User Manual, AED10 Automatic External

User Manual, AED10 Automatic External
TM
AED 10
Automated External Defibrillator
User Manual
Software version 2.07.XX
July, 2009
9650-0145-01 Rev. A
ii
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
© 2009 Welch Allyn. All rights are reserved. No one is permitted to reproduce or duplicate, in any form, this manual or any part
thereof without permission from Welch Allyn.
Welch Allyn assumes no responsibility for any injury to anyone, or for any illegal or improper use of the product, that may result from
failure to use this product in accordance with the instructions, cautions, warnings, or statement of intended use published in this
manual.
Welch Allyn is a registered trademark of Welch Allyn. AED 10 is a trademark of Welch Allyn.
Software in this product is Copyright Welch Allyn or its vendors. All rights are reserved. The software is protected by United States of
America copyright laws and international treaty provisions applicable worldwide. Under such laws, the licensee is entitled to use the
copy of the software incorporated with this instrument as intended in the operation of the product in which it is embedded. The
software may not be copied, decompiled, reverse-engineered, disassembled or otherwise reduced to human-perceivable form. This
is not a sale of the software or any copy of the software; all right, title and ownership of the software remain with Welch Allyn or its
vendors.
For information about any Welch Allyn product, call the nearest Welch Allyn representative:
USA 1 800 535 6663
+ 1 315 685 4560
Canada 1 800 561 8797
European Call Center + 353 46 906 7790
Germany + 49 747 792 7186
Latin America + 1 305 669 9003
Singapore + 656 419 8100
United Kingdom + 44 207 365 6780
Australia + 6129 638 3000
800 074 793
China + 86 216 327 9631
France + 3315 569 5849
Japan + 8133 219 0071
Netherlands + 3115 750 5000
South Africa + 2711 777 7555
Sweden + 46 85 853 6551
Caution! Changes or modifications not expressly approved by Welch Allyn could void the purchaser’s authority to operate the
equipment.
REF 9658-0220-40
Manual 9650-0145-01 Rev A, 2009-07
ZOLL Medical Corporation
269 Mill Road
Chelmsford, MA 01824-4105 USA
www.welchallyn.com
Printed in USA
ZOLL International Holding B.V.
Newtonweg 18
6662 PV ELST
The Netherlands
iii
Contents
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
1 - Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Conventions used in the manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
General cautions and notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Patient safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Defibrillator and electrode pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Battery care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Care and storage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Defibrillation pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Safety symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2 - Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Getting the Welch Allyn AED 10 ready. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Getting to know the Welch Allyn AED 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Preparing the Welch Allyn AED 10 for readiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Parts List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
3 - Using the defibrillator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Operating procedures — Quick reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Operating procedures — Detailed information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Post-use procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4 - Programming. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Menu structure diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Menu structure overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Accessing the Main Menu from startup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Supervisor Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
5 - Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Maintenance schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Inspecting and cleaning the Welch Allyn AED 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Recycling defibrillator components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
6 - Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Attaching defibrillation pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Analyzing interrupted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
No shock delivered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
iv
Contents
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Defibrillator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Other problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Frequently Asked Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
A - Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Physical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Electrical isolation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Data management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Defibrillator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Pediatric energy reducer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Electromagnetic compatibility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Summary of studies of waveform safety and effectiveness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
B - Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
v
Preface
Important!
Read this Operators Manual carefully as it contains important information concerning your
safety and the safety of others when using this Automated External Defibrillator. It is
important that you are familiar with the operation and controls before operating the
product.
Manufacturer
ZOLL Medical Corporation
Product Name
Welch Allyn AED 10
Device Type
Automated External Defibrillator
Medical device registration
Welch Allyn and its distributors are required by FDA medical device tracking regulations
and other national regulatory authorities to maintain records of end-users that purchase
Welch Allyn's defibrillators. Please provide us with the information requested in the
device registration card to assist us in complying with the defibrillator tracking
requirement and to enable us to contact you promptly in the unlikely event that there is a
problem with your defibrillator. If you transfer the defibrillator to another person or
company please notify us of the new owner by calling Welch Allyn at 800-289-2500 (tollfree in USA) or 503-530-7500. Likewise, if the defibrillator is retired from use or otherwise
permanently disposed of, please call and notify us and provide the date of retirement or
disposition.
Manufacturer’s responsibility
ZOLL Medical Corporation is responsible for the safety, reliability, and performance of the
Welch Allyn AED 10, only if the following conditions are met:
•
Assembly operations, extensions, readjustments, modifications, or repairs are
carried out by persons authorized by ZOLL Medical Corporation.
•
The Welch Allyn AED 10 equipment is used in accordance with the instructions
for use.
vi
Preface
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
User’s responsibility
The Welch Allyn AED 10 is intended for infrequent use only in emergency response
situations by personnel who are authorized by a physician/medical director, and who have
the following training and skills:
•
American Heart Association Heartsaver course, American Red Cross CPR/AED
course, or equivalent.
•
Training in the use of the Welch Allyn AED 10.
The user should be completely knowledgeable of the information in the Welch Allyn
AED 10 Users Manual. Good judgment should be used when operating the Welch Allyn
AED 10. To ensure patient safety and proper operation, use only Welch Allyn-authorized
parts and accessories.
We recommend saving the AED 10 shipping container and packaging material for future
use should your device require service or upgrades.
Contact and technical support
Please contact Welch Allyn (page ii) if you have any questions regarding this notice.
User Manual
Preface
vii
Indemnification against defects
Welch Allyn Automated External Defibrillators (AED 10)
US customers
Welch Allyn Protocol, Inc. (Welch Allyn) provides the following indemnity to persons or
legal entities that originally purchase or lease a Welch Allyn AED from Welch Allyn or an
authorized distributor appointed by Welch Allyn (the Purchaser).
Welch Allyn will, at its cost, defend, indemnify, and hold harmless the Purchaser from
third-party claims or legal actions for liability or damages resulting from bodily injury or
death caused by a mechanical or electrical failure of the Purchaser's Welch Allyn AED or
the malfunction of the Purchaser's Welch Allyn AED due to a defect in its design or
manufacture.
This indemnity does not extend to or cover any claim or legal action for liability or
damages in connection with the use of the Purchaser's Welch Allyn AED to the extent
caused by:
1. negligent operation of the Welch Allyn AED, or failure to follow the sequential
operating instructions for use of the Welch Allyn AED, or
2. failures or malfunctions of the Welch Allyn AED that are due to improper
maintenance, including without limitation, malfunctions of pads or batteries that occur
after expiration of their shelf life or malfunctions of repairs, replacement parts, pads,
or batteries that are not provided by Welch Allyn.
This indemnification is expressly conditioned on the Purchaser's fulfilling the following
obligations with respect to any claim for which indemnification will be requested (the
Claim). The Purchaser will send to Welch Allyn, at the address shown below, written
notice of the Claim, promptly after the Purchaser obtains knowledge of the Claim. The
Purchaser also will provide to Welch Allyn all assistance reasonably requested by Welch
Allyn for evaluation of the Claim or defense of the Claim. Such assistance will include:
1. providing to Welch Allyn possession of the Welch Allyn AED involved in the Claim
(including any electronic record created by the Welch Allyn AED of the event involved
in the Claim) for analysis of the cause of any failure, and
2. providing to Welch Allyn and its counsel all other evidence relevant to the Claim,
whether in the form of documents or testimony. Welch Allyn will promptly notify the
Purchaser in writing if Welch Allyn determines that the Claim is not covered by this
indemnity, and Welch Allyn shall have the unrestricted authority to defend or settle
any Claims for which indemnification is required by this agreement. However, the
Purchaser shall retain the right to participate, at its own expense, in the defense or
settlement of any Claim that is covered by this indemnity.
viii
Preface
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Address for notification of claims:
Welch Allyn Protocol, Inc.
Welch Allyn, Inc.
4341 State Street Road
Skaneateles Falls, NY 13153
Attn: General Counsel
Phone: 315-685-2500
Fax: 315-685-4496
1
1
Safety
Conventions used in the manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
General cautions and notices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Patient safety. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Defibrillator and electrode pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Battery care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Care and storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Defibrillation pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Safety symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Conventions used in the manual
Warnings
Warnings alert the user to a special condition that could result in serious personal injury or
death. Warnings are displayed as shown in the following example:
WARNING
Includes conditions, hazards, or unsafe practices that can result in serious personal injury
or death.
Cautions
Cautions alert the user to a special condition that could result in minor personal injury or
damage to the equipment. Cautions are displayed as shown in the following examples:
Caution
Conditions, hazards, or unsafe practices that can result in minor personal injury, damage
to the Welch Allyn AED 10, or loss of data.
Caution
On the product, this caution means “Consult the accompanying documentation.”
2
Safety
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Notes
Notes contain information that augments or clarifies an operating step. Notes do not
normally contain actions. They follow the procedural steps to which they refer. In this
manual, notes are displayed as shown in the following example:
Note
The default supervisor password is 1 2 3.
Voice prompts
The Welch Allyn AED 10 provides audio instructions through the built-in speaker to provide
operating instruction and assist the user during defibrillation. In this manual, voice
prompts are displayed as shown in the following example:
“Low battery.”
General cautions and notices
Damaged
If the device has been damaged in any way, refer the device to qualified service personnel
for servicing.
Labels
Observe all CAUTION and WARNING labels on the equipment and accessories.
Performance
The Welch Allyn AED 10 may not meet performance specifications if stored, transported,
or used outside the specified storage or operating environmental range limits.
Notices
U.S. Federal law restricts this device to be used by or on the order of a physician. If the
battery pack is removed for any reason, the user must label the Welch Allyn AED 10 as
“Out of service due to battery operation.”
User Manual
Safety
3
Patient safety
General
WARNING Accessory adapter required for use on pediatric patients.
The AED 10 is not to be used on patients less than 8 years old or under 25kg
(55 lbs), unless it is equipped with the accessory AED 10 Pediatric Energy
Reducer (Welch Allyn part number 002173-U).
WARNING Ferromagnetic Equipment
ECG electrodes and cables contain ferromagnetic materials. They must not
be used in the presence of large magnetic fields created by magnetic
resonance imaging (MRI) equipment. The large magnetic fields generated by
an MRI device could move ferromagnetic equipment with an extremely
violent force that could cause serious personal injury or death to persons
between the equipment and the MRI device.
Caution Patient Physical Harm
Place the Welch Allyn AED 10 in a position where it cannot harm the patient
should it fall. Do not use adjacent to or stacked with other equipment. Keep
all cables and connectors away from the patient’s neck.
Shock hazard
WARNING Defibrillation current can cause injury.
Do not touch the patient during defibrillation. Do not touch equipment
connected to or metal objects in contact with the patient during defibrillation.
Disconnect other electrical equipment from the patient before defibrillating.
Burns
WARNING Properly place defibrillation pads.
Do not allow defibrillation pads to touch each other, or to touch other ECG
electrodes, lead wires, dressings, transdermal patches, etc. Such contact can
cause patient skin burns during defibrillation and may divert defibrillating
current away from the heart.
Remove excessive body hair, which may cause skin burns or ineffective
energy transfer. Do not use alcohol, iodine, or other skin preparations. These
can dry the skin and may cause the AED 10 to function improperly or may
cause skin burns.
4
Safety
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Electrical energy
WARNING Welch Allyn AED 10 can deliver 360 joules of electrical energy.
Disconnect any medical electronic device that is not labeled “defibrillation
protected” from the patient. If this electrical energy is not discharged
properly, it could cause personal injury or death to the operator or bystander.
During defibrillation, the operator and all other people must stand clear of the
patient, bed, and all conductive surfaces in contact with the patient.
WARNING Properly place defibrillation pads.
Do not place defibrillation pads near the generator of an internal pacemaker.
Always apply defibrillation pads to flat areas of skin. Avoid application over
folds of skin such as those underneath the breast or on obese patients.
Excessive hair, poor adhesion, or air under defibrillation pads may produce
burns.
ECG misinterpretation
WARNING Properly place defibrillation pads.
Improperly placed pads may produce incorrect analysis and an inappropriate
shock or no shock decision advisory.
WARNING Do not move patient.
Handling or transporting the patient during ECG analysis can cause incorrect
or delayed diagnosis. Follow all instructions in the Users Manual.
WARNING Cardiac pacemakers may affect rhythm analysis.
Patient pacemakers may reduce the sensitivity of the Welch Allyn AED 10
analysis and errors in detecting shockable rhythms.
WARNING Radio frequency (RF) interference
Do not operate the Welch Allyn AED 10 in conjunction with electrocautery or
diathermy equipment. Any equipment that emits strong radio frequency
signals can cause electrical interference and distort the ECG signal to cause
inaccurate interpretation of rhythm.
User Manual
Safety
5
Defibrillator and electrode pads
Explosion
WARNING Explosion hazard
Possible explosion hazard if used in the presence of concentrated oxygen or
flammable anesthetics.
Electrical shock or fire hazard
WARNING No internal, operator-serviceable parts
Do not open unit, remove covers, or attempt to repair the Welch Allyn
AED 10. All servicing must be performed by qualified personnel.
WARNING Improper use can cause injury.
The Welch Allyn AED 10 contains an automatic disarm of the stored energy. If
the operator has not delivered the energy to a patient or a test load, an
internal timer will disarm the stored energy. This stored electrical energy can
potentially cause death or injury if discharged improperly. Follow all
instructions in this users manual.
Caution Do not immerse or expose the Welch Allyn AED 10 to water or other
liquids.
Do not use the defibrillator if unit has been immersed in liquid or if excessive
condensation is visible on the device.
Caution Conductive parts should not contact other conductive parts including
the earth.
6
Safety
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Improper device performance
WARNING Properly use defibrillation pads.
Do not attempt to warm the defibrillation pads with a heat source greater
than 35° C (95° F). Do not immerse or clean defibrillation pads with alcohol or
solvents. Do not perform chest compressions (CPR) through defibrillation
pads. These actions may damage the defibrillation pads and cause the AED
10 to function improperly.
WARNING Use only accessories approved by Welch Allyn.
Do not use defibrillation pads, batteries, and other accessories not approved
by Welch Allyn. Use of unauthorized accessories may cause the device to
operate improperly and provide false measurements. Follow all labeling
instructions on the defibrillation pads and the battery.
Caution Do not repeatedly charge and discharge the defibrillator in rapid
succession.
If a need for repetitive testing arises, wait at least 1 minute for every third
discharge to avoid damaging equipment.
Caution Improper maintenance can cause improper performance.
Follow instructions in the Users Manual.
User Manual
Safety
Battery care
a
Caution Use only Welch Allyn batteries.
Use only Welch Allyn Part No. 001852-U non-rechargeable lithium battery.
Use of any other battery can damage the Welch Allyn AED 10.
Caution Always verify remaining capacity of a non-rechargeable battery after
use.
Check capacity and change if battery is low. See “Maintenance schedule” on
page 62.
Caution Replace the battery at 5 years.
Battery replacement at 5 years is recommended due to degradation of the
battery chemistry.
Caution Only turn on the Welch Allyn AED 10 when the defibrillator is to be
used on a patient. Avoid turning on the Welch Allyn AED 10 during nonemergency situations.
Battery capacity is reduced with every activation or “power up” of the
device.
Caution The flashing low battery status indicator means that the battery is
beginning to weaken and should be replaced at the first opportunity. The AED 10
remains operable when the flashing low battery is activated, and it can be used
on a patient in this condition or continued in use when connected to a patient if
the low battery indicator activates. Replace the battery as soon as possible.
Caution If the AED 10 is subjected to cold temperatures near or outside of its
low temperature operating limit of 32° F (0° C), the low battery status indicator
may be triggered even with a new battery. The low battery indicator caused by
cold temperature may cease when the device is warmed. Discharging the device
to defibrillate a patient may cause sufficient warming to eliminate the low battery
indicator or cause it to be intermittent.
7
8
Safety
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Care and storage
Caution Clean and maintain the Welch Allyn AED 10 according to instructions.
See “Maintenance” on page 59.
Do not clean the Welch Allyn AED 10 with alcohol, ketone, or any flammable
agent. Do not autoclave the Welch Allyn AED 10 or attempt to sterilize the
Welch Allyn AED 10 or any of its accessories.
Defibrillation pads
WARNING Follow manufacturer’s instructions for use of defibrillation pads.
Improper use of defibrillation pads may cause the Welch Allyn AED 10 to
function improperly or may cause skin burns. Do not use expired, dry pads.
Do not reuse disposable pads. Only use Welch Allyn approved defibrillation
pads or pad adapters.
Caution Properly store and use defibrillation pads.
Store defibrillation pads in a cool, dry location (between 60° and 95°F or 15°
and 35°C). Do not sterilize the pads, immerse, or clean the pads with alcohol
or solvents.
User Manual
Safety
9
Safety symbols
Graphical symbols, letter symbols, and signs listed below may be found on the Welch
Allyn AED 10 and accessories. Note the use of these symbols for safe and proper use of
the equipment. For a list of icons that display operating status information, see “System
status indicator” on page 21.
Consult accompanying documents
Consult accompanying documents
Defibrillator protected, type BF patient
connection
Earth (ground)
Dangerous voltage
Negative input terminal
Altitude limit
Positive input terminal
Fragile
Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation
n
Stacking limit by number
n
LiMnO2
n%
Humidity limit
Keep away from rain
Temperature limits
Lithium Manganese Dioxide battery
This way up
Separate batteries from other disposables for recycling
Recycle the defibrillator and battery separately from other disposables (www.welchallyn.com/weee)
This device has been tested and certified by the Canadian Standards Association International to comply
with applicable U.S. and Canadian medical safety standards.
This device has been tested and certified by the Underwriters Laboratories to comply with applicable U.S.
and Canadian medical safety standards.
The CE Mark and Notified Body Registration Number signify the device has met all essential requirements
of European Medical Device Directive 93/42/EEC.
10
Safety
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
11
2
Introduction
This chapter provides an introduction to the Welch Allyn AED 10 system and presents an
overview of the Welch Allyn AED 10 controls, indicators, displays, and prompts. It also
provides instructions for getting the Welch Allyn AED 10 ready for use and preparing the
unit for storage.
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Qualified operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Getting the Welch Allyn AED 10 ready . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Unpacking and inspecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Welch Allyn AED 10 battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Installing the battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Running a self-test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Getting to know the Welch Allyn AED 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Functions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Text prompts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Voice prompts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
System status indicator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Infrared data port. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Event documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Preparing the Welch Allyn AED 10 for readiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Accessories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
12
Introduction
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Overview
The Welch Allyn AED 10 (automated external defibrillator) is a safe, easy-to-use
defibrillation device. The unit is lightweight and mobile and can be used in situations
where there could be several minutes before the arrival of advanced life support (ALS)
personnel.
The Welch Allyn AED 10 recognizes ventricular fibrillation and other ventricular tachycardia
and guides operators through the defibrillation process. When properly connected to a
patient who is unconscious, not breathing, and unresponsive (without signs of
circulation), the Welch Allyn AED 10 analyzes the patient’s heart rhythm, provides text and
audio instruction prompts, determines if a shockable situation exists, and, if appropriate,
automatically arms the Shock button.
The Welch Allyn AED 10 delivers the defibrillation shock through two self-adhesive, pregelled, low-impedance electrode defibrillation pads. The pads, cable, and connector are
sold as disposable kits.
Note
Although this User Manual refers to only the AED 10 automated external
defibrillator, the manual describes the operation of both the AED 10 and the
JumpStart automated external defibrillators configured with the software
indicated on the front of this manual.
Features
•
Two-button operation
•
Extensive voice and visual prompts for the operator
•
Continuous event recording for reporting each use to a printer or computer
•
Weekly self-test to ensure readiness
•
Biphasic energy output
•
Lock-out protection to prevent inadvertent defibrillation
•
Continuous surveillance of battery level
Qualified operators
The Welch Allyn AED 10 permits trained users to administer a brief electrical shock to
patients experiencing fibrillation or sudden cardiac arrest (SCA).
A qualified operator is someone who has successfully completed a CPR AED training
course (e.g., AHA Heartsaver course or equivalent course provided by an accredited
organization).
User Manual
Introduction
13
Getting the Welch Allyn AED 10 ready
Carefully unpack and inspect all the Welch Allyn AED 10 system components and
accessories. Install the battery. Verify that the self-test passes before putting the unit into
service. The device will perform an automatic self test upon being turned on.
Unpacking and inspecting
Visually inspect the carton for any signs of damage or mishandling (carton perforations,
cuts, or dents; bent or collapsed corners; or broken carton seal). Remove the Welch Allyn
AED 10 from the carton and inspect it carefully.
Before proceeding
1. Open and carefully unpack each carton.
2. Examine the instruments and accessories for signs of damage.
3. Check the packing list to determine that all accessories have been received.
4. Contact Welch Allyn (see page ii) if anything looks damaged or is missing.
Welch Allyn AED 10 battery
The Welch Allyn AED 10 uses a single, non-rechargeable Lithium (LiMNO2) battery pack,
which is specified to provide approximately 5 years of standby performance. Depending
on environmental conditions, patterns of use, and age, the Welch Allyn AED 10 batteries
will eventually begin to indicate a low battery condition. Activities such as frequently
turning on the device or leaving the device idle for an extended amount of time will
decrease the life of the battery and accelerate the timeframe for the Welch Allyn AED 10
indicating “Low Battery.”
Verifying readiness
To ensure the readiness of the Welch Allyn AED 10, it is important to respond immediately
to low battery status indicators — regardless of when they occur. In addition to the selftest performed by the device, the defibrillator should be visually inspected weekly or
monthly, depending on the frequency of its use. The “Operator’s checklist” on page 64
should be maintained according to the schedule outlined below.
Frequency of Use
Visual inspection schedule
Monthly
Weekly
Infrequent (i.e. once a year)
Monthly
Check the battery readiness by verifying the defibrillator’s status indicator, located to the
left of the device green power button, is in a “ready to use” state (solid black icon). If the
status indicator is flashing a red circle with a slash through it, this indicates a “Low
Battery” situation.
A “Low Battery” condition does not render the unit inoperable but does indicate that the
battery is beginning to weaken. Continue to use the defibrillator if connected to a patient
but replace the battery at the first opportunity before using it on another patient. If a solid
“red circle with slash” symbol appears, turn on the defibrillator and note the self-test
results.
14
Introduction
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
•
•
•
If the unit powers on and indicates a “Self-Test Failure,” immediately remove the
defibrillator from service and contact Welch Allyn.
If the Welch Allyn AED 10 will not power on, replace the battery as it may be drained.
Again, attempt to power on the defibrillator.
If the defibrillator successfully powers on and a “Self-Test Failure” is indicated, or if
the defibrillator will still not power on, immediately remove the defibrillator from
service and immediately contact Welch Allyn.
Best practices
Follow these recommendations to ensure readiness and lengthen use of an AED battery
before a “Low Battery” indication:
1. Rely solely on the device’s “status indicator” to identify the operational readiness of
the device rather than powering up the device. Only attempt to power up the device
after a solid red circle with a slash appears in the battery indicator as described in
“Verifying readiness” on page 13.
Solid black: Ready
Flashing red circle: Low battery
Solid red circle: Do not use
2. Always check the status indicator after each use and replace the battery at the first
opportunity if flashing. A low battery condition does not render the unit non-functional
but indicates the battery is beginning to weaken.
3. Always have a fully charged battery (backup) available for use.
4. Always replace the battery every 5 years due to degradation of battery chemistry.
5. Perform regular maintenance checks of your device to ensure it is ready when
needed.
Perform periodic visual inspections of your device on a weekly or monthly basis
depending on frequency of use (see “Maintenance” on page 59 for more
information). An “Operator’s checklist” on page 64 is also provided for your
convenience.
The following conditions will shorten or reduce battery life:
•
Turning on the Welch Allyn AED 10 in non-emergency situations.
Frequent device power ups to check the status of the device affect the life of the
battery. Battery capacity is diminished with every activation or “power up” of the
device. The device performs automatic self-tests on a weekly and monthly basis
to verify the readiness of your device, therefore additional power ups are not
required or recommended.
•
Temperature extremes.
Harsh use or storage temperatures, e.g. hot or cold environments, near to or
outside the specified operating limits (0° to 50° C) affect the life of the battery.
Battery capacity may also be diminished by other environmental extremes such
as high humidity (>95%), moisture (IPX4) and altitude extremes (<-150 to >4750
m).
User Manual
Introduction
15
Installing the battery
The Welch Allyn AED 10 uses an extended-life, lithium manganese dioxide nonrechargeable battery.
To install the battery
RA
LL
1
2
3
AED10
1. Disconnect the defibrillation cable from the AED 10.
2. Open the battery compartment (located near the bottom of the back of the AED 10)
by removing the black rubber feet and then sliding the battery cover back and off.
3. Locate the three battery contact pins in the bottom-right corner of the battery
compartment. Push the 3-pin battery connector firmly onto the contact pins. The
connector can be installed in either direction.
16
Introduction
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
4. Place the battery into the battery compartment and replace the battery cover. Slide
the cover on so that the screw holes are aligned.
5. Replace the black rubber feet.
6. Cycle power on by using the On/Off button.
7. Make sure the system status indicator (see page 21) in the center of the AED 10
indicates that the battery has sufficient charge. If the system status indicator displays
anything other than the Battery Ready icon, the Welch Allyn AED 10 is not ready for
use. See “Troubleshooting” on page 69.
System status indicator
RA
LL
1
2
3
AED10
Running a self-test
After installing the battery, the Welch Allyn AED 10 automatically powers up and performs
a self-test. At power-up, the following tests are performed: battery, main processor,
memory and program, stuck key, ECG acquisition system, and defibrillator.
User Manual
Introduction
17
Getting to know the Welch Allyn AED 10
The Welch Allyn AED 10 is an automated external defibrillation (AED) device. It features a
straightforward, three-step operating design that uses extensive voice and visual prompts
to assist the operator. With continuous ECG and event recording, the Welch Allyn AED 10
maintains a detailed log that can be reported directly to a computer or printer.
Functions
This describes the following Welch Allyn AED 10 features:
•
Controls
•
Display
•
Text prompts
•
Voice prompts
•
Icons
•
System status indicator
•
Infrared data port
•
Event documentation
Speaker
Defibrillation pads connector
System status indicator
RA
LL
On/off button
Menu selection soft keys
1
2
Shock button
3
Display
AED10
Infrared data port
18
Introduction
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Controls
The Welch Allyn AED 10 is designed for ease of operation. The operator performs this
simple three-step process:
1. Turn the power ON.
2. Follow text and voice prompts.
•
First, apply pads to patient’s bare chest.
•
Then, connect the cable to the AED 10.
3. If prompted, deliver shock by pressing the flashing red Shock button.
1
Power on
2
Text and voice prompts
3
Shock
RA
LL
1
2
3
AED10
Power ON/OFF
Green ON/OFF button to toggle system power on/off
Shock
Red Shock button to discharge defibrillator; red LED flashes
when defibrillator is fully charged
Menu selection
Two soft buttons located to the left of the display;
programmable functionality to make menu selections in
programming mode.
User Manual
Introduction
19
Display
Text prompts, patient data, and event information display on the liquid crystal display
(LCD) screen. The display is a backlit monochrome liquid crystal display (LCD) measuring
160 x 100 pixels. The display is divided into five functional areas. Operating information
and user instructions display in these areas.
RA
LL
1
2
3
AED10
Elapsed
time
Shocks
counter
Text
prompts
Status
Shocks counter
Displays the number of shocks administered to the current
patient.
Text prompts
Displays up to three lines of text (user instructions, directions for
patient care, error messages). See descriptions below.
Elapsed time
Displays the time elapsed since the system was powered ON, or
time used on current patient. The time format is HH:MM:SS.
Status
Displays various system status prompts, such as Charging and
Energy Delivered.
Graphical screen icons provide system operational information. The Welch Allyn AED 10
operator or supervisor can use a simple menu-driven structure to set charge protocols and
system configurations, set system operating parameters such as display contrast, and
select the language used for text and voice.
20
Introduction
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Text prompts
Text prompts provide operating information and instructions. The prompts display in the
lower half of the LCD above the status window.
ANALYZING
Defibrillator pads are properly connected and the system is
accessing the patient's heart rhythm.
ATTACH DEFIB PADS Attach the defibrillation pads according to the instructions
given on the package.
CHARGING
System is automatically charging the defibrillator to the
energy level pre-set in the shock protocol.
BEGIN CPR
Begin a CPR cycle.
MOTION DETECTED
System has detected movement of the defibrillation pads or
the patient as indicated by inconsistent data readings.
NO SHOCK ADVISED
System has analyzed the patient's heart rhythm and
determined that a shockable condition does not exist.
SHOCK ADVISED
System has analyzed the patient's heart rhythm and
determined that a shockable condition exists.
SHOCK NOW
Prepare to administer the shock.
STAND CLEAR
Defibrillator is charged and ready for shock. Do not touch or
move the patient.
Voice prompts
The Welch Allyn AED 10 voice prompt feature provides instructional prompts to guide the
user through the defibrillation process without relying solely on text prompts.
The Welch Allyn AED 10 provides audio instructions through the built-in speaker to provide
operating instruction and assist the user during defibrillation. The voice prompts listed in
the following table parallel the text and icon displays shown on the LCD.
Analyzing heart rhythm,
do not touch the patient
Defibrillator pads properly attached and connected;
assessing heart rhythm
Analyzing interrupted,
motion detected
Patient or defibrillation pads moved
Apply defib pads to
patient’s bare chest,
connect cable
(At unit power up) Attach defibrillation pads to the patient
and connect cables to the Welch Allyn AED 10
Apply defib pads,
connect cable
Defibrillator pads are not properly attached to the patient
or properly connected to the Welch Allyn AED 10
Begin CPR
Begin a CPR cycle.
Low battery
Low battery charge. Replace battery.
No shock advised
Shockable condition does not exist
Shock advised
Shockable condition exists
Shock now, press the red Push the red SHOCK button
button now
User Manual
Introduction
21
Stand clear
Defibrillator charged and ready to shock; do not touch or
move patient
Stop CPR
Stop CPR, wait for further instructions
It is safe to touch the
patient
Defibrillator shock has been delivered
Shock not delivered
Attempted shock did not deliver any energy to the patient
System status indicator
The system status indicator display, located in the center of the Welch Allyn AED 10,
represents the operational readiness of the battery.
System status indicator
RA
LL
1
2
3
AED10
Ready
Battery is properly installed, charged, and system is ready for use.
Do Not
Use
System is not ready for use. Battery may not be properly installed,
battery charge is too low for effective operation, or system failure.
Flashing
Battery is low and requires changing.
Note
The flashing low battery status indicator means that the battery is beginning to
weaken and should be replaced at the first opportunity. The AED 10 remains
operable when the flashing low battery is activated, and it can be used on a
patient in this condition or continued in use when connected to a patient if the
low battery indicator activates. Replace the battery as soon as possible.
Note
If the AED 10 is subjected to cold temperatures near or outside of its low
temperature operating limit of 32° F (0° C), the low battery status indicator may
be triggered even with a new battery. The low battery indicator caused by cold
temperature may cease when the device is warmed. Discharging the device to
defibrillate a patient may cause sufficient warming to eliminate the low battery
indicator or cause it to be intermittent.
22
Introduction
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Infrared data port
The built-in Infrared Data Port provides a wireless connection to the Welch Allyn IRDA
device. (See “Event documentation”, below, for details.)
RA
LL
1
2
3
Infrared data port
AED10
Event documentation
The Welch Allyn AED 10 stores event documentation including patient status, ECG traces,
and treatment summary. The information is stored in an internal log. Event
documentation is time stamped and can be downloaded to a computer and printed
through the infrared data port on the Welch Allyn AED 10. The AED 10 IR communication
kit with Smartlink Lite Software (002143) or AED 10 Communication Kit with Smartlink
Event Pro Software (002169-E) is required to produce an event report.
User Manual
Introduction
23
Preparing the Welch Allyn AED 10 for readiness
After each use, any rescue event documentation should be retrieved from the internal log
and printed. Error messages or malfunctions should be reported and corrective actions
taken before redeploying the device. The Welch Allyn AED 10 should be inspected and
cleaned in accordance with recommendations in this User Manual (see “Maintenance”
on page 59). Used defibrillation pads should be removed from the device and replaced
with new defibrillation pads. Check battery readiness by verifying that the AED 10 status
indicator, located to the left of the green power button, is in a “ready to use” state ( ). If
the status indicator is flashing a red circle with a slash through it (
), this indicates a
“Low Battery” situation. Replace battery with a new battery pack before redeploying
device.
Note
Do not open the sealed defibrillation pad pouch until the pads are ready to be
used.
Note
To remove the pads, pull the wire connector upward from the device.
Note
DO NOT REUSE PADS.
Store a new set of defibrillation pads in the carrying case electrode storage pocket —
located on the inside flap of the AED 10 carrying case. Spare pads can be stored in the
exterior pocket of the carrying case. Make sure the pad expiration date can be viewed
through the pad window of the carrying case. When preparing your device for readiness,
be sure the status indicator is visible through the round window of the carrying case.
While in standby, the Welch Allyn AED 10 automatically performs periodic self-tests
including the functionality of the unit and the status of the battery and internal circuitry. A
periodic visual inspection of your device should be performed on a weekly or monthly
basis, but should not include turning on the device since that will deplete the battery. See
“Maintenance” on page 59 for more information.
24
Introduction
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Parts List
Accessories
Part Number
Part
Notes
00185-2
Welch Allyn Battery Pack
Non-rechargeable LiMnO2 battery
90043-2
AED 10 Heart Logo Carrying Case with pad expiration
date windows, AED status indicator window and EMS
info card
Includes storage area for supplies such as
spare pads / batteries, prep kit and pediatric
energy reducer (acquired separately)
00185-3
Welch Allyn Multipurpose Defibrillation Pads, One Pair
001855-U
Welch Allyn Multipurpose Defibrillation Pads, 10 pair
980150-E
Welch Allyn AED 10 Trainer with IR Remote Control,
Training Pads and Carrying Case
001857-E
Pre-Attached Defibrillation Pads (1 pouch/2 pads)
Pads sealed in pouch with cable exposed
001858-E
Pre-Attached Defibrillation Pads (1 box/10 pair)
Pads sealed in pouch with cable exposed
002173-U
AED 10 Pediatric Energy Reducer (002168-U), carrying
pouch and instructions for use
For use with AED 10 devices only
00213-7
Welch Allyn First Responder AED Prep Kit
00214-3
SmartLink Lite AED 10 IR Communications Kit
002169-E
SmartLink Event Pro AED 10 IR Communications Kit
Additional supplies and accessories are available for your device. Contact your local Welch
Allyn representative or authorized distributor for more information.
25
3
Using the defibrillator
This chapter provides information for using the Welch Allyn AED 10 with a patient. It also
provides the instructions for operating the Welch Allyn AED 10 in automated or manual
mode and describes the procedures to follow after using the unit.
Caution Read the Safety section at the beginning of this manual before
proceeding with this chapter.
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Trained operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Fibrillation and defibrillation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Indications and contraindications for use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Operating procedures — Quick reference. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Assess the patient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Start the Welch Allyn AED 10 and deliver a shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Begin CPR — Start with chest compressions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Operating procedures — Detailed information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Assess the patient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Start the Welch Allyn AED 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Apply defibrillation pads to the patient’s bare chest and connect cable . . . . . . . . . . 29
Analyze the patient’s heart rhythm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Deliver shock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Defibrillator disarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Check the patient’s condition and perform CPR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Shock mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Post-use procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Working with the internal log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Transmitting the internal log via the infrared data port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Storing the Welch Allyn AED 10 for reuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
26
Using the defibrillator
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Overview
The Welch Allyn AED 10 is capable of operating in an automated mode. In this mode, the
operator must be trained to use the unit and understand the indications and
contraindications for use.
Trained operators
The Welch Allyn AED 10 is intended to treat patients in cardiopulmonary arrest. It is for
use in either in-hospital or out-of-hospital arrests. It is intended that the operator is
authorized by a physician/medical director, and has the following training skills:
•
American Heart Association Heartsaver course, American Red Cross CPR/AED
course, NSC CPR and Rescuer Course, or equivalent.
•
Training in the use of the Welch Allyn AED 10.
Fibrillation and defibrillation
Ordinarily the heart produces regular electrical activity—normal sinus rhythm (NSR).
Fibrillation is an abnormal heart rhythm that replaces the normal rhythmic contraction of
the heart. During fibrillation, irregular cardiac electrical activity causes rapid,
uncoordinated twitching movements. As a result, the heart cannot pump blood effectively
causing a lack of appropriate circulation and pulse.
Defibrillation is the delivery of a brief, high-energy pulse of electricity to the heart muscle
using a device called a defibrillator. Early defibrillation increases the potential to restore
the normal cardiac electrical activity and allow the heart's natural pacemaker areas to
regain normal function.
The Welch Allyn AED 10, using direct current, applies a brief, high-energy pulse of
electricity to the heart to counteract fibrillation of the heart muscle and restore a normal
heartbeat.
The Welch Allyn AED 10 will only administer a defibrillation pulse to a patient exhibiting a
shockable cardiac rhythm. Shockable rhythms are described in “Rhythm recognition
performance” on page 81. All other rhythms are determined “non-shockable” and the
patient is not a candidate for defibrillation. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR),
medication, and supplemental oxygen may also be required to effectively resuscitate the
patient.
User Manual
Using the defibrillator
27
Indications and contraindications for use
Once the Welch Allyn AED 10 is connected via the defibrillation pads to the patient, the
instrument assesses the patient’s cardiac status and indicates whether the patient is a
candidate for defibrillation. The Welch Allyn AED 10 will only administer a defibrillation
pulse (shock) to a patient exhibiting a shockable cardiac rhythm. All other rhythms are nonshockable and the patient is not a candidate for defibrillation. Cardiopulmonary
resuscitation (CPR), medication, and supplemental oxygen may also be required to
effectively resuscitate a patient. This defibrillator should not be used on patients less than
8 years old or under 25kg (55lbs), unless it is equipped with the accessory AED 10
Pediatric Energy Reducer (Welch Allyn 002173-U).
Defibrillation may be effective against cardiac arrhythmias such as:
•
Cardiac arrest
•
Ventricular fibrillation
•
Ventricular tachycardia
•
Other cardiac rhythms with ventricular rates equal to or greater than 160 beats
per minute and amplitudes of at least 0.099 millivolts (mV)
Note
The Welch Allyn AED 10 has not been evaluated for cardioversion of atrial
fibrillation.
Indications
Prior to using the Welch Allyn AED 10, the patient should be assessed by a trained
person. See “Trained operators” on page 26. If defibrillation with the Welch Allyn AED 10
is indicated, all of the following signs should be present during patient assessment:
•
Unconsciousness
•
Absence of breathing
•
Unresponsiveness (no signs of circulation)
Contraindications
The Welch Allyn AED 10 should NOT be used if the patient exhibits any of the following
signs:
•
Patient is conscious
•
Patient is breathing
•
Patient is responsive (has signs of circulation)
28
Using the defibrillator
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Operating procedures — Quick reference
The following instructions provide an experienced operator with the main steps for using
the Welch Allyn AED 10. Detailed operating information and procedures are provided in
“Operating procedures — Detailed information” on page 29. Users should refer to the
Quick Reference Guide included with the Welch Allyn AED 10.
Assess the patient
Verify that the patient is unconscious, is not breathing, and unresponsive (has no signs of
circulation). Even if the victim takes occasional gasps, rescuers should suspect that
cardiac arrest has occurred. Proceed with treatment.
Start the Welch Allyn AED 10 and deliver a shock
1. Push the green ON/OFF button located at the upper right corner of the Welch Allyn
AED 10 next to the large number “1.”
2. Listen to voice prompts and read text instructions on the screen next to the large
number “2.”
•
First, apply pads to patient’s bare chest.
•
Then, connect the cable to the AED 10.
3. If prompted, press the red Shock button next to the large number “3.”
Begin CPR — Start with chest compressions
User Manual
Using the defibrillator
29
Operating procedures — Detailed information
The Quick Reference operating procedure in the preceding subsection provides the main
steps for operating the Welch Allyn AED 10:
1. Assess the Patient.
2. Start the Welch Allyn AED 10.
3. Apply Defibrillation Pads to the Patient’s Bare Chest and Connect Cable.
4. Analyze the Patient’s Heart Rhythm.
5. Deliver the Shock (if prompted, press the red button).
6. Perform CPR.
For each step, detailed operating information or procedures follow.
Assess the patient
Before using the Welch Allyn AED 10, assess the patient’s condition. Use the unit only if
all of the following patient signs are present:
•
Unconsciousness
•
Absence of breathing
•
Unresponsiveness (no signs of circulation)
Start the Welch Allyn AED 10
Push the green ON/OFF button next to the large number “1” to power on the Welch Allyn
AED 10.
ON/OFF button
RA
LL
1
2
3
AED10
Apply defibrillation pads to the patient’s bare chest and connect cable
For defibrillation to be effective, it is important to correctly place the pads on the patient
and connect the defibrillation pads to the Welch Allyn AED 10.
Before applying pads to the patient’s chest be sure to:
•
Remove all clothing covering chest
•
Wipe off any water, moisture, or perspiration
•
Press the pads firmly to make sure they adhere securely to the chest.
30
Using the defibrillator
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Note
To remove pads, pull the wire upward from the device.
Note
DO NOT REUSE PADS.
WARNING Excessive body hair may affect the operation of the defibrillation
pads or cause skin burns on the patient. Remove body hair as needed to ensure
that the defibrillation pads make proper contact with the patient's chest.
To attach defibrillation pads and connect the cable
1. Open the package containing the defibrillation pads and cable.
2. Peel off the backing from the defibrillation pad labeled RA. Place this pad just below
the patient’s right collarbone (sternum) as illustrated on the AED 10 pad placement
illustration.
RA
LL
3. Peel off the backing from the defibrillation pad labeled LL. Place this pad over the ribs
on the patient’s left side below the breast (apex) as depicted on the pad placement
illustration.
4. Plug the pad connector into the Welch Allyn AED 10 on the left side of the unit.
Connect the cable
from the defib pads
RA
LL
1
2
3
AED10
Note
If the pads are not properly applied or if the cable is not properly connected to the
Welch Allyn AED 10, it will alert the user with text and voice.
“Apply defibrillation pads to the patient’s bare chest. Connect cable.”
User Manual
Using the defibrillator
31
Analyze the patient’s heart rhythm
When the pads are properly applied and connected, the Welch Allyn AED 10 announces
and then automatically analyzes the patient’s heart rhythm to determine if a shock is
indicated.
“Analyzing heart rhythm. Do not touch the patient.”
Caution Do not touch or move the patient while the Welch Allyn AED 10 is
analyzing the heart rhythm.
Rhythm analysis takes approximately 8 to 16 seconds. During this time, any movement,
including CPR and patient transport, may interrupt analysis and delay the defibrillation
prompts. Text and voice prompt will alert user if patient or defibrillation pads move:
“Analyzing interrupted. Motion detected.”
Deliver shock
The Welch Allyn AED 10 will only administer a shock to a patient exhibiting a shockable
cardiac rhythm. All other rhythms are determined “non-shockable” and therefore the
patient is not a candidate for defibrillation.
If it is not a shockable condition, the Welch Allyn AED 10 alerts the user with text and
voice.
“No shock advised.”
If a shockable condition is detected, the Welch Allyn AED 10 alerts the user with text and
voice.
“Shock advised.”
To deliver a shock
1. Make sure the Shock button next to the large number “3” is flashing. This indicates
that the unit is properly charged.
WARNING Make sure no one is touching the patient before you press the Shock
button. Loudly announce, “Stand back! Do not touch the patient.” and look
down the entire length of the patient to ensure there is no contact with a
bystander or conductive surface before pressing the Shock button.
“Stand clear.”
“Shock now. Press the red button now.”
2. Press Shock to deliver a shock.
32
Using the defibrillator
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
RA
LL
1
2
Shock button
3
AED10
Note
The Welch Allyn AED 10 does not allow the operator to charge or discharge the
defibrillator unless a shockable rhythm is detected.
After delivering a shock, the Welch Allyn AED 10 prompts for immediate CPR.
Note
In the 3-shock cycle configuration, the AED 10 continues to analyze the heart
rhythm and determine whether additional shocks are indicated.
User Manual
Using the defibrillator
33
Defibrillator disarm
If the defibrillator is charged and the Shock button is not pressed, the Welch Allyn AED 10
must be disarmed.
•
The defibrillator discharges automatically in 30 seconds. After 25 seconds, a warning
tone indicates that the defibrillator will disarm automatically.
•
The operator can press the ON/OFF button and turn off the defibrillator.
Check the patient’s condition and perform CPR
If the heart rhythm is not treatable with defibrillation, the Welch Allyn AED 10 displays and
announces the message No Shock Advised.
“No shock advised.”
The Welch Allyn AED 10 will direct the operator to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation
(CPR) to effectively resuscitate the patient.
“Begin CPR.”
Perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in accordance with the procedures and
techniques presented in your CPR training.
In the 3-shock mode configurations, the Welch Allyn AED 10 can be configured to
suspend the heart rhythm analysis during the CPR interval (3-Shock/CPR) or provide a
background heart rhythm analysis during CPR (3-Shock/Analyze).
34
Using the defibrillator
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Shock mode
The Welch Allyn AED 10 can be configured in one of three rescue modes:
1 Shock/CPR
(Factory preset). During a shockable event, the AED 10 will deliver one shock followed by
a cycle of CPR. A CPR cycle will begin immediately after the delivery of a defibrillation
shock or after a non-shockable event. During the CPR cycle, the Welch Allyn AED 10 will
suspend patient heart rhythm analysis — promoting an uninterrupted cycle of CPR.
3 Shock/CPR
(Traditional three shock sequence). During a shockable event, the AED 10 will deliver one
shock followed by an immediate analysis of the patient’s heart rhythm. After delivering a
shock, the Welch Allyn AED 10 continues to analyze the heart rhythm and determines
whether additional shocks are indicated. The CPR cycle begins after a “No Shock
Advised” prompt or after delivering three consecutive shocks. During the CPR cycle, the
Welch Allyn AED 10 will suspend patient heart rhythm analysis — promoting a complete
and uninterrupted cycle of CPR.
3 Shock/Analyze
Like the “3 shock/CPR” mode, the AED 10 will deliver one shock followed by an
immediate analysis of the patient’s heart rhythm while in a shockable event. The AED 10
will also continue to analyze the heart rhythm and determine whether additional shocks
are indicated. The CPR cycle begins after a “No Shock Advised” prompt or after delivering
the third shock.
However, during the CPR cycle the Welch Allyn AED 10 will continue to analyze the
patient heart rhythm. Should the Welch Allyn AED 10 detect the presence of a shockable
rhythm during the CPR cycle, the user will be prompted to stop CPR. The AED 10 will
analyze patient heart rhythm and if need, prompt the user to deliver a shock. A “No Shock
Advised” text prompt will continue to flash on the display — accompanied by an audible
tone every minute until a shockable rhythm is detected.
User Manual
Using the defibrillator
35
Post-use procedures
Working with the internal log
After each use, the Welch Allyn AED 10 internal log can be downloaded to a PC via the
infrared data port. Reports can be generated with one of two Welch Allyn communication
kits: SmartLink Lite software and SmartLink Event Pro software.
The SmartLink Lite communication kit can be used to produce a hardcopy report from
your desktop printer using your Windows based PC. SmartLink Event Pro provides
expanded features such as patient treatment data review, ECG traces, analysis results,
CPR information, and an EMT-D Narrative Report template. Reports can be saved, printed,
and sent via e-mail.
36
Using the defibrillator
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Transmitting the internal log via the infrared data port
Transmitting data via the infrared data port is fast and easy. Using the Welch Allyn AED 10
Infrared Communications Kit (Part No. 00214-3), simply connect the infrared adapter cable
to a PC serial communication port. Next, align the infrared adapter to the infrared data
port on the AED 10.
RA
LL
1
2
3
Infrared data port
AED10
Infrared adapter
To PC serial port
Note
Keep the infrared data port and adapter cable roughly 6 to 10 inches apart.
Note
The bit rate of the AED 10 must be the same as the bit rate set in SmartLink to
transfer the log. Refer to “Setting the bit rate” on page 56.
Start the SmartLink program on the PC and access the AED 10 main menu by holding
down the lower menu soft key while powering on the unit. Select the Log Menu and then
select “Smartlink.” The “Smartlink” selection flashes during data transfer.
Note
See “Setting up the internal log” on page 46 and “Transmitting or clearing the
internal log” on page 45 for more information.
The Welch Allyn AED 10 also stores a service log used for keeping track of system
information. If any error messages or malfunctions occur, the service log can be
transferred to SmartLink and then sent to Welch Allyn service technicians for review. The
internal log retains its data after transmitting to the PC and may contain data from multiple
incidents. Therefore, it is recommended that the user clear the internal log after
successfully transferring its contents. Any error messages or malfunctions should be
reported and corrective actions taken before storing the unit for reuse.
User Manual
Using the defibrillator
37
Storing the Welch Allyn AED 10 for reuse
After each use, the Welch Allyn AED 10 should be inspected and cleaned, with a new
supply of defibrillation pads restocked to prepare the unit for its next use. Any event
documentation should be retrieved from the internal log and printed.
Note
When using the Welch Allyn AED 10 carrying case, store new defibrillation pads
to ensure proper viewing of the system status indicator.
During storage, the Welch Allyn AED 10 performs periodic self-tests including the
functionality of the unit and the status of the battery and internal circuitry. A more detailed
test of defibrillator operation and battery status should be performed on a regular basis.
See “Maintenance” on page 59 for more information.
38
Using the defibrillator
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
39
4
Programming
This chapter explains how to set the basic system operating options through the Main
Menu. It also provides information on accessing and setting the advanced system
operating options using the Supervisor Menu.
Menu structure diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Menu structure overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Accessing the Main Menu from startup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Main Menu selections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Main Menu structure overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Adjusting the volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Adjusting the contrast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Setting the date. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Setting the time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Transmitting or clearing the internal log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Setting up the internal log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Supervisor Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Supervisor Menu structure overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Accessing the Supervisor Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Supervisor Menu items. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Setting the CPR timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Setting the CPR tempo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Selecting a language (software revision 2.0 and later) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Setting the energy protocol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Setting the shock mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Changing the supervisor password. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Restoring the factory default settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Setting the Unit ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Setting the department name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Setting the bit rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Utility Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
40
Programming
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Menu structure diagram
Main Menu
Volume
Contrast
Soft keys for
menu selection
Next
Date
Time
User-selectable
options
Log
Enter
Supervisor
Menu structure overview
The operating options are available to the operator through a simple menu structure. The
basic system operating options are accessed through the Main Menu. The advanced
system operating options are accessed through the Supervisor Menu.
Accessing the Main Menu from startup
To access the Main Menu, hold down the lower Enter soft key and press the power
button to turn on the defibrillator. A menu similar to the above diagram will appear on the
left side of the LCD display. Although unlabeled on the front panel/decal of the AED 10,
the display will turn on and identify the keys while in menu mode. To exit, shut off power.
Use the Next soft key on the left side of the LCD display to move from one menu
selection to the next. The selected menu item is highlighted by a dark box. Press the
Enter button to select the highlighted menu item.
Main Menu
Volume
Contrast
Next
Date
Time
Log
Enter
Supervisor
User Manual
Programming
41
Main Menu selections
Volume
Adjust the volume level.
Contrast
Adjust the LCD contrast.
Date
Display the current date; set and save the date (month, day, year).
Time
Display the current time; set and save the time (hour, minute).
Log
Allows the user to:
1. Clear the existing event log, or
2. Setup the infrared port to transfer the log to the WA SmartLink
tools.
Supervisor
Enter the password code, using the buttons below the Menu Bar, to
display the selections.
For each menu item selected, the corresponding options replace the Main Menu on the
left side of the LCD display.
If Supervisor is selected, the user must enter the correct supervisor password to enter
the Supervisor Menu selection screen.
Main Menu structure overview
Main Menu
Volume
Volume
Contrast
Contrast
0 through 4
1 through 3
Save
Cancel
Cancel
Date
Date
Time
Month
Log
Day
Supervisor
2002-2040
Save
Cancel
Time
Log
Hours: HH
Password
Smartlink
Minutes: MM
000
Setup
Save
Save
Clear Log
Cancel
Cancel
Back
Save
42
Programming
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Adjusting the volume
The volume of the voice prompts through the Welch Allyn AED 10 speaker can be
adjusted. There are three preset volume levels available. Use the volume screen and the
menu selection button below the menu bar to change the volume of the voice prompts.
Main Menu
Volume
Volume
Volume
Volume
Contrast
1
2
2
Date
Save
Save
Save
Time
Cancel
Cancel
Cancel
Log
Supervisor
To adjust the volume
1. Access the Main Menu. Select Volume to display the Volume Menu.
2. Press the Next soft key to change the volume level. As sound volume values are
selected, the sound volume will change immediately and a “Beep” sound will be
heard.
3. Highlight Save by pressing Enter after the desired volume level has been selected.
Press the Enter soft key again to confirm the change and return to Main Menu.
4. To leave the volume at its original level, press Next when the Save box is highlighted
to select the Cancel box. Press the Enter soft key to return to the Main Menu.
User Manual
Programming
43
Adjusting the contrast
The contrast of the Welch Allyn AED 10 liquid crystal display can be adjusted. There are
five pre-set contrast levels available. Use the Contrast Menu and the Next and Enter soft
keys to change the LCD contrast.
Main Menu
Volume
Contrast
Contrast
Contrast
Contrast
2
3
3
Date
Time
Save
Cancel
Save
Save
Cancel
Cancel
Log
Supervisor
To adjust the LCD contrast
1. Access the Main Menu. Select Contrast to display the Contrast Menu.
2. Press the Next soft key to change the contrast of the LCD. The display contrast will
change as the displayed value is incremented.
3. Highlight Save by pressing Enter after the desired contrast has been selected. Press
the Enter soft key again to confirm the change and return to the Main Menu.
4. To leave the contrast at its original level, press Next when the Save box is highlighted
to select the Cancel box. Press the Enter soft key to return to the Main Menu.
Setting the date
Use the Date Menu to change the date. Use the Next and Enter soft keys to change the
date displayed.
Main Menu
Volume
Contrast
Date
Date
January
February
Date
1
1
Time
Log
2002
2002
Save
Save
Supervisor
Cancel
Cancel
Date
February
1
2002
Save
Cancel
To set a new date
1. Access the Main Menu. Select Date and display the Date Menu.
2. Highlight a field (month, day or year) by using the Enter soft key. Press the Next soft
key to change the value of the field.
3. Highlight Save by pressing Enter after the desired date has been selected. Press the
Enter soft key again to confirm the change and return to the Main Menu.
4. To leave the date as it was originally, press Next when the Save box is highlighted to
select the Cancel box. Press the Enter soft key to return to the Main Menu.
Note
Setting the date begins a new patient record in the entry log.
44
Programming
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Setting the time
The Welch Allyn AED 10 time-stamps events and saves them to the internal log. A 24hour clock is used for time displays (e.g., 15:30 is used for 3:30 p.m.). Use the Time Menu
and the Next and Enter soft keys to change the hours and minutes.
Main Menu
Volume
Time
Time
Time
Contrast
12
15
15
Date
00
30
30
Time
Save
Save
Save
Log
Cancel
Cancel
Cancel
Supervisor
To set a new time
1. Access the Main Menu. Select Time to display the Time Menu.
2. Highlight a field (hours or minutes) by using the Enter soft key. Press the Next soft
key to change the value of the field.
3. Highlight Save by pressing Enter after the desired time has been selected. Press the
Enter soft key again to confirm the change and return to the Main Menu.
4. To leave the time as it was originally, press Next when the Save box is highlighted to
select the Cancel box. Press the Enter soft key to return to the Main Menu.
Note
Setting the time forces a new patient into the entry log.
User Manual
Programming
45
Transmitting or clearing the internal log
A complete treatment summary including time-stamped status events, records of
analysis results and pre- and post-shock ECG samples are stored in the internal log. This
information can be transferred to a personal computer via the AED 10’s infrared data port.
Also, this data can be cleared from the log. See “Working with the internal log” on
page 35 for detailed information on Log functionality.
Main Menu
Log
Volume
Smartlink
Contrast
Setup
Date
Clear
Time
Back
Selection will
blink during
transmit process
Log
Supervisor
To transmit information stored in the log
1. Access the Main Menu. Select Log to display the Log Menu.
2. Transmit or clear the Log by using the Next soft key to select the desired action.
Press the Enter soft key to take that action. The selection will blink during this
process, then the main menu will reappear.
3. To exit to the Main Menu and not transmit or clear the log, use the Next soft key to
highlight Cancel. Press Enter to return to the Main Menu.
46
Programming
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Setting up the internal log
The Welch Allyn AED 10 has two modes of transmitting the internal log to a PC. Both
methods utilize the infrared data port located on the front of the unit. To select which
method to use, the user must access the Log: Setup Menu.
Main Menu
Log
Setup
Setup
Volume
Smartlink
Smartlink
Service
Contrast
Setup
Save
Save
Date
Clear
Cancel
Cancel
Time
Back
Log
Supervisor
To change transmit mode
1. Access the Main Menu. Select Log to display the Log Menu.
2. Press the Next soft key to highlight Set Up. Press the Enter soft key to display the
Log: Setup Menu.
3. Press the Next soft key to change the transmit mode.
If using the SmartLink program, select SmartLink.
If transferring the service log, select Service. (See “Working with the internal log” on
page 35 for more information.)
4. Highlight the Save box and press Enter to save the changes and return to the Log
Menu.
5. To leave the transmit mode as it was originally, highlight the Cancel box and press
Enter to return to the Log Menu.
User Manual
Programming
Supervisor Menu
Supervisor Menu structure overview
Supervisor
CPR
CPR
Language
CPR Timer
CPR Timer
CPR Tempo
Protocol
Back
15/30/60/90/120/
150/180
Shock Mode
Save
Program
Cancel
Language
More
Energy
Language
CPR Tempo
150/200
Save
150/200/300
Cancel
90/95/100/105/110/
115/120/Disable
Back
Main Menu
Save
150/200/300/360
Save
Cancel
Cancel
Shock Mode
Program
Supervisor Menu
Restore Defaults
Yes
Unit ID
Cancel
1 Shock CPR/
3 Shock CPR/
3 Shock Analyze
Save
Dept
Change Code
Restore Defaults
Bit Rate
Yes
Utility
Cancel
Unit ID
Back
Dept
Utility
Change Code
Save
Cancel
Code
Save
Back
Save
Cancel
Cancel
Save
Cancel
Unit ID
Dept Name
System Test
Bit Rate
Current BPS
Cancel
47
48
Programming
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Accessing the Supervisor Menu
The Supervisor Menu is accessed from the Main Menu.
Main Menu
Password
Password
Supervisor
Volume
000
123
CPR
Contrast
Save
Save
Language
Date
Cancel
Cancel
Protocol
Time
Shock Mode
Log
Program
Supervisor
More
Back
To access the Supervisor Menu
1. While in the Main Menu, press the Next soft key to highlight Supervisor, and then
press the Enter soft key to go to the Password Menu.
2. Enter the Password by using Next to scroll to the appropriate number and use Enter
to shift to the next digit. After the third number has been selected, highlight Save by
pressing Enter.
3. Press Enter again while in the Save box. If the password is correct, the Supervisor
Menu will appear. If the password is incorrect, the Main Menu will appear.
4. To exit the Password prompt, press Next when the Save box is highlighted to select
the Cancel box. Press the Enter soft key to return to the Main Menu.
Note
The default supervisor password is 1 2 3.
User Manual
Programming
49
Supervisor Menu items
Supervisor (1)
Supervisor Menu
CPR
Restore Defaults
Language
Unit ID
Protocol
Dept
Shock Mode
Change Code
Program
Bit Rate
More
Utility
Back
Back
CPR
Set the value for CPR Timer and/or CPR Tempo.
Language
Select text and audio language. The Welch Allyn AED 10 will
reboot into automated mode to activate selected language.
Protocol
Select the energy level protocol. Default protocol is 200, 300,
360 Joules.
Shock Mode
Selects among 1 Shock CPR (default), 3 Shock CPR, or 3 Shock
Analyze mode.
Program
Allows the user to update to the current version of Welch Allyn
AED 10 software via the infrared port.
Restore Defaults
Reset the Welch Allyn AED 10 options to factory defaults.
Unit ID
Set the Welch Allyn AED 10’s Unit ID.
Dept
Set the Welch Allyn AED 10’s Department Name.
Change Code
Set supervisor password numbers.
Bit Rate
Allows the user to change the bit rate of the infrared port.
Utility
Opens the Utility Menu
50
Programming
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Setting the CPR timer
The CPR timer begins if a “No Shock Advised” decision is made to time the appropriate
length that CPR should be performed.
CPR Timer
CPR Timer
120
150
CPR Timer
150
Save
Save
Save
Cancel
Cancel
Cancel
To set the CPR timer
1. Access the Supervisor Menu screen. Highlight CPR and press Enter. Select CPR
Timer to display the CPR Timer Menu.
2. Press the Next soft key to scroll through CPR timer lengths.
3. Highlight Save by pressing Enter after the desired time has been selected. Press the
Enter soft key again to confirm the change and return to the CPR Menu.
4. To leave the time as it was originally, press Next when the Save box is highlighted to
select the Cancel box. Press the Enter soft key to return to the CPR Menu.
Note
Available CPR timer values are 15, 30, 60, 90, 120 (default), 150, and 180 seconds.
Setting the CPR tempo
The CPR Tempo is the rate at which a tone plays when the CPR Timer is running.
CPR Tempo
CPR Tempo
CPR Tempo
100
105
105
Save
Save
Save
Cancel
Cancel
Cancel
To set the CPR tempo
1. Access the Supervisor Menu screen. Highlight CPR and press Enter. Select CPR
Tempo to display the CPR Tempo Menu.
2. Press the Next soft key to scroll through CPR tempo values.
3. Highlight Save by pressing Enter after the desired tempo has been selected. Press
the Enter soft key again to confirm the change and return to the CPR Menu.
4. To leave the tempo as it was originally, press Next when the Save box is highlighted
to select the Cancel box. Press the Enter soft key to return to the CPR Menu.
Note
Available CPR tempo values are 90, 95, 100 (default), 105, 110, 115, 120, and
Disable.
User Manual
Programming
51
Selecting a language (software revision 2.0 and later)
The language used for text on icons, screen displays, and voice prompts can be changed
on the Welch Allyn AED 10.
Language
Language
Language
English
Français
Français
Save
Save
Save
Cancel
Cancel
Cancel
Reboot
To select a different language
1. Access the Supervisor Menu. Select Language to display the Language Menu.
2. Press the Next soft key until the desired language is displayed.
3. Highlight Save by pressing Enter after the desired language has been selected. Press
the Enter soft key again to confirm the change.
4. To leave the language as it was originally, press Next when the Save box is
highlighted to select the Cancel box. Press the Enter soft key to return to the
Supervisor Menu.
Note
Changing the language will cause the AED 10 to reboot into automated mode.
52
Programming
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Setting the energy protocol
The Welch Allyn AED 10 energy protocol provides a sequence of three defibrillator shocks.
The default protocol setting is 200 Joules, 300 Joules, and 360 Joules for the first,
second, and third shocks, respectively. However, the energy level for each shock is
changeable.
Energy
Energy
Energy
200
200
200
200
300
300
360
360
Save
Save
360
Save
Cancel
Cancel
Cancel
To set a new energy protocol
1. Access the Supervisor Menu. Select Protocol to display the Protocol Menu.
2. Highlight a field (first, second, or third shock) by using the Enter soft key. Press the
Next soft key to change the value of the energy for that shock.
3. Highlight Save by pressing Enter after the desired energies have been selected.
Press Enter again to confirm the change and return to the Supervisor Menu.
4. To leave the energy protocol as it was originally, press Next when the Save box is
highlighted to select the Cancel box. Press Enter to return to the Supervisor Menu.
Selectable Shock Energies for 3-Shock Protocol
First Shock
Second Shock
Third Shock
150 J
150 J
150 J
200 J
200 J
200 J
300 J
300 J
360 J
User Manual
Programming
53
Setting the shock mode
The Welch Allyn AED 10 allows to choose from 3 different shock modes. These modes
are 1 Shock CPR (goes into CPR mode after every shock), 3 Shock CPR (goes into CPR
mode after every 3 shocks), and 3 Shock Analyze (for a non-shockable heart rhythm,
continuously analyzes in the background).
Shock Mode
Shock Mode
Shock Mode
1 Shock CPR
3 Shock CPR
3 Shock CPR
Save
Save
Save
Cancel
Cancel
Cancel
To set shock mode
1. Access the Supervisor Menu screen. Select Shock Mode to display the Shock
Mode Menu.
2. Press the Next soft key to select different mode.
3. Highlight Save by pressing Enter after the desired selection has been made. Press
the Enter soft key again to confirm the change and return to the Supervisor Menu.
4. To leave the selection as it was originally, press Next when the Save box is
highlighted to select the Cancel box. Press the Enter soft key to return to the
Supervisor Menu.
Changing the supervisor password
Access to the Supervisor Menu is protected by a password. The supervisor can change
this password.
Change Code
Change Code
000
Save
321
Save
Cancel
Cancel
To change the supervisor password
1. While in the Supervisor Menu, press the Next soft key to highlight Change Code,
then press the Enter soft key to go to the Change Code Menu.
2. Enter the desired new Password by using Next to scroll to the appropriate number
and use Enter to shift to the next digit. After the third number has been selected,
highlight Save by pressing Enter.
3. Press Enter again while in the Save box to save the new password.
4. To exit the Change Code prompt without changing the password, press Next when
the Save box is highlighted to select the Cancel box. Press the Enter soft key to
return to the Supervisor Menu.
54
Programming
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Restoring the factory default settings
The Welch Allyn AED 10 has the option to revert all user-configurable settings back to the
original factory settings. Using this option completely erases all settings, including
language, which may have been set by the supervisor.
Restore Defaults
Yes
Cancel
To restore factory defaults
1. Access the Supervisor Menu. Select Restore Defaults to display the Restore
Defaults Menu.
2. The Yes box will be highlighted. To restore defaults, press Enter.
3. To not restore defaults, press Next to highlight Cancel. Press Enter to return to the
Supervisor Menu.
Table 1. Factory default settings
Parameter
Default setting
Volume
3
Password
123
CPR Timer
120
Language
English US
First energy protocol
200
Second energy protocol
300
Third energy protocol
360
Self test counter
0
ECG Counter
0
LOG setup
SmartLink
CPR tempo
100
Shock counter
0
Total energy
0
Shocks delivered
0
Elapsed time
0
Shock mode
1 shock CPR
User Manual
Programming
55
Setting the Unit ID
The supervisor has the ability to assign a specific Unit ID number to the Welch Allyn
AED 10. The AED 10 includes this ID number when reporting events so that it can be
correctly identified among other AEDs. The Unit ID and the department name can be sent
to the SmartLink application when transferred by the user through the IR port (see
“Transmitting the internal log via the infrared data port” on page 36).
Unit ID
000000000000
Unit ID
000123456000
Save
Save
Cancel
Cancel
To set Unit ID
1. While in the Supervisor Menu, press the Next soft key to highlight Unit ID, and then
press the Enter soft key to go to the Unit ID Menu.
2. Enter the desired Unit ID by using Next to scroll to the appropriate number and use
Enter to shift to the next digit. After the last character has been selected, highlight
Save by pressing Enter.
3. Press Enter again while in the Save box to save the new Unit ID.
4. To exit the Unit ID prompt without changing it, press Next when the Save box is
highlighted to select the Cancel box. Press the Enter soft key to return to the
Supervisor Menu.
Note
There are 12 available characters for the Unit ID.
56
Programming
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Setting the department name
The supervisor has the ability to assign a specific department name to the Welch Allyn
AED 10. The AED 10 includes this department name number when reporting events so
that it can be identified among other AEDs.
Dept
Dept
TOWNPOLICE#4
Save
Save
Cancel
Cancel
To set department name
1. While in the Supervisor Menu, press the Next soft key to highlight Dept, and then
press the Enter soft key to go to the Department Menu.
2. Enter the desired department name by using Next to scroll to the appropriate
number, letter, or symbol and use Enter to shift to the next space. After the last
character has been selected, press Enter until Save is highlighted.
3. Press Enter again while in the Save box to save the new Dept name.
4. To exit the Dept name prompt without changing it, press Next when the Save box is
highlighted to select the Cancel box. Press the Enter soft key to return to the
Supervisor Menu.
Note
There are 12 available characters for the Department name.
Setting the bit rate
The supervisor can change the bits per second at which infrared port of the AED 10
communicates.
1. While in the Supervisor Menu, press the Next soft key to highlight Bit Rate, and
then press the Enter soft key to go the Bit Rate Menu.
2. Press the Next soft key to change the bit rate to the appropriate number. After the
appropriate number appears press the Enter soft key.
3. Press the Enter soft key to save the new bit rate.
4. To exit the Bit Rate menu without changing the bit rate, press Next when the Save
box is highlighted to select the Cancel box. Press the Enter soft key to return to the
Supervisor Menu.
User Manual
Programming
57
Utility Menu
The Utility menu allows access to the System Test function. When selected, the System
Test will speak all the voice phrases for the selected language:
Utility
System Test
Back
1. Access the Supervisor Menu screen. Select Utility to display the Utility Menu.
2. Press the System Test key.
3. At the completion of all the voice phrases, press the Next key to select Back box.
Leave the Utility menu by pressing the Enter key with the Back box highlighted.
58
Programming
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
59
5
Maintenance
This section contains information on inspecting, maintaining, cleaning, and servicing the
Welch Allyn AED 10.
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Automatic self-test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Inspecting for damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Service and repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Maintenance schedule. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Checklists for preparedness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Operator’s checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Inspecting and cleaning the Welch Allyn AED 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Recycling defibrillator components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Within the European Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Outside the European Union. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
60
Maintenance
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Inspection
To ensure the readiness and optimum working condition of the Welch Allyn AED 10, the
unit should be inspected weekly or monthly, depending on the frequency of its use. The
checks outlined in the operator checklists should be planned according to the inspection
schedule outlined below.
Frequency of Use
Inspection Schedule
Monthly
Weekly
Infrequently, such as once a year
Monthly
Also, new pads or other accessories should be checked for compatibility with the Welch
Allyn AED 10 when they are first received.
Note
If the Welch Allyn AED 10 is used more than once per month, it is recommended
that authorized service personnel perform a periodic inspection servicing at least
once per year.
Automatic self-test
The AED 10 will automatically perform a weekly self-test while in standby mode with a
battery inserted. The AED 10 will also continuously monitor battery level. During the
weekly self-test, the following tests are performed: battery, main processor, stuck key,
internal circuitry, ECG acquisition system, and defibrillator. If a failure occurs during
weekly self test, it will be identified on the display accompanied by an audible notification.
After experiencing two consecutive low battery conditions during weekly self test, the
AED 10 will present visual and audible notifications. The unit will then shut off for 30
seconds before entering into an annunciation cycle. The annunciation cycle starts by
having the AED10 “wake up” to deliver a single beep and a “Low Battery” voice prompt
and then go to sleep for 30 seconds. The AED 10 will “wake up” once more to deliver a
single beep and a “Low Battery” voice prompt. The AED 10 will then go to sleep for 17
hours before restarting the process. The cycle will repeat for approximately two weeks or
until the AED 10 is powered up to address the issue. The status indicator, located in the
center of the device, will remain flashing until the battery is replaced or the device is
power cycled.
After two weeks, the AED 10 will stop waking up to deliver the beep and “LOW
BATTERY” notifications and will revert to only supplying a failure beep and tone at the end
of the weekly test.
If the failure was a fatal error other than a low battery, the unit will act the same as
described above, except the beep and LOW BATTERY prompts will be replaced by two
beeps. The cycle of the AED 10 sleeping for 30 seconds and “waking up” to notify the
user will repeat six times instead of twice. These six dual beep notifications will be
repeated every 17 hours for approximately two weeks, or until the AED 10 is powered up
by the user to address the issue. The System Status indicator will remain flashing until the
battery is replaced or the device is power cycled. The System Status indicator will display
the red DO NOT USE indicator.
If both a low battery and another fatal error are detected during the self test, the user will
get both audible notifications described above.
User Manual
Maintenance
61
The user can stop these notifications by powering up the unit and addressing the
problem.
If a self-test failure is detected the System Status indicator will display the red DO NOT
USE indicator. If the failure was only a low battery, the indicator will flash rather than
display a solid DO NOT USE indicator.
Note
The user MUST power the AED 10 on via the power button to clear a low battery
error. Simply replacing the battery will not always clear the fault.
At power up and automatic self test the Welch Allyn AED 10 will test the performance of
its battery, main processor, stuck key, internal circuitry, ECG acquisition system and
defibrillator.
Note
The capacity of the battery is reduced with every activation or “power up” of the
device. The AED 10 performs automatic self-tests on a weekly and monthly basis
and therefore additional power ups are not required.
Inspecting for damage
Inspect the Welch Allyn AED 10 and battery. Look for signs of damage. See “Checklists
for preparedness” on page 63 for specific inspection requirements.
Contact an authorized service agent immediately if:
•
The unit is not functioning properly.
•
Accessories show signs of deterioration.
•
The unit was subjected to extreme mechanical stress.
•
Status indicator displays a “Do Not Use” icon.
Service and repair
WARNING Hazardous voltage. To reduce the risk of electrical shock, do not
attempt to remove the cover under any circumstances. There are no operator
serviceable components and only a qualified technician should service the Welch
Allyn AED 10.
WARNING Do not disassemble the Welch Allyn AED 10. There are no operator
serviceable components. Service and repair should be performed only by
authorized service personnel (see page ii).
If a Welch Allyn AED 10 needs servicing, contact an authorized service agent (see page ii).
Be prepared to provide the following information:
•
Model
•
Serial number
•
Description of the problem
•
Service log file
If the Welch Allyn AED 10 needs to be returned for servicing, use the original shipping
container. If the shipping container is not available, contact Welch Allyn for packing
instructions prior to shipping. This will help minimize damage during shipping.
62
Maintenance
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Maintenance schedule
Caution Improper maintenance may cause the Welch Allyn AED 10 to
malfunction. Maintain the Welch Allyn AED 10 as described in this manual.
General
Prepare a customized maintenance schedule for the Welch Allyn AED 10 to reflect how
the unit will be used. The schedule should account for how often the unit is used and
where it is used. In addition, the schedule should consider how familiar the operators are
with the operation of the unit. Here are some guidelines for preparing a maintenance
schedule at your facility:
Frequency
Observe
After each use Check the system status indicator. Verify
and during
that the “ready to use” status indicator on
each inspection the front of the unit is operating.
Action
If the system status indicator is flashing, replace the
battery. If a solid red symbol appears, turn on the AED 10,
if possible, and note the self-test results. If a “Self-Test
Failure” is indicated, remove AED 10 from service and
contact Welch Allyn customer service. If the AED 10 will
not power on, replace the battery as it is probably
drained.
Inspect exterior of Welch Allyn AED 10 and Clean the Welch Allyn AED 10. If damaged, remove AED
pad connector for any signs of damage.
10 from service and contact Welch Allyn customer
service.
Make sure that all supplies and
accessories are present and in proper
operating condition. Inspect the
defibrillation pad packages, and battery
packs for “install before dates” and any
signs of damage.
Do not use damaged or expired supplies or accessories.
Replace any used supplies and accessories such as
razors, gloves, and pads.
Note: The flashing low battery status indicator means that the battery is beginning to weaken and
should be replaced at the first opportunity. The AED 10 remains operable when the flashing low battery
is activated, and it can be used on a patient in this condition or continued in use when connected to a
patient if the low battery indicator activates. Replace the battery as soon as possible.
After each use
Check battery
Check the battery capacity shown in the system status
indicator (see “System status indicator” on page 21). If
“Low Battery” is indicated, remove the battery and
replace with a new battery. Dispose of the battery
properly according to local authority disposal standards.
Always verify that a fully charged spare battery is
available for use.
Note: The flashing low battery status indicator means that the battery is beginning to weaken and
should be replaced at the first opportunity. The AED 10 remains operable when the flashing low battery
is activated, and it can be used on a patient in this condition or continued in use when connected to a
patient if the low battery indicator activates. Replace the battery as soon as possible.
Note: If the AED 10 is subjected to cold temperatures near or outside of its low temperature operating
limit of 32° F (0° C), the low battery status indicator may be triggered even with a new battery. The low
battery indicator caused by cold temperature may cease when the device is warmed. Discharging the
device to defibrillate a patient may cause sufficient warming to eliminate the low battery indicator or
cause it to be intermittent.
User Manual
Maintenance
63
Checklists for preparedness
Use FDA Checklist and Automated External Defibrillators: Operator’s Checklist to help
maintain the Welch Allyn AED 10 in an operation-ready condition.
An important part of a successful maintenance program is the creation of a maintenance
log in which information is recorded on a regular basis. The log provides a:
•
Record of the maintenance performed, who performed it, and when it was
completed.
•
Schedule of periodic requirements such as calibration and certification.
•
Tracking of accessories, such as batteries, that require periodic testing and
replacement.
64
Maintenance
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Operator’s checklist
In accordance with the recommendations of the Defibrillator Working Group of the Food
and Drug Administration (FDA), Welch Allyn has provided the following operator’s
checklist.
Automated External Defibrillator Operator’s Checklist
Infrequent use (Non-rechargeable battery)
Date: ___________________________ Location:___________________________________
Welch Allyn AED Serial No. or Facility ID No. ____________________________________
Description
OK as found
Corrective action/Remarks
Defibrillator Unit
Clean, no spills, clear of objects on top,
casing intact
Cables/Connectors
Inspect for cracks, broken wire, or damage
Connectors are engaged securely and are not
damaged
Supplies
Two sets of pads in sealed packages within
expiration date
Hand towel
Scissors
Razor
Alcohol wipes
Spare battery
Power Supply
Verify non-rechargeable (long storage life)
battery inserted and within the expiration
date.
Verify that the system ready indicator shows
READY.
______________________________________ _ _ _ __________________________________
Signature
Print Name
User Manual
Maintenance
65
Inspecting and cleaning the Welch Allyn AED 10
WARNING Do not autoclave or gas sterilize the defibrillator or any accessories.
WARNING Do not immerse any portion of the defibrillator in water or other
liquids. Avoid spilling any liquids on the defibrillator or its accessories. Liquids may
damage the defibrillator or present a fire or shock hazard.
Before cleaning the exterior of the defibrillator, or any accessories, thoroughly inspect
them.
•
Look for any signs of damage and any improper mechanical function of buttons or
connectors.
•
Immediately report any sign of damage or malfunction to your service department.
To clean the defibrillator
1. Make sure the battery is in place to keep liquids out of the battery contact area. Make
sure liquid does not get into the defibrillation pads connector.
2. Wipe the equipment with a soft cloth slightly moistened (not wet) with one of the
approved cleaning solutions listed in Table 2, “Cleaning instructions and cleaning
solutions” on page 66. Do not use abrasive materials, cleaners, or strong solvents
such as acetone or acetone-based cleaners.
3. Thoroughly wipe off any excess cleaning solutions. Do not let the cleaning solution
run into or accumulate in connector openings, latches or crevices. If liquid gets into
connectors, dry the area with warm air and check the equipment to confirm it
operates properly.
Caution Use only a cleaning solution recommended by Welch Allyn for this
equipment. Use of any other cleaning solutions which have a high acid content or
are otherwise inappropriate can cause damage to the equipment, including
cracking and deterioration of the plastic case.
Caution Always follow the mixing/diluting instructions provided by the
manufacturer of the cleaning solution.
Caution Never use any of the following solutions or similar products to clean
the equipment: butyl alcohol, denatured ethanol, Freon™, mild chlorine bleach
solution, isopropyl alcohol, trichloroethane, trichloroethylene, acetone, Vesphene
II, Enviroquat®, Staphene®, Misty®, Glutaraldehyde, or Fantastik®, ether,
benzene, ammonia cleaner, Windex® or Coverage®.
66
Maintenance
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Table 2. Cleaning instructions and cleaning solutions
Equipment
Cleaning Instructions
Approved Cleaning Solutions
Welch Allyn AED 10a
• Wipe with a nearly dry cloth moistened with
cleaning solution.
• Thoroughly wipe off any excess cleaning
solution. Do not let cleaning solution run into
connector openings or crevices.b
Warm water, liquid soap, Ovation®,
hydrogen peroxide solution,
Wex-cide®c, T.B.Q.®c, Formula 409®.
Accessories
• Consult manufacturer’s instructions.
Consult manufacturer’s instructions.
a.
b.
c.
The equipment can be disinfected to comply with OHSA requirements for cleaning and decontaminating spills of blood and other body
fluids (Federal OHSA Standard on blood borne pathogens: 29 CFR 1910.1030, 12/6/91).
If liquid gets into the connectors, dry the area with warm air and then verify proper functions.
Wex-cide (Wexford Labs, Inc., Kirkwood, MO) and T.B.Q. (Calgon Vestal Lab., Calgon Corp., St. Louis, MO) are disinfectants that meet
OSHA requirements, are EPA approved, and will not harm the outside of the defibrillator. Wipe away disinfectants with a
water-dampened cloth after the manufacturer’s recommended period.
User Manual
Maintenance
67
Recycling defibrillator components
Within the European Union
Do not dispose of this product as “unsorted municipal waste”. Prepare it for reuse or
separate collection as specified by Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and
the Council of the European Union on Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment (WEEE).
If the defibrillator or battery (LiMnO2) is contaminated, this directive does not apply.
For more specific information, see www.welchallyn.com/weee, or contact Welch Allyn
Customer Service (page ii).
Recycle defibrillator batteries (LiMnO2) according to the Directive 91/157/EEC (Batteries
and accumulators containing certain dangerous substances) and Directive 93/86/EEC
(Labeling of batteries and accumulators containing certain dangerous substances).
Outside the European Union
When the defibrillator or the battery (LiMnO2) reaches end of life, recycle it locally
according to national, state, and local regulations, or return it to Welch Allyn.
68
Maintenance
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
69
6
Troubleshooting
This chapter provides information on how to troubleshoot situations and conditions that
arise during the operation of the Welch Allyn AED 10 and gives answers to frequently
asked questions.
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Attaching defibrillation pads. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Analyzing interrupted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
No shock delivered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Defibrillator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Other problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Frequently Asked Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Overview
If the built-in sensors in the Welch Allyn AED 10 detect a problem prior to or during
operation, the unit provides a voice or screen prompt indicating the problem.
Use the information in the following tables to troubleshoot. The tables list fault indicators
and determine possible corrective actions.
Note
In some situations, the operator will be instructed to change the battery or
defibrillation pads. It is important to always have spare batteries and other
accessories available.
Attaching defibrillation pads
Indicator/Possible Cause
Corrective Action
Defibrillation pad does not adhere properly to the patient.
Wipe moisture from chest and/or shave excessive hair
from chest.
Defibrillation pads are dry, damaged, or out-of-date.
Replace the defibrillation pads.
Improper pad placement or pads touching each other.
Check pad placement; make sure pads are in the correct
location.
Inadequate connection to AED 10
Check for proper insertion of defibrillation pads connector
into AED 10.
Pads connector not connected or properly inserted into the
connector socket
Push pads connector firmly into the connector socket.
Poor defibrillation pad contact with the patient’s bare chest. Press firmly on defibrillation pads to improve adherence
to patient's skin.
70
Troubleshooting
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Analyzing interrupted
Indicator/Possible Cause
Corrective Action
Defibrillator pad removed.
Press defibrillation pad to firmly attach it to patient's skin.
If needed, replace the pad.
Electrical interference or radio transmissions.
Remove possible sources of electrical or radio
interference.
Electrical/radio frequency interference.
Move hand-held communication devices or other
suspected devices away from the AED 10.
Defibrillation pads disconnected from patient or AED 10.
Check the connection to the AED 10.
Patient movement.
Move patient to stable location when possible.
Patient’s motion (CPR, seizures, etc.)
Stop patient motion if possible.
Transportation of the patient during vehicle motion.
Stop patient movement or, if possible, stop vehicle
transportation during analysis.
No shock delivered
Indicator/Possible Cause
Corrective Action
Defibrillation pad connector not properly connected to the
Welch Allyn AED 10 socket.
Push pads connector firmly into Welch Allyn AED 10
connector socket.
Improper pad placement or pads touching each other.
Check pad placement. Use the pictures on the pads to
make sure they are in correct location.
Pads, cable, or connector damaged.
Replace pads.
Poor defibrillation pad contact with patient’s bare chest.
Press pads firmly to patient’s bare chest.
Wipe moisture from chest and/or shave excessive hair
from chest.
Replace the pad, if needed.
Shock button not pressed within fixed time limit.
Press Shock button within 30 seconds (Automated Mode)
or 60 seconds (Manual Mode) after the ready message.
Defibrillation pads disconnected from patient or AED 10.
Check the connection to the AED 10.
User Manual
Troubleshooting
71
Defibrillator
Indicator/Possible Cause
Corrective Action
AED 10 operates, but LCD is too dark or too light.
Adjust the contrast setting.
AED 10 turns off or will not turn on.
Reinstall or replace the battery.
Battery depleted or disconnected.
Reinstall or replace the battery.
Displayed time or date is incorrect.
Change the AED 10 time setting. Verify that time is correct
after a power ON/OFF cycle.
Electrical/radio frequency interference.
Move hand-held communication devices or other
suspected devices away from the AED 10.
Operating temperature is too low or too high.
Operate the AED 10 between 0° to 50°C (32° to 122°F).
Indicator/Possible Cause
Corrective Action
AED 10 needs service.
Replace battery. If condition is not corrected, contact
authorized service personnel.
Depleted battery.
Replace battery. If condition is not corrected, contact
authorized service personnel.
No display or messages after ON button is pushed.
Replace battery. If condition is not corrected, contact
authorized service personnel.
Battery
For battery recycling information, see “Recycling
defibrillator components” on page 67.
Note
Depending on environmental conditions, patterns of use, and age, the Welch
Allyn AED 10 batteries will eventually begin to indicate a low battery condition.
Activities such as frequently turning on the device or leaving the device idle for an
extended amount of time will decrease the life of the battery and accelerate the
timeframe for indicating a low battery warning.
Other problems
Indicator/Possible Cause
Corrective Action
A fault requires service.
Continue to use the AED 10 if it is possible and needed.
Contact authorized service personnel as soon as possible
to repair the AED 10.
AED 10 operates, but LCD is blank.
Operate the AED 10 between 0° and 50°C (32° and 122°F).
Operating temperature is too low or too high.
LCD not operating properly.
Contact authorized service personnel.
AED 10 always powers up with menu displayed.
Stuck lower menu button. Contact authorized service
personnel.
72
Troubleshooting
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Frequently Asked Questions
Will the Welch Allyn AED 10 function correctly if I have reversed the placement
of the defibrillation pads when I placed them on the patient’s chest?
Yes. The Welch Allyn AED 10’s ability to analyze the rhythm and to deliver shocks
is independent of the polarity of the defibrillation pads. (See “Apply defibrillation
pads to the patient’s bare chest and connect cable” on page 29.)
Do I select the energy level with successive shocks?
No. The energy level is preset when operating the Welch Allyn AED 10 in
Automated Mode.
What do I do if a shock is advised while I am transporting a patient?
Avoid shocking a patient during transport; movement may interfere with the
accuracy of the rhythm analysis. Stop the transport if possible and allow the
Welch Allyn AED 10 to reconfirm the shockable condition.
How can I tell the status of the battery?
Refer to “System status indicator” on page 21 for battery capacity
specifications. When the unit is in storage, battery capacity will diminish over
time. The Welch Allyn AED 10 continuously monitors and reports battery
capacity while in storage. The flashing low battery status indicator means that
the battery is beginning to weaken and should be replaced at the first
opportunity.
What do I do if I need to use the defibrillator and I have a flashing low battery
status indicator?
The flashing low battery status indicator means that the battery is beginning to
weaken and should be replaced at the first opportunity. The AED 10 remains
operable when the flashing low battery is activated, and it can be used on a
patient in this condition or continued in use when connected to a patient if the
low battery indicator activates. Replace the battery as soon as possible.
What do I do if the flashing low battery status indicator comes on during use?
The flashing low battery status indicator means that the battery is beginning to
weaken and should be replaced at the first opportunity. The AED 10 remains
operable when the flashing low battery is activated, and it can be used on a
patient in this condition or continued in use when connected to a patient if the
low battery indicator activates. Replace the battery as soon as possible.
What do I do if the flashing low battery status indicator comes on at low
temperatures?
If the AED 10 is subjected to cold temperatures near or outside of its low
temperature operating limit of 32° F (0° C), the low battery status indicator may
be triggered even with a new battery. The low battery indicator caused by cold
temperature may cease when the device is warmed. Discharging the device to
defibrillate a patient may cause sufficient warming to eliminate the low battery
indicator or cause it to be intermittent.
73
A
Specifications
Physical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Electrical isolation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Data management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Defibrillator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Pediatric energy reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Summary of studies of waveform safety and effectiveness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
74
Specifications
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Physical
Dimensions
8 1/4” x 6 7/8” x 2 3/4” (210 x 175 x 70 mm)
Weight
3.025 (1.37 kg) pounds with battery
Operating Temperature
32ºF to 122ºF (0ºC to 50ºC)
Storage Temperature
(without battery)
-22ºF to 158ºF (-30ºC to 70ºC)
Humidity
Up to 95% (non-condensing)
Altitude
Up to 15,000 feet (-150 to 4570 m)
Shock
Mil Std 810F method 516.5, procedure 1 (40G, 6-9ms pulse, 1/2 sine each axis)
Vibration
Mil Std 810F method 514.5, category 4
Enclosure protection
IEC 60529 IP24
Drop Test
Mil Std 810F method 516.5 procedure 4 (1 meter drop onto any edge, corner, or surface
onto 2” hardwood over concrete)
Electrical isolation
Power
Unit operates on internal battery only
External Electrical Connections
No external devices are attached to the unit
Risk Current Category
Internally powered equipment with defibrillator-proof BF type patient applied part (as
per definition of IEC 60601-1 standard)
Data management
Event Documentation
Internal
Internal Memory Capacity
1MB: 250 4-sec ECG samples or 3000 time stamped events
Quick Report
Treatment Summary, Event Log, Test Log
Communication
RS-232 via Infrared (IR) port to PC or printer
User Manual
Specifications
75
Defibrillator
Output
MRL OrbitalTM Biphasic Truncated exponential
Energy Sequence (user configurable)
Shock 1: 150 J, 200 J
Shock 2: 150 J, 200 J, 300 J
Shock 3: 150 J, 200 J, 300 J, 360 J
Charge Time from “Shock Advised”
4 sec. to 150 J
8 sec. to 200 J
15 sec. to 360 J
Analysis Time
4-16 sec.
Combined Analysis and Charge Time
From start of analysis to shock ready:
from power up
after 6 shocks
Less than 20 seconds to 200 J
Less than 30 seconds to 360 J
Audible Prompts
18 audible prompts
Visual Prompts
20 text screen prompts
Controls
Four buttons - On/Off, Shock, and 2 software-configurable buttons
Waveform Details
Table 1 provides details of the biphasic truncated exponential waveform
delivered by the AED 10 (set to Emax) when connected to resistive loads of 25
through 175 . The waveforms are characterized by typical values for peak
current (Ip), duration of the first output phase, and duration of the second output
phase.
Ip1
phase 1
phase 2
Ip2
Table 1
Patient
Impedance ()
Ip1
(Amps)
Ip2
(Amps)
tphase1
(ms)
tphase2
(ms)
25
52.2
35.7
5.6
3.8
50
26.5
16.9
11.6
7.7
75
17.5
11.8
16.6
9.9
100
13.3
9.3
18.8
9.9
125
10.5
7.7
19.9
10.3
150
8.9
6.8
20.2
10.3
175
7.5
6.0
20.4
10.3
76
Specifications
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Output Energy Accuracy
Nominal AED 10 energy delivery into load is given in Table 2 .
Accuracy into 50is the given nominal ±10%
Accuracy into 25, 75, 100, 125, 150, and 175 is the given nominal ±15%
Table 2
Load
Energy
selected
25
50
75
100
125
150
175
150J
150
150
150
150
150
140
127
200J
200
200
200
200
200
187
169
300J
300
300
300
300
283
254
230
360J
360
360
360
318
283
254
230
Pediatric energy reducer
Energy Attenuation Factor 25%, at 25 , 50  and 75 
20%, at 100  and 125 
15%, at 150  and 175 
Display
Type
Backlit Monochrome LCD
Size
2.1” x 1.42” (54 x 36 mm)
Resolution
160 x 100
Backlight
LED
Type
Non-rechargeable, LiMnO2 12V, 2.6 Ah
Capacity
60 discharges at 360 Joules to reach low battery warning.a
90 discharges typical at 360 Joules to completely exhaust the battery or
125 discharges at 200 Joules or
150 discharges at 150 Joules or
5 hours ECG monitoring
Shelf Life
25°C ± 15°C
10 years (5 years storage + 5 years standby)
5 years standby (after installation)
Battery
a.
Capacity of discharges tested per EN 60601-2-4:2003 Clause 101.4 with the AED protocol set according to EN60601-2-4:2003 Clause
102.3.2.
Note
Depending on environmental conditions, patterns of use, and age, the Welch
Allyn AED 10 batteries will eventually begin to indicate a low battery condition.
Activities such as frequently turning on the device or leaving the device idle for an
extended amount of time will decrease the life of the battery and accelerate the
timeframe for indicating a low battery warning.
User Manual
Specifications
77
Electromagnetic compatibility
Guidance and manufacturer’s declaration—electromagnetic emissions
(IEC 60601-1-2 Table 201)
The Welch Allyn AED 10 is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified
below. The customer or the user of the Welch Allyn AED 10 should assure that it is used
in such an environment.
Emissions test
Compliance
Electromagnetic environment - guidance
RF emissions CISPR 11
Group 1
RF emissions CSPR 11
Class B
Harmonic Emission IEC 6100-3-2
Not applicable
The Welch Allyn AED 10 uses RF energy only for
its internal function. Therefore, its RF emissions
are very low and are not likely to cause any
interference in nearby electronic equipment.
Voltage fluctuations/
flicker emissions IEC 61000-3-3
Not applicable
Medical Electrical Equipment needs special precautions regarding EMC and needs to be
installed and put into service according to EMC information provided in this document.
78
Specifications
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Guidance and manufacturer’s declaration—electromagnetic immunity
(IEC 60601-1-2 Table 202)
The Welch Allyn AED 10 is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified
below. The customer or the user of the Welch Allyn AED 10 should assure that it is used
in such an environment.
Immunity test
IEC 60601 test level
Compliance level Electromagnetic environment guidance
Electrostatic discharge
(ESD)
IEC 61000-4-2
± 6 kV contact
± 6 kV contact
± 8 kV air
± 8 kV air
Electrical fast transient/
burst
IEC 61000-4-4
± 2 kV for power supply
lines
Not applicable
± 1 kV for input/ output
lines
Not applicable
Surge
IEC 61000-4-5
± 1 kV differential mode
Not applicable
± 2 kV common mode
Not applicable
Voltage dips, short
interruptions, and
voltage variations on
power supply input lines.
IEC 61000-4-11
<5% UT (>95% dip in UT)
for 0.5 cycle
Not applicable
Floors should be wood, concrete, or
ceramic tile. If floors are covered with
synthetic material, the relative humidity
should be at least 30%.
40% UT (60% dip in UT) for Not applicable
5 cycles
70% UT (30% dip in UT) for Not applicable
25 cycles
Power frequency
(50/60 Hz)
magnetic field
IEC 61000-4-8
<5% UT (>95%dip in UT)
for 5 sec
Not applicable
3 A/m
10 A/m
Note: UT is the ac mains voltage prior to application of the test level.
Power frequency magnetic fields should
be at levels characteristic of a typical
location in a typical commercial or
hospital environment
User Manual
Specifications
79
Guidance and manufacturer’s declaration—electromagnetic immunity
(IEC 60601-1-2 Table 203)
The Welch Allyn AED 10 is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified
below. The customer or the user of the Welch Allyn AED 10 should assure that it is used
in such an environment.
Immunity test
IEC 60601 test level
Compliance Electromagnetic
level
environment - guidance
Portable and mobile RF communications equipment should be used no closer to any part of the Welch Allyn AED 10,
including cables, than the recommended separation distance calculated from the equation applicable to the frequency of
the transmitter.
Recommended separation
distance
Radiated RF
IEC 61000-4-3
10 V/m
80 MHz to 2.5GHz
10 V/m
d = 1.20 P
80 to 800 MHz
d = 2.30 P
800 MHz to 2.5 GHz
Where P is the maximum output power rating of the transmitter in watts (W) according to the transmitter manufacturer
and d is the recommended separation distance in meters (m).a
Field strengths from fixed RF transmitters, as determined by an electromagnetic site surveyb, should be less than the
compliance level in each frequency range.c
Interference may occur in the vicinity of equipment marked with this symbol.
Note 1: At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the higher frequency range applies.
Note 2: These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by absorption and
reflection from structures, objects, and people.
a.
b.
c.
The compliance levels in the ISM frequency bands between 150 kHz and 80 MHz and in the frequency range 80 MHz to 2.5 GHz are
intended to decrease the likelihood that mobile/portable communications equipment could cause interference if it is inadvertently
brought into patient areas. For this reason, an additional factor of 10/3 is used in calculating the recommended separation distance
for transmitters in these frequency ranges.
Field strengths from fixed transmitters, such as base stations for radio (cellular / cordless) telephones and land mobile radios, amateur
radio, AM and FM radio broadcast and TV broadcast cannot be predicted theoretically with accuracy. To assess the electromagnetic
environment due to fixed RF transmitters, an electromagnetic site survey should be considered. If the measured field strength in the
location in which the Welch Allyn AED 10 is used exceeds the applicable RF compliance level above, the Welch Allyn AED 10 should
be observed to verify normal operation. If abnormal performance is observed, additional measures may be necessary, such as
reorienting or relocating the Welch Allyn AED 10.
Over the frequency range 150 kHz to 80 MHz, field strengths should be less than 3 V/m.
80
Specifications
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Recommended separation distances between portable and mobile RF
communications equipment and the Welch Allyn AED 10
(IEC 60601-1-2 Table 205)
The Welch Allyn AED 10 is intended for use in an environment in which radiated RF
disturbances are controlled. The customer or the user of the Welch Allyn AED 10 can help
prevent electromagnetic interference by maintaining a minimum distance between
portable and mobile RF communications equipment (transmitters) and the Welch Allyn
AED 10 as recommended below, according to the maximum output power of the
communications equipment.
Separation distance according to frequency of transmitter (m)
Rated maximum
output power of
transmitter
(W)
150 kHz to 80 MHz
outside ISM bands
150 kHz to 80 MHz in
ISM bands
80 MHz to 800 MHz
800 MHz to 2.5 GHz
d = [3.5/3]* P
d = [12/10]* P
d = [12/10]* P
d = [23/10]* P
0.01
0.17
0.12
0.12
0.23
0.1
0.37
0.38
038
0.73
1
1.17
1.20
1.20
2.3
10
3.69
3.79
3.79
7.27
100
11.70
12.00
12.00
23.00
For transmitters rated at a maximum output power not listed above, the recommended separation distance d in meters
(m) can be determined using the equation applicable to the frequency of the transmitter, where P is the maximum output
power rating of the transmitter in watts (W) according to the transmitter manufacturer.
Note 1: At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the separation distance for the higher frequency range applies.
Note 2: The ISM (industrial, scientific and medical) bands between 150 kHz and 80 MHz are 6.765 MHz to 6.795 MHz;
13.553 MHz to 13.567 MHz; 26.957 MHz to 27.283 MHz; and 40.66 MHz to 40.70 MHz.
Note 3: An additional factor of 10/3 is used in calculating the recommended separation distance for transmitters in the
ISM frequency bands between 150 kHz and 80 MHz and in the frequency range 80 MHz to 2.5 GHz to decrease the
likelihood that mobile/portable communications equipment could cause interference if it is inadvertently brought into
patient areas.
Note 4: These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by absorption and
reflection from structures, objects, and people.
User Manual
Specifications
81
Rhythm recognition performance
Standards
The Welch Allyn AED 10 algorithm exceeds the requirements of ANSI/AAMI DF39-1993
section 3.3.18 and the sensitivity and specificity levels recommended by the AHA
Automated External Defibrillators for Public Access Use: Recommendations for
Specifying and Reporting Arrhythmia Analysis Algorithm Performance. The test database
includes shockable rhythms consisting of ventricular fibrillation rhythms (> 99 V) and
wide-complex ventricular tachycardia at a rate greater than 160 BPM. Non-shockable
rhythms include various sinus rhythms including supraventricular tachycardia, atrial
fibrillation, atrial flutter, sinus rhythm with PVC’s, asystole, pacemaker rhythms, and
ventricular tachycardia with a rate less than 160 BPM and/or narrow complexes.
Performance
Rhythm Class
ECG Test
Sample Size
Performance Goal
90% one-sided
Conclusion
lower confidence
level
Shockable: VF
90
>90% sensitivity
97.2%
Meets the AAMI DF39
requirement and AHA
recommendation
Shockable: VT
33
>75% sensitivity
84.6%
Meets the AAMI DF39
requirement and AHA
recommendation
Nonshockable: NSR
349
>99% specificity
(AHA)
100%
Meets the AAMI DF39
requirement and AHA
recommendation
Nonshockable:
asystole
10
>95% specificity
100%
Meets the AAMI DF39
requirement and AHA
recommendation
Nonshockable: all
other rhythms
242
>95% specificity
97.8%
Meets the AAMI DF39
requirement and AHA
recommendation
82
Specifications
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Summary of studies of waveform safety and effectiveness
Introduction
Over 30 years ago, Medical Research Laboratories (MRL) patented a unique monophasic
truncated exponential waveform, which utilized a low peak current, impedance
compensated defibrillation waveform. The MRL monophasic waveform was developed as
an alternative to the monophasic damped sine (MDS) waveform (often referred to as the
Edmark waveform) defibrillator, which was associated with higher peak currents and did
not actively compensate for varying patient impedances. In fact, the MRL monophasic
waveform defibrillator delivers less than half of the peak current of an MDS waveform
defibrillator at equal delivered energies. A new defibrillator (the Welch Allyn AED 10) has
been introduced, which offers a biphasic truncated exponential waveform that
incorporates MRL's original low peak current, impedance compensation design. The MRL
Orbital biphasic truncated exponential waveform has been extensively tested in multiple
scientific safety and effectiveness studies. Over 524 fibrillation/defibrillation shock
episodes have been conducted using the MRL Orbital Biphasic waveform comparing it to
MDS, MTS and another commercially available 2kV biphasic (360 J capable) defibrillators.
Results of three of the scientific safety and effectiveness studies are summarized below.
Study 1
Objective
To evaluate the MRL Orbital Biphasic waveform defibrillator against a monophasic
damped sinusoidal waveform defibrillator.
Methods
A canine model (n=5, 71±7 lbs) was used in a study that was approved by the Institutional
Animal Care and Use Committee. The animals were anesthetized with 20 mpk sodium
pentothal i.v., and maintained as required through an intravenous catheter in the foreleg.
The external jugular vein was cannulated and a bipolar pacing catheter was introduced
under fluoroscopic control and advanced into the right ventricle. The femoral artery was
cannulated and an intra-arterial line was placed for continuous measurement of arterial
blood pressure. The chest was shaved and defibrillating patch electrodes (R2 part number
3200-1715) were placed on the left and right chest walls.
Fibrillation was induced by delivering 60 Hz current to the right ventricular electrode. The
energy required to defibrillate was determined by a protocol that has been used in several
other biphasic comparison studies. An initial shock strength of 50 to 70 joules was used. If
successful, VF is reinduced after a 4-minute rest period, and the shock strength is
reduced by approximately 20% for the next defibrillation attempt. If the initial shock fails, a
rescue shock is delivered, and after a rest period, VF is again induced. The energy is now
increased about 20% for the next defibrillation attempt. This procedure was continued
until at least 3 reversals in result were observed with each waveform. Two ED50
estimation procedures were run in parallel, with the device being used alternated on each
shock. In practice, actual clinical units were used, so the energy steps were limited to
those selectable on the devices tested.
User Manual
Specifications
83
Results
The study consisted of 82 total fibrillation/defibrillation episodes. ID50 peak currents and
ED50 delivered energies are shown below for each group. The mean impedance for these
animals was 62 . The mean ED50 energies were compared and were found to be
significantly different. The significance of difference (p-value) was calculated by the Wald
test in each case, and is shown below. The mean ED50 peak current for the biphasic
waveform was 39 percent of that required with the MDS waveform.
Summary table — ED50 and ID50
Mean
ID50 Peak Current (Amps)
Welch Allyn
AED 10
Monophasic
Damped Sine
6.4
16.6
Significance of difference (p-value)
ED50 Delivered Energy (Joules)
Significance of difference (p-value)
<0.001
26.3
35.3
0.014
Conclusion
The MRL Orbital Biphasic waveform is capable of converting fibrillation episodes using
less energy than the MDS waveform, and requires lower peak currents than MDS
waveform defibrillators.
Study 2
Objective
Comparison of the defibrillation effectiveness of the MRL Orbital Biphasic waveform
defibrillator, with a commercially available Biphasic 2kV defibrillator capable of 360 J and a
monophasic truncated exponential defibrillator.
Methods
A canine model (n=6, 61.6 ± 5.5 lbs) was used in a study that was approved by the
Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. The animals were anesthetized with an
intravenous injection of 20 mg/kg sodium pentothal. They were then intubated with a
cuffed endotracheal tube, and maintained on isoflurane gaseous anesthetic. The femoral
artery was cannulated and an intra-arterial line was placed for continuous measurement of
arterial blood pressure, and for acquiring samples for arterial blood gas and electrolyte
monitoring. The chest was shaved and adhesive defibrillating electrode pads were placed
on the left and right chest walls.
Fibrillation was induced by delivering 60 Hz current to the external electrodes. The ED50
energy (that required to defibrillate with 50% probability) was determined by a protocol
modeled after that of Dixon. An initial shock strength of 30 joules was used, which was
applied after 15 seconds of ventricular fibrillation (VF). If successful, VF was re-induced
after a 4-minute rest period, and the shock strength was reduced by one energy step for
the next defibrillation attempt. If the initial shock failed, a rescue shock was delivered, and
after a rest period, VF was again induced. The energy was now increased one energy step
for the next defibrillation attempt. This procedure was continued until a nominal sample
size of six episodes was achieved (both sides of the first reversal in result, plus 4
84
Specifications
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
episodes). Three ED50 estimation procedures were run in parallel, with the device being
used alternated on each shock. After each of the three independent ED50 estimation
procedures had been completed, the entire protocol was repeated twice more, each time
starting all devices at an energy of 30 joules. The ED50 peak current and energy was then
estimated for each animal by logistic regression analysis. Individual phase durations and
overall pulse durations were measured and recorded on each shock.
Results
The study consisted of 344 total fibrillation/defibrillation episodes. The mean ED50 and
ID50 estimates (to one decimal place) are shown below. The significance of difference (pvalue) was calculated by the Wald test in each case, and is shown below. Also shown are
the mean total durations measured for each device.
Summary table — ED50, ID50 and Duration
Mean
ID50 Peak Current (Amps)
Significance of difference (p-value)
ED50 Delivered Energy (Joules)
Significance of difference (p-value)
Total Duration (msec)
Monophasic
Waveform
Welch Allyn
AED 10
2kV Biphasic
Waveform
9.0
6.4
8.3
<0.001
(Welch Allyn AED 10
vs. 2kV Biphasic)
<0.001
(Welch Allyn AED 10
vs. Monophasic)
40.2
21.4
<0.001
(Welch Allyn AED 10
vs. Monophasic)
11.9
22.7
<0.4937
(Welch Allyn AED 10
vs. 2kV Biphasic)
12.3
13.1
Conclusion
The MRL Orbital Biphasic waveform was as effective as the Biphasic 2kV waveform, and
more effective than the monophasic waveform. While both biphasic waveforms required
less peak current than the monophasic waveform, the MRL Orbital Biphasic waveform
required statistically less peak current than the 2 kV biphasic waveform defibrillator.
User Manual
Specifications
85
Study 3
Objective
Comparison of the defibrillation effectiveness of the MRL Orbital Biphasic waveform
defibrillator, with a commercially available Biphasic 2kV defibrillator capable of 360 J in a
simulated higher impedance model.
Methods
A canine model (n=6, 53.7 ± 6.1 lbs) was used in a study that was approved by the
Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. The animals were anesthetized with 20
mpk sodium pentothal i.v., and maintained as required through an intravenous catheter in
the foreleg. The femoral artery was cannulated and an intra-arterial line was placed for
continuous measurement of arterial blood pressure. The chest was shaved and
defibrillating patch electrodes were placed on the left and right chest walls.
Fibrillation was induced by delivering 60 Hz current to the chest electrodes. The energy
required to defibrillate was determined by a protocol that has been used in several other
biphasic comparison studies. An initial shock strength of 70 to 100 joules was used. If
successful, VF was re-induced after a 5 minute rest period, and the shock strength was
reduced by approximately 20% for the next defibrillation attempt. If the initial shock failed,
a rescue shock was delivered, and after a rest period, VF was again induced. The energy
was now increased about 20% for the next defibrillation attempt. This procedure was
continued until approximately 4 reversals in result were observed with each waveform.
Two ED50 estimation procedures were run in parallel, with the device being used
alternated on each shock. In practice, actual clinical units were used, so the energy steps
were limited to those selectable on the devices tested. The ED50 peak current and
energy was then estimated for each animal by logistic regression analysis.
This study simulated a higher impedance patient by having a 32- resistor placed in series
with each subject.
Results
The study consisted of 98 total fibrillation/defibrillation episodes. The mean ED50 and ID
50 estimates for peak current and energy for each animal (to one decimal place) are
shown below. The significance of difference (p-value) was calculated by the Wald test in
each case, and is shown below. Also shown are the mean total durations measured for
each device.
Summary Table — ED50, ID50 and Duration
Mean
ID50 Peak Current (Amps)
Welch Allyn
AED 10
2kV Biphasic
Waveform
5.8
7.4
Significance of difference (p-value)
ED50 Delivered Energy (Joules)
<0.001
34.3
Significance of difference (p-value)
Total Duration (msec)
32.0
0.885
21.3
15.6
86
Specifications
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
Conclusion
The MRL Orbital Biphasic waveform was as effective as the 2kV Biphasic waveform in
this model of a higher impedance patient. When these devices are compared on the basis
of peak current, the MRL Orbital Biphasic required less peak current than the 2kV
Biphasic waveform.
Rationale for animal studies
Electrical waveforms for transthoracic ventricular defibrillation have been well studied for
nearly 50 years. These studies led to the development of monophasic waveforms such as
the Edmark, Lown, and truncated exponential waveforms that have now been used in
humans for over 30 years. Starting in the early 1980s, biphasic waveforms have been
extensively studied in animal models of transthoracic ventricular defibrillation. These
studies have shown that a wide variety of biphasic waveforms exhibited superior
defibrillation effectiveness to these conventional monophasic waveforms. In many cases,
the waveform comparisons performed in animals were repeated in clinical trials involving
humans. These studies have conclusively demonstrated that well-designed animal studies
can and do predict the results that will be observed in humans.
The reasons for conducting animal trials (as opposed to additional human clinical studies)
are:
1. Animal studies can use a much larger sample size (more shocks per subject), and
thus, result in far more accurate comparisons.
2. Animal studies do not place human subjects at risk from additional (and clinically
unneeded) shocks.
3. The animal hearts can be inspected for damage after the defibrillation studies.
Waveform safety and effectiveness conclusions
These scientific studies have demonstrated that:
•
The data suggests that the MRL Orbital Biphasic waveform in the Welch Allyn AED 10
is at least as effective as, and may be more effective than either of the two tested
monophasic waveforms, appearing to allow termination of fibrillation episodes using
lower energies.
•
The MRL Orbital Biphasic waveform in the Welch Allyn AED 10 is as effective as the
2kV biphasic truncated exponential waveform in another commercially available
defibrillator.
•
The MRL Orbital Biphasic waveform in the Welch Allyn AED 10 requires less peak
current to achieve defibrillation effectiveness than either of the two monophasic
waveforms or the 2kV biphasic truncated exponential waveform that is used in
another commercially available defibrillator.
87
B
Glossary
AED
automated external defibrillator
AHA
American Heart Association
ALS
advanced life support
arrhythmia
BLS
irregular rhythm of the heart muscle
basic life support
bradycardia
abnormally slow heart rate
cardiac arrest
CPR
cessation of the heart muscle
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
defibrillation high-energy pulse of electricity (shock) delivered to the heart muscle to
restore normal cardiac activity
defibrillation protocol preset order and level of the shock energy delivered at
defibrillation (for example 200, 200, 360 Joules or 200, 300, 360 Joules)
ECG
electrocardiogram
electrocardiogram
curve traced by an electrocardiograph
electrocardiograph
muscle activity
instrument used to record electrical currents associated with heart
EMS
emergency medical services
erythema
redness of the skin
fibrillation rapid twitching movements that replace the normal rhythmic contraction of
the heart and may cause a lack of circulation and pulse
joule the amount of energy delivered during defibrillation, related to the intensity of the
shock delivered
88
Glossary
Welch Allyn AED 10 Automated External Defibrillator
LCD
log
liquid crystal display (AED 10 screen)
list of ECG samples and time-stamped system events
nonshockable rhythm
pulse
NSR
normal sinus rhythm
Primary AED
protocol
RF
patient heart rhythms that are not a candidate for defibrillation
AED 10 mode that provides text and voice prompts
see defibrillation protocol
radio frequency
SCA
sudden cardiac arrest
self-test automatic test performed at system power-up to check readiness of battery,
internal circuitry, main processor, and defibrillator
shock
defibrillation electrical pulse
shockable rhythm
tachycardia
abnormal heart rhythm which is a candidate for defibrillation pulse
an abnormally fast heart rate
time-stamped event
defibrillator
any change in heart rhythm or any shock delivered by the
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