digital cinematography camera system hd900f operation manual

digital cinematography camera system hd900f operation manual
DIGITAL CINEMATOGRAPHY
CAMERA SYSTEM
HD900F OPERATION MANUAL
HARDWARE VERSION /3
ULTRA PRECISION EQUIPMENT FOR THE MOTION PICTURE INDUSTRY
written by
Eric Erb
Andrew Young
design, photos, and layout
Eric Erb
Andrew Young
photographs were shot using the Kodak Preview System with Primo lenses
HD900F OPERATION MANUAL
COPYRIGHT 2002
VERSION 3.0
May 2004
2
HD900F
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
In 1997, Panavision and Sony announced their
collaboration on the development of a 24P digital high
definition camera suitable for use by filmmakers to
create big screen motion picture image quality. We
knew, from 45 years of experience, that a complete
imaging system approach was the only way for
traditional film crews to make a seamless transition into
digital production. With this in mind, we made a number
of modifications to the Sony HDW-F900 24P camera. For
starters, the Panavised camera received a heavy duty
front plate and lens mount modified to work with our
specially designed Primo Digital® lenses. The system now
accommodates most of our standard film camera
accessories as well as new accessories designed
exclusively for digital cinematography.
In addition to the mechanical modifications to the camera,
a unique optical pre-filter gives you better color matching
with film emulsions and enhanced resolution for blue
screen effects cinematography. Last, but not least, we
designed the new ULTRAVIEW viewfinder for studio and
handheld cine-style use. It presents a 2 times larger
image along with a greater diopter range.
Panavision is committed to continuously developing our
Digital Imaging system in close collaboration with our
clients, just as we have done with our film systems over
the last 45 years. Now your HD project will benefit from
the same dedication to customer service and superior
image quality that is the hallmark of Panavision.
3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
CAMERA SPECIFICATIONS
CONNECTOR SPECIFICATIONS
FRAME RATES AND SHUTTER SPEEDS
CAMERA WEIGHTS
CAMERA MEASUREMENTS
SIDE CAMERA VIEWS
FRONT AND REAR CAMERA VIEWS
PROGRESSIVE VS. INTERLACE
GENERAL IMAGING CONSIDERATIONS
SECTION 2.0
2.1
2.2
PACKING AND SHIPPING
CAMERA BODY CASE
ACCESSORY CASE
SECTION 3.0
PRIMO DIGITAL® LENSES
3.1
3.2
3.3
PRIMO DIGITAL® LENS DESIGN
FILM / HD COMPARATIVE RESOLUTION
ASPHERICAL AND FISHEYE ATTACHMENTS
3.4
3.5
PRIMO DIGITAL® LENS EXTENDERS
SETTING BACK FOCUS
SECTION 4.0
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11
44
CAMERA ASSEMBLY
FRONT FACEPLATE AND FOLLOW FOCUS
VIEWFINDERS
ON-BOARD MONITORS AND BRACKET
LENS LIGHT
VOLTAGE UPCONVERTER
CARRY HANDLE
SIDE PANEL CONNECTORS
MIRANDA DOWNCONVERTER
REAR PANEL CONNECTORS
HD SDI ADAPTER
ON-BOARD BATTERIES
CAMERA OPERATION
HDCAM CASSETTE
VTR CONTROLS
VIEWFINDER CONTROLS
REMOTE CONTROL
FILTER WHEELS
MEMORY STICK
TIMECODE
TIMECODE SWITCHES AND BUTTONS
USING TIMECODE
MAIN CAMERA SWITCHES
MENUS
USER MENU
OPERATION MENU
PAINT MENU
SETTING THE FRAME RATE
VIEWFINDER FRAMELINE MARKINGS
TV 16X9 TRANS & 4X3 TRANS / SAFE
TV 16X9 TRANS & 1.85 THEATRICAL
TV 16X9 TRANS & 2.40 THEATRICAL
PREP ROUTINE
A.C. PRE-ROLL CHECKLIST
PRODUCTION CONSIDERATIONS
TROUBLESHOOTING
SMART LENS
METADATA
SECTION 6.0
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.4.1
6.4.2
6.5
MONITORS
MONITORS
9" HD SDI MONITOR
14" HD SDI MONITOR
20" & 24" HD SDI MONITOR
20" & 24" MONITOR CALIBRATION
20" & 24" MONITOR FRAMELINE SETTINGS
HD SDI WAVEFORM MONITORS
SECTION 7.0
INDEX
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 5.0
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.7.1
5.7.2
5.8
5.9
5.9.1
5.9.2
5.9.3
5.9.4
5.10
5.10.1
5.10.2
5.10.3
5.11
5.12
5.13
5.14
5.15
5.16
HD900F
TABLE OF CONTENTS
5
6
HD900F
1.0 GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
7
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
1.0
1.1 CAMERA SPECIFICATIONS
Imager
RGB 2/3" CCDs
Effective Pixels
1920 (H) x 1080 (V) each
2.1 million pixels each, 6.3 million total
.378" x .212"
Power
12 v DC (range 11-17v)
Built-in Filters
ND Filters
1: Clear
2: .6 - (2 Stops)
3: 1.2 - (4 Stops)
4: 1.8 - (6 Stops)
88
CC
A:
B:
C:
D:
Filters
5600K
3200K
4300K
6300K
Lens Mount
Panavision HD Mount (proprietary)
Baseplate
Panavision Dovetail with 5/8" rods
Steadicam® Plates
Bottom Dovetail Plate for Regular Mode
Top Handle Plate for Low Mode
Sensitivity
Minimum ISO 320 tungsten
Cassette Tape
HDCAM: BCT-22HD, BCT-32HD, or BCT-40HD
Running Times
22 min. @ 30 fps or 27.5 min. @ 24fps
32 min. @ 30 fps or 40.0 min @ 24fps
40 min. @ 30 fps or 50.0 min. @ 24fps
Audio Quality
20 bit, 48kHz Digital (up to 4 channels)
Preset Storage
Sony Memory Stick
Eyepiece
Panavision Ultraview® - 2 modes: Extension
and Intermediate / Hand-held or
Ultraview® Color Viewfinder
SMARTLENS™
Compatibility
High resolution digital encoders to record
T-stop, focus, and zoom positions
HD900F
1.2 CONNECTOR SPECIFICATIONS
DC out
Hirose, 12V DC, 4 pin (2 A max)
REM
Lemo, 10 pin 1B
Pin 1 - VTR Start / Stop
Pin 6 - Ground
VTR, shutter, menu controls (HDRP)
Audio In
2 Channels – XLR, 3 pin female
Pin 1 – Ground
2 – Input (hi)
3 – Input (low)
2 additional channels with HDSDI adapter
(HDCAA)
Mic In
1 Channel – XLR, 3 pin female (+48v)
Pin 1 – Ground
2 – Input (hi)
3 – Input (low)
Audio Out
2 Channel on 1 – XLR, 5 pin male (E-E)
Pin 1 – Analog Ground (shield)
2 – Ch. 1 Output (hi)
3 – Ch. 1 Output (low)
4 – Ch. 2 Output (hi)
5 – Ch. 2 Output (low)
2 additional channels with HDSDI adapter
(HDCAA)
Genlock In
BNC
Genlock Out
BNC (using analog Y channel)
Timecode In
BNC
Timecode Out
BNC
Video Out
Y, Pb, Pr Analog
HD SDI (with HDCA adapter)
Remote Control
Hirose (special) – 8 pin
9
1.1/2 GENERAL & CONNECTOR SPECS
XLR, 4 pin male 11-17 v
Pin 1 – ground (-)
Pin 4 – positive (+)
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
DC In
1.3 FRAME RATES AND SHUTTER SPEEDS
Frame Rates (MAINTENANCE MENU page: M7)
Progressive
23.98 PsF
24 PsF
25 PsF
29.97 PsF
30 PsF
Interlace
50i
59.94i
60i
Shutter Angles (PAINT MENU page: P12
Control)
SHUTTER SPEED
Shutter OFF = 1/24 sec
1/32
1/48
1/96
1/125
1/250
1/500
1/1000
or with the Remote
EQUIV. SHUTTER ANGLE
360.00 degree
270.00
180.00
90.00
69.12
34.56
17.28
8.64
ECS - Extended Clear Scan 24 Hz - 2200 Hz @ 24fps
Used to set intermediate shutter speeds and / or shoot
practical monitors.
The equivalent shutter angle, for a film camera, is found by the
following formula: 360 * fps / Hz = shutter angle.
10
10
Body (without SDI)
HD900F
14.9 lbs.
Body (With SDI)
HD900F, HDCA
17.2
HDCA
2.3
HDET, HDEP
4.8
Intermediate / HH Eyepiece
HDEP
3.6
Follow Focus w/1 Knob
HDFB, HDFD, MFF
1.9
Hand Held Rig
HDHR
2.4
Clip-on Mattebox
MBPC
1.0
HDLM
0.5
Top
Steadicam®
Bottom
Plate
Steadicam®
HDSP
1.2
Voltage Upconverter w/cable
Plate
HDUC
0.9
Anton Bauer Battery
AB100
5.4
SD5
3.0
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
SDI Adapter
Extension Eyepiece
HD900F
1.4 CAMERA WEIGHTS
LENSES
Primo Digital® 5mm Prime Lens
7mm Prime Lens
SD7
3.2
Primo
Digital®
10mm Prime Lens
SD10
3.7
Primo
Digital®
14mm Prime Lens
SD14
2.8
Primo Digital® 20mm Prime Lens
SD20
3.6
Primo Digital® 35mm Prime Lens
SD35
2.9
Primo
Digital®
6-27mm w/Motor
SDZW
8.0
Primo
Digital®
25-112mm w/Motor
SDZT
7.0
Primo
Digital®
9.5-105mm w/Motor
SLZ11D
23.0
SDZ9
8.6
Primo Digital® 8-72mm w/Motor
1.4X Extender for Primo
2X Extender for Primo
Digital®
Digital®
Zoom 1.4XSD
Zoom
2XSD
0.7
0.9
Double Asphere Attachment for 5mm
CDA
1.2
Wide Angle Fisheye Adapter for 7mm
WFA
1.4
Hand Held Configuration:
1.3/4 FRAME RATES & CAMERA WEIGHTS
Primo
Digital®
29.3
(Hand Held Viewfinder, SDI, HDUC, Follow
Focus w/1 Knob, HDHR, MBPC, Remote –
No Lens)
11
12
HD900F
1.5 CAMERA MEASUREMENTS
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
1.5 CAMERA MEASUREMENTS
13
14
HD900F
1.6 SIDE CAMERA VIEWS
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
1.6 SIDE CAMERA VIEWS
15
16
HD900F
1.7 FRONT AND REAR CAMERA VIEWS
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
1.7 FRONT AND REAR CAMERA VIEWS
17
Static Interlaced
Image consists of two
fields
Moving image appears to
the eye as a blurred, broken edge
18
Field 1 (odd lines
1,3,5, etc.)
Field 2 (even lines
2,4,6, etc.)
60 field to 24 frame
conversion requires the
mixing of 3 fields
resulting in additional
motion blur
HD900F
1.8 PROGRESSIVE VS. INTERLACE
INTERLACE:
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
The 24P HD Electronic Cinematography Camera System
is a PROGRESSIVE capture device unlike older video
cameras that capture the image in an INTERLACE
manner.
A video scanning system where the odd
numbered lines are scanned separately
from the even numbered lines. The odd
numbered lines form field one, the even
lines make up the second field. The
combination of two fields comprises one
frame.
PROGRESSIVE:
A video system in which all lines
comprising a frame are scanned in
sequence rather than interlaced.
The interlace mode of capture has inherent motion
artifacts and is difficult to transfer to film. The
progressive mode of shooting captures the complete
resolution at once, at the same point in time; and
therefore allows a perfect one-to-one transfer to film.
1.8 PROGRESSIVE VS. INTERLACE
19
1.9 GENERAL IMAGING CONSIDERATIONS
The HD900F has a wide range of menu settings that allow the user to control the
look of the picture. These settings can be a powerful tool to change or modify the
captured image. Most components of the video signal can be manipulated. Levels,
saturation, gamma and matrix will have a major influence over the final video
output, be it for TV or film.
While there is no right or wrong way to approach how the camera is used, you
should be aware of the consequences of employing certain menu functions. We
do not determine who will make adjustments or when these functions will be
employed, but in most cases, they are made at the behest of the DP. While these
features may prove useful for shows that are video out only (TV), if misused,
they can have irreversible consequences on a film-out show (feature). Judicious
use of these features can prove beneficial. However, minimum manipulation of
the image that will result in a clean camera master is desirable. It is better to
leave the decision to alter the image for the less stressful environment of the
post production suite. Post production tools offer the ability to manipulate the
image to a much higher degree than the camera allows. The following list is not
inclusive of every menu function, but provides a brief explanation of why certain
precautions should be heeded.
Detail: The detail function will provide artificial enhancement to the video image
particularly around the edge of an object. This feature, like several others, is
incorporated into the camera for live TV broadcast productions. Historically,
detail circuits were used to compensate for limitations of optics or electronics.
While this is useful for TV applications, employing detail for a film output
production will put unnatural edging around the subject. In addition, use of detail
will make the quality of CGI or mattes very poor since the matte process tries to
avoid any appearance of edges.
DCC: DCC is Dynamic Contrast Control, or Auto Knee. It is accessible through a
toggle switch on the side of the camera body which also controls bars on and off.
This operation intelligently monitors the brightness of all areas in a scene, and
automatically adapts the knee point and slope for optimum reproduction at that
particular scene location within the picture. This is preferred to clipping or losing
information, the DCC can automatically pull the level down (compress) so the
highlight will not "blow out". A classic example is shooting an interior scene which
includes a bright sunlit exterior seen through a window. Some breathing can still
be seen using the DCC circuit if a bright object enters the frame, if this is
objectionable please use the manual knee.
Knee Saturation: This function makes it possible to reproduce natural colors in a
scene where knee is used. When knee correction is added to a scene, it can lead
to color desaturation in highlight areas. Knee Saturation can automatically retain
correct color in these areas and maintain the saturation in those picture areas
compressed by the knee function.
Flare: Electronically corrects for light transmission problems in a lens. As light is
transmitted through glass the rays are scattered and the image is perceived to
have less contrast. Flare can correct this by automatically balancing the black
levels. Because of the superior performance of the Panavision lenses, flare
control is not needed.
20
20
HD900F
1.9 GENERAL IMAGING CONSIDERATIONS
Clear Scan and ECS (Extended Clear Scan): This function eliminates the
banding effect when shooting a monitor display by allowing the shutter speed
to be adjusted so that it exactly matches the scanning frequency that are in
use. The Clear Scan shutter speed range is from 24.00 to 2200 (1080/
23.98psf), 30.00 to 4300Hz (1080/59.94i mode). The ECS function is
especially effective under 60 Hz.
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Black Gamma: This circuit allows for stretch or compression of the toe
(black) portion of the video signal. This can be used to affect the contrast in
the dark areas of the picture while not changing the mid-tones or highlights.
Since this portion of the signal contains the highest amount of gain, it is
closest to the noise floor. Consequently, expanding the signal will also
introduce more noise into the picture. This may not always be a desired
addition to the final look. For a film-out project, testing is prudent.
Matrix: The matrix is a series of mathematical calculations that are applied to
the color output of the camera. Its purpose is to match the color space of the
camera to the final display device. It is similar to certain equalization curves
that are employed in the recording industry to ensure that the playback
system will reproduce the original recording faithfully. In the video world,
matrix is used to provide a set of equations that relate to the reproducing
characteristics of various sets of phosphors that are used in TV picture tubes.
This function (like others on the camera) has roots in the early days of color
television when technology and economics determined that some circuits
would be placed in the camera and others in the receiver. As with detail,
matrix can prove useful for a broadcast or video only production. Use of the
matrix for a film-out production is cautioned since the film-out device will not
be able to recreate the proper color space from the camera to match the film
emulsion (the equation is no longer valid). If color manipulation is desired, it
is recommended that one shoot a test using the matrix to create the
appropriate look. This test can be used as a guide for the facility that will be
doing the film-out.
Due to inherent differences in imaging characteristics between a CCD, a
monitor, and the human eye, certain translations are necessary. The
Gamma and Matrix settings interpret the CCD image so that the monitor
image will approximate the actual subject.
Gamma should always be turned ON and set to COARSE 0.45, TABLE
STANDARD 5. This references the ITU REC 709 standard. This gamma
correction is especially important for video output, and can be manipulated
for film output, and so should be left on all the time. (see section 5.9.3)
21
1.9 GENERAL IMAGING CONSIDERATIONS
Use of the camera in the preset modes will produce perfectly good images
that can be manipulated with a much higher degree of control in the post
environment. In short, you do not need to have a comprehensive knowledge
of the paint menu to produce a good image. Again, there is no right or
wrong way, but this manual addresses those features that are necessary for
a camera assistant to master.
1.9 GENERAL IMAGING CONSIDERATIONS
Shooting 24P for Film output:
Since the HD monitor is much closer to the final video image, but only an
approximation of the film image, there are some recommendations in order to
maximize quality of final film output:
-
GAMMA ON as above
MATRIX OFF
GAIN set to 6dB or less, to avoid adding excessive noise to final image.
Use less diffusion. Consider using a filter of 1/2 the value used with film negative.
DETAIL OFF This is especially important because it will degrade the film output.
FLARE OFF
We caution against using paint menus for image manipulation if finishing on film
because the monitor image and paint effects do not directly correlate to the film
image, and they are usually irreversible.
Shooting 24P for Video output:
(No future film-out foreseen or planned)
When shooting for video finish, the HD monitor is in effect your final image.
Therefore adjustments can be made in the camera with more confidence in the
intended results. Standard recommended settings are:
-
GAMMA ON as above
MATRIX ON, PRESET ON, ITU-709
USER MATRIX OFF
MULTI-MATRIX OFF
GAIN set to 6dB or less.
FLARE OFF
All the paint adjustments can be set for creative effect, but the user must be aware
that many settings cannot be undone in post. On the other hand, if the camera
image is recorded clean, many powerful creative manipulations are available in the
color correction stage.
NOTE:
The MATRIX must be OFF for blue or green screen shots because it may
create undesirable artifacts.
NOTE:
To restore the paint menus to their Panavision default settings, recall the
STANDARD file on menu page P13, by clicking on it twice.
22
22
HD900F
2.0 PACKING AND SHIPPING
23
PACKING AND SHIPPING
2.0
24
HD900F
2.1 CAMERA BODY CASE
The HD900F camera system is comprised of 2 cases, one
containing the camera body and the other containing the
camera accessories. The camera is stored without the
eyepiece attached.
PACKING AND SHIPPING
Included with the camera is an AC to DC power converter
(HDPS) with 2 24V DC and 2 12V DC outputs for camera
and accessory power.
CASE CONTENTS:
HD900F
HDEP
HDET
HDVP
HDCA or HDCAA
HDUC
HDRP
HDPCM
ABGM or IDXA
HDPS
CBLE-IECNA
CBLE-12P (2)
Camera HD900F
HD Ultraview® Viewfinder
HD Extension Tube
HD Viewfinder Pivot
HD SDI Cam Adapter
(data or audio)
HD Accessory Voltage Upconverter
HD Remote Control Panel
HD Camera Mount
AB Goldmount or IDX Battery Adapter
HD 24/12DC Power Supply
IEC/N. America Mains Plug
12V Power Cable (XLR4)
2.1 CAMERA BODY CASE
25
26
HD900F
2.2 ACCESSORY CASE
Clip-on polarizer matte box is optional.
CASE CONTENTS:
MFFGB
MFFSK (2)
MFFEX
FXHL
FFX
EPL-M
PLL
HDLM
HDSP
HDRB
CBLE-ZLP (2)
IRISROD
Modular Follow Focus Gear Box
Modular Follow Focus Single Speed Knob
Modular Follow Focus Extension
Offset Handle
Follow Focus Extension 12"
Eyepiece Leveler - Millennium
Panaflex Lens Light
HD Low-Mode Bracket
HD Steadicam Plate
HD Rod Bracket
Zoom Lens Power Cable
Pair of 10" Irisrods
PACKING AND SHIPPING
The accessory case holds a 4x5 swing away matte box with
mattes, sunshade, follow focus and knobs, Panavision
Steadicam plates, eyepiece leveler, lens light, whip, follow
focus bracket, and side rod adapter.
2.2 ACCESSORY CASE
27
28
HD900F
3.0 PRIMO DIGITAL® LENSES
29
PRIMO DIGITAL® LENSES
3.0
®
30
HD900F
3.1 PRIMO DIGITAL® LENS DESIGN
Primo Digital® Lenses were designed specifically for the
2/3” CCD imager to optimize image quality. They are
not modified cine lenses. However, Primo Digital ®
primes and zoom lenses fully incorporate the optical,
mechanical and ergonomic characteristics of our Primo
cine lenses with additional features to enhance electronic
cinematography.
•
•
•
•
•
•
PRIMO DIGITAL® LENSES
•
High contrast and resolution for maximum sharpness. 2.5
times that of our cine Primo lenses to accommodate the
2/3” imagers.
Optimized for maximum image quality at fast maximum
apertures of T1.6 – 1.9 (f1.45 – 1.75), thus enabling
depths of field similar to 35mm cine formats.
Very low veiling glare, ghosting, lateral color and distortion.
Dual expanded, calibrated and accurate focus scales.
Precision back focus adjustment – on all lenses including
Digital Primes.
Internal filter slot – to selectively control colorimetry and
resolution/contrast.
For use with the SMARTLENS™ system, Panavision lenses
are available with integral encoders for display of focus,
zoom and aperture position.
PRIMO DIGITAL® LENSES:
5mm T1.8 Primo Digital® Prime
10½" CF
SD7
7mm T1.6 Primo Digital® Prime
12"
CF
SD10
10mm T1.6 Primo Digital® Prime
12"
CF
SD14
14mm T1.6 Primo Digital® Prime
12"
CF
SD20
20mm T1.6 Primo Digital® Prime
13"
CF
SD35
35mm T1.6 Primo Digital® Prime
20"
CF
SDZW
6-27mm T1.8 Primo Digital® Zoom
22"
CF
SDZT
25-112mm T1.9 Primo Digital® Zoom
32"
CF
SDZ9
8-72mm T1.9 Primo Digital® Zoom
3'
CF
SLZ11D
9.5-105 T1.6 Primo Digital® Zoom
4¼'
CF
1.4SXD
1.4X extender for Primo Digital® Zoom
2XSD
2X extender for Primo Digital® Zoom
CDA
Double Asphere Attachment, 5mm = 4mm
WFA
Wide Angle Fisheye Adapter for 7mm
3.1 PRIMO DIGITAL® LENS DESIGN
SD5
31
3 perf 16x9 35 mm film area
2/3” HD CCD
20 cycles / mm
32
50 cycles / mm
HD900F
3.2 FILM / HD COMPARATIVE RESOLUTION
PRIMO DIGITAL® LENSES
The 2/3" CCD imager is actually only 11mm in diagonal
(as opposed to the 27.5mm diagonal of a 35mm motion
picture film frame). Therefore, for any given screen size,
the 2/3" CCD will require 2.5 times more horizontal magnification than a 35mm film frame. This required that
our new Primo Digital® lens series be designed to have
2.5 times the performance of our best cine lenses. All of
the new Primo Digital® lenses provide their optimum performance at their maximum aperture.
On the left side of this graphic is a 16x9 format, 35mm
film camera aperture. On the right side is the image
area of a 2/3" CCD drawn to the same scale. In order to
have the same performance as a Primo cine lens, Primo
DigitalTM lenses achieve 80% contrast at 50 line pairs per
millimeter on the 2/3" CCD (2.5 times better frequency
response).
3.2 FILM / HD COMPARATIVE RESOLUTION
33
3.3 ASPHERICAL AND FISHEYE ATTACHMENTS
34
34
HD900F
3.4 PRIMO DIGITAL® LENS EXTENDERS
PRIMO DIGITAL® LENSES
3.3/4 ATTACHMENTS & EXTENDERS
35
INTERNAL
FILTER
SLOT
BACK
FOCUS
LOCK
BACK
FOCUS
ADJUST
RING
36
HD900F
3.4 SETTING BACK FOCUS
In order to gain the maximum performance from any
lens, it is necessary that back focus be adjusted.
Using a lens that is not properly adjusted will result in
soft (out of focus) images.
While lenses for motion
pictures have a fixed back focus that is adjusted by a
service technician, lenses for video employ an integral
adjustment that is set by the user.
PRIMO DIGITAL® LENSES
WARNING :
Be aware that extreme temperature
changes can affect camera parameters
such as black balance and back focus.
Check the lenses after every lens
change and after they have “warmedup” on the camera. Also, you MUST
check and/or readjust back focus when
switching lenses on different cameras.
Setting back focus is a simple process and once a few
steps are practiced, it can be performed quickly.
Test equipment :
It is helpful to have a chart that contains high
frequency (fine vertical lines) information. As an
alternative, look at a flat subject with fine detail
(newspaper) and high contrast.
3.4 SETTING BACK FOCUS
If you have a waveform monitor on the set, observe a
properly focused image in the green channel. You
should find this an aid to finding the proper setting.
If you will be judging focus from a monitor, the 24” is
best. The 14” will suffice, but do not use a 9” monitor
for this procedure.
The following steps describe the procedure for both
zoom and fixed focal length lenses.
37
38
Zoom lenses :
1. Set the chart and the lens at a precisely measured close distance
that coincides with an engraved mark on the focus scale. This mark
should be no closer than the minimum focus plus 6" and no further
than the ability to resolve fine detail on the chart.
2. Follow steps 2, 5, 6, and 9 above. Note: on wide angle lenses it may
be difficult to confirm the distance scale by eye due to the extreme
depth of field of a wide angle lens.
39
3.4 SETTING BACK FOCUS
Fixed focal length lenses:
PRIMO DIGITAL® LENSES
1. Set up a chart or flat test subject at around 4 – 6 feet from the focal
plane.
2. Open the iris to the MAXIMUM aperture (T1.8, etc.). Use the incamera ND filters if necessary.
3. Set the zoom to the longest focal length (zoom in) and front focus
the lens for the sharpest image. At this point you will find it helpful
to adjust the camera viewfinder peaking control to a minimal amount
of peaking. This will show very fine focus changes. It is sometimes
helpful to turn off or lower the brightness on the viewfinder to
emphasize contrast. Practice by observing the peaking while racking
the follow focus slowly to find the sharpest point (peaking just on).
4. Now, set the lens to the WIDEST focal length (zoom out).
5. Unlock the back focus lock (just enough to move the adjustment
ring). The lock is the ring located in front of the back focus
adjustment ring.
6. Move the adjustment ring slowly while observing the viewfinder
peaking, or the waveform monitor, or the picture monitor (24”
preferably) for the best focus. Look at the finest detail that you can
discern.
7. Again, set the lens to the maximum focal length (zoom in) and front
focus for the sharpest image.
8. Zoom wide. If image is not sharp at the wide end, repeat step 4
above and adjust back focus (per step 6).
9. Lock back focus ring, making sure not to move back focus
adjustment.
10. Double-check the lens after securing the lock. You should be able to
zoom in, front focus and then zoom wide and maintain focus
throughout the focal range.
11. Confirm the distance scale on the front focus ring by placing the chart
at measured distances and checking the engraved scale.
HD900F
3.4 SETTING BACK FOCUS
40
HD900F
4.0 CAMERA ASSEMBLY
41
CAMERA ASSEMBLY
4.0
TAPE
HOOK
EYEPIECE
AND ACC.
DOVETAIL
MIC IN
BASEPLATE
DOVETAIL
FOLLOW
FOCUS
LOCK
VERT.
ADJUST
LOCK
COLLET
LOCKS
42
HD900F
4.1 FRONT FACEPLATE AND FOLLOW FOCUS
Front Faceplate
CAMERA ASSEMBLY
The front of the camera has been modified with a
Panavision HD Lens Mount and a redesigned and
strengthened faceplate. A proprietary Panavision bottom
dovetail has been added to interface with the baseplate
system which includes 5/8" PV iris rod collets for
supporting lenses and holding the follow focus assembly.
Follow Focus Assembly
The follow focus bracket consists of an iris rod bracket
that mounts onto the bottom rods and a dovetail bracket
that holds the Modular Follow Focus.
Each lens has its focus gear at a different position so you
must reposition the follow focus assembly when changing
lenses. The bracket assembly must be mounted forward
enough so that the zoom pin clears the gearbox.
43
4.1 FRONT FACEPLATE & FOLLOW FOCUS
1. Slide the bracket assembly onto the rods and adjust
fore and aft for centering to the lens focus gear.
2. Slide MFF Gearbox onto dovetail far enough to lock it.
3. Then raise the follow focus until it engages the lens
gear with proper gear mesh, and lock the vertical
adjustment lock.
4. Fine tune gearbox position and lock fore / aft using
irisrod collet locks.
LOCK
LEVER
SAFETY
BUTTON
44
HD900F
4.2 VIEWFINDERS
The Panavision ULTRAVIEW® Viewfinders are available in
black and white or color versions.
Black and White Viewfinder - HDEP
The black and white viewfinder is convertible into two
modes that allow it to function as an extension eyepiece,
and an intermediate eyepiece / hand-held eyepiece.
Adjustments are provided for fore and aft position of the
mount as well as side to side for left eye viewing.
CAMERA ASSEMBLY
The viewfinder assembly also includes additional features
such as an extended diopter range and marking ring, a
Panaclear eyecup and a 2x larger image than a stock
camera. The eyepiece retains the original black and
white CRT, but the adjustment controls are relocated to
the side. The CRT is interlace (see section 1.8) which
shows some exaggerated blur and strobing that is NOT
on the tape.
• See section 5.3 for viewfinder controls.
WARNING:
DO NOT rotate the finder 180 degrees to
the left (to rest it on the mattebox as with
a film camera) as this will break the
internal stops and wiring!
4.2 VIEWFINDERS
Color Viewfinder - HDAF
The Ultraview® Color Viewfinder uses revolutionary new
display technology to provide eye-limited resolution and
a color gamut exceeding all present video systems. The
color space can be set to SMPTE REC 709 or be defined
by the user.
45
VMBM
MMBD
MONITOR
BRACKET
LOCK
MONITOR
DOVETAIL
LOCK
Astro HD Monitor - HDAM
ADJUSTMENTS
SCAN RATE
INPUT
46
HD900F
4.3 ON-BOARD MONITORS AND BRACKET
Slide the HD Auxiliary Light Bracket (HDALB) into the
opposite side of the same dovetail that the eyepiece
attached onto. Then slide the Dual Modular Monitor
Bracket (MMBD) into the receiving hole and lock. Mount
the monitor onto Video Monitor Ball Mount (VMBM) with
the ¼-20 screw using either top or bottom mounting
hole on the monitor. Slide the Ball Mount (VMBM) onto
the Monitor Bracket (MMBD).
Video Inputs:
CAMERA ASSEMBLY
The monitors are 12V DC using a 4 pin Hirose connector,
and are powered from the voltage Upconverter (HDUC)
with cable CBLE-AMPL, or from a belt battery with cable
CBLE-AMPX.
HD SDI and/or Y, Pb, Pr (analog)
depending on model
ERG HD Monitor - HDEM
ANALOG
INPUTS
WHITE
BLACK
SDI
INPUT
BACKLIGHT
47
4.3 ON-BOARD MONITORS AND BRACKET
CONTROLS UNDER COVER
EYEPIECE
PIVOT
LOCK
EYEPIECE
DOVETAIL
LOCK
KNOB
EYEPIECE
FORE/
AFT
LOCK
EYEPIECE
CONNECT
ACC.
BRACKET
48
HD900F
4.4 LENS LIGHT
Any Panavision lens light can mount onto any of the side
or front dovetails on the camera. Just supply power
from a 24V DC source, either from a battery, the AC
power supply or from the on-board power converter
(HDUC) that can attatch to the side of the camera.
CAMERA ASSEMBLY
NOTE: Although the 24p HD camera is a 12V DC (1117V) system, all of the standard Panavision
accessories are still 24V and need the proper
voltage to work.
4.4 LENS LIGHT
49
12V
OUTPUTS
24V
OUTPUTS
SMARTLENS
DISPLAY
SMARTLENS
INPUT
12V
INPUT
PANACLEAR
OUTPUT
50
HD900F
4.5 HD VOLTAGE UPCONVERTER
CAMERA ASSEMBLY
The HD voltage upconverter (HDUC) provides 2 24V and
2 12V output accessory ports as well as power for the
Panaclear heated eyecup. The unit can be mounted to
any of the dovetails on the side of the camera. In
addition, SMARTLENS™ input and display output ports
are provided.
The HDUC receives power from either the Sony
Upconverter (ABSU or ABGM) with cable CBLE-ABSU, or
a CBLE-12PUC "Y" cable from a 12V battery.
4.5 HD VOLTAGE UPCONVERTER
51
TAPE
HOOK
REMOTE
CONTROL
MOUNT
FRONT
RELEASE
LEVER
REAR
LOCK
TALLY
LIGHT
AND
SWITCH
52
HD900F
4.6 CARRY HANDLE
This custom Panavision carry handle is removable and
replaceable with the Panavision Steadicam Low Mode
Bracket provided in the accessory case.
CAMERA ASSEMBLY
Simply unlock the rear thumb screw and push down on
the front lever to allow the bracket to slide rearwards.
Replace and lock into the Steadicam Plate provided.
The handle also has a provision to mount the Remote
Control (HDRP). Below the rear end of the handle is a
tally light (with on / off switch) that allows the operator
or camera assistant to see when the camera is
recording. There are also red LED lights in the
viewfinder to indicate the same.
4.6 CARRY HANDLE
53
ANALOG HD
Y, Pb, Pr
OUT
GENLOCK
OUT
TIME
CODE
OUT
TIME
CODE
IN
NTSC
COMP.
OUT
Y OUT
ANALOG HD
LOOP OUT
54
Last 2 unmarked
switches must be
set to the left
position to
operate properly
4:3
1080i
SETUP ON
16:9
1035i
OFF
HD900F
4.7 SIDE PANEL CONNECTORS
On the rear of the tape side of the camera there are 5
BNC connectors.
Three are the HD analog color difference outputs – Y, Pb,
Pr. These are used to send an analog HD signal to a
monitor. They can also be used to display the viewfinder
character generator image out to an external monitor for
convenient viewing. This is done by:
•
CAMERA ASSEMBLY
Hold down the MENU switch to the “cancel” position
with your left hand as you push the DISPLAY switch
down to the “menu” position.
The other BNCs are for Timecode IN and Timecode OUT
4.8 MIRANDA DOWNCONVERTER
This allows the NTSC video image to be displayed on a
Steadicam  monitor, be wirelessly transmitted to
external monitors, or be used on any standard video
device – monitors, VTRs, video playback systems, etc.
Simply attach the downconverter to the three BNC
connectors on the side of the camera and lock with the
screw.
Connect the power cable to the 4 pin Hirose
connector that supplies 12V DC OUT of the rear to power
the unit. Then attach a BNC cable to the COMP
connector on the downconverter to any NTSC standard
definition device.
All slide switches are usually to the left, unless using a
16:9 NTSC monitor, in which case the top switch should
go to the right.
55
4.7/8 SIDE CONN. & MIRANDA CONVERTER
The Miranda on-board downconverter (MDC) converts
the camera’s HD analog color difference signal (Y, Pb, Pr
on the side of the camera) into a standard definition
NTSC composite signal.
12V DC IN
REMOTE
12V DC OUT
(MIRANDA)
56
HD900F
4.9 REAR PANEL CONNECTORS
On the rear panel of the camera are the power and audio
connectors. See section 1.2 for specifications.
•
•
•
•
CAMERA ASSEMBLY
•
4 pin power IN connector accepts a standard 4 pin
XLR female.
REMOTE connector that connects to an external
“Paintbox” (RMB150 or CNU500).
4 pin Hirose – 12V DC OUT (very limited current (2A)
– only use for the on-board downconverter)
3 pin XLR Audio IN connectors (2) - switchable
5 pin XLR Audio OUT connector
WARNING: External camera control box will override
menu settings. When disconnected the
camera will retain the changes.
NOTE: Camera operating voltage range is 11-17 volts.
Nominal camera power voltage is 13.2 or 14.4
volts.
4.9 REAR PANEL CONNECTORS
57
LOCK
SCREWS
ENGAGE
CONNECTOR
AND
DOVETAIL
ON-BOARD
BATTERY
ADAPTER
BATTERY
RELEASE
METADATA
IN
HD SDI
OUTPUTS
58
HD900F
4.10 HD SDI ADAPTER
CAMERA ASSEMBLY
The HD SDI Adapter (HDCA or HDCAA) allows the
camera to output an HD SDI signal. HD SDI stands for:
“High Definition Serial Digital Interface”. A serial digital
signal is just that, a serial stream of 1s and 0s that
represents the picture information. The digital signal is
then converted to a video signal by the external devices
(e.g., monitors, downconverters, etc.)
The SDI signal
also includes timecode and audio. This one cable is the
most useful and convenient way to output the video
image.
Simply attach a 75 ohm serial digital video coaxial cable
from either of the 2 outputs and then attach to an
external monitor or other device. The maximum
recommended length is 100 meters.
NOTE: High quality 75 ohm barrels may be used to
connect multiple cables.
Do not use 50 ohm connectors.
The SDI Adapter can also be removed in order to allow
the on-board downconverter to be attached for
Steadicam work – see section 4.7
4.10 HD SDI ADAPTER
NOTE: An SDI Adapter (HDCAA) that allows 3rd and 4th
audio tracks is available upon request. The
camera body itself only supplies an HD analog
color difference signal (Y, Pb, Pr).
WARNING:
The On/Off switch on the adapter must be
on in order to function!
59
HEADPHONE
JACK
TALLY
LIGHT
BATTERY
RELEASE
ABSU
RELEASE
GENLOCK
IN
REMOTE /
PAINTBOX
(CNU
connector)
12V DC IN
IDX Lithium Ion Endura 80 (IDXB) batteries and adapter (IDXA)
60
HD900F
4.11 ON-BOARD BATTERIES
The on-board battery mounts onto the adapter bracket
(ABGM) that attaches either on the rear of the camera
body itself or on the HD SDI Adapter (HDCA or HDCAA).
There are several types of on-board batteries available
from Panavision.
CAMERA ASSEMBLY
• Anton Bauer Hytron 100 NiMH batteries (AB100) are
14.4V DC, 7 AH rated (100W), and are charged on a
quick charger station that allows up to 4 batteries to
charge in order one after the other. The charger also
has a built-in provision for battery discharging and
analyzing to insure long battery life. Each battery has a
built-in 12.5 amp / 125 volt fuse.
• Anton Bauer Dionic lithium ion batteries (AB90) are
14.4V DC, 6.25AH rated (90W), and use the Anton Bauer
Gold Mount.
• IDX Lithium Ion Endura 80 (IDXB) batteries are 14.4V
DC, 5.6AH rated (80W), and can be stacked to double
the capacity. They use the Sony mount, or can be
adapted to the Anton Bauer Gold Mount, using the IDXA.
4.11 ON-BOARD BATTERIES
Anton Bauer Dionic lithium ion battery
NOTE: Camera operating voltage range is 11-17 volts.
Nominal camera power voltage is 13.2 or 14.4
volts.
61
62
HD900F
5.0 CAMERA OPERATION
63
CAMERA OPERATION
5.0
64
HD900F
5.1 HDCAM CASSETTE
The HDCAM cassette loads as shown with the window
facing up and the tape cover facing toward the lens.
The eject button is on top of the camera exposed
through the circular hole of the VTR control cover.
Simply push the cassette down until it seats and then
close the cover until it clicks.
As with any tape, after
recording it is sensible to push in the red record protect
tab on the side to prevent accidental re-recording.
CAMERA OPERATION
Upon insertion of a new tape, reset the CTL track.
Then reset the timecode track (if using R-Run) to zero
and using the “Hour” number set a camera roll number
for that tape.
Record color bars and tone at the head
for future use in post.
See section 5.7 for more timecode information.
5.1/2 HDCAM CASSETTE AND VTR
5.2 VTR CONTROLS
Use these standard VTR controls to play, rewind, fast
forward, stop and eject the tape.
You can view the image in the viewfinder or on a monitor
that is connected to the camera.
65
66
HD900F
5.3 VIEWFINDER CONTROLS
• Peaking Knob
Used to emphasize edge frequencies in the viewfinder to
judge focus. Helpful with setting the lens back focus.
• Contrast Knob
Used to adjust the eyepiece contrast for comfortable
viewing. It is helpful to use the internal color bars when
adjusting.
CAMERA OPERATION
• Brightness Knob
Used to adjust the eyepiece brightness for comfortable
viewing. It is helpful to use the internal color bars when
adjusting.
• Display and Aspect Switch
Used to turn on and off the two independent frameline
generators in the viewfinder that are pre-programmed in
OPERATION MENU page 3. Toggle the same direction for
ON and OFF of each frameline.
• Zebra Pattern Switch
Used to turn on and off the zebra stripe exposure patterns
that are preprogrammed in OPERATION MENU page 5.
5.3 VIEWFINDER CONTROLS
Additional functions on the Ultraview® Color Viewfinder:
• Magnify on/off/moment
• A & B presets
• Menu jog knob and Cancel/on-off switch
67
The original camera Remote Control has been redesigned
into a removable box which connects to the 10pin Lemo
connector labeled "REM" on the side of the camera near
the POWER Switch. It can mount onto the carry handle
or be removed when not needed (e.g., for Steadicam or
hand holding).
WARNING: If the shutter is switched off on this box (HDRP)
and the HDRP is disconnected from the camera,
the camera will automatically return to the last
shutter ON speed selected.
68
68
HD900F
5.4 REMOTE CONTROL
Rotary Encoder Wheel (MIC/MENU jog control)
Used to enter and change values in the MENUS:
1. Set the DISPLAY switch to the MENU position.
2. Click the rotary wheel to enter a menu listing or to change the
cursor from an arrow into a “?”.
3. Turning the wheel while the cursor is a “?” changes the value of
that field.
4. Clicking the wheel locks in the value and changes the cursor
back into an arrow that can be moved within the screens.
•
VTR Start / Stop Switch
Used as an “On / Off” switch for the record deck.
•
Shutter On / Off / Select Switch
Three position toggle switch sets electronic shutter speed either Off,
On and/or selects the preset values. In order to view shutter
settings in the viewfinder the DISPLAY switch must be on. Shutter
speed can also be accessed through PAINT MENU page: P12. (See
section 5.9.3)
•
AWB - Auto White Balance Switch
Used to set the white balance:
1. Select the appropriate filter wheel for the closest Kelvin
temperature of the lighting.
2. Select either A or B switch position on the WHITE BAL switch on
the side of the camera – this is used to save and memorize the
setting. (It retains the values unless replaced with another
setting.)
3. Set a white reference card/paper to the proper size (at least
70% of frame) and exposure and then push the switch to the
AWB position and let go.
4. Confirm white balance OK in the viewfinder.
5. If white balance is NG select the next filter setting on the CC
filter wheel and try again, or re-check exposure. Continue this
process until OK.
•
ABB - Auto Black Balance Switch
Used to perform an auto black balance:
1. Close the lens iris to “C” or cap it to ensure no light entering.
2. Make sure the GAIN is at 0 dB.
3. Set the DISPLAY switch to the ON position.
4. Click the switch to the ABB position and let go – it will return to
the middle.
5. Confirm “ABB: OK” in viewfinder.
NOTE: Perform an ABB before shooting and upon extreme temperature
change from cold to hot conditions. Black balance resets the
black set.
69
5.4 REMOTE CONTROL
NOTE: Perform an AWB as desired or needed for lighting conditions. Or
leave WHITE BALANCE switch on PRST and the CC filter wheel
on “B”. This sets the camera to Tungsten balance and should be
color corrected as required.
CAMERA OPERATION
•
70
HD900F
5.5 FILTER WHEELS
Internal filters for neutral density (CLEAR, ND 0.6, 1.2,
1.8) and color correction (5600K, 3200K, 4300K, 6300K)
are built into the system. These are manually rotated at
the front of the camera.
CAMERA OPERATION
WARNING:
Make sure filter wheels are firmly in their
detents.
5.5 FILTER WHEELS
71
72
HD900F
5.6 MEMORY STICK
The camera uses the standard Sony Memory Stick to
allow the user to save and recall the Operator File
(OPERATION MENU page: 9) and up to 100 Paint Scene
Files (PAINT MENU page: P13). (See sections 5.9.15.9.3)
CAMERA OPERATION
Simply insert the stick into the slot under the cover door
with the notch facing upward and the label facing toward
you.
NOTE:
DO NOT eject the stick when the red light [eject
button] is on. The sticks have a lock to prevent
accidental erasure.
5.6 MEMORY STICK
73
TAPE
COUNTER
BATTERY
LEVEL
F-RUN
R-RUN
74
HD900F
5.7 TIMECODE
You have two basic choices for timecode, either F-RUN
(“Free Run”) or R-RUN (“Record Run”). The choice of
which to use depends upon the requirements for Post
Production.
Free Run:
CAMERA OPERATION
Using the R-RUN setting for timecode is equivalent to
using the footage counter on a film camera. It only rolls
when the camera rolls. The Script Supervisor may need
to record the timecode number at the beginning of each
take.
Used when syncing the camera to an
external source using the TC IN connector
on the side panel. The numbers are always
rolling.
Record Run: Used with the camera’s internal timecode
generator as the source of the timecode.
It only rolls the numbers when recording.
5.7 TIMECODE
NOTE: The camera’s recorded timecode MUST be the
same as the frame rate of the camera. For
example, if trying to jam in 24 frame timecode
the camera must be set to 24 PsF exactly – not
23.98Psf.
75
DISPLAY
SWITCH
RESET
F-RUN
R-RUN
76
HOLD:
Temporarily holds the F-Run display so it can be
noted. Pushing again releases it.
RESET:
Resets the time data on the display – either
timecode or control track.
ADVANCE: Advances the digit selected by the SHIFT button
SHIFT:
Selects the digit to be changed. The selected digit
flashes.
PRESET / REGEN:
Selects whether to set a new timecode or to match
the existing timecode on the tape.
CAMERA OPERATION
DISPLAY: Selects which data to display in window.
CTL:
Control Track
TC:
Timecode
U-BIT:
User Bits
HD900F
5.7.1 TIMECODE SWITCHES AND BUTTONS
F-RUN / SET / R-RUN:
Sets the operating mode for the internal timecode
generator.
Timecode generator keeps running. Used to
jam external code into camera or is set to the
“time of day.”
SET:
Allows the timecode to be set using the
ADVANCE and SHIFT buttons.
R-RUN: Timecode generator only runs while recording.
Used when not jamming from an external
source.
DF / NDF: Sets Drop or Non-Drop frame code. Usually set in
the NDF position.
REAL TIME: Selects whether or not real time is recorded in
the VITC track
ON:
Real time is recorded as VITC.
OFF:
Real time is not recorded.
SET:
Used to set the real time.
77
5.7.1 TIMECODE SWITCHES & BUTTONS
F-RUN:
DISPLAY
SWITCH
RESET
F-RUN
R-RUN
78
HD900F
5.7.2 USING TIMECODE
Setting the Timecode:
With each new tape you must reset the timecode if using
R-RUN timecode.
Set the DISPLAY switch to TC.
Set the PRESET/REGEN switch to PRESET.
Set the REAL TIME switch to ON or OFF (user
preference).
4.
Set the F-RUN/R-RUN switch to SET.
5.
Push the RESET switch to clear the numbers.
6.
Using the SHIFT and ADVANCE buttons set the
“hours” number to the “roll number” that you want
(usually starting at 1 and going until 23 when you
have to use number 1 again – but it will be a
different day).
7.
Set the F-RUN/R-RUN switch to R-RUN (to act as a
footage counter that runs only when recording).
(8.) Set the F-RUN/R-RUN switch to F-RUN if jamming
from an external source.
9.
Set the DISPLAY switch to CTL and push the RESET
button to clear the Control Track.
10. Record Color Bars and Tone on the head of the
tape.
1.
2.
3.
CAMERA OPERATION
Regenerating Timecode:
Used after a tape has been ejected and reinserted to
make the timecode continuous.
5.7.2 USING TIMECODE
1. Set the PRESET/REGEN switch to REGEN.
2. Use the tape transport control buttons to play back
(see section 5.2).
3. Watching the playback, find the end of the tape from
which to continue recording and press the STOP
button.
4. Press the ASSIGNABLE switch down toward #2 and
let go to do a record review. This cues up the tape.
5. Continue recording from there.
79
80
POWER:
HD900F
5.8 MAIN CAMERA SWITCHES
This is the main switch that turns the
power ON and OFF on the camera itself. It
is NOT a VTR record switch.
CAMERA OPERATION
WARNING: Switch the POWER switch to OFF whenever
changing cables on the camera or reconfiguring the viewfinder to prevent
possible damage.
ASSIGNABLE: This switch is preprogrammed in the
OPERATION MENU page: 8 to the
following settings:
#1
Push UP to record, push UP to stop.
#2
Push DOWN to do a “Record Review” of the
last 3 seconds on the tape. Used to “Check
the Gate” (You must have recorded at least 3
seconds on the last take.) Also used when
regenerating timecode. (see section 5.7.2)
Changes the status of the VTR when not
recording from SAVE to STANDBY . The
recommended position is SAVE which saves
battery life and reduces wear on the record
head.
GAIN:
Chooses between the three user settable gain
positions. Either L, M or H. These are
programmable from –3 dB to +18 in the
OPERATION MENU page: 4.
NOTE:
It is a standard practice to have L=0 dB.
Using negative (-) gain reduces dynamic
range.
5.8 MAIN CAMERA SWITCHES
VTR:
81
Sample viewfinder display when MENU switch held
to STATUS position. See also Section 5.9.1
Sample viewfinder display with DISPLAY switch in
ON position. See also Section 5.9.2
82
Switches the output signal of the camera
between color bars, camera or camera
with DCC on.
WARNING:
DCC is an autoknee circuit which will
adjust the highlights in the image
depending on their brightness. (Also see
section 1.9).
If the DCC is switched on and then off, the
KNEE circuit still remains on!
WHITE
BALANCE:
CAMERA OPERATION
OUTPUT:
HD900F
5.8 MAIN CAMERA SWITCHES - CONTINUED
Sets the white balance of the camera
between either the PRST (preset) or the
two saved switch positions – A or B.
Leaving the switch on PRST and the CC
filter wheel on B sets the camera to the
factory default tungsten white balance
when using 3200K lighting.
Holding the switch up to the STATUS
position shows the current frame rate of
the camera in the viewfinder as well as
warning indications and the programmed
settings of the ASSIGNABLE switch.
Pushing down toward CANCEL when in the
menus cancels a selection or reverses
order through a menu list.
DISPLAY:
Used to turn on or off the preprogrammed
DISPLAY indicators in the viewfinder (set
with OPERATION MENU page: 1) or to
enter into the MENUs of the camera.
5.8 MAIN CAMERA SWITCHES - CONT.
MENU:
See Section 5.9 for description of the
MENUs.
83
84
HD900F
5.9 MENUS
We will outline the commonly useful pages in the
OPERATION and PAINT menus.
Using the Menus
CAMERA OPERATION
1. Set the DISPLAY switch to the MENU position and
look in the viewfinder.
2. Move the arrow cursor opposite the menu to be
displayed and push in on the Rotary Encoder Wheel.
3. To change pages in the menu, set the cursor to the
page number, click the Wheel to make the cursor a
“?” and turn the Wheel to change pages.
4. To change a setting value, set the cursor to the item
to be changed and press the Wheel. The cursor turns
into a “?” and the value changes by turning the
Wheel. (A fast turn changes the value greatly, a slow
turn changes it slightly.) To lock the change press
the Wheel again. To cancel a change, press the
MENU switch to the CANCEL position.
5. Every click of the MENU switch to the CANCEL
position will revert up one menu level.
6. To exit from the MENUs, turn the DISPLAY switch to
OFF.
7. When re-entering into the MENUs the camera will
display the last menu page used.
5.9 MENUS
NOTE: If the TOP MENU list does not show when you
set the DISPLAY switch to the MENU position do
the following: Return the DISPLAY switch to the
OFF position. Then hold IN the Rotary Encoder
Wheel on the Remote Control while you set the
DISPLAY switch to the MENU position.
85
86
HD900F
5.9.1 USER MENU
For quicker navigation, frequently used menu pages can
be organized according to preference in the user menus.
CAMERA OPERATION
Selecting Menu Pages:
1. From the TOP MENU, choose USER MENU CUSTOMIZE.
2. On page U1, choose item 1: <USER PAGE 1>.
3. To add a custom page, choose SELECT.
4. On PAGE SELECT menu, choose the desired function
for the user page. This menu will now be the first
user page.
5. Continue adding other custom pages as desired.
After adding the 9th menu, another screen of 9 blank
slots will become available.
Moving Menu Pages:
1. On the PAGE EDIT screen, choose the item you wish
to move.
2. Choose MOVE
3. Select desired destination number on the MOVE TO
screen.
5.9.1 USER MENU
87
88
•
HD900F
5.9.2 OPERATION MENU
The OPERATION MENU is used to set up various
attributes of the camera.
These attributes do not
affect the image captured by the camera directly,
unlike the PAINT MENU.
CAMERA OPERATION
1. VF DISPLAY
• Used to turn ON and OFF display indicators of various
attributes of the camera in the viewfinder such as ND
and CC filter status, battery voltage, shutter speed,
gain, white balance, and tape remaining.
2. ! IND
• Used to set the warning indicators. Displays which
warnings are active by holding the MENU switch to
the STATUS position. Any camera setting that
changes from the [NORMAL] setting will turn on the
“!” LED in the viewfinder.
3. MARKER
• Used to set the 2 framelines in the viewfinder. See
section 5.10 for details.
Turning the MARKER and
the ASPECT MODE in this menu is the same as
toggling them ON and OFF with the switch on the side
of the viewfinder.
(Picture shows example of TV 16x9 TRANS & 4X3
TRANS)
5.9.2 OPERATION MENU
4. GAIN
• Used to program the three settings for the GAIN
switch on the side of the camera. Note: you can
set any of the possible values to any switch position.
Usually L = 0. The choices are: -3, 0, 3, 6, 12 or 18
dB.
89
90
HD900F
5.9.2 OPERATION MENU - CONTINUED
CAMERA OPERATION
5. ZEBRA / VF DTL
• Used to program the 2 zebra patterns. The ON / OFF
setting here is the same as the toggle switch on the
side of the viewfinder. The zebra patterns are
independent and can be used separately or together.
• The zebra pattern is a convenient way to judge your
highlight exposure when a waveform monitor is not
available.
6. AUTO IRIS
• Not used.
7. BATT ALARM
• Displays the low and out battery voltage settings that
are programmed in the MAINTENANCE MENU page:
M9.
5.9.2 OPERATION MENU - CONT.
91
92
OTHERS
Shows the programmed setting of the ASSIGNABLE
switch.
9.
•
OPERATOR FILE
Used to read and write the OPERATION MENU file to
and from a Memory Stick
CAMERA OPERATION
8.
•
HD900F
5.9.2 OPERATION MENU - CONTINUED
10. LENS FILE
•
Not used.
5.9.2 OPERATION MENU - CONT.
93
94
•
HD900F
5.9.3 PAINT MENU
The PAINT MENU is used to adjust the way in which
the camera captures an image.
CAUTION:
Some image adjustments are not
reversible in post. (See also section 1.9)
CAMERA OPERATION
1. SW STATUS
• Used to conveniently turn ON or OFF various paint
switches. They are duplicated in later pages.
2. VIDEO LEVEL
• Used to manually set a white balance and black level.
NOTE: The [M] BLACK level is set so that the video
signal is being recorded just above clip level on
the waveform monitor.
3. GAMMA
• Used to adjust the video GAMMA. Should be ON.
The normal setting is COARSE 0.45, STANDARD 5.
These settings reference the ITU-709 standard.
4. BLK GAMMA
• Used to adjust the gamma in the black part of the
picture. Nominal setting is OFF.
5.9.3 PAINT MENU
CAUTION:
Changing the black gamma could adversely
affect noise in the picture.
95
96
HD900F
5.9.3 PAINT MENU - CONTINUED
CAMERA OPERATION
5. SATURATION
• Used to decrease the color saturation of the picture.
Can be used to acheive black and white. Nominal
setting is OFF.
• LOW KEY SAT adjusts the color sturation in the dark
areas of the picture. Nominal setting is OFF.
6. KNEE
• Used to adjust the highlight portion of the picture.
Use as desired.
7. DETAIL 1
• Used for electronic image enhancement.
8. DETAIL 2
• Used for electronic image enhancement.
NOTE: H i s t o r i c a l l y d e t a i l c i r c u i t s w e r e u s e d t o
compensate for limitations of optics or
electronics.
5.9.3 PAINT MENU - CONT.
The detail circuits should NOT BE USED since our
Primo Digital® Lenses have very high contrast
and resolution. Consequently there is no need
for additional electronic detail, and the use of
detail can cause unwanted artifacts.
97
98
HD900F
5.9.3 PAINT MENU - CONTINUED
9. SKIN DETAIL
• Disables detail circuitry for specified colors.
CAMERA OPERATION
NOTE: This circuit should NOT BE USED since the Primo
Digital ® Lenses have very high contrast and
resolution. Consequently there is no need for
additional electronic detail, and the use of detail
can cause unwanted artifacts.
10. USER MATRIX
• Used to set or adjust the linear matrix for an overall
adjustment of the picture.
(Fir s t pic tur e s ho w s Pa na v is io n r e c o mme nde d
settings for film-out or video finish. Second User
Matrix picture shows option for video finish only.)
11. MULTI MATRIX
• Used to change specific vectors of a color and their
saturation.
DO NOT use the matrices unless you know
the exact effect you want, since it is NOT
reversible in post.
WARNING:
If there is ANY future possibility of the
footage getting recorded out to a film
negative then you should shoot with the
MATRIX turned OFF.
If the project will
stay on tape then you can turn the MATRIX
ON with the PRESET value set to ITU-709.
5.9.3 PAINT MENU - CONT.
WARNING:
99
100
HD900F
5.9.3 PAINT MENU - CONTINUED
12. SHUTTER
• Used to adjust the shutter speed of the camera.
Changing the values here is the same as with the
toggle switch on the Remote Control. See Section
5.4.
CAMERA OPERATION
13. SCENE FILE
• Used to read and write the PAINT MENU SCENE files
to and from a Memory Stick. The memory stick
stores 20 groups of 5 scenes. One group of 5 can be
stored in the camera at a time.
NOTE: To restore the paint menus to their Panavision
default settings, recall the STANDARD file on
menu page P13 by clicking on it twice.
5.9.3 PAINT MENU - CONT.
101
102
HD900F
5.9.4 SETTING THE FRAME RATE
The current frame rate can be viewed by looking in the
viewfinder while holding the MENU switch to the STATUS
position.
CAMERA OPERATION
See picture at left or section 1.3 for the list of the
possible frame rates.
Changing the Frame Rate
5.9.4 SETTING THE FRAME RATE
1. Turn on the MENU by moving the DISPLAY switch to
the MENU position
2. Go to page M7 of the MAINTENANCE MENU
3. Move the cursor opposite the “NEXT” frame rate
number and push in the rotary wheel to turn the
cursor into a “?”
4. Scroll through the list until you have highlighted the
frame rate you want and then push in the rotary
wheel again to enter the frame rate into the field
5. Turn OFF the Main Power Switch
6. Turn the Main Power Switch back ON
7. Verify the new frame rate by holding the MENU switch
to the STATUS position
103
104
HD900F
5.10 VIEWFINDER FRAMELINE MARKINGS
Framelines are programmed in the OPERATION MENU
page: 3
CAMERA OPERATION
There are two sets of framelines that can be generated in
the viewfinder. They work together when composing two
different aspect ratios (e.g., 16x9 and 4x3) or for
composing theatrical widescreen formats. If only
shooting 16x9 for television broadcast then use only a
Safety Zone with the “Marker” function. All the areas are
"common center."
NOTE: Framelines in eyepiece DO NOT go out to the
monitors. Set the monitors separately either with
their built-in generator or an external one.
1. 16x9 Marker (with optional center crosshair)
16x9 Transmission
16x9 Safe Areas
Full Image in Viewfinder
80%, 90%, 92.5% and 95%
16x9
15x9
14x9
13x9
4x3
VISTA 1
VISTA 2
Transmission
Transmission (1.66:1)
Transmission
Transmission
Transmission
1.85 Transmission (approx.)
2.40 Transmission (approx.)
Use the following functions for Safe and Projection
Areas:
VAR H (horizontal)
0 – 1920 pixels
4x3 Safe Action = 1292
VAR V (vertical)
0 – 1080 pixels
1.85 Projection Aperture = 984
2.40 Projection Aperture = 764
105
5.10 VIEWFINDER FRAMELINE MARKINGS
2. Aspect Mode (mask function)
106
HD900F
5.10.1 TV 16X9 TRANS & 4X3 TRANS / SAFE
OPERATION MENU page: 3
•
CAMERA OPERATION
Turn the MARKER ON and set a 90% Safety Zone, and
then turn the ASPECT MODE ON and set the VAR H at
1292 to indicate the 4x3 safe area. The innermost
box formed by these lines represents the 1.33 TV safe
action area.
5.10.1 TV 16X9 TANS & 4X3 TRANS/SAFE
107
5.10.2 TV 16X9 TRANS & 1.85 THEATRICAL
OPERATION MENU page: 3
•
108
108
Turn the MARKER ON and set a 95% Safety Zone, and
then turn the ASPECT MODE ON and set the VAR V at
984. The innermost box formed by these lines
represents the 1.85 projection aperture, which is the
area which will be seen in a theater.
HD900F
5.10.3 TV 16X9 TRANS & 2.40 THEATRICAL
OPERATION MENU page: 3
•
CAMERA OPERATION
Turn the MARKER ON and set a 95% Safety Zone,
and then turn the ASPECT MODE ON and set the VAR
V at 764. The innermost box formed by these lines
represents the 2.40 projection aperture, which is the
area which will be seen in a theater.
5.10.2/3 1.85 & 2.40 THEATRICAL
109
110
HD900F
5.11 PREP ROUTINE
The following is a list of the common items to check
during your prep. This list is by no mean exhaustive nor
in any particular order.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
5.11 PREP ROUTINE
•
•
•
CAMERA OPERATION
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Set up and power up monitors (section 6.0)
Build and power up camera
Set up monitor channels and framelines (section 6.16.5)
Check and set camera frame rate (section 5.9.4)
Check and set shutter speed (section 5.4)
Perform an Auto Black Balance – ABB (section 5.4)
Check Master [M] Black Level (section 5.9.3)
Check GAMMA in PAINT MENU (section 5.9.3)
Check MATRIX in PAINT MENU (section 5.9.3)
Check and set Auto White Balance – AWB – redo
before shooting (section 5.4)
Check and set viewfinder settings including
framelines (section 5.10)
Set back focus on lenses and check focus scales
(section 3.4)
Check camera filters (section 5.5)
Check and set all other camera switches (section 5.8)
− Standard switch settings for tungsten light:
VTR:
save
GAIN:
L [0]
OUTPUT:
camera
WHITE BAL:
preset
DISPLAY:
off
CC:
B
ND:
[where needed]
Check and set all other MENU items (section 5.9)
Check VTR record and playback (section 5.2)
Set timecode on camera (section 5.7)
111
5.12 A.C. PRE-ROLL CHECKLIST
The following is a checklist that should be done prior to
shooting to insure proper imaging.
112
•
Perform an Auto Black Balance – ABB (section 5.4)
•
Check the Gain is correct (usually 0 dB) (sections 5.8,
5.9.1)
•
Check White Balance (section 5.4)
•
Check and/or set back focus of lens (section 3.4)
•
Check frame rate with MENU switch held to STATUS
position (section 5.8)
•
Check shutter speed with DISPLAY switch set to ON
position (section 5.8)
•
Check OUTPUT switch is set to desired position.
[Note: DCC on may cause unwanted effects.] (section
5.8)
•
Load tape and reset timecode (or regen timecode on
existing tape) (section 5.1, 5.7)
•
Record color bars and tone on head of tape
•
Are there any extremes of temperature or
environments anticipated? You may need a weather
protector or a hair drier to dry out humidity inside
camera.
•
Are you going to have any Steadicam, crane work
or the use of any NTSC playback systems? You will
need the appropriate downconverter.
•
Do you need one stop of ND to shoot a wider
aperture? You will need an external ND.3 since the
camera only has 2 stop increments built in.
•
What framing are you shooting? Set viewfinder and
monitors appropriately.
•
Are you shooting any monitors? What are there
frame rates?
Will they be synced to the HD
camera? How? You may be able to use the ECS
shutter mode to hide the scan bar – but only if you do
not move the camera.
•
Is the project EVER possibly getting recorded out
to negative? If so shoot with the MATRIX OFF. If the
project will NEVER see film then you can shoot with the
MATRIX ON.
•
Are you shooting outdoors or in other bright
areas? You will want to get a Hoodman or other
monitor shade and keep all extraneous light off of the
monitors.
5.12/13 CHECKLIST & CONSIDERATIONS
Are there are any locations where AC power is
unavailable? If so then a 9” monitor is required as it is
the only one that runs from 12V DC. You will potentially
need extra batteries for camera and accessory power.
CAMERA OPERATION
•
HD900F
5.13 PRODUCTION CONSIDERATIONS
113
5.14 TROUBLESHOOTING
Possible problems and their solutions:
• No image on monitor.
- Is SDI adaptor switched on?
- Is monitor powered?
- Is monitor set to appropriate channel?
- Check cable connections.
- Are BNC cables proper guage and barrel connectors 75 ohm?
- Try another video cable.
- Try output from Y,Pb,Pr on camera side. If image is good,
exchange SDI adaptor (HDCA).
• Monitor shows coloring in corners of image.
- Degauss monitor.
- For 24" monitor set Landing. See section 6.4.1.
• No image in viewfinder (image on monitor).
- Is camera powered?
- Is eyepiece cable connected?
• No image through Miranda downconverter.
- Is power LED lit up?
- Red light indicates no video, Green indicates video ok.
- If not check power cable connection.
- If cable connection ok, internal camera fuse could be blown, not
user-servicable. Call Panavision.
- Check video cable connections.
- Check power and DIP switches on Miranda.
- Check video monitor.
• Camera will not power up.
- Check power cable and connections.
- Check battery voltage or
- Check that power supply is on.
- Did camera overheat and shut off? - let it cool down. Make sure fan
ports are unblocked (near handle area), and keep camera cool.
• Won't record.
- Is camera powered up? (see above).
- Is tape write-protected? Check red tab.
- Humidity warning on display? - dry out camera.
- Check diagnosis menu for indication of problem - report to Panavision.
- Other internal problem.
• Monitor image too bright when using component (Y, Pb, Pr) inputs.
- make sure inputs are terminated.
• Monitor is green when using component (Y, Pb, Pr) inputs.
- Is monitor channel configured for RGB instead of Y, Pb, Pr?
Reconfigure.
114
• Monitor shows constant colored pixel.
- Perform black balance repeatedly until pixel disappears.
• Image vignetting on one side and/or blue flickering band at top of screen.
- Filter wheels are not in detent position.
HD900F
5.14 TROUBLESHOOTING
• Image has excessive blur while panning.
- Make sure shutter is on and at proper shutter speed.
• Image looks soft on 24" monitor.
- Check lens back focus.
• Camera will not accept external timecode.
- Is timecode set to F-Run? If not switch to F-Run.
• No audio signal level on VU meter.
- Check cable connections.
- Is input switch (above XLR input) set to proper setting (mic/line)?
- Check audio in switch (front/rear).
• LENS RET (aka REC REVIEW) function on assignable switch not working.
- Is tape write-protected? Check red tab.
- Check programmed function of switch.
- Was last take at least 3 seconds?
• Audio not in sync with downconverted image.
- Audio delay box must be used to achieve sync due to downconverter
delay.
115
5.14 TROUBLESHOOTING
• White Balance no good (AWB : NG in display).
• LEVEL HIGH
- Exposure too high. Close iris so that white level is about 70%.
• COLOR TEMP LOW / COLOR TEMP HIGH
- Wrong CC filter selected on wheel. Try another filter.
• LEVEL LOW
- Not enough light. Open iris or add light.
• AWB: WHITE PRESET
- WHITE BAL switch is set to PRST setting. Change to A or B.
CAMERA OPERATION
• Footage marks on lens are not accurate.
- Check lens back focus.
5.15 SMARTLENS™
Panavision's SMARTLENS™ is a system for reading and
displaying lens data. For the first time, camera assistants can
control how and where they see critical lens information. Place
the SMARTLENS™ Display on the matte box within sightline of
the action, or on the dolly track to follow marks, or at the end
of a crane 100 feet away. SMARTLENS™ assists the Assistant.
SMARTLENS™ calculates and displays Focus Distance, T-Stop,
Focal Length, and Depth of Field in real time.
Connect a Panatape® ultrasonic ranging system to
SMARTLENS™, and create a powerful focus assist tool. Now
you can see Subject Distance, Focus Distance, and Depth of
Field all on the same scale.
The SMARTLENS™ Reader fits onto ALL EXISTING Panavision
Primo Lenses, including the Panavision Primo Digital® lens
series. Each SMARTLENS™ Reader has its own memory so no
calibration is required in the field. The Reader is connected to
the SMARTLENS™ Display which is user configurable and comes
in two sizes. You can choose to display as much or little
information as desired.
5.16 METADATA
“Metadata” consists of any data other than picture that can be
recorded along with picture. This can include focus, T-stop and
zoom from Primo Digital™ lens, pan, tilt, timecode dolly and
crane information
The Panavision SDI adapter has the ability to record Metadata
on the 3rd and 4th audio tracks using our Panadata Hub. This
greatly simplifies visual FX work using CGI because every frame
of the picture has the image information file with it on the tape
that represents how the picture was captured.
The Panadata Hub, along with the precision encoded Primo
Digital™ Datalenses, will allow the encoding of many camera
related parameters to be saved as data on the AES/EBU digital
audio channels of the HDW-F900 camcorder. Panadata includes
accurately encoded values of Zoom, focus and T-Stop from the
Panavision Primo Digital™ lenses.
116
HD900F
6.0 MONITORS
117
MONITORS
6.0
118
HD900F
6.1 MONITORS
Not all monitors of the same size have the same rear
panel configuration but the following pages will describe
the most common. Not all monitors can accept all types
of signals and some are limited on frameline choices.
NOTE: Only the 9” monitor can accept a 12V DC power
source.
MONITORS
Input Channel Selection:
On the rear of each monitor is the connector panel. The
panel “slots” start counting from the left and go right.
Even a card without any connectors is still counted as a
slot.
Using the slot number and the input connector
number you can program channels for the various signals
on the monitor using the SET UP MENU on the monitors.
For example, HD SDI is commonly programmed as
Channel 1 using SLOT 2 - INPUT 1.
To select and view a channel, simply push the
corresponding number on the keypad on the front of the
monitors. For numbers above 9, you must push a zero
(0) first - e.g., for channel 12 push “012”.
6.1 MONITORS
NOTE:
Standard color temperature is 6500°K
119
ANALOG IN
Y
Pb
Pr
HD SDI IN
MONITOR
OUT
1
2
S L O T S
AC IN
12V DC IN
120
3
INPUTS:
HD SDI – (Serial Digital)
Y, Pb, Pr – (HD Analog)
Power:
AC (with adapter) or 12V DC
Framing:
16x9 Transmission
4x3 Transmission
HD900F
6.2 9" HD SDI MONITOR
To check the programming on a particular channel:
MONITORS
1. Push the MENU button.
2. Move the cursor using the UP and DOWN buttons until
it is opposite the INPUT CONFIGURATION menu and
the push the ENTER button.
3. Read the “FORMAT” for what type of signal is
programmed.
4. Read the “SLOT NO” for which panel slot is used.
5. Read the “INPUT NO” for which connector on the slot
is used.
6. To read other channels simply change the channel
number on the keypad as you are watching this menu.
6.2 9" HD SDI MONITOR
121
NTSC IN
HD SDI IN
MONITOR
OUT
1
2
S L O T S
122
3
INPUTS:
HD SDI – (Serial Digital)
NTSC
Power:
AC only
Framing:
16x9 Transmission
4x3 Transmission
HD900F
6.3 14" HD SDI MONITOR
To check the programming on a particular channel:
MONITORS
1. Push the MENU button.
2. Move the cursor using the UP and DOWN buttons until
it is opposite the INPUT CONFIGURATION menu and
the push the ENTER button.
3. Read the “FORMAT” for what type of signal is
programmed.
4. Read the “SLOT NO” for which panel slot is used.
5. Read the “INPUT NO” for which connector on the slot is
used.
6. To read other channels simply change the channel
number on the keypad as you are watching this menu.
6.3 14" HD SDI MONITOR
123
HD SDI IN
MONITOR
OUT
ANALOG IN
Y
Pb
Pr
NTSC IN
1
2
3
4
S L O T S
124
5
6
INPUTS:
HD SDI – (Serial Digital)
Y, Pb, Pr – (HD Analog)
NTSC, PAL, etc. (composite video)
Power:
AC only
Framing:
16x9 Transmission and Safe Areas
4x3 Transmission and Safe Areas
16x9 Variable (used for wide screen images)
4x3 Variable
HD900F
6.4 20" & 24" HD SDI MONITOR
To check or program the frameline on a particular
channel:
1. Enter the channel number on the keypad to go to that
channel.
2. Move the cursor using the UP and DOWN buttons until it
is opposite the SET UP menu and push ENTER.
3. Move the cursor using the UP and DOWN buttons until it
is opposite the INPUT CONFIGURATION menu and the
push ENTER.
4. Move the cursor to the MODE menu item and push
ENTER.
5. Read or change the SAD MODE, the H SIZE and V SIZE
as well if needed – See Frameline Settings.
125
6.4 20" & 24" HD SDI MONITOR
1. Push the MENU button.
2. Move the cursor using the UP and DOWN buttons until it
is opposite the SET UP menu and push ENTER.
3. Move the cursor using the UP and DOWN buttons until it
is opposite the INPUT CONFIGURATION menu and the
push ENTER.
4. Read the “FORMAT” for what type of signal is
programmed.
5. Read the “SLOT NO” for which panel slot is used.
6. Read the “INPUT NO” for which connector on the slot is
used.
7. To read other channels simply change the channel
number on the keypad as you are watching this menu.
MONITORS
To check or program the input on a particular
channel:
126
The 24" monitor is the only one which is full resolution and
can be considered a reference. Test signals are available on
channels 091 - 098.
HD900F
6.4.1 20" & 24" MONITOR CALIBRATION
If the image does not appear uniform, i.e. if a white field
shows color in the corners (Use channel 093 to check this),
press the degauss button. If this does not correct it, adjust
the "Landing" as described in the following paragraphs.
When the 24" monitor is moved, the image white uniformity
may change due to the strength of the magnetic field around
the monitor and its interaction with the Earth's magnetic field.
MONITORS
1. press MENU
2. scroll down to SET UP, press ENTER
3. scroll to WHITE UNIFORMITY, press ENTER.
4. select MANUAL by pressing ENTER.
5. select DIRECTION. (Note: The parameter being adjusted
turns to yellow text.) Scroll UP or DOWN until the direction
indicated is the same direction you are facing as you look at
the monitor. Press ENTER.
6. Press DEGAUSS button above POWER button
8. At this point the rotation may need adjustment. Press
MENU repeatedly until you get back to the SET UP menu.
Choose ALIGNMENT. Select channel 95 (crosshatch pattern
to assist with rotation) by pushing 0-9-5 on the keypad.
Choose ROTATION. Press UP or DOWN keys until picture is
rotated properly. (Note: the picture position settings must
be set separately for underscan and overscan modes.) Press
ENTER to select setting, and then press MENU repeatedly to
exit the menus.
127
6.4.1 20" & 24" MONITOR CALIBRATION
7. If you still see color in any of the corners, choose the
appropriate screen quadrant (TOP LEFT etc.) and use the
UP/DOWN keys to remove the coloring. Press ENTER to save
the setting. RESET will restore all parameters on this screen
to 100.
128
HD900F
6.4.2 20" & 24" MONITOR FRAMELINE SETTINGS
NOTE: The entire underscanned picture is the full chip
dimension of 1920 x 1080 pixels and represents
the Transmission Area. Safe Action Areas and
Projection Apertures are set using the following
values.
16x9 Safe Action
- SAD MODE: 16:9 – 90%
·
16x9 Safe Action with 4x3 Safe Action
- SAD MODE: 4:3 – 90%
·
1.85 Projection Aperture (for film-out)
- SAD MODE: 16:9 – ANY SIZE
- H SIZE: 095
- V SIZE: 091
·
2.40 Projection Aperture (for film-out)
- SAD MODE: 16:9 – ANY SIZE
- H SIZE: 095
- V SIZE: 071
MONITORS
·
6.4.2 20" & 24" MONITOR FRAMELINES
129
RESET
PARADE
HD SDI IN
MONITOR
OUT
MODE
HD SDI IN
MONITOR
OUT
130
HD900F
6.5 HD SDI WAVEFORM MONITORS
Tektronix WFM1125:
Using the waveform monitor can be considered
analogous to using a reflective spot meter. It is useful
for the determination of exposure and shows the relative
values of the reflected light.
INPUT:
OUTPUT:
HD SDI
HD SDI or Y, Pb, Pr
MONITORS
NOTE: The monitor is AC powered only and has a fan.
It may be necessary to turn off the monitor if it
can be heard while shooting sync sound.
Resetting the Monitor
It is useful to save the settings of the monitor on the F1
key during the prep. This allows for an easy reset if the
parameters get changed. The standard mode is the
“PARADE” mode with the channels shown in the order of
“G – B – R” with the scale going from 0 –100%.
6.5 HD SDI WAVEFORM MONITORS
1. Push MENU key several times until menus disappear.
2. Hold the F1 key down until the monitor shuts off and
then let go.
3. The monitor will reset to the saved settings.
Leader LV 5700:
The Leader waveform monitor can be powered with 12V
DC via a 4-pin XLR, for field use.
INPUT:
OUTPUT:
HD SDI
HD SDI or Y, Pb, Pr
131
132
HD900F
7.0 INDEX
INDEX
#
! IND 89
1.4SXD 11, 31, 35
1.66 105
1.85 Projection Aperture 5, 105, 108-109, 129
12V DC 9, 24, 47, 49-51, 55-57, 60, 113, 119, 121
13x9 105
14x5 105
15x9 105
16x9 5, 32, 33, 47, 105-109, 121, 123, 125, 129
2.40 Projection Aperture 5, 47, 105, 109, 129
23.98 PsF 10, 47, 75
24 PsF 10, 47, 75
24P 3, 19, 21, 49
24V DC 25, 50, 51
25 PsF 10
29.97 PsF 10
2SXD 11, 31, 35
30 PsF 10
4x3 5, 105, 107, 121, 123, 125, 129
50i 10
59.94i 10
60i 10
7.0 INDEX
A
AB100 11
ABB 69, 111, 112
AC power 25, 49, 113, 121, 123, 125, 131
AES/EBU 116
Anton Bauer 11, 61
Aperture 31, 33, 39, 105, 108, 109, 113, 129
Artifacts 22, 97
ASPECT 67, 89, 105, 107, 108, 109
Aspect switch 67
Assignable 79, 81, 83, 93, 115
Astro HD monitor 47
Audio 8, 57, 59, 115, 116
Auto Black Balance 69, 111, 112
AUTO IRIS 91
Auto White Balance 69, 111, 115
AWB 69, 111, 115
B
Back focus 31, 36-39, 67, 111, 112, 115
Baseplate 8, 43
BATT ALARM 91
Battery 11, 48, 58, 60-61, 74, 81, 89, 91, 115
Black Balance - see also ABB 69, 111, 102
Black level 95, 111
BLK GAMMA 95
Blur 18, 45, 115
BNC 9, 55, 59, 114
Brightness 39, 47, 67, 83
Brightness knob 67
133
7.0 INDEX - CONTINUED
C
Calibration, 24 monitor 127
Case, accessory 27
Case, camera body 25
Cassette 8, 65
CBLE-12P 25, 51
CBLE-ABSU 25, 51
CBLE-AMPL 47
CBLE-AMPX 47
CBLE-IECNA 25
CBLE-ZLP 27
CC 8, 25, 31, 69, 83, 89, 111, 115
CC filter 8, 69, 83, 89, 115
CCD 8, 21, 31-33
CCNU 57
CCU 56
CDA 11, 31, 34
CGI 31, 116
Channel 8, 9, 37, 111, 115, 116, 119, 121, 123, 125, 127
Charger 61
Close focus distances 31
Color bars 65, 67, 79, 83, 112
Color correction 21, 71
Color saturation 97
Color temperature 119
Contrast 31, 33, 37, 39, 47, 67, 97, 99
Contrast knob 67
CRT 45
Cycles / mm 32
D
dB 21, 69, 81, 89, 112
DC power 9, 25, 119
DCC 83, 112
Default settings 89-101
Degauss 114, 127
DETAIL 21, 37, 39, 89, 97, 99
DF 77
Digital Encoders 8
Display switch 55, 67, 69, 76, 77, 79, 83, 85, 103, 112
Downconverter 47, 55, 57, 59, 113, 114, 115
Drop frame timecode 77
Dynamic range 81
E
ECS 10, 113
Edge enhancement 67, 97, 99
Encoders 8, 31
Encoding 116
Exposure 67, 69, 91, 115, 131
Extended Clear Scan 10, 113
Extenders 11, 31, 35
Eyepiece 8, 11, 25, 27, 42, 45-48, 67, 105, 114
Film 10, 19, 32-33, 45
Film emulsion 3
Film negative 21, 99, 113
134
F
HD900F
7.0 INDEX - CONTINUED
Film output, Shooting for 20, 21
Filter 3, 8, 31, 36, 39
Filter wheels 69, 71, 83, 89, 111, 115
Flickering 115
Focal length comparison 30
Follow focus 11, 27, 39, 43
Footage counter 75, 79, 99
Frame rate 10, 75, 83, 103, 111, 112, 113
Frameline 47, 67, 89, 105, 111, 119, 125, 129
Frameline markings, viewfinder 105-109
Framelines, 24 monitor 128-129
Framelines, monitors 119
Framing 113, 121, 123, 125
F-RUN 74-79, 115
Image enhancement 97
Imaging 3, 21, 112
Input channel 119, 123, 125
Interlace 10, 18-19, 45
Iris 39, 43, 69, 91, 115
ITU-709 21, 95, 99
KNEE 83, 97
H
7.0 INDEX - CONT.
Handle, carry 8, 53, 68, 114
HD SDI 9, 47, 58-61, 119, 120-131
HD900F 11, 25
HDCA 9, 11, 58-61, 114
HDCAA 9, 25, 58-61
HDCAM 65
HDEP 11
HDET 11
HDFB 11
HDFD 11
HDHR 11
HDHR 11
HDLM 11
HDPCM 25
HDPS 25
HDRP 25, 53, 68-69
HDSP 11
HDUC 11, 51
HDVP 25
Highlight exposure 91, 97
Hirose 9, 47, 51, 55, 57
Hoodman 113
Humidity 113, 114
INDEX
G
Gain 21, 22, 37, 69, 81, 89, 111, 112
GAMMA 20-22, 47, 95, 111
Genlock 9, 54, 60
I
K
135
7.0 INDEX - CONTINUED
L
Landing 114, 127
Lens 3, 8, 11, 31, 33, 34-35, 37, 39, 43, 65, 67, 69, 93, 112, 115, 116
Lens attachments 11, 31, 34-35
LENS FILE 93
Lens light 27, 49
Lens mount 3, 8, 43
Line pairs 33
LOW KEY SAT 97
M
Magnetic field 127
MARKER 89, 105, 107-109
MATRIX 20-22, 99, 111, 113
MBPC 11
MDC 55
Measurements 12, 13
Memory Stick 8, 72-73, 93, 101
Menu 10, 21, 55, 67, 69, 73, 81-109, 111, 112, 114, 119-122
Menu switch 55, 83, 85, 89, 103, 112
MENUS 85-109
Metadata 58, 116
MFF 11
Mic 9, 42, 69, 115
Miranda downconverter 55, 56, 114
Monitor 21, 37, 39, 46-47, 55, 59, 65, 91, 95, 111, 113-115, 117-131
Monitor, 14 in 122-123
Monitor, 24 in 124-129
Monitor, 9 in 120-121
Monitor, reference 127
Monitor, waveform 130-131
Monitors, shooting 113
MULTI-MATRIX 22, 99
N
ND 8, 39, 71, 89, 111, 113
ND filter 8, 39
NDF 77
Neutral density - see also ND 71
Non-drop frame timecode 77
NTSC 47, 54-55, 113, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125
O
On-board monitor 47
OPERATION MENU 89-93
OPERATOR FILE 73, 93
OUTPUT switch 111, 112
P
Paint 10, 21, 69, 73, 85, 89, 94-101, 111
PAINT MENU 89, 94-101
Paintbox - see also Remote control 57, 60
PAL 125
Panadata Hub 116
PARADE 130, 131
136
HD900F
7.0 INDEX - CONTINUED
Peaking knob 39, 67
Phantom power 42
Pixel 8, 31, 105, 115, 129
Prep 111, 131
Primo Digital DataLenses 116
Primo Digital lens design 31
Primo Digital lenses 3, 11, 29-39, 97, 99, 116
Progressive scan 10, 18-19
Projection aperture 5, 47, 105, 108, 109, 129
PRST 69, 83, 115
INDEX
R
Real time 77, 79
Rear panel 57, 119
Reference 69, 95, 127
Remote control 9, 10, 53, 68-69, 85, 101
Resolution 3, 8, 19, 31, 33, 97, 99, 127
RGB 8, 114
RMB150 57
Rotary Encoder Wheel 69, 85, 103
R-RUN 77
Running time 8
7.0 INDEX - CONT.
S
Safe and Projection areas 105, 108-109, 129
Safety zone 105, 108-109, 129
SCENE FILE 73, 101
SD10 11
SD14 11
SD20 11
SD35 11
SD5 11, 34
SD7 11, 34
SDI - see HD SDI 11
SDZ9 11
SDZT 11, 35
SDZW 11
Sensitivity 8
Serial Digital Interface - see HD SDI 59
Shooting monitors 113
Shooting outdoors 113
Shutter 10, 69, 89, 101, 111, 112, 113, 115
SKIN DETAIL 99
Slot, video card 119-125
SLZ11D 11
SMARTLENS™ 8, 31, 116
Spot meter 131
STANDARD file 22, 100, 101
Steadicam® 8, 11, 27, 53, 55, 59, 68, 113
SW STATUS 95
137
7.0 INDEX - CONTINUED
T
Tape 8, 31, 42, 45, 52, 55, 65, 74, 77, 79, 81, 82, 89, 99, 112, 114-116
Tape remaining indicator 82, 89
Temperature 37, 69, 113, 119
Timecode 9, 55, 59, 65, 75-79, 81, 111, 112, 115, 116
Timecode, regenerating 77
Timecode, setting 77
TOP MENU 85
Transmission 105, 121, 123, 125, 129
Troubleshooting 114-115
Tungsten 8, 69, 83, 111
U
Ultraview 3, 8, 45
Upconverter 51
USER MATRIX 22, 99
V
VF DISPLAY 89
Video 9, 19, 21, 37, 47, 55, 59, 95, 114, 125
Video inputs 47
VIDEO LEVEL 95
Video out 9
Video output, Shooting for 21
Viewfinder 3, 11, 39, 45, 53, 55, 65, 67, 69, 81, 83, 85, 89, 91, 103, 105109, 111, 113, 114
Vignetting 115
VISTA1 105
VISTA2 105
Visual FX 31, 116
VTR 55, 65, 69, 81, 111
VTR start / stop switch 69
W
Waveform monitor 37, 39, 91, 95, 130-131
Weights, equipment 11
WFA 11, 31, 34
White balance - see also AWB 47, 69, 83, 95, 111, 112, 115
White uniformity 127
X
XLR 9, 57, 115
Y
Y, Pb, Pr 9, 47, 54-55, 59, 114, 121, 125, 131
Z
ZEBRA / VF DTL 91
Zebra pattern 67, 91
138
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