User manual - USconverters
GW-7472
EtherNet/IP to Modbus RTU/TCP Gateway
User Manual
Warranty
All products manufactured by ICP DAS are under warranty regarding defective
materials for a period of one year, starting from the date of delivery to the original
purchaser.
Warning
ICP DAS assumes no liability for damages resulting from the use of this product.
ICP DAS reserves the right to change this manual at any time without notice. The
information published by ICP DAS is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed by ICP DAS for its use, not for any
infringements of patents or other rights of third parties resulting from its use.
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by ICP DAS Co., Ltd. All rights are reserved.
Trademark
The names used for identification only may be registered trademarks of their
respective companies.
GW-7472 User Manual, Version 2.1, March 2013
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Table of Contents
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3..
4
4..
2.1
Specifications .................................................................................................................................................. 10
2.2
Features .............................................................................................................................................................. 11
2.3
GW-7472 Front View ................................................................................................................................... 13
2.4
Dimensions ........................................................................................................................................................ 15
2.5
Pin Assignment ............................................................................................................................................... 16
2.6
Wiring Note ....................................................................................................................................................... 17
2.6.1
RS-422 Wire Connections................................................................................................................. 17
2.6.2
RS-485 Wire Connections................................................................................................................. 17
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3.1
Install the GW-7472 Utility....................................................................................................................... 18
3.2
Setting up the GW-7472 module ........................................................................................................... 21
3.3
Testing the GW-7472 module .................................................................................................................. 24
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4.1
Network Scan .................................................................................................................................................... 26
4.2
Module Configuration ................................................................................................................................... 27
4.2.1 Network Settings ............................................................................................. 29
4.2.1 Modbus RTU Serial Port Settings ...................................................................... 31
4.2.2 Modbus TCP Server IP Setting ......................................................................... 32
4.2.3 Setting File Management ................................................................................. 33
4.2.4 Byte Order Setting ........................................................................................... 33
4.2.5 Modbus Request Settings ................................................................................. 34
4.2.6 Electronic Data Sheet ....................................................................................... 36
4.3
Module Diagnostic .......................................................................................................................................... 37
4.3.1
UCMM/Forward Open Class 3 Behavior ................................................................................... 38
4.3.2
Forward Open Class 1 Behavior ................................................................................................... 39
4.3.3
Modbus TCP Servers Status ............................................................................................................ 40
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4.4
5
5..
6
6..
Firmware Update ............................................................................................................................................ 41
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5.1
Object Model .................................................................................................................................................... 43
5.2
Explicit Message............................................................................................................................................. 45
5.4
Implicit Message............................................................................................................................................ 45
5.5
UCMM .................................................................................................................................................................... 45
5.6
Assembly Object ............................................................................................................................................ 45
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1. Device Object Model .............................................................................................................................................. 48
2. Identity Object (01hex)......................................................................................................................................... 49
3. Message Router Object (02hex) ....................................................................................................................... 50
4. Assembly Object (04hex) ..................................................................................................................................... 51
5. Connection Manager Object (06hex) ............................................................................................................. 54
6. TCP/IP Interface Object (F5hex) .................................................................................................................... 55
7. Ethernet Link Object (F6hex) ............................................................................................................................. 57
8. CIP General Status Code .................................................................................................................................... 58
9. Connection Manager Service Request Error Codes ............................................................................. 59
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1. ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) ............................................................................................................. 61
2. Clients and Servers ................................................................................................................................................ 61
3. Ethernet ........................................................................................................................................................................ 62
4. Firmware ...................................................................................................................................................................... 62
5. Gateway ........................................................................................................................................................................ 62
6. ICMP (Internet Control Messages Protocol)........................................................................................... 62
7. Internet ........................................................................................................................................................................ 62
8. IP (Internet Protocol) address ....................................................................................................................... 62
9. MAC (Media Access Control) address.......................................................................................................... 63
10.
Packet .................................................................................................................................................................... 63
11.
Ping ......................................................................................................................................................................... 63
12.
RARP (Reverse Address Resolution Protocol) ............................................................................... 63
13.
Socket .................................................................................................................................................................... 63
14.
Subnet Mask ...................................................................................................................................................... 64
15.
TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) ................................................................................................. 64
16.
TCP/IP................................................................................................................................................................... 64
17.
UDP (User Datagram Protocol) .............................................................................................................. 64
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1. Why does the GW-7472 series module fail on a (public) Internet connection? ............... 65
Patch Note
Patch
Version
V2.0
V2.1
Note
Date
Executor
1、 Support Modbus TCP Protocol
2、 Support Byte swap
3、 Run mode set up
4、 Utility 2.0 can only support FW 2.0 or later
version.
2012/3/9
RD7 Clark Tsai
1、 Support FC5 and FC6
2013/3/27
RD7 Alex Chen
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Packing List
The shipping package includes the following items:
One GW-7472 series hardware module
One printed Quick Start Guide
One software utility CD
Quick start
Note!!
If any of these items is missed or damaged, contact the local distributor for more
information. Save the shipping materials and cartons in case you want to ship in the
future.
More Information
Documentations
Fieldbus_CD:\EtherNetIP\Gateway\GW-7472\Document
Firmware
Fieldbus_CD:\EtherNetIP\Gateway\GW-7472\Firmware
Utility
Fieldbus_CD:\EtherNetIP\Gateway\GW-7472\Utility
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1. Introduction
The GW-7472 (EtherNet/IP adapter to Modbus RTU and Modbus TCP Master Gateway)
is helpful for data-exchanging between the Modbus RTU along with Modbus TCP network and
the EtherNet/IP network. The words “Modbus” described later are referring to Modbus RTU
and Modbus TCP both, the words “Modbus slave” are also referring to Modbus RTU slave and
Modbus TCP server both if there is not extra explanation. It reads the register data from the
Modbus RTU/TCP slaves (server) and publishes these data to the input register data of the
EtherNet/IP scanner. The output data transmitted by the EtherNet/IP scanner are updated to the
register data of Modbus slaves via the GW-7472. Through the GW-7472, all of the Modbus
slaves can be regard as one EtherNet/IP adapter. The GW-7472 allows maximum 6
connections for the Explicit Messages and 1 connection for the Implicit Messages at the same
time. It means that 7 EtherNet/IP scanners can connect to one GW-7472 at the same time.
Otherwise, the GW-7472 also allows maximum 10 Modbus TCP servers to communicate with it.
The Modbus master functions of the GW-7472 can scan up to 30 Modbus RTU
commands and 80 Modbus TCP commands (8 for each Modbus TCP slave). After configuring
the Modbus master behavior of the GW-7472 and the mapping status between the Modbus
registers and EtherNet/IP registers by using the GW-7472 Utility tool, the input/output registers
of the Modbus slaves are mapping to the output/input registers of the EtherNet/IP adapter.
While booting up, the GW-7472 scans the pre-defined register addresses in all of the Modbus
slaves according to the sequence defined in the utility tool. The input and output register data of
the Modbus devices are updated as soon as the GW-7472 could.
In order to save the installation space, the GW-7472 is offered in an amazing tiny formfactor that makes it easy to install in anywhere, even directly attached to a serial device or
embedded into a machine. The GW-7472 features a powerful 32-bit MCU to handle efficient
network traffic and it provides the IEEE 802.3af-compliant (classification, Class 1) Power over
Ethernet (PoE) with a standard category 5 Ethernet cable. Through the NS-205PSE, Poe switch,
the GW-7472 can be powered via the Ethernet cable. When there is no PoE switch on site, the
GW-7472 provide another way to be powered from DC adapters. These two power interfaces
are redundant. If one fails, another will take it over to supply the proper power to the GW-7472.
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The following figure briefs the concept of the data exchange between the EtherNet/IP
and the Modbus network. In this system, there are two Modbus RTU slaves along with two
Modbus TCP servers connected to the Modbus master(client) provided by the GW-7472. The
EtherNet/IP adapter interface of the GW-7472 is connected to an EtherNet/IP scanner through
an Ethernet switch. Register data of the three Modbus slaves is presented to the EtherNet/IP
scanner as the I/O data.
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The following figure illustrates how to deploy the register data of the Modbus devices in
the previous example to the EtherNet/IP scanner. Assume that there are 3, 2, 2, and 4 input
registers data in the Modbus slaves No.1, No.2, No.3 and No.4 respectively. The data format of
the register in the Modbus slave No.1, and No.3 is WORD, and that in the Modbus slave No.2,
and No.4 is BYTE. All of these input registers are mapping to the corresponding input registers
of the EtherNet/IP adapter of the GW-7472 sequentially by using the BYTE format.
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The output register data of the Modbus slaves are mapping in exactly the same way. The
Modbus slave output registers are mapping as the output registers of the EtherNet/IP adapter of
the GW-7472. Users can set the maximum 500 bytes for input data and 500 bytes for output
data which are mapping to the EtherNet/IP adapter of the GW-7472. All of these configurations
are defined by using the GW-7472 Utility tool. While the GW-7472 gets the EtherNet/IP
commands from the EtherNet/IP scanner, it collects the input register data from Modbus slaves
and updates the output register data to the Modbus slaves as soon as possible.
We have confirmed that GW-7472 can operate normally with Allen-Bradley
“ControlLogix Logix 5563” through “1756-ENBT ControlLogix EtherNet/IP Module” setup
by “RSLogix 5000 software”.
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Hardware Information
2.1
Specifications
Model
GW-7472
System
CPU
32-bit MCU
Communication Interface
10/100 Base-TX, 8-pin RJ-45 x 1,
(Auto-negotiating, Auto-MDI/MDIX, LED indicator)
Ethernet
PoE (IEEE 802.3af, Class 1)
2-wire RS-485 / 4-wire RS-422
COM1
Self-Tuner
Yes, automatic RS-485 direction control
UART
16c550 or compatible
COM Port Format
Baud Rate
Data Bit
1200 to 115200 bps.
7, 8
Parity
None, Odd, Even
Stop Bit
1, 2
General
Power Input
PoE: IEEE 802.3af, Class 1
DC jack: +12 ~ 48 VDC
Power Consumption
0.05 A @ 24 VDC
Connector
10-Pin Removable Terminal Block x 1
Mounting
DIN-Rail
Flammability
Fire Retardant Materials (UL94-V0 Level)
Operating Temperature
-25° ~ 75°C
Storage Temperature
-30° ~ 80°C
Humidity
10 ~ 90% RH, non-condensing
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2.2
Features
General Features:
Powerful 32-bit MCU handles efficient network traffic
10/100 Base-TX Ethernet, RJ-45 x1
(Auto-negotiating, auto MDI/MDIX, LED Indicators)
Redundant power inputs: PoE (IEEE 802.3af, Class 1) and DC jack
Automatically RS-485 direction control
Support ARP,TCP, UDP, ICMP, DHCP, BOOTP and TFTP protocols
Easy firmware update via Ethernet
Removable terminal block connector
Tiny form-factor and low power consumption
RoHS compliant with Halogen-free
Fire retardant materials (UL94-V0 Level)
EtherNet/IP Features:
Ethernet Protocol: EtherNet/IP adapter
Maximum number of connections for Explicit Messages: 6
Maximum number of connections for Implicit Messages: 1
Supported I/O connection methods:

Transport and trigger: Exclusive-Owner, Cyclic

Originator to Target Type: POINT2POINT

Target to Originator Type: POINT2POINT, MULTICAST
Device Configuration Option: EDS, Utility tool
Address Configuration: DHCP, Utility tool
EtherNet/IP Input/Output command data size: maximum 500 bytes
The numbers of the Modbus slave input registers mapping to the input registers of the
EtherNet/IP adapter of the GW-7472: maximum 500 bytes
The numbers of the Modbus slave output registers mapping to the output registers of the
EtherNet/IP adapter of the GW-7472: maximum 500 bytes
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Modbus Features:
Modbus Protocol: Modbus RTU Master and Modbus TCP Client
Maximum support 30 Modbus RTU commands
Maximum support 10 Modbus TCP servers
Maximum support 8 Modbus RTU commands for each one Modbus TCP server
Supported Modbus Function Codes:

01 hex: Read Output Status

02 hex: Read Input Status

03 hex: Read Multiple Data Registers

04 hex: Read Input Registers

05 hex: Write Single Coil

06hex: Write Single Register

0F hex: Write Multiple Bits

10 hex: Write Multiple Data Register
Maximum data size of one Modbus command: 240 bytes
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2.3
GW-7472 Front View
Serial COM Ports
S1: System LED
indicator
Robust insulated and
fire retardant case
Operating Mode
Selector
PoE and Ethernet
RJ-45 Jack
+12~+48 VDC Jack
1. PoE and Ethernet RJ-45 Jack:
The GW-7472 is equipped with a RJ-45 jack for the 10/100 Base-TX Ethernet port and
features networking capability. When the Ethernet link is detected and Ethernet packet is
received, the Link/Act LED (Orange) indicator will be turned on. When the power is
supplied via PoE (Power-over-Ethernet), the PoE LED (Green) indicator will be turned on.
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2.
+12~+48 VDC Jack:
The GW-7472 is equipped with a +12~+48 VDC jack for the power supply. When there is
no PoE switch on site, the GW-7472 accepts the power from the DC adapter. Please
refer to the following web site for more details.
http://www.icpdas.com/products/Accessories/power_supply/fra05-s12-su.htm
3. S1: System LED indicator:
After power on the GW-7472, the system LED indicator is as follows:
Function
System LED Action
Running Firmware
Flashing per second
Hardware checking error
Flashing per 0.3 seconds
Hardware error
blank
4. Operating Mode Selector:
Init Mode: Configuration mode
Run Mode: Firmware running mode
Generally, the switch is always in the Run position while the GW-7472 works. Only when
updating the GW-7472, the switch needs to be set to the Init position. Move the switch to
the Run position and then re-power on the GW-7472 after the update is completed.
Mode Firmware
Running
Init
No
Run
Yes
Flash Protection
Firmware Update
Configuration
No
Yes
Yes
No
Allowed
Allowed
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2.4
Dimensions
GW-7472 dimensions:
Unit: mm
Front View
Back View
Top View
Left Side View
Right Side View
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Bottom View
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2.5
Pin Assignment
1-Port 2-Wire RS-485/ 4-Wire RS-422 Module
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2.6
Wiring Note
2.6.1
RS-422 Wire Connections
2.6.2
RS-485 Wire Connections
Note!!
For non-isolated RS-422/485 ports, you should connect all signal grounds of RS-422/485
devices together. This reduces common-mode voltage between devices.
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2. Setup and Test the GW-7472 module
3.1 Install the GW-7472 Utility
Step 1: Get the GW-7472 Utility
The software is located at:
Fieldbus_CD:\EtherNetIP\Gateway\GW-7472\Utility
http://ftp.icpdas.com/pub/cd/fieldbus_cd/ethernetip/gateway/gw-7472/utility/
Step 2: Install .NET Framework 4 component
The GW-7472 Utility tool requires the Windows Installer 3.1 and the .NET Framework 4
components. These components can be obtained from the web site.
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Step 3: Install Utility tool
After installing the .Net Framework components, please run the GW-7472 Utility setup file.
1.
Click the “Next” button to continue.
2.
Select the installation path of the GW-7472 Utility and click the “Next” button.
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3.
Confirm the installation. Click the “Next” button to start the installation
4.
Installation complete. Click the “Close” button to exit
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3.2 Setting up the GW-7472 module
Step 1: Connect the power and host PC
1.
Make sure your PC is under the workable network configuration and environment.
2.
First, disable or correctly configure the firewall of the Windows system and any antivirus software. Or, the “Configure” function of the GW-7472 Utility may not work.
(Contact your system administrator for more details about how to do this.)
3.
Check Init/Run switch is on Init position.
4.
In Init mode, the GW-7472 is forced to the network configuration as following table.
Connect the GW-7472 with your computer at the same sub network or by using the
same Ethernet switch. Then power the GW-7472 on. Afterwards, you can use the
command “ping 192.168.255.1” in the Command Prompt window to test if the
connection between the GW-7472 and your computer is OK.
Item
Settings (Init Mode)
IP
192.168.255.1
Gateway
192.168.0.1
Mask
255.255.0.0
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5.
Make sure the System LED indicator is flashing.
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Step 2: Search and configure the GW-7472
1.
Double click the GW-7472 Utility shortcut on the desktop.
2.
Click the “Network Scan” button to search your GW-7472.
3.
Select the item of the GW-7472 and click the “Configure” button to open the
configuration dialog.
4.
After setting all the parameter of the GW-7472, click the “Update Settings” button to
save the configuration. After click the “Update Settings” button, the GW-7472 will
reboot to complete the configuration.
Please refer to the section “4.2 Module Configuration” for details
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3.3 Testing the GW-7472 module
Step 1: Connect the power and host PC
1.
Make sure your PC is under the workable network configuration and environment.
2.
First, disable or correctly configure the firewall of the Windows system and any antivirus software. Or, the “Diagnostic” function of the GW-7472 Utility may not work.
(Contact your system administrator for more details about how to do this.)
3.
Check Init/Run switch is on Run position.
4.
Connect the GW-7472 with your computer at the same sub network or by using the
same Ethernet switch. Then power the GW-7472 on. Afterwards, you can use the
command “ping” in the Command Prompt window to test if the connection between the
GW-7472 and your computer is OK.
5.
Make sure the System LED indicator is flashing.
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Step 2: Search and test the GW-7472
1.
Double click the GW-7472 Utility shortcut on the desktop.
2.
Click the “Network Scan” button to search your GW-7472.
3.
Select the item of the GW-7472 and click the “Diagnostic” button to open the
diagnostic dialog.
Please refer to the section “4.3 Module Diagnostic” for details
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3. GW-7472 Utility Functionalities
4.1 Network Scan
1.
Double click the GW-7472 Utility shortcut on the desktop.
2.
Click the “Network Scan” button to search your GW-7472. Afterwards, you can see all
of the GW-7472 on the same network of your PC.
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4.2 Module Configuration
1.
Double click the GW-7472 Utility shortcut on the desktop.
2.
Click the “Network Scan” button to search your GW-7472.
3.
Select the item of the GW-7472 and click the “Configure” button to open the
Configuration dialog.
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Item Descriptions:
Item
Description
For configuration of the Address Type, Static IP Address,
Network Settings
Subnet Mask and Default Gateway of the GW-7472
Please refer to section “4.2.1 Network Settings”
For configuration of the Baud Rate, Data Sizes, Parity,
Stop Bits, of the RS-485/RS-422 port of the GW-7472
Please refer to section “4.2.2 Modbus RTU Serial Port
Settings”
Modbus RTU Port Settings
Modbus
Setting
TCP
Server
IP
Setting File Management
Byte Order Setting
For configuration of the IP of each Modbus TCP server.
Please refer to section “4.2.3 Modbus TCP Server IP
Settings”
For the setting files management of GW-7472.
Please refer to section “4.2.4 Setting File Management”
For configuration of the order of two bytes in a word of AI
and AO.
Please refer to section “4.2.5 Byte Order Setting”
Modbus Request Command
Setting
Modbus commands to communicate with the Modbus
slaves
Please refer to section “4.2.6 Modbus Request Settings”
Note!!
All settings will take effected after rebooting the system of the GW-7472 module
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4.2.1
Network Settings
The Address Type, Static IP Address, Subnet Mask and Default Gateway items are
the most important network configuration and should always match the LAN definition of your
PC. Or, the connection between the GW-7472 and your PC may have problem. Contact your
network administrator to obtain a proper network configuration for the GW-7472.
Item Descriptions:
Item
Description
Static IP: If you don’t have a DHCP server in your network,
configure the network settings manually.
Please refer to the section “4.2.1.1 Manually Configuration”
Address Type
DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network
application protocol that automatically assigns IP address to
devices by the DHCP server. If there is no DHCP server in the
network, the static IP must be used.
Please refer to the section “4.2.1.2 Dynamic Configuration”
Static IP Address
Each GW-7472 on the network must have a unique IP address.
This field is used to assign an IP address for the GW-7472.
Subnet Mask
The subnet mask defines which IP addresses of the network device
are in the same sub-network.
Default Gateway
A gateway (or router) is a device that is used to build a connection
between two sub-networks.
MAC Address
The MAC address of the GW-7472.
Update Settings
Click this button to save the new settings to the GW-7472.
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4.2.1.1
Manually Configuration
In manually configuration, you have to assign all the network settings by yourself. The steps are
shown below:
Step1: Select the “Static IP”.
Step2: Enter the network settings.
Step3: Click the “Update Settings” button to finish the configuration.
4.2.1.2
Dynamic Configuration
The procedure of the dynamic configuration is very easy. If you have a DHCP server, network
address can be configured dynamically by the following steps:
Step1: Select the “DHCP”.
Step2: Click the “Update Settings” button to finish the configuration.
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4.2.2
Modbus RTU Serial Port Settings
There four parameters in the Modbus RTU serial port configuration dialog.
Item Descriptions:
Item
Description
Default
Baud Rate (bps)
Set bard rate of the RS-485/422 ports.
115200
Data Size (bits)
Set data size of the RS-485/422 ports.
8
Parity
Set parity of the RS-485/422 ports.
Stop Bits (bits)
Set stop bits of the RS-485/422 ports.
None
1
Step1: Enter the port settings.
Step2: Click the “Update Settings” button to finish the configuration
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4.2.3
Modbus TCP Server IP Setting
There two parameters in the Modbus TCP Server IP configuration dialog.
Item Descriptions:
Item
Description
Server No.
Select the number of the modbus TCP server.
Server IP
Set the IP of modbus TCP server.
Step1: Select the Server No. to modify its IP address.
Step2: Enter the Server IP.
Note: The connection to Modbus TCP server will be disabled when the last
two bytes of IP address are both “0”.
Step3: Click the “Confirm” button to input the IP setting.
Step4: Click the “Update Settings” button to finish the configuration.
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4.2.4
Setting File Management
Item Descriptions:
Item
Description
Load File
Load the setting file to configure the parameters of GW-7472.
Save File
Save the setting file of the current configuration of GW-7472.
Note: Only setting files output from GW-7472 Utility can be loaded to configure the
GW-7472.
4.2.5
Byte Order Setting
There two options of the Byte Order Setting.
Item Descriptions:
Item
Description
High | Low
The high byte is shown in front of low byte.
Low | High
The low byte is shown in front of high byte.
Example:
Modbus AI/AO
8899
AABB
Modbus AI/AO
8899
AABB
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EtherNet/IP
88 99 AA BB
EtherNet/IP
99 88 BB AA
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4.2.6
Modbus Request Settings
The settings for the Modbus commands are provided as the following list:
Item Descriptions:
Item
Device Options
Function Code
ID
Description
The device options specific the Modbus network type and the
number of Modbus TCP slaves. The option can be RTU, TCP
No.0, TCP No.1, TCP No.2…to TCP No.9.
Supported Modbus Function codes are
01hex, 02hex, 03hex, 04hex, 05hex, 06hex, 0Fhex and 10hex
The Modbus slave device ID specifies the address of the device
on the RS-485/422 network.
This ID can be 1 ~ 247.
Start Address
The start address of the input/output registers stored in the
Modbus slaves. This address can be 0 ~ 65535.
Count Bits/Words
Number of register data to be accessed from the Modbus slave
Total Input
Show how many bytes have been mapped in of the EtherNet/IP
input registers
Show how many bytes have been mapped in of the EtherNet/IP
output registers
Total Output
EIP Input Address (Bytes)
The mapping address in the EtherNet/IP input register.
EIP Output Address (Bytes)
The mapping address in the EtherNet/IP output register.
Command Interval
(milliseconds)
Interval value of the Modbus commands. If the command
is replied by the Modbus slave immediately, the GW-7472
still waits until the time interval passes.
Set range value: 10 ~ 30000 (milliseconds); Default: 200 ms
Step1: Select the Device Options.
Step2: Enter the Modbus Request commands.
Step3: Click the “Add”, “Delete” buttons to add and remove the Modbus commands.
Step4: Click the “Update Settings” button to finish the configuration
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4.2.7
Electronic Data Sheet
The Electronic Data Sheet (EDS) is a kind of file recorded all of the necessary
information which is useful while an EtherNet/IP scanner want to access an EtherNet/IP adapter.
It is an important bridge between the variety EtherNet/IP adapters and the configuration tool of
the EtherNet/IP scanner. Through the EDS file, the configuration tool from 3 rd parity is able to
easily know that which parameters can be accessed or altered. After setting the parameters of
the GW-7472, an EDS file (“EDS_GW-7472.eds”) will be created in the same folder of the Utility
tool.
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4.3 Module Diagnostic
Item Descriptions:
Item
Description
UCMM/Forward Open Class
3 Behavior
Send UCMM packets or use the Forward_Open service to build
the CIP class 3 connection to communicate with the GW-7472.
Please refer to section “4.3.1 UCMM/Forward Open Class 3
Behavior”
Forward Open Class1
Behavior
Use the Forward_Open service to build the CIP class 1
connection to communicate with the GW-7472.
Please refer to section “4.3.2 Forward Open Class 1
Behavior”
Response Message
EtherNet/IP packets responded from the GW-7472.
Modbus TCP Servers Status
The connection status of Modbus TCP servers. Please refer to
section “4.3.3 Modbus TCP Servers Status”
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4.3.1
UCMM/Forward Open Class 3 Behavior
This field is applied to send UCMM (Unconnected Message Manager) packages or the
Forward Open service to build the CIP class 3 connection. Both of these two methods can be
used to communicate with the GW-7472.
Step1: Enter the Service Code, Class Code, Instance ID, Attribute ID, Requested
Data size, Request Data, and Request packet interval parameters.
Step2: Click the “UCMM” or “Class3” buttons to communicate with the GW-7472.
Step3: Click the “DisConnect” button to stop to communicate with the GW-7472.
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4.3.2
Forward Open Class 1 Behavior
Use this field to apply the Forward Open service to build the CIP class 1 connection to
communicate with the GW-7472.
Step1: Enter the Class Code, Instance ID, O->T Point, O->T Point, O->T Size, T->O
Size, and RPI parameters.
Step2: Click the “Class1” button to communicate with the GW-7472.
Step3: Click the “DisConnect” button to stop to communicate with the GW-7472.
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4.3.3
Modbus TCP Server Status
Modbus TCP server status indicates the connection status of every Modbus TCP servers.
: The IP address setting of this Modbus TCP server is illegal or user doesn’t use it.
: The GW-7472 is trying to connect this Modbus TCP server.
: The GW-7472 is already connected to this Modbus TCP server.
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4.4 Firmware Update
The GW-7472 supports firmware update through the Ethernet network with the
BOOTP/TFTP protocol. Generally, the firmware is not necessary to update when it works well. If
there are some bugs in the firmware of your GW-7472 or you need new functions which don’t
support in your GW-7472, the firmware update is necessary. If the firmware update procedure is
broken unfortunately, please try it again.
Before updating the firmware, you have to set the “Init Switch” to “Init” position and then
re-power on the GW-7472. Since the flash becomes writable, we can update the firmware
through the Ethernet network.
Mode Firmware
Running
Init
No
Run
Yes
Flash
Protection
No
Yes
Firmware
Update
Yes
No
Configuration
Factory
User-Defined
Note:
1. Well configure the network settings of your PC. Or the update procedures through the
Ethernet network may not work correctly.
2. The program (TFTP server) may not run correctly if there is another TFTP server running
on the same PC.
3. The BOOTP and TFTP protocols use the Ethernet UDP port 67, 68 and 69. Please confirm
that the firewall of the Windows system or anti-virus software can pass these UDP ports.
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Step1: Click the “Download” item to open the “Firmware Download” dialog.
Step2: Enter the MAC address of the GW-7472 and an available IP address which will be
temporally assigned to the GW-7472 via the BOOTP protocol. After finishing the
firmware update, this IP address is useless.
Step3: Select the firmware which will be updated.
Step4: Click the “Download” button to start the update procedure.
Available IP:
This parameter is an available IP address on the Ethernet network. During the update
procedure, the GW-7472 will use this IP address. You can also assign the IP address which is
used in the run mode of the GW-7472. Contact your network administrator for more information
about an available IP address.
MAC Address:
This parameter is the MAC address of the GW-7472. You can get it from the Utility tool.
Please refer to section “4.2.1 Network Settings”
Select File:
The folder path of the new firmware can’t include the character “ “(the space character). Or the
update procedure may be broken.
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4. R/W Modbus devices from EtherNet/IP
Since the GW-7472 provides the functions of an EtherNet/IP adapter and the Modbus
masters, there are some mechanisms for data-exchanging between EtherNet/IP objects and the
Modbus registers. This section describes the EtherNet/IP Object Model of the GW-7472 and
how to read/write the GW-7472 EtherNet/IP object data mapping to the registers of Modbus
slaves by using the EtherNet/IP Explicit and Implicit Message.
5.1
Object Model
The Object Model for the GW-7472 is shown in the following figure. Inside the GW-7472,
there are one Modbus RTU master, one Modbus TCP client and an EtherNet/IP adapter. When
booting up, the GW-7472 scans all of the input registers of Modbus slaves (and Modbus servers)
and updates all of the output registers of Modbus slaves. At the same time, the Modbus masters
exchanges the input data and Modbus connection conditions with the objects of the EtherNet/IP
adapter.
The EtherNet/IP adapter of the GW-7472 provides six kinds of objects. Each object has
its characteristic, service and instances. The Connection Manager Object is applied for building
a connection before using the Explicit Messages and the Implicit Messages. The Message
Router Object is used to route the message to other objects of the EtherNet/IP adapter. The
Assembly Object, Identity Object, TCP/IP Object, and Ethernet Link Object are used to record
the I/O information, device information, TCP/IP configuration, Ethernet link-specific status
information respectively. After receiving an EtherNet/IP message, the GW-7472 will distinguish
what the message type it is. The Explicit Message can direct access the Assembly Object or
access other objects via the Message Router Object. The Implicit Message can only access I/O
data of the Assembly Object. The UCMM Message is used to access all of the objects without
building a connection. When the UCMM Message is got by the GW-7472, the message is
passed to the Message Router Object for routing. When the EtherNet/IP scanner communicates
with the EtherNet/IP adapter of the GW-7472, the GW-7472 replies the corresponding
information. At the same time, the EtherNet/IP adapter exchanges the output data with the
Modbus master.
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5.2
Explicit Message
Explicit Messages are applied for accessing all of the objects in the object model. The
specific instances and attributes for each Object Class are presented in “Appendix A:
EtherNet/IP Object Model”. Before using Explicit Messages, you must use the Forward Open
service of the Connection Manager Object to build a connection between the EtherNet/IP
scanner and the GW-7472. Afterwards, the Explicit Message can be used.
5.4
Implicit Message
Implicit Messages are applied only for accessing the Input Instance 65hex and Output
Instance 66hex of the Assembly Object in the object model. Before using Implicit Messages, you
must use the Forward Open service of the Connection Manager Object to build a connection
between the EtherNet/IP scanner and the GW-7472. Afterwards, the Implicit Message can be
used.
5.5
UCMM
The UCMM are also applied for accessing all of the objects in the object model. The main
feature of the UCMM is that you can send the UCMM without building a connection. It is a
simple method for EtherNet/IP to get the information of all objects. However, because of using
UCMM without building a connection, the reliability of the message transmission is worse than
the Explicit Message.
5.6
Assembly Object
The GW-7472 supports one input instance, one output instance and one command
status instance in Assembly Object. Each of these instances is mapping to the register data of
the Modbus slaves. After you use the Utility to configure the GW-7472, the mapping information
between the registers of the Modbus slaves and the instances of the Assembly Object is
created by following the configuration order of the Modbus commands defined by the Utility. A
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GW-7472 allows setting maximum 30 Modbus RTU commands and 80 Modbus TCP commands
to get the register data of the Modbus slaves. The unit of the input instance and output instance
is BYTE. Therefore, no matter the data format is Coil (1 bit) or WORD, all of the register data of
the Modbus slaves will be assigned to the instances of the Assembly Object by using BYTE
format. While creating a mapping table, the data in the same Modbus command will be put
together and be mapping to some section of the instance by using integral number of bytes. The
input register data of the first Modbus command defined by the Utility are mapping to the most
front end of the input instance. The input register data of the following Modbus command are
mapping to the following section of the input instance. The situation is the same at the mapping
of the output instance. The maximum data size of the input instance and output instance are
500 bytes respectively. The following figure shows the general concept of the mapping
information of the input instance and output instance. For details about the input, output and
status instances, please refer to the “Appendix A (4. Assembly Object (04hex))”.
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5. Supported Modbus Communication
Function Code
(in hex)
Explanation
01
Read output status
02
Read input status
03
Read multiple data registers
04
Read input registers
05
Write Single Coil
06
Write Single Register
0F
Write multiple bits
10
Write multiple data register
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Appendix A: EtherNet/IP Object Model
1. Device Object Model
The Device Object Model is the logical organization of attributes, classes and services
supported by a device. Objects are composed of attributes and services. There are three
types of objects in any CIP device: Required Objects, Application Objects and Vendor
Specific Objects.
Required Objects are object classes that must be supported by all devices on EtherNet/IP.
Applications Objects are classes that must be supported by all devices using the same
profile. An example of a profile is a Discrete I/O device or an AC Drive. This ensures that
devices from different vendors but with the same profile have a common interface to
EtherNet/IP Client devices. For example, every AC Drive device must have a motor object
among its required application objects. The attribute numbers for the maximum motor
frequency and other motor data are predefined by the AC Drive profile to simply access to
any device supporting the AC Drive profile.
Vendor Specific Objects are classes that add attributes and services that don’t fit into the
Required or Application Objects.
The required objects of the GW-7472 are list as below:
 Identity Object (0x01)
 Message Router Object (0x02)
 Assembly Object (0x04)
 Connection Manager Object (0x06)
 TCP Object (0xF5)
 Ethernet Link Object (0xF6)
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2. Identity Object (01hex)
The Identify Object provides read only data that describes the general information about the
device. The information may be the EtherNet/IP Vendor number, the major and minor
revision and the serial number of the device. Your EtherNet/IP scanner has no direct control
of any attributes in this object.
Class Attributes (Instance ID = 0hex )
Attribute ID
Name
Data Type
Data Value
Access Rule
1
Revision
UINT
01dec
Get
2
Max Instance
UINT
01dec
Get
3
Number of Instances
UINT
01dec
Get
UINT
07dec
Get
UINT
07dec
Get
Data Type
Data Value
Access Rule
6
7
Max Class Attributes ID
Number
Max Instance Attributes
ID Number
Instance Attributes (Instance ID = 1hex )
Attribute ID
Name
1
Vendor ID
UINT
803dec
Get
2
Device Type
UINT
0Chex
Get
3
Product Code
UINT
256dec
Get
Product Major Revision
USINT
01dec
Product Minor Revision
USINT
00dec
5
Status
WORD
00dec
Get
6
Serial Number
UDINT
Unique 32 bit value
Get
7
Product Name
Structure of:
Product Name Size
Product Name String
SHORT
STRING
08dec
“GW-7472”
Get
4
Get
Common Services
Implemented for
Service Code
0Ehex
01hex
05hex
Service Name
Class
Instance
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
(1,2,6,7)
(1,2,3,4,5,6,7)
No
Yes
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Get_Attributes_All
Reset
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3. Message Router Object (02hex)
The Message Router Object is used for routing the Explicit Message or UCMM to access
the instance of the object with specific Class ID, Instance ID and Attribute ID. It provides
two kinds of services for accessing any objects in the GW-7472.
Class Attributes (Instance ID = 0hex )
Attribute ID
Name
Data Type
Data Value
Access Rule
1
Revision
UINT
01dec
Get
2
Max Instance
UINT
01dec
Get
3
Number of Instances
UINT
01dec
Get
UINT
07dec
Get
UINT
00dec
Get
6
7
Max Class Attributes ID
Number
Max Instance Attributes
ID Number
Common Services
Implemented for
Service Code
Service Name
Class
Instance
0Ehex
Yes
No
Get_Attribute_Single
01hex
Yes
No
Get_Attributes_All
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4. Assembly Object (04hex)
An EtherNet/IP Assembly Object assembles data from other objects into input and output
packages that are exchanged with the EtherNet/IP scanner. Input objects refer to the
collection of data items that are transferred from the server (the GW-7472) to the Client
(maybe the EtherNet/IP scanner). Output refers to the collection of data items that are
transferred from the client (maybe the EtherNet/IP scanner) to the server (the GW-7472).
The GW-7472 provides Input/Output/Status Assembly for transferring data and status
from the Modbus RTU network to the EtherNet/IP scanner. Generally, before using an
EtherNet/IP scanner, you need to configure what object and instance you are interesting.
Therefore, the following table must be applied to confirm the Class ID, Instance ID and
Attribute ID when using the configuration tool of the EtherNet/IP scanner. If the
configuration tool of the EtherNet/IP scanner supports the EDS loader, you can get the EDS
file of the GW-7472 by using Utility. Please refer to the section 4.2.4 for more details.
INPUT/OUPUT ASSEMBLY
Input Instance: 65hex
Output Instance: 66hex
The input/output instance stores the Modbus Register data for the access of the
EtherNet/IP scanner. The register data for all the Modbus nodes are packed into a
maximum 500-byte data of the EtherNet/IP package. The size of the input/output instance is
dependent on all the Modbus Read register data assigned by the Utility.
Class Attributes (Instance ID = 0hex )
Attribute ID
Name
Data Type
Data Value
Access Rule
1
Revision
UINT
02dec
Get
2
Max Instance
UINT
03dec
Get
3
Number of Instances
UINT
03dec
Get
UINT
07dec
Get
UINT
03dec
Get
6
7
Max Class Attributes ID
Number
Max Instance Attributes
ID Number
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Instance 64hex Attributes (Configuration Instance)
Most EtherNet/IP scanner contains a configuration path when opening an Implicit Message
connection to the GW-7472. Through the configuration path, the EtherNet/IP scanner can
exchange the input and output data of the GW-7472. Therefore, there is no data needed in
the Configuration Instance.
Instance 65hex Attributes (Input Instance)
Attribute ID
Name
Data Type
Default Data Value
Access Rule
All 0’s
Get
Serial Read Data
Structure of
3
Node Read Data 1
…
BYTE
[maximum 500]
Node Read Data n
The input data size is based on the arrangement of the input registers of the Modbus slaves
configured by the GW-7472 Utility. The Input Instance data are packaged by following the
command order defined in Utility.
Instance 66hex Attributes (Output Instance)
Attribute ID
3
Name
Serial Data
Structure of
Node Read Data 1
…
Node Read Data n
Data Type
BYTE
[maximum 500]
Default Data Value
Access Rule
All 0’s
Get/Set
The output data size is based on the arrangement of the output registers of the Modbus
slaves configured by the GW-7472 Utility. The Output Instance data are packaged by
following the command order defined in Utility.
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Instance 67hex Attributes (Command Status Instance)
Attribute ID
3
Name
Serial Data
Structure of
st
1 Command status
nd
2 Command status
…
th
30 Command status
Command Status
Data Type
Default Data Value
Access Rule
All 0’s
Get/Set
BYTE
[fixed to 30]
Explanation
(in hex)
00
No Error
01
Illegal device ID
02
Illegal function code
03
Illegal data address
04
Receiving an Invalid command
05
CRC checking error
06
Timeout error occurred
Common Services
Implemented for
Service Code
Service Name
Class
Instance
0Ehex
Yes
Yes
Get_Attribute_Single
10hex
No
Yes
Set_Attribute_Single
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5. Connection Manager Object (06hex)
The Connection Manager Object allocates and manages the internal resources associated
with both Implicit and Explicit Messaging Connections. The specific instance generated by
the Connection Manager Object is referred to as a Connection instance or a Connection
Object.
Class Attributes (Instance ID = 0hex )
Attribute ID
Name
Data Type
Data Value
Access Rule
1
Revision
UINT
01dec
Get
2
Max Instance
UINT
01dec
Get
3
Number of Instances
UINT
01dec
Get
UINT
07dec
Get
UINT
00dec
Get
6
7
Max Class Attributes ID
Number
Max Instance Attributes
ID Number
Common Services
Implemented for
Service Code
Service Name
Class
Instance
0Ehex
Yes
No
Get_Attribute_Single
01hex
Yes
No
Get_Attributes_All
4Ehex
No
Yes
Forward_Close
54hex
No
Yes
Forward_Open
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6. TCP/IP Interface Object (F5hex)
The TCP/IP Interface Object contains read-only data that describes the TCP/IP connection
parameters between the Gateway and the EtherNet/IP scanner. The configurable items
include the GW-7472’s IP address, network mask and gateway address. You can’t directly
control any attributes of this object.
Class Attributes (Instance ID = 0hex )
Attribute ID
Name
Data Type
Data Value
Access Rule
1
Revision
UINT
01dec
Get
2
Max Instance
UINT
01dec
Get
3
Number of Instances
UINT
01dec
Get
UINT
07dec
Get
UINT
06dec
Get
6
7
Max Class Attributes ID
Number
Max Instance Attributes
ID Number
Instance Attributes (Instance ID = 1hex )
Attribute ID
Name
1
Status
2
Configuration Capability
3
4
5
6
Data Type
Data Value
Access Rule
UINT
01dec
Get
UINT
04dec
Get
UINT
00dec
Get
UINT
Padded EPATH
02dec
20F6hex, 2401hex
Get
UINT
UINT
UINT
UINT
UINT
UINT
UINT
192 168 255 1dec
255 255 0 0dec
192 168 0 1dec
0
0
0
0
UINT
String
0
0
1
2
3
Configuration Control
4
Physical Link Object
Structure of:
Path Size
Path
5
Interface Configuration
Structure of:
IP Address
Network Mask
Gateway Address
Name Server
Name Server 2
Domain Name Size
Domain Name
6
Host Name
Structure of:
Host Name Size
Host Name
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Get
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Common Services
Implemented for
Service Code
0Ehex
Service Name
Class
Instance
Yes
No
Get_Attribute_Single
1
Section 5-3.2.2.1 of “Volume 2: EtherNet/IP Adaptation of CIP” from ODVA for more details on this attribute.
2
Section 5-3.2.2.2 of “Volume 2: EtherNet/IP Adaptation of CIP” from ODVA for more details on this attribute.
3
Section 5-3.2.2.3 of “Volume 2: EtherNet/IP Adaptation of CIP” from ODVA for more details on this attribute.
4
Section 5-3.2.2.4 of “Volume 2: EtherNet/IP Adaptation of CIP” from ODVA for more details on this attribute.
5
Section 5-3.2.2.5 of “Volume 2: EtherNet/IP Adaptation of CIP” from ODVA for more details on this attribute.
6
Section 5-3.2.2.6 of “Volume 2: EtherNet/IP Adaptation of CIP” from ODVA for more details on this attribute.
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7. Ethernet Link Object (F6hex)
The Ethernet Link Object contains read-only data that describes the status of the physical
Ethernet link. You can’t directly control any attributes of this object.
Class Attributes (Instance ID = 0hex )
Attribute ID
Name
Data Type
Data Value
Access Rule
1
Revision
UINT
01dec
Get
2
Max Instance
UINT
01dec
Get
3
Number of Instances
UINT
01dec
Get
UINT
07dec
Get
UINT
03dec
Get
Data Type
Default Data Value
Access Rule
UDINT
100dec
Get
DWORD
03dec
Get
00 0D E0 xx xx xxhex
Get
Max Class Attributes ID
6
Number
Max Instance Attributes
7
ID Number
Instance Attributes (Instance ID = 1hex )
Attribute ID
Name
1
Interface Speed
2
Interface Flags
7
8
Physical Address
3
9
ARRAYof 6
USINTs
Common Services
Implemented for
Service Code
Service Name
Class
Instance
0Ehex
Yes
Yes
Get_Attribute_Single
01hex
Yes
Yes
Get_Attributes_All
7
Section 5-4.2.2.1 of “Volume 2: EtherNet/IP Adaptation of CIP” from ODVA for more details on this attribute.
Section 5-4.2.2.2 of “Volume 2: EtherNet/IP Adaptation of CIP” from ODVA for more details on this attribute.
9
Section 5-4.2.2.3 of “Volume 2: EtherNet/IP Adaptation of CIP” from ODVA for more details on this attribute.
8
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8. CIP General Status Code
Reference Volume 1: CIP Common Specification Appendix B
General
Status Code
Status Name
Description of Status
(in hex)
00
Success
Service was successfully performed by the object specified.
01
Connection failure
A connection related service failed along the connection path.
02
Resource unavailable
Resources needed for the object to perform the requested
service were unavailable
The path segment identifier or the segment syntax was not
04
Path segment error
understood by the processing node. Path processing shall stop
when a path segment error is encountered.
The path is referencing an object class, instance or structure
05
Path destination unknown
element that is not known or is not contained in the processing
node. Path processing shall stop when a path destination unknown
error is encountered.
The requested service was not implemented or was not defined for
08
Service not supported
09
Invalid attribute value
Invalid attribute data detected
0E
Attribute not settable
A request to modify a non-modifiable attribute was received.
13
Not enough data
14
Attribute not supported
The attribute specified in the request is not supported
15
Too much data
The service supplied more data than was expected
16
Object does not exist
The object specified does not exist in the device.
this Object Class/Instance.
The service did not supply enough data to perform the specified
operation.
A parameter associated with the request was invalid. This code is
20
Invalid parameter
used when a parameter does not meet the requirements of this
specification and/or the requirements defined in an Application
Object Specification.
The size of the path which was sent with the Service Request is
26
Path Size Invalid
either not large enough to allow the Request to be routed to an
object or too much routing data was included.
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9. Connection Manager Service Request Error Codes
Reference Volume 1: CIP Common Specification Table 3-5.29
General
Extended
Status (in
Status
hex)
(in hex)
Explanation and Description
Service completed successfully
00
01
100
01
103
01
106
01
107
01
108
01
109
01
113
01
114
01
115
01
116
01
117
01
118
01
119
01
11A
CONNECTION IN USE OR DUPLICATE FORWARD OPEN
This extended status code shall be returned when an originator is trying to
make a connection to a target with which the originator may have already
established a connection
TRANSPORT CLASS AND TRIGGER COMBINATION NOT SUPPORTED
A transport class and trigger combination has been specified which is not
supported by the target. Routers shall not fail the connection based on the
transport class and trigger combination. Only targets shall return this extended
status code.
OWNERSHIP CONFLICT
The connection cannot be established since another connection already "owns"
some of the resources required for this connection.
CONNECTION NOT FOUNT AT TARGET APPLICATION
This extended status code shall be returned by the close connection request,
where the connection which is to be closed is not active at the target node.
INVALID NETWORK CONNECTION PARAMETER
This extended status code shall be returned as the result of specifying a
connection type, connection priority, redundant owner or fixed / variable that is
not supported by the target application. Only a target node shall return this
extended status code.
INVALID CONNECTION SIZE
This extended status code is returned when the target or router does not
support the specified connection size.
CONNECTION MANAGER CANNOT SUPPORT ANY MORE CONNECTIONS
VENDOR ID OR PRODUCT CODE MISMATCH
The Product Code or Vendor Id specified in the electronic key logical segment
does not match the Product Code or Vendor Id of in the target device.
PRODUCT TYPE MISMATCH
The Product Type specified in the electronic key logical segment does not
match the Product Type of in the target device.
REVISION MISMATCH
The major and minor revision specified in the electronic key logical segment
does not correspond to a valid revision of the target device.
INVALID CONNECTIO POINT
The connection point specified in the connection path does not correspond to a
valid connection point for the target application.
INVALID CONFIGURATION FORMAT
An instance number specified for the configuration data does not correspond to
a configuration instance.
CONNECTION REQUEST FAILS SONCE THERE IS NO CONTROLLING
CONNECTION CURRENTLY OPEN
The extended status code shall be returned when an attempt is made to
establish an echo (i.e. listen only) connection to a connection which has no
controlling connection (i.e. owner).
TARGET APPLICATION CANNOT SUPPORT ANY MORE CONNECTIONS
The maximum number of connections supported by this instance of the Target
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01
205
01
315
Application has been exceeded.
PARAMETER ERROR IN UNCONNECTED SEND SERVICE
One of the parameters in the unconnected send service was in error.
INVALID SEGMENT IN CONNECTION PATH
Invalid Segment Type or Segment Value in Connection Path This extended
status code is the result of a device being unable to decode the connection
path. This could be caused by an unrecognized path type, a segment type
occurring unexpectedly, or a myriad of other problems in the connection path.
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Appendix B: Glossary
1. ARP (Address Resolution Protocol)
Consider two machines A and B that share a physical network. Each has an assigned IP
address IPA and IPB, and a MAC address the MACA and MACB. The goal is to devise lowlevel software that hides MAC addresses and allows higher-level programs to work only
with the IP addresses. Ultimately, however, communication must be carried out by the
physical networks using whatever MAC address scheme the hardware supplies.
Suppose machine A wants to send a packet to machine B across a physical network to
which they are both attached, but A only has the Internet address for B, IPB. The question
arises: how does A map that address to the MAC address for B, MACB?
ARP provides a method of dynamically mapping 32-bit IP address to the corresponding 48bit MAC address. The term dynamic is used since it happens automatically and is normally
not a concern for either the application user or the system administrator.
2. Clients and Servers
The client-server paradigm uses the direction of initiation to categorize whether a program
is a client or server. In general, an application program that initiates peer to peer
communication is called a client. End users usually invoke client programs when they use
network services.
Most client programs consist of conventional application program develop tools. Each time
a client program is executed; it contacts a server, sends a request and waits for a response.
When the response arrives, the client program continues processing. Client programs are
often easier to develop than servers, and usually require no special system privileges to
operate.
By comparison, a server is any program that waits for incoming requests from a client
program. The server receives a request from a client, performs the necessary computation
and returns the result to the client.
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3. Ethernet
The term Ethernet generally refers to a standard published in 1982 by Digital Equipment
Corp., Intel Corp. and Xerox Corp. Ethernet is the most popular physical layer local area
network (LAN) technology today. Ethernet is a best-effort delivery system that uses
CSMA/CD technology. It recognizes hosts using 48-bit MAC address.
4. Firmware
Firmware is an alterable program located or stored in the semi-permanent storage area,
e.g., ROM, EEPROM, or Flash memory.
5. Gateway
Computers that interconnect two networks and pass packets from one to the other are
called Internet Gateways or Internet Routers. Gateways route packets that are based on
the destination network, not on the destination host.
6. ICMP (Internet Control Messages Protocol)
No system works correctly all the time. ICMP provides a method of communicating
between the Internet Protocol software on one machine and the Internet Protocol software
on another. It allows gateways to send error or control messages to other gateways or
allows a host to know what is wrong with the network communication.
7. Internet
Physically, the Internet is a collection of packet switching networks interconnected by
gateways along with TCP/IP protocol that allows them to perform logically as a single, large
and virtual network. The Internet recognizes hosts using 32-bit IP address.
8. IP (Internet Protocol) address
Every interface on an Internet must have a unique IP address (also called an Internet
address). These addresses are 32-bit numbers. They are normally written as four decimal
numbers, one for each byte of the address such as “192.168.41.1”. This is called dotteddecimal notation.
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9. MAC (Media Access Control) address
To allow a computer to determine which packets are meant for it, each computer attached
to an Ethernet is assigned a 48-bit integer known as its MAC address (also called an
Ethernet address, hardware address or physical address). They are normally written as
eight hexadecimal numbers such as “00:71:88:af:12:3e:0f:01”. Ethernet hardware
manufacturers purchase blocks of MAC addresses and assign them in sequence as they
manufacture the Ethernet interface hardware. Thus, no two hardware interfaces have the
same MAC address.
10. Packet
A packet is the unit of data sent across a physical network. It consists of a series of bits
containing data and control information, including the source and the destination node (host)
address, and is formatted for transmission from one node to another.
11. Ping
Ping sends an ICMP echo request message to a host, expecting an ICMP echo reply to be
returned. Normally, if a host cannot be pinged, you won’t be able to use Telnet or FTP to
connect to the host. Conversely, if Telnet or FTP cannot be used to connect to a host, Ping
is often the starting point to determine what the problem is.
12. RARP (Reverse Address Resolution Protocol)
RARP provides a method of dynamically mapping 48-bit MAC address to the
corresponding 32-bit IP address.
13. Socket
Each TCP segment contains the source and destination port number that can be used to
identify the sending and receiving application. These two values, along with the source and
destination IP address in the IP header, uniquely identify each connection.
The combination of an IP address and a port number is called a socket.
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14. Subnet Mask
Subnet mask is often simply called the mask. Given its own IP address and its subnet mask,
a host can determine if a TCP/IP packet is destined for a host that is (1) on its own subnet,
or (2) on a different network. If (1), the packet will be delivered directly; otherwise if, will be
delivered via gateways or routers.
15. TCP (Transmission Control Protocol)
TCP provides a reliable flow of data between two hosts. It is associated with tasks such as
dividing the data passed to it from applications into appropriately sized chunks for the
network layer below, acknowledging received packets, setting timeouts to make certain that
the other end acknowledges packets that are sent, and so on.
16. TCP/IP
The transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP) are the standard
network protocols. They are almost always implemented and used together and called
TCP/IP. TCP/IP can be used to communicate across any set of interconnected networks.
17. UDP (User Datagram Protocol)
UDP provides a much simpler service to the application layer. It just sends packets of data
from one host to the other. But there is no guarantee that the packets will reach the
destination host.
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Appendix C: FAQ
1. Why does the GW-7472 series module fail on a (public) Internet
connection?
The default IP address of the GW-7472 is 192.168.255.1, which can be only used on a private
Internet connection. A private network packet will not be routed via a (public) Internet
connection, which is the reason why the GW-7472 failed on the Internet.
The IANA has reserved three address spaces for private internets (RFC1918).
10.0.0.0 - 10.255.255.255 (10/8 prefix)
172.16.0.0 - 172.31.255.255 (172.16/12 prefix)
192.168.0.0 - 192.168.255.255 (192.168/16 prefix)
The GW-7472 can be operated on the Internet by using a legal public IP address. This address
can be obtained from your ISP or network administrator.
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A private internet client may communicate with a public Internet server (GW-7472s) only if the
NAT service for the client is available.
Note!!
IANA
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
RFC
Request for Comments
ISP
Internet Service Providers
NAT
Network Address Translator
ICP DAS Web Site: http://www.icpdas.com
Contact Us (E-Mail): [email protected]
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Copyright @ 2013 by ICP DAS Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
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