RealRick Manual
MusicLab RealRick
Version 1
User's Manual
Copyright © 2000-2014 by MusicLab, Inc.
Table of Contents
About the program ...................................................................................... 6
Installing RealRick ....................................................................................... 8
Installing RealRick PC version ................................................................. 8
Installing RealRick Mac version ................................................................ 8
Launching RealRick .................................................................................... 9
RealRick Guitar Patches ........................................................................... 10
Virtual Fretboard ........................................................................................ 12
Virtual Keyboard ........................................................................................ 12
RealRick Global Modes ............................................................................. 13
MIDI KEYBOARD Global Mode ................................................................. 13
User Keyboard Layout............................................................................................. 13
Performance Modes ............................................................................... 14
Solo Mode .............................................................................................. 14
Controls ................................................................................................................... 15
Velocity Switch Effects ............................................................................................ 15
Permanent Effects ................................................................................................... 15
Pedal Switch Effects................................................................................................ 16
Modulation Switch Effects ....................................................................................... 17
Key Switch Effects................................................................................................... 18
MIDI Controller pane (Solo Mode) ........................................................................... 19
Hold button in Solo mode ........................................................................................ 19
Harmony Mode ....................................................................................... 20
Chords Mode.......................................................................................... 21
Controls ................................................................................................................... 22
Bass & Chord Mode ............................................................................... 22
Controls ................................................................................................................... 23
Bass & Pick Mode .................................................................................. 24
Controls ................................................................................................................... 25
Velocity Switch FXs (Harmony, Chords, Bass&Chord, Bass&Pick) ........ 26
MIDI Controllers pane (Chords, Bass&Chord, Bass&Pick) ..................... 27
Silent mode (Chords, Bass&Chord, Bass&Pick) ..................................... 27
2
Main Controls............................................................................................. 28
Left Menu bar ......................................................................................... 28
Output panel ............................................................................................................ 28
Tune panel .............................................................................................................. 28
Setup panel ............................................................................................................. 29
Right Menu bar....................................................................................... 30
Timing panel ............................................................................................................ 30
Mixer panel.............................................................................................................. 30
FX Mixer panel ........................................................................................................ 31
Wah-Wah panel....................................................................................................... 31
Common ................................................................................................ 31
RealRick Effect Table and Description ................................................... 33
MIDI controller additional FXs ................................................................................. 36
Additional FXs found in Chords, Bass&Chords, Bass&Pick modes ........................ 37
Chord Map .................................................................................................. 38
User Chords ............................................................................................... 41
Chord Editor ........................................................................................... 41
PATTERN Global Mode ............................................................................. 43
Using MusicLab Rhythm Pattern Library and Pattern Manager .............. 43
Pattern Manager ..................................................................................... 43
Pattern Manager Window ......................................................................... 43
Finding Pattern in MusicLab Pattern Library ................................................. 44
Auditioning Pattern .................................................................................. 46
Controlling pattern playback ...................................................................... 47
Transferring Pattern to host's MIDI Track..................................................... 47
Using Rhythm Patterns in a MIDI Track ................................................... 48
Controlling pattern playback ...................................................................... 49
Creating Custom Styles for Pattern Library .............................................. 50
Organizing Existing Patterns in Custom Styles ............................................. 50
Creating Custom Patterns ........................................................................ 50
RealRick Stroke Map ............................................................................... 52
Parameter Automation MIDI CC and VST Map ........................................ 53
MIDI CC Automation, value -> parameter map ....................................................... 55
3
JOYSTICK Global Mode ............................................................................ 57
Overview .................................................................................................. 57
Which guitar controller?............................................................................ 57
Connecting Guitar Hero controller to RealRick ......................................... 58
Guitar controller Layout ............................................................................ 59
Buttons functionality ................................................................................................ 59
Basic Techniques: ................................................................................................... 59
Advanced Techniques: ............................................................................................ 60
Joystick Performance Modes ................................................................... 61
ColorTabs mode (manual chord changes) ............................................... 61
Chord Tab ............................................................................................................... 61
ColorTabs Mode Playing Techniques...................................................................... 62
Frets Function. Switching Chords............................................................................ 62
Strum Bar Function. Playing Rhythm ...................................................................... 62
Strum bar Playing Techniques ...................................................................................... 62
Strum ............................................................................................................................ 62
Bass&Strum .................................................................................................................. 62
Picking .......................................................................................................................... 62
String Sequence ........................................................................................................... 63
Creating String Sequence ............................................................................................. 63
Strum bar Function settings .......................................................................................... 64
Strum bar Function remote selection............................................................................. 64
Chord Tab Editor. Creating Chord Tab.................................................................... 64
Assigning chords to Fret schemes ................................................................................ 64
Editing Chord Tab ......................................................................................................... 65
Saving Chord Tab ......................................................................................................... 65
Universal Chord Tab ............................................................................................... 66
SmartStrums mode (automatic chord changes)...................................... 67
Chords..................................................................................................................... 67
Frets Function. Articulating Chords ......................................................................... 67
Position/String layers control: ........................................................................................ 67
Velocity (dynamics) control: .......................................................................................... 68
Strum Bar Function. Playing Rhythm. ..................................................................... 68
SmartStrings mode (automatic chord changes) ...................................... 69
Chords..................................................................................................................... 69
4
Basic Playing techniques ........................................................................................ 69
Producing Hammer-On/Pull-Off .............................................................................. 69
Diatonic Scale for Hammer-Ons/Pull-Offs ..................................................................... 70
Assigning Diatonic Scale............................................................................................... 70
Additional Techniques/Effects/Sounds ................................................... 71
Star Power button FXs (SmartStrings mode) .......................................................... 71
Star Power button FXs (ColorTabs, SmartStrums modes) ...................................... 72
Whammy bar FXs.................................................................................................... 73
Directional pad FXs ................................................................................................. 73
Star Power bonus FXs ............................................................................................ 73
‘On Hold’ bonus FXs (SmartStrings mode) ............................................................. 74
Joystick Global Mode Settings panel ...................................................... 75
Guitar Strokes and Effects available in Joystick mode............................ 77
Joystick Button Map ............................................................................... 78
MIDI GUITAR Global Mode ........................................................................ 80
DIRECT Global mode ................................................................................. 80
Importing/Exporting Global Settings...................................................... 781
(Appendix) MusicLab Universal Chord Tab ............................................. 82
Concept.................................................................................................. 82
Chord Function ........................................................................................................ 82
Universal Chord Tab .............................................................................. 83
Basic Universal Chord Tab ...................................................................................... 83
Practicing Chord Progressions ................................................................................ 84
Chord Progressions................................................................................................. 85
Full Universal Chord Tab......................................................................................... 86
Editing Universal Chord Tab ..................................................................... 88
Contacting MusicLab ................................................................................ 89
5
About the program
RealRick virtual instrument captures the unmistakable sound of a legendary Rickenbacker® 360
electric guitar, which became permanently intertwined with the sound of The Beatles.
RealRick is a sample-based virtual instrument with an innovative approach to guitar sound
modeling and guitar techniques emulated on a standard MIDI keyboard.
RealRick provides incredible playability based on the unique performance modes and easy-to-use
keyboard layout as well as the advanced key/pedal/velocity switch system allowing a keyboardist to
perform guitar parts with a whole new level of realistic expression.
RealRick covers practically all sounds, articulations, and techniques a professional guitarist can
produce on his Rickenbacker®, including mute, bridge mute, harmonics, pinch harmonics, unison
bend, strumming, picking, chord choking, scraping, etc...
24-bit 96kHz high quality dry samples recorded directly from pick-ups let you easily create any
desired guitar sound using your favorite amplifier simulator.
RealRick innovations include:
•
Multi-channel layering technology, incorporating a custom library of specially recorded
samples taken from every fret of all 6 strings of a real guitar.
•
The unique Floating Fret Position technology, which imitates change of fret position of a
guitarist's hand on the neck. This gives you the possibility of playing on up to 140 guitar
frets using just 46 keys of a standard keyboard!
•
Sound Humanize technology allowing to wholly remove 'machine gun' effect on note
repetition (tremolo, strumming, etc…).
•
Our original Guitar Touch technology letting you easily imitate basic guitar techniques
(strumming, plucking, sliding, bending, muting, etc..), using standard MIDI keyboard and
MIDI controllers, such as Pitch Bender, Modulation Wheel, Sustain Pedal, and Aftertouch.
•
Guitar Rhythm Pattern technology providing powerful Pattern Manager completed with
huge MusicLab Guitar Pattern Library for easily creating guitar accompaniment tracks. All
you have to do is to find the appropriate rhythm pattern(s) in the Pattern Manager tree view,
copy it to the needed number of measures, start your sequencer and use MIDI keyboard to
play chord changes, or alternatively add chords to a MIDI track via sequencer's editor.
•
The unique Struminator technology letting you use alternative MIDI controller (standard
Guitar Hero game controller by Activision Inc.) for creating authentic guitar accompaniment
parts with ease and fun.
These technologies allow to closely emulate live guitar sound and performance, letting you create
guitar parts with a whole new level of realistic expression.
6
7
Installing RealRick
Installing RealRick PC version
Double-click RealRick Installer file and follow the on-screen instructions.
At the end of installation process RealRick Bank Manager will open and extract sound bank
optimized for particular sample rate which allows using Quick Load mode realized in RealRick.
In RealRick Bank Manager dialog check the appropriate sample rate box you normally use in your
audio work. Click Apply button to start sound bank extracting. Close Bank Manager when sound
bank installation is completed. Note, that higher sample rate value will install larger target sound
bank.
Important! If Bank Manager window doesn’t open automatically during installation process you
have to run it manually from Start menu->Program Files->MusicLab->RealRick, or alternatively go
to RealRick installation folder (by default: C:\Program Files\MusicLab\RealRick) and double click
StgMan.exe file.
Note that if you want to change sample rate for your audio work you have to run RealRick Bank
Manager and create sound bank optimized for the new sample rate value.
In case your VST plugins folder is not registered correctly RealRick installer will not automatically
install RealRick.dll in the correct folder. So to let your VST host ‘find’ RealRick you have to
manually copy RealRick.dll from RealRick installation folder to your VSTplugins directory.
If your Windows is 64bit, please note of installation folders:
32bit: C:\Program Files (X86)\MusicLab\RealRick
64bit: C:\Program Files\MusicLab\RealRick
Installing RealRick Mac version
Double-click RealRick Installer icon and follow the on-screen instructions.
At the end of installation process RealRick Bank Manager will open and extract sound bank
optimized for particular sample rate which allows using Quick Load mode realized in RealRick.
In RealRick Bank Manager dialog check the appropriate sample rate box you normally use in your
audio work. Click Apply button to start sound bank extracting. Close Bank Manager when sound
bank installation is completed. Note, that higher sample rate value will install larger target sound
bank.
Important! If Bank Manager window doesn’t open automatically during installation process you
have to run it manually - open RealRick installation folder (by default: HD->Applications>RealRick) and double click “StgMan” icon.
Note, that if you want to change sample rate for your audio work you have to run RealRick Bank
Manager and create sound bank optimized for the new sample rate value.
8
Launching RealRick
Launching RealRick as a VST/AU instrument:
1. Open your DAW (host application).
2. Create Software Instrument track.
3. Add RealRick to the track.
4. Open the RealRick window by double-clicking the RealRick button/icon.
Launching RealRick as a standalone version:
In Start Menu go to Programs/MusicLab/RealRick folder and click on the RealRick icon (PC).
Run HD:/Applications/RealRick/RealRick app (Mac).
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RealRick Guitar Patches
RealRick includes 6 guitar patches:
6-string
12-string A
12-string B
6-string (Stereo)
12-string A (Stereo/Mono)
12-string B (Stereo/Mono)
- Mono
- Mono, 3rd string pair tuned in OCTAVE
- Mono, 3rd string pair tuned in UNISON
- full Stereo
- Main (sustain) sound is Stereo, additional sounds are Mono
- Main (sustain) sound is Stereo, additional sounds are Mono
Note, Stereo patches must be used with amp. simulator presets having Stereo input.
About 12-string electric guitar
The 12-string electric guitar has been around for well over 50 years, with the first commercially
produced instrument appearing in 1954 courtesy of Stratosphere, a small company based in
Springfield, Missouri, but the concept really took off in 1963 when Rickenbacker® introduced a
multi-strung equivalent of its 360 semi.
12-string success was soon guaranteed via high-profile use by bands such as The Beatles (heard on
almost every song of Hard Day’s Night album) and The Byrds, heralding an era in the late sixties
when virtually every electric guitar maker offered at least one 12-stringer. Some models prove to be
more short-lived than others, but Rickenbacker’s benchmark status has ensured consistent
popularity and constant production that now spans five decades.
The twelve-string guitar has twelve strings in six courses (pairs). The courses are most often tuned
E-A-D-G-B-E similarly to a six-string guitar. The lowest three courses (E-A-D) are normally tuned
at octaves, while the upper two courses (B-E) are tuned to unison. The G course is either unison or
at octaves.
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RealRick 12-string guitar patches present either types of tuning, that is indicated with A or B
symbol in the patch name.
12-string A and B tuning:
A
1 (e)
2 (B)
3 (G)
4 (D)
5 (A)
6 (E)
unison
unison
octave
octave
octave
octave
B
unison
unison
unison
octave
octave
octave
(6 is the lowest in pitch)
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Virtual Fretboard
In RealRick we have realized the Floating Fret Position principle, which imitates change of fret
position of a guitarist's hand on the neck. This gives a unique possibility of playing on up to 140
guitar frets using just 46 keys of a standard keyboard! This, along with the fact that we have
sampled 22 frets of all six strings for all of our RealRick sounds, allows you to emulate a guitar
performance with maximum sonic accuracy.
In the center of the RealRick window is the virtual Fretboard, one of the important elements of the
plug-in, which allows you to visualize and control the Floating Fret Position while playing the
guitar part.
The Fretboard has a number of functions:
1. Preview - allows audio previewing the loaded guitar patch by simply clicking on strings.
2. Display notes - shows the performed notes (with names) in accordance with visual
representation on the fretboard and real sound (you see the notes displayed on string and fret
of exactly the same sound samples currently playing).
3. Fret Position Auto control (the Auto button is pressed) - realizes automatic fret position
change in Solo and Harmony modes, which moves the ‘Capo’ strip along the Fretboard
depending on the sequence of performed notes.
4. Fret Position Manual control (the Auto button is released) - allows manually changing fret
position by right clicking on any fret. A ‘Capo’ strip will appear on the fretboard, which will
prevent playing samples from any fret lower on the neck than the ‘Capo’ position (except for
the 6th string).
Virtual Keyboard
In the lower part of RealRick window you see a virtual keyboard that visualizes RealRick keyboard
layout (Main and Repeat zones), indicates activated Key Switches in Solo mode, and shows all
MIDI notes incoming to RealRick or played on virtual fretboard with a mouse:
Additionally, virtual keyboard duplicates the external MIDI keyboard input, so everything you can
play by MIDI can be produced on virtual keyboard with a mouse. Shift-clicking will hold down the
pressed key allowing to preview chords/Key Switch FXs.
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RealRick Global Modes
RealRick provides 5 Global Modes implementing different MIDI input methods:
1. MIDI Keyboard - MIDI keyboard/MIDI track input
2. Pattern – automatic accompaniment using rhythm patterns from MusicLab Guitar Pattern
Library
3. Joystick – Guitar Hero game controller input (Struminator technology)
4. MIDI Guitar – normal guitar input via guitar MIDI interface (6 strings to 6 MIDI channels)
5. Direct – works as plain sampler with multi-channel MIDI access to all internal
sounds/noises individually with all intelligent features turned off.
MIDI KEYBOARD Global Mode
User Keyboard Layout
When connected to RealRick MIDI input the external keyboard is divided into 3 zones: Main zone
(E1 - B4), left (C0 - D#1) and right (C5 – C7) Repeat zones.
Main zone
Repeat zone
In Solo mode Main zone extends to C1-D5.
Main zone serves for playing melodic parts (Solo and Harmony modes) and entering chords
(Chords, Bass & Chord, Bass & Pick modes; Joystick SmartStrums, SmartStrings modes).
Any key of the Repeat zone repeats notes and chords played in the Main zone.
This way of keyboard mapping allows you to play guitar parts with 2 hands - you play various notes
or chords in the Main zone with one hand and repeat them by pressing the pre-mapped keys in
Repeat zone with the other hand without changing its position. This is very important for carefully
preserving rhythm pattern accuracy and groove feel.
Using such a performance technique you can easily imitate the most characteristic details of guitar
performance, such as tremolo, strumming, bass and strum, picking on your keyboard making them
sound naturally as if they were played on a real guitar.
Repeat Key zone functions:
13
•
In Solo, Harmony, Chords, and Bass & Chord modes you can repeat notes and chords
played in the Main zone (any white key repeats the full sound, while black key repeats the
muted sound). Also with the keys of Repeat zone you can alternate up/down/muted strokes
to produce strumming and tremolo techniques (C, E, G – trigger up stroke; D, F, A - down
stroke; C#, F#, A# - muted up stroke; D#, G# - muted down stroke) with both single notes
and intervals/chords.
•
In Bass & Chord mode you can trigger Bass I (Root) and Bass II (alternative bass) notes as
well as upper string strums
•
In Bass & Pick mode Repeat keys trigger individual voices (strings) of a chord taken in the
Main zone.
•
In Solo mode Repeat keys, when activated in Key Switch panel, can also be used as Key
Switches to switch on various FXs.
Performance Modes
RealRick MIDI Keyboard Global Mode includes 5 separate guitar performance modes, each of
which is a separate performance tool meant for imitating special guitar performance style:
1. Solo - polyphonic mode for performing melodic parts.
2. Harmony - monophonic mode for performing parallel interval melodic parts.
3. Chords - chord mode for performing accompaniment strumming parts.
4. Bass & Chord - chord mode for performing bass and strum parts.
5. Bass & Pick - chord mode for performing picking/plucking parts.
The performance modes are selected by clicking on a respective tab in MIDI Keyboard Global
mode window:
Solo Mode
Click Solo tab to switch on the Solo performance mode.
Solo mode window
14
Muted sound
Full sound
Muted sound
C1
Full sound
Melody zone
Repeat keys
In this mode the Main zone (E1 – D5) of the keyboard works as a normal polyphonic keyboard,
while both Repeat Key zones (left (C0 - D#1) and right (D#5 – C7)) allow you to repeat notes taken
on the Main zone (white keys repeat full sound; black keys repeat muted sound of the same notes).
Controls
RealRick Solo mode provides you with multiple permanent and switchable controls allowing you to
easily add various specific guitar articulations and effects to your performance.
Velocity Switch Effects
On the left lower part of Solo panel you see Velocity Switch FX section including two FX boxes:
Using the Velocity Switch FX controls, two FXs can be dynamically engaged depending on the
velocity of the MIDI notes played. For low velocity notes, set the numeric box on the left side to
the threshold at which notes played at a lower velocity will trigger the FX selected in the lower FX
selector. For high velocity notes, set the numeric box on the right side to the threshold at which
notes played at a higher velocity will trigger the FX selected in the upper FX selector. As notes are
played below or above the two thresholds, the two FX selector boxes will change to a light grey
color to indicate they are being engaged. As with all FX selectors, each of the two Velocity Switch
FX selector boxes have a FX Enable LED button so you can enable one, both or neither.
Permanent Effects
Permanent FX Box - allows selection of Effect in the pull-down menu and activate it by clicking
on FX Enable LED button in the upper left corner.
15
Slide > Capo - controls the movement of the capo along the fretboard while performing either a
Slide or Hammer-On effect. You can select any of 3 modes in a Slide>Capo combo box:
•
Fixed - Capo is not affected. All notes will be played to the right of Capo position moving
from string to string (except for the notes on the 6th string which the capo does not affect).
•
Ignore - Capo is not affected. Slides ignore Capo position; notes will be performed along
the string moving to another string only in case of reaching first or last fret.
•
Move - Capo moves with Slide or H.O. (Hammer-on) notes along the fretboard.
Legato - enables producing notes played legato within semi-tone or whole-tone from each other
without triggering attacks and being in mono mode (next will mute previous). The effect is as if
the notes were played on the same guitar string when only the first note is picked and the following
notes are played by the left hand alone.
H.O. - enables Hammer-On Effect with automatic Pull-Off on key release, affected note range is
specified (in semi-tones) in numeric box.
Bass Zone - splits the Main Zone of keyboard into two parts to allow individual performance
techniques for each part. The Bass Zone button is toggled on and off. There are two additional
combo boxes to set the lower note (E1, D1 or C1) and the upper note (ranging from E1 to E4) of the
zone. Bass zone notes have a stronger velocity curve and are NOT affected by:
•
Mute keys - this allows performing mutes and repetitions on the notes played outside Bass
zone without cutting bass notes.
•
Velocity Switch FX - this allows applying velocity switches only to notes played outside
Bass zone while playing bass notes without the velocity switch.
Left combo box works independently of Bass zone button and allows Drop D and Drop C tuning in
Solo mode by selecting the D1 or C1 as the lower note for the 6th string.
Pedal Switch Effects
You can trigger various RealRick Effects selected in Pedal Switch FX box by pressing normal
Sustain Pedal controller.
Pedal Switch FX box has five different controls:
•
1-2 Mono LED (On/Off)
•
FX Enable LED (On/Off)
•
FX Selection pull-down menu
•
Toggle LED (On/Off)
•
Sustain LED (On/Off)
16
1-2 Mono:
On - sustains all notes except for the notes played at a semi-tone or whole-tone interval (step-wise
melodic run): the next note 1-2 steps apart mutes the previous one as if played on the same guitar
string, while the thirds and larger intervals are being sustained.
Off - pedal sustains all notes played non-legato, and legato (in the case Hammer-On and Legato
FXs are off).
FX Enable LED indicates if the Pedal FX is enabled or not. When LED is On, the FX is enabled
when the Sustain Pedal is pressed.
FX Selection pull-down menu selects which FX is controlled by the Sustain Pedal.
Toggle:
On - indicates that the FX is toggled on and off each time the Sustain Pedal is pressed.
Off - indicates that the FX is only enabled when the Sustain Pedal is kept pressed. When the Sustain
Pedal is not pressed, the FX is not enabled.
Sustain:
On - indicates that the Sustain Pedal both turns on the FX as well as sustains notes.
Off - indicates that the Sustain Pedal controls only the FX, and no notes are sustained.
Modulation Switch Effects
You can switch on various RealRick Effects selected in Modulation Switch FX box by simply
moving normal Modulation Wheel of your MIDI keyboard. Releasing Modulation Wheel to ‘0’
position turns the Effect off.
Note, when Modulation FX box is activated effect assigned in M.W. box at the right will not work.
17
Key Switch Effects
RealRick numerous guitar Effects can be triggered in Solo mode using the advanced Key Switch
system allowing to assign various FXs on Repeat Zone keys as well as easily create and use custom
presets in RealRick Key Switch panel.
To open Key Switch panel click on Key Switches button on the left lower part of Solo mode
window:
Key Switch panel
You see two columns of FX boxes corresponding to Left and Right Repeat Zone keys (C0-D#1 for
the Left zone, D#5-G6 for the Right zone).
Select Effect for a key in pull-down menu and click FX Enable LED button in the left part of FX
box to activate it. Now pressing the correspondent key of Repeat zone will turn on selected FX, and
change the box color to a light grey to indicate that FX is turned on.
Note, that activating FX Enable LED of any key switch will also be displayed on the RealRick
virtual keyboard. Moreover triggering FX will also change color of a virtual keyboard key to a light
blue, giving you full visual control.
Three small buttons (clickable on/off) at the left of each FX box allow additional control of the Key
Switch and FX:
‘T’ button (‘toggle’):
On - indicates that the FX is toggled on and off each time the key switch is pressed (releasing the
key is ignored).
Off - indicates that the FX is only enabled while the key is kept pressed (releasing the key turns the
FX off).
18
‘K’ button (‘key through’) - when activated allows to switch FX and let the key switch
simultaneously function as normal Repeat key (white for Full sound, black for Muted sound).
‘S’ button (‘sustain’) adds sustain function to FX, similar using the Sustain Pedal.
Note, Right Key Switches (Right Repeat zone) are ‘toggles’ by default, while Left Key Switches
(Left Repeat zone) are not.
You can save all setting made in Key Switch panel as user presets for future use.
To create a preset, click on Preset combo box to activate Edit mode, type in the preset name, and
press Enter on computer keyboard. Preset will be saved within RealRick and added to Preset list.
To delete preset simply click on Delete icon at the right.
MIDI Controller pane (Solo Mode)
Velo curve - select the output velocity curve for your performance by pressing one of 4 buttons.
You can assign various guitar effects to standard MIDI controllers:
•
P.B. Up (Pitch Bender, upper combo box) - Off, Pitch, Slide, VeloAdd, MonoBend,
Sustainer (triggers Sustainer FX simultaneously with pitch shifting).
•
P.B. Down (Pitch Bender, lower combo box) - ‘same as Up’, Pitch, Slide, VeloAdd,
MonoBend, Sustainer (triggers Sustainer FX simultaneously with pitch shifting).
•
M.W. (Modulation Wheel) - Pitch, Slide, Modulation.
•
A.T. (After Touch) - Pitch, Modulation, Sustainer, FeedBacker.
In the combo box to the right adjust the maximum range of pitch shifting/sliding (in semi-tones).
Modulation envelope is adjusted in Tune panel (Left Menu bar in the upper left corner of RealRick
window).
Hold button in Solo mode
In Solo mode the Hold button works differently from the other modes, where it actually substitutes
the Sustain Pedal. In Solo mode when Hold button is on, any pressed and held key can be used for
sustaining the following notes.
19
Harmony Mode
Harmony mode window
In this monophonic mode any key of the Main zone triggers an interval/chord based on the played
note, previously chosen from following options: 4th down, 5th up, Octave (up), Power Chord 1 (5th
+ 4th up), Power Chord 2 (4th + 5th up), 2 octaves (up).
The keys of both Repeat zones (left and right) allow you to repeat the interval taken in the Main
zone (white keys repeat full sound, while black keys repeat muted sound of the same notes).
Muted sound
Full sound
Muted sound
C1
Full sound
Melody zone
Repeat keys
20
Chords Mode
Chords mode window
In this mode RealRick detects the chord played in the Main zone of the keyboard (the root note and
the name of the chord appear on the black info screen), builds a guitar version of the chord
considering the selected Chord position and current position of a ‘Capo’ strip on the Fretboard, and
finally plays it using a down strum technique.
Any key of Repeat zone repeats the whole chord played in the Main zone: black keys play muted
strums, while white keys play strums when the chord is still held and muted strums when the keys
in the Main zone are released. Up and down strums are triggered by neighboring keys for both
white and black keys of the Repeat zones, like C1 - up strum, D1 - down strum, C6 – down strum,
B5 - up strum and so on.
Muted strum
Strum
Muted strum
C1
Strum
Chord detect
(down strum play)
Repeat keys
21
Controls
Chord position - selects the melodic position range for the built chords.
I
- the highest note is between E3 and G#3
II
- the highest note is between G3 and B3
III
- the highest note is between A#3 and D4
IV
- the highest note is between C#4 and F4
Kbd- the melodic position range of the built chord depends on the octave position of the chord
taken in the Main zone of the keyboard (with borders between E and E of the next octave).
User Chords - opens Chord Editor.
Upper/Lower Strings - allow disabling upper and/or lower strings in chords, so you can pare your
strums down to any five, four, three, two or just a single string by selecting the first available
string# in upper/lower numeric boxes (e.g. selecting 2/5 will disable the 1st and 6th strings in the
strums).
Chord/Bass - switches on the X/Y chord detect mode letting you construct major/minor triad
chords with any desirable note in the Bass, e.g. A/G (A major chord over G bass) for G-A-C#-E
voicing, D/F# (D major chord inversion with F# bass note) for F#-A-D voicing, F/G (F major chord
over G bass) for G-A-C-F voicing, etc…
Bass & Chord Mode
Bass & Chord mode window
In this mode RealRick detects the chord taken in the Main zone of the keyboard, builds its guitar
version and plays its Root note (Bass I) only. The Repeat zone keys now have the following
functions:
•
C5 triggers Bass I (Root note).
22
•
D5 triggers Bass II (Alternative bass, usually the 5th degree of the chord).
The rest of the keys in both right and left Repeat zones trigger up and down strums of the upper
strings of the chord, black keys perform muted strums of the same strings).
Muted strum
Strum
Muted strum
I II
C1
Bass
Strum
Chord detect
(bass play)
Repeat keys
Controls
Chord position - selects the melodic position range for the built chords.
User Chords - opens Chord Editor
Number of Strings - specifies the number of sounding strings in chords triggered by Repeat zone
keys.
Chord/Bass - switches on the X/Y chord detect mode letting you construct major/minor triad
chords with any desirable note in the Bass.
Alter Bass - automatically alternates between Bass I and Bass II when the same chord is taken in
the Main zone.
Bass Mono - mutes Bass I note when the next Bass II is played.
23
Bass & Pick Mode
Bass & Pick mode window
In this mode RealRick identifies the chord taken in the Main zone, builds its guitar version and
plays only its Root note (Bass I).
The Repeat zone keys trigger each voice of the chord separately, just as if you'd play it string-bystring on real guitar in the following way:
•
C5 triggers Bass I (Root note)
•
D5 triggers Bass II (alternative bass)
•
E5 triggers 4th string
•
F5 triggers 3rd string
•
G5 triggers 2nd string
•
A5 triggers 1st string
The other keys function as chosen in the Add-on string keys combo box.
The keys of the left Repeat zone strum 4 upper voices of the chord (black keys perform muted
strums).
Add-on keys
Strum
Muted strum
I II 4 3 2 1
C1
Bass
Chord detect
(bass play)
String keys
24
Controls
Chord position - selects the melodic position range for the built chords.
User Chords – opens Chord Editor
Add-on string keys:
•
Unison - doubles some strings for making single-string tremolo performance easy: C#5 Bass II, D# 5 - 4th string, F#5 - 2nd string, G#5, A#5, B5, C6 - 1st string.
•
Chromatic - sets the Add-on string keys to play notes one semi-tone down from their
respective string voices: C#5 - a semi-tone down from Bass II, D#5 – a semi-tone down
from 4th string, F#5 - a semi-tone down from 2nd string, G#5 - a semi-tone down from 1st
string; however A#5 - C6 add a semi-tone each to the sound of 1st string.
•
Mute - all add-on keys trigger Muted chord.
Chord/Bass - switches on the X/Y chord detect mode letting you construct major/minor triad
chords with any desirable note in the Bass.
Alter Bass - automatically alternates between Bass I and Bass II when the same chord is taken in
the Main zone.
Bass Mono - mutes Bass I note when the next Bass II is played.
25
Velocity Switch FXs (Harmony, Chords, Bass&Chord, Bass&Pick)
There are a number of guitar effects automatically triggered by note velocity values employed in
RealRick:
•
Slow Strum on Higher Velo - in all chordal modes you can set a velocity value, after which
the program will perform slow strum when playing a chord in the Main zone.
•
Slow Strum on Lower Velo - in the same way you can set a velocity value below which the
program will perform slow strum when playing a chord in the Main zone.
• Slide up - slides up to taken note(s).
• Slide down (Fall) - slides down from taken note(s).
You can set the following independent parameters for each effect:
•
Velo (input velocity threshold).
•
Time (effect duration).
• Steps (range in semi-tones).
26
MIDI Controllers pane (Chords, Bass&Chord, Bass&Pick)
Velo curve – select the output velocity curve for your performance by pressing one of 4 buttons
You can assign various guitar effects to standard MIDI controllers:
•
P.B (Pitch Bender) - Pitch, Slide, VeloAdd.
•
M.W. (Modulation Wheel) - Pitch, Slide, Modulation.
•
A.T. (After Touch) - Pitch, Modulation.
In the combo box to the right adjust the range of the effect (in semi-tones).
Modulation envelope is adjusted in Tune panel (Left Menu bar in the upper left corner of RealRick
window).
•
Pedal – you can use Sustain Pedal to switch various effects on:
o Sustain - normal sustain mode.
o ChuckaFull - switches on ChuckaFull FX.
o ChuckaMutes - switches on ChuckaMutes FX.
o ChuckaMute Sust - switches on ChuckaMutes FX, simultaneously sustains the
sound.
o Open Strings Lock - switches on Open Strings Lock FX (open strings used in the
current chord will stay in voicings of the next chords, until the FX is Off).
o 4 Wah-Wah modes - each mode parameters can be modified individually in WahWah setup panel (Right Menu bar in the upper right corner of RealRick window).
Silent mode (Chords, Bass&Chord, Bass&Pick)
All chordal modes allow to use ‘silent’ mode by activating Silent mode button. When Silent mode
is on, the keys in the Main zone don’t make any sound, they just define the chords; all strumming
and picking is done with keys in the Repeat and Pattern zones. You can use this option any time
you want to control chord definition and strumming/picking independently.
27
Main Controls
Left Menu bar
In the Left Menu bar you can get access to 3 panels to make global settings: Output panel, Tune
panel, and Setup panel.
Output panel
Volume (+10/-30db) - adjust output volume.
EQ - adjust internal equalizer parameters:
• High (+/- 10db).
• Low (+/- 10db).
Tune panel
Pitch - adjust the master pitch:
•
Coarse (+/-12 semitones).
•
Fine (+/-100 cents).
Modulation - adjust the modulation envelope affected by Modulation controller (MIDI CC#1):
•
Depth (0-100%).
•
Freq (0.2 – 8.0 Hz).
•
Sync LED button (on/off) - when activated the modulation rate will be synched with host’s
tempo.
•
Duration combo box - select note duration value in pull-down menu to match modulation
rate you need.
28
Setup panel
Keyboard range (C0- C7) - set the range of your keyboard.
Chord Detect time (0-50ms) - set the suitable delay for detecting chords taken in chord modes.
Display chords (#/b) - select sharps or flats for the chord names.
P.B. and M.W. on pressed keys - when activated allows to polyphonically use Pitch Bend,
Modulation Wheel, and Aftertouch controllers with Sustain Pedal, i.e. the controllers will affect
only on actually pressed note(s), while other note(s) being sustained with a Pedal but physically
released will stay untouched. When turned off all controllers work normally.
Q.Load - pressing Quick Load button allows to quickly load samples and drastically save RAM.
Reset - resets all modified parameters in all modes to their factory values.
Output mode – select between Audio, MIDI, Both options.
Using MIDI Out functionality, the actual MIDI output, including arpeggios, patterns, and strums
generated by notes you play in the "Repeat Zones", can be played back through any other synth or
sampler. Most (but not all) DAWs that support MIDI input from a virtual synth support recording
its MIDI output as well.
Here are a few reasons you might want to take advantage of MIDI Output functionality:
1. To double the RealRick sound with another synth/sampler
2. To replace your guitar part with another sound altogether
3. To generate a MIDI file that's readable by your notation program
The "Audio/MIDI/Both" options are important, and as follows:
•
Audio: You'll hear the RealRick samples only, just as you would if you weren't sending
MIDI Out to your synth.
•
MIDI: You'll hear only the synth being driven by the MIDI output from RealRick. The
RealRick samples will not sound.
•
Both: You'll hear both the RealRick samples and the synth being driven by the MIDI output
from RealRick.
Select "MIDI" or "Both" to take advantage of MIDI Out functionality.
29
Right Menu bar
In the Right Menu bar you can get access to Timing panel, 2 Mixer panels, and Wah-Wah Effect
setting:
Timing panel
Strum time (20-60ms) - adjusts the time between the notes played in the strumming chords
(Harmony, Chords, and Bass & Chord modes) as well as delay for more than one note played
simultaneously in Solo and Bass & Pick modes.
Attack time (0-100%) - allows shortening/lengthening the attack of a sound. The shortest (0%)
gives smaller latency, but sounds less natural.
Release time (50-200%) - adjusts how long the note sounds after releasing the key (MIDI note
end).
Mixer panel
2 Mixer sections allow adjusting the volume of various noise effects and additional sounds that
form the modeled guitar sound.
Noises:
•
Fret - volume and on/off of a fret noise.
•
Release - volume and on/off of a release noise.
•
Pick - volume and on/off of additional pick noise.
Sounds:
•
Mute - volume of muted sound triggered by Repeat zone keys and used as FX.
•
Slow Strum - volume of Slow Strum sound (Velocity switch FX in chordal modes).
•
Switch FX - volume of all additional sounds (Key/Pedal switch FXs in Solo mode).
30
FX Mixer panel
FX Mixer panel lets you adjust volume for all FX sounds/noises individually.
Wah-Wah panel
Wah-Wah panel allows switching on Wah-Wah Effect, as well as selecting any of 4 Wah-Wah
modes available in RealRick and adjust parameters for each mode.
Press FX Enable LED in the upper left corner to switch on the Wah-Wah Effect.
Select Wah-Wah mode in a combo box:
MIDI CC - Wah frequency center is controlled by MIDI CC (set the needed CC# in numeric box),
adjust Filter quality (Qual), lowest frequency (Freq), highest frequency (Freq (max)).
Auto Positive - Automatic Wah effect with positive filter envelope, adjust effect Depth, Frequency
and filter Quality.
Auto Negative - Automatic Wah effect with negative filter envelope, adjust effect Depth,
Frequency and filter Quality.
Modulation - you can adjust filter Quality (db), lower Frequency (Hz), modulation Depth (%),
modulation Phase (°), modulation Rate (Hz, as well as sync the rate to host’s tempo and select note
duration in pull-down menu), select Trigger mode with on/off clickable LED.
Common
Hold (on/off) - actually substitutes the Sustain Pedal in all modes, except for the Solo.
In Solo mode when Hold button is on, any pressed and held key in the Main zone can be used for
sustaining the following notes.
31
Auto (on/off) - toggles between Auto and Manual mode of Floating Fret Position. Auto works only
in melodic modes (Solo, Harmony). Manual mode allows changing the fret position by rightclicking on the Fretboard.
Accent High (0-127) - adjusts the velocity threshold between hard and hardest performance
dynamics.
Accent Low (0-127) - adjusts the velocity threshold between soft and hard performance dynamics.
Alter samples (1-5) - provides 5 positions of randomly alternating samples while performing
repetitive notes (position 1 provides up to 3 different samples, while position 5 provides up
to 10 different samples).
32
RealRick Effect Table and Description
Tapping
Mute
Bridge Mute
Harmonics
Pinch Harmonics
Scrapes
Legato (1-2 Steps)
HammerOn (Legato)
Slide (Legato)
Repetition (NoteOff)
Tremolo
Tremolo 1-beat
Trill
Trill 1-shot
Slide Up
SlideUp (trigger)
Slide Down (Fall)
SlideDown (trigger)
Bend
Reverse Bend
Unison Bend
Hold (1-2 Steps Mono)
Interval
Fret Position
PickPosition
String select
Wah-Wah
Violining
Sustainer (trigger)
FeedBacker (trigger)
Chucka FullRange
Chucka MuteKeys
Chucka VeloLayers
Mode Toggle
velo>
velo<
MonoBend (Lower note bend)
VeloAdd (Velocity +/- control)
Open Strings Lock**
Slow Strum**
Effect, Key/Pedal/Mod.Wheel switch
Effect, Key/Pedal/Mod.Wheel/Velocity Switch
Effect, Key/Pedal/Mod.Wheel/Velocity Switch
Effect, Key/Pedal/Mod.Wheel/Velocity Switch
Effect, Key/Pedal/Mod.Wheel/Velocity Switch
Effect, Key/Pedal/Mod.Wheel/Velocity Switch
Effect, Key/Pedal/Mod.Wheel Switch
Effect, Key/Pedal/Mod.Wheel/Velocity Switch
Effect, Key/Pedal/Velocity Switch
Key/Pedal/Velocity Switch
Effect, Key/Pedal/Velocity Switch
Effect, Key/Pedal/Velocity Switch
Effect, Key/Pedal/Velocity Switch
Effect, Key/Pedal/Velocity Switch
Key/Pedal/Mod.Wheel/Velocity Switch*, P.Bender
Key Switch
Key/Pedal/Mod.Wheel/Velocity Switch*, P.Bender
Key Switch
Key/Pedal/Velocity Switch
Key/Pedal/Velocity Switch
Key/Pedal/Mod.Wheel/Velocity Switch
Effect, Key Switch
Effect, Key/Pedal/ Mod.Wheel/Velocity Switch
Mouse*, Key/Pedal Switch
Mouse*, Key/Pedal Switch
Key Switch
Effect*, Key/Pedal*/Mod.Wheel Switch
Effect, Key/Pedal/Mod.Wheel Switch
Key/Pedal Switch, P.Bender
Key/Pedal/Mod.Wheel Switch, P.Bender, AfterTouch
Effect, Key/Pedal* Switch
Effect, Key/Pedal* Switch
Effect, Key/Pedal/Mod.Wheel/Velocity Switch
Key/Pedal/Mod.Wheel Switch
Key/Pedal/Velocity Switch
Key/Pedal/Velocity Switch
P.Bender, Mod.Wheel
P.Bender
Pedal Switch
Velocity Switch
All FXs are available in Solo mode except for the marked:
* - available in Chords, Bass&Chord, Bass&Pick modes as well.
** - available only in Chords, Bass&Chord, Bass&Pick modes.
33
Tapping FX reduces initial sound attack and allows to produce legato Hammer-Ons/Pull-Offs both
lower and higher the held note within 24 semitone range. Works in monophonic mode with initial
note and Hammer-Ons/Pull-Offs played on the same string.
Mute FX - left-hand muted sound for notes in the Main zone. Note that the volume of the Mute FX
is controlled by Mixer > Sounds > Mute slider.
BridgeMute FX - sound muted near the guitar bridge for notes in the Main zone. It is a similar
effect to Mute FX, however produces a slightly different sound. Note that the volume of the
BridgeMute FX is controlled by FxMixer > Bridge Mute slider.
Harmonics FX - chromatic Artificial Harmonic sound for notes in the Main zone. Note that the
volume of the Harmonics FX is controlled by FxMixer > Hrmnx slider.
PinchHarmonics FX - non-chromatic Pinch Harmonic sound for notes in the Main zone. Note that
the volume of the PinchHarmonics FX is controlled by FxMixer > Pinch Hrmnx slider.
Scrapes FX - 46 different string scrapes, each controlled by the different notes in the Main zone
ranging from E1 to C#5. Note that the volume of the Scrapes FX is controlled by FxMixer >
Scrapes slider.
HammerOn (Legato) FX produces Hammer-On/Pull-Off articulation. Hammer-On and Pull-Off
guitar effects enable the playing of grace notes, mordents, trills with a single pick (and single initial
attack). With Hammer-On enabled, press and hold a single key. When a second key is played, it
plays without the initial attack and stops the first note. While continuing to hold the first key,
release the second key and the first note is played again without the initial attack. When the second
key is played higher than the second key, this is typically called a hammer-on. If the second key is
lower than the first key, this is typically called a pull-off. The Hammer-On effect has a numeric box
allowing the user to select in semi-tones the greatest distance between the first and second note
played to be triggered with the Hammer-On/Pull-Off effect.
Slide (Legato) FX produces sliding articulation between two notes played legato (glissando with
initial attack on the first note only). The Slide FX numeric box controls the maximum number of
semi-tones between two notes that the slide FX will occur. The Slide FX slider controls the speed of
the slide.
Repetition (NoteOff) FX automatically plays additional same note(s) on key(s) release allowing to
produce semi-automatic tremolo with easy dynamics control.
Tremolo FX plays the note(s) repeatedly with the base speed provided by the Tempo setting (is
synched with host’s tempo). Multiples above the Tempo setting are controlled by the Tremolo FX
pull-down menu with choices of 4th, 4T (triplet), 8th, 8T, 16th, 16T, 32nd, 32T, 64th, and 64T note
durations. Note that while Tremolo FX is enabled any secondary notes played are sustained for as
long as the first note is played.
Tremolo 1-beat FX works similar Tremolo FX but plays number of notes fitting in one beat of a
measure before sustaining. The speed is controlled by the Tempo setting (is synched with host’s
tempo).
Trill FX plays a continuous trill for as long as the note(s) is held. The Trill FX numeric box
specifies (in semi-tones above the note(s) played) the interval of the trill. The speed of the trill is
controlled by the Tempo setting and the Trill FX pull-down menu with choices of 4th, 4T (triplet),
8th, 8T, 16th, 16T, 32nd, 32T, 64th, and 64T note durations.
Trill 1-shot FX plays a mordent ahead of the note(s) played. The Trill 1-shot FX numeric box
specifies (in semi-tones above the note(s) played) the interval of the mordent. The speed of the
mordent is controlled by the Tempo setting and the Trill 1-shot FX pull-down menu with choices of
4th, 4T (triplet), 8th, 8T, 16th, 16T, 32nd, 32T, 64th, and 64T note durations.
34
SlideUp FX articulates automatic slide up TO the note(s) played. The SlideUp FX numeric box
specifies (in semi-tones) the interval to start the slide from. The SlideUp FX slider controls the
speed of the slide.
SlideUp (trigger) FX triggers automatic slide up FROM the sustaining note(s). Velocity of trigger
key affects slide dynamics.
SlideDown FX articulates automatic slide down FROM the note(s) played. The SlideDown FX
numeric box specifies (in semi-tones) the destination interval for the slide. The SlideDown FX
slider controls the speed of the slide.
SlideDown (trigger) FX triggers automatic slide down FROM the sustaining note(s). Velocity of
trigger key affects slide dynamics.
Bend FX articulates automatic bend up TO the note(s) played. The Bend FX numeric box specifies
(in either 1 or 2 semi-tones) the interval to start the bend from. The Bend FX slider controls the
speed of the bend.
ReverseBend FX articulates automatic ‘pre-bend and release’ down to the note(s) played. The
ReverseBend FX numeric box specifies (in either 1 or 2 semi-tones) the interval to start reverse
bend from. The ReverseBend FX slider controls the speed of the bend.
UnisonBend FX articulates two notes played, one being the played on the Main zone, and the
second one starting from one or two semi-tones below is bent up to the note played. The
UnisonBend FX numeric box controls if the second bent note starts from one or two semi-tones
below. The UnisonBend FX slider controls the speed of the bend.
Hold FX provides sustain effect similar to the Sustain Pedal.
Interval FX plays additional note(s) to the one played in the Main zone. Interval FX pull-down
menu options are: mono, 4th down, 5th up, Octave up, Power (5th + 4th up), Power2 (5th + 4th up),
2 Octaves up, Power Oct (two power chords in octave) and Power 2 Oct (two power chords 2 in
octave). Note that when Interval FX is enabled, the keyboard is in monophonic mode and only a
single key can be played at a time.
FretPosition FX controls the Capo along the fretboard. The FretPosition FX pull-down menu
option of “D#5 … C6” allows the Capo to be controlled by the 10 Right Repeat keys starting from
D#5, up to C6 selecting the 18th fret. The FretPosition FX pull-down menu option of “Open" forces
the Capo to remain open. The remaining pull-down menu options select one of the 18 frets (frets
numbers marked with *, or ** correspond to the frets marked on the RealRick fretboard).
PickPosition FX controls the position of the pick on the strings to provide different sound (farther
or closer to the bridge). The PickPosition numeric box ranges from -7 to +7. The Pick Position
can also be changed via the main RealRick window by clicking and dragging the pick between the
pickups on the high E-string.
String Select Fx allows to manually select the needed string, which lets you play as many notes on
the selected string as possible for the string range.
Wah-Wah FX provides a traditional guitar wah-wah pedal effect. The Wah-Wah FX pull-down
menu options for control are: MIDI-Control, Auto Positive, Auto Negative and Modulation. WahWah FX parameters can be modified in the Wah-Wah panel accessible from Right Menu bar in the
upper right corner of the RealRick window.
Violining FX provides a volume swell with a smooth attack. The Violining FX slider controls the
swell time.
Sustainer (trigger) FX triggers a ‘sustainer’ effect for any notes currently being played in the Main
zone. The sound swells with every key press and can sustain as long as you trigger the effect.
35
FeedBacker (trigger) FX triggers a harmonic feedback for the note(s) being played in the Main
zone (for the last in time pressed note in case of a chord). The FeedBacker FX pull-down menu
provides the following harmonic selections: 8 (octave), 5’ (octave and a fifth), 8’ (two octaves), 5’’
(2 two octaves and a fifth), 8'' (three octaves), and 5’’’ (three octaves and a fifth).
ChuckaFull FX provides muted chords in 4ths (so called, chucks) played in the Main zone which
emulates ‘chucka-chucka’ guitar technique. Main zone is in mono mode with each key triggering
individual chord/fret. With notes played from E3 and higher, ChuckaFull FX chords will move
higher with each increased semi-tone along the fretboard. Right Repeat zone keys repeat the chords
played in Main zone and can alternate between two string groups: D#5 through F#5 trigger lower
strings (5-4-3 strings), and G5 and higher trigger upper strings (3-2-1 strings). Left Repeat keys
(D#1 and lower) repeat the last layer produced in Right Repeat zone.
ChuckaMuteKeys FX provides muted chords in 4ths with Black Repeat (Mute) keys (Main zone
and white keys of Repeat zone continue to work normally). Right Repeat zone Mute keys can
alternate between two string groups: D#5 through F#5 trigger lower strings (5-4-3 strings), A#5 and
higher trigger upper strings (3-2-1 strings), and Left Mute keys (D#1, C#1, etc..) repeat the last
layer produced in Right Repeat zone.
ChuckaVeloLayers FX provides muted chords in 4ths played in the Main zone similar to
ChuckaFull FX, however can produce 3 velocity controlled string groups by any key of the whole
range. Low velocity strokes trigger 5-4-3 string layer, middle velocity strokes trigger 4-3-2 strings
layer, while high velocity strokes trigger 3-2-1 string layer (the higher velocity value - the higher
string group is triggered).
Mode Toggle FX toggles from Solo mode to Chords, Bass&Chord, or Bass&Pick mode, and back
to Solo.
Velo > FX activates higher Velocity Switch FX selected in Higher Velocity Switch box.
Velo < FX activates lower Velocity Switch FX selected in Lower Velocity Switch box.
MIDI controller additional FXs
MonoBend FX (Pitch Bender and Modulation Wheel) applies pitch bending: a) only to the lowest
of simultaneously played notes, b) only to the first bent and held note, allowing to emulate guitar
specific single-string bending techniques: Unison Bend, Bend/Release combined with sustained
note(s), etc…
Example 1 - assign MonoBend to P.Bender, press and hold 2-3 notes in Main zone, them move
P.Bender - only the lower note will be bent (if you then move P.Bender back while holding all
played notes only the first note will be affected).
Example 2 - assign MonoBend to P.Bender, play a note, move P.Bender to bend the note, then
holding the first note bent play the second note higher or lower the first one - next note(s) will play
their real pitch (if you then move P.Bender back while holding all played notes, only the first
previously bent note will be affected).
VeloAdd FX (Pitch Bender) allows continuous adding/reducing velocity value (+/-) to the played
notes.
Slide FX (Pitch Bender and Modulation Wheel) allows manual articulation of Up/Down slides
from/to played note(s).
36
Additional FXs found in Chords, Bass&Chords, Bass&Pick modes
Slow Strum on Higher Velo (Velocity Switch FX) - in all chordal modes you can set a velocity
value, after which slow strum will be performed when playing a chord in the Main zone.
Slow Strum on Lower Velo (Velocity Switch FX) - in the same way you can set a velocity value
below which slow strum will be perform when playing a chord in the Main zone.
Slide up (Velocity Switch FX) produces automatic slide up TO the played note/chord.
Slide down (Velocity Switch FX) produces automatic slide down (Fall) FROM the played chord.
Open Strings Lock (Pedal Switch FX) - in case open strings are used in a chord (such as A Open,
E Open) they will be engaged (locked) while other strings will play the notes of the further chords.
When Open Strings Lock FX is turned on the further chords played with upper note higher than
E3 will automatically move chord position up along the fretboard.
Note, that if Modulation FX box is activated, the effect selected in M.W. (Modulation Wheel) box
will not work.
37
Chord Map
RealRick can detect 30 chord types.
The following chart lists the available chord types and the degrees unnecessary for chord detection
that you can omit while entering chords.
Chord type
ma
6
add9
sus4
sus2
6/9
maj7
maj9
maj7(b5)
maj7(#5)
m
m6
m(add9)
m7
m(maj7)
m7(b5)
m9
m7(11)
7
7sus4
7(b5)
7(#5)
9
9sus4
7(b9)
7(#9)
9(b5)
7(add13)
dim7
aug
Can be omitted
V, III
V
V, V+III
V
V
V
V
III,
V
VII, V
V, III+V
V
V
V
V
V
III, VII, III+VII
-
All chords except ma6, min6, min7(11), ma6/9 are detected in all inversions and note combinations.
38
C
C6
Cadd9
Csus4
Csus2
C6/9
Cmaj7
Cmaj9
Cmaj7(b5)
Cmaj7(#5)
Cm
Cm6
Cm(add9)
Cm7
Cm(maj7)
Cm7(b5)
Cm9
Cm7(11)
C7
C7sus4
C7(b5)
C7(#5)
C9
C9sus4
39
C7(b9)
C7(#9)
C9(b5)
C7(add13)
Cdim7
Caug
1-note chord detect system also included:
C7
Cm
Cm7
- obligatory
- can be omitted
40
User Chords
Chord Editor allows to easily change any factory chord to any fingering you want, and save edited
chords within User Chord banks for future use.
Being in any chordal mode click User Chords button to open Chord Editor window:
Chord Editor window
Chord Editor
Select chord you want to edit by pressing keys on external MIDI keyboard, or by selecting
Root/Type/Bass/Position in chord select boxes
Editing chords
•
•
•
•
Click on fret to change/insert a note
Click Compare button to compare edited and initial chord
Click Add/Apply button to add edited chord to current bank
Click Delete button to remove the selected chord from current Bank.
41
Note, that any User Chord lowest note will be used as Bass I Stroke for Pattern, Bass&Pick, and
Bass&Chord layouts, regardless of Root note in the chord name.
Auditioning chords
a) Press button with speaker icon
Small button at the right with a dot symbol activates Auto audition mode (any loaded or selected
chord will be played automatically).
b) Right-click fretboard and strum strings with a mouse.
Saving User Chord Bank
Press Save button, or rename bank and press Enter to save chord bank to Chord Library.
Delete Bank from Library by pressing ‘Delete icon’.
All user chord names will be displayed with ‘*’ symbol in the Info bar.
User Chords view
In the right part of Editor window you see the list of all user chords of all Banks you've created
(except for current Bank selected in Bank view at the left), which allows you to compare edited
chord fingerings from different Banks, as well as copy any user chord from one Bank to another by
simply selecting chord in User Chord view list and pressing Add button.
Note, the Bank you select in User Chord Bank combo box will be used for all modes working with
chords.
Exporting/Importing User Chord Banks
You can export/import single Chord Banks as well as the whole User Chord Library by clicking
button with triangle icon and selecting the appropriate item in pop up menu:
If you want any Bank to load as default every time you run the plug-in, load the bank and check
‘Set as default’ item in popup menu.
42
PATTERN Global Mode
Using MusicLab Rhythm Pattern Library and Pattern Manager
MusicLab Rhythm Pattern Library is a unique collection of 1250 guitar accompaniment rhythm
patterns classified by various musical categories, such as meter, music style, guitar technique,
rhythmic feel, tempo range.
Using the prerecorded rhythm patterns of MusicLab Pattern Library you can quickly create
professionally sounding guitar accompaniment tracks for your songs. Then all you have to do is to
choose the appropriate pattern(s) in RealRick Pattern Manager, copy them to your host sequencer's
MIDI track, start sequencer and play chord changes on a MIDI keyboard, or alternatively enter
chords to a MIDI track using sequencer's editor.
Pattern Manager
RealRick is equipped with powerful multi-functional built-in Pattern Manager allowing to easily
audition rhythm patterns of MusicLab Pattern Library, quickly find the ones matching your musical
needs, as well as drag'n'drop/export the chosen patterns directly to the host's MIDI track to use with
your song.
Pattern Manager Window
Click Pattern button to switch on the Pattern Global mode and get access to Rhythm Pattern Library
and Pattern Manager.
Pattern mode window
Within Pattern Global mode you can select any of Performance modes (Solo, Harmony, Chords,
Bass&Chord, or Bass&Pick) by pressing the appropriate performance mode button. Note, that you
can use rhythm patterns with all performance modes, the mode selection depends on what harmonic
part you want to play with the rhythm patterns:
•
Select Chords, Bass&Chord, Bass&Pick modes for automatically constructed guitar
chords
•
Select Harmony mode to perform intervals with strumming patterns
•
Select Solo mode to perform your own chords with strumming or picking patterns
43
Click the arrow button in the upper left corner to open Pattern Library tree view.
Finding Pattern in MusicLab Pattern Library
Rhythm patterns are organized within Pattern Library tree view by Category folders and Style
subfolders including sets of MIDI patterns. The name of each folder/subfolder contains short
musical information helping you to quickly find patterns matching your song.
For instance:
Category name - Basic Strumming:
- includes a number of guitar strumming Styles
Style name - 4'4_Basic_S_8th_90-250:
- contains Basic style rhythm patterns in 4'4 meter (_4'4_Basic_) featuring strumming technique
(_S_) and 8th note rhythm feel (_8th_), usable within the 90-250 bpm tempo range (_90-250).
Library Tree view. Style folder
44
To read the details about ML Pattern library right-click on Pattern Library root folder, and select
View Info item in popup menu.
To read the additional information about Styles included with the Category right-click on Category
folder and select View Info item in popup menu:
Selecting Category and Style
To find the appropriate pattern set in Pattern Library tree view choose Category folder and doubleclick the folder name to get access to the included Styles. Click the appropriate Style name to load
the available pattern set to Pattern List pane.
Pattern List
All patterns of ML Pattern Library have unique names containing brief information as well, so you
can easily identify them when using outside the Style folder.
For instance:
Pattern name - S13_Basic_4'4
- indicates strumming technique used (S), pattern number (13_), and Style name (Basic_4'4)
Selecting pattern
Click on pattern name in the list to select it - pattern rhythmic contents will appear in Pattern view
and it is ready to play.
Pattern view graphically presents measures/beats as well as guitar 'Strokes' used in the current
rhythm pattern. Differently colored 'Piano Roll' type bars and their vertical position allow to easily
identify the stroke types: green bars present Full strums, red ones present Muted strums, blue ones
45
present Slow strums, light green bars present Top strums, brown ones present individual 'string'
picks (up strums bars of the same stroke type are in higher position than down strums):
Strumming Pattern
Picking Pattern
Auditioning Pattern
Host sequencer in stop mode (or RealRick in standalone run)
Press chord on your MIDI keyboard to trigger pattern playback that will be visualized by position
cursor moving along the Pattern view. Pattern will perform your chord(s) until you release the keys.
Pattern stops when you release the keys and starts from the beginning when you press chord again.
Pattern will continue playing if you change chords legato way (if at least one key is constantly
pressed).
Press Latch button or MIDI Sustain Pedal to turn pattern playback to 'Latch' mode - in that case
pattern will continue playing the last chord even if you release all chord keys.
Host sequencer in playback mode
Start your host sequencer. Now pattern will 'silently' follow host's playback until you press chord on
a MIDI keyboard (or alternatively insert chord changes to MIDI track). Releasing chord keys mutes
the performance. Pressing chord again will continue pattern playing in synch with your host’s
tempo/beats.
Press Latch button or Sustain Pedal to turn pattern playback to 'Latch' mode - in that case pattern
will continue playing the last chord even if you release all chord keys.
Note, that using sequencer in playback mode allows you to easily choose pattern(s) for your song
by previously entering chords to a MIDI track and selecting patterns in Pattern Manager 'on the fly'
along with the song.
46
Controlling pattern playback
Dynamics control
Pattern Manager has powerful real time velocity control options allowing to drastically change
pattern performance:
Velo add - add/reduce velocity
Chord - check to apply velocity of trigger chord to pattern dynamics (+/- velocity)
P.B. - check to assign +/- velocity to Pitch Bender controller for continuous dynamics changes
Random (velocity) - check to switch randomization on
Click Pattern Settings button (the one at the right w/three dots picture) to adjust randomization
parameters:
•
min box - minimum deviation range
•
max box - maximum deviation range
•
strength (%) - sensitivity of randomization, at 100% all pattern notes will be randomized
Tempo Control
Pattern Manager takes tempo value from the host sequencer, but you can make it twice lower or
higher by simply selecting the appropriate item in Tempo combo box:
Transferring Pattern to host's MIDI Track
If you want to use more than one rhythm pattern for your song you have to copy the chosen patterns
from Pattern Manager to MIDI track of your host sequencer. There are two ways to do that:
Drag'n'Drop Pattern
The simplest way to copy pattern to MIDI track is to drag'n'drop the selected pattern directly from
Pattern view. To do this click on Pattern view and drag the pattern to the needed measure of a MIDI
track.
47
You can automatically multiply pattern by the appropriate number of cycles if you previously set
the desired number of repetitions in D’n’D Repeat box found on Pattern Settings panel:
Note. Velo add and Random parameters will be also applied to the exported pattern (MIDI file).
Import Pattern to MIDI Track
If your host doesn't support drag'n'drop MIDI data you can previously drag out pattern from Pattern
view directly to Windows – it will be exported as a Standard MIDI file, and then import it to your
sequencer. In Mac version: right-click on Pattern view and select 'Export to Desktop' in pop up
menu. Alternatively you can import pattern right from RealRick installation folder (by default:
C:/Program Files/MusicLab/RealRick/Loops/Pattern Library), but in that case you get single
original pattern and you have to multiply it manually in a MIDI track of your host.
Using Rhythm Patterns in a MIDI Track
When the appropriate rhythm patterns for your song parts are successfully found in Pattern Manager
and copied to the host's MIDI track, press Track button to cancel pattern loaded in Pattern Manager
(it will be grayed out) and work with pattern on MIDI track only.
There are two ways of creating guitar part with the help of rhythm patterns playing from MIDI track
to RealRick: real-time and non real-time methods.
1. Non real-time method
•
Create MIDI track for chords, output it to RealRick, and enter chord changes for you guitar
part (step record chords from your MIDI keyboard or manually enter notes via sequencer’s
editor)
•
Start your sequencer to listen to the ready part.
2. Real-time method
•
Create MIDI track for chords, output it to RealRick
•
Start sequencer and play/record chord changes to RealRick from your MIDI keyboard
Real-time method is more intuitive and allows to control pattern playback adding various
expressive adjustments to the performance.
48
Controlling pattern playback
You can control pattern playing from MIDI track with the help of chords played on a MIDI
keyboard by pressing and releasing keys, using Latch button (or Sustain Pedal), and also by
triggering Slow Strum (Velocity Switch FX).
Latch Mode (Sustain Pedal)
With Latch button disabled pattern will play only while you are holding the chord on your MIDI
keyboard, and it will be muted when you release the keys. This allows you to play guitar pattern
here and there along with the song. With Latch button (or Sustain Pedal) pressed pattern will
continue playing even if you release the keys.
Slow Strum
Use Slow Strum velocity switch FX to add syncopes and accents to pattern playback:
•
Temporarily mute pattern by triggering Slow Strum (the time window can be adjusted by
'SlowZone' Automation parameter)
•
Completely stop pattern by triggering Slow Strum and quickly releasing the keys (to stop
Slow Strum sound press the Mute key (Black) of the left Repeat zone). To continue pattern
playback press the chord again.
Note. With Latch button (Sustain Pedal) pressed you can't completely stop pattern by triggering
Slow Strum and releasing the keys.
49
Creating Custom Styles for Pattern Library
Organizing Existing Patterns in Custom Styles
You can create your own pattern sets by copying the favorite patterns taken from the ML Pattern
Library and organizing them as custom Styles within Library tree view for future use:
•
Select pattern you are going to copy to your new Style - it will appear in Pattern view
•
Right-click on a Category folder or Style subfolder of the Tree view and select Add Style in
pop up menu. Name the newly created empty folder (the Pattern List pane will be empty)
•
Press 'Add' button under Pattern List pane to copy the current pattern to your new Style
folder
•
Find and audition other patterns, and copy them one by one to the new Style using the same
method
You can also delete/rename Style folders by right-clicking on it and selecting the appropriate item
in popup menu.
Creating Custom Patterns
RealRick rhythm patterns are single track Standard MIDI files (SMF format 0) recorded with
special Stroke Map notes, so advanced users can edit the existing patterns or create their own
patterns from scratch in the host's MIDI track, and then save/export them as SMF directly to Pattern
Library folder for future use (C:\Program Files\MusicLab\RealRick\Loops).
Guitar Stroke Map incorporated in RealRick allows to use up to 22 MIDI notes in the lowest octave
range (from C#-2 to A#-1) for emulating a number of guitar techniques (Strokes) within a MIDI
rhythm pattern. So you can use the Stroke Map notes for creating your own rhythm patterns
including various guitar 'Strokes', such as chord strums (up/down), slow strums (up/down),
individual string picks, bass note pick, muted strums (up/down), chord slides (using chromatic
strums), etc.
50
Strumming Pattern in MIDI track
51
RealRick Stroke Map
Note #
Note name
Stroke name
22
A#-1
"Slow Upstrum"
21
A -1
"Slow Downstrum"
20
G#-1
"Muted Upstrum"
19
G -1
"Muted Downstrum"
18
F#-1
"Full Upstrum"
17
F -1
"Full Downstrum"
16
E -1
"Full Downstrum 1 semi-tone lower"
15
D#-1
"Full Downstrum 2 semi-tones lower"
14
D -1
"Full Downstrum 3 semi-tones lower"
13
C#-1
"1st string"
12
C -1
"2nd string"
11
B -2
"3rd string"
10
A#-2
"4th string"
09
A -2
"Bass I"
08
G#-2
"Bass II"
07
G -2
"Muted Top Upstrum"
06
F#-2
"Muted Top Downstrum"
05
F -2
"Top Upstrum"
04
E -2
"Top Downstrum"
03
D#-2
"Top Downstrum 1 semi-tone lower"
02
D -2
"Top Downstrum 2 semi-tones lower"
01
C#-2
"Top Downstrum 3 semi-tones lower"
Top strum - strum on the 3-4 higher strings (Bass strings omitted)
52
Parameter Automation MIDI CC and VST Map
RealRick
MIDI CC #
VST name
Output
Volume
EQ, High
EQ, Low
MIDI Out, select
7
29
30
Volume
EQ-High
EQ-Low
Outmode
Tune
Pitch, Coarse
Pitch, Fine Tune
Modulation, Depth
Modulation, Freq
12
13
14
15
PtchCrse
PtchFine
ModDepth
ModFreq
Mixer
Mixer_Muted_sound, Volume
Mixer_Slow_Strum, Volume
Mixer_Switch_FX, Volume
Mixer_FretNoise, on/off,
Mixer_FretNoise, Volume
Mixer_ReleaseNoise, on/off
Mixer_ReleaseNoise, Volume
Mixer_Pick/Noise, on/off
Mixer_Pick/Noise, Volume
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
MxMuted
MxSlStrm
MxKeyFx
MxFrtN_
MxFrtNse
MxRelN_
MxRelNse
MxPckN_
MxPckNse
Wah-Wah
Wah-Wah, On/Off
Wah-Wah_mode, select
47
46
WahOnOff
WahMode
Common
Alter_sample, mode
Accent_High_Threshold
Accent_Low Threshold
Performance_Mode, select
Pattern mode on/off
Release_Time
Attack_Time
Strum_Time
Pick_Position, select
Fret_Position, select
Auto_Fret_Position, on/off
Hold, on/off
52
51
53
54
16
55
49
56
50
78
79
64
AltSmple
VelTrshH
VelTrshL
Mode
PattrnOn
RlseTime
AtckTime
StrmTime
PickPos
FretPos
AutoFret
Hold
Controllers
Pitch_BenderUp, Mode
Pitch_BenderDown, Mode
PBender_to_Slide, Range
57
48
58
PBupMode
PBdnMode
PBSldRng
53
PBender_to_Pitch, Range
Modulation_Wheel, Mode
ModWheel_to_Slide, Range
ModWheel_to_Pitch, Range
Aftertouch, Mode
Aftertouch_to_Pitch, Range
Velocity_Curve, select
59
60
61
62
75
76
77
PBPtcRng
WhMode
WhSldRng
WhPtcRng
AtchMode
AtchRng
VelCurve
Velocity Switch FX (non-Solo)
Velo_Switch_Slide_mode, select
VelSw_SlideUp, Velo
VelSw_SlideUp, Steps
VelSw_SlideUp, Time
VelSw_SlideDown, Velo
VelSw_SlideDown, Steps
VelSw_SlideDown, Time
Slow_Strum_on_high_velo, select
Slow_Strum_HighVel, Velo
Slow_Strum_HighVel, Speed
Slow_Strum_on_low_velo, select
Slow_Strum_LowVel, Velo
Slow_Strum_LowVel, Speed
85
86
87
88
89
90
102
112
113
114
115
116
117
VelSlide
SldUpVel
SldUpStp
SldUpTim
SldDnVel
SldDnStp
SldDnTim
SlStrmHi
SlStrHVe
SlStrHSp
SlStrLow
SlStrLVe
SlStrLSp
Mode Controls
Silent Mode, on/off
Chord Position, select
Chords/Bass, on/off
Alter_Bass, on/off
Bass_Mono, on/off
Chords_Strings, Upper, select
Chords_Strings, Lower, select
Bass&Chord_mode_Strings#, select
Harmony_Mode_Interval, select
Solo_FX_HammerOn, select
Solo_FX_HammerOn, Steps
Solo_Legato, on/off
Solo_BassZone, on/off
Solo_BassZone, rangeHigh
Solo_BassZone, rangeLow
Slow Strum time zone (Pattern)
Pattern, Track mode on/off
110
111
80
118
119
6
3
9
31
35
36
18
40
41
44
120
17
Silent
ChordPos
ChrdBass
ChdAltBs
ChdMnoBs
ChdStrU
ChdStrL
BnCStr#
HrmIntr1
SolFxHO
HOSteps
Legato
BassZone
BasRngUp
BasRngDn
Slowzone
TrackMod
54
MIDI CC Automation, value -> parameter map
CC#3, ChdStrL
0-13 -->
1
13-38 -->
2
39-63 -->
3
64-88 -->
4
89-114 -->
5
115-127 -->
6
CC#6, ChdStrU
0-13 -->
1
13-38 -->
2
39-63 -->
3
64-88 -->
4
89-114 -->
5
115-127 -->
6
CC#9, BnCStr#
0-21 -->
2
22-63 -->
3
64-105 -->
4
106-127 -->
5
CC#31, HrmIntrl
0-9 -->
4th down
10-27 -->
5th up
28-45 -->
Octave
46-63 -->
Power1
64-81 -->
Power2
82-127 -->
2 Octave
CC#36, HOSteps
0-5 -->
1
6-17 -->
2
18-28 -->
3
29-40 -->
4
41-51 -->
5
52-63 -->
6
64-75 -->
7
76-86 -->
8
87-98 -->
9
99-109 -->
10
110-121 -->
11
122-127 -->
12
CC#48, PBdnMode
0-10 -->
As up
11-31 -->
Off
32-52 -->
Slide
53-74 -->
Pitch
75-95 -->
VeloAdd
96-116 -->
MonoBend
117-127 -->
Sustainer
CC#50, PickPos
0-4 -->
-7
5-13 -->
-6
CC#12, PtchCrse
0-2 -->
-12
3-7 -->
-11
8-13 -->
-10
14-18 -->
-9
19-23 -->
-8
24-29 -->
-7
30-34 -->
-6
35-39 -->
-5
40-44 -->
-4
45-50 -->
-3
51-55 -->
-2
56-60 -->
-1
61-66 -->
0
67-71 -->
1
72-76 -->
2
77-82 -->
3
83-87 -->
4
88-92 -->
5
93-97 -->
6
98-103 -->
7
104-108 -->
8
109-113 -->
9
114-119 -->
10
120-124 -->
11
125-127 -->
12
CC#13, PtchFine
64-127 -->
0-(+100c)
64
-->
0
0-64 -->
0-(-100c)
CC#46, WahMode
0-22 -->
MidiCC
23-63 -->
Auto(Pos)
64-86 -->
Auto(Neg)
87-127 -->
Modulation
CC#52, AltSmple
0-15 -->
1
16-47 -->
2
48-79 -->
3
80-111 -->
4
112-127 -->
5
CC#58, PBSldRng
0-5 -->
1
6-17 -->
2
18-28 -->
3
29-40 -->
4
41-51 -->
5
52-63 -->
6
64-75 -->
7
76-86 -->
8
87-98 -->
9
99-109 -->
10
CC#41, BassRang
0-1 -->
E1
2-5 -->
F1
6-8 -->
F#1
9-12 -->
G1
13-15 -->
G#1
16-19 -->
A1
20-22 -->
A#1
23-26 -->
B1
27-29 -->
C2
30-33 -->
C#2
34-37 -->
D2
38-40 -->
D#2
41-44 -->
E2
45-47 -->
F2
48-51 -->
F#2
52-54 -->
G2
55-58 -->
G#2
59-61 -->
A2
62-65 -->
A#2
66-68 -->
B2
69-72 -->
C3
73-75 -->
C#3
76-79 -->
D3
80-82 -->
D#3
83-86 -->
E3
87-89 -->
F3
90-93 -->
F#3
94-97 -->
G3
98-100 -->
G#3
101-104 -->
A3
105-107 -->
A#
108-111 -->
B3
112-114 -->
C4
115-118 -->
C#4
119-121 -->
D4
122-125 -->
D#4
126-127 -->
E4
CC#60, WhMode
0-15 -->
Off
16-47 -->
Slide
48-79 -->
Pitch
80111 -->
Modulation
112-127 -->
MonoBend
CC#62, WhPtcRng
0-4 -->
12
5-13 -->
11
14-22 -->
10
23-31 -->
9
55
14-22 -->
-5
23-31 -->
-4
32-40 -->
-3
41-49 -->
-2
50-58 -->
-1
59-68 -->
0
69-77 -->
1
78-86 -->
2
87-95 -->
3
96-104 -->
4
105-113 -->
5
114-122 -->
6
123-127 -->
7
CC#54, Mode
0-12 -->
Solo
13-37 -->
Harmony
38-63 -->
Chords
64-88 -->
BassChord
89-114 -->
BassPick
115-127 -->
Direct
CC#57, PBupMode
0-12 -->
Off
13-38 -->
Slide
39-63 -->
Pitch
64-88 -->
VeloAdd
89-114 -->
MonoBend
115-127 -->
Sustainer
CC#78, FretPos
0-3 -->
0
4-10 -->
1
11-17 -->
2
18-24 -->
3
25-31 -->
4
32-38 -->
5
39-45 -->
6
46-52 -->
7
53-59 -->
8
60-67 -->
9
68-74 -->
10
75-81 -->
11
82-88 -->
12
89-95 -->
13
96-102 -->
14
103-109 -->
15
110-116 -->
16
117-123 -->
17
124-127 -->
18
110-121 -->
11
122-127 -->
12
CC#59, PBPtcRng
0-4 -->
12
5-13 -->
11
14-22 -->
10
23-31 -->
9
32-40 -->
8
41-49 -->
7
50-58 -->
6
59-68 -->
5
69-77 -->
4
78-86 -->
3
87-95 -->
2
96-104 -->
1
105-113 -->
1/2
114-122 -->
1/4
123-127 -->
1/8
CC#61, WhSldRng
0-5 -->
1
6-17 -->
2
18-28 -->
3
29-40 -->
4
41-51 -->
5
52-63 -->
6
64-75 -->
7
76-86 -->
8
87-98 -->
9
99-109 -->
10
110-121 -->
11
122-127 -->
12
CC#85, VelSlide
0-31 -->
off
32-95 -->
up
96-127 -->
down
CC#87, SldUpStp
0-5 -->
1
6-17 -->
2
18-28 -->
3
29-40 -->
4
41-51 -->
5
52-63 -->
6
64-75 -->
7
76-86 -->
8
87-98 -->
9
99-109 -->
10
110-121 -->
11
122-127 -->
12
32-40 -->
8
41-49 -->
7
50-58 -->
6
59-68 -->
5
69-77 -->
4
78-86 -->
3
87-95 -->
2
96-104 -->
1
105-113 -->
1/2
114-122 -->
1/4
123-127 -->
1/8
CC#75, AtchMode
0-15 -->
Off
16-47 -->
Pitch
48-79 -->
Modulation
80-111 -->
Sustainer
112-127 -->
Feedbacker
CC#76, AtchRng
0-15 -->
2
16-47 -->
1
48-79 -->
1/2
80-11 -->
1/4
112-127 -->
1/8
CC#77, VelCurve
0-21 -->
1
22-63 -->
2
64-105 -->
3
106-127 -->
4
CC#90, SldDnStp
0-5 -->
1
6-17 -->
2
18-28 -->
3
29-40 -->
4
41-51 -->
5
52-63 -->
6
64-75 -->
7
76-86 -->
8
87-98 -->
9
99-109 -->
10
110-121 -->
11
122-127 -->
12
CC#111, ChordPos
0-15 -->
I
16-47 -->
II
48-79 -->
III
80-111 -->
IV
112-127 -->
Kbrd
56
JOYSTICK Global Mode
Joystick Global mode window
Overview
The most popular guitar accompaniment technique is chord strumming.
All virtual instruments, including the guitar ones, are intended to use with keyboard controllers.
Unfortunately physical aspects of piano playing technique do not allow to naturally emulate right
hand up/down movements of guitarist, which makes it extremely difficult to perform authentic
guitar strumming rhythms on a keyboard. On the other part even the entry-level guitarist can easily
master basic strumming on his guitar, though facing another difficulty - time-consuming course of
learning myriad of chord fingerings, as well as painful physical training to properly press strings
with the left hand fingers.
Fortunately with our unique Struminator technology implemented in RealGuitar/Strat/LPC/Rick
Joystick mode, allowing using alternative guitar-shaped MIDI controller for chord strumming, the
problem's gone. It successfully combines the convenience of RealRick chording system with the
ease of normal guitar right hand strumming technique.
Joystick mode utilizes two-hand playing principle very close to guitar playing technique:
•
Switching chords/strings with left hand (pressing and holding down Fret buttons)
•
Strumming chords/strings with the right hand (pressing Strum bar down/up)
•
Articulating chords/strings (releasing Frets to cut off a chord/note as it is playing)
•
Playing Muted chords/notes (pressing Strum bar with all Frets released)
Which guitar controller?
PlayStation 3 Guitar Hero World Tour/Guitar Hero 5 guitar controller is the best fully functional
device to use both on Mac and PC (used on our Demo videos).
Note, no game console needed, only USB wireless receiver.
Other PS3 Guitar Hero guitar models will work as well, but they differ in Star Power (BACK)
button appearance, and doesn't have Slider bar. Star Power (BACK) button is multi-functional in
Joystick mode layout, so its shape, location, and pressing force is important for the playability of
the controller.
57
All in all any Guitar Hero controller model allows to perform basic techniques with Fret buttons and
Strum Bar, though limited in functionality.
Connecting Guitar Hero controller to RealRick
After installing RealRick:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Plug the USB wireless receiver/dongle of the guitar controller into USB and connect it with the
controller
Run your DAW and check if ‘Game controller’ input appears among its MIDI IN devices
Run RealRick instrument in the DAW
Create MIDI track and output it to RealRick
Select Omni MIDI input for this track to get MIDI both from guitar controller and your MIDI
keyboard. In case your DAW doesn’t support MIDI Omni input you have to create two MIDI
tracks outputted to the same RealRick instance, one for game controller input and second for
MIDI keyboard input
In RealRick window press Joystick button to switch on the Joystick mode
To check the correct connection: pressing Fret buttons on the guitar controller should light up the
appropriate virtual Fret buttons, as well as lifting/lowering the controller fretboard should change
value displayed in the Tilt box:
58
Guitar controller Layout
Star Power
(BACK) button
Strum Bar
Tilt
Frets
Start
buttons
Slider Bar
Directional Pad
Tilt
Whammy Bar
Buttons functionality
Basic Techniques:
Frets (Fret buttons)
•
•
•
Press/release to switch/articulate chords (ColorTabs, SmartStrums modes), strings
(SmartStrings mode)
Tap to trigger switchable Harmonics FX
Control chord position/string layers, or dynamics (SmartStrums mode)
Strum bar
•
•
•
Press down/up to trigger strums/mutes/string picks
Hold to switch on Harmonics FX for Fret taps
Hold to switch on Hammer-On/Pull-Off for legato Fret taps (SmartStrings mode)
Tilt sensors (lifting/lowering the fretboard)
•
•
•
Control dynamics (add/reduce output velocity of all Strokes/FXs)
Switch on the assignable ‘Star Power on Tilt’ FXs (SmartStrings mode)
Switch on ‘Modulation on Hold’ FX (SmartStrings mode)
59
Advanced Techniques:
Whammy bar
•
•
Press to produce pitch bending, or
Press to switch on the assignable Strokes/FXs
Star Power (BACK) button
•
•
•
•
Press to trigger assignable Strokes/FXs
Produce Accent (add velocity) for any assigned Stroke/FX
Hold to switch on Harmonics FX for Fret taps/Strum bar assignable Strokes
Press w/o Frets to trigger Mutes or Scrapes
Slider bar (sensor pads)
•
Touch/slide to trigger individual strings
Directional pad
•
Press to the right or left to switch on Harmonics FX for Fret taps, or to navigate through
String Sequences list (ColorTabs, SmartStrums modes)
START buttons (remote control)
While holding down Frets press START button for:
a) selecting Chord Position
(1+2) + Start => Position I
(2+3) + Start => Position II
(3+4) + Start => Position III
(4+5) + Start => Position IV
b) selecting Strum bar Function (ColorTabs, SmartStrum modes)
1 + Start => Strum
2 + Start => Bass&Strum
3 + Start => Picking 1
4 + Start => Picking 2
5 + Start => Picking 3
60
Joystick Performance Modes
Press Joystick button to switch on the Joystick Global mode:
Joystick mode includes three basic Playing Modes: ColorTabs, SmartStrums, and SmartStrings
utilizing different methods of switching chords (manual or automatic) and playing rhythm with the
Strum bar.
ColorTabs mode (manual chord changes)
Chord Tab
Press ColorTabs tab to switch on the ColorTabs mode
ColorTabs mode window
In the lower part of ColorTabs window you see a set of chord cells presenting various Fret schemes
with a chord name on each cell. In fact the cells are chord fingerings allowing to switch chords by
pressing various Fret button combinations. Each set is saved as individual Chord Tab within the
internal Chord Tab Library.
Load Chord Tab from the Tabs list (the default Tab is loaded on switching on the ColorTabs mode):
61
ColorTabs Mode Playing Techniques
Frets Function. Switching Chords
In this mode Fret buttons are used to switch and articulate chords.
To switch a chord press Fret buttons combination on guitar controller corresponding to the needed
chord cell, and then press Strum bar to play the chord. Release Frets to mute the sound.
Follow fret schemes displayed on chord cells to switch between chords available in the current
Chord Tab.
Strum Bar Function. Playing Rhythm
Pressing Strum bar down/up lets you perform chord switched with Fret buttons using various guitar
techniques: Strum, Bass&Strum, and Picking.
Select the playing technique in Strum bar Function menu:
Strum bar Playing Techniques
Strum
Pressing Strum bar Down/Up triggers DownStrum/UpStrum of the chord switched by Frets.
Pressing Strum bar Down/Up with all Frets released triggers Muted Strums Down/Up of the last
played chord.
Bass&Strum
Strum bar Down triggers Bass I once on chord change and/or after you release all Fret buttons, and
will continue triggering DownStrums of the same chord until you change the chord or release Fret
buttons.
Activating Alt.Bass button allows to automatically alternate between Bass I and Bass II with each
Strum bar Down.
Strum bar Up triggers UpStrums all the time.
Picking
With Picking function Strum bar works differently, according to its name.
Strum bar Down triggers Bass I of the current chord all the time.
Activating Alt.Bass button allows to automatically alternate between Bass I and Bass II.
Strum bar Ups sequentially trigger individual strings (chord voices) in the order specified by
selected String Sequence. Click on Sequence combo box to select String Sequence in the popup list:
62
Selecting String Sequence
String Sequence
String Sequence is a special tab presenting the order of strings you can pick step-by-step with
every Strum bar Up stroke. For instance:
3-1-2 sequence will trigger 3rd string-> 1st string-> 2nd string picking pattern.
Continuous Strum bar Ups will cycle String Sequence until you press Strum bar Down which will
trigger Bass I note and reset String Sequence to the first step.
Creating String Sequence
String Sequence is a plain text data included in Sequences.txt file (found in the installation
directory):
You can open/save this file in any text editor and easily edit/create your own picking patterns by
simply typing the needed string numbers in a row separated by ‘-’ symbol.
You may use Bass I and Bass II picks in a Sequence by entering B1, B2 symbols, as well as 2 or
more simultaneous string picks within single step by entering string numbers in square brackets
with ‘+’ symbol between them:
3-[1+2] sequence will trigger 3rd string->1+2 strings picking pattern.
If you name the Sequence you’ll see its name instead of row of numbers in the Sequences popup
list. To do this simply type the name in braces at the right, e.g.:
3-1-2-3-1 {Easy arpeggio} will show up in the menu list as ‘Easy arpeggio’.
63
Strum bar Function settings
Note, that each of 5 Strum bar Function selections, Strum, Bass&Strum, Picking1, Picking2,
Picking3 has independent settings, automatically saved within the engine on going to another
function or mode, and are saved within the DAW project as well.
Strum bar Function remote selection
You can remotely select Strum bar Playing Technique directly from the guitar controller by holding
different Frets and pressing START button:
1 + START -> Strum
2 + START -> Bass&Strum
3 + START -> Picking 1
4 + START -> Picking 2
5 + START -> Picking 3
Chord Tab Editor. Creating Chord Tab
Press Edit button (the one with a pencil picture) to open Chord Tab Editor window showing 31 cells
with all possible Fret combinations:
Chord Tab Editor
Assigning chords to Fret schemes
Click on the chord cell with the needed Fret scheme to select it.
Select Root note, chord type, /Bass note, Chord Position in the appropriate chord boxes, and full
chord name will appear on the cell:
64
Assign as many chords as you need for the song (up to 31 available)
Editing Chord Tab
Tab Editor allows to copy/paste, clear, disable single chords, re-order, transpose and change
position for all chords from the right-click context menu:
/Note, that disabled cells will be greyed out and displayed only in Tab Editor/
Saving Chord Tab
Click on Tabs combo box, type in the name and press Enter to save your Tab (or simply press Save
icon). To delete Chord Tab press Delete button:
Save, Delete buttons
You can import/export single Chord Tab or the whole Tab Library using File button (the one with
triangle icon):
65
Transposing Chord Tab (automated)
To transpose all chords of the TAB simply press/enter the appropriate MIDI note in Repeat zone (C
through B):
C
=> 0
C#
=> +1
D
=> +2
D#
=> +3
etc.
Universal Chord Tab
For Joystick (Struminator) mode fans we have developed a Universal Chord Tab letting you
perform guitar accompaniments to countless simple songs in ANY key within the single Chord Tab,
using just 5 Fret buttons of guitar controller for chord changes.
In addition to Strum bar guitar performance techniques implemented in RealRick the Universal
Chord Tab turns Guitar Hero game controller into a new harmonic musical instrument for
performing song backgrounds, as well as a powerful song-writing tool for your future masterpieces.
For details refer to the Appendix section, MusicLab Universal Chord Tab.
66
SmartStrums mode (automatic chord changes)
Press SmartStrums tab to switch on the SmartStrums mode:
SmartStrums mode window
Chords
Insert chords in a MIDI track and chord changes will automatically sent to RealRick engine along
with the song, so you simply play rhythm with Strum bar and articulate current chord with Fret
buttons.
You may need to shift chord track or single chords ahead to anticipate chord changes when playing
rhythm.
If you want to use /Bass chords in a song enter Bass note octave or more lower basic chord notes to
let chord detect engine interpret such a chord as /Bass chord.
Frets Function. Articulating Chords
In addition to articulating (sustain/release) chords Fret buttons may control either Chord
Position/String layers, or Velocity (dynamics) of articulated chords at your choice.
Position/String layers control:
Fret 1
Fret 2
Frets (1+2)
= Position I, lower strings
= Position I, upper strings
= Position I, full chord
Frets (2+3)
Fret 3
= Position II, full chord
= Position II, upper strings
Frets (3+4)
Fret 4
= Position III, full chord
= Position III, upper strings
Frets (4+5)
Fret 5
= Position IV, full chord
= Position IV, upper strings
Lower and upper strings strums can be triggered by Strum bar with Strum function only.
67
Velocity (dynamics) control:
Any single Fret articulates full chord in current chord position
Fret 5 adds velocity, while Frets 3, 2, and 1 proportionally reduce velocity of played chords
Strum Bar Function. Playing Rhythm.
In SmartStrums mode Strum bar works exactly the same way as in ColorTabs mode.
Refer to ColorTabs mode, ‘Strum bar Function. Playing Rhythm’ Chapter.
68
SmartStrings mode (automatic chord changes)
Press SmartStrings tab to switch on the SmartStrings mode:
SmartStrings mode window
Chords
Insert chord changes in a MIDI track and they will be automatically sent to RealRick engine along
with the song.
Basic Playing techniques
Press Frets to select strings you want to play (Frets from left through right correspond to Bass I-4th3rd-2nd-1st strings).
Play selected string(s) by pressing Strum bar.
Holding any Fret allows to sustain next played strings, while releasing the initial Fret will cut off all
sustaining notes.
Pressing Strum Bar with released Frets triggers muted sound of previously played note(s)
Producing Hammer-On/Pull-Off
SmartStrings mode not only allows you to play chord notes (voices) by triggering different strings
with Strum bar, but diatonic (non-chordal) notes as well using Hammer-On/Pull-Off techniques.
Click Hammer-On on Hold LED to activate it:
To produce Hammer-On:
•
•
•
•
Press and hold Fret to select a string
Press Strum bar to trigger selected string(s)
While holding down Strum bar and Fret, tap the right neighbor Fret to trigger Hammer-On
While holding down Strum bar, release the newly tapped Fret to trigger Pull-Off to the
initial chord note
To produce Pull-Off:
•
•
•
Press and hold Fret to select a string
Press Strum bar to trigger selected string(s)
While holding down Strum bar and Fret, tap the left neighbor Fret button to trigger Pull-Off
69
•
While holding down Strum bar release the newly tapped Fret to trigger Hammer-On to the
initial chord note
Diatonic Scale for Hammer-Ons/Pull-Offs
Hammer-Ons and Pull-Offs trigger diatonic (non-chordal) notes which are the nearest to the initial
chord note (upper for Hammer-On and lower for Pull-Off). To let the engine ‘know’ non-chordal
notes you must previously assign the appropriate major or minor diatonic scale for the whole song
or for the groups of chords if needed.
E.g. you have C-Dm-G7 chord sequence. Assigning C major scale for the chord group you’ll get the
following Hammer-Ons for each chord note:
C chord: C->D, E->F, G->A
Dm chord: D->E, F->G, A->C
G7 chord: G->A, B->C, D->E, F->G
Pull-Offs will use the same diatonic notes but lower the initial chord notes
Assigning Diatonic Scale
There are two ways to assign diatonic scale, Manual and Automatic:
1. Manually select Root note and scale type for the entire song in the Scale combo boxes:
2. If you need various scales within the song you can use MIDI CC Automation to change root
note and scale type in the needed measure(s) of the song
Automating Root note selection:
MIDI CC#91 values to Root note (C through B, by tens)
1-9
=C
10-19 = C#(Db)
20-29 = D
30-39 = D#(Eb)
etc..
Automating scale type selection:
MIDI CC#92 values to scale type (by tens)
1-9
= major
10-19 = minor
70
Additional Techniques/Effects/Sounds
While main buttons, Frets and Strum bar allow to easily articulate chords and chord notes, and
produce basic playing techniques, you can use other buttons and controls implemented in Guitar
Hero controller to improve the performance by adding a number of effects and sounds.
Star Power button FXs (SmartStrings mode)
Star Power (global):
•
•
•
•
•
•
Slide Up - triggers automatic slide up TO the played note(s)
Slide Down - triggers automatic slide down FROM the played note(s)
Bend - triggers automatic bend up TO the played note(s)
Reverse Bend - triggers automatic bend down TO the played note(s)
Unison Bend - triggers automatic Unison Bend TO the played note(s)
Slow Strum - triggers Slow Strum of the current chord
Star Power on Tilt:
•
•
hi - triggers the selected FX with the fretboard position higher the value set in Tilt numeric
box
lo - triggers the selected FX with the fretboard position lower the value set in Tilt numeric
box
Star Power on Hold:
When activated lets you tap Harmonics with Frets while holding Star Power (BACK) button
pressed.
71
Star Power button FXs (ColorTabs, SmartStrums modes)
Star Power:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
As Strum bar - duplicates Strum Bar, letting you produce Accent stroke
Slow Strum - triggers Slow Strum
Bass I - triggers Bass I of current chord
Lower Strings - triggers lower string strum of current chord
Slide 1 - triggers automatic 1-step slide up to current chord
Slide 2 - triggers automatic 2-step slide up to current chord
Bass I + String 1 - triggers Bass I and string 1 simultaneously
Star Power on Hold:
•
•
•
•
Off - disabled
Harmonics - holding Star Power (BACK) lets you tap Harmonics with Frets
Slow Strum - holding Star Power (BACK) lets you play Slow Strum Down/Up with Strum
bar
Lower Strings - holding Star Power (BACK) lets you play Lower String Strum Down/Up
with Strum bar
Timing Controls:
You can adjust Slow Strum time and Slide time for Strokes assigned on Star Power (BACK) button
with the appropriate control:
72
Whammy bar FXs
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Off - disabled
Pitch Up 1 - Pitch bend up to semitone
Pitch Up 2 - Pitch bend up to 2 semitones
Pitch Down 1 - Pitch bend down to semitone
Pitch Down 2 - Pitch bend down to 2 semitones
Modulation - switches on Modulation CC
Harmonics - switches on Harmonics FX playable by Fret taps
Slow Strum - switches on Slow Strum FX playable by Strum bar
Accent - switches on the Accent stroke playable by Strum bar (set Accent velocity value in
Settings panel)
Directional pad FXs
•
Harmonics (all modes) - pressing Directional pad to the left or right switches on Harmonics
FX playable by Fret taps
•
Sequence Select (ColorTabs, SmartStrums modes) - pressing Directional pad to the right or
left navigates through String Sequences list (available only for Strum bar Picking function)
Star Power bonus FXs
•
Scrapes on kick (all modes) - allows to trigger Scrapes FX with Star Power (BACK) button
when no Frets are pressed
•
Change Position (SmartStrings mode) - lets you play Stroke with Star Power (BACK)
button and simultaneously change chord position up or down depending on what Fret is
being pressed:
o Position Up with 5th Fret (Orange) pressed
73
o Position Down with 1st Fret (Green) pressed
On the chord change Position returns to initial value.
‘On Hold’ bonus FXs (SmartStrings mode)
•
Modulation on Hold - lifting/lowering the guitar fretboard while holding down the Strum
bar switches on/off Modulation CC for the sustaining note(s).
•
Hammer-On on Hold - allows to tap Hammer-Ons/Pull-Offs with Fret buttons while
holding down the Strum bar.
74
Joystick Global Mode Settings panel
Being in any of Joystick modes click Settings button to open Joystick mode Global Settings panel:
Joystick Settings panel
Controller:
•
Click combo box to select active game controller as an input
Hand:
Press L or R button to switch between Left or Right Handed guitar position:
•
•
R - playing Strum bar with the right hand
L - playing Strum bar with the left hand (Strum bar Down/Up strokes reversed)
Randomization section:
•
•
•
Randomize dynamics - click to switch velocity randomization on/off
min/max - set randomization range, minimum and maximum deviation values
strength (%) - sensitivity of randomization
Velocity section:
•
•
•
Velo Curve - select the output velocity curve
Increase by - add/reduce output velocity
Accent add - set velocity value that will be added to the Stroke/FX produced by Star Power
(BACK) button, or switched on with Whammy bar Accent function
Tilt section:
Tilt sensors implemented in Guitar Hero controller are used in Joystick mode as dynamics control
option, adding velocity on lifting the fretboard while reducing velocity on lowering it.
Play chords with the Strum bar and calibrate your Tilt control by moving the fretboard up and down
and setting guitar position values in the Max, Middle, Min boxes you consider the best for highest,
normal, and lowest dynamics thresholds.
75
Other Controls:
•
Scrapes on Star Power kick - allows to trigger Scrapes by pressing Star Power (BACK)
button when all Frets are released
•
Strumbar Hold - allows to trigger Harmonics/Pinch Harmonics (if assigned) by tapping
Fret buttons while holding down the Strum bar
•
Use Slider bar - switches on the Slider bar sensors functioning
76
Guitar Strokes and Effects available in Joystick mode
•
Strum Down/Up - Strum bar down/up
•
Muted Strum Down/Up - Strum bar down/up with no Frets pressed
•
Slow Strum Down/Up - Star Power, Strum bar (Star Power on Hold, Whammy bar switch)
•
Lower Strings Strum Down/Up - Star Power, Strum bar (Star Power on Hold switch); Fret
1 + Strum bar (SmartStrums mode)
•
Upper Strings Strum Down/Up - Frets 2, 3, 4, or 5 + Strum bar (SmartStrums mode)
•
Individual String picks - Strum bar Picking function; Frets + Strum bar (SmartStrings
mode)
•
Bass I - Strum bar Picking/Bass&Strum functions, Star Power (assignable); Fret 1 + Strum
bar (SmartStrings mode)
•
Hammer-On/Pull-Off - tap neighbor Fret legato while holding down the Strum Bar
(SmartStrings mode)
•
Automatic Slide Up (chord, string) - Star Power, assignable FX
•
Automatic Bend Up , Unison Bend - Star Power, assignable FX (SmartStrings mode)
•
Manual Bend 1, 2 steps (chord, string) - Whammy bar, assignable
•
Modulation CC (chord, string) - Whammy bar switch, assignable FX; Tilt Modulation on
Hold switch, assignable FX (SmartStrings mode)
•
Harmonics/Pinch Harmonics FX - tap Frets while holding Star Power/Directional
pad/Whammy bar/Strum bar, assignable FX
•
Scrapes FX - Star Power (BACK) with no Frets pressed, assignable FX
77
Joystick Button Map
Note #
Note name
Button name
127
G8
1 Fret (Green)
126
F#8
2 Fret (Red)
125
F8
3 Fret (Yellow)
124
E8
4 Fret (Blue)
123
D#8
5 Fret (Orange)
122
D8
Strum Bar Up
121
C#8
Strum Bar Down
120
C8
Star Power (BACK) button
119
B7
START button
118
A#7
Directional Pad (left)
117
A7
Directional Pad (right)
116
G#7
1 Slider Bar
115
G7
2 Slider Bar
114
F#7
3 Slider Bar
113
F7
4 Slider Bar
112
E7
5 Slider Bar
78
All buttons activity (pressing/holding/releasing) is recorded/read as normal MIDI notes in the upper
octave according to the Joystick Button Map.
Moving Whammy bar is recorded/read as Pitch Wheel MIDI data.
Tilt data (fretboard position change) is automatically applied to velocity value of MIDI notes
producing Strokes and FXs (Strum bar, StarPower button, Fret taps, Slider bar).
In SmartStrings mode when Star Power ‘on Tilt’ FXs, and/or Modulation ‘on Hold’ FX are
activated Tilt data used for switching the FX on/off is additionally recorded/read as MIDI CC#93
data.
Buttons-to-MIDI mapping gives you the opportunity to easily edit the recorded part in Piano Roll
view of your DAW.
Sonar users can import RealRick instrument definition file (RealRick3.ins) included in the
installation folder to see button names in Piano Roll view.
For MIDI examples refer to Joystick Demo Songs Tutorial pack.
Joystick Mode Tutorial
For your better understanding how to use Guitar Hero controller in Joystick mode, we prepared 9
demo song packs including MIDI file (*.mid) of the performance, audio background file (*.wav),
RealGuitar/LPC settings file (*.rgsong), as well as a reference video (*.mp4) for each song.
In this tutorial all three Joystick playing modes: ColorTabs, SmartStrums, and SmartStrings are
presented in detail.
79
MIDI GUITAR Global Mode
If you prefer to use normal guitar via MIDI interface instead of MIDI keyboard you can switch to
MIDI Guitar Global mode by pressing MIDI Guitar button.
MIDI Guitar mode has multi-channel MIDI input: 1-6 MIDI channels for 1-6 guitar strings
accordingly, with each string/channel having independent pitch bend control, though Modulation,
Aftertouch MIDI controllers, and all other FXs are common for all strings.
MIDI Guitar mode allows you to step record the guitar part with a pencil tool in your DAW on
individual track/MIDI channel for each string. Note, that notes in a track going out of the
appropriate string range will be played on the nearest string.
MIDI Guitar Global mode works as Solo performance mode only.
DIRECT Global mode
Press Direct button to switch RealRick to Direct Global mode.
Direct mode window
This mode turns RealRick into plain guitar sampler, allowing you to trigger all internal sounds and
noises directly with all intellectual features turned off, having previously selected the appropriate
MIDI channel for the track.
80
Importing/Exporting Global Settings
You can save all modifications you’ve made to Global Preset (external *.rgsong file) containing
overall settings, which allows to easily export all changed data as a single file and import it when
needed. Click on MusicLab logo to save/load the Global Settings:
Note, all current settings are saved within a project doc of your DAW as well.
If you want the current settings load every time you run RealRick, select ‘Save As Default’ item in
the popup menu. To return factory default settings press Reset button in SetUp panel and select
‘Save As Default’.
81
(Appendix) MusicLab Universal Chord Tab
For Joystick (Struminator) mode fans we have developed a Universal Chord Tab letting you
perform guitar accompaniments to countless simple songs in ANY key within the single Chord Tab,
using just 5 Fret buttons of guitar controller for chord changes.
In addition to Strum bar guitar performance techniques implemented in RealGuitar/Strat/LPC/Rick
the Universal Chord Tab turns Guitar Hero game controller into a new harmonic musical instrument
for performing song backgrounds, as well as a powerful song-writing tool for your future
masterpieces.
Concept
Chord Function
If you think of chords as a musical family of chords derived from the notes of a key (scale degrees)
tied to one another by harmonic function, as opposed to individual sets of notes indicated by Root
note and chord type in the name, we recommend that you use Roman numerals instead of their letter
names.
For example, in the key of C, the chord function for an F chord is IV, similarly, the chord function
for a G chord is V, for Dm is ii, for Em is iii, etc. Uppercase Roman numbers are used to indicate
major chords and lowercase numbers to indicate minor chords.
C major scale diatonic chords
C
|
I
Dm
|
ii
Em
|
ii
F
|
IV
G
|
V
Am
|
vi
Bm7b5
|
vii
Numeric system allows to name much more than seven diatonic chords. You can built major chords
on minor chord degrees (and vice versa) by changing uppercase/lowercase numerals, indicate
various chord types by typing appropriate symbols after the numeral, and even use chromatic
degrees as a Root by typing #/b symbol before the numeral:
CM7
|
IM7
Cm
|
i
D
|
II
E7
|
III7
Fm
|
iv
F#m7b5
|
#iv7b5
Gm7
|
v7
A
|
VI
Bb
|
bVII, etc.
Thinking of chords as chord functions lets you easier read chord progressions, memorize them,
transpose to different keys, as well as better understand harmonic structure of the songs (which
often appears to be surprisingly common for many quite dissimilar ones!).
82
Universal Chord Tab
MusicLab Universal Chord Tab covers C major key diatonic chords, as well as a number of other
relative and modulation chords that can fit the harmonic structure of majority of popular songs. You
can use Universal Chord Tab as is, or consider it as basis for editing/creating your own Universal
Tab.
Basic Universal Chord Tab
Let’s start with the Basic Universal Tab including just 12 chords.
Connect your guitar controller to computer, run RealRick, turn on Joystick/ColorTabs mode, and
load ‘Universal Basic’ tab by clicking on Tab combo box:
Basic Universal Chord Tab
On the picture below 12 chords of the Basic Universal Tab are shown under Roman numerals
(Functions). Uppercase numerals pertain to major chords, while lowercase Roman numerals to
minor chords with Root notes found on diatonic degrees of C major scale.
Chord fingerings are displayed with ‘O’ symbols for 1 through 5 Fret buttons that should be pressed
to switch a chord.
Middle Fret (#3) corresponds to C chord, which is I chord (Tonic) of C major key.
|
1|
2|
3|
4|
5|
|
1|
2|
3|
4|
5|
-I(C)
(C7)
O
O
O
O
-
-V(G)
O
-
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
-vi(Am)
O
-
-ii(Dm)
O
-
|
|
|
|
|
|
| -VI7(A7)
|
O
|
O
|
O
|
O
|
-
-II(D)
O
O
-
| -iii(Em)
|
O
|
|
|
O
|
-
| -III7(E7)
|
|
O
|
O
|
O
|
O
| -IV(F)
| | | | | O
| -iv(Fm)
| | O
| | | O
|
|
|
|
|
|
| -vii- ||
(Bm7b5)
|
||
|
O
||
|
O
||
|
||
|
O
||
/Numbers 1 through 5 correspond to left through right Fret buttons:
1
2
3
4
5
–>
–>
–>
–>
–>
O Green
O Red
O Yellow
O Blue
O Orange/
83
Practicing Chord Progressions
In order to use Universal Chord Tab successfully for playing song accompaniments with Guitar
Hero controller, you have to memorize chord fingerings (beginning from Universal Basic Tab) and
learn to play rhythm pattern with the Strum bar.
For playing techniques details refer to Joystick Global mode/ColorTabs mode/Playing Techniques
section of the Manual, and video examples included in Joystick Demo Songs pack/ColorTabs
folder.
For startup we have included a number of common chord progressions.
Playing the progressions will help you in sight-reading Joystick Tabs, memorizing chord fingerings,
and quickly finding the appropriate Fret button(s) when moving from one chord to another.
Read chord changes thinking of their harmonic functions (Roman numerals), but not of their letter
names. For example, middle Fret chord (C) is I chord (Tonic), Fret 1 (G) is V chord (Dominant),
Fret 5 (F) is IV chord (Subdominant), while Fret 2 (Am) is relative minor chord (vi chord), Fret 4
(Dm) is ii chord (Predominant), and so on...
Note also, that unlike literal chord names the relative harmonic functions (and thereafter Roman
numerals) apply for any key, so you can transpose the whole Tab to any interval, using Transpose
option, and easily play transposed chord sequences thinking of Fret buttons as I-IV-I, ii-V-I,
I-V-vi-IV functions, etc.
Here on the pictorial diagram you can see the Fret - Chord - Function relationship for 9 chords used
in the following chord progressions:
(iii)Em
A7(VI7)
G(V)
(vi)Am
C(I)
(ii)Dm
F(IV)
(vii)Bm7b5
E7(III7)
84
Chord Progressions
Fingering Tips:
• Learn to finger a chord a tiny bit ahead of strumming
• Try using the same finger(s) for common Fret(s) in two sequential chords
Major key (C major)
(C) (F)
(G) (C)
|I - IV – V - I
1|2|3|O
4|5|-
O
O
-
O
-
(C) (Em) (F) (G)
|I – iii – IV - V
1|2|3|O
4|5|-
O
O
-
O
O
-
(C) (Am) (F) (G)
|I - vi – IV - V
(C) (G) (Am) (F)
|I – V - vi – IV |
|||O
||-
|||O
||-
O
-
O
O
-
O
O
-
(C) (E7)
(Am)
|I – III7 – vi 1|2|3|O
4|5|-
O
O
O
O
O
-
O
-
O
-
O
|
|
|
|
|
(C) (Em) (Am) (F)
|I – iii – vi – IV
(C) (Dm) (Em) (F)
|I – ii – iii – IV |
|||O
||-
|||O
||-
O
O
-
O
-
O
(Em)
(F) (G) (C) (Dm) (Em) (Am) (G)
|iii – IV – V - I |ii – iii – vi - V
1|O
2|3|4|O
5|-
O
-
|||
|O
|-
O
O
-
O
-
O
-
O
-
|||||O
O
-
(F) (G)
|IV – V
O
O
O
-
|||||O
O
O
O
-
O
-
O
|
|
|
|
|
(F)
(G) (C) (E7)
|IV – V – I – III7 |
(C7) (F) (Fm) (C) (G)
I7 – IV – iv – I - V
O
O
O
-
O
-
O
-
O
O
O
O
|
|
|
|
|
(Am) (D)
– vi - II |
O
-
O
O
-
|
|
|
|
|
85
Minor key (A minor)
Note, that A minor key is a relative key to C major having identical diatonic chords, so in order to
prevent confusion we keep using C major scale numerals for A minor key chords.
(Am) (F) (C) (G)
|vi – IV – I - V
1|2|O
3|4|5|-
O
O
-
O
-
(Am) (C) (D) (F)
|vi – I – II - IV
(Am) (F) (C)
(E7)
|vi – IV – I - III7 |
||O
|||-
||O
|||-
O
-
O
O
-
O
(Am) (G)
(F) (E7) (Am) (Dm) (G) (C)
|vi – V – IV – III7 |vi – ii – V – I
1|2|O
3|4|5|-
O
-
O
O
O
O
O
||O
|||-
O
-
O
-
O
-
(F)
(E7) (Am) D (Am) (Em) (F) (G)
|IV – III7 – vi – II |vi – iii – IV – V
1|2|3|4|5|O
O
O
O
O
O
-
O
O
-
||O
|||-
O
O
-
O
O
-
O
O
-
O
O
O
O
|
|
|
|
|
(Bm7b5)(E7) (Am) (F)
|vii – III7 – vi– IV |
||O
|O
||O
O
O
O
O
O
-
O
|
|
|
|
|
(Am) (D) (Am) (Em)
|vi – II – vi – iii
||O
|||-
O
O
-
O
-
O
O
-
|
|
|
|
|
Full Universal Chord Tab
When you get familiar with Basic Universal Chord Tab, you may need more chords in the Tab.
Try the Advanced Universal Tab (24 chords, including 7, m7, maj7, 7sus4 chords):
Advanced Universal Chord Tab
86
Expert users can try our Full Universal Tab (31 chords), which is a real challenge, but gives you
much more harmonic freedom:
Full Universal Chord Tab
On the picture below all 31 chords of Full Universal Tab are grouped under Roman numerals
(Functions) with Root notes found on diatonic and some chromatic degrees of C major scale.
Note, that m7b5 (half-diminished) chords in the minor groups fit the harmonic function of the group
even not having the same Root note.
|
(C)
1|2|3|O
4|5|-
-I(CM7) (C6)
O
O
O
O
-
| -iii(Em)(Em7)
1|O
O
2|3|O
4|O
O
5|-
(C7)(Csus)
O
O
O
O
O
|
-III(E7sus)(E7)
|O
|O
|O
|O
O
|O
O
|
(F)
|||||O
|
(Dm)
||||O
|-
-ii(Dm7)
O
O
-
| -II(D) (D7)
||O
O
|O
|O
O
|-
|
|
|
|
|
|
-IV|
-iv| -#iv- |
(FM7) (F7) (Fm) (Dm7b5)(F#m7b5)
|O
|O
|
|O
O
|O
|
O
|||
O
O
||O
|
O
O
|O
O
|O
|
|
-V|
-v| -vi|-VI-|
-bVII- |
-vii|
(G) (G7)(G7sus)(Gm7)(Em7b5) (Am)(Am7) (A7) (BbM7)(Bb9)(Bm7b5)(Bm7)
1|O
O
O
|O
O
|O
|O
|O
O
||
2||O
O
|O
O
|O
|O
|O
O
|
3|O
|O
||O
|O
O
|O
|
4||O
||O
|O
O
|O
|
5|O
O
|O
|||O
O
|O
O
|
Basic diatonic chords are marked with red.
Fingering Tip:
• Press Frets 1+2 with index finger for Dm7b5 (iv), F#m7b5 (#iv), Gm7 (v), Bb9 (bVII)
chords
87
Editing Universal Chord Tab
There are two ways to edit Universal Chord Tab in Tab Editor.
1.
You can disable some multi-fret Chord cells of the Universal Tab to move between chords
more easily when you are just beginning the learning curve.
To do that open Tab Editor, right-click a Chord cell and select ‘Disable’ item in popup menu.
‘Disabled’ cells will not show up in the Tab view if you close the Editor.
Basic and Advanced Universal Tabs are made similarly by simply disabling a number of more
complex relative chords of Full Universal Tab.
2.
You can assign other chords and/or chord types fitting your harmonic needs on Chord cells, and
save the edited Chord Tab under custom name.
Advanced users can try creating their own Universal Tab from scratch.
88
Contacting MusicLab
Web site: http://www.musiclab.com/
Technical support: mailto:[email protected]
89
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