0 - Chevrolet Owner Center

0 - Chevrolet Owner Center
Table ofContents
Introduction - How to Use this Manual
This sectiontells you how to use your manual and includessafety
and vehicle damage warnings and symbols.
Section 1 - Seats and Restraint Systems
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts
properly. It also explains theair bag system.
Section 2 - Features & Controls
This section explains how to start and operate your vehicle.
Section 3 - Comfort Controls& Audio Systems
This sectiontells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort
controls and how to operate your audio system.
Section 4 - Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and
how to drive under different conditions.
Section 5 - Problems on the Road
This section tells you what to do if you have a problem while
driving, such as a flat tire or engine overheating,etc.
Section 6-
Service & Appearance Care
Here the manual tells you how to keep your vehicle running
properly and looking good.
Section 7 - Maintenance Schedule
This sectiontells you when to perform vehicle maintenance and
what fluids and lubricants to use.
Section 8 - Customer Assistance Information
This section tells you how to contact GM for assistance and how to
get service publications. It also gives you information on
“Reporting Safety Defects”on page 8-4.
Index
Here’s an alphabetical listing of almost every subject in this
manual. You can use it to quickly find something you want to read.
1
Introduction
1995 Chevrolet S-IO Pickup Owner’s Manual
Welcome
This manual was prepared to acquaint you with the operation and
maintenance of your 1995 Chevrolet S-1 0 Pickup and to provide important
safety information. There is also a Chevrolet Truck Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information booklet. In some vehicles, there can be information
manuals from other manufacturers like body buildersor special equipment
companies. We urge you to review all these publications carefully.This will
help you enjoy safe and trouble-free operation of your vehicle.
When it comes to service, keep in mind thatyour Chevrolet dealer knows
your vehicle best and is interested inyour complete satisfaction. Your dealer
invites you to return for all of your service needs bothduring and after the
warranty period.
it to your
Remember, if you have a concern and need help handling
satisfaction, see the procedure in the Chevrolet Truck Warranty andOwner
Assistance Information booklet.
Thanks forchoosing a Chevrolet product.We value you as a member of the
Chevrolet family. We want to assure you of our continuing interest in your
pleasure and satisfaction with your vehicle.
Chevrolet Motor Division
General Motors Corporation
30007 Van Dyke Ave.
Warren, Michigan
@Copyright 1994 General Motors Corporation, Chevrolet Motor Division
All Rights Reserved
Second Edition
Printed in U.S.A.
..
11
Important Notes fo Owners and Drivers
About This Manual
Please keepthis manual in your vehicle so it will be there if you ever need it
when you’re on the road. If you sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in
it so the new owner can use it.
This manual includes the
latest information at the timeit was printed. We
reserve the right to make changes in the product after that time without
further notice. For vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” for Chevrolet
Motor Division
whenever it appears in this manual.
WE SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATION THROUGH
National Institute for
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
For Canadian OwnersWho Prefer a French Language
Manual:
Aux proprietaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous procurer un exemplaire de
ce guide enfrancais chez votre concessionaire ou au DGN Marketing
Services Ltd., 1500 Bonhill Rd., Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1C7.
4
~0
CHEVROU1
General Motors,GM and the GM Emblem, Chevrolet and the Chevrolet
Emblem, and S-10 are registered trademarks of General Motors
Corporation.
...
111
How to Use This Manual
Many people read their owner’s manualfrom beginning to end when they
first receive their new vehicle. This will help you learn about the features
and controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find that pictures and
words work together to explain things quickly.
INDEX: A good place to look for what you need is the Index in back ofthe
manual. It’s an alphabetical listof all that’s in the manual, andthe page
number where you’ll find it.
Safety Warnings andSymbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book. We use a box with
gray background and the wordCAUTION to tell you about things that could
hurt you if you were to ignore the warning.
A CAUTION:
These mean thereis something that could hurtyou or other
people.
In the gray caution area, we tell you what the hazardis. Then we tell you
what to do to help avoid or reduce the hazard. Please read these cautions. If
you don’t, you or others could be hurt.
You will also find a circle with a slash through it in this book.This safety
symbol means “Don’t,” “Don’t do this,” or “Don’t let this happen.”
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
NOTICE:
These mean that there is something that could damage your
vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about somethingthat can damage your
vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be covered by your warranty,
and it could be costly. But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid
the damage.
When you read other manuals,you might see CAUTION and NOTICE
warnings in different colors or in different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use yellow for
cautions, blue for notices and the words CAUTION or NOTICE.
Vehicle Symbols
These are someof the symbols you will find on your vehicle. For example,
these symbols areused on an original battery:
Cautron
Possible
Injury
Protect Eyes
by Shielding
Caustic Battery
Acid
Spark or Flame
Could
Could Cause Burns
Explode
Battery
Avoid Sparks
or Flames
V
These symbols are important for you and your passengers whenever your
vehicle is driven:
Fasten Safety
Belts
Door LockNnlock
These symbols have to do with your lights:
A
I
Master Lighting
Switch
Turn Signal
Direction
Hazard Warning
Flasher
-
Parking Lights
Daytime
Running Lights
Vi
Fog Lights
Headlight
High Beam
Headlight
Low Beam
These symbols are on some of your controls:
0
Windshield
Washer
Windshield
Defroster
Windshield
Wiper
Off
Ventilating Fan
These symbols are used on warning and indicator lights:
Engine Coolant
Temperature
Fuel
Charging
Battery
System
SHIFT
Brake
Anti-Lock Shift Light
Brake
vi i
Engine Oil
Pressure
Here are some other symbols you may see:
I
Hood Release
...
Vlll
Seats & Restraint Systems
Section
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your vehicle and how to use
your safety belts properly. You can also learn about some things you should
not do with air bags and safety belts.
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the seats-how
and down.
to adjust them, and fold them up
Front Seat (Except Easy Entry)
1 A CAUTION:
You can lose controlof the vehicle ifyou try to adjusta manual
driver’s seat while the vehicle
is moving. The sudden movement
could startle and confuse
you, or make you push a pedal when
you don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s seat
only when the vehicle
is not moving.
1-1
r
Move the lever under
the front of the seat
towards the driver’s
door to unlock it.
Slide the seat to where
you want it. Then
release the lever and
try to move the seat
with your bodyto
make sure the seat is
locked into place.
Front Seat (Easy Entry Only)
7
Move the lever under
the front of the seat up
to unlock it. Slide the
seat to where you
want it. Then release
the lever and try to
move the seat with
your body to make
sure the seat is locked
into place.
If you have this
feature, there will be a
knob on the outside of
the driver and
passenger bucket
seats.
Turn the top of the
knob forward to
increase lumbar
support or rearward to
decrease lumbar
support.
1-2
Reclining Front Seatbacks (Bucket Seats
or 60/40
Bench)
To adjust the seatback,
lift the lever on the
outer side of the seat.
Release the lever to
lock the seatback
where you want it.
Pull up on the lever
and the seat will go to
an upright position.
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is moving.
1-3
A
CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle inismotion can
be dangerous. Evenif you buckle up, your safety belts can’tdo
their jobwhen you’re reclined like this.
The shoulderbelt can’t do its job because it won’t be against
your body. Instead, it will bein front of you. In a crashyou
could go into it, receiving neckor otherinjuries.
The lapbelt can’t doits job either. In a crashthe belt couldgo
up over your abdomen. The belt forces would be
there, not at
your pelvic bones. This could causeserious internal injuries.
For properprotection when the vehicle isin motion, havethe
seatback upright. Then sit well back in the seat and wear your
safety belt properly.
Front Seatback Latches
The front seatback folds forward to let people get into the back seator reach
the storage area behind theseat. Your seatback will move back andforth
freely, unless you come to a sudden stop. Then it will lock in place.
There’s one time the seatback may not fold withoutsome help from you.
That’s if your vehicle is parked going down afairly steep hill.
To fold a front
seatback forward,
push the seatback
toward the rear as you
lift this latch. Then the
seatback will fold
forward. The latch
must be downfor the
seat to work properly.
1-4
Easy Entry Seat (Extended Cab)
The outside front
passenger bucket or
split-bench seat of
your vehicle makes it
easy to get in and out
of the rear vehicle
area.
When you tilt the outside front passenger seatback fully forward, the
whole seat will slide forward.
After someone gets into the rear seat area, move the seatback to its
original position. Then move the seat rearward until it locks.
A
CAUTION:
If an easy entry right front seat isn’t locked,
it can move. In a
sudden stopor crash, the person sitting there could
be injured.
After you’ve usedit, be sure to push rearwardon an easy entry
seat to be sure isit locked.
~~
To get out, again tilt the seatback fully forward.
1-5
Jump Seat (Extended Cab Models)
Position
Folded-Down
Stored
Position
Your extended cab pickup has jump seats in the rear area. To fold thejump
seat down, pull down on the handle on the bottom of the seat untilthe seat is
in place, then move theseatback to a vertical position. To store the seat, fold
the seatback down on the cushion, then push theentire seat up untilit is
flush with the trim panels.
Don’t let the safety belts bedamaged by the hinges or the latches. Safety
belts should be folded and stored between the seat cushion and seatback.
Safety Belts: They’refor Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts properly.It also
tells you some things you should not do with safety belts.
And it explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint, or “air bag” system.
A CAUTION:
Don’t let anyone ride where heor she can’t wear a safety belt
properly. If you are in a crash andyou’re not wearing a safety
belt, your injuries canbe much worse.You can hit things inside
the vehicle or be ejectedfrom it. You can be seriouslyinjured or
killed. In the same crash, you might not beif you are buckled
up. Always fasten your safety belt,and check that your
passengers’ belts are fastened properly too.
Your vehicle has a light that comes on as a reminder to buckle up. (See
“Safety Belt Reminder Light” in the Index.)
In many states and Canadian provinces, the law says to wear safety belts.
Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in acrash. If you do have a crash, you don’t
know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so serious that even
buckled up a person wouldn’tsurvive. But most crashes are in between. In
many of them, people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk away.
Without belts they could have been badly hurt or killed.
After more than 25 years of safety belts in vehicles, the facts are clear. In
most crashes buckling up does matter ... a lot!
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast asit goes.
Take the simplest
vehicle. Suppose it’s
just a seat on wheels.
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Get it up to speed.
Then stop the vehicle.
The rider doesn't stop.
hl
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The person keeps
going until stoppedby
something.
In a real vehicle,it
could be the
windshield ...
or the instrument
panel ...
I
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does. You get more time to
stop. You stop over moredistance, and your strongest bones take the forces.
That’s why safety belts make such good sense.
Here Are Questions Many People Ask About
Safety Belts-and the Answers
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle a f e r an accidentif I’m wearing a
safety belt?
A:
You could be - whether you’re wearing a safety belt or not. But you
can unbuckle a safety belt, even if you’re upside down. And your
chance of being conscious during and after an accident, so you can
unbuckle and get out, is much greater if you are belted.
1-9
0:Why don’t they just put in air bags so people won ’t have to wear
safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in more of them in the
future. But they are supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts - not instead of them. Every air bag system ever offered
for sale has required the use of safety belts. Evenif you’re in a vehicle
that has air bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most protection.
That’s true not only in frontal collisions, but especially in side and
other collisions.
Q: If I’m
agood driver, and I never drive far fromhome, why should I
wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but ifyou’re in an accident - even
one that isn’t your fault - you and your passengers can be hurt. Being
a good driver doesn’t protect youfrom things beyond yourcontrol,
such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of home. And the
greatest number of serious injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less
than 40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear SafetyBelts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be awarethat there are special things to know about safety belts and
children. And there are different rules for smaller children and babies. If a
child will be riding in your vehicle, see the part of this manual called
“Children.” Follow those rulesfor everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver Position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
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2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats”in the Index) SO YOU can sit UP
straight.
3. Pick up the latch
plate and pull the
belt across you.
Don’t let it get
twisted.
I
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull UP on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see“Safety Belt Extender” at the end of
this section.
Make sure therelease button on the buckle is positioned so you would
be ableto unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To make the lap
part tight, pull
down on the
buckle end of the
belt as you pull
up on the
shoulder belt.
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1
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I
I
I
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The lappart of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just
touching the thighs. Ina crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic bones.
And you’d beless likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the
belt would apply force at your abdomen.This could cause serious or even
fatal injuries, The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across the
chest. These parts of the body are best able to take belt restrainingforces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash.
Q: What’s wrong with this?
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly as much protection
this way.
1-12
IA
CAUTION:
You can be seriouslyhurt if your shoulderbelt is too loose.In a
crash you would moveforward too much, which could
increase
injury. The shoulderbelt should fit against your body.
Q: What’s wrong with this?
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
A CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is buckledin the wrong
place like this. In a crash, the belt would go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic bones.
This could causeserious internal injuries. Always buckle your
belt into thebuckle nearest you.
1-13
Q:
What’s wrong withthis?
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should be worn over the
shoulder at all times.
CAUTION:
You can be sedoasly injuredif you wear the shoulder belt under
your arm.In a crash, your body would move toofar forward,
which wouldincrease the chance of head and neck injury. Also,
the belt would apply too muchforce to the ribs, which aren’t as
1-14
Q: What’s wrong with this?
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
To unlatch the belt,
just push the button
on the buckle. The
belt should go back
out of the way.
Before you close the
door, be surethe belt
is out of the way. If
you slam the door on
it, you can damage
both the belt and
your vehicle.
1-15
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint System
w?)
This part explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (SIR) system, or air
bag.
Your vehicle has anair bag for the driver.
Here arethe most important things to know about the air bag system:
A CAUTION:
You can be severelyinjured orkilled in a crashif you aren’t
wearing your safety belt-even if you havean airbag. Wearing
your safety beltduring a crashhelps reduce your chance of
hitting things inside the vehicle or being ejectedfrom it. The air
bag is onlya %upplemental restraint.” That is, it works with
safety beltsbut doesn’t replace them. Air bags are designed to
work only in moderateto severe crashes where the front of your
vehicle hits something. Theyaren’t designed to inflate at all in
mllover, rear, side, or low-speed frontal crashes. Everyonein
your vehicle, including the driver, should weara safety belt
properly whether or not there’s an airbag for thatperson.?i;:?
..
-
/:
.,,
A CAUTION:
Air bags inflate with great force, faster thanthe blink of an eye.
If you’re too closeto an inflating air bag, it could seriously
injure you. Safety belts help keep
you in position for an air bag
inflation in a crash. Always wearyour safety belt, even with
an
air bag, and sit as far back as you can while stillmaintaining
control of your vehicle.
1-16
’:
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument panel, which shows
AIR BAG. The system checks the air bag’s electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. See “Air
Bag Readiness Light” in the Index for more information.
How the Air Bag System Works
Where is theair bag?
The driver’s airbag is in the middle of the steering wheel.
1-17
When should an air bag inflate?
The air bag is designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal crashes. The air bag will inflate only if the impact speed is
above the system’s designed “threshold level.” If your vehicle goes straight
into a wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level isabout 14 to 18
mph (23 to 29 k d h ) . The threshold level can vary, however, with specific
vehicle design, so that it can be somewhatabove or below this range. Ifyour
vehicle strikes something that will moveor deform, such as a parked car, the
threshold level will be higher.The air bag is not designedto inflate in
rollovers, side impacts, or rear impacts, because inflation would nothelp the
occupant.
In any particularcrash, no one can say whether anair bag should have
inflated simply becauseof the damage to a vehicle or because of what the
repair costs were. Inflation is determined by theangle of the impact and the
vehicle’s deceleration. Vehicledamage is only one indication of this.
The air bag system is designed to work properly under a wide range of
conditions, including off-road usage. Observe safe driving speeds,
especially on rough terrain.As always, wear your safety belt.See
“Off-Road Driving” in the Index for more tips on off-road driving.
What makes an air bag inflate?
In a frontal or near-frontal impact of sufficient severity, the air bag
sensing
system detects that the vehicleis suddenly stopping as a result of crash.
a
The sensing system triggers a chemical reactionof the sodium azide sealed
in the inflator. The reaction produces nitrogen gas, which inflates theair
bag. The inflator, air bag, and related hardwareare all part of the air bag
module packed inside the steering wheel.
1-18
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions, even belted
occupants can contact the steering wheel. The air bag supplements the
protection provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of the
impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body, stopping the occupant
more gradually. But air bags would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rollovers and rear and side impacts, primarily because an
occupant’s motion is not toward the air bag. Air bags should never be
regarded as anything more than a supplement to safety belts, and then only
in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions.
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
After the air bag inflates, it quickly deflates. This occurs so quickly that
some people may not even realize the air bag inflated. Some components of
the air bag module in the steering wheel hub will be hotfor a short time, but
the part of the bag that comes into contact with you will not be hotto the
touch. There will be some smokeand dust coming from vents in the deflated
air bag. Air bag inflation will not prevent the driver from seeing or from
being able to steer the vehicle, nor will it stop people from leaving the
vehicle.
A CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there
is dust in the air. This dust could
cause breathing problems for people with a history
of asthma or
other breathing trouble.To avoid this, everyone in the vehicle
should get outas soon as it is safe to doso. If you have breathing
problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates,
then get fresh air by opening a window or door.
The air bag is designed to inflate only once. After it inflates, you’ll
need some new parts for your air bag system. If you don’t get them, the
air bag system won’t be there to help protect you in another crash. A
new system will include the air bag module and possibly other parts.
The service manual for your vehicle covers the need to replace other
parts.
1-19
Your vehicle is equipped with a diagnostic module, which records
information about the air bag system. The module records information
about the readiness of the system, when thesensors are activated and
driver’s safety belt usage atdeployment.
Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag system. Improper
service can mean that yourair bag system won’t work properly.See
your dealer for service.
NOTICE:
If you damage the cover for the driver’s air bag, it may not work
properly. You may haveto replace the air bag module.Do not
open or breakthe air bag cover.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
The air bag affects how your vehicle shouldbe serviced. There are parts of
the air bag system in several places around your vehicle.You don’t want the
system to inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your GM
dealer and the 1995 GM Service Manual have information about servicing
your vehicle and the air bag system. To purchase a service manual, see
“Service Publications” in the Index.The air bag system does not need
regular maintenance.
I A CAUTION:
For up to2 minutes after theignition key is turned off and the
battery is disconnected, an air bag can still inflate during
improper service. You can be injured if you are close to an air
bag when,itinflates. Avoid wires wrapped with yellow tape, or
yellow connectors. Theyare probably part of the air bag system.
Be sure to follow proper service procedures,and make sure the
person performing work for you is qualified to do so.
1-20
Adding Equipment to Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Qt If I add a push bumper or a bicycle rack to the front of my vehicle,
will it keep the air bag from working properly?
A:
As long as the push bumper or bicycle rack is attached to your vehicle
so that the vehicle’s basic structure isn’t changed, it’s not likely to keep
the air bags from working properly in a crash.
Q: Is there anything I might add to the front of the vehicle that could
keep the air bag from working properly?
A:
Yes. If you add things that change your vehicle’s frame, bumper
system, front end sheet metal or height, they may keep the air bag
system from working properly. Also, the air bag system may not work
properly if you relocateany of the air bag sensors. If you have any
question about this, you should contact Customer Assistance before
you modify your vehicle. (The phone numbers and addresses for
Customer Assistance are in Step Two of the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure in this manual. See “Customer Satisfaction Procedure’’ in
the Index.)
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant women. Like all
occupants, they are more likely to be seriously injured if they don’t wear
safety belts.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and the lap portion
should be worn as low as possible throughout the pregnancy.
1-21
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the mother. When a safety belt
is worn properly, it’s more likely that the
fetus won’t be hurt in a crash.For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making safety belts effectiveis
wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
The right front passenger’s safety belt works thesame way as the driver’s
safety belt. See “Driver Position,” earlier in this section.
When the shoulder belt is pulled out all the way, it will lock. Ifit does, let it
go back all the way and start again.
Center Passenger Position
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a bench seat, someone can sit in the center position.
1-22
When you sit in a center seating position, you have a lap safety belt, which
has no retractor. To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along
the belt.
I
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap part of a
lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender”
at the end of this section.
Make sure therelease button on the buckle is positioned so you would be
able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
Rear Seat Passengers (Extended Cab
Jump
Seats)
Lap Belt
These arereserve seating positions equipped with lap belts only.
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up! Accident statistics
show that unbelted people in the rear seat are hurt more often in crashes
than those who are wearing safety belts.
1-23
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted canbe thrown out of the vehicle in
a crash. And theycan strike others in the vehiclewho are wearing safety
belts.
Each jump seat has a lap belt with no retractor.To make the belt longer,tilt
the latch plate a little and pull the belt.
1-24
a.
To make it shorter, pull the belt as shown until it is snug. Buckle and
position it the same way as the lap part of the driver’s safety belt (see
“Driver Position” in the Index). Make sure the release button on the buckle
is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you
ever had to. To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
Don’t use child restraints on these seats. They won’t work properly.
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes infants and all
children smaller than adult size. In fact, the law in every state in the United
States and in every Canadian province says children up to some agemust be
restrained while in a vehicle.
Smaller Children and Babies
1-25
A
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Child Restraints
Be sure to follow the instructions for the restraint. You may find these
instructions on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both. These restraints
use the belt system in your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured
within the restraint to helpreduce the chance of personal injury. The
instructions that come with the infant or child restraint will show you how
to do that.
The child restraint must be secured properly in the center (except 60/40
bench seat) or right front passenger seat. If you have a 60/40 split bench
seat, you must use the right front passenger seat.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move around in a
collision or sudden stop and injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly
secure any child restraint in your vehicle - even when no child is in it.
Top Strap
If your child restraint
has a top strap, it
should be anchored.
If you need to have an anchor installed, you can ask your GM dealer to put
it in for you. If you want to install an anchor yourself, your dealer can tell
you how to doit.
1-27
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center Seat
Position (Except60/40 Split Bench Seat)
Don’t use child restraints in thecenter position of a60/40 bench seat.
You’ll be using the lap belt.
See the earlier part about the top strap if the child restraint hasone.
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch plate and pulling it
along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions for the child
restraint.
3. Secure the child in the child restraint as the instructions say.
1-28
4. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show you how.
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you
would be able tounbuckle the safety beltquickly if you ever had to.
6. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push down on the child
restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is
secure. If the child restraint isn’t secure, turnthe latch plate over and
buckle it again. Then see if it is secure. If it isn’t, secure the restraint in
a different place in the vehicle and contact the child restraint maker for
their advice about how to attach the child restraint properly.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt. It will
be ready to work for anadult or larger child passenger.
Center Front Seat Position
(60/40 Split Bench Seat)
Don’t use a child restraintin this position. The restraint won’t work properly.
1-29
Jump Seats (Extended Cab)
Don’t use child restraints in these positions. The restraints won’t work
properly.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front Seat
Position
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part about the topstrap
if the childrestraint has one.
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions for the child
restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the instructions say.
1-30
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder portions of the
vehicle’s safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint
instructions will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face orneck, put it
behind the child restraint.
4. Buckle the belt.
Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to
unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Pull the rest of theshoulder belt all the way out of the retractor to set
the lock.
1-31
6. To tighten the belt, feed theshoulder belt back into the retractor while
you push down on the child restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is
secure.
To remove thechild restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle's safety belt and let
it goback all the way.
The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult or
larger child passenger.
Larger Children
Children who have outgrown child restraints should wear the vehicle's
safety belts.
Children who aren’t buckled up can be throWfl Out in a crasn.
Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other people who are.
Q: What if a childis wearing a lap-shoulder belt, but the child isso
small that the shoulder belt
is very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but be sure that the
shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the
child’s upper body would have the restraintthat belts provide. If the
child is so small that the shoulder belt is still very close to the child’s
face or neck, you might want to placethe child in a seat that has a lap
belt, if your vehicle has one.
1-33
A CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here achild issitting in a seat that has a lap-shoulder belt, but
the shoulder part is behind the child. If the child wearsthe belt
in this way, in a crash thechild might slideunder the belt. The
belt’s force would then be applied right on the child’s abdomen.
That could causeserious or fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt should be worn lowand
snug on the hips, just touching the child’s thighs.This applies belt force to
the child’s pelvic bones in a crash.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fastenaround you, you should useit.
But if a safety belt isn’tlong enough to fasten, your dealer will order you an
extender. It’s free. When you go in to order it, take the heaviest coat you
will wear, so the extender will be long enough for you. The extender will be
just foryou, and just for the seat in your vehicle that you choose. Don’t let
someone else use it, and use it only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it,
just attach it to the regular safety belt.
1-34
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors,
anchorages and reminder systems are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged restraint system parts. If you see anything that might keep
a restraint system from doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed belts may not protect you in a crash. They can rip apart under
impact forces. If a belt is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Replacing Seat and Restraint
System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, doyou need new belts’?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary. But if the belts were
stretched, as they would be if worn during a more severe crash, then YOU
need new belts.
If belts are cut ordamaged, replace them. Collision damage also may mean
you will need to have safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced. New
parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being usedat the
time of the collision.
Before replacing any safety belt, see your dealer for the correct part number.
You’ll need the model year and modelnumber for your vehicle. The model
year is on your title and registration. And you can find the model number on
the CertificatiodTire label of your vehicle. See “Certification/Tire Label” in
the Index.
The model number on the replacement belt must be listed on the safety belt
you want to replace. Pull the shoulder belt all the way out to see this label.
1-35
Notes
1-36
Features & Controls
Section
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your
vehicle, and information on starting, shifting and braking. Also explained
are the instrument panel and the warningsystems that tell you ifeverything
is working properly - and what to doif you have a problem.
Keys
2- 1
A CAUTION:
Leaving young children ina vehicle with the ignition key is
dangerous for many reasons.A child or others could be badly
injured or even killed.
They could operate power windows or other controls or even
make the vehicle move. Don’t leave the keys in a vehicle with
young children.
This vehicle has one
double-sided key for
the ignition and door
locks. It willfit with
either side up.
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FMllM 11111 1 1 1 1 I 11111 IllUl 111111 I I I1
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1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11.11
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.
When a new vehicle is
delivered, the dealer
provides the owner
with a pair of identical
keys and a bar-coded
0000
The bar-coded tag has a code on it that tells yourdealer or a qualified
locksmith how to make extra keys. Keep this tagin a safe place. If you lose
your keys, you’ll be able to have new ones made easily using this tag.
2-2
I NOTICE:
Your vehicle has a number
of new features that can help prevent
theft. But you can have a lot
of trouble getting into your vehicle
if you ever lock your keys inside.
You may even have to damage
your vehicle to get in.
So be sure you have extra keys.
Your Doors And How They Work
Side Doors
To open the door from
the outside, lift the
handle and pull the
door open.
To open the door from
the inside, pull the
lever toward you and
push the door open.
2-3
Door Locks
There areseveral ways to lock and unlock your vehicle:
From the outside: Use
your key.
2-4
From the inside: To
lock the door, slide the
lever on your inside
door rearward.
Power Door Locks
I
If your vehicle has
power door locks,
push LOCK on the
power door lock
switch on the door
armrest. This switch
will lock all the doors
at once.
To unlock the doors,
push on the raised
area next to the key
symbol.
Tailgate
You can open the
tailgate by pulling up
on the handle while
pulling the tailgate
down.
When you put the
tailgate back up, be
sure it latches
securely.
2-5
Tailgate Removal
1. Raise the tailgate
slightly and
remove both
retaining cables.
To remove each
cable, turn it so
the end faces the
front. Then, push
forward so the
larger part of the
hole is over the
bolt. Pull the end
over the bolt.
2. Lift the tailgate at
the right side and
pull it out at the left
side. (The tailgate
must be about
halfway down, or
the right side will
not come out.)
Reverse the
procedure to
reinstall. Make
sure thetailgate
is secure.
Leaving Your Vehicle
lr you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, open your door and set
the
locks from inside. Then get out andclose the door.
Keyless Entry System
If your vehicle has this option, you can lock and unlock your doors
from up
to 30 feet (9 m) away using the key chain transmitter supplied with
your
vehicle.
Your Keyless Entry System operates on a radio frequency subject to Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) Rules.
This device complies with Part 15 of theFCC Rules. Operation is subject to
the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesiredoperation.
2-6
Should interference to this system occur, try this:
Check to determine if battery replacement is necessary. See the
instructions on battery replacement.
0
Check the distance. You may be too far from your vehicle. This product
has a maximum range.
Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be blocking the
signal.
See your GM dealer or a qualified technician for service.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than an authorized service
facility could void authorization to use this equipment.
Operation
When you press UNLOCK, the driver’s door will unlock automatically. If
you press UNLOCK again within five seconds, all doors will unlock. All
doors will lock when LOCK is pressed.
Matching Transmitter(s)To Your Vehicle
Each key chain transmitter is coded to prevent another transmitter from
unlocking your vehicle. If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can
be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining
transmitters with you when you go to your dealer. When the dealer matches
the replacement transmitter to your vehicle, the remaining transmitters must
also be matched. Once the new transmitter is coded, the lost transmitter will
not unlock your vehicle.
You can match a transmitter to as many different vehicles as you own,
provided they are equipped with exactly the same model system. (General
Motors offers several different models of these systems on their vehicles.)
Each vehicle can have only two transmitters matched to it.
See your dealer to match transmitters to another vehicle.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the batteries in your key chain transmitter should last
about two years.
You can tell the batteries are weak if the transmitter won’t work at the
normal range in any location. If you have to get close toyour vehicle before
the transmitter works, it’s probably time to change the batteries.
2-7
Your transmitter housing snaps apart for ease in battery replacement. To
open the housing:
1. Insert a dime
between two
halves of the
transmitter
housing near the
key ring hole.
2. Removethe
bottom by
twisting the dime.
3. Remove and replace the batteries with two Duracell @-type batteries
(DL2016 or equivalent), positive side down.
4. Align and snap together the back and toptransmitter housings.
Theft
Vehicle theft is big business, especiallyin some cities. Although your
vehicle has a number of theft deterrent features, we know that nothingwe
put on it can make it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you can
help.
Key in the lgnition
If you walk away from your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an easy target
for joy riders or professional thieves - so don’t do it.
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door,you’ll hear a chime
reminding you to remove your key from the ignition and takeit with you.
Always do this. Your steering wheel will be locked, andso will your
ignition. If you have an automatic transmission, taking your key out also
locks your transmission. And remember to lock the doors.
2-8
Parking at Nlght
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your vehicle. Remember
to keep your valuables outof sight. Put them in a storagearea, or take them
with you.
Parking Lots
If you park in a lot where someone will be watching your vehicle, it’s best
to lock it up and take your keys. But what if you have to leave your ignition
key? Whatif you have to leave something valuablein your vehicle?
Put your valuables in a storage area, like your glove box.
Lock all the doors exceptthe driver’s.
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your modern vehicle doesn’t needan elaborate “break-in.” But
it will perform better inthe long run if you followthese
guidelines:
0
Keep your speed at 55 mph (88 km/h) or less for the first500
miles (804 km).
Don’t drive at any one speed- fast or slow - for the first
500 miles (804 km). Don’t make full-throttle starts.
Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles (322km) or
so. During this time your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new liningscan mean premature wear and
earlier replacement. Follow this “breaking-in” guideline
every timeyou get new brake linings.
Don’t tow a trailer during“break-in.” See “Towing a Trailer”
in the Index for more information.
2-9
Ignition Switch
Use your key to start your vehicle. The key lets you turn the ignition switch
to five different positions.
1. OFF
2
2. RUN
3. START
4. ACC
5
5. LOCK
ACC (Accessory) - ACC lets you use things like the radio and the
windshield wipers when theengine is off. To get into ACC, push inthe key
and turn it toward you. Your steering wheel will remain locked, just as it
was before you inserted the key.
Don’t operate accessories in the
ACC position for long periods
of time. Prolonged operationof accessories in theACC position
could drain your battery and prevent you from starting your
vehicle.
LOCK -This position locks your ignition, steering wheel and
transmission. It’s a theftdeterrent feature. You will only be able to remove
your key when the ignition is turned toLOCK.
OFF -This position lets you turn off the engine but still turn thesteering
wheel. Use OFF if you must have your vehicle in motion whilethe engine is
off (for example, if your vehicle is being pushed).
RUN -This isthe position for driving.
START - This starts your engine.
2- 10
I NOTICE:
If your key seemsstuck in LOCK and you can’t turn it, be sure
it is allthe way in. If it is, then turn the steering wheel leftand
right while you turn the key hard. But turn the key only with
your hand. Using a toolto force it could break the key or the
ignition switch.If none of this works, then your vehicle needs
service.
Key Release Button
The key cannot be
removed from the
ignition of manual
transmission vehicles
unless the key release
button is used.
2-11
To Remove the Key
On manual transmission vehicles, turn the key to the LOCK position while
pressing thekey release button down at the sametime. Pull the key straight
out.
On automatic transmission vehicles, turn the key to LOCK and pull it
straight out.
Starting Your Engine
Engines start differently. The 8th digit of your Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) shows the code letter or number for your engine. You will
find the VIN at the topleft of your instrument panel. (See “Vehicle
Identification Number” in the Index.) Follow the proper steps to start the
engine.
Automatic transmission:
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). Your engine won’t
start in any other position - that’s a safety feature. To restart when you’re
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift
to PARK (P) if your vehicle is moving. If you
do, you could damage the transmission. ShiftPARK
to
(P) only
when your vehicle is stopped.
Manual transmission:
The gearselector should be in neutral. Hold the clutch pedal to thefloor and
start the engine.Your vehicle won’t start if the clutch pedal is not all the
way down - that’s a safety feature.
To start your2.2 Liter engine:
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your ignition key to
START, When the engine starts, let go of the key. The idle speed will
go down as your engine gets warm.
r
NOTICE:
Holding your key in
START for longer than15 seconds at a time
will cause your battery to be drained much sooner.
And the
excessive heat can damage your starter motor.
2- 12
2. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then stops), it could be
flooded with too much gasoline. Try pushing your accelerator pedal all
the way to the floor and holding it there as you hold the key in START
for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts briefly but then stops
again, do the same thing,but this time keep the pedal down for five or
six seconds. This clearsthe extra gasoline from the engine.
’
NOTICE:
Your engine is designedto work with the electronics inyour
vehicle. If you add electrical parts oraccessories, you could
change the way the fuel injection system operates. Before adding
electrical equipment, check withyour dealer. If you don’t, your
engine might notperform properly.
If you ever have to have your vehicle towed, seethe part of this
manual thattells how to do it without damaging your vehicle.
See “Towing Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
To start your 4.3 Liter Code Z engine:
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your ignition key to
START. When the engine starts, let go of the key. The idle speed will
go down as your engine getswarm.
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than 15 seconds at a time
will cause your battery to be drained much sooner. Andthe
excessive heat can damage your starter motor.
2. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your key in START. If it doesn’t start
in three seconds, push the accelerator pedal about one-quarter of the
way down for 12 more seconds, or until it starts.
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then stops), it could be
flooded with too much gasoline. Try this:
4. Wait 15 seconds to let the starter motor cool down. Then push your
accelerator pedal all the way to the floor. Hold it there. Then, hold the
key in START for no more than ten seconds. This clears the extra
gasoline from the engine.
If the engine still doesn’t start, wait another 15 seconds and do Step4
again.
When the engine starts, let go of the key and the accelerator pedal.
2- 13
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed
to work with the electronics in your
vehicle. If you add electrical parts oraccessories, you could
change theway the fuel injection system operates. Before
adding
electrical equipment, check with your dealer.
If you don’t, your
engine might notperform properly.
If you ever have to have
your vehicle towed, seethe part of this
manual that tells how to do it without damaging your vehicle.
See “Towing Your Vehicle”in the Index.
To start your 4.3 Liter Code W engine:
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your ignition key to
START. When the engine starts, let go of the key. The idlespeed will
go down as your engine gets warm.
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than 15 seconds at a time
will cause yourbattery to be drained much sooner. And the
excessive heat can damage your starter motor.
2. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your keyin START. If it doesn’t start
in 10 seconds, push the accelerator pedal allthe way down for 5
seconds, or until it starts.
3. If your engine still won’t start, wait 15 seconds to let the starter motor
cool down and do it all again.
When the engine starts, let go of the key and the accelerator pedal.
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the electronics in your
vehicle. If you add electrical parts oraccessories, you could
change the way the fuel injection systemoperates. Before adding
electrical equipment, check withyour dealer. If you don’t,your
engine might notperform properly.
If you ever have to have your vehicle towed, see
the part of this
manual that tells how to do itwithout damagingyour vehicle.
See “Towing Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
1 NOTICE:
If you drive too quicklythrough deep puddlesor standing water,
water can come inthrough your engine’s air intake andbadly
damage your engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you can’t avoid
deep puddlesor standing water, drive through them very slowly.
Engine Coo/ant Heater (Option)
2.2 Liter
1. Engine coolant heater cord cap
2. Engine coolant heater cord clip
2- 15
4.3 Liter
A. Engine coolant heater cord strap
B. Engine coolant heater cord cap
In very cold weather, 0°F (-1 8 "C) or colder, the engine coolant heater can
help. You'll get easier starting and better fuel economyduring engine
warm-up. Usually, the coolant heater should be plugged in aminimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
To use the coolant heater:
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt outlet.
. ...,..,
A CAUTION:
,
,
~
...;_
..
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet could causean
electrical shock. Also,the wrong kindof extension cord could
overheat andcause a fire. You could be seriouslyinjured. Plug
the cord intoa properly grounded three-prong 110-volt outlet.
If the cord won't reach, use a heavy-dutythree-prong extension
cord rated forat least 15 amps.
2- 16
I NOTICE:
After you’ve used the coolant heater, be sure to store the cord as
it was before to keep it away from moving engine parts.
If you
don’t, it could be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged in? The answer
depends on the weather, the kind of oil you have, and some other things.
Instead of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact your GM
dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your vehicle. The dealer can give
you the best advice for that particular area.
Automatic Transmission
I
There are several
different positions for
your shift lever.
If your vehicle is equipped with automatic transmission, it now features an
electronic shift position indicator within the instrument cluster. This display
must be powered anytime the shift lever is-capable of being moved out of
the PARK (P) position. This means that if your key is in theOFF position,
but not locked, there will be a small current drain on your battery which
could discharge your battery over a period of time. If you have a need to
leave your key in the ignition inthe OFF position for an extended period for
any reason, it is recommended that you disconnect the battery cable from
the battery to prevent discharging your battery.
PARK (P) -This locks your rear wheels. It’s the best position to use
when you start your engine because your vehicle can’t move easily.
2-17
A
CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the shift lever is not
fully in PARK (P) with the parking brakefirmly set,Your
vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle whenthe engine is running unless you
have to. If you have leftthe engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could beinjured. To be sure your vehicle
won’t move, even when you’re onfairly level ground, always set
your parking brake andmove the shift lever toPARK (P),
If you have four-wheel drive, your vehicle willbe free to roll even if your shift lever is in PARK (P) - if your transfer case is
in NEUTRAL (N).So, be sure the transfer
case isin a drive gear,
two-wheel high (2HI)or four-wheel high (4HI) or four-wheel
low (4LO) -not in NEUTRAL (N). See “ShiftingInto PARK
(P)” in theIndex. If you’re pullinga trailer, see “Towing a
Trailer” in the Index.
REVERSE (R) - Use this gear to back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is movingforward
could damage your transmission. Shiftto REVERSE (R) only
after your vehicle is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forthto get out of snow, ice or sand
without damaging your transmission, see “If You’re Stuck: In Sand,
Mud, Ice or Snow” in the Index.
0
NEUTRAL (N) - In this position, your engine doesn’t connect with
the wheels. To restart when you’re already moving,use NEUTRAL (N)
only. Also, use NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
2 - 18
NOTICE:
Damage to your transmission caused by shifting out PARK
of
(P) or NEUTRAL(N) with the engine racing isn’t covered by
your warranty.
0
OVERDRIVE (@) - This position is for normal driving. If you need
more power for passing, and you’re:
-
Going less than about 35 mph (56 k d h ) , push your accelerator
pedal about halfway down.
-
Going about 35 mph (56 k d h ) or more, push the accelerator all
the way down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power.
(a)
OVERDRIVE
should not be used when towing a trailer,
carrying a heavy load, driving on steep hills, or for off-road
driving. Select DRIVE (D) when operating the vehicle under any
of these conditions.
0
DRIVE (D) - This is like @, but you never go into Overdrive. You
should use DRIVE (D) when towing a trailer, carrying a heavy load,
driving on steep hills, or for off-road driving.
SECOND GEAR (2) - This position gives you more power but lower
fuel economy. You can use SECOND GEAR ( 2 ) on hills. It can help
control your speed as you go down steep mountain roads, but then you
would also want to use your brakes off and on.
If you manually select SECOND GEAR (2), the transmission will drive
in second gear. You may use this feature for reducing torque to the rear
wheels when you are trying to start your vehicle from a stop on
slippery road surfaces.
2- 19
0
FIR$T GEAR (1) - This position gives you even more power (but
lower fuel economy) than SECOND GEAR (2). You can use it on very
steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the selector lever is put inFIRST
GEAR (1) while the vehicle is moving forward, the transmission won’t
shift into FIRST GEAR (1) until the vehicle is going slowlyenough.
NOTICE:
If your rear wheels can’t rotate, don’ttry to drive. This might
happen if you werestuck in very deepsand or mud or were up
against a solid object.
You could damage your transmission.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold your vehicle
there
with onlythe accelerator pedal. This could overheat
and damage
the transmission. Use your brakes or shift into PARK (P) to hold
your vehiclein position on a hill.
Five-Speed Manual Transmission
This is your shift
pattern. Here’s how to
operate your
transmission:
0
1
I
FIRST GEAR (1) -Press the clutch pedal and shift into FIRST
GEAR (1). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the
accelerator pedal.
You can shift into FIRST GEAR (1) when you’re going less 20
than
mph
(32 km/h). If you’ve come to a complete stop and it’s hard
to shift into
2-20
FIRST GEAR ( 1 ), put the shift leverin NEUTRAL (N) and let up on the
clutch. Press the clutch pedal back down. Then
shift into FIRSTGEAR ( 1 ) .
0
SECOND GEAR (2) - Press the clutch pedal as you let up on the
accelerator pedal and shift into SECOND GEAR (2). Then, slowly let
up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.
0
THIRD, FOURTH AND FIFTH GEARS
(3,4 and 5 ) - Shift into
THIRD GEAR ( 3 ) ,FOURTH GEAR (4)-and FIFTH GEAR (5) the
same way you do for SECOND GEAR (2). Slowly let up on the clutch
pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.
0
To Stop - Let up on the accelerator pedal and press the brake pedal.
Just before the vehicle stops, press the clutch pedal and the brake pedal,
and shift to NEUTRAL (N).
0
NEUTRAL (N)- Use this position when you start or idle your engine.
0
REVERSE (R)- To back up, press down the clutch pedal, wait about
6 seconds. then shift into REVERSE (R). Then let up on the clutch
pedal slowly while pressing the accelerator pedal.
I NOTICE:
Shift toREVERSE (R)only after your vehicle is stopped.
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is moving could
damage your transmission.
Also, use REVERSE (R), along with the parking brake, for parking
your vehicle.
SHIFT Light
If you have a manual
transmission, you
have an amber SHIFT
light. This light will
show you when to
shift to the next higher
gear for best fuel
economy. It is located
at the top ofyour
cluster, above your
fuel gage.
~
When this light comes on, you can shift to the next higher gear if weather,
road and traffic conditions let you. For the best fuel economy, accelerate
slowly and shift when the light comes on.
2-21
While you accelerate, it is normal for the light to go on and off if you
quickly change the position of the accelerator. Ignore the SHIFT light when
you downshift.
Four- Wheel Drive Vehicles Only:
If your vehicle has four-wheel drive and is equippedwith a manual
transmission, disregard the shift light when the transfercase is in 4LO.
Locking Rear Axle
If you have this feature, your rear axle can giveyou additional traction on
snow, mud, ice, sandor gravel. It works like a standard axle most of the
time, but when one of the rear wheels hasno traction and the other does, the
locking feature will allow the wheel with tractionto move the vehicle.
Parking Brake
To Set the Parking Brake:
Hold the regular brake
pedal down with your
right foot. Push down
the parking brake
pedal with your left
foot. If the ignitionis
on, the brake system
warning light will
come on.
To Release the Parking Brake:
Hold the regular brake
pedal down. Pull the
brake release lever. It
is located on the
bottom driver's side of
the instrument panel.
2-22
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake
on can cause your rear brakes
to
overheat. You may have to replace them, and you could also
damage other partsof your vehicle.
If you are ona hill: See “Parkingon Hills” in the Index. Thatsection
shows how to turn your front wheels.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any
hill: See “Towing a
Trailer” in the Index. That section shows what to do firstto keep the trailer
from moving.
Shifting IntoPARK (P)
(Automatic TransmissionModels Only)
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and set the parking
brake.
2-23
2. Move the shift
lever into PARK
(P) position like
this:
Pull the lever toward you.
Move the lever up as far as it will go.
3. If you have four-wheel drive with a manual transfer case shift lever, be
sure the transfer case is in a drive gear - not in NEUTRAL (N).
4. Move the key to LOCK.
5. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can walk away from your
vehicle with the key in yourhand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine Running
(Automatic Transmission Models Only)
2-24
Torque Lock (Automatic Transmission)
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your transmission into PARK
(P) properly, the weight of the vehicle may put too much force on the
parking pawl in the transmission. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P). This iscalled “torque lock.” To prevent torque lock,
set the parking brake and then shift into PARK (P) properly before you
leave the driver’s seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the
Index.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of PARK (P) before
you release the parking brake.
If “torque lock” does occur, you may needto have another vehicle push
yours a little uphill to take some of the pressure from the transmission, so
you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
Parkirig Your Vehicle (Manual Transmission
Models Only)
Before you get out of your vehicle, turn off your engine, put your manual
transmission in REVERSE (R) and firmly apply the parking brake.
If you have four-wheel drive with a manual transfer case shift lever, be sure
your transfer case is ina drive gear. Your vehicle could roll if it isn’t.
If you are parking on a hill, or if your vehicle is equipped to tow a trailer,
see “Parking on Hills” or “Towing a Trailer” inthe Index.
Parking Over Things That Burn
8
A
2-25
Things thatcan burn could touchhot exhaust parts under your
vehicle and ignite. Don’t park over papers, leaves, dry grass or
other things that can burn.
Engine Exhaust
A
CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas carbon monoxide
(CO),which you can’t seeor smell. It can cause unconsciousness
and death.
You might haveexhaust coming inif:
0
Your exhaust system sounds strange or different.
Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
0
Your vehicle wasdamaged in a collision.
Your vehicle wasdamaged when driving over high points on
the road or over road debris.
0
Repairs weren’t done correctly.
Your vehicleor exhaust system had been modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into yourvehicle:
Drive it only withall the windows down to blow out any CO;
and
Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-26
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked
(Automatic Transmission)
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you ever have to, here
are some things to know.
A CAUTION:
_ - i
.
.
If you have four-wheel drive with a manual transfer case shift lever and
your transfer case is in NEUTRAL (N), your vehicle will be free to roll,
even if your shift lever is in PARK (P). So, be sure the transfer case is in a
drive gear- not in NEUTRAL (N). Always set your parking brake. Follow
the proper steps to be sureyour vehicle won’t move. See “Shifting Into
PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling atrailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
2-27
Four- Wheel Drive (Option)
If your vehicle has four-wheel drive, you can send your engine’s driving
power to all four wheels for extra traction. To shift out of two-wheel drive
and into four-wheel drive, move the transfer case shift lever to 4HI or 4LO.
You should use 2HI for most normal driving conditions, however.
NOTICE:
Driving in the4HI or 4LO positions for a long time on dry or
wet pavement could shorten the life
of your vehicle’s drivetrain.
Manual Transfer Case
If your four-wheel
drive vehicle has the
manual transfer case,
the transfer case shift
lever is on the floor
An indicator light near
the lever shows you
the transfer case
settings:
0
2HI
4HI
0
N SET PARK
BRAKE
4LO
The frontaxle portion of the diagram on the indicator will light up when
you shift into four-wheel drive. A slight delay between shifting and the
pattern’s lighting is normal. If the pattern does not light up, or if the front
axle lights do not go out after you shift out of four-wheel drive, have your
dealer check your system. Turn the INT LIGHTS switch located to the right
of your headlight switch to dim your transfer case indicator light when your
headlights or parking lights are on. This will also causeyour instrument
panel lights to dim.
2HI -This setting is for driving in most street and highway situations.
Your front axle is not engaged in two-wheel drive.
4HI -This setting engages your front axle to help drive your vehicle. Use
4HI when you need extra traction, such as on snowy or icy roads, or in most
off-road situations.
N SET PARK BRAKE - Shift to this neutral setting only when your
vehicle needs to be towed.
4LO -This setting also efigziges your front axle to give you extra traction
and provides extra gear reduction. You may never need 4LO. It sends the
maximum power to all four wheels. You might choose 4LO if you were
driving off-road in sand, mud, or deepsnow and climbing or descending
steep hills.
You can shift from 2HI to 4HI or from 4HI to 2HI while the vehicle is
moving. Do not press the transfer case shift lever button when shifting from
2HI to 4HI or from 4HI to 2HT. Your front axle will engage faster if you
take your foot off of the accelerator for a few seconds after you shift.
To shift your transfer case intoN SET PARK BRAKE:
1. Stop the vehicle and shift your transmission into NEUTRAL (N).
2. Set the parking brake. Your vehicle can roll unless the brakes are
applied.
3. Pull the transfer case shift lever into N SET PARK BRAKE.
To shift into orout of 4LO:
1. The vehicle must be stopped or moving less than 3 mph (4.8 km/h)
with the transmission in NEUTRAL (N) for an automatic transmission
or the clutch pedal depressed with a manual transmission.
2. Press the transfer case shift button and shift in one continuous motion.
Don’t pause in N SET PARK BRAKE asyou shift into or outof 4L0, or
your gears could clash.
Remember that driving in 4HI or 4LOmay reduce fuel economy. Also,
driving in four-wheel drive on dry pavement could cause your tires to wear
faster and make your transfer case harder to shift and reduce powertrain
longevity.
2-29
Use theseswitches to shift into and out of four-wheel drive. You can choose
among three driving settings:
0
2HI - This setting is for driving in most street and highway situations.
Your front axle is not engaged in two-wheel drive.
0
4HI -This setting engages your front axle to help drive your vehicle.
Use 4HI when you needextra traction, such as on snowy or icy roads,
or in most off-road situations.
4LO - This setting also engages your front axle to give you extra
traction. You may never need4LO. It sends the maximum powerto all
four wheels. You might choose 4LO if you were driving off-road in
0
sand, mud, deep snow and climbing or descending steep hills.
Amber indicator lights in the switches show you which setting you are in.
The indicator lights will come on briefly when you turn on the ignition and
one will stay on. If the lights do not come on, you should take yourvehicle
in for service. When shifting, an indicator light will flash untilthe shift is
completed then remain solidly lit.
To shift from2HI to 4HI - Press and release the4HI switch. This canbe
done at any speed, and the front axle will lock automatically.
To shift from4HI to 2HI - Press and release the2HI switch. This canbe
done atany speed, and the front axle will unlock automatically.
To shift from2H1, or 4HI to 4LO - The vehicle must be stoppedor
moving less than 3 mph (4.8 km/h) with the transmission inNEUTRAL (N)
in vehicles equipped with an automatic transmission or the clutch pedal
depressed in vehicles equipped with a manual transmission. The preferred
method for shifting into 4LO is to have your vehicle slowly moving1 to 2
mph (1.6 to 3.2 k d h ) . Press and release the 4LO switch. You must wait for
the amber 4LO indicator light to stop flashing and go solid amber before
shifting your transmission into gear or releasing the clutch pedal.
2-30
If the 4LO switch is pressed when your vehicle is in gear and/or moving, the
amber 4LO indicator light will flash for 30 seconds and not complete the
and the transmission is
shift unless your vehicle is below 3 mph (4.8 km/h)
in NEUTRAL (N) or the clutch pedal depressed.
On automatic transmission equipped vehicles: If your transfer case doesnot
shift into 4L0, your transmission indicator switch may require adjustment.
With your transmission in NEUTRAL (N), press and release the 4LO
switch. While the amber4LO indicator light is flashing, shift your
transmission into PARK (P).
Wait until the 4LO indicator light goes solid amber before shifting your
transmission into gear. This will get you into 4L0, but you should take your
vehicle in for serviceso normal operation can be restored.
To shift from 4LO to 4HI - Your vehicle must be stopped or moving less
than 3 mph (4.8 km/h) with the transmission in NEUTRAL (N) or the clutch
pedal depressed. Thepreferred method for shifting out of 4LO is to have
your vehicle slowly moving 1 to 2 mph ( 1.6 to 3.2 km/h). Press and release
the 4HI switch. You must wait for the4HI indicator light to stop flashing
and go solid amber beforeshifting your transmission into gear or releasing
the clutch pedal.
If the 4HI switch is pressed when your vehicle is in gear and/or moving, the
4HI indicator light will flash for30 seconds but not complete the shift
unless the vehicle is below 3 mph (4.8 kmh) and the transmission is in
NEUTRAL (N) or theclutch pedal depressed.
On automatic transmission equipped vehicles: If your transfer case doesnot
shift into 4H1, your transmission indicator switch may require adjustment.
With your transmission in NEUTRAL (N), press and release the 4HI switch.
While the4HI indicator light is flashing,shift your transmission into PARK
(P). Wait until the 4HI indicator light goes solid amber before shifting your
transmission into gear. This will get you into 4H1, but you should take your
vehicle in for service so normal operation can berestored.
2-31
Windows
To open your manual
windows, turn the
hand crank on each
door to raise or lower
your side door
windows.
Push the side of the
switch with the down
arrow to lower the
window.
Push the side of the
switch with the up
arrow to raise the
window.
The driver’s window switch also has an “express” feature that allows it to
lower without holding the window switch. Hold the driver’s window switch
down for more than one half second to activate the express down feature.
Lightly tap the switch to open the window slightly. The express down
feature can be interrupted at any time by pressing the up arrow end of the
switch.
Sliding Rear Window
Your vehicle may have a sliding rear window.
Squeeze the latch in
the center of the
window and slide the
glass to open it.
When you close the
window, be sure the
latch catches.
Swing-Out Windows (Extended Cab)
To open a rear
swing-out window,
pull the latch toward
the front of the vehicle
and then push the
latch out and
rearward. When you
close the window, be
sure the latch catches.
Horn
' To sound the horn,
press anywhere on the
pad on the steering
wheel.
2-33
Tilt Wheel (Option)
I
If you have thetilt
steering wheel, you
should adjust the
steering wheel before
you drive.
I
You can raise it to the highest level to give your legs more room when you
enter and exit the vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pullthe lever. Move the
steering wheel to acomfortable level, then release the leverto lock the
wheel in place.
Do not adjust the steering wheel while driving.
Multifunction Lever
The lever on the left side of the steering column includes your:
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
Headlamp High-Low Beam
0
WindshieldWipers
Windshield Washer
Cruise Control (Option)
2-34
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
The turn signal has
two upward (for
Right) and two
downward (for Left)
positions. These
positions allow you to
signal a turn or a lane
change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.When the turn is
finished, the lever will return automatically.
es
A green arrow on the
instrument panel will
flash in the direction
of the turnor lane
change.
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever until the green arrow
starts to flash. Hold it there until you complete your lane change. The lever
will return by itself whenyou release it.
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows don’t flash but just stay
on, a signal bulb may be burned out and other drivers won’t see your turn
signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an accident. If the green
arrows don’t go on at all when you signal a turn, check the fuse (see “Fuses”
in the Index) and for burned-out bulbs.
If you have a trailer towing option with added wiringfor the trailer lights, a
different turn signal flasher is used. With this flasher installed, the signal
indicator will flash even if a turn signal bulb is burned out. Check the front
and rear turn signal lights regularly to make sure they are working.
2-35
Headlamp High-Low Beam
To change the
headlamps from low
beam to high or high
to low, pull the
multifunction lever all
the way toward you.
Then release it.
When the high beams
are on, this blue
indicator light on the
instrument panel also
will be on.
Windshield Wipers
You control the
windshield wipers by
turning the band with
the wiper symbol on
it.
For a single wipingcycle, turn the band to MIST. Hold it there until the
wipers start, then let go. The wipers will stop after one wipe. If you want
more wipes, hold the bandon MIST longer.
2-36
You can set the wiper speed for a long or short delay between wipes.This
can be very useful inlight rain or snow. Turn the band to choose the delay
time. The closerto LO, the shorter the delay.
For steady wiping at low speed, turn the band awayfrom you to the LO
position. For high speed wiping, turn the band further, to HI. To stop the
wipers, move the band to the off symbol.
Remember that worn or damaged wiper blades may prevent you from
seeing well enough to drive safely. To avoid damage, be sure to clear ice
and snow from the wiper blades before using them. If they’re frozen to the
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become worn
or damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wipers. The windshield wiper motor is
protected from overload by a circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor
overheats due to heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor cools.
Although the circuit is protected from electrical overload, overload due to
heavy snow, etc. may cause wiper linkage damage. Always clear ice and
heavy snow from the windshield before using your windshield wipers.
Windshield Washer
At the top of the multifunction lever there’s a paddle marked with the
windshield washer symbol and PUSH. To spray washer fluid on the
windshield, push the paddle.
The wipers will clear the window and then either stop or return to your
preset speed.
Driving without washer fluid can be dangerous. A bad mud splash can block
your vision. You could hit another vehicle or gooff the road. Check your
washer fluid level often.
2-37
I
A CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don’t useyour washer until the windshield
is warmed. Otherwisethe washer fluidcan form ice on the
windshield, blockingyour vision.
I
NOTICE:
When using concentrated washer fluid, follow the
manufacturer’s instructions for adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid. Water can
cause the solution to freezeand damage your washer fluid
tank andother parts of the washer system. Also,water
doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
~
Fill your washer fluidtank only 3/4 full when it’s very cold.
This allows for expansion, which could damage the tank if it is
completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your windshield washer. It
can damage your washer systemand paint.
Cruise Control (Option)
If you have Cruise
Control, the end of
your multifunction
lever will look like
this.
With Cruise Control, you can maintain a speed of about 25 mph (40 k d h )
or more without keeping your foot on the accelerator. This can really help
on long trips. Cruise Control does not work at speeds below about 25 mph
(40 km/h).
2-38
If you have an automatic transmission and you apply your brakes, the
Cruise Controlwill shut off.
If you have amanual transmission and you apply your brakes or push the
clutch pedal, the Cruise Control will shut off.
To Set Cruise Control
1. Move the Cruise
Control switch to
ON.
A CAUTION:
If you leave your Cruise Control switch on when you're not
go into Cruisewhen
using Cruise, youmi&€ hit a button and
you don't want to-Yaw could be startledand even lose control.
Keep the Cruise Control switchOFF until you wantto use it.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Push in the set button at the end of the lever and release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
2-39
To Resume a Set Speed
Suppose you set your Cruise Control at a desired speed and then you apply
the brake. This, of course, shuts off the Cruise Control. But you don’t need
to reset it.
Once you’re going
about 25 mph (40
km/h) or more, you
can move the Cruise
Control switch from
ON to R/A
(Resume/Accelerate)
for about half a
second.
You’ll go right back upto your chosen speed and stay there.
Remember, if you hold the switch at R/A (Resume/Accelerate) longer than
half a second, the vehicle will keep going faster until you release the switch
or apply the brake. You could be startled andeven lose control. So unless
you want to go faster, don’t holdthe switch at R/A (Resume/Accelerate).
To Increase Speed While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to goto a higher speed.
1. Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed. Push the button at
the end of the lever, then release the button and
the accelerator pedal.
You’ll now cruise at the higher speed.
2-40
I
2. lvlove the Cruise
switch from ON
to WA
(Resume/Acceler
ate). Hold it there
until you get up
to the speed you
want, and then
release the
switch.
To increase your speed in very small amounts, move the switch to WA
(Resume/Accelerate). Each time you do this, your vehicle will go about 1
mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
To Reduce Speed While Using Cruise Control
Push in the button at
the end of the lever
until you reach the
lower speed you want,
then release it.
To slow down in very small amounts, push the button for less than half a
second. Each time you do this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 k m h ) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
Use the acceleratorpedal to increase your speed. When you take your foot
off the pedal, your vehicle will slow down to the Cruise Controlspeed you
set earlier.
2-41
Using Cruise Controlon Hills
How well your Cruise Control will work on hillsdepends upon your speed,
load, and the steepness of the hills. When going up steephills, you may
want to step on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear to keep your speed
down. Of course, applying the brake takes you out of Cruise Control.Many
drivers find this to be too much trouble and don’t use Cruise Control on
steep hills.
To Get Out of Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn off the Cruise Control:
0
Step lightly on
the brake pedal or
push the clutch
pedal, if you have
a manual
transmission.
0
Move the Cruise
switch to OFF.
To Erase Speed Memory
When you turn off the CruiseControl or the ignition, your Cruise Control
set speed memoryis erased.
2-42
Your switches are on
the driver’s side of
your instrument panel.
Push the top switch with the parking lamps symbol on it to turn on:
0
Parking Lamps
Sidemarker Lamps
Taillamps
License Plate Lamps
Instrument Panel Lamps
0
Transfer Case Indicator Light (if you have one)
Push the bottom switch with the master lighting symbol on it to turn on all
the lamps listed above as well as the headlamps.
Push the side of the switch marked OFF to turn off your lamps.
Turn the switch next to the headlamp switch up to make your instrument
panel and transfer case lights brighter. Turn the switch all the way upto turn
on the interior lamps.
You can switch your headlamps from high to low beam by pulling on the
multifunction lever.
A circuit breaker protects your headlamps. If you have an electrical
overload, your headlamps will flicker on and off. Have your headlamp
wiring checked right away if this happens.
2-43
Fog Lamps (Option)
.
.., .
...
',
,,
..
,
:
L
Use your fog lamps
for better vision in
foggy or misty
conditions. Your
parking lights and/or
low beam headlamps
must be on or your
fog lamps won't work.
',I.?: ,:'*$+A&
.ii$..I.'.%$:~>:.
-,.-.:* .
,,
The foglamp switch is on the instrument panel underthe INT LIGHTS
switch.
Press the side of the
switch with the light
to turn the fog lamps
on, and OFF to turn
them off. A light will
glow in the switch
when the fog lamps
are on.
Remember, fog lamps alone will not give off as much light as your
headlamps.
Never use your fog lamps in the dark without turningon your headlamps.
Fog lamps will go off whenever your high beam headlamps come on. When
the high beams go off, the fog lamps will come on again.
2-44
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) lndicator Light
I
You may have this
light on the instrument
panel. It goes on
whenever the Daytime
Running Lamps are
on, the ignition is on,
the headlamp switch is
off, and the parking
brake is released.
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) make it easier to see the front of your
vehicle during the day. DRL can be helpful when it’s raining andin the
short periods after dawn and before sunset. Several countries, including
Canada, require DRL. Vehicles sold in the United States may have this
option.
The DRL system will make your high-beam headlamps come on at a
reduced brightness when:
The ignition is on,
0
The headlamp switch is off, and
0
The parking brake is released.
When the DRL are on, only your high-beam headlamps will be on. The
taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps won’t be on. Your instrument panel
won’t be lit up either.
When it begins to get dark, your DRL indicator light is a reminder to turn
your headlamp switch on. The other lamps that come on with your
headlamps will also come on.
When you turn the headlamp switch off, the regular lamps will go off, and
your high-beam headlamps will change to the reduced brightness of DRL.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, set the parking brake. The DRL will
stay off until you release the parking brake.
Headamps-On Reminder
A reminder tone will sound when your headlamps or parking lamps are
turned on and your ignition is in OFF, LOCK or ACC. To turn the tone off,
press the OFF switch.
2-45
Dome Lamp
L
The dome lamp will
come on when the
side doors are opened
You can also turn the
dome lamp on by
turning the INT
LIGHTS dimmer
switch up until it
clicks.
A
Mirrors
Inside Mirror
If your vehicle has optional map lamps, they will automatically come on for
approximately 20 seconds when either front door is opened or unlocked
with the Keyless Entry system, if so equipped, or until the ignition isturned
to RUN or ACC. The lights will also stay on for approximately 15 seconds
after you exit the vehicle.
They will also stay on for 15 seconds when the interior light switch on the
dash is turned on then off, while the ignitionis off.
2-46
Outside Mirrors
Adjust your outside
mirrors so you can
just see the side of
your vehicle.
Some mirrors are manually adjustable, and some mirrors come with an
optional remote control adjustment switch. Find the switch on the driver's
door armrest.
Turn the knob in the
switch to L or R to
choose the mirror,
then press the arrows
on the outside switch
ring to adjust the
mirror.
If you have the manually adjustable mirror, you canfold it before entering a
carwash. To fold, pull the mirrors in towards the vehicle. Push the mirrors
back out when finished.
2-47
Convex Outside Mirror
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex.
A convex mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the driver’s
seat.
Sun VisorsNanity Mirrors
To block out glare,
you can swing down
the top and bottom
visors. You can also
swing the bottom
visor from side to
side. Your visors may
have an extension that
can be pulled out for
additional glare
protection and a strap
for holding small
items, such as maps.
Some visors have a
lighted mirror. Just lift
the cover up to turn on
the mirror lights.
2-48
Accessory Power Outlets(Option)
If you have accessory
power outlets, you can
plug in auxiliary
electrical equipment.
Just pull down from
the top of the door and
follow the proper
installation
instructions that are
included with any
electrical equipment
you install.
These circuits are protected by a fuse and have maximum current levels.
I NOTICE:
When using the accessory power outlets, maximum electrical
load must not exceed25 amps. Always turnoff any electrical
equipment when not in use. Leaving electrical equipment on for
extended periodswill drain your battery.
Cigarette Lighter/Ashtray
To use the lighter,
press it in all the way,
and let go. When it’s
ready, it will pop back
by itself.
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand while it is heating. If you
do, it won’t be able to back away from the heating element when it’s ready.
That can make it overload, damaging the lighter and the heating element.
2-49
The ashtray must be
completely pulled out
to open position
before the ashtray
cover opens and
smoking material can
be deposited.
Don’t put papers andother things that burn into your ashtray. If you do,
cigarettes or other smoking materials could set themon fire causing
damage.
To remove the ashtray, push downon the metal cover.Then press up on the
release tab on the panel under the metal cover and remove the ashtray.
Storage Compartments
Your vehicle may
have a console
compartment between
the bucket seats. To
open it, just squeeze
the lever in the front
of the console while
lifting the top of the
console. Your console
also includes a handy
place to hold cups.
2-50
Cupholders are on the
front of split-bench
seats. Squeeze the
latch at the front of
the cupholder and pull
it straight out. The
liner removes for easy
cleaning and the
cupholder is
dishwasher safe.
To open your glove
box, squeeze the lever
at the top of the
glovebox and lower
the door.
Two cup depressions are provided for your convenience, but the glovebox
should not be open while driving.
2-53
A storage
compartment under
your radio may be
used to hold small
items.
You will find a storage
pocket on each of the
front doors.
Some vehicles may have a storage pocket on the back of the bucket or 60/40
bench seats.
2-52
lnstrument Panel
1. Vents
2. Instrument Cluster
3. Air ConditionerLHeater
4. Glove Box
5. Sound System
6. Power Aux Outlets
(Optional)
6. Cigarette Lighter
7. Brake Release Handle
8. Light Switches
9. Electronic Transfer Case (Option)
10. Fog Lamp Switch (Optional)
11. Ashtray
12. Storage Compartment
lnstrument Cluster
Your instrument clusteris designed tolet you know at a glancehow your
vehicle is running. you’ll know how fast you’re going, abouthow much fuel
you’ve used,and many other things you’ll need to know todrive safely and
economically.
2-53
Speedometer and Odometer
Your speedometer lets
you see your speed in
both miles per hour
(mph) and kilometers
per hour (km/h).
Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has beendriven, in either miles
(used in the U.S.) or kilometers (used in Canada).
Tamper Resistant Odometer
Tachometer
Standard
Cluster
Cluster
Your odometer is tamper resistant. It will show silver lines between the
numbers if someone tries to turn it back.
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a new odometer
installed. If the new one can be set to the mileage total of the old odometer,
then it must be. But if it can’t, then it’s set at zero, anda label must be put
on the driver’s door to show the old mileage reading when the new
odometer was installed.
2-54
Trip Odometer
Standard Cluster
The trip odometer can tell you how far your vehicle has been driven since
you last set the trip odometer to zero. Make sure the button is completely
depressed.
TOset the trip odometer to zero, completely push the button near the
readout.
Tachometer
The tachometer displays the engine speed in revolutions per minute (rpmj.
Each tachometer has a different limit depending on the powertrain in your
vehicle. The tachometer has three areas: normal operating range, red
warning range, and red danger range.
2-55
Normal operating range shows your engine speed during normal driving
conditions. For example, when the needle points to 2, it means the engine is
running at 2,000 revolutions per minute (rpm). The tachometer needle will
vary all the time that the engine is running.
The red warning range tells you that your engine speed is reachingits upper
limits. Don’t drive very long with the tachometer in the red warningrange.
If you have a manual transmission, shift to a higher gear assoon as possible.
If you have anautomatic transmission, lift your foot off of the accelerator
pedal. If you drive for very long with the tachometer in the red danger
range, engine damage will result.
I NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in the red range,
or engine damagewill occur.
The red danger range tells you that yourengine speed is at its upper limits.
You should immediately shift to a higher gear, or lift your foot off of the
accelerator pedal. If you drive for very long with the tachometer in the red
danger range, engine damage will result.
Warning Lights and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that may beon your
vehicle. The pictures will help you locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is wrong before it
becomes serious enough to cause an expensive repair or replacement.
Paying attention to your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or isa problem with one of your
vehicle’s functions. As you will see in the details on the next few pages,
some warning lights come on briefly when you start theengine just to let
you know they’re working. If you are familiar with this section, you should
not be alarmed when this happens.
Gages canindicate when there may beor is a problem with one of your
vehicle’s functions. Often gages and warning lights work together to let you
know when there’sa problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on when you are
driving, or when one of the gages shows there may be a problem, check the
section that tells you what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly - and even dangerous. So please get to
know your warning lights and gages. They’re a big help.
2-56
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a tone will come on forabout
eight seconds to remind people to fasten their safety belts, unless the
driver’s safety belt is already buckled. The safety belt light will also come
on and stay on for about 20 seconds, then it will flash for about 55 seconds.
If the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither the tone nor the light will
come on.
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument panel, which shows
AIR BAG. The system checks the air bag’s electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. The
system check includes the air bag sensors and module, the wiring and the
diagnostic module. For more information on the air bag system, see “Air
Bag” in the Index.
2-57
You will see this light flash for a few seconds when you turn your ignition
to RUN or START. Then the light should go out. This means the system is
ready.
If the air bag readiness light doesn’t come on when you start your vehicle,
or stays on, or comes on when you are driving, your air bag system may not
work properly. Haveyour vehicle serviced right away.
Brake System Warning Light
1
BRAKE
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake systemis divided into two parts. If one part
isn’t working, the other part can still work andstop you. For good braking,
though, you need both parts working well.
Your vehicle also has rear-wheel or four-wheel anti-lock brakes. See
“Anti-Lock Brakes” in the Index.If the warning light comes on, there could
be a brake problem with either your regular or rear-wheel anti-lock brakes,
or both. Have your brake system inspected right away.
This light should come on briefly as you start the vehicle. Ifit doesn’t come
on then, have it fixed so it will be readyto warn you if there’s a problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the road and stop
carefully. You may notice that the pedal is harderto push. Or, the pedalmay
go closer to the floor. It may takelonger to stop. If the light is still on, have
the vehicle towed for service. (See “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.)
2-58
The brake system warning light will also come onwhen you set your
parking brake, and it will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release fully.
If it stays on after your parking brake is fully released, it means you have a
brake problem.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light (Option)
If your vehicle has four-wheel anti-lock brakes, it will have this yellow
light.
With the anti-lock brake system, this light will come on when you start your
engine and may stay on for several seconds. That’s normal. If the light
doesn’t come on, have itfixed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a
problem.
If the light stays on, or comes on when you’re driving, your vehicle needs
service. If the regular brake system warning light isn’t on, you still have
brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock brakes. If the regular brake system
warning light is also on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes and there’s a
problem with your regular brakes. See “Brake System Warning Light”
earlier in this part.
2-59
Indicator Lights
Indicator lights go on when you use your turn signals, change from low
beam headlights to high beams, or when you use your hazard flashers.The
next few pages will also tell you about the indicator lights on your vehicle
and help you locate them.
Malfunction IndicatorLamp (SERVICE ENGINE SOON
Light)
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
The amber
Malfunction Indicator
Lamp (SERVICE
ENGINE SOON
Light) is located at the
top of your instrument
panel.
A computer monitors operation ofyour fuel, ignition and emissioncontrol
systems. This light should come on when the ignition ison, but the engine is
not running, as a check to show you it is working. If it does not come on at
all, have it fixed right away.If it stays on, or it comes on while you are
driving, the computer is indicating that you have a problem. You should
take your vehicle in for service soon.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this on,
lightafter awhile
the emission controls won’t work
as well, your fuel economy
won’t be as good and your engine may not run
as smoothly. This
could leadto costly repairs not covered by your warranty.
If Your Vehicle is Equipped withOBD I1
Certain vehicles with 4.3 liter engines are equipped with a new emission
diagnostic system. You can tell whether your vehicle has thissystem by
reading your tune-up label located under the hood. If the label says “OBD
11” on it, the following instructions apply.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp(SERVICE ENGINE SOON Light)
Your vehicle is equipped with an onboard computerwhich monitors
operation of the emission control system. This system
is called OBD I1
(On-Board Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to assure that
emissions are at acceptable levels for the lifeof the vehicle, helping to
produce a cleaner environment. The
“SERVICE ENGINE SOON’ light
comes on to indicate when service isrequired. Malfunctions often will be
indicated by the system beforeany problem is apparent, which may prevent
more serious damage to your vehicle. This systemis also designed to assist
your service technician in
correctly diagnosing any malfunction.
The “SERVICE ENGINE SOON, light should come on,as a checkto show
you it is working, when the ignition is on and the engine isnot running. This
light will also come during amalfunction in one of two ways:
0
Light on steady - indicates a systemmalfunction has been detected.
Drive the vehicle to the dealer for service at
your first opportunity.
0
Light flashing- indicates a misfirehas been detected which may
damage the emission control system. The damage
may be reduced by
lowering thevehicle speed, reducing theamount of cargo being hauled
or trailered, avoiding hard acceleration, or by avoiding steepuphill
grades. If these actions areeffective, the light will stop flashingand
remain on steady. Drive the vehicleto a dealer forservice. If the light
continues to flash, stop thevehicle. Wait for a steadylight to come on,
then drive thevehicle to a dealer forservice.
These following conditions also
may cause the “SERVICE ENGINE
SOON” light to comeon:
Low FueVOut of Fuel -As the vehicle startsto run out of fuel the
“SERVICE ENGINE SOON” light may come on as aresult of an engine
misfire. Filling your gasoline tank should correct this condition. Make sure
to install the gas capfully. It will require afew driving trips to turn the light
off.
Poor Quality Fuel- Be sureto fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. Your
engine may not run efficiently on poor fuel. Poor fuel may cause stalling,
hesitation or misfire. These conditionsmay go away when the engineis
warned-up. However, poor quality fuel may cause the“SERVICE ENGINE
SOON, light to come on.
Have a dealer check the
vehicle. If no problems are found, you may want to
change to another brand of fuel.
Driving Through StandingWater - Driving your vehicle through puddles
of deep standingwater may result in a temporary misfire condition. This
condition will usually correct itself shortly after the electrical system dries
out. It will require afew driving trips to turn the lightoff.
2-61
Charging System lndicator Light
The red charging
system indicator light
is above your oil
temperature gage on
your instrument
cluster and will come
on briefly when you
turn on the ignition,
but the engine is not
running, as a check to
show you it is
working.
It should go out once the engine is running. If it stays on, or comes on while
you are driving, you may have a problem with the chargingsystem. It could
indicate that you have problems with a generator drive belt, or another
electrical problem. Have it checked right away. Driving whilethis light is on
could drain your battery.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on, be certain to turn off all
your accessories, such as the radio and air conditioner.
CHECK GAGES lndicator Light
CHECK
GAGES
This amber CHECK
GAGES indicator
light is above the fuel
gage on the instrument
cluster and will come
on briefly when you
are starting the engine.
If the light comes on and stays on whileyou are driving, check your coolant
temperature and engine oil pressure gages to see if they are in the warning
zones.
2-62
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) Indicator Light
This green DRL
indicator light is
above the fuel gage on
the instrument cluster.
The DRL indicator light is on whenever the ignition is on and the headlight
switch and parking brake are off. For more details about DRL, see “Daytime
Running Lamps” in this section.
SHIFT Indicator Light
This amber SHIFT
indicator light is atthe
top of the instrument
cluster of vehicles
with manual
transmissions.
Shifting when the
indicator light is on
will help you get the
best fuel economy.
See “SHIFT Light” in
this section.
2- 63
Headlamp High-Beam Indicator Light
This blue high-beam
indicator light is
above the engine oil
temperature gage on
the instrument cluster
and is onwhenever
you use your high
beam headlamps. See
“Headlamp High-Low
Beam Changer” in this
section.
A
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator Light
This light with the
green arrows is on
both sides of the
speedometer on the
instrument cluster.
The turn signal
indicator will come on
whenever you signal a
turn or lane change.
See “Turn and Lane
Change Signal” in this
section.
2-64
Gages
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
This gageshows the
engine coolant
temperature. If the
gage pointer moves
into the red area, your
engine is too hot!
210
It means that your engine coolant has overheated. If you have been
operating your vehicle under normal driving conditions, you should pull off
the road, stop your vehicle and turnoff the engine as soon as possible.
Hot Coolant CanBurn you Badly! In Problems On The Road, this manual
explains what to do. See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
Oil Pressure Gage
The oil pressure gage
shows the engine oil
pressure in psi
(pounds per square
inch) when the engine
is running. Canadian
vehicles indicate
pressure in kPa
(kilopascals).
Oil pressure may vary with engine speed, outside temperature and oil
viscosity, but readings above the low pressure zone indicate the normal
operating range.
A reading in the low pressure zone may be caused by a aangerously low oil
level or other problems causing low oil pressure.
2-65
A CAUTION:
Don’t keepdriving if the oil pressure is low. If you do,your
engine can become so hot that it catches fire. You or others could
be burned. Check your oil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil problems can be
costly and is not coveredby your warranty.
Fuel Gage
The fuel gage tells
you about howmuch
fuel you have
remaining when the
ignition is on. When
the gage first indicates
empty, you still have a
little fuel left, but you
should get more fuel
soon.
Here are fourthings that some owners ask about. None of these showa
problem with your fuelgage:
At the gas station, the gas pump shuts off before the gage reads full.
0
It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the gage indicated. For
example, the gage may have indicated the tank was halffull, but it
actually took a little more or less than half the tank’s capacity to fill the
tank.
0
The gage moves a little when you turn a corner or speed up.
The gage doesn’t go back to empty when you turn off the ignition.
For your fuel tank capacity, see the Index under “Fluid
Capacities.”
2-66
Voltmeter Gage
When your engine is
not running, but the
ignition is on (in the
RUN position), this
gage shows your
battery’s state of
charge in DC volts.
14
9
When the engine is running, the gage shows the condition of the charging
system. Readings between the low and highwarning zones indicate the
normal operating range.
Readings in the low warning zone may occur when a large number of
electrical accessories are operating in the vehicle and the engine is left at an
idle for an extended period. This condition is normal since the charging
system is not able to provide full power at engine idle. As engine speeds are
increased, this condition should correct itself as higher engine speeds allow
the charging system to create maximum power.
You can only drive for a short time with the reading in either warning zone.
If you must drive, turn off all unnecessary accessories.
Readings in either warning zone indicate a possible problem in the electrical
system. Have the vehicle serviced as soon as possible.
Center High MountedStop Lamp (CHMSL)
Feed Wire
Your vehicle includes a Center High Mounted Stop Lamp(CHMSL) located
above the rear window.
If equipment such as a cap or camper is installed, a wire labeled “Center
High Mounted Stop Lamp (CHMSL)” feed is provided along the left rear
frame. This wire should be used to install a CHMSL in the cap or camper.
2-67
Trailer Wiring Harness
Your vehicle may have either a 5-wire or 7-wire harness.
The 5-wire harness is stored under your vehicle, along the left rear frame
crossmember. The harness has no connector, and you should have a
qualified service person wire your harness for you. Be sure you leave it
loose enough so the wiring doesn’t bend or break, but not so loose that it
drags on the ground.
Store the harnessin its original place. Wrap the harness together and tie it
neatly so it won’t bedamaged.
The 7-wire is stored under your vehicle along the rear frame crossmember.
This harness has 30
a Amp. in-line fused battery feed wire and no
connector, and should be wired bya qualified service person. Attach the
harness to the trailer, then tape orstrap it to your vehicle’s frame rail. Be
sure you leave it loose enough so the wiring doesn’t bend or break, but not
so loose that it drags on the ground.
Store theharness in its original place. Wrap the harness together and tie it
neatly so it won’t be damaged.
The fuse fortrailer wiring is in-line and located in left front side panel
electrical block.
2-68
Comfort Controls& Audio Systems
Section
In this section you'll find out how to operate the comfort control systems
and audio systems offered with your vehicle. Be sure toread about the
particular system supplied with your vehicle.
Comfort Controls
Heater Controls
If your vehicle does
not have air
conditioning, your
heater controls will
look like this.
The switch with the fan symbol changes the fan speed. To increase the fan
speed, push the switch upward toward HI. To decrease the fan speed, push
the switch downward toward LO.
The upper knob changes the air temperature. Turn the knob clockwise for
warmer air. Turn the knob counterclockwise for cooler air.
3-1
The lower knob changes the heater function anddetermines which outlets
the air will flow through (instrument panel, defroster, heater,etc.).
OFF - This setting turns off all heating functions. Some outside air will
still come outof the heateroutlet whenever the vehicleis moving forward.
VENT - Airflow is through the instrument panel vents. Set the upper
knob
to the temperature desired. This setting is useful for mild outside
temperatures, when little heating or cooling is desired.
BI-LEV - Outside air comes in through the heater floor vents and the
instrument panel vents. This setting is useful in cool weather with bright
sunlight.
HEAT - Heated air comes out through the heater floor vents and
windshield defroster vents. This setting is usefulfor cold weather.
BLEND - Airflow is divided equally between the heaterfloor vent and the
windshield defroster vents. This setting is useful in cool weather when you
have fog or ice on the windshieldor side windows.
DEF -This setting directs most air through the windshield defroster vents
and some through the heater vents. This setting is useful when you havefog
or ice onthe windshield.
Heater/Air Conditioning Controls
If your vehicle hasair
conditioning, your
heatedair conditioning
controls will look like
this.
Before using your vehicle's air conditioning, open the windowsto clear the
vehicle of hot air.
The switch with the fan symbol changes the fan speed. To increase the fan
speed, push the switch upward towardHI. To decrease the fan speed, push
the switch downward toward LO.
The upper knob changes the air temperature. Turn the knobclockwise for
warmer air. Turn theknob counterclockwise for cooler air.
3-2
The lower knob selects the heater or air conditioning function and
determines which outlets the air will flow through (instrument panel,
defroster, heater, etc.).
OFF - This setting turns off all heating functions. Some outsideair will
still come outof the heater outlet whenever the vehicleis moving forward.
MAX A/C - Air inside your vehicle is recirculated to maximize your air
conditioner’s performanceand your vehicle’s fuel economy. This setting
cools theair the fastest and should be used tokeep “unwanted odors” and/or
dust from entering the
vehicle.
NORM A/C - This setting cools outsideair and directs it through the
instrument panel vents. This setting is useful for normal cooling on hot
days.
BI-LEV A/C - Air is delivered through the heater floor vents as well as
the instrument panel vents. This setting is useful in cool weather with bright
sunlight.
VENT - Airflow is through the instrumentpanel vents. Set the upper knob
to the temperature desired. This setting is useful for mild outside
temperatures, when little heating or coolingis desired. The air conditioner
does not run.
HEAT -Heated air comes outthrough the heater floor vents and
windshield defroster vents. This setting is useful for coldweather.
BLEND - Airflow is divided equally between the heater floor vent and the
windshield defroster vents. This setting is useful in cool weather when you
have fog orice on the windshield or side windows.
DEF - This setting directs most air through the windshield defroster vents
and some throughthe heater vents. This setting is useful when you have fog
or ice on the windshield.
Engine Coolant Heater (Option)
If you use the optional engine coolant heater
before starting your engine,
your heating system will produce warmer air faster, to heat the passenger
in the Index.
compartment in cold weather. See “Engine Coolant Heater”
3-3
Ventilation System
Your vehicle's ventilation system supplies outside air to the inside of your
vehicle when it is moving. With the side windows closed, air will flow into
the frontair inlet grilles, through the vehicle, and out the rear air exhaust
valve. Outside air will also enter the vehicle when the heater or theair
conditioning fan isrunning.
Ventilation Tips
0
Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow, or any other
obstruction (such as leaves). The heater and defroster will work far
better, reducingthe chance of fogging the inside of your windows.
0
When you enter a vehicle in cold weather, turn the blower fan to HI for
a few moments before driving off. This helps clear the intake ducts of
snow and moisture, and reduces the chance of fogging the inside of
your windows.
0
Keep the air path under the front seats clear of objects. This helps air to
circulate throughout your vehicle.
You will find air vents
in the center and on
the sides of your
instrument panel.
3-4
You can move the vents to direct the flow of air, or closethe vents
altogether. When you close a vent, it will increase theflow of air coming out
of any vents that are open.
Audio Systems
Your [email protected] audio system has
been designed to operate easily and give
years of listening pleasure. But you will get the most enjoyment outof it if
you acquaint yourself with it first. Find out what your [email protected] do
and how to operate all its controls, to be sure you’re getting the most out of
the advanced engineeringthat went into it.
Setting the Clock (Audio Systems without
a Compact
Disc)
To set the clock:
1. Press the SET button.
2. Within 5 seconds, push and hold SEEK until the correct minute appears
on the display.
3. Press and hold SCAN until the correct hour appears on the display.
To display the clockwith the ignition off, push the upper knob. The time
will be displayed for afew seconds.
Setting the Clock (Audio Systems with a Compact
Disc)
To set the clock:
1. Press the SET button. The radio may be on or off.
2. Within 5 seconds, press and hold either SEEK
correct minute appearson the display.
or 4 SEEK until the
3. Press and hold SCAN until the correct hour appears on the display.
3-5
How to Operate Your ETW AM-FM Stereo Audio
System
. . .. ..
:.*:,.:
This part tells you how your [email protected] audio system works.
Upper Knob (PWR-VOL-RECALL) - The upper knob has thesefour
functions:
Turn it to turn the system on and off.
Turn it to control the volume.
0
Press it to display the time when the ignition is off.
Press it to change between the clock and the radio station frequency
displayed when the radio is on.
BAL (Balance) - The control ring behind the upperknob adjusts the
lefvright speaker balance.
Lower Knob (TUNE-AM-FM)
-
The lower knob has two functions:
0
Turn it to tune in radio stations.
0
Press it to change between the AM and FM bands.
FADE - The control ring behind the lowerknob adjusts the frondrear
speaker balance.
SEEK - Press the SEEK button to cause the receiver to SEEK the next
higher station and stop.
SCAN - Press the SCAN button to hear each station for a few seconds.
Push it again when you reachthe station you want to listen to and the radio
will stop scanning. “SCAN” appears in the display.
3-6
Pushbuttons - The fourpushbuttons let you return to favorite stations. To
set the pushbuttons for up to fourteen favorite stations (7 AM and 7 FM):
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press the SET button. “SET” appears in the display.
3. Within 5 seconds, press one of the four pushbuttons to store the station.
Whenever you press that button, the preset station will return.
Repeat these steps for each pushbutton.
NOTE:
In addition to the four stations set as above, up to three additional stations
may be preset on each band by pressing two adjoining buttons at the same
time. Then do the following:
I . Tune in the desired station.
2. Press the SET button. “SET” appears in the display momentarily.
3. Within 5 seconds, press any two adjoining pushbuttons at the same
time. (The station will return when the same two buttons are pressed
again.)
TREBLE - Slide the TREBLE lever up to increase the treble response. If a
station is weak or noisy, slide the TREBLE lever down to reduce the noise.
BASS - Slide the BASS lever up to increase the bass response. Adjust the
BASS lever to give a pleasing sound to your ear.
How to Operate Your ET/[email protected] Stereo Audio
Cassette System
This part tells you how your [email protected] stereo audio cassette system
works.
3-7
Upper Knob (PWR-VOL-PROG-RCL)
functions:
- The upper knob has these five
0
Turn it to turn the system on and off.
0
Turn it to control the volume.
Press it to display the time when the ignition is off.
Press itto change between the clockand the radiostation frequency
displayed when the radiois on.
0
Press itto change sides of a tapewhen a cassette is playing.
BAL (Balance) -The controlring behind the upper knob adjusts the
lefdright speaker balance.
Lower Knob (TUNE-AM-FM) -The lower knob has two functions:
Turn it to tune in radio stations.
Press it to change between the AM and FM bands.
FADE - The controlring behind the lower knob adjusts the frondrear
speaker balance.
SEEK -Press theSEEK button to causethe receiver to SEEK the next
higher station and stop.
SCAN -Press the SCAN button to hear each station for a few seconds.
Push itagain when you reach the station you want to listen to and the radio
will stop scanning. “SCAN’ appears in thedisplay.
Pushbuttons -The four pushbuttonslet you return to favorite stations. To
set the pushbuttons forup to fourteen favorite stations (7 AM and 7 FM):
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press the SET button. “SET” appears in the display momentarily.
3. Within 5 seconds, press oneof the fourpushbuttons to store the station.
Whenever you press that button, the preset station will return.
NOTE:
In addition to the four stations set as above, up to three additional stations
may be preset on each band by pressing two adjoining pushbuttons at the
same time. Then do the following:
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Push the SET button. “SET” appears in the display momentarily.
3. Within 5 seconds, press any two adjoining pushbuttons at the same
time. (The station will return when the same two buttons are pressed
again.)
3-8
Repeat thesesteps for each pair of buttons.
TREBLE - Slide the TREBLE leverup to increase the treble response. If
the station is weak or noisy, slide the TREBLE leverdown to reduce the
noise.
BASS - Slide theBASS lever up to increase thebass response. Adjust the
BASS lever to give a pleasingsound to your ear.
AUTO DNR - This unit is equipped with an automatic Dynamic Noise
Reduction system. [email protected]
background hiss on AM and FM radio
broadcasts, as well as on cassette tapes. [email protected] aregistered trademark of
National Semiconductor Corporation.
@
To PIay A Cassette
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are 30 to 45 minutes
long on each side. Tapes longer than that are so thin they may not work well
in this player.
Once the tapeis playing, use the upperand lower knobs for volume, balance
and fade just asyou do for theradio. A lighted arrow shows which direction
the tape is being played.
FWD - To rapidly advance thetape, press 4 or b in the direction that the
amber arrow points and the tape
will rapidly go forwarduntil you press the
STOP-EJECT button lightly.
REV - To rapidly reverse thetape, press 4 or b in the oppositedirection
that the amberarrow points and the tapewill rapidly reverse until you press
the STOP-EJECT button lightly.
PROGRAM -To go from oneside of the tape to the other, press the
PWR-VOL-PROG-RCL knob.
STOP-EJECT - To remove the tape or stopthe tape and switch to radio,
press the STOP-EJECT button.
If “Cln” (Clean) appearson the display when you insert your cassette tape,
your cassette player needsto be cleaned.It will still play cassette tapes but it
should be cleaned to prevent damage to your cassette tapes and the cassette
tape player. See “Careof Your Cassette Tape Player” later in this section.
After you have cleaned thecassette tape player, press and hold EJECT for5
seconds to reset the the “Cln”indicator. The radiowill display “- - -” to
show the clean featurehas been reset.
3-9
How to Operate YourETW AM-FM Stereo Audio
Cassette System with Equalizer
This part tells you how your [email protected] stereo audio cassette system
with equalizer works:
Upper Knob (PWR-VOL-PROG-RCL) - The upper knob has these five
functions:
0
Turn it to turn the system on and off.
Turn it to control the volume.
Press it to display the time when the ignition is off.
0
Press it to change between the clock and the radio station frequency
displayed when the radio is on.
0
Press it to change sides of a tape when a cassette is playing.
BAL (Balance) -The control ring behind the upper knob adjusts the
lefuright speaker balance.
Lower Knob (TUNE-AM-FM) -The lower knob has two functions:
0
Turn it to tune in radio stations.
0
Press it to change between the AM and FM bands.
FADE -The control ring behind the lower knob adjusts the fronthear
speaker balance.
SEEK - Press the SEEK button to cause the receiver to SEEK the next
higher station and stop.
SCAN -Press the SCAN button to hear each station for a few seconds.
Push it again when you reach the station you want to listen to and the radio
will stop scanning. “SCAN” appears in the display.
Pushbuttons - The fourpushbuttons let you return to favorite stations. To
set the pushbuttons for upto fourteen favorite stations (7 AM and 7 FM):
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Push the SET button. “SET” appears in the display for about 5 seconds.
3. Within the 5 seconds, push one of the four pushbuttons. Whenever you
press that button, the preset station will return.
NOTE:
In addition to the four stations set as above, upto three additional stations
may be preset on eachband by pressing two adjoining pushbuttons at the
same time. Then do the following:
I . Tune in the desired station.
2. Press the SET button.
3. Within 5 seconds, press any two adjoining pushbuttons at the same
time. (The station will return when thesame two buttons are pressed
again.)
Adjust the Tone - Use the levers in the upper middle left corner to set the
bass, midrange, and treble until you get the sound you want. The 60 and 250
levers adjust the bass, 1 K is midrange, and 3.5K and 1OK control the treble.
We suggest you start with the center lever (1 K) in the midpoint position,
then move the others up until you get the amount of bass and treble you like.
Am-St Button - The Am-St button is just below the SEARCH button.
Push this when you tune to an AM station thatbroadcasts in stereo. Your
STEREO light will come on when you’re receiving AM stereo. If you push
Am-St and there is no more noise, it means the station is weak. You’ll hear
the station better if you don’t use Am-St. Just push the Am-St button again
to delete stereo.
AUTO [email protected] This unit is equipped with an automatic Dynamic Noise
Reduction system. [email protected] hiss on AM and FM radio
broadcasts, as well as on cassette tapes. [email protected] registered trademark of
National Semiconductor Corporation.
To Flay A Cassette
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are 30 to 45 minutes
long on each side. Tapes longer than that are so thin they may not work well
in this player.
Once the tape is playing, use the upper and lower knobs for volume, balance
and fade just as you do for the radio. A lighted arrow shows which direction
the tape is being played,
0 2 - The Cr02button lets you set the system for the type of cassette
being used. If you are using chrome ormetal tapes, push the Cr02 button in.
3-11
FWD -To rapidly advance the tape, press 4 or
in the direction that the
amber arrow points and the tape will rapidly go forward until you press the
STOP-EJECT button lightly.
REV - To rapidly reverse thetape, press 4 or b in the opposite direction
that the amberarrow points and the tape will rapidly reverse until you press
the STOP-EJECT button lightly.
SEARCH -Press the SEARCH button to therecessed position.
Press b to go to the beginning of the next selection.
Press 4 and the tape will reverse to the beginning of the currentselection.
PROGRAM -To go from oneside of the tape to the other, press the
PWR-VOL-PROG-RCL knob.
STOP-EJECT -To remove the tape or stopthe tape and switch to radio,
press the STOP-EJECT button.
If “Cln” (Clean) appearson the display when you insert your cassette tape,
your cassette player needs to be cleaned. It will still playcassette tapes but it
should be cleanedto prevent damage to your cassette tapes and the cassette
tape player. See “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” later in this section.
After you have cleaned the cassette tape player, press and hold EJECT for 5
seconds to reset the the “Cln” indicator. The radio will display “- - -’, to
show the clean feature has been reset.
Your Delco system may be able to receive [email protected] stereo broadcasts.
Many AM stations around the country use [email protected] to produce stereo,
though some donot. [email protected] is a re istered trademark of Motorola Inc.
If your Delco system can get C-QUAM % signals, your STEREO light will
come on when you are receiving stereo.
3-12
How to OperateYour [email protected] Stereo Audio
Compact Disc(CD) System
This part tells you how your [email protected] stereo system works:
Upper Knob (PWR-VOL) - The upper knob has two functions:
Turn it to turn the system on and off when the ignition is on.
Turn it to control the volume. Volume will be displayed briefly unless
LefdRight speaker control, Rear/Front speaker control, BASS or TREB
are adjusted.
Left/Right Speaker Control - The control ring behind the upperknob
allows you to balance the sound between the left and rightspeakers.
Balance will be displayed briefly when using this control.
Lower Knob(TUNE-BAND) - The lower knob has two functions:
Turn it to tune in radio stations.
Press it to change between the AM and FM bands.
RearFront Speaker Control - The control ring behind the lower knob
fades the sound between your rear and front speakers. Fade levels will be
briefly displayed.
SEEK - Press the SEEK
higher station.
button to cause the receiver to seek the next
Press the 4 SEEK button to cause the receiver to seek the next lower
station.
SCAN - Press the SCAN button to hear each station for a few seconds.
Push it again when you reach the station you wantto listen to and the radio
will stop scanning. “SC” appears in the display.
3-13
Pushbuttons -The fivepushbuttons let you return to favorite stations.
They are also used when you play adisc. (See “To Play A Compact Disc”.)
To set the pushbuttons for up to ten favorite stations (5 AM and 5 FM):
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Push the SET button. “SET” is displayed briefly.
3 . Within 5 seconds, push one of the five pushbuttons to store the station.
Repeat
Whenever you press that button, the preset station will return.
the steps for each of the 5 AM and 5 FM stations.
MUTE - Press the MUTE button and all soundfrom the radio or CD
player stops. By pressing the button againsound will begin again.
RCL - Press the RCL button to change between the clock and the radio
station frequency displayed when the radio is on. RCL may be pressed when
the ignition is off to see the time.
v
A
BASS -Press the BASS to increase the bass tones and BASS to
decrease bass tones. Press the center of the control for a preset BASS
position. The bass level will bedisplayed briefly when using this control.
v
TREBLE - Press the TREB A to increase the treble tones and TREB to
decrease the treble tones. Press thecenter of the control for a preset TREB
position. The treble level will be displayed briefly when using this control.
To Play A Compact Disc (CD)
NOTICE:
DO NOT use mini-discs that are called singles. They won’t eject.
USE FULL-SIZE COMPACT DISCS. If the disc player
is very
a disc may come
hot, or if you’re driving on a very rough road,
out or just not play. If you see the word HOT on the display, the
disc player is too hot to play the disc. Press RCL to make the
word HOT go off the display. When things get back
to normal,
the disc should play again. Press
PWR to turn the system on.
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The player will pull it in.
Wait a few seconds and the disc should play.
If the disc comes back out, check to see if any of the followingare true:
0
The disc is upside down.
0
It is dirty, scratched, or wet.
0
Too much moisture is in the air. (If there is, waitabout one hour and try
again.)
3- 14
RCL - Press RCL to see what track is playing. Press it again within 5
seconds to see how long it has been playing. The track number also appears
when you change thevolume or when a new track starts to play.
COMP -Press the COMPbutton to make soft and loudpassages more
nearly equal in volume. “COMP’ will appear in the display while using this
control.
RDM -The RDM button means random and when it is pressed, it causes
the CD mechanism to play the tracks in a random order rather than in the
sequential 1,2, 3 order. “RDM” will appear in the display while using this
control. To return to normal sequence, press RDM again.
REV - Press and hold the REV button to quickly return to a favorite
passage. Release it to display the passage. The counter reading will be
displayed while using this control.
FWD - Press and hold the FWDbutton to advance quickly within a track.
Release it toresume playing. Watch the display to stop at a specific passage.
SCAN - Press SCAN to sample each track for approximately 10 seconds.
Scanning will continue until the RDM, SCAN or any other motion button is
pressed again.
PREV - Hold the PREV (4SEEK) button, or press it more than once, and
the disc will return to previous tracks.
NEXT - Press NEXT (SEEK) , to hear the next track now instead of
waiting until the present track is finished. If you hold this button or press it
more than once, the disc will advance further.
ST-PL - Press ST-PL (Stop-Play) to make the disc stop and the radio
play. Press ST-PL again to restart the disc at the point where it stopped.
Press PWR or turn the ignition key off to stop the disc player. The disc stays
in the player and will resume playing at the point whereit stopped.
Press EJCT to eject the disc and make the radio play. The disc will start at
track I when you reinsert it.
Anti-Theft Feature
Delco LOC [email protected] is an Anti-Theft feature for the compact disc player. It can
be used or ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally. Ifit is used, your
player won’t be usable if it is everstolen, because it won’t turn on.
The instructions below tell you how toenter a secret code into the system. If
your car loses battery power for any reason, you must unlock the system
with the secret code before the radio will turn on.
3-15
To Lock The System:
1. Write down any 6 digit number and keep it in a safe place.
2. Turn the ignition to the ACC (Accessory) or RUN position.
3. Press the PWR knob to turn the radio off.
4. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down until “- - -” shows
on the display.
You are now ready to enter your secret code. Don’t wait more than 15
seconds between steps.
5. Press SET and “000” will appear on the display.
6. Press the SEEK
or 4 button to make the first number appear.
7. Press SCAN to make the next two numbers agree with your code.
8. Press BAND and “000” will appear again. Now you are ready to enter
the last three digits of your code.
9. Repeat steps 6 and 7 for the last three digits of your code.
10. Press BAND and “rEP’ will appear for 5 seconds and then “OOO” will
appear.
11. Repeat steps 6 through 10. This time “SEC” will appear - indicating
that the radio is secure.
To Unlock The System After A Power
Loss
When battery power is reapplied to a secured radio, the radio won’t turn on
and “LOC” will appear on the display.
Enter your secret code as follows. Pause no more than 15 seconds between
steps.
1. Turn the ignition on. (Radio off.)
2. Press the SET button. The display will show “000”.
3. Enter the six digits of the code following steps 6-9 above. The display
will show the numbers as entered.
4. Press the BAND knob and the time appears - indicating that the
disabling sequence was successful. If the display indicates “SEC”, the
numbers did not match and the unit is still secured.
3-16
Disabling The Theft System
1. Press presets 1 and 4 for 5 seconds with ignition on and radio off. The
display will show “SEC”, indicating the unit is in the securemode.
2. Press the SETbutton. The displaywill show “000”.
digits of the code followingsteps 6 and 7 of the
3. Enter the first three
preceding paragraphs (To Lock the System). The display
will show the
numbers as entered.
4. Press the BAND knob. The radio
will display “OOO”.
5. Enter the secondthree digits of the code. The displaywill show the
numbers as entered.
6. Press the BANDknob. If the display shows“- - - ”, the disabling
sequence was successful. The numbersmatched the user-selected code
or the factoryback-up code, and theunit is in the UNSECURED
mode. If the display shows “SEC”, the disabling sequence
was
unsuccessful and the numbersdid not match either of the codesand the
unit will remain in the SECUREDmode.
Understanding Radio Reception
FM stereo will give you the bestsound. But FM signals will reach only
about 10to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). And, tall buildings orhills can interfere
with FM signals, causing thesound to comeand go.
The rangefor most AM stations is greaterthan for FM, especially at night.
The longer range,however, can cause stations to interfere with each other.
AM can pickup noise from things like storms
and power lines. Try reducing
the treble to reduce thisnoise if you ever get it.
AM Stereo means the [email protected] can receive [email protected]
broadcasts. Many AM stations around the count use [email protected] to
produce stereo, though some donot. (C-QUAM is a registered trademark
of Motorola, Inc.)If your [email protected] can [email protected],your
“STEREO” light will come onwhen you’re receivingit.
3
Be aware that hearing damage fromloud noise is almost undetectable until
it is too late.Your hearing can adaptto higher volumes of sound. Sound that
seems normal can be loud and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting thevolume control on your radio to a safe soundlevel before your
hearing adaptsto it.
To help avoid hearingloss or damage:
1. Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
2. Increase volume slowlyuntil you hear comfortablyand clearly.
3-17
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your vehicle
-like a
tape player,CB radio, mobile telephone or two-way radio
- be
sure you can add what you want.you
If can, it’s very important
to do it properly. Added sound equipment may interfere with the
operation of your vehicle’s engine, [email protected] radio or other
systems, and even damage them. And, your vehicle’s systems
may interfere with the operation of sound equipment that has
been added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with your dealer and
be sure to check Federal rules covering mobile radio and
telephone units.
Care of Your Cassette Playerand Tape
A tape player that is notcleaned regularly is subject to reduced sound
quality, ruining the cassette, or damaging the mechanism. Tapecassettes that
are not properly stored in their plasticcases away from contaminants, direct
sunlight, and extreme heat, may notoperate properly and could cause
premature failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned with every50 hours of use to provide
optimum performance. Your radio may display “Cln” (Clean)to indicate
that you have used your tape playerfor 50 hours without re-setting the tape
clean timer. If you notice a reduction in sound quality, regardless of when
the tape player was last cleaned, try playing a different cassetteto see if the
tape or tape player is at fault. If the second cassette results in no
improvement in sound quality, try cleaning the tape player.
Proper tape player cleaning should be done with a scrubbingaction,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette. This is a wet-type cleaning system that uses
a cleaning cassette with pads whichscrub the tape head as the hubs ofthe
cleaner cassette turn. To properly clean your tape player, followinstructions
with the cleaning cassette. If you use this type of cleaner,the radio may
display an error and eject the cartridge. This is normal and is the result of
an
added feature in the tape player thatdetects broken tapes. If anerror occurs,
you will needto insert the cleaning cassette at least 3 times to thoroughly
clean the tape player.
You may prefer to use a non-scrubbing action, wet-type cleaner. This type
of cleaner uses a fabric beltto clean the tape head.This type of cleaner
cassette will not cause an error, butit may not clean the tape player as
thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
3-18
A scrubbing action cleaner cassette is available through your retailer (SPO
12344600).
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may degrade over time.
Always verify that the cassette tape is in good condition and the tape player
is clean before obtaining service on your tape player.
NOTICE:
Cassette tape adapter kits for portable
CD players will not work
in your cassette player. These adapters will cause the radio
to
display an error and the adapter cassette will be ejected.
Care of Compact Discs
Handle discs' carefully. Store them in their original cases or otherprotective
cases and away from directsunlight and dust. If the surface of a disc is
soiled, dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from the center tothe edge.
Antenna Care
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes without being
damaged. If the mast should ever become slightly bent, you can straighten it
out by hand. If the mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals, you should
replace it.
Check every once in a while to be sure the mast is still tightened to the
fender.
3-19
Notes
3-20
I
Your Driving and the Road
Section
1
Here you’llfind information about drivingon different kinds of roads and in
varying weather conditions. We’ve also included many other useful tips on
driving.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can
give about drivingis: Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device inyour vehicle: Buckle up.
(See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
Defensive drivingreally means “be ready foranything.” On city streets,
rural roads, or freeways,it means “always expectthe unexpected.”
4-1
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be careless and make
mistakes. Anticipate what they mightdo. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of accidents.Yet they
are common. Allow enough following distance. It’s the best defensive
driving maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never know whenthe
vehicle in front of you isgoing to brake or turn suddenly.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated withdrinking and driving is a national tragedy.
It’s the number one contributor to the highway death toll, claiming
thousands of victims every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a vehicle:
Judgment
0
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness
Police records show that almost half of all motor vehicle-related deaths
involve alcohol. In most cases, these deaths are the result of someone who
was drinking and driving. In recent years, some 18,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with theuse of alcohol, with
more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -by some estimates, nearly half theadult population choose never to drink alcohol, so they never drive after drinking. For
persons under 21, it’s against the law in everyU.S. state to drink alcohol.
There aregood medical, psychological anddevelopmental reasons for these
laws.
The obvious way to solve this highway safety problem is forpeople never to
drink alcohol and then drive. But whatif people do? How much is“too
much” if the driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many might think.
Although it depends on each person and situation, here is some general
information on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone who is drinking
depends upon four things:
0
How much alcohol consumed
The drinker’s body weight
The amount of food that is consumed before and during drinking
The length of time it’s taken the drinker to consume the alcohol
4-2
According to the American Medical Association, a180-pound (82 kg)
person who drinks three 12-ounce (355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will
end up with a BACof about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the same
BAC by drinking three4-ounce (120 ml) glasses of wine or three mixed
drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of a liquorlike whiskey, gin or
vodka.
J
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if the same person
drank three double martinis(3 ounces or90 ml of liquor each)within an
hour, the person’s BAC would be closeto 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking
will have asomewhat lower
BAC level.
There is a genderdifference, too. Women generally have alower relative
percentage of body water than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water,
this means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same number of drinks.
The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC of 0.10 percent. In
a growing number of U.S. states, and throughout Canada, thelimit is 0.08
percent. In some other countriesit’s even lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial drivers in the U.S. is 0.04 percent.
The BACwill be over 0.10 percentafter three to six drinks (in one hour). Of
course, as we’ve seen, it dependson how much alcohol isin the drinks, and
how quickly theperson drinks them.
But the ability to drive is affected wellbelow a BAC of 0.10 percent.
Research shows that the drivingskills of many people are impaired at a
BAC approaching0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent. Statistics show that
the chance of being in acollision increases sharply for drivers who have a
BAC of 0.05 percent or above, A driver
with a BAC level of 0.06 percent
has doubled his or her chance of having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10
percent, the chanceof this driver having acollision is twelve timesgreater;
at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance istwenty-five times greater!
4-3
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol in onedrink. No
amount of coffee or number of cold showers will speed that up. “I’ll be
careful” isn’t the right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need
to take
sudden action, as when a child darts into the street? A person with even a
moderate BAC might not be able to react quickly enough to avoid the
collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that many peopledon’t
know. Medical research shows that alcohol in a person’s systemcan make
crash injuries worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cordor heart.
This means that when anyone who has been drinking - driver or passenger
- is in a crash, that person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
Control of a Vehicle
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where you want it to go.
They are the brakes, the steering and the accelerator.All three systems have
to do their work at the places where the tires meet the road.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s easy to askmore of
those control systems than the tires and road can provide. That means you
can lose control of your vehicle.
4-4
Braking
Braking action involvesperception time and reaction time.
First, you have to decide topush on the brake pedal. That’s perception time.
Then you have to bring upyour foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about3/4 of a second.But that’s only an average. It
might be less with one driverand as long as two or three seconds more
or
with another. Age, physical condition,alertness, coordination, and eyesight
all play a part. So do alcohol, drugsand frustration. But even in 3/4 of a
second, avehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That
could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so keeping enough space
between your vehicleand others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distancesvary greatly with the surfaceof the
road (whether it’s pavement orgravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry,
icy); tire tread; and the conditionof your brakes.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Somepeople drive in spurts - heavy
acceleration followedby heavy braking -rather than keeping pace with
traffic. This is a mistake.Your brakes may not have timeto cool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear outmuch faster if you do a lotof heavy
braking. If you keep pacewith the traffic and allow realistic following
distances, you will eliminate alot of unnecessary braking. That means better
braking and longerbrake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re
driving, brake normally but don’t
pump your brakes. If you do, thepedal may get harderto push down. If
your engine stops, you will still have somepower brake assist. But you will
use it when youbrake. Once thepower assist is used up, it may take longer
to stop and the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your vehicle hasan advanced electronic braking system that can help you
keep it undercontrol.
If your vehicle has an anti-lock brake system warning light on the
instrument panel, ithas four-wheel anti-lock brakes. Otherwise, ithas
rear-wheel anti-lock brakes. When you start a vehiclethat has four-wheel
anti-lock brakes and begin to drive away, you may hear a momentary motor
or clickingnoise. This is theABS system testing itself.
4-5
Here's how anti-lock works. Let's say the road is wet. You're driving safely.
Suddenly an animal jumps out in front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here's what happens with ABS.
A computer senses that wheels are slowingdown. With four-wheel
anti-lock: If one of the wheelsis about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes ateach front wheel and atthe rear wheels. The
four-wheel anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster thanany
driver could. With rear-wheel anti-lock: If one of the rear wheels isabout
to stop rolling, the computer will work the brakes at the rear wheels.The
computer is programmed to make the most of available tire and road
conditions.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on wheel speed and
controls braking pressure accordingly.
Remember: Anti-lock doesn't change the time you need to get your foot up
to the brake pedal. If you get too close to the vehicle in front of you, you
won't have time to apply your brakesif that vehicle suddenly slowsor
stops. Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
4-6
To Use Four-wheel Anii-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down and let anti-lock
work for you. You may feel the brakes vibrate, or you may notice some
noise, but this is normal.
On vehicles with four-wheel drive, your anti-lock brakes work at all
times - whether you are in two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive.
To Use Rear- Wheel Anii-Lock
Use rear-wheel anti-lock like regular brakes. You may feel the brakes
vibrate, or you may notice some noise outside your vehicle, but this is
normal. Let anti-lock work for you, but remember: Your front wheels can
still stop rolling. If that happens, release enough pressure on the brakes to
get the wheels rolling again so that you can steer.
Braking in Emergencies
At some time, nearly every driver gets ainto
situation that requires hard braking
The four-wheel anti-lock system lets you steer and brake at the same time.
If you have the rear-wheel anti-lock braking system, your front wheels can
stop rolling when you brake very hard.Once they do, the vehicle can’t
respond to your steering. Momentum will carry it in whatever direction it
was headed when thefront wheels stopped rolling. That could be off the
road, into the very thing you were trying to avoid, or into traffic.
So, unless you have four-wheel anti-lock, use a “squeeze” braking
technique. This will give you maximum braking while maintaining steering
control. You do this by pushing on the brake pedal with steadily increasing
pressure. When you do, it will help maintain steering control. In many
emergencies, steering can help you more than even the very best braking.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine stops or the system is
not functioning, you can steer but it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on the news happen
on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to the same laws of
physics when driving on curves. The traction of the tires against the road
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surface makes it possible for the vehicle to change its path when you ,turn
the front wheels. If there’sno traction, inertia will keep the vehicle going in
the same direction. If you’ve ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll
understand this.
The traction you canget in a curve depends on the condition of your tires
and the road surface, the angle at which thecurve is banked, and your
speed. While you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then you suddenly apply
the brakes. Both control systems - steering and braking- have to do their
work where the tires meet the road. Unless you have four-wheel anti-lock
brakes, adding the hard braking candemand too much of those places. You
can lose control.
The samething can happen if you’re steering through a sharp curve and you
suddenly accelerate. Those two control systems - steering and acceleration
- can overwhelm those places where the tires meet the road
and make you
lose control.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the brakeor
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it to go, and slow
down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you shouldadjust your speed. Of
course, the posted speeds are based on good weather and roadconditions.
Under less favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach acurve, do it before you
enter the curve, while your front wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through thecurve. Maintain a
reasonable, steady speed. Wait to accelerate until you are out of the curve,
and then accelerate gentlyinto the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There aretimes when steering can be more effective than braking. For
example, you come over a hill and find a truck stopped in your lane,
or a car
suddenly pulls out fromnowhere, or a child darts out from between parked
cars and stops right in frontof you. You can avoid these problems by
braking - if you can stop in time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t
room. That’s the time for evasive action - steering around theproblem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencieslike these. First apply
your brakes -but, unless youhave four-wheel anti-lock, not enough to
lock your front wheels. It is better to remove as much speed as you can from
a possible collision. Then steer around the problem,to the left or right
depending on the space available.
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An emergency like this requires closeattention and a quickdecision. If you
are holding the steering wheel at the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock
positions, you can turnit a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and just asquickly
straighten the wheel once you have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always possible is a good
reason
to practice defensive drivingat all timesand wear safety belts properly.
Off-Road Recovery
You may find sometimethat your right wheels have dropped off the edgeof
a road onto the shoulder
while you’re driving.
If the level of the shoulderis only slightly below the pavement, recovery
should be fairly easy. Ease off the accelerator and then, if there is nothing in
the way, steer so that your vehicle straddles the edgeof the pavement. You
can turn the steering wheel up to 114 turn until the right front tire contacts
the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel to gostraight down the
roadway.
1. Edge of Road
Surface
2. Slow Down
3. Left Approx.
Quarter Turn
4. Recover
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Passing
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a two-lane highway waits
for justthe right moment, accelerates, moves aroundthe vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane highway is a
potentially dangerous move, since the passing vehicle occupies the same
lane as oncoming traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly put the
passing driver face to face with the worst of all traffic accidents - the
head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
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“Drive ahead.” Look down the road,to the sides, and to crossroads for
situations that might affect your passing patterns.If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
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Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings, andlines. If you can see a
sign up ahead that might indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your
pass. A broken center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear).Never cross a solid line on your
side of the lane or a double solid line, even if the road seems empty of
approaching traffic.
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Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass whileyou’re
awaiting an opportunity. For one thing, following too closely reduces
your area of vision, especially if you’re following a larger vehicle.
Also, you won’t have adequate space if the vehicle ahead suddenly
slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable distance.
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When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up, start to accelerate but
stay in the right lane and don’tget too close. Time your move so you
will be increasing speed asthe time comes to move into the other lane.
If the way is clear to pass, you will have a “running start” that more
than makes up for the distance you would lose by dropping back. And
if something happens to cause you to cancel your pass, you need only
slow down anddrop back again and waitfor another opportunity.
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If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait your turn.But
take care that someone isn’t trying to pass you as you pull out to pass
the slow vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
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Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and start your leftlane
change signal before moving out of the right laneto pass. When you
are far enough ahead of the passed vehicle tosee its front in your inside
mirror, activate your right lane change signal and move backinto the
right lane. (Remember that your right outside mirror is convex. The
vehicle you just passed may seem to be farther away from you than it
really is.)
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Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on two-lane roads.
Reconsider before passing the next vehicle.
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Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly. Even though the
brake lamps are not flashing, it may be slowing down or starting to
turn.
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If you’re being passed, make it easy for the following driver to get
ahead of you. Perhaps you can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what happens when the three
control systems (brakes, steering and acceleration) don’t have enough
friction where the tires meetthe road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer and constantly seek an
escape route or area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle. Defensive drivers avoid
most skids by taking reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and by
not “overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s three control systems.
In the braking skid your wheels aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering
skid, too much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose
cornering force. And in the acceleration skid too much throttle causes the
driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid and an acceleration skid are best handled by easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the accelerator pedal and
quickly steer the way you want the vehicle to go. If you start steering
quickly enough, your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,gravel, or other
material is on the road.For safety, you’ll want to slow down and adjust your
driving to these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and vehicle control more
limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try your best to avoid
sudden steering, acceleration, or braking (including engine braking by
shifting to a lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide.
You may not realize the surface is slippery until your vehicle is skidding.
Learn to recognize warning clues - such as enough water, ice or packed
snow on the roadto make a “mirrored surface” - and slow down when you
have any doubt.
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Remember: If youhave the four-wheel anti-lock braking system, it helps
avoid only the braking skid. The rear-wheel anti-lock braking system helps
avoid only a rear braking skid. In a braking skid (wherethe front wheels are
no longer rolling), release enough pressure on the brakes to get the front
wheels rolling again. This restores steering control. Push the brake pedal
down steadily when you haveto stop suddenly. As long as the front wheels
are rolling, you will have steering control.
Driving Guidelines
OR-Road Driving with YourFour-wheel Drive
Vehicle
This off-road guide is forvehicles that have four-wheel drive.
Also, see “Anti-Lock Brakes” in the Index.
If your vehicle doesn’t have four-wheel drive, you shouldn’t drive off-road
unless you’re on a level, solid surface.
Off-road driving can be greatfun. But it does have some definite hazards.
The greatest of these is the terrain itself.
“Off-roading” means you’ve left the great North American road system
behind. Traffic lanes aren’t marked. Curves aren’t banked. There are no
road signs. Surfaces can be slippery, rough, uphill or downhill. In short,
you’ve gone right back to nature.
Off-road driving involves some new skills. And that’s why it’s very
important that you read this guide. You’ll find many driving tips and
suggestions. These will help make your off-road driving safer and more
enjoyable.
Before You Go Off-Roading
There are somethings to do before you go out. For example, be sure to have
all necessary maintenance and service work done. Check to make sure all
underbody shields (if so equipped) are properly attached. Be sure you read
all the information about your four-wheel drive vehicle in this manual. Is
there enough fuel?Is the spare tire fully inflated? Are the fluid levels up
where they should be? What are thelocal laws that apply to off-roading
where you’ll be driving? If you don’t know, you should check withlaw
enforcement people in the area. Will yoube on someone’s private land? If
so, be sure to get the necessary permission.
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Loading Your Vehicle for Off-Road Driving
There are some important things to remember about how to load your
vehicle.
The heaviest things should be on the load floor and forward of your
rear axle. Put heavier items as farforward as you can.
Be sure the load is secured properly, so driving on the off-road terrain
doesn’t toss things around.
You’ll find other important information in this manual. See “Vehicle
Loading,” “Luggage Carrier’’ and “Tires” in theIndex.
Traveling to Remote Areas
It makes sense to plan your trip, especially when going to a remote area.
Know the terrain and plan your route. You are much less likely to get bad
surprises. Get accurate maps of trails and terrain. Tryto learn of any
blocked or closed roads.
It’s also a good idea to travel with at least one other vehicle. If something
happens to oneof them, the other can help quickly.
Does your vehicle have a winch? If so, be sure to read the winch
instructions. In a remote area, a winch can behandy if you get stuck. But
you’ll want to know how to use it properly.
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Getting Familiar withOff-Road Driving
It’s a good idea to practice in an area that’s safe and close to home before
you go into the wilderness. Off-road driving does require some new and
different driving skills. Here’s what wemean.
Tune your senses to different kinds of signals. Your eyes, for example, need
to constantly sweep the terrain for unexpected obstacles. Your ears need to
listen for unusual tire or engine sounds.With your arms, hands, feet, and
body you’ll need to respond to vibrations and vehicle bounce.
Controlling your vehicle is the key to successful off-road driving. One of
the best ways to control your vehicle is to control your speed. Here are some
things to keep in mind. At higher speeds:
you approach things faster and you have less time to scan the terrain for
obstacles.
you have less time to react.
you have more vehicle bounce when you drive over obstacles.
you’ll need more distance forbraking, especially since you’re on an
unpaved surface.
Scanning the Terrain
Off-road driving can take you over many different kinds of terrain. You
need to be familiar with the terrain and its manydifferent features. Here are
some thingsto consider.
Sugace Conditions. Off-roading can take you over hard-packed dirt,
gravel, rocks, grass, sand, mud, snow or ice. Each of these surfaces affects
the steering, acceleration, and braking of your vehicle in different ways.
Depending upon the kind of surface you are on, you may experience
slipping, sliding, wheel spinning, delayed acceleration, poor traction, and
longer braking distances.
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Sur$ace Obstacles. Unseen or hidden obstacles can be hazardous. A rock,
log, hole, rut, or bump can startle you if you’re not prepared for them. Often
these obstacles are hidden by grass, bushes, snow or even the rise and fall of
the terrain itself. Here are somethings to consider:
Is the path ahead clear?
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Will the surface texture change abruptly up ahead?
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Does the travel take you uphill or downhill? (There’s more discussion
of these subjects later.)
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Will you have to stopsuddenly or change direction quickly?
When you drive overobstacles or rough terrain, keep a firm grip on the
steering wheel. Ruts, troughs, or other surface features can jerk the wheel
out of your hands if you’re not prepared.
When you drive overbumps, rocks, or other obstacles, your wheels can
leave the ground. If this happens, even with one or two wheels, you can’t
control the vehicle as well or at all.
Because you will beon an unpaved surface, it’s especially important to
avoid sudden acceleration, sudden turns, or sudden braking.
In a way, off-road driving requires a different kind of alertness from driving
on paved roads and highways. There areno road signs, posted speed limits
or signal lights. You have to use your own good judgment about what is safe
and what isn’t.
Drinking and driving can be very dangerous on any road. And this is
certainly true for off-road driving. At the very time you need special
alertness and driving skills, your reflexes, perceptions and judgment can be
affected by even a small amount of alcohol. You could have a serious - or
even fatal - accident if you drink and drive or ride with a driver who has
been drinking. (See “Drunken Driving” in the Index.)
Driving On Off-Road Hills
Off-road driving often takes you up, down, or across a hill. Driving safely
on hills requires good judgment and an understanding of what your vehicle
can and can’t do. Thereare some hills that simply can’t be driven, no matter
how well built the vehicle.
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Approaching a Hill
When you approach ahill, you need todecide if it’s one of those hills that’s
just too steepto climb, descend, orcross. Steepness can be hard to judge.
On a very small hill, for example,there may be a smooth,constant incline
with only a small change in elevation where you can easily see all the way
to the top. On a large hill, the incline may get steeper as you near the top,
but you may not see this because the crest of the hill is hidden by bushes,
grass, or shrubs.
Here are some other things to consider as you approach a hill.
Is there a constantincline, or does the hill get sharply steeper in places?
Is there good traction on the hillside, or will the surface causetire
slipping?
Is there a straight path up or down the hill so you won’t have to make
turning maneuvers?
Are there obstructions on the hill that can block your path (boulders,
trees, logs orruts)?
What’s beyond the hill? Is there a cliff, an embankment, a drop-off, a
fence? Get outand walk the hill if you don’t know. It’s the smart way
to find out.
Is the hill simply too rough? Steephills often have ruts, gullies, troughs
and exposed rocks because they are more susceptible to the effects of
erosion.
Driving Uphill
Once you decide you can safely drive up the hill, you need to take some
special steps.
Use a low gear and get a firmgrip on the steering wheel.
Get a smooth start up the hill and try to maintain your speed. Don’t use
more power than you need, because you don’t wantyour wheels to start
spinning orsliding.
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Try to drive straight up the hill if at all possible. If the path twists and
turns, you might want to find another route.
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Ease up on your speed as you approach the top of the hill.
Attach a flag to the vehicle to make you more visible to approaching
traffic on trails or hills.
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Sound the horn as you approach the top of the hill to let opposing
traffic know you’re there.
Use your headlights even during the day. They make you more visible
to oncoming traffic.
Q: What should I do if my vehicle stalls,or is aboutto stall,
andI
can’t make it up the hill?
A:
If this happens, there are somethings you should do, and there are
some things you must not do.First, here’s what you should do:
Push the brake pedal to stop the vehicle and keep it fromrolling
backwards. Also, apply the parking brake.
If your engine is still running, shift the transmission into reverse,
release the parking brake, and slowly back down the hill in reverse.
If your engine has stopped running, you’ll need to restart it. With the
brake pedal depressed and the parking brake still applied, shift the
transmission to PARK (P) (or, shift to NEUTRAL (N) if your vehicle
has a manual transmission) and restart the engine. Then, shift to
reverse, release the parking brake, and slowly back down thehill as
straight as possible in reverse.
As you are backing down the hill, put your left hand on the steering
wheel at the 12 o’clock position. This way, you’ll be able to tell if your
wheels are straight and maneuver as you back down. It’s best that you
back down the hill with your wheels straight rather than in the left or
right direction. Turning the wheel too far to the left or right will
increase the possibility of a rollover.
Here are somethings you must not do if you stall, or areabout to stall,
when going up a hill.
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Never attempt to prevent a stall by shifting into NEUTRAL (N) (or
depressing the clutch, if you have a manual transmission) to “rev-up”
the engine and regain forward momentum. This won’t work. Your
vehicle will roll backwards very quickly andyou could go out of
control.
Instead, apply the regular brake to stop the vehicle. Then apply the parking
brake. Shift into reverse, release the parking brake, and slowly back straight
down.
Never attempt to turn around if you are about to stall when going up a
hill. If the hill is steep enough to stall your vehicle, it’ssteep enough to
cause you to roll over if you turn around. If you can’t make it up the
hill, you must back straight down the hill.
Q: Suppose, after stalling,I try to back down the hill and decideI just
can’t doit. What shouldI do?
A:
Set the parking brake, put your transmission in PARK (P) (or the
manual transmission in first gear), and turn off
the engine. Leave the
vehicle and go get some help. Exit on the uphill side and stayclear of
the path the vehicle would takeif it rolled downhill. Do not shift the
transfer case to NEUTRAL (N) when you leave the vehicle. Leave it in
some gear.
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Driving Downhill
When off-roading takes you downhill, you’ll want to consider a number of
things:
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How steep is the downhill? Will I be able to maintain vehicle control?
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What’s the surface like? Smooth? Rough? Slippery? Hard-packed dirt?
Gravel?
Are there hidden surface obstacles? Ruts? Logs? Boulders?
What’s at the bottom of the hill? Is there a hidden creek bank or even a
river bottom with large rocks?
If you decide you can go down a hill safely, then try tokeep your vehicle
headed straight down, and use a low gear. This way, engine drag can help
your brakes and they won’t haveto do all the work. Descend slowly,
keeping your vehicle under control at all times.
Q: Are there some things I should not do when driving downa hill?
A: Yes! These are important because if you ignore them you could lose
control and have a serious accident.
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When driving downhill, avoid turns that take you across the incline of
the hill. A hill that’s not too steep to drive down may be too steep to
drive across. You could roll over if you don’t drive straight down.
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Never go downhill with the transmission in NEUTRAL (N), or with
the clutch pedal depressed in a manual shift. This is called
“free-wheeling.” Your brakes will have to do all the work andcould
overheat and fade.
Unless you have four-wheel anti-lock: Avoid braking so hard that you
lock the front wheels when going downhill. If your front wheels are
locked, you can’t steer your vehicle. If your wheels lock up during
downhill braking, you may feel the vehicle starting to slide sideways.
To regain your direction, just ease off the brakes and steer to keep the
front of the vehicle pointing straight downhill.
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Q: Am I likely to stall whengoing downhill?
A: It’s much more likely to happen going uphill. But if it happens going
downhill, here’s what to do.
Stop your vehicle by applying the regular brakes. Apply the parking
brake.
Shift to PARK (P) (or to Neutral with the manual transmission) and,
while still braking,restart the engine.
Shift back to a low gear, release the parking brake, and drive straight
down.
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If the enginewon’t start, get out and get help.
Driving Acrossan lncline
Sooner orlater, an off-road trail will probably go across the incline of a hill.
If this happens, you have to decide whether to try to drive across theincline.
Here are somethings to consider:
A hill that can be driven straight up or down may betoo steep to drive
across. When you go straight up or down a hill, the length of the wheel
base (the distance from thefront wheels to therear wheels) reduces the
likelihood thevehicle will tumble end over end. But when you drive
across an incline, the much more narrow track width (the distance
between the left and right wheels) may not prevent the vehicle from
tilting and rolling over. Also, driving acrossan incline puts more
weight on the downhillwheels. This could cause a downhillslide or a
rollover.
Surface conditions canbe a problem when you drive across a hill.
Loose gravel, muddy spots, or even wet grass can cause your tires to
slip sideways, downhill.If the vehicle slips sideways, it can hit
something that will trip it (a rock, a rut, etc.) and roll over.
Hidden obstacles can make the steepnessof the incline even worse. If
you drive across a rock with the uphill wheels, or if the downhill
wheels drop into a rut or depression,your vehicle can tilt even more.
For reasons like these, you need todecide carefully whether to try to drive
across an incline. Just because the trail goes acrossthe incline doesn’t mean
you have to drive it. The last vehicle to try it might have rolled over.
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Q: What if I’m driving across an incline that’s not too steep, but
I hit
some loose gravel and start to slide downhill. What should
I do?
A:
If you feel your vehicle starting to slide sideways, turn downhill. This
should help straighten out the vehicle and prevent the side slipping.
However, a much better way to prevent this is toget out and “walk the
course” so you know what the surface is like before you drive it.
Stalling on an Incline
If your vehicle stalls when you’re crossing an incline, be sure you (and your
passengers) get out on the uphill side, even if the door there is harder to
open. If you get out on the downhill side and the vehicle starts to roll over,
you’ll be right in its path.
If you have to walk down the slope, stay out of the path the vehicle will take
if it does roll over.
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Driving In Mud, Sand, Snow, Or Ice
When you drive in mud, snow or sand, your wheels won’t get goodtraction.
You can’t accelerate as quickly, turningis more difficult, and you’ll need
longer braking distances.
It’s best to use a low gear when you’re in mud- the deeper the mud, the
lower the gear. In really deep mud, the ideais to keep your vehiclemoving
so you don’t get stuck.
When you drive 6fi S a d , you’ll sense a change in wheel traction.But it will
depend upon how loosely packed thesand is. On loosely packed sand (as on
beaches or sand dunes) your tires will tend to sink into the sand. This has an
effect on steering, accelerating, and braking. You may want to reduce the air
pressure in your tires slightly whendriving on sand. This will improve
traction.
Hard packed snow and ice offer the worsttire traction. On these surfaces.
it’s very easy tolose control. On wet ice, for example, the traction is so poor
that you will have difficulty accelerating. And if you do get moving, poor
steering and difficult braking can cause you to slide out of control.
Driving In Water
Light rain causes no special off-road driving problems. But heavy raincan
mean flash flooding, and flood waters demand extreme caution.
Find out how deep the water is beforeyou drive through it. If it’s deep
enough to cover your wheel hubs, axles,or exhaust pipe, don’t tryit - you
probably won’t get through. Also, water that deep can damage your axle and
other vehicle parts.
If the water isn’t too deep, then drive through it slowly. At fwt speeds, water
splashes on your ignition system and your vehicle canstall. Stalling can also
occur if youget your tailpipe under water. And, as long as your tailpipe is
under water, you’ll never be ableto start your engine. When you go through
water, remember that when your brakes get wet, it may take you longer to
stop.
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Driving through rushing water can be dangerous. Deep water
can sweep your vehicle downstream and you and your
passengers could drown. If it’s only inches deep, it can still
wash
away the groundfrom under your tires, and you could lose
traction and roll the vehicle over. Ron’t drive through rushing
water.
After Off-Road Driving
Remove any brush or debris that has collected on the underbody, chassis or
under the hood. These accumulations can bea fire hazard.
After operation in mud or sand, have the brake linings cleaned and checked.
These substances can cause glazing and uneven braking. Check the body
structure, steering, suspension, wheels, tires, and exhaust system for
damage. Also, check the fuel lines and cooling system for any leakage.
Your vehicle will require more frequent service due to off-road use. Refer
to the Maintenance Schedule foradditional information.
Driving at Night
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One reason is that some
drivers are likely to be impaired - by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
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Here are some tips on night driving.
Drive defensively.
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Don’t drink and drive.
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the glare from headlights
behind you.
Since you can’t see as well, you may need to slow down and keep more
space between you and other vehicles.
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your headlights can light
up only so much road ahead.
In remote areas, watch for animals.
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If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place and rest.
Night Vision
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as we get older these
differences increase. A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as
much light to seethe same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night vision. For example,
if you spend the day in bright sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses.
Your eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re driving,
don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down on glare from
headlights, but they also make a lot of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching lights. It can take a second
or two, or even several seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When
you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who doesn’t lower the high
beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlights), slow down a little. Avoid
staring directly into the approaching lights.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle clean - inside and
out. Glare atnight is made much worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside
of the glass can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes lights
dazzle and flash more than clean glass would, making the pupils of your
eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlights light up far less of a roadway when you are
in a turn or curve. Keep your eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out
dimly lighted objects. Just as your headlights should be checked regularly
for proper aim, so should your eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers
suffer from night blindness - the inability to see in dim light - and aren’t
even aware of it,
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Driving inthe Rain
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet road you can’tstop,
accelerate or turn as well because your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as
on dry roads. And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even
less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be cautious if rain starts to
fall while you are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when your
reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your windshield wiper
blades are in good shape, a heavy rain can make it harder to see road signs
and traffic signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road, and even
people walking.
It’s wise tokeep your wiping equipment in good shape and keep your
windshield washer tank filled. Replace your windshield wiper inserts when
they show signs of streaking or missing areas on the windshield, or when
strips of rubber start to separate from the inserts.
I
I
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even going throughsome
car washes can cause problems, too. The water may affect your brakes. Try
to avoid puddles. But if you can’t, try to slow down beforeyou hit them.
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Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up underyour tires
that they can actually ride on the water.This can happen if the road is wet
enough and you’re going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning, it
has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. Butit can if your tires haven’tmuch
tread or if the pressure inone ormore is low. Itcan happen if a lot of water
is standing on the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles, or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the water’s surface, there
could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higherspeeds. There just isn’t a hard and
fast rule about hydroplaning. The best advice is to slow down when it is
raining.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
Turn on your low-beam headlights - not just your parking lights - to
help make you more visibleto others.
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following distance. And be
especially careful when you passanother vehicle. Allow yourselfmore
clear room ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted by road
spray.
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See “Tires” in the Index.)
4-26
City Driving
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the amount of traffic on
them. You’ll want to watch out forwhat the other drivers are doing and pay
attention to traffic signals.
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
Know the best way to get to where you are going. Get a city map and
plan your trip into an unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
0
Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most large cities. You’ll
save time and energy. (See the next part, “Freeway Driving.”)
0
Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic light is there because
the corner is busy enough toneed it. When a light turns green, and just
before you start to move, check both ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running the red light.
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Freeway Driving
Mile formile, freeways (alsocalled thruways, parkways, expressways,
turnpikes, or superhighways)are the safest of all roads. But they have their
own special rules.
The most important adviceon freeway driving is: Keep up with traffic and
keep to the right. Drive at the same speed most of the other drivers are
driving. Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left laneon a freewayas a passing lane.
At the entrancethere is usually a rampthat leads to the freeway. If you have
a clear view of the freeway as you drive along the entrance ramp,you
should begin to checktraffic. Try to determine where you expect to blend
with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to the prevailing speed.
Switch on your turn signal, check your mirrors and glance over your
shoulder asoften as necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the posted limit or to the
prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changinglanes, check your mirrors. Then use your turnsignal.
Just before you leave the lane, glancequickly over your shoulder to make
sure thereisn’t another vehicle in your ‘.‘blind” spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you allow a reasonable
following distance. Expect to move slightly slower at night.
When you wantto leave thefreeway, move to the proper lanewell in
advance. If you miss your exit do not, under any circumstances, stopand
back up. Drive on to the next exit.
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The exitramp can be curved, sometimesquite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not to your sense of
motion. After driving forany distance at higher speeds,you may tend to
think you are going slowerthan you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be wellrested. If you must start when you’re
not fresh - such asafter a day’s work - don’t plan to make too many
miles that first part of the journey.Wear comfortable clothing and shoes
you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for along trip? If you keep it servicedand maintained,
it’s ready to go. If it needs service, have it done beforestarting out. Of
course, you’ll find experienced and able service experts in GM dealerships
all across North America. They’ll be ready and willing to help if you need
it.
Here are some thingsyou can checkbefore a trip:
Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are all windows clean
inside and outside?
Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked all levels?
Lights: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
0
Tires: They are vitally important to a safe, trouble-free trip. Is the tread
good enough for long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook along your route?
Should you delay your trip a short time to avoid a major storm system?
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually such a condition as
“highway hypnosis”? Or is it justplain
falling asleep at thewheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lackof awareness, or
whatever.
There is something aboutan easy stretch of road with the same scenery,
along with the hum of the tires on the road, the drone of the engine,and the
rush of the wind against thevehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let it
happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the road
in less thana
second, and you could crashand be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be aware that it can
happen.
4-29
Then here are some tips:
Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a comfortably cool
interior.
0
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to the sides. Check
your mirrors and your instruments frequently.
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service,or parking area
and take a nap, get some exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness
on the highway as an emergency.
Hill and Mountain Roads
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from driving in flat or
rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re planningto visit there,
here are sometips that can make your trips safer and more enjoyable. (See
“Off-Road Driving” in the Index for information about driving off-road.)
0
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid levels and also the
brakes, tires, cooling system and transmission. These parts can work
hard on mountain roads.
0
Know how to godown hills. -Themost important thing to know is this:
let your engine do some of the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear
when you go down a steep or long hill.
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Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down to a lowergear.
The lower gears help coolyour engine and transmission, and you can
climb the hill better.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane roads in hills or
mountains. Don’t swing wideor cut across the centerof the road. Drive
at speeds that let you stay in your own lane.
0
As you go over the topof a hill, be alert. There could be somethingin
your lane, like a stalled car oran accident.
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of special
problems. Examplesare long grades, passingor no-passing zones, a
falling rocks area, orwinding roads. Be alert to these and take
appropriate action.
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
Have your vehicle in good shape for winter. Be sure your engine
coolant mix is correct.
You may want to put winter emergency supplies in your vehicle.
4-31
Include anice scraper, a smallbrush or broom, a supply of windshield
washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight,
a red cloth, and a couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will be
driving under severe conditions, include asmall bag of sand, a pieceof old
carpet or a couple of burlap bags to help provide traction. Be sure you
properly secure these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the road probably have
good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and the road, you can
have avery slippery situation. You’ll have a lot less traction or “grip”and
will need to be very careful.
What’s the worst time for this?“Wet ice.” Very cold snow or ice canbe
slick and hard to drive on. But wet ice can be even more trouble because it
may offer the least traction of all. You can get “wet ice” when it’s about
freezing (32O F ; O O C ) and freezing rain begins to fall. Try to avoid driving
on wet ice until salt and sand crews can get there.
Whatever the condition - smooth ice, packed, blowing or loosesnow drive with caution.
Accelerate gently. Try not tobreak the fragile traction. If you accelerate too
fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface under the tires even
more.
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Your anti-lock brakes improve your ability to make a hard stop on a
slippery road. Even though you have
an anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than
you would on dry pavement.See
“Anti-Lock” in the Index.
Allow greater following distance on any slippery road.
Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine until you hit a spot
that’s covered with ice. On an otherwise clear road, ice patches may
appear in shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around clumps of
the surface of a
trees, behind buildings, or under bridges. Sometimes
curve or an overpass may remain icy when the surrounding roads are
clear. If you seea patch of ice aheadof you, brake before you are onit,
Try not to brake while you’re actually on the ice, and avoid sudden
steering maneuvers.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a serious situation. You
should probably stay with your vehicle unless you know for sure that you
are near help and you can hike through the snow. Here are some things
do to
to summon help and keep yourself and your passengers safe: Turn on you
hazard flashers. Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that you’v
been stopped by the snow. Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around
you. If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body insulators from
- anything you can wrap around
newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor mats
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
You can run the engineto keep wann, but be careful.
4-33
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves fuel. When you run
the engine, make it go a little faster than just idle. That is, push the
accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat thatyou get and it keeps
the battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to restart the
vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on with your headlamps. Let the
heater run for awhile.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost all theway to
preserve the heat. Start theengine again and repeat this only when you feel
really uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve
the fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get out of the
vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or so until
help comes.
4-34
Power Winches
If you wish to use a power winch on your vehicle, only use it when your
vehicle is stationary or anchored.
I NOTICE:
-
Operating a power winch withan automatic transmission in
PARK (P) or a manual transmission in gear may damage the
transmission. Always put the transmission in a Neutral position
while operating a power winch.
Use the regular brakes, set the parking brake or block the wheels to keep
your vehicle from rolling.
If your vehicle is equipped with an airbag, see “Adding Equipment to Your
Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
(Four- Wheel
Drive Only)
If your vehicle has four-wheel drive, you may tow it behind another vehicle
providing it does not have the optional electronic shift transfer case.
I NOTICE:
Recreational vehicle towing is not recommended
for vehicles
with the optional electronic shift transfer case becausethe
electronic shift has no neutral position.
Before towing, you should:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Place the automatic transmission in PARK (P) or the manual
transmission in the lowest gear (FIRST GEAR).
3. Firmly attach the vehicle being towed to the tow vehicle. Refer to the
hitch manufacturer’s instructions.
4. Place the transfer case shift lever in NEUTRAL (N).
NOTICE:
Removal of either propeller shaft is unnecessary.
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5. Release the parking brake only after the vehicle being towed is firmly
attached to the tow vehicle.
6. Insert the ignition key into the ignition switch and turn it one notch
forward of the LOCK position. This places the key into the OFF
position, which unlocks the steering column while preventing battery
drain. Unlocking thesteering column will allow for proper movement
of the front wheelshires during towing.
NOTICE:
You should exercise extra care whenever towing another vehicle.
Loading Your Vehicle
PAYLOAD
1=-I
The Certificatioflirelabel is found on the driver’s door lock pillar. The
label shows thesize of your original tires and the inflation pressures needed
to obtain the grossweight capacity of your vehicle. This iscalled the
GVWR (Gross Vehicle WeightRating). The GVWR includes theweight of
the vehicle, all occupants, fuel, cargoand trailer tongue weight, if pulling a
trailer.
4-36
The CertificatiodTirelabel also tells you the maximum weights for the
front and rear axles, called Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). To find out
the actual loads onyour front and rear axles, you need to go to a weigh
station and weigh your vehicle. Your dealer can helpyou with this. Be sure
to spread out your load equally on both sides of the centerline.
Similar appearing vehicles may have different GVWR’sLPayloads. Please
note the Certificatioflire label of your truck or consult your dealer for
additional details.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR) for either the front or rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread it out.
Using heavier suspension components to get added durability might not
change your weight ratings. Ask your dealer tohelp you load your vehicle
the right way.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover partsor components that fail
because of overloading.
If you put things inside your vehicle - like suitcases, tools, packages, or
anything else - they will go as fast as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop
or turn quickly, or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
4-37
There’s also important loading information for off-road driving in this
manual. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Two-Tiered Loading
By positioning four 2” x 6” wooden planks across the width of thepickup
box, you can create an upper load platform. The planks must be inserted in
the pickup box depressions. The length of the planks must allowfor at least
3/4“ bearing surface on each end of the plank.
When using this upper load platform, besure the load is securely tied down
to prevent it from shifting. The load’s center of gravity should be positioned
in a zone over the rear axle. The zone is located in thearea between the
The center of
front of each fenderwell and the rear of each fenderwell.
gravity height must not extend above the top of the pickup box flareboard.
Any load that extends beyond the vehicle’staillamp area must be properly
marked according to local laws and regulations.
Remember not to exceed the Gross Axle Weight Rating(GAWR) of the rear
axle. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Payload
The Payload Capacity is shown on the CertificatiodTire label. This is the
maximum load capacity that your vehicle can carry. Besure to include the
weight of the people inside as part of your load. If you added any
accessories or equipment after your vehicle left the factory, remember to
subtract the weight of these things from the payload. Your dealer can help
you with this.
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Trai/eringPackage
If your vehicle comes with the Trailering Package, there is also a loadrating
which includes theweight of the vehicleand the trailer it tows. This rating
is called the Gross Combination
Weight Rating (GCWR).
When you weigh your trailer, be sure to include theweight of everything
you put in it. And, remember to figure theweight of the people inside as
part of your load.
Your dealer can helpyou determine your GCWR.
Add-on Equipment
When you carry removable items,you may need to put a limit on how many
people you carry inside your vehicle. Be sureto weigh your vehicle before
you buy and install the new equipment.
NOTICE:
Your warranty doesn’t cover parts or components that fail
because of overloading.
4-39
Truck-Camper Loading Information
Open your glove box and look for this label:
GM
3
1
This label will tell youif your vehicle can carry a slide-in camper, how
much of a load your vehicle can carry, and howto spread out your load the
right way. Also,it will help you match the right slide-in camper to your
vehicle.
When you carry a slide-in camper, the totalcargo load of your vehicle is the
weight of the camper, plus
everything else added to the camper after it left the factory;
everything in the camper; and
all the people inside.
The CargoWeight Rating (CWR) is the maximum weightof the load your
vehicle can carry. It doesn’t include the weight of the people inside.But,
you can figure about 150 pounds for each seating position.
The total cargo load must not be more than your vehicle’s CWR.
4-40
Truck Loading Information
1.Recommended
location for cargo
center of gravity
for cargo weight
rating. This is the
point where the
mass of a body is
concentrated and,
if suspended at
that point, would
balance front and
rear.
Refer to Truck Camper Loading Information label
in the glove box for
“”’and “B” dimensions.
Use rear edgeof load floor for measurement purposes.
Example of Proper Truck and Camper Match
1. Camper center of
gravity.
2. Recommended
center of gravity
location zone.
The camper’s center of gravity should fall within the center of gravity z
for your vehicle’s cargo load.
Campers can only be installed
in a long box pickup. Check your
Truck-Camper Loading Labelin your glovebox to determine if your vehic
can carry a slide-in camper.
You must weigh any accessories, trailer hitches
or other equipment you add
to your vehicle. Then, subtract this extra weight fromCWR.
the This extra
weight may shorten the center
of gravity zone for your vehicle. Your dealer
can help you with this.
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If your slide-in camper and its load weigh less than the CWR, the center of
gravity zone for your vehicle may be larger.
Your dealer can help you make a good vehicle-camper match. He’ll also
help you determine your CWR.
After you’ve loaded your vehicle and camper,drive to a weigh station and
weigh on the front and rear wheels separately. This will tell you the loads on
your axles. The loads on the front and rear axles shouldn’t be more than
either of the GAWRs.The total of the axle loads should not bemore than
the GVWR.
Open your driver’s door and look atthe door lock pillar for the
Certificatiomire label to find out your GAWR and GVWR.
If you’ve gone overyour weight ratings, move or take out some things until
all the weights fall below the ratings. Ofcourse, you should always tie down
any loose items when you load your vehicle or camper.
When you install and load your slide-in camper, check the manufacturer’s
instructions.
If you want more information on curb weights, cargo weights, cargo weight
rating and the correct center of gravity zonefor your vehicle, your dealer
can help you. Just ask for a copy of “ConsumerInformation, Truck-Camper
Loading.”
Trailer Recommendations
You must subtract your hitch loads from the CWR for your vehicle. Weigh
your vehicle with your trailerattached, so that you won’t go over the
GVWR or the GAWR.
You’ll get the best performanceif you spread out the weight of your load
the right way, and if youchoose the correct hitch and trailer brakes.
For more information, see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
Pickup Conversion to Chassis Cab
General Motors is aware that some vehicle owners may consider having the
pickup box removed and acommercial or recreational body installed.
However, we recommend that conversions of this type not be done to
pickups. Owners should be aware that, as manufactured, there are
differences between a chassis cab and a pickup with the box removed which
may affect vehicle safety. For specific information on this pickup, contact
the GM Zone Office for your area. (See the “Warranty and Owner
Assistance” booklet for ZoneOffice.)
4-42
Towing a Trailer
NOTICE:
Pulling a trailer improperly can damage your vehicle and result
in costly repairs not covered
by your warranty.To pull a trailer
correctly, follow the advice in this part, and see your
GM dealer
for important information about towing a trailer with your
vehicle.
Most vehicles are ready for sometrailer towing. If yours was built with
trailering options, as many are, it’s ready for heavier trailers. But trailering
is different than just driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means changes
in handling, durability, and fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes
correct equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many time-tested, important
trailering tips and safety rules. Many ofthese are important for your safety
and that of your passengers. So please read this section carefully before you
pull a trailer.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are someimportant points.
There are many different laws, including speed limit restrictions,
having to do with trailering. Make sure your rig will be legal, not only
where you live but also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
Consider using a sway control if your trailer will weigh 2,000 pounds
(900 kg) or less. You should always use a sway control if your trailer
will weigh more than 2,000 pounds (900 kg). You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
4-43
Don’t tow a trailer at all during thefirst 500 miles (800 km) your new
vehicle is driven. Your engine, axle or otherparts could be damaged.
Then, during the first500 miles (800 km) that you tow a trailer, don’t
drive over50 mph (80 km/h) and don’t make starts at full throttle. This
helps your engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the heavier
loads.
If you have an automatic transmission, you should use DRIVE (D) (or,
as you need to, a lower gear)when towing a trailer. Operating your
vehicle in DRIVE (D) when towing a trailer will minimize heat
build-up and extend the life of your transmission. If you have a manual
transmission and you are towing a trailer, it’s better not to use FIFTH
(5) gear. Just drive in FOURTH (4) gear (or, as you need to, a lower
gear)Three important considerations
have to do with weight:
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can atrailer safely be?
It depends onhow you plan to use your rig. For example, speed, altitude,
road grades, outside temperatureand how much your vehicle is used to pull
a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any special equipment
that you have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or advice, or you can
write us at the addresslisted in your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information Booklet.
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel SamDrive
Oshawa, OntarioL1H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load(A) of any trailer is an important weight to measure
because itaffects the total or gross weight of your vehicle. The gross vehicle
weight (GVW) includes the curbweight of the vehicle, any cargo you may
carry in it, and the peoplewho will be riding in the vehicle. And if you will
tow a trailer, you must add the tongue load to the GVW because your
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in the
Index for more informationabout your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
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A
B
If you’re using a“dead-weight” hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh
10% of the total loaded trailer weight (B). If you have a
“weight-distributing” hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12% of the
total loaded trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded
your trailer, weigh the trailer and then the tongue,
separately, to seeif the weights are proper. If they aren’t, you may be ableto
get them right simply by moving some items aroundin the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sureyour vehicle’s tires are inflated to the limit for coldtires. You’ll find
these numberson the Certification label on the driver’s door lockpillar or
see “Tire Loading” in the Index. Then be sure
you don’t go over theGVW
limit for your vehicle, including theweight of the trailer tongue.
Hitches
It’s important to have thecorrect hitch equipment. Crosswinds,large trucks
going by, and rough roads are afew reasons why you’ll need the right hitch.
Here are somerules to follow:
If you use a step bumperhitch, and your trailer tongue has a V-shaped
foot, yourbumper could be damaged in sharp turns. Check thedistance
from the front edge
of the footto the middleof the hitch ball socket. If
the distance is lessthan 12 inches, take the foot off the trailer tongue.
If you’ll be pulling atrailer that, when loaded, will weigh more than
2,000 pounds (900 kg), be sure to use a properly mounted,
weight-distributing hitchand sway control of the propersize. This
equipment is very important for proper vehicle loading
and good
handling when you’re driving.
If your vehicle has the bumper delete
option, do not bolt any type of
hitch to the close-out panel. The close-out panel will not support a
hitch.
4-45
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle and your trailer.
Cross the safety chains under the tongue of the trailerso that the tongue will
not drop tothe road ifit becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch manufacturer or by the
trailer manufacturer. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendationfor
attaching safety chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always leave
just enough slack so you can turn with your rig. And, never allow safety
chains to drag on the ground.
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than 1,000pounds (450 kg) loaded, then it needs
its own brakes - and they mustbe adequate. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions for the trailer brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust and
maintain them properly.
Your trailer brakes system can tap into vehicle’s hydraulic brake system
except:
Don’t tap into your vehicle’s brake system if the trailer’s brake system will
use more than 0.02 cubic inch ( 0 . 3 ~of
~ )fluid from your vehicle’s master
cylinder. If it does, both braking systems won’t workwell. You could even
lose your brakes.
Will the trailer parts take 3,000 psi (20 650kPa) of pressure? If not, the
trailer brake system must notbe used with your vehicle.
If everything checks out this far, thenmake the brake fluid tap at the port on
the master cylinder that sends fluid to the rear brakes. But don’t use
copper
tubing for this. If you do, it will bend and finally break off.Use steel brake
tubing.
Driving with a Trailer
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out
for the open road, you’ll want to get to know your rig. Acquaint yourself
with the feel of handling and braking with the added weight of the trailer.
And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are driving is now a good
deal longer and not nearlyas responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform (and attachments),
safety chains, electrical connector, lights, tires and mirror adjustment. Ifthe
trailer has electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and then
apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be surethe brakes are working.
This lets you check your electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the load is secure, and
that the lights and any trailer brakes are still working.
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Following Distance
Stay at least twice as farbehind the vehicle ahead as you would when
driving your vehicle without a trailer. This can help you avoid situations that
require heavy braking and sudden turns.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when you’re towing a trailer.
And, because you’re a good deal longer, you’ll needto go much farther
beyond the passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of thesteering wheel with one hand. Then, to move the
trailer to the left, just move that hand to the left. To move the trailer to the
right, move your hand to the right. Always back up slowlyand, if possible,
have someone guide you.
Making Turns
I NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could cause the trailer
to come in contact with the vehicle.
Your vehicle could be
damaged. Avoid making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns than normal. Do this
so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees, or other
objects. Avoid jerky orsudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
Turn Signals When Towinga Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have extra wiring and a
heavy-duty turn signal flasher (included in the optional trailering package).
The green arrows on your instrument panel will flash whenever you signal a
turn or lane change. Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash,
telling other drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the green arrows on your instrument panel will flash
for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer are burned out. Thus,you may think
drivers behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s important
to check occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are still working.
4-47
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start down a long or steep
downgrade. If you don’t shift down, you might have to use your brakes so
much that they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your speed to around 45 mph
(70 km/h) to reduce the possibility of engine and transmission overheating.
When towing at high altitude on steep uphill grades, consider the following:
Engine coolantwill boil at a lowertemperature than at normalaltitudes. If
you turn your engine off immediately after towing at high altitude on steep
uphill grades, your vehicle may show signs similar to engine overheating.
To avoid this, let the enginerun while parked (preferably on level ground)
with the automatictransmission in PARK (P) (or the manual transmission
out of gear and the parking brake applied) fora few minutes before turning
the engineoff. If you do get the overheat warning, see “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
Parking on Hi//s
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer attached, on a hill. If
something goes wrong, your rig could start to move. People can be injured,
and both your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s how todo it:
1. Apply your regular brakes,but don’t shift into PARK (P) yet, or into
gear for amanual transmission. When parking uphill, turn your wheels
away from the curb. When parking downhill, turn your wheels into the
curb.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the regular brakes until the
chocks absorbthe load.
4. Reapply the regularbrakes. Then apply your parking brake, and then
shift into PARK (P), or REVERSE (R) for amanual transmission.
5. If you have a four-wheeldrive vehicle with a manual transfer case
shift lever, be sure the transfer case is in a drive gear- not in
NEUTRAL (N).
6. Release the parking brake.
4-48
When You Are Ready to Leave After Parking on Hill
a
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down while you:
Start your engine;
Shift into a gear; and
Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re pulling a trailer. See
the Maintenance Schedule formore on this. Things that areespecially
important in trailer operation are automatic transmission fluid (don’t
overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant, belt, cooling system, and brake
adjustment. Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index will help
you find them quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to review these
sections before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts are tight.
Trailer Lighting Systems Wiring
See “Trailer Wiring Harness” in the Index.
4-49
Notes
4-50
Problems on the Road
Section
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.
Hazard Warning Flashers
[email protected] .
Your hazard warning
flashers let you warn
others. They also let
police know you have
a problem. Your front
and rear turn signal
lamps will flash on
and off.
I
1
1
5-1
Push the buttonon top
of the steering column
all the way downto
make your front and
rear turn signal lights
flash on and off. Your
hazard warning
flashers work no
matter what position
your key is in, and
even if the key isn’t
in.
To turn off the flashers, push the button until thefirst click and release.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn signals won’t work.The
flashers will stop if you step on the brake.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at theside of the road
about 300 feet (100 m) behind your vehicle.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use another vehicle andsome
jumper cables to start your vehicle. But pleasefollow the steps below todo
it safely.
5-2
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result in costlydamage to your
vehicle that wouldn’t be coveredby your warranty.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling it could
damage your vehicle, even if youhave a manualtransmission.
And if you have an automatic transmission, it won’t start that
way.
To Jump Start Your Vehicle;
1. Check the othervehicle. It must have a 12-volt battery with a negative
ground system.
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’ta 12-volt system with a negative
ground, bothvehicles can be damaged.
2. Get the vehicles closeenough so the jumper cables can
reach, but be
sure the vehiclesaren’t touching eachother. If they are, it could cause a
ground connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be ableto start your
vehicle, and thebad grounding could damagethe electrical systems.
You could be injuredif the vehicles roll. Set the
parking brake firmly
on each vehicle. Put an automatic transmission in PARK (P) or a
manual transmissionin NEUTRAL (N). If you have a
four-wheel-drive vehicle with a manual transfer case shift lever, be
sure thetransfer case isnot in NEUTRAL (N).
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Turn off all lights that aren’t
needed, and radios. This will avoid sparks and help save both batteries.
And it could saveyour radio!
NOTICE:
If you leave your radioon, it could be badly damaged.The
repair wouldn’t be coveredby your warranty.
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the positive (+) and
negative (-) terminals on each battery.
5-3
A CAUTION:
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or missing insulation. If
they do, you could get a shock. The vehicles could be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic things you should
know. Positive (+) will go to positive (+) and negative (-) will go to
negative (-) or a metal engine part. Don’t connect (+) to (-) or you’ll
get a short that would damage the battery and maybeother parts too.
A CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you badly. Keep
your hands away from moving parts once the engines are
running,
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+) terminal of the
vehicle with thedead battery.
5-4
Dead Battery (+)
Good Battery (+)
7. Don’t let the other end touch metal. Connect it to the positive (+)
terminal of the good battery.
8. Now connect the black negative (-) cable to the good battery’s negative
(-) terminal.
Don’t let the other end touch anything until the nextstep. The other end
of the negative cable doesn’t go to the dead battery. Itgoes to a heavy
unpainted metal part on theengine of the vehicle with the dead battery.
Good Battery (-)
Heavy
Metal
Engine
Part
9. Attach the cable at least 18 inches (45 cm) away from the dead battery,
but not near engine parts that move. The electrical connection is just as
good there, but thechance of sparks getting back to the batteryis much
less.
5-5
10. Now start thevehicle with the good battery and run the engine for a
while.
11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery. If it won’t start after a few
tries make sure all connections are good. If it still won’t start, it
probably needs service.
12. Remove the cables in reverse orderto prevent electrical shorting. Take
care that they don’t touch each other or any other metal.
Remove Cables In This Order:
2
3
1. HeavyMetal
Engine Part
2. Good Battery (-)
3. Good Battery (+)
4. Dead Batten (+)
Towing Your Vehicle
Try to have aGM dealer or a professional
towing service tow your vehicle.
They can provide theright equipment and know howto tow it without
damage.
If your vehicle has been changed since it was factory-new by adding things
like fog lamps,aero skirting, or special tires and wheels, these things could
be damaged during towing.
Before you do anything,turn on the hazard warning flashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
0
Whether your vehicle has rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive.
The make, model, and year of your vehicle.
0
Whether you can move the shift lever for thetransmission and shift the
transfer case, if you have one.
0
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
5-6
When your vehicle is being towed, have the key off. The steering wheel
should be clamped in a straight-ahead position with a clamping device
designed for towing service. Do not use the vehicle’s steering column lock
for this. The transmission (either automatic or manual) should be in
NEUTRAL (N) and the transfer case (either manual shift or electronic
shift), if you have one, should be in2HI. The parking brake should be
released.
Don’t have your vehicle towed on the rear wheels, unless you have to. If the
vehicle must be towed on the rear wheels, don’t go more than 35 mph (56
kmk) or farther than 50 miles (80 km)or your transmission will be
damaged. If these limits must be exceeded, then the rear drive wheels have
to be supported on a dolly.
5-7
Towing From the Front
5-8
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-type equipmentor the front bumper
system will be damaged.
Use wheel lift or car-carrierequipment.
Additional ramping may be requiredfor car-carrierequipment.
Use safety chainsand wheel straps.
If your vehicle has the four-wheel drive option, a dolly MUST
be used under therear wheels when towingfrom the front.
Towing From the Rear
5-9
I
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-typeequipment or the rear bumper
system will be damaged.
Use wheel liftor car-carrierequipment.
Additional ramping may berequired for car-carrierequipment.
Use safety chainsand wheel straps.
If your vehicle has the four-wheel drive option, a dolly MUST
be usedunder the front wheels when towingfrom the rear.
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage on your vehicle's instrument
panel.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If your engine catches fire because you keep driving with no
coolant, your vehicle can be badly damaged. The costly repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get the overheat warning but see orhear no steam, the problem may
not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can get a little toohot when you:
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer. See “Driving on Grades’’ in the Index.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam, try this for a minute
or so:
1. If you have an air conditioner, turn it off.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan speed and open the
window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N); otherwise,shift to the
highest gearwhile driving - AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (0)
or
DRIVE (D) for automatic transmissions.
If you no longer have the overheat warning,you can drive. Just to be safe,
drive slower for aboutten minutes. If the warning doesn’t comeback on,
you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, push the accelerator until the engine speed is
about twice as fast as normal idle speed. Bring the engine speed back to
normal idle speed after two or three minutes. Now see if the warning stops.
But then, if you still have the warning, turn ofSthe engine and get everyone
out of the vehicle until it cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service help right away.
5-11
When you decide it's
safe to lift the hood,
here's what you'll see:
A. Coolant recovery
tank
B. Radiator pressure
cap
C. Engine fan
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling,
don't do anything
else until it cools down.
The coolant level should beat the ADD mark. If it isn't, you may have a
leak in the radiatorhoses, heater hoses, radiator, waterpump or somewhere
else in the cooling system.
5-12
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your engine without coolant isn’t
covered by your warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, start the engine again. See if the fan speed
increases when idle speed is doubled by pushing the accelerator pedal down.
If it doesn’t, your vehicle needs service. Turn off the engine.
How to Add Coolant to the CoolantRecovery Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level isn’t at ADD, add a
50/50 mixture of clean water (preferably distilled) and a proper antifreeze at
the coolant recovery tank. (See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for more
information about the proper coolant mix.)
I NOTICE:
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the engine, radiator,
heater core and other parts. Use the recommended coolant.
5-13
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at ADD, start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there's one more thing you can try.You
can add the proper coolant mix directly to the radiator, but besure the
cooling system is cool before you do it.
5-14
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when the cooling system,
including the radiator pressure cap and upper radiator hose, is no longer
hot. Turn the pressure cap slowly to the left until it first stops. (Don’t
press down while turning the pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means there is still some
pressure left.
5- 15
2. Then keep
turning the
pressure cap, but
now push down
as you turn it.
Remove the
pres sure cap.
I
I
3. Fill the radiator
with the proper
mix, up to the
base of the filler
neck.
4. Then fill the
coolant recovery
tank to the ADD
mark.
5-16
5. Put the cap back
on the coolant
recovery tank,
but leave the
radiator pressure
cap off.
6. Start the engine
and let it run until
you can feel the
upper radiator
hose getting hot.
Watch out for the
engine fan.
7. By this time the coolant level inside the radiator filler neck may be
lower. If the level is lower, add moreof the proper mix through the
filler neck until the levelreaches the base of thefiller neck.
8. Then replace the
pressure cap. At
any time during
this procedure if
coolant begins to
flow out of the
filler neck,
reinstall the
pressure cap. Be
sure the arrows
on the pressure
cap lineup like
this.
5-17
Engine Fan Noise
This vehicle has a clutched engine cooling
fan. When the clutch is engaged,
the fan spinsfaster to provide more air to cool the engine.In most every day
driving conditionsthe clutch is not engaged. Thisimproves fuel economy
and reduces fan noise. Under heavy vehicle loading, trailer towing and/or
high outside temperatures, the fan speed increases when the clutch engages.
So you may hear an increase in fan noise. This isnormal and should not be
mistaken as the transmission slipping or making extra shifts. It is merely the
cooling system functioning properly. The fanwill slow down when
additional cooling is not required and the clutch disengages.
You may also hear this fan noise when you start the engine.It will go away
as thefan clutch disengages.
if a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for atire to “blow out” while you’re driving, especially if you
maintain your tires properly. If air goes outof a tire, it’s much morelikely to
leak outslowly. But if you should ever have a “blowout,”here are a few tips
about what to expect and what to do:
If a fronttire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that pulls the vehicle
toward that side. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal and grip the
steering wheel firmly. Steer to maintain lane position, then gently brake to a
stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout,particularly on a curve,acts much like a skid and may
require thesame correction you’d use ina skid. In any rear blowout, remove
your foot fromthe accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be very bumpy and
noisy, but you can still steer. Gently brake to a stop, well off the road if
possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to useyour jacking equipmentto
change aflat tire safely.
5-18
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage by driving slowly to a
level place. Turn on your hazard warning flashers.
A. Flat Tire
B. Blocked Tire
5-19
The following steps will tell you howto use thejack and change a tire.
Jacking Equipment Storage
The jackingequipment you’ll need is stored behind thefront seats, either on
the center wall (extended cab) or along the right wall (regular cab).
To remove your jack
cover, if you haveone,
turn the plastic wing
nut counterclockwise.
Remove the jack
cover.
To remove the wheel
blocks, jack and wheel
wrench, turn the wing
nut counterclockwise.
Pull the wheelblocks,
jack and wheel
wrench off.
5-20
Jack Storage Cover
1. Hub Cap Removal Tool (on some 4. Hub Cap Removal Tool (on some
models)
models)
2. Cover (Extended Cab)
5. Bolt
3. Cover (Standard Cab)
NOTE: Restore coverand hub capremoval tool if provided.
5-21
Jacking Equipment
1. Wheel Wrench
2. Bracket
3. Jacking Instructions Tag (Roll
and place tag behind the bracket
after the tools are installed)
4. Bolt Location (Standard)
5. Bolt Location (ZR2)
6. Wheel Blocks
7. Nut
8. Rubber Band
9. Jack Position (ZR2)
10. Jack Position (Standard)
Spare Tire
Your spare tire is
stored underneath the
rear of your vehicle.
5-22
To Remove the Underbody-Mounted Spare Tire
I NOTICE:
Never remove or restow a tire
frodto a stowage position under
the vehicle while the vehicle is supported by a jack. Always
tighten the tire fully against the underside of the vehicle when
restowing.
Insert the chisel end of
the wheel wrench, on
an angle, into the hole
in the rear bumper. Be
sure thechisel end of
the wheel wrench
connects into thehoist
shaft.
...
5-23
spare tire can be
pulled out fromunder
the vehicle.
When the tire has
been completely
lowered, tilt the
retainer at the end of
the cableand pull it
through the wheel
opening. Pull the tire
out from under the
vehicle.
NOTICE:
To help avoid vehicle damage, do not drive vehicle before cable
is restored.
Underbody-Mounted Spare Tire
1. Wheel Wrench
2. Hoist Assembly
3. Retainer
4. Spring
5 . Tire
6. Valve Stem (Pointed Down)
Changing the Tire
Start with the jacking equipment. See
“Jacking Equipment Storage”earlier
in this section.
Turn the jackhandle
clockwise. Thatwill
raise the jacklifthead
a little.
Before you start,
block the frontand
rear of the tire farthest
away from the one
being changed. Put
your spare tire near
the flattire.
Hub Caps And Wheel Nut Caps
You will have to take off hub caps orwheel nut caps to reach your wheel
nuts.
If you have individual
wheel nut caps that
cover eachnut, they
must be removed in
order to get thewheel
nuts off. Use the
socket end of the
wheel wrench to
remove the wheel nut
caps.
5-25
Your wheel nut caps may attach your hub cap to the wheel. Remove these
Some jackstorage
covers are equipped
with a hub cap
removal tool. Position
the hub cap removal
tool in the notch and
pull straight away
from the wheel to
avoid potential
damage to the hub cap
and wheel paindwheel
surface.
Remove the hub cap.
If you have just an aluminum or plastic molded hub cap, pry it off with the
chisel end of your wheel wrench.
Some of the molded
plastic hub caps have
imitation wheel nuts
molded into them.The
wheel wrench won’t
fit these imitation
nuts, so don’t try to
remove them with the
socket end of the
wheel wrench.
5-26
Using the wheel
wrench, loosen all the
wheel nuts. Don’t
remove them yet.
Do not jack up thevehicle with people in or near the vehicle.
Position the jack under the vehicle.
A. Front Frame Hole
B. Rear Frame Hole (ZR2)
C . Spring Hanger Hole (Standard Pickups)
Your vehicle has a hole in the frame near each frontwheel for the jack. On
standard pickups there is a hole in the spring hanger near each rear wheel
for the jack. On ZR2 models, the hole for the jack is located inthe frame in
front of each rear wheel. Fit the jack into the hole nearest the flat tire.
5-27
NOTICE:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly positioned will
damage the vehicleor may allow the vehicle to fall off the
jack.
Be sureto fit the jack lift head into the proper location before
raising your vehicle.
Raise the vehicle by
turning thejackhandle
clockwise. Raise the
vehicle far enough off
the ground so there is
enough room for the
spare tire to fit.
Remove all the wheel
nuts.
5-28
Take off the flat tire.
Remove any rust or dirt from the wheel bolts, mounting surfaces and spare
wheel. Place the spare on the wheel mounting surface.
Never use oilor grease on studs or nuts.
If you do, the nuts
might come loose. Your wheel could falloff, causing a serious
accident.
5-29
Put on the spare tire.
Put thenuts on by
hand. Make sure the
cone-shaped end is
toward the wheel.
.~ ~ ~+ ~ , ,,, ~ . ; " ~ , ' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . ~ ~ ~
I
;,~,$
i
i
Tighten eachnut by hand until the wheel is held against the hub. If a nut
can't be turned by hand, use the wheel wrench andsee your dealer as soon
as possible.
Lower the vehicle by
turning the jackhandle
counterclockwise.
Lower the jack
completely.
I
~
i
5-30
Tightening Wheel Nut
Tightening Sequence
,
Use the wrench to tighten the wheel nuts firmly in a criss-cross sequenceas
shown. Remove the wheel blocks.
Storing the Jack and Spare Tire
Return the jack,wheel wrench and wheel blocks to the proper location
behind the seat. Secure the itemsand replace the jack cover, if you have
one. Put the flattire where the sparetire was stored. If you have the
underbody carrier:
1. Put thetire on the ground at the rear of the vehicle, with the valve stem
pointed down and to the rear.
2. Pull the retaining bar through the wheel.
NOTE: With ZR2 option, spring and retainer must be separated to
insert through wheel opening.
5-31
3. Put the chisel end of the wheel wrench, on an angle, through the hole in
the rear bumper andinto the hoist shaft. Turn the wheel wrench
clockwise until the tireis raised against the undersideof the vehicle.
You will hear two “clicks” when the tire is secure, but pull
on the tire to
make sure.
I NOTICE:
Don’t use the existing hoist to store a tire with an aluminum
wheel or it could damage the wheel. Secure the tire in the pickup
bed.
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice
or Snow
What you don’t want todo when your vehicle is stuck is to spin yourwheels
too fast. The method known as “rocking” can help you get out when you’re
stuck, but you must use caution.
5-32
NOTICE:
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your vehicle asaswell
the tires. If you spin the wheels too fast while shifting your
transmission back and forth, you can destroy your transmission.
For information aboutusing tire chains on your vehicle, see “Tire Chains”
in the Index.
Rocking your vehicle to get
it out:
First, turn your steering wheel left and right.That will clear the areaaround
your front wheels. Then shift back andforth between REVERSE (R) and a
forward gear(or with a manual transmission, between FIRST (1) or
SECOND ( 2 ) gear and REVERSE), spinning the wheels as little as possible.
Release the acceleratorpedal while you shift, and press lightly on the
accelerator pedal when the transmission is in gear. If that doesn’t getyou
out after a few tries, you may need to be towed out. Or, you can use your
recovery hooks, if your vehicle has them. If you do need to be towed out,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” inthe Index.
Using the Recovery Hooks
Your vehicle may be equipped with recovery hooks. Therecovery hooks are
provided at the front of your vehicle. You may need to usethem if you’re
stuck off-road and need to be pulled to some placewhere you can continue
driving.
5-33
NOTICE:
Never use the recoveryhooks to tow the vehicle.Your vehicle
could be damaged and
it would not be covered by warranty.
5-34
Service & Appearance Care
Section
Here you will find information about the care
of your vehicle. This section
begins with service and fuel information,
and then it shows how to check
important fluidand lubricant levels. There is also technical information
about your vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.
Service
Your GM dealer knowsyour vehicle best and wants you to be happy with it.
We hope you’ll go to your dealer forall your service needs. You’ll get
genuine GM parts and GM-trained and supported service people.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM. GenuineGM parts
have one of these marks:
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do someof your own service work, you’ll want to get the
proper GM Service Manual. Ittells you much more about how to service
your vehicle thanthis manual can. To order the properservice manual, see
“Service Publications”in the Index.
6-1
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list the mileage and the
date of any service work you perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the
Index.
NOTICE:
If you try to do your own service work without knowing enough
about it, your vehicle could be damaged.
Fuel
The 8th digit of your vehicle identification number (VIN) shows the code
letter for your engine. You will find the VIN at the top leftof your
instrument panel. (See “Vehicle Identification Number” in the Index.)
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher. With the 4.3L
(Code W) engine, use premium unleaded gasoline rated at 9 1 octane or
higher for high power performance, when towinga trailer or with a high
payload requirement. But when operating with a light load as a normal
condition, you may use middle grade or regular unleaded gasolines.
The gasoline you use should meet specifications ASTM D48 14 in the
United States and CGSB 3.5-92 in Canada. These fuels should have the
proper additives, so you should not have to add anything tothe fuel.
In the United States and Canada, it’s easy tobe sure you get the right kind
of gasoline (unleaded). You’ll see UNLEADED right on the pump.And
only unleaded nozzles willfit into your vehicle’s filler neck.
Be sure the posted octane is at least 91 for premium, 89 for middle grade
and 87 for regular. If the octane is less than 87, you may get a heavy
6-2
knocking noise when you drive. If it’s bad enough, itcan damage your
engine.
If you’re using fuel rated at 91 octane or higher and you still hear heavy
knocking, your engine needs service. But don’t worry if you hear a little
pinging noise when you’re accelerating or driving up a hill. That’s normal,
and you don’t have to buy a higher octane fuel to get rid of it. It’s the heavy,
constant knock that means you have a problem.
What about gasoline with blending materials that contain oxygen
(oxygenates), such as MTBE oralcohol?
MTBE is “methyl tertiary-butyl ether.” Fuel that is no more than 15 %
MTBE is fine foryour vehicle.
Ethanol is ethyl or grain alcohol. Properly-blended fuel that is no more than
10% ethanol is fine foryour vehicle.
Methanol is methyl or wood alcohol.
NOTICE:
Fuel that is more than5% methanol is bad for your vehicle.
Don’t use it. It can corrode metal parts in your fuel system and
also damage plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t be
covered under your warranty. And even5%
at or less, there
must be “cosolvents” and corrosion preventers in this to
fuel
help avoid these problems.
Gasolines for CleanerAir
Your use of gasoline with deposit control additives will help prevent
deposits from forming in your engine and fuel system. That helps keep your
engine in tune and your emission control system working properly. It’s good
for your vehicle, and you’ll be doing your part for cleaner air.
Many gasolines are now blended with oxygenates. General Motors
recommends that you use gasolines with these blending materials, such as
MTBE and ethanol. By doing so, you can help clean the air, especially in
those parts of the country that have high carbon monoxide levels.
In addition, some gasoline suppliers are now producing reformulated
gasolines. These gasolines are specially designed to reduce vehicle
emissions. General Motors recommends that you use reformulated gasoline.
By doing so, you can help clean the air, especially in those parts of the
country that have high ozone levels.
You should ask your service station operators if their gasolines contain
deposit control additives and oxygenates, and if they have been
reformulated to reduce vehicle emissions.
6-3
Fuels in ForeignCountries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the U.S. or Canada,
unleaded fuel may be hard to find. Do not use leadedgasoline. If you use
even one tankful, your emission controls won’t work wellor at all. With
continuous use, spark plugs can get fouled, the exhaust system can corrode,
and your engine oil can deteriorate quickly. Your vehicle’s oxygen sensor
will be damaged. All of that meanscostly repairs that wouldn’t be covered
by your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or contact a major oil
company that does business in the country where you’ll bedriving.
You can also write us at thefollowing address for advice. Just tell us where
you’re going and give your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation,
North American Export Sales (NAES)
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario
L1H 8P7
Filling Your Tank
The fuel cap is behind
a hinged door on the
left side of your
vehicle.
.
/”
6-4
While refueling, hang
the cap inside the fuel
door.
To take off the cap, turn it slowly to the left (counterclockwise).
I
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from painted surfaces as
soon as possible. See “Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right until you hear a clicking
noise.
I NOTICE:
If you need a new cap, be sure to get the right type. Your dealer
can get onefor you. If youget the wrong type, it may not
fit or
have proper venting, and your fuel tank and emissions system
might be damaged.
6-5
Checking Things Under the Hood
To open the hood,first
pull the handle inside
the vehicle on the
lower driver’s side of
the instrument panel.
Then go to the front of
the vehicle and release
the secondary hood
release.
Lift the hood,release
the hood prop from its
retainer and putthe
hood prop into the slot
in the hood. You will
have an underhood
light that comes on
when you lift the
hood.
6-6
c-
bI
Before closing the
hood, be sure all the
filler caps are on
properly. Then lift the
hood to relieve
pressure on the hood
Prop.
Remove the hood prop
from the slot in the
hood and return the
prop to its retainer.
Then just pull the hood down firmly to close. It will latch whendropped
from 10 - 12 inches (25.5 - 30.48 cm) without pressing on the hood.
6-7
Engine Oil
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time youget fuel. In order to
get an accurate reading, the oil mustbe warm and the vehicle must be on
level ground.
Turn off the engine
and give theoil a few
minutes to drain back
into the oil pan. If you
don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the
actual level.
To Check Engine Oil
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or cloth, then push it
back in all the way. Remove it again, keeping the tip down.
6-8
When to Add Oil
If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then you’ll need to add some oil.But
you must use the right kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use. For
crankcase capacity, see “Capacitiesand Specifications” inthe Index.
I NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil.
If your engine hasso much oil that the
oil level gets above the cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could be damaged.
The engineoil filler capis located on the driver’s side engine valve cover.
Just fill it enough to put the level somewhere in the proper operatingrange.
Push the dipstick all the
way back in when you’re through.
What Kind of Oil to Use
Oils of the proper quality for your vehicle can be identified by looking for
the “Starburst” symbol. The “Starburst” symbol
indicates that the oil has
been certified by the American Petroleum Institute (API), and is preferred
for usein your gasoline engine.
If you change yourown oil, be sure you use oil that has the “Starburst”
symbol on the frontof the oilcontainer. If you have your oil changed for
you, be sure the oilput into your engine isAmerican Petroleum Institute
certified for gasoline engines.
6-9
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your vehicle, as shown in
the following chart:
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
FOR BEST FUELECONOMYANDCOLDSTARTING,SELECTTHELOWEST
SAE VISCOSITY GRADE OIL FOR THEEXPECTEDTEMPERATURERANGE.
LOOK
FOR THIS
SYMBOL
HOT
WEATHER
/ F
+ 100 .
- +3a
+80
-
- +27
+60
- - +16
+40
-
+20
- - -7
0.
.
-+4
- - 18
I
SAE 5w-30
COLD
WEATHER
SAE IOW-30
IF NEITHER SAE 5W-30 NOR SAE 1OW-30
GRADE OILS AREAVAILABLE, SAE 30
GRADE MAY BE USED AT TEMPERATURES
ABOVE 40 DEGREES F (4 DEGREES C).
DO NOT USE SAE 1OW-40, SAE 2OW-50 OR
ANY OTHER GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
As shown in the chart, SAE 5W-30 is best for your vehicle. However, you
can use SAE 1OW-30 if it’s going to be 0°F (-18°C) or above. These
numbers on an oil container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils, such as SAE 20W-50.
6- 10
I NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum Institute
Certified For Gasoline Engines “Starburst” symbol. Failure to
use the proper oil can result in engine damage not covered by
your warranty.
GM [email protected] oil (in Canada, GM Engine Oil) meets all the
requirements for your vehicle.
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. Your GM dealer is ready to advise if you
think something should be added.
When to Change Engine Oil
See if any one of these is true for you:
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km). This is particularly
important when outside temperatures are below freezing.
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent driving in stop and
go traffic).
You operate your vehicle in dusty areas or off-road frequently.
0
You frequently tow a trailer.
If any one of these is true for your vehicle, then you need to change your oil
and filter every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or 3 months - whichever comes
first.
If none of them is true, change the oil and filter every 7,500 miles (12 500
km) or 12 months - whichever comes first.
6 - 11
Four-wheel Drive Remote Oil Filter
If your vehicle has four-wheel drive, you will have a remote oil filter.
There
is a special accessdoor in the steering linkage shield assembly located under
the radiator support. Twist the screwto lock or unlock the door.
Engine Coolant Heater
An engine coolant heater can be a big help
if you have to parkoutside in
very cold weather, 0°F (-1 8 O C) or colder. If your vehicle has this option,
see “Engine Coolant Heater” in theIndex.
What to Do with Used Oil
Did you know that usedengine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and couldeven cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay
on your skin for very long. Clean your skin and nails withsoap and water,
or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw away clothing or rags
containing used engine oil. (See the manufacturer’s warnings about the use
and disposal of oil products.)
Used oil can be a real threatto the environment. If youchange your own oil,
be sure to drain all free-flowing oil from the filter before disposal. Don’t
ever dispose of oil by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground,into
sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by taking it to
a place that collects used oil. If you havea problem properly disposing of
your used oil, ask your dealer, a service stationor a local recycling center
for help.
Air Cleaner
To remove the round air cleaner filter for the 4.3L (VIN 2) engine, turn the
wing nuts counterclockwise. Remove the cover and change the filter. Care
should be taken during reassembly to ensure that the cover is on straight and
the wingnuts are properly tightened.
= To avoid ingesting
dust in the engine, the
arrow on the air
cleaner lid should
point to the front of
the engine.
6- 12
To remove the rectangular air cleaner filter for the 4.3L (VIN W) engine,
open both clamps and push the rear of the air cleaner back toward the rear
of the engine compartment to change the filter.
While reassembling the air cleaner assembly, ensure that the air cleaner
cover tabs are fullyinserted into theslots in the air cleaner housing. On the
4.3L (VINW) engine, also make certain that the PCV air tube is properly
seated in the left hand valve cover.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule todetermine when to replace the air
filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services’’ in the Index.
I NOTICE:
If the air cleaneris off, a backfire can causea damaging engine
fire. And, dirt can easily get into your engine, which
will damage
it. Always have the air cleaner in place when you’re driving.
6- 13
Automatic Transmission Fluid
When to Check and Change
A good time to check your automatic transmission fluid level is when the
engine oil is changed. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
when to change your fluid. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the
Index.
How to Check
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may choose to have this
done at your GM dealership Service Department.
If you do it yourself, be sure tofollow all the instructions here, or you could
get a false reading on the dipstick.
I NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your transmission. Too
much can mean that some of the fluid could come out and
on fall
hot engine partsor exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be sure
to get an accurate reading if you check your transmission fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transmission fluid level if you
have been driving:
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C).
0
At high speed for quite a while.
0
In heavy traffic -especially in hot weather.
0
While pulling a trailer.
To get theright reading, the fluid should be at normal operating
temperature, which is 180°F to 200°F (82°C to 93°C).
To check transmissionfluid hot: Get the vehicle warmed up by driving
about 15 miles (24 k
rn)when outside temperatures are above 50°F ( 10°C).
If it’s colder than 50°F (lO”C),drive the vehicle in THIRD GEAR (D) until
the engine temperature gage moves and then remains steady for ten minutes.
Then follow the hot check procedures.
6- 14
To check transmissionfluid cold: A cold check is made after the vehicle has
been sitting for eighthours or more with the engine off and is used only as a
reference. Let the engine run at idlefor five minutes if outside temperatures
are 50°F ( 10°C) ormore. If it's colder than 50°F ( lO"C), you may have to
idle the enginelonger. Should the fluid level be low during a cold check,
you must perform a hot check before adding fluid. This will give you a more
accurate reading of the fluid level.
To check the fluid hotor cold
Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the engine running.
With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever in PARK (P).
0
With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift lever through each
gear range, pausing for about three seconds in each range. Then,
position the shift lever in PARK (P).
Let the engine run at idle forthree minutes or more.
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
1. Flip the handle
up and then pull
out the dipstick
and wipe it with a
clean rag or paper
towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and then pull it back out
again.
6- 15
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower level. The fluid
level must be in the COLD area for a cold check or in the HOT area or
cross-hatched area for a hot check.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the dipstick back in all
the way; then flip the handle down to lock the dipstick in place.
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of transmission
fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Add fluid only after checking the transmission fluid HOT. (A COLD check
is used only as a reference.) If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the
proper fluid to bring the level up to the HOT area for a hot check. It doesn’t
take much fluid, generally less than a int. Don ’Ioverjill. We recommend
you use only fluid labeled DEXRON -111, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transmission. Damage caused by fluid
other than [email protected] is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
8
After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as described under “How to
Check.”
When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the dipstick back in all
the wav: then flip thehandle down to lock the dipstick in place.
6- 16
Manual Transmission Fluid
When to Check
A good time to have it checked is when the engine oil is changed. However,
the fluid in your manual transmission doesn't require changing.
How to Check
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may choose to have this
done at your GM dealership Service Department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions here, or you could
get afalse reading.
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your transmission.
Too
much can mean that some
of the fluid could come
out and fallon
hot engine partsor exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be sure
to get an accurate reading you
if check your transmission fluid.
Check the fluid level only when your engine is off, the vehicle is parked on
a level place and the transmission is cool enough for you to rest your fingers
on the transmission case.
Then, follow these steps:
h
1. Remove the filler
Plug2. Check that the
lubricant level is
up to the bottom
of the filler plug
hole.
3. If the fluid level is good, install the plug and be sure it is fully seated. If
the fluid level is low, add more fluid as described in the next steps.
6-17
How to Add Fluid
Here’s how to add fluid. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
what kind offluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the
Index.
1. Remove the filler plug.
2. Add fluid at the filler plug hole. Add only enough fluid to bring the
fluid level up to the bottom of the filler plughole.
3. Install the filler plug. Be sure the plug is fully seated.
Hydraulic Clutch
The hydraulic clutch linkage in your vehicle is self-adjusting. A slight
amount of play (1/4 inch to 1/2 inch) in the pedal is normal.
When to Check and What toUse
Refer to the
Maintenance Schedule
to determine how
often you should
check the fluid level
in your clutch master
cylinder reservoir and
for the proper fluid.
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
How to Check
The proper fluid should be addedif the level does not reach the bottomof
the diaphragm when it’s in place in the reservoir. See the instructions on the
reservoir cap.
6-18
Rear Axle
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how often to check the
lubricant and when to change it.See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in
the Index.
How to Check Lubricant
If the level is below
the bottom of the filler
plug hole, you’ll need
to add some lubricant.
Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the
bottom of the filler
plug hole.
I
1
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of lubricant to
use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Four- Wheel Drive
Most lubricant checks in this section also apply to four-wheel-drive
vehicles. However, they have two additional systems that need lubrication.
Transfer Case
When to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how often to check the
lubricant. See “Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in the Index.
6-19
How to Check Lubricant
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of lubricantto
use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Front Axle
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how often to check the
lubricant and when to change it. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in
the Index.
How to Check Lubricant
If the level is below
the bottom of thefiller
plug hole, you’ll need
to add some lubricant.
If the differential is at
operating temperature
(warm), add enough
lubricant to raise the
level to the bottom of
the filler plug hole.
If the differential is cold, add enough lubricant to raise the level to 1/2 inch
(12 mm) below thefiller plug hole.
6-20
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule
to determine what kind of lubricant to
use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in Index.
the
Engine Coolant
The following explainsyour cooling system and how to add coolantwhen it
is low. If you have a problem with engine overheating, see “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
The proper coolant for
your vehicle will:
Give freezing protectiondown to -34°F (-37 “C).
Give boiling protectionup to 262°F (128 “C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as they should.
What to Use
Use a mixtureof one-half clean water (preferably distilled) and one-half
antifreeze that meets “GM Specification6038-M,” or “GM Specification
6043-M’ with the 2.2L (LN2) Code 4 engine,which won’t damage
aluminum parts. You can also use a recycled coolant conforming
to “GM
Specification 603%”’ or “GM Specification 6043-M” with the 2.2L
(LN2) Code 4 engine.Use GM Coolant Supplement(Sealer) with a
complete coolantflush and refill. If you use this mixture, you don’t need to
add anything else.
6-21
NOTICE:
If you usean improper coolant mix, your engine couldoverheat
and be badly damaged.The repair cost wouldn’t be coveredby
your warranty. Too much water in the mix can freezeand crack
the engine, radiator, heater core and otherparts.
Some conditions, such as air trapped in the cooling system, can affect the
coolant level in the radiator. Check the coolant level when theengine is cold
and follow the steps under “Adding Coolant”for the proper way to add
coolant.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year, have your dealer
check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant, you don’t have toadd extra
inhibitors or additives which claim to improve
the system. These
can be harmful.
Adding Coolant
I
E
6-22
To Check Coolant
When your engine is cold,the coolant level should be at ADD, or a little
higher. When your engine iswarm, the level should be up to FULL HOT, or
a little higher.
To Add Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper mix at the coolant recovery tank.
Add coolant mix at the recovery tank, but be careful notto spill it.
Radiator Pressure Cap
NOTICE:
Your radiator cap is a15 psi (105 kPa) pressure-type cap and
must be tightly installed to prevent coolant loss and possible
engine damage from overheating. Be sure the arrows on the cap
line up with the overflow tube on the radiator filler neck.
6-23
When you replace
your radiator pressure
cap, a GM cap is
recommended. See
"Service Replacement
Part and Filter
Recommendations" in
the Index.
Thermostat
Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat in the engine
coolant system. The thermostat stops the flow of coolant through the
radiator until the coolant reachesa preset temperature.
When you replace your thermostat, an [email protected] is recommended.
Power Steering Fluid
A
il
6-24
How To Check Power SteeringFluid
When the engine compartment is cool, unscrew the cap and wipe the
dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then
remove the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark. Add enough fluid to bring
the level up to the mark.
A fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem. Have the system
inspected and repaired.
What to Add
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of fluid to use.
See "Recommended Fluids and Lubricants" in the Index.
NOTICE:
When adding power steering fluid or making a complete
fluid
change, always use the proper fluid. Failure
to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield washerfluid, be sure to read the manufacturer's
instructions before use. If you will be operating your vehicle in an area
where the temperature may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has
sufficient protection against freezing.
To Add
Open the cap labeled
WASHER FLUID
ONLY. Add washer
fluid until the tank is
full.
t
L
LL
t
6-25
NOTICE:
When using concentrated washerfluid, follow the
manufacturer’s instructions for adding water.
0
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid. Water can
cause the solution to freeze and damage your washer fluid
tank and other parts
of the washer system.Also, water
doesn’t cleanas well as washer fluid.
0
Fill your washer fluidtank only 314 full when it’s very cold.
This allows for expansion, which could damagethe tank if it is
completely full.
0
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your windshield washer.
It
can damage your washer system
and paint.
Brakes
Brake Master Cylinder
Your brake master cylinder is here. It is filled with DOT-3 brake fluid.
~~
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid levelin your master cylinder
might go down. The first is that the brake fluid goes down to an acceptable
level during normal brake lining wear. When new liningsare put in, the
fluid level goes backup. The other reason is that fluid is leakingout of the
brake system. If it is, you should have your brake systemfixed, since a leak
means that sooner or later your brakes won’t work well,or won’t work at
all. So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off’ your brake fluid. Addingbrake fluid
won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid when your linings are worn, then
you’ll have too much fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
6-26
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to check your brake
fluid. See “Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in the Index.
To Check Brake Fluid
You can check the brake fluid without taking off the cap. Just look at the
windows on the brake fluid reservoir. The fluid levels should be above MIN.
If they aren’t, have your brake system checked to see if there is a leak.
After work is done on the brake hydraulic system, make sure the levels are
above MIN and below the topof each window.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake fluid - sucn as
Delco Supreme I I (GM Part No. 1052535). Use new brake fluid from a
sealed container only, and always clean the brake fluidreservoir cap before
removing it.
@
6-27
NOTICE:
Don’t let someoneput in the wrong kind of fluid. For
example, just a few drops of mineral-based oil, suchas engine
oil, in your brake system can damage brake system parts so
badly that they’ll have to be replaced.
Brake fluid can damage paint, so be careful not to spill brake
fluid on your vehicle. If you do, washit off immediately. See
“Appearance Care” in theIndex.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has front disc brakes and rear drum brakes.
Disc brakepads have built-in wear indicators that make a high-pitched
warning sound when the brake pads are worn and new pads are needed. The
sound may come and go or beheard all the time your vehicle is moving
(except when you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly).
I NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads could result in
costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates may Cause a brake squeal when the
brakes are first applied or lightly applied. This does not mean something is
wrong with your brakes.
Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators, but if you ever hear a
rear brake rubbing noise, have the rear brake linings inspected. Also, the
rear brake drums should be removed and inspected each time the tires are
removed for rotation or changing. When you have the front brakes replaced,
have the rear brakes inspected, too.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete axle sets.
6-28
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to normal height, or if
there is a rapid increase in pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake
trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a brake stop, your disc brakes adjust for wear.
If your brake pedal goes downfarther than normal, your rear drum brakes
may need adjustment. Adjust them by backing up and firmly applying the
brakes a few times.
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a modern vehicle is complex. Its many parts have to
be of top quality and work well together if the vehicle is to have really good
braking. Vehicles we design and test have top-quality GM brake parts in
them, as your vehicle does when it is new. When you replace parts of your
braking system - for example, when your brake linings wear down and
you have to havenew ones put in - be sure you get new genuine GM
replacement parts. If youdon’t, your brakes may no longer work properly.
For example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong for your
vehicle, the balance between your front and rear brakes can change - for
the worse. The braking performance you’ve come to expect can change in
many other ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement brake parts.
Battery
Every new vehicle has a Delco [email protected] You never have to add
water to one of these. When it’s time for a new battery, werecommend a
Delco [email protected] Get onethat has the replacement number shown
on the original battery’s label.
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not going to driveyour vehicle for 25 days ormore, take off the
black, negative (-) cable fromthe battery. This will help keep your battery
from running down.
6-29
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle for longer storage
periods.
Bulb Replacement
Before you replace any bulbs, be sure that all the lamps are off and the
engine isn't running.
Sealed Beam Headlamps
1. Remove the
screws from the
headlamp
retainer.
6-30
2. Pull the headlamp
out and remove
the retainer.
3. Unplugand
remove the
headlamp.
4. Plug in the new headlamp and put it in place.
5. Put the retainer on the headlamp and install and tighten the screws.
Halogen Bulbs
6-31
Composite Headlamps
1. Open the hood.
2. Remove the black
protective caps
from the removal
pins at thetop of
the radiator
support. Use a
hex socket to
unscrew pins.
3. Pull the headlamp
lens assembly
out. (Some
vehicles may
have side by side
bulbs.)
4. Unplugthe
electrical
connector.
5. Turn the bulb
counterclockwise
to remove it.
6-32
6. Put the new bulb
into the headlamp
lens assembly
and turn it
clockwise until it
is tight.
7. Plug in the
electrical
connector.
8. Put the headlamp lens assembly back into the vehicle. Install and
tighten the screws.
Front Parlcrrurn SignalLamps (Composite and
Sealed Beam)
If you have fog lamps, the fog lamp bracket must be removed beforeyou
can replace the front park/turn signal lamps.
,,.:
:
;
. .
I . Reach under the
bumper and
behind the
parkinghrn
signal lamp
assembly.
2 . Push the tab on
the socket, turn
the socket
counterclockwise
and pull it out.
6-33
3. Holding the base
of the bulb, pull
the bulb straight
out of the socket.
4. Push the new bulb into the socket until it clicks.
5. Put the socket back into the parkinghum signal lamp assembly and turn
it clockwise until it locks in place.
Rear Lamps
1. Open the tailgate.
2. Remove the
screws from the
lamp assembly
near the tailgate
latch. Pull out the
assembly.
3. Pull the assembly
away from the
pickup side
panel.
4. Turn the socket
counterclockwise
to remove it.
Push the tab in
while you turn
the socket.
6-34
5. Pull the bulb out.
6. Push the new bulb into the socket.
7. Put the socket into the assembly and turn the socket clockwise until it
locks in place.
8. Replace the assembly. Install and tighten the screws.
9. Close the tailgate.
Center High Mounted Stop Lamp (CHMSL)
3. Remove the
CHMSL bulb.
4. Install the new
CHMSL bulb.
5. Replace the
CHMSL lens.
Install and tighten
the screws.
6-35
Other Maintenance Items
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
I NOTICE:
Use care when removing or installing a blade assembly.
Accidental bumpingcan cause the arm to fall back and strike
the windshield.
To Remove the Old Wiper Blade:
0
Lift the wiper arm until it locks into a vertical position.
1. Blade Assembly
2. Arm Assembly
3. Locking Tab
4. Blade Pivot
5 . Hook Slot
6. Arm Hook
Press down on the blade assembly pivot locking tab. Pull down on the
blade assembly to release it from the wiper arm hook.
Remove the insert from the blade assembly. The insert has two notches
at oneend that arelocked by bottom claws of the blade assembly. At
the notched end, pull the insert from the blade assembly.
To Install the New Wiper Blade:
Slide the insert (notched end last) into the blade claws at end “A”.
Plastic caps will be forced off as the insert is fully inserted.
1
1. End “A”
2. End “B”
3. Retaining Caps
4. Notch
6-37
Be sure that the notches are locked by the bottom claws. Make sure that
all other claws are properly locked on bothsides of the insert slots.
e
2
/
3
1. Claw in Notch
2. Correct Installation
3. Incorrect Installation
Put the blade assembly pivot in the wiper arm hook. Pull up untilthe
pivot locking tab locks in the hook slot.
0
Carefully lower the wiper arm and blade assembly onto the windshield.
Air Conditioning
Every now and then have your dealership check your air conditioning
system to be sure it has not lost any cooling ability. If you think the system
is not working properly, have your dealership check it out as soon as
possible.
The air conditioning will not work when the temperature is below40°F
(4°C).
6-38
Lock Cylinders
To be sure your locks operate properly, they must be lubricated.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how often to lubricate them
and what type of lubricant to use.
You should not use penetrating oils because they could wash out the factory
installed lubricant and cause thelock to bind. De-icers which contain
alcohol could also wash away the lubricant, so be sure to lubricate the lock
after using a de-icer of this type.
Exhaust System
To help prevent damage toyour exhaust system, do not continue to drive
your vehicle if you notice:
Engine misfiring
Loss of performance
Exhaust system components hanging lower than normal.
Loud exhaust system noises.
Other unusual operating conditions
Have your engine and exhaust system serviced regularly.
Three-way Catalytic Converter
Your vehicle’s three-way catalytic converter is designed to reduce the
pollutants in your vehicle’s exhaust. Use only unleaded fuel in your vehicle.
If you use leaded fuel, you could damage your three-way catalytic converter
and other enginecomponents.
Engine Control Module System
This system has an oxygen (02) sensor that helps keep your engine’s
air-fuel mixture at a proper level. Use only unleaded fuel in your vehicle. If
you use leaded fuel, you could damage your oxygen (02) sensor and affect
your vehicle’s emissions.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (SERVICE ENGINE
SOON)
This light on your instrument panel lets you know whenyour emission
system needs service. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the Index.
6-39
Tires
We don’t make tires. Your newvehicle comeswith high quality tires made
by a leadingtire manufacturer. These tires are warranted by the tire
manufacturers and their warranties are delivered with every new vehicle. If
your spare tire is a different brand than your roadtires, you will have a tire
warranty folder from each of these manufacturers.
Inflation - Tire Pressure
The CertificatiodTire label which is on the driver’s door lock pillar, shows
the correct inflation pressures for your tires, when they’re cold. “Cold”
means your vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours or driven no
more than a mile.
6-40
~~
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or overinflation is
all right. It’s not. If your tires don’t have enough air
(underinflation) you can get:
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
Bad wear
Bad handling
Bad fuel economy.
If your tires have too muchair (overinflati
can get
‘e
re
Unusual wear
Bad handling
Rough ride
Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tires once amonth or more. Also, check the tire pressure
of the
spare tire.
How to Check
Use a goodquality pocket-type gage to check tire pressure. Simply looking
at the tires will not tell you the pressure, especially if you have radial tires
- which may look properly inflated even if they’re underinflated.
If your tires have valve caps, be sure to put them back on. They help prevent
leaks by keeping outdirt and moisture.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be inspected every 6,000 to 8,000 miles (10 000 to 13 000 km)
for any signs of unusual wear. If unusual wear is present, rotate your tires as
soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires
or wheels. See“When it’s Time for New Tires” and “Wheel Replacement”
later in this section formore information.
6-41
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more uniform wear for all tires
on the vehicle. The first rotation is the most important. See“Scheduled
Maintenance Services”in the Index for scheduled rotation intervals.
FRT
D
FRT
I D
When rotating your
tires, always use one
of the correct rotation
patterns shown here.
[/[
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and rear inflation pressures
as shown on the CertificatiodTire label. Make certain that all wheel nuts are
properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in the Index.
6-42
When it’s Time for New Tires
Tread Wear
Indicators
One way to tell when
it’s time fornew tires
is to check the
treadwear indicators,
which will appear
when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6
mm) or less of tread
remaining.
You need a new tire if:
You can see theindicators at three or more places around the tire.
You can see cord or fabric showingthrough the tire’s rubber.
0
The tread or sidewallis cracked, cut or snagged deep enough to show
cord or fabric.
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut, or other damage
that can’t be repaired well
because of the size or locationof the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at the
Certificationmire label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had a Tire Performance
Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)number on each tire’s sidewall. When you
get new tires, get ones with that same TPC Specnumber. That way, your
vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed to give proper
endurance, handling,speed rating, traction, ride and other things during
normal service on your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPCnumber will be followed by an “MS” (for mud and snow).
If you ever replaceyour tires with those not having a TPC Spec number,
make sure they are the same size, load range, speed rating and construction
type (bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
6-43
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
The followinginformation relates to the system developed by the United
States National Highway Traffic Safety Administration which grades tires
by treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This applies only to
vehicles sold in the United States.)
Treadwear
The treadwear gradeis a comparativerating based on the wear rate of the
tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified government test
course. For example, tire
a graded 150 would wear one and a half (1 112)
times aswell on the government course as a tire graded 100. The relative
performance of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm due to variations in
driving habits, service practices and differences in road characteristics and
climate.
Traction -A, ByC
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are: A, B, and C. They represent
the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A
tire marked C may have poor traction performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking
(straight-ahead) traction tests and does not include cornering (turning)
traction.
Temperature - A, 9, C
The temperaturegrades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the tire’s
resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when
tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory test
wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause thematerial of the tire to
degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The gradeC corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet underthe Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratorytest wheel than the minimum required by
law.
6-44
Warning: The temperature grade forthis tire is established for tire
a that is
properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately in
or combination, can cause heat
buildup and possible tire failure.
These grades aremolded on the sidewallsof passenger car tires.
While thetires available as standard or optional equipment
on General
Motors vehiclesmay vary with respect to these grades,all such tires meet
General Motors performance standards
and have been approved for use on
General Motorsvehicles. All passenger type (P Metric) tires must conform
to Federal safety requirements in addition to these grades.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned
and balanced carefully at the
factory to giveyou the longesttire life and best overall performance.
In most cases, you will not need to have your wheels aligned again.
However, if you notice unusual tire wear or your vehicle pulling oneway or
the other, the alignmentmay need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smoothroad, your wheels may need to be
rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, orbadly rusted or corroded.If
wheel nuts keep comingloose, the wheel,wheel bolts, and wheel nuts
should be replaced. If the wheel leaks air, replace it (exceptsome aluminum
wheels, which can sometimesbe repaired). See your GM dealer if any of
these conditionsexist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the sameload carrying capacity, diameter,
width, offset, and be mounted the sameway as the oneit replaces.
If you need to replaceany of your wheels, wheel bolts, or wheel nuts,
replace themonly with new GM original equipment parts. This way, you
will be sureto have theright wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nuts for your
vehicle.
6-45
NOTICE:
The wrong wheelcan also cause problems with bearing life,
brake cooling, speedometer/odometer calibration, headlamp
aim, bumper height, vehicle ground clearance, and tire or tire
chain clearanceto the body and chassis.
Used Replacement Wheels
6-46
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
If your vehicle has P235/75R15, P235/70R15or
3lxl0.50R15LT/C size tires, don’t use tire chains; they can
damage your vehicle.
If you have other size tires, use tire chains only where legal
and
only when you must.Use only SAE Class “S” type chains that
are the proper size for your tires. Install them on the drive axle
tires (four-wheel-drive vehicles can use chains on both axles)
and tighten them as tightly as possible withthe ends securely
fastened. Driveslowly and follow the chain manufacturer’s
instructions. If you can hear thechains contacting your vehicle,
stop and retighten them. If the contact continues, slow down
until it stops. Driving toofast or spinning the wheels withchains
on willdamage your vehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some are toxic. Others can
burst into flameif you strike a match or getthem on a hot part of the
vehicle. Some aredangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your vehicle, be sure to
follow the manufacturer’s warnings and instructions. And always open your
doors or windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
6-47
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
0 Gasoline
0 Benzene
0
Naphtha
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
0
Lacquer Thinner
0
Nail Polish Remover
They canall be hazardous - some more than others - and they can all
damage your vehicle, too.
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can. In many uses, these
will damage your vehicle:
Alcohol
0
Laundry Soap
0
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Insideof Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose dirt. Wipe vinyl or
leather with a clean, damp cloth.
Your GM dealer has two GM cleaners, a solvent-type spot lifter and a
foam-type powdered cleaner. They willclean normal spots and stains very
well. Do not use them on vinyl or leather.
Here are some cleaningtips:
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
0
Clean up stains as soon as you can -before they set.
Use a cleancloth or sponge,and change to a clean area often. A soft
brush may be used if stains are stubborn.
Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area only. If you use
them, don’t saturate the stained area.
If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire areaimmediately or
it will set.
6-48
Using Foam-Type Cleaner on Fabric
Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask surrounding trim
along stitch or welt lines.
0
Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following thedirections on the
container label.
Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
Don’t saturate the material.
Don’t rub it roughly.
As soon as you’ve cleaned thesection, use a sponge toremove the
suds.
0
Rinse the sectionwith a clean, wet sponge.
0
Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper towel or cloth.
Then dry it immediately with a blow dryer or a heatlamp.
I NOTICE:
Be careful. A blow dryer may scorch the fabric.
0
Wipe with a clean cloth.
Using Solvent-Type Cleaner on Fabric
First, see if you have to use solvent-type cleaner at all. Some spotsand
stains will clean off better with just water and mild soap.
If you need to use a solvent:
Gently scrape excesssoil from the trim material with a clean, dull knife
or scraper. Use very little cleaner, light pressure and clean cloths
(preferably cheesecloth). Cleaningshould start at the outsideof the
stain, “feathering” toward the center. Keep changing to a cleansection
of the cloth.
0
When you clean a stain from fabric, immediately dry the area with a
blow dryer to help prevent a cleaning
ring. (See the previousNOTICE.)
6-49
Fabric Protection
Your vehicle has upholstery and carpet that has been treated with
Scotchgard" Fabric Protector, a 3M product. Scotchgard" protects fabrics
by repelling oil and water, whichare the carriers of most stains. Even with
this protection, you still need to clean your upholstery and carpet often to
keep it looking new.
Further information on cleaning is available by calline 1-800433-3296 (in
Minnesota, 1-800-642-6 167).
Special Cleaning Problems
Greasy or Oily Stains
Stains caused by grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe polish, coffee with
cream, chewing gum, cosmetic creams, vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and
asphalt can be removed as follows:
Carefully scrape off excess stain.
Follow the solvent-type instructions described earlier.
Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain if left on a vehicle
seat fabric. They should be removed as soon as possible. Be careful,
because the cleaner will dissolve them and may cause them to spread.
Non-Greasy Stains
Stains caused by catsup, coffee (black), egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft
drinks, wine, vomit, urine and blood can be removed asfollows:
Carefully scrapeoff excess stain, then sponge the soiled area with cool
water.
If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions described earlier.
If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat the area with a
waterhaking soda solution: I teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup
(250 ml) of lukewarm water.
If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner.
Combination Stains
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili sauce and unknown
stains can be removed as follows:
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with cool water and allow
to dry.
If a stain remains, clean it with solvent-type cleaner.
6-50
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You may have to do it
more than once.
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if you don’t get them
off quickly. Use a clean cloth and a solvent-type vinyl cleaner,
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap orsaddle soap.
For stubborn stains, use a mild solution of 10%isopropyl alcohol
(rubbing alcohol) and 90% water.
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive cleaners, furniture
polish or shoe polish on leather.
Soiled leather should be cleaned immediately. If dirt is allowed to work
into finish, it can harm the leather.
Cleaning thelop of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces of the instrument
panel. Sprays containing silicones or waxes may cause annoying reflections
in the windshield and even make it difficult to seethrough the windshield
under certain conditions.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
6-51
Glass
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner (GM Part No. 1050427)
or a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal tobacco smoke and
dust films.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may cause scratches.
Avoid placing decals on the inside rear window, since they may have to be
scraped off later.
Cleaning the Outsideof the Windshield and
Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield washer, or if the
wiper blade chatters when running, wax or other material may be onthe
blade or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with GM Windshield Cleaner, Bon-Ami
[email protected](GM Part No. 1050011). The windshield is clean if beads do not
form when you rinse it with water.
Clean the blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade with water.
Wiper blades should be checked on a regular basis and replaced when worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last longer, seal better, and
not stick or squeak. Apply silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every
six months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent application may
be required. (See “Recommended Fluids & Lubricants” in the Index.)
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth of color, gloss
retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep it clean by washing
it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun. Don’t use strong soaps
or chemical detergents. Use liquid hand, dish or car washing (mild
detergent) soaps. Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or that
contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents should be flushed promptly
and not allowed to dry on the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish
with a soft, clean chamois or a 100%cotton towel to avoid surface scratches
and water spotting.
High pressure vehicle washes may cause water to enter your vehicle.
6-52
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by hand may be
necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM
approved cleaning products from
your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and
Materials” in the Index.)
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint
finish. The clearcoat gives
more depth and gloss to the colored basecoat.Always use waxes and
polishes that are non-abrasive and made for a basecoatklearcoatpaint
finish.
NOTICE:
I
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on a
basecoatklearcoat paint finish
may dull the finish or leave swirl
marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride
and other salts, ice melting
agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird droppings, chemicals fromindustrial
chimneys, etc. can damageyour vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle assoon as possible. If necessary, use
non-abrasive cleaners that are marked safe for painted surfaces to remove
foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfacesare subject to aging, weather and chemical fallout
that can taketheir toll over aperiod of years. You can help to keep the paint
finish lookingnew by keeping your vehicle garaged or coveredwhenever
possible.
Protecting Exterior Bright Metal
Parts
Bright metalparts should be cleaned regularly to keep their luster. Washing
with water isall that is usually needed. However, you may use GM Chrome
Polish on chrome orstainless steel trim, if necessary.
Use special care with aluminum trim. To avoid damaging protective trim,
never use auto or chromepolish, steam orcaustic soap to clean aluminum.
A coatingof wax, rubbed to high polish, is recommended for all bright
metal parts.
Aluminum Wheels (If So Equipped)
Your aluminum wheels have a protective coating
similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps, chemicals, chrome
polish,
abrasive cleaners or abrasive cleaning brushes
on them because you could
damage this coating. After rinsing thoroughly, a wax may be applied.
6-53
NOTICE:
If you have aluminum wheels, don’t use an automatic vehicle
wash that has hard silicon carbide cleaning brushes. These
brushes can take the protective coating
off your aluminum
wheels.
Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
When applying a tire dressing always take careto wipe off any overspray or
splash from painted surfaces. Petroleum-based products may damage the
paint finish.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheetmetal repair or replacement,
make sure thebody repair shop applies anti-corrosion material to the parts
repaired or replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Foreign Material
Calcium chlorideand other salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree
sap, bird droppings, chemicals fromindustrial chimneys, and other foreign
matter can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted surfaces.
Use cleaners that are marked safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign
matter.
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratchesin the finish should be repaired
right away. Bare metal will corrode quickly and may develop into a major
repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches canbe repaired with touch-up materials available
from your dealer or otherservice outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can
be corrected in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
6-54
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for iceand snow removal and dust controlcan collect on
the underbody. If these are not removed, accelerated corrosion(rust) can
occur on the underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan, and
exhaust systemeven though they have corrosionprotection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain
water. Clean any areas where mud and other debris cancollect. Dirt packed
in closed areasof the frameshould be loosened before being flushed. Your
dealer oran underbody vehicle washing system can do this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditionscan create a chemicalfallout.
Airborne pollutants can fall upon and attack painted surfaces on your
vehicle. This damage can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM will repair, at no charge
to the owner, the surfacesof new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition
within 12 months or 12,000 miles(20 000 km) of purchase, whichever
comes first.
This applies only to materials manufactured and sold by General Motors.
Bodies, body conversions or equipment not made or sold by General Motors
are not covered.
6-55
Appearance Care Materials Chart
PART
NUMBER
1050172
DESCRIPTION
SIZE
16 oz. (0.473L) Tar and Road Oil
Remover
1050173
16 oz. (0.473L) Chrome Cleaner
and Polish
1050174
16 oz. (0.473L) White Sidewall Tire
Cleaner
32 oz. (0.946L)VinylLeather
Cleaner
1050214
USAGE
Removes old
waxes,
polishes, tar
and road oil
Removes rust
and corrosion
on chrome and
stainless steel
Cleans white
and black tires
Spot and stain
removal on
leather or vinyl
Spot and stain
removal on
cloth and fabric
Glass cleaning
and spot
cleaning on
vinyls
Cleans vinyl
and cloth on
door trim, seats,
and
carpet-also
tires and mats
1050244
16 oz. (0.473L)FabricCleaner
1050427
23 oz. (0.680L) Glass Cleaner
1050429
6lbs.(2.72kg)Multi-Purpose
Powder Cleaner
1050729
8 oz. (0.237L)VinylTopCleanerCleaning
1051055
16 oz. (0.473L)Preservatone
1051398
8 oz. (0.237L)SpotLifter
1052870
1050201
16 oz. (0.473L)Wash-Wax
(conc.)Exteriorwash
Exterior cleaner
16 oz. (0.473L)MagicMirror
and polish
Cleaner-Polish
of
vinyl tops
Vinyl top
dressing
Spot and stain
removal on
cloth andfabric
Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN)
0
TESTVNXX3XXQ09696
0
11
This isthe legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on a plate in the front
corner of the instrument panel,on the driver's side. You can see itif you
look through thewindshield from outsideyour vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts labels and the
certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth characterin your VIN is the engine code. This code
will help
you identify your engine, specifications, and replacementparts.
6-57
L
4-
W
n
I
I
n
6-58
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the inside of the glove box.
It’s very helpful if you ever need to order parts. On this label is:
your VIN,
0
the model designation,
0
paint information, and
0
a list of all production options and special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
Add-on Electrical Equipment
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electricalto your vehicle unlessyou check
with your dealer first. Some electrical equipment can damage
your vehicle and the damage wouldn’t be covered
by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to add anything
electrical to your vehicle, see “ServicingYour Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle”
in the Index.
*
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle areprotected from short circuits by a
combination of fuses, circuit breakers, and fusible thermal links in the
wiring itself. Thisgreatly reduces the chance of fires caused by electrical
problems.
6-59
Headlamps
The headlampwiring is protected by a circuit breaker in the light switch. An
electrical overload will cause the lights to go on and off, or in some cases to
remain off. If this happens, have your headlamp wiring checked right away.
Windshield Wipers
The windshield wiper motor is protected by a circuit breaker and a fuse. If
the motor overheats dueto heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the
motor cools. If the overload is caused by some electrical problem and not
snow, etc., be sureto get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers in the fusepanel protect the power windows andother
power accessories. When the current load is too heavy, the circuit breaker
opens and closes, protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed.
Trailer Wiring Harness
The optionalseven-wire trailer wiring harness is protected by an in-line
fuse in the battery feed wire. This fuseis near the junctionblock in the
front, driver’s side fender. See “Trailer Wiring Harness” in the Features &
Controls section.
Fuse Block
The fuseblock is in
the instrument panel
on the driver’s side.
Remove the cover by
turning the fastener
counterclockwise.
Then you can remove
fuses with a fuse
extractor. Extra fuses
are provided in the
cover.
. ..
..,
6-60
Be sure to use the
correct fuse.
Spare fusesare provided, however if you ever have a problem on the road
and don’t have a sparefuse, you can “borrow” oneof the correct value. Just
pick some featureof your vehicle that you can getalong without-like the
radio orcigarette lighter-and use its fuse, if it is of the value you need.
Replace it as soon as you can. See “Fusesand Circuit Breakers” in this
section.
To reinstall the fusepanel cover, push in and turn the fastener clockwise.
Capacities and Specification Charts
Replacement Parts
Replacement part numbers listed in this section are based on the latest
information availableat the timeof printing, and are subject to change.If a
part listed in this manual is not the same as the part used in your vehicle
when it was built, or if you have any questions, please contactyour GM
truck dealer.
Engine Ideniificafion
Engine
Type
VIN Code
Fuel Systems
Emissions
2.2L
L4
4
MPI*
LD
4.3L
V6
Z
4.3L
V6
W
m1**
CPI** *
LD
LD
*Multi-Port Fuel Injection
**Throttle-Body Fuel Injection
***Central-Port Fuel Injection
6-61
Wheel Nut Torque
TORQUE
95 ft. lbs. (130 Nom)
DESCRIPTION
Base or Optional Wheel
Cooling System Capacity
VIN
4
Z
ENGINE
2.2L
4.3L
4.3L
w
QUANTITY*
11.5 Quarts (11 Liters)
12.1 Quarts (1 1.5 Liters)
12.1 Quarts (11.5 Liters)
*All quantities are approximate. After refill, the level MUST be rechecked.
Crankcase Capacity
ENGINE
VIN CODE
2.2L
4
4.3L
z
4.3L
W
QUANTITY WITH
FILTER*
4.5 Quarts (4.3 Liters)
4.5 Quarts (4.3 Liters)
4.5 Quarts (4.3 Liters)
*All quantities are approximate. After refill, the level MUST be rechecked.
Fuel Tank Capacity
QUANTITY*
20 Gallons (76 Liters)
TYPE
Standard Tank
*All quantities are approximate.
6-62
Lamp and Bulb Data
LAMPS
EXTERIOR
Halogen Headlamps Sealed Beam
Halogen Headlamps Composite
Halogen Headlamps Composite
Backup Lamp
License Lamp(w/o
Bumper)
License Lamp (Step
Bumper)
Tail and Stop Lamps
QUANTITY
TRADE NO.
2
2El
2
2
9006 HB4
(Low Beam)
9005 HB3
(High Beam)
3057
2
194
2
194
2
3057
2
Marker Lamp-Front
194
Marker Lamp-Rear
194
3 157NA
Parking and Signal
Lamp
Underhood Lamp
93
CHMSL
211-2
Fog Lamp
INTERIOR
Ash Tray Lamp
Courtesy Lamp
Dome Lamp
Four-wheel Drive
Indicator
Heater & A/C Control
Glovebox
Compartment Lamp
Rearview Mirror
Lamps
Sunshade Vanity
Mirror Lamps
See GM Dealer
1
161
2
1
906
2 12-2
6
161
3
1
37
1003
2
2 12-2
4
74
6-63
INSTRUMENT CLUSTER LAMPS
NOTE: A PC part number indicates that the bulb and base are one
assembly and must be replaced as such.
LAMPS
Anti-lock Brake
Warning Indicator
Brake System Warning
Indicator
Check Gages Indicator
Daytime Running
Lamps Indicator
Charging System
Indicator
High Beam Indicator
Instrument Cluster
Illumination
Malfunction Indicator
Lamp (ServiceEngine
Soon)
Seat Belt Indicator
Turn Signal Indicator
Upshift Indicator
AIR BAG Indicator
QUANTITY
1
TRADE NO.
PC74
1
PC74
PC74
PC74
1
PC74
1
PC74
6
PC168
1
PC74
PC194
PC74
PC74
See GM Dealer
6-64
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
*c-7
P
8
2QA
ACCY
Fuse Legend
10 Amp -Red
15 Amp - Blue
20 Amp - Yellow
25 Amp - Clear
30 Amp - Green
6- 65
NAME
PWR ACCY
PWR WDO
STOP HA2
HORN DM
T/L CTSY
CIRCUITS PROTECTED
Power Door Locks, Power Seat, Power Seat Lumbar,
RKE
Power Windows
Stop Lamps, Hazard Lamps, Chime, CHMSL Relay,
CHMSL Lamp
Dome Lamps, Cargo Lamps, Visor Vanity Mirror,
Cigarette Lighter, Inside Rearview Mirror Lamp,
Overhead Console Lamps, Glove Box Lamp, Horns,
Horn Relay, IP Courtesy Lamps, Power Outside
Rearview Mirror, Liftglass Release Motor, Illuminated
Entry Module
Park Lamps, License Plate Lamps, Electric Shift
Transfer Case Module, Under Hood Lamp, Rear Wiper,
Fog Lamp Relay, Door Switch Lamp
6-66
NAME
GAUGES
ENG I
HTR A/C
PWR AUX
RR DEFOG
ECM BATT
ECM IGN
CIRCUITS PROTECTED
Alternator Field, VTC, A/C Compressor Relay, Cluster
Chime Module, DRL Relay Coil, Four-wheel Drive
Indictor Lamp, DRL Module, Rear Defog Timer, TCCM
Ignition, SIR Redundant Ignition, RKE Ignition
0 2 Sensor Heat Dr, EGR, Cam Sensor, CANN, Purge
Heater-A/C Blower Motor, Temperature Door Motor,
A/C Compressor Clutch, HI Blower Relay Coil, Timer
Relay Coil
Power Auxiliary Outlets, ALDL
Rear Window Defogger
PCMNCM Battery, ABS Battery (LN2), Fuel Pump
PCM/VCM Ignition, Injectors, Crank Sensor, Coil
Driver Module
6-67
NAME
RADIO
RDO BATT
ILLUM
DRL
TURN-B/U
CIRCUITS PROTECTED
Radio, Inside Rearview Mirror Map Lamp, Overhead
Console Reading Lamps, Rear Wiper, Rear Washer,
Overhead Console Display
Clock, Radio Battery, CD Player
Cluster Illumination, Ash Tray Lamp,Radio
Illumination, Heater Lamp, Four-wheel Drive
Illumination, Chime Module, Fog Lamp Illumination,
Rear Wiper Switch, Rear Defog Switch Illumination,
Lift Glass Release Switch Illumination, Overhead
Console Illumination
Daytime Running Lamps
Turn Signal and Back-up Lamps
6-68
NAME
WIPER
BRAKE
4WD
CRANK
FOG
AIR BAG
TRANS
PRNDL
CIRCUITS PROTECTED
Windshield Washer, Windshield Wiper Motor
DRAC, Anti-Lock Braking System, CruiseControl
Electric Shift Transfer Case
Crank Signal
Fog Lamp Relay, Fog Lamps
Air Bag Module
4L60E Automatic Transmission
PRNDL Power
Service Replacement Part and Filter
Recommendations
Engine (VIN)
2.2L (4)
Oil Filter
PF47
Air Cleaner
Filter
PCV Valve
A1163C
4.3L (Z)
PF52
A773C
4.3L (W)
PF52
A1163C
cv9ooc
CV789C
cv774c
Spark Plugs*
2457 49 12
.CR43TSM
.CR43TSM
Fuel Filter
GF48 1
GF48 1
GF48 1
Radiator Cap
RC27
RC27
RC27
*Use copper-cored resistor type spark plugs.
6-69
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same. If the air conditioning
system in your vehicle needs refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is
used. If you’re not sure, ask your GM dealer. For additional information, see
your “Warranty and Owner Assistance Information”booklet.
Air Conditioning Refrigerant Capacity
TYPE
R-134a
QUANTITY*
30 oz. ( 3 5 kg) or 2.0 lbs. (.91 kg)
*All quantities are approximate.
NOTICE:
R-134a refrigerant is not compatible with R-12 refrigerant in
an air conditioning system. R-12 in an R-134a system will cause
compressor failure, refrigerant oil sludge, or poor air
conditioning system performance.
6-70
Maintenance Schedule
Section
IMPORTANT:
7
KEEP ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGE
AS RECOMMENDED
This section covers the maintenance required for your vehicle. Your vehicle
needs these services to retain its safety, dependability and emission control
performance.
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan.? The Plan sctpplem.ent,sy o ~ ~ r
new vehicle warranties. See your GM dealerafordetuils.
Introduction
Your Vehicle and the
~
vironment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your vehicle in good
working condition, but also helps the environment. All recommended
maintenance procedures are important. Improper vehicle maintenance or the
removal of important components can significantly affect the quality of the
air we breathe. Improper fluid levels or even the wrong tire inflation can
increase the level of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to help keep your vehicle in good condition, please
maintain your vehicle properly.
7-1
How This Section is Organized
The remainder of this section is dividedinto five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services”
shows what to have done and
how often. Some of these services can be complex, so unless you are
technically qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should let your
dealer’s service department or another qualified service centerdo these jobs.
If you are skilled enough to do some work on your vehicle, you will
probably want to get the service information GM publishes. See “Service
Publications” in the Index.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services”tells you what should be checked
whenever you stop for fuel. It also explains what you can easily do to help
keep your vehicle in good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections”
explains important
inspections that your GM dealer’s service department or another qualified
service center should perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”lists some products GM
recommends to help keep your vehicle properly maintained. These products,
or their equivalents, should be used whether youdo the work yourselfor
have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record”provides a place for you to record the
maintenance performed on your vehicle. Whenever any maintenance is
performed, be sure to write it down in this part. This will help you
determine when your next maintenance should be done. In addition,it is a
good idea to keep your maintenance receipts. They maybe needed to
qualify your vehicle for warranty repairs.
7-2
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your vehicle in good working
condition. But we don’t know exactly how you’ll drive it. You may drive
very short distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive long
distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather. You may use your vehicle
in making deliveries. Or you may drive it to work, to do errands or in many
other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their GM vehicles, maintenance
needs vary. You may even need more frequent checks and replacements than
you’ll find in the schedules in this section. So please read this section and
note how you drive. If you have any questions on how to keep your vehicle
in good condition, see your GM dealer.
This part tells you the maintenance services you should have done and when
you should schedule them. If you go to your dealer for your service needs,
you’ll know that GM-trained and supported service people will perform the
work using genuine GM parts.
The proper fluids andlubricants to use are listed in Part D. Make sure
whoever services your vehicle uses these. All parts should be replaced and
all necessary repairs done before you or anyone else drives the vehicle.
These schedules are for vehicles that:
a carry passengers and cargo within recommended limits. You will find
these limits on your vehicle’s CertificatiodTire label. See “Loading
Your Vehicle” in the Index.
0
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal driving limits.
a are driven off-road in the recommended manner. See “Off Road
Driving With Your Four-wheel Drive Vehicle” in the Index.
a use the recommended unleaded fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
7-3
Selecting the Right Schedule
First you’ll need to decide which of the two schedules is right for your
vehicle. Here’s how to decide which schedule to follow:
I Schedule
I
Follow Maintenance ScheduleI if any one of these is true for your vehicle:
0
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km). This is particularly
important when outside temperatures are below freezing.
0
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent driving in
stop-and-go traffic).
0
You operate your vehicle in dusty areas or off-road frequently.
0
You frequently tow a trailer.
Schedule I should also be followed if the vehicle is used for delivery
service, police, taxi, or other commercial application.
I Schedule I Intervals
I
Every 3,000 Miles (5000 km) or 3 Months
Engine Oil and Filter Change
Chassis Lubrication
Drive Axle Service
At 6,000 Miles (10 OOO km)
- Then Every 12,000 Miles (25 OOO km)
Tire Rotation
Every 15,000 Miles (25000 km)
Air Cleaner Filter Inspection, if driving in dusty conditions
Front Wheel Bearing Repack (or at each brake relining) (2WD Only)
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
Air Cleaner Filter Replacement
Spark Plug Replacement (Except 2.2L Code 4 engine)
Fuel Filter Replacement
Cooling System Service (or every 24 months)
7-4
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
Automatic Transmission Service (severe conditions)
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection
Spark Plug Wire Inspection
Engine TimingCheck
Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection
-
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
Spark Plug Replacement (2.2L Code4 engine Only)
Schedule /I Definition
Follow Schedule I1 only if none of the conditions from Schedule I is true.
I
Schedule I1 Intervals
Every 7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
Engine Oil and Filter Change (or every 12 months)
Chassis Lubrication (orevery 12 months)
Drive Axle Service
At 7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
- Then Every 15,000 Miles (25000 km)
Tire Rotation
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
Cooling System Service(or every 24 months)
Spark Plug Replacement (Except 2.2L Code 4 engine)
Fuel Filter Replacement
Air Cleaner Filter Replacement
Front Wheel Bearing Repack (2-Wheel Drive Only)
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
Automatic Transmission Service (severe conditions)
7-5
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
Spark Plug Wire Inspection
Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection
Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection
Engine Timing Check
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
Spark Plug Replacement (2.2L Code 4 engine only)
I Maintenance Schedule I
I
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles (166 000 km)
should be performed after 100,000 miles ( 166 000 km) at thesame intervals.
Footnotes
3- The California Air Resources Board has determined thatthe failure to
perform this maintenance item will not nullify the emission warranty or
limit recall liability prior tothe completion of vehicle useful life.We,
however, urge that all recommended maintenance services be performedat
the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded.
** Drive axle service:
0
Locking Differential - Drain fluid and refill at first engine oil change.
At subsequent oil changes, check fluid level and addfluid as needed. If
driving in dusty areas or towing a trailer, drain fluid and refill every
15,000 miles (25 000 km).
Standard Differential - Check fluid level and add fluid as needed at
every oil change. If driving in dusty areas or towing a trailer, drain
fluid and refill every 15,000miles (25 000 km).
More frequent lubrication may be required for heavy-duty or off-road
use.
7-6
Maintenance Schedule I
9,000 Miles (15 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichev&occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brakecable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
DATE
**
BY:
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
J
12,000 Miles (20 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occucs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brakecable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs(or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
**
BY:
I
Maintenance Schedule I
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions. Replace
filter if necessary. An Emission Control Service.
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluidas needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
**
For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
18,000 Miles (30 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-9
SERVICED B Y
I Maintenance Schedule I
21,000 Miles (35000 km)
17
Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 monrns, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. **
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
StdVICED BY:
I
24,000 Miles (40 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. **
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7- 10
SERVICED B Y
I Maintenance Schedule I
27,000 Miles (45 000 km)
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
c
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever OCCuri
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap. An Emission Control
Sewice.
0 For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
(Continued)
7-11
i
I Maintenance Schedule I
(Continued)
0 Replace spark plugs (except 2.2L Code 4 engine). An Emission Control
Service.
0 Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace air cleaner filter. Replace filter more often under dusty
conditions. An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
I
SERVICED BY:
I
33,000 Miles (55 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7- 12
I
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
36,000 Miles (60 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
39,000 Miles (65 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.*:k
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
I
7- 13
SERVICED BY:
I
Maintenance Schedule I
42,000 Miles (70 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brakecable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, andclutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Indexfor proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brakecable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs(or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0 Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions. Replace
filter if necessary. An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-14
SERVICED B Y
I
Maintenance Schedule I
48,000 Miles (80 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0 Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly
driven under one or more of these conditions:
-
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
-
When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not
useyour vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid
andfilter do not require changing.
Manual transmission fluid doesn’t require change.
I
DATE
I
-.
ACTUALMILEAGE
7-15
SERVICED B Y
I Maintenance Schedule I
51,000 Miles (85 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case’ shift linkage, parking brakecable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedalsprings (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
A
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
54,000 Miles (90 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs(or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluidas needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
7- 16
Maintenance Schedule I
57,000 Miles (95 000 km)
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.q:*
-
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking?
0 For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0 Inspect engine accessory drive belt. An Emission Control Service.
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap. An Emission Control
Service.
0 Replace spark plugs (except 2.2L Code 4 engine). An Emission Control
Service.
(Continued)
7- 17
Maintenance Schedule I
(Continued)
0 Inspect spark plug wires. An Emission Control Service. f
0 Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control Service.
Replace air cleaner filter. Replace filter more often under dl
conditions. An Emission Control Service.
J
0 Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage or leaks. Inspect fuel cap
gasket for any damage. Replace parts as needed. An Emission Control
Service.
-
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
L
63,000 Miles (105 000 km)
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
‘7-18
SERVICED BY:
Maintenance Schedule I
66,000 Miles (110 000km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant.velocity jointsand axle seals for leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
69,000 Miles (115 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
CI
Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
7- 19
SERVICED BY:
Maintenance Schedule I
72,000 Miles (120 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs(or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
I
I
SERVICED BY:
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brakecable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs(or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brakerelining, whichever occurs first).
Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions. Replace
filter if necessary. An Emission Control Service.
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluidas needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
7-20
I
SERVICED BY:
I
--_
~
Maintenance Schedule I
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
I
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
81,000 Miles (135 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Sewice.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-21
SERVICED BY:
1
I MaintenanceSchedule
I
84,000 Miles (140 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
87,000 Miles (145 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
7-22
I
Maintenance ScheduleI
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.**
0 For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap. An Emission Control
Service.
0 Replace spark plugs (except 2.2L Code 4 engine). An Emission Control
Service.
0 Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace air cleaner filter. Replace filter more often under dusty
conditions. An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
-
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
;
7-23
SERVICED BY:
93,000 Miles (155 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brakecable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs(or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
I
SERVICED BY:
96,000 Miles (160 000km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brakecable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedalsprings (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE SERVICED
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-24
BY:
I
Maintenance Schedule I
99,000 Miles (165 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides,propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (orevery
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
0 Replace spark plugs (2.2L Code 4 engine only). An Emission Control
Service.
0 Change automatictransmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly
driven under one ormore of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside temperatureregularly
reaches 90°F (32°C) orhigher.
-
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
-
When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
I f y o u do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid
and filter do nor require changing.
Manual transmission fluid doesn’t require change.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-25
BY.
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles (166 000 km)
should be performed after 100,000 miles (166 000 km) at the sameintervals.
~~~
Footnotes
-f The California Air Resources Board has determined that the failure to
perform this maintenance item will not nullify the emission warranty or
limit recall liability prior to the completion of vehicle useful life. We,
however, urge that all recommended maintenance services be performed at
the indicated intervals and the maintenancebe recorded.
** Drive axle service:
0
Locking Differential - Drain fluid and refill at first engine oil change.
At subsequent oil changes, check fluid level and add fluidas needed. If
driving in dusty areas or towing a trailer, drain fluid and refill every
15,000miles (25 000 km).
Standard Differential - Check fluid level and add fluid as needed at
every engine oil change. If driving in dusty areas or towing a trailer,
drain fluid and refill every 15,000 miles (25 000 km).
More frequent lubrication may be required for heavy-duty or off-road
use.
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs(or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
I7 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Maintenance Schedule II
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
I
SERVICED BY:
I
22,500 Miles (37500 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluidas needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
_ .
~-
7-27
SERVICED BY:
Maintenance Schedule II
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs(or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressurecap. An Emission Control
Service.
Replace spark plugs (except 2.2L Code 4 engine). An Emission Control
Service.
0 Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
L
L
7-28
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
’7 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
i
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-29
BY:
I Maintenance Schedule II
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0 Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly
driven under one ormore of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90°F (32°C) orhigher.
-
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid
and filter do not require changing.
Manual transmission fluid doesn’t require change.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brakecable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, andclutch pedal springs (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Indexfor proper
rotation pattern and additionalinformation.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-30
SERVICED BY:
Maintenance ScheduleI I
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0 Inspect engine accessory drive belt. An Emission Control Service.
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). See “Engine Coolant’’ in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap. An Emission Control
Service.
0 Replace spark plugs (except 2.2L Code 4 engine). An Emission Control
Service.
Inspect spark plug wires. An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage or leaks. Inspect fuel cap
gasket for any damage. Replace parts as needed. An Emission Control
Service.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-31
SERVICED BY:
I Maintenance Schedule II
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brakecable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE SERVICED BY: ACTUAL MILEAGE
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs(or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE SERVICED BY: ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-32
Maintenance Schedule II
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, andclutch pedal springs (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
17
For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whicheveroccurs first).
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap. An Emission Control
Service.
(Continued)
7-33
Maintenance Schedule II
(Continued)
0 Replace spark plugs (except 2.2L Code 4 engine). An Emission Control
Service.
17
Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control Service.
I7 Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage or leaks. Inspect fuel cap
gasket for any damage. Replace parts as needed. An Emission Control
Service.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY
L
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints, brake pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
~
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY
I
Kaintenance Schedule II
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
0 Replace spark plugs (2.2L Code 4 engine only). An Emission Control
Service.
0 Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly
driven under one ormore of these conditions:
-
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
-
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
-
When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, the-fluid
and-filterdo not require changing.
I f y o ~d
lo
Manual transmission fluid doesn’t require change.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
;
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Listed below are owner checks and services which should be performed at
the intervals specified to help ensure the safety, dependability and emission
control performance of your vehicle.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once. Whenever any fluids
or lubricants are added to your vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones,
as shown in Part D.
At Each Fuel Fill
It isimportant for you or a service station attendant to p e ~ o r m
these
underhood checks at each.fueE.fil1.
Engine Oil Level
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if necessary. See “Engine
Oil” in the Index for further details.
7-35
Engine Coolant Level
Check the engine coolant level and add the propercoolant mix if necessary.
See “Coolant” in the Index for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level
Check the windshield washer fluid level inthe windshield washer tank and
add the proper fluidif necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid”in the
Index for further details.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation
Check tire inflation. Make sure tires are inflated to the pressures specified
on the CertificatiodTire label located on the driver’s door lock pillar. See
“Tires” in the Indexfor further details.
Cassette Deck
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every 50 hours of tape play.
See “Audio Systems” in the Index for further details.
At Least Four Times a Year
Tailgate Lubrication
Lubricate tailgate latch bolt, handle assembly pivot points, and hinges with
lubricant recommended in Part D. Lubricate every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) if
following schedule I or every 7,500 miles (1 2 500 km) if following schedule
11.
At Least Once aYear
Key Lock Cylinders
Lubricate the key lockcylinders with the lubricant specified in Part D.
Body Lubrication
Lubricate all body door hinges,the body hood, fuel door and rear
compartment hinges, latches and locks including interior glovebox and
console doors, and any moving seat hardware. Lubricate the hood safety
lever pivot and prop rod pivot. PartD tells you what to use. More frequent
lubrication may be required when exposedto a corrosive environment.
7-36
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake(see “Parking Brake” in the Index
if necessary) and the regular brake.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to turn off the
engine immediately if it starts.
3. On automatic transmission vehicles, try to start the engine in each gear.
The starter should work only in PARK (P) orNEUTRAL (N). If the
starter works in any other position, your vehicle needs service.
On manual transmission vehicles, put the shift lever in NEUTRAL (N),
push the clutch down halfway and try to start the engine. The starter
should work only when theclutch is pushed down all the way to the
floor. If the starter works when the clutch isn’t pushed all the way
down, your vehicle needs service.
Steering ColumnLock
While parked, and with the parking brakeset, try to turn the key to LOCK
in each shift lever position.
With an automatic transmission, the key should turn to LOCK only
when the shift lever is in PARK (P).
With a manual transmission, the key should turn to LOCK only when
the shift lever is in REVERSE (R).
On vehicles with a key release button, try to turn the key to LOCK without
pressing the button. The key should turn to LOCK only with the key button
depressed.
On all vehicles, the key should come out only in LOCK.
7-37
Parking Brake and Automatic Transmission
PARK (P)
Mechanism Check
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing downhill. Keeping your
foot on the regular brake, set the parking brake.
I
To check the parking brake: With the engine running and transmission
in NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking brake only.
0
~
To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability: Shift to PARK
(P). Then release all brakes.
Lap and Shoulder Belts Condition and Operation
Inspect belt system, including: webbing, buckles, latch plates, retractors,
guide loops and anchors. Have a belt assembly replaced if the webbing has
been cut or otherwise damaged.
Part C; Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Listed below are inspections and services which should be performed at
least twice a year (for instance, each spring and fall). You should let your
GM dealer’s service department or other qualified service center do these
jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Steering and Suspension Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering system for damaged,
loose or missing parts, signs of wear, or lack of lubrication. Inspect power
steering lines and hoses for proper hookup, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc.
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect
the body near the exhaust
system. Look for broken, damaged,missing or out-of-position parts as well
as open seams, holes, loose connections, or other conditions
which could
cause aheat build-up in the floor pan or could let exhaust fumesinto the
vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust”in the Index.
Accelerator Control System
Lubricate all pivot points with engine oil, exceptthe TBI throttle shaft. Do
not lubricate the cam pulley. Remove all external deposits from pulley. Do
not oil any accelerator or cruisecontrol cables. Replace any cables that have
high effort or excessivewear.
Drive Axle Service
Check readfront axle fluid level and add as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking.
Transfer Case(Four- Wheel Drive) Inspection
Every 12 months or at oil change intervals, check front axle and transfer
case and add lubricant when necessary. Oil the control lever pivotpoint and
all exposed control linkage. Check vent hose at transfer case forkinks and
proper installation. More frequent lubrication may be required on off-road
use.
7-39
Part D: Recommended Fluids andLubricants
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below by name, part number or
specification may be obtained from yourGM dealer.
USAGE
Engine Oil
Engine Coolant
Coolant Supplement
Hydraulic Brake System
Hydraulic Clutch System
Power Steering System
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Engine oil with the American Petroleum Institute Certified ForGasoline Engines “Starburst” symbol of
the proper viscosity.To determine
the preferred viscosity for your vehicle’s engine, see “Engine Oil” in
the Index.
Mixture of water anda good quality
ethylene glycol base antifreeze conforming to GM Specification
6038-M (4.3L) or GM Specification 6043-M (2.2L).
GM Part No. 3634621 or equivalent
with a complete flush and refill.
Delco Supreme 1 1 Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052535 or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
@
Hydraulic Clutch Fluid (GM Part
No. 12345347 or equivalent).
GM Power Steering Fluid (GM Part
No. 105001 7 or equivalent) conforming to GM Specification
99850 IO.
Manual Transmission (2.2L Engine) [email protected] Automatic Transmission Fluid.
Manual Transmission (4.3L Engine) Synchromesh Transmission Fluid
(GM Part No. I2345349 or equivalent).
[email protected] Automatic TransAutomatic Transmission
mission Fluid.
Lubricate with Multi-Purpose LuKey Lock Cylinders
bricant (GM Part No. 12345120) or
synthetic SAE SW-30 engine oil.
7-40
USAGE
Chassis Lubrication
Front Wheel Bearings
Differential, Standard, Front and
Rear Axle
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Chassis lubricant (GM Part No.
1052497 or equivalent) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI
Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB.
Wheel bearing lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI Grade 2,
Category GC or GC-LB (GM Part
No. 105 1344 or equivalent).
Axle Lubricant (GM Part No.
1052271) or SAESOW-90 GL-5
Gear Lubricant.
Differential, Locking
Axle Lubricant (GM Part No.
1052271) or SAE SOW-90 GL-5
Gear Lubricant.
Transfer Case
[email protected] Automatic Transmission Fluid.
Chassis lubricant meeting requirements of NLGI Grade 2, Category
LB or GC-LB (GM Part No.
1052497).
Column Shift
Windshield Washer Solvent
GM [email protected] Solvent
(GM Part No. 105 1515) or equivalent.
Transfer Case Shift Lever, Propeller Chassis lubricant (GM Part No.
Shaft Slip Splinesand Universal
I052497 or equivalent) or lubricant
Joints
meeting requirements of NLGl
Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB.
Clutch Pushrod to Clutch Fork Joint Chassis lubricant (GM Part No.
1052497 or equivalent) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI
Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB.
Chassis lubricant (GM PartNo.
Constant VelocityUniversal Joint
1052497 or equivalent) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI
Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB.
Hood Latch Assembly
a. Pivots and Spring Anchor
a. Engine oil.
b. Release Pawl
b. Chassis lubricant (GM Part No.
1052497 or equivalent) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGT
Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB.
7-41
USAGE
Weatherstrip
FLUILULUBRICANT
Tailgate Handle Pivot Points,
Hinges, Latch Bolt, andLinkage
Multi-purpose lubricant meeting
requirements of GM Part No.
9985 164.
Weather Strips
Spray-A-Squeak (GM Part No.
1052277).
Gas Line De-Icer (GM Part No.
1051516).
Gas Line
Silicone grease (GM Part No.
1052863) or equivalent.
See “Specifications Chart” in the Indexfor recommended replacement
filters, valves and spark plugs.
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer
reading and who performed the service in the boxes provided afterthe
maintenance interval. Any additional information from “Owner Checks and
Services” or “Periodic Maintenance” can be added on the following record
pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.Your owner
information portfolio is a convenient place to store them.
7-42
Maintenance Record
TO001
7-43
TOO01
Customer AssistanceInformation
Section
Here you will find out how to contact Chevrolet if you need assistance. This
section also tells you how to obtain service publications and how to report
any safety defects.
This section includes information on: The Customer Satisfaction Procedure,
Customer Assistance for Hearing or Speech Impaired, BBB Auto Line Alternative Dispute Resolution Program, Reporting Safety Defects,
Roadside Assistance, and Service Publications.
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your dealer and Chevrolet.
Normally, any concern with the sales transaction or the operation of your
vehicle will be resolved by your dealer’s Sales or Service Departments.
Sometimes, however, despite the best intentions of all concerned,
misunderstandings can occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE - Discuss your concern with a member of dealership
management. Normally, concerns can be quickly resolved at thatlevel. If
the matter has already been reviewed with theSales, Service, or Parts
Manager, contact the owner of the dealership or the General Manager.
8-1
STEP TWO - If after contacting a member of dealership management, it
appears your concern cannotbe resolved by the dealership without further
help, contact the Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center by calling
1-800-222-1020. In Canada, contact GM of Canada Customer Assistance
Center in Oshawa by calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or
1-800-263-7854 (French).
In Mexico, call (525) 254-3777. In Puerto Rico, call 1-800-496-9992
(English) or 1-800-496-9993 (Spanish). In the U.S. Virgin Islands, call
1-800-496-9994. In other overseas locations, contact GM North American
Export Sales in Canada by calling 1-905-644-41 12.
For prompt assistance, please have the following information available to
give theCustomer Assistance Representative:
0
Your name, address, home and business telephone numbers
0
Vehicle Identification Number (This is available from the vehicle
registration or title, or the plate at the left top of the instrument panel
and visible through the windshield.)
Dealership name and location
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
Nature of concern
We encourage you to call the toll free number listed previously in order to
give your inquiry prompt attention. However, if you wish to write
Chevrolet, write to:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P. 0. Box 7047
Troy, MI 48007-7047
Refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet for
addresses of Canadian and GM Overseas offices.
When contacting Chevrolet,please remember that your concern will likely
be resolved in the dealership, using the dealership’s facilities, equipment
and personnel. That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you have
a concern.
8-2
Customer Assistancefor the Hearing or
Speech Impaired(TDD)
To assist customers who have hearing difficulties, Chevrolet has installed
special TDD (Telecommunication Devices for the Deaf) equipment at its
Customer Assistance Center. Any hearing or speech impaired customer who
has access to a TDD or conventional
a
teletypewriter (TTY) can
communicate with Chevrolet by dialing: 1-800-TDD-CHEV
(1-800-833-2438). (TDD users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
GM Participation inBBB AUTO LINE Alternative Dispute Resolution Program
*
4’Thisprogram may not be available in all states, depending on state law.
Canadian owners refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance Information
booklet. General Motors reserves the right to change eligibility limitations
and/or to discontinue its participation in this program.
Both Chevrolet and your Chevrolet dealer are committed to making sure
you are completely satisfied with your new vehicle. Our experience has
shown that, if a situation arises where you feel your concern has not been
adequately addressed, the Customer Satisfaction Procedure described earlier
in this section is very successful.
There may be instances where an impartial third-party can assist in arriving
at a solution to a disagreement regarding vehicle repairs or interpretation of
the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. To assist in resolving these
disagreements, Chevrolet voluntarily participates in BBB AUTO LINE.
BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program administered by the Better
Business Bureau system to settle disputes between customers and
automobile manufacturers. This program is available free of charge to
customers who currently own or lease a GM vehicle.
If you are not satisfied after following the Customer Satisfaction Procedure,
you may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone number, or write
them at the following address:
BBB AUTO LINE
Council of Better Business Bureaus
4200 WilsonBoulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203
Telephone: 1-800-955-5 100
8-3
To file a claim, you will be asked to provide your name and address,your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN), anda statement of the nature of your
complaint. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age and mileage, and other
factors.
We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction Procedure before you resort
to AUTO LINE, but you may contact the BBB at any time. The BBB will
attempt to resolve the complaint serving as an intermediary between you
and Chevrolet. If this mediation is unsuccessful, an informal hearing will be
scheduled where eligible customers may present their case to an impartial
third-party arbitrator.
The arbitrator will make a decision which you may accept or reject. If you
accept the decision, GM will be bound by that decision. The entire dispute
resolution procedure should ordinarily take about forty days from the time
you file a claim until a decision is made.
Some state laws may require you to use this program before filing a claim
with a state-run arbitration program or in the courts. For further
information, contact the BBB at 1-800-955-5 100 or the Chevrolet
Customer Assistance Center at 1-800-222-1 020.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO THE
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which couldcause a crash or
could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to notifying
General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, andif
it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall
and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer, or General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at
1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safetyfrom the
Hotline.
8-4
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TOTh
CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle hasa safety defect,
you should immediately notify Transport Canada, in addition to notifying
General Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
Box 8880
Ottawa, Ontario K l G 352.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO
GENERAL MOTORS
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in a situation like
this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us. Please call us at 1-800-222-1 020,
or write:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P. 0. Box 7047
Troy, MI 48007-7047
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777
(French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1 H 8P7
8-5
(English) or 1-800-263-7854
Chevrolet Roadside AssistanceProgram
To enhance Chevrolet’s strong commitment to customer satisfaction,
Chevrolet is excited to provide the services of theChevrolet/Geo Roadside
Assistance Center.
24-Hour Roadside Assistance Number
Roadside Assistance is available 24 hours a day,365 days a year, by calling
1-800-CHEV USA (1-800-243-8872). The call is toll-free and warranty
repairs are covered at no cost. Additional services arranged by the Roadside
representative may entail charges, and those charges, if any, will be fully
explained to you before you authorize us to actin your behalf. Trained
representatives are available to help you solve your problem or coordinate a
variety of qualityservices through Chevrolet’s dealer network and their
preferred service providers. The following services are available:
Towing
0
Locksmith
0
Tire repair
Rental car or taxi
0
Additional services as necessary
For prompt assistance when calling, please have the following available to
give to the representative:
0
Vehicle Identification Number
0
License plate number
0
Vehicle color
Vehiclelocation
0
Telephone number where you can be reached
Vehiclemileage
0
Description of the problem
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive Roadside Assistance
program accessible from anywhere in Canada or the U.S.A. Please refer to
the separate brochure provided by the dealer or call 1-800-268-6800 for
emergency services.
8-6
Courtesy Transportation
Chevrolet/Geo offers Courtesy Transportation for customers needing
warranty service. Courtesy Transportation will be offered in conjunction
with the coverage provided by the BUMPER TO BUMPER New Vehicle
Limited Warranty to retail purchasers of 1995 Chevrolet/Geo passenger car
and light duty trucks (please see your selling dealer for details).
COURTESY TRANSPORTATIONINCLUDES:
0
One way SHUTTLE RIDE for any warranty repair completed during
the same day.
Up to $30 maximum daily VEHICLE RENTAL allowance for any
overnight warranty repair up to 5 day, OR
Up to $30 maximum daily CAB, BUS, or OTHER transportation
allowance in lieu of rental for any overnight warranty repair up to 5
day, OR
Up to $10 daily FUEL allowance for rides provided by another person
(i.e., friend, neighbor, etc.) in lieu of rental for any overnight warranty
repair up to 5 days.
Note: All Courtesy Transportation arrangements will be administered
by your Chevrolet/Geo dealership service management. Claim amount
should reflect all actual costs.
The Chevrolet/Geo Courtesy Transportation Program is not part of the
BUMPER TO BUMPER New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Chevrolet/Geo reserves the right to make any changes or discontinue
the Courtesy Transportation Program at any time without notification.
For additional program details contact your Chevrolet/Geo dealer.
In Canada,please consult your GM dealer for information on courtesy
transportation.
The Roadside Assistance Center uses companies that will provide you with
quality and priority service. When roadside services are required, our
advisors will explain any payment obligations that may be incurred for
utilizing outside services.
For prompt assistance when calling, please have the following information
available to give to the advisor:
Vehicle Identification Number
License plate number
0 Vehicle color
Vehiclelocation
Telephone number where you can be reached
Vehicle mileage
0 Description of the problem
8-7
Service and Owner Publications
Service manuals, service bulletins, owner’s manuals andother service
literature are available for purchase for all current and many past model
General Motors vehicles.
Toll-free telephone numbers for ordering information:
United States . . . . . . . . . 1-800-551-4123
Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-800-668-5539
Service Manuals
Service manuals contain diagnosis and repair informationfor all chassis and
body systems. They may be useful for owners who wish to get a greater
understanding of their vehicle. Theyare also useful for owners with the
appropriate skill level or training who wish to perform “do-it-yourself’
service. These are authentic General Motors’ service manuals meant for
professional, qualified technicians.
Service Bulletins
Service bulletins covering various subjects are regularly sent to all General
Motors dealerships. GM monitors product performance in thefield. When
service methods are found which promote betterservice on GM vehicles,
bulletins are created to help the technician perform better service.Service
bulletins may involve any number of vehicles. Some will describe
inexpensive service; others will describe expensive service. Some will
advise of new or unexpected conditions, and others may help avoid future
costly repairs. Service bulletins are meant for qualified technicians. In some
cases they refer to service manuals, specialized tools, equipment and safety
procedures necessary to service the vehicle. Since these bulletins are issued
throughout the model year and beyond, an index is required and published
quarterly to help identify specific bulletins. Subscriptions are available. You
can order an index at the toll-free numbers listed previously, or ask a GM
dealer to see an index or individual bulletin.
Owner Publications
Owner’s manuals, warranty folders and various owner assistance booklets
provide owners with general operation and maintenance information.
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Index
A
Air Bag (See “Supplemental Inflatable Restraint System (SIR)”)
Readiness Light (See “Lights”)
Accessory Power Outlets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
249
Adding Equipment to Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle (See “Supplemental
Inflatable Restraint System (SIR)”)
Air Cleaner (See “Engine-Air Cleaner”
Air Conditioning (See “Heater/Air Conditioning Controls”)
3-19
Antennacare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anti-Lock Brakes (See “Brakes”)
Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-47
Materials Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Arbitration Program (See “Better Business Bureau Mediation”)
3-5
Audiosystems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AM-FM Stereo Audio Compact Disc (CD) System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
3-6
AM-FM Stereo Audio System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AM-FM Stereo Audio Cassette System .............................
3-7
AM-FM Stereo Audio Cassette System with Equalizer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
3-18
Care of Your Cassette Player and Tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-19
Care of Compact Discs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delco LOC [email protected] Feature ...............................
3-15
3-17
Understanding Radio Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Transmission ( See “Transmission”)
Axle
6-20
Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-22
LockingRear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-19
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Belts (See “Safety Belts”)
Better Business Bureau Mediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Blizzard (See “Driving-If You’re Caught in a Blizzard”)
Brakes
Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anti-Lock Warning Light (See “Lights”)
To Check Brake Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PedalTravel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacingparts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Warning Light (See “Lights”)
Trailer (See “Trailer Brakes”)
Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
In Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
6-29
8-3
6-29
4-5
6-27
6-26
2-22
6-29
6-29
6-28
4-5
4-7
Break.1n. NewVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-9
Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-30
6-35
Center High Mounted Stop Lamp (CHMSL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-32
Composite Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-33
Front Park Turn Signal Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Halogen Bulb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-31
RearLamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-34
Replacement Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-63
6-30
Sealed Beam Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacities and Specification . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-61
2-26,4-34
CarbonMonoxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player (See “Audio Systems”)
Cassette Tape Player System (See “AudioSystems”)
6-39
Catalytic Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-36
CertificatiodTire Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing a Flat Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19
6-55
Chemical Paint Spotting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Child Restraints (See “Safety Belts”)
Center High Mounted Stop Lamp (CHMSL) (See “Lamps“)
Cigarette LightedAshtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-49
Circuit Breakers (See “Fuses and Circuit Breakers”)
Cleaning
6-50
Fabric Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finishcare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Glass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
6-48
InsideofVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrumentpanel, Top . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
Outsideofvehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-52
Special Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-50
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-54
6-51
VinylorLeather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weatherstrips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-52
. . . . . . . . 6-53
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clock, Setting the
Audio System with Compact Disc (CD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-5
Audio System without a Compact Disc (CD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-5
3-1
Comfort Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compact Disc (CD) System (See “Audio Systems”)
4-4
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coolant (See “Engine”)
6-62
Cooling System Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-7
Courtesy Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crankcase Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-62
Cruise Control (Option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-38
OnHills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-42
Passing Another Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-41
2-42
To Erase Speed Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ToGetOutOf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-42
To Increase Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-40
ToReduceSpeed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-41
ToResume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-40
ToSet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-39
2
Cupholder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-51
Customer Assistance for the Hearing or Speech Impaired . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
8-1
Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Daytime Running Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-54
Daytime Running Lamps Indicator Light (See “Lights”)
Differential (See “Axle”)
2-3
Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5
PowerDoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3
SideDoors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Axle (See “Axle”)
Driver Position (See “Safety Belts-Driver Position”)
Driving
4-23
AtNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-27
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1
Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-28
Freeway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-12
Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-30
Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Highway Hypnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-29
4-33
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-22, 5-32
In Mud, Sand, Snow, Or Ice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-25
IntheRain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-11
LossofControl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-24
Nightvision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Off-Road Driving with Your Four-wheel Drive Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
4-12
Before You Go Off-Roading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-23
After Off-Road Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-10
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Through Deep Standing Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-15
4-31
Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DrunkenDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2
Electrical System
.....................
6-59
Add-on Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine
Adding Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.10.6.22
6-12
Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1 5. 3-3
Coolant Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-21
Coolant Temperature Gage (See “Gages”)
2-26
Exhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FanNoise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-18
Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.576,.6
1
Oil (See “Oil”)
5-10
Overheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-27
RunningWhileParked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-12
6-39
Exhaustsystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
F
Filter Replacement Chart (See “Service-Replacement Parts and Filter
Recommendations”)
Fluid Capacity (See “Capacity and Specifications”)
6-30
l;luidLeakCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fluids (See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”)
2-28.6-19
Four-wheel Drive ..........................................
2-28
Manual Transfer Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-30
Electronic Transfer Case ........................................
Fuel
6-4
FillingYourTank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-4
Gage (See “Gages”)
Gasolines for Cleaner Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-3
6-62
Tankcapacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuses and Circuit Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-59,6-65
FuseBlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-60
G
Gages
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ................................
FuelGage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OilPressureGage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speedometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trip Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-65
2-66
2-54
2-65
2-54
2-55
2-55
2-67
Halogen Bulbs (See “Bulb Replacement”)
Hazard Warning Flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Headlamps
Replacement (See “Bulb Replacement”)
High Beam Indicator Light (See “Lights”)
2.36,
2.64
High-LowBeam Changer .................................
Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-45
3-1
Heater Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2
Heater/Air Conditioning Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-70
Refrigerant Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Highway Hypnosis (See “Driving-Highway Hypnosis”)
Hitches (See “Towing a Trailer”)
Wood
Checking Under, Hood Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-6
Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
6-18
HydraulicClutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hydroplaning (See “Driving in the Rain”)
4
I
If You’re Stuck: In Sand. Mud. Ice. or Snow ...........................
Ignitionswitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inflation-Tire Pressure ( See “Tires”)
Instrument Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrumentpanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-32
2-10
2-53
2-53
Jacking Equipment Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-20
Jumpstarting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
K
KeyLockCylinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Key Release Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyless Entry System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-39
2-11
2-6
2-1
L
Labels
Certificatioflire ( See “Certification/Tire Label”)
Lamps
Center High Mounted Stop Lamp (CHMSL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-67
2-46
Dome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-44
FogLamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Headlights (See “Headlamps”)
Replacement (See “Bulb Replacement”)
2-43
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-57
Air Bag Readiness Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-59
2-58
BrakeSystemLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-62
Charging System Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-62
Check Gages Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45. 2-63
Headlamp High Beam Indicator Light .............................
2-64
Headlights (See “Headlamps”)
2-60.6-39
Malfunction Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-57
Safety Belt Reminder Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service Engine Soon (See “Malfunction Indicator”)
Shift Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21.2-63
2-64
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator Light .......................
Loading YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-36
Add-on Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-39
Off-Road Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-13
Payload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-38
Pickup Conversion to Chassis Cab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-42
TraileringPackage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
440
Truck-Camper Loading Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Two-Tiered Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-38
Lock Cylinders (See “Key Lock Cylinders”)
Loss of Control (See “Driving-Loss of Control”)
Lubrication (See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”)
5
M
Malfunction Indicator Lamp(See “Lights”)
Maintenance (See “Scheduled Maintenance Services’’)
Maintenance Record (See “Scheduled MaintenanceServices”)
Master Cylinder (See “Brakes”)
Mirrors
Convexoutside ...............................................
Inside .......................................................
Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vanity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multifunction Lever ..............................................
2-48
2-46
2-47
2-48
2-34
OBDII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-60
Odometer (See “Gages”)
Off-Road Driving (See “Driving”)
Off-Road Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Additives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Pressure Gage (See “Gages”)
6-8
ToCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WhatKindtoUse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-9
WhentoAdd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Whentochange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-11
What to Do with Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
7-35
Owner Checks and Services ........................................
P
Parking
Brake ( See “Brakes-Parking”)
On Hills ( See “Towing-Parking On Hills”)
2-25
Over Things That Burn .........................................
2-25
Your Vehicle (Manual Transmission) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passing (See “Driving-Passing”)
Payload (See “LoadingYour Vehicle”)
Periodic Maintenance Inspections (See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”)
Power
Door Locks ( See “Doors”)
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
SteeringFluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-24
Winches (See “Winches”)
6-23
Radiator Pressure Cap ............................................
Radio (See “Audio Systems”)
Rear Axle (See“Axle”)
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides (See “Safety Belts”)
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants (See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”)
Recovery Hooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-33
ReplacementParts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-61
Reporting Safety Defects To The United States Government (See “Safety Defects”)
8-6
Roadside Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-33
Rocking YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-10
Adults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-22
Center Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-35
Checking Restraint System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-27
Child Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Center Front Seat Position (60/40 Split Bench Seat) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-29
Center Seat Position (Except 60140 Split Bench Seat) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-28
1-30
Jump Seats (Extended Cab) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LargerChildren . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-32
1-30
Right Front Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-27
TopStrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-25
Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-51
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-10
DriverPosition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-34
LapBelt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-22.1-23
: ......................
1-10
Lap Shoulder Belt ......................
1-10
Properwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-9
Questions & Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-23
Rear Seat Passengers (Extended Cab Jump Seats) .....................
Reminder Light (See “Lights”)
. . 1-35
Replacing Seat and Restraint Parts After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Right Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-22
1-21
UseDuringPregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-7
Why Safety Belts Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Chains (See “Towing a Trailer”)
Safety Defects
. . . . . 8-5
Reporting Safety Defects to Canada ......................
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-5
Reporting Safety Defects to the United States ........................
8-4
Safety Warnings and Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
iv
Scheduled Maintenance Services
742
Maintenance Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance Schedule I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-6
7-26
Maintenanceschedule II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-38
Periodic Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-40
Selecting the Right Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-4
7-3
Using Your Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
When Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-49
Seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
1-1
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Easy Entry Seat (Extended Cab) ....................
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
1-2
Front Seat (Easy Entry Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Seat (Except Easy Entry) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
7
Seats (continued)
1-4
Front Seatback Latches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jump Seat (Extended Cab Models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6
LumbarAdjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Reclining Front Seatbacks (Bucket Seats or 60/40 Bench) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Service
Bulletins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-8
Doing YourOwn Service Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1
PartsIdentificationLabel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-59
Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-8
Replacement
Parts
and
Filter
Recommendations
....
. . . . . . . . . . 6-69
Service Engine Soon Light (See “Lights”)
Shift Indicator Light (See “Lights”)
2-23
Shifting Into Park (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SpareTire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-22
Specifications Chart (See “Service - Replacement Parts and Filter
Recommendations”)
Speedometer and Odometer (See “Gages”)
Starting Your Engine (See “Engine-Starting”)
4-7
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
InEmergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-8
Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7
Storage Compartments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-50
SunVisors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-48
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint System (SIR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-16
Adding Equipment to Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21
How the Air Bag System Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-17
Servicing Your Air Bag-EquippedVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-20
T
Tachometer (See “Gages”)
Tailgate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
...
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-6
2-8
Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-24
TiltWheel (Option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
640
Balancing (See “Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance”)
6-45
Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flat (See “Changing a Flat Tire”)
......................................
6-41
InspectionandRotation
Loading (See “Loading Your Vehicle”)
New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-43
Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-40
Spare (See “Spare Tire”)
5-23
UnderbodyCarrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
UniformTireQualityGrading
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-44
Top Strap (See “Safety Belts-Child Restraints”)
Torque Lock (See “Transmission-Torque Lock”)
Towing
4-43
ATrailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-48
Driving on Grades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driving with a Trailer .......................................
4-46
4-48
ParkingonHills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
447
SafetyChains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-46
4-45
Hitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recreational Vehicle (Four-wheel Drive Only) ......................
4-35
5-6
TowingYourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trailer
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 6
2-68,6-60
Wiring Harness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trailering Package ( See “Loading Your Vehicle”)
6-19
Transfer Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic ( See “Four Wheel Drive”)
Manual ( See “Four Wheel Drive”)
Transmission
2-17
Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
When to Check and Change Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-14
6-14
HowToCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HowToAdd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-16
2-20
Five-Speed Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Whentocheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-17
6-17
HowToCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-18
HowToAdd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shift Light ( See “Lights”)
2-25
Torque Lock (Automatic Transmission) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trip Odometer ( See “Gages”)
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-35
Vehicle
v
Damagewarnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-57, 6-58
Loading ( See “Loading Your Vehicle”)
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. 6-29
....
Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
v, vi, vu, vlll
Ventilation System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4
Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 4
Voltmeter ( See “Gages”)
W
Warning
Devices. Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hazard Flashers ( See “Hazard Warning Flashers”)
Lights and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheel
Alignment and Tire Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hub Caps and Wheel Nut Caps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NutTorque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Used Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
5-2
2-56
6-45
5-25
6-62
645
6-46
Winches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SlidingRear .................................................
Swing-OutWindows(ExtendedCab) .............................
Windshield
Washer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WasherFluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WiperBladeChatter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WiperBladeCleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
......................................
WiperBladeReplacement
10
4-35
2-32
2-33
2-33
2-37
6-25
2-36
6-52
6-52
6-36
C9508
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