EFOY RV User Manual

EFOY RV User Manual
User Manual
EFOY 600 / EFOY 900 / EFOY 1200 / EFOY 1600 / EFOY 2200
ENGLISH
1. Table of Contents
1.
Table of Contents
1.
Table of Contents
2.
Introduction
2.1 Foreword
2.2 Safety Information
2.3 Safety notice for methanol
2.4 Normal Operation
2.5 Declaration of Conformity
2.6 Seals of Approval
2.7 Warranty
2.8 Warranty extension
2.9 Disposal
4
4
5
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
3.
Configuration
3.1 Standard Equipment
3.2 Overview
3.3 Remote Control
3.4 Specifications
11
11
12
12
13
4.
Installation
4.1 Tools and Materials
4.2 Space Requirements
4.3 Securing the unit
4.4 Off-heat duct
4.5 Connecting the Exhaust Hose
4.6 Installing the fuel-cartridge holder
4.7 Electrical Connections
4.8 Connection via the Central Electrical Box (EBL)
4.9 Connection directly to the battery
4.10 Connecting the Remote Control
15
15
16
17
18
19
21
22
23
24
25
5.
Operation
5.1 Connecting the Fuel Cartridge
5.2 Select Language
5.3 Display Information
5.4 Automatic Operation
5.5 Switching on the Fuel Cell
5.6 Switching Off the Fuel Cell
5.7 Battery protection
5.8 Automatic Antifreeze Feature
27
27
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
2
2
English
1. Table of Contents
5.9 Storage
37
6.
Maintenance
6.1 Service
6.2 Cleaning
39
39
40
7.
Troubleshooting
7.1 Safety
7.2 Problems and Solutions
7.3 Problems without Error Messages
7.4 Replacing Service Fluid
41
41
42
44
45
8.
Appendix
8.1 Output characteristic
47
47
3
2. Introduction
2.
Introduction
2.1
Foreword
Thank you for purchasing an EFOY product. We hope that
you will enjoy your new unit.
Please read these instructions first before using.
Should you have any questions about installation or
operation, please consult the EFOY hotline.
SFC Energy AG
Eugen-Sänger-Ring 7
D-85649 Brunnthal-Nord
Hotline: +49 89 / 673 5920
Freecall: 00800 / 732 762 78*
Fax: +49 89 673 592 369
[email protected]
www.efoy.com
*The toll-free number is available in the following
countries: Germany, Belgium, Denmark, France, Great
Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Austria, Sweden,
Switzerland and Spain.
4
English
2. Introduction
2.2
Safety Information
Read the instructions before operating and keep them
nearby. Be sure to follow all directions in the manual.
Do not open unit or fuel cartridges. Do not use force to
open cartridges and do not refill them. Any
modifications to the unit may affect safe operation,
will lead to a loss of license and will void the warranty
Use only original EFOY equipment.
Do not store unit and fuel cartridges at temperatures
above 45° C. Do not operate at temperatures above
40° C. Keep away from heat and direct sunlight.
Store the unit where there is no danger of freezing, or
use the automatic antifreeze feature.
Do not smoke when handling the unit or the fuel
cartridges.
Keep away from heat and open flame.
There is a danger of fire if methanol leaks out
following an accident, or if the unit or the fuel
cartridge has been damaged. Keep away from open
fire and make sure area is well ventilated. Small
amounts of methanol which may leak out will
evaporate without leaving any residue.
Keep unit and fuel cartridges (including empty or
partially filled cartridges) out of children’s reach.
Operate the unit only in accordance with instructions
and keep operating area well ventilated. Do not block
exhaust. Avoid inhaling exhaust fumes directly or for
prolonged periods of time.
5
2. Introduction
There is no risk of coming into contact with methanol
provided that you handle the unit and fuel cartridges in
accordance with instructions.
We are required by law to print the following notice.
Methanol is toxic if inhaled, ingested or if it comes into
contact with skin. Irreparable damage may occur if
inhaled, ingested or if it comes into contact with skin. In
the event of an accident or if nausea occurs, consult a
physician immediately. Be sure to bring the fuel
cartridge label or these instructions to the consultation.
System exhaust may contain harmful components. Avoid
inhaling exhaust directly or for prolonged periods of
time. Use the exhaust hose to conduct exhaust gases to
the exterior.
Improper use or improper connection to other electrical
devices may result in damage.
WARNING
In addition to these safety instructions, please observe
the passages in bold type. Otherwise, you may
endanger yourself and others.
6
English
2. Introduction
2.3
Safety notice for methanol
WARNING
You are given the methanol in the form of safe, tested
fuel cartridges that protect you from coming into
direct contact with the contents if used correctly. We
are required by law to print the following notice.
Methanol is easily flammable. Methanol is toxic if
inhaled, ingested or if it comes into contact with skin.
In the event of an accident or if nausea occurs, consult
a physician immediately. Be sure to bring the fuel
cartridge label or the methanol material safety data
sheet to the consultation.
Storage and transport of methanol may be subject to
statutory regulations.
More information is provided in the methanol safety
data sheet on our website www.efoy.com or by SFC
directly
2.4
Normal Operation
The EFOY 600, EFOY 900, EFOY 1200, EFOY 1600 and
EFOY 2200 are automatic charging devices for 12V lead
batteries.
The unit may be used only to charge lead batteries that
conform to the specifications in Chapter 3.4, page 13).
The specifications allow for solid-state operation (see
Chapter 3.4) on boats and on motor vehicles. Operate only
with original-equipment EFOY fuel cartridges.
The unit is not intended for emergency medical power
generation, or for powering life-sustaining or agricultural
devices.
7
2. Introduction
It is permissible to connect units in parallel to increase
the charging current.
The series connection of units to increase the voltage is
not permitted.
Do not operate unit if housing is damaged.
2.5
Declaration of Conformity
SFC Energy AG, Eugen-Saenger-Ring 7, 85649 BrunnthalNord declares that the EFOY 600, EFOY 900, EFOY 1200,
EFOY 1600 and the EFOY 2200 conform to the European
Community’s 2004/108/EG guidelines for electromagnetic compatibility. The following norms apply:
DIN EN 61000-6-1, DIN EN 61000-6-3
2.6
E 24
Seals of Approval
These units have been tested in accordance with ECE
Regulation No. 10 for electro-magnetic compatibility.
Operation in motor vehicles is permitted.
Approval number: E24 10R-020234
These units have undergone voluntary testing by TÜV
SÜD for conformity with the basic requirements of IEC
62282-5 and have been awarded the seal of approval for
product safety.
8
English
2. Introduction
2.7
Warranty
The warranty period begins when the new unit is purchased.
Your proof of purchase (receipt, invoice, etc.) can be used as
a record of this date. Please keep these documents
carefully. Our warranty services are based on the SFC
warranty conditions which are valid at the time of purchase.
Service
For technical queries on EFOY fuel cells, our EFOY customer
service can be reached during office hours at the following
numbers:
Freecall (Germany): 00800 / 73 27 62 78*
From any other country, please dial:
+49 89 / 673 5920
SFC Energy AG
Eugen-Sänger-Ring 7
85649 Brunnthal-Nord
Germany
Fax.: +49 89 / 673 592 369
[email protected]
www.efoy.com
*The freecall number is available from the following countries: Germany, Belgium,
Denmark, France, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Austria, Sweden,
Switzerland and Spain.
2.8
Warranty extension
The EFOY warranty certificate gives you maximum security
and reliable service. When you pay the one-off fee, you
receive the EFOY warranty certificate for a 5-year
manufacturer’s warranty. The EFOY warranty certificate is
available directly from SFC Energy AG, the manufacturer of
EFOY fuel cells.
Simply fill in the form at www.garantie.efoy.com/en or call
+49 89 / 673 5920 for further information.
9
2. Introduction
2.9
Packaging
Disposal
Packaging protects your unit during shipping. All
materials used are environmentally compatible and
recyclable.
We recommend saving the packaging for eventual
winter storage.
Should you nevertheless wish to dispose of the
packaging, please do so properly.
Your dealer or your local recycling center can provide
information about proper disposal.
WARNING
Danger of Suffocation!
Keep packaging away from children. Plastic wrapping
and cartons may cause suffocation.
Fuel Cartridges
Old Units
Sort empty fuel cartridges with plastics. Dispose of
partly filled fuel cartridges in the same manner as
solvents or paint.
Old units are still valuable! Proper disposal can yield
valuable raw materials while protecting the
environment.
The EFOY hotline:
Tel.: +49 89 / 673 5920 or 00800 / 732 762 78*
can advise you about returning old units.
10
English
3. Configuration
3.
Configuration
3.1
Unit
Remote control with data line
RC1
Standard Equipment
The following is standard equipment:
 Unit
 Remote control with data line RC1 (10 metres long)
 Fuel-cartridge holder with belt FH 1
 Mounting plate with belt MP 1
 Exhaust hose (1.5 m) EH 1
 Off-heat duct OD1 (consisting of off-heat flange, offheat bow, off-heat tube, external cover and fixing
screws)
 Service fluid
 UM1 user manual
 Charge line CL4
Fuel-cartridge holder with
belt FH1
Charge line CL4:
Mounting plate with belt MP1
Connecting line to fuel-cell 1m
Exhaust hose EH1
Off-heat duct OD1
Service kit
Battery fuse power 15 A
Length 0,5m
11
Battery fuse sense 2.0 A
Length 0,5m
3. Configuration
3.2
Overview
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
3.3
auto
reset
!
Charge line connection
Remote-control connection RC 1
Data interface
Fuel-cartridge connection
Connection for EH 1 exhaust hose and nozzle for
service fluid
Cooling inlet (reverse)
Warm-air outlet and connection for off-heat duct
Remote Control
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Display
Information button and language-selection button >>
On/Off button
Button for automatic operation auto
Yellow warning light “Please change fuel cartridge“
Red error warning light
Reset button reset
12
English
3. Configuration
3.4
Specifications
Performance
EFOY 600
EFOY 900
EFOY 1200
EFOY 1600
EFOY 2200
25 W
38 W
50 W
65 W
90 W
Charge capacity
600 Wh/Day
(50 Ah/Day)
900 Wh/Day
(75 Ah/Day)
1200 Wh/Day
(100 Ah/Day)
Nominal voltage
12 V
12 V
12 V
12 V
12 V
Charging current @ 12 V
2.1 A
3.1 A
4.2 A
5.4 A
7.5 A
Turn on threshold*
Ubatt < 12.3 V
Ubatt < 12.3 V
Ubatt < 12.3 V
Ubatt < 12.3 V
Ubatt < 12.3 V
Cut off threshold*
Ubatt >14.2 V
Ubatt >14.2 V
Ubatt >14.2 V
Ubatt >14.2 V
Ubatt >14.2 V
Required starting
voltage
>9 V
>9 V
>9 V
>9 V
>9 V
Quiescent current
requirement
15 mA
15 mA
15 mA
15 mA
15 mA
0.9 l/kWh
0.9 l/kWh
0.9 l/kWh
0.9 l/kWh
0.9 l/kWh
Product
Rating
Methanol requirement
Compatible batteries**
1560 Wh/Day 2160 Wh/Day
(130 Ah/Day) (180 Ah/Day)
12 V rechargeable (lead-acid or lead-gel) batteries
10 - 100 Ah
15 - 150 Ah
20 - 200 Ah
40 - 250 Ah
60 - 350 Ah
23 dB(A)
23 dB(A)
23 dB(A)
23 dB(A)
23 dB(A)
6 kg
6.2 kg
7.4 kg
7.6 kg
7.9 kg
General Specifications
Sound pressure level
at 7 m
Weight
Dimensions (LxWxH)
43.5 x 20.0 x 27.6 cm
Environmental conditions
Space requirement
(LxWxH)
51 x 35 x 30 cm (minimum)
Inclination along the
direct axis
continual:
35°
temporary (<10min): 45°
Inclination along the
quadrature axis
continual:
Operating temperature
-20 to +40 °C
Start temperature
+5 to +40 °C
Storage temperature
+1 to +45 °C
20°
* factory setting - can be modified with Interface Adapter and PC
** The default values are preset optimally ex works for the specified battery sizes. If the battery capacities deviate
greatly from these sizes, please contact your specialist retailer.
13
3. Configuration
Instrumentation
Operation
via remote control with four buttons and multilingual display
Electrical interface
MNL 4-prong plug
Type Tyco Electronics AMP Universal Mate-N-Lok (Mfr. No. 350779)
Fuel Cartridge
M5
M10
Volume
5 liter
10 liter
Weight
4.3 kg
8.4 kg
Dimensions (L x W x H)
19.0 x 14.5 x 28.3 cm
23.0 x 19.3 x 31.8 cm
14
English
4. Installation
4.
Installation
WARNING
Securely fasten unit and fuel cartridges when using on
board motor vehicles.
Do not operate unit if there is danger of explosion.
Unit is not watertight. Make sure that no water can
enter.
Keep unit and fuel cartridges away from children,
temperatures in excess of 45° C and direct sunlight.
4.1
Tools and Materials
You will need the following tools and sealants to install
the fuel cell:





electric drill
jigsaw
screwdriver
hexagonal (Allen) wrench
sealant such as Sikaflex
Use the following screws, depending on the mounting
surface (screws are not included):




8 screws to attach the mounting plate
4 screws to attach the remote control
4 screws to attach the fuel-cartridge holder
cable clamps and fixing screws, if needed
15
4. Installation
4.2
Space Requirements
Installation should be carried out by trained personnel
only. Wear proper work clothes. Avoid flowing
garments and wear a hair net if you have long hair.
Clothing and hair can get caught in moving or rotating
parts such as in a drill.
Be sure to leave enough space behind the installation
area when drilling or cutting out openings. Also be sure
to follow the tool manufacturer’s safety instructions.
Solvents used in sealants may emit fumes. Make sure
that there is sufficient ventilation and follow the
instructions for the sealing compound.
Make sure when choosing a location, that the
temperature ranges between –20° C and +40° C.
WARNING
This unit generates heat, thus requiring ventilation.
Please take this into account when considering
possible locations.
Provide for a vent opening measuring at least 10 cm
across when installing. Use the off-heat duct (included)
to remove warm air.
min.
cooling 10 cm
air
Install only in upright position. Use the mounting plate
(included).
Make sure that the device does not exceed the
maximum inclination.
Inclination along the direct axis:
continual:
35°
temporary (<10min):
45°
Inclination along the quadrature axis:
continual:
20°
16
English
4. Installation
All electrical connections, the fill opening for service
fluid and the fuel cartridge should be easily accessible.
Make sure that the fuel cartridge is located within
reach of the connecting hose (30 cm) and that the hose
is neither kinked nor crushed.
max. 30 cm
The fuel-cartridge hose and the exhaust hose may not
be damaged. Do not substitute another hose for either
of the two.
Use only original-equipment EFOY hoses.
4.3
Securing the unit
Select a suitable location as described in Chapter 4.2,
paying attention to the dimensions in Chapter 3.4.
1. Run the belt in the groove under the mounting plate.
2. Secure the mounting plate tightly to the desired
location. Use eight proper screws and dowels, if
necessary, so that the mounting plate cannot shake
loose in case of an accident.
3. Place the unit onto the mounting plate.
4. Strap the unit tightly to the mounting plate.
17
4. Installation
4.4
Off-heat duct
The off-heat duct (included) extracts warm air so that the
unit can also be operated in close quarters.
Use the bow to conduct warm air to the side.
warm
air
min.
10 cm
cooling
air
exhaust
If you do not need the off-heat bow, you can disconnect it
from the off-heat flange and connect the off-heat tube
directly to the flange.
Make sure that the off-heat tube is not kinked; use a
second bow if needed.
min.
10 cm
cooling
air
exhaust warm air
Sink the screws for the off-heat flange into the holes
provided.
Then pass the off-heat tube to the exterior. You will
need an opening with a 100 mm diameter.
Be careful of electrical lines when drilling. Your dealer
can provide information as to the location of lines.
18
English
4. Installation
Pass the off-heat tube through the opening; any excess
may be shortened.
It may be necessary to use an external face plate to
protect the outlet. Use a suitable sealant to prevent
moisture from penetrating into the body or into the
interior.
4.5
Connecting the Exhaust Hose
Within the fuel cell methanol and oxygen are converted
into water and carbon dioxide. This chemical reaction
generates off-heat which needs to be conducted
together with water vapour and carbon dioxide to the
outside.
WARNING
Connect the enclosed exhaust hose and always
evacuate the exhaust gases from the installation
compartment or site to outdoors.
Exhaust gasses contain moisture and may exceed
60° C, causing scalding. Exhaust byproducts may
contain injurious substances. Avoid inhaling exhaust
directly or for long periods of time.
To prevent freezing in winter, the exhaust hose may
not too long and should be cut diagonally to avoid the
emergence of drops.
At no time may siphoning occur in the hose. Make sure
that the hose is neither clogged nor blocked.
19
4. Installation
Routing the exhaust hose
Up
Down
Avoid siphoning

 Remove the cap from the exhaust port. Retain the
cap for winter storage or for possible returns.

Attach the exhaust hose (included) to the exhaust
port.

Take the exhaust hose out of the installation
space and seal the opening for the exhaust hose
with suitable sealing material. The exhaust
(which also includes condensate) can be directed
outside, to a wastewater tank or other suitable
container (on yachts also in the bilge). But make
sure that there is a hose that allows the gasses
including the carbon dioxide to evaporate.

The exhaust hose should be as short as possible.
The part of the hose at the outside should not be
longer than 5 cm. Cut diagonally the end of the
hose to avoid the emergence of drops.

The exhaust hose can be shortened as required.
The opening must have a diameter of 10 mm.

Make sure the exhaust hose has no kinks or
blockage and that exhaust can escape freely.
20
English
4. Installation
4.6
Installing the fuel-cartridge holder
WARNING
Keep fuel cartridge and all reserve cartridges away
from children. Keep cartridges away from heat and
out of direct sunshine.
Secure fuel cartridge and all reserve cartridges so
that they can not shift.
Make sure that the fuel-cartridge connecting hose is
neither crushed nor kinked.
warm air
Do not place fuel cartridges or reserve cartridges in
front of the air intake or outlet!
Do not place objects such as reserve fuel cartridges in
front of the air intake or outlet.
Place fuel cartridges next to or in front of the unit as
illustrated.
electrical connection
Install unit and fuel cartridge at the same level.
Secure the fuel-cartridge holder with four suitable
screws and dowels, if necessary, so that it will not shake
loose in the case of an accident.
21
4. Installation
4.7
Electrical Connections
WARNING
All work should be carried out by qualified technicians
in accordance with technical regulations.
Improper connections or the use of wrong gauge wires
could result in fire.
All wires must be properly insulated and have
adequate voltage rating. All connections must be tight.
The use of uninsulated wires and contacts is not
permitted.
Use the wire harness (included) to connect the unit.
The circuit connecting the battery must contain a fuse.
Alternatively, use the fuse (available as optional
equipment) to connect the battery.
Check the polarity (see illustration) before connecting
the unit.
Both sensor and power lines must always be
connected.
Always use separate lines for charging (power) and
for voltage metering (sensor) to the battery. Otherwise, the flow of current will cause false readings.
The charging lines consists of four leads that must be
connected to the battery as follows:
Power lead:
This lead carries current from the fuel cell to the
battery.
Power lead
Sensor lead:
This lead measures battery voltage.
Sensor lead
22
English
4. Installation
To minimize current loss in the leads, the following
cross section is recommended, should the battery
charging cable be insufficient:
Length [m]
<5m
5 – 10 m
10 – 15 m
min. cross section
2.5 mm²
4 mm²
6 mm²
Option:
Extension sense line 8 m (Art. No. 151 906 005)
Extension Power line 8 m (Art. No. 151 906 006)
4.8
Connection via the Central Electrical Box
(EBL)
red
brown
Fuse 2A
4
1
5
3
2
or
6

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
7
unit
connecting line to fuel cell
extension sense line (optional)
battery fuse 2 A
battery
extension power line with 2- or 3- pole plug (optional)
Central electrical box (EBL)
23
4. Installation
4.9
Connection directly to the battery
red
brown
Fuse 2A
4
1
5
3
2
6
Fuse 15A
7

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
unit
connecting line to fuel cell
extension sense line (optional)
battery fuse sense 2 A
battery
extension power line with 3-pole plug (optional)
battery fuse power 15 A
24
English
4. Installation
4.10
Connecting the Remote Control

The remote control (1) displays the current status and
is used to control the device. Mount the panel where it
is easily accessible such as in the cockpit.
1
Flush mounting:
2
If installing the panel flush with the surface of the
unit, make sure that there is a sufficient opening for
the electronic components behind the opening.
3
4
Flush mounting:
1
2
3
4
The secure the control panel (1) with four suitable
screws (4) and place the frame (3) over the control
panel.
remote control
opening
frame
screws
1
Use templates for drilling and sawing when flush or
surface mounting (2). Use a drill to start the opening
and then cut out the rest of the opening with a keyhole
or compass saw.
Surface mounting:
2
Secure the surface mount with two screws.
Connect the remote control with the DL 1 data line
(included).
3
4
Then secure the control panel (1) with four suitable
screws (4) and place the frame (3) over the control
panel.
Surface mounting:
1
2
3
4
remote control
surface mount
frame
screws
25
4. Installation
Connect the remote control with the DL data line
(included).
If the DL 1 data line is not long enough, you can replace
it with a commercially available network line that is
longer or shorter (Category 5 patch cable).
Then insert the plug into the left socket on the unit
marked “Remote Control“.
26
English
5. Operation
5.
Operation
CAUTION
Before connecting to the electrical system, make sure
the unit has been positioned properly and that the
electrical system is protected by fuses (as described
in Chapter 4.7)
Do not operate at temperatures above 40° C or below
- 20° C. If device has been exposed to temperatures
under 0° C without being connected to a battery or with
insufficiently filled fuel cartridge, it must stand at room
temperature for 24 hours before operating.
When the temperature exceeds 40°C, the device shuts
down automatically and restarts when the
temperature decreases.
5.1
Connecting the Fuel Cartridge
WARNING
For safety’s sake, use only original EFOY fuel
cartridges. Do not smoke while changing the
cartridge and avoid open flames! Do not expose fuel
cartridges to temperatures above 45°C.
Do not place the fuel cartridge in front of the air
intake or outlet.
Original-equipment EFOY fuel cartridges contain
EFOY-approved methanol. Even slight impurities in
commercially available methanol may cause
permanent damage to the unit and may void the
warranty.
Please observe the notices on methanol in Chapter
2.3.
27
5. Operation
Note: When the cartridge is empty, “Please change fuel
cartridge“ will appear on the remote control and the
yellow light will blink. The cartridge may be changed
while the system is running.
 Unscrew the empty fuel cartridge and remove.
 Close each cartridge tightly with the cap after use.
 EFOY fuel cartridges are intended for one-way use
only. They may not be refilled.
 Sort empty fuel cartridges with plastics. Dispose of
partly filled fuel cartridges in the same manner as
solvents or paint.
1
 Place a new sealed original-equipment EFOY fuel
cartridge into the fuel-cartridge holder (1).
28
English
5. Operation
2
 Fasten the belt on the fuel-cartridge holder (2). Do
not attach fuel cartridges without a fuel-cartridge
holder.
 Only remove the childproof cap when the new fuel
cartridge has been placed into the fuel-cartridge
holder (3).
3

Screw the connector onto the new fuel cartridge.
 Press reset on the control panel to extinguish the
yellow warning light and the maintenance message.
Note: A bottle of service fluid is included with the product.
Please carry it at all times.
Service fluid only has to be refilled if the EFOY fuel cell displays
“Please refill service fluid”.
The EFOY fuel cell is already filled with service fluid on delivery.
Service fluid may be required in extremely warm environments.
See page 45 for instructions on refilling the service fluid.
29
5. Operation
5.2
Select Language
 Press >> on the control panel for 2 seconds. The
control panel will display the language currently
selected.
Deutsch
 The following languages are available:
German (factory setting)
English
French
Italian
Dutch
Spanish
 Continue pressing >> until the desired language
appears.
 Then hold >> 2 more seconds in order to set your
language choice.
30
English
5. Operation
5.3
Display Information
The second line of the display provides information
about normal operation, errors or malfunctions (see
Chapter 7). The first line indicates the operating mode
selected, such as “Automatic“.
Charging mode
The unit charges the battery as needed or assists the
battery in providing output. The second line of the
display will indicate “charging mode“ as long as the unit
is providing voltage to the electrical system.
Automatic
The device goes through a cold start phase of about
20 minutes before reaching its full rated output.
Automatic
Start phase
Automatic
Standby
Automatic
Please change fuel cartridge
If the battery is sufficiently charged and the unit is not
providing input, the unit will remain in the standby
mode.
Should the device detect a malfunction such as an
empty fuel cartridge, it will shut down and advise you
how to correct the situation. (“Please change fuel
cartridge“.) Resume automatic operation using the
reset button after the error has been corrected. (See
also Chapter 7 Troubleshooting).
Further displayed information
By pressing the >> button, you can get following
information:
Automatic

Battery voltage

Charging current
Voltage 13.6 V
Automatic
4.6 A
Please note that the device interrupts power
generation briefly several times an hour during
normal operation and a charging power of 0.0 A is
displayed then.
31
5. Operation


Automatic
Firmware version
Firmware V06 11.02 L 12 V QB
Please check on a regular basis (at least once a year),
if software updates are available.


Automatic
Total operating hours
Operating hours 500 h
 Displays serial number (from production year
10/2009)
Automatic
100600-934-12345
The standard display will be restored after about
30 seconds. Alternatively, you can return to the
standard display by pressing >> again.
By pressing >> for approximately 2 seconds, you will
obtain the language menu (see Chapter 5.2).
5.4
Automatic Operation
Automatic operation will begin the moment that you
connect the unit to a battery. The unit will monitor
battery voltage by itself.
The fuel cell switches on automatically if the battery
voltage falls below 12.3 V. The battery is then charged
until the deactivation threshold, 14.2 V, is reached.
Note: To guarantee optimal battery maintenance, it is
important that the charge current is not stopped
abruptly when the deactivation threshold is reached.
For this reason, the EFOY continues to charge for up to
3 h after the deactivation threshold set is reached (by
default, 14.2 Volt is preset). The recharging period
depends on the battery voltage and the electricity
consumption.
The device goes through a cold start phase of about
20 minutes before reaching its full rated output. In
normal operation the current generation is
interrupted briefly a few times a second.
32
English
5. Operation

5.5
Switching On the Fuel Cell
If desired, you can switch on the unit manually
regardless of the battery voltage. The unit will then be
in the “charging mode“.
This function is only possible when the battery voltage
is below 13.2V
On
Charging mode
Press
on the control panel once if the unit has been
switched off, and twice if it is operating in automatic
mode. The unit will start up regardless of the battery
voltage and will continue charging until it reaches the
cutoff point
(Ubatt >14,2 V und Iout < 2A – 4A for EFOY 2200).
The device will then switch to automatic mode by itself
and will only charge if the battery or the demand for
power requires it.
33
5. Operation
5.6
Switching Off the Fuel Cell
Press
device.
on the remote control to switch off the
The unit will gradually shut down, performing various
function checks as it does so:
Off
Shutting down
To protect components, the unit must run at least
30 minutes before shutting down. If the unit is shut off
beforehand, it will continue running until 30 minutes
have elapsed. The message “Shutting down” will
appear in the display. Leave the fuel cartridge and the
battery connected during this time.
Please note that the fuel cell will only start up if it is
connected to an intact battery and full fuel cartridge.
The fuel cell will not switch on if the battery is
damaged.
34
English
5. Operation
5.7
Off
Battery protection
Battery protection
The EFOY fuel cell has an integrated battery protection
function. This function prevents deep discharge of the
battery when the operating mode is set to “Off”.
Battery protection is automatically activated when the
battery voltage is lower than 11.2 V for more than 15
minutes. The battery protection charging mode ends
when the voltage reaches 12.8 V.
This function only serves to protect the battery, and
does not recharge it.
Off
Battery protection -> to shut down
press off
Press the
button to switch off the fuel cell after the
battery protection function starts. The function is
reactivated automatically when the unit is switched on
or operated in automatic mode.
Note: If you stop protective charging manually, battery
protection is deactivated until the fuel cell is started
again. Deep discharge can damage your battery. If
battery protection starts repeatedly, please check
your system.
Battery protection only functions when a full EFOY
fuel cartridge is connected.
35
5. Operation
5.8
Off
Antifreeze mode
Automatic Antifreeze Feature
This unit features an intelligent antifreeze feature. The
unit can keep itself warm at temperatures below 3° C
as long as it is connected to a working battery and it is
supplied with methanol.
If the unit is in antifreeze mode, the message
“Antifreeze mode” will appear on the second line. The
first line will indicate the current operating mode, for
example “Off”.
The antifreeze function works only as long as a fuel
cartridge and a sufficiently intact battery are
connected.
The unit will not be able to start if the battery voltage
falls below 10.5 volts. Please note that the unit will
not recharge the battery if the voltage drops below
10.5 volts.
CAUTION
Please observe the following maintenance tips for
storage and winter operation:
1
To cut energy costs, we recommend dismounting
the unit and storing it away from cold if it is to be
inactive for longer periods of time. Dismounting is
easy; it requires just a few steps, no tools and no
particular technical finesse. Store the unit in the
original carton.
2
If, despite precautions, the unit does freeze, let it
thaw in a warm place for approximately 24 hours
before operating. Please note that the unit’s
performance may diminish if it freezes
repeatedly.
Running in straight antifreeze mode, the unit will
consume approximately 10 liters of methanol in the
course of a five-month Central European winter.
36
English
5. Operation
5.9
Storage

Off

Press
unit. 

Wait until the unit has shut down and the display has
disappeared (approx. 30 min.).

Unplug the charging line and the data line for the
remote control.

Store the plugs and lines in a cool, dry place.

WARNING
Do not smoke when handling unit and fuel
cartridge. Keep away from open flame!

Unscrew the fuel cartridge and close it with a cap.
Keep all elements clean.
Shutting down
on the remote control to switch off the
 WARNING
Keep unit and fuel cartridges – even empty or
partially empty cartridges – away from children
 Remove the exhaust hose. Keep it clean and place a
cap over the exhaust outlet.
 Remove the off-heat tube and the off-heat bow if
necessary.
 Release the belt and lift the unit off the mounting
plate.
 CAUTION
Store the device in a cool place but over 1 °C, since
the automatic frost protection system only
functions with connected fuel cartridges and
sufficiently charged batteries. (see Section 5.8)
37
5. Operation
 CAUTION
If the device is exposed to temperatures below
0 °C without connected batteries and sufficiently
filled fuel cartridges (frost protection), it must be
thawed out for approximately 24 hours at room
temperature before commencing operation.
 When transporting the device, use suitable
packaging, e.g. the original packaging, and cushion
the device to protect it from shocks. The device must
be standing upright when transported.
38
English
6. Maintenance
6.
Maintenance
6.1
Service
WARINING
Do not open unit! Unauthorized tampering may
jeopardize safe operation and void any warranty.
The unit does not contain any components that you
can service or repair yourself.
The unit is maintenance free under normal
operating conditions.
Please check on a regular basis (at least once a
year), if software updates are available.
EFOY Updater – Update your EFOY fuel cell quickly
It’s really easy: Simply connect the EFOY Updater to
the EFOY fuel cell and the update runs automatically.
For further information on firmware updates, please
contact your service partner or check our website:
www.efoy.com/en/updater
Or
Freecall: 00800 732 762 78
Hotline: +49 89 673 5920
[email protected]
39
6. Maintenance
6.2
Cleaning
WARNING
Switch off device before cleaning and unplug the
battery charging cable.
The device is not watertight. Make sure that moisture
cannot get inside.
Clean only with a soft cloth dampened with a mild
detergent.
Reconnect the battery charging cable after cleaning so
that the antifreeze feature remains activated. (See
Chapter 5.8).
40
English
7. Troubleshooting
7.
Troubleshooting
7.1
Safety
WARNING
Do not open unit! It contains no components that you
can repair yourself.
Contact SFC Energy AG if you are unable to correct a
malfunction using these instructions.
SFC Energy AG
Eugen-Sänger-Ring 7
D-85649 Brunnthal-Nord
Hotline: +49 89 / 673 5920
Freecall: 00800 / 732 762 78*
[email protected]
www.efoy.com
*The toll-free number is available in the following
countries: Germany, Belgium, Denmark, France, Great
Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Austria, Sweden,
Switzerland and Spain.
41
7. Troubleshooting
7.2
Problems and Solutions
The control panel signals problems via a red and/or
yellow light and a running message on the second line
of the display.
The messages will assist you in solving the problem
quickly and easily.
Press the reset button on the control panel AFTER the
problem has been solved.
Message
Solution
Check battery
or
No connect
or
Check connection
Battery voltage is too low.
Interruption: Surroundings too
warm (Error 32, 41)
Ambient temperature is too high. Unit will start
automatically as soon as temperature drops below
30° C.
Please contact service
(Error 1, 10, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17,
70, 73, 75, 76, 80, 83, 84)
Call the hotline at.
Please check exhaust hose
(Error 11, 12, 18)
Check that the exhaust hose has been properly
connected and arrange it so that condensation cannot
form.
If battery voltage is under 10.5 V, check connection
between unit and battery (see Chapter 4.710).
Freecall: 00800 / 732 762 78*
Hotline: +49 89 / 673 5920
[email protected]
www.efoy.com
Check for kinks. Clean hose if necessary and keep
opening clear. Shorten exhaust hose if condensation
forms.
42
English
7. Troubleshooting
Message
Solution
Please change fuel cartridge
(Error 20, 21, 22, 23)
Insert a new fuel cartridge as described in Chapter 5.1.
Check cartridge hose for kinks. Check hose and
connection for dirt. Position fuel cartridge on the same
level as unit.
Check connection and screw cartridge on tightly.
Please refill service fluid
(Error 30, 31)
Check that exhaust can escape and that ambient
temperature is below 40° C. Then add service fluid
(see Chapter 7.4).
Please defrost device slowly
(Error 40)
Unit has been exposed to temperatures below 0 °C
without being connected to a battery and sufficiently
filled fuel cartridge (automatic antifreeze feature). Let
stand at room temperature for approx. 24 hours.
Please check battery voltage
(Error 50, 51, 52, 53)
Error 50: Battery voltage is too low (sense line).
Error 51: Battery voltage is too high (sense line).
Error 52: Battery voltage is too low (power line).
Error 53: Battery voltage is too high (power line).
Check connections and whether the battery is the
proper type.
Check battery voltage. If too low, use an external
battery charger to recharge.
Check other charging devices such as generators or
regulators for defects.
Automatic restart
(Error 63, 65)
Unit is restarting automatically.
Please check fuel cartridge
connection (Error 72)
Check connection and screw cartridge on tightly.
43
7. Troubleshooting
7.3
Description
Problems without Error Messages
Cause
Solution
The device doesn’t respond and
Remote control is not
nothing is displayed on the remote connected or is
control.
incorrectly connected.
No battery connected,
wrong battery or
undercharged.
Check the connection of the
remote control (see chapter
4.10).
Check contacts, polarity
and cables. Connect a
charged battery to start
device.
Short-circuit fuse tripped. Check polarity of charge
line.
Turn off unit, check reason
for short circuit/overload or
wrong polarity and correct.
If problem recurs:
Contact the hotline at:
Freecall: 00800 732 762 78*
Hotline: +49 89 673 5920
[email protected]
www.efoy.com
44
English
7. Troubleshooting
7.4
Replacing Service Fluid
If service fluid is low the red light will come on and the
message ”Please refill service fluid“ will appear in the
control panel display.
NOTE
There is no need to add service fluid prior to the initial
start-up.
Use EFOY brand service fluid only.
Switch off the unit before refilling fluid. Unplug the
charge line.
Always keep the device’s service fluid nozzle clean.

 Use a clean pair of scissors to cut off the tip of the
cap.
The service fluid bottle is for one time use only.
 Remove the exhaust hose from the device’s service
fluid nozzle.
 Insert the tip into nozzle and gently squeeze the
entire contents into the nozzle.
 Never refill more than one bottle of Service Fluid at
45
7. Troubleshooting
a time.
 Wipe off any spilled service fluid with a cloth.
 Replace the exhaust hose.
 Reconnect the charge line.
 Press the reset button. The display will clear and the
device will return to its former operating mode.

Order a spare bottle service fluid at your local
dealer.
46
English
8. Appendix
8.
Appendix
8.1
Output characteristic
U-I and U-P characteristic as per CE test
47
8. Appendix
48
English
SFC Energy AG
Eugen-Sänger-Ring 7
D-85649 Brunnthal-Nord
Hotline: +49 89 / 673 5920
Freecall: 00800 / 732 762 78*
Fax: +49 89 / 673 592 369
[email protected]
www.efoy.com
*The toll-free number is available in the following
countries: Germany, Belgium, Denmark, France, Great
Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Austria, Sweden,
Switzerland and Spain.
49
UM1-GB 100712 User Manual. Copyright by SFC Energy AG 2010. All rights reserved. Subject to change without notice.
8. Appendix
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement