Diskeeper 2009 Administrator User`s Manual

Diskeeper 2009 Administrator User`s Manual
User’s Manual
Diskeeper® Administrator for Windows®
Maximizing Performance and Reliability ― Automatically
January 2009
This document describes the installation and operation of Diskeeper Corporation’s Diskeeper Administrator for
Microsoft® Windows. It is intended primarily for Windows system administrators and managers.
Revision/Update Information:
This is a revised manual
Software Versions:
Diskeeper 2009 Administrator
Operating Systems:
Windows Vista®
Windows Server® 2008
Windows Server® 2003
Windows XP (all editions except Home)
Diskeeper Corporation, Burbank, California, USA
________________________
January 2009
__________
© 2009 by Diskeeper Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
The Software described in this document is owned by Diskeeper Corporation and is protected by United States
copyright laws and international treaty provisions. Therefore, you must treat the Software like any other
copyrighted material (e.g. a book or musical recording) except that you may either (a) make one copy of the
Software solely for backup or archival purposes, or (b) transfer the Software to a single hard disk provided you
keep the original solely for backup or archival purposes. You may not copy the user documentation provided
with the Software, except for your own authorized use.
RESTRICTED RIGHTS LEGEND
The software and documentation are provided with RESTRICTED RIGHTS. Use, duplication, or disclosure by
the Government is subject to restrictions as set forth in subparagraph (c)(1)(ii) of the Rights in Technical Data
and Computer Software clause at DFARS 252.227-7013 or subparagraphs (c)(1) and (2) of the Commercial
Computer Software-Restricted Rights at 48 CFR 52.227-19 as applicable. Manufacturer is Diskeeper
Corporation, 7590 North Glenoaks Boulevard, Burbank, California 91504.
Diskeeper, the Diskeeper Corporation logo, ―Disk Performance Analyzer for Networks‖, HyperFast, I-FAAST,
InvisiTasking, ―I/O Smart‖, ―Frag Shield‖, ―Maximizing Performance and Reliability  Automatically‖, ―Set It
and Forget It‖, ―Terabyte Volume Engine‖, and ―Titan Defrag Engine‖ are either registered trademarks or
trademarks of Diskeeper Corporation in the United States and other countries.
Active Directory, Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, Windows Server, and Windows Vista are either
registered trademarks or trademarks owned by Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other
countries.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Contents
iii
CONTENTS
PREFACE
VII
WHAT THIS BOOK IS ABOUT
STRUCTURE OF THIS BOOK
INTRODUCTION
ABOUT FRAGMENTATION
VII
VII
VII
VIII
OVERVIEW OF DISKEEPER ADMINISTRATOR
1
OTHER USEFUL INFORMATION
2
INSTALLING DISKEEPER ADMINISTRATOR
3
BEFORE THE INSTALLATION
PLATFORMS AND WINDOWS VERSIONS SUPPORTED
ADDITIONAL SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS
RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS
A NOTE ABOUT FIREWALLS
INSTALLATION PROCEDURE—THE SHORT VERSION
INSTALLATION PROCEDURE—THE DETAILS
INSTALLATION OVERVIEW
INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
AFTER THE INSTALLATION
REGISTERING DISKEEPER ADMINISTRATOR
CHECK FOR PRODUCT UPDATE
ABOUT WINDOWS SERVICE PACKS
ABOUT THE DISKEEPER ADMINISTRATOR SERVICE
THE WINDOWS APPLICATION EVENT LOG
REPAIRING WINDOWS SYSTEMS
UNINSTALLING DISKEEPER ADMINISTRATOR
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
DISKEEPER ADMINISTRATOR OPERATION
7
USING THE DISKEEPER ADMINISTRATOR CONSOLE
TOOLBAR
MENU BAR
QUICK LAUNCH TASK PANE
DESCRIPTION AREA
INFORMATION AREA
OTHER NAVIGATIONAL TIPS
SELECTING COMPUTERS
SPECIFYING AN IP ADDRESS RANGE
FILTERING REPORTS
FIRST THINGS FIRST
CONFIGURING THE DATABASE
SETTING UP ADMINISTRATIVE PERMISSIONS
PORTS USED BY DISKEEPER ADMINISTRATOR
GETTING STARTED DISPLAY
SCANNING THE NETWORK
DEPLOYING DISKEEPER
INSTALLING DISKEEPER ACROSS THE NETWORK
7
8
9
9
9
9
9
9
12
12
13
13
14
15
15
17
18
18
iv
Contents
UNINSTALLING DISKEEPER ACROSS THE NETWORK
STOPPING A DISKEEPER INSTALLATION OPERATION
ABOUT THE ADMIN$ SHARE
UPDATES AND UPGRADES
UPDATE AND UPGRADE  WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?
UPDATE OR UPGRADE STEP-BY-STEP
MANAGING DISKEEPER SOFTWARE LICENSING
SOFTWARE LICENSE MANAGEMENT ACTIONS
MANAGING DISKEEPER PRODUCT ACTIVATION
ACTIVATING DISKEEPER ACROSS THE NETWORK
DEFRAGMENTATION POLICIES
CREATING DEFRAGMENTATION POLICIES
DISKEEPER DEFRAGMENTATION POLICY OPTIONS
LEGACY DISKEEPER (VERSIONS 9 AND 10) JOB POLICY OPTIONS
EDITING EXISTING DEFRAGMENTATION POLICIES
DEPLOYING DEFRAGMENTATION POLICIES
DISKEEPER DEPLOYMENT POLICIES
CREATING DEPLOYMENT POLICIES
DISKEEPER DEPLOYMENT POLICY OPTIONS
EDITING EXISTING DEPLOYMENT POLICIES
AUTOMATIC DEFRAG MANAGEMENT
CREATING AUTOMATIC DEFRAG MANAGEMENT POLICIES
EDITING EXISTING AUTOMATIC DEFRAG MANAGEMENT POLICIES
DISKEEPER REPORTS
DETAILS ABOUT THE REPORTS
DISKEEPER COMPUTERS DATA SET
FRAGMENTATION AND PERFORMANCE DATA SET
COMPUTERS AND POLICIES DATA SET
ALERT HISTORY DATA SET
CREATING A REPORT
VIEWING REPORT STATUS
FILTERING A REPORT
SAVING A REPORT
PRINTING A REPORT
LAUNCHING OTHER ACTIONS FROM A REPORT
DISKEEPER ALERTS
HOW TO RECEIVE ALERTS
CONFIGURING ALERTS
SETTING UP ALERT AND TASK PURGE OPTIONS
USING GROUPS
CREATING CUSTOM GROUPS
MANAGING CUSTOM GROUPS
REMOTE CONTROL
EDITING EXCLUSION LISTS ON A NETWORK
DISKEEPER JOB QUEUE
CONFIGURING DISKEEPER ADMINISTRATOR
19
19
20
20
20
20
22
23
24
25
26
27
27
29
30
31
31
32
32
33
33
34
35
35
36
36
36
37
37
38
39
39
40
40
40
40
41
41
42
43
43
43
43
44
44
45
OVERVIEW OF DISKEEPER FEATURES
47
WHAT’S NEW IN DISKEEPER 2009
DISKEEPER FEATURES
47
48
THEORY OF OPERATION
51
Contents
v
INTRODUCTION
DESIGN GOALS
51
51
TABLE OF DISKEEPER EDITIONS
53
ANSWERS TO FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
57
MENU OPTIONS
59
TROUBLESHOOTING
61
SUPPORT SERVICES
65
GLOSSARY
67
INDEX
77
Preface
vii
Preface
What This Book is About
Welcome to the Diskeeper Administrator User’s Manual. This book will first give you a quick look at the major
features in Diskeeper Administrator, then help you get it installed and running. Next, it describes the various
features in Diskeeper Administrator and how to use them. It also describes the key features available in the
Diskeeper Professional and Server editions. Finally, it defines disk fragmentation and its effect on your
Windows systems.
Structure of This Book

Chapter 1 gives a brief overview of Diskeeper Administrator.

Chapter 2 describes how to install Diskeeper Administrator.

Chapter 3 explains how to use the various features of Diskeeper Administrator.

Chapter 4 gives an overview of the features available in the Diskeeper Professional and Server editions.

Chapter 5 presents the theory of Diskeeper operation.

Appendix A has tables showing the different Diskeeper editions, and the operating systems, features and
capacities they support.

Appendix B tells you where to get answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Appendix C lists all the available menu options

Appendix D lists possible error messages and their causes

Appendix E explains how to contact your Diskeeper Corporation Customer Service Representative for
Support Services.

The Glossary provides definitions of terms used in this manual.
Introduction
The Diskeeper family of products includes Diskeeper Administrator. Diskeeper Administrator is not a
defragmenter, but an application that provides a single point of control by which you can centrally manage all
the Diskeeper versions 9.0 through 2009 installations on your network.
Diskeeper Administrator provides very flexible policy-based management of Diskeeper in a network
environment. Key to this control are these network administration features:

The PushInstall feature makes it easy to deploy Diskeeper to any supported computer on your network.
Need to install Diskeeper on a few hundred machines? Diskeeper Administrator can do it in a few mouse
clicks.

The Automatic Defrag Management feature makes sure that Diskeeper is automatically installed and
configured as you want it on any computers that are newly added to your network.

Controlling defragmentation operations is simple, whether you’re managing a handful of computers or
thousands network-wide. You can establish policies that dictate how Diskeeper runs on one or multiple
computers at a time.
viii

Preface
For ease of management, you can arrange the computers on your network into logical groups. Diskeeper
Administrator supports Microsoft Active Directory groups, or you can create your own customized
groups. For example, you can easily set up different defragmentation policies, reports or preferences for the
computers in the Finance department compared to those in Engineering—or deploy Diskeeper to all the
computers on the fourth floor.
P

Diskeeper Administrator provides a wealth of report and exception-based alert notification options detailing
the fragmentation on the computers across your network, and also collects performance and reliability data
that you can use to proactively maintain your systems.

The Updates and Upgrades module enables Diskeeper Administrator to detect and deploy Diskeeper
updates and upgrades to all your managed Diskeeper computers. Note that an update is a no-cost
incremental version of a specific Diskeeper version number (such as from version 2009 build 100 to version
2009 build 101). No additional Diskeeper licenses are necessary to update a Diskeeper installation. An
upgrade is a change from one major version number to another (such as from Diskeeper 2008 to Diskeeper
2009). You must own or purchase the appropriate Diskeeper license to upgrade a Diskeeper installation.

You can use Diskeeper Administrator Edition to remotely-control Diskeeper 9.0 through 2009 installations
on computers all over your network. Without ever leaving your desk, you can perform any Diskeeper task
as if you were sitting in front of the remote machine.
About Fragmentation
As used in this manual, the term disk fragmentation means two things:


a condition in which pieces of individual files on a disk volume are not contiguous, but rather are broken up
and scattered around the disk; and
a condition in which the free space on a disk volume consists of little pieces of space here and there rather
than a few large free spaces.
The effects of excessive fragmentation are twofold as well:


file access takes longer because a file must be collected in pieces here and there, requiring several disk
accesses instead of just one; and
file creations take longer because space for the file must be allocated in little pieces here and there instead
of just one contiguous allocation.
The bottom linefragmentation slows Windows system performance. The longer you wait to defragment your
disk volumes, the slower your computer runs.
With Diskeeper, all the volumes in a Windows operating system can be kept defragmented indefinitely.
Diskeeper cleans them up and keeps them that way. This includes volumes with compressed, encrypted and
sparse files on NTFS volumes.
Running either invisibly as a background process or as a manual defragmenter, Diskeeper carefully rearranges
files and free space on a disk volume so they consist of as few pieces as possible. Diskeeper runs when other
processes are active on the computer, so there is no need to lock users off a disk while it is being defragmented.
The end result: Your computer will run faster when Diskeeper is enabled.
Overview
1
Chapter 1
Overview of Diskeeper Administrator
Diskeeper introduced the concept of enterprise-wide defragmentation, and Diskeeper Administrator represents
the next generation of this technology. Diskeeper 2009 Administrator advances the concept of policy-based
centralized management of Diskeeper throughout your network.
With Diskeeper Administrator, you can install, control, and monitor Diskeeper on computers throughout your
network.
Here are the major features provided by Diskeeper Administrator:

Diskeeper Deployment — Install or uninstall Diskeeper Professional, Pro Premier , Server or
EnterpriseServer on selected computers throughout your network.

Logical Grouping Control — Supports Active Directory groups, or you can create custom logical groups
of systems on which to manage Diskeeper operations.

Policy-Based Centralized Management — Set and view Diskeeper defragmentation properties that
control how and when Diskeeper runs on selected computers on your network.

Automatic Defrag Management — Establish policies that ensure Diskeeper is installed and configured
automatically as new computers are added to your network, and adjust your Diskeeper license count as
needed when computers are removed from the network.

Single-Point Management of Diskeeper Licensing and Activation — Manage your Diskeeper licenses
and activation network-wide, from a single location.

Reports — Establish and view several Diskeeper reports showing information about selected computers on
your network.

Alerts — Get e-mail notification of critical issues regarding the condition of the disk volumes all through
your network.

Single Remote Computer Control — Connect directly to a remote system and have full control of
Diskeeper on that system.

Cross-Platform Support — Diskeeper Administrator runs on a variety of Windows operating system
platforms, from Windows XP through Windows Server 2008.
In a typical scenario, you would use Diskeeper Administrator to deploy Diskeeper Professional, Pro Premier,
Server, or EnterpriseServer to remote computers throughout your network. Then, you would optionally use
Diskeeper Administrator to establish policies that control the manner in which Diskeeper would run on those
computers. These remote computers can optionally be divided into groups—you can use your existing Active
Directory grouping structure or create your own custom groups. After establishing any desired defragmentation
policies, you can specify which alert messages you’d like to see, and how often you’d like to see them. At this
point, you’re done! Diskeeper will automatically handle the fragmentation throughout your network. At any time
thereafter, you can use Diskeeper Administrator to generate reports that allow you to easily check up on
Diskeeper operations network-wide—without ever leaving your desk!
Diskeeper Administrator consists of two main components — the Administrator Console and the Administrator
Database.

The Administrator Console is the ―control panel‖ by which you send commands to Diskeeper computers
throughout your network.
2

Overview
The Administrator Database component works in the background to collect and store the policies and
properties, logging, reports, alerts and other informational data for all the computers on your network with
valid Diskeeper licenses.
Remember Diskeeper Administrator is not a defragmenter. In order to defragment the computers(s) it is installed
on, it is necessary to also install Diskeeper on the machine(s).
Other Useful Information
In order to start using Diskeeper Administrator, it is necessary to first configure the Administrator Database.
This includes specifying whether to use an existing SQL Server 2005, SQL Server 2000 or Microsoft SQL
Server Desktop Engine (MSDE) database, or installing MSDE locally on the computer running Diskeeper
Administrator. If neither of these are installed on your computer, you will be prompted to download and install a
free version of MSDE from the Diskeeper Corporation web site. The database configuration also includes
naming the database, and specifying where it resides. See Configuring the Database page 13 for information
about configuring the Administrator Database.
To gather the Diskeeper data from remote machines, Diskeeper Administrator must use login credentials for an
account that is a member of the Administrators group on the domain or workgroup being polled. (This account
information is also used by the PushInstall feature described on page 17.) Diskeeper Administrator allows you to
use different login information for each domain on which you want to control remote Diskeeper installations.
See page 14 for more information about entering account information.
After Diskeeper Administrator has found the other Diskeeper installations on your network, it can then gather
any existing defragmentation-related data from the remote machines. It gathers post-defragmentation
performance and reliability information about each individual computer and stores that data in the Administrator
database. From then on, any time Diskeeper-related activity occurs on one of the remote computers, the
Diskeeper Administrator database is updated, so information about the condition of the remote computers is
always instantly available. You can view reports showing either the information currently in the database, or poll
specific Diskeeper computers for reports showing up-to-the-minute information (including data from computers
that have been temporarily off the network—such as laptop systems).
Installation
3
Chapter 2
Installing Diskeeper Administrator
This chapter provides information you need before, during, and after installing Diskeeper Administrator.
Before the Installation
Platforms and Windows Versions Supported
Diskeeper Administrator runs on the Intel® x86 platform (including Pentium™ and compatible CPUs from
other manufacturers) running Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, and Windows XP
(all editions except Home).
Additional Software Requirements
Diskeeper Administrator requires either SQL Server 2005, SQL Server 2000, or the Microsoft SQL Server
Desktop Engine (MSDE) to store Diskeeper-related information. The MSDE provides local data storage and is
based on the data engine used in Microsoft SQL Server 2000. It is provided on the Diskeeper Administrator CDROM, and is also available free of charge from the Diskeeper Corporation web site.
Diskeeper Administrator also relies on the Microsoft .NET 2.0 Framework. The .NET 2.0 Framework provides
the communication facilities necessary for the various Diskeeper Administrator components.
Note: The Diskeeper Administrator setup process will automatically install the .NET Framework on your
computer if needed.
Resource Requirements
The disk space requirements for Diskeeper Administrator depend on several factors. On most systems,
Diskeeper Administrator will need about 86 megabytes or less. Allow up to 450 MB of extra free space for
temporary files during the installation. If the Microsoft .NET Framework is not installed on your computer, this
requires approximately 70 MB of additional disk space. Further, your system may require a new or updated
version of the Microsoft Management Console (less than 6 MB). Finally, if Internet Explorer is not present on
your computer, some other needed files (hhupd.exe, 50comupd.exe, and wintdist.exe) may be added.
If you install the MSDE when you first configure the Diskeeper Administrator database, it initially requires less
than 70 MB of disk space, although as the database grows, the additional disk space requirements will increase.
Also, the MSDE uses the Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC), which will require approximately 26
additional MB of disk space if not already present on your system.
A Note About Firewalls
As a normal part of its operation, Diskeeper Administrator acts as a server on your network. If you are running a
hardware or software firewall, you may see messages indicating Diskeeper Administrator is trying to act as a
server. These messages are expected; you can safely allow these events.
4
Installation
You may also be notified that Diskeeper Administrator is trying to access the Internet. It is important to note that
Diskeeper Administrator does not access the Internet (except when you specifically use the Check for Updates
feature), but it does use Windows mechanisms that may trigger these alerts from your firewall. Again, these
messages are expected and you can safely allow the events.
Installation Procedure—The Short Version
The Diskeeper Administrator installation is typically fast and simple. Here are the basic steps:
Note: Make sure you are logged onto an account that is a member of the Administrators group.
1.
Double-click the Diskeeper Administrator installation file you downloaded from the Web.
2.
Follow the screens displayed, answering the questions asked as prompted.
That’s it! It would still be a good idea to read ―After the Installation‖ on page 5, but you’re done with the
installation.
Installation Procedure—The Details
Installation Overview
Diskeeper Administrator is installed by the SETUP.EXE program supplied on the Diskeeper CD-ROM (or
within the installation package, in the case of a downloaded version). The SETUP.EXE program:





Confirms that you have Administrator privileges.
Determines which Windows version you are running.
Checks for sufficient space on the disk for the installation.
Detects and removes any previously installed Diskeeper Administrator software.
Copies the necessary files to the destination directories, updates the Windows registry, starts the Diskeeper
Administrator service, and creates a link in the Windows Start menu for Diskeeper Administrator.
Installation Procedure
Diskeeper Administrator is installed from an installation package downloaded from the Web. Before you start
the installation, please note the following:

You must be logged into an account that is a member of the Administrators group to install Diskeeper
Administrator.
Follow these steps to install Diskeeper Administrator:
1.
Navigate to and double-click the Diskeeper Administrator installation package you downloaded. This will
start the installation wizard.
2.
Click Next when the welcome message appears.
3.
After you have read and accepted the license agreement, click Next to continue.
4.
You can choose a different disk volume or directory for the installation. Click Change and navigate to the
location where you want the files for Diskeeper Administrator installed.
5.
After making any desired changes to the file destinations, click Next to accept your changes. If any
directory you specified does not exist, a new directory will be created.
Installation
5
6.
After the Diskeeper Administrator files have been copied to your system, you may be presented with the
opportunity to register Diskeeper Administrator online.
7.
You can immediately start Diskeeper Administrator by clicking Finish.
8.
To run Diskeeper Administrator, click the Windows Start button, select Programs, and then Diskeeper
Administrator.
After the Installation
Registering Diskeeper Administrator
After the installation is complete, you may be given the option to register your Diskeeper Administrator
purchase online. Be sure to register your purchase to receive the free 90 days of telephone support included with
Diskeeper Administrator.
Check for Product Update
The first time you run Diskeeper Administrator, it automatically checks to see if a more recent version of
Diskeeper Administrator is available. If so, you are given the option to download and install the newer version.
When the download screen is displayed, click Run this program from its current location to begin installing
the update. Or, click Save this program to disk to save the Diskeeper Administrator update installation
package on your computer for later installation. (To install an update stored on your computer in this manner,
simply double-click the file you download and follow the instructions displayed.)
You can check for Diskeeper Administrator updates any time you want. Select the Configure Diskeeper
Administrator option under the Configure task group in the Quick Launch task pane and choose Diskeeper
Administrator Properties
. From the Properties Console, select the Diskeeper Administrator Updates
option on the left to see if a newer version of Diskeeper is available.
About Windows Service Packs
There is typically no need to upgrade Diskeeper Administrator each time you install a new Windows Service
Pack upgrade.
Important Note: Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2) establishes default security settings that can prevent
Diskeeper Administrator from communicating with Diskeeper computers throughout your network. Be sure to
visit http://www.diskeeper.com/sp2 information about configuring your Windows XP SP2 computers to run
Diskeeper Administrator and Diskeeper.
About the Diskeeper Administrator Service
Diskeeper Administrator creates a Windows service. The service allows the Administrator Data Controller to
run in the background while other applications are running. As long as your operating system is up and running,
Diskeeper Administrator can do its job, whether you are logged on or not.
After installation, the Diskeeper Administrator service starts automatically each time your computer is restarted.
This service runs all the time, whether or not any Diskeeper Administrator actions are occurring. This service
consumes negligible system resources, and in most cases will never need to be disabled.
6
Installation
The Windows Application Event Log
Diskeeper Administrator messages are placed in the Windows Application Event Log. By default, this log is 512
kilobytes in size (except on Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008), and is set to overwrite events
older than 7 days. Diskeeper Administrator may quickly fill the log file if these default settings are used. To
prevent this, perform the following steps to change the size and overwriting characteristics of the Application
Event Log:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Right-click My Computer on your desktop and select Manage.
When the Computer Management Console is displayed, select System Tools, and then Event Viewer.
Expand the Event Viewer by double-clicking it and select Application.
Next, click the Actions menu and select Properties.
a) Set the Maximum log size to 2048 KB.
b) Enable the Overwrite events as needed option.
c) Click OK.
Repairing Windows Systems
Performing an emergency repair, upgrade or reinstallation of a Windows system can possibly change or disable
certain system information or services, which may make it necessary to reinstall Diskeeper Administrator after
repairing your Windows system.
Uninstalling Diskeeper Administrator
To uninstall Diskeeper Administrator, you must be logged into an account that is a member of the
Administrators group.
Note that the controls may have slightly different names, depending on the version of Windows.
Follow these steps to completely remove and uninstall Diskeeper Administrator from your computer:
1.
From the Control Panel, double-click Add/Remove Programs.
2.
Highlight the Diskeeper Administrator entry.
3.
Click Remove. This removes the Diskeeper Administrator program files from your computer. In most
cases, the Diskeeper Administrator installation directories will not be removed.
4.
Manually delete the Diskeeper Administrator installation directories if they exist.
Note: Any data or installation files stored by the Administrator Data Controller are not removed when you
uninstall Diskeeper Administrator (in the event you are planning to reinstall Diskeeper Administrator). Manually
delete these files if they are no longer needed.
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
7
Chapter 3
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
This chapter describes the features available with Diskeeper Administrator, and what you can do with them.
Using the Diskeeper Administrator Console
Navigation in Diskeeper Administrator is done through the Diskeeper Administrator console. This console
provides a convenient central location to start all Diskeeper Administrator tasks and view reports.
Some Diskeeper Administrator tasks are performed in separate ―Wizard‖ windows. These wizards guide you
through the steps necessary to perform that particular task. The layout of the wizards is similar to the main
Diskeeper Administrator console, and like the main console, the information and options displayed differs
depending on the task.
The Diskeeper Administrator console and various wizards were designed to guide you through all of the
available tasks quickly and easily. If any information or variables are required for a task, Diskeeper
Administrator takes you to the appropriate page and prompts you for the necessary input.
Common operations, such as scheduling a task, are presented in a consistent manner—scheduling a report scan
is done the same way as scheduling a Diskeeper deployment operation. Because of this, you will see similar
screens as you use the different the Diskeeper Administrator modules.
8
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
Although the information displayed differs depending on the task you are performing, this example shows a
typical view of the main console:
Menu Bar
Toolbar
Quick
Launch
Task
Menu
Description
Area
Information
Area
Actions
(shown when
applicable)
Properties
(shown when
applicable)
Here are brief descriptions of the different sections of the Diskeeper Administrator console:
Toolbar
The Toolbar at the top of the display allows you to select common Diskeeper Administrator tasks, grouped into
these main categories:
Getting Started – Includes the Task Overview, which provides a graphic representation of the
recommended tasks, and how they relate to each other. Also includes an overview of Diskeeper Administrator,
answers to Frequently Asked Questions, and easy access to the Diskeeper Administrator Help system.
Manage Diskeeper – This group includes tasks to manage Diskeeper computers and groups, install and
uninstall Diskeeper, configure defragmentation properties, and manage your Diskeeper licenses.
Reports and Alerts – Includes a variety of reporting options, as well as exception-based alerts triggered
by events that could affect the performance and reliability of your computers.
Diskeeper Job Queue – View information about pending, running, or completed Diskeeper jobs.
Configure – View and modify Diskeeper Administrator settings.
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
9
Menu Bar
The menu bar of the display offers a menu-based (and keyboard-accessible) path to all of the different Diskeeper
Administrator tasks and features. See Menu Options on page 59 for a listing of all the menu options available.
Quick Launch Task Pane
The Quick Launch task pane mirrors the options available via the toolbar, providing another convenient way to
start any Diskeeper Administrator task.
Description Area
This section of the display gives a brief description of the page displayed, telling you what it does and what you
need to do.
Information Area
This is where the various Diskeeper Administrator tasks display requested information, and where you can
initiate tasks based on the information displayed. Here you can select the computers you want to manage, select
available task actions, make policy changes, and display reports. Many of the screens shown in the work area
also include Actions and/or Properties buttons, which give you options that are related to the current task.
Action and Properties Buttons—These buttons provide quick access to a wide variety of available options. They
are displayed when there are applicable options for the tasks you are performing, and the options available vary
by task. Since these buttons are only displayed for options where they are applicable, at times they will not be
displayed.
Other Navigational Tips
You will notice Diskeeper Administrator uses several methods for getting your input or displaying information
that are consistent from one task to another. For example, selecting computers for a Diskeeper deployment task
is done in the same manner as selecting computers from which to generate reports. Or, filtering the data within
the different Diskeeper Administrator reports is done in the same way for each report type. This section briefly
describes some tips for using this consistency to your advantage.
Selecting Computers
Many Diskeeper Administrator tasks—such as creating reports or deploying Diskeeper—include a page for you
to select computers on which you want to perform the task. You can choose between two different views of your
network hierarchy: a tree view or a detail view.
Here is an example of the tree view:
10
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
Navigating the tree view is done in a manner very similar to other Windows-based applications like Windows
Explorer.
Click the plus sign
in the tree to expand a branch, or click the minus sign
to collapse the branch.
Click the View drop-down list to include custom groups, domains, Active Directory Organizational Units, or
computers grouped by IP address range:
View
drop-down
list
Click the Tree/Detail view option
to switch between the tree view and the detail view:
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
11
Tree/Detail
view option
Here is an example of the Detail view:
Navigation
Buttons
Use the navigation buttons to move back, forward, and up through your network hierarchy to the desired
computers.
In either view, you select a computer by clicking on it. To select more than one computer, hold the <Ctrl> key
while clicking on the computers you want to select.
After selecting the desired computers or groups, use the Actions and Properties buttons (when displayed) to
perform a wide variety of tasks on the selected computers.
If you choose to display computers by IP address range, a page is displayed allowing you to provide the starting
and ending IP addresses for the range you want to display. See the following section for more information about
specifying an IP address range.
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Diskeeper Administrator Operation
Specifying an IP Address Range
When you select Add IP Addresses from the Action option at the bottom of either the Tree or Detail computer
views, you can view a specific group of computers by entering an Internet Protocol (IP) address range. If you
enter an address in only the IP Address Start field, only the computer with that IP address is included. If you
specify an end address, all computers between the start and end addresses are included.
If the IP range covers multiple domains, you must enter the trusted domain name in the Domain field. When one
domain ―trusts‖ another, the user name and password defined in the ―trusted‖ domain can be used for
authentication and authorization in the ―trusting‖ domain(s).
Additionally, if you want to indicate a mask used to determine the subnet an IP address belongs to, you can do
so on this page.
Follow these steps to enter an IP address range:
1.
In the Domain field, enter the name of the domain containing the machine(s) with the IP address or IP
address range you want to enter.
2.
You can include a single computer by entering an address in the IP Address Start field only.
3.
If you select the option to Specify End IP Address and enter an address, all computers with IP addresses
falling within the range are included.
4.
If you want to indicate the mask used to determine what subnet an IP address belongs to, select the Specify
IP Mask option and enter the mask in the accompanying field.
Filtering Reports
Grids in the various Diskeeper Administrator displays feature ―Quick Filtering.‖ Quick Filtering allows you to
quickly and easily display only the information you want to see in the grid. Click the down arrow at the top of
any column and choose filtering options to determine what displays in the entire grid.
When you select an item, only that item appears in the grid. When you select ―(none)‖ no filtering is applied and
all items appear in the grid.
When you select ―(custom)‖ the Custom Row Filter screen appears so you can build a custom filter statement to
determine the information that appears in the grid.
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
13
First Things First
Before using Diskeeper Administrator for the first time, there are several steps you should take.
Configuring the Database
Diskeeper Administrator relies on a database of Diskeeper-related information gathered from remote computers
across your network. Before using Diskeeper Administrator for the first time, you must configure the database.
You can also change the database configuration later with the Diskeeper Administrator Database
Configuration Wizard option available from the Configure task in the Quick Launch pane or Diskeeper
Administrator menu bar.
There are several steps involved in configuring the Diskeeper Administrator database. The entire process is
explained on-screen as you go through the configuration process.
Click Configure Database
in the Diskeeper Administrator Task Overview under Getting Started in the
Quick Launch task pane to open the Configure Database Wizard, which guides you through the configuration
process.
Here is a summary of the steps:
Specifying whether to use Microsoft SQL Server or MSDE
As the first step of configuring the Diskeeper Administrator database, you must specify whether to use
Microsoft SQL Server 2005, Microsoft SQL Server 2000 or the Microsoft SQL Server Desktop Engine
(MSDE) for the Diskeeper Administrator database.
The MSDE provides local data storage and is based on the data engine used in Microsoft SQL Server 2000.
It is provided on the Diskeeper Administrator CD-ROM, and is also available free of charge from the
Diskeeper Corporation web site.
Specifying the database server location
If you opt to use an existing database, the next step in the database configuration task is to specify which
computer you want to use as the database server for Diskeeper Administrator. The Database Servers: dropdown list shows you the database servers detected on your network by Diskeeper Administrator.
Also as part of this step, you have the option of using your Windows login authentication to access the
Diskeeper Administrator database, or you can enter your SQL Server authentication login name and
14
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
password. Note that if the SQL database is not in the same domain as the instance of Diskeeper
Administrator you are running, you must use the SQL Server authentication method.
Specifying whether to use a new or existing database
This step allows you to specify whether to use a new or an existing database. You can also configure more
than one database as long as you give each database a unique name.
Specifying the database information
During this step you specify the directory folder where you want the Diskeeper Administrator database to
reside. You will also specify the maximum size for the database and optionally specify a name for the
database.
Note that you cannot create a directory on a remote server from this task. We recommend you create a
C:\Diskeeper Administrator directory folder on the remote server for the Diskeeper Administrator database.
Update Legacy Database
This step is only displayed in cases where you have chosen to use an existing Diskeeper Administrator
database from an earlier version if Diskeeper Administrator. This step will update the older database to be
compatible with Diskeeper 2009 Administrator .
Summary
The final screen displayed in the Database Configuration Wizard confirms the successful configuration of
your Diskeeper Administrator database.
Setting Up Administrative Permissions
In order to gather the Diskeeper data from remote machines, Diskeeper Administrator must use login credentials
for an account that is a member of the Administrators group on the domain or workgroup being polled. (This
account information is also used by the Diskeeper Deployment feature described on page 15.) Diskeeper
Administrator allows you to use different login information for each domain or workgroup on which you want to
perform remote Diskeeper installations.
If you have not already specified login credentials, you will be prompted to do so the first time you initiate a
Diskeeper Administrator task requiring it.
You can change previously-entered account information at any time by following these steps:
1.
Click Configure
in the toolbar to display the Configure task group, select Diskeeper Administrator
Properties, then select Administrative Permissions from the task pane on the left.
2.
Highlight the domain(s) or workgroup(s) for which you want to specify login credentials.
3.
In the Type column, click the drop-down menu and select either Domain, Workgroup, or Local Admin,
depending on the type of account you are using to access the selected domain(s) or workgroup(s).
4.
Click the User Name field and enter the user name for an account that is a member of the Administrators
group on the selected domain or workgroup.
5.
Click the Password field and enter the password for the account entered in the previous step.
6.
If you are using a Domain account (as opposed to a Workgroup or Local Admin account), you can
optionally click the button in the Verify Account column to check the validity of the user name and
password you have entered.
7.
Click OK. When you click OK, the login credentials are verified on each domain or workgroup. A message
is displayed if any of the verification processes fail.
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
15
Ports Used by Diskeeper Administrator
In order to deploy Diskeeper and remotely control Diskeeper computers with Diskeeper Administrator, the
computers running Diskeeper must be configured to allow Diskeeper Administrator to communicate via these
ports:

Diskeeper Administrator PushInstall port: 31029 — Diskeeper Administrator uses this port to deploy
Diskeeper to remote computers.

Diskeeper Administrator console port: 31036 — Diskeeper Administrator remote control console receives
data from remote Diskeeper computers via this port.

Diskeeper Administrator management port: 31037 — Diskeeper Administrator uses this port communicate
with Diskeeper on remote computers after the PushInstall process.

Spare Diskeeper Administrator console ports: 31056, 31076, 31096, 31116, 31136, 31156, 31176, 31196,
and 31216 — Diskeeper Administrator will use these ports if the default ports are unavailable.

Diskeeper Administrator SQL port: 1434 — Diskeeper Administrator uses this port if the SQL database is
located on a remote computer.
In addition, these ports must be opened on any remote computers being managed by Diskeeper Administrator to
allow the communication necessary between the remote computer and Diskeeper Administrator:

Port 139 or 445 (already open if File and Print Sharing is enabled) — These ports work with port 31029 for
Diskeeper deployment.

Port 31038 or 31058 — These ports work with port 31037 for communication between Diskeeper and
Diskeeper Administrator.
Getting Started Display
After you have configured the Diskeeper Administrator database, the Getting Started task overview is displayed.
You can also display this page at any time by clicking Getting Started
starting point for the primary Diskeeper Administrator operations.
in the toolbar. This is a central
16
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
Toolbar
Task
Menu
This page is divided into three distinct sections:
Setup Section

Use the Configure Database task to launch the Diskeeper Administrator Database Configuration Wizard,
which will guide you through the necessary steps for the initial database configuration, or to make changes
to a previously-set configuration.

Use the Configure Diskeeper Administrator task to launch the Configure Diskeeper Administrator
properties page to view and edit the Diskeeper Administrator configuration settings. Once specified, most
Diskeeper Administrator configuration settings need no additional action.
Network Install Section
The Network Install section is divided into two parts: One for installing Diskeeper on remote computers using
Automatic Defrag Management with defragmentation and deployment policies, and another for installing
Diskeeper on a one-time basis on remote computers. These are the tasks provided in the Remote Install section:

Use the Add License Files task to add Diskeeper licenses to the Diskeeper Administrator database for use
with Diskeeper installations throughout your network. A license is required for each instance of Diskeeper
on your network unless you install Diskeeper in Try and Buy mode—a fully functional 30-day trial.

Use the Create Defragmentation Policies task to establish and save different defragmentation policies for
your computers or groups. After the policies are created, you can then deploy them via central management
to your Diskeeper computers.

Use the Create Deployment Policies task to establish and save different deployment policies for your
computers or groups. These policies are used to specify how and when Diskeeper is deployed to your
remote computers.

Use the Install Diskeeper Using Policies task to use Automatic Defrag Management and automatically
deploy and configure Diskeeper on remote computers dynamically as they are added to your network.
Diskeeper Administrator Operation

17
Use the Install Diskeeper One Time task to PushInstall Diskeeper to remote computers throughout your
network on a one-time basis.
Management Section

Use the Scan Computers task to scan your network and gather data from your remote Diskeeper computers
for use in the Diskeeper Administrator database. In order to have meaningful data, you can run a one-time
scan now or at a later time, or schedule recurring scans. After the initial scan, the database is updated each
time a Diskeeper-related task or job occurs.

Use the Create Reports task to launch the New Report Wizard and create a report. Diskeeper
Administrator Reports show useful information about the computers on your network, the versions of
Diskeeper installed on them, and a variety of other data related to the performance and reliability of your
computers.

Use the Configure Alerts task to configure the thresholds at which Diskeeper Administrator Alerts are
triggered, and customize the list of recipients and the message they receive with the alert. Diskeeper
Administrator Alerts are sent when exception-based events occur that could affect the performance and
reliability of your computers.

Use the Remote Control Diskeeper task to connect to an individual Diskeeper computer and control
Diskeeper on it as if you sitting in front of that computer. You can perform any Diskeeper operations on that
computer in the same manner as running Diskeeper on a local computer.
Scanning the Network
Diskeeper Administrator can scan your network to gather information about Diskeeper installations and
properties network-wide. By scanning the network, you will increase the accuracy ease of use of the other
Diskeeper Administrator tasks and features. You can choose to scan all your computers or a selected subset.
You can run a one-time scan, or schedule recurring scans.
Network scans are done via the Scan Computers Wizard. Follow these steps to use the Scan Computers Wizard
to scan one or any number of remote computers:
1.
Click Scan Computers in the Diskeeper Administrator Task Overview under Getting Started in the Quick
Launch task pane. (Or you can select the Scan Computers option in the Manage Diskeeper task, then
click Scan Computers.) This opens the Scan Computers Wizard in a separate window.
2.
In the introduction screen displayed, enter an optional name and description for the network scan job. The
details of the network scan will be displayed in the Diskeeper Administrator Job Queue, so having a
recognizable job name and description can be useful. When you have made your selections, click Next.
3.
The next screen displays a tree view of your network. (You can also switch to a Detail view as described on
page 9.) Select any combination of one or more computers, groups or domains you want to scan. After
selecting the computers to scan, click Next.
4.
Since scanning a large number of computers across the network can take some time and use network
bandwidth, you are next given the option to schedule the network scan task for a later time, or perform it
now. If you select to schedule the task for a later time, you are prompted to specify when the task is to
begin. You can also specify a time for the task to be stopped, even if it has not yet completed. This gives
you the flexibility to perform the task at a time when network bandwidth will not be impacted. Choose when
to scan the network, and click Next.
5.
Next, a summary is displayed, showing you the ongoing status of the network scan task. When the task is
complete, the summary is automatically saved in the Diskeeper Administrator Job Queue, along with other
similar reports. See page 44 for more information about the Job Queue. When you are done reviewing the
report, or when you are ready to perform another task, click Close.
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Diskeeper Administrator Operation
Deploying Diskeeper
Use the Install and Uninstall Diskeeper task (under Manage Diskeeper in the Quick Launch pane) to install or
uninstall Diskeeper Professional, Pro Premier, Server, or EnterpriseServer on selected computers across your
network. Be aware that you must have valid Diskeeper licenses for the computers on which you intend to install
Diskeeper. If you do not have licenses available, Diskeeper will be installed in Try and Buy mode, with full
functionality, but for a limited time only.
Note: Automatic Defrag Management can automate the deployment and configuration of Diskeeper on new (or
mobile) computers as they join the network. See page 33for more information about Automatic Defrag
Management.
Note that you must have administrative permissions on all the selected computers to deploy Diskeeper. If
necessary, you will be prompted for the appropriate credentials.
Also note that the deployment operation requires the presence of a shared folder named ADMIN$ on each of the
target computers. The ADMIN$ share exists by default on Windows systems, unless it has been specifically
disabled or removed. See page 20 for information about determining if the ADMIN$ share exists on your
computer(s)
The Install and Uninstall Diskeeper task establishes a network connection with the selected machines, then
installs the selected Diskeeper edition to those computers. It relies on having the installable Diskeeper
package(s) available to be installed. The first time you deploy Diskeeper, you are prompted to browse for the
installation package you intend to use. You can use either a CD-ROM or downloaded installation package. Once
you choose the Setup.exe file, the installation package is copied to the Administrator database. If you have
previously selected an installation package, the Install Diskeeper 2009 wizard will display the edition and
version of the package, and allow you to browse for a different package if desired.
If you try to deploy a Diskeeper version that is not compatible with the target machine, a message explaining the
situation is displayed. Messages are also displayed to let you know the status of the installations.
Diskeeper installation is performed as a ―job‖, meaning the operation can be run immediately or scheduled to
run at a later time
Installing Diskeeper Across the Network
Follow these steps to use the Install Diskeeper 2009 Wizard to deploy Diskeeper to one or a few hundred remote
computers:
1.
Click Install Diskeeper in the Diskeeper Administrator Task Overview under Getting Started in the Quick
Launch task pane. (Or you can select the option to install Diskeeper in the Manage Diskeeper task, then
click Next.) This opens the Install Diskeeper 2009 Wizard in a separate window.
2.
In the introduction screen displayed, enter an optional name and description for the deployment job. The
details of the installation job will be displayed in the Diskeeper Administrator Job Queue, so having a
recognizable job name and description can be useful. When you have made your selections, click Next.
3.
In the next screen displayed, select the Diskeeper edition you want to install on your computers, and select
the installation file to use. You can choose to download and install the latest build of the selected Diskeeper
edition, or click Browse to navigate to and specify an existing Diskeeper installation file in a shared
network folder or CD-ROM. Select from these options and click Next.
4.
Next, you are given options to allow each instance of Diskeeper to activate silently and automatically
(which requires the remote computers to have Internet access), or to use Diskeeper Administrator as a proxy
activation server, allowing it to activate computers that do not have Internet access.
5.
The next screen shows the number of licenses available for the selected Diskeeper edition, and displays a
tree view of your network. (You can also switch to a Detail view as described on page 9.) Select any
combination of one or more computers, groups or domains on which you want to install Diskeeper. After
selecting the computers on which to install Diskeeper, click Next.
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
19
6.
Next, you are given the opportunity to select a defragmentation policy to apply to the Diskeeper installation
job. Select from any of the policies displayed. You can modify an existing defragmentation policy by
clicking Properties, or click Actions and select the option to create a new policy. After selecting the
defragmentation policy, click Next.
7.
In the next screen displayed, specify whether to install Diskeeper in the default location
(%SYSTEMROOT%:\Program Files\Diskeeper Corporation\Diskeeper) or a folder location you specify.
Note that Diskeeper Administrator will append any location you specify with \Diskeeper
Corporation\Diskeeper. After making any selections, click Next.
8.
Since installing Diskeeper on a large number of computers across the network can take some time and use
network bandwidth, you are next given the option to schedule the Diskeeper deployment task for a later
time, or perform it now. If you select to schedule the task for a later time, you are prompted to specify when
the task is to begin. You can also specify a time for the task to be stopped, even if it has not yet completed.
This gives you the flexibility to perform the task at a time when network bandwidth will not be impacted.
Choose when to perform the installation job, and click Next.
9.
Next, a summary is displayed, showing you the ongoing status of the Diskeeper installation task. When the
task is complete, the summary is automatically saved in the Diskeeper Administrator Job Queue, along with
other similar reports. See page 44 for more information about the Job Queue. When you are done reviewing
the report, or when you are ready to perform another task, click Close.
Uninstalling Diskeeper Across the Network
Using the Install and Uninstall Diskeeper to uninstall Diskeeper from remote machines is easy. The uninstaller
will remove any version of Diskeeper (Professional or Server) from the computers you select.
Follow these steps to uninstall Diskeeper from one or more computers:
1.
Click Manage Diskeeper in the Quick Launch task pane, then select Install and Uninstall Diskeeper.
2.
In the next screen displayed, select Uninstall Diskeeper from Computers. This opens the Uninstall
Diskeeper 2009 wizard in a separate window.
3.
In the introduction screen displayed, enter an optional name and description for the uninstallation job. The
details of the job will be displayed in the Diskeeper Administrator Job Queue, so having a recognizable job
name and description can be useful. When you have made your selections, click Next.
4.
In the tree view that is displayed next, select any combination of one or more computers, groups or domains
from which you want to uninstall Diskeeper. (You can also switch to a Detail view as described on page 9.)
After selecting the computers, click Next.
5.
Since uninstalling Diskeeper on a large number of computers across the network can take some time and
use network bandwidth, you are next given the option to schedule the task for a later time, or perform it
now. If you select to schedule the task for a later time, you are prompted to specify when the task is to
begin. You can also specify a time for the task to be stopped, even if it has not yet completed. This gives
you the flexibility to perform the task at a time when network bandwidth will not be impacted. Choose when
to perform the uninstallation job, and click Next.
6.
After specifying when to perform the uninstall task, a summary is displayed, showing you the ongoing status
of the task. When the task is complete, the summary is automatically saved in the Diskeeper Administrator
Job Queue, along with other similar reports. See page 44 for more information about the Job Queue. When
you are done reviewing the report, or when you are ready to perform another task, click Close.
Stopping a Diskeeper Installation Operation
Follow these steps to stop an ongoing Diskeeper installation or uninstallation task:
1.
In the Quick Launch task pane, click Job Queue. This will display a listing of Diskeeper Administrator
tasks that are completed, currently running, or pending.
20
2.
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
Select the currently-running or pending installation (or uninstallation) task, click Actions, and select Stop.
Note: This option only stops any installation or uninstallation operations that are in progress or pending. It does
not ―roll back‖ installations that have already been done.
About the ADMIN$ Share
The Diskeeper Administrator PushInstall feature relies on a shared folder named ADMIN$ on each of the target
computers. The ADMIN$ share exists by default on Windows systems, unless it has been specifically disabled.
Here are two ways to check for the presence of the ADMIN$ share on your computers:

Open Windows Explorer and enter \\computer_name\ADMIN$ in the Address field (where
computer_name is the name of the computer you are checking). If the share does not exist, an error message
will be displayed. If it does exist, the contents of the WINNT folder will be shown.

Right-click My Computer and select Manage to open the Windows Computer Management applet. Next,
select System Tools | Shared Folders | Shares. The right-hand pane will display a list of all shares for that
computer, including ADMIN$ if it exists.
If the ADMIN$ share has been removed or disabled on your computer, contact Diskeeper Corporation Technical
Support for assistance.
Updates and Upgrades
In addition to installing Diskeeper across your network, Diskeeper Administrator can check the Diskeeper
Corporation website for newer versions of Diskeeper, and when found, deploy the new versions to your
managed Diskeeper computers.
You can set Diskeeper Administrator to check daily for updates, and send an e-mail message or display a
desktop notification message to inform you when updates are available. You can also manually check for
updates any time you want.
There are several steps involved in updating or upgrading Diskeeper on your remote computers. The entire
process is explained on-screen as you go through the steps.
Update and Upgrade  What’s the Difference?
Before we start, it is important to understand the difference between updates and upgrades:

Updates are no-cost incremental versions of Diskeeper, based on a common version number. For example,
version 2009 build 101 would be an update from 2009 build 100. No additional Diskeeper licenses (beyond
those currently in use) are required to deploy a Diskeeper update.

Upgrades are changes from one major version number to the next (such as from version 2009 to version
2009) You must own or purchase the appropriate Diskeeper license to upgrade a Diskeeper installation.
Update or Upgrade Step-By-Step
The steps for installing Diskeeper updates or upgrades are similar to deploying new Diskeeper installations. You
select the computers you want to update or upgrade, select several other parameters, then let Diskeeper
Administrator perform the task unattended.
For both updates and upgrades, the starting point is the Install and Uninstall Diskeeper
task under
Manage Diskeeper in the Quick Launch task pane or the Diskeeper Administrator menu bar. Select this task
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
21
and choose either the Update Diskeeper or the Upgrade Diskeeper options to launch a wizard-based series of
steps to guide you through the update or upgrade operation. After starting the appropriate wizard, follow the
steps displayed to either update or upgrade one or more Diskeeper installations. These steps are described in the
following sections.
Introduction
The Introduction page of the Update Diskeeper Wizard (or the Upgrade Diskeeper Wizard) provides spaces for
you to enter an optional name and description for the update or upgrade job. The details of the job will be
displayed in the Diskeeper Administrator Job Queue, so having a recognizable job name and description can be
useful. Make any desired changes, then click Next.
Select Computers
This page of the wizard displays a tree view of your network. (You can also switch to a Detail view as described
on page 9.) Select any combination of one or more computers, groups or domains on which you want to install
the update or upgrade. After selecting the computers on which to install Diskeeper, click Next.
Select Data Source
Before performing any update or upgrade task, Diskeeper Administrator must determine what versions of
Diskeeper are running on your remote managed computers. It can do this by either scanning the computers now,
or using previously-collected data stored in the Diskeeper Administrator database.

Using ―live‖ data ensures you are basing the update or upgrade on the most currently-available data.
However, a live data scan can take a considerable length of time on a large network. Also, a ―live‖ data scan
will not take into account any remote managed computers that happen to be off-line at the time of the data
scan (such as notebook or laptop computers).

Using data from the Diskeeper Administrator database is typically faster than using live data, but keep in
mind that it is only as current as the database. This database is updated whenever Diskeeper-related changes
occur on your remote managed computers. However, this data may not be current if the Diskeeper
Administrator database has been off-line for any length of time. When database data is used, any remote
managed computers (notebook or laptop computers) that happen to be off-line at the time of the data scan
will still be taken into account, since in most cases the database contains the most recent information about
the Diskeeper version on those computers.
After selecting the data source, click Next to continue.
Select Version
This page of the wizard shows the Diskeeper versions available, and allows you to specify the Diskeeper version
you want to deploy.
The Select Computers and Upgrades page of the Update and Upgrade module lists the computers you have
selected to update, and shows this information about each:

Domain Name

Computer Name

Operating System

Diskeeper Edition

Current Version

Selected Version
The Current Version column shows the Diskeeper version that is currently installed on the remote computer.
The Selected Version column contains a drop-down list of available Diskeeper versions. Use this drop-down
list to select the Diskeeper version you want to install on each selected computer.
22
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
If you are installing an upgrade, you will also see a table showing the type and number of Diskeeper licenses you
have available for deployment. For each type of license available, the table shows:

Diskeeper Edition

Combined License Count (includes volume and retail licenses)

Number of Licenses Used

Number of Licenses Available
Schedule Deployment
Since deploying Diskeeper updates or upgrades to a large number of computers across the network can take
some time and use network bandwidth, the Update and Upgrade module gives you the option to schedule the
deployment task for a later time, or perform it now.
If you select to schedule the task for a later time, use the controls provided to specify when the task is to begin.
You can also specify a time for the task to be stopped, even if it has not yet completed. This gives you the
flexibility to perform the update or upgrade deployment at a time when network bandwidth will not be impacted.
Make your selections and click Next.
Summary
Deployment to each individual computer is considered a ―job‖, so deployment to many computers could consist
of many jobs. The Update and Upgrade Summary shows the progress of the individual jobs that make up the
update or upgrade deployment task. As the jobs progress, you can see this information:

Domain

Computer Name

Job Status

Description

Time the job started
When you are done reviewing the report, or when you are ready to perform another task, click Close. Keep in
mind that you can also see current and historical information about the update or upgrade tasks in the Diskeeper
Job Queues. See page 44 for more information about the Job Queues.
Managing Diskeeper Software Licensing
Your Diskeeper licenses are stored in the Diskeeper Administrator database, and assigned to remote computers
as needed. The Manage Diskeeper Software Licensing module gives you complete control over the distribution
and use of your Diskeeper licenses. You can easily see the number and types of licenses in use and how many
are available. You can also convert Try and Buy licenses into full licenses (or full licenses into trialware) or
purchase additional licenses online, all from a single location.
The Manage Diskeeper Software Licensing module can detect and manage existing Diskeeper licenses on your
network. It is also used by the PushInstall deployment option to manage the licenses of the Diskeeper
installations done by this instance of Diskeeper Administrator.
To open the Manage Diskeeper Software Licensing module, click Manage Diskeeper in the Quick Launch task
pane and select Manage Diskeeper Software Licensing
. This displays the License Usage Report, and a
table showing specific licenses you have added to the Diskeeper Administrator database. (See the following
sections for more information about adding Diskeeper licenses.)
The License Usage report includes this information:
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
23

Edition – The Diskeeper edition, such as Professional, Pro Premier, Server, or EnterpriseServer

Version – The major version number

Full – The count of full Diskeeper licenses for this Diskeeper edition and version

Upgrade – The count of upgrade Diskeeper licenses for this Diskeeper edition and version

Combined – The full and upgrade license counts combined

Available – The total number of licenses available for this Diskeeper edition and version

Used – The total number of licenses used for this Diskeeper edition and version

Retail Count – The count of licenses detected by Diskeeper Administrator on computers where Diskeeper
was installed independently of Diskeeper Administrator.

Trial Count – The number of Try and Buy trialware licenses detected by Diskeeper Administrator
The Licenses table includes this information:

License Number – The unique alphanumeric number assigned to each license pack

Type – The type of license

Edition – The Diskeeper edition, such as Professional, Pro Premier, Server, or EnterpriseServer

Version – The major version number

Licensee – The name of the company or organization to which the license was granted

Full License Count – The number of full licenses for this Diskeeper edition and version represented by this
license pack

Reseller – The name of the company or organization from which the license was purchased

Trial Period – The length of time allowed for Try and Buy licenses represented by this license pack. This
is not applicable for full licenses.

Expiry Date – The date when the trial licenses will expire. This is also not applicable to full licenses.
Software License Management Actions
There are a number of actions you can perform from within the Manage Diskeeper Software Licensing module.
Click Actions at the bottom of the screen to perform these tasks:
Purchase Additional Licenses
Use this option to purchase additional Diskeeper licenses directly from Diskeeper Corporation. When this
option is selected, Diskeeper Administrator opens your web browser to the appropriate page of the Diskeeper
Corporation online store, where you will be guided through your purchase.
Install Diskeeper
Use this option to launch the Install Diskeeper 2009 Wizard and install Diskeeper on the computers of your
choice.
Upgrade Try and Buy Computers
Use this option to upgrade computers running trial versions of Diskeeper into fully-licensed Diskeeper
computers.
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Diskeeper Administrator Operation
Add License
Use this option to add recently (or previously) purchased Diskeeper licenses to the Diskeeper Administrator
database.
Remove Selected License
Use this option to remove a license pack from the Diskeeper Administrator database.
Managing Diskeeper Product Activation
Diskeeper must be activated on each computer on which it is installed. This process is simple and fast, and it
helps ensure you are running legitimate copies of Diskeeper. In a typical single-license installation, Diskeeper
contacts the Diskeeper Corporation Activation server via the Internet and requests activation. The activation
server verifies the product, then sends an activation response back to the requesting computer.
This procedure can present problems at sites with a large number of Diskeeper installations to activate, or sites
where the Diskeeper computers do not have access to the Internet. Diskeeper Administrator addresses these
problems and manages the activation of Diskeeper on all your remote computers, regardless of whether they are
connected to the Internet or not. When used in this manner, Diskeeper Administrator acts as a proxy (substitute)
activation server, verifying and responding to activation requests from remote computers as the need arises.
To better understand this process, a few definitions are in order:
Activation Request ― This is an encoded file generated by Diskeeper on the remote computer. This activation
request file is sent to the activation server, requesting activation of Diskeeper on that particular computer.
Activation Response ― This is an encoded file sent by the activation server in response to an activation request
from an individual computer. When this file is successfully read by Diskeeper, the activation is complete.
Activation Server ― This is a computer that receives Diskeeper activation requests, and sends activation
responses back to the requesting computers. The primary activation server is operated by Diskeeper
Corporation.
Proxy Activation Server ― You can use Diskeeper Administrator as a proxy (substitute) activation server.
When used in this manner, activation requests are sent to Diskeeper Administrator, and Diskeeper Administrator
sends the activation responses back to the requesting computers. This eliminates the need for the remote
computers to be connected to the Internet. In order to perform the proxy activation server duties, the Diskeeper
Administrator computer contacts the Diskeeper Corporation activation server and requests the necessary
activation responses. Once received, these responses are used to activate the remote computers.
Offline Activation ― This term refers to the activation of computers that do not have direct access to the
Internet. When Diskeeper Administrator is used as a proxy activation server, it is not necessary for the remote
computers to have Internet access. In fact, even when the Diskeeper Administrator computer is not connected to
the Internet, you can still use it as an activation proxy server. This is done by exporting an Activation Request
file, sending it to Diskeeper Corporation (from a computer that does have Internet access), then importing the
Activation Response file to the Diskeeper Administrator computer. With this imported Activation Response file,
the Diskeeper Administrator computer then distributes activation responses to the individual remote computers
requesting activation.
In a typical scenario, you would first use Diskeeper Administrator to PushInstall Diskeeper to the intended
remote computers. Installed in this manner, Diskeeper runs as trialware, with a time limit on its full
functionality. In order to convert the Diskeeper trialware into the full, non-expiring version, you must activate
each instance (subject to the number of Diskeeper licenses you have purchased).
Next, using the Manage Diskeeper Product Activation module, you would scan these remote computers for their
activation status. This process gathers the necessary activation information from the individual Diskeeper
computers and creates an Activation Request file. This file is sent to the Diskeeper Corporation activation
server, and an Activation Response file is sent back in return, authorizing the activation of
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
25
Diskeeper on these individual computers. Diskeeper Administrator then acts as a proxy activation server and
sends activation responses to the individual remote computers, activating them silently in the background.
In the event your Diskeeper Administrator computer is not connected to the Internet, you have the option of
creating and exporting an Activation Request file, then sending it to Diskeeper Corporation from a separate,
Internet-connected computer. The resulting Activation Response file is then imported into Diskeeper
Administrator, when then acts as an proxy activation server as described above.
Activating Diskeeper Across the Network
You can use Diskeeper Administrator to silently activate Diskeeper installations on remote computers. Remote
Diskeeper activation is done via the Activate Diskeeper Clients module. To start, click Manage Diskeeper in
the Quick Launch task pane, then select Manage Diskeeper Product Activation
.
This causes a report to be displayed listing any Activation Requests received from remote Diskeeper computers.
Use the Actions menu at the bottom of the screen to select from these options:
Scan for Activation Status
Use this option to scan one or more remote computers to determine their Diskeeper activation status. This scan
also causes any non-activated Diskeeper computers to generate an activation request. When you choose this
option, you will be presented with a tree view of your network. Select the computers you want to scan, then click
Scan Now.
While the scan is occurring, a report is displayed showing the progress and status of the scan operation. When
the scan is complete, a more detailed Activation Report is displayed, showing the activation status of the
selected computers. In the event any errors are indicated, click View Status to see additional information about
the errors.
Activate Now
Use this option to activate Diskeeper on any computers that are currently awaiting activation responses. (These
are computers that have sent and activation request, but have not yet received a response.)
When you choose this option, Diskeeper Administrator contacts the Diskeeper Corporation activation server and
requests activation responses for the computers that have requested them. Once these responses are received,
they are deployed to the appropriate computers, which are then silently activated.
When Diskeeper Administrator is acquiring the activation responses from the Diskeeper Corporation activation
server, a progress meter is displayed showing the progress and status of the operation.
During the deployment of the activation responses, a report is displayed showing the activation status of the
affected computers.
Offline Activation
Use this option to activate Diskeeper in environments where the Diskeeper Administrator computer does not
have Internet access. This option gathers information about computers needing activation and creates an
Activation Request file. You then send this file to Diskeeper Corporation (from a computer that does have
Internet access), and an Activation Response file is returned to the e-mail address you specify. After copying the
Activation Response file to a location that is visible to the Diskeeper Administrator computer, you import the
file into the Diskeeper Administrator database, allowing Diskeeper Administrator to deploy the appropriate
activation responses to the Diskeeper computers requesting them.
When you choose this option, the Offline Activation Wizard is displayed. The wizard walks you through these
steps:

Step 1 ― Enter the e-mail address where you want the Activation Response file to be sent, and click
Export to File. This creates the Activation Request file that you will send to the Diskeeper Corporation
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Diskeeper Administrator Operation
activation server. When you export the Activation Request file, a standard Windows file saving dialog is
displayed, allowing you specify a filename and to browse to the location where you want to save the file.

Step 2 ― On a computer with Internet access, go to the www.diskeeper.com/activation/upload web page
and upload the Activation Request file you created in the previous step. An Activation Response file will be
sent to the e-mail address you specified above.

Step 3 ― Copy the Activation Response file you receive from Diskeeper Corporation to a location visible
to your Diskeeper Administrator computer, then click Import File to import the Activation Response file
into the Diskeeper Administrator database. The encoded data in this file will be used to activate those
computers that requested activation at the time the Activation Request file was created and sent to
Diskeeper Corporation.

Step 4 ― After the Activation Response file has been imported to the Diskeeper Administrator database,
click Close to close the Offline Activation Wizard, then select Activate Now from the Actions menu to
activate Diskeeper on the computers that requested activation.
Assign Activation Proxy
Use this option to specify the computers or groups for which you want this instance of Diskeeper Administrator
to serve as the Diskeeper Activation proxy server.
When you choose this option, a tree view of your network is displayed. Select the computers you want you want
to be served my Diskeeper Administrator, then click Set Proxy.
Configure Activation Proxy
Use this option to configure how Diskeeper Administrator will handle proxy Diskeeper activation. You are
given these options:

Process Activation Requests automatically and silently ― When this option is enabled, Diskeeper
Administrator will record any new Activation Requests from remote Diskeeper computers, then
automatically contact the Diskeeper Corporation Activation server daily to request and receive Activation
Responses for those computers. These responses are then used to automatically activate the remote
Diskeeper computers. This is the recommended mode of operation.

Process Activation Manually ― When this option is enabled, Diskeeper Administrator will notify you
automatically when product activation is necessary on any remote Diskeeper computers. When notified, you
can then manually activate the Diskeeper computers as necessary.

Activation Alert Configuration ― Use these options to specify how Diskeeper Administrator will notify
you about remote computers needing Diskeeper activation.
Delete Selected Requests
Use this option to delete activation requests you have selected in the Manage Diskeeper Product Activation
display.
Defragmentation Policies
Diskeeper Administrator introduced the concept of policy-based centralized defragmentation management.
Defragmentation policies are a set of properties (or options) that specify how Diskeeper will defragment the
computers on which they are deployed. As an example, you use a defragmentation policy to specify which
volumes on your remote computers will have Automatic Defragmentation enabled, or the periods of time you
want Automatic Defragmentation turned off. Once a policy has been defined, it can be saved and used again.
Diskeeper 2009 Administrator supports defragmentation policies for computers running Diskeeper 2007 through
Diskeeper 2009, as well as legacy systems running Diskeeper 10 or Diskeeper 9. Note that the available
property options vary, depending on the version of Diskeeper the policy is intended to control.
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27
Creating Defragmentation Policies
Diskeeper Administrator includes a default defragmentation policy for computers running Diskeeper 2009, but
you can also create your own policies to meet your specific needs, including policies for older versions of
Diskeeper.
Defragmentation policies are created from within the New Job Policy Wizard. To open the wizard, select the
Create Defragmentation Policies
option in the Diskeeper Administrator Task Overview under Getting
Started in the Quick Launch task pane. This opens a listing of the existing defragmentation policies. Click
Actions at the bottom of the page, then select New Job Policy. This launches the New Job Policy Wizard.
Tip: You can create new defragmentation policies from the Actions menu at other times when they are
needed, such as when deploying Diskeeper to remote computers.
It is important to note that newer versions of Diskeeper contain a number of significant improvements over
Diskeeper versions 9 and 10. First and foremost, newer versions offer Automatic Defragmentation, which
simplifies Diskeeper operation (and administration) considerably. With Automatic Defragmentation there is no
longer a need for multiple and potentially confusing Primary, Secondary, and I-FAAST® defragmentation
schedules, different defragmentation methods, or any need to be concerned with disk or CPU priorities.
When you launch the New Job Policy Wizard, you will see options to create policies for Diskeeper 2007
through Diskeeper 2009, or for legacy Diskeeper versions 9 and 10. The options available differ, depending on
the Diskeeper version they are intended for, and the policy type selected. Select the version and policy type,
specify a name for the policy, and click Next to continue and select the specific policy options you need. Note
that the policy options you choose will only be applied to the volumes you select from the list at the top of the
New Job Policy Wizard.
The following sections give an overview of the options available for both ―modern‖ and ―legacy‖ policies.
Diskeeper Defragmentation Policy Options
When you create a new Diskeeper defragmentation policy, the wizard guides you through these steps:
General Page
The General page of the New Job Policy Wizard allows you to select the Diskeeper version for which you want
to create a new policy, and provides spaces to specify a name for the policy and any desired description.
Automatic Defragmentation
The Automatic Defragmentation page of the New Job Policy Wizard offers options to enable Automatic
Defragmentation on the volumes you’ve selected, and using the Automatic Defragmentation Timeline, you can
specify time periods when Automatic Defragmentation will be turned off on those volumes. Keep in mind that
performance will be maintained at peak levels when Automatic Defragmentation is left enabled at all times.
I-FAAST
I-FAAST (Intelligent File Access Acceleration Sequencing Technology), available on selected editions of
Diskeeper, accelerates performance by intelligently sequencing files on the volume.
The I-FAAST page of the New Job Policy Wizard provides the option to enable I-FAAST on the selected
volumes. You can select from these options:
Allow Diskeeper to enable or disable I-FAAST when beneficial — When this option is enabled, I-FAAST
will only be enabled on volumes that will benefit from I-FAAST acceleration. While most volumes will show a
noticeable performance improvement when I-FAAST is enabled, there are cases where the performance gain is
not significant enough to warrant the negligible system resources needed to support I-FAAST.
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Diskeeper Administrator Operation
Always enable I-FAAST — Select this option to enable I-FAAST on the selected volumes, even if there will be
little or no potential performance gain.
Always disable I-FAAST — Select this option to disable I-FAAST on the selected volumes, even if there will
be beneficial potential performance gain.
Note that I-FAAST is only available on volumes on which Automatic Defragmentation is also enabled.
Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) Options
The Windows Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS), available on the Windows Server 2003 and Windows
Vista operating systems, provides the ability to create snapshots, or point-in-time (PIT) copies, of shares and
volumes. These snapshots are images of the data on the disk as it looks at a particular point in time. By keeping
these images of data, you can quickly recover individual files or entire volumes directly from the disk as they
appeared when the snapshot was taken.
It is important to be aware that when VSS is enabled on a volume with a cluster size smaller than 16 KB, VSS
will see file movement done by the defragmentation process as ―changed data‖ and take a point-in-time
snapshot, even though only the location of the data has changed. Unnecessary snapshots will cause the VSS
storage area to increases in size, possibly resulting in earlier VSS snapshots being purged. Diskeeper provides
special defragmentation methods to allow you to defragment these VSS enabled volumes, yet minimize the
possibility that older VSS snapshots will be purged.
When the VSS defragmentation option is enabled, Diskeeper uses proprietary defragmentation engines to help
reduce the chance of the defragmentation operation causing new VSS snapshots from being created, thus
potentially preventing older snapshots from being purged. In order to do this, the VSS defragmentation engines
use more conservative file movement algorithms, which can result in slightly less thorough defragmentation of
the volume. Despite this, performance is still improved when this method is enabled. (Keep in mind that a large
file in two pieces has virtually no performance loss, but it shows as much red color in the Volume Map tab as a
file in several thousand pieces, which does suffer from performance loss.)
The VSS defragmentation method is enabled by default on VSS enabled volumes with cluster sizes smaller than
16 KB.
The Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) Options page offers these options:
Automatic Defragmentation VSS Options
Diskeeper provides these options for Automatic Defragmentation of VSS enabled volumes:

Defragment using VSS defragmentation method ― Select this option to use special Automatic
Defragmentation engines optimized for VSS enabled volumes. This option minimizes growth of the VSS
storage area caused by file movement and reduces the chance of older VSS snapshots being purged.

Defragment using standard defragmentation method ― Select this option to use the standard Automatic
Defragmentation engines on VSS enabled volumes. Be aware that enabling this option can increase the size
of the VSS storage area and can result in some or all of the VSS snapshots being purged.

Do not defragment VSS enabled volumes ― Select this option to prevent Automatic Defragmentation
from running on any VSS enabled volumes.
Manual Defragmentation VSS Options
Diskeeper provides these options for Manual Defragmentation of VSS enabled volumes:

Defragment using VSS defragmentation method ― Select this option to use special Manual
Defragmentation engines optimized for VSS enabled volumes. This option minimizes growth of the VSS
storage area caused by file movement and reduces the chance of older VSS snapshots being purged.

Defragment using standard defragmentation method ― Select this option to use the standard Manual
Defragmentation engines on VSS enabled volumes. Be aware that enabling this option can increase the size
of the VSS storage area and can result in some or all of the VSS snapshots being purged.
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
29
Frag Shield
One situation that can impair the performance and reliability of your computer is fragmentation of the Master
File Table (MFT) on NTFS volumes and your paging files. Since the operating system relies heavily on the
MFT and paging file, the effect of fragmentation is often much greater than when a normal file is fragmented.
Frag Shield is the first and only technology to prevent system file fragmentation.
Frag Shield performs two vital tasks: It helps keep your MFTs from becoming fragmented, and it assists you in
setting up your paging files such that fragmentation will be very unlikely to occur in the future.
The MFT fragmentation prevention technology in Frag Shield is fully automatic and it operates invisibly using
InvisiTasking technology.
Frag Shield also helps you configure your paging files on NTFS volumes as recommended in published
Microsoft guidelines.
The Frag Shield page of the New Job Policy Wizard offers the option to enable Frag Shield on the volumes
you’ve selected.
Summary
The Summary page of the New Job Policy Wizard shows information about the new policy you have created,
including the policy name, the Diskeeper version it applies to, the policy type, and any description you included
when you named the policy.
Legacy Diskeeper (versions 9 and 10) Job Policy Options
Since Diskeeper version 9 and 10 differ significantly from Diskeeper 2007 and Diskeeper 2009, the job policy
options available are also quite different. Of particular note are the different policy types. When creating
defragmentation policies for Diskeeper 9 and 10, you can create separate policies for Primary Defragmentation,
Secondary Defragmentation, I-FAAST Defragmentation, and Manual Defragmentation.
The New Job Policy Wizard displays slightly different steps as appropriate, depending on the type of job policy
you are creating,. The steps are described in the following sections:
General Page
Similar to creating a Diskeeper 2009 defragmentation policy, the General page of the New Job Policy Wizard
allows you to select the Diskeeper version for which you want to create a new policy, and provides spaces to
specify a name for the policy and any desired description.
Job Schedule
The Job Schedule page is displayed when creating a new defragmentation policy for Primary, Secondary, or IFAAST defragmentation jobs. It offers options to enable the respective defragmentation job type on the volumes
you’ve selected. Use the other options available on the page to specify times when that type of defragmentation
job will run (or will not be allowed to run, depending on your choices). Job schedules are applied on a per
volume basis. In other words, you can apply different schedules to different volumes. If you have used
Diskeeper 9 or 10 before, the scheduling options will be familiar. If necessary, refer to the Diskeeper 9 or
Diskeeper 10 Help or User’s Manual for full descriptions of the scheduling options available.
Defragmentation Methods
Available for Primary, Secondary, and Manual defragmentation jobs, the Defragmentation Methods page allows
you to specify the defragmentation method Diskeeper will use when all jobs of this type are run. Unlike job
schedules, which are applied on a per-volume basis, defragmentation methods are applied on a per-job type
basis. For example, when you select a defragmentation method for Primary Defragmentation jobs, that
defragmentation method will be applied to all Primary Defragmentation jobs. These defragmentation methods
are available:

Quick Defragmentation — This method provides the fastest defragmentation. It reduces the
defragmentation time by placing the emphasis on defragmenting the fragmented files, rather than free space
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Diskeeper Administrator Operation
consolidation, since this returns the greatest system performance gain. This defragmentation method will
complete faster and use fewer resources, but note that the free space consolidation will not be as thorough
as the other methods.

Recommended Defragmentation — This is the default, proven and balanced mix of file defragmentation
and free space consolidation. It is designed to gain the best disk performance without using excessive
system resources.

Comprehensive Defragmentation — This defragmentation method performs additional free space
consolidation. This method performs a normal Diskeeper defragmentation, but then additionally performs
extra processing to further improve free space consolidation. It is important to note this method requires
additional processing and time, and free space consolidation improvement will be gradual as the option is
used over time. Since the Comprehensive Defragmentation method is best suited for scheduled
defragmentation jobs, it is not available for Manual Defragmentation Jobs.
In addition to these options, you can specify how Diskeeper handles large files. When the Efficiently
defragment large files option is enabled, Diskeeper defragments large files only to the point where access time
is improved and further defragmentation will not return a significant improvement. This can save considerable
system resources and can significantly reduce the time to run a job.
Disk and CPU Priorities
You can control the amount of disk input/output (I/O) and CPU resources used by Diskeeper for Primary,
Secondary, and Manual defragmentation jobs. For each of these job types, the New Job Properties Wizard
allows you to control the disk and CPU priority.
Running at the lowest CPU priority minimizes the system performance impact when Diskeeper is defragmenting
a volume. However, defragmentation jobs running at the lowest priority can take substantially longer to
complete than those running at higher priorities, since Diskeeper ―backs off‖ for any process running at a higher
priority (even screen savers). For this reason, you may have occasions where you want to run Diskeeper at a
higher CPU priority. Keep in mind, though, that your system performance may be impaired when Diskeeper is
run at higher priorities.
In addition to the different levels of CPU priorities to choose from, you are also given the option to enable I/O
Smart® on the selected volumes. This option takes the concept of run priorities one step farther by ―throttling‖
(suspending) the defragmentation process whenever disk I/O activity is detected on a disk while it is being
defragmented. This ensures the defragmentation process will be transparent to users, no matter how active the
disk.
Similar to the defragmentation method options, the Disk and CPU priority settings are applied on a per per-job
type basis. For example, when you specify disk and CPU priority options for Secondary Defragmentation jobs,
those settings will be applied to all Secondary Defragmentation jobs.
Keep in mind that even with the disk and CPU priority options, Diskeeper versions 9 and 10 do not provide the
performance gain and ―invisible‖ operation offered by newer versions of Diskeeper with Automatic
Defragmentation.
Summary
The Summary page of the New Job Policy Wizard shows information about the new policy you have created,
including the policy name, the Diskeeper version it applies to, the policy type, and any description you included
when you named the policy.
Editing Existing Defragmentation Policies
Defragmentation policies are edited from within the Defragmentation Policy Properties pages. To open the
properties page for an existing defragmentation policy, click Manage Diskeeper in the Quick Launch task pane
and select Configure Defragmentation Policies. This opens a listing of the existing defragmentation policies.
Select the policy you want to edit and click Properties at the bottom of the page. This launches the
Defragmentation Policy Properties pages for the selected policy.
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
31
Tip: You can simply double-click a Defragmentation policy in the Configure Defragmentation Policies
listing to quickly open the Defragmentation Policy Properties pages for that policy.
After opening the Defragmentation Policy Properties dialog, choose from the steps listed on the left of the page
and make any changes desired, similar to creating a new Defragmentation policy. When you have made your
changes, click OK to save the changes and return to the Configure Defragmentation Policies listing, or click
Apply to save the changes without closing the Defragmentation Policy Properties pages for that policy.
Also note that when editing an existing Defragmentation policy, you can click the Associated Computers step
shown on the left side of the page to see a listing of the computers to which the policy has been applied.
Deploying Defragmentation Policies
After you have created defragmentation policies, you can deploy them to the computers of your choice. (Of
course, the remote computers must have Diskeeper installed on them.) In many cases, Defragmentation policies
will be deployed with Automatic Defrag Management, described on page 33. Using Automatic Defrag
Management is a complete solution, providing automatic deployment of Diskeeper and its associated
defragmentation configuration from a single point of control.
As an alternative, you can also use the Job Deployment Wizard to deploy the Defragmentation policy by itself.
Follow these steps to open the wizard and deploy a defragmentation policy to one or a few hundred remote
computers:
1.
Click Manage Diskeeper in the Quick Launch task pane and select Configure Defragmentation Policies.
This opens a listing of the existing defragmentation policies. Select the policy you want to deploy and click
Actions at the bottom of the page. This launches the Job Policy Deployment Wizard in a separate window.
Alternatively, select Manage Diskeeper Computers and Groups under the Manage Diskeeper task,
select one or more computers or groups, then click Actions at the bottom of the screen and select Deploy
Job Policy.
2.
In the introduction screen displayed, enter an optional name and description for the deployment job. The
details of the policy deployment job will be displayed in the Diskeeper Administrator Job Queue, so having
a recognizable job name and description can be useful. When you have made your selections, click Next.
3.
Next, you are given the opportunity to select the defragmentation policy you want to deploy. Select from
any of the policies displayed. You can modify an existing defragmentation policy by selecting it then
clicking Properties, or click Actions and choose the option to create a new policy. After selecting the
defragmentation policy you want to deploy, click Next.
4.
Since deploying defragmentation policies to a large number of computers across the network can take some
time and use network bandwidth, you are next given the option to schedule the policy deployment task for a
later time, or perform it now. If you select to schedule the task for a later time, you are prompted to specify
when the task is to begin. You can also specify a time for the task to be stopped, even if it has not yet
completed. This gives you the flexibility to perform the task at a time when network bandwidth will not be
impacted. Choose when to perform the policy deployment job, and click Next.
5.
Next, a summary is displayed, showing you the ongoing status of the defragmentation policy deployment
task. When the task is complete, the summary is automatically saved in the Diskeeper Administrator Job
Queue, along with other similar reports. See page 44 for more information about the Job Queue. When you
are done reviewing the report, or when you are ready to perform another task, click Close.
Diskeeper Deployment Policies
Deployment policies are used to specify what Diskeeper editions are installed when you deploy Diskeeper to
remote computers. They also specify the Diskeeper activation settings and the installation location for such
deployments.
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Diskeeper Administrator Operation
Deployment policies are also used with Automatic Defrag Management to specify what Diskeeper editions are
installed automatically when new (or mobile) computers join your network, as well as the Diskeeper activation
settings and the installation location.
When used with Automatic Defrag Management, Deployment policies are applied (or ―bound‖) to groups of
computers. You can use Active Directory groups or custom computer groups that you create within Diskeeper
Administrator. Then, when new computers are added to the group, Automatic Defrag Management can
automatically deploy Diskeeper to those computers.
A deployment policy can be applied to groups of computers that include both workstation (or desktop)
computers as well as server systems. Because of this, each policy can specify two different Diskeeper editions—
one for workstations and one for servers—to be deployed as appropriate to the target computers.
Creating Deployment Policies
You must create a deployment policy before you can deploy Diskeeper to remote computers. Deployment
policies are created from within the Deployment Policy Wizard. To open the wizard, select the Create
Deployment Policies
Quick Launch task pane.
option in the Diskeeper Administrator Task Overview under Getting Started in the
Tip: You can create new Deployment policies from the Actions menu at other times when they are
needed, such as when using Automatic Defrag Management to deploy Diskeeper.
Diskeeper Deployment Policy Options
When you create a new Diskeeper defragmentation policy, the wizard guides you through these steps:
Name and Description
The Name and Description page of the Deployment Policy Wizard allows you to specify a name for the policy
and any desired description.
Select Edition and Package
The Select Edition and Package page of the Deployment Policy Wizard is divided into two sections—one for
specifying the edition of Diskeeper to be deployed to workstation (or desktop) computers, and another to specify
the edition of Diskeeper to be deployed to server systems.
For workstation systems, you can choose to deploy either Diskeeper Professional or Diskeeper Pro Premier. You
can also choose to enable non-administrative control of Diskeeper on these computers, to allow users who are
not members of the Administrators group to control Diskeeper on these systems.
For servers, you can choose either Diskeeper Server or Diskeeper EnterpriseServer.
For both workstation and server systems, you can choose the specific Diskeeper edition, and also select to
download the latest build of that Diskeeper edition from the Diskeeper Corporation website, or you can browse
to a valid Setup.exe in a shared network folder or on a networked CD-ROM.
Activation Settings
Use the options on the Activation Settings page of the Deployment Policy Wizard to allow new installations of
Diskeeper to activate silently and automatically, or to use Diskeeper Administrator as an Activation Proxy
Server for activating computers that do not have Internet access.
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
33
Specify Installation Location
The Specify Installation Location page of the Deployment Policy Wizard has options to either install Diskeeper
in the default location (%SYSTEMDRIVE%\Program Files\Diskeeper Corporation\Diskeeper) or to another
location you specify.
Summary
The Summary page of the of the Deployment Policy Wizard shows information about the new policy you have
created, including the policy name, the workstation and server editions of Diskeeper you have specified, and any
description you included when you named the policy.
Editing Existing Deployment Policies
Deployment policies are edited from within the Deployment Policy Properties pages. To open the properties
page for an existing defragmentation policy, click Manage Diskeeper in the Quick Launch task pane and select
Configure Deployment Policies. This opens a listing of the existing defragmentation policies. Select the policy
you want to edit and click Properties at the bottom of the page. This launches the Deployment Policy Properties
pages for the selected policy.
Tip: You can simply double-click a Deployment policy in the Configure Deployment Policies listing to
quickly open the Deployment Policy Properties pages for that policy.
After opening the Deployment Policy Properties dialog, choose from the steps listed on the left of the page and
make any changes desired, similar to creating a new Deployment policy. When you have made your changes,
click OK to save the changes and return to the Configure Deployment Policies listing, or click Apply to save the
changes without closing the Deployment Policy Properties pages for that policy.
Also note that when editing an existing Deployment policy, you can click the Associated Computers step
shown on the left side of the page to see a listing of the computers to which the policy has been applied.
Automatic Defrag Management
Automatic Defrag Management is specifically designed to monitor your network, and based on properties you
specify, automatically install and configure Diskeeper on any newly-added computers.
To do this, Automatic Defrag Management uses a policy-based approach. An Active Directory group or a
custom computer group is bound to an Automatic Defrag Management policy that controls what editions of
Diskeeper are deployed to the computers in that group, and how Diskeeper will be configured on those
computers. For example, if Automatic Defrag Management is applied to an Active Directory Organizational
Unit (OU), as new computers are added to that OU, Diskeeper Administrator will detect this and deploy
Diskeeper and your selected settings automatically. Note that Automatic Defrag Management can only be
applied to groups of computers, not individual computers.
Automatic Defrag Management policies rely on two other types of policies: Deployment policies and
Defragmentation policies. The Deployment policy defines what editions of Diskeeper will be installed on the
target computers, and the Defragmentation policy defines the various Diskeeper settings that will be in effect.
If the Automatic Deployment option is enabled, Diskeeper Administrator uses the Deployment policy to
automatically deploy the appropriate Diskeeper edition to that computer. Other Diskeeper
settings/configurations can be established as well via the Defragmentation policy.
The Automatic Defrag Management policy also gives you the ability to specify the days or times that an
automatic deployment of Diskeeper to new computers will be allowed to occur. In addition, Diskeeper
Administrator will also decrement the available Diskeeper license count as needed. If the license count is
exceeded, then a Try and Buy version of Diskeeper is installed and you are notified.
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Diskeeper Administrator Operation
When a computer is removed from the group (such as those decommissioned from the network), the Diskeeper
Administrator license manager also increments the Diskeeper license count, returning the license used by the
decommissioned system to the pool of available licenses.
Creating Automatic Defrag Management Policies
Automatic Defrag Management policies are created and managed via the Automatic Defrag Management
Properties Wizard. To open the wizard, click select the Install Diskeeper Using Policies
option in the
Diskeeper Administrator Task Overview under Getting Started in the Quick Launch task pane.
Once the Automatic Defrag Management Wizard is displayed, you are guided through these steps:
Name and Description
The Name and Description page of the Automatic Defrag Management Wizard includes spaces for you to enter
a name and description for the policy you are setting up. Make any changes you want, then click Next.
Select Deployment Policy
The Select Deployment Policy page of the Automatic Defrag Management Wizard displays a list of Deployment
policies you have established. Select the Deployment policy you want to be followed by Automatic Defrag
Management.
This page also includes a check box allowing you to enable automatic deployment of Diskeeper, following the
Deployment policy you have selected. When selected, any computers that join the computer group bound by the
Automatic Defrag Management policy will have Diskeeper automatically deployed to them, based on a schedule
you specify.
Use the Actions menu at the bottom of the page to create a new Deployment policy, or to clone or delete an
existing policy.
Use the Properties menu at the bottom of the page to review or change the properties of a selected Deployment
policy.
Select Defragmentation Policy
Similar to the Deployment policy page, the Select Defragmentation Policy page of the Automatic Defrag
Management Wizard displays a list of Defragmentation policies you have established. Select the
Defragmentation policy you want to be followed by Automatic Defrag Management.
This page also includes a check box allowing you to enable automatic configuration of Diskeeper, following the
Defragmentation policy you have selected. When selected, any computers that join the computer group bound
by the Automatic Defrag Management policy will have Diskeeper configured on them, with the configuration
settings deployed to the computers based on a schedule you specify.
Use the Actions menu at the bottom of the page to create a new Defragmentation policy, or to clone or delete an
existing policy.
Use the Properties menu at the bottom of the page to review or change the properties of a selected
Defragmentation policy.
Schedule
The Schedule page of the Automatic Defrag Management Wizard provides considerable flexibility in how the
Automatic Defrag Management policy will be applied. You can specify to apply the policy only once, or you
can specify a recurring pattern, to dynamically deploy and configure Diskeeper on a regular basis.
If you are applying the Automatic Defrag Management policy on a one-time basis, you can choose to deploy the
policy now, or schedule it at a later time.
If you are applying the policy on a recurring basis, you can specify daily, weekly, or monthly schedules for
Diskeeper Administrator to scan the selected group and apply the policy to any newly-discovered computers.
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
35
Select Computers or Groups
The Select Computers or Groups page of the Automatic Defrag Management Wizard displays a tree view of
your Active Directory groups or custom computer groups. Use this page to select the computer group to which
you want to apply the Automatic Defrag Management policy.
Use the View drop-down menu to see either Active Directory or custom groups in the tree view.
Notification
The Notification page of the Automatic Defrag Management Wizard gives you the option to have Diskeeper
Administrator notify you via e-mail with messages about the Automatic Defrag Management policy deployment.
You can receive notification of all events, or of only any failures (such as failure to connect to a remote
computer).
Summary/Status
The Summary/Status page of the Automatic Defrag Management Wizard show details about the new Automatic
Defrag Management policy, including the computer group it is bound to, the names of the Deployment and
Defragmentation policies you have selected, and the scheduled frequency for the policy to be applied.
Editing Existing Automatic Defrag Management Policies
Automatic Defrag Management policies are edited from within the Deployment Policy Properties pages. To
open the properties page for an existing defragmentation policy, click Automatic Defrag Management in the
Quick Launch task pane. This opens a tree view of your existing Active Directory groups or custom groups.
(Use the View drop-down menu to switch between Active Directory and custom groups.
Tip: The icons for the Active Directory groups and custom groups in the tree view change when the
respective group is bound to an Automatic Defrag Management policy.
Select the group for which you want to edit the Automatic Defrag Management policy, then click Properties at
the bottom of the page. This launches the Automatic Defrag Management Policy Properties pages for the
selected group.
After opening the Automatic Defrag Management Policy Properties dialog, choose from the steps listed on the
left of the page and make any changes desired, similar to creating a new Automatic Defrag Management policy.
When you have made your changes, click OK to save the changes and return to the computer groups tree view,
or click Apply to save the changes without closing the Automatic Defrag Management Policy Properties pages
for that policy.
Tip: To edit an existing Deployment or Defragmentation policy from within the Automatic Defrag
Management Policy Properties, simply double-click the policy in the respective listing to quickly open it for
editing.
Diskeeper Reports
Diskeeper Administrator provides a variety of useful reports regarding the computers on your network. These
reports can be for any number of machines, based on the computers you have selected.
All reports are shown in a secondary window, independent of the main Diskeeper Administrator console.
Reports can be saved and printed. Following the ―centralized management‖ concept, Diskeeper Administrator
allows you to perform a number of tasks directly from a report. After a report has been generated, you can select
one or more computers in the report, then use the Actions button at the bottom of the report to install or
uninstall Diskeeper, update or upgrade Diskeeper, deploy defragmentation policies, or remotely-control a
Diskeeper computer.
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Diskeeper Administrator Operation
Details about the Reports
Diskeeper Administrator gathers information each time Diskeeper-related changes occur on any remote
Diskeeper computers being managed by that instance of Diskeeper Administrator. This information is stored in
the Diskeeper Administrator database.
You can generate reports based on real-time data or data stored in the Diskeeper Administrator database. Realtime data offers the most current view of your managed Diskeeper computers, since Diskeeper Administrator
polls each selected computer when this option is selected. However, this polling process can take a considerable
length of time on a large network, and a certain amount of network traffic occurs. Database data gathering is
typically much faster, but it may not be completely current, especially if the Diskeeper Administrator database
has been off-line for any length of time.
Diskeeper Administrator reports are comprised of specific sets of data, presented in a tabbed format. Each report
can contain any or all of these individual data sets (also known as report sections):
Diskeeper Computers – shows information about the Diskeeper status on the computers managed by this
instance of Diskeeper Administrator.
Fragmentation and Performance – shows factors that directly affect the performance and reliability of your
disk volumes, such as MFT fragmentation, paging file fragmentation and the level of free space. This data set is
a useful way to show Diskeeper is maintaining the good health of the system. The Fragmentation and
Performance report can also utilize Disk Performance Analyzer for Networks™ (DPAN) to collect performance
data from computers that do not have Diskeeper installed.
Computers and Policies – shows information about Diskeeper versions installed and defragmentation policies
in place on the computers managed by this instance of Diskeeper Administrator.
Alert History – shows information about any Diskeeper alerts that have been generated on the computers
managed by this instance of Diskeeper Administrator.
Also note that you can save and print reports you create. Click Actions at the bottom of the report window to see
the available report options.
Diskeeper Computers Data Set
The Diskeeper Computers data set shows general information about all the Diskeeper installations on your
network. This is an easy way to see which computers on your network have Diskeeper installed.
This information is gathered for each selected computer:

Domain

Computer name

Operating system name

Diskeeper edition

Diskeeper version

Latest available Diskeeper version and type

Last Diskeeper update
Fragmentation and Performance Data Set
The Fragmentation and Performance Report data set shows factors that directly affect the performance and
reliability of your disk volumes, such as MFT fragmentation, paging file fragmentation and the level of free
space. This data set is a useful way to show Diskeeper is maintaining the good health of the system.
This information is gathered for each selected computer:

Domain name
Diskeeper Administrator Operation

37
Computer name
For each volume:
 Volume name

Volume space

Free space %

MFT fragments

Paging file fragments

Fragments per file

I-FAAST actual gain (%)

I-FAAST potential gain (%)

Total files defragmented

Total fragments eliminated
The Fragmentation and Performance data set also includes the option to use Disk Performance Analyzer for
Networks (DPAN) to gather fragmentation data from remote computers that do not have Diskeeper installed.
DPAN provides real-time performance metrics with high-level visual graphs and detailed fragmentation data.
Computers and Policies Data Set
The Computers and Policies data set shows detailed information about the computers managed by this instance
of Diskeeper Administrator, and the defragmentation policies in place on them.
This information is gathered for each selected computer:

Domain

Computer name

Operating system name

Diskeeper edition

Diskeeper version
For each volume:
 Volume Name

Defragmentation policy enabled
Alert History Data Set
The Alert History data set duplicates the information shown in the Alert Reports sent daily via e-mail to
specified recipients. (The Diskeeper Administrator Alerts features are described in detail on page 40.) The
Alerts Report includes this information:


Alert type
Domain

Computer name

Diskeeper edition

Diskeeper version

Volume name
 Alert Time
When the Alert History data set is selected, you are given the option to include all Diskeeper Administrator
alerts in the report, or specify a range of time for you want to see any alerts.
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Diskeeper Administrator Operation
The Alert History data set is similar to the standard Diskeeper Administrator alerts (as described on page 40),
but since you can specify a starting and ending time period to examine, it is useful for seeing a compilation of
Diskeeper Alerts covering a specific time period.
Creating a Report
The Create Report Wizard guides you thorough the steps necessary to create a report. Here is an overview of
those steps:
To open the Create Report Wizard, select the Create Reports option in the Diskeeper Administrator Task
Overview under Getting Started in the Quick Launch task pane. Alternatively, click Reports and Alerts in the
Quick Launch task pane and click Create Report at the bottom of the screen. This launches the Create Report
Wizard.
Naming the Report
The first page of the Create Report Wizard offers allows you to specify and name and description for the report
you are creating. Since reports can be saved and recalled at a later time, a meaningful report name and
description can be useful. Enter a name and description as desired, then click Next to continue.
Selecting the Data Sets
Use this page of the wizard to specify the data sets (or report sections) to be included in the report. You can
choose from these available data sets. (See page 36 for descriptions of these data sets):

Diskeeper Computers

Fragmentation and Performance

Computers and Policies

Alert History
When the Alert History data set is selected, you are given the option to include all Diskeeper Administrator
alerts in the report, or specify a range of time for you want to see any alerts.
After selecting the data sets to include in the report, click Next.
Selecting Computers and Groups
Use this page of the wizard to select the computers and/or groups to be included in the report. This page shows a
tree view of your network. (You can also switch to a Detail view as described on page 9.) Select any
combination of one or more computers, groups or domains you want included in the report. After making your
choices, click Next.
Specifying the Data Source
Use this page of the wizard to specify the source for the data used in the report. You can use data that is already
in the Diskeeper Administrator database, or create the report based on real-time data gathered immediately or at
a later time you specify.
Note that managed Diskeeper computers automatically send report and alert data to Diskeeper Administrator
after completion of a scheduled defragmentation job.
Real-time data offers the most current view of the managed Diskeeper computers on your network, but gathering
the data can take some time and incur network overhead.
Using data from the Administrator database is faster and less costly in network bandwidth, but it may not reflect
the most current Diskeeper information on your network. This is especially true if the Diskeeper Administrator
database has been off-line for any period of time.
Choose the data source you want to use for your report, then click Next to continue.
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
39
Specifying the Report Schedule
Since gathering report data from a large number of computers across the network can take some time and use
network bandwidth, this page of the Create Report Wizard gives you the option to schedule the report collection
task for a later time, or perform it now.
If you select to schedule the task for a later time, use the controls provided to specify when the task is to begin.
You can also specify a time for the task to be stopped, even if it has not yet completed. This gives you the
flexibility to gather the report data at a time when network bandwidth will not be impacted.
Choose the desired schedule, then click Next to continue.
Report Wizard Summary
Next, a summary is displayed, showing any schedule you specified for the reporting task. The Summary page
also allows you to specify whether to save the report as a template in the Reports Console for later use. You can
also choose to e-mail a copy of the report to the recipients of your choice.
When you are done making any of these optional choices, click Finish.
If you chose to generate the report immediately, the report is displayed in a separate window, with tabbed pages
for each data set you specified.
If the report task was scheduled to run at a later time, the Report Console is displayed, listing any saved report
templates.
Viewing Report Status
After a report has been created, you can optionally check the status of the report. Follow these steps:
1.
Click Diskeeper Job Queue in the Quick Launch task pane and select the report in question.
2.
Click Actions at the bottom of the console, and select View Status.
This shows information about the success of failure of the data-gathering operation on each selected computer
Filtering a Report
Regardless of the type of report, Diskeeper Administrator provides powerful filtering capabilities, allowing you
to view the data you need most.
As mentioned earlier in this manual, grids in the various Diskeeper Administrator reports feature ―Quick
Filtering.‖ Quick Filtering allows you to quickly and easily display only the information you want to see in the
grid. You can click the down arrow at the top of any column and determine what displays in the entire grid.
When you select an item, only that item appears in the grid. When you select ―(none)‖ no filtering is applied and
all items appear in the grid.
When you select ―(custom)‖ the Custom Row Filter screen appears so you can build a custom filter statement to
determine the information that appears in the grid.
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Diskeeper Administrator Operation
Saving a Report
When you are viewing a report, you can save it for future reference. Click Actions at the bottom of the report
and select Save as to save the report. You are given the option of specifying the location where the report file
will be saved. You can navigate to the disk volume and folder of your choice.
Printing a Report
Saved reports can be printed. Click Actions at the bottom of the report and select Print to print the report. A
standard Windows print dialog box is displayed where you can select which printer to send the report to, and
other printing options.
Launching Other Actions from a Report
In addition to viewing, printing, and saving a report, you can select one or more computers in a report, then
launch other actions to perform on them, directly from the report. Using the options available in the Actions
menu at the bottom of each report, you can install, uninstall, update, or upgrade Diskeeper on the selected
computers, deploy defragmentation policies, move computers or groups in the Custom Groups hierarchy, or
remotely control Diskeeper on a single computer.
For example, you can create a report using the ―Diskeeper Computers‖ data set to show which computers do or
don’t have Diskeeper installed, select the computers on which you want to install Diskeeper, and immediately
begin the deployment, directly from the report. As you use the Diskeeper Administrator reporting capability, you
will likely find numerous ways where Diskeeper Administrator can save time and effort in your management of
Diskeeper across your network.
Diskeeper Alerts
Diskeeper Administrator can be set up to send you e-mail alerts informing you of situations that affect the
performance and reliability of the computers being controlled by Diskeeper Administrator.
Alerts are based on data received from managed Diskeeper installations throughout your network. Diskeeper
Administrator examines this data to determine whether an alert should be generated. This data is gathered as
Diskeeper-related events occur on managed Diskeeper computers throughout your network.
Alerts are logged and stored in the Administrator database as they are detected. Alerts are sent to you (or the
people you designate) as individual e-mail messages for each Alert. You control whether (and to whom) these email messages are sent.
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
41
Alerts are generated under these conditions:

A Diskeeper defragmentation job does not complete on a volume for any reason

If free space has reached a critical level on an individual machine. (The free space affects the Volume
Health index, which is described in detail shortly.) You can set the free space threshold at which these
Alerts are generated.
Diskeeper Corporation has done extensive research into the causes of disk performance and reliability problems.
This research has shown these factors play a significant role in regards to disk performance and reliability:

Overall fragmentation (described below)

MFT fragmentation

Paging file fragmentation

Available free space
Diskeeper uses these factors to determine a disk reliability index each time it analyzes or defragments a disk
volume.
Disk reliability is rated into three categories—Healthy, Warning and Critical.
This table shows the Warning and Critical levels used in determining the reliability index.
Reliability Factor
Warning Level
Critical Level
Overall Fragmentation
> 10% fragmentation
> 50% fragmentation
MFT Fragmentation
> 250 fragments
>2000 fragments
Paging File Fragmentation
> 250 fragments
>1500 fragments
Free Space
< 15% free space
< 5% free space
The Overall fragmentation figure is calculated by dividing the time required to read the fragmented files on the
volume by the time required to read all the files on the volume, and multiplying the result by 100.
How to Receive Alerts
Diskeeper Administrator delivers alerts in two ways:

An Alert Report displayed directly in the Diskeeper Administrator console

An Alert Report e-mailed to you or the people you designate
You have control over which alerts are reported to you. For each type of e-mailed alert, your options are:

All alerts

Alerts occurring between the starting and ending dates you specify
In order to receive alerts by e-mail, you must specify at least one e-mail address. You will be prompted for this
information the first time you set up any type of Diskeeper Administrator task that requires an e-mail address.
Configuring Alerts
Alerts are based on post-defragmentation data received from remote Diskeeper 9.0 (or higher) installations
throughout your network. Diskeeper Administrator examines this data to determine whether an alert should be
generated. This data is sent to Diskeeper Administrator any time Diskeeper-related activity or changes occur on
your managed Diskeeper computers.
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Diskeeper Administrator Operation
Alerts are logged and stored in the Administrator database as they are detected. Alerts are sent to you (or the
people you designate) as individual e-mail messages for each alert, and/or by a daily report, which is also sent
via e-mail. You control whether (and to whom) these e-mail messages are sent.
Follow these steps to configure alerts:
1.
Click Configure Alerts
in the Diskeeper Administrator Task Overview under Getting Started in the
Quick Launch task pane to open the Alerts Properties dialog.
2.
In the General page displayed, select the exception-based events that will trigger an alert. You can choose to
have alerts triggered by incomplete defragmentation due to engine failure, or when free space on a volume
reached a threshold you set, or both.
3.
Click Select Computers in the Properties task pane on the left side of the Alerts Properties dialog, then use
the tree view displayed to select the computers for which you want alerts to be generated. (You can also
switch to a Detail view as described on page 9.)
4.
Next, click Alert E-mail in the Properties task pane on the left side of the Alerts Properties dialog. On the
page displayed, select your choice of options to send a daily Alert Summary report via e-mail, and specify
the e-mail address(es) intended to receive the Alert Summary. You can also optionally edit the subject line
and body of the message.
5.
After selecting the settings you want, click OK to close the Alerts Properties dialog.
Setting Up Alert and Task Purge Options
Diskeeper Administrator stores Diskeeper alert data and details about Diskeeper Administrator tasks in the
Diskeeper Administrator database. Over time, this information should be purged to avoid consuming
unacceptable amounts of disk space. By default, Diskeeper Administrator keeps Alert data for 30 days, and task
data for 15 days, but you have control over how often this data is cleared out.
You can specify how long to save Diskeeper alerts and one-time tasks in the Diskeeper Administrator database.
Diskeeper Administrator will keep alerts and one-time tasks in the database for a maximum of 180 days. Note
that repeating tasks (such as scheduled report scans) are not purged.
Follow these steps to change the purge options:
1.
Click Configure in the Quick Launch task pane, then select Diskeeper Administrator Properties
2.
Click Purge Queue and Alert History in the Configure task pane on the left side of the display.
.
This page provides these options:

Clear Alerts

Clear Tasks
For each option, you can set the number of days (from 0 to 180) for Diskeeper Administrator to keep the
alerts or tasks in the database. You can also click the respective button to clear alerts or tasks immediately.
3.
When you have made any desired changes, click OK to close the dialog and return to the main Diskeeper
Administrator console.
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
43
Using Groups
Diskeeper Administrator allows you to create and use logical groups of computers on your network. These
groups can then be controlled and managed as a single unit. For example, you might create a group that consists
of all the computers in the Accounting Department, or all the workstations on the third floor. Then, when you
need to perform a Diskeeper Administrator task such as deploying Diskeeper or defragmentation policies to
multiple machines, you simply select the group of computers (as a single unit) instead of each computer in the
group.
In addition to custom groups you create, Diskeeper Administrator also supports any groups you have created
within Microsoft Active Directory. Here again, you can apply Diskeeper Administrator tasks to Active Directory
groups in the same manner as applying them to a single machine.
Creating Custom Groups
Custom groups are made up of one or more of the computers on your network. A group can include entire
domains or workgroups, and can also include other groups.
Click Manage Diskeeper in the Quick Launch task pane, then select Manage Diskeeper Computers and
Custom Groups
. This displays a tree view of your network.
Once the tree view is displayed, follow these steps to create a new custom group:
1.
Click My Groups in the tree view display.
2.
Click Actions in the bottom of the console, and select New Custom Group. Alternatively, right-click My
Groups and select New Custom Group. A dialog is displayed, allowing you to specify the name of the
new custom group.
3.
Edit the name of the new group displayed in the Computer View section of the page.
4.
Next, navigate the tree view to display the domains, workgroups or computers you want to include in the
new group. Drag and drop your choices into the new group displayed under My Groups. The new group
will now be available from the various Select Computer pages throughout Diskeeper Administrator.
Managing Custom Groups
To add computers to an existing group, open the tree view display and simply drag and drop the computers into
the custom group.
To remove a computer from a custom group, right-click on that computer in the group and select Remove
Selected Computers. You can also remove multiple computers in this manner – select the computers you want
to remove from the group, then right-click one of the selected computers and select Remove Selected
Computers.
You can also add, modify or delete custom groups using the options available from the Action button in any of
the tree view pages shown for Diskeeper Administrator tasks that allow you to select computers or groups.
Remote Control
You can use Diskeeper Administrator to remotely control Diskeeper 9.0 through 2009 operations on computers
all over your network. (Of course, Diskeeper Professional, Pro Premier, Server, or EnterpriseServer must be
licensed and installed on the remote computers.) Without ever leaving your desk, you can perform any
Diskeeper task as if you were sitting at the remote machine.
To connect to and control a remote computer, follow these steps:
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Diskeeper Administrator Operation
1.
Click Remote Control Diskeeper in the Diskeeper Administrator Task Overview under Getting Started in
the Quick Launch task pane.
2.
In the tree view displayed, select the computer on which you want to run Diskeeper, and then click Remote
Control. (If the computer you want to control remotely is not visible in the tree view, you can enter the
appropriate domain and computer name or IP address in the space provided at the bottom of the dialog.)
3.
Once the computer is connected, the Diskeeper console opens in a new window and the name of the
computer being controlled is shown at the top of the Diskeeper display.
Error messages will be displayed if Diskeeper fails to connect to the remote computer.
After connecting to Diskeeper on the remote computer, perform any Diskeeper operations on that computer in
the same manner as running Diskeeper on a local computer.
Editing Exclusion Lists on a Network
Diskeeper allows you to list files and directory folders that you do not want moved. This ―exclusion list‖ is
checked by Diskeeper each time defragmentation is run. To edit exclusion lists on remote computers on your
network, you must have sufficient permissions to edit a file in the Diskeeper directory on the remote computer.
If you do not have sufficient permissions, an error message is displayed stating that access is denied to the
exclusion list. If you cannot edit an exclusion list that you think you have permission to use, there are two likely
possibilities:

You logged on with a username that the target computer recognizes and a password that it does not
recognize. A common example is to log on to your computer as Administrator and then try to edit an
exclusion list on a computer that has its own Administrator account established with a different password.

Your computer and the remote computer do not share the same network protocol.
Diskeeper Job Queue
The Diskeeper Job Queue option provides a centralized location for information about any pending, running or
completed Diskeeper Administrator tasks (or jobs) you have performed. You can stop a current or pending job,
and view the status of a job to see detailed information about whether it completed successfully for all selected
computers.
Select Diskeeper Job Queue in the Quick Launch task pane to open a view of the job queue.
The Job Queue filter at the top of the Job Queue console offers these views:

All Jobs

Reporting Jobs

Configure Setting Jobs

Deployment Jobs

Scan Machine(s) Jobs
Select any of these filtering options to see a listing of past, present and scheduled jobs of that category. The
typical listing shows the job name, the task type (such as Deployment tasks or Scan Machine(s) jobs), the job
type (one-time or scheduled, for example) and the last run time and date.
Double-click any of the jobs listed to see a detailed report about the status of the job. This is a useful way to see
the computers on which a specific job was or was not successful. You can see details about the domain, the
machine name, the status of the job, a description or explanation of the reported status, and the date and time the
status was recorded.
Diskeeper Administrator Operation
45
The Actions button at the bottom of the console offers a number of options, including allowing you to print
listings from the job queues or to delete selected jobs from the queue.
Configuring Diskeeper Administrator
Diskeeper Administrator gathers necessary configuration information from you the fist time that information is
needed. Once established, most Diskeeper Administrator configuration settings need no additional action. The
Configure Diskeeper Administrator console provides a method to view and edit the Diskeeper Administrator
configuration properties.
Click Configure
in the Diskeeper Administrator toolbar or select Configure in the Quick Launch task
pane, then select Diskeeper Administrator Properties to open the Configure Diskeeper Administrator console.
Alternatively, select Configure Diskeeper Administrator in the Getting Started task overview. Once open, this
dialog allows you to view or edit the following Diskeeper Administrator Configuration properties.
General — About Diskeeper Administrator
This page of the Configure Diskeeper Administrator console shows general information about the version of
Diskeeper Administrator installed on your computer, and a variety of contact information.
Diskeeper Administrator Updates
Use this page of the Configure Diskeeper Administrator console to check the Diskeeper Corporation website for
a newer version of Diskeeper Administrator. If a newer version is available, follow the instructions displayed to
download and install the update.
Diskeeper Local Updates and Upgrades
This page of the Configure Diskeeper Administrator console allows you to check the Diskeeper Corporation
website for a newer version of Diskeeper for your remote computers. You are given the option to check
immediately for updates, or to enable automatic checking for Diskeeper updates. If you enable automatic update
checking, you can also select to have e-mail notification sent to the recipients of your choice when Diskeeper
Administrator detects a newer version of Diskeeper is available.
Proxy Server
Use this page of the Configure Diskeeper Administrator console to specify any proxy settings that may be
necessary for Internet access at your site. If no proxy settings are specified, Diskeeper Administrator uses your
default Internet connection settings.
Outgoing Mail Server (SMTP)
Diskeeper Administrator can optionally send alerts, reports, and update/upgrade notifications via e-mail. Use
this page of the Configure Diskeeper Administrator console to specify any outgoing mail server (SMTP) settings
necessary, including the SMTP mail server address, any Secure Password Authentication (SPA) if required, and
the recipient(s) you want to receive e-mail notifications from Diskeeper Administrator. You can specify more
than one recipient, using a colon (:) to separate the e-mail addresses.
Administrative Permissions
Diskeeper Administrator needs permissions information to access licensed computers and include them in tasks.
Use this page of the Configure Diskeeper Administrator console to enter or edit user name and password
information for your domains, workgroups, or computers, and appropriate for your site.
Purge Queue and Alert History
This page of the Configure Diskeeper Administrator console provides options to specify how long Diskeeper
Administrator Alerts should remain in the database, and to purge completed tasks from the Diskeeper Job Queue
Overview of Diskeeper Features
47
Chapter 4
Overview of Diskeeper Features
This chapter describes key features available in Diskeeper Professional and the various Diskeeper Server
editions. Not all these features are directly available within Diskeeper Administrator, but they are available via
the Remote Control feature described starting on page 43. This information is provided in this manual simply for
reference.
What’s New in Diskeeper 2009
For over a decade, Diskeeper has led the way in Windows system defragmentation technology, and Diskeeper
2009 continues with the tradition of true Set It and Forget It performance enhancement that is a hallmark of
the Diskeeper name.
Whether you’ve used Diskeeper before or not, you may already be familiar with some of its features, but
Diskeeper 2009 adds refinements to these features, and a number of other core enhancements. New users will
find Diskeeper to be easy to use, yet comprehensive in its capabilities. Experienced Diskeeper users will
recognize familiar features, but see improvements in Diskeeper (and their system) performance. Here is a
summary of what’s new in this version:

Improved InvisiTasking Technology
In the past, extremely busy systems or programs that were always on and running in the background could
hamper InvisiTasking and prevent it from acquiring sufficient resources to complete its job. New
functionality in InvisiTasking allows it to be more assertive, while still guaranteeing completely invisible,
zero-overhead, operations. Diskeeper can invisibly keep up with and complete defragmentation on a 24/7
high powered workstation or server. On typical desktops/laptops this also allows Diskeeper to operate in
conjunction with always-on/idle-time tasks that run at lowest priority such as [email protected] and similar
programs.

MOM and SCOM Support
Microsoft Operations Manager (MOM) and System Center Operations Manager (SCOM) allow monitoring
and management of numerous computers interconnected by one or more communications networks. Many
products, such as Active Directory, Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft Exchange Server, and MOM itself
can be monitored. Enterprise administrators can now use the Diskeeper Management Pack, available
separately from Diskeeper Corporation, to allow MOM/SCOM to monitor and manage Diskeeper
installations deployed across their network. The Diskeeper Management Pack includes numerous alerts,
reports, and the ability to manage and control Diskeeper settings and configurations, all via MOM/SCOM.

Titan Defrag Engine™ Defragmentation Engine
The Titan Defrag Engine is the most powerful defragmentation engine ever built, eclipsing even the
previous technological leader – the Terabyte Volume Engine™ defragmentation engine. The Titan Defrag
Engine is specially developed for the most massive data volumes ever created. Starting at volumes
containing 4 to 5 TB of data, the Titan Defrag Engine will complete the job even faster and more thorough
than TVE. The new engine is the only defragmentation solution capable of handling 10 TB, 20 TB and even
greater amounts of data. If you have servers managing massive amounts of data, the Titan Defrag Engine is
your newfound performance solution. The Titan Defrag Engine is available in Diskeeper EnterpriseServer.

Expanded TVE Availability
Diskeeper pioneered the concept of specialized defragmentation algorithms for large volumes, and
continues that effort in Diskeeper 2009. Previous versions of Diskeeper included the Terabyte Volume
Engine (TVE), which was designed for volumes over 60 GB. However, the TVE was only available in
Diskeeper EnterpriseServer.
48
Overview of Diskeeper Features
Disk volume sizes have continued to increase, and now it’s not uncommon for even home systems to have
volumes 1 TB or larger in size. In light of this, Diskeeper 2009 now includes the TVE in Diskeeper Pro
Premier, HomeServer, and Server editions. Diskeeper EnterpriseServer now includes the new Titan Defrag
Engine, the ultimate in industrial-strength defragmentation technology.

Expanded I-FAAST Defragmentation Availability
Intelligent File Access Acceleration Sequencing Technology (I-FAAST) is now available in Diskeeper
Professional. I-FAAST goes beyond ―normal‖ defragmentation to speed up your file access and creation
times. Traditionally, a defragmenter like Diskeeper could restore the performance of a computer to like new
condition. I-FAAST, however, can improve the computer’s performance to better than new!
I-FAAST improves file access and creation by up to 80% (average 10%-20%). It is the first industry
implementation of ―Disk Performance Calibration‖, the modern evolution of the outdated and inconclusive
disk optimization strategies of the past.

Improved Free Space Consolidation
New free space consolidation engines now provide more complete consolidation of the free space on your
disk volumes.

HyperFast™ Solid State Drive Optimization
Solid state drive (SSD) technology promises faster and better performance than conventional hard disk
drives. However, Microsoft Windows is not optimized for NAND Flash as a principal storage device, such
as is used with SSDs. As a result, computers with SSD storage devices will eventually experience a very
noticeable and dramatic performance deterioration (up to 80%), to the degree that they will operate much
slower than they would with a hard disk. The new HyperFast product integrates seamlessly, and is
specifically designed to eliminate SSD performance degradation, and restore performance to like-new
conditions.
Note: HyperFast is a separate product, sold in addition to Diskeeper. Contact your reseller or visit the
Diskeeper Corporation website at www.diskeeper.com to purchase HyperFast and keep your SSD volumes
running at peak levels.
Diskeeper Features
The following list summarizes the most important Diskeeper features:
Automatic Operation — Diskeeper is designed to operate without your intervention. Simply install Diskeeper,
then sit back and let it take care of the details. Of course, you can also run Diskeeper manually. (But you
probably have better things to do with your time. That’s what Automatic Defragmentation with InvisiTasking is
for!)
Diskeeper Family of Products — The Diskeeper family of products offers specialized automatic
defragmentation of Windows operating systems ranging from Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows Home
Server, and Windows Server 2008 Datacenter. See the tables in Appendix A for the complete Diskeeper lineup.
Descriptive Console Interface — The Diskeeper console provides an intuitive and informative
defragmentation experience. Common commands are grouped together in the Quick Launch pane, and a group
of tabbed panes show you a wide variety of information. Diskeeper shows you the condition of your disks, and
provides suggestions for improving or maintaining your disks.
Performance and Volume Health Analysis — Diskeeper collects and displays data regarding the performance
and overall health of your volumes in the Dashboard tab. This information allows you to be more proactive in
the management and maintenance of your computers.
I-FAAST — Intelligent File Access Acceleration Sequencing Technology (I-FAAST) improves file
access/creation by up to 80% (average 10%-20%) above and beyond the improvement provided by
Overview of Diskeeper Features
49
defragmentation alone. This is the first industry implementation of ―Disk Performance Calibration‖, the modern
evolution of the outdated and inconclusive disk optimization strategies of the past.
Frag Shield 2.0 — One situation that can impair the performance and reliability of your computer is
fragmentation of the Master File Table (MFT) on NTFS volumes and your paging files. Since the operating
system relies heavily on the MFT and paging file, the effect of fragmentation is often much greater than when a
normal file is fragmented. Frag Shield is the first and only technology to prevent system file fragmentation. No
more need to run a manual and resource-intensive process. The Frag Shield MFT fragmentation prevention
technology is now fully automatic and re-written to operate invisibly using InvisiTasking technology.
Terabyte Volume Engine — A Diskeeper exclusive, the Terabyte Volume Engine (TVE) is designed to
efficiently defragment extremely large (larger than 60 GB) volumes. This feature is available in selected
Diskeeper editions. The table in Appendix A shows the Diskeeper editions with TVE support.
Titan Defrag Engine — The Titan Defrag Engine is the most powerful defragmentation engine ever built,
eclipsing even the previous technological leader – the Terabyte Volume Engine (TVE). The Titan Defrag
Engine is specially developed for the most massive data volumes ever created. Starting at volumes containing 4
to 5 TB of data, the Titan Defrag Engine will complete the job even faster and more thoroughly than the TVE.
The Titan Defrag Engine is the only defragmentation solution capable of handling 10 TB, 20 TB and even
greater amounts of data.
Boot-Time Defragmentation — Defragment files at boot-time that cannot be moved safely when Windows is
running.
Selectable Disk and CPU Priority — You can set the disk and CPU priorities at which Manual
Defragmentation jobs run. Note that priority changes are unnecessary when running Diskeeper in Automatic
Defragmentation mode.
Exclusion Lists — Diskeeper exclusion lists allow you to specify files and directories that will not be allowed to
be processed by Diskeeper.
Event Logging — Diskeeper records information about its activity in two ways. First, general information about
previously-run defragmentation job is shown in the Log tab within the Diskeeper console. Additional
information can also be stored in a log file. A wide variety of information can be saved for future reference.
Simultaneous Analysis or Defragmentation Operations — You can analyze and/or defragment more than one
disk volume at a time.
Command Line Operation — You can use commands from the Windows Command Prompt or a batch file to
control Diskeeper.
Group Policy Support — Diskeeper can be configured network-wide with the Group Policy Editor provided
with Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008.
MOM/SCOM Support — Enterprise administrators can use the Diskeeper Management Pack, included with
Diskeeper Administrator, to allow MOM/SCOM to monitor and manage Diskeeper installations deployed across
their network. The Diskeeper Management Pack includes numerous alerts, reports, and the ability to manage and
control Diskeeper settings and configurations, all via MOM/SCOM.
Theory of Diskeeper Operation
51
Chapter 5
Theory of Operation
This chapter describes the original Diskeeper design goals and how those goals were met.
Introduction
As described in the introduction of this manual, the term disk fragmentation means two things:

a condition in which pieces of individual files on a disk are not contiguous, but rather are broken up and
scattered around the disk volume; and

a condition in which the free space on a disk volume consists of little pieces of space here and there rather
than a few large free spaces.
The effects of excessive fragmentation are twofold as well:

file access takes longer because a file must be collected in pieces here and there, requiring several disk
accesses instead of just one; and

file creation takes longer because space for the file must be allocated in little pieces here and there instead
of just one contiguous allocation.
Before the introduction of Diskeeper, there was no method for completely correcting the problems of file and
free space fragmentation on Windows NT (and later) computers or in a Windows network.
Design Goals
In designing Diskeeper for Windows, the following goals were established:

The product must be completely safe to use.

It must improve Windows system performance. It is not designed to make the disk look ―pretty‖—it is
designed to improve disk performance and, as a result, overall system performance.

It should process live disks without interfering with user access to files.

It should run without operator intervention.

It must defragment all possible files and consolidate free space into the smallest possible number of large
spaces.
Diskeeper defragments files and free space on a disk, allowing access to the files on the disk at any time while
Diskeeper is running.
Safety
Diskeeper is designed with safety as the highest priority.
To ensure the safe movement of files, Diskeeper uses mechanisms built into the operating system that were
developed and implemented by Diskeeper Corporation (then known as Executive Software), and fully
incorporated into Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Vista by Microsoft.
By using these built-in mechanisms, Diskeeper maintains cache coherency, file security and permissions
information, and file content integrity no matter how fragmented the files on the disk are.
52
Theory of Diskeeper Operation
The foremost design goal for Diskeeper is to make sure that no data is ever lost. To accomplish this goal
Diskeeper uses the following criteria for accessing files:

the contents of data files are never modified under any circumstances

only one file is processed at a time, not the whole disk

no information is stored on any other device or in a ―scratch space‖

Diskeeper accesses a file in such a way that no user access can conflict with Diskeeper during the critical
portion of the relocation process

file relocation is aborted if any error is encountered, leaving the file in its original state
Diskeeper was designed to err on the side of caution. In other words, it only moves a file on the volume when it
is absolutely certain that no data will be lost, including file attributes. The only change to file attribute-type
information is the physical location of the file on the volume. None of the file dates are changed and no other
fields in the file record header are used to store Diskeeper information.
Diskeeper never defragments or moves files that are specifically stored at a specific physical location on the
volume.
If anything causes your computer to crash while Diskeeper is running, or if you abort the Diskeeper
defragmentation run in the middle of the file relocation process, no data is ever at risk.
Performance
When running in the Automatic Defragmentation mode, Diskeeper is designed to run in the background, without
adversely affecting performance of your Windows computer. The exclusive InvisiTasking technology ensures
Diskeeper keeps your volumes at peak performance without negatively impacting system performance while it is
running. Diskeeper was designed in such a way to ensure it will not interfere with other processes on your
Windows computer.
Process Live Disks
It is not acceptable to force users off the disk while performing routine defragmentation. To do so would be a
case of the cure being worse than the disease. Access to fragmented files is better than no access at all.
The best solution is to defragment online with users active on the same disk volume. Diskeeper was designed
with this in mind. During most of the time Diskeeper is processing a file, it shares the file with any other users
that may access the same file. The last step of processing the file, however, involves locking the file for a very
brief period, a matter of milliseconds. If another user requests a file that Diskeeper has locked, that request is
suspended for the brief period until Diskeeper releases the file. Then the request is serviced. There is never an
interruption of either process as a result of this delay.
This solution allows Diskeeper to defragment open files safely, regardless of whether they are open for read
operations or for write operations.
No Operator Intervention
In keeping with the design goals, after Diskeeper has been started in the Automatic Defragmentation mode, it
runs automatically in the background, without the need for operator intervention. It runs indefinitely, unless told
otherwise by you.
Diskeeper Editions
53
Appendix A
Table of Diskeeper Editions
This table shows the different editions of Diskeeper available, as well as the features and capabilities of each:
54
Diskeeper Editions
These tables show the different Diskeeper editions available and the Windows operating systems they support:
Desktop Systems
Diskeeper Editions
Server Systems
55
Answers to Frequently Asked Questions
57
Appendix B
Answers to Frequently Asked Questions
The list of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Diskeeper Administrator is updated periodically. For the
most current list, visit the Diskeeper Corporation website at:
http://support.diskeeper.com/support/diskeeperfaqs.aspx .
H
Menu Options
59
Appendix C
Menu Options
The following options are available from the Diskeeper Administrator menu bar:
File Menu

Open Report — Opens a saved Diskeeper Administrator report

Exit — Closes the Diskeeper Administrator interface and exits the program
View Menu

Toolbar — Toggles the Diskeeper Administrator toolbar on and off
Getting Started Menu

Diskeeper Administrator Task Overview — Opens the Diskeeper Administrator Task Overview page in
the console, providing quick access to the most common Diskeeper Administrator tasks.

Diskeeper 2009 Administrator Overview — Opens the Diskeeper Administrator Task Overview page in
the console, and also launches the Diskeeper Administrator help, displaying an overview of the Diskeeper
Administrator features.

Frequently Asked Questions — Launches the Frequently Asked Questions topic in the Diskeeper
Administrator help, providing a direct link to the Diskeeper Corporation website for the latest questions and
their answers.

Help — Launches the Diskeeper Administrator help.
Manage Diskeeper Menu

Manage Diskeeper Computers and Custom Groups — Create and manage groups of computers on
which to centrally manage Diskeeper via defragmentation policies.

Install and Uninstall Diskeeper — Install and uninstall or update and upgrade Diskeeper on computers
you select.

Configure Defragmentation Job Policies — Use default or custom defragmentation policies to centrally
manage Diskeeper across your network.

Manage Diskeeper Software Licensing — Manage Diskeeper licenses applied to computers across your
network.

Remote Control Diskeeper — Connect to an individual computer and control Diskeeper on it as if you are
sitting in front of that computer.

Scan Computers — Scan the computers on your network to gather current Diskeeper-related information
for the Diskeeper Administrator database.

Manage Diskeeper Product Activation— Control how Diskeeper activation is done for your remote
computers.
Reports and Alerts Menu

Reports — Opens the Diskeeper Administrator Reports console.

Alerts — Opens the Diskeeper Administrator Alerts console.
60
Menu Options
Job Queue Menu

Job Queue — Opens the Diskeeper Administrator Job Queue.
Configuration Menu

Diskeeper Administrator Configuration Wizard — Opens the Diskeeper Administrator Configuration
Wizard

Diskeeper Administrator Properties — Open a submenu containing options for these Diskeeper
Administrator configuration settings:
o
General information about Diskeeper Administrator
o
Diskeeper Administrator updates
o
Diskeeper Local (client) updates and upgrades
o
Proxy Server configuration
o
Outgoing mail server
o
Administrative permissions
o
Purge the Job Queue and Alert history
Help Menu

Help Topics — Opens the main Diskeeper Administrator help system

About Diskeeper Administrator — Opens the Configure Diskeeper Administrator console, which shows
the version and build numbers, as well as other pertinent contact information.
Troubleshooting
61
Appendix D
Troubleshooting
There are several situations that can cause Diskeeper Administrator to display error messages. This table shows
Diskeeper Administrator error messages displayed, what can cause them, and how to resolve them.
In the event of an error message or other failure, select the affected computer and click Show Error Details in
the Related Tasks pane for assistance with the error.
Error Message
Description
Solution
Computer is
offline
The target computer is
offline.
Ensure the computer is booted and connected to the
network.
or
Diskeeper is not
installed on the target
computer.
Install Diskeeper 9.0 build 505 or higher on the target
computer.
The target computer is
running with a firewall
enabled. This is
especially common
when the target
computer is running
Windows XP Service
Pack 2.
A firewall (including 3rd party firewalls) may prevent
Diskeeper Administrator from connecting to
Diskeeper. If you are running Windows XP SP2, see
www.diskeeper.com/sp2 for information about
configuring the Windows XP SP2 firewall to be
compatible with Diskeeper Administrator.
Incompatible
Diskeeper version
The Diskeeper version
on the remote
computer is not
compatible with
Diskeeper 2009
Administrator.
The target computer must be running Diskeeper
9.0.505 or higher.
Operating System
version not
supported
The operating system
on the target machine
is not supported.
Refer to Appendix A to see the operating systems
supported by Diskeeper.
Diskeeper is not
installed
Diskeeper is not
installed on the remote
computer.
Use the Diskeeper Administrator PushInstall
deployment option to install Diskeeper on the remote
computer.
Access Denied
Access to the remote
computer is denied
with the specified user
permissions.
Check to confirm the user account you specified in
the Specify Permissions page is a member of the
Administrators group.
A firewall is preventing
Diskeeper
Administrator from
communicating with
Diskeeper.
A firewall (including 3rd party firewalls) may prevent
Diskeeper Administrator from connecting to
Diskeeper. If you are running Windows XP SP2, see
www.diskeeper.com/sp2 for information about
configuring the Windows XP SP2 firewall to be
compatible with Diskeeper Administrator.
Could not connect
to the machine
62
Troubleshooting
Error Message
Description
Solution
Access Denied
(continued)
Local security policy is
preventing
communication
between Diskeeper
Administrator and
Diskeeper.
Confirm that local security policies are set to allow
local users to authenticate themselves. This setting is
found at Administrative Tools | Security Settings |
Local Policies| Security Options | Network access:
Sharing and security model for local accounts.
Confirm this policy is set to “Classic”.
User Account Control
(UAC) on remote
Windows Vista
computers in a
workgroup is enabled.
Use Diskeeper Administrator from the "Administrator"
account in order to deploy and manage Diskeeper on
the workgroup computers. This is because under
Windows Vista, default shares are disabled for any
users other than "Administrator". Diskeeper
Administrator relies on access to shares (i.e.,
Admin$) in order to perform tasks such as software
deployment.
By default, the "Administrator" account is disabled on
Windows Vista systems. This account must be
enabled, and a password set for it in order for
Diskeeper Administrator to manage the computer.
Also note that when PushInstalling Diskeeper to
workgroup computers running Windows Vista, you
must use the “Administrator” account and login
credentials.
Machine offline or
Diskeeper is not
running
Diskeeper is not
installed or is disabled.
Confirm Diskeeper is installed on the target computer
and that the Diskeeper service is running.
The computer is offline.
Ensure the computer is booted and connected to the
network.
A firewall is preventing
Diskeeper
Administrator from
communicating with
Diskeeper.
A firewall (including 3rd party firewalls) may prevent
Diskeeper Administrator from connecting to
Diskeeper. If you are running Windows XP SP2, see
www.diskeeper.com/sp2 for information about
configuring the Windows XP SP2 firewall to be
compatible with Diskeeper Administrator.
Unsupported
Diskeeper version.
You must be running Diskeeper 9.0.505 or higher. If
the correct version of Diskeeper is installed on the
remote computer, make sure the Diskeeper service is
running on the remote computer.
Failure of the Remote
Procedure Call (RPC)
communication
between Diskeeper
Administrator and
Diskeeper on a remote
computer.
The required ports are not open on the target
machine. See www.diskeeper.com/sp2 for
complete information about the ports needed by
Diskeeper Administrator and how to open them, and
to download tools to automate the task.
Troubleshooting
63
Error Message
Description
Solution
Request sent to
remote computer
A request (such as
attempting to send a
defragmentation policy)
has been sent to the
remote Diskeeper
computer and
Diskeeper
Administrator is waiting
for the response.
This can be the result of ports being disabled on the
computer running Diskeeper Administrator. The
Diskeeper Administrator installation opens the
required ports, but they may have been closed by
another program or process. See
www.diskeeper.com/sp2 for complete information
about the ports needed by Diskeeper Administrator
and how to open them, and to download tools to
automate the task.
This can also be due to network errors preventing
two-way communication between the Diskeeper
Administrator computer and the target machine.
Request sent to
remote computer
(continued)
At the Windows command prompt, enter:
c:\>ping <target machine name>
or
c:\>ping <target machine IP address>
to determine if the machine is visible to the network.
Remote computer
did not respond
The remote computer
did not respond to a
request from Diskeeper
Administrator.
This can be caused by communication problems
between the target machine and the machine from
which you are running Diskeeper Administrator.
Check to confirm other network functions are working
on that computer.
This can also be the result of ports being disabled on
the computer running Diskeeper Administrator. The
Diskeeper Administrator installation opens the
required ports, but they may have been closed by
another program or process. See
www.diskeeper.com/sp2 for complete information
about the ports needed by Diskeeper Administrator
and how to open them, and to download tools to
automate the task.
This can also be due to network errors preventing
two-way communication between the Diskeeper
Administrator computer and the target machine.
At the Windows command prompt, enter:
c:\>ping <target machine name>
or
c:\>ping <target machine IP address>
to determine if the machine is visible to the network.
64
Troubleshooting
Error Message
Description
Solution
This computer is
being managed by
another Diskeeper
Administrator
This message is
displayed if you attempt
to manage a computer
which is currently being
managed by another
instance of Diskeeper
Administrator.
Remember you can take over management of the
remote computer in the Manage Diskeeper
Computers and Groups module of Diskeeper
Administrator.
This computer
was previously
managed by
another Diskeeper
Administrator
This message is
displayed when you
take over management
of a remote Diskeeper
computer from another
instance of Diskeeper
Administrator.
No action needed.
Failed to start
Setup.exe
This message is
displayed during a
PushInstall deployment
when the Setup.exe file
fails to start on the
remote computer.
This is usually due to an error condition preventing
the Diskeeper installation procedure from running on
the remote computer. Check the Windows application
event log on the remote computer for errors.
If you need assistance with any Diskeeper Administrator error messages, contact Diskeeper Corporation
Technical Support as described in Appendix E of this manual.
Support Services
65
Appendix E
Support Services
U.S., Asian and Latin American Support Services
Registered customers with Volume License Agreements are entitled to 90 days of free technical support, as well
as special upgrade pricing, from Diskeeper Corporation.
Registered customers without Volume License Agreements, such as home users, home-based businesses and
very small businesses, are entitled to 90 days of free e-mail technical support as well as special upgrade pricing,
from Diskeeper Corporation.
If you have not yet registered your Diskeeper purchase, register your purchase online via our website at:
http://diskeeper.com/register
Technical support questions can be answered from the Technical Support section of our website at:
http://diskeeper.com/support
Or contact us via fax at:
818-252-5514
If you are a registered Volume License Customer within your 90-day free support period (or you have purchased
a support plan), you can call:
818-771-1600
When your 90-day free support period has expired, you can purchase the support plan which best suits your
needs. Diskeeper Corporation offers 24-hour, 7-day support plans. Contact Diskeeper Corporation to find out
which support options suit you best.
Diskeeper Corporation's address is:
Diskeeper Corporation
7590 North Glenoaks Boulevard
Burbank, California, USA 91504
HHHHH
66
Support Services
European Support Services
Registered customers with Volume License Agreements are entitled to 90 days of free technical support, as well
as special upgrade pricing, from Diskeeper Corporation. Our free European technical support is available
Monday through Friday during the first 90 days from 8:30 to 17:30.
Registered customers without Volume License Agreements, such as home users, home-based businesses and
very small businesses, are entitled to 90 days of free e-mail technical support as well as special upgrade pricing,
from Diskeeper Corporation.
If you have not yet registered your Diskeeper purchase, register your purchase online via our website at:
http://diskeepereurope.com/register.htm
Technical support questions can be answered from the Support section of our website at:
http://diskeepereurope.com
You can also contact our technical support team via e-mail at:
HT
[email protected]
TH
Or via fax at:
+44 (0) 1342-327390
If you are a registered Volume License Customer within your 90-day free support period (or you have purchased
a support plan), you can call:
+44 (0) 1342-327477
When your 90-day free support period has expired, you can purchase the support plan that best suits your needs.
Diskeeper Corporation offers 24-hour, 7-day support plans. Contact Diskeeper Corporation to find out which
support options suit you best.
Diskeeper Corporation's address is:
Diskeeper Corporation
Kings House, Cantelupe Road
East Grinstead, West Sussex RH19 3BE
England
Glossary
67
Glossary
access: To store data on, or retrieve data from, a disk drive or other peripheral device. See also file.
Active Directory: Microsoft Active Directory provides the means to manage the identities and relationships that
make up your organization’s network. Using Active Directory, you can manage users, computers, groups,
printers, applications, and other directory-enabled objects from one secure, centralized location.
administrator: See system administrator.
applet: A small application program that is usually built into an operating system or a larger application
program. For example, the built-in writing and drawing programs that come with Windows are sometimes called
―applets.‖
application: A computer program, which causes a computer system to perform some useful work for the user.
ATA: Advanced Technology Attachment. One of several standard types of interfaces used to connect a disk
drive and a computer. See also PATA and SATA.
AutoPlay: A feature of some Windows applications on CD-ROM that causes the program to start automatically
when the CD-ROM is placed in the drive.
background processing: The execution of certain operations during momentary lulls in the primary
(foreground) process. An example of a background process is printing while a word processor is waiting for
keystrokes.
binary: From Latin ―bini,‖ meaning two by two and ―ary,‖ meaning of, or pertaining to. Computers use the
binary number system, which is a way of counting in which only two digits (0 and 1) are used. Contrast with the
familiar decimal number system, in which we count with 10 digits (0 through 9).
bit: Short for ―binary digit‖. The smallest unit of information handled by a computer. Like a light switch, a bit is
either on or off, which corresponds to a numerical value of one or zero. Larger numbers are expressed by groups
of bits. See also byte.
boot: Refers to the initial start-up of a computer, such as when you turn on the computer’s power. From the
word ―bootstrap,‖ indicating the computer ―lifts itself by the bootstraps;‖ that is, it gets itself going.
boot-time: The time during which a computer boots; that is, the computer is starting up and the operating
system has not yet taken over control of the computer.
browser: A software program, such as Microsoft’s Internet Explorer, designed to locate and view Web pages on
the Internet. In addition to displaying text, modern browsers also can display pictures and play sounds.
byte: A group of eight bits, which can represent a number from zero through 255, a letter of the alphabet, or a
variety of other things.
cache: From the French word cacher, meaning ―to hide.‖ A temporary storage facility designed to speed things
up by providing information to software that would otherwise have to be obtained from a slower medium.
Caches exist for Web browsers, disk drives and CPUs. See also cache memory.
cache coherency: A condition where the data contained in the cache memories in a computer with multiple
processors is kept consistent at all times.
cache memory: In computers, a cache is a small amount of very fast memory that is placed close to (or inside)
the CPU chip, in order to improve performance. The cache memory holds copies of recently accessed data.
Because computer programs often run the same instructions repeatedly, many times the CPU will find the data it
needs in the cache and therefore will run faster because it does not need to access the computer’s main memory.
CD-ROM: Compact Disk Read-Only Memory. A stiff plastic disk commonly used by software manufacturers
to distribute software to customers. As the name implies, the original contents of a CD-ROM cannot be changed.
68
Glossary
central processing unit (CPU): The part of the computer hardware that controls the computer’s overall
operation and performs computations. Most modern CPUs are built into a single integrated circuit or chip. See
also Pentium, x86.
chip: See integrated circuit.
CHKDSK: A program (supplied with Windows NT through Windows Server 2008) that checks the integrity of
a disk and corrects disk errors such as lost clusters. See also scandisk.
client: In a computer network, a computer that uses the services of another computer, called a server. For
example, a client can ―ask‖ a server to provide it with needed data, or to print a file for the client. See also
server, workstation.
cluster: Smallest addressable unit of space on a disk. A one-byte file will actually use a cluster of disk space.
The minimum size of a cluster depends on the size of the disk volume. The FAT file system allows a maximum
of 65,536 clusters per volume, which means that the cluster size on a 64-megabyte disk volume is one kilobyte,
while a 128-megabyte volume uses two-kilobyte clusters. Thus, the FAT file system can be very wasteful of disk
space on large volumes. The NTFS file system does not suffer from this limitation.
COM: Acronym for Component Object Model, a specification developed by Microsoft for building software
components that can be made into programs or add functionality to existing programs running on Microsoft
Windows platforms.
component: A small modular program that performs a specific function and is designed to work interactively
with other components and applications. See also applet, COM.
contiguous: Adjacent; placed one after the other. A contiguous file is not fragmented; that is, it takes up a single
―chunk‖ of disk space. See also fragmentation, defragmentation.
control file: A file (Diskeep.ctl) used by Diskeeper to keep track of and control defragmentation of disk
volumes.
controller: A specialized electronic circuit, which serves as an interface between a device, such as a disk drive,
and a computer. See also IDE, SCSI.
CPU: see central processing unit.
CPU priority: To further lessen the impact on a system when defragmenting, Diskeeper provides five
adjustable CPU Priority settings for Manual Defragmentation jobs. The default for Manual Defragmentation
jobs is ―Normal‖ which is the mid-level CPU base priority as assigned by the operating system.
data: Information, as processed by a computer. Plural of the Latin word datum, meaning an item of information.
database: A collection of related information about a subject, organized in a useful manner that provides a base
or foundation for procedures such as retrieving information, drawing conclusions, and making decisions.
datum: Singular of data.
defragmentation: The reduction or elimination of fragmentation, by making files and/or free disk space more
contiguous.
device: A machine, such as a printer or a disk drive.
digit: From Latin digitus, meaning finger. Any of the numbers 0 through 9 in the decimal number system, called
a digit because people originally used their fingers for counting. Computers use a binary number system with
only two digits (0 and 1).
directory: A file that contains a catalog of files and other directories stored on a disk, which allows you to
organize your files into groups, making them easier to find. Equivalent to folder.
directory consolidation: A Diskeeper feature that gathers (almost) all directory entries on a volume into a
single area on the disk, instead of scattered in many places. Directory consolidation requires sufficient
Glossary
69
contiguous free disk space into which the directories can be moved. This feature is available for Automatic,
Manual, and Boot-Time Defragmentation operations.
disk drive: A device containing one or more disks, treated as a unit by a computer.
Diskeeper: A software product that increases system performance through disk defragmentation. It eliminates
resource-wasting file fragmentation safely, by consolidating fragmented files and free space.
diskette: See floppy disk.
domain: In Windows a group of workstations and servers, defined by an administrator, that share a common
directory database and allow a user to log onto any resource in the domain with a single user ID and password.
Each domain in a network has a unique name.
drive: See disk drive.
drive letter: In Windows and MS-DOS operating systems, the naming convention for disk drives, consisting of
a letter, followed by a colon. Drives A: and B: are normally reserved for floppy disk drives and C: typically
indicates the first hard drive. See also volume.
encrypted file: A file that has been scrambled and made unrecognizable by anyone who does not have the
proper ―key‖ to decode it. The Windows Encrypting File System (EFS) allows users to encrypt files and folders
on an NTFS volume to prevent access by unauthorized individuals.
event logging: The process of recording audit information when certain events occur, such as services starting
and stopping, users logging on and off and accessing resources. Logged Diskeeper events can be viewed with
the Event Viewer utility (in Administrative Tools.)
Event Viewer: A utility that is part of the Administrative Tools available in Windows, which permits the
viewing of logged events. See also event logging.
extended partition: A type of partition that permits the limitation of four partitions per disk drive to be
overcome. A disk drive may be partitioned into a maximum of four primary partitions, or three primary
partitions plus an extended partition. One or more logical drives may be created within an extended partition.
FAT: See file allocation table.
FAT file system: The file system used by MS-DOS and adapted for Windows to store information on disks,
which makes use of a file allocation table. There are three types of FAT file system. The FAT12 (12-bit) is used
on FAT volumes smaller than 16 megabytes in size, such as floppy disks—it is not supported by Diskeeper.
FAT16 can be found on all versions of Windows from Windows 95 through Windows Vista. FAT32 is
supported on Windows Vista, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP, Windows 2000, Windows Me, Windows
98, and the later OSR 2 version of Windows 95; but not Windows NT.
field: A subdivision of a record in a file. For example, a record in a customer file may contain a name field, an
address field and a phone number field.
file: A complete, named collection of data, such as a program, a set of data used by a program, or a user-created
document. See also record, field.
file allocation table (FAT): A table or list maintained by some operating systems, to keep track of how files are
stored on a disk.
file system: The method used by an operating system, of naming, accessing and organizing files and directories
on a disk. See also NTFS, FAT file system.
floppy disk: A removable storage medium, consisting of a small magnetic disk made of flexible plastic, housed
in a square protective envelope or cartridge. Originally, floppy disks really were ―floppy,‖ because they were
enclosed in a paper envelope. Also called a diskette, which is a better name for the more recent design that uses
a stiff plastic cartridge. Contrast with hard disk.
folder: A file that contains a catalog of files and other directories stored on a disk, which allows you to organize
your files into groups, making them easier to find. Equivalent to directory.
70
Glossary
formatting: A method of preparing a disk surface for use by placing certain magnetic patterns on it, which are
used by the file system in storing and retrieving data.
fragmentation: The word fragmentation means ―the state of being fragmented.‖ The word fragment means ―a
detached, isolated or incomplete part.‖ It is derived from the Latin fragmentum, which in turn is derived from
frangere, meaning ―break.‖ So, fragmentation means that something is broken into parts that are detached,
isolated or incomplete.
gigabyte: A measure of computer storage capacity equal to approximately a billion bytes. A gigabyte is two to
the 30th power, or 1,073,741,824 bytes.
graphical user interface (GUI): Pronounced ―gooey.‖ A user interface, as used in the Windows operating
systems, which uses a mouse and graphic displays to interact with the user, with the purpose to make the
computer system easier to use than other operating systems, such as MS-DOS.
GUI: See graphical user interface.
hard disk: One or more rigid metal platters, coated with magnetic material. Contrast with floppy disk, or
diskette, which is made of plastic. Also used to refer to the physical unit that makes up a disk drive.
hardware: The physical parts of a computer system, including devices such as printers and disk drives. Contrast
with software.
HyperFast: A separate product from Diskeeper Corporation that integrates seamlessly with Diskeeper to
optimize solid state drives (SSDs) and keep them running at peak performance level. SSD volumes do not
benefit from standard disk defragmentation, but their performance can be improved considerably with HyperFast
optimization.
I-FAAST: A Diskeeper exclusive, Intelligent File Access Acceleration Sequencing Technology (I-FAAST)
improves file access and creation on NTFS volumes by up to 80% (average 10%-20%) above and beyond the
improvement provided by defragmentation alone. This is the first industry implementation of ―Disk Performance
Calibration‖, the modern evolution of the outdated and inconclusive disk optimization strategies of the past.
InvisiTasking: A proprietary technology developed by Diskeeper Corporation that carefully monitors resource
consumption on a Windows computer system and injects Diskeeper processing into the unused portions—and
only into the unused portions. InvisiTasking is so good that it is all but impossible to even detect whether
Diskeeper is running.
I/O Smart: The Diskeeper I/O Smart feature intelligently monitors drive access during defragmentation to
ensure top system speed. When this option is selected, Diskeeper will temporarily suspend defragmentation
whenever other disk activity needs to occur (I/O throttling). This proprietary technology detects whether or not
the disk is busy with other I/O requests and pauses defragmentation to eliminate any potential interference with
user or system needs at the ―disk‖ level.
IDE: Integrated Device Electronics. One of several types of interfaces between a disk drive and a computer,
where the controller is built into the disk drive, which eliminates the need for a separate controller card in the
computer. See also ATA and SCSI.
integrated circuit: Also called a chip. A collection of electronic parts with a specific purpose, built into a single
physical package. See also central processing unit.
Intel: Manufacturer of processor chips, known especially for the Pentium and x86 processors.
interface: The connection and interaction between hardware, software and/or the user. For example, a disk
controller provides a physical interface between a computer and a disk drive. The keyboard, mouse and display
are an interface between a computer and the user.
Internet: A global network that links millions of computers. One popular section of the Internet is the World
Wide Web, which allows computer users to view text and pictures with the aid of a browser, such as Internet
Explorer. E-mail (electronic mail) is another popular part of the Internet, which allows computer users to send
and receive written messages.
Glossary
71
Internet Explorer: A software package developed by Microsoft for browsing the Internet, but increasingly used
with other applications.
job: A request to have the computer or its peripherals perform some activity. In relation to Diskeeper, it is a
request to have a disk defragmented.
log file: A file that keeps track of certain events as they occur. Windows maintains several log files that can be
viewed with the Event Viewer.
logical drive: That portion of the space on a disk drive that is considered by the software to be a single unit. In
this context, logical means ―conceptual.‖ because there is no direct relationship between the name and a
physical object. See also partition, volume.
long filenames: In the DOS operating system, filenames were limited to a maximum of eight characters,
followed by a period and up to three characters to indicate the type of file. This is also referred to as the 8.3 file
naming convention. The Windows 98 and later operating systems allow filenames that are over 200 characters
long. In addition, these filenames may contain a mixture of upper- and lowercase characters and embedded
spaces.
master file table (MFT): On an NTFS volume, the master file table is a file, which contains information about
all other files in that volume. This includes the name of each file, its physical location on the disk, and other
information.
media: A collective word for the physical material on which computer-based information is stored, such as a
CD-ROM or floppy disk. Media is the plural of medium, but like data is often used in the singular form.
medium: See media.
memory: The computer’s temporary working storage, where program instructions and data are kept, permitting
the CPU to process the instructions.
MFT: See master file table.
Microsoft: A computer software company, with its head office in the state of Washington; creators of the MSDOS and Windows operating systems.
MMC: Microsoft Management Console. MMC can be used to create, save and open administrative tools (called
snap-ins), such as Diskeeper. MMC provides a common user interface for system tools, as well as a system for
managing hardware, software and network components.
MS-DOS: Microsoft Disk Operating System. An operating system designed for a small computer with a single
user running one application program at a time.
multitasking: A feature of an operating system, where the computer can work on more than one task at a time.
See also background processing.
network: A group of computers that are connected together and capable of exchanging data with each other.
See also server, client.
NTFS: New Technology File System. A file system designed specifically for use with Windows NT, and carried
into Windows 2000 and later operating systems.
OEM: Acronym for original equipment manufacturer. The term is misleading, because an OEM typically buys
computers from another manufacturer, customizes them for a particular application, and then sells them under
the OEM’s own brand name.
operating system: A collection of programs, which perform system functions and control the running of
application programs and the allocation of resources.
Organizational Unit (OU): Organizational units are Active Directory containers into which you can place
users, groups, computers, and other organizational units.
72
Glossary
page file or paging file: An area of a disk that is set aside to hold data intended to reside in the computer’s
memory. Portions of the paging file are copied to memory as needed. This mechanism requires a much smaller
amount of physical memory than would be required if the entire program were to be loaded into memory all at
once. See also swap file.
partition: A subdivision of the space on a disk drive that is treated as though it were a separate physical unit. A
computer with only one hard disk drive can have a single partition, often called drive C:, or it can have several
partitions, such as drive C:, drive D:, and drive E:. See also volume, drive letter, primary partition, extended
partition, logical drive.
PATA: Parallel Advanced Technology Attachment. Originally called ATA, but retroactively renamed PATA
with the introduction of Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) interfaces. One of several methods of
interfacing disk drives and other devices to computers. See also ATA, IDE, SATA and SCSI.
Pentium: The name of a type of processor, introduced by Intel in 1993. It is the successor to the 80486 and
equivalent to the 80586 chip in the x86 series.
peripheral device: (Related to periphery, roughly meaning ―on the outside.‖) A device, such as a disk drive,
printer, keyboard or mouse, connected to and used by a computer.
permission: The ability of a user on a computer system to access or modify files, especially those that he or she
did not create. Permissions exist for security reasons, to prevent unauthorized access to sensitive information.
The system administrator assigns permissions, or ―who has access to what.‖
platform: The environment, in which a computer system operates, either based on the computer’s CPU or its
operating system. For example: the x86 platform, or the Windows Server 2003 platform.
platter: A disk drive consists of one or more platters, each of which can receive magnetic recordings on both
sides. The platter spins like a phonograph record on a turntable.
primary partition: In Windows and MS-DOS operating systems, the disk space on a disk drive may be divided
into a maximum of four primary partitions; or three primary partitions plus an extended partition, which in turn
can contain one or more logical drives.
priority: On a Windows system, several programs can appear to be running at once, even though the CPU can
only process one instruction at a time. With the help of the operating system, the CPU processes a few
instructions from one program, then a few instructions of the next program, and so on, over and over. Without
priority assignments, each program would be given about the same amount of time in each ―time slot.‖ but by
assigning priorities, the more important programs can be given longer time intervals than the less important
ones, allowing them to complete faster.
process: A program, along with the system resources the program requires to run. A process represents a unit of
resource ownership and work to be done. The operating system creates processes to keep track of resources and
to ensure the proper scheduling of tasks.
processor: See central processing unit.
program: A set of instructions that tell a computer what to do. Synonym: software.
RAID: Redundant Array of Independent Disks. A method of combining several disk drives to make one large
volume. Typically used on a network file server to achieve faster access, greater protection against disk failure,
or both.
record: A collection of related data items, treated as a unit. For example, in a file containing information about
a company’s customers, one record would consist of the particulars (name, address, phone number, etc.) of one
customer. See also field.
registry: A database that contains information about current hardware settings, installed software, user
preferences and associations between file types, and applications that access those files.
resource: Any part of a computer system, such as a disk drive, printer, or memory, which can be used by a
program.
Glossary
73
SATA: Serial Advanced Technology Attachment. A successor to ATA (which was later renamed PATA). One
of several methods of interfacing disk drives and other devices to computers. See also ATA, IDE, PATA and
SCSI.
SCSI: Small Computer System Interface. One of several methods of interfacing disk drives and other devices to
computers. See also ATA, IDE, PATA, and SATA.
server: On a computer network, a computer that makes resources available to other computers (clients or
workstations). For example, all the computers on a network can be set up to share a single high-speed printer,
which is connected to the server. Usually, the server is faster and more powerful than the client computers
connected to it.
service: A process that performs a specific system function and often provides an application programming
interface (API) for other processes to call. Diskeeper uses a Windows service, which allows Diskeeper to run in
the background while other applications are running.
Service Pack: A collection of software used to issue corrections and updates to software between major
releases. Usually refers to compilations of corrections and updates to a Windows operating system.
Set It and Forget It: A term that was created by Diskeeper Corporation, which is a registered trademark and
hallmark of the company. A ―Set It and Forget It‖ product can operate transparently (unseen by the user) and in
the background (concurrent with other applications). A Set It and Forget It product runs without further
intervention or attention from the user or administrator.
SMS: System Management Server. A software product from Microsoft, which permits the system administrator
on a Windows NT, Windows 2000 or Windows Server 2003 network to do such things as install and run new
software on different computers on the network, all from a single location.
snap-in: A program, such as Diskeeper, that can be used with the Microsoft Management Console (MMC). For
more information, see the MMC Help facility.
software: A generic term for computer programs, taken collectively. Contrast with hardware. Software can be
categorized into application software and system software.
sparse files: A method of storing large files—that contain mostly empty space and not much data—in a way that
uses much less disk space than would otherwise be used. Sparse file support allows an application to create very
large files without committing disk space for every byte.
swap file: A file on a disk drive that Windows 98/Me uses to hold temporary data that will not fit into memory.
When needed, the operating system moves data from the swap file to memory. See also paging file.
system: The collection of one or more computers and peripheral devices. Sometimes used as a synonym for
operating system, or the combination of hardware and software, as a logical unit.
system administrator: The person in charge of maintaining a multi-user computer system.
system file: In general, a file that is part of, or accessed by, the operating system. The Diskeeper Volume Map
display shows certain system files in green, particularly the master file table (MFT) and several other files that
cannot be moved safely by Diskeeper (or any other defragmenter). These are not the files that make up the
Windows operating system, but the files that make up the NTFS file system.
task: A program or portion thereof that is run as an independent entity.
terabyte: A measure of computer storage capacity equal to 2 to the 40th power or approximately a thousand
billion bytes (or a thousand gigabytes).
trialware: A free software package from Diskeeper Corporation, such as Diskeeper, that has the same
functionality as the official version of the software, but which works for a limited time period, after which it
expires. Trialware allows you to try the software before making a buying decision.
utility: A program that provides basic services or functions.
74
Glossary
volume: A subdivision of the space on a disk drive that is treated as though it were a separate physical unit, or a
combination of physical disks treated as a single unit. A computer with only one hard disk drive can have a
single volume, often called drive C:, or it can have several volumes, such as drive C:, drive D:, and drive E:. See
also drive letter, logical drive, partition.
volume set: In Windows, a single logical drive, which is composed of up to 32 areas of free space on one or
more disk drives. Volume sets can be used to combine small areas of free space on one or more disk drives into
a larger logical drive, or to create a single large logical drive out of two or more small disks.
Windows: A family of operating systems, first introduced by Microsoft in 1983, with a graphical user interface
and which ran on MS-DOS based computers. See also Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows NT, Windows 2000,
Windows XP, Windows Server 2003 and Windows Vista.
Windows 2000: Originally named Windows NT 5.0, Windows 2000 is a family of operating systems for
desktop computers and network servers, announced by Microsoft in 1998. Windows 2000 resembled Windows
NT 4.0 and Windows 98, but had many enhancements and new features. Windows 2000 is available in several
editions, ranging from Windows 2000 Professional to Windows 2000 Advanced Server.
Windows 95: A version of Microsoft Windows released in 1995. New features in Windows 95 with regard to its
predecessor, Windows 3.1, included a new user interface and support for 32-bit applications.
Windows 98: Successor to the Windows 95 operating system, Windows 98 featured support for the FAT32 file
system, greater Internet integration, and support for the latest (at the time) hardware developments.
Windows Home Server: Announced in 2007, a Microsoft operating system designed for home networks,
offering easy-to-use file and printer sharing, remote administration, remote access, media streaming, and other
home network administration features.
Windows Me: Short for Windows Millennium Edition, an operating system released by Microsoft in September
2000. Successor to Windows 98 and designed for home use, Windows Me offers enhancements in the areas of
digital media, user interface, home networking, and the Internet.
Windows NT: An operating system released by Microsoft in 1993 (NT stands for New Technology.) It has a
similar graphical user interface to Windows, but it does not run over MS-DOS and was designed specifically for
computer network environments.
Windows Server 2003: An operating system released by Microsoft in 2003 as the follow-up version to
Windows 2000 Server. Like its predecessor, it has a similar graphical user interface to Windows, but it does not
run over MS-DOS and has been designed specifically for computer network environments. Windows Server
2003 is available in Standard, Web, Enterprise, and Datacenter editions.
Windows Server 2008: An operating system released by Microsoft in 2008 as the follow-up version to
Windows Server 2003. More feature-rich and robust than its predecessor, it is designed to power the nextgeneration of networks, applications, and Web services.
Windows Vista: Previously known by the codename of ―Longhorn‖, Windows Vista is an operating system
released by Microsoft in 2007 as the follow-up version to Windows XP. It has an updated graphical user
interface as well as a number of other anticipated improvements. Windows Vista is available in a variety of
editions for corporate and personal use.
Windows XP: An operating system released by Microsoft in 2001 as the follow-up version to Windows 2000.
Like its predecessor, it has a similar graphical user interface to other Windows versions, but it does not run over
MS-DOS and has been designed specifically for computer network environments. Windows XP is available in
several editions for different uses, such as Windows XP Professional for corporate use, or Windows XP Home
Edition for home users.
workgroup: In Windows 2000 and later operating systems, a workgroup consists of one or more computers that
do not participate in a domain and are therefore responsible for their own security and administration.
workstation: A computer that has been set up for use by an individual typically connected to a network. The
term is also used to indicate a client computer, in contrast with a server.
Glossary
75
x86: Symbol to represent a series of CPUs, manufactured by Intel and others, including model numbers 8086,
80286, 80386, 80486 and 80586 (Pentium). All of the CPUs in this series have certain characteristics in
common, which permits software to be written that will run on any of them.
Index
77
Index
A
About the Diskeeper Administrator Service ................... 5
Activation
across the network ................................................... 25
Diskeeper ................................................................. 24
Additional software requirements .................................. 3
ADMIN$ Share ............................................................ 20
Administrative permissions .......................................... 45
Administrative Permissions
setting up ................................................................. 14
After the Installation ...................................................... 5
Alerts
configuring .............................................................. 41
receiving .................................................................. 41
Alerts ............................................................................ 40
Automatic Defrag Management ................................... 33
Automatic Defrag Management
creating a policy....................................................... 34
B
Background process ................................................. 5, 52
Before the Installation .................................................... 3
C
cache coherency ........................................................... 51
Check for product update ............................................... 5
Clear
alerts ........................................................................ 42
tasks ......................................................................... 42
Computers
selecting ..................................................................... 9
Configuration
Diskeeper Administrator .......................................... 45
Configuration Menu ..................................................... 60
Configuring the database.............................................. 13
D
Data set
alert history .............................................................. 37
computers and policies ............................................ 37
Diskeeper computers................................................ 36
fragmentation and performance ............................... 36
Database
configuration............................................................ 13
information .............................................................. 14
new .......................................................................... 14
server ....................................................................... 13
DCOM ........................................................................... 3
Defrag Management
automatic .................................................................. 33
Defragmentation
policies ..................................................................... 26
Defragmentation policies
creating..................................................................... 27
deploying.................................................................. 31
Diskeeper ................................................................. 27
Diskeeper 9 and 10 ................................................... 29
editing .......................................................... 30, 33, 35
Deploying Diskeeper .................................................... 18
Deployment
policies ..................................................................... 31
Deployment policies
creating..................................................................... 32
Diskeeper ................................................................. 32
Description area .............................................................. 9
Design Goals ................................................................ 51
Disk space required ........................................................ 3
Diskeeper
activation .................................................................. 24
controlling remotely ................................................. 43
deploying.................................................................. 18
design goals .............................................................. 51
features ..................................................................... 48
features overview ..................................................... 47
job queue .................................................................. 44
license management ................................................. 22
network activation .................................................... 25
reinstalling.................................................................. 6
updates and upgrades ............................................... 20
what’s new ............................................................... 47
Diskeeper Administrator
updates ..................................................................... 45
Diskeeper Administrator
alerts ......................................................................... 40
configuration ............................................................ 45
getting started ............................................................. 1
overview ..................................................................... 1
ports used by ............................................................ 15
reports ...................................................................... 35
service ........................................................................ 5
uninstalling................................................................. 6
using the console ........................................................ 7
Diskeeper Local
updates ..................................................................... 45
Display
Getting Started ......................................................... 15
E
Editing Exclusion Lists................................................. 44
Error messages.............................................................. 61
Exclusion List ............................................................... 44
editing on network computers .................................. 44
78
Index
F
File Menu ..................................................................... 59
Filtering reports ............................................................ 12
Firewalls......................................................................... 4
Fragmentation
definition of ...................................................... viii, 51
effects of ........................................................... viii, 51
G
Getting Started ............................................................. 13
Getting Started Menu ................................................... 59
Glossary ....................................................................... 67
Groups
creating .................................................................... 43
managing ................................................................. 43
overview .................................................................. 43
Configuration ........................................................... 60
File ........................................................................... 59
Getting Started ......................................................... 59
Help .......................................................................... 60
Job Queue ................................................................ 60
Manage Diskeeper .................................................... 59
Reports and Alerts .................................................... 59
View ......................................................................... 59
Menu Bar ........................................................................ 9
Microsoft SQL Server Desktop Engine .......................... 2
MMC .............................................................................. 3
MSDE ....................................................................... 2, 13
N
Navigation ...................................................................... 7
other tips .................................................................... 9
Network
editing exclusion lists on a ....................................... 44
NTFS ........................................................................... viii
H
Help Menu ................................................................... 60
I
Information area ............................................................. 9
Installation
after the ...................................................................... 5
before the ................................................................... 3
overview .................................................................... 4
short version .............................................................. 4
Installation Procedure .................................................... 4
Installing Diskeeper
across the network ................................................... 18
stopping the installation ........................................... 19
Installing Service Packs ................................................. 5
InvisiTasking................................................................ 48
IP Address
specifying a range .................................................... 12
J
Job Queue .................................................................... 44
Job Queue Menu .......................................................... 60
L
Licenses
management actions ................................................. 23
managing ................................................................. 22
Logging
Application Event Log ............................................... 6
M
Mail server ................................................................... 45
Manage Diskeeper Menu ............................................. 59
Menu
O
Operation ........................................................................ 7
Outgoing mail server .................................................... 45
Overview ........................................................................ 1
P
Performance.................................................................. 52
Permissions
administrative ........................................................... 45
Platforms supported ........................................................ 3
Policies
creating............................................................... 27, 32
defragmentation........................................................ 26
deploying.................................................................. 31
deployment ......................................................... 31, 32
Diskeeper ................................................................. 27
Diskeeper 9 and 10 ................................................... 29
editing .......................................................... 30, 33, 35
Ports
used by Diskeeper Administrator ............................. 15
Preface .......................................................................... vii
Process Live Disks ....................................................... 52
Proxy server .................................................................. 45
Purge options ................................................................ 42
Purge queue and Alert history ...................................... 45
PushInstall
installing across the network .................................... 18
stopping.................................................................... 19
PushInstall .................................................................... 18
Q
Quick filtering .............................................................. 12
Quick Launch Pane ........................................................ 9
Index
R
Registering Diskeeper .................................................... 5
Remote Control ............................................................ 43
Repairing Windows........................................................ 6
Report
creating a ................................................................. 38
filtering a ................................................................. 39
launching actions from ............................................ 40
naming ..................................................................... 38
printing a.................................................................. 40
purging data ............................................................. 42
saving a .................................................................... 40
selecting computers ................................................. 38
selecting data sets .................................................... 38
selecting the data source .......................................... 38
selecting the schedule .............................................. 39
summary .................................................................. 39
viewing status of ...................................................... 39
Report details ............................................................... 36
Reports
filtering .................................................................... 12
Reports ......................................................................... 35
Reports and Alerts Menu ............................................. 59
Requirements, additional software ................................. 3
Resource requirements ................................................... 3
S
Safety ........................................................................... 51
Selecting computers ....................................................... 9
Service Pack ................................................................... 5
Service,Diskeeper Administrator ................................... 5
SETUP.EXE .................................................................. 4
Software, additional requirements .................................. 3
79
SQL Server ............................................................... 2, 13
Support Services
Europe ...................................................................... 66
U.S., Asian and Latin American ............................... 65
T
Theory of Operation ..................................................... 51
Toolbar ........................................................................... 8
Troubleshooting ........................................................... 61
U
Uninstalling Diskeeper ................................................... 6
across the network .................................................... 19
Updates
checking for................................................................ 5
Updates and upgrades
Diskeeper ................................................................. 20
steps ......................................................................... 20
V
Versions supported ......................................................... 3
View Menu ................................................................... 59
W
Windows
Application Event Log ............................................... 6
repairing ..................................................................... 6
resource requirements ................................................ 3
service packs .............................................................. 5
versions and platforms supported ............................... 3
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