null  null
Programming Software
User Manual
PC-DSOFT6-M
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MANUAL REVISIONS
Please include the Manual Number and the Manual Issue,
both shown below, when communicating with Technical
Support regarding this publication.
Title: DirectSOFT 6 Programming Software User Manual
Manual Number:
PC-DSOFT6-M
Issue Date:
10/14
Issue:
Issue
1st Edition
1st Edition
Publication History
Date
10/14
Description of Changes
Original issue
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1: Introduction
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
The Purpose of this Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
Who Can and Should Use DirectSOFT 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
Only One DirectSOFT 6 Version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
Supplemental Manuals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4
Conventions Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5
Menu Selections and Keystrokes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5
Key Topics for Each Chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5
Chapter 2: Quick Start
Getting to Know Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Recommended System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
DirectSOFT 6 Package Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Installation of DirectSOFT 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3
Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-8
Welcome to DirectSOFT 100 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-12
Begin Editing a Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-14
1
Table of Contents
Establish the Communication Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-24
Connect the PC to the PLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-24
Monitor the Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-30
2
Chapter 3: Managing Projects
3
Started Using DirectSOFT 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
D GetUnderstanding
the Launch Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
5 Create a New Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-4
Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-4
6 New
Enter the New Project Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-4
7 Importing Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-5
8 Program Documentation Mapping from TISOFT and Logicmaster . . . . . . .3-6
9 Copy or Save Existing DirectSOFT Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
1 Chapter 4: Programming Environment
1 Offline Toolbar Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-2
2 Offline Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-2
Online Toolbar Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-5
3 Online Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-5
4 Additional Toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-6
The File Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-7
A The Edit Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-8
Search Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-9
B The
The View Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-10
C The Tools Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-11
PLC Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-12
D The
The PLC Diagnostics Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-13
The PLC Setup Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-13
The Debug Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-15
The Window Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-16
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The Help Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-17
The Custom Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-17
Status Bar Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-19
PLC System Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-19
Communication/Link Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-20
PLC Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-20
Program Memory Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-20
PLC Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-20
Program Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-20
The Options Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-21
Ladder Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-22
Global Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-23
Colors in DirectSOFT 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-24
Select New Colors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-24
Color Selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-25
The Default Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-25
Monochrome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-25
Colors Conveying Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-26
Select a Theme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-27
The Ladder Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-28
Be Familiar with the Ladder Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-28
The Split Screen Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-30
Split Screen Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-30
The New Window Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-31
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
I/O Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-2
Referencing Program Elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-4
Data Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-4
Aliases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-5
Timer/Counter Current Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-5
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
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Accessing I/O Points as Memory Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-5
Entering Program Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-6
The Instruction Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-6
Using the Ladder Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-8
Opening the Instruction Browser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-8
Shortcuts for Entering Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-11
Entering NO and NC Contacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-12
Entering Instructions in Parallel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-13
Entering Power Flow Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-14
Entering Special Case Elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-16
End Coil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-17
Setting and Resetting a Bit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-18
Using Floating Point Math . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-18
Drawing/Deleting Connecting Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-19
Drawing the Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-19
Create Midline Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-20
Deleting Connecting Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-20
Selecting Rungs for Deleting, Cutting or Copying . . . . . .5-21
Deleting Rungs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-22
Copying Rungs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-23
Cut and Paste Rungs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-25
Merge (Combine) Rungs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-26
Inserting Columns, Rows and Rungs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-27
Insert a Column to Add an Instruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-27
Insert a Row or Rung . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-28
Using Search and Replace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-29
Using the Object Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-29
The Search Range Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-30
The Document Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-30
The Object Table Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-30
Common Mistakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-31
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Failure to Enter the Edit Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-31
AND above a Join . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-31
Forgetting to Select Rungs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-31
Chapter 6: Documentation
Turn Documentation On and Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-2
The Options Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-2
Documentation Selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-3
General Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-3
Using the Documentation Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-4
Using the Scroll Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-4
Copying Documentation Between Elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-5
Documenting and Assigning Nicknames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-6
Create an Unassigned Nickname . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-6
Assign the Nickname to an Element . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-6
Entering Rung Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-9
Comments are Free-form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-9
Selecting Rungs for Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-9
Using the Scroll Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-10
Use the Editing Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-10
Move Rung Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-11
Entering Stage Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-12
Use Stage View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-12
Comments are Free-form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-13
Selecting Stages to Comment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-13
Editing the Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-13
Importing and Exporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-14
Exporting Program Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-14
Export Element Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-16
Export Rung Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-18
Importing a Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-19
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Importing Element Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-22
Importing Program Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-24
Insert Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-24
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2 Restore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-27
Documentation Loss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-28
3 Prevent
Save Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-28
D Backup Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-29
5 Chapter 7: Other Views
6 Tabbed Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-2
7 The Primary Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-2
8 Stage (RLL ) View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-4
Troubleshooting RLL
vs. RLL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-4
9 Stage Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-5
1 Mnemonic View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-6
Handheld Progammer Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-6
1 Cross Reference (XRef) View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-7
2 XRef Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-7
the XRef Query . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-8
3 Change
XRef Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-9
4 Usage Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-10
Usage Mode Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-10
A XRef DB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-11
B PID View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-12
PID Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-12
C Trend View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-14
D Creating a new Trend View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-14
PLUS
PLUS
Output Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-16
Bookmark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-18
View Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-19
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Chapter 8: Printing
Table of Contents
Print the Current View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-2
Print the Ladder View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-2
Other Print Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-3
Print Multiple Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-5
Print View Common Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-7
Using Print Preview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-8
Print Preview Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-8
Print Preview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-9
Print Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-10
Parts of Program not Printed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-10
Program Prints “Garbage” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-10
DirectSOFT 6 Crashes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-10
Print Setup Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-11
Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication
Links
Establish the Communication Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-2
Setup a Serial Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-2
Link Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-6
Setup an Ethernet Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-7
NetEdit3 Troubleshooting Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-12
Setup a Modem Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-14
Modem Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-14
Configuring the Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-18
Comm Link Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-22
Going Online . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-24
Connect the PLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-24
Use the Project Folder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-24
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Use the Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-24
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Monitor with Data View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-2
Using Data View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-2
Open a New Data View Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-2
A Closer Look . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-3
Data View Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-4
Select Bits for Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-5
Data View Documentation Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-7
Apply Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-7
Data View Mode Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-8
Make Data View Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-8
Data Format and Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-10
Write the Edits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-11
Auto-increment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-12
Editing Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-12
Save the Data View Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-13
Using Pause Bits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-14
Use Override Bits to Control I/O
(DL05/06/240/250-1/260/350/450 Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-15
Change Value Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-16
Use the Change Value Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-16
Specify an Element Reference or Nickname . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-17
Enter a New Value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-18
Using the Memory Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-20
Select the Locations to View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-20
Test Mode Operations for Debugging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-22
Select Test Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-22
Test Program Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-23
The Test Operations Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-24
Trap Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-25
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Access the Trap Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-25
Use with Data View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-27
Stack Monitor (DL440 Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-28
Access the Stack Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-28
Trend View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-29
Using Trend View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-29
The Crosshair Cursor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-30
Check DirectSOFT 6 File Revision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-33
Appendix A: Protocols and Cable Diagrams
Cables and Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-2
Programming Cable Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-6
AppendixB: Communications
Troubleshooting
Communications Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-2
Startup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-2
USB-TO-SERIAL Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-9
DUMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-10
Editing the DSxxx.ini File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-10
Windows XP and Windows 7/8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-10
Windows Vista . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-11
UAC = ON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-11
UAC = OFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-12
Other Editable Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-12
Other Possible Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-15
How to Change USB-Serial Port Assignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-15
“PORT UNAVAILABLE OR IN USE” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-15
Laptop AC Adapter Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-15
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DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER
1
In This Chapter
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
Conventions Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5
Chapter 1: Introduction
Introduction
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The Purpose of this Manual
This manual describes how to use the DirectSOFT 6 software for
programming and monitoring any of the DirectLogic and compatible
CPUs. This manual will not teach you how to develop a relay
ladder logic (RLL) program or attempt to familiarize you with
the instruction sets of the CPUs. Please refer to the applicable
PLC user manual for the RLL instructions. The Quick Start chapter
will show the first time user how to get started using DirectSOFT 6.
The balance of the manual will detail all of the programming tools
made available to the user.
Who Can and Should Use DirectSOFT 6
If you have a PLC belonging to the DirectLOGIC CPU family, you
can use DirectSOFT 6 to manage your existing ladder logic
programs and to create new ones. The families of PLCs that
currently exist under this description are shown below.
DirectLOGIC PLC Family
DL06 CPUs
Two built-in ports
Max. baud = 38.4 K
DL05 CPUs
Two built-in ports
Max. baud = 38.4 K
DL105 CPUs
One built-in port
Fixed baud = 9.6 K
DL205 CPUs
One built-in port D2-230; fixed baud = 9.6 K
Two built-in ports D2-240; max. baud = 19.2 K
Two built-in ports D2-250(-1)/260 max baud =38.4 K
DL305 CPUs
D3-330 requires D3-232-DCU; max. baud = 19.2 K
Two built-in ports D3-340/350; max. baud = 38.4 K
DL405 CPUs
Two built-in ports D4-430/440; max baud = 19.2 K
Four built-in ports D4-450; max. baud = 38.4 K
1-2
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 1: Introduction
Besides being easy to use, DirectSOFT 6 includes the following
new features:
• Crisp new graphics-based displays in Ladder View and Stage View with
alpha-blended Block Cursors.
1
• Color Setup dialog now offers selection of over 16 million colors -- along
with the ability to configure Block Cursor and Ladder View Box colors.
• Now ZOOM IN / ZOOM OUT to eleven (11) levels via new drop-down
Zoom control on the main offline toolbar.
• New Trend View tool which is a new debugging tool for tracking multiple
elements values over time.
• New graphical indicator denotes edge-triggered (vs. level-triggered)
Boxes and IBoxes in Ladder View.
• DirectSOFT now automatically Checks for Updates on startup. Also
added ability to manually "Check for Updates..." under the Help menu.
• Over 40 new IBoxes including: MOVER - Move Real, FILTERD - Filter
Over Time - BCD Double and DECBYBCD - Decrement by BCD
See the chart below for the PLCs and the supporting firmware
revisions required for the new IBox instructions.
PLC
Firmware
DL05
DL06
D2-250-1
D2-260
D4-450
5.10
2.10
4.60
2.40
3.30
Only One DirectSOFT 6 Version
There is only one DirectSOFT 6 version for the DirectLOGIC PLC
family. All licensed versions of DirectSOFT programming software
(v1.0 - v5.0) can be upgraded to version 6. Also, all programs
created with older versions of DirectSOFT are compatible with
DirectSOFT 6.
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Supplemental Manuals
Depending on the products you have purchased, there may be other
manuals that are necessary to use for your application.
1
2
3
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6
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User Manuals
• DL05 User Manual Ҁ D0-USER-M
• DL06 User Manual Ҁ D0-06USER-M
• DL105 User Manual Ҁ D1-USER-M
• DL205 User Manual Ҁ D2-USER-M
• DL305 User Manual Ҁ D3-USER-M
• DL350 User Manual Ҁ D3-350-M
• DL405 User Manual Ҁ D4-USER-M
NOTE: AutomationDirect also has many associated product user manuals,
such as analog manuals, which will assist you with your application.
Technical Support
We realize that even though we strive to do our best, we may have
arranged our information in such a way that you cannot find what
you are looking for. First, check these resources for help in locating
the information:
• Table of Contents – chapter and section listing of contents, in the front of
this manual
• Appendices – reference material for key topics, near the end of this
manual
• Index – reference for key items
You can also check our online resources for the latest product
support information:
• Internet – the address of our website is:
http://www.automationdirect.com
If you still need assistance, please call us at 770–844–4200 or visit
our technical support page at:http://support.automationdirect.com. Our
technical support team will be available to work with you to answer
your questions. They are available Monday through Friday from 9:00
A.M. to 6:00 P.M. Eastern Standard Time.
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DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Conventions Used
Chapter 1: Introduction
When the “notepad” symbol is shown in the left-hand margin, the
paragraph to its immediate right will be a special note. The word NOTE:
in boldface will mark the beginning of the text.
1
When the “exclamation mark” symbol is shown in the left-hand
margin, the paragraph to its immediate right will be a warning. This
information could prevent injury, loss of property, or even death (in
extreme cases).
The word WARNING: in boldface will mark the beginning of the text.
Whenever the “lightbulb” is shown in the left-hand margin, the paragraph
to its immediate right will provide a special tip. The word TIP: in boldface
will mark the beginning of the text.
Menu Selections and Keystrokes
When the software requires you to use a particular keystroke or
menu selection, the written instructions will be in boldface type.
Combination keystrokes will be separated with a plus (+) sign. For
example, Ctrl + C means: Hold down the Ctrl key and press the C
key. Menu selections can also be combinations and separated by a
greater-than sign. For example, File > Write Program > to Disk is
a menu selection combination.
Key Topics for Each Chapter
The beginning of each chapter will list the
key topics that can be found in that
chapter.
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Chapter 1: Introduction
Notes:
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DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
QUICK START
CHAPTER
2
In This Chapter:
Getting to Know Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Installation of DirectSOFT 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3
Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-8
Welcome to DirectSOFT100 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-12
Begin Editing a Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-14
Establish the Communication Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-24
Monitor the Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-30
Quick Start
1
Getting to Know Windows
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2-2
DirectSOFT 6 Programming Software runs under 32-bit or 64-bit
Windows operating systems (XP/Vista/7/8/8.1). It’s a good idea to
understand the operating system for your computer.
Recommended System Requirements
Check the following system requirements when choosing your PC
configuration.
• Pentium/Celeron CPU, 1 Ghz or greater
• Windows XP(Home and Pro)/Vista/7/8/8.1, 32-bit or 64-bit versions.
NO DOS, OS/2, Macintosh, XP 64-bit, Linux or Unix versions or 16-bit
versions
• 512Mb RAM
• 50Mb available hard drive disk space.
• CD-ROM or DVD drive
• At least one unused serial communications port,
USB with USB-to-serial adapter, 10base-T or 10/100
Ethernet Network Card when using Hx-ECOM or Hx-ECOM100
• 1024 x 768 resolution color SVGA monitor
Power Supply
It is recommended that the computer which DirectSOFT 6 operates
on has some form of power surge protection. A quality surge
protector will protect your computer from most surges and spikes;
however, an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) will provide the
best protection. A UPS provides isolation between the AC power
source and the computer. It also has a battery backup for blackout
and brownout conditions.
DirectSOFT 6 Package Contents
Now is the time to review the contents of your DirectSOFT 6
software package. you should have the following items:
• CD ROM
• Programming User Manual
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Installation of DirectSOFT 6
Quick Start
Step 1: Load the CD
DirectSOFT 6 Programming Software for DirectLOGIC PLCs is
available on the AutomationDirect CD. To install DirectSOFT 6,
insert the AutomationDirect CD into your PC’s CD drive. Select
“Open folder..” when autoplay dialog appears, or navigate to the
CD drive, and select the SetupDS6 executable.
Step 2: Exit all other Windows Applications
The dialog below issues a reminder to exit all other Window
applications. If you are unsure of the programs that may be
running, open the Task Manager by pressing the Ctrl-ALT-Delete
keys at the same time. Close any opened applications by selecting
them and clicking on the Close button of the Task Manager. Click
on the OK button to proceed with the installation.
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2-3
Quick Start
Step 3: Enter the Product Key Code
From this window, enter the Product Key that was e-mailed to you
(or the one who purchased the software), or phone 1-800-633-0405
and get the Product Key from either sales or technical support if you
did not receive it. This software package is protected by this Product
Key code. Only licensed users that have a Product Key code may
install the software. Enter the Product Key using all caps and any
dashes shown then click the Next button.
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Enter
Product Key
here
Then click on
the Next button
Step 4: Installing an Upgrade
If you are installing the DirectSOFT 6 upgrade version, setup will
search your PC to look for a previous version of DirectSOFT. If a
previous DirectSOFT version is not found, you will be prompted to
enter a valid product key code from a previous version of DirectSOFT.
Click here to proceed with
the DirectSOFT 6 installation
2-4
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Step 5: License Agreement
Quick Start
The wizard displays the “Software License Agreement” shown
below. Read the agreement and select I accept the terms of the
license agreement. Click Next to continue with the installation. If
you do not accept the license agreement, cancel the installation.
Click here if you agree with the
License Agreement’s terms.
Step 6: Enter the Customer Information
The “Customer Info” window requests the user name and
company. Enter the name of the person assigned to the
DirectSOFT 6 Programming Software and the name of your
company. Click the Next button to continue with the DirectSOFT 6
installation.
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Quick Start
Step 7: Select the Type of Installation
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2-6
The wizard now displays the “Setup Type” window. This window
allows you to select either the “Complete” or the “Custom” type of
installation. Complete is the most common selection. Custom allows
you to select the optional components you want. It is recommended
that you select Complete for your DirectSOFT 6 installation. Click
on the Next button to proceed with installation.
Step 8: Ready to Install
The wizard continues with the “Ready to Install the Program”
window appears. Verify the folder name where the DirectSOFT 6
files are to be stored. If this is the desired folder, click on the Next
button to continue with the installation.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Quick Start
The following window lets you know that the DirectSOFT 6
Programming Software is being installed onto your computer.
1
Step 9: Installation is Complete
The wizard now displays the “InstallShield Wizard Complete”
window shown below. Click on the Finish button.
If an Upgrade
If an older DirectSOFT version is found during the installation, you
will be prompted to make DirectSOFT 6 the default projects folder.
You will then be asked if you want the existing projects copied to
the DirectSOFT 6 projects folder.
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Quick Start
1
Getting Started
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2-8
Before beginning to edit a program, you need to open
DirectSOFT 6. Click on the DirectSOFT 6 icon located on
your desktop screen to open the DSLaunch window. You
can also click on Start located in the left-hand corner of the
computer monitor. Now select Programs, find DirectSOFT 6, then
select DSLAUNCH 6 in the drop-down window. If your computer is
connected to the Internet, the following DSLaunch window will
appear with What’s New. What’s New will have useful information
for the user from the AutomationDirect website.
DirectSOFT
on the Web
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Quick Start
If your computer is not connected to the Internet at the time of
launching DirectSOFT 6, the DSLaunch window will display a
message stating that the website is not available. This is okay. It
isn’t necessary to be on the Internet each time that DSLaunch is
opened. Our website can be accessed anytime the computer is
connected to the Internet by double-clicking DirectSOFT on the
Web.
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2-9
Quick Start
The main DSLaunch window is opened by selecting DirectSOFT 6
Programming located in the Applications section of the Menu
Tree. The launch window will then appear as follows.
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Utilities, such
as NetEdit3
DirectSOFT
Programming
Installed
Support
Communication
Links to PLCs
2-10
Windows-type
Menu Tree
From this window, additional utilities, such as, NetEdit, CTRIO WB,
etc., can all be launched from one central location. This is also used
to create and manage PLC programs and the communications links
between your personal computer and the PLC.
Notice the different areas which are pointed out in the launch
window.
NOTE: Also see DSLAUNCH comments in Chapter 3.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Quick Start
If you have been using previous versions of DirectSOFT
Programming Software, you will see that the DSLaunch window
looks much like it has for many years. Descriptions of the various
sections are as follows:
• Applications 앥 These are the applications currently installed in
DirectSOFT 6. They are visible in the Menu tree under the
Applications folder/icon and are linked to applications that have
been designed for launch from DirectSOFT 6. For example, to
create a new program, double-click the DirectSOFT 6
Programming name.
• Utilities 앥 Several utilities are available under this folder/icon. If
you have already installed available utilities, such as, NetEdit,
CTRIO Workbench, etc., these will be shown here. Shortcuts to
your favorite utilities can also be added by adding them to the
Utililities section of the DS600.ini file.
• Projects 앥 These are the programs which are created in
DirectSOFT 6. A project is the collective name for your program
and all of its documentation. When you create a new project or
work on an existing project, you will see it listed in the Menu
Tree under the Projects folder/icon by name. To open an
existing project, double-click on the project name. To open a
project not listed, right-click on Projects and select Browse to
locate the project, then select it.
• Comm Links 앥 This is for the communication links used to
connect from your PC to one or more of your PLCs. If there were
Comm Links existing in your previous version of DirectSOFT,
they will appear here. New Comm Links will also appear here
after they are setup.
The remainder of this chapter will be devoted to the following:
1. Create a new program.
2. Add some rungs.
3. Document the elements and rungs.
4. Connect to a PLC.
5. Download to a PLC.
6. Monitor the program and change status.
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Quick Start
1
Welcome to DirectSOFT100
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NOTE: If you have purchased the full version of DirectSOFT 6, go to page
2-14, Begin Editing a Program.
If you have loaded the free version of DirectSOFT 6, you should
know what you can and cannot do with the software.
What is DirectSOFT100?
2-12
The DirectSOFT100 software is provided as a solution for small
applications and to assist in your decision to purchase the full
DirectSOFT 6 programming software. There are, of course,
limitations to the use of DirectSOFT100. The following is what you
can and cannot do with the software:
• You CAN create a program from scratch, and it can be as large as you
want it to be.
• You CAN save programs larger than 100 words to disk, but you CANNOT
write it to the PLC.
• You CAN convert DirectSOFT100 version to the full version if you
purchase the key and enter the key code in the DirectSOFT100
dialog (it may appear often) or in the Help > About dialog.
• You CANNOT download a program to a PLC larger than 100 words.
• You CANNOT open an offline project larger than 100 words.
• You CANNOT open a program in the PLC larger than 100 words.
There are no other limitations. DirectSOFT100 is able to use all of
the features described in this manual. Many instances of
DirectSOFT100 can be running at one time and monitor any
number of data points. DirectSOFT100 is basically the same,
functionally, as DirectSOFT 6 (full version) except the ladder
program needs to remain within 100 words.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Using DirectSOFT100?
Quick Start
To begin a project, double-click on DirectSOFT 6 Programming
under Applications on the menu tree. The following Welcome to
DirectSOFT100 window will appear.
Click here to
begin a project.
Click on Run DirectSOFT100 and the New Project dialog will
open as shown on page 2-14. You can now begin to edit a
program following from Step 1.
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Quick Start
1
Begin Editing a Program
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You can now begin editing your program. The following steps will
show you the basics of editing with DirectSOFT 6. This will not be
an attempt to teach you how to develop a control program, but it will
give you the basics to get started using DirectSOFT 6 so that you
can edit a program.
Step 1: Start a New Project
2-14
To begin a new project, double-click DirectSOFT 6 Programming
under Applications in the menu tree. The following window will
appear. The New Project window is used to enter the basic
information to begin a new project. Name the new project, then
move the cursor to the Family area and select the PLC family to
match the PLC that you are using. Next, select the CPU type. Once
all of the information has been entered, click on OK. Keep in mind
that the available mnemonics, processing rules and the tool bar
characteristics are tailored to the Family and Type selections that
you make.
New Project window
...click on OK
Type a new name
Select the PLC Family
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Select the CPU Type
Quick Start
After clicking on OK, the next window to appear is the Ladder View
with a Tip of the Day dialog box as seen below. The Tip of the Day
dialog will appear each time a new project is started, and each
time an existing project is opened. If it is not desired to have this
dialog “pop-up” as mentioned, simply click off the check mark
preceding “Show tips at startup”. The tips dialog can always be
opened by clicking on Help > Tip of the day on the main menu
bar. More tips can be read by clicking on the Next button. After
clicking on the Close button the new Program display window will
be totally in view.
Show tips at startup
Regular users of DirectSOFT will note that the new programming
window looks a bit different than previous DirectSOFT
programming software. The “Online” and “Offline” toolbars have
the same layout as previous DirectSOFT programming windows
but a crisp new look for the button icons. Notice that some of the
toolbar icons are grayed-out and some of the icons are not. The
available icons in the online toolbar will be visible. As a program is
edited, more of the grayed-out icons will become visible. The online
toolbar is grayed-out and will remain this way until the PC is
connected to the PLC. See Chapter 4 for more toolbar features.
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Quick Start
Offline
Toolbar
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2-16
Online
Toolbar
Push-pin
Edit Mode
buttons
Cursor
Ladder Palette Bar
By default, there are two windows that will be in view when a new
project is opened. One is the Cross Reference View on the left and
the other is the Ladder View on the right. The Cross Reference
View is one of the dockable views in DirectSOFT 6 which also
includes Data Views and the Output window. These views can be
docked to any edge of the Programming Window or they can be
undocked and “float” to any part of the screen, even onto a different
display if you have multiple monitors. If the view is docked, you can
“auto-hide” the view by clicking on the push-pin in the upper righthand corner of the view. The view will auto-hide to the left of the
Ladder View with the name of the view on the tab. To bring the view
from auto-hide, hold the mouse cursor over the name in the tab. If
the view is not needed, click on the X located to the right of the
push-pin to close the view. See Chapter 7 to learn more about
views.
Notice the Ladder Palette Bar located to the right of the Ladder
View. The element buttons are grayed-out unless the Edit Mode has
been activated. To activate the Ladder Palette, click on either EDIT
Mode button; one is located on the Offline toolbar and one is
located at the top of the Ladder Palette. This palette can be
repositioned anywhere on the screen by “grabbing” it with the
mouse pointer at the top of the palette and dragging it to a new
position. The Ladder Palette contains the buttons that access the
rung elements and operations commonly used when editing ladder
logic programs.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Quick Start
The diagram below shows a newly opened Display window with the
Cross Reference View in the auto-hide position and the Ladder
View in full view.
Cross Reference View
in auto-hide position
It is good practice to leave the Cross Reference View open while
editing your program. The rung elements are added to the Cross
Reference View as the program is accepted.
Accepting a program will be discussed later in this chapter.
NOTE: The Cross Reference View can be retrieved by going to View on
the Menu Bar and select it from the drop-down menu, then click on the
push-pin to keep it in view.
Step 2: Select Edit Mode
The ladder View has two viewing modes; the Display Mode and
the Edit Mode. When a new program or an existing program is
opened, the Ladder View will be in the Display Mode which is only
a viewing mode. A program cannot be edited in this mode. In order
to edit a program, you must be in the Edit Mode. To enable the
Edit Mode, either click on the Edit Mode button on the Offline
toolbar or click on the Edit Mode button on the Ladder Palette Bar.
You will know when the Edit Mode is active when the cursor box
becomes solid, a box appears around the Edit Mode buttons and
the elements in the Ladder Palette are highlighted (see diagram on
the next page).
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Quick Start
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Edit Mode
(solid cursor box)
The Ladder Palette (shown below) may not be exactly like the one
you have on your computer screen. The elements shown in the
palette will depend on which CPU your PLC is using. This example
shows the elements common to most of the CPUs.
Edit Mode
Accept
Not Equal to
Contact
2-18
Equal to/or
Greater Than
Contact
Normally Closed
Immediate
Negative
Contact
Differential
Contact
Normally Open
Positive
Equal to
Immediate
Differential
Contact
Contact
Contact
Normally
Closed Contact
Normally Open
Contact
Less Than
Contact
Browse
Coils
Browse
Contacts
Browse
Boxes
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Wire to Output
Browse
Elements
Wrap Wire to
Stage
Quick Start
Step 3: Enter an Input Element
Use the Ladder Palette to enter the first instruction of the program.
First, click on one of the Edit Mode buttons to begin to edit your
program. The rectangular edit cursor will change to a solid color.
The edit cursor should be positioned to the far left on Rung 1. Your
first entry can be placed here, normally a relay contact or an
element. Click on the Normally Open Contact symbol on the
palette.
The cursor will change to a box with an open relay contact, a
window with the text cursor blinking at the end of address C0
(highlighted) and green, valid entry, indicators.
Enter the
contact
Delete the
edit box
Open the
Element Browser
Valid entry
indicators
Default
address
If the green dot changes to red, it means that the address is
incorrect, not valid or a wrong character. For example, if you typed
the letter “O” instead of the digit “0”, the indicator would turn red
and stay red until you correct the mistake. For this example, enter
X0 over C0. The valid entry indicator should be green meaning the
address is correct. Now, either click on the check mark (冑冑) or press
the Enter key.
Enter X0
Notice the Valid entry
indicator will be green
when a valid contact
address is entered
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Quick Start
The element will be entered and the cursor will move to the next
entry position. A yellow vertical bar will appear to the left of the left
of Rung 1. The yellow bar indicates that an instruction (or
instructions) has been entered, but the program has not been
accepted (compiled).
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Yellow
colored bar
indicates the
rung has not
been
accepted.
Step 4: Enter an Output Element
2-20
Now, move the cursor to the end of the rung, positioned over the
NOP. Click on the Browse Coils button on the Ladder Palette. The
Instruction Browser will appear with the Standard Coil selected
as the default. Click OK to enter the standard coil. Keep in mind
that one of the other output coils could have been selected.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Quick Start
The Instruction Browser will be replaced with the element entry box.
The default address, C0, will be highlighted. Enter Y0 and notice
the valid entry indicator is green for a proper entry. Either click on
the (冑冑) or press the Enter key to enter the output coil.
Enter Y0 here
Rung 1 has now been programmed. This rung can be downloaded
to the PLC except for one missing rung. All programs must be
terminated with an END Coil rung.
Step 5: Enter the End Rung
To program this rung, position the cursor so it is over the NOP at
the end of Rung 2, and click on the Browse Coils button. The
Instruction Browser will appear as shown in the diagram below.
This time, select Program Control located in the Coil Class
selection window. Next, select END located in the Coils selection
window. Click on OK, then Enter.
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Quick Start
The below diagram shows the two rungs that have been
programmed. This is a basic program that can be downloaded to
your PLC. Additional rungs can be programmed, but you can go
ahead and accept the program
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Accept
buttons
Step 6: Accepting and Saving the Program
2-22
The program now needs to be accepted in order to be downloaded
to the PLC. As noted in the above diagram, there are two Accept
buttons. Click on either Accept button to compile the program. Once
the rungs are accepted with no errors, the yellow bar will change to
green, the Accept buttons will be grayed-out and the Cross
Reference View now shows the two elements that have been
programmed.
Read and
Write buttons
Programmed
elements now
appear in the Cross
Reference View
Green bar
indicates the rung
has been accepted.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Quick Start
Notice that the two Read and Write buttons located to the left of the
Offline toolbar are enabled and no longer grayed-out. The program
can now be saved to the PC’s disk. To write the program to disk,
click on the Write button. It is not necessary to save the program
in order to download the program to the PLC, however, it is good
practice to save your work as you edit a program. A mistake may
be made at times and you may want to restore the program to the
state that it was before the mistake was made. If a mistake is
made and you want to restore the program, click on the Read
button. This will refresh the screen with the previously saved
version of your program.
NOTE: When the program is saved by clicking on Write (only to disk), the
ladder program is all that is saved. Once you have edited a program and
have included total documentaion, you will want to save all that you have
done. This is accomplished by selecting File > Save Project > to disk. You
can also click on Backup to accomplish the same thing with the addition of
a Backup file. For more detail about documenting and saving the project
refer to Chapter 6.
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Quick Start
Establish the Communication Link
In order to download a program to the PLC a communication link
must be established. This section will step you through the
procedure for setting up the serial port of your PC. Refer to Chapter
9 if you need to create a serial link for a modem, or an Ethernet link.
The following procedure will step you through the process of
connecting the example program to a PLC.
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Connect the PC to the PLC
Connect the programming cable from the serial port of the PC to the
serial port of the PLC. Turn on your PLC and be sure that the
RUN\TERM\STOP switch on the PLC is in the TERM position. Now,
click on PLC on the Menu Bar, then select Connect from the dropdown menu and the Select Link dialog will appear. Since there isn’t
a link to chose, click on Add.
Step 1: Select the Port
2-24
The following Link Wizard dialog will appear showing a list of
communication ports. Select the port you will use (commonly
COM1) and click
Next.
DirectSOFT 6 will
automatically find any
communications ports
that are shown in the
Windows Device
Manager. If a port is
not shown please
close all DirectSOFT
6 windows and restart
the program.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Quick Start
Step 2: Select the PLC
The next window will show a list of PLC Families. Select the PLC
family by clicking on the appropriate choice. If you are unsure of
the PLC family but know which communications protocol to use,
select “Not Sure”. If you are using a DirectLOGIC compatible
PLC, the Link Wizard will try and detect the PLC type
automatically. Click Next when you are finished.
NOTE: DL 0/1/2/4/350 should be selected for the following PLC families:
DL05, DL06, DL105, DL205, D3-350 and DL405.
Step 3: Choose the Protocol and Node Address
In this step, you will see a choice of either DirectNET or KSequence. Assuming you have selected the DirectLOGIC PLC
family (not the DL305), the default, K-Sequence, will be
highlighted. The K-Sequence protocol allows you to perform write
operations to individual
discrete I/O points and
control relays.
DirectNET protocol
cannot write to individual
bit locations. (See
Appendix A for a list of
protocols available for
DirectLOGIC and
compatible PLCs).
If your PLC has been
configured with a node
address other than 1,
enter that address now. Click Next when finished.
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Quick Start
Step 4: Name the Link
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If the Link Wizard is successful in communicating with the PLC, the
following window will prompt you to enter a unique link name, and a
description of the link if desired. The description field allows 32
characters. Enter the name for the link and description then click
Finish and the Select Link dialog will appear with the link name
listed.
Since the link that was just created is the only one named in the
dialog, click on Select to initiate connecting to the PLC.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Quick Start
DirectSOFT 6 automatically compares the currently open program
with the program stored in the PLC. The following Online/Offline
Differences dialog box will appear. This dialog asks which copy of
the ladder logic program is to be viewed, the copy in the PLC or
the copy on the PC. Since we are dealing with a new program,
select the Use Disk button. The Use Disk button is used whenever
you have made a change to a program in the PC, and you are
going online to load it into the PLC. If the Details button is
pressed, a side-by-side comparison of the program in the PLC and
the program on the PC will appear, such as the Compare
Programs dialog seen below. The program selection can also be
made from this dialog.
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Quick Start
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After clicking on the Use Disk button, the programming window will
look a bit different. Notice that the icon buttons in the Online
Toolbar are no longer grayed-out. The indicators at the bottom of
the window tell you that the PLC is okay, the PC is online with the
PLC and the PLC is in Program Mode. At this point the program
has not been written to the PLC. You will also notice the two left
most buttons on the Online toolbar (Read PLC and Write PLC) are
highlighted. To write the program to the PLC, select Write PLC. A
pop-up indicator will appear to let you know that the program is
being written to the PLC.
Read PLC and
Write PLC
buttons
Click on the Mode
button to change the
PLC mode
After the program has been written to the PLC, all that needs to be
done is to place the PLC in the RUN Mode. Click on the Mode
button on the Online toolbar. This will bring the PLC Modes dialog
window into view. Click on Run, then OK and the PLC will be in the
RUN Mode.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Quick Start
Notice the green indicator at the bottom of the Ladder View. It
shows the PLC is now in the Run Mode. How do you know that
your program works? The best way is to monitor the program
while the PLC is online.
Green indicating
Run Mode
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Quick Start
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Monitor the Program
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There are many things that can be monitored in the relay ladder
program by simply clicking on the Status button on the online
toolbar. The monitor mode can be turned On and Off by clicking on
the status button. When in the status mode, the element background
will change to blue (by default) to indicate power flow when the input
element is turned on. If there is power flow, the output background
will also change color.
Background color
to indicate power
flow (I/O On).
The program editing and testing is now complete. The example
program is the most simple program that can be written. You can
add to this program by inserting rungs before the END rung (Rung
2) or by deleting the END rung and continuing to edit additional
rungs. Do not forget to end your program with an END rung.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Quick Start
The following picture is an example of how you might continue
with your program. Note the Cross Reference View and the Data
View. Chapters 9 and 10 will explain how to use these views.
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Quick Start
Notes:
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DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
MANAGING
PROJECTS
CHAPTER
3
In This Chapter
Get Started Using DirectSOFT 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
Create a New Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-4
Importing Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-5
Copy or Save Existing DirectSOFT Files . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
Chapter 3: Managing Projects
Get Started Using DirectSOFT 6
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To open DirectSOFT 6, double-click on the DirectSOFT 6
icon which was installed on your desktop screen during
the installation of the software. You can also click on Start
located in the left-hand corner of the computer monitor. Once you do
this, select Programs, find DirectSOFT 6, then select DSLaunch 6
in the drop-down window. The DSLaunch window, shown below, will
appear. The DSLaunch window displays all of the applications and
PLCs that DirectSOFT 6 supports.
Understanding the Launch Window
DirectSOFT 6 Programming Software is much more than a PLC
programming package. With the Launch Window concept, utilities,
such as, NetEdit, CTRIO WB, etc., can all be launched from one
central location. The Launch Window is also used to create and
manage PLC projects and the communication links between your
personal computer and the PLC.
Notice the different areas in the Launch Window. There is a menu
tree very similar to what is in Windows Explorer. All that you see in
the menu tree can be accessed from the tree.
Utilities, such
as NetEdit
Installed
Support
Communication
Links to PLCs
Windows-type
Menu Tree
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DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 3: Managing Projects
The menu tree has four folder/icons which are:
• Applications - These are the applications currently installed in
DirectSOFT 6. The only installed application available is DirectSOFT
6 Programming. This is the point where you start a new project.
• Utilities - Several utilities are installed here such as, ERM
Workbench, CTRIO Workbench and NetEdit. They are installed
automatically when DirectSOFT 6 is installed.
• Projects - This folder/icon will contain the projects which are created
in DirectSOFT 6. A project is the collective name for your ladder logic
program and all of the documentation associated with it. Newly
created projects and existing projects will reside here. As projects are
created, they are added to the end of the list.
• Comm Links - This folder/icon will contain the communication links
between the personal computer and the different PLCs that you have
(See Chapter 9).
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Chapter 3: Managing Projects
Create a New Project
New Program
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To create a new program, double-click on DirectSOFT 6
Programming in the Applications folder on the DSLaunch menu
tree.
Double-click here
to start a new
program
Enter the New Project Information
The New Project dialog box is used to define several things.
• New Project Name Ҁ enter a name for your project (up to 32 characters
- no extension).
• Family Ҁ select the DirectLOGIC PLC family (or compatible) you will be
using.
• Type Ҁ select the CPU you are using from the available list. Remember,
different PLCs use similar instructions, but they are still different in some
ways. For this reason, it is extremely important that you specify the
correct CPU.
• Browse Ҁ you can keep the default project path,
c:\DirectSOFT6\projects, or use the Browse button to either select a
project not shown on the menu tree or a different folder with the project
listed in it.
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DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Importing Projects
Chapter 3: Managing Projects
You may already have TISOFT or Logicmaster programs stored
on your PC’s hard drive or on a disk. You may also have projects
that were exported from DirectSOFT version 5. Use the following
procedure to import these programs.
1. Open the New Project dialog as described on the previous page.
2. When the New Project dialog appears, click on the Cancel button.
The programming window will remain on the screen.
3. Click on File on the toolbar, then select Import > Program. The
Import Program dialog will appear as shown below.
4 Locate the program to be imported by selecting Look in:, then the
location of the program.
5. Select the Files of type: to choose the correct file, such as, TIsoft
(*.vpu).
6. Select the program to be imported (up to 32 characters with no
extension) from the location where the program is found. The file
name should appear in File name: area.
7. Either enter a name for the project in the New Project: area or use
the Browse button to select the name from a location of your choice to
store the project.
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8. Click on the Open button to start the import process. An indicator
window will appear to let you know that the program is being imported.
After the program has been imported, it will appear as a normal
DirectSOFT 6 program.
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Chapter 3: Managing Projects
Program Documentation Mapping from TISOFT and
Logicmaster
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Although most of the documentation will have a counterpart in
DirectSOFT 6 some of the documentation will not. The following table
shows what is imported, what is not and the DirectSOFT 6 counterparts.
TISOFT Source Documentaion
DirectSOFT 6 Documentation
Logicmaster Source Documentaion
DirectSOFT 6 Documentation
Title Page
Synonyms
Comments (tied to output coil)
Descriptions
Nicknames
Names
Comments
Coil Labels
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Title Page Editor
Element Description
Rung Comments (tied to rung)
No Match
Nicknames
Description
Comments
No Match
Chapter 3: Managing Projects
Copy or Save Existing DirectSOFT Files
The question often arises as to what is needed when copying
existing DirectSOFT files to a different memory area or directory.
If you are a first time user of DirectSOFT 6 and have no existing
files to transfer, then you may skip this page and read it later.
By default, projects are stored originally in the Projects
subdirectory, however, they can reside in areas other than the
default projects subdirectory. It really does not matter where they
are storedҀthe method for copying or saving these existing files
to another area is the same in each case.
If you look where the projects have been stored, you will notice
the main file for the project will always have a .prj extension after
its root filename, but there are other files with the same root
filename. This can be a little confusing to new users. This is due
to the fact that DirectSOFT 6 performs a filename creation
behind the scenes, and you don't get involved with the initial
storage except to indicate the root filename and directory path.
A frequently asked question is "which of these files do I need
when making the storage transfer?". Copying or saving the
filename.prj will be insufficient to truly transfer the total project.
Not all of the files are necessary to recreate the program, but if
you eliminate any of them, you may lose some important
documentation and indexing information. The table shown on the
following page lists the different file extensions and what they
contain. The safest choice is to save or copy all files for a project
having the same root filename, regardless of the different file
extensions (see the table on the next page).
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Chapter 3: Managing Projects
DirectSOFT 6 Project Files
File Extension
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dataviewname.dta
filename.dv
filename.esd
filename.esx
filename.inf
filename.lcd
filename.lcx
filename.lda
filename.ldo
filename.pid
filename.prj
filename.prt
filename.rd
filename.rf
filename.scd
filename.scx
filename.tls
filename.vd
filename.vf
filename.wsp
filename.xml
Contents
Data views are not associated with one single
project, but can be shared among multiple projects
DV1000 setup
Element documentation
(nickname, wiring information, description)
Index file for the element documentation
Project information
Ladder rung comments
Index file for the ladder rung comments
Connects rung comments to correct rung no.
Online only: connects to correct rung number
(temporary until saved offline to *.lda)
PID documentation
Contains the ladder program
Print settings
305 R-memory data
305 R-memory editor format
Stage comments
Index file for stage comments
PLC parameters, I/O configuration, pause bits
V-memory data
V-memory editor format
Position of program windows, colors, etc.
Docking pane layouts
Files Associated with DirectSOFT 6 Project Files
File Extension
importexport doc.namename.csv
ctrioworkbenchname.cwb
ermworkbenchname.erm
importexportmnemonicname.txt
Contents
Comma Separated Variable
Counter I/O configuration
Ethernet remote master configuration
Text file
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
PROGRAMMING
ENVIRONMENT
CHAPTER
4
In This Chapter
Offline Toolbar Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-2
Online Toolbar Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-5
Additional Toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-6
The Options Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-21
Colors in DirectSOFT 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-24
The Ladder Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-28
The Split Screen Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-30
The New Window Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-31
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
Offline Toolbar Components
Once the Program Window has been opened, the Online and Offline
toolbars are in view. The diagram below shows the default location
of the Online and Offline Toolbars whenever a new program is
started. The grayed-out icon buttons become highlighted as the
program is being edited. Along with the toolbar icon buttons, the
button functions are also available from the menu bar located at the
top of the program window. The grayed-out Online toolbar will
become available once the PC is online with the PLC.
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Menu bar
Online Toolbar
Offline Toolbar
The toolbars are movable, or floating. By selecting the toolbar and
dragging it with the mouse, the toolbar can be located wherever the
programmer wishes to place it on the desktop.
Offline Toolbar
Read from Disk
This button is used to retrieve and open a program from the disk.
The program will appear in the Ladder View.
Write to Disk
The ladder logic program will be saved to the .prj project file on disk
(not the entire project). It is a good practice to save your work
frequently. This helps prevent data losses in the event of a system
problem, such as a power failure.
New Offline Project
This button will begin a new project offline. This button can be used
with a project already open. The project will not be overwritten with
the new project. You will be prompted to save the project before a
new Ladder View will appear. An Offline Project includes the
program, as well as other types of data, like V-Memory and
documentation.
Open a Project
This will open an existing project. A project can be opened when an
existing project is already open. You will first be prompted to save
your project, then the project that has been selected will be opened.
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Chapter 4: Programming Environment
Backup to File
Click on this button to make a backup copy of your project.
Edit a Program
This button will turn on the Edit Mode. When the ladder view is in
Edit Mode, the edit cursor will be a solid block on the screen. Click
the Edit Mode button again to toggle back to Display Mode.
Accept the Program
Before the edited program can be downloaded to the PLC, the
Accept button must be pressed. Once this is done, the program will
be compiled; in other words, the program is put into a form that can
be downloaded to the PLC.
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Cut
7
This button is available in the Edit Mode. It allows the programmer
to delete a marked, or selected, rung or rungs from the program and 8
place it on the clipboard.
9
Copy
This button allows the programmer to copy one or more marked, or
0
selected, program rungs to the clipboard (see page 5-21).
Paste
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Whenever rungs are cut or copied, they are stored on a clipboard.
Position the cursor where you want the rungs to go, then use this
2
button to paste the rungs currently on the clipboard to the new
location.
3
Find
4
This button is used to locate an element within a program. The
element can be selected with the cursor before using the button or
A
click on the button and enter the element to be found.
Next
B
Using this button will find the next occurrence of the element
specified when the Find button has been used.
C
Browse for an Element
D
This button provides a quick overview of valid element ranges and
nicknames for the current content as well as a convenient way to
document an element.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
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Chapter 4: Programming Environment
Display the Options Dialog
Using this button will display the Options Dialog which will allow the
programmer to set up the different views available to the
programmer.
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Zoom
This selection is used to either increase or decrease the size of the
current program view. Click the arrow to select the desired size from
the drop-down menu.
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DS on the Web
This button will open the DirectSOFT on the web window.
Help
This button will open the Help menu window.
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Chapter 4: Programming Environment
Online Toolbar Components
The following button icons are available after the PLC is placed
online.
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Online Toolbar
Read the Program From PLC
This button will read the program from the online PLC.
Write the Program to PLC
This button will write the program to the online PLC.
Program Status
This button will turn on the status display for the current view.
New Data View
Using this button will open a Data View window (see Chapter 10).
Change Value
This button will open the Change Value window to allow the
programmer to change element status, values, etc..
New Trend View
This button will open a Trend View window (see Chapter 10).
PLC Mode
This button opens the Mode window to display the current mode of
the PLC and to allow the Mode of the PLC to be changed. Choices
are Run, Program and Test.
System Information
Use this button to open a window with the version, status and error
information about the PLC.
Syntax
This button will run a Syntax check of the PLC and a Duplicate I/O
check.
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Additional Toolbars
In addition to the default Offline and Online toolbars, other toolbars
can be activated and used if desired. To view additional toolbars
click on View > Toolbars and select the toolbar or toolbars that
would assist you with editing your program. The Toolbar selection
window lists fourteen toolbars and a Customize option. The three
toolbars at the top of the list are checked since they are the default
toolbars. The rest of the toolbars are optional, and they can be
selected if desired. Note the down arrow at the end of each toolbar.
This down arrow allows the programmer to customize the toolbar by
adding or removing buttons.
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Add or Remove
Buttons
After selecting the file toolbar, it will be added to the Ladder View
window beneath the Online toolbar as shown in the diagram below.
This toolbar can be moved to any location of the programmer’s
preference by dragging it with the mouse arrow.
Added Toolbar
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The File Toolbar
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
The File Toolbar duplicates the more commonly used commands
from the main menu File. Notice that the icon buttons are in groups,
divided by a gray vertical line.
New Online Project
Create a new project that linked to the PLC.
Close Project
This button will close the current project. A message window will
pop-up if the program has not been saved. The program can then
be saved.
Save Project to Disk
This button will save the entire project to disk, and will also create a
new auto-backup version of the project.
Save Project to PLC
Use this button to save the entire project to the PLC.
Save As to Disk
Use this button to save the active project to a different disk file.
Import
This button will allow the programmer to import a project from a
non-DirectSOFT 6 format.
Import Element Documentation
This button allows the programmer to import a document containing
nicknames, wiring information and descriptions from comma
separated variable (.csv) text format.
Import Rung Comments
This button will allow the importation of rung comments in text form.
Export
This button is used to export a project to a non-DirectSOFT 6
format (see Chapter 6).
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Chapter 4: Programming Environment
Export Element Documentation
This button allows the programmer to export element documentation
containing nicknames, wiring information and descriptions in the
current DirectSOFT 6 project to a text file in comma separated
variable text format.
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Export Rung Comments
This button will allow the programmer to export the active ladder
logic rung comments in text form.
Preview the Program
Use this button to display the current view as it would appear in
printed format. Once previewed, the program can be printed.
Print
This will allow the printing of the current view and selected
documents.
Print All
Use this button to allow the programmer to print all of the
documents that are selected.
Setup
This button will open the printer setup dialog.
Properties
This button will show the project properties.
Exit
This button will allow the programmer to exit the project. If the
project has not been saved, a pop-up window will remind the
programmer to save the project, otherwise, the project will close.
The Edit Toolbar
The Edit Toolbar is only active in the Edit Mode. It duplicates some
of the main menu Edit commands.
Undo
Use this button to undo the changes to the current rung that has
been edited and not yet compiled. The edit cursor must be on the
rung to be restored when the undo button is clicked on.
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Chapter 4: Programming Environment
Delete
The Delete button will delete the element under the edit cursor. If
there is no element under the cursor to be deleted, a pop-up
message asks if the rung is to be deleted. If multiple rungs are
selected (highlighted), it will delete these rungs (See Chapter 5).
Insert
This button will allow rows and columns to be inserted in a rung.
Merge the Previous Rung
This button will merge the previous rung with the current rung.
Merge the Next Rung
Use this button to merge the next rung with the current rung.
Browse Contact
This button will open the Instruction Browser window ready for a
contact to be selected.
Browse Coil
This button opens the Instruction Browser window ready for the
selection of a coil.
Browse Boxes
Use this button to open the Instruction Browser with the box
instructions available for selection.
The Search Toolbar
The Search Toolbar only contains two command buttons, Replace
and GoTo.
Replace
This button will activate the replace dialog so the programmer can
search for an object in the program, or a range of elements and
replace them.
GoTo
This button activates a Goto dialog so the programmer can enter a
rung number or addresss he wishes to view. Pressing OK will
display the cursor on the desired rung/address.
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Chapter 4: Programming Environment
The View Toolbar
The View Toolbar has five buttons that can alter the appearance of
the software.
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Customize
This button allows the programmer to display or hide the various
Toolbars, to modify the commands that appear on each Toolbar, or
to create your own Custom Toolbars.
Themes
Use this button to select from a variety of User Interface Themes
that will give DirectSOFT 6 a new look and feel. You can chose
themes, such as, the Office XP theme, the Office 2003 theme, the
Mac theme, et al.
Colors
Use this button to activate a Color Setup dialog so the programmer
can select different colors for various items in DirectSOFT 6, such
as, the background for the Ladder View.
Zoom In
This button will increase the size of the current program view.
Zoom Out
This button will decrease the size of the current program view.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
The Tools Toolbar
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
The Tools toolbar duplicates the Tools menu from the main menu.
These buttons can be a valuable asset to the programmer.
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2
3
Memory Editor
This button will open the Memory Editor dialog which will allow the 4
programmer to edit data in V-memory (or R-memory in 305 / 305S
PLCs).
5
Documentation Editor
6
This button opens the Documentation Editor view to be used to
define Nicknames, Wiring Information and Descriptions for the
7
elements which are used in the program.
Assign Nicknames
8
DirectSOFT 6 allows the programmer to create an entire program
9
with Nicknames without first assigning them to the actual elements
(addresses) a.k.a. Symbolic Programming. When the program is
0
ready to be written to the PLC, pressing the Nicknames button
opens the Assign Nicknames dialog where the programmer can
1
assign actual elements (addresses) to the unassigned Nicknames
used in the program.
2
Comment
This button activates the Edit Comments dialog where the
3
programmer can create or modify the comment for the current rung
in the Ladder View, or the current stage in the Stage View.
4
Title
A
Use this button to allow the programmer to Edit the title for the
project.
B
Compare
This button provides a window so the programmer can compare the
C
current program with another program on disk or with the program in
the PLC.
D
Insert Instructions
This button is used to insert instructions from a Mnemonic text file
into the current program, optionally including element
documentation.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
4-11
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
The PLC Toolbar
The PLC toolbar duplicates some of the features found on the PLC
menu menu bar.
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Connect to PLC
This button will allow the programmer to connect the PC to the PLC
over a communication link. If a link has not been established, one
can be setup here.
Disconnect from PLC
Use this button to disconnect the PC from the PLC.
Link Info
This button will open the Link Info dialog which will provide a quick
overview of the current link's status and allows the programmer to
edit and set the activation state of the link.
Offline Setup (PLC)
This button allows the configuration of the PLC type while offline.
Memory Map
Use this button to open the current PLC Memory Map.
PLC Tools
This button will open the Hardware Tools list. The programmer can
select a software tool to run from this list as long as it has been
installed.
Configure I/O
This button will open the Configure I/O window that displays the
current configuration of the installed PLC I/O (Chapter 5).
Setup a Password
This button will allow the programmer to set a password in the PLC
to protect the program from unauthorized access.
Clear Memory
This button is for clearing the memory in the PLC.
PLC to Disk
This button will allow the programmer to copy the configuration data
from the PLC to disk.
4-12
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
Disk to PLC
This button will allow the copying of the configuration data from the
disk to the PLC.
The PLC Diagnostics Toolbar
The buttons on the Diagnostics Toolbar will only be active when the
PC is online with the PLC.
I/O Diagnostics
Pressing this button will perform diagnostics on the connected PLC.
Observe the Scan Time
Press this button to open the Scan Time dialog which allows the
viewing of the current, minimum and maximum scan times from the
current PLC. The scan times are continuously updated while the
dialog is visible.
View Error Messages
The messages button will open a window that displays System
Errors and Fault Messages which have occurred.
The PLC Setup Toolbar
Some of the buttons on the PLC Setup Toolbar can be used offline,
but all of the buttons can be used with the PLC online (depending
on the features of the current PLC).
Set the Pause Bits
Use this button to open the Pause Bit editor which allows the
programmer to set output pause bits.
Setup Overrides
This button will open the PLC Override editor.
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Name the Memory Cartridge
This will open the Memory Cartridge dialog used to set a name in
the current memory cartridge in the PLC.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
4-13
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
Set the Retentive Memory Range
This button will open a Retentive Range dialog to configure the
retentive memory for the current PLC.
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Set the Watch Dog Timer
Pressing this button will allow the programmer to view/edit the watch
dog time-out value for the current PLC.
Initialize Scratch Pad
Pressing this button will begin the process of Initializing the Scratch
Pad Memory.
Select I/O
This button is used to determine which I/O Config will be read from
the PLC on power up.
Check I/O
This button is used to turn on or off the I/O Config check when the
PLC powers up.
D0-DCM Port Setup
This button is used to setup the D0-DCM communication ports.
Secondary Port Setup
Press this button to setup the PLC Secondary Communication Ports.
Setup Global I/O
This button is used to setup the global I/O for the DL405 PLC only.
Set the Time and Date
Press the Calendar button to set the time and date in the PLC.
Set up the DV-1000
If there is a DV-1000 installed with the PLC, use this to open the DV1000 setup dialog (refer to the DV-1000 User Manual for setup
instructions).
Setup the PID Loops
The PID button will allow the programmer to setup the PID loop
parameters.
Select Memory Cartridge or Flash
This button will allow the programmer to select the memory type for
a DL405 PLC.
Setup Intelligent I/O
Press this button to open the Intelligent I/O setup dialog to set up
intelligent modules. The list contains configuration script for all
intelligent modules in the current PLC.
4-14
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
The Debug Toolbar
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
The Debug Toolbar extends the use of the Status button located on
the Online toolbar. These buttons will assist in the debugging of your
program.
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5
Turn Status ON in All Views
The All Status button will turn on the status for all of the open views
6
in the current project.
Turn Status OFF in All Views
7
The No Status button will turn off the status for all of the open views
in the current project.
8
Open Data View
9
This button will allow the programmer to open an existing Data
View.
0
Close Data View
This button will allow the programmer to close the current Data
1
View.
2
Save Data / Save Data As
These buttons will save the current Data View.
3
Open Trend View
This button will allow the programmer to open an existing Trend
4
View.
Close Trend View
A
This button will allow the programmer to close the current Trend
B
View.
Save Trend / Save Trend As
C
These buttons will save the current Trend View.
Test Mode
D
This button will allow the programmer to use the Test Mode
Operations (see page 10-22).
Stack Operations (DL440 only)
Use this button to monitor the DL440 PLC accumulator and data
stack.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
4-15
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
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Trap Monitor
This button will open a dialog which allows the programmer to trap
element values at specific addresses rather than after a scan (see
page 10-25).
The Window Toolbar
The Window Toolbar duplicates the window option from the main
menu. This toolbar may be helpful if the window views need to be
changed often.
New Window
This button will open a new View Window of the current Program
View (e.g. Ladder, Stage, Trend, Mnemonic).
Arrange Views Cascaded
The Cascade button will rearrange views in a cascaded fashion.
Tile Views Horizontally
This button will arrange the program views in a tiled, horizontal
fashion.
Tile Views Vertically
This button will arrange the program views in a tiled, vertical fashion.
Arrange Icons
Use this button to arrange the icons for minimized windows at the
bottom of the main window. If there is an open document window at
the bottom of the main window, then some or all of the icons may
not be visible because they will be underneath this document
window.
Default
Pressing this button will restore window and toolbar positions to their
factory default layout settings.
Close All Views
This button will close all current views.
Output Window
This button will display the Output Window.
Clear Output Window
This button will clear all messages in the Output Window.
4-16
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
The Help Toolbar
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
The Help Toolbar duplicates the Help menu accessed from the main
menu.
Help Topic Index
Use this button to open the Help window.
PLC/Instruction Matrix
This button will open the PLC vs. Instruction Set Matrix window.
Getting Started
The Start button will open the Help window to provide help to get
started using DirectSOFT 6.
DS On the Web
This button will open the DirectSOFT on the web window.
Tip of Day
This button will open the Tip of the Day window to provide a helpful
tip.
Unlock
This button will convert DirectSOFT100 to full version using
Purchased Product Keycode.
About
This button will display the DirectSOFT 6 about box.
The Custom Toolbar
DirectSOFT 6 has many
toolbars to select, and if you
select too many, you probably
won’t have much room on the
monitor to effectively edit a
program. The customize toolbar
feature may be well suited for
your use. Click on Customize
at the bottom of the Toolbars
menu to open the Customize
toolbar window.
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TIP: A quick way to open the Customize Toolbar dialog is to right-click on
any of the Toolbars in view. This will access the Toolbars menu, then select
Customize...
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
4-17
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
The Customize window will allow the programmer to select all the
toolbars he wishes to use, or to customize a personal toolbar. When
a toolbar is checked (clicked on) it will be added to the programming
window immediately. To create your personal toolbar click on New
and name the toolbar. “My toolbar” is the name given to a custom
toolbar in the diagram below.
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The toolbar will be added to the
programming window as an add-on
toolbar. The toolbar will not have
any icon buttons in it until the
programmer selects the buttons. To
do this, click on the Commands
tab and select the command
category.
Once this is done, a list of icon
buttons will appear to the right of
the category list. Drag the
commands that you wish to the
personal toolbar.
Personal Toolbar
4-18
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
Status Bar Components
The PLC status information is located at the bottom of the
programming window. This area is divided into boxes which contain
pertinent information about the PLC operation and status when the
PLC is online or offline. These boxes can be classified as status
buttons.
PLC System
Information
PLC Mode
Link
Information
PLC System Information
PLC Type
Program
Memory Usage
Program
Cursor
Location
This status button is active whenever the PLC is online. It displays
OK to indicate the PLC is running without an error. Clicking the
button is like using the System Info button in the online toolbar. It
will open the PLC System Information window.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
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4-19
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
Communication/Link Information
This status button is active when the PLC is offline or online. The
button displays the PLC status and the communication link name.
Clicking this button will open the Communication/Link Information
window. The window will show the communication error messages.
It is also possible to edit the communication link if it becomes
neccesary. If the PLC is offline, it will indicate that here. Clicking on
the button with offline showing will allow the programmer to connect
the PLC to the PC.
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PLC Mode
This status button indicates the operational mode of the PLC. Not
only does this button indicate the PLC Mode but it also allows the
programmer to use this button like the Mode button in the online
toolbar. Clicking on this button will allow the person to change the
mode of the PLC.
Program Memory Usage
This box indicates the amount of relay ladder program memory that
is available and how much has been used. The format is: memory
used/total memory available. If the available memory is exceeded,
an asterisk (*) will appear beside the amount used. Here are some
examples:
• For a DL06 CPU with program memory of 00003/07680 indicates that 3
words have been used out of a total of 07680.
• For a DL230 CPU indicating the program memory with *00725/00512.
This means that the amount of words used has exceeded the total
program memory available.
PLC Type
This box indicates the type of PLC that is being used.
Program Cursor Location
4-20
This box indicates the position of the program cursor in the Ladder
View. This indicator changes with each movement of the cursor.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
The Options Dialog
Before continuing to edit your program, it is a good idea to get
familiar with the DirectSOFT 6 Options Dialog. This dialog actually
has seven dialogs within which are used to setup the appearance of
each of the views available. To open the dialog, either click on the
Options button or on View > Options. Each view dialog is indicated
by a tab labeled:
• Data View - used to monitor and debug the program
• Global - this affects all views (display of aliases or nicknames)
• Ladder - options for the ladder view
• Stage - options used for the stage view
• Trend - options used for data trending
• XRef - used to setup the cross reference view (display mode,
documentation, etc.)
• XRef DB - definitions for cross reference database queries
Only the Global and Ladder options will be discussed in this
chapter. The other option tabs will be discussed in later chapters
after adequate coverage of some of the more advanced features of
DirectSOFT 6.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
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Chapter 4: Programming Environment
Ladder Options
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4-22
Number Rungs
Two choices are available here, by Address and by Rung. If by
Address is chosen, the actual decimal address for the first
instruction in each rung will be located in the left margin of the
ladder view, starting with zero. If number by Rung is chosen, the
rungs will be numbered beginning with the number one. The
remaining rungs will be numbered sequentially, two, three, four, etc.
The default selection is by Rung.
Documentation
This section of the dialog allows you to select the types of
documentation that will appear in the Ladder Logic program. A
check mark in the box preceding the option will select the option to
appear in the program. The following choices are available:
• Elements - the element type and reference number (X1, Y3, C10, etc.)
• Nicknames - a name given to the element by the programmer or user
(clamp, switch, etc.)
• Wiring Info - a descriptive tag for keeping track of wiring (Blue 027)
• Descriptions - notes attached to individual elements (gate open, clamp
up)
• Comments - note attached to the rung, i.e. This is the start of the
Wash Process for Section 9 in Building 10
Misc. Options
The only option availble here is 3-D Tokens. Leaving this option
checked will leave the Ladder View the way it appears when it is
first opened (default), that is, with a three dimensional effect on the
Ladder View. When this option is unchecked, the Ladder View will
have a white background and black rungs. This will not affect the
colors of the displayed views.
Apply the Options to:
By default, the changed options will only affect the Current View.
Check All Open Views or New Views if the changes are to affect
other opened views or views to be opened later.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Global Options
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
The options available with the Global tab affect the current and all
new projects that are opened during any session.
Selecting the Global Options
• Default View - the view that is highlighted in the Default View window
when the OK button is selected will be the default view that appears
whenever a project is opened.
• Display Aliases - Aliases are alternate names given to certain elements
or addresses. For example, TA0 is an alias for a timer accumulator data
starting at V0. It is much more meaningful to use the aliases rather than
the counterpart memory address notations. But in the end, it is a matter
of preference. The aliases can be turned ON or OFF globally. See the
PLC User Manual for a complete list of aliases for the CPU being used.
• Display Nicknames - when this is selected, all current or future projects
opened will display the nicknames. Selecting Display Nicknames here
will have precedence over how this option is set for the individual views
in the other options.
• Display Toolbar Text - this option allows the user to hide or display the
text for each button in the Toolbars. When the text is hidden, the buttons
reduce in size.
• Default Docking Position - this option allows the user to choose the
position relative to the Ladder View that any Views opened (Data View,
XRef View, etc.) will reside in.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
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4-23
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
Colors in DirectSOFT 6
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Colors are used in DirectSOFT 6 for personal appearance and for
certain information. This will be a discussion of how and where
colors are used.
Select New Colors
4-24
The programmer can setup the colors that he prefers for the
projects to be developed. The selected colors will remain the same
for each project. To open the Color Setup window, click on View >
Color Setup or click on the Color button in the View toolbar button
group. The Color Setup will appear like the dialog below.
Click on item
to select for a
color change
Click on the
desired color
Letters match
documentation
selections
Vertical bars
match
highlighting for
selected rungs,
uncompiled, etc.
The colors are changed by first selecting the usage (Normal
Background, Comment, etc.) under the Selection section then
clicking on the color in the Colors palette (drop-down menu). The
Sample area (below the Color palette) has a color bar that will
change as the colors are selected. Rows of text will also change
color for each type of documentation selected. These are the rows
of Cs, Ds, Ws, etc.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Color Selections
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
Normal Background 앥 the normal background color (the default is
white with 3-D Token disabled)
Uncompiled Background 앥 color for items which are modified and
uncompiled
Unsaved to Disk Background 앥 color for items which are modified
and unsaved to disk
Unsaved to PLC Background 앥 color for items which are modified
and unsaved to the PLC
Disabled Background 앥 color for views which are disabled
Selected Background 앥 used for setting the color that appears
when something in the program is selected. For example, if a range
of rungs is selected (to copy, delete, etc.) the selection is highlighted
with a color (default is blue)
Status Background 앥 when online status is selected, this
background color shows that the element is enabled (default is
aqua)
Status Foreground 앥 the color the individual element addresses
show when they are active during status
Comments 앥 the color used for the rung comments
Description 앥 the color used for the element description
Wiring Information 앥 the color used to indicate the wiring
information
Nickname 앥 the color used to indicate the nicknames
Element 앥 the color used for the element address (X10, IO000,
etc.)
Token 앥 the color used for the ladder program
Block Cursor 앥 the color of the cursor box in Ladder View
Box Background 앥 the color within each instruction box.
The Default Settings
If the colors become totally disorganized, click on the Defaults
button to restore the colors to the DirectSOFT 6 default settings.
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Monochrome
Selecting the Monochrome button will set all colors to black with a
white background.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
4-25
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
Colors Conveying Information
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4-26
DirectSOFT 6 uses different colors to indicate certain conditions.
There are color coded vertical bars located in the margin to the left
of the program rungs. These bars let the programmer know what
has been compiled and saved. See the diagram below.
Uncompiled Background 앥 when a rung is edited, a vertical color
bar (default yellow) appears to the left of the program as an
indication that the program has not been compiled (accepted).
Unsaved to Disk Background 앥 after the program has been
compiled, the uncompiled bar is replaced with another bar (default
green) to indicate that the program has not been saved the disk.
Unsaved to PLC Background 앥 one other color bar is used after a
program has been compiled, this bar indicates that the program has
not been downloaded to the PLC (default blue).
Color Bars
Uncompiled (Yellow)
Compiled, but not
written to disk
(Green)
Compiled, but not
written to PLC
(Blue)
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Select a Theme
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
The Themes dialog allows the programmer to select the look of the
DirectSOFT 6 programming window, much like selecting the
appearance for a computer using Windows. To open the dialog
window either click on View > Themes or click on the Themes
button in the View toolbar button group. The default theme is Office
XP.
The theme selected for the window below is the Beveled look. Note
the darkened outlines of the menu buttons.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
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Chapter 4: Programming Environment
The Ladder Palette
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An important part of the programming environment is the Ladder
Palette. The Ladder palette is visible whenever the programming
window is opened. The element symbols are grayed-out and
inactive when the not in the Edit Mode. Turning on the Edit Mode
activates the Ladder palette and the tool symbols are no longer
grayed-out. When a new project is started, the Ladder palette is
located on the right side of the programming window by default,
however, the palette floats. It can be moved to any position on the
monitor viewing area. Simply “grab” the palette with the mouse
arrow on the bar at the top of the palette and move it to wherever it
may work best for the programmer. The palette can also be resized
similar to the one shown on the facing page.
Ladder Palette
Be Familiar with the Ladder Palette
The Ladder palette is very helpful when first learning to use
DirectSOFT 6. The hot keys can be learned while using the Ladder
palette. The hot keys are labeled on the element keys. Using the hot
keys may be quicker for many programmers. The hot keys appear in
the “Tool Tip” whenever the cursor is over the element button.
NOTE: The Ladder palette which appears on your computer screen may be
different than what is shown in this manual. The tools that appear are
dependent upon the type of CPU being used.
4-28
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
Edit Mode
Accept
Not Equal to
Contact
Equal to/or
Greater Than
Contact
Normally Closed
Immediate
Negative
Contact
Differential
Contact
Normally Open
Positive
Equal to
Immediate
Differential
Contact
Contact
Contact
Normally
Closed Contact
Normally Open
Contact
Less Than
Contact
Browse
Coils
Browse
Contacts
Browse
Boxes
Wire to Output
Browse
Elements
Wrap Wire to
Stage
The contact buttons are self-explained. Each contact button will
place the particular element on the rung wherever the edit cursor is
placed.
Browse Contacts 앥 click on this button to view the Contact dialog
of the Instruction Browser to select a contact of your choice.
Browse Coils 앥 click on this button to view the Coil dialog of the
Instruction Browser to select a coil of your choice.
Browse Boxes 앥 click on this button to view the Box dialog of the
Instruction Browser to select an Instruction Box of your choice.
Browse Elements 앥 click on this button to view the Element
Browser which will allow you to select from various types of
memory addresses (X0, Y0, V2000, etc.). This can be used to edit
Nicknames, Wiring info or Descriptions of Elements.
Wire to Output 앥 clicking this button will turn the horizontal wire
between the last contact to the output ON and OFF.
Wire to Stage 앥 click on this button to draw a powerflow transition
between a contact and a Stage box instruction.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
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Chapter 4: Programming Environment
The Split Screen Feature
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There may be times when more than one part of the same program
needs to be viewed. DirectSOFT 6 has a split screen feature that
allows the programmer to split the program, horizontally, into two
panes.
Split Screen Bar
4-30
To use the split screen feature, there is a bar, Split Screen bar,
located in the right-hand corner of the Ladder View. To split the
screen, position the cursor over the Split Screen bar, then press and
hold the left mouse button. When a parallel bar appears, move it
down to bring the split screen into view and size the screen to your
convenience.
Split Screen Bar
This diagram
illustrates the split
screen. Notice
that the lower
pane is showing a
different rung
than the upper
pane.
Different
parts of the
program can
be viewed
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 4: Programming Environment
The New Window Feature
Another handy feature of DirectSOFT 6 is the New Window feature.
This feature is used to open two or more Ladder Views of the same
program. Having two or more views open at once can be helpful
when programming a lengthy program or to view two different parts
of a program simultaneously. To open a new window, click on
Window > New Window. You will know that there are two windows
open by observing the two Ladder View tabs. To place the two
views side by side, click on Window > Tile Vertically. The two
views will be displayed like shown in the diagram below.
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A
If the Window toolbar group is shown on the programming window,
B
simply click on the New Window button then the Tile Vert. button. If
desired, the two views can also be arranged tiled horizontally.
C
Notice that the split screen feature has been used in the diagram.
Ladder View 1 has the split screen.
D
Split Screen
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
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Chapter 4: Programming Environment
Notes:
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DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
EDIT A PROGRAM
CHAPTER
5
In This Chapter
I/O Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-2
Referencing Program Elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-4
Entering Program Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-6
Shortcuts for Entering Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-11
Drawing/Deleting Connecting Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-19
Selecting Rungs for Deleting, Cutting or Copying . . .5-21
Deleting Rungs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-22
Copying Rungs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-23
Cut and Paste Rungs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-25
Merge (Combine) Rungs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-26
Inserting Columns, Rows and Rungs . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-27
Using Search and Replace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-29
Common Mistakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-31
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
I/O Configuration
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One of the first things to be done before beginning to edit a program
is to view the I/O addressing for the PLC being used. Consult the
user manual for the PLC that is being used to assist in the I/O
configuration. The DirectLOGIC PLCs have automatic I/O
configuration, and some of the CPUs offer manual I/O configuration.
To access the I/O configuration with DirectSOFT 6, the PLC must
be connected to the PC being used and online. Open the new
program and connect the PLC to the PC. You can either select PLC
> Configure I/O on the Menu bar or press the I/O Configuration
button on the PLC Toolbar (the toolbar must have been added to
the display window).
The Configure I/O dialog pictured on the facing page will appear
showing the automatic I/O configuration (by default). If a CPU is
being used that can be manually configured and the configuration
needs to be changed, click on the “A” next to the slot that is to be
manually addressed. The “A” will change to an “M” to allow the
address to be changed.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Read from disk
Save to disk
Save to PLC
Select
manual
configuration
Read from PLC
After the manual configuration has been set, save the
configuration to the PLC and to the disk. The disk and PLC icon
buttons located in the right-hand corner of the dialog allows the
configuration to be either saved or read.
WARNING: The majority of DirectLOGIC PLCs only require automatic
configuration. Do not use manual configuration unless it is
absolutely necessary.
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Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Referencing Program Elements
Data Types
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It’s good to know the various ways to refer to the different types of
elements in the PLC. If you have used the DirectLOGIC compatible
products, such as the TI305 , TI405 , or SIMATIC® TI versions, you
are probably familiar with the way elements are represented. The
following table provides a complete list of the various data types and
their meanings.
TM
Type of Data
TM
DL305C
DL05/DL06/DL105
(DL330/DL340 CPU) DL205/DL350/DL405
Input Points
IO
Output Points
IO
Control Relays
C
Stages
S
Timers
T
Timer current
TCA
Counters
CT
Counters current
TCA
Remote I/O Points
IO
Data Registers
R
Pointers (to another V location)
N/A
Special Relays
Uses special C locations
Input Points as Registers
RIO
Output Points as Registers
RIO
Control Relays as Registers
RC
Timer Status Bits as Registers
N/A
Counter Status Bits as Registers
N/A
Remote I/O as Registers
RIO
Special Relays as Registers
RIO
Timer current Values as Pointers
N/A
(to another V location)
Counter current Values as
Pointers (to another V location)
Constants
Octal Constants
Bit of Word
Pointer to Bit of Word
N/A
K
N/A
N/A
N/A
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
X
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T
TA
CT
CTA
GX/GY
V
P
SP
VX
VY
VC
VT
VCT
VGX/VGY
VSP
PTA
PCTA
K
O
B
PB
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Aliases
Chapter 4 briefly mentioned the use of aliases to make some data
references easier to understand. By default, they are displayed
when you type their counterpart. If it is desired not to have the
aliases shown when editing a program, they can be turned off in
the Global dialog in the Options menu. Below are examples which
show how aliases are used.
NOTE: These references are only used within DirectSOFT. They cannot
be used with the Handheld Programmers. The actual instructions
contained in the CPU will reflect the actual data type, not the new
reference.
Timer/Counter Current Values
The DL05, DL06, DL105, DL205, DL350 and
DL405 CPUs use designated V-memory
locations to hold timer and counter current
values. The current value for Timer T0 is stored
in V0. This is not always easy to remember, so
DirectSOFT 6 allows you to refer to these as
either V0 or TA0 (timer accumulated value for
Timer 0). For example, the accumulator for
Counter 3 is in CTA3 which is easier to
remember than V1003.
Use Timer Accumulator
Reference
TA0
K100
OR
Use V-memory Location
V0
K100
Accessing I/O Points as Memory Locations
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Aliases allow you to access I/O points as VUse VX reference to I/O
memory (registers in a DL305C). For example,
LD
input points X0 - X17 in a DL405 are stored in
VX20
V40400, X20 - X37 are stored in V40401, etc.
VX0 (the alias) can be used instead of V40400,
the V-memory location for X0. These are on 16- OR
point boundaries, so the next location is VX20, Use V-memory Location
VX40, VX60, etc. For the DL305C, you could
LD
represent I/O points such as IO10 - IO17 with
V40401
register location RIO10.
For example, you may want to read in a range
of discrete input points to get a binary pattern into the CPU
accumulator. The diagram shows two ways to reference the location.
NOTE: Check the appropriate PLC user manual for a description of the
accumulator and instructions required for this type of task.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
5-5
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Entering Program Instructions
The Instruction Editor
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The Instruction Editor is a dialog used to enter element data for
each type of instruction. The diagram below shows the dialog in the
output entry position.
The expanded Instruction Editor dialog
has a check mark, an X and
magnifying glass in the upper left-hand
corner. The check mark (冑冑) is used for
accepting an entry. The (X) is used for
closing without accepting an entry. And
the magnifying glass will bring up the
Element Browser, which will show the
valid ranges for this field.
The small color-coded indicators in
each field of the input box indicate
whether the entry for that field is valid
or not. Green is valid and red is not
valid or incomplete.
The indicator in the upper right-hand
corner of the box indicates the validity
of all fields. For example, in order for
the indicator to turn green, the box will
need a valid address such as, V2000.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Click here to close and
accept the entry
Click here to close without
accepting
Click here to see the
element browser
(or press F9)
Valid entry indicator
for the immediate field
Master valid entry indicator
for the entire instruction
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
DirectSOFT 6 has two basic types of instruction editor dialogs:
single parameter and multiple parameter. The following information
explain the two types of dialogs.
Single Parameter Instructions
Most contact, coil and box instructions
have single parameters and are
entered with the single parameter
dialog. When some dialogs open for
input, they automatically use a default
element address. For example, if the
Cancel
Ladder palette button for a normally
open contact is used, the Instruction Accept
Editor dialog box appears with C0 as
the default. This is changed to another
address or nickname that meets the
program requirements. Click on the 冑
to accept the entry, the X (or ESC) to
cancel the entry, or on the element
browser button (magnifying glass) to
browse through the available element
addresses or nicknames, or press
Enter to accept the entry.
Red indicators
show not
complete
Green
Indicators
show valid
entry
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Multiple Parameter Instructions
Some instructions, such as timers,
counters and comparative boolean
1st Operand
2nd Operand
contacts require more than one
element parameter. For example, for a
CTA0 K5
timer, enter the timer number and a
preset value. For a comparative
boolean contact, enter the memory
location and the value to be compared.
When the Instruction Editor dialog box
appears for these instructions, the
cursor appears in the first operand field.
Do not press Enter when you
complete this entry. Press the Tab key
or click on the second field for the next
entry. For example, if entering a comparative contact, make the first
entry and then press the Tab key to make the next entry. To return to
the first field, press the Shift + Tab keys or simply press the Tab key
again, and the cursor will wrap back around to the first field.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
5-7
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Using the Ladder Palette
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The Ladder Palette is always in view whenever the programming
window is open in DirectSOFT 6. The palette becomes active when
the Edit Mode button is pressed. The palette is initially docked to
the right of the Ladder view, but when the palette is floating, it can
be positioned anywhere on the programming screen. Using the
Ladder palette is one of several ways to enter instructions. First,
place the edit cursor on the rung where an element is to be placed.
Then click on the appropriate instruction on the Ladder palette. If
one of the contact buttons (the top ten buttons on the palette), a
dialog box will appear to enter the parameters.
Ladder
Palette
Opening the Instruction Browser
Some instructions do not have an element button on the Ladder
palette. To enter one of these instructions, click on the appropriate
browser button on the palette and select an instruction. There are
three buttons on the palette for browsing the contact, coil and box
instructions. Clicking on any of the browse buttons will open the
Instruction Browser, as shown on the facing page. This will allow
selection of the correct instruction from the available lists. The
particular browser that appears is dependent on the button that is
clicked. Once a selection has been made and the OK button is
pressed, the Instruction Editor will appear to have the appropriate
information entered.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
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Browse
Contacts
(F4)
Browse
Coils
(F5)
Browse
Boxes
(F7)
Entering Instructions with Hot Keys
When the cursor is moved to one
of the Ladder palette buttons, a
Tool Tip will appear. The Tool Tips
provide a brief description of the
button and the associated hot key
for that button.
You can enter an instruction by
pressing the hot key which
corresponds to the type of
instruction to be entered. For
example, to enter a normally
opened input, press F2. After the
hot key has been pressed, the
Instruction Editor dialog will appear.
For the browse buttons, the
particular Instruction Browser will
appear so the proper selection can
be made.
NOTE: A complete list of the hot keys is available from the Help menu.
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Chapter 5: Edit a Program
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Entering Instructions from the Menu Bar
Instructions can also be entered using the Menu bar which will open
the Instruction Browser. Click on Edit and select the appropriate
browser (contact, coil or box). This will open the Instruction Browser
as if one of the browse buttons had been pressed on the Ladder
palette.
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DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Shortcuts for Entering Instructions
Once the programmer becomes familiar with DirectSOFT 6, the
most common method for entering instructions is to position the
cursor on the rung where the instruction is to be entered and type
the element address, i.e. X12, C22, Y14, etc. For an instruction
box, type in the mnemonic, i.e. LD, OUT, SET, etc. and the Token
Selection Editor will appear for a proper selection. Then press
Enter.
NOTE: Use the Ladder Palette, the hot key equivalent, or select the Coil
or Box Browser to enter the OUT box instruction.
TIP: The Token Selection Editor feature in DirectSOFT 6 supports Auto
Complete with a drop-down list of any matching instructions. For
example, if a “TM” is typed over a NOP in the output column, an
Auto Complete entry of “TMR” will appear with a list of all output
instructions beginning with “TM”, including TMR, TMRA, TMRAF
and TMRF. After the proper instruction is selected and entered, the
proper Instruction box will appear to be completed with all the
proper information. So, if you forget a mnemonic, just enter the
first couple of letters to see a list of possible instructions.
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Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Entering NO and NC Contacts
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Another quick method for entering contacts is to use the forward
slash (/) to toggle between a normally open and a normally closed
contact. For example, if X0 was entered as a normally open contact
and a normally closed contact is needed instead. Position the cursor
over the contact and type X0, then press the (/) key and enter. Just
reverse the steps to return the contact to a normally open contact.
Position the cursor over the contact
and type in the address of the contact
Press the forward slash (/) key
NOTE: The forward slash can also be used to switch between OUT Coils
and OUT Boxes, as well as cycling between the various rung inline
comparison statements (Equal, Not Equal, Greater than, Less Than, etc…)
Here are two more shortcuts that can be used when entering
elements in your program. The first shortcut requires the Edit cursor
to be placed on the rung where a NO contact is to be entered. Type
the element address and enter it. The edit box will appear so you
can either enter the address or change the contact to NC.
The other method is to double-click on the rung where the element
is to be placed. Again, the edit box will appear with a NO contact.
Enter the address and/or change the contact to NC and press enter.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Entering Instructions in Parallel
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
To enter instructions in parallel, make normal contact entries
similar to the below diagrams. Two contacts have been entered on
Rung 2. With the cursor located after the last contact entry, press
Enter. The cursor will move down a space equivalent to a rung.
Make another contact or contact entries, such as two more
contacts in the illustation below. Once this is done, hold down the
Ctrl key and press the up arrow. This will draw a line up to
connect the line above. Editing the rung can now be completed.
Edit a new line
and enter
Edit more contacts
Use Ctrl + up arrow to
draw a line up
Draw Rung Lines
Key Stroke
Ctrl +Up Arrow
Ctrl +Down Arrow
Ctrl +Left Arrow
Ctrl +Right Arrow
Function
Draw a vertical line up
Draw a vertical line down
Draw a horizontal line left
Draw a horizontal line right
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NOTE: To delete lines, press and hold Shift + Ctrl, then press the
appropriate arrow key.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
5-13
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Entering Power Flow Instructions
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There are some instructions, such as Master Control Relays
(MLR/MLS), FOR/NEXT loops, Stage Boxes (SG, ISG), Program
Control (GOTO/LBL, INT, SBR), etc., that offset the power rail or
are inserted in the power rail of the ladder program. A common
mistake among new users of DirectSOFT 6 is to try and edit the
offsets using the Ctrl + Arrow (line connector). This will not work.
Actually, DirectSOFT 6 will automatically perform the offset
whenever the program is accepted (compiled). This will become
clear through the examples on the immediate two pages. For this
example, the FOR/NEXT instruction will be used and the hot key,
F8, will be used to accept the program.
Begin by entering
the first part of the
loop 앥 the FOR
instruction. Use the
special relay SP1 to
activate the loop.
Enter the parameter
K8 to run the loop 8
times.
Press the F8 key
to accept the
program. Notice
the offset of the
power rail.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
1
Now, enter the rungs within
the loop offset.
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NOTE: Refer to the PLC User Manual to learn how to use the Power Flow A
instructions. Some of the instructions of this type may not be available for
the PLC that is being used.
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End the offset loop by
entering NEXT rung.
After the program has been
accepted, the power rail will
show the offset.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
5-15
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Entering Special Case Elements
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Some elements are special because they do not follow the usual
rules (i.e. 330S Timers/Counters, DL330/DL340 CT674-CT677) or
they are entered in, perhaps, different ways than one might expect.
This will be discussed on this page and the following page.
If you have a DL330, DL340 or compatible PLC, then you know the
counters/timers CT674 through CT677 cannot take software presets
in the same manner as all its other built-in counters/timers. These
counters/timers are designed to have their presets entered via an
external hardware device (D3-TCSU Timer/Counter Setpoint Unit).
Preset values cannot be entered for CT674-CT677 via the
timer/counter entry dialog.
This presents a unique situation for DirectSOFT 6 because for
these two CPUs, DirectSOFT 6 will always show two input fields
timer/counter address and preset) for all of its timers/counters and
makes no exception for these special cases. The element can be
entered in the ladder logic, but the second field is ignored in the
editor dialog. The edit dialog will not allow a preset to be
entered. This Second field is intended for presets on all other
timers/counters, and not these being discussed. Once the address
has been entered in the aforementioned timers/counters, just press
enter to close the box. The preset entry will be made via the D3TCSU thumbwheels, and the preset can only be viewed on the
Setpoint Unit.
A preset cannot be entered for DL330/DL340
Timers/Counters CT674-CT677. Leave the
preset field blank.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
TI330S/TI325S and DL330P Exceptions
If you have a TI330S/TI325S or DL330P, then the situation will be
slightly different from the one explained on the previous page.
These CPUs do not allow presets for any of their counters/timers
via the edit dialog of DirectSOFT 6. It is sometimes confusing to
users of previous versions DirectSOFT with other PLCs because
of the preset entry. The preset for the counters/timers being
discussed do not need a preset entry in the edit dialog. The only
entry to be made in the edit dialog is the counter/timer address.
Refer to the PLC User Manual for a detailed discussion of how
these timers work with their presets.
End Coil
The TI330S/TI325S/DL330P counters/timers
do not have a preset field.
All of the instruction sets in DirectLOGIC PLCs and compatibles,
use an END coil as one of the instructions. This may be a bit
different for new users of DirectLOGIC PLCs. The END coil is a
marker to designate the end of a program. Every DirectSOFT 6
program must have this instruction.
Like all coils, the END coil is found in the Coil Instruction Browser.
Some programmers get confused at first and look for the END coil
under the Standard Coil category, and they fail to find it. The END
coil is located under the Program Control category since it ends
the program.
The END coil is found under
Program Control and not
under the Standard Coil
category.
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Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Setting and Resetting a Bit
Several PLCs in the DirectLOGIC family have a feature that allows
setting and resetting individual bits. This is commonly called “Bit-ofWord”. The PLCs which support this feature include the DL05,
DL06, DL250-1, DL260 and DL450. The DirectSOFT 6 instructions
available for these PLCs offering Bit-of-Word include all of the STR,
AND, OR and OUT instructions and all SET and RST instructions.
Notice SET and RST examples shown below, the letter ‘b’ precedes
the memory location where the bit is to be manipulated in some
way. After the V-memory address of the word, use a decimal point
and a number between 0 and 15 (zero being the least significant bit)
to designate which bit is to be set. For example, b1400.3 is the
fourth bit of V1400.
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Enter the letter ‘b’
followed by the memory
address of the word
containing the bit to be
turned ON. Use a
decimal point plus a
value between 0 and 15
to designate which bit to
turn ON, i.e. B1400.3 is
the fourth bit of V1400.
Ignore the second field.
....And, to reset the bit....
Use the same decimal
point convention with the
RST instruction.
The same convention is
used for the STR, AND,
OR and OUT instructions
(not shown).
NOTE: The letter “b” can be entered in either lower case or upper case.
The end result will be an upper case “B” appearing in the program.
Using Floating Point Math
5-18
Small, low-end PLCs typically allow the use of integers, but do not
allow the use of math containing decimal places. The second type
of math just mentioned is called “floating point” math. If the
processor for your PLC supports floating point math i.e., DL06,
DL250-1, DL260 and DL450, it’s a good idea to learn the
conventions used for entering the floating point math elements and
parameters. Refer to the user manual for the PLC which you are
using.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Drawing/Deleting Connecting Lines
WARNING: As you read this section pertaining to connecting lines,
be aware that elements that have not been connected will be deleted
when compiling your program. DirectSOFT 6 will display a warning if
there are unconnected elements, and asks if you wish to go back
and connect the "dangling" instructions. How to compile all edits is
discussed at the end of this chapter.
Drawing the Lines
Most programs contain a wide variety of rungs with complex series
and parallel element connections. Most any networks can be built
by connecting the contacts, outputs, etc. with horizontal and
vertical lines. Enter these lines (refer to Page 5-13) by using the
Ctrl key and the arrow keys. For example, press Ctrl + to draw
a vertical line from top to bottom or press Ctrl + to draw a
horizontal line from left to right. Below is an example network
containing combinations of series/parallel elements.
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Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Create Midline Outputs
There are times when you need to use a diagram that is often
referred to as a midline output. There are no special procedures
required. Enter the contacts and outputs as normal, and use the
Ctrl and arrow keys to draw the connecting lines. Below is an
example of how a midline output would appear.
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NOTE: There cannot be any additional logic on the rung between the
midline connecting point and the output. See Compiling Errors at the end of
this chapter.
No additional contacts are
permitted after the branches
Deleting Connecting Lines
Deleting lines is similar to creating lines. Use the Edit > Wire >
Delete options on the Menu bar or the keyboard Delete key to
delete intructions and wires in all directions. A quicker method is to
use the Ctrl + Shift + Arrow keys to delete the lines. Below is an
example illustrating how to delete lines.
In this example, use Ctrl + Shift + to delete the instruction to the
left of the cursor along with the connection wire.
5-20
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Selecting Rungs for Deleting, Cutting or
Copying
While developing the program, there will be times when you will
want to make revisions or correct mistakes. Also, there may be
times when a rung needs to be moved (cut and paste) to another
location in the program. Or, there may be a rung or rungs that you
want to duplicate or repeat several times (copy and paste). The
next three pages will illustrate how to do these tasks.
The first step to cut, copy or delete rungs is to select them with the
Shift + Arrow keys. The selected rungs will be highlighted (default
color is blue). The following screen shows an example where a
rung is selected to be either deleted, cut or copied.
TIP: Use shortcuts to quickly select portions of the program
Shift + Home selects all rungs from the current rung to the beginning of
the program.
Shift + End selects all rungs from the current rung to the end of the
program.
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Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Deleting Rungs
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5-22
When deleting one or more rungs, it is with the intention of removing
the rung(s) from the program entirely. Delete them by pressing the
Delete keyboard function key, or by using the Edit > Delete option
from the Menu bar.
First, select the rung or rungs to be deleted.
Then, press the Delete key, and the rung or rungs will be removed.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Copying Rungs
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
A selected rung or rungs can be copied and pasted to another
location in your program (or to another open program in Edit
mode) by using the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + C, Edit>Copy from
the Menu bar or the Copy button on the Offline toolbar. The
original rungs will not be altered in any way. When the rungs are
copied, they are placed in a temporary storage location called a
clipboard.
A rung or rungs are selected
in order to be copied.
The copied rungs are held on the clipboard until pasted to the new
location with Edit > Paste from the Menu bar, the Paste button on
the Offline toolbar or Ctrl + V (keyboard shortcut). The clipboard is
updated whenever a different rung is copied; in other words, the
clipboard will only hold one copy at a time.
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The above example shows the copied rung pasted from the
clipboard to a new rung location in the program (Rung 4).
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
5-23
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
WARNING: When using Stage instructions, be careful where copied
rungs are pasted. This is only true for pasting a rung to an
unconditional output that follows a Stage box.
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5-24
Unconditional Output
When pasting the copied rung, the unconditional output will be
joined to the copied rung. The following example shows the output
now being controlled by a conditional input, which was not the intent
of the original program.
Output now joins
the copied rung
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Cut and Paste Rungs
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Selected rungs can be moved to a different location in your
program by using one of these methods; Edit > Cut from the
Menu bar, Cut button on the Offline toolbar or Ctrl + X (the
keyboard shortcut). The cut rung (or rungs) is stored on the
clipboard until it is pasted at a new location.
1
Select the rung
or rungs to cut
The cut rungs are held on the clipboard until pasted to the new
location with Edit > Paste from the Menu bar, the Paste button on
the Offline toolbar or Ctrl + V (the keyboard shortcut). The cut
rungs will remain on the clipboard until pasted or a new rung is
either cut or copied. The clipboard will only hold one selection at a
time. To paste the rung (or rungs) to the new location, place the
cursor on the rung below where the rung will be inserted. The rung
will be inserted above the rung where the cursor was placed.
Rung 3 has been
moved to Rung 4
position and
renumbered
Cut rung is now at
the Rung 3 location
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Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Merge (Combine) Rungs
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At times, it may become necessary to combine two rungs
into a single rung. DirectSOFT 6 will allow you to merge
the two rungs. Once the two rungs are merged, you will
need to combine the components in the new rung through
the normal edit process.
To use the merge feature, position the Edit cursor on the
rung that you intend to merge with the rung right before or
after. Next, select Edit > Merge then select Previous Rung or Next
Rung. You can also use the Merge Next or Merge Previous
buttons in the Edit toolbar. The rungs will be merged into one rung.
Both rung comments will be used as the rung comment for the
newly merged rung. See the example diagrams below.
Rungs 4 and 5
are to be
merged.
The screen below shows Rungs 4 and 5 merged, renumbered as
Rung 4 and ready to be edited. Also note the original Rung 5
comment has been combined with the Rung 4 comment.
A new Rung 4.
A new Rung 5.
5-26
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Inserting Columns, Rows and Rungs
Inserting instructions and rungs is a simple process with
DirectSOFT 6. To perform either of these features use Edit >
Insert on the Menu bar, the Insert button on the Edit toolbar or the
Insert keyboard function key. When instructions or rungs are
inserted, the addresses and rung numbering will change.
Insert a Column to Add an Instruction
There may be a time when you need to add an element in a rung
of a program, such as within a parallel connection in the rung. To
do this, a column is inserted to spread the rung out where the
element is to be added.
In the example diagrams below, a contact is to be added after X0
in Rung 3. The cursor is placed over X0 then the Insert feature is
accessed by one of the three ways mentioned above. An Insert
dialog will appear asking what you want to do. Make the proper
selections and press OK. In the example, Column and After
Cursor is selected. Before Cursor could have been chosen. It
depends where you want to place the new contact. Only one rung
is affected in the example.
Current position.
Insert column After Cursor.
Note: The cursor does not
show when the dialog
appears.
Column inserted,
ready for new element.
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5-27
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Insert a Row or Rung
Inserting a row is performed the same way as inserting a column by
either using Edit > Insert on the Menu bar, the Insert button on the
Edit toolbar or the Insert keyboard function key. Place the Edit
cursor on the rung where the row is to be inserted and use one of
the above methods to perform the insertion. Make the appropriate
selections on the dialog and press OK. A row will appear for the
instruction be added.
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Current position.
Insert row After Cursor.
Note: The cursor grays out
when the dialog appears.
5-28
Add new
instruction here.
Inserting a rung is done in the same manner as inserting a row,
except select Rung in the Insert dialog. A new blank rung is inserted
either above or below the Edit cursor position.
The new rung is
inserted and the rungs
are renumbered. Rung 2
is ready to be edited.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Using Search and Replace
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
A very useful tool in DirectSOFT 6 is the replace feature. Replace
is used to replace one element reference with the reference of
another element. To access this tool, use one of the following
procedures: Search > Replace on the Menu bar, Ctrl + R Hot Key
or the Replace button on the Search toolbar. The Replace dialog
will appear, as shown below, which will allow you to define the
search and replace procedure.
Add to table
button
Update in
table button
Using the Object Section
Begin by entering an element reference in the Find what: field.
Enter an element reference in the thru field if there is a range of
references to replace. Leave this field blank if only one reference
is involved. Select whichever procedure is to be performed, either
Replace or Swap . Choose replace to perform the replace
function. For example, X1 to X12. Choose swap to swap the
element references from one element to another. For example, X1
is swapped with X12 so X12 is now the former X1 element and X1
is the former X12 element. Next, enter the element reference to be
replaced or swapped with in the With: field. The thru field is read
only and will be filled in as the replacement reference is entered.
The Add to table button is used to add the current object to the
table which is used to perform multiple replacements at one time
(See the diagram on the following page). The Update in table
button is pressed if an object within the table needs to be edited.
This allows the replacement of the object in the table with the newly
edited object.
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5-29
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
The Search Range Section
There are three range selections for the replace procedure:
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1. All Ҁ will select the entire program as the replacement range.
2. Rung Ҁ will allow a certain range of rungs to be setup to perform the
replacement.
3. Address Ҁ will allow a range of addresses to be entered (addresses to
be converted to rung boundaries) to perform the replacement.
The Document Section
There are three ways to handle the documentation whenever
elements are replaced or swapped:
1. Move Ҁ selecting this will move the documentation from the source
element to the destination element.
2. Copy Ҁ this selection will copy the documentation from the source
element to the destination element.
3. Leave Ҁ this will leave the documentation at the source element.
The Object Table Section
5-30
The Object table shows all objects which have been added to the
table of replacements. To update an object, selecting it from the
table will place the object in the Object section so it can be edited.
Use the Delete from table button to delete an entry from the Object
table. Press OK once all of the selections have been made on the
dialog.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Common Mistakes
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
It is not uncommon to make programming errors. The fewer errors
made, the quicker a program can be completed. Here are some of
the more common errors.
Failure to Enter the Edit Mode
Some new users will typically open a project and immediately try
to edit a program. Remember that you must enter the Edit
Mode. Entering the Edit Mode can be done in several ways. Use
either Edit > Edit Mode, Ctrl + E or press the EDIT MODE button
located on the Offline toolbar and on the Ladder palette. When in
the Edit Mode, the cursor box will turn a solid color.
AND above a Join
The rule is that after a wire has been drawn down on a rung of
logic to “AND” a sub-rung that contains a midline output, no
additional input logic may appear on the leg of the midline output.
Can not add input
logic here.
Forgetting to Select Rungs
In order to Cut or Copy a rung or rungs, the rungs must be
selected (use Shift + up or down arrows). If nothing is selected,
the Cut and Copy buttons will be grayed out on the Offline toolbar
and on the Menu bar.
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5-31
Chapter 5: Edit a Program
Notes:
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5-32
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
DOCUMENTATION
CHAPTER
6
In This Chapter
Turn Documentation On and Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-2
Using the Documentation Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-4
Documenting and Assigning Nicknames . . . . . . . . . . . .6-6
Entering Rung Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-9
Entering Stage Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-12
Importing and Exporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-14
Prevent Documentation Loss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-28
Chapter 6: Documentation
Turn Documentation On and Off
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6-2
Documentation is the text associated with the components and
structure of a DirectSOFT 6 program which is added for greater
clarity. It may refer to the elements, wiring, rungs or stages. All
documentation options are turned ON by default when the Options
dialog is first opened.
The Options Dialog
DirectSOFT 6 allows the programmer to turn ON/OFF the
documentation in each available view. A quick way to open the
Options dialog is to place the mouse cursor in the displayed view
and right click the mouse. A pop-up window will appear with Options
as one of the selections. Select Options and the dialog will appear
like the one shown below. When the dialog opens, the Ladder tab is
in view by default. The other views can be selected by clicking on
the tab at the top of the dialog.
The Ladder tab is showing all of the documentation types checked.
Leaving each selection checked turns ON that documentation type
to be shown in the program. Unchecking the documentation type
will turn it OFF in the program. Most of the Options dialog features
have been discussed in Chapter 4. For turning the documentation
ON/OFF, only the Ladder, Stage, XRef and Data View (under Doc
tab) options need to be accessed.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Documentation Selections
Chapter 6: Documentation
Most documentation refers to individual elements, therefore, it is
specific in nature. Listed below are four types of documentation
• Elements Ҁ the references for the individual elements, ie. X1, Y10,
etc.
• Nicknames Ҁ these are alpha-numeric names that are used for the
various types of program elements. It is usually easier to remember the
name Start Switch than it is to remember that X1 is the input for the
switch.
• Descriptions Ҁ detailed description of an element. This can also be
used to add brief trouble-shooting steps, etc.
• Wiring Ҁ this can be used to identify panel wiring for the project.
Description
Wiring Info
Nickname
Element
General Documentation
Comments are general descriptions that are best suited for
descriptions of a program rung, or a section of the program.
• Rung Comments Ҁ rung comments are assigned to an individual rung.
• Stage Comments Ҁ if you are using the Stage instructions, you can
also add comments that describe the contents of any stage.
Stage
Comments are
in this area
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Rung
Comments
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
6-3
Chapter 6: Documentation
Using the Documentation Editor
Nicknames, wiring information and descriptions for program
elements are entered using the Documentation Editor. The editor
can be accessed using Tools > Documentation Editor on the
Menu bar, Ctrl + D or by pressing the Documentation button on the
Tools toolbar.
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Using the Scroll Buttons
6-4
There are scroll command buttons (arrowheads) located at the top
of the editor. They are shown (both directions) as , , R, 앚앚,
etc. Each button has a different function:
Ҁ Moves one element forward.
Ҁ Moves one page forward.
R Ҁ Moves to the beginning of the next data type (X, Y, C, etc.)
앚앚Ҁ Moves to the last documentable type.
Ҁ Moves one element back.
Ҁ Moves one page back.
R Ҁ Move to the beginning of the previous data type.
앚 Ҁ Moves to the beginning of the first documentable point.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 6: Documentation
Copying Documentation Between Elements
If it becomes necessary to use the Documentation editor, all of the
familiar Windows keyboard shortcuts (copy, cut, paste, etc.) can be
used within the editor. For example, if there is a lengthy description
for a point, and other points are similar, the information can be
copied. The following example will demonstrate how this is
accomplished.
1. Position the cursor in the cell to be copied.
2. Double click to highlight the information.
3. Press Ctrl + C to copy the information in the cell.
4. Move the cursor to the element cell where the information is to be
copied to. (Use the Find button, Ctrl + F shortcut or scroll).
5. With the cursor in position to paste the information, press Ctrl + V.
NOTE: When copying a nickname, the new nickname will have a “?”
before and after the newly pasted entry. This occurs because each
nickname must be unique.
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6-5
Chapter 6: Documentation
Documenting and Assigning Nicknames
Create an Unassigned Nickname
Element nicknames are used more often than any other type of
documentation. As a program is developed using nicknames,
element references do not have to be entered when a contact, coil,
etc. is entered. Wiring information and descriptions can also be
entered without knowing the actual element reference.
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Unassigned nickname
is entered (red
indicator remains on).
Click OK
The nickname is
accepted without
being linked to an
element.
Dialog appears when
a nickname is entered
without being linked
to an element.
Assign the Nickname to an Element
If unassigned nicknames have been used in the program, element
references must be assigned before the program can be written to
the PLC (the PLC does not recognize nicknames, only element
references). The Assign Nicknames dialog is used to assign
nicknames to element references. A quick way to open the dialog is
to either press F9 (hotkey) or the Assign Nicknames button (if the
Tools toolbar is displayed). Another way is to use Tools > Assign
Nicknames from the Menu bar. Also, if the Element Browser is
open, nickname information can be assigned by clicking on the
Assign Nicknames button in the Element Browser and the Assign
Nicknames dialog will appear as shown on the facing page.
Tip: Nicknames can be compiled and saved to disk--and then assigned
later, just before downloading to the PLC.
6-6
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 6: Documentation
Open the Element Browser
1
Click here to open the Assign Nicknames dialog.
The Assign Nickname dialog will appear with the list of
unassigned nicknames appearing in the Source Nickname
column. Select the nickname in the list and enter the element
reference for the nickname in the Source Element Column.
The reference will be duplicated in the Result column to help avoid
accidental entries. Press Assign and and the following dialog will
appear as a confirmation of the element entry.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
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Chapter 6: Documentation
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If the reference entered is correct, click OK. The Element Browser
will be in view again so that wiring information and a description, if
any, can be added. Pressing Exit will close the browser and the
program will have the new element in the program as shown below.
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DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Entering Rung Comments
Chapter 6: Documentation
Each rung in a DirectSOFT 6 program can have associated
comments. Unlike some programming packages from other
vendors, the comments are not tied to the outputs. Instead, the
comments remain with the rung where the comments are added
regardless if other rungs are deleted before a commented rung. To
edit a comment, the cursor must be on the rung to where it is to be
added. Now, either press the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + K, Tools >
Comment Editor on the Menu bar or press the Comments button
on the Tools toolbar if it is displayed. The Edit Comments dialog,
shown below, will appear.
Rung
Comment
Comments are Free-form
The appropriate comment can be added as necessary. The Ladder
view is a full screen editor, therefore, backspacing the entire
comment is not necessary to fix a spelling error. Instead, position
the cursor over the word to be edited and double-click the left
mouse button to highlight the word, then type in the corrected
word.
Selecting Rungs for Comments
Once you have edited a rung comment you can use the Page Up
and the Page Down keyboard buttons to scroll to another rung
comment to edit. A specific rung can be found by using the Goto
button on the editor dialog.
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Chapter 6: Documentation
Using the Scroll Buttons
There are scroll command button (arrowheads) located at the
bottom of the dialog. They are shown for both directions as , ,
앚앚, etc. Each button performs a different function:
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Ҁ Moves to the next rung comment.
Ҁ Moves ahead five rung comments.
앚앚Ҁ Moves to the comment for the last rung.
Ҁ Moves to the previous rung comment.
Ҁ Moves back five rung comments.
앚 Ҁ Moves to the comment for the first rung.
Click on the OK button after entering the rung comments.
Use the Editing Keys
6-10
The keyboard shortcut keys can be used to copy, cut and paste
comments between rungs.
1. Position the cursor at the beginning of the text to be copied or cut.
2. Press and hold the left mouse button and move the cursor to highlight
the text, then release the button. The Shift + Arrow keys can also be
used to highlight the text.
3. Use the Ctrl + C keys to copy the text or the Ctrl + X keys to cut the
text.
4. Locate the rung where the information is to be pasted (Use Previous,
Next or Goto).
5. Position the cursor where the text is to be pasted and click the left
mouse button, then press Ctrl +V to paste the text.
6. The Delete key can also be used to delete text.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Move Rung Comments
Chapter 6: Documentation
Rung comments can easily be moved from one rung to another
with DirectSOFT 6. This feature is useful after one or more rungs
have been inserted by a handheld programmer or by another
computer which did not have the documentation files available. The
Move comment feature can be used to match the comment(s) with
the correct rung(s). Comments can be moved for a single rung or a
group of rungs. To move comments, click on the Move button on
the dialog. The window will appear within the dialog.
Fill in the appropriate fields to specify the source and destination
for moving a comment.
• Source Ҁ This is the beginning of the group of comments to be moved.
Enter the rung number (or address) of the rung with the comments to
move.
• Destination Ҁ Enter the rung number (or address) of the rung to move
the comments to.
• Number to Move Ҁ Chose All or enter the number of comments to
move from the source to the destination.
• Units Ҁ Select either Rung Number or Address.
Press OK to complete the move or Cancel to exit without
performing the operation.
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NOTE: You can overwrite existing rung comments with this feature.
DirectSOFT 6 always provides a confirmation prompt before it completes
the move. The message reminds you that any overlapping comments will
be changed. This message will appear even if there are no overlapping
rungs. It is a reminder that existing rungs can be overwritten.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
6-11
Chapter 6: Documentation
Entering Stage Comments
Use Stage View
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If you are using Stage instructions, comments can be entered for
each stage. The Stage View must be displayed in order to enter the
comments. With a Ladder View open, the Stage View is opened by
clicking on View > Stage View on the Menu bar.
Stage
Comment Area
In order to enter Stage comments, the cursor must be positioned in
either of the upper quadrants of the Stage view. To open the
comment editor, either click on the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + K,
Tools > Comment Editor on the Menu bar or press the Comments
button on the Tools toolbar if it is displayed. The Comment editor
can also be opened by double-clicking the left mouse button with the
cursor positioned in the stage comment area. Note that the
comment editor is for Stage comments.
Stage
Comments
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Comments are Free-form
Chapter 6: Documentation
A new comment can be edited immediately. The appropriate
comment can be added as necessary.
Selecting Stages to Comment
1
2
Once you have edited a rung comment you can use the Page Up
and the Page Down keyboard buttons to scroll through the Stages. 3
A specific Stage can be found by using the Goto button on the
editor dialog. After the comments have been entered, press the OK D
button to save the comments and close the editor.
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Editing the Comments
6
The keyboard shortcut keys can be used to copy, cut and paste
comments between stages.
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1. Position the cursor at the beginning of the text to be copied or cut.
2. Press and hold the left mouse button and move the cursor to highlight
8
the text, then release the button. The Shift + Arrow keys can also be
used to highlight the text.
9
3. Use the Ctrl + C keys to copy the text or the Ctrl + X keys to cut the
text.
0
4. Locate the stage where the information is to be pasted (Use Previous,
Next or Goto).
1
5. Position the cursor where the text is to be pasted and click the left
mouse button, then press Ctrl +V to paste the text.
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6. The Delete key can also be used to delete text.
3
NOTE: All documentation edits are written to the documentation files
when they are entered/edited.
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DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
6-13
Chapter 6: Documentation
Importing and Exporting
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DirectSOFT 6 can import and export ladder programs, element
documentation (nicknames, wiring info and descriptions) and rung
comments from a project. The Import/Export data is expected to be
in CSV format (comma-separated variables) which is a popular
import/export text format for applications like Microsoft Excel and
AutoCAD. For example, Microsoft Excel can be used to generate an
element documentation file to be imported directly into a
DirectSOFT 6 project. The existing element documentation can be
exported to a CSV file that can be used in diagrams in an AutoCAD
program.
Exporting Program Documentation
6-14
The project must be open in order to export program documentation.
Three export options are available to choose from, Program,
Element Documentation and Rung Comments. The following steps
will show how to export a program. There are two ways to export a
program, either select File > Export > Program from the Menu bar
or select the Export button on the File toolbar if it is displayed.
Either method used will open the Export Program dialog shown on
the facing page.
File Toolbar
File Export
Options
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 6: Documentation
In the Export Program dialog, select where the program is to be
exported to, enter the program name and click the Save button.
The following dialog will appear so options can be selected and
saved.
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Click the OK button to save the program to a text file.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
6-15
Chapter 6: Documentation
The text file can be opened with Notepad or equivalent word
processor. The Notepad example below shows what can be
exported. Note the Rung Comments and the Element
Documentation.
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Export Element Documentation
Element information can be exported from a project to a .csv file.
The following illustrations will show the steps to use to export the
documentation. Press the Export Element Documentation button on
the File toolbar or select File > Export > Element Documentation
to export the documentation.
There are three different formats to select from to export. Standard,
C-more and KEPDirect Server formats. All formats generate a .csv
file in spreadsheet form.
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Chapter 6: Documentation
This is a standard format showing an Excel spreadsheet with the
element reference in column A, the nickname in column B, wiring
information in column C and description in column D.
The illustration below is the C-more format showing an Excel
spreadsheet with the tagname (element) in column C, the data
type in column D and element reference (Address) in column G.
NOTE: If unassigned nicknames are exported, they will appear in the
resultant text as the following types:
UB - unassigned bit
UBY - unassigned byte (useful only for R memory in the DL305)
UW - unassigned word
UDW - unassigned double-word
UU - unassigned unknown (used for uninitialized types, should never be
used)
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Chapter 6: Documentation
Export Rung Comments
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The program rung comments can be exported from a project to a
text file and a printout can be obtained using Microsoft Notepad or
equivalent word processor. The following dialog will appear when
either pressing the Export Comments button on the File toolbar if it
is displayed or by pressing File > Export > Rung Comments.
Select where the file is to be saved, then name the text file and
press the Save button.
The illustration below is an example of an exported comment text
file shown with Microsoft Notepad.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 6: Documentation
Importing a Program
There may be a time when it is necessary to import a DirectSOFT
6 program which has been previously edited and exported as a
text file. This could be an entire program or just a few rungs with
element nicknames and comments. Use the following illustrated
steps to guide you through the import procedure.
File Toolbar
File Import
Program
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Begin by opening the New
Project dialog from the
A
DirectSOFT 6 Launch window
(page 3-4). Cancel the New
B
Project dialog, then either
select File > Import >
C
Program or press the Import
button on the File toolbar if it is D
displayed.
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Chapter 6: Documentation
The Import Program dialog will appear so the program text to be
imported can be selected. Select a previously exported DirectSOFT
6 program to import. Choose the program text file and click Open.
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The complete imported program will appear as shown below. In this
example, all elements, element descriptions, nicknames and rung
comments appear in the program along with the cross reference.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 6: Documentation
Exported programs, element documentation and rung comments
can be imported using the DirectSOFT 6 programming window if it
has been opened to edit another program. This is done by first
saving and closing the current program. Next, either select File >
Import > Program or press the Import button on the File toolbar.
The program to be imported is selected and opened as shown in
the previous example.
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Chapter 6: Documentation
Importing Element Documentation
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To import program documentation, a project must be open. This
project can be the one currently open. The typical method for
importing element documentation is to import a .csv file which has
been previously exported. It is possible to generate element
documentation using a spreadsheet such as Microsoft Excel, but it is
important to follow the correct import format. The standard format is
in spreadsheet form which should be setup in columns similar to the
the example below: element reference in column A, the nickname in
column B, wiring information in column C and element descriptions
in column D.
To import element
documentation, select
File > Import >
Element
Documentation or
press the Import Doc
button on the File
toolbar. The window
shown here will
appear.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 6: Documentation
Select the folder and the .csv file to be imported. Notice the Import
Method box located on the right side of the window.
There are three import methods to select: Merge (.PRJ priority),
Merge (.CSV priority) and Delete existing. Selecting one of the
three methods will determine the course of action which will be
taken if the currently open project and the imported file have
duplicate nicknames.
If .PRJ priority is selected, the nicknames in the imported file will be
added to the project file. If there are duplicates, the nickname in the
project file will be kept.
If .CSV priority is selected, the nicknames will be added to the project
file. If there are duplicate nicknames, the import file will overwrite the
ones in the project file.
If Delete existing is selected, all of the element documentation of the
open project will be deleted, then it will be rebuilt with the contents of the
.csv file.
Press the Open button to execute the import.
NOTE: If the following element types are imported, they will appear in the
DirectSOFT 6 documentation editor with “
“ under the element type
column:
UB - unassigned bit
UBY - unassigned byte (useful only for R memory in the DL305)
UW - unassigned word
UDW - unassigned double-word
UU - unassigned unknown (used for uninitialized types, should never be
used)
Once the element documentation is imported, the Documentation
editor will be updated with the imported information. This can be
verified by opening the Documentation editor from Tools on the
Menu bar, the Documentation Editor button on the Tools toolbar if it
is displayed or use Ctrl + D. When the elements are created or if
they are already used in the program, the element will be updated
with the new information.
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Chapter 6: Documentation
Importing Program Comments
Exported program comments are imported like the element
documentation as described on the previous two pages. To do this,
select File > Import > Rung Comments on the Menu bar or press
the Import Comments button on the File toolbar. The following
window will appear. Select the folder and the .txt file to be imported.
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Also select the Import Method to use. Merge (.PRJ priority) if the
current project is to remain in place when the import is executed. If
comment matching occurs, a message will appear asking which one
to update, the imported file or the existing file. Selecting Merge
(.TXT priority) will allow the imported comments to overwrite the
existing ones. Delete Existing will delete the current comments and
update with the imported comments.
Insert Instructions
The Insert Instructions From File feature will allow the insertion of
mnemonic text files as instructions within an open project.
Mnemonic instructions can be inserted one time or several times
within a program. To
Rung Comment
use this feature, there
PLC type
must be an existing
text file, such as, a file
Ladder mnemonics
written with MS
“Wire number”
Notepad. This file must
be written in mnemonic
text form like the
example on left. Note
that rung comments,
“Nickname”
“Element Description”
element descriptions,
“Reference”
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DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 6: Documentation
element nicknames and wiring information can be edited within the
text file to be inserted. The text file needs to be edited in the same
format as shown, with a PLC type at the beginning, #BEGIN, the
documentation and #END. Quotation marks are placed around
each line of rung comments. Of course, the ladder mnemonics are
also edited with the text file. The element documentation must be
in this form: “element reference”, “element nickname”, “wire
number”, “description”. Quotation marks must be used with each
entry followed by a comma. If an entry is to be left blank, the
quotation marks must not be omitted.
The mnemonics text which is to be inserted can also be edited
without comments like the example below. Note the PLC type is at
the beginning of the text.
To insert the mnemonic text in a program being edited (Edit Mode),
either use the Tools > Insert Instructions From File on the Menu
bar or press the Insert Instructions button on the Tools toolbar if it
is displayed.
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Chapter 6: Documentation
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The Insert Instructions dialog will appear. Select the folder where
the text file is located, then select the text file to be inserted. Next,
choose either Insert at Beginning, End or Before Rung Number.
How the element documentation can be imported involving
“collisions” with existing program documentation can also be
chosen. Select Merge (.PRJ Priority) if the existing project
documentation is to remain unchanged. Select Merge (.TXT
Priority) if the new documentation is to overwrite the existing
documentation in the program. If the program element
documentation is not to be changed, select Ignore Element
Documentation. Press the Open button to execute the instruction.
The DirectSOFT 6 Ladder view now displays the inserted
instructions and documentation.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Restore
Chapter 6: Documentation
One option which the Insert Instructions function has that can be
useful is the Restore feature. Each time the Insert Instructions is
executed, a backup copy of the entire program is made before the
insert occurs. If an error is made, i.e. wrong code, just press the
Restore button and the program will be restored to its original
state.
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Chapter 6: Documentation
Prevent Documentation Loss
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The documentation which is created with DirectSOFT 6 is stored on
disk. Each time a project is opened with DirectSOFT 6, there are
multiple project files opened. Apply the same precautions to your
project as you would with any other database package to avoid data
loss.
Backing up the project files is the best insurance to prevent loss.
Any time changes are made to a project, make a copy of the project
before starting. If something goes wrong, the original will remain
intact and unchanged. There are four different methods to preserve
a project as a program is created and after the project has been
completed. The four methods are: Save Project (to disk), Save
Project As, Backup Project and Export Program.
Save Project
Save Project to Disk should be used to save your project often. Your
entire project, i.e., program and all documentation will be saved to
the drive that is being worked from, usually the C: drive. From the
Menu bar, select File > Save Project > to Disk or press Ctrl + S
(keyboard shortcut).
To save a project to a different folder than the one being worked
from, select File > Save Project As from the Menu bar. The save as
window will appear so the folder can be selected where the project
is to be saved. Name the project, press the Save button and the
entire project will be saved.
NOTE: The Write to Disk button on the Offline toolbar only saves
the ladder logic program.
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DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Backup Project
Chapter 6: Documentation
The backup feature is another way to save your project. Selecting
File > Backup Project on the Menu bar or pressing the Backup
button on the Offline toolbar will open the following dialog asking if
the project is to be saved. Press the OK button to save the project.
The following Backup Project dialog will appear, the project can
be saved with the default date/time stamp or rename the folder. A
different drive can also be selected to save the project.
Date and Time Stamp
The last backup method is to use the export program feature as
explained previously. This method will save a program to a text file.
One advantage of the text file is that the program or comments can
be edited without using DirectSOFT 6.
Close all other applications that may be running to allow as much
free RAM as possible. This not only lessens chances of memory
conflicts, but also allows DirectSOFT 6 to run much faster.
Consider printing a hard copy of the program at longer intervals. If
your computer breaks down or you lose all of the data due to a disk
crash, you will at least have a hard copy of the program.
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Chapter 6: Documentation
Notes:
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DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
OTHER VIEWS
CHAPTER
7
In This Chapter
Tabbed Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-2
Stage (RLLplus) View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-4
Mnemonic View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-6
Cross Reference (XRef) View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-7
PID View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-12
Trend View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-14
Output Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-16
Bookmark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-18
View Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-19
Chapter 7: Other Views
1
Tabbed Views
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7-2
Using the Ladder View to create ladder logic programs has been
discussed to this point. There are other views that are output only.
These views will help to organize and better visualize the program.
These additional views are Mnemonic, Stage (RLLPLUS), Cross
Reference (XRef), Documentation Editor, Trend and PID Views.
Once these views are opened, each view is easily accessed by a
tab located at the top of the display window.
The Primary Views
Ladder, Stage, Mnemonics, XRef and Trend Views are the
primary views in DirectSOFT 6, and can be accessed by selecting
the View submenu from the Menu bar and then selecting the view
of your choice with the mouse cursor. When a new project is
started, the Ladder and XRef Views appear as the default (refer to
page 2-12). The Stage and Mnemonic Views can only be opened
from the View submenu or by right-clicking when the mouse cursor
is in any open View and selecting a different View from the Local
Menu. The Trend View can be opened from the View submenu or
from the Trend button on the Online Toolbar.
Tabs
Primary Views
It is possible to open the Stage, Mnemonic and Trend Views along
with the Ladder View by selecting the views one at a time from the
View submenu, thus providing a Multi-Tabbed Interface (MTI) view.
Once the views are open, you can switch from view to view by
clicking on the appropriate tab in the display window. The Stage
View also displays the Ladder View in the lower part of the view,
therefore, it may not be necessary to open the Ladder View. This
choice is left to the programmer.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 7: Other Views
One option is to have the Documentation Editor open as a tabbed
view while editing a program. Selecting the Documentation Editor
tab allows easy access to the editor. To open the editor,
either press the Documentation Editor button on the
Tools toolbar (if it is displayed), use Tools >
Documentation Editor on the Menu bar or the keyboard shortcut
Ctrl + D.
The Trend View is used to visually monitor the values of DL
controller data elements over time. This View can monitor any
readable numeric location or any readable bit location or any
constant value. Trend View also logs the values of the controller
elements on each pane of the Trend. Those values are displayed
on a moving graph.
One more view, the PID View, will be useful if a PLC with PID
loops is being used. This view is only available to the user after at
least one PID loop has been setup. Once a PID loop has been
setup, the PID View is opened from the View submenu on the
Menu bar.
If multiple views are open in the Program display window at the
same time, the tabs will appear as in the illustration below.
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Chapter 7: Other Views
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Stage (RLLPLUS) View
Most of the DirectLOGIC PLCs support the use of RLLPLUS
instructions.These instructions (Stage, Jump, etc.) allow the creation
of a structured program that can be viewed as a flowchart when the
Stage View is enabled. A program flowchart may be easier to follow
than a comparable ladder logic program.
Troubleshooting RLLPLUS vs. RLL
7-4
The old saying, “can’t see the forest, because of all the trees”
often holds true in ladder logic programming. Some RLL programs
may contain many interlocks and complex rungs. It may be difficult
to follow the logical flow of activity and the relationships between
different parts of the program. This is where Stage programming can
be better than ladder logic programming. As a ladder logic program
is edited with stages, DirectSOFT 6 will translate the RLL into the
equivalent Stage View using much more compact, and easy-tofollow flow diagrams.
NOTE: Consult the PLC User Manual, Chapter 7, to learn how to
incorporate Stage Instructions in a ladder logic program.
An illustration of a Stage View is shown below. The flowchart area is
shown in the upper left part of the display while a ladder logic area
is shown in the lower half of the display. The two windows are
synchronized, in other words, when the flowchart is activated with
the cursor, the ladder logic will scroll to the same position in the
program. This can aid with troubleshooting the program. When
testing a program online with a PLC (status ON), both the flowchart
and the ladder logic will track each other, showing the power flow
and transitions as they occur. It is possible to look at another
Flowchart
Ladder Logic
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Stage Comments
Chapter 7: Other Views
part of the program by opening the Ladder View and tile the two
views (refer to page 4-30). The right-hand corner view contains
the stage comments. These comments are synchronized with the
flowchart area of the display (refer to page 6-12 for details).
Stage Components
If the flowchart area of the Stage View is being viewed and there
is an uncertainty of what a component means, click on the
component and the corresponding equivalent in ladder logic will
come into view. Help (F1) can also be consulted for more clarity.
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Chapter 7: Other Views
Mnemonic View
1
Handheld Progammer Aid
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There may be times when a DirectSOFT 6 user will need to use a
handheld programmer (HPP) to modify a DirectSOFT 6 ladder logic
program. Since the HPP only uses mnemonics, the Mnemonics
View will prove to be useful as a guide. Just open the Mnemonics
View and print it on a printer. The hard copy can be carried to the
PLC location. Consult the PLC User Manual (Chapter 5) for the
proper keystrokes required for entering the mnemonic instructions.
NOTE: There are no display options for the Mnemonic View.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 7: Other Views
Cross Reference (XRef) View
As mentioned on page 2-12, the Cross Reference (XRef) and
Ladder Views open by default whenever a new project is started.
The XRef View can be closed if desired, but since it is a dockable
view, it is a good idea to dock it if you do not want to view all the
time. Just click on the push-pin to dock it, and hover the mouse
cursor over the XRef tab to bring it back into view. Then, click on
the push-pin again or double-click on the XRef View bar at the top
to “lock” it in position again. The XRef View has two viewing
modes, XRef Mode and Usage Mode.
XRef Mode
button
Push-pin to
dock the
XRef
Usage Mode
button
XRef Mode
The XRef Mode is the default mode when the XRef View is first
opened. When in XRef Mode, the Cross Reference Table reports
information for all elements that meet the current Query which
determines the elements to be included in or excluded from the
XRef and Element Usage Tables. The table is divided into four
columns:
Element - reserved for the element ID, but will display whatever Query
is selected in the Options dialog.
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Rung - rung number where the element is used.
Address - the address where the element is located in the program.
Instruction - type of instruction that contains the element.
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Chapter 7: Other Views
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A useful feature of the XRef Mode is to double-click the left mouse
button on the Rung, Address or Instruction and the program will
move to that location. Also, double-clicking the left mouse button on
an element will cause the Element Browser to appear.
Change the XRef Query
7-8
The XRef Element column can contain all four types of
documentation available in the Options dialog. To change the
Element XRef Query definition, first enable the XRef View by
clicking the mouse on the table. Next, open the Options dialog from
the Menu bar using View > Options or press the Options button on
the Offline toolbar. You can also right-click anywhere in the XRef
View and choose Options from the Local Menu. Choose the XRef
tab and make the Query selections in the Documentation section to
be displayed in the Element column. Press OK after making the
selections.
The other two sections located in the dialog, Display Mode and
Usage Options, contain options that can be selected on the XRef
View toolbar. Also notice the box to the left of the Follow Ladder
Cursor option under the Display column. The box can be checked
in this dialog or selected at will in the XRef Toolbar which is
explained on the facing page.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 7: Other Views
XRef Toolbar
The Cross Reference View has a toolbar to move quickly to
different locations and views in a program. The available buttons
can be seen in the illustration below.
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XRef Mode Ҁ this button brings the Cross Reference table into view if it
is not in view.
7
Usage Mode Ҁ pressing this button brings the Element Usage table into
view.
8
Follow Ladder Cursor Ҁ when the XRef View is enabled, the rung
information will be placed at the top line of the table for any rung where
9
the ladder cursor is positioned.
Rung XRef Ҁ this button transfers the current mode to a one rung mode 0
which only displays one rung in the table.
Specify XRef Rung Ҁ enabled only in the single rung view. Enter a rung 1
number or an address in the dialog pictured below, then click OK. The
2
program will go to and display the rung number entered.
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4
A
Previous XRef Rung Ҁ the Ladder View will display the previous rung
B
while only in the Rung Mode.
Next XRef Rung Ҁ the Ladder View will display the next rung while in
C
only the Rung Mode.
Manual Rebuild XRef and Element Usage Tables Ҁ manual rebuild for D
XRef Mode
Follow
Ladder Cursor
Usage Mode
Specify XRef
Rung
Rung XRef
Next XRef
Rung
Previous
XRef Rung
Manual rebuild
XRef and
Element Usage
Tables
elements either added or deleted later in a program. This button will be
inactive unless Auto Rebuild is not selected in the XRef DB dialog (see
page 7-11).
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7-9
Chapter 7: Other Views
Usage Mode
The Usage Mode is selected to display the Element Usage Table in
the current Cross Reference View. The Element Usage Table
displays all elements that meet the current Query. The table is an
effective way to see which points have been used, which points are
free and whether or not they have been used in a range. The
elements are shown in groups of 8, 10 or 16 bits as determined by
the current Usage Field Size setting
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Usage
Mode
Usage Mode
Selected
Element Usage
Table
Usage Mode Toolbar
The Usage Mode toolbar is used to select various options for
viewing the Element Usage table.
Select the
XRef Mode
7-10
Usage Table
select button
Limit range of elements
to the current PLC.
Follow
Ladder Cursor
Toggle element
references to
read left to right
or right to left.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Set usage field
display length.
Rebuild XRef
and Element
Usage Tables
XRef DB
Chapter 7: Other Views
There is another tab on the Options dialog that can be used for
setting up the Query for the XRef View. It is the XRef DB tab as
seen in the dialog below. This dialog opens with the default
selections as shown. In most cases, this dialog should remain as
is. The Auto Rebuild may be the only selection to be disabled if it
is desired to manually update the Cross Reference View
whenever an element is added or deleted.
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Chapter 7: Other Views
PID View
The PID View will be useful as a PID loop tuning aid. To access this
view, at least one PID loop must be setup.
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NOTE: Refer to your PLC User Manual, Chapter 8, PID Loop Setup to
setup a PID loop.
NOTE: PLC View is not available until you are connected with a PLC and at
least one PID loop is configured.
PID Setup
7-12
To setup a PID loop, the PC must be connected to a PLC which is
online. To begin, either press the PID button located on the PLC
Setup toolbar (if displayed) or use PLC > Setup > PID. This will
open PID Address dialog as pictured below.
After this dialog has been completed and saved, the Setup PID
dialog, pictured below, is opened. The Setup PID dialog is a series
of dialogs used to setup one or more PID loops. Use the PLC User
Manual as a guide to setup the loop(s).
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 7: Other Views
Once a PID loop has been setup, open the PID View by selecting it
from the View submenu on the Menu bar. A Data View can also be
open to assist in tuning the PID loop(s).
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Chapter 7: Other Views
Trend View
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The Trend View can be used as a debugging tool. As mentioned
previously, it is used to visually monitor the values of DL controller
data elements over time. It has the ability to monitor any readable
numeric location or any readable bit location or any constant value.
Those values are displayed on a moving graph and can be logged
and exported to a CSV file for importing into a third-party application
for further research.
Creating a new Trend View
A new (empty) Trend View can be created by selecting Debug >
Trend View > New from the Menu, or clicking the Trend button on
the Online toolbar. The following dialog is displayed prompting for
the number of Panes to initially create.
Enter the number of Panes in the Number of Panes field or use the
Up or Down arrow to set the value. Click the OK button to accept or
the Cancel button to abort.
A Trend View can also be created and pre-filled with the critical
elements by the following methods:
• Right-clicking anywhere in a Data View and selecting Trend All.
• Highlighting a range of elements in a Data View, then right-click
and select Trend Selection.
The next window to appear is the Trend View Options window as
seen on following page. This window contains all of the parameters
available for the new Trend View. Enter Starting and Ending
elements, desired display characteristics and historical options in
this window.
NOTE: Refer to the DirectSOFT 6 help file for more information on
configuration options and features of Trend View.
7-14
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 7: Other Views
1
If the element to be added is not a bit
or a constant, then this causes a
secondary dialog to be displayed so
that the Format and Size can be
determined. Once determined, the OK
button will accept the selections. An
example Trend View is shown below.
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Chapter 7: Other Views
Output Window
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There may be an occasion when a mistake(s) has gone unnoticed
while a program is being edited. The mistake(s) will be detected by
DirectSOFT 6 whenever the program is accepted (compiled), and
displayed in the Output window as shown below.
Edit cursor will
move to the error
rung.
Double-click on the
error message
The Output window will appear below the view being displayed, in
this case, the Ladder View. Each mistake or error message will be
listed. Double-clicking on the error in the Output window will move
the edit cursor to the error rung in the ladder view. Once all of the
errors are corrected, the program can be compiled. The error
messages in the Output window will disappear but the window will
remain in view as can be seen in the diagram on the facing page.
In the diagram above, notice the push-pin in the upper right-hand
corner of the Output window. Clicking on this push-pin will auto-hide
the window, and a tab will be displayed in the lower left-hand corner.
More about auto-hide and dockable views will be discussed
beginning on page 7-19.
Output
tab
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 7: Other Views
1
The Output window can be closed just like other windows are
closed. If you desire to open the Output window, press the Output
button located on the Windows toolbar if it is displayed.
If the Output window is displayed with error messages, it can be
cleared by pressing the Clear Output button located next to the
Output button on the Windows toolbar.
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Chapter 7: Other Views
Bookmark
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A feature which can be used as either an editing or a debugging aid
is the Bookmark feature. This feature allows the programmer to
mark one or more rungs in his program if he wants to quickly go to a
marked rung. To use the feature, simply have the cursor located on
a rung and hold the <Ctrl> key down and press the left mouse
button (this will only work with the mouse button). The rung which is
bookmarked will appear in the Output window. Once the bookmark
has been made, you can double-click on the bookmark in the Output
window and DirectSOFT will jump to that rung and display it. The
Output window can also be hidden by clicking on the push-pin. The
Output window can then be recalled by clicking on the Output tab.
Closing the Output window will clear all bookmarks.
Double-click on the
marked rung to
quickly display.
Use the push-pin to hide
and recall the Output
window or close the Output
window to clear all
bookmarks.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
View Terminology
Chapter 7: Other Views
The terms “docked view” and “floating view” have been used in
this manual and will be clarified in this section. A “Docked View” or
a “docked toolbar” is a view, or toolbar, that is “docked” to a
specific edge of the Programming window. Initially, the Offline
toolbar is docked at the top of the Programming window below the
Menu bar. The Online toolbar is also docked at the top, but below
the Offline toolbar. The Ladder Palette toolbar is initially docked on
the right edge of the Programming window, and the Cross
Reference View is docked on the left edge of the window. Primary
views (Ladder, Stage, PID, Trend, etc.) appear within the "Tabbed
MDI View" (Multiple Document Interface) area between the
various docked views/toolbars. The primary tabbed views are
shown in the diagram below.
Viewing the example on the next page, each of these docked
views/toolbars can be docked on any edge (e.g. the XRef View
can be moved and docked on the right or on the bottom). Notice
that the XRef View has been unpinned and placed in a floating
position. In this position, the XRef View cannot be placed in a
auto-hide position by pinning it until it is back in a docked position.
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Chapter 7: Other Views
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All docked views/toolbars can also be Floating views/toolbars, and
float outside the application frame (very handy if multiple monitors
are being used). The remaining area, bounded by all of these
docked views/toobars, is where the primary MDI Views are
positioned.
One final user interface for dockable views is the capability to group
only the dockable views to create a tabbed group of multiple docked
views (e.g. 2 Data Views and the XRef View can all be placed in a
single tabbed group). This tabbed group can then be docked,
floated or auto-hidden as a single entity. To create this tabbed
group, open all of the Data Views to be placed in the group, then
drag one Data View on top of a second Data View, and so forth. You
can also drag the XRef View over the top of this group to complete
the single dockable, tabbed group.
tabbed group
of dockable
views
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 7: Other Views
The following table lists all of the different views/toolbars and all of
the possible frame behaviors:
Window Frame Behaviors
Individual
AutoTabbed Group
MDI
DirectSOFT 6 (cascade,
Tabbed Docked hidden Floating
of
Window Type tile, etc. like MDI to Edge Docked
Docked/Autoto Edge
Hidden/Floating
Rel 4)
All Toolbars
Ladder View
Stage View
Trend View
Documentation
Editor
PID View
Mnemonic View
Cross Reference/
Usage View (XRef)
Data View
Output Window
冑
冑
冑
冑
冑
冑
冑*
冑*
冑*
冑*
冑
冑*
冑*
冑*
冑*
冑*
冑*
冑
冑
冑
冑
冑
冑
冑
冑
冑
* Ҁ default behavior
Note that the Docked/Floating/Auto-hidden/Tabbed Framed
windows can all be independently set on a frame by frame basis.
For example, you can have the Ladder Palette and the PLC Setup
toolbars floating on a second monitor, with the Offline and Online
toolbars being docked on the top edge; then have one Data View
floating and three other Data Views grouped as a docked tab to
the right side of the application; and have the Cross Reference
View auto-hidden, and docked on the bottom edge of the
application.
However, the two different MDI Frame behaviors are exclusively
either/or. This means that within a DirectSOFT 6 session, all of
the MDI views behave either as individual MDI frames or as
tabbed views, but not both at the same time. You cannot have the
Ladder View be a tabbed view and the Stage View and PID View
be cascaded as Individual MDI frames. All MDI Views will have
Individual behavior or Tabbed behavior.
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Chapter 7: Other Views
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Examples of the various Window Frame Behaviors are in the picture
below.
• Ladder View and Documentation Editor Ҁ Tabbed MDI View with Ladder
View currently selected.
• Offline toolbar, Online toolbar and PLC toolbar Ҁ Docked to the top edge
of the application, just below the Menu bar.
• Ladder Palette toolbar Ҁ Docked to the right edge of the application.
• Data View Data10 Ҁ Docked to the left edge of the application.
• Data Views Data8 and Data9 Ҁ Docked as a Tabbed Group to the left
edge of the application, with Data9 currently selected.
• Data View Data7 Ҁ Auto-hidden/docked Data View that is docked to
the left edge of the application.
• XRef View Ҁ Floating XRef View that is floating outside the borders of
the DirectSOFT 6 application window.
• PLC Setup Ҁ Floating toolbar that is floating outside the borders of the
DirectSOFT 6 application window.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
PRINTING
CHAPTER
8
In This Chapter
Print the Current View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-2
Print Multiple Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-5
Print View Common Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-7
Using Print Preview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-8
Print Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-10
Chapter 8: Printing
1
Print the Current View
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A printout of the program can be very useful when developing a
program. A printout will provide a full view of whatever view is
displayed in the DirectSOFT 6 programming window.
Print the Ladder View
To print the Ladder View, use the Print dialog to select the printing
options. To open the Print dialog either select File > Print on the
Menu bar, press the Print button on the File toolbar if it is displayed
or use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + P. The Print dialog will appear
like the one shown below.
Select All to
print the entire
ladder logic or
select the
Rung to print.
Select each of
the types of
documentation
to print with the
ladder logic.
Select Ladder
wire size
In this dialog, you can set the range to print all or any part of the
ladder logic by either selecting All, Rungs or Addresses to be
printed. Select any or all of the ladder documentation to print with
the ladder logic. The Miscellaneous settings allows the level of
zoom to print and the selection of the number of columns to print,
also, the Pen Size allows the selection of the thickness of the pen
used to draw wires, contacts, coils and boxes on high resolution
printers.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Other Print Views
Chapter 8: Printing
There are three additional current view print dialogs, Mnemonics,
Stage and Cross Reference. Each dialog is a bit different than the
Ladder dialog as noted in the following diagrams. Each view must
be enabled (current view in the programming display) to open the
Print Views.
Mnemonics Print Dialog
Select the
Start Address
and the End
Address for
printing.
Select the
Zoom level
and number of
columns to
print.
Stage Print Dialog
Select the
Documentation
types for
printing.
Select the
Zoom level
and line
thickness to
print.
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Chapter 8: Printing
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Edit the range of
the current
element.
Set All enables
(checks) all
elements.
Cross Reference Print Dialog
Check to include
the XRef printout
and select the
documentation to
be printed.
Clear All disables
(unchecks) all
elements.
Select the
Elements to
print the xref
for.
Select the
number of
columns to use
for printing
XRef/Usage
printouts.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Check to include
the Usage printout
and check the
options to be
printed.
Print Multiple Views
Chapter 8: Printing
The advantage of using the Print All dialog is that all of the
available print views are available using one dialog. Open the
dialog by either selecting File > Print All on the Menu bar or press
the Print All button on the File toolbar if it is displayed. The
following dialog will appear.
The tabs located at the top of the dialog are used to select the
print dialog and printout setup. Click on the tab to select the print
view. The print views available when the Print All dialog is opened
are: Documentation, Ladder and Memory. Clicking on the right
arrow on the dialog will move the Mnemonics, Stage and XRef
tabs into view. Select the views to be printed by checking the
check box next to the view named on the tab. The use for all of
the available views has been explained with the exception of the
Docs and Memory tabs seen in the Print All diagram.
Docs tab Ҁ check the elements to print the documentation for.
Elements
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Edit Ҁ edit the range of the current element.
Set All Ҁ enables (checks) all elements to print.
Clear All Ҁ disables (unchecks) all elements to print.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
8-5
Chapter 8: Printing
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Memory tab Ҁ check the V-memory addresses to print the desired
values.
Elements
Edit Ҁ edit the V-memory range.
Set All Ҁ enables (checks) all V-memory to print.
Clear All Ҁ disables (unchecks) all V-memory to print.
Miscellaneous
Columns Ҁ select the number of columns to use for the V-memory
printout.
Online / Offline Values Ҁ select whether online data or offline data is to
be printed.
Formatted Ҁ use previously saved format information rather than raw
data.
Nicknames - check this to show nicknames instead of element ids.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Print View Common Setup
Chapter 8: Printing
The Printer Setup, Page Setup and Options are common to all
of the Print Views.
Will open the
selected or default
printer setup
dialog.
Set print margins.
Printer default
Select a printer of
choice or print to
Adobe Acrobat
PDF Writer
Edit the title
page with
project
information and
print it.
Enter a program
heading.
Select a font
other than the
default font.
Set the starting
page number for
the printout.
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Chapter 8: Printing
1
Using Print Preview
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Print Preview is available and is recommended before printing the
program. One advantage for using Print Preview before printing is
saving printer paper. You will be able to see how the program will
appear on paper before it is printed, and corrections can be made
before printing.
Print Preview Setup
8-8
Either open the Print Preview dialog from the Menu bar using File >
Print Preview or press the Preview button on the File toolbar if it is
displayed. Notice that the Print Preview dialog is the same as the
Print dialog. The Print Preview is setup in the same manner as the
Print dialog, Use the dialog to setup the printer, the page margins,
setup the rest of the print options then press OK.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 8: Printing
Print Preview
After pressing the OK button, the Print Preview will appear using
the full computer screen. Use the Page buttons at the top of the
display to scroll through the program. One Page can also be
selected and switched back to two page when desired. If the
displayed program does not appear the way you want to, press the
Settings button to return to the setup to make corrections. Once
the program preview looks the way you want it to look, press the
Print button.
Print button
Page buttons
Settings will
return to the
Print Preview
Setup
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Chapter 8: Printing
1
Print Troubleshooting
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Parts of Program not Printed
If the program looks good in Print Preview but some parts do not
appear on the program printout, there may be a problem with the
color setup. When generating the data sent to the printer,
DirectSOFT 6 will attempt to make the program printout look as
close to the on-screen version as possible, including the colors. If a
color printer is being used, there probably isn’t enough contrast
between the background and whatever is being printed. If the printer
is black and white, the same lack of contrast could be the problem
because DirectSOFT 6 will try to generate grayscale colors to
match the display colors.
One way to solve this problem is to tell DirectSOFT 6 to use
monochrome (black and white) for display. If the View toolbar is
displayed, press the Color button, otherwise, go to View > Color
Setup and click on the Monochrome button, then press OK. After
printing is complete, you can return to the Color Setup dialog to
restore the original setting.
Program Prints “Garbage”
As a general rule, if the Ladder View looks correct in Print Preview
but the program printout shows “garbage”, the first thing to suspect
is the printer driver being used. Look on the printer manufacturer’s
website for the latest driver for the printer, then download it and
install it on the computer. Once this is done, print one page of the
program in Print Preview to be sure that the problem has been
corrected.
DirectSOFT 6 Crashes
8-10
If DirectSOFT 6 crashes whenever Print or Print Preview is
selected, there may be a corrupted printer setting file in DirectSOFT
6. Each project has a printer settings file that is generated whenever
a new project is created. It will reside in the project folder, and will
have an extension of .prt.
To correct this, close DirectSOFT 6 and delete this file by using
Windows Explorer. Reopen DirectSOFT 6 and try the print operation
again.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 8: Printing
Another reason for DirectSOFT 6 crashing whenever Print or Print
Preview is selected may be from corrupted global printer settings
files. There are two files located in DirectSOFT 6\Program\Bin
sub-folder named PrntSrv.rst and Program.opt. These files can
be deleted from the directory after closing DirectSOFT 6. Locate
the two files by using Windows Explorer. After deleting the files,
reopen DirectSOFT 6 and try the print operation.
Print Setup Dialog
The Print Setup dialog deserves to be mentioned. Print Setup can
be invoked by either using File > Print Setup or pressing the
Print Setup button on the File toolbar. The dialog that appears will
be the Properties dialog for the printer being used. If necessary,
printer settings can be made here as well as choosing the page
layout which includes Landscape and Portrait orientation.
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Chapter 8: Printing
Notes:
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DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
SETUP &
MANAGE
COMMUNICATION
LINKS
C HAPTER
9
In This Chapter
Establish the Communications Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-2
Setup a Serial Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-2
Setup an Ethernet Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-7
Setup a Modem Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-14
Comm Link Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-22
Going Online . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-24
Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
Establish the Communications Link
1
In order to download a program to the PLC a communications link
must be established. If your PLC is connected to your computer by
a serial connection or USB-to-Serial converter, DirectSOFT 6
should be able to auto-configure your communications link for you. If
you are using an Ethernet link or if for some reason your serial link
does not auto-configure, you can follow the steps below to manually
configure a communications link to your PLC.
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NOTE: For tips on troubleshooting a communications link, see Appendix B
5
a Serial Link
6 Setup
Connect the programming cable from the serial port of the PC to the
serial port of the PLC (see Appendix A for selecting the proper cable
7
for your PLC). If your PLC has a RUN\TERM\STOP switch, place it
in the TERM position. The Link Wizard can automatically determine
8
the majority of communication settings for the PLCs.
9
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To establish a new link, activate the Link Wizard from the launch
D
Right click to
select Add Link.
window menu tree, by right-clicking on Comm Links, and then click
on Add Link in the dialog that appears.
1. The next step is to select a communications port. The window at the top
of the facing page will appear showing a list of communication ports. For
serial communication, select the port you will use (commonly COM1)
and click Next.
9-2
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
NOTE: The COMM ports shown in the window below are those which
DirectSOFT 6 will attempt to use. Simply because a COMM port is shown
in the list does not mean the port actually exists on the PC. Open
Windows Control Panel and verify that a port exists in Device Manager.
NOTE: The comm port on your PC may have to be enabled (example,
COM5). See Appendix B, DS600.ini File
2. The next window will show a list of PLC Families. Select the PLC
family by clicking on the appropriate choice. If you are unsure of the
PLC family but know which communications protocol to use, select
“Not Sure”. If you are using a DirectLOGIC compatible PLC, the Link
Wizard will try and detect the PLC type automatically. Click Next when
you are finished.
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Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
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3. Now, to choose the protocol and node address. In this step, you will see
a choice of either DirectNET or K-Sequence. Assuming you have
selected the DirectLOGIC PLC family (not the DL305), the default, KSequence, will be highlighted. The K-Sequence protocol allows you to
perform write operations to individual discrete I/O points and control
relays. DirectNET protocol cannot write to individual bit locations. (See
Appendix A for a list of protocols available for DirectLOGIC and
compatible PLCs).
If your PLC has been configured with a node address other than 1, enter
that address now. Click Next when finished.
4. The Link Wizard will attempt to establish a communication link with the
PLC using the node address and protocol you have selected. It will try
the combination of 9600 Baud, and Odd Parity. If this combination is
unsuccessful, an ‘auto-baud’ sequence will be used to try and determine
the correct baud rate and parity combination. If these attempts are
unsuccessful, the dialogs shown at the top of the facing page will be
displayed. You can click on the Link Editor button, and manually
attempt to adjust the port configuration. See Appendix B for further help.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
1
5. If the Link Wizard is successful in communicating with the PLC, the
following window will prompt you to enter a unique link name, and a
description of the link if desired. The description field allows 32
characters. Enter the name for the link and description then click
Finish to return to the DSLaunch window.
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Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
Link Status
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After creating a link, the name of the link will be displayed in the
menu tree under the Comm Links folder icon. When you click on
the link all of the configuration information will be displayed in the
DSLaunch window. The status field is color-coded to help easily
identify the link status.
Green Ҁ link is enabled (it is active and you can use it).
Yellow Ҁ a link becomes inactive while that specific link is being edited
using the Link Editor.
Red Ҁ communication error, i.e., the link has been broken or the PLC has
lost power. DirectSOFT 6 will automatically attempt to re-establish
the link.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
Setup an Ethernet Link
The Ethernet link is setup using an Ethernet Communications
Module (ECOM) installed in the PLC. The DirectSOFT 6 Link
Wizard is used to setup the link. The Link Wizard will automatically
determine the majority of the communication settings. It will search
for any existing connections and try to establish the link. If a link is
not present or a new link is to be established, the Link Wizard will
need to be activated. The following steps will guide you through
the link setup.
1. Open the Link Wizard from the DSLaunch window. Right click on
Comm Links folder in the DSLaunch menu tree, then select Add
Link.
Right click to
select Add Link.
2. Select Ethernet as the port in the Link Wizard dialog, the click Next.
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3. The Transport and the Transport Protocol is chosen in the next
dialog. The Transport is nothing more than a network driver. Note the
following restrictions:
• If the Operating System is Windows XP then you can choose either
IPX or UDP/IP. Windows Vista, 7 & 8 users must choose UPD/IP.
• If UDP/IP is chosen as the Transport Protocol, the PLC ECOM module
IP address must be changed from its default of 255.255.255.255
before communication will occur. The following dialogs are used for
this.
4. DirectSOFT 6 will use the specified Transport and Transport Protocol to
scan the network for any Ethernet module on the network. After the
scan is complete the following dialog will be displayed.
NOTE: If the dialog is blank, use the drop down list to select the specific
Network Adapter (NIC) that the PLC is connected to. If the list is still blank
after selecting the specific Network Adapter, then you will need to use
NetEdit 3 to set up the ECOM module.
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Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
If the ECOM module has been setup using NetEdit 3, the Link
Wizard dialog will display the information as shown in the sections
named Module List and Address Mode.
The Module List will display the Ethernet modules that are found
on the network, sorted by their Ethernet address. The Ethernet
addresses displayed are unique 12 digit addresses assigned to
the Ethernet module at the factory. The ECOM module will have a
label with the assigned address printed on it. When a device
address is selected in the Module List, the current configuration for
the selected device is displayed in all fields of the dialog.
The Address Mode section displays the module information that
was setup using NetEdit 3. There are three module identifiers
shown: Module Id, Name, IP address and Ethernet address. Any
one of these identifiers can be chosen so the DirectSOFT 6 can
locate the Ethernet module on the network.
NOTE: It is important to have a unique identifier for the Address Mode on
the network.
If for some reason you want to change the module’s configuration,
press the Setup button to make the adjustments. The following
dialog will appear.
The configuration for the module selected in the Devices field will
appear. The fields that are not grayed out can be changed. Be
cautious not to duplicate any of the information when making
changes.
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Refering to the Ethernet Module Setup dialog on the previous page,
the following Configuration fields can be changed:
• The Module ID should be a unique numerical identifier. If this field
is grayed-out, the module ID dip switches have been set. The only
way to change the ID is to change the dip switches (refer to your
particular ECOM User Manual). If the field is accessible, enter a
new ID.
• The Name field can contain up to 32 characters in length. If there
isn’t a name in the field or the name is to be changed, enter a
unique name.
• The Description field can contain any description limited to the
available field.
• The IP Address field should only be changed whenever the
network IP address is changed (refer to your particular ECOM
User Manual). The Network Administrator should be able to
provide the address.
After making any change, press the Update Module button and the
changes will be written to the ECOM module.
The Query Network button will initiate a rescan of the network
using the Transport and Transport Protocol previously specified.
Press the Exit button when the changes have been completed.
5. DirectSOFT 6 will attempt to communicate with the Ethernet module
using the specified parameters. If successful, the following dialog will
ask for a unique Link Name (up to 16 characters) and an optional Link
Description (up to 32 characters) to be entered. Press the Finish
button to save the link configuration to disk.
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Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
6. The successfully created link will be listed with all other links in the
DSLaunch menu tree in the Comm Links folder.
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Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
NetEdit3 Troubleshooting Tips
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As mentioned previously, when using the Hx-ECOM(xxx) module
you will need to configure the IP address using NetEdit3. The
module comes preconfigured to use DHCP, otherwise it defaults to
address 0.0.0.0 and subnet 0.0.0.0.
If NetEdit3 doesn't see the ECOM module when you press "Scan
Network", check the following:
1) Verify Link Good LEDs are illuminated on module and connecting
devices like hubs or unmanaged switches.
2) Turn OFF any WiFi devices or other ethernet devices.
3) Firewalls need to be turned OFF for initial connection (see Windows
Help). Also, turn OFF any antivirus or other protection software that can
interfere with ethernet communication.
4) Try to PING the ECOM module to establish basic connection (see
Windows Help, or search for resources on internet if not familiar with
these steps).
5) You may need to disable any other network adapters besides the one
physically connected to the ECOM or network the ECOM is on. If you
get "Transport Protocol error", try the instructions in this link:
http://hosteng.com/FAQFiles/ECOM.htm#FAQ0024
Go to Step 4, Item C. The latest version of NetEdit has the ability to
select the specific network adapter, by going to the main Menu, select
"Network", then "Adapter" and specifying which installed adapter you
want to use ( it also lists the IP addresses of the adapters). We strongly
suggest you download the latest version of NetEdit here:
http://hosteng.com/SW-Products/NetEdit3.zip
6) If you have a network administrator, you may need to check with them
to verify the configuration of the local network.
7) If you have Windows XP or earlier, and you still can't make a
connection, you should consider trying the IPX protocol. Click the IPX
button in NetEdit3. If you get the 10047 error, you need to install the
NWLink/IPX protocol to your computer ethernet card. See Windows
Help for this procedure, or try this link
http://hosteng.com/FAQFiles/ECOM.htm#FAQ0043
If you can't connect to an existing/unknown ECOM100 in a network, and
the card is likely newer than 2007, by powering-down and putting
dipswitch 6 ON, then powering up, the IP address will be reset to all 0's,
and should become visible to NetEdit3. You must power down and turn
this dip back OFF for card to be able to operate properly.
http://hosteng.com/FAQFiles/ECOM.htm#FAQ0085
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Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
Other potential issues with ECOM modules:
- All ECOM modules need dipswitch 7 ON for IBoxes and DataWorx
communications.
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- ECOM modules can not be located in slot 0 of a 205 system.
If you are trying ModbusTCP client(master) comms with an
ECOM100, look at this link for the steps to follow:
http://hosteng.com/FAQFiles/ECOM.htm#FAQ0050
(note that if the ECOM100 is the slave, these steps are not
required).
When you have established a link to the ECOM and NetEdit can
identify it, note the F and B columns. An asterisk in a column
means that the firmware/booter is not the latest version (this likely
won't hinder your operation, some firmware fixes are for very rare
issues.) You can go to File>Live Update ( if you have an active
internet connection - remember, as part of the connection you may
have had to disable your internet - you can click Live Update to
get the latest firmware/booter versions).
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Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
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Setup a Modem Link
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Establishing modem links have changed from the standard serial
link. DirectSOFT 6 uses Telephony Application Programming
Interface (TAPI) for modem configurations. The TAPI protocol allows
applications to control modems or other telephony devices for
operations such as dialing, answering or disconnecting a
connection. With the TAPI protocol, all of the modem support is
centralized by the Windows operating system.
By using TAPI, the Windows modem setup utilities will be used to
configure the modem. Configuring the modem in this manner should
simplify the setup process and allow the selection of the most
recent drivers for the modem being used.
NOTE: If the AutomationDirect MDM-TEL serial modem is being used, refer
to the ADC MDM-TEL Modem setup folder on the DirectSOFT 6 cd that
came with this manual before trying to establish a link through the modem
setup.
Modem Setup
9-14
The first series of examples were performed in Windows 2000 and
will illustrate how to configure a modem connected to your PC. The
examples may differ depending on the Windows operating system
being used.
1. Install the modem if not already installed. Refer to the modem’s
documentation for installation information. If the modem is to be used
for other devices, it will need to be installed a second time.
2.Once the modem has been successfully installed, the properties will
need to be edited. In the Windows Start field, select Settings > Control
Panel.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
3. Select Phone and Modem Options. A dialog with all available modems
installed will appear.
4. Choose the Modems tab, then click on Properties at the bottom.
5. Choose 9600 as the Maximum Port Speed.
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Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
6. Select the Advanced tab and click on Change Default Preferences.
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7. Make Port speed 9600 and choose None for Flow Control.
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Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
8. Click on the Advanced tab and choose 8 Data bits., None for Parity
and 1 Stop bits.
9. Click OK until all dialogs are closed. This will setup your Windows
driver so DirectSOFT 6 can use the Windows TAPI control when
accessing the modem.
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Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
Configuring the Link
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With the modem configured correctly, the link to the PLC can now
be established. The next series of steps will provide the information
necessary for configuring the link using DirectSOFT 6.
1. The Link Wizard can automatically determine the majority of the
communication settings, however, the specific modem information
(modem type, phone number, etc.) will have to be entered manually. To
activate the Link Wizard in the Launch Window, right click on Comm
Links in the DSLaunch tree, then select Add Link.
Right click to
select Add Link.
2. Select Modem as the device, then click the Next button.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
3. The Configure Link dialog should now be in view. First, choose the
PLC family and CPU type. Click once on the appropriate PLC Family
and a list of available CPUs for that family will appear in the PLC Type
window for your selection. Also, give the link a name and description.
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4. Click the Port tab on the dialog to display the port configuration dialog.
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This dialog is used to setup the port to match the modem’s
configuration. Follow the steps below:
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a. Select Modem in the Devices column.
b. Select the modem type that was configured in the Windows modem
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setup. The can be verified or modified by clicking on the Properties
button or a new modem can be setup by clicking on the Add button.
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c. Enter the dialing information for the modem.
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5. Click the Protocol tab to display the communication protocol dialog.
The communications parameters can be defined further in this dialog.
a. Select the communication protocol to use. Refer to the chart in
Appendix A for a breakdown of the various CPUs and which protocols
are supported on which ports.
b. If the PLC has been given a node Address other than 1, enter the
new address.
c. If necessary, adjust the Timeouts and Retries, however, the default
values should be the best choice.
6. Click the Accept button to save the link configuration. The following
dialog will appear. If Yes is pressed, DirectSOFT 6 will dial the modem
and attempt to verify that it can indeed communicate with the PLC
connected to the other modem using the defined parameters in the link.
DirectSOFT 6 will hangup after the connection has been made. If No is
pressed, the link configuration will simply be saved to disk.
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Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
7. After the link has been successfully setup, the newly configured Modem
link will be listed on the DSLaunch tree under Comm Links in the
DSLaunch window. The DSLaunch window will display all the
information for the link whenever the link is selected.
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Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
1
Comm Link Options
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There are several link options available after a link is setup. The link
options dialog is opened by right-clicking on the link name which is
to be accessed. The available options are shown in the dialog
below.
Selecting Run will use the link to connect to the PLC. DirectSOFT 6
will connect to the PLC and search it for a program. If a program is
found in the PLC, it will be displayed in the programming window
without a program name. Also, the displayed program will not have
any documentation showing because the documentation is stored
with the project on disk and not in the PLC.
NOTE: Double-clicking on the link name will also connect to the PLC.
Clicking on Error Log... will open the Link Info window displaying
all communication errors which have occurred on the link along with
active information for the link.
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Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
Clicking on Edit Link... will open the Configure Link dialog which
was used whenever the link was setup. Click on the link to be
edited, make the necessary changes then press the Accept
button.
There may be a time when it becomes necessary to delete a
Comm Link. To delete a link, click Delete Link... and the Delete
Link dialog will open, like the one below, showing the link name
and description to verify that the link is not used any longer. To
delete the link, click on Delete!.
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Chapter 9: Setup & Manage Communication Links
1
Going Online
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Once the program has been edited and the communications link
has been setup, it is time to go online with the PLC and load the
program.
Connect the PLC
With the Ladder View displayed in the Programming window, either
press the Connect button on the PLC toolbar (if it is displayed) or
use PLC > Connect from the Menu bar. Select the communications
link from the Select Link dialog, then select Use Disk from the
Online/Offline Differences dialog (refer to pages 2-22 to 2-24).
This will load the program into the PLC. The PLC will be in the
Program Mode after DirectSOFT 6 completes the download. Press
the PLC Mode button on the Online toolbar and click on Run in the
PLC Modes dialog to place the PLC online.
To disconnect from the PLC, simply press the Disconnect button on
the PLC toolbar or use PLC > Disconnect from the Menu bar.
Select Yes when asked Are you sure?, then you will be free to
shut down.
Use the Project Folder
Once a project has been saved to disk, the project name will appear
on the menu tree in the Project Folder. To open the project,
double-click on its name. When the programming window is
displayed, you can go online following the process just discussed.
Use the Link
9-24
You can also connect to the PLC by using the communications link.
Make sure that a cable is connected to the PLC, then select the link
name from the menu tree and double-click on it. If there is a
program in the PLC, it will be displayed in the Programming window
when it appears. Notice that the name of the program is UNTITLED
[Ladder View]. The PLC does not store the program name or other
documentation in its memory. All of the program documentation is
stored on disk in the PC.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
DEBUGGING AND
MONITORING
CHAPTER
10
In This Chapter
Monitor with Data View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-2
Change Value Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-16
Using the Memory Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-20
Test Mode Operations for Debugging . . . . . . . . . . . .10-22
Trap Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-25
Stack Monitor (DL440 Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-28
Trend View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-29
Check DirectSOFT 6 File Revision . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-33
Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
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Monitor with Data View
Chapter 2, Quick Start, described how to edit a program and go
online with the PLC. There was also a discussion on how to monitor
the status of the program. This chapter will discuss more monitoring
and debugging features of DirectSOFT 6.
Using Data View
Using the Status to monitor a program is very useful. The Data
View window is more useful since you can do much more in one
view. The Data View window has more advantages, such as:
• View status of elements.
• Read and write data values.
• Multiple Data Views can be open at the same time.
• Since they “float”, they can be placed at convenient locations.
• Data View is also conveniently docked by default, and can be set to autohide by clicking on the push-pin. Multiple Data Views can be tabbed
together as one dockable or floating window.
• Use Data View to monitor the program all views (ladder, stage,
mnemonic) on the same screen.
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• The Data View window can be saved by name.
• Data View windows are independent of projects, and can be used for
multiple projects.
Open a New Data View Window
10-2
A new Data View window can be opened in any one of three ways;
the menu bar Debug > Data View > New, the keyboard shortcut
Ctrl + Shift + F3 or the Data button on the Online toolbar.
By default, the Data
View windows are
assigned names
Data1, Data2, etc.
consecutively. This
name can be changed
for the current view
using the Options
dialog.
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Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
The following diagram is an example of a newly opened Data View.
A Closer Look
Data Format
Select
Edits
Mode
Format Size
Clear Edits
Write
Current Edit
to PLC
Write All
Edits to PLC
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Edits Column
A closer look at Data View will show the basic components.
• Select Edits Mode Ҁ enables/disables the Edits column. When
the column is enabled, Edits can be written to the PLC. The Edits
column is not available when disabled.
• Data Format Ҁ change the format (bit, binary, Octal, decimal, etc.)
displayed in the Status column for a selected row.
• Format Size Ҁ choose the selected Data Format displayed in the
Status column(1, 16, 32, WORD, etc.).
• Clear Edits Ҁ this will clear all data entries from the Edits column.
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• Write Current Edit to PLC Ҁ the data value for one element can
be entered in the Edits column and written to the PLC with this
button.
• Write All Edits to PLC Ҁ multiple data values can be entered in
the Edits column and written to the PLC.
Data View Options
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The Data View window can be customized for a particular user or
users. To customize Data View, click on the Data View window, then
use View > Options on the menu bar, press the Options button on
the Offline toolbar or right-click in the Data View and choose
Options. The Options dialog will open with the Data View tab in view
as shown above.
The dialog will open with default selections checked in the General
Settings in the Display 1 tab. More settings are continued in the
Display 2 tab. Checking Col 1 shows display format may be
beneficial at times. This will show the display format to the right of
the element in the first column. Not all requirements are the same,
and experimenting with the General Settings will determine what
works best for you.
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Select Bits for Display
Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
The Bit Display Settings area to the right of the General
Settings, is only available under the Display 1 tab. There are three
selections for controlling or monitoring bits with the PLC in the Run
Mode, either one, two, all three or none can be selected
(enabled).
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• Status Bits Ҁ when this is enabled, the status of the element will be
shown in the Status column if Status On is enabled.
• Pause Bits Ҁ enabling this will allow inputs (or other logic) to operate
while disabling selected outputs.
• Override Bits Ҁ selected I/O points in Data View can be turned
ON/OFF if this is enabled.
The diagram below shows what a Data View can look like when all
three Bit Display Settings are enabled. Notice that the outputs are
the only elements to have all three sets of data bit buttons in the
Edits column. Each group of bit setting buttons can have the
displayed indicator changed from the default to any one of twenty
selections.
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NOTE: The buttons in the Edits column will only be displayed when the
PLC is in the Run Mode and Status is selected. Also, they will be disabled
for DirectNET links.
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Click on the bit button to be changed and a selection window for
that button will appear as shown in the diagram below. Make a
selection, such as the light bulb, by clicking on it. The indicator will
appear in the button and also on the Data View.
Click on
Status On
button to
change the
indicator.
Indicator
selection
window.
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Indicator is
in buttons
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Data View Documentation Options
Next to the Display 2 tab is the Doc tab. Select this tab to set up
the documentation to be displayed on the Data View window.
Whatever documentation (Elements, Nicknames, etc.) is to be
displayed in the Element column is enabled or disabled here. The
current Data View window can also be renamed from Data1,
Data2, Data3, etc. to any name to better identify it. Enter the new
name for the current Data View in the Title field. The name
entered can contain up to 32 characters.
Enter new name here.
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Apply Options
Notice the three boxes next to the Apply options to: circled in the
above diagram. These boxes are in view while the dialog is open.
Select the view the options are to be applied to when the OK
button is pressed.
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Data View Mode Options
Next to the Doc tab is the Mode tab. The mode selections will
determine whether the data in the Status column will be Read Only
(no writes) or Read/Write. A Data View can be setup for Read Only
if changes to data will not be permitted by whoever is observing it.
Read/Write should be selected for monitoring and debugging a
program. Leave Safety enabled so the write operation can be
confirmed.
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Make Data View Entries
10-8
The columns in a new Data View window are blank whenever it is
first opened. The entries are entered in the Elements column. The
type of entries that can be made are element references, memory
addresses or nicknames. For example, control relay C1 or Test
Output 1 are valid
entries. Also, R000
for a data register
or V1200 for a Vmemory location
can be entered.
The example here
shows elements
and a memory
location which have
been entered while
Online with Status
enabled.
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Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
It really doesn’t matter if entries are made in the Element column
with the PLC Online or Offline, Status On or Status Off. Entries can
be made with the PLC Offline, then it can be placed Online later to
monitor the program.
Whenever a Data View window is opened, it appears to the left of
the Ladder View (see the example on the facing page). Keep in
mind that the Data View can be repositioned and resized to make
room for a larger Ladder View like the example below. The Data
View position in the example may be radical, but it may be more
convenient for the user.
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Data Format and Size
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There are two small fields located in the top left-hand corner of the
Data View window. The one on the left is the Data Format field
which displays the element type when it is selected in the Element
column. If the selected element is a bit type, then Bit will be
displayed in the field. If desired, Bit can be changed to Binary by
clicking on the down arrow next to the field. A dialog will drop down
with the available selections to chose. The field to the right of the
Format field is the Data Format Size field. The size refers to the
data length. As an example, Bit is equal to 1 and Word is equal to
16 bits. The selection of the Data Format and Size is left up to the
programmer monitoring the program.
Data
Format Types
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Bit changed to
Binary (16 bits)
Write the Edits
Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
Debugging a program is not beneficial unless the user can change
an element or enter data in a memory location. Changes (edits)
are made in the Edits column. All of the edits are placed in a buffer
prior to writing them to the PLC. There are three buttons located at
the top of the Data View window which are associated with the
Edits column. These buttons are pointed out in the example below.
The Clear Edits button will clear everything out of the Edits buffer
so new edits can be entered. Single edits can be entered into
memory, such as a counter setpoint value. Simply enter the value
in the Edits column in the counter row. A single edit can also turn
on a control relay by clicking on the ON button for the relay. Once
both types of entries (edits) are made, click on the button with the
single arrow pointing to the PLC, Write to PLC. Multiple values or
control relays can also be written to the PLC. The entries or ON
buttons are selected as for the single edit. After the edits are
made, click on the button with four arrows pointing down at the
PLC. The edits will be written to the PLC one at a time.
Clear Edits
Write
Current Value
to PLC
Write Multiple
Values to PLC
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WARNING: I/O points can be turned on by using the Override
buttons. Caution must be taken when forcing I/O to prevent accidental
harm to personnel and equipment.
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Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
Auto-increment
Auto-increment is a feature that can be used to enter elements
sequentially. For instance, if a group of control relays , C10, C11,
C12 and C13 are to be monitored, enter C10 then click on it again,
and then hold down Ctrl + Enter and control relays will be entered
until the Enter key is released. If there is an element that has been
entered previously in Data View, click on the element nickname or
reference, then use the Ctrl + Enter keys as mentioned above. The
elements will be entered in sequence below the starting point and
any elements that were below the start point will be pushed down
below that point.
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Click on an
element, then
press Ctrl + Enter
to make sequential
entries.
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Editing Entries
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Editing the entries can only be accomplished by using the standard
keyboard shortcuts. Click on the element to be edited, then use
either Ctrl + C or Ctrl + X to copy or cut the element. Ctrl + V is
used to paste the element.
WARNING: Because Data View follows the conventions of spreadsheet
pasting, be aware that the pasting operation will overwrite any field
that has been selected prior to the paste. Consequently, it is preferred
to paste the data into an empty field.
Elements can be deleted from a Data View at any time. Select the
item by clicking on it, then either use the Delete key, Edit > Delete,
the Delete button on the Edit toolbar or right-clicking on the element
then select Delete in the pop-up menu. The deleted elements are
not placed on the clipboard, therefore lost.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
An editing feature that can be useful is the ability to select more
than one item in Data View by using the method used to select
rungs in the Ladder View. Select the first item in the group, then
use the Shift + Arrow keys to mark a range of items either
horizontally or vertically. A more simple way to mark items is to
click on the first item in the range, and hold the button and drag
the mouse arrow over the rest of the last item to mark. The
marked items can then either be deleted, cut, copied or you can
change the Data Format or Data Size of the selected items all to
the same format or size.
Save the Data View Window
Once the Data View window has been setup for debugging and
monitoring a program, it is a good idea to save it so it can be
opened and used later. If the Debug toobar is displayed, click on
the Save button and the Save dialog will open. The Data View can
be named something else instead of the default ( Data1, Data2,
etc.), then save the Data View to the Projects folder by clicking on
the Save button. The Save dialog can also be opened by using
Debug > Data View > Save from the Menu bar. If a duplicate
Data View is needed, either use the Save As button on the Debug
toolbar or Debug > Data View > Save As from the Menu bar.
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Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
Using Pause Bits
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A Pause Bit can be set for each output in the Data View window. By
setting the Pause Bit, the output status can be controlled when the
PLC transitions from Test Run to Test Program. The ability to hold
output states is useful, since it allows key system I/O points to be
maintained.
The Pause Bit is set to maintain the output status, and the Pause Bit
is turned off to allow the PLC to turn off the output on the transition
to Test Program mode.
The Pause Bit option is selected for outputs in the Data View
Options tab as seen below. The On/Off Pause buttons will then
show on the Data View.
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To set the Pause Bit for an output, click on the respective pause
button (letter P). Click on the blank button to turn the pause feature
Off. When in the Off mode, the Pause Bit is not set and the output
will turn off on the transition to Test Program. The letter ‘P’ in the
Status column indicates the Pause Bit is set for that output.
Pause Bits set
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Pause Buttons
Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
Use Override Bits to Control I/O
(DL05/06/240/250-1/260/350/450 Only)
If your PLC supports Override Bits, they can be set for each input
and output using Data View. Setting these bits allows the status of
the input or output to be controlled by a programming device
instead of the field device wired to the I/O module. It is similar to
forcing an I/O ON or OFF.
To use the Override Bits, they must be enabled in the Data View
Options dialog. Select Override Bits just like the Pause Bits were
selected. Click on the Select Mode button at the top of the Data
View window to view the Override Bits buttons. Expand the Data
View window if necessary so the buttons will show.
Select
Mode button
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Override Buttons
To set an Override Bit for an I/O point, click on the respective
Override button with the letter ‘O’. Clicking on the blank button will
turn the Override feature Off. The letter ‘O’ in the status column
indicates the Override Bit is set for that I/O point.
NOTE: Override bits clear out on a Program to Run transition.
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Change Value Dialog
WARNING: Only authorized personnel should make changes to the
program elements or data values. Changes made while the PLC is in
Run Mode become effective immediately. Throughly consider the
impact of making changes in order to minimize the risk of personal
injury or damage to equipment.
The Data View window can be used to make dynamic changes to
I/O and change data values stored in memory. The status of an I/O
point is performed by using the dynamic edit buttons, and the data
values are changed by typing new values in the Edit column. Both
types of edit take effect only when they are written to the PLC.
Use the Change Value Dialog
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Turning On/Off I/O points (only with Override bits set) and writing
data values to memory locations can also be accomplished by using
the Change Value dialog. When using this dialog, it is not
necessary to have Status on to make changes to the PLC, but it is a
good idea to be able to see the changes when they are made.
To open the Change Value dialog, either press the Change Value
button located on the Online toolbar, use Ctrl + Shift + F2 or, with
Status on and not in the Edit mode, double click on the element to
change. The following dialog will appear.
The dialog will open with either a default reference or the reference
that was double-clicked on showing in the Element window.
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Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
Specify an Element Reference or Nickname
Since nicknames and element references are used when editing a
program, they can also be used with the Change Value dialog. If
an element with a nickname is enabled in the program when the
dialog is opened, the nickname will appear in the Element field. An
element does not need to be enabled to open the Change Value
dialog. If the default reference (C0) is displayed when the dialog is
Specify the
element reference
or the nickname.
Current Value is
either ON or OFF.
The element
type will be
displayed here.
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opened, either type in the element reference or the nickname that
is to be changed. The dialog will always open with the Current
Value displayed. The displayed element will either be On or Off.
The Current Value can also be a memory location. (see below).
The Element field
can have a memory
location.
The Curent Value
field will display the
data in memory.
The data types
are displayed
here.
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Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
Enter a New Value
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To change the state (value) of a bit data type, such as a control
relay, enter the reference or nickname. The example diagram below
has C1 entered in the Element field. To change it from Off to On,
simply click the On under New. Like Data View, the new state will
not be written to the PLC until it is told to. Do this by pressing the
Write to PLC button. The Current Value will change to read On.
Change Current
Value to ON.
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Current Value
now reads ON
NOTE: To force I/O, use the Override editor.
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Press the Write
to PLC button.
Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
To write to a V-memory location, type the memory location in the
Element field. The value in memory will appear in the current
value view. To change the value, enter it in the New field, then
press the Write to PLC button.The new value is written to the V-
Data will be
dynamically
displayed
here.
memory location. The value in the memory location will be
displayed under Current Value.
When an I/O reference or a memory location is entered in the
Element field, the status or value will be displayed in the New
value field as well as under the Current Value. By clicking on the
Read from PLC button, the Current Value and the New field will
be updated with the current status or data.
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Using the Memory Editor
WARNING: Only authorized personnel should make changes to the
program elements or data values. Changes made while the PLC is in
Run Mode become effective immediately. Thoroughly consider the
impact of making changes in order to minimize the risk of personal
injury or damage to equipment.
Another debugging tool which DirectSOFT 6 features is the
Memory Editor. The Memory Editor can be used to view and
change data in a multiple of memory locations. This is especially
helpful for:
• Entering or changing values in V-memory or Data Registers for use as
constants, timer/counter presets, etc.
• Entering text strings into a block of V-memory or Data Registers.
Either press the Memory Editor (Memory) button located on the
Tools toolbar, use Tools > Memory Editor on the Menu bar or use
the keyboard shortcut, Ctrl + Y. The following diagaram is an
example of the Memory Editor.
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Select the Locations to View
To use the Memory Editor, first use the Find button located in the
upper right-hand corner of the editor. A dialog will appear for the
entry of the memory address to begin the range to be viewed or
edited and press OK.
NOTE: The Memory Editor cannot be used to access bit registers (I/O as
registers or V-memory). For example, R600 is entered to access Timer 600
in a DL305 system, or V1000 to access Counter 0 actual value in a DL05
PLC.
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Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
Enter
memory
address for
start of range
to view.
Find
button
Entering V1000 for the memory range will display the alias CTA0.
The alias could have also been entered. Notice the Format area
where the default, BCD/Hex, has been automatically selected.
This is the proper format for the actual counter value. If the user
wishes to view it in a different format, simply click on one of the
formats shown to change the default. Also, the data size can be
selected in the same manner. How the data is viewed is strictly up
to the user. Any one of the sixteen data fields can be selected to
enter data. Once new data is entered in the data field, press the
Write to PLC button to update the PLC. The Memory Editor will
not update the data being viewed automatically. To view data
being updated, press the Read from PLC button. Press this
button each time you wish to view data being updated.
There may be times when a block of memory will be need to be
setup with data and saved for use during debugging. Simply enter
the data in each data field to be written to the PLC. After entering
the data, press the Write to Disk button to save the data. Use the
Read from Disk to re-enter the data in memory.
Read from Disk and Write to Disk buttons.
Read from PLC and Write to PLC buttons.
Data fields
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Test Mode Operations for Debugging
Select Test Mode
DirectLOGIC PLCs support most Test Mode operations which
DirectSOFT 6 features (only the DL440 and DL450 support all Test
Mode operations). Test Mode operations can be a useful tool for
debugging programs. Have Status on when using the Test Mode
feature to assist with debugging your program. Enter the Test Mode
from either the Run Mode or Program Mode, by either pressing the
Mode button on the Online toolbar, using PLC > PLC Modes on the
Menu bar or using the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + Shift + R. The PLC
Modes window shown below will appear. Select Test then OK.
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If the PLC is in the Run Mode when Test is selected, the CPU will
still be scanning the program and Test RUN will be displayed in the
PLC Mode Indicator at the bottom of the program display window.
Stop PLC
Scan button
To use the Test Operations, open the Test Operations window by
selecting the Test button from the Debug toolbar. The PLC must be
in the Test Program Mode. The PLC can be placed in the Test
Program Mode from the above window by clicking on the Stop PLC
Scan button which will be the only button highlighted in the window
when in Test Run. The Test Program Mode can also be entered
from the Program Mode by opening the PLC Modes window and
selecting Test.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
Test Program Operations
There are four operations available for all DirectLOGIC PLCs in
the Test mode only:
1. Start PLC Scan Ҁ this places the PLC into the Test Run mode
and will start the execution of the PLC. The PLC will continue
executing until the Stop PLC Scan button is pressed.
2. Stop PLC Scan Ҁ this places the PLC into the Test Program
mode which will stop the execution of the PLC.
3. Single Scan Ҁ will start the execution of the PLC program for
one scan, and then stop execution of the program.
4. Multiple Scans Ҁ is used to execute the PLC program for a
given number of scans. Use this when in the Test mode. Enter
the number of scans in the entry field of the pop-up window,
and press OK. The PLC will change to Test Run mode until the
given number of scans have been executed at which time the
PLC will change to Test Program mode. This item is only
available when the PLC is in the Test mode.
Two additional Test Operations are only available for the DL440
and DL450 PLCs, they are:
Breakpoint Ҁ specify an instruction address at which to stop the
PLC. Pressing OK will execute the program until it reaches the
address, and then the PLC is placed into Halt Mode.
Use this in the Test Program mode, Breakpoint will place the PLC
into Test Run mode until the specified address is executed then
returns the PLC to Test Halt mode. Use Breakpoint only in the test
mode.
BREAK Instruction Ҁ this instruction changes the operational
mode of the CPU from Run to the Test Program mode. The Break
instruction allows V-memory and image register data to be
retained where it would normally be cleared with the STOP
instruction or a normal Run to Program transition. (see the DL405
User Manual).
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Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
The Test Operations Window
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When in one of the Test Modes, the Test Operations window can be
opened with the Test button located on the Debug toolbar or by
using Debug > Test Mode Operations from the Menu bar, and the
following window will appear. The window has six buttons to be used
for Test Operations mentioned on the previous page. The buttons
available for each test mode will be highlighted. Only one button,
Stop PLC Scan is available in Test Run, and two buttons are only
available for use with the DL440/450 PLCs, Single Step and
Breakpoint.
Breakpoint
Start PLC Scan
Single Step
Stop PLC Scan
Single Scan
Multiple Scans
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Trap Monitor
Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
Access the Trap Monitor
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The DL06, DL250-1, DL260 and DL450 uses an additional
diagnostic tool called a Trap Monitor. The Trap Monitor is used to
trap (capture) element data at a specific address rather than after
a scan. The Trap Monitor can be a useful tool if you wish to look at
some ladder logic in the Test Run mode. An example might be to
check a math routine to see if it is working properly.
To use the Trap Monitor, either press the Trap button located on
the Debug toolbar, if it is displayed, or use Debug > Trap Monitor
on the Menu bar. The Trap Monitor can only by used in the Test
Run Mode. If the PLC is not in Test Run, a message will appear to
ask you if it is safe to switch the PLC to Test Run mode. Select the
“Switch to....” button. Another dialog will appear and ask if you are
sure it’s okay to switch to Test Run. Once the PLC is placed in
Test Run, the dialog shown below will appear. A definition of the
basic components will be helpful before using the Trap Monitor.
Enable trap pushpins shown in
disabled position.
This area is read
only and will display
the data for the
trapped element.
This is the address
of the trapped
element (not the
rung number).
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The element
trapped at the
above address.
Press this button
to change the
format of the
Element Value to
be read.
The Trap Monitor can be used as shown above by entering the
element address and the element reference to read the data in the
read only area of the dialog. The address can be left alone while the
element reference is being changed if it is necessary to read the
Element Value at that address. Or, the Address can be incremented
or decremented leaving the Element Value alone to check the data
at different addresses.
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Another way to use the Trap Monitor is to enable the two Trap pushpins. When the pins are enabled, the Address can be incremented
or decremented while observing the Element located at the new
Address. The read-only data will also change.
If you want to “step” through a program area to check the data in
V-memory locations, just leave the Trap Monitor dialog as shown
above, then place the ladder program cursor over the element (box)
with the memory reference in it. You can then read the data in the
read only area.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Use with Data View
Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
The Trap Monitor is normally used in combination with one or
more Data Views so the inputs and outputs of the Ladder Logic or
Stage program can be controlled. The Trap Monitor is useful to
look at math operations in a program. The format for the values
being read can be specified (Decimal, Hex or Octal). Press the
button in the lower right-hand corner of the dialog to open another
dialog to set the format.
NOTE: The Trap Monitor feature is not available to use with the DL05.
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Stack Monitor (DL440 Only)
Access the Stack Monitor
The Stack Monitor monitors PLC accumulator and data stack. Either
use the Debug->Test Mode Operations->Breakpoint dialog or the
BREAK instruction to monitor the PLC accumulator and data stack
at a specific address.
Access the Stack Monitor by either pressing the Stack button
located on the Debug toolbar or by selecting Debug > Stack
Monitor from the Menu bar. This feature is used most frequently
with segments of programming which require debugging math
operations.
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Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
Trend View
As mentioned in Chapter 7, Trend View is used to visually monitor
the values of DL controller data elements over time. The Trend
View can monitor any readable numeric location or any readable
bit location or any constant value.
The Trend View logs the values of the controller elements on each
pane of the Trend. Those values are displayed on a moving graph.
The Trend View also provides a historical mode which lets the
programmer view all of the data that is currently stored for each of
the data points on the display. The logged data values can also be
exported to a CSV file for importing into a third-party application
for further research.
A new (empty) Trend View can be created by selecting Debug >
Trend View > New from the Menu, or clicking the Trend button on
the Online toolbar. Enter the number of Panes in the Number of
Panes field or use the Up or Down arrow to set the value. Click
the OK button to accept or the Cancel button to abort.
NOTE: Refer to the DirectSOFT 6 help file for more information on
configuration options and features of Trend View.
Using the Trend View
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Once a Trend View has been created and its display options have
been configured, the Trend will begin collecting data for each of
the controller elements on each of the panes and displaying the
data in graphical form as seen below.
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Some things to be aware of when using Trend Views:
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• Discrete points, integer values and real values are placed in separate
panes.
• Variables are graphed using solid lines.
• Constants are graphed using dotted horizontal lines.
• Red vertical lines indicate a loss of communication.
• Blue vertical lines indicate communication is re-established.
The Crosshair Cursor
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The crosshair cursor is displayed anytime the mouse cursor moves
over any of the panes in a Trend View. The crosshair provides a
visual reference when comparing values displayed on the Panes of
a Trend. If there are multiple Panes in the Trend View, the vertical
bar of the crosshair will extend through all of them.
Using the CTRL key and the scroll wheel on the mouse will put the Trend
View into Historical Mode and zoom into or out of the area under the center
of the crosshair as follows:
• CTRL + scolling upward will zoom into the area by decreasing the Time
Scale
• CTRL + scrolling downward will zoom out of the area by increasing the
Time Scale.
Left-clicking the mouse will take a snapshot of all the values on all
the Panes on the Trend at the time where the crosshair was located,
then present the data on a snapshot dialog.
Clicking the Copy Contents to Clipboard button will copy the data
displayed on the snapshot dialog to the Windows clipboard, which
can then be pasted into any other Windows application for further
processing.
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Looking at the above Trend View, notice the following menu
options at the top of the View.
Trend View Options - opens the Trend View Options dialog to specify the
controller elements that will be included in the Trend and to choose how
those elements will be displayed on the Trend. When this button is
clicked, the last pane that had focus will be selected (highlighted) when
the Trend View Options menu comes up.
Toggle Historical Mode - stops the real-time (live) update of the trend
displays and adds a scroll bar to the bottom of the trend panel that
allows the user to scroll backwards in time through all of the data that is
currently stored for each of the data points on the displays. The data
gathering for each data point on the trend displays will continue while the
Trend View is in historical mode. When the Trend View is in historical
mode the tab name will have the word [HISTORICAL] added to it.
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Clicking the button again will re-enable the real-time (live) update of the
trend displays and the trend graphs will be updated with all of the data
that was gathered while the displays were in historical mode.
Export Range - is used to export the values that are currently stored for
each data point on the trend. All of the accumulated data points or only
the data points between two user-selected time stamps can be exported.
Synchronize with Other Trend Views - is used to synchronize the time
frame and the starting time stamp of multiple Trend Views so that all
synchronized views will display the same start time and the same
amount of time.
Click the Sync button to display a list of the available Trend Views.
Select the Views from the list that are to be synchronized with the current
view then click the Synchronize button.
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Begin Recording - click this button to begin the recording session. The
button face will change from a red circle to a black square with Stop as its
new name and the word [RECORDING] will be displayed in the dialog's
tab. Clicking this button again will stop the recording and a Save As dialog
will prompt for the filename in which to save the recorded data.
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10-32
Pause Recording - stops recording data while the button is depressed.
The button will appear depressed and the word [RECORDING - PAUSED]
will be displayed in the dialog's tab. Click the button again to continue
recording data or click the Cancel button to stop the recording session
completely.
Time Scale - sets the overall amount of time to be
displayed in all of the panes.
The Time Scale can be set to the following:
- 500ms
- 1 Second
- 5 Seconds
- 10 Seconds
- 20 Seconds
- 30 Seconds
- 45 Seconds
- 1 Minute (default)
- 2 Minutes
- 5 Minutes
- 7 Minutes
- 10 Minutes
- 30 Minutes
- 1 Hour
The Time Scale value is set by the following methods:
• Clicking on the Time Scale icon at the desired interval location
• Clicking on the Time Scale icon at the desired location then use the
arrow keys or the mouse scroll wheel to decrease or increase the value
• Clicking and holding the slider and dragging left to decrease and right to
increase the value
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
Check DirectSOFT 6 File Revision
DirectSOFT 6 has a quick and easy method of looking at the
various versions of the files which comprise the software. This
feature may never be used, however, this may be useful in the
future as additional features are added in upgrade packages, new
products, etc.
Open the Version Browser by double-clicking on Version located
under Utilities on the DSLaunch menu tree.
Double-click
here
1
2
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
10
TIP: A simple way to check the DirectSOFT 6 version is to open a project
program and select Help > About.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
1
2
3
4
A
B
C
D
10-33
Chapter 10: Debugging and Monitoring
Notes:
1
2
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
2
13
4
A
B
C
D
10-34
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Index
INDEX
A
Bookmark 7-18
Entries 10-8
Options 10-4
Documentation Editor 6-4
Docked View 7-19
DSxxx.ini B-10
DSLaunch window 3-2
Dump B-10
C
E
Cable Diagrams A-6
Colors in DirectSOFT 6 4-24
Communication Link 2-24
Link Wizard 2-24
Protocol and Node Address 2-25, 9-4
Select Link 2-24
Compare Programs 2-27
Connecting Lines 5-19
Copy or Save Existing Files 3-7
Current Value 10-17
ECOM 9-7
element references 10-8
End Coil 5-17
End Rung 2-21
Error Log 9-22
Ethernet link 9-7
Exporting 6-14
Element Documentation 6-16
Program Documentation 6-14
Rung Comments 6-18
D
F
Data Types 5-4
Aliases 5-5
Data View 10-2
Documentation 10-7
Editing Entries 10-12
Floating View 7-19
Auto-increment 10-12
AutoSense=0 B-12
B
I
I/O Configuration 5-2
Importing 6-14
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
i-1
Index
A Program 6-19
Element Documentation 6-22
Program Comments 6-24
Importing Projects 3-5
Input Element 2-19
Insert Instructions 6-24
Install Software 2-3
Installing an Upgrade 2-4
Instruction Browser 5-8
Instruction Editor 5-6
L
Ladder Palette 4-28, 5-8
Link Status 9-6
Link Wizard 2-24, 9-2
M
Menu Bar 5-10
Modem Setup 9-14
N
New Project 3-4
New Window 4-31
Nicknames 6-6
Assign 6-6
Element 6-6
O
Options Dialog 4-21, 6-2
Documentaion 6-3
Documentation Editor 6-4
Global Options 4-23
Ladder Options 4-22
Output Element 2-20
Output Window 7-16
Override Bits 10-15
i-2
P
Pause Bits 10-14
PID View 7-12
PLC Modes 2-28
Power Flow 5-14
Primary Views 7-2
Product Key Code 2-4
Protocol and Node Address 2-25, 9-4
R
Rung comments 6-9
Rungs 5-21
Copying 5-23
Cut and Paste 5-25
Deleting 5-22
Merge 5-26
Selecting 5-21
S
Saving the Program 2-22
Software License Agreement 2-5
Split Screen 4-30
Stage comments 6-12
Start a New Project 2-14, 3-4
Ladder Palette 4-28, 5-8
Tip of the day 2-15
Startup Issues B-2
Status Bar Components 4-19
Supported Cables A-2
Supported Protocols A-4
System Requirements 2-2
T
Themes 4-10, 4-27
Toolbar Components 4-2
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Index
Custom Toolbar 4-17
Debug Toolbar 4-15
Edit Toolbar 4-8
File Toolbar 4-7
Help Toolbar 4-17
Offline Toolbar 4-2
Online Toolbar 4-5
PLC Diagnostics Toolbar 4-13
PLC Setup Toolbar 4-13
PLC Toolbar 4-12
Search Toolbar 4-9
Tools Toolbar 4-11
View Toolbar 4-10
Window Toolbar 4-16
Trap Monitor 10-25
Trend View 10-29
U
Usage Mode 7-10
USB-to-Serial Devices B-9
X
XRef Query 7-8
XRef Toolbar 7-9
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
i-3
Index
Notes:
i-4
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
PROTOCOLS
AND CABLE
DIAGRAMS
APPENDIX
A
In This Appendix
Cables and Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-2
Programming Cable Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-6
Appendix A: Cables and Protocals Diagrams
Cables and Protocols
DirectLOGIC CPUs provide many communication port possibilities.
It is helpful to know which programming cable and protocol to use.
A
2
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
1
11
2
13
4
A
B
C
D
DirectLOGIC PLC Programming Cable and Wiring Standard Reference
CPU
DL05
Port
Port 1
Port 2
D0-DCM
H0-ECOM(100)
Port 1
DL06
D2-230
D2-240
D2-250(-1)
D2-260
D3-330
D3-340
D3-350
A-2
Port 2
D0-DCM
H0-ECOM(100)
Port 1
Cable
D2-DSCBL
D2-DSCBL
D2-DSCBL
D2-DSCBL-1
D2-DSCBL
D2-DSCBL-1
D2-DSCBL
D2-DSCBL-1
D2-DSCBL
D2-DCM
D3-DSCBL-2
D2-DCM
D3-DSCBL-2
Port 1
Port 2
H2-ECOM(100)
Port 1
D2-DSCBL
D2-DSCBL
D2-DSCBL
Port 2
D2-DSCBL-1
D2-DCM
D3-DSCBL-2
H2-ECOM(100)
D3-232-DCU
Port 1
Port 2
Port 1
Port 2
D3-DCM
D3-DSCBL-2
D3-DSCBL-1
D3-DSCBL-1
D2-DSCBL
D3-DSCBL-2
D3-DSCBL-2
Standard
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
RS-422
RS-485
10/100 BASET
RS-232
RS-232
RS-422
RS-485
RS-232
RS-232
RS-422
RS-485
10/100 BASET
RS-232
RS-232
RS-422
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
RS-422
10/100 BASET
RS-232
RS-232
RS-422
RS-485
RS-232
RS-422
10/100 BASET
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
RS-422
RS-485
RS-232
RS-422
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Jack Style
RJ11 6P6C
RJ11 6P6C
RJ11 6P6C
HD15
RJ45 CAT 5E
RJ11 6P6C
HD15
RJ11 6P6C
HD15
RJ45 CAT 5E
RJ11 6P6C
DB-25
RJ11 6P6C
RJ11 6P6C
DB-25
RJ45 CAT 5E
RJ11 6P6C
HD15
DB-25
RJ45 CAT 5E
DB-25
RJ14 4P4C
RJ14 4P4C
RJ11 6P6C
DB-25
Appendix A: Cables and Protocals Diagrams
DirectLOGIC PLC Programming Cable and Wiring Standard Reference
CPU
D4-430
D4-440
D4-450
Port
Cable
Port 0
Port 1
D4-DSCBL
D3-DSCBL-2
H4-ECOM(100)
Port 0
Port 1
Port 2
Port 3
D4-DSCBL
D3-DSCBL-2
D2-DSCBL
D4-DCM
D4-DCM
H4-ECOM(100)
D3-DSCBL-2
D3-DSCBL-2
Standard
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
RS-422
10/100 BASET
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
RS-422
RS-232
RS-422
10/100 BASET
Jack Style
DB-15
A
DB-25
2
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
A
B
C
D
RJ45 CAT 5E
DB-15
DB-25
RJ11 6P6C
DB-25
RJ45 CAT 5E
Notes:
• To convert an RS-232 cable to USB, purchase part number USB-RS232.
• To connect to RS-485 with USB, purchase part number USB-485M.
• EA-MG-PGM-CBL is a USB alternative for the D2-DSCBL.
- Do not use EA-MG-PGM-CBL with SureStep stepper drives.
• For RS-232/RS-422 use cable part number L19772-100.
• For RS-485 use cable part number L19827-100.
• For Ethernet, Category 5E cable is recommended as a minimum.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
A-3
Appendix A: Cables and Protocals Diagrams
Cables and Protocols (cont’d)
A
2
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
1
11
2
13
4
A
B
C
D
DirectLOGIC PLC Protocols Supported
CPU
Port
Port 1
Port 2
DL05
D0-DCM
H0-ECOM(100)
Port 1
Port 2
DL06
D0-DCM
H0-ECOM(100)
Port 1
D2-230
D2-DCM
Port 1
Port 2
D2-240
D2-DCM
H2-ECOM(100)
Port 1
D2-250(-1)
D2-260
D3-330
D3-340
D3-350
A-4
Port 2
D2-DCM
H2-ECOM(100)
D3-232-DCU
Port 1
Port 2
Port 1
Port 2
D3-DCM
DirectNET K-Sequence MODBUS
ECOM
RTU
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
•
MODBUS
TCP
•
H0-ECOM100
•
H0-ECOM100
•
H2-ECOM100
•
H2-ECOM100
slave only
•
•
slave only
•
•
•
•
slave only
•
•
•
•
slave only
Appendix A: Cables and Protocals Diagrams
CPU
D4-430
D4-440
D4-450
DirectLOGIC PLC Protocols Supported
Port
Port 0
Port 1
D4-DCM
H4-ECOM(100
Port 0
Port 1
Port 2
Port 3
D4-DCM
H4-ECOM(100)
DirectNET K-Sequence MODBUS
ECOM
RTU
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
slave only
•
•
•
•
slave only
MODBUS
TCP
•
H4-ECOM100
•
H4-ECOM100
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
A
A-5
2
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
A
B
C
D
Appendix A: Cables and Protocals Diagrams
A
Programming Cable Diagrams
Pin labeling conforms to IBM DTE and DCE standards
2
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
1
11
2
13
4
A
B
C
D
A-6
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
COMMUNICATIONS
TROUBLESHOOTING
APPENDIX
B
In This Appendix
Communications Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-2
Editing the DSxxx.ini File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-10
Other Possible Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-15
Appendix B: Communications Troubleshooting
A
Communications Resources
B
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
1
11
2
13
4
A
B
C
D
If you are using an ECOM and have Windows XP on your PC with a
firewall (particularly with SP2), then you must do one of the
following:
1. Turn the firewall OFF
2. Create an exception for CSMAIN.EXE application (located in the BIN
folder under your DirectSOFT folder)
3. Create an exception for port #0x7070 (28784) for both TCP and UDP
protocols, which is the port number that all of our Ethernet devices use
for communication.
You can control which communications resources on your PC you
want to let DirectSOFT use by altering the DirectSOFT initialization
file (DS600.INI):
Startup
Using the resources enabled in the .INI file, DirectSOFT's
CommServer tries to find PLCs on startup. If it finds any, it creates
DirectSOFT links to them. If it finds none, it opens without creating
links. While using the communication resources on your PC during
startup, one of the following events/messages will occur:
• DirectSOFT comes up normally.
• "Error connecting to PLC!" or "No response from PLC!"
This means DirectSOFT found the resource on your PC OK, but it had
trouble connecting to the PLC.
- Check cabling or other physical devices outside of the PC.
- If you are using a DL105, they tend to be a bit more sensitive to
marginal cables and electrical noise. Try a new cable, especially if
you can use the same setup successfully when talking to other DL
PLCs (e.g. DL205).
- On a DL305 system make sure the power supply is capable of
supplying enough power for the DCU. If the PLC base is old, then
you may need to replace it in order to get communications to work
or try external power for the DCM.
- Microsoft ActiveSync could be using the COM port.
• "Error: cannot access comm port. The port may not be present or
another app may be using it"
This means DirectSOFT can't gain access to the COM port because
something else is using it.
- Check to see if anything else is using COM port, (Start --> Control
Panel --> Administrative Tools --> Services) for example:
B-2
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Appendix B: Communications Troubleshooting
i) RSLogix
ii) PDA Software (Palm Pilot, Pocket PC, etc.)
iii) GPS Software
A
iv) Digital Camera Software
B
vi) Microsoft ActiveSync
3
vii) Palm OS HotSync
D
viii) Harmony Services
- Sometimes if upgrading operating systems (e.g. Windows 2K to
5
Windows XP) the COM ports can become dysfunctional. You
may have to disable all COM ports in the BIOS and then
6
reinstall the upgrade and re-enable the ports in the BIOS.
- If using a USB-to-Serial converter or a USB Port Replicator, its
7
driver may not act like a regular COM port. (DirectSOFT
"thinks" it is talking to a regular COM port). If this is the case
there is no immediate fix. Host Engineering periodically updates 8
DirectSOFT attempting to compensate for these kinds of driver
9
problems.
- If using a USB-to-Serial converter, sometimes it is very
0
important that you load the driver first, before connecting the
device itself. In fact, in some cases if this is done in the wrong
1
order it takes special steps to fix the problem. See the website
of the manufacturer of your converter for details.
2
- Try disabling all resources in the .INI file.
• "Transport protocol error"
3
This means you are using Ethernet as a link and it timed out. This is
commonly due to one or more of the following issues:
4
- Bad cabling; check all cables to make sure they are OK (e.g.
Are they susceptible to noise due to bad shielding, etc?).
A
- Using wrong cable (crossover instead of straight-through or vice
versa). Make sure that the Link light is ON; this means that the
B
cable electrical connection is good.
- The cable is running through a very electrically noisy
C
environment.
- ECOM not seated properly. It should be flush with other cards or D
v) IR (infrared) Drivers
filler caps.
- If your PC has two or more NICs (Network Interface Cards),try
one of these options:
- Use the Pic a Nic feature to select the network card that the
PLC is connected to.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
B-3
Appendix B: Communications Troubleshooting
A
B
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
1
11
2
13
4
A
B
C
D
- Reprioritize your NICs by going to Advanced Settings. This is
different depending on which Windows OS you have:
If you have Windows XP:
(1) Start -->Control Panel.
(2) Double-click on the "Network Connections" icon.
(3) On the menu at the top, select Advanced -->
Advanced Settings...
If you have Windows Vista:
(1) Start --> Control Panel.
(2) Double-click on the "Network & Sharing Center"
icon.
(3) At the left of this window, click on "Manage network
connections."
(4) Press the <ALT> key to make a menu appear at the
top of this window.
(5) On the menu at the top, select Advanced -->
Advanced Settings...
If you have Windows 7/8:
(1) Start -->Control Panel (Windows 8; in Desktop View
move the cursor to the right hand side of the screen
then at the bottom select Control Panel.).
(2) Select "Network and Intranet" at the top.
(3) Double-click on the "Network & Sharing Center"
icon.
(4) Press the <ALT> key to make a menu appear at the
top of this window.
(5) On the menu at the top, select Advanced -->
Advanced Settings...
Once you have the Advanced Settings pulled up, then it is
the same for all Windows OSs:
(1) On the "Adapters and Bindings" tab, in the top
window, select the connection you are using.
(2) Use the green arrows at the right to move this
connection to the top of the list.
(3) Press <OK> and close Network Connections
window.
(4) You may have to reboot your PC.
B-4
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Appendix B: Communications Troubleshooting
- Uninstall or disable one NIC.
- Make sure that the NICs don't have common protocols
enabled (i.e. IPX and TCP/IP). In other words, you might
enable IPX on one NIC and TCP/IP on the other NIC, but not
on both simultaneously.
- There are multiple LAN connections in your Network
Connections. Disable all but the one you are planning on
using.
- There are "Bridged" LAN connections in your Network
Connections. Unbridge them by setting them simply to
"Disabled."
- There are WAN connections enabled. Disable them.
- Using an H0-ECOM/ECOM100 and the PLC firmware is not
up to date. Make sure it is.
- Using an H0-ECOM/ECOM100 and a D0-06LCD display but
it is not up to date. Make sure the LCD has a date code of
032A or later.
- Using an H2-ECOM/ECOM100 and you have it installed in
Slot 0 (the slot adjacent to the CPU). Install it in a different
slot.
- Using an H4-ECOM/ECOM100 and it has bent or retracted
pins on the ECOM and/or the CPU. Check for bent/retracted
pins.
- The ECOM, CPU or the backplane is bad.
- Extremely busy network traffic. Isolate the network.
- Busy network or PLC sluggishness. Under the Link's
Advanced Settings (Link Editor, Port Tab), try increasing the
Timeout and Retry values (e.g. Try going to a DOS command
prompt window and using the "ping" command to ping the
ECOM's IP address. If Ping works, note the response times.
In the link's Advanced Settings (Link Editor, Port Tab),
increase the Timeout value to at least 2 or 3 times the
response value.).
• "PLC is not in terminal mode!..."
The mode switch on the PLC is in the RUN or STOP position. Switch it
to the TERM position.
• "Unable to open Online Program"
A
B
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
A
B
C
D
The mode switch on the PLC is in the RUN or STOP position. Switch it
to the TERM position.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
B-5
Appendix B: Communications Troubleshooting
• "CSMAIN.EXE error" or DirectSOFT locks up or mouse hangs up.
A
B
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
1
11
2
13
4
A
B
C
D
This means that DirectSOFT's CommServer has accessed a resource
on your PC that has a conflict or doesn't exist.
- First try upgrading to at least DirectSOFT v4.0 Build 22. We
believe we have fixed the last of these types of failures in this
build (If you have v3.0 there are some improvements in Build 80,
however, it could still have some problems since we have stopped
development on v3.0).
- If you have DSData simultaneously using the same link as
DirectSOFT then instead, make separate links (i.e. one link for
DSData and one link for DirectSOFT).
- Try disabling all resources in the .INI file.
- Make sure TCP/IP protocol is loaded.
- If using v4.0 Build 16 or earlier, or v3.0 Build 71 or earlier, you
may need to:
(1) Upgrade to later version;
(2) Make sure IPX protocol is loaded (see DirectSOFT
FAQ0183 for installing protocols) for the NIC you are using.
- Microsoft ActiveSync could be using the COM port.
• "Error opening connection to Ethernet device"
This is usually caused by having two or more NIC (Network Interface
Cards), try one of these options:
- Reprioritize your NICs by going to Advanced Settings. This is
different depending on which Windows OS you have:
If you have Windows XP:
(1) Start -->Control Panel.
(2) Double-click on the "Network Connections" icon.
(3) On the menu at the top, select Advanced -->
Advanced Settings...
If you have Windows Vista:
(1) Start --> Control Panel.
(2) Double-click on the "Network & Sharing Center"
icon.
(3) At the left of this window, click on "Manage network
connections."
(4) Press the <ALT> key to make a menu appear at the
top of this window.
(5) On the menu at the top, select Advanced -->
Advanced Settings...
B-6
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Appendix B: Communications Troubleshooting
If you have Windows 7/8:
(1) Start -->Control Panel (Windows 8; in Desktop
View move the cursor to the right hand side of the
screen then at the bottom select Control Panel.).
(2) Select "Network and Intranet" at the top.
(3) Double-click on the "Network & Sharing Center"
icon.
(4) Press the <ALT> key to make a menu appear at
the top of this window.
(5) On the menu at the top, select Advanced -->
Advanced Settings...
Once you have the Advanced Settings pulled up, then it
is the same for all Windows OSs:
(1) On the "Adapters and Bindings" tab, in the top
window, select the connection you are using.
(2) Use the green arrows at the right to move this
connection to the top of the list.
(3) Press <OK> and close Network Connections
window.
(4) You may have to reboot your PC.
- Uninstall or disable one NIC.
- Make sure that the NICs don't have common protocols enabled
(i.e. IPX and TCP/IP). In other words, you might enable IPX on
one NIC and TCP/IP on the other NIC, but not on both
simultaneously.
• "Comm error reading program from PLC"
The mode switch on the PLC is in the RUN or STOP position. Switch it
to the TERM position.
- This error means that DirectSOFT received an incorrect
response from the PLC, so the physical connection is probably
OK; however, it is possible that the port of the PLC itself is
defective.
- If you are using a USB-to-Serial converter it could be there is an
incompatibility between your PC and the converter. (e.g. we
know of an incompatibility between the Belkin F5U409-CU
converter and the Toshiba 5005 laptop).
A
B
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
A
B
C
D
- Make sure you are not running two copies of DirectSOFT
simultaneously (like v3.0 and v4.0). Also, along these lines, if you
do install two versions, this is OK as long as they are in different
folders and are not run at the same time.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
B-7
Appendix B: Communications Troubleshooting
A
B
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
1
11
2
13
4
A
B
C
D
- We have found that RSLogix (Allen-Bradley) software interferes
with the PC's communcations over serial ports (e.g. COM1). So if
doing a serial link and you get this error, it could be due to this
software. Make sure that this software is not running in the
background, or that it does not run in the Terminate Stay Ready
(TSR) fashion.
- Increase the link's Retries and Timeout values; especially if using
a modem link.
- If using a modem link, make sure that both the Compression and
Error Correction are turned OFF.
• "Knowledge base mismatch"
Message means the CPU picked for the link is not supported in the
installed version of DirectSOFT.
• "Error attempting to access unlocked device"
This is caused when trying to reconnect to a PLC after DirectSOFT
disconnected from it improperly. Solution is normally to either try again,
or power cycle the PLC.
- To prevent this from happening in the future, either:
- Use the PLC -->Disconnect from DirectSOFT before unplugging
the cable to the PLC.
- Close DirectSOFT before unplugging the cable to the PLC
• Goes offline by itself after using the link.
We have found the only remedy for this strange behavior is to uninstall
DirectSOFT and then reinstall it.
• Get a PLC password prompt; but the PLC doesn't have a password.
This is caused by data errors in the communication. The problem is
electrical noise either due to an excessively noisy environment, or a bad
cable (e.g. shielding going bad).
• "Comm error unlocking PLC"
The first thing DirectSOFT tries to do when connecting is to unlock the
PLC. This is to see if the PLC sends back a warning that there is a
password. If you get this message instead of a password prompt, it
means that something went amiss when DirectSOFT attempted to
unlock. The PLC sent back an invalid response or didn't send a reply at
all. For solutions try the things listed under "Transport protocol error"
above.
• “Support for the PLC type specified in the link is not installed”
This is usually caused by one of the following:
- Unknown PLC specified in the link, therefore check if the CPU
specified in the link matches your hardware.
B-8
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Appendix B: Communications Troubleshooting
- PLC is not supported with the version of DirectSOFT you are
using.
- DirectSOFT cannot find the knowledge base DLL. This is
usually an installation problem. You may need to uninstall and
reinstall DirectSOFT making sure you are the Administrator of
your PC.
A
B
- PLC responding to link is sending an invalid identifier. This may
3
be a PLC problem. You might try power cycling the PLC.
D
• "Error reading PLC ID"
This means the link can talk to the PLC port, but it cannot actually get
5
the PLC ID (i.e. it's connected properly but the specific transaction to
read the PLC ID fails).
6
- H4-ECOM/ECOM100s or DCMs have bent pins on either the
module itself or on the PLC's backplane for that slot.
7
- Communication is attempted using DirectNET (or ECOM)
protocol instead of K-sequence (this will be repaired in
8
DirectSOFT v6.0)
• "Operation not supported"
9
This means DirectSOFT gave a command that the PLC did not
recognize, or the checksum of the transmission was incorrect. Possible 0
solutions are as follows:
- Check physical connection (COM port, cable, USB-to-serial
1
driver, etc.)
- Slow baudrate down. If this works, this is an indication of
2
possible noise interference.
3
- Attempt to clear scratchpad memory in the PLC and power
cycle.
4
- A means of troubleshooting would be to use the Dump = 1
feature. See the following, under DUMP heading.
A
USB-TO-SERIAL Devices
B
These devices have drivers with them that should make them act
C
like regular COM ports. However there have been a few vendors
that don't do this with their drivers. DirectSOFT "thinks" it is talking
D
to a COM port, Ethernet NIC or modem.
The order of installation, however, seems to be important:
(1) Install USB device driver first.
(2) Connect the USB device secondly.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
B-9
Appendix B: Communications Troubleshooting
DUMP ( used to troubleshoot SERIAL and MODEM links)
A
When you can't figure out why things won't work right, you can use
this debug function with a little help from Automation Direct, or Host
Engineering. This parameter is in the .INI file.
- To edit the DUMP parameter in the .INI file, see the section on
editing DSxxx.ini.
B
3
After making the needed .INI file change you should start the debug
D
window logger:
5
(1) Start --> Programs --> AutomationDirect Tools --> DBWin32
Logger
6
(2) Start DirectSOFT. DirectSOFT will ask you if you want to
enable the debug mode. Answer <YES>.
7
(3) Now DirectSOFT will dump information into the open debug
window. Save this data into a text file and send to Automation
8
Direct or Host Engineering.
9
1 Editing the DSxxx.ini file
PICK THE GROUP OF INSTRUCTIONS BELOW THAT BEST
APPLIES TO YOUR PC.
11
If you have Windows Vista, skip to the heading Windows Vista
2
below. If not, read the information under the heading “Windows XP
and Windows 7/8.”
13
4 Windows XP and Windows 7/8
• If you have DirectSOFT v3, then the .INI file must be searched for
A
and manually edited. The easiest way to do this is:
(1) Close DirectSOFT and DSLaunch.
B
(2) Use the Windows Start button: Start -->Run…
(3)
Type in ds300.ini and press OK. This will open the file in
C
NotePad text editor.
(4) Make the edits; save the file and exit.
D
(5) Restart DSLaunch (or DirectSOFT).
• If you have DirectSOFT v4, v5 or v6, then the easiest way to edit
this file is:
(1) Close DirectSOFT.
(2) Start DSLaunch.
B-10
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Appendix B: Communications Troubleshooting
(3) In the left column under Utilities, double-click DS400.ini (or
DS500.ini, or DS600.ini). This will open the file in NotePad
text editor.
(4) Make the edits; save the file and exit.
A
(5) Restart DSLaunch (or DirectSOFT).
B
• Another option to try if the steps above do not work:
3
(1) Close DirectSOFT.
(2) Click Start button.
D
(3) In the Search programs and files box, type in DS400.ini (or
DS500.ini, or DS600.ini).
5
(4) Click on the search result and edit that file; save the file and
6
exit.
(5) Restart DSLaunch (or DirectSOFT).
7
Windows Vista
8
Windows Vista has some extra protection features, so the above
9
procedures may not work depending on its settings. Windows
Vista has a feature called UAC (User Access Control) that is, by
0
default, turned on. However, it is possible to turn this feature off,
and this dramatically affects the editing of the .INI file.
1
To modify the UAC setting:
(1) Use the Windows Start button: Start -->Control Panel.
2
(2) Click on User Accounts.
3
(3) Click on Turn UAC ON/OFF. This will tell you if this feature is
ON or OFF. Depending on this setting go to the proper section
4
below (UAC=ON or UAC=OFF).
UAC = ON
A
With UAC=ON, the security measures of Windows Vista create a
B
virtual store copy of your .INI file and redirect DirectSOFT to use
this copy instead of the one that is normally stored in the
C
C:\Windows folder.
• If you have DirectSOFT v3, v4, v5.0 or v5.1 then you will have to
D
find this file manually and edit it:
(1) Close DirectSOFT and DSLaunch.
(2) Use Windows Explorer to browse to:
c:\Users\<username>\AppData\Local\VirtualStore\Windows\
(3) Find the DS300 (or DS400, or DS500, or DS600.INI) file and
open it with NotePad.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
B-11
Appendix B: Communications Troubleshooting
(4) Make your edits; save the file and exit.
(5) Restart DSLaunch (or DirectSOFT).
• If you have DirectSOFT v5.2, v5.3 or v6:
A
B
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
1
11
2
13
4
A
B
C
D
(1) Close DirectSOFT.
(2) Start DSLaunch.
(3) In the left column under Utilities, double-click DS500.ini (or
DS600.ini). This will open the correct file in NotePad text editor.
(4) Make your edits; save the file and exit.
(5) Restart DSLaunch (or DirectSOFT).
UAC = OFF
Regardless of the version of DirectSOFT, this procedure has to be
used:
(1) Close DirectSOFT and DSLaunch.
(2) Use the Windows Start button: Start -->Run…
(3) Type in ds300.ini (or ds400.ini, or ds500.ini, or ds600.ini) and
press OK. This will open the file in NotePad text editor.
(4) Make your edits; save the file and exit.
(5) Restart DSLaunch (or DirectSOFT).
Other Editable Parameters
The following parameters can be added (or adjusted) in the
DS600.INI (DS300.INI / DS400.INI / DS500.INI) file.
• COMxEnable: Enable, disable, add or delete serial COM port
resources for links.
• ModemEnable: Enable or disable serial modem resource.
• EthernetEnable: Enable or disable Ethernet resources for links.
• Autosense: Enable or disable the autosensing of links on startup.
(Once links have been created, they are validated each time you
start DSLaunch).
• Dump: Causes link to output serial connection debug information
to a file for troubleshooting links. This feature is used in
conjunction with DBWin32 logger.
• PROGRAM COLORS: Modify default program colors. The
parameter numbers and colors are not defined in a user-friendly
manner. Therefore this should only be used to fix a problem.
• UDPPortNumEnable: Enable or disable UDP port numbering
parameter for links.
B-12
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Appendix B: Communications Troubleshooting
• PROJECT PATH: Modify default project path.
• LadderPalette: Enable or disable ladder logic palette.
• UseLargeBtns: Modify toolbar button size.
A
• BACKUP PATH: Modify default backup project path.
• RTSxDelay: Modify serial RTS timing control.
• OnTheWeb: Enable, disable the DSLaunch's "DirectSOFT on
the Web" feature.
• INFLOOPTIMEOUT: Set DirectSOFT's internal loop timeout
value as a protection against infinite loops that can cause
crashes. This number is the maximum number of loops allowed
to do an internal operation in DirectSOFT. Under normal
conditions, this number will never be reached. But in cases
where there could be very large databases, this number may
need to be increased to allow DirectSOFT more loops to
complete a certain operation.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
B
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
A
B
C
D
B-13
Appendix B: Communications Troubleshooting
A
B
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
1
11
2
13
4
A
B
C
D
Parameter
Name
COMxEnable
Heading in
File
Syntax
[devasync.dll] COMxEnable=y
ModemEnable [devasync.dll] ModemEnable=x
EthernetEnable [devether.dll] EthernetEnable=x
Autosense
[Comm
Server]
PROGRAM
COLORS1
[PROGRAM x=y
COLORS]
Dump
UDPPortNum
Enable2
PROJECT
PATH
Autosense=x
[devasync.dll] Dump=x
[devether.dll] UDPPortNum
Enable=x
[PATHS]
PROJECT
PATH=x
Notes
Example
x = COM port number
y = 0 (to disable)
1 (to enable)
COM5Enable=1
x = 0 (to disable)
1 (to enable)
EthernetEnable=1
x = 0 (to disable)
1 (to enable)
x = 0 (to disable)
1 (to enable)
x = 0 (to disable)
1 (to enable)
x = parameter number
y = color number
x = 0 (to disable)
1 (to enable)
x = <folder path>
ModemEnable=1
Autosense=0
Dump=1
9=16711680
UDPPortNumEnable
=1
PROJECT
PATH=c:\MyProjects
x = 0 (to turn off)
LadderPalette=1
1 (to turn on)
x = 0 (use small buttons)
UseLargeBtns=x
UseLargeBtns=1
UseLargeBtns4 [SETUP]
1 (use large buttons)
BACKUP
BACKUP
BACKUP PATH [PATHS]
x = <folder path>
PATH=x
PATH=c:\MyBackups
x = On (for on-delay)
RTSxDelay
[devasync.dll] RTSxDelay=y
RTSOnDelay=5
Off (for off-delay)
y = <milliseconds>
x = 0 (to disable)
OnTheWeb
[DSLaunch] OnTheWeb=x
OnTheWeb=1
x = 1 (to enable)
INFLOOPTIME [SETUP]
INFLOOPTIME x = 1 to 4294967296
INFLOOPTIMEOUT
=65536
OUT5
OUT=x
LadderPalette3 [SETUP]
LadderPalette=x
Notes:
1 - Only use this to fix a problem. The parameter and color numbers are not defined
in a user-friendly manner.
2 - Became available with DirectSOFT v3.0c Build 54 (01-Sep-2000).
3 - Became available with DirectSOFT v4.0 Build 18 (09-Dec-2002).
4 - Only available in DirectSOFT v4.0. Not available in DirectSOFT v5.0.
5 - Only modify this if you have received the "Infinite Loop Timeout" message. This
parameter became available with DirectSOFT v4.0 Build 20 (27-Jun-2003).
B-14
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
Appendix B: Communications Troubleshooting
Other Possible Issues
How to Change USB-Serial Port Assignment
A
1. Close DSLaunch and DirectSOFT.
2. Use Windows Start button: Start > Control Panel > System >
Hardware > Device Manager (WinXP or earlier). Or Start > Control
Panel > Device Manager (WinVista/Win7). Depending on your version
and setup of Windows, these paths might be more or less direct than
listed. You can also type in Device Manager in the Windows Help and
get specific directions.
3. Go to Ports, expand the section and locate your USB converter. It
must be here, with no yellow warnings, and must have a COM port
assigned (e.g. COM5 or similar).
4. Right-click on the adapter, select Properties.
5. Select the Port Settings tab.
6. Click the <Advanced> button.
7. There will be a field in the lower left that shows the COM port
assignment. Click the right edge of that field, and all the COM ports
will show up.
8. Select COM1 or COM2 (as long as they do not show “In Use”)
9. Click <OK> on all the windows that opened up. Your USB adapter
should now show the COM port you have selected.
10. Close Device Manager and Control Panel.
11. Start DSLaunch/DirectSOFT. They might auto-detect your PLC and
create a link for you. If not, then follow the normal procedure to
create a link and select whichever COM port you selected for your
adapter.
“PORT UNAVAILABLE OR IN USE”
This message is typically caused by the Allen-Bradley software
RSLinx controlling the COM ports. You must turn it off with Task
Manager. Allen-Bradley Harmony can also cause this. Siemens
software can cause this as well. In much rarer instances, docking
stations or IR transfer adapters can also cause problems.
Laptop AC Adapter Issue
If you are having problems connecting to a PLC with a laptop, and
you are using a serial connection or USB-to-Serial converter, try
closing DSLaunch/DirectSOFT, removing the AC adapter so you
are running just from battery. Then re-open DirectSOFT and try to
connect again.
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
B
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
A
B
C
D
B-15
Appendix B: Communications Troubleshooting
A
NOTE: Exhaustive FAQ’s for DirectSOFT as well as other HOST
Engineering products can be found at: http://hosteng.com/
B
3
D
5
6
7
8
9
1
11
2
13
4
A
B
C
D
B-16
DirectSOFT 6 User Manual, 1st Edition
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