Compressed Air Brakes - Groups 00

Compressed Air Brakes - Groups 00
Service Manual
Trucks
560-670
Compressed Air Brakes
VN, VHD
Group
PV776-TSP194846
Foreword
The descriptions and service procedures contained in this manual are based on designs
and methods studies carried out up to July 2003.
The products are under continuous development. Vehicles and components produced
after the above date may therefore have different specifications and repair methods.
When this is believed to have a significant bearing on this manual, supplementary
service bulletins will be issued to cover the changes.
The new edition of this manual will update the changes.
In service procedures where the title incorporates an operation number, this is a
reference to an V.S.T. (Volvo Standard Times).
Service procedures which do not include an operation number in the title are for general
information and no reference is made to an V.S.T.
The following levels of observations, cautions and warnings are used in this Service
Documentation:
Note: Indicates a situation, handling or circumstance which should be observed.
Caution: Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in
minor or moderate injury or damage to property.
Warning: Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result
in death, serious injury or major damage to property.
Danger: Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in
death or serious injury.
Volvo Trucks North America, Inc.
Greensboro, NC USA
Order number: PV776-TSP194846
© 2003 Volvo Trucks North America, Inc., Greensboro, NC USA
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in
retrieval system, or transmitted in any forms by any means, electronic,
mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written
permission of Volvo Trucks North America, Inc..
USA14061
Contents
3
3
Air Tubing and Fittings .............................................. 37
Air Tank Mounting ..................................................... 40
Specifications ........................................................... 5
Compressor ................................................................ 5
Knorr 2COMP850 ..................................................... 5
Bendix Tu–Flo 550 .................................................... 6
Bendix Tu–Flo 750 .................................................... 7
Holset SS 296/SS 296E/QE 296 .............................. 8
Air Dryer ..................................................................... 9
Air Dryer Wabco System Saver
1000/1200/1200E/1200P .......................................... 9
Bendix AD-IP ............................................................ 10
Midland Pure Air Plus ............................................... 10
CR Turbo 2000 ......................................................... 11
Troubleshooting ........................................................ 41
Compressor Troubleshooting .................................... 41
Air Dryer Troubleshooting ......................................... 43
Tools .......................................................................... 13
Special Tools ............................................................ 13
68
General ......................................................................
Compressed Air Brakes ............................................
Design and Function ................................................
Air Brake System ........................................................
General System Function .........................................
Governor ...................................................................
Compressor ................................................................
Knorr 2COMP850 .....................................................
Bendix 550/750 ........................................................
Holset .......................................................................
Air Dryer .....................................................................
Wabco System Saver 1000/1200 Series ..................
Bendix AD-IP ............................................................
CR Turbo–2000 ........................................................
Midland Pure Air Plus ...............................................
....................................................................................
Purge Tank ...............................................................
15
15
15
17
20
20
23
27
30
30
32
34
35
36
36
Service Procedures ..................................................
General Work Practices ............................................
Compressor, Replacement .......................................
Compressor Unloader Valve, Replacement .............
Compressor Cylinder Head Gasket, Replacement ...
Compressor, Replacement .......................................
Compressor Unloader Valve, Replacement .............
Compressor, Replacement .......................................
Compressor Unloader Valve and Head,
Replacement ............................................................
Compressor Unloader Valve and Head,
Replacement ............................................................
Air Dryer, Replacement ............................................
Air Dryer Desiccant Cartridge, Replacement ...........
Purge Tank, Replacement ........................................
Air Tank, Replacement .............................................
Governor, Replacement ............................................
Parking Brake Valve, Replacement ..........................
Parking Brake/Trailer Supply Valve, Replacement
(Dash) .......................................................................
Trailer Brake Control Valve, Replacement ................
Dash Valve, Replacement ........................................
Foot Brake Valve, Replacement ...............................
Foot Brake Valve Leak Test, Checking .....................
45
45
47
50
54
57
61
63
72
75
77
79
81
82
84
84
84
85
88
90
Feedback
Operation Numbers
1
2
Group 56
General
General
Compressed Air Brakes
W5000728
This information covers the supply system for the compressed air brakes. The supply
system includes compressor, governor, air dryer and other support valves with
connecting air lines.
The main components covered are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Compressor, Knorr 2COMP850
Compressor, Bendix Tu-Flo 550 and 750
Compressor, Holset SS296, SS296, QE296
Air Dryer, Bendix AD-IP
Air Dryer, Midland Pure Air Plus
Air Dryer, CR Turbo 2000
Air Dryer, WABCO System Saver 1000/1200/1200E/1200P
Footvalve
Governor
Servo Valve
Air Tanks
Air Tubing and Fittings
3
4
Group 56
Specifications
Specifications
Compressor
Knorr 2COMP850
Designation (sales designation: Volvo 26.5 CFM)
2COMP850
Type
Piston Compressor
Number of cylinders
2
Cooling cylinder head
Coolant
Capacity
750 L/min (26.5 cfm)
Maximum pressure
930 kPa (135 psi)
Maximum operating speed
2 700 r/min
Bore
88.0 mm (3.46 in.)
Stroke
50 mm (1.97 in.)
Tightening torques
Nm
ft-lb
Mounting flange bolts
85 ± 15
63 ± 10
Drive gear nut
225 ± 25
165 ± 20
Cylinder head bolts
31.5 ± 1.5
23 ± 1
Valve body bolt
31.5 ± 1.5
23 ± 1
Exhaust valve bolt
11 ± 0.5
8.1 ± 0.4
Intake valve bolt
12 ± 1.0
8.8 ± 0.7
5
Group 56
Specifications
Bendix Tu–Flo 550
Designation (Sales designation: Bendix 13.2 CFM)
Tu-Flo 550
Type
Piston Compressor
Number of cylinders
2
Cooling cylinder head
Coolant
Capacity
375 L/min (13.2 cfm)
Maximum pressure
930 kPa (135 psi)
Maximum operating speed
2400 r/min
Bore
70.6 mm (2.78 in.)
Stroke
38.1 mm (1.50 in.)
Tightening torques
Nm
ft-lb
Mounting flange bolts
85 ± 15
63 ± 10
Drive gear nut
165 ± 13.5
110 ± 10
Cylinder head bolts
53 ± 3.4
39 ± 2.5
Unloader valve cover plate bolts
23 ± 3
17 ± 2.0
Exhaust valve seat
110 ± 13
80 ± 10
Intake valve seat
110 ± 13
80 ± 10
6
Group 56
Specifications
Bendix Tu–Flo 750
Designation (Sales designation: Bendix 16.5 CFM)
Tu-Flo 750
Type
Piston Compressor
Number of cylinders
2
Cooling cylinder head
Coolant
Capacity
470 L/min (16.5 cfm)
Maximum pressure
930 kPa (135 psi)
Maximum operating speed
2400 r/min
Bore
70.6 mm (2.78 in.)
Stroke
47.5 mm (1.87 in.)
Tightening torques
Nm
ft-lb
Mounting flange bolts
85 ± 15
63 ± 10
Drive gear nut
165 ± 13.5
110 ± 10
Cylinder head bolts
53 ± 3.4
39 ± 2.5
Unloader valve cover plate bolts
23 ± 3
17 ± 2.0
Exhaust valve seat
110 ± 13
80 ± 10
Intake valve seat
110 ± 13
80 ± 10
7
Group 56
Specifications
Holset SS 296/SS 296E/QE 296
Designation (Sales designation: Cummins 13.2 CFM)
SS296 / SS296E / QE296
Type
Piston Compressor
Number of cylinders
1
Cooling cylinder head
Coolant
Capacity
375 L/min (13.2 cfm)
Maximum pressure
930 kPa (135 psi)
Maximum operating speed
2400 r/min
Bore
92.10 mm (3.625 in.)
Stroke
44.45 mm (1.750 in.)
Tightening torques
Nm
ft-lb
Mounting flange bolts
68
50
SS and E unloader housing bolts
14
10
QE unloader housing bolts
27
20
Valve plate housing bolts
28
21
Air compressor support bracket bolts
47
35
Fuel pump mounting bolts
47
35
8
Group 56
Specifications
Air Dryer
Air Dryer Wabco System Saver 1000/1200/1200E/1200P
Wabco 1000
Height
292 mm (11.5 in.)
Maximum width
241 mm (9.5 in.)
Weight
5.0 kg (11 lb)
Voltage
12 V
Maximum compressor capacity
710 L/min (25 cfm)
Heater power
100 W
Wabco 1200/1200E/1200P
Height
277 mm (10.9 in.)
Maximum width
160 mm (6.3 in.)
Weight
4.1 kg (9 lb)
Voltage
12 V
Maximum compressor capacity
850 L/min (30 cfm)
Heater power
95 W
9
Group 56
Specifications
Bendix AD-IP
Height
360 mm (14.18 in.)
Maximum width
235 mm (9.27 in.)
Weight
13 kg (28 lb)
Voltage
12 V
Maximum flow capacity
850 L/min (30 cfm)
Heater power
90 W
Midland Pure Air Plus
Height
384 mm (15.1 in.)
Maximum width
236 mm (9.31 in.)
Weight
8 kg (18 lb)
Voltage
12 V
Maximum flow capacity
710 L/min (25 cfm)
Heater power
95 W
10
Group 56
Specifications
CR Turbo 2000
Height
413 mm (16.25 in.)
Maximum width
216 mm (8.5 in.)
Weight
7.5 kg (16.5 lb)
Voltage
12 V
Maximum compressor capacity
850 L/min (30 cfm)
Heater power
75 W
11
12
Group 56
Tools
Tools
Special Tools
The following special equipment is used when checking air system pressure or
safely disconnecting air lines. Equipment is available from Kent-Moore (telephone
1–800–328–6657).
W0001874
J-44773
Airline release tool
W0001731
J-44399
Dual air pressure gauge
W0001873
J-44775
Valve assembly fixture
W0001198
J-42189
Air line disconnect tool
13
14
Group 56
Design and Function
Design and Function
Air Brake System
General System Function
The supply system for the compressed air brakes
consists of the compressor (1), governor (2), air dryer
(3) and storage tanks (4, 5 and 6). Which compressor
model is installed is dependent on engine manufacturer
specification or customer choice.
A Bendix governor is standard for all compressors. The
governor is installed away from the compressor on all
vehicles with Volvo engine and Knorr compressor. A
servo valve (23) is needed for the governor when installed
away from the compressor (see “Servo Valve” page 18
for more information). For air schematics over supply
systems on other models, refer to Group 5 air brake
system schematics.
Also found in the supply system is the Purge Tank (See
“Purge Tank” page 36).
W5000764
Compressor Relief Valve
There have been instances where problems downstream
from the compressor has produced high pressures in the
compressor resulting in damage to the head gasket. A
relief valve has been introduced on some compressors
and engine types to prevent damaging overpressure in
the compressor.
The relief valve is typically installed in the valve head or
very close to it. In the event of an overpressure, air will
be released in short bursts from the valve as it opens.
Opening pressure is set at 1.7 MPa (250 psi).
W5000934
15
Group 56
Design and Function
Compressor Air Supply
Normally Aspirated
The air supply for compressors installed on all Volvo
engines is normally aspirated. The intake piping is
connected to the engine air filter piping on the clean side
of the filter.
W5000754
Overpressurized Aspiration
Compressors on Cummins, Detroit Diesel and Caterpillar
engines have the air intake connected to the intake
manifold of the engine. The air in the manifold is
overpressurized by the turbo charger.
W5000970
16
Group 56
Design and Function
Governor
Today’s governors are set from the factory. No attempt to
adjust the cut out and cut-in pressures should be done.
Always replace if faulty. Normal cut out pressure is 900
kPa (130 psi). Cut-in pressure is always 140 kPa (20 psi)
less than the cut out pressure.
The governor, operating with the compressor unloading
mechanism, automatically controls the air pressure in
the air brake or air supply system between a maximum
(cut out) pressure and a minimum (cut-in) pressure. The
compressor runs continuously while the engine runs, but
the actual compression of air is controlled by the governor,
actuating the compressor unloading mechanism which
stops or starts the compression of the air when the
maximum or minimum reservoir pressures are reached.
W5000773
Reservoir air pressure enters the governor at one of
its reservoir ports (1) and acts on the piston (4) and
inlet/exhaust valve (5). As the air pressure builds up, the
piston and valve move together against the resistance of
the pressure setting spring.
W5000932
When reservoir air pressure reaches the cut out setting of
the governor, the inlet/exhaust valve seats on the exhaust
stem (6), closing the exhaust port (3), and then opens the
inlet valve when the piston moves up. Reservoir air flows
around the inlet valve, through the passage in the piston
and out through the unloader port (2) to the compressor
unloading mechanism.
As the system reservoir air pressure drops, the force
exerted by the air pressure on the piston will be reduced
and the governor spring will push the piston down. The
inlet valve will close, the piston will move down and open
the end of the exhaust stem. With the exhaust open, the
air in the unloader line (2) will escape back through the
piston, exhaust stem and out through the exhaust port (3).
W5000933
17
Group 56
Design and Function
Servo Valve
Volvo engines equipped with the Knorr compressor have
a governor located away from the compressor. The
governor is equipped with a servo valve for boosting the
signal to the compressor.
The servo valve is mounted together with the governor on
a panel located on the frame. Depending on the model,
the locations are as follows:
VN/VHD
Outside of left hand frame rail, behind
battery box.
Other
Inside of right hand frame rail, close to
rear cab support.
W5000765
For governors installed away from the compressor, the
servo valve boosts the cut out signal from the governor.
Normally, the servo valve is closed (A), with air pressure
from the wet tank holding the valve closed.
The governor sends the cut out signal to the servo
valve when air pressure has reached maximum system
pressure. The signal activates the piston in the servo
valve (B) which opens the valve, connecting air flow
from the wet tank to the compressor and air dryer. The
compressor will unload and the air dryer will go into its
regeneration and purge cycle.
W5000930
18
Group 56
Design and Function
Servo Valve Ventilator Cap
It is possible for the vent cap on the servo valve, P/N
8081072, (see arrow, page 19) to prevent air from
exhausting completely, trapping air in the valve. This
will cause the compressor to stay in the unloaded mode
and/or the air dryer to stay in the purge mode, thus
preventing the system pressure from properly building up.
A new vent cap design has been introduced into
production. If the above failure should occur, the new vent
cap, P/N 8061304, should be installed.
Note: This vent cap P/N 8061304 can be used for all
models.
W5001007
The servo valve is only installed on vehicles with Volvo
engines equipped with a Knorr compressor. The servo
valve/governor location is remote from the compressor.
On VN vehicles, it is located between the battery box and
the frame or, on later models, just in front of the battery
box. VN/VHD location is on the outside of the frame rail,
close to the cab support.
19
Group 56
Design and Function
Compressor
Knorr 2COMP850
Design
The 2COMP850 is a twin cylinder compressor that
is standard equipment on Volvo engines since 1997.
The compressor has a built in unloading system, ESS,
which stands for Energy Saving System. The system
reduces the power requirements for the compressor by
approximately 80% when running unloaded and at the
same time, oil consumption is reduced.
The Knorr compressor is driven directly from the engine
timing gears with a gear wheel attached to the tapered
end of the crankshaft with a keyless fit. The crankcase
and cylinder block are cast as one unit and are air cooled.
The cylinder head is cooled by the engine cooling system.
The compressor is lubricated by the engine pressure
lubrication system and the oil drains through the timing
gear cover and back to the engine oil sump.
W5000732
W5000733
The two inlet valves, which are also used for the ESS
function, are mounted with pivot arms on guide pins which
run in grooves in the cylinder block. The pivot arms are
connected to the ESS system plungers via pins which are
attached to the plungers and protrude above the block
face through grooves in the block. When unloading, the
plungers are pressed in with the help of compressed air
from the governor and servo valve. The plungers work
on the pins and pivot arms, pushing on the intake valves
which are moved over to the unloading position.
W5000969
20
Group 56
Design and Function
Function
Charging
When the compressor piston travels downward, the check
valve (1) and inlet valve (2) are opened by the vacuum
created in the cylinder. The inlet ducts are exposed and
air flows into the cylinder.
When the piston moves upward, the inlet valve (2) is
closed by the pressure in the cylinder. The air passes out
through a hole (3) in the inlet valve and past the outlet
check valve (4) into the compressed air system.
W5000734
W5000735
Unloading
When the pressure in the system has reached the
required level, the governor and servo valve send air to
the unloading plunger (5). The plunger is pressed in and
moves the inlet valve so that a connection is opened to
a chamber (6) in the compressor cylinder head. At the
same time, the passage (3) to the outlet valve is closed,
which means that the air cannot pass out into the system.
When the piston travels upward, the air in the cylinder is
compressed and enters the chamber (6) in the cylinder
head. The compressed air will provide a driving force for
the piston in its downward movement. With the exception
for losses in the form of heat, which is formed during the
compression phase, the energy used to compress the air
will be re-used as the driving force when the piston travels
downward. This results in a compressor with ESS using
very little power in the unloading position.
W5000736
W5000737
21
Group 56
Design and Function
Knorr 2COMP850
W5000727
22
Group 56
Design and Function
Bendix 550/750
Design
The Tu-Flo air compressor is a two cylinder, single
stage, reciprocating compressor. The Tu-Flo 550/750
compressor consists of two major subassemblies, the
cylinder head and the crankcase. The cylinder head is an
iron casting which houses the inlet, outlet, and unloader
valves. The cylinder head also contains the air inlet port
and is designed with both top and side air outlet ports.
The head is mounted on the crankcase and is secured
by six screws.
W5000729
The crankcase houses the cylinder bores, pistons,
crankshaft and main bearings, and provides the flange
mounting surface.
The compressor is driven by the engine timing gears and
is operating continuously while the engine is running.
Actual compression of air is controlled by the compressor
unloading mechanism and the governor. The governor
is generally mounted on the compressor or close by
and maintains the brake system air pressure to a preset
maximum and minimum pressure level.
W5000730
The unloader valves are accessible from the top of the
cylinder head. After removing the cover plate, the valves
are easily serviced.
W5000774
23
Group 56
Design and Function
Function
Charging
During the down stroke of the piston, a slight vacuum is
created between the top of the piston and the cylinder
head, causing the inlet valve to move off its seat and
open. Air, atmospheric or pressurized, flows through the
air inlet port and the open inlet valve into the cylinder.
As the piston begins its upward stroke, the air that was
drawn into the cylinder on the down stroke is being
compressed. Air pressure on the inlet valve plus the
force of the inlet spring, returns the inlet valve to its seat
so it closes. As the piston continues the upward stroke,
compressed air pushes the outlet valve off of its seat and
air flows by the open outlet valve into the discharge pipe
and out to the reservoirs.
W5000925
As the piston reaches the top of its stroke and starts down,
the outlet valve spring and air pressure in the discharge
pipe returns the outlet valve to its seat. This prevents the
compressed air in the discharged pipe from returning to
the cylinder bore as the intake and compression cycle
is repeated.
W5000926
24
Group 56
Design and Function
Unloading
When the compressed air in the reservoir reaches the cut
out pressure, the governor sends air from the reservoir
to the cavity above the unloader pistons. The unloader
pistons move down, holding the inlet valves off of their
seats.
With the inlet valves held off of their seats by the unloader
pistons, air is pumped back and forth between the two
cylinders, and the outlet valves remain closed. When air
pressure from the reservoir drops to the cut-in setting of
the governor, the governor closes and exhausts the air
from above the unloader pistons. The unloader springs
force the pistons upward and the inlet valves return to
their seats. Compression is then resumed.
W5000731
25
Group 56
Design and Function
Bendix 550/770
W5000849
26
Group 56
Design and Function
Holset
Design
The Holset compressor is a single piston, single stage,
reciprocating compressor which supplies compressed air
to operate the air brakes and other air driven devices.
The compressor runs continually, but has “loaded” and
“unloaded” operating modes. The operating mode is
controlled by the governor and the compressor unloading
assembly.
W5000776
The compressor is flange mounted to the timing gear
cover and driven by the timing gears. A sleeve connects
the gear with the compressor input shaft.
The compressor is lubricated with pressurized engine oil.
The oil provides both lubrication and cooling for bearings,
piston rings and cylinder walls. The cylinder head is
connected to the engine coolant system.
W5000738
All Holset compressors in Volvo vehicles from 1994 model
year have only the QE type off-loading valve. This makes
the compressor compatible with all air dryers except the
Midland Pure Air Plus.
W5000931
27
Group 56
Design and Function
Function
Charging
During the down stroke of the piston, air enters the
cylinder through the unloader body and intake valve.
When the piston starts the up stroke, the intake valve
closes.
W5000927
The piston compresses air during the up stroke. The
outlet valve opens to let air out to the discharge pipe.
W5000928
Unloading
When the governor opens at the set cut out pressure,
air flows to the unloader valve. The unloader piston
will be pushed out to cover the air inlet opening of the
compressor. The compressor piston will move up and
down with the air compressing and uncompressing
without any air being delivered.
W5000929
28
Group 56
Design and Function
Holset QE296
W5000851
29
Group 56
Design and Function
Air Dryer
Wabco System Saver 1000/1200 Series
The dryer incorporates valves for both types of
compressors used. Desiccant is contained in a disposable
cartridge that is screwed onto the valve housing.
Note: The Air Dryer Wabco System Saver 1200 Series
P does not have a Regeneration Valve to cool air intake.
The System Saver relies on the Purge Tank to perform
this function.
WARNING
Do not disassemble the cartridge. No replacement
parts are available and the cartridge contains a spring
under pressure which can not be mechanically caged.
The sudden release of the spring could cause it to be
ejected violently, causing serious personal injury.
Charge Cycle
During system pressure build-up, compressed air passes
into the air dryer where the coalescent filter removes
contaminants and the air is further cooled at the outer
walls of the cartridge. Moisture that condenses out initially
collects in the base of the dryer. The moisture laden
air then flows through the desiccant from the top to the
bottom and becomes progressively drier as water vapor
is adsorbed.
Dry air exits at the bottom of the cartridge and flows
through the check valve and then exits out to the wet tank.
Purge Cycle
When the compressor unloads, the purge valve opens
allowing the initial decompression of the dryer (purge) and
expels the water collected in the base of the dryer. The
volume of air held in the purge tank back flows through
the dessicant. This flow cleans and dries the dessicant
preparing it for the next cycle. The air held in the purge
tank. is the cleanest air from the completed pumping
cycle. This provides a more efficient regeneration (purge)
cycle.
30
W5001194
Group 56
Design and Function
Air Dryer Wabco System Saver 1000/1200 Series
W5001211
1 Regeneration Valve for the Wabco Air Dryer 1000, 1200, 1200E Series
Note: The Wabco Air Dryer 1200P Series does not use the Regeneration Valve
31
Group 56
Design and Function
Bendix AD-IP
This dryer is used in two configurations where one is
used exclusively for the Holset compressor. Because of
the need for the Holset to have the discharge line fully
pressurized also during the unloaded mode, the dryer for
the Holset compressor has a check valve arrangement
that ties the wet tank pressure into the discharge line
during the air dryer purge cycle.
WARNING
Do not disassemble cartridge. No replacement parts
are available and the cartridge contains a spring under
pressure which can not be mechanically caged. The
sudden release of the spring could cause it to be
ejected violently, causing serious personal injury.
W5000751
Charge Cycle
During compressor loading, air flows into the supply
connection of the housing changing direction several
times, thereby reducing the temperature, causing
contaminants to condense and drop to the bottom toward
the purge valve.
After exiting the housing, air flows into the cartridge. A
coalescent filter, located between the outer and inner
shells, separates heavier contaminants. Air, along with
remaining water vapor, is further cooled as it continues to
flow through the desiccant from the top to the bottom and
becomes progressively drier as water vapor is adsorbed.
Dry air exits at the bottom of the cartridge and flows
through the check valve and then exits the discharge
connection for the wet tank. Dry air also flows through the
purge orifice to fill up the purge volume storage.
W5000741
Purge Cycle
Regeneration of the desiccant takes place during the time
it takes for the purge volume to slowly flow back through
the purge orifice and into the desiccant bed. There it
removes water vapor collected by the desiccant. The
regeneration takes approximately 30 seconds.
W5000742
32
Group 56
Design and Function
Bendix AD–IP
W5000778
33
Group 56
Design and Function
CR Turbo–2000
The dryer incorporates valves for both types of
compressors used. A separate purge tank is used as
there is no internal purge air storage. Desiccant is
contained in a disposable cartridge that is screwed onto
the valve housing.
WARNING
Do not disassemble cartridge. No replacement parts
are available and the cartridge contains a spring under
pressure which can not be mechanically caged. The
sudden release of the spring could cause it to be
ejected violently, causing serious personal injury.
W5000740
Charge Cycle
During compressor loading, air flows into the supply
connection of the valve housing where it expands and
is cooled. This causes oil and water vapor to condense
and fall to the bottom.
After exiting the valve housing, air flows into the cartridge.
A coalescent filter, located between the outer and the
inner shells, separates heavier contaminants. Air,
along with remaining water vapor, is further cooled as it
continues to flow upward between the outer and inner
shells. It then flows through the desiccant from the top
to the bottom and becomes progressively drier as water
vapor is adsorbed.
Dry air exits the bottom of the cartridge, flows through the
check valve and then exits the discharge connection onto
the wet tank. Dry air also flows through the purge valve or
orifice to fill the purge tank.
W5000745
Purge Cycle
As air pressure reaches the cut out setting of the
governor, the compressor unloads and the purge cycle of
the dryer begins: The governor sends air to the control
connection, thereby closing the turbo valve which closes
off the air supply from the compressor. At the same
time, the purge valve opens to atmosphere and expels
separated contaminants in the initial air pressure release.
Air is also flowing from the wet tank back to pressurize the
supply line via a check valve.
Regeneration of the desiccant takes place during the time
it takes for the purge volume to slowly flow back through
the purge orifice and into the desiccant bed. There it
removes the water vapor collected in the desiccant. The
regeneration takes less than a minute.
W5000746
34
Group 56
Design and Function
Midland Pure Air Plus
A separate, replaceable coalescent filter is used for
separating out large particles. This should be changed
every 12 months regardless of desiccant cartridge
exchange. Desiccant is contained in a disposable
cartridge that is screwed on to the valve housing.
Note: Midland Pure Air Plus air dryers are not available
with Holset compressors.
WARNING
Do not disassemble the cartridge. No replacement
parts are available and the cartridge contains a spring
under pressure which can not be mechanically caged.
The sudden release of the spring could cause it to be
ejected violently, causing serious personal injury.
W5000747
Charge Cycle
During compressor loading, air flows into the supply
connection of the valve housing where it expands and
is cooled. This causes oil and water vapor to condense
and fall to the bottom.
After exiting the valve housing, air flows through the
coalescent filter where heavier contaminants are
separated. Air, along with remaining water vapor, is
further cooled as it moves up into the cartridge. It then
flows through the desiccant from the top to the bottom and
becomes progressively drier as water vapor is adsorbed.
Dry air exits the bottom of the cartridge and flows through
the check valve and then exits the delivery connection on
the wet tank. Dry air also flows through the purge valve or
orifice to fill up the purge tank.
W5000749
Purge Cycle
As air pressure reaches the cut out setting of the
governor, the compressor unloads and the purge cycle of
the air dryer begins: The governor sends air to the control
connection, thereby closing the turbo valve which closes
off the air supply from the compressor. At the same time,
the purge valve opens to the atmosphere.
W5000750
35
Group 56
Design and Function
Purge Tank
The new purge tank provides the air volume used to clean
or regenerate the Dryer at the end of each compressor
pumping cycle. It is used with the Wabco 1200P and the
CR Turbo 2000 Dryers. For replacement information see,
“Purge Tank, Replacement” page 79. More information is
pending.
W5001192
W5001193
36
Group 56
Design and Function
Air Tubing and Fittings
The foldouts represent the brake system as a schematic
layout or show actual routing in the vehicle. Foldouts A
and B are schematics of the entire brake system on a
4x2 and a 6x4 vehicle. All other foldouts show the brake
system valves and tubing in separate circuits. All color
on tubing and in the schematic layouts conform to the
standardized color scheme listed to the right.
The tubing in the foldouts are colored the same as the
actual tubing in the vehicle. This helps the identification
and troubleshooting process with less possibility for
mistakes.
TUBING COLOR, SECONDARY
BLUE (1/4 in.)
GREY (1/4 in.)
GREY (3/8 in.)
BROWN (1/4 in.)
YELLOW (1/4 in.)
YELLOW (3/8 in.)
ORANGE (1/4 in.)
BLACK (1/4 in.)
PURPLE (1/4 in.)
Air Suspension Exhaust
Diff. Lock, Interaxle
Trailer Hand Control
Diff. Lock, Interwheel
Fifth Wheel Air Cylinder
Compressor Supply; Exhaust
Bobtail Balance Control
Air Seat; Options Supply
Air Suspension - Air Pressure
Gauge
TUBING COLOR, PRIMARY
BLUE
RED
GREEN
ORANGE
Supply System Circuit
Front Service Brake Circuit
Rear Service Brake Circuit
Parking Brake Circuit
All tubing is made of nylon and sizes are always measured
as an outer diameter (OD). The 1/4 in. tubing is a solid
core, single ply extrusion. All other sizes are made of a
solid core, covered with a protective, colored layer with
fiber reinforcement between the layers. The cover is
treated for heat and sunlight resistance.
In areas where great flexibility is needed, air is routed
in rubber hoses, for example, between frame and the
axles. A hose is built up of three layers of rubber and
reinforcement. Hoses are specifically made for each
installation to the correct length with crimped on fittings
on either end.
Fittings are typically of the push-connect type. To connect
or disconnect tubing is very easy, which simplifies
troubleshooting in the air system. New, simple test gauges
have been introduced for testing the valves and pressures
(See Service Manual: Air Valves and Components).
W5000379
W5000384
W5000377
The fitting body is made of brass. An internal O-ring seals
on the outside diameter of the tubing and the retaining
collar holds the tubing firmly in place. Straight fittings
have an internal hex grip, most others have external
hex grip. A number of valves also come with push-type
connectors already installed in the valve body.
The fitting is designed for letting the tubing rotate to
eliminate kinks. The fitting IS NOT designed for locations
with continuous movement, such as, between frame and
axle. Threads are pre-applied with sealant. A fitting can
be reused in the same port up to five times before new
sealant needs to be applied.
W5000378
37
Group 56
Design and Function
Air Tubing Installation
To ensure a tight seal between tubing and fitting, the
tubing end needs to be cut straight. Also, inspect tubing
that has been removed for “teethmarks” around the
perimeter where the retaining collar holds the tubing in
place. If the marks are too deep, that is, can be easily
seen or a depression can be felt by running a fingernail
across mark, recut the tubing before reinstalling.
W5000380
Installing is done by aligning tubing in a straight line with
the fitting opening. Push until the tubing stops against the
bottom of the fitting.
W5000381
When the tubing has bottomed in the fitting, pull back to
make the collar retaining teeth engage the tubing. Do
not pull too hard, only enough to ensure that the collar
has gripped the tubing.
W5000382
Air Tubing Removal
To make removal easier, remove tubing when valve or
component is still in place.
To disconnect, push the tubing into the fitting until it
bottoms. Use release tool J–42189 to push in the collar
and then pull out tubing while holding the collar in.
W5000580
38
Group 56
Design and Function
Air Tubing Repair
In the event that tubing has been severed as the result
of an accident or if tubing needs to be lengthened for
rerouting, there are certain procedures that must be
followed.
In general, there are no restrictions against repairing
tubing versus replacing it. A repaired tubing has the same
integrity as the rest of the system if the repairs are done
properly. Tube to tube fittings are available for 1/4, 3/8
and 1/2 in. tubing.
Damage to one tube is repaired so that the repair fitting
is close to a bracket for support. Prepare the tubing as
outlined on the previous page. Push the tubing ends into
the fitting. Leak test fitting at full pressure after system
pressure has been established again.
W5000582
If a whole bundle of tubing needs to be repaired or
lengthened, make sure the fittings are staggered instead
of installed at the same length. Put the larger fittings close
to a bracket for support and the smaller fittings further
away.
W5000583
W5000584
39
Group 56
Design and Function
Air Tank Mounting
Air Tanks are found in several locations on the VN
and VHD vehicles. The illustration shows the standard
mounting for the various air tanks. For Air Tank
replacement instructions see, “Air Tank, Replacement”
page 81.
W5001147
1 VHD – Right Side frame rail Option
4 Air Dryer VN/VHD
2 VN/VHD – Left Side frame rail
5 Crossmember Mounted VHD
3 Purge Tank
6 Dual Compartment Wet Tank and Rear Brake Tank
40
Group 56
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
Compressor Troubleshooting
Symptom
Long charging time or will not build air
pressure (does not stop pumping).
Compressor builds too much or not
enough air pressure.
Compressor constantly cycles.
Compressor noisy.
External oil or coolant leaks.
Remedy
Cause
•
•
•
•
•
•
Intake pipe is blocked.
•
•
Check pipe.
Replace compressor.
Air dryer purge valve leaking or
frozen. Blocked dryer cartridge.
•
•
•
•
•
Automatic drain valve on reservoir
leaking or frozen.
•
•
Governor faulty.
Clean or thaw out the valve.
Replace if necessary.
•
Replace governor (make sure the
control tubing is OK).
•
•
Governor faulty.
•
•
Replace governor.
•
•
•
Excessive fluid in reservoirs.
•
•
•
Drain reservoirs.
•
Loose drive gear or drive
components.
•
Inspect compressor drive for loose
components.
•
Worn compressor.
•
If low running time, check for proper
oil pressure, coolant flow and duty
cycle. Replace compressor.
•
•
•
•
Porous casting.
•
•
•
•
Replace compressor.
Discharge pipe leaking or blocked.
Inlet or outlet valves faulty.
Unloader valves sticking.
Slipping drive components.
Compressor fails to unload.
Governor faulty.
Compressed air system leaks.
Leaking supply lines or fittings.
Cracked crankcase or head.
Damaged mounting gasket
between compressor and timing
gear housing.
Check pipe and fittings for
leaks/blockage.
Replace unloader valves.
Inspect drive components.
Clean or thaw out the valve.
Replace valve if necessary.
Check for sticking unloader valves.
Test governor and inspect tubing.
Replace governor.
Checks for leaks in unloader valves,
reservoirs, tubing, fittings, air dryer
and drain valve.
Check fasteners and seals.
Replace compressor.
Check fastener torque, replace
gasket if necessary.
41
Group 56
Troubleshooting
Symptom
Compressor head gasket failure.
Compressor passes excessive
amounts of oil into the air system.
42
Remedy
Cause
•
Restricted discharge line or dryer
cartridge, loose head bolts or faulty
gasket.
•
Check for restrictions, bolt torque,
change gasket (consider installing
relief valve).
•
Wintertime freeze-up in discharge
line.
•
Check for low spots in the slope of
the discharge line where water can
collect.
•
•
•
Restricted air inlet.
•
•
•
Check pipe.
•
Excessive engine crankcase
pressure.
•
Test engine crankcase pressure
and check crankcase ventilation.
•
Runs loaded for excessive time.
•
Drain reservoirs. Check for leaks in
supply and accessory systems.
Restricted oil return to engine.
Worn piston rings due to dirt in air
supply, high operating temperature
due to exterior dirt accumulation or
low coolant flow.
Check oil return for problems.
Check supply piping for leaks.
Clean compressor. Check
operating temperature of
compressor. Replace compressor.
Group 56
Troubleshooting
Air Dryer Troubleshooting
Symptom
Dryer is constantly cycling or purging.
Air leaks from exhaust port during
pressure build-up.
Air dryer does not unload when the
compressor unloads.
Purge cycle is too long (more than 30
to 40 seconds).
Excessive amounts of water in air
reservoirs.
Remedy
Cause
•
•
•
Excessive fluid in reservoirs.
•
•
•
Drain reservoirs.
•
•
•
•
•
Purge valve worn.
•
•
•
•
•
Clean or replace valve.
•
Purge valve is worn, stuck closed
or is frozen shut.
•
Clean or replace purge valve.
Check heater.
•
Tubing between governor and air
dryer leaking, damaged or kinked.
•
Repair or replace the air tubing.
•
•
•
Purge valve stuck open.
•
•
•
Replace valve.
•
•
Desiccant saturated.
•
•
Replace desiccant cartridge.
•
Excessive temperature of air going
into air dryer.
•
Compressor runs hot (inlet air to
dryer maximum 65 C [150 F]).
•
Air dryer not purging.
•
Check purge valve. Check tubing
from air dryer to the governor;
WABCO: Tubing between wet tank
and air dryer kinked or blocked.
Governor faulty.
Excessive system leakage.
Dirt stuck in purge valve.
Frozen purge valve.
Governor faulty.
Control air lines connected to the
wrong port.
Turbo valve is leaking.
Outlet valve stuck open.
Insufficient purge time due to leaks
in the air system.
Replace governor.
Check for leaks in unloader valves,
reservoirs, tubing, fittings, air dryer
and drain valve.
Clean or replace valve.
Check heater.
Replace governor.
Check connections against air line
schematic.
Replace valve.
Replace valve.
Check for leaks in supply system
or in accessories.
43
Group 56
Troubleshooting
Symptom
Safety valve opens (if equipped).
Air dryer valves freeze up.
44
Remedy
Cause
•
•
Output valve blocked.
•
•
•
Safety valve faulty.
•
Heater or thermostat inoperative.
Tubing blocked downstream from
air dryer.
Desiccant cartridge plugged.
Governor faulty so compressor
overcharges.
•
•
Clean or replace valve.
•
•
•
Replace valve.
•
Check fuse. Check for defective
wiring, heater element or
thermostat.
Check for blockage, kinks or faulty
components.
Replace desiccant cartridge.
Replace governor.
Group 56
Service Procedures
Service Procedures
General Work Practices
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral and chock the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death.
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part or the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause components
to violently separate causing serious eye and or
personal injury.
WARNING
Always wear appropriate eye protection to prevent
the risk of eye injury due to contact with engine
debris or fluids.
WARNING
HOT ENGINE! Keep yourself and your test equipment
clear of all moving parts or hot engine parts and/or
fluids. A hot engine and/or fluids can cause burns or
can permanently damage test equipment.
WARNING
Do not work near the fan with the engine running.
The engine fan can engage at any time without
warning. Anyone near the fan when it turns on could
be seriously injured. Before turning on the ignition, be
sure that no one is near the fan.
45
Group 56
Service Procedures
Inspection
It is of the utmost importance that the compressor
receives a clean supply of air. The air strainer must be
properly installed and kept clean. If the compressor
intake is connected to the engine air cleaner, this
connection must be properly installed and maintained.
Check the drive for proper alignment belt tension, etc.
Inspect the oil supply and return lines. Be sure these
lines are properly installed and that the compressor is
getting the proper supply of oil, and just as important
that the oil is returning to the engine. Check the coolant
lines to and from the compressor. Check the unloader
mechanism for proper operation.
Operation Test
Vehicles manufactured after the effective dates of FMVSS
121, with the minimum required reservoir volume, must
have a compressor capable of raising the air system
pressure from 585 – 690 kPa (85 –7 100 psi) in 25
seconds or less. This test is performed with the engine
operating at maximum recommended governed speed.
Air Leak Test
Air leaks past the discharge valve can be detected as
follows: Remove the discharge line and cylinder head
from the compressor and apply shop air back through
the discharge port. Coat the discharge valve seats with
soapy water. Air leaks should not exceed a one inch
diameter soap bubble in 3 seconds.
The unloader pistons can be checked for air leaks as
follows: Build up the air system to governor cut out
and shut the engine off. Listen for escaping air at the
compressor intake. To pinpoint air leaks, apply a small
amount of oil around the unloader pistons. No leaks
are permitted. If the compressor does not function as
described above, or leakage is excessive, replacement is
recommended.
46
Group 56
Service Procedures
5611-03-02-02
Compressor, Replacement
(Knorr)
Before beginning this procedure read the General Work
Practices section ( “General Work Practices” page 45)
for further information.
See “Knorr 2COMP850” page 20 for important service
information before beginning this procedure.
See “Knorr 2COMP850” page 22 for an exploded view of
the Knorr compressor.
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral, and block the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death.
WARNING
Do not work near the fan with the engine running.
The engine fan can engage at any time without
warning. Anyone near the fan when it turns on could
be seriously injured. Before turning on the ignition, be
sure that no one is near the fan.
WARNING
HOT ENGINE! Keep yourself and your test equipment
clear of all moving parts or hot engine parts and/or
fluids. A hot engine and/or fluids can cause burns or
can permanently damage test equipment.
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component to
violently separate causing serious personal injury.
Removal
1
Chock wheels. Empty the compressed air system of all
air. Drain the coolant into an appropriate container.
47
Group 56
Service Procedures
2
Turn the ignition switch OFF and disconnect the battery.
CAUTION
If there are other ground cables connected to the
battery (such as engine ECU, satellite system, etc.),
disconnect those grounds first, then remove the battery
ground cable. Electronic modules may be damaged
when additional grounds are connected/disconnected
without the main battery ground connected. Always
disconnect the main battery ground last.
3
Remove the air compressor supply line from the air filter
piping to the turbo. Then remove the air filter piping to
the turbo.
4
Remove all hoses and lines that are connected to the
air compressor.
•
•
•
•
•
Air discharge line.
Water line (Supply) to the compressor.
Water line (Return) from the compressor.
2 air lines to the air governor.
Oil supply line.
5
Note the position of the fittings and remove them.
Note: VE D12: Unplug the sensor in the water outlet
pipe on the water pump.
W5000775
6
Remove the 4 compressor mounting bolts. Lift
compressor out.
Installation
7
Position the air compressor into place.
48
Group 56
Service Procedures
8
Install and torque the 4 mounting bolts to 85 ± 15 Nm (63
± 10 ft-lb).
85 ± 15 Nm
(63 ± 10 ft-lb)
9
Install all fittings and reconnect all hoses and lines to
the air compressor. Install coolant lines, discharge
line and governor tubing.
Note: Torque for water line hose clamps is 3 ± 0.5
Nm (25 ± 4 in-lb).
3 ± 0.5 Nm
(25 ± 4 in-lb)
10
Reconnect the air filter pipes from the air filter to the turbo
and the air supply line to the air compressor.
Note: Torque for bolt and clamp assembly on the
compressor air supply line is 24 ± 4 Nm (18 ± 3 ft-lb).
24 ± 4 Nm
(18 ± 3 ft-lb)
11
CAUTION
Connect the main battery ground cable first. If there
are other ground cables connected to the battery (such
as engine ECU, satellite system, etc.), connect those
grounds last. Electronic modules may be damaged
when additional grounds are connected/ disconnected
without the main battery ground connected. Always
connect the main battery ground first.
Connect the battery cable.
12
Fill coolant and then start engine. Run the engine to
check for air or liquid leaks and air compressor operation.
Note: Maximum coolant fill rate is 21/2 gallons per minute
(10 liters per minute).
49
Group 56
Service Procedures
5612-03-02-05
Compressor Unloader Valve, Replacement
(Knorr)
Before beginning this procedure read the General Work
Practices section ( “General Work Practices” page 45)
for further information.
See “Knorr 2COMP850” page 20 for important service
information before beginning this procedure.
See “Knorr 2COMP850” page 22 for an exploded view of
the Knorr compressor.
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral, and block the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death.
WARNING
Do not work near the fan with the engine running.
The engine fan can engage at any time without
warning. Anyone near the fan when it turns on could
be seriously injured. Before turning on the ignition, be
sure that no one is near the fan.
WARNING
HOT ENGINE! Keep yourself and your test equipment
clear of all moving parts or hot engine parts and/or
fluids. A hot engine and/or fluids can cause burns or
can permanently damage test equipment.
50
Group 56
Service Procedures
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component to
violently separate causing serious personal injury.
Removal
1
Drain all coolant from system into drain pan. Chock the
wheels and release all air from compressed air system
into an appropriate container.
2
Disconnect the governor unloader line and remove fitting
from unloader port. Visually check unloader port for trash
or corrosion. Remove plug from opposite side.
3
Disconnect air supply line, discharge line, and coolant
lines from compressor head.
4
Remove the eight head bolts and lift off cylinder head.
Remove cylinder head gasket.
T5007311
5
Remove the valve body and gasket.
51
Group 56
Service Procedures
6
Remove the pivot arms and intake valve plates. Push in
on ESS piston and remove guide pin. Repeat for opposite
side. Remove ESS pistons from the bore.
W5000969
Installation
7
Clean ESS pistons, install new O-rings (open O-ring
should be closest to the spring) and apply a small
amount of silicone grease to prevent sticking. Replace
valves if necessary.
8
Install pistons into the bore. Adjust the piston position
for installing the guide pins. Press new guide pins
into the pistons.
9
Install new guide pins into the block. Install the studs,
pivot arms and intake valves on the block face.
T5007340
10
Install the metal gasket with the red side facing
downward, carefully placing it into position. Make sure
that the intake valves are not trapped between the metal
gasket and block face.
52
Group 56
Service Procedures
11
Press in the ESS pistons so that the intake valves
move to the unloading position and are not trapped by
the metal gasket. This can be done by placing a small
nut behind the plug and tightening it down until the
valve has moved over.
T5007321
12
Install the valve body on the block. Make sure it is
correctly positioned on the guide pins. Install head gasket
and head. Oil the head bolt threads and install them.
13
Tighten the head bolts in two steps. First to a torque
of 15 Nm (11 ft-lb) and then to the final torque of 30 –
33 Nm (22 – 24 ft-lb).
15 Nm
(11 ft-lb)
, 30 – 33 Nm
(22 – 24 ft-lb)
T5007323
14
Remove the plugs and nuts from the ESS pistons. Use a
drift to press pistons in to check for proper operation,
indicating that the intake valves are not trapped by
the metal gasket.
15
Install air supply line, discharge line, and coolant lines
to compressor head. Install plug and fittings and
unloader line.
W5000850
53
Group 56
Service Procedures
5611-03-02-04
Compressor Cylinder Head Gasket, Replacement
Knorr
Before beginning this procedure read the General Work
Practices section ( “General Work Practices” page 45)
for further information.
1
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral, and block the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death.
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component
to violently separate causing serious eye and or
personal injury.
WARNING
Hot Engine! Keep yourself clear of all moving or hot
engine parts. A hot engine can cause serious burns.
CAUTION
Before installing the replacement gaskets make sure
all surfaces on the Knorr Compressor and head are
clean and free of debris.
Chock the front wheels and release all air from the
compressed air system.
Removal
2
Drain all coolant from the coolant system into a drain pan.
3
Disconnect the governor unloader line, air supply line,
discharge line and coolant line from the compressor head.
54
Group 56
Service Procedures
4
Remove the eight head bolts and lift off the cylinder
head and gasket.
T5007311
5
Remove the valve body and the head gasket.
W5001052
55
Group 56
Service Procedures
Installation
6
Install the head gasket between the valve body and
compressor housings carefully placing it into position.
Note: Make sure that the intake valves are not trapped
between the head gasket and the compressor housing
surface.
7
Install the valve body on the compressor housing making
sure it is correctly positioned on the guide pins. Install
the gasket and compressor head. Oil the head bolt
threads and install them.
8
Torque the head bolts to 15 Nm (11 ft-lb) and then to a
final torque of 30 – 33 Nm (22 – 24 ft-lb).
Note: To prevent warping or cracking, the use of a
cross method is recommended when torquing the air
compressor head bolts.
15 Nm
(11 ft-lb)
, 30 – 33 Nm
(22 – 24 ft-lb)
T5007323
9
Remove the plug and fitting for the air governor line
from the ESS (Energy Saver System) valve locations.
Using a drift, press the ESS valves inward to check for
proper operation.
Note: If the ESS valves go in with ease this indicates that
the intake valves are not trapped by the head gasket.
10
Install the air supply line, discharge line, and coolant
line to the compressor head. Install the plug, fittings
and unloader line.
11
Fill coolant system with coolant and start the engine.
Note: Maximum coolant fill rate is 2 1/2 gallons per minute
or 10 liters per minute
12
Run the engine to check for air compressor operation,
as well as any air or coolant leaks.
Note: The compressor must be capable of raising the
air system pressure from 585 – 690 kPa (85 –100 psi)
in 25 seconds or less.
585 – 690 kPa
(85 –100 psi)
56
Group 56
Service Procedures
5611-03-02-02
Compressor, Replacement
(Bendix 550/750)
Before beginning this procedure read the General Work
Practices section ( “General Work Practices” page 45)
for further information.
See “Bendix 550/750” page 23 for important service
information before beginning this procedure.
See “Bendix 550/770” page 26 for an exploded view of
the Bendix compressor.
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral, and block the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death.
W5000754
57
Group 56
Service Procedures
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component to
violently separate causing serious personal injury.
Removal
1
Chock wheels. Empty compressed air system from all
air. Drain the coolant.
2
Turn the ignition switch OFF and disconnect the battery.
CAUTION
If there are other ground cables connected to the
battery (such as engine ECU, satellite system, etc.),
disconnect those grounds first, then remove the battery
ground cable. Electronic modules may be damaged
when additional grounds are connected/disconnected
without the main battery ground connected. Always
disconnect the main battery ground last.
3
Remove the compressor air supply piping. If necessary,
remove any other components that are in the way.
4
Note: (For Volvo VE D12 engine): Disconnect the sensor
in the water outlet pipe on the water pump.
5
Remove all hoses and lines that are connected to the
air compressor.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Air discharge line.
Water line (Supply) to the compressor.
Water line (Return) from the compressor.
2 air lines to the air governor.
Oil supply line (If equipped).
Oil return line (If equipped).
6
Note the position of all fittings and remove them.
58
Group 56
Service Procedures
7
Remove the 4 compressor mounting bolts.
W5000755
8
Lift and remove the air compressor.
Installation
9
Position the air compressor into place.
W5000755
10
Install and torque the 4 mounting bolts to 85 ± 15 Nm (63
± 10 ft-lb).
85 ± 15 Nm
(63 ± 10 ft-lb)
59
Group 56
Service Procedures
11
Install all fittings and reconnect all hoses and lines
to the air compressor.
Note: Torque for water line hose clamps is 3 ± 0.5
Nm (25 ± 4 in-lb).
3 ± 0.5 Nm
(25 ± 4 in-lb)
W5000754
12
Reconnect the air filter pipe to the turbo and the air
supply line to the air compressor. Tighten bolt and
clamp assembly on the compressor air supply line to
a torque of 24 ± 4 Nm (18 ± 3 ft-lb). Then hook up
the air governor tubing.
24 ± 4 Nm
(18 ± 3 ft-lb)
13
CAUTION
Connect the main battery ground cable first. If there
are other ground cables connected to the battery (such
as engine ECU, satellite system, etc.), connect those
grounds last. Electronic modules may be damaged
when additional grounds are connected/ disconnected
without the main battery ground connected. Always
connect the main battery ground first.
Connect the battery cable.
14
Fill coolant and then start engine. Look over compressor
connections for possible leaks.
Note: Maximum coolant fill rate is
21/2 gallons per minute 10 liters per minute).
60
Group 56
Service Procedures
5612-03-02-05
Compressor Unloader Valve, Replacement
(Bendix 550/750)
Before beginning this procedure read the General Work
Practices section ( “General Work Practices” page 45)
for further information.
See “Bendix 550/750” page 23 for important service
information before beginning this procedure.
See “Bendix 550/770” page 26 for an exploded view of
the Bendix compressor.
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral, and block the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death.
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component to
violently separate causing serious personal injury.
Removal
1
Chock wheels. Empty compressed air system of all air.
2
Remove the cover capscrews and remove the unloader
cover.
Note: A new unloader kit should be used when rebuilding.
W5000774
3
Remove the unloader cover gasket. Remove unloader
pistons from compressor.
61
Group 56
Service Procedures
Installation
4
Install the new springs and unloader pistons in their
bores, being careful not to cut the O-rings.
Note: The unloader pistons in the kit are pre-lubricated
with a special lubricant and do not require additional
lubricant.
5
Install the unloader cover gasket. Install the unloader
cover and hand tighten the capscrews.
6
Tighten the cover capscrews to a torque of 23 ± 3 Nm (17
± 2 ft-lb) in a crossing pattern, after first snugging all
screws by hand.
23 ± 3 Nm
(17 ± 2 ft-lb)
62
Group 56
Service Procedures
5611-03-02-02
Compressor, Replacement
(Holset)
Before beginning this procedure read the General Work
Practices section ( “General Work Practices” page 45)
for further information.
See “Holset” page 27 for important service information
before beginning this procedure.
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral, and block the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death.
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component to
violently separate causing serious personal injury.
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component to
violently separate causing serious personal injury.
Removal
1
Chock wheels. Empty compressed air system of all
air. Drain the coolant.
2
Turn the ignition switch OFF and disconnect the battery.
CAUTION
If there are other ground cables connected to the
battery (such as engine ECU, satellite system, etc.),
disconnect those grounds first, then remove the battery
ground cable. Electronic modules may be damaged
when additional grounds are connected/disconnected
without the main battery ground connected. Always
disconnect the main battery ground last.
63
Group 56
Service Procedures
3
Remove the fuel filter and O-ring.
Remove all of the fuel lines;
1 Fuel inlet line.
2 Fuel supply line to head.
3 Fuel vent line.
W5000756
4
Disconnect discharge line from the compressor.
Disconnect compressor intake air pipe.
5
Disconnect the fuel solenoid wire.
W5000757
6
Remove the four fuel pump mounting bolts and fuel
pump support bracket.
7
Remove the two air governor mounting bolts and
air tubing.
8
Disconnect compressor coolant lines.
9
Remove the two power steering pump mounting bolts.
Note: Removing the power steering pump allows access
to the compressor mounting bolts.
64
Group 56
Service Procedures
10
Remove the four air compressor mounting bolts and lift
the air compressor away from the engine. Remove all
fittings from compressor.
W5000760
Installation
11
Replace the O-rings on coolant fittings and put sealant
on the air fittings. Tighten the fittings to a torque of 47
Nm (35 ft-lb). Install all air and coolant fittings with the
proper sealants applied.
47 Nm
(35 ft-lb)
12
Clean the air compressor mounting surface on the engine.
13
Position the air compressor crankshaft timing mark at the
12 o’clock position. Position the accessory drive shaft
dowel pin at the 2 o’clock position.
W5000758
14
Install the air compressor onto the engine with new
mounting gaskets. Tighten the bolts hand tight, then
tighten the bolt to a torque of 65 Nm (50 ft-lb).
65 Nm
(50 ft-lb)
15
Install the coolant lines.
Note: Replace the rubber grommet on the coolant
outlet tube. Tighten the coolant tube to a torque of
40 Nm (30 ft-lb).
40 Nm
(30 ft-lb)
65
Group 56
Service Procedures
16
Clean the fuel pump mounting surface and install new
gaskets and spider. Install the fuel pump with the four
mounting bolts. Tighten the bolts to a torque of 47
Nm (35 ft-lb).
47 Nm
(35 ft-lb)
17
Install fuel pump support bracket and tighten the bolt to a
torque of 47 Nm (35 ft-lb).
47 Nm
(35 ft-lb)
W5000759
18
Install fuel lines hand tight.
1 Tighten fuel inlet line (1) to head, 35 Nm (25 ft-lb).
2 Tighten supply line (2) to 35 Nm (25 ft-lb).
3 Tighten vent line (3) to 75 Nm
(55 ft-lb).
W5000756
35 Nm
(25 ft-lb)
, 35 Nm
(25 ft-lb)
, 75 Nm
(55 ft-lb)
19
Install the wire to the fuel solenoid and tighten.
20
Install the air discharge line. Tighten to a torque of
75 Nm (55 ft-lb).
75 Nm
(55 ft-lb)
21
Install the air compressor air intake pipe, use new
O-rings. Tighten bolts to a torque of 47 Nm (35 ft-lb).
Tighten clamp to a torque of 5 Nm (40 in-lb).
47 Nm
(35 ft-lb)
, 5 Nm
(40 in-lb)
66
Group 56
Service Procedures
22
Install compressor air governor with the two mounting
bolts and connect air tubing (use new gasket). Tighten to
a torque of 16 Nm (12 ft-lb).
16 Nm
(12 ft-lb)
23
Install fuel filter with new O-ring.
24
Clean the gasket surface on the engine and power
steering pump before mounting. Install pump with the two
bolts and tighten them to a torque of 8 Nm (48 ft-lb).
8 Nm (48 ft-lb)
25
Fill the radiator with coolant. Coolant fill rate is 2 1/2
gallons per minute (10 liters per minute).
26
CAUTION
Connect the main battery ground cable first. If there
are other ground cables connected to the battery (such
as engine ECU, satellite system, etc.), connect those
grounds last. Electronic modules may be damaged
when additional grounds are connected/disconnected
without the main battery ground connected. Always
connect the main battery ground first.
Connect the battery cable.
27
Run the engine to check for leaks and air compressor
operation.
Note: It may be necessary to prime fuel system before
running the engine.
67
Group 56
Service Procedures
5612-03-02-02
Compressor Unloader Valve and Head, Replacement
Holset QE296
Before beginning this procedure read the General Work
Practices section ( “General Work Practices” page 45)
for further information.
See “Holset” page 27 for important service information
before beginning this procedure.
See “Holset QE296” page 29 for an exploded view of the
Holset unloader valve.
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral, and block the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death.
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component to
violently separate causing serious personal injury.
Removal
1
Chock wheels. Empty compressed air system of all air.
2
WARNING
Always wear appropriate eye protection to prevent
the risk of eye injury due to contact with engine
debris or fluids.
Hold the unloader valve body down and remove the
four screws.
3
Remove the valve body together with the unloader
valve spring.
4
Remove the unloader valve cap. Remove the rectangular
vee seal and O-ring. Use a pick, if necessary, to remove
the seals. Do not damage the groove. Remove the
intake manifold and gasket.
W5000770
68
Group 56
Service Procedures
5
Loosen, but DO NOT REMOVE the center head bolt (It
will hold the head assembly together). Mark the head for
orientation during assembly. Loosen and remove the four
corner head bolts. Save these for reuse.
W5000763
6
Remove head, cover and valve plate. Place on a clean
work surface WITH INTAKE VALVE FACING UPWARD.
7
Some units have a press-fit or stacked-in-place valve
retainer. If present, carefully remove it. Then remove
the intake valve.
8
Turn the head assembly over and set it on a clean
surface. Remove the center head bolt. Save it for reuse.
Note that it is shorter than the four corner head bolts.
Remove the cover gasket, head and head gasket.
9
Remove the two wave washers, exhaust valve retainer
(save for possible reuse) and exhaust valve.
69
Group 56
Service Procedures
Installation
10
Install a new rectangular vee seal into the unloader body.
Note: The seal must be installed with the lip facing in.
W5000769
11
Liberally lubricate the unloader valve bore above and
below the vee seal with high temperature grease.
(Accrolube Lubrication Teflon Grease or equivalent.)
12
Install a new O-ring seal on the unloader valve body.
W5000768
13
Use clean 15W40 oil or Accrolube Lubrication Teflon
Grease (or equivalent) to lubricate the seal.
W5000767
14
Install in order into the valve plate:
1 Exhaust valve retainer with the groove facing up.
2 Align wave spring gaps 180 degrees from each other
and place them in the exhaust valve retainer groove.
15
Orient the valve plate to the valve head. Use orientation
marks made during removal.
16
Assemble cover, cover gasket, head, head gasket and
valve plate. Install the short screw with washer through
the center hole. Tighten the screw to a torque of 14
Nm (120 in-lb).
14 Nm
(120 in-lb)
70
Group 56
Service Procedures
17
Install the valve assembly gasket on the cylinder block.
Carefully place the intake valve and valve retainer in
the valve plate. Install the valve assembly onto the
compressor block.
18
Install the four valve plate assembly screws. Tighten the
screws to a torque of 28 Nm (21 ft-lb).
28 Nm
(21 ft-lb)
19
Install the intake manifold to the valve head. Install
the unloader cap in the cover. Place the spring in the
manifold and install the unloader cover to the manifold
with the four screws. Tighten the screws to a torque of 27
Nm (20 ft-lb). Install governor to the unloader.
27 Nm
(20 ft-lb)
71
Group 56
Service Procedures
5612-03-02-02
Compressor Unloader Valve and Head, Replacement
Holset SS/E/ST
Before beginning this procedure read the General Work
Practices section ( “General Work Practices” page 45)
for further information.
See “Holset” page 27 for important service information
before beginning this procedure.
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral, and block the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death.
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component to
violently separate causing serious personal injury.
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component to
violently separate causing serious personal injury.
Removal
1
Chock wheels. Empty compressed air system of all air.
72
Group 56
Service Procedures
2
WARNING
Always wear appropriate eye protection to prevent
the risk of eye injury due to contact with engine
debris or fluids.
Hold the unloader valve body and remove the two captive
washer capscrews and the two plain washers. Then
remove the unloader valve body, O-ring seal, and the
rectangular ring seal.
W5000772
3
Remove the unloader valve cap and the unloader valve
spring. Then remove the intake valve seat, valve, and
intake valve spring.
W5000771
4
Remove capscrews, lock washers and plain washers
that hold cover and head to the cylinder block. Remove
cover and discard gasket.
W5000853
5
Remove the head and discard gasket. Hold the head
bottom side up and use thumb pressure to remove the
exhaust valve seat assembly. Remove the O-ring seal
from the exhaust valve seat. Remove the exhaust valve.
W5000854
73
Group 56
Service Procedures
6
Remove the compression spring and wear plate from
the head.
Installation
7
Install the new rectangular ring seal into the unloader
body.
Note: The seal must be installed with the grooved side up.
8
Install the unloader cap in the body. Install a new O-ring
seal on the unloading valve body. Use clean 15W-40
oil to lubricate the seal.
9
Install the wear plate and compression spring in the head.
Then install the exhaust valve on the exhaust valve seat.
10
Install the O-ring seal on the seat. Use clean 15W-40 oil
to lubricate the O-ring seals. Use hand pressure to install
the exhaust valve assembly in the head.
11
Use new gaskets to install the cylinder head and cover.
Install the flat washers, lock washers and capscrews.
12
Tighten the cylinder head capscrews in an alternating
sequence:
1
2
3
4
7 Nm (5 ft-lb)
14 Nm (10 ft-lb)
20 Nm (15 ft-lb)
27 Nm (20 ft-lb)
7 Nm (5 ft-lb)
, 14 Nm
(10 ft-lb)
, 20 Nm
(15 ft-lb)
, 27 Nm
(20 ft-lb)
13
Install the intake valve spring with the tang down. Install
the intake valve. Install the intake valve seat with the
flange side up.
74
Group 56
Service Procedures
14
Install the unloader valve cap spring. Install a new O-ring
to the valve body. Install the unloader valve body.
W5000856
15
CAUTION
Do not overtighten these screws. Compressor damage
will result.
Hold the unloader valve body down and install the
washers and screws. Tighten the screws to a torque of 14
Nm (10 ft-lb). Install governor to the unloader body.
5618-03-02-03
Air Dryer, Replacement
Before beginning this procedure read the General Work
Practices section ( “General Work Practices” page 45)
for further information.
See “Wabco System Saver 1000/1200 Series” page 30,
“Bendix AD-IP” page 32, “CR Turbo–2000” page 34, and
“Midland Pure Air Plus” page 35 for important service
information before beginning this procedure.
See page 31 and page 33 for an exploded view of the
air dryers.
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral, and block the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death.
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component to
violently separate causing serious personal injury.
Removal
1
Drain all air from the compressed air system.
75
Group 56
Service Procedures
2
Remove the air lines.
3
Remove the mounting bolts.
4
Remove the fittings.
W5001212
Installation
5
Install the fittings onto the dryer.
6
Re-attach the air dryer and tighten the bolts to a torque of
18 Nm (25 ft-lb).
18 Nm
(25 ft-lb)
7
Install the air lines.
8
Start the engine and check for air leaks.
W5001212
76
Group 56
Service Procedures
5618-03-02-11
Air Dryer Desiccant Cartridge, Replacement
Before beginning this procedure read the General Work
Practices section ( “General Work Practices” page 45)
for further information.
See “Wabco System Saver 1000/1200 Series” page 30,
“Bendix AD-IP” page 32, “CR Turbo–2000” page 34, and
“Midland Pure Air Plus” page 35 for important service
information before beginning this procedure.
See page 31 and page 33 for an exploded view of the
air dryers.
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral, and block the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death.
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component to
violently separate causing serious personal injury.
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component to
violently separate causing serious personal injury.
Removal
1
Drain all air from the compressed air system.
77
Group 56
Service Procedures
2
WARNING
Do not disassemble cartridge. No replacement parts
are available and the cartridge contains a spring under
pressure which can not be mechanically caged. The
sudden release of the spring could cause it to be
ejected violently, causing serious personal injury.
Drain all air from the compressed air system.
3
WABCO System Saver 1000/1200 Series, Midland Pure
Air Plus and RC Turbo 2000 air dryers only require the
use of a strap wrench to replace desiccant cartridge.
They are spin on type cartridges. On Bendix AD-IP air
dryers, use a 1 1/8 in. wrench or socket to loosen
desiccant cartridge bolt. Remove desiccant cartridge bolt
(1) with its two O-rings.
W5000852
Bendix AD-IP Air Dryer
Installation
4
Inspect all O-rings for splits, cracks, and possible reuse. If
defective, replace.
5
When installing new cartridge make certain the cartridge
is properly seated and flush on end cover and that all
sealing surfaces are clean.
Note: For the AD-IP dryer, it may be necessary to rotate
cartridge until anti-rotation lugs align to allow cartridge to
properly seat. After new desiccant cartridge has been
seated, reinstall cartridge bolt with its two O-rings and
tighten to a torque of 68 Nm (50 ft-lb).
68 Nm
(50 ft-lb)
78
Group 56
Service Procedures
5621-03-02-03
Purge Tank, Replacement
Before beginning this procedure read the General Work
Practices section ( “General Work Practices” page 45)
for further information.
See “Purge Tank” page 36 for important service
information before beginning this procedure.
W5001192
1
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral, and block the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death
Park the vehicle on a level surface with the transmission
in neutral and the front wheels chocked.
2
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component to
violently separate causing serious personal injury.
WARNING
Always wear appropriate eye protection to prevent
the risk of eye injury due to contact with engine
debris or fluids.
Deplete the air system pressure.
3
Disconnect the air line using Special Tool J-44773
Note: Observe the orientation of fitting when performing
this step.
J-44773
4
Remove the mounting bolts to the air tank bracket.
79
Group 56
Service Procedures
5
Remove the fittings from the air tank and install them into
the replacement air tank.
6
Install the replacement air tank and connect the air line.
7
Start the vehicle to build up the air system pressure and
check for proper operation.
80
Group 56
Service Procedures
5621-03-02-01
Air Tank, Replacement
Before beginning this procedure read the General Work
Practices section ( “General Work Practices” page 45)
for further information.
1
For an illustration of the various Air Tank locations on VN
and VHD vehicles see “Air Tank Mounting” page 40.
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral, and block the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death.
Park the vehicle on a level surface with the
transmission in neutral and the front wheels chocked.
2
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component to
violently separate causing serious personal injury.
WARNING
Always wear appropriate eye protection to prevent
the risk of eye injury due to contact with engine
debris or fluids.
Drain the complete air system.
3
Cut all zip ties securing the airlines and the air tank
drain fitting cable
4
Disconnect any airlines using special tool J-44773
(Airline Release Tool).
J-44773
5
Remove any air valve bracket to allow for the removal of
the air tank mount bolts.
6
Remove any brackets or straps and fittings and plugs
from the air tank.
81
Group 56
Service Procedures
7
Remove the air tank from the vehicle.
8
Install the fittings and plugs into the replacement air
tank using pipe sealant.
9
Install the replacement air tank and start the mount bolts.
10
Tighten the air tank mount bolts.
11
Secure any air valves or brackets.
12
Connect any airlines and secure them with zip ties.
13
Start the vehicle and build the system to check for
leaks and proper operation
5614-03-02-01
Governor, Replacement
(Bendix)
Before beginning this procedure read the General Work
Practices section ( “General Work Practices” page 45)
for further information.
See “Governor” page 17 for important service information
before beginning this procedure.
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral, and block the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death.
WARNING
Always wear appropriate eye protection to prevent
the risk of eye injury due to contact with engine
debris or fluids.
82
Group 56
Service Procedures
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component to
violently separate causing serious personal injury.
Removal
1
Completely drain all air from the compressed air system.
2
Remove the air lines from the governor.
3
Remove the two mounting bolts that hold the governor in
place.
4
Remove the air line fittings from the old governor.
Installation
5
Install the fittings to the new governor and align to the
correct position for proper connection.
6
Install the governor to the air compressor or bracket.
7
Install the air lines to the governor fittings.
8
Install the governor and tighten the bolts to a torque of
18 Nm (25 ft-lb).
18 Nm
(25 ft-lb)
9
Start the engine and build up the system air pressure.
Check for air leaks and proper operation.
83
Group 56
Service Procedures
5516-03-02-01
Parking Brake Valve, Replacement
For the service procedure, see “Dash Valve,
Replacement” page 85.
5631-03-02-02
Parking Brake/Trailer Supply Valve, Replacement (Dash)
For the service procedure, see “Dash Valve,
Replacement” page 85.
5711-03-02-01
Trailer Brake Control Valve, Replacement
For the service procedure, see “Dash Valve,
Replacement” page 85.
84
Group 56
Service Procedures
Dash Valve, Replacement
Before beginning this procedure read the General Work
Practices section ( “General Work Practices” page 45)
for further information.
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral, and block the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death.
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component
to violently separate, which can result in serious
personal injury.
WARNING
Always wear appropriate eye protection to prevent
the risk of eye injury due to contact with engine
debris or fluids.
1
Park the vehicle on a level surface and chock the
wheels. Make sure the vehicle is in neutral and
the brakes have been released. Drain the air sys
tem of all air pressure.
W5001037
Removal
2
Remove the electrical center covers. Unbolt the
instrument cluster and lay the instrument cluster to
the side.
85
Group 56
Service Procedures
3
Pull the handle off the trailer hand brake valve and
remove the trailer hand brake cover. Using a small punch,
drive the pins out of the parking brake knob and the trailer
supply knob and remove them.
W5001038
4
Remove the dash cover for the trailer hand brake valve
and manifold dash valve, and unbolt the dash panel.
W5001039
5
Disconnect the lower radio support and lay the dash
panel over.
6
Unbolt the manifold dash valve and
remove the mounting plate.
W5001040
86
Group 56
Service Procedures
7
Disconnect the air lines to the
valves and remove the valve from the bracket.
Installation
1
Install the new valve and connect the air lines.
2
Install the trailer hand brake and the manifold dash valve
to the mounting plate and install the mounting plate.
3
Move the dash panel into place and
reconnect the lower radio support.
4
Install the dash panel and the dash cover for the trailer
hand brake valve and manifold dash valve.
5
Install the knobs on the parking brake and the trailer
supply, and install the cover to the trailer hand brake valve.
6
Install the instrument cluster and electrical center covers.
7
Start the vehicle to build up air
pressure, and check the valves for leaks and proper
operation.
87
Group 56
Service Procedures
5631-03-02-01
Foot Brake Valve, Replacement
Before beginning this procedure read the General Work
Practices section ( “General Work Practices” page 45)
for further information.
1
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral and block the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death.
WARNING
Always wear appropriate eye protection to prevent
the risk of eye injury due to contact with engine
debris or fluids.
Park the vehicle on a level surface with the transmission
in neutral, and chock the front wheels.
Removal
2
Remove the lower dash panel, on the left side, under the
steering column.
3
Remove the center and right side sections fo lower dash
panels under the steering column.
4
Remove the lower cover off of the steering column.
88
Group 56
Service Procedures
5
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component
to violently separate, which can result in serious
personal injury.
Deplete air system pressure.
6
Note: Note location of air lines for replacement.
Disconnect air lines.
J–42189
7
Remove the nuts from the footvalve and remove the
footvalve.
8
Remove the fittings from the old footvalve and install
the fittings onto the new footvalve.
Note: Remove the fittings one at a time for proper
orientation.
J–44775
Installation
9
Set the new footvalve into position for mounting.
10
Connect the air lines to the new footvalve.
11
Install the mounting nuts on the new footvalve and tighten
to 24 ± 4 Nm (18 ± 3 ft-lb).
24 ± 4 Nm
(18 ± 3 ft-lb)
12
Start the vehicle and check for air leaks and proper
operation.
13
Install the lower cover to the steering column.
Note: Refer to Service Bulletin 563.01 (See “Foot
Brake Valve Leak Test, Checking” page 90.) for air leak
test procedure.
89
Group 56
Service Procedures
14
Install the left side lower dash panel under the steering
column.
15
Install the center and right side sections of the lower dash
panels under the steering column.
5631-06-02-01
Foot Brake Valve Leak Test, Checking
Before beginning this procedure read the General Work
Practices section ( “General Work Practices” page 45)
for further information.
DANGER
Before working on a vehicle, set the parking brakes,
place the transmission in neutral, and block the
wheels. Failure to do so can result in unexpected
vehicle movement and can cause serious personal
injury or death.
WARNING
Before beginning any service work on any part of the
air system, be certain that the air pressure has been
released. Failure to do so may cause a component
to violently separate, which can result in serious
personal injury.
1
Park the vehicle on a level surface and chock the front
wheels.
2
Start the engine and build the system air pressure to the
governor cut out pressure, then stop the engine.
3
Apply and release the foot brake valve twice.
4
Spray the foot brake valve with soapy water and check
the foot brake valve in the unapplied position. When
conducting this test be sure that leakage does not exceed
a one inch diameter soap bubble in three seconds.
Note: Spray all fittings and joints
of the foot brake valve with soapy
water before checking for leakage.
5
Apply the foot brake valve to 100%
application and check for leakage
using the guidelines in step 4.
90
Group 56
Service Procedures
6
After checking for leakage in the
unapplied and applied positions make a brake application
of approximately 20 psi (137.9 kPa) for a delivery
pressure check.
7
W5001048
If a delivery air pressure gauge is available, make the
connection at the left rear most brake chamber. The
arrows in figure 1 identify the correct locations for
connecting the delivery air pressure gauge.
Note: The connection location depends on the type of
brake chamber being used.
Note: In order to maintain constant
delivery pressure, it may be necessary to use a block of
wood or support mechanism beneath the pedal to check
the foot brake valve at delivery pressure.
W5001049
Fig. 1: Locations for the delivery air pressure gauge
connections.
8
If a delivery air pressure gauge is
unavailable, deflect the pedal to
between 1/3 and 1/2 of its full travel and check for
leakage using the guidelines in step 4.
9
If the foot brake valve passes these three tests, the
valve is good.
91
92
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From
Volvo Trucks North America, Inc.
Dept. 516 Service Publications
7825 National Service Road
P.O. Box 26115
Greensboro, NC 27402-6115
USA
Fax (336) 393-3170
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Concerns Service Manual: ...........................................................................................................................
Operation Numbers
5611-03-02-02 Compressor, Replacement ...................................................................................................................... 47
5612-03-02-05 Compressor Unloader Valve, Replacement ............................................................................................. 50
5611-03-02-04 Compressor Cylinder Head Gasket, Replacement .................................................................................. 54
5611-03-02-02 Compressor, Replacement ...................................................................................................................... 57
5612-03-02-05 Compressor Unloader Valve, Replacement ............................................................................................. 61
5611-03-02-02 Compressor, Replacement ...................................................................................................................... 63
5612-03-02-02 Compressor Unloader Valve and Head, Replacement ............................................................................ 68
5612-03-02-02 Compressor Unloader Valve and Head, Replacement ............................................................................ 72
5618-03-02-03 Air Dryer, Replacement ............................................................................................................................ 75
5618-03-02-11 Air Dryer Desiccant Cartridge, Replacement ........................................................................................... 77
5621-03-02-03 Purge Tank, Replacement ........................................................................................................................ 79
5621-03-02-01 Air Tank, Replacement ............................................................................................................................. 81
5614-03-02-01 Governor, Replacement ........................................................................................................................... 82
5516-03-02-01 Parking Brake Valve, Replacement .......................................................................................................... 84
5631-03-02-02 Parking Brake/Trailer Supply Valve, Replacement (Dash) ....................................................................... 84
5711-03-02-01 Trailer Brake Control Valve, Replacement ................................................................................................ 84
5631-03-02-01 Foot Brake Valve, Replacement ............................................................................................................... 88
5631-06-02-01 Foot Brake Valve Leak Test, Checking ..................................................................................................... 90
Volvo Trucks North America, Inc.
P.O. Box 26115, Greensboro, NC 27402-6115
Volvo Trucks Canada, Ltd.
5600A Cancross Court, Mississauga, Ontario L5R 3E9
http://www.volvotrucks.volvo.com
PV776-TSP194846 (1000) 07.2003 © Volvo Trucks North America, Inc., 2003
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