Invacare Tracer SX5 Recliner User manual

Invacare Tracer SX5 Recliner User manual
Owner’s Operator and Maintenance Manual
Tracer® SX5
DEALER: This manual MUST be given to
the user of the product.
USER: BEFORE using this product, read this
manual and save for future reference.
For more information regarding
Invacare products, parts, and services,
please visit www.invacare.com
WARNING
A QUALIFIED TECHNICIAN MUST PERFORM THE INITIAL SET UP
OF THIS WHEELCHAIR. ALSO, A QUALIFIED TECHNICIAN MUST
PERFORM ALL PROCEDURES SPECIFICALLY INDICATED IN THE
MANUAL.
WHEELCHAIR USERS: DO NOT SERVICE OR OPERATE THIS
EQUIPMENT WITHOUT FIRST READING AND UNDERSTANDING
(1) THE OWNER’S OPERATOR AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
AND (2) THE SEATING SYSTEM’S MANUAL (IF APPLICABLE). IF
YOU ARE UNABLE TO UNDERSTAND THE WARNINGS,
CAUTIONS, AND INSTRUCTIONS, CONTACT INVACARE
TECHNICAL SUPPORT BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO SERVICE OR
OPERATE THIS EQUIPMENT - OTHERWISE INJURY OR DAMAGE
MAY RESULT.
DEALERS AND QUALIFIED TECHNICIANS: DO NOT SERVICE OR
OPERATE THIS EQUIPMENT WITHOUT FIRST READING AND
UNDERSTANDING (1) THE OWNER’S OPERATOR AND
MAINTENANCE MANUAL, (2) THE SERVICE MANUAL (IF
APPLICABLE) AND (3) THE SEATING SYSTEM’S MANUAL (IF
APPLICABLE). IF YOU ARE UNABLE TO UNDERSTAND THE
WARNINGS, CAUTIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS, CONTACT
INVACARE TECHNICAL SUPPORT BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO
SERVICE OR OPERATE THIS EQUIPMENT - OTHERWISE, INJURY
OR DAMAGE MAY RESULT.
NOTE: Updated versions of this manual are available on www.invacare.com.
Tracer® SX5
2
Part No. 1110550
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
REGISTER YOUR PRODUCT ............................................................... 6
SPECIAL NOTES ................................................................................ 9
LABEL LOCATION .......................................................................... 11
TYPICAL PRODUCT PARAMETERS .................................................. 12
SECTION 1—GENERAL GUIDELINES ................................................. 13
Information for Healthcare Professionals/Assistants .......................................................................13
Stability - All Models ................................................................................................................................14
Anti-Tippers...............................................................................................................................................14
Operating Information.............................................................................................................................15
Weight Training ........................................................................................................................................16
Weight Limitation.....................................................................................................................................16
SECTION 2—SAFETY/HANDLING OF WHEELCHAIRS ......................... 17
Safety/Handling of Wheelchairs.............................................................................................................17
Stability and Balance.................................................................................................................................17
Coping With Everyday Obstacles.........................................................................................................18
A Note to Wheelchair Assistants ........................................................................................................18
Reaching, Leaning and Bending Forward.............................................................................................19
Reaching and Leaning Backwards..........................................................................................................19
Tipping.........................................................................................................................................................19
Method 1 - Wheelchair With Step Tubes......................................................................................20
Method 2 - Wheelchair Without Step Tubes ...............................................................................20
Stairways.....................................................................................................................................................21
Escalators....................................................................................................................................................22
Transferring To and From Other Seats ..............................................................................................22
Unfolding and Folding Wheelchair .......................................................................................................23
Unfolding................................................................................................................................................23
Folding Wheelchair..............................................................................................................................24
Folding Hammock or Sling Seat Models. ........................................................................................25
SECTION 3—SAFETY INSPECTION/TROUBLESHOOTING .................... 26
Safety Inspection Checklist.....................................................................................................................26
Troubleshooting........................................................................................................................................28
Maintenance ...............................................................................................................................................29
Maintenance Safety Precautions .......................................................................................................29
Suggested Maintenance Procedures ................................................................................................29
Tracer® SX5
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Part No. 1110550
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 4—FRONT RIGGINGS ........................................................ 30
Installing/Removing Front Riggings .......................................................................................................30
Installing..................................................................................................................................................30
Removing ...............................................................................................................................................30
Adjusting Footplate Height.....................................................................................................................31
Raising/Lowering Elevating Legrest Assembly....................................................................................31
Replacing Heel Loop ................................................................................................................................32
SECTION 5—ARMS ......................................................................... 33
Using or Replacing Flip-Back Armrest.................................................................................................33
Using .......................................................................................................................................................33
Replacing ................................................................................................................................................33
Adjusting Armrest Height.......................................................................................................................34
SECTION 6—SEAT AND BACK ......................................................... 35
Installing the Back Canes ........................................................................................................................35
Replacing Back Upholstery .....................................................................................................................36
Replacing Seat Upholstery......................................................................................................................36
Adjusting Seat Depth ...............................................................................................................................36
Adjusting the Seat Width........................................................................................................................37
SECTION 7—REAR WHEELS ............................................................. 40
Removing/Installing Rear Wheels .........................................................................................................40
Permanent Axles ..................................................................................................................................40
Replacing Rear Wheel Handrim............................................................................................................41
Replacing/Repairing Rear Wheel Tire..................................................................................................42
SECTION 8—FRONT CASTERS ......................................................... 43
Installing/Replacing Six or Eight-Inch Front Casters and Forks .....................................................43
Adjusting Forks .........................................................................................................................................44
Replacing Front Casters..........................................................................................................................44
Replacing/Repairing Front Caster Tire/Tube .....................................................................................44
SECTION 9—ANTI-TIPPERS/WHEEL LOCKS ....................................... 45
Installing/Adjusting Anti-Tippers ...........................................................................................................45
Installing Anti-Tippers .........................................................................................................................45
Adjusting the Anti-Tippers.................................................................................................................46
Using/Adjusting Disk Wheel Locks ......................................................................................................47
Using Patient Operated Disk Wheel Locks...................................................................................47
Adjusting Patient-Operated Wheel Locks .....................................................................................48
Part No. 1110550
4
Tracer® SX5
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 10—SEAT TO FLOOR ......................................................... 49
Changing Seat-to-Floor Height..............................................................................................................49
Non-Recliner Frame Style..................................................................................................................50
Recliner Frame Style ...........................................................................................................................51
SECTION 11—RECLINER ................................................................. 52
Recliner Operation ..................................................................................................................................52
Replacing the Headrest Pillow...............................................................................................................53
Replacing the Headrest/Back Upholstery ...........................................................................................54
Headrest Upholstery...........................................................................................................................54
Back Upholstery ...................................................................................................................................54
Removing/Installing the Spreader Bar ..................................................................................................55
Removing ...............................................................................................................................................55
Installing..................................................................................................................................................55
Removing and Installing Armrest ..........................................................................................................56
Removing Armrest...............................................................................................................................56
Installing Armrest.................................................................................................................................56
Removing/Installing the Rear Wheels ..................................................................................................57
Removing ...............................................................................................................................................57
Installing..................................................................................................................................................57
Using/adjusting the Clamp-On Wheel Locks.....................................................................................58
Using the Clamp-On Wheel Locks..................................................................................................58
Adjusting the Clamp-On Wheel Locks...........................................................................................59
SECTION 12—OPTIONS ................................................................... 60
Installing Amputee Bracket.....................................................................................................................60
Installing Crutch and Cane Carrier ......................................................................................................61
Installing the Seat Positioning Strap......................................................................................................62
LIMITED WARRANTY ..................................................................... 63
Tracer® SX5
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Part No. 1110550
REGISTER YOUR PRODUCT
REGISTER YOUR PRODUCT
The benefits of registering:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Safeguard your investment.
Ensure long term maintenance and servicing of your purchase.
Receive updates with product information, maintenance tips, and industry news.
Invacare can contact you or your provider, if servicing is needed on your product.
It will enable Invacare to improve product designs based on your input and needs.
Register ONLINE at www.invacare.com
- or Complete and mail the form on the next page
Any registration information you submit will be used by Invacare Corporation only, and protected
as required by applicable laws and regulations.
Tracer® SX5
6
Part No. 1110550
PRODUCT REGISTRATION FORM
Register ONLINE at www.invacare.com - or Complete and mail this form
Name _______________________________________________________________
Address _____________________________________________________________
City ___________________ State/Province __________
Zip/Postal Code ________
Email ___________________________________ Phone No. _________________
Fold
here
Invacare Model No. ______________________ Serial No. __________________
Purchased From _________________________ Date of Purchase: ___________
Cut Along Line
1. Method of purchase: (check all that apply)
❏ Medicare
❏ Insurance
❏ Medicaid ❏ Other
__________________________
2. This product was purchased for use by: (check one)
❏ Self
❏ Parent
❏ Spouse
❏ Other
3. Product was purchased for use at:
❏ Home
❏ Facility
❏ Other
4. I purchased an Invacare product because:
❏ Price
❏ Features (list features) _________________________________________
5. Who referred you to Invacare products? (check all that apply)
❏ Doctor ❏ Therapist ❏ Friend ❏ Relative ❏ Dealer/Provider ❏ Other_________
❏ Advertisement (circle one): TV, Radio, Magazine, Newspaper
❏ No Referral_____
6. What additional features, if any, would you like to see on this product?
__________________________________________________________________________ Fold
7. Would you like information sent to you about Invacare products that may be available for a here
particular medical condition? ❏ Yes ❏ No
If yes, please list any condition(s) here and we will send you information by email and/or mail about
any available Invacare products that may help treat, care for or manage such condition(s):
__________________________________________________________________________
8. Would you like to receive updated information via email or regular mail about the Invacare
home medical products sold by Invacare's dealers? ❏ Yes ❏ No
9. What would you like to see on the Invacare website?
__________________________________________________________________________
10. Would you like to be part of future online surveys for Invacare products? ❏ Yes ❏ No
11. User's Year of birth: ______________________________________________________
If at any time you wish not to receive future mailings from us, please contact us at Invacare Corporation,
CRM Department, 39400 Taylor Parkway, Elyria, OH 44035, or fax to 877-619-7996 and we will remove
you from our mailing list.
To find more information about our products, visit www.invacare.com.
Part No. 1110550
7
Tracer® SX5
Cut Along Line
Fold
here
Fold
here
Invacare Product Registration Form
Please Seal with
Tape Before Mailing
Tracer® SX5
8
Part No. 1110550
SPECIAL NOTES
SPECIAL NOTES
Signal words are used in this manual and apply to hazards or unsafe practices which
could result in personal injury or property damage. Refer to the following table for
definitions of the signal words.
SIGNAL WORD
DANGER
MEANING
Danger indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in
death or serious injury.
WARNING
Warning indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in
death or serious injury.
CAUTION
Caution indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in
property damage.
NOTICE
THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT IS SUBJECT TO
CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE.
WHEELCHAIR USER
As a manufacturer of wheelchairs, Invacare endeavors to supply a wide variety of
wheelchairs to meet many needs of the end user. However, final selection of the
type of wheelchair to be used by an individual rests solely with the user and his/her
healthcare professional capable of making such a selection.
WHEELCHAIR TIE-DOWN RESTRAINTS AND SEAT RESTRAINTS
Wheelchair users should NOT be transported in vehicles of any kind while in
wheelchairs. As of this date, the Department of Transportation has not approved
any tie-down systems for transportation of a user while in a wheelchair, in a moving
vehicle of any type.
It is Invacare’s position that users of wheelchairs should be transferred into
appropriate seating in vehicles for transportation and use be made of the restraints
made available by the auto industry. Invacare cannot and does not recommend any
wheelchair transportation systems.
SEAT POSITIONING STRAP
ALWAYS wear your seat positioning strap. Inasmuch as the seat positioning strap is
an option on this wheelchair (you may order with or without the seat positioning
strap), Invacare strongly recommends ordering the seat positioning strap as an
additional safeguard for the wheelchair user. The seat positioning strap is a
positioning belt only. It is not designed for use as a safety device withstanding high
stress loads such as auto or aircraft safety belts. If signs of wear appear, belt MUST
be replaced immediately.
As regards restraints - seat positioning straps - it is the obligation of the DME
dealer, therapists and other healthcare professionals to determine if a seating
restraint is required to ensure the safe operation of this equipment by the user.
Serious injury can occur in the event of a fall from a wheelchair.
Part No. 1110550
9
Tracer® SX5
SPECIAL NOTES
WARNING
Invacare products are specifically designed and manufactured for use in conjunction
with Invacare accessories. Accessories designed by other manufacturers have not
been tested by Invacare and are not recommended for use with Invacare products.
Tracer® SX5
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Part No. 1110550
LABEL LOCATION
LABEL LOCATION
Crossmember
IMPORTANT NOTICE
The wheel locks on this wheelchair have been
pre-set at the factory to comply with the
Veterans Administration functional Standard
8320.01 of the Federal Register, paragraph
3.2.4.5.3. If these wheel locks do not meet
your needs, follow instructions below.
!
Lower Frame
Tube
CAUTION
Any wheel lock adjustments should embed
wheel lock shoe at least 1/8" into tire when
locked (3/16" on pneumatic tires).
INSTRUCTIONS FOR WHEEL
LOCK ADJUSTMENTS
1.
2.
3.
4.
Loosen wheel lock mounting fastener,
which runs through mounting bracket and
frame.
Slide clamp toward rear wheel until wheel
lock shoe is embedded into tire material at
least 1/8" when handle is engaged to the
lock position (3/16" for pneumatic tires).
Tighten mounting fastener to secure
mounting bracket in desired location and
recheck lock shoe embedding.
Inspect for correct locking action BEFORE
actual use.
NOTE: On all adjustable
anti-tippers
00078X021-0394
WARNING
Refer to Owner's Manual
for proper anti-tipper
setting.
1085379
WARNING
DO NOT OPERATE WITHOUT
THE ANTI-TIP TUBES
INSTALLED. P/N 60106X144
REV. 5/98
Part No. 1110550
11
Tracer® SX5
TYPICAL PRODUCT PARAMETERS
TYPICAL PRODUCT PARAMETERS
TRACER EX5
RECLINER
OVERALL WIDTH:
OVERALL DEPTH
(WITHOUT FRONT RIGGINGS)
TRACER EX5
22-1/2, 24-1/2, 26-1/2, 28-1/2, or 30-1/2 inches
34 inches
30-1/4 inches
SEAT WIDTH
14, 16, 18, 20 or 22 inches
SEAT DEPTH
16 and 18 inches
SEAT-TO-FLOOR (WITH 24-INCH WHEELS)
ADULT:
19-1/2 inches
HEMI:
N/A
17-1/2/ inches
BACK HEIGHT
23 inches
(34 inches with headrest)
16 or 18 inches
ARM STYLES
Fixed or Adjustable Height
Desk or Full Length
Removable
Fixed or Adjustable Height
Desk or Full Length
Flip Back
FRONT RIGGINGS
Swingaways Footrests and Elevating Legrests
REAR AXLE
Permanent
REAR WHEELS
20, 22 and 24*-inch Composite*, Urethane*, Pneumatic or
Pneumatic-Flat Free Insert
HANDRIMS
Permanent* and Quick
Release
Composite*
WHEEL LOCKS
High Mount, Push or Pull to Lock
CASTER SIZE
8x1-1/4 inch Urethane*,
8x1-1/4 inch Pneumatic or
Pneumatic-Flat Free Insert
8x1-3/4 inch Semi Pneumatic
(standard on 20 and 22 inch
width chairs)
6x1 inch Urethane,
8x1 inch Urethane,
8x1 inch Solid Rubber* and
8x1-1/4 inch Pneumatic
(standard on 20 and 22
inch width chairs)
UPHOLSTERY
Vinyl
Black Nylon
FRAME COLORS
Chrome
Chrome
WEIGHT**
51 pounds
33-3/4 pounds
SHIPPING WEIGHT*** (APPROX.)
61 pounds
43-1/2 pounds
*NOTE: These options are standard for this model.
**NOTE: The seat-to-floor heights are based on urethane tires. If the wheelchair is equipped wih
pneumatic (properly inflated) or solid rubber tires, add 1/4 inch to the measurements listed above.
These heights can vary +/- ¼-inch due to tire wear and manufacturing tolerances.
***NOTE: Weights based on 18 x 16 inch wheelchair without front riggings. Weights will vary
depending on how wheelchair is equipped.
Tracer® SX5
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Part No. 1110550
SECTION 1—GENERAL GUIDELINES
SECTION 1—GENERAL GUIDELINES
WARNING
SECTION 1 - GENERAL GUIDELINES contains important information for the safe
operation and use of this product. DO NOT use this product or any available
optional equipment without first completely reading and understanding these
instructions and any additional instructional material such as owner’s manuals, service manuals or instruction sheets supplied with this product or optional equipment. If you are unable to understand the Warnings, Cautions or Instructions,
contact a healthcare professional, dealer or technical personnel before attempting
to use this equipment. Otherwise, injury or damage may occur.
Information for Healthcare Professionals/Assistants
The Tracer SX Recliner wheelchair MUST be operated by a healthcare professional or
assistant when in ANY reclined position.
Make sure the patient is properly positioned in the wheelchair before reclining or
inclining (reverse recline) to maintain maximum stability and safety.
Assistants MUST be prepared to support the weight of the occupant when reclining, or
returning the occupant of the wheelchair to the full upright position. Make sure to use
proper body mechanics (use your legs) or seek assistance if necessary to avoid injury.
ALWAYS engage both wheel locks while reclining or inclining (reverse recline) the
wheelchair.
Part No. 1110550
13
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 1—GENERAL GUIDELINES
Stability - All Models
CASTER SIZE
CASTER POSITION
WHEEL SIZE
WHEEL POSITION
ANTI-TIPPERS
USER CONDITION
The size/position of the front casters, size/position of the rear wheels, use of anti-tipper
model, as well as the user condition directly relate to the stability of the wheelchair. Any
change to one or any combination of the six may cause the wheelchair to decrease in
stability. These adjustments must be performed by a qualified technician.
NOTE: When changes to
the left hand column occur,
follow across the chart and
refer to the procedure that
is checked (9) to maintain
the proper stability, safety
and handling of the
wheelchair.
CASTER SIZE
•
X
X
X
X
X
CASTER POSITION
X
•
X
X
X
X
WHEEL SIZE
X
X
•
X
X
X
ANTI-TIPPERS
X
X
X
•
X
X
USER CONDITION
X
X
X
X
X
•
The various seat-to-floor heights require specific settings depending on rear wheel size,
rear wheel position, front caster size/position and desired seat-to-floor angle. These
adjustments MUST be performed by a qualified technician.
Anti-Tippers
Anti-tippers are specific to the different seat-to-floor angles and/or seat-to-floor heights.
Refer to the charts in Installing/Adjusting Anti-Tippers on page 45 for correct usage and
adjustment. If these requirements cannot be achieved, DO NOT use the wheelchair.
Contact a qualified technician. If changing the seat-to-floor height with or without a
change to seat-to-floor angle, the correct anti-tippers MUST be used to maintain a 1½ to
2-inch ground clearance.
Anti-tippers MUST be attached at all times. Inasmuch as the anti-tippers are an option on
this wheelchair (you may order with or without the anti-tippers), Invacare strongly
recommends ordering the anti-tippers as a safeguard for the wheelchair user.
ALWAYS use anti-tippers. When outdoors on wet, soft ground or on gravel surfaces, anti
tippers may not provide the same level of protection against tipover. Extra caution must
be observed when traversing such surfaces.
Tracer® SX5
14
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 1—GENERAL GUIDELINES
Operating Information
After ANY adjustments, repair or service and BEFORE use, make sure all attaching
hardware is tightened securely - otherwise injury or damage may result.
Unless otherwise noted, all service and adjustment should be performed while the
wheelchair is unoccupied.
To determine and establish your particular safety limits, practice bending, reaching and
transferring activities in several combinations in the presence of a qualified healthcare
professional before attempting active use of the wheelchair.
When cleaning rear cane or hand grip areas use only a clean towel lightly dampened with
cool water. Verify that grips are dry prior to use. Use of soap or ammonia based cleaning
solutions will result in the hand grips sliding off the cane assembly. Failure to observe this
warning may result in injury to the user or bystanders.
If the wheelchair is exposed to extreme temperature (above 100°F or below 32°F), high
humidity and/or becomes wet, prior to use, ensure that the handgrips do not twist on the
handle. Otherwise, damage or injury may occur.
Avoid storing or using the wheelchair near open flame or combustible products. Serious
injury or damage to property may result.
ALWAYS keep hands and fingers clear of moving parts to avoid injury.
DO NOT traverse, climb or go down ramps or slopes greater than 9°.
DO NOT attempt to move up or down an incline with a water, ice or oil film.
DO NOT operate on roads, streets or highways.
DO NOT attempt to ride over curbs or obstacles. Doing so may cause your wheelchair to
tip over and cause bodily harm to you or damage to the wheelchair.
DO NOT attempt to reach objects if you have to move forward in the seat.
DO NOT attempt to reach objects if you have to pick them up from the floor by reaching
down between your knees.
DO NOT lean over the top of the back upholstery to reach objects behind you, as this may
cause the wheelchair to tip over.
DO NOT shift your weight or sitting position toward direction you are reaching as the
wheelchair may tip over.
DO NOT attempt to stop a moving wheelchair with wheel locks. Wheel locks are not
brakes.
DO NOT tip the wheelchair without assistance.
DO NOT use an escalator to move a wheelchair between floors. Serious bodily injury may
occur.
Before attempting to transfer in or out of the wheelchair, every precaution should be
taken to reduce the gap distance. Turn both casters parallel to the object you are
transferring onto. When transferring to and from the wheelchair, ALWAYS engage both
wheel locks.
Part No. 1110550
15
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 1—GENERAL GUIDELINES
DO NOT attempt to lift the wheelchair by any removable (detachable) parts. Lifting by
means of any removable (detachable) parts of the wheelchair may result in injury to the
user or damage to the wheelchair.
DO NOT stand on the frame of the wheelchair.
DO NOT use the footplate as a platform. When getting in or out of the wheelchair, make
sure that the footplates are in the upward position.
ALWAYS wear your seat positioning strap. Inasmuch as the seat positioning strap is an
option on this wheelchair (you may order with or without the seat positioning strap),
Invacare strongly recommends ordering the seat positioning strap as an additional
safeguard for the wheelchair user. The seat positioning strap is a positioning belt only. It
is not designed for use as a safety device withstanding high stress loads such as auto or
aircraft safety belts. If signs of wear appear, belt must be replaced immediately.
ALWAYS use the handrims for self-propulsion. Inasmuch as the handrims are an option
on this wheelchair (you may order with or without the handrims), Invacare strongly
recommends ordering the handrims as an additional safeguard for the wheelchair user.
Weight Training
Invacare does not recommend the use of its wheelchairs as a weight training apparatus.
Invacare wheelchairs have not been designed or tested as a seat for any kind of weight
training. If occupant uses said wheelchair as a weight training apparatus, Invacare shall
not be liable for bodily injury or damage to the wheelchair and the warranty is void.
Weight Limitation
The Tracer SX5 and Tracer SX5 Recliner wheelchairs have the following weight
limitations:
For chairs with a width of 14 to 18-inches, the weight limitation is 250 lbs (114 kg).
For chairs with a width of 20 to 22-inches, the weight limitation is 300 lbs (136 kg).
Tracer® SX5
16
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 2—SAFETY/HANDLING OF WHEELCHAIRS
SECTION 2—SAFETY/HANDLING OF
WHEELCHAIRS
Safety/Handling of Wheelchairs
Safety and handling of the wheelchair require the close attention of the wheelchair user
as well as the assistant. This manual points out the most common procedures and
techniques involved in the safe operation and maintenance of the wheelchair. It is
important to practice and master these safe techniques until you are comfortable in
maneuvering around the frequently encountered architectural barriers.
Use this information only as a basic guide. The techniques that are discussed on the
following pages have been used successfully by many.
Individual wheelchair users often develop skills to deal with daily living activities that
may differ from those described in this manual. Invacare recognizes and encourages each
individual to try what works best for him/her in overcoming architectural obstacles that
they may encounter. However, all warnings and cautions given in this manual MUST be
heeded. Techniques in this manual are a starting point for the new wheelchair user and
assistant with “safety” as the most important consideration for all.
Stability and Balance
WARNING
ALWAYS wear your Seat Positioning Strap. Inasmuch as the Seat Positioning Strap
is an option on this wheelchair (You may order with or without the Seat Positioning
Strap), Invacare strongly recommends ordering the Seat Positioning Strap as an
additional safeguard for the wheelchair user.
ALWAYS wear your seat positioning strap. Inasmuch as the seat positioning strap is an
option on this wheelchair (you may order with or without the seat positioning strap),
Invacare strongly recommends ordering the seat positioning strap as an additional
safeguard for the wheelchair user. The seat positioning strap is a positioning belt only. It
is not designed for use as a safety device withstanding high stress loads such as auto or
aircraft safety belts. If signs of wear appear, belt MUST be replaced immediately.
To assure stability and proper operation of your wheelchair, you MUST maintain proper
balance at all times. Your wheelchair has been designed to remain upright and stable
during normal daily activities as long as you do not move beyond the center of gravity.
Virtually all activities which involve movement in the wheelchair have an effect on the
center of gravity. Invacare recommends using seat/chest positioning straps for additional
safety while involved in activities that shift your weight.
Part No. 1110550
17
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 2—SAFETY/HANDLING OF WHEELCHAIRS
DO NOT lean forward out of the wheelchair any further than the length of the armrests.
Make sure the casters are pointing in the forward position whenever you lean forward.
This can be achieved by advancing the wheelchair and then reversing it in a straight line.
Coping With Everyday Obstacles
Coping with the irritation of everyday obstacles can be alleviated somewhat by learning how to
manage your wheelchair. Keep in mind your center of gravity to maintain stability and balance.
A Note to Wheelchair Assistants
When assistance to the wheelchair user is required, remember to use good body
mechanics. Keep your back straight and bend your knees whenever tipping the
wheelchair or traversing curbs, or other impediments.
DO NOT attempt to lift the wheelchair by any removable (detachable) parts. Lifting by
means of any removable (detachable) parts of the wheelchair may result in injury to the
user or damage to the wheelchair.
If the wheelchair is exposed to extreme temperature (above 100°F or below 32°F), high
humidity and/or becomes wet, prior to use, ensure handgrips do not twist on the
wheelchair’s handle - otherwise damage or injury may occur.
Also, be aware of detachable parts such as armrests or legrests. These must NEVER be
used to move the wheelchair or as lifting supports, as they may be inadvertently released,
resulting in possible injury to the user and/or assistant(s).
When learning a new assistance technique, have an experienced assistant help you before
attempting it alone.
WARNING
DO NOT attempt to reach objects if you have to move forward in the seat or pick
them up from the floor by reaching down between your knees.
The seat depth, back height/angle, seat angle, size/position of the front casters,
size/position of the rear wheels, anti-tipper model, as well as the user condition
directly relate to the stability of the wheelchair. Any change to one or any combination of the ten may cause the wheelchair to decrease in stability. These adjustments
MUST be performed by a qualified technician.
Many activities require the wheelchair owner to reach, bend and transfer in and out of the
wheelchair. These movements will cause a change to the normal balance, the center of gravity,
and the weight distribution of the wheelchair. To determine and establish your particular safety
limits, practice bending, reaching and transferring activities in several combinations in the
presence of a qualified healthcare professional before attempting active use of the wheelchair.
Proper positioning is essential for your safety. When reaching, leaning, or bending
forward, it is important to use the front casters as a tool to maintain stability and balance.
Tracer® SX5
18
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 2—SAFETY/HANDLING OF WHEELCHAIRS
Reaching, Leaning and Bending Forward
WARNING
DO NOT attempt to reach objects if
you have to move forward in the seat or
pick them up from the floor by reaching
down between your knees.
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to
FIGURE 2.1.
Position the front casters so that they are
extended as far forward as possible and
engage wheel locks.
FIGURE 2.1 Reaching, Leaning and Bending
Forward
Reaching and Leaning Backwards
WARNING
DO NOT lean over the top of the back
upholstery to reach objects behind you,
as this may cause the wheelchair to tip
over.
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to
FIGURE 2.2.
Position wheelchair as close as possible to
the desired object. Point front casters
forward to create the longest possible
wheelbase. Reach back only as far as your
arm will extend without changing your
sitting position.
FIGURE 2.2 Reaching and Leaning
Backwards
Tipping
WARNING
DO NOT tip the wheelchair without assistance.
When tipping the wheelchair, an assistant should grasp the back of the wheelchair on a
non-removable (non-detachable) part. Inform the wheelchair occupant before tipping the
wheelchair and remind him/her to lean back. Be sure the occupant’s feet and hands are
clear of all wheels and/or pinch points.
Part No. 1110550
19
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 2—SAFETY/HANDLING OF WHEELCHAIRS
After mastering the techniques of tipping the wheelchair, use one of the following
methods to tackle curbs, short stairs, etc.
Method 1 - Wheelchair With Step Tubes
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 2.3.
Place foot on the step tube and begin to tilt the wheelchair toward you. Apply a
continuous downward motion until the balance point is achieved and the front casters
clear the curb. At this point, the assistant will feel a difference in the weight distribution.
WARNING
When lowering the front casters of the
wheelchair, DO NOT let the wheelchair
drop the last few inches to the ground.
This could result in injury to the occupant and/or damage to the wheelchair.
Roll the wheelchair forward and slowly
lower the front of the wheelchair in one
continuous movement onto the sidewalk.
Push the wheelchair forward until the rear
wheels roll up and over the curb.
Step Tube
FIGURE 2.3 Method 1 - Wheelchair With
Step Tubes
Method 2 - Wheelchair Without Step Tubes
WARNING
ALWAYS check hand grips for looseness before using the wheelchair. If loose
and/or worn, replace immediately.
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 2.4.
This method requires two assistants. The
second assistant should be positioned at
the front of the wheelchair lifting upward
on a non-removable (non-detachable) part
of the wheelchair frame when lifting the
wheelchair and stabilizing the wheelchair
when the wheelchair is being lowered to
the ground.
FIGURE 2.4 Method 2 - Wheelchair
Without Step Tubes
Tracer® SX5
20
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 2—SAFETY/HANDLING OF WHEELCHAIRS
The first assistant should stand on the sidewalk and turn the wheelchair so that the rear
wheels are against the curb. Turn the anti-tippers so the anti-tip wheels are pointing up.
The wheelchair should be tilted back to the balance point and, in one continuous upward
movement, the rear wheels should be pulled up and over the curb. DO NOT return the
front casters to the ground until the wheelchair has been pulled backward far enough for
the front casters to clear the edge of the curb.
WARNING
When lowering the front casters of the wheelchair, DO NOT let the wheelchair
drop the last few inches to the ground. This could result in injury to the occupant
and/or damage to the wheelchair.
Roll the wheelchair backward and slowly lower the wheelchair in one continuous
movement. Turn the anti-tippers so the anti-tip wheels are facing down.
Stairways
WARNING
ALWAYS wear your seat positioning strap. Inasmuch as the seat positioning strap is
an option on this wheelchair (you may order with or without the seat positioning
strap), Invacare strongly recommends ordering the seat positioning strap as an
additional safeguard for the wheelchair user. The seat positioning strap is a
positioning belt only. It is not designed for use as a safety device withstanding high
stress loads such as auto or aircraft safety belts. If signs of wear appear, belt MUST
be replaced immediately.
DO NOT attempt to lift a wheelchair by lifting on any removable (detachable)
parts. Lifting by means of any removable (detachable) parts of the wheelchair may
result in injury to the user or damage to the wheelchair.
ALWAYS check hand grips for looseness before using the wheelchair. If loose
and/or worn, replace immediately.
Extreme caution is advised when it is necessary to move an occupied wheelchair up
or down the stairs. Invacare recommends that, if possible, the user be removed
from the wheelchair prior to moving. Invacare recommends using two assistants
and making thorough preparations. Make sure to use only secure, non-detachable
parts for hand-held supports.
Part No. 1110550
21
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 2—SAFETY/HANDLING OF WHEELCHAIRS
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 2.5.
Follow this procedure for moving the
wheelchair between floors when an
elevator is not available:
1. If necessary, rotate the anti-tippers so
the wheels are facing up.
2. After the wheelchair has been tilted
back to the balance point, one assistant
(in the rear) backs the wheelchair up
against the first step, while securely
grasping a non-removable
(non-detachable) part of the wheelchair
for leverage.
FIGURE 2.5 Stairways
3. The second assistant, with a firm hold on a non-detachable part of the framework, lifts
the wheelchair up and over the stair and steadies the wheelchair as the first assistant
places one foot on the next stair and repeats STEP 1.
4. The wheelchair should not be lowered until the last stair has been negotiated and the
wheelchair has been rolled away from the stairway.
5. If necessary, rotate the anti-tippers so the wheels are facing down.
Escalators
WARNING
DO NOT use an escalator to move a wheelchair between floors. Serious bodily
injury may occur.
Transferring To and From Other Seats
WARNING
Before attempting to transfer in or out of the wheelchair, every precaution should
be taken to reduce the gap distance. Turn both casters parallel to the object you are
transferring onto. Also be certain the wheel locks are engaged to help prevent the
wheels from moving.
CAUTION
When transferring, position yourself as far back as possible in the seat. This will help
prevent damaged upholstery and the possibility of the wheelchair tipping forward.
Tracer® SX5
22
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 2—SAFETY/HANDLING OF WHEELCHAIRS
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 2.6.
NOTE: This activity may be performed independently provided you have adequate mobility and
upper body strength.
Position the wheelchair as close as possible
alongside the seat to which you are
transferring, with the front casters
pointing parallel to it. Remove or flip up
the armrest. Engage wheel locks. Swing
away or remove front rigging. Shift body
weight into seat with transfer.
During independent transfer, little or no
seat platform will be beneath you. Use a
transfer board if at all possible.
FIGURE 2.6 Transferring To and From
Other Seats
Unfolding and Folding Wheelchair
WARNING
ALWAYS keep hands and fingers clear of moving parts to avoid injury.
DO NOT place hand or fingers on the underside of the seat frame rail when opening
or closing the wheelchair.
DO NOT sit or transfer into the wheelchair unless it is fully open and the seat frame
rails are fully seated into the side frame H-blocks.
Invacare recommends that a non-folding device be installed to keep the wheelchair
from being folded when left unoccupied in a public place.
Unfolding
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 2.7 on page 24.
1. Tilt the wheelchair toward you (raising the opposite wheel and caster off the
ground/floor).
2. Place your hand on the top of the seat rail closest to you where the seat upholstery is
attached.
3. Point your fingers and thumb to the inside of the wheelchair.
4. Press downward on the top of the seat rail until the wheelchair is fully open and the
seat rails are fully seated in the H-blocks.
5. Tracer SX5 RECLINERS ONLY - Install spreader bar. Refer to Removing/Installing the
spreader bar in section 10 of this manual.
6. Engage both wheel locks, open the footrest/legrest for clearance and transfer into the
wheelchair. Refer to Transferring To and From Other Seats on page 22.
Part No. 1110550
23
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 2—SAFETY/HANDLING OF WHEELCHAIRS
Seat Rail
H-Blocks
NOTE: DO NOT wrap thumb or fingers
under the seat rail. Point fingers and thumb to
the inside of the wheelchair.
NOTE: Press down on the seat rail and the
seat upholstery with the entire hand. DO
NOT place any part of the hand under the
seat rail.
FIGURE 2.7 Unfolding
Folding Wheelchair
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 2.8 on page 25.
1. Tracer SX5 RECLINERS ONLY - Perform the following steps:
A. Push in detent pin on one side of spreader bar.
B. While holding the spreader bar, pull out handle until the release pin is out of the
handle of the back cane.
C. Drop the spreader bar to one side.
2. Swing footrest/legrest in locked position to the front of the wheelchair.
3. Pivot footplates upward to vertical position.
4. With both hands, grasp the middle of the seat upholstery at the front and back edge
and lift up.
CAUTION
DO NOT allow upholstery to hang between the cross braces.
5. Place excess seat upholstery over the armrest.
Tracer® SX5
24
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 2—SAFETY/HANDLING OF WHEELCHAIRS
Spreader Bar
Detent Pin
FIGURE 2.8 Folding Wheelchair
Folding Hammock or Sling Seat Models.
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 2.9.
1. Swing footrest/legrest and calfpads in
locked position to the front of the
wheelchair.
2. Pivot footplates upward to vertical
position.
3. With both hands, grasp the middle of
the seat upholstery at the front and
back edge and lift up.
4. Continue to close the wheelchair by
grasping the armrest furthest from you
and pulling the armrest towards you.
Part No. 1110550
FIGURE 2.9 Folding Hammock or Sling
Seat Models.
25
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 3—SAFETY INSPECTION/TROUBLESHOOTING
SECTION 3—SAFETY
INSPECTION/TROUBLESHOOTING
NOTE: Every six months or as necessary, take your wheelchair to a qualified technician for a
thorough inspection and servicing. Regular cleaning will reveal loose or worn parts and enhance
the smooth operation of your wheelchair. To operate properly and safely, your wheelchair must be
cared for just like any other vehicle. Routine maintenance will extend the life and efficiency of your
wheelchair.
Safety Inspection Checklist
Initial adjustments should be made to suit your personal body structure and preference.
Thereafter follow these maintenance procedures:
Inspect/Adjust Initially
❑ Ensure that the wheelchair rolls straight (no excessive drag or pull to one side).
❑ Inspect for loose or missing hardware on frame and crossbraces.
❑ Inspect for bent frame or crossbraces.
❑ Check that the wheel locks do not interfere with tires when rolling.
❑ Check that the wheel lock pivot points are free of wear and looseness.
❑ Check that the wheel locks are easy to engage.
❑ Ensure that the wheel locks prevent the wheelchair from moving when engaged.
❑ Inspect the seat and back for rips and sagging.
❑ Inspect the seat and back for loose or broken hardware.
❑ Inspect the back cane hand grips for wear/looseness/deterioration.
❑ Inspect seat positioning strap for any signs of wear. Ensure buckle latches. Verify
hardware that attaches strap to frame is secure and undamaged. Replace if necessary.
❑ Inspect tires for flat spots and wear.
❑ Check pneumatic tires for proper inflation.
CAUTION
As with any vehicle, check the wheels and tires periodically for cracks and wear.
Replace if damaged.
❑ Check that there is no excessive side movement or binding in the rear wheels when
lifted and spun.
❑ Inspect rear wheels for cracked, bent or broken spokes.
❑ Ensure all spokes are uniformly tight.
Tracer® SX5
26
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 3—SAFETY INSPECTION/TROUBLESHOOTING
❑ Inspect handrims for signs of rough edges or peeling.
❑ Inspect axle assembly for proper tension by spinning caster. Caster should come to a
gradual stop.
❑ Adjust front casters/forks bearing system if wheel wobbles noticeably or binds to a
stop.
❑ Ensure wheel bearings are clean and free of moisture.
❑ Check headtube locknuts for tightness.
❑ Inspect casters for cracks and wear.
❑ Inspect front casters for cracked, bent or broken spokes.
❑ Clean upholstery and armrests.
❑ Check that all labels are present and legible. Replace if necessary.
Inspect/Adjust Weekly
❑ Ensure that the wheel locks prevent the wheelchair from moving when engaged.
❑ Inspect tires for flat spots and wear.
❑ Check pneumatic tires for proper inflation.
❑ Inspect rear wheels for cracked, bent or broken spokes.
❑ Ensure all spokes are uniformly tight.
❑ Inspect axle assembly for proper tension by spinning caster. Caster should come to a
gradual stop.
❑ Inspect front caster for cracked, bent or broken spokes.
Inspect/Adjust Monthly
❑ Ensure that the wheelchair rolls straight (no excessive drag or pull to one side).
❑ Check that the wheel locks do not interfere with tires when rolling.
❑ Check that the wheel lock pivot points are free of wear and looseness.
❑ Inspect seat and back for loose or broken hardware.
❑ Inspect seat positioning strap for any signs of wear. Ensure buckle latches. Verify
hardware that attaches strap to frame is secure and undamaged. Replace if necessary.
❑ Inspect back cane hand grips for wear/looseness/deterioration.
❑ Adjust front casters/forks bearing system if wheel wobbles noticeably or binds to a
stop.
❑ Ensure wheel bearings are clean and free of moisture.
❑ Check headtube locknuts for tightness.
Inspect/Adjust Periodically
❑ Inspect frame and crossbraces for loose or missing hardware.
Part No. 1110550
27
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 3—SAFETY INSPECTION/TROUBLESHOOTING
❑ Inspect for bent frame or crossbraces.
❑ Check that wheel locks are easy to engage.
❑ Inspect seat and backs for rips and sagging.
❑ Check that there is no excessive side movement or binding in the rear wheels when
lifted and spun.
❑ Inspect handrims for signs of rough edges or peeling.
❑ Adjust front casters/forks bearing system if wheel wobbles noticeably or binds to a
stop.
❑ Ensure wheel bearings are clean and free of moisture.
❑ Inspect casters for cracks and wear.
❑ Clean upholstery and armrests.
❑ Check that all labels are present and legible. Replace if necessary.
Troubleshooting
Chair
Veers
Right/
Left
Chair 3
Wheels
X
X
X
Tracer® SX5
X
X
Sluggish Turn or
Performance
Casters
Flutter
X
X
X
X
Squeaks
and
Rattles
Looseness
in
Chair
Solutions
Check tires for
correct and equal
pressure
X
X
Check for loose nuts
and bolts.
Check caster headtube
angle.
X
Check that rear
wheels are equally
spaced away from seat
frame.
X
28
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 3—SAFETY INSPECTION/TROUBLESHOOTING
Maintenance
Maintenance Safety Precautions
WARNING
After any adjustments, repair or service and before use, make sure all attaching
hardware is tightened securely. Otherwise injury or damage may result.
CAUTION
DO NOT overtighten hardware attaching to the frame. This could cause damage to
the frame tubing.
Suggested Maintenance Procedures
1. Before using your wheelchair, make sure all nuts and bolts are tight. Check all parts
for damage or wear and replace. Check all parts for proper adjustment.
CAUTION
As with any vehicle, the rear wheels, casters and tires should be checked periodically for cracks and wear, and should be replaced if damaged.
2. The rear wheels, casters and tires should be checked periodically for cracks and wear,
and should be replaced by a qualified technician if damaged.
NOTE: Tire wear is excessive if:
• Pneumatic Tires - there is missing tread or the tires are bald.
• Urethane Tires - there are cuts, surface defects or the tires are loose on the rims.
• Rubber Tires - 30% or more of the tire has worn away.
NOTE: Invacare recommends that tires and casters be replaced every five years.
3. Periodically adjust wheel locks in correlation to tire wear. Refer to Adjusting
Patient-Operated Wheel Locks on page 48.
4. Periodically check handrims to ensure they are secured to the rear wheels. If loose,
have them tightened by a qualified technician.
5. Periodically check caster wheel bearings to make sure they are clean and free from
moisture. Use a Teflon™ lubricant if necessary.
WARNING
When cleaning rear cane or hand grip areas use only a clean towel lightly dampened
with cool water. Verify that grips are dry prior to use. Use of soap or ammonia
based cleaning solutions will result in the hand grips sliding off the cane assembly.
Failure to observe this warning may result in injury to the user or bystanders.
6. Hand grips should be checked monthly for wear/looseness/deterioration. Clean if
desired. Replace if looseness or deterioration is found.
7. Check upholstery for sagging, rips or tears.
Part No. 1110550
29
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 4—FRONT RIGGINGS
SECTION 4—FRONT RIGGINGS
WARNING
After any adjustments, repair or service and before use, make sure all attaching
hardware is tightened securely. Otherwise injury or damage may occur.
Installing/Removing Front Riggings
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 4.1.
Installing
1. Turn the front rigging assembly to the
side (open front rigging is
perpendicular to wheelchair).
Front Rigging
Release Lever
2. Install the hinge plates on the front
rigging assembly onto the hinge pins
on the wheelchair frame.
Front Rigging
Assembly
Hinge
Pins
3. Push the front rigging assembly
towards the inside of the wheelchair
until it locks into place.
Hinge
Plates
Footplate
NOTE: The footplate will be on the inside of the
wheelchair when locked in place.
4. Repeat this procedure for the other
front rigging assembly.
NOTE: Swingaway footrest shown.
FIGURE 4.1 Installing/Removing Front
Riggings
5. To release the front rigging, push the
front rigging release lever inward,
rotate front rigging outward.
Removing
1. Push the front rigging release lever inward
2. Rotate swingaway front rigging assembly outward.
3. Lift the swingaway front rigging assembly off the hinge pins.
Tracer® SX5
30
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 4—FRONT RIGGINGS
Adjusting Footplate Height
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 4.2.
NOTE: This procedure applies to the swingaway front riggings and swingaway elevating legrest.
1. Remove the front rigging assembly. Refer to Installing/Removing Front Riggings on
page 30.
NOTE: Lay the front rigging assembly on a flat surface to simplify this procedure.
2. Pull the cam lock lever up to unlocked
position.
Front Rigging Support
NOTE: The elevating legrest has two sets of
release buttons, one set above the other. Each set
will be visible one at a time allowing finer
footplate height adjustment.
Release Button
Adjustment
Holes
3. Push in the release buttons and
reposition the footplate assembly to the
desired height.
4. Ensure that the release buttons fully
protrude from holes on both sides of
the front rigging support.
Footplate
Assembly
Cam Lock Lever
5. Rotate cam lock lever down to locked
position.
NOTE: Swingaway footrest shown.
FIGURE 4.2 Adjusting Footplate Height
6. Repeat this procedure for the other
footplate, if necessary.
7. Reinstall the swingaway front rigging assembly. Refer to Installing/Removing Front
Riggings on page 30.
Raising/Lowering Elevating Legrest Assembly
WARNING
Ensure hands and fingers are clear of elevating legrest mechanism before pushing
release lever to lower the elevating legrest. Otherwise injury may occur due to
pinch points.
The wheelchair user’s leg MUST be supported by an assistant before attempting to
lower legrest.
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 4.3 on page 32.
1. To raise the elevating legrest, the assistant should hold the support tube and raise the
elevating legrest until the desired height is obtained.
Part No. 1110550
31
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 4—FRONT RIGGINGS
2. To lower the elevating legrest, perform
the following:
Release Lever
A. Support user leg with one hand.
B. Push release lever downward with
other hand.
C. Gently, lower user leg down and
rest against the legrest.
Support Tube
FIGURE 4.3 Raising/Lowering Elevating
Legrest Assembly
Replacing Heel Loop
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 4.4 on page 32.
1. Pull the cam lock lever up to unlocked position.
2. Push in the release buttons and remove the footplate assembly from the front rigging
support.
3. Remove the mounting screw, spacer and locknut that secure the heel loop to the footplate.
4. Remove existing heel loop from slide tube.
5. Install new heel loop onto slide tube.
6. Install the mounting screw, spacer and locknut to secure the heel loop to the footplate.
Tighten until the spacer is secure.
7. Insert the lower footrest assembly into the upper footrest assembly to desired height.
8. Ensure that the release buttons fully protrude from holes on both sides of the upper
footrest support.
9. Rotate cam lock lever down to locked position.
Footplates with Spring Buttons
Front Rigging
Support
Mounting
Screw
Release Button
Adjustment
Holes
Cam Lock
Lever
Spacer
DETAIL “A”
Cam Lock
Lever
Heel Loop
Slide Tube
Footplate
Assembly
Footplate
Assembly
Locknut
NOTE: Swingaway footrest shown.
Footplate
FIGURE 4.4 Replacing Heel Loop
Tracer®
SX5
32
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 5—ARMS
SECTION 5—ARMS
WARNING
After any adjustments, repair or service and before use, make sure all attaching
hardware is tightened securely. Otherwise injury or damage may occur.
Using or Replacing Flip-Back Armrest
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 5.1 on page 34.
WARNING
DO NOT operate or replace flip-back armrest when wheelchair is folded otherwise injury or damage may result.
Ensure armrest is securely locked into arm socket and armrest release button locks
into place BEFORE using.
Using
1. Push down on front of armrest to ensure it is fully seated in front socket.
NOTE: This step is needed to prevent the release button from hanging up on the socket.
2. Press in armrest release button located on armrest front tube.
3. Rotate front of armrest up and out of arm socket.
NOTE: Armrest can rotate back approximately 90°.
4. To prepare armrest for use, rotate armrest downward, making sure front tube of
armrest inserts into arm socket.
5. Push armrest down until release button snaps into arm socket.
6. Ensure armrest is securely locked into arm socket and armrest release button locks
into place BEFORE using.
Replacing
1. Perform STEPS 1-2 above to flip the armrest back.
2. Remove hex screw, spacer and locknut securing the EXISTING armrest and insert to
the wheelchair frame.
3. Remove the EXISTING armrest from frame.
4. Inspect rear tube of new armrest to ensure insert is properly installed with mounting
holes aligned.
5. If not properly aligned, rotate the insert using a flat screwdriver to align the mounting
holes.
Part No. 1110550
33
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 5—ARMS
Armrest Release
Button
(Front or Back of the
Armrest Front Tube)
Armrest
Front Tube
Arm Socket
Armrest
Rear Tube
Armrest Mounting Bracket
Armrest
Rear Tube
Inside
of Chair
Hex
Screw
Nut
Spacer
FIGURE 5.1 Using or Replacing Flip-Back Armrest
Adjusting Armrest Height
WARNING
Locked (Vertical)
Make sure the height adjustment lever
is in the locked position before using the
wheelchair.
Armrest
Height
Adjustment
Lever
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to
FIGURE 5.2.
1. Unlock the armrest by flipping the
height adjustment lever on the top
front of the armrest to the up
(horizontal) position.
2. Adjust armrest to one of five positions.
Unlocked (Horizontal)
NOTE: Height adjustment lever MUST be in
the unlocked position when placing armrest
into the arm assembly.
FIGURE 5.2 Adjusting Armrest Height
3. Lock the armrest by pressing the height adjustment lever into the down (vertical)
position when the desired armrest height is achieved.
4. Repeat STEPS 1-3 for other armrest.
Tracer® SX5
34
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 6—SEAT AND BACK
SECTION 6—SEAT AND BACK
WARNING
After any adjustments, repair or service and before use, make sure all attaching
hardware is tightened securely. Otherwise injury or damage may occur.
NOTE: The procedures in this section apply to non-recliner models only. For recliner models, refer
to Recliner on page 52.
WARNING
After ANY adjustments, repair or service and BEFORE use, make sure all attaching
hardware is tightened securely - otherwise injury or damage may occur.
Installing the Back Canes
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 6.1.
1. Remove the hex screw and locknut from the bottom of one back cane.
2. Position threaded insert into the bottom of each back cane with nut facing the outside
of the wheelchair and aligned with the mounting hole in the bottom of the back cane.
3. Insert the back cane into the a mounting hole in the wheelchair frame.
4. Position the hex screw through the wheelchair frame, back cane, and threaded insert
as shown in FIGURE 1.
NOTE: The hex screw should be inserted from the inside of the wheelchair frame.
5. Torque the hex screw to 60-80-inch pounds.
6. Install the locknut onto the hex screw. Secure the hex screw to prevent it from backing
out and torque the locknut to 60-80-inch pounds.
Outside of
Wheelchair
Back Cane
Threaded Insert
Nut
Hex Screw
Inside of
Wheelchair
Locknut
Wheelchair Frame
FIGURE 6.1 Installing the Back Canes
Part No. 1110550
35
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 6—SEAT AND BACK
Replacing Back Upholstery
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 6.2.
1. Remove the eight mounting screws and
washers that secure the existing back
upholstery to the back canes.
Washers
Back Upholstery
2. Remove existing back upholstery from
the back canes.
3. Securely tighten the new back
upholstery to the back canes with the
phillips screws and washers.The
following chart determines the number
of mounting screws for each seat depth.
Mounting
Screws
Washers
FIGURE 6.2 Replacing Back Upholstery
Replacing Seat Upholstery
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 6.3.
1. Remove the eight phillips screws and
washers that secure the existing seat
upholstery to the crossbraces.
Mounting Screws
2. Remove the existing seat upholstery
from the crossbraces.
16-inch
Seat Depth
Seat
Upholstery
3. Ensure positioning of seat positioning
strap (if used). Refer to Installing the
Seat Positioning Strap on page 62.
Wheelchair
Frame
4. Install new seat upholstery by
reversing STEPS 1-2.
FIGURE 6.3 Replacing Seat Upholstery
Adjusting Seat Depth
WARNING
The seat depth, size/position of the front casters, size/position of the rear wheels,
use of an anti-tipper model, as well as the user condition directly relate to the stability of the wheelchair. Any change to one or any combination of the seven may cause
the wheelchair to decrease in stability. These adjustments must be performed by a
qualified technician.
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 6.4 on page 37.
1. Remove the existing seat upholstery from the wheelchair. Refer to Replacing Seat
Upholstery on page 36.
Tracer® SX5
36
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 6—SEAT AND BACK
NOTE: If adjusting the seat depth of the wheelchair, the seat upholstery MUST be changed as well.
2. Remove the two plug buttons from the ends of the crossbraces that are towards the
front of the wheelchair.
NOTE: The two plug buttons will be used in the ends of the seat extensions.
3. Install the two seat extension tubes into the ends on the crossbraces. Line up the rear
mounting hole of the seat extension tube with the second mounting hole from the end
of the crossbrace.
4. Install the two seat extension spacers onto the two seat extension tubes.
5. Install the new seat upholstery onto the wheelchair. Make sure to line up the mounting
holes in the seat extension tubes and seat extension spacers with the new seat
upholstery. Refer to Replacing Seat Upholstery on page 36.
6. Install plug buttons into the ends of the seat extension spacers.
Phillips Screws
Seat Upholstery
Crossbrace
Seat Extension Spacer
Second Mounting Hole from End
Rear Moutning Hole
Plug Button
Seat Extension Tube
FIGURE 6.4 Adjusting Seat Depth
Adjusting the Seat Width
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 6.5 on page 38 and FIGURE 6.6 on page 39.
NOTE: When adjusting the seat width of the wheelchair, the back and seat upholstery MUST be
changed. If applicable, the headrest pillow and headrest upholstery MUST be changed as well.
1. Remove the existing back and seat upholstery from the wheelchair. Refer to Replacing
Back Upholstery on page 36 and Replacing Seat Upholstery on page 36.
2. Remove the four button screws and locknuts that secure the two pivot links to the
wheelchair frame and crossbraces.
3. Remove the two button screws, locknuts and crossbrace saddle that secures the
bottom of the crossbrace to the wheelchair frame. Repeat for other crossbrace.
4. Remove the hex screw, coved washers, washers and locknut that secure the two
crossbraces together. See Detail ʺBʺ.
NOTE: Note the orientation of the coved washers, washers and locknut for assembling the NEW
crossbraces. See Detail ʺBʺ.
Part No. 1110550
37
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 6—SEAT AND BACK
5. Assemble the two new crossbraces together with the existing hex screw, coved washers,
washers and locknut. Securely tighten. Refer to Detail ʺBʺ for hardware orientation.
6. Determine the correct pivot link and mounting hole to use with the desired seat width.
See chart below.
7. Secure the pivot links to the crossbraces and wheelchair frame with the four button
screws and locknuts. Securely tighten.
NOTE: Position crossbrace saddle on wheelchair frame using the washer on the underside of the
wheelchair frame as a reference. See Detail ʺAʺ for proper positioning of the crossbrace saddle.
8. Reinstall the two button screws, locknuts and crossbrace saddle that secures the
bottom of the new crossbrace to the wheelchair frame. Refer to Detail ʺBʺ for hardware
orientation. Repeat for opposite crossbrace. Securely tighten.
9. Install the new back and seat upholstery onto the wheelchair. Refer to Replacing Back
Upholstery on page 36 and Replacing Seat Upholstery on page 36.
SEAT WIDTH
PIVOT LINK
14 - INCH
18 - INCH
14 inch
X
X
X
DO NOT USE
16 - INCH
18 - INCH
I
16 inch
18 inch
DO NOT USE
20- INCH
22 - INCH
20 inch
22 inch
FIGURE 6.5 Adjusting the Seat Width
Tracer® SX5
38
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 6—SEAT AND BACK
Crossbrace
(STEPS 4,5)
Button Screw
(STEPS 2,7)
Button Screw
(STEPS 2,7)
Locknut
(STEPS 2,7)
Pivot Lock
(STEPS 2,7)
Locknut
(STEPS 2,7)
Locknut
(STEPS 2,7)
Button
Screw
(STEPS 3,8)
Button Screw
(STEPS 2,7)
Locknut
(STEPS 3,8)
Wheelchair
Frame
Coved
Washers
Washer
Crossbrace
Saddle
(STEPS 3,8)
Crossbrace
Saddle
(STEPS 3,8)
Washer
Coved
Washer
Locknut
Washer
Crossbraces
Coved
Washers
DETAIL “A”
Hex Screw
Wheelchair
Frame
DETAIL “B” - CROSSBRACE
HARDWARE (STEPS 4,5)
Washer
Crossbrace
Saddle
FIGURE 6.6 Adjusting the Seat Width
Part No. 1110550
39
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 7—REAR WHEELS
SECTION 7—REAR WHEELS
WARNING
After any adjustments, repair or service and before use, make sure all attaching
hardware is tightened securely. Otherwise injury or damage may occur.
NOTE: The procedures in this section apply to non-recliner models only. For recliner models, refer
to Recliner on page 52.
Removing/Installing Rear Wheels
WARNING
Only a qualified technician may change the size of the rear wheel or the
seat-to-floor height.
If changing the size of the rear wheel or a change in the seat-to-floor height is
desired, this procedure MUST be performed by a qualified technician.
Make sure both rear wheels are the same size and are installed into the same respective mounting hole before using the wheelchair, otherwise injury may occur.
Permanent Axles
WARNING
This procedure MUST be performed by a qualified technician.
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 7.1 on page 41.
NOTE: If replacing the same size rear wheel, note the mounting position on the wheelchair frame
for proper reinstallation of the new rear wheel.
1. Remove the dust cap (SA Frame only), hex screw, washer (SA Frame only), spacer (if
installed) and locknut that secure the rear wheel to the wheelchair frame.
NOTE: The spacer is used on wheelchairs with removable arms only.
2. Repeat STEP 1 for the opposite rear wheel if desired.
3. To reinstall the rear wheel(s) onto the wheelchair, reverse STEPS 1-2 and torque
locknut to 40 ft.-lbs.
4. Adjust wheel locks. Refer to Using/Adjusting Disk Wheel Locks on page 47.
Tracer® SX5
40
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 7—REAR WHEELS
Rear Wheel
Axle Mounting Axle
Locknut
Wheelchair
Frame
Washer
(SA Frame ONLY)
Dust Cap
(SA Frame ONLY)
Spacer (Wheelchairs with
Remoivable Arms ONLY)
Hex Screw
FIGURE 7.1 Removing/Installing Rear Wheels - Permanent Axles
Replacing Rear Wheel Handrim
WARNING
Wheelchairs with 300 lbs weight limit: DO NOT use composite handrims.
Otherwise injury or damage may occur.
If the wheelchair is equipped with permanent axles, this procedure MUST be performed by a qualified technician.
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 7.2.
1. Remove the rear wheel from the wheelchair. For non-recliner models, refer to
Removing/Installing Rear Wheels on page 40. For recliner models, refer to
Removing/Installing the Rear Wheels on page 57.
2. Remove the mounting screws that
secure the handrim to the rear wheel.
Rear Wheel
Mounting Screw
3. Remove the existing handrim.
4. Install the new handrim by reversing
the preceding steps.
5. Reinstall rear wheel to the wheelchair.
Refer to Removing/Installing Rear
Wheels on page 40.
Handrim
6. Repeat STEPS 1-5 for the opposite rear
wheel if necessary.
Part No. 1110550
FIGURE 7.2 Replacing Rear Wheel
Handrim
41
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 7—REAR WHEELS
Replacing/Repairing Rear Wheel Tire
WARNING
Replacement of rear wheel tire MUST be performed by a qualified technician.
CAUTION
As with any vehicle, the wheels and tires should be checked periodically for cracks
and wear, and should be replaced if damaged.
Tracer® SX5
42
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 8—FRONT CASTERS
SECTION 8—FRONT CASTERS
WARNING
After any adjustments, repair or service and before use, make sure all attaching
hardware is tightened securely. Otherwise injury or damage may occur.
Installing/Replacing Six or Eight-Inch Front Casters and
Forks
WARNING
Make sure both fork/caster assemblies are the same size BEFORE using the wheelchair, otherwise injury may occur.
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to For this
procedure, refer to FIGURE 8.1.
DETAIL “A” - NON-RECLINER
WHEELCHAIRS UNDER 20 INCHES WIDE
NOTE: This procedure can be performed if
replacing the exact same size front caster.
Dust Cover
Locknut
1. Remove the dust cover.
Nylon Washer
2. Remove the locknut and nylon washer
that secures the fork to the caster
headtube.
Caster Headtube
3. Drop the fork assembly out of the
caster headtube.
Fork Assembly
NOTE: If caster replacement is desired, refer to
Replacing/Repairing Front Caster Tire/Tube on
page 44.
DETAIL “A” - NON-RECLINER
WHEELCHAIRS UNDER 20 TO 22 INCHES
WIDE AND RECLINDER MODELS
4. Slide the new fork assembly into the
caster headtube.
Dust Cover
5. Reassemble by reversing STEPS 1-3.
Locknut
6. Repeat STEPS 1-6 for the opposite fork
assembly.
Nylon Washer
7. Adjust the forks. Refer to Adjusting
Forks on page 44.
Caster Headtube
Fork Stem Washer
Fork Assembly
FIGURE 8.1 Installing/Replacing Six or
Eight-Inch Front Casters and Forks
Part No. 1110550
43
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 8—FRONT CASTERS
Adjusting Forks
1. To properly tighten caster journal system and guard against flutter, perform the
following check:
A. Tip back of wheelchair to floor.
B. Pivot both forks and casters to top of their arc simultaneously.
C. Let casters drop to bottom of arc (wheels should swing once to one-side, then
immediately rest in a straight downward position).
D. Adjust locknuts according to freedom of caster swing.
E. Repeat STEPS C-D until wheels swing once to one-side, then immediately rest in a
downward position.
2. Test wheelchair for maneuverability.
3. Readjust locknuts if necessary, and repeat STEPS 1-2 until correct.
4. Snap dust cover over the locknut and stem.
Replacing Front Casters
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 8.2.
WARNING
Make sure both front casters are the same size and are installed into the same
respective mounting hole before using the wheelchair, otherwise injury may occur.
NOTE: If replacing the same size front caster,
note the mounting position on the fork assembly
for proper reinstallation of the new front caster.
6 or 8-inch
Fork
Hex
Screw
1. Remove the hex screw, washers and
locknut that secure the front caster to
the fork.
Washer
(if applicable)
NOTE: Washers are only used with 8-inch
casters with precision bearings.
2. To reinstall the new front caster onto
the fork, reverse step 1.
Locknut
Washer
(if applicable)
Front
Caster
FIGURE 8.2 Replacing Front Casters
Replacing/Repairing Front Caster Tire/Tube
WARNING
Replacement of front caster tire or tube MUST be performed by a qualified technician.
CAUTION
As with any vehicle, the wheels and tires should be checked periodically for cracks
and wear, and should be replaced when necessary.
Tracer® SX5
44
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 9—ANTI-TIPPERS/WHEEL LOCKS
SECTION 9—ANTI-TIPPERS/WHEEL
LOCKS
WARNING
After any adjustments, repair or service and before use, make sure all attaching
hardware is tightened securely. Otherwise injury or damage may occur.
Installing/Adjusting Anti-Tippers
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 9.1 and FIGURE 9.2 on page 46.
WARNING
Anti-tippers are specific to the different seat-to-floor angles and/or seat-to-floor
heights. Refer to the chart in this section of the manual for correct usage and
adjustment. If these requirements cannot be achieved, DO NOT use the
wheelchair. Contact a qualified technician. If changing the seat-to-floor height with
or without a change to seat-to-floor angle, the correct anti-tippers must be used to
maintain a 1-1/2 to 2-inch ground clearance.
If so equipped, anti-tippers MUST be attached at all times. Inasmuch as the
anti-tippers are an option for 0° or 3° on this wheelchair (You may order with or
without the anti-tippers), Invacare strongly recommends ordering the anti-tippers
as a safeguard for the wheelchair user.
Anti-tippers MUST be fully engaged and release buttons fully protruding out of
adjustment holes.
ALWAYS use anti-tippers. When outdoors on wet, soft ground or on gravel
surfaces, anti tippers may not provide the same level of protection against tipover.
Extra caution must be observed when traversing such surfaces.
Ensure both anti-tippers are adjusted to the same mounting hole.
Installing Anti-Tippers
NOTE: To ensure the correct model anti-tipper is used refer to FIGURE 1. Measurements for
anti-tippers are approximate and are taken with extension tube in bottom hole position.
WHEELCHAIR
MODEL
SEAT-TO-FLOOR
HEIGHT IN INCHES
ANTI-TIPPER (MEASUREMENTS IN INCHES)
LENGTH
HEIGHT
MODEL PART NO.
TRACER SX5
17-1/2 to 19-1/2
13-1/2
3-1/4
1360
1058836
TRACER SX5
15-1/2 to 17-1/2
11-5/8
2-3/4
1360A
1058752
TRACER SX5
RECLINER
17-1/2 to 19-1/2
13-1/2
3-1/2
N/A
1088242
Part No. 1110550
45
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 9—ANTI-TIPPERS/WHEEL LOCKS
Anti-Tipper Height
Flat Surface
Bottom Position
Anti-Tipper Length
FIGURE 9.1 Installing/Adjusting Anti-Tippers - Anti-Tipper Length
1. Press the release buttons and insert the anti-tippers with the anti-tipper wheels
pointing toward the ground/floor into the wheelchair frame tubing as shown in
FIGURE 2.
2. Ensure that the release button of the anti-tipper fully protrudes out of the hole in the
bottom of the wheelchair frame tubing.
3. Place the wheelchair on a flat surface.
4. Measure the distance between the bottom of the anti-tipper wheels and the
ground/floor.
NOTE: A 1-1/2 to 2-inch clearance between the
bottom of the anti-tipper wheels and the
ground/floor MUST be maintained at all times.
Anti-Tipper
Wheels
5. If the distance between the bottom of
anti-tipper wheels and the
ground/floor is not 1-1/2 to 2-inches,
adjust anti-tippers. Refer to Adjusting
the Anti-Tippers on page 46.
Anti-Rattle
Anti-Tipper
Release Buttons
Rear Frame
Tubing
FIGURE 9.2 Installing Anti-Tippers
Adjusting the Anti-Tippers
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 9.3 on page 47.
NOTE: A 1-1/2 to 2-inch clearance between the bottom of the anti-tipper wheels and the
ground/floor MUST be maintained at all times.
1. Place the wheelchair on a flat surface.
NOTE: If adjusting anti-tippers on recliner models, ensure back canes are in the upright position
BEFORE making adjustments.
2. Press the release buttons on the wheeled portion of the anti-tipper and slide it up or
down to the desired adjustment hole.
3. Check to make sure that the release buttons are fully engaged in adjustment holes.
4. Ensure both anti-tippers are adjusted to the same height.
5. Measure the distance between the bottom of the anti-tipper wheels and the
ground/floor.
Tracer® SX5
46
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 9—ANTI-TIPPERS/WHEEL LOCKS
6. If the distance between the bottom of anti-tipper wheels and the ground/floor is not
1-1/2 to 2-inches, repeat STEPS 2-5 until the distance is 1-1/2 to 2-inches.
7. If the 1-1/2 to 2-inch distance cannot be achieved with the anti-tippers, a different
model may be required. Contact an Invacare dealer or qualified technician.
Release Buttons
1-1/2 to 2-inch Clearance
FIGURE 9.3 Adjusting the Anti-Tippers
Using/Adjusting Disk Wheel Locks
Using Patient Operated Disk Wheel Locks
WARNING
DO NOT attempt to stop a moving wheelchair with wheel locks. Wheel locks are
not brakes.
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 9.4.
NOTE: Position wheelchair on a flat, level surface to perform this procedure.
1. Ensure the wheelchair is not moving before engaging the wheel locks.
2. Perform one of the following:
• Push-to-Lock - To engage, push the wheel lock handle forward.
• Pull-to-Lock - To engage, pull the wheel lock handle backward.
3. Disengage the wheel locks by reversing STEP 2.
Push-To-Lock
Wheel
Wheel
Lock
Lock
Pull-To-Lock
Unlocked
Position
Locked
Position
Wheel
Lock
Locked
Position
Unlocked
Position
FIGURE 9.4 Using Patient Operated Disk Wheel Locks
Part No. 1110550
47
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 9—ANTI-TIPPERS/WHEEL LOCKS
Adjusting Patient-Operated Wheel Locks
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 9.5.
WARNING
DO NOT attempt to stop a moving wheelchair with the wheel locks. WHEEL
LOCKS ARE NOT BRAKES.
NOTE: If wheels are pneumatic, before adjusting the wheel lock assemblies, ensure that the tires
are inflated to the recommended psi on the side wall of tire.
1. Ensure the wheel lock is in the open (unlocked position).
2. Loosen the bolt and locknut that secure the wheel lock assembly to the wheelchair
frame.
3. Reposition the wheel lock so that when engaged, the wheel lock shoe embeds the tire
1/8-inch (3/16-inch for pneumatic tires) and holds the wheelchair.
4. Securely tighten the bolt and locknut securing the wheel lock to the wheelchair frame.
5. Engage the wheel lock.
6. Measure the distance the wheel lock is embedded into the tire as shown in Detail ʺAʺ
of FIGURE 9.5.
NOTE: Any wheel lock adjustment should embed the wheel lock shoe at least 1/8-inch (3/16-inch
for pneumatic tires) into the tire when engaged.
7. Repeat the steps 1-6 until the wheel lock shoe embeds the tire 1/8-inch (3/16-inch for
pneumatic tires) and holds the wheelchair.
8. Repeat STEPS 1-7 for the opposite wheel lock.
9. If the measurement of 1/8-inch
(3/16-inch for pneumatic tires) cannot
be achieved, remove the bolt and
locknut that secure the wheel lock to
the wheelchair frame and mount the
wheel lock in one of two mounting
positions.
1/8-inch
(3/16-inch
pneumatic
tires)
DETAIL “A” BOLT-ON
WHEEL LOCKS
Wheel Lock
Shoe
Tire
10. Repeat steps 1-9 until the wheel lock
holds the wheelchair. If the correct
measurement still cannot be achieved,
contact a qualified technician.
Mounting
Wheel Positions
Lock
Bolt and
Locknut
WARNING
If wheel locks do not hold the occupied
wheelchair in place, contact a qualified
technician; otherwise injury or damage
may occur.
Tracer® SX5
Rear
Wheel
Wheel Lock
Handle
Wheel
Lock
Shoe
FIGURE 9.5 Adjusting Patient-Operated
Wheel Locks
48
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 10—SEAT TO FLOOR
SECTION 10—SEAT TO FLOOR
WARNING
After any adjustments, repair or service and before use, make sure all attaching
hardware is tightened securely. Otherwise injury or damage may occur.
Changing Seat-to-Floor Height
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 10.1 on page 50 and FIGURE 10.2 on page 51.
WARNING
The seat depth, size/position of the front casters, size/position of the rear wheels,
use of an anti-tipper model, as well as the user condition directly relate to the
stability of the wheelchair. Any change to one or any combination of the seven may
cause the wheelchair to decrease in stability. These adjustments must be performed
by a qualified technician.
Seat-to-floor heights have specific positions depending on rear wheel size, rear
wheel position, front caster size and front caster position. These adjustments must
be performed by a qualified technician.
If changing the seat-to-floor height the correct anti-tippers MUST be ordered to
maintain a 1-1/2 to 2-inch ground clearance.
1. Refer to one of the following charts to determine mounting positions for front
casters/forks and rear wheels for the desired obtainable seat-to-floor height:
A. Adult/Hemi Frame Style - FIGURE 10.1.
B. Recliner Frame Style - FIGURE 10.2.
2. Remove the rear wheels from the wheelchair. Refer to one of the following procedures:
A. Adult/Hemi Frame Style - Refer to Removing/Installing Rear Wheels on page 40.
B. Recliner Frame Style - Refer to Removing/Installing the Rear Wheels on page 57.
3. If necessary, replace the front casters and forks with the casters and forks indicated in
the chart. Refer to replacing front casters and installing/replacing fork assemblies in
section 7 of this manual.
4. Reinstall the rear wheels onto the wheelchair in the mounting position indicated in the
chart. Refer to one of the following procedures.
A. Adult/Hemi Frame Style - Refer to Removing/Installing Rear Wheels on page 40.
B. Recliner Frame Style - Refer to Removing/Installing the Rear Wheels on page 57.
5. Adjust anti-tippers according to new seat-to-floor height. Refer to adjusting the
anti-tippers in section 8 of this manual.
Part No. 1110550
49
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 10—SEAT TO FLOOR
Non-Recliner Frame Style
WARNING
20-22 Wide (300 lb. weight limitation) Wheelchairs only: 8x1-3/4-inch semi-pneumatic front casters MUST be installed. Do not replace with any other size/style
front caster. Otherwise, injury or damage may occur.
*6-INCH FRONT CASTERS
SEAT-TO-FLOOR HEIGHT
(IN INCHES)
FRONT CASTER
MOUNTING
POSITION
REAR
WHEEL
SIZE
REAR WHEEL
MOUNTING
POSITION
15-1/2
TOP
20 inch
TOP
16-1/2
MIDDLE
22 inch
TOP
17-1/2
BOTTOM
24 inch
TOP
17-1/2
BOTTOM
20 inch
BOTTOM
*8-INCH FRONT CASTERS
SEAT-TO-FLOOR HEIGHT
(IN INCHES)
FRONT CASTER
MOUNTING
POSITION
REAR
WHEEL
SIZE
REAR WHEEL
MOUNTING
POSITION
17-1/2
TOP
20 inch
BOTTOM
17-1/2
TOP
24 inch
TOP
18-1/2
MIDDLE
22 inch
BOTTOM
19-1/2
BOTTOM
24 inch
BOTTOM
DETAIL “A” - REAR WHEEL
MOUNTING POSITIONS ADULT/HEMI FRAME STYLE
DETAIL “B” - 6 OR 8-INCH
FORK MOUNTING
POSITIONS
Top
Top
Bottom
Middle
Bottom
FIGURE 10.1 Changing Seat-to-Floor Height - Non-Recliner Frame Style
Tracer® SX5
50
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 10—SEAT TO FLOOR
Recliner Frame Style
WARNING
Tracer sx5 recliner ONLY: Mount the rear wheels in the Rear Wheel Offset Bracket
ONLY. NEVER reposition the rear wheels to the forward position, stability of the
wheelchair will decrease, and injury or damage may result.
20-22 WIDE WHEELCHAIRS WITH 300 LB. WEIGHT LIMITATION:
8x1-3/4-inch semi-pneumatic front casters MUST be installed. Do not replace with
any other size/style front caster. Otherwise, injury or damage may occur.
8-INCH FRONT CASTERS
SEAT-TO-FLOOR HEIGHT
FRONT CASTER
REAR
(IN INCHES)
MOUNTING
WHEEL
POSITION
SIZE
REAR WHEEL
MOUNTING
POSITION
17-1/2
TOP
20 inch
N/A
18-1/2
MIDDLE
22 inch
N/A
19-1/2
BOTTOM
24 inch
N/A
DETAIL “A” - REAR WHEEL
MOUNTING POSITIONS - TRACER
SX RECLINER FRAME STYLE
Rearward
Mounting Position
DETAIL “B” - 8-INCH FORK
MOUNTING POSITIONS
Forward
Mounting
Positions
(DO NOT USE)
Top
Middle
Bottom
Rear Wheel Offset Bracket
FIGURE 10.2 Changing Seat-to-Floor Height - Recliner Frame Style
Part No. 1110550
51
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 11—RECLINER
SECTION 11—RECLINER
WARNING
After any adjustments, repair or service and before use, make sure all attaching
hardware is tightened securely. Otherwise injury or damage may occur.
Recliner Operation
WARNING
ALWAYS make sure that the wheelchair is stable in the full reclined (back at 180°)
position and the full upright (back at 90°) position BEFORE using the recliner
option.
Anti-tippers MUST BE attached at all times.
ALWAYS engage both wheel locks while reclining or inclining (reverse recline) the
wheelchair.
Make sure spring buttons of the spreader bar fully protrude out through the hole in
the handle before using the wheelchair.
Make sure both back canes are at the same angle before releasing the handles of the
recline mechanisms.
Mount the rear wheels in the Rear Wheel Offset Bracket only. NEVER reposition
the rear wheels to the forward position, stability of the wheelchair will decrease.
Before using the recliner option, the anti-tippers must be installed and properly
adjusted. Refer to Installing/Adjusting the Anti-tippers in Section 8 of this manual.
Always return the back to the upright position before lifting the wheelchair.
TO HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS/ASSISTANTS:
The Tracer SX5 Recliner wheelchair MUST be operated by a healthcare
professional or assistant when in any reclined position.
Make sure the patient is properly positioned in the wheelchair before reclining or
inclining (reverse recline) to maintain maximum stability and safety.
Assistants MUST be prepared to support the weight of the occupant when reclining,
or returning the occupant of the wheelchair to the full upright position. Make sure
to use proper body mechanics (use your legs) or seek assistance if necessary to
avoid injury.
ALWAYS engage both wheel locks while reclining or inclining (reverse recline) the
wheelchair.
Make sure occupant's and bystanders' hands and body are clear of all pinch points
before reclining back. Use caution, otherwise injury may occur.
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 11.1 on page 53.
Tracer® SX5
52
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 11—RECLINER
1. Unfold wheelchair. Refer to Unfolding and Folding Wheelchair on page 23.
2. Attach spreader bar. Refer to Removing/Installing the Spreader Bar on page 55.
3. Make sure wheelchair is occupied and on a level surface before reclining.
4. Engage the wheel locks.
5. Inform the occupant of the wheelchair that the wheelchair is about to be reclined.
6. Make sure occupantʹs hands and body are clear of all pinch points.
7. Stand behind the wheelchair and grasp both push handles firmly.
8. Lifting up on handles, squeeze release levers.
9. Slowly, pull back on the back assembly while squeezing the release levers.
10. When the back reaches the desired angle, slowly let go of the release levers.
11. To return the back to the full upright position, reverse the STEPS 7-10 keeping in mind
proper body mechanics.
Handle
Upright Position
Reclined Position
Release
Levers
Wheelchair
Wheelchair
Release
Levers
Level
Surface
Level
Surface
FIGURE 11.1 Recliner Operation
Replacing the Headrest Pillow
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 11.2 on page 54.
1. Unfasten straps of headrest pillow from behind headrest upholstery.
2. Remove existing headrest pillow from headrest.
3. Center new/existing headrest pillow onto the front of the headrest upholstery.
4. Pull straps of new/existing headrest pillow around the back canes.
5. Pressing firmly, attach the fastening strips of the new/existing headrest pillow to the
fastening strips on the back of the headrest upholstery.
Part No. 1110550
53
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 11—RECLINER
Fastening
Strips
Headrest Upholstery
Strap
Strap
Headrest Pillow
FIGURE 11.2 Replacing the Headrest Pillow
Replacing the Headrest/Back Upholstery
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 11.3 on page 55.
Headrest Upholstery
1. Remove the headrest pillow. Refer to Replacing the Headrest Pillow on page 53.
2. Remove the six mounting screws that secure the headrest upholstery to the headrest
extension tubes.
3. Secure new headrest upholstery onto headrest extension tubes with the existing six
mounting screws.
4. Install headrest pillow. Refer to Replacing the Headrest Pillow on page 53.
Back Upholstery
1. Disengage one side of the spreader bar. Refer to Removing/Installing the Spreader Bar
on page 55.
NOTE: To remove and install the bottom two mounting screws of the back upholstery the
wheelchair must be partially folded. Refer to Unfolding and Folding Wheelchair on page 23.
2. Remove the twelve mounting screws that secure the back upholstery to the back
canes.
3. Secure new back upholstery to back canes with the existing twelve mounting screws.
Securely tighten.
4. Reengage spreader bar. Refer to Removing/Installing the Spreader Bar on page 55.
Tracer® SX5
54
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 11—RECLINER
Headrest Upholstery
Mounting
Screws
Headrest
Extension
Tube
Back
Upholstery
Mounting
Screws
Back
Cane
FIGURE 11.3 Replacing the Headrest/Back Upholstery
Removing/Installing the Spreader Bar
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 11.4 on page 56.
WARNING
Make sure both release buttons of the spreader bar fully protrude out through the
holes in the handle BEFORE using the wheelchair.
Removing
1. Push in release button on one side of existing spreader bar.
2. While holding spreader bar, pull the lock tube until the release button is out of the
handle of the back cane.
3. Drop the spreader bar to one side.
4. Repeat STEPS 1-2 on opposite end of spreader bar.
Installing
1. Push in release button on one of the lock tubes of the new/existing spreader bar.
2. Insert lock tube into the handle of the back cane.
3. Ensure the release button fully protrudes out of the hole in the back cane handle.
4. Repeat STEPS 1-3 on opposite end of spreader bar.
Part No. 1110550
55
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 11—RECLINER
Back Cane
Spreader Bar
Handle
Lock Tube
Release Button
FIGURE 11.4 Removing/Installing the Spreader Bar
Removing and Installing Armrest
WARNING
Make sure the armrest is securely locked before using the wheelchair.
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 11.5 on page 57.
Removing Armrest
1. Push down on armrest to ensure it is fully seated in front and rear sockets.
NOTE: This step is needed to prevent the release buttons from hanging up on the sockets.
2. Unlock the rear armrest by rotating the armrest release lever towards the outside of
the wheelchair.
3. Press IN the armrest release buttons at the front of the armrest.
4. While pressing in the armrest release button, remove the armrest from the arm sockets
by pulling straight up.
Installing Armrest
NOTE: Rear armrest release lever must be in the unlocked position when installing the armrest.
1. Position the armrest just above the front and rear arm sockets.
2. Push arm down evenly at the front and rear until the front armrest release button
snaps into the front arm socket.
3. Lock rear armrest by turning the armrest release lever towards the back of the
wheelchair.
4. Ensure armrest is locked securely in the arm sockets by gently lifting up. If not locked,
repeat STEPS 1-3.
Tracer® SX5
56
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 11—RECLINER
Armrest
Armrest
Release
Lever
Armrest
Release
Button
Arm Socket
Arm Socket
FIGURE 11.5 Removing and Installing Armrest
Removing/Installing the Rear Wheels
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 11.6 on page 58.
WARNING
If changing the size of the rear wheel or a change in the Seat-to-Floor Height is
desired, this procedure must be performed by a qualified technician.
Ensure both rear wheels are the same size before using.
Tracer SX5 recliner ONLY: Mount the rear wheels in the Rear Wheel Offset
Bracket ONLY. NEVER reposition the rear wheels to the forward position, as stability of the wheelchair will decrease, and injury or damage may result.
Removing
1. Note mounting position of existing rear wheel.
2. Remove the axle mounting screw and locknut that secure the existing rear wheel and
spacer to the wheel offset bracket.
3. Remove the existing rear wheel from wheel offset bracket.
Installing
1. Secure the new/existing rear wheel and spacer to wheel offset bracket with axle
mounting screw and locknut. Tourque locknut to 40 in-lbs.
Part No. 1110550
57
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 11—RECLINER
Rearward
Mounting
Position
Locknut
Spacer
Rear Wheel
Foward
Mounting
Positions
(DO NOT USE)
Rear Wheel Offset Bracket
Rear Wheel
Offset
Bracfket
Axle Mounting Screw
FIGURE 11.6 Removing/Installing the Rear Wheels
Using/adjusting the Clamp-On Wheel Locks
Using the Clamp-On Wheel Locks
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 11.7.
WARNING
DO NOT attempt to stop a moving wheelchair with the wheel locks. WHEEL
LOCKS ARE NOT BRAKES.
NOTE: The Tracer SX5 Recliner with 24-inch rear wheels uses the disk wheel locks. Refer to
Using/Adjusting Disk Wheel Locks on page 47.
1. Ensure the wheelchair is not moving before engaging the wheel locks.
2. To engage, push the wheel lock handle forward.
3. Disengage the wheel locks by reversing STEP 2.
Wheel Lock
Unlocked Position
Locked Position
FIGURE 11.7 Using/adjusting the Clamp-On Wheel Locks - Using the Clamp-On Wheel
Locks
Tracer® SX5
58
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 11—RECLINER
Adjusting the Clamp-On Wheel Locks
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 11.8.
NOTE: If wheels are pneumatic, before adjusting or replacing the wheel lock assemblies, ensure
that the tires are inflated to the recommended psi on the side wall of tire.
1. Disengage the wheel locks.
2. Loosen the bolt and locknut that secure the wheel lock to the wheelchair frame.
3. Reposition the wheel lock so that when engaged, the wheel lock shoe embeds the tire
1/8-inch (3/16-inch for pneumatic tires) and holds the occupied wheelchair in place
when pushed.
4. Securely tighten the bolt and locknut or socket screws securing the wheel lock to the
wheelchair frame.
5. Engage the wheel lock.
6. Measure the distance the wheel lock is embedded into the tire as shown in DETAIL
ʺAʺ of FIGURE 7.
NOTE: Any wheel lock adjustment should embed the wheel lock shoe at least 1/8-inch (3/16-inch
if pneumatic tire) into the tire when engaged.
7. Repeat STEPS 1-6 until the wheel lock shoe embeds the tire 1/8-inch (3/16-inch for
pneumatic tires) and holds the occupied wheelchair in place when pushed.
8. Repeat STEPS 1-7 for the opposite wheel lock.
9. Engage both wheel locks and ensusre the occupied wheelchair is held in place when
pushed.
WARNING
If wheel locks do not hold the occupied wheelchair in place contact a qualified technician.
Rear Wheel
Wheel Lock
Wheel Lock Handle
Bolt and
Locknut
Wheel
Lock
DETAIL “A” - WHEEL
LOCK SHOE
ENGAGEMENT
1/8 inch
(3/16 inch
pneumatic
tires)
Wheel
Lock Shoe
Tire
FIGURE 11.8 Using/adjusting the Clamp-On Wheel Locks - Adjusting the Clamp-On Wheel Locks
Part No. 1110550
59
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 12—OPTIONS
SECTION 12—OPTIONS
WARNING
After any adjustments, repair or service and before use, make sure all attaching
hardware is tightened securely. Otherwise injury or damage may occur.
Installing Amputee Bracket
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 12.1 on page 61.
1. Refer to the following chart or FIGURE 12.1 to determine the mounting position of the
amputee bracket:
SEAT-TO-FLOOR *BRACKET
ADULT
ADULT
HEMI
HEMI
A
B
B
A
AXLE
SPACER
POSITION
(ON
BRACKET)
SIDE OF
WHEELCHAIR
AXLE MOUNTING
POSITION
(ON WHEELCHAIR)
DOWN
DOWN
UP
UP
RIGHT
LEFT
RIGHT
LEFT
TOP
TOP
BOTTOM
BOTTOM
*NOTE: ʺAʺ and ʺBʺ are stamped on the sides of the amputee bracket.
2. Install the amputee bracket on the wheelchair frame to the position determined in STEP 1.
NOTE: Make sure the axle spacer is pointing towards the outside of the wheelchair.
3. Install the two hex screws and locknuts that secure the amputee bracket to the wheelchair.
4. Install the rear wheels onto the wheelchair. Refer to Removing/Installing Rear Wheels
on page 40.
Tracer® SX5
60
Part No. 1110550
SECTION 12—OPTIONS
Bracket “A”
Bracket “B”
Locknuts
Right
Left
Adult Right
Adult Left
Axle Spacer Toward
Outside of Wheelchair
Axle Spacer Toward
Outside of Wheelchair
Rear View of
Amputee Bracket
Hex Screws
Hemi Left
Hemi Right
FIGURE 12.1 Installing Amputee Bracket
Installing Crutch and Cane Carrier
WARNING
Check base weekly to ensure proper placement.
When loading the crutch/cane carrier, ensure items are securely placed into the
base. Also ensure that there is no interference with folding the wheelchair, the rear
wheels, or the swing-back arms.
Strap must be securely fastened while carrying items.
NEVER insert or remove items while wheelchair is moving.
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 12.2 on page 62.
1. Slide the clamp with the base attached over the end of the step tube of the wheelchair.
Ensure the base is towards the inside of the wheelchair.
2. Position the base parallel to the step tube.
CAUTION
Base should be parallel to step tube to avoid bending spokes when folding the wheelchair.
Part No. 1110550
61
Tracer® SX5
SECTION 12—OPTIONS
3. Securely tighten the locknut that
secures the base to the step tube of the
wheelchair.
Strap
4. Remove the upper back upholstery
screw and washer.
5. Align the strap with the back
upholstery screw mounting hole.
Base
Step
Tube
6. Reinstall the back upholstery screw
and washer and secure the strap to the
wheelchair.
Clamp
Locknut
7. The base cleans easily with any chrome
or glass cleaner. The strap can be
cleaned with mild soap and water.
FIGURE 12.2 Installing Crutch and Cane
Carrier
Installing the Seat Positioning Strap
WARNING
ALWAYS wear your positioning strap. Inasmuch as the Seat Positioning Strap is an
option on this wheelchair (You may order with or without the seat restraint), Invacare strongly recommends ordering the Seat Positioning Strap as an additional safeguard for the wheelchair user.
NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 12.3.
1. Remove the bottom back upholstery screw from the wheelchair.
2. Position the seat positioning strap half between the back cane and back upholstery.
3. Secure the back upholstery and seat positioning strap to the wheelchair with the
existing back upholstery screw.
4. Repeat STEPS 1-3 for the opposite side of the wheelchair.
Back Cane
Back Upholstery
Screw
Back Upholstery
Strap Positioning
Strap
FIGURE 12.3 Installing the Seat Positioning Strap
Tracer® SX5
62
Part No. 1110550
LIMITED WARRANTY
LIMITED WARRANTY
PLEASE NOTE: THE WARRANTY BELOW HAS BEEN DRAFTED TO COMPLY WITH
FEDERAL LAW APPLICABLE TO PRODUCTS MANUFACTURED AFTER JULY 4, 1975.
This warranty is extended only to the original purchaser who purchases this product when new
and unused from Invacare or a dealer. This warranty is not extended to any other person or
entity and is not transferable or assignable to any subsequent purchaser or owner. Coverage
under this warranty will end upon any such subsequent sale or other transfer of title to any
other person.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have other legal rights which vary
from state to state.
Invacare warrants the side frames and cross members of this product when purchased new and
unused to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for a period of five (5) years from
the date of purchase from Invacare or a dealer, with a copy of the seller’s invoice required for
coverage under this warranty. Invacare warrants the upholstered materials (seat, back and
armrests of the arm assembly) and remaining components of this product when purchased new
and unused to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for a period of thirteen (13)
months from date of purchase from Invacare or a dealer, with a copy of the seller’s invoice
required for coverage under this warranty. If within such warranty periods any such product
shall be proven to be defective, such product shall be repaired or replaced, at Invacare’s option.
This warranty does not include any labor or shipping charges incurred in replacement part
installation or repair of any such product. Invacare’s sole obligation and your exclusive remedy
under this warranty shall be limited to such repair and/or replacement.
For warranty service, please contact the dealer from whom you purchased your Invacare
product. In the event you do not receive satisfactory warranty service, please write directly to
Invacare at the address at the bottom of this page. Provide dealer’s name, address, the product
model number, date of purchase, indicate nature of the defect and, if the product is serialized,
indicate the serial number. Do not return products to our factory without our prior consent.
Limitations and Exclusions: The foregoing warranty shall not apply to serial numbered products
if the serial number has been removed or defaced, products subjected to negligence, accident,
improper operation, maintenance or storage, products modified without Invacare’s express
written consent including, but not limited to, modification through the use of unauthorized
parts or attachments; products damaged by reason of repairs made to any component without
the specific consent of Invacare, or to a product damaged by circumstances beyond Invacare’s
control, and such evaluation will be solely determined by Invacare. The warranty shall not apply
to normal wear and tear or failure to adhere to the product instructions.
THE FOREGOING EXPRESS WARRANTY IS EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ANY OTHER
WARRANTIES WHATSOEVER, WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, AND THE SOLE REMEDY FOR VIOLATIONS OF ANY WARRANTY
WHATSOEVER, SHALL BE LIMITED TO REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF THE DEFECTIVE
PRODUCT PURSUANT TO THE TERMS CONTAINED HEREIN. THE APPLICATION OF
ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY WHATSOEVER SHALL NOT EXTEND BEYOND THE
DURATION OF THE EXPRESS WARRANTY PROVIDED HEREIN. INVACARE SHALL NOT
BE LIABLE FOR ANY CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES WHATSOEVER.
SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGE, OR LIMITATION OF HOW LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY
LASTS, SO THE ABOVE EXCLUSION AND LIMITATION MAY NOT BE APPLICABLE.
THIS WARRANTY SHALL BE EXTENDED TO COMPLY WITH STATE/PROVINCIAL
LAWS AND REQUIREMENTS.
Part No. 1110550
63
Tracer® SX5
Invacare Corporation
www.invacare.com
USA
One Invacare Way
Elyria, Ohio USA
44036-2125
800-333-6900
Canada
570 Matheson Blvd E Unit 8
Mississauga Ontario
L4Z 4G4 Canada
800-668-5324
PRODUCT MADE
IN CHINA
Invacare, the Medallion Design, Yes, you
can., and Tracer are registered trademarks
of Invacare Corporation.
Teflon is a registered trademark of Dupont
Corporation.
© 2006 Invacare Corporation
Part No. 1110550
Rev C - 4/10/06
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