NX-1500

NX-1500
MULTI-FONT
NX-1500
Federal Communications
Commission
Radio Frequency Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant
to Part 15 of FCC Rules. This limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference
to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
instalIation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can
be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
- Reorient or reloate the receiving antenna.
- Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
* Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
* Consult the dealer or an experienced radiofI’V technician for help.
For compliance
with the Federal Noise Interference
Standard, this equipment requires a shielded cable.
The above stafements apply only IOprin!ers marketed in the U.S.A.
Statement of
The Canadian Department of Communications
Radio Interference Regulations
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radionoise emissions from digital apparatus
set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
Le present appareil numerique n’6men pas de bruits radi&lecttiques
depassant les limites applicables
aux appareils numeriques de la classe B prescrites dans le Rkglement sur le brouillage radio&crrique
CdictC par le minisere des Communications
du Canada.
The above statement applies only lo printers markeled in Canada.
Trademark
Acknowlidgements
NX-1500, ND-lo&S, NR-10115: Star Micronics Co., Ltd.
IBM PC, PC-AT, PC-XT, Proprinter XL, Proprinter II, PC-DOS: International
Corp.
Microsoft BASIC, MS-DOS: Microsoft Co oration
FX-1050, EX-1000, FX86e, FX286e: Seiko T pson Corp.
WordStar: MicroPro International Corporation
Business Machines
NOTICE
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All rights reserved. Reproduction of any part of this manual in any form whatsoever without
STAR’s express permission is forbidden.
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The contents of this manual are subject to change without notice.
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Ail efforts have been made to ensure. the accuracy of the contents of this manual at the time of
press. However, should any errors be detected, STAR would greatly appreciate being informed
of them.
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The above not with standing, STAR can assume no responsibility for any errors in this manual.
0 Copyright 1989 Star Micronics Co., Ltd.
HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL
This manual is organized into nine chapters. To learn how to make the best
use of your printer you are urged to read through chapters 1 through 3. The
remaining chapters may be treated as a reference guide for programming
operations, etc. It assumes a degree of acknowledge off the operation of
computers (for instance, it assumes you know about hexadecimal numbers).
The chapters are as follows:
Chapter 1 L
Setting up the printer
This chapter explains how to get the printer unpacked and set up. Read this
chapter before you do anything else.
Chapter 2 -
Control panel operations
There are a number of controls on the front panel which perform various
functions related to paper handling, print modes and font selection.
After getting set up, read this chapter and try out the procedures in it to find
out how the printer works.
Chapter 3 -
DIP switch settings
This chapter explains how to set the DIP switches to make system settings
on the printer.
Chapter 4 -
Printer control commands
This chapter explains the different emulations provided by your printer, and
the software commands used to drive it. This section is of use if you are
writing or modifying programs to take advantage of the printer’s features.
Chapter 5 -
Download characters
This chapter explains the procedures to create your own characters.
Chapter 6 -
MS-DOS and your printer
Since the PC or PC-AT family of computers running under MS-DOS is
currently the most popular configuration of microcomputer, we have included a few hints and tips to help you use your printer with such systems.
Since virtually all PCs are sold with a Microsoft BASIC interpreter, we have
also included some hints, and a sample program in this language to
demonstrate the capabilities of the printer.
Chapter 7 -
Troubleshooting and maintenance
This section gives a checklist of points to check if your printer is not working
in the expected way. It also includes details of some routine maintenance
operations you can carry out yourself. It is not, however, a complete service
manual. Call a qualified service engineer if you are unsure of your ability to
carry out any maintenance or servicing operations.
Chapter 8 -
Specifications
This section gives the specifications of your printer.
Chapter 9 -
Character sets
These charts give the different character sets available, and the differences
between national character sets (as set up with the DIP switches).
FEATURES OF THE PRINTER
This printer is aconvenient, monochrome printerwithout frills but with a full
complement of features, making it an excellent partner for a personal
computer. It supports the IBM/Epson printer commands and character sets,
enabling it to print just about anything your computer can generate, both text
and graphics. Some of its main features are the following:
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Extensive software support
Since it is compatible with the Epson and IBM printers, it works with any
software that supports those printers. That includes most word-processing
and graphics programs, spread-sheets, and integrated software packages.
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Easy operation
Clearly understandable indicator displays and beep tones provide immediate feedback when you press the buttons on the control panel. The five
buttons can operate in combinations to perform a surprising variety of
functions, including micro-alignment.
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Easy care and maintenance
The ribbon cartridge can be replaced in seconds the print head in a few
minutes.
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Versatile paper handling
Single sheets, fanfold forms, and multi-copy forms (up to triple-ply) are all
accepted, and you can use either tractor or friction feed. A special feature
enables you to keep fanfold forms parked in readiness while printing on
other paper.
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Large variety of type styles and sizes
The printer has one draft style and four NLQ styles (Courier, Sanserif, and
Orator with small capitals or lower case), plus italics for all styles, plus
condensed print, bold print, double-sized print, quadruple-sized print.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1 SETTING UP THE PRINTER ...............................................1
Locating the Printer .......................................................................... 1
Unpacking and Inspection ................................................................ 2
Check the carton contents ........................................................ 2
Parts name of the printer .......................................................... 3
Setting Up ........................................................................................ .4
Mount the platen knob ............................................................. 4
Install the ribbon cartridge ....................................................... 5
Connection ............................................................................... 6
Loading Single Sheets ...................................................................... 8
Automatic loading .................................................................... 8
Manual loading ...................................................................... 10
Loading and Parking Fanfold Forms .............................................. 11
Loading the paper from the rear of the printer.. ..................... 11
Loading the paper from the bottom of the printer.. ............... .13
Paper parking ......................................................................... 15
Paper unparking ..................................................................... 15
Adjusting the Printing Gap ............................................................. 16
Chapter 2 CONTROL PANEL OPERATIONS ..................................17
Buttons and Indicators ................................................................... .17
ON LINE button .................................................................... 18
PAPER FEED button ............................................................. 19
SET/EJECT PARK button ..................................................... 19
PRINT PITCH button ........................................................... .19
NLQ TYPE STYLE button .................................................... 20
Power-Up Functions ....................................................................... 21
Short test mode ..................................................................... .21
Long test mode ...................................................................... .22
Print area test mode ................................................................ 22
Stay in panel pitch ................................................................. .22
Stay in panel style .................................................................. 23
Stay in panel pitch and style .................................................. 23
Hexadecimal dump ................................................................ 23
Switch Combination Functions ..................................................... .26
Form feed ............................................................................... 26
Top of form ............................................................................ 27
Forward micro-feed .............................................................. .27
Reverse micro-feed ............................................................... .27
Clearing the buffer ................................................................. 28
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Chapter 3 DIP SWITCH SETTING .. .. .. .. .. ... .. . . .. .. .. ... .. .. .. . . ... .. .. .. .. .. ... 29
Location of the DIP Switches .............. .. ......................................... 29
Functions of the DIP Switches ....... .............. .............. .......... .......... 30
Chapter 4 PRINTER CONTROL COMMANDS .. .. .......... .. ............ .... 33
Font Control Commands ........... ................. .................................... 34
Character Set Commands .. ............................................................ . 39
Character Size and Pitch Commands .......................... ................... 41
Vertical Position Commands ....................... ................................... 47
Horizontal Position Commands ............................ .......... .............. . 53
Graphics Commands ....... .................................... ......... ............ ...... 58
Download Character Commands ............................... .................... 60
Macro Instruction Commands .............. .......................................... 64
Other Printer Control Commands .. ................................................ 64
Chapter 5 DOWNLOAD CHARACTERS ................... ........................ . 69
Designing Your Own Draft Characters ................................. .. ....... 69
Defining the attribute data ................ ..................................... 70
Assigning the character data ......... .. ........................ ............ ... 72
Sample program ................... .. ..... .......................... ............ ..... 72
Defining Your Own NLQ Characters ............................................ 75
Chapter 6 MS-DOS AND YOUR PRINTER ........................................ 77
Installing Application Software with Your Printer ................ ........ 77
Embedding Printer Commands ....... .. .. ........................................... 78
Programming the Printer with DOS Commands ........... ............ ... .. 80
Programming with BASIC ................................... ................. .......~.82
How the program works ....................... ... ........................ .. ..... 86
Modifications for IBM mode .... ..... ........................................ 88
............ 89
AND MAINTENANCE
Chapter 7 TROUBLESHOOTING
Troubleshooting ....................................................... ....... ............... 89
Power supply .............. ......... ................................................... 90
Printing ........... ........................... .. ........................................... 90
Paper feeding ................ ... .. .. .................................................. 92
Maintenance .. ..................................................... ............................ 95
Replacing the Ribbon ................... .............. .. ........................ .......... 95
Replacing the Print Head ................................... ... .. .......... ......... ... .. 98
Chapter 8 SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................. 99
Chapter 9 CHARACTER SETS ............................................................. 103
Standard Character Set ....... ............................... ........................... 104
IBM Character Set #2 .... ....... ....................................... ............ ..... 106
IBM Character Set #l .............................................................. ..... 108
IBM Special Character Set ............................................. .............. 109
International Character Sets ...................................... ..... .. ............ 110
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INDEX ............... ........ ... ............................ ................................... ......... 111
COMMAND SUMMARY ........................................................................ 114
Chapter
I
SETTING
UP THE PRINTER
.
Subjects covered in Chapter 1 include -
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Locating the printer
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Unpacking and inspection (names of parts)
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Setting up and connection
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Loading single sheets
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Loading and parking fanfold forms
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Adjusting the printing gap
LOCATING THE PRINTER
Before you start unpacking and setting up your printer, make sure that you
have a suitable place on which to locate it. By “a suitable place”, we mean:
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A firm, level surface which is fairly vibration-free
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Away from excessive heat (such as direct sunlight, heaters, etc)
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Away from excessive humidity
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Away from excessive dust
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Supply it “clean” electricity. Don’t connect it to the same circuit as a large,
noise-producing appliance such as a refrigerator.
Make sure the line voltage is within 10% of the voltage specified on the
identification plate.
A location with sufficient space to locate the printer and any paper to be
fed into it, as well as the printed paper coming out.
If you are using a parallel connection to your computer, make sure that it
is within 2m (6ft) of the printer (an RS-232 connection using the optional
RS-232 interface can be made over longer distances).
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UNPACKING AND INSPECTION
Check the carton contents
Now unpack the contents of the printer shipping carton, and check each item
in the box against Figure l- 1 to make sure that you have everything (there
should be five items).
If any of these items are missing, contact your supplier.
Figwe 7-7. Check to make sure you have all five items: 1) Printer, 2) Paper guide, 3) Platen knob, 4) Ribbon
cartridge, and 5) User’s manual.
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The optional accessories which you may have ordered with your printer are:
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Serial (RS-232) interface board
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Automatic sheet feeder
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Pull tractor unit
Parts name of the printer
Make an external inspection of the printer. Note the locations of the following parts:
Entry slot
Rear mver
lever
Power
Connector
Figure
1-Z. The printer’s external parts
Bail lever:
opens and closes the paper bail which holds the paper
against the platen.
Release lever releases the platen. This lever must be down for
printing on single sheets, and up for fanfold forms.
Top cover:
protects the print head and other parts.
Rear cover:
protects the sprocket feed mechanism.
Entry slot:
for inserting single sheets of paper.
Control panel: controls various printer functions.
Power switch: switches power on and off.
Connector:
for connecting the computer to the printer.
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SETTING UP
Place the printer in the position where it is going to be permanently sited, and
remove all packing material from inside the top cover. This packing material
is intended to prevent damage to the printer in transit. You may like to keep
this packing with the printer carton if you intend transporting the printer for
use at a different location.
Mount the platen knob
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The platen knob is packed into a recess of the white foam packing material
which held your printer inside the printer carton. Be careful to remove the
knob before disposing of the packing.
Mount the platen knob on the shaft on the right-hand side of the printer. Turn
the knob on the shaft before pushing the knob fully into position.
Platen knob
Figure 1-3. Mounting the platen knob
Install the ribbon cartridge
Remove the top cover by lifting the front (using the two grips at the side),
and pulling towards you. Now install the ribbon.
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1. Use the tensioning knob on the ribbon cartridge to tighten the ribbon if
it is slack (turn clockwise).
2. Use the grips on the side of the ribbon cartridge to help locate the
cartridge (squeeze them inwards gently), and make sure that the spindles
on the cartridge holder fit into the sockets on the cartridge itself.
Figure 1-5. Installing the ribbon cartridge
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3. The ribbon should pass between the print head and the print head shield
(see Figure l-6).
Figure 7-6. Pass the ribbon between the print head and print head shield
Now, hold the top cover upright and engage the tabs at the back. Then swing
the front edge down until the cover is closed.
Leave the top cover closed during normal operation. It keeps out dust and dirt
and reduces the printer’s operating sounds. Open the cover only to change
the ribbon or make an adjustment.
Connection
Connect the printer to your computer, using a standard parallel-type cable.
On a PC or PC/AT-type computer, this means that you use the 25way Dtype connector at the computer end, and the Amphenol-type 36-way
connector at the printer end. The pinouts of the printer’s connector are given
in Chapter 8 if you need a cable for connection to another computer.
Plug the printer into a suitable mains outlet. However, DO NOT turn on the
power switch at the front of the printer yet.
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Figure 1-7. Connecting
the interface cable
If you want to use the optional serial interface, slide out the parallel interface
board by gripping the flips on both sides. Then insert the optional serial
interface board all the way, as shown in Figure l-8.
Figure 1-8. Replacing the interface board
7
LOADING SINGLE SHEETS
This section will take you through the procedures for loading single sheets
of paper.
If you are using the optional automatic sheet feeder (ASF), read the ASF
instruction booklet.
Automatic loading
Single sheets can be loaded manually with power off, or automatically with
power on. We will start the easy way with automatic loading.
1. Place the paper guide in position, locating the lugs on the bottom of the
assembly into the slots on the rear cover of the printer.
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Fjgure 1-9. Mounting the paper guide for single sheets
2. Make sure that the release lever is down.
If the fanfold paper is mounted on the printer, press the( sE&~%~CT
)
button to park the paper, then move the release lever downwards.
3. Adjust the paper guides to match the size of paper you will be using (remembering that printing will start some distance from the left-hand edge
of the carriage).
4. Place a single sheet between the guides, placing the side on which you
want to print towards the back of the printer. Gently push the paper down
in the guides until you feel it stop.
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Figure l-10. Loading a single sheet
5. Turn on the power using the switch at the front of the printer. The printer
will beep, indicating that no paper is in position for printing. The orange
POWER indicator also flashes to show this.
6. Now press the ( s~&$~#F ) button. The paper bail will move clear of
the paper, and the paper will be fed and adjusted past the print head to a
position ready for printing. The paper bail will be moved back to grip the
paper against the platen, and the print head will move to the start position.
Manual loading
It is also possible to load paper manually while the printer’s power is off. The
procedure is:
1. Place the paper guide in position, locating the lugs on the bottom of the
assembly into the slots on the rear cover of the printer.
2. Check that printer power is off and the release lever at the back of the
printer is down.
3. Open the top cover, then move the bail lever on top of the printer forward
to open the paper bail.
4. Adjust the paper guides to match the size of paper you will be using (remembering that printing will start some distance from the left-hand edge
of the carriage).
5. Place a single sheet between the guides, placing the side on which you
want to print towards the back of the printer. Gently push the paper down
in the guides until you feel it stop.
6. Turn the platen knob clockwise until the front edge of the paper comes
out from under the top cover.
7. If the paper is not straight, move the release lever to me up position,
straighten the paper by hand, then move the release lever back down.
8. Move the bail lever back to close the paper bail.
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LOADING AND PARKING FANFOLD FORMS
Fanfold forms have holes along the sides and perforations between the
sheets. They are also called sprocket forms, punched forms, or just plain
“computer paper”. This printer accepts forms up to 16” wide. Fanfold forms
are loaded, parked, and unparked as explained next.
Loading the paper from the rear of the printer
You can load the fanfold paper either from the rear or from the bottom of the
printer. If you are going to load the paper from the bottom read the next
section.
1. Place a stack of fanfold paper behind and at least one page-length below
the printer.
2. Turn the printer’s power OFF.
3. Push the release lever to the upward position. This has the effect of
releasing the paper from the platen roller, and engaging the tractor,feed.
4. Remove the paper guide and put it aside for the moment.
5. Remove the rear cover. Grip it by its rear edge and lift upwards and backwards as in Figure 1-11.
Figure l-11. Opening the rear cover
6. With the sprocket covers open, thread the paper over the sprockets,
aligning holes with the pins on the sprockets.
7. Adjust the spacing of the sprockets by sliding them along the bar, using
the clamp lever at the back of each sprocket to release and lock the
sprocket in positin (when the lever is down, the sprocket may be moved,
and when it is up, the sprocket is locked).
Sprocket cover
Clamp lever
Figure I-12. Thread the fanfold paper over the sprockets.
8. Now close the sprocket covers, again making sure that the paper sprocket
holes are aligned with the pins on the sprockets. If they are not aligned
properly, you will have problems with paper feeding, possibly resulting
in tearing and jamming of the paper.
9. Turn on the printer using the switch at the front of the printer. The printer
will beep (indicating that the paper is not yet fully loaded). This is also
confirmed by the orange POWER indicator flashing.
10. Now press the ( ~E&!&ECT
) button. The paper bail will move clear of
the paper, and the paper will be fed and adjusted past the print head to a
position ready for printing. The paper bail will be moved back to grip the
paper against the platen, and the print head will move to the start position.
11. Remount the rear cover. Hold it tilted upward and insert the four tabs at
the front into their slots. Then rotate the cover downwards, pressing
down on the thumb pads on the left and right to snap it into place.
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12. Mount the paper guide in the horizontal position shown in Figure 1- 13,
so that it will separate the printed from the unprinted paper.
Figure I-13. Mounting the paper guide for fanfold forms
Loading the paper from the bottom of the printer
You can load the fanfold paper from the bottom of the printer by using the
optional pull tractor unit.
1. Remove the top cover, then move the bail lever on top of the printer
forward to open the paper bail.
2. Mount the optional pull tractor unit onto the printer. Grip the lock levers
on both side and push the unit downwards onto the platen roller shaft to
fit the tractor grips, as shown in Figure 1-14.
3. Place a stack of fanfold paper below the printer.
4. With the sprocket covers open, thread the paper over the sprockets from
the bottom of the printer, aligning holes with the pins on the sprockets.
5. Adjust the spacing of the sprockets by sliding them along the bar, using
the clamp lever at the back of each sprocket to release and lock the
sprocket in positin (when the lever is up, the sprocket may be moved, and
when it is down, the sprocket is locked).
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Pull tractor unit
Platen roller shaft
Figure I-14. Mounting the optional pull tractor unit
‘guru 1-75. Thread the fanfold paper over the sprodtets from the bottom of the printer.
6. Now close the sprocket covers, againmaking sure that the paper sprocket
holes are aligned with the pins on the sprockets. If they are not aligned
properly, you will have problems with paper feeding, possibly resulting
in tearing and jamming of the paper.
7. Mount the new top cover.
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Paper parking
After loading fanfold paper from the rear of the printer, you do not have to
unload it when you want to print on a single sheet. The printer will “park”
it for you if you follow the procedure below.
1. Paper parking starts with power ON, fanfold paper loaded in printing
position, the release lever up.
2. Press the ( ON LINE > button on the control panel to set the printer offline (ON LINE indicator off).
3. Tear off the printed form at the last perforation, leaving not more than
about half a page showing above the top cover. If necessary, press the
(PAPER FEED) button to feed paper forward until a perforation is located
just above the top cover, and tear there.
4. Press the ( sE&~&FT )button on the control panel.
The printer will automatically feed the fanfold form backward until the
paper is completely free of the platen.
5. Move the release lever to the down position.
6. Mount the paper guide in the upright position.
Now you can load single sheets either automatically or manually, as cxplained previously. The fanfold paper remains parked at the back of the
printer.
Paper unparking
When you want to resume using fanfold paper, the procedure is as follows.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove all single sheets from the printer.
Mount the paper guide in the horizontal position.
Move the release lever to the up position.
Press the ( s~&!&$F ) button. The printer will automatically feed the
parked fanfold paper into position for printing.
ADJUSTING
THE PRINTING GAP
The distance between the print head and the platen can be adjusted to
accommodate different paper thicknesses. To make this adjustment, remove
the top cover. The adjustment lever is located near the right end of the paper
bail. Pulling the adjustment lever upwards narrows the gap; pushing it
downwards widens the gap.
There are five positions; you can feel the lever clicking into each position.
The second position from the top is the one most commonly used for single
sheets of paper. Try different positions until you get the best printing results.
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Figure I-16. Adjusting for different thicknesses of paper
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Chapter 2
CONTROL PANEL OPERATIONS
The control panel buttons can be pressed singly to perform the operations
indicated by their names. Other functions can be obtained by holding these
buttons down when you turn the printer’s power on. Still further functions
can be executed by pressing the control panel buttons in combination.
This chapter explains all the button and indicator functions.
Pause printing
Feed paper (fast and slow, forward and reverse)
Park fanfold forms
Set the top-of-form position
Select the print pitch
Select a font style
Print test patterns
Prevent software from changing the panel pitch and font selections
Print a hexadecimal dump
Clear the printer’s buffer
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BUTTONS AND INDICATORS
The printer is equipped with five buttons on the control panel: from right to
left they are,( ON LINE ],(PAPER FEED> and( SEX&CT )(largerbuttons),
and (PITCH) and (3VEJ (smaller buttons).
The following is a brief guide to the buttons and indicators on the control
panel.
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Figure 2-1. Control panel
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ON LINE button
The ( ON LINE ) button sets the printer on-line and off-line. The state
changes each time you press the button.
In the on-line state the printer receives data from the computer and prints the
data. In the off-line state the printer stops printing and sends the computer
a signal indicating that it cannot accept data.
The printer powers up in the on-line state if paper is present. If paper is not
present, the printer powers up off-line with the POWER indicator flashing.
When you load paper the POWER indicator stops flashing, but the printer
remains off-line. To start printing you must press the ( ON LINE ) button
go on-line.
The three main times when you will want to press the(
are:
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ON LINE
)button
Before and after any other panel operation
The other panel buttons operate only in the off-line state. First press the
ON LINE )button to go off-line, then perform the panel operation, then
press the ( ON LINE ) button again to go back on-line.
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To pause during printing
If you press the ( ON LINE ) button during printing, the printer stops
printing and goes off-line, allowing you to check the printout or change a
control panel setting. Printing resumes when you press the ( ON LINE >
button again to go back on-line.
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To cut fanfold forms at the end of printing
When using fanfold forms, if you hold the ( ON LINE )button down for
one second, in addition to go off-line the printer feeds the paper about two
inches forward, allowing you to cut it off just below the last line printed.
When you press the ( ON LINE )button again to go back on-line, the paper
feeds backward about one inch, stopping in the right place to resume
printing.
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PAPER
FEED
button
If you press this button in off-line, the paper feeds forward. If you hold this
button down, the printer performs consecutive line feeds.
While you are feeding lines, if you also press the ( ON LINE > button, the
paper will feed to the top of the next page. This is explained later.
SET/EJECT
PARK button
Pressing this button causes the printer to execute paper loading if the paper
has not loaded while in the off-line state.
If the paper has been loaded, this button causes the printer in different
functions depending on the release lever position.
If the release lever is set to the upward position for the fanfold forms, this
button operates to park the fanfold forms to the backward position.
If the release lever is set to the downward position for the single sheets,
pressing this button ejects the paper.
This button has no effect if the optional pull tractor unit is mounted.
PRINT
PITCH button
This button selects the print pitch that will be printed. Remember that the
printer must be off-line for you to do this. Successive presses of this button
will illuminate (and select) the following options in this order:
Pitch
Pica
Elite
Condensed pica
Condensed elite
Pica proportional
Elite proportional
Indicator(s)
PICA
ELITE
PICA, COND
ELITE, COND
PICA, PROP
ELITE, PROP
Holding down this button will cycle continuously between these options.
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NLQ TYPE
STYLE
button
This button selects the font style to be printed. Draft style is always selected
at power-up. To change to one of the NLQ (near letter quality) styles, set the
printer off-line, then press the (STYLE)button repeatedly until the indicators
beside the desired selection illuminate. The selections cycle in the following order:
Font style
Draft
Courier
Courier italic
Sanserif
Sanserif italic
Orator
Orator italic
Indicator(s)
1
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(all indicators off)
COURIER
COURIER, ITALIC
SANSERIF
SANSERIF, ITALIC
ORATOR
ORATOR, ITALIC
Holding down this button will cycle continuously between these options.
The Orator style is unique in two ways. First, it is a lot larger (higher) than
the other styles. This makes it a good choice for labels and other text
requiring high visibility. A little extra line spacing helps when Orator is
used. Second, there are two versions of the Orator font style: one prints small
capitals in place of lower-case letters; the other prints lower-case letters, but
without descenders. The other font styles do not have a small-capitals
option. Lower case always prints as lower case.
You get the small capitals when you select Orator from the control panel.
The font style can also be selected by printer commands given in Chapter 4.
Printer commands enable you to select both Orator styles, and also draft
italic, which cannot be selected from the control panel.
POWER-UP FUNCTIONS
In addition to their normal functions, all the control panel buttons have
special functions that operate if you hold them down while switching power
on.
--F-A
Sray in p&d pitch
igure 2-2. Power-up functions of control panel
If the printer is turned on while the ( ON LINE ) button is pressed, the
printer will enter the short self-test mode. The printer will start printing as
soon as the ( ON LINE ) button is released, and will print the version
number of the printer’s ROM, followed by six lines of the character set.
Each line will be offset by one character from the one before it. The final
result will be something like the following.
I
I
Figure Z-3. Short self-test
Since the test print occupies the whole width of the carriage, it is recommended that the printer is loaded with continuous stationery to avoid
possible damage to the print head and/or platen.
21
Long test mode
If the printer is turned on while the (PAPER FEED) button is pressed, the
printer will enter the long self-test mode. The printer will start printing as
soon as the (PAPER FEED) button is released, and will print the version
number of the printer’s ROM, followed by the whole character set printed
in each font styles and pitch available.
The test cycles endlessly. To stop the test you must switch power off.
Since the test print occupies the whole width of the carriage, it is recommended that the printer is loaded with continuous stationery to avoid
possible damage to the print head and/orplaten. In addition, the total number
of lines printed is considerable, more than can be accomodated on a single
sheet, so fanfold paper is certainly suggested for this test.
Print area test mode
If you want to know how many lines on your paper can be printed, try to run
this print area test. By holding theC SE&!E&CT
)button down during powerup, the printer will enter the print area test mode. The printer will print the
first line message, then prints the last line message on your single sheet after
feeding the paper to the bottom of the paper.
If you have loaded the fanfold paper, the printer shows only the first line.
Stay in panel pitch
By holding the (PITCH)button down during power-up, you can prevent
software interference with the print pitch selected from the control panel.
You will hear an acknowledging beep as power comes on.
After the beep tone, you can set the printer off-line, select a print pitch, then
return to on-line and start printing. The pitch you selected will not be reset
or otherwise changed by any commands your software may issue.
22
-
?
Stay in panel style
If held down during power-up, the (STYLE)button prevents software intcrference with the font style selected from the control panel. There will be an
acknowledging beep, after which you can set the printer off-line, select a
font style, then return to the on-line state and start printing. The selected font
style will not be changed by any commands sent by software.
Stay in panel pitch and style
If you want to protect both the pitch and font style settings from software
changes, press the (PITCH)and (STYLE)buttons during power-up. There will
be a little long acknowledging beep.
Pressing these buttons during power-up does not prevent you from making
any number of changes later from the control panel.
Hexadecimal dump
This feature is useful for programmers who are debugging printing programs and want to see the actual codes the printer is receiving. (Some
computers change the codes the programmer intended.)
In this mode, all received data will be printed in a hexadecimal dump format,
rather than the control codes being acted on as command codes.
This mode is accessed with the following procedure:
1. Holding both the (PAPER FEED) and ( sE?X&cT ) buttons down, turn
power ON. A beep tone will be heard.
2. Start printing. In place of the usual printout you will get a formatted
dump showing exactly what data the printer receives. Each line presents
sixteen characters, their hexadecimal codes to the left and printable
characters printed on the right.
3. At the end of the hexadecimal dump, set the printer off-line with the
( ON LINE Ibutton. This is necessary to print the last line.
23
The following BASIC program is a simple test you can run in hexadecimal
mode:
10 FOR I=0 TO 255
20 LPRINT CHR$(I);
30 NEXT I
40 LPRINT
50 END
If your system passes the codes directly to the printer without changing
them, you will get a printout like Figure 2-4.
00 01 02 QT 1:,4 e:,9 I:,6 0,
08 09 0.4 OB cc
OD OE OF
10
21j
3,:)
11
:1
51
12
22
32
1:
23
33
14
24
34
15
25
75
16
26
36
17
27
:7
16
28
38
19
29
39
1A
?A
JA
1B
2R
3B
1C
2C
3C
1D
2D
3D
1E
2E
3E
1F
2F
.JF
41.1
50
60
70
80
90
41
51
61
71
Et1
91
42
52
62
72
82
92
4:
53
6?
73
83
93
44
54
64
74
84
94
45
55
65
75
85
95
46
56
66
76
86
96
47
57
67
77
87
97
Ai>
HO
CO
DO
El:,
FO
OD
Al
Hl
Cl
Dl
El
Fl
OA
A2
H2
C2
D2
E2
F2
A3
B3
Cz:
D3
ET
F3
A4
R4
C4
D4
E4
F4
A5
H5
C5
D5
E5
F5
cl6
H.6
C6
D6
Eb
Fb
A7
87
C7
07
E7
F7
48
58
68
78
88
98
638
R8
C8
49
59
69
79
89
99
A9
H9
C9
4A
5A
6A
7A
8A
9&
AA
BA
CA
4B
5B
6B
78
8P
9H
AH
BH
CH
4C
5C
6C
7C
8C
9C
PC
BC
CC
4D
5D
6D
7D
ED
9D
AD
BD
CD
4E
5E
6E
7E
8E
9E
AE
BE
CE
4F
5F
6F
7F
BF
9F
AF
BF
CF
DB
E8
FB
D9
E9
F9
DA
EA
FA
DB
EB
FB
DC
EC
FC
DD
ED
FD
DE
EE
FE
QF
EF
FF
Figure 2-4. Sample hexadecimal
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
‘“XB%b’ot+.-./
0123456789:
; <=.‘.‘?
B&BCDEFGHI
JK.LM’qO
PQRSTUVWXYZC\1’.abcdefghlJklmno
pqrstuvwxyz~~
I >‘.
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
. .
dump
Most BASICS, however, are not quite that straightforward. For example, the
IBM-PC prints the following.
630
OF
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
AC1
BO
CO
DO
EO
FO
OD
24
01 02
10 11
2 1 22
31 32
41 42
51 52
61 62
71 72
El
82
91 92
Al
A2
Hl
n2
Cl
C2
Di
D2
El
E2
Fl
F2
OA
03
12
23
33
43
53
63
73
83
93
A3
H3
CT
D;
E:
F:
04
13
24
34
44
54
64
74
84
94
A4
B4
C4
D4
E4
F4
05
14
25
35
45
55
65
75
a5
95
A5
85
C5
D5
ES
F5
06
15
26
36
46
56
66
76
86
96
Ah
B6
C6
D6
E6
F6
07
16
27
37
47
57
67
77
87
97
A7
87
C7
D7
E7
F7
08
17
28
38
48
58
68
78
88
9B
W
BE
C8
DB
EEI
FB
09
1E
29
39
49
59
69
79
89
99
A9
B9
C9
D9
E9
F9
OA
19
2A
3A
4A
5A
6A
[email protected]
86
9A
AFI
HA
CCI
DA
EA
FA
OB
18
28
3B
48
55
6R
7B
ER
98
FIB
RH
CB
DB
EB
FB
DC
1C
2C
3C
4C
SC
6C
7C
8C
9C
AC
I3C
CC
DC
EC
FC
OD
1D
2D
3D
4D
5D
6D
7D
8D
9D
AD
HD
CD
DD
ED
FD
OPI
1E
2E
3E
4E
5E
6E
7E
BE
9E
AE
BE
CE
DE
EE
FE
OE
1F
2F
3F
4F
5F
6F
7F
8F
9F
AF
BF
CF
DF
EF
FF
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
! “#*%L’
() :+, -. /
01234567E9:;<=>?
BABCDEFWIIJKLMNO
PQRSTUVWXYZC\l*‘abcdefghi
jklmna
pqrstuvwxyzC
I >*.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. .
When the IBM-PC BASIC interpreter sends hex code OD (carriage return)
it adds an extra hex OA (iine feed). Hex code 1A (end-of-file) also gets
special treatment: the interpreter does not send it at all. This can cause
problems that generate graphics or download character data, but there is a
solution. Try changing line 20 in the preceding program and adding the
coding shown below.
Coding for IBM-PC with monochrome display:
20 GOSUB 100
100 O=INP(&H379)
110 OUT &H378.1
120 RETURN
:IF 0<128
THEN 100
:OUT &H37A,5
:OUT GH37A.4
Coding for IBM-PC with color adapter:
20 GOSUB 100
100 O=INP(&H3BD)
110 OUT &H3BC,I
12 0 RETURN
THEN 100
: IF 0<128
:OUT &H3BE,5
:OUT LH3BE.4
SWITCH COMBINATION
FUNCTIONS
Several additional functions can be obtained by pressing the control panel
buttons in combinations.
-FF-A
Top of form
Clearing the buffer
If you are using single sheets, this operation ejects the current page. If you
are using fanfold forms, it feeds to the top of the next page.
1. Press the ( ON LINE ) button to set the printer off-line.
2. Press the (PAPER FEED) button and hold it down. The printer will start
performing successive line feeds.
3. Still holding the (PAPER FEED) button down, press the ( ON LINE )
button, then release both buttons. The printer will smoothly eject the
current page.
Top of form
When you turn on printer power, the top-of-form position is automatically
set to the current position. If this is not where you want the top of the page
to be, you can change the top-of-form position as follows.
1. Press the ( ON LINE >button to set the printer off-line.
2. Move the paper to the desired top-of-form position by pressing the
(PAPER
FEED]
button, orbyperforming a forward or reverse micro-feed.
3. Press and hold the ( ON LINE > button.
4. Press and hold the (PITCH)button.
5. Release both buttons at the same time. The printer will beep to indicate
that the top-of-form position has been set.
Forward micro-feed
For line alignment, you can feed the paper forward in very small increments
as follows:
1. Press the ( ON LINE ) button to set the printer off-line.
2. Press the ( ON LINE ) button again and hold it down.
3. Press the (PAPER FEED) button. The paper will start advancing in a series
of small steps. When you want to stop, release both buttons.
Reverse micro-feed
You can also feed the paper in small increments in reverse, to return to a
higher position on the same page.
Note:With fanfold forms, do not try to return to a previous page. The perforation may catch inside the printer.
Press the ( ON LINE 1 button to set the printer off-line.
2. Press the ( ON LINE ) button again and hold it down.
3. Press the ( s~&/[email protected]~ )button. The paper will start moving backwards
in a series of small steps. When you want to stop, release both buttons.
1.
27
Clearing the buffer
When DIP switch 2-l is ON, the printer stores received data in a large
memory buffer. This creates a problem when you want to abandon a printing
job and restart: the printer may be holding much more data in its buffer than
it has actually printed, and this unprinted data must be cleared out before
restarting. Turning power off is one way to clear the buffer, but there is
another way:
1. Halt the printing program on the computer. If printing stops immediately, the buffer is clear and the rest of this procedure is unnecessary. If
printing does not stop, continue as follows:
2. Press the ( ON LINE ) button to set the printer off-line. Printing will
now stop, but there may be data remaining in the buffer.
3. Press and hold the ( ON LINE ) button.
4. Press and hold the (STYLE)button. Continue holding these two buttons
down. In about three seconds you will hear a beep tone signaling that the
buffer has been cleared.
5. Release these buttons, make any necessary control panel settings, then
set the printer back on-line.
It is essential to halt the printing program on the computer before you go offline. Otherwise, when you go back on-line the computer will start sending
data again and the printer will continue printing, with missing data where the
buffer was cleared.
28
.
Chapter 3
D/P SWITCH SETTINGS
The bank of DIP (Dual In-line Package) switches inside the printer is used
for various functions.
This chapter explains where the DIP switches are located, and how to use
them.
..._
LOCATION OF THE DIP SWITCHES
When you remove the printer’s cover and look inside, you will see on the
green board at the bottom of the printer two groups of small white switches
marked DSWl and DSW2. These are the printer’s DIP switches. DSWl has
eight switches, named l- 1 to l-8 from left to right. DS W2 has four switches
named 2-l to 2-4.
Figure 3-7. DIP switches
For all switches, the ON position is towards the back of the printer and the
OFF position is towards the front. To set a DIP switch, use a ballpoint pen
or other small implement to move the switch to the ON or OFF position.
The printer’s power should be off when you set the DIP switches. Settings
made while power is on do not take effect until power is switched off, then
on again, because the printer reads the DIP switches only at power-up.
29
b; FUNCTIONS
OF THE DIP SWITCHES
The printer is delivered with all DIP switch set to the ON position. These are
the standard settings. By changing the settings, you can alter various printer
functions to match your requirements. The following questions will help
you make the right settings.
2-2
2-3
2-4
Switch l-l:
I,
/
Internationalcharacter set
Is the page length of your paper 11 inches or 12 inches?
Leave this switch ON if you will be using 1l-inch forms. Move it to the OFF
position if you will be using 12-inch forms.
Switch 1-2:
Do you want an automatic carriage return?
Leave this switch ON. The printer will automatically perform a carriage
return by moving to the left margin at each line feed. Even if your software
sends a separate carriage-return code, an extra carriage return does no harm
because two consecutive carriage returns are the same as one. Very few programs require this switch to be OFF.
30
4
Switch 1-3: Which type of printing area format do you want to use for
single sheets?
This printer can use two types of printing area format for single sheets. By
putting the switch ON (“A type”), the top of the first line of printing will start
to one inch from the top of the paper, and the printed area will end to print
one inch from the bottom of the paper.
By putting the switch OFF (“B type”), the top of the first line of printing will
start l/6 inch from the top of the paper, and the printed area will end l/3 inch
from the bottom of the paper.
Switch 1-4: Are you going to use the automatic sheet feeder (ASF)?
To use the automatic sheet feeder, move this switch to the OFF position.
Otherwise leave it ON.
Switch 1-5: Do you want the printer to stop printing at the end of the paper,
or to keep printing?
Leave this switch ON except when you need to print very close to the end
of the paper. When this switch is OFF the printer ignores the paper-out
detector and prints down to (and beyond) the bottom edge.
Switch 1-6: Do you want to use the printer in standard mode or IBMmode?
Select the mode compatible with your computer and software. In standard
mode the printer operates like the Epson FX- 1050. In IBM mode it operates
like the IBM Proprinter XL. The ON position selects standard mode. The
OFF position selects IBM mode.
Switch 1-7: The action of this switch depends on the mode chosen with
switch 1-6.
If you selected standard mode, do you want italics or graphic charactes?
Leave this switch ON to print italics in the standard character set. If you set
this switch to the OFF position, in place of italics you will get the graphic
characters, international characters, and mathematical symbols of IBM
character set #2. See Chapter 9, character codes 128 to 254.
If you selected IBM mode, do you want IBM character set #l or #2?
ON selects character set #2, which is for computers with an E-bit interface
(the most common kind). OFF sclccts character set #l, for computers with
a 7-bit interface.
Switch 1-8: Do you want an automatic line feed?
If you leave this switch at the ON position, a separate line-feed code is
required to obtain a line feed.
If you move this switch to the OFF position, the printer performs both a
carriage return and line feed each time it receives a carriage-return code.
Most computer systems send a line feed code, or both a carriage return and
line feed, at the end of each line, so this switch should be left ON.
If you get double line spacing when you expect single spacing, or if lines
overprint each other, try changing the setting of this switch.
Switch 2-1: Does your software download new characters to the printer?
To download characters this switch must be OFF. The printer then uses its
RAM memory for storing character patterns and provides only a one-line
print buffer. If you leave this switch ON the printer uses its RAM memory
as an input buffer, allowing the computer to send data faster than the printer
prints.
Switches 2-2 to 2-4: Do you want an international character set?
International character sets differ in their assignment of 14 character codes.
See the character tables at the back of this manual. With the DIP switches
you can select one of eight character sets as follows:
* Denmark/Norway when switch l-6 is OFF and switch l-7 is ON.
32
?
Chapter 4
PRINTER CONTROL COMMANDS
The printer has two emulation modes: Standard mode and IBM mode.
In standard mode, the printer emulates the functions of the Epson FX- 1050.
In IBM mode, the printer emulates the IBM Proprinter XL. Additional
command codes are included as a superset of these emulations.
The emulation is changed by means of DIP switch 1-6. When ON, the printer
will be in standard mode, and when OFF, the printer will be in IBM
emulation mode (see Chapter 3). It is not possible to change the emulation
mode by means of software control or the front control panel.
This chapter describes the printer’s control commands. Some commands are
common to both the standard and IBMmodes. In the descriptions of the commands, all commands will be given by function. The name of each command
is followed by a table like the one below:
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“x”
<ESC>
“XI’ <l>
“1”
Hexadecimal
27 120 49
1B
78 31
27 120
18
78 01
1
Mode:
Indicates the mode in which the command is rccognized.
Std. Standard mode (DIP switch l-6 on)
IBM IBM mode (DIP switch l-6 off)
Both Both standard and IBM modes
ASCII:
Indicates the ASCII coding of the command.
Control characters are enclosed in pointed brackets: For example, CO>means character code 0.
Decimal:
Gives the command in decimal character codes.
Hexadecimal:
Gives the command in hexadecimal character
codes.
Parameters for which values must be supplied are indicated by italic letters
such as n.
Many commands have alternative forms. Some commands use <ESC>
(character code 27) in Standard mode and <FS> (character code 28) in IBM
mode. Other commands have parameters that can be specified as either
character codes or digit characters, like the parameter 1 in the sample
command above.
FONT CONTROL COMMANDS
Select draft quality characters
Mode
Both
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
‘L(6‘
‘L(“
‘SF’
“)”
“)”
“y.
Hexadecimal
40 40 70 41 41 57
28 28 46 29 29 39
27 120 48
1B
78 30
<ESC>
“x1’ “0”
<ESC>
“X” <o>
0
1B
<ES3
“I”
“0”
1 27 73 40
1 1B
49
30
<ESC>
“I”
<o>
12773
1 1B
49
00
27 120
0
78 00
Changes from near letter quality to draft quality. Ignored if the
(3TViT) button was pressed during power-up.
Select draft elite characters
Mode
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“I”
“1”
27 73 49
1B
49
31
<ESC>
“I”
<l>
27 73
1B
49
01
1
Changes to draft quality characters with elite pitch (12 cpi). Ignored
if the (STYLE)or(ITKiT) button was pressed during power-up.
Select NLQ characters
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“x”
“1”
<ESC>
“XI’ <l>
Hexadecimal
27 120 49
1B
78 31
27 120
1B
78 01
1
Changes from draft quality to near letter quality. The initial NLQ
type style is Courier unless a different style has been selected by a
preceding command. Ignored if the (STYLE)button was pressed
during power-up.
34
Select NLQ type style
Hexadecimal
Decimal
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
“k”
27 107
n
n
IB 6B
n
Selects an NLQ type style according to the value of n. In draft mode,
this command remains dormant and takes effect later when NLQ is
selected by <ES0 “x” 1. Ignored if the (m)
button was pressed
during power-up.
n
0
1
2
3
Type style
Courier (initial value)
Sanserif
Orator with small capitals
Orator with lower case
Select Courier characters
Mode
Both
IBM
"("
"("
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
9"'
")"
'I)" "0"
“3”
40 40 70 41 41 48
28 28 46 29 29 30
27
73 51
1B
49 33
3
1B
49 03
73 55
1B
49 37
1B
49
<ESC>
“I”
<ESC>
"I" <3>
27 73
<ESC>
“I" "7"
27
<ESC>
"I" <7>
27 73
7
07
Changes to the Courier NLQ font. Ignored if the (STYLE)button was
pressed during power-up.
Select Sanserif characters
Mode
Both
IBM
“(”
“(”
<ESC>
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
“F”
“I”
“)”
“2”
"I" <2>
“)”
“1”
40 40 70 41 41 49
28 28 46 29 29 31
27 73 50
1B
49
27
IB
49 02
73
2
32
Changes to the Sanserif NLQ font. Ignored if the (V?‘iX) button was
pressed during power-up.
h
Select Orator characters with small capitals
/Mode 11
Both
ASCII
“(”
“(”
1
I
“F’
“)”
“)”
“2”
1
Decimal
40 40 70 41 41 50
II
Hexadecimal
1
28 28 46 29 29 32
Changes to the Orator with samll captitals NLQ font. Ignored if the
(sTvLE)button was pressed during power-up.
Select Orator characters with lower case
Mode
Both
ASCII
“(”
“(”
Decimal
“F’
I’)”
I‘)”
“3”
40 40 70 41 41 51
Hexadecimal
28 28 46 29 29 33
.-
Changes to the Orator with lower case NLQ font. Ignored if the
(STYLE)button was pressed during power-up.
Select italic characters
Mode
Both
Std.
1 IBM 1
ASCII
“(”
“(”
Decimal
“I”
“)”
“),’
“1”
40 40 73 41 41 49
Hexadecimal
28 28 49 29 29 31
<ESC>
“4”
27 52
1B
34
<FS>
“4”
1 28 52
I 1c
34
I
Causes subsequent characters to be printed in italics. Ignored if the
(STYLE)button was pressed during power-up.
Select upright characters
Mode
Both
ASCII
“(”
“(‘I
Decimal
“I”
“)”
“)”
“0”
40 40 73 41 41 48
Hexadecimal
28 28 49 29 29 30
Std.
<ESC>
“5”
27 53
1B
35
IBM
<FS>
‘5”
28 53
1c
35
Stops italic printing and causes subsequent characters to be printed
upright. Ignored if the (sTvLE)button was pressed during power-up.
Emphasized printing
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“E”
27 69
Hexadecimal
1B
45
Causes subsequent draft characters to be emphasized by adding
extra thickness to vertical strokes.
36
-
Cancel emphasized printing
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
27
“F”
Hexadecimal
70
1B 46
Cancels emphasized printing.
Double-s trike printing
Mode
Both.
ASCII
“ .‘
6‘ ‘6 “B”
(
(
<ESC> “G”
Decimal
“)”
“)”
“1”
Hexadecimal
40 40 66 41 41 49
28 28 42 29 29 31
27
1B
71
47
Causes subsequent characters to be printed in double-strike mode
with a slight vertical paper motion in between, causing a thickening
of horizontal strokes.
For bold print, use of double-strike is recommended in NLQ mode,
and combined use of emphasized and double-strike is rccommended in draft mode.
Double-strike cannot be used with superscripts or subscripts.
Cancel double-strike printing
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
L‘ 6‘ “ 6‘
(
(
<ESC>
“B”
“)”
“)”
“0”
40 40 66 41 41 48
27
“H”
Hexadecimal
28 28 42 29 29 30
IB 48
72
Cancels double-strike printing.
Start underlining
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
6.( 1‘
6‘(<‘
“_..
<EfjC>
“-”
<ESC>
“-” <l>
“1”
“)”
“)”
“1”
Hexadecimal
40 40 45 41 41 49
28 28 2~ 29 29 31
27 45 49
1B 2D
31
27 45
18 20
01
1
Causes subsequent characters to be underlined. IBM block graphics
characters and spaces skipped by horizontal tabulation are not
underlined.
37
Stop underlining
Mode
Hexadecimal
40 40 45 41 41 48
28 28 2D 29 29 30
<ESC>
“-”
“0”
27 45 48
1B 2D
30
<ESC>
“-”
<0>
27 45
1B 2D
00
‘, (L‘
Both
Decimal
ASCII
‘6(“
‘.-..
“)”
“)”
“0”
0
Stops underlining.
Start overlining
Mode
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“ _ “ “1”
” _“ <l>
27 95 49
1B 5F
31
27 95
1B 5F
01
1
Causes subsequent characters to be overlined. Spaces skipped by
horizontal tabulation are not overlined.
Stop 0 verlining
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
*‘_“ “0”
“ _ “ <O>
27 95 48
1B 5F
30
27 95
1B 5F
OO
0
Stops overlining.
Superscript
Mode
Both .
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“S”
<ESC>
“S” <O>
“0”
27 83 48
1B
53 30
27 83
18
53 00
0
Causes subsequent characters to be printed as superscripts. Does not
change the character pitch.
Subscript
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“S”
<ESC>
“S” <l>
“1”
27 83 49
1B
53 31
27 83
1B
53 01
1
Causes subsequent characters to be printed as subscripts. Does not
change the character pitch.
38
_
Cancel superscript or subscript
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
Both 1 <ESC>
Hexadecimal
27 84
‘7”
IB
54
Stops printing superscripts or subscripts and returns to normal
printing.
CHARACTER
SET COMMANDS
Select standard character set
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“t”
“0”
27 116 48
18
74 30
<ESC>
“t”
<o>
27 116
1B
74 00
0
Selects the standard character set. This is the power-up default in
Standard mode if DIP switch l-7 is ON.
Select IBM character set
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“t”
“1”
27 116 49
1B
74 31
<ESC>
‘I”
<l>
27 116
1B
74 01
1
Selects an IBM character set. This is the power-up default in IBM
mode.
Select character set #I
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“7”
27 55
Hexadecimal
1B
37
Selects character set #l .
Select character set #2
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“6”
Selects character set #2.
27 54
Hexadecimal
1B
36
Select international character set
Decimal
Hexadecimal
Mode
ASCII
Std.
cESC>
“R”
n
27 82
n
IB
52
n
IBM
<FS>
“R”
n
28 82
n
1C
52
n
Selects an international character set according to the value of n.
n
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
n
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Character set
U.S.A
France
Germany
England
Denmark I
Sweden
Italy
Character set
Spain I
Japan
Norway
Denmark II
Spain II
Latin America
Denmark/Norway
The first eight of these character sets (from U.S.A. to Spain I) can
be selected as power-up defaults by DIP switches 2-2 to 2-4.
Enable printing of all character codes
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC>
Decimal
‘I”
nl
n2
27 92 nl
Hexadecimal
n2
IB 5C nl n2
Enables printing of all characters in the IBM character set, including
those assigned to character codes which are normally considered
control codes. This command remains in effect for the next nl + n2
x 256 characters, where nl and n2 are numbers between 0 and 255.
During this interval no control functions are executed. If a code with
no assigned character is received, the printer prints a space.
Enable printing of all character codes on next
character
IMode 1
ASCII
1 IBM 1 <ESC>
” *”
1 Decimal
1
1 27 94
1 IB 5E
This command operates like <ES0
effect for only one character.
Hexadecimal
‘Y’ except that it remains in
1
I
Select slash zero
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“ a “ “1”
27 126 49
1B 7E
31
<ESC>
‘1- 1‘ <l>
27 126
1B 7E
01
1
Causes subsequent zero characters to be overprinted with a slash
@Il.
Select normal zero
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC> “ - “ “0”
27 126 48
1B 7E
30
<ESC>
27 126
IB 7E
00
6’- 1‘ <()>
0
Causes subsequent zero characters to be printed normally (0),
without a slash.
CHARACTER
SIZE AND PITCH COMMANDS
Pica pitch
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
IBM
Decimal
“I”’
<DC2>
Hexadecimal
27 80
IB
ia
12
50
In Standard mode, changes from elite to pica pitch (10 cpi) or from
condensed elite to condensed pica (17 cpi). In IBM mode, changes
from either elite or condensed to pica (10 cpi). Ignored if the(FiiTFi]
button was pressed during power-up.
Elite pitch
Decimal
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
“M”
IBM
<ESC>
“:”
27
Hexadecimal
77
1B 4D
27 58
IB 3A
In Standard mode, changes from pica to elite pitch (12 cpi) or from
condensed pica to condensed elite (20 cpi). In IBM mode, changes
from either pica or condensed to elite (12 cpi). Ignored if the (PITCH)
button was pressed during power-up.
41
Condensed printing
Mode
Both
<Sb
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<Sb
15
OF
27 15
1B OF
In Standard mode, changes from pica to condensed pica (17 cpi) or
from elite to condensed elite (20 cpi). In IBM mode, changes from
either pica or elite to condensed (17 cpi). Ignored if the (PITCH)
button was pressed during power-up.
Cancel condensed printing
Mode
Both
-’
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
12
ia
<DC2>
In Standard mode, changes from condensed pica to normal pica or
from condensed elite to normal elite. In IBM mode, always changes
to normal pica. Ignored if the (PITCH)button was pressed during
power-up.
Expanded printing
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
‘TV” “1”
27 87 49
1B
57
<ESC>
“w”
27 87
1B
57 01
<l>
1
31
Causes subsequent characters to be expanded to double width.
Cancel expanded printing
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“W” “0”
27 87 48
1B
57 30
<ESC>
“w”
27 87
1B
57 00
<0>
0
Stops expanded printing and returns to normal width.
42
-
Expanded printing for one line
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<so>
<ESC> <SO>
14
OE
27 14
1B OE
Causes subsequent characters in the current line to be expanded to
double width. Characters return to normal width after the next line
feed (<LF>). The cDC4>, <VT>, d;F>, and <ESC> “W” 0 commands also cancel expanded printing.
Cancel one-line expanded printing
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
14
20
<Dc4>
Stops one-line expanded printing set with <SO> or cESC> <SO>.
Does not cancel cESC> “W” 1.
Select proportional spacing
Mode
Both
IBM
ASCII
Decimal
cESC>
Hexadecimal
“1”
1B
70 31
<ESC>
“p”
“p”
27 112 49
<l>
27 112
1
16
70 01
<ESC>
“P” <l>
27 80
1
1B
50 01
Causes subsequent characters to be proportionally spaced. Ignored
if the (PITCH)button was pressed during power-up.
Select fixed spacing
Mode
Both
“p”
<ESC>
“D” co>
IBM 1 <ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“p”
“0”
<O>
27 112 48
1B
27 112
0
1B
70 00
0
( 1B
50 00
12780
70 30
Causes subsequent characters to be printed with fixed character
spacing. Ignored if [email protected])button was pressed during power-up.
Select master print mode
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“!”
n
27 33
Hexadecimal
n
1B
21
n
Selects a combined print mode according to the value of n. The
value of n is the sum of the values given below for the desired characteristics.
Examples: n = 1 gives elite; n = 9 (1 + 8) gives emphasized elite; n
= 137 (1 + 8 + 128) gives underlined emphasized elite.
n value
128
64
32
16
8
4
2
1
Function
Underline
Italic [*l]
Expanded
Double strike
Emphasized
Condensed [*2]
Proportional [ *2]
Elite [*2]
[*l] Ignored if the (STYLE)buttonwas pressed during power-up.
[*2] Ignored if the (PITCH)button was pressed during power-up.
Increase character spacing
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
<SP>
n
27 32
n
1B
20
n
Increases the space between characters by n/240 inches, where n is
a number from 0 to 127. Used in microjustification.
Select double or quadruple size
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“h”
n
27 104
n
Hexadecimal
1B
66
n
Selects the size of subsequent characters as shown below. Extrahigh characters align along the cap-line of normal characters, with
the base line temporarily moving down. Line spacing is temporarily
doubled when n = 1,5 or 6 and quadrupled when n = 2. To print
correctly when n = 3,4,5 or 6, set the line spacing to 24/216 (l/9)
44
of an inch with <ES0 “3” <24>, and print the same characters
twice, upper half on one line, lower half on the next. For accurate
alignment of the two halves, select unidirectional printing with
<ESC> “U” <l>.
n
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Effect
Normal size
Double-high, double-wide
Quadruple-high, quadruple-wide
Double-high, double-wide (Lower half only)
Double-high, double-wide (Upper half only)
Quadruple-high, quadruple-wide (Lower half only)
Quadruple-high, quadruple-wide (Upper half only)
Select character size
Mode
Both
ASCII
“(”
“(”
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“S”
“)”
6.)”
n
40 40 a3 41 41 n
28 28 53 29 29 n
Selects a combinationof characterheight and width according to the
value of n, as below. Does not move the base line.
n
0
1
2
3
Character height
Single height
Single height
Double height
Double height
Character width
Single width
Double width
Single width
Double width
Double-height characters are always printed at near letter quality.
Double height printing temporarily cancels the super/subscript and
condensed printing modes, but these modes resume when the
printer returns to normal height.
Print double-height characters
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“w”
<ESC>
“w” <l>
“1”
27 119 49
1B
77 31
27 119
1B
77 01
1
Prints subsequent characters at double height without moving the
base line, and without changing the line spacing. Temporarily
cancels super/subscript and condensed printing modes.
4.5
Return to normal height
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
Both
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“w”
“0”
27 119 48
1B
77 30
<ESC>
“w"
<0>
27 119
1B
77 00
0
Terminates double-height printing and prints subsequent characters
at normal height. Resumes super/subscript and condensed printing
if these modes were in effect-before double height was selected.
Select character height, width, and line spacing
1
ASCII
1
<ESC>
“[”
CO>
“@”
CO>
<4>
n
<0>
m
1
Decimal
27 91 64
0
4
0
Hexadecimal
1B 58
Onm
40 04
1
00
OOOOnm
Selects a combination of character height, width, and line spacing
according to the value of n and m, as below. Does not move the base
line.
n
0
1
2
16
17
18
32
33
34
m
r
-2
Line spacing
Character height
Unchanged
Unchanged
Unchanged
Single
Single
Single
Double
Double
Double
Unchanged
Single height
Double height
Unchanged
Single height
Double height
Unchanged
Single height
Double height
Character width
Single width (same as cESC> “W” 0)
Double width (same as <ES0 “W” 1)
Double-height characters are always printed at near letter quality.
Double height printing temporarily cancels the super/subscript and
condensed printing modes, but these modes resume when the
printer returns to normal height.
46
‘-
VERTICAL
POSITION COMMANDS
Set line spacing to l/8 inch
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
27 48
“0”
1B
30
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line
feeds to l/8 inch.
Set line spacing to 7172inch
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
27 49
“1”
1B
31
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line
feeds to 7/72 inch.
Set line spacing to l/6 inch
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
27 50
“2”
1B
32
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line
feeds to l/6 inch.
Set line spacing to n/216 inch
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“3"
n
27 51
Hexadecimal
n
1B
33
n
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line
feeds to n/216 inch, where n is between 0 and 255. If n= 0, in
Standard mode the line-feed distance is set to 0, but in IBM mode
this command is ignored.
47
Set line spacing to n/72 inch
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“A”
27 65
n
n
Hexadecimal
1B
41
n
In Standard mode, sets the distance the paper advances or reverses
in subsequent line feeds to n/72 inch, where n is between 0 and 85.
If II =O, the line spacing is set to 0.
In IBM mode this command does the same except that (1) the new
line spacing does not take effect until the next <ES0 “2”
command, and (2) if n = 0, the <ES0 “A” command is ignored.
Execute <ES&
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC>
“‘A”
Decimal
“2”
27 50
Hexadecimal
1B
32
Sets the line spacing to the value defined by the last preceding
<ESC> “A” command. Sets the line spacing to l/6 inch if there is
no preceding <ES0 “A” command.
Line feed
Mode
ASCII
Both 1
<LF>
Decimal
I 10
Hexadecimal
1 OA
Prints the current line and feeds the paper to the next line. If DIP
switch l-2 is ON, also moves the next print position to the left
margin. See the preceding commands for the line spacing.
Reverse line feed
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC> <LF>
Decimal
27 10
Hexadecimal
1B OA
Prints the current line and feeds the paper in the reverse direction to
the preceding line. If DIP switch l-2 is ON, also moves the next print
position to the left margin. See the preceding commands for the line
spacing. Ignored when friction feed is used.
48
Perform one w’2164nch line feed
Mode
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
“J-’
27 74
n
1B 4A
n
n
Feeds the paper once by n/2 16 inches, where n is between 1 and 255.
Does not move the print position right or left when DIP switch l-2
is OFF. Does not change the line-spacing setting.
Perform one n/2164nch reverse line feed
-_
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“‘j”
27 106
n
1B 6A
n
n
Feeds the paper once by n/2 16 inches in the reverse direction, where
n is between 1 and 255. Does not move the print position right or left
when DIP switch l-2 is OFF. Does not change the line-spacing
setting.
Feed paper n lines
Hexadecimal
Decimal
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
“f’
“1”
n
27 102 49
n
1B
66 31
n
<ES&
“f’
<l>
n
27 102
n
1B
66 01
n
1
Feeds the paper n lines from the current line, where n is between 0
and 127.
Set top of page at current position
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC>
Decimal
“4”
27 52
Hexadecimal
1B
34
Sets the current position as the top-of-page position. Note that this
can also be done from the control panel.
49
Set page length to n lines
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“C”
27 67
n
n
1B
43
n
Sets the page length to n lines in the current line spacing, where n
is between 1 and 127 in Standard mode or between 1 and 255 in IBM
mode. Changing the line spacing later does not alter the physical
page length. The current line becomes the top of the page.
/
Set page length to n inches
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“C”
-co>
n
27 67
0
n
1B
43
00
n
Sets the page length to n inches, where n is between 1 and 22 in
Standard mode or between 1 and 127 in IBM mode. The current line
becomes the top of the page.
Set top margin
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“c”
n
27 99
Hexadecimal
n
18
63
n
Sets the top margin to nlines, where n is between 1 and 255. Printing
begins on the nth line on the page. The power-up default is n = 1,
giving no top margin.
Set bottom margin
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“IT’
n
27 70
n
Hexadecimal
1B 4E
n
Sets the bottom margin to n lines, where n is between 1 and 127 in
Standard mode or between 1 and 255 in IBM mode. The bottom
margin is reset when you change the page length.
50
-
Cancel top and bottom margins
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“0”
27
79
Hexadecimal
IB 4F
Cancels both the top margin and the bottom margin.
Form feed
Mode
ASCII
Both
<FF>
Decimal
12
Hexadecimal
OC
Feeds the paper to the top of the next page according to the current
page length, and moves the print position to the left margin. When
the automatic sheet feeder (ASF) is selected (DIP switch l-4 is
OFF), this command ejects the current page.
Return to top of current page
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC> <FF>
27
12
Hexadecimal
IB OC
Feeds the paper backward to the top of the current page. Ignored
when friction feed is used.
Disable paper-out detector
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“8”
27 56
Hexadecimal
18
38
Causes the printer to disregard the signal sent by the paper-out
detector, enabling printing to the bottom of the paper. Overrides the
setting of DIP switch 1-5.
Enable paper-out detector
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“9”
27 57
Hexadecimal
iB
39
Causes the printer to stop printing before the end of the paper.
Overrides the setting of DIP switch 1-5.
51
Set vertical tab stops
IMode 1 ASCII
I
Both 1 <ESC>
1 Decimal
“B”
nl
n2
...
CO>
1
27 66 nl n2 ...
0
Hexadecimal
1B 42 nl n2 ... 00
Cancels all current vertical tab stops and sets new vertical tab stops
at lines nl, n2, etc., where nl, n2, etc. are numbers between 1 and
255. A maximum of 16 vertical tab stops can be set. The tab stops
must be specified in ascending order, any violation of ascending
order terminates the tab stop list. Standard termination is by the <O>
control code. The vertical tab stops are set in terms of the current line
spacing and do not move if the line spacing is changed later.
Set vertical tab stops every n lines
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“e”
“1”
n
27 101 49
n
18
65 31
n
<ESC>
“e”
-A>
n
27 101
n
1B
65 01
n
1
Cancels all current vertical tab stops and sets new tab stops every n
lines, where n is between 1 and 127.
Set vertical tab stops in channel
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“b”
n0
27 98 n0 nl
nl
n2
Hexadecimal
.. .
<o>
n2
1B
.. . 0
62 nO nl
F7.2.. . 00
Cancels all current vertical tab stops in channel n0, (where n0 is
between 0 and 7) and sets new vertical tab stops in this channel. (A
channel is a set of vertical tab stops selected by the cESC> “/”
command.) See <ESC> “B” for parameters nl, n2, .. . -CO>.
Select vertical tab channel
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“f’
n0
27 47
n
Hexadecimal
1B 2F n0
Selects a set of vertical tab stops designated by a channel number
(n0) from 0 to 7. The tab stops in each channel are set by cESC> “b”.
52
Vertical tab
Mode
ASCII
Both
<VT>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
OB
11
Feeds the paper to the next vertical tab stop and moves the print
position to the left margin. Performs a line feed if no vertical tabs arc
set, as at power-up. Feeds to the top of the next page if vertical tabs
are set but the current line is at or below the last vertical tab stop.
HORIZONTAL
POSITION COMMANDS
Set left margin
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“1”
n
27 108
Hexadecimal
n
IB 6C
n
Sets the left margin at column n (where n is between 0 and 255) in
the current character pitch (pica pitch if proportional spacing is
selected). The left margin does not move if the character pitch is
changed later. The left margin must be at least two columns to the
left of the right margin and within the limits below:
Pica
Elite
Condensed pica
Condensed elite
Expanded pica
Expanded elite
Expanded condensed pica
Expanded condensed elite
132
0 5 n I 158
Olnl
0 I nI
0 I nI
OInI66
O<n579
OInS
Olnl
226
255
112
132
53
r
Set right margin
Mode
Std.
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
<ES6
<FS>
Hexadecimal
“Q”
n
27 01
n
18
51
n
“Q”
n
28 81
n
1C
51
n
Sets the right margin at column n in the current character pitch (pica
pitch if proportional spacing is currently selected). Column n
becomes the last character position in the line. The right margin does
not move if the character pitch is changed later. The right margin
must be within the limits below:
Pica
Elite
Condensed pica
Condensed elite
Expanded pica
Expanded elite
Expanded condensed pica
Expanded condensed elite
4 I n I 136
5 In5163
7 I n I 233
8 5 n I 255
2In168
31n181
41n1116
41ns136
Set left and right margins
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“X”
nl
n2
27 88 nl
n2
1B
58 nl
n2
Sets the left margin at column nl and the right margin at column n2.
See the preceding commands for margin restrictions and other
notes.
Carriage return
Mode
ASCII
Both
<CR>
Decimal
13
Hexadecimal
OD
Prints the current line and returns the next print position to the left
margin. If DIP switch l-8 is ON, also performs a line feed.
Set automatic line feed
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“5”
27 53
<l>
1B
1
35 01
Causes the printer to perform both a carriage return and line feed
each time it receives a <CR> code. This command takes priority
over DIP switch l-8.
Cancel automatic line feed
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC>
Decimal
“5”
27 53
<O>
Hexadecimal
0
1B
35 00
Causes the printer to perform only a carriage return when it receives
a <CR> code. This command takes priority over DIP switch l-8.
Backspace
Mode
ASCII
Both
CBS>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
0
08
Moves the print position one column to the left. Ignored if the print
position is at the left margin. This command can be used to
overstrike or combine characters.
Left justify
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“a”
“0”
27 97 46
1B
61 30
<ESC>
“a”
<O>
27 97
1B
61 00
0
Aligns subsequent text with the left margin, leaving the right margin
ragged.
Center text
I
IMode 1 ASCII
Both
<ESC>
“a”
“1”
<ESC>
“a” cl>
Decimal
I
1 27 97 49
1 27 97
1
Hexadecimal
1B
61 31
1 1B
61 01
1
Centers subsequent text between the left and right margins.
55
r
Right justify
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“a”
“2”
27 97 50
1B
61
<ESC>
“a”
<2>
27 97
1B
61 02
2
32
Aligns subsequent text with the right margin, leaving the left margin
ragged.
Set horizontal
Mode
Both
tab stops
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“D”
nl
n2
Hexadecimal
... -CO> 27 68 nl n? ... 0
1B 44 nl n2 ... 00
-
Cancels all current horizontal tab stops and sets new tab stops at
columns nl, n2, etc. in the current character pitch (pica pitch if proportional spacing is currently selected), where nl, n2, etc. are
numbers between 1 and 255. The maximum number of horizontal
tab stops allowed is 32 in Standard mode and 28 in IBM mode. The
tab stops must be specified in ascending order; any violation of
ascending order terminates the tab stop list. Standard termination is
by the <O> control code. To clear all tab stops, specify <ES0 “D”
co>.
Set horizontal
Mode
Both
L
tab stop every n columns
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“e”
“0”
n
27 101 48
n
1B
65 30
n
<ES6
“e”
<O>
n
27 101
n
1B
65 00
n
0
Cancels all current horizontal tab stops and sets new tab stops every
n columns, where n is between 1 and 127.
Reset a// tab stops
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC>
Decimal
“R”
27 62
Hexadecimal
1B
52
Resets the horizontal tab stops to their power-up values in which a
tab stop is set every 8 column starting at column 9. Also clears all
vertical tab stops.
56
-
Horizontal
Mode
ASCII
Both
<HT>
tab
Decimal
Hexadecimal
09
9
Moves the print position to the next horizontal tab stop. Ignored if
there is no next horizontal tab stop in the current line. Note that when
underlining is selected, spaces skipped by horizontal tabulation are
not underlined.
Relative horizontal
tab
Hexadecimal
Decimal
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
‘T’
nl
n2
27 92 nl
n2
1B 5C nl
n2
IBM
<FS>
‘T’
nl
n2
28 92 nl
712
1C 5C nl
n2
Moves the print position right or left a specified distance (maximum
13.6 inches). Ignored if the resulting position is beyond the right or
left margin. The formulas for the distance and direction are as
follows:
If n2 is between 0 and 63, the print head moves right by (nl + n2 x
256)/120 inches.
If n2 is between 64 and 127, the print head moves left by (nl + [n2641 x 256)/120 inches.
Absolute horizontal
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
tab in inches
Hexadecimal
Decimal
‘3”
nl
n2
27 36 nl
n2
18
24 nl
n2
Sets the next print position to (nl + n2 x 256)/60 inches from the left
margin on the current line. Ignored if this position is beyond the
right margin. The maximum position is 13.6 inches.
Absolute horizontal
Mode
Both
tab in columns
Decimal
ASCII
cESC>
“f’
“0”
cESC>
“f’
CO> n
n
Hexadecimal
27 102 48
n
lB6630
n
27 102
n
lB6603
n
0
Moves the next print position to column n from the left margin,
where n is between 0 and 127.
57
GRAPHICS COMMANDS
Print normal-density
Mode
Both
8-bit graphics
ASCII
<ESC>
Decimal
“K”
nl
n2
ml
m2
...
27 75 nl n2
ml m2 . . .
Hexadecimal
1B 48 nl
ml
n2
m2 . . .
Prints bit-image graphics at 60 dots per inch horizontally. The
graphic image is 8 dots high and nZ + n2 x 256 dots wide. Maximum
width is 13.6 inches (816 dots). ml, m2, ... are the dot data, each a
l-byte value from 0 to 255 representing 8 vertical dots, with the
most significant bit at the top and the least significant bit at the
bottom. The number of data bytes must be nZ + n2 x 256. Dots
beyond the right margin are ignored. At the end of bit-image
printing the printer returns automatically to character mode.
Print double-density
Mode
Both
g-bit graphics
ASCII
<ESC>
Decimal
“L”
nl
n2
ml
‘-
m2
...
27 76 nl FLY
ml m2 . . .
Hexadecimal
1B 4C nl
ml
n2
m2 . . .
Prints bit-image graphics at 120 dots per inch horizontally (maximum 1632 dots wide). See <ES0 “K” for other information,
Print double-density,
,
Mode
Both
double-speed 8-bit graphics
ASCII
<ESC>
“Y”
nl
Decimal
n2
ml
m2
...
27 89 nl n2
ml m2 . . .
Hexadecimal
1B
59 nl
ml
n2
m2 . . .
Prints bit-image graphics at 120 dots per inch horizontally (maximum 1632 dots wide), skipping every second dot in the horizontal
direction. See <ES0 “K” for other information.
58
-
Print quadruple-density
Mode
Both
g-bit graphics
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“2”
nl
n2
ml
m2
...
27 90 nl n2
ml m2 . . .
1B 5A nl
ml
n?
m2 . . .
Prints bit-image graphics at 240 dots per inch horizontally (maximum 3264 dots wide), skipping every second dot in the horizontal
direction. See <ES0 “K” for other information.
Select graphics mode
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“*” n0 nl
n2
ml
m2
...
27 42 n0 nl
n2 ml m2
1B 2A n0
.. .
n2 ml
nl
m2 . . .
Selects one of eight graphics modes depending on the value of nO
and prints bit-image graphics in this mode. See <ESD “K” for
information on nl, n2, ml, rid?, . ..
nO Graphics mode
Normal-density
Double-density
Double-density, double-speed
Quadruple-density
CRT graphics, mode I
Plotter graphics
CRT graphics, mode II
Double-density plotter graphics
(60 dots per inch)
(120 dots per inch)
(240 dots per inch)
(80 dots per inch)
(72 dots per inch)
(90 dots per inch)
(144 dots per inch)
Convert graphics density
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“?”
n
m
27 63
n
m
1B 3F
n
m
Converts graphics defined by subsequent <ES0 “K”, <ES0 “L”,
<ES0 “Y” or <ES0 “Z” commands to a density mode defined by
<ES0 “*“. n is “K”, “L”, “Y” or “Z”, indicating the mode to be
converted. m is a code from CO>to <7> indicating one of the modes
of <ES0 “*“.
59
3
Print g-pin graphics
Mode
Std.
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
‘LA” n0
nl
n2
ml
m?
...
Hexadecimal
27 94 n0 nl
n2 ml mi? . . .
IB 5E n0 nl
n2 ml mz . . .
Prints bit-image graphics at 60 dots per inch if nO= 0 or 120 dots per
inch if n0 = 1. The graphics image is 9 dots high and nl + n2 x 256
dots wide. Maximum width is 13.6 inches. Dots beyond the right
margin are ignored. ml, m2, .. . are byte pairs representing 9 vertical
dots each. In the leftmost position, the most significant bit of ml is
the top dot; the least significant bit of ml is the second dot from the
bottom; the most significant bit of m2 is the bottom dot; and the other
bits of m2 are ignored. Other byte pairs are similar. The number of
data bytes must be 2 x (nl + n2 x 256). At the end of bit-image
printing the printer returns automatically to character mode.
DOWNLOAD
CHARACTER
COMMANDS
Copy standard characters from ROM into RAM
Decimal
Hexadecimal
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
l‘:”
<o>
<o>
<o>
27 58
0
0
0
18 3A 00 00 00
IBM
<FS>
“?
<o>
<o>
<o>
28 58
0
0
0
1C 3A 00 00 00
Copies alI the standard characters to the corresponding download
character RAM area, overwriting any download data already present. Ignored when DIP switch 2-l is ON.
Define draft download characters
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC> “&” <O> nl
n2
m0
ml
m?
m2
.. .
ml1
27 38 0 nl
n2mOmlm2
m3 . . . ml1
Hexadecimal
1B 26 00 nl
n2mOmlm2
m3 . . . ml1
Defines one or more new draft characters and stores them in RAM
for later use. DIP switch 2-l must be OFF; otherwise RAM is used
as an input buffer, not for downloading characters, and this command is ignored. Draft mode must be selected before this command
is executed.
-
?
nl is the character code of the first character defined and n2 is the
character code of the last character defined. nl and n2 must both be
between 32 and 127 or both be between 160 and 255. nl must be
equal to or less than n2. Use of character codes 32 (space) and 127
(delete code) should be avoided if possible.
Each character is defined by an attribute byte (m0) and 11 data bytes
(ml,m2, .....mll).
The most significant bit of the attribute byte is 1 if the character is
an ascender (positioned entirely above the baseline) or 0 if it is a
descender (descending below the baseline). The attribute byte also
indicates the amount of white space to the left of the character (0 to
7 dots, specified by bits 4 to 6). and the width of the character cell,
including this space (4 to 15 dots, specified by bits 0 to 3). The left
space and cell width attributes are used only in proportional spacing.
Each data byte indicates eight vertical dots, with the MSB being the
top dot and the LSB the bottom dot. These correspond to pins 1 to
8 or 2 to 9 of the print head, depending on whether the character is
an ascender or descender.
For further details, please refer to the Chapter 5.
Define NL Q download characters
Mode
Both
ASCII
<ESC> “8~” <O> nl
m0
ml
n2
ml
Decimal
m2
...
m46
27 38 0 nl
n2mOmlm2
rd . . . m46
Hexadecimal
IB
26 00 nl
n2mOmlm2
m3 . . . m46
Defines one or more new NLQ characters and stores them in RAM
for later use. DIP switch 2-l must be OFF. NLQ mode must be
selected before this command is executed. The parameters are the
same as for the draft download character command except that the
attribute byte specifies right space instead of character width and the
dot density is doubled in each direction, so each character consists
of 16 dots vertically and 23 dots horizontally and requires 46 data
bytes. Dots defined by ml to m23 are printed on the first pass of the
head. Dots defined by m24 to m46 are printed on the second pass,
the paper being scrolled up half a dot between the two passes. For
further details, please refer to the Chapter 5.
61
Define download characters
Mode
ASCII
Decimal
<ES&
IBM
“=”
al
a0
n2
nl
a2
<Dc4>
ml
m2 . . . ml1
27 61
a0
Hexadecimal
0 nl
20
al a2 ml
m2 . . . ml1
1B 3D
a0
00 nl
14
al a2 ml
m2 . . . ml1
Defmes one or more new draft characters and stores them in RAM
for later use. Draft mode must be selected before this command is
executed. nl and n2 give the number of bytes of character data that
will follow. a0 is the character code of the first character defined. al
and a2 are attributes bytes. ml to mZZ are the character data, and are
the same as in <ES0 “W. The attribute byte al indicates whether
the character is an ascender (not using the lowest of the nine vertical
dots) or a descender (not using the highest dot) and whether it has
a downward extension to 12 dots.
.-
The attribute byte a2 gives proportional-spacing information. Bit 7
is ignored. Bits 4 to 6 specify the offset to the first byte printed (0
to 7), enabling leading spaces in the character to be ignored. Bits 0
to 3 specify the width of the character cell (maximum 11 dots). The
character will be followed by a mandatory blank dot column which
is not included in this width.
Characters defined by this command can be selected by <ESC>“%”
1, <ES0 “I” 4, <ES0 “I” 5, or <ES0 “I” 6. This command is
ignored when DIP switch 2-1 is ON.
Select download character set
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
&SC>
“%”
“1”
27 37 49
1B
26 31
<ESC>
“Q”
cl>
27 37
18
25 01
1
Selects the download character set. Ignored when DIP switch 2- 1 is
ON.
62
-
Select draft download character set
Decimal
ASCII
Mode
IBM
Hexadecimal
<ES0
“I”
“4”
27
73 52
1B
49 34
<ESC>
"I" <4>
27
73
1B
49 04
4
Selects the download character set and draft quality. Ignored if the
(.3WE) button was pressed during power-up or if DIP switch 2- 1 is
ON.
Select draft elite download character set
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
Wade
_
<ESC>
“I”
“5”
27
<ESC>
“I”
c5>
27 73
Hexadecimal
73 53
5
1B
49 35
1B
49 05
Selects the download character set, draft quality, and elite pitch (12
cpi). Ignored if the (STYLE)button was pressed during power-up or
if DIP switch 2-1 is ON.
Select NLQ download character set
Mode
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“I”
“6”
27
73 54
1B
49 36
<ESC>
"I" <6>
27
73
1B
49 06
6
Selects the download character set and near letter quality. Ignored
if the (STYLE)button was pressed during power-up or if DIP switch
2-l is ON.
Select ROM character set
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“Q”
<ESC>
“%” CO>
“0”
Hexadecimal
27 37 46
18
25 30
27 37
1B
25 00
0
Stops using the download character set and returns to the built-in
ROM character set. Ignored when DIP switch 2-l is ON.
MACRO INSTRUCTION
COMMANDS
Define macro instruction
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
27 43
“+‘I .. . <RS>
30
18 28
.~ 1E
Cancels any existing macro instruction and replaces it with the
defined instruction. The defined macro instruction consists of the
characters between the “+” and <RS>. These can be any printable
characters or control characters except cRS>, up to a maximum of
16 characters.
-
Execute macro instruction
IModel
)
ASCII
1 Both 1 <ESC>
“+”
cl>
Decimal
12743
1
1
Hexadecimal
IlB2BOl
1
1
Executes a previously defined macro instruction.
OTHER PRINTER CONTROL COMMANDS
Set MSB to I
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“>I’
27 62
Hexadecimal
1B 3E
Sets the most significant bit of each subsequent byte received to 1,
allowing users with a 7-bit interface to access characters with ASCII
codes greater than 127.
Set MSB to 0
Decimal
Hexadecimal
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
“=”
27 61
1B 3D
IBM
<FS>
“C”
26 61
1C 3D
Sets the most significant bit of each subsequent byte received to 0.
Accept MSB as is
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
1B
27 35
“#”
23
Cancels the preceding commands and accepts the most significant
bit as it is sent to the printer.
Delete last character sent
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<DEL>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
127
7F
Deletes the last character received. Ignored if the last character
received has already been printed, or if the last character received
was all or part of a command.
Cancel last line
Mode
ASCII
Both
<CAN>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
24
18
Deletes the last line currently present in the print buffer.
lmmedia te print
[Mode 1
Both
1 Decimal
ASCII
[
Hexadecimal
<p-C>
“i”
“1”
27 105 49
1B
69 31
<ESC>
“i”
<l>
27 105
1B
69 01
1
Selects the immediate print mode, in which the printer prints each
character as soon as received. At every pause in the incoming data
stream the printer scrolls the paper up about 2 inches so that the
current line can be seen. When the next character is received the
paper is scrolled back down and printing continues. This command
is ignored when friction feed is used.
65
Cancel immediate print
Mode
Both
Decimal
Hexadecimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“i”
“0”
27 105 48
1B
69 30
<ESC>
“i”
co>
27 105
1B
69 00
0
Cancels the immediate print mode. The printer waits for each line
to be completed before printing it, and does not scroll the paper up
and down. This command is ignored when friction feed is used.
Set printer off-line
blade
ASCII
Std.
<DC3>
IBM
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“Q”
<SYN>
19
13
27 81 22
1B
51
16
Sets the printer off-line. The printer disregards all subsequent
characters and commands except <DCl>, which returns it to the online state. The printer’s ON LINE indicator does not go off.
Set printer on-line
Mode
Both
ASCII
<Da>
Decimal
17
Hexadecimal
11
Returns the printer to the on-line state, allowing it to receive and
process all subsequent characters and commands. This command is
ignored if the printer was set off-line by pressing the ( ON LINE >
button on the control panel.
Bell
Mode
Both
ASCII
CBEb
Decimal
7
Hexadecimal
07
Sounds a brief beep tone from the printer’s beeper.
66
.-
Bidirectional printing
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“U”
<ESC>
“U” <0>
“0”
Hexadecimal
27 85 40
1B
55 30
27 05
1B
55 00
0
Causes subsequent printing to be done in the normal bidirectional
mode, which is faster than unidirectional printing.
Unidirectional printing
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“U”
<ESC>
“U” -cl>
“1”
Hexadecimal
27 85 49
1B
55 31
27 85
1B
55 01
1
Causes subsequent printing to be done unidirectionally, ensuring
maximum vertical alignment precision.
One-line unidirectional printing
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
1B 3C
27 60
“<“
Immediately returns the print head to the left margin, then prints the
remainder of the line from left to right. Normal bidirectional
printing resumes on the next line.
Manual feed
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
<EM>
<O>
sac,
,,(..
<so"
27 25
,sr
as)"
40
40
0
48
41 41
1B
19 00
20
28
30
29 29
Selects manual sheet feeding even when the optional automatic
sheet feeder is mounted. Ignored if DIP switch l-4 is ON (ASF
inactive).
Auto feed
Mode
Bo*
Decimal
ASCII
27 25
<ESC> <EM> <4>
,,(,,
.‘(.,
"4"
")"
")"
40
40
Hexadecimal
4
52
1B 19 04
41 41
28
28
34
29 29
Selects the automatic sheet feeder. Ignored if DIP switch l-4 is ON
(ASF inactive).
Eject paper from ASF
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
<ESC> <EM>
a(”
..(”
Hexadecimal
27 25 02
“R”
"R"
")"
")"
40
40
82
41 41
18
19 52
20
20
52
29 29
Ejects the current page. Ignored if DIP switch l-4 is ON (ASF
inactive).
Set print start position on ASF
Mode
Bo*
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“(”
“(”
<EM>
"T"
“T”
")"
n
")"
n
Hexadecimal
27 25 84 n
1B 19 54 n
40 40 84 41 41 n
20 28 54 29 29 n
Skips n/6 inches at the top of the page, where n is equal to or greater
than 1. Ignored if DIP switch l-4 is ON (ASF inactive).
Reset printer
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“@”
27 64
Hexadecimal
1B
40
Reinitializes the printer. Clears the print buffer and returns settings
to their power-up values. Does not clear the input buffer or change
ASF selections.
68
Chapter 5
DOWNLOAD CHARACTERS
With this printer you can create new characters and symbols, download their
dot data, and have them printed in place of selected characters in the regular
character set. Characters that can be generated in this way range from simple
but useful symbols like the check mark through complex Chinese or
Japanese characters.
Regular characters are permanently stored in the printer’s ROM, but
characters you design are downloaded and stored in RAM for use.
DESIGNING YOUR OWN DRAFT CHARACTERS
Designing and printing your own characters has two requirements: firstly,
designing the shape of the character, calculating the data necessary to make
the shape, and sending that data to the printer, and secondly, sending the
command to print the downloaded characters instead of the regular characters. There are a number of design constraints for download draft quality
characters:
l
l
The matrix or grid on which you design the characters is six boxes wide
by nine boxes high.
Horizontally, dots may be centered in a box, ormay straddle a line, making
the actual character grid 11 dots wide by 9 dots high. Vertically, dots can
only be centered in a box. See Figure 5-l.
Figure 5-l. Dots can be inside boxes or straddle the vertical lines of the grid
69
l
The minimum width of a character is five dots.
l
The user-defined characters may use eight dots vertically.
l
l
Dots cannot overlap - that is, you may not have a dot inside a box next
to one that is on a line.
You may define any position in the ASCII table, except the block graphics
area when you are downloading in the IBM mode.
Photocopy the grid inFigure 5-2 to help design your new characters. We will
use a tiny representation of a car-shaped symbol for our example.
128
64
32
16
8
ASCII Code:
Descender:
Left space:
Last column:
m0 = Descender x I28
+ (Left x 16)
+ Last
4
2
Figure 5-Z Use this grid (or one similar to it) to define your own draft characters
Defining the attribute data
Before you start the definition, you will need to decide exactly where in the
regularASCI1 set you want to place your characters. After downloading, you
access your new character by sending the code for the character you
replaced.
ml
~13 m5 m7 m9 ml1
m2 m4 m6
m8 ml0
128
64
ASCII
32
Code:
Descender:
16
I
Left space: 0
8
Last column:
4
mO = Descender x 128
+ (Left x 16)
77
+ Last
2
1
724 66 64 76 76 0
0
4
36 2
72
Figure 5-3. Add the values of the dots in each column and write the sum of each mlumn at the bottom
Next you must choose whether to make the car symbol an ascender or a
descender. This determines how the character is seated on the line:
Ascender: (:;I:&
Descender: C:l
I:_;.,
I:-:
We decided that our car symbol will not be a “descender”, so a figure “1” is
written next to Descender on the grid. If your character is a descender, write
a “0” next to Descender.
Next, you must specify the left space and the last print column of the
character.
Being able to specify the width of the character allows you to specify the
precise area inside the grid that the character will occupy, so that narrow
characters will look attractive next to wide ones.
Acceptable values for the left space are 0 to 7, and the last print column are
from 4 to 11.
Our character will occupy from column 1 to column 11, so the left space is
0 and the character width data is 11.
Assigning the character data
Now, we calculate the vertical numerical values of the columns of dots, and
enter them underneath the grid. For example, looking at Figure 5-3, we see
that in the left-most column there are five dots, and they are sitting in the “64”
box, “32”box, “16” box, “8” box, and “4”box. Thus its vertical value is 124.
In the next column, there is no dot straddling the vertical line; its value is
recorded as 0.
You will see the letters ml,m2,m3,etc., are above your values. When you
define the character, you wiil substitute your value for each of these letters.
Sample program
To demonstrate how to use the download characters, let’s use the “car”
character and some other user-defined characters to print a small graph. This
program will do just that:
1000
1010
1020
1030
1040
1050
1060
1070
1080
1090
1100
1110
1120
1130
1140
1150
1160
1170
1180
1190
1200
1210
1220
1230
1240
72
LPRINT CHR$(27);“&“;CHR$(O);
LPRINT CHR$(60);CHR$(62);
FOR N=60 TO 62
FOR M=O TO 11
READ MM
LPRINT CHR$(MM);
NEXT M
NEXT N
LPRINT
DATA 139,
2.
5,
8,241,
DATA
0,241,
8.
5,
2,
DATA 139,124,
0, 66.
4,
DATA 36.
16.
2, 16,
12.
DATA 139.
46,
16,
2, 60,
DATA 48,
0, 48,
0, 48,
LPRINT CHR$(27) ;“D”;CHR$(ll)
LPRINT CHR$(27) ;“h”;CHR$(l);
LPRINT ”
U. S . EXPORTS”
LPRINT CHR$(27) ;“h”;CHR$(O);
LPRINT CHR$(27);“%“;CHR$(l);
LPRINT “AUTOS”;CHR$(9);
FOR I=.4
TO 9.3 STEP .4
LPRINT CHR$(61);
NEXT I
LPRINT
0
0
64
0
0
0
-’
;CHR$fO);
1250
1260
1270
1280
1290
1300
1310
1320
1330
1340
1350
1360
1370
1380
1390
1400
1410
1420
1430
1440
1450
1460
1470
1480
1490
LPRINT "CHEMICALS";CHR$(9);
FOR I=.4
TO 8.7 STEP .4
LPRINT CHR$(60);
NEXT I
LPRINT
LPRINT
"GUNS";CHR$(9);
FOR I=.4
TO 1.4 STEP .4
LPRINT CHR$(62);
NEXT I
LPRINT
LPRINT CHR$(9);"+--";
SCALE$="--+--'I
FOR I=2 TO 8 STEP 2
LPRINT SCALE$;
NEXT I
LPRINT "---+'I
LPRINT CHR$(9);"
";
FOR I=2 TO 8 STEP 2
LPRINT u
'I; I;
NEXT I
LPRINT CHR$(27);"%";CHR$(O)
LPRINT CHR$(27);"S";CHR$(O);
LPRINT CHR$(9);
"MILLIONS
LPRINT CHR$(27);"T"
END
OF DOLLARS"
73
DEFINING YOUR OWN NLQ CHARACTERS
As you probably noticed, NLQ characters are printed by two passes of the
print head. Half of the character is printed on the first pass, and the remainder
on the second pass. The paper is rolled up half a dot height in between passes
to let the print head print dots on the second pass that overlap the previous
dots, in order to fill in the spaces and produce denser characters. Additionally, the print head speed is halved, and the dots are printed at double the
density of draft characters. For this reason, NLQ characters can contain up
to 23 dots in the horizontal direction.
Fundamentally, the process to define and print downloaded NLQ character
is the same as for draft characters, except that you must supply about four
times as much character data, and you must design the character with the two
passes of the print head in mind. There are small differences in the way the
attribute information is processed also.
In the draft quality mode the attribute byte carries the descender data, and
specifies the left space and the character width. In the NLQ mode, the first
bit also carries the descender data, and the next three bits describe the
character’s left space as with the draft characters, but the last four bits
describe the right space. Appropriate allocation of data in these seven bits
lets you place the character where you like within the grid, with the
restriction that the character must be at least 9 dots wide.
Use the grid in Figure 5-4 to help plot the data. Due to the two-pass process,
NLQ characters can contain up to 16 dots vertically. ml to m23 are the data
for the first pass, and m24 to m46 are the data for the second pass.
To make the character data easier to calculate, put the first pass dots inside
the boxes on the grid when you are designing your characters, and the second
pass dots on the lines. Remember that adjacent dots may not overlap on the
same pass; in other words, if one dot is in a box, its adjacent dot on the same
pass may not be on a line. Therefore, to make smooth characters, put the dots
needed to overlap any spaces in a character in the appropriate places in the
second pass grid.
If we plot our car-shaped symbol for NLQ, the grid data will look like Figure
5-5.
The defining process is the same as for draft characters, except that you must
select NLQ mode, and you must define 46 data. If you wish to print your
NLQ characters with the regular character set, the remarks regarding the
74
simultaneous use of regular and download characters in the draft character
section apply equally to NLQ characters.
ml
(1st)
..m23
n124....
I28
64
32
ASCII Code:
Descender:
16
Left
apace:
Right space:
nrO = Descender x I78
+ (Left x 16)
+ Right
8
4
2
2nd:
‘gore 5-4. Use this grid (or one similar to it) to define your own NLQ characters
ml
..m23
(1st)
(2nd)
12x
128
64
64
32
32
16
8
ASCII
Code:
Descender:
16
7
Left space: 0
8
Right space: 0
4
nr0 = Descender x 12X
+ (Left x 16)
4
2
2
I
0
0
0
9
9 8
38 70 70 726 0
6
6
? 0
0 70 38 22 6
76 7
0
0
2nd: 28
74 74 74 724 0 64 32 76 0
0
0
72 72 74 74 74 72
32 64 0
I
I st: 74
igure 5-5. Add the values of the dots in the boxes first, and then add the value on the lines
75
3
MEMO
Chapter 6
MS-DOS AND YOUR PRINTER
When using your printer with an IBM PC, PC-XT, or PC-AT or compatible,
you will probably be using PC-DOS or MS-DOS as an operating system. A
number of software tricks may be useful here. This chapter is not, however,
a substitute for the operating system manuals supplied with your computer.
To learn how to print files, etc. it is best to read the relevant parts of these
manuals.
INSTALLING APPLICATION
YOUR PRINTER
SOFTWARE
WITH
When installing application software, you may find that your printer is not
specifically mentioned in the lists of printers given for installation. However, this should pose no problem. Read this section, and guidelines
provided with your software on printer installation.
If you have your printer set up in standard mode, then choose an Epson FX10.50or EX-1000 as your printer to be selected.
If neither of these are mentioned, choose one of the following (in order of
preference): Star NR-10/15, Star ND-10/15, Epson FX86e, Epson FX286e.
If you have your printer set up with the DIP switches to emulate an IBM
Proprinter XL, simply choose this from the list of printers available in the
application software list.
If the IBM Proprinter XL is not mentioned, use Proprinter II or Proprinter.
If your software package does not mention printers by name, but asks instead
what features your printer is capable of, the most common questions are:
“Can your printer perform a backspace?” and “Can it do a hardware form
feed?“. You should answer “Yes” to both these questions.
Other software packages may well allow you to install specific features.
Spreadsheet programs will often ask for the maximum number of columns
to be printed. This is given below.
77
Number of columns
Pica
Elite
Condensed pica
Condensed elite
Proportional
CPI
10
12
17.1
20
136
163
233
272
Variable
Sometimes the software installation will ask you for an initialization
sequence to return to the default settings. The command for your printer is
<ES0 @.
Make sure that the DIP switches are set for the right printer emulation, and
that you have selected the appropriate character set using the DIP switches.
If you are in doubt about the configration of your application software, seek
expert advice. Your software supplier will probably be your most convenient reference.
EMBEDDING
PRINTER COMMANDS
Many word-processors and other software lack commands for changing
type style, or printing double-size characters, and some do not even support
bold printing or italics. Your printer therefore has commands that can be
embedded in documents to control these functions without software help.
The commands consist of a capital letter enclosed in double parentheses,
followed by a digit:
Type style (Font):
((F))O
((F))l
m-9)2
W))3
c(P))9
C(S))3
Standard size
Double width
Double height
Double width and height
Bold:
W)O
NW) 1
Non-bold
Bold
Italic:
((I))0
((1))1
Non-italic
Italic
Size:
(WXJ
((S)) 1
KS)P
78
Courier
Sanserif
Orator with small capitals
Orator with lower case
Draft
If you want to print a title in double-size Orator with small capitals, then
change to regular-size Courier for some text that includes italics, you can use
these commands as follows:
File as seen on computer screen:
((F))2
((S))3
Printer
Commands
t(F) 10 ((S) )O
Type
style,
size,
bold
print,
and
((1))lItalic
((1))Ocommands
can be
((1))lanywhere
((1))Oin
a document.
embedded
Printout:
PRINTER
CC~MMANDS
Type
style,
size,
bold
Italic commands
can be
anywhere in a document.
print,
and
embedded
When you use these commands there are several points to note:
l
l
l
l
The type style (0;)) and italic ((I)) commands are ignored if the (m)
button was held down when power was switched on.
The bold command ((B))l gives double-strike printing. In draft mode you
may prefer to use emphasized printing, which requires a software command or escape sequence.
A line consisting of commands alone prints as a blank line.
Software does not know that
these commands are commands, so you
cannot trust your software to give you the correct line width. The printed
line may be considerably shorter than the line on the screen; the missing
space is the space that was occupied by the commands.
One way to handle the last problem is to prepare your document without the
commands, then insert them as a final step, with the margins released. The
find, replace, and copy functions of word-processing software can be helpful
here.
If you do not use these commands or the panel controls, the printer will print
standard-size, draft, non-bold, non-italic characters.
79
The printer supports various commands in addition to the above, such as
quadruple-size printing.
Most of these other commands consist of the escape code followed by one
or more letters or numbers.
If your software enables you to place the escape code in your files, or if you
were able to define this as a user option during installation, you can also
embed these escape sequences.
PROGRAMMING
COMMANDS
THE PRINTER WITH DOS
If your system includes the file PRINT.COM you can use the main DOS
printing command. Simply type the word PRINT followed by the name of
the file you want to print. To print a file named README.DOC, for
example, type:
A>PRINT README.DOC
The computer may respond with the following message, asking which
printer to use:
Name
of
list
device
IPRNI:
If your computer is connected to only one printer, press RETURN to select
the default choice (PRN). Printing will begin and the A> prompt will
reappear. You can execute other commands or programs while the file is
being printed.
A single PRINT command can print two or more files. List the file names
consecutively on the same line, or use wild-card characters (* and ?). Each
file will be printed starting on a new page. The PRINT command also has
control options. For example, you can terminate a printing job in progress
with the /‘I option. (The printer may not stop printing immediately it may
have considerable data stored ahead in its buffer.) For the /r option, type:
A>PRINT/T
See your DOS manual for further information about the PRINT command.
If your system does not include PRINT.COM, you can print files by using
the PRN device name in COPY or TYPE commands such as the following:
AXOPY README.DOC PRN
A>TYPE README.DOC >PRN
80
COPY and TYPE do not permit you to execute other commands while the
file is printing.
If you want a particular font style, or print pitch, you canmakethese
settings
from the control panel before you start printing. See Chapter 2.
If you print from the DOS command level very often, it will be advantageous
to create a printer setup file. Then instead of setting font style etc. manually
each time, you can complete the setup with a single command from your
computer. For example, you can create a file containing printer commands
to select nearletterquality, and select elite pitch. You can find the commands
in Chapter 4. We suggest the following:
l
l
Near letter quality
Elite pitch
<ESC>
<ES0
“x”
“!”
“1”
<l>
<ESC> “!” cl> is a powerful command that, in addition to selecting elite
pitch, cancels unwanted features such as underlining which might be left
from previous commands. The angle brackets around the <l> indicate
character code 1, which is a control code, not the printable digit “1”.
You may want to place additional commands in this file, such as left and
right margins, line spacing and bottom margin commands. Or you may want
to create a variety of setup files with a different set of commands in each.
To avoid excess line feeds, you should place the commands on one line in
the setup file. You may or may not be able to generate a setup file with wordprocessing software; it depends on whether your software lets you enter
control codes. If your system includes the file EDLIN.COM, however, you
can easily create a setup file with the DOS line editor.
An appropriate name for this setup file would be NLQELITE.DAT. To use
the DOS line editor, type the command EDLIN NLQELITE.DAT, then type
the underlined parts of the following display. Press RETURN at the end of
each line. Don’t type the symbol “*“. This symbol means to hold the CTRL
key down while pressing the next key: for example, “V means to type CTRLV. AC means to type CTRL-C, which indicates the end of the input.
i
i
A >EDLIN NUELITE .DAT
New file
*1
l:**V[xl*V[“VA
A2:“^C
“E
-
81
*V indicates that the following character is a control code. “V[ enters the
<ES0 code. <ESC> has character code 27, and “[” is the 27th character in
ASCII sequence from A. Similarly, “VA enters the control code cl>. See
your DOS manual if you need further information about EDLIN.
You can now set up the printer by sending it the file NLQELITEDAT. To
avoid unnecessary logging of commands, switch hard-copy output off (by
pressing CTRL-PRTSC ifhard copy is on). To print the file README.DOC
in NLQ elite type, give the following two commands:
AXOPY NLQELITE.DAT FRN
A>PRINT README.DOC
For greater convenience you can make a batch file that will set up the printer
and print any specified file with a single command. To create such a batch
file with the name NLQPRINT.BAT, type in the first four lines shown next.
“Z means to press the CTRL and Z keys simultaneously. To use this file to
print README.DOC, type the fifth line.
AXOFY CON NLQPRINT.BAT
COPY NLQELTTE.DAT PRN
PRINT %1
^Z
A>NLQELITE README.DOC
The first above line is a copy command from the CONsole screen to a file
named NLQPRINT.BAT. The next two lines are the contents of this file. The
% 1 is a dummy parameter: whatever file name you type after NLQPRINT
will be substituted for %l and printed.
PROGRAMMING
WITH BASIC
As an example of programming the printer on Microsoft BASIC, we have
listed the program for the IBM-PC. This program runs in the printer’s
Standard mode, and the downloadable condition (DIP switch l-6 ON and
DIP switch 2-l OFF).
codes _-_--.-_____---____-_~.--------___
1000 ’ set control
1010 E$=CHR$(27)
1020 D$=E$+"x"+CHR$(O)
1030 N$=E$+"x"+CHR$(l)
1040 C$=E$+"kO"+N$
1050 S$=E$+"kl"+N$
1060 Ol$=E$+"k2"+N$
1070 02$=E$+"k3"+N$
1080 H$=CHR$(9)
82
'Escape code
'Draft quality
'Near letter quality
'Courier characters
'Sanserif characters
'Orator with small capitals
'Orator with lower case
'Horizontal
tab
1090
1100
1110
1120
1130
1140
1150
1160
1170
1180
1190
1200
1210
1220
1230
1240
1250
1260
1270
1280
1290
1300
1310
1320
1330
1340
1350
1360
1370
1380
1390
1400
1410
1420
1430
1440
1450
1460
1470
1480
1490
1500
1510
1520
1530
1540
1550
1560
1570
1580
1590
1600
1610
1620
1630
'Pica pitch
P$=E$t"P"
____________________
-.--__.---.-----.
---' Start printing
WIDTH "LPT1:",255
'Set HT
LPRINT E$;"D";CHR$(3):CHR$(25);CHR$[Ol
LPRINT C$;"Type
styles are:"
LPRINT H$;D$;"Draft
characters,"
LPRINT H$;C$;"Courier
characters,"
LPRINT H$;S$;"Sanserif
characters,"
LPRINT H$;Ol$;"Orator
with small capitals.
or"
with lower case characters,"
LPRINT H$;02$;"
'Select italics
LPRINT E$."4".
,
J
LPRINT H$;02$;"and
";Ol$;"italics
";S$;"for
'I;
LPRINT C$;"all
";D$;"styles."
'Cancel italics
LPRINT E$;"5"
LPRINT C$;"Print
pitches are:"
LPRINT H$;P$: "Pica pitch (10 CPI),";
LPRINT H$;E$;"M";"Elite
pitch (12 CPI)."
LPRINT H$;CHR$(15);
'Condensed
pitch
LPRINT P$;"Condensed
pica pitch (17 CPI).";
LPRINT H$;E$;"M";"Condensed
elite pitch (20 CPI).";
'Pica pitch
LPRINT P$;
'Cancel condensed
print
LPRINT CHR$(18)
'Select proportional
spacing
LPRINT H$;E$;"pl";
LPRINT "proportional
spacing
for all pitches,"
'Cancel proportional
spacing
LPRINT E5;"pO"
LPRINT H$;E5;"W1";"Expanded,";E$;"WO";
LPRINT H$;E$;"wl";"Double-height,
";E$;"wO"
LPRINT H$;E$;"h";CHR5(1);"Doub1e-sized,"
LPRINT H$;E$;"h";CHR5(2);"Quad-sized.";
LPRINT E$;"h";CHR$(O)
LPRINT
:LPRINT
'Set right margin
LPRINT E$;"Q";CHR5(49)
LPRINT C$;"Various
line and character
spacings:"
'Center text
LPRINT E5;"al"
FOR I=1 TO 7
'Set line spacing
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I);
'Increase character
space
LPRINT E5;" ";CHR$(I);
LPRINT "THE SPACINGS
ARE CHANGED"
NEXT I
FOR I=7 TO 1 STEP -1
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I);
LPRINT E$;" ";CHR$(I);
LPRINT "THE SPACINGS
ARE CHANGED"
NEXT I
'Left justify
LPRINT E5;"aO"
LPRINT E5;"3";CHR5(36);
'Set l/6" line spacing
'Normal character
space
LPRINT E$;" ";CHR$(O);
LPRINT
:LPRINT
LPRINT C5;"Other
features:"
LPRINT H5;E5;"E";"Emphasized";E5;"F";",
1:;
;
LPRINT E5; "G";"Double-strike";E$;"H";",
"-0"; ",'I
LPRINT E$; "-I"; “Underlining”;E$;
LPRINT H$;E$;"-l";"Overlining";E5;"~O";",
:I;
LPRINT E$; "SO";"SUPERSCRIPT";E5;"T";"
and
;
LPRINT E5;"S1";"SUBSCRIPT";E5;"T"
83
1640
1650
1660
1670
1680
1690
1700
1710
1720
1730
1740
1750
1760
1770
1780
1790
1800
1810
1820
1830
1840
1850
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
2020
2030
2040
2050
2060
2070
2080
2090
2100
2110
2120
2130
2140
2150
2160
2170
2180
84
GOSUB 2100
LPRINT H$;C$.;"Download
characters:
'I;
'Select download
character
LPRINT D$;E$:"%l";
FOR I=1 TO 5
'Print downloaded
character
LPRINT CHR5(60);
NEXT I
'Select normal character
LPRINT D$;E$;"%O":
GOSUB 2180
'Select download
character
LPRINT C$;E$;"%l";
FOR I=1 TO 5
LPRINT CHR$(60);
'Print downloaded
character
NEXT I
'Select normal character
LPRINT D$;E$;"%O"
LPRINT H$;C$;"Various
dot graphic densities:"
DIM LOG05(4)
RESTORE
2370
FOR ROW=1 TO 4
FOR COL=l TO 65
READ-DG
LOGO5~ROW)=LOGO5(ROW)+CHR5~DG)
NEXT COL
NEXT ROW
'Set 8/72" line spacing
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(8);
FOR ROW=1 TO 4
LPRINT H5;"
";
FOR B=O TO 4
IF B=2 THEN 1940
'Select dot grapgics mode
LPRINT E$;"*";CHR$(B);
LPRINT CHR5(65);CHR$(O);LOGO$(ROW);
LPRINT "
'I;
NEXT B
LPRINT
NEXT ROW
LPRINT
FOR ROW=1 TO 4
LPRINT H5;"
";
FOR B=5 TO 7
'Select dot grapgics
mode
LPRINT E$;"*";CHR$(B);
LPRINT CHR5(65);CHR5(O);LOGO$(ROW);
LPRINT "
":
NEXT B
LPRINT
NEXT ROW
'Initialize
printer
LPRINT E$;"@"
END
1 ‘ZJJBRO,JTINES ---_-----------------~----------------' Define draft download
character
-----------.----.---------LPRINT D$;E$;"&";CHR5(0);CHR$(60);CHR5~6D~;
RESTORE
2280
FOR M=O TO 11
READ MM
LPRINT CHR$(MM):
NEXT M
RETURN
' Define NLQ download
character
-------.--------------
2190 LPRINT C$:E$;"&";CHR5(0~:CHR5~60);CHR$(60~;
2200 RESTORE
2310
2210 FOR M=O TO 46
2220 READ MM
2230 LPRINT CHR$(MM);
2240 NEXT M
2250 RETURN
2260 I DATA ___________----------------------------------2270 0 Draft download
character
....-.-------.---------------2280 DATA 139,124,
0, 66,
4. 64, 36, 16,
2. 16, 12,
0
2290 I
2300 3 NLQ down~oa,j ,-haracter --___-_--_-----------------2310 DATA 128, 14. 16, 38.
1. 70.
1. 70,
0,126,
0.
0
2320 DATA
70.
0. 38,
o, 22,
9.
6.
9.
6,
8,
6.
0
2330 DATA
28, 32, 14. 64, 14.
0. 14.
0,124,
0.
0, 12
2340 DATA
64, 12, 32, 14, 16. 14.
0. 14.
0, 12.
0
2350 '
2360 ' Dot graphics
--2370 DATA
0.
0.
0,
0,
1,
3.
7.
7.
7. 15, 14, 14
2380 DATA
14, 14. 14,
7,
7.
3,
3, 15. 15, 15,
0.
0
2390 DATA
0,
0.
6,
7,
7.
7,
7.
7.
7.
7.
7.
6
2400 DATA
6,
0,
0,
7,
7.
7.
7.
7.
7,
7.
7.
7
2410 DATA
7,
7.
0,
0.
7.
7.
7.
7.
7.
7.
7.
7
2420 DATA
7.
7.
0.
0.
0
2430 DATA
0.
0, 60,255,255,255.255.255.143,
15,
7,
7
2440 DATA
7,
7.
3.
3.
3,131,193,241,240,240,
0.
0
2450 DATA
0.
0.
0,
0,224,255,255.255,255,255.
31,
0
2460 DATA
0.
0.
1.
3, 31.255.255.255.255.255.255.
1
2470 DATA
0,
0,
0,
1,
7, 31.255.252.240.192.128.
0
2480 DATA
0,
0.
0.
0.
0
2490 DATA
0. 31, 31.
3,129,128,1.92.192.192.192.192.224
2500 DATA 224,224,224,240.255,255.255.255.255.127.
0,
0
2510 DATA
0,
0.
0.
0.
0,192,255,255,255.255.255.
15
2520 DATA
15, 63,252,240,192,
0.240.255.255.255.255.255
2530 DATA
7, 15,127,252,240.192.
0.
0,
0,
0.
0.
0
2540 DATA
0.
0.
0.
0,
0
2550 DATA
0,248,248,240.224.224.112.112.
56, 56. 56. 56
2560 DATA
56,120,120,240,240.224.224.192,128~
0,
0.
0
2570 DATA
0,
0.
0.
0,
0,
0,128,248,248,248,248,240
2580 DATA 192.
Cl, 0,
0.
0.
0,240,248,248.248.248.240
2590 DATA 192,
0.
0.
0,
0,
0.
0.
0.
0,
0.
0,
0
2600 DATA
0.
0.
0,
0.
0
85
How the program works
This program begins by assigning a number of printer commands to BASIC
string variables (lines 1000 to 1090). You can find most of these commands
near the beginning of chapter 4.
The WIDTH “LPTl:” 255 statement in line 1110 means infinite line width.
It prevents the IBM-PC from inserting unwanted carriage returns and line
feeds in graphics data.
Actual printing begins in line 1120. Using the preassigned commands, the
program prints samples of its different font styles, including a line showing
all styles in italics, followed by samples of the print pitches, then some
double and quadruple-sized printing.
-
Next comes the central attraction of the program: a line of text printed
fourteen times in expanding and contracting loops to give a barrel effect. The
work is done by four printer commands: a command setting the right margin
(line 1400); a centering command (line 1420); a command to vary the line
spacing (lines 1440 and 1490); and a command to micro-adjust the space
between characters (lines 1450 and 1500).
Next the program returns to normal spacing and gives a demonstration of the
printer’s word-processing abilities: bold printing, underlining, subscripts,
etc.
The row of automobiles in the next printed line is created by downloading
two new character patterns, which are printed in place of the character “c“
(character 60). Details can be found in Chapter 5.
The final part of the program uses dot graphics to print some “SW” logos
with various densities. The dot pattern of the logo was originally laid out on
graph paper, then converted to the data in lines 2370 to 2600 with the help
of a calculator. Each number represents eight vertical dots. (See “Graphics
commands” in Chapter 4 for details.)
The pattern is printed in four rows, each eight dots high and 65 dots wide.
Lines 1800 to 1850 read the dot data into a string array variable named
LOGO$. Line 1860 sets the line spacing to 8/72 inch so that the rows will
connect vertically. The loop in lines 1870 to 1960 does the printing in four
passes of the print head.
86
-
Type
styles
are:
i !. “, / ,:, , !.j<‘:‘;j
;” >“‘.
;’ -‘; : :I’ii
Courier
characters,
Sanser
if
ORATOR
and
characters,
WI-TH
with
-TTAL.ITS
SMALL
CAPITALS,
Print
pitches
are:
Pica
pit.ch
(10 WI),
Condensed
picapitch (17 CPII,
proportional
spacing
for
Various
line
OR
lower
case
characters,
', :c'-Gf- a ! 1 ' i..
and
character
Elite
pitch (12 CPI 1,
Condensed
elite pitch(20CPII,
all pitches.
spacings:
Other
features:
Emphasized,
&Jnderl ininq.
Double-strike,
SUPERSCR1PT and SURSCFIIPT
:.;i i .J::.&&W&
Dt::wn 1 odd characters
: )....:
dot
graphic
densities:
Var10us
7sKz=n
-.---r11 ng ,
87
Modifications
for IBM mode
This program can also be run in IBM mode (DIP switch l-6 OFF) if you
change a few of the lines as shown below to allow for difference in some of
the commands. You will get a cylinder instead of a barrel effect, becuase the
IBM mode does not have any command to micro-adjust the character
spacing.
1090
1190
1220
1280
1400
1440
1450
1490
1500
1550
1860
'Pica pitch
P$=CHR$(lB)
'Select italics
LPRINT CHR$(28):"4";
'Cancel italics
LPRINT CHR$(28);"5"
' LPRINT H$;E$;"M": "Condensed elite pitch (20 CPI).";
'Set right margin
LPRINT CHR$(28);"Q";CHR$(49)
'Set line spacing
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I);E$;"2":
'Increase character space
' LPRINT E$;" ";CHR$(I):
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I);E$;"2";
' LPRINT E$;" ":CHR$(I);
'Normal character spdce
' LPRINT E$;" ";CHR$(O);
Lp~1N-r E$;"A";CHR$(8);E$;"2";
'Set 8/72" line spacing
-
Chapter 7
TROUBLESHOOTING
AND MAINTENANCE
The following section on troubleshooting and maintenance is intended only
as a brief guide to these functions. Remember that your printer is a highly
sophisticated electronic device, which also contains high voltage inside. For
that reason, only carry out those operations described in this chapter.
CAUTION: Any attempt to carry out operations other than those described
here may result in electric shock and/or damage to the printer.
When carrying out any repairs or maintenance, always follow
the instructions carefully.
TROUBLESHOOTING
Your printer is a reliable piece of precision machinery, which should not
cause you any trouble, provided it is used and treated sensibly. However, the
few elementary tips below should avoid you having to make unnecessary
service calls. The following table gives you ideas on where to look in this
section if you experience faults:
Remember - it is better not to attempt operations or repairs above your level
of competence. Otherwise, you run the risk of damaging the printer.
89
Power supply
If the POWER indicator does not illuminate, check the following:
Possible remedy
,
1
Turn off the printer ensure the power cable is securely
connected, and then turn the printer back on.
Turn off the printer, unplug it, and try with another
appliance to determine if electricity is being supplied to
that outlet.
Check the bottom panel of your printer to ensure that the
outlet voltage corresponds to the voltage required by the
printer. If they do not match, DO NOT try to operate the
printer. Contact your supplier.
-
Printing
If your printer does not print, or suddenly stops printing, check the following:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the interface cable connected securely?
Check both ends of the cable - printer and computer to
make sure that the connector is firmly in position.
Is the ON LINE indicator illuminated?
If itisnot,press
on-line.
Is the POWER
flashing?
If it is, the paper has run out. Load more paper.
indicator
thee
ON LINE
Jbutton tosettheprinter
Is the paper caught up internally?
Turn off the power, remove the jammed paper, replace,
tumontheprinter,
andcontinueprinting.Makesurethat
the leading edge of the paper is smooth and uncreased.
Is the ribbon caught
around the print head?
Turn off the power, remove the ribbon, retension it, and
replace it. This problem occurs most frequently with a
worn ribbon, so you may need to replace the ribbon.
up
Is the software you are using
properly installed for your
minter?
Check the installation settings in your software, and reinstall if necessary.
Can the printer perform selftest operations?
Turn the printer off, and turn it on again, holding down
one of the buttons to perform a self-test. If these do not
work, contact your dealer.
90
_
If the print is faint, or uneven, check the following:
Possible remedy
Check
Is the ribbon
stalled?
properly
in-
Check and reinstall if necessary.
The ribbon has a long life, but evenLually will need
replacing. Fit a new ribbon cartridge if necessary.
Is the ribbon worn out?
If dots are missing in the printing, check the following:
Check
Possible remedy
Are dots missing at random
in the printing?
The ribbon has become slack. causing it to get caught
up. Stop printing, remove the ribbon cartridge, retension and replace it.
Is a line of dots missing consistently
throughout
the
printing?
The print head is damaged. Stop printing, and contact
your supplier for a new print head.
If your application software cannot print the fonts or characters selected,
check the following:
Check
Is your application
properly installed?
Possible remedv
software
Check the software installation, and re-install the software if necessary.
Are fonts not being selected
properly?
Check the software installation, and insert the commands necessary for font changes into the software.
Are characters other than
those
expected
being
printed?
Either you are using the wrong International Character
Set (reset with DIP switches or software commands),
or you have the wrong character set selected (for
example if characters other than IBM block graphic
characters are being printed). Correct this with DIP
switches or the appropriate software sequences.
i
If the printout is not what is expected:
Check
Possible remedv
Is the printer installed correctly?
Your software may think that it is driving a different
emulation to the one actually set. Check the DIP switch
settings to make sure you have the right emulation.
Is the printer not printing
anything that you are expecting?
Use the Hex Dump mode to analyze the output from the
computer to the printer. This will enable you to determine that the right escape sequences, etc are being
transmitted.
91
Paper feeding
If cut sheet paper (without the ASF) is not feeding smoothly, check the
following:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the paper release lever
pushed back (to the b position)?
Set the release lever to the C position.
Is the paper guide in place
and vertical?
The paper guide should be in place vertically
sheets to feed smoothly.
Are the left and right guides
too close together?
If the left and right guides are too close together, the
paper will not feed smoothly. Move them a little further
apart to allow the paper to feed freely.
Is the ASF selected with the
DIP switch settings?
If it is, then deselect it.
Are you trying to feed paper
using the front panel buttons
while the ON LINEindicator is
illuminated?
You can only feed paper in this way when the printer is
off-line. Set the printer off-line and then feed paper.
Is the paper too thick?
There are limits to the thickness of paper that can be fed
in thii way. Try with thinner paper.
Are forms jamming between
printing
surface
and the
Clean the surface of the platen roller with a cloth barely
dampended with a little alcohol.
for cut
platen?
If fanfold (continuous) paper is not being fed correctly using the tractor feed,
check the following:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the paper lever pushed to
the & position?
Makesurethereleaseleverispushed
Is the paper guide in the vertical position?
When using the tractor feed, the paper guide should be
horizontal.
Are the holes on each side of
the paper aligned with regard
to each other in the sprockets?
If the two sides of the paper are out of alignment, realign
them so that the sprocket holes match up.
Are the sprockets too close or
too far apart?
Misalignment of the sprockets, making the paper too
loose or too tight, will prevent a smooth paper feed.
Are the sprockets locked in
position
and the covers
closed?
Correct this if necessary.
92
to the b
position.
Possible remedy
Check
freely
The paper should not be too far from the printer (less
than 1 meter/ 3 feet), and there should be no cables or
other obstacles obstructing its path. The paper should
also be feeding straight into the printer, and an angled
feed may cause jams and blockages.
Are you trying to feed paper
using the front panel buttons
whilet.heONLlNEindicatoris
illuminated?
You can only feed paper in this way when the printer is
off-line. Set the printer off-line and then feed paper.
Is the paper too thick?
There are limits to the thickness of paper that can be fed
in this way (one top copy and two NCR copies). Try
with thinner paper.
Is the paper feeding
into the printer?
If the ASF is not operating or is not feeding paper correctly, check the
following:
1 Possible remedy
Check
Has the ASF option been selected with the DIP switch?
Select this option
Is the release lever set to the
b position?
The release
position.
Is the
mounted?
Make sure that the ASF is properly seated on the printer.
ASF
correctly
lever should be set to the single-sheet
Is paper caught up neaT the
print head?
Stop printing, remove the jammed sheet (you may have
to remove the ASF for this), and continue.
Are the left and right guides
too close together?:
-
If the left and right guides are too close together, the
paper will not feed smoothly. Move them a little further
apart to allow the paper
_ - to feed fkely.
Is there too much paper in the
paper feed hopper or stacker?
The ASF’s paper feed hopper and stacker can hold 120
sheets each. Make sure that there is no more paper than
this in either the hopper or stacker.
Was the paper fanned before
being fed into the ASF?
If this is not done, paper jams may occur. Remove the
stack of paper from the ASF and fan it before reinserting.
Has the paper been used already or is it creased?
Only new, uncreased
ASF.
Are you trying to feed paper
using the front panel buttons
whiletheONLlNEindicatoris
illuminated?
You can only feed paper in this way when the printer is
off-line. Set the printer off-line and then feed paper.
Is the paper too thick or too
thin?
There are limits to the thickness of paper that can be fed
in this way. Try with different paper.
I
paper should be used with the
I
If the paper park facility does not appear to be working correctly, check the
following:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the paper release lever in
the C position?
The paper release lever must be set to the & position
after the fanfold paper has been parked.
Has the fanfold paper been
properly parked?
Make sure that the POWER indicator comes on flashing
after the fanfold paper has been parked.
If text is being printed all on one line, or with extra blank lines, check the
following:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the text all on the same
line?
Carriage
returns
are not being expanded
to
<CR> + <LF> pairs. Check the DIP switch setting and
correct.
Is text being printed
extra blank lines?
Two line feeds are being printed. Either make your
software print just a carriage return or (if this is not
possible), set the AUTO LF to OFF with the DIP switch
setting.
with
If the page length and margins are not what is expected, check the following:
Use the Micro Feed facility to adjust the print position
Use the DIP switch to set up the correct page length, or
MAINTENANCE
Essentially, your printer is a robust piece of equipement, but should be
treated with a modicum of care in order to avoid malfunctions. For example:
l
l
l
l
l
Keep your printer in a “comfortable” environment. Roughly speaking, if
you are comfortable, then the environment is suitable for your printer, too
(see Chapter 1).
Do not subject the printer to physical shocks or excessive vibration.
Avoid over-dusty environments. Dust is the enemy of all precision
mechanical devices.
To clean the exterior of the printer, use a barely damp cloth (use either
water with a little detergent or a little alcohol), but do not allow any liquid
to fall inside the printer.
The interior of the printer may be cleaned with a small vacuum cleaner or
a compressed-air aerosol (sold for this purpose). When performing this
operation, be sure not to bend or damage any cable connections or
electronic components.
REPLACING
THE PRINT HEAD
This is not a job which you will need to do very often. The print head has been
designed to give a life about 100 million characters. In normal everyday use,
this will mean years of lift. However, if the print quality is faint, even after I
you have changed the ribbon or you have adjusted the gap between the print
head and the platen (see Chapter l), the print head will need replacement.
Only use a replacement print head as recommended by your supplier.
1. Turn OFF the printer, and unplug the power cord.
2. Remove the top cover and ribbon cartridge.
3. If the printer has been in operation immediately before this operation, the
print head will be hot. Allow time for the print head to cool before
attemping to work on it.
4. Move the print head carriage toward the right until you can see the
connector cover. Remove the connector cover and pull the cable free
from the connector.
5. Unscrew the two screws that hold the print head in place and set them
aside.
Screws
Figure 7-7. Replacmg the print head
%
6. Disengage the cable from the tabs holding it down, then remove the print
head.
7. For easy installation of the new print head, move the carriage toward the
left end of the rail.
8. Place the new print head on its support, seating it on the two pins.
9. Thread the new cable the same way as the old, securing it under the three
tabs on the print head carriage.
10. Plug the cable into the connector, inserting it as far as it will go.
11. Fasten the print head down with the two screws.
12. Move the carriage back toward the right and replace the connector cover.
Slide the connector cover to the left until it locks into place.
13. Replace the ribbon cartridge and top cover, and plug the power cord back
in.
MEMO
-
98
Chapter 8
SPECIFICATIONS
Printing system .............................. Serial Impact Dot-matrix
Printing speed ..,............................. 150 cps (Draft pica)
37.5 cps (NLQ pica)
Print direction ................................ Bidirectional, logic-seeking
Unidirectional, logic-seeking
(selectable)
Number of print pins ...................... 9
Line spacing ................................... l/6, l/8, n/72, n/216 inches
Characters ...... ......... ....................... ASCII
International
IBM special
IBM block graphic
Download
96
14 sets (*)
111
50
255
* USA, France, Germany, England, Denmark I, Sweden, Italy, Spain I,
Japan, Norway, Denmark II, Spain II, Latin America, Denmark/
Norway
Number of columns ....................... CPI
Pica
10
12
Elite
17.1
Condensed pica
20
Condensed elite
Proportional
136
163
233
272
Variable
99
Character dot matrix ...................... 9 x 11 (Draft)
l8x23(NLQ)
Bit image dot-matrix ......................
8-pin normal
8-pin double
8-pin high-speed double*
8-pin quadruple
8-pin CRT I
8-pin CRT II
8-pin plotter
8-pin double-plotter
g-pin single
g-pin double
DPI
60
120
120
240
80
90
72
144
60
120
8 x 816
8 x 1632
8 x 1632
8 x 3264
8 x 1088
8 x 1224
8 x 979
8 x 1958
9 x 816
9 x 1632
* It is impossible to print adjacent dots in the mode marked with an asterisk
c*>.
Paper feed ...... .. ........................ ...... Friction and push tractor (standard)
Pull tractor (option)
Paper feed speed ....................... ..... 2.8 inches/second max
Paper width ........ ............................ Cut sheet
Fanfold (continuous)
6”-16.5”
4”-16”
Copies .......... ... ............................... Original +2 copies
Maximum buffer size ...... ............... Without Download
With Download
15kB
1 line
Emulations ................. .................... Epson mode
IBM Proprinter mode
Interface .............................. .... ....... Centronics parallel (standard)
RS-232C serial (option)
Ribbon type .................................... On-carriage, dedicated
Black
Ribbon life .... ................................. 6 million characters (draft pica)
Dimensions ...... ..............................590(~) x 332(d) x 127(h) mm
23.2(w) x 13.1(d) x S(h) in
Weight ............... ............................. 8Skg (18.71b)
Power supply .. ............................... 120VAC, 220VAC, 240VAC, 50/60Hz
(varies according to the country of purchase)
Options .......... ................................. Automatic sheet feeder
RS-232C interface
Pull tractor feed
The following describes the pinout of the parallel (Centronics-type) interface connector (signals which are low when active are overlined):
33
34,35
36
102
EXT GND
External ground
N/C
SELECT IN
Always high
chapter 9
CHARACTER
SETS
This chapter gives tables of the printer’s standard and IBM character sets.
The decimal character code of each character is shown in an inset to the
lower right of the character.
The hexadecimal code can be found by reading the entries at the top and left
edges of the table. for example, the character “A” is in column 4 and row 1,
so its hexadecimal character code is 4 1. this is equivalent (4 x 16 + 1 = 65)
to decimal 65, the number in the inset.
Control codes recognized by this printer are indicated by abbreviations
inside pointed brackets.< >.
<Sample>
a
g
-
B
r
s
L
Hexadecimal
Control
code
value
(IOV” order)
103
STANDARD CHARACTER
1
4
41
1 201
I
I
SET
37
&.
1 361
52
:a,
-0
1 641
1 sol
I 6el
1 e41
1 9hl
1112)
IlOOl
+=
IE
II16
U
38
39
(
40
4
1
41
*
n
1 11
I 43
27
(FT)
C
I 59
‘..,
j--E-
1
1 131
1
160
1 291
l-76
iv
1 451
1 611
1
1
1 931
I
I
m
1
1 771
1107
1 91
\
L
._.
(CR)
I 75
1 123
1
i
II091
I1251
=I
126
(DEL?
12
104
105
IBM CHARACTER
(DC2)
2
3
4
SET #2
”
2
B
#
3
c
A
62
t
s
(Dc4)
$
T
I1-l
/--T
%
s
E
5
”
1
26
(ESC)
42
1 -+
1
1
t
/-iG
e
j-iii
U
I
1
f
84
V
I
1
1 721
I 561
I 401
1 241
01
s
I d
e5
v
A
1
C
83
D
r
h
R
1 581
I
;
IK
1
106
=I
m
109
n
106
-
t-3
0
1
c
I
9
!2
d
(1441
ii
n
:::
-
I 1601
c
El
:::
L
D
ll.
44
-
-
11761
I2081
I1921
F
E
Fz
-
224
240
E
107
3
IBM CHARACTER
SET #1
Other characters are identical to character set #2.
The duplication of control codes enables systems with a 7-bit interface to
obtain control functions when the most significant bit is set to 1 by the
<ESC> “>” command.
108
I
IBM SPECIAL CHARACTER
SET
Additional characters can be printed by special commands.
109
INTERNATIONAL
CHARACTER
SETS
When an international character set is selected DIP switches 2-2 to 2-4 or by
a command from software, the following changes are made in the character
set:
Cour1ClyI 35I 36
U.S.A.
#
$
64
91
92
93
94
96 123 124 125 126 155 157
@
[
1,
I
^
-
{
I
}
-.
t’
Y
See Chapter 3 for the DIP switch settings.
The commands for selecting the international character sets are:
Standard mode: <ES0
Where n means character
are:
0 U.S.A.
1 France
2 Germany
3 England
4 Denmark I
110
“R” n
IBM mode: cFS> “R” n
code n, i.e. CHR$(n) in BASIC. The values of II
5
6
7
8
9
Sweden
Italy
Spain I
Japan
Norway
10
11
12
13
Denmark II
Spain II
Latin America
Denmark/Norway
1NDEX
El
IDI
Absolute horizontal tab, 57
Ascender, 6 1,7 1
Auto feed, 67
Automatic carriage return, 30
Automatic line feed, 32,55
Automatic sheet feeder, 8,31,67, 101
DIP switches, 29-32,78
Delete, 65
Descender, 61,7 1
Dimensions of printer, 101
Dot matrix size, 100
Double-size characters, 44,46
Double-strike printing, 37
Download character commands, 60-63
Download characters, 32,69-75
Draft quality, 20,34,60,63,69-73
IBI
Backspace, 55
Bail lever, 3, 10, 13
BASIC, 24,72-73,82
Beeper, 66
Bidirectional printing, 67
Bit-image printing, 58-60,86
Bold printing, 37
Bottom feed, 13
Bottom margin, 50
Buffer, 28,32, 100
El
Cancel command, 65
Carriage return, 54
Centering, 55
Channels of vertical tab stops, 52
Character codes, printing of all, 40
Character set commands, 39-41
Character sets, 99,104-l 10
Character size and pitch commands,
41-46
Character spacing, 44
Cleaning, 95
Column width, 99
Condensed pitch, 19,42
Connector, 3,6
Control panel, 17
Courier type style, 20,35
El
Elite pitch, 19,34,41,63
Emphasized printing, 36
Emulation, 3 1,77, 100
Entry slot, 3
Environmental requirements, 1
Escape sequence, 33
Expanded printing, 42
IFI
Fanfold forms:
loading, 11
parking, 15
specifications, 102
unparking, 15
Fixed spacing, 43
Font control commands, 34-39
Font style, 35
Form feed, 26,5 1
El
Gap, 16
Graphics, 86
Graphics commands, 58-60
111
El
Hexadecimal dump, 23-25
Horizontal position commands, 53-57
Horizontal tabulation, 57
/I/
IBM character sets, 39, 106-109
IBM mode, 31,88
IBM-PC, 25
Immediate print, 65
Interface:
signals, 102
specifications, 100
International characters, 32,40, 110
Italic printing, 20,36
ccl
Justification, 55
IL/
Left margin, 53
Line feed, 48
Line spacing, 4748,99
Locating the printer, 1
/M/
Macro instruction, 64
Maintenance, 95
Manual feed, 67
Margins:
bottom, 50
left, 53
right, 54
top, 50
Master print mode, 44
Micro-feed, 27
Microjustification, 44
Most significant bit, 64
112
/NI
Near letter quality, 20,34,61,63,7475
NLQ Type Style button, 20,23
Off-line, 18,66
On Line button, 18,21,66
Orator type style, 20,36
Overlining, 38
El
Page feed, 5 1
Page length, 30,50
Page width, 99
Panel pitch, 22
Panel style, 23
Paper Feed button, 19,22,26,27
Paper feed, 100
Paper feeding, 92
Paper guide, 8,15
Paper specifications, 100
Paper-out detector, 3 1,5 1
Parking, 15
Pause, 18
Pica pitch, 19,4 1
Pitch, 19,22,41,99
Platen knob, 3,4
Power supply, 90
Power switch, 3
Printing, 90
Print Pitch button, 19,23
Print head, 96,99
Printer commands, 33,81
Printing gap adjusement, 16
Printing mechanism, 99
Programming, 80-88
Proportional pitch, 19,43
Pull tractor, 13
?
I
Quadruple-size characters, 44
/
Rear cover, 3,11
Release lever, 3,8, 11
Reset printer, 67
Reverse line feed, 48
Reverse micro-feed, 27
Ribbon cartridge, 4,100
Right margin, 54
ROM character set, 63
I
ml
Underlining, 37
,
Unidirectional printing, 67
Unpacking and inspection, 2
Unparking, 15
m
Vertical position commands, 47-53
Vertical tabulation, 53
El
Zero (slash and normal), 41
Sanserif type style, 20,35
Self tests, 21-22
Set/Eject Park button, 19
Setting up, 4
Single sheets:
automatic loading, 8
manual loading, 10
specifications, 100
Slash zero, 4 1
Small capitals, 20
Specifications, 99-102
Sprocket feed, 11-14, 100
Standard character set, 31, 39, 104105
Standard mode, 3 1,86
Subscripts, 38
Superscripts, 38
ITI
Tabulation, 52
Test patterns, 21
Top cover, 3,4
Top margin, 50
Top of form, 27
Tractor feed, ll-14,100
Troubleshooting, 89-94
Type style, 20,99
113
COMMAND SUMMARY
MODE CONTROL CODE
Std.
IBM
Std.
Std.
<BEL>
<BS>
<HTs
<LF>
<VT>
<FF>
<CR>
<so>
<SI>
<DCI>
<DC2>
<DC2>
<DC3>
cDC4>
<CAN>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
cESC>
<ES&
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
Std.
IBM
Std.
IBM
Std.
114
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ES&
<ES&
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
FUNCTION
Bell
Backspace
Horizontal tab
Line feed
Vertical tab
Fomt feed
Carriage return
Expanded printing for one line
Condensed printing
Set printer on-line
Cancel condensed printing
Pica pitch
Set printer off-line
Cancel one-line expanded printing
Cancel last line
<LF>
Reverse line feed
<FF>
Return to top of current page
<SO>
Expanded printing for one line
<SI>
Condensed printing
<EM> <OS
Manual feed
<EM> <4>
Auto feed
<EM> “R”
Eject paper from ASF
<EM> “T” n
Set pnnt start position on ASF
<SP> n
Increase character spacing
“!” n
Select master print mode
“W
Act t MSB as is
“$” nl n2
Abso“pute horizontal tab in iches
“%” <0>
Select ROM character set
“%” <l>
Select download character set
“%” “0”
Select ROM character set
“%” “1”
Select download character set
“&” <0> nl n2 m0 ml m2 d
ml 1
Define draft download character
“&” <O> nl n2 m0 ml m2 ml.. .m46
Define NLQ download character
“*” n0 nl n2 ml m2
Select graphics mode
Execute macro instruction
“+” <l>
Define macro instruction
I‘+” . . . <RS>
Stop underlining
I‘-” <(h
Start underlining
‘I-” <I>
“-‘I “I-J’
Stop underlining
“-” “1”
Start underlining
Select vertical tab channel
“p’ n0
Set line spacing to l/8 inch
“0”
“1”
Set line snacine to 7fl2 inch
Set line spa&
to l/6 inch
“2”
Execute <ES& “A”
“2”
“3” n
Set line spacing to nn16 inch
Select italic characters
“4”
Set top of page at current position
“4”
Select upright characters
“5”
PAGE
57
2;
63
62
60
-
MODE CONTROL CODE
IBM
IBM
IBM
Std.
Std.
IBM
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ES0
<ESC>
<ESC7
“5” <l>
“5” <o,
“6”
“7”
“8”
“9”
“:‘*
‘*:” <o> <0> <o>
“<”
“=*’
‘k” nl n2 <DC4> a0 al a2
<ESC>
<ESCs
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC7
<ESC7
<ESC7
cESC7
<ESCs
“>”
“?” n m
“@”
“A” n
“B” nl n2 . ~07
“c” n
“c” <OS n
“D” nl n2 . . <O>
“E”
“F”
“G”
“II”
“I” <O>
“I” <17
“I” <2>
“I” <37
“I” <47
“I” <57
“I” <67
“I” <77
“I” “0”
“I” “1”
“I” “2”
<ESC>
rnM
IBM
IBlM
IBM
IBM
IBM
IBM
IBM
IBM
BM
<ESC7
<ESC>
<ESC>
--<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESCs
<ESC7
<ESC>
<ESC>
&SC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC> “I” “3”
<E‘J-> “I” “4”
Std.
IBM
IBM
Std.
IBM
IBM
Std.
<ESC>
<ESC>
&SCcESC7
<ESCs
<ESC7
<ESC>
<ESC7
<ESC7
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC7
<ESC>
<ESC7
<ESC7
<ESC>
<ESC>
“I” “5”
“I” “6”
“I” “7”
“J” n
“K” nl n2 ml m2
“L” nl n2 ml m2
“M”
“N” n
“0”
“p”
“p” <o>
“P’ <17
“Q” n
“Q” <SYN7
“R”
“R”
“s”
“s”
<ESC> “S”
<E-g-> “S”
<ESC7
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC-
R
<07
<l>
“0”
“1”
“T’
“U” <o>
“U” <l>
“u” “0”
FUNCTION
PAGE
Set automatic line feed
Cancel automatic line feed
Select character set #2
Select character set #l
Disable paper-out detector
Enable paper-out detector
Elite pitch
Copy standard characters from ROM into RAM
One-line unidirectional printing
Set MSB to 0
ml m2
ml1
Define download characters
Set MSB to 1
Convert graphics density
Reset printer
Set line spacing to n/72 inch
Set vertical tabstops
Set page length to n lines
Set page length to n inches
Set horizontal tab stops
Emphasized printing
Cancel emphasized printing
Double-strike printing
Cancel double-strike printing
Select draft aualitv characters
Select draft ilite characters
Select Sanserif characters
Select Courier characters
Select draft download character set
Select draft elite download character set
Select NLQ download character set
Select Courier characters
Select draft quality characters
Select draft elite characters
Select Sanserif characters
Select Courier characters
Select draft download character set
Select draft elite download character set
Select NLQ download character set
Select Courier characters
Perform one n/216-inch line feed
Print normal-density
g-bit graphics
Print double-density g-bit aranhics
Elite pitch
- Set bottom margin
Cancel top and bottom margins
Pica pitch
Select fixed spacing
Select proportional spacing
Set right margin
Set printer off-line
Reset all tab stops
Select international character set
Superscript
Subscript
Superscript
Subscript
Cancel superscript or subscript
z;
2:
41
60
;y.i;;;;~;~~;;;g
Bidirectional
printing
115
MODE CONTROL CODE
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC<ESC7
<ESC7
<ES&
<ESC7
Std.
IBM
IBM
<ESC7
<ESCs
<ES&
Std.
<ESC7
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC7
<ESC7
<ESC>
<ESC7
<ESC7
<ESC7
<ESC7
<ESC7
<ESC7
<ESC7
<ESC7
<ESC7
<ESC7
<ESC7
4SC7
<ESC7
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
&SC7
<ESC7
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ES&
<ESC>
<ESC7
<ESC>
116
FUNCTION
““” “1”
Unidirectional printing
Cancel expanded printing
“W” <o>
Expanded printing
“W” <17
Cancel expanded printing
“w” “0”
“w” “1”
Expanded printing
Set left and right margins
“x” nl n2
Print double-density, double-speed g-bit graphics
“Y” nl n2 ml m2 .
Print quadruple-density
g-bit graphics
“z” nl n2 ml m2 . . .
“[” “@” <47 -co> <07 <07 n m
Select character height, width, and line spacing
_
Relative horizontal Lb
‘T’ nl n2
Enable printing of all character codes
‘9” nl n2
Enable printing of all character codes on next
“*”
character
Print 9-pin graphics
“A” n0 nl n2 ml m2 . .
Stop ov&niig
“ ” <o>
Start overlining
‘I-‘* <17
.G?’ “1”
Stop overlining
“ ” “1”
Start overlining
Left justify
%” <o>
Center text
“a” ~17
Right justify
“a” ~27
“a” “0”
Left justify
Center text
“a” “1”
Right justify
“a” “2”
Set vertical tab stops in channel
“b” n0 nl n2 . . . <o>
Set top margin
“co n
Set horizontal tab stop every n columns
“e” co7 n
Set vertical tab stops every n lines
“e” ~17 n
Set horizontal tab stop every n columns
“e” “0” n
Set vertical tab stops every n lines
“e” “ 1” n
Absolute horizontal tab in columns
“f’ ~07 n
Feed paper n lines
“f’ ~17 n
Absolute horizontal tab in columns
“f’ “0” n
Feed paper n lines
“f’ “1” n
Select double or quadruple size
“h” n
Cancel immediate print
“i” <o>
Immediate print
“i” <l>
“i” “0”
Cancel immediate print
‘Ii” “1”
Immediate print
Perform one nf216-inch reverse lie feed
“j” n
Select NLQ type style
“k”n
Set left margin
“1” n
Select fixed spacing
“p” <o>
Select proportional spacing
“p” <l>
“p” “0”
Select fixed spacing
Select proportional spacing
“p” ” 1”
Select standard character set
“t” CO>
Select IBM character set
“t” <17
“1” “0”
Select standard character set
“t”” 1”
Select IBM character set
Return to normal height
“w” <O>
Print double-height characters
“w” <Is
Return to normal height
“w” “0”
Print double-height characters
“w” “1”
Select draft quality characters
“x” <o>
Select NLQ characters
“x” <17
‘ax” “0”
Select draft quality characters
‘4x” “1”
Select NLQ characters
Select normal zero
‘I-” <O>
Select slash zero
“-” <l>
PAGE
67
42
42
1:
54
58
MODE CONTROL CODE
<ESC> ‘L” “0”
<ESC> ‘a-” “ 1”
IBM
IBM
IBM
IBM
IBM
IBM
IBM
<FS> “4”
cFS> “5”
<FS> “:” <o> <O> <o>
<FS> “=”
<FS> “Q” n
<FS> “R” n
<FS> ‘T’ nl n2
“(” “(” ‘L-0 “)” “)” “o”
“(” “(” ‘L-0 “)” “)” “l”
“(” “(” “0” “)” “)”
“(” “(” ‘a4” “)” “)”
“(” “(3. “B” “)” “)” “0”
“(” “(” “B” “)” “)” “1”
“(” “(” “F” “)” “)” “0”
“(” “(” “F” “)” “)” “1”
“(” “(I, “F” “)” u)” “2”
“(” “(” “F” “)” “)” “3”
“(” “(” “F” “)” u)” “y
“(” “(” “I” “)” C‘)”“0”
“(.I “(” “I” “)” “)” “1”
“(” “(” “R” “)” “)”
“(” “(” “S” “)” “)” n
FUNCTION
PAGE
Select normal zero
Select slash zero
Select italic characters
Select upright characters
Copy standard characters from ROM into RAM
Set MSB to 0
Set right margin
Select international character set
Relative horizontal tab
Stop underlining
Start underlining
Manual feed
Auto feed
Cancel double-strike printing
Double-strike printing
Select Courier characters
Select Sanserif characters
Select Orator characters with small capitals
Select Orator characters with lower case
Sclcct draft quality characters
Select upright characters
Select italic characters
Eject paper from ASF
Select character size
41
i:,
36
60
2:
i!:
38
::
68
37
37
35
3.5
2
ii
2
45
117
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