English 3.85 MB

English 3.85 MB
Release 1.3
(Includes Release 1.3.16)
Supplement to V1.0 User Manual
03/06/2009
© 2008 NTI Ltd
This work is protected by copyright.
Under the copyright laws, this publication may not be reproduced or transmitted in any form, electronic or mechanical, including
photocopying, recording, microfilm, storing in an information retrieval system, not even for didactical use, or translating, in whole or
in part, without the prior written consent of NTI Ltd.
LinMot® is a registered trademark of NTI Ltd.
Note
The information in this documentation reflects the stage of development at the time of press and is therefore without obligation.
NTI Ltd reserves itself the right to make changes at any time and without notice to reflect further technical advance or product
improvement. Please refer to the latest edition of our "General business terms"
Version 1.19/ March, 6th 2009
1.
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
LinMot® Software Innovations............................................................................. 1
Overview................................................................................................................ 1
Saving Oscilloscope Shots..................................................................................... 5
Logged Warnings................................................................................................... 5
Minimal jerk motion profiles................................................................................. 6
Limited jerk motion profiles................................................................................. 7
Package installer .................................................................................................... 8
I/O status display ................................................................................................... 9
New commands for MT servo controller............................................................... 9
Operational states ................................................................................................ 11
2.
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
MT Servo Controller ........................................................................................... 14
Overview.............................................................................................................. 14
Setup and installation........................................................................................... 19
State Table ........................................................................................................... 20
Settings Table....................................................................................................... 23
Configuration software ........................................................................................ 26
3.
PROFIBUS Servo Controller ............................................................................. 32
3.1 Overview.............................................................................................................. 32
3.2 State machine....................................................................................................... 33
3.3 Cabling................................................................................................................. 34
3.4 Commissioning without PROFIBUS................................................................... 36
3.5 PROFIBUS Parameters........................................................................................ 36
3.6 Setup .................................................................................................................... 36
3.7 Data module overview ......................................................................................... 38
3.8 Data modules ....................................................................................................... 39
3.9 Diagnosis ............................................................................................................. 47
3.10 Trouble shooting / remedying faults.................................................................... 51
3.11 Interfaces.............................................................................................................. 52
4.
External position sensing .................................................................................... 53
4.1 Sine/Cosine sensors ............................................................................................. 53
4.2 A/B sensors.......................................................................................................... 56
5.
Master/Slave Modes ............................................................................................ 58
5.1 Master/Booster operation .................................................................................... 58
5.2 Master/Gantry operation...................................................................................... 59
6.
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
Parameters ........................................................................................................... 60
Introduction ......................................................................................................... 60
Global parameters................................................................................................ 61
Motor parameters................................................................................................. 68
Linear motor parameters...................................................................................... 71
Stepper motor parameters.................................................................................... 86
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
Solenoid parameters............................................................................................. 95
Position sensing parameters................................................................................. 99
MT parameters................................................................................................... 100
PROFIBUS Parameters...................................................................................... 102
7.
Tips and Tricks for the controller.................................................................... 104
7.1 Introduction........................................................................................................ 104
7.2 Selection between PD- or PID- Controller ....................................................... 105
7.3 Adjusting of the prefilter (Filter) ....................................................................... 105
7.4 Using profiles for reference position ................................................................. 106
7.5 Adjustment of the Feed-Forward Parameters .................................................... 107
7.6 Adjusting of the Current Offset ......................................................................... 108
7.7 The Tuning Tool................................................................................................. 109
7.8 Configuration of the max Current...................................................................... 112
7.9 Basic set up parameters for the Controller ........................................................ 113
7.10 Tuning of the controller ..................................................................................... 114
7.11 Checking results................................................................................................. 114
8.
LinMot® ASCII protocol ................................................................................... 115
8.1 Introduction........................................................................................................ 115
8.2 Setup and installation......................................................................................... 116
8.3 Commands overview ......................................................................................... 120
8.4 Command structure............................................................................................ 121
8.5 Commands ......................................................................................................... 123
8.6 Typical sequence................................................................................................ 149
8.7 Reference table: status and error messages ....................................................... 150
8.8 Reference table: position increment .................................................................. 151
8.9 Reference table: speed increment ...................................................................... 152
8.10 Reference table: acceleration increment ............................................................ 152
8.11 Reference table: current increment .................................................................... 152
8.12 Reference table: motor designator ..................................................................... 152
A.
Compatibility with previous releases............................................................... 153
B.
Service / Error display ...................................................................................... 154
C.
Maintenance of servo controllers ..................................................................... 158
D.
Maintenance of LinMot® P motors ................................................................... 159
E.
Mechanical installation servo controllers........................................................ 161
F.
Installation of the linear motors ....................................................................... 164
G.
Contact Addresses ............................................................................................. 167
Index ................................................................................................................... 169
®
LinMot Software Innovations
Overview
LinMot ®
1. LinMot® Software Innovations
1.1 Overview
For the Release 1.2/1.3 various extensions have been made to the PC software LinMot® Talk and to the firmware that runs on the LinMot® servo controller. This handbook describes all new functions and explains differences to
Release 1.1. With all alterations care has been taken to preserve compatibility
with Releases 1.0 and 1.1.
The following list provides an overview of the new functions. All innovations
are described in detail in separate sections.
New functions in
Release 1.3.16
• The version 3 servo controllers (E1001, E2001, E4001, E2031 and E4031)
are supported. These controllers are also available with an integrated master encoder interface (no add on module needed anymore).
• The high performance motors P0x-23F-HP and P0x-37-HP are supported.
• The high clearance sliders for the motor combinations PS0x-37 with PL0119, PS0x-37-HP with PL01-19, PS0x-37F with PL01-19 and PS0x-48 with
PL01-27 are supported.
New functions in
Release 1.3.15
• The motor series P0x-48 are supported with improved position tables.
New functions in
Release 1.3.14
• The motor series P0x-48 is supported.
• The curve wizard type “Limited Jerk” has now a onw parameter for the jerk
definition. See chapter 1.5 “Limited jerk motion profiles”.
• Noise dead band filter added when motor stands still. See chapter “Control
parameters” on page 80.
• CANopen interface added. CANopen controllers are available as independant product types like DeviceNet controllers.
• Commands GotoPositionFromActualPosition and SetDemandPositionToActualPosition added in MT, ASCII, DP, DN and CO (CANopen) interface.
• ASCII: The command !EX (read state flags) contains now as well the emergency stop substate information.
New functions in
Release 1.3.12
• On login LinMot® Talk checks the release consistency between PC and controller software.
• The serial link RS485 supports for both protocols RSTalk and ASCII RS485
the half and full duplex modes.
New functions in
Release 1.3.11
• The ASCII command set has been expanded with commands for starting
curves or cams from the actual position and commands for a setup service
(reading and writing memory words) are added. See chapter
8.3 “Commands overview”.
• MT Commands for starting curves or cams from the actual position are
added. See chapter 2.3 “State Table”.
• Profibus DP contains now modules for Error and Warning. See chapter
3.7 “Data module overview”.
• In LinMot® Talk the oscilloscope can display saved shots from a file even in
the offline mode.
User Manual Release 1.3
1
LinMot ®
New functions in
Release 1.3.10
LinMot® Software Innovations
Overview
• For setting up the motor parameters there is a new Tuning Tool which
helps setting up the correct values for the feed forward parameters (such
as Current Offset, FF_Acceleration and FF_Deceleration) according to the
motor type, load mass, friction, etc. A detailed description of the tuning tool
is located in chapter 7.7 “The Tuning Tool”.
• Shots taken with the LinMot® Talk’s built in oscilloscope can now be saved
and recalled. This makes it very easy to exchange shots. See chapter
1.2 “Saving Oscilloscope Shots”.
• The error inspector displays additionally controller state and the Logged
Warnings. This means all warnings which have occurred since the last run
setup will be stored and displayed. This feature can be very helpful for commissioning machines. See chapter 1.3 “Logged Warnings”.
• Release 1.3.10 supports the Gantry mode which makes it easy for the user
to initialize and command axis, where two motors work together but are
mechanically linked in a weak way both of the two motors have to be position controlled. The gantry mode is available in combination with external
sensors and booster motors. See chapter 5.2 “Master/Gantry operation”.
• Long stroke motors can now be run over the whole stroke without redefining
the motor position or moving the home position. Therefore the sensor configuration mode Internal Sensor 40µm is added. By selection of this item,
one position increment will be 40 µm which allows to cover 2520mm. See
chapter “Position sensing” on page 72.
• For some applications it is helpful, if all motor start their initialization (homing) at the same time. Therefore the global switch Init Together was added.
See chapter 6.2 “Global parameters”.
• To open up the versatility of the position sensor types, A/B sensors are
supported on the master encoder module. Up to two A/B sensors can be
linked with any motor. See chapter 4.2 “A/B sensors”.
• Release 1.3.10 provides the master encoder functionality (see Addendum
Master Encoder) in combination with the MT (Multitrigger), DP (Profibus) or
DN (DeviceNet) interface. For each interface, there are added master
encoder specific command for changing recipe, initiating cams or unlocking
cam mode.
• The configuration and debugging protocol RS-Talk is supported on both
links RS232 and RS485. The two links are handled completely separately,
thus it is even possible to communicate over the two links at the same time.
New Functions in
Release 1.3.9
• Release 1.3.9 supports a new curve type Limited Jerk in the Curve Creator. For this type the maximal speed and maximal acceleration are configurable like for the Point To Point type. The acceleration (and thus the force)
will not jump but change with a ramp.
• The curve type Ramp is not supported anymore. It can be replaced easily
by the type Manual with two curve points and the time. When importing
curve files in the Curve Inspector the curve type Ramp will be automatically converted to the Manual type.
New functions in
Release 1.3
2
• Parallel (master/booster) operation of motors. This enables the force available for a movement to be increased in simple fashion.
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot Software Innovations
Overview
LinMot ®
• Support for external sensors, which make possible substantially higher
accuracy. Thus positioning to an accuracy of 10 µm is possible with the
appropriate magnetic tape. The external sensors are connected to motor
channels not in use.
• The LinMot® firmware supports the new PROFIBUS servo controller: E130DP, E230-DP, E430-DP, E1030-DP, E2030-DP and E4030-DP.
• With the new PC software both servo controller with Release 1.2 and servo
controller with the new Release 1.3 can be parameterize and operated.
• The DISABLE state is now signalled by the LEDs Stat A and Stat B flashing
briefly twice. It is now distinguished unmistakely from the STOP state. The
complete state diagram with all LED codes is shown in Fig. 1-5, operating
states, on page 6.
• The multitrigger servo controller support four new commands. With Set PID,
Set FF, Set Cur. Offset and Set CP the controller adjustment and the
motion profile properties may be altered during operation (on the fly).
• New ASCII commands for starting movements with the help of trigger
impulse and for writing and reading various parameters. A full description
may be found in the section on LinMot® ASCII protocol on page 86.
• The speed, amplitude and position offset of the motion profiles can be set at
run time with the ASCII protocol and the PROFIBUS.
New functions in
Release 1.2
• Support of a new motion profile type for producing minimal jerk motion profiles. With this motion profile type very simple position profiles can be produced having minimal jerking.
• The so-called Package Installer facilitates equipping the servo controller to
the latest release. With only few mouse clicks the servo controller programmed with release 1.0 or 1.1 can be equipped for release 1.2.
• Extended controller: The internal position controller has been optimized and
given new functions. Through these extensions the controller can be better
adapted to the purpose in demanding servo applications.
• Implementation of an ASCII protocol for the RS232 and RS485 interfaces.
With this protocol very simple applications may be programmed, controlling
several LinMot® motors via RS232 or RS485 interface. Via the protocol, predefined position profiles may be started and any target positions moved into.
The new ASCII protocol is described in the section on the LinMot®ASCII
protocol on page 86 of this handbook.
• Support of the operation of LinMot® P01-23x160 motors with the servo controller of the E1000 series. The motors are connected with an adapter cable.
• Importing motor configuration data from different servo controller is now
assisted. If for example a motor configuration has been stored on E100
servo controller, this can be loaded without problems onto E200, E400,
E1000, E2000 or E4000 servo controller.
• The multitrigger servo controller support two new commands. With the command Redefine Position the actual position can be redefined. With
Set Current the maximum current and the force of a motor can be altered.
• New in the Error Inspector is a function for displaying the current I/O values.With the help of this I/O status display, problems during commissioning
can be overcome efficiently.
User Manual Release 1.3
3
LinMot ®
LinMot® Software Innovations
Overview
• Support for the “big type” adjustment in Windows 95/NT. Users of large
monitors can new use the “big type” setting. This ensures that all the displays on the screen remain legible, even when using 19” or 21” monitors.
4
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot Software Innovations
Saving Oscilloscope Shots
LinMot ®
1.2 Saving Oscilloscope Shots
The oscilloscope supports now saving and recalling shots. With the “Save
Configuration” button a complete oscilloscope configuration with the sampled
data included can be saved as a “.ose” file type. When Opening the saved
configuration the stored data will be displayed on the screen.
Open
Save
Figure 1-1: Saving or opening oscilloscope shots
1.3 Logged Warnings
The servo controller stores all warnings occurred since the last run setup
(entering in the RUN mode). These so called logged warnings are read out
and displayed with the Error Inspector by clicking the Warnings button.
show warnings
Figure 1-2: Displaying logged warnings
User Manual Release 1.3
5
LinMot ®
LinMot® Software Innovations
Minimal jerk motion profiles
1.4 Minimal jerk motion profiles
To simplify the generation of such profiles the Curve Editor has been provided with a new tool - the wizard. This calculates the motion profile with the
least possible jerking, taking into account the parameters start point, end
point and desired traversing time. Figure 1-3, “Traverse, speed and acceleration of a minimal jerk motion” plots the traverse, speed and acceleration of
such a profile.
s
End Position
Start Position
Motion Time
t
v
t
a
t
Figure 1-3: Traverse, speed and acceleration of a minimal jerk motion
Figure 1-4, “Typical minimal jerk motion profile” shows the Curve Editor with
which a minimal jerk motion profile has been produced.
Figure 1-4: Typical minimal jerk motion profile
6
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot Software Innovations
Limited jerk motion profiles
LinMot ®
1.5 Limited jerk motion profiles
The wizard for Limited Jerk profiles has now an additional parameter for the
jerk itself. The releases 1.3.9 to 1.3.14 have automatically assumed a triangular acceleration wave form.
Figure 1-5: Traverse, speed and acceleration of a limited jerk motion
Figure 1-6, “Typical limited jerk motion profile”, on page 7 shows an example
of a limited jerk profile generated in the curve editor. When importing curves of
type limited jerk, which are generated in versions 1.3.9 to 1.3.14, they will be
automatically converted into manual types.
Figure 1-6: Typical limited jerk motion profile
User Manual Release 1.3
7
LinMot ®
LinMot® Software Innovations
Package installer
1.6 Package installer
Equipping the servo controller for a new SW release has entailed loading
many individual data files onto the servo controller. With the new Package
Installer a release may now be loaded with a few mouse clicks. The installer
itself ascertains which servo controller is involved and automatically loads the
software for the particular version.
The Package Installer is started by selecting the menu option ‘Special’ ->
‘Install Package’. After this Install as User-ID and as password NTI must be
entered in capitals. The installation file is in the LinMot\Lin…\Firmware
directory.
Figure 1-7: Package installer during the installation of
LinMot® servo controller
8
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot Software Innovations
I/O status display
LinMot ®
1.7 I/O status display
The new I/O status display assists the user when commissioning the servo
controller. It shows the status of the input and output signals. It enables verifying whether all inputs are connected properly. The display is activated by
pressing the IO Status key in the Error Inspector.
Figure 1-8: IO Status display
1.8 New commands for MT servo controller
Redefine Position
Defining the actual position
With this command the actual position is redefined. It may be performed only if
the actuator in question has reached its target position and is not in the
FREEZE state.
Set Current
Set maximal current
This command sets the maximum current and hence the force of the actuator
concerned. Only positive values may be entered.
Set FF
Setting feed-forward parameters (Release 1.3)
This command sets the feed-forward parameters. It may be used to adapt the
controller optimally when changing the load mass.
Set PID
Setting PID parameters (Release 1.3)
This command sets the PID parameters. It may be used to adapt the controller
optimally during operation.
Set Cur. Offset
Setting current offset (Release 1.3)
This command sets the current offset for linear motors.
Set CP
Setting curve properties (Release 1.3)
This commands sets the motion profile properties offset, amplitude and
speed.
User Manual Release 1.3
9
LinMot ®
Recipe
LinMot® Software Innovations
New commands for MT servo controller
Change Recipe for Master Encoder (Release 1.3.10)
When operating in master encoder mode, this command changes the cams
for the next cam cycle. This command is only supported in master encoder
mode.
Start Cam
Change to cam mode (Release 1.3.10)
This command sets up the cam mode. It is possible to switch between time
locked and position locked mode. This command is only supported in master
encoder mode.
The table below provides an overview of the available MT commands:
MT commands
Abs Pos Act Pos
Command
Description
No Operation
Do not obey any command
Abs. position
Positioning to absolute position
Rel. position
Move by position difference
Abs. current
Set absolute amperage
Rel. current
Set relative amperage
Set current
Set maximum amperage
Set FF
Set feed-forward controller parameters
Set PID
Set PID controller parameters
Set Cur. Offset
Set current offset
Set CP
Set motion profile properties
Curve
Run setpoint motion profile
Move home position
Move home position
Redefine position
Define actual position
Freeze / unfreeze
Interrupt movement
Stop
Stop movement
Recipe
Change recipe for cam applications
Start Cam
Change to cam mode
Goto absolute position from actual position. (since release 1.3.13)
Nearly the same command as Abs.Position but the velocity/acceleration linmiter starts from the actual position. This command is intent to be used for
releasing from a press situation.
SetDPosToAPos
Set demand position to actual position. (since release 1.3.13)
Sets the demand positions to the actual motor position. This command is
used e.g. when the motor has been freezed and the motion should not continue when releasing from freeze if the motor has been current free and
should be powered again without moving.
10
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot Software Innovations
LinMot ®
Operational states
1.9 Operational states
The servo controller DISABLE state is now signalled by the two LEDs Stat A
and Stat B flashing twice briefly. This is now distinguished clearly from the
STOP state. The diagram below shows all conditions that must be satisfied for
a change of state. Since release 1.3.9 the state STOP (emergency stop state)
is distinguished by blink codes from the states INIT and RUN. The state STOP
can only be left to the state DISABLE by clearing the INIT, RUN and STOP
request flags..
FIRMWARE
STOPPED
Power Down | Stop Firmware
Power Up | Start Firmware
SETUP
DRIVE INIT
WAIT FOR
DISABLE
EP
!FR
FREEZE
!RR & !IR & !SR
1.)
IR
FR
SR
!IR
!RR & !IR & !SR
EP
DISABLE
ERROR
STOP
!EP & !RR & !IR & !SR
1.)
EP
RR & !DIND & !WP
!RR
EP
D
SR
RUN
!FR
FREEZE
DIN
R
!
R&
IR
P
&!W
&!
&
!RR
IR
FR
Input Signals
Input signals have to be
activated in the parameter
tree!
i
RUN signal is set in state
SETUP. For changing into the
state DISABLE, the RUN
signal must be cleared from
the active interface!
LEDs
Fault
Ready
Stat A
Stat B
LED off
LED blinking
LED on
Abbreviation
Set INIT Request
Set RUN Request
Set STOP Request
Set FREEZE Request
IR
RR
SR
FR
Reset INIT Request
Reset RUN Request
Reset STOP Request
Reset FREEZE Request
!IR
!RR
!SR
!FR
Internal Signals
1.) From Release 1.3.9
EP
DRIVE_INIT_NOT_DONE
ERROR_PENDING
WARNING_PENDING
Abbreviation
DIND
EP
WP
Figure 1-9: Operational states with LED display for version 2 controllers
User Manual Release 1.3
11
LinMot ®
LinMot® Software Innovations
Operational states
FIRMWARE
STOPPED (-)
Power Down | Stop Firmware
Power Up | Start Firmware
SETUP
DRIVE INIT (9)
WAIT FOR
DISABLE (0)
EP
!FR
EP
DISABLE (1)
((2)if INIT DONE
FR
SR
IR
ERROR
(Exxx)
FREEZE
!RR & !IR & !SR
!IR
!RR & !IR & !SR
STOP (7)
!EP & !RR & !IR & !SR
EP
!RR
EP
RR & !DIND & !WP
D
SR
RUN (8)
!FR
FREEZE
DIN
R
!
R&
IR
P
&!W
&!
R
R
!R
&I
EP
FR
Input Signals
Input signals have to be
activated in the parameter
tree!
i
RUN signal is set in state
SETUP. For changing into the
state DISABLE, the RUN
signal must be cleared from
the active interface!
Abbreviation
Set INIT Request
Set RUN Request
Set STOP Request
Set FREEZE Request
IR
RR
SR
FR
Reset INIT Request
Reset RUN Request
Reset STOP Request
Reset FREEZE Request
!IR
!RR
!SR
!FR
Internal Signals
DRIVE_INIT_NOT_DONE
ERROR_PENDING
WARNING_PENDING
Abbreviation
DIND
EP
WP
Figure 1-10: Operational states with 7 segment display for version 3 controllers
12
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot Software Innovations
Powerup
LinMot ®
Operational states
The following diagram shows I/O signals during a typical powerup.
Supply
Voltage
24V
Signal
0V
48V
Power
Input
Signals
INIT
Output
Signals
0V
WARN
RUN
ERROR
PwrUp
State
2 sec.
DIS
INIT
RUN
Figure 1-11: Powerup
Interruption of the
power supply
Because of the safety regulations it is in most cases necessary to turn of the
power supply of the motors in case of an emergency shutdown. The LinMot®
units are well equipped for this procedure because they have separate motor
power and logic signal supplies. Therefore in case of an emergency shutdown
the power supply can be interrupted while the signal supply can be kept on so
that the motors may not be initialized with homing. The following diagram
shows the relevant I/O signals during such a procedure.
Supply
Voltage
24V
Signal
0V
48V
Power
Input
Signals
RUN
Output
Signals
0V
WARN
Drive has no current
FREEZE
ERROR
State
RUN
DISABLE
RUN
FREEZE Position
Position
Drive goes to FREEZE
position with 25mm/s
Figure 1-12: Interruption of the power supply
User Manual Release 1.3
13
LinMot ®
MT Servo Controller
Overview
2. MT Servo Controller
2.1 Overview
The synchronization of electric drives is normally made by complex electronic
encoders. Simple PLCs are flow controlled and don’t provide this functionality.
The multitrigger concept permits nevertheless the synchronization of complex
movements using simple PLC systems.
Mechatronic Control Concepts
Electronic main shaft
Starting from an angle signal usually given by an angle encoder flanged onto
the main shaft the electronic mainshaft causes all drives to follow in angular
synchronism, i.e. position-controlled. Both central and decentral concepts are
employed. In the latter case, each decentral drive receives an angle signal
enabling it to read the required target position from a stored table. If flag errors
are disregarded, the entire machine may be considered as rigidly intercoupled. The control outlay on machines engineered in this way is not to be
underestimated, and calls for elaborate electronics. In particular a distinction
must be drawn between the synchronous running of the drives required during operation which is disturbed only by lag errors, and the situation known as
“special conditions" as occur when switching on the machine, during maintenance or faults.
E400-AT
Encoder
Axis Controller
100 mm
180˚
360˚
Encoder
E400-ME
PLC
100 mm
180˚
360˚
Figure 2-1: Electronic main shaft
Using electronic main shaft all drives are synchronized on the basis of an
angle signal from an encoder. The motion profiles are stored centrally in an
axis control or decentrally in the drives themselves.
14
User Manual Release 1.3
MT Servo Controller
LinMot ®
Overview
Sequential control
A fundamentally different philosophy is followed by the sequential control,
which may be compared with a cam control system. Here the individual functions are controlled not on the basis of angular information but by successive
events or time intervals. This approach is very common in the world of PLC
programming.
on/off
PLC
on/off
Sequential
Control
1
on/off
2
3
..
on/off
n
Figure 2-2: sequential control
Sequence controls run through the program step by step, the advance from
one program point to the next being triggered by events or time intervals.
Every program point is a self-contained operation, such as switching a relay
on or off.
Compared with angle-synchronous control by means of electronic shaft,
sequential control is much simpler, for all operational situations are handled by
identical conception. This means there is no need to distinguish between
angle-synchronous running in normal operation and the sequential procedures during initialization, maintenance or emergencies. On the other hand
there are restrictions wherever processes, in special motions, must run parallel or synchronously with each other. A typical example are mechanical function units with several interacting motions for folding or assembling packagings
and parts.
User Manual Release 1.3
15
LinMot ®
MT Servo Controller
Overview
PLC combined with complex motion sequences
Today many control tasks in mechanical engineering are performed by simple
PLC systems. Nevertheless once elaborate motions have to be controlled, the
demands made on PLC systems are so exacting that the low-priced small
devices are no longer up to the job. Mechatronic engineering has now
reached the stage where the number of function modules realized by the
closed loop brushless permanent magnet linear motors or rotational drives is
growing steadily, so that increasingly complex motion sequences have to be
controlled. In the view of this situation, the LinMot® servo controller has been
extended to include a so-called multitrigger functionality. The basic idea
behind multitrigger is to regard single or coupled motions of several motors as
self-contained motion sequences. That means a movement or motion
sequence of several coupled linear or rotary motors can be started and
stopped by the PLC, comparable with a relay that is switched on and off.
on/off
PLC
Curve
start/stop
Sequential
Control
1
2
Goto absolut Position
start/stop
3
Position:
max Speed:
max Acceleration:
44 mm
2 m/s
120 m/s2
..
n
Goto relative Position
start/stop
Increment:
max Speed:
max Acceleration:
8 mm
1.3 m/s
45 m/s2
Figure 2-3: Sequential control
Sequential control runs through the program step by step, triggering complex
motion sequences (absolute or relative movements, contours) comparable
with the closing of a relay. These then proceed decentrally in the servo controller.
To confirm that the motion has been carried out, PLC is able to signal back
like an end position switch or monitor a following error. In addition the PLC is
capable of stopping a machine that has been started or interrupting it for a
certain time. Otherwise the entire motion sequence is performed decentrally
in the servo controller, so that the PLC is relieved entirely of the position controlling that involves much computing.
The figure above shows various motion sequences available from LinMot®
Multitrigger with the associated configuration possibilities. Especially interesting with regard to combined movements is the ability to control up to 4 motors
simultaneously with one E400-MT or E4000-MT servo controller. In this way
the synchronous motion of 4 motors can be triggered by a single start command from the PLC. The following example will provide an insight into these
possibilities.
16
User Manual Release 1.3
MT Servo Controller
LinMot ®
Overview
Inserting a lid
Shown below schematically is a motion sequence as needed to insert a lid in a
container:
Drive A
PLC
Motion sequence 0:
Position container and lid
Slide lid in container
Push container on round table
Drive C
Lid
Container
Motion sequence 1:
Rotate round table by 180 degree
Move motor B and C back to the
home position
Drive B
Drive D
Figure 2-4: Inserting a lid
The two motion sequences are triggered by digital signals from the PLC which
thus controls the entire sequence without having to bother about synchronization or the actual position control of the motors.
After a first start command from the PLC, the linear drives B and C bring the
container and lid respectively into the working position. Linear motor A simultaneously begins a vertical motion profile which pushes the lid into the container. The container is then ejected onto a revolving table, and a
corresponding feedback signal is sent to the PLC (motion sequence 0). Provided further conditions are fulfilled, the PLC starts the motion sequence 1
which returns drives B and C to their home positions and turns the table 18O°
at the same time (drive D).
User Manual Release 1.3
17
LinMot ®
MT Servo Controller
Overview
The next figure shows the programming of motion sequences 0 and 1 (states
0 and 1) with the LinMot® Multitrigger control and the motion profiles 1, 2 and
3 for motion sequence 0.
Curve 1
s
t
Curve 2
s
t
Curve 3
s
t
a b
c
d
Figure 2-5: Programming the motion sequences with a
LinMot® MT servo controller
Plotted on the right are the motion profiles of motion sequence 0 (state 1).
These are to be understood as follows: motors B (motion profile 2) and C
(motion profile 3) move the container and lid respectively to the working position (a). At the same time motor A (motion profile 1) moves vertically to the lid
(b), presses this into the container and then withdraws to its home position (b
to c). Motor B (motion profile 2) then ejects the container onto the indexing
table (c to d). The motion sequences 'state 2' and 'state 3' define the positions
of the motors in emergencies and during maintenance respectively.
Summary
Together with direct linear motors and stepper motors, the Multitrigger concept enables complex mechatronic function units to be achieved in simple
fashion. The essential feature is the relieving to a large extent of the higherlevel overall control system (PLC, PC), so that a simple and low-cost configuration is made possible
18
User Manual Release 1.3
MT Servo Controller
LinMot ®
Setup and installation
2.2 Setup and installation
In this section the control of the LinMot® MT servo controller by a master control system will be explained in detail. The Multi Trigger servo controller of the
Ex00-MT and Ex000-MT series may be operated in the Multi Trigger or Analog
Trigger mode.
Operation in Multi Trigger mode
The Multi Trigger mode is an extension of the Digital Trigger mode on the AT
servo controller (see user handbook section 4.1.3). In the Digital Trigger
mode, two setpoint motion profile can be followed by each motor using the rising and falling slopes of the trigger signal.
In the Multi Trigger mode up to 64 setpoint motion profiles or reference positions can be stored on the servo controller for each motor. They may be
selected by means of digital trigger signals from the master control.
.
E400-MT
State 1:
Drive A: Goto Position 10 mm
Drive B: Goto Position 25 mm
Drive C: Goto Position 23 mm
Drive D: Goto Position 37 mm
State 2:
Drive A: Goto Position 39 mm
Drive B: Goto Position 17 mm
Drive C: Goto Position 20 mm
Drive D: Goto Position 48 mm
SPS
State No.
Digital Outputs
.
Digital Inputs
In Position
State 3:
…
State n:
Figure 2-6: MT control by digital trigger signals
The movements are stored in the form of states (state 0, state 1.....state 63)
on the servo controller. The master control (PLC) calls up the individual states
by means of digital trigger signals. As soon as the actuators have reached the
end positions of the current state, this is reported to the master control by
means of digital In Position signals.
User Manual Release 1.3
19
LinMot ®
MT Servo Controller
State Table
2.3 State Table
Up to 64 states may be defined in this table. Defined in each individual one of
them are the movements that must be performed by the actuator concerned
when the state is selected.
Figure 2-7: State Table
The movement to be performed can be defined in the table by the following
functions:
No Operation
Actuator performs no movement
The actuator performs no movement or completes a movement already
begun. This is used with servo controllers for several axes when an actuator is
not to perform any movement in the particular state or is to complete the
movement started.
Abs. Position
Positioning to absolute position
The actuator is brought to the desired absolute position (relative to zero) subject to an adjustable maximum speed and maximum acceleration. As soon as
the actuator reaches its end position the In Position signal is activated.
Abs. Current
Set an absolute amperage
This command is visible only when controlling solenoids and serves to set the
current for this.
Rel. Position
Displacement about the relative position
The actuator is displaced by the desired distance (relative to actual target
position) not exceeding a preselected maximum speed and maximum acceleration. As soon as the actuator reaches its targets position the In Position
signal is activated.
Rel. Current
Setting a relative amperage
This command is visible only when controlling solenoids and serves to set a
relative current for them.
20
User Manual Release 1.3
MT Servo Controller
State Table
Curve
LinMot ®
Run motion profile
A stored motion profile on the servo controller is run subject to an adjustable
maximum speed and maximum acceleration. As soon as the actuator reaches
the last setpoint on the motion profile, the In Position signal is activated.
Move Home Position
Displacement of the reference position (zero)
The motion profiles and absolute positions relate always to the reference position determined after initialization. With Move Home Position the reference
position (zero) of the drive in question is displaced by the desired distance.
This command may be executed only if all actuators have reached their setpoints and none of the motors are in the FREEZE state.
Redefine Position
Defining the actual position
With this command the actual position is redefined. This command may be
executed only if the actuator concerned has reached its target position and is
not in the FREEZE state.
Stop
Stop movement
The movement in progress is interrupted and the actuator is brought to a stop
subject to an adjustable maximum acceleration. As soon as the actuator is
stopped, the In Position signal is activated.
Freeze / Unfreeze
Movement interruption
The freeze command interrupts the movement in progress, and the actuator is
brought to a stop subject to the maximum acceleration for the current movement. Unlike the stop command the In Position is not activated by the freeze
command.
The unfreeze command enables the interrupted movement to be completed.
Once this has been done, the In Position signal is activated. If commands are
called while the actuator is in the freeze state, upon giving the unfreeze command the command last called is executed (if the commands last called were
Rel. Position commands, the relative positions are added).
All FREEZE commands are cancelled upon leaving the RUN operating state.
Set Current
Setting maximum current
This command sets the maximum amperage and with it the force of the actuator in question. Only positive values may be set.
Set Cur. Offset
Setting current offset
This command sets the current offset. It can be used to compensate a static
force.
Set FF
Setting the Feed Forward Parameters
This command sets the Feed Forward parameters. It can be used to obtain
optimal adaptation of the controller when changing the load mass.
Set PID
Setting the PID parameters
This command sets the PID Parameters. It can be used to adapt the controller
to changing load conditions during operation.
User Manual Release 1.3
21
LinMot ®
Set CP
MT Servo Controller
State Table
Setting the Motion Profile Properties
This command sets the motion profile properties offset, amplitude and speed.
Recipe
Change Recipe for Master Encoder (since release 1.3.10)
When operating in master encoder mode, this command changes the cams
for the next cam cycle. This command is only supported in master encoder
mode.
Start Cam
Change to cam mode (since release 1.3.10)
This command sets up the cam mode. It is possible to switch between time
locked and position locked mode. This command is only supported in master
encoder mode.
Start Cam ActPos
Change to cam mode and start cam from actual position (since release
1.3.11)
This command sets up the cam mode. It is possible to switch between time
locked and position locked mode. This command is only supported in master
encoder mode. In contrast to the Start Cam command this will set the curve
position offset parameter such as the cam start point is equal to the actual
wanted position.
Curve ActPos
Run motion profile from actual position (since release 1.3.11)
Same as Curve command but the curve position offset parameter will be set
such as the curve starts at the actual wanted position.
Abs Pos Act Pos
Goto absolute position from actual position. (since release 1.3.14)
Nearly the same command as Abs.Position but the velocity/acceleration linmiter starts from the actual position. This command is intent to be used for
releasing from a press situation.
SetDPosToAPos
Set demand position to actual position. (since release 1.3.14)
Sets the demand positions to the actual motor position. This command is
used e.g. when the motor has been freezed and the motion should not continue when releasing from freeze if the motor has been current free and
should be powered again without moving.
22
User Manual Release 1.3
MT Servo Controller
LinMot ®
Settings Table
2.4 Settings Table
The individual states are called up by the master control (e.g. PLC) with four
digital signals (Trig In 1…4). A command is assigned to each of the 16 possible input combinations of the trigger signals. These commands allow states to
be controlled directly, calling up the following state or the previous one, or performing the same state once again.
Figure 2-8: Controlling individual states
No operation
If the input signals change to an input combination for which the No operation
command is defined, the current state is retained.
If the movement of the current state is not completed yet, the movement commenced is ended as defined in the current state.
Goto next state
If the input signals change to an input combination for which the Goto next
state command is defined, the state following the current one is executed.
In table 2-1, “Resulting movements,” on page 23 it will be seen what movements result when Goto next state is called during a movement in progress
(of the previous state).
Goto previous state
If the input signals change to an input combination for which the Goto previous state command is defined, the state preceding the current one is performed.
If the movement of the current state is not yet completed, the resulting movements may be obtained from the table above.
Movement started
Movement called
Resulting movement
Abs. Position A
No Operation
Abs. Position A
Abs. Position B
Abs. Position B
Rel. Position +B
Rel. Position A+B
Curve 2
Curve 2
Table 2-1: Resulting movements
User Manual Release 1.3
23
LinMot ®
MT Servo Controller
Settings Table
Movement started
Movement called
Resulting movement
Rel. Position +A
No Operation
Rel. Position +A
Abs. Position B
Abs. Position B
Rel. Position +B
Rel. Position A+B
Curve 2
Curve 2
No Operation
Curve 1
Abs. Position B
Abs. Position B
Rel. Position +B
last demand value of
Curve 1 + B
Curve 2
Curve 2
No Operation
Stop
Abs. Position B
Abs. Position B
Rel. Position +B
Rel. Position +B
Curve 2
Curve 2
No Operation
Freeze
Abs. Position B
Freeze
Rel. Position +B
Freeze
Curve 2
Freeze
Curve 1
Stop
Freeze
Table 2-1: Resulting movements
Repeat actual state
If the input signals change to an input combination for which the Repeat
actual state is defined, the current state is performed once more. If this state
is to be repeated a number of times, between the repeat actual state commands the input combination for the No operation command must be given
each time, so that a change of the input combination ensues and hence
Repeat actual state is called.
If the movement of the current state is not yet completed, the resulting movements may be obtained from the table above.
Goto state
If the input signals change to an input combination for which the Goto state is
defined, this state is carried out.
If the movement of the current state is not yet completed, the resulting movements may be obtained from the table above.
From the example set out in the table below it will be clear how the desired
states are called up from the master control by means of the four digital signals Trig In 1…4. A new state is performed only after the input combination of
the trigger signals has been stable for an adjustable time (jitter filter).
24
User Manual Release 1.3
MT Servo Controller
LinMot ®
Settings Table
Shown in the table are the movements of motor A from the foregoing chart,
TRIG IN
4/3/2/1
input signals
Command
Current
state
number
Movement of motor A
0100
Goto State 0
0
Positioning to absolute position 5 mm
• max traversing speed 0.5 m/s
• max acceleration 10 m/s2
0001
Goto next state
1
Positioning to absolute position 10 mm
• max traversing speed 0.5 m/s
• max acceleration 10 m/s2
0000
No Operation
1
-
0001
Goto next state
2
Positioning to relative position -10 mm
• max traversing speed 0.5 m/s
• max acceleration 10 m/s2
0000
No Operation
2
-
0011
Repeat actual state
2
Positioning to relative position -10 mm
• max traversing speed 0.5 m/s
• max acceleration 10 m/s2
0000
No Operation
2
-
0001
Goto next state
3
Slider remains in current position or
commenced movement is completed
0000
No Operation
3
-
0110
Goto State 6
6
Slider is stopped with acceleration
10 m/s2
…
…
…
…
Table 2-2: Sequence of individual states
Operation in Analog Trigger mode
In the Analog Trigger mode the MT servo controllers Ex00-MT and EX000-MT
behave like the AT servo controllers Ex00-AT and Ex000-AT. With this setting
the MT functions described in these instructions are not available - only the AT
functions explained in the user handbook.
User Manual Release 1.3
25
LinMot ®
MT Servo Controller
Configuration software
2.5 Configuration software
The Multi Trigger servo controllers Ex00-MT and Ex000-MT are configured
with LinMot® Talk configuration software like the Analog Trigger servo controllers Ex00-AT and Ex000-AT. For programming the MT servo controller the
Curve Inspector has been extended with a graphical user interface for the
Multi Trigger functions. All the functions of the LinMot® Talk described in the
operating instructions remain the same, and will not be enlarged upon further
here.
Curve Inspector
This section will deal only with the extension of the Curve Inspector for the
Multi Trigger table. All other functions of the Curve Inspector may be read up
in the operator's handbook.
Besides the curves, with the Curve Inspector Multi Trigger tables may be
defined also for the MT servo controller. In the Curve Inspector these are
handled like normal curves, can be edited like curves, loaded onto the servo
controller and run. If motion profiles are called in the Multi Trigger table, they
must be loaded onto the servo controller together with the Multi Trigger table.
Unlike the motion profiles, only one Multi Trigger table may be loaded onto a
servo controller.
Multi Trigger Table
If the MT servo controller is configured for the Multi Trigger mode, in the
Curve Inspector there is a Create Multi Trigger Table key available beside
the Create Curve key.
Create Multi Trigger Table
Figure 2-9: ‘Create Multi Trigger Table’ key
Pressing the Create Multi Trigger Table key opens the Edit Multi Trigger
window.
The Edit Multi Trigger window consists of two pages, designated with the
two tabs Settings and State Table.
In the State Table the reference positions and setpoint motion profiles are
entered as well as the desired commands for the individual motors. The digital
input signals and input combinations are assigned to the individual states on
the settings page.
26
User Manual Release 1.3
MT Servo Controller
LinMot ®
Configuration software
Control elements in ‘Settings’
The first page of the Edit Multi Trigger table serves to set the active triggers
and to define the name of the Multi Trigger table and the input table.
Figure 2-10: Settings
Active Input Signals
The Active Input Signals define which input signals are controlled by the
master control system. If all four input signals are activated, sixteen input combinations are possible (0-15) for which an appropriate command must be
defined in the command table.
Important: The activated trigger signals are active only in the RUN operating
state. If the trigger inputs are needed for initializing, they must be activated in
the parameter inspector under \System\IO Configuration.
Active Trigger Signals
Through the fields of the Active Trigger Signals the input signals are
selected whose change of level will cause the appropriate command to be
executed. With the adjustment in the right of the illustration, the levels of input
signals C and D may change without a new command being executed. Only
with a change of input signal A or B respectively will the command defined for
the actual input combination be executed.
Name
A name may be assigned to the Multi Trigger table. The desired name is
entered in the field.
Print
Upon pressing this button the entire configuration of the Multi Trigger table is
printed out.
User Manual Release 1.3
27
LinMot ®
Command table
MT Servo Controller
Configuration software
In this table, commands are assigned to all combinations of the input signals.
This allows for example a state to be called directly in the table of state (see
next section), in the state following or in the previous one, or the current state
to be repeated.
Figure 2-11: Command table
Entered in the first three columns are the input signal levels for all input combinations in binary, hexadecimal and decimal form. Via the pull-down menu in
the fourth column, the desired commands may be set for the input combinations. The fifth column appears only if a state is called directly with the Goto
state command. The desired state number (0-63) can then be set in the fifth
column.
In the fifth column state numbers may be set only if the states in question
have already been defined in the table of states.
i
28
In the table of commands, commands may be assigned to the input combinations only if all necessary input signals have been activated. Input combinations not valid because the corresponding input signals have not been
activated are shown in grey in the command table.
User Manual Release 1.3
MT Servo Controller
LinMot ®
Configuration software
Control elements in “State Table”
Defined in the State Table are the actions to be performed by each individual
actuator in the particular status. Up to 64 states may be stored. At any state
one or all motors can be actuated.
Figure 2-12: Table of states
Add State
A new state may be added at the bottom of the table. Adding a new state is
possible only if the table of states has less than 64 lines.
Insert State
A new state is inserted at the top of the one selected momentarily. A new state
may be inserted only if the table of states has less than 64 lines.
Delete State
The selected state is deleted. This icon is active only if the entire line of the
state in question is selected. More than one line may be deleted at a time.
Lines once deleted cannot be recalled. To prevent unintentional deletion the
deleting of lines must be confirmed.
Add Column
A new column for a further actuator is added at the right-hand side of the
table. More actuators may be added than the connected servo controller is
capable of controlling. This enables a drive to be defined in a new column and
copied later into another column.
User Manual Release 1.3
29
LinMot ®
MT Servo Controller
Configuration software
Insert Column
A new column for a further actuator is inserted at the left of the selected column. More actuators may be inserted than the connected servo controller is
able to control. This enables a drive to be defined in a new column and copied
later into another one.
Delete Column
The selected column is deleted. This key is active only if the entire column is
selected. More than one column may be deleted at a time. Columns once
deleted cannot be recovered. To prevent unintentional loss, deletion must be
confirmed.
Copy
The entries of individual fields, several fields, entire lines or columns may be
copied.
Paste
By means of the Paste command the entries of the copied fields may be
inserted in other fields. The Paste command functions only if the actuator
types of the copied field and insertion field and the number of fields are identical.
State commands
In the individual fields of the state table the movements or commands are
entered which the actuator in question is to perform when the state is called.
Figure 2-13: Entering state commands
The state command is selected in the selected field of the table on the lefthand side by means of a pull-down menu containing all state commands valid
for the motor type adjusted.
The right-hand fields beside the pull-down serve to configure the state command. Only the fields available with the state command selected are displayed.
By means of the Update key the adjustments made are transferred into the
field. If they are not to be taken over, the alterations can be rejected by pressing the Cancel key.
Store / Close
With the Ok key the Edit Multi Trigger window is closed and the alterations
are stored in the Multi Trigger table. The Cancel key enables the window to be
closed without storing the alterations.
After closing the Edit Multi Trigger window the Multi Trigger table is in the
Curve Window of the Curve Inspector. The Multi Trigger table can now be
moved like a motion profile into the download window and loaded onto the
servo controller.
30
User Manual Release 1.3
MT Servo Controller
Configuration software
Set Port and Drive
Type
LinMot ®
After a double click at the first cell of a column, the Set Port and Drive Type
window appears.
Figure 2-14: “Set Port and Drive Type”- Window
In this window the user may alter the port (motor output on servo controller) for
the selected column and actuator type. However, the actuator type can be
altered only if no cell of the column has been edited yet. By pressing the Ok
key the alterations are stored, with the cancel key they are cleared.
Columns may also be defined that are not assigned to any motor output. This
allows columns to be exchanged in the state table by altering the columns in
question to Not Assigned first and then assigning them to the desired motor
outputs.
Teach-In with Multi Trigger mode
The Multi Trigger servo controller of the Ex00-MT and Ex000-MT series may
be programmed by teaching-in. This procedure allows very fast and precise
programming of movement sequences. When teaching-in, the slider is brought
manually to the desired reference position and the actual position is read out
from the servo controller and entered into the desired field in the table of
states.
The teach-in function is available in the absolute position mode in the state
table. The actual slider position is taken over by the Take Position key. It must
then be defined at what speed and with what acceleration the stored position
is to be approached. By pressing the Update key the values are entered in the
cell of the state table.
Figure 2-15: “Take Position” key for teach-in
For taking over the actual position values the connected MT servo controller
must be started. After initializing the motors are switched off (by deactivating
the RUN input). Now the sliders can be brought to the desired reference positions and the values transferred into the table of states.
User Manual Release 1.3
31
LinMot ®
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
Overview
3. PROFIBUS Servo Controller
Release 1.3 now supports the PROFIBUS-DP-compatible LinMot® servo controller. These servo controllers have a 12 MBit/s fast PROFIBUS-DP interface
and are eminently suited for complex motion sequences in conjunction with
PLC controls having an integrated PROFIBUS-DP master interface.
The PROFIBUS description is divided into the following subsections:
• chapter 3.1 “Overview”
• chapter 3.2 “State machine”
• chapter 3.3 “Cabling”
• chapter 3.4 “Commissioning without PROFIBUS”
• chapter 3.6 “Setup”
• chapter 3.7 “Data module overview”
• chapter 3.8 “Data modules”
• chapter 3.9 “Diagnosis”
• chapter 3.10 “Trouble shooting / remedying faults”
• chapter 3.11 “Interfaces”
3.1 Overview
Open field bus
PROFIBUS is an open field bus standard (EN 50170) that is finding ever more
widespread use in automation. There are three versions of it: FMS, DP and
PA. PROFIBUS-DP has been specially optimized for speed and is therefore
especially suited for the higher-level control of high-dynamic motors like
LinMot®.
Master-Slave
PROFIBUS-DP functions on the master-slave principle with overlaid token
passing between different masters. The master-slave communication is
strictly cyclic, whereby with the aid of time monitoring of the bus the failure of
either a master or a slave is detected at once. In addition the diagnose of a
slave by a master is standardized and offers considerable possibilities for
transmitting error and state information.
A PROFIBUS-DP participator is identified via an adjustable address (0-125).
Furthermore each equipment class has a so-called ident number, which is
identical for all equipment of the same type (all LinMot® DP servo controllers
have the same ident number).
www.profibus.com
32
In the description that follows it is assumed that the user possesses basic
knowledge on PROFIBUS-DP. One very good information source for PROFIBUS information is the WWW address http://www.profibus.com. To be
found there are various descriptions and further-reaching literature references.
User Manual Release 1.3
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
LinMot ®
State machine
3.2 State machine
To make the documentation understood more easily, a brief description of the
state machine of a DP slave is given below. It shows the states in which a DP
slave may be, and which steps it must pass through to go on line. On-line
means the state in which the master exchanges useful data cyclically with the
slave.
What is a Slave?
According to PROFIBUS terminology the LinMot® servo controllers are slaves.
Therefore they cannot initiate data transmissions on their own but must be
requested to do so by the so-called master, usually a PLC.
What is a Class 1
master?
A master of Class 1 conducts useful data traffic with the slave assigned to it.
Class 1 masters are usually industrial PLC systems.
What is a Class 2
master?
A master of class 2 is intended for commissioning purposes and may briefly
take over the control of any slaves. Class 2 masters are usually PCs with a
PROFIBUS printed circuit board.
Power up
Search baudrate
Wait for parameter
telegram
Wait for configuration
telegram
Data exchange mode
Figure 3-1: State machine of a PROFIBUS-DP slave
User Manual Release 1.3
33
LinMot ®
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
Cabling
State
Description
Search baud rate
In this state the slave seeks the baud rate at which
communication takes place on the bus.
Await parametring telegram
In this state only parametring telegrams are accepted
by the slave. This telegram contains the information
laid down in the standard, e.g. PNO number, syncfreeze capability etc.
LinMot® servo controllers await no application-specific
parameter data.
Await configuration telegram
The configuration telegram lays down the number and
nature of the input and output data.
LinMot® servo controllers support various data modules which may be put together at will. It can thus be
decided when parametring which data shall ultimately
be transmitted in the data exchange mode. For example a motor may be configured so that the target and
actual positions are transmitted. Another motor on the
same servo controller may be configured so that the
maximum speed as well as the target position is transmitted.
Data exchange
When both the parametring and the configuration have
been accepted from the slave’s firmware, the slave
assumes this state and exchanges useful data cyclically with the master.
3.3 Cabling
In this subsection hints and rules are given for correct cabling of the PROFIBUS network.
Shielding
Only cables with braided shielding should be used. The shielding must be
large-area on both sides. With permanently installed equipment it is a good
thing to bare the shielded cable without interruption and lay it on the shielding
rail or earthed conductor rail. This will enhance reliability in an environment
subject to severe interference.
Bus connector
Only bus connectors suitable for PROFIBUS and the corresponding baud rate
should be used. The connectors at both ends of the bus should have connectable termination. Such connectors are obtainable from Siemens for example.
Potential equalization
The shielding of the PROFIBUS cable must not be used for potential equalization. For installations earthed at different points a separate earth line must be
laid having an impedance at least 10 times less than that of the cable shielding.
34
User Manual Release 1.3
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
Termination
LinMot ®
Cabling
With baud rates above 1.5 MBit/s the PROFIBUS must be terminated actively
at both ends. In addition there should be a 100 nH series inductance in each
connector for each outgoing data line.
VP (6)
390Ω
B-Line (3)
220Ω
A-Line (8)
390Ω
DGND (5)
Figure 3-2: Termination of PROFIBUS line in accordance with EN 50 170
(Pin No. with 9-pin D-SUB connector)
Connector allocation
The connector allocation is laid down in the PROFIBUS standard. All equipment conforming to the standard must adhere to this allocation. The table
below shows the allocation of the 9-pin DSBUN connector.
Pin No.
Signal
Significance
1
Shielding
shielding / safety earth
2
M24
earth of 24 V safety earth
3
RxD/TxD-P1
receive / send data -plus, B-line, red
4
CNTR-P
repeater control signal (direction control)
5
DGND1
data transmission potential (reference potential
to VP)
6
VP1
supply voltage-plus, (P5V)
7
P24
plus 24 V output voltage
8
RxD/TxD-N
receive / send data-N, A-line, green
9
CNTR-N
repeater control signal (direction control)
1
1) This signal must be present. The others are optional.
With complicated and widely distributed arrangement of PROFIBUS equipment on a bus line it is advisable to thoroughly study the technical guideline for
building-up PROFIBUS-DP/FMS networks. This handbook may be ordered
from all PROFIBUS user organizations under No. 2.111. The addresses of
PROFIBUS user organizations are given on Internet under http://www.profibus.com.
User Manual Release 1.3
35
LinMot ®
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
Commissioning without PROFIBUS
3.4 Commissioning without PROFIBUS
The PROFIBUS servo controller can be commissioned without a working
PROFIBUS connection. This mode is well suited for adjusting the controller
and testing the cabling and the power supply. In this commissioning mode a
loaded motion profile is running continuously.
The following steps explain how to proceed:
1 Set PROFIBUS address to ‘EE’. Because the address switches are read
only once at start up, it is necessary to reset the controller when address
has changed.
WARNING: If the address is set to “FF” the servo controller is in the so
called bootstrap mode and no LED will be on (even not the green one).
2 Create motion profile with the LinMot® Talk software and download it to the
servo controller. The start point of the profile should be equal to the last
point.
3 Set motor type, initialization and controller parameters. See also chapter
“Parameters” on page 60.
4 Set parameters in the directory \Drives\Drive X\Set Value Generation
\Set Value Configuration. If the parameter Curve Number is set to 0 no
motion profile will be executed!
5 In the Control Panel press first the Stop key and then the Start key.
If the cabling and all the parameters are correct the motor will now run the
chosen motion profile cyclic.
3.5 PROFIBUS Parameters
The PROFIBUS relevant parameters are described in chapter 6.9.
3.6 Setup
PROFIBUS slave projects are performed mostly using PC setup software. All
leading PLC makers, such as Allen Bradley, Bosch, Mitsubishi, Omron and
Siemens provide such project environments.
Device Data Base
Sheet
The basis for open setup is provided by the electronic data pages designated
as equipment master files in the PROFIBUS standard. All information needed
for setup the particular slave is taken over by the setup software from these
equipment master files. The definition of the GSD files laid down in the standard ensures that every norm conforming slave can work with all norm conforming masters. The GSD file for the LinMot® servo controllers is named
LINM00B6.GSD and is located according to the software installation in folder
…/GSD of the installed LinMot® Talk software (e.g. C:/LINMOT/1R3/GSD/…).
Setup
The actual setup is done mostly by means of drag and drop. The following
steps are run through typically:
1 Load all necessary GSD files of the slaves employed into the setup software. This step must be performed only once with the usual programs.
2 Create and configure a PROFIBUS system on the desired master.
3 Create the individual slaves on the bus system.
4 Configure the individual slaves.
36
User Manual Release 1.3
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
Setup
LinMot ®
When configuring the slaves the desired data modules may be determined
which are exchanged with the master in cyclic traffic. All data modules supported by the LinMot® servo controller are described on page 39.
In Figure 3-3, “LinMot® PROFIBUS servo controller setup” a typical setup of a
PROFIBUS system with two LinMot® servo controllers is shown. The project
shown was accomplished with the help of the Siemens Step7 software.
} Motor A
} Motor B
} Motor C
Figure 3-3: LinMot® PROFIBUS servo controller setup
User Manual Release 1.3
37
LinMot ®
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
Data module overview
3.7 Data module overview
This subsection provides an overview of the data modules that can be used to
configure LinMot® PROFIBUS servo controller. With the help of these modules it can be defined which data are to be exchanged between the PROFIBUS master and the LinMot® servo controller. One module encapsulates an
indivisible data block. Such a block may comprise one or more data values.
The table below gives an overview of the available modules.
Data module
Description
Command
Performs a command on the LinMot®
servo controller.
Control/Status
Transmits the control and status words to
and from the servo controller respectively.
Get Position
Reads the actual motor position.
Get Current
Reads the actual current.
Max. Acceleration
Sets the maximum acceleration.
Max. Current
Sets the maximum amperage/power.
Max. Speed
Sets the maximum speed.
Next Drive
Introduces a new motor.
Run Curve
Starts a filed motion profile.
Run Incr. Curve
Starts a filed motion profile and the actual
demand position is set as curve offset.
Set Position
Sets motor’s target position.
Set Curve Speed
Sets speed of motion profiles.
Set Curve Amplitude
Sets the amplitude of motion profiles.
Set Curve Offset
Sets the position offset of motion profiles.
In the projecting software the modules bear after their actual name an identification indicating the direction of communication and the amount of data
exchanged.
38
User Manual Release 1.3
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
LinMot ®
Data modules
3.8 Data modules
All data modules are explained in the description below.
Command
This module serves to send commands to the LinMot® servo controller. It may
be setup only once per servo controller. Since it is possible to specify at the
running time for which motors the command is meant, this is only a minor limitation.
Module: Command
Command ID
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Motor A
Start Command (Toggle)
reserved
reserved
reserved
Bit 7 of Command ID
Bit 6 of Command ID
Bit 5 of Command ID
Bit 4 of Command ID
Bit 3 of Command ID
Bit 2 of Command ID
Bit 1 of Command ID
Bit 0 of Command ID
Bit
Motor B
Structure
14
1 word
15
Size
Motor C
Master ➟Slave
Motor D
Direction
Name
Command Value
Direction
Master ➟Slave
Size
1 word
Range
see table below
Unit
see table below
The table 3-1, “Overview of command module commands,” on page 40
describes the commands that can be executed with this module. All commands are started by altering the Start Command bits and apply at the same
time to all motors specified with bits Motor A...D. It is therefore possible with
one command to alter the P value of all motors.
The commands Redefine Position and Move Home Position freeze the
position set with the Set Position module. This is necessary to prevent
unwanted position jumps. With the command Unlock Set Position the position update is enabled again. The correct use of this command accordingly
comprises the following steps:
1 Perform the Redefine Position command. With this command a new value
is allocated to the actual position.
2 Adapt the target position transmitted with the Set Position command.
3 Call the command Unlock Set Position to enable the position setting
again.
User Manual Release 1.3
39
LinMot ®
Command
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
ID
Value
HEX
from … to
No Command
0x00
Redefine Position
Data modules
Unit
Description
-
-
No command is executed.
0x01
-32256 …
+32256
19.53125 µm or
1/8 Step
Redefines the actual position and
sets the demand position to the
same value. This command freezes
the position selected with the Set
Position module. It can be enabled
again with the Unlock Set Position.
Move Home Position
0x02
-32256 …
+32256
19.53125 µm or
1/8 Step
Shifts the reference position by the
specified value. The demand position
is shifted as well so that the motor
does not move. This command
freezes the position updated with the
Set Position module. It can be enabled again with the Unlock Set Position.
Unlock Set Position
0x03
-
-
Enables target position updated with
the Set Position module. This command is needed only after the Redefine Position and Move Home
Position commands.
Set Demand Position
to Actual Position
0x04
Set P
0x10
0 … 32640
0.00234 A/mm
Set P value of controller.
Set I
0x11
0 … 32640
0.0457 A/(mm*s)
Set I value of controller.
Set D
0x12
0 … 32640
0.015 A/(m/s)
Set D value of controller.
Set FF Friction
0x13
0 … 255
0.0234 A
Set FF Friction value of controller.
Set FF Acceleration
0x14
0 … 32640
0.1 mA/(m/s2)
Set FF Acceleration value of controller.
Set FF Deceleration
0x15
0 … 32640
0.1 mA/(m/s2)
Set FF Deceleration value of controller.
Set Current Offset
0x16
-256 … 256
23.4 mA
Set the Current Offset value of controller.
The Demand position is set to the
actual position of the motor.
Table 3-1: Overview of command module commands
40
User Manual Release 1.3
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
Control/Status
LinMot ®
Data modules
The Control/Status data module transmits the control word to the LinMot®
servo controller and reads back the status word from the servo controller. It
must be setup as first module. All subsequent modules relate to motor A till
the Next Drive module follows. If the Next Drive module is not supported by
the setup software, as an alternative the Control/Status module may be used
again to introduce a new motor. But only the data in the first Control/Status
will be evaluated.
Module: Control/Status
0
reserved
2
3
1
RUN Request
STOP Request
INIT Request
5
6
4
FREEZE ALL Req.
reserved
reserved
8
9
10
7
reserved
Trig In 1 (Drive A)
Trig In 2 (Drive B)
FREEZE Drive A
FREEZE Drive B
FREEZE Drive C
FREEZE Drive D
Name
11
Bit
Trig In 3 (Drive C)
Structure
12
1 word
Trig In 4 (Drive D)
Size
14
Master ➟Slave
15
Direction
13
Control
Status
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
In Position Motor A
Curve Done D (Toggle)
Curve Done C (Toggle)
Curve Done B (Toggle)
Curve Done A (Toggle)
WARNING Pending
ERROR Pending
CMD Executed (Toggle)
DISABLE State
INIT State
ERROR State
RUN State
INIT Done
Bit
In Position Motor B
Structure
14
1 word
15
Size
In Position Motor C
Slave ➟Master
In Position Motor D
Direction
Name
The control word determines the state into which the servo controller has to
go, and is sent from master to slave. The individual bits have the following
meaning:
RUN Request
Requests change to RUN state
STOP Request
Requests change to STOP state
INIT Request
Requests change to INIT state
FREEZE ALL Req.
Requests change to FREEZE state for all Motors
These signals correspond to those of the AT/MT servo controller. Thus for
example the change to the initialization mode is requested by INIT Request.
All states are described in detail in the user manual in chapter 4.2 from page
4-6.
User Manual Release 1.3
41
LinMot ®
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
Data modules
The signals Trig In 1 to Trig In 4 serve to initialize the motors in the initializing
modes Trig Move Out or Trig Move In.
Trig In 1 (motor A)
Trigger signal for motor A
Trig In 2 (motor B)
Trigger signal for motor B
Trig In 3 (motor C)
Trigger signal for motor C
Trig In 4 (motor D)
Trigger signal for motor D
With the FREEZE DRIVE X signals, single motors can be interrupted within
their movement.
FREEZE Drive A
FREEZE-Signal of Motor A
FREEZE Drive B
FREEZE-Signal of Motor B
FREEZE Drive C
FREEZE-Signal of Motor C
FREEZE Drive D
FREEZE-Signal of Motor D
The state in which the servo controller is signalled back by the status word.
The individual bits have the following significance:
RUN State
Servo controller in RUN state
ERROR State
Servo controller in ERROR state
INIT State
Servo controller in INIT state
DISABLE State
Servo controller in DISABLE state
INIT Done
All motors have been initialized
The CMD Executed bit changes its polarity at every command executed with
the Command module.
CMD Executed
This bit changes its polarity with every command
executed.
The two signals ERROR Pending and WARNING Pending indicate whether
there is an error or a warning present.
ERROR Pending
There is an error.
WARNING Pending
There is an warning.
The four bits Curve Done A..D indicate whether a motion profile commenced
with the Run Curve module has been completed already. The motion profiles
are always started by toggling a bit in the Run Curve module. As soon as the
motion profile is ended the Curve Done A..D assumes the same value as the
bit in the Run Curve module. In this way it is possible to determine any time
whether a motion profile is still being executed or has been completed.
Curve Done A
Motion profile ended on motor A
Curve Done B
Motion profile ended on motor B
Curve Done C
Motion profile ended on motor C
Curve Done D
Motion profile ended on motor D
The four bits In Position A..D indicate whether the motor, after a new position
has been set or a motion profile has been executed, has reached a defined
range around the target point. The limits of this range can be set with the
42
User Manual Release 1.3
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
LinMot ®
Data modules
parameters In Position + and In Position - in the directory \Drives\Drive
X\Position Monitoring.
Get Position
In Position Drive A
Motor A has reached the target point
In Position Drive B
Motor B has reached the target point
In Position Drive C
Motor C has reached the target point
In Position Drive D
Motor D has reached the target point
This module serves to transmit the actual position of the motor from the
LinMot® servo controller to the PLC.
Module: Get Position
Actual Position
Direction
Slave ➟Master
Size
1 word
Range
-32’256 to +32’256; (32’767 on invalid positions)
Unit
Get Current
Motor type
Unit
LinMot®
19.53125 µm
Stepper
1/8 Step
Solenoid
23.438 mA
This module serves to transmit the actual current of the motor from the
LinMot® servo controller to the PLC.
Module: Get Current
Actual Position
Max. Acceleration
Direction
Slave ➟Master
Size
1 word
Range
-256 to +256
Unit
23.438 mA
This module sets the maximum acceleration of the motor.
Module: Max. Acceleration
Max. Acceleration
Direction
Master ➟Slave
Size
1 word
Range
1 to 1536
Unit
Motor type
LinMot
User Manual Release 1.3
®
Unit
238.419 mm/s2
Stepper
47.6836 Steps/s2
Solenoid
-
43
LinMot ®
Max. Speed
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
Data modules
This module sets the maximum speed of the motor
Module: Max. Speed
Max. Speed
Direction
Master ➟Slave
Size
1 word
Range
6 to 24576
Unit
Max. Current
Motor type
Unit
LinMot®
190.735 µm/s
Stepper
0.081469 Steps/s
Solenoid
-
This module sets the maximum current (power) of the motor
Module: Max. Current
Max. Current
Next Drive
Direction
Master ➟Slave
Size
1 word
Range
0 to 255
Unit
23.438 mA
This module introduces the next motor when setup. Individual setup software
packages do not support this module, because it transmits no useful data. If
this is the case the Control/Status module may be used instead.
Module: Next Drive
Next Drive
44
Direction
Master ➟Slave
Size
0 words
User Manual Release 1.3
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
Run Curve
LinMot ®
Data modules
This module serves to run a motion profile on the servo controller.
While the “Continuous” Flag is set, the motion profile is repeated continuously.
If the “Delayed” flag is set the motion profile will not be started as long as
another profile is running.
With the “Incremental” flag, the actual Set Position is used as “Curve Offset”.
When this flag is used, the module “Curve Offset” should not be configured.
Module: Run Curve
Curve
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Incremental (from Rel.1.3.9)
ME Mode (from Rel. 1.3.10)*
reserved
reserved
reserved
reserved
reserved
Bit 5 of Curve Number
Bit 4 of Curve Number
Bit 3 of Curve Number
Bit 2 of Curve Number
Bit 1 of Curve Number
Bit 0 of Curve Number
Bit
14
Structure
Delayed (from Rel.1.3.9)
1 word
Continuous (from Rel.1.3.9)
Size
15
Master ➟Slave
Run Curve (Toggle)
Direction
Name
*) The “ME Mode” flag is only valid for MP software (Master Encoder with
Profibus) and if it is set the motion profile will run in master encoder mode.
Set Curve Speed
This module serves to set the desired speed of motion profiles. If the maximum value is set the motion profile is run as quickly as it was created. With
lower values the speed drops linearly.
Module: Set Curve Speed
Curve Speed
Set Curve Amplitude
Direction
Master ➟Slave
Size
1 word
Range
0 to 4096
Unit
0.0244% of maximum speed
This module serves to set the desired amplitude of motion profiles. The maximum value (4096) is equal to the scale factor 100%. With this value the amplitude of the motion profile is as big as it was defined in the curve creator.
Module: Set Curve Amplitude
Curve Amplitude
User Manual Release 1.3
Direction
Master ➟Slave
Size
1 word
Range
0 to 4096
Unit
0.0244% of maximum amplitude
45
LinMot ®
Set Curve Offset
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
Data modules
This module serves to set the desired offset of the motion profiles.
Module: Set Curve Offset
Curve Offset
Direction
Master ➟Slave
Size
1 word
Range
-32256 to +32256
Unit
Motor type
®
Set Position
Unit
LinMot
19.53125 µm
Stepper
1/8 Step
Solenoid
23.438 mA
This module serves to transmit the desired target position of the motor to the
LinMot® servo controller.
Module: Set Position
Demand Position
Direction
Master ➟Slave
Size
1 word
Range
-32256 to +32256
Unit
Motor type
®
46
Unit
LinMot
19.53125 µm
Stepper
1/8 Step
Solenoid
23.438 mA
User Manual Release 1.3
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
LinMot ®
Diagnosis
3.9 Diagnosis
PROFIBUS-DP is prepared for diagnosing equipment with messages in clear
text. The LinMot® servo controller and most of the setup software packages
support this. In the diagnosis messages any warnings and errors of a DP
slave present appear in clear text. If the diagnose is to be evaluated with a
PLC program, recourse may be had to the description of the diagnosis data in
the GSD file. There the meanings of all bits are defined.
Figure 3-4: Diagnosis message of LinMot® servo controller
The diagnostic telegram consists of 28 Byte. In the following tables, the mapping of diagnostic data to the warnings and errors of the LinMot® System are
shown:
User Manual Release 1.3
Byte No.
Meaning
0-5
According the PROFIBUS standard
6-7
Header and Padding
8-9
System Errors
10-11
Motor A Errors
12-13
Motor B Errors
14-15
Motor C Errors
16-17
Motor D Errors
18-19
System Warnings
20-21
Motor A Warnings
22-23
Motor B Warnings
24-25
Motor C Warnings
26-27
Motor D Warnings
47
LinMot ®
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
Diagnosis
System and Motor Errors
48
Bit No
Error
Cause
0
Motor too hot calculated
The calculated temperature of the
motor is too hot
1
Motor too hot sensor
The measured temperature of the
motor is too hot
2
Following Error
Following Error
3
Slider Missing
- LinMot: No slider in the stator or
the slider is extracted too much
- External Sensor: The distance
between the sensor head and the
magnetic band is too big, or the
magnetic band is damaged
4
Slave Error
An attached Booster or Gantry
slave motor, has an error. The Type
of error can be found in the diagnostic data of the slave motor.
5
Init failed
Error during the Homing procedure
6
Motor Type mismatch
The type of the connected motor is
not identical with the configured one
7
Curve Missing
The started curve is not stored in
the Controller
8
Reserved
9
DCLV Power too low
The DC Link Voltage of the power
board is too low
10
DCLV Power too high
The DC Link Voltage of the power
board is too high (e.g. extensive
breaking)
11
DCLV Signal too low
The Power Supply Voltage of the
micro controller board is too low
12
DCLV Signal too high
The Power Supply Voltage of the
micro controller board is too high
13
Electronic Fault
E1000 series:
The Servo Controller is too hot, or
the short-circuit detection has triggered.
E100 series:
The Servo Controller is too hot.
14
Reserved
15
Application Error
DP specific Error (e.g. data out of
Range)
User Manual Release 1.3
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
LinMot ®
Diagnosis
System Warnings
User Manual Release 1.3
Bit No
Warning
Cause
0
Motor too hot calculated
The calculated temperature of the
motor is hot
1
Motor too hot sensor
The measured temperature of the
motor is hot
2
Following Error
Following Error
3
Slider Missing
- LinMot: No slider in the stator or
the slider is extracted too much
- External Sensor: The distance
between the sensor head and the
magnetic band is too big, or the
magnetic band is damaged
4
Reserved
5
Reserved
6
Init not done
7
Reserved
8
Low Free Capacity
System Resources low
9
DCLV Power small
The DC Link Voltage of the power
board is low
10
DCLV Power high
The DC Link Voltage of the power
board is high (e.g. extensive breaking)
11
DCLV Signal small
The Power Supply Voltage of the
micro controller board is low
12
DCLV Signal high
The Power Supply Voltage of the m
micro controller board is high
13
Electronic Fault
The Servo Controller is hot,
14
Emergency Stop
The servo controller is in the emergency stop state.
15
Reserved
The Homing has not finished yet
49
LinMot ®
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
Diagnosis
Motor Warnings
50
Bit No
Warning
Cause
0
Motor hot calculated
The calculated temperature of the
motor is hot
1
Motor hot sensor
The measured temperature of the
motor is hot
2
Following Error
Following Error
3
Slider Missing
- LinMot: No slider in the stator or
the slider is extracted too much
- External Sensor: The distance
between the sensor head and the
magnetic band is too big, or the
magnetic band is damaged
4
Slave warning
An attached Booster or Gantry
slave motor, has an warning. The
Type of warning can be found in the
diagnostic data of the slave motor.
5
Reserved
6
Init not done
7
Reserved
8
Mot not in Pos Range
The motor is not within the “Pos
Range” (configured with LinMot
Talk)
9
DCLV Power small
The DC Link Voltage of the power
board is low
10
DCLV Power high
The DC Link Voltage of the power
board is high (e.g. extensive breaking)
11
DCLV Signal small
The Power Supply Voltage of the
micro controller board is low
12
DCLV Signal high
The Power Supply Voltage of the
micro controller board is high
13
Electronic Fault
The Servo Controller is hot
14
Reserved
15
Reserved
The Homing has not finished yet
User Manual Release 1.3
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
Trouble shooting / remedying faults
LinMot ®
3.10 Trouble shooting / remedying faults
PROFIBUS-DP is a very robust industrial bus, consequently most problems
when commissioning can usually be traced to faulty cabling or configuring and
not to defective equipment. With communication problems the bus cabling
should be checked first, and then the configuring. The following tips have
proved useful in practice.
Clearing the PLC
It is advisable to clear the PLC completely every time when altering the configuration or software.
Servo controller will
not go on-line
Check DP address: It is adjusted with the two rotary switches on the front of
the servo controller. Important: The address is entered hexadecimal.
Check the cabling: Only the two connectors at the end of the bus may be terminated. Because the bus is terminated actively, for correct termination the
equipment at the end of the bus must be switched on so that the connectors
have the voltage for termination. Check possibly whether the equipment in
question also have a voltage supply for the external termination. In case of
doubt place LinMot® servo controller at one end of the bus and the PLC at the
other.
Stub lines are no longer admissible with 12MBit/s.
Check version of GSD data file.
Motor not initialized
If data modules are configured for maximum acceleration, maximum speed or
maximum current, they must be preloaded with suitable values so that the
motor may be initialized.
Byte order
Unfortunately the various PLC makers use different byte order definitions in
their equipment. One of them gives the smallest address to the least significant byte (LSB) in a word, while another does just the opposite. To circumvent
this problem, with LinMot® servo controller the byte order can be adjusted by
means of parameters. A wrongly configured byte order may result in the lower
and upper bytes being switched round in a word.
Long cycle time
With slow PLC controllers it is advisable to cut out the high-priority diagnosis
on the LinMot® servo controller, in order to shorten the maximum cycle time1 .
In case of error there will then be no high-priority interrupt triggered on the
PLC. The error must then be handled in the cyclic OB.
To obtain a short cycle time it is advisable to map the LinMot® servo controller
into the process image and not perform subsequent peripheral accessing.
Depending on the application and control it may make sense to map the LinMot® servo controller into their own part process image. This eliminates cyclic
process image updating.
1) Here the cycle time on the PLC is meant. The bus cycle time on PROFIBUS is independent
of the PLC cycle time in most cases.
User Manual Release 1.3
51
LinMot ®
PROFIBUS Servo Controller
Interfaces
3.11 Interfaces
The PROFIBUS servo controller have the following interfaces:
Series 130
Pin
1
PHASE 1+
2
PHASE 2+
+ 5V A
3
4
5
6
7
Fault
Stat A
SIN
TEMP IN
PHASE 2AGND
9
COS
ID 2 DP-address low byte
Ready
Stat B
Pin
ID 1
ID 2
Mot B
Series 1030 / 1031
Pin
Mot A ... Mot D
10
SHIELD
9
TEMP IN
COS
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Sys 2
SIN
AGND
Mot C
+ 5V A
Com
not connected
2
not connected
3
RxD/TxD-P
4
CNTR-P
5
GND (isolated)
6
+ 5V (isolated)
7
not connected
8
RxD/TxD-N
9
not connected
Com
2
RS-232 TX
3
RS-232 RX
5
GND
PHASE 1PHASE 1+
Mot D
Series 130
top
DP
1
Pin
PHASE 2PHASE 2+
Series 1031
Pin
PROFIBUS-DP address
ID 1 DP-address high byte
Mot A
PHASE 1-
8
Pin
LinMot ®
Mot A ... Mot D
PWR
PGND
PWR+
RR+
bottom RR-
Series 1030
Pin
PWR
top
GND
bottom UZK +
PWR
Pin
PWR
USIG +
top
middle GND
bottom UZK +
Series 1030
Pin
PWR
top
USIG +
middle GND
bottom
Series 1031
Pin
PWR
+24VDC
top
bottom DGND
Figure 3-5: Pin assignment of PROFIBUS servo controller
52
User Manual Release 1.3
External position sensing
LinMot ®
Sine/Cosine sensors
4. External position sensing
The repeatable position accuracy of the linear motors of the LinMot® P series
with integrated measuring system can be increased to 10 µm or better with an
external position sensing. The very high linearity of the external sensor tape
enables the deployment of linear motors in applications where a very high
accuracy is demanded.
The LinMot® servo controller support two types of external position sensors
links: Sine/Cosine and A/B (incremental).
4.1 Sine/Cosine sensors
Principle
The sine/cosine position sensor consists of a sensing head and a magnetic
scale strip. When the sensing head is moved over the scale strip, a sine and a
cosine signal are given at the output. From these signals the LinMot® servo
controller calculates a position signal, which can be used to position the
motors.
Sensor
Magnetic tape
Figure 4-1: Principle of the sin/cos position sensing
Sensing connection
The external sensing is connected to an unused motor channel. The motor
that obtains its position via the external sensing must always be connected to
the following channel.
Example: If the external position sensing is connected to the motor channel A
the motor has to be connected to the channel B. If the external position sensing is connected to the motor channel C the motor has to be connected to the
channel D.
Channel A: Sensor
SA01
Channel B: LinMot
Figure 4-2: Position sensing connection
User Manual Release 1.3
53
LinMot ®
Operation with
LinMot® position sensors MS01-1000/P and
MS01-5000/P
External position sensing
Sine/Cosine sensors
If operating with the LinMot® position sensors MS01-1000/P or MS01-5000/P
the sensor amplifier SA01-44/D is needed. It performs the amplification of the
differential sine and cosine signals. The following diagram shows how to connect the position sensor.
Adapter cable
LinMot SA01-44/D
sensor amplifier
AC01-1000/23
+
+
Extension
cable
K01-23/xx
+
+
optional
input
side
only with E1000 /
E1001series
Position sensor
MS01-x000/P
Magnetic tape
MB01-x000
Figure 4-3: Connecting a position sensor using the LinMot® sensor amplifier
The table below shows the pin out on the input side of the sensing amplifier.
Both sine and cosine signals have differential inputs, making them immune to
electromagnetic interference.
Operating without LinMot® sensor amplifier
54
Name of
signal
LinMot® sensing
amplifier
Description
GND
Pin 8
Earth
+5V
Pin 7
(output)
+5 V supply
Sensor Sin+
Pin 2
(input)
Sensor Sin-
Pin 1
(input)
Differential sine input
Amplitude: ±50 mV
Common mode range: 0…5V
Sensor Cos+
Pin 5
(input
Sensor Cos-
Pin 4
(input)
Differential cosine input
Amplitude: ±50 mV
Common mode range: 0…5V
Operation without LinMot® sensor amplifier is inadvisable. If position sensors
from other manufacturers are used the sine and cosine signals must have an
offset voltage of +2.5V and an amplitude of max. ±2.3 V. Pin out is as follows:
Signal
Name
LinMot®
E100
Series
LinMot®
E1000/
E1001
Series
Description
GND
Pin 8
Pin 6
Earth
+5Vout
Pin 3
Pin 5
5 Volt Output
Max. 50 mA
Sensor Sin
Pin 4
Pin 7
Sine input
Offset: +5Vout / 2
Amplitude: ±2.3 Volt
Sensor
Cos
Pin 9
Pin 8
Cosine input
Offset: +5Vout / 2
Amplitude: ±2.3 Volt
User Manual Release 1.3
External position sensing
LinMot ®
Sine/Cosine sensors
Resolution
The table below correlates the resolution and stroke range of LinMot® motors.
Resolution and stroke range
Pole pitch
1 mm
5 mm
Resolution
Stroke range
20 µm
1260 mm
10 µm
630 mm
5 µm
315 mm
2.5 µm
157.5 mm
1.25 µm
78.75 mm
20 µm
1260 mm
10 µm
630 mm
5 µm
315 mm
LinMot® Talk
If the external position sensing is employed and a resolution is other than
20 µm, allowance must be made for this in the following parameters.
i
• Home / Check, Init / Initial Position
• Minimal/Maximal Position
• 0V / 10V / ’0’ / ’1’ Position
• all parameters in the position monitoring directory
• all parameters (Position, speed and acceleration) for generating motion profiles in the Curve Inspector.
• all position values (but not speed and acceleration values) in: multitrigger
tables, the ASCII protocol and the PROFIBUS
All these parameters must be converted by the following formula:
Valuenew = Valuereal * Factor
The factor has the following value:
Example
User Manual Release 1.3
Resolution
Factor
10 µm
2
5 µm
4
2.5 µm
8
1.25 µm
16
The resolution has been set to 5 µm. If the Home Position parameter is now
to be adjusted to 30 mm, a value of 120 mm must be entered instead.
55
LinMot ®
External position sensing
A/B sensors
4.2 A/B sensors
Principle
The A/B position sensor consists of a sensing head and a magnetic or other
scale strip. When the sensing head is moved over the scale strip, it will generate two digital output signals A and B, which are phase shifted by 90 degrees.
The signals A and B are feed into an encoder link of the master encoder over
RS422. From these signals the LinMot® servo controller calculates a position
signal, which can be used to position the motors.
A
B
Sensor
Scale Strip
Figure 4-4: Principle of the A/B position sensing
Sensing connection
The external A/B sensing is connected to an encoder link of the master
encoder module. See “Addendum Master Encoder”. The signal type of the
encoder link is RS422 and the encoder can be freely assigned to the motor by
the software.
On version 2 controllers, the master encoder functionality is provide with add
on modules, which have the following links:
ME01-01/08
ME01-02/08
Link A
ME /
Pos Sensor
ME /
Pos Sensor
Link B
loop through
only
Pos Sensor
On version 3 controllers, the master encoder functionality is alsready included
with the option -ME. So no add on modules are necessary.
56
User Manual Release 1.3
External position sensing
LinMot ®
A/B sensors
Parameters
When a motor gets its actual position from a A/B sensing, the only parameter
to be set is under Drive X\Advanced\Position Sensor. The resolution of the
encoder can be modified by selecting the decode mode.
There are the following possibilities:
A/B sensor specific items in
\Drives\Drive X\Advanced\Position Sensor
User Manual Release 1.3
AB Enc1 1X
Position from Encoder Link 1, Decode mode 1x
AB Enc1 2X
Position from Encoder Link 1, Decode mode 2x
AB Enc1 4X
Position from Encoder Link 1, Decode mode 4x
AB Enc2 1X
Position from Encoder Link 2, Decode mode 1x
AB Enc2 2X
Position from Encoder Link 2, Decode mode 2x
AB Enc2 1X
Position from Encoder Link 2, Decode mode 4x
57
LinMot ®
Master/Slave Modes
Master/Booster operation
5. Master/Slave Modes
As a LinMot® controller can serve up to four motors, several motor can work
together as one logical axis. Two different master/slave modes are supported:
master/booster and master/gantry slave.
5.1 Master/Booster operation
Master/Booster operation enables the force available for a movement to be
increased by putting motors in series or parallel. One motor must be defined
as master and up to three others as boosters. In addition the sliders of the
motors are coupled together mechanically.
Channel A: Master
Channel B: Booster 1
Channel C: Booster 2
Figure 5-1: Master/Booster operation of LinMot® motors
Principle
In operation the position is set for the master motor. The current calculated by
the position controller on the master motor is now set for both the master and
the booster motors.
Parameters
When configuring the motors the master must be defined before the boosters.
Only the following parameters must be defined on booster motors:
• motor type (P0x-23, P0x-37, P0x-48), same type as master
• 2 or 3 Amps (only with E100 series), same value as master
• commutation
• error handling
58
User Manual Release 1.3
Master/Slave Modes
LinMot ®
Master/Gantry operation
Operating Modes
A booster motor may exert its force either in the same direction as the master
or opposed to it. This can be chosen in the Master / Booster directory. In the
Booster parallel setting the booster motor must point in the direction of the
master, in the Booster reverse setting in the opposite direction to the master.
See also Figure 5-2, “Booster operating modes” below.
Master
Booster parallel
Master
Booster parallel
Master
Booster reverse
Figure 5-2: Booster operating modes
5.2 Master/Gantry operation
Like Master/Booster operation the Master/Gantry operation enables working
of two or more motors together by commanding just the master motor. But in
contrast to the Booster motor, the gantry slave motor is completely position
controlled, it only has copied the commanded positions from the master. This
enables another type of mechanical constructions where the two motors are
placed far from each other and the mechanical coupling can be weak (or even
inexistent). There can be configured up to three gantry slave on the same controller. It is also possible to combine external sensors with the gantry master
and slaves.
Channel A: Master
Channel B: Gantry Slave
Figure 5-3: Gantry operation
Principle
In operation the position is set for the master motor and will be copied automatically to the slave. The motors are position controlled independently of
each other.
Parameters
When configuring the motors the master must be defined before the slaves.
The slaves must be completely configured except for the run mode. A slave is
defined by selecting “Gantry Slave parallel” under “DriveX\Advanced\Master /
Booster\”.
User Manual Release 1.3
59
LinMot ®
Parameters
Introduction
6. Parameters
6.1 Introduction
All servo controllers of the LinMot® family may be configured for the application by means of parameters. The configuration is stored on the servo controller in the nonvolatile EEPROM.
The parameters are grouped hierarchically (tree structure) and may be edited
simply with the Parameter Inspector. All parameters are listed and explained
in tabular form below.
PARAMETER TABLES In these tables all parameters are explained. Each
table describes a directory or a parameter which may have various predefined values.
A
\Drives\Drive X\...
B
C
Parameter name
Explanation
...
...
...
...
D
A The parameters described are in this
directory.
C Attributes. See also table 6-1, meanings of the attributes.
B The names of the parameters.
D Description of parameter or predefined values.
All parameters and directories are printed in bold type in this section so
that they stand out. Every parameter may have additional attributes. The possible attributes are explained in the table below.
Attribute
Meaning
This symbol signifies live parameter. They may be altered while
the motors are operating.
This symbol signifies parameters that are write-protected and
cannot be altered by the user.
This symbol indicates that the parameter is visible only under
certain circumstances. A footnote at the foot of the table states
when this is so.
Table 6-1: Meaning of the attributes
To obtain a better overview, associated parameters are described in separate
sections.
System parameters
These include password protection, system-related error handling, starting
behavior, system time and firmware version information.
Drive parameters
In the Drives directory up to four actuators (Drive A, Drive B, Drive C, Drive D)
may be configured independently of each other. The motor parameters define
the behavior of the actuators concerned. This is determined by the drive type,
60
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Global parameters
the initialization, setpoint generation, positioning monitoring, control parameters and the drive-related error handling. The parameter for configuring the linear motors, stepper motors, solenoids and external position sensors are
described in separate sections.
MT parameters
The Multi Trigger directory serves to configure the MT servo controller. It is
visible only if a MT servo controller is connected and if the Command Interface parameter in the System directory has the value MT.
PROFIBUS parameters
In the PROFIBUS directory settings for the PROFIBUS servo controller can be
made. They are visible only with the servo controller having a PROFIBUS
interface (e.g. E430-DP).
Where are the parameter descriptions
The table below shows the sections describing the individual parameters.
Global parameters
chapter “Global parameters” on page 61
Motor parameters
chapter “Motor parameters” on page 68
Linear motor
chapter “Linear motor parameters” on page 71
Stepper motor
chapter “Stepper motor parameters” on page 86
Solenoid
chapter “Solenoid parameters” on page 95
Position sensor
chapter “Position sensing parameters” on page 99
MT parameters
chapter “MT parameters” on page 100
PROFIBUS parameters
chapter “PROFIBUS Parameters” on page 102
6.2 Global parameters
Global parameters define the global behavior of the system. This includes
password treatment, error handling, startup behavior, in/output configuration,
time and firmware information.
Device information
Device
The parameters in the Device directory provide information on the system
hardware.
\System\Info\Hardware\Device
User Manual Release 1.3
Type
Gives information on servo controller type
Serial No High
Top three digits of serial number
Serial No Low
Bottom three digits of serial number
Serial Number
Serial number as a string
Article Number
Article number as a string
61
LinMot ®
Memory
Parameters
Global parameters
The parameters in the Memory directory provide information on the storage
of the servo controller.
\System\Info\Hardware\Memory
Software
Flash Type
FLASH-EPROM type used
EEPROM Type
EEPROM type used
RAM Type
RAM type used
The parameters in the Software directory describe the software installed in
the servo controller.
\System\Info\Software
ID Switch Position
Release
Software release
Monitor
Monitor release
Base
Firmware version
Application
Application software version
Application 2
Application 2 software version
Tree Type
Parameter tree type
Tree Version
Parameter tree version
This parameter shows the ID switch position.
\System\Info
ID Switch Position
This value displays the position of the two hexadecimal rotary ID switches on the controller (on the front
side if DP controller or version 3 controller, else on the
bottom side), which are used to define the MAC-ID for
bus interfaces.
Passwords
Passwords
In the Passwords directory the password for the servo controller can be set.
\System\Passwords
User
The User parameter contains the currently used
user password. It can be altered only at this place.
No password is set when the servo controllers are
supplied.
Error handling
In this subsection the global handling of errors is described. Here a distinction
is made between warnings and faults. In most cases a warning is given first
when an error occurs. If the higher-level system does not respond to the
pending warning, the servo controller goes to the error state.
62
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Global parameters
Warnings
A warning is given with an active digital output signal WARNING OUT. This is
activated when a warning occurs. When a warning message is given, the system is still fully operational. All motors are controlled. A warning message
enables the higher-level system to respond to the warning and carry out a
controlled system shutdown (e.g. bring it into an emergency stop position).
When a warning is given the servo controller is always still in the RUN state.
Error
An error is signalled on the one hand by activating the digital output signal
ERROR OUT. This is done when an error occurs. On the other hand an error
leads to an immediate switch-off of all motors controlled by the servo controller. The servo controller is then in the ERROR state.
With fatal errors there is an instant jump into the error state.
Error Mask1
The selected entries determine which errors cause the firmware to go to the
error status. The motors are stopped if there is an error.
\System\Error Handling\Error Mask
Warn Mask1
DCLV Power Too Low
Power supply voltage too low.
DCLV Power Too High
Power supply voltage too high.
DCLV Signal Too Low
Signal supply voltage too low.
DCLV Signal Too High
Signal supply voltage too high.
Electronic Fault
Heat sink of servo controller is too hot (over
70°C) or a short circuit has been detected on a
motor phase.
In this directory all internal errors are selected that are to trigger a warning signal on the digital output.
\System\Error Handling\Warn Mask
DCLV Power Low
Power supply voltage low.
DCLV Power High
Power supply voltage high.
DCLV Signal Low
Signal supply voltage low.
DCLV Signal High
Signal supply voltage high.
Electronic Fault
Heat sink of servo controller hot1 (over 70°C) or
a short circuit has been detected on a motorphase.
1) As soon as the heat sink temperature is over 70°C the warning Electronic Fault is
activated.Then after 5 seconds the error Electronic Fault is activated.
Msg Mask
The parameters in the Msg Mask directory specify when the Msg Output signal should be high (parameter selected) or low (parameter not selected).
1) The exact threshold values for the voltage monitoring are shown in table 6-2 on page 65.
User Manual Release 1.3
63
LinMot ®
Logging Mask
Parameters
Global parameters
The parameters in the Logging Mask directory specify all internal error that
should be stored by the servo controller. The error log is preserved during
power failures.
\System\Error Handling\Msg Mask
1
\System\Error Handling\Logging Mask
DCLV Power Too Low
The supply voltage for the power circuitry is too
low.
DCLV Power Too High
The supply voltage for the power circuitry is too
high.
DCLV Signal Too Low
The supply voltage for the power circuitry is too
low.
DCLV Signal Too High
The supply voltage for the power circuitry is too
high.
Electronic Fault
Heat sink of servo controller is too hot (over
70°C) or a short circuit has been detected on a
motor phase.
Drive Type Mismatch
The connected actuator type does not correspond with the selected actuator type.
Curve Error
A reference motion profile cannot be found, or
the desired profile is not compatible with the
selected actuator type.
Slider Missing
The slider is missing from a motor, or the motor
was not connected correctly.
Init Failed
The initialization process could not be completed
successfully.
Drive Following Error
The following error of a motor is too big. The following error can be set separately for each
motor.
Drive Too Hot Calculated
A motor was temporary overloaded. Possible
causes are: the motor was blocked or overloaded (load mass too big, trajectory too fast, ...).
If this parameter is unselected, it can be possible
that an overheating of the motor, which is caused
ba a shorttime overload, cannot be detected
anymore. The motor may be damaged.
Drive Too Hot Sensor
A motor is too hot. It is overloaded and/or insufficiently cooled.
1) Not visible if parameter MT has been selected in the \System\Command Interface
directory.
64
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Global parameters
DCLV Monitoring
The warnings and errors in the voltage monitoring are generated according to
the values set out below.
\System\Error Handling\DCLV Monitoring
Power Low Warn
A warning is given if this power supply voltage is
understepped.
Power High Warn
A warning is given if this power supply voltage is
exceeded.
Power Low Error
An error is signalled if this power supply voltage is
understepped.
Power High Error
An error is signalled if this power supply voltage is
exceeded.
Signal Low Warn
A warning is given if this signal supply voltage is
understepped.
Signal High Warn
A warning is given if this signal supply voltage is
exceeded.
Signal Low Error
An error is signalled if this signal supply voltage is
understepped.
Signal High Error
An error is signalled if this signal supply voltage is
overstepped.
By default, a warning is given if the nominal voltage is exceeded by 6% or
understepped by 12%. An error leading inevitably to the servo controller being
run down is signalled if the nominal voltage is exceeded by 12% or understepped by 24%.
We recommend checking the voltage supply before and during the first commissioning, ascertaining above all whether the connected power supply has
sufficient voltage and current.
i
Nominal
Default
Warning
threshold [ V ]
Default
Error
threshold [ V ]
Signal voltage
24-48V
Min.
24V
21.12V
18.24V
Max.
48V
50.88V
53.76V
Power voltage
24-48V
Min.
24V
21.12V
18.24V
Max.
48V
50.88V
53.76V
Power voltage
48-72V
Min.
48V
42.24V
36.48V
Max.
72V
76.32V
77.93V
Table 6-2: Default thresholds for supply voltage monitoring for version 2
controllers
User Manual Release 1.3
65
LinMot ®
Parameters
Global parameters
Nominal
Default
Warning
threshold [ V ]
Default
Error
threshold [ V ]
Signal voltage
24-48V
Min.
24V
21.12V
18.25V
Max.
48V
50.86V
53.73V
Power voltage
48-72V
Min.
48V
42.24V
36.50V
Max.
80V
90.23V
92.29V
Table 6-3: Default thresholds for supply voltage monitoring for version 3
controllers
Start-up behaviour
Startup Mode
In the Startup Mode directory there is an on/off parameter with which the
startup behavior of the firmware can be determined.
\System\Startup Mode
Auto Start
If this parameter is set the servo controller jumps
automatically after powerup into the INIT state and
then to RUN, provided no error and warning
occurred.
Init Together
If this parameter is set all the configured motors will
start their initialization at the same time.
If this parameter is cleared, motor A will be initializing first, then motor B, C and D.
I/O configuration
IO Configuration
The parameters in this directory define which input and output signals of the
standard interface are to be read in or written out.
\System\IO Configuration
Run Input
Init Input
These parameters determine whether the signals
from the interface are read in.
Freeze Input
Emerg Stop Input
Analog / Trig Drive A
Analog / Trig Drive B
Analog / Trig Drive C
These parameters determine whether the trigger
signals are read in the states DRIVE INIT and
RUN.
Analog / Trig Drive D
Error Output
Warn Output
These parameters determine whether the corresponding signals are written to the interface.
Pos Error Output
1
Msg Output
1
66
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Global parameters
1) Not visible if parameter MT has been selected in the \System\Command Interface
directory.
Normally only the inputs and outputs needed or processed by the higher level
control system should be selected.
i
Command Interface
Command interface
Listed under Command Interface is the interface from which the commands
for the servo controller are given. Only one interface at a time may be activated.
\System\Command Interface
AT
The commands are given via the AT interface. This is the
default setting.
MT
The commands are given via the MT interface. This interface may be selected only if a MT servo controller is connected, otherwise an error will be signalled upon start-up.
ASCII RS232
The commands are given via the RS232 interface assisted
by the ASCII protocol. The LinMot-Talk protocol for configuration and debugging is still available over the RS232
link.
ASCII RS485
The commands are given via the RS485 interface assisted
by the ASCII protocol. The LinMot-Talk protocol for configuration and debugging is still available over the RS485
link.
Application
The commands are given via a special application software, which can be programmed for special applications
by NTI Ltd.
System time
Time
In this directory the system time can be recalled, broken down into operating
hours and seconds. If the servo controller is stopped via the Stop key on the
control panel, the system time is no longer updated till the next start.
\System\Time
User Manual Release 1.3
Hours
Operating hours
Seconds
Number of operating seconds (0…3600 s)
67
LinMot ®
Regeneration Resistor
Parameters
Motor parameters
The regeneration resistor’s switching hysteresys can be configured with these
parameters. This function is only available on version 3 controllers. On the
screw terminals MOT SUPPLY can be connected an external regeneration
resistor, which will be powered on demand over the internal MOSFET.
\System\Regeneration Resistor
Switch Off Voltage
If the voltage of the power supply goes below this
limit, the regeneration resistor will be turned off
(MOSFET becomes high impedant).
Switch On Voltage
If the voltage of the power supply rises above this
limit, the regeneration resistor will be turned on
(MOSFET becomes low impedant).
6.3 Motor parameters
The actuator interfaces Drive A to Drive D all have the same parameters.
The parameters described below are consequently the same for all four actuator interfaces
The drive parameters are divided into subsections giving the definition of the
drive type, initialization, setpoint generation, position monitoring, control and
error handling. Different subdirectories appear depending on the chosen
motor type.
68
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Motor parameters
Type
These parameters define the connected actuator type. The following actuators
may be selected:
\Drives\Drive X\Type
No Drive
This type must be selected if no actuator is connected or the actuator is to be cut out.
LinMot® P0x-23
This type must be selected if a LinMot® P0x-23 drive
is connected.
LinMot® P0x-23F
This type must be selected if a LinMot® P0x-23F
(fast) drive is connected.
LinMot® P0x-37
This type must be selected if a LinMot® P0x-37 drive
is connected.
LinMot® P0x-37
PL19
This type must be selected if a LinMot® P0x-37
drive in combination with a high clearance slider is
connected.
LinMot® P0x-37HP
This type must be selected if a LinMot® P0x-37-HP
(high performance) drive is connected.
LinMot® P0x-37HP PL19
This type must be selected if a LinMot® P0x-37-HP
(high performance) drive in combination with a high
clearance slider is connected.
LinMot® P0x-37F
This type must be selected if a LinMot® P0x-37F
(fast) drive is connected.
LinMot® P0x-37F
PL19
This type must be selected if a LinMot® P0x-37F
(fast) drive in combination with a high clearance
slider is connected.
LinMot® P0x-48
This type must be selected if a LinMot® P0x-48 drive
is connected.
LinMot® P0x-48
PL27
This type must be selected if a LinMot® P0x-48 drive
in combination with a high clearance slider is connected.
Stepper
If a stepper motor is connected, this type must be
selected. The stepper motor must be two-phase.
Magnet
This drive type is selected to control a solenoid with
the servo controller.
Sin/Cos Position
Sensor
If an external position sensor (sine/cosine type) is to
be connected to this channel, this type must be
selected. See also chapter “External position sensing” on page 53.
Front
User Manual Release 1.3
69
LinMot ®
Parameters
Motor parameters
Make absolutely certain that the configuration matches the motor type being
used. A wrong configuration can lead to damage of the connected drive (linear motor, stepper motor, solenoid).
The actuators stepper motor and solenoid normally do not have built-in temperature sensors, therefore they are not monitored for overload. The user is
himself responsible that these drives are not damaged in operation due to
overloading (overheating).
The parameters for the different actuator types are described in separate
chapters:
70
Linear motor
chapter “Linear motor parameters” on page 71
Stepper motor
chapter “Stepper motor parameters” on page 86
Solenoid
chapter “Solenoid parameters” on page 95
Positions Sensor
chapter “Position sensing parameters” on page 99
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Linear motor parameters
6.4 Linear motor parameters
In this section all parameters needed for configuration LinMot® linear motors
are explained. To make these parameters visible in the parameter inspector a
LinMot® motor in the directory \Drives\Drive X\Type must be selected.
Master / Booster operation
Master / Booster
This parameter defines whether the connected motor is to be operated in the
master, booster or gantry slave mode. A motor operated in the booster mode
takes over most of its master parameters. Thus if Drive B is configured as
booster it takes over adjustments from Drive A. A detailed explanation is
given in chapter “There are the following possibilities:” on page 57.
If a drive is configured as a gantry slave, it will get the save motion commands
but the position controller is done separately.
\Drives\Drive X\Advanced\Master / Booster
i
User Manual Release 1.3
Master
The connected motor is master.
Booster parallel
The connected motor is a booster running with the
master.
Booster reverse
The connected motor is a booster running in opposition to the master.
Gantry Slave parallel
The connected motor is a gantry slave running with
the master.
It is possible to combine master/booster operation with external position sensing. Up to 1 position sensor, 1 master and 2 boosters may be connected to
one LinMot® servo controller. With this configuration the external position sensor must be connected to the first motor channel, the master to the second
channel and the boosters to the other channels.
It is also possible to have external position sensors for gantry configurations.
The sensors have to be connected directly before the motors. E.g. the first
channel is master’s sensor, the second is the gantry master, the third is the
slave’s sensor and the last motor is the gantry slave.
71
LinMot ®
Parameters
Linear motor parameters
Position sensing
Position Sensor
With this parameter the user determines where the controller is to get its position information from. If external position sensing is employed, the resolution
may be set in addition.
\Drives\Drive X\Advanced\Position Sensor
Internal sensor
20µm
With this adjustment the actual position is determined with the inbuilt position sensing of the LinMot®. For strokes up to 1200mm, it is recommended
to select this resolution. This is the default setting.
Internal sensor
40µm
With this adjustment the actual position is determined with the inbuilt position sensing of the LinMot® but the resolution is 40µm, so the motor can
cover a stroke of up to 2400mm without shifting the
home position.
External 20 µm
With this adjustment the motor obtains its actual
position from the position sensor connected on the
channel above. If for example a motor is connected
to channel B he then takes his actual position from
the position sensor connected to channel A.
External 10 µm
External 5 µm
External 2.5 µm
External 1.25 µm
AB Enc1 1X
AB Enc1 2X
AB Enc1 4X
AB Enc2 1X
AB Enc2 2X
AB Enc2 1X
With this adjustment the motor obtains its actual
position from the position sensor connected to an
encoder link on the master encoder module (ME0101/08 or ME01-02/08). The type of sensor is incremental AB, and the decode mode can be 1X (only
rising edge of signal A), 2X (all rising edges of signal
A and B) or 4X (any edge of signal A and B).
In chapter “External position sensing” on page 53 it is explained how the
adjusted resolution depends on the travel range.
72
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Linear motor parameters
Initializing (Homing)
Initialization
The position sensing employed in the motors of the LinMot® series allows relative position determination. When starting therefore, the reference position
must be initialized just once. This is done by means of a so-called reference
move.
The way a motor is initialized is defined by the parameters Init Mode,
Init Switches and those in the Init Config directory.
Init Mode
The initialization mode lays down how the position zero of the slider is defined.
There is a choice of the following modes:
\Drives\Drive X\Initialization\Init Mode
Actual Position
The present position is defined as zero.
Auto Move Out
The slider moves out up to a mechanical stop. This
position is set as zero.
Auto Move In
The slider moves in up to a mechanical stop. This
position is set as zero.
Trig Move Out
The slider moves out till the zero is set by the positive slope of the trigger signal.
If the trigger signal has already been set when initialization is started, the slider moves in till the trigger
signal stops. Only then does the slider move out
again, so that the zero can be fixed with the positive
trigger slope.
Trig Move In
The slider moves in till the zero is set by the positive
slope of the trigger signal.
If the trigger signal has already been set when initialization is started, the slider moves out till the trigger
signal drops. Only then does the slider move in
again, so that the zero can be fixed with the positive
trigger slope.
Init Switches
\Drives\Drive X\Initialization\Init Switches
Init Once
User Manual Release 1.3
If this parameter is activated, the motor is initialized
in the INIT state for the first term only. If this parameter is not activated, the motors are initialized every
time an active INIT signal is present.
73
LinMot ®
Init Config
Parameters
Linear motor parameters
In the Init Config directory are the following initialization parameters:
\Drives\Drive X\Initialization\Init Config
Init Speed
Defines the speed at which the slider moves
when initializing.
Maximal Init Current
This parameter states the amperage that must be
detected when initializing against a stop. It can
thus be determined how firmly the linear motor is
to press against the stop when initializing. The
current is set as a percentage of the maximum
current.
Home Position
After reaching the current set with the Maximal
Init Current parameter when initializing, the
motor is initialized. This position is now given the
Home Position value.
Check Init Position
After defining the Home Position there is an
automatic traverse to the position defined under
Check Init Position and back to the
Home Position. If the slider cannot reach the
desired position (desired travel range not free),
an error signal is given.
Initial Position
At the end of initialization the Initial Position is
assumed. When the slider reaches this position,
initialization is concluded.
In the example on the following page the meaning of these parameters is clarified.
74
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Linear motor parameters
The example below shows the initialization procedure. The initialization
parameters were set as follows.
Init Mode:
Auto Move Out
Home Position:
20.0 mm
Check Init Position:
-20.0 mm
Initial Position:
0.0 mm
Action
Description
The motor seeks its Home Position. Since Auto Move
Out has been chosen as initialization mode, the slider
will stroke out of the motor. The search is concluded as
soon as the current reaches the Maximal Init Current
value. This adjustment ensures that the motor presses
firmly against its stop.
1. Search Home Position
Position [mm]
After the motor has found the Home Position this position is given the Home Position value, in this example
20 mm. With it the position axis is defined.
2. Set Home Position
Position [mm]
-20
0
20
Home
Position
After the Home Position has been defined, the Check
Init Position is moved into. If an error occurs during
this check traverse, the initialization is discontinued. If
no check of the traverse is desired, the Check Init
Position is set equal to the Initial Position.
3. Check travel range
Position [mm]
-20
Check Init
Position
0
20
Home
Position
After checking the traverse range the Initial Position is
assumed. After reaching it the initialization procedure is
concluded and the motor is ready for operation.
4. Go to Initial Position
Position [mm]
-20
Check Init
Position
0
Initial
Position
User Manual Release 1.3
20
Home
Position
75
LinMot ®
Parameters
Linear motor parameters
Generating setpoints
In this directory the method of generating setpoints is adjusted.
Run Mode
The setpoint generating mode is defined with the Run Mode parameter. The
following modes may be differentiated:
\Drives\Drive X\Set Value Generation\Run Mode
76
Serial
The setpoint is given with a protocol via the serial
interface.
Analog
The setpoint is given via the analog input corresponding to the motor. In the Set Value Generation
directory the boundary setpoints for the input levels
0V and 10V is depicted linearly on the setpoint range
defined by these boundary setpoints (maximum/minimum).
Continuous Curve
A motion profile stored in the servo controller is run
through cyclically. The curve number is selected
under Curve Number in the Set Value Configuration directory.
Trigger Curve
On the rising slope of the trigger signal a first, and
on the falling slope a second motion profile stored in
the servo controller are run through. The curve numbers are fixed in Set Value Generation directory
under Rise Curve Number and Fall Curve Number.
If the falling slope of the trigger signal ensues before
the first profile is completed, the second profile is run
immediately afterwards
Two Point
If the trigger signal corresponding to the drive is
active, the value defined with the parameter '1' Position in the Set Value Generation is traversed. If the
trigger signal is not active, the value is traversed that
is defined with the parameter '0' Position.
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Linear motor parameters
Set Value Configuration
The Set Value Configuration directory contains all configuration parameters
needed in connection with the setpoints.
\Drives\Drive X\Set Value Generation\Set Value Configuration
Minimal Position
Determines the minimal position for the motor
(lower limit of positioning range).
Maximal Position
Determines the maximal position for the motor
(upper limit of positioning range).
0 V Position
In the Analog mode this parameter defines this
position to be assumed with 0 V input voltage.
1
10 V Position
1
‘0’ Position
2
‘1’ Position
2
Curve Number
3
Rise Curve Number
4
Fall Curve Number
4
In the Analog mode this parameter defines this
position to be assumed with 10 V input voltage.
Defines the position assumed in the Two Point
mode when the trigger is at a logic 0.
Defines the position assumed in the Two Point
mode when the trigger is at a logic 1.
In the Continuous Curve mode the motion profile
stored in the servo controller and bearing the
number in Curve Number is run over cyclically.
In the Trigger Curve mode the motion profile with
this number is run on the rising slope on the trigger
signal.
In the Trigger Curve mode the motion profile with
this number is run on the falling slope on the trigger
signal.
Curve Pos Offset
This parameter sets the position offset of the
motion profile.
Curve Amplitude
This parameter sets the amplitude of the motion
profile. The value range is from 0 to 100%.
Curve Speed
This parameter sets the speed of the motion profile.
The value range is from 0 to 100%.
1) Visible only in Analog mode
2) Visible only in Two Point mode
3) Visible only in Continuous Curve mode
4) Visible only in Trigger Curve mode
User Manual Release 1.3
77
LinMot ®
Parameters
Linear motor parameters
The diagram below shows the shaping of the analog input voltage to the position setpoint in the Analog mode.
Set Value
10 V Position
Actual Set Value
0 V Position
Voltage
0V
Actual Analog Input 10 V
Figure 6-1: Set position with analog setpoint
The setpoint reached is the value interpolared linearly between the parameter
0V Position and 10 V Position.
Filter Parameter
This directory includes all parameters needed for setpoint filtering.
\Drives\Drive X\Set Value Generation\Filter Parameter
78
Max Speed
This value sets the upper speed limit. It is disregarded when a motion profile is being run. The speed
and acceleration are then taken from the motion profile.
Max Acceleration
This value sets the upper limit for acceleration. It is
disregarded when a motion profile is being run. The
speed and acceleration are then taken from the
motion profile.
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Linear motor parameters
Position monitoring
Position Monitoring
The firmware supports two kinds of position monitoring.
Position band monitoring
For every motor there is a position
band. If an active motor is outside its
band, the digital output POSITION
ERROR OUT becomes active.
t
Pos Error
t
Following error monitoring
The difference between setpoint and
actual position must stay within certain limits. When this difference
becomes excessive, if selected a
warning or error is signalled. Reasons for this may be: setpoint motion
profiles too fast, jumps in the setpoint
motion profiles, excessive load mass,
motor jammed.
t
Following Error
t
The following parameters serve to specify the limits:
\Drives\Drive X\Position Monitoring
Pos Range Min
Pos Range Max
In PositionIn Position+
Define the upper and lower limits of the position band
monitoring. If the actual position of the motor is below
its limit, the digital output POSITION ERROR OUT is
activated.
These two parameters define how close to the
desired target position the motor must be so that it is
considered reached.
If a motor is given a new set position (relative or
absolute movement) or a motion profile is started, the
In Position of the motor concerned goes to logic 0 till
the slider of the motor is within a range around the
setpoint.
Following ErrorFollowing Error+
User Manual Release 1.3
Define the maximum admissible following error. If the
difference between setpoint and actual position is
greater or smaller than the adjusted value, a warning
or an error is signalled
79
LinMot ®
Parameters
Linear motor parameters
Control parameters
Control Parameters
This directory includes the parameters needed for control. See also chapter
7. “Tips and Tricks for the controller”.
\Drives\Drive X\Control Parameters
80
Maximal Current
Determines the maximum current that can be applied
to the motor by the controller. Through the maximum
current this parameter also determines the maximum
force the motor can provide.
Current Offset
Enables a static force sustained by the motor to be
compensated.
P
Determines how the difference between setpoint and
actual position is to be represented by the demand
current. A setting of 1 A/mm causes a current of 1
ampere for a position deviation of 1 mm.
D
Determines how the difference between setpoint and
actual speed is to be represented by the current setpoint. An adjustment of 4 A/(m/s) causes a current of 4
amperes for a speed difference of 1 mm/s.
I
Determines how the time integral of the position deviation is to be represented by the current setpoint. An
adjustment of 100 A/(mm*s) causes a current of 1
ampere for a position difference of 0.1 mm over a time
of 0.1 s
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Linear motor parameters
\Drives\Drive X\Control Parameters
FF Friction
Determines what constant current is to be fed forward
for a slider motion. The sign for the feed-forward current depends on the direction of the motor stroke. This
parameter may be used to compensate any friction
present.
FF Acceleration
Determines what current must be fed forward to obtain
the desired acceleration. A value of 100 mA/(m/s2)
causes a current of 100 mA to be fed forward for an
acceleration difference of 1 m/s2.
FF Deceleration
Determines what current must be fed forward to obtain
the desired deceleration. A value of -100 mA/(m/s2)
causes a current of -100 mA to be fed forward for an
deceleration difference of 1 m/s2.
Noise Dead
Band
This parameter defines the width of the noise filter
dead band. This feature is to reduce the noise when
the motor stands still. Because this filter will reduce the
accuracy in positioning, it should only be turned on if
the acoustic noise is really disturbing and, when
turned on, the value should be set to the minimum
where the noise disappears.
The noise dead band filter becomes active, when the
demand position doesn’t change anymore.
When the integral position control parameter is set to
zero, the filter will freeze the motor current unless the
actual motor position deviates more than the noise
dead band width is defined from the average of the last
eight actual motor positions before this filter becomes
active.
When the integral position control parameter is turned
on, the filter will freeze the motor current unless the
actual motor position deviates more than the noise
dead band width is defined from the demand position.
User Manual Release 1.3
81
LinMot ®
Parameters
Linear motor parameters
Control modes
Control Switches
This parameter is visible only with a servo controller of the E100 series and
determines whether maximum current is to be 2 or 3 amperes. The maximum
current may be fine tuned with the Maximal Current parameter in the
Control Parameters directory.
\Drives\Drive X\Control Switches
Current ( ) 2A (x) 3A
If this parameter is selected the maximal current is
limited to 3 otherwise to 2 amperes.
1
1) Only visible for the series E100 controller units
Commutation
Commutation
In this directory are the parameters determining the commutation of the connected drives are to be powered. On a linear motor the commutation affects
the following operating variables:
• force ripple
• heat losses in the motor
• motor dynamics
The following commutation modes may be selected:
\Drives\Drive X\Advanced\Commutation
Sine (Default)
Force ripple:
heat losses in the motor:
motor dynamics:
little
small
medium
In most cases it is advisable to select this standard
commutation adjustment.
Trapezoid
Force ripple:
Heat losses in motor:
Motor dynamics:
large
large
medium to high
Block
Force ripple:
Heat losses in motor:
Motor dynamics:
very large
very large!!!
high
Because of the very large heat losses, this commutation may be chosen only where highest dynamics
in association with low duty cycle are demanded.
The duty cycle is the ratio between the moving time
and standstill time of the motor.
The parameters for the maximal current are in the directory \Drives\Drive X\
Control Parameters.
82
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Linear motor parameters
Error handling
Handling errors on the motor side is described in this subsection. General
information on errors and warnings may be obtained from the chapter “Error
handling” on page 62.
Error Mask
Warn Mask
The directories below show for the motors which internal errors lead to the
error state (Error Mask), which errors generate a warning (Warn Mask) and
what is to happen in the event of an emergency stop (Emergency Stop).
The user cannot access all error and warn parameters because the hardware
might suffer damage through incorrect settings.
\Drives\Drive X\Error Handling\Error Mask
User Manual Release 1.3
Drive Type Mismatch
The connected motor type does not match the
one selected or the connected motor is defective.
Curve Error
A setpoint motion profile cannot be found.
Slider Missing
The slider is missing or the motor has not been
connected properly.
Init Failed
An error has occurred while initializing the
motor.
Drive Following Error
A motor has a following error.
Drive Too Hot Calculated
A motor was temporary overloaded. Possible
causes are: the motor was blocked or overloaded (load mass too big, trajectory too fast,
...).
If this parameter is unselected, it can be possible that an overheating of the motor, which is
caused ba a shorttime overload, cannot be
detected anymore. The motor may be damaged.
Drive Too Hot Sensor
An overheated motor has been detected. It has
been overloaded and/or cooled inadequately.
83
LinMot ®
Parameters
Linear motor parameters
Most parameters in the Warn Mask directory can be edited, unlike those in
the Error Mask directory. Only the warning Drive Init Not Done cannot be
cleared. This warning is maintained till a motor has been initialized and prevents the servo controller assuming the RUN state as long as a motor is not
initialized.
\Drives\Drive X\Error Handling\Warn Mask
Slider Missing
Slider missing or motor incorrectly connected.
Drive Init Not Done
A motor has been connected incorrectly or not
at all.
Drive Following Error
The motor has a following error.
Pos Range Indicator
The slider is outside the position range defined
by Pos Range Min/Max. If this warning is activated, make sure that the Pos Range parameters are adjusted so that the signal is no longer
present after initializing, otherwise it will be
possible to ascertain only with great difficulty
whether all motors have been initialized properly.
The output will only be activated with an AT
servo controller if the parameter Pos Error
Output in the directory \System\IO Configuration is activated. With an MT servo controller in the MT mode (parameter MT in directory \System\Command Interface activated)
the output is only activated if the parameter
Pos Range in directory \Multi Trigger\
Output Configuration\Output 3 is activated.
84
Drive Too Hot Calculated
A motor was temporary overloaded. Possible
causes are: the motor was blocked or overloaded (load mass too big, trajectory too fast,
...).
If this parameter is unselected, it can be possible that an overheating of the motor, which is
caused ba a shorttime overload, cannot be
detected anymore. The motor may be damaged.
Drive Hot Sensor
Excessive motor heating has been detected.
Motor overloaded and/or inadequately cooled.
In Position
A motor has reached the demand position.
The corresponding output Msg Output will be
activated if the parameter Msg Output in the
directory \System\IO Configuration is activated and the parameter In Position in the
directory \System\Error Handling\Msg Mask
is activated.
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
Linear motor parameters
Emergency Stop
Mode
LinMot ®
The behavior of the motor after an emergency stop can be defined with the following modes:
\Drives\Drive X\Error Handling\Emergency Stop\Emergency Stop
Mode
Off
Motor no longer controlled. Position still read in. In
this mode the phases no longer have current.
Freeze
The motor decelerates1 and stays in that position.
The motor remains in operation.
Goto Position
The motor goes1 to the Emergency Stop Position
and stays there. The motor remains in operation.
1) The speed and acceleration value of these movements can be set with the parameters Maximal Speed and Maximal Acceleration in the directory EmergencyConfiguration.
Emergency Configuration
This directory contains only one parameter defining the position to which the
motor is moved in the event of an emergency stop.
\Drives\Drive X\Error Handling\Emergency Stop\Emergency Configuration 1
Stop Position
2
If the Drive Goto Position emergency stop
mode is selected, when an emergency stop
occurs the position defined under Emergency
Stop Position will be assumed at once. The
motor remains in operation.
Max Speed
Sets the speed with which the motor goes to the
Stop Position.
Max Acceleration
Sets the acceleration with which the motor accelerates/decelerates if the STOP signal is activated.
1) Visible only if the parameter Emergency Stop Mode is set to Goto Position or
Freeze.
2) Visible only if the parameter Emergency Stop Mode is set to Goto Position.
User Manual Release 1.3
85
LinMot ®
Parameters
Stepper motor parameters
6.5 Stepper motor parameters
Any axis on the servo controller can be configured to drive a stepper motor
directly without the need for a translator. This is useful in applications where
linear and rotary motion are needed.
In this section all parameters needed for configuration of stepper motors are
explained. To make them visible the parameter Stepper must be selected in
the \Drives\Drive X\Type directory.
Master / Booster Operation
Master / Booster
In the stepper motor mode this parameter must always be set to the Master
value. Master / Booster configurations are not supported in the stepper motor
mode.
\Drives\Drive X\Master / Booster
Master
Must be selected if a stepper motor is controlled.
Initializing
Initialization
Normal stepper motors allow only a relative determination of position. When
starting therefore, the reference position must be initialized just once. This is a
so-called reference move.
The initialization mode of a stepper motor can be defined using the parameters Init Mode, Init Switches and the parameters in the Init Config directory.
Init Mode
The initialization mode establishes how the position zero of the stepper motor
is defined. There is a choice of the following modes:
\Drives\Drive X\Initialization\Init Mode
Actual Position
The momentary actual position is defined as zero.
Trig Turn Left
The stepper motor turns counter clockwise till the
zero is fixed by the positive slope of the trigger signal.
If the trigger signal is already active at the start of initialization, the rotor turns in the opposite direction till
the trigger signal drops. Only then does it turn left
again so that the zero can be fixed with the positive
trigger slope.
Trig Turn Right
The stepper motor turns clockwise till the zero is
fixed by the positive slope of the trigger signal.
If the trigger signal is already active at the start of initialization, the rotor turns in the opposite direction till
the trigger signal drops. Only then does it turn right
again so that the zero can be fixed with the positive
trigger slope.
86
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Stepper motor parameters
Init Switches
\Drives\Drive X\Initialization\Init Switches
Init Once
Init Config
If this parameter is activated the motor is initialized
only the first time in the DRIVE INIT state. If it is not
activated, the motors will be initialized every time
when changing from the DISABLE to the
DRIVE INIT state.
In the Init Config directory are the following initialization parameters:
\Drives\Drive X\Initialization\Init Config
User Manual Release 1.3
Init Speed
Defines the speed at which motor rotates when
initializing.
Home Position
When the reference move is completed the actual
position is assigned to this value.
Initial Position
At the end of initialization the Initial Position is
moved into. Initialization is concluded when the
motor reaches this position.
87
LinMot ®
Parameters
Stepper motor parameters
Generating Setpoints
Run Mode
The setpoint generating mode is defined with the Run Mode parameters. The
following modes may be distinguished:
\Drives\Drive X\Set Value Generation\Run Mode
88
Serial
The setpoint is given with a protocol via the serial
interface.
Analog
The setpoint is given via the analog input corresponding to the motor. In the Set Value Generation
directory the boundary setpoints may be fixed for the
0V and 10V input levels. The analog input range
between 0V and 10V is formed linearly on the setpoint range defined by these boundary setpoints
(maximum/minimum).
Continuous Curve
A setpoint motion profile stored in the servo controller is run through cyclically. The motion profile numbers are selected under Curve Number in the
Set Value Configuration directory.
Trigger Curve
On the rising slope of the trigger signal a first, and
on the falling slope a second motion profile stored in
the servo controller are run through. The curve numbers are fixed in Set Value Generation directory
under Rise Curve Number and Fall Curve Number.
If the falling slope of the trigger signal ensues before
the first profile is completed, the second profile is run
immediately afterwards
Two Point
If the trigger signal corresponding to the drive is
active, the value defined with the parameter '1' Position in the Set Value Generation is traversed. If the
trigger signal is not active, the value is traversed that
is defined with the parameter '0' Position.
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Stepper motor parameters
Set Value Configuration
The Set Value Configuration directory contains all configuration parameters
needed in connection with the setpoints.
\Drives\Drive X\Set Value Generation\Set Value Configuration
Minimal Position
Determines the minimal position for the motor (lower
limit of positioning range).
Maximal Position
Determines the maximal position for the motor
(upper limit of positioning range).
0 V Position
In the Analog mode this parameter defines the position to be assumed with 0V input voltage.
1
10 V Position
1
‘0’ Position
2
‘1’ Position
2
Curve Number
3
Rise Curve Number
4
Fall Curve Number
4
In the Analog mode this parameter defines the position to be assumed with 10V input voltage.
Defines the position assumed in the Two Point
mode when the trigger is at a logic 0.
Defines the position assumed in the Two Point
mode when the trigger is at a logic 1.
In the Continuous Curve mode the motion profile
stored in the servo controller and baring the number
in Curve Number is run over cyclically
In the Trigger Curve mode the motion profile with
this number is run on the rising slope of the trigger
signal.
In the Trigger Curve mode the motion profile with
this number is run on the falling slope of the trigger
signal.
Curve Pos Offset
This parameter sets the position offset of the motion
profile.
Curve Amplitude
This parameter sets the amplitude of the motion profile. The value range is from 0 to 100%.
Curve Speed
This parameter sets the speed of the motion profile.
The value range is from 0 to 100%.
1) Visible only in Analog mode
2) Visible only in Two Point mode
3) Visible only in Continuous Curve mode
4) Visible only in Trigger Curve mode
Figure 6-1, “Set position with analog setpoint”, on page 78 shows how the setpoint behaves in the Analog mode.
User Manual Release 1.3
89
LinMot ®
Filter Parameters
Parameters
Stepper motor parameters
This directory includes all parameters needed for setpoint filtering.
\Drives\Drive X\Set Value Generation\Filter Parameter
Max Speed
This value sets the upper speed limit. It is disregarded when a motion profile is being run. The
speed and acceleration are then taken from the
motion profile.
Max Acceleration
This value sets the upper limit for acceleration. It is
disregarded when a motion profile is being run. The
speed and acceleration are then taken from the profile.
Position Monitoring
The firmware supports two kinds of position monitoring that are explained in
chapter “Position monitoring” on page 79. Because the stepper motor has no
position feedback it is not possible to use the following error monitoring.
The following parameters serve to specify the limits:
\Drives\Drive X\Position Monitoring
Pos Range Min
Pos Range Max
In Position In Position +
Defines the upper and lower limits of the position band
monitoring. If the actual position of drive is below its
limit, the digital output POSITION ERROR OUT is activated.
These two parameters define how close to desired target position the motors must be so that this is considered reached. Active only in the MT mode.
If a motor is given a new set position (relative or absolute movement) or a motion profile is started, the In
Position of the motor concerned goes to logic 0 till the
slider of the motor is within a range around the setpoint.
Control Parameters
This parameter sets the current for the stepper motor.
\Drives\Drive X\Control Parameters
Maximal Current
90
This parameter sets the current for the stepper motor.
If the stepper motor is not moving the current is
reduced to 50%.
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Stepper motor parameters
Control Modes
This parameter is visible only with a servo controller of the E100 series and
determines whether maximum current is to be 2 or 3 amperes. The maximum
current may be fine tuned with the Maximal Current parameter in the control
directory.
\Drives\Drive X\Control Switches
Current ( ) 2A (x) 3A
1
With this parameter a maximum current of 3 A is
elected, otherwise it is 2 A.
1) Visible only with a servo controller of the E100 series
Commutation
In this directory are the parameter determining the commutation of the connected drives. The commutation decides how the two phases of the connected motors are to be powered. With the stepper motors the commutation
affects the following operating variables:
• resolution
• smooth running
• maximum attainable speed
\Drives\Drive X\Advanced\Commutation
Auto (Default)
Resolution:
Max. speed:
4 quarter-steps / step
high
With this commutation there is automatic shuttling to
and fro between the commutations explained below,
depending on the speed. The advantage is the high
maximum speed combined with good resolution.
Micro Step
Resolution:
Max. speed:
4 quarter-steps / step
low
The advantage of this commutation is the attainable
resolution and low-vibration running. The low maximum
speed attainable is a disadvantage.
Half Step
Resolution:
Max. speed:
2 quarter-steps / step
medium
Full Step
Resolution:
Max. speed:
1 quarter-steps / step
high
The advantage of this commutation is the maximum
speed attainable. on the other hand the resolution is
low.
User Manual Release 1.3
91
LinMot ®
Current resolution
i
Parameters
Stepper motor parameters
Because the current drivers in the servo controller have only limited resolution, only the combinations of maximum current (phase current) and commutation set out below should be used.
Commutation
Maximum Current
LinMot
E100/E200/E4001
LinMot
LinMot
E1000/
E2000/
E4000
E1001/
E2001/
E4001
2A
3A
1 / 2A
1.5 / 3 A
0.75 / 1.5 /
… / 6A
0.75 / 1.5 /
… / 7.5 A
Half Step
0.5 / 1 / 1.5
/ 2A
0.75 / 1.5 /
2.25 / 3 A
0.375 / 0.75
/ … / 6A
0.375 / 0.75
/ … / 7.875 A
Full Step
> 0.125 A
> 0.178 A
> 0.05 A
> 0.05 A
Auto/Micro Step
Table 6-4: Maximum current adjustment for stepper motors
1) For all E100/E200/E400 device which have a serial number bigger than ----.001.200
only the 3 A column is valid.
Current Reduction
i
If the rotor of the stepper motor performs no movement, the phase current is
halved. This reduction ensues automatically 200 ms after standstill. The
parameter for the motor current can be found in the directory Drive\Drive
X\Control Parameters.
Error Handling
Handling errors on the motors are described in this subsection. General information on errors and warnings may be obtained from the chapter “Error handling” on page 62.
Error Mask
Warn Mask
The directories below shows which internal errors lead to the error state
(Error Mask), which errors generate a warning (Warn Mask) and what is to
happen in the event of an emergency stop (Emergency Stop).
The user cannot access all error and warn parameters because the hardware
might suffer damage through incorrect adjustments.
\Drives\Drive X\Error Handling\Error Mask
92
Drive Type Mismatch
The connected motor type does not match the
one selected or the connected motor is defective.
Curve Error
A motion profile cannot be found.
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Stepper motor parameters
The Drive Init Not Done parameter cannot be deselected, so that the servo
controller cannot assume the RUN state if a motor has not been initialized yet.
\Drives\Drive X\Error Handling\Warn Mask
Drive Init Not Done
A motor has been connected incorrectly or not
at all.
Pos Range Indicator
The slider is outside the position range defined
by Pos Range Min/Max. If this warning is activated, make sure that the Pos Range parameters are adjusted so that the signal is no longer
present after initializing, otherwise it will be
possible to ascertain only with great difficulty
whether all motors have been initialized properly.
The output will only be activated with an AT
servo controller if the parameter Pos Error
Output in the directory \System\IO Configuration is activated. With an MT servo controller in the MT mode (parameter MT in directory \System\Command Interface activated)
the output is only activated if the parameter
Pos Range in directory \Multi Trigger\
Output Configuration\Output 3 is activated.
In Position
Emergency Stop
Mode
A motor has reached the demand position.
The corresponding output Msg Output will be
activated if the parameter Msg Output in the
directory \System\IO Configuration is activated and the parameter In Position in the
directory \System\Error Handling\Msg Mask
is activated.
The behavior of the motor after an emergency stop can be defined with the following modes:
\Drives\Drive X\Error Handling\Emergency Stop\Emergency Stop
Mode
Off
Motor no longer controlled. Position still read in. In
this mode the phases no longer have current.
Freeze
The motor decelerates1 and stays in that position.
The motor remains in operation.
Goto Position
The motor goes1 to the Emergency Stop Position
and stays there. The motor remains in operation.
1) The speed and acceleration value of these movements can be set with the parameters Max Speed and Max Acceleration in the directory Emergency Configuration.
User Manual Release 1.3
93
LinMot ®
Emergency Configuration
Parameters
Stepper motor parameters
This directory contains the parameters defining with what parameters the
motor is moved if an emergency stop is activated with the STOP signal.
\Drives\Drive X\Error Handling\Emergency Stop\Emergency Configuration 1
Stop Position
2
If the Drive Goto Position emergency stop
mode is selected, when an emergency stop
occurs the position defined under Emergency
Stop Position will be assumed at once with ultimate regulation to this. The motor remains in
operation.
Max Speed
Sets the speed with which the motor goes to the
Stop Position.
Max Acceleration
Sets the acceleration with which the motor accelerates/decelerates if the STOP signal is activated.
1) Visible only if the parameter Emergency Stop Mode is set to Goto Position or
Freeze.
2) Visible only if the parameter Emergency Stop Mode is set to Goto Position.
94
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Solenoid parameters
6.6 Solenoid parameters
Any axis on the servo controller can be configured to control a solenoid.
In this section all parameters needed for configuration of solenoids are
explained. To make them visible in the Parameter Inspector, the Drive Type
parameter must be selected in the \Drives\Drive X\Type directory.
Master / Booster
In the solenoid mode this parameter must be always be set to Master.
\Drives\Drive X\Advanced\Master / Booster
Master
The connected actuator is a master.
Generating setpoints
In this directory the setpoint generation method is adjusted.
Run Mode
The setpoint generating mode is defined with the Run Mode parameter. The
following modes may be distinguished:
\Drives\Drive X\Set Value Generation\Run Mode
User Manual Release 1.3
Serial
The setpoint is given with a protocol via the serial
interface. The customer-specific protocol is provided
in the customized application software.
Analog
The setpoint is given via the analog input corresponding to the motor. In the Set Value Generation
directory the boundary setpoints may be fixed for the
0V and 10V is formed linearly on the setpoints range
defined by these boundary setpoints (maximum/minimum).
Continuous Curve
A setpoint motion profile stored in the servo controller is run through cyclically. The curve numbers are
selected under Curve Number in the Set Value
Configuration directory.
Trigger Curve
On the rising slope of the trigger signal a first, and
on the falling slope a second motion profile stored in
the servo controller are run. The curve numbers are
fixed in the Set Value Generation under Rise
Curve Number and Fall Curve Number. If the falling slope of the trigger signal ensues before the first
profile is completed, the second curve is run immediately afterwards.
Two Point
If the trigger signal corresponding to the drive is
high, the value defined with the parameter ‘1’ Current is driven. If the trigger signal is low, the value
defined with the parameter '0' Current is driven.
95
LinMot ®
Set Value Configuration
Parameters
Solenoid parameters
The Set Value Configuration directory contains all configuration parameters
needed in connection with the setpoints.
\Drives\Drive X\Set Value Generation\Set Value Configuration
Minimal Current
Determines the minimal current for the solenoid
(lower limit of current range).
Maximal Current
Determines the maximal current for the solenoid
(upper limit of current range).
0 V Current
In the Analog mode this parameter defines the current which is to flow through the winding with 0V
input voltage with solenoid control.
1
10 V Current
1
‘0’ Current
2
‘1’ Current
2
Curve Number
3
Rise Curve
Number
4
Fall Curve
Number
4
In the Analog mode this parameter defines the current which is to flow through the winding with 10V
input voltage with solenoid control.
With solenoids this value defines the current driven
with a logic 0 of the trigger.
With solenoids this value defines the current driven
with a logic 1 of the trigger.
In the Continuous Curve mode the motion profile
stored in the servo controller and bearing the
number in Curve Number is run over cyclically.
In the Trigger Curve mode the motion profile with
this number is run on the rising slope of the trigger
signal.
In the Trigger Curve mode the motion profile with
this number is run on the falling slope of the trigger
signal.
Curve Current
Offset
This parameter sets the current offset of the motion
profile.
Curve Amplitude
This parameter sets the amplitude of the motion profile. The value range is from 0 to 100%.
Curve Speed
This parameter sets the speed of the motion profile.
The value range is from 0 to 100%.
1) Visible only in Analog mode
2) Visible only in Two Point mode
3) Visible only in Continuous Curve mode
4) Visible only in Trigger Curve mode
96
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Solenoid parameters
The diagram below shows the shaping of the analog input voltage to the current setpoint in the Analog mode.
Set Value
10 V Current
Actual Set Value
0 V Current
Voltage
0V
Actual Analog Input 10 V
Figure 6-2: Set current with analog setpoint
The setpoint reached is the value interpolated linearly between the parameter
0 V Current and 10 V Current.
Control Parameters
This directory includes the parameters needed for control and regulation. See
also page 82 for tips and tricks.
\Drives\Drive X\Control Parameters
Maximal Current
Determines the maximum current and therefore
the maximum force.
Control Modes
This parameter is visible only with a servo controller of the E100 series and
determines whether maximum current is to be 2 or 3 amperes. The maximum
current may be narrowed still closer with the Maximal Current parameter in
the Control Parameters directory.
\Drives\Drive X\Control Switches
Current ( ) 2A (x) 3A
1
With this parameter a maximum current of 3 A is
selected, otherwise it is 2 A.
1) Visible only with a servo controller of the E100 series.
User Manual Release 1.3
97
LinMot ®
Parameters
Solenoid parameters
Error Handling
Handling errors on the motors are described in this subsection. General information on errors and warnings may be obtained from chapter “Error handling”
on page 62.
Error Mask
The directory below shows which internal errors lead to the error state (Error
Mask) and what is to happen in the event of an emergency stop (Emergency
Stop).
\Drives\Drive X\Error Handling\Error Mask
Emergency Stop Mode
Drive Type Mismatch
The connected motor type does not match the
one selected or the connected motor is defective.
Curve Error
A motion profile cannot be found.
The behavior of the solenoid after an emergency stop can be defined with the
following mode:
\Drives\Drive X\Error Handling\Emergency Stop\Emergency Stop Mode
Emergency Configuration
Off
Solenoid no longer has current.
Freeze
The actual amperage at the moment of the emergency stop is frozen. The solenoid remains in operation.
Set Current
At any emergency stop the current defined under
Stop Current is driven at once.
This directory contains only one parameter defining the current which is
driven into the solenoid in the event of an emergency stop.
\Drives\Drive X\Error Handling\Emergency Stop\Emergency Configuration
Stop Current
1
If the Set Current emergency stop mode is
selected, when an emergency stop occurs this
current is driven at once into the connected solenoid.
1) Visible only if the Emergency Stop Mode is set to Set Current.
98
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
Position sensing parameters
6.7 Position sensing parameters
With the external sensing it is possible to enhance the repeat accuracy and
the linearity of the LinMot® motors. Sine/cosine encoders with 1 to 5 mm pole
distance are supported. The external sensing can be configured with two
parameters. In chapter “External position sensing” on page 53 this subject is
explained in more detail.
Sensor Period
With this parameter the pole distance of the connected encoder is set. Either
1 mm or 5 mm may be selected.
\Drives\Drive X\Sensor Configuration\Sensor Period
Sensor Direction
1 mm
Must be chosen if the connected sensors have 1 mm
pole distance.
2 mm
Must be chosen if the connected sensors have 2 mm
pole distance.
5 mm
Must be chosen if the connected sensors have 5 mm
pole distance.
With this parameter the direction of the sensor in relation to the motor is set.
\Drives\Drive X\Sensor Configuration\Sensor Direction
Error Mask
Warn Mask
Positive
Must be set if the sine signal is to come before the
cosine when the slider strokes out of the motor.
Negative
Must be set if the cosine signal is to come before the
sine when the slider strokes out of the motor.
The directory below shows which internal errors lead to the error state (Error
Mask) and which warnings (Warn Mask) are available.
\Drives\Drive X\Error Handling\Error Mask
Drive Type Mismatch
The connected motor type does not match the
one selected or the connected motor is defective.
Slider Missing
The sensor is missing or incorrectly mounted or
connected.
\Drives\Drive X\Error Handling\Warn Mask
Slider Missing
User Manual Release 1.3
The sensor is incorrectly mounted or connected.
99
LinMot ®
Parameters
MT parameters
6.8 MT parameters
The parameters for the MT servo controller serve to configure the inputs and
outputs. They are available only on the MT servo controllers (e.g. E400-MT).
Jitter
Jitter Filter
Via the four digital inputs up to 16 states can be defined, which may be
recalled individually by the higher-level control. When more than one digital
input signal changes its state at the same time, jitter effects may occur.
If for example state 3 (0011) is called from state 0 (input combination 0000),
the last two input bits ought to change at exactly the same moment. If this
does not happen, during the change the status 1 (0001) or 2 (0010) will be
assumed briefly. If the servo controller were now to detect these transient
states, undesirable consequences would result. To prevent this, a new state is
assumed only after the input signals have remained stable for an adjustable
time interval.
Multi Trigger\Jitter Filter
Time
Time interval during which the input signals must be
stable so that a change of state is performed.
Acknowledge
Acknowledge
This parameter defines how long the signal In Position at least stays at zero
after a command has been executed. The signal In Position goes to one if
this time has expired and the motor has reached its wanted position.
Multi Trigger\Acknowledge
Time
100
Minimal time during the signal In Position goes to
zero after a command has been executed.
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
LinMot ®
MT parameters
Output Signals
Output Configuration
Outputs 3 and 4 can be configured by the user by means of the parameters in
the directory \Multi Trigger\Output Configuration.
Output 3
Output 4
The function of output 3 and 4 can be selected with this parameter.
Multi Trigger\Output Configuration\Output 3
None
Output not driven
In Pos A / In Pos B
In Pos C / In Pos D
In Position signals from motor A, B, C and D
In Pos A*B
AND gating of relevant In Position signals
In Pos C*D
In Pos A*B*C*D
Pos Range
Pos Range signal is given
Multi Trigger\Output Configuration\Output 4
None
Output not driven
In Pos A / In Pos B
In Pos C / In Pos D
In Position signal from motors A, B, C and D
In Pos A*B
AND gating of relevant In Position signals
In Pos C*D
In Pos A*B*C*D
User Manual Release 1.3
101
LinMot ®
Parameters
PROFIBUS Parameters
6.9 PROFIBUS Parameters
In this section the parameters of the PROFIBUS-DP servo controller are
explained.
Diagnosis Priority
With the Diagnosis Priority parameter the user decides the priority with
which the LinMot® servo controller request diagnosis from the PLC in the
event of an error.
PROFIBUS-DP\Diagnose Priority
Byte Order
Datamodules
None
No diagnose requested from the PLC.
Low
Diagnosis requested from PLC with low priority.
The cyclic program (OB1) of the PLC is interrupted by a low-priority OB.
High
Diagnosis requested from PLC with high priority.
The cyclic program (OB1) of the PLC is interrupted by a high priority OB.
The Byte Order Datamodules parameter determines the byte order with
which the data modules are to be evaluated and dispatched on the LinMot®
servo controller.
PROFIBUS-DP\Byte Order Datamodules
Reversed
Info
When this parameter is selected, the byte order
of the data modules is reversed. With Siemens
PLC control systems this parameter should be
selected.
The parameters in the Info directory are valid only when the servo controller
has been started.
PROFIBUS-DP\Info
102
Slave Node Address
Shows the PROFIBUS address of the LinMot®
servo controller.
Master Node Address
Shows the PROFIBUS address of the master.
Baudrate
Shows the identified baud rate. This parameter is
only valid if the servo controller is properly recognized by the DP master and is in the data
exchange mode.
Bus Cycle Time
Shows the PROFIBUS cycle time which the controller has actually measured.
User Manual Release 1.3
Parameters
PROFIBUS Parameters
Interface Card Type
LinMot ®
With the selector parameter Interface Card Type the type of interface card
can be selected.
Interface Card Type
User Manual Release 1.3
None
No interface card is attached or used.
DI01-08/08
A digital I/O module DI01-08/08 is attached, with
8 digital inputs and 8 digital outputs.
ME01-01/08
A master encoder module ME01-01/08 is
attached, which has one encoder link, 8 digital
inputs and 8 digital outputs.
ME01-02/08
A master encoder module ME01-02/08 is
attached, which has two encoder links, 8 digital
inputs and 8 digital outputs.
103
LinMot ®
Tips and Tricks for the controller
Introduction
7. Tips and Tricks for the controller
7.1 Introduction
This section enlarges upon tips and tricks for the new controller in textual
form, without going into the complicated theory. It cannot and does not intend
to impart theoretical knowledge for adjusting the controller. The interested
user who likes to wrestle with theory is advised to consult the relevant literature.
The following picture shows the structure of the controller. The words printed
with italic letters announce parameters which can be adjusted. Basically it is a
PID-Controller with Feed-Forward structures and an additional v/a-Limiter for
the prefiltering of the reference signal. As an option there is a profile generator
integrated.
Current Offset
Current
Offset
(Force Offset)
(Force Offset)
FF
FFFriction
Friction
(Feed Forward Friction)
(Feed Forward Friction)
FF
FFAcceleration
Acceleration
(Feed Forward Acceleration)
(Feed Forward Acceleration)
FF Deceleration
FF Deceleration
(Feed Forward Deceleration
(Feed Forward Deceleration
ReferencePosition
P
Filter
Maximal Current
(Maximal Force)
+
-
I
Motorcurrent
+
Curve
D
ActualPosition
Figure 7-1: Structure of the controller
The default setting of the controller parameters is suitable for operating the
motors under a lot of normal conditions. Specially if the load mass exceeds
that of the slider by factors, or when using motors with long sliders, the controller should be adapted to this duty. Adapting the control parameters is
advisable also if major friction forces occur or highly dynamic movements are
demanded from the motor.
It is important to follow exactly the following guide lines. Tuning without following proper rules is nearly impossible or needs a lot of time.
104
User Manual Release 1.3
Tips and Tricks for the controller
Selection between PD- or PID- Controller
LinMot ®
7.2 Selection between PD- or PID- Controller
PD-Controller
A PD controller is one working with only proportional and derivative action
(I=0). This type of controller is simple to adjust and has a very robust behaviour. Its disadvantage is that any static deviations present are not corrected
automatically
PID Controller
A PID controller works with proportional, integral and derivative control. This
kind of controller corrects automatically any static controller deviations by virtue of its I action. The disadvantage of this controller is that system oscillations
may occur. When adjusting the controller the values may be taken over from
the PD controller, and the I term increased slowly. The higher the I term is set,
the faster the controller will correct any position deviations occurring. An overlarge I term may lead to instabilities in the control behavior however. With high
load masses a small I term is advisable thereof
7.3 Adjusting of the prefilter (Filter)
The prefilter limits the max acceleration and velocity to the goal of the user.
Using the prefilter it is possible that a PC or PLC can send a rectangular position jump but the motor moves smoothly, limited by the max acceleration and
velocity. Basically the reference signal is not allowed to change ‘faster’ than
the motor can follow! The right set up of the prefilter is more important than the
optimal tuning of the controller!
Which max velocity and acceleration a motor can reach depends in a complex
way with the parameters of the application (mass, friction, profile, amplifier,
...). It is proposed that the user simulates the application with the program LinMot® Designer (see LinMot CD or www.linmot.com) to calculate the possible
max values. In the case of using profiles the prefilter is switched off. Max values for acceleration and velocity must be observed during the creation of the
profiles.
s
s
ReferencePosition
Filter
t
Figure 7-2: Reference signal before and after Filter
User Manual Release 1.3
105
LinMot ®
Tips and Tricks for the controller
Using profiles for reference position
7.4 Using profiles for reference position
Using a mode which is based on profiles it is important to realize the following
4 points:
a) the motor must be able to fulfill the profile based on the maximal possible
velocity and accelerations. The profile should not change faster than the
motor is able to follow. It is proposed that the user simulates the application
with the program LinMot® Designer (see LinMot CD or www.linmot.com) to
calculate the possible max values.
b) All profiles should be smoothed. No jump in position or velocity is allowed.
Use sine or hyperbolic functions while generating ramps which are offered by
the Curve Inspector of LinMot® Talk.
c) Accept the number of points which are proposed by the ‘‘Curve Inspectors’
of LinMot® Talk (use Release 1.3.9 or higher). If the movement sounds ‘raw
and hard’ reduce (!) the number of points!
d) If the profile will be produced by a third party program the following rules
should be used: every profile should consist at least of 16 points but the time
between the points should not be shorter than 1 ms (if there is a position step
of 20 mm in 14 ms the number of points should be 14). In any other cases the
distance between the points should be about 5 ms.
s
wrong
t
s
correct
t
Figure 7-3: Profiles must be ‘smoothed’
106
User Manual Release 1.3
Tips and Tricks for the controller
Adjustment of the Feed-Forward Param-
LinMot ®
7.5 Adjustment of the Feed-Forward Parameters
The term Feed Forward is used in control engineering to imply the anticipatory calculation of a control variable. This anticipation enables the controller
to respond much better to the problem faced. When the controller knows that
there is high friction in the system and knows the coefficient of friction, it can
provide in advance the current necessary for a desired forward motion in order
to overcome this friction. There is then much less discrepancy from the outset
between the actual and target positions.
The controller integrated in the LinMot® servo controller includes these three
anticipatory parameters with which the control behavior and hence the attainable dynamics can be improved
FF Friction
With the FF Friction parameter the sliding friction of the system can be compensated. Its value may be calculated as follows:
FF FrictionFeed forward friction [A]
FF Friction = FFR / cf
FFR
Sliding friction [N]
cf
Force constant motor [N/A]
where FFR is the sliding friction and cf is the force constant of the chosen
motor.
Tip:
FFR can be measured with a spring scale (disconnect motor) and the value for
the force constant cf can be read from the data sheets. In applications with
long strokes it is also possible to measure the current during the constant
movement with the scope. This measured motor current is exactly the value of
FF Friction.
FF Acceleration
The parameter FF Acceleration helps the controller when accelerating by
providing in anticipation a current proportional to the acceleration demanded.
This parameter should be used wherever very fast and dynamic movements
are needed, or where big load masses are connected. The value of this
parameter can be calculated as follows:
FF Acc. Feed forward [ mA / ( m / s2 )]
FF Acceleration = (m / cf )
m
Moved mass [g]
cf
Motor force constant [N/A]
where m is the moved mass (load mass + slider or stator mass) and cf is the
force constant of the chosen motor. The value for the force constant cf can be
read from the data sheets.
FF Deceleration
This parameter is the counterpart to FF Acceleration and is used for anticipatory control of the current while the motor is being braked. The value of this
parameter can be calculated as follows:
FF Dec.Feed forward [ mA / ( m / s2 )]
FF Deceleration = (m / cf )
User Manual Release 1.3
m
Moved mass [g]
cf
Motor force constant [N/A]
107
LinMot ®
Tips and Tricks for the controller
Adjusting of the Current Offset
where m is the moved mass1 (load mass + slider or stator mass) and cf is the
force constant of the chosen motor. The value for the force constant cf can be
read from the data sheets.
7.6 Adjusting of the Current Offset
Current offset with horizontal moves
For applications with horizontal moves the circumstances for the forward and
backward movement are identical and the parameter Current Offset should
be zero.
Current offset with vertical moves
In applications with vertical moves the weight of the load mass leads to an
asymmetrical controller behavior for the up and down moves. With the parameter Current Offset in the directory \Drives\Drive X\Control Parameters this
asymmetry may be compensated. The value may be computed as follows:
Current offset= ( m * g ) / cf
m
Load mass [ kg ]
g
Gravitation 9.81 m/s2
cf
Motor force constant [N/A]
The mass m is the moved mass (load mass + slider or stator mass). The force
constant cf can be read from the data sheets. The sign of the parameter Current Offset depends on the direction of the mounting. If the cable exit is in
direction to the floor then the sign is positive otherwise its negative.
108
User Manual Release 1.3
Tips and Tricks for the controller
LinMot ®
The Tuning Tool
7.7 The Tuning Tool
The Tuning Tool was introduced in the software Release 1.3.10. It helps the
user to calculate and set the Feed Forward Parameters and the Current Offset without need of reading the motor data sheet. The Tuning Tool is started
by clicking the button “Show Tuning Tool” in the Parameter Inspector (see Figure below).
Show Tuning Tool
Figure 7-4: Parameter Inspector
Example: Using the Tuning Tool
A linear motor P01-37x240/60x260 in vertically mounted (positive direction
opposite to the gravity force) and moves a load mass of 1.2 kg attached to the
slider. The linear motor has a force constant cf of 40.8 N/A and the slider mass
is 829 g. This sums up to a moved mass of 2029 g.
Figure 7-5: The Tuning Tool
User Manual Release 1.3
109
LinMot ®
Tips and Tricks for the controller
The Tuning Tool
Motor data
In the “Motor Type” pop-up menu select your motor type. If you have a special
motor “F” (Fast type) or “S” (Short type) you can specify this in the pop-up
menu on the right side of the motor type field. The slider length, slider mass,
stator mass and force constant will be displayed.
Note:
If your motor is not in the motor type list then select the type “Other ...” and set
the Force Constant, the Slider Mass and the Stator Mass in the appropriate
fields (in this case you have to look up these values from the data sheet).
Figure 7-6: Choose the motor type
Application data
Set the load mass in the “Load Mass” field and select in the “Add” pop-up
menu the moving part of the motor. The mass of the moving motor part will be
added to the load mass. The total mass will be displayed in the “Total Mass”
field. Set the dry friction in the “Dry Friction” field. If any external constant
force exists (like MagSpring) set its value in the field “External Force”. The
sign of this force is positive if it is in the same direction as the positive position
direction of LinMot otherwise it is negative (see Figure 7-8, “Positive direction
of LinMot motor”). Set the direction of the movement by clicking on the appropriate button. (see Figure 7-7, “Set application data”).
Note:
If there are more motors working in parallel in the master/booster or gantry
mode, add the load mass and the mass of the moving part of all motors
together and then divide this value by the number of motors. Set the resulting
value in the “Load Mass” field and select “None” in the “Add” pop-up menu.
With this method you can calculate and set the FF Parameter and the Current
Offset for the master motor and all motors used for gantry!
Figure 7-7: Set application data
110
User Manual Release 1.3
Tips and Tricks for the controller
LinMot ®
The Tuning Tool
Load Mass
Figure 7-8: Positive direction of LinMot motor
Resulting control parameters values
The calculated values for the Feed Forward Parameters and the Current Offset will shown in the “Control Parameters” group (see Figure 7-9, “Resulting
control parameters”). To take these values for the motor select the drive in the
pop-up menu and press the button “Apply to”. If you are connected with a Controller these values will be written into it and they take immediately effect (live
parameters).
Figure 7-9: Resulting control parameters
Tip:
If the mass of an application is not known, the following method can be used:
Stop the motor on a certain position. Reading out the needed motor current
using the scope or reducing the max current down to the point where the
motor can not longer hold the position.
User Manual Release 1.3
111
LinMot ®
Tips and Tricks for the controller
Configuration of the max Current
7.8 Configuration of the max Current
The maximal current may be set with the parameter Maximal Current in the
directory \Drives\Drive X\Control Parameters. The following values should
be used
Series E100
Motor type
Series E1000 / E1001
24 V
Supply
48 V
Supply
48 V
Supply
72 V
Supply
P01-23x80/…
2.0 A
3.0 A
3.0 A
3.0 A
P01-23x160/…
1.0 A
2.0 A
2.0 A
2.8 A
P01-37x120/…
—
3.0 A
6.0 A
6.0 A
P01-37x240/…
—
3.0 A
3.3A
5.0 A
If smaller values are used the peak force according to the data sheets is
reduced. Bigger values lead to unstable operation. Note that the current range
of the E100 Servo Controller Series has to be switched
(\Drives\Drive X\Control Switches) as well to adjust the max current.
112
User Manual Release 1.3
Tips and Tricks for the controller
Basic set up parameters for the Controller
LinMot ®
7.9 Basic set up parameters for the Controller
The following settings can be used for general applications. Note that the current range of the E100 Servo Controller Series has to be switched (
\Drives\Drive X\Control Switches) as well to adjust the max current.
PS01 23x80
PS0123x160
PS0137x120
PS0137x240
Max Current
2.99 A
2A
2.99 A
2.99 A
Current Offset
0A
0A
0A
0A
P
1 A/mm
1 A/mm
1 A/mm
1 A/mm
D
4 A/(m/s)
4 A/(m/s)
4 A/(m/s)
4 A/(m/s)
I
0 A/(mm*s)
0 A/(mm*s)
0 A/(mm*s)
0 A/(mm*s)
FF Friction
0A
0A
0A
0A
FF Acceleration
0 mA/(m/s2)
0 mA/(m/s2)
0 mA/(m/s2)
0 mA/(m/s2)
FF Deceleration
0 mA/(m/s2)
0 mA/(m/s2)
0 mA/(m/s2)
0 mA/(m/s2)
Filter max Speed
0.781 m/s
0.781 m/s
0.781 m/s
0.781 m/s
Filter max Accel.
2
30.5 m/s
30.5 m/s
2
2
30.5 m/s
30.5 m/s2
Control Switches
3A
3A
3A
3A
Figure 7-10: Basic set up for E100 Controller with 48V supply
PS01 23x80
PS0123x160
PS0137x120
PS0137x240
Max Current
4A
2.8 A
6A
5A
Current Offset
0A
0A
0A
0A
P
1 A/mm
1 A/mm
1 A/mm
1 A/mm
D
4 A/(m/s)
4 A/(m/s)
4 A/(m/s)
4 A/(m/s)
I
0 A/(mm*s)
0 A/(mm*s)
0 A/(mm*s)
0 A/(mm*s)
FF Friction
0A
0A
0A
0A
FF Acceleration
0 mA/(m/s2)
0 mA/(m/s2)
0 mA/(m/s2)
0 mA/(m/s2)
FF Deceleration
0 mA/(m/s2)
0 mA/(m/s2)
0 mA/(m/s2)
0 mA/(m/s2)
Filter max Speed
0.781m/s
0.781m/s
0.781m/s
0.781m/s
Filter max Accel.
2
2
2
30.5 m/s2
30.5 m/s
30.5 m/s
30.5 m/s
Figure 7-11: Basic set up for E1000 / E1001 Controller with 72V supply
User Manual Release 1.3
113
LinMot ®
Tips and Tricks for the controller
Tuning of the controller
7.10 Tuning of the controller
There are many very different ways of adjusting a PID controller. The following
method has acquitted itself in practice:
1 Set phase current parameters according to chapter “Configuration of the
max Current” on page 112
2 Set the filter parameters according to chapter “Adjusting of the prefilter
(Filter)” on page 105 or create a profile according to chapter “Using profiles for reference position” on page 106
3 Set feed forward parameters according to chapter “Adjustment of the
Feed-Forward Parameters” on page 107
4 After these two steps the following parameters in the list \Drives\Drive
X\Control Parameters have to be set:
P = 0.25 A/mm
D = 2.00 A/(m/s)
I = 0.00 A/(ms)
5 Now the desired motion profile can be loaded. Then the motor has to be
started in the Continuous Curve mode.
6 Now increase the parameter D by 1.0 until the motor begins to oscillate.
Then reduce the D value to 60%.
7 Now increase the parameter P by 0.25 until the motor begins to oscillate.
Then reduce the P value to 80%.
8 The parameter I should only be set if the steady state position difference
between the actual and demand position in standstill is to big.
To set the parameter I increase the value by 5.0 until the steady state position difference is minimized and at the same time there is no overshoot
when accelerating or decelerating.
7.11 Checking results
Correct adjustment of the controller is best verified with the oscilloscope integrated in the LinMot® talk software. Of prime importance is the comparison
between the actual position and the target (demand) position.
In addition it is a good idea to check the required motor current with the
scope. If the motor current stays in its limitation for to long it is a signal that the
motor is overloaded and therefore proper tuning is not possible.
114
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Introduction
8. LinMot® ASCII protocol
8.1 Introduction
The LinMot® ASCII protocol offers the user the possibility of transmitting commands to the LinMot® servo controller with a simple ASCII protocol via an
RS232 or RS485 interface. This enables a LinMot® servo controller to be integrated seamlessly in systems operated with the help of these standard interfaces.
The illustrations below show typical system environments in which LinMot®
servo controllers are operated via an ASCII protocol.l
PLC
LinMot
®
RS232
Figure 8-1: LinMot® servo controller with RS232
LinMot ®
PLC
RS485
Figure 8-2: Several LinMot® servo controllers networked with RS485
User Manual Release 1.3
115
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Setup and installation
8.2 Setup and installation
This section covers the setup and installation of a LinMot® servo controller for
operation with the ASCII protocol.
Configuration
To control a LinMot® servo controller via the ASCII protocol, it must be configured appropriately. Configuration is performed with the help of the Parameter
Inspector of the LinMot® talk software. When doing the setup, all parameters
that cannot be altered with the help of the ASCII protocol have to be set:
• Command Interface
• Motor Type
• Run Mode
• Initialization Mode
• Error Handling
Provided these parameters are adjusted properly for the particular application
and the servo controller is correctly linked with the PC or PLC, the LinMot®
servo controller may be operated via the ASCII protocol.
Command Interface
This parameter is located in the Parameter Inspector under the path
\System\Command Interface. It must be set either to ASCII RS232 or
ASCII RS485.
Motor Type
With these parameters each motor type can be specified. They are located
under the path \Drives\Drive X\Type. The X stands for one of the maximum
of 4 motors A to D.
Initialization Mode
The initialization mode of the motors is set by the parameters in the directory:
\Drives\Drive X\Initialization.
RS232 operation
All LinMot® servo controllers are configured ex works for operation with the
RS232 interface. The allocation of the interface is described in the user handbook. The interface is operated as follows:
Parameter
Value
Baud Rate
9’600
Start Bits
1
Data Bits
8
Stop Bits
1
Parity
No
If operating over RS232 the controller is always addressed with the bus ID = 1
independent from the position of the switches ID0 and ID1.
116
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Setup and installation
RS485 operation
For the operation over the RS485 link it is recommended to use the newer
controller versions, where the code switches ID0 and ID1 are placed on the
bottom side and not on the back side. The advantage is that the controllers
have not to be opened for changing the jumpers.
If it is not avoidable to use a controller with the ID switches on the back side it
is advisory to contact the LinMot® support ([email protected]).
The RS485 link is configured as follows:
Parameter
Value
Baud Rate
9’600
Start Bits
1
Data Bits
8
Stop Bits
1
Parity
ID
No
The ID of the servo controller can be adjusted by means of the rotary switch
on the bottom. When using the ASCII protocol via RS485 the ID numbers 1 to
6 are admissible for ID0 (ID LOW on version 3 controllers). ID1 (ID HIGH)
must always be set to 0. Thus up to 6 servo controllers may be networked with
RS485. The illustration below shows the servo controller from the bottom.
ID1=0
ID0=1..6
Figure 8-3: Adjusting the servo controller ID in RS485 mode
User Manual Release 1.3
117
LinMot ®
’Fail-save biasing’
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Setup and installation
With so-called fail-safe biasing, by using resistors an assured level is guaranteed on the bus even if no driver is active. This is necessary for proper functioning. The circuitry of the resistors may be seen from the diagram below.
PC / PLC
VCC
RS485 Interface
750 Ohm
RX+
RX750 Ohm
GND
750 Ohm
TXTX+
750 Ohm
VCC
TX+
TX-
GND RX- RX+
TX+
TX-
GND RX- RX+
RS485 Interface
RS485 Interface
LinMot E Slave 1
LinMot E Slave 2
Figure 8-4: Half duplex cabling with RS485
PC / PLC
RS485 Interface
VCC
750 Ohm
A (+)
B (-)
750 Ohm
GND
TX+
TX-
GND
TX+
TX-
GND
RS485 Interface
RS485 Interface
LinMot E Slave 1
LinMot E Slave 2
Figure 8-5: Half duplex cabling with RS485
118
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
Setup and installation
LinMot ®
Starting up
The following steps show how a servo controller is started up in conjunction
with the ASCII protocol:
1 Configure the servo controller in accordance to the user manual chapter
5.1.2 (RS232) or chapter 5.1.3 (RS485). It is import to set the ID of the
servo controller. The new ID is recognized only when the servo controller is
powered up or started from the LinMot® Talk.
2 Start LinMot® Talk and parameterize servo controller in accordance to the
user manual chapter 5.1.1.
3 Quit LinMot® Talk.
4 4. Start using the ASCII protocol (e.g. with the Hyperterminal program of
the windows platforms.
Warning
User Manual Release 1.3
You may not use the backspace or delete keys while using a terminal program
to send commands to the servo controller!
119
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Commands overview
8.3 Commands overview
!IP
—
✘
✘
Increment demand position on next trigger
!TI
—
✘
✘
Set demand position on next trigger
!TP
—
✘
✘
✘
Goto position from actual postion
!SW
—
✘
✘
✘
Goto position from actual postion on next trigger
!TW
—
✘
✘
✘
Run curve
!RC
—
✘
✘
✘
Run curve on next trigger
!TC
—
✘
✘
✘
Run curve cyclic
!CC
—
✘
✘
✘
Run curve cyclic on next trigger
!CT
—
✘
✘
✘
Run curve profile at actual position
!RA
—
✘
✘
✘
Run curve on next trigger at actual position
!TA
—
✘
✘
✘
Run curve cyclic at actual position
!CA
—
✘
✘
✘
Run curve cyclic on trigger at actual position
!CB
—
✘
✘
✘
Stop cyclic motion profile
!CS
—
✘
✘
✘
Move home position
!MH
—
✘
✘
Redefine position
!RP
—
✘
✘
Set demand position to actual position
!RQ
—
✘
✘
Redefine position to zero
!ZD
—
✘
✘
Set Address Segment Offset
!AO
—
✘
Set Address Segment Number
!AS
—
✘
Write Memory Word
!WR
—
✘
Write Memory Word with address increment
!WS
—
✘
Demand position
!SP
!GD
✘
FF Acceleration
!DA
!EA
✘
FF Deceleration
!DB
!EB
✘
FF Friction
!DF
!EF
✘
✘
P value of controller
!DP
!EP
✘
D value of controller
!DD
!ED
✘
I value of controller
!DI
!EI
✘
Maximal speed
!SV
!GV
✘
✘
Maximal acceleration
!SA
!GA
✘
✘
Maximal current
!SC
!GC
✘
✘
✘
Current offset
!DK
!EK
✘
Motion profile amplitude
!DC
!EC
✘
✘
✘
Motion profile offset
!DO
!EO
✘
✘
✘
Motion profile speed
!DS
!ES
✘
✘
✘
!SF
!GX
✘
✘
✘
!SI / !SR /
!SS
!GX
FREEZE flag
INIT flag / RUN flag / STOP flag
120
✘
System
Increment demand position
Magnet
Get
Comand
Stepper
Set Commands
Value
Get/Set Commands
Set
Command
LinMot
ASCII Commands
✘
✘
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Command structure
Get Commands
ASCII Commands
Actual current
—
!AC
✘
Actual position
—
!GP
✘
✘
✘
Position resolution
—
!PI
✘
✘
✘
Speed resolution
—
!VI
✘
✘
Acceleration resolution
—
!AI
✘
✘
Current resolution
—
!CI
✘
State
—
!GS
✘
Global error status
—
!GE
✘
Global warn status
—
!GW
✘
Motor error status
—
!EE
✘
✘
✘
Motor warn status
—
!EW
✘
✘
✘
State flags
—
!EX
✘
Protocol version
—
!PV
✘
Read Memory Word
—
!RD
✘
Read Memory Word with address increment
—
!RE
✘
8.4 Command structure
All ASCII commands are structured to the following pattern:
Command structure
Byte
Value
Meaning
0
‘!’
Command head
1…2
char, char
Command
3…x
[char], …
Arguments
x+1
‘↵’ (0x0D)
End of command
ASCII Character 0x0D (= 13 decimal)
Carriage Return
Every command begins with an exclamation mark, followed by two characters
coding the command, then the command arguments and finally a carriage
return symbol.
Every command received on the LinMot® servo controller is acknowledged. A
further command may be sent only if the last one has been acknowledged by
the servo controller.
The command acknowledgement is structured as follows:
Acknowledge structure
User Manual Release 1.3
Byte
Value
Meaning
0
‘#’
Acknowledge head
1…x
char, …
Acknowledge message
x+1
‘↵’ (0x0D)
End of acknowledge
121
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Command structure
The following example shows how a new demand position for motor A is given
to the connected servo controller.
Example
Hint
Direction
ASCII
sequence
Description
PC -> LinMot® controller
‘!SP2000A’ +
0x0D
Sets the demand position
of motor A to 2000 increments.
LinMot® controller -> PC
‘#’ + 0x0D
When the ‘#’-symbol followed by a ‘↵’-symbol
(0x0D) is transmitted, this
means the command has
been accepted by the LinMot® servo controller.
Over RS232 it is possible to run the ASCII and the LinMot-Talk protocol
together. In this case it is important to finish all the commands and their
answers completely before starting a command from the other protocol.
If the LinMot-Talk communication results in the “Device Time Out” error, it is
most likely that the ASCII command was not finished correctly. In this case
only a carriage returns (0x0D) has to be sent with a terminal program.
122
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Commands
8.5 Commands
The table below provides an overview of the variable types employed in the
following sections. The variable types may be subscripted and indicated in
square brackets after the variable. Thus for example pos[sint16] stands for a
variable named pos of type sint16. As may be seen from the table below, the
variable type sint16 stands for a signed cardinal value. Values in square brackets are optional. The '|' symbol stands for 'or'. In the
Argument types
Argument types
User Manual Release 1.3
Argument type
Description
uint16
Cardinal value ranging 0 … 216-1. The value must be
represented decimally ASCII-System. The plus sign is
optional with positive values.
Example: 0, 123, 3300, +200, 500
sint16
Signed cardinal value -215 … 215-1. The value must be
represented decimally in the ASCII system. The plus
sign is optional with positive values.
Example: 0, 123, -2000, -200, +240
uint32
Cardinal value ranging 0 … 232-1. The value must be
represented decimally in the ASCII system.
Example: 0, 123, 200000, 3000000, +240
ackcode
Acknowledge code sent back from the servo controller
after every action or set command received. The individual codes are explained in chapter “Reference table: status and error messages” on page 150.
drivecode
Motor designator. Motor designators are ASCII capitals.
If the protocol is set to RS232, only the motor designators ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’ and ‘D’ are allowed. Otherwise if the corresponding servo controller and motor exist, any
designator may be used (‘A’…’X’). All designators are
given in chapter “Reference table: motor designator” on
page 152.
Example:
A … D => Drive A, B, C, D (controller with ID = 1)
E … H => Drive A, B, C, D (controller with ID = 2)
…
U … X => Drive A, B, C, D (controller with ID = 6)
elocode
Servo controller designator. Servo controller designators
are ASCII digits. If the protocol is set to RS232, only the
digit ‘1’ is allowed. Otherwise digits ‘1’ to ‘6’ may be used
provided the corresponding servo controller exist.
statecode
Status code sent back from the servo controller after a
GS command. The individual codes are explained in
chapter “Reference table: status and error messages” on
page 150.
123
LinMot ®
Command description
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Commands
All commands in this chapter have been organized in alphabetic order. The
following example shows how a description looks like.
ASCII COMMANDS All commands are shown and described in these tables. One
table describes one ASCII command.
A
SP
Set demand position
B
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!SP’ + pos[sint16]+
drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
C
D
A The heading row shows the command and a short command description
C These icons specify on which
motortypes the command works. Look
also table 8-1, “Icon description”.
B Shows the direction of the communication.
D Shows the ASCII sequence.
The following table shows the meaning of the icons in the heading row of the
command description.
Icon
Description
The command works for controllers
The command works for linear motors
The commands works for stepper motors
The command works for magnet / solenoids
Tabelle 8-1: Icon description
124
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Commands
AC
AC
Get demand current
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!AC’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + curr[sint16] + 0x0D
This command queries the demand current set by the controller for the
selected drive. The resolution of the current can be queried with the CI command.
Value
Min
Max
curr[sint16]
-256
256
AI
AI
Get acceleration resolution
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!AI’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + accres[uint32] + 0x0D
This command queries the acceleration resolution. The values are given back
in various units depending on the motor type selected:
Motor type
Unit
LinMot®
1µm/s2
Stepper motor
2-10 Steps/s2
Typical sequence:
User Manual Release 1.3
PC → ELO
ELO → PC
Description
!AIB↵
#238419↵
Queries actual acceleration resolution of
motor B. The value given back corresponds
to 0.238m/s2, because motor B was configured as LinMot® in this case.
125
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Commands
AO
AO
Set address segment offset
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!AO’ + segoffset[uint16]+ drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the address segment offset for the read and write memory commands. The complete address is 24 bits wide and consists of the segment number (highest 8 bits) and the segment offset (lowest 16 bits). The
address segment offset must be an even number. The drive indicator is used
as a controller selector (any configured drive on the controller is possible).
Value
Min
Max
segoffset[uint16]
0
65534
AS
AS
Set address segment number
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!AS’ + seg[uint8]+ drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the address segment number for the read and write memory commands. The complete address is 24 bits wide and consists of the segment number (highest 8 bits) and the segment offset (lowest 16 bits). The
drive indicator is used as a controller selector (any configured drive on the
controller is possible).
Value
Min
Max
seg[uint8]
0
255
CA
CA
Run curve cyclic at actual position
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!CA’ + curve[uint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command runs a curve cyclic from the actual wanted position. This
means that as soon as the motion profile is done it will be run again. With the
help of the CS command the motion profile can be stopped. As long as the
motion profile is running no other motion commands may be executed on the
motor. This command must only be executed in the RUN state.
Note: This command will change the Curve Position Offset parameter.
126
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Commands
CB
CB
Run curve cyclic on next trigger at actual position
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!CB’ + curve[uint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command starts with the next positive edge of the trigger signal a motion
profile cyclical from the actual wanted position. After the first start the motion
profile will be run cyclic without need for a fresh trigger signal. With the help of
the CS command the motion profile can be stopped. As long as the motion
profile is running no other motion commands may be executed on the motor.
This command must only be executed in the RUN state.
Note: This command will change the Curve Position Offset parameter.
CC
CC
Run curve cyclic
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!CC’ + curve[uint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command runs a curve cyclic. This means that as soon as the motion
profile is done it will be run again. With the help of the CS command the
motion profile can be stopped. As long as the motion profile is running no
other motion commands may be executed on the motor. This command must
only be executed in the RUN state.
CI
CI
Get current resolution
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!CI’ + elo[elocode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + currres[uint32] + 0x0D
This command queries the current resolution of the selected servo controller.
The values are given back in µA.
Typical sequence:
User Manual Release 1.3
PC → ELO
ELO → PC
Description
!CI1↵
#23438↵
Queries current resolution of servo controller
with ID 1. The value given back corresponds
to 23.438 mA.
127
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Commands
CS
CS
Stop cyclic motion profile
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!CS’ + stop[drivesel] + anydrive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command terminates the execution of one or more cyclic motion profiles.
The motion profile run to their end after reception of this command and will
not be started again. The variable drivesel specifies which motors should be
halted:
Bit
Name
3
2
1
0
Motor D
Motor C
Motor B
Motor A
With the variable anydrive the controller, which has to execute this command,
is selected. Because of syntactic reasons, therefore must be indicated a configured motor of this controller.
Example sequence:
PC → ELO
ELO → PC
Description
!CS3Α↵
#↵
Stops the execution of the cyclic motion profiles for the motors A and B.
CT
CT
Run motion profile cyclic on next trigger
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!CT’ + curve[uint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command starts with the next positive edge of the trigger signal a motion
profile cyclical. After the first start the motion profile will be run cyclic without
need for a fresh trigger signal. With the help of the CS command the motion
profile can be stopped. As long as the motion profile is running no other
motion commands may be executed on the motor. This command must only
be executed in the RUN state.
DA
DA
Set FF Acceleration value of controller
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!DA’ + ffacc[uint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the FF Acceleration value of the motor drive to value
ffacc. The unit is 0.1 mA/(m/s2).
128
Value
Min
Max
ffacc[uint16]
0
32640
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Commands
DB
DB
Set FF Deceleration value of controller
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!DB’ + ffdec[uint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets FF Deceleration value of the motor drive to ffdec. The
unit is 0.1 mA/(m/s2).
Value
Min
Max
ffdec[uint16]
0
32640
DC
DC
Set motion profile amplitude
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!DC’ + camp[uint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command set the motion profile amplitude of the chosen motor. The maximum value (4096) is equal to the scale factor 100%. With this value the amplitude of the motion profile is as big as it was defined in the Curve Inspector.
Warning: The motor will jump if this command is used while a curve is running.
Value
Min
Max
camp[uint16]
0
4096
DD
DD
Set D value of controller
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!DD’ + d[uint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the D value of the motor drive to the value dec. The unit is
0.01 5 A/(m/s).
User Manual Release 1.3
Value
Min
Max
d[uint16]
0
32640
129
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Commands
DF
DF
Set FF Friction value of controller
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!DF’ + fffri[uint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the FF Friction value of the motor drive to the value fffri.
The unit is 0.0234 A.
Value
Min
Max
fffri[uint16]
0
255
DI
DI
Set I value of controller
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!DI’ + i[uint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the I value of the motor drive to the value i. The unit is
0.0457 A/(mm*s).
Value
Min
Max
i[uint16]
0
32640
DK
DK
Set current offset
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!DK’ + curroff[uint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This commands sets the current offset of the motor drive to the value curroff.
The current resolution may be queried with the CI command. Adjusting the
current offset is reasonable if the motor is mounted vertically and is loaded
with changing load masses.
Value
Min
Max
curroff[uint16]
-256
256
DO
DO
Set motion profile offset
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!DO’ + coff[sint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the motion profile offset of the selected drive. The position resolution may be queried with the PI command.
130
Value
Min
Max
coff[sint16]
-32256
+32256
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Commands
DP
DP
Set P value of controller
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!DP’ + p[uint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the P value of the motor drive to p. The unit is
0.00234 A/mm.
Value
Min
Max
p[uint16]
0
32640
DS
DS
Set motion profile speed
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!DS’ + vel[uint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the speed of motion profiles. When the maximum value is
set the motion profile is run as fast as it has been designed. With lower values
the speed drops linearly. The speed may be altered any time.
Value
Min
Max
vel[uint16]
0
4096
EA
EA
Get FF Acceleration value of controller
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!EA’+ drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ffacc[uint16] + 0x0D
This command gives the FF Acceleration value of the motor drive. The unit is
0.1 mA/(m/s2).
Value
Min
Max
ffacc[uint16]
0
32640
EB
EB
Get FF Deceleration value of controller
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!EB’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ffdec[uint16] + 0x0D
This command gives the FF Deceleration value of the motor drive. The unit is
0.1 mA/(m/s2).
User Manual Release 1.3
Value
Min
Max
ffdec[uint16]
0
32640
131
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Commands
EC
EC
Get motion profile amplitude
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!EC’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + camp[uint16] + 0x0D
This command gets the motion profile amplitude of the selected motor. The
maximum value (4096) is equal to 100%.
Value
Min
Max
camp[uint16]
0
4096
ED
ED
Get D value of controller
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!ED’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + d[uint16] + 0x0D
This command gives back the D value of the motor drive. The unit is
0.01 5 A/(m/s)
Value
Min
Max
d[uint16]
0
32640
EE
EE
Get motor error status
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!EE’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + state[statecode] + 0x0D
0
motor hot calculated
3
slider missing
1
4
reserved
motor hot sensor
5
init failed
2
6
wrong motortype
following error
7
Bit
no / incompatible
motion profile
This command gets the actual motor error status of the selected motor. The
bits have the following meaning:
Name
132
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Commands
EF
EF
Get FF Friction value of controller
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!EF’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + fffri[uint16] + 0x0D
This command gives back the FF Friction value of the motor drive. The current resolution may be queried with the CI command.
Value
Min
Max
fffri[uint16]
0
255
EI
EI
Get I value of controller
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!EI’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + i[uint16] + 0x0D
This command gives back the I value of the motor drive. The unit is
0.0457 A/(mm*s).
Value
Min
Max
i[uint16]
0
32640
EK
EK
Get current offset
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!EK’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + curroff[uint16] + 0x0D
This command queries the current offset of the motor drive. The resolution of
the current may be queried with the CI command.
Value
Min
Max
curroff[uint16]
-256
256
EO
EO
Get motion profile offset
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!EO’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + coff[sint16] + 0x0D
This command gets the motion profile offset of the selected motor. The position resolution may be queried with the PI command.
User Manual Release 1.3
Value
Min
Max
coff[sint16]
-32256
+32256
133
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Commands
EP
EP
Get P value of controller
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!EP’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + p[uint16] + 0x0D
This command gives back the P value of the motor drive. The unit is
0.00234 A/mm.
Value
Min
Max
p[uint16]
0
32640
ES
ES
Get motion profile speed
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!ES’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + vel[uint16] + 0x0D
This command gives back the speed of the motion profiles. If the maximum
value is set the motion profile is run as fast as it has been designed. With
lower values the speed drops linearly.
Value
Min
Max
vel[uint16]
0
4096
EW
EW
Get motor warn status
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!EW’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + state[statecode] + 0x0D
134
Bit
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Name
motor not in defined
position range
reserved
initialization not
yet done
reserved
reserved
slider missing
following error
motor hot sensor
motor hot calculated
This command gets the actual motor warn status of the selected motor. The
bits have the following meaning:
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Commands
EX
EX
Get state flags
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!EX’ + elo[elocode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + state[statecode] + 0x0D
Bit
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Name
EMERG STOP substate flag
INIT state
DISABLE state
ERROR state
RUN state
INIT NOT DONE flag
WARN flag
ERROR flag
In Position Drive D
In Position Drive C
In Position Drive B
In Position Drive A
This command gets the state flags of the selected servo controller. The bits
have the following meaning:
Typical sequence:
PC → ELO
ELO → PC
Description
!EX1↵
#129↵
The read value shows that the servo controller is in the state RUN and the motor A is in
position.
GA
GA
Get maximum acceleration
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!GA’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + acc[uint16] + 0x0D
This command gives back the maximum acceleration of the drive motor. The
resolution of the acceleration may be queried with the AI command.
User Manual Release 1.3
Value
Min
Max
acc[uint16]
1
1536
135
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Commands
GC
GC
Get maximum current (force)
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!GC’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + curr[uint16] + 0x0D
This command gives the maximum current of the motor drive. The resolution
may be queried with the CI command.
Value
Min
Max
curr[uint16]
0
256
GD
GD
Get demand position
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!GD’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + pos[sint16] + 0x0D
This command gives back the target (demand) position of the motor drive.
This command may not be used when a motion profile is run. The resolution
of the position may be queried with the command PI.
Value
Min
Max
pos[sint16]
-32256
32256
GE
GE
Get global error status
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!GE’ + elo[elocode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + state[statecode] + 0x0D
0
reserved
3
DCLV signal2 too low
1
4
DCLV signal2 too high
DCLV power3 too low
5
controller fault1
2
6
reserved
Name
DCLV power3 too high
7
Bit
reserved
This command gets the actual global error status of the selected motor. The
bits have the following meaning:
1) The heat sink of the servo controller is too hot (over 70º celsius) or a short circuit on
a motor phase has been detected.
2) DCLV signal stands for the DC link voltage of the signal board.
3) DCLV Power stands for the DC link voltage of the power board.
136
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Commands
GP
GP
Get actual position
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!GP’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + pos[sint16] + 0x0D
This command queries the actual position the motor drive. The resolution of
the position may be queried with the command PI.
Typical sequence:
PC → ELO
ELO → PC
Description
!GPA↵
#256↵
Queries the actual position of motor A.
GS
GS
Get actual state
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!GS’ + elo[elocode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + state[statecode] + 0x0D
This command gives the actual state of the servo controller. The state consists
of one letter which encodes the state, and a number. The number is transmitted only in the error state and encodes the actual error. The status coding is
explained in chapter “Reference table: status and error messages” on page
150.
Typical sequence:
PC → ELO
ELO → PC
Description
!GS1↵
#R↵
Queries the actual state. The ‘R’ denotes that
the servo controller is in the RUN state.
GV
GV
Get maximum speed
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!GV’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + vel[uint16] + 0x0D
This command gives back the maximum speed of the motor drive. The resolution of the speed may be queried with the command VI.
User Manual Release 1.3
Value
Min
Max
vel[uint16]
6
24576
137
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Commands
GW
GW
Get global warn status
Direction
ASCII-Sequence
PC → ELO
‘!GW’ + elo[elocode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + state[statecode] + 0x0D
2
1
0
DCLV power3
high
DCLV power
low
reserved
3
DCLV signal
low
4
controller
warning1
reserved
reserved
Name
DCLV signal2
high
5
7
Bit
6
This command gets the global warn status of the selected servo controller.
The bits have the following meaning:
1) The heat sink of the servo controller is too hot (over 70º celsius) or a short circuit on
a motor phase has been detected. After 5 seconds the controller goes into the ERROR
state.
2) DCLV Signal stands for the DC link voltage of the signal board.
3) DCLV Power stands for the DC link voltage of the power board.
GX
GX
Get flags
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!GX’ + elo[elocode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + flags[flagcode] + 0x0D
2
1
0
FREEZE Flag Drive B
FREEZE Flag Drive A
4
STOP Flag
FREEZE Flag Drive C
5
FREEZE Flag (global)
3
6
INIT Flag
Name
FREEZE Flag Drive D
7
Bit
RUN Flag
This command gets all flags of the selected servo controller. The bits have the
following meaning:
Typical sequence:
138
PC → ELO
ELO → PC
Description
!GX1↵
#134↵
The read value shows that the RUN flag and
the FREEZE flags for the motors B and C
are set.
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Commands
IP
IP
Increment demand position (relative positioning)
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!IP’ + posinc[sint16]+ drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command increments the target (demand) position of the motor drive by
the amount posinc. This command must only be executed in the RUN state.
The resolution of the position may be queried with the command PI. The increment position must be in the range of -32256 to 32256.
Typical sequence:
PC → ELO
ELO → PC
Description
!IP100A↵
#↵
Increments the target position by 100 units.
MH
MH
Move home position
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!MH’ + posinc[sint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command moves the home position of the motor by the amount posinc. It
has purpose only in few cases and should be used with caution. This command must only be executed in the RUN state. Important: The minimum and
maximum positions are not displaced as well!
PI
PI
Get position resolution
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!PI’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + posinc[uint32] + 0x0D
This command queries the actual position resolution. The values are given in
different units depending on the motor type selected:
Motor type
Unit
LinMot®
1 pm (10-12m)
Stepper motor
1/256 Step
Solenoid
1 µA
Typical sequence:
User Manual Release 1.3
PC → ELO
ELO → PC
Description
!PIA↵
#19531250
↵
The return value ‘19531250’ means the position resolution is 19.531250µm (if ‘LinMot’ is
selected as motor type for motor A). The
command !IP1000A’ will therefore move
motor ‘A’ by 1000 * 19.53µm.
139
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Commands
PV
PV
Get protocol version
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!PV’ + elo[elocode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + version[uint16] + 0x0D
This command queries the actual version number of the protocol. All implemented commands in Release 1.3 correspond to protocol version 2. The commands in the protocol version 2 are a super set of the commands in protocol
version 1 (Release 1.2).
Typical sequence:
PC → ELO
ELO → PC
Description
!PV1↵
#2↵
Queries the actual protocol version.
RA
RA
Run curve at actual position
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!RA’ + curve[uint16]+ drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command starts the stored motion profile from the actual wanted position. The curve parameter defines the profile which is to be started. The
admissible range goes from 0 to 63, with 0 standing for an empty motion profile. This command must only be executed in the RUN state.
Note: When using this command the Curve Position Offset parameter will be
changed. If the RA command is given while another motion profile is already
being run, the new profile is started at once.
RC
RC
Run motion profile
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!RC’ + curve[uint16]+ drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command starts the stored motion profile. The curve parameter defines
the profile which is to be started. The admissible range goes from 0 to 63, with
0 standing for an empty motion profile. This command must only be executed
in the RUN state.
If the RC command is given while another motion profile is already being run,
the new profile is started at once.
140
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Commands
RD
RD
Read memory word
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!RD’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + data[uint16] + 0x0D
This command reads a memory word (16 bits) from the address previously
set with the AO and AS commands. The drive indicator is used as a controller
selector (any configured drive on the controller is possible).
Note: this address can be altered by using the commands WS or RE.
Value
Min
Max
data[uint16]
0
65535
RE
RE
Read memory word with address increment
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!RE’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + data[uint16] + 0x0D
This command reads a memory word (16 bits) from the address previously
set with the AO and AS commands. After reading the address will be incremented automatically by 2. The drive indicator is used as a controller selector
(any configured drive on the controller is possible).
Value
Min
Max
data[uint16]
0
65535
RP
RP
Redefine actual position
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!RP’ + pos[sint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the actual position of the motor drive to the value pos. It
has purpose in only few cases and should be used with caution. Important:
The minimum and maximum positions are not redefined!
This command must only be executed in the RUN state.
User Manual Release 1.3
Value
Min
Max
pos[sint16]
-32256
32256
141
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Commands
RQ
RQ
Set demand position to actual position
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!RQ’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the demand position to the acutal position. This command is used e.g. when the motor has been freezed and the motion should
not continue when releasing from freeze if the motor has been current free
and should be powered again without moving.
SA
SA
Set maximum acceleration
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!SA’ + acc[uint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the maximum acceleration of the drive motor to the value
acc. The resolution of the acceleration may be queried with the command AI.
Value
Min
Max
acc[uint16]
1
1536
SC
SC
Set maximum current (force)
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!SC’ + curr[uint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the maximum current of the drive motor to the value curr.
The current resolution may be queried with the command CI.
142
Value
Min
Max
curr[uint16]
0
256
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Commands
SF
SF
Set FREEZE flags
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!SF’ + (‘+’|‘-‘) + (elo[elocode] | drive[drivecode]) + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This commands sets (‘+’) or clears (‘-’) the FREEZE flags. On each servo controller there is a global FREEZE flag, which freezes the motion of all drives
and four motor specific FREEZE flags, which freeze the motion of a single
motor. A motor moves only if both the global FREEZE flag and his motor specific FREEZE flag are cleared.
Typical sequence:
PC → ELO
ELO → PC
Description
!SF+A↵
#↵
Sets the FREEZE flag on motor A
!SF+1↵
#↵
Sets the global FREEZE flag of the servo
controller with the ID 1
SI
SI
Set INIT flag
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!SI’ + (‘+’|‘-‘) + elo[elocode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets ('+') or clears ('-') the INIT flag. The meaning of the INIT
flag is given in chapter “Operational states” on page 11.
SP
SP
Set demand position (absolute positioning)
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!SP’ + pos[sint16]+ drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the demand position for the motor drive to the value pos.
The resolution of the position may be queried with the command PI.
Value
Min
Max
pos[sint16]
-32256
32256
SR
SR
Set RUN flag
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!SR’ + (‘+’|‘-‘) + elo[elocode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets ('+') or clears ('-') the RUN flag. The meaning of the RUN
flag is described in chapter “Operational states” on page 11.
User Manual Release 1.3
143
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Commands
SS
SR
Set STOP flag
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!SS’ + (‘+’|‘-‘) + elo[elocode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets ('+') or clears ('-') the STOP flag. The meaning of the
STOP flag is described in chapter “Operational states” on page 11.
SV
SV
Set maximum speed
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!SV’ + vel[uint16] + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the maximum speed of the motor drive to the value vel.
The resolution of the speed may be queried with the command VI.
Value
Min
Max
vel[uint16]
6
24576
SW
SW
Goto position from actual position
(absolute positioning)
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!SW’ + pos[sint16]+ drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the demand position for the motor drive to the value pos.
The resolution of the position may be queried with the command PI. In contrast to the !SP command the V/A-limiter starts at the actual position. This
command can be used for releasing from a press situation.
144
Value
Min
Max
pos[sint16]
-32256
32256
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Commands
TA
TA
Run curve on next trigger at actual position
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!TA’ + curve[uint16]+ drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command runs a stored motion profile from the actual wanted position on
the next trigger pulse. Since the servo controller has very fast trigger inputs, a
motion profile can be started very precisely. The motion profiles are always
started on the positive slope. The curve parameter defines the motion profile
that is to be started. The admissible range goes from 0 to 63, with 0 always
standing for an empty motion profile. This command must only be executed in
the RUN state.
Note: When using this command the Curve Position Offset parameter will be
changed.
TC
TC
Run motion profile on next trigger
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!TC’ + curve[uint16]+ drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command runs a stored motion profile on the next trigger pulse. Since
the servo controller has very fast trigger inputs, a motion profile can be started
very precisely. The motion profiles are always started on the positive slope.
The curve parameter defines the motion profile that is to be started. The
admissible range goes from 0 to 63, with 0 always standing for an empty
motion profile. This command must only be executed in the RUN state.
TI
TI
Increment demand position on next trigger
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!TI’ + posinc[sint16]+ drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command increments the demand position of the motor drive by the
amount posinc on the next trigger. The move is always started on the rising
edge of the signal. This command must only be executed in the RUN state.
The increment position must be in the range from -32256 to 32256.
User Manual Release 1.3
145
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Commands
TP
TP
Set demand position on next trigger
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!TP’ + pos[sint16]+ drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the demand position of the motor drive to the pos value at
the next trigger pulse. Since the servo controller has very fast trigger inputs, a
movement can be started very precisely. The movement is always started on
the positive edge. This command must only be executed in the RUN state.
Value
Min
Max
pos[sint16]
-32256
32256
TW
TW
Goto position from actual position on next trigger
(absolute positioning)
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!TW’ + pos[sint16]+ drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the demand position of the motor drive to the pos value at
the next trigger pulse. Since the servo controller has very fast trigger inputs, a
movement can be started very precisely. The movement is always started on
the positive edge. This command must only be executed in the RUN state. In
contrast to the !TP command the V/A-limiter starts at the actual position. This
command can be used for releasing froma press situation.
146
Value
Min
Max
pos[sint16]
-32256
32256
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Commands
VI
VI
Get actual speed resolution
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!VI’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + velres[uint32] + 0x0D
This command queries the actual speed resolution. The values are given in
different units depending on the motor type selected.
Motor type
Unit
®
LinMot
1 nm/s
Stepper motor
2-16 Steps/s
Solenoid
0
Typical sequence:
PC → ELO
ELO → PC
Description
!VIA↵
#190735↵
Queries actual speed resolution motor A. The
value given corresponds to 0.190735 mm/s,
because in this example motor A is configured as LinMot®.
WR
WR
Write memory word
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!WR’ + data[uint16]+ drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command writes a memory word (16 bits) at the address previously set
with the AO and AS commands. The drive indicator is used as a controller
selector (any configured drive on the controller is possible)
Note: this address can be altered by using the commands WS or RE.
Value
Min
Max
data[uint16]
0
65535
WS
WS
Write memory word with address increment
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!WS’ + data[uint16]+ drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command writes a memory word (16 bits) at the address previously set
with the AO and AS commands. After writing, the address will be incremented
automatically by 2. The drive indicator is used as a controller selector (any
configured drive on the controller is possible).
User Manual Release 1.3
Value
Min
Max
data[uint16]
0
65535
147
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Commands
ZD
ZD
Set internal position counter to zero
Direction
ASCII sequence
PC → ELO
‘!ZD’ + drive[drivecode] + 0x0D
ELO → PC
‘#’ + ack[ackcode] + 0x0D
This command sets the internal position counter to 0, shifting the home position at the same time. This command has purpose only in few cases and
should be used with caution. Important: The minimum and maximum positions are not displaced as well! This command must only be executed in the
RUN state.
148
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
LinMot ®
Typical sequence
8.6 Typical sequence
The following typical sequence provides an overview of the capabilities of the
ASCII protocol. The symbol ↵ denotes the hexadecimal value 0x13. To repeat
this sequence the motor connectors "Mot A" and "Mot B" must each be linked
to a LinMot® motor and configured. Moreover at least one motion profile must
be stored in the servo controller.
Typical sequence:
User Manual Release 1.3
PC → ELO
ELO → PC
Description
!PV1↵
#2↵
Queries the actual protocol version of
servo controller.
!GS1↵
#W↵
Queries the state of servo controller ‘1’.
The ‘W’ denotes the Wait for Disable state.
!SR-1↵
#↵
Clear RUN request flag.
!SI-1↵
#↵
Clear INIT request flag.
!GS1↵
#D↵
Queries the state of servo controller ‘1’.
The ‘D’ denotes the Disable state.
!SI+1↵
#↵
Set INIT request flag. Initialization starts.
!EX1↵
#1024↵
Wait until Init Not Done flag is cleared. The
denoted state is still INIT. This command
may be repeated until the initialization has
finished.
!SR+1↵
#W↵
Set RUN request flag.
!SI-1↵
#↵
Clear INIT request flag.
!GS1↵
#R↵
Queries the state of servo controller ‘1’.
The ‘R’ denotes the RUN state.
!CI1↵
#23438↵
Queries the current increment of servo
controller ‘1’. The value signaled back corresponds to 23.439 mA.
!SC43B↵
#↵
Sets maximum current for motor ‘B’ to 1 A.
!SC64A↵
#↵
Sets maximum current for motor ‘A’ to 1.5
A.
!ZDB↵
#↵
Resets value of internal position counter of
motor ‘B’ to 0.
!PIA↵
#19531250↵
Queries position increment of motor ‘A’.
The value signaled back corresponds to
19.53125 µm.
!SP2560B↵
#↵
Sets the demand position of drive ‘B’ to
50 mm.
!RC1A↵
#↵
Starts the motion profile with number 1 on
motor ‘A’.
!GPB↵
#2560↵
Queries the actual position of motor ‘B’.
149
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Reference table: status and error messages
8.7 Reference table: status and error messages
Acknowledgement codes (ackcode)
Code
Description
‘’
Okay, no errors.
‘E50’
Command given cannot be performed in WAIT FOR DISABLE state.
‘E51’
Command given cannot be performed in DISABLE state.
‘E52’
Command given cannot be performed in INIT state.
‘E53’
Command given cannot be performed in ERROR state.
‘E54’
Command given cannot be performed in RUN state.
‘E55’
Internal error.
‘E56’
Wrong servo controller or motor selected. This error message is sent if the servo controller is in
the RS232 mode and a command addresses a motor or servo controller that is not allowed in
this mode. In the RS232 mode only the servo controller ’1’ and motors ‘A’ to ‘D’ may be used.
‘E57’
The selected motor is not present or ‘no drive’ has been selected as ‘drive type’.
‘E58’
Unknown error.
‘E59’
Wrong command format.
‘E60’
Sign error.
‘E61’
An attempt has been made to set the RUN, INIT, FREEZE or STOP flag although these flags
are set in the parameter IO configuration. When these are set, the state of the flags is determined solely by the digital inputs of the servo controller.
‘E62’
The motion profile selected is not present in the servo controller.
‘E63’
An attempt has been made to start a motion profile which was not made for the actual motor
type.
‘E64’
Value range exceeded.
‘E65’
Command too long.
‘E66’
The motor is not in the mode Serial. Select Serial in the parameter inspector under
\Drives\Drive X\Set Value Generation\Run Mode.
‘E67’
This command cannot be used with slave motors.
‘E68’
This command cannot be used with the selected motor type.
State codes (statecode)
Code
Description
‘W’
Servo controller in WAIT FOR DISABLE state.
‘R’
Servo controller in RUN state.
‘I’
Servo controller in INIT state.
‘D’
Servo controller in DISABLE state.
‘E’ + syserr
Servo controller in ERROR state. There is a system error.
The coding of syserr is listed further below in the system error table.
‘E’ + driveerr + ‘A’
Servo controller in ERROR state. A fault has occurred on motor ‘A’.
The coding of driveerr is listed further below in the motor fault table.
‘E’ + driveerr + ‘B’
Servo controller in ERROR state. A fault has occurred on motor ‘B’.
‘E’ + driveerr + ‘C’
Servo controller in ERROR state. A fault has occurred on motor ‘C’.
‘E’ + driveerr + ‘D’
Servo controller in ERROR state. A fault has occurred on motor ‘D’.
150
User Manual Release 1.3
®
LinMot ASCII protocol
Reference table: position increment
LinMot ®
System error codes (syserr)
Code
Description
‘2’
Supply voltage too low for power part
‘3’
Supply voltage too high for power part
‘4’
Supply voltage too low for signal part
‘5’
Supply voltage too high for signal part
‘6’
Servo controller overheated or controller fault
‘7’
Servo controller internal 12V missing
Motor fault codes (driveerr)
Code
Description
‘1’
Motor overloaded
‘2’
Motor overheated
‘3’
A following error has occurred.
‘4’
The motor slider is missing.
‘6’
An error has occurred during initialization.
‘7’
Wrong motor type configured or motor defective.
‘8’
No motion profile for the motor, or a motion profile selected is incompatible with
the motor type.
‘9’
Board over current. The motor has drawn too much current, possibly due to an
wiring error or a short circuit on the phases.
‘10’
Board over temperature detected. Possible causes: Motor draws too much current, insufficient controller cooling
‘11’
AGND or 5VDC fuse blown. This can happen if a short circuit between motor
phases and signal lines.
8.8 Reference table: position increment
The following table lists the values signaled back when the PI command is
used. They may, however, alter with a future ASCII protocol version. Whenever possible therefore, the position increment should be queried with the PI
command.
Motor type
®
User Manual Release 1.3
Increment
LinMot
19.53125 µm
Stepper
1/8 Step
Solenoid
23.438mA
151
LinMot ®
LinMot® ASCII protocol
Reference table: speed increment
8.9 Reference table: speed increment
The table below lists the values signaled back when the VI command is given.
They may, however, alter with a future ASCII protocol version. Whenever possible, therefore, the speed increment should be queried with the VI command.
Motor type
Increment
®
LinMot
190.735 µm/s
Stepper
0.081469 Steps/s
Solenoid
0
8.10 Reference table: acceleration increment
The table below lists the values signaled back when the AI command is given.
They may, however, alter with a future ASCII protocol version. Whenever possible, therefore, the acceleration increment should be queried with the AI
command.
Motor type
Increment
LinMot®
238.419 mm/s2
Stepper
47.6836 Steps/s2
Magnet
-
8.11 Reference table: current increment
The table below lists the values signaled back when the CI command is given.
They may, however, alter with a future ASCII protocol version. Whenever possible, therefore, the current increment should be queried with the CI command.
Servo controller
Increment
Ex00 / Ex000
23.438 mA
8.12 Reference table: motor designator
The motor designator identifies a motor in a system solution in which the
ASCII protocol is used under RS485.
152
Controller ID
Motor A
Motor B
Motor C
Motor D
1
A
B
C
D
2
E
F
G
H
3
I
J
K
L
4
M
N
O
P
5
Q
R
S
T
6
U
V
W
X
User Manual Release 1.3
LinMot ®
Compatibility with previous releases
A. Compatibility with previous releases
To ensure transition without problems to Release 1.3 of LinMot® Talk, configuration and motion profile data generated with the old versions may be
imported into Release 1.3 of LinMot® Talk. The data files of Release 1.0, 1.1
and 1.2 are supported. Conversion is necessary when importing 'old' configurations. This is performed automatically by the Parameter Inspector. To avoid
problems, new configurations arrived at in this way should be verified carefully.
Servo controllers loaded with software release 1.0 or 1.1 cannot be operated
with LinMot® Talk Release 1.3. It is, however, possible to install LinMot® Talk
Release 1.0, 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3 simultaneously on a PC. With a configuration
like this, all servo controllers may be operated. Nevertheless it is essential that
only one version of LinMot® Talk at a time is started. All software releases are
found on the LinMot® homepage under the WWW address http://www.linmot.com.
imports configurations
from
configures servo controllers with
R1.0
R1.0
R1.1
R1.2
LinMot® Talk R1.0
✘
LinMot® Talk R1.1
✘
✘
LinMot® Talk R1.2
✘
✘
✘
LinMot® Talk R1.3
✘
✘
✘
R1.3
R1.1
R1.2
R1.3
✘
✘
✘
✘
✘
✘
Table 1-1: Compatibility of LinMot® Talk software
Note: The most secure way to transfer the configuration and curves from one
firmware release to another is to save the configuration by using the same LinMot® Talk version as the controller’s firmware is and import the configuration
with a LinMot® Talk of the same version as the destination controller’s firmware is.
Note: A newer hardware version or revision requires always a newer firmware
version. Firmware cannot support newer hardware as a matter of principle.
The newest hardware is always supported by the latest firmware releases of
1.1, 1.2 and 1.3.
User Manual Release 1.3
153
LinMot ®
Service / Error display
B. Service / Error display
Error display on version 2 controllers
When an error occurs it is displayed by means of the blinking of at least one of
the four LEDs on the front of the servo controller.
Ready LED
The Ready LED is ON as soon as the supply voltage for the processor is
guaranteed and the system has started up correctly. Communication with the
PC over the serial interface is only possible when this LED is ON.
The following table summarizes the blink codes and their meaning:
Fault LED
Stat A
Stat B
Description
●
off
off
HW system error: Hardware error in the servo controller.
~3 Hz
2 x● 1 Hz
SW1 System error: Software error in the servo controller. The system software wasn’t loaded successfully.
●
SW2 System error: Software error in the servo controller. The system software wasn’t loaded successfully.
~1 Hz
on
●
~2 Hz
on
1x ● : Mot A
2x ● : Mot B
3x ● : Mot B
4x ● : Mot D
●
~2 Hz
Generic fault: The exact error message may be displayed with the error inspector.
2 x●
The supply voltage for the Power circuitry is too low.
3x●
The supply voltage for the Power circuitry is too high.
4x●
The supply voltage for the Signal circuitry is too low.
5x●
The supply voltage for the Signal circuitry is too high.
6x●
The servo controller is too hot.
1x●
The motor is overloaded.
2x●
The motor is too hot.
3x●
Following error.
4x●
The slider is missing from the motor.
6x●
The initialization was not completed successfully.
7x●
Incorrect motor type configured or damaged motor.
8 x●
A referenced motion profile for a motor is missing.
Selected motion profile not valid for actual drive type.
Table 2-1: LED Error Code Table for version 2 controllers
Legend
on
LED is ON
off
LED is OFF
154
●
LED blinks shortly (ca. ¼ s)
LED blinks longer (ca. 1½ s)
User Manual Release 1.3
LinMot ®
Service / Error display
Error display on version 3 controllers
User Manual Release 1.3
When an error occurs on a version 3 controller, the error code will be displayed on the 7 segment LED module on the front. The following table shows
the possible error codes with a short description.
Error code
Description
E0001
Missing or invalid parameter tree
E0002
Missing or invalid application
E0003
Controller type not supported
E0004
MT command interface not available
E0005
Timer watchdog error
E0006
Trap class A error
E0007
Trap class B error
E0008
No master found for slave motor
E0009
No external sensor defined
E000A
External sonsor not allowed on channel D
E000B
The application software needs an MT controller
E000C
Noise dead band is not supported on this device revision
(must be set ot 0mm)
E0010
DCLV power too low
E0011
DCLV power too high
E0012
DCLV signal too low
E0013
DCLV signal too high
E0014
Electronic fault
E0015
HW Error: internal 12V missing
E0101
Drive A: Too hot calculated
E0102
Drive A: Too hot sensor
E0103
Drive A: Following error
E0104
Drive A: Slider missing
E0106
Drive A: Init failed
E0107
Drive A: Drive type mismatch
E0108
Drive A: Curve error (wrong type oder number)
E0109
Drive A: Board over current
E010A
Drive A: Board over temperature
E010B
Drive A: AGND or 5VDC fuse blown
E0201
Drive B: Too hot calculated
E0202
Drive B: Too hot sensor
E0203
Drive B: Following error
E0204
Drive B: Slider missing
E0206
Drive B: Init failed
E0207
Drive B: Drive type mismatch
E0208
Drive B: Curve error (wrong type oder number)
E0209
Drive B: Board over current
E020A
Drive B: Board over temperature
E020B
Drive B: AGND or 5VDC fuse blown
155
LinMot ®
156
Service / Error display
Error code
Description
E0301
Drive C: Too hot calculated
E0302
Drive C: Too hot sensor
E0303
Drive C: Following error
E0304
Drive C: Slider missing
E0306
Drive C: Init failed
E0307
Drive C: Drive type mismatch
E0308
Drive C: Curve error (wrong type oder number)
E0309
Drive C: Board over current
E030A
Drive C: Board over temperature
E030B
Drive C: AGND or 5VDC fuse blown
E0401
Drive D: Too hot calculated
E0402
Drive D: Too hot sensor
E0403
Drive D: Following error
E0404
Drive D: Slider missing
E0406
Drive D: Init failed
E0407
Drive D: Drive type mismatch
E0408
Drive D: Curve error (wrong type oder number)
E0409
Drive D: Board over current
E040A
Drive D: Board over temperature
E040B
Drive D: AGND or 5VDC fuse blown
$FFEC
RAM error
E1001
RTS: State is too long
E1002
RTS: Controller version not supported
E1003
RTS: Wrong firmware
E1004
RTS: No script found
E1005
RTS: Illegal command
E8000
Profibus DP: Connection to master lost
E8001
Profibus DP: Address not valid
E8002
Profibus DP: Data out of range
E8003
Profibus DP: Invalid configuration from PLC
E8100
DN: Application needs DeviceNet controller
E8101
DN: DeviceNet MACID already in use
E8104
DN: Processor speed not supported by SW
E8108
DN: Unknown command
E8110
DN: Drive not specified in command
E8111
DN: Drive is not master
E8112
DN: Drive is not in serial mode
E8118
DN: Range error
User Manual Release 1.3
LinMot ®
Service / Error display
Error code
Description
E8120
DN: Encoder does not exist
E8121
DN: Encoder is in SSI mode
E8130
DN: Curve does not exist
E8131
DN: Curve type mismatch Kurventyp
E8132
DN: Curve processing
E8140
DN: Unspecified CAN error
E8141
DN: CAN stuff error
E8142
DN: CAN form error
E8143
DN: CAN acknowledge error
E8144
DN: CAN bit1 error
E8145
DN: CAN bit0 error
E8146
DN: CAN CRC error
E8147
DN: CAN message lost
E8148
DN: CAN BOFF error
E8200
CO: Application needs CANopen controller
E8201
CO: Invalid address
E8202
CO: Data out of range
E8203
CO: Drive is not in serial mode
E8210
CO: Bus error
E8218
CO: Unspecified CAN error
E8219
CO: CAN stuff error
E821A
CO: CAN form error
E821B
CO: CAN acknowledge error
E821C
CO: CAN bit1 error
E821D
CO: CAN bit0 error
E821E
CO: CAN CRC error
Table 2-2: LED Error Code Table for version 3 controllers
User Manual Release 1.3
157
LinMot ®
Maintenance of servo controllers
C. Maintenance of servo controllers
The servo controllers have no parts requiring maintenance by the user. In normal operation it is not necessary to open these units. Care must be taken to
ensure that the heat generated by them can be dissipated without problems.
The heat sink should therefore be dusted off regularly and any other deposits
cleaned away.
Fuses
The supply inputs of the servo controllers are fused against overcurrents. On
the power PCB are two miniature fuses: one for the signal current and one for
the power current. Their positions may be seen below.
Ex00-AT/MT/DP/DN
S301
S302
Figure C-1: LinMot® Ex00-AT/MT/DP fuses on power PCB
Fuse
Type
S301, motor supply
10 A slow, ∅ 5 mm x 20 mm
S302, logic supply
0.5 A slow, ∅ 5 mm x 20 mm
Ex000-AT/MT/DP/DN
S2
S1
Figure C-2: LinMot® Ex000-AT/MT/DP fuses on power PCB
158
Fuse
Type
S1, motor supply
10 A slow, ∅ 5 mm x 20 mm
S2, logic supply
0.5 A slow, ∅ 5 mm x 20 mm
User Manual Release 1.3
LinMot ®
®
Maintenance of LinMot P motors
D. Maintenance of LinMot® P motors
The maintenance schedule below is based on a 5-day week with 8 working
hours daily. Central European industrial operating conditions are assumed.
Where conditions differ, as with severe and permanent fouling, direct sunshine, operation outdoors etc., the maintenance intervals must be shortened
until empirical values for the particular application are obtained. Accordingly a
distinction is drawn between the maintenance schedules for standard applications and first applications or arduous conditions.
Standard applications
First / arduous
applications
Inspection
This maintenance schedule should be used for standard applications
Time
Less than 120
strokes / min
120 to 360
strokes / min
over 360
strokes / min
commissioning
Inspection
Lubrication
Inspection
Lubrication
Inspection
Lubrication
every 3 months
--
Inspection
Inspection
Lubrication
every 6 months
Inspection
Inspection
Lubrication
Inspection
Lubrication
This maintenance schedule should be used for first and arduous applications:
Time
Less than 120
strokes / min
120 to 360
strokes / min
over 360
strokes / min
commissioning
Inspection
Lubrication
Inspection
Lubrication
Inspection
Lubrication
after first 8 hrs
Inspection
Inspection
Inspection
after first week
Inspection
Inspection
Inspection
all 3 months
Inspection
Inspection
Inspection
Lubrication
all 6 months
Inspection
Lubrication
Inspection
Lubrication
Inspection
Lubrication
The following must be checked when inspecting the drives:
• Is the slider lubricated completely ?
• Is the lubricant not ‘decomposed’ ?
• Can the slider be moved easily ?
• Is the connector cable in good condition ?
Cleaning
On no account may brushes or similar be used for cleaning purposes. No
cleaning fluid containing solvents, kerosene or similar must be used.
1 Carefully withdraw the slider from the stator.
2 Clean the slider and stator with soft disposable paper, assisted by methylated spirit or alcohol.
3 Lubricate the slider and introduce it carefully.
User Manual Release 1.3
159
LinMot ®
Lubricating
instructions
Maintenance of LinMot® P motors
The lubricant reduces the friction between the chromium-nickel steel surface
of the slider and the plastic plain bearing (POM or Delrin-based). In addition it
prevents (fretting) corrosion. The lubricant employed must not attack the
material of the plain bearing and must be temperature resistant up to 100°C. It
must retain low viscosity at low temperatures and not evaporate.
The following table gives an overview for different lubricants.l
Application
Type
Distributor
Description
Plain
bearings /
food
industry
LinMot®
lubricant
0150-1950
LinMot®
Klybersynth
UH1 14-31
Klüber
Lubrication
Plain bearing paste for all
LinMot® applications with
long-time lubrication.
USDA H1 approval. Synthetic low-temperature highspeed grease for rollingcontact and plain bearings,
chains and seals.
Plain
bearings
Molykote
DX
Molykote
Alternative to LinMot®
grease
Rolling-contact bearings
Microlube
GBU Y 131
Klüber
Lubrication
For rolling-contact and plain
bearings, preferentially for
high specific loads and
influence of moisture and
water.
Vacuum
Barrierta
L55
Klüber
Lubrication
High-temperature grease
for rollers and ball bearings
in conveying equipment and
automatic baking ovens,
also rolling-contact and
plain bearings in electric
motors.
Table D-1: Lubricants
160
User Manual Release 1.3
LinMot ®
Mechanical installation servo controllers
E. Mechanical installation servo controllers
The LinMot® servo controllers can be panel mounted with two M5 screws
each. The fixing plates are designed to facilitate mounting and dismounting
the servo controllers.
The LinMot® servo controllers should be mounted vertically if possible. This
will assure better cooling. LinMot® servo controllers have temperature monitoring, which switches off the power electronics in the event of an overheated
heat sink.
CAUTION: When mounting the servo controllers, be aware of the housing
temperature may reach up to 60°C, the heat sink up to 70°C. Make sure that
there is adequate heat dissipation at the location of installation.
As already stated in the section on the current supply, the electronics must be
earthed reliably..
Fixings for
2 x M5 screws
120
Centers
195
210
175
56
70
Figure 5-1: Dimensions of LinMot® E100 series servo controller in [mm]
Fixings for
2 x M5 screws
179
Centers
315
330
295
64
90
Figure E-2: Dimensions of LinMot® E1000 series servo controller in [mm]
User Manual Release 1.3
161
LinMot ®
Mechanical installation servo controllers
Fixings for 2 x M5 screws
178
330
Centers
315
296
dimensions in mm
60
Figure E-3: Dimensions of LinMot® E1001 series servo controller in [mm]
Fixings for
2 x M5 screws
100
®
LinMot
-E400
-E400
LinMot
®
®
LinMot
-E400
100
50
50
50
100
50
Dimensions in mm
Figure E-4: Mounting of LinMot® E100 series servo controllers in [mm]
162
User Manual Release 1.3
LinMot ®
Mechanical installation servo controllers
Fixings for
2 x M5 screws
100
®
LinMot
-E4000
-E4000
LinMot
®
®
LinMot
-E4000
100
50
50
100
50
Dimensions in mm
50
Figure E-5: Mounting of LinMot® E1000 series servo controller in [mm]
100
100
100
20
20
20
dimensions in mm
Figure E-6: Mounting of LinMot® E1001 series servo controller in [mm]
User Manual Release 1.3
163
LinMot ®
Installation of the linear motors
F. Installation of the linear motors
The linear drives of the LinMot® P family feature a slide bearing between the
moving slider and the fix stator. The requirements on this slide bearing construction are exceptionally high, due to the enormous dynamic properties and
acceleration of the drives. For these reasons the following points must be
observed.
Lateral forces
Due to the surface pressure caused by lateral forces excessive stressing on
the slide bearing will result in reduced life of the linear motor. For this reason
care should be taken in the application and installation in order to reduce lateral forces to a minimum.
transversal
force
Figure 6-1: Lateral force
The linear drives of the LinMot® P series function best when operated as drive
elements and are not used as guide or bearing elements.
Parallelism error
Binding of the system arises if the slider of the LinMot® P drives is used to
move another longitudinally sliding machine part via direct coupling
In order to compensate for the parallelism errors, a flexible coupling (represented here by a bent line) must be used between the slider and the moving
machine part.
Figure 6-2: Compensation of parallelism errors
Horizontal mounting
164
If the linear motors are mounted horizontally, the key of the stator should be
on the lower side (see figures above). If mounted like this, the slider mass is
compensated by magnetic forces in the stator.
User Manual Release 1.3
LinMot ®
Installation of the linear motors
Mounting the stator
The stators are mounted by clamping. As clamping device the LinMot® flange
should be used or a similar construction. Most important is a broad clamping
surface in order to get a good heat dissipation. The clamping force should not
be so tight as to compress the stator housing! (Hint: Don't use tightening tools
with lever arm without an additional torque measurement).
Mounting of the load
The load mass must be mounted in a way, that only the end piece of the slider
is held with the appropriate wrench (Caution: magnetic attraction). By no
means should the sensitive slider tube or the slider end piece be clamped or
used as a tightening tool.
slider
load
Figure 6-3: Load mass mounting
Handling the sliders
The sliders of the LinMot® P motors must be handled with great care. Even
minor damage to the slider surface can cause a drastic reduction of its lifetime. The slider is a high precision machine element consisting of a thin steel
tube and neodymium magnets. As it is designed for loads in the longitudinal
direction, even just hitting an iron plate due to the magnetic attraction can
cause permanent damage to the slider.
Entering the slider
into the stator
Clean the slider with disposable paper first. Take special care that there are
no metallic particles on the surface of the slider. Lubricate the slider in accordance with the instruction in section D.
Insert the slider with the notchless end into the stator.
i
User Manual Release 1.3
Many helpful hints for mechanical solutions can be found in the LinMot®
Design Manual (Art. No. 0150-2215)
165
LinMot ®
Installation of the linear motors
CAUTION:
• Under no circumstances may a damaged slider be used further, as this can
lead to permanent and non reparable damage to the stator!
• The slider of the LinMot® P motors contains neodymium magnets, that can
cause damage to magnetical data medium or sensitive electronic devices
by merely coming close to them.
• When manipulating the sliders, hitting them against iron parts, tools, etc.
must be absolutely avoided, as this can lead to permanent damage of the
slider (surface damage, bending). Further, hitting against other ferrous
objects represents a danger of injury (Bruised fingers, etc.).
• The slider of the LinMot® P motors can reach temperature values that can
cause burns if touched.
• The sliders of the LinMot® P motors are fast moving machine parts. The
user is responsible for taking all the measures necessary to avoid any contact and the relative danger of injuries to living beings (cover, protection
from contact etc.).
• Accumulations of dirt, in particular of ferrous chips (magnetic attraction!) or
dry running of the slider can considerably shorten the slider's lifetime.
• The sliders may only be stored or transported in the special plastic case
(with cardboard inlay) or already inserted and blocked in the stator.
• The sliders must be protected from dirt (particularly metal chips, etc.).
• Maximal storage temperature: 70 °C
• Both slider and stator must be cleaned and subsequently re-greased if they
become dirty (see section D.).
166
User Manual Release 1.3
LinMot ®
Contact Addresses
G. Contact Addresses
SWITZERLAND
NTI AG
Haerdlistr. 15
CH-8957 Spreitenbach
Sales and Administration:
[email protected]
Tech. Support:
+41-(0)56-544 71 00
[email protected]
Fax:
+41-(0)56-419 91 92
Web:
http://www.linmot.com
USA
LinMot, Inc.
5750 Townline Road
Elkhorn, WI53121
Sales and Aministration:
877-546-3270
262-743-2555
Tech. Support:
877-804-0718
262-743-1284
Fax:
800-463-8708
262-723-6688
E-Mail:
[email protected]
Web:
http://www.linmot-usa.com
• Please visit http://www.linmot.com/ to find the distributor near you.
User Manual Release 1.3
167
LinMot ®
168
Contact Addresses
User Manual Release 1.3
LinMot ®
Index
Index
Booster parallel 71
Booster reverse 71
bus cabling 51
byte order 51, 102
Byte Order Datamodules 102
Digits
0 Position 77, 89
0 V Position 77, 89
1 Position 77, 89
10 V Position 77, 89
A
Abs. Current 20
Abs. Position 20
AC 125
acceleration
setting maximum 142
setting, maximum 43, 78, 90
acceleration resolution
getting 125
accuracy 3
improving 53
Active Input Signals 27
Active Trigger Signals 27
Actual Position 73, 86
actual position
getting 137
redefining 141, 142
actual state
getting 137
actuator
type 83
Adapter 54
Add Column 29
Add State 29
address
showing, PROFIBUS 102
AI 125
Analog 76, 88, 95
Analog / Trig Drive A 66
Analog / Trig Drive B 66
Analog / Trig Drive D 66
Analog / Trig DriveC 66
angle signal 14
Application 62, 67
argument types 123
ASCII protocol 3, 115
acknowledge structure 121
command structure 121
example sequence 149
setup 116
ASCII RS232 67
ASCII RS485 67
AT 67
attribute
meaning 60
Auto 91
Auto Move In 73
Auto Move Out 73
Auto Start 66
B
Base 62
Baudrate 102, 103
baudrate
autodetect PROFIBUS 34
showing, PROFIBUS 102, 103
Bewegungsprofil
Erstellen 7
ruckminimiertes 7
Block 82
User Manual Release 1.3
C
cabling
checking 51
PROFIBUS-DP 34
CC 126, 127
Check Init Position 74, 75
CI 127
CMD Executed 42
column
adding 29
copying 30
deleting 30
inserting 30
pasting 30
Command
Redefine Position 3
Set Current 3
Command 38, 39
command
Abs. Current 10
Abs. Position 10
changing current 10
Curve 10
for MT servo controllers 20
Freeze / Unfreeze 10
freeze movement 10
Move Home Position 10
moving demand position 10
moving home position 10
No Operation 10
no operation 10
Redefine Position 10
Rel. Current 10
Rel. Position 10
running motion profiles 10
Set CP 10
Set Cur. Offset 10
Set Current 10
Set FF 10
Set PID 10
setting actual position 10
setting current 10
setting current offset 10
setting demand position 10
setting ff parameters 10
setting maximum current 10
setting motion profile properties 10
setting PID parameters 10
Stop 10
stop movement 10
Command Interface 67
command table
creating 28
commands
for MT servo controller 9
commissioning 3, 9, 33
PROFIBUS 36, 51
Commutation 82, 91
Commutation 82
compatibility 1, 153
configuration
I/O signals 66
importing 3, 153
configuration software 26
configuration telegram 34
container 17
Continuous Curve 76, 88, 95
control concept 14
Control Parameter 80
control parameter 80
Control Switches 82
control word 41
Control/Status 38, 41
controller 3, 72
adjusting on the fly 21, 40
getting D value 132
getting I value 133
getting P value 134
setting D value 129
setting I value 130
setting P value 131
Copy 30
CT 128
current
actual current 43
changing 20
maximum 80, 82, 90, 97
setting 20
setting, maximum 21, 44, 92, 97,
142
Current ( ) 2A (x) 3A 82, 91
Current ’0’ 96
Current ’1’ 96
Current 0V 96
Current 10V 96
Current Offset 80
current offset
getting 133
setting 130
current reduction 92
current resolution 92
getting 127
Curve 21
Curve Amplitude 77, 89, 96
Curve Done A..D 42
Curve Error 64, 83, 92, 98
Curve Inspector 26
Curve Number 77, 89, 96
Curve Position Offset 77, 89, 96
Curve Speed 77, 89, 96
cycle time
PROFIBUS-DP 51
D
D value 80
DA 126, 128
data exchange 34
data modul 38
data module 37
byte order 102
DB 129
DC 129
DCLV Monitoring 65
DCLV Power Too High 63, 64
DCLV Power Too Low 63, 64
DCLV Signal Too High 63, 64
DCLV Signal Too Low 63, 64
DD 129
Delete Column 30
Delete State 29
demand current 80
demand position
getting 136
incrementing 139
setting 143, 144
Design Manual 165
device data base sheet 36
device information 61
DF 130
DI 130
diagnose 32, 102
Diagnose Priority 102
169
LinMot ®
DISABLE State 42
DK 130
DP 130, 131
DP address
checking 51
Drive Following Error 64, 83, 84
Drive Hot Sensor 84
Drive Init Not Done 84, 93
Drive Too Hot Calculated 64, 83, 84
Drive Too Hot Sensor 64, 83
drive type 60
Drive Type Mismatch 64, 83, 92, 98, 99
DS 131
duty cycle 82
dynamic 82
E
EA 131
EB 131
ED 132
EE 132
EEPROM 60, 62
EEPROM Type 62
EF 133
EI 133
Electronic Fault 63, 64
electronic main shaft 14
Emerg Stop Input 66
Emergency Configuration 85, 94, 98
emergency stop 85, 93, 98
Emergency Stop Mode 85, 98
end position switch 16
EP 133, 134
equipment class 32
error 63
error display 154
error handling 60, 61, 62, 83, 92, 98
error log 64
Error Mask 63, 83, 92, 98, 99
ERROR OUT 63
Error Output 66
ERROR Pending 42
ERROR State 42
ES 134
EW 134
EX 135
Extension 54
External 1.25 µm 72
External 10 µm 72
External 2.5 µm 72
External 20 µm 72
External 5 µm 72
external position sensing
overview 53
external position sensor 99
F
Fall Curve Number 77, 89, 96
Feed 107
feed forward 81
feedback signal 17
FF Acceleration 81, 107, 111
getting 131
setting 128
FF Deceleration 81, 107
getting 131
setting 129
FF Friction 81
getting 133
setting 130
field
copying 30
170
Index
pasting 30
field bus 32
Filter Parameter 78, 90
firmware 1, 3, 60, 61
flags
getting 138
FLASH 62
Flash Type 62
Following Error- 79
following error 16, 79, 83, 84
monitoring 79
Following Error+ 79
force 2, 3, 9, 21
ripple 82
setting, maximum 142
force offset
setting 130
Freeze 85, 93, 98
FREEZE flag
setting 143
Freeze Input 66
FREEZE Request 41
Freeze/Unfreeze 21
friction
compensating 81
compensation 107
Full Step 91
fuses 158
G
GA 135
GC 136
GD 136
GE 136
Get Current 38, 43
Get Position 38, 43
GK 133
global error status
getting 136
global warn status
getting 138
Goto Next State 23
Goto Position 85, 93
Goto previous state 23
GP 137
GS 137
GSD file 36
GV 137
GW 138
GX 138
H
Half Step 91
heat losses 82
heat sink
temperature 63
Home Position 74, 75, 87
home position
moving 21, 139
Hours 67
Info 102
Init Config 74, 87
INIT Done 42
Init Failed 64, 83
INIT flag
setting 143
Init Input 66
Init Mode 73, 86
Init Once 73, 87
INIT Request 41
INIT State 42
Init Switches 73, 87
Init Velocity 74, 87
Initial Position 74, 75, 87
Initialization 73, 86
initialization 61, 68
initialization procedure 75
input range 88
input voltage
mapping 89
Insert Column 30
Insert State 29
installation
linear motors 164
servo controllers 161
interface 66, 88
actuator 68
cabling, RS485 118
command 67
pin out PROFIBUS 52
PROFIBUS-DP 32
RS232 3, 115
RS485 3, 115
setting jumpers, RS485 118
Internal Sensor 72
IO Configuration 66
IP 139
J
Jitter 100
Jitter Filter 100
L
lateral force 164
LED codes 154
LEDs 3
lid
inserting 17
linearity 99
LinMot® P0x-23 69
LinMot® P0x-37 69
live parameter 60
load mass
compensating 81
compensation 107
Logging Mask 64
lubricants
grease 160
M
I
I value 80
ident 32
In Pos A..D 101
In Position 84, 93
In Position- 79
In Position - 90
In Position + 90
In Position+ 79
Magnet 69
Magnetic 54
magnetic tape 3
maintenance
motors 159
schedule 159
servo controllers 158
mass
compensating 81
Master 71, 86, 95
User Manual Release 1.3
LinMot ®
Index
master
class 1 and 2 description 33
failure 32
Master / Booster 71, 95
Magnet 95
Master Node Address 102, 103
Master/Booster 86
master/booster operation 57, 71, 86
Max Acceleration 78, 90
Max Velocity 62, 78, 90
Max. Acceleration 38, 43
Max. Current 38, 44
Max. Velocity 38, 44
Maximal Current 80, 90, 96, 97
Maximal Deceleration 85, 94
Maximal Init Current 74
Maximal Position 77, 89
Maximal Speed 85, 94
maximum acceleration
getting 135
maximum current 74, 80, 82, 90, 97
getting 136
setting 92
MH 139
Micro Step 91
Mimimal Position 77, 89
Minimal Current 96
mode
analog trigger 19, 25
multi trigger 19
Monitor 62
motion profile 88, 92
creating 3
creation 6
getting amplitude 132
getting offset 133
getting speed 134
running 21, 45, 76, 89, 140
running cyclic 76, 89, 126, 127
running on next trigger 127, 128,
145
setting amplitude 45, 129
setting position offset 46, 130
setting speed 45, 131
stopping 128
synchronization of 14
motion sequence 16, 17
motor
booster 58, 59
choosing type 69
dynamics 82
heating 84
initialising, stepper 86
initializing, linear 73
introducing next 44
master 58, 59
master/booster operation 2
putting in parallel 58
motor error status
getting 132
motor type
setting, multi trigger 31
motor warn status
getting 134
Move Home Position 21
movement
interrupting 21
stopping 21
moving time 82
Msg Mask 63
Msg Output 66
MT 67
MT servo controller 3, 14
command description 20
setup and installation 19, 20, 23
multi trigger table
User Manual Release 1.3
creating 26
downloading 30
saving 30
N
Next Drive 38, 44
No Drive 69
No Operation 20
No operation 23
O
Off 85, 93, 98
operating hours 67
Output 3 101
Output 4 101
Output Configuration 101
output signals 101
P
P value 80
Package Installer 8
parallelism error 164
Parameter
Attribute 60
Parameter Tabellen 60, 124
parameter 60
control 61, 80
global 58, 59, 60, 61
linear motor 61
live 60
motor 60, 61
motor parameters 68
multi trigger 61, 100
position sensing 99
position sensor 61
PROFIBUS 61
setting ff parameters 21
setting motion profile 10, 22
setting PID 21
solenoid 61, 95
stepper motor 61, 86
visibility 60
write-protected 60
Parameter Inspector 60
parametring telegram 34
password 60, 62
for installing 8
Paste 30
phase current
adjusting 112
PI 139
PID controller 80
pin out
PROFIBUS connector 35
PROFIBUS interface 52
PLC 16, 17, 102
pole distance 99
pole pitch 55
Pos Error Output 66
Pos Range 101
Pos Range Indicator 84, 93
Pos Range Max 79, 90
Pos Range Min 79, 90
Position 54
Sollposition setzen 124
position
actual position 43
after initialization 87
defining 21
increment 145
monitoring, band 79
moving 20
setting 20, 46
setting on next trigger 146
setting to zero 148
teach-In 31
position axis
defining 75
position controller 3
Position Monitoring 79
position monitoring 61, 68, 79, 90
position range
defining 89
position resolution
getting 139
position sensing 3, 72
combining with master/booster 71
connecting 53, 56
overview 53
principle 53, 56
setting parameters 55
Position Sensor 69, 72
position sensor 53, 56, 69
position zero 73, 86
positioning range 77
potential equalization 34
power failures 64
Power High Error 65
Power High Warn 65, 68
Power Low Error 65
Power Low Warn 65, 68
print
MT table 27
priority 102
process image 51
PROFIBUS
commisioning 51
commissioning 36
connector 34
cycle time 51
data modul 38
DP, FMS, PA 32
guideline for building networks 35
setup 36
stub line 51
termination 35
trouble shooting 51
PROFIBUS servo controller 3, 32
protocol version
getting 140
PV 140
R
RAM 62
RAM Type 62
RC 140, 141
Redefine Position 21
reference move 73, 86
reference position 73, 86
defining 86
moving 139
searching 74
Regler
Einstellen 104
Rel. Current 20
Rel. Position 20
Release 62
repeat accuracy 99
Repeat actual state 24
resolution 55, 72, 91
revolving table 17
Rise Curve Number 77, 89, 96
RP 141, 142
Run Curve 38, 45
171
LinMot ®
RUN flag
setting 143
Run Input 66
Run Mode 76, 88, 95
RUN Request 41
RUN State 42
S
SA 142
SC 142
Seconds 67
sensing head 53, 56
sensor 54
direction 99
Sensor Direction 99
Sensor Period 99
sequential control 16
Serial 76, 88, 95
Serial No High 61
Serial No Low 61
serial number 61
service 154
servo controller 3
configuring MT servo controllers 26
Set CP 22
Set Current 21
Set Current 98
Set Curve Amplitude 38
Set Curve Offset 38
Set Curve Speed 38, 45, 46
Set FF 21
Set PID 21
Set Position 38, 46
Set Value Configuration 77, 89, 96
setpoint 88
filtering 78
generation 76, 88, 95
setpoint generating 76
setpoint generation 68
setup software 36
SF 143
shielding 34
SI 143
Signal High Error 65
Signal High Warn 65
Signal Low Error 65
Signal Low Warn 65
signals
active input signals 27
active trigger signals 27
sine/cosine encoders 99
Sinus 82
slave
DP slave definition 33
failure 32
Slave Node Address 102, 103
slider
front of 69
Slider Missing 64, 83, 84, 99
software
installing 3, 8
solenoid 69
SP 143, 144
speed
getting, maximum 137
initialization 87
initilization speed 74
of stepper motors 91
setting maximum 144
setting, maximum 44, 78, 90
speed resolution
getting 147
SR 143
SS 144
172
Index
standstill 92
standstill time 82
startup behaviour 66
Startup Mode 66
state
adding 29
controlling 23
deleting 29
DISABLE 3
ERROR 63
FREEZE 9
getting 137
INIT 66, 73
inserting 29
operational states of firmware 11
repeating 24
RUN 63, 66
STOP 3
state flags
getting 135
state machine
DP slave 33
status
of I/O signals 9
status display 3
status word 41
Stepper 69
stepper motor 69
Stop 21
Stop Current 98
STOP flag
setting 144
Stop Position 85, 94
STOP Request 41
storage 62
stroke range 55
stub line
PROFIBUS 51
supply voltage 63
thresholds 65
SV 144
V
version 60
VI 147
voltage
thresholds 65
W
Warn Mask 63, 83, 92, 99
Warn Output 66
warning 63
WARNING Pending 42
Z
ZD 148
T
target position 90
TC 145
teach-in 31
TI 145
Time 67, 100
time 60, 67
time integral 80
token passing 32
TP 146
Trapezoid 82
travel range 72
checking 74
Tree Type 62
Tree Version 62
Trig In 1..4 42
Trig Move In 73
Trig Move Out 73
Trig Turn Left 86
Trig Turn Right 86
Trigger Curve 76, 88, 95
trigger signal 73, 88
reading 66
trouble shooting
PROFIBUS 51
Two Point 76, 88, 95
Type 61, 69
U
User 62
User Manual Release 1.3
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement