language.
SYSTEM SETUP
====================
Adjust Contrast
LanguageSetup
Setup
Language
Display Test
Keypad Test
Memory Test
Tool Information
LANGUAGE SETUP
====================
English
English
Espanol
Francais
3.Save Language Setting.
•Press
ENTER.
ENTER
ERASE
System Setup / Test
4-3
Display Test
The Display Test checks the pixels on the display.
✓
The test turns on every pixel of the LCD display
1.Select Display Test.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key to
highlight Display Test.
SYSTEM SETUP
====================
Adjust Contrast
Language Setup
DisplayTest
Test
Display
Keypad Test
[
Memory Test
Tool Information
2. Start Display Test.
•Press
ENTER.
ENTER
ERASE
3. Look for Missing Spots.
• In solid black characters.
• Screen flips through the screens shown below.
····················
····················
····················
····················
····················
····················
····················
····················
····················
4. When Done, Press
Key.
·······················
·······················
·······················
DISPLAY TEST
·······················
·······················
·······················
Press BACK† to Quit
·······················
·······················
·······················
BACK
ENTER
ERASE
4-4
System Setup / Test
Keypad Test
The Keypad Test verifies the keys are working correctly.
1.Select Keypad Test.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key to
highlight Keypad Test.
•Press
ENTER.
SYSTEM SETUP
====================
Adjust Contrast
Language Setup
Display Test
KeypadTest
Test
Keypad
[
Memory Test
Tool Information
2. Press a KEY.
• Key name or scroll direction
displays.
• The only exception is the
BACK key. When BACK key is
pressed System Setup menu
returns.
✓
If System Setup menu does not return,
not working.
System Setup / Test
ENTER
ERASE
BACK key is
4-5
Memory Test
✓
The Memory Test tests RAM, ROM and EEPROM Memory.
✓
Dots update along the bottom of the screen to show
progress of Memory Test.
✓
Run the Memory Test if the tool has trouble:
❒
❒
❒
❒
Reviewing stored data.
Displaying trouble code definitions.
Doing any function that uses internal memory.
Remembering language or contrast settings.
1.Select Memory Test.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key to
highlight Memory Test.
•Press
ENTER.
✓
Dots update along the
bottom of the screen to
show progress of Memory
Test.
❒ Memory Test may take
SYSTEM SETUP
====================
Adjust Contrast
Language Setup
Display Test
Keypad Test
MemoryTest
Test
[
Memory
Tool Information
MEMORY TEST
====================
RAM
ROM
EEPROM
PASS
Fail 1234
PASS
several minutes to
complete.
❒ Memory Test results
display.
❒ PASS displays if there are no problems.
❒ Fail displays if RAM, ROM or EEPROM fail.
❒ If tool has a memory test problem, the tool will require
service.
❒ Contact Customer Service.
2. Return to System Setup Menu.
•Press BACK.
ENTER
ERASE
4-6
System Setup / Test
Tool Information
From System Setup menu:
1.Select Tool
Information
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key to
highlight Tool
Information.
•Press
ENTER.
2.View Tool
Information.
System Setup
====================
Language Setup
Display Test
Keypad Test
Memory Test
Tool Information
Information
Tool
Program Mode
TOOL INFORMATION
====================
S/N: XXXXXXXXXX
SWID: A7B1
Press BACK to Exit
3.Write Down Tool Information.
•In space provided on inside front cover.
4.Return to System Setup Menu.
•Use BACK key.
ENTER
ERASE
System Setup / Test
4-7
Program Mode
Use Program Mode for updating and upgrading the tool. Refer
to instructions that are provided with update or upgrade.
4-8
System Setup / Test
Section 5 – Troubleshooting
Error Messages
Check the following if an error message displays:
❒ Make sure vehicle is OBD II compliant.
❒ Verify ignition key is ON and not in the ACCESSORIES
position.
❒ Make sure cable connects to vehicle’s Data Link
Connector.
❒ Look at Data Link Connector and check for cracked or
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
recessed pins, or for any substance that could prevent a
good electrical connection.
Check for bent or broken pins.
Check for blown fuses.
Make sure the vehicles control module has a good
ground.
Verify battery voltage is at least 8.0V.
Verify the control module is not defective. Refer to the
vehicle service manual to diagnose the control module.
Tool Does Not Power Up
✓
Review “Safety Precautions” before troubleshooting.
Do the following if the tool will not power up, communicate with
vehicle’s Control Module, pass Tool Self-Tests, or functions
incorrectly in any other way:
❒ Check Data Link Connector pins.
❒ Reconnect Data Link Connector.
❒ Check vehicle battery to make sure at least 8.0 volts is
present.
❒ Contact Technical Support.
Troubleshooting
5-1
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 5–1
Operating Error or Erroneous Data
An Operating Error or Erroneous Data occurs if vehicle’s
computer(s) stop(s) communicating with tool.
1.Make Selection.
•Use
UP arrow key
for YES.
•Use
DOWN arrow
key for NO.
OPERATING ERROR
====================
Check Connections
Try Again
▲ YES
✓
5-2
▼ NO
See “Error Messages” on page 5-1 for possible causes.
Troubleshooting
Appendix A – Glossary
A/C:
Air Conditioner.
A/D:
Analog to Digital.
A/F:
Air/Fuel ratio. The proportion of air and fuel delivered to the cylinder for
combustion. For example, an A/F ratio of 14:1 denotes 14 times as
much air as fuel in the mixture. Ideally the A/F ratio is 14.7:1.
ABS:
Anti-lock Brake System.
AC Clutch Relay:
The PCM uses this relay to energize the A/C clutch, turning the A/C
compressor on or off.
AC Pressure Sensor:
Measures air conditioning refrigerant pressure and sends a voltage
signal to the PCM.
AC Pressure Switch:
A mechanical switch connected to the A/C refrigerant line. The switch
is activated (sending a signal to the PCM) when the A/C refrigerant
pressure becomes too low or high.
Actuator:
Actuators such as relays, solenoids, and motors allow the PCM to
control the operation of vehicle systems.
Air Injection Reaction (AIR) System:
An emission control system operated by the PCM. During cold starts,
an air pump injects outside air into the exhaust manifold to help burn hot
exhaust gases. This reduces pollution and speeds warm-up of oxygen
sensors and catalytic converters. After the engine is warm, the air will
either be “dumped” back to the atmosphere (or into the air cleaner
assembly) or sent to the catalytic converter.
APP:
Acceleration Pedal Position (Sensor.)
ASR:
Acceleration Slip Regulation.
A-1
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• A–1
AutoScanner ®:
A device that interfaces with a vehicle to Read and Erase Diagnostic
Trouble Codes through an OBD II data link.
Bank x:
The standard way of referring to the bank of cylinders containing
cylinder #x. In-line engines have only one bank of cylinders. Most
commonly used to identify the location of oxygen sensors. See O2S,
Sensor x, Sensor x.
BARO:
Barometric Pressure Sensor. See MAP Sensor.
BBV:
Brake Boost Vacuum (Sensor.)
BCM:
Body Control Module.
Boost Control Solenoid:
A solenoid that is energized by the PCM, in order to control
turbo/supercharger boost pressure.
Brake Switch Signal:
An input signal to the PCM indicating that the brake pedal is being
pressed. This signal is typically used to disengage Cruise Control
systems and Torque Converter Clutch (TCC) solenoids. See also
TCC.
CAM:
Camshaft Position Sensor. Sends a frequency signal to the PCM in
order to synchronize fuel injector and spark plug firing.
Catalytic Converter:
Designed to reduce exhaust emissions.
CAN:
Controller Area Network.
CARB:
California Air Resources Board. Governing body for emissions control
in California.
CKP REF:
Crankshaft Position Reference.
CKP:
Crankshaft Position. See CPS.
CKT:
Circuit.
A-2
Closed Loop (CL):
A feedback system that uses the O2 Sensor(s) to monitor the results
of combustion. Based on the signal(s) from the O2 sensor(s), the PCM
modifies the air/fuel mixture to maintain optimum performance with
lowest emissions. In closed loop mode, the PCM can “fine tune” control
of a system to achieve an exact result.
CMP:
Camshaft Position Sensor.
CO:
Carbon Monoxide; odorless gas produced by incomplete combustion.
Continuous Memory Codes:
See Pending Codes.
CPS:
Crankshaft Position Sensor. Sends a frequency signal to the PCM. It
is used to reference fuel injector operation and synchronize spark plug
firing on distributorless ignition systems (DIS).
CTS:
Coolant Temperature Sensor. A resistance sensor that sends a
voltage signal to the PCM indicating the temperature of the coolant.
This signal tells the PCM whether the engine is “cold” or “warm”.
CVRTD:
Continuous Variable Real Time Damping.
D/R:
Drive/Reverse.
Data Link Connector (DLC):
Connector providing access and/or control of the vehicle information,
operating conditions, and diagnostic information. Vehicles with OBD II
use a 16-pin connector located in the passenger compartment.
Data Stream:
The actual data communications sent from the vehicle’s PCM to the
data connector.
DEPS:
Digital Engine Position Sensor.
Detonation:
See Knock.
DI/DIS:
Direct Ignition/Distributorless Ignition System. A system that produces
the ignition spark without the use of a distributor.
DPFE:
Differential Pressure Feedback – Exhaust Gas Recirculation Sensor
A-3
Drive Cycle:
Vehicle operation for a period of time so the systems can be monitored.
DTC:
Diagnostic Trouble Code. An alphanumeric identifier for a fault
condition identified by the On Board Diagnostic System.
Duty Cycle:
A term applied to signals that switch between “on” and “off”. Duty cycle
is the percentage of time the signal is “on”. For example, if the signal
is “on” only one fourth of the time, then the duty cycle is 25%. The PCM
uses duty cycle type signals to maintain precise control of an actuator.
EBCM:
Electronic Brake Control Module.
EBTCM:
Electronic Brake/Traction Control Module.
ECM
Engine Control Module or Electronic Control Module.
ECT:
Engine Coolant Temperature sensor. See CTS.
EEPROM:
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory.
EFE:
Early Fuel Evaporation.
EFI:
Electronic Fuel Injection. Any system where a computer controls fuel
delivery to the engine by using fuel injectors.
EGR:
Exhaust Gas Recirculation. The PCM uses the EGR system to
recirculate exhaust gases back into the intake manifold to reduce
emissions. EGR is used only during warm engine cruise conditions.
EOP:
Engine Oil Pressure (Switch.)
EOT
Engine Oil Temperature (Sensor.)
EPA:
Environmental Protection Agency.
ESC:
Electronic Spark Control. An ignition system function that warns the
PCM when “knock” is detected. The PCM will then retard spark timing
to eliminate the knocking condition.
A-4
EST:
Electronic Spark Timing. An ignition system that allows the PCM to
control spark advance timing. The PCM determines optimum spark
timing from sensor information — engine speed, throttle position,
coolant temperature, engine load, vehicle speed, Park/Neutral switch
position, and knock sensor condition.
EVAP:
Evaporative Emissions System.
FC:
Fan Control.
Freeze Frame:
Is a “snapshot” of the operating conditions at the time of an
emission-related fault.
FTP:
Federal Test Procedure. Strict test of vehicle’s emissions.
Ground (GND):
An electrical conductor used as a common return for an electric
circuit(s).
Hall Effect Sensor:
Any of a type of sensor utilizing a permanent magnet and a
transistorized Hall Effect switch. Hall Effect type sensors may be used
to measure speed and position of the crankshaft or camshaft — for
spark timing and fuel injector control.
HO2S:
Heated Oxygen Sensor. See O2S.
HVAC:
Heating, Ventilation & Air Conditioning (System.)
I/M:
Inspection and Maintenance. An emission control program.
IAC:
Idle Air Control. A device mounted on the throttle body which adjusts
the amount of air bypassing a closed throttle so that the PCM can
control idle speed.
IAT:
Intake Air Temperature (Sensor.)
ICM:
Ignition Control Module.
IMRC:
Intake Manifold Runner Control.
A-5
IPC:
Instrument Panel Cluster.
ISC:
Idle Speed Control. A small electric motor mounted on the throttle body
and controlled by the PCM. The PCM can control idle speed by
commanding the ISC to adjust its position.
ISO:
International Organization of Standardization also know as
International Standards Organization.
KAM:
Keep Alive Memory.
Knock Sensor (KS):
Used to detect engine detonation or “knock.” The sensor contains a
piezoelectric element and is threaded into the engine block. Special
construction makes the element sensitive only to engine vibrations
associated with detonation.
Knock:
Uncontrolled ignition of the air/fuel mixture in the cylinder. Also referred
to as detonation or ping. Knock indicates extreme cylinder pressures
or “hotspots” which are causing the air/fuel mixture to detonate
prematurely.
KOEO:
Key On — Engine Off.
KOER:
Key On — Engine Running.
LCD:
Liquid Crystal Display.
LTFT:
Long Term Fuel Trim.
M/T:
Manual transmission or manual transaxle.
MAF:
Mass Air Flow Sensor. Measures the amount and density of air
entering the engine and sends a frequency or voltage signal to the
PCM. The PCM uses this signal in its fuel delivery calculations.
MAP:
Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor. Measures intake manifold
vacuum or pressure and sends a frequency or voltage signal
(depending on sensor type) to the PCM. This gives the PCM
information on engine load for control of fuel delivery, spark advance,
and EGR flow.
A-6
MAT:
Manifold Air Temperature sensor. A resistance sensor in the intake
manifold that sends a voltage signal to the PCM indicating the
temperature of the incoming air. The PCM uses this signal for fuel
delivery calculations.
MIL:
Malfunction Indicator Lamp. “Check Engine” or “Service Engine Soon”
light are examples of what a MIL is called. A required on-board
indicator to alert the driver of an emission-related malfunction.
Misfire:
Caused by the air fuel ratio being incorrect.
Monitor:
A test performed by the on-board computer to verify proper operation
of emission related systems or components.
MPFI or MFI:
Multi-Port Fuel Injection. MPFI is a fuel injection system using one (or
more) injector(s) for each cylinder. The injectors mounted in the intake
manifold, and fired in groups rather than individually.
NOx:
Oxides of Nitrogen. The system EGR and Cam Shafts injects exhaust
gases into the intake manifold to reduce these gases at the tailpipe.
O2S:
Oxygen Sensor. Generates a voltage of 0.6 to 1.0 volts when the
exhaust gas is rich (low oxygen content). The voltage changes to 0.4
volts or less when the exhaust gas is lean (high oxygen content). This
sensor only operates after it reaches a temperature of approximately
349ºC (660ºF). O2 sensors are usually found both upstream and
downstream of the catalytic converter. The PCM uses these sensors
to fine tune the air-fuel ratio and to monitor the efficiency of the catalytic
converter. See Bank 1, Bank 2, Sensor 1, Sensor 2.
OBD II:
On-Board Diagnostics, Second Generation. OBD II is a U.S.
Government-mandated standard requiring all cars and light trucks to
have a common data connector, connector location, communication
protocol, DTCs and code definitions. OBD II first appeared on vehicles
in late 1994, and is required to be present on all cars sold in the US
after January 1, 1996.
ODM:
Output Device Monitor.
A-7
Open Loop (OL):
A control system mode that does not monitor the output to verify if the
desired achieved results. A fuel delivery system will usually operate in
open loop mode during cold engine warm-up because the oxygen
sensors are not yet ready to send a signal. Without the oxygen sensor
signal, the computer cannot check the actual results of combustion.
PCM:
Powertrain Control Module. The “brains” of the engine control system
and transmission control system housed in a metal box with a number
of sensors and actuators connected via a wiring harness. Its job is to
control fuel delivery, idle speed, spark advance timing, and emission
systems. The PCM receives information from sensors, then energizes
various actuators to control the engine. The ECM (Engine Control
Module) is another name used for the PCM.
Pending Codes:
Also referred to as Continuous Memory codes and Maturing
Diagnostic Trouble Codes. Pending Codes may be set by emission
related powertrain components and systems. If the fault does not
occur after a certain number of drive cycles, memory erases the code.
PID:
Parameter Identification. Identifies an address in memory which
contains vehicle operating information.
PNP:
Park/Neutral Position. This is a switch that tells the PCM when the gear
shift lever is in the Park or Neutral position. When in Park or Neutral,
the PCM will operate the engine in an “idle” mode.
PROM:
Programmable Read-Only Memory. The PROM contains
programming information the PCM needs to operate a specific vehicle
model/engine combination.
PSPS:
Power Steering Pressure Switch.
Purge Solenoid:
Controls the flow of fuel vapors from the carbon canister to the intake
manifold. The canister collects vapors evaporating from the fuel tank,
preventing them from escaping to the atmosphere and causing
pollution. During warm engine cruise conditions, the PCM energizes
the Purge Solenoid so the trapped vapors are drawn into the engine
and burned.
PWM:
Pulse Width Modulated.
A-8
QDM:
Quad Driver Module.
RAM:
Random Access Memory.
Relay:
An electromechanical device in which connections in one circuit are
switched.
Reluctance Sensor:
A type of sensor typically used to measure crankshaft or camshaft
Speed and/or position, driveshaft speed, and wheel speed.
ROM:
Read-Only Memory. Permanent programming information stored
inside the PCM, containing the information the PCM needs to operate
a specific vehicle model/engine combination.
RPM:
Revolutions Per Minute.
SAE:
Society of Automotive Engineers.
Scan Tool:
A device that interfaces and communicates Diagnostic Trouble Codes,
plus other valuable information for troubleshooting a vehicle through
a data link.
SDM:
Sensing and Diagnostic Module.
Sensor x:
A standard term used to identify the location of oxygen sensors.
Sensor 1 is located upstream of the catalytic converter. See O2S,
Bank 1, Bank 2.
Sensor:
Any device that reports information to the PCM. The job of the sensor
is to convert a parameter such as engine temperature into an electrical
signal that the PCM can understand.
SFI or SEFI:
Sequential Fuel Injection or Sequential Electronic Fuel Injection. A fuel
injection system that uses one or more injectors for each cylinder. The
injectors are mounted in the intake manifold and are fired individually.
Solenoid:
A device consisting of an electrical coil which when energized,
produces a magnetic field in a plunger, which is pulled to a central
position. A solenoid may be used as an actuator in a valve or switch.
A-9
STFT:
Short Term Fuel Trim.
STS:
Service Throttle Soon.
TAC:
Throttle Actuator Control.
TBI:
Throttle Body Injection. A fuel injection system having one or more
injectors mounted in a centrally located throttle body, as opposed to
positioning the injectors close to an intake valve port. Central Fuel
Injection (CFI) is another name for TBI on some vehicles.
TCC:
Torque Converter Clutch.
TCM:
Transmission Control Module.
TCS:
Traction Control System for PCM and brakes.
TDC:
Top Dead Center. When a piston is at its uppermost position in the
cylinder.
TFP:
Transmission Fluid Pressure.
TFT:
Transmission Fluid Temperature (Sensor.)
Throttle Body:
A device which performs the same function as a carburetor in a fuel
injection system. On a throttle body injection (TBI) system, the throttle
body is both the air door and the location of the fuel injectors. On port
fuel injection systems (PFI, MPFI, SFI, etc.), the throttle body is simply
an air door. Injectors receive fuel as each intake port activates. In each
case, the throttle body is attached to the accelerator pedal.
TPS:
Throttle Position Sensor. Potentiometer-type sensor connected to the
throttle shaft. Its voltage signal output increases as the throttle opens.
The PCM uses this signal to control many systems such as idle speed,
spark advance, fuel delivery, etc.
A-10
Traction Assist:
Assist in traction with brakes only.
TTS:
Transmission Temperature Sensor. A resistance sensor mounted in
the transmission housing in contact with the transmission fluid. It
sends a voltage signal to the PCM indicating the temperature of the
transmission.
VECI:
Vehicle Emission Control Information. A decal located in the engine
compartment containing information about the emission control
systems found on the vehicle. The VECI is the authoritative source for
determining whether a vehicle is OBD II compliant.
VIN:
Vehicle Identification Number. This is the factory-assigned vehicle
serial number. This number is stamped on a number of locations
throughout the vehicle, but the most prominent location is on top of the
dashboard on the driver’s side, visible from outside the car. The VIN
includes information about the car, including where it was built, body
and engine codes, options, and a sequential build number.
VSS:
Vehicle Speed Sensor. Sends a frequency signal to the PCM. The
frequency increases as the vehicle moves faster to give the PCM
vehicle speed information used to determine shift points, engine load,
and cruise control functions.
VTD:
Vehicle Theft Deterrent.
Warm-up Cycle:
Warm-up cycle is when the engine coolant temperature rises at least
40 degrees above that at engine start up.
WOT:
Wide-Open Throttle. The vehicle operating condition brought about
when the throttle is completely (or nearly) open. The PCM will typically
deliver extra fuel to the engine and de-energize the A/C compressor
at this time for acceleration purposes. The PCM uses a switch or the
Throttle Position Sensor to identify the WOT condition.
A-11
A-12
Appendix B – Global PID’s
Global PID Definitions
All global parameter identification data (PID) listed were verified on
actual vehicles to guarantee accuracy. It is possible that some newer
vehicles may contain data different from that listed. Always refer to
vehicle service manual for manufacturer specific PIDs.
Remember, always refer to a vehicle service manual for detailed
diagnostic procedures when troubleshooting PID values.
Types of Data Parameters
INPUT:
These data parameters are obtained from sensor
circuit outputs. Sensor circuit outputs are inputs
to vehicles PCM. For example, if Oxygen Sensor
circuit was generating a 400mV signal, then
AutoScanner ® would read O2S (v).40.
OUTPUT:
These data parameters are outputs or commands
that come directly from computer module(s). For
example, the ignition spark advance is controlled
by PCM, on most vehicles, monitoring this PID
shows spark output from PCM.
CALCULATED
VALUE:
These data parameters are calculated after
analyzing various inputs to the vehicles computer
module(s). For example, the engine load. The
PCM calculates this from sensor inputs and
displays in a percentage.
PCM VALUE:
Information that is stored in the computer
module(s) memory and determined to be useful
to service technician. An example of this is
TROUBLE CODE values, the DTC that caused a
freeze frame capture.
B-1
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• B–1
Global Data Parameter List:
NOTE: Several different causes can have the same parameter
indication. For information on diagnostics consult vehicle service
manuals.
NOTE: Tool will ONLY display the PID’s the vehicle supports.
Absolute Evap System Vapor Pressure
Absolute Load Value
Absolute Throttle Position X
Air Flow Rate
Alcohol Fuel Percentage
Ambient Air Temperature
Barometric Pressure
Catalyst Temp BankX SensorX
Commanded EGR
Commanded Equivalence Ratio
Commanded Evap Purge
Commanded Secondary Air Status
Commanded Throttle Actuator Control
Control Module Voltage
Coolant Temp
Distance Since Codes Cleared
Distance Since MIL Active
DTC that caused freeze frame data storage
EGR Error
Engine RPM
Equivalence ratio (Bx-Sy)
Evap Vapor Press
Evap Vapor Press
Fuel Level Input
B-2
Fuel Pressure
Fuel Rail pressure (gauge)
Fuel Rail pressure (mnfld)
Fuel System X
Ignition Timing Adv
Intake Air Temp
Load Value
Long Term Fuel Trim X
Long Term Secondary O2S Fuel Trim Bank X
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) Status
MAP Sensor
O2Sxx
Power Take Off
Relative Throttle Position
Short Term Fuel Trim (Bx-Sy)
Short Term Fuel TrimX
Short Term Secondary O2S Fuel Trim Bank X
Throttle Position
Time run by the engine while MIL is ON
Time since DTCs cleared
Time Since Engine Start
Type of fuel being utilized by the vehicle
Vehicle Speed
Warmups Since Codes Cleared
B-3
SPX Corporation Limited Warranty
THIS WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY LIMITED TO ORIGINAL RETAIL
BUYERS OF SPX ELECTRONIC DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS (“UNITS”).
SPX Units are warranted against defects in materials and workmanship for one year
(12 months) from date of delivery. This warranty does not cover any Unit that has been
abused, altered, used for a purpose other than that for which it was intended, or used in
a manner inconsistent with instructions regarding use. The sole and exclusive remedy
for any Unit found to be defective is repair or replacement, the option of SPX. In no
event shall SPX be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental or consequential
damages (including lost profit) whether based on warranty, contract, tort or any other
legal theory. The existence of a defect shall be determined by SPX in accordance with
procedures established by SPX. No one is authorized to make any statement or
representation altering the terms of this warranty.
DISCLAIMER
THE ABOVE WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ANY OTHER WARRANTY,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
SOFTWARE
Unit software is proprietary, confidential information protected under copyright
law. Users have no right in or title to Unit software other than a limited right of
use revocable by SPX. Unit software may not be transferred or disclosed
without written consent of SPX. Unit software may not be copied except in
ordinary backup procedures.
ORDER INFORMATION
Order replacement and optional parts directly from your SPX authorized tool
supplier. Include the quantity, part number, and item description.
Technical Service
If you have any questions about the operation of the product, call (800) 228-7667.
Repair
When sending your SPX electronic product in for repair, include the following:
• contact name
• telephone number
• description of the problem
• proof-of-purchase for warranty repairs
• preferred method of payment for non-warranty repairs
For non-warranty repairs, please call Tech Support at (800) 228-7667. You will
be advised of the cost of repair and any freight charges.
Send the unit to:
SPX Service Solutions
15825 Industrial Parkway
Cleveland Ohio 44135
Attn.: Repair
Technical Service
If you have any questions about the operation of the product, call (800) 228-7667.
© 2005 SPX Corporation
All Rights Reserved
Todos los derechos reservados.
Tous droits réservés.
Engineered and Assembled In USA
Diseñado y montado en los E. U. de A.
Conçu et assemblé aux USA
0002-001-2826
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