3152 Guide.book
ET1505AN
ET1505ANX
TaskConnect
Scan Tool Information
Complete the following list using
the function “Tool Information”.
Provide this information when
contacting customer support.
Serial No:
SW ID:
HW Ver:
Boot Ver:
Prod ID:
Board ID:
Burn Date:
Burn Loc:
If you have questions or concerns, contact
Technical Support:
Phone: 1-800-MAC-TOOLS
Mail: MAC Tools/Repairs
4380 Old Roberts Rd
Columbus, Ohio 43228
Copyright Information
Copyright © 2011 SPX Corporation
All rights reserved.
The information, specifications and illustrations in this
guide are based on the latest information available at the
time of printing. SPX Corporation reserves the right to
make changes at any time without notice.
Table of Contents
ToC
Safety Precautions
Read All Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i
Safety Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i
Type Styles Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Icons used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Important Safety Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Using This Manual
Safety Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Check Note. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Equipment Tips and Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Equipment Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Functions and Selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Menus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Questions and Responses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manual References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Screens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1–1
1–1
1–1
1–1
1–2
1–2
1–2
1–2
1–2
Getting Started
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Scanning Suite CD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing Applications On Included CD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vehicle Service Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OBD II. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAE Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Link Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Link Connector Pins. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OBD II Diagnostic Trouble Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2–1
2–2
2–3
2–4
2–6
2–7
2–8
2–8
2–9
Using The Scan Tool
The Scan Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Included with Scan Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vehicle Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
USB Power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3–1
3–2
3–2
3–3
3–3
3–4
3–4
3–5
3–5
i
ToC
System Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 5
Changing Measurement Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 6
Changing Display Contrast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 7
Changing Auto-Power Off. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 7
Quick Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 9
Print Header . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 10
Language Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 11
Long PID Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 12
View Tool Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 13
Display Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 14
Keypad Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 15
Memory Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 16
Program Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 17
Vehicle-Specific Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 18
Review Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 18
Recording . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 19
Print Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 21
Code Lookup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 22
Connecting The Scan Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 24
Vehicle Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 24
MAC TOOLS CONNECT Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 27
Acronyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 30
Component Locator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 – 31
Diagnostic Menu
Diagnostic Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 2
I/M Monitors (Emissions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 4
Read Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 7
Erase Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 13
MIL Status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 15
State OBD Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 16
View Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 18
View Entire List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 19
Custom List Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 21
Record Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 23
View Freeze Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 25
Drive Cycle Monitor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 27
O2 Monitor Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 30
Diagnostic Monitor Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 33
On-Board Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 36
Vehicle Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 37
Modules Present . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 – 40
Troubleshooting
Error Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 – 1
Scan Tool Does Not Power Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 – 1
Vehicle Communication Fault . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 – 2
Operating Error or Erroneous Data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 – 3
Battery Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 – 3
Tool Self-Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 – 5
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 – 5
ii
Appendix A—PID Definitions
Appendix B—Glossary
ToC
Declaration of Conformity
Limited Warranty
iii
iv
ToC
Safety Precautions
For your safety, read this manual thoroughly before operating your
Scan Tool. Always refer to and follow safety messages and test
procedures provided by the manufacturer of the vehicle or equipment
being tested.
The safety messages presented below and throughout this user’s
manual are reminders to the operator to exercise extreme care when
using this test instrument.
Read All Instructions
Read, understand and follow all safety messages and instructions in
this manual and on the test equipment. Safety messages in this section
of the manual contain a signal word with a three-part message and, in
some instances, an icon.
Safety Messages
Safety messages are provided to help prevent personal injury and
equipment damage. All safety messages are introduced by a signal
word. The signal word indicates the level of the hazard in a situation.
The types of safety messages are.
! DANGER
Indicates a possible hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, will result in death or serious injury to
operator or bystanders.
! WARNING
Indicates a possible hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in death or serious injury to
operator or bystanders.
! CAUTION
Indicates a possible hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, may result in moderate or minor injury to
operator or bystanders.
IMPORTANT
Indicates a condition which, if not avoided, may result
in damage to test equipment or vehicle.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Safety – i
!
Safety Precautions
!
Type Styles Used:
Safety messages contain three different type styles.
• Normal type states the hazard.
• Bold type states how to avoid the hazard.
• Italic type states the possible consequences of not avoiding the
hazard.
Icons Used:
An icon, when present, gives a graphical description of a potential
hazard.
Example:
Engine systems can malfunction expelling fuel, oil
vapors, hot steam, hot toxic exhaust gases, acid,
refrigerant and other debris.
Safety goggles and protective gloves must be worn
by the operator and any bystanders. Even if everyday
eyeglasses have impact resistant lenses, they are
NOT safety glasses.
Engine systems that malfunction can cause injury.
Safety – ii • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Safety Precautions
Important Safety Messages
Risk of electric shock.
• Do not exceed voltage limits between inputs
indicated in the Specifications.
• Use extreme caution when working with circuits that
have voltage greater than 60 volts DC or 24 volts
AC.
Electric shock can cause injury.
Risk of explosion.
! WARNING
• Safety goggles and protective clothing must be
worn by the operator and any bystanders.
- Even if everyday glasses have impact resistant
lenses, they are NOT safety glasses, and may not
provide adequate protection.
• Do not use this scan tool in environments where
explosive vapors may collect. These areas include:
- below-ground pits.
- confined areas.
- areas that are less than 18 inches above floor.
• Use this Scan Tool in locations with mechanical
ventilation providing at least 4 air changes per hour.
• Flammable fuel and vapors can ignite.
• Do not smoke, strike a match, or cause a spark in
the vicinity of the battery. Battery gases can ignite.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Safety – iii
!
Safety Precautions
!
• Avoid making an accidental connection between the
battery terminals. Do not place uninsulated metal
tools on the battery.
• When removing battery cables, remove the ground
cable first.
• Avoid sparks when connecting or disconnecting
power leads to the battery.
• Make sure ignition is off, headlights and other
accessories are off and vehicle doors are closed
before disconnecting the battery cables.
- This also helps prevent damage to on-board computer systems.
• Always disconnect the battery ground connections
before servicing electrical system components.
Explosion can cause injury.
! WARNING
Risk of poisoning.
• Use this Scan Tool in locations with mechanical
ventilation providing at least 4 air changes per hour.
Engine exhaust contains odorless gas which can be
lethal.
• Route the exhaust outside while testing with the
engine running.
Poisoning can result in death or serious injury.
Safety – iv • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Safety Precautions
! WARNING
Battery acid is a highly corrosive sulfuric acid.
• Safety goggles and protective gloves must be worn
by the operator and any bystanders.
- Even if your everyday glasses have impact resistant
lenses, they are NOT safety glasses, and may not
provide adequate protection.
• Make sure someone can hear you or is close enough
to provide aid when working near a battery.
• Have plenty of fresh water and soap nearby.
- If battery acid contacts skin, clothing, or eyes, flush
exposed area with soap and water for 10 minutes.
Seek medical help.
• Do not touch eyes while working near battery.
Battery acid can burn eyes and skin.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Safety – v
!
Safety Precautions
!
Risk of fire.
• Safety goggles and protective clothing must be
worn by the operator and any bystanders.
- Even if your everyday glasses have impact resistant
lenses, they are NOT safety glasses, and may not
provide adequate protection.
• Do not position your head directly in front of or over
the throttle body.
• Do not pour gasoline down the throttle body when
cranking or running the engine, when working with
fuel delivery systems or any open fuel line.
- Engine backfire can occur when the air cleaner is out
of position.
• Do not use fuel injector cleaning solvents when
performing diagnostic testing.
• Keep cigarettes, sparks, open flame and other
sources of ignition away from vehicle.
• Keep a dry chemical (Class B) fire extinguisher rated
for gasoline, chemical and electrical fires in work
area.
Fire can cause death or serious injury.
Risk of flying particles.
• Safety goggles and protective gloves must be worn
by the operator and any bystanders while using
electrical equipment.
- Electrical equipment or rotating engine parts can
cause flying particles.
- Even if your everyday glasses have impact resistant
lenses, they are NOT safety glasses, and may not
provide adequate protection.
Flying particles can cause eye injury.
Safety – vi • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Safety Precautions
Risk of burns.
• Batteries can produce a short-circuit current high
enough to weld jewelry to metal.
- Remove jewelry such as rings, bracelets and
watches before working near batteries.
Short circuits can cause injury.
! WARNING
Risk of burns.
• Do not remove radiator cap unless engine is cold.
- Pressurized engine coolant may be hot.
• Do not touch hot exhaust systems, manifolds,
engines, radiators, sample probe.
• Wear insulated gloves when handling hot engine
components.
• Tester leads can become hot after extended testing
in close proximity to manifolds.
Hot components can cause injury.
Risk of expelling fuel, oil vapors, hot steam, hot toxic
exhaust gases, acid, refrigerant and other debris.
• Safety goggles and protective clothing must be
worn by the operator and any bystanders.
- Even if your everyday glasses have impact resistant
lenses, they are NOT safety glasses, and may not
provide adequate protection.
• Engine systems can malfunction, expelling fuel, oil
vapors, hot steam, hot toxic exhaust gases, acid,
refrigerant and other debris.
Fuel, oil vapors, hot steam, hot toxic exhaust gases,
acid, refrigerant and other debris can cause serious
injury.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Safety – vii
!
Safety Precautions
!
Engine compartment contains electrical connections and
hot or moving parts.
• Keep yourself, test leads, clothing and other objects
clear of electrical connections and hot or moving
engine parts.
• Do not wear watches, rings, or loose fitting clothing
when working in an engine compartment.
• Do not place tools or test equipment on fenders or
other places in engine compartment.
• Barriers are recommended to help identify danger
zones in test area.
• Prevent personnel from walking through test area.
Contacting electrical connections and hot or moving
parts can cause injury.
Risk of injury.
• The Scan Tool should be operated by qualified
personnel only.
• Use the scan tool only as described in the user’s
manual.
• Use only manufacturer’s recommended
attachments.
• Do not operate the Scan Tool with damaged cables.
• Do not operate the Scan Tool if it has been dropped
or damaged, until examined by a qualified service
representative.
Operation of the Scan Tool by anyone other than
qualified personnel may result in injury.
Safety – viii• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Safety Precautions
! WARNING
Risk of unexpected vehicle movement.
• Block drive wheels before performing a test with
engine running.
PRNDL2
• Unless instructed otherwise:
- set parking brake
- put gear selector in neutral for manual transmissions
- put gear selector in park for automatic transmissions
- disconnect release mechanism on the automatic
parking brake release for testing and reconnect when
testing is completed.
• Do not leave a running engine unattended.
A moving vehicle can cause injury.
! CAUTION
Risk of equipment or circuit damage.
• Unless specifically directed by manufacturer, make
sure ignition is off before connecting or
disconnecting connectors or any vehicle electrical
terminals.
• Do not create a short between battery terminals with
a jumper wire or tools.
Improper equipment use can cause equipment or circuit
damage.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Safety – ix
!
Safety Precautions
!
! CAUTION
Misdiagnosis may lead to incorrect or improper repair
and/or adjustment.
• Do not rely on erratic, questionable, or obviously
erroneous test information or results.
- If test information or results are erratic, questionable,
or obviously erroneous, make sure all connections
and data entry information are correct and test
procedures were performed correctly.
- If test information or results are still suspicious, do
not use them for diagnosis.
Improper repair and/or adjustment may cause vehicle or
equipment damage or unsafe operation.
! DANGER
Some vehicles are equipped with air bags.
• Follow service manual warnings when working
around air bag components or wiring.
- If service manual instructions are not followed, an air
bag may deploy unexpectedly, resulting in injury.
- Note an air bag can still deploy several minutes after
ignition key is off (or even if vehicle battery is
disconnected) because of a special energy reserve
module.
An air bag opening can cause injury.
Safety – x • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Section 1 – Using This Manual
This manual contains instructions for the use and setup of your Scan Tool.
Safety Messages
Refer to Safety Precautions on page Safety - i.
1
Check Note
A check note provides additional information about the subject in the preceding
paragraph.
Example:
✓
English is the default measurement unit.
Equipment Tips and Lists
Equipment tips and lists provide information that applies to specific equipment.
Each tip is introduced by this icon  for easy identification.
Example:
❒ Observe all vehicle and/or equipment manufacturer’s cautions and
warnings when testing with the Scan Tool.
Equipment Damage
Situations arise during testing that could damage the vehicle or the test
equipment. The word IMPORTANT signals these situations.
Example:
IMPORTANT
Failure to follow these instructions could damage the Scan Tool.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 1–1
Using This Manual
Functions and Selections
Diagnostic and tool functions performed by the Scan Tool are highlighted in
bold.
Example:
The View Data function allows you to view the vehicle’s parameter identification
(PID) data in real time.
1
Menus
The menus on the Scan Tool display are referenced in the procedures and are
highlighted in bold-italic text.
Example:
When the Main Menu displays, the Scan Tool is ready for use.
Questions and Responses
Messages and user responses are CAPITALIZED.
Example:
The Scan Tool displays the pending DTCs or a message stating SYSTEM
PASS: NO FAULT DETECTED.
Manual References
Used to reference other sections of the manual. References include the Title
and page number (section-page).
Example:
For more information on DTCs, refer to “OBD II Diagnostic Trouble Codes
(DTCs)” on page 2-9.
Screens
Certain help messages, information, and data that are displayed on the scan
tool are also shown in graphical text boxes. The screens are presented as
examples and may change as the software is updated.
Example:
Main Menu
=====================
Vehicle Diagnosgtics
Component Locator
Acronyms
Review Data
Print Data
Code Lookup
1–2 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Section 2 – Getting Started
Introduction
The Scan Tool was developed by experts in the automotive service
industry to help diagnose vehicles and assist in troubleshooting
procedures.
The Scan Tool monitors vehicle events and retrieves codes from the
vehicle’s control modules to help pinpoint problem areas.
All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this manual
are based on the latest information available from industry sources at
the time of publication.
No warranty (expressed or implied) can be made for its accuracy or
completeness, nor is any responsibility assumed by the manufacturer
or anyone connected with it for loss or damages suffered through
reliance on any information contained in this manual or misuse of
accompanying product. The manufacturer reserves the right to make
changes at any time to this manual or accompanying product without
obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 2–1
2
Getting Started
Using the Scanning Suite CD
✓
✓
✓
2
✓
The included CD is NOT required to operate the Scan Tool
Install the CD application prior to connecting the Scan Tool to the
PC.
Some of the items included on the CD are:
❒
❒
❒
❒
To be able to use the included CD the PC must meet the following
minimum requirements:
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
✓
✓
Manuals included with Scan Tool
Tool update software
Adobe Acrobat Reader Installer
Print Capture
Microsoft Windows 2000, XP, Vista, and 7
CD ROM Drive
Adobe Acrobat Reader
Internet Explorer 4.0 or newer
Screen Resolution of 800 x 600
– If screen resolution is 800 x 600, in Display Properties, Settings
Tab, set Font Size to Small Fonts.
Use Scanning Suite to determine if updates are available for your
tool by clicking Check for Update button.
You can also configure the Scanning Suite Frequency (SS
Frequency) to automatically check every xx minutes. The default
frequency is 30 minutes.
2–2 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Getting Started
Installing Applications On Included CD
1. Close all programs on the computer.
2. Place the CD in CD-Drive.
✓
If CD does not start automatically;
❒ Select the Start button.
❒ Select Run...
❒ Enter “X:\Setup.exe” in Open Box on
Computer and select OK.
Run
Start
❒ “X” is the CD-ROM
drive letter on the
computer.
Enter
3. Follow screen prompts on the computer to install the
applications.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 2–3
2
Getting Started
Vehicle Service Information
The following is a list of web sites and phone numbers where electronic
engine control (EEC) diagnostic information is available.
✓
Some manuals may be available at your local dealer, auto parts
stores or local public libraries.
Domestic Vehicles
2
General Motors
Chevrolet
Pontiac
Oldsmobile
Buick
Cadillac
Saturn
Ford
Ford
Lincoln
Mercury
Chrysler
Chrysler
Dodge
Plymouth
Eagle
Web Site
Phone Number
www.chevrolet.com
www.pontiac.com
www.oldsmobile.com
www.buick.com
www.cadillac.com
www.saturn.com
1-800-551-4123
1-800-551-4123
1-800-551-4123
1-800-551-4123
1-800-333-4CAD
1-800-553-6000
www.ford.com
www.lincoln.com
www.mercury.com
1-800-392-3673
1-800-392-3673
1-800-392-3673
www.chrysler.com
www.dodge.com
Not Available
Not Available
1-800-348-4696
1-800-348-4696
1-800-348-4696
1-800-348-4696
www.audi.com
www.vw.com
www.bmw.com
www.mini.com
www.jaguar.com
www.volvo.com
www.mercedes-benz.com
www.landrover.com
www.porsche.com
www.saab.com
1-800-544-8021
1-800-544-8021
1-201-307-4000
1-201-307-4000
1-800-4-JAGUAR
1-800-458-1552
1-800-367-6372
1-800-637-6837
1-800-PORSCHE
1-800-955-9007
European Vehicles
Audi
Volkswagon
BMW
MINI
Jaguar
Volvo
Mercedes-Benz
Land Rover
Porsche
Saab
Asian Vehicles
Acura
Honda
Lexus
Scion
Toyota
Hyundai
www.acura.com
www.honda.com
www.lexus.com
www.scion.com
www.toyota.com
www.hyundai.com
1-800-999-1009
1-800-999-1009
1-800-255-3987
1.866.70.SCION
1-800-GO-TOYOTA
1-800-633-5151
2–4 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Getting Started
Infiniti
Nissan
Kia
Mazda
Daewoo
Subaru
Isuzu
Geo
Mitsubishi
Suzuki
www.infiniti.com
www.nissanusa.com
www.kia.com
www.mazda.com
www.daewoo.com
www.subaru.com
www.isuzu.com
Not Available
www.mitsubishi.com
www.suzukiauto.com
1-800-662-6200
1-800-nissan1
1-800-333-4542
1-800-222-5500
1-822-759-2114
1-800-SUBARU3
1-800-255-6727
Not Available
1-888-MITSU2004
1-800-934-0934
Other Manuals
Chilton Book Company
Haynes Publications
Bentley Publishers
www.chiltonsonline.com
1-800-347-7707
www.haynes.com
1-800-242-4637
www.bentleypublishers.com 1-800-423-4595
Repair Information Programs
Mitchell
ALLDATA
www.mitchell1.com
www.alldata.com
1-888-724-6742
1-800-697-2533
Suitable Manual Titles
Diagnostic Service Manuals
PowerTrain Codes and Oxygen Sensors
Automotive Emission Control Manual
Fuel Injection
Automotive Electrical Manual
Automotive Electrics and Electronics
Automotive Sensors
Electronic Transmission Control
Emission Control Technology
Engine Management
or similar titles...
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 2–5
2
Getting Started
OBD II
On-board diagnostics version II (OBD II) is a system the Society of
Automotive Engineers (SAE) developed to standardize automotive
electronic diagnostics. Since1996, most new vehicles sold in the United
States are fully OBD II compliant. Technicians can use the same tool to
test any OBD II compliant vehicle without special adapters.
SAE established guidelines to provide:
2
❒ A universal data link connector, called the DLC, with dedicated
pin assignments.
❒ A standard location for the DLC, visible under the dash on driver’s
side.
❒ A standard list of diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) to be used by
all manufacturers.
❒ A standard list of parameter identification (PID) data to be used by
all manufacturers.
❒ Ability for vehicle systems to record operating conditions when a
fault occurs.
❒ Expanded diagnostic capabilities to record codes whenever a
condition occurs affecting vehicle emissions.
❒ Ability to clear stored codes from the vehicle memory with a Scan
Tool.
2–6 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Getting Started
SAE Publications
SAE has defined a standard communication protocol establishing
hardware, software, and circuit parameters of OBD II systems.
However, the SAE publishes recommendations, not laws. The
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and California Air Resources
Board (CARB) mandated that many of SAE's recommendations
become legal requirements for vehicle manufacturers to phase in over
a three-year period.
Prior to 1996, vehicle manufacturers had different interpretations of
OBD standard communications protocol. As a result, the generic OBD
communications scheme varied depending on the manufacturer and
oftentimes the vehicle itself.
Beginning in 1994, vehicles with new engine management computers
(about 10% of each manufacturers fleet ) were supposed to comply with
OBD II standards. For 1995, OBD II systems were to appear on about
40% of the new vehicles sold in the United States. Because some of
the 1994-1995 OBD II systems were not fully compliant, so the
Government granted waivers to give manufacturers time to fine-tune
their systems. By 1996, most of the new vehicles sold in the United
States were fully OBD II compliant.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 2–7
2
Getting Started
Data Link Connector
The data link connector (DLC) allows the Scan Tool to communicate
with the vehicle computer(s).
Beginning in 1996, vehicles sold in the United States use the J1962
(OBD II) DLC, a term taken from a physical and electrical specification
number assigned by the SAE (J1962). The DLC is located under the
dashboard on the driver’s side of the vehicle. If the DLC is not located
under the dashboard as stated, a decal describing its location should be
attached to the dashboard in the area the DLC should have been
located.
2
.
Data Link Connector Pins
1 - Manufacturer Reserved
2 - J1850 Bus+
3 - Manufacturer Reserved
4 - Chassis Ground
5 - Signal Ground
6 - CAN High, J-2284
7 - K Line, ISO 9141-2 & ISO/DIS 14230-4
8 - Manufacturer Reserved
9 - Manufacturer Reserved
10 - J1850 Bus11 - Manufacturer Reserved
12 - Manufacturer Reserved
1
8
9
16
13 - Manufacturer Reserved
14 - CAN Low, J-2284
15 - L Line, ISO 9141-2 & ISO/DIS 14230-4
16 - Battery Power
2–8 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Getting Started
OBD II Diagnostic Trouble Codes
✓
J2012 and ISO 15031-6 are standards for all diagnostic trouble
codes (DTCs), established by the SAE, International Organization
for Standardization (ISO) and other governing bodies.
❒ Codes and definitions assigned by these specifications are
known as Generic OBD II codes.
❒ OBD II requires compliance to these standards for all cars, light
trucks, APVs, MPVs, and SUVs sold in the United States.
❒ Codes not reserved by the SAE are reserved for the
manufacturer and referred to as Manufacturer Specific Codes.
✓
DTCs are used to help determine the cause of a problem or
problems with a vehicle.
❒ DTCs consist of a five-digit alphanumeric code.
❒ The DTCs format and general code types are shown below.
Bx - Body
Cx - Chassis
Px - Powertrain
Ux - Network Comm.
x = 0, 1, 2 or 3
P0 1 0 1
Specific Fault Designation
Vehicle Specific System
Example:
P0101 - Mass or Volume Air Flow Circuit Range/Performance Problem
Powertrain Codes
P0xxx - Generic (SAE)
P1xxx - Manufacturer Specific
P2xxx - Generic (SAE)
P30xx-P33xx - Manufacturer Specific
P34xx-P39xx - Generic (SAE)
Chassis Codes
C0xxx - Generic (SAE)
C1xxx - Manufacturer Specific
C2xxx - Manufacturer Specific
C3xxx - Generic (SAE)
Body Codes
B0xxx - Generic (SAE)
B1xxx - Manufacturer Specific
B2xxx - Manufacturer Specific
B3xxx - Generic (SAE)
Network Communication Codes
U0xxx - Generic (SAE)
U1xxx - Manufacturer Specific
U2xxx - Manufacturer Specific
U3xxx - Generic (SAE)
Within each category (Powertrain, Chassis, Body and Network) of
DTCs there are assigned ranges for different vehicle systems.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 2–9
2
Getting Started
2
2 – 10 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Section 3 – Using The Scan Tool
The Scan Tool
1 DLC Cable – provides connection for vehicle interface.
2
ON/OFF key – turns power ON or OFF.
3
ENTER key – selects displayed items.
4
LEFT or
RIGHT arrow keys – selects YES or NO, and selects data
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
parameters for custom data list.
UP or
DOWN arrow keys – moves selection UP or DOWN.
MAC TOOLS CONNECT – allows the operator to access
vehicle-specific repair information.
BACK key – goes to the previous screen or level.
LCD Display – backlit, 128 x 64 pixel display with contrast adjustment.
USB Port – provides a USB connection for the computer.
Serial Number Plate – provides serial number of Scan Tool.
Battery Compartment – provides power to the Scan Tool when
reprogramming from a personal computer or off-vehicle reviewing of codes
and printing.
1
2
8
7
3
4
5
6
5
4
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 3–1
3
Using The Scan Tool
Specifications
Display: Backlit, 128 x 64 pixel display with contrast adjust
Operating Temperature: 32 to 122°F (0 to 50°C)
Storage Temperature: -4 to 158°F (-20 to 70°C)
Internal Power: 4-AAA Batteries
External Power: 7 to 16 Volts
✓
A minimum of 8.0 V is required for most control modules to operate
properly in a vehicle.
3
Dimensions: Height x Width x Depth
4.07" (103.4mm) x 7.05" (179.1mm) x 1.63" (41.4mm)
Included with Scan Tool
Table 1: Included with Scan Tool
Part
Part Description
CD
The CD contains the Scanning Suite PC Application. Refer to page 2-2 for
how to use the CD.
USB Cable
Used to print and upgrade tool software.
Carry Case
Place to store the Scan Tool when tool is not in use.
Quick Start
Manual
A short version of the user manual which explains enough tool
functionality to get you started using your Scan Tool.
✓
Replacement Parts are available from the manufacturer by
contacting customer service.
• Phone at 1-800-MAC-TOOLS (8:00 - 8:00 EST Monday - Friday).
3–2 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Using The Scan Tool
Display
The display has a large viewing area for displaying messages,
instructions, and diagnostic information.
The back-lit liquid crystal display (LCD) is a 128 x 64 pixel display.
❒ Characters used to help operate the Scan Tool are:



M
A
C
Indicates information is available for an item or multiple items.
Indicates additional information is available on previous screen
by using the
UP arrow key.
Indicates additional information is available on next screen by
DOWN arrow key.
using the
Indicates internal batteries need replaced or are not installed.
Indicates MAC TOOLS CONNECT Key is active.
Indicates graphical viewing available.
Keypad
The keypad is used to move through the different menus of the Scan
Tool. The Scan Tool software is designed for ease in operating and
navigating through menus.
! CAUTION
Do not use solvents such as alcohol to clean keypad
or display. Use a mild nonabrasive detergent and a
soft cotton cloth.
! CAUTION
Do not soak keypad as water may seep inside the
Scan Tool.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 3–3
3
Using The Scan Tool
Power
Internal Battery
✓
✓
Battery power is not required to use tool.
ON/OFF key on Scan Tool turns tool on and off.
❒ Press and hold
ON/OFF key for at least 1 second to turn on
Scan Tool.
✓
✓
3
✓
✓
✓
The Scan Tool will automatically turn OFF after a user-selectable
period of inactivity when powered from the internal batteries.
When powered from the internal batteries, the Scan Tool turns off
the backlighting for the display if no key presses are made during
a 1-minute period.
If a key is pressed prior to the Scan Tool powering off, the
backlighting for the display will turn back on.
The Scan Tool must be attached to the vehicle to perform
diagnostic functions. The Scan Tool disables the diagnostic
functions when powered from the internal batteries.
Each time the Scan Tool is
powered up, voltage of the
internal battery is checked.
❒ If voltage is low, the Low
Battery Symbol ( )
displays on screen.
❒ Replace the battery using
instructions provided in
Battery Replacement.
! CAUTION
Main Menu
=====================
Vehicle Diagnosgtics
Component Locator
Acronyms
Review Data
Print Data
Code Lookup
If the Scan Tool will not be used for an extended
period of time, remove the batteries to prevent
battery leakage from damaging the battery
compartment.
3–4 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Using The Scan Tool
Vehicle Power
When the Scan Tool is connected to the
vehicle’s DLC, the tool is powered by the
vehicle and will automatically turn on once
connected.
Diagnostic
Connector
USB Power
When the tool is connected to a Personal Computer (PC) via the USB
cable, the tool will automatically power up.
✓
Refer to Scan Tool Does Not Power Up in section 5
Troubleshooting on page 5-1 if there are problems.
3
System Setup
✓
System Setup allows:
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
Measurement units to be changed.
Display contrast to be changed.
Auto-Power off time to be changed.
Print Header to be turned ON or OFF.
Scan Tool information to be viewed.
Display to be checked.
Operation of the keypad to be checked.
Memory of the tool to be checked.
Scan Tool to be upgraded.
Language to be changed.
Quick Test to be turned ON or OFF.
Scan Tool License to be viewed.
Long PID names to be turned ON or OFF.
From Main Menu:
Main Menu
=====================
Component Locator
Acronyms
Review Data
Print Data
Code Lookup
System Setup
1.Select System Setup.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until System Setup is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 3–5
Using The Scan Tool
Changing Measurement Units
✓
English is the default measurement unit.
✓
Measurement units can be changed in View and Record Data.
From System Setup screen:
1.Select English/Metric.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until English/Metric is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
3
2.Select Desired
Measurement Unit.
UP or
DOWN arrow
•Use
key until desired unit is
highlighted.
System Setup
=====================
English/Metric
Adjust Contrast
Auto-Power Off
Quick Test
Print Header
Language Setup
Measurement Units
=====================
English
Metric
3.Save Measurement Setting.
ENTER.
•Press
3–6 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Using The Scan Tool
Changing Display Contrast
From System Setup screen:
1.Select Adjust Contrast.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Adjust Contrast is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
2.Increase or Decrease
Display Contrast.
UP arrow key to
•Use
increase Contrast.
DOWN arrow key to
•Use
decrease Contrast.
System Setup
=====================
English/Metric
Adjust Contrast
Auto-Power Off
Quick Test
Print Header
Language Setup
3
Adjust Contrast
=====================
50%
Darken
Lighten
Press ENTER
to Cont
3.Save Contrast Setting
and return to the System
Setup menu.
ENTER.
•Press
Changing Auto-Power Off
The Auto-Power Off feature allows the tool to turn off automatically after
a selected amount of time when tool is not being used. The Auto-Power
Off feature will only turn the tool off when it is operating on battery
power.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 3–7
Using The Scan Tool
From System Setup menu:
1.Select Auto-Power Off.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Auto-Power Off is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
3
2.Increase or Decrease Auto
Power Off Time.
•Use
UP arrow key to
increase Time.
DOWN arrow key to
•Use
decrease Time.
System Setup
=====================
English/Metric
Adjust Contrast
Auto-Power Off
Quick Test
Print Header
Language Setup
Auto-Power Off
=====================
15
Minute(s)
Increase Time
Decrease Time
Press ENTER
to Cont
3.Save Auto Power Off Time.
ENTER.
•Press
3–8 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Using The Scan Tool
Quick Test
✓
Quick Test is a feature of the tool that occurs the first time the tool
establishes communication with the vehicle after vehicle selection.
Quick Test displays the results of I/M Monitors and Read Codes.
Quick Test is enabled by default.
From System Setup menu:
1.Select Quick Test.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Quick Test is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
2.Select desired Quick Test
choice.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until desired choice is
highlighted.
System Setup
=====================
English/Metric
Adjust Contrast
Auto-Power Off
Quick Test
Print Header
Language Setup
Quick Test
=====================
ON
OFF
3.Save Quick Test setting.
• Press
ENTER.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 3–9
3
Using The Scan Tool
Print Header
✓
✓
Print Header selection allows the user to turn off the Scan Tool
printing the currently-selected vehicle prior to the retrieved vehicle
data when selecting items from the Print Data menu.
For example, if your currently-selected vehicle is a 2008 Chevrolet
Corvette W = 6.2L, this information would print at the top of the
page for the data you are printing.
From System Setup menu:
3
1.Select Print Header.
UP or
DOWN arrow
•Use
key until Print Header is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
2.Select desired Print Header
choice.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until desired choice is
highlighted.
System Setup
=====================
English/Metric
Adjust Contrast
Auto-Power Off
Quick Test
Print Header
Language Setup
Print Header
=====================
ON
Off
OFF
3.Save Print Header setting.
• Press
ENTER.
3 – 10 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Using The Scan Tool
Language Setup
✓
✓
Language Setup selection allows the user to change the language
used by the Tool.
English is the default language.
From System Setup menu:
1.Select Language Setup.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Language Setup is
highlighted.
•Press
ENTER.
2.Select desired Language
Setup choice.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until desired choice is
highlighted.
System Setup
=====================
English/Metric
Adjust Contrast
Auto-Power Off
Quick Test
Print Header
Language Setup
Language Setup
=====================
English
Espanol
Francais
3.Save Language Setup
setting.
ENTER.
• Press
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 – 11
3
Using The Scan Tool
Long PID Names
✓
Long PID Names allows the user to enable/disable the tool
scrolling the complete PID name on the bottom line of the display
while viewing Live Data or viewing Freeze Data.
From System Setup menu:
1.Select Long PID Names.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Long PID Names is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
3
2.Select desired Long PID
Names choice.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until desired choice is
highlighted.
System Setup
=====================
Adjust Contrast
Auto-Power Off
Quick Test
Print Header
Language Setup
Long
PID Names
Language
Setup
Long PID Names
=====================
ON
OFF
3.Save Long PID Names
setting.
• Press
ENTER.
3 – 12 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Using The Scan Tool
View Tool Information
✓
This function allows you to view specific tool information that may
be needed when contacting customer service.
From System Setup menu:
1.Select Tool Information.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Tool Information is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
System Setup
=====================
Auto-Power Off
Quick Test
Print Header
Language Setup
Long PID Names
Tool Information
3
2.View Information:
❒ Serial Number (Serial No:)
❒ Software ID (SW ID:)
❒ Hardware Version
(HW Ver:)
❒ Boot Version (Boot Ver:)
❒ Product ID (Prod ID:)
❒ Board ID (Board ID:)
❒ Burn Date (Burn Date:)
❒ Burn Location (Burn Loc:)
Tool Information
=====================
Serial No 10002076
SW ID
0A46H
HW Ver
1
Boot Ver
1
Prod ID
5
Board ID
11
3.Write Down Scan Tool Information.
• Space is provided on inside front cover of this manual to record
the Scan Tool information.
4.Return to Setup Tool Menu.
•Use the
BACK key.
OR
•Use the
ENTER Key.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 – 13
Using The Scan Tool
Display Test
The Display Test is used to check the display.
✓
The test fills every pixel of the display with a solid black character.
From System Setup menu:
1.Select Display Test.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Display Test is
highlighted.
System Setup
=====================
Print Header
Language Setup
Long PID Names
Tool Information
Display Test
Keypad Test
3
2. Start Display Test.
ENTER.
•Press
3. Look for Missing Spots.
• All characters display are solid black if there are no bad spots.
• Screen flips back and forth between screens shown below.
Display Test
=====================
Check for Missing
Spots in Display
Press BACK
4. When Done, Press
to Exit
BACK Key.
3 – 14 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Using The Scan Tool
Keypad Test
The Keypad Test is used to verify keys are working correctly.
From System Setup menu:
1.Select Keypad Test.
UP or
DOWN arrow
•Use
key until Keypad Test is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
System Setup
=====================
Language Setup
Long PID Names
Tool Information
Display Test
Keypad Test
Memory Test
3
2. Press a KEY.
• Key name or scroll direction should inverse colors on display.
BACK key. When
BACK key is
• The only exception is the
pressed, System Setup menu returns.
✓
If System Setup menu does not return, then
working correctly.
BACK key is not
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 – 15
Using The Scan Tool
Memory Test
✓
The Memory Test will test RAM and Flash ROM.
✓
Run the Memory Test if the tool has trouble:
❒ Playing back recorded data.
❒ Displaying trouble code definitions.
3
From System Setup menu:
1.Select Memory Test.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Memory Test is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
✓
✓
Memory Test may take several
minutes to complete.
Memory Test results display.
❒ If no problems were
Memory Test
=====================
INT RAM
Passed
INT FLASH
Passed
Press BACK
To Exit
detected, then PASS is displayed
❒ If RAM fails, an error
message is shown.
❒ If FLASH fails, a checksum
is shown.
System Setup
=====================
Language Setup
Long PID Names
Tool Information
Display Test
Keypad Test
Memory Test
2. Return to System Setup menu.
•Press
BACK.
3 – 16 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Using The Scan Tool
Program Mode
The Program Mode is used for
updating the Scan Tool. Instructions
are provided with upgrades. Refer
to “Using the Scanning Suite CD”
on page 2-2.
System Setup
=====================
Long PID Names
Tool Information
Display Test
Keypad Test
Memory Test
Program Mode
3
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 – 17
Using The Scan Tool
Vehicle-Specific Features
Review Data
✓
✓
The Review Data function allows the user to view the information
from the previous vehicle tested.
Scan Tool does not require power from the vehicle to use the
Review Data function.
1. Select Review Data.
UP or
DOWN arrow
•Use
key until Review Data is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
3
Main Menu
=====================
Vehicle Diagnostics
Component Locator
Acronyms
Review Data
Print Data
Code Lookup
2. Follow prompts and instructions provided by Scan Tool and
then select item whose data you wish to review.
✓
✓
✓
The Review Data menu shows a
checkmark next to the item(s) that
has data.
If there isn’t a checkmark next to
the item, then this item can’t be
selected until the appropriate
function is run from the
Diagnostic Menu.
Review Data
=====================
I/M Monitors
DTCs (Codes)
State OBD Check
Recording
View Fre eze Data
02 Monitor Tests
Only one function, Recording, needs detailed instructions.
3 – 18 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Using The Scan Tool
Recording
The Recording function is used to play back a recording.
✓
This function is very similar to View Data. The only difference is that
View Data is real time viewing of PIDs, while Recording is a viewing
of previously recorded PIDs.
From the Review Data menu:
1. Select Recording.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Recording is
highlighted.
Review Data
=====================
I/M Monitors
DTCs (Codes)
State OBD Check
Recording
Recording
View Fre eze Data
02 Monitor Tests
2. Play Back Recording.
✓
The Recording has frame
number and timestamp (in
seconds).
❒ Negative frames and
❒
❒
❒
❒
MIL STATUS
ABS TPS(%)
ENGINE (RPM)
A/F RATIO
CALC LOAD
100
688
14:1
83.1
timestamps indicate data
recorded before trigger event.
FRAME:0 TM
0.0
Positive frames and
timestamps indicate data
recorded after trigger event.
Use
UP or
DOWN arrow keys to view recorded PID data of
each frame.
Use
LEFT or
RIGHT arrow keys to scroll back and forth
through frames.
See Appendix A for PID Definitions.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 – 19
3
Using The Scan Tool
❒ If graphing is available for
selected PID, the “ ” icon is
located on the side of the
screen.
– Press
ENTER to select
PIDS to graph. A maximum of
two PIDS can be graphed.
Select PIDs to Graph
=====================
O2
ABSLT
TPSSensor1
(%)
Bank1
ENG SPEED (RPM)
CALC LOAD (%)
MAF (LB/M)
MAP ("Hg)
COOLANT (oF)
❒ Use the
RIGHT arrow key to select/deselect PIDS. The
highlighted PID from when
ENTER was pressed is already
selected.
❒ Use
LEFT arrow key to deselect all PIDs.
❒ Press
ENTER to view graph of selected PIDs.
ABS TPS (%)
27.8
28.2
27.7
✓
27.7
FRAME:
0
TM:
ABS
ABSTPS
TPS(%)
(%)
ENG SPEED (RPM)
28.2
0.0
FRAME:
59%
27.8
817
3
0
TM:
0.0
The triangle below the graph indicates the position of the frame in the
graph.
❒ Use the
✓
LEFT and
RIGHT arrow keys to scroll back and
forth through graph
❒ When graphing two PIDs, use the
UP or
DOWN arrow keys
to highlight the desired PID, which will also display the
appropriate scale. The symbol in front of the PID text indicates
which graph applies to which PID.
Different vehicles communicate at different speeds and support a
different number of PIDs. Therfore, the maximum number of frames
that can be recorded varies.
3. Return to Review Data Menu.
BACK.
•Press
3 – 20 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Using The Scan Tool
Print Data
The Print Data function allows the printing of diagnostic information
stored in the Scan Tool.
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
The Scan Tool’s internal battery power can be used to print data.
Use the Print Header function to turn On/Off printing vehicle
information prior to printing data.
Make sure you have previously installed the PC software in Using the
CD.
Launch Scanning Suite and then start printing application.
Follow all instructions on PC.
3
1. Select Print Data.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Print Data is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
✓
On the Print Data menu, Print All prints all data collected by the Scan
Tool.
When printing a Recording, Start Frame and End Frame need to be
defined.
2.Select Data To Be Printed.
UP or
DOWN arrow
•Use
key.
ENTER.
•Press
✓
✓
✓
Main Menu
=====================
Component Locator
Acronyms
Review Data
Print Data
Code Lookup
System Setup
The Print Data menu shows a
check mark next to the items that
have data.
Print Data
=====================
Print All
I/M Monitors
DTCs (Codes)
State OBD Check
Recording
View Fre eze Data
If there isn’t a checkmark next to the item, then this item can’t be
selected until the appropriate function is run from the Diagnostic
Menu.
3.Return to Select Print Data screen.
•Press
BACK.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 – 21
Using The Scan Tool
Code Lookup
Code Lookup is used to look up definitions of DTCs stored in the Scan
Tool.
✓
✓
✓
3
If Code Lookup is selected from the Main Menu, the tool will display
Vehicle Selection. Selecting a vehicle in Code Lookup from the Main
Menu does not change the current (previously selected) vehicle. It is
only a temporary change to allow you to lookup DTC for a vehicle other
than the previous vehicle.
When selecting Code Lookup from the Diagnostic Menu, the tool
goes directly to the Enter Code screen since the vehicle was already
selected.
The Scan Tool does not require power from the vehicle to perform this
function.
From Diagnostic Menu:
1. Select Code Lookup.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Code Lookup is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
2.Enter code.
•All characters must be entered
•Only one character can be
changed at a time.
LEFT or
RIGHT
•Use
arrow keys to scroll to desired
digit.
UP or
DOWN arrow
•Use
keys to change selected digit.
ENTER.
• Press
✓
✓
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
Component Locator
Acronyms
Review Data
Print Data
Code Lookup
System Setup
Code Lookup
===================
P
P0000
Enter Desired Code
Using Keys
Press ENTER When
Done
Some vehicles may have an additional screen asking in which system
to look for a code.
If definition could not be found, the Scan Tool displays No DTC
Definition Found. See Service Manual.
3 – 22 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Using The Scan Tool
✓
To enter another DTC, press
BACK.
P1575
Warning Buzzer
Malfunction
✓
Press
Menu.
BACK again to return to the Diagnostic Menu or Main
3
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 – 23
Using The Scan Tool
Connecting The Scan Tool
To diagnose a vehicle, connect the DLC cable to the vehicle’s DLC.
Refer to “Data Link Connector (DLC)” on page 2-8 of Getting
Started.
If you just want to power up the tool to do self-tests, code lookup, review
or printing data from the last vehicle tested, then you do not need to
attach the cable to the DLC. The internal battery provides power for this.
✓
For more information on OBD II connectors, go to
http://www.obdclearinghouse.com/oemdb.
Vehicle Selection
3
AutoID™ first appeared in 2000, but was not an OBD ll mandated requirement
for the vehicle to provide the VIN to a tool until 2005. Vehicles between 2000 and
2004 may or may not support AutoID™, but vehicles after 2005 should support
AutoID™. If the tool is on a vehicle newer than database coverage, the tool will
AutoID™ as MY OBD II / EOBD, or 2012 OBD II / EOBD.
From Main Menu:
1.Select Vehicle Diagnostics.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Vehicle Diagnostics
is highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
Main Menu
=====================
Vehicle Diagnosgtics
Component Locator
Acronyms
Review Data
Print Data
Code Lookup
UP or
DOWN
2.Use
Select Vehicle
arrow key to select
=====================
AutoID™ Manual, or Prev:.
AutoID
Global (>=2000)
OBD II
Manual (<=1999)
•If the vehicle is a year 2000 or
Prev:
newer, select AutoID™.
2000-2004 Vehicles may
•If the vehicle is 1999 or older,
or if the vehicle is 2000 to 2004
but does not support AutoID™,
select Manual and go to Step
3.
•If the previously tested vehicle listed after Prev: is desired, select
Prev:. If this is the first time the Tool has been used, the space
after Prev: will be blank.
ENTER.
•Press
3 – 24 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Using The Scan Tool
A Turn Key Off screen will display.
After 10 seconds, turn key On. If the
vehicle is supported, the VIN number
and essential vehicle data will display.
LEFT or
RIGHT arrow
Use the
key to select YES or NO.
•If YES is selected, the Tool
may display more selections to
further select the vehicle
because not every aspect of
vehicle identification is
contained in the VIN.
•If NO is selected, the Tool
proceeds to manual selection.
ENTER.
•Press
✓
✓
Turn Key Off
=====================
Please turn the
key off for
10 seconds then
turn the key on.
Press ENTER to continue.
VIN 1GCFG15T541238036
=====================
2004 Chevrolet
Espress 1500
5.3
Is this correct?
YES
NO
The OBD II/EOBD selection is provided for vehicles that are not listed.
It is a good idea to always select your specific vehicle when listed to
get the most benefit from your tool.
If you have previously selected a vehicle it will appear as a menu
selection after Asian vehicles. On the screen shown, the 2003
Corvette is the previous vehicle.
3.If Manual was selected in
UP or
Step 2, use the
DOWN arrow key to
highlight:
❒ OBD II/EOBD
❒ Domestic Vehicles
❒ European Vehicles
❒ Asian Vehicles
❒ Previous Vehicle
•Press
✓
Vehicle?
=====================
OBD
II /OBD
EOBD
Global
II
Domestic Vehicles
European Vehicles
Asian Vehicles
Prev: 03 Corvette
ENTER.
If you wish to select a vehicle other than the previous vehicle, then
choose between OBD II/EOBD, Domestic Vehicles, European
Vehicles, or Asian Vehicles and continue making selections until the
vehicle selection is complete.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 – 25
3
Using The Scan Tool
• Turn vehicle key off for 10
seconds.
•Turn vehicle key back to the on
position.
ENTER on the Scan
•Press
Tool.
• If vehicle power is not
detected, a screen is shown to
verify tool connection.
3
Turn Key Off
=====================
Please turn the
key off for
10 seconds then
turn the key on.
Press ENTER to continue.
Vehicle Required
=====================
Please verify the tool
is connected to the
vehicle with the
ignition key turned on.
Press ENTER to cont
✓
✓
If you select a vehicle different than your previous vehicle, all
retrieved vehicle data currently stored in your tool will be erased.
If you select the previous vehicle, all stored vehicle data will be
retained until it is overwritten by the corresponding function
selected from the Diagnostic Menu.
3 – 26 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Using The Scan Tool
MAC TOOLS CONNECT Feature
MAC Tools Connect is an experience-based database derived from
over 4.7 million phone calls from technicians seeking assistance
diagnosing repair problems on their vehicles. MAC Tools Connect
brings the technology of professional diagnostic technicians to a triage
scan tool. Don’t waste time trying to find the answer. With the
information MAC Tools Connect offers, it takes vehicle repairs to the
next level. The Top Reported Fixes are the most probable solutions to
the vehicle problem and are a shortcut for troubleshooting efforts.
IMPORTANT In order for MAC Tools Connect to work, you must select
your specific vehicle during vehicle selection. A Global OBD
II vehicle selection will not provide any MAC Tools Connect
information. The power of MAC Tools Connect is that repair
information is vehicle and trouble code specific and is
based on the largest experience-based database available.
MAC Tools Connect information is available whenever the MAC Tools
Connect icon is visible on the display. The MAC Tools Connect icon has
the potential of being displayed while trouble codes are being displayed
from Read Codes or while Viewing Freeze Frame data. Also, when you
print codes to your PC, the MAC Tools Connect information, if available,
will also be printed.
✓
MAC ToolsConnect information is currently only available in
English, so if your tool is set to Spanish or French, don’t be alarmed
if your DTC text is in one language and your MAC Tools Connect
information is shown in English.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 – 27
3
Using The Scan Tool
How to use MAC Tools Connect:
M
A
C
1.When the
icon is shown on the display, press the
TOOLS CONNECT key.
•While viewing trouble codes:
•Refer to “Read Codes” for
P0122
more information.
MAC
1 of 3
MOD $10
Throttle/Pedal
Position Sensor A
Circuit Low Input
M
A
C
3
•While in the View Freeze Data
Menu:
•Refer to “View Freeze Data”
for more information.
View Fre eze Data
=====================
M
P0122 (Mod
P0340
(Mod $10)
$10)
A
Long PID Names
C
English / Metric
•While viewing freeze data:
A/C PRESS (psi)
A/C PRESS (V)
A/F RATIO
BARO PRESS ("Hg)
ABSLT TPS(%)
ENGINE (RPM)
CALC LOAD
MAF (LB/M)
15.5
3.00
14:1
29.9
12.2
688
83.1
0.57
M
A
C
3 – 28 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Using The Scan Tool
2.Scroll through the
code-specific repair
information.
UP or
DOWN arrow
•Use
keys to scroll one line at a time.
LEFT or
RIGHT
•Use
arrow keys to scroll 8 lines at a
time, or a whole screen.
TOP REPORTED FIXES
1-Replaced Throttle
Position Sensor(TPS)
2-Replaced Air
Conditioner(A/C)
Pressure Sensor
FREQ REPORTED FIXES
1-Wire Harness
ALSO REPORTED FIXES 1-Air Conditioning
(A/C) Compressor
Clutch Coil
2-Oxygen (O2) Sensor 3-In-Line Fuse
4-Throttle Position
Sensor (TPS) Wiring
5- 5 Volt Reference 6- Air Conditioning
(A/C) Compressor
Clutch
There are 3 levels of reported fixes provided in the MAC Tools Connect
database.
Fix Level
Description
Top Reported Fix
More likely to be the solution over other choices provided.
Frequently Reported Fix
As likely as other solutions.
Also Reported Fix
Less likely than other solutions provided, but worth considering.
3.To return to the screen from where you pressed the
MAC TOOLS CONNECT key, press
BACK.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 – 29
3
Using The Scan Tool
Acronyms
✓
The Acronyms function allows the user to view acronyms and
abbreviations used by the Scan Tool.
From Main Menu or Diagnostic Menu:
1. Select Acronyms.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
keys until Acronyms is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
Component Locator
Acronyms
Review Data
Print Data
Code Lookup
System Setup
3
2. Select Alphabetical group
range for desired Acronym.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until desired group range
is highlighted.
ENTER.
• Press
3. Select Acronym.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until desired acronym is
highlighted.
ENTER.
• Press
Acronyms
=====================
## --11
2 - 2C
2G - 4C
4H - 5
Acronyms
=====================
# of Emiss
# of Pwrt
# CMP/CKP Loss
# TRPSNC MISF
# TRPS SNC MISF
% Alcohol
3 – 30 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Using The Scan Tool
4. View Selected Acronym.
• Press
ENTER to return to
Menu where Acronyms was
originally selected.
% Alcohol
=====================
Alcohol Fuel
Percentage
Component Locator
✓
✓
Component Locator provides a vehicle specific location of
components found on the selected vehicle. It is a useful
companion function to MAC TOOLS CONNECT. MAC TOOLS
CONNECT will indicate components that repaired a problem
associated with a DTC, and Component Locator provides the
location of the component.
Component Locator can be selected from the Main or
Diagnostic menus. Since Component Locator provides vehicle
specific component locations, a previous vehicle must be stored in
the Scan Tool.
From Main Menu or Diagnostic Menu:
1. Select Component Locator.
UP or
DOWN arrow
•Use
keys until Component
Locator is highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
Component Locator
Acronyms
Review Data
Print Data
Code Lookup
System Setup
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 – 31
3
Using The Scan Tool
2. Select alphabetical group
range for desired
component.
UP or
DOWN arrow
•Use
key until desired group range
is highlighted.
ENTER.
• Press
3
3. Select Component.
UP or
DOWN arrow
•Use
key until desired acronym is
highlighted.
•Full component name will
scroll on bottom of screen for
the highlighted component.
ENTER.
• Press
4. View selected component
location.
ENTER to return to
• Press
menu where Component
Locator was originally
selected.
Component Locator
=====================
Component
Location
A
-F
H-W
Component Locator
=====================
Ambient Air Temperat
Autostick Switch
Brake On/OFF Switch
Camshaft Position Se
Ambient Air Temperature
Component Locator
=====================
Ambient Air
Temperature Sensor
-------------------------Right front side of
Engine Compartment
3 – 32 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Section 4 – Diagnostic Menu
✓
✓
✓
The first time the scan tool links to the vehicle, the communication
protocol is automatically detected, and is used until the Scan Tool is
turned off or another vehicle is diagnosed.
If an Error Message displays, make sure the OBDII connector is
attached, and the ignition key is ON. Cycle ignition key to OFF for 10
seconds, then on. This may be required to reset computer. If required,
select yes to try again. If problem still exists, refer to “Error
Messages” on page 5-1 of Troubleshooting.
The Scan Tool keeps all data received from the last vehicle
selected until any of the following occurs:
❒ A new vehicle is selected.
❒ Scan Tool is flash programmed to update software.
✓
On initial link to vehicle, Scan Tool checks the status of I/M Monitors
no matter which function is selected.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 4–1
4
Diagnostic Menu
Diagnostic Menu
Review Data, Print Data, Code Lookup, and System
IMPORTANT Setup are covered in section 3 of this manual. These items
are not covered in this section.
✓
44
The Diagnostic Menu is broken
down into the following
selections:
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
I/M Monitors
Read Codes
Erase Codes
MIL Status
State OBD Check
View Data
Record Data
View Freeze Data
Drive Cycle Monitor
O2 Monitor Tests
Diag Monitor Tests
On-Board Systems
Vehicle Information
Modules Present
Component Locator
Acronyms
Review Data
Print Data
– I/M Monitors
– DTCs (Codes)
– State OBD Check
– Recording
– View Freeze Data
– O2 Monitor Tests
– Diag Monitor Tests
– Vehicle Information
– Modules Present
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
I/M Monitors
Read Codes
Erase Codes
MIL Status
State OBD Check
View Data
(List Continued)
4 – 2• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
❒ Code Lookup
❒ System Setup
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
English/Metric
Adjust Contrast
Auto-Power Off
Quick Test
Print Header
Language Setup
Long PID Names
Tool Information
Display Test
Keypad Test
Memory Test
Program Mode
4
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 4–3
Diagnostic Menu
I/M Monitors (Emissions)
The I/M Monitors (Inspection / Maintenance) function is used to view
a snapshot of the operations for the emission system on OBD II
vehicles.
✓
✓
✓
44
I/M Monitors is a very useful function. To guarantee no faults exist
make sure all monitors are functional or N/A and no DTCs exist.
Refer to the vehicle service manual for the drive cycle operation.
During normal driving conditions, the vehicle computer scans the
emission system. After a specific amount of drive time (each monitor
has specific driving conditions and time required), the monitors decide
if the vehicle emission system is working correctly as well as detecting
out of range values. When the monitor status is:
• ok - vehicle was driven enough to complete the monitor.
• inc (Incomplete) - vehicle was not driven enough to complete the
monitor.
• N/A (Not Applicable)- vehicle does not support that monitor.
✓
✓
✓
✓
Depending on vehicle, disconnecting or a discharged battery may
erase DTCs and clear monitor status.
Monitors may be cleared by:
❒ Erasing codes
❒ Vehicle control modules losing power
I/M Monitors can be done key on engine running (KOER) or key on
engine off (KOEO).
Extreme weather and/or road conditions can prevent a monitor from
running. Also, some monitors may require a cold start to complete.
4 – 4• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
From the Diagnostic Menu:
1. Select I/M Monitors.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until I/M Monitors is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
I/M Monitors
Read Codes
Erase Codes
MIL Status
State OBD Check
View Data
Two types of I/M Monitors test are:
❒ Since DTCs Cleared - shows status of the monitors since the
DTCs were last erased.
❒ This Drive Cycle - shows status of monitors since the start of the
current drive cycle. Refer to the vehicle service manual for more
detailed information on emission-related monitors and their
status.
✓
Some vehicles do not support
This Drive Cycle. If vehicle
supports both types of monitors
the I/M Monitors Menu displays.
I/M Monitors
=====================
Since DTCs Cleared
This Drive Cycle
2. View Summary of Monitor
Status.
UP or
DOWN arrow key (if required).
•Use
✓
Depending on Monitor Test one of these 2 screens will be present.
Since DTCs Cleared
=====================
Misfire Monitor
ok
Fuel System Mon
ok
Comp Component
ok
Catalyst Mon
inc
Htd Catalyst
n/a Evap System Mon
ok
This Drive Cycle
=====================
Misfire Monitor
ok
Fuel System Mon
ok
Comp Component
ok
Catalyst Mon
inc
Htd Catalyst
n/a Evap System Mon
ok
OR
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 4–5
4
Diagnostic Menu
Abbreviations and names for OBD II Monitors supported by the Scan
Tool are shown below. They are required by the United States
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Not all monitors are supported
by all vehicles.
Monitors
44
Expanded Name
Misfire Monitor
Misfire Monitor
Fuel System Mon
Fuel System Monitor
Comp Component
Comprehensive Components Monitor
Catalyst Mon
Catalyst Monitor
Htd Catalyst
Heated Catalyst Monitor
Evap System Mon
Evaporative System Monitor
Sec Air System
Secondary Air System Monitor
A/C Refrig Mon
Air Conditioning Refrigerant Monitor
Oxygen Sens Mon
Oxygen Sensor Monitor
Oxygen Sens Htr
Oxygen Sensor Heater Monitor
EGR/VVT Sys Mon
Exhaust Gas Recirculation or variable valve timing monitor
NMHC Cat Mon
Non-Methane Hydrocarbon Catalyst Monitor
NOX Treat Mon
Nitrogen Oxide Treatment Monitor
Boost Pres Mon
Boost Pressure Monitor
Exhst Gas Sensr
Exhaust Gas Sensor
PM Filter Mon
Particulate Matter Filter Monitor
3. Return to Diagnostic Menu.
•Press
BACK.
4 – 6• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
Read Codes
✓
✓
The Read Codes function allows the Scan Tool to read the DTCs from
the vehicle’s control modules. DTCs are used to help determine the
cause of a problem or problems with a vehicle. These codes cause the
control module to illuminate the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)
when emission-related or driveability fault occurs. MIL is also known
as service engine soon or check engine lamp.
Read Codes can be done with the key on engine off (KOEO) or with
the key on engine running (KOER).
From Diagnostic Menu:
1. Select Read Codes.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Read Codes is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
2. If more than one module is
supported, a menu is
displayed.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until desired choice is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
I/M Monitors
Read Codes
Erase Codes
MIL Status
State OBD Check
View Data
Select Module
=====================
OBD II/EOBD
Global
OBD II
ABS
Transmission
Engine
All of the Above
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 4–7
4
Diagnostic Menu
✓
✓
If no DTCs are present a
message stating System Pass:
No Faults Detected is displayed.
If you selected All of the Above
from the Select Module menu,
then all of the codes will be
displayed as if you picked all
menu items individually.
Read Codes
=====================
System Pass
No faults detected.
3.View and write down the DTCs.
UP or
DOWN arrow keys.
•Use the
❒ The screen at the right shows
44
where the Read Codes
information is located.
DTC
Number
X of Y
Module
DTC Descri ption
DTC Type
DTC Number - number of the trouble code that you will find in vehicle
service information.
X of Y - Indication that you are viewing code x of y, where x is the code
you are viewing of the total y.
Module - This field is where the name of the module (e.g. ENG) or
address of the module (e.g. Mod $10) or both are shown (ENG $10).
The table below describes modules supported.
4 – 8• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
Module
Description
ENG
Engine or powertrain module.
TRANS
Transmission module.
XFER
Transfer case module.
ABS
Anti-lock Brake System module.
HYB
Hybrid module.
MOD $XX
This is the Module Address for the OBDII/EOBD Module reporting the
DTC.
SRS
This is used for Air Bags modules.
4
DTC Description - This area is reserved for the text describing the
trouble code listed in the DTC number field.
DTC Type - This area is reserved for providing additional information
about the DTC. Multiple DTC types may be possible for a given DTC
number. Not all vehicles support DTC types. The table on the next page
describes possible DTC types.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 4–9
Diagnostic Menu
DTC Type
44
Description
History
Intermittent codes placed in the vehicle’s memory when the trouble originally occurred, and will remain there even if the trouble has been corrected. If no trouble after 50 engine warm-up cycles, the DTC will be
erased.
Confirmed
Confirmed codes are reported when a component, sensor, or other part of
the vehicle is indication a malfunction is present.
Current
Codes transmitted through the PCMs data stream when a trouble condition is active and cannot be erased. The problem must be repaired to
remove the DTC.
Intermittent
Indicates the current code has been set at least once but possibly not
enough to cause a history code to be stored.
MIL
Indicates that this DTC has turned on the MIL light.
Pending
Pending codes are also referred to as continuous monitor or maturing
codes. An intermittent fault causes the control module to store a code in
memory. If the fault does not occur within a certain number of warm-up
cycles (depending on vehicle), the code clears from memory. If fault
occurs a specific number of times, the code matures into a DTC and the
MIL illuminates or blinks. This function can be used with KOEO or
KOER.
Non-MIL
DTC that is not emission-related and did not turn on the MIL light.
MIL Code
This DTC type also has a number with it indicating that this is the code
number turning on the MIL. Vehicle service manuals may refer to this
number instead of the one listed in the DTC number field.
Permanent
Permanent codes are a special type of confirmed code. Permanent codes
began being reported by vehicles around 2010, and therefore not supported by every vehicle. While Confirmed Codes can be erased by the
Tool, Permanent Codes cannot. Permanent Codes are erased by the vehicle when the vehicle has determined the fault is no longer present.
SCI Hex
On some vehicles, the code returned by the vehicle is not known by the
Scan Tool. If this happens, the Scan Tool will display this type along with
the code number.
Active
DTC that was present at the time of Scan Tool request.
Stored
DTC that was not present at the time of Scan Tool request.
Several screen examples are shown on the following pages.
4 – 10 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
❒ In this example, module
(MOD) $18 is reporting the
DTCs.
P0113
1 of 3
MOD $18
IAT Sensor 1
Circuit High Input
M
A
C
❒ In this example, the Engine
Module is reporting a History
Code. The $10 is the engine
module address.
P0113
1 of 7
ENG $10
Reference Voltage
Low
M
A
C
HISTORY
4
❒ MIL indicates this DTC has turned
on the MIL light.
1 of 3
ENG
P0113
IAT Sensor 1
Circuit High Input
M
A
C
MIL
❒ Pending indicates a Global OBD II
pending code.
P1501
2 of 3
TRANS
Veh Spe ed Sensor
M
Out of range Self Test A
C
PENDING
✓
M
A
C
icon indicates that the
MAC TOOLS CONNECT key is active.
Press the
MAC TOOLS CONNECT key to display repair
information. Refer to “MAC TOOLS CONNECT.”
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 11
Diagnostic Menu
❒ Non-MIL is a DTC that is not
emission-related and did not turn
on the MIL light.
P1623
3 of 3
ENG
Immobilizer
Write Failure
NON-MIL
❒ The screen at right shows
dashes for the DTC number
and a MIL code of 213. The
dashes will be shown if a DTC
number does not exist for the
MIL code.
44
-----
1 of 2
ENG
EGR Position
HI
MIL Code 213
❒ Active is a DTC that was
present at the time of Scan
Tool Request.
P0113
1 of 1
ENG
IAT Sensor 1 Ckt
High
Active
4. Return to Diagnostic Menu.
• Press
BACK.
4 – 12 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
Erase Codes
The Erase Codes function deletes DTCs and I/M Monitor data from
vehicle’s control module(s). Perform this function key on engine off
(KOEO). Do not start the engine.
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
The Erase Codes function may also erase View Freeze Data, O2
Monitor Tests, and Diagnostic Monitor Test results depending on
vehicle.
The Erase Codes function sets monitors to inc.
Perform Erase Codes function only after systems have been
checked completely and DTCs have been written down.
After servicing the vehicle, erase stored DTCs and verify no codes
have returned. If a DTC returns, problem has not been fixed or other
faults are present.
Permanent DTCs can not be erased with the Erase Codes function.
Depending on which monitor sets a code the vehicle may need to be
driven and the monitor ran before concluding that the fault is repaired.
From Diagnostic Menu:
1. Select Erase Codes.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Erase Codes is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
✓
If diagnostic results and codes are
not to be erased select No and
ENTER.
press
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
I/M Monitors
Read Codes
Erase Codes
MIL Status
State OBD Check
View Data
Erase Codes
=====================
Are you sure you
want to Erase
Diagnostic Results
and Codes?
NO
YES
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 13
4
Diagnostic Menu
•Selecting No displays a Command Cancelled message.
Erase Codes
=====================
Command Cancelled
Press BACK
2. Select Yes to erase
diagnostic results and
codes.
LEFT arrow key.
•Use
ENTER.
•Press
To Exit
Erase Codes
=====================
Are you sure you
want to Erase
Diagnostic Results
and Codes?
YES
NO
44
3. If more than one module is
supported, a menu is
displayed.
UP or
DOWN arrow
•Use
key until desired choice is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
Select Module
=====================
OBD II/EOBD
Global
OBD II
ABS
Transmission
Engine
All of the Above
4. Observe Command Sent message is displayed.
•Press
ENTER.
5. Return to Diagnostic Menu.
ENTER.
•Press
4 – 14 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
MIL Status
From Diagnostic Menu:
1. Select MIL Status.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until MIL Status is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
2. View MIL Status.
ENTER to return to
•Press
Diagnostic Menu.
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
I/M Monitors
Read Codes
Erase Codes
MIL Status
State OBD Check
View Data
MIL is ON
=====================
MIL Lamp Should be
ON if Engine is
Running
Press ENTER
to Cont
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 15
4
Diagnostic Menu
State OBD Check
The State OBD Check function is used to display a basic status of the
vehicle OBD system.
❒ Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) Status
❒ Codes Found
❒ I/M Monitors
✓
✓
Erase Codes deletes DTCs and clears I/M Monitors from vehicle
computer module(s).
The State OBD Check function has the following areas:
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
44
✓
✓
✓
✓
MIL STATUS ON or OFF
Number of Codes Found
Number of Monitors OK
Number of Monitors Inc
Number of Monitors N/A
State OBD Check should be done with the key on engine running
(KOER) due to showing MIL status.
The number of codes found are Global OBD II Confirmed codes and
Permanent codes. Pending codes are not included.
The number of Monitors that are either OK, INC, or NA are only Since
DTCs Cleared and not This Drive Cycle.
Refer to Read Codes and I/M Monitors for more detailed information
about the results.
4 – 16 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
From the Diagnostic Menu:
1. Select State OBD Check
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until State OBD Check is
highlighted
ENTER.
•Press
2. View State OBD Check
Display.
3. Return to Diagnostic Menu.
BACK.
•Press
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
I/M Monitors
Read Codes
Erase Codes
MIL Status
State OBD Check
View Data
State OBD Check
=====================
MIL Status
ON
Codes Found
2
Monitors OK
3
Monitors Inc
3
Monitors N/A
5
4
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 17
Diagnostic Menu
View Data
The View Data function allows real time viewing of the vehicle’s
computer module Parameter Identification (PID) data. As the computer
monitors the vehicle, information is simultaneously transmitted to Scan
Tool.
✓
View data allows the following items to be viewed on the Scan Tool:
❒
❒
❒
❒
✓
Sensor data
Operation of switches
Operation of solenoids
Operation of relays
View data can be shown as:
❒ Entire Data List
❒ Custom Data List
44
✓
Apart from Read Codes, View Data is the most useful diagnostic
function for isolating the cause of a vehicle operation problem.
From Diagnostic Menu:
1. Select View Data.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until View Data is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
I/M Monitors
Read Codes
Erase Codes
MIL Status
State OBD Check
View Data
4 – 18 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
2. Observe while Scan Tool
validates PID MAP.
Validating PIDs
PID
X / Y
Please Wait
✓
✓
✓
PID MAP validation is the Tool asking the vehicle which PIDs are
supported. See Appendix A for a complete list of PIDs supported by
the Tool.
Multiple PIDs may be sent if vehicle is equipped with more than one
computer module (for example a powertrain control module [PCM]
and a transmission control module [TCM]). The Scan Tool identifies
them by their identification names (ID) assigned by manufacturer (i.e.
$10 or $1A).
If one or more control module stops responding, the Scan Tool
displays a message.
❒ If continuing, dashes will replace data in right hand column.
❒ If no is selected, then the Scan Tool attempts to re-establish
communication with that module.
View Entire List.
✓
View Entire List shows all supported PID data for the vehicle being
tested.
From Select Data to View menu:
1.
Select Entire Data List.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Entire Data List is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
Select Data to View
=====================
Entire Data List
Custom Data List
Long PID Names
English / Metric
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 19
4
Diagnostic Menu
2.
✓
44
View PIDs on Scan Tool.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key.
•See Appendix A for PID
Definitions.
A/C PRESS (psi)
A/C PRESS (V)
A/F RATIO
BARO PRESS ("Hg)
ABSLT TPS (%)
ENGINE (RPM)
CALC LOAD (%)
MAF (LB/M)
3.00
14:1
29.9
12.2
2352
83.1 0.57
If Long PID Names is turned ON, the expanded text for the PID will
scroll on the bottom line of display. See “Long PID Names” on
page 3-12.
If the
icon displays while a PID is
ENTER to
highlighted, press
select PIDs to graph. A maximum
of 2 PIDs can be graphed.
❒ Use the
Select PIDs to Graph
=====================
O2
ABSLT
TPSSensor1
(%)
Bank1
ENG SPEED (RPM)
CALC LOAD (%)
MAF (LB/M)
MAP ("Hg)
COOLANT (oF)
RIGHT arrow key
to select/deselect PIDs. The
highlighted PID from when
ENTER was pressed is already
selected.
❒ Use the
LEFT arrow key to deselect all PIDs.
❒ Press
ENTER to view graph of selected PIDs.
ABS TPS (%)
13.3
28.3
-2.8
ABS
ABSTPS
TPS(%)
(%)
ENG SPEED (RPM)
31.9
59%
12.2
875
1.5
❒ When graphing two PIDs, use the
UP or
DOWN arrow
keys to highlight the desired PID, which will also display the
appropriate scale. The symbol in front of the PID text indicates
which graph applies to which PID.
❒ Press the
ENTER key to pause the graph. Press the
ENTER
key again to continue graphing.
4 – 20 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
3. Return to PID Screen.
•Press
BACK.
4. Return to Select Data to View Menu.
•Press
BACK.
5. Return to Diagnostic Menu.
•Press
BACK.
Custom List Select
✓
The Custom Data List allows certain PIDs from the View Entire Data
List, such as those PIDs that apply to a specific driveability symptom
or system, to be selected.
From Select Data to View menu:
1.
Select Custom Data List.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Custom Data List is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
2. Select View Instructions or
Not.
LEFT or
RIGHT
•Use
arrow key.
ENTER.
•Press
Select Data to View
=====================
Entire Data List
Custom Data List
Long PID Names
English / Metric
Custom Setup
=====================
Do you want to view
instructions for
creating a custom
data list?
YES
NO
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 21
4
Diagnostic Menu
3.
✓
44
✓
If Long PID Names is turned ON, the expanded text for the PID will
scroll on the bottom line of display. See “Long PID Names” on
page 3-12.
Selected PIDs are kept until you exit View Data and return to the
Diagnostic Menu.
4.
✓
✓
Select PIDs to View.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
Select Custom List
=====================
keys to move up and down list
MIL($10)
• The
RIGHT arrow selects
MIL
MIL($18)
TPS($10)
or deselects data parameter.
TPS($18)
All selected data values are
ENGINE($10)
ENGINE($18)
marked with a  symbol.
LEFT arrow deselects
•The
all marked data parameters.
ENTER key starts recording data, or displaying selected
• The
data parameters.
View PIDs on Scan Tool.
UP or
DOWN arrow
•Use
key.
•See Appendix A for PID
Definitions.
A/C PRESS (psi)
A/C PRESS (V)
A/F RATIO
BARO PRESS ("Hg)
ABSLT TPS (%)
ENGINE (RPM)
CALC LOAD (%)
MAF (LB/M)
3.00
14:1
29.9
12.2
2352
83.1 0.57
If the
icon displays while a PID is highlighted, press
ENTER to
BACK key to Return to PID Screen.
select PIDS to graph. Press
Refer to “View Entire List.” on page 4-19 for instructions on how to
select PIDs to graph and how to view graph.
5. Return to Select Data to View Menu.
•Press
BACK.
6. Return to Diagnostic Menu.
•Press
BACK.
4 – 22 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
Record Data
✓
✓
✓
The Record Data function records PIDs while vehicle is parked or
being driven.
The Record Data function is mainly used for diagnosing intermittent
driveability problems that cannot be isolated by any other method.
The recording time varies. A recording consists of frames of data prior
to the trigger and several frames after the trigger.
! CAUTION
Two people must be in vehicle when driving. One to
drive and the other to operate the Scan Tool.
4
From Diagnostic Menu:
1. Select Record Data.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Record Data is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
✓
✓
✓
✓
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
Read Codes
Erase Codes
MIL Status
State OBD Check
View Data
Record Data
Follow all instructions on display.
The ScanTool can maintain only one recording. Make sure to
thoroughly review old recording before erasing.
If a recording currently exists in
memory, a message prompting to
erase data is displayed.
Record Data
=====================
Previous recording
in memory. Do you
want to erase it and
make a new one?
NO
YES
Scan Tool validates list of global PIDs from vehicle.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 23
Diagnostic Menu
2. Refer to View Data to setup Custom List or View Entire List.
ENTER to start
3. Press
recording.
Recording
=====================
Collecting Pretrigger
Data
Press ENTER to
Trigger Recording
✓
Data continues to be saved until
either:
❒ Record memory is full.
❒ Operator presses
ENTER.
44
Recording
=====================
Collecting Data For
Frame # xx
Press ENTER to End
Recording
✓
Scan Tool recording times vary. A recording consists of frames of data
prior to trigger and several frames after trigger.
4. After recording, Scan Tool
displays a prompt to
Playback Data.
• Answer No to return to
Diagnostic Menu.
•Answer Yes to display
recorded data.
❒Refer to “Recording” for
instructions on how to
Playback Data.
Record Data
=====================
Playback Data?
YES
YES
NO
4 – 24 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
View Freeze Data
When an emission-related fault occurs, certain vehicle conditions are
recorded by the on-board computer. This information is referred to as
freeze frame data. View Freeze Data is a snapshot of the operating
conditions at the time of an emission-related fault.
✓
✓
View Freeze Data can be overwritten by faults with a higher priority.
If codes were erased, View Freeze Data may not be stored in vehicle
memory depending on vehicle.
From the Diagnostic Menu:
1. Select View Freeze Data.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until View Freeze Data is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
2. Select Frame (if more than 1
frame is present).
UP or
DOWN arrow
•Use
key.
ENTER.
•Press
3.
✓
View PIDs on Scan Tool.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key.
•See Appendix A for PID
Definitions.
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
View Fre eze Data
Drive Cycle Monitor
O2 Monitor Tests
Diag Monitor Tests
On-Board Systems
Vehicle Information
View Fre eze Data
=====================
P0340 (Mod $10)
M
Long PID Names
A
English / Metric
C
A/C PRESS (psi)
A/C PRESS (V)
A/F RATIO
BARO PRESS ("Hg)
ABSLT TPS (%)
ENGINE (RPM)
CALC LOAD (%)
MAF (LB/M)
3.00
14:1
29.9
12.2
2352
83.1 0.57
If Long PID Names is turned ON,
the expanded text for the PID will scroll on the bottom line of the
display. See “Long PID Names” on page 3-12.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 25
4
Diagnostic Menu
✓
M
A
C
icon indicates that the
MAC TOOLS CONNECT key is active.
Press the
MAC TOOLS CONNECT key to display repair
information. Refer to “MAC TOOLS CONNECT.”
4. Select another frame to view (if available).
•Press
BACK.
5. Return to Diagnostic Menu.
•Press
BACK.
44
4 – 26 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
Drive Cycle Monitor
The Drive Cycle Monitor function is very similar to the I/M Monitors
though the Drive Cycle Monitor is used to view REAL TIME operations
of the Emissions System on OBD II vehicles.
✓
Drive Cycle Monitor continuously updates as the vehicle reports
operations of the Emission System.
! CAUTION
✓
✓
✓
Two people must be in vehicle when driving. One to
drive and the other to operate the Scan Tool.
Refer to the vehicle service manual for the drive cycle operation.
Drive Cycle Monitor can be used if you want to drive the vehicle until
all of the monitors are OK.
During normal driving conditions, the vehicle computer scans the
emission system. After a specific amount of drive time (each monitor
has specific driving conditions and time requirements), the
computer’s monitors will decide if the vehicle emissions system is
working correctly or not as well as detecting out a range of values.
When the monitor’s status is:
• “ok” - vehicle has been driven enough for function.
• “inc” (Incomplete) - vehicle was not driven enough to complete all of
the monitors.
• “n/a” (Not Applicable) - vehicle does not support that monitor.
✓
Clear Monitors by:
❒ Erasing Codes.
❒ Vehicle Computer Module losing power (on some vehicles).
From the Diagnostic Menu:
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 27
4
Diagnostic Menu
1. Select Drive Cycle Monitor.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key to highlight Drive Cycle
Monitors.
ENTER.
•Press
✓
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
View Fre eze Data
Drive Cycle Monitor
O2 Monitor Tests
Diag Monitor Tests
On-Board Systems
Vehicle Information
Two types of Drive Cycle Monitors are:
❒ SINCE DTCs CLEARED shows status of the monitors since the
DTCs were last erased.
❒ THIS DRIVE CYCLE shows status of monitors since start of
current drive cycle. Refer to the vehicle service manual for more
detailed information on emission-related monitors and their status.
44
✓
Some vehicles DO NOT support
Drive Cycle Monitors. If vehicle
supports both types of Drive Cycle
Monitors the Menu will display.
Drive Cycle Monitor
=====================
Since DTCs Cleared
This Drive Cycle
2.View Summary of Monitor Status.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow key (if required).
3.Depending on the Drive Cycle Monitors one of these 2 screens
will be present.
4 – 28 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
OR
This Drive Cycle
=====================
Catalyst Mon
inc
Htd Catalyst
inc
Evap System Mon
inc
✓
Since DTCs Cleared
=====================
Catalyst Mon
inc
Htd Catalyst
inc
Evap System Mon
inc
The Scan Tool display is continuously updated. Monitors that are “OK”
will disappear and only the “inc” monitors will remain displayed.
Monitors designated “n/a” are not displayed.
4
✓
When all Monitors are “OK” the following Screen is shown.
OR
This Drive Cycle
=====================
All Supported
Monitors are OK
Press ENTER
to Cont
Since DTCs Cleared
=====================
All Supported
Monitors are OK
Press ENTER
to Cont
4.Return to Diagnostic Menu.
• Press
BACK.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 29
Diagnostic Menu
O2 Monitor Tests
OBD II regulations require applicable vehicles monitor and test oxygen
(O2) sensors to determine problems related to fuel and emissions. The
O2 Monitor Tests allows retrieval of completed O2 sensors monitor
test results.
✓
✓
44
✓
The O2 Monitor Tests is not an on-demand test. O2 sensors are
not tested when selected via the menu. O2 sensors are tested when
engine operating conditions are within specified limits.
If the vehicle communicates using a controller area network (CAN),
O2 monitor tests are not supported by vehicle. A message is
displayed. See “Diagnostic Monitor Tests” on page 4-33 to see O2
monitor data.
O2 sensors are located before (upstream) and after (downstream)
catalyst(s). Sensors are named (xy) for their position to both cylinder
banks and catalysts.
❒ The O2 sensor for cylinder bank 1 has prefix 1y while O2 sensor
for cylinder bank 2 has prefix 2y.
❒ The O2 sensor upstream of catalyst (closest to engine) has suffix
x1 while O2 sensor downstream of catalyst has suffix x2. If
vehicle contains more catalysts, O2 sensor downstream of
second catalyst has suffix x3 and O2 sensor downstream of next
catalyst has suffix x4.
❒ For example, O2S21 is upstream O2 sensor for cylinder bank 2.
4 – 30 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
The following O2 Sensor Tests are available:
1) Rich-to-lean sensor threshold voltage
2) Lean-to-rich sensor threshold voltage
3) Low sensor voltage for switch time
4) High sensor voltage for switch time
5) Rich-to-lean sensor switch time
6) Lean-to-rich sensor switch time
7) Minimum sensor voltage test cycle
8) Maximum sensor voltage test cycle
9) Time between sensor transitions
10) Sensor period
11) Manufacturer specific tests
From the Diagnostic Menu:
1. Select O2 Monitor Tests.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until O2 Monitor Tests is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
2. Select O2 Sensor.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until desired O2 Sensor is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
✓
✓
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
View Fre eze Data
Drive Cycle Monitor
O2 Monitor Tests
Diag Monitor Tests
On-Board Systems
Vehicle Information
Select O2 Sensor
=====================
O2 Bank1 Sensor1
O2 Bank1 Sensor2
O2 Bank2 Sensor1
O2 Bank2 Sensor2
The O2 sensors located
upstream (before catalyst) may perform differently than ones located
downstream (after catalyst).
Test IDs are shown for unknown O2 sensor tests.
3. View Results of Selection.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 31
4
Diagnostic Menu
•Use
key.
UP or
DOWN arrow
O2 Bank1 Sensor1
=====================
RICH-LN Thresh
MOD:
$10
MAX:
-----(V)
MEAS:
0.555(V)
MIN:
-----(V)
4. Return to O2 Sensor Tests menu.
•Press
BACK.
5. Return to Diagnostic Menu.
44
•Press
BACK.
4 – 32 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
Diagnostic Monitor Tests
The Diagnostic Monitor Test function is useful after servicing or after
erasing a vehicle’s memory. Test results do not necessarily indicate a
faulty component or system.
✓
✓
✓
Non-CAN vehicles Diagnostic Monitor Test receives test results for
emission-related powertrain components and systems that are not
continuously monitored.
CAN vehicles Diagnostic Monitor Test receives test results for
emission-related powertrain components and systems that are and
are not continuously monitored.
Vehicle manufacturer is responsible for assigning test and component
IDs.
4
From the Diagnostic Menu:
1. Select Diag Monitor Tests.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Diag Monitor Tests
is highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
✓
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
View Fre eze Data
Drive Cycle Monitor
O2 Monitor Tests
Diag Monitor Tests
On-Board Systems
Vehicle Information
Applicable Diagnostic Monitor Tests are displayed.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 33
Diagnostic Menu
2. Review test results
displayed on Scan Tool.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until desired test results is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
Select Diag Mon Test
=====================
Test $01
Test $03
Test $10
Test $21
Test $22
Test $25
Non-CAN Vehicles
OR
✓
44
Refer to appropriate vehicle
service manual for test IDs
and definitions.
Select Diag Mon Test
=====================
O2 Sensor B1S1
O2 Sensor B1S2
O2 Sensor B2S1
O2 Sensor B2S2
Catalyst B1
Catalyst B2
CAN Vehicles
4 – 34 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
✓
On Non-CAN vehicles the Scan
Tool displays:
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
Test data (test ID)
Maximum value (MAX)
Test measurements (MEAS)
Minimum value (MIN)
Status (STS)
Measurements and
Specification values are
hexadecimal numbers (i.e.,
$1A, $FE, $11.)
❒ Module (MOD)
Test $53
=====================
ID:
01
MOd:
$10
MAX:
0
MEAS:
0
MIN:
----
Non-CAN Vehicles
OR
✓
On CAN vehicles Scan Tool
displays:
❒ Test performed. The test
performed can be $## if test is
not defined. Refer to vehicle
service manual for details.
❒ Measured values and units of
measured (such as volts,
amps, and seconds).
❒ Status of monitor test data.
❒ Module ID where the monitor
test data came from.
O2 Sensor B2S2
=====================
RICH-LN
Thresh
Module
$00
MAX:
0.6012 (V)
MEAS:
0.6012 (V)
MIN:
0.6012 (V)
CAN Vehicles
3. Return to Select Test Menu.
•Press
BACK key.
4. Return to Diagnostic Menu.
•Press
BACK key.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 35
4
Diagnostic Menu
On-Board Systems
The On-Board Systems test allows the Scan Tool to control operation
of vehicle components, tests or systems.
✓
✓
Some manufacturers do not allow tools to control vehicle systems. A
vehicle not supporting an on-board system is identified by a message
that is displayed when selected.
Refer to the vehicle service manual for on-board systems instructions.
From the Diagnostic Menu:
1. Select On-Board Systems.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until On-Board Systems
is highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
View Fre eze Data
Drive Cycle Monitor
O2 Monitor Tests
Diag Monitor Tests
On-Board Systems
Vehicle Information
44
✓
A list of on-board systems and
components available for testing are shown on the display.
2. Select Test.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key.
ENTER.
•Press
On-Board Systems
=====================
EVAP System Test
3. Return to On-Board Systems menu.
•Press
BACK key.
4. Return to Diagnostic Menu.
•Press
✓
BACK key.
The manufacturer is responsible for determining the criteria to
automatically stop test. Refer to appropriate vehicle service manual.
4 – 36 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
Vehicle Information
The Vehicle Information function allows the Scan Tool to request the
vehicle’s VIN number, calibration ID(s) which identifies software
version in vehicle control module(s), calibration verification numbers
(CVN(s)) and in-use performance tracking.
✓
Vehicle Information function applies to model year 2000 and newer
OBD II compliant vehicles.
✓
The Scan Tool cannot verify if data is correct for scanned vehicles.
✓
CVNs are calculated values required by OBD II regulations.
✓
✓
✓
4
The CVN calculation may take several minutes.
CVNs are reported to determine if emission-related calibrations have
been changed. Multiple CVNs may be reported for a control module.
In-use performance tracking, tracks performance of key I/M Monitors.
From the Diagnostic Menu:
1. Select Vehicle Information.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Vehicle Information
is highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
View Fre eze Data
Drive Cycle Monitor
O2 Monitor Tests
Diag Monitor Tests
On-Board Systems
Vehicle Information
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 37
Diagnostic Menu
2. Select information to view
from Menu.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key to highlight desired
selection.
ENTER.
•Press
Vehicle Information
=====================
VIN
CVN
CAL ID
IPT
3. View Information Supported
by Vehicle.
UP or
DOWN arrow key (if required).
•Use
VIN
=====================
VIN #1
Mod $10
5GZDV03L85D278166
CVN
=====================
CVN #1
Mod $04
9D 3B 07 AE
CVN #2
Mod $00
12 08 25 DC
44
CAL ID
=====================
CAL ID #1
MOD $04
4F 1910 156 G 0070
CAL ID #2
MOD $00
4F 0910 560 A 0010
✓
✓
IPT
=====================
AIR Mon Comp
$00
14
AIR Mon Cond
$00
15
In the above examples, Module $00 and $04 returned data. Scroll
down to view information. CVNs are shown as hexadecimal numbers.
Abbreviations and names for in-use performance tracking data
supported by Scan Tool are shown below. Not all data is supported by
all vehicles.
4 – 38 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
Abbreviated Name
In-Use Perf
Tracking
Expanded Name
In-Use Performance Tracking
OBD Mon Cond
OBD Monitoring Conditions Encountered Counts
Ignition Cycles
Ignition Counter
Cat Comp Bank x
Catalyst Monitor Completion Counts Bank x
Cat Cond Bank x
Catalyst Monitor Conditions Encountered Counts
Bank x
O2 Comp Bank x
O2 Sensor Monitor Completion Counts Bank x
O2 Cond Bank x
O2 Sensor Conditions Encountered Counts Bank x
EGR Mon Comp
EGR Monitor Completion Condition Counts
EGR Mon Cond
EGR Monitor Conditions Encountered Counts
AIR Mon Comp
AIR Monitor Completion Condition Counts
(Secondary Air)
AIR Mon Cond
AIR Monitor Conditions Encountered Counts
(Secondary Air)
EVAP Mon Comp
EVAP Monitor Completion Condition Counts
EVAP Mon Cond
EVAP Monitor Conditions Encountered Counts
✓
If message INVALID displays on screen, then data returned from the
vehicle is incorrect, or is not formatted in accordance with OBD II
specification.
4. Return to Vehicle Information Menu:
•Press
BACK key.
5. Return to Diagnostic Menu:
•Press
BACK.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 39
4
Diagnostic Menu
Modules Present
The Scan Tool identifies the module IDs and communication type
for all Global OBD II modules in the vehicle.
From the Diagnostic Menu:
1. Select Modules Present.
•Use
UP or
DOWN arrow
key until Modules Present is
highlighted.
ENTER.
•Press
44
✓
Diagnostic Menu
=====================
Drive Cycle Monitor O2 Monitor Tests
Diag Monitor Tests
On-Board Systems
Vehicle Information Modules Present
The types of protocols (communication types) supported by the Scan
Tool are:
❒ ISO 9141-2 protocol is shown as ISO.
Modules Present
=====================
ID
Protocols
$10 ISO*
$1A ISO*
4 – 40 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Diagnostic Menu
❒ SAE J1850 protocol is shown as VPWM or PWM.
Modules Present
=====================
ID
Protocols
$10 VPWM*
$1A VPWM*
OR
Modules Present
=====================
ID
Protocols
$10 PWM*
$1A PWM*
❒ ISO 15765-4 protocol is shown as CAN.
Modules Present
=====================
ID
Protocols
$01 CAN*7e9
$00 CAN*7e8
✓
Since CAN vehicles use module IDs larger than 2 digits, the Scan Tool
assigns a 2 digit module ID to be used in place of the actual CAN
module ID. The module ID assigned for the CAN module ID is used
in all functions of the Scan Tool.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 41
4
Diagnostic Menu
❒ ISO 14230-4 protocol is shown as K2K (Keyword 2000).
Modules Present
=====================
ID
Protocols
$10 K2K*
$1A K2K*
✓
In the above examples, the * indicates the protocol used to
communicate to the vehicle’s control module.
44
4 – 42 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Section 5 – Troubleshooting
Error Messages
Check the following if an error message displays:
❒ Verify ignition key is in the ON and not in the ACCESSORIES
position.
❒ Make sure the DLC Cable is attached to vehicle DLC and Scan
Tool.
❒ Look at DLC and check for cracked or recessed pins, or for any
substance that could prevent a good electrical connection.
❒ Test for continuity between the DLC wiring and the computer. In
an extreme case, there may be a broken wire.
❒ Check for bent or broken pins.
❒ With the engine off, check for blown fuses in the vehicle fuse box.
❒ Make sure the vehicle’s control module has a good ground. If the
computer case is grounded, then clean the connection and apply
a conductive (dielectric) grease to the mating surfaces.
❒ With the key on engine off (KOEO), verify battery voltage is at
least 8.0V
❒ Verify the control module is not defective. Refer to the service
manual to diagnose the control module.
Scan Tool Does Not Power Up
✓
Review Safety Precautions before troubleshooting.
If Scan Tool will not power up, communicate with vehicle’s control
module, pass Scan Tool self-tests, or functions incorrectly in any other
way, do the following:
❒ Check and replace the batteries if needed.
❒ Clean the DLC pins.
❒ Disconnect and reconnect DLC making sure it is connected
correctly.
❒ Check vehicle battery to make sure at least 8.0 volts is present.
❒ Contact customer service.
❒ With the engine off, check for blown fuses in the vehicle fuse box.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 5–1
5
Troubleshooting
Vehicle Communication Fault
The vehicle’s control module(s) enters into an unrecoverable state.
1.Turn vehicle key to OFF
position.
• Wait 10 seconds.
• Press
ENTER.
Vehicle Comm Fault
=====================
Please Turn the
Key Off
For 10 Seconds
Press ENTER To Reset Tool.
5
5–2 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Troubleshooting
Operating Error or Erroneous Data
An Operating Error or Erroneous Data occurs if vehicle’s computer(s)
stop(s) communicating with Scan Tool.
1.Make Selection
• Use
LEFT or
arrow key.
•Press
ENTER.
RIGHT
LINK ERROR
Check Connections!
Try Again?
YES
✓
NO
See “Error Messages” on page 5-1 for possible causes.
Battery Replacement
The Scan Tool requires 4-AAA alkaline batteries for operation without
vehicle power.
✓
✓
✓
When the batteries need replacing, the low-battery icon ( ) is
displayed.
Rechargeable batteries do not last as long as alkaline types and
are not recommended.
Non-rechargeable Lithium (Li) battery can be used. Though
Lithium types last longer than the alkaline types, they are more
expensive.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 5–3
5
Troubleshooting
1.Place Display Face Down.
• On non-abrasive surface.
2. Remove Battery Cover.
• Turn phillips screw
counterclockwise.
• Slide battery cover off.
+
+
+
+
3. Remove Batteries and Properly Discard.
4. Install New Batteries.
• 4-AAA Alkaline Batteries.
5
5. Reinstall Battery Cover.
• Slide battery cover on.
• Install phillips screw turning it clockwise.
• Do not overtighten screw.
5–4 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Troubleshooting
Tool Self-Tests
Tool Self-Tests check the display, keys, and internal memory.
✓
Refer to Using The Scan Tool section of the manual for the
operation procedures for Scan Tool self-tests.
Technical Support
• Toll-Free Number: 1-800-MAC-TOOLS.
5
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 5–5
Troubleshooting
5
5–6 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Appendix A – PID Definitions
NOTE:
Although there are in excess of 300 PIDS, the Tool only displays
the PIDs the vehicle supports.
Tool
Description
ABS FRP
Absolute Fuel Rail Pressure
ABS LOAD
Absolute Load Value
ABS TPS B, C
Throttle Position B, C
ABSLT TPS
Absolute Throttle Position
ACC POS D
Accelerator Pedal D, E, F
ACC POS REL
Relative Accelerator Pedal Position
AECD1_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #1 Timer 1 Active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD10_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #10 Timer 1 Active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD11_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #11 Timer 1 active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD12_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #12 Timer 1 active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD13_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #13 Timer 1 active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD14_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #14 Timer 1 active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD15_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #15 Timer 1 active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD16_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #16 Timer 1 active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD17_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #17 Timer 1 active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD18_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #18 Timer 1 active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD19_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #19 Timer 1 active, #2 Timer
Active
A
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• A–1
PID Definitions
A
AECD2_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #2 Timer 1 Active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD20_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #20 Timer 1 active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD3_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #3 Timer 1 Active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD4_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #4 Timer 1 Active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD5_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #5 Timer 1 Active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD6_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #6 Timer 1 Active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD7_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #7 Timer 1 Active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD8_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #8 Timer 1 Active, #2 Timer
Active
AECD9_TIME1, TIME 2
Total Run Time with EI-AECD #9 Timer 1 Active, #2 Timer
Active
ALCOHOL
Alcohol Fuel Percent
BARO PRS
Barometric Pressure
BAT_PWR
Hybrid Battery Pack Remaining Life
BP_A_ACT, B_ACT
Boost Pressure Sensor A, Sensor B
BP_A_CMD, B_CMD
Commanded Boost Pressure A, Pressure B
BP_A_STAT, B_STAT
Boost Pressure A Control Status, B Control Status
CACT 11, 12
Charge Air Cooler Temperature Bank 1 Sensor 1 supported,
Sensor 2 supported
CACT 21,22
Charge Air Cooler Temperature Bank 2 Sensor 1 supported,
Sensor 2 supported
CALC LOAD
Calculated Engine Load
CAT TEMP11, TEMP12
Catalytic Converter Temp Bank1, Temp Bank 3
CAT TEMP21, TEMP22
Catalytic Converter Temp Bank2, Temp Bank 4
CLR DIST
Distance since erase
CLR TIME
Minutes Run since Erase
CLR TRPS
Warmups Since Erase
A–2 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • PID Definitions
CMD EQ RAT
Commanded Equivalence Ratio
COOLANT
Engine Coolant Temp
DPF_REG_AVGD
Average Distance Between DPF Regen
DPF_REG_AVGT
Average Time Between DPF Regen
DPF_REG_STAT
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Regen Status
DPF_REG_TYP
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Regen Type
DPF_REGEN_PCT
Normalized Trigger for DPF Regen
DPF1_DP, DPF2_DP
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Bank 1 Delta Pressure Ban,k 2
Delta Pressure
DPF1_INP, DPF2_INP
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Bank 1 Inlet Pressure, Bank 2
Inlet Pressure
DPF1_INT, DPF2_INT
DPF Bank 1 Inlet Temperature Sensor, Bank 2 Inlet Temperature Sensor
DPF1_OUTP,
DPF2_OUTP
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Bank 1 Outlet Pressure, Bank 2
Outlet Pressure
DPF1_OUTT,
DPF2_OUTT
DPF Bank 1 Outlet Temperature Sensor, Bank 2 Outlet Temperature Sensor
ECT 1, 2
Engine Coolant Temperature 1, Temperature 2
EGR CMD
Comanded EGR
EGR ERR
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Error
EGR_A_ACT, B_ACT
Actual EGR A Duty Cycle/Position, B Duty Cycle/Position
EGR_A_CMD, B_CMD
Commanded EGR A Duty Cycle/Position, B Duty Cycle/Position
EGR_A_ERR, B_ERR
EGR A Error, B Error
EGRT 11, 21
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Temperature Bank 1 Sensor 1,
Bank 2 Sensor 1
EGRT 12, 22
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Temperature Bank 1 Sensor 2,
Bank 2 Sensor 2
EGT 11, 21
Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) Bank 1 Sensor 1, Bank 2
Sensor 1
EGT 12, 22
Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) Bank 1 Sensor 2, Bank 2
Sensor 2
EGT 13, 23
Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) Bank 1 Sensor 3, Bank 2
Sensor 3
A
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• A–3
PID Definitions
EGT 14, 24
Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) Bank 1 Sensor 4, Bank 2
Sensor 4
EMIS_SUP
Emission requirements to which vehicle is designed
ENG RUN
Time Since Engine Start
ENG SPEED
Engine RPM
EOT
Engine Oil Temperature
EP_1, 2
Exhaust Pressure Sensor Bank 1, Bank 2
EQ RATIO
Equivalence Ratio
EVAP PURGE
Commanded EVAP Purge
EVAP VP
EVAP Vapor Pressure
EVAP VPA
Absolute EVAP Vapor Pressure
FRP_A, B
Fuel Rail Pressure A, B
FRP_A_CMD, B_CMD
Commanded Fuel Rail Pressure A, B
FRT_A, B
Fuel Rail Temperature A, B
FUEL LEVEL
Fuel Level Input
FUEL PRES
Fuel Rail Pressure
FUEL SYS 1, 2
Fuel System 1 Loop Status, System 2 Loop Status
FUEL TYPE
Fuel Type
FUEL_RATE
Engine Fuel Rate
FUEL_TIMING
Fueling Injection Timing
GPL_STAT
Glow Plug Lamp Status
IAF_A_CMD, B_CMD
Commanded Intake Air Flow A Control, B Control
IAF_A_REL, B_REL
Relative Intake Air Flow A Position, B Position
IAT
Intake Air Temp
IAT 11, 21
Intake Air Temperature Sensor Bank 1 Sensor 1, Bank 2 Sensor 1
IAT 12, 22
Intake Air Temperature Sensor Bank 1 Sensor 2, Bank 2 Sensor 2
IAT 13, 23
Intake Air Temperature Sensor Bank 1 Sensor 3, Bank 2 Sensor 3
ICP_A, B
Injection Control Pressure A, B
A
A–4 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • PID Definitions
ICP_A_CMD, B_CMD
Commanded Injection Control Pressure A, B
IDLE_TIME
Total Idle Run Time
IGN ADV
Timing Advance
LAMBDA11, 21
02 Sensor Lambda Bank 1 Sensor 1, Bank 2 Sensor 1
LAMBDA12, 22
02 Sensor Lambda Bank 1 Sensor 2, Bank 2 Sensor 2
LT FTRM1
Long Term Fuel Trim 1 or 3
LT FTRM2
Long Term Fuel Trim 2 or 4
LT SEC FT1, 2, 3, 4
Long Term Secondary O2 Sensor Fuel Trim 1, 2, 3, 4
MAF, A, B
Mass Air Flow, A, B
MAP, A, B
Manifold Absolute Pressure, A, B
MIL DIST
MIL_DIST
MIL STATUS
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
MIL TIME
Minutes Run by MIL activated
MST
Manifold Surface Temperature
N/D_STAT
Auto Trans Neutral Drive Status
N/G_STAT
Manual Trans Neutral Gear Status
NNTE_Stat
NOx NTE control area status
NOX 11, 21
NOx Sensor Concentration Bank 1 Sensor 1, Bank 2 Sensor 1
NOX 12,22
NOx Sensor Concentration Bank 1 Sensor 2, Bank 2 Sensor 2
NOX LEVEL HI, HI1,
HI2, HI3, HI4
SCR inducement system actual state 10K history HI1 (0 10000 km), 10K history HI2 (10000 - 20000 km), 10K history
HI3 (20000 - 30000 km), 10K history HI4 (30000 - 40000
km): NOx emission too high
NOX_ADS_DESUL
NOx Adsorber Desulfurization Status
NOX_ADS_REGEN
NOx Adsorber Regen Status
NWI_TIME
Total Run Time by the Engien whicle NOx warning mode is
activated
O2S
O2 Voltage or Current indicates Bank/Sensor
O2S11_PCT, O2S21_PCT
02 Sensor Concentration Bank 1 Sensor 1, Bank 2 Sensor 1
A
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• A–5
PID Definitions
A
O2S12_PCT, O2S22_PCT
02 Sensor Concentration Bank 1 Sensor 2, Bank 2 Sensor 2
OBD2 STAT
OBD Status
OUT TEMP
Ambient Air Temp
PM 11, PM 21
PM Sensor Mass Concentration Bank 1 Sensor 1, Bank 2 Sensor 1
PNTE_Stat
PM NTE control area status
PTO STATUS
PTO Status
PTO_STAT
Power Take Off (PTO) Status
PTO_TIME
Total Run Time With PTO Active
REAG_DEMD
Average Demanded Reagent Consumption
REAG_LVL
Reagent Tank Level
REAG_RATE
Average Reagent Consumption
REL FRP
Relative Fuel Rail Pressure
REL TPS
Relative Throttle Position
RUN_TIME
Total Engine Run Time
SCR REAG DEV, DEV1,
DEV2, DEV3, DEV4
SCR inducement system actual state 10K history DEV1 (0 10000 km), 10K history DEV2 (10000 - 20000 km), 10K history DEV3 (20000 - 30000 km), 10K history DEV4 (30000 40000 km): deviation of reagent consumption
SCR REAG LOW, LOW1,
LOW2, LOW3, LOW4
SCR inducement system actual state 10K history LOW1 (0 10000 km), 10K history LOW2 (10000 - 20000 km), 10K history LOW3 (20000 - 30000 km), 10K history LOW4 (30000 40000 km): reagent level too low
SCR REAG WRONG,
WRONG1, WRONG2,
WRONG3, WRONG4
SCR inducement system actual state 10K history WRONG1 (0
- 10000 km), 10K history WRONG2 (10000 - 20000 km), 10K
history WRONG3 (20000 - 30000 km), 10K history
WRONG4 (30000 - 40000 km): incorrect reagent
SCR SYS ACTIVE
SCR inducement system actual state: inducement system
active
SCR_DIST_1D
Distance travelled in current 10K block (0 - 10000 km)
SCR_DIST_1N, 2N, 3N,
4N
Distance travelled while inducement system active in current
10K block 1N (0 - 10000 km), 20K block 2N (10 - 20000 km),
30K block 3N (20 - 30000 km), 40K block 4N (30 - 40000 km)
SECOND AIR
Secondary Air Status
ST FTRM
Fuel Trim Bank/Sensor
A–6 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • PID Definitions
ST FTRM1, 3
Short Term Fuel Trim1 or 3
ST FTRM2, 4
Short Term Fuel Trim2 or 4
ST SEC FT1, 2, 3, 4
Short Term Secondary O2 Sensor Fuel Trim 1, 2, 3, 4
TAC_A_CMD, B_CMD
Commanded Throttle Actuator A Control, B Control
TAC_A_REL, B_REL
Relative Throttle A Position, B Position
TCA_CINP, TCB_CINP
Turbocharger Compressor Inlet Pressure Sensor A, Pressure
Sensor B
TCA_CINT, TCB_CINT
Turbocharger A Compressor Inlet Temperature, Turbocharger
B
TCA_COUT, TCB_COUT
Turbocharger A Compressor Outlet Temperature, Turbocharger B
TCA_RPM, TCB_RPM
Turbocharger A RPM, B RPM
TCA_TCOUT,
TCB_TCOUT
Turbocharger A Turbine Outlet Temperature, Turbocharger B
TCA_TINT, TCB_TINT
Turbocharger A Turbine Inlet Temperature, Turbocharger B
THROT CMD
Commanded Throttle Actuator Control
TP G
Absolute Throttle Position G
TQ_ACT
Actual Engine - Percent Torque
TQ_DD
Driver's Demand Engine - Percent Torque
TQ_MAX1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Engine Percent Torque At Point 1 (Idle), Point 2, 3, 4, 5
TQ_REF
Engine Reference Torque
TROUB CODE
Code causing the Freeze Frame
VEH SPEED
Vehicle Speed
VGT_A_ACT, B_ACT
Variable Geometry Turbo A Position, Turbo B
VGT_A_CMD, B_CMD
Commanded Variable Geometry Turbo A Position, Turbo B
VGT_A_STAT, B_STAT
Variable Geometry Turbo A Control Status, Turbo B
VPWR
Control Module Voltage
WG_A_ACT, B_ACT
Wastegate A Position, B Position
WG_A_CMD, B_CMD
Commanded Wastegate A Control, B Control
A
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• A–7
PID Definitions
A
A–8 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Appendix B – Glossary
A/C:
Air Conditioner
A/D:
Analog to Digital
A/F:
Air/Fuel ratio. The proportion of air and fuel delivered to the cylinder for
combustion. For example, an A/F ratio of 14:1 denotes 14 times as much air as
fuel in the mixture. Ideally the A/F ratio is 14.7:1.
ABS:
Anti-lock Brake System
A/C Clutch Relay:
The PCM uses this relay to energize the A/C clutch, turning the A/C compressor
on or off.
A/C Pressure Sensor:
Measures air conditioning refrigerant pressure and sends a voltage signal to the
PCM.
A/C Pressure Switch:
A mechanical switch connected to the A/C refrigerant line. The switch is
activated (sending a signal to the PCM) when the A/C refrigerant pressure
becomes too low or high.
Actuator:
Actuators such as relays, solenoids, and motors allow the PCM to control the
operation of vehicle systems.
Air Injection Reaction (AIR) System:
An emission control system operated by the PCM. During cold starts, an air
pump injects outside air into the exhaust manifold to help burn hot exhaust
gases. This reduces pollution and speeds warm-up of oxygen sensors and
catalytic converters. After the engine is warm, the air will either be dumped back
to the atmosphere (or into the air cleaner assembly) or sent to the catalytic
converter.
APP:
Acceleration Pedal Position (Sensor)
ASR:
Acceleration Slip Regulation
Bank x:
The standard way of referring to the bank of cylinders containing cylinder #x.
In-line engines have only one bank of cylinders. Most commonly used to identify
the location of oxygen sensors. See O2S, Sensor x, Sensor x.
B
BARO:
Barometric Pressure Sensor. See MAP Sensor.
BBV:
Brake Boost Vacuum (Sensor)
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• B–1
Glossary
BCM:
Body Control Module
Boost Control Solenoid:
A solenoid energized by the PCM to control turbo/supercharger boost pressure.
Brake Switch Signal:
An input signal to the PCM indicating the brake pedal is being pressed. This
signal is typically used to disengage Cruise Control systems and Torque
Converter Clutch (TCC) solenoids. See also TCC.
CAM:
Camshaft Position Sensor. Sends a frequency signal to the PCM in order to
synchronize fuel injector and spark plug firing.
Catalytic Converter:
Designed to reduce exhaust emissions.
CAN:
Controller Area Network
CARB:
California Air Resources Board. Governing body for emissions control in
California.
CKP REF:
Crankshaft Position Reference.
CKP:
Crankshaft Position. See CPS.
CKT:
Circuit
Closed Loop (CL):
A feedback system using the O2 Sensor(s) to monitor the results of combustion.
Based on the signal(s) from the O2 sensor(s), the PCM modifies the air/fuel
mixture to maintain optimum performance with lowest emissions. In closed loop
mode, the PCM can fine tune control of a system to achieve an exact result.
CMP:
Camshaft Position Sensor
CO:
Carbon Monoxide; odorless gas produced by incomplete combustion.
Code Scanner:
A device that interfaces with, and communicates information via, a data link.
Continuous Memory Codes:
See Pending Codes.
B
CPS:
Crankshaft Position Sensor. Sends a frequency signal to the PCM. It is used to
reference fuel injector operation and synchronize spark plug firing on
distributorless ignition systems (DIS).
CTS:
Coolant Temperature Sensor. A resistance sensor that sends a voltage signal
to the PCM indicating the temperature of the coolant. This signal tells the PCM
whether the engine is cold or warm.
B–2 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Glossary
CVRTD:
Continuous Variable Real Time Damping
D/R:
Drive/Reverse
Data Link Connector (DLC):
Connector providing access and/or control of the vehicle information, operating
conditions, and diagnostic information. Vehicles with OBD II use a 16-pin
connector located in the passenger compartment on the driver’s side.
Data Stream:
The actual data communications sent from the vehicle’s PCM to the data
connector.
DEPS:
Digital Engine Position Sensor.
Detonation:
See Knock.
DI/DIS:
Direct Ignition/Distributorless Ignition System. A system that produces the
ignition spark without the use of a distributor.
DPFE:
Differential Pressure Feedback – Exhaust Gas Recirculation Sensor
DTC:
Diagnostic Trouble Code. An alphanumeric identifier for a fault condition
identified by the On Board Diagnostic System.
Duty Cycle:
A term applied to signals that switch between on and off. Duty cycle is the
percentage of time the signal is on. For example, if the signal is on only one
fourth of the time, then the duty cycle is 25%. The PCM uses duty cycle type
signals to maintain precise control of an actuator.
EBCM:
Electronic Brake Control Module
EBTCM:
Electronic Brake/Traction Control Module
ECM
Engine Control Module or Electronic Control Module
ECT:
Engine Coolant Temperature sensor. See CTS.
EEPROM:
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EFE:
Early Fuel Evaporation
EFI:
Electronic Fuel Injection. Any system where a computer controls fuel delivery
to the engine by using fuel injectors.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• B–3
B
Glossary
EGR:
Exhaust Gas Recirculation. The PCM uses the EGR system to recirculate
exhaust gases back into the intake manifold to reduce emissions. EGR is used
only during warm engine cruise conditions.
EOP:
Engine Oil Pressure (Switch)
EOT
Engine Oil Temperature (Sensor)
EPA:
Environmental Protection Agency.
ESC:
Electronic Spark Control. An ignition system function that warns the PCM when
knock is detected. The PCM then retards spark timing to eliminate the knocking
condition.
EST:
Electronic Spark Timing. An ignition system that allows the PCM to control spark
advance timing. The PCM determines optimum spark timing from sensor
information — engine speed, throttle position, coolant temperature, engine load,
vehicle speed, Park/Neutral switch position, and knock sensor condition.
EVAP:
Evaporative Emissions System.
FC:
Fan Control
Freeze Frame:
A block of memory containing DTCs of the vehicle operating conditions for a
specific time.
FTP:
Federal Test Procedure. Strict test of vehicle emissions.
Ground (GND):
An electrical conductor used as a common return for an electric circuit(s) and
with a relative zero potential (voltage).
Hall Effect Sensor:
Any of a type of sensor utilizing a permanent magnet and a transistorized Hall
Effect switch. Hall Effect type sensors may be used to measure speed and
position of the crankshaft or camshaft — for spark timing and fuel injector
control.
HO2S:
Heated Oxygen Sensor. See O2S.
B
HVAC:
Heating, Ventilation & Air Conditioning (System)
I/M:
Inspection and Maintenance. An emission control program.
IAC:
Idle Air Control. A device mounted on the throttle body which adjusts the amount
of air bypassing a closed throttle so that the PCM can control idle speed.
B–4 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Glossary
IAT:
Intake Air Temperature (Sensor)
ICM:
Ignition Control Module.
IMRC:
Intake Manifold Runner Control
IPC:
Instrument Panel Cluster
ISC:
Idle Speed Control. A small electric motor mounted on the throttle body and
controlled by the PCM. The PCM can control idle speed by commanding the ISC
to adjust its position.
ISO:
International Organization of Standardization also known as International
Standards Organization.
KAM:
Keep Alive Memory
Knock Sensor (KS):
Used to detect engine detonation or knock. The sensor contains a piezoelectric
element and is threaded into the engine block. Special construction makes the
element sensitive only to engine vibrations associated with detonation.
Knock:
Uncontrolled ignition of the air/fuel mixture in the cylinder. Also referred to as
detonation or ping. Knock indicates extreme cylinder pressures or “hotspots”
which are causing the air/fuel mixture to detonate prematurely.
KOEO:
Key On Engine Off. Turn the ignition key to on, but don’t start the engine.
KOER:
Key On Engine Running. Start the vehicle.
LCD:
Liquid Crystal Display
LTFT:
Long Term Fuel Trim
M/T:
Manual transmission or manual transaxle.
MAF:
Mass Air Flow (sensor). Measures the amount and density of air entering the
engine and sends a frequency or voltage signal to the PCM. The PCM uses this
signal in its fuel delivery calculations.
MAP:
Manifold Absolute Pressure (sensor). Measures intake manifold vacuum or
pressure and sends a frequency or voltage signal (depending on sensor type)
to the PCM. This gives the PCM information on engine load for control of fuel
delivery, spark advance, and EGR flow.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• B–5
B
Glossary
MAT:
Manifold Air Temperature (sensor). A resistance sensor in the intake manifold
that sends a voltage signal to the PCM indicating the temperature of the
incoming air. The PCM uses this signal for fuel delivery calculations.
MIL:
Malfunction Indicator Lamp. The MIL is most commonly known as the Check
Engine or Service Engine Soon light. A required on-board indicator to alert the
driver of an emission-related malfunction.
Misfire:
Caused by the air fuel ratio being incorrect.
Monitor:
A test performed by the on-board computer to verify proper operation of
emission-related systems or components.
MPFI or MFI:
Multi-Port Fuel Injection. MPFI is a fuel injection system using one (or more)
injector(s) for each cylinder. The injectors are mounted in the intake manifold,
and fired in groups rather than individually.
NOx:
Oxides of Nitrogen. The system EGR and Camshafts injects exhaust gases into
the intake manifold to reduce these gases at the tailpipe.
O2S:
Oxygen Sensor. Generates a voltage of 0.6 to 1.1 volts when the exhaust gas
is rich (low oxygen content). The voltage changes to 0.4 volts or less when the
exhaust gas is lean (high oxygen content). This sensor only operates after it
reaches a temperature of approximately 349ºC (660ºF). O2 sensors are usually
found both upstream and downstream of the catalytic converter. The PCM uses
these sensors to fine tune the air-fuel ratio and to monitor the efficiency of the
catalytic converter. See Bank 1, Bank 2, Sensor 1, Sensor 2.
OBD II:
On-Board Diagnostics, Second Generation. OBD II is a U.S.
Government-mandated standard requiring all cars and light trucks to have a
common data connector, connector location, communication protocol, DTCs
and code definitions. OBD II first appeared on vehicles in late 1994, and is
required to be present on all cars sold in the US after January 1, 1996.
ODM:
Output Device Monitor.
B
Open Loop (OL):
A control system mode that does not monitor the output to verify if the desired
results were achieved. A fuel delivery system usually operates in open loop
mode during cold engine warm-up because the oxygen sensors are not yet
ready to send a signal. Without the oxygen sensor signal, the computer cannot
check the actual results of combustion.
PCM:
Powertrain Control Module. The brains of the engine and transmission control
systems housed in a metal box with a number of sensors and actuators
connected via a wiring harness. Its job is to control fuel delivery, idle speed,
B–6 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Glossary
spark advance timing, and emission systems. The PCM receives information
from sensors, then energizes various actuators to control the engine. The PCM
is also known as the ECM (Engine Control Module).
Pending Codes:
Also referred to as Continuous Memory codes and Maturing Diagnostic Trouble
Codes. Pending Codes may be set by emission related powertrain components
and systems. If the fault does not occur after a certain number of drive cycles,
the code is erased from memory.
PID:
Parameter Identification. Identifies an address in memory which contains
vehicle operating information.
PNP:
Park/Neutral Position. A switch that tells the PCM when the gear shift lever is
in the Park or Neutral position. When in Park or Neutral, the PCM operates the
engine in an idle mode.
PROM:
Programmable Read-Only Memory. The PROM contains programming
information the PCM needs to operate a specific vehicle model/engine
combination.
PSPS:
Power Steering Pressure Switch
Purge Solenoid:
Controls the flow of fuel vapors from the carbon canister to the intake manifold.
The canister collects vapors evaporating from the fuel tank, preventing them
from escaping to the atmosphere and causing pollution. During warm engine
cruise conditions, the PCM energizes the Purge Solenoid so the trapped vapors
are drawn into the engine and burned.
PWM:
Pulse Width Modulated
PZM:
Platform Zone Module
QDM:
Quad Driver Module
RAM:
Random Access Memory
Relay:
An electromechanical device in which connections in one circuit are switched.
Reluctance Sensor:
A type of sensor typically used to measure crankshaft or camshaft speed and/or
position, driveshaft speed, and wheel speed.
ROM:
Read-Only Memory. Permanent programming information stored inside the
PCM, containing the information the PCM needs to operate a specific vehicle
model/engine combination.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• B–7
B
Glossary
RPM:
Revolutions Per Minute
SAE:
Society of Automotive Engineers.
Scan Tool:
A device that interfaces with and communicates information on a data link.
SDM:
Sensing and Diagnostic Module
Sensor x:
A standard term used to identify the location of oxygen sensors. Sensor 1 is
located upstream of the catalytic converter. See O2S, Bank 1, Bank 2.
Sensor:
Any device that reports information to the PCM. The job of the sensor is to
convert a parameter such as engine temperature into an electrical signal that the
PCM can understand.
SFI or SEFI:
Sequential Fuel Injection or Sequential Electronic Fuel Injection. A fuel injection
system using one or more injectors for each cylinder. The injectors are mounted
in the intake manifold and are fired individually.
Solenoid:
A device consisting of an electrical coil which when energized, produces a
magnetic field in a plunger, which is pulled to a central position. A solenoid may
be used as an actuator in a valve or switch.
STFT:
Short Term Fuel Trim.
STS:
Service Throttle Soon
TAC:
Throttle Actuator Control
TBI:
Throttle Body Injection. A fuel injection system having one or more injectors
mounted in a centrally located throttle body, as opposed to positioning the
injectors close to an intake valve port. TBI is also called Central Fuel Injection
(CFI) in some vehicles.
TCC:
Torque Converter Clutch
TCM:
Transmission Control Module
B
TCS:
Traction Control System for PCM and brakes
TDC:
Top Dead Center. When a piston is at its uppermost position in the cylinder.
TFP:
Transmission Fluid Pressure
B–8 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Glossary
TFT:
Transmission Fluid Temperature (Sensor)
Throttle Body:
A device which performs the same function as a carburetor in a fuel injection
system. On a throttle body injection (TBI) system, the throttle body is both the
air door and the location of the fuel injectors. On port fuel injection systems (PFI,
MPFI, SFI, etc.), the throttle body is simply an air door. Fuel is not added until
the injectors at each intake port are activated. In each case, the throttle body is
attached to the accelerator pedal.
TPS:
Throttle Position Sensor. Potentiometer-type sensor connected to the throttle
shaft. Its voltage signal output increases as the throttle is opened. The PCM
uses this signal to control many systems such as idle speed, spark advance, fuel
delivery, etc.
Traction Assist:
Assist in traction with brakes only.
Trip:
Vehicle operation for a period of time so the systems can be monitored.
TTS:
Transmission Temperature Sensor. A resistance sensor mounted in the
transmission housing in contact with the transmission fluid. It sends a voltage
signal to the PCM indicating the temperature of the transmission.
VECI:
Vehicle Emission Control Information. A decal located in the engine
compartment containing information about the emission control systems found
on the vehicle. The VECI is the authoritative source for determining whether a
vehicle is OBD II compliant.
VIN:
Vehicle Identification Number. This is the factory-assigned vehicle serial
number. This number is stamped on a number of locations throughout the
vehicle, but the most prominent location is on top of the dashboard on the
driver’s side, visible from outside the car. The VIN includes information about the
car, including where it was built, body and engine codes, options, and a
sequential build number.
VSS:
Vehicle Speed Sensor. Sends a frequency signal to the PCM. The frequency
increases as the vehicle moves faster to give the PCM vehicle speed
information used to determine shift points, engine load, and cruise control
functions.
VTD:
Vehicle Theft Deterrent
Warm-up Cycle:
Warm-up cycle is when the engine coolant temperature rises at least 40
degrees above that at engine start up.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• B–9
B
Glossary
WOT:
Wide-Open Throttle. The vehicle operating condition brought about when the
throttle is completely (or nearly) open. The PCM typically delivers extra fuel to
the engine and de-energizs the A/C compressor at this time for acceleration
purposes. The PCM uses a switch or the TPS to identify the WOT condition.
B
B – 10 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Declaration of Conformity
This product is declared to be in compliance with the
European RoHS Directive 2002/95/EC which restricts
the following substances in electrical and electronic
equipment.
Substance
Maximum Concentration
Cadmium (Cd)
100 ppm
Hexavalent Chromium (CrVI)
1000 ppm
Lead (Pb)
1000 ppm
Mercury (Hg)
1000 ppm
Polybrominated Biphenyls (PBB)
1000 ppm
Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDE)
1000 ppm
This product is declared to conform to the following standard under the EMC
directive 89/336/EEC.
EN 61326-1:2006
Disposal Information
This product should be disposed of separately from household waste.
When the product reaches its end of life, dispose of it according to local
laws and regulations.
Matthew Koran
Hardware Development Manager
SPX Corporation
Service Solutions
Brook Park, Ohio, USA
April 27, 2011
Limited Warranty
THIS WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY LIMITED TO ORIGINAL RETAIL BUYERS OF SPX
ELECTRONIC DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS (“UNITS”).
SPX Units are warranted against defects in materials and workmanship for one year (12
months) from date of delivery. This warranty does not cover any Unit that has been
abused, altered, used for a purpose other than that for which it was intended, or used in
a manner inconsistent with instructions regarding use. The sole and exclusive remedy for
any Unit found to be defective is repair or replacement, the option of SPX. In no event shall
SPX be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental or consequential damages
(including lost profit) whether based on warranty, contract, tort or any other legal theory.
The existence of a defect shall be determined by SPX in accordance with procedures
established by SPX. No one is authorized to make any statement or representation
altering the terms of this warranty.
DISCLAIMER
THE ABOVE WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ANY OTHER WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR
A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
SOFTWARE
Unit software is proprietary, confidential information protected under copyright law. Users
have no right in or title to Unit software other than a limited right of use revocable by SPX.
Unit software may not be transferred or disclosed without written consent of SPX. Unit
software may not be copied except in ordinary backup procedures.
TECHNICAL SUPPORT
If you have any questions on the operation of the product, please call Tech services at
1-800-MAC-TOOLS.
REPAIR SERVICE
• Please contact Technical Support for troubleshooting and service options prior to
sending any unit in for repair.
• To send a unit in for repair, go to www.Repairtrack.spx.com and follow the online
instructions. This website will also have the latest Service policies and service center
locations. If you do not have internet access, please call 1-800-MAC-TOOLS.
MAC Tools
Tech Support Services
1-800-MAC-TOOLS
© 2011 SPX
All rights reserved.
Todos los derechos reservados.
Tous droits réservés.
P/N 0002-002-3152
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