AFM - CAVOK Aviation Training

AFM - CAVOK Aviation Training
CAVOK Aviation Training Ltd.
Pilot Operating Book
Cessna C150M
HA-VOF
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
ssna
1976
150
Commuter
CESSNA MODEL 150M
PERFORMANCESPECIFICATIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
PERFORMANCE - SPECIFICATIONS
SPEED:
Maximum 2000 Ft.
Cruise, 75% Power at 6000 Ft
CRUISE: Recommended cruise settings
75% Power at 2000 Ft
35 Gallons Usable Fuel
Maximum Range at 6,000 Ft
35 Gallons Usable Fuel
RATE OF CLIMB AT SEA LEVEL
SERVICE CEILING
TAKEOFF PERFORMANCE:
Ground Roll
Total Distance Over 15 M Obstacle
LANDING PERFORMANCE:
Ground Roll
Total Distance Over 15 M Obstacle
STALL SPEED (CAS):
Flaps Up, Power Off
Flaps Down, Power Off
MAXIMUM WEIGHT
STANDARD EMPTY WEIGHT:
Commuter
MAXIMUM USEFUL LOAD:
Commuter
BAGGAGE ALLOWANCE
WING LOADING: Pounds/Sq Ft
POWER LOADING: Pounds/HP
FUEL CAPACITY: Total
Long; Range Tanks
OIL CAPACITY
ENGINE: Bombardier Rotax
100 BHP at 2385 prop. RPM
PROPELLER: Constant Speed, Diameter
D1080-13-RPC-6,000-12/77
98 KNOTS
95 KNOTS
Range
Time
Range
Time
658 NM
7.2 HRS
657 NM
7.9 HRS
720 FPM
15.000 FT
158 M
314 M
136 M
328 M
47 KNOTS
42 KNOTS
726 KG
515.5 KG
210,5 KG
54 KG
10.0
16.0
144 L
3,5 L
912 S3
180 CM
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
Cessna
150 COMMUTER
1976 MODEL 150M
Serial
No.
Registration
No .
THIS H AN D B O O K INCLUDES THE MATERIAL
REQUIRED TO BE FURNISHED TO THE PILOT
BY CAR PART 3
CESSNA AIRCRAFT COMPANY
WICHITA, KANSAS, USA
CONGRATULATIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
CONGRATULATIONS....
Welcome to the ranks of Cessna owners! Your Cessna has been designed and constructed
to give you the most in performance, economy, and comfort. It is our desire that you will find
flying it, either for business or pleasure, a pleasant and profitable experience.
This Pilot's Operating Handbook has been prepared as a guide to help you get the most
pleasure and utility from your airplane. It contains information about your Cessna's equipment, operating procedures, and performance; and suggestions for its servicing and care. We
urge you to read it from cover to cover, and to refer to it frequently.
Our interest in your flying pleasure has not ceased with your purchase of a Cessna. Worldwide, the Cessna Dealer Organization backed by the Cessna Customer Services Department
stands ready to serve you. The following services are offered by most Cessna Dealers:
•
THE CESSNA WARRANTY, which provides coverage for parts and labor, is available
at Cessna Dealers worldwide. Specific benefits and provisions of warranty, plus other
important benefits for you, are contained in your Customer Care Program book, supplied with your airplane. Warranty service is available to you at authorized Cessna
Dealers throughout the world upon presentation of your Customer Care Card which
establishes your eligibility under the warranty.
•
FACTORY TRAINED PERSONNEL to provide you with courteous expert service.
•
FACTORY APPROVED SERVICE EQUIPMENT to provide you efficient and accurate
workmanship.
•
A STOCK OF GENUINE CESSNA SERVICE PARTS on hand when you need them.
•
THE LATEST AUTHORITATIVE INFORMATION FOR SERVICING CESSNA
AIRPLANES, since Cessna Dealers have all of the Service Manuals and Parts
Catalogs, kept current by Service Letters and Service News Letters, published by
Cessna Aircraft Company.
We urge all Cessna owners to use the Cessna Dealer Organization to the fullest.
A current Cessna Dealer Directory accompanies your new airplane. The Directory is
revised frequently, and a current copy can be obtained from your Cessna Dealer. Make
your Directory one of your cross-country flight planning aids; a warm welcome awaits you
at every Cessna Dealer.
ii
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
GENERAL
1
LIMITATIONS
2
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
3
NORMAL PROCEDURES
4
PERFORMANCE
5
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
6
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS
DESCRIPTIONS
7
AIRPLANE HANDLING,
SERVICE & MAINTENANCE
8
SUPPLEMENTS
(Optional Systems Description
& Operating Procedures)
9
This handbook will be kept current by Service Letters published by Cessna Aircraft
Company. These are distributed to Cessna Dealers and to those who subscribe
through the Owner Follow-Up System. If you are not receiving subscription service,
you will want to keep in touch with your Cessna Dealer for information concerning
the change status of the handbook. Subsequent changes will be made in the form
of stickers. These should be examined and attached to the appropriate page in the
handbook immediately after receipt; the handbook should not be used for operational purposes until it has been updated to a current status.
iii/(iv blank)
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 1
GENERAL
SECTION 1
GENERAL
TABLE
OF CONTENTS
Page
Three View
1-2
Introduction
1-3
Descriptive Data
1-3
Engine
1-3
Propeller.
1-3
Fuel
1-3
Oil
1-4
Maximum Certificated Weights
1-5
Standard Airplane Weights
1-5
Cabin and Entry Dimensions
1-5
Baggage Space Dimensions
1-5
Specific Loadings
1-5
Symbols, Abbreviations and Terminology
1-5
General Airspeed Terminology and Symbols
1-5
Meteorological Terminology
1-6
Engine Power Terminology
1-7
Airplane Performance and Flight Planning Terminology ..................... 1-7
Weight and Balance Terminology
1-7
1-1
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 1
GENERAL
24’-6”
NOTES:
1.
Wing span shown with strobe lights installed.
2.
Maximum height shown with nose gear depressed, ail tires and nose strut properly inflated, and flashing beacon installed.
3.
Wheel base length is 58".
4.
Propeller ground clearance is 12".
5.
Wing area is 160 square feet.
6.
Minimum turning radius (* pivot point to
outboard wing tip) is 24' 8".
-7'-7V4"-
Figure 1-1.
1-2
Three View
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 1
GENERAL
INTRODUCTION
This handbook contains 9 sections, and includes the material required
to be furnished to the pilot by CAR Part 3. It also contains supplemental
data supplied by Cessna Aircraft Company.
Section 1 provides basic data and information of general interest. It
also contains définitions or explanations of symbols, abbreviations, and
terminology commonly used.
DESCRIPTIVE
DATA
ENGINE
Number of Engines: 1.
Engine Manufacturer: Bombardier Rotax
Model Number: 912S3
Engine Type: Normally-aspirated, gearbox-driven, combined air- and
liquid-cooled, horizontally- opposed, carburetor equipped, fourcylinder engine with 1,3 L displacement.
Horsepower Rating and Engine Speed: 100 rated BHP at 5800 RPM (2385
prop RPM).
PROPELLER
Propeller Manufacturer: Hoffmann Propeller GmbH.
Propeller Model Number: HO-V352F/170FQ+10
Number of Blades: 2.
Propeller Diameter: 180 CM
Propeller Type: Constant speed.
FUEL
Approved Fuel Grades (and Colors):
95 Grade Automotive Fuel (EN 228) (Green).
100LL Grade Aviation Fuel (Blue).
1-3
SECTION 1
GENERAL
CESSNA
MODEL 150 M
Fuel Capacity:
Long Range Tanks:
Total Capacity: 144 liters.
Total Capacity Each Tank: 72 liters.
Total Usable:' 132 liters.
NOTE
Due to cross-feeding between fuel tanks, the tanks should
be re-topped after each refueling to assure maximum
capacity.
OIL
Oil Grade (Specification):
API SG or higher. Due to the high stresses in the reduction gear, oils with
gear additives, such as high performance / heavy duty motor cycle oils
are required.
NOTE
SAE 10W50 or SAE 10W60 oils are suitable for operation at ambient
temperatures as low as -20°C.
Oil Capacity:
Sump: 3,5 liters.
1-4
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 1
GENERAL
M AXIM UM CERTIFICATED WEIGHTS
Takeoff: 726 kg.
Landing: 726 kg.
Weight in Baggage Compartment:
Baggage Area 1 (or passenger on child's seat)-Station 50 to 76:
54 kg. See note below.
Baggage Area 2 - Station 76 to 94: 18 kg. See note below.
NOTE
The maximum combined weight capacity for baggage
areas 1 and 2 is 54 kg..
STANDARD AIRPLANE WEIGHTS
Standard Empty Weight, Commuter:
Maximum Useful Load, Commuter:
515.5 k g .
210.5 kg.
CABIN AND ENTRY DIMENSIONS
Detailed dimensions of the cabin interior and entry door openings are
illustrated in Section 6.
BAGGAGE SPACE DIMENSIONS
Dimensions of the baggage area are illustrated in detail in Section 6.
SPECIFIC LOADINGS
Wing Loading: 10. 0 lbs. /sq. ft.
Power Loading: 16. 0 lbs. /hp.
SYMBOLS, ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMINOLOGY
GENERAL AIRSPEED TERMINOLOGY AND SYMBOLS
KCAS
Knots Calibrated Airspeed is indicated airspeed corrected
for position and instrument error and expressed in knots.
Knots calibrated airspeed is equal to KTAS in standard atmosphere at sea level.
1-5
SECTION 1
GENERAL
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
KIAS
Knots Indicated Airspeed is the speed shown on the airspeed
indicator and expressed in knots.
KTAS
Knots True Airspeed is the airspeed expressed in knots relative to undisturbed air which is KCAS corrected for altitude
and température.
V.
Maneuvering Speed is the maximum speed at which you may
use abrupt control travel.
VFE
Maximum Flap Extended Speed is the highest speed permissible with flaps in a prescribed extended position.
VNQ
Maximum Structural Cruising Speed is the speed that should
not be exceeded except in smooth air, then only with caution.
VN E
Never Exceed Speed is the speed limit that may not be exceeded at any time.
Vs
Stalling Speed or the minimum steady flight speed at which
the airplane is controllable.
Stalling Speed or the minimum steady flight speed at which
the airplane is controllable in the landing configuration at
the most forward center of gravity.
Vs
°
Vx
Best Angle-of-Climb Speed is the speed which results in the
greatest gain of altitude in a given horizontal distance.
Vv
Best Rate-of-Climb Speed is the speed which results in the
greatest gain in altitude in a given time.
METEOROLOGICAL TERMINOLOGY
OAT
Outside Air Temperature is the free air static temperature.
It is expressed in either degrees Celsius (formerly Centigrade) or degrees Fahrenheit.
Standard
Temperature
Standard Temperature is 15°C at sea level pressure altitude
and decreases by 2 °C for each 1000 feet of altitude.
Pressure
Altitude
Pressure Altitude is the altitude read from an altimeter
when the altimeter's barometric scale has been set to 29.92
inches of mercury (1013 mb).
1-6
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 1
GENERAL
ENGINE POWER TERMINOLOGY
BHP
Brake Horsepower is the power developed by the engine.
RPM
Revolutions Per Minute is engine speed.
Static
RPM
Static RPM is engine speed attained during a full-throttle engine runup when the airplane is on the ground and stationary.
AIRPLANE PERFORMANCE AND FLIGHT PLANNING TERMINOLOGY
Demonstrated
Crosswind
Velocity
Demonstrated Crosswind Velocity is the velocity of the crosswind component for which adequate control of the airplane
during takeoff and landing was actually demonstrated during
certification tests. The value shown is not considered to be
limiting.
Usable Fuel Usable Fuel is the fuel available for flight planning.
Unusable
Fuel
Unusable Fuel is the quantity of fuel that can not be safely
used in flight.
GPH
Gallons Per Hour is the amount of fuel (in gallons) consumed
per hour.
NMPG
Nautical Miles Per Gallon is the distance (in nautical miles)
which can be expected per gallon of fuel consumed at a specifie engine power setting and/or flight configuration.
g
g is acceleration due to gravity.
WEIGHT AND BALANCE TERMINOLOGY
Reference Reference Datum is an imaginary vertical plane from which
Datum
all
horizontal distances are measured for balance purposes.
Station
Station is a location along the airplane fuselage given in
terms of the distance from the reference datum.
Arm
Arm is the horizontal distance from the reference datum to
the center of gravity (C.G. ) of an item.
Moment
Moment is the product of the weight of an item multiplied
by its arm.(Moment divided by the constant 1000 is used in
this handbook to simplify balance calculations by reducing
the number of digits. )
1-7
SECTION 1
GENERAL
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
Center of
Center of Gravity is the point at which an airplane, or equipGravity
ment, would balance if suspended. Its distance from the
(C. G. )
reference
datum is found by dividing the total moment by the
total weight of the airplane.
C. G.
Arm
Center of Gravity Arm is the arm obtained by adding the
airplane's individual moments and dividing the sum by the
total weight.
C. G.
Limits
Center of Gravity Limits are the extrême center of gravity
locations within which the airplane must be operated at a
given weight.
Standard
Empty
Weight
Standard Empty Weight is the weight of a standard airplane,
including unusable fuel, full operating fluids and full engine
oil.
Basic Empty Basic Empty Weight is the standard empty weight plus the
Weight
weight of optional equipment.
Useful
Load
Useful Load is the difference between takeoff weight and the
basic empty weight.
Gross
Gross (Loaded) Weight is the loaded weight of the airplane.
(Loaded)
Weight
Maximum
Takeoff
Weight
Maximum Takeoff Weight is the maximum weight approved
for the start of the takeoff run.
Maximum
Landing
Weight
Maximum Landing Weight is the maximum weight approved
for the landing touchdown.
Tare
Tare is the weight of chocks, blocks, stands, etc. used
when weighing an airplane, and is included in the scale
readings. Tare is deducted from the scale reading to obtain
the actual (net) airplane weight.
1-8
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
TABLE
OF CONTENTS
Page
Introduction
2-3
Airspeed Limitations
2-3
Airspeed Indicator Markings
2-4
Power Plant Limitations
2-4
Power Plant Instrument Markings
2-5
Weight Limits
2-5
Center of Gravity Limits
2-5
Maneuver Limits
2-6
Flight Load Factor Limits
2-6
Kinds of Operation Limits
2-6
Fuel Limitations...............................................................................................2-7
Placards
2-8
2-1/(2-2 blank)
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
INTRODUCTION
Section 2 includes operating limitations, instrument markings, and
basic placards necessary for the safe operation of the airplane, its engine,
standard Systems and standard equipment. The limitations included in
this section have been approved by the Federal Aviation Administration.
When applicable, limitations associated with optional Systems or equipment are included in Section 9.
Your Cessna is certificated under FAA Type Certificate No. 3A19 as
Cessna Model No. 150M.
This airplane is modified by EASA STC no. 10015134 to run on a Rotax 912 S3
engine. The changes regarding to the STC are incorporated in this Manual.
AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS
Airspeed limitations and their operational significance are shown in
figure 2-1 .
SPEED
KCAS
KIAS
Never Exceed Speed
141
141
Do not exceed this speed in
any operation.
vNo
Maximum Structural
Cruising Speed
104
107
Do not exceed this speed
except in smooth air, and
then only with caution.
VA
Maneuvering Speed:
726 kg
656 kg
590 kg
95
90
85
97
93
88
Do not make full or abrupt
control movements above
this speed.
VFE
Maximum Flap Extended
Speed
89
85
Do not exceed this speed
with flaps down.
Maximum Window Open
Speed
141
141
Figure 2-1.
REMARKS
Do not exceed this speed with
Windows open.
Airspeed Limitations
2-3
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
AIRSPEED
INDICATOR
MARKINGS
Airspeed indicator markings and their color code significance are
shown in figure 2-2.
KIAS VALUE
OR RANGE
MARKING
SIGNIFICANCE
Full Flap Operating Range. Lower
limit is maximum weight Vso in
landing configuration. Upper limit
is maximum speed permissible with
flaps extended.
White Arc
42-85
Green Arc
47 – 110
Normal Operating Range. Lower limit
is maximum weight Vg at most forward
C.G. with flaps retracted. Upper limit
is maximum structural cruising speed.
Yellow Arc
107 – 141
Operations must be conducted with
caution and only in smooth air.
Red Line
141
Maximum speed for all operations.
Figure 2-2.
POWER
PLANT
Engine Manufacturer:
Airspeed Indicator Markings
LIMITATIONS
Bombardier Rotax GmbH.
Engine Model Number: 912 S3
Engine Operating Limits for Takeoff and Continuous Operations:
Maximum Power: 100 BHP.
Maximum Engine Speed: 5800 RPM (2385 prop. RPM)
Maximum Oil Temperature: 135°C.
Oil Pressure, Minimum: 2 bar.
Maximum: 5 bar..
Propeller Manufacturer: Hoffmann Propeller GmbH.
Propeller Model Number: HO-V352F/170FQ+10
Propeller Diameter: 180 CM.
2-4
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
POWER PLANT INSTRUMENT MARKINGS
Power plant instrument markings and their color code significance
are shown in figure 2-3.
Instrument
Figure 2-3.
Power Plant Instrument Markings
WEIGHT LIMITS
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 726 kg
Maximum Landing Weight: 726 kg
Maximum Weight in Baggage Compartment:
Baggage Area 1 (or passenger on child's seat)-Station 50 to 76:
54 kg
See note below.
Baggage Area 2 -Station 76 to 94: 1 8 k g . See note below.
NOTE
The maximum combined weight capacity for baggage
areas 1 and 2 is 54 kg.
CENTER OF GRAVITY LIMITS
Center of Gravity Range:
Forward: 0,8 M aft of datum at 581 kg or less, with straight line
variation to 0,835 M aft of datum at 726 k g .
Aft: 0,95 M aft of datum at all weights.
Reference Datum: Front face of firewall.
2-5
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
MANEUVER
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
LIMITS
This airplane is certificated in the utility category and is designed
for limited aerobatic flight. In the acquisition of various certificates
such as commercial pilot, instrument pilot and flight instructor, certain
maneuvers are required. All of these maneuvers are permitted in this
airplane.
No aerobatic maneuvers are approved except those listed below:
MANEUVER
Chandelles
Lazy Eights
Steep Turns
Spins
Stalls (Except Whip Stalls)
MAXIMUM ENTRY SPEED*
95 knots
95 knots
95 knots
Use Slow Deceleration
Use Slow Deceleration
* Higher speeds can be used if abrupt use of the controls is avoided.
Aerobatics that may impose high loads should not be attempted. The
important thing to bear in mind in flight maneuvers is that the airplane is
clean in aerodynamic design and will build up speed quickly with the nose
down. Proper speed control is an essential requirement for execution of
any maneuver, and care should always be exercised to avoid excessive
speed which in turn can impose excessive loads. In the execution of all
maneuvers, avoid abrupt use of controls.
FLIGHT LOAD FACTOR LIMITS
Flight Load Factors:
*Flaps Up:
+4.4g , -1.76g
*Flaps Down: +3. 5g
*The design load factors are 150% of the above, and in all cases,
the structure meets or exceeds design loads.
KINDS OF OPERATION LIMITS
The airplane is equipped for day VFR and may be equipped for night
VFR and/or IFR operations. FAR Part 91 establishes the minimum required instrumentation and equipment for these operations. The reference to types of flight operations on the operating limitations placard re2-6
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
fleets equipment installed at the time of Airworthiness Certificate issuance.
Flight into known icing conditions is prohibited.
FUEL LIMITATIONS
2 Long Range Tanks: 72 liters each.
Total Fuel: 144 liters gallons.
Usable Fuel (all flight conditions):
Unusable Fuel: 12 liters.
132 liters.
NOTE
Due to cross-feeding between fuel tanks, the tanks should
be re-topped after each refueling to assure maximum
capacity.
Approved Fuel Grades (and Colors):
95 Grade Automotive Fuel (EN 228) (Green).
100LL Grade Aviation Fuel (Blue).
2-7
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
PLACARDS
The following information is displayed in the form of composite or
individual placards.
(1) In full view of the pilot: (The "DAY-NIGHT-VFR-IFR" entry,
shown on the example below, will vary as the airplane is equipped.)
This airplane is approved in the utility category and must be
operated in compliance with the operating limitations as
stated in the form of placards, markings and manuals.
MAXIMUMS
MANEUVERING SPEED (IAS)
97 knots
GROSS WEIGHT
726 kg
FLIGHT LOAD FACTOR . Flaps Up. . . +4.4, -1.76
Flaps Down . . . . +3. 5
NO ACROBATIC MANEUVERS APPROVED
EXCEPT THOSE LISTED BELOW
Maneuver
Chandelles
Lazy Eights
Steep Turns
Recm. Entry
95
95
95
Speed
knots
knots
knots
Maneuver
Recm. Entry Speed
Spins . . . . Slow Deceleration
Stalls (except
whip stalls). Slow Deceleration
Abrupt use of controls prohibited above 97 knots.
Spin Recovery: opposite rudder - forward elevator - neutralize
controls. Intentional spins with flaps extended are prohibited.
Flight into known icing conditions prohibited. This airplane is
certified for the following flight operations as of date of original
airworthiness certificate:
DAY - NIGHT - VFR -
In the baggage compartment:
54 kg maximum baggage and/or auxiliary seat passenger. For
additional loading instructions see Weight and Balance Data.
2-8
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
(3)
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
Near fuel shut-off valve (long range tanks):
FUEL - 35.0 GALS - ON-OFF
(4)
Near fuel tank filler cap (long range tanks):
FUEL
95 MIN GRADE AUTOMOTIVE FUEL / AVGAS 100LL
CAP. 144 liters .
(5) On the instrument panel near over-voltage light:
HIGH VOLTAGE
2-9/(2-10 blank)
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
TABLE
OF CONTENTS
Page
Introduction
Airspeeds For
3-3
Emergency Operation ..................................................... 3-3
OPERATIONAL CHECKLISTS
Engine Failures
Engine Failure During Takeoff Run
Engine Failure Immediately After Takeoff
Engine Failure During Flight
Forced Landings
Emergency Landing Without Engine Power
Precautionary Landing With Engine Power
Ditching
Fires
During Start On Ground
Engine Fire in Flight
Electrical Fire In Flight
Cabin Fire
Wing Fire
Icing
Inadvertent Icing Encounter
Landing With a Flat Main Tire
Electrical Power Supply System Malfunctions
Over-Voltage Light Illuminates
Ammeter Shows Discharge
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-4
3-4
3-4
3-4
3-4
3-5
3-5
3-5
3-6
3-6
3-7
3-7
3-7
3-8
3-8
3-8
3-8
AMPLIFIED PROCEDURES
Engine Failure
Forced Landings
Landing Without Elevator Control
Fires
3-9
3-10
3-10
3-10
3-1
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued)
Emergency Operation In Clouds (Vacuum System Failure)
Executing A 180° Turn In Clouds
Emergency Descent Through Clouds
Recovery From a Spiral Dive
Flight In Icing Conditions
Spins
Rough Engine Operation Or Loss Of Power
Carburetor Icing
Spark Plug Fouling
Magneto Malfunction
Low Oil Pressure
Electrical Power Supply System Malfunctions
Excessive Rate Of Charge
Insufficient Rate Of Charge
3-2
Page
3-11
3-11
3-11
3-12
3-12
3-12
3-13
3-13
3-13
3-14
3-14
3-14
3-14
3-15
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
INTRODUCTION
Section 3 provides checklist and amplified procedures for coping with
emergencies that may occur. Emergencies caused by airplane or engine
malfunctions are extremely rare if proper preflight inspections and maintenance are practiced. Enroute weather emergencies can be minimized
or eliminated by careful flight planning and good judgement when unexpected weather is encountered. However, should an emergency arise, the
basic guidelines described in this section should be considered and applied
as necessary to correct the problem. Emergency procedures associated
with the ELT and other optional systems can be found in Section 9.
AIRSPEEDS
FOR EMERGENCY
OPERATION
Engine Failure After Takeoff
Maneuvering Speed:
726 k g
657 kg
589 kg
Maximum Glide
Precautionary Landing With Engine Power
Landing Without Engine Power:
Wing Flaps Up
Wing Flaps Down
OPERATIONAL
ENGINE
60 KIAS
97
93
88
60
55
KIAS
KIAS
KIAS
KIAS
KIAS
65 KIAS
55 KIAS
CHECKLISTS
FAILURES
ENGINE FAILURE DURING TAKEOFF RUN
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
Throttle - IDLE.
Brakes - APPLY AS REQUIRED.
Ignition Switch – OFF.
Master Switch – OFF.
Roll off the runway.
ENGINE FAILURE IMMEDIATELY AFTER TAKEOFF
(1)
Airspeed - 60 KIAS.
If time allows
(2)
Throttle - FULL
3-3
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
(3)
(4)
(5)
Prop Pitch – FINE (full forward)
Carb. Heat – OFF
Choke - OFF
(5)
(6)
Ignition Switch - BOTH
Electric Fuel Pump - ON
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
ENGINE FAILURE DURING FLIGHT – PORPELLER WINDMILLING
(1) Airspeed - 60 KIAS.
(2) Prop Pitch – FINE (full forward)
(3) Electric Fuel Pump - ON
(4) Ignition Switch - BOTH.
(5) Fuel Shutoff Valve - ON
(6) Throttle – 2 CM IN
(7) Choke – OFF
If engine fails to start in 10 seconds, apply cold start procedure:
(8)
(9)
Throttle – IDLE
Choke – ON
ENGINE FAILURE DURING FLIGHT – PORPELLER STOPPED
(1) Electrical Equipment - OFF
(2) Master Switch - ON
(3) Prop Pitch – FINE (full forward)
(4) Electric Fuel Pump – ON
(5) Cold start
•
Throttle – IDLE
•
Choke - ON
(6) Warm start
•
Throttle – 2 CM IN
•
Choke – OFF
(7) Ignition Switch – START
POWER LOSS DURING FLIGHT
(1) Throttle – NOT TO BE MOVED
(2) Choke - OFF
(3) Try to restore power with adjusting
•
Carb. Heat
•
Electric Fuel Pump
•
Ignition Switch
•
Prop Pitch – PROPER REACTIONS
If engine power cannot be restored to normal, apply minimum power setting to
continue the flight and land on the nearest airfield.
3-4
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
FORCED
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
LANDINGS
EMERGENCY LANDING WITH ENGINE RUNNING
Before touchdown, when field identified
(1) Airspeed--65 KIAS (flaps UP).
55 KIAS (flaps DOWN).
(2) Throttle – AS REQUIRED.
(3) Prop Pitch – FINE (full forward).
(4) Wing Flaps – AS REQUIRED.
(5) Cabin Doors – UNLATCH PRIOR TO TOUCHDOWN.
(6) Safety Harness – TIGHTEN.
When landing is safe
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)
(12)
Touchdown - SLIGHTLY TAIL LOW.
Brakes — APPLY HEAVILY.
Throttle – IDLE.
Fuel Shutoff Valve – OFF.
Master Switch – OFF.
Ignition Switch – OFF.
EMERGENCY LANDING WITHOUT ENGINE POWER
(1) Airspeed--65 KIAS (flaps UP).
55 KIAS (flaps DOWN).
(2) Cabin Doors – UNLATCH PRIOR TO TOUCHDOWN.
(3) Safety Harness – TIGHTEN.
(4) Wing Flaps – AS REQUIRED.
(5) Master Switch – OFF.
(6) Fuel Shutoff Valve – OFF.
(7) Ignition Switch – OFF.
PRECAUTIONARY LANDING WITH ENGINE POWER
Before landing off an airfield, slowly fly over the selected field, and check the
obstructions and the texture. If the field is suitable, land following the given
procedure:
3-5
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
(1) Airspeed--65 KIAS (flaps UP).
55 KIAS (flaps DOWN).
(2) Throttle – AS REQUIRED.
(3) Prop Pitch – FINE (full forward).
(4) Wing Flaps – AS REQUIRED.
(5) Cabin Doors – UNLATCH PRIOR TO TOUCHDOWN.
(6) Safety Harness – TIGHTEN.
(7) Fuel Shutoff Valve – OFF.
(8) Master Switch – OFF.
(9) Ignition Switch – OFF.
3-6
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
DITCHING
(1) Radio — TRANSMIT MAYDAY on 121. 5 MHz, giving location
and intentions.
(2) Heavy Objects (in baggage area) — SECURE or JETTISON.
(3) Approach — High Winds, Heavy Seas — INTO THE WIND.
Light Winds, Heavy Swells - PARALLEL TO
SWELLS.
(4) Wing Flaps - 40°.
(5) Power - ESTABLISH 300 FT/MIN DESCENT at 55 KIAS.
(6) Cabin Doors -- UNLATCH.
(7) Touchdown — LEVEL ATTITUDE AT 300 FT/MIN DESCENT.
(8) Face — CUSHION at touchdown with folded coat.
(9) Airplane — EVACUATE through cabin doors. If necessary,
open window and flood cabin to equalize pressure so doors can
be opened.
(10) Life Vests and Raft - INFLATE.
FIRES
DURING START ON GROUND
(1) Cranking — CONTINUE, to get a start which would suck the
flames and accumulated fuel through the carburetor and into the
engine.
If engine starts:
(2)
(3)
Power — FULL for a few minutes.
Engine - SHUTDOWN and inspect for damage.
If engine fails to start:
Cranking — CONTINUE in an effort to obtain a start.
Fire Extinguisher — OBTAIN (have ground attendants obtain if
installed).
Engine — SECURE.
a. Master Switch -- OFF.
b. Ignition Switch -- OFF.
c. Fuel Shutoff Valve — OFF.
(7) Fire — EXTINGUISH using fire extinguisher, wool blanket, or
dirt.
(8) Fire Damage — INSPECT, repair damage or replace damaged
components or wiring before conducting another flight.
(4)
(5)
not
(6)
ENGINE FIRE IN FLIGHT
(1) Mixture - IDLE CUT-OFF.
3-5
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
(2) Fuel Shutoff Valve - OFF.
(3) Master Switch — OFF.
(4) Cabin Heat and Air -- OFF (except wing root vents).
(5) Airspeed — 85 KIAS (If fire is not extinguished, increase glide
speed to find an airspeed which will provide an incombustible mixture).
(6) Forced Landing -- EXECUTE (as described in Emergency Landing Without Engine Power).
ELECTRICAL FIRE IN FLIGHT
(1) Master Switch — OFF.
(2) All Other Switches (except ignition switch) — OFF.
(3) Vents/Cabin Air/Heat - CLOSED.
(4) Fire Extinguisher — ACTIVATE (if available).
After discharging an extinguisher within a closed cabin,
ventilate the cabin.
If fire appears out and electrical power is necessary for continuance
of flight:
(5) Master Switch- ON.
(6) Circuit Breakers — -CHECK for faulty circuit, do not reset.
(7) Radio/Electrical Switches — ON one at a time, with delay after
each until short circuit is localized.
(8) Vents/Cabin Air/Heat — OPEN when it is ascertained that fire
is completely extinguished.
CABIN FIRE
(1)
(2)
(3)
Master Switch -- OFF.
Vents/Cabin Air/Heat — CLOSED (to avoid drafts).
Fire Extinguisher — ACTIVATE (if available).
After discharging an extinguisher within a closed cabin,
ventilate the cabin.
(4)
3-6
Land the airplane as soon as possible to inspect for
damage.
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
WING FIRE
(1) Navigation Light Switch -- OFF.
(2) Strobe Light Switch -- OFF.
(3) Pitot Heat Switch -- OFF.
NOTE
Perform a side slip to keep the flames away from the
fuel tank and cabin, and land as soon as possible, with
flaps retracted.
ICING
INADVERTENT ICING ENCOUNTER
(1) Turn pitot heat switch ON (if installed).
(2) Turn back or change altitude to obtain an outside air
temperature that is less conducive to icing.
(3) Pull cabin heat control full out to obtain maximum defroster air
temperature.
For greater air flow at reduced temperatures, adjust
the cabin air control as required.
(4) Open the throttle to increase engine speed and minimize ice
build-up on propeller blades.
(5) Watch for signs of carburetor air filter ice and apply carburetor
heat as required. An unexpected loss in engine speed could be
caused by carburetor ice or air intake filter ice. Lean the mixture
for maximum RPM, if carburetor heat is used continuously.
(6) Plan a landing at the nearest airport. With an extremely rapid
ice build-up, select a suitable "off airport" landing site.
(7) With an ice accumulation of 1/4 inch or more on the wing
leading edges, be prepared for significantly higher stall speed.
(8) Leave wing flaps retracted. With a severe ice build-up on the
horizontal tail, the change in wing wake airflow direction caused
by wing flap extension could result in a loss of elevator effectiveness.
(9) Open left window and if practical scrape ice from a portion of
the windshield for visibility in the landing approach.
(10) Perform a landing approach using a forward slip, if
necessary, for improved visibility.
(11) Approach at 65 to 75 KIAS depending upon the
amount of ice accumulation.
(12) Perform a landing in level attitude.
3-7
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
LANDING WITH A FLAT MAIN TIRE
(1) Wing Flaps -- AS DESIRED.
(2) Approach -- NORMAL.
(3) Touchdown -- GOOD TIRE FIRST, hold airplane off flat tire as
long as possible with aileron control.
ELECTRICAL POWER
MALFUNCTIONS
OVER-VOLTAGE
LIGHT
SUPPLY
SYSTEM
ILLUMINATES
(1) Master Switch -- OFF (both sides).
(2) Master Switch -- ON.
(3) Over-Voltage Light -- OFF.
If over-voltage light illuminates again:
(4)
Flight -- TERMINATE as soon as practical.
AMMETER SHOWS DISCHARGE
(1)
(2)
(3)
3-8
Alternator - OFF.
Nonessential Electrical Equipment -- OFF.
Flight - TERMINATE as soon as practical.
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
AMPLIFIED
ENGINE
PROCEDURES
FAILURE
If an engine failure occurs during the takeoff run, the most important
thing to do is stop the airplane on the remaining runway. Those extra items
on the checklist will provide added safety during a failure of this type.
Prompt lowering of the nose to maintain airspeed and establish a glide
attitude is the first response to an engine failure after takeoff. In most
cases, the landing should be planned straight ahead with only small changes
in direction to avoid obstructions. Altitude and airspeed are seldom sufficient to execute a 180° gliding turn necessary to return to the runway.
The checklist procedures assume that adequate time exists to secure the
fuel and ignition systems prior to touchdown.
After an engine failure in flight, the best glide speed as shown in Figure 3-1 should be established as quickly as possible. While gliding toward a suitable landing area, an effort should be made to identify the cause
of the failure. If time permits, an engine restart should be attempted as
shown in the checklist. If the engine cannot be restarted, a forced landing
without power must be completed.
HEIGHT ABOVE TERRAIN - FT
12,000
10,000
8000
6000
4000
* SPEED 60 KIAS
* PROPELLER WIND/WILLING
* FLAPS UP * ZERO WIND
2000
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
GROUND DISTANCE - NAUTICAL MILES
Figure 3-1. Maximum Glide
3-9
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
FORCED LANDINGS
If all attempts to restart the engine fail and a forced landing is
imminent, select a suitable field and prepare for the landing as discussed in the checklist for engine-off emergency landings.
Before attempting an "off airport" landing with engine power available, one should drag the landing area at a safe but low altitude to inspect
the terrain for obstructions and surface conditions, proceeding as discussed under the Precautionary Landing With Engine Power checklist.
Prepare for ditching by securing or jettisoning heavy objects located
in the baggage area and collect folded coats for protection of occupants'
face at touchdown. Transmit Mayday message on 121. 5 MHz giving location and intentions.
LANDING
WITHOUT ELEVATOR CONTROL
Trim for horizontal flight (with an airspeed of approximately 55 KIAS
and flaps lowered to 20°) by using throttle and elevator trim controls.
Then do not change the elevator trim control setting; control the glide
angle by adjusting power exclusively.
At flareout, the nose-down moment resulting from power reduction
is an adverse factor and the airplane may hit on the nose wheel. Consequently, at flareout, the trim control should be set at the full nose-up
position and the power adjusted so that the airplane will rotate to the horizontal attitude for touchdown. Close the throttle at touchdown.
FIRES
Although engine fires are extremely rare in flight, the steps of the
appropriate checklist should be followed if one is encountered. After
completion of this procedure, execute a forced landing. Do not attempt
to restart the engine.
The initial indication of an electrical fire is usually the odor of burning insulation. The checklist for this problem should result in elimination
of the fire.
3-10
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
EMERGENCY OPERATION
(Vacuum System Failure)
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
IN CLOUDS
In the event of a vacuum system failure during flight in marginal
weather, the directional indicator and attitude indicator will be disabled,
and the pilot will have to rely on the turn coordinator or the turn and bank
indicator if he inadvertently flies into clouds. The following instructions
assume that only the electrically-powered turn coordinator or the turn
and bank indicator is operative, and that the pilot is not completely proficient in instrument flying.
EXECUTING A 180 ° TURN IN CLOUDS
Upon inadvertently entering the clouds, an immediate plan should be
made to turn back as follows:
(1) Note the time of the minute hand and observe the position of the
sweep second hand on the clock.
(2) When the sweep second hand indicates the nearest half-minute,
initiate a standard rate left turn, holding the turn coordinator symbolic airplane wing opposite the lower left index mark for 60 seconds.
Then roll back to level flight by leveling the miniature airplane.
(3) Check accuracy of the turn by observing the compass heading
which should be the reciprocal of the original heading.
(4) If necessary, adjust heading primarily with skidding motions
rather than rolling motions so that the compass will read more accurately.
(5) Maintain altitude and airspeed by cautious application of elevator
control. Avoid over controlling by keeping the hands off the control
wheel as much as possible and steering only with rudder.
EMERGENCY DESCENT THROUGH CLOUDS
If conditions preclude reestablishment of VFR flight by a 180° turn, a
descent through a cloud deck to VFR conditions may be appropriate. If
possible, obtain radio clearance for an emergency descent through clouds.
To guard against a spiral dive, choose an easterly or westerly heading to
minimize compass card swings due to changing bank angles. In addition,
keep hands off the control wheel and steer a straight course with rudder
control by monitoring the turn coordinator. Occasionally check the compass heading and make minor corrections to hold an approximate course.
Before descending into the clouds, set up a stabilized let-down condition
as follows:
3-11
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
(1) Apply full rich mixture.
(2) Use full carburetor heat.
(3) Reduce power to set up a 500 to 800 ft/min rate of descent.
(4) Adjust the elevator trim for a stabilized descent at 70 KIAS.
(5) Keep hands off control wheel.
(6) Monitor turn coordinator and make corrections by rudder alone.
(7) Check trend of compass card movement and make cautious corrections with rudder to stop turn.
(8) Upon breaking out of clouds, resume normal cruising flight.
RECOVERY FROM A SPIRAL DIVE
If a spiral is encountered, proceed as follows:
(1) Close the throttle.
(2) Stop the turn by using coordinated aileron and rudder control to
align the symbolic airplane in the turn coordinator with the horizon
reference line.
(3) Cautiously apply elevator back pressure to slowly reduce the airspeed to 70 KIAS.
(4) Adjust the elevator trim control to maintain a 70 KIAS glide.
(5) Keep hands off the control wheel, using rudder control to hold a
straight heading.
(6) Apply carburetor heat.
(7) Clear engine occasionally, but avoid using enough power to
disturb the trimmed glide.
(8) Upon breaking out of clouds, resume normal cruising flight.
FLIGHT IN ICING CONDITIONS
Flight into icing conditions is prohibited. An inadvertent encounter
with these conditions can best be handled using the checklist procedures.
The best procedure, of course, is to turn back or change altitude to escape icing conditions.
SPINS
Should an inadvertent spin occur, the following recovery procedure
should be used:
(1) RETARD THROTTLE TO IDLE POSITION.
(2) PLACE AILERONS IN NEUTRAL POSITION.
3-12
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
(3) APPLY AND HOLD FULL RUDDER OPPOSITE TO THE DIRECTION OF ROTATION.
(4) JUST AFTER THE RUDDER REACHES THE STOP, MOVE THE
CONTROL WHEEL BRISKLY FORWARD FAR ENOUGH TO BREAK
THE STALL. Full down elevator may be required at aft center of
gravity loadings to assure optimum recoveries.
(5) HOLD THESE CONTROL INPUTS UNTIL ROTATION STOPS.
Premature relaxation of the control inputs may extend the recovery.
(6) AS ROTATION STOPS, NEUTRALIZE RUDDER, AND MAKE A
SMOOTH RECOVERY FROM THE RESULTING DIVE.
NOTE
If disorientation precludes a visual determination of the
direction of rotation, the symbolic airplane in the turn
coordinator or the needle of the turn and bank indicator
may be referred to for this information.
For additional information on spins and spin recovery, see the discussion under SPINS in Normal Procedures (Section 4).
ROUGH
ENGINE OPERATION OR LOSS OF POWER
CARBURETOR
ICING
A gradual loss of RPM and eventual engine roughness may result from
the formation of carburetor ice. To clear the ice, apply full throttle and
pull the carburetor heat knob full out until the engine runs smoothly; then
remove carburetor heat and readjust the throttle. If conditions require the
continued use of carburetor heat in cruise flight, use the minimum amount
of heat necessary to prevent ice from forming and lean the mixture slightly
for smoothest engine operation.
SPARK PLUG FOULING
A slight engine roughness in flight may be caused by one or more
spark plugs becoming fouled by carbon or lead deposits. This may be
verified by turning the ignition switch momentarily from BOTH to either
L or R position. An obvious power loss in single ignition operation is
evidence of spark plug or magneto trouble. Assuming that spark plugs
are the more likely cause, lean the mixture to the recommended lean setting for cruising flight. If the problem does not clear up in several minutes, determine if a richer mixture setting will produce smoother operation. If not, proceed to the nearest airport for repairs using the BOTH
3-13
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
position of the ignition switch unless extreme roughness dictates the use
of a single ignition position.
MAGNETO MALFUNCTION
A sudden engine roughness or misfiring is usually evidence of magneto problems. Switching from BOTH to either L or R ignition switch
position will identify which magneto is malfunctioning. Select different
power settings and enrichen the mixture to determine if continued operation on BOTH magnetos is practicable. If not, switch to the good magneto
and proceed to the nearest airport for repairs.
LOW OIL PRESSURE
If low oil pressure is accompanied by normal oil temperature, there
is a possibility the oil pressure gage or relief valve is malfunctioning.
A leak in the line to the gage is not necessarily cause for an immediate
precautionary landing because an orifice in this line will prevent a sudden
loss of oil from the engine sump. However, a landing at the nearest airport would be advisable to inspect the source of trouble.
If a total loss of oil pressure is accompanied by a rise in oil temperature, there is good reason to suspect an engine failure is imminent. Reduce engine power immediately and select a suitable forced landing field.
Use only the minimum power required to reach the desired touchdown spot.
ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM MALFUNCTIONS
Malfunctions in the electrical power supply system can be detected
by periodic monitoring of the ammeter and over-voltage warning light;
however, the cause of these malfunctions is usually difficult to determine.
Broken or loose alternator wiring is most likely the cause of alternator
failures, although other factors could cause the problem. A damaged or
improperly adjusted voltage regulator can also cause malfunctions.
Problems of this nature constitute an electrical emergency and should
be dealt with immediately. Electrical power malfunctions usually fall
into two categories: excessive rate of charge and insufficient rate of
charge. The paragraphs below describe the recommended remedy for
each situation.
EXCESSIVE RATE OF CHARGE
After engine starting and heavy electrical usage at low engine speeds
(such as extended taxiing) the battery condition will be low enough to ac3-14
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
cept above normal charging during the initial part of a flight.
However,
after thirty minutes of cruising flight, the ammeter should be indicating
less than two needle widths of charging current. If the charging rate
were to remain above this value on a long flight, the battery would
overheat and evaporate the electrolyte at an excessive rate.
Electronic
components in the electrical system could be adversely affected by higher
than normal voltage if a faulty voltage regulator setting is causing the
overcharging.
To preclude these possibilities, an over-voltage sensor will automatically shut down the alternator and the over-voltage warning light will
illuminate if the charge voltage reaches approximately 16 volts.
Assum- ing that the malfunction was only momentary, an attempt should
be made to reactivate the alternator system.
To do this,
turn both sides of the master switch off and then on again. If the problem
no longer exists, normal alternator charging will resume and the
warning light will go off. If the light comes on again, a malfunction is
confirmed.
In this event, the flight should be
terminated and/or the current drain on the battery minimized because
the battery can supply the electrical system for only
a limited period of time. If the emergency occurs at night, power
must be conserved for later use of the landing light and flaps during
landing.
INSUFFICIENT RATE OF CHARGE
If the ammeter indicates a continuous discharge rate in flight, the
alternator is not supplying power to the system and should be shut down
since the alternator field circuit may be placing an unnecessary load on
the system. All nonessential equipment should be turned off and the
flight terminated as soon as practical.
3-15/(3-16 blank)
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
TABLE
OF CONTENTS
Page
Introduction.
4-3
Speeds For Normal Operation
4-3
CHECKLIST PROCEDURES
Preflight Inspection
Cabin
Empennage
Right Wing, Trailing Edge
Right Wing
Nose
Left Wing
Left Wing, Leading Edge
Left Wing, Trailing Edge
Before Starting Engine
Starting Engine
Before Takeoff
Takeoff
Normal Takeoff
Short Field Takeoff
Enroute Climb
Cruise
Before Landing
Landing
Normal Landing
Short Field Landing
Balked Landing
After Landing
Securing Airplane
AMPLIFIED PROCEDURES
Starting Engine
Taxiing
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-7
4-7
4-7
4-7
4-8
4-8
4-8
4-8
4-8
4-8
4-9
4-9
4-9
4-9
4-11
4-11
4-1
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
(Continued)
Page
Before Takeoff
Warm-Up
Magneto Check
Alternator Check
Takeoff
Power Check
Flap Settings
Short Field Takeoff
Crosswind Takeoff
Enroute Climb
Normal Climb
Best Rate of Climb
Best Angle of Climb
Cruise
Stalls
Spins
Landing
Short Field Landing
Crosswind Landing
Balked Landing
Cold Weather Operation
Noise Abatement
4-2
4-13
4-13
4-13
4-13
4-13
4-13
4-14
4-14
4-15
4-15
4-15
4-15
4-15
4-15
4-17
4-17
4-19
4-19
4-20
4-20
4-20
4-22
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
INTRODUCTION
Section 4 provides checklist and amplified procedures for the conduct of normal operation. Normal procedures associated with Optional
Systems can be found in Section 9.
SPEEDS FOR NORMAL OPERATION
Unless otherwise noted, the following speeds are based on a maximum weight of 726 KG and may be used for any lesser weight.
Takeoff:
Normal Climb Out . . . . . . . . . . . . 60-70 KIAS
Short Field Takeoff, Flaps Up, Speed at 50 Feet . . . 60 KIAS
Climb, Flaps Up:
65-75 KIAS
Normal
68 KIAS
Best Rate of Climb, Sea Level
Best Rate of Climb, 10,000 Feet
62 KIAS
Best Angle of Climb, Sea Level
56 KIAS
thru 10,000 Feet
Landing Approach:
Normal Approach, Flaps Up
60-70 KIAS
Normal Approach, Flaps 40°. . . . . . . . . 50-60 KIAS
Short Field Approach, Flaps 40°
52 KIAS
Balked Landing:
Maximum Power, Flaps 20°
55 KIAS
Maximum Recommended Turbulent Air Penetration Speed:
725 kg
97 KIAS
657 kg
93 KIAS
589 kg
88 KIAS
Maximum Demonstrated Crosswind Velocity
13 KNOTS
4-3
CESSN
A MODEL
150M
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
NOTE
Visually check airplane for general condition during
walk-around inspection. In cold weather, remove
even small accumulations of frost, ice or snow from
wing, tail and control surfaces. Also, make sure
that control surfaces contain no internal accumulations of ice or debris. If a night flight is planned,
check operation of all lights, and make sure a flashlight is available.
Figure 4-1 .
4-4
Preflight Inspection
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
CHECKLIST
PREFLIGHT
(1 )
PROCEDURES
INSPECTION
C AB I N
(1) Control Wheel Lock -- REMOVE.
(2) Ignition Switch -- OFF.
(3) Master Switch -- ON.
(4) Fuel Quantity Indicators -- CHECK QUANTITY.
(5) Master Switch -- OFF.
(6) Fuel Shutoff Valve -- ON.
(2) EMPENNAGE
(1) Rudder Gust Lock - REMOVE.
(2) Tail Tie-Down -- DISCONNECT.
(3) Control Surfaces ~ CHECK freedom of movement and security.
(3) RIGHT WINGTrailing Edge
(1)
Aileron - CHECK freedom of movement and security.
(4) RIGHT WING
(1) Wing Tie-Down - DISCONNECT.
(2) Main Wheel Tire ~ CHECK for proper inflation
(3) Before first flight of the day and after each refueling, use
sampler cup and drain small quantity of fuel from fuel tank sump
quick-drain valve to check for water, sediment, and proper fuel
grade .
(4) Fuel Quantity - CHECK VISUALLY for desired level.
(5) Fuel Filler Cap - SECURE.
(5) NOSE
(1) Engine Oil Level — CHECK, do not operate with less than
2,5 liters. Fill to 3,5 liters for extended flight. Before first flight of
the day, check the ignition switch and main switch are off, and turn
the propeller by hand several times in the direction of its rotation to
pre-lubricate the engine prior to start.
(2) Before first flight of the day and after each refueling, pull
out strainer drain knob for about four seconds to clear fuel
strainer of possible water and sediment. Check strainer drain
closed. If water is observed, the fuel system may contain
additional water, and further draining of the system at the
strainer, fuel tank sumps, and fuel line drain plug will be necessary.
(3) Check the engine coolant fluid level.
4-5
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
(3) Propeller and Spinner -- CHECK for nicks and security.
(4) Carburetor Air Filter -- CHECK for restrictions by dust
or other foreign matter.
(5) Landing Light(s) -- CHECK for condition and cleanliness.
(6) Nose Wheel Strut and Tire -- CHECK for proper inflation.
(7) Nose Tie-Down -- DISCONNECT.
(8) Static Source Opening (left side of fuselage) -- CHECK for
stoppage.
( 6) ) LEFT WING
(1) Main Wheel Tire -- CHECK for proper inflation.
(2) Before first flight of day and after each refueling, use
sampler cup and drain small quantity of fuel from fuel tank
sump quick-drain valve to check for water, sediment and
proper fuel grade.
(3) Fuel Quantity -- CHECK VISUALLY for desired level.
(4) Fuel Filler Cap -- SECURE.
( 7) ) LEFT WING Leading Edge
(1) Pitot Tube Cover -- REMOVE and check opening for stoppage.
(2) Stall Warning Opening -- CHECK for stoppage. To check the
system, place a clean handkerchief over the vent opening and
apply suction; a sound from the warning horn will confirm system operation.
(3) Fuel Tank Vent Opening -- CHECK for stoppage.
(4) Wing Tie-Down -- DISCONNECT.
( 8) ) LEFT WING Trailing Edge
(1) Aileron -- CHECK freedom of movement and security.
BEFORE STARTING
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
4- 6
ENGINE
Preflight Inspection -- COMPLETE.
Seats, Belts, Shoulder Harnesses -- ADJUST and LOCK.
Fuel Shutoff Valve -- ON.
Radios, Electrical Equipment -- OFF.
Brakes -- TEST and SET.
Circuit Breakers -- CHECK IN.
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
STARTING
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
ENGINE
(1) Prop Lever -- FORWARD.
(2) Carburetor Heat -- OFF.
(3) Master Switch -- ON.
(4) Electric Fuel Pump – ON for 3 seconds, then OFF.
(5) For a cold start:
•
Choke – ON.
•
Throttle -- IDLE.
(6) For a warm start:
•
Choke – OFF.
•
Throttle – 2 CM IN.
(7) Propeller Area -- CLEAR.
(8) Ignition Switch -- START (release when engine starts).
(9) Oil Pressure -- CHECK.
BEFORE
TAKEOFF
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
Cabin Doors -- CLOSED and LATCHED,
Parking Brake -- SET.
Flight Controls -- FREE and CORRECT.
Flight Instruments -- SET.
Fuel Shutoff Valve -- ON.
Prop Lever -- FORWARD (Above 300 ft AAL reduce RPM to 2260).
Elevator Trim -- TAKEOFF.
Throttle -- 1700 RPM.
a. Magnetos -- CHECK (RPM drop should not exceed 150
RPM on either magneto or 75 RPM differential between
magnetos).
b. Carburetor Heat -- CHECK (for RPM drop).
c. Engine Instruments and Ammeter -- CHECK.
d. Suction Gage -- CHECK.
(9) Throttle – 1800 RPM
a. Prop Lever – 1700 RPM
b. Throttle – INCREASE slightly
c. RPM – Should not rise
d. Prop Lever - FORWARD
(10) Radios -- SET.
(11) Flashing Beacon, Navigation Lights and/or Strobe Lights -ON as required.
(12) Throttle Friction Lock -- ADJUST.
4-7
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
TAKEOFF
NORMAL TAKEOFF
(1) Wing Flaps -- 0°°.
(2) Carburetor Heat -- COLD.
(3) Throttle -- FULL OPEN.
(4) Elevator Control -- LIFT NOSE WHEEL at 50 KIAS.
(5) Climb speed – 60-70 KIAS
SHORT FIELD TAKEOFF
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
Wing Flaps -- 0°.
Prop Lever -- FORWARD (Above 300 ft AAL reduce RPM to 2260).
Carburetor Heat -- COLD.
Brakes -- APPLY.
Throttle -- FULL OPEN.
Brakes -- RELEASE.
Elevator Control -- SLIGHTLY TAIL LOW.
Climb Speed -- 60 KIAS (With obstacles ahead).
ENROUTE
CLIMB
(1) Airspeed -- 65-75 KIAS
NOTE
If a maximum performance climb is necessary, use
speeds shown in the Rate Of Climb chart in Section 5.
(2) Throttle -- FULL OPEN.
(3) Fuel pump -- OFF
CRUISE
(1) Power -- 2000 RPM (no more than 65 %).
(2) Manifold Pressure 24.65
(3) Elevator Trim - ADJUST.
BEFORE
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
LANDING
Seats, Belts, Harnesses - ADJUST and LOCK.
Fuel Pump - ON.
Prop Lever -- Forward
Carburetor Heat - ON (apply full heat before closing throttle).
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
LANDING
NORMAL LANDING
(1) Airspeed - 60-70 KIAS (flaps UP).
(2) Wing Flaps - AS DESIRED (below 85 KIAS).
(3) Airspeed - 50-60 KIAS (flaps DOWN).
4-8
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
(4) Touchdown -- MAIN WHEELS FIRST.
(5) Landing Roll -- LOWER NOSE WHEEL GENTLY.
(6) Braking -- MINIMUM REQUIRED.
SHORT FIELD LANDING
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
Airspeed -- 60-70 KIAS (flaps UP).
Wing Flaps -- 40° (below 85 KIAS).
Airspeed -- MAINTAIN 52 KIAS.
Power -- REDUCE to idle as obstacle is cleared.
Touchdown -- MAIN WHEELS FIRST.
Brakes - APPLY HEAVILY.
Flaps -- RETRACT.
BALKED LANDING
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Throttle -- FULL OPEN.
Carburetor Heat -- COLD.
Wing Flaps -- RETRACT TO 20°.
Airspeed -- 55 KIAS.
Wing Flaps -- RETRACT (slowly).
AFTER LANDING
(1) Wing Flaps -- UP.
(2) Carburetor Heat -- COLD.
(3) Fuel Pump-- OFF
SECURING AIRPLANE
(1) Parking Brake -- SET.
(2) Radios, Electrical Equipment -- OFF.
(3) Mixture -- IDLE CUT-OFF (pull full out).
(4) Ignition Switch -- OFF.
(5) Master Switch -- OFF.
(6) Control Lock -- INSTALL.
4-9/(4-10 blank)
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
AMPLIFIED
STARTING
PROCEDURES
ENGINE
Ordinarily the engine starts easily with one or two strokes of primer
in warm temperatures to six strokes in cold weather, with the throttle
open approximately 1/4 inch. In extremely cold temperatures, it may be
necessary to continue priming while cranking.
Weak intermittent firing followed by puffs of black smoke from the
exhaust stack indicate overpriming or flooding. Excess fuel can be
cleared from the combustion chambers by the following procedure: Set
mixture control in the idle cut-off position, throttle full open, and crank
the engine through several revolutions with the starter. Repeat the starting procedure without any additional priming.
If the engine is underprimed (most likely in cold weather with a cold
engine) it will not fire at all, and additional priming will be necessary.
As soon as the cylinders begin to fire, open the throttle slightly to keep
it running.
After starting, if the oil gage does not begin to show pressure within
30 seconds in the summertime and about twice that long in very cold
weather, stop engine and investigate. Lack of oil pressure can cause
serious engine damage. After starting, avoid the use of carburetor heat
unless icing conditions prevail.
TAXIING
When taxiing, it is important that speed and use of brakes be held to
a minimum and that all controls be utilized (see Taxiing Diagram, Figure
4-2) to maintain directional control and balance.
The carburetor heat control knob should be pushed full in during all
ground operations unless heat is absolutely necessary. When the knob is
pulled out to the heat position, air entering the engine is not filtered.
Taxiing over loose gravel or cinders should be done at low engine
speed to avoid abrasion and stone damage to the propeller tips.
The nose wheel is designed to automatically center straight ahead
when the nose strut is fully extended. In the event the nose strut is over4-11
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
USE UP AILERON
ON LH WING AND
NEUTRAL ELEVATOR
USE UP AILERON
ON RH WING AND
NEUTRAL ELEVATOR
USE DOWN AILERON
ON LH WING AND
DOWN ELEVATOR
USE DOWN AILERON
ON RH WING AND
DOWN ELEVATOR
NOTE
CODE
WIND DIRECTION
Figure 4-2.
4-12
Strong quartering tail winds require caution.
Avoid sudden bursts of the throttle and sharp
braking when the airplane is in this attitude.
Use the steerable nose wheel and rudder to
maintain direction.
Taxiing Diagram
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
inflated and the airplane is loaded to a rearward center of gravity position, it may be necessary to partially compress the strut to permit steering. This can be accomplished prior to taxiing by depressing the airplane
nose (by hand) or during taxi by sharply applying brakes.
BEFORE TAKEOFF
WARM-UP
Most of the warm-up will have been conducted during taxi, and additional warm-up before takeoff should be restricted to the checklist procedures. Since the engine is closely cowled for efficient in-flight cooling,
precautions should be taken to avoid overheating on the ground.
MAGNETO CHECK
The magneto check should be made at 1700 RPM as follows: Move
ignition switch first to R position and note RPM. Next move switch back
to BOTH to clear the other set of plugs. Then move switch to the L position, note RPM and return the switch to the BOTH position.
RPM drop
should not exceed 150 RPM on either magneto or show greater than 75
RPM differential between magnetos. If there is a doubt concerning operation of the ignition system, RPM checks at higher engine speeds will
usually confirm whether a deficiency exists.
An absence of RPM drop may be an indication of faulty grounding of
one side of the ignition system or should be cause for suspicion that the
magneto timing is set in advance of the setting specified.
ALTERNATOR CHECK
Prior to flights where verification of proper alternator and voltage
regulator operation is essential (such as night or instrument flights), a
positive verification can be made by loading the electrical system momentarily (3 to 5 seconds) with the landing light, or by operating the
wing flaps during the engine runup (1700 RPM). The ammeter will
remain within a needle width of its initial position if the alternator and
voltage regulator are operating properly.
TAKEOFF
POWER CHECK
It is important to check full-throttle engine operation early in the
4-13
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
takeoff run. Any sign of rough engine operation or sluggish engine
acceleration is good cause for discontinuing the takeoff. If this occurs,
you are justified in making a thorough full-throttle static runup before
another takeoff is attempted. The engine should run smoothly and
turn approximately 2460 to 2560 RPM with carburetor heat off and mixture full rich.
NOTE
At higher airport altitudes, this check should be made
with the mixture leaned to provide maximum engine
RPM.
Full throttle runups over loose gravel are especially harmful to propeller tips. When takeoffs must be made over a gravel surface, it is
very important that the throttle be advanced slowly. This allows the airplane to start rolling before high RPM is developed, and the gravel will
be blown back of the propeller rather than pulled into it. When unavoidable small dents appear in the propeller blades, they should be immediately corrected as described in Section 8 under Propeller Care.
Prior to takeoff from fields above 5000 feet elevation, the mixture
should be leaned to give maximum RPM in a full-throttle, static runup.
After full throttle is applied, adjust the throttle friction lock clockwise to prevent the throttle from creeping back from a maximum power
position. Similar friction lock adjustment should be made as required
in other flight conditions to maintain a fixed throttle setting.
FLAP SETTINGS
Normal and short field takeoffs are performed with flaps up. The
use of 10° flaps will shorten the ground run approximately 10%, but
this advantage is lost in the climb to a 50-foot obstacle. Therefore, the
use of 10° flaps is reserved for minimum ground runs or for takeoff
from soft or rough fields.
If 10° of flaps are used on soft or rough fields with obstacles ahead,
it is preferable to leave them extended rather than retract them in the
climb to the obstacle. The exception to this rule would be in a high altitude takeoff in hot weather where climb would be marginal with flaps 10°.
Flap deflections greater than 10° are not approved for takeoff.
SHORT FIELD TAKEOFF
If an obstruction dictates the use of a steep climb angle , after liftoff
4-14
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
accelerate to and climb out at an obstacle clearance speed of 60 KIAS with
flaps retracted. This speed provides the best overall climb speed to clear
obstacles when taking into account the turbulence often found near ground
level.
CROSSWIND TAKEOFF
Takeoffs into strong crosswinds normally are performed with the
minimum flap setting necessary for the field length, to minimize the
drift angle immediately after takeoff. The airplane is accelerated to
a speed slightly higher than normal, then pulled off abruptly to prevent
possible settling back to the runway while drifting. When clear of the
ground, make a coordinated turn into the wind to correct for drift.
ENROUTE
CLIMB
When conducting the following climbs, the mixture should be full rich
below 5000 feet and may be leaned, if necessary, above 5000 feet for
smoother engine operation.
NORMAL CLIMB
Normal climbs are conducted at 65 to 75 KIAS with flaps up and full
throttle for best engine cooling.
BEST RATE OF CLIMB
The best rate of climb speeds range from 68 KIAS at sea level to 62
KIAS at 10, 000 feet with flaps up and full throttle.
BEST ANGLE OF CLIMB
If enroute terrain dictates the use of a steep climb angle, climb at the
best angle of climb speed of 56 KIAS with flaps up and full throttle.
NOTE
Steep climbs at low airspeeds should be of short duration
to allow improved engine cooling.
CRUISE
Normal cruising is performed between 55% and 75% power. The en4-15
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
gine RPM and corresponding fuel consumption for various altitudes can be
determined by using your Cessna Power Computer or the data in Section 5.
NOTE
Cruising should be done at 65% to 75% power until a total
of 50 hours has accumulated or oil consumption has stabilized. This is to ensure proper seating of the rings
and is applicable to new engines, and engines in service
following cylinder replacement or top overhaul of one or
more cylinders.
The data in Section 5 shows the increased range and improved fuel
economy that is obtainable when operating at lower power settings and
higher altitudes. The use of lower power settings and the selection of
cruise altitude on the basis of the most favorable wind conditions are
significant factors that should be considered on every trip to reduce fuel
consumption.
The Cruise Performance Table, Figure 4-3, shows the true airspeed
and nautical miles per gallon during cruise for various altitudes and percent powers. This table should be used as a guide, along with the available winds aloft information, to determine the most favorable altitude and
power setting for a given trip.
To achieve the recommended lean mixture fuel consumption figures
shown in Section 5, the mixture should be leaned as follows:
(1) Pull the mixture control out until engine RPM peaks and begins
to fall off.
(2) Enrichen slightly back to peak RPM.
75% POWER
65 % POWER
55 % POWER
KTAS
NMPG
KTAS
NMPG
KTAS
NMPG
Sea Level
100
17.9
94
19.2
88
21. 0
3500 Feet
103
18.4
97
19.8
91
21.7
7000 Feet
106
18.9
100
20.4
94
22. 4
ALTITUDE
Standard Conditions
Figure 4-3.
4-16
Zero Wind
Cruise Performance Table
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
For best fuel economy at 65% power or less, operate at the leanest
mixture that results in smooth engine operation or at 50 RPM on the lean
side of the peak RPM, whichever occurs first. This will result in approximately 5% greater range than shown in this handbook.
Carburetor ice, as evidenced by an unexplained drop in RPM, can be
removed by application of full carburetor heat. Upon regaining the original RPM (with heat off), use the minimum amount of heat (by trial and
error) to prevent ice from forming. Since the heated air causes a richer
mixture, readjust the mixture setting when carburetor heat is to be used
continuously in cruise flight.
The use of full carburetor heat is recommended during flight in very
heavy rain to avoid the possibility of engine stoppage due to excessive
water ingestion. The mixture setting should be readjusted for smoothest
operation.
STALLS
The stall characteristics are conventional for the flaps up and flaps
down condition. Slight elevator buffeting may occur just before the stall
with flaps down. The stall warning horn produces a steady signal 5 to 10
knots before the actual stall is reached and remains on until the airplane
flight attitude is changedo Stall speeds for various combinations of flap
setting and bank angle are summarized in Section 5.
SPINS
Intentional spins are approved in this airplane (see Section 2). Before
attempting to perform spins, however, several items should be carefully
considered to assure a safe flight. No spins should be attempted without
first having received dual instruction in both spin entries and spin recoveries from a qualified instructor who is familiar with the spin characteristics of the Cessna 150M.
The cabin should be clean and all loose equipment (including the microphone) should be stowed. For a solo flight in which spins will be conducted,
the copilot's seat belt and shoulder harness should be secured. Spins with
baggage loadings or occupied child's seat are not approved.
The seat belts and shoulder harnesses should be adjusted to provide
proper restraint during all anticipated flight conditions. However,, care
4-17
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
should be taken to ensure that the pilot can easily reach the flight controls
and produce maximum control travels.
It is recommended that, where feasible, entries be accomplished at
high enough altitude that recoveries are completed 4000 feet or more
above ground level. At least 1000 feet of altitude loss should be allowed
for a 1-turn spin and recovery, while a 6-turn spin and recovery may require somewhat more than twice that amount. For example, the recommended entry altitude for a 6-turn spin would be 6000 feet above ground
level. In any case, entries should be planned so that recoveries are completed well above the minimum 1500 feet above ground level required by
FAR 91.71 . Another reason for using high altitudes for practicing spins
is that a greater field of view is provided which will assist in maintaining
pilot orientation.
The normal entry is made from a power-off stall. As the stall is
approached, the elevator control should be smoothly pulled to the full aft
position. Just prior to reaching the stall "break", rudder control in the
desired direction of the spin rotation should be applied so that full rudder
deflection is reached almost simultaneously with reaching full aft elevator.
A slightly greater rate of deceleration than for normal stall entries or the
use of partial power at the entry will assure more consistent and positive
entries to the spin. Care should be taken to avoid using aileron control
since its application can increase the rotation rate and cause erratic rotation. Both elevator and rudder controls should be held full with the spin
until the spin recovery is initiated. An inadvertent relaxation of either
of these controls could result in the development of a nose-down spiral.
For the purpose of training in spins and spin recoveries, a 1 to 2turn spin is adequate and should be used. Up to 2 turns, the spin will
progress to a fairly rapid rate of rotation and a steep attitude. Application of recovery controls will produce prompt recoveries of from 1/4 to
1/2 of a turn.
If the spin is continued beyond the 2 to 3-turn range, some change in
character of the spin may be noted. Rotation rates may vary and some
additional sideslip may be felt. Normal recoveries from such extended
spins may take up to a full turn or more.
Regardless of how many turns the spin is held or how it is entered,
the following recovery technique should be used:
(1) VERIFY THAT THROTTLE IS IN IDLE POSITION AND AILERONS
ARE NEUTRAL.
(2) APPLY AND HOLD FULL RUDDER OPPOSITE TO THE DIRECTION OF ROTATION.
4-18
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
(3) JUST AFTER THE RUDDER REACHES THE STOP, MOVE THE
CONTROL WHEEL BRISKLY FORWARD FAR ENOUGH TO BREAK
THE STALL. Full down elevator may be required at aft center of
gravity loadings to assure optimum recoveries.
(4) HOLD THESE CONTROL INPUTS UNTIL ROTATION STOPS.
Premature relaxation of the control inputs may extend the recovery.
(5) AS ROTATION STOPS, NEUTRALIZE RUDDER, AND MAKE A
SMOOTH RECOVERY FROM THE RESULTING DIVE.
NOTE
If disorientation precludes a visual determination of the
direction of rotation, the symbolic airplane in the turn
coordinator or the needle of the turn and bank indicator
may be referred to for this information.
Variations in basic airplane rigging or in weight and balance due to
installed equipment or cockpit occupancy can cause differences in behavior,
particularly in extended spins. These differences are normal and will re sult in variations in the spin characteristics and in the recovery lengths
for spins of more than 3 turns. However, the above recovery procedure
should always be used and will result in the most expeditious recovery
from any spin.
Intentional spins with flaps extended are prohibited, since the high
speeds which may occur during recovery are potentially damaging to the
flap/wing structure.
LANDING
Normal landing approaches can be made with power-on or power-off
at speeds of 60 to 70 KIAS with flaps up, and 50 to 60 KIAS with flaps down.
Surface winds and air turbulence are usually the primary factors in determining the most comfortable approach speeds.
Actual touchdown should be made with power-off and on the main
wheels first. The nose wheel should be lowered smoothly to the runway
as speed is diminished.
SHORT FIELD LANDING
For a short field landing in smooth air conditions, make an approach at 52 KIAS with 40° flaps using enough power to control the
glide path. After all approach obstacles are cleared, progressively re4-19
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
duce power and maintain 52 KIAS by lowering the nose of the airplane.
Touchdown should be made with power-off and on the main wheels
first.
Immediately after touchdown, lower the nose wheel and apply
heavy braking as required.
For maximum brake effectiveness, retract
the flaps, hold full nose-up elevator, and apply maximum brake pressure without sliding the tires.
Slightly higher approach speeds should be used under turbulent air
conditions.
CROSSWIND
LANDING
When landing in a strong crosswind, use the minimum flap setting
required for the field length. Use a wing low, crab, or a combination
method of drift correction and land in a nearly level attitude.
BALKED LANDING
In a balked landing (go-around) climb, the wing flap setting should be
reduced to 20° immediately after full power is applied. Upon reaching a
safe airspeed, the flaps should be slowly retracted to the full up position.
COLD WEATHER
OPERATION
Prior to starting on cold mornings, it is advisable
pull the propeller through several times by hand to "break loose" or " limber" the
oil, thus conserving battery energy.
NOTE
When pulling the propeller through by hand, treat it
as if the ignition switch is turned on. A loose or
broken ground wire on either magneto could cause
the engine to fire.
In extremely cold (-18°C and lower) weather, the use of an external
preheater is recommended whenever possible to reduce wear and abuse
to the engine and electrical system.
Cold weather starting procedures are as follows:
With Preheat:
(1) With ignition switch OFF and throttle closed, prime the engine
four to ten strokes as the propeller is being turned over by hand.
4-20
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
NOTE
Use heavy strokes of primer for best atomization of
fuel. After priming, push primer all the way in and
turn to locked position to avoid possibility of engine
drawing fuel through the primer.
(2) Propeller Area -- CLEAR.
(3) Master Switch -- ON.
(4) Prop Lever -- Forward
(5) Throttle -- OPEN 1/4 INCH.
(6) Ignition Switch -- START.
(7) Release ignition switch to BOTH when engine starts.
(8) Oil Pressure -- CHECK.
Without Preheat:
(1) Prime the engine eight to ten strokes while the propeller is
being turned by hand with the throttle closed. Leave the primer
charged and ready for a stroke.
(2) Propeller Area -- CLEAR.
(3) Master Switch -- ON.
(4) Fuel Pump--ON
(5) Prop Lever -- Forward.
(6) Ignition Switch -- START.
(7) Pump throttle rapidly to full open twice. Return to 1/4 inch open
position.
(8) Release ignition switch to BOTH when engine starts.
(9) Continue to prime engine until it is running smoothly, or alternately, pump throttle rapidly over first 1/4 of total travel.
(10) Oil Pressure -- CHECK.
(11) Pull carburetor heat knob full on after engine has started. Leave
on until engine is running smoothly.
(12) Primer -- LOCK.
NOTE
If the engine does not start during the first few attempts,
or if engine firing diminishes in strength, it is probable
that the spark plugs have been frosted over. Preheat
must be used before another start is attempted.
Pumping the throttle may cause raw fuel to accumulate
in the intake air duct, creating a fire hazard in the event
4-21
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
of a backfire. If this occurs, maintain a cranking action
to suck flames into the engine. An outside attendant with
a fire extinguisher is advised for cold starts without preheat.
During cold weather operations no indication will be apparent on the
oil temperature gage prior to takeoff if outside air temperatures are very
cold. After a suitable warm-up period (2 to 5 minutes at 1000 RPM), accelerate the engine several times to higher engine RPM. If the engine accelerates smoothly and the oil pressure remains normal and steady, the
airplane is ready for takeoff.
When operating in temperatures below -18°C, avoid using partial carburetor heat. Partial heat may increase the carburetor air temperature
to the 0° to 21°C range, where icing is critical under certain atmospheric
conditions.
NOISE
ABATEMENT
Increased emphasis on improving the quality of our environment requires renewed effort on the part of all pilots to minimize the effect of
airplane noise on the public.
We, as pilots, can demonstrate our concern for environmental improvement, by application of the following suggested procedures, and
thereby tend to build public support for aviation:
(1) Pilots operating aircraft under VFR over outdoor assemblies
of persons, recreational and park areas, and other noise-sensitive
areas should make every effort to fly not less than 2000 feet above
the surface, weather permitting, even though flight at a lower level
may be consistent with the provisions of government regulations.
(2) During departure from or approach to an airport, climb after
takeoff and descent for landing should be made so as to avoid prolonged flight at low altitude near noise-sensitive areas.
NOTE
The above recommended procedures do not apply where
they would conflict with Air Traffic Control clearances
or instructions, or where, in the pilot's judgment, an
altitude of less than 2000 feet is necessary for him to
adequately exercise his duty to see and avoid other aircraft.
4-22
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction
Use of Performance Charts
Sample Problem
Takeoff
Cruise
Fuel Required
Landing
Figure 5-1, Airspeed Calibration
Figure 5-2, Temperature Conversion Chart
Figure 5-3, Stall Speeds
Figure 5-4, Takeoff Distance
Figure 5-5, Rate of Climb
Figure 5-6, Time, Fuel, and Distance to Climb
Figure 5-7, Cruise Performance
Figure 5-8, Range Profile - 85 liter Fuel
Range Profile - 132 liter Fuel
Figure 5-9, Endurance Profile – 85 liter Fuel
Endurance Profile - 132 liter Fuel
Figure 5-10, Landing Distance
Page
5-3
5-3
5-3
5-4
5-5
5-5
5-7
5-8
5-9
5-10
5-11
5-12
5-13
5-14
5-15
5-16
5-17
5-18
5-19
5-1/(5-2 blank)
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
INTRODUCTION
Performance data charts on the following pages are presented so
that you may know what to expect from the airplane under various
conditions, and also, to facilitate the planning of flights in detail and
with reasonable accuracy. The data in the charts has been computed
from actual flight tests with the airplane and engine in good condition
and using average piloting techniques.
It should be noted that the performance information presented in
the range and endurance profile charts allows for 45 minutes reserve
fuel based on 45% power. Fuel flow data for cruise is based on the
recommended lean mixture setting. Some indeterminate variables
such as mixture leaning technique, fuel metering characteristics,
engine and propeller condition, and air turbulence may account for
variations of 10% or more in range and endurance. Therefore, it is
important to utilize all available information to estimate the fuel
required for the particular flight.
USE OF PERFORMANCE CHARTS
Performance data is presented in tabular or graphical form to
illustrate the effect of different variables. Sufficiently detailed
information is provided in the tables so that conservative values can be
selected and used to determine the particular performance figure with
reasonable accuracy.
SAMPLE PROBLEM
The following sample flight problem utilizes information from the
various charts to determine the predicted performance data for a
typical flight. The following information is known:
AIRPLANE CONFIGURATION
Takeoff weight
Usable fuel
691 kg
85 liter
TAKEOFF CONDITIONS
Field pressure altitude
Temperature
Wind component along runway
Field length
1500 Feet
28°C (16°C above standard)
12 Knot Headwind
3500 Feet
5-3
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
CRUISE CONDITIONS
Total distance
Pressure altitude
Temperature
Expected wind enroute
330 Nautical Miles
5500 Feet
20°C (16°C above standard)
10 Knot Headwind
LANDING CONDITIONS
Field pressure altitude
Temperature
Field length
2000 Feet
25° C
3000 Feet
TAKEOFF
The takeoff distance chart, figure 5-4, should be consulted, keeping
in mind that the distances shown are based on the short field technique. Conservative distances can be established by reading the chart
at the next higher value of altitude and temperature. For example, in
this particular sample problem, the takeoff distance information presented for a pressure altitude of 2000 feet and a temperature of 30°C
should be used and results in the following:
Ground roll
Total distance to clear a 50-foot obstacle
990 Feet
1865 Feet
These distances are well within the available takeoff field length.
However, a correction for the effect of wind may be made based on Note
3 of the takeoff chart. The correction for a 12 knot headwind is:
12 Knots
9 Knots
10% =13% Decrease
This results in the following distances, corrected for wind:
Ground roll, zero wind
Decrease in ground roll
(990 feet x 13%)
Corrected ground roll
Total distance to clear a
50-foot obstacle, zero wind
Decrease in total distance
(1865 feet
x13%)
Corrected total distance
to clear 50-foot obstacle
5-4
990
129
861 Feet
1865
242
1623 Feet
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
CRUISE
The cruising altitude should be selected based on a consideration of
trip length, winds aloft, and the airplane's performance. A typical
cruising altitude and the expected wind enroute have been given for
this sample problem. However, the power setting selection for cruise
must be determined based on several considerations. These include the
cruise performance characteristics presented in figure 5-7, the range
profile chart presented in figure 5-8, and the endurance profile chart
presented in figure 5-9.
The relationship between power and range is illustrated by the
range profile chart. Considerable fuel savings and longer range result
when lower power settings are used.
The range profile chart indicates that use of 60% power at 5500 feet
yields a predicted range of 385 nautical miles under no wind conditions. The endurance profile chart, figure 5-9, shows a corresponding
4.1 hours.
The range figure of 385 nautical miles is corrected to account for
the expected 10 knot headwind at 5500 feet.
Range, zero wind
Decrease in range due to wind
(4.1 hours x 10 knot headwind)
Corrected range
385
41
344 Nautical Miles
This indicates that the trip can be made without a fuel stop using
approximately 60% power.
The cruise performance chart, figure 5-7, is entered at 6000 feet
altitude and 20°C above standard temperature. These values most
nearly correspond to the planned altitude and expected temperature
conditions. The engine speed chosen is 2600 RPM, which results in the
following:
Power
True airspeed
Cruise fuel flow
60%
98 Knots
4.5 GPH
The power computer may be used to determine power and fuel
consumption more accurately during the flight.
FUEL REQUIRED
The total fuel requirement for the flight may be estimated using the
5-5
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
performance information in figures 5-6 and 5-7.
For this sample problem, figure 5-6 shows that a climb from 2000 feet to 6000 feet requires
1.1 gallons of fuel. The corresponding distance during the climb is 9
nautical miles. These values are for a standard temperature (as shown
on the climb chart) and are sufficiently accurate for most flight planning purposes. However, a further correction for the effect of temperature may be made as noted on the climb chart. The approximate effect
of a non-standard temperature is to increase the time, fuel, and distance
by 10% for each 8°C above standard temperature, due to the lower rate
of climb. In this case, a s s u mi ng a temperature 16°C above standard,
the correction would be:
16° C x 10% = 20% Increase
8°C
With this factor included, the fuel estimate would be calculated as
follows:
Fuel to climb, standard temperature
Increase due to non-standard temp erature
(1.1 x 20%)
Corrected fuel to climb
1.1
0.2
1.3 Gallons
Using a similar procedure for the distance to climb results in 11
nautical miles.
The resultant cruise distance is:
Total distance
Climb distance
Cruise distance
330
-11
319 Nautical Miles
With an expected 10 knot headwind, the ground speed for cruise is
predicted to be:
98
-10
88 Knots
Therefore, the time required for the cruise portion of the trip is:
319 Nautical Miles =3.6 Hours
88 Knots
The fuel required for cruise is:
3.6 hours x 4.5 g a l lo ns /h o ur = 16.2 Gallons
5-6
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
The total estimated fuel required is as follows:
Engine start, taxi, and takeoff
Climb
Cruise
Total fuel required
0.8
1.3
16.2
18.3 Gallons
This will leave a fuel reserve of:
22.5
-18.3
4.2 Gallons
Once the flight is underway, ground speed checks will provide a
more accurate basis for estimating the time enroute and the corresponding fuel required to complete the trip with ample reserve.
LANDING
A procedure similar to takeoff should be used for estimating the
landing distance at the destination airport. Figure 5-10 presents landing distances for various airport altitude and temperature combinations using the short field technique. The distances corresponding to
2000 feet and 30°C are as follows:
Ground roll
Total distance to clear a 50-foot obstacle
505 Feet
1165 Feet
A correction for the effect of wind may be made based on Note 2 of the
landing chart using the same procedure as outlined for takeoff.
5- 7
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
AIRSPEED CALIBRATION
FLAPS UP
KIAS
KCAS
40
43
50
51
60
59
70
68
80
77
90
87
40
42
50
50
60
60
70
69
80
78
85
82
40
40
50
50
60
61
70
72
80
83
85
89
100
98
110
108
FLAPS 10°
KIAS
KCAS
FLAPS 40 °
KIAS
KCAS
Figure 5-1 .
5 -8
Airspeed Calibration
120
118
130
129
140
140
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
TEMPERATURE
CONVERSION
CHART
120
100
80
DEGREES-FAHRENHEIT
60
40
20
0
-20
-40
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
DEGREES - CELSIUS
Figure 5-2.
Temperature Conversion Chart
5-9
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
STALL SPEEDS
CONDITION:
Power Off
NOTE:
KIAS values are approximate.
MOST REARWARD CENTER OF GRAVITY
ANGLE OF BANK
WEIGHT
LBS
1600
FLAP
DEFLECTION
30°
0°
60°
45°
KIAS
KCAS
KIAS
KCAS
KIAS
KCAS
KIAS
KCAS
UP
46
48
49
52
55
57
65
68
10°
44
45
47
48
52
54
62
64
40°
42
42
45
45
50
50
59
59
MOST FORWARD CENTER OF GRAVITY
ANGLE OF BANK
WEIGHT
LBS
1600
FLAP
DEFLECTION
0°
30°
45°
KIAS
KCAS
KIAS
KCAS
KIAS
KCAS
KIAS
KCAS
UP
47
49
51
53
56
58
66
69
10°
45
46
48
49
54
55
64
65
40°
42
42
45
45
50
50
59
59
Figure 5 -3 . Stall Speeds
5-10
60°
CESSNA
M O D E L 150 M
T A K E O FF D I S T A N CE
SHORT FIELD
CONDITIONS:
Flaps Up
Full Throttle Prior to Brake Release
Paved, Level, Dry Runway
Zero Wind
NOTES:
1. Short field technique as specified in Section 4.
2. Prior to takeoff from fields above 5000 feet elevation, the mixture should be leaned to give maximum RPM in a ful l throttle,
static runup.
3. Decrease distances 10% for each 9 knots headwind. For operation with tailwinds up to 10 knots, increase distances by 10%
for each 2 knots.
4. Where distance value has been deleted, climb performance after lift-off is less than 150 fpm at takeoff speed.
5. For operation on a dry, grass runway, increase distances by 15% of the "ground roll" figure.
TAKEOFF
0°C
10°C
40°C
20°C
30°C
PRESS
SPEED
WEIGHT
ALT
KIAS
TOTAL
TOTAL
TOTAL
TOTAL
TOTAL
LBS
FT GRND TO CLEAR GRN D TO CLEAR
GRN D TO CLEAR GR N D TO CLEAR GRN D TO CLEAR
LIFT AT
ROLL 50 FT OBS ROLL 50 FT OBS ROLL 50 FT OBS ROLL 50 FT OBS ROLL 50 FT OBS
OFF 50 FT
1600
53
60
655
720
790
870
955
1050
1160
1285
1420
1245
1365
1500
1650
1820
2015
2245
2510
2820
710
775
855
935
1030
1140
1255
1390
1540
5-11
Figure 5-4.
1335
1465
1615
1780
1965
2185
2435
2730
3080
765
835
920
1010
1115
1230
1360
1505
1670
1435
1575
1735
1915
2125
2360
2640
2970
3370
Takeoff Distance
820
900
990
1090
1200
1325
1465
1625
1540
1690
1865
2065
2290
2555
2870
3240
880
970
1065
1170
1290
1430
1580
1650
1815
2005
2225
2475
2770
3120
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
S.L
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
RATE
OF CLIMB
MAXIMUM
CONDITIONS:
Flaps Up
Full Throttle
WEIGHT
LBS
PRESS
ALT
FT
CLIMB SPEED
KIAS
1600
S.L.
2000
4000
6000
8000
10,000
12,000
68
67
65
64
63
62
61
Figure 5-5.
5-12
RATE OF CLIMB - FPM
-20°C
0°C
20°C
40°C
770
675
580
485
390
295
200
710
615
520
430
335
240
150
655
560
465
375
280
185
595
500
405
310
215
Rate of Climb
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
TIME, FUEL, AND DISTANCE TO CLIMB
M AXIM UM RATE OF CLIMB
CONDITIONS:
Flaps Up
Full Throttle
Standard Temperature
NOTES:
1.
Add 0.8 of a gallon of fuel for engine start, taxi and takeoff allowance.
2.
Increase time, fuel and distance by 10% for each 8°C above standard temperature.
3.
Distances shown are based on zero wind.
WEIGHT
LBS
1600
PRESSURE
ALTITU DE
FT
TEMP
°C
CLIMB
SPEED
KIAS
RATE OF
CLIMB
FPM
FROM SEA LEVEL
TIME
MIN
FUEL USED
GALLONS
DISTANCE
NM
S.L.
15
68
670
0
0
0
1000
13
68
630
2
0.2
2
2000
11
67
590
3
0.5
4
3000
9
66
550
5
0.7
6
4000
7
65
510
7
1.0
8
5000
5
65
470
9
1.3
10
6000
3
64
425
11
1.6
13
7000
1
64
385
14
1.9
16
8000
-1
63
345
17
2.3
19
9000
-3
63
305
20
2.7
23
10,000
-5
62
265
23
3.2
27
11,000
-7
62
220
27
3.7
32
12,000
-9
61
180
33
4.3
38
Figure 5-6.
Time, Fuel, and Distance to Climb
5-13
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
CRUISE
PERFORMANCE
CONDITIONS:
1600 Pounds
Recommended Lean Mixture
PRESSURE
ALTITUDE
RDM
r»r IVI
2000
2650
2600
2500
2400
2300
2200
2 0 °C B E L O W
S T A N D A R D tEMP
%
KT A S G P H
BHP
------80
102
6. 0
70
97
5. 3
62
92
4. 7
54
87
4. 1
47
83
3.7
400 0
2700
2600
2500
2400
2300
2200
--75
66
58
51
45
2750
2700
2600
2500
2400
2300
--79
70
62
54
48
800 0
2700
2600
2500
2400
2300
10000
12000
6000
--101
96
91
87
82
---
--5.6
5. 0
4. 4
3. 9
3. 5
---
10 5
100
95
91
86
74
65
58
52
46
2700
2600
2500
2400
265 0
2600
2500
2400
2 0 °C A B O VE
S T A N D A RD T E MP
%
KTAS
GPH
BH P
5. 4
102
72
68
100
5.1
60
95
4. 6
53
91
4. 1
47
86
3. 7
42
81
3 .3
78
69
61
54
48
42
10 5
10 0
95
91
86
81
5. 8
5. 2
4. 6
4.1
3. 7
3. 3
72
64
57
50
45
40
10 4
99
95
90
85
80
5.4
4. 8
4 .3
3. 9
3. 5
3. 2
5.9
5. 2
4. 7
4. 2
3. 7
77
73
64
57
51
45
10 7
104
99
95
90
85
5. 8
5.4
4. 8
4 .3
3. 9
3. 5
71
67
60
53
48
42
10 5
10 3
98
94
89
84
5. 3
5.1
4 .5
4. 1
3. 7
3. 4
104
99
95
90
85
5. 5
4. 9
4. 4
4. 0
3. 6
68
60
54
48
43
10 3
99
94
89
84
5.1
4 .6
4.1
3.7
3. 4
63
57
51
45
40
102
98
93
88
82
4. 8
4 .3
3. 9
3. 5
3. 2
69
61
55
49
10 3
99
94
89
5. 2
4. 6
4 .2
3. 8
64
57
51
45
102
98
93
88
4 .8
4 .3
3. 9
3. 6
59
53
48
43
102
97
92
87
4. 5
4.1
3.7
3. 4
61
58
52
46
10 0
98
93
89
4 .6
4 .4
4 .0
3. 6
57
54
48
43
99
97
92
87
4 .3
4. 1
3. 7
3. 4
53
50
45
41
98
96
91
84
4.1
3. 9
3. 5
3. 3
Figure 5-7.
5-14
STANDARD
TEMPERATURE
%
KT A S G P H
BHP
5. 9
10 3
78
73
101
5. 5
65
96
4. 9
57
91
4. 3
50
87
3. 9
44
82
3. 5
Cruise Performance
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
RANGE PROFILE
45 MINUTES RESERVE
22. 5 GALLONS USABLE FUEL
CONDITIONS:
1600 Pounds
Recommended Lean Mixture for Cruise
Standard Temperature
Zero Wind
NOTES:
1. This chart allows for the fuel used for engine start, taxi, takeoff and climb, and the
distance during climb as shown in figure 5-6.
2. Reserve fuel is based on 45 minutes at 45% BHP and is 2.6 gallons.
12,000
98
KTAS
89
KTAS
10,000
103
KTAS
101
KTAS
100
KTAS
94
KTAS
300
340
380
91
KTAS
84
KTAS
45% POWER
55% POWER
2000
98
KTAS
65% POWER
104
KTAS
4000
S.L.
260
87
KTAS
95
KTAS
106
KTAS
6000
75% POWER
ALTITUDE - FEET
8000
88
KTAS
420
81
KTAS
460
500
RANGE - NAUTICAL MILES
Figure 5-8. Range Profile (Sheet 1 of 2)
5-15
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
RANGE PROFILE
45 MINUTES RESERVE
35. 0 GALLONS USABLE FUEL
CONDITIONS:
1600 Pounds
Recommended Lean Mixture for Cruise
Standard Temperature
Zero Wind
NOTES:
1. This chart allows for the fuel used for engine start, taxi, takeoff and climb,and the
distance during climb as shown in figure 5-6.
2. Reserve fuel is based on 45 minutes at 45% BHP and is 2.6 gallons.
12.000
98 KTAS1
89 KTAS
10,000
103 KTAS
101 KTAS
95 KTAS
87 KTAS
ALTITUDE - FEET
8000
106 KTAS
6000
104 KTAS
98 KTAS
84 KTAS
91 KTAS
4000
2000
S.L.
520
100 KTAS
560
600
94 KTAS
640
88 KTAS
680
81 KTAS
720
RANGE - NAUTICAL MILES
Figure 5-8. Range Profile (Sheet 2 of 2)
5-16
760
800
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 5
P E RF O R M A N C E
ENDURANCE PROFILE
45 MINUTES RESERVE
22. 5 GALLONS USABLE FUEL
CONDITIONS:
1600 Pounds
Recommended Lean Mixture for Cruise
Standard Temperature
NOTES:
1. This chart allows for the fuel used for engine start, taxi, takeoff and climb, and the
time during climb as shown in figure 5-6.
2. Reserve fuel is based on 45 minutes at 45% BHP and is 2.6 gallons.
12,000
10,000
ALTITUDE - FEET
8000
6000
4000
2000
S.L.
2
3
4
5
ENDURANCE - HOURS
6
7
Figure 5-9. Endurance Profile (Sheet 1 of 2)
5-17
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
ENDURANCE
PROFILE
45 MINUTES RESERVE
35. 0 GALLONS USABLE FUEL
CONDITIONS:
1600 Pounds
Recommended Lean Mixture for Cruise
Standard Temperature
NOTES:
1. This chart allows for the fuel used for engine start, taxi, takeoff and climb, and the
time during climb as shown in figure 5-6.
2. Reserve fuel is based on 45 minutes at 45% BHP and is 2.6 gallons.
12,000
10,000
ALTITUDE - FEET
8000
6000
4000
2000
S.L.
4
5
Figure 5-9.
5-18
7
6
8
ENDURANCE - HOURS
Endurance Profile (Sheet 2 of 2)
9
10
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
L AND ING DISTANCE
SHORT FIELD
CONDITIONS:
Flaps 40°
Power Off
Maximum Braking
Paved, Level, Dry Runway
Zero Wind
NOTES:
1. Short field technique as specified in Section 4.
2. Decrease distances 10% for each 9 knots headwind. For operation with tailwinds up to 10 knots, increase distances by
10% for each 2 knots.
3.
For operation on a dry, grass runway, increase distances by 45% of the ''ground roll" figure.
0°C
10°C
SPEED PRESS
WEIGHT
AT
ALT
TOTAL
TOTAL
LBS
50 FT
FT
G R N D TO CLEAR G R N D TO CLEAR
KIAS
ROLL 50 FT OBS ROLL 50 FT OBS
1600
52
S.L
425
440
455
470
490
510
530
550
570
1045
1065
1090
1115
1140
1170
1200
1230
1260
440
455
470
490
505
525
545
570
590
1065
1090
1115
1140
1165
1195
1225
1260
1290
40°C
30°C
TOTAL
TOTAL
TOTAL
GRND TO CLEAR GRND TO CLEAR GRND TO CLEAR
ROLL 50 FT OBS ROLL 50 FT OBS ROLL 50 FT OBS
455
470
490
505
525
545
565
590
610
1090
1110
1140
1165
1195
1225
1255
1290
1320
Figure 5-10. Landing Distance
470
485
505
525
545
565
585
610
630
1110
1135
1165
1195
1225
1255
1285
1320
1350
485
505
520
540
560
585
605
630
655
1135
1165
1185
1215
1245
1285
1315
1350
1385
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
5-19/(5-20 blank)
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
20°C
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction
Airplane Weighing Procedures
Weight and Balance
Equipment List
Page
6-3
6-3
6-6
6-13
6-1/(6-2 blank)
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
INTRODUCTION
This section describes the procedure for establishing the basic empty
weight and moment of the airplane. Sample forms are provided for reference. Procedures for calculating the weight and moment for various operations are also provided. A comprehensive list of all Cessna equipment
available for this airplane is included at the back of this section.
It should be noted that specific information regarding the weight, arm,
moment and installed equipment list for this airplane can only be found in
the appropriate weight and balance records carried in the airplane.
AIRPLANE
WEIGHING
PROCEDURES
(1)
Preparation:
a.
Inflate tires to recommended operating pressures.
b.
Remove the fuel tank sump quick-drain fittings and fuel line
drain plug to drain all fuel.
c.
Remove oil sump drain plug to drain all oil.
d.
Move sliding seats to the most forward position.
e.
Raise flaps to the fully retracted position.
(2)
Leveling:
a.
Place scales under each wheel (500# minimum capacity for
scales).
b.
Deflate nose tire and/or lower or raise the nose strut to
center bubble on level (see Figure 6-1).
(3) Weighing:
a. With the airplane level and brakes released, record the
weight shown on each scale. Deduct the tare, if any, from each
reading.
(4)
Measuring:
a.
Obtain measurement A by measuring horizontally (along the
airplane center line) from a line stretched between the main
wheel centers to a plumb bob dropped from the firewall.
b.
Obtain measurement B by measuring horizontally and parallel to the airplane center line, from center of nose wheel axle,
left side, to a plumb bob dropped from the line between the main
wheel centers. Repeat on right side and average the measurements.
(5) Using weights from (3) and measurements from (4) the airplane
weight and C. G. can be determined.
6-3
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
Datum (Firewall, Front Face)
Sta. 0.0
Level on Leveling Screws
(Left Side of Tailcone)
Scale Position
Scale Reading
Tare
Symbol
Left Wheel
L
Right Wheel
R
Nose Wheel
N
Sum of Net Weights (As Weighed)
W
X = AR M = (A) - (N) x (B) ; X = (
)-(
W
)x(
(
Item
Weight (Lbs.)
)= (
X C.G. Arm (In.) =
-13.5
-13.5
Add Unusable Fuel:
Std. Tanks (3.5 Gal at 6 Lbs/Gal)
40.0
L.R. Tanks (3.0 Gal at 6 Lbs/Gal)
40.0
Equipment Changes
Airplane Basic Empty Weight
Figure 6-1.
6-4
IN.
)
Airplane Weight (From Item 5, page 6-3)
Add Oil:
No Oil Filter (6 Qts at 7.5 Lbs/Gal)
With Oil Filter (7 Qts at 7.5 Lbs/Gal)
Net Weight
Sample Airplane Weighing
Moment/1000
(Lbs.-ln.)
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SAMPLE WEIGHT AND BALANCE RECORD
(Continuous History of Changes in Structure or Equipment Affecting Weight and Balance)
PAGE NUMBER
SERIAL NUMBER
AIRPLANE MODEL
WEIGHT CHANGE
ITEM NO.
ADDED (+)
DESCRIPTION
DATE
OF ARTICLE OR MODIFICATION
In
Out
Wt.
(Ib.)
Arm
(In.)
REMOVED (-)
Moment
/1000
Wt.
(Ib.)
Arm
(In.)
Wt.
(Ib.)
Moment
/1000
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
6- 5
Figure 6-2. Sample Weight and Balance Record
Moment
/1000
RUNNING BASIC
EMPTY WEIGHT
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
(6)
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
Basic Empty Weight may be determined by completing Figure 6-1.
WEIGHT
AND BALANCE
The following information will enable you to operate your Cessna
within the prescribed weight and center of gravity limitations. To figure
weight and balance, use the Sample Problem, Loading Graph, and Center
of Gravity Moment Envelope as follows:
Take the basic empty weight and moment from appropriate weight and
balance records carried in your airplane, and enter them in the column
titled YOUR AIRPLANE on the Sample Loading Problem.
NOTE
In addition to the basic empty weight and moment noted
on these records, the c. g. arm (fuselage station) is
also shown, but need not be used on the Sample Loading
Problem. The moment which is shown must be divided
by 1000 and this value used as the moment/1000 on the
loading problem.
Use the Loading Graph to determine the moment/1000 for each additional item to be carried; then list these on the loading problem.
NOTE
Loading Graph information for the pilot, passengers and
baggage is based on seats positioned for average occupants and baggage loaded in the center of the baggage
areas as shown on the Loading Arrangements diagram.
For loadings which may differ from these, the Sample
Loading Problem lists fuselage stations for these items
to indicate their forward and aft c. g. range limitation
(seat travel and baggage area limitation). Additional
moment calculations, based on the actual weight and c. g.
arm (fuselage station) of the item being loaded, must be
made if the position of the load is different from that
shown on the Loading Graph.
Total the weights and moments /1000 and plot these values on the
Center of Gravity Moment Envelope to determine whether the point falls
within the envelope, and if the loading is acceptable.
6-6
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
LOADING ARRANGEMENTS
STATION
(C.G. ARM)
STATION
*Pilot or passenger center of
(C.G. ARM)
gravity on adjustable seats
positioned for average occupant. Numbers in parentheses
indicate forward and ait limits
of occupant center of gravity
*39
range.
*39
(33 TO 41)
(33 TO 41)
**Arms measured to the center
of the areas shown.
• •64
AREA
1
NOTE
The aft baggage wall (approx• •84
imate station 94) can be used
as a convenient interior refer94
ence point for determining the
location of baggage area fuselage
stations.
Figure 6-3.
64
CHILD SEAT
• •84
AREA 2
AREA 2
94
STANDARD
SEATING
OPTIONAL
SEATING
Loading Arrangements
BAGGAGE LOADING AND TIE-DOWN
UTILITY SHELF
BAGGAGE AREA
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE LOADS
AREAS
AREA
AREA
= 120 POUNDS
= 40 POUNDS
+
= 120 POUNDS
* TIE-DOWN NET ATTACH POINTS
• A tie-down net is provided to secure baggage in the baggage area.
The net attaches to six tie-down rings. Two rings are located on the floor
just aft of the seat backs and one ring is located two inches above the floor
on each cabin wall at the aft end of area
. Two additional rings are
located at the top, aft end of area
. At least four rings should be used
to restrain the maximum baggage load of 120#.
If the airplane is equipped with utility shelf, it should be removed prior to loading and tying down large baggage items. (Slide the tab of
the locking clips on each end of the shelf to disengage the shelf from the
aircraft structure.) After baggage is loaded and secured, either stow the
shelf or, if space permits, install it for storing small articles.
Figure 6-4. Baggage Loading and Tie-Down
6-7
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
CABIN
HEIGHT MEASUREMENTS
FIREWALL
FACE OF INSTRUMENT PANEL
REAR WALL OF CABIN
DOOR OPENING DIMENSIONS
WIDTH
(TOP)
31"
WIDTH
(BOTTOM)
HEIGHT
(FRONT)
HEIGHT
(REAR)
3 1 /2
31 "
3 31/4"
CABIN
WIDTH
* WIDTH
• LWR WINDOW LINE
•* CABIN FLOOR
MEASUREMENTS
TIE DOWN RINGS (6)
CABIN
STATIONS 0.0
(C.G. ARMS)
10
20
Figure 6-5.
6-8
30
40
50
60
56.0
70
80
Internal Cabin Dimensions
9094
SAMPLE
LOADING PROBLEM
1.
2.
YOUR AIRPLANE
Moment
Momenft
Weight
(Ibs.)
Basic Empty Weight (Use the data pertaining to your
airplane as it is presently equipped. Includes unusable
fuel and full oil)
Usable Fuel (At 6 Lbs./Gal.)
Standard Tanks (22.5 Gal. Maximum)
(Ib.-ins.
/1000)
1125
36.6
135
5.7
340
13.3
1600
55.6
Weight
(Ibs.)
(Ib.-ins.
/1000)
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SAMPLE AIRPLANE
Long Range Tanks (35 Gai. Maximum)
Reduced Fuel (As limited by maximum weight)
3.
4.
Pilot and Passenger (Station 33 to 41) .
. . . .
Baggage - Area 1 (Or passenger on child's seat)
(Station 50 to 76, 120 Lbs. Max.)
Baggage - Area 2 (Station 76 to 94, 40 Lbs. Max.)
6.
TOTAL WEIGHT AND MOMENT
7.
Locate this point (1600 at 55.6) on the Center of Gravity Moment Envelope,
and since this point falIs within the envelope, the loading is acceptable.
6-9
Figure 6-6. Sample Loading Problem
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
5.
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
6-10
CODE
400
PILOT, PASSENGER AND
FUEL (LONG RANGE TANKS)
@ 6#/GAL.
FUEL (STANDARD TANKS)
§ 6#/GAL.
(OR
BAGGAGE IN AREA
PASSENGER ON CHILD'S SEAT)
120# MAX.
BAGGAGE IN AREA 40# MAX.
350
300
250
35 MAX.
200
30
150
22. 5 MAX.
20
20
100
LOADING GRAPH
10
in
50
0
0
1
2
NOTES:
3
4
6
9
5
7
8
10
11
LOAD MOMENT/1000 (POUND-INCHES)
12
13
Figure 6-7. Loading Graph
15
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
Line representing adjustable seats shows the pilot or passenger
center of gravity on adjustable seats positioned for an average
occupant. Refer to the Loading Arrangements Diagram for forward and aft limits of occupant e.g. range.
14
1550
CENTER OF GRAVITY
MOMENT ENVELOPE
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
1600
1500
1450
1400
1350
1300
1250
1150
1100
35
40
55
45
50
60
LOADED AIRCRAFT MOMENT/1000 (POUND-INCHES)
6-11
Figure 6-8. Center of Gravity Moment Envelope
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
1200
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
1700
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
LOADED AIRCRAFT WEIGHT (POUNDS)
1600
1500
1400
1300
CENTER OF
GRAVITY
LIMITS
1200
1100
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
AIRCRAFT C.G. LOCATION - INCHES AFT OF DATUM
Figure 6-9. Center of Gravity Limits
6-12
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
EQUIPMENT LIST
The following equipment list is a comprehensive list of all Cessna equipment available
for this airplane. A separate equipment list of items installed in your specific airplane
is provided in your aircraft file. The following list and the specific list for your airplane
have a similar order of listing.
This equipment list provides the following information:
An item number gives the identification number for the item. Each number is
prefixed with a letter which identifies the descriptive grouping (example:
A. Powerplant & Accessories) under which it is listed. Suffix letters identify
the equipment as a required item, a standard item or an optional item. Suffix
letters are as follows:
-R = required items of equipment for FAA certification
-S = standard equipment items
-O = optional equipment items replacing required or standard items
-A = optional equipment items which are in addition to required or
standard items
A reference drawing column provides the drawing number for the item.
NOTE
If additional equipment is to be installed, it must be done in accordance with the reference drawing, accessory kit instructions, or a
separate FAA approval.
Columns showing weight (in pounds) and arm (in inches) provide the weight
and center of gravity location for the equipment.
NOTE
Unless otherwise indicated, true values (not net change values) for the
weight and arm are shown. Positive arms are distances aft of the
airplane datum; negative arms are distances forward of the datum.
NOTE
Asterisks (*) after the item weight and arm indicate complete assembly installations. Some major components of the assembly are listed
on the lines immediately following. The summation of these major
components does not necessarily equal the complete assembly installation.
6-13
EQUIPMENT LIST DESCRIPTION
A.
A01-R
A05- R
A09- R
A17-A
A21-A
A33- R
A41- S
A61-S
A7 3- A
ARM INS
0450500
210.5
-17.5
C-4513
0450051
0450042-1
00450046-3
0450050-1
0413466-1
C431003
C294502 0201
C668509-0101
C482001-0401
1701015-4
0.5
11.5
2.5
4.5*
1.1
0.3
27.2*
20.6
4.4
1.5*
0.8
0.5
0.3
5.3*
2.8
0.5
0.1
0.5
0.0
-24.5
-6.5
-6.5
-6.0*
-8.0
-5.7
-34.4*
-35.0
-32.1
-36.0*
-37.8
-33.6
-34.6
-11.7*
-26.4
2.0
18.0
1.9
C163O16-0127
C16 3*.'.4 -- l .4
C163032-0109
C163032-0108
C262003-0101
C262023-0102
C163018-0101
C163005-0201
C262003-0102
38.5*
6.4
1.8
1.8
8.5
1.8
8.7*
2.4
4.0
46.8*
47.1
43.7
43.7
47.1
47.1
-10.8*
-10.8
-10.8
121614
C611501-0233
0401020
0450405-2
0450404-3
C294505-0102
C161001-0403
1A102/0CM6948
LANDING GEAR S ACCESSORIES
WHEEL, B R A KE £ TIRE ASSY, 6.00-6 M A I N (2)
WHEEL ASSEMBLY, MCCAULEY (EACH)
BRAKE ASSEMBLY, MCCAULEY (LEFT)
BRAKE ASSEMBLY, MCCAULEY (RIGHT)
TIRE, V-PLY BLACKWALL (EACH)
TUBE (EACH)
WHEEL'S TIRE ASSY, 5*00-5 NCSE
WHEEL ASSY, MCCAULEY
TPE, 4-PLY 8LACKWALL (FACH)
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
B04-R
WT LBS
POWERPLANT £ ACCESSORIES
ENGINE* CONTINENTAL O-200-A
(INCLUDES ELECTRICALLY ENGAGING
STARTER)
FILTER,CARBURETOR AIR (AIR MAZE)
ALTERNATOR, 6O-AMP, 14 VCLT (GEAR DRIVE)
OIL COOLFR INSTALLATION
FILTER INSTALLATION, FULL FLOW ENGINE OIL
ADAPTER ASSEMBLY
FILTER ELEMENT KIT
PROPELLER INSTALLATION
PROPELLER, MCCAULEY FIXED PITCH
3.06 INCH PROP SPACER AOAPTERt MCCAULEY
SPINNER, PROPELLER
SPINNER DOME
AFT SPINNER BULKHEAD
FORWARO SPINNER BULKHEAD
VACUUM SYSTEM INSTALLATION, ENGINE DRIVEN
DRY VACUUM PUMP
FILTER ASSEMBLY
VACUUM GAUGE
VACUUM RELIEF VALVE, AIRBORNE 133A14
VALVE, ENGINE OIL QUICK DRAIN (NET CHANGE)
B.
REF DRAWING
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
6-14
ITEM NO
BlOr S
EQUIPMENT LIST DESCRIPTION
WT LBS
ARM INS
C262023-0101
0541225
0054 3079
00541223
0441227
1.2
18.0*
4.1
5.9
0.6
-10.8
35.3*
-9.5
49.5
50.5
BATTERY ,
12-VOLT, 24-AMP HOUR
R E G U L A T O R , A L T E R N A T O R 60-AMP, 14 VOLT
GROUND S E R V I C E R E C E P T A C L E
PITOT H E A T E R
LIGHT INS TAL LA TIO N, CO NT RO L WHEEL MAP
LIGHT I N S T A L L A T IO N , O M N I F L A S H B E A C O N
BEACO N LIGHT IN FIN TIP
' FLASHER POW ER SUPPLY IN AF T T A I LC O N E
R E S IS T E R ( ME MC OR )
LIGHT INS TA LLAT ION W ING TIP STROBE
S T R OB E LIGHTS IN W IN G TIP (SE T OF 2)
F L A S H E R POW ER SU PPLIES IN TIPS ( S E T OF
0511319
C611001-0201
047 0009
0422355
0470117-3
0406003-l
C621001-0106
C594502-0101
0R9 5-1.5
0401009-1
C622006-0131
C622007-0101
23.0
0.6
2.0
0.6
0.2
1.4*
0.4
0.5
0.2
3.1*
0.2
2.3
-4.5
-1.0
-2.0
21.5
22.5
185.5*
210.9
173.9
183.4
37.8*
35.5
39.5
LIGHT INSTALLATION, COWL MOUNTED LANDING
LIGHT INSTALLATION, COWL MOUNTED, DUAL
0401014
0401010
1.4
2.0
-21.9
-33.1
C661064-0101
0513279
C661071-0101
C661025-0102
0.6
1.0
1.0
1.0
17.2
18.0
17.6
17.6
C
1.0
17.6
0401013
2.9
17.0
0401013
2.9
17.0
TUBE ( E A C H )
W HEEL FA IR IN GS (SE T OF 3 )
NOSE W HEEL FA IR ING
M A I N WHEEL FAIRING ( E A C H )
BRAK E F A I R I N G S ( E A C H )
C.
C01-R
CO4- R
C07-A
C16-S
C2 5-A
C43-S
C46-A
C49- S
C49-0
ELECT R ICA L
DO1-R
D07- R
007-0-1
007-0-2
016-A-l
6-15
D16-A-2
S YSTE M
INSTRUMENTS
INDICATOR, AIRSPEED
INDICATOR, TRUE A IRSP EE D
ALTIMETER, SENSITIVE
ALTIMETER, SENSITIVE (20 FT MARKINGS)
(FEET AND MILLIBARS)
ALTIMETER, SENSITIVE (50 FT. MARKINGS)
(FEET AND MILLIBARS)
ENCODING ALTIMETER (INCLUDES RELOCATION
OF CONVENTIONAL ALTIMETER)
ENCODING ALTIMETER, FEET £ MILLIBARS
(INCLUDES RELOCATION OF CONVENTIONAL
661071-0102
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
D.
REF DRAWING
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
ITEM NO
EQUIPMENT LIST DESCRIPTION
ALTIMETER)
REF DRAWING
, USE WITH TRANSPONDER
WT LBS
ARM INS
1.5
2.0
S-1320-5
0.5
18.0
025-S
0400323-1
0.4*
D28-R
C664508-0101
C660501-0101
0.3
0.5
18.1
20.0
037-R
040-R
C669511-0101
C669512-0103
0.6
0.6
18.0
18.0
064-S
0413466-1
7.1*
14.8*
C661075
C661076
0413466
2.8
2.1
1.4
15.6
15.8
9.0
D64-0
7.4*
14.8*
1201126
C661076
0413466
0401017
C668507-0101
C668020-0113
S-1605-3
C661003-0504
3.1
2.1
1.4
0.6
0.1
1.0*
0.6
0.3
1.3
15.8
15.8
9.0
7.8
22.0
12.5*
17.0
2.0
17.2
067-A
D82-S
085-R
088-S
D88-0
D91-S
INDICATOR, TURN
COORDINATO
INDICATOR,
TURN £ BANK
RATE
OF
CLIMB
INDICA
E05-R
ENCODING ALTIMETER
(BLIND ENCODER-DOES NCT REQUIRE
PANEL MOUNT)
AMMETER
N
CLOCK INSTALLATIO
CLOCKf ELECTRIC
COMPASS T CLUSTER (LH FUEL & RH *=UEL)
INSTRUMEN
T CLUSTER (OIL PRES. & OIL TEMP.)
N (REQUIRES ITEM A61-S
INSTRUMEN
GYRO INSTALLATIO
VACUUM SYSTEM)
DIRECTIONAL INDICATOR
ATTITUDE INDICATOR
L INDICATOR
HOSES, FITTINGS, SCREWS
GYRO INSTALLATION, DIRECTIONA
WITH MOVABLE HEADING POINTER
DIRECTIONAL INDICATOR
ATTITUDE INDICATOR
HOSES; FITTINGSt SCREWS
RECORDER* ENGINE HOUR METER
OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE GAGE
TACHOMETER INSTALLATION, ENGINE
RECORDING TACH INDICATOR
TACH FLEXIBLE SHAFT
R
E05-0 E07-S E07-0 EC9-A
TOR
ABIN
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
0401019
D16-A-3
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
6-16
ITEM NO
E.
C
ACCOMMCOATIII
N ASSEMBLY LAP BELT
ASSEMBLY
S-1413N2
C 661080-0101
2.0
l.C
16.5
18.0
11.1
13.6
11.1
13.6
10.5*
1.3
6.4
1.0
45.2
45.2
45* 2
45.2
66.5*
72.9
64.5
66.0
NS SEAT,
PILOT
INDIVIDUAL
SLIDING
SEAT,
VERTICALLY
ADJUSTABLE,
PILOT
SEAT, COPILOT
INDIVIDUAL
SLIDING
SEAT,
VERTICALLY
ADJUSTABLE,
CO-PILOT
SEAT
INSTALLATION
, AUXILIARY
UP
PE
R
BA
CK
RE
ST
CU
SH
IO
N
LO
WE
R
SE
AT
CU
SH
IO
0414060
0414056
0414060
0414056
0400134-1
0711080-1
0400136-9
S-l746-2
EQUIPMENT LIST DESCRIPTION
REF DRAWING
WTLBS
ARM INS
1.0
1.0
1.3
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
ITEM NO
23.0
21.5
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
6-17
G58- A
G88- A
G92-A
EQUIPMENT LIST DESCRIPTION
STEPS S HANDLES* REFUELING ASSIST
WINTERIZATION KIT INSTALLATION, ENGINE
COVER PLATESt FWO COWL (SET OF 2
I NS T A L L E D)
COVER PLATES, FORWARD COWL ( S T O W E O )
C R A N K C A S E BR EATH ER TUBE INSULATION
WINGS W IT H 38 GALLON C A P A C I T Y EXTENDED
RANGE FUEL TANKS (SE T OF 2 f NET CHANGE)
H.
H01-A
H07-A
H13-A-1
H13-A-2
H16-A-1
H19-A
WT LBS
ARM INS
0413456-2
0450105-2
0450409
2.1
1.2*
0.3
9.9
-22.0*
-32.0
0450409
0456004
0426008
0.3
0.3
5.9
84.0
-20.1
37.3
AVIONIC S £ AU T OPILOT S
CESSNA 300 ADF
RE CEIVE R W ITH BFO IR-546E)
INDICATOR UN-346A)
ANTENNA INSTALLATION
LOOP ANTENNA INSTALLATION
CABLE INSTALLATION
MISC. INSTALLATION COMPONENTS
CESSNA 400 GLIDESLOPE
RECEIV ER (R-443B)
MOUNTING, RIGID
ANTENNA
CESSNA 400 MARKER BEACON
R E C EI V ER (R-402A)
ANTENNA, L SHAPED ROO
BENDIX MARKER BEACON
(EXPORT USE)
RECEIVER
ANTENNA, L SHAPED ROD
CESSNA 300 TRANSPONDER
TRANSCEIVE R (RT-359A )
ANTENNA (A-109B)
CESSNA 400 TRANSPONDER
( E X PO R T USE)
T R A N S C E I V E R ( R T -4 5 9 A )
ANTENNA (A-109B)
CESS NA 300 VHF T R A N S C E I V E R , 1ST UNIT
TRANSCEIVE R (RT-524A )
NOTE—INSTALLATION COMPONENTS ARE AS
LISTED
VHF ANTENNA £ CABLE INSTALLATION
3910159-11
41240-0101
40980-1001
0470400-621
3960104-1
3950104-14
3910157-10
42100-0000
36450-0000
1200098-2
3910142-1
42410-5114
0770681-1
3910174-1
GM-247A
077 0681-1
3910127-1
41420-1114
41530-0001
3910128-20
41470-1114
41530-0001
3910155-13
31390-1814
3960113-1
7.3*
2.3
0.9
0.2
1.4
1.8
0.6
4.0*
2.1
0.3
0.2
2.2*
0.8
0.6
3.9*
1.5
0.6
3.6*
2.7
0.1
3.6*
2.8
0.1
11.9
7.1
18.2*
13.5
15.5
96.5
24.2
12.3
14.4
80.4*
105.3
100.0
20.4
35.4*
11.7
86.0
85.7*
99.8
86.0
18.6*
13.0
67.0
18.6*
13.0
67.0
18.3
12.9
0.8
41.9
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
H16-A-2
REF DRAWING
SECTION 6
WEIGHT & BALANCE/
EQUIPMENT LIST
6-18
ITEM NO
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
INTRODUCTION
This section provides description and operation of the airplane and
its systems. Some equipment described herein is optional and may not
be installed in the airplane. Refer to Section 9, Supplements, for details
of other optional systems and equipment.
AIRFRAME
The construction of the fuselage is a conventional formed sheet metal
bulkhead, stringer, and skin design referred to as semi-monocoque.
Major items of structure are the front and rear carry-through spars to
which the wings are attached, a bulkhead and forgings for main landing
gear attachment at the base of the rear door posts, and a bulkhead with
attaching plates at the base of the forward door posts for the lower attachment of the wing struts. Four engine mount stringers are also attached
to the forward door posts and extend forward to the firewall.
The externally braced wings, containing the fuel tanks, are construced of a front and rear spar with formed sheet metal ribs, doublers, and
stringers. The entire structure is covered with aluminum skin. The
front spars are equipped with wing-to-fuselage and wing-to-strut attach
fittings. The aft spars are equipped with wing-to-fuselage attach fittings,
and are partial-span spars. Conventional hinged ailerons and single-slotted flaps are attached to the trailing edge of the wings. The ailerons are
constructed of a forward spar containing a balance weight, formed sheet
metal ribs and "V" type corrugated aluminum skin joined together at the
trailing edge. The flaps are constructed basically the same as the ailerons, with the exception of balance weight and the addition of a formed
sheet metal leading edge section.
The empennage (tail assembly) consists of a conventional vertical
stabilizer, rudder, horizontal stabilizer, and elevator. The vertical
stabilizer consists of a spar, formed sheet metal ribs and reinforcements,
a wrap-around skin panel, formed leading edge skin and a dorsal. The
rudder is constructed of a formed leading edge skin containing hinge
halves, a wrap-around skin panel and ribs, and a formed trailing edge
skin with a ground adjustable trim tab at its base. The top of the rudder
incorporates a leading edge extension which contains a balance weight.
The horizontal stabilizer is constructed of a forward spar, main spar,
formed sheet metal ribs and stiffeners, a wrap-around skin panel, and
formed leading edge skins. The horizontal stabilizer also contains the
elevator trim tab actuator. Construction of the elevator consists of a
main spar and bellcrank, left and right wrap-around skin panels, and a
formed trailing edge skin on the left half of the elevator; the entire trail7-3
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
AILERON CONTROL SYSTEM
RUDDER CONTROL SYSTEM
Figure 7-1 .
7-4
Flight Control and Trim Systems (Sheet 1 of 2)
SECTIONS
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
ELEVATOR TRIM CONRTROL SYSTEM
Figure 7-1.
Flight Control and Trim Systems (Sheet 2 of 2)
7-5
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
29
30
43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32
31
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
28
17
18
27
19
26
20
21
25
22
24
23
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
Figure 7-2.
7-6
Instrument Panel (Sheet 1 of 2)
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
7-7
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
Instrument Panel (Sheet 2 of 2)
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
Map Compartment
Cabin Heat Control Knob
Cabin Air Control Knob
Circuit Breakers
Wing Flap Switch and Position
Indicator
Mixture Control Knob
Throttle (With Friction Lock)
Microphone
Elevator Trim Control Wheel
Carburetor Heat Control Knob
Electrical Switches
Oil Pressure Gage
Oil Temperature Gage
Cigar Lighter
Instrument Panel and Radio
Dial Lights Rheostat
Right Tank Fuel Quantity
Indicator
Ignition Switch
Left Tank Fuel Quantity
Indicator
Master Switch
Primer
Parking Brake Knob
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
Figure 7-2.
1. Turn Coordinator
2. Airspeed Indicator
Suction Gage
4. Directional Indicator
5. Attitude Indicator
6. Airplane Registration Number
7. Clock
8. Rate-of-Climb Indicator
9. Encoding Altimeter
10. Marker Beacon Indicator Lights
and Switches
11. Omni Course Indicator
12. ADF Bearing Indicator
13. Rear View Mirror and Control
14. Radios
15. Transponder
16. Audio Control Panel
17. Flight Hour Recorder
18. Tachometer
19. Secondary Altimeter
20. Additional Instrument and Radio
Space
21. Over-Voltage Warning Light
22. Ammeter
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
ing edge of the right half is hinged and forms the elevator trim tab.
The
leading edge of both left and right elevator tips incorporate extensions
which contain balance weights.
FLIGHT CONTROLS
The airplane's flight control system consists of conventional aileron,
rudder, and elevator control surfaces (see figure 7-1). The control surfaces are manually operated through mechanical linkage using a control
wheel for the ailerons and elevator, and rudder/brake pedals for the rudder.
TRIM SYSTEM
A manually-operated elevator trim tab is provided.
Elevator trimming is accomplished through the elevator trim tab by utilizing the
vertically mounted trim control wheel. Forward rotation of the trim
wheel will trim nose-down; conversely, aft rotation will trim nose-up.
INSTRUMENT PANEL
The instrument panel (see figure 7-2) is designed to place the primary flight instruments directly in front of the pilot. The gyro-operated
flight instruments are arranged one above the other, slightly to the left
of the control column. To the left of these instruments are the airspeed
indicator, turn coordinator, and suction gage. On the right side are the
clock, altimeter, rate-of-climb indicator, and navigation instruments.
Avionics equipment is stacked approximately on the centerline of the
panel, with space for additonal equipment on the lower right side of the
instrument panel. The right side of the panel also contains the tachometer, ammeter, over-voltage light, and additional instruments such
as a flight hour recorder. A subpanel, under the primary instrument
panel, contains the fuel quantity indicators, cigar lighter, and engine
instruments positioned below the pilot's control wheel.
The electrical
switches, panel and radio light rheostat knob, ignition and master
switches, primer, and parking brake control are located around these
instruments.
The engine controls, wing flap switch, and cabin air and
heat control knobs are to the right of the pilot, along the upper edge of
the subpanel. Directly below these controls are the elevator trim control wheel, trim position indicator, microphone, and circuit breakers.
A map compartment is on the extreme right side of the subpanel.
For details concerning the instruments, switches, circuit breakers,
and controls on this panel, refer in this section to the description of the
systems to which, these items are related.
7-8
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
GROUND CONTROL
Effective ground control while taxiing is accomplished through nose
wheel steering by using the rudder pedals; left rudder pedal to steer left
and right rudder pedal to steer right. When a rudder pedal is depressed,
a spring-loaded steering bungee (which is connected to the nose gear and
to the rudder bars) will turn the nose wheel through an arc of approximately 8.5° each side of center. By applying either left or right brake, the degree ©f turn may be increased up to 30° each side of center.
Moving the airplane by hand is most easily accomplished by attaching
a tow bar to the nose gear strut. If a tow bar is not available, or pushing
is required, use the wing struts as push points. Do not use the vertical
or horizontal surfaces to move the airplane. If the airplane is to be towed
by vehicle, never turn the nose wheel more than 30° either side of center
or structural damage to the nose gear could result.
The minimum turning radius of the airplane, using differential
braking and nose wheel steering during taxi, is approximately 24 feet 8
inches. To obtain a minimum radius turn during ground handling, the
airplane may be rotated around either main landing gear by pressing
down on the tail cone just forward of the vertical stabilizer to raise the
nose wheel off the ground.
Figure 7-3. Wing Flap System
7-9
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
WING
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
FLAP SYSTEM
The wing flaps are of the single-slot type (see figure 7-3), and are
extended or retracted by positioning the wing flap switch lever on the
instrument panel to the desired flap deflection position. The switch
lever is moved up or down in a slot in the instrument panel that provides mechanical stops at the 10° and 20° positions. For flap settings
greater than 10°, move the switch lever to the right to clear the stop
and position it as desired. A scale and pointer on the left side of the
switch lever indicates flap travel in degrees. The wing flap system
circuit is protected by a 15-ampere circuit breaker, labeled FLAP, on
the right side of the instrument panel.
LANDING
GEAR
SYSTEM
The landing gear is of the tricycle type with a steerable nose wheel,
two main wheels, and wheel fairings. Shock absorption is provided by
the tubular spring-steel main landing gear struts and the air/oil nose gear
shock strut. Each main gear wheel is equipped with a hydraulic ally actuated disc-type brake on the inboard side of each wheel, and an aerodynamic fairing over each brake.
BAGGAGE
COMPARTMENT
The baggage compartment consists of the area from the back of the
pilot and passenger's seats to the aft cabin bulkhead- Access to the baggage compartment is gained from within the airplane cabin. A baggage
net with six tie-down straps is provided for securing baggage and is attached by tying the straps to tie-down rings provided in the airplane.
When loading the airplane, children should not be placed or permitted in
the baggage compartment, unless a child's seat is installed, and any material that might be hazardous to the airplane or occupants should not be
placed anywhere in the airplane. For baggage area dimensions, refer to
Section 6.
SEATS
The seating arrangement consists of two separate adjustable seats
for the pilot and passenger and, if installed, a child's seat in the rear
cabin area. The pilot's and passenger's seats are available in two designs:
four-way and six-way adjustable.
Four-way seats may be moved forward or aft, and the seat back angle
7-10
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
changed. To position either seat, lift the lever under the inboard corner
of the seat, slide the seat into position, release the lever, and check that
the seat is loccked in place. To adjust the seat back, pull forward on the
knob under the center of the seat and apply pressure to the back. To return the seat back to the upright position, pull forward on the exposed
portion of the seat back frame. Both seat backs will also fold full forward.
The six-way seats may be moved forward or aft, adjusted for height,
and the seat back angle changed. Position either seat by lifting the tubular
handle under the inboard front corner of the seat bottom and slide the seat
to the desired position. Release the lever and check that the seat is locked in place. The seats may be raised or lowered two inches, in one inch
steps, and should be adjusted prior to flight. To raise or lower either
seat, pull forward on a "T" handle under the seat near the inboard corner,
force the seat down against spring tension or allow spring tension to raise
it to the desired position, release the "T" handle, and then allow the seat
to move until it locks in place. Seat back angle is adjustable by rotating
a lever on the rear inboard corner of each seat. To adjust either seat
back, rotate the lever aft and apply pressure against the back until it stops
moving; then release the lever. The seat back may be returned to the upright position by pulling forward on the exposed portion of the lower seat
back frame. Check that the release lever has returned to its vertical position. Both seat backs will fold full forward.
A child's seat is available for installation in the rear of the cabin.
The seat back is secured to the cabin sidewalls, and the seat bottom is
attached to brackets on the floor. This seat is non-adjustable.
SEAT BELTS AND
SHOULDER
HARNESSES
All seat positions are equipped with seat belts (see figure 7-4). The
pilot's and passenger's seats are also equipped with separate shoulder
harnesses. Integrated seat belt/shoulder harnesses with inertia reels can
be furnished for the pilot's and passenger's seat positions if desired.
SEAT BELTS
The seat belts used with the pilot's seat, passenger's seat, and the
child's seat (if installed) are attached to fittings on the floorboard. The
buckle half of the seat belt is inboard of each seat and has a fixed length;
the link half of the belt is outboard and is the adjustable part of the belt.
To use the seat belts for the pilot's and passenger's seats, position
seat as desired, and then lengthen the link half of the belt as needed
by grasping the sides of the link and pulling against the belt. Insert
7-11
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
STANDARD SHOULDER
HARNESS
NARROW RELEASE STRAP
(Pull up when lengthening
harness)
FREE END OF HARNESS
(Pull down to tighten)
(PILOTS SEAT SHOWN)
SHOULDER HARNESS
CONNECTING LINK
(Snap onto retaining stud on
seat belt link to attach harness)
SEAT BELT BUCKLE HALF
(Non adjustable)
SEAT BELT/SHOULDER
HARNESS WITH INERTIA
REEL
SEAT BELT LINK HALF
AND SHOULDER HARNESS
RETAINING STUD
FREE END OF SEAT BELT
(Pull to tighten)
SEAT BELT BUCKLE
(Non adjustable)
SEAT BELT/SHOULDER. HARNESS
ADJUSTABLE LINK
(Position link just below shoulder
level; pull link and harness downward to connect to seat belt buckle)
Figure 7-4. Seat Belts and Shoulder Harnesses
7-12
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
and lock the belt link into the buckle. Tighten the belt to a snug fit by
pulling the free end of the belt. The seat belt for the child's seat (if
installed) is used in the same manner as the belts for the pilot's and
passenger' s seats. To release the seat belts, grasp the top of the buckle
opposite the link and pull upward.
SHOULDER HARNESSES
Each shoulder harness is attached to a rear doorpost above the
window line and is stowed behind a stowage sheath above the cabin
door. To stow the harness, fold it and place it behind the sheath. No
harness is available for the child's seat.
The shoulder harnesses are used by fastening and adjusting the
seat belt first. Then, lengthen the harness as required by pulling on
the connecting link on the end of the harness and the narrow release
strap. Snap the connecting link firmly onto the retaining stud on the
seat belt link half. Then adjust to length. Removing the harness is
accomplished by pulling upward on the narrow release strap, and removing the harness connecting link from the stud on the seat belt link.
In an emergency, the shoulder harness may be removed by releasing the
seat belt first and allowing the harness, still attached to the link half of
the seat belt, to drop to the side of the seat.
Adjustment of the shoulder harness is important. A properly adjusted harness will permit the occupant to lean forward enough to sit
completely erect, but prevent excessive forward movement and contact
with objects during sudden deceleration. Also, the pilot will want the
freedom to reach all controls easily.
INTEGRATED SEAT BELT/SHOULDER HARNESSES WITH INERTIA REELS
Integrated seat belt/shoulder harnesses with inertia reels are available for the pilot and front seat passenger. The seat belt/shoulder harnesses extend from inertia reels located in the upper cabin sidewall just aft
of each cabin door to attach points outboard of the front seats. A separate
seat belt half and buckle is located inboard of the seats. Inertia reels
allow complete freedom of body movement. However, in the event of a
sudden deceleration, they will lock automatically to protect the occupants.
To use the seat belt/shoulder harness, position the adjustable metal
link on the harness at about shoulder level, pull the link and harness
downward, and insert the link in the seat belt buckle. Adjust belt tension
across the lap by pulling upward on the shoulder harness. Removal is accomplished by releasing the seat belt buckle, which will allow the inertia
reel to pull the harness outboard of the seat.
7-13
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
ENTRANCE DOORS AND CABIN
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
WINDOWS
Entry to, and exit from the airplane is accomplished through either
of two entry doors, one on each side of the cabin (refer to Section 6 for
cabin and cabin door dimensions). The doors incorporate a recessed exterior and interior door handle, a key-operated door lock (left door only),
a door stop mechanism, and an openable window.
To open the doors from outside the airplane, utilize the recessed
door handle near the aft edge of each door. Grasp the forward edge of the
handle and pull out. To close or open the doors from inside the airplane,
use the recessed door handle and arm rest. Both cabin doors, should bechecked for security prior to flight, and should not be opened intentionally
during flight.
NOTE
Accidental opening of a cabin door in flight due to improper closing does not constitute a need to land the airplane. The best procedure is to set up the airplane in a
trimmed condition at approximately 65 knots, momentarily shove the door outward slightly, and forcefully close
the door.
Exit from the airplane is accomplished by grasping the forward edge
of the door handle and pulling. To lock the airplane, lock the right cabin
door from the inside by lifting up on the lever near the aft edge of the door,
close the left cabin door, and using the ignition key, lock the door.
Both cabin doors are equipped with openable windows. The windows
are held in the closed position by a lock button equipped over-center latch
on the lower edge of the window frame. To open either window, depress
the lock button and rotate the latch upward. The windows are equipped with
a spring-loaded retaining arm which will help rotate the window outward,
and hold it there. If required, the windows may be opened at any speed up
to 141 knots. All other cabin windows are of the fixed type and cannot be
opened. Two additional fixed windows may be installed in the cabin top.
CONTROL
LOCKS
A control lock is provided to lock the ailerons and elevator control
surfaces in a neutral position and prevent damage to these systems by
wind buffeting while the airplane is parked. The lock consists of a shaped
steel rod with a red metal flag attached to it. The flag is labeled CONTROL LOCK, REMOVE BEFORE STARTING ENGINE. To install the control lock, align the hole in the top of the pilot's control wheel shaft with
7-14
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
the hole in the top of the shaft collar on the instrument panel and insert
the rod into the aligned holes.
Proper installation of the lock will place
the red flag over the ignition switch. In areas where high or gusty winds
occur, a control surface lock should be installed over the vertical stabilizer and rudder. The control lock and any other type of locking device
should be removed prior to starting the engine.
ENGINE
The airplane is powered by a horizontally-opposed, four-cylinder,
overhead-valve, air-cooled, carbureted engine with a wet sump oil system. The engine is a Continental Model O-200-A and is rated at 100,
horsepower at 2750 RPM. Major engine accessories include a vacuum
pump, mounted at the front of the engine, and a starter, gear-driven
alternator, and dual magnetos, which are mounted on an accessory
drive pad at the rear of the engine. Provisions are also made for a full
flow oil filter and an oil cooler.
ENGINE CONTROLS
Engine power is controlled by a throttle located on the lower center
portion of the instrument panel. The throttle operates in a conventional manner; in the full forward position, the throttle is open, and in the
full aft position, it is closed. A friction lock, which is a round knurled
disk, is located at the base of the throttle and is operated by rotating the
lock clockwise to increase friction or counterclockwise to decrease it.
The mixture control mounted above the right corner of the control
pedestal, is a red knob with raised points around the circumference and
is equipped with a lock button in the end of the knob. The rich position
is full forward, and full aft is the idle cut-off position. For small adjustments, the control may be moved forward by rotating the knob
clockwise, and aft by rotating the knob counterclockwise. For rapid or
large adjustments, the knob may be moved forward or aft by depressing
the lock button in the end of the control, and then positioning the control as desired.
ENGINE INSTRUMENTS
Engine operation is monitored by the following instruments:
sure gage, oil temperature gage, and a tachometer.
oil pres-
The oil pressure _gage. located on the subpanel, is operated by oil
pressure.
A direct pressure oil line from the engine delivers oil at engine operating pressure to the oil pressure gage.
Gage markings indicate
7-15
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
that minimum idling pressure is 10 PSI (red line), the normal operating
range is 30 to 60 PSI (green arc), and maximum pressure is 1OO PSI (red
line).
Oil temperature is indicated by a gage located on the subpanel. The
gage is operated by an electrical-resistance type temperature sensor which
receives power from the airplane electrical system.
Oil temperature limitations are the normal operating range (green arc) which is 38°C (100°F)
to 116°C (240°F), and the maximum (red line) which is 116°C (240°F).
The engine-driven mechanical tachometer is located near the upper
center portion of the instrument panel.
The instrument is calibrated in
increments of 100 RPM and indicates both engine and propeller speed.
An hour meter below the center of the tachometer dial records elapsed
engine time in hours and tenths. Instrument markings include a normal
operating range (green arc) of 2000 to 2750 RPM, and a maximum allowable (red line) of 2750 RPM.
NEW ENGINE BREAK-IN AND OPERATION
The engine underwent a run-in at the factory and is ready for the full
range of use. It is, however, suggested that cruising be accomplished at
65% to 75% power until a total of 50 hours has accumulated or oil consumption has stabilized. This will ensure proper seating of the rings.
The airplane is delivered from the factory with corrosion preventive
oil in the engine. If, during the first 25 hours, oil must be added, use
only aviation grade straight mineral oil conforming to Specification No.
MIL-L-6082.
ENGINE OIL SYSTEM
An oil sump on the bottom of the engine supplies a total capacity of
six quarts to the engine for lubrication (one additional quart is required if a full flow oil filter is installed.) The oil is drawn from the
sump through a filter screen on the end of a pick-up tube to the enginedriven oil pump. The pump feeds the oil, under pressure, through a
filter screen (full flow oil filter and/or oil cooler, if installed), and is
then circulated to the left and right oil galleries. The engine parts are
then lubricated, under pressure, from the galleries. Oil pressure to the
galleries is regulated by a pressure relief valve at the rear of the right
oil gallery. After lubricating the engine, the oil returns to the sump by
gravity. If a full flow oil filter is installed, the filter adapter is
equipped with a bypass valve which will cause lubricating oil to bypass the filter in the event the filter becomes plugged, or the oil
temperature is extremely cold.
7-16
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
An oil filler cap/oil dipstick is located at the rear of the engine on
the right side. The filler cap/dipstick is accessible through an access
door in the engine cowling. The engine should not be operated on less
than four quarts of oil. To minimize loss of oil through the breather, fill
to five quarts for normal flights of less than three hours.
For extended
flight,fill to six quarts (dipstick indication only). For engine oil grade
and specifications, refer to Section 8 of this handbook.
An oil quick-drain valve is available to replace the drain plug in the
oil sump drain port, and provides quicker, cleaner draining of the engine
oil. To drain the oil with this valve installed, slip a hose over the end of
the valve and push upward on the end of the valve until it snaps into the
open position. Spring clips will hold the valve open. After draining, use
a suitable tool to snap the valve into the extended (closed) position and remove the drain hose.
IGNITION-STARTER
SYSTEM
Engine ignition is provided by two engine-driven magnetos, and two
spark plugs in each cylinder. The right magneto fires both left and right
upper spark plugs, and the left magneto fires both left and right lower
spark plugs. Normal operation is conducted with both magnetos due to
the more complete burning of the fuel-air mixture with dual ignition.
Ignition and starter operation is controlled by a rotary type switch
located on the left subpanel. The switch is labeled clockwise, OFF, R,
L, BOTH, and START. The engine should be operated on both magnetos
(BOTH position) except for magneto checks. The R and L positions are
for checking purposes and emergency use only. When the switch is rotated to the spring-loaded START position, (with the master switch in the
ON position), the starter contactor is energized and the starter will crank
the engine. When the switch is released, it will automatically return to
the BOTH position.
AIR INDUCTION SYSTEM
The engine air induction system receives ram air through an intake
in the lower front portion of the engine cowling. The intake is covered
by an air filter which removes dust and other foreign matter from the
induction air. Airflow passing through the filter enters an airbox.
After passing through the airbox, induction air enters the inlet in the
carburetor which is under the engine, and is then ducted to the engine
cylinders through intake manifold tubes. In the event carburetor ice is
encountered or the intake filter becomes blocked, alternate heated air
can be obtained from the right muffler shroud through a duct to a
valve, in the airbox, operated by the carburetor heat control on the
7-17
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
instrument panel. Heated air from the muffler shroud is obtained from
an unfiltered outside source. Use of full carburetor heat at full throttle
wilFresult in a loss of approximately 200 to 250 RPM.
EXHAUST SYSTEM
Exhaust gas from each cylinder passes through riser assemblies to a
muffler and tailpipe on each side of the engine.
Each muffler is constructed with a shroud around the outside which forms a heating chamber
for carburetor heat and cabin heater air.
CARBURETOR AND PRIMING SYSTEM
The engine is equipped with an up-draft, float-type, fixed jet carburetor mounted on the bottom of the engine. The carburetor is equipped
with an enclosed accelerator pump, simplified fuel passages to prevent
vapor locking, an idle cut-off mechanism, and a manual mixture control.
Fuel is delivered to the carburetor by gravity flow from the fuel system.
In the carburetor, fuel is atomized, proportionally mixed with intake air,
and delivered to the cylinders through intake manifold tubes.
The proportion of atomized fuel to air is controlled, within limits, by the mixture
control on the instrument panel.
For easy starting in cold weather, the engine is equipped with a manual primer. The primer is actually a small pump which draws fuel from
the fuel strainer when the plunger is pulled out, and injects it into the intake manifold when the plunger is pushed back in. The plunger knob, on
the instrument panel, is equipped with a lock and, after being pushed full
in, must be rotated either left or right until the knob cannot be pulled out.
COOLING SYSTEM
Ram air for engine cooling enters through two intake openings in the
front of the engine cowling. The cooling air is directed around the cylinders and other areas of the engine by baffling, and is then exhausted
through an opening at the bottom aft edge of the cowling. No manual cooling system control is provided.
A winterization kit is available for the airplane. The kit consists of
two shields to partially cover the cowl nose cap opening, the addition
of heat ducting from the right exhaust manifold for additional cabin
heat, a carburetor airbox heat outlet cap, insulation for the engine
crankcase breather line, and a placard to be installed on the map compartment door. This equipment should be installed for operations in
temperatures consistently below -7°C (20°F). Once installed, the crank-
7-18
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
case breather insulation is approved for permanent use regardless of
temperature.
PROPELLER
The airplane is equipped with a two-bladed, fixed-pitch, one-piece
forged aluminum alloy propeller which is anodized to retard corrosion.
The propeller is 69 inches in diameter.
FUEL SYSTEM
The airplane may be equipped with either a standard fuel system or a
long range system (see figure 7-6). Both systems consist of two vented
fuel tanks (one in each wing), a fuel shutoff valve, fuel strainer, manual
primer, and carburetor. Refer to figure 7-5 for fuel quantity data for
both systems.
Fuel flows by gravity from the two wing tanks to a fuel shutoff valve.
With the valve in the ON position, fuel flows through a strainer to the carburetor. From the carburetor, mixed fuel and air flows to the cylinders
through intake manifold tubes. The manual primer draws its fuel from
the fuel strainer and injects it into the intake manifold.
FUEL QUANTITY DATA (U. S. GALLONS)
TANKS
TOTAL
USABLE FUEL
ALL FLIGHT
CONDITIONS
TOTAL
UNUSABLE
FUEL
TOTAL
FUEL
VOLUME
STANDARD
(13 Gal. Each)
22.5
3.5
26.0
LONG RANGE
(19 Gal. Each)
35.0
3.0
38.0
Figure 7-5. Fuel Quantity Data
7-19
CESSNA
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SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
VENTED FILLER CAP
FILLER CAP
VENT
RIGHT FUEL TANK
LEFT FUEL TANK
FUEL SHUTOFF
VALVE
FUEL
STRAINER
TO INTAKE
MANIFOLD
ENGINE
PRIMER
THROTTLE
CARBURETOR
CODE
TO ENGINE
CYLINDERS
MIXTURE
CONTROL
KNOB
FUEL SUPPLY
VENT
MECHANICAL
LINKAGE
Figure 7-6.
7-20
Due to
tanks,
topped
assure
crossfeeding between fuel
the tanks should be reafter each refueling to
maximum capacity.
Fuel System (Standard and Long Range)
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
Fuel system venting is essential to system operation. Blockage of the
venting system will result in a decreasing fuel flow and eventual engine
stoppage. Venting is accomplished by an interconnecting line from the
right fuel tank to the left tank. The left tank is vented overboard through
a vent line which is equipped with a check valve, and protrudes from the
bottom surface of the left wing near the wing strut attach point. The right
fuel tank filler cap is also vented.
Fuel quantity is me asu r e d by two float-type fuel quantity transmitters (one in each tank) and indicated by two electrically-operated fuel
quantity indicators on the lower left portion of the i nst r u me n t panel.
An empty tank is indicated by a red line and the letter E. When an
indicator shows an empty tank, appr oxi ma t el y 1.75 gallons remain in a
standard tank, or 1.5 gallons r e ma i n in a long range tank as unusable
fuel. The indicators cannot be relied upon for accurate readings during
skids, slips, or u n u s ua l attitudes.
The fuel system is equipped with drain valves to provide a means for
the examination of fuel in the system for contamination and grade. The
system should be examined before the first flight of every day ana after
each refueling, by using the sampler cup grovided to drain fuel from the
wing tank sumps, and by utilizing the fuel strainer drain under an access
panel on the right side of the engine cowling. The fuel tank s h o u l d be
filled after each flight to prevent condensation.
BRAKE SYSTEM
The airplane has a single-disc, hydraulically-actuated brake on each
main landing gear wheel. Each brake is connected, by a hydraulic line,
to a master cylinder attached to each of the pilot's rudder pedals. The
brakes are operated by applying pressure to the top of either the left
(pilot's) or right (copilot's) set of rudder pedals, which are interconnected.
When the airplane is parked, both main wheel brakes may be set by utilizing the parking brake which is operated by a knob on the lower left side of
the instrument panel.
For maximum brake life, keep the brake system properly maintained,
and minimize brake usage during taxi operations and landings.
Some of the symptoms of impending brake failure are: gradual
decrease in braking action after brake application, noisy or dragging
7-21
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
brakes, soft or spongy pedals, and excessive travel and weak braking
action. If any of these symptoms appear, the brake system is in need
of immediate attention. If, during taxi or landing roll, braking action
decreases, let up on the pedals and then re-apply the brakes with heavy
pressure. If the brakes become spongy or pedal travel increases,
pumping the pedals should build braking pressure. If one brake becomes weak or fails, use the other brake sparingly while using opposite rudder, as required, to offset the good brake.
ELECTRICAL
SYSTEM
Electrical energy (see figure 7-7) is supplied by a 14-volt, directcurrent system powered by an engine-driven, 60-amp alternator. The
12-volt,25-amp hour battery is located on the right, forward side of the
firewall. Power is supplied through a single bus bar; a master switch
controls this power to all circuits, except the engine ignition system,
clock, or flight hour recorder, if installed. The flight hour recorder receives power through activation of an oil pressure switch whenever the
engine is operating; the clock is supplied with current at all times. All
avionics equipment should be turned off prior to starting the engine or
using an external power source to prevent harmful transient voltages from
damaging the transistors in this equipment.
MASTER SWITCH
The master switch is a
and is ON in the up position
of the switch, labeled BAT,
The left half, labeled ALT,
split-rocker type switch labeled MASTER, and
and OFF in the down position. The right half
controls all electrical power to the airplane.
controls the alternator.
Normally, both sides of the master switch should be used simultaneously; however, the BAT side of the switch could be turned ON separately to check equipment while on the ground./ The ALT side of the switch,
when placed in the OFF position, removes the alternator from the electrical system. With this switch in the OFF position, the entire electrical
load is placed on the battery. Continued operation with the alternator
switch in the OFF position will reduce battery power low enough to open
the battery contactor, remove power from the alternator field, and prevent alternator restart.
AMMETER
The ammeter indicates the flow of current, in amperes, from the
alternator to the battery or from the battery to the airplane electrical
7-22
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
REGULATOR
TO FUEL QUANTITY INDICATORS
ALTERNATOR
FUEL
IND
OVER-VOLTAGE
WARNING LIGHT
TO FLASHING BEACON
BCN
PI TOT
MASTER
SWITCH
ALTERNATOR
FIELD
CIRCUIT
BREAKER
TO PITOT HEAT
TO STROBE LIGHTS
STROBE
LTS.
ALT
TO CIGAR LIGHTER (WITH FUSE)
OVERVOLTAGE
SENSOR
LOG
LTS.
TO LANDING AND TAXI LIGHTS
AMMETER
TO IGNITION SWITCH
FLAP
CLOCK
TO INSTRUMENT, RADIO, AND
COMPASS LIGHTS
STARTER
OIL PRESSURE
SWITCH
FLIGHT HOUR
RECORDER
TO WING FLAP SYSTEM
TO OIL TEMPERATURE GAGE
INST
LTS.
TO TURN COORDINATOR
STARTER
CONTACTOR
TO AUDIO MUTING RELAY
TO CONTROL WHEEL MAP LIGHT
TO NAVIGATION LIGHTS
NAV
DOME
BATTERY
CONTACTOR
TO DOME LIGHT
TO TURN AND BANK INDICATOR
TO
WING
FLAP
CIRCUIT
BREAKER
TO RADIO
RADIO 1
TO RADIO
GROUND SERVICE
PLUG RECEPTACLE
RADIO 2
BATTERY
RADIO 3
TO RADIO OR TRANSPONDER
AND ENCODING ALTIMETER
IGNITION
SWITCH
TO RADIO
RADIO 4
MAGNETOS
Figure 7-7.
Electrical System
7-23
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
system. When the engine is operating and the master switch is turned on,
the ammeter indicates the charging rate applied to the battery. In the
event the alternator is not functioning or the electrical load exceeds the
output of the alternator, the ammeter indicates the battery discharge rate.
OVER-VOLTAGE SENSOR AND WARNING LIGHT
The airplane is equipped with an automatic over-voltage protection
system consisting of an over-voltage sensor behind the instrument panel
and a red warning light, labeled HIGH VOLTAGE, under the ammeter.
In the event an over-voltage condition occurs,
sor automatically removes alternator field current
ternator. The red warning light will then turn on,
that the alternator is not operating and the battery
cal power.
the over-voltage senand shuts down the alindicating to the pilot
is supplying all electri-
The over-voltage sensor may be reset by turning the master switch
off and back on again. If the warning light does not illuminate, normal
alternator charging has resumed; however, if the light does illuminate
again, a malfunction has occurred, and the flight should be terminated as
soon as practical.
The warning light may be tested by momentarily turning off the ALT
portion of the master switch and leaving the BAT portion turned on.
CIRCUIT BREAKERS AND FUSES
Most of the electrical circuits in the airplane are protected by "pushto-reset" circuit breakers mounted under the engine controls on the instrument panel. Exceptions to this are the battery contactor closing (external power) circuit, clock, and flight hour recorder circuits which have
fuses mounted near the battery. Also, the cigar lighter and control wheel
map light are both protected by circuit breakers on the instrument panel,
and fuses behind the panel. An automatic-reset type circuit breaker, behind the instrument panel, protects the alternator field and circuitry.
GROUND SERVICE PLUG RECEPTACLE
A ground service plug receptacle may be installed to permit the use
of an external power source for cold weather starting and during lengthy
maintenance work on the electrical and electronic equipment.
The receptacle is located behind a/door on the left side of the fuselage near the aft
7-24
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
edge of the cowling.
Just before connecting an external power source (generator type or
battery cart), the master switch should be turned O N . T n i s is especially
important since it will enable the battery to absorb transient voltages
which otherwise might damage the transistor in the electronic equipment.
The battery and external power circuits have been designed to completely eliminate the need to "jumper" across the battery contactor to
close it for charging a completely "dead" battery. A special fused circuit in the external power system supplies the needed "jumper" across
the contacts so that with a "dead" battery and an external power source
applied, turning ,the master switch ON will close the battery contactor.
LIGHTING SYSTEMS
EXTERIOR LIGHTING
Conventional navigation lights are located on the wing tips and top of
the rudder, a single landing light is installed in the cowl nose cap, and a
flashing beacon is mounted on top of the vertical fin. Additional lighting
is available and includes dual landing/taxi lights in the cowl nose cap and
a strobe light on each wing tip. All exterior lights are controlled by rocker type switches on the lower left side of the instrument panel. The
switches are ON in the up position and OFF in the down position.
The flashing beacon should not be used when flying through clouds or
overcast; the flashing light reflected from water droplets or particles in
the atmosphere, particularly at night, can produce vertigo and loss of
orientation.
The two high intensity strobe lights will enhance anti-collision protection. However, the lights should be turned off when taxiing in the vicinity
of other airplanes, or during night flight through clouds, fog or haze.
INTERIOR
LIGHTING
Instrument and control panel lighting is provided by flood lighting and
integral lighting. Two concentric rheostat control knobs on the lower left
side of the instrument panel, labeled PANEL LT, RADIO LT, control the
intensity of both flood and integral lighting.
Instrument and control panel flood lighting consists of a single red
7-25
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
flood light in the forward part of the overhead console. To use the flood
lighting, rotate the PANEL LT rheostat control knob clockwise to the desired intensity.
The radio equipment and magnetic compass have integral
lighting. The light intensity of all integral lighting is controlled by the
RADIO LT rheostat control knob.
A cabin dome light is located in the aft part of the overhead console,
and is operated by a switch on the lower portion of the instrument panel.
To turn the light on, place the switch in the ON position.
A control wheel map light is available and is mounted on the bottom of
the pilot's control wheel. The light illuminates the lower portion of the
cabin just forward of the pilot and is helpful when checking maps and other
flight data during night operations. To operate the light, first turn on the
NAV LIGHTS switch; then adjust the map light's intensity with the knurled
disk type rheostat control located at the bottom of the control wheel.
The most probable cause of a light failure is a burned out bulb; however, in the event any of the lighting systems fail to illuminate when turned on, check the appropriate circuit breaker. If the circuit breaker has
opened (white button popped out),and there is no obvious indication of a
short circuit (smoke or odor), turn off the light switch of the affected
lights, reset the breaker, and turn the switch on again. If the breaker
opens again, do not reset it.
CABIN HEATING, VENTILATING AND
DEFROSTING SYSTEM
The temperature and volume of airflow into the cabin can be regulated
to any degree desired by manipulation of the push-pull CABIN HT and
CABIN AIR control knobs (see figure 7-8).
Heated fresh air and outside air are blended in a cabin manifold just
aft of the firewall by adjustment of the heat and air controls; this air is
then vented into the cabin from outlets in the cabin manifold near the
pilot's and passenger's feet. Windshield defrost-air. is also supplied by
a duct leading from the manifold.
Full ventilation air may be obtained by utilization of the adjustable
ventilators near the upper left and right corners of the windshield, and
by pulling the CABIN AIR control knob out. The CABIN HT control knob
must be pushed full in.
7-26
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
EXHAUST
MUFFLER
SHROUD
HEATER
VALVE
VENTILATING
AIR DOOR
DEFROSTER
OUTLET
CABIN HEAT
CONTROL
CABIN AIR
CONTROL
ADJUSTABLE
VENTILATOR
ADJUSTABLE
VENTILATOR
CODE
RAM AIR FLOW
VENTILATING AIR
HEATED AIR
BLENDED AIR
MECHANICAL
CONNECTION
Figure 7-8.
Cabin Heating, Ventilating, and Defrosting System
7-27
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
PITOT-STATIC
SYSTEM
AND
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
INSTRUMENTS
The pitot-static system supplies ram air pressure to the airspeed
indicator and static pressure to the airspeed indicator, rate-of-climb
indicator and altimeter.
The system is composed of a heated pitot tube
mounted on the lower surface of the left wing, an external static port
on the lower left side of the forward fuselage, and the associated plumbing necessary to connect the instruments to the sources.
The heated pitot system consists of a heating element in the pitot tube,
a rocker-type switch labeled PITOT HT on the lower left side of the instrument panel, a 10-amp circuit breaker under the engine controls on the instrument panel, and associated wiring. When the pitot heat switch is
turned on, the element in the pitot tube is heated electrically to maintain
proper operation in possible icing conditions.
Pitot heat should be used
only as required.
AIRSPEED INDICATOR
The airspeed indicator is calibrated in knots and miles per hour.
Limitation and range markings include the white arc (42 to 85 knots),
green arc (47 to 107 knots), yellow arc (107 to 141 knots), and a red line
(141 knots).
If a true airspeed indicator is installed, it is equipped with a rotatable
ring which works in conjunction with the airspeed indicator dial in a manner similar to the operation of a flight computer.
To operate the indicator,
first rotate the ring until pressure altitude is aligned with outside air temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.
Pressure altitude should not be confused
with indicated altitude.
To obtain pressure altitude, momentarily set the
barometric scale on the altimeter to 29. 92 and read pressure altitude on
the altimeter. Be sure to return the altimeter barometric scale to the
original barometric setting after pressure altitude has been obtained.
Having set the ring to correct for altitude and temperature, then read the
airspeed shown on the rotatable ring by the indicator pointer.
For best
accuracy, this indication should be corrected to calibrated airspeed by
referring to the Airspeed Calibration chart in Section 5.
Knowing the calibrated airspeed, read true airspeed on the ring opposite the calibrated airspeed.
RATE-OF-CLIMB INDICATOR
The rate-of-climb indicator depicts airplane rate of climb or descent
in feet per minute. The pointer is actuated by atmospheric pressure
changes resulting from changes of altitude as supplied by the static
source.
7-28
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
ALTIMETER
Airplane altitude is depicted by a barometric type altimeter. A
knob near the lower left portion of the indicator provides adjustment of
the instrument's barometric scale to the current altimeter setting.
VACUUM SYSTEM AND INSTRUMENTS
An engine-driven vacuum system (see figure 7-9) provides the suction
necessary to operate the attitude indicator and directional indicator.
The
system consists of a vacuum pump mounted on the engine, a vacuum relief valve and vacuum system air filter on the aft side of the firewall below the instrument panel, and instruments (including a suction gage) on
the left side of the instrument panel.
ATTITUDE INDICATOR
An attitude indicator is available and gives a visual indication of
flight attitude. Bank attitude is presented by a pointer at the top of the
indicator relative to the bank scale which has index marks at 10°, 20°,
30°, 60°, and 90° either side of the center mark. Pitch and roll attitudes
are presented by a miniature airplane in relation to the horizon bar. A
knob at the bottom of the instrument is provided for in-flight adjustment of the miniature airplane to the horizon bar for a more accurate
flight attitude indication.
DIRECTIONAL INDICATOR
A directional indicator is available and displays airplane heading on
a compass card in relation to a fixed simulated airplane image and index.
The directional indicator will precess slightly over a period of time.
Therefore, the compass card should be set in accordance with the magnetic compass just prior to takeoff, and occasionally re-adjusted on extended flights. A knob on the lower left edge of the instrument is used to
adjust the compass card to correct for any precession.
SUCTION GAGE
A suction gage is located on the left side of the instrument panel and
indicates, in inches of mercury, the amount of suction available for operaion of the attitude indicator and directional indicator. The desired suction range is 4. 6 to 5. 4 inches of mercury. A suction reading below this
range may indicate a system malfunction or improper adjustment, and in
this case, the indicators should not be considered reliable.
7-29
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
CODE
OVERBOARD
VENT LINE
INLET AIR
VACUUM
DISCHARGE AIR
VACUUM RELIEF VALVE
ATTITUDE
INDICATOR
SUCTION
GAGE
DIRECTIONAL
INDICATOR
Figure 7-9.
7-30
VACUUM SYSTEM
AIR FILTER
Vacuum System
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
STALL
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
WARNING
SYSTEM
The airplane is equipped with a pneumatic-type stall warning system consisting of an inlet in the leading edge of the left wing, an airoperated horn near the upper left corner of the windshield, and associated plumbing. As the airplane approaches a stall, the low pressure
on the upper surface of the wing moves forward around the leading
edge of the wing. This low pressure creates a differential pressure in
the stall warning system which draws air through the warning horn,
resulting in an audible warning at 5 to 10 knots above stall in all flight
conditions.
The stall warning system should be checked during the preflight inspection by placing a clean handkerchief over the vent opening and applying suction. A sound from the warning horn will confirm that the system
is operative.
AVIONICS
SUPPORT
EQUIPMENT
The airplane may, at the owner's discretion, be equipped with various types of avionics support equipment such as an audio control panel
and static dischargers. The following paragraphs discuss these items.
AUDIO
CONTROL PANEL
Operation of radio equipment is covered in Section 9 of this handbook.
When one or more radios is installed, a transmitter/audio switching system is provided (see figure 7-10). The operation of this switching system
is described in the following paragraphs.
COM
TRANS
2
1
1
ADF
SPEAKER
OFF
PHONE
2
SPEAKER-PHONE SWITCH (TYPICAL)
TRANSMITTER
SELECTOR
SWITCH
Figure 7-10.
Audio Control Panel
7-31
SECTION 7
AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
CESSNA
MODEL 15OM
The transmitter selector switch is labeled TRANS, and has two positions. When two transmitters are installed, it is necessary to switch the
microphone to the radio unit the pilot desires to use for transmission.
This is accomplished by placing the transmitter selector switch in the
position corresponding to the radio unit which is to be used.
The up position selects the upper transmitter and the down position selects the lower
transmitter.
The installation of Cessna radio equipment provides certain audio
back-up capabilities and transmitter selector switch functions that the
pilot should be familiar with.
When the transmitter selector switch is
placed in the No. 1 or No. 2 position, the audio amplifier of the corresponding transceiver is utilized to provide the speaker audio for all radios.
If the audio amplifier in the selected transceiver fails, as evidenced by
loss of speaker audio for all radios, place the transmitter selector switch
in the other transceiver position.
Since an audio amplifier is not utilized
for headphones, a malfunctioning amplifier will not affect headphone operation.
The speaker-phone switches determine whether the output of the receiver in use is fed to the headphones or through the audio amplifier to
the speaker.
Place the switch for the desired receiving system either in
the up position for speaker operation or in the down position for headphones.
The center OFF position will remove receiver output to either
headphones or the speaker.
STATIC
DISCHARGERS
If frequent IFR flights are planned, installation of wick-type static
dischargers is recommended to improve radio communications during
flight through dust or various forms of precipitation (rain, snow or ice
crystals). Under these conditions, the build-up and discharge of static
electricity from the trailing edges of the wings, rudder, elevator, propeller tips, and radio antennas can result in loss of usable radio signals
on all communications and navigation radio equipment. Usually the ADF
is first to be affected and VHF communication equipment is the last to be
affected.
Installation of static dischargers reduces interference from precipitation static, but it is possible to encounter severe precipitation static
conditions which might cause the loss of radio signals, even with static
dischargers installed. Whenever possible, avoid known severe precipitation areas to prevent loss of dependable radio signals.
If avoidance is
impractical, minimize airspeed and anticipate temporary loss of radio
signals while in these areas.
7-32
CESSNA
MODEL150M
SECTIONS
HANDLING, SERVICE
& MAINTENANCE
SECTION 8
AIRPLANE HANDLING,
SERVICE & MAINTENANCE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Introduction
Identification Plate
Owner Follow-Up System
Publications
Airplane File
Airplane Inspection Periods
FAA Required Inspections
Cessna Progressive Care
Cessna Customer Care Program
Pilot Conducted Preventive Maintenance
Alterations or Repairs
Ground Handling
Towing
Parking
Tie-Down
Jacking
Leveling
Flyable Storage
Servicing
Engine Oil
Fuel
Landing Gear.
Cleaning and Care
Windshield-Windows
Painted Surfaces
Propeller Care
Engine Care
Interior Care
8-3
8-3
8-3
8-3
8-4
8-5
8-5
8-6
8-6
8-7
8-7
8-7
8-7
8-7
8-8
8-8
8-9
8-9
8-10
8-10
8-11
8-11
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-13
8-13
8-13
8-1/(8-2 blank)
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 8
HANDLING, SERVICE
& MAINTENANCE
INTRODUCTION
This section contains factory-recommended procedures for proper
ground handling and routine care and servicing of your Cessna. It also
identifies certain inspection and maintenance requirements which must
be followed if your airplane is to retain that new-plane performance and
dependability. It is wise to follow a planned schedule of lubrication and
preventive maintenance based on climatic and flying conditions encountered in your locality.
Keep in touch with your Cessna Dealer and take advantage of his
knowledge and experience. He knows your airplane and how to maintain it.
He will remind you when lubrications and oil changes are necessary, and
about other seasonal and periodic services.
IDENTIFICATION
PLATE
All correspondence regarding your airplane should include the
SERIAL NUMBER. The Serial Number, Model Number, Production Certificate Number (PC) and Type Certificate Number (TC) can be found on
the Identification Plate, located on the cabin floor below the left rear corner of the pilot's seat. The plate is accessible by sliding the seat forward and lifting the carpet in this area. Located adjacent to the Identification Plate is a Finish and Trim Plate which contains a code describing
the interior color scheme and exterior paint combination of the airplane.
The code may be used in conjunction with an applicable Parts Catalog if
finish and trim information is needed.
OWNER FOLLOW-UP
SYSTEM
Your Cessna Dealer has an Owner Follow-Up System to notify you
when he receives information that applies to your Cessna. In addition, if
you wish, you may choose to receive similar notification, in the form of
Service Letters, directly from the Cessna Customer Services Department.
A subscription form is supplied in your Customer Care Program book for
your use, should you choose to request this service. Your Cessna Dealer
will be glad to supply you with details concerning these follow-up programs,
and stands ready, through his Service Department, to supply you with fast,
efficient, low-cost service.
PUBLICATIONS
Various publications and flight operation aids are furnished in the
8-3
SECTION 8
HANDLING, SERVICE
& MAINTENANCE .
airplane when delivered from the factory.
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
These items are listed below.
CUSTOMER CARE PROGRAM BOOK
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK/SUPPLEMENTS
AIRPLANE
AVIONICS
PILOT'S
FOR YOUR
CHECKLISTS
POWER COMPUTER
SALES AND
SERVICE DEALER DIRECTORY
DO'S AND DON'TS ENGINE BOOKLET
The following additional publications, plus many other supplies that
are applicable to your airplane, are available from your Cessna Dealer.
SERVICE MANUALS AND PARTS CATALOGS FOR YOUR
AIRPLANE
ENGINE AND ACCESSORIES
AVIONICS
Your Cessna Dealer has a Customer Care Supplies Catalog covering
all available items, many of which he keeps on hand.
He will be happy to
place an order for any item which is not in stock.
AIRPLANE
FILE
There are miscellaneous data, information and licenses that are a
part of the airplane file.
The following is a checklist for that file.
In
addition, a periodic check should be made of the latest Federal Aviation
Regulations to ensure that all data requirements are met.
A.
To be displayed in the airplane at all times:
(1)
Aircraft Airworthiness Certificate (FAA Form 8100-2).
(2) Aircraft Registration Certificate (FAA Form 8050-3).
(3) Aircraft Radio Station License, if transmitter installed (FCC
Form 556).
B.
To be carried in the airplane at all times:
(1) Weight and Balance, and associated papers (latest copy of the
Repair and Alteration Form, FAA Form 337; if applicable).
(2) Equipment List.
8-4
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 8
HANDLING, SERVICE
& MAINTENANCE
C. To be made available upon request:
(1) Airplane Log Book.
(2) Engine Log Book.
Most of the items listed are required by the United States Federal
Aviation Regulations. Since the Regulations of other nations may require
other documents and data, owners of airplanes not registered in the United
States should check with their own aviation officials to determine their individual requirements.
Cessna r e co mme n d s that these items, plus the Pilot' s Operating
Handbook, Pilot' s Checklists, Power Computer, Customer Care Program book and Customer Care Card, be carried in the airplane at all
times.
AIRPLANE INSPECTION PERIODS
FAA REQUIRED INSPECTIONS
As required by Federal Aviation Regulations, all civil aircraft of
U. S. registry must undergo a complete inspection (annual) each twelve
calendar months. In addition to the required ANNUAL inspection, aircraft operated commercially (for hire) must have a complete inspection
every 100 hours of operation.
The FAA may require other inspections by the issuance of airworthiness directives applicable to the airplane, engine, propeller and components. It is the responsibility of the owner/operator to ensure compliance
with all applicable airworthiness directives and, when the inspections are
repetitive, to take appropriate steps to prevent inadvertent noncompliance.
In lieu of the 100 HOUR and ANNUAL inspection requirements, an
airplane may be inspected in accordance with a progressive inspection
schedule, which allows the work load to be divided into smaller operations
what can be accomplished in
The CESSNA PROGRESSIVE CARE PROGRAM has been developed to
Provide a modern progressive inspection schedule that satisfies the complete airplane inspection requirements of both the 100 HOUR and ANNUAL
inspections as applicable to Cessna airplanes. The program a s s i s t s the
owner in his responsibility to comply with all FAA inspection requirements,
while ensuring timely
replacement of life-limited parts and adherence to
factory-recommended inspection intervals and maintenance procedures.
8-5
SECTION 8
HANDLING, SERVICE
& MAINTENANCE
CESSNA
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
PROGRESSIVE CARE
The Cessna Progressive Care Program has been designed to help you
realize maximum utilization of your airplane at a minimum cost and downtime. Under this program, your airplane is inspected and maintained in
four operations at 50-hourintervals during a 200-hour period. The operations are recycled each 200 hours and are recorded in a specially provided Aircraft Inspection Log as each operation is conducted.
The Cessna Aircraft Company recommends Progressive Care for airplanes that are being flown 200 hours or more per year, and the 100-hour
inspection for all other airplanes. The procedures for the Progressive
Care Program and the 100-hour inspection have been carefully worked out
by the factory and are followed by the Cessna Dealer Organization. The
complete familiarity of Cessna Dealers with Cessna equipment and factoryapproved procedures provides the highest level of service possible at
lower cost to Cessna owners.
Regardless of the inspection method selected by the owner, he should
keep in mind that FAR Part 43 and FAR Part 91 establishes the requirement that properly certified agencies or personnel accomplish all required
FAA inspections and most of the manufacturer recommended inspections.
CESSNA CUSTOMER CARE
PROGRAM
Specific benefits and provisions of the CESSNA WARRANTY plus other
important benefits for you are contained in your CUSTOMER CARE
PROGRAM book supplied with your airplane. You will want to thoroughly
review your Customer Care Program book and keep it in your airplane at
all times.
Coupons attached to the Program book entitle you to an initial inspection and either a Progressive Care Operation No. 1 or the first 100-hour
inspection within the first 6 months of ownership at no charge to you. If
you take delivery from your Dealer, the initial inspection will have been
performed before delivery of the airplane to you. If you pick up your airplane at the factory, plan to take it to your Dealer reasonably soon after
you take delivery, so the initial inspection may be performed allowing the
Dealer to make any minor adjustments which may be necessary.
You will also want to return to your Dealer either at 50 hours for your
first Progressive Care Operation, or at 100 hours for your first 100-hour
inspection depending on which program you choose to establish for your
airplane. While these important inspections will be performed for you by
any Cessna Dealer, in most cases you will prefer to have the Dealer from
whom you purchased the airplane accomplish this work.
8-6
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 8
HANDLING, SERVICE
& MAINTENANCE
PILOT CONDUCTED
PREVENTIVE
MAINTENANCE
A certified pilot who owns or operates an airplane not used as an air
carrier is authorized by FAR Part 43 to perform limited maintenance on
his airplane. Refer to FAR Part 43 for a list of the specific maintenance
operations which are allowed.
NOTE
Pilots operating airplanes of other than U. S. registry
should refer to the regulations of the country of certification for information on preventive maintenance that
may be performed by pilots.
A Service Manual should be obtained prior to performing any preventive maintenance to ensure that proper procedures are followed. Your
Cessna Dealer should be contacted for further information or for required
maintenance which must be accomplished by appropriately licensed personnel.
ALTERATIONS
OR REPAIRS
It is essential that the FAA be contacted prior to any alterations on
the airplane to ensure that airworthiness of the airplane is not violated.
Alterations or repairs to the airplane must be accomplished by licensed
personnel.
GROUND HANDLING
TOWING
The airplane is most easily and safely maneuvered by hand with the
tow-bar attached to the nose wheel. When towing with a vehicle, do not
exceed the nose gear turning angle of 30° either side of center, or damage
to the gear will result. If the airplane is "towed or pushed over a rough
surface during hangaring, watch that the normal cushioning action of the
nose strut does not cause excessive vertical movement of the tail and the
resulting contact with low hangar doors or structure. A flat nose tire or
deflated strut will also increase tail height.
PARKING
When parking the airplane, head into the wind and set the parking
brakes. Do not set the parking brakes during cold weather when accumu8-7
SECTION 8
HANDLING, SERVICE
& MAINTENANCE
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
lated moisture may freeze the brakes, or when the brakes are overheated,
install the control wheel lock and chock the wheels. In severe weather
and high wind conditions, tie the airplane down as outlined in the following paragraph.
TIE-DOWN
Proper tie-down procedure is the best precaution against damage to
the parked airplane by gusty or strong winds. To tie-down the airplane
securely, proceed as follows:
(1) Set the parking brake and install the control wheel lock.
(2) Install a surface control lock between each aileron and flap.
(3) Tie sufficiently strong ropes or chains (700 pounds tensile
strength) to the wing and tail tie-down fittings and secure each rope
to a ramp tie-down.
(4) Install a surface control lock over the fin and rudder.
(5) Tie a rope (no chains or cables) to an exposed portion of the
engine mount and secure to a ramp tie-down.
(6) Install a pitot tube cover.
JACKING
When a requirement exists to jack the entire airplane off the ground,
or when wing jack points are used in the jacking operation, refer to the
Service Manual for specific procedures and equipment required.
Individual main gear may be jacked by using the jack pad which is
incorporated in the main landing gear strut step bracket. When using the
individual gear strut jack pad, flexibility of the gear strut will cause the
main wheel to slide inboard as the wheel is raised, tilting the jack. The
jack must then be lowered for a second jacking operation. Do not jack
both main wheels simultaneously using the individual main gear jack pads.
If nose gear maintenance is required, the nose wheel may be raised
off the ground by pressing down on a tailcone bulkhead, just forward of the
horizontal stabilizer, and allowing the tail to rest on the tail tie-down ring
NOTE
Do not apply pressure on the elevator or outboard stabilizer surfaces. When pushing on the tailcone, always
apply pressure at a bulkhead to avoid buckling the skin.
To assist in raising and holding the nose wheel off the ground, weight
down the tail by placing sand-bags, or suitable weight, on each side of the
8-8
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 8
HANDLING, SERVICE
& MAINTENANCE
horizontal stabilizer, next to the fuselage. If ground anchors are available, the tail should be securely tied down.
NOTE
Ensure that the nose will be held off the ground under
all conditions by means of suitable stands or supports
under weight supporting bulkheads near the nose of the
airplane.
LEVELING
Longitudinal leveling of the airplane is accomplished by placing a
level on leveling screws located at stations 94. 63 and 132.94 on the left
side of the tailcone. Deflate the nose tire and/or lower or raise the nose
strut to properly center the bubble in the level. Corresponding points on
both upper door sills may be used to level the airplane laterally.
FLYABLE STORAGE
Airplanes placed in non-operational storage for a maximum of 30 days
or those which receive only intermittent operational use for the first 25
hours are considered in flyable storage status. Every seventh day during
these periods, the propeller should be rotated by hand through five revolutions. This action "limbers" the oil and prevents any accumulation of corrosion on engine cylinder walls.
WARNING
For maximum safety, check that the ignition switch is
OFF, the throttle is closed, the mixture control is in
the idle cut-off position, and the airplane is secured
before rotating the propeller by hand. Do not stand
within the arc of the propeller blades while turning the
propeller.
After 30 days, the airplane should be flown for 30 minutes or a ground
runup should be made just long enough to produce an oil temperature within the lower green arc range. Excessive ground runup should be avoided.
Engine runup also helps to eliminate excessive accumulations of water
in the fuel system and other air spaces in the engine. Keep fuel tanks full
to minimize condensation in the tanks. Keep the battery fully charged to
Prevent the electrolyte from freezing in cold weather. If the airplane is
to be stored temporarily, or indefinitely, refer to the Service Manual for
Proper storage procedures.
8-9
SECTION 8
HANDLING, SERVICE
& MAINTENANCE
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SERVICING
In addition to the PREFLIGHT INSPECTION covered in Section 4,
COMPLETE servicing, inspection, and test requirements for your airplane are detailed in the Service Manual. The Service Manual outlines
all items which require attention at 50, 100, and 200 hour intervals plus
those items which require servicing, inspection, and/or testing at special
intervals.
Since Cessna Dealers conduct all service, inspection, and test procedures in accordance with applicable Service Manuals, it is recommended
that you contact your Cessna Dealer concerning these requirements and
begin scheduling your airplane for service at the recommended intervals.
Cessna Progressive Care ensures that these requirements are accomplished at the required intervals to comply with the 100-hour or ANNUAL
inspection as previously covered.
Depending on various flight operations, your local Government Aviation Agency may require additional service, inspections, or tests.
For
these regulatory requirements, owners should check with local aviation
officials where the airplane is being operated.
For quick and ready reference, quantities, materials, and specifications for frequently used service items are as follows.
ENGINE OIL
GRADE -- Aviation Grade SAE 40 Above 4° C(40°F).
Aviation Grade SAE 10W30 or SAE 20 Below 4°C(40°F).
Multi-viscosity oil with a range of SAE 10W30 is recommended for
improved starting in cold weather. Ashless dispersant oil, conforming to Continental Motors Specification MHS-24A, must be used.
NOTE
Your Cessna was delivered from the factory with a corrosion preventive aircraft engine oil. If oil must be added
during the first 25 hours, use only aviation grade straight
mineral oil conforming to Specification No. MIL-L-6082.
CAPACITY OF ENGINE SUMP - - 6 Quarts.
Do not operate on less than 4 quarts. To minimize loss of oil through
breather, fill to 5 quart level for normal flights of less than 3 hours.
For extended flight, fill to 6 quarts. These quantities refer to oil
dipstick level readings. During oil and oil filter changes, one additional quart is required when the filter element is changed.
8-10
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 8
HANDLING, SERVICE
& MAINTENANCE
OIL AND OIL FILTER CHANGE -After the first 25 hours of operation, drain engine oil sump and clean
the oil pressure screen. If an oil filter is installed, change the filter
element at this time. Refill sump with straight mineral oil and use
until a total of 50 hours has accumulated or oil consumption has stabilized; then change to dispersant oil. On airplanes not equipped with
an oil filter, drain the engine oil sump and clean the oil pr es sur e
screen each 50 hours thereafter. On airplanes which have an oil filter, the oil change interval may be extended to 100-hour intervals,
providing the oil filter element is changed at 50-hour intervals.
Change engine oil at least every 6 months even though less than the
recommended hours have accumulated. Reduce intervals for prolonged operation in dusty areas, cold climates, or when short flights
and long idle periods result in sludging conditions.
FUEL
APPROVED FUEL GRADES (AND COLORS) -80 (Formerly 80/87) Grade Aviation Fuel (Red).
l00LL Grade Aviation Fuel (Blue).
100 (formely 100/130) Grade Aviation Fuel (Green).
CAPACITY EACH STANDARD TANK — 13 Gallons.
CAPACITY EACH LONG RANGE TANK -- 19 Gallons.
NOTE
Due to cross-feeding between fuel tanks, the tanks should
be re-topped after each refueling to assure maximum
capacity.
LANDING GEAR
NOSE WHEEL TIRE PRESSURE -- 30 PSI on 5. 00-5, 4-Ply Rated Tire.
MAIN WHEEL TIRE PRESSURE -- 21 PSI on 6. 00-6, 4-Ply Rated Tires.
NOSE GEAR SHOCK STRUT -Keep filled with MIL-H-5606 hydraulic fluid and inflated with air to
20 PSI. Do not over-inflate.
8-11
SECTION 8
HANDLING, SERVICE
& MAINTENANCE
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
CLEANING AND CARE
WINDSHIELD-WINDOWS
The plastic windshield and windows should be cleaned with an aircraft
windshield cleaner. Apply the cleaner sparingly with soft cloths, and rub
with moderate pressure until all dirt, oil scum and bug stains are removed. Allow the cleaner to dry, then wipe it off with soft flannel cloths.
If a windshield cleaner is not available, the plastic can be cleaned
with soft cloths moistened with Stoddard solvent to remove oil and grease.
NOTE
Never use gasoline, benzine, alcohol, acetone, carbon
tetrachloride, fire extinguisher or anti-ice fluid, lacquer
thinner or glass cleaner to clean the plastic. These materials will attack the plastic and may cause it to craze.
Follow by carefully washing with a mild detergent and plenty of water.
Rinse thoroughly, then dry with a clean moist chamois. Do not rub the
plastic with a dry cloth since this builds up an electrostatic charge which
attracts dust. Waxing with a good commercial wax will finish the cleaning job. A thin, even coat of wax, polished out by hand with clean soft
flannel cloths, will fill in minor scratches and help prevent further
scratching.
Do not use a canvas cover on the windshield unless freezing rain or
sleet is anticipated since the cover may scratch the plastic surface.
PAINTED SURFACES
The painted exterior surfaces of your new Cessna have a durable,
long lasting finish and, under normal conditions, require no polishing or
buffing. Approximately 15 days are required for the paint to cure completely; in most cases, the curing period will have been completed prior
to delivery of the airplane. In the event that polishing or buffing is required within the curing period, it is recommended that the work be done
by someone experienced in handling uncured paint. Any Cessna Dealer
can accomplish this work.
Generally, the painted surfaces can be kept bright by washing with
water and mild soap, followed by a rinse with water and drying with
cloths or a chamois. Harsh or abrasive soaps or detergents which cause
corrosion or scratches should never be used. Remove stubborn oil and
grease with a cloth moistened with Stoddard solvent.
8-12
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 8
HANDLING, SERVICE
& MAINTENANCE
Waxing is unnecessary to keep the painted surfaces bright.
However,
if desired, the airplane may be waxed with a good automotive wax. A
heavier coating of wax on the leading edges of the wings and tail and on
the engine nose cap and propeller spinner will help reduce the abrasion
encountered in these a r e a s .
When the airplane is parked outside in cold climates and it is necessary to remove ice before flight, care should be taken to protect the painted surfaces during ice removal with chemical liquids. A 50-50 solution of
isopropyl alcohol and water will satisfactorily remove ice accumulations
without damaging the paint. A solution with more than 50% alcohol is
harmful and should be avoided. While applying the de-icing solution, keep
it away from the windshield and cabin windows since the alcohol will attack
the plastic and may cause it to craze.
PROPELLER CARE
Preflight inspection of propeller blades for nicks, and wiping them
occasionally with an oily cloth to clean off grass and bug stains will assure long, trouble-free service. Small nicks on the propeller, particularly near the tips and on the leading edges, should be dressed out as
soon as possible since these nicks produce stress concentrations, and if
ignored, may result in cracks. Never use an alkaline cleaner on the
blades; remove grease and dirt with carbon tetrachloride or Stoddard
solvent.
ENGINE CARE
The engine may be cleaned with Stoddard solvent, or equivalent, then
dried thoroughly.
CAUTION
Particular care should be given to electrical equipment
before cleaning. Cleaning fluids should not be allowed
to enter magnetos, s t ar t e r , alternator and the like.
Protect these components before saturating the engine
with solvents. All other openings should also be covered
before cleaning the engine assembly. Caustic cleaning
solutions should be used cautiously and should always be
properly neutralized after their use.
INTERIOR CARE
To remove dust and loose dirt from the upholstery and carpet, clean
the interior regularly with a vacuum cleaner.
8-13
SECTION 8
HANDLING, SERVICE
& MAINTENANCE
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
Blot up any spilled liquid promptly with cleansing tissue or rags.
Don't pat the spot; press the blotting material firmly and hold it for several seconds. Continue blotting until no more liquid is taken up. Scrape
off stickly materials with a dull knife, then spot-clean the area.
Oily spots may be cleaned with household spot removers, used sparingly. Before using any solvent, read the instructions on the container
and test it on an obscure place on the fabric to be cleaned. Never saturate the fabric with a volatile solvent; it may damage the padding and
backing materials.
Soiled upholstery and carpet may be cleaned with foam-type detergent,
used according to the manufacturer's instructions.
To minimize wetting
the fabric, keep the foam as dry as possible and remove it with a vacuum
cleaner.
The plastic trim, headliner, instrument panel and control knobs need
only be wiped off with a damp cloth. Oil and grease on the control wheel
and control knobs can be removed with a cloth moistened withStoddard
solvent. Volatile solvents, such as mentioned in paragraphs on care of
the windshield, must be never be used since they soften and craze the
plastic.
8-14
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
SECTION 9
SUPPLEMENTS
SECTION 9
SUPPLEMENTS
(Optional Systems Description
& Operating Procedures)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction
Supplements:
Emergency Locator Transmitted
(ELT)
Cessna 300 Nav/Com (Type
RT-308C)
Cessna 300 Nav/Com (Type RT-328T)
Cessna 300 ADF (Type R-546E)
Cessna 300 Transponder (Type RT-359A) and Optional
Encoding Altimeter (Type EA-401A)
Cessna 300 Transponder (Type RT-359A) and Optional
Altitude Encoder (Blind)
Cessna 400 Transponder (Type RT-459A) and Optional
Encoding Altimeter (Type EA-401A)
Cessna 400 Transponder (Type RT-459A) and Optional
Altitude Encoder (Blind)
Cessna 400 Marker Beacon (Type R-402A)
Cessna 400 Glide Slope (Type R-443B)
(4
(4
(6
(6
pages)
pages)
pages)
pages)
(6 pages)
(6 pages)
(6 pages)
(6 pages)
(4 pages)
(4 pages)
9-1
SECTION 9
SUPPLEMENTS
CESSNA
MODEL 150M
INTRODUCTION
This section consists of a series of supplements, each covering a
single optional system which may be installed in the airplane. Each suplement contains a brief description, and when applicable, operating limitations, emergency and normal procedures, and performance. Other
routinely installed items of optional equipment, whose function and operational procedures do not require detailed instructions, are discussed in
Section 7.
9-2
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
EMERGENCY LOCATOR
SUPPLEMENT
TRANSMITTER (ELT)
SUPPLEMENT
EMERGENCY
LOCATOR
(ELT)
TRANSMITTER
SECTION 1
GENERAL
The ELT consists of a self-contained dual-frequency radio transmitter and battery power supply, and is activated by an impact of 5g or more
as may be experienced in a crash landing. The ELT emits an omnidirectional signal on the international distress frequencies of 121.5 and 243.0
MHz. (Some ELT units in export aircraft transmit only on 121. 5 MHz.)
General aviation and commercial aircraft, the FAA, and CAP monitor
121. 5 MHz, and 243. 0 MHz is monitored by the military. Following a
crash landing, the ELT will provide line-of-sight transmission up to 100
miles at 10, 000 feet. The duration of ELT transmissions is affected by
ambient temperature. At temperatures of +21° to +54°C (+70° to +130°F),
continuous transmission for 115 hours can be expected; a temperature of
-40°C (-40°F) will shorten the duration to 70 hours.
The ELT is readily identified as a bright orange unit mounted behind
the baggage compartment wall in the tailcone. To gain success to the unit,
remove the baggage compartment wall. The ELT is operated by a control
panel at the forward facing end of the unit (see figure 1).
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
There is no change to the airplane limitations when this equipment is
installed.
1 of 4
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
EMERGENCY LOCATOR
TRANSMITTER (ELT)
COVER - Removable for access to battery.
FUNCTION SELECTOR SWITCH (3-position toggle switch):
ON
- Activates transmitter instantly.
and if "g" switch is inoperative.
OFF - Deactivates transmitter.
and following rescue.
Used for test purposes
Used during shipping, storage
ARM- Activates transmitter only when "g" switch receives 5g
or more impact.
ANTENNA RECEPTACLE - Connection to antenna mounted on
top of the tailcone.
Figure 1.
ELT Control Panel
SECTION
EMERGENCY
3
PROCEDURES
Immediately after a forced landing where emergency assistance is required, the ELT should be utilized as follows.
(1) ENSURE ELT ACTIVATION: Turn a radio transceiver ON and
select 121. 5 MHz. If the ELT can be heard transmitting, it was activated by the "g" switch and is functioning properly. If no emergency tone is audible, gain access to the ELT and place the function se2
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
EMERGENCY LOCATOR
TRANSMITTER (ELT)
lector switch in the ON position.
(2) PRIOR TO SIGHTING RESCUE AIRCRAFT: Conserve airplane
battery. Do not activate radio transceiver.
(3) AFTER SIGHTING RESCUE AIRCRAFT: Place ELT function
selector switch in the OFF position, preventing radio interference.
Attempt contact with rescue aircraft with the radio transceiver set to
a frequency of 121. 5 MHz. If no contact is established, return the
function selector switch to ON immediately.
(4) FOLLOWING RESCUE: Place ELT function selector switch in
the OFF position, terminating emergency transmissions.
SECTION 4
NORMAL PROCEDURES
As long as the function selector switch remains in the ARM position,
the ELT automatically activates following an impact of 5g or more over a
short period of time.
Following a lightning strike, or an exceptionally hard landing, the
ELT may activate although no emergency exists. To check your ELT for
inadvertent activation, select 121. 5 MHz on your radio transceiver and
listen for an emergency tone transmission. If the ELT can be heard transmitting, place the function selector switch in the OFF position and the tone
should cease. Immediately place the function selector switch in the ARM
Position to re-set the ELT for normal operation.
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
There is no change to the airplane performance data when this equipment is installed.
3/(4 blank)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 300 NAV/COM
(TYPE RT-308C)
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 300 N A V / C O M
(COM/VOR, No LOC - Type RT-308C)
SECTION 1
GENERAL
The Cessna 300 Nav/Com (Type RT-308C), shown in Figure 1, consists of a panel-mounted receiver-transmitter (RT-308C) and a single
needle course deviation indicator (IN-514R or IN-514B). The RT-308C
Receiver-Transmitter includes a 360-channel VHF communication receivertransmitter and a 160-channel VHF navigation receiver, both of which may
be operated simultaneously.
The communication receiver-transmitter receives and transmits signals between 118. 00 and 135. 95 MHz in 50 kHz steps. The navigation receiver receives and interprets VHF omnidirectional range (VOR) signals
between 108. 00 and 117. 95 MHz. Although localizer signals (all oddtenth frequencies between 108. 1 and 111. 9 MHz) can also be received, the
navigation receiver does not include the necessary circuits to interpret
the signals for localizer indications. However, the audio portion of the
localizer is audible so that flight information, such as that broadcast in
certain areas on selected localizer frequencies by the Automatic Terminal
Information Service (ATIS), may be heard.
All controls for the Cessna 300 Nav/Com (Type RT-308C), except the
omni bearing selector (OBS), are mounted on the front panel of the receivertransmitter. The course selector and the navigation indicators are included in the course deviation indicator. The communication receivertransmitter and the navigation receiver are synthesizer-controlled and
are tuned automatically when the frequency is selected. In addition, when
two or more radios are installed, a transmitter selector switch and a
speaker-phone selector switch are provided. Each control function is
described in Figure 1.
SECTION
2
LIMITATIONS
There is no change to the airplane limitations when this avionic equipment is installed.
1 of 4
CESSNA 300 NAV/COM
(TYPE RT-308C)
1.
RECEIVER-TRANSMITTER FREQUENCY INDICATOR.
2.
NAVIGATION RECEIVER FREQUENCY INDICATOR.
3.
SQUELCH CONTROL - Used to adjust signal threshold
necessary to activate communication receiver audio.
Clockwise rotation increases background noise (decreases
squelch action); counterclockwise rotation decreases
background noise.
4.
COMMUNICATION RECEIVER-TRANSMITTER MEGAHERTZ SELECTOR - Selects communication
receiver-transmitter frequency in 1-MHz steps between
118 and 135 MHz.
Figure 1.
2
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
Cessna 300 Nav/Com (Type RT-308C) - VOR only (Sheet 1 of 2)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 300 NAV/COM
(TYPE RT-308C)
5.
OFF/ON VOLUME CONTROL - Turns complete set on
and controls volume of audio from communication receiver. Clockwise rotation increases audio level.
6.
COMMUNICATION RECEIVER-TRANSMITTER FRACTIONAL MEGAHERTZ SELECTOR - Selects communication receiver-transmitter fractional frequency in
0. 05 MHz steps between 0. 00 and 0.95 MHz.
7.
NAVIGATION RECEIVER MEGAHERTZ SELECTOR Selects navigation receiver frequency in 1-MHz steps
between 108 and 117 MHz.
8.
NAVIGATION RECEIVER VOLUME CONTROL - Controls volume of audio from navigation receiver only.
Clockwise rotation increases audio level.
9.
NAVIGATION RECEIVER FRACTIONAL MEGAHERTZ
SELECTOR - Selects navigation receiver frequency
in 0. 05 MHz steps between 0. 00 and 0.95 MHz.
10.
COURSE DEVIATION POINTER - Indicates deviation
from selected omni bearing.
11.
OFF/TO-FROM (OMNI) INDICATOR - Operates only
with VOR signal. "OFF" position (flag) indicates
unreliable signal or no signal (shows OFF when localizer
frequency is selected). When "OFF" position disappears,
indicator shows whether selected course is "TO" or
"FROM" VOR station.
12.
RECIPROCAL COURSE INDEX - Indicates reciprocal
of selected VOR course.
13.
OMNI BEARING SELECTOR (OBS) - Selects desired
course to or from a VOR station.
14.
BACK COURSE (BC) INDICATOR LIGHT (On IN-514B
Only) - Not used with this radio.
15.
BEARING DIAL - Rotated by OBS to select course at index.
16.
COURSE INDEX - Indicates selected VOR course.
Figure 1.
Cessna 300 Nav/Com (Type RT-308C) - VOR only (Sheet 2 of 2)
3
CESSNA 300 NAV/COM
(TYPE RT-308C)
PILOT'S
SECTION
EMERGENCY
OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
3
PROCEDURES
There is no change to the airplane emergency procedures when this
avionic equipment is installed.
SECTION
NORMAL
4
PROCEDURES
COMMUNICATIONS TRANSCEIVER OPERATION:
(1) OFF/VOL Control — TURN ON and adjust to desired listening
level.
(2) XMTR SEL Switch -- SET to desired transceiver.
(3) SPEAKER/PHONE (or AUTO) Switch -- SET to desired mode.
(4) COM Frequency Selector Knobs — SELECT desired operating
frequency.
(5) SQ Control — ROTATE counterclockwise to decrease background
noise as required.
(6) Mike Button:
a. To Transmit — DEPRESS and SPEAK into microphone.
b. To Receive -- RELEASE.
NAVIGATION RECEIVER OPERATION:
(1) COM OFF/VOL Control -- TURN ON.
(2) SPEAKER/PHONE (or AUTO) Switch -- SET to desired mode.
(3) NAV Frequency Selector Knobs — SELECT desired operating
frequency.
(4) NAV VOL Control -- ADJUST to desired listening level.
(5) OBS Knob — SELECT desired course.
SECTION
5
PERFORMANCE
There is no change to the airplane performance when this avionic
equipment is installed. However, the installation of an externally mounted antenna or several related external antennas, will result in a minor
reduction in cruise performance.
4
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 300 NAV/COM
(TYPE RT-328T)
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA
300
(720-Channel
N AV / C OM
- Type RT-328T)
SECTION 1
GENERAL
The Cessna 300 Nav/Com (Type RT-328T), shown in Figure 1, consists of a panel-mounted receiver-transmitter and a single- or dualpointer remote course deviation indicator (CDI). The set includes a 720channel VHF communication receiver-transmitter and a 200-channel VHF
navigation receiver, both of which may be operated simultaneously.
The communication receiver-transmitter receives and transmits signals between 118.000 and 135.975 MHz in 25-kHz steps. The navigation
receiver receives and interprets VHF omnidirectional and localizer signals between 108.00 and 117.95 MHz in 50-kHz steps. The communication
receiver-transmitter and the navigation receiver are synthesizer-controlled and are tuned automatically when the frequency is selected.
A DME receiver-transmitter or a glide slope receiver, or both, may
be interconnected with the Cessna 300 Nav/Com set for automatic selection of the associated DME or GS frequency. When a VOR frequency is
selected on the Nav/Com, the associated VORTAC or VOR-DME station
frequency will also be selected automatically; likewise, if a localizer frequency is selected, the associated glide slope frequency will be selected
automatically.
All controls of the Cessna 300 Nav/Com, except the omni bearing
selector knob (OBS), which is located on the course indicator, are mounted on the front panel of the receiver-transmitter. The course indicator
includes either a single pointer and related OFF flag for VOR/LOC indication only, or dual pointers and related OFF flags for both VOR/LOC
and glide slope indications. The course indicator also incorporates a
back-course lamp (BC) which lights when optional back-course operation
is selected. In addition, when two or more radios are installed, a transmitter selector switch and a speaker-phone selector switch are provided.
Each control function is described in Figure 1.
1 of 6
CESSNA 300 NAV/COM
(TYPE RT-328T)
1.
RECEIVER-TRANSMITTER FREQUENCY INDICATOR.
2.
NAVIGATION RECEIVER FREQUENCY INDICATOR.
3.
SQUELCH CONTROL - Used to adjust signal threshold necessary to activate
communication receiver audio.
Clockwise rotation increases background noise
(decreases squelch action); counterclockwise rotation decreases background noise.
4.
COMMUNICATION RECEIVER-TRANSMITTER MEGAHERTZ SELECTOR Selects communication receiver-transmitter frequency in 1-MHz steps between 118 and 135 MHz.
5.
OFF/ON VOLUME CONTROL - Turns set on and controls volume of audio
from communications receiver.
6.
COMMUNICATION RECEIVER-TRANSMITTER FRACTIONAL MEGAHERTZ SELECTOR - Selects communication receiver-transmitter fractional frequency in . 05-MHz steps between . 000 and . 950 MHz or between . 025 and . 975 MHz depending on position of 50-25 MHz selector
switch (7).
Figure 1.
2
PIIXDT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPUEMENT
Cessna 300 Nav/Com (Type RT-328T) (Sheet 1 of 2)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
7.
CESSNA 300 NAV/COM
(TYPE RT-328T)
50-25 FRACTIONAL MHz SELECTOR SWITCH - In "50" position, enables
communication whole MHz frequency readout to display and communication
fractional MHz control to select fractional part of frequency in . 05-MHz
steps between . 000 and . 950 MHz. In "25" position, frequency display and
coverage is in . 05-MHz steps between . 025 and . 975.
NOTE
The third-decimal-place digit is not shown on the receivertransmitter frequency readout.
8.
NAVIGATION RECEIVER MEGAHERTZ SELECTOR - Selects navigation receiver
frequency in 1-MHz steps between 108 and 117 MHz; simultaneously selects
paired glide slope frequency or DME channel.
9.
NAVIGATION RECEIVER VOLUME CONTROL - Controls volume of audio from
navigation receiver only.
Clockwise rotation increases audio level.
10.
NAVIGATION RECEIVER FRACTIONAL MEGAHERTZ SELECTOR - Selects
navigation receiver frequency in . 05-MHz steps between . 00 and . 95 MHz;
simultaneously paired glide slope frequency or DME channel.
11.
COMBINED IDENTIFIER SIGNAL SELECTOR AND VOR SELF-TEST SELECTOR
SWITCH (ID-T SWITCH) - With VOR or LOC station selected, in ED position, station identifier is audible; in center (unmarked) position, identifier is off; in T
(momentary on) position, tests VOR navigation circuits.
12.
COURSE DEVIATION POINTER - Indicates deviation from selected omni
bearing or localizer centerline.
13.
OFF/TO-FROM (OMNI) INDICATOR - Operates only with VOR or localizer
signal. "OFF" position (flag) indicates unreliable signal. When "OFF"
position disappears, indicator shows whether selected VOR course is "TO"
or "FROM" the station (if LOC frequency is selected, indicator will only
show "TO").
14.
RECIPROCAL COURSE INDEX - Indicates reciprocal of selected VOR course.
15.
OMNI BEARING SELECTOR (OBS) - Selects desired course to or from a
VOR station.
16.
BC - During LOC operation, when optional Back-Course operation is selected,
amber lamp illuminates to alert the pilot that CDI indication is reversed.
17.
BEARING DIAL - Rotated by OBS to select course at index.
18.
COURSE INDEX - Indicates selected VOR course.
19.
GLIDE SLOPE "OFF" FLAG - When visible, indicates unreliable glide slope
signal or no glide slope signal. The flag disappears when a reliable glide
slope signal is being received.
20.
GLIDE SLOPE DEVIATION POINTER - Indicates deviation from normal
glide slope.
Figure 1.
Cessna 300 Nav/Com (Type RT-328T) (Sheet 2 of 2)
3
CESSNA 300 NAV/COM
(TYPE RT-328T)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
There is no change to the airplane limitations when this avionic
equipment is installed. However, the pilot should be aware that on many
Cessna airplanes equipped with the windshield mounted glide slope antenna,
pilots should avoid use of 2700 ±100 RPM (or 1800 ±100 RPM with a three
bladed propeller) during ILS approaches to avoid oscillations of the glide
slope deviation pointer caused by propeller interference.
SECTION
EMERGENCY
3
PROCEDURES
There is no change to the airplane emergency procedures when this
avionic equipment is installed.
SECTION
NORMAL
4
PROCEDURES
COMMUNICATIONS TRANSCEIVER OPERATION:
(1) OFF/VOL Control — TURN ON and adjust to desired listening
level.
(2) XMTR SEL Switch — SET to desired transceiver.
(3) SPEAKER PHONE (or AUTO) Switch -- SET to desired mode.
(4) 50-25 Fractional MHz Selector Switch -- SELECT desired
frequency (does not affect navigation frequencies).
(5) COM Frequency Selector Knobs — SELECT desired operating
frequency.
(6) SQ Control — ROTATE counterclockwise to decrease background
noise as required.
(7) Mike Button:
a. To Transmit — DEPRESS and SPEAK into microphone.
b. To Receive — RELEASE.
NAVIGATION RECEIVER OPERATION:
(1) COM OFF/VOL Control - TURN ON.
(2) SPEAKER/PHONE (or AUTO) Switch -- SET to desired mode.
(3) NAV Frequency Selector Knobs — SELECT desired operating
frequency.
4
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 300 NAV/COM
(TYPE RT-328T)
(4)
(5)
NAV VOL Control -- ADJUST to desired audio level.
ID-T Switch:
a. To Identify Station — SET to ID to hear navigation
station identifier (Morse Code) signal.
b. To Filter Out Station Identifier Signal -- SET to CENTER
(unmarked) position to include filter in audio circuit.
(6) OBS Knob — SELECT desired course.
TO SELF TEST VOR NAVIGATION CIRCUITS:
.
(1) COM OFF/VOL Control -- TURN ON.
(2) NAV Frequency Selector Switches — SELECT usable VOR
station signal.
(3) OBS Knob — SET for 0° course at index; CDI pointer centers
or deflects left or right, depending on bearing of signal; OFF/TOFROM indicator shows TO or FROM.
(4) ID-T Switch -- PRESS to T and HOLD at T; CDI pointer should
center and OFF/TO-FROM indicator should show FROM.
(5) OBS Knob — TURN to displace course approximately 10° to
either side of 0° (while holding ID-T switch at T); CDI pointer
should deflect full scale in direction corresponding to course displacement.
OFF/TO-FROM indicator should still show FROM.
NOTE
This test does not fulfill the requirements of FAR 91. 25.
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
There is no change to the airplane performance when this avionic
equipment is installed. However, the installation of an externally mounted antenna or several related external antennas, will result in a minor
reduction in cruise performance.
5/(6 blank)
OPERATING HANDBOOK
CESSNA 300 ADF
(TYPE R-546E)
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA
(Type
300
ADF
R-546E)
SECTION 1
GENERAL
The Cessna 300 ADF is a panel-mounted, digitally tuned automatic
direction finder. It is designed to provide continuous 1 kHz digital tuning
in the frequency range of 200 kHz to 1, 699 kHz and eliminates the need for
mechanical band switching. The system is comprised of a receiver, loop
antenna, bearing indicator and a sense antenna. In addition, when two or
more radios are installed, speaker-phone selector switches are provided.
Each control function is described in Figure 1.
The Cessna 300 ADF can be used for position plotting and homing
procedures, and for aural reception of amplitude-modulated (AM) signals.
With the function selector knob at ADF, the Cessna 300 ADF provides
a visual indication, on the bearing indicator, of the bearing to the transmitting station relative to the nose of the airplane. This is done by combining signals from the sense antenna with signals from the loop antenna.
With the function selector knob at REC, the Cessna 300 ADF uses only
the sense antenna and operates as a conventional low-frequency receiver.
The Cessna 300 ADF is designed to receive transmission from the
following radio facilities: commercial broadcast stations, low-frequency
range stations, FAA radio beacons, and ILS compass locatorSc
1of6
CESSNA 300 ADF
(TYPE R-546E)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
OFF/VOL CONTROL - Controls primary power and audio output
level. Clockwise rotation from OFF position applies primary
power to receiver; further clockwise rotation increases audio level
FREQUENCY SELECTORS - Knob (A) selects 100-kHz increments of receiver frequency, knob (B) selects 10-kHz increments, and knob (C) selects 1-kHz increments.
Figure 1. Cessna 300 ADF Operating Controls and Indicators (Sheet 1 of 2)
2
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
3.
CESSNA 300 ADF
(TYPE R-546E)
FUNCTION SWITCH:
BFO: Selects operation as communication receiver using
only sense antenna and activates 1000-Hz tone beat
frequency oscillator to permit coded identifier of
stations transmitting keyed CW signals (Morse
Code) to be heard.
REC: Selects operation as standard communication re ceiver using only sense antenna.
ADF:
Set operates as automatic direction finder using loop
and sense antennas.
TEST:
Momentary-on position used during ADF operation
to test bearing reliability. When held in TEST
position, slews indicator pointer clockwise; when
released, if bearing is reliable, pointer returns
to original bearing position.
4.
INDEX (ROTATABLE CARD) - Indicates relative, magnetic, or
true heading of aircraft, as selected by HDG control.
5.
POINTER - Indicates station bearing in degrees of azimuth,
relative to the nose of the aircraft. When heading control is
adjusted, indicates relative, magnetic, or true bearing of
radio signal.
6.
HEADING CONTROL (HDG) - Rotates card to set in relative,
magnetic, or true bearing information.
l. Cessna 300 ADF Operating Controls and Indicators (Sheet 2 of 2)
3
CESSNA 300 ADF
(TYPE R-546E)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
There is no change to the airplane limitations when this avionic
equipment is installed.
SECTION
EMERGENCY
3
PROCEDURES
There is no change to the airplane emergency procedures when this
avionic equipment is installed.
SECTION
NORMAL
4
PROCEDURES
TO OPERATE AS A COMMUNICATIONS RECEIVER ONLY:
(1) OFF/VOL Control -- ON.
(2) Function Selector Knob -- REC.
(3) Frequency Selector Knobs — SELECT operating frequency.
(4) ADF SPEAKER/PHONE Switch -- SELECT speaker or phone
position as desired.
(5) VOL Control -- ADJUST to desired listening level.
TO OPERATE AS AN AUTOMATIC DIRECTION FINDER:
(1) OFF/VOL Control -- ON.
(2) Frequency Selector Knobs — SELECT operating frequency.
(3) ADF SPEAKER/PHONE Switch — SELECT speaker or phone
position.
(4) Function Selector Knob — ADF position and note relative bearing
on indicator.
(5) VOL Control — ADJUST to desired listening level.
TO TEST RELIABILITY OF AUTOMATIC DIRECTION FINDER:
(1) Function Selector Knob — ADF position and note relative bearing
on indicator.
(2) Function Selector Knob — TEST position and observe that pointer
moves away from relative bearing at least 10 to 20 degrees.
(3) Function Selector Knob — ADF position and observe that pointer
returns to same relative bearing as in step (1).
4
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 300 ADF
(TYPE R-546E)
TO OPERATE BFO:
(1) OFF/VOL Control -- ON.
(2) Function Selector Knob — BFO.
(3) Frequency Selector Knobs — SELECT operating frequency.
(4) ADF SPEAKER/PHONE Switch — SELECT speaker or phone
position.
(5) VOL Control — ADJUST to desired listening level.
NOTE
A 1000-Hz tone is heard in the audio output when a CW
signal (Morse Code) is tuned in properly.
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
There is no change to the airplane performance when this avionic
equipment is installed. However, the installation of an externally mounted antenna or several related external antennas, will result in a minor
reduction in cruise performance.
5/(6 blank)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 300 TRANSPONDER
AND ENCODING ALTIMETER
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 3 0 0 TRANSPONDER
(Type RT-359A)
AND
OPTIONAL ENCODING
(Type EA-401A)
SECTION 1
GENERAL
The Cessna 300 Transponder (Type RT-359A), shown in Figure 1, is
the airborne component of an Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System
(ATCRBS). The transponder enables the ATC ground controller to "see"
and identify the aircraft, while in flight, on the control center's radarscope more readily.
The Cessna 300 Transponder consists of a panel-mounted unit and an
externally-mounted antenna. The transponder receives interrogating pulse
signals on 1030 MHz and transmits coded pulse-train reply signals on 1090
MHz. It is capable of replying to Mode A (aircraft identification) and
Mode C (altitude reporting) interrogations on a selective reply basis on any
of 4,096 information code selections. When an optional panel-mounted
EA-401A Encoding Altimeter (not part of a standard 300 Transponder system) is included in the avionic configuration, the transponder can provide
altitude reporting in 100-foot increments between -1000 and +35, 000 feet.
All Cessna 300 Transponder operating controls, with the exception of
the optional altitude encoder's altimeter setting knob, are located on the
front panel of the unit. The altimeter setting knob is located on the encoding
altimeter. Functions of the operating controls are described in Figure 1.
1 of 6
CESSNA 300 TRANSPONDER
AND ENCODING ALTIMETER
1.
FUNCTION SWITCH - Controls application of power and
selects transponder operating mode, as follows:
OFF - Turns set off.
SBY - Turns set on for equipment warm-up.
ON - Turns set on and enables transponder to transmit
Mode A (aircraft identification) reply pulses.
ALT - Turns set on and enables transponder to transmit
either Mode A (aircraft identification) reply
pulses or Mode C (altitude reporting) pulses selected automatically by the interrogating signal.
2.
REPLY LAMP - Lamp flashes to indicate transmission of reply
pulses; glows steadily to indicate transmission of IDENT pulse
or satisfactory self-test operation.
(Reply Lamp will also glow
steadily during initial warm-up period. )
Figure 1.
2
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
Cessna 300 Transponder and Encoding Altimeter (Sheet 1 of 2)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 300 TRANSPONDER
AND ENCODING ALTIMETER
3.
IDENT (ID) SWITCH - When depressed, selects special pulse
identifier to be transmitted with transponder reply to
effect immediate identification of aircraft on ground controllers display. (Reply Lamp will glow steadily during
duration of IDENT pulse transmission.)
4.
DIMMER (DIM) CONTROL - Allows pilot to control brilliance of
reply lamp.
5.
SELF-TEST (TST) SWITCH — When depressed, causes transponder to generate a self-interrogating signal to provide a check
of transponder operation. (Reply Lamp will glow steadily to
verify self test operation.)
6.
REPLY-CODE SELECTOR KNOBS (4) - Select assigned
Mode A reply code.
7.
REPLY-CODE INDICATORS (4) - Display selected Mode A
reply code.
8.
1000-FOOT DRUM TYPE INDICATOR - Provides digital altitude readout in 1000-foot increments between -1000 feet and
+35, 000 feet. When altitude is below 10, 000 feet, a diagonally
striped flag appears in the 10, 000 foot window.
9.
OFF INDICATOR WARNING FLAG - Flag appears across altitude readout when power is removed from the altimeter to indicate that readout is not reliable.
10.
100-FOOT DRUM TYPE INDICATOR - Provides digital altitude readout in 100-foot increments between 0 feet and 1000 feet.
11.
20-FOOT INDICATOR NEEDLE - Indicates altitude in 20-foot
increments between 0 feet and 1000 feet.
12.
ALTIMETER SETTING SCALE - DRUM TYPE - Indicates selected altimeter setting in the range of 27. 9 to 3 1. 0 inches of
mercury on the standard altimeter or 950 to 1050 millibars
on the optional altimeter.
13.
ALTIMETER SETTING KNOB - Dials in desired altimeter
setting in the range of 27. 9 to 31.0 inches of mercury on the
standard altimeter or 950 to 1050 millibars on the optional
altimeter.
Figure 1.
Cessna 300 Transponder and Encoding Altimeter (Sheet 2 of 2)
3
CESSNA 300 TRANSPONDER
AND ENCODING A L T I M E T E R
PI LOT ' S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SU PP LEM EN T
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
There is no change to the airplane limitations when this avionic equipment is installed.
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
TO TRANSMIT AN EMERGENCY SIGNAL:
(1) Function Switch — ON.
(2) Reply-Code Selector Knobs — SELECT 7700 operating code.
(3) ID Switch — DEPRESS then RELEASE to effect immediate identification of aircraft on ground controller's display.
TO TRANSMIT A SIGNAL REPRESENTING LOSS OF ALL
COMMUNICATIONS (WHEN IN A CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT:
(1) Function Switch — ON.
(2) Reply-Code Selector Knobs — SELECT 7700 operating code
for 1 minute; then SELECT 7600 operating code for 15 minutes and
then REPEAT this procedure at same intervals for remainder of
flight.
(3) ID Switch — DEPRESS then RELEASE at intervals to effect
immediate identification of aircraft on ground controller's display.
SECTION 4
NORMAL
PROCEDURES
BEFORE TAKEOFF:
(1)
Function Switch — SBY.
TO TRANSMIT MODE A (AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION) CODES IN
FLIGHT:
(1) Off Indicator Warning Flag — VERIFY that flag is out of view on
encoding altimeter.
4
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
AND
CESSNA 300 TRANSPONDER
ENCODING ALTIMETER
(2) Reply-Code Selector Knobs — SELECT assigned code.
(3) Function Switch — ON.
(4) DIM Control -- ADJUST light brilliance of reply lamp.
NOTE
During normal operation with function switch in ON position, reply lamp flashes indicating transponder replies
to interrogations.
(5) ID Button — DEPRESS momentarily when instructed by ground
controller to "squawk IDENT" (reply lamp will glow steadily, indicating IDENT operation).
TO TRANSMIT MODE C (ALTITUDE REPORTING) CODES IN FLIGHT:
(1) Off Indicator Warning Flag ~ VERIFY that flag is out of view on
encoding altimeter.
(2) Altitude Encoder Altimeter Setting Knob - SET IN assigned
local altimeter setting.
(3) Reply-Code Selector Knobs — SELECT assigned code.
(4) Function Switch — ALT.
NOTE
When directed by ground controller to "stop altitude
squawk", turn Function Switch to ON for Mode A
operation only.
NOTE
Pressure altitude is transmitted by the transponder
for altitude squawk and conversion to indicated altitude is done in ATC computers. Altitude squawked
will only agree with indicated altitude when the local
altimeter setting in use by the ground controller is
set in the encoding altimeter.
(5)
DIM Control - ADJUST light brilliance of reply lamp.
TO SELF-TEST TRANSPONDER OPERATION:
CO Function Switch — SBY and wait 30 seconds for equipment to
warm-up.
(2) Function Switch - ON or ALT.
5
CESSNA 300 TRANSPONDER
AND ENCODING ALTIMETER
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
(3) TST Button -- DEPRESS and HOLD (reply lamp should light with
full brilliance regardless of DIM control setting).
(4) TST Button — Release for normal operation.
SECTION
5
PERFORMANCE
There is no change to the airplane performance when this avionic
equipment is installed. However, the installation of an externally mounted antenna or several related external antennas, will result in a minor
reduction in cruise performance.
6
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
AND
ALTITUDE
CESSNA 300 TRANSPONDER
ENCODER
(BLIND)
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 300 TRANSPONDER
(Type RT-359A)
AND
OPTIONAL ALTITUDE ENCODER (BLIND)
SECTION 1
GENERAL
The Cessna 300 Transponder (Type RT-359A), shown in Figure 1, is
the airborne component of an Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System
(ATCRBS). The transponder enables the ATC ground controller to "see"
and identify the aircraft, while in flight, on the control center's radar scope
more readily.
The Cessna 300 Transponder system consists of a panel-mounted unit
and an externally-mounted antenna. The transponder receives interrogation pulse signals on 1030 MHz and transmits pulse-train reply signals on
1090 MHz. The transponder is capable of replying to Mode A (aircraft
identification) and also Mode C (altitude reporting) when coupled to an optional altitude encoder system. The transponder is capable of replying on
both modes of interrogation on a selective reply basis on any of 4, 096 information code selections. The optional altitude encoder system (not part
of a standard 300 Transponder system) required for Mode C (altitude reporting) operation consists of a completely independent remote-mounted
digitizer that is connected to the static system and supplies encoded altitude information to the transponder. When the altitude encoder system
is coupled to the 300 Transponder system, altitude reporting capabilities
are available in 100-foot increments between -1000 and +20, 000 feet.
All Cessna 300 Transponder operating controls are located on the front
panel of the unit. Functions of the operating controls are described in
figure 1.
1 of 6
CESSNA 300 TRANSPONDER
AND ALTITUDE ENCODER (BLIND)
1.
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
FUNCTION SWITCH - Controls application of power and selects
transponder operating mode as follows:
OFF - Turns set off.
SBY - Turns set on for equipment warm-up or standby power
ON - Turns set on and enables transponder to transmit
Mode A (aircraft identification) reply pulses.
ALT - Turns set on and enables transponder to transmit
either Mode A (aircraft identification) reply pulses
or Mode C (altitude reporting) pulses selected automatically by the interrogating signal.
2.
REPLY LAMP - Lamp flashes to indicate transmission of reply
pulses; glows steadily to indicate transmission of IDENT pulse
or satisfactory self-test operation. (Reply lamp will also glow
steadily during initial warm-up period.)
Figure 1.
2
Cessna 300 Transponder and Altitude Encoder (Blind)
(Sheet 1 of 2)
PILOT'S HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 300 TRANSPONDER
AND ALTITUDE ENCODER (BLIND)
3.
IDENT (ID) SWITCH - When depressed, selects special pulse
identifier to be transmitted with transponder reply to effect
immediate identification of aircraft on ground controllers display. (Reply lamp will glow steadily during duration of IDENT
pulse transmission.)
4.
DIMMER (DIM) CONTROL - Allows pilot to control brilliance of
reply lamp.
5.
SELF-TEST (TST) SWITCH - When depressed, causes transponder to generate a self-interrogating signal to provide a check
of transponder operation. (Reply lamp will glow steadily to
verify self-test operation.)
6.
REPLY-CODE SELECTOR KNOBS (4) - Select assigned Mode A
reply code.
7.
REPLY-CODE INDICATORS (4) - Display selected Mode A
reply code.
8.
REMOTE-MOUNTED DIGITIZER - Provides an altitude reporting
code range of -1000 feet up to the airplane's maximum service
ceiling.
Figure 1.
Cessna 300 Transponder and Altitude Encoder (Blind)
(Sheet 2 of 2)
3
CESSNA 300 TRANSPONDER
AND ALTITUDE ENCODER (BLIND)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
SECTION
2
LIMITATIONS
There is no change to the airplane limitations when this avionic equipment is installed. However, a placard labeled "ALTITUDE ENCODER
EQUIPPED" must be installed near the altimeter.
SECTION
EMERGENCY
3
PROCEDURES
TO TRANSMIT AN EMERGENCY SIGNAL:
(1) Function Switch — ON.
(2) Reply-Code Selector Knobs — SELECT 7700 operating code.
(3) ID Switch - DEPRESS then RELEASE to effect immediate identification of aircraft on ground controllers display.
TO TRANSMIT A SIGNAL REPRESENTING LOSS OF ALL
COMMUNICATIONS (WHEN IN A CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT):
(1) Function Switch — ON.
(2) Reply-Code Selector Knobs - SELECT 7700 operating code for
1 minute; then SELECT 7600 operating code for 15 minutes and then
REPEAT this procedure at same intervals for remainder of flight.
(3) ID Switch - DEPRESS then RELEASE at intervals to effect
immediate identification of aircraft on ground controller's display.
SECTION
NORMAL
4
PROCEDURES
BEFORE TAKEOFF:
(1)
Function Switch — SBY.
TO TRANSMIT MODE A (AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION) CODES IN FLIGHT
(1)
4
Reply-Code Selector Knobs — SELECT assigned code.
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 300 TRANSPONDER
AND ALTITUDE ENCODER (BLIND)
(2) Function Switch — ON.
(3) DIM Control — -ADJUST light brilliance of reply lamp.
NOTE
During normal operation with function switch in ON position, reply lamp flashes indicating transponder replies
to interrogations.
(4) ID Button — DEPRESS momentarily when instructed by ground
controller to "squawk IDENT" (reply lamp will glow steadily, indicating IDENT operation).
TO TRANSMIT MODE C (ALTITUDE REPORTING) CODES IN FLIGHT:
(1)
(2)
Reply-Code Selector Knobs — SELECT assigned code.
Function Switch -- ALT.
NOTE
When directed by ground controller to "stop altitude
squawk", turn Function Switch to ON for Mode A
operation only.
NOTE
Pressure altitude is transmitted by the transponder
for altitude squawk and conversion to indicated altitude is done in ATC computers. Altitude squawked
will only agree with indicated altitude when the local
altimeter setting in use by the ground controller is
set in the aircraft altimeter.
(3)
DIM Control — ADJUST light brilliance of reply lamp.
TO SELF-TEST TRANSPONDER OPERATION:
(1) Function Switch — SBY and wait 30 seconds for equipment to
warm-up.
(2) Function Switch — ON or ALT.
(3) TST Button ~ DEPRESS (reply lamp should light brightly
regardless of DIM control setting).
(4) TST Button — Release for normal operation.
5
CESSNA 300 TRANSPONDER
PILOT'S
AND ALTITUDE ENCODER (BLIND)
SECTION
OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
5
PERFORMANCE
There is no change to the airplane performance when this avionic
equipment is installed. However, the installation of an externally mounted
antenna or several related external antennas, will result in a minor reduction in cruise performance.
6
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 400 TRANSPONDER
AND ENCODING ALTIMETER
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA
400
(Type
TRANSPONDER
RT-459A)
AND
OPTIONAL ENCODING ALTIMETER
(Type
EA-401A)
SECTION 1
GENERAL
The Cessna 400 Transponder (Type 459A), shown in Figure 1, is the
airborne component of an Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System
(ATCRBS). The transponder enables the ATC ground controller to "see"
and identify the aircraft, while in flight, on the control center's radar
scope more readily.
The 400 Transponder consists of a panel-mounted unit and an externally-mounted antenna.
The transponder receives interrogating pulse
signals on 1030 MHz and transmits coded pulse-train reply signals on
1090 MHz. It is capable of replying to Mode A (aircraft identification)
and Mode C (altitude reporting) interrogations on a selective reply basis
on any of 4,096 information code selections. When an optional panel
mounted EA-401A Encoding Altimeter (not part of 400 Transponder System)
is included in the avionic configuration, the transponder can provide altitude reporting in 100-foot increments between -1000 and +35,000 feet.
All Cessna 400 Transponder operating controls, with the exception of
the optional altitude encoder's altimeter setting knob, are located on the
front panel of the unit. The altimeter setting knob is located on the encoding altimeter. Functions of the operating controls are described in
figure 1.
1 of 6
CESSNA 400 TRANSPONDER
AND ENCODING ALTIMETER
Figure 1.
2
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
Cessna 400 Transponder and Encoding Altimeter
Operating Controls (Sheet 1 of 2)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 400 TRANSPONDER
AND ENCODING ALTIMETER
1.
FUNCTION SWITCH - Controls application of power and selects transponder
operating mode as follows:
OFF - Turns set off.
SBY - Turns set on for equipment warm-up or standby power.
ON - Turns set on and enables transponder to transmit Mode A (aircraft
identification) reply pulses.
ALT - Turns set on and enables transponder to transmit either Mode A
(aircraft identification) reply pulses or Mode C (altitude reporting)
pulses selected automatically by the interrogating signal.
2.
REPLY LAMP - Lamp flashes to indicate transmission of reply pulses; glows
steadily to indicate transmission of IDENT pulse or satisfactory self-test
operation. (Reply Lamp will also glow steadily during initial warm-up period.)
3.
IDENT (ID) SWITCH - When depressed, selects special pulse identifier to be
transmitted with transponder reply to effect immediate identification of aircraft on ground controller's display. (Reply Lamp will glow steadily during
duration of IDENT pulse transmission.)
4.
DIMMER (DIM) CONTROL - Allows pilot to control brilliance of Reply Lamp.
5.
SELF-TEST (TST) SWITCH - When depressed, causes transponder to generate a self-interrogating signal to provide a check of transponder operation.
(Reply Lamp will glow steadily to verify self test operation.)
6.
REPLY-CODE SELECTOR SWITCHES (4) - Select assigned Mode A Reply
Code.
7. REPL Y-CODE INDICATORS (4) - Display selected Mode A Reply Code.
8.
1000-FOOT DRUM TYPE INDICATOR - Provides digital altitude readout
in 1000-foot increments between -1000 feet and +35,000 feet. When altitude is below 10,000 feet, a diagonally striped flag appears in the
10, 000-foot window.
9.
OFF INDICATOR WARNING FLAG - Flag appears across altitude readout
when power is removed from altimeter to indicate that readout is not reliable.
10.
100-FOOT DRUM TYPE INDICATOR - Provides digital altitude readout in
100-foot increments between 0 feet and 1000 feet.
11.
20-FOOT INDICATOR NEEDLE - Indicates altitude in 20-foot increments
between 0 feet and 1000 feet.
12.
ALTIMETER SETTING SCALE - DRUM TYPE - Indicates selected altimeter setting in the range of 28. 1 to 30. 99 inches of mercury on the standard altimeter or 946 to 1049 millibars on the optional altimeter.
13.
ALTIMETER SETTING KNOB - Dials in desired altimeter setting in the
range of 28. 1 to 30. 99 inches of mercury on standard altimeter or 946 to
1049 millibars on the optional altimeter.
Figure 1.
Cessna 400 Transponder and Encoding Altimeter
Operating Controls (Sheet 2 of 2)
3
CESSNA 400 TRANSPONDER
AND ENCODING ALTIMETER
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
SECTION
2
LIMITATIONS
There is no change to the airplane limitations when this avionic
equipment is installed.
SECTION
EMERGENCY
3
PROCEDURES
TO TRANSMIT AN EMERGENCY SIGNAL:
(1) Function Switch — ON.
(2) Reply-Code Selector Switches — SELECT 7700 operating code.
(3) ID Switch -- DEPRESS then RELEASE to effect immediate identification of aircraft on ground controller's display.
TO TRANSMIT A SIGNAL REPRESENTING LOSS OF ALL
COMMUNICATIONS (WHEN IN A CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT):
(1) Function Switch — ON.
(2) Reply-Code Selector Switches — SELECT 7700 operating code
for 1 minute; then SELECT 7600 operating code for 15 minutes and
then REPEAT this procedure at same intervals for remainder of
flight.
(3) ID Switch - DEPRESS then RELEASE at intervals to effect
immediate identification of aircraft on ground controller's display.
SECTION 4
NORMAL
PROCEDURES
BEFORE TAKEOFF:
(1)
Function Switch - SBY.
TO TRANSMIT MODE A (AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION) CODES IN
FLIGHT:
(1) Off Indicator Warning Flag — VERIFY that flag is out of view on
encoding altimeter.
4
CESSNA 400 TRANSPONDER
AND ENCODING ALTIMETER
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
(2)
(3)
(4)
Reply-Code Selector Switches — SELECT assigned code.
Function Switch — ON.
DIM Control -- ADJUST light brilliance of reply lamp.
NOTE
During normal operation with function switch in ON position, REPLY lamp flashes indicating transponder replies
to interrogations.
(5) ID Button — DEPRESS momentarily when instructed by ground
controller to "squawk IDENT" (REPLY lamp will glow steadily, indicating IDENT operation).
TO TRANSMIT MODE C (ALTITUDE REPORTING) CODES IN FLIGHT:
(1) Off Indicator Warning Flag -- VERIFY that flag is out of view on
encoding altimeter.
(2) Altitude Encoder Altimeter Setting Knob - SET IN assigned
local altimeter setting.
(3) Reply-Code Selector Switches -- SELECT assigned code.
(4) Function Switch -- ALT.
NOTE
When directed by ground controller to "stop altitude
squawk", turn Function Switch to ON for Mode A
operation only.
NOTE
Pressure altitude is transmitted by the transponder
for altitude squawk and conversion to indicated altitude is done in ATC computers. Altitude squawked
will only agree with indicated altitude when the local
altimeter setting in use by the ground controller is
set in the encoding altimeter.
(5)
DIM Control -- ADJUST light brilliance of reply lamp.
SELF-TEST TRANSPONDER OPERATION:
(1) Function Switch — SBY and wait 30 seconds for equipment to
warm-up.
5
CESSNA 400 TRANSPONDER
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
AND ENCODING ALTIMETER
(2)
(3)
with
(4)
SUPPLEMENT
Function Switch -- ON or ALT.
TST Button - DEPRESS and HOLD (Reply lamp should light
full brilliance regardless of DIM control setting).
TST Button — Release for normal operation.
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
There is no change to the airplane performance when this avionic
equipment is installed. However, the installation of an externally mounted antenna or several related external antennas, will result in a minor
reduction in cruise performance.
6
OPERATING HANDBOOK
CESSNA 400 TRANSPONDER
AND ALTITUDE ENCODER (BLIND)
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 4 0 0 TRANSPONDER
(Type RT-459A)
AN D
OPTIONAL ALTITUDE ENCODER (BLIND)
SECTION 1
GENERAL
The Cessna 400 Transponder (Type RT-459A), shown in Figure 1, is
che airborne component of an Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System
(ATCRBS). The transponder enables the ATC ground controller to "see"
and identify the aircraft, while in flight, on the control center's radarscope more readily.
The Cessna 400 Transponder system consists of a panel-mounted unit
and an externally-mounted antenna. The transponder receives interrogating pulse signals on 1030 MHz and transmits pulse-train reply signals
on 1090 MHz. The transponder is capable of replying to Mode A (aircraft identification) and also to Mode C (altitude reporting) when coupled
to an optional altitude encoder system. The transponder is capable of replying on both modes of interrogation on a selective reply basis on any of
4,096 information code selections. The optional altitude encoder system
(not part of a standard 400 Transponder system) required for Mode C
(altitude reporting) operation, consists of a completely independent remotemounted digitizer that is connected to the static system and supplies encoded
altitude information to the transponder. When the altitude encoder system
is coupled to the 400 Transponder system, altitude reporting capabilities
are available in 100-foot increments between -1000 feet and the airplane's
Maximum service ceiling.
All Cessna 400 Transponder operating controls are located on the
front panel of the unit. Functions of the operating controls are described
in Figure 1.
1 of 6
CESSNA 400 TRANSPONDER
AND ALTITUDE ENCODER (BLIND)
1.
2.
FUNCTION SWITCH - Controls application of power and selects
transponder operating mode as follows:
OFF - Turns set off.
SBY - Turns set on for equipment warm-up or standby power.
ON - Turns set on and enables transponder to transmit
Mode A (aircraft identification) reply pulses.
ALT - Turns set on and enables transponder to transmit
either Mode A (aircraft identification) reply pulses
or Mode C (altitude reporting) pulses selected automatically by the interrogating signal.
REPLY LAMP - Lamp flashes to indicate transmission of reply
pulses; glows steadily to indicate transmission of IDENT pulse
or satisfactory self-test operation. (Reply lamp will also glow
steadily during initial warm-up period.)
Figure 1.
2
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
Cessna 400 Transponder and Altitude Encoder (Blind)
(Sheet 1 of 2)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 400 TRANSPONDER
AND ALTITUDE ENCODER (BLIND)
3. IDENT (ID) SWITCH - When depressed, selects special pulse identifier to be transmitted with transponder reply to effect immediate
identification of aircraft on ground controller's display. (Reply
lamp will glow steadily during duration of IDENT pulse transmission. )
4.
DIMMER (DIM) CONTROL - Allows pilot to control brilliance of
reply lamp.
5.
SELF-TEST (TST) SWITCH - When depressed, causes transponder
to generate a self-interrogating signal to provide a check of transponder operation. (Reply lamp will glow steadily to verify selftest operation.)
6.
REPLY-CODE SELECTOR SWITCHES (4) - Select assigned
Mode A reply code.
7.
REPLY-CODE INDICATORS (4) - Display selected Mode A
reply code.
8.
REMOTE-MOUNTED DIGITIZER - Provides an altitude reporting
code range of -1000 feet up to the airplane's maximum service
ceiling.
Figure 1.
Cessna 400 Transponder and Altitude Encoder (Blind)
(Sheet2 of 2)
3
CESSNA 400 TRANSPONDER
AND ALTITUDE ENCODER (BLIND)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
There is no change to the airplane limitations when this avionic equipment is installed. However, a placard labeled "ALTITUDE ENCODER
EQUIPPED" must be installed near the altimeter.
SECTION
EMERGENCY
3
PROCEDURES
TO TRANSMIT AN EMERGENCY SIGNAL:
(1) Function Switch — ON.
(2) Reply-Code Selector Switches — SELECT 7700 operating code.
(3) ID Switch — DEPRESS then RELEASE to effect immediate identification of aircraft on ground controller's display.
TO TRANSMIT A SIGNAL REPRESENTING LOSS OF ALL
COMMUNICATIONS (WHEN IN A CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT):
(1) Function Switch — ON.
(2) Reply-Code Selector Switches — SELECT 7700 operating code
for 1 minute; then SELECT 7600 operating code for 15 minutes and
then REPEAT this procedure at same intervals for remainder of
flight.
(3) ID Switch — DEPRESS then RELEASE at intervals to effect
immediate identification of aircraft on ground controller's display.
SECTION
NORMAL
4
PROCEDURES
BEFORE TAKEOFF:
(1) Function Switch — SBY.
TO TRANSMIT MODE A (AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION) CODES IN FLIGHT:
(1)
4
Reply-Code Selector Switches -- SELECT assigned code.
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 400 TRANSPONDER
AND ALTITUDE ENCODER (BLIND)
(2) Function Switch — ON.
(3) DIM Control — ADJUST light brilliance of reply lamp.
NOTE
During normal operation with function switch in ON position, reply lamp flashes indicating transponder replies
to interrogationso
(4) ID Button — DEPRESS momentarily when instructed by ground
controller to "squawk IDENT" (reply lamp will glow steadily, indicating IDENT operation).
TO TRANSMIT MODE C (ALTITUDE REPORTING) CODES IN FLIGHT:
(1)
(2)
Reply-Code Selector Switches — SELECT assigned code.
Function Switch -- ALT.
NOTE
When directed by ground controller to "stop altitude
squawk", turn Function Switch to ON for Mode A
operation only.
NOTE
Pressure altitude is transmitted by the transponder
for altitude squawk and conversion to indicated altitude is done in ATC computers. Altitude squawked
will only agree with indicated altitude when the local
altimeter setting in use by the ground controller is
set in the aircraft altimeter.
(3)
DIM Control - ADJUST light brilliance of reply lamp.
TO SELF-TEST TRANSPONDER OPERATION:
(1) Function Switch — SBY and wait 30 seconds for equipment to
warm-up.
(2) Function Switch — ON.
(3) TST Button - DEPRESS (reply lamp should light brightly
regardless of DIM control setting).
(4) TST Button -- RELEASE for normal operation.
5
CESSNA 400 TRANSPONDER
AND ALTITUDE ENCODER (BLIND)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
SECTION
5
PERFORMANCE
There is no change to the airplane performance when this avionic
equipment is installed. However, the installation of an externally mounted antenna or several related external antennas, will result in a minor
reduction in cruise performance.
6
CESSNA 400 MARKER BEACON
(TYPE R-402A)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA
4 0 0 MARKER
(Type
BEACON
R-402A)
SECTION 1
GENERAL
The system consists of a 75 MHz marker beacon receiver, three indicator lights, one speaker/phone switch, a light dimming control, an
ON/OFF/VOLUME control, and a 75 MHz marker beacon antenna. In
addition, on 150, 182, 206, 207, 210 and 337 series models, a HI-LO
sensitivity selector switch and a press-to-test button are provided. On all
172, 177, 177RG, 180 and 185 series models, a single, three position
switch is provided for HI-LO sensitivity selection or test selection.
This system provides visual and aural indications of 75 MHz ILS
marker beacon signals as the marker is passed. The following table lists
the three most currently used marker facilities and their characteristics.
M AR K ER
MARKER
F AC I L I TI E S
LIGHT*
IDENTIFYING TONE
Inner
Continuous 6 dots/sec (3000 Hz)
White
Middle
Alternate dots and dashes (1300 Hz)
Amber
Outer
2 dashes/sec (400 Hz)
Blue
* When the identifying tone is keyed, the respective indicating
light will blink accordingly.
Operating controls and indicator lights are shown and described
in Figure 1.
1 of 4
CESSNA 400 MARKER BEACON
(TYPE R-402A)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
TYPICAL INSTALLATION
ON ALL 150 MODEL SERIES
PKQNÏ
TYPICAL INSTALLATION
ON ALL 172, 177, 177RG,
180 & 185 MODEL SERIES
TYPICAL INSTALLATION
ON ALL 182, 206, 207
& 210 MODEL SERIES
TYPICAL INSTALLATION
ON ALL 337 MODEL SERIES
Figure 1.
2
Cessna 400 Marker Beacon Operating Controls
and Indicator Lights (Sheet 1 of 2)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 400 MARKER BEACON
(TYPE R-402A)
1.
OFF/VOLUME CONTROL - The small, inner control turns
the set on or off and adjusts the audio listening leveL Clockwise rotation turns the set on and increases the audio level.
2.
DIM/BRT CONTROL - The large, outer control provides
light dimming for the marker lights.
Clockwise rotation
increases light intensity.
3.
TEST SWITCH - (150, 182, 206, 207, 210 & 337 Model
Series Only) When the press-to-test switch button is depressed, the marker beacon lights will illuminate, indicating the lights are operational (the test position is a lamp
test function only).
NOTE
Turn the set on, and rotate the DIM control clockwise (fully on) in order to view the marker beacon
lights during test.
4.
LO/HI SENS SWITCH - (150, 182, 206, 207, 210 & 337
Model Series Only) In the LO position (Up), receiver sensitivity is positioned for ILS approaches. In the HI position
(Down), receiver sensitivity is positioned for airway flying.
5.
SPEAKER/PHONE SWITCH - Selects speaker or phone for
aural reception.
6.
MARKER BEACON INDICATOR LIGHTS - Indicates passage
of outer, middle and inner marker beacons. The OUTER
light is blue, the MIDDLE light is amber and the INNER light
is white.
7.
HI/LO/TEST SWITCH - (172, 177, 177RG, 180 & 185 Model
Series Only) In the HE position (Up), receiver sensitivity is
positioned for airway flying. In the LO position (Center), receiver sensitivity is positioned for ILS approaches.
In the
TEST position (Down), the marker lights will illuminate, indicating the lights are operational (the test position is a lamp
test function only).
NOTE
Turn the set on, and rotate the BRIGHT control
clockwise (fully on) in order to view the marker
beacon lights during test. The TEST position on
the switch is spring loaded to return the switch to
the LO SENS position when TEST position is released.
Figure 1.
Cessna 400 Marker Beacon Operating Controls
and Indicator Lights (Sheet 2 of 2)
3
CESSNA 400 MARKER BEACON
(TYPE R-402A)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
SECTION
2
LIMITATIONS
There is no change to the airplane limitations when this avionic equipment is installed.
SECTION
EMERGENCY
3
PROCEDURES
There is no change to the airplane emergency procedures when this
avionic equipment is installed.
SECTION
NORMAL
4
PROCEDURES
TO OPERATE:
(1) OFF/VOL Control — VOL position and adjust to desired listening
level.
(2) LO/HI SENS Switch — SELECT HI position for airway flying or
LO position for ILS approaches.
(3) SPKR/PHONE Switch — SELECT speaker or phone audio.
(4) TEST Switch — PRESS and ensure that marker beacon indicator
lights are operative.
NOTE
Ensure that BRT control is on enough to view the marker
beacon during this test.
SECTION
5
PERFORMANCE
There is no change to the airplane performance when this avionic
equipment is installed. However, the installation of an externally mounted antenna or several related external antennas, will result in a minor
reduction in cruise performance.
4
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
CESSNA 400 GLIDE SLOPE
SUPPLEMENT
(TYPE R-443B)
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 4 0 0 GLIDE SLOPE
(Type R-443B)
SECTION 1
GENERAL
The Cessna 400 Glide Slope is an airborne navigation receiver which
receives and interprets glide slope signals from a ground-based Instrument Landing System (ILS). It is used with the localizer function of a VHF
navigation system when making instrument approaches to an airport. The
glide slope provides vertical path guidance while the localizer provides
horizontal track guidance.
The Cessna 400 Glide Slope system consists of a remote-mounted
receiver coupled to an existing navigation system, a panel-mounted indicator and an externally-mounted antenna. The glide slope receiver is
designed to receive ILS glide slope signals on any of 40 channels. The
channels are spaced 150 kHz apart and cover a frequency range of 329. 15
MHz through 335. 0 MHz. When a localizer frequency is selected on the
NAV receiver, the associated glide slope frequency is selected automatically.
Operation of the Cessna 400 Glide Slope system is controlled by the
associated navigation system. The functions and indications of a typical
300 series glide slope indicator are pictured and described in Figure 1.
For functions and indications of the optional 400 series indicator or HSI
indicator, refer to the 400 NAV/COM (Type RT-428A) or HSI (Type
IG-832A) write-ups if they are listed in this section as options.
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
There is no change to the airplane limitations when this avionic equipment is installed. However, the pilot should be aware that on many Cessna
airplanes equipped with the windshield-mounted glide slope antenna, pilots
Should avoid use of 2700±100 RPM with a two-bladed propeller (or 1800±100
RPM with a three-bladed propeller) during ILS approaches to avoid oscillations of the glide slope deviation pointer caused by propeller interference.
1 of 4
CESSNA 400 GLIDE SLOPE
(TYPE R-443B)
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
1.
GLIDE SLOPE DEVIATION POINTER - Indicates deviation from normal glide slope.
2.
GLIDE SLOPE "OFF" FLAG - When visible, indicates
unreliable glide slope signal or improperly operating
equipment.
The flag disappears when a reliable glide
slope signal is being received.
caution
Spurious glide slope signals may exist in the
area of the localizer back course approach
which can cause the glide slope "OFF" flag
to disappear and present unreliable glide slope
information.
Disregard all glide slope signal
indications when making a localizer back
course approach unless a glide slope (ILS BC)
is specified on the approach and landing chart.
Figure 1.
2
Typical 300 Series VOR/LOC/ILS Indicator
PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
SUPPLEMENT
CESSNA 400 GLIDE SLOPE
(TYPE R-443B)
SECTION
EMERGENCY
3
PROCEDURES
There is no change to the airplane emergency procedures when this
avionic equipment is installed.
SECTION 4
NORMAL
PROCEDURES
TO RECEIVE GLIDE SLOPE SIGNALS:
(1) NAV Frequency Select Knobs — SELECT desired
frequency (glide slope frequency is automatically
(2) NAV/COM ID-T Switch -- SELECT ID position to
filter from audio circuit.
(3) NAV VOL Control -- ADJUST to desired listening
confirm proper localizer station.
localizer
selected).
disconnect
level to
When glide slope "OFF" flag is visible, glide slope indications are unusable.
SECTION
5
PERFORMANCE
There is no change to the airplane performance when this avionic
equipment is installed.
3/(4 blank)
"TAKE YOUR CESSNA HOME
FOR SERVICE AT THE SIGN
OF THE CESSNA SHIELD"
CESSNA AIRCRAFT COMPANY
WICHITA, KANSAS
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