2000 Pontiac Montana Owners Manual

2000 Pontiac Montana Owners Manual
Bumper-to-Bumper
3-years/36,000 miles (60 000 km)
Limited Warranty
Every
2000
Montana under
warranty is backed
with the following
services:
1-800-762-3743
( For vehicles purchased in Canada,
call 1-800-268-6800)
that provides in an emergency:
Courtesy
Transportation
Free lockout assistance
Free dead-battery assistance
Free out-of-fuel assistance
Free flat-tire change
Emergency towing
2000 Pontiac Montana
Owner's Manual
Litho in U.S.A.
Part Number 10423671 A First Edition
© Copyright General Motors Corporation 1999
All Rights Reserved
i
Table of Contents
Seats and Restraint Systems
Section 1
Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts
Air Bag Systems
Child Restraints
Features and Controls
Section 2
ii
Keys and Door Locks
Keyless Entry System (Option)
Automatic Transaxle
Parking Brake
Windows
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Windshield Wipers
Cruise Control (Option)
Interior and Exterior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
Convenience Net (Option)
Accessory Power Outlets
OnStar® System (If Equipped)
Instrument Panel, Warning Lights and Gages
Driver Information Center (Option)
Table of Contents (cont'd)
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
Section 3
Heating and Air Conditioning
Setting the Radio Clock
Radio/Cassette Player/CD Player
Radio Theft-Deterrent Feature
Steering Wheel Controls (If Equipped)
Your Driving and the Road
Section 4
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Steering
Driving Tips for Various Road Conditions
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
Problems on the Road
Section 5
Hazard Warning Flashers
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
Changing a Flat Tire
If You're Stuck
iii
Table of Contents (cont'd)
Service and Appearance Care
Section 6
Fuel
Checking Fluids and Lubricants
GM Oil Life System™
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
Brakes
Bulb Replacement
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires and Wheels
Appearance Care
Electrical System/Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Capacities and Specifications
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Maintenance Schedule
Section 7
iv
Scheduled Maintenance
Owners Checks and Services
Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Maintenance Records
Table of Contents (cont'd)
Customer Assistance Information
Section 8
Customer Satisfaction Procedures
Customer Assistance Offices
Roadside Assistance and Courtesy Transportation
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects on page 8-12
Service Publications
Index
Section 9
In the Index you will find an alphabetical listing of almost every subject in this manual.
You can use it to quickly find something you want to read.
Please refer to the last page of this manual for your Service Station Guide
v
We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
PONTIAC, the PONTIAC Emblem and the name
MONTANA are registered trademarks of General
Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time
it was printed. We reserve the right to make changes in
the product after that time without further notice.
For vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” for Pontiac
Division whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the new
owner can use it.
vi
For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propriétaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en français chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
DGN Marketing Services Ltd.
1577 Meyerside Dr.
Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1B9
How to Use this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you
do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find
that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you or
others could be hurt.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
vii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can
damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would
not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly.
But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid
the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see CAUTION
and NOTICE warnings in different colors or in
different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
viii
Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you may find on your vehicle.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
BATTERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
These symbols
have to do with
your lamps:
MASTER
LIGHTING
SWITCH
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
TURN
SIGNALS
WINDSHIELD
WASHER
PARKING
LAMPS
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
POWER
WINDOW
AIR BAG
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
HAZARD
WARNING
FLASHER
DAYTIME
RUNNING
LAMPS
FOG LAMPS
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
REAR
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
VENTILATING
FAN
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
ENGINE
COOLANT
TEMP
FUSE
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
LIGHTER
HORN
BRAKE
COOLANT
SPEAKER
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
FUEL
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
ix
Service Station Guide
Battery
See Section 6
For
a More
Detailed Look at
What's Under the Hood
Windshield Washer
Fluid
Tire Pressure
See Section 6
See Section 6
Spare Tire Pressure
See Section 5
See Section 6
Engine Oil Dipstick
See Section 6
Oil Viscosity
Engine Oil
See Section 6
Secondary
Hood Release
Cooling System
See Section 6
See Section 5
Hood Release
See Section 6
Fuel
Use unleaded gas only,
87 Octane or higher.
See Section 6
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your vehicle and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also
learn about some things you should not do with air bags and safety belts.
1-2
1-6
1-23
1-28
1-29
1-29
1-37
1-38
1-39
1-46
1-46
Seats and Seat Controls
Rear Seats
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
Here Are Questions Many People Ask About
Safety Belts -- and the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Supplemental Restraint Systems (SRS)
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Rear Seat Passengers
1-50
1-53
1-54
1-56
1-59
1-70
1-87
1-90
1-90
1-91
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Center Passenger Position (Bench Seat)
Center Passenger Position (Bucket Seat)
Children
Built-in Child Restraint (Option)
Child Restraints
Larger Children
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
1-
1-1
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the seats -- how to adjust them,
take them out, put them back in, fold and unfold them.
Driver’s 4-Way Manual Seat
To raise the seat, pull up on the lever located on the front
right side of the seat. To lower the seat, push the lever down.
CAUTION:
Use the lever located on the front left side of the seat to
adjust the seat forward or rearward. Pull up the lever on
the front of the seat to unlock it. Slide the seat to where
you want it.
To make sure the seat is locked into place, release the
lever and try to move the seat with your body.
1-2
You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle is
moving. The sudden movement could startle and
confuse you, or make you push a pedal when you
don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only when
the vehicle is not moving.
Manual Front Passenger Seats
6-Way Power Seat (Option)
To move the seat, pull up
the lever located on the
front of the seat to unlock it.
Slide the seat to where you want it. To make sure the
seat is locked into place, release the lever and try to
move the seat with your body.
To adjust the six-way power seat located on the outboard
sides of both the driver’s and passenger’s seats:
Front Control (A): Raise the front of the seat by
holding the switch up. Hold the switch down to lower
the front of the seat.
Center Control (B): Move the seat forward or rearward
by holding the control to the front or rear. Raise or lower
the seat by holding the control up or down.
Rear Control (C): Raise the rear of the seat by holding
the switch up. Hold the switch down to lower the rear of
the seat.
1-3
Heated Front Seats (Option)
The heated seat switch is
located in the instrument
panel switchbank.
This feature will quickly heat the lower cushions and
lower back of the driver’s and front passenger’s seats for
added comfort. The left switch is for the driver’s seat
and the right switch is for the front passenger’s seat.
Press the top of the switch to turn the heater on. The
indicator light on the switch will glow. Press the bottom
of the switch to turn the heater off. The heated seat
switch will turn off when the ignition is turned to OFF
and will resume operation when the ignition is turned to
RUN, unless the switch is manually turned off.
1-4
Reclining Front Seatbacks
All front seats recline.
To adjust the seatback,
turn this knob located on
the inboard sides of both
the driver’s and passenger’s
seats. It is easier to recline
the seat if you lean forward,
taking your weight off
the seatback.
CAUTION:
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is
in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle
up, your safety belts can’t do their job when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job because it
won’t be against your body. Instead, it will be
in front of you. In a crash you could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety
belt properly.
1-5
Head Restraints
Slide the head restraint up or down so that the top of the
restraint is closest to the top of your ears. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
Rear Seats
Seat Controls
The rear seats in your vehicle have levers and straps
used to adjust, remove and reinstall the seats. By using
the levers and straps, in the correct order, you can easily
remove the seats from your vehicle.
Floor Seat Pin Diagram
When you put the seats back in the vehicle, be sure to follow
the label on the back of the seat for proper location. Follow
the diagram above when the text in this manual tells you
what sets of floor cups to use for each seat.
1-6
Second Row Safety Belt Stowage
Flip and Fold Feature
If your vehicle has seats in the third row, there is a
sleeve on the second row outside safety belt to store the
safety belt while entering and exiting the third row of
the vehicle.
The rear seats in your vehicle, except the captain’s
chairs, can be folded forward. Use this feature for
exiting and entering third row seats.
If your vehicle has a split bench seat in the second row,
follow this procedure:
1. Pull the belt out and slide the sleeve along the belt
until it reaches the patch of VelcroR on the headliner.
2. Press the sleeve against the Velcro patch to secure
it in place.
1. If the seats have the adjustable head restraints, push
them fully down.
2. Fold the seatback flat on the seat, by either pulling
on the nylon strap on the rear of the seat or lifting up
on the lever located on the front of the seatback.
If the seat adjusts, slide it all the way back.
3. Use the clip on the safety belt to secure the belt
after it is disconnected from the mini-buckle.
When removing the split second row bench seat,
secure the loose end of the safety belt in this clip.
This will keep the safety belt from dangling and
possibly striking something.
Do not have the second row outside safety belt stored if
someone is sitting in the second row outside position.
To release the second row outside safety belt, just pull
the sleeve away from the Velcro patch and use the
safety belt as usual. The sleeve should slide freely when
not in use.
3. Release the rear set of hooks from the floor pins by
pulling the nylon strap located at the base of the seat;
hang on to the strap as the seat folds forward.
4. Return the seat(s) to the normal position.
1-7
Split Bench Seats
If you have the split bench seat (50/50 or 40/60),
the seatbacks can be folded down individually and the
sections can be removed individually. The sections can
also be adjusted forward or rearward individually.
To raise a seatback, pull the nylon strap while raising the
seatback until it locks upright.
To fold down the seatback,
lift up on this lever located
on the front of the seatback.
The second row (40/60) split bench may be equipped
with a built-in child restraint. See “Built-In Child
Restraint” in the Index.
Folding or Reclining the Seatbacks
The seatbacks on each section of the split bench seat
can be either folded down or reclined. The following
explains how to use either the nylon strap or the lever
to fold or recline the seatbacks.
To fold down the seatback,
pull this nylon strap on
the rear of the seat, while
pulling the seatback down
until it locks into place.
1-8
Use the lever to raise or lower the seatback to the
desired position.
When raising or reclining a seatback to an upright
position, push and pull on the seatback to check that
it is locked upright.
Adjusting the Split Bench Seats
There are two adjustment levers on each section of the
split bench seats to adjust the seat forward or rearward.
The other lever is located
on the rear of the seat.
Lift up either lever and slide the seat forward to allow
for extra storage behind the seat, or slide the seat back
to allow extra room for passengers.
Release the lever. Push and pull on the seat to be sure it
is locked into place.
One is located below the center, in the front of each
section of the split bench.
1-9
Removing the Split Bench Seat
Make sure the seatback is in the upright position.
4. Slide the seat all the way back by lifting either one of
the adjustment bars and sliding the seat fully rearward.
1. For the second row split bench, with the seatback in
the upright position, unhook the side attachment for
the safety belt. This mini-buckle is located on the
right side of the seat.
2. Push the red center
of the buckle up
with a small pointed
object -- like a key or
a pen to remove the
seat belt, if needed.
3. Lift the seatback recliner lever or pull the nylon strap
on the back of the seat to fold the seatback forward.
5. From behind the bench seat, pull the nylon strap at
the center of the base of the seat to release the rear
latches from the floor pins.
Do not let go of the straps until the seat is folded all
the way forward.
1-10
Replacing the Split Bench Sections
Make sure the seatback is in the upright position and the
safety belts are on the correct section of the seat.
Don’t put the sections of the bench seat in so they face
rearward because they won’t latch that way. If you want
more storage room behind the seat, adjust each section
by sliding it forward.
The split benches have seat position labels, located on
the back of each seat, showing where the seat must go.
Follow that diagram.
D The left (40) section of the 40/60 split bench uses
the A and B sets of floor cups.
6. To unlatch the front latches, squeeze the angled latch
release bar toward the straight crossbar.
7. Remove the seat by rocking it slightly toward the
rear of the vehicle and then pulling it out.
Repeat these steps for the other section of the split
bench seat.
D The right (60) section of the 40/60 split bench uses
the C and D sets of floor cups.
D The left section of the 50/50 split bench uses the
G and H sets of floor cups.
D The right section of the 50/50 split bench uses the
I and J sets of floor cups.
See “Seat Controls” in the beginning of this section
for more details. The seat must be placed in the proper
location for the legs to attach correctly.
1-11
Make sure the seat is in the full rear position before
beginning this procedure.
2. Make sure the bench seat is angled so that the front
hooks clear the floor pins. If the front legs are not
attached correctly, the rear legs will not attach to the
rear set of floor pins.
1. Squeeze the angled bar toward the solid crossbar
while placing the front hooks of the bench seat onto
the front two floor pins.
1-12
CAUTION:
A seat that isn’t locked into place properly can
move around in a collision or sudden stop. People
in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure to lock
the seat into place properly when installing it.
5. Lift the seatback recliner lever or pull the nylon strap
on the back of the seat and raise the seatback until it
locks upright.
If the front latches are not attaching correctly, check
that the seat is in the full rear position.
3. Firmly push the rear hooks onto the rear floor pins
by pushing down on the rear of the seat.
4. Try to raise the seat to check that it is locked down.
6. Push and pull on the seatback to check that it
is locked.
CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move forward
in a sudden stop or crash. That could cause injury
to the person sitting there. Always press rearward
on the seatback to be sure it is locked.
1-13
7. Attach the mini-buckle so that the safety belt is
ready for use when a passenger uses the seat.
The buckle reattaches by pushing the latch into the
buckle until the red center pops out again.
Repeat these steps for the other section of the split
bench seat.
CAUTION:
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
properly attached, or twisted won’t provide the
protection needed in a crash. The person wearing
the belt could be seriously injured. After installing
the seat, always check to be sure that the safety
belts are properly routed and attached, and are
not twisted.
1-14
Bucket Seats
There are three types of rear bucket seats: RIGHT
ONLY, CENTER OR LEFT and LEFT ONLY.
The RIGHT ONLY seat may be equipped with the
built-in child restraint option.
The rear bucket seats can be removed to provide extra
storage. Each seat that has the built-in child restraint
option fits in only one location in your vehicle, but seats
that don’t have the built-in child restraint option can be
moved to different rows.
Folding or Reclining the Seatbacks
The seatback on a bucket seat can be either folded down
or reclined. The following explains how to use either the
nylon strap or the lever to fold or recline the seatback.
To fold down the seatback,
pull this nylon strap on the
rear of the seat.
To raise a seatback, pull the nylon strap while raising the
seatback until it locks upright.
To fold down the
seatback, lift up on this
lever located on the
front of the seatback.
Adjusting the Bucket Seats
There are two adjustment levers on each seat to adjust
the seat forward or rearward.
Use the lever to raise or lower the seatback to the
desired position.
When raising or reclining a seatback to an upright
position, push and pull on the seatback to check that
it is locked upright.
One is located below the center, in front of the bucket seat.
1-15
The other lever is located on
the rear of the bucket seat.
Removing the Bucket Seats
Make sure the seatback is in the upright position.
The head restraints should be fully down.
1. Lift the seatback recliner lever or pull the nylon strap
on the back of the seat to fold the seatback forward.
2. Slide the seat all the way back by lifting either one of
the adjuster levers and sliding the seat fully rearward.
Lift up either lever and slide the seat forward to allow
for extra storage behind the seat, or slide the seat back
to allow extra room for passengers.
Release the lever. Push and pull on the seat to be sure
it is locked into place.
3. From behind the seat, pull the nylon strap at the base of
the seat to release the rear latches from the floor pins.
1-16
You can also lift the lever on the side of the seat to
release the rear latches from the floor pins.
Do not let go of the straps or lever until the seat is
folded all the way forward.
4. To unlatch the front latches, with the seat folded
forward, squeeze the angled latch release bar toward
the straight crossbar.
5. Remove the seat by rocking it slightly toward the
rear of the vehicle and then pulling it out. This
should be done in one motion.
1-17
Replacing the Bucket Seats
Don’t put the seats in so they face rearward because they
won’t latch that way. If you want more storage room
behind the seat, adjust the seat by sliding it forward.
The bucket seats have seat position labels, located on
the back of the seat, showing where the seat must go.
Follow that diagram. See “Seat Controls” in the
beginning of this section for more details. The seat
must be placed in the proper location for the legs to
attach correctly.
Make sure the seat is in the full rear position before
beginning this procedure.
1. With the seat folded, squeeze the angled bar toward
the solid crossbar while placing the front hooks of
the bucket seat onto the front two floor pins.
RIGHT ONLY seats that don’t have the built-in child
restraint option fit only in the right location of either
row, the E and F or I and J sets of floor cups.
The CENTER OR LEFT seat fits in the center location
or in either left location, the A and B, C and D or
G and H sets of floor cups.
RIGHT ONLY seats that have the built-in child restraint
option fit only in the right location of the second row,
the E and F sets of floor cups.
1-18
2. Make sure the bucket seat is angled so that the front
hooks clear the floor pins. If the front legs are not
attached correctly, the rear legs will not attach to the
rear set of floor pins.
CAUTION:
A seat that isn’t locked into place properly can
move around in a collision or sudden stop. People
in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure to lock
the seat into place properly when installing it.
4. Try to raise the seat to check that it is locked down.
5. Lift the seatback recliner lever or pull the nylon strap
on the back of the seat and raise the seatback until it
locks upright.
If the front latches are not attaching correctly, check
that the seat is in the full rear position.
3. Firmly push the rear hooks onto the rear floor pins
by pushing down on the rear of the seat.
6. Push and pull on the seatback to check that it is
locked in place.
CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move forward
in a sudden stop or crash. That could cause injury
to the person sitting there. Always press rearward
on the seatback to be sure it is locked.
1-19
Captain’s Chairs
The seatbacks on the second
row captain chairs fold
forward to put items behind
the left anf right seats.
The captain’s chairs adjust like the manual front
passenger seats.
The seatback can be
reclined or raised by
turning the knob located
on the inboard side of
the seat.
Lift the lever and fold
the seatback forward.
The seatback will lock into place when you push it back
to the upright position.
It is easier to raise or lower the seatback if you lean
forward and take the weight off the seatback.
The armrests can be lowered or raised for entering or
exiting the vehicle.
The seatback lever will not lift and fold if the seatback
is at an 88_ angle or less.
CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move forward
in a sudden stop or crash. That could cause injury
to the person sitting there. Always press rearward
on the seatback to be sure it is locked.
1-20
Removing the Captain’s Chairs
1. Pull the nylon strap behind the chair to release the
rear hooks from the floor pins.
2. The seat can then be lifted off the front floor pins
and removed from the vehicle.
1-21
Replacing the Captain’s Chairs
The left chair goes in the A and C sets of floor pins.
The right chair goes in the D and F sets of floor pins.
2. Push the rear of the seat down to lock the rear
latches onto the rear set of floor pins.
3. Push and pull on the seat to be sure it is
properly attached.
1. Hook the front latches over the front floor pins.
1-22
CAUTION:
A seat that isn’t locked into place properly can
move around in a collision or sudden stop. People
in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure to lock
the seat into place properly when installing it.
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS), or air bag system.
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move forward
in a sudden stop or crash. That could cause injury
to the person sitting there. Always press rearward
on the seatback to be sure it is locked.
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t wear
a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearing a safety belt, your injuries
can be much worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash, you might
not be if you are buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properly too.
1-23
CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area,
inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision,
people riding in these areas are more likely to be
seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people
to ride in any area of your vehicle that is not
equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using
a safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a reminder
to buckle up. (See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light” in
the Index.)
In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have
a crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
1-24
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as it goes.
Put someone on it.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat on wheels.
1-25
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
1-26
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
or the instrument panel ...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
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Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater
if you are belted.
Q:
If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have
to wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will
be in most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
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Q:
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you
and your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different rules
for smaller children and babies. If a child will be riding
in your vehicle, see the part of this manual called
“Children.” Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
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Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.
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The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should
go over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts
of the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is right for you.
To move it down, push down on the button and move
the height adjuster to the desired position. You can move
the adjuster up just by pushing up on the shoulder belt
guide. After you move the adjuster to where you want it,
try to move it down without pushing the button down to
make sure it has locked into position.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the
belt is centered on your shoulder. The belt should be
away from your face and neck, but not falling off
your shoulder.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward too
much, which could increase injury. The shoulder
belt should fit against your body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is buckled
in the wrong place like this. In a crash, the belt
would go up over your abdomen. The belt forces
would be there, not at the pelvic bones. This could
cause serious internal injuries. Always buckle your
belt into the buckle nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt goes
over an armrest like this. The belt would be much
too high. In a crash, you can slide under the belt.
The belt force would then be applied at the
abdomen, not at the pelvic bones, and that could
cause serious or fatal injuries. Be sure the belt
goes under the armrests.
A:
The belt is over an armrest.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder bones.
You could also severely injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt.
In a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width
of the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is
twisted, make it straight so it can work properly,
or ask your dealer to fix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
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Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
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The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s
more likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash.
For pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to
making safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s
safety belt properly, see “Driver Position” earlier
in this section.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt -- except for two things.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the latch
plate and keep pulling until you can buckle the belt.
On some vehicles, if you pull the shoulder portion of the
belt out all the way, you will engage the child restraint
locking feature. If this happens, just let the belt go back
all the way and start again.
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Supplemental Restraint Systems (SRS)
This part explains the frontal and side impact Supplemental
Restraint Systems (SRS) or air bag systems.
Your vehicle has four air bags -- a frontal air bag for
the driver, another frontal air bag for the right front
passenger, a side impact air bag for the driver, and
another side impact air bag for the right front passenger.
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk
of injury from the force of an inflating frontal air bag.
But these air bags must inflate very quickly to do their
job and comply with federal regulations.
Here are the most important things to know about the
air bag systems:
CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt -- even if you
have air bags. Wearing your safety belt during
a crash helps reduce your chance of hitting
things inside the vehicle or being ejected from it.
CAUTION: (Continued)
CAUTION: (Continued)
Air bags are “supplemental restraints” to the
safety belts. All air bags are designed to work
with safety belts but don’t replace them.
Frontal air bags for the driver and right front
passenger are designed to work only in moderate
to severe crashes where the front of your vehicle
hits something. They aren’t designed to inflate
at all in rollover, rear, side or low-speed frontal
crashes. And, for unrestrained occupants,
frontal air bags may provide less protection in
frontal crashes than more forceful air bags have
provided in the past. The side impact air bags
for the driver and right front passenger are
designed to inflate only in moderate to severe
crashes where something hits the side of your
vehicle. They aren’t designed to inflate in
frontal, in rollover or in rear crashes.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety
belt properly -- whether or not there’s an
air bag for that person.
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CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact air bags inflate
with great force, faster than the blink of an eye.
If you’re too close to an inflating air bag, as you
would be if you were leaning forward, it could
seriously injure you. Safety belts help keep you in
position for air bag inflation before and during a
crash. Always wear your safety belt, even with
frontal air bags. The driver should sit as far back
as possible while still maintaining control of the
vehicle. Front occupants should not lean on or
sleep against the door.
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CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
the best protection for adults, but not for young
children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety
belt system nor its air bag system is designed
for them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can
provide. Always secure children properly in your
vehicle. To read how, see the part of this manual
called “Children.”
There is an air bag readiness
light on the instrument
panel, which shows an
air bag symbol.
How the Air Bag Systems Work
Where are the air bags?
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
The driver’s frontal air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
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The right front passenger’s frontal air bag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
The driver’s side impact air bag is in the side of the
driver’s seatback closest to the door.
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The right front passenger’s side impact air bag is in the
side of the passenger’s seatback closest to the door.
CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an air
bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person. The path
of an inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t
put anything between an occupant and an air
bag, and don’t attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other air
bag covering and don’t let seat covers block the
inflation path of a side impact air bag.
When should an air bag inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal crashes. The frontal air bags are designed
to inflate only if the impact speed is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.” If your vehicle goes straight
into a wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold
level is about 12 to 19 mph (19 to 31 km/h).
The threshold level can vary, however, with specific
vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat above or
below this range. If your vehicle strikes something
that will move or deform, such as a parked car, the
threshold level will be higher. The driver’s and right
front passenger’s frontal air bags are not designed
to inflate in rollovers, side impacts, or rear impacts,
because inflation would not help the occupant.
The side impact air bags are designed to inflate in
moderate to severe side crashes. A side impact air bag
will inflate if the crash severity is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.” The threshold level can
vary with specific vehicle design. Side impact air bags
are not designed to inflate in frontal or near-frontal
impacts, rollovers or rear impacts, because inflation
would not help the occupant. A side impact air bag
will only deploy on the side of the vehicle that is struck.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
For frontal air bags, inflation is determined by the angle
of the impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down
in frontal and near-frontal impacts. For side impact air
bags, inflation is determined by the location and severity
of the impact.
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What makes an air bag inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For both
frontal and side impact air bags, the sensing system
triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which inflates
the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related hardware
are all part of the air bag modules inside the steering
wheel, instrument panel and the side of the front
seatbacks closest to the door.
many types of collisions, including frontal or near
frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts, primarily
because an occupant’s motion is not toward those air
bags. Air bags should never be regarded as anything
more than a supplement to safety belts, and then only in
moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions for
the driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags,
and only in moderate to severe side collisions for the
driver’s and right front passenger’s side impact air bags.
How does an air bag restrain?
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel
or the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The air bag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body,
stopping the occupant more gradually. But the frontal
air bags would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rollovers, rear impacts, and side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
the air bag. Side impact air bags would not help you in
After an air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some components of the air bag module -- the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, the instrument
panel for the right front passenger’s bag, the side of the
seatback closest to the door for the driver and right front
passenger’s side impact air bags -- will be hot for a short
time. The parts of the bag that come into contact with
you may be warm, but not too hot to touch. There will
be some smoke and dust coming from the vents in the
deflated air bags. Air bag inflation doesn’t prevent the
driver from seeing or being able to steer the vehicle, nor
does it stop people from leaving the vehicle.
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D Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so.
If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or a door.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from
the right front passenger air bag.
D Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After an
air bag inflates, you’ll need some new parts for your
air bag system. If you don’t get them, the air bag
system won’t be there to help protect you in another
crash. A new system will include air bag modules
and possibly other parts. The service manual for
your vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
D
diagnostic module, which records information about
the frontal air bag system. The module records
information about the readiness of the system, when
the system commands air bag inflation and driver’s
safety belt usage at deployment. Some modules also
record speed, engine rpm, brake and throttle data.
Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
systems. Improper service can mean that an air
bag system won’t work properly. See your dealer
for service.
NOTICE:
If you damage the covering for the driver’s or
the right front passenger’s air bag, or the
air bag covering on the driver’s and right front
passenger’s seatback, the bag may not work
properly. You may have to replace the air bag
module in the steering wheel, both the air bag
module and the instrument panel for the right
front passenger’s air bag, or both the air bag
module and seatback for the driver’s and
right front passenger’s side impact air bag.
Do not open or break the air bag coverings.
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Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag systems in several places
around your vehicle. Your dealer and the service manual
have information about servicing your vehicle and the
air bag systems. To purchase a service manual, see
“Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners. You’ll find
them on the buckle end of the safety belts for the
driver and right front passenger. They help the safety
belts reduce a person’s forward movement in a
moderate to severe crash in which the front of the
vehicle hits something.
CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an
air bag can still inflate during improper service.
You can be injured if you are close to an air bag
when it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors. They
are probably part of the air bag systems. Be sure
to follow proper service procedures, and make
sure the person performing work for you is
qualified to do so.
The air bag systems do not need regular maintenance.
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Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a crash,
you’ll need to get new ones, and probably other new
parts for your safety belt system. See “Replacing
Restraint System Parts After a Crash” in the Index.
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
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Second Row Outside Passenger Positions
Third Row Outside Passenger Positions
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
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On some vehicles, when the shoulder belt is pulled
out all the way, it will lock. If it does, let it go back
all the way and start again. If the belt is not long
enough, see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of
this section. Make sure the release button on the
buckle is positioned so you would be able to
unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should
go over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts
of the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
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CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Your vehicle may have rear shoulder belt comfort
guides. This feature will provide added safety belt
comfort for children who have outgrown child restraints
and for small adults. When installed on a shoulder belt,
the comfort guide pulls the belt away from the neck
and head.
If your vehicle has bucket seats in the second row,
there is one guide for each outside passenger position.
If your vehicle has a bench seat in the second row, there
is one guide for the left-hand outside passenger position.
To provide added safety belt comfort for children who
have outgrown child restraints and for smaller adults,
the comfort guides may be installed on the shoulder
belts. Here’s how to install a comfort guide and use
the safety belt:
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
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1. Remove the guide from its storage clip on the side of
the seatback.
2. Place the guide over the belt and insert the two edges
of the belt into the slots of the guide.
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3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The guide must be on top of the belt.
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in “Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions”
earlier in this section. Make sure that the shoulder
belt crosses the shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges together so that you can take them out from
the guides. Slide the guide onto the storage clip.
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Center Passenger Position
(Bench Seat)
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a third row rear bench seat, someone
can sit in the center position.
When you sit in the center position of the bench seat,
you have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor.
To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it
along the belt.
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Center Passenger Position
(Bucket Seat)
Lap Belt
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until
the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
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If your vehicle has bucket seats, someone can sit in the
center position bucket seat.
When you sit in the center position bucket seat, you
have a lap safety belt which has a retractor.
4. Position and release it the same way as the lap part
of a lap-shoulder belt.
1. Pick up the latch plate and, in a single motion,
pull the belt across you. Don’t let it get twisted.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure
the release button on the buckle is positioned so
you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt
quickly if you ever had to.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, let it
go back all the way and start again. Pull up on the
latch plate to make sure it is secure.
3. Feed the lap belt into the retractor to tighten it.
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Children
The center position bucket seat is a CENTER OR LEFT
type seat. Because it is the only bucket seat with a lap
belt, and has a buckle on only one side, there are certain
places a CENTER OR LEFT type bucket seat should,
and should not, be used. See “Seats” in the Index.
If the CENTER OR LEFT bucket seat is used on the
left side of the vehicle, the person sitting there should
use the lap-shoulder belt. See “Rear Seat Outside
Passenger Positions” in the Index.
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Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes
infants and all children smaller than adult size. Neither
the distance traveled nor the age and size of the traveler
changes the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints.
In fact, the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some age
must be restrained while in a vehicle.
Smaller Children and Babies
CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
the best protection for adults, but not for young
children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety
belt system nor its air bag system is designed
for them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can provide.
Always secure children properly in your vehicle.
CAUTION:
Smaller children and babies should always be
restrained in a child or infant restraint. The
instructions for the restraint will say whether
it is the right type and size for your child.
A very young child’s hip bones are so small that
a regular belt might not stay low on the hips,
as it should. Instead, the belt will likely be over
the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would
apply force right on the child’s abdomen, which
could cause serious or fatal injuries. So, be sure
that any child small enough for one is always
properly restrained in a child or infant restraint.
Infants need complete support, including support for
the head and neck. This is necessary because an infant’s
neck is weak and its head weighs so much compared
with the rest of its body. In a frontal crash, an infant in
a rear-facing restraint settles into the restraint, so the
crash forces can be distributed across the strongest part
of the infant’s body, the back and shoulders. A baby
should be secured in an appropriate infant restraint.
This is so important that many hospitals today won’t
release a newborn infant to its parents unless there is
an infant restraint available for the baby’s first trip in a
motor vehicle.
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CAUTION: (Continued)
at only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby
will suddenly become a 240-lb. (110 kg) force on
your arms. The baby would be almost impossible
to hold.
Secure the baby in an infant restraint.
CAUTION:
Never hold a baby in your arms while riding in
a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh much -- until a
crash. During a crash a baby will become so
heavy you can’t hold it. For example, in a crash
CAUTION: (Continued)
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Built-in Child Restraint (Option)
60/40 Bench Seat
Bucket Seat
If your vehicle has this option in a bucket seat, each
bucket seat that has the built-in child restraint fits in
only one location in your vehicle. To find out where a
bucket seat that has a built-in child restraint must be
located in your vehicle, see “Removable Rear Bucket
Seats” in the Index. If your vehicle has this option in
a 60/40 bench seat, this bench seat will only fit in the
second row of your vehicle. In both types of seats,
the built-in child restraint works the same way.
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This child restraint system conforms to all applicable
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
Each child restraint is designed for use only by children
who weigh between 22 and 40 pounds (10 and 18 kg)
and whose height is between 33.5 and 40 inches
(850 and 1 016 mm) and who are capable of sitting
upright alone.
The child should also be at least one year old. It is
important to use a rear-facing infant restraint until the
child is about a year old. A rear-facing restraint gives
the infant’s head, neck and body the support they would
need in a crash. See “Child Restraints” later in this
section for more information.
Q:
What if the top of my child’s shoulders is above
the shoulder belt slots for the five-point child
restraint harness system?
A:
A child whose shoulders are above the shoulder
belt slots for the five-point child restraint harness
system shouldn’t use this child restraint. Instead,
the child should sit on the vehicle’s regular seat
cushion and use the vehicle’s adult safety belts.
CAUTION:
BEFORE YOU USE THIS CHILD RESTRAINT,
BE SURE THE TOP OF THE CHILD’S
SHOULDERS IS BELOW THE SLOTS THAT
THE HARNESS GOES THROUGH. A CHILD
WHOSE SHOULDERS ARE ABOVE THOSE
SLOTS COULD BE INJURED DURING A
SUDDEN STOP OR CRASH. IF THE TOP OF
THE CHILD’S SHOULDERS IS ABOVE THE
SLOTS, DON’T USE THIS CHILD RESTRAINT
WHILE THE VEHICLE IS IN MOTION.
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Securing a Child in the Built-In
Child Restraint
1. Raise the head restraint until the lower edge of the
head restraint is even with the top of the seatback.
2. Rotate the head restraint rearward until it touches
the top of the seatback. Make sure there is no gap
between the lower edge of the head restraint and the
top of the seatback.
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3. Lower the child restraint cushion.
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You’ll be using the child restraint’s harness (A) to
secure your child. Don’t use the vehicle’s safety belts.
CAUTION:
Using the vehicle’s regular safety belts on a child
seated on the child restraint cushion can cause
serious injury to the child in a sudden stop or
crash. If a child is the proper size for the built-in
child restraint, secure the child using the child
restraint’s harness. But children who are too
large for the built-in child restraint should sit on
the vehicle’s regular seat and use the vehicle’s
adult safety belts.
WARNING! FAILURE TO FOLLOW THE
MANUFACTURER’S INSTRUCTIONS ON THE
USE OF THIS CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEM
CAN RESULT IN YOUR CHILD STRIKING THE
VEHICLE’S INTERIOR DURING A SUDDEN
STOP OR CRASH. SNUGLY ADJUST THE
BELTS PROVIDED WITH THIS CHILD
RESTRAINT AROUND YOUR CHILD.
4. Before placing the child in the child restraint, add
slack to the shoulder harness. Pull the black shoulder
harness release strap firmly. At the same time pull
both shoulder harness straps through the slots in the
seatback as shown.
5. Place the child on the child restraint cushion.
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8. Place the other side of the harness over the
child’s shoulder.
9. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
6. Select only one side of the harness. Place the harness
over the child’s shoulder.
7. Push the latch plate (B) into the buckle until it clicks.
Be sure the buckle is free of any foreign objects
that may prevent you from securing the latch plates.
If you can’t secure a latch plate, see your dealer for
service before using the child restraint.
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10. Pull up on both latch plates to make sure they
are secure.
CAUTION:
An unfastened shoulder harness clip won’t help
keep the harness in place on the child’s shoulders.
If the harness isn’t on the child’s shoulders, it
won’t be able to restrain the child’s upper body
in a sudden stop or crash. The child could be
seriously injured. Make sure the harness clip is
properly fastened.
11. Now fasten the left and right halves of the shoulder
harness clip together. The purpose of this clip is to help
keep the harness positioned on the child’s shoulders.
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12. Pull the shoulder harness adjustment strap (C) firmly
until the harness is snugly adjusted around the child.
You should not be able to put more than two fingers
between the harness and the child’s chest. Make sure
the harness and buckle strap are not twisted.
13. Adjust the position of the harness on the child’s
shoulder by moving the clip up or down along the
harness. On each side of the harness, the shoulder
part should be centered on the child’s shoulder.
The harness should be away from the child’s face
and neck, but not falling from the child’s shoulders.
If you expect that the child will sleep while riding,
you can recline the seatback. See “Seats” in
the Index.
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Removing the Child from the Built-In
Child Restraint
2. Unlatch the harness by pushing the button on
the buckle.
1. Unfasten the shoulder harness clip.
3. Move one side of the harness off the child’s shoulder.
4. Move the other side of the harness off the
child’s shoulder.
5. Remove the child from the child restraint cushion.
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Storing the Built-In Child Restraint
Always properly store the built-in child restraint before
using the vehicle’s lap-shoulder belt.
2. Fold the child restraint cushion and leg rest up into
the seatback.
3. Press the child restraint cushion firmly into the seatback.
1. Move both latch plates and both sides of the shoulder
harness clip to the bottom of the harness straps.
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4. Then press the leg rest firmly into the seatback, and
secure it by pressing the upper corners against the
fastener strips on the seatback.
5. Rotate the head restraint forward and push it all the
way down.
Just like the other restraint systems in your vehicle,
your built-in child restraint needs to be periodically
checked and may need to have parts replaced after a
crash. See “Checking Your Restraint Systems” and
“Replacing Seat and Restraint System Parts After a
Crash” in the Index.
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Child Restraints
Every time infants and young children ride in
vehicles, they should have protection provided by
appropriate restraints.
Q:
What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints are available in four basic
types. When selecting a child restraint, take into
consideration not only the child’s weight and
size, but also whether or not the restraint will
be compatible with the motor vehicle in which
it will be used.
An infant car bed (A) is a special bed made for use
in a motor vehicle. It’s an infant restraint system
designed to restrain or position a child on a
continuous flat surface. With an infant car bed,
make sure that the infant’s head rests toward the
center of the vehicle.
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A rear-facing infant restraint (B) positions an infant
to face the rear of the vehicle. Rear-facing infant
restraints are designed for infants of up to about
20 lbs. (9 kg) and about one year of age. This type
of restraint faces the rear so that the infant’s head,
neck and body can have the support they need
in a frontal crash. Some infant seats come in two
parts -- the base stays secured in the vehicle and
the seat part is removable.
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A forward-facing child restraint (C-E) positions
a child upright to face forward in the vehicle.
These forward-facing restraints are designed to
help protect children who are from 20 to 40 lbs.
(9 to 18 kg) and about 26 to 40 inches
(66 to 102 cm) in height, or up to around four
years of age. One type, a convertible restraint, is
designed to be used either as a rear-facing infant
seat or a forward-facing child seat.
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When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is,
it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You
may find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system
in your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured
within the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal
injury. The instructions that come with the infant or
child restraint will show you how to do that. Both the
owner’s manual and the child restraint instructions are
important, so if either one of these is not available,
obtain a replacement copy from the manufacturer.
A booster seat (F) is designed for children who
are about 40 to 60 lbs., or even up to 80 lbs.
(18 to 27 kg, or even up to 36 kg), and about
four to eight years of age. A booster seat is
designed to improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety
belt system. Booster seats with shields use lap-only
belts; however, booster seats without shields use
lap-shoulder belts. Booster seats can also help a
child to see out the window.
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Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your
child restraint in a rear seat. Never put a rear-facing
child restraint in the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people
in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
Top Strap
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in a rear seat.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front seat, but before you do, always
move the front passenger seat as far back as it
will go. It’s better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
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In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be anchored.
In the United States, some child restraints also have a top
strap. If your child restraint has a top strap, it should
be anchored.
A child restraint with a top strap should only be used in
the second or third row. Don’t use a child restraint with
a top strap in the right front passenger’s position or in
the center position of a third row seat, because there’s
no place to anchor the top strap.
An anchor bar for a top strap is located at the rear of
the seat cushion for each second and third row outboard
seating position, and for the center position of the
second row.
Third Row
Anchor the top strap to this bar. Once you have the
top strap anchored, you’ll be ready to secure the child
restraint itself.
Second Row
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Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier
part about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
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Second Row Outside Passenger Position
Third Row Outside Passenger Positions
3. Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face
or neck, put it behind the child restraint.
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4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-78
5. Some vehicles have a child restraint locking feature
on the shoulder belt retractor. You can tell if your
vehicle has this feature by pulling the shoulder belt
all the way out of the retractor. Then, let the belt go
back a few inches, and try to pull the belt out again.
If you can’t pull the belt out because it has locked,
it means the retractor has the child restraint locking
feature. If the belt doesn’t lock and you can pull the
belt out of the retractor again, it means your vehicle
doesn’t have the child restraint locking feature on the
shoulder belt retractor.
To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back
into the retractor while you push down on the
child restraint. If you’re using a forward-facing
child restraint, you may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint as you
tighten the belt.
D If your vehicle doesn’t have the child restraint
locking feature on the shoulder belt retractor,
tighten the belt by pulling up on the shoulder
belt while you push down on the child restraint.
If you’re using a forward-facing child restraint
you may find it helpful to use your knee to
push down on the child restraint as you tighten
the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
D If your vehicle has the child restraint locking
feature on the shoulder belt retractor, pull the
rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
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Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Seat Position (Third Row Bench Seat)
You’ll be using the lap belt. Be sure to follow
the instructions that came with the child restraint.
Secure the child in the child restraint when and as
the instructions say.
See the earlier part about the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
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5. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push
down on the child restraint. If you’re using a
forward-facing child restraint, you may find it
helpful to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. It will be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
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Securing a Child Restraint in the
Center Seat Position (Bucket Seat)
You’ll be using the lap belt. See the earlier part about
the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure to
follow the instructions that came with the child restraint.
Secure the child in the child restraint when and as the
instructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
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2. Pull the lap belt all the way out without stopping.
3. While holding it out, run the belt through or around
the child restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To tighten the belt, feed it back into the retractor
while you push down on the child restraint. If you’re
using a forward-facing child restraint, you may find
it helpful to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
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Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier
part about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a front passenger air
bag, always move the seat as far back as it will go
before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
(See “Seats” in the Index.)
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
Your vehicle has a front passenger air bag. Never put a
rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the front passenger’s
air bag inflates. This is because the back of the
rear-facing child restraint would be very close
to the inflating air bag. If your vehicle is a
passenger van, always secure a rear-facing
child restraint in a rear seat.
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3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
4. Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face
or neck, put it behind the child restraint.
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
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6. Some vehicles have a child restraint locking feature
on the shoulder belt retractor. You can tell if your
vehicle has this feature by pulling the shoulder belt
all the way out of the retractor. Then, let the belt go
back a few inches, and try to pull the belt out again.
If you can’t pull the belt out because it has locked,
it means the retractor has the child restraint locking
feature. If the belt doesn’t lock and you can pull the
belt out of the retractor again, it means your vehicle
doesn’t have the child restraint locking feature on the
shoulder belt retractor.
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D If your vehicle has the child restraint locking
feature on the shoulder belt retractor, pull the
rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back
into the retractor while you push down on the
child restraint. You may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint as you
tighten the belt.
Larger Children
D If your vehicle doesn’t have the child restraint
locking feature on the shoulder belt retractor,
tighten the belt by pulling up on the shoulder belt
while you push down on the child restraint. You
may find it helpful to use your knee to push down
on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
Children who have outgrown child restraints should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
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Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat. But they need to use the
safety belts properly.
D Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown out
in a crash.
D Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other
people who are.
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CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can’t properly spread the impact forces.
In a crash, the two children can be crushed
together and seriously injured. A belt must be
used by only one person at a time.
Q:
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt is
very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide. If the
child is sitting in a rear seat outside position, see
“Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides” in the Index.
If the child is so small that the shoulder belt is still
very close to the child’s face or neck, you might
want to place the child in a seat that has a lap belt,
if your vehicle has one.
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is behind
the child. If the child wears the belt in this way,
in a crash the child might slide under the belt.
The belt’s force would then be applied right on
the child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
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Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you,
you should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you
go in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so
the extender will be long enough for you. The extender
will be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle
that you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and
use it only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it,
just attach it to the regular safety belt.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. If your vehicle has a
built-in child restraint, also periodically make sure the
harness straps, latch plates, buckle, clip, child head
restraint and anchorages are working properly.
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Look for any other loose or damaged safety belt
and built-in child restraint system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt or built-in child
restraint system from doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
If your vehicle has the built-in child restraint, torn or
frayed harness straps can rip apart under impact forces
just like torn or frayed safety belts can. They may not
protect a child in a crash. If a harness strap is torn or
frayed, get a new harness right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag
system does not need regular maintenance.)
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new safety belts or
built-in child restraint parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the safety belts or built-in child restraint harness
straps were stretched, as they would be if worn during a
more severe crash, then you need new safety belts or
harness straps.
If safety belts or built-in child restraint harness straps
are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision damage also
may mean you will need to have safety belt, built-in
child restraint or seat parts repaired or replaced. New
parts and repairs may be necessary even if the safety belt
or built-in child restraint wasn’t being used at the time
of the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier
in this section.
If the frontal air bags inflate, you’ll also need to replace
the driver’s and right front passenger’s safety belt
buckle assembly. Be sure to do so. Then the new buckle
assembly will be there to help protect you in a collision.
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Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your vehicle, and information on starting,
shifting and braking. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is
working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
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2-4
2-7
2-13
2-23
2-25
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2-33
2-34
2-36
2-38
2-39
2-40
2-42
2-43
2-47
2-48
Keys
Door Locks
Keyless Entry System (Option)
Multifunction Alarm Locks and
Lighting Choices
Sliding Door
Power Sliding Door (Option)
Liftgate
Theft
Content Theft-Deterrent (Option)
PASS-KeyR III
New Vehicle “Break-In”
Ignition Positions
Starting Your Engine
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Parking Brake
Shifting Into PARK (P)
2-
2-50
2-51
2-51
2-52
2-53
2-55
2-62
2-64
2-70
2-80
2-82
2-83
2-84
2-89
2-98
2-103
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked
Windows
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Exterior Lamps
Interior Lamps
Storage Compartments
Accessory Inflator System (Option)
Accessory Power Outlets
OnStarR System (If Equipped)
The Instrument Panel -- Your
Information System
Warning Lights, Gages, Messages
and Indicators
Message Center
Driver Information Center (DIC) (Option)
2-1
Keys
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power windows or
other controls or even make the vehicle move.
Don’t leave the keys in a vehicle with children.
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The master key can be
used for the ignition as
well as all door locks,
the liftgate lock and the
storage compartments.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle has a number of new features that
can help prevent theft. But you can have a lot of
trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever lock
your key inside. You may even have to damage
your vehicle to get in. So be sure you have an
extra key.
If you need a new key, contact your Pontiac dealer, who
can obtain the correct key code. In an emergency, call
Pontiac Roadside Assistance at 1-800-ROADSIDE or
1-800-762-3743. (In Canada, call 1-800-268-6800.)
2-3
Door Locks
CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
Passengers -- especially children -- can easily
open the doors and fall out. When a door is
locked, the inside handle won’t open it.
Outsiders can easily enter through an unlocked
door when you slow down or stop your vehicle.
This may not be so obvious: You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in a
crash if the doors aren’t locked. Wear safety belts
properly, lock your doors, and you will be far
better off whenever you drive your vehicle.
To unlock either front door from the outside with the
key, insert the key and turn it toward the front of
the vehicle.
You can lock either front door from the outside with
your key by inserting and turning it toward the rear
of the vehicle.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
From the outside, use your key or the remote keyless
entry transmitter (if your vehicle has this option).
To lock either front door from the inside, push the manual
locking lever forward.
To unlock either front door from the inside, pull back on
the manual locking lever.
2-4
Power Door Locks
To unlock any door or the liftgate from the outside with
your key, turn the key to the unlock position and release.
This will only unlock that door or the liftgate. To unlock
all the doors and the liftgate at once, insert the key into
the key cylinder, then turn to the unlock position and
hold for one second.
With power door locks, you can lock all the doors from
the outside by inserting the key and turning the key to
the lock position.
Also, when the doors are locked with the power door
locks, the inside as well as the outside door handle
cannot open the doors. This safety feature prevents a
door from being accidentally opened from the inside
by moving the handle.
From the inside, press the front of the power door lock
switch (on either front door) to unlock all doors and the
liftgate. If your vehicle is equipped with the content
theft-deterrent system, the power door lock switch will
not unlock the doors until the system is disarmed. See
“Content Theft-Deterrent” in the Index for more details.
You can lock all doors and the liftgate from the inside
by pressing the rear of the power lock switch on either
front door. If your vehicle is equipped with the content
theft-deterrent system, the power door lock switch may
cause the system to arm. See “Content Theft-Deterrent”
in the Index for more details.
To override this safety feature, move the locking lever
to the unlock position on the door you want to open.
When the liftgate has been unlocked with the power
door locks, you won’t need the key to open it. Simply
squeeze the handle above the license plate. This is
also true if you use the optional remote keyless entry
transmitter. See “Keyless Entry System” later in
this section.
2-5
Last Door Closed Locking
Automatic Door Locks
The last door closed locking feature makes it easier to
use your power door locks to lock all the doors and the
liftgate when leaving your vehicle.
All of the doors will lock automatically when you move
your shift lever out of PARK (P). All doors will unlock
automatically when the ignition is turned off while the
shift lever is in PARK (P).
When any door or the liftgate is open, the first time you
attempt to lock the doors using the power lock switch
or the remote keyless entry transmitter (if equipped),
this will result in three chimes to signal that last door
closed locking is being used. All doors and the liftgate
can be opened for five seconds from the time the last
door is closed.
Five seconds after the last door is closed, all the doors
will lock. You can lock the doors immediately by using
the power door lock switch or the remote keyless entry
transmitter a second time.
If the ignition is in RUN or ACCESSORY, this feature
will not lock the doors.
To turn the last door closed locking feature off or on,
see “Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices”
in the Index.
2-6
You can program the automatic door locks to operate with
the remote keyless entry system and to lock and unlock
automatically to suit your needs. See “Multifunction Alarm
Locks and Lighting Choices” in the Index.
With the automatic door locks feature, you can still lock
or unlock the doors at any time, either manually or with
the power door lock switches.
Sliding Door Delayed Locking
If the sliding door is open when you use your power door
locks to lock the vehicle, the sliding door is not locked.
Normally the last door closed locking feature will be used
to lock the sliding door after it has been closed.
When the ignition is on or if the last door closed locking
feature has been overridden or programmed to be off,
the sliding door delayed locking feature will lock your
sliding door for you. Three seconds after the sliding
door is closed, all the doors will lock. If you have the
dual sliding doors, all doors will lock three seconds after
both sliding doors are closed.
Lockout Deterrent
Keyless Entry System (Option)
The lockout deterrent feature makes it difficult for you
to lock your keys in your vehicle. If the driver’s door
is open while the keys are in the ignition, a chime will
sound and you will not be able to use your power door
lock switch to lock the vehicle.
If your vehicle has this option, you can lock and unlock
your doors and the liftgate from about 3 feet (1 m) up
to 30 feet (9 m) away using the remote keyless entry
transmitter supplied with your vehicle.
If you don’t leave the keys in the ignition or if you
use the manual door lock, you could still lock your
keys in your vehicle. Always remember to take your
keys with you.
To turn this feature off or on, see “Multifunction Alarm
Locks and Lighting Choices” in the Index.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, open your
door and set the locks from the inside. Then get out and
close the door.
Your keyless entry system operates on a radio frequency
subject to Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
2-7
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
D Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy
or snowy weather.
D Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may
be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left or
right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.
D Check to determine if battery replacement or
resynchronization is necessary. See the instructions
that follow.
D If you’re still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
2-8
Operation
Remote Driver’s Door and All Door Unlock
When you press UNLOCK on the remote keyless entry
transmitter, only the driver’s door will unlock. If you
press UNLOCK again within five seconds, all the doors
and the liftgate will unlock. If you would like all the
doors to unlock the first time you press UNLOCK,
see “Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices”
in the Index.
If your vehicle is equipped with the content
theft-deterrent system, the UNLOCK button on
the remote keyless entry transmitter will disarm the
system. See “Content Theft-Deterrent” in the Index
for more details.
Remote All Door Lock
To lock all doors, press LOCK on the remote keyless
entry transmitter (see “Power Door Locks” in the Index
for more details on the power door lock features). If your
vehicle is equipped with the content theft-deterrent
system, the LOCK button may arm the system. See
“Content Theft-Deterrent” in the Index for more details.
Remote Lock Confirmation (If Equipped)
If your vehicle is equipped with the content
theft-deterrent system, your remote keyless entry
transmitter will have this feature.
If you would like to change the way the parking
lamps operate with remote unlock confirmation, see
“Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices”
in the Index.
When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to
lock your vehicle, the parking lamps will flash briefly to
let you know the command has been received. If you
press the LOCK button again, within five seconds, the
horn will sound briefly and the parking lamps will flash
to let you know the vehicle is already locked.
Remote Alarm (If Equipped)
If you would like to change the way the parking lamps
and horn operate with remote lock confirmation, see
“Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices”
in the Index.
Remote Power Sliding Door Operation (If Equipped)
Remote Unlock Confirmation (If Equipped)
If your vehicle is equipped with the content
theft-deterrent system, your remote keyless entry
transmitter will have this feature.
When you use your remote keyless entry transmitter to
unlock your vehicle or to operate the power sliding door
(if equipped), the parking lamps will flash briefly to let
you know the command was received.
When you press the horn button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter, the parking lamps will flash and the
horn will sound. This will allow you to attract attention,
if needed.
If your vehicle is equipped
with a power sliding door
(see “Power Sliding Door”
later in this section), your
remote transmitter will
have a button that has a
van symbol on it. Press it
to open or close the
sliding door.
2-9
If the sliding door is locked, first unlock all doors (see
“Remote Driver’s Door and All Door Unlock” earlier in
this section), then press the van symbol to open the
sliding door. Press the van symbol again to close the
sliding door.
You can operate the power sliding door with the remote
transmitter only when the power sliding door override
switch on the overhead console is turned off.
Matching Transmitter(s) To Your Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any
remaining transmitters with you when you go to your
dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock your
vehicle. Each vehicle can have only four transmitters
matched to it.
See your dealer to match transmitters to another vehicle.
2-10
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about two years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have to
get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
Replacing the Battery in the Remote Transmitter
NOTICE:
When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your
body transferred to these surfaces may damage
the transmitter.
1. Insert a flat object like a dime into the slot on the side
of the transmitter and twist to separate the halves.
2. Gently pry the battery out of the transmitter. Do not
use the metal flanges to “pop out” the battery.
3. Replace the battery.
4. Reassemble the transmitter. Make sure the halves
are snapped together tightly so water will not get in.
5. Check the transmitter operation. If needed,
follow the instructions on resynchronizing your
remote transmitter.
Resynchronization
Your remote keyless entry system uses a continually
changing code for increased security. Normally, the
receiver in your vehicle will keep track of this
changing code.
D Loss of synchronization will occur if the transmitter
is activated more than 256 times while out of range
of the vehicle.
D Loss of synchronization will occur after the battery
replacement if the transmitter is immediately
activated more than 16 times while out of range
of the vehicle.
If your remote keyless entry transmitter has stopped
working, you may need to resynchronize the transmitter
to the vehicle receiver. To do this, press the LOCK
and UNLOCK buttons together and hold for at least
seven seconds or until the horn sounds if equipped
with the content theft-deterrent system. Check the
transmitter operation.
Switchbanks
There are two sets of switchbanks located in the front of
the vehicle. The switches will vary with the options that are
on your vehicle. It is useful to become familiar with them
since they are used frequently while operating the vehicle.
2-11
Overhead Console Switchbank
Instrument Panel Switchbank
This switchbank is located in the overhead console.
The switches that you may find in this switchbank are
the interior lamps override, power sliding door override,
power sliding door and power rear quarter windows.
If your vehicle does not have some of the options
controlled by these switches, there will be a blank
button in its place.
This switchbank is located in the instrument panel below
the comfort controls. The switches and controls that you
may find in this switchbank are the rear fan knob, rear
window wiper/washer, fog lamps, traction control and
heated seats. If your vehicle does not have some of the
options controlled by these switches, there will be a
blank button in its place.
For more information, please see each of these features
in the Index.
For more information, please see each of these features
in the Index.
If your vehicle is not equipped with the optional rear
climate control system, there will be a storage space in
this switchbank. The rubber mat can be removed for
cleaning. Snap the mat into place after cleaning.
2-12
Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices
Your vehicle’s locks and lighting systems can be programmed with several different features. The features you can
program depend on the options that came with your vehicle. The following chart shows the features that can be
programmed. To determine which features your vehicle is equipped with, follow the steps listed for entering the
programming mode.
2-13
Entering Programming Mode
Delayed Illumination and Exit Lighting
To program features, your vehicle must be in the
programming mode. Follow these steps:
With delayed illumination, the interior lamps will stay
on for about 25 seconds after all the doors and the
liftgate are closed.
With exit lighting, the interior lamps will come on and
stay on for about 25 seconds whenever you remove the
key from the ignition.
To customize these features to your preference, see
“Programmable Modes” following.
1. The content theft-deterrent system (if equipped)
must be disarmed. See “Content Theft-Deterrent
System” in this section.
2. Remove the BCM PRGRM fuse from the instrument
panel fuse block, located to the right of the glove
box. (See “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index.)
3. Close the driver’s door.
4. Turn the ignition key towards you to ACCESSORY.
5. Count the number of chimes you hear. You will
hear two to four chimes depending on the features
your vehicle is equipped with. Refer to the chart
shown previously.
You can now program your choices.
To exit the programming mode, follow the steps
listed under “Exiting Programming Mode” later in
this section.
2-14
Programmable Modes
Your vehicle can be programmed to one of the
following modes.
Mode 1: Both Features Off (The interior lamps will
turn on or off at the same instant that a door is opened
or closed.)
Mode 2: Delayed Illumination Only (The interior lamps
will stay on for about 25 seconds after all the doors and
liftgate are closed, or until you lock the doors.)
Mode 3: Exit Lighting Only (The interior lamps will
come on whenever you remove the key from the ignition
and stay on for about 25 seconds, or until you lock
the doors.)
Mode 4: Both Features On (This combines Modes
2 and 3.)
Vehicles are delivered programmed in Mode 4.
Automatic Door Locks
To change the mode:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
With automatic door locks, all doors will automatically
lock when you shift out of PARK (P) and automatically
unlock when the ignition is turned to OFF.
2. Turn the interior lamps control all the way clockwise
and then back slightly counterclockwise.
To customize these features to your preference, see
“Programmable Modes” following.
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number
of chimes tells you which mode your vehicle is in.
You can change the mode by turning the interior
lamps control all the way clockwise and then back
slightly counterclockwise.
Programmable Modes
4. Repeat Step 2 until you hear the number of chimes
that matches the mode you want.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Your vehicle can be programmed to one of the
following modes.
Mode 1: Both Features Off (Automatic door locking
and unlocking is disabled. You will always need to
lock your doors manually before driving to increase
occupant safety.)
Mode 2: Automatic Door Locking Only
D The automatic door unlock feature is turned off.
D Shift out of PARK (P) with the ignition on and the
driver’s door closed; all doors will lock automatically.
Mode 3: Automatic Unlocking with the Ignition Off
D Turn off the ignition with the transaxle in PARK (P);
all doors will unlock automatically.
D Shift out of PARK (P) with the ignition on and the
driver’s door closed; all doors will lock automatically.
2-15
Mode 4: Automatic Unlocking with Transaxle in
PARK (P)
D Shift into PARK (P) with the ignition on; all doors
will unlock automatically.
D Shift out of PARK (P) with the ignition on and the
driver’s door closed; all doors will lock automatically.
Vehicles are delivered programmed in Mode 3.
To change the mode:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
2. Press LOCK on the power door lock switch.
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number
of chimes tells you which mode your vehicle is in.
You can change the mode by pressing LOCK again.
4. Repeat Step 2 until you hear the number of chimes
that matches the mode you want.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
2-16
Last Door Closed Locking and
Lockout Prevention
With the last door closed locking and lockout prevention
features, your vehicle will do the following:
D If you leave your key in the ignition and leave the
driver’s door open, you won’t be able to lock the
doors using the power door lock switch.
D When you press LOCK on the power door
lock switch or remote keyless entry transmitter
(if equipped) while any door or the liftgate is open,
the doors will not lock. Instead you will hear three
chimes, which let you know that the last door closed
locking feature is in operation. Five seconds after all
the doors and the liftgate are closed, all the doors
and the liftgate will automatically lock.
To customize these features to your preference, see
“Programmable Modes” following.
Programmable Modes
2. Press UNLOCK on the power door lock switch.
Your vehicle can be programmed to one of the
following modes.
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The
number of chimes tells you which mode your
vehicle is in. You can change the mode by
pressing UNLOCK again.
Mode 1: Both Features Off (Doors will always lock
immediately when you press LOCK on the power door
lock switch or the remote keyless entry transmitter,
if equipped.)
Mode 2: Lockout Deterrent Only (If you leave your key
in the ignition with the driver’s door open, you won’t be
able to lock the doors with the power door locks.)
Mode 3: Last Door Closed Locking Only (If the power
door lock switch or remote keyless entry transmitter
(if equipped) is used to lock the vehicle while any door
or the liftgate is open, you will hear three chimes. The
doors will not lock. Five seconds after the last door is
closed, all doors and liftgate will lock.)
Mode 4: Both Features On (This combines Modes
2 and 3.)
Vehicles are delivered programmed in Mode 4.
To change the mode:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
4. Repeat Step 2 until you hear the number of
chimes that matches the mode you want.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Remote Driver’s Unlock Control
With the remote driver’s unlock control feature, you can
program your vehicle to do the following:
D When you press UNLOCK on your remote keyless
entry transmitter, the driver’s door will unlock and,
D When you press UNLOCK on your remote keyless
entry transmitter again within five seconds, all doors
and the liftgate will unlock.
To customize this feature to your preference, see
“Programmable Modes” following.
2-17
Programmable Modes
Your vehicle can be programmed to one of the
following modes.
Mode 1: Remote All Doors Unlock (When you press
UNLOCK on your remote keyless entry transmitter, all
doors and the liftgate will unlock.)
Mode 2: Remote Driver’s Door Unlock Only
(When you press UNLOCK on your remote keyless
entry transmitter once, the driver’s door will unlock.
When you press UNLOCK on your remote keyless entry
transmitter again within five seconds, all doors and the
liftgate will unlock.)
Vehicles are delivered programmed in Mode 2.
To change the mode:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
2. Press UNLOCK on the remote keyless
entry transmitter.
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The
number of chimes tells you which mode your
vehicle is in. You can change the mode by
pressing UNLOCK again.
2-18
4. Repeat Step 2 until you hear the number of
chimes that matches the mode you want.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Remote Lock and Unlock Confirmation
With the remote lock and unlock confirmation feature,
your vehicle can do the following:
D When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter
to lock your vehicle, your parking lamps will flash
briefly to let you know the command has been
received. If you press LOCK on the remote keyless
entry transmitter again, the horn will sound briefly
and the parking lamps will flash briefly to let you
know your vehicle is locked, and
D When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter
to unlock your vehicle or operate your power
sliding door (if equipped), your parking lamps will
flash briefly.
To customize these features to your preference, see
“Programmable Modes” following.
Programmable Modes
Your vehicle can be programmed to one of the
following modes.
Mode 1: Both Features Off (Remote lock and unlock
confirmation are disabled.)
Mode 2: Exterior Lamps Flash Only
D When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter
to lock your vehicle, your parking lamps will
flash briefly to let you know the command has
been received.
D When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter
to unlock your vehicle or operate your power
sliding door (if equipped), your parking lamps will
flash briefly to let you know the command has
been received.
Mode 3: Exterior Lamps Flash and Horn Sound
D When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter
to lock your vehicle, the horn will sound briefly and
your parking lamps will flash briefly to let you know
the command has been received.
D When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter
to unlock your vehicle or operate your power
sliding door (if equipped), your parking lamps will
flash briefly to let you know the command has
been received.
Mode 4: Exterior Lamps Flash and Horn Sound
(on second LOCK Press)
D When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter
to lock your vehicle, your parking lamps will flash
briefly to let you know the command has been
received. The horn will sound briefly and your
parking lamps will flash briefly if you press the
LOCK button again within five seconds.
D When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter
to unlock your vehicle or operate your power
sliding door (if equipped), your parking lamps will
flash briefly to let you know the command has
been received.
Vehicles are delivered programmed in Mode 4.
To change the mode:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
2. Press the LOCK button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
2-19
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number
of chimes tells you which mode your vehicle is in.
You can change the mode by pressing the LOCK
button again.
4. Repeat Step 2 until you hear the number of chimes
that matches the mode you want.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Content Theft-Deterrent System
With the content theft-deterrent system, if anyone
damages or enters your vehicle while the system is
armed, the horn will sound and your parking lamps will
flash for two minutes. The content theft shock sensor
detects if anyone damages your vehicle. The shock
sensors sensitivity can be adjusted, by your Pontiac
dealer, if more or less sensitivity is desired.
To customize this feature to your preference, see
“Programmable Modes” following.
2-20
Programmable Modes
Your vehicle can be programmed to one of the
following modes.
Mode 1: Damage Detection with Reduced Sensitivity
(If anyone seriously damages your vehicle or opens a
door or the liftgate while your content theft-deterrent
system is armed, an alarm will sound and your parking
lamps will flash for up to two minutes.)
Mode 2: Damage Detection Off (If anyone opens a
door or the liftgate while your content theft-deterrent
system is armed, an alarm will sound and your parking
lamps will flash for up to two minutes.)
Mode 3: Feature Off (Your content theft-deterrent
system is always disarmed.)
Mode 4: Damage Detection with Normal Sensitivity
(If anyone damages or enters your vehicle while your
content theft-deterrent system is armed, an alarm
will sound and your parking lamps will flash for up to
two minutes.)
Vehicles are delivered programmed in Mode 4.
To change the mode:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
2. Turn the parking lamps on, then off.
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number
of chimes tells you which mode your vehicle is in.
You can change the mode by turning the parking
lamps on, then off again.
4. Repeat Step 2 until you hear the number of chimes
that matches the mode you want.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Arming and Disarming the Content
Theft-Deterrent System
To arm and disarm the content theft-deterrent system,
the system must be turned on by using Modes 1, 2 or
4 listed previously in this section under “Content
Theft-Deterrent System.”
With the arming and disarming feature, you can program
the vehicle to do the following:
D Arm the system when you lock the doors using either
power door lock switch while any door or the liftgate
is open and the key is removed from the ignition.
D Arm the system when you lock the doors with your
key or remote keyless entry transmitter and the key
is removed from the ignition.
D Disarm the system when you unlock the doors with
your key or remote keyless entry transmitter.
To customize this feature to your preference, see
“Programmable Modes” following.
2-21
Programmable Modes
Your vehicle can be programmed to one of the
following modes.
Mode 1: Power Door Lock Switch Arming Off
D The system will arm when you lock the doors with
your key or remote keyless entry transmitter. The
key must be removed from the ignition when you
lock the doors or the content theft-deterrent system
will not arm.
D The system will disarm when you unlock the doors
with your key or remote keyless entry transmitter.
Mode 2: Remote Keyless Entry Transmitter
Arm/Disarm Only
D The system will arm when you lock the doors with
your remote keyless entry transmitter. The key
must be removed from the ignition when you lock
the doors or the content theft-deterrent system
will not arm.
D The system will disarm when you unlock the doors
with your remote keyless entry transmitter.
2-22
While this mode provides increased security, it can be
a problem if your remote keyless entry transmitter is
damaged, lost or if it fails to operate for any reason
while the content theft-deterrent system is armed. The
content theft-deterrent system must be disarmed for the
engine to run while in Mode 2; your key can no longer
disarm the system.
If your vehicle is equipped with the optional dealer
installed OnStarR system, OnStar will not be able to
remotely unlock your vehicle if it has been programmed
to Mode 2.
Mode 3: Standard Arming and Disarming
D The system will arm when you lock the doors
using either power door lock switch while any door
or the liftgate is open and the key is removed from
the ignition.
D The system will arm when you lock the doors with
your key or remote keyless entry transmitter and the
key is removed from the ignition.
D The system will disarm when you unlock the doors
with your key or remote keyless entry transmitter.
Vehicles are delivered programmed in Mode 1.
To change the mode:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
2. Insert your second key fully into any door key
cylinder and turn it to the unlock position.
This step is necessary to prevent accidental
programming of this feature to Mode 2. Do not
program this feature to Mode 2 without first reading
Mode 2 entirely. The door key cylinder must remain
in the unlock position during Steps 2 through 4.
3. Press the horn symbol on the remote keyless
entry transmitter.
4. Count the number of chimes you hear. The
number of chimes tells you which mode your
vehicle is in. You can change the mode by
pressing the horn symbol on the remote keyless
entry transmitter again.
5. Repeat Step 3 until you hear the number of
chimes that matches the mode you want.
6. Remove your key from the door key cylinder.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
next in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Exiting Programming Mode
To exit programming mode, just turn the key from
ACCESSORY to OFF and put the BCM PRGRM
fuse back into the instrument panel fuse block.
After programming a feature, you can exit the
programming mode at anytime. Also, if your vehicle
is equipped with the content theft-deterrent system,
remember to arm the system before exiting.
Sliding Door
To open the sliding door from outside the vehicle, pull
the handle out and then pull the door toward the rear.
If you slide the door all the way back, the door will rest
in a detent position. The door must overcome this detent
when closing.
To move the door forward, you must first pull the door
past the open detent position.
If your vehicle has a sliding door on the driver’s side,
the door is designed to open only a little if the fuel
door is open. If this ever happens, don’t try to force
the sliding door. Just close the driver’s side sliding door.
Then when the fuel filler door is closed, the driver’s side
sliding door can be opened normally.
2-23
Sliding Door Lock
CAUTION:
If your vehicle is facing downward on a steep
grade (15 percent or more), the door may not
stay open and could slam shut, possibly injuring
someone. To make sure the door does not slam
shut, be sure to hold it open until everyone is
clear of the door, and only then allow it to
slowly close.
2-24
Power Sliding Door (Option)
With this option, you can open and close the sliding
door with the switches inside your vehicle. If you have
the optional remote keyless entry system, you can
also operate the power sliding door with your remote
transmitter. See “Keyless Entry System” in the Index.
CAUTION:
Lock the sliding door from inside the vehicle by moving
the manual locking lever down. Unlock it by moving
the lever up.
With the power door locks, the sliding door lock
has a delay feature. See “Power Door Locks” or
“Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices”
in the Index.
Leaving young children or pets unattended in your
vehicle can be dangerous. They could operate the
power sliding door. A child or others could be
injured. Do not leave children or pets unattended
in your vehicle.
To help avoid accidental operation of the sliding door,
turn the power sliding door off by pushing the bottom
of the power sliding door override switch.
2-25
This switch is located
in the overhead
console switchbank.
NOTICE:
When your vehicle goes through an automatic
car wash, be sure the power sliding door is
turned off. If it isn’t, the power sliding door
may open accidentally.
To open or close the sliding door, press and release one
of the following two power door switches.
Pushing the bottom of the button turns the power sliding
door off. When the power sliding door switch is turned
off, you will not be able to open the door using the
switch located on the overhead console switchbank, the
wall-mounted switch in front of the passenger’s sliding
door or the remote keyless entry transmitter.
2-26
One switch is located
in the overhead
console switchbank.
The other switch is mounted
on the wall, just in front
of the passenger’s side
sliding door.
If the power sliding door is open or in the process of
closing when you shift out of PARK (P), a buzzer will
sound. This is a warning that the sliding door is not
completely closed.
If the power sliding door is turned off, the buzzer will
not sound indicating the door is not completely closed.
CAUTION:
The power sliding door override switch will also stop
the door immediately, while the door is opening or
closing, when the switch is turned off.
The power sliding door will only open if the transaxle
is in PARK (P). The transaxle does not have to be in
PARK (P) to close the door.
If you shift the transaxle out of PARK (P) and
accelerate before the power sliding door latches
closed, the door may reverse to the open position.
A child or others could fall out of the vehicle and
be injured. Always make sure the power sliding
door is closed and latched before you drive away.
2-27
CAUTION:
You or others could be injured if caught in the
path of the sliding door. Make sure the door path
is clear before closing the door.
If you want to open the power sliding door when the
switch is turned on, pull the inside or outside handle and
let go. The door will open fully.
If anything obstructs the power sliding door while it is
closing, the door will automatically reverse to the open
position, provided it meets sufficient resistance.
Resistance must be as strong as the force of the closing
door, or stronger. The force of the closing door increases
significantly as the door approaches the latched position.
2-28
To open the power sliding door when the power sliding
door switch is off, pull the inside or outside handle and
slide the door all the way back.
CAUTION:
If your vehicle is facing downward on a steep
grade (15 percent or more), the door may not
stay open and could slam shut, possibly injuring
someone. To make sure the door does not slam
shut, turn on the power sliding door feature.
Then if the door closes, it will close under the
control of the power door system.
If you want to close the power sliding door when the
switch is turned on, pull the inside or outside handle or
the edge of the door. Move the door about 4 inches
(10 cm) toward the closed position and release. The
door will close completely and latch for you.
To close the power sliding door when the switch is
turned off, pull the inside or outside handle and slide
the door all the way forward to the latched position.
2-29
Sliding Door Security Lock
Your vehicle is equipped with a sliding door security
lock that helps prevent young children or other
passengers from opening the sliding door by using
the inside door handle.
The security lock lever is located on the inside of the
sliding door, on the front edge of the door. To access
the lever, open the sliding door. Use the security lock
label on the edge of the door as a guide. This lock is
on both doors if your vehicle is equipped with dual
sliding doors.
To use the security lock,
move the security lock lever
all the way up and close the
door from the outside.
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If your vehicle is equipped with a power sliding door,
you can override the security lock by pressing either
power door switch when the power sliding door is
turned off. When the power sliding door is turned on,
the power sliding door cannot be opened from the inside
when the sliding door security lock is in use.
If you want to open the sliding door when the security
lock is on, unlock the sliding door and open the door
from the outside.
You should let adults and older children know how the
security lock works, and how to cancel the lock. If you
don’t, adults or older children who ride in the rear won’t
be able to open the sliding door from the inside when
the security lock feature is in use.
Resetting the Power Sliding Door
5. Reinstall the fuse and wait 10 seconds.
The power sliding door may operate incorrectly or not
at all because of the following conditions:
6. Turn on the power sliding door override on
the switchbank.
D A low voltage or dead battery,
D disconnecting the battery, or
D if the IGN 1, B/U LAMP, RADIO or PWR
7. Push either of the power door buttons to open
the power sliding door.
SEAT/PSD fuse is removed or blown.
8. Open the door.
9. Wait five seconds and close the door by pushing
either power door button.
See “Fuse Panel” in the Index for more information
about your fuse panel.
10. Wait five seconds and repeat Steps 7 through 9.
If any of these conditions occur, the power sliding door
will need to be reset. To do this, follow the directions
listed here. It will be easier if you read through them
once before beginning this procedure.
If the door does not rest in the fully open position
after repeating Step 7, repeat Steps 7 through 9 again.
If the door still does not operate correctly, see your
dealer for service.
1. Check to be sure the power sliding door is
unlocked and securely closed.
Canceling the Sliding Door Security Lock
2. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
1. Unlock the sliding door and open the door from
the outside.
3. Turn off the power sliding door override on
the switchbank.
2. Move the security lock lever all the way down.
4. Remove the RADIO fuse from the underhood
fuse and relay center. Leave it out for 30 seconds.
The sliding door lock will now work normally.
2-31
Liftgate
To unlock the liftgate from the outside, turn the key in
the cylinder clockwise. To lock the liftgate using the
key, turn the key counterclockwise.
Open the liftgate using the handle above the license
plate. Once slightly opened, the liftgate will rise by
itself. Lamps in the rear of the vehicle will come on,
illuminating the rear cargo area. See “Interior Lamps”
in the Index.
NOTICE:
Be sure there are no overhead obstructions, such
as a garage door, before you open the liftgate.
You could slam the liftgate into something and
break the glass.
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CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the liftgate
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even death.
If you must drive with the liftgate open or if
electrical wiring or other cable connections
must pass through the seal between the body
and the liftgate:
D Make sure all other windows are shut.
D Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting
on bi-level (outside air button is pressed).
That will force outside air into your vehicle.
See “Comfort Controls” in the Index.
D If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
Theft
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joy riders or professional thieves -- so
don’t do it.
To close the liftgate, pull down on the handle, then
firmly shut the liftgate. Don’t drive with the liftgate
open, even slightly. See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a reminding you to remove your key from
the ignition and take it with you. Always do this. Your
steering wheel will be locked, and so will your ignition
and transaxle. Also remember to lock the doors.
A message in your instrument panel will warn you if the
liftgate is not completely closed. See “Rear Hatch Ajar
Warning Message” in the Index.
2-33
Parking at Night
Content Theft-Deterrent (Option)
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
If your vehicle has this option, it has a theft-deterrent
alarm system.
Parking Lots
If you park in a lot where someone will be watching
your vehicle, it’s best to lock it up and take your key.
But what if you have to leave your key? What if you
have to leave something valuable in your vehicle?
D Put your valuables in a storage area, like your
glove box.
D If your vehicle has a remote keyless entry system,
take the transmitter with you.
D Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
A light located on top of your instrument panel (near the
center of the vehicle, next to the windshield) will flash
slowly to let you know that the system has been armed.
While armed, the doors will not unlock with the power
door lock switch.
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Once armed, the alarm will go off if someone tries to
enter the vehicle (without using the remote keyless entry
transmitter or a key), breaks a window, tries to damage
the vehicle or turns the ignition on. The horn will sound
and the parking lamps will flash for up to two minutes.
The system will also cut off the fuel supply, preventing
the vehicle from being driven.
Arming with the Remote Keyless
Entry Transmitter
When the alarm is armed, the liftgate may be opened
with the remote keyless entry transmitter or with a key.
Your alarm system will arm when you use your remote
keyless entry transmitter to lock the doors, if the key is
not in the ignition. The security light will turn on to let
you know the system is arming. After all doors and the
liftgate are closed and locked, the security light will
begin flashing at a very slow rate to let you know the
system is armed.
Arming with the Power Lock Switch
Arming with Your Key
Your alarm system will arm when you use either power
door lock switch to lock the doors while any door or the
liftgate is open and the key is removed from the ignition.
If you would like to turn on power door lock switch
arming, see “Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting
Choices” in the Index.
Your alarm system will arm when you use your key to
lock the doors. The security light will turn on to let you
know the system is arming. After all doors and the
liftgate are closed and locked, the security light will
begin flashing at a very slow rate to let you know the
system is armed. If you would like your key not to
arm the system, see “Multifunction Alarm Locks and
Lighting Choices” in the Index.
The security light flashes quickly to let you know when
the system is ready to arm with the power door lock
switches. The security light will stop flashing and stay
on when you press the rear of the power door lock
switch, to let you know the system is arming. After all
doors and the liftgate are closed and locked, the security
light will begin flashing at a very slow rate to let you
know the system is armed.
Arming Confirmation
If remote unlock confirmation is on (see “Multifunction
Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices” in the Index), your
parking lamps will flash briefly to let you know when
your alarm system has disarmed.
2-35
Disarming with the Remote Keyless
Entry Transmitter
Your alarm system will disarm when you use your
remote keyless entry transmitter to unlock the doors.
The security light will stop flashing to let you know the
system is no longer armed.
Disarming with Your Key
Your alarm system will disarm when you use your key
to unlock the doors. The security light will stop flashing
to let you know the system is no longer armed. If you
would like your key not to disarm the alarm system, see
“Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices” in
the Index.
Nuisance Alarms
If you experience nuisance alarms (alarms which are not
caused by the opening of a door or the liftgate and are
not desirable), you may need to reduce the damage
detection sensitivity. Try programming the content
theft-deterrent to Mode 1.
If you continue to experience nuisance alarms, you
may want to try turning off damage detection by
programming your content theft-deterrent to Mode 2.
2-36
If you are still having trouble with nuisance alarms, you
can turn off the content theft-deterrent system by
programming your content theft-deterrent to Mode 3.
See “Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices”
in the Index for more information. See your dealer or
qualified technician for service.
PASS-KeyR III
Your vehicle is equipped
with the PASS-Key III
(Personalized Automotive
Security System)
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key III is a passive
theft-deterrent system. This
means you don’t have to do
anything different to arm or
disarm the system. It works
when you insert or remove
the key from the ignition.
Your PASS-Key III system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
PASS-Key III uses a radio frequency transponder in
the key that matches a decoder in your vehicle.
When the PASS-Key III system senses that someone
is using the wrong key, it shuts down the vehicle’s
starter and fuel systems. The starter will not work and
fuel will stop being delivered to the engine. Anyone
using a trial-and-error method to start the vehicle will
be discouraged because of the high number of electrical
key codes.
When trying to start the vehicle if the engine does not
start and the SECURITY message comes on, the key
may have a damaged transponder. Turn the ignition off
and try again.
If the engine still does not start, and the key appears to
be undamaged, try another ignition key. At this time,
you may also want to check the fuse (see “Fuses and
Circuit Breakers” in the Index). If the engine still does
not start with the other key, your vehicle needs service.
If your vehicle does start, the first key may be faulty.
See your dealer or a locksmith who can service the
PASS-Key III to have a new key made.
It is possible for the PASS-Key III decoder to learn
the transponder value of a new or replacement key.
Up to 10 additional keys may be programmed for the
vehicle. This procedure is for learning additional keys
only. If all the currently programmed keys are lost or
do not operate, you must see your dealer or a locksmith
who can service PASS-Key III to have keys made and
programmed to the system.
See your dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key III to get a new key blank that is a cut
exactly as the ignition key that operates the system.
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To program the new key:
1. Insert the ignition key in the ignition and start the
engine. If the engine will not start see your dealer
for service.
2. After the engine has started, turn the key to OFF,
and remove the key.
3. Insert the key to be programmed and turn it to RUN
within 10 seconds of removing the previous key.
4. The SECURITY message will turn off once the
key has been programmed. It may not be apparent
that the SECURITY message went on due to how
quickly the key is programmed.
5. Repeat Steps 1 through 4 if additional keys are
to be programmed.
If you are ever driving and the SECURITY message
comes on and stays on, you will be able to restart your
engine if you turn it off. Your PASS-Key III system,
however, is not working properly and must be serviced
by your dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by the
PASS-Key III system at this time.
If you lose or damage a PASS-Key III key, see your
dealer or a locksmith who can service PASS-Key III to
have a new key made.
2-38
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the
long run if you follow these guidelines:
D Don’t drive at any one speed -- fast or
slow -- for the first 500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
D Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
D Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.
See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index for
more information.
Ignition Positions
With the key in the ignition, you can turn the switch to
five positions.
LOCK (B): This is the only position in which you can
remove the key. This locks your steering wheel, ignition
and transaxle.
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck in LOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure you are using the correct key;
if so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the
steering wheel left and right while you turn the
key hard. But turn the key only with your hand.
Using a tool to force it could break the key or the
ignition switch. If none of this works, then your
vehicle needs service.
ACCESSORY (A): This is an on position in which you
can operate your electrical power accessories. Press in
the ignition switch as you turn the top of it toward you.
OFF (C): This position unlocks the steering wheel,
ignition and transaxle, but does not send electrical
power to any accessories. Use this position if your
vehicle must be pushed or towed, but never try to
push-start your vehicle. A warning chime will sound
if you open the driver’s door when the ignition is off
and the key is in the ignition.
2-39
RUN (D): This is an on position to which the switch
returns after you start your engine and release the
switch. The switch stays in RUN when the engine is
running. But even when the engine is not running,
you can use RUN to operate your electrical power
accessories, and to display some instrument panel
warning lights.
START (E): This position starts the engine. When the
engine starts, release the key. The ignition switch will
return to RUN for normal driving.
If the engine is not running, ACCESSORY and RUN
are positions that allow you to operate your electrical
accessories, such as the radio.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your vehicle is
moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
With RAP, the power windows (option), the power
rear quarter windows (if equipped), audio system and
electronic level control (ELC) will continue to work up
to 10 minutes after the ignition key is turned to OFF
and none of the doors are opened.
2-40
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid
draining your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your key in
START. If it doesn’t start in three seconds (or starts
but then stops), push the accelerator pedal about
one-quarter of the way down for 12 more seconds,
or until it starts.
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try this:
This clears the extra gasoline from the engine.
When the engine starts, let go of the key and the
accelerator pedal. If the engine still doesn’t start,
wait another 15 seconds and repeat this step.
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
If you ever have to have your vehicle towed,
see the part of this manual that tells how to do
it without damaging your vehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Wait 15 seconds to let the starter motor cool down.
Then push your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor. Hold it there. Then hold the key in START.
2-41
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord won’t reach, use a
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
In very cold weather, 0_F (-18_C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
2-42
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of
trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that
particular area.
Automatic Transaxle Operation
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure
on the shift lever -- push the shift lever all the way
into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application.
Then move the shift lever into the gear you wish.
See “Shifting Out of PARK (P)” in this section.
CAUTION:
Maximum engine speed is limited when you’re in
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N), to protect driveline
components from improper operation.
There are several different positions for your shift lever.
PARK (P): This gear position locks your front wheels.
It’s the best position to use when you start your engine
because your vehicle can’t move easily.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic
transaxle shift lock control system. You have to fully
apply your regular brakes before you can shift from
PARK (P) when the ignition key is in RUN. As you step
on the brake pedal, while in PARK (P), you may hear a
click from the solenoid of the system. This ensures that
the system is operating properly.
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer”
in the Index.
2-43
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
CAUTION:
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle
is stopped.
Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while
your engine is “racing” (running at high speed)
is dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the
brake pedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hit people
or objects. Don’t shift out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is racing.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see
“Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in the Index.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine
doesn’t connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
2-44
NOTICE:
Damage to your transaxle caused by shifting out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine
racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D): This position is
for normal driving. If you need more power for passing,
and you’re:
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, but it offers more power and lower fuel
economy than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D).
D Going less than 35 mph (55 km/h), push your
Here are some times you might choose THIRD (3)
instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D):
D Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
D When driving on hilly, winding roads.
D When towing a trailer (so there is less shifting
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
accelerator all the way down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power.
between gears).
D When going down a steep hill.
NOTICE:
If your vehicle seems to start up rather slowly,
or if it seems not to shift gears as you go faster,
something may be wrong with a transaxle
system sensor. If you drive very far that way,
your vehicle can be damaged. So, if this happens,
have your vehicle serviced right away. Until then,
you can use SECOND (2) when you are driving
less than 35 mph (55 km/h) and AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (D) for higher speeds.
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power, but
lower fuel economy. You can use SECOND (2) on hills.
It can help control your speed as you go down steep
mountain roads, but then you would also want to use
your brakes off and on.
2-45
NOTICE:
Don’t drive in SECOND (2) for more than 25 miles
(40 km), or at speeds over 55 mph (90 km/h), or
you can damage your transaxle. Use THIRD (3)
or AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D) as much as
possible. Don’t shift into SECOND (2) unless you
are going slower than 65 mph (105 km/h) or you
can damage your engine.
NOTICE:
If your vehicle seems to start up rather slowly,
or if it seems not to shift gears as you go faster,
something may be wrong with a transaxle system
sensor. If you drive very far that way, your vehicle
can be damaged. So, if this happens, have your
vehicle serviced right away. Until then, you can use
SECOND (2) when you are driving less than 35 mph
(55 km/h) and THIRD (3) for higher speeds.
2-46
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
(but lower fuel economy) than SECOND (2). You can
use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud.
If the selector lever is put in FIRST (1), the transaxle
won’t downshift into first gear until the vehicle is going
slow enough.
NOTICE:
If your front wheels can’t rotate, don’t try to
drive. This might happen if you were stuck in
very deep sand or mud or were up against a
solid object. You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could overheat and damage the
transaxle. Use your brakes or shift into PARK (P)
to hold your vehicle in position on a hill.
Parking Brake
To set the parking brake,
hold the regular brake
pedal down with your
right foot and push down
on the parking brake pedal
with your left foot.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot while you push down on the
parking brake pedal with your left foot. (To release the
tension on the parking brake cable, you will need to apply
about the same amount of pressure to the parking brake
pedal as you did when you set the parking brake.) When
you remove your foot from the parking brake pedal, it
will pop up to the released position.
NOTICE:
If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will come on. See “Brake System Warning Light” in
the Index.
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to
replace them, and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill,
see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section shows
what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
2-47
Shifting Into PARK (P)
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) like this:
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. If
you have left the engine running, the vehicle can
move suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even when
you’re on fairly level ground, use the steps that
follow. If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a
Trailer” in the Index.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake with your left foot.
2-48
D Pull the lever toward you.
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
CAUTION:
D Move the lever up as far as it will go.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. And, if you
leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unless you have to.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the
regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move the
shift lever away from PARK (P) without first pulling it
toward you. If you can, it means that the shift lever
wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
2-49
Torque Lock
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into
PARK (P)” in the Index.
Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P), when the
ignition is in RUN.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out
of PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever -- push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you want. If you ever
hold the brake pedal down but still can’t shift out of
PARK (P), try this:
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have
another vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some
of the pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle,
so you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
As you step on the brake pedal, while in PARK (P),
you may hear a click from the solenoid of the system.
This ensures that the system is operating properly.
See “Automatic Transaxle Operation” in the Index.
1. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the engine and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
2-50
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
D Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
D Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
D Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
D Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the road or over road debris.
D Repairs weren’t done correctly.
D Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
D Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
D Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-51
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if
ever you have to, here are some things to know.
CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle (see the earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust”).
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the fan switch is at the highest setting. One place
this can happen is a garage. Exhaust -- with
CO -- can come in easily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
(See “Blizzard” in the Index.)
2-52
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer”
in the Index.
Windows
Manual Windows
Use the manual crank to open and close the front windows.
Power Windows (Option)
If you have power windows, the switches on the
driver’s door armrest control the front windows (when
the ignition is in RUN, ACCESSORY or when retained
accessory power (RAP) is active). (See “Retained
Accessory Power” in the Index.) The left switch controls
the driver’s window. The right switch controls the
passenger’s window.
The driver’s power window switch has two down
positions. Push the switch to the first position to
lower the window normally.
To activate the auto-down feature, push the switch all
the way down, then release. The window will lower
completely. To stop the window from lowering all the
way, pull up the front of the switch.
To raise the window, pull up the front of the switch.
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Side Window Latches
Power Rear Quarter Windows (If Equipped)
The rear of the side windows swings open.
To open, pull the latch
forward to release it, then
swing the window outward.
Press the center of the latch
to secure the window in the
open position.
To close, pull the center of the latch forward and then
close the latch. Press the center of the latch to secure
the window in the closed position.
This button, located
in the overhead console
switchbank, is used for
opening and closing
the power rear
quarter windows.
Press the top ribbed side of the button to open the
windows; both windows will open. The windows can be
opened fully or only a portion depending on how long
the button is pushed.
Press the bottom symbol side of the button to close
both windows. The windows can be closed fully or only
a portion depending on how long the button is pushed.
The ignition must be in RUN, ACCESSORY or when
retained accessory power (RAP) is active, to use the
power rear quarter windows. See “Retained Accessory
Power” in the Index.
2-54
Horn
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
You can sound the horn by pressing the horn symbols on
your steering wheel.
Tilt Wheel
A tilt steering wheel allows you to adjust the steering
wheel before you drive. You can also raise it to the
highest level to give your legs more room when you exit
and enter the vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the
steering wheel and pull
the lever located on the
left side of the steering
wheel console.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes your:
Move the steering wheel to a comfortable level, then
release the lever to lock the wheel in place.
D
D
D
D
D
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Windshield Wiper and Washer Control
Cruise Control (Option)
Flash-to-Pass
2-55
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow
you to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up
or down. When the turn is finished, the lever will
return automatically.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash in
the direction of the turn
or lane change.
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrow
flashes faster than normal, a signal bulb may be burned
out and other drivers won’t see your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you
signal a turn, check for burned-out bulbs and check the
fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index).
If you have a trailer towing option with added wiring
for the trailer lamps, the signal indicator will flash at a
normal rate even if a turn signal bulb is burned out.
Check the front and rear turn signal lamps regularly to
make sure they are working.
Turn Signal On Chime
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by
itself when you release it.
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If either turn signal is left on for more than 3/4 mile
(1.2 km), a chime will sound to let the driver know to
turn it off.
If you need to leave the signal on for more than 3/4 mile
(1.2 km), turn off the signal and then turn it back on.
Headlamp High/Low Beam Changer
To change the headlamps from high to low beam, or
low to high, simply pull the turn signal lever all the way
toward you. Then release it.
When the high beams
are on, this light on the
instrument panel cluster
will also be on.
Flash-to-Pass
When the headlamps are off, pull the lever toward you
to momentarily switch on the high beams (to signal that
you are going to pass). When you release the lever, they
will turn off.
Windshield Wipers
You control the windshield wipers by turning the band
marked WIPER.
For a single wiping cycle, turn the band to MIST. Hold
it there until the wipers start, then let go. The wipers will
stop after one cycle. If you want more cycles, hold the
band on mist longer.
For delayed wiping cycles, you can set the wiper speed
for a long or short delay between wipes. This can be
very useful in light rain or snow. Turn the band to
choose the delay time. The closer to LOW, the shorter
the delay time.
For steady wiping cycles, at low speed, turn the band
away from you to the LOW position. For high-speed
wiping, turn the band further to HIGH. To stop the
wipers, turn the band to OFF.
Remember that damaged wiper blades may prevent
you from seeing well enough to drive safely. To avoid
damage, be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper
blades before using them. If they’re frozen to the
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades
do become damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wipers. A circuit
breaker will stop them until the motor cools. Clear away
snow or ice to prevent an overload.
2-57
Windshield Washer
To wash your windshield, press and hold the windshield
washer paddle. The washers and wipers will operate.
When you release the paddle, the washers will stop, and
the wipers will continue to operate for two cycles, unless
your wipers had already been on. In that case, the wipers
will resume the wiper speed you had selected earlier.
Rear Window Washer/Wiper
The rear window
wiper switch is located
in the instrument
panel switchbank.
CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
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Push the wiper symbol on the bottom of the button to
turn on the intermittent wiper. To turn off the wiper,
gently push the top of the button.
To wash and wipe the rear window, push in the washer
symbol on the top of the button. Washer fluid will spray
as long as the button is held in. When the top of the
button is released, the wiper will continue to cycle three
more times. There is only on washer fluid reservoir for
the front and rear windshield wipers. See “Windshield
Washer Fluid” in the Index.
To wash the rear window when the rear wiper is already
on, push on the top of the button with the wash symbol
on it. Push in the bottom of the button to continue
the intermittent wiper cycle after the washing cycle
is completed.
Cruise Control (Option)
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can really help on long trips.
Cruise control does not work at speeds below about
25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control disengages.
CAUTION:
D Cruise control can be dangerous where you
D
can’t drive safely at a steady speed. So, don’t
use your cruise control on winding roads or
in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on slippery
roads. On such roads, fast changes in tire
traction can cause needless wheel spinning,
and you could lose control. Don’t use cruise
control on slippery roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. (See “Traction
Control System” in the Index.) When road conditions
allow you to safely use it again, you may turn the cruise
control back on.
2-59
Setting Cruise Control
1. Move the cruise control switch to ON.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control switch on when
you’re not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you don’t want to. You
could be startled and even lose control. Keep the
cruise control switch off until you want to use
cruise control.
3. Push in the SET button at the end of the lever and
release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
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Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This, of course, shuts
off the cruise control. But you don’t need to reset it.
Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise control switch from ON to
RESUME/ACCEL (R/A) briefly.
You’ll go right back up to your chosen speed and
stay there.
D Move the cruise switch from ON to R/A. Hold it
there until you get up to the speed you want, and
then release the switch. (To increase your speed in
very small amounts, move the switch to R/A briefly
and then release it. Each time you do this, your
vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.)
The accelerate feature will work whether or not you
have set an initial cruise control speed.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
If you hold the switch at R/A, the vehicle will keep
going faster until you release the switch or apply the
brake. So unless you want to go faster, don’t hold the
switch at R/A.
There are two ways to reduce speed while using
cruise control:
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
D To slow down in very small amounts, push the
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
D Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
Push the SET button at the end of the lever, then
release the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll
now cruise at the higher speed.
D Push in the SET button at the end of the lever until
you reach the lower speed you want, then release it.
SET button briefly. Each time you do this, you’ll
go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
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Using Cruise Control on Hills
Exterior Lamps
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brake
takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on
steep hills.
Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:
D Step lightly on the brake pedal, or
D move the cruise switch to OFF.
Erasing Cruise Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
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Turning the dial to this setting turns on:
D
D
D
D
Parking Lamps
Sidemarker Lamps
Taillamps
Instrument Panel Lights
Turning the dial to this setting turns on the
headlamps, together with:
D
D
D
D
Parking Lamps
Sidemarker Lamps
Taillamps
Instrument Panel Lights
Turning the dial to this setting turns off all the lamps
and lights.
Lamps on Reminder
If the driver’s door is opened and you turn the ignition
to OFF or LOCK while leaving the lamps on, you will
hear a warning chime.
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier
for others to see the front of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn and before sunset.
A light sensor on top of the instrument panel makes the
DRL work, so be sure it isn’t covered. The DRL system
will make your front parking and turn signal lamps
come on in daylight when:
D The ignition is on,
D the headlamp switch is off, and
D the parking brake is released.
When the DRL are on, only your front parking and
turn signal lamps will be on. Your instrument panel
won’t be lit up.
When it’s dark enough outside, the exterior lamps will
come on automatically. When it’s bright enough outside,
the exterior lamps will go out and the DRL will turn on.
Of course, you may still turn on the headlamps any time
you need to.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL, set the parking brake
while the ignition is in OFF or LOCK. Then start the
vehicle. The DRL will stay off until you release the
parking brake.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
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Fog Lamps
The fog lamps switch is
located in the instrument
panel switchbank. Push the
fog lamp symbol on the
switch to turn on the lamps.
When your DRL are on, the headlamp switch must first be
turned from the off position before the fog lamps can be
turned on. At night, when the light sensor automatically
turns on your headlamps, the fog lamps can be turned
on when the headlamps switch is in any position.
Your fog lamps will go off when you switch to high beams.
Using your high beams in fog is not recommended.
Interior Lamps
Instrument Panel Intensity Control
The indicator light will glow when the fog lamps are on.
Push the ribbed part of the switch to turn them off.
The indicator light will go off.
Your parking lamps or headlamps must be on for your
fog lamps to go on.
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Turn the control, located below the headlamps switch,
clockwise to increase the brightness of the instrument
panel lights, and counterclockwise to decrease the
brightness. Turn the control all the way
counterclockwise to turn them off.
Interior Lamps Control
Turn the dial all the way clockwise to turn on the
interior lamps, if the interior lamps override switch is
off. Turn the dial counterclockwise to turn the lamps off.
Interior Lamps Override Switch
This switch is located
in the overhead
console switchbank.
Illuminated Entry
With illuminated entry, the interior of your vehicle is
illuminated so you can see inside before you enter your
vehicle. The lamps will come on for 40 seconds if you
unlock your door using your key or the remote keyless
entry transmitter (if equipped) and the ignition is in
LOCK or OFF. After 40 seconds have passed, the
interior lamps will slowly fade out. The lamps will turn
off before the 40 seconds if you:
D Lock all the doors using the key,
D press LOCK on the power door lock switch, or
D press LOCK on the remote keyless entry transmitter
(if equipped).
Press the symbol on the bottom of the switch to
override control of the interior lamps and turn off power
to the courtesy lamps, reading lamps, visor vanity lamps
(if equipped) and glove box lamp. This feature allows
you to have the lamps off when any door is open.
When any door is opened, illuminated entry is cancelled.
The interior lamps will stay on while any door or liftgate
is open, and slowly fade out when all doors and the
liftgate are closed.
Press the top of the interior lamps override switch to
turn power back on to the interior lamps. This will allow
the lamps to stay on when any door is open.
The interior lamps may stay on for up to 25 seconds
after all doors have been closed if they have not been
locked. See “Delayed Illumination” next in this section.
To turn the exit lighting feature off or on, see “Multifunction
Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices” in the Index.
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Delayed Illumination
Exit Lighting
The delayed illumination feature will continue to
illuminate the interior for 25 seconds after all doors
have been closed so that you can find your ignition
and buckle your safety belt at night. Delayed
illumination will not occur while the ignition is in
RUN or ACCESSORY. After 25 seconds have
passed, the interior lamps will slowly fade out.
The lamps will fade out before the 25 seconds have
passed if you:
With exit lighting, the interior lamps will come on for
about 25 seconds whenever you remove the key from
the ignition. If you turn the ignition key to RUN or
ACCESSORY, the lamps will fade out. The lamps
will also fade out if you lock the doors with the power
door lock switch or the remote keyless entry transmitter
(if equipped).
D Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY,
D lock all doors using the remote keyless entry
transmitter (if equipped), or
When any door is opened, exit lighting is cancelled.
The interior lamps will stay on while any door or liftgate
is open, and slowly fade out when all doors and the
liftgate are closed.
D lock all the doors using the power door lock
The interior lamps may stay on for up to 25 seconds
after all doors have been closed if they have not been
locked, see “Delayed Illumination” earlier in this section.
To turn the delayed illumination feature off or on, see
“Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices”
in the Index.
To turn the exit lighting feature off or on, see
“Multifunction Alarm Locks and Lighting Choices”
in the Index.
switch or the key.
2-66
Front Reading Lamps
Rear Reading Lamps
There are two reading lamps in the third row headliner,
above the outboard seating positions.
To turn on or off either reading lamp, press the lens of
the lamp.
If your vehicle does not have dual sliding doors, there is
also a reading lamp in the second row, integrated with
the dome lamp.
To turn on or off either reading lamp, press the button
next to the lamp lens.
Dome Lamp
There are two reading lamps in the overhead console.
To turn either reading lamp on or off, press the lens of
the lamp.
The dome lamp is located in the center of your vehicle
and has two buttons of its own to manually turn on
and off the lamps. It will go on each time you open
the doors, unless you turn on the interior lamps
override feature.
These lamps will go on each time you open the doors,
unless you turn on the interior lamps override feature.
2-67
Cargo Lamp
Mirrors
The cargo lamp is located in the rear of your vehicle,
above the liftgate opening, and has no switch of its own.
It will go on each time you open the doors, unless you
turn on the interior lamps override.
Inside Day/Night Rearview Mirror
Battery Saver
Your vehicle has a feature to help prevent you from
draining the battery, in case you accidentally leave the
interior lamps on. If you leave any interior lamps on
while the ignition is in LOCK or OFF, they will
automatically turn off after 10 minutes. The lamps
won’t come back on again until you:
D Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY,
D turn the interior lamps dial all the way clockwise,
then slightly back counterclockwise, or
D open (or close and reopen) a door that is closed.
If your vehicle has less than 15 miles (25 km) on the
odometer, the battery saver will turn off the lamps after
only three minutes.
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To reduce glare from lights behind you, pull the lever
toward you (to the night position). To return the mirror
to the day position, push the lever away from you.
Power Remote Control Mirrors
The control located on the
driver’s door operates both
outside rearview mirrors.
Turn the control counterclockwise to select the
driver’s side rearview mirror, or clockwise to select the
passenger’s side rearview mirror. Then use the control to
adjust each mirror so that you can see a little of the side
of your vehicle when you are sitting in a comfortable
driving position.
If you are not adjusting either mirror, leave the control
in the center off position. This prevents moving the
mirrors accidentally once you have them adjusted.
Both outside mirrors can be folded forward or rearward.
In the rearward position, they will fold almost flush with
the vehicle. This feature is particularly useful in
automatic car washes.
Your mirrors have a blue tint to reduce glare while
driving at night.
Convex Outside Mirror
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex mirror’s
surface is curved so you can see more from the driver’s seat.
CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
Heated Outside Mirrors
The left and right outside mirrors are heated when you
activate the rear window defogger. See “Rear Window
Defogger” in the Index.
2-69
Storage Compartments
Compact Overhead Console
Your vehicle’s large carrying capacity can store many
items. If you have the extended wheelbase version, you
can carry things as large as a 4i x 8i piece of plywood.
You can also use the floor pins that are used to attach the
seats, to secure larger loads.
Glove Box
Your vehicle has a glove box below the instrument
panel. To open the glove box, lift the latch release.
Use the key to lock or unlock the glove box.
The glove box door has a detent to prevent the door
from lowering too far. Open the glove box until the door
is partway open, then pull the door down if you need it
fully open. To close the glove box, the door must be
pushed up past the detent.
In the door of the glove box, you will find a tissue pack
holder and clip for a pen or pencil.
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The front overhead console includes two reading lamps,
a storage compartment and a switchbank.
The switchbank has switches for the optional power
sliding door, power sliding door override, interior lights
override and the power rear quarter windows. For
information on these switches, see each of these features
in the Index.
Overhead Console (If Equipped)
The optional front overhead console has reading lamps,
a switchbank, storage compartments, including one
for your garage door opener and another one for your
sunglasses, and a driver information center (DIC).
The garage door opener and sunglasses storage
compartments are explained on the following pages.
For information on the other features listed see each
of them in the Index.
Garage Door Opener Compartment
You can store your garage door opener in the rear
compartment of your overhead console, and operate it
from this position. To install your garage door opener,
follow these instructions:
1. Open the compartment by pressing the latch forward.
Remove the piece of self-sticking VelcroR.
2. Peel the protective backing from the Velcro and press
it firmly to the back of your garage door opener.
3. Line up the button of the garage door opener with
one of the four buttons on the compartment door.
Make sure the garage door opener button is facing
down and press the opener firmly into place.
2-71
4. Once the opener is installed, use the black pegs inside
the compartment door to make sure the lined area on
the compartment door will contact the control button
on your garage door opener when pressed.
5. Add one peg at a time until your garage door opener
operates with the compartment door closed when
you press the button.
2-72
Sunglasses Storage Compartment
To open the sunglasses storage compartment in the
overhead console, press the release button. Then pull
the compartment down to the full open position.
Storage Bin
Removing and Replacing the Tray
At the base of the center instrument panel console, there
is a storage bin. To open the bin, lift the latch release
and the door will fold down.
Inside the bin, you will find a tray that slides out. Slide
the tray all the way toward the rear of the vehicle until
the tray locks onto the plastic tabs at the end of the guide
rails. The trays hold CDs or cassettes in the center area.
You can also store cassettes in the left side area. The
right side area can hold either the coinholder, which lifts
out, or another cassette. The tray can be removed for
cleaning or when you want to replace the selection of
CDs or cassettes. Slide the tray back into the storage bin
before closing the bin door. The tray can also be placed
in the glove box for locked storage if desired.
To remove the tray, slide it almost all the way out. Don’t
let the tray lock over the plastic tabs at the end of the
guide rails (A). Lift the tray out of the guide rails. The
rubber mat under the tray also lifts out for cleaning.
When the rubber mat is put back in, be sure the tabs at
the back of the mat are seated in the slots at the back of
the storage bin.
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The dividers in the tray can be removed by squeezing
the plastic tabs on the bottom of the dividers, while
pulling up. Put the dividers back in by sliding them
down until the tabs click into place.
To reinstall the tray, line up the guides on the bottom
of the tray with the guide rails in the storage bin door.
Slide the tray back in.
Front Seat Storage Bin
The storage bin is located under the manual front
passenger’s seat. To open the bin, lift the handle and
slide the drawer out.
To use the cupholders, simply pull down the tray.
Keep the trays up when not in use.
Your vehicle also has cupholders on the driver’s side of
the vehicle, next to the third row seats. The seatbacks
have cupholders that can be used when the seatbacks are
folded down.
Saddlebag (Option)
The optional saddlebag provides extra storage space.
It is found in the rear of your vehicle. It is designed to
be stored in the side convenience nets.
Cupholders
Rear Storage Compartments and
Cupholders
There are cupholders on the inboard side of the front
passenger’s seat and the right side of the second row
bench seat.
Your vehicle has a storage compartment and cupholder
on either side of the vehicle, next to the third row seat(s).
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Convenience Net (Option)
The optional convenience net is designed to help keep
small loads, like grocery bags, from falling over during
sharp turns or quick stops and starts. Install the
convenience net at the rear of your vehicle, just inside
the liftgate.
Attach the upper loops to the posts on either side of the
liftgate opening (the label on the net should be in the
upper left-hand corner). Attach the lower hooks to the
metal rings on the floor.
The side of the convenience net closest to the front of the
vehicle is higher than the side closest to the liftgate. Once
you’ve loaded items into the net, stretch the higher side of the
net up and over the top of the load to hold it firmly in place.
The convenience net has a maximum capacity of 100 lbs.
(45 kg). It is not designed to hold larger, heavier loads.
Store such loads on the floor of your vehicle, as far
forward as you can.
When not in use, it is recommend that you take down the
convenience net to extend its life and retain its elasticity,
and to keep the rear exit clear. Store the net in the pouch
behind either front seat, in the optional saddlebag or in
one of the side convenience nets.
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Side Convenience Nets
Front Seat Storage Net
The side convenience nets are designed to hold smaller
items (about 8 lbs. (4 kg.)) than the large convenience
net. Attach the loops to the posts on the rear side panels,
near the jack storage area.
There is a storage net that stretches between the front
seats. Pull the hooks towards the passenger’s seat and
insert them into the holes next to the cupholder.
When not in use, it is recommend that you take down
the convenience nets to extend their life and retain
their elasticity.
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To store the net, lift the hooks up and out of the holes.
The net does not detach from the driver’s seat.
When not in use, it is recommend that you unhook the
net to extend its life and retain its elasticity.
Luggage Carrier (Option)
CAUTION:
If you try to carry something on top of your
vehicle that is longer or wider than the luggage
carrier -- like paneling, plywood, a mattress, and
so forth -- the wind can catch it as you drive
along. This can cause you to lose control. What
you are carrying could be violently torn off, and
this could cause you or other drivers to have a
collision, and of course damage your vehicle. You
may be able to carry something like this inside.
But, never carry something longer or wider than
the luggage carrier on top of your vehicle.
If you have the optional luggage carrier, you can load
things on top of your vehicle. The luggage carrier has
slats and side rails attached to the roof, as well as sliding
crossrails and places to use for tying things down. These
let you load some things on top of your vehicle, as long
as they are not wider or longer than the luggage carrier.
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Don’t exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when
loading your vehicle. For more information on vehicle
capacity and loading, see “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you’re driving,
check now and then to make sure the luggage carrier and
cargo are still securely fastened.
Your luggage carrier has
release knobs set in the
ends of each crossrail.
NOTICE:
Loading cargo that weighs more than 150 lbs. (68 kg)
on the luggage carrier may damage your vehicle.
When you carry cargo on the luggage carrier of a
proper size and weight, put it on the slats, as far
forward as you can. Then slide the crossrail up
against the rear of the load, to help keep it from
moving. You can then tie it down.
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Turn the release knobs counterclockwise to unlock the
crossrails. Slide the crossrails forward or back, as
needed, to accommodate loads of various sizes.
After repositioning the crossrails, be sure to tighten the
release knobs by turning them clockwise. This will lock
the crossrails in place.
Use the tie-down loops on
the slider to help secure
large loads.
NOTICE:
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while it is heating. If you do, it won’t be able to
back away from the heating element when it’s
ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the
lighter and the heating element.
NOTICE:
Ashtray and Cigarette Lighter
The ashtray and cigarette lighter are located below the
instrument panel switchbank in the instrument panel,
below the switchbank. Pull out the drawer to use
the ashtray.
To remove the ashtray for cleaning, grasp the edge of
the ashtray with your fingertips and pull up and out,
in a rocking motion.
To use the lighter, push it in all the way and let go.
When it’s ready, it will pop back out by itself.
Don’t put papers and other things that burn
into your ashtrays. If you do, cigarettes or other
smoking materials could set them on fire,
causing damage.
Side Ashtrays
To open the ashtray, press the left side and flip it open.
To remove the ashtray for cleaning, press the snuffer as
you lift up the bottom of the ashtray.
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Sun Visors
To block out glare, you can swing down the visors. You
can also remove them from the center mount and swing
them to the side.
Visor Vanity Mirrors
Pull down the sun visor. Flip up the cover to expose the
vanity mirror.
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirrors (If Equipped)
Pull down the sun visor. Flip up the cover to expose the
vanity mirror. The lamps will come on when you open
the cover.
Accessory Inflator System (Option)
Your vehicle may be equipped with an air inflator.
With it, you can inflate things like air mattresses and
basketballs, and you can also use it to bring your tires
up to the proper pressure.
The air inflator is located in the rear compartment on the
driver’s side. To remove the cover, pull the tab on the
cover and pull it off.
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The air inflator kit is stored in the glove box or in the
rear saddlebag, if your vehicle has this option. It includes
a 20-foot (6 m) hose with an air pressure gage and
nozzle adapters.
CAUTION:
Inflating something too much can make it explode,
and you or others could be injured. Be sure to read
the inflator instructions, and inflate any object
only to its recommended pressure.
To use your air inflator system, the engine must be
running or the ignition key in ACCESSORY. Attach the
appropriate nozzle adapter, if required, to the end of the
hose that has the pressure gage. Then attach that end of
the hose to the object you wish to inflate. Remove the
protective cap covering the outlet. Attach the other end
of the hose to the outlet. Press the ON switch.
If the air inflator system does not turn on, the fuse may
be blown or installed incorrectly. See “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index or see your dealer for service.
Your air inflator will automatically shut off after about
10 minutes. To reset, press the ON switch again.
Don’t run your air inflator for longer than 30 minutes
at one time. If you do, you may damage the system.
After 30 minutes, wait at least 10 minutes before
restarting the air inflator.
To turn off the inflator, press OFF and detach the hose,
first from the inflated object, then from the outlet.
Replace the protective cap. Place the inflator kit tools
in the pouch, and store in the glove box.
To replace the cover, line up the tabs at the back of the
cover and put it in place. Push down the tab to secure
the cover.
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Accessory Power Outlets
Power outlets can be used to plug in electrical equipment
such as a cellular telephone, CB radio, etc. Follow the
proper installation instructions that are included with any
electrical equipment you install.
The front power outlet is located next to the ashtray
and lighter. Pull the cover down to use the power outlet.
When not in use, replace the cover.
The rear power outlet is located in the rear compartment
on the driver’s side. To remove the cover, pull the tab on
the cover and pull it off.
To replace the cover on the rear outlet, line up the tabs
at the back of the cover and put the cover in place.
Push down the tab to secure the cover.
When not in use, always cover the rear outlet with the
protective cap.
NOTICE:
When using the accessory power outlets:
D Maximum load of any electrical equipment
should not exceed 20 amps.
D Be sure to turn off any electrical equipment
when not in use. Leaving electrical
equipment on for extended periods can
drain your battery.
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OnStarR System (If Equipped)
OnStar is a vehicle communications service. The
following services are available through a subscription
with OnStar and are available 24 hours a day:
Emergency Services
D
D
D
D
D
D
Automatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment
Theft Notification and Stolen-Vehicle Tracking
Roadside Assistance with Location
Convenience Services
D
D
D
D
Remote Door Unlock
Route Support
Concierge Services
Ride Assist
A complete user’s guide is provided with the OnStar
System. For more information contact OnStar
at 1-888-ONSTAR7.
Remote Diagnostics
OnStar MED-NET
Accident Assist
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The Instrument Panel -- Your Information System
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The main components of the instrument panel are:
A. Side Vents
M. Ignition Switch
B. Front Vents
N. Steering Wheel Touch Controls (Option)
C. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
O. Climate Controls
D. Hazard Warning Flashers Switch
P. Rear Fan Controls (Option)
E. Instrument Panel Cluster
Q. Accessory Power Outlet
F. Center Vents
R. Storage Bin
G. Audio System
S. Instrument Panel Switchbank
H. Side Vents
T. Ashtray and Cigarette Lighter
I. Lamp Switch
U. Glove Box
J. Hood Release
V. Front Vents
K. Steering Wheel Touch Controls (Option)
W. Instrument Panel Fuse Block
L. Horn
2-85
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using, and many other things you’ll need to drive safely and economically.
The indicator warning lights and gages are explained on the following pages.
United States shown, Canada similar
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Speedometer and Tamper Resistant Odometer
Dual Trip Odometers
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your
odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven,
in either miles (used in the United States) or kilometers
(used in Canada).
Your vehicle has a tamper-resistant odometer.
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. If the new one can be set to the
mileage total of the old odometer, then that will be done.
If it can’t, then it’s set at zero and a label must be put on
the driver’s door to show the old mileage reading when
the new odometer was installed.
If your vehicle has the optional driver information
center (DIC), you may toggle the odometer to either
miles (used in the United States) or kilometers (used in
Canada). See “Driver Information Center” in the Index.
In addition to the standard odometer, the cluster can also
display two separate trip odometers (designated by the
letter “A” or “B” in the display window). The display can
be toggled between the odometer and the trip odometers
by quickly pressing and releasing the trip/reset button
located to the right of the temperature gage. The display
toggles once each time the trip/reset button is pressed
for less than 1.5 seconds. The display toggles in the
following sequence: Odometer - Trip Odometer A - Trip
Odometer B. Each of the two trip odometers can be used
to keep track of different trip distances (for example,
the mileage of a long trip and the mileage driven on the
current tank of fuel). The trip odometers will continue
to keep track of miles (kilometers) driven even if they
are not currently displayed. To reset the odometer to
zero (0), push and hold the trip/reset button for at least
1.5 seconds, but less than 3 seconds. Only the trip
odometer that is showing in the display will be reset.
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Retro-Active Reset
Each of the two trip odometers has a feature called
retro-active reset. This feature can be used to set
either (or both) trip odometer(s) to the number of
miles (kilometers) driven since the ignition was last
turned on. This can be used if you forget to reset your
trip odometer at the beginning of a trip. To use the
retro-active reset feature, push and hold the trip/reset
button for at least 3 seconds. The trip odometer will then
display the number of miles (kilometers) driven since
the ignition was last turned on and you began driving.
(If you use the retro-active reset feature after you have
started the vehicle, but before you begin moving, the
display will show the number of miles (kilometers) you
drove during the last ignition cycle.) Once you begin
driving, the trip odometer will accumulate mileage.
For example, if you have driven 5.0 miles (8.0 km)
since you started your vehicle, and then activate the
retro-active reset feature, the display will show
5.0 miles (8.0 km). As you drive, the display will then
increase to 5.1 miles (8.2 km), 5.2 miles (8.4 km), etc.
Only the trip odometer that is displayed will be effected
by the retro-active reset so that both trip odometers can
be used separately.
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Tachometer
The tachometer displays the
engine speed in revolutions
per minute (rpm).
NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in
the red area, or engine damage may occur.
Warning Lights, Gages, Messages
and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Your vehicle also has a message center that works along
with the warning lights and gages. See “Message
Center” in the Index.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime will
come on for about eight seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety belts.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay
on for about 70 seconds.
If the driver’s belt is
already buckled, neither
the chime nor the light
will come on.
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Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows an air bag symbol. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. The
system check includes the air bag sensor, the air bag
modules, the wiring and the diagnostic module. For
more information on the air bag system, see “Air Bag”
in the Index.
This light will come on
when you start your vehicle,
and it will flash for a few
seconds. Then the light
should go out. This means
the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air bag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
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CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle
serviced right away if the air bag readiness light
stays on after you start your vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few seconds
when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the light
doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be ready
to warn you if there is a problem.
Brake System Warning Light
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will come on when you set your parking brake. The light
will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release fully.
If it stays on after your parking brake is fully released,
it means you have a brake problem.
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to RUN. If it doesn’t come on then,
have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s
a problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have
the vehicle towed for service. (See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” and “Towing Your Vehicle”
in the Index.)
If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.
CAUTION:
United States
Canada
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the light is still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
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Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
The anti-lock brake
system warning light
should come on for a
few seconds when you
turn the ignition key
to RUN.
If the anti-lock brake system warning light stays on
longer than normal after you’ve started your engine, turn
the ignition off. Or, if the light comes on and stays on
when you’re driving, stop as soon as possible and turn
the ignition off. Then start the engine again to reset the
system. If the light still stays on, or comes on again while
you’re driving, the anti-lock brake system needs service
and you don’t have anti-lock brakes. The brake pedal
may be harder to push, or it may go to the floor. It may
take longer to stop. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
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Traction Control System Warning
Light (Option)
The traction control system warning light may come on
for the following reasons:
D If you turn the system off by pressing the TCS
button located in the center console switchbank the
warning light will come on and stay on. To turn the
system back on, press the button again. The warning
light should go off. (See “Traction Control System”
in the Index for more information.)
D If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
related to traction control, the traction control system
will turn off and the warning light will come on. If
your brakes begin to overheat, the traction control
system will turn off and the warning light will come
on until your brakes cool down.
D If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off
and the warning light will come on.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
It means that your engine coolant has overheated. If you
have been operating your vehicle under normal driving
conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Service Engine Soon Light in the United
States or Check Engine Light in Canada)
United States
United States
Canada
This gage shows the engine coolant temperature. If the gage
pointer moves into the red area, your engine is too hot!
Canada
Your vehicle is equipped with a computer which
monitors operation of the fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
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This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the life
of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner environment.
The SERVICE ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE
light comes on to indicate that there is a problem and
service is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated
by the system before any problem is apparent. This may
prevent more serious damage to your vehicle. This
system is also designed to assist your service technician
in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
good and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
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NOTICE:
Modifications made to the engine, transaxle,
exhaust or fuel system of your vehicle or the
replacement of the original tires with other than
those of the same Tire Performance Criteria
(TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission
controls and may cause the SERVICE ENGINE
SOON or CHECK ENGINE light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to
costly repairs not covered by your warranty.
This may also result in a failure to pass a
required Emission Inspection/Maintenance test.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in
one of two ways:
D Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
D
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
Light On Steady -- An emission control
system malfunction has been detected on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light
Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your
dealer or qualified service center for service.
If the Light Is On Steady
If the Light Is Flashing
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
D
D
D
D
Reducing vehicle speed.
Avoiding hard accelerations.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See “Filling Your Tank” in the Index. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been
left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing fuel
cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
A few driving trips with the cap properly installed
should turn the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
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Are you low on fuel?
As your engine starts to run out of fuel, your engine
may not run as efficiently as designed since small
amounts of air are sucked into the fuel line causing a
misfire. The system can detect this. Adding fuel should
correct this condition. Make sure to install the fuel cap
properly. See “Filling Your Tank” in the Index.
It will take a few driving trips to turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel (see
“Fuel” in the Index). Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you put
the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on acceleration
or stumbling on acceleration. (These conditions may
go away once the engine is warmed up.) This will be
detected by the system and cause the light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
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Emissions Inspection and Maintenance Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have
or may begin programs to inspect the emission
control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass
this inspection could prevent you from getting a
vehicle registration.
Here are some things you need to know in order to
help your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
SERVICE ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE
light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
(on-board diagnostic) system determines that critical
emission control systems have not been completely
diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be
considered not ready for inspection. This can happen
if you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is designed
to evaluate critical emission control systems during
normal driving. This may take several days of routine
driving. If you have done this and your vehicle still
does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system
readiness, see your dealer or qualified service center to
prepare the vehicle for inspection.
If your fuel is low, the warning message in the message
center will go on. See “Low Fuel Warning Message”
later in this section.
Fuel Gage
Your fuel gage tells you about how much fuel you have
left when the ignition is on.
Here are four things that some owners ask about. All
these things are normal and do not indicate that anything
is wrong with the fuel gage.
D At the gas station, the gas pump shuts off before the
gage reads FULL (F).
D It takes a little more (or less) fuel to fill up than the
United States
Canada
When the indicator nears EMPTY (E), you still have a
little fuel left, but you should get more soon.
gage reads. For example, the gage reads half full, but
it took more (or less) than half of the tank’s capacity
to fill it.
D The gage pointer may move while cornering, braking
or speeding up.
D The gage may not indicate EMPTY (E) when the
ignition is turned off.
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Message Center
The message center is located in the instrument panel
cluster. It gives you important safety and maintenance facts.
Charging System Indicator Message
The charging system
battery symbol will come
on in the message center
when you turn on the
ignition as a check to
show you it is working.
It will remain on as long as the engine is not running.
It should go out once the engine is running. If it stays
on, or comes on while you are driving, you may have a
problem with the charging system. It could indicate
that you have problems with a generator drive belt, or
another electrical problem. Have it checked right away.
Driving while this indicator appears in the message
center could drain your battery.
If you must drive a short distance with the message on,
be certain to turn off all your accessories, such as the
radio and air conditioner.
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Service Traction System Warning
Message (Option)
If your vehicle has the
traction control system and
this message is displayed
when you’re driving, there
may be a problem with your
traction control system.
Your vehicle may need service.
When this message is displayed, the traction control system
will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The message may appear for the following reasons:
D If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
related to traction control, the traction control system
will turn off and the warning message will come on.
If your brakes begin to overheat, the traction control
system will turn off and the warning message will
come on until your brakes cool down.
D If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off
and the warning message will come on.
If the traction control system warning message comes
on and stays on for an extended period of time when
the system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
Traction Active Message (Option)
If your vehicle has the
traction control system,
the TRACTION ACTIVE
message will appear when
the traction control system
is limiting wheel spin.
You may feel or hear the system working, but this
is normal.
Slippery road conditions may exist if this message
appears, so adjust your driving accordingly. The
message will stay on for a few seconds after the traction
control system stops limiting wheel spin.
The TRACTION ACTIVE message also comes on
briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
message doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will
be there to tell you when the traction control system
is active.
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Message
This message will come
on when your engine
gets too hot.
If this message comes on, it means that your engine
coolant has overheated. If you have been operating
your vehicle under normal driving conditions, you
should pull off the road, stop your vehicle and turn
off the engine as soon as possible.
See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
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Low Coolant Level Warning Message
If this message comes on,
your system is low on
coolant and the engine
may overheat.
See “Engine Coolant” in the Index and have your
vehicle serviced as soon as possible.
When the engine is running and this message appears
on, the engine oil level may be too low. There may also
be another problem causing low oil pressure.
CAUTION:
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If you
do, your engine can become so hot that it catches
fire. You or others could be burned. Check your oil
as soon as possible and have your vehicle serviced.
Low Oil Pressure Message
Your vehicle is
equipped with a LOW
OIL PRESSURE
warning message.
Your oil pressure message lets you know when you may
have a problem with your engine oil pressure.
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NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil problems
can be costly and is not covered by your warranty.
Low Engine Oil Level Message
Power Sliding Door Warning Message
If this message comes on,
it means your engine is
low on oil.
This message will come on
if the power sliding door is
not completely closed and
the ignition is turned to
RUN or START.
You need to check the oil level right away. Have your
vehicle serviced immediately.
If you shift the transaxle out of PARK (P) while the
power sliding door is open or in the process of closing,
and the power sliding door is turned off, a buzzer will
sound. This is a warning that the power sliding door is
not completely closed.
Change Engine Oil Message
If this CHANGE ENGINE
OIL message comes on
and stays on after you
started the engine,
have the oil changed.
For additional information, see “Engine Oil, When to
Change” in the Index. After changing the engine oil the
system must be reset. See “How to Reset the Change
Engine Oil Message” in the Index.
CAUTION:
If you shift the transaxle out of PARK (P) and
accelerate before the power sliding door latches
closed, the door may reverse to the open position.
A child or others could fall out of the vehicle and
be injured. Always make sure the power sliding
door is closed and latched before you drive away.
2-101
Door Ajar Warning Message
This message will come on
when the ignition is turned
to RUN or START and
the driver’s or passenger’s
door is open.
It may also come on if a sliding door is not in the fully
latched position.
Rear Hatch Ajar Warning Message
This message will come on
when the ignition is turned
to RUN or START and the
rear hatch is open.
PASS-KeyR III Security Message
If you are ever driving and
this message comes on and
stays on, you will be able to
restart your engine if you
turn it off.
Your PASS-Key III system, however, is not working
properly and must be serviced by your dealer. Your
vehicle is not protected by the PASS-Key III system
at this time.
Low Fuel Warning Message
If your fuel is low, the
warning message will
come on and stay on
until you add fuel.
If the warning message is still on after adding fuel, you
need to reset the warning message. To reset the warning
message, turn the ignition to OFF then to ON. If the
message stays on, see your dealer right away.
2-102
Driver Information Center (DIC)
(Option)
D E/M (English/Metric Button): You can change
the display to a metric or English reading at any time
by pressing E/M. This button will also toggle the
odometer display.
D MODE: Press this button to cycle through three
modes of operation -- off, compass/temperature
and trip computer mode.
In the trip computer mode, pressing the MODE
button cycles through the five displays. Press the
MODE button after the last trip computer display
to return the DIC to the OFF mode.
Off: No driver information is displayed in this mode
of operation.
The DIC will show information about the vehicle and
the surroundings.
Compass/Temperature Mode: One of eight
compass readings and the outside temperature are
displayed. If the temperature is below 38_F (3_C),
the temperature reading will toggle between displaying
the outside temperature and the word “ICE” for
two minutes.
2-103
Compass Variance
Compass variance is the difference between magnetic
north and geographic north. In some areas of the
country, the difference is great enough to cause the
compass to give false readings. If this occurs, the
compass variance must be set.
Setting the Variance
Turn the ignition on and cycle the DIC to the
compass/temperature mode. Press both the E/M and
MODE buttons simultaneously for approximately five
seconds. The last entered variance zone number will
be displayed. Press the E/M button until the proper
variance number, as shown on the map, is showing.
Press the MODE button to set the new variance zone
and resume normal operation.
The display will show all the display segments briefly to
acknowledge the change in zone number.
Automatic Compass Calibration
The compass is self-calibrating, which eliminates the
need to manually set the compass. When the vehicle is
new, the calibration process may not be complete. In
these cases the calibration symbol “C” will be displayed
where the compass reading is normally displayed.
To calibrate the compass, in an area free from large metal
objects, make three 360_ turns. The calibration symbol
will turn off and the compass reading will be displayed.
Manual Compass Calibration
If the compass appears erratic and the calibration
symbol does not appear, you must manually put the
compass into the calibration mode.
2-104
Turn the ignition on and cycle the DIC to the
compass/temperature mode. Press both the E/M and
MODE buttons simultaneously for at least 10 seconds
until the calibration symbol appears. Release both
buttons and complete three 360_ turns in an area free
from large metal objects. The calibration symbol will
turn off and the compass reading will be displayed.
Error Displays
D An error of the vehicle’s speed sensor or fuel sender
will cause -E- to be displayed.
D In the absence of vehicle communications, a double
dash “--” is displayed.
If one of these error messages appear, see your dealer.
Trip Computer
There are five trip computer displays which may be
stepped through by pushing the MODE button.
The information will appear in the following order:
D AVG ECON (Average Fuel Economy): This shows
D INST ECON (Instantaneous Fuel Economy):
This shows fuel economy for the most recent second
of driving.
D RANGE (Trip Range): This shows the estimated
distance that can be traveled with the remaining fuel.
The fuel economy used to calculate range is based on
the last few hours of driving.
D FUEL USED (Trip Fuel Used): This shows the
accumulated fuel used since the last reset.
D AVG SPEED (Average Speed): This shows the
average speed since the last reset.
Resetting the Trip Computer
Press and hold the MODE and E/M buttons for at least
two seconds. The reset is acknowledged with the display
showing all segments on briefly. A reset can only be
done in AVG ECON, FUEL USED and AVG SPEED
displays. AVG ECON, FUEL USED and AVG SPEED
can be reset independently. Only the mode that is
displayed will be reset.
the average fuel economy since the last reset.
2-105
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your vehicle.
Be sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-4
3-5
3-5
3-8
3-9
3-9
3-9
3-9
3-12
3-20
Comfort Controls
Air Conditioning
Heating
Defogging and Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger (If Equipped)
Rear Climate Control (Option)
Ventilation System
Audio Systems
Setting the Clock for AM-FM Stereo
(Canada Only)
Setting the Clock for All Systems Except
AM-FM Stereo
AM-FM Stereo (Canada Only)
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
with Programmable Equalization and Radio
Data Systems (RDS) (If Equipped)
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player
with Programmable Equalization and Radio
Data Systems (RDS) (If Equipped)
3-
3-26
3-35
3-37
3-37
3-38
3-39
3-39
3-40
3-41
3-41
3-41
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Programmable
Equalization and Radio Data Systems (RDS)
(If Equipped)
Rear Seat Audio (If Equipped)
Theft-Deterrent Feature RDS Radios
Theft-Deterrent Feature (If Equipped)
Non-RDS Radios (Canada Only)
Audio Steering Wheel Controls (If Equipped)
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Care of Your Compact Discs
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
Integrated Windshield Antenna
3-1
Comfort Controls
Temperature Knob
This section tells you how to make your air system work
for you.
The center knob controls the temperature of the air
coming through the system. Turn it clockwise (toward
the red area) for warmer air. Turn it counterclockwise
(toward the blue area) for cooler air.
With this system, you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation in your vehicle. Your vehicle also has a
flow-through ventilation system described later in
this section.
Mode Knob
The right knob is used to select and determine the
direction of the air flowing into the vehicle.
UPPER: This setting directs outside air through
the instrument panel outlets.
BI-LEVEL: This setting directs outside air into
your vehicle in two ways. Cooler air is directed toward
your upper body through the front instrument panel
outlets, while warmed air is directed through the heater
ducts at your feet.
Fan Knob
The left knob is the fan knob and selects the force of air
you want. Turn the knob clockwise to increase fan speed
and counterclockwise to decrease fan speed. The fan
must be turned on for the air conditioning compressor
to operate.
3-2
LOWER: This setting brings in most of the air
through the floor ducts. This setting is also used to send
air to the rear of the vehicle. Keep the area under the
front seats free of objects that could obstruct airflow to
the rear of the vehicle.
DEFOG: This setting directs air to the windshield
and through the floor ducts. This mode is particularly
useful during cold or inclement weather because of your
vehicle’s larger windshield area.
DEFROST: This setting directs most of the air to
the windshield and side window vents.
Mode Buttons
OUTSIDE AIR: Press this button (the light will
glow) to send outside air into your vehicle. Using this
setting while trying to defrost or defog the windows
will help clear the vents of moisture. Press the
RECIRCULATION button (the light on the OUTSIDE
AIR button will go off) to limit outside air entering the
vehicle. When the DEFOG or DEFROST setting is
selected, the system will automatically go to OUTSIDE
AIR mode.
RECIRCULATION: Press this button (the light
will glow) to limit the amount of fresh air entering your
vehicle by recirculating much of the air inside your
vehicle. You may use this setting to limit odors entering
your vehicle. Press the OUTSIDE AIR button (the light
on the RECIRCULATION button will go off) to let
outside air circulate into the vehicle.
Operating the Heating/Ventilation/Air Conditioning
(HVAC) system in the RECIRCULATION mode may
cause fogging of the vehicle’s windows when the weather is
cold and damp. To clear the fog, switch the HVAC system to
either the DEFOG or DEFROST mode and increase the fan
speed. To avoid re-fogging of the windows, operate the
HVAC system in the OUTSIDE AIR mode.
Air Conditioning
On very hot days, your vehicle will cool down more
quickly and economically if you open the windows long
enough to let hot, inside air escape. For all settings, adjust
the temperature control knob and fan speed as desired.
To get maximum cooling or a quick cool-down on very
hot days, press the A/C and RECIRCULATION buttons
(the lights will glow) and turn the temperature knob
counterclockwise (toward the blue area). Adjust the mode
knob to direct the air to the desired location. This setting
should not be used for long periods of time because the air
may become too cold and dry. Push the A/C button again
(the light will go off) to turn off the air conditioning.
When the air conditioner compressor is on, you may
sometimes notice slight changes in your vehicle’s engine
performance and power. This is normal. The system is
designed to help fuel economy while it maintains the
desired cooling level.
3-3
The air conditioner removes moisture from the air, so
you may sometimes notice water dripping from under
your vehicle’s engine compartment when it is idling or
after it has been turned off. This is normal.
Defogging and Defrosting
Heating
To rapidly defrost the windshield, turn the temperature
control knob all the way clockwise (to the red area) and
turn the mode knob to DEFROST. Adjust the fan to the
highest speed.
Turn the temperature knob clockwise (toward the red
area) to warm the air.
To keep the windshield clear and bring in heated air
through the heater ducts, turn the mode knob to DEFOG.
In the LOWER mode, outside air will be brought in and
sent through the floor outlets. The heater works best if
you keep your windows closed while using it.
When the temperature outside is above freezing, the air
conditioner compressor will run in these settings to help
remove moisture from the air.
The BI-LEVEL setting is designed for use on sunny
days when the air is only moderately warm or cool.
On days like these, the sun may adequately warm your
upper body, but your lower body may not be warm
enough. For the best results, turn the temperature
control knob to the middle position, and then adjust it
for comfort.
Your vehicle is equipped with side window defogger
vents located on the top of the instrument panel. For
additional side window defogging, turn the mode knob
to the BI-LEVEL setting and adjust the fan to the
highest speed. Aim the side vents on the instrument
panel toward the side windows. For increased airflow to
the side vents, close the center vents.
If you have the optional engine coolant heater and use it
during cold weather, 0_F (-18_C) or lower, your heating
system will provide heat more quickly because the
engine coolant is already warmed. See “Engine Coolant
Heater” in the Index.
Operating the HVAC system in the RECIRCULATION
mode may cause fogging of the vehicle’s windows when the
weather is cold and damp. To clear the fog, switch the HVAC
system to either the DEFOG or DEFROST mode and
increase the fan speed. To avoid re-fogging of the windows,
operate the HVAC system in the OUTSIDE AIR mode.
For additional information, refer to “RECIRCULATION”
earlier in this section.
3-4
Rear Window Defogger (If Equipped)
Press the REAR button
(the light will glow) to
warm the defogger grid on
the rear window and to turn
on the heated outside
rearview mirrors.
NOTICE:
Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp
on the inside of the rear window. If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming grid, and the
repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Rear Climate Control (Option)
The system will turn off automatically after about
10 minutes of use. If you turn it on again, the defogger
will operate for about five minutes. You can also turn
the defogger off by turning off the ignition or by
pressing the button again.
Do not attach a temporary vehicle license across the
defogger grid on the rear window.
If you have the optional rear climate control, the rear
seat passengers can control the temperature and the
amount of air directed to the rear of the vehicle. You can
also adjust the amount of air directed to the rear of the
vehicle using the front fan knob.
When it’s cold outside, set the main climate control
knob to LOWER, DEFOG or DEFROST, to send air to
the rear of the vehicle through the lower vents.
Set the main climate control mode knob to UPPER or
BI-LEVEL to send air to the rear of the vehicle through
the headliner outlets.
To send conditioned air to the rear of the vehicle, press
the A/C button (the light will glow) on the main climate
controls. If you do not select A/C, air directed to the rear
of the vehicle will be cabin temperature.
3-5
Rear Comfort Controls
Rear Fan Control
This option comes with the rear climate controls.
Keep the area around the base of the center instrument
panel console and the area between and under the front
seats free of objects that would obstruct airflow to the
rear of the vehicle.
The rear fan control is
located below the
climate control system,
in the switchbank.
Turn the fan to the desired setting for the amount of air
to be directed to the rear of the vehicle. The temperature
of the air will be the same as the air in the front of the
vehicle. The rear fan control in the instrument panel
switchbank has an “R” setting which allows the rear
passengers to use the rear climate control knobs to
adjust the air through the rear air outlets.
3-6
The rear climate control knobs are in a panel next to the
second row seat. If your vehicle has the optional dual
sliding doors, the panel is above the driver’s seat.
Turn the temperature knob counterclockwise (to the blue
area) for cooler air, or clockwise (to the red area) for
warmer air.
To maintain a comfortable temperature in the rear, use
either rear fan control to adjust the force of air coming
through the rear outlets.
Select the desired climate control mode using the
directional controls on the instrument panel (see “Mode
Knob” earlier in this section). The mode you choose will
regulate both the front and rear climate control systems.
Rear Air Vents
To maximize airflow through the rear heater outlet, place
the left bucket seat in the second row in the forward
position (see “Adjusting Rear Seats” in the Index).
The vent behind the left rear seat is the cold air return
vent. Be sure to keep it free of obstructions.
Keep the area around the base of the center instrument
panel console, between and under, the front seats free of
objects that could obstruct airflow to the rear.
3-7
Ventilation System
Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside air into the vehicle when it is moving. Outside
air will also enter the vehicle when the fan is running.
Your vehicle has air outlets that allow you to adjust the
direction and amount of airflow inside the vehicle. Push
the outlet up or down to direct the airflow to your
preference. Increase or reduce the amount of airflow by
opening and closing the louvers. Opening and closing
the louvers will also direct airflow from side to side.
The air-flow through the vents can be shut off
completely by turning the thumbwheel next to each
outlet all the way down. You can also stop outside air
from entering by turning the fan to OFF and pushing the
RECIRCULATION button.
Ventilation Tips
D Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or
any other obstruction (such as leaves). This will
allow the heater and defroster to work much better,
reducing the chance of fogging the inside of
your windows.
D When you enter a vehicle in cold weather, turn the
fan knob to “5”, the highest setting, for a few
moments before driving off. This helps clear the
intake ducts of snow and moisture, and reduces the
chance of fogging the inside of your windows.
D Keep the area around the base of the center
instrument panel console and the air path under the
front seats clear of objects. This helps air to circulate
throughout your vehicle.
D In cold weather, operating the system in the
OUTSIDE AIR mode will improve the time it takes
to warm the vehicle.
3-8
Audio Systems
Your audio system has been designed to operate easily
and give years of listening pleasure. You will get the
most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with it
first. Find out what your audio system can do and how
to operate all its controls, to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
If you have power door locks, your vehicle has a feature
called Retained Accessory Power (RAP). With RAP,
you can play your audio system even after the ignition is
off. See “Retained Accessory Power” in the Index.
Setting the Clock for All Systems Except
AM-FM Stereo
Press and hold HR until the correct hour appears.
Press and hold MIN until the correct minute appears.
There will be a two-second delay before the clock goes
into time-set mode, and the colon on the display will
blink while in this mode.
AM-FM Stereo (Canada Only)
Setting the Clock for AM-FM Stereo
(Canada Only)
Press and hold the HR or MIN arrow for two seconds.
Then press the HR arrow until the correct hour appears.
Press and hold the MIN arrow until the correct minute
appears. The clock may be set with the ignition on
or off.
3-9
Playing the Radio
PWR VOL: Press this knob to turn the system on
and off. To increase volume, turn the knob clockwise.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
RCL: Press this knob to recall the station being played
or to display the clock. Clock display is available with
the vehicle off.
Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM,
FM1 and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the right arrow to tune to the next higher
station and the left arrow to tune to the next lower
station and stay there. The radio will seek to stations
with a strong signal only.
SCAN: Press and hold one of the SEEK arrows for two
seconds until you hear a beep. Use SCAN to listen to
stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to a station,
stop for a few seconds and flash the station frequency,
then go on to the next station. Press one of the SEEK
arrows again to stop scanning. The radio will scan to
stations with a strong signal only.
3-10
PRESET SCAN: Use PRESET SCAN to listen to each
of your preset stations for a few seconds. Press and hold
one of the SEEK arrows for more than four seconds
until you hear two beeps. The radio will go to the first
preset station stored on your pushbuttons, except those
stations with weak reception, stop for a few seconds and
flash the station frequency, then go on to the next preset
station. PRESET SCAN will only scan the six presets
that are in the band selected. Press one of the SEEK
arrows again to stop scanning presets. The channel
number (P1-P6) will appear momentarily just before the
frequency is displayed.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2). Just:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons until
you hear a beep. Whenever you press that numbered
button, the station you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press and release AUDIO repeatedly until BAS
appears on the display. Then press and hold the up arrow
to increase bass. “B” and a positive number will appear
on the display. Press and hold the down arrow to
decrease bass. B and a negative number will appear on
the display. B and a zero will appear on the display
when the bass level is set to the middle position.
Release the up or down arrow when you find the bass
level you want or when the maximum or minimum level
is reached.
TREBLE: Press and release AUDIO until TRE appears
on the display. Then press and hold the up arrow to
increase treble. “T” and a positive number will appear
on the display. Press and hold the down arrow to
decrease treble. T and a negative number will appear on
the display. T and a zero will appear on the display when
the treble level is set to the middle position. Release the
up or down arrow when you find the treble level you
want or when the maximum or minimum level is
reached. If a station is weak or noisy, you may want to
decrease the treble.
To set BASS or TREBLE to the middle position, select
the desired tone control. Then press and hold AUDIO
for more than two seconds until you hear a beep.
B and a zero or T and a zero will appear on the display.
To set all of the tone controls and speaker controls to the
middle position, end out of audio mode. Then press and
hold AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. CEN will appear on the display.
Adjusting the Speakers
BALANCE: Press and release AUDIO until BAL
appears on the display. Then press and hold the up arrow
to move the sound to the right speakers or the down
arrow to move the sound to the left speakers. “R” and
a number will appear on the display when the sound is
balanced toward the right speakers. “L” and a number
will appear on the display when the sound is balanced
toward the left speakers. L and a zero will appear on the
display when the the sound is balanced between the
speakers. Release the up or down arrow when you find
the speaker balance you want or when the maximum or
minimum level is reached.
3-11
FADE: Press and release AUDIO until FAD appears on
the display. Then press and hold the up arrow to move
the sound to the front speakers or the down arrow to
move the sound to the rear speakers. “F” and a number
will appear on the display when the sound is balanced
toward the front speakers. “R” and a number will appear
on the display when the sound is balanced toward the
rear speakers. F and a zero will appear on the display
when the the sound is balanced between the speakers.
Release the up or down arrow when you find the speaker
balance you want or when the maximum or minimum
level is reached.
To set BALANCE or FADE to the middle position,
select the desired speaker control. Then press and hold
AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. L and a zero or F and a zero will appear on the
display. To set all of the tone controls and speaker
controls to the middle position, end out of audio mode.
Then press and hold AUDIO for more than two seconds
until you hear a beep. CEN will appear on the display.
Radio Calibration
Your audio system has been calibrated for your vehicle
from the factory. If CAL appears on the display it means
that your radio has not been configured properly for
your vehicle and must be returned to the dealership
for service.
3-12
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
with Programmable Equalization and
Radio Data System (RDS) (If Equipped)
Playing the Radio
PWR-VOL: Press this knob to turn the system on
and off. To increase volume, turn the knob clockwise.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
SCV: Your system has a feature called
Speed-Compensated Volume (SCV). With SCV,
your audio system adjusts automatically to make up
for road and wind noise as you drive. Set the volume at
the desired level. Press this button to select MIN,
MED or MAX. Each choice allows for more volume
compensation at faster vehicle speeds. Then, as you
drive, SCV automatically increases the volume, as
necessary, to overcome noise at any particular speed.
The volume level should always sound the same to you
as you drive. If you don’t want to use SCV, select OFF.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press and hold one of the SEEK arrows for two
seconds until the SCAN icon appears on the display and
you hear a beep. Use SCAN to listen to stations for a
few seconds. The radio will go to a station, stop for a
few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press one of
the SEEK arrows again to stop scanning. The sound will
mute while scanning.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2). Just:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press EQ to select the desired equalization.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons until
you hear a beep. Whenever you press that numbered
button, the station you set will return and the
equalization that you selected will also be
automatically selected for that button.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
PRESET SCAN: Press and hold one of the SEEK
arrows for more than four seconds until the PSCAN icon
and the preset number appear on the display. You will
hear a double beep. Use PRESET SCAN to listen to
each of your preset stations for a few seconds.
The radio will go to the first preset station stored on
your pushbuttons, stop for a few seconds, then go on to
the next preset station. Press one of the SEEK arrows
again to stop scanning presets.
Note that PRESET SCAN will skip over presets where
no station is being received at that time to prevent
hearing static.
3-13
Setting the Tone
You can preset up to six equalization settings. Just:
TONE: Press and release this button until the desired
tone control (BASS, MID or TREB) is found. The
SELECT LED indicator will light to show that the tone
control can be adjusted. When using BASS, MID or
TREB, turn the SELECT knob clockwise to increase.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease. If a station is weak
or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
1. Turn the radio on.
Pressing and holding the TONE button for at least two
seconds will return all tone settings to flat regardless of
tone selected. FLAT will appear on the display.
EQ: This feature allows you to choose preset bass,
mid and treble equalization settings designed for
different individual listening tastes. Press EQ to select
the desired preset equalization setting. Each time you
press EQ, another setting will appear on the display.
3-14
2. Use the TONE button and the SELECT knob to
select the desired equalization.
3. Press and hold EQ for two seconds. SELECT EQ #
will appear on the display. The EQ icon will flash.
4. Press EQ or turn the SELECT knob to select the
desired EQ number. Each time you press EQ or turn
the SELECT knob, another EQ setting will appear on
the display.
5. Press and hold the EQ button or push the SELECT
knob to store the equalization preset. You will hear a
beep and EQ SAVED will appear on the display.
6. Repeat the steps for each EQ setting.
Note that EQ 5 has been programmed for use with talk
radio, but it can be preset to a different tone.
Using RDS Mode
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS mode gives you many useful new
features. With RDS, the radio can:
D Seek only to stations with the types of programs
you want to listen to,
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies, and
D receive and display messages from radio stations.
RDS features are only available for use on FM stations
which broadcast RDS information. The RDS features of
your radio rely upon receiving specific RDS information
from these stations. These features will only work when
the RDS information is available. In rare cases, a radio
station may broadcast incorrect information that will
cause the radio features to work improperly. If this
happens, please contact the radio station.
When you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name will appear on the display, instead of the
frequency. Most RDS stations provide their station
name, the time of day and a Program Type (PTY)
for their current programming.
TRAF: Press this button to receive traffic
announcements. The traffic announcement brackets will
appear on the display. TRAF will appear on the display
if the tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, the radio will seek to a station that
does. When the radio finds a station that broadcasts
traffic announcements, it will stop. If no station is found,
NO TRAFFIC will appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station or a related network station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a cassette tape is playing.
If the cassette tape player was being used, the tape will
stay in the player and resume play at the point where
it stopped.
INFO: If the current station has a message, INFO
will appear on the display. Press this button to see the
message. If the whole message does not appear on
the display, parts of the message will appear every three
seconds until the message is completed. To see the parts
of the message faster than every three seconds, press this
button again. A new group of words will appear on the
display. Once the complete message has been displayed,
INFO will disappear from the display until another new
message is received.
3-15
PROG-TYPE: This button is used to turn on and off
Program Type (PTY) select. The P-TYPE icon will
appear on the display and the SELECT LED indicator
next to the SELECT knob will light. The last selected
PTY will appear on the display for five seconds. Turn
the SELECT knob to select the PTY you want to listen
to. Press SEEK or SCAN to find radio stations of the
PTY you want to listen to. The last PTY selected will
be used for seek or scan modes. If a station with the
selected PTY is not found, NOT FOUND will appear on
the display. If both PROG-TYPE and TRAF are on,
the radio will search for stations with traffic
announcements and the selected PTY.
To use the PROG-TYPE interrupt feature, press and
hold this button until you hear a beep on the PTY you
want to interrupt. A (*) will appear next to the PTY
name, example (CLASSICAL*). When you are listening
to a cassette or compact disc, the last selected RDS FM
station will interrupt play if that selected PTY format
is broadcast.
3-16
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons
let you return to your favorite Program Types (PTYs).
These buttons have factory PTY presets. You can set up
to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and six FM2). Just:
1. Press PROG-TYPE, if it is not already on.
2. Press AM-FM to select FM1 or FM2.
3. Turn the SELECT knob to select a PROG-TYPE.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons until
you hear a beep. Whenever you press that numbered
button, the PTY you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
ALERT!: This type of announcement warns of national
or local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements. ALERT! appears on the display
when an alert announcement plays. When an alert
announcement comes on the tuned radio station, you
will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a cassette
tape or compact disc is playing. If the cassette tape or
compact disc player is playing, play will stop for the
announcement and resume when the announcement
is finished.
ALTERNATE FREQUENCY: This feature allows
the radio to switch to a stronger station with the same
program type. Press and hold AM-FM for two seconds
to turn alternate frequency on. AF ON will appear on the
display. The radio may switch to stronger stations.
Press and hold AM-FM again for two seconds to turn
alternate frequency off. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL-FADE: This button adjusts balance and fade.
To adjust balance, press this button until BAL appears
on the display. Turn the SELECT knob clockwise for
the right speakers and counterclockwise for the left
speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers. To adjust fade, press this button
until FAD appears on the display. Turn the SELECT
knob clockwise to adjust the sound to the front speakers
and counterclockwise for the rear speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers. Press
and hold this button for two seconds to return both fade
and balance to the middle position.
Playing a Cassette Tape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer
than that are so thin they may not work well in this
player. The longer side with the tape visible should face
out. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off, the tape can
be inserted and will begin playing. If you hear nothing
but a garbled sound, the tape may not be in squarely.
Press EJECT to remove the tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, FAD, BAL,
TREB, MID, BASS, EQ, SEEK and SCAN controls
just as you do for the radio. The display will show TAPE
and an arrow showing which side of the tape is playing.
The tape player automatically begins playing the other
side when it reaches the end of the tape.
Your tape bias is set automatically when a metal or
chrome tape is inserted. If you want to insert a tape
when the ignition is off, first press EJECT or the
RCL knob.
If an error appears on the radio display, the tape won’t
play because of an error.
3-17
TIGHT TAPE is displayed when the tape is tight and the
player can’t turn the tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold
the tape with the open end down and try to turn the right
hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape over
and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your tape may
be damaged and should not be used in the player. Try a
new tape to make sure your player is working properly.
PROG (2): Press this button to play the other side of
the tape.
BROKEN TAPE is displayed when the tape is broken.
Try a new tape.
(6): Press this button to reduce background noise.
DOLBY NR ON will appear on the display. Press it
again to turn Dolby off.
WRAPPED TAPE is displayed when the tape is
wrapped around the tape head. Attempt to get the
cassette out. Try a new tape.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error message, write it down and provide it
to your dealer when reporting the problem.
FWD (1): Press this button to advance quickly to
another part of the tape. Press the button again to return
to play. The radio will play the last selected station
while the tape advances. You may select stations during
FWD operation by using TUNE.
uu
While in FWD mode the display will show FREQ and
FWD
. If the radio is playing a RDS station the
display will only show FREQ.
3-18
REV (4): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio will
play the last selected station while the tape reverses.
You may select stations during REV operation by
using TUNE.
D
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
EQ: Press EQ to select the desired preset equalization
setting while playing a cassette. The equalization will be
automatically set whenever you play a cassette tape.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to search for the
next or previous selection on the tape. Your tape must
have at least three seconds of silence between each
selection for SEEK to work. You can skip nine
selections up or down on the tape. Choose how many
selections you want to skip. Press the SEEK arrow that
many times. The number of selections to be skipped will
appear on the display.
SCAN: Press and hold one of the SEEK arrows for
more than two seconds until SCAN appears on the
display and you hear a beep. Use SCAN to listen to each
selection for a few seconds. The tape will go to the next
selection, stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next
selection. Press this button again to stop scanning.
The sound will mute and SCAN will appear on
the display while scanning. The radio will only
scan forward.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a
tape is in the player. The tape will stop but remain in
the player.
TAPE AUX: With a cassette tape in the player and the
radio playing, press this button to play a cassette tape.
Press AM-FM to return to the radio when a cassette tape
is playing. The inactive tape will remain safely inside
the radio for future listening. The TAPE icon will appear
on the display when a cassette tape is loaded.
EJECT: Press this button to remove the tape.
The radio will play. EJECT may be activated with either
the ignition or radio off. Cassettes may be loaded with
the radio and ignition off if this button is pressed first.
CLEAN PLAYER: If this message appears on the
display, the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will
still play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible
to prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold EJECT for five seconds to reset
the CLEAN PLAYER indicator. The radio will display
CLEANED to show the indicator was reset.
CD Adapter Kits
It is possible to use a portable CD player adapter kit
with your cassette tape player after activating the bypass
feature on your tape player.
To activate the bypass feature, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the TAPE AUX button for three
seconds. The tape symbol on the display will flash
for five seconds and READY will appear on the
display, indicating the feature is active.
4. Insert the adapter into the cassette slot. It will power
up the radio and begin playing.
This override routine will remain active until EJECT
is pressed.
3-19
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player
with Programmable Equalization and
Radio Data System (RDS) (If Equipped)
SCV: Your system has a feature called
Speed-Compensated Volume (SCV). With SCV,
your audio system adjusts automatically to make up
for road and wind noise as you drive. Set the volume
at the desired level. Press this button to select MIN,
MED or MAX. Each choice allows for more volume
compensation at faster vehicle speeds. Then, as you
drive, SCV automatically increases the volume, as
necessary, to overcome noise at any particular speed.
The volume level should always sound the same to you
as you drive. If you don’t want to use SCV, select OFF.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
Playing the Radio
PWR-VOL: Press this knob to turn the system on
and off. To increase volume, turn the knob clockwise.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
3-20
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking. The radio will seek to stations with
a strong signal only.
SCAN: Press and hold one of the SEEK arrows for two
seconds until the SCAN icon appears on the display and
you hear a beep. Use SCAN to listen to stations for a
few seconds. The radio will go to a station, stop for a
few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press one of
the SEEK arrows again to stop scanning. The sound will
mute while scanning. The radio will scan to stations
with a strong signal only.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2). Just:
PRESET SCAN: Press and hold one of the SEEK
arrows for more than four seconds until the PSCAN icon
and the preset number appear on the display. You will
hear a double beep. Use PRESET SCAN to listen to
each of your preset stations for a few seconds. The
radio will go to the first preset station stored on your
pushbuttons, stop for a few seconds, then go on to the
next preset station. PRESET SCAN will only scan the
six presets that are in the band selected. Press one of the
SEEK arrows again to stop scanning presets.
1. Turn the radio on.
PRESET SCAN will skip over presets where no station
is being received at that time to prevent hearing static.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
Setting the Tone
3. Tune in the desired station.
TONE: Press and release this button until the desired
tone control (BASS, MID or TREB) is found. The
SELECT LED indicator will light to show that the tone
control can be adjusted. When using BASS or MID, turn
the SELECT knob clockwise to increase bass. Turn it
counterclockwise to decrease bass. When using TREB,
turn the SELECT knob clockwise to increase treble.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease treble. If a station
is weak or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
4. Press EQ to select the equalization.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons
until you hear a beep. Whenever you press that
numbered button, the station you set will return and
the equalization that you selected will also be
automatically selected for that button.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
To set all of the tone controls to the middle position,
press and hold TONE until FLAT appears on the display.
3-21
EQ: This feature allows you to choose preset bass,
mid and treble equalization settings designed for
different individual listening tastes. Press EQ to select
the desired preset equalization setting. Each time you
press EQ, another setting will appear on the display.
You can preset up to six equalization settings. Just:
1. Turn the radio on.
Using RDS Mode
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS mode gives you many useful new
features. With RDS, the radio can:
D Seek only to stations with the types of programs you
want to listen to,
2. Use the TONE button and the SELECT knob to
select the desired equalization.
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
3. Press and hold EQ for two seconds. SELECT EQ #
will appear on the display. The EQ icon will flash.
D receive and display messages from radio stations.
4. Press EQ or turn the SELECT knob to select the
desired EQ number. Each time you press EQ or turn
the SELECT knob, another EQ setting will appear on
the display.
5. Press and hold the EQ button or push the SELECT
knob to store the equalization preset. You will hear a
beep and EQ SAVED will appear on the display.
6. Repeat the steps for each EQ setting.
Note that EQ 5 has been programmed at the factory
for use with talk radio, but it can be preset to a
different tone.
3-22
national emergencies, and
RDS features are only available for use on FM stations
which broadcast RDS information. The RDS features of
your radio rely upon receiving specific RDS information
from these stations. These features will only work when
the RDS information is available. In rare cases, a radio
station may broadcast incorrect information that will
cause the radio features to work improperly. If this
happens, please contact the radio station.
When you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name will appear on the display, instead of the
frequency. Most RDS stations provide their station
name, the time of day and a Program Type (PTY)
for their current programming.
TRAF: Press this button to receive traffic
announcements. The traffic announcement brackets will
appear on the display. TRAF will appear on the display
if the tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, the radio will seek to a station that
does. When the radio finds a station that broadcasts
traffic announcements, it will stop. If no station is found,
NO TRAFFIC will appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station or a related network station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a compact disc is
playing. If the compact disc player was being used, the
compact disc will stay in the player and resume play at
the point where it stopped.
INFO: If the current station has a message, INFO
will appear on the display. Press this button to see the
message. If the whole message does not appear on the
display, parts of the message will appear every three
seconds until the message is completed. To see the parts
of the message faster than every three seconds, press this
button again. A new group of words will appear on the
display. Once the complete message has been displayed,
INFO will disappear from the display until another new
message is received.
PROG-TYPE: This button is used to turn on and off
Program Type (PTY) select. The P-TYPE icon will
appear on the display and the SELECT LED indicator
next to the SELECT knob will light. The last selected
PTY will appear on the display for five seconds.
Turn the SELECT knob to select the PTY you want to
listen to. Press SEEK or SCAN to find radio stations of
the PTY you want to listen to. The last PTY selected
will be used for seek or scan modes. If a station with the
selected PTY is not found, NOT FOUND will appear on
the display. If both PROG-TYPE and TRAF are on,
the radio will search for stations with traffic
announcements and the selected PTY.
To use the PROG-TYPE interrupt feature, press and
hold this button until you hear a beep on the PTY you
want to interrupt. A (*) will appear next to the PTY
name, example (CLASSICAL*). When you are listening
to a cassette or compact disc, the last selected RDS FM
station will interrupt play if that selected PTY format
is broadcast.
3-23
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons
let you return to your favorite Program Types (PTYs).
These buttons have factory PTY presets. You can set up
to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and six FM2). Just:
1. Press PROG-TYPE, if it is not already on.
2. Press AM-FM to select FM1 or FM2.
3. Turn the SELECT knob to select a PROG-TYPE.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons until
you hear a beep. Whenever you press that numbered
button, the PTY you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
ALERT!: This type of announcement warns of national
or local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements. ALERT! appears on the display
when an alert announcement plays. When an alert
announcement comes on the tuned radio station, you
will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a cassette
tape or compact disc is playing. If the cassette tape or
compact disc player is playing, play will stop for the
announcement and resume when the announcement
is finished.
3-24
ALTERNATE FREQUENCY: This feature allows
the radio to switch to a stronger station with the same
programming. Press and hold AM-FM for two seconds
to turn alternate frequency on. AF ON will appear on
the display. The radio may switch to stronger stations.
Press and hold AM-FM again for two seconds to turn
alternate frequency off. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL-FADE: This button adjusts balance and fade.
To adjust balance, press this button until BAL appears
on the display. SELECT will appear on the display to
show that the speakers can be adjusted. Turn the
SELECT knob clockwise for the right speakers and
counterclockwise for the left speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
To adjust fade, press this button until FAD appears on
the display. Turn the SELECT knob clockwise to adjust
the sound to the front speakers and counterclockwise for
the rear speakers. The middle position balances the
sound between the speakers. Press and hold this button
for two seconds to return both fade and balance to the
middle position.
Playing a Compact Disc
With the ignition on, insert a disc partway into the slot, label
side up. The player will pull it in and the disc should begin
playing. If you want to insert a CD when the ignition is off,
first press the eject symbol or the RCL knob.
Inserting a CD with the radio off and the ignition on will
start auto play.
Note that when the disc is inserted, the CD symbol will
be displayed. If you select an EQ setting for your CD,
it will be activated each time you play a CD.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
If CHECK CD appears on the radio display and the disc
comes out, it could be that:
D The road is too rough. The disc should play when the
road is smoother.
D The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or upside down.
D The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
"" (1): Press and hold this button to advance quickly
within a track. Release it to play the passage. You will
hear sound at a reduced volume. The display will show
elapsed time.
RDM (3): Press this button to hear the tracks in random,
rather than sequential, order. RDM and the track number
will appear on the display.
AA (4): Press and hold this button to reverse quickly
within a track. Release it to play the passage. You will
hear sound at a reduced volume. The display will show
elapsed time.
EQ: Press EQ to select the desired preset equalization
setting while playing a compact disc. The equalization
will be automatically set whenever you play a
compact disc.
SEEK: Press the down arrow while playing a CD to
go to the start of the current track if more than eight
seconds have played. Press the up arrow to go to the
next track. If you hold the button or press it more than
once, the player will continue moving backward or
forward through the disc.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error message, write it down and provide it
to your dealer when reporting the problem.
3-25
SCAN: Press and hold one of the SEEK arrows for
more than two seconds until SCAN appears on the
display and you hear a beep. Use SCAN to listen to each
selection for a few seconds. The disc will go to the next
selection, stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next
selection. Press this button again to stop scanning. The
sound will mute while scanning. SCAN and the track
number will appear on the display.
RCL: Press this button to see how long the current track
has been playing. To change what is normally shown on
the display (track or elapsed time), press the button until
you see the display you want, then hold the button until
the display flashes. While elapsed time is showing,
CD TIME will appear on the display.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a disc
is in the player.
CD AUX: With a compact disc in the player and the
radio playing, press this button to play a compact disc.
Press AM-FM to return to the radio when a compact
disc is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening. The CD icon will
appear on the display when a compact disc is loaded.
EJECT: Press this button to remove the disc. The radio
will play. EJECT may be activated with either the
ignition or radio off. CDs may be loaded with the radio
and ignition off if this button is pressed first.
3-26
Radio Calibration
Your audio system has been calibrated for your vehicle
from the factory. If CALIBRATE appears on the display
it means that your radio has not been configured
properly for your vehicle and must be returned to the
dealership for service.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Programmable
Equalization and Radio Data System (RDS)
(If Equipped)
Playing the Radio
PWR-VOL: Press this knob to turn the system
on and off. To increase volume, turn the knob clockwise.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
SCAN: Press and hold one of the SEEK arrows for two
seconds until the SCAN icon appears on the display and
you hear a beep. Use SCAN to listen to stations for a
few seconds. The radio will go to a station, stop for a
few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press one of
the SEEK arrows again to stop scanning. The sound will
mute while scanning. The radio will scan to stations
with a strong signal only.
SCV: Your system has a feature called
Speed-Compensated Volume (SCV). With SCV, your
audio system adjusts automatically to make up for road
and wind noise as you drive. Set the volume at the
desired level. Press this button to select MIN,
MED or MAX. Each choice allows for more volume
compensation at faster vehicle speeds. Then, as you
drive, SCV automatically increases the volume, as
necessary, to overcome noise at any particular speed.
The volume level should always sound the same to you
as you drive. If you don’t want to use SCV, select OFF.
3. Tune in the desired station.
Finding a Station
4. Press EQ to select the equalization.
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons until
you hear a beep. Whenever you press that numbered
button, the station you set will return and the
equalization that you selected will also be
automatically selected for that button.
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking. The radio will seek to stations with
a strong signal only.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2). Just:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-27
PRESET SCAN: Press and hold one of the SEEK
arrows for more than four seconds until the PSCAN icon
and the preset number appear on the display. You will
hear a double beep. Use PRESET SCAN to listen to
each of your preset stations for a few seconds. The
radio will go to the first preset station stored on your
pushbuttons, stop for a few seconds, then go on to the
next preset station. Press one of the SEEK arrows again
to stop scanning presets.
Note that PRESET SCAN will skip over presets where
no station is being received at that time to prevent
hearing static.
Setting the Tone
TONE: Press and release this button until the desired
tone control (BASS, MID or TREB) is found. The
SELECT LED indicator will light to show that the tone
control can be adjusted. When using BASS or MID, turn
the SELECT knob clockwise to increase bass. Turn it
counterclockwise to decrease bass. When using TREB,
turn the SELECT knob clockwise to increase treble.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease treble. If a station
is weak or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
To set all of the tone controls to the middle position,
press and hold TONE until FLAT appears on the display.
3-28
EQ: This feature allows you to choose preset bass,
mid and treble equalization settings designed for
different individual listening tastes. Press EQ to select
the desired preset equalization setting. Each time you
press EQ, another setting will appear on the display.
You can preset up to six equalization settings. Just:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Use the TONE button and the SELECT knob to
select the desired equalization.
3. Press and hold EQ for two seconds. SELECT EQ #
will appear on the display. The EQ icon will flash.
4. Press EQ or turn the SELECT knob to select the
desired EQ number. Each time you press EQ or turn
the SELECT knob, another EQ setting will appear on
the display.
5. Press and hold the EQ button or push the SELECT
knob to store the equalization preset. You will hear a
beep and EQ SAVED will appear on the display.
6. Repeat the steps for each EQ setting.
Note that EQ 5 has been programmed for use with talk
radio, but it can be preset to a different tone.
Using RDS Mode
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS mode gives you many useful
new features. With RDS, the radio can:
D Seek only to stations with the types of programs
you want to listen to,
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies, and
D receive and display messages from radio stations.
RDS features are only available for use on FM stations
which broadcast RDS information. The RDS features of
your radio rely upon receiving specific RDS information
from these stations. These features will only work when
the RDS information is available. In rare cases, a radio
station may broadcast incorrect information that will
cause the radio features to work improperly. If this
happens, please contact the radio station.
When you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name will appear on the display, instead of the
frequency. Most RDS stations provide their station
name, the time of day and a Program Type (PTY)
for their current programming.
TRAF: Press this button to receive traffic
announcements. The traffic announcement brackets will
appear on the display. TRAF will appear on the display
if the tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, the radio will seek to a station that
does. When the radio finds a station that broadcasts
traffic announcements, it will stop. If no station is found,
NO TRAFFIC will appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station or a related network station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a cassette tape or
compact disc is playing. If the cassette tape or compact
disc player was being used, the tape or compact disc will
stay in the player and resume play at the point where
it stopped.
INFO: If the current station has a message, INFO
will appear on the display. Press this button to see the
message. If the whole message does not appear on the
display, parts of the message will appear every three
seconds until the message is completed. To see the parts
of the message faster than every three seconds, press this
button again. A new group of words will appear on the
display. Once the complete message has been displayed,
INFO will disappear from the display until another new
message is received.
3-29
PROG-TYPE: This button is used to turn on and off
Program Type (PTY) select. The P-TYPE icon will
appear on the display and the SELECT LED indicator
next to the SELECT knob will light. The last selected
PTY will appear on the display for five seconds. Turn
the SELECT knob to select the PTY you want to listen
to. Press SEEK or SCAN to find radio stations of the
PTY you want to listen to. The last PTY selected will
be used for seek or scan modes. If a station with the
selected PTY is not found, NOT FOUND will appear on
the display. If both PROG-TYPE and TRAF are on,
the radio will search for stations with traffic
announcements and the selected PTY.
To use the PROG-TYPE interrupt feature, press and
hold this button until you hear a beep on the PTY you
want to interrupt. A (*) will appear next to the PTY
name, example (CLASSICAL*). When you are listening
to a cassette or compact disc, the last selected RDS FM
station will interrupt play if that selected PTY format
is broadcast.
3-30
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons
let you return to your favorite Program Types (PTYs).
These buttons have factory PTY presets. You can set up
to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and six FM2). Just:
1. Press PROG-TYPE, if it is not already on.
2. Press AM-FM to select FM1 or FM2.
3. Turn the SELECT knob to select a PROG-TYPE.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons until
you hear a beep. Whenever you press that numbered
button, the PTY you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
ALERT!: This type of announcement warns of national
or local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements. ALERT! appears on the display
when an alert announcement plays. When an alert
announcement comes on the tuned radio station, you
will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a cassette
tape or compact disc is playing. If the cassette tape or
compact disc player is playing, play will stop for the
announcement and resume when the announcement
is finished.
ALTERNATE FREQUENCY: This feature allows
the radio to switch to a stronger station with the same
programming. Press and hold AM-FM for two seconds
to turn alternate frequency on. AF ON will appear on the
display. The radio may switch to stronger stations. Press
and hold AM-FM again for two seconds to turn alternate
frequency off. AF OFF will appear on the display. The
radio will not switch to other stations.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL-FADE: This button adjusts balance and fade.
To adjust balance, press this button until BAL appears
on the display. SELECT will appear on the display to
show that the speakers can be adjusted. Turn the
SELECT knob clockwise for the right speakers and
counterclockwise for the left speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
To adjust fade, press this button until FAD appears on
the display. Turn the SELECT knob clockwise to adjust
the sound to the front speakers and counterclockwise for
the rear speakers. The middle position balances the
sound between the speakers. Press and hold this button
for two seconds to return both fade and balance to the
middle position.
Playing a Cassette Tape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer
than that are so thin they may not work well in this
player. The longer side with the tape visible should face
to the right. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off, the
tape can be inserted and will begin playing. If you hear
nothing but a garbled sound, the tape may not be in
squarely. Press the eject symbol to remove the tape and
start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, FAD, BAL,
TREB, MID, BASS, EQ, SEEK and SCAN controls
just as you do for the radio. The display will show TAPE
and an arrow showing which side of the tape is playing.
The tape player automatically begins playing the other
side when it reaches the end of the tape.
Your tape bias is set automatically when a metal or
chrome tape is inserted. If you want to insert a tape
when the ignition is off, first press the cassette eject
symbol or the RCL knob.
If an error appears on the radio display, the tape won’t
play because of an error.
3-31
TIGHT TAPE is displayed when the tape is tight and the
player can’t turn the tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold
the tape with the open end down and try to turn the right
hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape over
and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your tape may
be damaged and should not be used in the player. Try a
new tape to make sure your player is working properly.
BROKEN TAPE is displayed when the tape is broken.
Try a new tape.
WRAPPED TAPE is displayed when the tape is
wrapped around the tape head. Attempt to get the
cassette out. Try a new tape.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error message, write it down and provide it
to your dealer when reporting the problem.
"" (1): Press this button to advance quickly to another
part of the tape. Press the button again to return to
playing speed. The radio will play the last selected
station while the tape advances. You may select stations
during FWD operation by using TUNE.
uu
While in FWD mode the display will show FREQ and
FWD
. If the radio is playing a RDS station the
display will show the station name and
.
3-32
uu
BY (2): Press this button to play the other side of
the tape.
AA (4): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio will
play the last selected station while the tape reverses.
You may select stations during REV operation by
using TUNE.
D
(6): Press this button to reduce background noise.
DOLBY NR ON will appear on the display. Press it
again to turn Dolby off.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
EQ: Press EQ to select the desired preset equalization
setting while playing a cassette. The equalization will be
automatically set whenever you play a cassette tape.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to search for
the next or previous selection on the tape. Your tape
must have at least three seconds of silence between
each selection for SEEK to work. You can skip nine
selections up or down on the tape. Choose how many
selections you want to skip. Press the SEEK arrow that
many times. The number of selections to be skipped will
appear on the display.
SCAN: Press and hold one of the SEEK arrows for
more than two seconds until SCAN appears on the
display and you hear a beep. Your tape must have at
least three seconds of silence between each selection for
SCAN to work. Use SCAN to listen to each selection
for a few seconds. The tape will go to the next selection,
stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next selection.
Press this button again to stop scanning. The sound
will mute and SCAN will appear on the display
while scanning.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a
tape is in the player. The tape will stop but remain in
the player.
CD-TAPE: With a tape in the player and the radio
playing, press this button to play a tape. Press AM-FM
to return to the radio when a tape is playing. Press
CD-TAPE to switch between the tape and compact disc
if both are loaded. The inactive tape or CD will remain
safely inside the radio for future listening. The display
will show TAPE and CD icons.
EJECT: Press this button located to the right of the
cassette slot to remove the tape. The radio will play.
EJECT may be activated with either the ignition or radio
off. Cassettes may be loaded with the radio and ignition
off if this button is pressed first.
CLEAN PLAYER: If this message appears on the
display, the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned.
It will still play tapes, but you should clean it as soon
as possible to prevent damage to the tapes and player.
See “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for
five seconds to reset the CLEAN PLAYER indicator.
The radio will display CLEANED to show the indicator
was reset.
Tight/Loose Tape Sensor Defeat
With the radio off and the ignition on, press and hold the
TAPE CD button to disable the tight/loose tape sensing
feature to enable play of some tape head cleaners and
portable CD adapters. The radio will display READY
and flash the cassette icon. The tight/loose tape sensing
feature will then be disabled until the next cassette eject.
Playing a Compact Disc
With the ignition on, insert a disc partway into the slot,
label side up. The player will pull it in and the disc
should begin playing. If you want to insert a CD when
the ignition is off, first press the CD eject symbol or the
RCL knob.
3-33
Inserting a CD with the radio off and the ignition on will
start auto play.
Note that when the disc is inserted, the CD symbol will
be displayed. If you select an EQ setting for your CD,
it will be activated each time you play a CD.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
If CHECK CD appears on the radio display and the disc
comes out, it could be that:
D The road is too rough. The disc should play when the
road is smoother.
D The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or upside down.
D The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error message, write it down and provide it
to your dealer when reporting the problem.
"" (1): Press and hold this button to advance quickly
within a track. Release it to play the passage. You will
hear sound at a reduced volume. The display will show
elapsed time.
3-34
RDM (3): Press this button to hear the tracks in random,
rather than sequential, order. RDM and the track number
will appear on the display.
AA (4): Press and hold this button to reverse quickly
within a track. Release it to play the passage. You will
hear sound at a reduced volume. The display will show
elapsed time.
EQ: Press EQ to select the desired preset equalization
setting while playing a compact disc. The equalization
will be automatically set whenever you play a
compact disc.
SEEK: Press the down arrow while playing a CD to
go to the start of the current track if more than eight
seconds have played. Press the up arrow to go to the
next track. If you hold the button or press it more than
once, the player will continue moving backward or
forward through the disc.
SCAN: Press and hold one of the SEEK arrows for
more than two seconds until SCAN appears on the
display and you hear a beep. Use SCAN to listen to each
selection for a few seconds. The disc will go to the next
selection, stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next
selection. Press this button again to stop scanning. The
sound will mute while scanning. SCAN and the track
number will appear on the display.
RCL: Press this button to see how long the current track
has been playing. To change what is normally shown on
the display (track or elapsed time), press the button until
you see the display you want, then hold the button until
the display flashes. While elapsed time is showing, CD
TIME will appear on the display.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a disc
is in the player.
CD-TAPE: With a CD in the player and the radio
playing, press this button to play a CD. Press AM-FM
to return to the radio when a CD is playing. Press
CD-TAPE to switch between the tape and compact disc
if both are loaded. The inactive tape or CD will remain
safely inside the radio for future listening. The display
will show TAPE and CD icons.
EJECT: Press this button located to the left of the
CD slot to remove the disc. The radio will play. EJECT
may be activated with either the ignition or radio off.
CDs may be loaded with the radio and ignition off if
this button is pressed first.
Radio Calibration
Your audio system has been calibrated for your vehicle
from the factory. If CALIBRATE appears on the display
it means that your radio has not been configured
properly for your vehicle and must be returned to the
dealership for service.
Rear Seat Audio (If Equipped)
This feature allows rear seat passengers to listen to any
of the music sources including AM-FM, automatic tone
control, cassette tapes or CDs. However, the rear seat
passengers can only control the music sources that the
front seat passengers are not listening to. For example,
rear seat passengers may listen to a cassette tape or CD
through headphones while the driver listens to the radio
through the front speakers. The rear seat passengers
have control of the volume for each set of headphones.
Be aware that the front seat audio controls always
override the rear seat audio controls.
Note that this feature is intended for rear seat passengers.
3-35
The following function is controlled by the primary
radio knob:
POWER-VOL: Push this knob twice to turn the
rear seat audio system on or off. ON or OFF will be
displayed for five seconds. The rear speakers will be
muted when the power is turned on. You may operate
the rear seat audio functions when the primary radio
power is off if the ignition is on.
The following functions are controlled by the rear seat
audio system buttons:
PWR: Press this button to turn the rear seat audio
system on or off. The rear speakers will be muted when
the power is turned on. You may operate the rear seat
audio functions even when the primary radio power
is off.
VOL: Press this knob lightly so it extends.
Turn the knob clockwise to increase volume and
counterclockwise to decrease volume. Push the knob
back into its stored position when you’re not using it.
The upper VOL knob controls the upper headphone
and the lower VOL knob controls the lower headphone.
3-36
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM,
FM1 and FM2. The display will show your frequency
selection. If the front passengers are already listening to
AM-FM, the rear seat audio controller will not switch
between the bands and cannot change the frequency.
SEEK: Press the up arrow to tune to the next higher
station and stay there. Press the down arrow to tune to
the next lower station and stay there. The display will
show your selection. The sound will mute while seeking.
The SEEK button is inactive if the AM-FM mode on
the front radio is in use.
If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM Stereo
with Cassette Tape Player and Equalizer, while listening
to a cassette tape, press the up arrow to hear the next
selection on the tape. Press the down arrow to go back
to the previous selection. The SEEK button is inactive if
the cassette mode on the front radio is in use.
If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM Stereo
with Compact Disc Player and Equalizer, while listening
to a compact disc, press the up arrow to hear the next
selection on the compact disc. Press the down arrow to
go back to the previous selection. The number of the
current track selection will appear on the display for five
seconds. The SEEK button is inactive if the CD mode
on the front radio is in use.
P.SET PROG: The front passengers must be listening
to something different for each of these functions
to work:
D Press this button to seek through your preset radio
stations set on your primary radio pushbuttons.
The display will show your selections.
D When a cassette tape is playing, press this button to
go to the other side of the tape.
TAPE CD: With a cassette tape in the player and the
radio playing, press this button to play a cassette tape.
Press TAPE CD to switch between the tape and compact
disc if both are loaded. Press AM-FM to return to the
radio when a cassette tape or compact disc is playing.
The inactive tape or CD will remain safely inside the
radio for future listening.
Theft-Deterrent Feature RDS Radios
THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of
your radio. The feature works automatically by learning
a portion of the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
If the radio is moved to a different vehicle, it will not
operate and LOCKED will be displayed.
With THEFTLOCK activated, your radio will not
operate if stolen.
Theft-Deterrent Feature (If Equipped)
Non-RDS Radios (Canada Only)
THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of
your radio. The feature works automatically by learning
a portion of the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
If the radio is moved to a different vehicle, it will not
operate and LOC will be displayed.
With THEFTLOCK activated, your radio will not
operate if stolen.
3-37
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
(If Equipped)
MUTE: Press this button to silence the system. Press it
again, or any other radio button, to turn on the sound.
SEEK: Press the up arrow to tune to the next radio
station and the down arrow to tune to the previous radio
station. If a cassette tape or compact disc is playing,
the player will advance to the next selection with the
up arrow and go to the previous selection with the
down arrow.
PRESET: Press this button to play a station you
have programmed on the radio preset buttons. When a
cassette tape is playing, press this button to change
tape sides.
If your vehicle has this feature, you can control certain
radio and remote playback functions using the buttons
on your steering wheel.
VOLUME: Press the up or down arrow to increase or
decrease volume.
PLAY: Press this button to play a cassette tape or
compact disc when the radio is playing.
3-38
AM FM: Press this button to choose AM, FM1 or FM2.
If a cassette tape or compact disc is playing, it will stop
and the radio will play.
Understanding Radio Reception
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
AM
D Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
D Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to come and go.
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud
and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio -- be sure you
can add what you want. If you can, it’s very
important to do it properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation of
your vehicle’s engine, Delphi Delco Electronics
radio or other systems, and even damage them.
Your vehicle’s systems may interfere with the
operation of sound equipment that has been
added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
3-39
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLN or
CLEAN to indicate that you have used your tape player
for 50 hours without resetting the tape clean timer. If
this message appears on the display, your cassette tape
player needs to be cleaned. It will still play tapes, but
you should clean it as soon as possible to prevent
damage to your tapes and player. If you notice a
reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassette to
see if it is the tape or the tape player at fault. If this other
cassette has no improvement in sound quality, clean the
tape player.
The recommended cleaning method for your cassette
tape player is the use of a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.
The recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealership (GM Part No. 12344789).
3-40
When using a scrubbing action, non-abrasive cleaning
cassette, it is normal for the cassette to eject because
your unit is equipped with a cut tape detection feature
and a cleaning cassette may appear as a broken tape.
To prevent the cleaning cassette from being ejected,
use the following steps.
1. Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
1. Turn the radio off.
2. Press and hold the TAPE button for five seconds.
CAS will flash on the display for five seconds.
3. Insert the scrubbing action cleaning cassette.
4. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
When the cleaning cassette has been ejected, the cut tape
detection feature is active again.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner may
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
After you clean the player, press and hold the cassette
eject symbol or EJT button for five seconds to reset the
CLEAN or CLN indicator. The radio will display
CLEANED or --- to show the indicator was reset.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may
degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette tape
is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Integrated Windshield Antenna
The antenna in your vehicle is a very thin, metal layer in
the windshield. If you look near the edges of the
windshield, you can see the outline of the antenna.
The connector is at the top of the windshield,
where the headliner ends.
If you experience difficulty with remote transmitters,
such as a garage door opener, try pointing the device
through the very top of the windshield.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or the
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
3-41
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also
included many other useful tips on driving.
4-2
4-3
4-6
4-6
4-9
4-11
4-13
4-13
4-15
4-16
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Traction Control System (Option)
Steering
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Driving at Night
4-17
4-20
4-21
4-22
4-23
4-23
4-25
4-29
4-29
4-32
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
4-
4-1
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to
be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they
might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable
of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to
brake or turn suddenly.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
4-2
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate
on the driving task. Anything that distracts from the
driving task -- such as concentrating on a cellular
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on
the floor -- makes proper defensive driving more
difficult and can even cause a collision, with resulting
injury. Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or
pull off the road in a safe place to do them yourself.
These simple defensive driving techniques could save
your life.
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
The obvious way to solve the leading highway safety
problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then
drive. But what if people do? How much is “too much”
if the driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many might
think. Although it depends on each person and situation,
here is some general information on the problem.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to
drive a vehicle:
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
Drunken Driving
D
D
D
D
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, over 17,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the
adult population -- choose never to drink alcohol, so
they never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
it’s against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
D The amount of alcohol consumed
D The drinker’s body weight
D The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
D The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
4-3
Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that
a woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC
of 0.10 percent. In a growing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, the limit is 0.08 percent. In some
other countries, it’s even lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen,
it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks,
and how quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example,
if the same person drank three double martinis
(3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the
person’s BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person
who consumes food just before or during drinking will
have a somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
4-4
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC
of 0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance
of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small amount
of alcohol. You can have a serious -- or even
fatal -- collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride with a
driver who has been drinking. Ride home in a
cab; or if you’re with a group, designate a driver
who will not drink.
4-5
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up
your foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second.
But that’s only an average. It might be less with one
driver and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency,
so keeping enough space between your vehicle and
others is important.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle. (Also see “Traction Control System”
in the Index.)
4-6
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of the
vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic.
This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to
cool between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out
much faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you
keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic following
distances, you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary
braking. That means better braking and longer
brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is
used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes (ABS). ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine, or when you begin to
drive away, your anti-lock brake system will check
itself. You may hear a momentary motor or clicking
noise while this test is going on, and you may even
notice that your brake pedal moves or pulses a little.
This is normal.
If there’s a problem with
the anti-lock brake system,
this warning light will stay
on. See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light”
in the Index.
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The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster
than any driver could. The computer is programmed to
make the most of available tire and road conditions.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in
front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with ABS.
You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each wheel.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
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Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel a
slight brake pedal pulsation or notice some noise, but
this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Traction Control System (Option)
Your vehicle may have a traction control system that
limits wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery
road conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that one or both of the front wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens, the
system works the front brakes and reduces engine
power to limit wheel spin.
The TRACTION ACTIVE message will come on
when the traction control system is limiting wheel spin.
See “Traction Active Message” in the Index.
You may feel or hear the system working, but this
is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
reengage the cruise control. (See “Cruise Control”
in the Index.)
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If this message comes on
and stays on or comes
on while you are driving,
there’s a problem with your
traction control system.
To turn the system off,
press the TCS button on the
center console switchbank.
See “Service Traction System Warning Message”
in the Index. When this warning message is on,
the TRAC OFF light will come on to remind you that
the system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
The traction control system automatically comes on
whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should always
leave the system on. But you can turn the traction control
system off if you ever need to. (You should turn the
system off if your vehicle ever gets stuck in sand, mud,
ice or snow. See “Rocking Your Vehicle” in the Index.)
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If the system is limiting wheel spin when you press the
button, the message will go off, but the system will
not turn off until there is no longer a current need to
limit wheel spin. The TRAC OFF light will come on to
remind you the system is off. You can turn the system
back on at any time by pressing the button again. The
traction control system warning message should go off.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer
but it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then you
suddenly accelerate. Both control systems -- steering and
acceleration -- have to do their work where the tires meet
the road. Adding the sudden acceleration can demand
too much of those places. You can lose control. Refer to
“Traction Control System” in the Index.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on
the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want
it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through
the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you’re
in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
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Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly
pulls out from nowhere, or a child darts out from
between parked cars and stops right in front of you.
You can avoid these problems by braking -- if you
can stop in time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t
room. That’s the time for evasive action -- steering
around the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies
like these. First apply your brakes. (See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlier in this section.) It is better to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left
or right depending on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always possible
is a good reason to practice defensive driving at all times
and wear safety belts properly.
4-12
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
D “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way,
steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the
pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to
one-quarter turn until the right front tire contacts the
pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel to go
straight down the roadway.
and to crossroads for situations that might affect your
passing patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever
about making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
D Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a turn
or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken center
line usually indicates it’s all right to pass (providing the
road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid line on your
side of the lane or a double solid line, even if the road
seems empty of approaching traffic.
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D Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one
thing, following too closely reduces your area of
vision, especially if you’re following a larger
vehicle. Also, you won’t have adequate space if the
vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
D When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and
don’t get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have
a “running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
D If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying
to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
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D Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
D Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the next
vehicle.
D Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
D If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps
you can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what happens
when the three control systems (brakes, steering and
acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the tires
meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer and
constantly seek an escape route or area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle. Defensive
drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable care suited
to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving” those
conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip
and lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid,
too much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal. If you have the “Traction Control
System,” remember: It helps avoid only the acceleration
skid. If you do not have this system, or if the system is
off, then an acceleration skid is also best handled by
easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try your
best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or braking
(including engine braking by shifting to a lower gear).
Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide. You
may not realize the surface is slippery until your vehicle
is skidding. Learn to recognize warning clues -- such as
enough water, ice or packed snow on the road to make a
“mirrored surface” -- and slow down when you have
any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
4-15
Driving at Night
D Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
D Since you can’t see as well, you may need to
D
D
D
slow down and keep more space between you and
other vehicles.
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
In remote areas, watch for animals.
If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One
reason is that some drivers are likely to be impaired -- by
alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.
Here are some tips on night driving.
D Drive defensively.
D Don’t drink and drive.
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What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes
will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even
several seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark.
When you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver
who doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid
staring directly into the approaching headlamps.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and
aren’t even aware of it.
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
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The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape
and keep your windshield washer tank filled with
washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper inserts
when they show signs of streaking or missing areas on
the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to separate
from the inserts.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to
one side. You could lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water or
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low.
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It can happen if a lot of water is standing on the road.
If you can see reflections from trees, telephone poles or
other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the water’s
surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning. The
best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles
or standing water, water can come in through
your engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces.
If you try to drive through flowing water, as you
might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can
be carried away. As little as six inches of flowing
water can carry away a smaller vehicle. If this
happens, you and the other vehicle occupants
could drown. Don’t ignore police warning signs,
and otherwise be very cautious about trying to
drive through flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
D Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
D Have good tires with proper tread depth.
(See “Tires” in the Index.)
4-19
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
D Know the best way to get to where you are going. Get
a city map and plan your trip into an unknown part of
the city just as you would for a cross-country trip.
D Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You’ll save time and energy.
(See the next part, “Freeway Driving.”)
D Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic light
is there because the corner is busy enough to need it.
When a light turns green, and just before you start
to move, check both ways for vehicles that have
not cleared the intersection or may be running the
red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-20
Freeway Driving
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to
the freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as
you drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin
to check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close
to the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal,
check your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as
often as necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the
traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to
the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit,
do not, under any circumstances, stop and back up.
Drive on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
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The exit speed is usually posted.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
D Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
D Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
D Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a
day’s work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that
first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and
shoes you can easily drive in.
D Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
D Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts in
Pontiac dealerships all across North America.
They’ll be ready and willing to help if you need it.
D Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
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the recommended pressure?
along your route? Should you delay your trip a
short time to avoid a major storm system?
D Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on
the road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the
wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy.
Don’t let it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can
leave the road in less than a second, and you could
crash and be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis?
First, be aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
D Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
D Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead
and to the sides. Check your mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
D If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service or parking area and take a nap, get some
exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness on
the highway as an emergency.
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If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can
make your trips safer and more enjoyable.
CAUTION:
D Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could get so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going down a hill.
You could crash. Always have your engine running
and your vehicle in gear when you go downhill.
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
D Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of the
slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
D Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
CAUTION:
If you don’t shift down, your brakes could get so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going down a hill.
You could crash. Shift down to let your engine
assist your brakes on a steep downhill slope.
D
D
D
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to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transaxle, and you can climb the hill better.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be
something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident.
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing
or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
Winter Driving
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and
reflective warning triangles. And, if you will be driving
under severe conditions, include a small bag of sand, a
piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags to help
provide traction. Be sure you properly secure these
items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet
the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll
have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very careful.
Here are some tips for winter driving:
D Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
D You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your vehicle.
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Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution.
If you have traction control, keep the system on.
It will improve your ability to accelerate when driving
on a slippery road. But you can turn the traction control
system off if you ever need to. (You should turn the
system off if your vehicle ever gets stuck in sand, mud,
ice or snow. See “Rocking Your Vehicle” in the Index.)
Even though your vehicle has a traction control system,
you’ll want to slow down and adjust your driving to the
road conditions. See “Traction Control System” in
the Index.
If you don’t have traction control, accelerate gently.
Try not to break the gentle traction. If you accelerate
too fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface
under the tires even more.
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
freezing (32_F; 0_C) and freezing rain begins to fall.
Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
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Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have an anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
D Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
D Watch for slippery spots. The road might be
fine until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice.
On an otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear
in shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass
may remain icy when the surrounding roads are
clear. If you see a patch of ice ahead of you,
brake before you are on it. Try not to brake while
you’re actually on the ice, and avoid sudden
steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and your
passengers safe:
D Turn on your hazard flashers.
4-27
D Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
D Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
4-28
CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle.
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill
you. You can’t see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around the base of your vehicle, especially any
that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again from time to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that’s away from the wind. This will help
keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on
with your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
Loading Your Vehicle
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with all four
wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must be towed,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
NOTICE:
Towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the
ground will damage drivetrain components.
The Certification/Tire label is found on the rear edge of
the driver’s door.
4-29
The label shows the size of your original tires and the
inflation pressures needed to obtain the gross weight
capacity of your vehicle. This is called the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
The Certification/Tire label also tells you the maximum
weights for the front and rear axles, called the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). To find out the actual
loads on your front and rear axles, you need to go to
a weigh station and weigh your vehicle. Your dealer can
help you with this. Be sure to spread out your load
equally on both sides of the centerline.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle or the GAWR
for either the front or rear axle.
CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the life
of your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or components
that fail because of overloading.
4-30
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else -- they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly,
or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn,
or in a crash.
D Put things in the cargo area of your vehicle.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
D Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
D Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint
in your vehicle.
D When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
D Don’t leave a seat folded down unless
you need to.
Electronic Level Control (Option)
On vehicles equipped with the optional electronic level
control, the rear of the vehicle is automatically kept
level as you load or unload your vehicle. However, you
should still not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR.
If the engine is running or the ignition key is in
ACCESSORY or when retained accessory power (RAP)
is active, you may hear the compressor operating when
you load or unload your vehicle, and periodically as the
system self-adjusts. This is normal. See “Retained
Accessory Power” in the Index.
The compressor should operate for brief periods of time.
If the sound continues for an extended period of time,
your vehicle needs service.
Using heavier suspension components to get added
durability might not change your weight ratings. Ask
your dealer to help you load your vehicle the right way.
4-31
Towing a Trailer
CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy,
the brakes may not work well -- or even at all.
You and your passengers could be seriously
injured. Pull a trailer only if you have followed
all the steps in this section. Ask your dealer for
advice and information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Pulling a trailer improperly can damage your
vehicle and result in costly repairs not covered by
your warranty. To pull a trailer correctly, follow
the advice in this part, and see your dealer for
important information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
4-32
Your vehicle can tow a trailer. To identify what
the vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle,
you should read the information in “Weight of
the Trailer” that appears later in this section. But
trailering is different than just driving your vehicle by
itself. Trailering means changes in handling, durability
and fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes
correct equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this section. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that
of your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine is
required to operate at relatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
D There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
D Consider using a sway control if your trailer will
weigh 2,000 lbs. (900 kg) or less. You should always
use a sway control if your trailer will weigh more
than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg). You can ask a hitch dealer
about sway controls.
D Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles
(800 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
D Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
D You should use THIRD (3) (or, as you need to,
a lower gear) when towing a trailer. Operating your
vehicle in THIRD (3) when towing a trailer will
minimize heat buildup and extend the life of
your transaxle.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
D the weight of the trailer,
D the weight of the trailer tongue
D and the weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,400 lbs. (630 kg)
with up to six occupants in the vehicle or more than
2,000 lbs. (900 kg) with up to two occupants. If you
have the optional trailer towing package, your vehicle
can tow up to 2,900 lbs. (1 300 kg) with up to six
occupants or up to 3,500 lbs. (1 575 kg) with up to
two occupants. But even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For example,
speed, altitude, road grades, outside temperature and
how much your vehicle is used to pull a trailer are all
important. And, it can also depend on any special
equipment that you have on your vehicle.
4-33
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Pontiac - GMC Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 436008
Pontiac, MI 48343-6008
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total or gross
weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight
(GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be
riding in the vehicle. And if you will tow a trailer, you
must add the tongue load to the GVW because your
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading
Your Vehicle” in the Index for more information about
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
4-34
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 10 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B). If you’re using a weight-distributing
hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12 percent of
the total loaded trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them
right simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the
Certification/Tire Label at the rear edge of the driver’s
door, or see “Tire Loading” in the Index. Then be sure
you don’t go over the GVW limit for your vehicle,
including the weight of the trailer tongue.
D If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will
weigh more than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg), be sure to use
a properly mounted, weight-carrying hitch and sway
control of the proper size. This equipment is very
important for proper vehicle loading and good
handling when you’re driving.
D Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch?
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads
are a few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch.
Here are some rules to follow:
If you do, then be sure to seal the holes later when
you remove the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get
into your vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide” in the
Index). Dirt and water can, too.
D The bumpers on your vehicle are not intended
for hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to them. Use only a
frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to
the bumper.
4-35
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the
tongue of the trailer to help prevent the tongue from
contacting the road if it becomes separated from the
hitch. Instructions about safety chains may be provided
by the hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching
safety chains and do not attach them to the bumper.
Always leave just enough slack so you can turn with
your rig. Never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than 1,000 lbs. (450 kg)
loaded, then it needs its own brakes -- and they must
be adequate. Be sure to read and follow the instructions
for the trailer brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust
and maintain them properly.
Because you have anti-lock brakes, do not try to tap
into your vehicle’s brake system. If you do, both brake
systems won’t work well, or at all.
4-36
Driving with a Trailer
CAUTION:
If you have a rear-most window open and you
pull a trailer with your vehicle, carbon monoxide
(CO) could come into your vehicle. You can’t see
or smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness or
death. (See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.)
To maximize your safety when towing a trailer:
D Have your exhaust system inspected for
leaks, and make necessary repairs before
starting on your trip.
D Keep the rear-most windows closed.
D If exhaust does come into your vehicle
through a window in the rear or another
opening, drive with your front, main
heating or cooling system on and with the
fan on any speed. This will bring fresh,
outside air into your vehicle. Do not use
RECIRCULATION because it only
recirculates the air inside your vehicle.
(See “Comfort Controls” in the Index.)
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to
get to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel
of handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you
are driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Following Distance
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good
deal longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond
the passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as
you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer.
This can help you avoid situations that require heavy
braking and sudden turns.
Passing
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that
hand to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move
your hand to the right. Always back up slowly and,
if possible, have someone guide you.
4-37
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns than
normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders,
curbs, road signs, trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or
sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have
extra wiring.
The arrows on your instrument panel will flash whenever
you signal a turn or lane change. Properly hooked up,
the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other drivers
you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
4-38
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind you
are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s important
to check occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are
still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you
start down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t
shift down, you might have to use your brakes so
much that they would get hot and no longer work well.
If you are towing a trailer that weighs more than
1,000 lbs. (450 kg), you may prefer to drive in
THIRD (3) instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D)
(or, as you need to, a lower gear). This will minimize
heat build-up and extend the life of your transaxle.
Parking on Hills
CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with a
trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People can
be injured, and both your vehicle and the trailer
can be damaged.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
D Start your engine;
D Shift into a gear; and
D Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your
parking brake, and then shift to PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, belts, cooling system and brake system.
Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index
will help you find them quickly. If you’re trailering,
it’s a good idea to review these sections before you
start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and
bolts are tight.
4-39
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.
5-2
5-2
5-3
5-8
5-9
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
5-12
5-20
5-21
5-32
5-33
Cooling System
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
Compact Spare Tire
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
5-
5-1
Hazard Warning Flashers
Your hazard warning
flashers button is located on
top of the steering column.
Press the button in to turn
on your flashers.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
To turn off the flashers, push the button down and it
will pop back up by itself.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
5-2
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals won’t work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. But please use the following steps listed to
do it safely.
On vehicles equipped with the optional power sliding
door, a low-voltage battery or replacing a battery may
cause the system to become inoperative. See “Power
Sliding Door” in the Index for more information.
CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
D They contain acid that can burn you.
D They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
D They contain enough electricity to burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some or
all of these things can hurt you.
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result in costly
damage to your vehicle that wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty.
The ACDelcoR battery in your vehicle has a
built-in hydrometer. Do not charge, test or
jump start the battery if the hydrometer looks
clear or light yellow. Replace the battery when
there is a clear or light yellow hydrometer and
a cranking complaint.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
5-3
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able
to start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump start procedure. Put an automatic transaxle
in PARK (P) or a manual transaxle in NEUTRAL
before setting the parking brake.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or accessory power outlet. Turn off all lamps
that aren’t needed, as well as radios. This will avoid
sparks and help save both batteries. In addition,
it could save your radio!
5-4
NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the
positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on each battery.
CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
5. Your vehicle has a
remote positive (+) jump
starting terminal. The
terminal is under a
tethered cap at the front
of the underhood fuse
and relay center.
Squeeze the tabs and pull up on the cap to access the
remote positive (+) terminal.
You should always use the remote positive (+)
terminal instead of the positive (+) terminal
on your battery.
CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You don’t
need to add water to the ACDelcoR battery
installed in every new GM vehicle. But if a
battery has filler caps, be sure the right amount
of fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take
care of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas
could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
5-5
6. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) and negative (-) will go to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or a body metal surface.
Don’t connect positive (+) to negative (-) or you will
get a short that would damage the battery and maybe
other parts, too. And don’t connect negative (-)
to negative (-) on the dead battery, as this can
cause sparks.
CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engine is running.
5-6
7. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the vehicle with the dead battery. Use a
remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
8. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal
if the vehicle has one.
9. Now connect the
black negative (-) cable
to the good battery’s
negative (-) terminal.
10. Attach the cable at least
18 inches (45 cm) away
from the dead battery,
but not near engine
parts that move.
The electrical
connection is just as
good there, but the
chance of sparks
getting back to the
battery is much less.
Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next
step. The other end of the negative (-) cable doesn’t
go to the dead battery. It goes to a heavy unpainted
metal part on the engine of the vehicle with the
dead battery.
11. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
12. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably
needs service.
13. Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent
electrical shorting. Take care that they don’t touch
each other or any other metal.
5-7
Towing Your Vehicle
CAUTION:
Removal Procedure
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C. Dead Battery
5-8
To help avoid serious personal injury to you
or others:
D Never let passengers ride in a vehicle that is
being towed.
D Never tow faster than safe or posted speeds.
D Never tow with damaged parts not
fully secured.
D Never get under your vehicle after it has
been lifted by the tow truck.
D Always secure the vehicle on each side with
separate safety chains when towing it.
D Use only the correct hooks.
NOTICE:
Use the proper towing equipment to avoid
damage to the bumper, fascia or fog lamp areas
of the vehicle.
With current trends in automotive styles and design,
it is essential that the correct towing equipment is used
to tow a vehicle. Your vehicle can be towed with wheel
lift or car carrier equipment.
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your vehicle towed. See “Roadside
Assistance” in the Index.
Engine Overheating
You will find an Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on
your vehicle’s instrument panel. See “Engine Coolant
Temperature Gage”in the Index. You also have an
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning Message and a
Low Coolant Level Warning Message on your
instrument panel. See “Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Message” and “Low Coolant Level Warning
Message” in the Index.
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
This emergency operating mode allows your vehicle
to be driven to a safe place in an emergency situation.
Should an overheated engine condition exist, an
overheat protection mode which alternates firing groups
of cylinders helps prevent engine damage. In this mode,
you will notice a significant loss in power and engine
performance. The low coolant level message may come
on and the temperature gage will indicate an overheat
condition exists. Towing a trailer in the overheat
protection mode should be avoided.
NOTICE:
After driving in the overheated engine protection
operating mode, to avoid engine damage, allow
the engine to cool before attempting any repair.
The engine oil will be severely degraded. Repair
the cause of coolant loss and change the oil.
See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
5-9
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn you
badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant before you
open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You or
others could be badly burned. Stop your engine
if it overheats, and get out of the vehicle until
the engine is cool. See “Overheated Engine
Protection Operating Mode” in the Index.
5-10
NOTICE:
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. If your air conditioner is on, turn it off.
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. See “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” in the Index.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get an engine overheat warning but see or hear no
steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little too hot when you:
D
D
D
D
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D)
or THIRD (3).
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you
can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about
10 minutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on,
you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park
your vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, idle the engine for
three minutes while you’re parked. If you still have the
warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out of
the vehicle until it cools down. Also, see “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” listed previously
in this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
5-11
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood can
start up even when the engine is not running and
can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down.
A. Radiator Pressure Cap
B. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
C. Coolant Recovery Tank
5-12
CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them.
If you do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before you drive the vehicle.
When the engine is cold, the coolant level should be at
or above the FULL COLD mark. If it isn’t, you may
have a leak in the radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator,
water pump or somewhere else in the cooling system.
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” in the Index.
5-13
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you
use only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check
to see if the electric engine cooling fans are running.
If the engine is overheating, both fans should be
running. If they aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
5-14
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at or above the FULL COLD mark, add a 50/50
mixture of clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOLR
engine coolant at the coolant recovery tank. (See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for more information.)
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
NOTICE:
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at or
above the FULL COLD mark, start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more
thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant
mixture directly to the radiator, but be sure the cooling
system is cool before you do it.
5-15
CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn the radiator
pressure cap -- even a little -- they can come
out at high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator pressure
cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system and the
radiator pressure cap to cool if you ever have to
turn the pressure cap.
5-16
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator pressure cap
and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot. Turn
the pressure cap slowly counterclockwise until it
first stops. (Don’t press down while turning the
pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap, but now push
down as you turn it. Remove the pressure cap.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
5-17
Bypass Tube
Housing
3. After the engine cools, open the coolant air bleed valves.
There are two bleed valves. One is located on the
thermostat housing. The other is located on the
thermostat bypass tube.
4. Fill the radiator with the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture, up to the base of the filler neck.
(See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for more
information about the proper coolant mixture.)
If you see a stream of coolant coming from an
air bleed valve, close the valve. Otherwise, close the
valves after the radiator is filled.
5. Rinse or wipe any spilled coolant from the engine
and the compartment.
5-18
6. Start the engine and let it run until you can feel the
upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine cooling fans.
7. By this time, the coolant level inside the radiator
filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper DEX-COOLR coolant mixture
through the filler neck until the level reaches the
base of the filler neck.
8. Then replace the pressure cap. At any time during
this procedure if coolant begins to flow out of the
filler neck, reinstall the pressure cap. Be sure the
arrows on the pressure cap line up like this.
5-19
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off
the accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake
to a stop well out of the traffic lane.
9. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to the
FULL COLD mark.
10. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in
a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from
the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may
be very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer.
Gently brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-20
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
CAUTION:
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over you or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t move,
you can put blocks at the front and rear of the
tire farthest away from the one being changed.
That would be the tire on the other side of the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
5-21
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you’ll need
is located in the storage
compartment at the rear
of the vehicle, on the
passenger’s side.
1. Remove the side convenience net.
2. Open the jack storage compartment by lifting up the
tab and pulling the cover off.
A. Jack
B. Strap
C. Bracket
D. Wing Nut
E. Jacking Instructions
F. Bag and Tools
Remove the jack and jacking tools by loosening the
wing nut and bracket.
Separate the plastic pouch from the jack and remove
the jacking tools (folding wrench and extension) from
the pouch.
5-22
The compact spare tire is located under the vehicle,
ahead of the rear bumper. (See “Compact Spare Tire”
later in this section for more information about the
compact spare.) Attach the folding wrench to the
extension and insert the chisel end on an angle through
the hole in the rear bumper and into the hoist shaft.
Then, turn the folding wrench counterclockwise to
lower the spare tire to the ground. Continue to turn
the wrench so the spare tire can be pulled out from
under the vehicle.
A. Hoist Shaft
B. Hoist Assembly
C. Retainer
D. Spare Tire
E. Extension
(Chisel End)
F. Folding Wrench
5-23
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A), extension
(B) and folding wrench (C).
Tilt the retainer at the end of the cable so it can be pulled
up through the wheel opening.
5-24
2. Loosen the wheel
nuts -- but do not
remove them -- using
the folding wrench.
(Turn the handle about
180 degrees, then flip
the handle back to
the starting position.
This avoids taking the
wrench off the lug nut
for each turn.)
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire
1. With the end of the folding wrench, loosen the nuts.
For wheels with a wheel lock key, use the wheel lock
key between the lock nut and folding wrench. The
key is supplied in the front passenger door pocket.
NOTICE:
If your vehicle has the plastic “bolt-on” wheel
covers, loosen them completely using the folding
wrench, and remove the wheel cover.
To help avoid damage to lock nut or wheel lock
key, do not use an impact wrench with this key.
5-25
NOTICE:
Do not place the jack under the rear axle
control arms. Only use the areas shown for
proper jack location.
Do not raise the vehicle yet. Put the compact spare
tire near you.
CAUTION:
3. Near each wheel,
there is a notch in
the vehicle’s body.
Position the jack
and raise the jack
head until it fits
firmly into the
notch in the
vehicle’s frame
nearest the flat tire.
5-26
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
6. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
CAUTION:
7. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even make
the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal injury and
vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack lift head
into the proper location before raising the vehicle.
4. Attach the folding
wrench to the jack,
and turn the wrench
clockwise to raise the
jack head a few inches.
5. Raise the vehicle by turning the folding wrench
clockwise in the jack. Raise the vehicle far enough
off the ground so there is enough room for the spare
tire to fit.
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts become
loose after a time. The wheel could come off and
cause an accident. When you change a wheel,
remove any rust or dirt from the places where
the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency,
you can use a cloth or a paper towel to do this;
but be sure to use a scraper or wire brush later,
if you need to, to get all the rust or dirt off.
5-27
CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
8. Install the spare tire and put the wheel nuts back on
with the rounded end of the nuts toward the wheel.
Tighten each nut by hand until the wheel is held
against the hub.
9. Lower the vehicle by attaching the folding wheel
wrench to the jack and turning the wrench
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
5-28
10. Tighten the wheel
nuts firmly
in a crisscross
sequence,
as shown.
CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to an accident.
Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to get new GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench
to 100 lb-ft (140 N·m).
NOTICE:
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
11. Don’t try to put a wheel cover on the compact spare
tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover securely in
the rear of the vehicle until you have the flat tire
repaired or replaced.
NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare.
If you try to put a wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
5-29
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
1. Lay the tire near the rear of the vehicle with the
valve stem down.
2. Slide the cable retainer through the center of the
wheel and start to raise the tire.
Make sure the retainer is fully seated across the
underside of the wheel.
3. When the tire is almost in the stored position,
turn the tire so the valve is towards the rear of
the vehicle.
This will help when you check and maintain tire
pressure in the spare.
4. Raise the tire fully against the underside of the
vehicle. Continue turning the folding wrench until
the tire is secure and the cable is tight. The spare tire
hoist cannot be overtightened.
5-30
5. Make sure the tire is stored securely. Push, pull, and
then try to rotate or turn the tire. If the tire moves,
use the folding wrench to tighten the cable.
Put back all tools as they were stored in the jack storage
compartment and put the compartment cover back on.
To put the cover back on, line up the tabs on the right
of the cover with the slots in the cover opening. Push the
cover in place and push down the tab so that it rests in
the groove. This secures the cover in place.
A. Strap
B. Bag and Tools
C. Jack
Unless you have the plastic “bolt-on” wheel covers, be
sure to also store the center cap. When you replace the
compact spare with a full-size tire, reinstall the bolt-on
wheel covers and the center cap. Tighten them “hand
tight” over the wheel nuts, using the folding wrench.
5-31
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated
when your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle,
you should stop as soon as possible and make sure
your spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact
spare is made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph
(105 km/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km),
so you can finish your trip and have your full-size tire
repaired or replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best
to replace your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you
can. Your spare will last longer and be in good shape in
case you need it again.
NOTICE:
When the compact spare is installed, don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can get caught on
the rails. That can damage the tire and wheel, and
maybe other parts of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare
tire and its wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare. Using
them can damage your vehicle and can damage
the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your
compact spare.
5-32
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
NOTICE:
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you don’t want to spin your
wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking” can
help you get out when you’re stuck, but you must
use caution.
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels
too fast while shifting your transaxle back and
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can
explode, and you or others could be injured.
And, the transaxle or other parts of the vehicle
can overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. If your vehicle
has traction control, you should turn your traction
control system off. (See “Traction Control System”
in the Index.) Then shift back and forth between
REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the wheels
as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal while
you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal
when the transaxle is in gear. By slowly spinning your
wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you will
cause a rocking motion that may free your vehicle.
If that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may
need to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
5-33
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find information about the care of your vehicle. This section begins with service and fuel information,
and then it shows how to check important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical information about your
vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.
6-2
6-3
6-5
6-5
6-7
6-8
6-11
6-15
6-16
6-18
6-21
6-24
6-24
6-25
6-26
Service
Fuel
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under the Hood
Engine Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Passenger Compartment Air
Filter Replacement
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Engine Coolant
Radiator Pressure Cap
Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
Brakes
6-30
6-31
6-38
6-40
6-48
6-48
6-52
6-55
6-55
6-56
6-57
6-57
6-65
6-65
6-66
Battery
Bulb Replacement
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Underbody Maintenance
Chemical Paint Spotting
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Electrical System
Replacement Bulbs
Capacities and Specifications
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
6-
6-1
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to use the proper service manual. It tells you much
more about how to service your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
6-2
CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
D Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
D Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind noise
and affect windshield washer performance. Check with
your dealer before adding equipment to the outside of
your vehicle.
Fuel
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher. It is recommended that the gasoline meet
specifications which have been developed by the
American Automobile Manufacturers Association
(AAMA) and endorsed by the Canadian Motor Vehicle
Manufacturers Association for better vehicle
performance and engine protection. Gasolines meeting
the AAMA specification could provide improved
driveability and emission control system performance
compared to other gasolines.
Be sure the posted octane is at least 87. If the octane is
less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when
you drive. If it’s bad enough, it can damage your engine.
If you’re using fuel rated at 87 octane or higher and you
hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service. But
don’t worry if you hear a little pinging noise when
you’re accelerating or driving up a hill. That’s normal,
and you don’t have to buy a higher octane fuel to get rid
of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock that means
you have a problem.
6-3
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (indicated on the underhood emission control
label), it is designed to operate on fuels that meet
California specifications. If such fuels are not available
in states adopting California emissions standards,
your vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting
federal specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp on your instrument panel may turn on and/or your
vehicle may fail a smog-check test. (See “Malfunction
Indicator Lamp” in the Index.) If this occurs,
return to your authorized Pontiac dealer for diagnosis
to determine the cause of failure. In the event it is
determined that the cause of the condition is the type of
fuels used, repairs may not be covered by your warranty.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent deposits from forming in your engine and fuel
system, allowing your emission control system to
function properly. Therefore, you should not have to
add anything to the fuel. In addition, gasolines
containing oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and
reformulated gasolines may be available in your area to
contribute to clean air. General Motors recommends that
you use these gasolines, particularly if they comply with
the specifications described earlier.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask your service station operator whether or
not the fuel contains MMT. General Motors does not
recommend the use of such gasolines. If fuels containing
MMT are used, spark plug life may be reduced and your
emission control system performance may be affected.
The malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument
panel may turn on. If this occurs, return to your
authorized Pontiac dealer for service.
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use it. It can corrode
metal parts in your fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered under your warranty.
6-4
NOTICE:
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the United
States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard to find. Never
use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not recommended in
the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs caused by use of
improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
You can also write us at the following address for
advice. Just tell us where you’re going and give your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Filling Your Tank
CAUTION:
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
The fuel filler door is located on the driver’s side of
the vehicle.
When the fuel door is opened on a vehicle with dual
sliding doors, the driver’s side sliding door will only
open partway.
6-5
CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on yourself and then
something ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray out on you if you open the
fuel filler cap too quickly. This spray can happen
if your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in
hot weather. Open the fuel filler cap slowly and
wait for any “hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew
the cap all the way.
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
While refueling, let the cap hang by the tether as shown.
To remove the cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The cap has a spring in it; if you let
go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to the right.
6-6
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
The malfunction indicator lamp (SERVICE ENGINE
SOON or CHECK ENGINE light) will come on if the
fuel cap is not properly installed.
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
CAUTION:
NOTICE:
If you need a new cap, be sure to get the right
type. Your dealer can get one for you. If you get
the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This may
cause your malfunction indicator lamp to light
and your fuel tank and emissions system may be
damaged. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the gasoline vapor. You can
be badly burned and your vehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoid injury to you and others:
D Dispense gasoline only into
approved containers.
D Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
D Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
D Don’t smoke while pumping gasoline.
6-7
Checking Things Under the Hood
Hood Release
CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up and
injure you even when the engine is not running.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like fuel, oil,
coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and other
fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others could
be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill things
that will burn onto a hot engine.
6-8
To open the hood:
1. Pull the hood release handle, located on the driver’s
side under the instrument panel.
5. Put the end of the hood
prop into the slot in the
underside of the hood.
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and push up on the
underhood release.
3. Lift the hood.
The hood prop may be hot due to increased engine
temperatures under the hood, so be careful when
handling it. Use your hood prop sleeve when
handling the hood prop.
4. Pull forward on the hood prop to release it from its
storage clip.
6-9
When you lift the hood, you’ll see these items:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
Underhood Fuse and Relay Center
Remote Positive (+) Terminal
Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir
Radiator Pressure Cap
Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
Engine Oil Fill Cap
6-10
G.
H.
I.
J.
K.
Engine Oil Dipstick
Transaxle Fluid Dipstick
Brake Master Cylinder
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Engine Coolant Reservoir
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are on
properly then follow these steps:
1. Lift the hood to relieve pressure on the hood prop.
2. Remove the hood prop from the slot in the hood.
3. Return the prop to its retainer.
4. Let the hood down and close it firmly.
The engine oil dipstick
is located at the
front of the engine
compartment, near the
center. The dipstick
handle has a bright,
yellow loop design for
easy identification.
Engine Oil
If the LOW ENG OIL
LEVEL message appears
on the instrument panel,
it means you need to
check your engine oil
level right away.
For more information, see “Low Engine Oil Level
Message” in the Index.
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
You should check your engine oil level regularly;
this is an added reminder.
Checking Engine Oil
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
6-11
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the ADD mark, then you’ll need
to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use the
right kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use.
For crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and
Specifications” in the Index.
The engine oil fill cap is
located just behind the
engine oil dipstick.
NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil. If your engine has so
much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could be damaged.
6-12
Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the starburst symbol.
This symbol indicates that the oil has been certified by
the American Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any
oil which does not carry this starburst symbol.
If you change your own oil,
be sure you use oil that has
the starburst symbol on the
front of the oil container.
If you have your oil
changed for you, be sure
the oil put into your engine
is American Petroleum
Institute certified for
gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
6-13
As shown in the chart, SAE 5W-30 is best for your
vehicle. However, you can use SAE 10W-30 if it’s going
to be 0 F (-18 C) or above. These numbers on an oil
container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils, such as SAE 20W-50.
_
_
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol are all you will need for good
performance and engine protection.
When to Change Engine Oil
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oil can result in engine damage
not covered by your warranty.
GM GoodwrenchR oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area where the temperature falls below
-20_F (-29_C), consider using either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
6-14
Your vehicle has a computer that lets you know when to
change your engine oil. This is not based on mileage,
but on engine revolutions and engine operating
temperature. When the computer has calculated that the
oil needs changing, the GM Oil Life System will
indicate that a change is necessary. The mileage between
oil and filter changes will vary depending on how you
drive your vehicle -- usually between 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) and 7,500 miles (12 500 km) since your
last oil and filter change. Under severe conditions,
the system may come on before 3,000 miles (5 000 km).
Never drive your vehicle more than 7,500 miles
(12 500 km) or 12 months (whichever occurs first)
without an oil change.
t
The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So, if you drive
in a dusty area, be sure to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or sooner. Remember to
reset the CHANGE ENGINE OIL message whenever
the oil is changed.
How to Reset the CHANGE ENGINE OIL Message
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
1. With the ignition key in RUN but the engine off,
fully push and release the accelerator pedal slowly
three times within five seconds.
2. Turn the key to OFF.
If the CHANGE ENGINE OIL message comes
back on, the engine oil life monitor has not reset.
Repeat the procedure.
What to Do with Used Oil
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain elements
that may be unhealthy for your skin and could even cause
cancer? Don’t let used oil stay on your skin for very long.
Clean your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good
hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw away clothing or rags
containing used engine oil. (See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.)
Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil
from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of oil by
putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers,
or into streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by
taking it to a place that collects used oil. If you have a
problem properly disposing of your used oil, ask your
dealer, a service station or a local recycling center for help.
The air cleaner is located at the front of the engine
compartment, on the driver’s side of the vehicle,
under the engine coolant reservoir.
6-15
Checking or Replacing the Air Cleaner/Filter
1. Unlatch the two hooks on top of the air
cleaner housing.
2. Turn back the air inlet panel and rest it on top of the
housing. The air intake tube is designed to flex back;
you do not need to disconnect it.
3. After replacing the air cleaner filter, seat the tabs on
the bottom of the panel into the slots at the bottom.
4. Latch the hooks to secure the panel in place. If the
panel moves easily, check that the tabs are seated
correctly in the slots.
CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned. The air
cleaner not only cleans the air, it stops flame if
the engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and the
engine backfires, you could be burned. Don’t
drive with it off, and be careful working on the
engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
6-16
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can cause
a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily get
into your engine, which will damage it. Always
have the air cleaner/filter in place when
you’re driving.
Passenger Compartment Air
Filter Replacement
Passenger compartment air, both outside and
recirculated air, is routed through a passenger
compartment filter, which is part of a two-piece filter
system. The filter removes certain contaminants from
the air, including pollen and dust particles, as well as
odors such as exhaust or fuel fumes. Reductions in
airflow, which may occur more quickly in dusty areas,
indicate that the filter needs to be replaced early.
For how often to change the air filter, see “Scheduled
Maintenance” in the Index.
The access panel for the passenger compartment air
filter is located in the back of the glove box.
1. Pull the tab up and out on the outer access panel.
2. Then squeeze the tab on the left of the inner access panel.
3. The first air filter will pull straight out. To remove
the second, reach in and slide it toward the opening.
Pull the second filter out.
4. Replace the filters by reversing Step 3. Make sure
the filters are inserted so that the sealing foam is
angled in the same direction on both filters. For the
type of filter to use, see “Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts” in the Index.
5. Close the inner access door, while squeezing the tab.
Be sure it is tightly closed.
6. Snap the outer access panel into the back of the
glove box.
6-17
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
NOTICE:
When to Check and Change
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the
fluid could come out and fall on hot engine parts
or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be sure to
get an accurate reading if you check your
transaxle fluid.
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
D In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
D In hilly or mountainous terrain.
D When doing frequent trailer towing.
D Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, change the fluid and filter at
100,000 miles (166 000 km).
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
How to Check
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at the dealership service department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
6-18
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
D
D
D
D
When outside temperatures are above 90_F (32_C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180_F to
200_F (82_C to 93_C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above
50_F (10_C). If it’s colder than 50_F (10_C),
you may have to drive longer.
Checking the Fluid Level
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
D Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the
engine running.
D With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
D With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
D Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
The dipstick is located toward the back of the engine
compartment, next to the brake master cylinder.
The dipstick has a bright, red loop design for
easy identification.
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
6-19
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than
one pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfill.
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower
level. The fluid level must be in the cross-hatched area.
NOTICE:
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range,
push the dipstick back in all the way.
We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRONR-III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other than
DEXRONR-III is not covered by your new
vehicle warranty.
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on
the dipstick.
6-20
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOLR engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOLR extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem with
engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant will:
D
D
D
D
D
Give freezing protection down to -34_F (-37_C).
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you
use only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
Give boiling protection up to 265_F (129_C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning messages and gages work as
they should.
6-21
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOLR coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture,
you don’t need to add anything else.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
6-22
NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolant mixture, your
engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can
freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core
and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant, you don’t have to
add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to
improve the system. These can be harmful.
If the LOW COOLANT
LEVEL message comes
on and stays on, it
means you’re low on
engine coolant.
Checking Coolant
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture at the coolant recovery tank.
CAUTION:
The engine coolant reservoir is located on the driver’s
side of the vehicle, above the engine air cleaner/filter.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the FULL
COLD mark, or a little higher. When your engine is
warm, the level should be above the FULL COLD mark
or a little higher.
Turning the radiator pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly.
With the coolant recovery tank, you will almost
never have to add coolant at the radiator.
Never turn the radiator pressure cap -- even a
little -- when the engine and radiator are hot.
6-23
Add coolant mixture at the recovery tank, but be careful
not to spill it.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
Occasionally check the coolant level in the radiator.
For information on how to add coolant to the radiator,
see “Cooling System” in the Index.
Radiator Pressure Cap
NOTICE:
Your radiator cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
from overheating. Be sure the arrows on the cap
line up with the overflow tube on the radiator
filler neck.
Power Steering Fluid
The power steering fluid
reservoir is located to the
right of the windshield
washer fluid reservoir,
at the back of the
engine compartment.
6-24
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
What to Use
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Turn the key off, let the engine compartment cool down,
wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean, then
unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
When the engine compartment is hot, the level should be
at the “H” mark. When it’s cold, the level should be at
the “C” mark. If the fluid is at the ADD mark, you
should add fluid.
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
The windshield washer fluid
reservoir is located on the
passenger’s side of the
engine compartment, near
the fuse and relay center.
Open the cap labeled
WASHER FLUID ONLY.
Add washer fluid until the
tank is full.
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
6-25
NOTICE:
D When using concentrated washer fluid,
D
D
D
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other parts of the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it’s very cold.
This allows for expansion if freezing occurs,
which could damage the tank if it is
completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
6-26
Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is here. It is filled
with DOT-3 brake fluid.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake
fluid goes down to an acceptable level during normal
brake lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid
level goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is
leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you should have
your brake system fixed, since a leak means that sooner
or later your brakes won’t work well, or won’t work
at all.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
United States
Canada
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. See “Brake System Warning
Light” in the Index.
CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is hot
enough. You or others could be burned, and your
vehicle could be damaged. Add brake fluid
only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
6-27
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Refer to “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index. Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only.
NOTICE:
D Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
D
brake system parts. For example, just a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brake system can damage brake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to be
replaced. Don’t let someone put in the
wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can be
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
on your vehicle. If you do, wash it off
immediately. See “Appearance Care” in
the Index.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has front disc brakes and rear drum brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make a
high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are
worn and new pads are needed. The sound may come and
go or be heard all the time your vehicle is moving (except
when you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly).
6-28
CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to
an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly torque wheel nuts in the
proper sequence to GM specifications.
Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators, but if
you ever hear a rear brake rubbing noise, have the rear
brake linings inspected immediately. Also, the rear
brake drums should be removed and inspected each time
the tires are removed for rotation or changing. When
you have the front brake pads replaced, have the rear
brakes inspected, too.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
See “Brake System Inspection” in Section 7
of this manual under Part C “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections.”
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
6-29
Replacing Brake System Parts
Vehicle Storage
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together
if the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your
vehicle was designed and tested with top-quality GM
brake parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system -- for example, when your brake linings wear
down and you have to have new ones put in -- be sure
you get new approved GM replacement parts. If you
don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly. For
example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong
for your vehicle, the balance between your front and
rear brakes can change -- for the worse. The braking
performance you’ve come to expect can change in many
other ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement
brake parts.
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days or
more, remove the black, negative (-) cable from the battery.
This will help keep your battery from running down.
Battery
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelcoR battery. When it’s time for a new battery, get
one that has the replacement number shown on the original
battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco battery.
6-30
CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
Bulb Replacement
Headlamps
For the type of bulbs, see “Replacement Bulbs” in
the Index.
1. Open the hood.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer’s service department.
2. Remove the front turn signal/parking lamp assembly.
See “Front Turn Signal/Parking Lamps” later in
this section.
Halogen Bulbs
CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
3. Remove the two wing nuts located on top of the
headlamp assembly.
6-31
4. Unscrew the black retainer ring that holds the bulb
assembly in place.
5. Pull the bulb assembly straight up from the
lamp housing.
6. Unhook the electrical connector by lifting up the
blue tabs and pulling the bulb out.
6-32
7. Install the new bulb through the black retainer ring
and into the electrical connector. Push the bulb
firmly enough so that the blue tabs hook over the tab
on the bulb.
8. Carefully put the bulb assembly back into the lamp
housing and tighten the black retainer ring in place.
Be careful not to damage the bulb on the headlamp
aiming bar.
9. Align the pins on the bottom of the headlamp
assembly with the holes in the lamp support bracket
while placing the holes in the assembly over the
bolts where the wing nuts attach.
10. Reinstall and tighten the wing nuts.
11. Reinstall the parking/turn signal lamp assembly by
lining up the tabs at the back of the assembly with
the holes in the fender.
12. Tighten the bolt connecting the parking/turn signal
lamp assembly. Be sure the tab from the
parking/turn signal lamp assembly is inboard of the
tab from the headlamp assembly.
6-33
Front Turn Signal/Parking Lamps
1. Open the hood.
5. Replace the bulb by pulling the old one out and
gently pushing the new one into the lamp socket.
2. Remove the thumb screw attaching the parking/turn
signal lamp assembly to the headlamp assembly.
3. Pull the parking/turn signal lamp assembly away
from the vehicle.
4. Unscrew the bulb socket from the lamp assembly by
pressing the tab while turning counterclockwise.
6-34
6. Line up the tabs on the socket with the gaps in the
socket holes and screw the bulb socket back into the
lamp housing until a click is heard (the tab popping
back out).
Front Sidemarker
1. Open the hood.
7. To reinstall the lamp assembly, line up and insert the
tabs on the back of the assembly with the slots in the
fender. Engage the lower clip on the front of the
lamp assembly, keeping the upper tab on the
parking/turn signal lamp assembly inboard of the
headlamp bracket tab.
8. To align the parking/turn signal lamp assembly with the
headlamp assembly, lift up the parking/turn signal lamp
assembly until the upper edge is contacting the fender.
9. Fasten the parking/turn signal lamp assembly to the
headlamp assembly with the thumb screw removed
in Step 2.
2. Remove the thumb screw attaching the parking/turn
signal lamp assembly to the headlamp assembly.
3. Pull the parking/turn signal lamp assembly away
from the vehicle.
4. Unscrew the bulb socket from the lamp assembly by
turning it counterclockwise.
6-35
5. Replace the bulb by pulling the old one out and
gently pushing the new one into the lamp socket.
6. Line up the tabs on the socket with the gaps in the
socket holes and screw the bulb socket back into the
lamp housing.
7. To reinstall the lamp assembly, line up and insert the tabs
on the back of the assembly with the slots in the fender.
Engage the lower clip on the front of the lamp assembly,
keeping the upper tab on the parking/turn signal lamp
assembly inboard of the headlamp bracket tab.
8. To align the parking/turn signal lamp assembly with
the headlamp assembly, lift up the parking/turn
signal lamp assembly until the upper edge is
contacting the fender.
9. Fasten the parking/turn signal lamp assembly to the
headlamp assembly with the thumb screw removed
in Step 2.
6-36
Taillamps
1. Open the liftgate.
5. Replace the bulb(s) by pulling the old one(s) out and
gently pushing the new one(s) into the bulb
holder socket.
2. Remove the two screws from the taillamp housing
on the inboard side.
3. Pull off the entire taillamp housing.
The locator/retaining pins on the outboard side are
part of the lamp assembly and will remain intact
during removal.
4. Remove the bulb holder by pressing the four retaining
tabs and pulling the holder away from the assembly.
A. Taillamp Bulb
B. Back-Up Lamp Bulb
C. Turn Signal Lamp Bulb
D. Stop/Taillamp Bulb
6. Snap the bulb holder back into place, making sure all
retaining tabs are properly over the bulb holder tabs.
7. Reinstall the taillamp assembly by inserting the
outboard locating/retaining pins until the lamp is
seated. Secure with the inboard screws.
6-37
Windshield Wiper
Blade Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear or cracking. See “Wiper Blade
Check” in the Index for more information.
Replacement blades come in different types and are
removed in different ways. For proper type and length,
see “Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts” in
the Index.
Here’s how to remove the Sheperd’s Hook type:
1. Turn the wipers on to the lowest intermittent setting.
2. Turn off the ignition while the wipers are at the
outer positions of the wipe pattern. The blades are
more accessible for removal/replacement while in
this position.
6-38
3. Pull the windshield wiper arm away from the
windshield or backglass.
4. While holding the
wiper arm away from
the glass, push the
release clip from under
the blade.
5. Push the release clip at the connecting point of the
blade and the arm up and pull the blade assembly
down toward the glass to remove it from the
wiper arm.
6. Push the new wiper blade securely on the wiper arm
until you hear the release clip “click” into place.
7. Push the release clip, from Step 4, down to secure
the wiper blade into place.
6-39
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see your Pontiac Warranty booklet for details.
CAUTION: (Continued)
D Underinflated tires pose the same danger as
CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
D Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much friction.
You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
CAUTION: (Continued)
D
D
overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact -- such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tires have
been damaged, replace them.
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Certification/Tire label, which is on the rear edge of
the driver’s door, shows the correct inflation pressures
for your tires when they’re cold. “Cold” means your
vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours or driven
no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
6-40
How to Check
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation),
you can get the following:
D Too much flexing
D Too much heat
D Tire overloading
D Bad wear
D Bad handling
D Bad fuel economy.
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
D Unusual wear
D Bad handling
D Rough ride
D Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt
and moisture.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km). Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check
wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires or
wheels. See “When It’s Time for New Tires” and
“Wheel Replacement” later in this section for more
information. Make sure the spare tire is stored securely.
Push, pull, and then try to rotate or turn the tire.
If it moves, use the folding wrench to tighten the cable.
See “Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools” in
the Index.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled
rotation intervals.
6-41
CAUTION:
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
Don’t include the compact spare tire in your
tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front
and rear inflation pressures as shown on the
Certification/Tire label. Make certain that all wheel nuts
are properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in
the Index.
6-42
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could come off and cause
an accident. When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be
sure to use a scraper or wire brush later,
if you need to, to get all the rust or dirt off.
(See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index.)
When It’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell when
it’s time for new tires
is to check the
treadwear indicators,
which will appear
when your tires have
only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of
tread remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
D You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
D You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
D The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
D The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
D The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Certification/Tire label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type
(bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
6-43
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size and type tires on all wheels.
It’s all right to drive with your compact spare,
though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.
CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel could
fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only radial-ply
tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
6-44
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to Federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Treadwear
Temperature -- A, B, C
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course. For
example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a half
(1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and
may depart significantly from the norm due to variations
in driving habits, service practices and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life,
and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire
failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of
performance which all passenger car tires must meet
under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
Traction -- AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A,
B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to stop
on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
6-45
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are not
needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
6-46
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
It could affect the braking and handling of your
vehicle, make your tires lose air and make you
lose control. You could have a collision in which
you or others could be injured. Always use the
correct wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for replacement.
NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire
chain clearance to the body and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for
more information.
Used Replacement Wheels
CAUTION:
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
Use tire chains only where legal and only when
you must. Use only SAE Class “S” type chains
that are the proper size for your tires. Install
them on the front tires and tighten them as
tightly as possible with the ends securely
fastened. Drive slowly and follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions. If you can hear the
chains contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten
them. If the contact continues, slow down until it
stops. Driving too fast or spinning the wheels
with chains on will damage your vehicle.
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
and cause an accident. If you have to replace a
wheel, use a new GM original equipment wheel.
6-47
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted surfaces
with a clean, damp cloth.
Cleaning of Fabric/Carpet
Turpentine
Your dealer has two cleaners, Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner and Capture Non-Solvent Dry Spot and Soil
Remover for cleaning fabric and carpet. They will clean
normal spots and stains very well. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
(See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.)
Lacquer Thinner
Here are some cleaning tips:
Nail Polish Remover
D Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
D Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
D Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
6-48
D Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
D If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean the
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine and
blood can be removed as follows:
area often. A soft brush may be used if stains
are stubborn.
entire area immediately or it will set.
Using Multi-Purpose Interior Cleaner
on Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section.
Mask surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
3. Mix powdered cleaner following the directions on
the container label to form thick suds.
4. Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
Don’t saturate the material and don’t rub it roughly.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the multi-purpose interior
cleaner instructions described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat the area with a water/baking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. Let dry.
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
5. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove the suds.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, damp towel or cloth.
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to
dry completely.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
3. If a stain remains, follow instructions for
Multi-Purpose Interior Cleaner.
6-49
Cleaning Vinyl
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
D Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.
You may have to do it more than once.
D Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and a vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for
this product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let the
leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
D For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your
dealer for this product.
D Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
D Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the
finish, it can harm the leather.
6-50
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft cloth
or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Cleaning the Built-in Child
Restraint Pad
The built-in child restraint pad is attached to the seat
frame with fastener strips. You can remove the pad and
hand wash it with mild soap and water.
Care of Safety Belts and Built-in
Child Restraint Harness
Keep the safety belts and the built-in child restraint
harness clean and dry.
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or a
liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass.
(See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.)
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear
window, since they may have to be scraped off later.
If abrasive cleaners are used on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts or the built-in
child restraint harness. If you do, they may be
severely weakened. In a crash, they might not be
able to provide adequate protection. Clean the
safety belts and the child restraint harness only
with mild soap and lukewarm water.
6-51
Cleaning the Outside of the
Windshield, Backglass and
Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade
or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with GM
Windshield Cleaner, Bon AmiR Powder (non-scratching
glass cleaning powder), GM Part No. 1050011. The
windshield is clean if beads do not form when you rinse
it with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by wiping
vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
6-52
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every
six months. During very cold, damp weather more
frequent application may be required.
(See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index.)
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep
it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Use lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car
washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses. Follow
instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps or
chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
(See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.)
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or
that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on
the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a
soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid
surface scratches and water spotting.
Before you enter an automatic car wash, if your vehicle
is equipped with the optional power sliding door, be sure
to have the switch for the power sliding door override
feature enabled. See “Power Sliding Door” in the Index.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.)
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the
colored basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that
are non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish.
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on
a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
6-53
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap,
bird droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys,
etc., can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on
painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible.
If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels
(If Equipped)
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water.
After rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel.
A wax may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners, cleaners
with acid or abrasive cleaning brushes on them because
you could damage the surface. Do not use chrome polish
on any wheels other than chrome-plated wheels.
6-54
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
Cleaning Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care to
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the body or wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the paint
finish and tires.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide
the corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
Finish Damage
Chemical Paint Spotting
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan
and exhaust system even though they have
corrosion protection.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Pontiac
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can do
this for you.
6-55
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
PART NUMBER
994954
1050172
1050173
1050174
1050214
1050427
SIZE
23 in. x 25 in.
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
32 oz. (0.946 L)
23 oz. (0.680 L)
1052918**
8 oz. (0.237 L)
DESCRIPTION
Polishing Cloth – Wax Treated
Tar and Road Oil Remover
Chrome Cleaner and Polish
White Sidewall Tire Cleaner
Vinyl Cleaner
Glass Cleaner
t Protectant
Armor All
Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner
1052929
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Wheel Cleaner
1052930
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Capture Dry Spot Remover
12345721
2.5 sq. ft.
Synthetic Chamois
12345725
12 oz. (0.354 L)
Silicone Tire Shine
12377964*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Finish Enhancer
12377966*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Cleaner Wax
12377984*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Surface Cleaner
See your General Motors Parts Department for these products.
See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
1052925
6-56
16 oz. (0.473 L)
USAGE
Exterior polishing cloth
Removes tar, road oil and asphalt
Use on chrome, stainless steel, nickel, copper and brass
Removes soil and black marks from whitewalls
Cleans vinyl tops, upholstery and convertible tops
Removes dirt, grime, smoke and fingerprints
Protects leather, wood, acrylics, Plexiglas , plastic,
rubber and vinyl
Cleans carpets, seats, interior trim, door panels
and floor mats
Spray on and rinse with water
Attracts, absorbs and removes soils on fabric
Shines vehicle without scratching
Spray on tire shine
Removes dust, fingerprints and surface contaminants
Removes light scratches and oxidation and protects finish
Removes contaminants, blemishes and swirl marks
* For exterior use only.
** Not recommended for use on instrument panels.
t
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
D
D
D
D
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information and
a list of all production options and
special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
Electrical System
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears
on a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel,
on the driver’s side. You can see it if you look through
the windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the inside of the access panel
located on the driver’s side of the rear of the vehicle.
It’s very helpful if you ever need to order parts.
On this label is:
Add-On Electrical Equipment
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can
keep other components from working as
they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
6-57
Headlamp Wiring
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The headlamp wiring is protected by an internal circuit
breaker in the instrument panel fuse panel. An electrical
overload will cause the lamps to go on and off, or in
some cases to remain off. If this happens, have your
headlamp wiring checked right away.
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers
and fusible thermal links.
Windshield Wipers
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an internal
circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to
heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor
cools. If the overload is caused by some electrical
problem, be sure to get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers in the instrument panel fuse panel
protect the power windows and other power accessories.
When the current load is too heavy, the circuit breaker
opens and closes, protecting the circuit until the problem
is fixed.
6-58
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have a
spare fuse, you can borrow one that has the same
amperage or use one of the spare fuses in the underhood
fuse and relay center. Just pick some feature of your
vehicle that you can get along without -- like the radio
or cigarette lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the right
amperage. Replace it as soon as you can.
There are two fuse blocks in your vehicle: the
instrument panel fuse block and the underhood fuse and
relay center.
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
The instrument panel fuse
block is located to the right
of the glove box.
Pull the door open to access the instrument panel
fuse block.
Circuit
Breakers
HEADLAMP
PWR WDO
PWR HEATED
SEAT/PSD
FRT HVAC/HI
BLWR
Usage
DRL Control Module, Headlamp
and Instrument Panel
Dimmer Switch
Front Power Windows
6-Way Power Seat(s) and Rear
Side Door Actuator Motor
Blower Motor Hi Speed
Relay Module
6-59
Fuses
SWC
BACKLIGHT
PCM/PASS
KEY/CLUSTER
PWR MIRROR
CRUISE
PCM/CRANK
PASS KEY
PWR LOCK
HTD MIRROR
RH T/LP
RR FOG LP
CIGAR/DLC
T/SIG
PWR QTR
VENT
FRT
WPR/WSHR
6-60
Usage
Steering Wheel Radio Control
Switches (Illumination)
Instrument Cluster to
PRNDL Indicators
Power Remote Control
Mirror Switch
Cruise Control Module, Switch
and Release Switch
Powertrain Control Module
(PCM), Ignition Crank
PASS-Key III System
Body Control Module (BCM)
Heated Mirrors
Not Used
Not Used
Cigarette Lighter and Data Link
Connector (DLC)
Turn Signal Switch
Interior Lamp and Multifunction
Switch (Power Vent Switch)
Windshield Wiper/Washer Motor
and Switch
Fuses
HAZARD
RR PWR SCKT
DRL
Usage
Turn Signal Switch
Rear Electric Accessory
Plug Housing
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Control Module
Not Used
Rear Window Defogger Relay,
Heated Mirrors
LH T/LP
RR
DEFOG/HTD
MIRRORS
FRT PWR SCKT Front Electric Accessory
Plug Housing
SIR
Inflatable Restraint
Control Module
HVAC
Heater-A/C Control
BLOWER
MALL/
Instrument Cluster, BCM,
CLUSTER
Electronic Level Control (ELC)
Sensor and Relay
STOP LAMP
Stoplamp Switch
Fuses
CLUSTER
BATT
CAN VENT
SOL
ELC/TRAILER
CTSY LAMP
IGN 1
Usage
Module/Electronic Brake Control
Module/Electronic Brake Traction
Control Module (EBCM/EBTCM)
Evaporative Emissions (EVAP)
Canister Vent Solonoid Valve
ELC Air Compressor and ELC
Relay, Trailer Harness
BCM
BCM, Electronic Brake Control
Indicator Lamp Driver Module,
Instrument Panel Cluster, Rear
Side Door Actuator Control
Module, Rear Windows
Rear HVAC-A/C Control
RR HVAC
TEMP CONT
RR WPR/WSHR Rear Window Wiper Motor, Rear
Window Wiper/Washer and
Multifunction Switch (Rear
Window Wiper/Washer Switch)
LH HEADLP
Not Used
LOW
Fuses
LH HEADLP
HIGH
RAP RELAY
Usage
Not Used
Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) Relay
HVAC/DIC/DRL Air Inlet Actuator, Driver
HEATED SEAT Information Display, DRL Control
Module, Heater-A/C Control,
Temperature Door Actuator
(Front) and Rear Window
Defogger Relay
BCM PRGRM
BCM
RH HEADLP
Not Used
LOW
RH HEADLP
Not Used
HIGH
PCM/ABS
IGN MAIN Relay and PCM,
Electronic Break Control Module
6-61
Underhood Fuse and Relay Center
This fuse and relay
center is located in the
engine compartment,
in front of the
windshield washer
fluid reservoir.
The fuses marked spare are available if a replacement
fuse is needed.
To remove the cover, turn the knob clockwise and lift up
on the remote positive (+) battery terminal cover.
Remove the cover.
Maxi Fuse
Usage
1-COOL FAN 2
Coolant Fans
2
Not Used
3-HEADLAMPS Circuit Breakers: FRT HVAC HI
BLWR, and HEADLAMP Fuses
(Instrument Panel): HAZARD
and STOPLAMP
4-BATT
MAIN 2
6-62
Circuit Breaker: PWR SEAT/PSD.
Fuses (Instrument Panel): ELC
and RR DEFOG
Maxi Fuse
Usage
Mini Relays
Usage
5-IGN MAIN 1
Ignition Switch to Fuses
(Instrument Panel): ABS/TCS
IGN, CRUISE, DRL, ELEC
PRNDL, IGN 1, PSD, SIR, T/SIG
and PCM [IGN MAIN Relay
(Underhood Electrical Center
Fuses: A/C CLU, ELEK IGN,
IGN 1-U/H, INJ, TCC)]
9-COOL FAN
RH FAN 1, LH FAN 2
10-COOL
FAN 2
LH FAN 2
11-IGN MAIN
FUSES: A/C CLU, IGN 1-U/H,
INS, ELEK IGN, TCC
12-COOL
FAN 1
RH FAN 1, LH FAN 2
6-COOL FAN 1
Coolant Fans
Micro Relays
Usage
7-BATT
MAIN 1
Fuses (Instrument Panel): ABS
MOD BATT, CIGAR/DLC, CTSY
LAMP, FRT PWR SCKT, PWR
LOCK, PWR MIRROR and RR
PWR SCKT
13-A/C CLU
A/C Clutch
15-F/PMP SPD
CONT
Not Used
Ignition Switch to Fuses (I/P):
BCM PRGRM, FRT HVAC
LOW/MED BLWR, FRT
WPR/WSHR, HVAC/DRL,
MALL/RADIO/DIC, PWR QRT
VENT, RR HVAC, RR
WPR/WSHR. SWC ACCY and
PWR WDO Circuit Breaker
16-HORN
Horn
17-FOG LAMP
LH Fog Lamp, RH Fog Lamp,
Fog Lamp Indicator
Mini Fuse
Usage
18-INJ
Fuel Injectors 1-6
19-SPARE
Not Used
20
Not Used
8-IGN MAIN 2
14-FUEL PUMP Fuel Pump
6-63
Mini Fuse
Usage
Mini Fuse
Usage
21-IGN1-UH
Evaporative Emissions (EVAP)
Canister Purge Valve, Heated
Oxygen Sensors 1 and 2, Mass Air
Flow (MAF) Sensor
30-ALT SENSE
Generator
31-TCC
Automatic Transaxle (Torque
Converter Clutch Solenoids)
Stoplamp Switch to PCM
22-SPARE
Not Used
32-FUEL PUMP Fuel Pump Relay
23-SPARE
Not Used
24-SPARE
Not Used
33-ECM SENSE Powertrain Control
Module (PCM)
25-ELEK IGN
Ignition Control Module (ICM)
34
Not Used
26-SPARE
Not Used
35-FOG LP
Fog Lamp Relay
27-B/U LAMP
Transaxle Range Switch to
Back-up Lamps
36-HORN
Horn Relay
37-PARK LP
28-A/C CLU
A/C CLU Relay to A/C
Compressor Clutch Oil
29-RADIO
Driver Information Display,
Heater A/C Control, Radio,
Rear Side Door Actuator Control
Motor, Remote Control Door
Lock Receiver (RCDLR),
Security Indicator Lamp and
Theft-Deterrent Shock Sensor
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Control Module, Headlamps
and Instrument Panel Dimmer
Switch Theft-Deterrent
Relay to Headlamps
38
Not Used
39-SPARE
Not Used
40
Mini Fuse Puller
6-64
Replacement Bulbs
Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9004-HBI
Front Turn
Signal/Parking Lamps . . . . . 3157 NA or 3157 NAK
Front Sidemarker Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Stop/Taillamps (Top) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3057
Signal Lamps (2nd from Top) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3156
Back-up Lamps (3rd from Top) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3156
Taillamps (Bottom) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3057
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in
English and metric conversions.
Please refer to “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index for more information.
Automatic Transaxle
Pan Removal and Replacement . . 8.0 quarts (7.5 L)
Complete Overhaul . . . . . . . . . . 10.0 quarts (9.5 L)
Cooling System
With A/C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.6 quarts (9.1 L)
With Rear Climate Control . . . . 11.9 quarts (11.3 L)
Engine Crankcase - Oil and
Filter Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5 quarts (4.25 L)
Fuel Capacity
Standard/Regular . . . . . . . . . . . 19.8 gallons (75.0 L)
Optional/Extended . . . . . . . . . 25.0 gallons (94.0 L)
Refrigerant,
Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . . See Refrigerant Label
under the hood.
Tire Pressures, Sizes . . . . . . . . . . . See Certification/
Tire label on the rear edge
of the driver’s door.
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . 100 lb-ft (140 N·m)
Windshield Washer Fluid . . . . . 1.0 gallon (0.37 L)
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure
to fill to the appropriate level, as recommended in
this manual.
Engine Specifications
Engine VIN Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E
Engine Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V6
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2-3-4-5-6
Horsepower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Thermostat Temperature
Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195_F (91_C)
6-65
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Air Cleaner Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type A-1208C
Battery Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CCA=600
Engine Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PF47
Passenger Compartment Air Filter (2) . . . . 52482929
Radiator Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RC27
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type 41-940
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gap: 0.060 inches (1.5 mm)
Windshield Wiper Blades
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24.0 inches (60.0 cm)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheperd’s Hook
Wiper Blade (Backglass)
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.0 inches (40.6 cm)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheperd’s Hook
6-66
Vehicle Dimensions - Regular Wheel Base
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187.3 inches (475.8 cm)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72.7 inches (184.7 cm)
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67.4 inches (171.2 cm)
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112.0 inches (284.5 cm)
Front Tread Width . . . . . . . . 61.5 inches (156.2 cm)
Rear Tread Width . . . . . . . . 63.3 inches (160.8 cm)
Vehicle Dimensions - Extended Wheel Base
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201.3 inches (511.4 cm)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72.7 inches (184.7 cm)
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68.1 inches (172.9 cm)
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120.0 inches (304.7 cm)
Front Tread Width . . . . . . . . 61.5 inches (156.2 cm)
Rear Tread Width . . . . . . . . 63.3 inches (160.8 cm)
Section 7 Maintenance Schedule
This section covers the maintenance required for your vehicle. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its safety,
dependability and emission control performance.
7-2
7-4
7-5
7-15
Introduction
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Scheduled Maintenance
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
7-20
7-22
7-24
Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Part E: Maintenance Record
7-
7-1
Introduction
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
Maintenance Requirements
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan?
The Plan supplements your new vehicle warranties.
See your Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet,
or your dealer for details.
7-2
Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections and
recommended fluids and lubricants as prescribed in
this manual are necessary to keep your vehicle in good
working condition. Any damage caused by failure to
follow recommended maintenance may not be covered
by warranty.
How This Section is Organized
This maintenance schedule is divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” shows
what to have done and how often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified
service center do these jobs.
CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can
be seriously injured. Do your own maintenance
work only if you have the required know-how
and the proper tools and equipment for the job.
If you have any doubt, have a qualified
technician do the work.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you
what should be checked and when. It also explains
what you can easily do to help keep your vehicle in
good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections”
explains important inspections that your dealer’s
service department or another qualified service center
should perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” lists
some recommended products necessary to help keep
your vehicle properly maintained. These products, or
their equivalents, should be used whether you do the
work yourself or have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record” is a place for
you to record and keep track of the maintenance
performed on your vehicle. Keep your maintenance
receipts. They may be needed to qualify your vehicle
for warranty repairs.
If you want to get the service information, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
7-3
Part A: Scheduled
Maintenance Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll drive it. You may drive very short
distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive
long distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehicle in making deliveries.
Or you may drive it to work, to do errands or in
many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read the
following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good
condition, see your dealer.
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them. If you
go to your dealer for your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
7-4
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in
Part D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses
these. All parts should be replaced and all necessary
repairs done before you or anyone else drives
the vehicle.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
D carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Certification/Tire label. See “Loading Your Vehicle”
in the Index.
D are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
D use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
Scheduled Maintenance
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals. The services shown
at 150,000 miles (240 000 km) should be performed at
the same interval after 150,000 miles (240 000 km).
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
Footnotes
[ The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See “Brake System Inspection” under
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in Part C
of this schedule.
7-5
Scheduled Maintenance
Engine Oil and Chassis Lubrication
Scheduled Maintenance
Change engine oil and filter as indicated by
the GM Oil Life System (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). Reset the system. The system
will show you when to change the oil -- usually between
3,000 miles (5 000 km) and 7,500 miles (12 500 km)
since your last oil change. Under severe conditions, the
indicator may come on before 3,000 miles (5 000 km).
Never drive your vehicle more than 7,500 miles
(12 500 km) or 12 months without an oil and
filter change.
t
7-6
The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So if you drive
in a dusty area, be sure to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or sooner if the CHANGE
ENGINE OIL message appears. Remember to reset
the Oil Life System when the oil and filter have been
changed. See “Oil Life System” in the Index for
information on resetting.
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components with each engine oil and
filter change. Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transaxle shift linkage, parking brake cable guides and
the underbody contact points and linkage.
Scheduled Maintenance
7-7
Scheduled Maintenance
7-8
Scheduled Maintenance
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-9
Scheduled Maintenance
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-10
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Scheduled Maintenance
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
j Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches
90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter at 100,000 miles (166 000 km).
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-11
Scheduled Maintenance
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
j Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-12
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Scheduled Maintenance
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-13
Scheduled Maintenance
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
j Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service.
j Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
j Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches
90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
j If you haven’t used your vehicle under severe service conditions listed
previously and, therefore, haven’t changed your automatic transaxle fluid,
change both the fluid and filter.
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
j Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure test
the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
7-14
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Listed in this part are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Part D.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important for you or a service station attendant
to perform these underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil
if necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index for
further details.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture if necessary. See “Engine Coolant”
in the Index for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the
Index for further details.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
Make sure tires are inflated to the correct pressures.
Don’t forget to check your spare tire. See “Tires”
in the Index for further details.
Cassette Deck Service
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in
the Index for further details.
7-15
At Least Twice a Year
Restraint System Check
Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages
are working properly. If your vehicle has a built-in child
restraint, also periodically make sure the harness straps,
latch plates, buckle, clip, child head restraint and
anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt and built-in child restraint
system parts. If you see anything that might keep a
safety belt or built-in child restraint system from doing
its job, have it repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety
belts or harness straps replaced.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Wiper Blade Check
Inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking. Replace blade
inserts that appear worn or damaged or that streak or
miss areas of the windshield. Also see “Wiper Blades,
Cleaning” in the Index.
7-16
Spare Tire Check
At least twice a year, after the monthly inflation check
of the spare tire determines that the spare is inflated to
the correct tire inflation pressure, make sure that the
spare tire is stored securely. Push, pull, and then try to
rotate or turn the tire. If it moves, use the folding wrench
to tighten the cable. See “Storing the Spare Tire and
Tools” in the Index.
Weatherstrip Lubrication
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth. During very cold,
damp weather more frequent application may be
required. (See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index.)
Automatic Transaxle Check
Check the transaxle fluid level; add if needed. See
“Automatic Transaxle Fluid” in the Index. A fluid
loss may indicate a problem. Check the system and
repair if needed.
At Least Once a Year
Starter Switch Check
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Body Lubrication Service
Lubricate all key lock cylinders, hood latch assemblies,
secondary latches, pivots, spring anchor and release
pawl, hood and door hinges, rear folding seats, fuel
door hinge, liftgate hinges, power sliding door cable and
sliding door track(s). Part D tells you what to use. More
frequent lubrication may be required when exposed to a
corrosive environment.
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake (see “Parking
Brake” in the Index if necessary) and the regular brake.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
7-17
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control System Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a
level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake (see “Parking Brake”
in the Index if necessary).
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
7-18
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN
position, but don’t start the engine. Without
applying the regular brake, try to move the shift
lever out of PARK (P) with normal effort. If the
shift lever moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle
needs service.
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
D The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift
lever is in PARK (P).
D The key should come out only in LOCK.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle PARK (P)
Mechanism Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in case
it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the regular
brake at once should the vehicle begin to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake,
set the parking brake.
D To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N),
slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking
brake only.
D To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to PARK (P).
Then release the parking brake followed by the
regular brake.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
7-19
Part C: Periodic
Maintenance Inspections
Listed in this part are inspections and services which
should be performed at least twice a year (for instance,
each spring and fall). You should let your dealer’s
service department or other qualified service center
do these jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once.
Proper procedures to perform these services may be
found in a service manual. See “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive
Axle Boot and Seal Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, loose or missing parts, signs of
wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc. Clean and then inspect the drive
axle boot seals for damage, tears or leakage. Replace
seals if necessary.
7-20
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body
near the exhaust system. Look for broken, damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams,
holes, loose connections or other conditions which
could cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust”
in the Index.
Engine Cooling System Inspection
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if they are
cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace as needed. Clean the outside
of the radiator and air conditioning condenser. To help
ensure proper operation, a pressure test of the cooling
system and pressure cap is recommended at least
once a year.
Throttle System Inspection
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the throttle system for interference or binding,
and for damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as
needed. Replace any components that have high effort
or excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator and
cruise control cables.
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors
for surface condition. Also inspect drum brake linings
for wear and cracks. Inspect other brake parts, including
drums, wheel cylinders, calipers, parking brake, etc.
Check parking brake adjustment. You may need to have
your brakes inspected more often if your driving habits
or conditions result in frequent braking.
7-21
Part D: Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained from
your dealer.
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Engine Oil
Engine Oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified
For Gasoline Engines starburst
symbol of the proper viscosity. To
determine the preferred viscosity
for your vehicle’s engine, see
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
7-22
50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and use only
GM GoodwrenchR DEX-COOLR
or HavolineR DEX-COOLR
Coolant. See “Engine Coolant”
in the Index.
USAGE
Hydraulic Brake
System
Windshield
Washer Solvent
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Delco Supreme 11R Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 12377967 or
equivalent DOT-3 Brake Fluid).
GM OptikleenR Washer Solvent
(GM Part No. 1051515)
or equivalent.
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part
No. 12377985 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI # 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
Power Steering
System
GM Power Steering Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052884 - 1 pint,
1050017 - 1 quart, or equivalent).
Automatic
Transaxle
DEXRONR-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Chassis
Lubrication
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part
No. 12377985 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI # 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
Rear Folding
Seat, Fuel
Door Hinge,
Liftgate Hinges,
Power Sliding
Door Cable
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary Latch,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
Hood and
Door Hinges
LubriplateR Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. 12346293 or
equivalent) or lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI # 2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Sliding Door
Track
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
LubriplateR Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. 12346293 or
equivalent) or lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI # 2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
7-23
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading and who performed the service in the
boxes provided after the maintenance interval. Any additional information from “Owner Checks and Services” or
“Periodic Maintenance” can be added on the following record pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Your owner information portfolio is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-24
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-25
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-26
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Section 8 Customer Assistance Information
Here you will find out how to contact Pontiac if you need assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain service
publications and how to report any safety defects.
8-2
8-3
8-3
8-5
8-5
8-7
8-8
8-9
Pontiac Cares
What Makes Up Pontiac Cares?
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users
Customer Assistance Offices
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
Pontiac Roadside Assistance Program
Canadian Roadside Assistance
8-10
8-11
8-12
8-12
8-13
8-13
Courtesy Transportation
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors
Ordering Owner Publications in Canada
8-
8-1
Pontiac Cares
With PONTIAC CARES, you are never more than
a phone call away from having your concern taken
care of.
8-2
The PONTIAC CARES philosophy and elements are
designed to make you realize that Pontiac recognizes
you as a valuable customer, appreciates your purchase
decision, and is dedicated to taking care of the most
important person ... YOU! PONTIAC CARES is: A
valuable feature that comes with every Pontiac, a feature
that offers a multitude of benefits that can give you
safety, security, comfort and convenience.
What Makes Up Pontiac Cares?
D A 3 year/36,000 mile (60 000 km)
Bumper-to-Bumper Warranty
D Customer Assistance
D Roadside Assistance
D Courtesy Transportation
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
All of these elements combine to make your driving
experience an enjoyable one and are discussed in greater
detail in your owner’s manual. Pontiac is focusing on
the changing needs of our customers and is committed
to giving you an exceptional level of customer care
throughout your ownership experience. Our goal is
to create total customer enthusiasm in our product and
our services and make you the most satisfied customer
in the world.
8-3
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and to Pontiac. Normally, any concerns with the
sales transaction or the operation of your vehicle will be
resolved by your dealer’s sales or service departments.
Sometimes, however, despite the best intentions of
all concerned, misunderstandings can occur. If your
concern has not been resolved to your satisfaction, the
following steps should be taken:
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have the
following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns can be
quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has already
been reviewed with the sales, service or parts manager,
contact the owner of the dealership or the
general manager.
D Dealership name and location
D Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Pontiac Customer Assistance Center by calling
1-800-762-2737. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
8-4
D Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate
at the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
When contacting Pontiac, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility. That
is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you have
a concern.
STEP THREE -- Both General Motors and your dealer
are committed to making sure you are completely
satisfied with your new vehicle. However, if you
continue to remain unsatisfied after following the
procedure outlined in Steps One and Two, file with the
GM/BBB Auto Line Program to enforce any additional
rights you may have. Canadian owners refer to your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet
for information on the Canadian Motor Vehicle
Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus to
settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or the
interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you are required to resort to this informal dispute
resolution program prior to filing any court action, use of
the program is free of charge and your case will generally
be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree with the
decision given in your case, you may reject it and proceed
with any other venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone
number or write them at the following address:
BBB Auto Line
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the District
of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves the
right to change eligibility limitations and/or discontinue
its participation in this program.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Pontiac has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate
with Pontiac by dialing: 1-800-833-PONT (7668).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Customer Assistance Offices
Pontiac encourages customers to call the toll-free number
for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to write to
Pontiac, the letter should be addressed to Pontiac’s
Customer Assistance Center.
United States
Pontiac-GMC Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 436008
Pontiac, MI 48343-6008
1-800-762-2737 or
1-800-833-7668 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-ROADSIDE (762-3743)
8-5
Canada
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
All Overseas Locations
GMODC - Customer Communication Centre
169-007
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Telephone: 905-644-4112
Fax:
905-644-4866
8-6
Caribbean Numbers
1-800-496-9992 (English) Puerto Rico
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish) Puerto Rico
1-800-751-4135 (English) Dominican Republic
1-800-751-4136 (Spanish) Dominican Republic
1-800-496-9994 U.S. Virgin Islands
1-800-389-0009 Bahamas
1-800-534-0122 Bermuda, Barbados, Antigua & B.V.I.
If toll free service is not available in the Caribbean,
call Puerto Rico 1-787-763-1315.
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward aftermarket driver or
passenger adaptive
equipment you may require
for your vehicle (hand
controls, wheelchair/scooter
lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The program is available
for a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. See your dealer for more details or call
the GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program. Call
1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details. When
calling from outside Canada, please dial 1-905-644-3063.
All TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
8-7
Pontiac Roadside Assistance Program
Security While You Travel
1-800-ROADSIDE (1-800-762-3743)
As the proud owner of a new Pontiac vehicle, you are
automatically enrolled in the Pontiac Roadside
8-8
Assistance program. This value-added service is
intended to provide you with peace of mind as you
drive in the city or travel the open road.
Pontiac’s Roadside Assistance toll-free number is
staffed by a team of technically trained advisors, who
are available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
We take anxiety out of uncertain situations by providing
minor repair information over the phone or making
arrangements to tow your vehicle to the nearest
Pontiac dealer.
We will provide the following services for
3 years/36,000 miles (60 000 km), at no expense to you:
D Fuel delivery
D Keys locked in vehicle
D Tow to nearest dealership for warranty service
D Change a flat tire
D Jump starts
D Courtesy Transportation -- See Courtesy
Transportation section for details
We have quick, easy access to telephone numbers of the
following additional services depending on your needs:
D Hotels
D Glass replacement
D Tire repair facilities
D Rental vehicle or taxis
D Airports or train stations
D Police, fire department or hospitals
In many instances, mechanical failures are covered
under Pontiac’s comprehensive warranty. However,
when other services are utilized, our advisors will
explain any payment obligations you might incur.
For prompt and efficient assistance when calling, please
provide the following information to give the advisor:
D
D
D
D
D
D
Pontiac reserves the right to limit services or
reimbursement to an owner or driver when, in Pontiac’s
judgement, the claims become excessive in frequency or
type of occurrence.
While we hope you never have the occasion to use our
service, it is added security while traveling for you and
your family. Remember, we’re only a phone call away.
Pontiac Roadside Assistance -- 1-800-ROADSIDE
or 1-800-762-3743.
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
separate brochure provided by the dealer or call
1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
Location of vehicle
Telephone number of your location
Vehicle model, year and color
Mileage of vehicle
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Vehicle license plate number
8-9
Courtesy Transportation
Pontiac has always exemplified quality and value in its
offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your ownership
experience, we and our participating dealers are proud to
offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer support
program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to retail
purchase/lease customers in conjunction with the
Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation options
are available when warranty repairs are required. This will
reduce your inconvenience during warranty repairs.
Plan Ahead When Possible
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising your
service consultant of your transportation needs, your
dealer can help minimize your inconvenience. If your
vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service department
immediately, keep driving it until it can be scheduled for
service, unless, of course, the problem is safety-related.
If it is, please call your dealership, let them know this,
and ask for instructions.
8-10
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in the
work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait Pontiac helps
minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle service
to get you to your destination with minimal interruption of
your daily schedule. This includes a one way shuttle ride
to a destination up to 10 miles from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement up to $30 per day (five days maximum)
may be available for the use of public transportation
such as taxi or bus. In addition, should you arrange
transportation through a friend or relative,
reimbursement for reasonable fuel expenses up to
$10 per day (five day maximum) may be available.
Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and be
supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
When your vehicle is unavailable due to overnight
warranty repairs, your dealer may arrange to provide you
with a courtesy rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental
vehicle you obtained, at actual cost, up to a maximum of
$30.00 per day supported by receipts. This requires that
you sign and complete a rental agreement and meet state,
local and rental vehicle provider requirements.
Requirements vary and may include minimum age
requirements, insurance coverage, credit card, etc. You are
responsible for fuel usage charges and may also be
responsible for taxes, levies, usage fees, excessive mileage
or rental usage beyond the completion of the repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as a
courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period, but it is not
part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. A separate
booklet entitled “Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information” furnished with each new vehicle provides
detailed warranty coverage information.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at
participating dealers and all program options, such as
shuttle service, may not be available at every dealer.
Please contact your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during the
Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult your
dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at any
time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described herein at
its sole discretion.
Warranty Information
Your vehicle comes with a separate warranty booklet
that contains detailed warranty information.
8-11
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
8-12
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
Ordering Owner Publications
in Canada
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify
us. Please call us at 1–800–762-2737, or write:
Owner’s manuals are available for purchase for all
current and most past model General Motors vehicles.
Pontiac-GMC Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 436008
Pontiac, MI 48343-6008
The toll-free telephone number for ordering information
in Canada is 1-800-668-5539.
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
8-13
2000 PONTIAC SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
The following publications covering the operation and servicing of your vehicle can be purchased by filling out
the Service Publication Order Form in this book and mailing it in with your check, money order,
or credit card information to Helm, Incorporated (address below.)
CURRENT PUBLICATIONS FOR 2000 PONTIAC
SERVICE MANUALS
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair information
on engines, transmission, axle, suspension, brakes,
electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
OWNER’S INFORMATION
Owner publications are written directly for Owners and
intended to provide basic operational information about the
vehicle. The owner’s manual will include the Maintenance
Schedule for all models.
TRANSMISSION, TRANSAXLE, TRANSFER CASE
UNIT REPAIR MANUAL
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments and specifications for the
2000 GM transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $20.00
SERVICE BULLETINS
Service Bulletins give technical service information needed
to knowledgeably service General Motors cars and trucks.
Each bulletin contains instructions to assist in the
diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
PLEASE COMPLETE THE ORDER FORM SHOWN ON
THE FOLLOWING PAGE AND MAIL TO:
Helm, Incorporated S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
8-14
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $15.00
CURRENT & PAST MODEL ORDER FORMS
Service Publications are available for current and past
model GM vehicles. To request an order form, please
specify year and model name of the vehicle.
OR ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only (VISA–MasterCard–Discover)
ORDER TOLL FREE
(NOTE: For Credit Card Holders Only)
1-800-551-4123
(Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM EST)
FAX Orders Only 1-313-865-5927
2
0
0
0
PUBLICATION FORM
NUMBER
Orders will be mailed within 10 days of receipt. Please allow adequate time for postal
service. If further information is needed, write to the address shown below or call
1-800-551-4123. Material cannot be returned for credit without packing slip with return
information within 30 days of delivery. On returns, a re-stocking fee may be applied
against the original order.
ITEM DESCRIPTION
VEHICLE MODEL
NAME
YEAR
QTY.
PRICE
EACH*
Service Manual
Car & Light Truck
Transmission Unit Repair
2000
$120.00
2000
$50.00
Owner’s Manual In Portfolio
2000
$20.00
Owner’s Manual Without Portfolio
2000
$15.00
TOTAL
PRICE
G
M
S
H
I
P
T
O
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the
name of the person to whose attention the shipment should be sent.
Mail completed order form to:
HELM, INCORPORATED S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
For purchases outside U.S.A. please write to the above address for quotation.
(CUSTOMER’S NAME)
(ATTENTION)
(STREET ADDRESS—NO P.O. BOX NUMBERS)
(CITY)
(STATE)
DAYTIME TELEPHONE NO.
(ZIP CODE)
(
)
AREA CODE
GM-PON-ORD99
*(Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.)
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
Check or Money
Order payable to
Helm, Inc. (USA funds
only — do not send cash.)
TOTAL MATERIAL
Michigan Purchasers
add 6% sales tax
U.S. Order Processing
MasterCard
VISA
$6.00
Canadian Postage
(See Note Below)
GRAND TOTAL
Discover
Account
Number:
Expiration
Date mo/yr:
Check here if your billing address
is different from your shipping
address shown.
CUSTOMER SIGNATURE
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents
are to make checks payable in U.S. funds. To cover Canadian postage, add $11.50 plus the
U.S. order processing.
8-15
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