ENG - Yamaha Majesty Fan Site

ENG - Yamaha Majesty Fan Site
EB000000
YP250
SERVICE MANUAL
1996 by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
1st Edition, January 1996
All rights reserved. Any reprinting or
unauthorized use without the written
permission of Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
is expressly prohibited.
EB001000
NOTICE
This manual was produced by the Yamaha Motor Company primarily for use by Yamaha dealers and
their qualified mechanics. It is not possible to include all the knowledge of a mechanic in one manual,
so it is assumed that anyone who uses this book to perform maintenance and repairs on Yamaha
scooter has a basic understanding of the mechanical ideas and the procedures of scooter repair. Repairs attempted by anyone without this knowledge are likely to render the scooter unsafe and unfit for
use.
Yamaha Motor Company, Ltd. is continually striving to improve all its models. Modifications and significant changes in specifications or procedures will be forwarded to all authorized Yamaha dealers and
will appear in future editions of this manual where applicable.
NOTE:
Designs and specifications are subject to change without notice.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations.
The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR
SAFETY IS INVOLVED!
Failure to follow WARNING instructions could result in severe injury or death to
the scooter operator, a bystander or a person inspecting or repairing the scooter.
CAUTION:
NOTE:
A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage
to the scooter.
A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
YP002000
HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL
MANUAL ORGANIZATION
This manual consists of chapters for the main categories of subjects. (See “Illustrated symbols”)
1st title 1 :
This is the title of the chapter with its symbol on the upper right corner of each page.
2nd title 2 :
This title indicates the section of the chapter and only appears on the first page of each
section. It is located in the upper left corner of the page.
3rd title 3 :
This title indicates a sub-section that is followed by step-by-step procedures accompanied by corresponding illustrations.
EXPLODED DIAGRAMS
To heps identify parts and clarify procedure steps, there are exploded diagrams at start of each removal and disassembly section.
1. An easy-to-see exploded diagram 4 is provided for disassembly and assembly jobs.
2. Numbers 5 are given in the order of jobs in the exploded diagram. A number that is enclosed by a
circle indicates a disassembly step.
3. An explanation of jobs and notes is presented in an easy-to-read way by the use of symbol marks
6 . The meanings of the symbol marks are given on the next page.
4. A job instruction chart 7 accompanies the exploded diagram, providing the order of jobs, names
of parts, notes in jobs, etc.
5. For jobs requiring more information, the step-by-step format supplements 8 are given in addition
to the exploded diagram and the job instruction chart.
2
1
4
5
8
6
6
7
3
EB003000
1
2
3
Illustrated symbols 1 to 9 are designed as
thumb tabs to indicate the chapter’s number
and content.
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
ILLUSTRATED SYMBOLS
16
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
General information
Specifications
Periodic inspection and adjustment
Engine
Cooling system
Carburetion
Chassis
Electrical
Troubleshooting
Illustrated symbols 10 to 17 are used to identify
the specifications appearing in the text.
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Possible to maintain with engine mounted
Filling fluid
Lubricant
Special tool
Tightening
Wear limit, clearance
Engine speed
Ω, V, A
17
Illustrated symbols 18 to 23 in the exploded diagrams indicate the types of lubricants and lubrication points.
18
19
20
21
22
23
18
19
20
21
22
23
Apply engine oil
Apply gear oil
Apply molybdenum disulfide oil
Apply wheel bearing grease
Apply lightweight lithium-soap base grease
Apply molybdenum disulfide grease
Illustrated symbols 24 to 25 in the exploded diagrams indicate the where to apply locking agent
24 and when to install new parts 25 .
24
25
24 Apply locking agent (LOCTITE)
25 Use new one
INDEX
GENERAL INFORMATION
SPECIFICATIONS
PERIODIC INSPECTION AND
ADJUSTMENT
ENGINE OVERHAUL
COOLING SYSTEM
CARBURETION
CHASSIS
ELECTRICAL
TROUBLESHOOTING
GEN
INFO
1
SPEC
2
INSP
ADJ
3
ENG
4
COOL
5
CARB
6
CHAS
7
ELEC
8
TRBL
SHTG
9
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION
SCOOTER IDENTIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (for E) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRAME SERIAL NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MODEL LABEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OIL INDICATOR LIGHT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AUTO CHOKE SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IGNITION CIRCUIT CUT-OFF SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IMPORTANT INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PREPARATION FOR REMOVAL PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REPLACEMENT PARTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GASKETS, OIL SEALS, AND O-RINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LOCK WASHERS/PLATES AND COTTER PINS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BEARINGS AND OIL SEALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CIRCLIPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CHECKING OF CONNECTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO USE THE CONVERSION TABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPECIAL TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-2
1-2
1-3
1-3
1-4
1-4
1-4
1-4
1-5
1-5
1-5
1-6
1-7
1-8
SCOOTER IDENTIFICATION
GEN
INFO
YP100000
GENERAL INFORMATION
SCOOTER IDENTIFICATION
YP100010
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (for E)
The vehicle identification number 1 is stamped
into the right side of the frame.
NOTE:
The vehicle identification number is used to
identify your scooter and may be used to register your scooter with the licensing authority in
your country.
YP100020
FRAME SERIAL NUMBER (except for E)
The frame serial number 1 is stamped into the
right side of the frame.
EB100030
ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER
The engine serial number 1 is stamped into the
crankcase.
NOTE:
Designs and specifications are subject to
change without notice.
MODEL LABEL
The model label 1 is affixed under the seat.
This information will be needed to order spare
parts.
1-1
FEATURES
GEN
INFO
FEATURES
OIL INDICATOR LIGHT
Function
Pulses (travel distance signals) from the speedometer are counted and cause the oil indicator light to
come on at 1,000 km for the first time and thereafter every 3,000 km. In this way, this light indicates the
time for oil change.
Circuit diagram
Engine stop
Ignitor unit
switch
Main
switch
Oil indicator light
Reset button
Fuse
Battery
Oil indicator light
Meter
Reset button
C.P.U
Resetting procedure
Travel distance can be reset if the reset button is held down for 2 to 5 seconds with the main switch
“ON”.
1) If the “resetting” is done while the oil light is on, the oil indicator light goes off for resetting confirmation.
2) If the “resetting” is done while the oil light is off, the oil indicator light comes on for 1.4 seconds
for resetting confirmation.
Failure diagnosis
1) Checking oil indicator light for breakage
This oil indicator light is kept on for 1.4 seconds immediately after the main switch is turned on,
thereby checking the bulb for breakage.
2) In case of meter pulse failure
If travel distance signals are not detected during running, the oil indicator light flashes and gives a
warning of meter signal failure.
NOTE:
This circuit may be activated if the engine is accelerated without load with the mainestand put up.
Battery tending to discharge.
If the starting motor is run with the battery tending to discharge, the oil indicator light may come on (for
1.4 seconds), but this is noting abnormal.
In this case recharge or replace battery.
This light comes on if battery charging becomes poor, thereby causing the engine to run
as low as about 200 rpm against 600 rpm or so,
1-2
GEN
INFO
FEATURES
AUTO-CHOKE SYSTEM
This system is the parallel connection of the ignitor unit circuit and the thermo switch as shown, detecting the engine temperature, and facilitates the restarting with the warm engine.
Circuit diagram
Igniter unit
Main switch
Thermo
switch
Fuse
Ignition
C.P.U
Battery
Auto-choke
Auto-choke operation
Engine condition
Start with the
cold engine
Crank with the
cold engine
Crank with the
warm engine
Restart with the
warm engine
Thermo switch
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
Ignitor unit circuit
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
Auto-choke
Activates
Activates
Not activate
Not activate
IGNITION CIRCUIT CUT-OFF SYSTEM
A sidestand circuit is added to the existing electric starting circuit, thereby controlling the starter motor
operation and the ignition system of the igniter unit.
Circuit diagram
Engine stop switch
Main switch
Brake
switch
Ignitor unit
Fuse
Starter relay
Relay
Battery
Starter
motor
Start
switch
Brake light
Sidestand
switch
Operating mode
Sidestand switch
OFF
(Sidestand in use)
ON
(Sidestand folded in)
Operation of brake
light
Operation of starter
motor
Operation of igniter
unit control
ON
Not operated
Misfire
OFF
Not operated
Misfire
ON
Operated
Ignited
OFF
Not operated
Ignited (ridden)
1-3
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
GEN
INFO
EB101000
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
PREPARATION FOR REMOVAL PROCEDURES
1. Remove all dirt, mud, dust and foreign material before removal and disassembly.
2. Use proper tools and cleaning equipment.
3. Refer to the “SPECIAL TOOLS” section.
4. When disassembling the machine, always
keep mated parts together. This includes
gears, cylinders, pistons and other parts
that have been “mated” through normal
wear. Mated parts must always be reused
or replaced as an assembly.
5. During machine disassembly, clean all
parts and place them in trays in the order of
disassembly. This will speed up assembly
and allow for the correct installation of all
parts.
6. Keep all parts away from any source of fire.
EB101010
REPLACEMENT PARTS
1. Use only genuine Yamaha parts for all replacements. Use oil and grease recommended by Yamaha for all lubrication jobs.
Other brands may be similar in function and
appearance, but inferior in quality.
EB101020
GASKETS, OIL SEALS AND O-RINGS
1. Replace all gaskets, seals and O-rings
when overhauling the engine. All gasket
surfaces, oil seal lips and O-rings must be
cleaned.
2. Properly oil all mating parts and bearings
during reassembly. Apply grease to the oil
seal lips.
1-4
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
GEN
INFO
EB101030
LOCK WASHERS/PLATES AND COTTER
PINS
1. Replace all lock washers/plates and cotter
pins after removal. Bend lock tabs along the
bolt or nut flats after the bolt or nut has been
tightened to specification.
OR
EB101040
BEARINGS AND OIL SEALS
Install bearings and oil seals so that the
manufacturer’s marks or numbers are visible.
When installing oil seals, apply a light coating of
lightweight lithium base grease to the seal lips.
Oil bearings liberally when installing, if appropriate.
1 Oil seal
CAUTION:
Do not use compressed air to spin the bearings
dry. This will damage the bearing surfaces.
1 Bearing
EB101050
CIRCLIPS
1. Check all circlips carefully before reassembly. Always replace piston pin clips after one use. Replace distorted circlips.
When installing a circlip 1 , make sure that
the sharp-edged corner 2 is positioned opposite the thrust 3 it receives. See sectional view.
4 Shaft
1-5
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
GEN
INFO
EB801000
CHECKING OF CONNECTIONS
Dealing with stains, rust, moisture, etc. on the
connector.
1. Disconnect:
S Connector
2. Dry each terminal with an air blower.
3. Connect and disconnect the connector two
or three.
4. Pull the lead to check that it will not come
off.
5. If the terminal comes off, bend up the pin 1
and reinsert the terminal into the connector.
6. Connect:
S Connector
NOTE:
The two connectors “click” together.
7. Check for continuity with a tester.
NOTE:
D If there is no continuity, clean the terminals.
D Be sure to perform the steps 1 to 7 listed
above when checking the wireharness.
D For a field remedy, use a contact revitalizer
available on the market.
D Use the tester on the connector as shown.
1-6
GEN
INFO
HOW TO USE THE CONVERSION TABLE
EB201000
HOW TO USE THE CONVERSION TABLE
All specification data in this manual are listed in SI and METRIC UNITS.
Use this table to convert METRIC unit data to IMPERIAL unit data.
Ex.
METRIC
MULTIPLIER
IMP
**mm
0.03937
= ** in
2 mm
0.03937
= 0.08 in
CONVERSION TABLE
METRIC TO IMP
Known
Multiplier
Result
Torque
mSkg
mSkg
cmSkg
cmSkg
7.233
86.794
0.0723
0.8679
ftSlb
inSlb
ftSlb
inSlb
Weight
kg
g
2.205
0.03527
lb
oz
Distance
km/hr
km
m
m
cm
mm
0.6214
0.6214
3.281
1.094
0.3937
0.03937
mph
mi
ft
yd
in
in
Volume/
Capacity
cc (cm3)
cc (cm3)
lit (liter)
lit (liter)
0.03527
0.06102
0.8799
0.2199
oz (IMP liq.)
cuSin
qt (IMP liq.)
gal (IMP liq.)
Miscellaneous
kg/mm
kg/cm2
Centigrade
55.997
14.2234
9/5(_C) + 32
lb/in
psi (lb/in2)
Fahrenheit (_F)
1-7
SPECIAL TOOLS
GEN
INFO
EB102000
SPECIAL TOOLS
The following special tools are necessary for complete and accurate tune-up and assembly.
Use only the appropriate special tools; this will help prevent damage caused by the use of inappropriate tools or improvised techniques.
When placing an order, refer to the list provided below to avoid any mistakes.
Tool No.
90890-01084
-01085
Tool name/Usage
Weight
Rocker arm shaft puller bolt
These tools are used when removing
or installing the rocker arm shafts.
90890-01235
Rotor holding tool
This tool is used to remove the
flywheel magneto.
90890-01268
Ringnut wrench
This tool is used to loosen and tighten
the exhaust and steering ringnut.
90890-01311
Valve adjusting tool
This tool is necessary for adjusting
valve clearance.
90890-01312
Fuel level gauge
This gauge is used to measure the fuel
level in the float chamber.
90890-01325
-01352
Radiator cap tester
Adaptor
These tools are used for checking the
cooling system.
90890-01326
-04084
T-handle
Damper rod holder
These tool are used for holding the
damper rod holder when removing or
installing the damper rod holder.
90890-01337
-01464
Clutch spring compressor
Clutch spring holder arm
These tools are used for removing the
nut with holding the compression spring.
90890-01348
Locknut wrench
This tool is used when removing or
installing the secondary sheave nut.
1-8
Illustration
SPECIAL TOOLS
Tool No.
90890-01362
Tool name/Usage
Flywheel puller
This tool is used for removing the
rotor.
90890-01367
-01368
Fork seal driver weight
Fork seal driver attachment (ø33)
This tool is used when installing the
fork seal.
90890-01384
Oil seal guide
This tool is used for protecting the oil
seal lip when installing the secondary
sliding sheave.
90890-01403
Ring nut wrench
This tool is used to loosen and tighten
the steering ring nut.
90890-01701
Sheave holder
This tool is used for holding the
secondary sheave.
90890-01996
Cylinder cup installer set
This tool is used for installing the
cylinder cup to the master cylinder
piston.
90890-03079
Thickness gauge
This tool is used to measure the valve
clearance.
90890-03081
Compression gauge
These tools are used to measure the
engine compression.
90890-03112
Pocket tester
These instruments are invaluable for
checking the electrical system.
90890-03113
Engine tachometer
This tool is needed for detecting
engine rpm.
1-9
GEN
INFO
Illustration
SPECIAL TOOLS
Tool No.
90890-03141
Tool name/Usage
Timing light
This tool is needed for detecting
ignition timing.
90890-04101
Valve lapper
This tool is used for removing and
installing the lifter and for lapping the
valve.
90890-04019
-04108
Valve spring compressor
Attachment
These tools are used when removing
or installing the valve and the valve
spring.
90890-04058
-04078
Middle shaft bearing driver
Mechanical seal installer
These tools are used for installing
mechanical seal.
90890-06754
Ignition checker
This instrument is necessary for checking
the ignition system components.
90890-85505
Yamaha bond No. 1215
This sealant (bond) is used for crankcase
mating surface, etc.
1-10
GEN
INFO
Illustration
CHAPTER 2.
SPECIFICATIONS
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ENGINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CHASSIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ELECTRICAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GENERAL TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LUBRICATION POINTS AND GRADE OF LUBRICANT . . . . . . . . . . . .
ENGINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CHASSIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CABLE ROUTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1
2-4
2-4
2-10
2-14
2-16
2-17
2-17
2-18
2-19
SPEC
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
SPECIFICATIONS
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Model
Model code:
YP250
4UC 1 (except for CH, A)
4UD1 (for CH, A)
Dimensions:
Overall length
Overall width
Overall height
Seat height
Wheelbase
Minimum ground clearance
Minimum turning radius
2,110 mm
,750 mm
1,330 mm
,700 mm
1,500 mm
,115 mm
2,600 mm
Basic weight:
With oil and full fuel tank
158 kg
Engine:
Engine type
Cylinder arrangement
Displacement
Bore stroke
Compression ratio
Compression pressure (STD)
Starting system
Lubrication system:
Liquid-cooled 4-stroke, SOHC
Forward-inclined single cylinder
0.249L (249 cm3)
69.0 66.8 mm
10 : 1
1,400 kPa (14 kg/cm2, 14 bar) at 500 r/min
Electric starter
Wet sump
Oil type or grade:
Engine oil
API STANDERD:
SE or higher grade
Periodic oil change
Total amount
Transmission oil
Total amount
1.2 L
1.4 L
0.25 L
Radiator capacity
Total amount (including all routes)
1.4 L
Air filter: Carburetor side
Crankcase side
Wet type element
Dry type element
Fuel:
Type
Fuel tank capacity
Regular unleaded gasoline
11 L
2-1
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Model
SPEC
YP250
Carburetor:
Type/quantity
Manufacturer
Y28V-1A/1
TEIKEI
Spark plug:
Type
Manufacturer
Spark plug gap
DR8EA
NGK
0.6 X 0.7 mm
Clutch type:
Dry, centrifugal automatic
Transmission:
Primary reduction system
Primary reduction ratio
Secondary reduction sytem
Secondary reduction ratio
Transmission type
Operation
Single speed automatic
Helical gear
40/15 (2.666)
Sper gear
37/16 (2.312)
Single speed automatic (V-belt type)
Centrifugal automatic type
2.20 X 0.88:1
Chassis:
Frame type
Caster angle
Trail
Steel tube underbone
28
103 mm
Tire:
Type
Size
Manufacturer
Type
front
rear
front
rear
front
rear
Tire pressure (cold tire):
Maximum load-except motorcycle
Loading condition A*
front
rear
Loading condition B*
front
rear
High-speed riding
front
rear
Tubeless
110/90-12 64J
130/70-12 62L
IRC/CHENG SHIN
IRC/CHENG SHIN
MB61/C922
MB61/C940
197 kg
0 X 90 kg
175 kPa (1.75 kg/cm2, 1.75 bar)
200 kPa (2.0 kg/cm2, 2.0 bar)
90 X 205 kg
200 kPa (2.0 kg/cm2, 2.0 bar)
225 kPa (2.25 kg/cm2, 2.25 bar)
200 kPa (2.0 kg/cm2, 2.0 bar)
250 kPa (2.5 kg/cm2, 2.5 bar)
*Load is the total weight of cargo, rider, passenger, and accessories.
2-2
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Model
Brake:
Front brake
Rear brake
type
operation
type
operation
YP250
Single disc brake
Right hand operation
Drum brake
Left hand operation
Suspension:
Front suspension
Rear suspension
Telescopic fork
Unit swing
Shock absorber:
Front shock absorber
Rear shock absorber
Coil spring/Oil damper
Coil spring/Oil damper
Wheel travel:
Front wheel travel
Rear wheel travel
85 mm
90 mm
Electrical:
Ignition system
Generator system
Battery type
Battery capacity
T.C.I. (Digital)
A.C. magneto
GT7B-5
12 V 6 AH
Headlight type:
Quartz bulb (Halogen)
Bulb wattage quantity:
Headlight
Marker light
Tail/brake light
Flasher light
Meter light
High beam indicator light
Oil indicator light
Turn indicator light
License light
12V 60 W/55 W 1
12V 4 W 1
12V 5 W/21 W 1
12V 21W 4
12V 1.7W 4
12V 3.4 W 1
12V 1.7 W 1
12V 3.4 W 2
12V 5 W 1
2-3
SPEC
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS
SPEC
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS
ENGINE
Item
Standard
Limit
Cylinder head:
Warp limit
SSS
0.03 mm
Cylinder:
Bore size
Out of round limit
69.000 X 69.005 mm
SSS
69.1 mm
0.03 mm
Camshaft:
Cam dimensions
Intake
“A”
“B”
“C”
Exhaust “A”
“B”
“C”
Camshaft runout limit
36.545 X 36.645 mm
30.021 X 30.121 mm
6.524 mm
36.547 X 36.647 mm
30.067 X 30.167 mm
6.48 mm
SSS
36.45 mm
29.92 mm
SSS
36.45 mm
29.97 mm
SSS
0.03 mm
Cam chain:
Cam chain type/No. of links
DID SCSA-0404A SDH/104
SSS
12.000 X 12.018 mm
11.981 X 11.991 mm
12.03 mm
11.995 mm
0.009 X 0.012 mm
SSS
0.08 X 0.12 mm
0.16 X 0.20 mm
SSS
SSS
Rocker arm/rocker armshaft:
Rocker arm inside diameter
Rocker shaft outside diameter
Rocker arm-to-rocker armshaft
clearance
Valve, valve seat, valve guide:
Valve clearance (cold)
IN
EX
Valve dimensions
Face Width
“A” head diameter
“B” face width
“C” seat width
“D” margin thickness
Stem outside diameter
Guide inside diameter
IN
EX
IN
EX
IN
EX
IN
EX
IN
EX
IN
EX
Seat Width
33.9 X 34.1 mm
28.4 X 28.6 mm
3.394 X 3.960 mm
3.394 X 3.960 mm
0.9 X 1.1 mm
0.9 X 1.1 mm
0.8 X 1.2 mm
0.8 X 1.2 mm
5.975 X 5.990 mm
5.960 X 5.975 mm
6.000 X 6.012 mm
6.000 X 6.012 mm
2-4
Margin Thickness
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
5.94 mm
5.92 mm
6.05 mm
6.05 mm
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Stem-to-guide clearance
Stem runout limit
Valve seat width
Valve spring:
Free length (Inner)
Free length (Outer)
Set length (valve closed)
Set length (valve closed)
Compressed pressure
Tilt limit (Inner)
Tilt limit (Outer)
Piston:
Piston to cylinder
clearance
Piston size “D”
Measuring point “H”
Piston pin bore
inside diameter
Piston pin outside diameter
Piston rings:
Top ring:
Type
End gap (installed)
Side clearance (installed)
2nd ring:
Type
End gap (installed)
Side clearance
Oil ring:
End gap (installed)
IN
EX
IN
EX
IN/EX
IN/EX
(Inner) IN/EX
(Outer) IN/EX
(Inner) IN/EX
(Outer) IN/EX
IN/EX
IN/EX
SPEC
Standard
Limit
0.010 X 0.037 mm
0.025 X 0.052 mm
SSS
0.9 X 1.1 mm
0.9 X 1.1 mm
0.08 mm
0.1 mm
0.01 mm
1.6 mm
1.6 mm
38.1 mm
36.93 mm
30.1 mm
31.6 mm
7.8 X 9.0 kg
37.22 X 42.83 kg
SSS
SSS
36.1 mm
35.0 mm
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
2.5_/1.7 mm
2.5_/1.7 mm
0.02 X 0.04 mm
0.15 mm
68.965 X 68.980 mm
5 mm
17.004 X 17.015 mm
SSS
SSS
17.045 mm
16.991 X 17.000 mm
16.975 mm
Barrel
0.15 X 0.30 mm
0.04 X 0.08 mm
SSS
0.45 mm
0.12 mm
Taper
0.30 X 0.45 mm
0.03 X 0.07 mm
SSS
0.7 mm
0.12 mm
0.2 X 0.7 mm
SSS
59.95 X 60.00 mm
0.03 mm
0.35 X 0.85 mm
SSS
SSS
SSS
Crankshaft:
Crank width “A”
Runout limit “C”
Big end side clearance “D”
2-5
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS
SPEC
Item
Standard
Limit
Automatic centrifugal clutch:
Clutch shoe thickness
Clutch housing inside diameter
Clutch shoe spring free length
Weight outside diameter
Clutch – in revolution
Clutch – stall revolution
3.0 mm
135 mm
28.1 mm
20 mm
2,100 X 2,700 r/min
3,700 X 4,700 r/min
2.0 mm
135.5 mm
SSS
19.5 mm
SSS
SSS
V-belt:
V-belt width
22.6 mm
21.0 mm
Carburetor:
Type
I.D. mark
Ventuly outside diameter
Main jet
Main air jet
Jet needle
Throttle valve size
Pilot air jet
Needle jet
Pilot outlet
Pilot jet
Bypass
Pilot screw
Valve seat size
Starter jet 1
Starter jet 2
Float height
Engine idle speed
Intake vacuum
Oil temperature
Cooling water temperature
Y28V-1B-1
4UC 00 [4UD 00 (CH, A)]
ø28
#130
ø0.9
5D32-3/5
11_
ø1.2
ø2.585
ø0.8
#44
0.7
4
17/8
1.4
ø0.45
ø0.5
27 mm
1,450 X 1,550 r/min
220 X 260 mmHg
65 X 75_C
80_C
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
Fuel pump:
Type
Model/manufacturer
Vaccum type
4HC/MIKUNI
SSS
SSS
Oil pump:
Type
Tip clearance
Side clearance
Housing and rotor clearance
Trochoid type
0.1 X 0.34 mm
0.013 X 0.036 mm
0.04 X 0.09 mm
SSS
0.4 mm
0.15 mm
0.15 mm
(M.J)
(M.A.J)
(J.N)
(Th.V)
(P.A.J.1)
(N.J)
(P.O)
(P.J)
(B.P)
(P.S)
(V.S)
(G.S.1)
(G.S.2)
(F.H)
2-6
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Radiator:
Type
Width/height/thickness
Radiator cap opening pressure
Radiator capacity
Reservoir tank capacity
Thermostatic valve:
Type/manufacturer
Valve opening temperature
Valve full open temperature
Valve full open lift
SPEC
Standard
Limit
Cooling fin with electric fan
140/238/24 mm
110 X 140 kPa (1.1 X 1.4 kg/cm2,
1.1 X 1.4 bar)
1.4 L
0.35 L
SSS
SSS
4HC/NIHON THERMOSTAT
80.5 X 83.5_C
95_C
3 mm
Item
Size
Bearings and oil seals:
Big end bearing
Crankshaft bearing (left)
Crankshaft bearing (right)
Crankshaft oil seal (left)
Crankshaft oil seal (right)
Water pump bearing
Water pump oil seal
Main axle bearing (left)
Main axle bearing (right)
Drive axle bearing (left)
Drive axle bearing (right)
Drive axle oil seal
Camshaft bearing (left)
Camshaft bearing (right)
Primary drive gear bearing (left)
Primary drive gear bearing (right)
Primary drive gear oil seal
32
40
20 (needle bearing)
6306
63/28
SD-30-45-5
S7-14-27-6
6000
S-10-21-5
15NQ2815
15NQ2815
6303
6272
SD8-32-52-7
6005
6202Z
6205
6302
SD8-32-52-7
2-7
SSS
SSS
SSS
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS
SPEC
TIGHTENING TORQUES
ENGINE
g
Part to be tightened
Oil check bolt
Exhaust pipe stud bolt
Spark plug
Cam sprocket cover
Cylinder head and cylinder
Cylinder head and cylinder
(Cam chain side)
Valve cover
Rotor
Valve adjuster locknut
Cam shaft bearing stopper
Cam sprocket
Cam chain tensioner
(Body)
(Plug)
Guide stopper 2
Water pump housing cover
Hose joint
Thermostatic valve cover
Filler neck supporting
Oil pump
Oil pump cover
Drain plug
Carburetor joint
Carburetor joint and carburetor
Air filter assembly
Air filter cover
Fuel pump
Exhaust pipe assembly
Muffler
Muffler and exhaust pipe
Protector (Muffler)
Protector (Exhaust pipe)
Crankcase (left and right)
Drain bolt
Oil filler
Transmission case cover
Crankcase cover (left)
Crankcase filter cover
Crankcase cover protector
Magnet cover
Thread
size
Q’ty
y
—
—
—
Bolt
Nut
Bolt
M6
M8
M12
M6
M8
M6
Bolt
Nut
Nut
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
—
Bolt
Bolt
Screw
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Nut
Bolt
Screw
—
Nut
Bolt
Bolt
Screw
Screw
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
—
Bolt
—
Part name
2-8
Tightening
torque
Nm
mSkg
1
2
1
2
4
2
7
13
18
10
22
10
0.7
1.3
1.8
1.0
2.2
1.0
M6
M16
M6
M6
M10
5
1
2
2
1
10
80
14
8
60
1.0
8.0
1.4
0.8
6.0
M6
M8
M6
M6
M6
M6
M5
M6
M3
M35
M6
M6
M6
M5
M6
M8
M10
M8
M6
M6
M6
M8
M14
M8
M6
M6
M6
M6
2
1
1
3
2
2
1
2
1
1
2
2
2
5
2
2
3
1
3
2
9
1
1
6
11
3
2
10
10
8
10
10
7
10
5
7
1
32
10
10
7
1
10
20
53
20
10
10
10
22
3
16
10
7
7
10
1.0
0.8
1.0
1.0
0.7
1.0
0.5
0.7
0.1
3.2
1.0
1.0
0.7
0.1
1.0
2.0
5.3
2.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
2.2
0.3
1.6
1.0
0.7
0.7
1.0
Remarks
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS
Part to be tightened
g
Cover (oil pump)
Timing check plug
One way clutch
Clutch housing
Grease stopper (Primary sheave)
Primary fixed sheave
Clutch carrier assembly
Stator
Pick up coil
Starter motor
Thermo switch
Thermo unit
Part name
Bolt
Plug
—
Bolt
—
—
—
—
—
Bolt
—
—
2-9
Thread
size
Q’ty
y
M6
M16
M8
M14
M4
M14
M36
M5
M5
M6
M16
Pt 1/8
2
1
3
1
4
1
1
3
2
2
2
1
SPEC
Tightening
torque
Nm
mSkg
12
8
30
60
3
60
90
7
7
10
23
8
1.2
0.8
3.0
6.0
0.3
6.0
9.0
0.7
0.7
1.0
2.3
0.8
Remarks
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS
SPEC
CHASSIS
Item
Standard
Limit
Steering system:
Steering bearing type
Ball bearing
SSS
Front suspension:
Front fork travel
Fork spring free length
Spring rate
(K1)
Stroke
(K1)
Oil capacity
Oil level
Oil grade
Inner tube vend limit
100 mm
265.8 mm
5.7 N/mm (0.57 kg/mm)
0 X 100 mm
0.142 L (142 cm3)
80 mm
Fork oil 15 WT or equivalent
SSS
SSS
263.5 mm
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
0.2 mm
Rear suspension:
Shock absorber stroke
Spring free length
Fitting length
Spring rate
(K1)
(K2)
(K3)
Stroke
(K1)
(K2)
(K3)
106 mm
265 mm
317 mm
7.7 N/mm (0.77 kg/mm)
10.9 N/mm (1.09 kg/mm)
17.6 N/mm (1.76 kg/mm)
0 X 40 mm
40 X 75 mm
75 X 106 mm
SSS
260 mm
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
Front wheel:
Type
Rim size
Rim material
Rim runout limit radial
Rim runout limit lateral
Cast wheel
MT2.75
12
Aluminum
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
2 mm
2 mm
Rear wheel:
Type
Rim size
Rim material
Rim runout limit radial
Rim runout limit lateral
Cast wheel
MT3.50
12
Aluminum
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
2 mm
2 mm
Front disc brake:
Type
Disc outside diameter
thickness
Pad thickness
Master cylinder inside diameter
Caliper cylinder outside diameter
Brake fluid type
Single
245
4 mm
5.4 mm
12.7 mm
25.4 + 30.1 mm
DOT #4
SSS
SSS
0.8 mm
SSS
SSS
SSS
2-10
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS
SPEC
Item
Standard
Limit
Rear drum brake:
Type
Drum inside diameter
Shoe thickness
Leading, trailing
160 mm
4 mm
SSS
161 mm
2 mm
Brake lever:
Brake lever free play (front at lever side)
Brake lever free play (rear)
Throttle cable free play
2 X 5 mm
10 X 20 mm
3 X 5 mm
SSS
SSS
SSS
Item
Size
Bearings and oil seals:
Front wheel bearing (left)
Front wheel bearing (right)
Front wheel oil seal (left)
Meter gear oil seal (right)
Rear wheel bearing (left)
Rear wheel oil seal (inner)
Rear wheel oil seal (outer)
6302RS
6302RS
SD-22-42-7-1
SDD-47-58-7
6302RS
SDO-28-35-4
DD-26-42-8
2-11
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS
SPEC
TIGHTENING TORQUES
CHASSIS
Thread size
Part to be tightened
Frame and engine bracket
Engine bracket, compression rod and engine
Compression rod and frame
Sidestand (bolt and frame)
Sidestand (bolt and nut)
Rear footrest bracket
Swingarm
Rear shock absorber and frame
Rear shock absorber and engine
Steering ring nut
Handle holder and steering shaft
Handle upper holder and lower holder
Brake hose and master cylinder
Fuel tank
(font)
(rear)
Fuel cock
Fuel sender
Filter
Roll over valve
Box
Handle seat
Sheet lock assembly
Plastic parts & cover
Cowling stay
Side cover 1
Cowling body
Footrest board
Headlight assembly
Tail light assembly
Front wheel axle and nut
Rear wheel axle and nut
Rear brake cam lever
Rear pivot pin
Front brake caliper and front fork
Brake disc and hub
Brake hose and caliper
Brake caliper and bleed screw
Windscreen
2-12
Tightening
torque
Nm
mSkg
M12 1.25
M10 1.25
M10 1.25
M10 1.25
M10 1.25
M 6 1.0
M 8 1.25
M10 1.25
M 8 1.25
M25 1.0
M20 1.5
M 8 1.25
M10 1.25
59
32
64
40
40
7
23
40
19
22
139
23
26
5.9
3.2
6.4
4.0
4.0
0.7
2.3
4.0
1.9
2.2
13.9
2.3
2.6
M 6 1.0
M 6 1.0
M 6 1.0
M 5 0.8
M 6 1.0
M 5 0.8
M 6 1.0
M 6 1.0
M 6 1.0
M 5 1.0
M 8 1.25
M 6 1.0
M 6 1.0
M 6 1.0
M 6 1.0
M 6 1.0
M14 1.5
M14 1.5
M 6 1.0
M10 1.25
M10 1.25
M 8 1.25
M10 1.25
M 7 1.0
M 5 1.0
10
7
7
3
7
4
7
10
7
2
16
7
7
7
7
7
70
135
10
32
49
23
26
6
0.4
1.0
0.7
0.7
0.3
0.7
0.4
0.7
1.0
0.7
0.2
1.6
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
7.0
13.5
1.0
3.2
4.9
2.3
2.6
0.6
0.04
Remarks
See “NOTE”
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS
SPEC
NOTE:
1. First, tighten the ring nut (lower) approximately 38 Nm (3.8 mSkg) by using the torque wrench, then
loosen the ring nut 1/4 turn.
2. Second, tighten the ring nut (lower) approximately 22 Nm (2.2 mSkg) by using the torque wrench,
then finger tighten the ring nut (center). Align the slots both ring nut and install the lock washer.
3. Final, hold the ring nuts (lower and center) and tighten the ring nut (upper) 75 Nm (7.5 mSkg) by
using the torque wrench.
2-13
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS
SPEC
ELECTRICAL
Item
Standard
limit
Ignition timing:
Ignition timing (B.T.D.C.)
Advanced timing (B.T.D.C.)
Advanced type
10_ at 1,500 r/min
32_ at 5,000 r/min
Electrical type
SSS
SSS
SSS
168 X 252 Ω at 20_C/
Yellow – Black
J4T069/MITSUBISHI
SSS
Ignition coil:
Model/manufacturer
Minimum spark gap
Primary winding resistance
Secondary winding resistance
F6T507 /MITSUBISHI
6 mm
3.6 X 4.8 Ω at 20_C
10.7 X 14.5 kΩ at 20_C
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
Spark plug cap:
Type
Resistance
Resin type
5 kΩ
SSS
SSS
A.C. magneto
4HC/MITSUBISHI
14 V 16 A at 5,000 r/min
0.8 X 1.0 Ω at 20_C/
White – White
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
Rectifire/regulator:
Model/manufacturer
No load regulated voltage
Capacity
Withstand voltage
SH640D-12/SHINDENGEN
14.7 V
20 A
200 V
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
Battery:
Specific gravity
1.310
SSS
T.C.I.:
Pickup coil resistance/color
T.C.I. unit model/manufacturer
Charging system:
Type
Model/manufacturer
Normal output
Stator coil resistance/color
Electric starter system:
Type
Starter motor:
Model/manufacturer /ID number
Operation voltage
Output
Armature coil resistance
Brush overall length
Brash quantity
Spring force
Commutator diameter
Mica undercut (depth)
SSS
Constant mesh type
SM-13/MITSUBA/SM-13454
12 V
0.65 kW
0.0012 X 0.0022 Ω at 20_C
12.5 mm
2 pcs.
570 X 920 g
28 mm
0.7 mm
2-14
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
4 mm
SSS
570 g
27 mm
SSS
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS
SPEC
Item
Standard
limit
Starter relay:
Model/manufacturer
Amperage rating
Coil winding resistance
4FL/JIDECO
100 A
4.2 X 4.6 Ω at 20_C
SSS
SSS
SSS
Horn:
Model/manufacturer
Maximum amperage
YF-12/NIKKO
2.5 A
SSS
SSS
Flasher relay:
Type
Model/manufacturer
Flasher frequency
Full transistor type
4MY/NIPPONDENSO
75 X 95 cycle/min
SSS
SSS
SSS
Fuel gage:
Model/manufacturer
Sender unit resistance – full
Sender unit resistance – empty
4HC/NIPPON SEIKI
4 X 10 Ω
90 X 100 Ω
SSS
SSS
SSS
Starting circuit cut-off relay:
Model/manufacturer
Coil winding resistance
4HC/MATSUSHITA
72 X 88 Ω
SSS
SSS
Electric fan motor:
Model/manufacturer
4HC/MITSUBA
SSS
Thermo switch (electric fan):
Model/manufacturer
3LN/NIHON THERMOSTAT
SSS
Thermo switch (auto choke):
Model/manufacturer
4HC/NIHON THERMOSTAT
SSS
Thermo unit:
Model/manufacturer
2YK/NIPPON SEIKI
SSS
Fuse
20 A 1 pc.
3A
1 pc.
20 A
1 pc.
3A
1 pc.
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
SSS
Circuit breaker:
Type
MAIN
FAN
Reserve
2-15
GENERAL TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
SPEC
GENERAL TORQUE
SPECIFICATIONS
This chart specifies torque for standard fasteners with standard I.S.O. pitch threads. Torque
specifications for special components or assemblies are included in the applicable sections
of this book. To avoid warpage, tighten multifastener assemblies in a crisscross fashion, in
progressive stages, until full torque is reached.
Unless otherwise specified, torque specifications call for clean, dry threads. Components
should be at room temperature.
A: Distance across flats
B: Outside thread diameter
2-16
A
(Nut)
B
(Bolt)
10 mm
General torque
specifications
Nm
mSkg
6 mm
6
0.6
12 mm
8 mm
15
1.5
14 mm
10 mm
30
3.0
17 mm
12 mm
55
5.5
19 mm
14 mm
85
8.5
22 mm
16 mm
130
13.0
LUBRICATION POINT AND GRADE OF LUBRICANT
SPEC
LUBRICATION POINT AND GRADE OF LUBRICANT
ENGINE
Lubrication Point
Symbol
Oil seal lips
O-ring (Except V-belt drive unit)
Cylinder head tightening nut mounting surface
Crankshaft pin outside
Connecting rod big end thrust surface
Rotary filter inner surface
Drive gear inner surface
Cam chain outside sprocket inner surface
Piston pin
Piston outside and ring groove
Camshaft cam profile
Valve stem (IN, EX)
Valve stem end (lN, EX)
Rocker shaft
Valve rocker arm inner surface
Shaft
Shaft (Oil pump assembly)
Gasket (Oil pump assembly)
Holder
Idle gear 1 thrust surfaces
Shaft 1
Idle gear 2 thrust surfaces
Idle gear 2 inner surface
Main axle thrust surfaces
Crankcase mating surfaces
Yamaha bond No. 1215
Crankcase breather plug
Stator grommet
Yamaha bond No. 1215
Suction pipe
2-17
LUBRICATION POINT AND GRADE OF LUBRICANT
SPEC
CHASSIS
Symbol
Lubrication Point
Front wheel oil seal lips (left/right)
Swingarm oil seal lips (left/right)
Steering head pipe bearing (upper/lower)
Steering head pipe dust seal lips (upper/lower)
Tube guide (throttle grip) inner surface
Brake cable (brake lever)
Brake lever and lever holder bolt sliding surface
Sidestand sliding surface
Centerstand sliding surface and mounting bolt
Centerstand stopper pivot shaft
Brake cam pivot shaft and cam surface
2-18
CABLE ROUTING
SPEC
CABLE ROUTING
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Rectifier regulator
Fuel sender
Fuse (fan)
Roll over valve
Ignition coil
Seat lock cable
Handlebar switch 3 lead
(right)
Front brake switch lead
Brake hose
Speedometer cable
Radiator overflow hose
Starter relay / Fuse (main)
Battery
Battery positive (+) lead
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
Battery negative (–) lead
Flasher relay
Reservoir tank
Breather hose
Air filter
Mainharness
Link (engine bracket)
A.C. magneto lead
Starter motor lead
Engine earth lead
Mudguard
A Clamp the fuel sender lead
and auto choke lead to the
frame.
2-19
B Pass the seat lock cable
through the protection pipe.
C Clamp the mainharness and
radiator over flow hose
together to the frame.
D Install the brake hose to the
brake caliper with its marking
facing to the tire side.
CABLE ROUTING
E Pass the overflow hose from
J Keep the clamping clearance
the reservoir tank through the
over 5 mm.
clamp inside the frame.
(Bend the metal clamp to keep
F Clamp the mainharness, battery
the clearance between the
(+) lead and (–) lead to clamp
metal clamp and link over
of the frame.
5 mm.)
G Clamp the fuel sender lead to
K Install the meter cable with
the pipe.
its sheaved side facing to the
H The mainharness connecting
meter gear.
to the taillight assembly to
L Separate the thermo switch
the frame.
lead and ather lead forward
I Connect the taillight
inside the frame.
assembly lead to the
mainharness over the
mudguard.
2-20
SPEC
CABLE ROUTING
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Seat lock
Air filter case
Breather hose
Fuel hose
Vacuum hose
Sidestand switch lead
Thermo switch lead
Fan motor lead ,
Breather hose
Overflow hose (fuel tank)
Relay
Auto choke lead
A.C. magneto lead
Starter motor lead
Engine earth lead
Protector (pipe)
Seat lock cable
A Clamp the mainharness and
sidestand switch lead
together the frame.
B Clamp the sidestand switch
lead.
C Install the positive (+) lead
between the battery and the
starter relay to the starter relay
along the chassis.
D Clamp the seat lock cable to
the the frame.
E Clamp the thermo switch lead
and fan motor lead the frame.
F Clamp the overflow hose to
the metal clamp on the frame.
G Put the coupler of the A.C.
magneto lead and the auto
choke lead along the frame
pipe after connection.
2-21
SPEC
H Clamp the mainharness, A.C.
magneto lead, starter motor
lead and engine earth lead
together inside the frame.
I Clamp the A.C. magneto lead,
starter motor lead and engine
earth lead to the link.
J Pass the breather hose
through the hole of the air
filter case.
CABLE ROUTING
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Front flasher light (right)
Front flasher light (left)
Handlebar switch (right) lead
Front brake switch lead
Seat lock cable
Throttle cable
Brake hose
Handlebar switch (left) lead
Rear brake switch lead
Handlebar under cover
Brake cable 2
Speedometer cable
Stay 1
Horn
15 Brake hose stopper
16 Marking
A Clamp the speedometer lead
the stay 1.
B Pass the speedometer cable
and the brake hose through
the clamps on the frame.
(Front : Speedometer cable
Rear : Brake hose)
C Pass the handlebar switch
(right) lead and front brake
switch lead through the plastic
“U” clamp.
2-22
SPEC
D Do not interfere each other
after installing the handlebar
upper cover.
E Pass the handlebar switch
(left) lead and rear brake
switch lead on the left of the
speedometer cable, then
connect to the mainharness.
F Hook the left and right front
flasher light leads on the pipe
of stay 1. (Put the leads down
inside of the cowling body
after connection.)
CABLE ROUTING
G Pass the brake hose through
the hose holder and clamp.
H Clamp the headlight lead and
horn lead from mainharness
to the stay 1.
I Install the brake hose with its
marking facing to the stopper
side.
2-23
SPEC
CABLE ROUTING
Fuel overflow hose (filler neck)
Throttle cable 1 (nut white)
Throttle cable 2 (nut black)
Air vent hose (carburetor)
Coolant drain hose
(carburetor)
6 Fuel drain hose (carburetor)
7 Fuel overflow hose (fuel tank)
1
2
3
4
5
A Pass the brake cable 2 though
the holder and clamp to the
crankcase.
B Pass the air vent hose, coolant
drain hose, and fuel drain
C
D
E
F
G
hose through the “U” clamp
on the holder.
Put the lock of the band to the
center from the line “a”.
Pass the drain hose through
the clamp (spring hook).
Pass the overflow hoses from
the filler neck and the fuel tank
through the clamp.
Pass the brake cable 2 through
the guide ring.
Pass the overflow hose from
the tank through the
clamp inside the frame pipe.
2-24
SPEC
H Band the throttle cable to the
frame, noting the band
direction.
CABLE ROUTING
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Steering head pipe
Brake cable 2
Mainharness
Downtube
Throttle cable
Radiator
Stay 1
A Pass the brake cable 2 though
the clamp on the handlebar
holder.
B Band the brake cable 2 to the
steering head pipe, noting the
band direction. (view A)
C Band the throttle cable and the
right mainharness to the
D
E
F
G
H
downtube, noting the band
direction. (view B)
Band the brake cable 2 to the
frame at the upper part of the
radiator, noting the band
direction. (view C)
Band the brake cable 2 at the
left front of the steering head
pipe and set the rest of the
band to the left.
Set the lock of the band in this
range.
Clamp the brake cable in front
of the pipe.
Put the rest of the band end to
the side.
2-25
SPEC
I Pass the brake cable through
the guide ring.
J Pass the brake cable 2 through
the guide on the frame.
K Clamp the brake cable 2 to the
frame.
(Up and down)
Align the locating mark of the
brake cable 2 with the under
clamp.
SPEC
CHAPTER 3.
PERIODIC INSPECTION AND ADJUSTMENT
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE/LUBRICATION INTERVALS . . . . . . . . . . .
COVER AND PANEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TAIL COVER AND FUEL TANK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FOOTREST BOARD AND LOWER COVER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
COWLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HANDLE COVER, METER ASSEMBLY AND LEGSHIELD . . . . . . .
ENGINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VALVE CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IDLING SPEED ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
THROTTLE CABLE ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPARK PLUG INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IGNITION TIMING CHECK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
COMPRESSION PRESSURE MEASUREMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ENGINE OIL LEVEL INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RECOMMENDED ENGINE OIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ENGINE OIL REPLACEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ENGINE OIL PRESSURE INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TRANSMISSION OIL REPLACEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EXHAUST SYSTEM INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AIR FILTER CLEANING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CRANKCASE FILTER CLEANING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
COOLANT LEVEL INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
COOLANT REPLACEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
COOLING SYSTEM INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CHASSIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT BRAKE ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BRAKE FLUID LEVEL INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BRAKE PAD INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AIR BLEEDING (HYDRAULIC BRAKE SYSTEM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REAR BRAKE ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BRAKE SHOE INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STEERING HEAD INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT FORK INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SWINGARM INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REAR SHOCK ABSORBER INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REAR SHOCK ABSORBER ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TIRE INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WHEEL INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ELECTRICAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BATTERY INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FUSE INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HEADLIGHT BEAM ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
3-1
3-3
3-4
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-9
3-10
3-11
3-12
3-13
3-14
3-15
3-16
3-16
3-17
3-18
3-19
3-19
3-20
3-21
3-21
3-25
3-26
3-26
3-27
3-28
3-28
3-29
3-30
3-30
3-32
3-33
3-33
3-33
3-34
3-36
3-37
3-37
3-42
3-43
INTRODUCTION /
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE/LUBRICATION INTERVALS
INSP
ADJ
EB300000
PERIODIC INSPECTIONS AND ADJUSTMENTS
INTRODUCTION
This chapter includes all information necessary to perform recommended inspections and adjustments. These preventive maintenance procedures, if followed, will ensure more reliable vehicle operation and a longer service life. The need for costly overhaul work will be greatly reduced. This information applies to vehicles already in service as well as to new vehicles that are being prepared for sale. All
service technicians should be familiar with this entire chapter.
YP301000
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE/LUBRICATION INTERVALS
BREAK-IN
NO.
1
ITEM
* Valve clearance
2
Spark plug
ROUTINE
TYPE
Check and adjust valve clearance
when engine is coled
Check condition.
Adjust gap and clean.
1,000 km
—
Refer to
SPARK PLUG
INSPECTION
EVERY
6,000 km
or
6 months
12,000 km
or
12 months
Every 12,000 km
3
* Fuel line
Check fuel hose and vacuum pipe
for cracks or damage.
—
4
* Idle speed
Check and adjust engine idle
speed.
Adjust throttle cable free play.
—
5
* Engine oil
Replace.
Refer to ENGINE
OIL INSPECTION
Replace
Replace every 3,000 km.
—
Clean
Clean every 3,000 km.
Replace
Replace every 10,000 km.
Oil strainer
Clean with solvent.
7
Transmission oil
Replace.
Same as
engine oil
8
Air filter
Clean with solvent and dampen
with oil.
Same as
engine oil
9
Crankcase filter
Clean with compressed air
—
Cooling system
Check hose for cracks or damage.
Replace if necessary.
—
10
Replace coolant.
Ethylene glycol
antifreeze
Replace every 24 months.
Adjust free play.
Check and replace if necessary.
Replace brake fluid every
24,000km or 24 months.
Brake fluid;
DOT 4
—
6
Front
11 *
brake system
12 *
Rear
brake system
Adjust lever free play.
Check and replace shoes
if necessary.
13 * Control cables
Apply oil lightly.
Same as
engine oil
14
Apply oil lightly.
Same as
engine oil
Brake laver pivot
3-1
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE/LUBRICATION INTERVALS
INSP
ADJ
BREAK-IN
NO.
15
ITEM
Centerstand and
sidestand pivot
ROUTINE
TYPE
Check operation and lubricate.
1,000 km
Same as
engine oil
EVERY
6,000 km
or
6 months
12,000 km
or
12 month
16 * Sidestand switch
Check and clean or replace
if necessary.
—
17 * Front fork
Check operation and for
oil leakage.
—
Check bearing assembly
for looseness.
—
Check bearing for smooth rotation
—
18 *
Steering
bearings
19 * Wheel bearings
Items marked with an asterisk (*) require special tools data and technical skills for servicing. Take the
scooter to a Yamaha dealer.
NOTE:
The air filter needs more frequent service if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
Brake fluid replacement:
1. Replace the brake fluid after disassembling the master cylinder or caliper cylinder.
Check the brake fluid level and add fluid as required.
2. Replace the master cylinder and caliper cylinder oil seals every two years.
3. Replace the brake hoses every four years, or if cracked or damaged.
3-2
COVER AND PANEL
INSP
ADJ
COVER AND PANEL
SIDE PANEL AND SEAT
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Side panel and seat removal
Rear panel
Side panel (left)
Side panel (right)
Rivet
Front panel
Clip
Damper assembly
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
8
Seat
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
NOTE:
Install the damper assembly to the body
with its rod side backward and labels upward.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
3-3
COVER AND PANEL
INSP
ADJ
TAIL COVER AND FUEL TANK
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
7 Nm (0.7 mkg)
7 Nm (0.7 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Tail cover and fuel tank removal
Grab bar
Seat lock bracket
Screw
Tail cover
Fuel tank cap
Fuel overflow hose
Cover
Fuel tank cover
Coupler (fuel sender lead)
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
10
11
Fuel overflow hose
Fuel hose
1
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
3-4
Tail cover
Fuel tank
NOTE:
Disconnect the couplers.
COVER AND PANEL
INSP
ADJ
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
7 Nm (0.7 mkg)
7 Nm (0.7 mkg)
Order
12
13
14
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Vacuum hose
Bracket
Fuel tank
1
1
1
Remarks
Fuel tank
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
3-5
COVER AND PANEL
INSP
ADJ
FOOTREST BOARD AND LOWER COVER
7 Nm (0.7 mkg)
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Footrest board and lower cover
removal
Mat (footrest board) (left/right)
Cover 2
Battery negative (-) lead
Battery positive (+) lead
Battery
Flasher relay
Starter relay
Reservoir tank
Footrest
Lid
Box
Lower cover
Footrest board
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
1/1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
3-6
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
COVER AND PANEL
INSP
ADJ
COWLING
7 Nm (0.7 mkg)
7 Nm (0.7 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Cowling removal
Upper cover
Wind screen
Inner panel
Cowling body
Coupler (headlight lead)
Coupler (front flasher light lead (left))
Coupler (front flasher light lead (right))
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
1
1
1
1
1
1
NOTE:
Disconnect the couplers.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
3-7
COVER AND PANEL
INSP
ADJ
HANDLE COVER, METER ASSEMBLY AND LEGSHIELD
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Handle cover, meter assembly and
legshield removal
Handle cover
Coupler (meter lead)
Meter cable
Meter assembly
Main switch cover
Cover
Legshield
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
NOTE:
Disconnect the couplers.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
3-8
VALVE CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT
INSP
ADJ
YP303004
ENGINE
VALVE CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT
NOTE:
Valve clearance adjustment should be made
with the engine cool, at room temperature.
When the valve clearance is to be measured or
adjusted, the piston must be at Top Dead Center (T.D.C.) on the compression stroke.
1. Remove:
Side panels
Tail cover
Fuel tank
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section.
2. Remove:
Crankcase filter cover 1
Crankcase filter cover seal
Crankcase filter element 2
3. Remove:
Spark plug
Valve cover (intake side)
Valve cover (exhaust side)
4. Remove:
Timing check plug
5. Measure:
Valve clearance
Out of specification Adjust.
Valve clearance (cold):
Intake valve 0.08 0.12 mm
Exhaust valve 0.16 0.20 mm
*****************************************************
Measurement steps:
Rotate the primary fixed sheave counterclockwise to align the slit a on the rotor with
the stationary pointer b on the crankcover 1
when the piston is Top Dead Center (TDC).
Measure the valve clearance by using a feeler gauge.
Out of specification Adjust clearance.
*****************************************************
3-9
VALVE CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT/
IDLING SPEED ADJUSTMENT
INSP
ADJ
6. Adjust:
D Valve clearance
*****************************************************
Adjustment steps:
D Loosen the locknut 1 .
D Turn the adjuster 3 in or out with the valve
adjusting tool 2 until specified clearance is
obtained.
Turning in Valve clearance is
decreased.
Turning out Valve clearance is
increased.
Valve adjusting tool:
90890-01311
D Hold the adjuster to prevent it from moving
and tighten the locknut.
14 Nm (1.4 mSkg)
D Measure the valve clearance.
D If the clearance is incorrect, repeat above
steps until specified clearance is obtained.
*****************************************************
7. Install:
D Valve cover (intake side) 1
D O-ring 2
10 Nm (1.0 mSkg)
8. Install:
D Valve cover (exhaust side)
10 Nm (1.0 mSkg)
D
D
D
D
D
D
O-ring
18 Nm (1.8 mSkg)
Spark plug
Timing check window screw
Crankcase filter element
Crankcase filter cover seal
7 Nm (0.7 mSkg)
Crankcase filter cover
YP303022
IDLING SPEED ADJUSTMENT
1. Start the engine and let it warm up for several minutes.
2. Attach:
D Inductive tachometer to the spark plug
lead.
Inductive tachometer:
90890-03113
3-10
IDLING SPEED ADJUSTMENT/
THROTTLE CABLE ADJUSTMENT
INSP
ADJ
3. Check:
Engine idling speed
Out of specification Adjust.
Engine idling speed:
1,450 1,550 r/min
4. Adjust:
Engine idle speed
*****************************************************
Adjustment steps:
Turn the pilot screw 1 until it is lightly seated.
Turn the pilot screw out by the specified number of turns.
Pilot screw:
1-7/8 turns out
Turn the throttle stop screw 2 in or out until
the specified idling speed is obtained.
Turning in Idling speed is increased.
Turning out Idling speed is decreased.
*****************************************************
5. Adjust:
Throttle cable free play
Refer to “THROTTLE CABLE FREE
PLAY ADJUSTMENT” section.
YP303032
THROTTLE CABLE ADJUSTMENT
NOTE:
Prior to adjusting the throttle cable free play, the
engine idling speed should be adjusted.
1. Check:
Throttle cable free play a
Out of specification Adjust.
Free play (throttle cable):
3 5 mm at throttle grip flange
2. Adjust:
Throttle cable free play
*************************************
Adjustment steps:
NOTE:
Never accelerate the throttle when stopping the
engine.
3-11
THROTTLE CABLE ADJUSTMENT/
SPARK PLUG INSPECTION
INSP
ADJ
Loosen the locknut 1 on the throttle cable.
Turn the adjuster 2 in or out until specified
free play is obtained.
Turning in Free play is increased.
Turning out Free play is decreased.
Tighten the locknut.
After adjusting, turn the handlebar to the
right and to the left to ensure that this does
not cause the engine idling speed to
change.
*****************************************************
EB303040
SPARK PLUG INSPECTION
1. Remove:
Spark plug cap
Spark plug
CAUTION:
Before removing the spark plug, use compressed air to blow away any dirt accumulated in the spark plug wells to prevent it
from falling into the cylinder.
1. Check:
Spark plug type
Incorrect Replace.
Standard spark plug:
DR8EA (NGK)
2. Inspect:
Electrode 1
Wear/damage Replace.
Insulator 2
Abnormal color Replace.
Normal color is a medium-to-light tan color.
2. Clean:
Spark plug
(with spark plug cleaner or wire brush)
3. Measure:
Spark plug gap a
(with a wire gauge)
Out of specification Adjust gap.
3-12
SPARK PLUG INSPECTION/
IGNITION TIMING CHECK
INSP
ADJ
Spark plug gap:
0.6 0.7 mm
6. Install:
D Spark plug
18 Nm (1.8 mSkg)
NOTE:
Before installing a spark plug, clean the gasket
surface and plug surface.
YP303052
IGNITION TIMING CHECK
NOTE:
Prior to checking the ignition timing, check all
electrical connections related to the ignition
system. Make sure all connections are tight and
free of corrosion and that all ground connections are tight.
1. Remove:
D Timing check plug
2. Attach:
D Timing light 1
Engine tachometer 2
(to the spark plug lead)
Timing light:
90890-03141
Engine tachometer:
90890-03113
3. Check:
D Ignition timing
*****************************************************
Checking steps:
D Start the engine and let it warm up for several
minutes. Let the engine run at the specified
speed.
Engine idling speed:
1,450 1,550 r/min
D Visually check the stationary pointer a to
verify it is within the required firing range b
indicated on the flywheel.
Incorrect firing range Check the ignition
system.
*****************************************************
3-13
IGNITION TIMING CHECK/
COMPRESSION PRESSURE MEASUREMENT
INSP
ADJ
NOTE:
Ignition timing is not adjustable.
3. Install:
Timing check plug
YP303060
COMPRESSION PRESSURE
MEASUREMENT
NOTE:
Insufficient compression pressure will result in
performance loss.
1. Remove:
Side panels
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section.
2. Check:
Valve clearance
Out of specification Adjust.
Refer to “VALVE CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT” section.
3. Start the engine and let it warm up for several minutes.
4. Turn off the engine.
5. Remove:
Spark plug
CAUTION:
Before removing the spark plug, use compressed air to blow away any dirt accumulated in the spark plug well to prevent it from
falling into the cylinder.
6. Attach:
Compression gauge 1
Compression gauge:
90890-03081
7. Measure:
Compression pressure
If it exceeds the maximum pressure allowed Inspect the cylinder head, valve
surfaces and piston crown for carbon deposits.
If it is below the minimum pressure Squirt a few drops of oil into the affected
cylinder and measure again.
Follow the table below.
3-14
COMPRESSION PRESSURE MEASUREMENT/
ENGINE OIL REPLACEMENT
INSP
ADJ
p
p
Compression
pressure
(With oil applied into cylinder)
Reading
Diagnosis
Higher than
without oil
Worn or damaged pistons
Same as
without oil
Possible defective ring(s),
valves,
cylinder head gasket or
piston Repair.
Compression pressure (at sea level):
Standard:
1,400 kPa (14 kg/cm2, 14 bar)
Minimum:
1,120 kPa (11.2 kg/cm2, 11.2 bar)
*****************************************************
Measurement steps:
D Crank the engine with the throttle wideopen
until the reading on the compression gauge
stabilizes.
Before cranking the engine, ground all
spark plug leads to prevent sparking.
*****************************************************
8. Install:
18 Nm (1.8 mSkg)
D Spark plug
9. Install:
D Side panels
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section.
YP303070
ENGINE OIL LEVEL INSPECTION
1. Stand the scooter on a level surface.
NOTE:
Make sure the scooter is upright when inspecting the oil level.
2. Start the engine and let it warm up for a few
minutes.
3. Turn off the engine.
4. Inspect:
D Engine oil level
Oil level should be between maximum 1
and minimum 2 marks.
Oil level is below the minimum mark
Add oil up to the proper level.
3-15
ENGINE OIL LEVEL INSPECTION/
ENGINE OIL REPLACEMENT
INSP
ADJ
RECOMMENDED ENGINE OIL
Refer to the chart for selection of the oils suited
to the atomosperic temperature.
API STANDARD:
API SE or higher grade
CAUTION:
D Do not put in any chemical sdditives or
use oils with a grade of CD a or higher.
D Be sure not to use oils labeled “ENERGY
CONSERVING II” b or higher. Engine oil
also lubricates the clutch and additives
could cause clutch slippage.
D Be sure no foreign material enters the
crankcase.
5. Start the engine and let it warm up for a few
minutes.
6. Turn off the engine.
NOTE:
Wait a few minutes until the oil settles before inspecting the oil level.
YP*****
ENGINE OIL REPLACEMENT
1. Start the engine and let it warm up for several minutes.
2. Turn off the engine and place an oil pan under the engine.
3. Remove:
D Oil filler plug
D Drain plug 1
D Compression spring 2
D Oil strainer 3
D O-ring
Drain the crankcase of its oil.
4. Install:
D O-ring 1
D Compression spring 2
D Oil strainer 3
32 Nm (3.2 mSkg)
D Drain plug 4
D Oil filler plug
NOTE:
Check the O-ring (drain plug). If damaged, replace it with a new one.
3-16
ENGINE OIL REPLACEMENT/
ENGINE OIL PRESSURE INSPECTION
INSP
ADJ
5. Fill:
Crankcase
Oil quantity:
1.4L
6. Check:
Engine oil level
Refer to “ENGINE OIL LEVEL INSPECTION” section.
7. Reset:
Engine oil warning circuit
*****************************************************
Resetting steps:
Turn the main switch to on.
Push and hold in the reset button for 2 to 5
seconds.
Release the reset button 1 and the oil indicator light will go off.
NOTE:
If the oil is changed before the oil indicator light
comes on (i.e. before the 3,000 km oil change
interval is reached), be sure to reset the oil indicator light after changing the oil, so that it will
come on at the correct time to indicate the next
3,000 km oil replacement.
To reset the oil indicator light before it comes on:
Release the reset button and the oil indicator
light will come on for 1.4 seconds.
*************************************
YP*****
ENGINE OIL PRESSURE INSPECTION
1. Remove:
Side panels
Refer to the “COVER AND PANEL” section.
2. Inspect:
Oil pressure
*****************************************************
Inspection steps:
Slightly loosen the oil check bolt 1 .
Start the engine and keep it idling until the oil
begins to seep from the oil check bolt.
If no oil comes out after one minute, turn the
engine off so it will not seize.
Check oil passages and oil pump for damage
or leakage.
3-17
ENGINE OIL PRESSURE INSPECTION/
TRANSMISSION OIL REPLACEMENT
INSP
ADJ
D Start the engine after solving the problem(s),
and recheck the oil pressure.
D Tighten the oil check bolt to specification.
10 Nm (1.0 mSkg)
CAUTION:
D Start the engine and check the oil pressure with the oil check bolt loosened.
D Do not apply at high speeds more than
specified when checking the pressure.
NOTE:
Wipe any spilled oil off the engine.
*****************************************************
YP******
TRANSMISSION OIL REPLACEMENT
NOTE:
Make sure the scooter is upright when replacing
the oil.
1. Stand the scooter on a level surface.
2. Start the engine for several minutes to
warm it up and then stop.
3. Place an oil pan under the crankcase.
4. Remove:
D Oil filler cap
D Drain bolt 1
Drain the oil.
5. Tighten:
22 Nm (2.2 mSkg)
D Drain bolt
6. Fill:
D Crankcase
Recommended oil:
SAE 10W30 motor oil
Oil quantity:
0.25 L
CAUTION:
Wipe any spilled oil off the tire or the wheel.
3-18
TRANSMISSION OIL REPLACEMENT/
EXHAUST SYSTEM INSPECTION/AIR FILTER CLEANING
INSP
ADJ
7. Install:
D Oil filler cap 1
D O-ring 2
8. Start the engine for several minutes to
warm it up and check for the oil leakage.
YP*****
EXHAUST SYSTEM INSPECTION
1. Remove:
D Side panels
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section.
2. Inspect:
20 Nm (2.0 mSkg)
D Nut 1 (exhaust pipe)
Loose/Damage Tighten/replace.
D Gasket (exhaust pipe)
Exhaust gas leaks Tighten/replace.
3. Inspect:
53 Nm (5.3 mSkg)
D Bolt 2 (muffler)
D Connecting bolt 3 (muffler)
20 Nm (2.0 mSkg)
Loose/Damage Tighten/replace.
YP303123
AIR FILTER CLEANING
1. Remove:
D Side panels
D Air filter case cover
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section.
2. Remove:
D Air filter element 1
CAUTION:
Never operate the engine without the air filter element installed. Unfiltered air will
cause rapid wear of engine parts and may
damage the engine. Operating the engine
without the filter element will also affect the
carburetor tuning, leading to poor engine
performance and possible overheating.
3-19
AIR FILTER CLEANING/
CRANKCASE FILTER CLEANING
INSP
ADJ
3. Inspect:
D Air filter element
Damaged Replace.
4. Clean:
D Air filter element 1
Use solvent to clean the element
NOTE:
After cleaning, remove the remaining solvent by
squeezing the element.
CAUTION:
Do not twist the element when squeezing
the element.
5. Apply the recommended oil to the entire
surface of the filter and squeeze out the excess oil. The element should be wet but not
dripping.
Recommended oil:
Engine oil
Never use low flash point solvents such as
gasoline to clean the air filter element. Such
solvents may cause a fire or an explosion.
6. Install:
D Air filter element
7 Nm (0.7 mSkg)
D Air filter case cover
D Side panels
Refer to “ENGINE REMOVAL” section in
chapter 4.
YP******
CRANKCASE FILTER CLEANING
1. Remove:
D Crankcase filter cover 1
D Crankcase filter cover seal
D Crankcase filter element 2
NOTE:
When installing the element in its case, besure
its sealing surface matches the sealing surface
of the case so there is no air leak.
2. Inspect:
D Crankcase filter element
Damaged Replace.
3-20
CRANKCASE FILTER CLEANING/
COOLANT LEVEL INSPECTION
INSP
ADJ
CAUTION:
This element is a dry type.
Be careful not to stain with grease or water.
3. Clean:
D Crankcase filter element 1
Blow out the dust in the element from the
outer surface using compressed air.
4. Install:
D Crankcase filter element
D Crankcase filter cover seal
7 Nm (0.7 mSkg)
D Crankcase filter cover
YP303170
COOLANT LEVEL INSPECTION
NOTE:
Make sure the scooter is upright when inspecting the coolant level.
1. Stand the scooter on a level surface.
2. Stand the scooter on its centerstand.
3. Inspect:
D Coolant level
Coolant level should be between the
maximum a and minimum b marks
Coolant level is below the “LOWER” level
line Add soft water (tap water) up to
the proper level.
CAUTION:
Hard water or salt water is harmful to engine
parts. Use only distilled water if soft water is
not available. If you use tap water, make sure
it is soft water.
4. Start the engine and let it warm up for several minutes.
5. Turn off the engine and inspect the coolant
level again.
NOTE:
Wait a few minutes until the coolant settles before inspecting the coolant level.
3-21
COOLANT REPLACEMENT
INSP
ADJ
YP303180
COOLANT REPLACEMENT
1. Remove:
Side panels
Fuel tank
Refer to the “COVERS AND PANEL”
section.
2. Remove:
Hose 1 (reservoir tank)
Drain the reservoir tank of its coolant.
3. Remove:
Drain bolt 1
Radiator cap
Open the front trunk, remove the cover,
slowly loosen to remove the radiator cap
and drain the coolant.
Do not remove the radiator cap when the engine and radiator are hot. Scalding hot fluid
and steam may be blown out under pressure, which could cause serious injury.
When the engine has cooled, open the radiator cap as follows:
Place a thick rag or a towel over the radiator
cap. Slowly rotate the cap counterclockwise
toward the detent. This allows any residual
pressure to escape. When the hissing sound
has stopped, press down on the cap while
turning counterclockwise and remove it.
NOTE:
Remove the radiator cap after removing the
drain bolt.
Place the scooter upright on a level surface
when draining the coolant completely.
4. Clean:
Radiator
Fill soft water into the filler neck support
1 (reservoir tank).
3-22
COOLANT REPLACEMENT
5. Install:
D Gasket 1
D Drain bolt 2
INSP
ADJ
10 Nm (1.0 mSkg)
6. Loosen:
D Screw 1 (carburetor bleed)
7. Connect:
D Hose (reservoir tank)
8. Fill:
D Radiator
(to specified level 1 )
Fill the coolant slowly, until the coolant
comes out from the carburetor drain
pipe.
D Reservoir tank
(to maximum level a )
Recommended coolant:
High quality ethylene glycol
anti-freeze containing
corrosion inhibitors for
aluminium engine.
Coolant 2 and water 3 (soft
water):
Mixed ratio: 50%/50%
Total amount:
1.4 L
Reservoir tank capacity:
0.35 L
*****************************************************
Handling notes for coolant:
Coolant is potentially harmful and should be
handled with special care.
3-23
COOLANT REPLACEMENT
INSP
ADJ
If coolant splashes in your eyes:
thoroughly wash your eyes with water
and consult a doctor.
If coolant splashes on your clothes:
quickly wash it away with water and then
with soap and water.
If coolant is swallowed:
quickly make the person who has swallowed it vomit and then take him to a doctor.
*****************************************************
CAUTION:
Hard water or salt water is harmful to engine parts. Use only distilled water if soft
water is not available.
If you use tap water, make sure it is soft
water.
Do not use water containing impurities or
oil.
Take care that no coolant splashes onto
painted surfaces. If it does, wash them
straightaway with water.
Do not mix different types of ethylene glycol antifreeze containing corrosion inhibitors for aluminum engines.
9. Tighten:
Screw (carburetor bleed)
Fill the coolant slowly to the specified level.
10. Install:
Radiator cap
11. Start the engine and let it warm up for several minutes.
12. Stop the engine and inspect the level.
Refer to “COOLANT LEVEL INSPECTION”
section.
NOTE:
Wait a few minutes until the coolant settles before inspecting the coolant level.
13. Install:
Fuel tank
Side panels
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section.
3-24
COOLING SYSTEM INSPECTION
INSP
ADJ
YP303190
COOLING SYSTEM INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
Radiator 1
Filler hose (radiator) 2
Outlet hose (radiator) 3
Pipe
Outlet hose (radiator) 4
Cracks/Damage Replace.
Refer to “COOLING SYSTEM” section in
chapter 5.
3-25
FRONT BRAKE ADJUSTMENT
INSP
ADJ
EB304002
CHASSIS
FRONT BRAKE ADJUSTMENT
1. Check:
Brake lever free play a
Out of specification Adjust.
Free play (brake lever):
2 5 mm (at brake lever end)
2. Adjust:
Brake lever free play
*****************************************************
Adjustment steps:
Loosen the locknut 2 .
Turn the adjuster 3 in or out until the specified free play is obtained.
Turning in Free play is decreased.
Turning out Free play is increased.
Tighten the locknut.
CAUTION:
Make sure that there is no brake drag after
adjusting the front brake lever free play.
A soft or spongy feeling in the brake lever
can indicate the presence of air in the brake
system. This air must be removed by bleeding the brake system before the motorcycle
is operated. Air in the brake system will considerably reduce braking performance and
could result in loss of control and possibly
an accident. Inspect and bleed the brake
system if necessary.
***************************************************
3-26
BRAKE FLUID LEVEL INSPECTION
INSP
ADJ
YP304020
BRAKE FLUID LEVEL INSPECTION
1. Stand the scooter on a level surface.
NOTE:
Make sure the scooter is upright when inspecting the brake fluid level.
2. Stand the scooter on its centerstand.
3. Inspect:
Brake fluid level
Brake fluid level is below the “LOWER”
level line a Fill to proper level.
Recommended brake fluid:
DOT#4
NOTE:
For a correct reading of the brake fluid level,
make sure the top of the handlebar brake
fluid reservoir is horizontal.
If DOT#4 is not available, DOT#3 can be
used.
CAUTION:
Brake fluid may corrode painted surfaces or
plastic parts. Always clean up any split fluid immediately.
Use only the designated brake fluid. Other
fluids may deteriorate the rubber seals,
causing leakage and poor brake performance.
Refill with the same type of fluid. Mixing
fluids may result in a harmful chemical
reaction leading to poor brake performance.
Be careful that water does not enter the
brake fluid reservoir during refilling. Water will significantly lower the boiling
point of the fluid and may cause vapor
lock.
3-27
BRAKE PAD INSPECTION/
AIR BLEEDING (HYDRAULIC BRAKE SYSTEM)
INSP
ADJ
YP304030
BRAKE PAD INSPECTION
1. Operate the brake lever.
2. Inspect:
Brake pad (front)
Wear indicators 1 almost touch the
brake disc Replace the brake pads as
a set.
Refer to “FRONT AND REAR BRAKE” in
CHAPTER 7.
YP304070
AIR BLEEDING
(HYDRAULIC BRAKE SYSTEM)
Bleed the brake system whenever:
The system is disassembled
A brake hose is loosened or removed
The brake fluid level is very low
Brake operation is faulty
Loss of braking performance may occur if
the brake system is not properly bled.
1. Bleed:
Brake system
*****************************************************
Air bleeding steps:
a. Fill the reservoir with the proper brake fluid.
b. Install the diaphragm. Be careful not to spill
any fluid or allow the reservoir to overflow.
c. Connect a clear plastic hose 1 tightly to the
caliper bleed screw 2 .
d. Place the other end of the hose into a container.
e. Slowly apply the brake lever several times.
f. Pull the lever in. Hold the lever in position.
g. Loosen the bleed screw and allow the lever
to travel towards its limit.
h. Tighten the bleed screw when the lever limit
has been reached, then release the lever.
i. Repeat steps (e) to (h) until all air bubbles
have disappeared from the brake fluid.
3-28
AIR BLEEDING (HYDRAULIC BRAKE SYSTEM)/
REAR BRAKE ADJUSTMENT
INSP
ADJ
NOTE:
When bleeding the brake system, make sure
that there is always enough brake fluid in the
brake fluid reservoir before applying the brake
lever. Ignoring this precaution could allow air to
enter the brake system, considerably lengthening the bleeding procedure.
j.
Tighten the bleed screw.
6 Nm (0.6 mSkg)
D Bleed screw
NOTE:
If bleeding is difficult, it may be necessary to let
the brake fluid settle for a few hours. Repeat the
bleeding procedure when the tiny bubbles in the
brake system have disappeared.
k.
Fill the brake fluid reservoir to the proper
level.
Refer to “BRAKE FLUID LEVEL INSPECTION”.
Check brake operation after bleeding the brake
system.
*****************************************************
YP******
REAR BRAKE ADJUSTMENT
1. Check:
D Brake lever free play 1 (rear)
Out of specification Adjust.
Free play:
10 20 mm
2. Adjust:
D Brake lever free play
*****************************************************
Adjustment steps:
Handlebar side:
D Loosen the locknut (s) 1 .
D Turn the adjuster (s) 2 in or out until the specified free play is obtained.
Turning in Free play is increased.
Turning out Free play is decreased.
3-29
REAR BRAKE ADJUSTMENT/
BRAKE SHOE INSPECTION/STEERING HEAD INSPECTION
INSP
ADJ
Tighten the locknut (s).
Rear wheel side:
Turn the adjuster 3 in or out until the specified free play is obtained.
Turning in Free play is decreased.
Turning out Free play is increased.
CAUTION:
Make sure that the brake does not drag after
adjusting it.
*****************************************************
YP304040
BRAKE SHOE INSPECTION
1. Operate the brake lever.
2. Inspect:
Brake shoes
Wear indicator 1 reaches the wear limit
line 2 Replace the brake shoes as a
set.
Refer to “REAR WHEEL” in CHAPTER
6.
YP304130
STEERING HEAD INSPECTION
Securely support the scooter so that there is no
danger of it falling over.
1. Stand the scooter on a level surface.
NOTE:
Stand the scooter on its centerstand.
2. Elevate the front wheel by placing a suitable stand under the engine.
3. Check:
Steering assembly bearings
Grasp the bottom of the lower front fork
tubes and gently rock the fork assembly.
Looseness Adjust the steering head.
4. Remove:
Handlebar cover
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section.
Handlebar
Refer to “HANDLEBAR” section in chapter 7.
3-30
STEERING HEAD INSPECTION
INSP
ADJ
5. Remove:
D Handlebar lower holder
D Woodruff key
Refer to “STEERING” section in chapter
7.
6. Adjust:
D Steering head
*****************************************************
Adjustment steps:
D Remove the ring nut (upper) 1 , lock washer
2 , the ring nut (center) 3 and the rubber
washer.
D Loosen the ring nut 4 (lower).
D Tighten the ring nut (lower) using the ring nut
38 Nm (3.8 mSkg)
wrench 5 .
NOTE:
Set the torque wrench at right angles to the ring
nut wrench.
Ring nut wrench:
90890-01403
D Loosen the ring nut (lower) 4 completely,
then tighten it to specification.
22 Nm (2.2 mSkg)
Do not overtighten.
D Check the steering head for looseness or
binding by turning it all the way in both directions. If it binds, remove the steering stem assembly and inspect the steering bearings.
Refer to “STEERING HEAD” in CHAPTER 7.
D Install the rubber washer.
D Install the ring nut (center) 2 .
D Finger tighten the ring nut (center), then align
the slots of both ring nuts. If necessary, hold
the ring nut (lower) 1 and tighten the ring nut
(center) 2 until their slots are aligned.
3-31
STEERING HEAD INSPECTION/
FRONT FORK INSPECTION
INSP
ADJ
D Install the lock washer 1 .
NOTE:
Make sure the lock washer tabs sit correctly in
the ring nut slots.
D Hold the ring nut (under and center), using
the exhaust and ring nut wrench, and tighten
the ring nut (upper) using the ring nut wrench.
75 Nm (7.5 mSkg)
Exhaust and ring nut wrench:
90890-01268
*****************************************************
8. Install:
D Woodruff key
D Handlebar lower holder
Refer to “STEERING” section in CHAPTER 7.
D Handlebar
Refer to “HANDLEBER” section in
CHAPTER 7.
9. Install:
D Handlebar cover
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section.
YP304140
FRONT FORK INSPECTION
Securely support the scooter so that there is no
danger of it falling over.
1. Stand the scooter on a level surface.
2. Check:
D Inner tube
Scratches/damage Replace.
D Oil seal
Excessive oil leakage Replace.
Hold the scooter upright and apply the
front brake.
3. Check:
D Operation
Push down hard on the handlebars several times.
Unsmooth operation Repair.
Refer to “FRONT FORK” in CHAPTER 7.
3-32
SWINGARM INSPECTION/
REAR SHOCK ABSORBER INSPECTION/
REAR SHOCK ABSORBER ADJUSTMENT
INSP
ADJ
YP*****
SWINGARM INSPECTION
Securely support the scooter so there is no
danger of it falling over.
1. Place the scooter on the level place.
2. Check:
D Operation
Grasp the end of the swingarm and gently rock the swingarm assembly back and
forth.
Unsmooth operation Repair.
Refer to “REAR SHOCK ABSORBER
AND SWINGARM” section in CHAPTER
7.
YP******
REAR SHOCK ABSORBER INSPECTION
1. Remove:
D Side panel
D Fuel tank
D Box
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section.
2. Check:
D Rear shock absorber mount
Looseness Tighten.
40 Nm (4.0 mSkg)
Bolt (upper) 1
16 Nm (1.6 mSkg)
Bolt (lower) 2
Refer to “REAR SHOCK ABSORBER
AND SWINGARM” section in chapter 7.
YP304160
REAR SHOCK ABSORBER ADJUSTMENT
D Always adjust each rear shock absorber
preload to the same setting. Uneven adjustment can cause poor handling and
loss of stability.
D Securely support the scooter so there is
no danger of it falling over.
1. Adjust:
D Spring preload
Turn the adjuster ring 1 to direction a
or b .
NOTE:
Use the special wrench included in the owner’s
tool kit to adjust the spring preload.
3-33
REAR SHOCK ABSORBER ADJUSTMENT/
TIRE INSPECTION
INSP
ADJ
*****************************************************
Adjustment steps:
Turn the adjuster ring in or out.
Turning toward a Spring preload is
increased.
Turning toward b Spring preload is
decreased.
Hard
Adjusting
position:
5
4
Standard
3
Soft
2
1
CAUTION:
Never turn the adjuster beyond the maximum
or minimum setting.
Always adjust each shock absorber to the
same setting.
*****************************************************
EB304171
TIRE INSPECTION
1. Measure:
Tire inflation pressure
Out of specification Adjust.
Tire inflation pressure should only be
checked and adjusted when the tire temperature equals the ambient air temperature. Tire inflation pressure and suspension must be adjusted according to the
total weight of the cargo, rider, passenger
and accessories (fairing, saddlebags, etc.
if approved for this model), and according
to whether the scooter will be operated at
high speed or not.
NEVER OVERLOAD THE SCOOTER.
Operation of an overloaded scooter could
cause tire damage, accident or injury.
3-34
TIRE INSPECTION
INSP
ADJ
Basic weight:
With oil and
full fuel tank
158 kg
Maximum load*
197 kg
Cold tire pressure
Up to 90 kg load*
Front
Rear
175 kPa
200 kPa
(1.75 kg/cm2, 1.75 bar) (2.0 kg / cm2, 2.0 bar)
90 kg maximum. load*
(2.0 kg / cm2, 2.0 bar) (2.25 kg/cm2, 2.25 bar)
High speed
riding
(2.0 kg / cm2, 2.0 bar) (2.50 kg/cm2, 2.50 bar)
200 kPa
200 kPa
225 kPa
250 kPa
* Load is the total weight of the cargo, rider,
passenger and accessories.
2. Inspect:
Tire surfaces
Wear/damage Replace.
Minimum tire tread depth
(front and rear):
1.6 mm
1 Tread depth
2 Side wall
3 Wear indicator
It is dangerous to ride with a worn-out tire.
When the tire tread begins to show signs
of wear, replace the tire immediately.
Do not use tubeless tires on a wheel designed for tube type tires only. Tire failure
and personal injury may result from sudden deflation.
Tube type wheel Tube type tire only
Tubeless type wheel Tube type or
tubeless tire.
Be sure to install the correct tube when
using tube type tires.
After extensive tests, the tires listed below have been approved by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd. for this model. No guarantee
concerning handling characteristics can
be given if a tire combination other than
one approved by Yamaha is used on this
scooter. The front and rear tires should
always be by the same manufacturer and
of the same design.
3-35
TIRE INSPECTION/WHEEL INSPECTION
INSP
ADJ
FRONT:
Manufacture
Size
Type
IRC
110 / 90-12 64J
MB61
CHENG SHIN
110 / 90-12 64J
C922
Manufacture
Size
Type
IRC
130 / 70-12 62L
MB61
CHENG SHIN
130 / 70-12 62L
C940
REAR:
After mounting a tire, ride conservatively for
a while to give the tire time to seat itself
properly in the rim. Failure to do so could
lead to an accident with possible injury to
the rider or damage to the scooter.
2. After a tire repair or replacement, besure to
tighten the valve stem locknut 1 to specification.
EB304180
WHEEL INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
Wheels
Damage/Bends Replace.
NOTE:
Always balance the wheel when a tire or wheel
has been changed or replaced.
Never attempt to make any repairs to the
wheel.
3-36
BATTERY INSPECTION
INSP
ADJ
YP305000
ELECTRICAL
BATTERY INSPECTION
NOTE:
Since the MF battery is a sealed type battery, it
is not possible to measure the specific gravity of
the electrolyte in order to check the charge state
of the battery. Therefore the charge of the battery has to be checked by measuring the voltage at the battery terminals.
CAUTION:
CHARGING METHOD
This is a sealed type battery. Never remove the sealing caps. If the sealing caps
have been removed, the balance will not
be maintained and battery performance
will deteriorate.
Charging time, charging current and
charging voltage for the MF battery are
different from those of batterie of general
type.
The MF battery should be charged as explained in “CHARGING METHOD”. if the
battery is overcharged, the electrolyte
level will drop considerably. Therefore,
take special care when charging the battery.
Battery electrolyte is dangerous; it contains
sulfuric acid which is poisonous and highly
caustic.
Always follow these preventive measures:
Avoid bodily contact with electrolyte as it
can cause severe burns or permanent eye
injury.
Wear protective eye gear when handling
or working near batteries.
Antidote (EXTERNAL):
SKIN-Flush with water.
EYES-Flush with water for 15 minutes and
get immediate medical attention.
Antidote (INTERNAL):
Drink large quantities of water or milk followed with milk of magnesia, beaten egg
or vegetable oil. Get immediate medical
attention.
3-37
BATTERY INSPECTION
INSP
ADJ
D Batteries generate explosive hydrogen
gas. Always follow the following preventive measures:
D Charge batteries in a well-ventilated area.
D Keep batteries away from fire, sparks or
open flames (e.g., welding equipment,
lighted cigarettes, etc.)
D DO NOT SMOKE when charging or handling batteries.
KEEP BATTERIES AND ELECTROLYTE OUT
OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
1. Remove:
D Mat (right)
D Cover (battery case)
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section.
2. Disconnect:
D Battery leads
CAUTION:
Disconnect the negative lead 1 first and
then disconnect the positive lead 2 .
3. Remove:
D Battery
4. Check:
D Battery condition
*****************************************************
Battery condition checking steps:
D Connect a digital voltmeter to the battery terminals.
Volt meter
Tester (+) lead Battery (+) terminal
Tester (-) lead Battery (-) terminal
NOTE:
The charge state of an MF battery can be
checked by measuring the open-circuit voltage
(i.e. the voltage when the positive terminal is
disconnected).
Open-circuit voltage
Relationship between open-circuit
voltage and charging time at 20_C
(68_F)
Hours
Charging time
*This varies depending on the temperature, the state of
charge in battery plates and the electrolyte level.
3-38
Open circuit voltage
Charging time
12.8 V or more
No charging is necessary.
BATTERY INSPECTION
D Check the condition of the battery using the
charts.
Example:
Open-circuit voltage = 12.0 V
Charging time = 6.5 hours
Charge condition of the battery = 20 30%
Ambient
temperature
20_C (68_F)
Open-circuit voltage (V)
INSP
ADJ
*****************************************************
5. Charging method for MF batteries
Condition of charge in battery (%)
CAUTION:
Ambient temperature
20_C (68_F)
D If it is impossible to set the standard
charging current, be careful not to overcharge.
D When charging the battery, be sure to remove it from the motorcycle. (If charging
has to be done with the battery mounted
on the motorcycle, be sure to disconnect
the wire at the negative terminal.)
D Never remove the sealing caps of an MF
battery.
D Make sure that the charging clips are in
full contact with the terminal and that they
are not shorted together. (A corroded clip
on the charger may cause the battery to
generate heat in the contact area. A weak
clip spring may cause sparks.)
D Before removing the clips from the battery terminals, be sure to turn off the charger’s power switch.
D The open-circuit voltage variation for the
MF battery after charging is shown below.
As shown in the figure, the open-circuit
voltage stabilizes about 30 minutes after
charging has been completed.
D Therefore, wait 30 minutes after charging
is completed before measuring the opencircuit voltage.
Open-circuit voltage (V)
Charging
Time (Minutes)
Check the Open-circuit voltage
3-39
BATTERY INSPECTION
INSP
ADJ
Charging method using a variable-current (voltage) type charger
Charger
AMP meter
Measure the open-circuit
voltage prior to charging.
Connect a charger and
AMP meter to the battery,
and start charging.
YES
Make sure the current is
higher than the standard
charging current written on
the battery.
NOTE:
Voltage should be measured 30 minutes after the machine is stopped.
NOTE:
Set the changing voltage at 16 17 V.
(If the setting is lower, charging will be
insufficient. If too high, the battery will
be over-charged.)
NO
By turning the charging voltage
adjust dial, set the charging
voltage at 20 25 V.
Adjust the voltage so that current is at standard charging
level.
YES
Monitor the amperage for 3 5 minutes to check if the standard charging current is
reached.
NO
Set the timer according to the
charging time suitable for the
open-circuit voltage. Refer to
the “Battery condition checking steps” section.
If current does not
exceed standard
charging current
after 5 minutes, replace the battery.
In case that charging requires more than 5 hours, it is advisable to
check the charging current after a lapse of 5 hours. If there is any
change in the amperage, readjust the voltage to obtain the standard
charging current.
Measure the battery open-circuit voltage after having left the battery
unused for more than 30 minutes.
12.8 V or more-Charging is complete.
12.7 V or less-Recharging is required.
Under 12.0 V-Replace the battery.
3-40
INSP
ADJ
BATTERY INSPECTION
Charging method using a constant-voltage type charger
Measure the open-circuit
voltage prior to charging.
NOTE:
Voltage should be measured 30 minutes after the machine is stopped.
Connect a charger and
AMP meter to the battery,
and start charging.
YES
Make sure the current is
higher than the standard
charging current written on
the battery.
Charge the battery until the battery’s
charging voltage is 15 volts.
NO
This type of battery charger cannot
charge the MF battery. A variable voltage charger is recommended.
NOTE:
Set the charging time at 20 hours (maximum).
Check the open-circuit voltage after
having left the battery for 30 minutes
after charging.
12.8 V or more-Charging is complete.
12.7 V or less-Recharging is necessary.
Under 12 V-Replace the battery.
Charger
AMP meter
Voltmeter
Charging method using a constant-current type charger
This type charger cannot charge the MF battery.
3-41
BATTERY INSPECTION/FUSE INSPECTION
INSP
ADJ
6. Inspect:
Battery terminals
Dirty terminal Clean with wire brush.
Poor connection Correct.
NOTE:
After cleaning the terminals, grease them lightly.
7. Install:
Battery
8. Connect:
Battery leads
CAUTION:
Connect the positive lead first and then connect
the negative lead.
9. Install:
Cover (battery case)
Mat (right)
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section.
YP305010
FUSE INSPECTION
CAUTION:
Always turn off the main switch when checking
or replacing the fuse. Otherwise, a short circuit
may occur.
1. Remove:
Mat (right)
Cover (battery case)
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section.
2. Inspect:
Fuse
*****************************************************
Inspection steps:
Connect the Pocket tester to the fuse and
check it for continuity.
NOTE:
Set the tester selector to “Ω
1” position.
Pocket tester:
90890-03112
If the tester is indicated at ∞. Replace the
fuse.
*****************************************************
3-42
FUSE INSPECTION/HEADLIGHT BEAM ADJUSTMENT
INSP
ADJ
3. Replace:
Blown fuse
*****************************************************
Replacement steps:
Turn off the main switch.
Install a new fuse with the proper current rating.
Turn on switches to verify operation of related
electrical devices.
If the fuse blows again immediately, check
the electrical circuit.
Never use a fuse with a rating other than that
specified. Never use other materials in place
of a fuse. An improper fuse may cause extensive damage to the electrical system,
malfunction of lighting and ignition systems
and could possibly cause a fire.
*****************************************************
4. Install:
Side panel
Panels
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section.
EB305022
HEADLIGHT BEAM ADJUSTMENT
1. Adjust
Headlight beam (vertical)
Turn the adjuster 1 in or out.
Turning in Headlight beam moves
lower.
Turning out Headlight beam moves
higher.
2. Adjust:
Headlight beam (horizontal)
Turn the adjuster 2 in or out.
Turning in Headlight beam moves
right.
Turning out headlight beam moves
left.
3-43
INSP
ADJ
CHAPTER 4.
ENGINE
ENGINE OVERHAUL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WIREHARNESS AND CABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOSES, AIR FILTER CASE, ENGINE MOUNTING BOLT
AND ENGINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ENGINE REMOUNTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CYLINDER HEAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CYLINDER HEAD REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CYLINDER HEAD INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CYLINDER HEAD INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CAMSHAFT AND ROCKER ARMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CAMSHAFT AND ROCKER ARM SHAFT REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . .
CAMSHAFT INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CAMSHAFT AND ROCKER ARM SHAFT INSPECTION . . . . . . . . .
CAMSHAFT AND ROCKER ARM INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VALVE SEAT INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CYLINDER AND PISTON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PISTON AND PISTONRINGS REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CYLINDER INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PISTON AND PISTON PIN INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PISTON RINGS INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PISTON RINGS, PISTON AND CYLINDER INSTALLATION . . . . . .
V BELT, CLUTCH AND SECONDARY/PRIMARY SHEAVE . . . . . . . . .
CRANKCASE FILTER COVER AND CRANKCASE
COVER (LEFT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
V BELT, CLUTCH AND SECONDARY/PRIMARY SHEAVE . . . . . . .
SECONDARY SHEAVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PRIMARY SHEAVE REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECONDARY SHEAVE AND V BELT REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECONDARY SHEAVE DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CLUTCH INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
V BELT INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WEIGHT INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECONDARY SHEAVE INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PRIMARY SHEAVE ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECONDARY SHEAVE INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A.C. MAGNETO AND STARTER CLUTCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MAGNETO COVER AND STATOR COIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A.C. MAGNETO AND STARTER CLUTCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A.C. MAGNETO AND ROTER REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STARTER DRIVE GEAR INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A.C. MAGNETO AND ROTER INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1
4-1
4-3
4-4
4-5
4-7
4-7
4-8
4-11
4-12
4-12
4-13
4-13
4-15
4-16
4-16
4-17
4-19
4-21
4-22
4-22
4-23
4-24
4-25
4-27
4-27
4-28
4-30
4-31
4-31
4-32
4-32
4-33
4-33
4-33
4-34
4-34
4-37
4-37
4-38
4-39
4-40
4-40
OIL PUMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OIL PUMP INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TRANSMISSION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CRANKCASE AND CRANKSHAFT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CRANKSHAFT REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CRANKSHAFT INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CRANKSHAFT INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-42
4-43
4-44
4-46
4-48
4-48
4-49
ENGINE REMOVAL
ENG
EB400000
ENGINE OVERHAUL
ENGINE REMOVAL
WIREHARNESS, CABLE
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
7 Nm (0.7 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Wireharness and cables
removal
Side panel
Footrest board
Fuel tank
Drain the coolant.
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL”
section in CHAPTER 3.
Refer to “COOLANT REPLACEMENT”
section in CHAPTER 3.
Refer to “CARBURETOR” section in
CHAPTER 6.
Carburetor
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Remarks
Spark plug cap
Thermo unit lead
Startor coil/Pick up coil lead
Starting motor lead
Earth lead
Adjuster
Brake cable
1
1
1/1
1
1
1
1
4-1
ENGINE REMOVAL
ENG
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
7 Nm (0.7 mkg)
Order
8
9
10
11
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Pin
Compression spring
Cable holder
Cable holder
Remarks
1
1
1
1
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
4-2
ENGINE REMOVAL
ENG
HOSES, AIR FILTER CASE, ENGINE MOUNTING BOLT AND ENGINE
7 Nm (0.7 mkg)
32 Nm (3.2 mkg)
19 Nm (1.9 mkg)
64 Nm (6.4 mkg)
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Job name/Part name
Hoses, air filter, engine mounting
bolt and engine removal
Vacuum hose
Crankcase breather hose
Inlet hose (water pump)
Outlet hose (cylinder head)
Air filter case assembly
Bolt
Self locknut/Plane washer
Bolt
Bolt/Plane washer/Rod assembly
Engine
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
1
1
1
1
1
2
(Rear shock absorber – lower)
1/1
Refer to “ENGINE REMOUNTING”
1
1/2/1 section.
1
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
4-3
ENGINE REMOVAL
ENG
YP******
ENGINE REMOUNTING
When remounting the engine, reverse the removal procedure in job instruction chart.
Note the following points:
1. Install:
Engine 1
Plane washer 2
Rod 3
NOTE:
Temporarily install the rod and engine, and then
tighten the bolts and nuts to specifications.
2. Tighten:
64 Nm (6.4 mkg)
Bolt 1
Self locknut (engine and swingarm) 2
32 Nm (3.2 mkg)
4-4
CYLINDER HEAD
ENG
CYLINDER HEAD
22 Nm (2.2 mkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
60 Nm (6.0 mkg)
8 Nm (0.8 mkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Cylinder head removal
Drain the coolant.
Side panel
Footrest board
Fuel tank
Carburetor
Thermo unit lead
Plug cap
Crankcase breather hose
Outlet hose (cylinder head)
Vacuum hose
Breather hose (crankcase)
Carburetor joint
Joint
O-ring
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order.
Refer to the “COVER AND PANELS”
section in CHAPTER 3.
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
2
4-5
Refer to “CARBURETOR” section in
CHAPTER 6.
CYLINDER HEAD
22 Nm (2.2 mkg)
ENG
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
60 Nm (6.0 mkg)
8 Nm (0.8 mkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
Order
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
Job name/Part name
Crankcase filter cover/seal/element
Plug/O-ring
Cam sprocket cover/O-ring
Valve cover (intake side)/O-ring
Valve cover (exhaust side)/O-ring
Timing chain tensioner assembly
Timing chain tensioner gasket
Breather plate
Cam sprocket/Timing chain
Cylinder head
Cylinder head gasket
Dowel pin
Q’ty
1/1/1
1/1
1/1
1/1
1/1
1
1
1
1/1
1
1
2
Remarks
Refer to “CYLINDER HEAD REMOVAL
AND INSTALLATION” section.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
4-6
CYLINDER HEAD
ENG
YP401030
CYLINDER HEAD REMOVAL
1. Align:
S “I” mark a on the rotor
(with stationary pointer b on the crank
case cover)
NOTE:
Turn the primary sheave counterclockwise with
a wrench and align the “I” mark c with the cylinder head match mark d when the piston is at
TDC on the compression stroke.
2. Loosen:
S Bolt 1
3. Remove:
S Timing chain tensioner assembly
S Timing chain tensioner gasket
4. Remove:
S Breather plate 2
S Cam sprocket 3
S Timing chain 4
NOTE:
D Fasten a safety wire to the timing chain to
prevent it from falling into the crankcase.
D Remove the bolt 1 while holding the rotor
mounting bolt with a wrench.
5. Remove:
S Cylinder head
NOTE:
D Loosen the nuts in their proper loosening sequence.
D Start by loosening each nut 1/2 turn until all
are loose.
YP402000
CYLINDER HEAD INSPECTION
1. Eliminate:
S Carbon deposits
(from combustion chambers)
Use a rounded scraper.
NOTE:
Do not use a sharp instrument to avoid damaging or scratching:
D Spark plug threads
D Valve seats
4-7
CYLINDER HEAD
ENG
2. Inspect:
S Cylinder head
Scratches/damage Replace.
3. Measure:
S Cylinder head warpage
Out of specification Resurface.
Cylinder head warpage:
Less than 0.03 mm
*****************************************************
Warpage measurement and resurfacement
steps:
D Place a straightedge and a feeler gauge
across the cylinder head.
D Measure the warpage.
If the warpage is out of specification, resurface the cylinder head.
D Place a 400 600 grit wet abrasive paper on
the surface plate, and resurface the head using a figure-eight sanding pattern.
NOTE:
Rotate the cylinder head several times for an
even resurfacement.
*****************************************************
YP404190
CYLINDER HEAD INSTALLATION
1. Install:
S Gasket (cylinder head)
S Dowel pins
S Cylinder head
NOTE:
D Apply engine oil onto the nut threads.
D Tighten the nuts in a crisscross pattern.
2. Tighten:
22 Nm (2.2 mSkg)
S Nuts (cylinder head)
10 Nm (1.0 mSkg)
S Bolts (cylinder)
4-8
CYLINDER HEAD
ENG
3. Install:
S Cam sprocket 1
S Timing chain 2
*****************************************************
Installing steps:
D Turn the primary sheave counterclockwise
until the TDC mark a matches the stationary
pointer b .
D Align the “I” mark c on the cam sprocket with
the stationary pointer d on the cylinder
head.
D Fit the timing chain onto cam sprocket and
install the cam sprocket on the camshaft.
NOTE:
D When installing the cam sprocket, keep the
timing chain as tense as possible on the exhaust side.
D Align the match mark c on the cam sprocket
with the stationary pointer d on the cylinder
head.
D Align the pin on the camshaft with the slot in
the cam sprocket.
CAUTION:
Do not turn the crankshaft during installation of the camshaft. Damage or improper
valve timing will result.
D While holding the camshaft, temporarily
tighten the bolts.
D Remove the safety wire from the timing
chain.
*****************************************************
4. Install:
S Breather plate 1
S Plane washer 2
4-9
CYLINDER HEAD
ENG
5. Install:
S Timing chain tensioner
*****************************************************
Installation steps:
D Remove the tensioner cap bolt 1 and
springs 2 .
D Release the timing chain tensioner one-way
cam 3 and push the tensioner rod 4 all the
way in.
D Install the tensioner with a new gasket 5
onto the cylinder.
D Install the springs 2 and cap bolt 1 .
D Tighten the bolt (with gasket) to the specified
torque.
10 Nm (1.0 mSkg)
Bolt (chain tensioner)
Cap bolt (timing chain tensioner)
8 Nm (0.8 mSkg)
*****************************************************
6. Tighten:
60 Nm (6.0 mSkg)
S Bolt (cam sprocket)
7. Check:
S Valve timing
Out of alignment Adjust.
Refer to the above steps 3 5.
8. Check:
S Valve clearance
Out of specification Adjust.
Refer to the “VALVE CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT” section in CHAPTER 3.
4-10
CAMSHAFT AND ROCKER ARMS
ENG
CAMSHAFT AND ROCKER ARMS
14 Nm (1.4 mkg)
8 Nm (0.8 mkg)
14 Nm (1.4 mkg)
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Camshaft and rocker arms
removal
Cylinder head
Lock washer
Plate
Rocker arm shaft (intake)
Rocker arm shaft (exhaust)
Rocker arm
Camshaft
Locknut
Adjuster
O-ring
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “CYLINDER HEAD” section.
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
2
1
Refer to “ROCKER ARM AND
ROCKER SHAFT REMOVAL AND
INSTALLATION” section.
Refer to “CAMSHAFT INSTALLATION”
section.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
4-11
CAMSHAFT AND ROCKER ARMS
ENG
YP******
ROCKER ARM AND ROCKER ARM SHAFT
REMOVAL
1. Remove:
Rocker arm shaft (intake)
Rocker arm shaft (exhaust)
NOTE:
Attach a rocker arm shaft puller bolt 1 and
weight 2 to the rocker arm shaft and slide out
the shaft.
Rocker arm shaft puller bolt:
90890-01085
Weight:
90890-01084
YP402052
CAMSHAFT INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
Cam lobes
Pitting/Scratches/Blue discoloration
Replace.
2. Measure:
Cam lobes length a and b .
Out of specification Replace.
Cam lobes length:
Intake:
a 36.545 36.645 mm
<Limit: 36.45 mm>
b 30.021 30.121 mm
<Limit: 29.92 mm>
Exhaust:
a 36.547 36.647 mm
<Limit: 36.45 mm>
b 30.067 30.167 mm
<Limit: 29.17 mm>
3. Inspect:
Camshaft oil passage
Stuffed Blow out oil passage with compressed the air.
4-12
CAMSHAFT AND ROCKER ARMS
ENG
YP402060
ROCKER ARMS AND ROCKER ARM
SHAFTS INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
S Cam lobe contact surface 1
S Adjuster surface 2
Wear/Pitting/Scratches/Blue
discoloration Replace.
*****************************************************
Inspection steps:
D Inspect the two contact areas on the rocker
arms for signs of unusual wear.
D Rocker arm shaft hole.
D Cam-lobe contact surface.
Excessive wear Replace.
D Inspect the surface condition of the rocker
arm shafts.
Pitting/scratches/blue discoloration Replace or check lubrication.
D Measure the inside diameter a of the rocker
arm holes.
Out of specification Replace.
Inside diameter (rocker arm):
12.000 12.018 mm
<Limit: 12.030 mm>
D Measure the outside diameter b of the rocker
arm shafts.
Out of specification Replace.
Outside diameter
(rocker arm shaft):
11.981 11.991 mm
<Limit: 11.995 mm>
*****************************************************
YP******
CAMSHAFT AND ROCKER ARM
INSTALLATION
1. Lubricate:
S Camshaft 1
Camshaft:
Molybdenum disulfide oil
Camshaft bearing:
Engine oil
4-13
CAMSHAFT AND ROCKER ARMS
ENG
2. Install:
Plate 1
Look washer 2
8 Nm (0.8 mkg)
Bolt 3
NOTE:
Bend the lock washer tabs along the bolt 3
flats.
3. Apply:
Molybdenum disulfide oil
(onto the rocker arm and rocker arm shaft)
Molybdenum disulfide oil
4. Install:
Rocker arm 1
Rocker arm shaft 2 (exhaust)
NOTE:
Exhaust:
Install the rocker arm shaft (exhaust) completely pushed in.
5. Install:
Rocker arm 1
Rocker arm shaft 2 (intake)
NOTE:
Intake:
Insert the guide shaft (8 mm) 3 into the stud
bolt hole on the cylinder head to the rocker arm
shaft (intake).
CAUTION:
Do not confuse the installation direction of
rocker arm shaft. Be sure to install the
threaded part facing outward.
4-14
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
ENG
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Valves and valve springs removal
Cylinder head
Rocker arm, rocker arm shaft
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “CYLINDER HEAD” section.
Refer to “ROCKER ARM SHAFT AND
ROCKER ARMS” section.
1
Valve cotters
4
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Spring retainer
Valve spring (inner)
Valve spring (outer)
Valve (intake)
Valve (exhaust)
Valve guide
Spring seat
2
2
2
1
1
2
2
Refer to “VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
REMOVAL/INSTALLATION” section
Refer to “VALVES AND VALVE
SPRINGS INSTALLATION” section
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
4-15
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
ENG
YP401150
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS REMOVAL
1. Remove:
Valve cotters 1
NOTE:
Attach a valve spring compressor and attachment 2 between the valve spring retainer and
cylinder head to remove the valve cotters.
CAUTION:
Do not compress so much as to avoid damage to the valve spring.
Valve spring compressor:
90890-04019
Attachment:
90890-04108
YP******
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS INSPECTION
1. Measure:
Valve stem diameter
Out of specification Replace.
Valve stem diameter:
Intake:
5.975 5.990 mm
<Limit: 5.94 mm>
Exhaust:
5.960 5.975 mm
<Limit: 5.92 mm>
YP402010
2. Measure:
Runout (valve stem)
Out of specification Replace.
Runout limit:
0.01 mm
YP402030
3. Measure:
Free length (valve spring)
Out of specification Replace.
Valve spring free length:
Inner spring:
38.1 mm
<Limit: 36.1 mm>
Outer spring:
36.93 mm
<Limit: 35.0 mm>
4-16
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
ENG
YP402030
4. Measure:
S Spring tilt
Out of specification Replace.
Spring tilt limit:
1.7 mm (2.5_)
5. Inspect:
S Spring contact face
Wear/Pitting/Scratches Replace.
6. Measure:
S Valve guide inside diameter
Out of specification Replace.
Valve guide inside diameter:
Intake:
6.000 6.012 mm
<Limit: 6.05 mm>
Exhaust:
6.000 6.012 mm
<Limit: 6.05 mm>
YP402010
7. Measure:
Stem-to-guide clearance =
Valve guide inside diameter –
Valve stem diameter
Out of specification Replace the valve
guide.
Stem-to-guide clearance limit:
Intake:
0.08 mm
Exhaust:
0.10 mm
EB402020
VALVE SEATS INSPECTION
1. Eliminate:
S Carbon deposits
(from the valve face and valve seat)
2. Inspect:
S Valve seats
Pitting/wear Reface the valve seat.
4-17
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
ENG
3. Measure:
S Valve seat width a
Out of specification Reface the valve
seat.
Valve seat width:
Intake:
0.9 1.1 mm
<Limit: 1.6 mm>
Exhaust:
0.9 1.1 mm
<Limit: 1.6 mm>
*****************************************************
Measurement steps:
D Apply Mechanic’s blueing dye (Dykem) 1 to
the valve face.
D Install the valve into the cylinder head.
D Press the valve through the valve guide and
onto the valve seat to make a clear pattern.
D Measure the valve seat width. Where the
valve seat and valve face made contact,
blueing will have been removed.
D If the valve seat is too wide, too narrow, or the
seat is not centered, the valve seat must be
replaced.
*****************************************************
EB402020
4. Lap:
S Valve face
S Valve seat
NOTE:
After replacing the valve seat, valve and valve
guide, the valve seat and valve face should be
lapped.
*****************************************************
Lapping steps:
D Apply a coarse lapping compound a to the
valve face.
CAUTION:
Do not let compound enter the gap between
the valve stem and the guide.
D Apply molybdenum disulfide oil to the valve
stem.
D Install the valve into the cylinder head.
4-18
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
ENG
D Turn the valve until the valve face and valve
seat are evenly polished, then clean off all
compound.
NOTE:
For best lapping results, lightly tap the valve
seat while rotating the valve back and forth between your hand.
D Apply a fine lapping compound to the valve
face and repeat the above steps.
NOTE:
Make sure to clean off all compound from the
valve face and valve seat after every lapping
operation.
D Apply Mechanic’s blueing dye (Dykem) b to
the valve face.
D Install the valve into the cylinder head.
D Press the valve through the valve guide and
onto the valve seat to make a clear pattern.
D Measure the valve seat width c again.
*****************************************************
EB404032
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
INSTALLATION
1. Deburr:
S Valve stem end
Use an oil stone to smooth the stem end.
2. Apply:
S Molybdenum disulfide oil
(onto the valve stem 3 and oil seal 2 )
Molybdenum disulfide oil
3. Install:
S Valve spring seat 1
S Valve stem seal 2
S Valve 3
(into the cylinder head)
S Valve spring (inner) 4
S Valve spring (outer) 5
S Spring retainer 6
NOTE:
Install the valve spring with the larger pitch a
facing upwards.
b Smaller pitch
4-19
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
ENG
4. Install:
Valve cotters 1
NOTE:
Install the valve cotters while compressing the
valve spring with a valve spring compressor and
attachment 2 .
Valve spring compressor:
90890-04019
Attachment:
90890-04108
5. Secure the valve cotters onto the valve
stem by tapping lightly with a piece of wood.
CAUTION:
Do not hit so much as to damage the valve.
4-20
CYLINDER AND PISTON
ENG
CYLINDER AND PISTON
Order
Job name/Part name
1
2
3
4
Cylinder and piston removal
Cylinder head
Joint
O-ring
Timing chain guide (exhaust side)
Cylinder
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Dowel pin
Cylinder gasket
Piston pin circlip
Piston pin
Piston
Piston ring (top)
Piston ring (2nd)
Side rail/Spacer
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “CYLINDER HEAD” section.
1
2
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
2/1
Refer to “PISTON RINGS, PISTON
AND CYLINDER INSTALLATION”
section.
Refer to “PISTON AND PISTON
RINGS REMOVAL” section.
Refer to “PISTON RINGS, PISTON
AND CYLINDER INSTALLATION”
section.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
4-21
CYLINDER AND PISTON
ENG
YP******
PISTON AND PISTON RINGS REMOVAL
1. Remove:
S Piston pin circlip 1
S Piston pin 2
S Piston 3
NOTE:
Before removing the piston pin circlip, cover the
crankcase opening with a clean towel or rag to
prevent the circlip from falling into the crankcase cavity.
2. Remove:
S Top ring
S 2nd ring
S Oil ring
NOTE:
When removing the piston ring, open the end
gap of the ring by fingers, and push up the other
side of the ring.
YP402100
CYLINDER INSPECTION
1. Measure:
S Cylinder bore
Out of specification Rebore or replace
NOTE:
D Measure the cylinder bore with a cylinder
bore gauge.
D Measure the cylinder bore in parallel to and at
right angles to the crankshaft. Then, find the
average of the measurements.
Cylinder bore:
69.000 69.005 mm
<Limit: 69.1 mm>
<Defferance limit between A, B
and C: 0.03 mm>
2. Measure:
S Warpage
Out of specification Replace.
Cylinder warpage limit:
0.03 mm
4-22
CYLINDER AND PISTON
ENG
YP******
PISTON AND PISTON PIN INSPECTION
1. Measure:
Piston skirt diameter
Out of specification Replace.
a 5.0 mm from the piston bottom edge
Piston skirt diameter:
68.965 68.980 mm
Oversize (2)
69.5 mm
Oversize (4)
70.0 mm
2. Calculate:
Piston-to-cylinder clearance
Piston-to-cylinder clearance =
Cylinder bore – Piston skirt diameter
Refer to “CYLINDER” section for cylinder
bore measurement.
Out of specification Replace the piston
and piston rings as a set.
Piston-to-cylinder clearance:
0.02 X 0.04 mm
3. Measure:
Piston pin bore diameter
Out of specification Replace.
Piston pin bore diameter:
17.004 17.015 mm
<Limit: 17.045 mm>
4. Measure:
Piston pin outside diameter
Out of specification Replace.
Piston pin outside diameter:
16.991 17.000 mm
<Limit: 16.975 mm>
5. Inspect:
Piston pin
Blue discoloration/groove Clean or replace.
4-23
CYLINDER AND PISTON
ENG
YP402111
PISTON RINGS INSPECTION
1. Measure:
Side clearance
Out of specification Replace the piston
and the piston rings as a set.
NOTE:
Eliminate the carbon deposits from the piston
ring grooves and rings before measuring the
side clearance.
Side clearance (piston ring):
Top ring:
0.04 0.08 mm
<Limit: 0.12 mm>
2nd ring:
0.03 0.07 mm
<Limit: 0.12 mm>
2. Position:
Piston ring
(into the cylinder)
NOTE:
Push the ring with the piston crown so that the
ring will be at a right angle to the cylinder bore.
a 5.0 mm
3. Measure:
End gap
Out of specification Replace.
NOTE:
You cannot measure the end gap on the expander spacer of the oil ring. If the oil ring rails show
excessive gap, replace all three rings.
End gap:
Top ring:
0.15 0.30 mm
<Limit: 0.45 mm>
2nd ring:
0.30 0.45 mm
<Limit: 0.70 mm>
Oil ring:
0.20 0.70 mm
4-24
CYLINDER AND PISTON
ENG
EB404184
PISTON RINGS, PISTON AND CYLINDER
INSTALLATION
1. Install:
S Top ring 1
S 2nd ring 2
S Side rails (oil ring) 3
S Expander spacer (oil ring) 4
NOTE:
D Make sure to install the piston rings so that
the manufactuer’s marks or numbers are located on the upper side of the rings.
D Lubricate pistons and piston rings liberally
with engine oil.
2. Install:
S Piston 1
S Piston pin 2
S Piston pin clip 3
NOTE:
D Apply engine oil onto the piston pins.
D The “” mark a on the piston must face the
exhaust side of the cylinder.
D Before installing the piston pin clip, cover the
crankcase opening with a clean rag to prevent the piston pin clip from falling into the
crankcase.
D Make sure to install each piston in its respective cylinder.
3. Install:
S Gasket (cylinder)
S Dowel pins
4-25
CYLINDER AND PISTON
ENG
4. Position:
S Piston rings
NOTE:
Offset the piston ring end gaps as shown.
a
b
c
d
Top ring end
Oil ring end (lower)
Oil ring end (upper)
2nd ring end
5. Lubricate:
S Piston outer surface
S Piston ring
S Cylinder inner surface
Engine oil
6. Install:
S Cylinder
NOTE:
D Install the cylinder with one hand while compressing the piston rings with the other hand.
D Pass the timing chain and timing chain guide
(exhaust side) through the timing chain cavity.
4-26
V-BELT, CLUTCH AND
SECONDARY/PRIMARY SHEAVE
ENG
V-BELT, CLUTCH AND SECONDARY/PRIMARY SHEAVE
CRANKCASE FILTER COVER AND CRANKCASE COVER (LEFT)
7 Nm (0.7 mkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
7 Nm (0.7 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Crankcase filter cover and
crankcase cover (left)removal
Side panel
1
2
3
4
5
6
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL”
section in CHAPTER 3.
Crankcase filter cover
Crankcase filter cover seal
Crankcase filter element
Crankcase cover protector
Crankcase cover (left)
Crankcase cover gasket
1
1
1
1
1
1
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
4-27
V-BELT, CLUTCH AND
SECONDARY/PRIMARY SHEAVE
ENG
V-BELT, CLUTCH AND SECONDARY/PRIMARY SHEAVE
*Shell BT grease No. 3 (90890-69927)
60 Nm (6.0 mkg)
3 Nm (0.3 mkg)
60 Nm (6.0 mkg)
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Job name/Part name
V-belt, clutch and secondary/
primary sheave removal
Nut/Plain washer
Primary fixed sheave
Nut
Clutch housing
Clutch assembly
V-belt
Primary sliding sheave
Collar
Primary sheave cap
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
1/1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4-28
Refer to “PRIMARY SHEAVE
REMOVAL” section.
Refer to “SECONDARY SHEAVE AND
V-BELT REMOVAL” section.
Refer to “SECONDARY SHEAVE
INSTALLATION” section.
Refer to “PRIMARY SHEAVE
ASSEMBLY” section.
V-BELT, CLUTCH AND
SECONDARY/PRIMARY SHEAVE
ENG
*Shell BT grease No. 3 (90890-69927)
60 Nm (6.0 mkg)
3 Nm (0.3 mkg)
60 Nm (6.0 mkg)
Order
10
11
12
13
14
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Cam
Weight
Slider
Spacer
Oil seal
1
8
4
4
1
Remarks
Refer to “PRIMARY SHEAVE
ASSEMBLY” section.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
4-29
V-BELT, CLUTCH AND
SECONDARY/PRIMARY SHEAVE
ENG
SECONDARY SHEAVE
**Apply BEL-RAY assembly lube
90 Nm (9.0 mkg)
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Secondary sheave disassembly
Nut
Clutch carrier
Clutch shoe spring
Compression spring
Spring seat
Guide pin
Secondary sliding sheave
O-ring
Oil seal
Secondary fixed sheave
Remarks
Disassemble the parts in order.
1
1
3
1
1
4
1
2
2
1
Refer to “SECONDARY SHEAVE
DISASSEMBLY” section.
Refer to “SECONDARY SHEAVE
INSTALLATION” section.
Refer to “SECONDARY SHEAVE
INSTALLATION” section.
Reverse the disassembly procedure
for assembly.
4-30
V-BELT, CLUTCH AND
SECONDARY/PRIMARY SHEAVE
ENG
YP******
PRIMARY SHEAVE REMOVAL
1. Remove:
Nut 1 (primary sheave)
Plate washer
Primary fixed sheave 2
NOTE:
Loosen the nut (primary fixed sheave) while
holding the primary fixed sheave with the rotor
holder 3 .
Rotor holder:
90890-01235
YP******
SECONDARY SHEAVE AND V-BELT
REMOVAL
1. Remove:
Nut 1 (secondary sheave)
Clutch housing 2
NOTE:
Loosen the nut (secondary sheave) while holding the clutch housing with the sheave holder
3.
Sheave holder:
90890-01701
2. Remove:
Nut 1 (clutch carrier)
CAUTION:
Do not remove the nut (clutch carrier) yet.
NOTE:
Loosen the nut (clutch carrier) one turn using
the locknut wrench 3 while holding the clutch
carrier with the rotor holder 2 .
Rotor holder:
90890-01235
Locknut wrench:
90890-01348
4-31
V-BELT, CLUTCH AND
SECONDARY/PRIMARY SHEAVE
ENG
3. Remove:
S Clutch assembly 1
S V-belt 2
NOTE:
Remove the V-belt from the primary sheave
side with clutch assembly.
YP******
SECONDARY SHEAVE DISASSEMBLY
1. Remove:
S Nut 1 (secondary sheave)
NOTE:
Loosen the nut 1 while attaching the clutch
spring compressor 2 and clutch spring holder
arm 3 and release the compressed spring after
removing the nut.
CAUTION:
Use the spacer 4 (ø 30 mm, thickness:
3 mm).
2
Clutch spring holder:
90890-01337
Clutch spring holder arm:
90890-01464
YP******
CLUTCH INSPECTION
1. Measure:
S Clutch shoe thickness
Scratches Glaze using coarse sandpaper.
Wear/Damage Replace
Clutch shoe thickness:
3.0 mm
<Limit: 2.0 mm>
NOTE:
D After using the sandpaper, clean off the polished particles.
D Inspect the other clutch shoes.
D Replace the all three as a set.
4-32
V-BELT, CLUTCH AND
SECONDARY/PRIMARY SHEAVE
ENG
YP******
V-BELT INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
V-belt 1
Cracks/Wear/Scaling/Chipping Replace.
Oil/Grease Check primary sheave and
secondary sheave.
2. Measure:
V-belt width 2
Out of specification Replace
V-belt width:
22.6 mm
<Limit: 21.0 mm>
YP******
WEIGHT INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
Weight minimum outside diameter
Cracks/Wear/Scaling/Chipping Replace.
Out of specification Replace.
Weight out side diameter:
20.0 mm
<Limit: 19.5 mm>
SECONDARY SHEAVE INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
Secondary fixed sheave smooth operation
Secondary sliding sheave smooth operation
Scratches/Damage Replace as a set.
2. Inspect:
Torque cam groove 1
Wear/Damage Replace.
3. Inspect:
Guide pin 2
Wear/Damage Replace.
4-33
V-BELT, CLUTCH AND
SECONDARY/PRIMARY SHEAVE
ENG
YP******
PRIMARY SHEAVE ASSEMBLY
1. Clean:
S Primary sliding sheave face 1
S Primary fixed sheave face 2
S Collar 3
S Weight 4
S Primary sliding sheave cam face 5
NOTE:
Remove any excess grease.
2. Install:
S Weight 1
S Collar 2
NOTE:
D Apply Shell BT grease No. 3 (90890-69927)
to the all of the outside of the weight and
install.
D Apply Shell BT grease No. 3 (90890-69927)
to the inside of the collar.
3. Install:
S Spacer 1
S Slider 2
S Cam 3
S Primary sliding sheave cap.
3 Nm (0.3 mSkg)
SECONDARY SHEAVE INSTALLATION
1. Apply:
S BEL-RAY assembly lube
(to the secondary sliding sheave 1 inner
surface, grease nipple groove, and oil
seals)
S BEL-RAY assembly lube
(to the bearings, oil seals and inner surface of the secondary fixed sheave 2 )
2. Install:
S Secondary sliding sheave 1
NOTE:
Install the secondary sliding sheave 1 using
the oil seal guide 2 to the secondary fixed
sheave 3 .
Oil seal guide:
90890-01384
4-34
V-BELT, CLUTCH AND
SECONDARY/PRIMARY SHEAVE
ENG
3. Install:
Guide pin 1
4. Apply:
BEL-RAY assembly lube
(to the guide pin sliding groove 1 , and
)
and oil seal 2
5. Install:
Secondary sheave complete 1
Compression spring
Clutch carrier 2
NOTE:
Temporarily tighten the nut 5 while attaching
the clutch spring holder 3 and clutch spring
holder arm 4 and compress the spring.
CAUTION:
Use the spacer 6 (ø 30 mm, thickness:
3 mm).
2
Clutch spring holder:
90890-01337
Clutch spring holder arm:
90890-01464
6. Install:
V-belt 1
Clutch assembly 2
NOTE:
Install the V-belt with the clutch assembly to the
primary sheave side.
CAUTION:
Never smear grease to the V-belt, secondary
sheave and clutch.
4-35
V-BELT, CLUTCH AND
SECONDARY/PRIMARY SHEAVE
ENG
7. Install:
Nut 1 (clutch carrier)
90 Nm (9.0 mkg)
NOTE:
Tighten the nut (clutch carrier), using the locknut wrench 3 while holding the clutch carrier
with the rotor holder 2 .
Rotor holder:
90890-01235
Locknut wrench:
90890-01348
8. Install:
Clutch housing 1
Nut 2 (clutch housing)
NOTE:
Tighten the nut (clutch housing), using the
sheave holder 3 .
Sheave holder:
90890-01701
9. Set:
V-belt 1
NOTE:
Move the V-belt to minimum diameter of the primary sheave 1 , maximum diameter of the secondary sheave 2 and make the V-belt tense.
4-36
A.C. MAGNETO AND STARTER CLUTCH
ENG
A.C. MAGNETO AND STARTER CLUTCH
MAGNETO COVER AND STARTOR COIL
7 Nm (0.7 mkg)
20 Nm (2.0 mkg)
7 Nm (0.7 mkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Remove the parts in order.
Magneto cover and startor coil
removal
Drain the engine oil.
Side panels
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Remarks
2
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
Couplers (A.C. magneto lead)
Exhaust pipe
Exhaust pipe gasket
Magneto cover
Gasket (magneto cover)
Dowel pins
Startor coil
Pick up coil
Refer to “ENGINE OIL REPLACEMENT”
section in CHAPTER 3.
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section
in CHAPTER 3.
NOTE:
Disconnect the couplers.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
4-37
A.C. MAGNETO AND STARTER CLUTCH
ENG
A.C. MAGNETO AND STARTER CLUTCH
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
1
A.C. magneto and starter clutch
removal
Rotor
1
2
3
4
5
6
Shaft (idle gear)
Idler gear
Starter one way clutch assembly
Woodruff key
Starter wheel gear
1
1
1
1
1
80 Nm (8.0 mkg)
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
4-38
Refer to “A.C. MAGNETO ROTOR
REMOVAL/INSTALLATION” section.
Refer to “ROTOR INSTALLATION”
section.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
A.C. MAGNETO AND STARTER CLUTCH
ENG
YP401081
A.C. MAGNETO ROTOR REMOVAL
1. Remove:
S Nut 1 (rotor)
S Plain washer 2
NOTE:
D Loosen the nut (rotor) 1 while holding the rotor with a sheave holder 3 .
D Do not allow the sheave holder to touch the
projection on the rotor.
Sheave holder:
90890-01701
2. Remove:
S Rotor 1
S Woodruff key
NOTE:
D Remove the rotor 2 using the flywheel puller.
D Center the flywheel puller over the rotor.
Make sure after installing the holding bolts
that the clearance between the flywheel puller and the rotor is the same everywhere. If
necessary, one holding bolt maybe turned
out slightly to adjust the flywheel puller’s
position.
CAUTION:
Cover the crankshaft end with the box
wrench for protection.
Flywheel puller:
90890-01362
4-39
A.C. MAGNETO AND STARTER CLUTCH
ENG
YP402163
STARTER DRIVE GEAR INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
S Starter idle gear teeth
S Starter drive gear teeth
S Starter wheel gear teeth
Burrs/chips/roughness/wear
Replace.
2. Check:
S Starter clutch operation
Push the dowel pins to the arrow direction.
Unsmooth operation Replace.
*****************************************************
Checking steps:
D Hold the starter clutch.
D When turning the starter wheel gear clockwise A , the starter clutch and the starter
wheel gear should be engaged.
D If not, the starter clutch is faulty. Replace it.
D When turning the starter wheel gear counterclockwise, B , it should turn freely.
D If not, the starter clutch is faulty. Replace it.
*****************************************************
YP404131
A.C. MAGNETO ROTOR INSTALLATION
1. Install:
S Starter wheel gear 1
S Woodruff key 2
NOTE:
Install the starter wheel gear 1 , then install the
woodruff key 2 .
2. Install:
S Plain washer
S Rotor 1
NOTE:
D Clean the tapered portion of the crankshaft
and the rotor hub.
D When installing the magneto rotor, make
sure the woodruff key is properly seated in
the key way of the crankshaft.
4-40
ENG
A.C. MAGNETO AND STARTER CLUTCH
3. Tighten:
Nut (rotor) 1
80 Nm (8.0 mkg)
NOTE:
Tighten the nut (rotor) 1 while holding the magneto rotor 2 with a sheave holder 3 .
Sheave holder:
90890-01701
4-41
OIL PUMP
ENG
OIL PUMP
7 Nm (0.7 mkg)
12 Nm (1.2 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Oil pump removal
A.C. magneto
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to the “A.C. MAGNETO AND
STARTER CLUTCH” section.
Cover
Pump driven gear
Dowel pin
Oil pump assembly
Gasket
Impeller shaft gear
Dowel pin
Shaft
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
4-42
OIL PUMP
ENG
EB402140
OIL PUMP INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
Drive gear (oil pump)
Driven gear (oil pump) 1
Pump housing
Pump housing cover
Wear/cracks/damage Replace
2. Measure:
Tip clearance A
(between the inner rotor 1 and the outer
rotor 2 )
Side clearance B
(between the outer rotor 2 and the pump
housing 3 )
Out of specification Replace the oil
pump assembly.
Housing and rotor clearance C
(between the pump housing 3 and the rotors 1 2 )
Out of specification Replace the oil
pump assembly.
Tip clearance A :
0.100.34 mm <Limit: 0.40 mm>
Side clearance B :
0.0130.036 mm
<Limit: 0.15 mm>
Housing and rotor clearance C :
0.040.09 mm <Limit: 0.15 mm>
4-43
TRANSMISSION
ENG
TRANSMISSION
16 Nm (1.6 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Transmission removal
Rear wheel
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “REAR WHEEL/REAR BRAKE”
section in CHAPTER 7.
Refer to “V-BELT, CLUTCH,
SECONDARY/PRIMARY SHEAVE”
section.
Crankcase cover (left)
Drain the transmission oil.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Remarks
Refer to “TRANSMISSION OIL
REPLACEMENT” section in CHAPTER 3.
Transmission case cover
Gasket (transmission case cover)
Dowel pin
Primary drive gear
Plain washer
Plain washer
1st wheel gear
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
4-44
TRANSMISSION
ENG
16 Nm (1.6 mkg)
Order
8
9
10
11
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Drive axle
Main axle
Primary driven gear
Plain washer
Remarks
1
1
1
1
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
4-45
CRANKCASE AND CRANKSHAFT
ENG
CRANKCASE AND CRANKSHAFT
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Remove the parts in the order.
Crankcase and crankshaft
removal
Engine removal
Cylinder head
Cylinder, piston
Refer to “ENGINE REMOVAL” section.
Refer to “CYLINDER HEAD” section.
Refer to “CYLINDER AND PISTON” section.
Refer to “V-BELT, CLUTCH AND SECONDARY/PRIMARY SHEAVE” section.
Refer to “A.C. MAGNETO AND
STARTER CLUTCH” section.
Refer to “OIL PUMP” section.
Refer to “WATER PUMP” section in
CHAPTER 5.
Refer to “REAR WHEEL AND REAR
BRAKE” section in CHAPTER 7.
V-belt, clutch, secondary/primary
sheave
A.C. magneto, starter clutch
Oil pump
Water pump
Rear wheel
1
2
Remarks
Bolt
O-ring
1
1
4-46
CRANKCASE AND CRANKSHAFT
ENG
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
3
4
Timing chain guide (intake)
Crankcase (right)
1
1
5
6
7
8
9
Dowel pin
Crankshaft assembly
Timing chain
Crankcase (left)
Oil seal
2
1
1
1
1
Remarks
Refer to “CRANKSHAFT
INSTALLATION” section.
Refer to “CRANKSHAFT REMOVAL/
INSTALLATION” section.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
4-47
CRANKCASE AND CRANKSHAFT
ENG
YP******
CRANKSHAFT REMOVAL
1. Remove:
Crankshaft assembly
Timing chain 1
NOTE:
Before removing the crankshaft assembly,
remove the timing chain from the crank shaft
sprocket.
If the timing chain hooks to the crankshaft
sprocket, the crankshaft cannot be removed.
YP******
CRANKSHAFT INSPECTION
1. Measure:
Crankshaft runout
Out of specification Replace crankshaft
and/or bearing.
NOTE:
Measure the crankshaft runout with the crankshaft assembly turning slowly.
Runout limit:
0.03 mm
2. Measure:
Big end side clearance
Out of specification Replace big end
bearing, crank pin and/or connecting rod.
Big end side clearance:
0.35 0.85 mm
3. Measure:
Crank width
Out of specification Replace crankshaft.
Crank width:
59.95 60.00 mm
4-48
CRANKCASE AND CRANKSHAFT
ENG
4. Inspect:
Crankshaft sprocket 1
Wear/Damage Replace crankshaft.
Bearing 2
Wear/Crack/Damage Replace crankshaft.
Pump drive gear 3
Wear/Damage Replace crankshaft.
5. Inspect:
Crankshaft journal
Clogged Blow out the journal with compressed air.
YP404073
CRANKCASE INSTALLATION
1. Clean all the gasket mating surface and
crankcase mating surface thoroughly.
2. Apply:
Sealant
(onto the crankcase mating surfaces)
Yamaha bond No. 1215
NOTE:
DO NOT ALLOW any sealant to come in contact with the oil gallery.
3. Install:
Dowel pins
Timing chain 1
NOTE:
Install the timing chain not to be seen through
the the crankshaft hole a on the crankcase
(left) 2 .
4-49
ENG
CHAPTER 5.
COOLING SYSTEM
RADIATOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WATER PUMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WATER PUMP INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
THERMOSTAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1
5-2
5-3
5-5
5-5
5-7
5-8
5-8
RADIATOR
COOL
YP500000
COOLING SYSTEM
RADIATOR
23 Nm (2.3 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Radiator removal
Drain the coolant.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “COOLANT REPLACEMENT”
section in CHAPTER 3.
Fuel tank
Footrest board, under cover
Cowling body, leg shield
Fan motor leads
Thermo switch leads
Filler hose (radiator)
Outlet hose (radiator)
Inlet hose (radiator)
Radiator
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL”
section in CHAPTER 3.
1
2
1
1
1
1
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
5-1
RADIATOR
COOL
YP500030
INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
D Radiator 1
Obstruction Blow out with compressed air through the rear of the radiator.
Flattened fins Repair or replace.
If flattened over the 20 % of radiator fin,
repair or replace the radiator.
CAUTION:
Use only specified adhesive to repair the radiator.
2. Inspect:
D Radiator hoses
D Radiator pipes
Cracks/damage Replace.
3. Measure:
D Radiator cap opening pressure
D Radiator cap opens at a pressure below
the specified pressure Replace.
Radiator cap opening pressure:
110140 kPa
(1.11.4 kg/cm2, 1.11.4 bar)
*****************************************************
Measurement steps:
D Attach the radiator cap tester 1 and adapter
2 to the radiator cap 3 .
Radiator cap tester:
90890-01325
Adapter:
90890-01352
D Apply the specified pressure for 10 seconds,
and make sure there is no pressure drop.
*****************************************************
4. Inspect:
D Fan motor assembly
Damage Replace.
Malfunction Check and repair.
Refer to “COOLING SYSTEM” in CHAPTER 8.
5. Inspect:
D Pipes
Cracks/damage Replace.
5-2
WATER PUMP
COOL
WATER PUMP
Oil pump side
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Water pump removal
Drain the coolant.
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “COOLANT REPLACEMENT”
section in CHAPTER 3.
Refer to “A.C. MAGNETO AND
STARTER CLUTCH” section in
CHAPTER 4.
A.C. magneto
1
2
3
Impeller shaft gear
Dowel pin/plain washer
Shaft
1
1/1
1
4
5
6
7
8
Inlet hose (water pump)
Holder
Housing cover
Housing cover gasket
Water pump housing
1
1
1
1
1
5-3
Refer to “WATER PUMP
INSTALLATION” section.
WATER PUMP
COOL
Oil pump side
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
Order
9
10
11
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Impeller shaft
O-ring
O-ring
1
1
1
Remarks
Refer to “WATER PUMP
INSTALLATION” section.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
5-4
WATER PUMP
COOL
YP******
NOTE:
D It is not necessary to disassemble the water
pump, unless there is no abnormality such as
excessive change in coolant temperature
and/or level, discoloration of coolant, or
milky transmission oil.
D If necessary, replace water pump as an assembly.
YP******
INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
D Impeller shaft
Wear/damage Replace.
Fur deposits Clean.
2. Inspect:
D Impeller shaft gear
Wear/damage Replace.
3. Inspect:
D Mechanical seal 1
Damage/worn/wear Replace.
YP******
WATER PUMP INSTALLATION
1. Install:
D Mechanical seal 1
*****************************************************
Installation steps:
D Apply the Yamaha bond 1215 to the outside
of the mechanical seal.
D Install the mechanical seal by using the mechanical seal installer 2 and middle shaft
bearing driver 3 .
*****************************************************
Mechanical seal installer:
90890-04078
Middle shaft bearing driver:
90890-04058
5-5
WATER PUMP
COOL
2. Install:
D Mechanical seal 1
Apply coolant to the outside of the mechanical seal before installing.
NOTE:
Do not smear any oils grease on to the ring side
of the mechanical seal.
3. Inspect:
D Mechanical seal, slip ring side 1
Inspect the slip ring side of the mechanical seal and the impeller 2 for level
installation.
Incorrect level Reinstall.
4. Install:
D Impeller shaft 1
D Circlip 2
*****************************************************
Installation steps:
D Apply a small amount of grease to the impeller shaft tip.
D Install the impeller shaft while turning it.
Use care so that the oil seal lip is not damaged or the spring does not slip off its position.
NOTE:
After installing the impeller shaft, check it for
smooth rotation.
*****************************************************
5. Install:
D O-ring 1
6. Install:
D Water pump housing
10 Nm (1.0 mSkg)
D Housing cover
7. Install:
D Shaft 1
Align the slot on the impeller shaft with
the projection on the shaft when installing.
5-6
THERMOSTAT
COOL
THERMOSTAT
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Thermostat removal
Drain the coolant
1
2
3
4
5
6
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “COOLANT REPLACEMENT”
section in CHAPTER 3.
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL”
section in CHAPTER 3.
Side panel
Fuel tank
Clip
Outlet hose (carburetor)
Hose clamp
Outlet hose (thermostat)
Thermostatic cover
Thermostatic valve
1
1
1
1
1
1
5-7
Refer to “THERMOSTAT
INSTALLATION” section.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
THERMOSTAT
COOL
EB502010
INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
D Thermostatic valve
Valve does not open at 80.5 83.5_C Replace.
*****************************************************
Inspection steps:
D Suspend the thermostatic valve in a vessel.
D Place a reliable thermometer in water.
D Observe the thermometer, while continually
stirring the water.
*****************************************************
1 Thermostatic valve
2 Vessel
3 Thermometer
4 Water
A CLOSE
B OPEN
NOTE:
The thermostatic valve is sealed and its setting
requires specialized work. If its accuracy is in
doubt, replace it. A faulty unit could cause serious overheating or over-cooling.
3mm
82”1.5_C
2. Inspect:
D Thermostatic cover
Cracks/damage Replace.
95_C
YP******
INSTALLATION
1. Install:
D Thermostatic valve 1
D Thermostatic cover
5-8
CHAPTER 6.
CARBURETION
CARBURETION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CARBURETOR DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FUEL LEVEL ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AUTO CHOKE INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FUEL PUMP INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1
6-2
6-4
6-5
6-6
6-7
CARBURETOR
CARB
EB600000
CARBURETION
CARBURETOR
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Carburetor removal
Side panel
Fuel tank
Drain the coolant
1
2
3
4
5
Auto choke lead coupler
Inlet/Outlet hose (carburetor)
Fuel hose
Throttle cable
Air filter joint
6
7
Nut
Carburetor ass’y
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL”
section in CHAPTER 3.
Refer to “COOLANT REPLACEMENT”
section in CHAPTER 3.
1
1/1
1
2
1
CAUTION:
Do not bend the air filter joint clamp
when installing the carburetor.
2
1
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
6-1
CARBURETOR
CARB
CARBURETOR DISASSEMBLY
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Carburetor disassembly
Auto choke unit
Throttle stop screw set
Pilot screw set
Cover/Diaphragm spring
Piston valve
Jet needle ass’y
Coasting enricher
Accererating pump
Float chamber
Float pin
Remarks
Disassemble the parts in order.
1
1
1
1/1
1
1
1
1
1
1
6-2
Refer to “CARBURETOR ASSEMBLY”
section.
Refer to “CARBURETOR ASSEMBLY”
section.
CARBURETOR
Order
11
12
13
14
15
Job name/Part name
CARB
Q’ty
Remarks
1
1
1
1
1
Refer to “CARBURETOR ASSEMBLY”
section.
Float
Needle valve
Main jet
Pilot jet
Main nozzle
Reverse the disassembly procedure
for assembly.
6-3
CARBURETOR
CARB
YP600041
ASSEMBLY
Reverse the “DISASSEMBLY” procedure.
Note the following points.
CAUTION:
D Before assembling, wash all parts in
clean petroleum based solvent.
D Always use a new gasket.
1. Install:
D Main nozzle 1
D Main jet 2
D Pilot jet 3
2. Install:
D Valve seat 1
D Float 2
D Needle valve 3
D Float pin 4
3. Inspect:
D Float height a
*****************************************************
Inspection and adjustment steps:
D Hold the carburetor in an upside down position.
D Measure the distance from the mating surface of the float chamber (gasket removed) to
the top of the float.
D If the float height is not within specification,
inspect the valve seat and valve needle.
D If either is worn, replace them both.
D If both are fine, adjust the float height by
bending the float tang 5 on the float.
D Check the float height again.
NOTE:
The float arm should be resting on the valve
needle without compressing it.
6-4
CARBURETOR
CARB
Float height (F.H.):
27 mm
Out of specification Replace.
*****************************************************
5. Install:
D Diaphragm 1
NOTE:
Align the tab a on the diaphragm with the slot
b on the carburetor body.
6. Install:
D Compression spring 1
D Cover 2
YP600060
FUEL LEVEL ADJUSTMENT
Gasoline (fuel) and its vapors are highly
flammable and explosive. Keep away from
sparks, cigarettes, flames or other sources
of ignition.
1. Measure:
D Fuel level a
Out of specification Adjust.
Fuel level:
56 mm below the float
chamber line
*****************************************************
Measurement and adjustment steps:
D Place the scooter on a level surface.
6-5
CARBURETOR
CARB
D Put a garage jack under the engine to ensure
that the carburetors are positioned vertically.
D Connect the fuel level gauge 1 to the drain
pipe 2 .
Fuel level gauge:
90890-01312
D Loosen the drain screw 3 .
D Hold the gauge vertically next to the float
chamber line.
D Measure the fuel level a with the gauge.
D If the fuel level is incorrect, adjust the fuel level.
D Remove the carburetor.
D Inspect the valve seat and needle valve.
D If either is worn, replace them both.
D If both are fine, adjust float level by bending
the float tang 4 slightly.
D Install the carburetor.
D Recheck the fuel level.
*****************************************************
YP******
AUTO CHOKE INSPECTION
(Ambient temperature lower than 45_C)
1. Remove:
D Carburetor
2. Inspect:
D Autochoke unit
Connect ø 3.3 mm pipe 2 to the starter
1 , and blow it with the mouth etc.
Possible Good condition.
Impossible Replace auto choke unit.
3. Inspect:
D Auto choke unit (with battery)
*****************************************************
Inspection and adjustment steps:
D Connect auto choke unit leads to the 12 V
battery for 5 minutes.
Black terminal 12 V battery (+) 1
Black terminal 12 V battery (–) 2
D Connect ø 3.3 mm pipe 4 to the starter 3 ,
and blow it with the mouth etc.
Possible Replace auto choke unit.
Impossible Good condition.
*****************************************************
6-6
CARBURETOR
CARB
YP******
FUEL PUMP INSPECTION
1. Remove:
D Side panels
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section
in CHAPTER 3.
2. Inspect:
D Fuel pump
*****************************************************
Inspection steps:
D Place the receptacle under the fuel pipe end.
D Start engine, and inspect gasoline to flow out
from fuel pipe 1 .
Engine is running:
Gasoline flows out Good.
Engine is stopping:
Gasoline does not flow out Good.
*****************************************************
D Gasoline (fuel) and its vapors are highly
flammable and explosive. Keep away
from sparks, cigarettes, flames or other
sources of ignition.
D Failure to check for fuel leakage may result in fire or explosion.
3. Install:
D Side panels
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section
in CHAPTER 3.
6-7
CARB
CHAPTER 7.
CHASSIS
FRONT WHEEL AND BRAKE DISC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT WHEEL AND BRAKE DISC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT WHEEL DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT WHEEL DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT WHEEL INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BRAKE DISC INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT WHEEL ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT WHEEL INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WHEEL STATIC BALANCE ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REAR WHEEL AND REAR BRAKE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REAR WHEEL INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REAR BRAKE INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REAR BRAKE INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT BRAKE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BRAKE PAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BRAKE PAD REPLACEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MASTER CYLINDER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MASTER CYLINDER DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MASTER CYLINDER INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MASTER CYLINDER ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MASTER CYLINDER INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CALIPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CALIPER DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BRAKE CALIPER DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CALIPER INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BRAKE CALIPER ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CALIPER INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT FORK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT FORK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT FORK DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT FORK REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT FORK DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT FORK INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT FORK ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT FORK INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HANDLEBAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HANDLEBAR REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HANDLEBAR INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HANDLEBAR INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STEERING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STEERING REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STEERING INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REAR SHOCK ABSORBER AND SWING ARM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-1
7-1
7-2
7-3
7-3
7-4
7-4
7-5
7-6
7-8
7-10
7-10
7-11
7-12
7-12
7-13
7-14
7-15
7-16
7-16
7-17
7-19
7-20
7-21
7-21
7-22
7-22
7-23
7-23
7-24
7-25
7-25
7-26
7-26
7-29
7-30
7-32
7-32
7-32
7-34
7-36
7-36
7-37
7-38
FRONT WHEEL AND BRAKE DISC
CHAS
CHASSIS
FRONT WHEEL AND BRAKE DISC
FRONT WHEEL AND BRAKE DISC
70 Nm (7.0 mkg)
23 Nm (2.3 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Front wheel and brake disc
removal
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Securely support the scooter so there
is no danger of it falling over.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Speedometer cable
Axle nut
Wheel axle
Front wheel assembly
Gear unit assembly
Collar
Brake disc
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
7-1
Refer to “FRONT WHEEL
INSTALLATION” section.
Refer to “FRONT WHEEL ASSEMBLY”
section.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
FRONT WHEEL AND BRAKE DISC
CHAS
FRONT WHEEL DISASSEMBLY
Order
1
2
3
4
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Front wheel disassembly
Oil seal
Bearing
Spacer
Bearing
1
1
1
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “FRONT WHEEL
DISASSEMBLY /ASSEMBLY” section.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
7-2
FRONT WHEEL AND BRAKE DISC
CHAS
YP******
FRONT WHEEL DISASSEMBLY
1. Remove:
Bearing 1
Spacer
Remove the bearing using a general bearing puller 2 .
CAUTION:
Handle the wheel with care not to damage
the brake disc. If the brake disc is damaged,
replace.
YP700020
FRONT WHEEL INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
Front wheel axle
(by rolling it on a flat surface)
Bends Replace.
Do not attempt to straighten a bent axle.
Wheel axle bending limit:
0.25 mm
2. Inspect:
Front tire
Wear/damage Replace:
Refer to “TIRE INSPECTION” in CHAPTER 3.
Front wheel
Refer to “WHEEL INSPECTION” in
CHAPTER 3.
3. Measure:
Front wheel runout
Over the specified limits Replace.
Front wheel runout limits:
Radial 1 : 2.0 mm
Lateral 2 : 2.0 mm
4. Inspect:
Front wheel bearings
Bearings allow free play in the wheel hub
or the wheel does not turn smoothly Replace.
Oil seals
Wear/damage Replace.
7-3
FRONT WHEEL AND BRAKE DISC
CHAS
5. Inspect:
S Collar
Grooved wear Replace the collar and
the oil seal as a set.
YP******
BRAKE DISC INSPECTION
1. Measure:
S Brake disc deflection
Maximum deflection:
0.15 mm
Out of specification Replace.
2. Measure:
S Brake disc thickness
Brake disc thickness:
4.0 mm
Minimum thickness:
3.5 mm
Out of specification Replace.
YP******
FRONT WHEEL ASSEMBLY
1. Install:
S Bearing 1
S Spacer 2
S Bearing 3
S Oil seal 4
NOTE:
D Apply the lithium soap base grease on the
bearing and oil seal lip when installing.
D Use a socket that matches the outside diameter of the race of the bearing.
D Always use a new oil seal.
D Install the oil seal with its manufacturer’s
marks or numbers facing outward.
CAUTION:
Do not strike the inner race of balls of the
bearing. Contact should be made only with
the outer race.
7-4
FRONT WHEEL AND BRAKE DISC
2. Install:
Brake disc 1
CHAS
23 Nm (2.3 mkg)
NOTE:
Tighten the bolts (brake disc) in stage using a
crisscross pattern.
EB700030
FRONT WHEEL INSTALLATION
Reverse the “REMOVAL” procedure.
Note the following points.
1. Lubricate:
Front wheel axle
Bearings
Oil seal (lips)
Drive/driven gear (speedometer)
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium soap base grease
2. Install:
Speedometer gear unit 1
NOTE:
Make sure that the wheel hub and the
speedometer gear unit are installed with the
three projections 2 meshed into the three slots
3.
3. Install:
Front wheel
NOTE:
Make sure that the slot in the speedometer gear
unit fits over the stopper on the front fork outer
tube.
4. Tighten:
Front wheel axle
Axle nut (front wheel axle) 1
CAUTION:
Before tightening the axle nut, stroke the
front fork several times to check for proper
fork operation.
Make sure that the brake hose is routed
properly.
7-5
FRONT WHEEL AND BRAKE DISC
CHAS
YP700040
WHEEL STATIC BALANCE ADJUSTMENT
NOTE:
D After replacing the tire and/or rim, the wheel
static balance should be adjusted.
D Adjust the front wheel static balance with the
brake disc installed.
1. Remove:
S Balancing weight
2. Set:
S Wheel
(on a suitable stand)
3. Find:
S Heavy spot
*****************************************************
Procedure:
a. Spin the wheel and wait for it to rest.
b. Put an “X1” mark on the wheel’s bottom
spot.
c. Turn the wheel so that the “X1” mark is 90_
up.
d. Release the wheel and wait for it to rest.
Put an “X2” mark on the wheel’s bottom
spot.
e. Repeat the above b., c., and d. several
times until all marks come to the same spot.
f. This spot is the wheel’s heavy spot “X”.
*****************************************************
4. Adjust:
S Wheel static balance
*****************************************************
Adjusting steps:
D Install a balancing weight 1 on the rim exactly opposite to the heavy spot “X”.
NOTE:
Start with the smallest weight.
D Turn the wheel so that the heavy spot is 90_
up.
D Check that the heavy spot is at rest there. If
not, try another weight until the wheel is balanced.
*****************************************************
7-6
FRONT WHEEL AND BRAKE DISC
CHAS
5. Check:
S Wheel static balance
*****************************************************
Checking steps:
D Turn the wheel so that it comes to each point
as shown.
D Check that the wheel is at rest at each point.
If not, readjust the front wheel static balance.
*****************************************************
7-7
REAR WHEEL AND REAR BRAKE
CHAS
REAR WHEEL AND REAR BRAKE
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Rear wheel and rear brake removal
Swingarm
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Remarks
Remove the part in order.
Refer to “REAR SHOCK ABSORBER
AND SWINGARM” section.
Adjuster
Brake cable
Compression spring
Pin
Rear wheel assembly
Brake lining
Tension spring
Plate washer
Camshaft lever
Indicator plate
Camshaft
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
7-8
Refer to “REAR BRAKE
INSTALLATION” section.
REAR WHEEL AND REAR BRAKE
CHAS
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
Order
12
13
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Camshaft shim
Camshaft seal
Remarks
1
1
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
7-9
REAR WHEEL AND REAR BRAKE
CHAS
EB701020
REAR WHEEL INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
Rear wheel axle
Rear wheel
Rear wheel bearings
Oil seals
Refer to “FRONT WHEEL”.
2. Measure:
Rear wheel runout
Refer to “FRONT WHEEL”.
EB701021
REAR BRAKE INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
Brake lining surface
Glazed areas Polish.
Use coarse sand paper.
NOTE:
After polishing, wipe the polished particles with
a cloth.
2. Measure:
Brake lining thickness
Brake lining thickness a :
Standard:
4 mm
Limit:
2 mm
Out of specification Replace.
Measuring points
NOTE:
Replace the brake shoes as a set if either is
worn to the limit.
3. Measure:
Brake drum inside diameter a
Out of specification Replace the wheel.
Brake drum inside diameter:
Standard:
160 mm
Limit:
161 mm
7-10
REAR WHEEL AND REAR BRAKE
CHAS
4. Inspect:
S Brake drum inner surface
S Oil/scratches Repair.
S Oil
Use a rag soaked in lacquer thinner or solvent.
S Scratches
Use an emery cloth
(lightly and evenly polishing)
5. Inspect:
S Camshaft face.
Wear Replace.
When inspecting the brake lining, do not
spill oil or grease on the brake lining.
YP******
REAR BRAKE INSTALLATION
1. Install:
S Camshaft 1
S Indicator plate 2
*****************************************************
Installation steps:
D Set the camshaft with its punched mark a
facing the direction as shown.
D Align the projection b on the indicator plate
with th camshaft notch and install.
D Check the proper position of the brake shoe.
*****************************************************
2. Install:
S Camshaft lever 1
Install the camshaft lever with its slit and
the indicator plate at right angle as shown.
7-11
FRONT BRAKE
CHAS
FRONT BRAKE
BRAKE PAD
23 Nm (2.3 mkg)
Order
1
2
3
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Brake pad removal
Caliper support bolt
Brake pad
Pad support
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
1
2
1
Refer to “BRAKE PAD
REPLACEMENT” section.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
7-12
FRONT BRAKE
CHAS
YP702010
BRAKE PAD REPLACEMENT
NOTE:
It is not necessary to disassemble the brake caliper and brake hose to replace the brake pads.
1. Remove:
S Bolt (caliper support bolt) 1
Move the direction brake caliper to the arrow mark.
2. Remove:
S Brake pads
NOTE:
D Install new brake pad springs when the brake
pads have to be replaced.
D Replace the brake pads as a set if either is
found to be worn to the wear limit.
3. Push the caliper piston into the brake caliper by finger.
CAUTION:
When pushing the caliper piston into the
brake caliper, brake fluid level in reservoir
tank is increasing higher.
4. Install:
S Brake pad 1
Install the brake pad, and move the brake
caliper to the allow mark direction.
5. Install:
S Bolt (caliper support bolt)
23 Nm (2.3 mSkg)
6. Inspect:
S Brake fluid level
Refer to “BRAKE FLUID LEVEL INSPECTION” section in CHAPTER 3.
7. Check:
S Brake lever operation
Soft spongy feeling Bleed the brake
system.
Refer to “AIR BLEEDING (HYDRAULIC
BRAKE SYSTEM)”in CHAPTER 3.
7-13
FRONT BRAKE
CHAS
MASTER CYLINDER
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
26 Nm (2.6 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Master cylinder removal
Drain the brake fluid
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Rear view mirror (right)
Brake lever/compression spring
Brake switch
Union bolt
Plain washer
Brake hose
Master cylinder bracket
Master cylinder
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “BRAKE FLUID REPLACEMENT” section in CHAPTER 3.
1
1/1
1
1
2
1
1
1
Refer to “MASTER CYLINDER
INSTALLATION” section.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
7-14
FRONT BRAKE
CHAS
MASTER CYLINDER DISASSEMBLY
Order
1
2
3
4
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Master cylinder disassembly
Master cylinder boot
Circlip
Master cylinder assembly
Spring
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
1
1
1
1
Refer to “MASTER CYLINDER
ASSEMBLY” section.
Reverse the disassembly procedure
for assembly.
7-15
FRONT BRAKE
CHAS
YP702040
MASTER CYLINDER INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
S Master cylinder 1
Wear/scratches Replace the master
cylinder assembly.
S Master cylinder cup 2
S Cracks/damage Replace.
2. Inspect:
S Master cylinder
S Scratches/wear/damage Replace the
master cylinder assembly.
3. Inspect:
S Diaphragm
Wear/damage Replace.
YP******
MASTER CYLINDER ASSEMBLY
D All internal brake components should be
cleaned and lubricated with new brake
fluid only before installation.
Recommended brake fluid:
DOT #4
D Replace the piston seals and dust seals
whenever a master cylinder is disassembled.
1. Install:
S Cylinder cup 1
S Master cylinder piston 2
Install cylinder cup 1 by using cylinder
cup installer 3 .
Cylinder cup installer set:
90890-01996
7-16
FRONT BRAKE
CHAS
2. Install:
Spring 1
Install the spring with its smaller diameter
to the master cylinder piston.
Master cylinder kit 2
3. Install:
Circlip 1
Install the circlip securely into the master
cylinder groove.
Master cylinder boot 2
YP******
MASTER CYLINDER INSTALLATION
1. Install:
Master cylinder 1
Master cylinder bracket 2
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
CAUTION:
Align the end of the master cylinder with the
punch mark on the handlebar, then install
the master cylinder bracket 2 with the “UP”
mark facing upward.
2. Install:
Plain washer 1
Brake hose 2
Plain washer 3
Union bolt 4
26 Nm (2.6 mkg)
CAUTION:
Align the plain washer notch and master cylinder edge a for assembly.
7-17
FRONT BRAKE
CHAS
3. Air bleed:
S Brake system
Refer to “AIR BLEEDING” section in
CHAPTER 3.
D Use only designated quality brake fluid:
Otherwise, the rubber seals may deteriorate, causing leakage and poor brake performance.
D Refill with the same type of brake fluid:
mixing fluids may result in a harmful
chemical reaction and lead to poor performance.
D Be careful that water does not enter the
significantly lower the boiling point of the
fluid may result in vapor lock.
4. Inspect:
S Brake operation
7-18
FRONT BRAKE
CHAS
CALIPER
26 Nm (2.6 mkg)
23 Nm (2.3 mkg)
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Caliper removal
Drain the brake fluid
Brake hose holder
Union bolt
Plain washer
Brake hose
Caliper support bolt
Caliper assembly
1
1
2
1
1
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “BRAKE FLUID REPLACEMENT” section in CHAPTER 3.
Refer to “CALIPER INSTALLATION”
section.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
7-19
FRONT BRAKE
CHAS
CALIPER DISASSEMBLY
6 Nm (0.6 mkg)
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
Job name/Part name
Caliper disassembly
Brake pad
Pad support
Caliper piston
Dust seal
Piston seal
Bleed screw/Cap
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
2
1
2
2
2
1/1
Refer to “BRAKE CALIPER DISASSEMBLY /ASSEMBLY” section.
Reverse the disassembly procedure
for assembly.
7-20
FRONT BRAKE
CHAS
YP702020
BRAKE CALIPER DISASSEMBLY
NOTE:
Before disassembling either brake caliper,
drain the brake fluid from the brake hose, master cylinder, brake caliper and reservoir tank.
1. Remove:
S Brake caliper piston
*****************************************************
Removal steps:
S Blow compressed air into the hose joint
opening to force out the caliper piston
from the brake caliper body.
D Never try to pry out the caliper piston.
D Cover the caliper piston with a rag. Be
careful not to get injured when the piston
is expelled from the master cylinder.
CAUTION:
Carefully remove the caliper piston to prevent damage.
*****************************************************
2. Remove:
S Dust seal 1
S Piston seal 2
When removing, push the seals by your
finger.
CAUTION:
D Do not use a sharp instrument. Remove
seals by your finger.
D Do not re-use removed parts.
YP******
CALIPER INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
S Caliper cylinder 1
S Caliper piston 2
Scratches, wear Replace caliper assembly.
7-21
FRONT BRAKE
CHAS
EB702050
BRAKE CALIPER ASSEMBLY
D All internal brake components should be
cleaned and lubricated with new brake
fluid only before installation.
Recommended brake fluid:
DOT #4
D Replace the caliper piston seals whenever a brake caliper is disassembled.
1. Install:
S Piston seals 1
S Dust seal 2
2. Install:
S Caliper piston 1
Apply brake fluid to the outer surface and
install.
CAUTION:
D Do not force.
D Use care to prevent damage on caliper
piston.
YP******
CALIPER INSTALLATION
1. Install:
S Caliper 1
23 Nm (2.3 mSkg)
S Caliper support bolt 2
S Brake hose 3
S Plain washer 4
26 Nm (2.6 mS kg)
S Union bolt 5
CAUTION:
When installing the brake hose to the caliper, lightly touch the brake hose with the
stopper a on the caliper.
7-22
FRONT FORK
CHAS
FRONT FORK
FRONT FORK
45 Nm (4.5 mkg)
23 Nm (2.3 mkg)
23 Nm (2.3 m kg)
49 Nm (4.9 mkg)
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Job name/Part name
Front fork removal
Front wheel
Caliper assembly
Front fender
Inner fender
Bolt (under bracket upper)
Cap bolt/O-ring
Bolt (under bracket lower)
Front fork (left/right)
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “FRONT WHEEL” section.
1
1
1
2
2/2
2
1/1
Refer to “FRONT FORK REMOVAL/
INSTALLATION” section.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
7-23
FRONT FORK
CHAS
FRONT FORK DISASSEMBLY
45 Nm (4.5 mkg)
23 Nm (2.3 mkg)
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Front fork disassembly
Cap bolt
1
O-ring
Fork spring
Dust seal
Retaining clip
Oil seal
Bolt (Damper rod)/Gasket
Inner tube
Oil lock piece
Damper rod
Rebound spring
1
1
1
1
1
1/1
1
1
1
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “FRONT FORK REMOVAL/
INSTALLATION” section.
Refer to “FRONT FORK ASSEMBLY”
section.
Refer to “FRONT FORK DISASSEMBLY/ASSEMBLY” section.
Refer to “FRONT FORK ASSEMBLY”
section.
Reverse the disassembly procedure
for assembly.
7-24
FRONT FORK
CHAS
YP******
FRONT FORK REMOVAL
D Securely support the scooter so there is
no danger of it falling over.
D Stand the scooter on a level surface.
D Stand the scooter on its centerstand.
1. Loosen:
S Bolt (lower bracket upper) 1
NOTE:
Loosen only the upper bolt.
2. Remove:
S Cap bolt 1
NOTE:
Use 17 mm width hexagonal wrench for removing.
3. Loosen the bolt (under bracket lower) to remove the front forks.
Support the front fork before loosening the
pinch bolts.
YP703020
FRONT FORK DISASSEMBLY
1. Remove:
S Bolt (damper rod) 1
Loosen the bolt (damper rod) 1 while
holding the damper rod with T-handle 2
and holder 3 .
Damper rod holder:
90890-04084
T-handle
90890-01326
7-25
FRONT FORK
CHAS
2. Remove:
Inner tube
Oil lock pice
3. Remove:
Oil seal 1
CAUTION:
Never reuse the oil seal.
2 Rag
YP703030
FRONT FORK INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
Inner tube bending
Inner tube bending limit:
0.2 mm
Scratches/bends/damage Replace.
Do not attempt to straighten a bent inner
tube as this may dangerously weaken the
tube.
2. Measure:
Fork spring a
Front fork spring free length:
268.5 mm
<Wear limit>
263.5 mm
Over the specified limit Replace.
YP******
FRONT FORK ASSEMBLY
Reverse the “DISASSEMBLY” procedure.
Note the following points.
1. Install:
Damper rod 1
Rebound spring
Oil lock piece 2
Inner tube 3
7-26
FRONT FORK
CHAS
2. Install:
S Inner tube 1
Into outer tube 2 .
3. Install:
S Plain washer 1
S Bolt (damper rod) 2
4. Tighten:
S Bolt (damper rod) 1
23 Nm (2.3 mSkg)
NOTE:
Tighten damper rod bolt 1 while holding the
damper rod with a T-handle 2 and a damper
rod holder 3 .
Damper rod holder:
90890-04084
T-handle
90890-01326
6. Install:
S Oil seal 1
S Retaining clip
S Dust seal
Use the fork seal driver weight 3 and the
attachment 2 .
NOTE:
D Before installing the oil seal 1 , apply lithium
soap base grease onto the oil seal lips.
D Adjust the retaining clip so that it fits into the
outer tube groove.
CAUTION:
Make sure that the oil seal numbered side
faces upward.
Fork seal driver weight:
90890-01367
Attachment:
90890-01374
7-27
FRONT FORK
CHAS
7. Inspect:
S Inner tube operation
Unsmooth operation Disassembly and
recheck.
8. Fill:
S Fork oil
Oil quantity:
0.142 L
Recommended oil:
Fork oil 15 WT or equivalent
9. After filling up, slowly pump the fork up and
down to distribute the fork oil.
10. Measure:
S Oil level a
Out of specification Adjust.
Oil level:
80 mm
(from the top of the inner tube
fully compressed and without
the fork spring)
NOTE:
Hold the fork in an upright position.
11. Install:
S Front fork spring 1
NOTE:
D Install the fork spring with its smaller pitch upward.
D Before installing the cap bolt, apply grease to
the O-ring.
D Temporarily tighten the cap bolt.
7-28
FRONT FORK
CHAS
EB703050
FRONT FORK INSTALLATION
Reverse the “REMOVAL“ procedure.
Note the following points.
1. Install:
Front fork 1
Temporary tighten the pinch bolts.
NOTE:
Pull up the inner tube until its end flushes the top
of the under bracket 2 , then temporarily tighten
the bolt (under bracket lower) 3 .
2. Tighten:
45 Nm (4.5 mkg)
Cap bolts 1
Pinch bolts (under bracket upper/lower)
23 Nm (2.3 mkg)
7-29
HANDLEBAR
CHAS
HANDLEBAR
23 Nm (2.3 mkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Handlebar removal
Handlebar upper cover
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Rear view mirror (right)
Rear view mirror (left)
Master cylinder bracket
Master cylinder
Grip end (right)
Handlebar switch (right)
Throttle cable
Grip assembly
Brake cable
Lever holder (left)
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to ”COVER AND PANEL” section
in CHAPTER 3.
Left-thread screw.
Refer to “HANDLEBAR
INSTALLATION” section.
Refer to “HANDLEBAR
INSTALLATION” section.
7-30
HANDLEBAR
CHAS
23 Nm (2.3 mkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
11
12
13
Handlebar switch (left)
Grip end (left)
Grip
1
1
1
14
15
Upper handlebar holder
Handlebar
2
1
7-31
Remarks
Refer to “HANDLEBAR
INSTALLATION” section.
Refer to “HANDLEBAR REMOVAL”
section.
Refer to “HANDLEBAR
INSTALLATION” section.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
HANDLEBAR
CHAS
YP******
HANDLEBAR REMOVAL
1. Remove:
S Grip (Left)
*****************************************************
Removal steps:
D Remove the grip end (left).
D Blow with compressed air between the handlebar and adhesive side of the grip to remove.
*****************************************************
YP704020
HANDLEBAR INSPECTION
1. Inspect:
S Handlebar
Bends/Cracks/Damage Replace.
Do not attempt to straighten a bent handlebar as this may dangerously weaken the
handlebar.
YP******
HANDLEBAR INSTALLATION
1. Install:
S Handlebar 1
NOTE:
D Apply a light coat of lithium soap base grease
onto the handlebar right end.
D Align the match marks a on the handlebar
with the lower handlebar holder upper surface.
2. Install:
S Upper handlebar holder 1
23 Nm (2.3 mSkg)
NOTE:
The upper handlebar holders should be
installed with the arrow marks a facing forward
a.
3. Install:
S Grip 1
S Grip end (Left) 2
NOTE:
Provide a clearance a of 2.5 mm between the
handlebar grip and handlebar grip end.
7-32
HANDLEBAR
CHAS
4. Install:
S Handlebar switch (left) 1
NOTE:
Align the handlebar switch mating surface with
the punched mark a on the handlebar.
5. Install:
S Lever holder (left) 1
NOTE:
Align the lever holder mating surface with the
punched mark a on the handlebar.
6. Install:
S Throttle cable 1
S Grip assembly 2
NOTE:
Apply a light coat of lithium soap base grease
onto the inside of the grip assembly and install it
to the handlebar.
7. Install:
S Grip end (right) 1
S Handlebar switch (right) 2
*****************************************************
Installation steps:
D Align the handlebar switch (right) mating surface and punched mark a on the handlebar.
D Provide a clearance b of 2.5 mm between
the grip assembly 3 and handlebar grip.
Otherwise, the grip may not move.
Check the throttle grip for smooth operation.
*****************************************************
7-33
STEERING
CHAS
STEERING
139 Nm (13.9 mkg)
1st step:
38 Nm (3.8 mkg)
2nd step:
Loosen the ring nut 1 / 4
turn.
3rd step:
22 Nm (2.2 mkg)
75 Nm (7.5 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Steering removal
Handlebar upper cover
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “FRONT WHEEL, BRAKE
DISC” section.
Refer to “FRONT FORK” section.
Refer to “HANDLEBAR” section.
Front fork
Handlebar
Nut
Handlebar lower holder
Woodruff key
Ring nut (upper)
Lock washer
Ring nut (center)
Rubber washer
Ring nut (lower)
Ball race cover
Ball race 1
Lower bracket
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
7-34
Refer to “STEERING REMOVAL/
INSTALLATION” section.
STEERING
CHAS
139 Nm (13.9 mkg)
1st step:
38 Nm (3.8 mkg)
2nd step:
Loosen the ring nut 1 / 4
turn.
3rd step:
22 Nm (2.2 mkg)
75 Nm (7.5 mkg)
Order
12
13
14
15
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Ball bearing
Ball bearing
Ball race 1
Ball race 2
22
19
1
1
Remarks
Refer to “STEERING
INSTALLATION” section.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
7-35
STEERING
CHAS
YP704010
STEERING REMOVAL
D Securely support the scooter so that
there is no danger of it falling over.
D Stand the scooter on a level surface.
1. Remove:
S Handlebar lower holder 1
S Woodruff key 2
NOTE:
Remove the handlebar lower holder by loosening the ring nut (upper) 3 gradually.
2. Remove:
S Ring nut (upper)
S Lock washer 1
S Ring nut (center) 2
S Rubber washer
3. Remove:
S Ring nut (lower) 1
NOTE:
Hold the lower bracket by hand, then remove by
using the exhaust ring and steering nut wrench
2.
Exhaust and steering nut wrench:
90890-01268
Securely support the steering shaft so that there
is no danger of it falling down.
INSPECTION
1. Wash the bearing and bearing races with a
solvent.
2. Inspect:
S Bearings
S Bearing races
Pitting/Damage Replace.
7-36
STEERING
CHAS
*****************************************************
Bearing race replacement steps:
D Remove the bearing races on the head pipe
using long rod 1 and the hammer as shown.
D Remove the bearing race on the under bracket using the floor chisel 2 and the hammer
as shown.
D Install the new dust seal and races.
*****************************************************
NOTE:
D Always replace bearings and races as a set.
D Replace the dust seal whenever a steering
head disassembled.
CAUTION:
If the bearing race is fitted not squarely, the
head pipe could be damaged.
EB704030
STEERING INSTALLATION
Reverse the “REMOVAL” procedure.
Note the following points.
1. Lubricate:
S Bearings (upper and lower)
S Bearing races
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap base grease
2. Install:
S Ring nut (lower)
S Rubber washer
S Ring nut (center)
S Lock washer
S Ring nut (upper)
Refer to “STEERING HEAD INSPECTION” section in CHAPTER 3.
3. Install:
S Woodruff key 1
S Handlebar lower bracket 2
139 Nm (13.9 mSkg)
NOTE:
Align the woodruff key to key groove mark a on
the handlebar lower holder.
7-37
REAR SHOCK ABSORBER AND SWINGARM
CHAS
REAR SHOCK ABSORBER AND SWINGARM
40 Nm (4.0 mkg)
19 Nm (1.9 mkg)
7 Nm (0.7 mkg)
135 Nm (13.5 mkg)
20 Nm (2.0 mkg)
23 Nm (2.3 mkg)
20 Nm (2.0 mkg)
53 Nm (5.3 mkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Rear shock absorber and
swingarm removal
Side panels
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
1
2
3
Box
Nut
Muffler assembly
1
2
1
4
5
6
7
8
9
Axle nut
Rear shock absorber
Swingarm
Collar
Oil seal
Bearing
1
1
1
1
1
1
Refer to “COVER AND PANEL” section
in CHAPTER 3.
NOTE:
Loosen.
NOTE:
Remove with the rear brake applied.
Reverse the removal procedure for
installation.
7-38
CHAPTER 8.
ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CHECKING SWITCHES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CHECKING STEPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SWITCH CONNECTION AS SHOWN IN THIS MANUAL . . . . . . . . .
SWITCH POSITION AND TERMINAL CONNECTION . . . . . . . . . . .
IGNITION SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CHARGING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TROUBLE SHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ELECTRIC STARTING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TROUBLE SHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STARTER MOTOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LIGHTING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SIGNAL SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SIGNAL SYSTEM CHECK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
COOLING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AUTO CHOKE SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-1
8-2
8-4
8-4
8-4
8-5
8-6
8-6
8-7
8-11
8-11
8-12
8-15
8-15
8-16
8-19
8-22
8-22
8-23
8-28
8-28
8-29
8-31
8-37
8-37
8-38
8-44
8-44
8-45
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
EB800000
ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Main switch
Ignition coil
Spark plug cap
Fuel sender
Rectifier/ Regulator
Starting circuit cut-off relay
Wireharness
8 Thermo unit
9 Ignitor unit
10 Sidestand switch
11 Battery
12 Starter relay
13 Flasher relay
14 Horn
8-1
ELEC
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
8-2
ELEC
ELEC
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
A.C. magneto
Rectifier regulator
Main switch
Battery
Main fuse
Starter relay
Starter motor
Thermo switch (auto choke)
Auto choke
Ignitor unit
Ignition coil
Spark plug
Pickup coil
Sidestand switch
Starting circuit cut-off relay
Lights switch
Starter switch
Engine stop switch
Handlebar switches (right)
Fuse (fan)
Thermo switch
Fan motor
Rear brake switch
Front brake switch
Flasher relay
Horn
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
Turn switch
Horn switch
Dimmer switch
Pass switch
Handlebar switches (left)
Tail/ Brake light
Licence light
Rear flasher lights
Front flasher lights
Head light
Auxiliary light
Turn indicator lights
High beam indicator light
Meter lights
Oil indicator light
Reset switch
Fuel gauge
Read switch
Clock
Thermometer
Speedometer
Meter assembly
Fuel sender
Thermo unit
NOTE:
Starter switch is closed while the button (switch) is pushed.
Sidestand switch is closed while the side stand is upped.
Brake switch is closed while the brake is applied.
COLOR CODE
B
Black
Y
Yellow
R/B
Red/Black
Br
Brown
W
White
R/Y
Red/Yellow
Ch
Chocolate
B/R
Black/Red
R/W
Red/White
Dg
Dark green
Br/W
Brown/White
Y/R
Yellow/White
G
Green
G/R
Green/Red
W/G
White/Green
L
Blue
G/Y
Green/Yellow
O
Orange
L/B
Blue/Black
Sb
Sky blue
L/Y
Blue/Yellow
P
Pink
L/W
Blue/White
R
Red
L/R
Blue/Red
8-3
CHECKING SWITCHES
ELEC
YP-N
CHECKING SWITCHES
CHECKING STEPS
Using pocket tester, check switches for continuity between their terminals to determine whether they are correctly connected.
Repalce the switch component if any of the
combinations does not produce the correct
reading.
Pocket tester:
90890-03112
NOTE:
Turn the switch to the “ON”, “OFF” positions
several times.
Adjust the pocket tester to correct “0” position
before checking switches.
Set the pocket tester selector to “ 1” Ω.
SWITCH CONNECTION AS SHOWN IN THIS
MANUAL
This manual contains connection charts, like
the one shown on the left, showing the terminal
connections of switches (e.g. the main switch,
handlebar switch, brake switch, lighting switch
etc.)
The column on the extreme left indicates the different switch positions, the top line indicates the
colors of the leads connected to the terminals
on the switch.
” indicates terminals between which
“
there is continuity, i.e. a closed circuit, in the given switch position.
In this chart:
“Br and R” have continuity with the switch in the
“ON” position.
8-4
CHECKING SWITCHES
ELEC
YP******
SWITCH POSITION AND TERMINAL CONNECTION
Before checking a switch refer to the checking
switches as shown in the left page and check for
the correct terminal connections (closed circuit)
according to the color combinations shown in
the chart.
Poor connection, fault Repair or replace.
*
8-5
Indicates coupler positions.
IGNITION SYSTEM
EB802000
IGNITION SYSTEM
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
3 Main switch
4 Battery
5 Main fuse
10 Ignitor unit
11 Ignition coil
12 Spark plug
13 Pickup coil
14 Sidestand switch
18 Engine stop switch
8-6
ELEC
IGNITION SYSTEM
ELEC
YP802010
TROUBLESHOOTING
IF THE IGNITION SYSTEM
FAILS TO OPERATE.
(NO SPARK OR INTERMITTENT SPARK)
Procedure
Check:
1. Fuse (Main)
2. Battery
3. Spark plug
4. Ignition spark gap
5. Spark plug cap resistance
6. Ignition coil
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Pickup coil resistance
Main switch
Engine stop switch
Sidestand switch
Wiring connection
(entire ignition system)
NOTE:
S Remove the following parts before troubleshooting.
1) Footrest board
2) Cowling body
S Use the special tools specified in the trouble
shooting section.
Ignition checker
90890-06754
Pocket tester:
90890-03112
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
1. Fuse
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section in
CHAPTER 8.
Replace the fuse.
CONTINUITY
YP******
INCORRECT
2. Battery
S Check the battery condition.
Refer to “BATTERY INSPECTION” section
in CHAPTER 3.
S Clean battery terminals.
S Recharge or replace the battery.
CORRECT
YP******
Standard spark plug:
DR8EA/NGK
3. Spark plug
S Check the spark plug condition.
S Check the spark plug type.
S Check the spark plug gap.
Refer to “SPARK PLUG INSPECTION” section in CHAPTER 3.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
Repair or replace the spark plug
Spark plug gap:
0.6 X 0.7 mm
8-7
IGNITION SYSTEM
ELEC
:
YP******
4. Ignition spark gap
S Disconnect the spark plug cap from the
spark plug.
S Connect the ignition checker 1 as shown.
2 Spark plug
S Turn the main switch to “ON”.
S Check the ignition spark gap .a
S Check the spark by pushing the starter
switch, and increase the spark gap until a
misfire occurs.
MEETS SPECIFICATION
Minimum spark gap:
6 mm (0.24 in)
The ignition system is not faulty.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION OR NO
SPARK
YP******
Tester (+) lead Spark plug side 1
Tester (–) lead High tension cord side 2
5. Spark plug cap resistance
S Remove the spark plug cap.
S Connect the pocket tester (Ω 1 k) to the
spark plug cap.
NOTE:
S When removing the spark plug cap, do not
pull the spark plug cap from high tension
cord.
S Remove Turning counterclockwise.
S Connect Turning clockwise.
S Check the high tension cord when connecting the spark plug cap.
S When connecting the spark plug cap, cut
the high tension cord about 5 mm.
Spark plug cap resistance:
5 kΩ (20_C)
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
Replace the spark plug cap.
CORRECT
:
8-8
IGNITION SYSTEM
ELEC
:
YP******
Tester (+) lead Red/White Terminal 1
Tester (–) lead Orange Terminal 2
6. Ignition coil resistance
S Disconnect the ignition coil connector from
the wireharness.
S Connect the pocket tester (Ω
1) to the
ignition coil.
S Check if the primary coil has the specified resistance.
Primary coil resistance:
3.6 X 4.8 Ω (20_C)
Tester (+) lead Spark plug lead 1
Tester (–) lead Red/White Terminal 2
S Connect the pocket tester (Ω
1 k) to the
ignition coil.
S Check the secondary has the specified resistance.
Secondary coil resistance:
10.7 X 14.5 kΩ (20_C)
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
Replace the ignition coil.
BOTH MEET
SPECIFICATION
:
8-9
IGNITION SYSTEM
ELEC
:
YP******
7. Pickup coil resistance
S Disconnect the pickup coil coupler from the
wireharness.
S Connect the pocket tester (Ω
100) to the
pickup coil coupler.
Tester (+) lead Yellow Terminal 1
Tester (–) lead Blue Terminal 2
S Check the pickup coil has the specified resistance.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
Pickup coil resistance:
168 X 252 Ω (20_C)
Replace the pickup coil.
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
8. Main switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section in
the CHAPTER 8.
Replace the main switch.
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
9. Engine stop switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the right handlebar switch.
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
10. Sidestand switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the sidestand switch.
CORRECT
YP******
11. Wiring connection
POOR CONNECTIONS
S Check the connection of the entire ignition
system.
Refer to “CIRCUIT DIAGRAM”.
Correct.
CORRECT
Replace the ignitor unit.
8-10
CHARGING SYSTEM
YP804000
CHARGING SYSTEM
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
1
2
4
5
A.C. magneto
Rectifier regulator
Battery
Main fuse
8-11
ELEC
CHARGING SYSTEM
ELEC
YP804010
TROUBLESHOOTING
IF THE BATTERY IS NOT CHARGED
Procedure
Check:
1. Fuse (Main)
2. Battery
3. Charging voltage
4. Stator coil resistance
5. Wiring system (entire charging system)
NOTE:
D Remove the following parts before troubleshooting.
1) Side panels
2) Tail cover
D Use the special tools specified in the troubleshooting section.
Engine tachometer
90890-03113
Pocket tester:
90890-03112
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
1. Fuse
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the fuse.
CONTINUITY
YP******
INCORRECT
2. Battery
S Check the battery condition.
Refer to “BATTERY INSPECTION” section
in CHAPTER 3.
S Clean battery terminals.
S Recharge or replace the battery.
CORRECT
:
8-12
CHARGING SYSTEM
ELEC
:
YP******
3. Charging voltage
S Connect the engine tachometer to the spark
plug lead 1 .
S Connect the pocket tester (DC20 V) to the
battery.
Tester (+) lead Battery (+) terminal 1
Tester (–) lead Battery (–) terminal 2
S Measure the battery terminal voltage.
S Start the engine and accelerate to about
5,000 r/min.
S Check the terminal voltage.
Charging voltage =
measured voltage – terminal
voltage:
0.2 X 2.5 V up
MEETS SPECIFICATION
NOTE:
Use a fully charged battery.
The charging circuit is not faulty.
Replace the battery.
OUT OF
SPECIFICATION
:
8-13
CHARGING SYSTEM
:
YP******
4. Starter coil resistance
S Remove the A.C. magneto coupler from
wireharness.
S Connect the pocket tester (Ω 1) to the stator coil.
Tester (+) lead white terminal
Tester (–) lead White terminal
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
S Measure the stator coil resistance.
Stator coil resistance:
0.8 X 1.0 Ω (20_C)
Replace the stator coil.
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
YP******
POOR CONNECTION
5. Wiring connection
Check the entire charging system for connections.
Refer to “CIRCUIT DIAGRAM” section.
Correct.
CORRECT
Replace the rectifier/regulator.
8-14
ELEC
ELECTRIC STARTING SYSTEM
EB80300
ELECTRIC STARTING SYSTEM
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
3
4
5
6
7
14
15
17
18
23
24
Main switch
Battery
Main fuse
Starter relay
Starter motor
Sidestand switch
Starting circuit cut-off relay
Starter switch
Engine stop switch
Rear brake switch
Front brake switch
8-15
ELEC
ELECTRICAL STARTING SYSTEM
ELEC
YP803020
TROUBLESHOOTING
IF THE STARTER MOTOR FAILS TO
OPERATE.
Procedure
Check:
1. Fuse (Main)
2. Battery
3. Starter motor
4. Starter relay
5. Starting circuit cut-off relay
6. Main switch
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Engine stop switch
Sidestand switch
Front/Rear brake switch
Starter switch
Wiring connection (entire starting system)
NOTE:
D Remove the following parts before troubleshooting.
1) Side panels
2) Tail cover
3) Box
D Use the special tools specified in the troubleshooting section.
Pocket tester:
90890-03112
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
1. Fuse
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section in
CHAPTER 8.
Replace the fuse.
CONTINUITY
YP******
INCORRECT
2. Battery
S Check the battery condition.
Refer to “BATTERY INSPECTION” section
in CHAPTER 3.
S Clean the battery terminals.
S Recharge or replace battery.
CORRECT
:
8-16
ELECTRICAL STARTING SYSTEM
ELEC
:
YP******
3. Starter motor
DOES NOT MOVE
S Connect the battery positive terminal and
starter motor cable using a jumper lead.
S Check the starter motor operation.
Repair or replace the starter motor.
A wire used as a jumper lead must have the
equivalent capacity as that of the battery
lead or more, otherwise it may burn.
This check is likely to produce sparks, so be
sure that no flammable gas or fluid is in the
vicinity.
MOVES
YP******
4. Starter relay
S Disconnect the relay unit coupler from the
wireharness.
S Connect the pocket tester (Ω 1) and battery (12 V) to the relay unit coupler terminals.
Battery (+) lead Green/Yellow terminal 1
Battery (–) lead Blue/White terminal 2
S Check the starter relay for continuity.
NO CONTINUITY
Tester (+) lead 3 terminal
Tester (–) lead 4 terminal
Replace the starter relay.
CONTINUITY
YP******
5. Starting circuit cut-off relay
S Disconnect the starting circuit cut-off relay
coupler from the wireharness.
S Connect the the pocket tester (Ω 1) and
battery (12 V) to the starting circuit cut-off
relay coupler terminals.
Battery (+) lead 2 terminal
Battery (–) lead 4 terminal
S Check the starting circuit cut-off relay for
continuity.
NO CONTINUITY
Tester (+) lead 1 terminal
Tester (–) lead 3 terminal
Replace the starting circuit cut-off relay.
CONTINUITY
:
8-17
ELECTRICAL STARTING SYSTEM
ELEC
:
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
6. Main switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the main switch.
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
7. Engine stop switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the right handlebar switch.
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
8. Sidestand switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the sidestand switch.
CORRECT
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
9. Front/Rear brake switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section in
CHAPTER 8.
Replace the brake switch.
CORRECT
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
10. Starter switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the right handlebar switch.
CORRECT
YP******
POOR CONNECTION
11. Wiring connection
S Check the connections of the entire starting
system.
Refer to “CIRCUIT DIAGRAM”.
Correct.
8-18
ELECTRICAL STARTING SYSTEM
ELEC
STARTER MOTOR
7 Nm (0.7 mSkg)
7 Nm (0.7 mSkg)
10 Nm (1.0 mSkg)
5 Nm (0.5 mSkg)
Order
Job name/Part name
Q’ty
Starter motor removal
Air cleaner case
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in order.
Refer to “ENGINE REMOVAL AND
INSTALLATION” section in CHAPTER 4.
Starter motor
1
Reverse the removal procedure for installation.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Starter motor disassembly
Front bracket
Ring
Shims
Rear bracket
Ring
Shims
Brush holder set
Armature ass’y
Stator ass’y
Disassembly the parts in order.
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Refer to “Starter motor assembly”
Reverse the disassembly procedure for
assembly.
8-19
ELEC
ELECTRICAL STARTING SYSTEM
YP803034
Inspection and repair
1. Inspect:
S Commutator
Dirt Clean it with #600 grit sandpaper.
2. Measure:
S Commutator diameter a
Commutator wear limit:
27 mm
Out of specification Replace the starter
motor
3. Measure:
S Mica undercut a
Mica undercut:
0.7 mm
Out of specification Scrape the mica to
the proper value (a hacksaw blade can be
ground to fit).
NOTE:
The mica insulation of the commutator must be
undercut to ensure proper operation of commutator.
4. Inspect:
S Armature coil resistances
(installation/continuity)
Defects Replace the starter motor.
If commutator is dirty, clean it with sandpaper.
Good
condition
A
B
f
Bad condition
f
f
f
f: Continuity
: No continuity
Bad condition Replace.
5. Measure:
S Brush length a
Out of specification Replace.
Brush length wear limit:
4.0 mm
6. Measure:
S Brush spring force
Fatigue/out of specification Replace as
a set.
8-20
ELECTRICAL STARTING SYSTEM
ELEC
Brush spring force:
570 X 920 g
7. Inspect:
S Bearing
S Oil seal
Wear/damage Repalce.
YP******
Assembly
Reverse the “Removal” procedure.
Note the following points.
1. Install:
S Brush holder 1
NOTE:
Align the projection a on the brush seat with
the slot b on the housing.
2. Install:
S Shims 1
S Armature coil 2
3. Install:
S Ring 1
S Stator ass’y 2
S Shims 3
S Front bracket 4
5 Nm (0.5 mSkg)
NOTE:
S Apply molybdenum grease lightly on to the
bearings of the starter motor.
S Align the match marks on the yoke with the
match marks on the brackets.
8-21
LIGHTING SYSTEM
EB804000
LIGHTING SYSTEM
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
3 Main switch
4 Battery
5 Main fuse
16 Lights switch
29 Dimmer switch
30 Pass switch
32 Tail/ Brake light
33 Licence light
36 Head light
39 Auxiliary light
40 Meter lights
8-22
ELEC
LIGHTING SYSTEM
ELEC
YP805010
TROUBLESHOOTING
IF THE HEADLIGHT, HIGH BEAM
INDICATOR LIGHT, TAILLIGHT,
MARKER LIGHT AND/OR METER LIGHT
FAIL TO COME ON.
Procedure
Check:
1. Fuse (Main)
2. Battery
3. Main switch
4. Lights switch
5. Dimmer switch and pass switch
6. Wiring connection (entire lighting system)
NOTE:
D Remove the following parts before troubleshooting.
1) Tail cover
2) Cowling body
D Use the special tools specified in the troubleshooting section.
Pocket tester:
90890-03112
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
1. Fuse
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Repalce the fuse.
CONTINUITY
INCORRECT
YP******
2. Battery
S Check the battery condition.
Refer to “BATTERY INSPECTION” section
in CHAPTER 3.
S Clean battery terminals.
S Recharge or replace battery.
CORRECT
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
3. Main switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the main switch.
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
4. Lights switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the right handlebar switch.
CONTINUITY
:
8-23
LIGHTING SYSTEM
ELEC
:
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
5. Dimmer switch/Pass switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the left handlebar switch.
YP******
6. Wiring connection
POOR CONNECTIONS
S Check the connections of the entire lighting
system.
Refer to “WIRING DIAGRAM”.
Correct.
Check the condition of each of the lighting
system’s circuits.
Refer to “LIGHTING SYSTEM CHECK”
YP805020
LIGHTING SYSTEM CHECK
1. If the headlight and the high beam indicator light fail to come on.
1. Bulb and bulb socket
NO CONTINUITY
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
CONTINUITY
Replace the bulb and/or bulb socket.
2. Voltage
S Connect the pocket tester (DC20 V) to the
headlight and high beam indicator light couplers.
A When the dimmer switch is on low beam.
When dimmer switch is on high beam or
B the Pass switch is pushed.
Headlight:
Tester (+) lead Green 1 or Yellow 2
lead
Tester negative (–) lead Black 3
lead
High beam indicator light:
Tester (+) lead Yellow 4 lead
Tester (–) lead Black 5 lead
:
8-24
LIGHTING SYSTEM
ELEC
:
S Turn the main switch to on.
S Turn the light switch to on position.
S Turn the dimmer switch to low beam or high
beam.
S Pass switch to push in.
S Check for voltage (12 V) on the lead at bulb
socket connectors.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
The wiring circuit from the main switch to
bulb socket connector is faulty. Repair.
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
This circuit is not faulty.
YP805021
2. If the meter light fails to come on.
NO CONTINUITY
1. Bulb and bulb socket
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the bulb and/or bulb socket.
CONTINUITY
2. Voltage
S Connect the pocket tester (DC20 V) to the
bulb socket coupler.
Tester (+) lead Blue terminal 1
Tester (–) lead Black terminal 2
S Turn the main switch to on.
S Turn the lights switch to on or pilot position.
S Check the voltage (12 V) of the leads on the
bulb socket connector.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
The wiring circuit from main switch to bulb
socket is faulty. Repair.
This circuit is not faulty.
8-25
LIGHTING SYSTEM
ELEC
YP805022
3. The taillight fails to come on.
NO CONTINUITY
1. Bulb and bulb socket
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the bulb and/or bulb socket.
CONTINUITY
2. Voltage
S Connect the pocket tester (DC20 V) to the
bulb socket connector.
Tester (+) lead Blue terminal 1
Tester (–) lead Black terminal 2
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
S Turn the main switch to on.
S Turn the lights switch to on or pilot position.
S Check the voltage (12 V) on the bulb socket
connector.
The wiring circuit from main switch to bulb
connector is faulty. Repair.
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
This circuit is not faulty.
8-26
LIGHTING SYSTEM
ELEC
YP805023
4. If the auxiliary light fails to come on.
NO CONTINUITY
1. Bulb and bulb socket
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the bulb and/or bulb socket.
CONTINUITY
2. Voltage
S Connect the pocket tester (DC20 V) to the
bulb socket connector.
Tester (+) lead Blue terminal 1
Tester (–) lead Black terminal 2
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
S Turn the main switch to on.
S Turn the lights switch to on or pilot position.
S Check the voltage (12 V) on the bulb socket
connector.
The wiring circuit from main switch to bulb
connector is faulty. Repair.
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
This circuit is not faulty.
8-27
SIGNAL SYSTEM
EB806000
SIGNAL SYSTEM
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
3 Main switch
4 Battery
5 Main fuse
23 Rear brake switch
24 Front brake switch
25 Flasher relay
26 Horn
27 Turn switch
28 Horn switch
33 Tail/ Brake light
34 Rear flasher lights
35 Front flasher lights
38 Turn indicator lights
43 Fuel gauge
49 Fuel sender
8-28
ELEC
SIGNAL SYSTEM
ELEC
YP806010
TROUBLESHOOTING
IF THE FLASHER LIGHT, BRAKE
LIGHT AND/OR INDICATOR LIGHT
FAIL TO COME ON.
IF THE HORN FAILS TO SOUND.
Procedure
Check:
1. Fuse (Main)
2. Battery
3. Main switch
4. Wiring connection (entire signal system)
NOTE:
D Remove the following parts before troubleshooting.
1) Cowling body
2) Side panels
D Use the special tools in the troubleshooting
section.
Pocket tester:
90890-03112
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
1. Fuse
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the fuse.
CONTINUITY
INCORRECT
YP******
2. Battery
S Check the battery condition.
Refer to “BATTERY INSPECTION” section
in CHAPTER 3.
S Clean battery terminals.
S Recharge or replace battery.
CORRECT
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
3. Main switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the main switch.
CONTINUITY
:
8-29
SIGNAL SYSTEM
:
YP******
4. Wireharness
S Check the connections of the entire signal
system.
Refer to “CIRCUIT SYSTEM WIRING DIAGRAM” section.
POOR CONNECTION
Correct.
CONTINUITY
Check condition of each of the signal system’s circuits.
Refer to “SIGNAL SYSTEM CHECK” section.
8-30
ELEC
SIGNAL SYSTEM
ELEC
YP806020
SIGNAL SYSTEM CHECK
1. If the horn fails to sound.
NO CONTINUITY
1. HORN switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the left handlebar switch.
CONTINUITY
2. Voltage
S Connect the pocket tester (DC20 V) to the
horn lead.
Tester (+) lead Brown terminal 1 .
Tester (–) lead Frame ground
S Turn the main switch to on.
S Check for voltage (12 V) on the “Brown” lead
at the horn terminal.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
The wiring circuit from the main switch to the
horn is faulty. Repair.
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
3. Horn
S Connect the pocket tester (DC20 V) to the
horn at the “Pink” terminal.
Tester (+) lead Pink 1 terminal.
Tester (–) lead Frame ground
S Turn the main switch to on.
S Check for voltage on the “Pink” lead to frame
ground.
NO CONTINUITY
CONTINUITY
Replace the horn.
Adjust or replace horn.
8-31
SIGNAL SYSTEM
ELEC
YP806022
2. If the brake light fails to come on:
NO CONTINUITY
1. Bulb and bulb socket
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the bulb and/or bulb socket.
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
2. Brake switch (Front/Rear)
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace brake switch.
CONTINUITY
3. Voltage
S Connect the pocket tester (DC20 V) to the
bulb socket connector.
Tester (+) lead Blue terminal 1
Tester (–) lead Black terminal 2
S Turn the main switch to on.
S The brake lever is pulled in.
S Check for voltage (12 V) of the “Yellow” lead
on the bulb socket connector.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
4. Wiring connection
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
S Wiring circuit from the main switch to the
bulb socket connector is faulty. Repair.
Refer to “SIGNAL SYSTEM WIRING DIAGRAM”.
This circuit is not faulty.
8-32
SIGNAL SYSTEM
ELEC
YP806023
3. If the flasher light and/or turn indicator light
fails to blink.
NO CONTINUITY
1. Bulb and bulb socket
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the bulb and/or bulb socket.
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
2. Turn switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the left handlebar switch.
CONTINUITY
3. Voltage
S Connect the pocket tester (DC20 V) to the
flasher relay coupler.
Tester (+) lead Brown terminal 1 .
Tester (–) lead Frame ground
S Turn the main switch to on.
S Check for voltage (12 V) of the “Brown”
1 lead at the flasher relay terminal.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
The wiring circuit from main switch to flasher
relay connector is faulty. Repair.
4. Voltage
S Connect the pocket tester (DC20 V) to the
flasher relay coupler.
Tester (+) lead Brown/White terminal 1.
Tester (–) lead Frame ground
S Turn the main switch to on.
S Check for voltage (12 V) on the “Brown/
White” lead at the flasher relay terminal.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
The flasher relay is faulty. Replace.
:
8-33
SIGNAL SYSTEM
ELEC
:
5. Voltage
S Connect the pocket tester (DC20 V) to the
bulb socket connector.
At flasher light (left)
Tester (+) lead Chocolate lead 1
Tester (–) lead Black terminal 3
At flasher light (right)
Tester (+) lead Dark green lead 2
Tester (–) lead Black terminal 3
S Turn the main switch to on.
S Turn the turn switch to left or right.
S Check for voltage (12 V) on the “Chocolate”
lead and “Dark green” at the flasher light terminal.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
6. Wiring connection
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
S Wiring circuit from the turn switch to bulb
socket connector is fault. Repair.
Refer to “CIRCUIT DIAGRAM”.
This circuit is not faulty.
8-34
SIGNAL SYSTEM
ELEC
YP806027
4. If the fuel gauge fails to operate.
1. Fuel sender
S Remove the fuel sender from the fuel tank.
S Disconnect the fuel sender coupler from the
wireharness.
Connect the pocket tester (Ω
10) to the
fuel sender coupler lead.
Tester (+) lead Green terminal 1
Tester (–) lead Black terminal 2
S Check the fuel sender for specificated resistance.
Float position
UP 3
DOWN 4
Specificated
resistance
4 X 10 Ω
90 X 100 Ω
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
Replace the fuel sender.
BOTH MEET
SPECIFICATION
2. Voltage
S Connect the pocket tester (DC20 V) to the
fuel gauge coupler.
Tester (+) lead Brown terminal 1
Tester (–) lead Frame ground
S Turn the main switch to “ON”.
S Check for voltage (12 V) of the “Brown” lead
on the fuel sender lead.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
Check the connection of the entire signal
system.
Refer to “CHECKING OF CONNECTIONS”.
Refer to “CIRCUIT DIAGRAM”.
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
:
8-35
SIGNAL SYSTEM
ELEC
:
3. Fuel gauge
S Connect the fuel sender to wireharness.
S Move the float to “UP” 1 or “DOWN” 2.
NOTE:
Before reading the meter, stay put the float for
more than three minutes respectively at “UP”
or “DOWN”.
S Turn the main switch to “ON”.
S Check the fuel gauge needle moves “F” or
“E”.
Float position
Float “UP” 1
Float “DOWN” 2
DOES NOT MOVE
Needle moves
“F”
“E”
Replace the fuel gauge.
MOVES
This circuit is not faulty.
8-36
COOLING SYSTEM
YP80700
COOLING SYSTEM
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
3 Main switch
4 Battery
5 Main fuse
20 Fuse (fan)
21 Thermo switch
22 Fan motor
46 Thermo meter
50 Thermo unit
8-37
ELEC
COOLING SYSTEM
ELEC
YP******
TROUBLESHOOTING
IF THE FAN MOTOR FAILS TO TURN.
Procedure
Check:
1. Fuse (Main, Fan)
2. Battery
3. Fan motor (inspection 1)
4. Fan motor (inspection 2)
5. Thermo switch
6. Wiring connection (entire cooling system)
NOTE:
D Remove the following parts before troubleshooting.
1) Side panels
2) Footrest board
3) Under cover
4) Drain the cooling water
D Use the special tools specified in the troubleshooting section.
Pocket tester:
90890-03112
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
1. Fuse
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the fuse.
CONTINUITY
INCORRET
YP******
2. Battery
S Check the battery condition.
Refer to “BATTERY INSPECTION” section
in CHAPTER 3.
S Clean battery terminals.
S Recharge or replace battery.
CORRECT
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
3. Main switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the main switch.
CONTINUITY
:
8-38
COOLING SYSTEM
ELEC
YP******
4. Fan motor (inspection 1)
Disconnect the fan motor couplers.
Cconnect the battery as shown.
Battery (+) lead Blue terminal 1
Battery (–) lead Black terminal 2
DOES NOT MOVE
Check the fan motor operation.
Replace fan motor.
MOVES
YP******
5. Fan motor (inspection 2)
Turn the main switch to on.
Remove the thermo switch lead from thermo
switch.
Connect jumper lead 1 to thermo switch
leads.
Turn the main switch to on.
DOES NOT MOVE
MOVES
The wiring circuit from battery to fan motor is
faulty. Repair.
YP807012
6. Thermo switch
Remove the thermo switch from the radiator.
Connect the pocket tester (Ω 1) to the
thermo switch 1 .
Immerse the thermo switch in the water
2.
Check the thermo switch for continuity.
NOTE:
Measure temperatures while heating the
coolant with the temperature gauge 3 .
8-39
COOLING SYSTEM
ELEC
S Handle the thermo switch with special
care.
Never subject it to strong shocks or allow
it to be dropped. Should it be dropped, it
must be replaced.
S Do not touch the thermo switch to the
bottom of the heated vessel.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
105"3_C
More than 98_C
A Thermo switch “ON”.
B Thermo switch “OFF”.
Replace the thermo switch.
CORRECT
7. Wiring connection
S Check the connection of the entire cooling
system.
Refer to “CIRCUIT DIAGRAM” section.
POOR CONNECTION
Correct.
8-40
COOLING SYSTEM
ELEC
YP807010
TROUBLESHOOTING
IF THE WATER TEMPERATURE
METER FAILS TO MOVE,
WHEN ENGINE IS WARM
Procedure
Check:
1. Fuse (Main, Fan)
2. Battery
3. Main switch
4. Thermo unit
5. Voltage
6. Wiring connection (entire cooling system)
NOTE:
D Remove the following parts before troubleshooting.
1) Fuel tank
2) Cowling body
D Use the special tools specified in the troubleshooting section.
Pocket tester:
90890-03112
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
1. Fuse
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the fuse.
CONTINUITY
INCORRET
YP******
2. Battery
S Check the battery condition.
Refer to “BATTERY INSPECTION” section
in CHAPTER 3.
S Clean battery terminals.
S Recharge or replace battery.
CORRECT
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
3. Main switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the main switch.
CONTINUITY
:
8-41
COOLING SYSTEM
ELEC
:
YP******
4. Thermo unit
S Drain the coolant, and remove the thermo
unit from the radiator.
S Immerse the thermo unit 2 in the coolant 3 .
1 Thermometer
D Handle the thermo unit with special care.
Never subject it to strong shocks or allow it to be dropped. Should it be
dropped, it must be replaced.
D Do not touch the thermo unit to the bottom of the heated vessel.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
Coolant temperature
Resistance
80_C
100_C
47.5 X 56.8 Ω
26.2 X 29.3 Ω
Replace the thermo unit.
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
YP******
5. Voltage
S Connect the pocket tester (DC20 V) to the
temperature gauge coupler.
Tester (+) lead Green/Red terminal 1
Tester (–) lead Frame ground
S Turn the main switch to on.
S Check for voltage (12 V) on the temperature
gauge lead.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
The wiring circuit from main switch to temperature gauge is faulty. Repair.
CORRECT
:
8-42
COOLING SYSTEM
:
YP******
6. Wiring connection
S Check the connections of the entire cooling
system.
Refer to “CIRCUIT DIAGRAM” section.
POOR CONNECTION
Correct.
CORRECT
Replace the temperature gauge.
8-43
ELEC
AUTO CHOKE SYSTEM
YP******
AUTO CHOKE SYSTEM
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
3
4
5
8
9
Main switch
Battery
Main fuse
Thermo switch (auto choke)
Auto choke
10 Ignitor unit
18 Engine stop switch
8-44
ELEC
AUTO CHOKE SYSTEM
ELEC
YP******
TROUBLESHOOTING
IF THE AUTO CHOKE FAILS
TO OPERATE.
Procedure
Check:
1. Fuse (Main)
2. Battery
3. Main switch
4. Engine stop switch
5.
6.
7.
8.
NOTE:
D Remove the following parts before troubleshooting.
1) Fuel tank
2) Footrest board
3) Cowling body
D Use the special tools specified in the troubleshooting section.
Thermo switch
Auto choke unit resistance
Voltage
Wiring connection
(entire auto choke system)
Pocket tester:
90890-03112
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
1. Fuse
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Repalce the fuse.
CONTINUITY
INCORRECT
YP******
2. Battery
S Check the battery condition.
Refer to “BATTERY INSPECTION” section
in CHAPTER 3.
S Clean battery terminals.
S Recharge or replace battery.
CORRECT
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
3. Main switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the main switch.
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
YP******
4. Engine stop switch
Refer to “CHECKING SWITCHES” section.
Replace the right handlebar switch.
CONTINUITY
:
8-45
AUTO CHOKE SYSTEM
ELEC
:
YP******
5. Thermo switch
S Disconnect the thermo switch from the radiator.
S Connect the pocket tester (Ω
1) to the
thermo switch 1 .
S Immerse the thermo switch in the coolant
2 .
S Check the thermo switch for continuity.
NOTE:
Note temperatures while heating the water
with the temperature gauge 3 .
S Handle the thermo switch with special
care.
Never subject it to strong shocks or allow
it to be dropped. Should it be dropped, it
must be replaced.
S Do not touch the thermo switch to bottom of the heated vessel.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
75"3_C
More than 68_C
A Thermo switch on.
B Thermo switch off.
Replace the thermo switch.
CORRECT
:
8-46
AUTO CHOKE SYSTEM
ELEC
:
YP******
6. Auto choke unit resistance
S Disconnect the auto choke unit coupler from
the wireharness.
S Connect the pocket tester (Ω
1) to the
auto choke unit coupler lead.
Tester (+) lead Black terminal 1
Tester (–) lead Black terminal 2
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
Auto choke unit resistance:
16 X 24 Ω (20_C)
Replace the auto choke unit.
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
YP******
7. Voltage (temperature under 68_C)
S Connect the pocket teser (DC20 V) to the ignitor unit.
Tester (+) lead Yellow/Red terminal 1 (1 terminal)
Tester (–) lead Frame ground
S Turn the main switch to on, and start the engine.
S Check for voltage (12 V) on “Yellow/Red”
terminal at the ignitor unit.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
Replace the ignitor unit.
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
YP******
8. Wiring connection
POOR CONNECTION
S Check the connection of the entire auto
choke system.
Refer to “CIRCUIT DIAGRAM” section.
Correct.
8-47
ELEC
CHAPTER 9.
TROUBLESHOOTING
STARTING FAILURE/HARD STARTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FUEL SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
COMPRESSION SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IGNITION SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
POOR IDLE SPEED PERFORMANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
POOR IDLE SPEED PERFORMANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
POOR MEDIUM AND HIGH SPEED PERFORMANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . .
POOR MEDIUM AND HIGH SPEED PERFORMANCE . . . . . . . . . .
POOR SPEED PERFORMANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
POOR SPEED PERFORMANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FAULTY CLUTCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WHEN ENGINE IS RUN, SCOOTER DOES NOT RUN . . . . . . . . . .
POOR SPEED PERFORMANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
POOR STARTING PERFORMANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OVERHEATING OR OVER COOLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OVERHEATING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OVER COOLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FAULTY BRAKE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
POOR BRAKING EFFECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRONT FORK MALFUNCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OIL LEAKAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MALFUNCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INSTABLE HANDLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INSTABLE HANDLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STARTER MOTOR DOES NOT OPERATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STARTER MOTOR DOES NOT OPERATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FAULTY SIGNAL AND LIGHTING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HEADLIGHT DARK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BULB BURNT OUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FLASHER DOES NOT BLINK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FLASHER KEEPS ON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FLASHER BLINKS SLOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FLASHER BLINKS QUICKER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HORN DOES NOT SOUND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WIRING DIAGRAM
9-1
9-1
9-1
9-2
9-2
9-2
9-3
9-3
9-3
9-3
9-4
9-4
9-4
9-4
9-5
9-5
9-5
9-6
9-6
9-6
9-6
9-6
9-7
9-7
9-7
9-7
9-8
9-8
9-8
9-8
9-8
9-8
9-8
9-8
STARTING FAILURE/HARD STARTING
TRBL
SHTG
EB90000
TROUBLESHOOTING
NOTE:
The following troubleshooting does not cover all the possible causes of trouble. It should be helpful,
however, as a guide to troubleshooting. Refer to the relative procedure in this manual for inspection,
adjustment and replacement of parts.
YP90000
STARTING FAILURE/HARD STARTING
FUEL SYSTEM
Fuel tank
Empty
Clogged fuel tank cap breather hole
Deteriorated fuel or fuel containing water or
foreign material
Fuel pump
Clogged fuel hose
Clogged fuel pump
Broken vacuum hose or improperly hose setting
Carburetor
Deteriorated fuel or fuel containing water or
foreign material
Clogged pilot jet
Clogged air passage
Improperly set pilot air screw
Clogged pilot air passage
Improperly sealed valve seat
Improperly adjusted fuel level
Clogged starter jet
Clogged emulsion (heated water) tube
Sucked-in air
Auto choke
Starter plunger malfunction
Wax malfunction
P.T.C. thermister malfunction
Ignitor unit malfunction
Thermo switch malfunction
Air cleaner
Clogged air cleaner element
Improper air cleaner setting
COMPRESSION SYSTEM
Cylinder and cylinder head
Loose spark plug
Loose cylinder head
Broken cylilnder head gasket
Broken cylinder gasket
Worn, damaged or seized cylinder
Piston and piston ring
Worn piston
Worn, fatigued or broken piston ring
Seized piston ring
Seized or damaged piston
Valve system
Improperly adjusted valve clearance
Improperly sealed valve
Improperly contacted valve and valve seat
Improper valve timing
Broken valve spring
Seized valve
9-1
POOR IDLE SPEED PERFORMANCE
IGNITION SYSTEM
Battery
Improperly charged battery
Faulty battery
Fuse
Burnt out, improper connection
Spark plug
Improper plug gap
Worn electrodes
Wire between terminals broken
Improper heat range
Worn electrodes
Faulty spark plug cap
Ignition coil
Broken or shorted primary/secondary coil
Faulty high tension cord
Broken ignitin coil body
TRBL
SHTG
Ignition system
Faulty ignitor unit
Faulty pick up coil
Broken magneto woodruff key
Switch
Faulty main switch
Faulty “ENGINE STOP” switch
Faulty front and/or rear brake switch
Faulty sidestand switch
Wiring
Loose battery terminal
Loose coupler connection
Improperly grounded
Broken wireharness
YP901000
POOR IDLE SPEED PERFORMANCE
POOR IDLE SPEED PERFORMANCE
Carburetor
Loose or clogged pilot jet
Damaged carburetor joint
Improperly tightened carburetor joint clamp
hose
Improperly adjusted idle speed
(Pilot screw), (Throttle stop screw), (CO test)
Improperly adjusted throttle cable
Flooded carburetor
Auto choke
Faulty starter plunger
Improper wax operation
Faulty ignitor unit
Faulty P.T.C. thermister
Air cleaner
Clogged air cleaner element
Ignition system
Faulty spark plug
Faulty high tension cord
Faulty ignitor unit
Faulty pick up coil
Faulty ignition coil
Valve system
Improperly adjusted valve clearance
9-2
POOR MEDIUM AND HIGH SPEED PERFORMANCE
TRBL
SHTG
EB902000
POOR MEDIUM AND HIGH SPEED PERFORMANCE
POOR MEDIUM AND HIGH SPEED PERFORMANCE
Refer to “STARTING FAILURE/HARD STARTING” section. (Fuel system, electrical system, compression system and valve train)
Carburetor
Air cleaner
Improperly adjusted fuel level
Clogged air cleaner element
Clogged main nozzle
Clogged or loose pilot jet
YP******
POOR SPEED PERFORMANCE
POOR SPEED PERFORMANCE
Ignition system
Dirty spark plug
Improper heat range
Faulty ignitor unit
Faulty pick up coil
Fuel system
Clogged fuel tank cap breather hole
Clogged air cleaner element
Clooged jet
Improperly adjusted fuel level
Improper carburetor air vent hose setting
Compression system
Worn cylinder
Worn or seized piston ring
Cylinder head gasket broken
Cylinder gasket broken
Carbon deposit build-up
Improperly adjusted valve clearance
Improperly contacted valve and valve seat
Faulty valve timing
Clutch
Refer to “CLUTCH SLIPPING/DRAGGING”
section
Engine oil
Improper oil level (low or over oil level)
Improper quality (Low oil viscosity)
Deterioration
Clogged oil passage
Brakes
Dragging brake
9-3
FAULTY CLUTCH
TRBL
SHTG
YP******
FAULTY CLUTCH
WHEN ENGINE IS RUN, SCOOTER DOES NOT RUN
V belt
POOR SPEED PERFORMANCE
Worn/bent/slipping
V belt
Cam, slider
Worn
Worn/damaged
Oily V belt
Compression spring
Roller weight
Damage
Worn/improper operation
Gears
Primary/secondary sheave
Damage
Worn
YP904000
CLUTCH SLIPPING
Clutch weight spring
Worn/loose
Clutch shoe
Worn/damaged
Primary sliding sheave
Seized
YP******
POOR STARTING PERFORMANCE
V belt
Slipping/oily V belt
Primary sliding sheave
Improper operation
Damage
Compression spring
Worn/loose
Secondary sliding sheave
Improper operation
Worn guide pin groove
Worn guide pin
Clutch shoe
Worn/bent
9-4
OVERHEATING OR OVER COOLING
YP905000
OVERHEATING OR OVER COOLING
OVERHEATING
Ignition system
Improper spark plug gap
Improper spark plug heat range
Faulty ignitor unit
Fuel system
Improper carburetor setting
Improper fuel level adjustment
Clogged air cleaner element
Compression system
Heavy carbon deposit build-up
Improperly adjusted valve timing
Improperly adjusted valve clearance
Engine oil
Incorrect engine oil level
Improper engine oil quality (High viscosity)
Low engine oil quality
Brakes
Dragging brake
Cooling system
Inoperative fan motor
Faulty thermostat
Faulty thermo switch
Incorrect coolant level (low coolant level)
Faulty radiator (Clogged, damage)
Faulty radiator cap
Impeller shaft gear malfunction (bent dowel
pin, gear)
Damaged impeller shaft
Disconnected fan motor connector
OVER COOLING
Cooling system
Faulty cooling fan
Faulty thermostat
Faulty thermo switch
9-5
TRBL
SHTG
FAULTY BRAKE/FRONT FORK MALFUNCTION
TRBL
SHTG
YP906000
YP907000
FAULTY BRAKE
FRONT FORK MALFUNCTION
POOR BRAKING EFFECT
Front brake
Worn brake pad
Worn brake disc
Air in brake fluid
Leaking brake fluid
Faulty master cylinder kit
Faulty caliper seal kit
Loose union bolt
Broken brake hose
Oily or greasy brake pad
Oily or greasy brake disc
Rear brake
Improper brake lever adjustment
Worn brake shoe
Improper brake shoe contact
Worn camshaft
Worn brake drum
Mud or water into brake drum inside
Oily or greasy brake lining
Faulty brake cable
Broken or fatigued tension spring
Faulty camshaft, cam lever
OIL LEAKAGE
Bent, damaged or rusty inner tube
Damaged or cracked outer tube
Damaged oil seal lip
Loose hexagon bolt
Damage cap bolt O-ring
MALFUNCTION
Bent inner tube
Deformed outer tube
Damaged fork spring
Bent cylinder complete
Improper oil viscosity (High viscosity)
Improper oil level
9-6
INSTABLE HANDLING/
STARTER MOTOR DOES NOT OPERATE
TRBL
SHTG
YP908000
YP******
INSTABLE HANDLING
STARTER MOTOR DOES NOT
OPERATE
INSTABLE HANDLING
Handlebars
Loose handlebar tightening bolt
Steering
Loose or overtightening steering nut
Bent under bracket
Damaged bearing or ball race
Front forks
Uneven oil levels on both sides
Broken front fork spring
Twisted front forks
Wheels
Incorrect wheel balance
Deformed wheel rim
Unevenly worn tires
Incorrect tire pressure
Loose bearing
Bent or loose wheel axle
Frame
Twisted
Damaged head pipe bearings
Rear arm
Faulty bearings
Bent rear arm
Rear shock absorber
Fatigued spring
Improperly adjusted spring preload
Oil leakage
Cowling
Damage
Improper mounting
STARTER MOTOR DOES NOT OPERATE
Battery
Insufficient battery capacity
Faulty battery
Fuse
Burnt out, improper connection
Switch
Faulty main switch
Faulty sidestand switch
Faulty front and/or rear brake switch
Faulty starting circuit cut-off relay
Faulty starter relay
Wireharness
Loose battery terminal
Loosely connected coupler
Improperly grounded
Broken wireharness
Starter motor
Worn brush
Faulty commutator
Broken armature coil
Engine
Seized engine
9-7
FAULTY SIGNAL AND LIGHTING SYSTEM
TRBL
SHTG
YP909000
FAULTY SIGNAL AND LIGHTING SYSTEM
HEADLIGHT DARK
Improper bulb
Too many electric accesories
Hard charging
Faulty rectifier/regulator
Faulty battery
Improperly connected coupler, connector,
wireharness
Improperly grounded
Faulty main switch or Lights (dimmer) switch
Bulb life expired
BULB BURNT OUT
Improper bulb
Faulty battery
Faulty rectifier/regulator
Improperly grounded
Faulty main switch
Bulb life expired
FLASHER DOES NOT BLILNK
Improperly grounded
Insufficient battery capacity
Faulty fuse
Faulty turn switch
Faulty flasher relay
Broken wireharness, incorrect coupler connection
Bulb burnt out
FLASHER KEEPS ON
Faulty flasher relay
Insufficient battery capacity
(nearly discharged)
Bulb burnt out (front or rear)
FLASHER BLINKS SLOWER
Faulty flasher relay
Insufficient battery capacity
(nearly discharged)
Improper bulb
Faulty main and/or turn switch
FLASHER BLINKS QUICKER
Improper bulb
Faulty flasher relay
HORN DOES NOT SOUND
Faulty battery
Faulty fuse
Faulty main and/or horn switch
Improper horn adjustment
Faulty horn (burnt coil, connector)
Broken wireharness
9-8
YP250 WIRING DIAGRAM
1. A.C. magneto
2. Rectifier / regulator
3. Main switch
4. Main fuse
5. Battery
6. Starter relay
7 Starter motor
8 Thermo switch (auto choke)
9. Auto choke
10. Ignitor unit
11. Ignition coil
12. Spark plug
13. Pickup coil
14. Sidestand switch
15. Starting circuit cut-off relay
16. Lights switch
17. Starter switch
18. Engine stop switch
19. Handlebar switches (right)
20. Fuse (fan)
21. Thermo switch
22. Fan motor
23. Rear brake switch
24. Front brake switch
25. Flasher relay
26. Horn
27. Turn switch
28. Horn switch
29. Dimmer switch
30. Pass switch
31. Handlebar switches (left)
32. Tail / Brake light
33. Licence light
34. Rear flasher lights
35. Front flasher lights
36. Head light
37. Auxiliary light
38. Turn indicator lights
39. High beam indicator light
40. Meter lights
41. Cil indicator light
42. Reset switch
43. Fuel gauge
44. Read switch
45. Clock
46. Thermometer
47. Speedometer
48. Meter assembly
49. Fuel sender
50. Thermo unit
COLOR CODE
B ........
Br . . . . . . .
Ch . . . . . .
Dg . . . . . .
G .......
L ........
O .......
Sb . . . . . . .
P ........
R........
Y ........
W .......
B/R. . . . . .
Black
Brown
Chocolate
Dark green
Green
Blue
Orange
Sky blue
Pink
Red
Yellow
White
Black / Red
Br / W . . . . .
G/R . . . . .
G / Y. . . . . .
L/B . . . . . .
L/Y . . . . . .
L/W . . . . .
L/R . . . . . .
R/B. . . . . .
R/Y. . . . . .
R/W . . . . .
Y/W . . . . .
W/G . . . . .
Brown / White
Green / Red
Green / Yellow
Blue / Black
Blue / Yellow
Blue / White
Blue / Red
Red / Black
Red / Yellow
Red / White
Yellow / White
White / Green
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