C100 for OBD Manual - Creator C100 color LCD display

C100 for OBD Manual - Creator C100 color LCD display
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OBDII/EOBD
INDEX
1.Safety Precautions and Warnings ................... 3
2. General Information...............................
Information............................... 5
2.1 OnOn-Board Diagnostics (OBD) II .................. 5
2.2 Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) ................ 6
2.3 Location of the Data Link Connector (DLC) ...... 7
2.4 OBD II Readiness Monitors ...................... 8
2.5 OBD II Monitor Readiness Status ............... 10
2.6
2.6 OBD II Definitions ............................ 11
3. Using the Scan Tool..............................
Tool.............................. 14
3.1 Tool Description .............................. 14
3.2 Specifications ................................ 15
3.3 Accessories Include ........................... 15
3.4 Product Troubleshooting ....................... 16
4. Software Function................................
Function................................ 17
4.1 System Configuration .......................... 18
4.2 DIAGNOSTIC RECORDS ............................ 20
5. OBD II Diagnostics...............................
Diagnostics............................... 21
5.1 Read Trouble Code ............................. 22
5.2 Erasing Codes .................................
................................. 24
5.3 Read Datastream ............................... 26
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5.4 Component test ................................ 28
5.5 Freeze Frame Data ............................. 30
5.6 O2 Sensor Monitoring Test ..................... 32
5.7 Vehicle Information ........................... 35
6.Software update................................
update..................................
.................................. 38
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1.Safety Precautions and Warnings
To prevent personal injury or damage to vehicles
and/or the scan tool. Read this instruction
manual first and observe the following safety
precautions at a minimum whenever
whenever working on a
vehicle.
·Always perform automotive testing in a safe
environment.
·Wear safety eye protection that meets ANSI
standards.
· Keep clothing, hair, hands, tools, test
equipment, etc. Away from all moving or hot
engine parts.
·Operate the vehicle in a well ventilated work
area: Exhaust gases are poisonous.
·Put blocks in front of the drive wheels and
never leave the vehicle unattended while
running tests.
·Use extreme caution when working around the
ignition coil, distributor cap, ignition
wires and spark plugs. Theses components
create hazardous voltages when the engine is
running.
·NEUTRAL (for manual transmission) and make
sure the sparking brake is engaged.
· Keep a fire extinguisher suitable for
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gasoline/chemical/electrical fires nearby.
· Don’t connect or disconnect any test
equipment while the ignition is on or the
engine is running.
· Keep the scan tool dry, clean, free from
oil/water or grease. Use a mild detergent on
a clean cloth to clean the outside of the scan
tool, when necessary.
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2. General
General Information
2.1 OnOn-Board Diagnostics (OBD) II
The first generation of On-Board Diagnostics
(called OBD I) was developed by the California
Air Resources Board (ARB) and implemented in
1988 to monitor some of the emission control
components on vehicles. As technology evolved
and the desire to improve the On-Board
Diagnostics system increased. A new generation
of On-Broad Diagnostic system was developed.
This second generation of On-Broad Diagnostic
regulations is called “OBD II”
The OBD II system is designed to monitor
emission control systems and key engine
components by performing either continuous or
periodic tests of specific components and
vehicle conditions. When a problem is detected,
the OBD II system turns on a warning lamp (MIL)
on the vehicle instrument panel to alert the
driver typically by the phrase of “Check
Engine” or “Service Engine Soon”. The system
will also store important information about the
detected malfunction so that a technician can
accurately find and fix the problem. Here below
follow three pieces of such valuable
information:
1) Whether the Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL)
is commanded ‘on ‘or ‘off’
off’;
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2) Which, if any, Diagnostic Trouble Codes
(DTCs) are stored;
3) Readiness Monitor status.
status.
2.2 Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs)
OBD II Diagnostic Trouble Codes are codes that
are stored by the on-board computer diagnostic
system in response to a problem found in the
vehicle. These codes identify a particular
problem area and are intended to provide you
with a guide as to where a fault might be
occurring within a vehicle. OBD II Diagnostic
Trouble Codes consist of a five-digit
alphanumeric code. The first character, a
letter, identifies which control system sets
the code. The other four characters, all
numbers, provide additional information on
where the DTC originated and the operating
conditions that caused it to set. Here below
is an example to illustrate the structure of
the digits:
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2.3 Location of the Data Link Connector (DLC)
The DLC (Data Link Connector or Diagnostic
Link Connecter) is the standardized 16-cavity
connector where diagnostic scan tools
interface 12 inches from the center of
instrument panel (dash), under or around the
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driver’s side for most vehicles. If Data Link
Connector is not located under dashboard, a
label should be there telling location. For
some Asian and European vehicles, the DLC is
located behind the ashtray and the ashtray
must be removed to access the connector, if the
DLC cannot be found, refer to the vehicle’s
service manual for the location.
2.4 OBD II Readiness Monitors
An important part of a vehicle’s OBDII system
the Readiness Monitors, which are indicators
used to find out if all of the emissions
components have been evaluated by the OBD II
system. They are running periodic tests on
specific systems and components to ensure
that they are performing within allowable
limits.
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Currently,
Currently there are eleven OBD II Readiness
Monitors (or/ I/M Monitors) defined by the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Not
all monitors are supported by all vehicles and
exact number of monitors in any vehicle
depends on the motor vehicle manufacturer’s
emissions control strategy.
Continuous Monitors – Some of the vehicle
components or systems are continuously tested
by the vehicle’s OBD II system, while others
are tested only under specific vehicle
operating conditions. The continuously
monitored components listed below are always
ready:
1) Misfire
2) Fuel System
3) Comprehensive Components (CCM)
Once the vehicle is running the OBD II system
is continuously checking the above components,
monitoring key engine sensors, watching for
engine misfire, and monitoring fuel demands.
NonNon-Continuous Monitors – Unlike the
continuous monitors, many emissions and engine
system components require the vehicle to be
operated under specific conditions before the
monitor is ready. These monitors are termed
non-continuous monitors and are listed below:
1) EGR System
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2) O2 Sensors
3) Catalyst
4) Evaporative
Evaporative System
5) O2 Sensor Heater
6) Secondary air
7) Heated Catalyst
8) A/C system
2.5 OBD II Monitor
Monitor Readiness Statuses
OBD II systems must indicate whether or nor
the vehicle’s PCM’s monitor system has
completed testing on each component.
Components that have been tested will be
reported as “Ready”, or “complete”,
meaning the have been tested by the OBD II
system. The purpose of recording readiness
states is to allow inspectors to determine if
vehicle’s OBD II system has tested all the
components and/or system.
The power train control module (PCM) sets a
monitor to “Ready” or “Complete”, it will
remain in this state. A number of factors,
including erasing of diagnostic trouble codes
(DTCs) with a scan tool or a disconnected
battery, can result in Readiness Monitors
being set to “Not ready”. Since the three
continuous monitors are constantly
evaluating, they will be reported as
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“Ready” all of the time. If testing of a
particular supported non-continuous monitor
has not been completed, the monitor status
will be reported as “Not Complete” or “Not
Ready.”
In order for the OBD monitor system to become
ready, the vehicle should be driven under a
variety of normal operating conditions. These
operating conditions may include a mix of
highway driving and stop and go, city type
driving, and at least one overnight-off period.
For specific information on getting your
vehicle’s OBD monitor system ready, please
consult your vehicle owner’s manual.
2.6 OBD II Definitions
Power train Control Module (PCM) -- OBD II
terminology for the on-board computer that
controls engine and drive train.
Malfunction Indicator
Indicator Light (MIL) -Malfunction Indicator Light (Service Engine
Soon, Check Engine) is a term used for the light
on the instrument panel. It is to alert the
driver and/or the repair technician that there
is a problem with one or more of vehicle's
systems and may cause emissions to exceed
federal standards. If the MIL illuminates with
a steady light, it indicates that a problem has
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been detected and the vehicle should be
serviced as soon as possible. Under certain
conditions, the dashboard light will blink or
flash. This indicates a severe problem and
flashing is intended to discourage vehicle
operation. The vehicle onboard diagnostic
system can not turn the MIL off until necessary
repairs are completed or the condition no
longer exists.
DTC -- Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTC) that
identifies which section of the emission
control system has malfunctioned.
Enabling Criteria -- Also termed Enabling
Conditions. They are the vehicle-specific
events or conditions that must occur within the
engine before the various monitors will set,
or run. Some monitors require the vehicle to
follow a prescribed “drive cycle” routine as
part of the enabling criteria. Drive cycles
vary among vehicles and for each monitor in any
particular vehicle.
OBD II Drive Cycle -- A specific mode of vehicle
operation that provides conditions required to
set all the readiness monitors applicable to
the vehicle to the “ready” condition. The
purpose of completing an OBD II drive cycle is
to force the vehicle to run its onboard
diagnostics. Some form of a drive cycle needs
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to be performed after DTCs have been erased
from the PCM’s memory or after the battery has
been disconnected. Running through a
vehicle’s complete drive cycle will “set”
the readiness monitors so that future faults
can be detected. Drive cycles vary depending
on the vehicle and the monitor that needs to
be reset. For vehicle specific drive cycle,
consult the vehicle’s Owner’s Manual. 7
Freeze Frame Data -- When an emissions related
fault occurs, the OBD II system not only sets
a code but also records a snapshot of the
vehicle operating parameters to help in
identifying the problem. This set of values is
referred to as Freeze Frame Data and may
include important engine parameters such as
engine RPM, vehicle speed, air flow, engine
load, fuel pressure, fuel trim value, engine
coolant temperature, ignition timing advance,
or closed loop status.
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3. Using the Scan Tool
3.1 Tool Description
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A) LCD DISPLAY -- Indicates test results. Color,
240 x 320 pixel display with contrast
adjustment
B) KEYBOARD -- include [OK], [EXIT], [UP],
[DOWN], [PAGE UP], [PAGE DOWN], Used to
operate the scan tool;
C) DLC -- Data Link Connector (DLC), Use to
connect the scan tool to the vehicle;
D) USB PORT -- Use to connect the scan tool to
PC;
3.2 Specifications
Specifications
A) Display: Color, 240 x 320 pixel display with
contrast adjustment
B) Operation Temperature: -20 ℃ -- 75 ℃
C) Strobe Temperature: -40 ℃ -- 120 ℃
D) Power: 8V -- 18V
E) Dimensions:
Length
Width
Height
100 MM
54 MM
18 MM
F) Weight:
Net Weight:
eight: 210 g
Gross Weight:
eight: 320 g
3.3 Accessories Include
A) User’
User’s Manual – Instructions on tool
operations.
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B) CD – Include User’s Manual, Update Software
and etc.
C) USB Cable – Used to upgrade the scan tool.
3.4 Product Troubleshooting
Vehicle Linking Error
A communication error occurs if the scan tool
fails to communicate with the vehicle’s ECU
(Engine Control Unit). You need to do the
following to check up:
A) Verify that the ignition is ON;
B) Check if the scan tool’s OBD II connector
is securely connected to the vehicle’s DLC;
C) Verify that the vehicle is OBD2 compliant;
D) Turn the ignition off and wait for about 10
seconds. Turn the
E) Ignition back to on and continue the testing.
F) Verify the control module is not defective
Scan tool doesn’t power up
If the scan tool won’t power up or operates
incorrectly in any other way, you need to do the
following to check up:
A) Check if the scan tool’s OBD II connector
is securely connected to the vehicle’s DLC;
B) Check if the DLC pins are bent or broken.
Clean the DLC pins if necessary.
C) Check vehicle battery to make sure it is still
good with at least 8.0 volts.
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4. Software Function
CATION: Don’
Don’t connect or disconnect any test
equipment with ignition on or engine running.
1) Turn the ignition off.
2) Locate the vehicle’s 16-pin Data Link
Connector (DLC)
3) Plug into the scan tool cable connector to the
vehicle's DLC ,the scan tool will be light.
As shown
4) Turn the ignition on. Engine can be off or
running
5) Press any key to enter Function Menu.
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4.1 System Configuration
Select Menu [SYSTEM
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION]
CONFIGURATION and Press OK
button to enter system configuration.
There are two menus to select. As shown.
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1) select [LANGUAGE SETUP] to
change language
2)
select
[SYSTEM
INFORMATION] to display the
information of the machine
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3) Select [BEEPER] to Open or
Close the Beeper.
4) Select [UNIT OF MEASURE]
to setup the unit display
4.2 DIAGNOSTIC RECORDS
Select Menu [DIAGNOSTIC
DIAGNOSTIC RECORDS]
RECORDS and Press OK
button to enter diagnostic records function.
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There are three menus to select. As shown.
Select any one set of data,
you can re-display the
results of the diagnostic
5. OBD II Diagnostics
Select Menu [DIAGNOSTIC
DIAGNOSTIC]
DIAGNOSTIC and Press OK button to
enter diagnostic function.
A sequence of messages displaying the OBDII
protocols will be observed on display until the
vehicle protocol is detected.
◆if
if the scan tool fails to communica
communication
cation with
the vehicle’
vehicle’s ECU, a “ERROR”
ERROR” message shows
up on the display
Communication error!
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-- Please make sure:
1. System equipped?
2. Cable connect ok?
-- Maybe you can turn off the key, then turn
on the key, and try again.
5.1 Read Trouble Code
Code
◆Reading Codes can be done with the key on
engine off (KOEO) or with the key on engine
running (KOER).
◆Stored Codes are also known as “hard codes”
or “permanent codes”. These codes cause the
control module to illuminate the malfunction
indicator lamp (MIL) when emission-related
fault occurs.
◆ Pending Codes are also referred to as
“maturing codes” or “continuous monitor
codes”. They indicate problems that the
control module has detected during the current
or last driving cycle but are not considered
serious yet. Pending Codes will not turn on the
malfunction indicator lamp (MIL). If the fault
does not occur within a certain number of
warm-up cycles, the code clears from memory.
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1) Use the UP/DOWN buttons
to select Read Trouble
Code form Diagnostic
Menu and press the OK
button
2) Use UP/DOWN button to
select Read Current
Code or Read Pending
Code from the Trouble
Codes menu and press
ENTER button.
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3) View DTCs and their
definitions on screen.
If there are no
Diagnostic
Trouble
Codes
present,
the
display indicates “No
No
Trouble Code”
Wait a
Code
few seconds or press any
OK
to
return
to
Diagnostic Menu.
Menu
The control module
number, sequence of the
DTCs, total number of
codes detected and type
of codes (Generic or
Manufacturer specific)
will be observed on the
upper right hand corner
of the display.
5.2 Erasing Codes
CAUTION: Erasing the Diagnostic Trouble Codes
may allow the scan tool to delete not only the
codes from the vehicle’s onon-board computer,
computer,
but also “Freeze Frame” data and manufacturer
specific enhanced data. Further, the I/M
Readiness Monitor Status for all vehicle
monitors is reset to Not Ready or Not Complete
status. Do not erase the codes before the system
has been checked completely by a technician.
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This function is performed with key on engine
off (KOEO). Do not start the engine.
1) Use UP/DOWN buttons to
select Erase Trouble Code
from Diagnostics Menu and
press OK button.
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* If the codes are cleared
successfully, a “Fault
Fault
codes
codes is erased.”
erased.
confirmation message
shows on the display.
* If the codes are not
cleared, then an “Erase
Erase
Failure. Turn Key on with
Engine off!”
off! message
appears.
Press OK button to return
to Diagnostic Menu.
5.3 Read DataStream
The Read DataStream function
function allows viewing of
live or real time PID data of vehicle’s
computer module(s).
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1) Use UP/DOWN button to
select Read DataStream
from Diagnostic Menu and
press OK button.
2) Use UP/DOWN button for
select DataStream, Use
LETE/RIGHT for PageUp and
PageDown.
If appear [GRAPH
GRAPH]
GRAPH button,
Press OK button to enter
Graph mode
Press ESC button return to
previous menu.
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3) Graph model
Press OK button to return
data model.
Press BACK button return
to previous menu.
5.4 Component test
The Component Test function
function allows initiating
a leak test for the vehicle's EVAP system. The
scan tool itself does not perform the leak test,
but commands the vehicle's onon-board computer to
start the test. Different vehicle manufacturers
might have different criteria and methods
methods for
stopping the test once it has been started.
Before starting the Component Test, refer to the
vehicle service manual for instructions to stop
the test.
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1) Use UP/DOWN
UP DOWN button to
select Component Test from
Diagnostic Menu and press
OK button
3) From Component Test
menu, use UP/DOWN
UP DOWN scroll
button to select the test
to be initiated.
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4) If the test has been
initiated by the vehicle, a
confirmation message will
be displayed on the screen.
5.5 Freeze Frame Data
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1) Use UP/DOWN button to
select Freeze Frame Data
from Diagnostic Menu and
press OK button.
2) Wait a few seconds while
the
scan
tool
Communication with the
vehicle.
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3)
If
retrieved
information covers more
than one screen, then a
down arrow will appear. Use
DOWN scroll button, as
necessary, until all the
data have been shown up.
If there is no freeze
frame data available, an
advisory
message
“No
No
freeze
frame
data
stored!”
shows on the
stored!
display.
5.6 O2 Sensor Monitoring Test
-- OBD2 regulations set by SAE require that
relevant vehicles
vehicles monitor and test the oxygen
(O2) sensors to identify problems related to
fuel efficiency and vehicle emissions. These
tests are not onon-demand tests and they are done
automatically when engine operating conditions
are within specified limits. These test results
are saved in the onon-board computer's memory.
-- The O2 Monitor Test function allows retrieval
and viewing of O2 sensor monitor test
test results
for the most recently performed tests from the
vehicle's onon-board computer.
--- The O2 Monitor Test function is not supported
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by vehicles which communicate using a controller
area network (CAN). For O2 Monitor Test results
of CANCAN-equipped vehicles,
vehicles, see chapter
“On“On-Board Mon. Test”.
1) Use UP/DOWN button to
select
O2
Sensor
Monitoring
Test
from
Diagnostic Menu and press
OK button.
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2) Wait a few seconds while
the
scan
tool
Communication with the
vehicle.
3) Use UP/DOWN scroll
button to select O2 sensor
from O2 Monitor Test menu
and press ENTER button.
If the vehicle does not
support the mode, an
advisory message will be
displayed on the screen.
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4) View test results of
selected O2 sensor.
5) Press ESC button to
return to the previous
menus.
5.7 Vehicle Information
The Vehicle Info. function enables
enables retrieval of
Vehicle Identification No. (VIN), Calibration
ID(s), Calibration Verification Nos. (CVNs) and
InIn-use Performance tracking on 2000 and newer
vehicles that support Mode 9.
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1) Use UP/DOWN scroll
button to select Vehicle
Information
from
the
Diagnostic Menu and press
ENTER button.
2) Wait a few seconds while
the
scan
tool
Communication with the
vehicle.
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3) View retrieved vehicle
information on screen.
3) Press OK button to
return previous menu
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6.Software update
1.Setup Update tools
A) Open website: www.szcreator.com download the tool and
setup it to you computer.
B) Send Email to [email protected] tell us the serial
number of your mechine. You will receive the Updatefile.
C) Run the update tool and Operate in accordance with
photographs
1) Used the USB cable connected to C100 scanner and PC
2) Run the update software.
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1) Click [Update] button.
2) Select update file and click [open] button.
3) Into the upgrade interface, wait for the end of upgrade
WARNNING:
Do not power off during upgrade!
Do not Plug or Unplug USB tools during upgrade!
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Start Updata
There are four files to update.
1) Update BOOT.HEX
BOOT.HEX
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2) Update DIAG.HEX
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3) Update BOOTDB.BIN
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4) Update DIAG.BIN
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5) Update Finish
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