Woodchip Boiler 20 to 200 kW User Manual

Woodchip Boiler 20 to 200 kW User Manual
xx.12.2008 G
Woodchip Boiler
20 to 200 kW
User Manual
User Manual Woodchip Boiler 20 to 200 kW
2008-12
Table of Contents
Conditions for guarantee and liability .............4
Measuring Emissions, Chimney .....................5
How does your new woodchip boiler works ... 6
Suitable fuels ........................................... 8
Operation ................................................ 9
Flue gas recirculation...................................9
Filling the Bunker .......................................9
Everything closed and air-tight? ....................10
Fuel Intake Blocked, Excessive Temperature....... 11
Setting up the boiler for fuel type ................... 12
Removing ashes and regular inspection ........... 13
Ash disposal jammed ................................. 15
Cleaning and maintenance ......................... 18
Operating Safely ....................................... 23
Approval, lime, corrosion, frost .....................23
Thermostat, Boiler Return ........................... 24
Temperature, ST, Safety Valve ....................... 24
Drain Valve, Pressure Compensation ................25
Ventilation, Aeration ..................................25
Accumulator ........................................... 26
Miscanthus, Carpentry Waste ........................ 27
Woodchips.............................................. 28
Setup .................................................... 34
Control Panel .......................................... 34
Entering submenues and Changing values ........35
Permissions, date, time .............................. 36
Room Sensor with Remote Control .................. 37
Winter- and Summer Operations .................. 38
Heating curve, heating threshold ................. 40
Inlet Temperature ......................................41
Room Temperature, Heating Periods .............. 42
Hot Water................................................43
Hot Water Circulation ................................ 44
Idle Period for Ash Disposal ......................... 45
Accumulator Loading Times, Accumulator Filling .. 46
Holiday Function .......................................47
Messages ................................................48
Alarm, Error, Warning, Information ............... 48
Possible Operating States ............................ 54
Behaviour in case of errors
• If you notice any signs of damage to safety
equipment (safety valves, compensator, etc.) or
to the boiler itself – especially significant is a loss
of water – you must not continue to operate the
system.
Shut down the system and have it repaired
instantly!
• Every error message shown on the display is
listed and explained in this user manual on
page 48 ff.
• If errors that you cannot remedy yourself occur
frequently, please contact a heating specialist, or
call our customer service department.
Settings of Heating Circuits ......................... 56
2
subject to change without prior notice
Preface
Dear Customer,
we are delighted to count you among our customers.
In order to guarantee satisfactory functioning of your
new boiler, you should first of all know how it is
operated, cleaned and maintained. This manual will
provide information and advice that reach far beyond
the boiler itself. For example, why safety fittings are
necessary and how they work.
Guarantee
Read “Conditions for guarantees and liability” on
page 4 ff. As a rule, all these requirements will be
met by a competent plumber. Nevertheless, we
advise you to draw his attention to our guarantee conditions. All requirements we place on your
heating system are designed to avoid damage, an
undesirable occurrence for owner and manufacturer
alike. Details on this subject can be found on page 4
ff and 23 ff.
Optimal use of the controls on your boiler.
If the boiler has been put into operation by a specialist, use the controls only for information about your
heating.
Two setting levels of controls are accessible to you:
At CUSTOMER level you can set the controls according
to your wishes and needs, without the risk of altering
the configuration set up by the specialist. Help and
examples can be found in section “Control panel” on
page 34 ff.
At SERVICE level changes and adjustments should only
be made by a specialist, your plumber or customer
service. Before making any adjustments yourself, you
should always consult a specialist.
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
Read the user manual carefully
before starting up the system. This is the only way to
ensure energy-saving and environmentally friendly
operation of your new boiler
Use the specialist’s knowledge and skills
Leave the mounting, installation, commissioning and
setting the basic controls to the specialist. Insist on an
explanation and briefing on how your new heating
system works, how it is operated and maintained
Extended guarantee period after commissioning
by an authorized partner company
If the newly installed boiler is started up by an
authorised partner company, we will extend your
guarantee period. Please contact your dealer for the
guarantee conditions valid at the time of purchase.
Service contract
The best service for your heating system is to be
obtained by concluding a service contract with a
heating specialist certified by us or our customer
service.
2008-01
3
Conditions for guarantee and liability
We can only provide guarantee and accept liability for the proper functioning of your boiler if it is
correctly installed and operated.
The guarantee and liability conditions will only be
effective if the woodchip boiler in question is used
only for space and water heating with a maximum of 4,000 operating hours per year and in
particular if the following conditions are observed
for installation and operation:
The boiler must be installed in a dry space in compliance with local building and fire protection regulations in the respective country.
The boiler can be fuelled with woodchips G 20 to
G50 – maximum W 35 as per ÖNORM M 7133. With
an optional flue gas recirculation you can additionally use ÖNORM M 7135, DIN 51731 and DINplus compliant pellets, elephant grass, very dry carpentry
waste and chipboard (compliant with BImSchV
fuel class 7, free of halogen organic compounds and
wood preservatives) as fuel. The use of unsuitable
fuels, especially pellets with a high risk of cinder,
such as cereal waste pellets, or highly corrosive
fuels, such as miscanthus where potassium chloride
fertiliser has been applied, is not permitted.
Water is intended as a heat transfer medium. If
special frost protection is necessary, up to 30% glycol
may be added. Decalcified water must be used
when filling the heating system for the first time
and when refilling after repairs. For the initial filling
of the boiler up to 90 kW the value of 20,000
lt°dH for the system volume (in litres) multiplied by
the hardness (German degrees of hardness) may not
be exceeded. For larger boilers of 130 and 200 kW
the maximum hardness is 30.000 lt°dH. The pH
value should be set to between 8 and 9. Refilling
with calciferous fresh water should be kept to a minimum in order to limit the formation of boiler scale
(see page 23). Sufficient shut-off valves should be
installed in order to avoid draining large amounts
of water in the event of repairs. Leaks in the system
must be repaired immediately.
A safety valve (max. 3 bar) must be installed by a
qualified plumber or heating installer as protection
against excess pressure (see page 24).
An adequately dimensioned or pressure maintaining device (see page 25) is required as protection
against air suction when the system cools down.
Adequate ventilation must also be provided (see
page 25). Operating the boiler with an open expansion tank will cause above-average boiler corrosion
due to the high air intake. For this reason, if the
compensator is open we exclude corrosion dama-
4
ge on the boiler from guarantee and liability.
Operating with a smaller output than that stated
on the rating plate is not permissible. If heating
requirements are significantly below the nominal
output of the boiler, you will need to either define
heating time limits, or deploy an accumulator (see
page 26 ff).
Excepting standard devices such as thermostats,
only components supplied by us may be used for
extending the controls.
Cleaning and maintenance work must be carried
out as described in this manual (see page 18).
Repairs are only permissible using spare parts
supplied by us. Exceptions are standard parts such
as electric fuses or fastening material, provided they
have the required properties and do not impair the
safety of the system.
The specialist carrying out the work shall be
responsible for correct installation in accordance with
the instructions accompanying the boiler, relevant
rules and safety regulations. If you as a customer
have installed the heating system in whole or in part
without the necessary professional training and, in
particular, without the relevant practical experience,
and have not had your work inspected by a (responsible) professional, we must exclude defects in
the supplied equipment and consequential damage
resulting therefrom from our guarantee and liability.
We reserve the right to make technical changes
In order to pass on to you the benefits of our
ongoing developmental work, we reserve the right
to make technical changes without prior notice.
Printing and typing errors or modifications of any
kind do not entitle the customer to make a claim.
Individual fitting variations shown or described
here are only available on option. In the event of
discrepancies between documents with regard to
the scope of delivery, the particulars in our current
price list shall prevail.
subject to change without prior notice
Measuring emissions
Measuring emissions
Testing carbon monoxide (CO) emission regularly is
mandatory for all boilers. In Germany, dust measurements are mandatory in the scope of regular testing.
A number of errors may occur and render the measurements incorrect, although the system optimally
conforms to the standard values for long periods of
time in normal operation.
The chimney sweep will make an appointment with
the owner to carry out these measurements. The
customer may and should demand this.
The boiler including flue liner should be cleaned
a week, or at least three days prior to measurement.
Then operate the boiler normally. An interval of at
least three days must be allowed between cleaning
and measuring to allow the dust swirled up by
cleaning to settle. If the chimney sweep measures
the swirled up dust, his reading for the dust value
will be unduly high.
Avoid - under all circumstances - cleaning on
the day of measuring.
Ensure sufficient heat consumption
Open all radiator valves and set the radiator thermostats to maximum position.
Start of measurements a quarter of an hour
after firing up.
Keep the [ ] button pressed for 5 seconds until
“Emission measurement: duration 30 min.” appears
on the display and the LED in the [ ] button flashes. The boiler controls will ensure that the required
amount of heat flows into the heating circuits and
domestic water tank.
Measurement should be started 15 minutes after the
boiler has reached operating temperature.
The boiler will revert to normal operation if the
[ ] button is pressed again or automatically after
30 minutes.
Check if boiler has returned to automatic mode after
measurement. This is confirmed by the lit green LED
in the [ ] button.
Chimney
Chimney renovation before it is too late
With the regulated induced draught fan and adjustable minimum gas temperature, your new boiler
will for the most part fit existing flues without major
adaptation. However, it is advisable to have the
suitability of your flue verified by a chimney sweep
or constructor.
If your boiler has a flue gas recirculation and the
chimney draught is above 15 Pa due to a tall chimney (of over 12 m), a draught regulator is required.
Instead of a draught regulator flap, a nozzle in the
chimney top is an excellent solution, as this also
achieves higher exit speeds and thus improves
exhaust gas extraction.
Modern boilers have a higher level of efficiency
than older models, together with smaller amounts
of exhaust gas and significantly lower exhaust gas
temperatures.
Especially flues with “too large a cross-section”
(more than 20 cm) are no longer adequately heated.
The water contained in the exhaust gas condenses
in the chimney and slowly but surely destroys old
masonry chimneys.
If the chimney diameter is too large, the discharge
velocity and temperature are too low. The exhaust
gas lacks the required energy to rise.
If your chimney is not lined with water resistant
material or its diameter is too large, the usual
solution is to fit a moisture-resistant flue liner. If the
chimney diameter is not large enough, a stainless
steel pipe can be fitted.
Please bear in mind that the lifespan of chimneys
is limited. If undertaken in good time and the
chimney wall is still in good condition, it can be
quickly and easily renovated by inserting a new flue
liner. However, if the exhaust gas condensate has
penetrated the mortar joints, the chimney must be
completely dismantled and reconstructed.
Air-tight and insulated connecting pipe to the
chimney
The flue gas pipe must be air-tight. Insertion type
and round joints can be sealed with heat-resistant
silicon 300°C and/or pure aluminium adhesive tape
to prevent dust and exhaust gas escaping.
Insulating the pipe improves the chimney draught,
provides protection against burns in case of accidental touching, and reduces the danger of fire.
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
2008-01
5
How does your new woodchip boiler works?
Spring arms adjust to load
The floor agitator feeds the woodchips to the conveyor screw (4). The spring arms (1) adjust to handle
the material covering them. If the bunker is full and
the load above the agitator high, the spring arms
move to touch the agitator plate (2). This reduces the
force required to drive the agitator and also power
consumption. If the bunker is emptying, the spring
arms move out towards the side walls to empty the
bunker.
The floor agitator must rotate during filling
To avoid the spring arms jamming underneath a pile
of woodchips, the floor agitator must rotate during
filling (press the [ ] button for 5 seconds to switch
to emission measurement mode).
Conveyor screw torque monitoring
Drive power monitoring immediately detects
resistance built up in the screws. A backwards
movement of the screws is automatically triggered
and repeated up three times if needed. Because the
floor agitator is uncoupled thanks to the freewheel
assembly (3), the full drive power is available for
freeing the screw. This means that any wood or even
stones that are jammed are easily freed, and fuel
transport can continue without any obstructions.
in storage rooms (barns), in case of boiler output of
more than 150 kW, in case of a fuel storage volume
above 200 m³, and for carpentry waste.
Excessively long pieces of wood cannot bring the
fuel feeder to a standstill. They are cut off at the
edge of the rotary valve chamber by a hardened and
replaceable cutter.
Hot combustion chamber with tilting grate
The woodchips are pushed laterally onto the grate
by the stoker screw (6). A refractory-lined combustion chamber (7) guarantees a clean fire with a high
combustion temperature.
Periodically, depending on the heating output, the
grate is rotated through 90° after a controlled burnout phase to automatically remove ash and foreign
bodies from the combustion chamber. The ash
remains in the ash chamber below the grate until
the grate is tilted again and can burn out before it
is discharged by a screw (8) into the removable ash
bin (9).
1
4
2
3
Maximum burn-back protection
The air-tight one-chamber rotary valve (5) reliably
isolates the combustion chamber from the fuel
store in all operating modes. This prevents hot gas
entering the fuel feeder and igniting the woodchips.
This is the most reliable form of protection against
burn-back. The Austrian fire protection authority‘s
TRVB H118 regulations (which are often applied in
Germany, too, due to the lack of a national standard) additionally requires a water sprinkler (which
is available as an optional accessory) for fuel stores
6
Optimised ignition
After short interruptions to the burning process, the
refractory-lined chamber will remain hot enough
for the remaining embers to ignite any fresh fuel fed
into it. The ignition fan is only required after longer
interruptions. After successful ignition, as detected
by a Lambda probe and the exhaust gas temperature, the ignition fan is immediately switched off to
save power.
subject to change without prior notice
Lambda probe and turbulent heat exchanger
causes incomplete combustion. Too much air cools
the fire. At below 700°C not all parts of the wood
gas are burnt. Furthermore, too much air transports
too much heat out of the boiler.
The lambda probe also guarantees optimum combustion and best fuel utilisation in daily use, not
only with selected wood on the test stand.
15
Turbulent heat exchanger with simple cleaning
Only after complete combustion does the hot gas
flow into the cold section of the boiler, where it
passes its heat onto the boiler water. At first this
takes place through a smooth down-swept flue (12)
to remove the ash and then turbulently through the
heat exchanger tubes fitted with turbulators.
12
13
7
11
5
10
6
8
14
9
The more turbulent, the better the gas particles
come into contact with the tube wall, enabling
maximum heat to be delivered to the heating water.
Low exhaust gas temperatures and high levels of
efficiency are thus achieved.
During cleaning (grate rotation) the turbulators
(13) are moved to remove fly ash from the heatexchanger tubes. A screw (14) discharges the ash into
the ash bin (9).
Maximum safety thanks to low pressure
The fire is controlled between minimum and
maximum output. In case of moderate heating in
autumn or spring, the output is adjusted by means
of burning process interruptions. To avoid smouldering with tar build up during the interruptions,
the fire is allowed to burn down in a controlled
way. Closing the primary (10) and secondary (11) air
flaps avoids air flowing through the boiler when
idle, thus avoiding heat escaping into the chimney
without being used.
Best fuel utilisation with lambda control
draught fan
Burning process interruptions with minimal heat
loss
A draught fan (15) at the exit point of the boiler causes low pressure in the whole boiler, thus
ensuring a high level of operating safety without
the danger of detonation or burn-back. The airtight one-chamber rotary valve (5) makes a typical
combustion air fan unnecessary. The required air is
taken in via the controlled primary (10) and secondary air flaps thanks to the low pressure in the combustion chamber.
Secondary
air
The wood gasification rate can be regulated via the
primary air intake (10). With the lambda controlled
secondary air (11) the combustion is kept in the clean
range with a high rate of efficiency.
If too little air is taken in, there is not enough oxygen for complete combustion. But too much air also
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
primary air
2008-01
7
Suitable Fuels
Use rough woodchips G30 - G50 with low fines
fraction content
The length of the individual woodchips should be
between 30 and 50 mm. This keeps stored woodchips well aired. Water may escape from the pile. The
probability of rotting and mould is low.
rough + dry = good performance
A higher percentage of fines (sawdust, bark, needles,
soil, sand) blocks the airflow. Water vaporising at the
hot interior of the pile condenses at the top of the
pile. This causes some woodchips to dry-rot rendering them useless as heating fuel (see page 26).
Avoid green, moist woodchips
fine + dry = poor performance
Woodchips need to be dry to the touch (water content
below 25%) for trouble-free storage in a concrete
bunker. Green, roughly cut woodchips stored in an
open shed and exposed to wind will quickly achieve
water content of below 35% and thus be usable as
boiler fuel.
rough + moist = poor performance
storage well ventilated only
Finely chopped woodchips, or woodchips from green
branches with a high percentage of bark and needles are impermeable to air and will not dry to any
appreciable extent, but quickly rot, thus losing much
of their value as fuel (see page 28).
Special precautions with scrap wood
fine + moist = no
performance
When scrap wood is sold, it may be wood with dry rot
that has no fuel value: for this reason you should buy
scrap wood by weight only and with a limited water
content of max. 25%. Also make sure that the wood
is free of pollutants. Current legislation only allows
the use of untreated wood without foreign bodies for
heating purposes (see also page 32 for Germany).
A flue gas recirculation is available as an
option. It is required for pellets, elephant grass
and very dry carpentry waste (see page 27).
Wood working enterprises are allowed to use
chipboard for heating, if it is free of halogens and
preservatives
Nails and stones
will not stop the boiler running, but they will increase wear and tear on the screws and rotary valve
blades.
Sand and soil, more ash and cinder
flue gas recirculation
Although this is not allowed by law, chipboards can
contain high levels of chemicals (including „illegal“
chlorines and fluorines) which cause corrosion and
above average wear and tear on the boiler.
Above a certain threshold, which differs greatly
depending on the woodchips, cinder deposits will
build up on the grate, and need to be removed
manually. Avoid excessive sand and soil content.
8
subject to change without prior notice
Filling the Bunker
Do not drive over the floor agitator during filling
Before filling a bunker equipped with a floor
agitator the boiler must be fully connected
The floor agitator must rotate during filling
When the bunker is empty, the floor agitator arms
stretch out to the sides. Covering the arms with fuel
in this position will cause them to jam and make it
impossible to start the agitator.
Press the [ ] button on the boiler for 5 seconds to
start the floor agitator
N ET Z
ETA-tronic
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL operating
HWT
Loaded
As it is impossible to rotate the agitator without
feeding woodchips into the boiler, you need to start
the same process as for emission measurement. The
generated heat is fed into the boiler and the heating
circuits.
Shortly pressing the [ ] button stops the floor agitator. If you do not press the [ ] button, the boiler
will switch off automatically after 30 minutes.
1
2
5 sec
5 sek
WOODCHIP CONTROL 0
INFO
Emission measurement
duration: 30 min.
Start your fuel pile in the middle
If agitators are loaded from the side, the rotating
arms move through the woodchips, which deflects
them towards the middle disc. When the rotating
arms reach empty space, they lash back into original
position. To avoid this effect, start your pile in the
middle of the agitator using a front-end loader to
deposit the woodchips while the agitator is moving.
Never drive over the agitator surface!
Bunkers with a filling screw
If the bunker is almost empty, pour in 2 to 3 m³
of woodchips or pellets before starting the floor
agitator.
Tip slowly into the bunker!!!
When tipping fuel into the bunker make sure that
you dump slowly onto the stirring unit of the
agitator. Dumping a full load into the bunker from
a height of 3 m or more meters can damage the
stirring unit.
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
Maximum height of dumping onto the agitator
Wooden pellets and miscanthus
pellets
up to 2,5 m
Woodchips
up to 5,0 m
Bulk chaffed miscanthus
up to 10 m
2008-01
9
Everything closed and air-tight?
Before the Start
Make sure there is no leak air
To make sure there is no leak air check that all doors and
service covers are closed and air-tight, before commissioning,
but also after servicing.
Leak air, firstly, offsets the lambda measurement: Less air
intake implies that the combustion chamber will become hotter. That way leak air causes cinder and precipitates refractory
wear in the combustion chamber. The lack of air also leads
to incomplete combustion, and this may cause tarring of the
heat-exchanger.
Secondly leak air may reduce your boiler‘s performance.
Inside cover on the heat-exchanger outlet
Reach from the front through the combustion chamber door to
check if the interior cover is seated in its frame and air-tight.
Combustion chamber door
The handle of the combustion chamber door must close
solidly (with some force) (see page 19).
Is the heat-exchanger cover closed?
Firstly rotate the ball knob half a turn clockwise to engage and
pull the ball knob to check if the catch holds.
Secondly, alternately tighten the two knurled nuts. You will
not be able to seal one side air-tightly if the other side is
closed too tightly, already. Therefore, please, turn the knurled
nuts alternately.
altermately
Is the ash bin closed, coupled and air-tight?
The seals on both the coupling and the cover must be clean
and undamaged. All four clamps must be closed.
Are the drop shaft and the rotary valve closed?
An open drop shaft cover (two safety switches), or an open
revision opening at the bottom of the rotary valve (one safety
switch) will stop boiler operations.
Check the Lambda probe (for commissioning only)
The clamping pipe must be screwed tightly - 20 kg with a
20cm lever - (use a pipe wrench).
10
subject to change without prior notice
Fuel Intake Blocked, Excessive Temperature
„Excessive current consumption“
Too large a piece of wood, or a foreign body
If a single, large piece of wood or a foreign body
blocks the conveyor screw, the control unit tries to
free the blockage by turning back 3 x. If the current
consumption of the motor is still too high after
doing so, feeding is stopped to protect the screw.
Conveyor 0
** ERROR **
Current Consumpt. of
conv.screw too high
Conveyor 0
** ERROR **
Current consum. of
stoker scr. too high
Conveyor 0
** ERROR **
Conveyor overload
Let cool off!
Conveyor 0
** ERROR **
Stoker overload
Let cool off!
NN EE TT ZZ
„Overload“ - Woodchips too rough or too sharp
ETA-tronic
ETA-tronic
Conveyor
Conveyor 00
**
** ERROR
ERROR **
**
Switch off!!!
Stoker
Stoker overload
overload
If the feed unit is overloaded for an extended period
by excessively rough or sharp woodchips (many long
pieces of wood), motor protection cuts in.
Let
Let cool
cool off!
off!
11
22
55sec
sec
Firstly, switch off at the mains, open fuel intake,
remove obstacle, and restart the boiler
After removing the obstacle and closing the fuel
intake again, switch on the mains switch, press the[
] button to acknowledge the error, and then press
the [ ] button to restart the boiler.
Thermal emergency valve or safety valve triggered
- Are the pumps OK and the heating pipes open?
You may need to top up with water
Check if the pumps are running. To do so, use a
screwdriver as a „stethoscope“.
When the system is new or has not been in use
for some time, check that the riser valve is at AUTO
status (for ESBE mixing valve, that the hand-operated knob has engaged at AUTO function) and that
all valves in the heating pipes are open (Always
completely open ball valves as to prevent the seals
from deteriorating. Valves open by turning anti-clockwise; to relieve the spindle from the fully-open
position, rotate back a quarter turn.)
If the boiler temperature has dropped again, you
may need to top up with water. In houses with up
to three storeys, the pressure should be between 1
and 2 bar when the system is cold, and between 1.5
and 3 bar when warm.
Safety valve
Thermal Emergency Valve
AUTO
Pressure
open
Safety thermostat
The safety thermostat (ST) switches off the boiler
when the temperature reaches 105°C (tolerance
range between 99°C and 105°C). When the boiler
temperature has fallen below 70°C the ST can be
deactivated. The deactivating button is set in a drill
hole in the door frame above the charging door.
To deactivate, push the button deep into the hole,
preferably with a match.
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
AUTO
WOODCHIP CONTROL 0
!!! ALARM !!!
SafetyThermost.
activated!
2008-01
11
Setting up the boiler for fuel type
woodpellets
woodchips
Miscanthuspellets
Miscanthus bulk
Adjusting the fire bed level sensor
To put it simply: the drier your fuel is, the faster it
will gasify, and the less fuel is needed at the grate. It
is therefore important to set the fire bed level sensor
to match the fuel type.
To locate the fire bed level sensor, open the insulating door and look behind the lower sheet metal
lagging.
Feed on the left side
If your boiler is equipped with a flue gas recirculation
Switch off the return system for woodchips
Fit the intermediate cover below the junction box in
the return line and set the „Flue gas rec.“ parameter
in the „CHIP_BOIL“ control menu to „NO“ (password:
0135).
Feed on the right side
For woodchips Block flue gas recirculation with intermediate cover.
For pellets / miscanthus remove the intermediate
cover from the flue gas
recirculation.
Switch on the return system for pellets and miscanthus
Remove the intermediate cover (see 9.7) and store
at the rear of the boiler below the safety heat
exchanger; fix with a (longer) casing screw. Set the
„Flue gas rec.“ parameter in the „CHIP_BOIL“ control
menu to „YES“ (password: 0135).
The quantity of ash depends on the fuel and the
season
Ash is the non-combustible fuel residue. It includes
minerals such as calcium or potassium, without
which no life forms can exist. But it also include
soil, sand and stones, which are contaminants in
the fuel.
in summer
As a rule of thumb: the darker the fuel, the more
bark, soiling, or rotten material - and thus the more
ash - it contains.
woodchips
without bark
Theoretically, both, woodchips made of pure wood
and woodchips with bark, should have the same
ash content of 0.5%. In practical terms, soil and
sand always sticks to the bark.
woodchips
with bark
miscanthus
Stalks and leaves need potassium for rigidity. Their
soiled surface is even larger. The ash content is thus
between 3 and 6 %.
bush cuttings
thin branches
high leaf content
Dark material comprising thin branches typically also
contains a high percentage of rotten material, which
means less combustible material and more ash.
12
Checking the
ash bin
at the peak of
heating season
approx.
approx.
5 weeks
once a week
approx.
approx.
2 weeks
3 days
approx.
approx.
10 days
2 days
approx.
5 days
every day
How often you need to empty the
ash bin, depends on ash content and
fuel quality.
subject to change without prior notice
Removing ashes and regular inspection
Is the ash bin full?
You can check the ash bin filling status without opening
it by knocking on the vertical bin wall. A full bin sounds
dull and short; an empty bin produces a lighter sound
with more echo, like a drum.
Reminder option via display
You can define a woodchip quantity - in the „CHIP.
BOIL“ -> „De-ashing“ -> „Empty ash bin at [kg]“ menu
- after the consumation of which you will receive a
reminder. This reminder is not enabled per default (the
value is set to „0“), as it is only possible to achieve a
satisfactory setting with very homogeneous woodchips.
WOODCHIP CONTROL 0
-- WARNING -Empty ash bin
WOODCHIP CONTROL 0
-- WARNING -Current consumpt. of
ash screw too high
Either the ash bin is full, or the ash screw is blocked
by a foreign body
The current consumption of the ash screw is continually
monitored; in case of excessive current consumption a
warning „ Ash disposal: current exceeds“ is shown.
Usually, this is caused by a full ash bin; empty the bin
as described on the following pages.
If the ash bin is not full, a foreign body jams the ash
screw. Please, follow the instructions on page 15.
Do neither open nor remove the ash bin during
boiler operation! (Identifiable by the fact that
the induced draught fan is running.)
Due to the significant flow of leak air caused by the
removal of the ash bin, too much ash would exit the
boiler via the chimney into the environment (see the
following pages).
Before emptying the ash bin, press the [ ] button to
stop the boiler.
Do not switch off at the mains power switch, to be able
to perform the remaining steps.
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL burndown
HWT
Loaded
N ET Z
ETA-tronic
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL operating
HWT
Loaded
1
2
Wait until the embers have burnt down.
Depending on material, the embers can take between
10 and 30 minutes to burn down. During that time,
please, perform the following checks:
Water pressure in the heating system
In houses with up to three storeys, the pressure should
be between 1 and 2 bar when the system is cold, and
between 1.5 and 3 bar when warm. Use only decalcified water in case of a large accumulator volume. If the
water pressure is regularly too low, check the cause of
the leakage.
5 sec
burndown
wait
10 to 30minutes
13:40:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL swit. off
HWT
Loaded
Safety valve and thermal emergency valve
should not drip. Some dirt might be trapped in the
seal seat; multiple opening could flush this out. Never
open a safety valve or thermal drain device on a Friday
evening in the middle of a cold winter; you might not
be able to contact a heating contractor. If the sealing lip
is torn, you must replace the valve immediately.
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
2008-01
13
Removing ashes and regular inspection
Never store combustible material in the boiler room.
Do you have a fire extinguisher ready? You should
always have a fire extinguisher available en route to the
boiler room (but not in the boiler room itself).
The fireproof door in the boiler room must close automatically.
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL swit. off
HWT
Loaded
N ET Z
ETA-tronic
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL swit.off
HWT
Loaded
1
2
draught fan
switched off
5 sec
Remove the ash bin when the green „Draught fan“
LED is unlit
open
Do not remove the ash bin until the embers have burnt
down completely. 10 to 30 minutes after pressing the
[ ] button, the boiler is in „Switched off“ mode, and
the draught fan is idle (green LED bottom left on the control panel unlit). Failure to observe these precautions will
mean that leakage air transports fly ash via the ash path
into the chimney and thus into the atmosphere.
Removing and emptying the ash bin
The clamps open easily and without applying force by
pressing the latch in the direction of the arrow.
No large cinder pieces in the ash?
If the ash contains many and large cinder pieces, check
the grate (see page 26) and shorten the de-ashing times
(see page 17).
Do not fill embers into the dustbin
If embers are still present in the ash, fill the ash into a
fireproof container and leave it to stand for at least 2
days. Do not place it into the dustbin until you are sure
there are absolutely no embers left in the ash.
A second ash bin is available as an accessory, or alternatively garbage truck compatible 110 lt garbage containers
which can be docked onto the boiler directly. Ask your
heating specialist for details.
Check the seals
in the ash bin lid and the connecting channels on the
boiler. The seals must not be damaged.
If the ash deposit in the combustion chamber is steeper than 45 degrees,
press the yellow [ ] button to start de-ashing and use
the rake immediately to eject the ash into the combustion chamber. If de-ashing does not achieve the desired
results, repeat. Take this opportunity to make ure that
the interior cover above the heat exchanger inlet is
air-tight
N ET Z
N ET Z
ETA-tronic
ETA-tronic
?
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL swit.off
HWT
Loaded
1
2
5 sec
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL
de-ash
HWT
Loaded
1
2
5 sec
Press the [ ] button for restart
14
subject to change without prior notice
Ash disposal jammed
Ash disposal is blocked by foreign body
WOODCHIP CONTROL 0
-- WARNING -Current consumpt. of
ash screw too high
The power consumption of the ash disposal is
continually monitored; in case of excessive power
consumption a warning „Ash disposal: current
exceeds“ is displayed.
Before taking further steps, tap on the ash bin to
check the fill level. Under normal circumstances, you
will find the ash bin full; empty the bin as described
on pages 13 f.
Empty out
when full!
If the ash bin is not full, you can assume that a
foreign body jams the ash screw of the ash disposal.
N ET Z
Press the [ ] button to acknowledge the error and
then press [ ] to repeat de-ashing.
In many cases, a normal de-ashing cycle, which
moves the screw backwards and forwards three
times, is sufficient to dislodge small foreign bodies.
ETA-tronic
WOODCHIP CONTROL 0
-- WARNING -Current consumpt. of
ash screw too high
1
2
5 sec
1
2
Switch off at mains switch
Set the grate to vertical position (using key)
Remove the ash bin
Look for the foreign body and remove by hand
The foreign body may be jammed crosswise at the
point where the screw exits the ash chamber. Switch
off at the mains switch and attempt to remove the
foreign body using pliers.
The figure shows the model for up to 90 kW. As
of 130 kW you must use the control unit to tilt the
grate. In the „CHIP-BOIL“ -> „De-ashing“ menu
press the [ ] button to switch the „TILTGRATE“ to
manual mode and then press [u] to tilt the grate.
Before you reach into the boiler, switch off at the
mains switch.
Removing the grate ash screw
The grate ash screw is located below the grate at
the centre of the boiler If this screw jams, and you
cannot remove the blockage, you must remove the
screw. To do so, loosen the M8 bolt (size 13 spanner) to that holds the screw to the axis, and turn
the screw anti-clockwise to pull it out of the screw
channel. Use a suitable tool to clean the ash channel, and then refit the screw.
The heat exchanger ash screw does not jam very
often
If you are sure that it is not the grate ash screw that
causes the jam, please contact customer service to
discuss further steps.
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
2008-01
15
Fuel Causing Cinder
What if you find „suspicious“ cinder in the ash
Check and clean the grate
If you find „suspiciously“ large and very hard, glassy
cinder pieces in the ash, and only then, you will
need to check the combustion chamber and grate.
Small, isolated pieces of cinder are nothing to worry
about. The threshold for permissible cinder size is
when it clogs the air vents of the grate.
Often a fuel change is the cause; please check the
fuel-related settings (page 17).
For fuels that do not clog the air vents on the grate,
you only need to perform this check once a year.
Press [ ] button to switch off, wait until embers
have burnt down, and then start de-ashing
Please wait until the green LED on the draught fan
is unlit and the display reads „Switched off“ before
you start de-ashing. Then press the yellow [ ]
button for de-ashing. This tilts the grate, cleans the
heat exchanger and ash screws transport ash from
the boiler into the ash bin.
Raise the combustion chamber lid while the grate
tilts
First, use the rake to scrape the ash from the combustion chamber lid into the combustion chamber.
Then use the rake to raise the (hot) lid at the back of
the combustion chamber so you can see the grate.
Use the rake to clean the standing grate
This is easier when the grate is lowered.
The ash and cinder is transported by the rotating ash
screw while the grate tilts.
Check the lever on the fire-bed level sensor
Check that the level sensor lever can move freely by
pulling it several times with the rake
When the grate is horizontal, check and clean the
air vents
As the combustion chamber is still hot, a mirror and
a torch are very useful. Use the poker for cleaning.
Repeat de-ashing by pressing the yellow [ ]
button, reinsert the combustion chamber lid, close
the combustion chamber door.
16
subject to change without prior notice
Fuel Causing Cinder
If the fuel causes cinder
Fuel
WoodChip
Flue gas rec.
NO
Ash Disposal
AUTO
Boiler
0º
If you discover large cinder pieces in the ash bin, the
cause is typically an excessive ash content in the fuel.
You need to de-ash more frequently in this case. Before
you reduce the interval between de-ashing, check if the
following parameters are set correctly:
IDLE PERIOD
ASH DISPOSAL
TILTING FLAP
Is the right fuel (woodchips, wooden pellets,
miscanthus bulk or miscanthus pellets) set
in the „CHIP.BOIL“ menu? See page 35 for the
changing the settings.
Stop
Stop
Cleaning
OFF
Deash
earliest at[kg] 25
latest at[kg]
60
Is the flue gas recirculation set correctly?
Either „YES“ and the intermediate cover is removed (flue gas recirculation at rear of boiler
below the junction box, see also page 12), or
„NO“ and intermediate cover fitted.
If reducing the de-ashing times does not achieve
the desired result, please call our customer services.
Increasing the residual oxygen set value (by 1 to 2%),
or limiting the boiler output by reducing the maximum
exhaust gas temperature may help.
Are the set de-ashing idle periods longer than the
maximum permitted intervals (page 45)?
As a rule: as long as the cinder does not clog the air
vents on the grate, there is no need to worry. If you
need to clean the grate more or less every week, or
even more frequently, you should definitely choose a
different fuel that causes less cinder: with less bark,
less soiling and less rotten material.
Are the boiler door, heat-exchanger cover and ash
bin (screw connection heat-exchanger side)
closed and air-tight (leakage air falsifies the
Lambda value)?
If the fuel, flue gas recirculation and idle periods
are set correctly, you must reduce the deashing intervals. You must reduce both values
„earliest at [kg]“ and „latest at [kg]“. Never
reduce by more than one quarter; this will
allow you to approximate the optimum value.
A draught regulator may be required for the flue gas
recirculation to work
Too high a chimney draught can also cause cinder, as
it impacts the efficiency of the flue gas recirculation.
For the flue gas recirculation to work satisfactorily, a
draught regulator is imperative for a chimney draught of more than 15 Pa (as of approx. 12 m chimney
height). Instead of a draught regulator flap, a nozzle
in the chimney top is an excellent solution, as this also
achieves higher exit speeds and thus improves exhaust
gas extraction.
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL operating
HWT
Loaded
Demands
ACC. TANK
Factory defaults for de-ashing
Values are set in the „Fuel“ parameter in the „CHIP.BOIL“ menu
Number of times to tilt grate for de-ashing
Automatic de-ashing at end of each heating phase
Deash for boiler 20 to 49 kW earliest at
Deash for boiler 20 to 49 kW latest at
Deash for boiler 63 to 90 kW earliest at
Deash for boiler 63 to 90 kW latest at
Deash for boiler 130 kW earliest at
Deash for boiler 130 kW latest at
Deash for boiler 200 kW earliest at
Deash for boiler 200 kW latest at
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
woodchips
wooden
pellets
miscanthus
bulk
miscanthus
pellets
1
No
25 kg
50 kg
35 kg
65 kg
45 kg
100 kg
70 kg
155 kg
1
No
35 kg
60 kg
55 kg
90 kg
90 kg
150 kg
140 kg
230 kg
2
Yes
5 kg
10 kg
9 kg
15 kg
11 kg
19 kg
17 kg
30 kg
2
Yes
5 kg
10 kg
9 kg
15 kg
11 kg
19 kg
17 kg
30 kg
2008-01
17
Cleaning and maintenance
Each time you empty the ash bin
check the following points and remedy any defects
(for more details, see page 13):
• Check (from the combustion chamber side) that
the interior cover above the heat-exchanger
outlet is air-tight.
• No large, hard pieces of cinder in the ash? If
the ash contains many large pieces of cinder, see
„Fuel causing cinder“ on pages 16 ff.
• Check the turbulators for tarring
• Sweep the flue gas recirculation (if installed)
• Safety valve on boiler, and also on solar-heated
accumulator if fitted
• Check extinguishers (if installed)
• Check error display/warning devices (if installed)
• Check test heating and residual oxygen value
• Check the seals on the ash bin.
• The ash deposit in the combustion chamber
must not be steeper than 45 degrees.
• Water pressure: Only use decalcified water in
case of a large accumulator volume. If the water
pressure is regularly too low, check the cause of
the leakage.
• The safety valve and thermal emergency valve
must not leak (see page 26).
• No combustible material in the boiler room.
• Do you have a fire extinguisher at hand? You
should always have a fire extinguisher available
en route to the boiler room (but not in the boiler
room itself).
• The fireproof door in the boiler room must
close automatically.
Perform professional maintenance when prompted to do so by the control unit, or at least every
3 years
The minimum scope of this work is described on
page 22. Maintenance should be performed by an
authorised heating contractor, or by our customer
service department, both of whom have full access
to information detailing the components that
require special testing.
Service contract
The best service for your heating system is to be
obtained by concluding a service contract with a
heating specialist certified by us or our customer
service.
When prompted to do so by the control unit, or at
least once a year,
check the following items and remedy any defects
(see pages 19 ff. for more details):
• Air-tightness of combustion chamber doors
• Seals on ash bin lid and ash couplings on
boiler
• Check and clean the grate
• Fire-bed level sensor
• Secondary air vents in the combustion chamber
• Fireproof refractory lining in combustion
chamber
• Sweep the flue gas pipe to the chimney
• Sweep fly ash from the chimney
• Clean the condensate line in the chimney
• Sweep fly ash from the reversing chamber
• Vacuum the Lambda probe
18
subject to change without prior notice
Annual
Cleaning and Maintenance
If prompted by the controls or at least once a year:
for woodchips and wooden pellets after 3,000 working hours, for miscanthus after 1,500 working hours
Check that the combustion chamber doors are
air-tight. The boiler handle must engage tightly
(apply some pressure), the sealing edges of
the doors must close evenly and leave a visible
impression on the sealing cord. Leaky sections
can be identified by variations in the colouring
on the sealing cord or with a cigarette lighter
while the induced draught is running. The flame
will be drawn through the leak.
If leaks are found, it usually suffices to adjust the
hinges and the closing roller mount (see picture).
It is not always necessary to replace the sealing
cords.
Check and clean grate as described on page 17.
Check the fire-bed level sensor (overfill safeguard)
in the combustion chamber for ease of movement, and also make sure the limit switch below
the bottom cover behind the insulating door is
set correctly and is actuated by the lever.
Clean secondary
airvents
wooden pelletswoodchips
miscanthus Pellets
miscanthus bulk
Figures show right-hand fuel feed,
The left-hand fuel feed is laterally
reversed.
Are the secondary air vents in the refractory lining
clean?
Adjusting seals
Loosen the hexagonal nuts
with a 13mm spanner and
push the closing roller
mount and hinge evenly
about 0.5 to 1mm towards
the back.
Fire-proof refractory lining okay?
Flue pipe to chimney, if the horizontal length is
less than 50cm, sweep, or check (switch off at
mains switch first).
Remove fly ash from chimney, blow out condensate line with compressor.
The chimney is the chimney sweep‘s responsibility.
Ask if he will also clean the boiler.
Are the seals on ash bin lid and ash couplings on
boiler intact?
Open the lid above the heat-exchanger (switch
off at mains switch first)
180°
Open the heat-exchanger lid
Turn the knurled nuts to open the cover fastening,
then rotate the ball knob anti-clockwise through 180°
and lift the lid.
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
2008-01
19
Cleaning and Maintenance
Annually
Risk of fire
Either wait with vacuuming until no embers are
left in the boiler, or use a vacuum cleaner with a
heat-resistant ash trap.
alternately
then tighten the knurled wheels alternately.
If one side is closed too tighty, you will not be able
to close the other side tightly.
Sweep the flue gas recirculation
If your boiler has a flue gas recirculation (for pellets or miscanthus), you must also clean the pipes of
the recirculation.
Sweep the fly ash in the reversing chamber.
Clean the second flue; to do so, remove the interior
cover, and replace correctly when done!
Check the induced draught fan; remove and clean
if needed. Take extra care when vacuuming the
Lambda probe (arrow).
Do not remove and clean the turbulators, unless
they are tarred. And only clean the heat-exchanger
tubes if they are tarred, too.
Check from the combustion chamber side that the
interior cover above the heat-exchanger outlet is
air-tight.
180°
Close the heat-exchanger lid.
Turn the ball knob half a turn clockwise first to
engage,
20
Open the lid, sweep with a brush, and vacuum
the ash.
subject to change without prior notice
Annually
Cleaning and Maintenance
Check the boiler safety valves
by turning the knob on top of the valve to open it.
(in the case of solar feed to the accumulator, also
check the accumulator safety valve). The membranes
of the safety valve may stick to the sealing seat, if the
valve is not opened. Never check on a Friday during
a cold winter, for a plumber will not be available on
weekends. If the sealing lip is defective, the valve
must be replaced immediately.
Check extinguishing devices
Extinguishing devices must be ready for operations,
including the water supply (only if installed).
Check error display/warning devices,
if messages from the boiler room are displayed
elsewhere, or if a temperature monitoring device is
fitted in the fuel storage room/storage bin (in line
with TRVB H 118).
Heating test
Start the boiler and press the [ ] button for 5
seconds to switch to emissions measuring mode; this
transfers the heat to the hot water tank and heating
circuits for safe consumption. A residual oxygen
value of 7 to 10% should be achieved within 10
minutes. Irregularities in the fuel may cause this to
take longer than 10 minutes. If the residual oxygen
value does not drop below 12%, your boiler is drawing leakage air. Troubleshoot the cause (boiler door
or heat exchanger lid not air-tight, Lambda sensor
probe seating ...) and repair.
Cleaning of cover panels and operating panel
The boiler cover panels and the operating panel
should be wiped off with a moist cloth and (if
necessary) a standard household cleaning agent (no
scouring agent).
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
2008-01
21
Professional maintenance
Arrange professional maintenance when prompted
by the control unit or at least every 3 years
(after 6,000 to 9,000 working hours in 6 month
summer season)
In Germany the inspection and servicing of heating
systems is prescribed by EnEV (Energy Conservation
Ordinance). Maintenance should be performed by
an authorised plumber, or by our customer service department, both of whom have full access to
information detailing the components that require
special testing.
Check the rotary valve blade for notches. If it is
already very notchy, replace.
Oil the drive chains of the fuel feed and the ash
screw with oil spray (use copper grease if oil
spray is not available) through the lubrication
apertures (rubber caps ). If necessary, tension
the fuel feed drive chain ensuring that the chain
can be displaced by 1-2 cm by pushing without
applying force.
Check the automatic de-ashing process.
Check the fire-bed level sensor (overfill safeguard)
in the combustion chamber for ease of movement, and also make sure the limit switch below
the bottom cover behind the insulating door is
set correctly and is actuated by the lever.
Test heating
Press the [ ] button for 5 seconds to switch the
boiler to emissions measuring mode; this transfers the heat to the hot water tank and heating
circuits for safe consumption.
Check the Lambda probe by performing an emission
measurement.If this is impossible, check the
Lambda signal while the heat-exchanger lid is
open (fresh air).
A residual oxygen value of 7 to 10% should be
achieved within 10 minutes of heating. Irregularities in the fuel may cause this to take longer
than 10 minutes. If the residual oxygen value
does not drop below 12%, your boiler is drawing
leakage air. Troubleshoot the cause (boiler door
or heat exchanger lid not air-tight , Lambda
probe seating ...) and repair.
Check the function of the boiler and heating control systems.
Check the safety thermostat (ST) for functionality.
Reset the „Maintenance“ counter in the „COUNTERS“ menu by pressing the [ ] button twice.
Are the secondary air vents in the refractory lining
clean?
Fire-proof refractory lining okay?
Check that the tilting grate closes fully.
Remove the draught fan and clean the blade wheel
with a brush. Make sure you do not dislodge or
dislocate any balancing weights.
Check the safety switch at the drop shaft and on
the rotary valve maintenance lid.
Check the position sensor of the ash bin.
Check the seals on the combustion chamber door
and the ash bin, replace if necessary.
Remove the lid on the heat-exchanger:
Check the turbulators for tarring. If you cannot
perform an emission measurement, calibrate
the lambdasignal: Open the heat-exchanger lid,
switch on the heating of the lambda probe and
go to CHIP.BOIL --> Residual O2 --> Probe -->
Lam. sig.corr. After 15 minutes check the value for
„Lam. sig. corr.“. It must be -10mV.
22
subject to change without prior notice
Approval, lime, corrosion, frost
Approval
Every heating system must be approved!
In Austria the mayor’s or municipal office must be
notified of installation and conversion;
In Germany the district chimney sweep or the building authority must be notified.
Operation only by trained people
The system may only be operated by people who
have been properly trained The training may be
performed by the plumber, heating engineer or
our customer service. Please read the User Manual
carefully in order to avoid errors in the operation
and maintenance of the boiler.
Keep children out of the boiler room and fuel
store!
Children must be kept out of the boiler room or
the fuel store! It is especially dangerous in the fuel
store because of the hollow heap forming above the
agitator. Children playing with the heap of woodchips, but also careless adults, can break through
and become trapped, or be dragged in by the screw
feed.
For heating systems with an accumulator
First-time: Fill with decalcified water and supply
sufficient stopcocks
ÖNORM H 5195-1 “Prevention of damage by corrosion
and scale formation in closed warm-water-heating
systems at operating temperatures of up to 100°C”
and VDI 2035 “Guidelines for the prevention of
damage by corrosion and scale formation in warm
water heating systems” require decalcified water for
heating systems with larger water volumes.
For woodchip boilers 20 to 90 kW at least the value
of 20,000 lt °dH for system volumes (in litres), multiplied by the hardness (in German degrees of hardness ) should not be exceeded. For larger boilers 130
to 200 kW the threshold is 30,000 lt °dH.
For a system volume of 500 litres (boiler and heating
elements) with very hard water of 30°dH results in
a value of 15,000 lt°dH. In this case you can fill the
system with unsoftened water.
A heating system with, for example, a 2,000 lt accumulator results in a system volume of 2,500 litres.
Even if the filling water is not too hard, 15°dH for
example, a value of 37,500 lt°dH is reached – this is
too much. The filling water must be decalcified to
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
8°dH for a volume of 2,500 litres (20,000 divided by
2,500).
One cubic metre of water at 15°dH contains approx.
0.25 kg of boiler scale. On half a square metre of
boiler heat exchanger wall (scaling concentrates on
this small surface area) it would form a 0.2mm thick
boiler scale crust. This does not sound very serious,
but with 2 m³ accumulator and 1 m³ system volume
this would mean a thickness of 0.6 mm. With
thicker layers, the flow of heat through the boiler
wall is already so restricted that the boiler wall is no
longer adequately cooled and cracks may occur due
to thermal stress.
In practical terms this means that the boiler will
survive one filling t with water that has not been
decalcified, assuming there is no need to repair the
heating system and that there are no leaks during
its service lifetime (defective bleeders or safety valve
failing to close) forcing you to top the system up
with water.
To make sure you have a sufficient safety margin for
topping up, you must fill up the new system with
decalcified water. Make sure you fill the system
entirely with decalcified water before first boiler
commissioning. It is too late to change this after you
have used the boiler as the scales from the nondecalcified filling will already have spread through
the boiler.
To reduce the need to change the water in case
of repairs to the system at a later time, your ETA
heating system has the ability to shut off all large
volume components, such as accumulator, the
boiler and the heating circuits to avoid introducing
lime on topping up.
To keep corrosion to a minimum the pH value must
be set to between 8 and 9 using suitable inhibitors
(trisodium phosphate or caustic soda).
Frost protection
If a house with average insulation is left unheated
at low winter temperatures for longer than five
days, you will need some kind of active frost protection – at least a heating element in the accumulator
or check at least once a week for troublefree boiler
operation.
If the building is unoccupied for longer periods of
time in winter, you can add up to 30% anti-freeze
to the water. To compensate for the disadvantage of
lower heating capacity and greater flow resistance,
2008-01
23
Thermostat, Boiler Return , Temperature, ST, Safety Valve
you will typically need slightly higher flow temperatures.
Insulating the strap-on thermostat
If a pipe is not insulated in the vicinity of a temperature measuring point, the measured temperature
will be lower than the actual temperature. For this
reason it is important not to do without or skimp
the pipe insulation for boiler return line temperature
sensors or heating circuit flow sensors. In case of
uninsulated pipes, you need at least 20 mm of rock
wool as insulating material for 20 cm of the pipe
length to insulate the measuring point.
Return temperature rise control
Wood contains water. If the temperature in the
boiler is too low, water vapour from the smoke gas
will condensate on heat-exchanger surfaces. This
can lead to corrosion and a leaky heat-exchanger.
To prevent this, the water temperature at the boiler
inlet must be at least 60°C. At the return line temperatures are typically lower, return temperature rise
control is required – preferably with a mixing valve
that adds hot water to the boiler return line within
a controlled system.
An intelligent heating circuit control system provides protection against overheating the boiler
If the boiler is running at full power, and the remote
control is used to switch a large heating circuit, or
several heating circuits at the same time, from day to
night temperature, the boiler control unit can prevent more fuel being fed in, but it cannot extinguish
the burning wood in the combustion chamber.
Even if the air intake is shut off immediately, the
hot wood will continue to gasify. The wood gas tar
caused by the lack of air would clog the boiler and
chimney.
It is thus easier on the boiler, chimney and environment to burn down the wood left in the combustion
chamber in a controlled manner. The boiler water
temperature would continue to rise if no heating
output was used. To avoid excessive temperature,
all heating and boiler pumps are switched on when
the temperature reaches more than 90°C (factory
default) to dissipate the heat that occurs during a
controlled boiler shut down into the house.
This protection function is not available if the heating circuits are controlled by a control unit separate
from the boiler.
For a heating system without an accumulator a time
window on any day in the weekly program should
be set to „00:00-00:00 60°C“ in the hot water tank
menu to allow heat from the boiler to dissipate.
Automatic deactivation by the ST:
As an additional safety precaution against boiler overheating, the boiler is fitted with a safety
thermostat (ST) that switches off the exhaust gas fan
when the boiler temperature reaches 105°C (tolerance range 99°C to 105°C). When the boiler temperature has fallen below 70°C the ST can be deactivated. The deactivating button is set into a drill
hole in the door frame above the charging door. To
deactivate it, it must be pushed deep into the hole,
preferably with a match.
Safety valve (to be supplied by the plumber)
The heating system contractor must install a safety
valve with a maximum opening pressure of 3 bar
in the boiler flow line. Shut-off valves must not
be fitted between the boiler and the safety valve.
If solar energy or other sources of heat are fed to
the accumulator by means of a heat exchanger, the
accumulator must also be fitted with a safety valve
(max. 3 bar).
To be able to dissipate heat in case of emergency,
the safety valve must be fitted in the boiler flow
line. This is the only way to dissipate heat by blowing out hot water and steam.
The outflow must be routed via a clearly visible,
open channel (siphon funnel) to the canal for a
clear view of malfunctions, and above all to allow
valve closing failure to be detected. If there is no
canal connection available, the blow out side of
the valve must at least be routed through a pipe to
the ground to avoid danger to life and limb when
blowing out hot water or steam.
This prevents the boiler temperature from increasing
further and triggering the safety devices.
24
subject to change without prior notice
Drain Valve, Pressure Compensation, Ventilation, Aeration
thermal drain
valve
inspection valve
– remove handwheel
dirt trap
cold water supply
visible outlet to
channel
If the pressure difference between cold and hot
heating (accumulator fully loaded) is above 1.5 bar
for a single storey heating system, or more than 1 bar
for a three-storey heating system, the compensator
is too small and must be enlarged.
Thermal drain safety device
(to be supplied by the plumber)
The safety heat-exchanger fitted in the boiler must
be connected to the building‘s cold water supply via
a thermal drain valve (opening temperature 95°C)
to protect the boiler against overheating in case of
pump failure. The inlet must be fitted to the lower
connector on the safety heat-exchanger, the upper
connector acts as an outlet to the canal. To avoid
inadvertent shutting off of the inflow, remove the
lever on ball valves, or the hand wheel on valves
and use a piece of wire to hang it on the fitting in
question.
To be able to detect malfunctions visible routing of
the discharge flow is required. The water exiting the
system either reaches the canal via a siphon funnel,
or is at least routed through a pipe to the floor to
avoid danger of scalding if the valve is triggered.
If cold water is drawn from a well with a separate
pump, a thermal drain valve still must be fitted to
the wood gasification boiler. If you have a generously dimensioned air tank, water will still be
available in case of power failure. If the power supply is erratic, an air tank is required for the thermal
drain valve.
If you fail to install a sufficiently large compensator,
the system will take in air on cooling; this air will be
absorbed by the cold water and transported to the
boiler. The air escapes from the water again at the
point with the highest temperature. This is typically
inside the boiler. This inevitably leads to the boiler
wall rusting at the place where air escapes.
Ventilation
Automatic ventilation valves in the boiler inlet line
at the highest point in the distribution network,
and at the top of the accumulator not only mitigate
the danger of corrosion but also reduce the need to
bleed radiators.
Aeration and ventilation of the boiler room
A boiler requires air for combustion.
In Austria (ÖN H 5170) the legal aeration requirement
is 2.2 cm² per kW of boiler output, however, at least
200 cm² of free cross section, and the legal ventilation requirements for systems up to 100 kW boiler
output is at least 180 cm² free cross section, and an
additional 1 cm² for each additional kW.
In Germany (Muster-Feuerungsverordnung) the
legal minimum aeration requirement is 150 cm² for
up to 50 kW and as of 50 kW at least 150 cm² free
aeration and ventilation cross section + 2 cm² per
kW above 50 kW.
If air intake is via channels with a length of more
than 1 m calculations by a heating professional are
required.
Pressure compensation
A membrane compensator with a gross content of
approximately 10% of the system volume, or a constant pressure system must be fitted to the system‘s
return line between the boiler and the accumulator
(see the clause on voiding the warranty on page 4).
All shut-off elements in the path from the compensator to the boiler and in the path to the accumulator must be implemented either as capped valves
or the hand wheel or lever must be removed from
the element (and hung on the valve with a piece of
wire) to prevent inadvertent closing.
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
2008-01
25
Accumulator
Our heating circuit control system normally does
not need an accumulator
When the heating circuit control unit is integrated
in the boiler, and the hot water tank is big enough
to store the heat of the minimum boiler operating
time, an accumulator is not normally required in a
normal, solid brick building.
A controlled transition from the heating to the idle
phase is guaranteed. As long as gasifying wood
remains in the combustion chamber, the supply
of air will be maintained, and the residual heat
produced will be delivered to the heating circuits.
How does the control unit know if there is still
some wood left in the combustion chamber? This
is detected by reference to the temperature and the
residual oxygen content of the exhaust gas in the
combustion chamber.
A sufficiently large domestic hot water tank
To be able to use the woodchip boiler without an
accumulator in summer, the domestic hot water
tank must be large enough to be able to store the
heat from a full heating cycle.
Boiler Output
Stancby
Volume
Loading
Volume
Total VolumeHot Water
Tank
Cooling
Surface
up to 50 kW
up to 90 kW
up to 130 kW
up to 200 kW
150 lt
200 lt
300 lt
400 lt
350 lt
600 lt
800 lt
1.100 lt
500 lt
800 lt
1.100 lt
1.500 lt
2,5 m²
4 m²
5,5 m²
8 m²
In case of low heating requirements either install
an accumulator or set short heating times
A house with well insulated brick walls (not wooden constructions) is a perfect accumulator itself.
The excessive boiler output can be modified to the
house‘s heating requirement by restricting the heating times to three short time windows distributed
throughout the day.
If the heating requirements in the transitional
seasons autumn/spring are very low, because e.g.
only the bathroom is heated, again a restriction of
heating times is recommended.
the room temperature changes considerably during
the day, even if you do have floor heating, and an
accumulator will be necessary. Heat produced by
the boiler, which cannot be used in the house at
the time, can then be transferred to an accumulator.
When needed, i.e. while the boiler is not running,
this heat is then returned to the heating system.
When is an accumulator absolutely necessary
An accumulator is absolutely necessary, when the
domestic hot water tank is too small to store the
heat from the boiler‘s minimal cycle (see also the
table in the section „A sufficiently large domestic hot
water tank“ on this page) in summer.
An accumulator is absolutely necessary, when the
heating circuit control unit is external (separate)
from boiler control and the boiler thus does not
have access to the heating circuits for its minimal
cycle.
An accumulator is absolutely necessary if timers/
thermostats are installed.
An accumulator is absolutely necessary if the rated
heating requirement is below 70% of the boiler output in wooden houses with a low thermal storage
capacity.
An accumulator is absolutely necessary for hot
water requirement that is above the average or hot
water peaks, for example in hotels, large apartment
buildings, showers near sports centres. (a woodchip
boiler needs up to 20 minutes from idle to maximum output. An accumulator makes it possible to
bridge this gap).
An accumulator is absolutely necessary for air heating or single hot-air fans which are started without
allowing a boiler ramp-up time.
An accumulator is absolutely necessary when
integrating a solar collector with a low temperature
heating system.
Systems with an accumulator must be filled with
decalcified water!
See page 23.
For a wooden house with radiator heating, you
should consider installing an accumulator. Even
more so, when you do not even have the screed of a
floor heating system as storage. If the rated heating
requirement is less than 70% of the boiler output,
26
subject to change without prior notice
Miscanthus, Carpentry Waste in the Woodchip
Miscanthus in the woodchip boiler
Miscanthus needs a larger combustion chamber. This
is why the maximum possible output of the individual boiler sizes is 70% for miscanthus compared to
woodchips.
20 kW woodchip boiler - > 20 kW miscanthus
25 kW woodchip boiler - > 25 kW miscanthus
35 kW woodchip boiler - > 35 kW miscanthus
50 kW woodchip boiler - > 35 kW miscanthus
70 kW woodchip boiler - > 63 kW miscanthus
this makes a flue gas recirculation for miscanthus a
must for these boilers.
Very dry carpentry waste
achieves a very high combustion temperature.
Glue and coating can also shift the ash cindering
threshold downward. Both can cause cinder in the
combustion chamber. As an initial measure against
cinder, reduce the de-ashing times (see page 17).
If this does not lead to an improvement, you will
need to upgrade with a flue gas recirculation, which
is available as an optional accessory.
90 kW woodchip boiler - > 63 kW miscanthus
130 kW woodchip boiler - > 95 kW miscanthus
200 kW woodchip boiler - > 140 kW miscanthus
Miscanthus ash starts to cinder at around 860° and
thus at a much lower temperature than wood ash.
To avoid cinder in the combustion chamber, lower
firing temperatures are required for miscanthus than
for wood. This can be achieved by using a flue gas
recirculation.
A flue gas recirculation (from the exit point of the
boiler to the combustion chamber) increases the gas
flow through the grate and the fire and thus cools
the grate is more effectively. Distributing the heat
from the fire to a larger gas volume helps to create
a narrower and more stable temperature range.
The temperature range remains reliably over 700°C
for complete, clean combustion and reliably below
860°C – far below the cindering point of miscanthus
ashes. For wood pellets less oxygen (less air) is used
to achieve a higher temperature range between 750°
and 950 °C.
Less „fire“ in a combustion chamber of the same size
also leads to lower combustion temperatures and
reduces the danger of cinder. Chaffed miscanthus
(but not pellets) can thus be used as fuel in the
„oversized“ combustion chambers of the 20 and 25
kW boilers without a flue gas recirculation. To allow
this, set the general parameter „Fuel“ in the „CHIP.
BOIL“ menu to „Bulk miscanthus“ and then correct
the „flue gas rec.“ setting to „NO“. Again note that
soiled miscanthus can necessitate a flue gas recirculation despite a smaller combustion chamber load.
Theoretically, larger boilers (as of 35 kW nominal
output) could be adapted for using miscanthus by
restricting their output, but under normal circumstances you will need the higher performance and
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
2008-01
27
Moist Fuel
Rotting and mould
Up to a moisture content of approx. 25% the water is
bound in the wood fibres. Water above 25% lodges
in empty spaces and capillaries between the fibre
cells. This unbound water is habitat, and above all
a perfect breeding ground for microbes and fungi,
which can enter the tree through anomalies in the
wood and particularly easily through cuts or breaks.
These microbes convert cellulose and lignin into
their basic components carbon dioxide and water.
The wood rots, and becomes hollow and soft,
totally compromising the heat value in some cases.
When a tree is felled, a race between drying and
rotting starts. As the water content drops, the
conditions become harder for the microbes until
they finally die off at a moisture content of less than
25%. The faster the drying process, the more heating
value the wood retains.
In the case of thin branches, microbes have a very
large attack surface compared to the volume of
the wood. No matter how neatly you stack the
branches, heating value losses of more than 25%
are typical (even more in wet weather). This is why
forestry workers do not collect branches of below 3
to 5 cm, but leaves them as fertiliser for the forest.
It is easy to identify moist or dry wood
Although experts who handle woodchips every
day require a furnace test to ascertain the exact
moisture content, there is still a very simple way to
tell moist and dry woodchips apart. Woodchips that
feel dry to the touch will have a moisture content of
less than 25% and can thus be stored without any
problem. If the woodchips feel wet, the moisture
content will definitely be above 35%.
If the woodchips are dark brown, light and flaky,
you have rotten wood which has already lost most
of its fuel value. This kind of „compost“ will cause
all kinds of trouble, but it won‘t give you good
boiler performance.
Do not store green woodchips without ventilation
Woodchips with a maximum moisture content of up
to 30% can be stored in a concrete cellar without
ventilation.
If you intend to use green woodchips from a
sawmill, never store the woodchips in unventilated
bunkers for more than three weeks. An aeration
aperture and an extractor fan can evacuate the
water vapour that escapes and at least keep mould
down.
28
Woodchips
Woodchips - Quality Charts
The „dream“ woodchip would be a finely chopped (G30) hard
wood without bark and with low dust content and a water
content of less than 20%. It has maximum fuel value, occupies
the least storage space and is the perfect fuel for any boiler.
Fine woodchips (G30 or smaller) can be made of dry wood,
thus achieving a higher storage density.
Woodchips with a moisture content below 30% can be
stored.
Woodchips from a sawmill with a water content of 40%
and rough composition are still useful if they are used
within a short time or stored in a well ventilated place.
The boiler performance is not greatly impacted due to the
hot, refractory-lined combustion chamber.
Wood that has been stored for an extended period (10
years) will have lost about 10% of its fuel value.
Woodchips composed of dry branches and bush cuttings
have a higher bark content and a high percentage of fine
sawdust, soiling and rotted material. This causes more
ash. If the wood used to make the chips was dry, storage
problems are unlikely, and the boiler performance impact
will be bearable.
Forestry woodchips composed of green branches cannot
be stored and will considerably impact the maximum boiler
performance.
Wood that has been stored in moist conditions for an
extended period (10 years) will have lost about 50% of
its fuel value. Woodchips made of this kind of wood will
considerably impact the boiler performance.
The final product of moist wood is compost, which can be
disposed of in a garbage incinerator but not in a normal
boiler. Bear in mind to store in a well-ventilated place.
The higher the wood water content, the rougher the cut
has to be. Never store more than a year‘s requirement of
woodchips (logs are easier to store and can be more tightly
packed).
Be extremely cautious when offered woodchips composed
of waste wood at a low price, they may contain a high
percentage of rotten material or foreign bodies (nails,
pesticides, sand, stones).
Store green woodchips in an open shed
Due to the rotting process, green woodchips develop
heat which drives out the water. Wet deposits
collect on the surface and you may see water vapour
rising. If you expose the pile to wind, it can blow
off the excess water, thus allowing roughly chopped
woodchips to dry and keeping rot and fungi down
to acceptable levels.
The perfect solution is a shed roof well away from
living and working accommodation that keeps off
subject to change without prior notice
Woodchips
Drying, Harvesting and Chopping
drying time is between 4 and 8 months. A moisture
content of less than 20% can be achieved.
the rain, but lets the wind do its work. At least one
side wall of the shed should be fully open. Additionally ventilation apertures in all the other walls
improve storage conditions.
Artificial ventilation
Despite a number of pilot projects with solar power,
drying with hot air – which is typically blown in
through ducts in the floor of the storage bunker – is
not really economical. The cost of power for drying is
often higher than the fuel value gained.
Roughly chopped woodchips with a low fine
material content dry quickest
Roughly chopped woodchips (make sure you use
sharp cutter blades !!!) dry faster and lose less substance due to their superior permeability to air. Best
practices indicate dump heights of between 4 and 6
m. This height is also safe with regard to self-ignition, which occurs as of approx. 8 m dump height.
Dry wood before chopping; fell in winter and
chop in summer.
Very moist material, green material (leaves and
needles), bark, a high fine particle content (characteristics that are inevitable for bush cuttings and
delimbing material) are not very permeable to air
and very active biologically even if chopped roughly.
Despite a higher level of self-warming, the drying
process is slower due to lack of air permeation and
the loss of substance is thus drastically higher.
It is much easier to dry wood before chopping.
Intermediate storage before chopping in summer
reduces the moisture content to below 30% and
makes for easy storage.
Whether you dry whole trees, or trunks and
branches separately, depends very much on the
accessibility of the forest and on the harvesting
methods. A few tips for orientation:
Dry like hay on a solid surface
Moist woodchips for your own use can best be
spread out in a layer of about 10cm on a tarmac
or concrete surface on a hot summer‘s day. Good
results are typically obtained on fine, sunny days
in autumn after turning the woodchips multiple
times. Typically a moisture content of less than 30%
is achieved after just two days and the woodchips
can be stored in unfavourable conditions if they are
this dry.
Airy piles, trunks with broken bark, or whole trees
dry more quickly and easily. The sun helps the
drying process, but wind is absolutely essential.
Softwood should be felled in December at the latest,
and stored at least 50 m from the forest due to the
danger of pests.
If first thinning of softwood takes place in September, the wood will not attract beetles in spring. You
can leave it in the forest without delimbing and
chop the whole trees in summer.
Drying in a skeleton box with roof
If you are thinking of building a new woodchip
store, a roofed skeleton box is a good choice as it
allows green woodchips to dry in the air. A windy
location is important. The store should also face
south to improve the drying process even in winter.
The container height depends on the height of the
front-end loader required for filling. The lower wall
element must be removable so that you can unload
the woodchips. The depth can be up to 2 m. The
70%
moisture
60%
Leave green branches in the forest as fertiliser
Leave green branches and tips in the forest; they
have no fuel value. However, they should stay in
the forest as useful nutrients.
Lumber in winter and shred in summer
lumber
spruce
50%
40%
willo
w
30%
haze
l
beech
fit for storage below 30% moisture
shred
20%
Dec
Jan
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
2008-01
Nov
29
Assessing Quality
Woodchips
General quality requirements for woodchips
Criteria
Grade
Dustcontent
Dust does not burn as well and is often indicative of rotten or soiled woodchips; for this reason, ÖNORM M 7133
„Woodchips for energy purposes“ defines maximum dust content of 4%.
Large pieces
The fuel contains large pieces of up to 12 cm length. The blade in the rotary valve will cut single large strips. The
bulk of the woodchips, yet, should be no longer than 5 cm to avoid fuel feeder blocking.
Dirt
Soil and sand cause the grate to cinder, and necessitate more cleaning.
Green Leaves A layer of woodchips composed of green twigs with leaves or needles in the woodchip dump can cause a
Green Needles barrier that causes rising moisture to condense and thus leads to rotting and mould.
Although nails and smaller stones will not bring the boiler to a standstill, foreign bodies in the woodchips should be
Metal
avoided as they cause more wear and tear on the fuel feeder.
Stones
Assessing woodchip quality when buying by per cubic meter (bulk volume)
Criteria
Grade
Moisture
Content
The lower the moisture content, the higher the fuel value. Additionally, the wood
shrinks at below 25% moisture content; for this reason, a cubic metre of W20
contains approx. 3% more wood than a cubic metre of W30.
For compliance with ÖNORM M 7133 the moisture content is given as a percentage of
the total weight (see „Assessing moisture content“ on page 33).
Woodchips can be easily stored up to a moisture content of 30%. As of 35%
the woodchips will start to mould and rot in case of extended storage (loss of
fuel value).
Storage
Impact on Fuel Value
Chipsize
The finer the material is chopped, the more material a cubic metre contains.
The size classification in line with ÖNORM M 7133 specifies the average length of a
piece in mm (see „woodchip standard size classes“ on page 32).
Woodtype
Hardwood is more dense and heavy and thus
has a higher fuel value per cubic metre.
Bark Content
The lighter the woodchips are, the less bark they contain. Woodchips from thin
branches, or „woodchips with bark“ from sawmills have a high bark content with
high ash content and typically also heavier soiling. This means more cleaning.
Woodchips composed of fine branches are typically also more prone to rot.
High bark content means a higher ash content and thus more cleaning. .
Hornbeam, Robinia
Copper beech
Oak, Ash
Birch, Maple
+53%
+44%
+40%
+25%
W20 (<20%)
W30 (20-30%)
W35 (30-35%)
+6%
0%
-2,5%
W40 (35-40%)
W50 (40-50%)
-4%
-7%
(G20)
G30
G50
+10%
0%
-16%
Pine, Larch
Spruce, Alder
Fir, Willow
Poplar
+19%
0%
-6%
-19%
no bark
10% bark
30% bark
+5%
0%
-10%
fine branches
appr.-25%
Assessing quality when buying per kilogram
Criteria
Grade
Moisture
content
The lower the moisture content, the higher the fuel value.
For compliance with ÖNORM M 7133 the moisture content is given as a
percentage of the total weight (see „Assessing moisture content“ on page 33).
Storage
impact on fuel value
W20 (<20%)
W30 (20-30%)
W35 (30-35%)
Woodchips can be easily stored up to a moisture content of 30%. As of 35%
W40 (35-40%)
the woodchips will start to mould and rot in case of extended storage (loss of W50 (40-50%)
fuel value).
Chipsize
The chip size has no influence on the fuel value per kilogram..
Wood type
Heavy hardwood has a 5% lower fuel value than softwood when dry, and 6% less
when green; light hardwood has a 6% lower fuel value when dry, and 7 % when
green.
Bark Content
Bark content has virtually no influence on the fuel value per kilogram, however, a
high bark content means a higher ash content and thus more cleaning.
30
Softwood
Hardwood
+12%
0%
-12%
-20%
-32%
0%
-5 bis -7%
subject to change without prior notice
Woodchips
Other Fuels
Fuel Value
Other fuels
Pellets
Pellets have a higher fuel density and thus necessitate a flue gas recirculation (available as an optional extra). Pellets
are always sold by weight; the fuel value of hardwood pellets (4.60 kWh/kg) is about 6% less than that of softwood
pellets (4.9 kWh/kg).
Miscanthus
The fuel value is the same as air-dry softwood; buy by weight if possible. As the ash cinder threshold is very low, you
will need a flue gas recirculation to prevent cinder (available on option) (see page 27). To keep boiler corrosion to a
minimum, pay attention to non-chlorinated fertilizers (potassium sulphate instead of potassium chloride). No matter
whether chaffed or pelletised, miscanthus needs a very large combustion chamber; for this reason, the 35/50 range
achieves a maximum heating output of 35 kW, the 70/90 range achieves max. 63 kW, the 130 range max. 95 kW, and
the 200 range max. 140 kW.
Old Holz
Wood stored in a dry place loses only the volatile components (approx. 10% of its fuel value). Wood stored in damp
conditions will rot (cold oxidation process) entirely compromising its fuel value
Planing chips
The heating value per cubic metre varies greatly and is about 30 to 60% lower than G30-W30 woodchips of the
same wood. As woodchips are typically air-dry (15 to 20% moisture content), buy by weight if possible. Planing
chips of some hardwood types will cause excessive wear and tear on the refractory-lining in the combustion
chamber. Using planing chips, you will not be able to achieve the full nominal boiler output.
Sawdust
The fuel value per cubic meter (bulk volume) is between 25 and 50% lower than G30-W30 woodchips of the
same wood. It is best to buy sawdust by weight after measuring the moisture content. The boiler described here
is not designed for use with sawdust only. You can expect a drastic performance cut and more cleaning.
Chipboard
From a technological point of view, the boiler is suitable for burning chipboard waste, if fitted with an optional
flue gas recirculation, assuming that this waste is free of formaldehyde, pesticides and not PVC coated. Despite
this, you will need individual approval from the authorities, and this is typically only granted to wood-working
enterprises.
Waste wood
Use only wood that is free of halogens and pesticides for heating purposes. The percentage of rotten wood
is typically high, and the fuel value thus low; this type of wood is often contaminated with dust, metal and
stones.
Piled meters (pm)
Bulk volume (bm)r
Bulk volume (bm)r
Round logs
Woodchips
G30
Woodchips G50
Split logs 1 m
1m
calorific value calorific value calorific value
Weight
calorific value
Weight
calorific value
Moisture % w=15% w=30% w=15% w=30% w=15% w=30% w=15% w=30% w=15% w=30% w=15% w=30% w=15% w=30%
Unit
kWh/kg kWh/kg kg/pm kg/pm kWh/pm kWh/pm kg/bm kg/bm kWh/bm kWh/bm kg/bm kg/bm kWh/bm kWh/bm
0,65 sm per pm 0,56 sm per pm
1 bm contains 0,40 sm
1 pm enthält 0,33 sm
Softwood
1.270 1.170 1.100
1.010
780
720
650
600
4,40
3,51
178
205
148
171
Fir
850
780
710
650
4,49
3,58 1.380 1.260 1.190 1.090
189
218
157
181
Spruce
1.170
910
840
760
700
4,43
3,53 1.480 1.360 1.280
206
237
172
198
Douglas fir
830
770
4,32
3,44 1.630 1.490 1.400 1.290
232
267 1.000 920
193
223
Pine
1.310
1.020 930
850
780
4,27
3,39 1.660 1.520 1.430
239
275
199
229
Larch
0,59
fm
je
rm
0,50
fm
je
rm
1
srm
enthält
0,40
fm
1
rm
enthält
0,33
fm
Hardwood
870
790
690
630
580
530
3,99
3,16 1.020 930
174
200
145
167
Poplar
930
810
740
680
620
3,76
2,97 1.200 1.100 1.020
217
250
181
208
Willow
1.270
1.160
1.080
990
860
790
720
660
4,06
3,23
212
245
177
204
Alder
1.550 1.420 1.310
1.200
880
800
4,04
3,21
260
300 1.050 960
217
250
Maple
1.210
890
810
4,01
3,18 1.570 1.430 1.330
265
305 1.060 970
221
254
Birch
1.190 1.090 242
990
910
279
4,10
3,25 1.760 1.610 1.490 1.360
291
335
Ash
1.190 1.090 242
990
910
4,10
3,25 1.760 1.610 1.490 1.360
291
335
279
Oak
1.220 1.110
1.020 930
3,28 1.800 1.640 1.520 1.390
295
340
246
283
Copperbeech 4,13
4,06
3,23 1.920 1.760 1.630 1.490
321
369 1.300 1.190
267
308 1.090 990
Hornbeam
1.920 1.760 1.630 1.490 317
1.300 1.190 264
1.090 990
4,11
3,27
365
304
Robinia
based on
weight
Conversion factors from solid meters (sm) to piled meters (pm) and bulk volume (bm) acc. A. Höldrich, H. Hartmann, M. Schardt (2006): „Rationelle Scheitholzbereitstellungsverfahren“ (rational
approaches split wood preparation) Report 11 TFZ Straubing Hackgut Andere Brennstoffe Heizwert
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
2008-01
31
Standard Size Classes
Waste Wood Classes
Woodchips
Woodchips G30
according to ÖNORM M 7133
- 60 to 100% main component
- Diameter between 2,8 and 16 mm
- maximum length (nominal
length) 30 mm
- maximum fine particle content 20%
- diameter below 2,8 mm
- of which max. 4% fine particle
content
- diameter below 1 mm
- max. large particle content 20%
- max. diameter 3 cm²
- max. length 8,5 cm
Woodchips G50
according to ÖNORM M 7133
- 60 to 100% main component
- Diameter between 5,6 and 31,5 mm - maximum fine particle content 20%
- max. length (nominal length) 50 mm - diameter below 2,8 mm
- of which max. 4% fine particle content
- diameter below 1 mm
- max. large particle content 20%
- max. diameter 3 cm²
- max. length 8,5 cm
Size classes according to ÖNORM M 7133
max. Diameter
cm²
3
5
10
max. length
cm
8,5
12
25
mm
16
31,5
63
main component Medium mesh mm
60 to 100%
nominal width
2,8
5,6
11,2
1
1
1
large particle
content
max. 20%
Fine component
max. 20 %
Waste wood class A1 to A4 (Germany)
G 30 G 50 G 100
fine medium large
Wide mesh nominal width
Fine mesh nominal width
mm
Finest particles (dust) contained in fine content max 4%
Size classes according to prCEN TS 14961
Large fraction max 1%
mm
Main fraction min 80% mm
Fine fraction max 5%
mm
P16
P45
P63
P100
>45
>63
>100
>200
3 - 16 3 - 45
3 - 63
3 - 100
<1
<1
<1
<1
A1
In the boilers described here, up to maximum P63
Total mass
100%
untreated wood without non-wood content.
Can be used for heating without restrictions.
When A1 waste wood is sold, it may be wood with dry rot
that has no fuel value: for this reason you should buy scrap
wood by weight only and with a limited water content of
20 or max. 30%.
A2
glued, painted, coated, lacquered waste wood
without halogens or pesticides.
Can be used for heating in wood working companies (in
Germany as of 50 kW as fuel Cl.7 in line with BImSchV)
A3
waste wood with halogen-organic compounds
in the coating, without pesticides.
Can be used for heating by wood working companies
with a suitable and approved boiler.
A4
waste wood with pesticide treatment.
Thermal treatment in hazardous waste disposal plants.
32
subject to change without prior notice
Woodchips
Moisture Content
-51,2% -58,3%
-47,8% -55,4%
-44,4% -52,5%
-40,9% -49,6%
-37,5% -46,6%
-34,1% -43,7%
-30,7% -40,8%
-27,3% -37,9%
-23,9% -35,0%
-20,5% -32,1%
-17,1% -29,1%
-13,6% -26,2%
-10,2% -23,3%
-6,8% -20,4%
-3,4% -17,5%
0,0% -14,6%
3,4% -11,7%
6,8% -8,7%
10,2% -5,8%
13,6% -2,9%
17,1% 0,0%
20,5% 2,9%
23,9% 5,8%
27,3% 8,7%
30,7% 11,7%
34,1% 14,6%
37,5% 17,5%
40,9% 20,4%
44,4% 23,3%
47,8% 26,2%
51,2% 29,1%
1,71
1,82
1,94
2,06
2,18
2,30
2,42
2,54
2,66
2,78
2,90
3,02
3,14
3,25
3,37
3,49
3,61
3,73
3,85
3,97
4,09
4,21
4,33
4,45
4,57
4,68
4,80
4,92
5,04
5,16
5,28
60%
58%
56%
54%
52%
50%
48%
46%
44%
42%
40%
38%
36%
34%
32%
30%
28%
26%
24%
22%
20%
18%
16%
14%
12%
10%
8%
6%
4%
2%
0%
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
1,59
1,71
1,82
1,93
2,05
2,16
2,27
2,39
2,50
2,62
2,73
2,84
2,96
3,07
3,18
3,30
3,41
3,52
3,64
3,75
3,86
3,98
4,09
4,21
4,32
4,43
4,55
4,66
4,77
4,89
5,00
Surcharges and discounts
at 20% moisture content
Surcharges and discounts
at 30% moisture content
Hardwood
Fuel value
in kWh / kg
Fuel value
in kWh / kg
Surcharges and discounts
at 20% moisture content
Surcharges and discounts
at 30% moisture content
Softwood
Moistrue content in % of total
mas
Price corrections based on moisture content
Price corrections based on the moisture content are
necessary to be able to buy and sell woodchips by
weight.
It is typical to agree a basic price for 30 or 20% moisture
content and to adjust the kilogram price for a delivery
based on the moisture content measurement by
deducting a percentage of the price for a greater moisture
content or adding a percentage for a lower moisture
content.
-51,7% -58,8%
-48,2% -55,8%
-44,8% -52,9%
-41,3% -50,0%
-37,9% -47,0%
-34,5% -44,1%
-31,0% -41,1%
-27,6% -38,2%
-24,1% -35,3%
-20,7% -32,3%
-17,2% -29,4%
-13,8% -26,4%
-10,3% -23,5%
-6,9% -20,6%
-3,4% -17,6%
0,0% -14,7%
3,4% -11,8%
6,9% -8,8%
10,3% -5,9%
13,8% -2,9%
17,2% 0,0%
20,7% 2,9%
24,1% 5,9%
27,6% 8,8%
31,0% 11,8%
34,5% 14,7%
37,9% 17,6%
41,3% 20,6%
44,8% 23,5%
48,2% 26,4%
51,7% 29,4%
Oven method of ascertaining moisture content
One kilogram of woodchips is spread over an oven tray
and dried in the oven for 6 to 12 hours at a temperature of
101 to 104°C. To make sure that the temperature is above
100° C in a normal electric oven, you can set the temperature to 110°C, but no more: a slight raise in temperature
will cause the wood to start gasifying. Fine and very wet
chips need to be turned several times. The difference in
weight between the wet and dry samples corresponds to
the moisture content.
Longer intermediate storage of the sample can falsify the
results of the moisture content test.
Take samples after transportation
The upper layers of a woodchip dump contain 10% to
30% more moisture than the core. Loading and unloading
in the course of transportation mixes the material. If you
take a sample of about 1 litre at 5 different places which
are at least 20 cm below the surface (but never on the
surface) from each batch you should have a good average.
Taking a test sample from the total sample
Multiple loads will yield more than 1 kg of sample material. To reduce the amount, mix the material by shoveling
onto a new heap taking care to empty the shove above
the top of the heap, thus allowing the material to spread
over the full surface of the heap. Then flatten the tip
and take two opposite quarters from the heap. Repeat
the mixing and removing process until you have two test
samples of 1 kg each. 1 kg for the buyer, who will typically
ascertain the water content using an oven, and 1 kg for
the seller as a counter-sample. The volume of one kilo is
approx. 3 litres for moist, heavy woodchips and up to 5
litres for very dry, light material.
Moisture content and humidity
The moisture content has established itself as the typical
criterion for fuel wood, whereas lumber traders will typically state the humidity of the wood.
moisture in wood [kg]
moisture content [%] = _______________________ x 100
Total mass of wood[kg]
0,25 kg
moisture content [%] = ____________ x 100 = 25%
1,0 kg
humidity [%]
Feuchte [%]
=
=
moisture in wood [kg]
_______________________
x 100
dry mass of wood [kg]
0,25 kg
____________
x 100 = 33,3%
0,75 kg
Converting humidity to moisture content
Humidity [%]
Moisture content[%] = _________________ x 100
100% + humidity [%]
2008-01
33
Control panel
Setup
1
8
7
2
9
08:25:14
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL swit.off
HWT
LOADING
3
10
13
4
5
15
12
16
11
14
6
1
Mains switch
2 Heating pump 1
Status LED (green = operational)
3 Heating pump 2
Status LED (green = operational)
4 Boiler pump
Status LED (green = operational)
5 Accumulator pump
Status LED (green = operational)
6 exhaust fan
Status LED (green = operational)
7 Display
8 Status-LED
green = operational, red = malfunction
9 [INFO] key for help texts, explains setup and display
values, provides help for troubleshooting and error
messages.
At SERVICE permission level, press the [INFO] key twice
to display the connection points (plugs) for the
inputs and outputs, and to allow you to move the
standard assignment to other pins.
34
10 [De-ashing]-key for the manual start of ashremoval.
11 [I/O]-key for start of manual operations.
After remedying an error, press this key to restart
boiler operation. The green LED on this key is lit if
the boiler is in firing mode or ready to operate.The
LED goes out, when the boiler is switched off or if
an error exists.
12 [Yes]-key: Entering sub menues,
Confirm/save input values
Acknowledge error messages
13 [Up]-key: Cursor up, increase values.
14 [Down]-key: Cursor down, decrease values.
15 [Back]-key: Back to parent menu or
quit without saving.
16 [Modify ]-key: release setting for modification,
Press twice to return to factory defaults.
Measuring emissions
Keep the [ ] key (11) pressed (for about 5 seconds)
until “Emission measurement length 30 min.”
appears on the display (LED in the [ ] key flashes).
The boiler will revert to normal operations if the
[ ] key is pressed again or automatically after 30
minutes.
Observe the instructions on page 5 for performing
emission measurements.
subject to change without prior notice
Setup
Entering Submenues and Changing Values
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL swit.off
HWT
LOADED
CHIP.BOIL swit.off
HWT
LOADED
MC 0
On Day
CONVEYOR
Off
Mode
AUTO
HEATING TIMES 0
Room Temp. 1
21º
HEATINGCURVE
37º
2x
Accessing and exiting submenus
1. Press the [▼] or the [▲]buttons
to select the desired line,
A solid black cursor
indicates a submenu.
An outlined cursor
indicates that there is no submenu.
2. Press the [ ] key to select the submenu.
3. Press the [ ] key to exit a submenu.
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL swit.off
LOADED
HWT
For this manual the following applies:
white display = main menu
gray display = sub menu
Pressing the [ ] button repeatedly always
takes you back to the main menu. From the
main menu press [ ] once to enter the
Temperature display.
01:09:22
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL swit.off
HWT
LOADING
Fuel
Wood chip
Flue gas rec.
NO
Ash-Disposal
AUTO
Boiler
0º
Fuel
Wood chip
Flue gas rec.
NO
Ash-Disposal
AUTO
Boiler
0º
Fuel
Wood pell
Flue gas rec.
NO
Ash-Disposal
AUTO
Boiler
0º
Fuel
Wood pell
Flue gas rec.
YES
Ash-Disposal
AUTO
Boiler
0º
01:09:22
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL swit.off
HWT
LOADING
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
Changing Settings (parameters)
Using the general parameter “Fuel“, for example, all fueldependent values can be modified.
In the main menu (repeatedly [ ]),
use the [▼] to scroll down to line CHIP.BOIL ,
press [ ] to enter the submenu,
1. Press the [ ] to release for modifications.
The cursor changes to a questionmark and the
value starts flashing.
2. Use the [▼] or [▲] keys to alter the parameter.
(For settings where a factory default is available,
press the [ ] button twice to return to factory default; this is not the case for the „Fuel“ parameter)
3. Press the [ ] key to save modifications,
the cursor changes back to its initial shape, the
arrow cursor.
or
press the [ ] key to cancel without saving the
cursor changes back to its initial shape and the
old value is being displayed.
When you change the general parameter „Fuel“
from „Woodchips“ to „Wood Pellets“ the „Flue
gas rec.“ parameter automatically changes from
„No“ to „Yes“. (Of course, the optional flue gas
recirculation accessory must be fitted for orderly
operations).
2008-01
35
Permissions, Date, Time
Set up
Setting permissions
To change settings such as heating times, heating curves and hot water tank
charging, you need a permission level of at least CUSTOMER. You can set this in
the main menu.
First go back to the main menu by pressing the [ ] button multiple times.
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL swit.off
HWT
LOADED
-------
Su,17.09.06
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
Password
Press [▲] or [▼] to move the cursor to the Password line at the right of
the display. This should read CUSTOMER .
If not, press [ ] to change. The cursor changes to a question mark and four
zeros start flashing.
Password
Press [▲] to set to 0001 and then [ ] to save.
Password
The CUSTOMER permission level appears, where you can set heating
times, heating curves, room temperatures,the hot water tank charging, the
date, time and similar items without endangering the system configuration
specified by your heating professional.
If you delete the password by pressing OOOO , you can only view the operating status, but not change any values (child protection)
0000?
Su,17.09.06
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
0001?
Su,17.09.06
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CUSTOMER
Su,17.09.06
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
Password
Setting the date
In the main menu press [▼] or [▲] to move the arrow cursor to the date line,
and then press [ ] to change the setting. The weekday starts flashing.
Press [▼] to set the weekday and then [ ] to save.
Su,17.09.06?
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL swit.off
The day starts flashing. Press [▼] or [▲] to set the day and then [ ] to save.
Tu,17.09.06?
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL swit.off
The month starts flashing. Press [▼] or [▲] to set the month and then [ ] to
save.
Tu,17.09.06?
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL swit.off
The year starts flashing. Press [▼] or [▲] to set the year and then [ ] to save.
The question mark cursor turns back into an arrow, and the new date is saved.
Di,17.10.06?
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
HACK.KES Ausgesch.
Tu,17.10.06
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL swit.off
Setting the time
In the main menu press [▼] or [▲] to move the arrow cursor to the time line,
and then press [ ] to change the setting. The hour starts flashing. Press [▼]
or [▲] to set the hour and then [ ] to save. The minutes start flashing; set
and store, and then go on to set and store the seconds.
36
13:10:25?
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL swit.off
LOADED
ACC.TANK
subject to change without prior notice
Set up
Room Sensor with Remote Control (optional)
Night-Clock-Day
Use the operating mode switch (1) to toggle the following operating modes:
1
3
2
=NIGHT and/or night set-back (Temperature setting in
„MC .. -> Room ..“)
= AUTOmatic switchover between DAY and NIGHT (time
setting in „MC .. -> HEATING TIMES..“) “)
= DAY and or heating operations despite higher outside
temperatures,above the preset heating thresholds.
(Temperature setting in „MC .. -> Room ..“)
Disabling heating operations
In transitional periods you can set the operating mode switch
(1) to the
position to switch off the heating, and conversely
switch on via
or
Room temperature adjustment
You can use the setup button (2) to increase the desired room
temperature by up to 5°C, or reduce the value by up to 5°C.
4
The desired room temperature increase is subtracted from the
measured room temperature by the room unit, whereas a room
temperature decrease is added to the measured room temperature . Thus, the room temperature shown by the boiler controls only accurately reflects the room temperature if the room
temperature adjustment is set to middle position.
4
Display LED “Malfunction“
LED (3) flashing red = WARNING, ERROR or ALARM.
LED (3) shows red = add logs requested.
Adjusting the room sensor
7
Press down the handle (4) to open the cover; set temperature
adjustment (2) to middle position, use the potentiometers R13
(5) to adjust the measured room temperature. Use the temperature setup button (2) as a tool to adjust the temperature. The
room temperature is shown in the „TEMPERATURES“ menu as
„Room MC ..“.
2
6
5
Switching off the room sensor function
hot
2
cold
If the room sensor is disabled, the
heating pump is switched off in
this range!
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
If a room sensor is fitted in a room with an impairing factor
such as a tiled stove, or in a room such as the kitchen, it is
necessary to disable the room sensor function. If the room sensor is disabled, the temperature adjustment (2) value is applied
directly to the flow temperature and the heating circulation
pump is switched off at 3°C (factory default) temperature reduction at the adjustment button.
Press down the handle (4) to open the cover, and move the
jumper (6) from the left-hand position (sensor) to the right
„Fixed“. You need to set the parameters „PRESET Night“ and
„PRESET Day“ in „MC -> Room“ on the control unit to the same
value of 21°C. You may need to adjust the fixed temperature
value in the room unit to 21° C using potentiometer R14 (7).
2008-01
37
Changing from Winter to Summer Operations
Set up
Eíther use the controls to switch off the heating automatically:
The factory default for the control unit of heating systems with external
temperature sensor in „AUTO (timer)“ operations is to stop heating at outside
temperatures above 18°C in the daytime, and 7°C in the night time. Correct
the threshold temperatures in the MC .. menu -> Heat until
outdoor to set the automatic summertime heating systems switch off and
to adapt to your requirements (see section “Outdoor temperature dependent
heating threshold“ on page 40).
Outdoor Temp.
15º
Heat until outdoor
...at day
18º
...at night
7º
Or use the room sensor to switch off the heating in summer:
If a room sensor with remote control is installed, you can use
to switch
the heating off irrespective of the outside temperature driven heating threshold
and you can use
to switch it on (permanent operations even if the outside
temperature is above the heating threshold).
Or switch off manually at the control unit:
If you do not have a room sensor with remote control, and the room temperature is not influenced by short periods of cold weather as the building walls are
very thick, you can typically set each heating circuit in the „MC ..“ -> „Mode“
menu to .Off Summer. (see the following description).
Operating mode „Off Summer“ or „AUTO”
without room sensor/remote control „DAY“ and „NIGHT” settings
Press [ ] multiple times in the main menu, then press [▼] or [▲] to move the
arrow cursor to the right of the display to the MC .. line; then press [ ] to
confirm. A submenu starting with Mode appears. The following values may
be shown in this line:
for automatic heating operations controlled by the week timer.
You can use the remote control on the room sensor, or text-SMS,
to change this operating mode to DAY or NIGHT without this being
shown here. This setting also activates automatic, outside temperature driven summer switch-off.
.Off Summer switched off for heating operations
.JOURN for night time set-back up to end of preset holiday (see page 47..
.AUTO
If you do not have a room sensor with remote control, you can also set the following operating modes here
DAY for permanent heating to day temperatures and
NIGHT for night setback operations.
In our example, the current operating mode is MODE
AUTO . Press
[ ] to change.
The arrow at the right changes into a question mark and .AUTO.starts
flashing.
Press [▼] to set to .Off Summer and then [ ] to save. The question mark
cursor becomes an arrow, and .Off Summer is shown (non-flashing).
Press [ ] once to go back. Now you can see the MC .. line. The text should
now read .Off Summer , and the heating should switch off. If the MC ..
shows a different text, refer to page 39 of this User Manual to find out what the
display means.
38
Mode
Off Summer
HEATING TIMES 0
Room Temp. 0
21º
HEATINGCURVE
32º
13:10:25?
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL operating
ACC.TANK
LOADED
CHIP.BOIL operating
ACC.TANK
LOADED
MC 0
On Day
CONVEYOR
Off
Mode
AUTO
HEATING TIMES 0
Room Temp. 1
21º
HEATINGCURVE
32º
Mode
AUTO?
HEATING TIMES 0
Room Temp. 1
21º
HEATINGCURVE
32º
Mode
Off Summer
HEATING TIMES 0
Room Temp. 0
21º
HEATINGCURVE
32º
Mode
Off Summer
HEATING TIMES 0
Room Temp. 0
21º
HEATINGCURVE
10º
CHIP.BOIL Stand By
ACC.TANK
LOADED
MC 0
Off Summer
CONVEYOR
Off
subject to change without prior notice
Set up
Changing from Summer to Winter Operations
Using the room unit to change from summer to winter:
If you have installed room sensor, set the operating mode switch to
position. If a
GSM connector (mobile phone based remote control) is installed, set the operating mode
switch to another position for a short time, and then back to the desired operating mode
to delete the text remote command. Check if heating operations have been enabled using
the [ ] button on the boiler (green LED in the button must be lit).
You may need to correct automatic summer switch.
If .Off out>day. is displayed for the heating circuit, you may need to correct the
heating threshold for the automitic change between summer and winter (see section
„Outside temperature dependent heating thresholds“ on page 40)
For systems without a room sensor, switching via boiler controls:
If you do not have a room sensor, switch from .Off Summer. to .AUTO. in the
„MC (HP)“ -> „Mode“ menu (see also page 38).
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL Stand By
HWT
LOADED
CHIP.BOIL Stand By
HWT
LOADED
MC 0
Off Summer
CONVEYOR
Off
If your heating will still not start:
Firstly, press the [ ] button multiple times to go to the main menu, then press [▼] or
[▲] to access the heating circuits. These circuits are referred to as a MC (mixing circuit)
for short; even if without mixer but with pump. The mixing circuits are numbered „0“ or
„1“ boiler side, and „1“ through „4“ for heating circuit extensions (a second heating circuit was retrofitted to the woodchip boiler. Unfortunately, the number „1“ was assigned
twice).
Press [▼] or [▲]to go to line MC .. , if this line reads:
Off Summer
Heating circuit off for summer operations - to switch to winter operations see section„Off Summer“ or
„AUTO“ operating mode on page 38.
Off out>day
Heating circuit off for the outside temperature is higher than the preset heating threshold for heating
operations; you may need to correct the heating threshold – see section „Outside temperature dependent
heating thresholds“ on page 40.
Off out>night
Heating circuit off as the outside temperature is higher than the preset heating threshold for heating operations; you may need to correct the heating threshold – see section „Outside temperature dependent heating
thresholds“ on page 40..
Off SP day<R
Heating circuit off as the preset room temperature is lower than „room .. SET day“ (with remote control), you
may need to correct the temperature on the room sensor or increase in the menu „MC.. -> Room ..“ -> Room
..“ SET day“ – page 42.
OffSPnight<R
Heating circuit off as the preset room temperature is higher than „room .. SET night“ (with remote control), you
may need to correct the temperature on the room sensor or increase in the menu „MC.. -> Room ..“ “Room ..
SET night“ – page 42.
Off SPday<
Mixing circuit off as set flow temperature is below 18°C (without remote control).You may need to increase the heating curve „Flow at +10° outside temp.” – page 41.
Off SP Night
Mixing circuit off as set flow temperature is below 18°C (without remote control). You may need to increase
the heating curve „Flow at +10° outside temp.” – page 41.
Off Bo Temp.<
Heating circuit off as the boiler temperature is lower than the release temperature; heat the boiler, or
wait for the boiler to reach the release temperature of the heating circuit.
Off AccTemp.<
Heating circuit off as the accumulator temperature is lower than the release temperature (menu „MC ..“
-> „ReleaseTemp.“).
On Day
Heating circuit in heating mode (remote control set to „Timer AUTO“). Without a room sensor you can select in
the menu “MC..“ -> „Mode“ between “DAY“, “NIGHT“ and “AUTO“.
On Night
Heating circuit in night time set-back mode (remote control set to „Timer AUTO“). Without a room sensor you
can select in the menu “MC..“ -> „MODE“ the operating mode.
on ext. day
Heating circuit set to heating mode via remote control (operating mode switch or text message).
on ext.night
Heating circuit set to night time set-back mode via remote control (operating mode switch or text message).
HW Prio.
Heating circuit off as hot water charging is active.
Frostprot.
Heating curcuit on as frost protection function is active (minimum running time typically 1/2 hour).
On OverTemp
Heating circuit activated due to boiler over temperature.
ScreedDry
The heating circuit is in automatic „Screed Drying“ mode
Fault
See the “ERROR DISPLAY“ menu
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
2008-01
39
Heating Curve, Heating Threshold
Day: Adjust the heating curve for daytime operations by setting
two reference points. The control unit uses these points and
the current outside temperature to calculate the required flow
temperature (for example at +3°C outside temperature and
44°C flow, or for -5°C outside and 54°C flow). If a room sensor
is installed, this temperature is adjusted and the actual flow
temperature can be higher or lower.
Heating Curve
80
60
50
40 44°C day
day
nig
ht
adjusting anchor
transitional time
(only adjustable with SERVICE pwd)
adjusting anchor
winter
Heating threshold day: The heating system is switched off
when an adjustable outside temperature (18°C in our example)
is reached.
Night: During the night the heating curve drops by the adjustable “night time temperature drop” value compared to daytime.
10
frost protection
0
-20 -15 -10
heating threshold
day
29°C night
20
heating threshold
night
30
+3°C
flowtemperature of heating °C
maximum flowtemperature
70
Set up
-5
0 +5 +10 +15 +20
outside temperature°C
This diagram shows the factory default settings.
If the control unit settings for your system have been
modified, the settings may use a lower heating curve
for under-floor heating, and a higher heating curve for
radiator heating.
Heating threshold night: The heating system will switch of
during the night when the adjustable outside temperature
value (7°C in our example) is exceeded.
Maximum flow temperature: This threshold value protects
your heating system. Underfloor heatings are typically limited
to 40°C, up to 85°C are possible for radiators with metal piping
(SERVICE permission level required to adjust).
Frost protection: If the flow temperature or the temperature
measured by the room sensor is below 10°C (not adjustable), the
heating circuit pump is switched on. If an average brick house
remains unheated for more than 5 days in winter, check at weekly intervals to make sure the boiler is working properly.
Outside temperature-dependent heating threshold (automatic switch off)
Press [ ] multiple times in the main menu, then press [▼] or [▲] to move
the arrow cursor to the right of the display to the MC 0 line;
then press [ ] to confirm.
CHIP.BOIL operating
HWT
LOADED
MC 0
On Day
CONVEYOR
Off
MODE
AUTO
HEATING TIMES 0
Room Temp. 0
22º
HEATINGCURVE
44º
A submenu starting with MODE appears.
Press [▼] or [▲] to access the . ...at day line, and then press [ ] to
modify.
Outdoor Temp.
17º
Heat until outdoor
...at day
18º
...at Night
7º
The arrow cursor at the right changes into a question mark and the temperature
value starts flashing.
Outdoor Temp.
17º
Heat until outdoor
...at day
18º?
...at Night
7º
Press [▼] or [▲] to set the new temperature value for ...at day , and
then press [ ] to save. The question mark cursor becomes an arrow, and the
new temperature value is shown (non-flashing).
Outdoor Temp.
17º
Heat until outdoor
...at day
16º
...at Night
7º
The heating threshold for . ...at night is also the frost protection temperature
For outside temperatures below 0°C you should at least switch on the pumps of your heating system to warm the cold
parts of the heating system (pipes on outer walls) using the residual heat in the house. To ensure frost protection never
set the night time threshold ...at night below 3° for normal heating systems.
40
subject to change without prior notice
Flow Temperature
Adjusting the flow temperature
CHIP.BOIL operating
HWT
LOADED
MC 0
On Day
CONVEYOR
Off
If the house is constantly too warm, or too cold, you will need to adjust the flow
temperature. Press [ ] multiple times in the main menu, then press [▼] or [▲] to
move the arrow cursor to the right of the display to the heating circuit you wish to
adjust, this is MC 0 in our example; then press [ ] to confirm.
MODE
AUTO
HEATING TIMES 0
HEATINGCURVE
47º
Outdoor Temp.
0º
A submenu starting with MODE appears. Press [▼] or [▲] to place the cursor in
the HEATINGCURVE line, and then press [ ] to select it.
A submenu starting with Req Flow Temp. . appears. In the first two lines
you can compare the rated flow temperature (first line) calculated by the control unit
with the current flow temperature (second line).
Req Flow Temp. is a set of values calculated by the control unit by reference to the heating characteristic, heating times/night time temperature drop, room
sensors adjustment, outside temperature driven heating thresholds,frost protection
and maximum flow temperature.
Press [▼] three times to view the settings for the heating curve. The curve is displayed in the form of two reference points, one for an outdoor temperature of -10º, and
the second for an outdoor temperature of +10º.
If the below zero outdoor temperature
is too high or too low, you can adjust the flow for -10º outdoor temperature and leave the temperature settings for +10°C unchanged. Was the flow temperature correct at the start of the heating season, or was it adjusted?
The control unit uses these two temperature reference points to calculate a heating
curve and based on this the flow temperature required for the current outside temperature. The night curve is linked via the night time temperature drop value to the
day time curve, and is thus automatically adjusted.
Thus move the cursor to the -10º outdoor temp. line in winter, and to
the +10º outdoor temp. line in transition periods. . Press [ ] to change.
The arrow at the right changes into a question mark and the temperature value starts
flashing.
Press [▼] or [▲] to set the temperature and then [ ] to save. The question mark
cursor becomes an arrow, and the new temperature value is shown (non-flashing).
For underfloor heating with plastic pipes, never set a temperature of more
than 40°C.
Always make gradual adjustments. Never more than 3° for under-floor heating and
never more than 6° for radiators. You may need to readjust after one or two days. But
gradual adjustments are more precise and ensure an economic use of energy.
Night setback
Excessive use of night setback is not recommended. Walls cooling down excessively over night mean that far higher air temperatures are required in the morning. This compromises the energy savings made during the night while at the
same time impacting user comfort.
reference values:
radiator
floor
40°C
60°C
80°C
30 - 40°C
-10º outdoor
5 - 8°C
10 - 15 °C 15 - 22°C
3- 5°C
Night Set-back
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
Act.Flow Temp.
Flow Temp. at
-10º outdoor
+10º outdoor
47º
60º
60º
35º
70
60
Tdaagy
50
40
adjusting
Einstellpunkt
anchor
transitional
Übergangszeit
time
Rücklauftemperatur
derheating
Heizung°C °C
flowtemperature of
is too hot or too cold, you can adjust the flow for +10º outdoor and leave
the temperature settings for -10°C unchanged.
47º
47º
80
niag
N
chht
t
30
20
10
0
-20 -15 -10
-5
0 +5 +10 +15 +20
Aussentemperatur
outside
temperature°C°C
80
Rücklauftemperatur
Heizung°C°C
flowtemperature der
of heating
If the above zero outdoor temperature
Req FLow Temp.
Act.Flow Temp.
Flow Temp. at
-10º outdoor
70
60
50
40
30
adjusting anchor
winter
Set up
day
nigh
t
20
10
0
-20 -15 -10
-5
0 +5 +10 +15 +20
Aussentemperatur
outside
temperature °C°C
Act.Flow Temp.
Flow Temp. at
-10º outdoor
+10º outdoor
47º
Act.Flow Temp.
Flow Temp. at
-10º outdoor
+10º outdoor
47º
60º
35º?
60º
38º
-10º outdoor
60º
+10º outdoor
38º
Req. Flow Temp.
Night Set-back 15º?
2008-01
41
Room Temperature, Heating Periods
Room temperature rated value (only with room sensor)
Adjust the room temperature rated values at the control unit, if you frequently
reach the maximum or minimum settings on the room sensor while adjusting
the room temperature, or if you wish to modify the night time temperature
drop values.
Press [ ] multiple times to get to the main menu. In the main menu press [▼]
or [▲] to move the arrow cursor (on the right of the display) to the heating
circuit you wish to adjust. In this example this is MC 0 . Then press [ ] to
confirm.
A submenu starting with Mode appears. Press [▼] or [▲] to select Room
Temp. 0 , and then press [ ] to go to the submenu.
The Room Temp. 0 temperature displayed is not the actually
measured room temperature. The preselected room temperature increase is
subtracted from the measured room temperature (by the room unit), whereas
a room temperature decrease is added to the measured room temperature.
Only if the temperature adjustment indicator at the room unit is in neutral/
middle position, the the boiler control unit displays the actual, current room
temperature.
Press [▼] or [▲] to select the rated value ...at day
night, and then press [ ] to change.
or ...at
The arrow cursor at the right changes into a question mark and the temperature
value starts flashing. Press [▼] or [▲] to set the temperature and then [ ] to
save. The question mark cursor becomes an arrow again, and the new temperature value is shown (non-flashing).
Adjusting the length of heating periods
To extend the daytime temperature period to 11.00 pm on Friday and Saturday:
Press [ ] multiple times to get to the main menu, then press [▼] or [▲] to move
the arrow cursor to the heating circuit you wish to adjust. In this example, this is
MC 0 . Press [ ] to confirm.
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL operating
HWT
LOADED
CHIP.BOIL operating
HWT
LOADED
MC 0
On Day
CONVEYOR
Off
MODE
AUTO
HEATING TIMES 0
Room Temp. 0
21º
HEATINGCURVE
44º
Room Temp. 0
Rated Value
...at day
...at night
21º
16º
Room Temp. 0
Rated Value
...at day
...at night
22º?
16º
CHIP.BOIL operating
HWT
LOADED
MC 0
On Day
CONVEYOR
Off
MODE
AUTO
HEATING TIMES 0
Room Temp. 0
21º
HEATINGCURVE
44º
Please select day!
A submenu starting with Mode appears. Press [▼] or [▲] to select the
HEATINGCURVE item, and then press [ ] to enter the submenu.
Mo
Tu
In the submenu, press [▼] or [▲] to select Fr (Friday), and then press [ ] to
enter the 4th level menu.
Fr ,copy to:
04:00-08:00
10:00-14:00
16:00-20:00
---
Fr ,copy to:
04:00-08:00
10:00-14:00
16:00-20:00
---
Fr ,copy to:
04:00-08:00
10:00-14:00
16:00-23:00
---
Fr ,copy to:
04:00-08:00
10:00-14:00
16:00-23:00
Sa
In the 4th level menu, press [▼] or [▲] to select the last line, 16:00-20:00.
Then press [ ] to change the value.
The first 2 digits starts flashing. As you do not wish to adjust the starting time,
press [ ] twice to move to the hour value of the end time.
When the first 2 digits of the end time start flashing, press [▼] or [▲] to adjust
and then press [ ] to store the value.Press [ ] again to go to the next 2 digits ,
or store your changes at the end of the line.
To copy the time, you have just set, to Saturday, press [▲] to access the top line
Fr ,copy to:--- , and then press [ ]. When you access this item, the
word .ALL. for all days start flashing. Press [▼] or [▲] to move the cursor to
Sa for Saturday, and then press [ ] to select. To show that the copy operation has
been completed,.Sa ?. changes to .--- .
42
Set up
We
Th
Fr
Sa
Su
?
?
?
subject to change without prior notice
Set up
Hot water supply outside of the programmed charging times
If hot water tank loading is temporarily blocked by time windows, it is still possible to start hot water heating between loading times.
Press [▼] or [▲] in the main menu to access the HWT line, press [ ] to
select,
Press [▼] to go to the Extra Charge line, and then [ ] to access.
.NO. starts flashing.
Press [▲] to change to YES , and then press [ ] to confirm.
Once the accumulator has reached a sufficient temperature to charge the hot
water tank, the hot water tank will be charged outside of the normal heating
period.
Hot water tank loading times and temperatures
You can set the hot water tank loading times to charge the accumulator around
the clock without any time limits.
In the main menu (press [ ] multiple times), use [▼] or [▲] to move the arrow
cursor to the HWT line at right edge of the display, and then press [ ] to
enter the submenu; press [ ] again to access the first line of the submenu HWT
CHARGING TIME .
A screen with a list of days appears. You can press [▼] or [▲] to select a day. Press
[ ] to access Monday. A screen with three time windows appears.
Press [▼] or [▲] to access the first time window, and then press [ ] to modify.
The hour of the start value of the time window starts flashing; press [▼] or [▲]
to set the time
The minutes and the time window remain unchanged, so press [ ] four times to
skip. The temperature value of the hot water tank starts flashing; and then press
[▼] or [▲] to set it.
Press [ ] a final time to store the time window along with the selected temperature.
Set the time for the second and third time window accordingly. Make sure you
avoid overlapping times, and set all windows you do not require to 00:0000:00. Set the temperature of the third window to 60°C at least one time during
the week or at least to a temperature that is 5°C above normal temperature (a
time period is not required for this ”over-temperature window“). This temperature is at the same time the maximum threshold for heat removal in the case of
boiler overtemperature.
To copy, go to the first line, Mo ,copy to:--- and then press [ ] to
access. You can press[▼] or [▲] to select individual days, or alternatively select
all days. In this example, select.ALL., for all days, and then press [ ] to copy.
To show that the copy operation has been completed, flashing .ALL?. changes
to .--- ..
Adjusting the activation temperature vector for the hot water tank
When the actual temperature drops by the switch on vector to the rated temperature, loading the hot water tank will be facilitated within the time window.
The factory default is a 10°C Activat. diff. activation difference for
sensors located near the top of the hot water tank. If the temperature sensor is
fitted at a lower position, you can use a value of up to 30°C to significantly reduce
the number of boiler commissionings for hot water preparation.
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
Hot Water
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL Stand by
HWT
Demands
HWT CHARGING TIME
Extra Charge
NO
Activat.diff.
10º
HotWaterTank
30º
HWT CHARGING TIME
Extra Charge
Yes
Activat.diff.
10º
HotWaterTank
30º
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL Stand by
HWT
Demands
HWT CHARGING TIME Extra Charge
NO
Activat.diff.
10º
HotWaterTank
30º
Please select day!
Mo
Tu
We
Th
Fr
Sa
Su
Mo ,copy to:
00:00-24:00
00:00-00:00
00:00-00:00
--50º
50º
60º
Mo ,copy to:
05:00-24:00
00:00-00:00
00:00-00:00
--50º?
50º
60º
Mo ,copy to:
05:00-24:00
00:00-00:00
00:00-00:00
--55º?
50º
60º
Mo ,copy to:
05:00-24:00
00:00-00:00
00:00-00:00
--55º?
50º
60º
Mo ,copy to:
05:00-24:00
00:00-00:00
00:00-00:00
ALL ?
55º?
50º
60º
HWT CHARGING TIME Extra Charge
NO
Activat.diff.
10º
HotWaterTank
30º
2008-01
43
Hot Water Circulation
Set up
Circulation pump
The circulation pump times should be used sparingly (only for times when you
use the bathroom) to avoid mixing the water in the hot water tank, and thus
save energy
A menu starting with HWT CHARGING TIME appears,
HWT CHARGING TIME Extra Charge
NO
HotWaterTank
30º
HWTPump
0%
Press [▼] to select CIRCULATION TIMES , and then [ ] to enter the
3rd level submenu,
HWTPump
0%
CIRCULATION TIMES Circ.Pump
Off
Operating Time 180s
Press [▼] or [▲] in the main menu to select HWT , then press [ ] to enter
the submenue.
Press [ ] to select Monday or [▼] or [▲]to select another day. A time schedule
with circulation times appears.
Please select day!
Fr
Sa
Su
Mo ,copy to:
05:00-24:00
00:00-00:00
00:00-00:00
---
The minutes start flashing and can be adjusted by pressing [▼] or [▲] ; then
press [ ] to go to the time window end hour value;
Mo ,copy to:
05:30-24:00
00:00-00:00
00:00-00:00
---
Press[▼] or [▲] to set the hours, and then [ ] to move on to the minutes.
Mo ,copy to:
05:30-06:00
00:00-00:00
00:00-00:00
---
Mo ,copy to:
05:30-06:30
00:00-00:00
00:00-00:00
---
Mo ,copy to:
05:30-06:30
00:00-00:00
00:00-00:00
---
Mo ,copy to:
05:30-06:30
19:00-21:00
00:00-00:00
---
Press [ ] to access the first time window for editing, the time window start hour
value starts flashing; press [▼] or [▲] to set the hour, and then press [ ] to
store to go to minutes.
Press [▼] or [▲] to set the minutes , and then [ ] to set the number of circulation pump runs per hour.
Do not use more than four starts per hour for the first setting. If you notice that
the hot water pipes are cooling out too quickly, increase the number of starts
per hour.For comparison: test with 4 starts per hour in one time window, and
5 starts in the other. Press [ ] a final time to store the time window along with
the selected number of starts per hour.
Set the second and third time window accordingly. Make sure you avoid overlaps, and set the final window to 00:00-00:00 if you do not need it.
To copy, select the first line, Mo, copy to:
---.., then press
[ ] to access. You can press [▼] or [▲] to select individual days, or alternatively select all days.In this example, select ALL , and then press [ ] to copy.
To show that the copy operation has been completed, flashing ALL? changes
to .---..
Press [ ] twice to quit setting circulation times, and then press [▼] to select the
last line of the menu, OPERATING TIME . Press [ ] to change; then
press [▼] or [▲] to adjust, and [ ] to save. Select a pump running time of
max. 90 seconds as the initial setting. In case you notice that the running time is
too short, increase this value.
44
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL Stand by
HWT
Demands
Mo
Tu
We
Th
Mo ,copy to:
05:30-06:30
19:00-21:00
00:00-00:00
4x?
4x
4x
4x?
4x
4x
4x?
4x
4x
4x?
4x
4x
5x?
4x
4x
5x
4x
0x
ALL ?
5x
4x
0x
HWTPump
0%
CIRCULATION TIMES
Circ.Pump
Off
Operating Time 90s?
subject to change without prior notice
Idle Period for Ash Disposal
Idle period for ash disposal
The noise of automatic ash disposal can be annoying,especially in the middle
of the night when the whole building is quiet (the noise is caused by the turbulators dropping during heat-exchanger cleaning). To avoid this, ash-disposal
can be blocked during the night.
Press [ ] multiple times to go to the main menu and then press [▼] to select
CHIP.BOIL and press [ ] to enter the submenu.
You will see a menu that starts with Fuel . Press [▼] to select Ash Disposal . Press [ ] to enter the submenu
Press [ ] in the first line called IDLE PERIOD .
Press [ ] to select Monday or [▼] or [▲] to select any other day
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL operating
HWT
LOADED
Fuel
WoodChip
Ash Disposal
AUTO
Fuel Conv.
Off
Boiler
0º
IDLE PERIOD
ASHDISPOSAL
TILTING FLAP
Cleaning
Please select day!
Mo
Tu
Press [ ] to enter the time line for editing. The time window starts flashing.
Now press [▼] or [▲] to set the hour, and [ ] to move on to minutes. Finally
set the idle time duration and press [ ] to store (in this example, ash disposal is
blocked for 8 hours between 22.00 and 6:00 hrs).
Stop
Stop
Off
We
Th
Fr
Sa
Su
Mo ,copy to:
04:00
--0,0h?
Mo ,copy to:
22:00
--8,0h
Woodchip boiler between 20 and 50 kW:
for pellets no longer than 10 hours
for woodchips no longer than 8 hours
for miscanthus no longer than 1.5 hours
Mo ,copy to:
22:00
--- ?
8,0h
For woodchip boilers 63 kW or larger:
for pellets no longer than 8 hours
for woodchips no longer than 6 hours
for miscanthus no longer than 1.2 hours,
Mo ,kopiere in:ALL ?
22:00
8,0h
Do not set excessively long idle periods:
Note section „Fuel causing cinder“ on page 17. If the fuel necessitates very short
intervals between ash disposal, it is recommended to set short idle periods.
Idle periods for all kinds of fuel:
You can define individual settings for each day of the week. In a similar way
to heating times, accumulator loading times and circulation pump the settings
of a single day can be copied to another day, or to the whole week. To do so,
press [▲] to access the first line, and then [ ] to change; then press [▼] or
[▲]to select ALL or select an individual day, and save by pressing [ ].
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
Mo ,copy to:
22:00
2008-01
--- 8,0h
45
Accumulator Loading Times, Accumulator Filling
Weekly timer for boiler operations (only for systems with an accumulator)
In the ACC. TANK menu under TIME CONTROL you find a weekly timer
for the boiler operations. Within the time windows the accumulator is kept at
a certain temperature. Restricted accumulator loading times must at least cover
the hot water tank loading times to avoid reducing the required hot water tank
loading times.
Press [ ] multiple times to access the main menu and then press [▼] to go to
ACC.TANK . Press [ ] to enter the submenu. Press [ ] to enter TIME
CONTROL .
Press [ ] to select Monday or press [▼] or [▲] to select another day
Set Up
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL operating
HWT
LOADED
ACC.TANK
Demands
TIME CONTROL
Pump
ON OverTemp
Acc.T.top
0º
Acc.T.bot
0º
Please select day!
Fr
Sa
Su
Mo ,copy to:
00:00-24:00
00:00-00:00
00:00-00:00
---
Press [▼] or [▲] to set the hours, and then [ ] to move on to the minutes…
(press [ ] to end the setup mode without modifying)
Mo ,copy to:
05:00-24:00
00:00-00:00
00:00-00:00
---
After pressing [ ] to confirm the minute value of the end time, the time window is stored the question mark changes back to the cursor.
Mo ,copy to:
05:00-24:00
00:00-00:00
00:00-00:00
---
To copy the time windows, go to the first line, Mo, copy to: ‘, and then
press [ ] to access. Press [▼] or [▲] to select individual days, or alternatively select
.ALL. days. In this example, select .ALL., and then press [ ] to copy. To show
that the copy operation has been completed, .ALL?.changes to .--- .
Mo ,copy to:
05:00-24:00
00:00-00:00
00:00-00:00
Mo
Tu
A screen with three time windows appears.
Press [ ] to access the first time window for editing, the hour value of the
time window starts flashing and the cursor changes to a question mark.
We
Th
?
?
ALL?
There are three different strategies for accumulator charging
In the ACC. TANK menu, you can modify the accumulator loading process using
the ACC.T. top ON.. and ACC.T. bot OFF settings.
If both values are set to a low value (10°C), the boiler will only start when a
consumer requests heat. Excess output is only swapped to the accumulator if
the heating requirement is low.
If you set a high value (50 to maximum 65°C) for ACC.T. top ON. and
a low value (10°C) for ACC.T. bot OFF , only the top of the accumulator is kept hot. The lower area of the accumulator is reserved for solar panels
for example. The boiler starts when the temperature drops below ACC.T.
top ON. and keeps running until the temperature at the top has increased
by a hysteresis value (factory default 10°C).
In case of larger hot water requirements, for a process water heat
exchanger, for an air heater, or to avoid starting a second boiler in a multiple
boiler system, the accumulator must be loaded. To do so, set the minimum
temperature level (max 75°C) at the top, and reduce the switch off temperature by 15 to 30°C to reserve storage capacity for the heat produced during
shut-down. The boiler starts when the accumulator temperature drops below
ACC.T. top ON., and shuts down when the accumulator exceeds the
ACC.T. bot OFF value.
46
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL operating
HWT
LOADED
ACC.TANK
Demands
Acc.T.bot
Req. Acc. Temp
Acc.T. top ON
Acc.T. bot.OFF
0º
0º
10º
10º
Acc.T.bot
Req. Acc. Temp
Acc.T. top ON
Acc.T. bot.OFF
0º
0º
60º
10º
Acc.T.bot
0º
Req. Acc. Temp
0º
Acc.T. top ON
60º
Acc.T. bot.OFF45º
subject to change without prior notice
Set up
Holiday Function
Holiday function; drops the heating temperature until a specific date!
You can drop the heating temperature for the duration of your holiday, and
automatically restart at the end of your holiday. You can also drop the temperature for one of several heating circuits until a specified date.
Note that the temperature correction value (+/- 5°C) at the room sensor influences both the NIGHT temperature and the DAY temperature (=temperature to
heat up to at end of holiday); for this reason, you should not adjust the temperature correction value under normal circumstances. If you wish to reduce the
temperature by a large amount, you can adjust the temperature drop temperature in the „ MC 0 -> Room Temp. -> Rated Value ...at
night “ menu (see page 42).
1st Step: Entering the end of your holiday
First go back to the top menu by pressing the [ ] button multiple times.
In the main menu press [▼] or [▲], move the arrow cursor to the MC 0
item, and then press [ ] to access the submenu.
Press [ ] to access the MODE submenu.
13:10:25
TEMPERATURES
CHIP.BOIL
OFF
ACC.TANK
LOADED
ACC.TANK
HWT
MC 0
CONVEYOR
LOADED
LOADING
On Day
Off
Mode
AUTO
HEATING TIMES 0
Room Temp. 0
18º
HEATINGCURVE
0º
Holiday unt21.09.06?
Set the end date of your holiday to one day before the end of your holiday if
the outside temperature is cold, or if you will return in the morning.
Press [ ] to change the date. The cursor changes to a question mark and the
day starts flashing. Press [▼] or [▲] to set the day and then [ ] to save.
Holiday unt17.03.06?
The month starts flashing. Press [▼] or [▲] to set the month and then [ ] to
save.
The year starts flashing. Press [▼] or [▲] to set the year and then [ ] to save.
Holiday unt21.03.07?
The question mark turns into an arrow cursor, and the new date is saved for
the end of holiday.
Holiday unt21.03.07
Press [ ] to return to the parent menu level.
2nd Step Activating holiday temperature drop
Before going on holiday, you need to activate the holiday function (also in the „MC
..“ menu ).
Press [ ] in the MODE line to change values.
Press [▼] or [▲] to set JOURN and then [ ] to save.
The question mark cursor turns back into an arrow and the heating enters temperature drop or night time mode.
Press [ ] to return to the parent menu level. Night mode is displayed for the heating circuit MC 0 . The heating circuit automatically restarts AUTO mode at
00:00 on the end date of your holiday.
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
Mode
AUTO
HEATING TIMES 0
Room Temp. 0
18º
HEATINGCURVE
0º
Mode
JOURN?
HEATING TIMES 0
Room Temp. 0
18º
HEATINGCURVE
0º
Mode
JOURN
HEATING TIMES 0
Room Temp. 0
18º
HEATINGCURVE
44º
ACC.TANK
Boiler
MC 0
CONVEYOR
LOADED
LOADING
On Night
Off
2008-01
47
48
Messages
B for boiler control
C for conveyor control
H for heating control
alphabetically afer the
3rd message
Type of message:
ERROR
ERROR
ERROR
ALARM
Boiler control without voltage; display
blank!
ERROR
Press the [ ] button to restart the boiler after removing the cause of the boiler control errormessage/alarmmessage (B).
Alarm, Error, Warning, Info
Alarm, Error
B,H
To acknowledge (delete from display) an „Alarm/Error/Warning/Info“ message,
press any button. Press the „INFO“ button to display additional information. For
any message, press the „INFO“ button a second time to obtain the exact time when
the event occurred.
Messages with a grey background typically occur during
commissioning and service work on the control unit.
Check mains and glass tube fuse (6.3 A slow-blow) on boiler control PCB.
SafetyThermost. activated!
B
Wait for boiler temperature to drop to below 90 °C. Then unlock the safety thermostat
(located behind front insulating door). If this error occurs more than twice a year, call customer service!
Water shortage Alert!
B
Allow boiler to cool down, and top up with heating water (this alarm is only possible if
a low water level sensor is installed). If this error occurs more than twice a year, there
may be a leak in your heating system.
........
Sensor Broken!
B,H
Temperature sensor at the measuring point, which is quoted in the message, is
defective, not connected, or the wiring is broken. If a temperature of 0° is displayed
without an error message, no terminals have been assigned to the corresponding
analogue input.
........
Sensor shorted!
B,H
Temperature sensor at the measuring point, which is quoted in the message, is
defective, wiring is shorted.
230V supply Voltage
not found
H
230 V mains power for the heating extensions has failed, or the fuse in the housing is
defective.
Change Supply L2 and
L3 !
C
Wrong rotary field, changes supply line phases!
Conveyor 2 current
exceeds!
C
Conveyor 2 jammed or defective! Before opening the revision lids to the screw, switch
off the system, using the MAINS SWITCH. Find mechanical cause, before switching on
again.
Conveyor 2 overload!
Let cool off!
C
Conveyor drive 2 motor protection has triggered. Could have been caused by too large
and sharp fuel. Allow cool off below 80% (menu “CONVEYOR-> CONVEYOR 2-> heating),
before pressing [ ] button to restart.
Conveyor 2: Missing
neutral conductor
C
Conveyor 2 neutral connector is not connected. Connect to neutral point!
Conveyor 2: Missing
Phase ..
C
Wrong conveyor motor 2 connection, cable break or plug not connected to PCB, or
PCB defective. This message can only acknowledged by pressing the mains switch or
pressing the [ ]-button.
Conveyor current
exceeds
C
Conveyor screw locked or defective! Find the mechanical cause for the blocking before
switching on again. Before opening the screw revision lids, switch off the system using
the MAINS SWITCH.
Conveyor: Missing
neutral conductor
C
Neutral conductor of conveyor screw motor not connected, must be connected with
neutral terminal!
Conveyor: Missing
Phase ..
C
Conveyor screw motor connected incorrectly, cable break or plug on PCB not connected
or PCB defective. This message can only be deleted with the mains switch or the [ ]
key.
Current consum. of
stoker scr. too high
B
Press [
full.
Draught fan blocked!
B
Exhaust fan blocked by foreign body; fan or speed sensor defective; or line interrupted.
Emergency stop
button pressed!
B
The emergency stop button has been pressed and needs to be released manually.
Exhaust Fan MAX
Current exceeded
B
Exhaust fan blocked, defective or phase interruption.
Fire extinguished
check fuel!
B
The fire extinguished during heating operations, possibly no more fuel left.
] button to restart ash disposal. Foreign body blocks ash disposal or ash bin
subject to change without prior notice
ERROR
ERROR
ERROR
ERROR
Messages
Error
Firebed level switch
activated!
B
Level switch has been activated for longer than 50 minutes, clean level switch, level
switch is blocked or grate flap is dirty.
Frequency Converter
Communication error
B
Check the bus connection and the power supply to the frequency converter.
Frequency Converter
Current too low
B
Check exhaust fan power supply.
Frequency Converter
Motor error
B
Exhaust fan, frequency converter or cabling defective, see error code number in the
boiler control menu ”Fan“.
Frequency Converter
Overtemperature
B
Ambient temperature too high, cooling fins dirty or frequency converter cooling fan
defective.
Fuse 24VAC broken!
B
Replace glass tube fuse F3-24V~ (250 mA slow-blow) on boiler control PCB.
Fuse F10 broken!
C
Replace glass tube fuse F10 for conveyor motor output on the conveyor PCB.
Fuse F11 broken!
C
Replace glass tube fuse F11 for conveyor motor output on the conveyor PCB.
Fuse F12 broken!
C
Replace glass tube fuse F12 for conveyor 2 motor output on the conveyor PCB.
Fuse F13 broken!
C
Replace glass tube fuse F13 for conveyor 2 motor output on the conveyor PCB.
Fuse F14 broken!
C
Replace glass tube fuse F14 for conveyor 2 motor output on the conveyor PCB.
Fuse F3 broken!
C
Replace glass tube fuse F3 for supply line phase 1 on the conveyor PCB.
Fuse F6 broken!
C
Replace glass tube fuse F6 for stoker motor output on the conveyor PCB.
Fuse F7 broken!
C
Replace glass tube fuse F7 for stoker motor output on the conveyor PCB.
Fuse F8 broken!
C
Replace glass tube fuse F8 for stoker motor output on the conveyor PCB.
Fuse F9 broken!
C
Replace glass tube fuse F9 for conveyor motor output on the conveyor PCB.
Grate Flap does not
reach CLOSE position
B
Grate flap blocked by foreign body or cinder during closing.
Grate Flap does not
reach OPEN position!
B
Grate flap blocked by foreign body or cinder during opening.
Ignit. failed! Check
Combustible!
B
The ignition fan is not able to ignite the fuel before “Ignition time MAX“ has elapsed.
There may be no fuel at all or the fuel is too humid or too large, or the ignition fan is
defective.
Plug S99 missing or
wrong version
B
Coding plug S99 for safety chain is missing or does not correspond with software.
Replace and then switch off mains switch and back on again.
Revision opening
rotary valve is open
C
Switch on the maintenance lid of the rotary valve (space below the rotary valve)
interrupts the woodchip feed. Boiler must be switched on again after closing the lid.
Revision opening
cap (2) is open
C
Switch on revision opening lid of second conveyor interrupts woodchip feed. Boiler
must be switched on again after closing the lid.
Revision opening
cap is open
C
Switch on revision opening lid interrupts woodchip feed. Switch on boiler againafter
closing the lid.
ScrewConv. Overload
cool down necess.!
B
Ash disposal blocked! The conveyor screw is released by switching off and on with the
[ ] key provided the temperature has dropped to 80% . If the error message appears
again, find the mechanical cause for the blocking (switch off MAINS SWITCH before
opening the screw).
Stoker current
exceeds
C
Stoker or rotary valve jammed or defective! Find mechanical cause before switching on
again (switch off MAINS SWITCH before opening the screw).
Stoker overload !
Let cool off!
C
Stoker motor protection and rotary valve drive have triggered. Allow cool off below 80%
(“CONVEYOR-> STOKER-> heating), before pressing the [ ]-button to restart.
Stoker position not
defined!!
B
The parameter <stoker position> in the menu point SYSTEM CONFIGURATION, WOODCHIP
CONTROL must be set! (Stoker screw installation side seen from the front).
Stoker: Missing
neutral conductor
C
Neutral conductor not connected. Connect neutral conductor with neutral terminal!
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
2008-01
49
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
ERROR
Error, Warning
50
Messages
Stoker: Missing
Phase ..
C
Motor not connected, cable break or plug not connected to PCB, or PCB defective. This
message can only acknowledged by using the mains switch or pressing the
[ ]-button.
Supply Voltage L2
missing or Fuse F4
C
Check supply line or glass tube fuse F4 on conveyor PCB.
Supply Voltage L3
missing or Fuse F5
C
Check supply line or glass tube fuse F5 on conveyor PCB.
Boiler Return Temp.
too low!
B
Return line temperature has been too low for a longer period of time: Inform plumber
and check functionality of return temperature rise and if sensor is insulated.
Bus-Connection to
AEK interr.
B
The CAN bus cable from the boiler PCB to the conveyor PCB is defective or disconnected.
Can-bus node number
has been changed!
B,C,H The switch for the CAN bus node number is on the PCB, for multiple boiler systems the
Cannot read Error
Log!
B,C,H System error when reading EEPROM. The error event history is no longer available.
Check: Lambda probe
wired correctly?
switch positions must be different, standard: „0“ .
B
Unacceptable Lambda probe signal. Either incorrect Lambda probe wiring or Lambda
probe defective or combustion chamber was not cold during commissioning test!
Conf. changed!Check
Input assignment!
B,C,H The standard assignment of at least one input has been changed. This warning can be
Conf. changed!Check
Output assignment!
B,C,H The standard assignment of at least one output has been changed. This warning can be
ignored for initial commissioning. For a software update you need to check all inputs
and assign them manually if necessary.
ignored for initial commissioning, however, for a software update you need to check all
outputs and assign them manually if necessary.
Config. requires additional Hardware!
H
The hardware required for this configuration is not registered on the bus. Bus,
power supply or PCB defective.
Conveyor 2 wrong
voltage -> Selftest!
C
Voltage at switched off output of conveyor 2, self test enabled.
Conveyor 2 wrong
voltage -> Selftest!
C
Current consumption drops below minimum value when the conveyor drive 2 is switched on, a self test is enabled.
Conveyor current too
low -> Selftest !
C
Current drops below minimum value when the conveyor drive is switched on, a self test
is enabled.
Conveyor wrong voltage -> Selftest!
C
Voltage at switched off outlet of conveyor. Self test enabled.
Current consum. of
stoker scr. too high
K
Press the [
is full.
Deash: overfill
counter MAX exceeded
B
Deashing required as overfill counter has reached the maximum value. The boiler
starts automatic deashing as ash deposit on the grate was too high for too long.
Draught Fan does not
reach req. Speed!
K
The draugth fan has not reached the required speed during the ignition phase. Check
the draught fan.
EE_SW_VERSION_ERROR
B,C
] button to restart ash disposal. Foreign body blocks ash disposal or ash bin
System error when reading EEPROM..
EEPROM set to factory default
B,C,H The system has been reset to the factory defaults, e.g. after installing a lower software
EE-read fault Input
reference list
B,C,H System error when reading EEPROM. Manually changed inputs must be reasigned.
EE-read fault Output
ref. List
B,C,H System error when reading EEPROM. Manually changed outputs must be reasigned.
EE-read fault Parameter list
B,C,H System error when reading EEPROM. Manually changed parameters have been reset to
Empty ash bin
version. You need to re-enter all settings!
factory default.
K
Unless the woodchip quantity has been set in the menu ”CHIP.BOIL“ -> ”De-ashing“
-> ”Empty ash bin at [kg]“, this message will not appear. This message is a reminder
after the fuel has been consumed. The reminder is not enabled as a factory default
(the value is set to 0), as it is only possible to achieve a satisfactory setting with very
homogeneous woodchips.
subject to change without prior notice
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
Messages
EPROM has been changed
External interlock
actuated
Failed to read
EE EE_SYSTEM_ERROR
Warning
B,C,H An EPROM from another control unit has been inserted. All settings have been deleted!
C
An additionally installed safety device (level switch, light barrier) has stopped
fuel feed.
B,C,H System error when reading EEPROM. You need to re-enter all settings.
Ignore Selftest
Only for Testing!
C
Use a parameter in the configuration menu to ignore the self test to allow conveyor
operations during troubleshooting even if there was a negative self test result.
Lambda Probe
not connected
B
Lambda probe not connected or lambda probe power supply lines (2 white wires) interrupted, or Lambda probe defective.
Lambda Probe doesnt
reach req. Temp.
B
Lambda probe does not reach the required temperature, excessive probe heating current.
Lambda probe high
variance!!
B
The lambda probe measurement uncertainty is too high, it must be replaced. After
having installed the new probe set the “DeltaLam.Sig“ parameter to zero.
Lambda Probe
shorted!
B
Lambda probe defective or line short-circuited.
Low. AirValve doesnt
reach end position!
B
Primary air valve is blocked mechanically, is defective or installed incorrectly (if error
occurs during commissioning).
Low. AirValve doesnt
reach req.Position!
B
Primary air valve is blocked mechanically, is defective or installed incorrectly (if error
occurs during commissioning).
Neutral current exceeds -> Selftest!
C
A neutral conductor current is measured despite switched off outputs. Self test enabled.
New Software Version
Remove Jumper...
Set Jumper...
B,C,H An EEPROM with a higher program version is used.
H
For the current configuration you need to remove the jumper on the heating circuit
control PCB for mutual control of outputs in mixing mode.
Jumper MI1_U for L1 and L2 to plug S7
Jumper MI2_U for L3 and L4 to plug S8
Jumper VEN_U for L5 and L6 to plug S9
H
Jumper J6-MIX2U for L7 and L8 to plug S60
Jumper J7-MIX1U for L9 and L10 to plug S59
Jumper J8-PUX_L for L11 and L12 to plug S58
WARINING
WARNING
For the current configuration you need to remove the jumper on the heating circuit
control PCB to deactivate the mutual control of the outputs.
Revers Circulation
H
The difference between the collector temperatures and the outside temperature exceeded the warning threshold between 00:00 and 05:00 (configurable in the „Collector“
menu). Non-return valves may be leaking.
Revision opening
cap (2) is open
C
Revision opening
cap is open
C
The revision lid above the drop shaft is pressed open (small limit switch). Three reverse
movements are started to remove the obstacle in the drop shaft. If this does not help,
the conveyor is stopped and the boiler is blocked.
Room sensor
MC.. Broken
B,H
Mixing circuit room sensor is defective.
Screed MC.. doesnt
reach req. Temp.!
B,H
System was unable to reach screed rated temperature for a longer period of time in
screed drying mode. Heating load too high.
Sensor Rotary Valve
malfunction
C
Rotary valve sensor defective, not connected or wrong setting (the distance between
sensor and screw is to be set to 4 mm).
Stoker current too
low -> Selftest !
C
Current consumption drops below minimum value when the drive is switched on, self
test enabled.
Stoker wrong voltage
-> Selftest !
C
Voltage at switched off output, self test enabled.
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
2008-01
51
INFO
INFO
INFO
INFO
WARNING
Warning, Info
52
Messages
Upp. AirValve doesnt
reach end position!
B
Secondary air valve is blocked mechanically, is defective or installed incorrectly (if error
occurs during commissioning).
Upp. AirValve doesnt
reach req.Position!
B
econdary air valve is blocked mechanically, is defective or installed incorrectly (if error
occurs during commissioning).
Ash bin not mounted!
B
Ash bin mounted incorrectly.
Blocking protection
...................
B,H
To prevent jamming in the quoted part of the heating system, the pumps run for 10
seconds, and the mixer for 3 minutes. This procedure takes place once a week on
Saturday afternoon, if pumps and/or mixer were idle in the preceding week.
Boiler switched off
via SMS
B,H
The boiler was switched off by SMS command via a mobile phone (equivalent to
switching off pressing the [ ] button on the control panel).
Boiler switched on
via SMS
B,H
The boiler was switched on by SMS command via a mobile phone (equivalent to
switching off pressing the [ ] button on the control panel).
Clean. after ....h
see Manual
B
This message will be displayed after 3,000 working hours for wooden chips and
wooden pellets, after 1,500 working hours for miscanthus (counter „maintenance“ in
COUNTERS). It is a reminder to clean the heat exhanger, the Lambda probe and the flue
gas recirculation if installed. If you cleaned recently, there is no need to clean again.
Also refer to the User Manual page 19, section “Annual cleaning“.
Emission measurement
duration: 30 min.
B
If you press the [ ] button for 5 seconds, all heat consumers generate full heat output
for 30 minutes to allow for emission measurement.
Heating circuits
reset by SMS
B,H
The „Day/Timer/Night“ operating mode was reset to the operating mode set at the
remote control/room sensor (to „Day/Auto/Night“ setting in the „MC“ => „Operation“
menu, if there is no remote control/room sensor fitted).
Heating circuits
switched by SMS
B,H
“Day/Timer/Night” operating mode was changed by SMS command via a mobile phone.
The operating mode set at the remote control unit/room sensor is disabled. You can
change mode at the remote control unit/room sensor to cancel the SMS command, and
reinstall the setting at the remote control unit/room sensor.
Heating Curve set to
floor heating?
B,H
In order to ensure a correct calculation of the final temperature for the drying program
end, the heating curve for floor heating must be set in „MC..“ , „HEATING CURVE“ =>
„Inlet at -10°C outside temp.“ and „+10°C outside temp.“
HWT charge started
by SMS
B,H
Charging the hot water tank was started by SMS command via a mobile phone outside
of the specified loading times.
Lambda Probe calib
in progr.->deashing
B
In order to ensure a proper Lambda probe calibration the embers need to be removed
from the combustion chamber completely.
Maintenence by Professional recom.
B
This information is a reminder for “Maintenance by a professional“. This message is
limited to 6 month summer season and appears after approx. 6,000 to 9,000 working
hours of pellets consumption (counter”Maintenance“ in COUNTERS). If maintenance was
carried out recently, there is no need to carry out maintenance or cleaning again. Also
refer to the User Manual page 22, section “Professional maintenance“.
Selftest successful!
C
Automatic self test was successful, supply line and drives are okay.
Selftest waiting for
closed safety chain!
C
Check which safety device has triggered (fire-bed level sensor, ash bin not in position or
tilt grate not closed) and remedy cause.
SolarP.Temp.>128°
meas. range exceeded
H
Collector temperature outside of (measuring) range or sensor broken.
subject to change without prior notice
Notes
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
2008-01
53
Possible Operating States
Messages
Possible operating states BOILER
CHIP.BOIL
CHIP.BOIL
CHIP.BOIL
CHIP.BOIL
CHIP.BOIL
CHIP.BOIL
CHIP.BOIL
CHIP.BOIL
CHIP.BOIL
CHIP.BOIL
CHIP.BOIL
HWT
HWT
HWT
HWT
HWT
HWT
HWT
ACC.TANK
ACC.TANK
ACC.TANK
ACC.TANK
ACC.TANK
ACC.TANK
swit. off
WarmStart
Ignits
operating
burndown
Stand By
ash disp.
Locked
Ext.Heat
Calibr.
fault
The boiler has been switched off using the [ ] button.
Boiler attempts to start without automatic ignition.
Boiler starts with automatic ignition.
Boiler is operating.
Boiler is in switching off cycle.
Boiler is ready to operate, however it is currently not operating.
Automatic ash disposal active.
If external ON/OFF is configured which locks the boiler, or in case of conveyor malfunction.
External heat switching valve has switched to external boiler.
Automatic Lambda probe calibration active.
Woodchip boiler malfunction.
Loading
Loaded
Demands
Decant
fault
SolarPrio
Off-Delay
Possible operating states HOT WATER TANK
Hot water tank is being loaded
Hot water tank is loaded.
The hot water tank is demanding heat.
After the heating phase has been finished, surplus heat is loaded into the boiler.
Hot water tank malfunction.
Hot water tank is demanding heat, however the sun still has priority over the boiler.
Delay time, after boiler switch-off, in which the HWT still receives heat.
Loading
Loaded
Demands
OFF Timer
SolarPrio
fault
Possible operating states ACCUMULATOR
Accumulator is being loaded.
Accumulator is loaded.
Accumulator is demanding heat.
Woodchip boiler is not enabled by the weekly timer.
Accumulator is demanding heat, however the sun still has priority over the boiler.
Accumulator malfunction
Acc.Tank Pump
ON
Acc.Tank Pump
OFF
Pump
overtemp.
Pump
Off timer
Pump
Off Therm
Possible operating states ACCUMULATOR PUMP
Accumulator loading pump switched on.
Accumulator loading pump switched off.
Loading accumulator, because the maximum boiler temperature has been exceeded.
Accumulator off, because outside accumulator loading times.
(200kw only) Pump switched off due to accentuated thermostat relay.
BOIL.PUMP
ON
BOIL.PUMP
OFF
BOIL.PUMP overtemp.
Possible operating states BOILER PUMP
Boiler pump switched on.
Boiler pump switched off.
Boiler pump switched on because the maximum boiler temperature has been exceeded.
3WV EXT.H. Ext.Heat
3WV EXT.H. Woodchips
Possible operating states EXTERNAL HEAT
External heat supply switched on.
External heat supply switched off.
AUX. BOILER
AUX. BOILER
Possible operating states AUXILIARY BOILER
External additional boiler with oil, gas or current is demanded.
External additional boiler with oil, gas or current is not demanded.
54
ON
OFF
subject to change without prior notice
Messages
MC
MC
MC
MC
MC
MC
MC
MC
MC
Possible Operating States
..
on day
..
on night
..
on ext. day
.. on ext. night
..
Off SPday<R
.. OffSPnight<R
..
Off SP day<
.. Off SPnight<
..
Off out>day
MC .. Off out>night
MC
MC
MC
MC
MC
MC
MC
MC
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Off Summer
Off BoTemp.<
Off AccTemp.<
HW Prio.
frost prot.
On overTemp
ScreedDry
Fault
EXT.DEMAND
EXT.DEMAND
CONVEYOR
CONVEYOR
CONVEYOR
CONVEYOR
CONVEYOR
CONVEYOR
HWT
HWT
HWT
HWT
YES
NO
OFF
ON
Fault
Empty
Selftest
Back
ON
OFF
Overtemp.
Fault
Support pump
Support pump
SOLAR
SOLAR
SOLAR
SOLAR
SOLAR
ON
OFF
PANEL
OFF
PANEL
ON
PANEL OFFTemp>
PANEL PanelHot
PANEL
Fault
Possible operating states MIXING CIRCUIT
Mixing circuit .. in heating mode (remote control set to „Timer AUTO“).
Mixing circuit .. in night set back mode (remote control set to „Timer AUTO“).
MC .. set to heating mode via remote control (operating mode switch or SMS).
MC .. set to night set back via remote control (operating mode switch or SMS).
MC .. off, as room temperature higher than day preset temperature (with remote control).
MC .. off, as room temperature higher than night set back (with remote control).
MC .. off as calculated rated inlet temperature is below 18°C (without remote control).
MC .. off as calculated rated inlet temperature is below 18°C (without remote control).
MC .. off as outside temperature is higher than preset heating threshold in heating mode.
MC .. off as outside temperature is higher than preset heating threshold in night set back
mode.
Mixing circuit .. off for summer operations.
Mixing circuit .. off, as boiler temperature lower than release temperature.
Mixing circuit .. off, as accumulator temperature lower than release temperature.
Mixing circuit .. off, as domestic water is currently loaded.
Mixing circuit .. switched on due to frost protection.
Mixing circuit .. switched on due to boiler over temperature.
Automatisc screed drying on mixing circuit ...
Mixing circuit malfunction.
Possible operating states EXTERNAL DEMAND
External demand for boiler temperature and start of associated pump, if installed.
No external demand for boiler temperature and stop of associated pump, if installed.
Possible operating states CONVEYOR and FLOOR AGITATOR
Conveyor stopped.
Conveyor running.
Conveyor malfunction.
Stoker screw will be emptied.
A test program is started after switching on the system or because an error has occured.
Conveyor running reverse.
Possible operating states DOMESTIC WATER HEAT EXCHANGER
Pump for domestic water heat exchanger switched on .
Pump for domestic water heat exchanger switched off.
Pump for service water switched on due to boiler overtemperature.
Domestic water malfunction.
Possible operating states SUPPORT PUMP
Support pump (for local heating network) switched on.
Support pump (for local heating network) switched off.
Possible operating states SOLAR HEATING SYSTEM
Solar pump off due to low temperature difference between collector and accumulator.
Solar pump is switched on, accumulator is being charged.
Solar pump off, because accumulator temperature exceeds maximum value.
Solar pump off, because collector temperature is above maximum value.
Solar heating system malfunction.
Possible operating states THERMOSTAT
User Manual 20 to 200 kW
2008-01
55
In case of major changes
to settings, fill in the new
settings in a new column,
and also add the date of
change!
Temp. rated value
...at day
21º
...at night
16º
Flow temp.
Night Set back
0º
15º
Flow temp. at
-10º outdoor
+10º outdoor
Solar influence
0
1
25º
heat until outdoor
...at day
18º
...at night
7º
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday
Enable Temp.
Heating Times
MC 0
MC 1
MC 1
MC 2
MC 3
MC 4
Hot Water Tank
MC 0
MC 1
MC 1
MC 2
MC 3
MC 4
Hot Water Tank
MC 0
MC 1
MC 1
MC 2
MC 3
MC 4
Hot Water Tank
MC 0
MC 1
MC 1
MC 2
MC 3
MC 4
Hot Water Tank
2
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Entries made with a soft
pencil can easily be corrected!
subject to change without prior notice
56
Room
HEATING CURVE
Heating circ.
Date
HACK User Manual 2008-01, subject to change without prior notice
Settings of Heating Circuits
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