CX-Supervisor Script Language

CX-Supervisor Script Language
CX-Supervisor
Script Language
Software Revision 3.0
OMRON
CX-Supervisor – Script Language
Notice
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only for the purposes described in this manual.
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the information provided in them. Failure to heed precautions can result in injury to people or damage
to the product.
DANGER!
Indicates information that, if not heeded, is likely to result in loss of life or
serious injury.
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Indicates information that, if not heeded, could possibly result in loss of life
or serious injury.
Caution
Indicates information that, if not heeded, could result in relatively serious or
minor injury, damage to the product, or faulty operation.
OMRON Product References
All OMRON products are capitalised in this manual. The word “Unit” is also capitalised when it refers
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The abbreviation “PLC” means Programmable Logic Controller and is not used as an abbreviation for
anything else.
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CX-Supervisor – Script Language
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Note:
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 OMRON, 2009
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because OMRON is constantly striving to improve its high-quality products, the information contained
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CX-Supervisor – Script Language
About this Manual
This manual describes the script language syntax as a supplement to CX-Supervisor application user
manual.
This manual contains the following:
♦
Chapter 1 Introduction. An overview to this manual including special typographical conventions.
♦
Chapter 2 Expressions. A description of the use of expressions within scripts.
♦
Chapter 3 Scripts. An introduction to scripts and the type of scripts.
♦
Chapter 4 CX-Supervisor Script Language. A detailed reference to the CX-Supervisor script
language.
♦
Chapter 5 VBScript Language Reference. A reference for the VBScript language.
♦
Chapter 6 Functions and Methods. A detailed reference to the functions and methods available to
script languages.
♦
Chapter 7 Script Examples. A description of the script language in practice, using some examples.
♦
Chapter 8 Colour Palette. A description of the colour palette that can be applied to certain script
statements.
♦
Appendix A OPC Communications Control. This appendix contains a list of the available
component properties and gives details of the Visual Basic script interface.
♦
Appendix B CX-Server Communications Control. This appendix contains a list of the available
component properties and gives details of the Visual Basic script interface.
♦
Appendix C JScript Features. This appendix provides a summary of the JScript features available
for use with the ExecuteJScript and ExecuteJScriptFile script functions.
♦
Appendix D Obsolete Features. This appendix provides a summary of the obsolete features, which
remain enabled for backward compatibility.
A Glossary of Terms and Index are also provided.
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CX-Supervisor – Script Language
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CX-Supervisor ..............................................................................................................................Page
Chapter 1 – Introduction ......................................................................... 1
Chapter 2 – Expressions........................................................................... 3
Chapter 3 – Scripts ................................................................................... 7
Object ..................................................................................................................................................7
Page .....................................................................................................................................................7
Project..................................................................................................................................................7
Chapter 4 – CX-Supervisor Script Language........................................ 9
Points .................................................................................................................................................10
Logic and Arithmetic.........................................................................................................................12
Control Statements ............................................................................................................................15
Subroutines ........................................................................................................................................22
Punctuation ........................................................................................................................................23
Indirection within Script Commands and Expressions ......................................................................26
Point Arrays within Script Commands and Expressions ...................................................................27
Using Aliases.....................................................................................................................................28
Chapter 5– VBScript Language reference ........................................... 31
List of features ...................................................................................................................................31
Chapter 6 – Functions and Methods..................................................... 35
Object Commands .............................................................................................................................39
Page Commands ................................................................................................................................49
General Commands ...........................................................................................................................50
Communications Commands.............................................................................................................56
Point Commands ...............................................................................................................................58
PLC Commands.................................................................................................................................68
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Table of Contents Chapter 6 continued
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Page
Temperature Controller Commands.................................................................................................. 73
Alarm Commands ............................................................................................................................. 79
File Commands ................................................................................................................................. 84
Recipe Commands ............................................................................................................................ 93
Report Commands............................................................................................................................. 95
Text Commands ................................................................................................................................ 97
Event/Error Commands................................................................................................................... 103
Printer Commands........................................................................................................................... 105
Security Commands ........................................................................................................................ 109
Data Logging Commands................................................................................................................ 111
Database Commands ....................................................................................................................... 117
Serial Port Functions ....................................................................................................................... 130
ActiveX Functions .......................................................................................................................... 133
Chapter 7 – Script Examples ............................................................... 137
Balloon Script ................................................................................................................................. 137
Chapter 8 – Colour Palette................................................................... 141
Appendix A – OPC Communications Control ................................... 143
Component Properties..................................................................................................................... 143
Script Interface ................................................................................................................................ 143
Functions......................................................................................................................................... 143
Appendix B – CX-Server Communications Control ......................... 145
Component Properties..................................................................................................................... 145
Script Interface ................................................................................................................................ 145
Functions......................................................................................................................................... 145
PLC Memory Functions .................................................................................................................. 145
Appendix C – JScript Features............................................................ 151
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CX-Supervisor – Script Language
Appendix D – Obsolete Features ......................................................... 153
Glossary of Terms ................................................................................. 161
Index....................................................................................................... 169
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CHAPTER 1 - Introduction
CHAPTER 1
Introduction
This reference manual describes the script language syntax as a supplement to the CX-Supervisor
User Manual. It provides detailed definition of the syntax of CX-Supervisor scripts that drive project,
page, object actions and CX-Supervisor expressions as used by objects and scripts.
Typographic conventions used in the examples in this reference manual are as follows:
♦
Script commands and reserved words are shown in the preferred case, which may be either
lower-, upper- or mixed-case.
♦
Points are shown in lower-case. Objects are shown in upper-case.
The following terms are used in this reference manual:
♦
Application. A set of files, containing an executable file, that carry out certain tasks. This
reference manual refers to the Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Word for Windows applications.
♦
Constant. A point or object within a script that takes only one specific value.
♦
Executable. A file that contains programs or commands, and has an ‘*.EXE’ extension.
♦
Nesting. To incorporate one or more IF THEN ELSE/ELSEIF ENDIF statements inside a
structure of the same kind.
♦
Operands. Constants or point variables.
♦
Operators. Relational, arithmetic, and logical statements, for instance ‘+’, ‘<=’ or ‘AND’.
♦
Or (‘|’). The ‘|’ symbol is used to represent ‘or’, where there are two or more forms of the same
syntax.
♦
Point Types. Either Boolean, Integer, Real or Text.
♦
Point Variable. A point or object within a script that may take different values.
♦
Strings. Data in the form of text delimited by quotation marks (“ ”), which can be assigned to a
point.
♦
The ‘{’ and ‘}’ braces. Must be inserted around the argument command or an error is reported.
An error is reported if there are spaces between braces.
♦
‘TRUE’ and ‘FALSE’. Refer exclusively to Boolean states, where Boolean state 0 is ‘FALSE’
and Boolean state 1 is ‘TRUE’.
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CHAPTER 2 - Expressions
CHAPTER 2
Expressions
This chapter describes the use of expressions within scripts.
Expressions consist of operators and operands:
♦
Operators are relational, arithmetic, logical and include many functions.
♦ Operands are constants or point variables.
Expressions can be used in a script as part of a statement (refer to chapter 3 Scripts, chapter 4 CXSupervisor Script Language, and Chapter 6 Functions and Methods). However expressions can be
applied to the following actions directly using the associated Expression: or Digital Expression: field:
♦
Blink.
♦
Close page.
♦
Colour Change (Analogue).
♦
Colour Change (Digital).
♦
Display Status Text.
♦
Display Text Point.
♦
Display Value.
♦
Edit point value (Analogue).
♦
Edit point value (Digital).
♦
Edit point value (Text).
♦
Enable/Disable.
♦
Horizontal move.
♦
Horizontal percentage fill.
♦
Resize height.
♦
Resize width.
♦
Rotate.
♦
Show page.
♦
Vertical move.
♦
Vertical percentage fill.
♦
Visible.
The following example of a simple expression contains a point (‘redcars’) attached to a particular
object with an appropriate object action, Resize (Height). At runtime, once the value of the point has
been met within the attributes declared within the Active Expression Range/Required Height: fields,
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the current object is resized accordingly. This example is an Integer or Real example, whereby the
value of the point either falls inside or outside the specified range. In this example, the point 'redcars'
must fall between 0 and 40 for the expression to be met.
The following example of a more complex expression contains a test on point ‘position’. If ‘position’
is more than 300 in value, and ‘position’ is less than 450 in value, i.e. the value of ‘position’ is
between 300 and 450, then the expression has been met, and an action is initiated (in this instance the
current object is made visible if the expression is met). This example is a Boolean example, whereby
either the expression is met (‘TRUE’) or not met (‘FALSE’). A Boolean value is always returned
from a Digital Expression: field, as opposed to an Expression: field, which returns an Integer or Real
value.
Operators used within this example are fully described in chapter 4, Logic and Arithmetic.
The following example of an expression contains a value point ‘prompt’ which is included at the
value position denoted by a ‘#’ symbol.
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CHAPTER 2 - Expressions
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for detailed dialog descriptions.
Note:
Boolean Expressions execute when the expression is TRUE so it can be said that every
Boolean expression has an inferred “== TRUE”. Sometimes Boolean expressions can be
difficult to read e.g. “bMyFlagPoint” or “BitMask & 0x80. It can help maintenance if this
“== TRUE” is explicitly specified e.g. “bMyFlagPoint == TRUE” or “BitMask & 0x80 ==
TRUE”.
Note:
When using Boolean operators (e.g. ==, !=, &&, ||, |) never mix tests for Boolean and non
Boolean operands. For example never use “bMyFlagPoint == 1” or “bMyFlagPoint == 0”.
Instead always test using the correct Boolean constant i.e. “TRUE” or “FALSE” for CXSupervisor scripts, or “True” and “False” when using VBScript.
Note:
On Condition scripts are only executed when the expression is TRUE. Sometimes this leads
to peculiar results, for example using $Second as it will be executed when $Second changes
to 59, and to 1 but not when it changes to 0. To execute a condition script any time a point
changes, force the expression to always evaluate to TRUE for example “$Second || TRUE”.
This works because the $Second forces the expression to be tested when the point changes,
but the || TRUE means the test will return TRUE regardless of the value of the point.
Note:
Use array points in On Condition expressions with caution. The expression “MyArray[3] ==
1” does not mean “execute every time the third element changes to 1”. It means execute
when any element of MyArray changes and the third element happens to be 1
Note:
Using an array point without any index is the same as specifying element 0 i.e. MyArray
actually means MyArray[0] == 1
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CHAPTER 3 - Scripts
CHAPTER 3
Scripts
A CX-Supervisor script is a simple programming language used to manipulate points. Scripts can be
created at different levels, at object level, page level or project level. Although the script code can be
applied to all levels of script, there are subtle differences, described in the following paragraphs.
Object
If a script is executed as a runtime action of an object, then the script can affect the object of the
action, or any other, depending on the actual content of the script.
Page
Page scripts are concerned with manipulating points and graphical objects that are used or included
within that page. In other words page scripts are used to drive a number of actions on the occurrence
of a particular event. These actions may manipulate several graphical objects on one page.
Project
Scripts can be applied to a project to manipulate points. These scripts are associated with events that
occur throughout the whole operating session
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CHAPTER 4 – CX-Supervisor Script Language
CHAPTER 4
CX-Supervisor Script Language
This chapter describes the CX-Supervisor script language syntax. It provides a detailed definition of
the syntax of CX-Supervisor scripts that drive project, page and object actions, and CX-Supervisor
expressions as used by objects and scripts. In conjunction with the script functions and methods
described in Chapter 6, the CX-Supervisor script language provides a very powerful, compiled, fast
and full featured programming language.
The following table describes the script language syntax at a glance.
Function Name
Function Type
Type
Remarks
&, |, ^, <<, >>
(objects)
bitwise operators
statement
All
OP
(points)
statement
All
+, -, *, /, %, =, ++, -<, >, <=, >=, ==, !=
AND
CALL
DO LOOP WHILE UNTIL
EXIT DO
arithmetic operators
relational operators
logical operators
statement
statement
All
All
All
All
Scr
Applies bitwise expressions
Specifies an object name for
modification or test.
Specifies a point name for modification
or test.
Applies arithmetic expressions.
Applies relational expressions.
Applies logical expressions.
Call a subroutine
Script segment to be repeated
FALSE
FOR TO STEP NEXT EXIT
FOR
IFTHEN ELSE\ELSEIF
ENDIF
Boolean state
statement
Scr
Scr
Applies Boolean expression.
Script segment to be repeated
statement
Scr
Applies a test to a script.
OR
NOT
REM
RETURN
SELECT CASE/END
SELECT
TRUE
logical operators
logical operators
statement
statement
statement
All
All
Scr
Scr
Scr
Applies logical expressions.
Applies logical expressions.
Remarks on line or lines of script.
Stops sequential execution of script.
Applied to complex tests.
Boolean state
Scr
Applies Boolean expression.
The ‘Type’ column refers to the types of script and expression the function can be applied to. ‘All’
refers to both expressions and scripts. ‘Scr’ refers to scripts only. ‘OP’ refers to Object and Page
scripts only.
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Points
Basic Point Assignment
Syntax
pointname = expression
Remarks
Argument
pointname
expression
Description
The point name to be assigned a value.
The value to be assigned to pointname. The expression may be of type
Boolean, Integer, Real or Text.
Typical Examples
count = 100
The Integer or Real point ‘count’ is assigned the value 100.
result = TRUE
The Boolean point ‘result’ is assigned the state ‘‘TRUE’’.
name = "Valve position"
The Text point ‘name’ is assigned the associated text, contained within quotation marks.
Note: When assigning Real (floating point) values to an Integer point the assignment uses the
'Symetrical Rounding Down' (towards 0) standard. This means a value of 4.1 would be assign a value
4. A value of -4.1 would asign a value of -4.
References
Refer to chapter 4, Punctuation for details of the use of quotation marks.
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Further Point Assignment
Syntax
pointname = expression
Remarks
Argument
Description
pointname
expression
The point name to be assigned a value.
The value to be assigned to pointname. The expression may be of type
Boolean, Integer or Real and can include other points, logical or arithmetical
expressions. Mathematical precedence is applied as follows:
•
Parenthesis (highest).
•
Unary minus and NOT logical operator.
•
Multiplication, division and modulus.
•
Addition and subtraction.
•
Greater than, less than, greater than or equal to, and less than or equal to
relational operators.
•
Shift Left (SHL) and Shift Right (SHR).
•
Equal to and not equal to relational operators.
•
Bitwise AND, XOR, OR.
•
AND logical operator, OR logical operator (lowest).
Typical Examples
lift = height + rate/5.0
The Integer or Real point ‘lift’ is assigned the value calculated by the value of point ‘rate’ divided by
5, plus the value of point ‘height’. Precedence can be changed by the introduction of parenthesis.
lift = lift - 0.2
The Integer or Real point ‘lift’ is assigned the value calculated by the current value of point ‘lift’
minus 0.2.
distance = distance * time
The Integer or Real point ‘distance’ is assigned the value calculated by the current value of point
‘distance’ multiplied by point ‘time’.
References
Refer to chapter 4, Logic and Arithmetic for details of the use of arithmetic and logic functions.
Refer to chapter 4, Punctuation for details of the use of parenthesis.
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Logic and Arithmetic
Arithmetic Operators
Syntax
pointname = expression
Remarks
Argument
pointname
expression
Description
The point name to be assigned a value based on an arithmetical expression.
The value to be assigned to pointname. The expression may include the
following operators with points and constants:
•
Addition ‘+’.
•
Subtraction ‘-’.
•
Multiplication ‘*’.
•
Division ‘/’.
•
Modulus ‘%’.
•
Increment ‘++’.
•
Decrement ‘--’.
Typical Examples
result = 60 + 20/5
The Integer or Real point ‘result’ is assigned the value calculated by the value of 20 divided by 5,
plus 60.
lift = height + rate/5.0
The Integer or Real point ‘lift’ is assigned the value calculated by the value of point ‘rate’ divided by
5, plus the value of point ‘height’. Precedence can be changed by the introduction of parenthesis.
References
Refer to chapter 4, Punctuation for details of the use of parenthesis.
Bitwise Operators
Syntax
pointname = expression
or
IF expression
or
DO WHILE expression
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or
DO UNTIL expression
Remarks
Argument
pointname
expression
Description
The pointname to be assigned a value based on the bitwise operation.
The value to be assigned to pointname, or to be evaluated as a Boolean
expression. The expression can include the following operators with points
and constants:
•
Bitwise AND, ‘BITAND’ or ‘&’.
•
Bitwise OR, ‘BITOR’ or ‘|’.
•
Bitwise XOR, ‘XOR’ or ‘^’.
•
Bitwise Shift Left, ‘SHL’ or ‘<<’.
•
Bitwise Shift Right, ‘SHR’ or ‘>>’.
Typical Examples
MSB = value & 128
The Boolean point ‘MSB’ is set ‘TRUE’ if the binary representation of ‘value’ has the bit set which
is worth 128.
Pattern = value << 2
The binary representation of ‘value’ is shifted left twice, and stored in ‘pattern’. Each Shift Left
operation has the effect of doubling the value, so two shifts quadruple the value.
Logical Operators
Syntax
pointname = expression
or
IF expression
or
DO WHILE expression
or
DO UNTIL expression
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Remarks
Argument
Description
Pointname
Expression
The point name to be assigned a value based on a logical expression.
The Boolean value to be assigned to pointname or the Boolean value forming
a conditional statement. The expression includes the following operators with
points and constants:
•
And ‘AND’.
•
Or ‘OR’.
•
Not ‘NOT’.
Typical Examples
flag = temp AND speed
The Boolean point ‘flag’ is assigned a value based on the logic of point ‘temp’ AND point ‘speed’. If
‘temp’ and ‘speed’ are both not zero, ‘flag’ is set to 1, or ‘‘TRUE’’. A value of zero in either ‘temp’
or ‘speed’ supplies ‘FALSE’ or 0 to ‘flag’.
IF flag AND temp AND speed THEN
flag = FALSE
ENDIF
The Boolean point ‘flag’ is assigned ‘FALSE’, on the condition that ‘flag’ AND point ‘temp’ AND
point ‘speed’ are all not zero. If the condition fails, then ‘flag’ is not assigned ‘FALSE’.
References
Refer to chapter 4, Control Statements for details of the use of the IF THEN ELSE/ELSEIF ENDIF
statements.
Relational Operators
Syntax
IF expression
or
DO WHILE expression
or
DO UNTIL expression
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Remarks
Argument
Expression
Description
The value forming a conditional statement. The expression may include the
following operators with points and constants:
•
Greater than ‘>’.
•
Less than ‘<’.
•
Greater than or equal to ‘>=’.
•
Less than or equal to ‘<=’.
•
Not equal to ‘!=’.
•
Equal to ‘==’.
Typical Example
IF fuel < 0 THEN
fuel = 0
ENDIF
The point ‘fuel’ is assigned the value 0 on the condition that currently, ‘fuel’ is less than 0. If ‘fuel’
is not less than 0, then it is not assigned the new value.
References
Refer to chapter 4, Control Statements for details of the use of the IF THEN ELSE/ELSEIF ENDIF
statements.
Control Statements
Simple Conditional Statements
Syntax
IF condition THEN
statementblock1
ENDIF
or
IF condition THEN
statementblock1
ELSE
statementblock2
ENDIF
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Remarks
Argument
Condition
Statementblock1
Statementblock2
Description
The condition is made up of points and constants, using relational, logical or
arithmetical notation as a test. The condition can evaluate Boolean state
‘TRUE’ and ‘FALSE’, Integer or Real numbers, or a text string.
One or more statements which are performed if the condition is met.
One or more statements which are performed if the condition is not met.
Typical Examples
IF fuel < 0 THEN
fuel = 0
ENDIF
Provided Integer point ‘fuel’ is less than 0, then it is assigned the value 0.
IF burner THEN
fuel = fuel - rate
ENDIF
Provided Boolean point ‘burner’ is ‘‘TRUE’’, then Integer point ‘fuel’ is assigned a new value. It is
also possible to apply ‘IF burner == TRUE THEN’ as the first line, with identical results.
IF distance > 630 AND distance < 660 AND lift >= -3 THEN
winner = TRUE
burner = FALSE
ENDIF
Provided that Integer point ‘distance’ is greater in value than 630 AND ‘distance’ is less in value than
660 (i.e. ‘distance’ is a value between 630 and 660) AND point ‘lift’ is greater than or equal to -3,
then Boolean points ‘winner’ and ‘burner’ are assigned new values.
IF burner AND fuel > 0 AND rate > 0 THEN
fuel = fuel - rate
ELSE
lift = 0
altitude = 0
ENDIF
Provided that Boolean point ’burner’ is ‘‘TRUE’’ AND points ‘fuel’ and ‘rate’ are greater in value
than 0, then ‘fuel’ is assigned a new value. Otherwise points ‘lift’ and ‘altitude’ are assigned a new
value.
References
Refer to chapter 4, Punctuation, Indentation for details on the layout of code.
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Nested Conditional Statements
Syntax
IF conditionA THEN
statementblock1
IF conditionB THEN
statementblock3
ENDIF
ELSE
statementblock2
ENDIF
or
IF conditionA THEN
statementblock1
IF conditionB THEN
statementblock3
ELSE
statementblock4
ENDIF
ELSE
statementblock2
ENDIF
or
IF conditionA THEN
statementblock1
ELSEIF conditionB THEN
statementblock3
ENDIF
or
IF conditionA THEN
statementblock1
ELSE
statementblock2
IF conditionB THEN
statementblock3
ELSE
statementblock4
ENDIF
ENDIF
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Remarks
Argument
Description
conditionA
The condition is made up of points and constants, using relational, logical or
arithmetical notation as a test. The condition can evaluate Boolean state
‘TRUE’ and ‘FALSE’, Integer or Real numbers, or a text string.
This condition is nested in the first condition, either on a successful or
unsuccessful evaluation of conditionA. The condition is made up of points
and constants, using relational, logical or arithmetical notation as a test. The
condition can evaluate Boolean state ‘TRUE’ and ‘FALSE’, Integer or Real
numbers, or a text string. There is no limit to the number of nested
conditional statements.
One or more statements which are performed if conditionA is met.
One or more statements which are performed if conditionA is not met.
One or more statements which are performed if conditionB is met.
One or more statements which are performed if conditionB is not met.
conditionB
statementblock1
statementblock2
statementblock3
statementblock4
Typical Examples
IF burner AND fuel > 0 AND rate > 0 THEN
lift = lift + rate/5
ELSE
count = 1
IF altitude > 140 THEN
lift = lift - 0.2
ENDIF
ENDIF
Provided a successful evaluation has been made to points ‘burner’ AND ‘fuel’ AND ‘rate’, point
‘lift’ is updated with the current value of rate divided by 5 plus ‘lift’. Otherwise, a further evaluation
is required on point ‘altitude’. If ‘altitude’ is currently greater than 140, then ‘lift’ is decremented by
0.2.
IF burner AND fuel > 0 AND rate > 0 THEN
lift = lift + rate/5
ELSE
IF altitude > 140 THEN
lift = lift - 0.2
ENDIF
ENDIF
IF burner AND fuel > 0 AND rate > 0 THEN
lift = lift + rate/5
ELSEIF altitude > 140 THEN
lift = lift - 0.2
ENDIF
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CHAPTER 4 – CX-Supervisor Script Language
These two examples are identical. The use of the ELSEIF statement combines the ELSE statement
and the IF/ENDIF statements for brevity. It is acceptable to have more than one ELSEIF statement in
an IF THEN ELSE/ELSEIF ENDIF construct.
References
Refer to chapter 4, Punctuation for details of the use of indentation.
Case Select
Syntax
SELECT CASE expression
CASE expression
statementblock1
CASE expression
statementblock2
CASE expression
statementblock3
END SELECT
or
SELECT CASE expression
CASE expression
statementblock1
CASE expression
statementblock2
CASE ELSE
statementblock3
END SELECT
Remarks
Argument
Description
expression
The expression may be a point, or a calculation of constants and/or points that
produces a result.
One or more statements that are only performed if the preceding CASE
expression is met.
One or more statements that are only performed if the preceding CASE
expression is met.
One or more statements that are only performed if the preceding CASE
expression is met.
statementblock1
statementblock2
statementblock3
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Typical Examples
SELECT CASE colourvalue
CASE 1
colour (blue)
CASE 2
colour (green)
CASE 3
colour (cyan)
CASE ELSE
colour (0)
END SELECT
This example shows the assignment of a colour according to the value of a point. The value of
Integer point ‘colourvalue’ is evaluated and compared with each case until a match is found. When a
match is found, the sequence of actions associated with the CASE statement is performed. When
‘colourvalue’ is 1, the colour given to the current object is blue, when ‘colourvalue’ is 2, the colour
given to the current object is green, when ‘colourvalue’ is 3, the colour given to the current object is
cyan. If ‘colourvalue’ falls outside the integer range 1—3, then the colour given is 0 (black). Like
ELSE and ELSEIF, the CASE ELSE statement is optional.
SELECT CASE TRUE
CASE temperature > 0 AND temperature <= 10
colour (blue)
CASE temperature > 10 AND temperature <= 20
colour (green)
CASE temperature > 20 AND temperature <= 30
colour (red)
CASE ELSE
colour (white)
ENDSELECT
In this example, instead of using a point as the condition as with the previous example, the value is
the condition — in this case Boolean state ‘‘TRUE’’ — with the integer point ‘temperature’ being
tested at each case. If it is ‘‘TRUE’’ that ‘temperature’ is between 0 and 10, then the current object is
set to blue, or if it is ‘‘TRUE’’ that ‘temperature’ is between 11 and 20, then the current object is set
to green, or if it is ‘‘TRUE’’ that ‘temperature’ is between 21 and 30, then the current object is set to
red. If none of these CASE statements are met, then the current object is set to white. Like ELSE
and ELSEIF, the CASE ELSE statement is optional.
References
Refer to chapter 6, Object Commands for details of applying attributes to an object and for the use of
the Colour object command. Refer to chapter 8, Colour Palette for details of the Colour Palette
colour designation.
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CHAPTER 4 – CX-Supervisor Script Language
FOR... NEXT Loop
Syntax
FOR pointname = startpt TO endpt STEP steppt
statementblock1
NEXT
Remarks
Argument
Description
pointname
startpt
The pointname to be used as the loop counter.
The initial setting of pointname, and the first value to be used through the
loop.
The last value to be used. The loop ends when pointname exceeds this value.
Amount to increase pointname by every pass of the loop. Steppt can be
negative to count backwards providing startpt is larger than endpt. The STEP
keyword and variable may be omitted in which case pointname is
incremented at each pass of the loop (identical to adding STEP 1).
endpt
steppt
Typical Examples
FOR loopcount = 0 TO 100
Ellipse_1.vertical%fill = loopcount
NEXT
In this example, ‘Ellipse_1’ is gradually filled 100 times.
FOR loopcount = 100 TO 0 STEP -5
Ellipse_1.vertical%fill = loopcount
NEXT
In this example, the fill for ‘Ellipse_1’ is gradually removed 20 times (100 times/-5).
Note:
Loop statements should be used with caution, as they consume processor time while
they are running and some other parts of the system may not be updated.
DO WHILE/UNTIL Loop
Syntax
DO WHILE expression
statementblock
LOOP
or
DO
statementblock
LOOP WHILE expression
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or
DO UNTIL expression
statementblock
LOOP
or
DO
statementblock
LOOP UNTIL expression
Remarks
Argument
Description
expression
The expression may be a point, or a calculation of constants and/or points that
produces a result.
One or more statements to be executed multiple times depending on
expression.
statementblock
Typical Example
DO WHILE dooropen == TRUE
Message (“You must shut the door before continuing”)
LOOP
DO
nextchar = Mid (Mystring, position, 1)
position = position + 1
LOOP UNTIL nextchar = “A”
Note:
Loop statements should be used with caution, as they consume processor time while
they are running and some other parts of the system may not be updated.
Subroutines
Call
Syntax
CALL subroutine (arguments)
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CHAPTER 4 – CX-Supervisor Script Language
Remarks
Argument
Description
subroutine
arguments
The name of the subroutine defined at project level.
The list of arguments required by the subroutine separated by commas. Each
argument may be a pointname, constant, arithmetical or logical expression or
any valid combination.
Typical Example
CALL MySub ($Second, “Default”, 2 + Int1)
Return
Syntax
RETURN
Typical Example
IF limit > 1000 THEN
RETURN
ELSE
value = limit
ENDIF
REM final part of script
POLYGON_1.COLOUR = red
ELLIPSE_5.WIDTH = value
The integer point ‘limit’ is tested for its value. If its value exceeds 1000, then the condition is met,
and the RETURN command is executed. All statements after the RETURN command are ignored. If
the value of integer point ‘limit’ does not exceed 1000, then the RETURN command is not executed,
and statements after the RETURN command are performed.
References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for the use of the RETURN statement for Recipe validation.
Punctuation
Command String Delimiters
Description
Alternative string delimiters allowing string to contain quote " characters.
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Syntax
{Some "string" text}
Typical Example
Message({Error: "Invalid Function" occurred})
The ‘{‘ and ‘}’ braces inserted around the whole strings allows the actual text in the string to contain
quotes which will be displayed normally. They can be used in any situation where quotes can be used
whether or not embedded quotes are required. However, for clarity the quote characters should be
used by preference.
Indentation
Typical Examples
IF burner AND
lift = lift +
ELSE
IF altitude >
lift = lift ENDIF
ENDIF
fuel > 0 AND rate > 0 THEN
rate/5
140 THEN
0.2
IF burner AND fuel > 0 AND rate > 0 THEN
lift = lift + rate/5
ELSE
IF altitude > 140 THEN
lift = lift - 0.2
ENDIF
ENDIF
Both examples provide identical functionality, but the use of indentation, either spaces or tabs to
show the construction of the statements aids readability.
The use of the ELSEIF statement in this example was omitted for clarity.
Multiple Commands
Typical Examples
count = 75
result = log(count)
count = 75 : result = log(count)
Both examples provide identical functionality, but the use of the colon between statements allows
both to reside on the same line.
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CHAPTER 4 – CX-Supervisor Script Language
Parenthesis
Typical Examples
result = 20 + 30 * 40
The result is 1220.
result = (20 + 30) * 40
The values in parenthesis are calculated first. The result is 2000.
References
Refer to chapter 4, Logic and Arithmetic, Arithmetric Operations for further details.
Quotation Marks
Typical Examples
name = "Valve position"
The Text point ‘name’ is assigned associated text, contained within quotation marks. Quotation
marks must be used in this instance.
Message("This text to be displayed as a message.")
Passing static text as arguments to functions.
BlueCarsAck = IsAlarmAcknowledged("BLUEPAINT")
The point ‘BlueCarsAck’ is assigned a Boolean state based on the alarm ‘BLUEPAINT’. Quotation
marks must be used for an alarm name.
Remarks
Syntax
REM | rem comment
or
‘comment
Remarks
Argument
Type
Comment
---
Description
Descriptive text.
Typical Examples
REM The following statement adds two numbers
result = 45 + 754
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result = 45 + 754
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‘add two numbers
Indirection within Script Commands and Expressions
It is possible to use text points directly or indirectly in place of literal string arguments within scripts
and expressions. For instance, each of the following commands has the same effect:
♦
Using a string literal;
PlayOLE(“ole_1”, 0)
♦
Using a textpoint directly;
textpoint = “ole_1”
PlayOLE(textpoint, 0)
♦
Using a textpoint indirectly via the ‘^’ notation.
text = “ole_1”
textpoint = “text”
PlayOLE(^textpoint, 0)
It is possible to use text points indirectly in place of point name arguments within script commands.
For instance, each of the following commands has the same effect:
♦
Using a point name directly;
verbnumber = 0
PlayOLE(“ole_1”, verbnumber)
♦
Using a textpoint indirectly via the ‘^’ notation.
verbnumber = 0
textpoint = “verbnumber”
PlayOLE(“ole_1”, ^textpoint)
An example using Indirection
The value of point indirection can be seen in a situation where it is necessary to dynamically change
the pointname that an object is linked to. In the following example a toggle button is configured to
control the Boolean state of one of four points:
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♦
The four Boolean points to be controlled are called ‘motor1’, ‘motor2’, ‘motor3’ and ‘motor4’.
♦
The text point ‘textpoint’ is used to store the name of the Boolean point to be controlled.
♦
The text point ‘text’ is used to store the string value of the integer point ‘index’
♦
The integer point ‘index’ (which has a range 1-4) is used to dynamically change the point being
controlled.
♦
Access to any of the four Boolean points ‘motor1’, ‘motor2’, ‘motor3’, ‘motor4’ can be achieved
by applying indirection to ‘textpoint’ using the ‘^’ notation and changing the contents of
‘textpoint’.
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CHAPTER 4 – CX-Supervisor Script Language
For instance, in order to dynamically change the Boolean point a toggle button is linked to follow
these steps.
1, 2, 3…
1.
Link the toggle button to a textpoint using indirection e.g. ^textpoint.
2.
Link the following script code to run as required. e.g. on clicking a button.
•
Text = ValueToText(index)
• TextPoint = “motor” + text
3. The ValueToText function converts the integer value of the point ‘index’ into a
string held in the textpoint ‘text’. Therefore the point ‘text’ contains either ‘1’,
‘2’, ‘3’ or ‘4’. The expression ‘motor’ + text appends the contents of the point
‘text’ to the literal string ‘motor’. Therefore ‘textpoint’ contains either
‘motor1’, ‘motor2’, ‘motor3’ or ‘motor4’ dependant on the value of ‘index’.
Change the value of the ‘index’ to determine which Boolean point to control.
e.g. via the Edit Point Value (Analogue) animation.
Point Arrays within Script Commands and Expressions
It is possible to access the elements of a point array directly or indirectly from within scripts or
expressions.
♦
Setting the value of an array point directly;
arraypoint[2] = 30
♦
Getting the value of an array point directly;
value = arraypoint[2]
♦
Setting the value of an array point using indirection;
textpoint = “arraypoint”
^textpoint[2] = 30
♦
Getting the value of an array point using indirection;
textpoint = “arraypoint”
value = ^textpoint[2]
An example using Point Arrays
The value of array points can be seen in a situation where it is necessary to dynamically change the
pointname that an object is linked to. In the following example a toggle button is configured to
control the Boolean state of one of four elements of an array point.
The Boolean array point ‘motor’ is configured to contain 4 elements.
The integer point ‘index’ (which has a range 0-3) is used to dynamically change the element of the
point being controlled.
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In order to dynamically change the element of a Boolean point that a toggle button is linked to follow
these steps.
1, 2, 3…
1.
Link the toggle button to an array point. e.g. ‘motor[index]’.
2.
Change the value of the ‘index’ to determine which element of the Boolean
point to control. e.g. via the Edit Point Value (Analogue) animation.
Using Aliases
This facility is used to declare an alias - that is, to define a text string that can be used in place of
another text string or a number within any script or expression. The Alias Definitions dialog is
displayed by selecting the “Alias Definition...” option from the Project menu. It can also be
displayed if “Aliases...” is selected from the script editor. The dialog displays either the User defined
aliases or the preset System aliases and is toggled between these two displays by pressing the
User/System Alias button.
The following illustration shows the Alias Definitions dialog displaying a number of User defined
aliases. The System aliases are pre-defined and can not be edited or added to.
Syntax:
@AliasName
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Alias definition
'optional comment
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CHAPTER 4 – CX-Supervisor Script Language
Remarks:
Argument
Type
@AliasName
Alias definition
string
string
‘ comment
string
Description
The string name of the alias
This is a string representing the actual text or expression of the
expanded alias.
This is an optional comment.
The @ symbol at the beginning of each line initiates each alias command. For example, the text
string @SomePoint could be used to represent any sequence of characters in a script or expression –
e.g. it could be defined as:
@SomePoint = InArray[1]
or even
@SomePoint = Inarray[1] + Inarray[2] / 2
This is an easy way of identifying the individual members of array points. It can also be used to
associate names with numbers, for example,
@SecondsPerDay = 86400
Alias definitions are stored in a simple text file in the project directory, called <project name>.pre.
The format of the file consists of any number of lines such as:
@Test1 = InArray[12] * 10
i.e. an @ symbol followed by the name of the alias, then an equals sign (or space), followed by the
definition of the alias. Anything that follows the last apostrophe ( ' ) symbol on a line is interpreted
as a comment. Any line which does not start with the @ symbol is also assumed to be a comment.
Typical Examples
Declare boiler temperatures
@BoilerTemp1 = InArray[0] ' for boiler room 1
@BoilerTemp2 = InArray[1] ' for boiler room 2
@SecondsPerMinute = 60
' sets duration
Aliases may also be used to create a complicated expression such as
@HYPOTENUSE
sqrt(Opposite * Opposite + Adjacent * Adjacent)
'Calculates length of Hypotenuse
This can be used in a script in the following way:
Opposite = 8.45
Adjacent = 9.756
length = @HYPOTENUSE
where Opposite, Adjacent and length are all REAL points.
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CHAPTER 4 – CX-Supervisor Script Language
Note:
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Changing an alias definition after it has been used in an expression or script will not
automatically change the result in the script. The appropriate script or expression
where that alias is used must be accessed and recompiled by pressing the OK button in
order to apply the changes.
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CHAPTER 5 – VBScript Language Reference
CHAPTER 5
VBScript Language Reference
This chapter is a reference for the syntax of Microsoft Visual Basic scripting language called
VBScript. These features are provided by the Windows Scripting Host, included by default with
Windows 2000 and Windows XP.
For a full User Guide, Language reference and details of the latest versions and support contact
Microsoft at http://msdn.microsoft.com
List of Features:
Category
Array handling
Assignments
Comments
Constants/Literals
Control flow
Conversions
Date / Times
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Keyword / Feature
Array
Dim, Private, Public, ReDim
IsArray
Erase
LBound, UBound
Set
Comments using ‘ or Rem
Empty
Nothing
Null
True, False
Do…Loop
For…Next
For Each…Next
If…Then…Else
Select Case
While…Wend
With
Abs
Asc, AscB, AscW
Chr, ChrB, ChrW
CBool, CByte
CCur, Cdate
CDbl, CInt
CLng, CSng, CStr
DataSerial, DateValue
Hex, Oct
Fix, Int
Sgn
TimeSerial, TimeValue
Date, Time
DateAdd, DateDiff, DatePart
DateSerial, DateValue
Day, Month, MonthName
Weekday, weekdayName, Year
Hour, Minute, Second
Now
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CHAPTER 5 – VBScript Language Reference
Category
Declarations
Error Handing
Expressions
Formatting Strings
Input / Output
Literals
Math
Miscellaneous
Objects
Operators
Options
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Keyword / Feature
TimeSerial, TimeValue
Class
Const
Dim, Private, Public, ReDim
Function, Sub
Property Get, Property Let, Property Set
On Error
Err
Eval
Excute
RegExp
Replace
Test
FormatCurrency
FormatDateTime
FormatNumber
FormatPercent
InputBox
LoadPicture
MsgBox
Empty
False
Nothing
Null
True
Atn, Cos, Sin, Tan
Exp, Log, Sqr
Randomize, Rnd
Eval Function
Execute Statement
RGB Function
CreateObject
Err Object
GetObject
RegExp
Addition (+), Subtraction (-)
Exporentiation (^)
Modulus arithmetic (Mod)
Multiplication (*), Division (/)
Integer Division (\)
Negation (-)
String concatentation (&)
Equality (=), Inequality (<>)
Less Than (<), LessThan or Equal(<+)
Greater Than (>)
Greater Than or Equal To (>=)
Is
And, Or, Xor
Eqv, Imp
Option Explicit
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CHAPTER 5 – VBScript Language Reference
Category
Procedures
Rounding
Script Engine ID
Strings
Variants
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Keyword / Feature
Call
Function, Sub
Property Get, Property Let, Property Set
Abs
Int, Fix, Round
Sgn
ScriptEngine
ScriptEngineBuildVersion
ScriptEngineMajorVersion
ScriptEngineMinorVersion
Asc, AscB, AscW
Chr, ChrB, ChrW
Filter, InStr, InStrB
InStrRev
Join
Len, LenB
LCase, UCase
Left, LeftB
Mid, MidB
Right, RightB
Replace
Space
Split
StrComp
String
StrReverse
LTrim, RTrim, Trim
IsArray
IsDate
IsEmpty
IsNull
IsNumeric
IsObject
TypeName
VarType
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CHAPTER 6
Functions and Methods
This chapter describes the Functions and Methods available to the scripting language. In most cases,
this can be CX-Supervisor script, VBScript or JScript.
The following table describes the Functions and Methods at a glance.
Function Name
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Function Type
Type
Remarks
Acknowledges an alarm.
Acknowledges all alarms.
Acknowledge the latest alarm.
Applies unary expression.
Applies unary expression.
Applies unary expression.
Removes the forcing of values on a
point.
Displays a character based on the
ASCII character set.
Clears the alarm history.
Clears the error log.
Clears a data log file
Discards any queued messages or
alarms.
Closes a specified page.
Closes the current alarm history.
Closes the current alarm status.
Closes a component for a PLC (e.g.
CX-Server components).
Closes the currently open Error Log.
Closes the open file.
Closes a data log file
Closes the log viewer
Close communications with a PLC.
Specifies a colour to an object.
Copies the content of an array.
Copies a specified file.
Applies unary expression.
Deletes the specified file.
Disables an object.
Prevents a group of points to be read or
written.
AcknowledgeAlarm
AcknowledgeAllAlarms
AcknowledgeLatestAlarm
Acos
Asin
Atan
CancelForce
alarm command
alarm command
alarm command
unary function
unary function
unary function
point command
Scr
Scr
Scr
All
All
All
Scr
Chr
text command
All
ClearAlarmHistory
ClearErrorLog
ClearLogFile
ClearSpoolQueue
alarm command
event/error commands
Data Logging command
printer command
All
All
Scr
All
close
CloseAlarmHistory
CloseAlarmStatus
CloseComponent
object command
alarm command
alarm command
comms command
Scr
All
Scr
All
CloseErrorLog
CloseFile
CloseLogFile
CloseLogView
ClosePLC
colour
CopyArray
CopyFile
cos
DeleteFile
disable
DisableGroup
error command
file command
Data Logging command
Data Logging command
PLC command
object command
point command
file command
unary function
file command
object command
point command
Scr
Scr
Scr
Scr
Scr
OP
All
Scr
All
Scr
OP
All
DisablePoint
display
point command
object command
Scr
Scr
Disables communications to a point.
Displays a specified page.
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CHAPTER 6 – Functions and Methods
Function Name
Function Type
Type
Remarks
DisplayAlarmHistory
DisplayAlarmStatus
alarm command
alarm command
Scr
Scr
Displays the current alarm history.
Displays the alarm status of all current
alarms.
DisplayErrorLog
DisplayPicture
DisplayRecipes
DownloadPLCProgram
DownloadRecipe
EditFile
EnableAlarms
EnableErrorLogging
event command
general command
recipe command
PLC command
recipe command
file command
alarm command
error command
Scr
Scr
Scr
All
Scr
All
All
Scr
EnableGroup
point command
All
EnableOLE
EnablePLC
EnablePoint
EnablePrinting
ExportAndViewLog
ExportLog
FileExists
Force
ForceReset
ForceSet
FormatText
comms command
comms command
point command
printer command
Data Logging command
Data Logging command
file command
point command
point command
point command
text command
Scr
Scr
Scr
All
Scr
Scr
All
Scr
Scr
Scr
All
GenerateReport
report command
All
GetBit
GetPerformanceInfo
point command
general command
All
All
GetPLCMode
GetTextLength
PLC command
text command
All
All
height
horizontal%fill
InputPoint
IsAlarmAcknowledged
object command
object command
point command
alarm command
OP
OP
Scr
Scr
IsAlarmActive
alarm command
Scr
Left
statement
Scr
Displays the current Error Log.
Reload an image for a picture object
View the current recipes in the project.
Downloads specified files to the PLC.
Downloads a specified recipe.
Edits a specified file.
Enables alarm functions.
All actions become subject to Error
Logging.
Permits a group of points to be read or
written.
Allows use of OLE functions.
Allows use of PLC functions.
Enables communications to a point.
Permits printing of Alarms or messages.
Exports data log and views
Exports data log
Specifies the existence of a file.
Locks the value of a point.
Sets a point value to 0.
Sets a point value to 1.
Inserts text with standard ‘C’ formatting
characters.
Produces a report based on a report
template.
Retrieves a bit from a point.
Retrieves internal performance and
diagnostic values.
Retrieves the mode of a PLC.
Specifies the number of characters in a
text point.
Specifies the height of an object.
Specifies the horizontal fill of an object.
Reads a value from a point.
Tests if a specified alarm has been
acknowledged.
Tests if a specified alarm is currently
active.
Extracts characters from the left of a
string
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CHAPTER 6 – Functions and Methods
Function Name
Page 36
Function Type
OMRON
Type
Remarks
Calculates the natural logarithm on a
number.
Calculates the base-10 logarithm on a
number.
Logs an error message with the error
logger.
Logs an event message with the error
logger.
Logs a user into a run-time application.
Logs a user out of a run-time
application.
log
unary function
All
log10
unary function
All
LogError
error command
Scr
LogEvent
error command
Scr
Login
Logout
security command
security command
Scr
Scr
Message
Mid
move
MoveFile
OpenComponent
text command
text command
object command
file command
comms command
Scr
Scr
OP
Scr
All
OpenFile
OpenLogFile
OpenLogView
OpenPLC
OutputPoint
PlayOLE
PlaySound
PLCCommsFailed
file command
Data Logging command
Data Logging command
PLC command
point command
gen. command
gen. command
PLC command
Scr
Scr
Scr
Scr
Scr
Scr
Scr
All
PLCMonitor
PointExists
PrintActivePage
PrintFile
PrintMessage
PLC command
point command
gen. command
file command
text command
Scr
All
Scr
Scr
All
PrintPage
PrintReport
PrintScreen
PrintSpoolQueue
Rand
Read
gen. command
report command
gen. command
printer command
gen. command
file command
Scr
All
Scr
All
Scr
Scr
ReadMessage
Right
file command
text command
All
Scr
rotate
object command
OP
Outputs a string in a message box.
Extracts a substring from a string.
Moves an object.
Moves the specified file.
Opens a component for a PLC (e.g. CXServer components).
Opens the specified file.
Opens a data log file
Opens the Data Log Viewer
Opens communications with a PLC.
Displays the current value of a point.
Plays an OLE object.
Plays a sound file.
Specifies if the PLC communications
have failed.
Monitors a PLC.
Specifies the existence of a point.
Prints the currently active page.
Prints the specified file.
Prints messages to the configured
‘Alarm/message printer’.
Prints the specified page.
Prints a report
Prints the current display screen.
Prints all queued alarms or messages.
Calculates a random number.
Reads data from an open file into a
point.
Reads text from an external file.
Extracts characters from the right of a
string.
Rotates an object.
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CHAPTER 6 – Functions and Methods
Function Name
Function Type
Type
Remarks
RunApplication
RunHelp
SelectFile
SetBit
SetPLCMode
SetPLCPhoneNumber
SetupUsers
ShutDown
sin
sqrt
StartLogging
StopLogging
tan
TCAutoTune
gen. command
gen. command
file command
point command
PLC command
PLC command
security command
gen. command
unary function
unary function
Data Logging command
Data Logging command
unary function
temp. controller command
Scr
Scr
All
All
All
All
Scr
Scr
All
All
Scr
Scr
All
All
TCBackupMode
temp. controller command
All
TCGetStatusParameter
temp. controller command
All
TCRemoteLocal
temp. controller command
All
TCRequestStatus
temp. controller command
All
Runs the specified application.
Runs the specified help file.
Specifies a file name and path.
Sets a specific bit from a point.
Sets the mode of a PLC.
Sets a phone number to a PLC.
Defines users and passwords for Login.
Terminates CX-Supervisor.
Applies unary expression.
Applies unary expression.
Starts a data set logging.
Stops a data set logging.
Applies unary expression.
Starts or stops a temperature controller
auto-tune operation.
Defines how a temperature controller
stores internal variables.
Retrieves the temperature controller
status parameter.
Defines the operational mode of a
temperature controller.
Retrieves the temperature controller
status.
TCReset
TCRspLsp
temp. controller command
temp. controller command
All
All
TCRunStop
temp. controller command
All
TCSaveData
temp. controller command
All
TCSettingLevel1
temp. controller command
All
TextToValue
text command
Scr
UploadPLCProgram
PLC command
All
ValueToText
text command
Scr
vertical%fill
ViewReport
visible
width
Write
object command
report command
object command
object command
file command
OP
All
OP
OP
Scr
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Resets the temperature controller.
Defines the setpoint mode used by the
temperature controller.
Defines either auto-output mode shift or
manual output mode shift.
Saves data associated with the
temperature controller.
Performs a settinglevel function for the
temperature controller.
Converts a string to a numerical point
value.
Uploads programs in the PLC to
specified files.
Converts a numerical value into a text
point.
Specifies the vertical fill of an object.
Displays a report
Toggles the visibility of an object.
Specifies the width of an object.
Writes a value to an open file.
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Function Name
WriteMessage
Function Type
file command
OMRON
Type
All
Remarks
Writes text to an external file.
The ‘Type’ column refers to the types of script and expression the function can be applied to. ‘All’
refers to both expressions and scripts. ‘Scr’ refers to scripts only. ‘OP’ refers to Object and Page
scripts only.
Object Commands
Object commands control native CX-Supervisor graphical objects, like rectangles or lines.
Note:
Objects are native to CX-Supervisor and therefore cannot be accessed or commands
issued from external script languages, like VBScript or Jscript.
Current Object
Syntax
objectcommand
Remarks
Argument
objectcommand
Description
•
The expression can be made up of the following commands, which are
also described in chapter 6, Object Commands:
•
Colour command.
•
Disable command.
•
Visible command.
•
Move command.
•
Rotate command.
•
Vertical fill command.
•
Horizontal fill command.
•
Height command.
•
Width command.
The content of the commands are made up of arithmetical or logical
expressions, x and y co-ordinates, or references, varying between commands.
The colour command requires a colour identifier.
Typical Example
colour (red)
The current object is specified as red in colour.
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References
Refer to:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
Chapter 6, Blink for use of the blink command.
Chapter 6, Colour for use of the colour command.
Chapter 6, Disable for use of the disable command.
Chapter 6, Height for use of the height command.
Chapter 6, Horizontal Fill for use of the horizontal fill command.
Chapter 6, Move for use of the move command.
Chapter 6, Rotate for use of the rotate command.
Chapter 6,Vertical Fill for use of the vertical fill command.
Chapter 6, Visible for use of the visible command.
Chapter 6, Width for use of the width command.
The CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of the Animation Editor.
Other Objects
Syntax
objectname.objectcommand
pagename.objectname.objectcommand
Remarks
Argument
Description
objectname
This is the name of the object. The object is provided with a generic name on
creation, which can be amended later to something more meaningful. The
script is automatically updated following any amendment to the object name.
This can be made up of the following commands, which are described in
chapter 6, Object Commends:
•
Blink command
•
Colour command.
•
Disable command.
•
Visible command.
•
Move command.
•
Rotate command.
•
Vertical fill command.
•
Horizontal fill command.
•
Height command.
•
Width command.
The content of the commands are made up arithmetical or logical expressions,
x and y co-ordinates, or references, varying between commands. The colour
command requires a colour identifier.
objectcommand
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Typical Examples
POLYGON_1.colour (red)
POLYGON_1.colour = red
The specified object, ‘POLYGON_1’ is set to be red in colour.
References
Refer to:
♦
CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of object names.
♦
Chapter 6, Blink for use of the blink command.
♦
Chapter 6, Colour for use of the colour command.
♦
Chapter 6, Disable for use of the disable command.
♦
Chapter 6, Height for use of the height command.
♦
Chapter 6, Horizontal Fill for use of the horizontal fill command.
♦
Chapter 6, Move for use of the move command.
♦
Chapter 6, Rotate for use of the rotate command.
♦
Chapter 6, Vertical Fill for use of the vertical fill command.
♦
Chapter 6, Visible for use of the visible command.
♦
Chapter 6, Width for use of the width command.
Blink
Syntax
objectname.blink (colour, status)
Remarks
Argument
Description
objectname
This is the name of the object. Where a script is directly attached to an
object, objectname is not required.
Colour to blink to. Some colour values within the colour palette have a
meaningful colourID. This takes the form of the colour name, e.g., ‘black’ or
‘yellow’. Alternatively, an integer value of 0x1000000 can be added to a
number 0-65 to select a palette entry.
This argument may be omitted. May be on of:
TRUE – turn blinking On.
FALSE – turn blinking Off.
If omitted, TRUE is assumed.
colour
status
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Typical Examples
blink (red, TRUE)
Start blinking red.
LINE_1.blink(OxFFFFOO, status)
The object LINE_1 starts or stops blinking yellow depending on value of Boolean point ‘status’.
Colour
Syntax
objectname.colour (expression, context)
colour (expression, context)
or
objectname.colour (colourID, context)
colour (colourID, context)
An equals sign may be used as an alternative to brackets:
objectname.colour = expression
colour = expression
or
objectname.colour = colourID
colour = expression
Either spelling ‘colour’ or ‘color’ is acceptable.
Note: An equals sign may also be used for most other object commands, even if it is not directly
specified in this manual.
Remarks
Argument
objectname
expression
colourID
context
Revision 2.0
Description
This is the name of the object. Where a script is directly attached to an
object, objectname is not required.
The expression may be an Integer point, or a calculation of constants and/or
points that produce an Integer value between 0 and 16777215. This is the
desired colour’s RGB value. (format is 0xBBGGRR).
Some colour values within the colour palette have a meaningful colourID.
This takes the form of the colour name, e.g., ‘black’ or ‘yellow’.
Alternatively, an integer value of 0x1000000 can be added to a number 0-65
to select a palette entry.
This argument is optional an may be omitted. It defines which part of the
object has it’s colour changed. May be one or more of:
@FILL – change fill colour
@FRAME – changes frame colour
If omitted both are changed. Equivalent to @FILL | @FRAME
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Typical Examples
TEXT_3.colour (blue)
or
TEXT_3.colour = blue
The object ‘TEXT_3’ is set to blue.
BALL.colour (35 + 0x1000000)
The object ‘BALL’ is set to colour 35 from the colour palette.
BALL.colour (0xFF0000,@FILL)
The object ‘BALL’ is set to blue.
shade = tint1 + tint2
IF shade > 65 OR shade < 0 THEN
shade = 0
ENDIF
ELLIPSE_1.colour (shade + 0x1000000)
The point ‘shade’ is set to a value based on ‘tint1’ and ‘tint2’, and is tested first to ensure that it is a
value between 0 and 65. If ‘shade’ falls outside this range, then it cannot be applied as a colour to an
object, and is therefore reset to 0 (or black). ELLIPSE_1’ is set to the palette colour of the value of
shade.
References
Refer to chapter 6, Colour Palette for details of colour names and colour numbers.
Disable
Syntax
objectname.disable (expression)
Remarks
Argument
objectname
expression
Description
This is the name of the selectable object. Where a script is directly attached
to an object, objectname is not required.
The expression can be made up of points resulting in ‘TRUE’ or ‘FALSE’.
Typical Examples
disable (TRUE)
The current pushbutton object to which this example applies is disabled.
PUSH_8.disable (count AND flag)
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The selectable object ‘PUSH_8’ is disabled provided Integer point ‘count’ AND Boolean point ‘flag’
return ‘‘TRUE’’.
Height
Syntax
objectname.height (expression, context)
objectname.height = expression
Remarks
Argument
Description
objectname
This is the name of the object, following any amendment to the object name.
Where a script is directly attached to an object, objectname is not required.
This is a value, point or an arithmetic expression returning a new height value
in pixels.
This argument is optional and may be omitted. It defines which part of the
object is the datum, and remains static. May be one of:
@TOP – uses object top as datum.
@CENTRE – uses object centre as datum
@BOTTOM – uses object bottom as datum
If omitted @CENTRE is assumed
expression
context
Typical Examples
height (100)
or
height = 100
The height of the current object is set to 100.
LINE_1.height (stretch/offset, @top)
The height of object ‘LINE_1’ is changed to the value calculated by points ‘stretch’ and ‘offset’,
keeping the top where it is.
Horizontal Fill
Syntax
objectname.horizontal%fill (expression, context)
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Remarks
Argument
objectname
expression
context
Description
This is the name of the object. Where a script is directly attached to an
object, objectname is not required.
This is an arithmetic expression that must return a value between 0 and 100.
On return of a valid result, the fill commences from left to right.
This argument is optional and may be omitted. It defines which side of the
object is filled from. May be one of:
@LEFT – fill from the left
@RIGHT – fill from the right
If omitted, @LEFT is assumed
Typical Examples
horizontal%fill (50)
The current object to which this example applies is filled by 50%.
ELLIPSE_1.horizontal%fill (GAS_LEVEL, @RIGHT)
The object ‘ELLIPSE_1’ is filled from the right, provided the point ‘GAS_LEVEL’ returns a valid
result, between 0 and 100.
Move
Syntax
objectname.move (x co-ordinate, y co-ordinate)
Remarks
Argument
Description
objectname
This is the name of the object. following any amendment to the object name.
Where a script is directly attached to an object, objectname is not required.
The x and y co-ordinates of the origin of the object at its resultant position in
pixels are specified in the form (x, y). Points alone or as part of an arithmetic
expression may be used as a basis for this expression.
x co-ordinate
y co-ordinate
Typical Examples
move (100, 200)
The current object to which this example applies is moved to the specified position.
POLYGON_1.move (xpos, ypos/5)
The object ‘POLYGON_1’ is moved to the position specified by points ‘xpos’ and ‘ypos’ divided by
5.
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Rotate
Syntax
objectname.rotate (angle, context, fixed, xcoord, ycoord)
Remarks
Argument
objectname
angle
context
fixed
xcoord
ycoord
Description
This is the name of the object. Where a script is directly attached to an
object, objectname is not required.
The angle of rotation can range between 0 to 360 in a clockwise direction.
Points alone, or as part of an arithmetic expression may be used as an angle.
This argument is not required and may be omitted. May be one of:
@TOPLEFT – rotate around top left of object
@TOPCENTRE –rotate around top centre of object
@TOPRIGHT – rotate around top right of object
@CENTRELEFT – rotate around centre left of object
@CENTRE – rotate around centre of object
@CENTRERIGHT – rotate around centre right of object
@BOTTOMLEFT – rotate around bottom left of object
@BOTTEMCENTRE – rotate around bottom centre of object
@ BOTTOMRIGHT – rotate around bottom right of object
@USERDEFINED – user defined point specified in xcoord and ycoord.
This argument may be omitted. If this boolean value is true, the rotation
origin is fixed to the screen, even if the object is moved. Otherwise, the
rotation origin is relative to object position.
Only required if @USERDEFINED is specified. These integer variables
specify the rotation origin in pixels
Typical Examples
rotate (45)
The current object to which this example applies is rotated by 45°.
RECTANGLE_1.rotate(tilt, @USERDEFINED, 0, -100, 10)
The object ‘RECTANGLE_1’ is rotated by the value of ‘tilt’, about a point –100, 10 relative to the
objects current position.
rotate (a * sin(b))
The current object is rotated based on the result of an arithmetic expression involving points named
‘a and ‘b’.
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Vertical Fill
Syntax
objectname.vertical%fill (expression, context)
Remarks
Argument
objectname
expression
context
Description
This is the name of the object. Where a script is directly attached to an
object, objectname is not required.
This is an arithmetic expression that must return a value between 0 and 100.
On return of a valid result, the fill commences from bottom to top.
This argument may be omitted. May be one of:
@DOWN – Fill object downwards
@UP – Fill object upwards
If omitted, @UP is assumed
Typical Examples
vertical%fill (50)
The current object to which this example applies is filled by 50%.
ELLIPSE_1.vertical%fill (OIL_QUANTITY, @DOWN)
The object ‘ELLIPSE_1’ is filled provided the point ‘OIL QUANTITY’ returns a valid result,
between 0 and 100.
Visible
Syntax
objectname.visible (expression)
Remarks
Argument
objectname
expression
Description
This is the name of the object. Where a script is directly attached to an
object, objectname is not required.
The expression can be made up of points resulting in ‘TRUE’ or ‘FALSE’.
Typical Examples
visible (TRUE)
The current object to which this example applies becomes visible.
POLYLINE_8.visible (count AND flag)
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The object ‘POLYLINE_8’ is made visible provided Integer point ‘count’ AND Boolean point ‘flag’
return ‘‘TRUE’’.
Width
Syntax
objectname.width (expression, context)
Remarks
Argument
Description
objectname
This is the name of the object. Where a script is directly attached to an
object, objectname is not required.
This is a value, point or an arithmetic expression returning a new width value
in pixels.
This argument may be omitted. May be one of:
@LEFT – use left of object as datum.
@CENTRE – use centre of object as datum.
@RIGHT – use right of object as datum.
If omitted, @CENTRE is assumed.
expression
context
Typical Examples
width (150)
The width of the current object is set to 150.
LINE_1.width (squeeze/offset, @RIGHT)
The width of object ‘LINE_1’ is changed to the value calculated by points ‘squeeze’ and ‘offset’,
keeping the rightmost point fixed.
Page Commands
Display Page
Syntax
display ("pagename")
or
display ("pagename", X, Y)
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Remarks
Argument
Description
pagename
This is the name of the page for display, based on its filename without the file
extension, e.g. the pagename for CAR.PAG is simply ‘CAR’.
Typical Examples
display ("CAR")
The page ‘CAR.PAG’ is displayed.
textpoint = “CAR”
display(textpoint)
The page ‘CAR.PAG’ is displayed.
display("CAR", 100, 200)
The page ‘CAR.PAG’ is displayed in a custom position, 100 pixels across from the left of the main
window and 200 pixels down from the top.
Close Page
Syntax
close ("pagename")
Remarks
Argument
Description
pagename
This is the name of the page for closure, based on its filename without the file
extension, e.g. the pagename for CAR.PAG is simply ‘CAR’. The pagename
for closure must be currently open.
Note:
The ‘close’ operation will cause the page to be unloaded, including all objects,
ActiveX controls and scripts. Care must be taken not to attempt to access them after the
close instruction.
Note:
Where the script containing the ‘close’ instruction is on the page to be closed, this
should be the last instruction in the script as it will cause the script to be unloaded.
Typical Examples
close("CAR")
The page ‘CAR.PAG’ is closed.
textpoint = “CAR”
close(textpoint)
The page ‘CAR.PAG’ is closed.
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General Commands
Exponential
Description
Mathematical function to calculate a value raised to a power.
Syntax
result = Exp (value, exponent)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
result
integer
value
exponent
integer
integer
Point name to receive returned result of value raised to
the power of exponent.
Number to raise.
Power to raise value by.
Typical Example
MSBMask = Exp (2, 15)
In this example, ‘MSBMask’ is assigned the value 215, i.e. 32,768.
PlayOLE
Description
Initiate an OLE verb or ‘method’ on an OLE 2 object. The verb number is object dependent so refer
to the object’s documentation. This function is now largely obsolete as most objects are nowadays
ActiveX objects.
Syntax
returnstate = PlayOLE(“objectname”,OLEVerbNumber)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
objectname
OLEVerbNumber
bool
string
integer
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
The identifier of the OLE object to be played.
The verb number has a specific meaning to the OLE
application. Typical values are:
0: specifies the action that occurs when an end-user double
clicks the object in its container. The object determines this
action (often ‘edit’ or ‘play’).
-1: instructs the object to show itself for editing or viewing.
Usually an alias for some other object-defined verb.
-2: instructs an object to open itself for editing in a window
separate from that of its container.
-3: causes an object to remove its user interface from the view.
Applies only to objects that are activated in-place.
Positive numbers designate object specific verbs.
Typical Example
PlayOLE(“ole_1”,0)
The object ‘ole_1’ is played using its primary verb.
DisplayPicture
Description
Reload a picture for a Picture object.
Syntax
returnstate = DisplayPicture("objectname", filename)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
objectname
bool
string
filename
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
The identifier of the bitmap object with a to be loaded and
displayed
The filename of the bitmap to be displayed. This can be a
constant (inside quotes) or a text point.
Typical Example
DisplayPicture("Bitmap_1","C:\Application\Floorplan1.bmp")
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The object "Bitmap_1" will load and display the Floorplan1 bitmap.
DisplayPicture("Bitmap_2", txtFileName)
The object "Bitmap_2" will load and display the file name stored in txtFileName text point.
PlaySound
Description
Plays a Windows .WAV sound file using the standard Windows sound channel and Sound Card
driver.
Syntax
returnstate = PlaySound(“soundfile”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
soundfile
bool
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Path of sound file to be played.
Typical Example
PlaySound(“c:\noise.wav”)
The soundfile “c:\noise.wav” is played.
Rand
Description
Returns a random integer, between 0 and the specified limit.
Syntax
pointname = Rand(upperlimit)
Remarks
Revision 2.0
Argument
Type
Description
upperlimit
integer
pointname
Integer
point
The maximum negative or positive integer value that the Rand
function can generate.
Point that contains the integer returned from the Rand function.
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Typical Example
randomnumber = Rand(upperlimit)
A random integer in the range 0 to upperlimit is returned and contained in the point ‘randomnumber’.
Maximum upperlimit is 32767.
Note:
If ‘upperlimit’ is negative then the range is 0 to the negative number.
RunApplication
Description
Requests the operating system runs a new program. It will run in a separate process and
RunApplication does not wait for the application to be launched. The specified filename must be
executable i.e. have an extension of .EXE, .COM or .BAT.
Syntax
returnstate = RunApplication(“executable”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
executable
bool
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Pathname of executable file.
Typical Example
RunApplication(“c:\myprog.exe”)
The executable file c:\myprog.exe is run.
RunHelp
Description
Invokes the Windows Help engine and loads a help file, showing a specific topic number.
Syntax
returnstate = RunHelp(“helpfile”,helpindex)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
helpfile
helpindex
bool
string
integer
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Pathname of helpfile to be run.
Index into a help topic as defined by the help file being run.
Typical Example
RunHelp(“c:\myhelp.hlp”,0)
The helpfile c:\myhelp.hlp is run, and topic 0 shown.
SetLanguage
Description
Change the language of text on display. This will reload the system language file from the program
folder (i.e. with a .LNG extension), and the user defined text from the application folder (i.e. with a
.USL extension). This function is the programmatic equivalent of the user right clicking and changing
the “Language Settings…” option.
Syntax
SetLanguage(“language name”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
language name
string
Name of language to set to. Must be identical to filename of
related file with “.lng” file extension. Standard options are
English, Czech, Danish, Deutsch, Español, Finnish, French,
Italiano, Nederlands (België), Norwegian, Português, Slovenija
and Swedish. In addition “Default” will load the designers
default language.
Typical Example
SetLanguage("Español")
In this example, the Spanish language files will be loaded.
SetLanguage("Default")
In this example, the language will revert to the default specified by the application designer.
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GetPerformanceInfo
Description
Read the value of a performance and diagnostics Property as shown by the Performance Monitor and
Diagnostics dialog.
Syntax
returnvalue = GetPerformanceInfo(PLC, Point, "Property Name")
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
PLC
bool
string
Point
string
Property Name
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
If specified, is the name of the PLC to get the property of. If the
property is not a PLC property then specify empty string "".
If specified, is the name of the Point to get the property of. If
the property is not a Point property then specify empty string "".
Name of Property to read. Must be identical to the displayed
property name. If both PLC and Point are empty strings then the
'Summary' property is returned
Typical Example
GetPerformanceInfo("", "", "Performance Index")
In this example, the Summary Performance Index will be read..
GetPerformanceInfo("", "", "Processing Time (ms)")
In this example, the CPU Time processing time will be read.
GetPerformanceInfo("MyPLC", "", "Actual CPS")
In this example, the actual characters per second for 'MyPLC' will be returned.
GetPerformanceInfo("", "MyPoint", "Read Callbacks")
In this example, the read callbacks for 'MyPoint' point will be returned.
ShutDown
Description
Closes the CX-Supervisor application.
Syntax
returnstate = ShutDown()
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Typical Example
ShutDown()
CX-Supervisor runtime operation is terminated.
Communications Commands
CloseComponent
Syntax
Returnstate = CloseComponent(ComponentName, PLCName)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
ComponentName
bool
text
PLCName
text
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
A Text point or text constant containing the name of the
component to close.
Text point or text constant containing the name of the PLC that
the component to close is attached to.
Typical Examples
CloseComponent(“PLC Data Monitor”, “MyPLC”)
In this example, the PLC Data Monitor component monitoring the PLC ‘MyPLC’ is closed.
Component = “Performance Monitor”
PLC = “PLC06”
OK = CloseComponent(Component, PLC)
In this example, the Performance Monitor component monitoring the PLC ‘PLC06’ is closed. ‘OK’
is used to determine if the action was successful.
EnableOLE
Syntax
returnstate = EnableOLE(pointname)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
Pointname
bool
bool point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
A Boolean point that holds the required enable/disable state.
Typical Examples
EnableOLE(result)
OLE functions are enabled based on the value of point ‘result’. If result is ‘TRUE’, then OLE is
enabled. If result is ‘FALSE’, then OLE is disabled.
EnableOLE(TRUE)
OLE functions can also be enabled directly without using a point to hold the desired status.
EnablePLC
Syntax
returnstate = EnablePLC(pointname)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
pointname
bool
bool point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
A Boolean point that holds the required enable/disable state.
Typical Examples
EnablePLC(result)
PLC functions are enabled based on the value of point ‘result’. If result is ‘TRUE’, then PLC
functions are enabled. If result is ‘FALSE’, then they are disabled.
EnablePLC(TRUE)
PLC functions can also be enabled directly without using a point to hold the desired status.
OpenComponent
Syntax
Returnstate = OpenComponent(ComponentName, PLCName)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
ComponentName
bool
text
PLCName
text
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
A Text point or text constant containing the name of the
component to open.
Text point or text constant containing the name of the PLC that
the component to open is attached to.
Typical Examples
OpenComponent(“PLC Data Monitor”, “MyPLC”)
In this example, the PLC Data Monitor component monitoring the PLC ‘MyPLC’ is opened.
Component = “Performance Monitor”
PLC = “PLC06”
OK = OpenComponent(Component, PLC)
In this example, the Performance Monitor component monitoring the PLC ‘PLC06’ is opened. ‘OK’
is used to determine if the action was successful.
Point Commands
CancelForce
Syntax
returnstate = CancelForce(pointname)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
pointname
bool
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Name of point. If the point is an array point then all elements
within the array have the CancelForce command applied.
Typical Example
CancelForce(point1)
The forcing of values on the point ‘point1’ is cancelled.
References
Refer to PLC operation manuals for a detailed description of Force Set, and Force Reset.
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CopyArray
Syntax
CopyArray (SourceArray, DestArray)
Remarks
Argument
Type
SourceArray
DestArray
-----
Description
Name of point array to copy from.
Name of point array to copy to.
Typical Example
InitArray (DestArray, 0)
First initialise ‘DestArray’.
SourceArray [0] = 1
SourceArray [1] = 2
SourceArray [2] = 3
Then, initialise ‘SourceArray’ to {1, 2, 3}.
CopyArray (SourceArray, DestArray)
Finally, copy the content of the source array ‘SourceArray’ to the destination array ‘DestArray’.
The two arrays do not have to be the same size as each other, for example if ‘DestArray’ contains 20
elements, only elements [0], [1] and [2] are set to 1, 2 and 3 respectively, the remaining elements are
unchanged i.e. O’s. If ‘DestArray’ is smaller than ‘SourceArray’ i.e. it contains two elements then
only elements [0] and [1] are set to 1 and 2 respectively.
Note:
‘CopyArray’ accepts arrays of different type i.e. Boolean arrays can be copied into
Real arrays, the only restriction is that Text arrays cannot be copied into numeric
arrays and vice- versa.
DisableGroup
Syntax
returnstate = DisableGroup(groupname)
Remarks
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Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
groupname
bool
text
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Name of the group containing the points to disable.
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Typical Example
DisableGroup(“<Default>“)
All points belonging to the <Default> group is disabled thus preventing values from being
read\written.
DisablePoint
Syntax
returnstate = DisablePoint(pointname)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
Pointname
bool
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Name of point to be disabled.
Typical Example
DisablePoint(point1)
The point ‘point1’ is disabled thus preventing values to be read/written.
Note:
This is useful for optimisation of communications.
EditPoint
Syntax
EditPoint(BoolPoint, Caption, OffText, OnText)
or
EditPoint(AnalogPoint, Caption, MinValue, MaxValue, Keyboard)
or
EditPoint(TextPoint, EchoOff, Keyboard)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
BoolPoint
Caption
OffText
OnText
AnalogPoint
MinValue
MaxValue
Keyboard
TextPoint
EchoOff
point
Text
Text
Text
point
Int/Real
Int/Real
Bool
point
Bool
Description
Name of Boolean point to be edited
Text Caption for Edit dialog
Text description for Boolean state 0
Text description for Boolean state 1
Name of Integer or Real point to be edited
Minimum value to be entered
Maximum value to be entered
Flag set to TRUE to display the onscreen keyboard
Name of Text point to be edited
Flag set to TRUE if input is not to be echoed for security
Typical Example
EditPoint(bFlag, "Select ON or OFF", "ON", "OFF")
A dialog is displayed to edit the Boolean point ‘bFlag’, to “ON” or “OFF” with a caption “Select ON
or OFF”.
EditPoint(nValue, "Enter a new value", 0.000000, 9999.000000, FALSE )
A dialog is displayed to edit the analogue point ‘nValue’, between 0 and 9999 with a caption “Enter a
new value” without using the onscreen keyboard.
EditPoint(txtMessage, "Set Text to", FALSE ,FALSE )
A dialog is displayed to edit the Text point ‘txtMessage’, with a caption “Set Text to”, echoing the
input and not displaying the onscreen keyboard.
EnableGroup
Syntax
returnstate = EnableGroup(groupname)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
groupname
bool
text
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Name of the group containing the points to enable.
Typical Example
EnableGroup(“<Default>“)
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All points belonging to the ‘<Default>’ group is enabled thus allowing values to be read\written.
EnablePoint
Syntax
returnstate = EnablePoint(pointname)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
pointname
bool
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Name of point to be enabled.
Typical Example
EnablePoint(point1)
The point ‘point1’ is enabled thus allowing values to be read/written.
Force
Syntax
returnstate = Force(pointname)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
pointname
bool
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Name of point to have force state applied. If the point is an
array point then all elements within the array have the Force
command applied.
Typical Example
Force(point1)
The point ‘point1’ is locked in its current state. i.e. if it is currently set to 1 it cannot be changed until
the forced state is removed via the CancelForce command.
ForceReset
Syntax
returnstate = ForceReset(pointname)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
pointname
bool
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Name of point. If the point is an array point then all elements
within the array have the ForceReset command applied.
Typical Example
ForceReset(point1)
The Boolean point ‘point1’ has its value set to ‘FALSE’.
References
Refer to PLC operation manuals for a detailed description of ForceSet, and ForceReset.
ForceSet
Syntax
returnstate = ForceSet(pointname)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
pointname
bool
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Name of point. If the point is an array point then all elements
within the array have the ForceSet command applied.
Typical Example
ForceSet(point1)
The Boolean point ‘point1’ has its value set to ‘TRUE’.
References
Refer to PLC operation manuals for a detailed description of Force Set, and Force Reset.
GetBit
Syntax
returnpoint = GetBit(pointname,bit)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
pointname
Integer /
real
integer
bool
bit
returnpoint
Description
This is the name of the point to get the bit value from.
Indirection or point value may be used.
This specifies which bit to get the value of.
This contains the return value ‘TRUE’ or ‘FALSE’.
Typical Example
pointname = 256;
returnpoint = GetBit(pointname,8)
The point ‘returnpoint’ contains ‘TRUE’.
InitialiseArray
Syntax
InitArray (arrayname, value)
Remarks
Argument
Type
arrayname
value
-----
Description
Name of point array.
Value to set all elements of the array to.
Typical Example
InitArray (MyArray, 0)
In this example, all elements of the array ‘MyArray’ are set to 0.
InputPoint
Syntax
returnstate = InputPoint(pointname, returnflag)
Remarks
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Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
pointname
returnflag
bool
point
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
The point name whose data is to be read.
Optional Boolean point which is set to ‘TRUE’ when value is
returned from the PLC.
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Typical Examples
InputPoint(point)
returnflag = FALSE
InputPoint(point, returnflag)
A request is made that the current value of point ‘point’ should be read. In the second example,
returnflag is set to ‘TRUE’ when the value is returned from the PLC.
Note:
The value is not returned immediately - it is not possible to use the returned value in
the same script as the InputPoint command. Instead, the value should be accessed from
within an “On Condition” script which has an expression of ‘returnflag = TRUE’.
OutputPoint
Syntax
returnstate = OutputPoint(pointname)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
pointname
bool
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
The point to be updated.
Typical Examples
OutputPoint(result)
The point ‘result’ is updated with its current value.
Note:
The value of a point connected to a PLC is not be set if the point is currently in a
“forced” state.
PointExists
Syntax
returnpoint = PointExists(pointname)
Remarks
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Argument
Type
pointname
returnpoint
string
point
Description
This text contains the point name.
Boolean point that contains the return value.
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Typical Example
PointName=“Testpoint”
Exists=PointExists(PointName)
The Boolean point ‘Exists’ is set to ‘TRUE’ if a point called ‘TestPoint’ exists.
Note:
“PointName” is a text point which can be set to any string value.
SetBit
Syntax
returnstate = SetBit(pointname,bit,value)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
pointname
bool
integer/
real
integer
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
This is the name of the point to set the bit for. Indirection or
point arrays may be used.
This specifies the bit to set.
This specifies the value to set the bit to.
bit
value
Typical Example
testpoint = 0;
SetBit(testpoint,4,TRUE)
The point ‘testpoint’ contains the value 16.
PLC Commands
ClosePLC
Syntax
returnstate = ClosePLC(“plcname”)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
plcname
bool
string
1 if the function is successful otherwise 0.
Name of PLC to be opened. If the PLC is being accessed using
a communications component, e.g. the Omron CXCommunications Control this parameter should be the control
name and PLC name separated by a dot e.g.
“OMRONCXCommunicationsControl.controlPLC”.
Typical Example
ClosePLC(“controlPLC”)
The PLC called controlPLC is closed. No further communications with the PLC will take place until
it is reopened.
DownloadPLCProgram
Syntax
returnstate = DownloadPLCProgram(plcname, filename, processed)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
plcname
filename
bool
string
string
processed
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Name of PLC to download the program to.
Name of the file on disk to download to the PLC. If a drive and
path are not specified, the current directory is assumed, which
may not be the same as the application directory. If a filename
is specified as “” the user is prompted at runtime for a filename.
processed is set to ‘TRUE’ when the operation is actually
completed.
Typical Example
DownloadPLCProgram(“controlPLC”, “Prog01.bin”, done)
The program stored in the file ‘Prog01.bin’ in the current directory is downloaded to the PLC
‘controlPLC’. Before continuing, the script waits up to five seconds for the action to succeed.
Note:
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The operation may not be complete immediately after the statement has been executed.
The processed flag ‘done’ is set at a later time when the operation has been completed.
Therefore, if using statements that require the upload to be completed create an On
Condition script containing the code to be executed after the upload, with the processed
flag as the expression (e.g. ‘done’).
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Note:
This command can only be used when the PLC is in ‘STOP’ mode. Refer to chapter 6,
GetPLCMode or chapter 6, SetPLCMode for further information.
GetPLCMode
Syntax
mode = GetPLCMode(“plcname”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
mode
string
plcname
string
A Text point containing the current PLC mode. Possible modes
are ‘STOP’, ‘DEBUG’, ‘RUN’, ‘MONITOR’ and
‘UNKNOWN’.
Name of the PLC.
Typical Example
currentmode = GetPLCMode(“controlPLC”)
In this example, the current mode of the PLC ‘controlPLC’ is stored in the point ‘currentmode’.
OpenPLC
Syntax
Returnstate = OpenPLC(“plcname”, processed)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
plcname
bool
string
processed
bool
1 if the function is successful otherwise 0.
Name of PLC to be opened. If the PLC is being accessed using
a communications component, e.g. the Omron CXCommunications Control this parameter should be the control
name and PLC name separated by a dot e.g.
“OMRONCXCommunicationsControl.controlPLC”.
Flag set to TRUE when set operation has actually been
completed.
Typical Example
OpenPLC(“controlPLC”, doneopen)
The PLC called controlPLC is opened for communication.
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Note that the PLC may not be opened immediately after the statement has been executed. The
processed flag will be set at a later time when the operation has been completed. Therefore, if using
statements which require the operation to be completed create an On Condition script containing the
code to be executed after the PLC is opened with the ‘processed' flag as the expression (this is
generally more efficient).
PLCCommsFailed
Syntax
returnstate = PLCCommsFailed(“plcname”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
plcname
bool
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Name of PLC to be checked.
Typical Example
IsFailing = PLCCommsFailed (“controlPLC”)
The point IsFailing is set to true if the PLC called controlPLC is currently not communicating.
Otherwise it is set to false.
Note:
This function returns to TRUE from the time when a communications timeout error
with the named PLC occurs, until successful communication with the PLC takes place.
PLCMonitor
Syntax
returnstate = PLCMonitor(“plcname”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
plcname
bool
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Name of PLC to be monitored.
Typical Example
PLCMonitor(“controlPLC”)
The monitor dialog for the PLC called controlPLC is invoked. This dialog can be used to check PLC
status, change mode, etc.
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SetPLCMode
Syntax
returnstate = SetPLCMode(“plcname”, mode, processed)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
plcname
mode
bool
string
string
processed
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Name of PLC.
A value for the new PLC mode. Valid modes are ‘STOP’,
‘DEBUG’, ‘RUN’ and ‘MONITOR’.
processed is set to ‘TRUE’ when the operation is actually
completed.
Typical Examples
SetPLCMode(“controlPLC”, “STOP”, done)
In this example, the mode of the PLC called ‘controlPLC’ is changed to “STOP”.
Note:
The mode may not be changed immediately after the statement has been executed. The
processed flag ‘done’ is set at a later time when the operation has been completed.
Therefore, if using statements that require the operation to be completed create an On
Condition script containing the code to be executed after the mode is set, with the
processed flag as the expression (e.g. ‘done’).
SetPLCPhoneNumber
Syntax
Returnstate = SetPLCPhoneNumber(“plcname”, numbertext)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
plcname
numbertext
bool
string
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Name of PLC to change the number of.
New phone number for the PLC.
Typical Example
SetPLCPhoneNumber(“controlPLC”, “01234 987654”)
The phone number for the PLC is changed to the required value.
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UploadPLCProgram
Syntax
returnstate = UploadPLCProgram(plcname, filename, processed)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
plcname
filename
bool
string
string
processed
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Name of PLC to upload the program from.
Name of the file on disk to upload the program to. If a drive
and path are not specified, the file is created in the current
directory, which may not be the same as the application
directory. If a filename is specified as “” the user is prompted
at runtime for a filename.
processed is set to ‘TRUE’ when the operation is actually
completed.
Typical Example
UploadPLCProgram(“controlPLC”, “Prog01.bin”, done)
The program in the PLC ‘controlPLC’ is uploaded to the file ‘Prog01.bin’ in the current directory.
Before continuing, the script waits up to five seconds for the action to succeed.
Note:
The operation may not be complete immediately after the statement has been executed.
The processed flag ‘done’ is set at a later time when the operation has been completed.
Therefore, if using statements that require the upload to be completed create an On
Condition script containing the code to be executed after the upload, with the processed
flag as the expression (e.g. ‘done’).
Note:
This command can only be used when the PLC is in ‘STOP’ mode. Refer to chapter 6,
GetPLCMode or chapter 6, SetPLCMode for further information.
Temperature Controller Commands
TCAutoTune
Syntax
returnstate = TCAutoTune(TController,mode)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
TController
bool
string
mode
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
This is a string representing the name of the temperature
controller.
This is a point depicting the mode of operation and defines the
operation to be carried out when a TCAutoTune command is
issued.
0: Indicates that the auto-tuning operation is to be stopped.
1: This mode is supported on the E5*K and is used to set the
limit cycle of the manipulated variable change width to 40%.
2: This is used to start the auto-tuning operation.
Typical Example
temp1 = TCAutoTune(“e5ak”,temp2)
TCBackupMode
Syntax
returnstate = TCBackupMode(TController,mode)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
TController
bool
string
mode
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
This is a string representing the name of the temperature
controller.
This is a point depicting the mode of operation and defines the
method used by a temperature controller for storing internal
variables.
0: In this mode variables are stored in RAM and EPROM.
1: In this mode variables are stored in RAM only.
Typical Example
temp1 = TCBackupMode(“ea5k”,temp2)
TCGetStatusParameter
Syntax
returnstate = TCGetStatusParameter(TController,paramID,value)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
TController
bool
string
paramID
point
value
point,
real or int
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
This is a string representing the name of the temperature
controller.
This is a point depicting the required parameter range 0 to 22:
0: ControlMode.
1: Output.
2: InputShiftDelay (Bool) E5*F, E5*X, E5*J.
3: DisplayUnit.
4: PIDConstantDisplay (Bool) E5*F, E5*X, E5*J.
5: OutputType.
6: CoolingType.
7: Output2.
8: Alarm1.
9: Alarm2.
10: InputType (Integer) E5*F, E5*X, E5*J.
11: OperationMode.
12: BackupMode.
13: AutoTuneMode.
14: OverFlow (Bool) E5*F, E5*X, E5*J.
15: UnderFlow (Bool) E5*F, E5*X, E5*J.
16: SensorMalfunction (Bool) E5*F, E5*X, E5*J.
17: ADConvertorFailure (Bool) E5*F, E5*X, E5*J.
18: RAMAbnormality (Bool) E5*F, E5*X, E5*J.
19: RAMMismatch (Bool) E5*F, E5*X, E5*J.
20: StatusWordsOnly (Bool) E5*K only (TRUE indicates
valid words below).
21: Status0 (word) E5*K only.
22: Status1 (word) E5*K only.
The returned status parameter value. Refer to paramID above
for details.
Typical Example
temp1 = TcGetStatusParameter(“e5ak”,temp2,temp3)
TCRemoteLocal
Syntax
returnstate = TCRemoteLocal(TController,mode)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
TController
bool
string
mode
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
This is a string representing the name of the temperature
controller.
This is a point depicting the mode of operation and defines the
operational mode of a temperature controller.
0: This specifies the temperature controller is in remote mode.
1: This specifies that the temperature controller is in local mode.
Typical Example
temp1 = TCRemoteLocal(“e5ak”,temp2)
Note:
This command was previously called TCOperationalMode.
TCRequestStatus
Syntax
returnstate = TCRequestStatus(Tcontroller, returnflag)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
TController
Bool
String
returnflag
Point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
This is a string representing the name of the temperature
controller.
This is a point depicting that the status has been returned and is
available for the command TCGetStatusParameter.
Typical Example
temp1 = TCRequestStatus(“e5ak”, temp2)
Note:
The status information is NOT returned immediately - it is not possible to access the
status information in the same script as the TCRequestStatus command. Instead, the
status information should be accessed from within an “On Condition” script which has
an expression of “returnflag == TRUE”.
TCRspLsp
Syntax
returnstate = TCRspLsp(Tcontroller,mode)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
TController
Bool
String
mode
Point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
This is a string representing the name of the temperature
controller.
This is a point depicting the mode of operation and defines the
setpoint mode used by the temperature controller.
0: This specifies remote setpoint mode.
1: This specifies local setpoint mode.
Typical Example
temp1 = TCRspLsp(“e5ak”,temp2)
Note:
This command was previously called TCSetpoint.
TCRunStop
Syntax
returnstate = TCRunStop(TController,mode)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
TController
bool
string
mode
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
This is a string representing the name of the temperature
controller.
This is a point depicting the mode of operation and defines
either auto-output mode shift or manual output mode shift.
0: This specifies manual output mode shift.
1: This specifies auto-output mode shift.
Typical Example
temp1 = TCRunStop(“e5ak”,temp2)
Note:
This command was previously called TCModeShift.
TCSaveData
Syntax
returnstate = TCSaveData(TController)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
TController
Bool
String
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
This is a string representing the name of the temperature
controller.
Typical Example
temp1 = TCSaveData(“e5ak”,temp2)
TCSettingLevel1
Syntax
returnstate = TCSettingLevel1(TController)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
TController
Bool
String
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
This is a string representing the name of the temperature
controller.
Typical Example
temp1 = TCSettingLevel1(“e5ak”)
TCReset
Syntax
returnstate = TCReset(TController)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
TController
Bool
String
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
This is a string representing the name of the temperature
controller.
Typical Example
temp1 = TCReset(“e5ak”)
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Alarm Commands
AcknowledgeAlarm
Syntax
returnstate = AcknowledgeAlarm(“alarmname”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
returnstate
alarmname
bool
string
Description
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
This is the identifier of the alarm.
Typical Example
AcknowledgeAlarm(“temphigh”)
The alarm ‘temphigh’ is acknowledged.
References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of alarms.
AcknowledgeAllAlarms
Syntax
returnstate = AcknowledgeAllAlarms()
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Typical Example
AcknowledgeAllAlarms()
All alarms are acknowledged.
References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of alarms.
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AcknowledgeLatestAlarm
Syntax
returnstate = AcknowledgeLatestAlarm()
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Typical Example
AcknowledgeLatestAlarm()
The most current alarm of the highest priority is acknowledged.
References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of alarms.
ClearAlarmHistory
Syntax
returnstate = ClearAlarmHistory()
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Typical Example
ClearAlarmHistory()
The alarm history window is cleared and the log is cleared.
References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of alarms.
CloseAlarmHistory
Syntax
returnstate = CloseAlarmHistory()
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Typical Example
CloseAlarmHistory()
The alarm history window is closed.
References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of alarms
CloseAlarmStatus
Syntax
returnstate = CloseAlarmStatus()
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Typical Example
CloseAlarmStatus()
The current alarm status window is closed.
References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of alarms.
DisplayAlarmHistory
Syntax
returnstate = DisplayAlarmHistory()
Remarks
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Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
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Typical Example
DisplayAlarmHistory()
The alarm history window is displayed.
References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of alarms.
DisplayAlarmStatus
Syntax
returnstate = DisplayAlarmStatus()
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Typical Example
DisplayAlarmStatus()
The current alarm status is displayed.
References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of alarms.
EnableAlarms
Syntax
EnableAlarms (flag, “message”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
flag
---
message
---
Description
If set ‘TRUE’ then alarm logging is enabled. If set ‘FALSE’
logging is disabled.
Text message which is recorded in the alarm log to indicate
change of status.
Typical Example
EnableAlarms (TRUE, “Alarm logging enabled”)
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References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of alarms.
IsAlarmAcknowledged
Syntax
pointname = IsAlarmAcknowledged("alarmname")
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
pointname
bool point
alarmname
string
The Boolean point name to be assigned a value based on the test
of an acknowledged alarm.
The identifier of the alarm.
Typical Example
acknowledged = IsAlarmAcknowledged("temptoohigh")
The point ‘acknowledged’ is assigned Boolean state ‘‘TRUE’’ if the ‘temptoohigh’ alarm is currently
acknowledged. The point is assigned Boolean state ‘FALSE’ if the alarm is not currently
acknowledged.
References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of alarms.
IsAlarmActive
Syntax
pointname = IsAlarmActive("alarmname")
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
pointname
bool point
alarmname
string
The Boolean point name to be assigned a value based on the test
of an active alarm.
The identifier of the alarm.
Typical Example
active = IsAlarmActive("temptoohigh")
The point ‘active’ is assigned Boolean state ‘‘TRUE’’ if the ‘temptoohigh’ alarm is currently active.
The point is assigned Boolean state ‘FALSE’ if the alarm is not currently active.
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References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of alarms.
File Commands
CloseFile
Syntax
returnstate = CloseFile(pointname)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
pointname
bool
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
A Boolean point that holds the required status of whether blank
spaces should be stripped from the file when it is closed.
Typical Examples
CloseFile(status)
The currently open file is closed. Blank spaces at the end of each line are stripped from the file if the
Boolean point ‘status’ is set to ‘TRUE’.
CloseFile(FALSE)
In this example, the currently open file is closed and any blank spaces are not stripped from the file.
Note:
If blank spaces are stripped from the file, then it greatly reduces in size but it takes
slightly longer to close. Blank spaces should not be stripped from the file if it is being
used on a network drive by more than one system at a time.
CopyFile
Syntax
returnstate = CopyFile(“sourcename”, “destname”)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
Returnstate
sourcename
bool
string
destname
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise
Pathname of file to be copied. May include a “*” wildcard
character.
Pathname of destination of copy. If path name does not exist it
is created.
Typical Example
CopyFile(“c:\autoexec.bat”, “c:\autoexec.old”)
The file “c:\autoexec.bat” is copied to the file “c:\autoexec.old”.
CopyFile(“c:\logging\*.dlv”, “a:\backup”)
The data log files (ending in dlv) in “C:\logging” are copied to the “\backup” directory on drive A:
DeleteFile
Syntax
returnstate = DeleteFile(“filename”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
Returnstate
Filename
bool
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Pathname of file to be deleted.
Typical Example
DeleteFile(“c:\pagename.pag”)
The file “c:\pagename.pag” is deleted.
EditFile
Syntax
returnstate = EditFile(“filename”)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
filename
bool
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Pathname of the file to be edited.
Typical Example
EditFile(“C:\report3.txt”)
FileExists
Syntax
returnpoint = FileExists (filename)
Remarks
Argument
Type
filename
returnpoint
string
point
Description
This text string contains the file name.
Boolean point that contains the return value.
Typical Example
FileName = “TEST.TXT”
Exists = FileExists(FileName)
The Boolean point ‘Exists’ is set to ‘TRUE’ if a file called ‘C:\TEST.TXT’ exists.
Note:
“FileName” is a text point which can be set to any string value.
MoveFile
Syntax
returnstate = MoveFile(“sourcename”, “destname”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
Returnstate
sourcename
destname
bool
string
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Pathname of file to be moved.
Pathname of destination of move.
Typical Example
MoveFile(“c:\autoexec.bat”, “c:\autoexec.old”)
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The file “c:\autoexec.bat” is moved to the file “c:\autoexec.old”.
OpenFile
Syntax
returnstate = OpenFile(“filename”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
Returnstate
Filename
bool
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Pathname of file to be opened.
Typical Example
OpenFile(“c:\filename”)
The file “c:\filename.csf” is opened and able to be accessed by the Read() and Write() script
commands. Only one file can be open at a time. A file is created if it doesn’t already exist. Files can
be shared (for instance located on a network drive, and accessed by several running CX-Supervisor
applications simultaneously - this can be used for data exchange).
Note:
An extension “.csf” will always be added to the filename so it must not be specifed as
part of the argument.
PrintFile
Syntax
returnstate = PrintFile(“filename”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
Returnstate
Filename
bool
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Pathname of file to be printed.
Typical Example
PrintFile(“c:\autoexec.bat”)
The file “c:\autoexec.bat” is sent to the currently configured printer.
Script commands that have textual arguments can take either literal strings within quotes or text
points.
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Note:
CX-Supervisor uses the OLE registration information (file extension associations) to
decide how to print a file. It invokes the parent application associated with a particular
file extension, instructing the application to start minimised and passing the “print”
command. For example, if the file extension .txt is associated with Notepad, then
Notepad is invoked to print the file.
Read
Syntax
returnstate = Read(RecordId, pointname, ...)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
Returnstate
RecordId
Pointname
bool
integer
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
An index into the file.
Name(s) of point(s) to be updated with the data read from the
open file.
Typical Examples
Read(1, value)
The point ‘value’ is loaded with the value read from the currently open file using the value of 1 as an
index into the file.
ReadOK = Read(indexno, value1, value2, value3)
The points ‘value1’, ‘value2’, ‘value’ are loaded using the value of indexno as an index into the file.
Pass or fail status is stored in ‘ReadOK’.
Note:
It is advisable to use a RecordId less than 1024 whenever possible, in order to optimise
file access time (records 0 to 1023 are cached).
ReadMessage
Syntax
returnstate = ReadMessage (“filename”, offset, textpoint, noofchars)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
Returnstate
Filename
Offset
bool
string
integer
Textpoint
text
point
integer
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Pathname of file to be read.
An offset from the beginning of the file (in characters )
indicating where to start reading from.
The text point which holds the characters read from the file.
Noofchars
The number of characters to read from the file.
Typical Example
ReadMessage (“C:\CX-SUPERVISOR\TESTFILE.TXT”, 0, TextPoint, 20)
The first 20 characters are be read from the file “C:\CX-SUPERVISOR\TESTFILE.TXT” and stored
in the point ‘TextPoint’.
Note:
Text points can hold up to 256 characters therefore a maximum of 256 characters can
be read from the file.
SelectFile
Syntax
filename = SelectFile (filter, path)
Remarks
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Argument
Type
Description
Filename
---
Filter
string
Optional argument. If omitted, will show all files. This
argument must be supplied if path is specified i.e. set to “”.
Specifies the filter string used by the ‘Files of type’ list. The
string should contain 1 or more filters separated with a ‘|’ (pipe)
character and end with 2 characters i.e. ‘||’. Each filter should
have some user text and 1 or more file specs separated with a
semicolon. No spaces should be used, except within the user
text.
Path
string
Optional argument. Specifies the path to show initially. If
omitted, the dialog shows the current working directory.
Text string returned. Contains fully qualified filename
including drive and path if OK was selected from OpenFile
comms dialog, otherwise contains empty string.
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Typical Example
TFile = SelectFile()
The ‘File Open’ dialog will be displayed, showing all files in the current working directory. The
users choice will be stored in tFile.
TFile = SelectFile(“Text Files (*.txt)|*.txt||”)
The ‘File Open’ dialog will be displayed, showing just files with a .txt extension in the current
working directory.
TFile = SelectFile(“Text Files (*.txt; *.csv)|*.txt;*.csv||”)
The ‘File Open’ dialog will be displayed, showing files with either a .txt or .csv extension in the
current working directory.
TFile = SelectFile(“Text Files (*.txt;
*.csv)|*.txt;*.csv|Document Files (*.doc)|*.doc||”)
In this example, the ‘Files of type’ filter has 2 choices: one to show text files (i.e. both .txt and .csv
files), and one to show document files (just .doc files).
TFile = SelectFile(“”, “C:\WINDOWS”)
The ‘File Open’ dialog will be displayed, showing all files in the “C:\WINDOWS” directory.
Write
Syntax
returnstate = Write(RecordId, pointname, ...)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
Returnstate
RecordId
Pointname
bool
integer
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
An index into the file.
Name(s) of point(s) containing data to write to the open file.
Typical Examples
WroteOK = Write(indexno, $Second)
The point ‘$Second’ is written to the currently open file using the value of indexno as an index into
the file. Pass or fail status is stored in ‘WroteOK’.
Write(2, $Second, $Minute, $Hour)
The points ‘$Second’, ‘$Minute’, ‘$Hour’ are written to the currently open file using the value 2 as
an index into the file.
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It is advisable to use a RecordId less than 1024 whenever possible, in order to optimise
file access time (records 0 to 1023 are cached).
WriteMessage
Syntax
returnstate = WriteMessage(“filename”, offset, “text”, linefeed)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
filename
offset
bool
string
integer
text
linefeed
string
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Pathname of file to be written.
An offset from the beginning of the file (in characters)
indicating where to start writing. If the offset is -1 then the
message is appended to the end of the file.
The text to be written into the file.
A flag to indicate a carriage return and line feed should be
appended.
Typical Example
WriteMessage(“C:\CX-SUPERVISOR\TESTFILE.TXT”, 0, “Hello World”, TRUE)
The text ‘Hello World’ is written at the start of the ‘C:\CX-SUPERVISOR\TESTFILE.TXT’ file and
a carriage return and line feed is appended which moves and subsequent text to the start of the next
line.
Note:
When the text is written into the file it overwrites any existing text that may exist at
this location.
Recipe Commands
DisplayRecipes
Syntax
returnstate = DisplayRecipes()
Remarks
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Argument
Type
returnstate
bool
Description
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
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Typical Example
DisplayRecipes()
The current recipes is displayed.
References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of recipes.
DownloadRecipe
Syntax
returnstate = DownloadRecipe(“recipename”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
recipename
bool
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
The name of the recipe to be downloaded.
Typical Example
DownloadRecipe(“recipe1”)
The recipe ‘recipe1’ is downloaded.
References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of recipes.
UploadRecipe
Syntax
returnstate = UploadRecipe(“recipename”, processed)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
recipename
processed
bool
string
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
The name of the recipe to be uploaded.
Flag set to true when operation has been completed.
Typical Example
UploadRecipe(“recipe1”,done)
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The recipe ‘recipe1’ is uploaded, and point ‘done’ is set True when the upload is complete.
References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of recipes.
Report Commands
GenerateReport
Syntax
returnstate =
GenerateReport(ReportTemplateFile,ReportOutputFile)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
ReportTemplateFile
ReportOutputFile
bool
string
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Pathname of the report template file.
Pathname of the report output file.
Typical Example
GenerateReport(“report3.txt”,“output.txt”)
The ReportTemplateFile report3.txt contains a predefined set of point names and text laid out exactly
as the report reader likes to view them. The point names contained within enclosing characters are
the CX-Supervisor names for the data that is required in the report.
The enclosing characters can be changed in the Project/Runtime Setting/Report setting dialog box,
but once set must be fixed for all reports generated by the project.
The template file can be written using any ASCII text editor, for instance a Text file (.TXT), a Rich
Text file (.RTF) or a Hypertext file (.HTML).
The report template is processed, dynamically replacing the point names with current values, and
saved as output.txt.
PrintReport
Syntax
returnstate = Printreport(ReportTemplateFile)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
ReportTemplateFile
bool
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Pathname of the report template file.
Typical Example
PrintReport(“report3.txt”)
The report template is processed, dynamically replacing the point names with current values, and
printed to the default Windows printer.
ViewReport
Syntax
returnstate = ViewReport(ReportTemplateFile)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
ReportTemplateFile
bool
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Pathname of the report template file.
Typical Example
ViewReport(“report3.txt”)
Text Commands
BCD
Syntax
result = BCD (value)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Value
result
-----
Description
Number to convert to Binary Coded Decimal (BCD).
String containing BCD representation of value.
Typical Example
BCDStr = BCD(39)
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In this example, ‘BCDstr’ contains ‘00111001’.
Bin
Syntax
result = Bin (value)
Remarks
Argument
Type
value
result
-----
Description
Number to be converted to a binary number.
String containing binary representation of value.
Typical Example
BStr = Bin (20)
In this example, ‘Bstr’ contains ‘10100’.
Chr
Syntax
result = Chr (value)
Remarks
Argument
Type
value
result
-----
Description
Extended ASCII value to convert to a character.
String containing single character representation of value.
Typical Example
Char = Chr(65)
In this example, ‘Char’ contains ‘A’.
FormatText
Syntax
textpoint = FormatText (“formattext”, expression, ...)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
textpoint
text
point
string
formattext
expression
Integer /
real
Description
A text point which holds the formatted text.
The text (with appropriate formatting characters) that the result
expression is inserted into.
The value(s) or expression(s) that is inserted into formattext.
Typical Examples
TextPoint = FormatText (“Boiler temperature is %ld degrees.”,
BoilerTemp)
The value of the ‘BoilerTemp’ point is inserted into the specified text at the position marked by the
formatting characters (%ld) and then stored in the point ‘TextPoint’.
If the value of ‘BoilerTemp’ was 57 then the resultant text that is stored in ‘TextPoint’ is as follows:
“Boiler temperature is 57 degrees.”
TextPoint = FormatText (“Boiler %ld temperature is %ld degrees.”,
BoilerNo, BoilerTemp)
The value of ‘BoilerNo’ point is inserted at the first ‘%ld’ marker and the value of the ‘BoilerTemp’
point is inserted at the second ‘%ld’ marker and the resulting string is stored in the point ‘TextPoint’.
If the value of ‘BoilerNo’ was 7 and the value of ‘BoilerTemp’ was 43 then the resultant text stored
in the ‘TextPoint’ is as follows:
“Boiler 7 temperature is 43 degrees.”
Note:
The formatting characters are standard ‘C’ formatting characters (as used by the Clanguage sprintf function). Some commonly used types are:
♦
%ld. Insert integer value;
♦
%f. Insert decimal value. Prefix with decimal point and number to control position
(for instance ‘%.2f’ for 2 decimal places);
♦
%s. Insert string;
♦
%IX. Insert hexadecimal value (upper case HEX characters, for instance ‘FFFF’);
♦
%lx. Insert hexadecimal value (lower case HEX characters, for instance ‘ffff’);
♦
%c. Insert character (can be used to convert value to character, for instance to
insert control character).
With the text left aligned, and with a width field (for instance ‘%-6ld’ to insert a value left aligned
with a field 6 characters wide).
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References
More complex expressions (for instance controlling justification, decimal places, number base, etc.)
are also possible. Refer to any C language reference book for full details of the format used by the
‘sprintf’ function.
GetTextLength
Syntax
value = GetTextLength (textpoint)
Remarks
Argument
Type
textpoint
returnpoint
text
Integer /
real
Description
This is the point which has its text length counted.
This is the point that holds the return value.
Typical Example
textpoint = “Hello World”
count = GetTextLength (textpoint)
The number of characters in ‘textpoint’ is counted and the point ‘count’ is set to the value 11.
Hex
Syntax
result = Hex (value)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Value
Result
-----
Description
Number to be converted to a Hex number.
String containing Hex representation of value.
Typical Example
HStr = Hex (44)
In this example, ‘Hstr’ contains ‘2C’.
Left
Syntax
lefttext = Left(textpoint,noofchars)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
textpoint
noofchars
lefttext
text
integer
text
The text point containing the string that is to be manipulated.
The number of characters to extract from the start of the string.
Text point containing the specified range of characters.
Typical Example
textpoint = “abcdefgh”
lefttext = Left(textpoint,3)
The text point ‘lefttext’ contains the string ‘abc’.
Message
Syntax
Message(“message”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
message
string
Description
Contains the text string that is displayed in the message box.
Typical Example
Message(“this is a message”)
The message ‘this is a message’ is displayed in a Message Box.
Mid
Syntax
midtext = Mid(textpoint,offset,noofchars)
Remarks
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Argument
Type
Description
textpoint
offset
text
integer
noofchars
midtext
integer
text
The text point containing the string that is to be manipulated.
The zero based index of the first character in the string that is to
be included in the extract.
The number of characters to extract from the string.
Text point containing the specified range of characters.
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Typical Example
textpoint = “abcdefgh”
midtext = Mid(textpoint,3,2)
The text point ‘midtext’ contains the string ‘de’.
PrintMessage
Syntax
PrintMessage (“message”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
message
string
Description
Contains the text string that is sent to the printer.
Typical Example
PrintMessage (“Print this message”)
The message ‘print this message’ is printed to the configured ‘Alarm/message printer’, queued if
operating in page mode, or printing has been disabled by the EnablePrinting command.
References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for further details to configure the ‘Alarm/message printer’.
Right
Syntax
righttext = Right(textpoint,noofchars)
Remarks
Argument
Type
textpoint
noofchars
righttext
text
integer
integer
Description
The text point containing the string that is to be manipulated.
The number of characters to extract from the end of the string.
Text point containing the specified range of characters.
Typical Example
textpoint = “abcdefgh”
righttext = Right(textpoint,3)
The text point ‘righttext’ contains the string ‘fgh’.
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TextToValue
Syntax
valuepoint = TextToValue(textpoint)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
textpoint
text
valuepoint
integer
The text point containing the string that is to be converted into a
number.
A point containing the value returned after conversion from a
string.
Typical Examples
textpoint = “10”
valuepoint = TextToValue(textpoint)
The value 10 is assigned to the point ‘valuepoint’.
textpoint = “10.34”
realpoint = TextToValue(textpoint)
The real value 10.34 is assigned to the real point ‘realpoint’.
ValueToText
Syntax
textpoint = ValueToText(value)
Remarks
Argument
Type
value
integer
textpoint
text point
Description
The number that is to be placed into the textpoint. A point
name is also a valid parameter.
A text point containing the value converted into a string.
Typical Examples
textpoint = ValueToText(10)
The value 10 is put into a string and assigned to the text point ‘textpoint’.
value = 10
textpoint = ValueToText(value)
This has the same effect as the previous example.
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Event/Error Commands
ClearErrorLog
Syntax
ClearErrorLog()
Typical Example
ClearErrorLog()
The error list is cleared and the log deleted.
CloseErrorLog
Syntax
returnstate = CloseErrorLog()
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Typical Example
CloseErrorLog()
The list of all currently logged errors is closed.
DisplayErrorLog
Syntax
returnstate = DisplayErrorLog()
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Typical Example
DisplayErrorLog()
A list of all currently logged errors is displayed in a dialog.
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EnableErrorLogging
Syntax
returnstate = EnableErrorLogging(pointname)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
pointname
bool
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
A Boolean point.
Typical Example
EnableErrorLogging(flag)
Error Logging is enabled based on the Boolean point ‘flag’. If ‘flag’ is ‘TRUE’, then error logging is
enabled. If ‘flag’ is false, then error logging is disabled.
LogError
Syntax
returnstate = LogError(“message”, priority)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
message
priority
bool
string
integer
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Contains the text string that is displayed in the Error Log.
Priority assigned to the error.
0 - low 1- medium 2- high.
Typical Example
LogError(“This is an error”, 1)
The message ‘This is an error’ appears as a medium priority error in the error log.
LogEvent
Syntax
returnstate = LogEvent(“message”)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
message
bool
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Contains the text string that is displayed in the Error Log.
Typical Example
LogEvent(“this is an event”)
The message ‘this is an event’ appears as an event in the error log.
Printer Commands
ClearSpoolQueue
Syntax
returnstate = ClearSpoolQueue()
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Typical Example
ClearSpoolQueue()
Any messages (typically printed alarms) that are queued up waiting to be sent to the CX-Supervisor
Alarm/Message printer is discarded.
EnablePrinting
Syntax
returnstate = EnablePrinting(flag)
Remarks
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Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
flag
bool
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
0 to disable, 1 to enable.
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Typical Example
EnablePrinting(FALSE) - Disables printing
EnablePrinting(TRUE) - Enables printing
While alarm printing is disabled, any new messages are stored but not printed. When alarm printing
is re-enabled, any pending messages are printed (if in line mode) or added to the current page (if in
page mode).
PrintActivePage
Syntax
returnstate = PrintActivePage(flag)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
flag
bool
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Flag is to indicate whether the print setup dialog is to be
displayed before printing.
Typical Example
PrintActivePage(TRUE)
The currently active page is sent to the printer. The flag ‘TRUE’ indicates that the print dialog is
displayed. ‘FALSE’ causes the print dialog not to be shown.
PrintPage
Syntax
returnstate = PrintPage (“pagename”, flag, printheaderfooter)
Remarks
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Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
pagename
flag
bool
string
bool
printheaderfooter
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
The name of the page to be printed.
Flag to indicate whether the print setup dialog is to be displayed
before printing.
Optional. Flag to control if printout details are included in a
header and footer.
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Typical Example
PrintPage(“page1”, TRUE)
The CX-Supervisor page is sent to the printer. The flag ‘TRUE’ indicates that the print dialog is
displayed first to allow for printer configuration. If ‘FALSE’ was specified instead of ‘TRUE’ then
the print dialog is not shown, the page is just printed.
PrintScreen
Syntax
returnstate = PrintScreen(flag)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
flag
bool
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Flag to indicate whether the print setup dialog is to be displayed
before printing.
Typical Example
PrintScreen(FALSE)
All CX-Supervisor pages currently on view is printed. The flag ‘FALSE’ indicates that the print
dialog is not displayed. A flag of ‘TRUE’ causes the print dialog to be shown, allowing the user to
configure or choose the printer.
PrintSpoolQueue
Syntax
returnstate = PrintspoolQueue()
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Typical Example
PrintSpoolQueue
Any message (typically printed alarms) that are queued up waiting to be sent to the CX-Supervisor
Alarm/Message printer is printed immediately.
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Security Commands
Login
Syntax
returnstate = Login(username, password)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
username
bool
Text
password
Text
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Optional parameter with name of user to login. If omitted, the
login dialog will be shown.
Optional parameter with password for user to login. If used,
username must be specified, even if only empty i.e. “”. If
omitted, the login dialog will be shown.
Typical Examples
Login()
The Login dialog is displayed for user entry.
Login(“Designer”, “Designer”)
The default ‘Designer’ user is logged in automatically using matching password.
References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of Login.
Logout
Syntax
returnstate = Logout()
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Typical Example
Logout()
The user is logged out.
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References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of Logout.
Setup Users
Syntax
returnstate = SetupUsers()
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Typical Example
SetupUsers()
The Setup Users dialog is displayed for user entry.
References
Refer to the CX-Supervisor User Manual for details of setting and modifying user details.
Data Logging Commands
ClearLogFile
Syntax
ClearLogFile("datasetname")
Remarks
Argument
Type
datasetname
string
Description
Name of Data Set to clear as text point or constant.
Typical Example
ClearLogFile("Process 1")
This command will clear all data from the active (latest) log file for this data set, and add a ‘Clear
Event’ indicator.
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CloseLogFile
Syntax
returnstate = CloseLogFile("datasetname")
or
returnstate = CloseLogFile("databaselink")
Remarks
Argument
Type
returnstate
datasetname
databaselink
bool
text
text
Description
Optional. 1 if the function is successful otherwise 0
Name of Data Set to close as text point or constant.
Name of Database link to close as text point or constant.
Typical Example
CloseLogFile("Process 1")
This command will close the active log file for the data set. Logging for this data set is automatically
stopped.
CloseLogView
Syntax
CloseLogView("datasetname")
Remarks
Argument
Type
datasetname
string
Description
Name of Data Set view to close as text point or constant.
Typical Example
CloseLogView("Process 1")
This command will close the Data Log Viewer, which is displaying the named data set.
ExportAndViewLog
Syntax
ExportAndViewLog ("datasetname", "item list", "format", file,
outputfile)
or
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ExportAndViewLog ("datasetname", TextArray, "format", file,
outputfile)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
datasetname
item list
string
string
TextArray
format
string
array
string
file
integer
outputfile
string
Name of Data Set to export as text point or constant.
List of Items and/or Groups within the data set to export,
separated by commas. Alternatively use “*” to export all.
A text point, which has an array size specified as 1 or more
elements . Each element holds an Item or Group name.
Either “CSV” or “Text” to specify output format. May include
suffix ‘-‘ followed by:
B to exclude break information
D to exclude the log date
T to exclude the log time
M to exclude to log milliseconds
G to not Group ‘On Change’ data together
Number of file to export where 0 is the latest (active) file, 1 is
the previous file etc.
File name for output file. May include full path, which will be
created automatically if it does not exist.
All these arguments are optional, and may be omitted provided there are no further arguments i.e. to
specify the ‘format’, ‘datasetname’ and ‘item list’ must be included but ‘file’ and ‘output’ may be
omitted.
Typical Examples
ExportAndViewLog("Balloon", "*")
or
ExportAndViewLog("Balloon", "Altitude,Fuel,Burning,Lift,Group 1",
"CSV-BDTM", 0, "output")
or
ItemList[0]
ItemList[1]
ItemList[2]
ItemList[3]
ItemList[4]
=
=
=
=
=
"Altitude"
"Fuel"
"Burning"
"List"
"Group 1"
ExportAndViewLog("Balloon", ItemList, "CSV-BDTM", 0, "output")
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All these commands will export all the data in the specified file, for the named data set to the named
output file, in the format specified (as per ExportLog). It then launches an appropriate viewer to
display the file, using the Windows file associations.
ExportLog
Syntax
ExportLog ("datasetname", "item list", "format", file, outputfile)
or
ExportLog ("datasetname", TextArray, "format", file, outputfile)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
datasetname
item list
string
string
TextArray
format
string
array
string
file
integer
outputfile
string
Name of Data Set to export as text point or constant.
List of Items and /or Groups within the data set to export,
separated by commas. Alternatively use “*” to export all.
A text point, which has an array size specified as 1 or more
elements. Each element holds an Item or Group name.
Either “CSV” or “Text” to specify output format. May include
suffix ‘-‘ followed by:
B to exclude break information
D to exclude the log date
T to exclude the log time
M to exclude to log milliseconds
G to not Group ‘On Change’ data together
Number of file to export where 0 is the latest (active) file, 1 is
the previous file etc.
File name for output file. May include full path, which will be
created automatically if it does not exist.
All these arguments are optional, and may be omitted provided there are no further arguments i.e. to
specify the ‘format’, ‘datasetname’ and ‘item list’ must be included but ‘file’ and ‘output’ may be
omitted.
Typical Examples
ExportLog("Balloon", "*")
or
ExportLog("Balloon", "Altitude,Fuel,Burning,Lift,Group 1" "CSV-BDTM",
0, "output")
or
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ItemList[0]
ItemList[1]
ItemList[2]
ItemList[3]
ItemList[4]
=
=
=
=
=
OMRON
"Altitude"
"Fuel"
"Burning"
"List"
"Group 1"
ExportAndViewLog("Balloon", ItemList, "CSV-BDTM", 0, "output")
All these commands will export all the data in the specified file, for the named data set to the named
output file, in the format specified.
OpenLogFile
Syntax
returnstate = OpenLogFile("datasetname”)
or
returnstate = OpenLogFile("databaselink")
Remarks
Argument
Type
returnstate
datasetname
databaselink
bool
text
text
Description
Optional. 1 if the function is successful otherwise 0
Name of Data Set to open as text point or constant.
Name of Database link to open as text point or constant.
Typical Example
OpenLogFile("Balloon")
This command will open the log file, ready to start logging. As the function is disk intensive it
should not be called frequently.
OpenLogView
Syntax
OpenLogView("datasetname", "item list", sessionfile)
or
OpenLogView("datasetname", TextArray, sessionfile)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
datasetname
item list
string
string
TextArray
string
array
string
sessionfile
Description
Name of Data Set to view as text point or constant.
List of Items and/or Groups within the data set to view,
separated by commas
A text point, which has an array size specified as 1 or more
elements. Each element holds an Item or Group name.
Optional filename of session information file. The Data Log
Viewer is shown with the session settings (e.g. Window
position, size, colours, grid options etc. stored in the session
file. If omitted, the previous settings are used.
Typical Example
OpenLogView("Balloon", "Altitude,Fuel,Burning,Lift,Group 1")
or
ItemList [0] = "Altitude"
ItemList [1] = "Fuel"
ItemList [2] = "Burning"
ItemList [3] = "Lift"
ItemList [4] = "Group 1"
OpenLogView("Balloon", ItemList)
Both these commands will open the Data Log Viewer, and load the Balloon log file, and show the
named items.
OpenLogView("Balloon", ItemList, "C:\Program Files\Omron\CXSUPERVISOR\App\MySessionInfo.txt")
This command will open the Data Log Viewer and Balloon log file as above but the Data Log Viewer
will always appear in the same position, and with the same settings – not as it was last shown.
StartLogging
Syntax
returnstate = StartLogging("datasetname")
or
returnstate = StartLogging("databaselink")
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
datasetname
databaselink
bool
text
text
Optional. 1 if the function is successful otherwise 0
Name of Data Set to start logging as text point or constant.
Name of Database link to start logging as text point or constant.
Typical Example
StartLogging("Process 1")
This command will start logging of all items in the named data set. If the file is closed it will be
automatically opened.
StopLogging
Syntax
returnstate = StopLogging("datasetname")
or
returnstate = StopLogging("databaselink")
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
datasetname
databaselink
bool
Text
text
Optional. 1 if the function is successful otherwise 0
Name of Data Set to stop logging as text point or constant.
Name of Database link to stop logging as text point or constant.
Typical Example
StopLogging("Process 1")
This command will stop logging of all items in the named data set.
Database Commands
DBAddNew
Description
Adds a new record to a Recordset. This function will fail if the Recordset is opened with a lock of
'Read Only'.
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Syntax
returnstate = DBAddNew(level)
Remarks
Argument
Type
returnstate
level
bool
text
Description
1 if the function is successful otherwise 0
A text point or constant specifying the connection level. This
should be a field or recordset level.
Typical Examples
Result = DBAddNew("Northwind.Order Details")
Using a Recordset connection level, a new record is added with values from all fields associated with
a property type ‘Add’. Point 'Result' is set true if this was successful.
DBAddNew("Northwind.Order Details.OrderID")
DBAddNew("Northwind.Order Details.ProductID")
DBAddNew("Northwind.Order Details.Quantity")
DBAddNew("Northwind.Order Details.UnitPrice")
DBUpdate("Northwind.Order Details")
Using a Field connection level, each required field is added to the new record using multiple calls to
DBAddNew(). When the record is complete, it is added by calling the DBUpdate() function
Revision 2.0
Note:
To use DBAddNew() with a Recordset level the Recordset must be configured to
perform this type of operation i.e. it will need to contain fields for any primary keys
and ‘non null’ values required to create a new record. When used at Recordset level all
fields associated with the Recordset with property type ‘Add’ are added (as if calling
DBAddNew()) and the record is updated (as if calling DBUpdate()). Points associated
with the ‘Add’ property can be array points, thus enabling you to add multiple records
in one operation.
Note:
When using a Field level connection, the operation may be cancelled at any stage
before the DBUpdate() function is called by calling the DBExecute() command
"CancelUpdate".
Note:
Only Fields with a property type of ‘Add’ can be added to a Recordset. The value(s) of
the associated points at the time DBUpdate() is called will be used to create the record.
Note:
Depending on the ADO provider, the added record may not be visible until the
Recordset is requeried. See DBExecute, parameter Requery for more information.
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DBClose
Description
Closes a Connection or Recordset. Closing a Connection will automatically close all recordsets
associated with it. Recordsets can be closed in isolation by selecting the appropriate level.
Syntax
returnstate = DBClose(level)
Remarks
Argument
Type
returnstate
level
bool
text
Description
1 if the function is successful otherwise 0
A text point or constant specifying the connection level. This
should be a connection or recordset level.
Typical Examples
Result = DBClose("Northwind.Order Details")
Closes the 'Order Details' Recordset
Result = DBClose("Northwind")
Closes the connection to the Northwind database, and also any Recordsets which may be open.
DBDelete
Description
Deletes the specified number of records from the current record position. This function works only at
the Recordset level. This function will fail if the Recordset is opened with a lock of 'Read Only'.
Syntax
returnstate = DBDelete(level, quantity)
Remarks
Argument
Type
returnstate
level
bool
text
quantity
int
Description
1 if the function is successful otherwise 0
A text point or constant specifying the connection level. This
must be a recordset level.
Number of records to delete.
Typical Examples
Result = DBDelete("Northwind.Order Details", 10)
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Delete the next 10 records in the recordset
DBMove("First")
Result = DBDelete("Northwind.Order Details", 10)
Delete the first 10 records.
DBExecute
Description
The DBExecute function allows the execution of miscellaneous commands and allows for future
expansion by supporting new commands without the need to create more new DB functions.
Syntax
return = DBExecute(level, command, parameter)
Remarks
Argument
Type
return
level
text
command
text
parameter
text
Description
1 if the function is successful otherwise 0 except for "Find" and
"FindNext" commands which return the record number if found
or if not, set the current record to EOF and return -1.
A text point or constant specifying the connection level, which
depends on the command specified.
Command to execute. May be one of the commands listed
below.
Command parameter only required with certain commands. For
"Connection", this parameter should hold the new connection
string. For "Find" and "FindNext" this parameter should be the
search criteria. For "Source" this is the Recordset source. For
"Filter" this is the Recordset filter.
Typical Examples
Pos = DBExecute("Northwind.Order Details", "Find", "UnitPrice >
14.00")
Find the next record satisfying the specified criteria, starting from the current position. Valid search
criteria include: "ProductName LIKE ‘G*’ " wildcard search finds all records where ProductName
starts with ‘G’, "Quantity = 5", "Price >= 6.99". Only single search values are allowed, using
multiple values with ‘AND’ or ‘OR’ will fail.
DBExecute("Connection1.Recordset1", "Source", "Table2")
Modify the Recordsets source to open a different table than configured.
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DBExecute("Northwind.Shippers", "Filter", "CompanyName = ‘United
Package’")
Apply a filter to display only records with a company name ‘United Package’
DBExecute("Northwind.Shippers", "Filter", "")
Cancel an existing filter (by passing an empty string)
DBExecute Commands
Command
Connection
Level
Connection
BeginTrans
CommitTrans
Connection
Connection
Connection
RollbackTrans
CommitTransAll
RollbackTransAll
TransCount
Requery
CancelUpdate
Find
FinNext
Source
Filter
Save
Connection
Connection
Connection
Connection
Recordset
Recordset
Recordset
Recordset
Recordset
Recordset
Recordset
Description
Modify the connection string.
Begins a new Transaction.
Saves any pending changes and ends the current
transaction.
Cancels any changes made and ends the transaction.
Saves all changes and ends all transactions.
Cancels all changes and ends all transactions.
Returns the number of pending transactions.
Re-run the Recordset Query.
Cancel a DBAddNew operation.
Find the specified criteria in a Recordset.
Combined DBMove("Next"), DBFind() operation.
Modify the Recordset source.
Apply a filter to a Recordset.
Saves a Recordset in XML format.
DBGetLastError
Description
Returns the last error string generated by the Database provider, and displays it in a message box.
Syntax
returnstate = DBGetLastError(level, display)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
returnstate
level
text
text
display
bool
Description
The error message from the provider
A text point or constant specifying the connection level. This
must be a Connection level.
Optional flag. By default DBGetLastError will display the
providers error message in a message box. Setting this flag to
FALSE prevents this action.
Typical Examples
DBGetLastError("Northwind")
or
DBGetLastError("Northwind", TRUE)
Both the above lines will get and display the last error to occur for the Northwind connection.
ErrMsg = DBGetLastError("Northwind", FALSE)
The last error to occur for the Northwind connection is stored Text point 'ErrMsg', without displaying
a message box.
DBMove
Description
The DBMove function enables you to navigate around a Recordset by moving the position of the
‘current record’ in the Recordset. When a Recordset is first opened the first record is the current
record.
Syntax
returnstate = DBMove(level, direction, position)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
level
bool
text
direction
text
position
int/real
1 if the function is successful otherwise 0
A text point or constant specifying the connection level. This
must be a Recordset level.
A text string indicating where to move to. May be one of:
"First"
"Last"
"Next"
"Previous"
"Position"
"FirstPage"
"LastPage"
"NextPage"
"PreviousPage"
"Page"
"Bookmark"
This optional parameter is only required when directions of
"Position", "Page" and "Bookmark" are used. When used with
"Position" and "Page" this parameter must be an integer, and is
the record or page number to move to. When used with
"Bookmark" this parameter must be a real.
Typical Examples
DBMove("Northwind.Order Details", "First")
Go to the first record in the Recordset.
pos = 3
DBMove("Northwind.Order Details", "Position", pos)
Go to the third record in the Recordset.
DBMove("Northwind.Order Details", "Page", 6)
Go to the sixth page in the Recordset.
Note:
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Bookmarks are returned from the function ‘DBProperty’, they enable you to return to a
‘marked’ record, even after records have been added or deleted
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Note:
Some Providers do not support moving in the "Previous" direction i.e. cursors are
‘Forward-Only’. Some ‘Forward-Only’ providers do allow moving "First", while
some are strictly Forward-Only i.e. the Recordset has to be Re-queried effectively a
combined Close then Open operation to reset the cursor back to the start of the
Recordset. Some Providers that do support moving "Previous" do not support moving
to "Position". However, in order to be consistent, CX-Supervisor ensures that that all
operations (except "Bookmarks") will work for any connection to any provider but you
need to bear in mind when designing applications that use ‘Forward-Only’ cursors, that
there may be some ‘long-winded’ acrobatics being performed behind the scenes. See
DBSupports() for details of how to check the type of cursor in force.
Note:
Bookmarks will only work if specifically supported by the Provider.
DBOpen
Description
Opens a Connection or Recordset. Opening a Connection will automatically open all recordsets
associated with it, that are marked as auto open. Recordsets can be opened in isolation by selecting
the appropriate level.
Syntax
returnstate = DBOpen(level)
Remarks
Argument
Type
returnstate
level
bool
text
Description
1 if the function is successful otherwise 0
A text point or constant specifying the connection level. This
may be a Connection or Recordset level.
Typical Examples
DBOpen("Northwind")
Open the connection to the Northwind database, and automatically open any Recordsets set to open
on connection.
done = DBOpen("Northwind.Order Details")
Just open a specific Recordset.
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DBProperty
Description
Returns the requested property. This function operates on the Recordset and Field levels. The type
of the value returned depends on the property requested.
Syntax
returnstate = DBProperty(level, property)
Remarks
Argument
Type
returnstate
Description
Property value returned. See table for type.
level
text
property
text
A text point or constant specifying the connection level. This
may be a Recordset or Field level.
The name of the property to get. For details see the Recordset
Properties and Field Properties tables.
Typical Examples
Page = DBProperty("CSV.Result", "CurrentPage")
Get the current page for the CSV.Result Recordset.
FieldSize = DBProperty("Northwind.Customers.Address", "Size")
Get the size for the 'Address' field.
Note:
The Recordset will only return valid properties when it is Open.
Recordset Properties
The properties of a Recordset are:
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Property
"CurrentRecord"
"RecordCount"
"Bookmark"
"PageCount"
"PageSize"
"CurrentPage"
"Source"
"Sort"
"FieldCount"
"BOF"
"EOF"
Description
Current cursor position
Number of records in the Recordset.
Record marker.
Number of pages in the Recordset.
Number of records in a page.
Page in which the cursor position resides.
Command or SQL that created the Recordset.
Field name(s) the Recordset is sorted on.
Number of fields(columns) in the Recordset.
Current position is at the start of the Recordset.
Current position is at the end of the Recordset.
Return type
Integer
Integer
Real
Integer
Integer
Integer
Text
Text
Integer
Bool
Bool
Field Properties
The properties of a Field are
Property
"Value"
"Name"
"Type"
"Size"
Description
Value of the field at the current position.
Name of the Field.
The fields data type.
Maximum width of the field.
Return type
As type of field
String
String
Integer
DBRead
Description
Reads a record from a Recordset to the associated point(s), or if associated points are array points,
reads a whole page of records. This function operates on both Recordset and Field levels. At the
Field level the associated column values from the Recordsets current position will be copied into the
Point (number of elements copied = number of elements in the Point, no paging applies at the Field
level).
Syntax
returnstate = DBRead(level, reset)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
returnstate
level
bool
text
reset
bool
Description
1 if the function is successful otherwise 0
A text point or constant specifying the connection level. This
may be a Recordset or Field level.
This argument is optional and may be omitted. If omitted or
TRUE, when the read is complete the record cursor is reset to
the position prior to reading.
Typical Examples
DBRead("Northwind.Customers")
Read the next page of records from the 'Customers' Recordset.
DBRead("Northwind.Customers", FALSE)
Read the next page of records from the 'Customers' Recordset, and leave the cursor at the next record.
DBRead("Northwind.Customers.Address")
The Address field is read. If it is an array point, the Address is read from subsequent records until the
array has been filled.
Note:
Use with reset = TRUE is useful if the read operation is being combined with a
subsequent Write operation i.e. you can read in a set of records - resetting the cursor,
make modifications to some of the fields and then Write the changes back to the
Recordset.
Note:
Use with reset = FALSE will leave the current position at the start of the next set of
records. This option can be of benefit if the Provider only supports forward moving
cursors, or you simply want to step through the records a page at a time.
DBSchema
Description
Issues commands to read schema results or properties or set up new schema criteria. This function
operates only at a Schema level.
Syntax
return = DBSchema(level, command, parameters...)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
return
level
text
command
text
parameters
Description
Value returned by command. For some commands e.g.
"RecordCount" this is an integer value, for other commands this
is a text value.
A text point or constant specifying the connection level. This
must be a Schema level.
The command must be one of the following:
"Read"
- Transfers a schema page into the
associated point
"Set"
- Enables schema details to be modified
"Type"
- Returns the current Schema Type
"Criteria"
- Returns the current Schema Criteria
"Filter"
- Returns the current Schema Filter
"RecordCount"
- Returns the number of records in the
current Schema
"PageCount"
- Returns the number of pages in the current
Schema
"CurrentPage"
- Returns the current Schema page
Some commands require 1 or more extra parameters. "Read"
takes an optional parameter ‘Page Number’ of type integer. If
no ‘Page Number’ is supplied, this function will return page 1
when first called and automatically return the next page of
schemas for each subsequent call, cycling back to the beginning
when all pages have been returned.
"Set" takes three text parameters for Schema ‘Name’, ‘Criteria’
and ‘Filter’.
Typical Examples
NumberOfRecords = DBSchema("Invoice.Data Types", "RecordCount")
Read the Number of records in the Schema.
DBSchema("Invoice.Data types", "Read", 2)
Read Schema page 2 results into the associated point.
DBSchema("Invoice.Data Types", "Set", "Columns", "COLUMN_NAME", "")
Set a new Schema to return column names.
DBState
Description
Reports if the specified level is in the requested state.
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Syntax
return = DBState(level, state)
Remarks
Argument
Type
return
level
bool
text
state
text
Description
1 if the specified level is in the requested state, otherwise 0
A text point or constant specifying the connection level. This
may be a Connection or Recordset level.
The requested state must be either "Open" or "Closed"
Typical Examples
State = DBState("Invoice", "Closed")
Checks if the Connection "Invoice" is currently closed.
State = DBState("Northwind.Customers", "Open")
Checks if the Recordset "Customers" is currently open.
DBSupports
Description
Returns TRUE if the specified Recordset supports the requested operation.
Syntax
return = DBSupports(level, operation)
Remarks
Argument
Type
return
bool
level
text
operation
text
Description
1 if the specified Recordset supports the requested operation,
otherwise 0
A text point or constant specifying the connection level. This
must be a Recordset level.
The requested operation may be one of:
"AddNew", "Bookmark", "Delete", "Find","MovePrevious" or
"Update"
Typical Example
Result = DBSupports("CSV.Recordset1", "Delete")
Checks if records can be deleted in 'Recordset1'
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Note:
If the "MovePrevious" operation is not supported then only 'Forward-Only' cursor
movements are supported.
DBUpdate
Description
Update the record being added in a Recordset. Used in conjunction with DBAddNew to commit a
new record.
Note:
DBUpdate is ONLY required when DBAddNew has been used at the Field level.
When DBAddNew is used at the Recordset level an additional DBUpdate is not
required as this is performed automatically.
Syntax
returnstate = DBUpdate(level)
Remarks
Argument
Type
returnstate
level
bool
text
Description
1 if the function is successful otherwise 0
A text point or constant specifying the connection level. This
must be a Recordset level.
Typical Example
DBAddNew("Northwind.Order
DBAddNew("Northwind.Order
DBAddNew("Northwind.Order
DBAddNew("Northwind.Order
DBUpdate("Northwind.Order
Details.OrderID")
Details.ProductID")
Details.Quantity")
Details.UnitPrice")
Details")
Each required field is added to the new record using multiple calls to DBAddNew(). When the
record is complete, it is added to the Recordset by calling the DBUpdate() function.
DBWrite
Description
Writes a set of records into a Recordset from the associated point(s). This function operates on both
Recordset and Field levels. At the Recordset level all the associated points values from the Points
will be written into the Recordset starting at the current record (1 page of values will be written for
each Point). At the Field level the associated values from the point are written into the Recordsets
starting at the current position. The number of elements written = number of elements in the Point.
This function will fail, if the Recordset is opened with a Lock of ‘Read Only’.
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Syntax
return = DBWrite(level, reset)
Remarks
Argument
Type
return
level
Bool
Text
reset
Bool
Description
1 if the function is successful otherwise 0
A text point or constant specifying the connection level. This
must be a Recordset level.
This argument is optional and may be omitted. If omitted or
TRUE, when the write is complete the record cursor is reset to
the position prior to writing.
Typical Examples
DBWrite("Northwind.Customers")
Write all point values to the associated Customers fields.
DBWrite("Northwind.Customers.Address", FALSE)
Write the point values to the Address column, and leave the cursor at the next set of records.
Serial Port Functions
InputCOMPort
Description
Sets the serial communications port for receiving ASCII text messages. Any message received is
placed in the text point. The boolean flag is set true to indicate that a message has been received. It
is up to the user to reset this flag between receiving messages in order to indicate that a new message
is present. This function need only be called once to receive multiple messages every time the
termination character is recieved.
Syntax
ReturnState = InputCOMPort(PortNumber, Message, MessagePresent,
MaxLength)
Remarks
Argument
Type
ReturnState
PortNumber
Bool
Integer
message
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Text
Description
True if successful else false.
The number of the port previously configured using the function
SetupCOMPort and opened with OpenCOMPort.
Text point to hold ASCII text message received through the
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MessagePresent
MaxLength
Bool
Integer
port.
Boolean point indicating that a message has been received.
Optional. Maximum length of transmission before input is
terminated. Used where fixed length packets are received
without termination characters.
Typical Example:
bState = InputCOMPort(1, Msg, bTransmission)
OutputCOMPort
Description
Sends an ASCII text message out through the designated serial communications port.
Syntax
ReturnState = OutputCOMPort(PortNumber, Message)
Remarks
Argument
Type
ReturnState
PortNumber
Bool
Integer
message
Text
Description
True if successful else false.
The number of the port previously configured using the function
SetupCOMPort and opened with OpenCOMPort.
Text point holding the ASCII text message to send
through the port.
Typical Example:
bState = OutputCOMPort(1, Msg)
CloseCOMPort
Description
Closes the designated serial communications port on the PC. The port must have been configured
and opened before it can be closed.
Syntax
ReturnState = CloseCOMPort(PortNumber)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
ReturnState
PortNumber
Bool
Integer
Description
True if successful else false.
The number of the port previously configured using the function
SetupCOMPort and opened using the script function
OpenCOMPort.
Typical Example:
bState = CloseCOMPort(1)
OpenCOMPort
Description
Opens the designated serial communications port on the PC for transmitting or receiving data. The
port must have been configured before it can be opened.
Syntax
ReturnState = OpenCOMPort(PortNumber)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
ReturnState
portNumber
Bool
Integer
True if successful else false.
The number of the port previously configured using the function
SetupCOMPort.
Typical Example:
bState
= OpenCOMPort(1)
SetupCOMPort
Description
Configures the designated serial communications port on the PC for transmitting or receiving data.
Syntax
ReturnState = SetupCOMPort(PortNumber, ConfigurationString,
HandShaking, TerminationChar, ControlCharFlag, TermMode)
Remarks
Argument
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Description
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returnstate
portnumber
ConfigurationString
Bool
Integer
Text
HandShaking
Integer
TerminationChar
ControlCharFlag
Integer
Bool
TermMode
Integer
True if successful else false.
The number of the serial port to be configured.
A string indicating the desired Baud rate, Parity, number of data
bits and stop bits.
The required handshaking protocol. Valid values are
0 – None
1 - XonXoff
2 – RTS
3 - RTS & XonXoff
A character indicating the end of the message.
A flag indicating that control characters contained in a received
message should be Ignored.
Optional. Flags to indicate how to use the termination character
@ONINPUT (or value 1) - Function InputComPort expects
Termination Character. This is the default value if omitted.
@ONOUTPUT (or value 2) - Function OutputComPort appends
Termination Character.
@ONINPUT | @ONOUTPUT (or value 3) – both of the above.
Typical Example:
bState
= SetupCOMPort(2, "9600,N,8,1", 0, 0x0D, TRUE)
ActiveX Functions
GetProperty
Description
Gets the value of a property of an OLE object and stores it in a point.
Syntax
propertyvalue = GetProperty(object, property, ...)
Remarks
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Argument
Type
Description
propertyvalue
n/a
object
property
...
Text
Text
n/a
The value of the property. Type is dependant on the type of the
property.
The name of the OLE object to get the property of.
The name of the property to get.
Any number of parameters for the property.
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Typical Examples
OLE1Height = GetProperty(“OLE1”, “Height”)
This will read the property ‘Height’ from the OLE object ‘OLE1’ and store it in the point
‘OLEHeight’.
DM100Value = GetProperty(“CXComms1”, “DM”, 100)
This will read the property ‘DM’ (with one parameter 100) from the OLE object ‘CXComms1’ and
store it in the point ‘DM100Value’.
PutProperty
Description
Puts a value stored in a point into the property of an OLE object.
Syntax
PutProperty(object, property, ..., value)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
object
property
...
value
Text
Text
n/a
n/a
The name of the OLE object containing the property to change.
The name of the property to put.
Any number of parameters for the property.
The value to write to the property. Type is dependant on the
type of property. Can also be a number.
Typical Examples
PutProperty(“OLE1”, “Left”, NewLeftValue)
This will write the value stored in the point NewLeftValue to the property ‘Left’ in the OLE object
‘OLE1’.
PutProperty(“CXComms1”, “DM” 10, NewValue)
This will write the value stored in the point NewValue to the property ‘DM’ (with one parameter 10)
in the OLE object ‘CXComms1’.
PutProperty(“Gauge1”, “Value”, 25.2)
This will write the value 25.2 to the object ‘Gauge1’.
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CHAPTER 6 – Functions and Methods
Execute
Description
Execute a method of an OLE object.
Syntax
Execute(object, method, ...)
Remarks
Argument
Type
object
method
....
Text
Text
n/a
Description
The name of the OLE object.
The name of the method to execute.
Any number of parameters for the method.
Typical Examples
Execute(“OLE1”, “Start”)
This will call the method ‘Start’ on the object ‘OLE1’.
Execute(“CXComms1”, “OpenPLC”, “MyPLC”)
This will call the method ‘OpenPLC’ with one text parameter ‘MyPLC’ on the OLE object
‘CXComms1’
ExecuteVBScript
Description
Creates aliases allowing Visual Basic Script to be executed in line. This uses the Windows Scripting
Host. See chapter 5 for a list of supported functions and details of the Windows Scripting Host.
Syntax
@VBSCRIPT
@ENDSCRIPT
Typical Examples
@VBSCRIPT
OLE1.LEFT = Point(“PointName”)
@ENDSCRIPT
This Visual Basic Script will write the value from the point ‘PointName’ into the property ‘Left’ of
the OLE object ‘OLE1’.
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ExecuteJScript
Description
Creates aliases allowing Java Script to be executed in line. See Appendix C for a list of supported
functions and details of the Windows Scripting Host.
Syntax
@JSCRIPT
@ENDSCRIPT
Typical Examples
@JSCRIPT
Point(“PointName”) = OLE_1.Height;
@ENDSCRIPT
This Java Script will write the value of the property ‘Height’ from the OLE object ‘OLE1’ into the
Point named ‘PointName’.
Note:
The Java Script can not include the { or } characters. To use these, put the script in a
text file and use the ExecuteJScriptFile function.
ExecuteVBScriptFile
Description
Allows Visual Basic script stored in a text file to be executed. This uses the windows scripting host
which must be installed. See chapter 5 for a list of supported functions.
Syntax
returnstate = ExecuteVBScriptFile(scriptfile)
Remarks
Argument
Type
returnstate
scriptfile
bool
Text
Description
1 if the function is successful otherwise 0.
The name of the file with the Visual Basic Script to execute.
Typical Examples
returnstate = ExecuteVBScriptFile(“c:\vbscript.txt”)
This will execute the Visual Basic Script stored in “c:\vbscript.txt”.
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ExecuteJScriptFile
Description
Allows Java script stored in a text file to be executed. This uses the windows scripting host which
must be installed. See Appendix C for a list of supported functions.
Syntax
returnstate = ExecuteJScriptFile(scriptfile)
Remarks
Argument
Type
returnstate
scriptfile
bool
Text
Description
1 if the function is successful otherwise 0.
The name of the file with the Java Script to execute.
Typical Examples
returnstate = ExecuteJScriptFile(“c:\jscript.txt”)
This will execute the Java Script stored in “c:\jscript.txt”.
GenerateEvent
Description
This command is only used in conjunction with a remote connection using a CX-Supervisor
Communications control (see User Manual Chapter 15, Connecting to remote applications). This
command allows the Server machine to post unsolicited data back to the client machine. This data is
captured in the client’s “OnEvent” handler.
The data for the parameters is entirely at the designer’s discretion, depending on what the client needs
to be informed of.
Syntax
returnstate = GenerateEvent(param1, param2, param3)
Remarks
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Argument
Type
returnstate
param1
param2
param3
bool
Text
Text
Text
Description
1 if the function is successful otherwise 0.
Optional. Parameter of data to send
Optional. Parameter of data to send
Optional. Parameter of data to send
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Typical Examples
returnstate = GenerateEvent (“Archive”, “”, “”)
An ‘Archive’event is sent to the client application that may force the client to perform some specified
archive operation. The second and third parameters are not used.
returnstate = GenerateEvent (“[Alarm Set]”, “Boiler alarm”, “95.5”)
An event is sent to the client application which can be interpreted as ‘The Boiler alarm has been set
with a process value of 95.5’.
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CHAPTER 7 – Script Example
CHAPTER 7
Script Example
This chapter provides an example application for a script. The script is a typical script exercising the
basic commands. It is described twice, once as a whole, and once on a line by line basis.
Balloon Script
The following script applies to a simple game.
The user must attempt to land the balloon on the plateau on the right, using the Max/Min slider
control throughout the flight. Clicking Reset clears the current game and initialises a new game.
Clicking the on/off pushbutton starts the game.
When the balloon is airborne, clouds move slowly horizontally and change colour slightly. Clicking
Help at any time brings up a special help page; clicking Close from this help page returns the user to
the game. The blue gauge shows the amount of fuel consumed and left.
The project consists of three page scripts and one object. The three page scripts are initiated at varied
intervals: 10 milliseconds, 100 milliseconds and 1000 milliseconds.
The page script initiated at intervals of 10 milliseconds determines the position of each cloud, and the
speed at which each cloud moves. The page script initiated at intervals of 1000 milliseconds
determines how the balloon reacts to the conditions.
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The page script initiated at intervals of 100 milliseconds provides the main configuration of the game,
reacting to user input and moving the balloon accordingly. This page script is as follows:
IF burner AND alt > 400.0 THEN
burner = FALSE
ENDIF
IF burner THEN
fuel = fuel - rate
IF fuel < 0.0 THEN
fuel = 0.0
burner = FALSE
ENDIF
ENDIF
IF burner AND fuel > 0.0 AND rate > 0.0 THEN
lift = lift + rate/5.0
ELSE
IF alt > 140.0 THEN
lift = lift - 0.2
ENDIF
ENDIF
IF lift < -10.0 THEN
lift = -10.0
ENDIF
alt = alt + lift
IF alt <= 140.0 THEN
IF distance>630.0 AND distance<660.0 AND lift>=-3.0 THEN
winner = TRUE
burner = FALSE
ENDIF
IF lift < -3.0 then
crash = TRUE
burner = FALSE
ENDIF
lift = 0.0
ENDIF
speed = (alt-140.0 )/100.0
IF speed < 0.0 then
speed = 0.0
ENDIF
distance = distance + speed
The following paragraphs describe the above script on a line by line basis.
IF burner AND alt > 400.0 THEN
burner = FALSE
ENDIF
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CHAPTER 7 – Script Example
If the fuel burner is on, based on Boolean point ‘burner’ set to ‘TRUE’, and the altitude of the
balloon, based on point ‘alt’, exceeds 400, then the fuel burner is turned off. Point ‘alt’ is measured
in pixels between 140 and 1000, so the value of 400 is the height in pixels.
IF burner THEN
fuel = fuel – rate
IF fuel < 0.0 THEN
fuel = 0.0
burner = FALSE
ENDIF
ENDIF
If the fuel burner is on, the amount of fuel remaining decreases by the rate of ascent. The rate of
ascent, point ‘rate’ can be modified by moving the slider. If point ‘fuel’ currently has a value of less
than 0, then there is no fuel left and the fuel burner is turned off.
IF burner AND fuel > 0.0 AND rate > 0.0 THEN
lift = lift + rate/5.0
ELSE
IF alt > 140.0 THEN
lift = lift - 0.2
ENDIF
ENDIF
If the fuel burner is on, and there is still fuel left, and the rate of ascent exceeds 0 (the balloon has
taken off) then point ‘lift’ is incremented by the rate of ascent divided by 5 to allow the balloon to
climb. Otherwise the balloon must be descending and point ‘lift’ is decremented by 0.2.
IF lift < -10.0 THEN
lift = -10.0
ENDIF
Once point ‘lift’ reaches -10, it is not allowed to go lower.
alt = alt + lift
The altitude of the balloon is incremented by point ‘lift’.
IF alt <= 140.0 THEN
IF distance>630.0 AND distance<660.0 AND lift>=-3.0 THEN
winner = TRUE
burner = FALSE
ENDIF
If the balloon has hit the ground (point ‘alt’ equals 140), then provided it is on the plateaux (the
position of the balloon in pixels defined by point ‘distance’ is between 630 and 660) and the rate of
descent is not too fast (defined by point ‘lift’), then the game is won.
IF lift < -3.0 then
crash = TRUE
burner = FALSE
ENDIF
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If the balloon has hit the ground (point ‘alt’ equals 140), then if the rate of descent is not too fast
(defined by point ‘lift’), then the game is lost.
lift = 0.0
ENDIF
Point ‘lift’ is reset.
speed = (alt-140.0 )/100.0
IF speed < 0.0 then
speed = 0.0
ENDIF
Point ‘speed’ is calculated based on the altitude.
distance = distance + speed
Point ‘distance’ is calculated based on the speed.
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CHAPTER 8 – Colour Palette
CHAPTER 8
Colour Palette
This chapter discusses the colour palette. A colour may be specified by its name or number. The
following table provides a cross-reference between these. Some colour names made up of more than
one word are separated by an underscore or a hyphen. A specified colour can be changed in the CXSupervisor development environment for the current session; such changes cannot be saved to a Page
or Project, unless colours are changed from the Colour Palette located under the General Settings
submenu in the Project menu.
Using a 16 colour-based screen resolution (consult the Microsoft Windows documentation for further
information) colours 16 to 65 are dithered from the sixteen base colours. Higher colour-based
resolutions are not dithered.
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No.
Colour
No.
Colour
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
black
blue
green
cyan
red
magenta
yellow
white
dark_blue
dark_green
blue-green
brown
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24-65
purple
olive
dark_grey
light-grey
pale-green
light-blue
off-white
grey
cherry
silver
apple
orange
Not used
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APPENDIX A – OPC Communications Control
APPENDIX A
OPC Communications Control
This appendix contains a list of the available component properties and gives details of the Visual
Basic script interface. These properties can be set in run time by using a Visual Basic script
command – for example: OMRONCXOPCCommunicationsControl1.ServerNodeName = “\\NAME”
The Script Interface defines the Visual Basic script interface for the OPC communications control.
See ExecuteVBScript script functions for more information on running Visual Basic Script.
Component Properties
Property Title
DisplayErrors
ProjectName
ServerComputerName
ServerName
Example
Description
True
False
When set True, the object will display a message box for any errors.
If set to False, error messages are not displayed.
Name of .OPC file containing the client setup.
This is the name of the PC with the OPC Server.
Name of the OPC Server to connect to.
e.g. OMRON.OpenDataServer.1
Optional filename, which if specified causes the OPC Server to use
the specified file, if supported by the server.
“MyPC”
ServerProjectName
Script Interface
The Script Interface defines the methods for the OPC communications control.
Functions
Value
Function for getting and setting an OPC item value.
Read
Function to read the value of an OPC item.
Write
Function to write the value of an OPC item.
Value
Reads or writes the value of an OPC item.
Example 1 – Reading a value:
intVal = OMRONCXOPCCommunicationsControl1.Value(“MyGroup”, “BoilerTemp”)
In this example, the OPC item ‘BoilerTemp’ in the OPC group called “MyGroup” will be read from
the OPC Server and will be stored in ‘intVal’.
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Example 2 – Writing a value:
OMRONCXOPCCommunicationsControl1.Value(“MyGroup”, “BoilerTemp”) = 50
In this example, the value 50 will be written to the OPC item ‘BoilerTemp’.
Note: ‘Value’ is the default property so is assumed if omitted. Therefore, the following examples are
the same:
intVal = OMRONCXOPCCommunicationsControl1.Value(“MyGroup”, “BoilerTemp”)
and
intVal = OMRONCXOPCCommunicationsControl1 (“MyGroup”, “BoilerTemp”)
Read
Reads the value of an OPC item.
Example of synchronous read:
intVal = OMRONCXOPCCommunicationsControl1.Read(“MyGroup”, “BoilerTemp”)
In this example, the OPC item ‘BoilerTemp’ in the OPC group called “MyGroup” will be read from
the OPC Server and will be stored in ‘intVal’. The script will wait for the read operation to complete
before continuing to execute the next line. This is identical to the operation of the ‘Value’ method.
Write
Writes the value of an OPC item.
Example of synchronous write:
OMRONCXOPCCommunicationsControl1.Write “MyGroup”, “BoilerTemp”, NewValue
In this example, ‘NewValue’ will be written to the OPC item ‘BoilerTemp’ in the OPC group called
“MyGroup”. The script will wait for the write operation to complete before continuing to execute the
next line. This is identical to the operation of the ‘Value’ method.
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APPENDIX B – CX-Server Communications Control
APPENDIX B
CX-Server Communications Control
When the Project Settings->Advanced settings option “Allow advanced script access to PLC via
‘CXServer’ control” option is selected a CX-Server Communications Control is automaticalled
created to allow script access to CX-Server functions. This ActiveX control is always named
‘CXServer’ (without any hyphen) and can always be used from any script.
This appendix contains a list of the available component properties and methods on the script
interface.
Functions
Value
Values
SetDefaultPLC
OpenPLC
ClosePLC
Read
Write
ReadArea
WriteArea
RunMode
TypeName
IsPointValid
PLC Memory Functions
ListPLCs
ListPoints
IsBadQuality
ClockRead
ClockWrite
RawFINS
Active
TCGetStatus
TCRemoteLocal
SetDeviceAddress
SetDeviceConfig
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Function for getting and setting an area of memory in a PLC. This function allows
logical names to be used. If an array is used, the first element is returned.
Function for getting and setting an area of memory in a PLC. This function allows
logical names to be used. If an array is used then a SAFEARRAY is returned with
all values.
Function for setting the default PLC. This is primarily used when a project
contains multiple PLCs.
Opens the specific PLC for communications.
Closes the specific PLC.
Function to read the value of a PLC point
Function to write the value of a PLC point
Function for reading a block of memory from the PLC.
Function for writing a block of memory to the PLC.
Function for reading / writing the current mode of the PLC.
Function for reading the PLC type (e.g. CQM1H).
Checks a point name is valid.
A, AR, C, CIO, D, DM, DR, E, EM, G, GR, H, IR, LR, SR, ST, T, TC, TK, W.
Functions for getting and setting the memory areas in the PLC.
Property. Holds a list of all PLC names configured in the project file. This property
is read only
Property. Holds a list of all point names configured in the project file. This
property is read only.
Checks whether a point is currently indicating “bad quality”.
Reads the PLC Clock
Sets the PLC Clock
Function that enables raw FINS commands to be sent to a specified PLC.
Function for returning the connection status of a specified PLC.
Function for returning the device status of a specified temperature controller
Function for switching a specified temperature controller into Remote or Local
mode
Sets PLC Network, Node, and Unit number and IP address
Sets any element of device configuration
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APPENDIX B – CX-Server Communications Control
GetDeviceConfig
UploadProgram
DownloadProgram
Protect
LastErrorString
OMRON
Gets any element of device configuration
Uploads a program from a PLC
Downloads a program to a PLC
Protects (or releases protection on) program memory
Description of last error that occurred
Value
Reads the value of an address from a PLC, or writes a value to an address in a PLC. This function
allows logical names.
Example 1 – Reading a value from the PLC using a logical name.
intVal = CXServer.Value(“BoilerTemp”)
or
intVal = CXServer (“BoilerTemp”)
In these examples, the PLC address associated with ‘BoilerTemp’ will be read from the PLC and
stored in ‘intVal’. “Value” is the default property and does not have to be specified.
Example 2 – Writing a value to the PLC using a logical name.
CXServer.Value(“BoilerTemp”) = 50
or
CXServer (“BoilerTemp”) = 50
In these examples, the value 50 will be written to the PLC address associated with ‘BoilerTemp’.
“Value” is the default property and does not have to be specified.
Values
Reads an array of values from a PLC, or writes an array of values to a PLC. This function allows
logical names. If an array is used then a SAFEARRAY is returned with all values.
Example 1 – Reading an array of values from the PLC using a logical name.
SomeArray = CXServer.Values(“BoilerTemps”)
Example 2 – Writing an array of values to the PLC using a logical name.
CXServer.Values(“BoilerTemps”) = SomeArray
SetDefaultPLC
The ‘SetDefaultPLC’ function can be used to inform the script parser that a particular PLC is has
been set as the default. Once a default PLC has been set, then it is not necessary (with some
functions) to specify a PLC name. For example,
CXServer.SetDefaultPLC(“MyPLC”)
intVal = CXServer.Value(“BoilerTemp1”)
CXServer.Value(“BoilerTemp1”) = 75
intVal = CXServer.Value(“DM50”)
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APPENDIX B – CX-Server Communications Control
Each ‘Value’ function above will access data in the PLC called ‘MyPLC’.
Note:
If there is only 1 PLC in the project then it is not necessary to call the ‘SetDefaultPLC’
function. The first PLC in a project will automatically be set as the default PLC.
OpenPLC
Opens a PLC for communications. If no PLC is specified then the default PLC is opened.
Example 1:
CXServer.SetDefaultPLC(“MyPLC”)
CXServer.OpenPLC()
CXServer.DM(100) = 10
CXServer.DM(50) = 10
Example 2:
CXServer.OpenPLC(“MyPLC”)
CXServer.DM(100) = 10
ClosePLC
Closes a previously opened PLC. If no PLC is specified then the default PLC is closed.
Example:
CXServer.ClosePLC(“MyPLC”)
Read
Function to read the value of a PLC point.
Example of synchronous Read
intVal = CXServer.Read(“MyPLC”, “MyPoint”, 0)
In this example, the Point ‘MyPoint’ will be read from the PLC ‘MyPLC’ and stored in ‘intVal’. The
script will wait for the read operation to complete before continuing to execute the next line due to
the ‘0’ parameter. This is identical to the operation of the ‘Value’ method.
Note: If the PLC is not open, then this command will cause it to be opened, and then closed after the
read is complete. If more than one read or write operation is to be performed, it is considerably
faster and more efficient to use the OpenPLC command first, do all the reading and writing, and then
(if required) use the ClosePLC command to close the PLC.
Write
Function to write the value of a PLC point.
Example of synchronous write:
CXServer.Write(“MyPLC”, “MyPoint”, NewValue, 0)
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In this example, ‘NewValue’ will be written to the point ‘MyPoint’ in the PLC called ‘MyPLC’. The
script will wait for the write operation to complete before continuing to execute the next line due to
the ‘0’ parameter. This is identical to the operation of the ‘Value’ method.
Note: If the PLC is not open, then this command will cause it to be opened, and then closed after the
write is complete. If more than one read or write operation is to be performed, it is considerably
faster and more efficient to use the OpenPLC command first, do all the reading and writing, and then
(if required) use the ClosePLC command to close the PLC.
ReadArea
Reads a specified block of memory from a PLC.
Examples of synchronous read:
MyVariant = CXServer.ReadArea(“MyPLC/DM0”, 12, vbString)
MyVariant = CXServer.ReadArea(“BoilerTemp”, 10, vbInteger)
MyVariant = CXServer.ReadArea(“BoilerTemp”, 20)
In the first example, DM0 to DM11 will be read as characters (part of a string) from ‘MyPLC’ and
will be stored in ‘MyVariant’. The second example demonstrates that it is also possible to use a
logical name for the start address, and that any VB variant types (such as vbInteger) can be used. The
third example shows that the VB Variant type parameter is optional – if none is specified then
vbInteger is assumed. The script will wait for the read operation to complete before continuing to
execute the next line.
Note:
If accessing from a CX-Supervisor script, the following integral values should be used
for the return type:
Constant
vbEmpty
vbNull
vbInteger
vbLong
vbSingle
vbSingle
vbCurrency
vbDate
vbString
vbObject
vbError
vbBoolean
vbVariant
vbDataObject
vbDecimal
vbByte
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Value
Description
0
Uninitialized (default)
1
Contains no valid data
2
Integer subtype
3
Long subtype
4
Single subtype
5
Double subtype
6
Currency subtype
7
Date subtype
8
String subtype
9
Object
10
Error subtype
11
Boolean subtype
12
Variant (used only for arrays of variants)
13
Data access object
14
Decimal subtype
17
Byte subtype
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APPENDIX B – CX-Server Communications Control
vbArray
8192 Array
WriteArea
Writes a block of memory to a specified area in a PLC.
Examples of synchronous write:
MyString = “TestString”
CXServer.WriteArea “MyPLC/DM50”, 10, MyString
Dim newValue(2)
newValue(1) = 0
newValue(2) = 1
CXServer.WriteArea “BoilerTemp”,2,newValue
In the first example, the contents of ‘MyString’ will be written into DM50 to DM54. Any additional
data in ‘MyString’ will be ignored (i.e. if ‘MyString’ is 15 characters in length then the first 10
characters will be written to DM50 to DM54 and the remaining 5 characters will be ignored – {Note:
each PLC address holds 2 characters}). The second example shows that a logical name can be used.
The script will wait for the write operation to complete before continuing to execute the next line.
RunMode
Reads the current operating mode of a PLC (Stop/Program, Debug, Monitor, Run), where
0=Stop/Program mode, 1=Debug mode, 2=Monitor mode and 4=Run mode.
Example
intMode = CXServer.RunMode(“MyPLC”)
In this example, the operating mode would be read from ‘MyPLC’ and stored in ‘intMode’. If
‘MyPLC’ was in ‘Monitor’ mode then ‘intMode’ would be set to the value 2.
TypeName
Reads the PLC model name of a PLC (e.g. C200H, CQM1H, CVM1 etc).
Example
strPLCType = CXServer.TypeName(“MyPLC”)
In this example, the PLC model type will be read from ‘MyPLC’ and will be stored in ‘strPLCType’.
IsPointValid
Checks if a Point name has been defined in the CX-Server project file.
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Examples
bValid = CXServer.IsPointValid(“MyPoint”)
bValid = CXServer.IsPointValid(“MyPoint”, “MyPLC”)
In both examples, the boolean variable bValid is set True if the point “MyPoint” has been defined.
PLC Memory Functions
(A, AR, C, CIO, D, DM, DR, E, EM, G, GR, H, IR, LR, SR, ST, T, TC, TK, W)
All PLC memory functions (e.g. A, AR, D, DM etc.) work in exactly the same way. The following
examples use the DM function to get and set the value of a DM address in a PLC.
Example 1
intVal = CXServer.DM(100)
In this example, the contents of DM100 will be read from the PLC and stored in ‘intVal’.
Note:
These examples assume there is only 1 PLC in the CX-Server project file, or that the
‘SetDefaultPLC’ function has been used to select the required PLC. Refer to the
‘SetDefaultPLC’ function for details about using script with multiple PLCs in the
project.
Example 2
CXServer.DM(100) = 75
In this example, the value 75 will be written to DM100 in the PLC.
Bit addressing, that is accessing data from individual memory bits, is also supported by these memory
areas: IR, AR, HR and CIO.
Example 3
bVal = CXServer.IR(“100.2”)
In this example, the status of bit IR100.2 (i.e. bit 2 of IR100) will be read from the PLC and stored in
‘bVal’ (e.g. ‘bVal’ will be set to TRUE or FALSE).
Example 4
CXServer.IR(“100.2”) = True
In this example, bit IR100.2 (i.e. bit 2 of IR100) in the PLC will be set to True. Note that use of the
quotes is optional, but is required to differentiate between 100.1 and 100.10
ListPLCs
Holds a list of all PLC names configured in the project file. This property is read only.
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Example
Dim arrayOfPLCs
Dim nUbound, nLbound
arrayOfPLCs = CXServer.ListPLCs
nLbound = LBound(arrayOfPLCs)
nUbound = UBound(arrayOfPLCs)
For Count = nLbound To nUbound
MsgBox arrayOfPLCs(Count)
Next
In this example, the list of PLC names in the project configured stored in ‘arrayOfPLCs’ and then
each is displayed in a message box.
ListPoints
Holds a list of all point names configured in the project file or PLC. This property is read only.
Example
Dim arrayOfPoints
Dim nUbound, nLbound
arrayOfPoints = CXServer.ListPoints(sPLC)
nLbound = LBound(arrayOfPoints)
nUbound = UBound(arrayOfPoints)
For Count = 1 To UBound(arrayOfPoints)
MsgBox arrayOfPoints (Count)
Next
In this example, the list of Points configured for the PLC name specified in text point sPLC is stored
in ‘arrayOfPoints’ and each displayed in a message box.
Example 2
arrayOfPoints = CXServer.ListPoints
If ListPoints is used without a parameter then points from all PLCs are returned.
IsBadQuality
Checks whether a point is currently indicating “Bad Quality”.
Example
Dim bBad
bBad = CXServer.IsBadQuality(“MyPLC”, “MyPoint”)
Note: IsBadQuality will return True in situations where the quality is unknown, e.g. where no
previous communications with a point has occurred.
ClockRead
Function that reads the PLC clock
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Example
Dim NewDate
NewDate = CXServer.ClockRead("PLC1")
‘ dates can be manipulated via standard VBScript methods (FormatDateTime, DatePart etc.)
TextBox1 = NewDate ‘ this uses a Microsoft Forms Text Box to convert date to string
TextPoint1 = TextBox1 ‘this writes the date string to a CX-Supervisor text point
ClockWrite
Function that sets the PLC clock. The expected format for the date is “dd/mm/yyyy hh:mm:ss”.
Example
Dim NewDate
'set time/date value here using standard VBScript methods (Date, Time, Now, CDate etc.)
NewDate = Now ‘ This example sets the time to the current PC time
CXServer.ClockWrite "PLC1", NewDate
RawFINS
This function enables raw FINS commands to be sent to a specified PLC. This function is for
advanced users familiar with the Omron FINS protocol only.
VBScript Example
Dim sFINS
Dim sResponse
sFINS = "0501"
sResponse = CXServer.RawFINS(sFins, sPLC)
txtFINSResponse = sResponse ‘txtFINSResponse is a CX-Supervisor point.
Active
Returns the connection status of a specified PLC.
VBScript Example
bActive = CXServer.Active(“MyPLC”) ‘ bActive is a CX-Supervisor point
In this example, the connected status would be read from ‘MyPLC’ and stored in CX-Supervisor
point ‘bActive’. If ‘MyPLC’ is connected ‘bActive’ would be set to True.
TCGetStatus
Return status data for the specified temperature controller.
Example
Dim bTCStatusResponse
bTCStatusResponse = CXServer.TCGetStatus("E5AK")
‘Heating output is bTCStatusResponse(21)
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‘Cooling output is bTCStatusResponse(22)
‘Alarm 1 output is bTCStatusResponse(23)
‘Alarm 2 output is bTCStatusResponse(24)
‘Alarm 3 output is bTCStatusResponse(25)
‘Stopped status is bTCStatusResponse(28)
‘Remote status is bTCStatusResponse(30)
In this example, the device status is being read from “E5AK” as an array of bytes. The response from
the temperature controller is stored as an array of bytes in bTCStatusResponse.
TCRemoteLocal
The TCRemoteLocal command will execute the Remote/Local command for the specified temperature
controller:
Example - in this example, the “E5AK” device is being set to local mode:
‘Set the device to local mode
CXServer.TCRemoteLocal "E5AK”, 1
Example - in this example, the “E5AK” device is being set to remote mode:
‘Set the device to remote mode
CXServer.TCRemoteLocal "E5AK”, 0
SetDeviceAddress
This function can be used to set key elements of a device address (the network number, node number,
unit number and Ethernet IP address). The numbers are in the range 0 to 255, with -1 being used to
denote “ignore this parameter”. This function is for advanced users only.
Note: this method does not interpret or verify the data passed, and it is possible to pass invalid data
that will prevent a device communicating. Care should be taken to ensure that all data passed is valid.
This method should not be used while a PLC is open and communicating.
Example:
NetworkNum = 1
NodeNum = 2
UnitNum = -1
iPAddress = “10.0.0.1”
bValid = CXServer.SetDeviceAddress( "PLC1", NetworkNum, NodeNum, UnitNum,
IPAddress)
Note: The return Boolean value, bValid, is set to True if no errors were detected. However, this does
not necessarily mean that all the parameters used were valid or appropriate for the PLC being used.
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SetDeviceConfig
This is a function that can be used to set any element of CX-Server device configuration. All the data
is passed in textual form. This function is for advanced users only.
Note: This method does not interpret or verify the data passed, and it is possible to pass invalid data
that will prevent a device communicating. Care should be taken to ensure that all data passed is valid.
This method should not be used while a PLC is open and communicating.
Example:
Device = “PLC1”
Section = “NET”
Entry = “IPADDR”
Setting = “10.0.0.1”
bValid = CXServer.SetDeviceConfig Device, Section, Entry, Setting
Note: The return Boolean value, bValid, is set to True if no errors were detected. However, this does
not necessarily mean that all the parameters used were valid or appropriate for the device being used.
Only the following Section, Entry and Setting parameter value combinations are currently supported:
•
Section = “ADDRESS”, Entry = “DNA”, Setting = “0”..Setting = “255” - this can be used
to set the network number
•
Section = “ADDRESS”, Entry = “DA1”, Setting = “0”..Setting = “255” - this can be used
to set the node number
•
Section = “ADDRESS”, Entry = “UNIT”, Setting = “0”..Setting = “255” - this can be used
to set the unit number
•
Section = “ADDRESS”, Entry = “IPADDR”,
Setting = “0.0.0.0”..Setting =
“255.255.255.255” - this can be used to set the Ethernet IP address
Other parameter values may work, but should only be used on Omron advice.
GetDeviceConfig
This is a function that can be used to read any element of the CX-Server device configuration. All the
data is passed (and received) in textual form. This function is for advanced users only.
Example:
Dim Setting
Device = “PLC1”
Section = “NET”
Entry = “IPADDR”
Setting = CXServer.GetDeviceConfig Device, Section, Entry
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Currently supported parameter values are as described for the SetDeviceConfig method.
UploadProgram
The UploadProgram function can be used to read a program from a PLC. The program is read in
binary form, and stored in a user-specified file. This function should not be used at the same time as
any other PLC communications. The project and PLC will automatically be opened if required. This
function is for advanced users only.
Example:
Dim SourceFile
Dim DestinationFile
Sourcefile = “”
DestinationFile = “c:\test1.bin”
CXServer.UploadProgram "PLC1", SourceFile, DestinationFile, 1, 0
The first parameter is the PLC name.
The second parameter is the source file name. To upload the current program this should be an empty
string, but may also be set to the name of a file in the root directory of a memory card, e.g.
“Example.obj”.
The third parameter is the name of the local file to store the program. A ‘.bin’ file extention is typical
for a binary file.
Note: The 4th and 5th parameters are reserved, and should always be 1 and 0 respectively
DownloadProgram
The DownloadProgram function can be used to write a program to a PLC. This function should not
be used at the same time as any other PLC communications. The project and PLC will automatically
be opened if required. This function is for advanced users only.
Note: Care should be taken with this function to ensure that the program written is valid for the PLC
to which it is downloaded.
Example:
bValid =CXServer.DownloadProgram "PLC1", "c:\test2.bin", "", 1, 0
The first parameter is the PLC name.
The second parameter is the local source file name. A ‘.bin’ file extention is typical for a binary file.
To download the current program the third parameter should be an empty string, but may also be set
to the name of a file to download to the root directory of a memory card, e.g. “Example.obj”.
Note: The 4th and 5th parameters are reserved, and should always be 1 and 0 respectively
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Protect
The Protect function can be used to protect (or remove protection from) PLC program memory. This
function should not be used at the same time as any other PLC communications. The project and PLC
will automatically be opened if required. This function is for advanced users only.
Example 1 (sets protection for CS series PLC)
Dim SetProtection
Dim PasswordString
Dim PasswordNumber
EnableProtection = true
PasswordString = “Password”
PasswordNumber = 0
CXServer.Protect “PLC1”, EnableProtection, PasswordString, PasswordNumber
Example 2 (unsets protection for C series PLC)
Dim SetProtection
Dim PasswordString
Dim PasswordNumber
EnableProtection = false
PasswordString = “”
PasswordNumber = 12345678
CXServer.Protect “PLC1”, EnableProtection, PasswordString, PasswordNumber
The parameters of this command are, in order:
PLC – Name of PLC
EnableProtection – true to set password protection, false to unset it
PasswordString – Password as a string. For CS series PLCs this should be a string of up to 8
characters. For CV PLCs this should be a string of up to 8 characters containing a
hexadecimal number, e.g. “12345678”. For C series PLCs this should be a string of up to 4
characters containing a hexadecimal number, e.g. “1234”.
PasswordNumber – currently this is only used for C and CV series PLCs, and only when the
password string is empty. In those circumstances it is simply a number representing the
value of the 4 or 8 digit password. Please note that the password is entered in CXProgrammer as a hexadecimal string (as with the PasswordString parameter above), and
that, for example, the value 1234 in decimal is the equivalent to “04d2” as a hexadecimal
password string.
Additional C Series PLC notes: For C series the PLC program needs code (the first line of the
application) in the PLC to enable password setting/release, and this fixes the password value.
e.g.
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When setting the password this value is used rather than the value passed – i.e. the password string or
number is ignored. The correct password must be provided, however, when disabling the password
protection.
LastErrorString
This property, which can be set as well as read, is a textual description of the last error that occurred.
If none have occurred, it is blank.
Example:
txtError = CXServer.LastErrorString
CXServer.LastErrorString = “”
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APPENDIX C
JScript Features
This appendix provides a summary of JScript features available for use with the ExecuteJScript and
ExecuteJScriptFile script functions. These features are provided by the Windows Scripting Host,
included by default with Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows 2000 and Windows XP and installed
by Internet Explorer 4.0 and later. For Windows 95 and Windows NT, the Windows Scripting Host is
available as a free download from Microsoft’s Web site.
For details of the latest versions and support contact Microsoft at http://msdn.microsoft.com/scripting
Category
Array Handing
Assignments
Booleans
Comments
Constants / Literals
Control flow
Dates and Time
Declarations
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Keyword / Feature
Array
join, length, reverse, sort
Assign (=)
Compound Assign (OP=)
Boolean
/*…*/ or //
NaN
null
true, false
Infinity
undefined
break
continue
for
for..in
if…else
return
while
Date
getDate, getDay, getFullYear, getHours,
getMilliseconds, getMinutes, getMonth, getSeconds,
getTime, getTimezoneOffset, getYear,
getUTCDate, getUTCDay, getUTCFullYear,
getUTCHours, getUTCMilliseconds, getUTCMinutes,
getUTCMonth, getUTCSeconds,
setDate, setFullYear, setHours, setMilliseconds,
setMinutes, setMonth, setSeconds, setTime, setYear,
setUTCDate, setUTCFullYear, setUTCHours,
setUTCmillisecinds, setUTCMinutes, setUTCMonth,
setUTCSeconds,
toGMTString, toLocaleString, toUTCString, parse, UTC
function
new
this
var
with
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Category
Function Creation
Global Methods
Maths
Numbers
Object Creation
Operators
Objects
Strings
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Keyword / Feature
Function
arguments, length
Global
escape, unescape
eval
isFinite, isNaN
parseInt, parseFloat
Math
abs, acos, asin, atan, atan2, ceil, cos, exp, floor, log,
max, min, pow, random, round, sin, sqrt, tan,
E, LN2, LN10, LOG2E, LOG10E, PI, SQRT1_2, SQRT2
Number
MAX_VALUE, MIN_VALUE
NaN
NEGATIVE_INFINITY, POSITIVE_INFINITY
Object
new
constructor, prototype, toString, valueOf
Addition(+), Subtraction (-)
Modulus arithmetic (%)
Multiplication (*), Division (/)
Negation (-)
Equality (==), Inequality (!=)
Less Than (<), Less Than or Equal To (<=)
Greater Than (>)
Greater Than or Equal To (>=)
Logical And (&&), Or (||), Not (!)
Bitwise And (&), Or (|), Not (~), Xor (^)
Bitwise Left Shift (<<), Shift Right (>>)
Unsigned Shift Right (>>>)
Conditional (?:)
Comma (,)
delete, typeof, void
Decrement (--), Increment (++)
Array
Boolean
Date
Function
Global
Math
Number
Object
String
String
charAt, charCodeAt, fromCharCode
indexOf, lastIndexOf
split
toLowerCase, toUpperCase
length
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APPENDIX D
Obsolete Features
This appendix provides a summary of features that are obsolete and have been removed from the
standard documentation. Details are included here to assist maintaining old projects still using these
features. These features should not be used in development of new solutions as it is likely support for
the following features may and will be removed from the next or future releases.
Windows NT, Windows ME, Windows 98 and Windows 95
This product will no longer install on these operatinf systems. It is recommended to upgrade to a later
Windows version.
Sleep
Description
Pause execution of a script for specified duration.
Syntax
Sleep (duration)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Duration
---
Description
Number of milliseconds to wait before continuing.
Typical Example
Sleep (1000)
CX-Supervisor waits 1 second.
Note 1: The sleep statement should be used with caution, as some other parts of the system
may not be updated while a script is sleeping. It also uses multithreading which means
some tasks like PLC communication may occur in parallel and behave unpredictably.
Note 2: In a well designed, truly event driven system use of the Sleep() statement should never
be required. Always consider if the statements after the Sleep should be in their own
script, executed when a Condition occurs.
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Note 3: The Granularity (or intervals) differs between Operating Systems. In Windows NT
(and 2000) expiration is checked every 10ms, so 'Sleep(100)' actually pauses for
any time between 100 to 109.99 milliseconds depending on when it was started. For
Windows 98 (and ME) the granularity is 55ms so 'Sleep(100)' actually pauses for
110 (2 times 55) to 164.99 milliseconds (nearly 3 times 55). For this reason, Sleep
statements can act differently on different Operating Systems making the application
OS dependant.
Note 4: Sleep should never be used as a delay for timing processes, for the following reasons:
- The actual time delay depends on the OS as described above
- There is always an error of 0 to 1 granularity, depending on when the action is
started.
- The frequency can not be guaranteed as the OS may be busy, or handling other
processes.
DDE Commands
DDE as a means for exchanging data has now been obsolete for some years. In fact for so long even
its successor, OLE Automation is obsolete. DDE has also proved to be a poor technology, suffering
from unfixed memory leaks both in the native Operating Systems, and tools like Microsoft Excel.
This technology has now been replaced and the CX-Supervisor Communications Control should be
used instead.
The following DDE script commands are obsolete.
DDEExecute
Syntax
returnstate = DDEExecute(channel, {command})
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
channel
Bool
Integer
point
command
String
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
This is an integer point which contains the return value of the
DDEInitiate() command. Both server and topic parameters
applied to the channel based on the DDEInitiate() command
must be open or an error is reported.
This is a command as recognised by the server application
specified within the channel.
Typical Example
channelname = DDEInitiate("Excel", "Sheet1.xls")
DDEExecute(channelname, {[OPEN("C:\EXCEL\WORK\SHEET2.XLS")]})
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The file ‘SHEET2.XLS’ within path ‘C:\EXCEL\WORK’ is opened in Microsoft Excel, as specified
by the Integer point ‘channelname’. The file ‘SHEET1.XLS’ is already open in Microsoft Excel
DDEInitiate
Syntax
channel = DDEInitiate("server", topic")
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
channel
server
Integer
point
String
topic
String
This is an integer point which contains the return value of the
DDEInitiate() command.
This contains the application that supports DDE as a DDE
server. Typically, this is the name of the applications’ *.EXE
executable file without the filename extension. At runtime, the
server application must be open or a value cannot be returned
and an error is reported.
This contains the name of the topic recognised by the server
application. Typically, a topic is a document within an
application. At runtime, the topic must be open or a value
cannot be returned and an error is reported.
The topic may be left empty, which enables documents to open
remotely prior to making a specified connection. The topic
name ‘System’ may be used to find out which other topics
within the server application are available. However, this is
dependant on the server application supporting this topic.
Typical Example
channelname = DDEInitiate("Excel", "Sheet1.xls")
The Integer point ‘channelname’ is provided with a DDE link to the application Microsoft Excel
which is run by the executable filename ‘EXCEL.EXE’, and to the file ‘SHEET1.XLS’ within that
application.
DDEOpenLinks
Syntax
returnstate = DDEOpenLinks(channel)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
channel
bool
Integer
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
This is an integer point which contains the return value of the
DDEInitiate() command. Both server and topic parameters
applied to the channel in the DDEInitiate() command must be
open or an error is reported.
Typical Example
channelname = DDEInitiate("Excel", "Sheet1.xls")
DDEOpenLinks(channelname)
The DDEOpenLinks command enables points which have been configured to communicate via DDE
to begin data transfer. Data transfer between CX-Supervisor and the application Microsoft Excel is
automatically maintained until the channel is closed either by Microsoft Excel or by the command
DDETerminate() using the Integer point ‘channelname’, or the command DDETerminateAll().
DDEPoke
Syntax
returnstate = DDEPoke(channel, "item", pointname)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
channel
bool
Integer
point
item
string
pointname
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
This is an integer point which contains the return value of the
DDEInitiate() command. Both server and topic parameters
applied to the in the DDEInitiate() command must be open or an
error is reported.
This is an item as recognised by the server application. For
instance, a cell is an item within a spreadsheet application.
Likewise, a page is an item for a word processing application.
It is wholly dependant on the server application
This is a point whose attributes must include a DDE Access of
‘Read/Only’ or ‘Read/Write’. The contents of this point are
assigned to the server application.
Typical Example
channelname = DDEInitiate("Excel", "Sheet1.xls")
DDEPoke(channelname, "R2C5", data)
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The content of point ‘data’ is sent to row 2, column 5 of ‘SHEET1.XLS’ in the Microsoft application.
The Microsoft Excel application, and ‘SHEET1.XLS’ are specified by Integer point ‘channelname’.
DDERequest
Syntax
pointname = DDERequest(channel, "item")
Remarks
Argument
Type
channel
Integer
point
item
string
pointname
point
Description
This is an integer point which contains the return value of the
DDEInitiate() command. Both server and topic parameters
applied to the channel in the DDEInitiate() command must be
open or an error is reported.
This is an item as recognised by the server application. For
instance, a cell is an item within a spreadsheet application.
Likewise, a page is an item for a word processing application.
It is wholly dependent on the server application.
This is a point whose attributes must include a DDE Access of
‘Read/Write’.
Typical Example
channelname = DDEInitiate("Excel", "Sheet1.xls")
cellref = DDERequest(“channelname”, "R2C5")
The point ‘cellref’ is filled from a specific item, row 2, column 5 from ‘SHEET1.XLS’ from the
Microsoft Excel application, specified by the Integer point ‘channelname’.
DDETerminate
Syntax
returnstate = DDETerminate(channel)
Remarks
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Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
channel
bool
Integer
point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
This is an integer point which contains the return value of the
DDEInitiate() command. Both server and topic parameters
applied to the channel in the DDEInitiate() command must be
open or an error is reported.
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Typical Example
DDETerminate(channelname)
The server and topic specified by Integer point ‘channelname’ is closed.
DDETerminateAll
Syntax
returnstate = DDETerminateAll()
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
bool
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Typical Example
DDETerminateAll()
All previously initiated DDE links are closed.
EnableDDE
Syntax
returnstate = EnableDDE(pointname)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
Pointname
bool
bool point
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
A Boolean point that holds the required enable/disable state
Typical Examples
EnableDDE(result)
DDE functions are enabled based on the value of point ‘result’. If ‘point’ is ‘TRUE’, then DDE is
enabled, if ‘point’ is ‘FALSE’, then DDE is disabled.
EnableDDE(TRUE)
DDE functions can also be enabled directly without using a point to hold the desired status.
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Graph Commands
ClearGraph
Syntax
returnstate = ClearGraph(“graphid”, ”pagename”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
graphid
pagename
bool
string
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
The identifier of the trend or scatter graph to be cleared.
Optional parameter indicating the name of the page that the
graph is on.
Typical Examples
ClearGraph(“Graph_1”, “TestPage1”)
The trend or scatter graph on ‘TestPage1’ with the identifier ‘Graph_1’ has its data cleared.
ClearGraph (“Graph_2”)
The trend or scatter graph on the current page, with the identifier ‘Graph_2’, has its data cleared.
StartGraph
Syntax
returnstate = StartGraph(“graphid”, “pagename”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
graphid
pagename
bool
string
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
The identifier of the trend or scatter graph to be started.
Optional parameter indicating the name of the page that the
graph is on.
Typical Examples
StartGraph(“Graph_1”, “TestPage1”)
The trend or scatter graph on ‘TestPage1’ with the identifier ‘Graph_1’ has its data logging started.
StartGraph(“Graph_2”)
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The trend or scatter graph on the current page with the identifier ‘Graph_2’ has its data logging
started.
Note:
This command is provided for compatibility with SCS v2.0 applications. For newer
applications the data logging facilities should be used in preference.
StopGraph
Syntax
returnstate = StopGraph(“graphid”, “pagename”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
graphid
pagename
bool
string
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
The identifier of the trend or scatter graph to be stopped.
Optional parameter indicating the name of the page that the
graph is on.
Typical Examples
StopGraph(“Graph_1”, “TestPage1”)
The trend or scatter graph on ‘TestPage1’ with the identifier ‘Graph_1’ has its data logging stopped.
StopGraph(“Graph_2”)
The trend or scatter graph on the current page with the identifier ‘Graph_2’ has its data logging
stopped.
EditGraph
Syntax
returnstate = EditGraph(“graphid”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
graphid
bool
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
The identifier of the trend graph to be edited.
Typical Example
EditGraph(“Graph_1”)
The Edit Graph dialog is displayed offering options to view historical data for the chosen trend graph.
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♦
Display Data loads the currently selected data sample i.e. either the current screen data or a
snapshot of the data, into the trend graph.
♦
Snapshot stores the current data buffer associated with the trend graph. The snapshot is given a
time stamped default description.
♦
Description provides the ability to change the description associated with the snapshot.
♦
Import Data provides the ability to load in a previously saved trend graph file.
♦
Export Data provides the ability to store a snapshot to a file, either in internal CX-Supervisor
format, or as a text file that can be imported into other applications.
♦
Delete removes the currently selected snapshot.
Note: This command is provided for compatibility with SCS v2.0 applications. For newer
applications the data logging facilities should be used in preference.
Note:
This command can only be used if the trend is set to log to a file.
SaveGraph
Syntax
returnstate = SaveGraph(“graphid”)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
graphid
pagename
bool
string
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
The identifier of the trend to be saved.
Optional parameter indicating the name of the page that the
graph is on.
Typical Examples
SaveGraph(“Graph_1”, “TestPage1”)
The trend graph on the page ‘TestPage’ with the identifier ‘Graph_1’ has its data saved to disc.
SaveGraph(“Graph_2”)
The trend graph on the current page with the identifier ‘Graph_2’ has its data saved to disc.
Snapshot
Syntax
returnstate = Snapshot(“graphid”, “pagename”)
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Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
graphid
pagename
bool
string
string
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
The identifier of the trend graph to have a snapshot
Optional parameter indicating the name of the page that the
graph is on.
Typical Examples
Snapshot(“Graph_1”, “TestPage1”)
The current data in trend graph ‘Graph1’ on ‘TestPage1’, is stored and is able to be viewed via the
EditGraph command.
Snapshot(“Graph_2”)
The current data in trend graph ‘Graph1’ on the current page, is stored and is able to be viewed via
the EditGraph command.
Note:
This command is provided for compatibility with SCS v2.0 applications. For newer
applications the data logging facilities should be used in preference.
GetPointValue
Syntax
returnpoint = GetPointValue(pointname,offset)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
pointname
offset
point
integer
returnpoint
point
This is the name of the point whose contents are to be returned.
This specifies the offset into an array point. 0 if the point is not
an array point.
Point that contains the return value. The type of data returned is
dependant on the pointname specified.
Typical Example
pointname = 10;
returnpoint = GetPointValue(pointname,0)
The point ‘returnpoint’ contains the value 10. The offset is added to any offset specified for
pointname. For example:
returnpoint = GetPointValue(a[10],10)
Causes the 21st element (offsets begin at zero) of array ‘a’ to be retrieved.
Note:
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GetSpoolCount
Syntax
returnstate = GetSpoolCount()
Remarks
Argument
Type
returnstate
int
Description
Number of messages queued up waiting to be printed on
Alarm/Message printer.
Typical Example
NumberMessages = GetSpoolCount()
The count of the number of messages (typically printed alarms) that are queued up waiting to be sent
to the CX-Supervisor Alarm/Message printer is returned.
SetPrinterConfig
Syntax
returnstate StePrintConfig(Driver, Device, Port)
Remarks
Argument
Type
Description
returnstate
Driver
Device
Bool
String
String
Port
Line Terminator
String
String
Returnstate is ‘1’ if the function is successful, or ‘0’ otherwise.
Name of printer device (e.g. “Epson9” for 9 pin Epson printers.
Name of specific device (e.g. “Epson FX-870”). This is
optional.
Name of port or file(e.g. “LPT1.”).
Optional. Sets terminator (e.g. cr) to be added to end of each
printed line.
Typical Examples
SetPrinterConfig(“SCSPRN”, “”, “LPT1:”)
This uses standard CX-Supervisor line print driver.
SetPrinterConfig(“”, “”, “”)
This uses default Windows printer driver.
SetPrinterConfig(“Epson9”, “”, “LPT2:”)
This uses Epson printer driver, attached to LPT2.
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SetPrinterConfig(DriverNamePoint, DeviceNamePoint, PrintNamePoint)
This uses text points.
Terminator = FormatText(“%c%c”,13,10)
Character 10 is 'lf' (newline), character 13 is cr (carriage return).
SetPrinterConfig(“Epson9”,“”,“LPT1:”,Terminator)
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GLOSSARY OF TERMS
ADO
ADO stands for Active Data Objects and is data access technology which
uses OLE-DB to access data sources in a uniform way e.g. MS-Access
databases, MS-Excel spreadsheets and Comma Separated Variable files.
AND
A logic operator used to interrogate Boolean type points. AND returns
‘TRUE’ if all arguments are ‘TRUE’. An example of AND is that if a is a
statement and b is a statement, AND returns ‘TRUE’ if both a and b are
‘TRUE’. If one or both statements return ‘FALSE’ then AND returns
‘FALSE’.
Application
A software program that accomplishes a specific task. Examples of
applications are CX-Supervisor, SYSMAC-CDM, Microsoft Word for
Windows and Microsoft Excel. CX-Supervisor and its development
environment allows the creation and testing of new applications through a
Graphical User Interface (GUI).
Arguments
Words, phrases, or numbers that can be entered on the same line as a
command or statement to expand or modify the command or statement
within the CX-Supervisor script language. The command acts on the
argument. In essence the command is a verb, and the argument is the
object of the verb. An example of an argument in CX-Supervisor is
“Message("Text")” where Message is a command within the script
language, and "Text" is the argument upon which the command will
act.
ASCII
An old standard, defining a set of characters. Officially using only 7 bits
allows definitions for only 127 characters, and does not include any
accented characters.
Bitmap
The representation of an image stored in a computer’s memory. Each
picture element (pixel) is represented by bits stored in the memory. In CXSupervisor a bitmap image can be installed as a single object.
Boolean type
A type of point where the value of the point can be one of two states.
Essentially the two states are ‘0’ and ‘1’, but these states can be assigned a
meaningful designation. Examples are:
State
Example
Example
Example
Example
0
‘OFF’
‘FALSE’
‘OUT’
‘CLOSED’
1
‘ON’
‘TRUE’
‘IN’
‘OPEN’
See also: AND, NOT and OR.
COM
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Communications Driver
The relevant communications management system for OMRON PLCs in
conjunction with Microsoft Windows, providing facilities for other
SYSMAC software to maintain PLC device and address information and to
communicate with OMRON PLCs and their supported network types.
Constant
Within CX-Supervisor, a constant is a point within the script language that
takes only one specific value.
Control Object
In CX-Supervisor, a control object is applied in the development
environment and can be a pushbutton, a toggle button, a slider, a trend
graph, a rotational gauge or a linear gauge. Essentially a control object can
be a complex graphic object consisting of a number of primitive graphic
objects, which provides user interaction.
CX-Server
An advanced communications management system for OMRON PLCs
providing facilities for software to maintain PLC device and address
information and to communicate with OMRON PLCs and their supported
network types. CX-Server supports CS-Series PLCs.
Database connection
A Database connection (or Connection for short) contains the details used
to access a data source. This can either be via Data Source Name (DSN),
filename or directory.
Database Connection Level
A Database Connection Level is a string which determines what level in
the database tree hierarchy is to be operated on. Some examples are listed
below:
"Northwind"
"CSV.Result"
"Northwind.Order Details.OrderID"
"Invoice.Data Types"
Connectionlevel
Recordset level
Field level
Schema level
Database Recordset
A Database recordset (or Recordset for short) is a set of records. This
could either be an actual Table in the database, or a table that has been
generated as a consequence of running a Query.
Database Schema
A Database Schema (or Schema for short) obtains database schema
information from a Provider.
Database Server Query
A Database Server Query (or Server Query for short) is a query that is
stored in the actual Database. They are pre-defined and added by the
database designer which means they are 'fixed' for the duration of a project.
Server Queries may have pre-defined 'Parameters', which allow criteria to
be passed to the query at runtime e.g. values to filter, allowing one query to
be used to produce different results. Each pre-defined parameter must
have a Parameter Association defined. Because these queries are stored in
a compiled and tested form they are more efficient and therefore
preferential to running a SQL Query.
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Database SQL Query
A Database SQL Query (or SQL Query for short) is interpreted
dynamically at runtime. The SQL Text can be modified at runtime,
enabling different Queries to be run for varying situations however, the
SQL Text has to be compiled on the fly every time it is executed and
consequently is less efficient than a Server Query.
DBCS
DBCS stands for Double Byte Character Set and is a Microsoft extension
of ASCII which uses 2 bytes (16 bits) to define character codes. With this
larger range it can include accented characters, extended ASCII characters,
Nordic characters and symbols.
DCOM
DCOM is a distributed version of COM that allows components on
different PCs to interact over a network.
DDE
Dynamic Data Exchange. Now obsolete. A channel through which
correctly prepared programs can actively exchange data and control other
applications within Microsoft Windows.
Development Environment
SCADA applications are created and tested using the development
environment within CX-Supervisor.
On completion, the finished
application can be delivered as a final customer application to be run by
the run-time environment.
DLL
Dynamic Link Library. A program file that although cannot be run standalone as an executable, can be utilised by one or more applications or
programs as a common service. DLL files have a *.DLL extension.
DLL’s comprise a number of stand-alone functions. In CX-Supervisor, a
DLL containing icons can be accessed to represent the display part of an
OLE object. One such DLL, ‘MORICONS.DLL’, is provided in the
standard Microsoft Windows installation.
Download
A recipe is downloaded during runtime. This process involves identifying
the appropriate recipe and executing the validation code, if any exists. The
download is complete when each ingredient has set its point to the target
value.
Executable
A file that contains programs or commands of an application that can be
executed by a user or another application. Executable files have a *.EXE
file extension. CX-Supervisor provides two executable files, one for the
development environment (CXSUPERVISORDEV.EXE), and one for the
run-time environment (SCS.EXE).
Expressions
In the CX-Supervisor script language, expressions are a construct for
computing a value from one or more operands. For instance, in the
example “lift = height + rate”, the expression is “height +
rate” where the result yielded from the expression is used for the value
of “lift”. Outside of the script language, expressions consisting of
operators and operands can be used to control objects , through actions.
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Field association
A field association enables a link to be made between a CX-Supervisor
Point and a particular field (i.e. column) within a recordset.
Graphic Object
In CX-Supervisor, a graphic object is created in the development
environment, and can be a line, an arc, a polygon (including a square and
rectangle), a round rectangle, an ellipse (including a circle), or a polyline.
A complex object can exist as a combination of two or more graphic
objects.
GUI
Graphical User Interface. Part of a program that interacts with the user and
takes full advantage of the graphics displays of computers. A GUI
employs pull-down menus and dialog boxes for ease of use. Like all
Microsoft Windows based applications, CX-Supervisor has a GUI.
I / O type
Input / Output type. An attribute of a point that defines the origin and
destination of the data for that point. The data for a point can originate (be
input from) and is destined (is output to) to the internal computer memory,
or PLC.
Icon
Pictorial representations of computer resources and functions. The CXSupervisor development environment and run-time environment are run
from icons.
Ingredient
Each recipe consists of at least one ingredient. Each ingredient must be
related to an existing point.
Integer type
A type of point where the value of the point can only be a whole positive
or negative number.
Item
Within the CX-Supervisor script language, Item is a generic term for a
point, OPC item or Temperature Controller item.
JScript
A Java style scripting language supported by Microsoft’s Windows
Scripting Host.
JVM
Java Virtual Machine.
Microsoft Excel
A spreadsheet application.
Microsoft Windows
A windowing environment that is noted for its GUI, and for features such
as multiple typefaces, desk accessories (such as a clock, calculator,
calendar and notepad), and the capability of moving text and graphics from
one application to another via a clipboard.
CX-Supervisor will run only under Microsoft Windows.
Microsoft Word for Windows
A word processing application.
Nesting
To incorporate one or more IF THEN ELSE/ELSEIF ENDIF statements
inside a structure of the same kind.
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Network
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1. Part of the PLC configuration, based on the device type. The number
of Networks available is dependant on the device type.
2. A number of computers linked together with a central processing point
known as a Server which is accessible to all computers. Networks
affect CX-Supervisor in that further Network associated options are
available if the computer is Network connected.
Non-Volatile
A point that is designated as ‘non-volatile’ is a point whose value is saved
on disk and automatically reloaded when CX-Supervisor resumes
execution.
NOT
A logic operator used to interrogate Boolean type points which produces
the Boolean inverse of the supplied argument. An example of NOT is that
if a is a statement and is ‘FALSE’, then NOT returns ‘TRUE’. If a is a
statement and is ‘TRUE’, then NOT returns ‘FALSE’.
Object
In CX-Supervisor, an object can be text, graphics, a control, a bitmap, or
ActiveX object as created in the development environment. A complex
object can exist as a combination of two or more objects of any of the
above types. Specifically, graphical objects can be categorised as a line, an
arc, a polygon (including a square and rectangle), a round rectangle, an
ellipse (including a circle), or a polyline. A control is essentially a
complex graphic object and is specifically either a pushbutton, a toggle
button, a slider, a trend graph, a rotational gauge or a linear gauge.
OLE-DB
OLE-DB is the underlying database technology, on which ADO relies.
OLE-BD is designed to be the successor to ODBC.
Operand
The term used for constants or point variables.
Operator
A symbol used as a function, with infix syntax if it has two arguments (e.g.
“+”) or prefix syntax if it has only one argument (e.g. NOT). The CXSupervisor script language uses operators for built-in functions such as
arithmetic and logic.
OR
A logic operator used to interrogate Boolean type points. OR returns
‘TRUE’ if any of the supplied arguments are ‘TRUE’. An example of OR
is that if a is a statement and b is a statement, OR will return ‘TRUE’ if
either a and b are ‘TRUE’. If both statements return ‘FALSE’ then OR
will return ‘FALSE’.
Pages
The combination and manipulation of pages containing objects within
projects forms the basis of CX-Supervisor. More than one page can exist
for each project. The pages in a project provide the visual aspect of CXSupervisor corresponding to a display with the objects contained in each
page providing a graphical representation of the system being monitored.
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Parameter Association
A Parameter Association enables values, either constant or stored in a
point, to be passed to a Server Query.
Pixel
A single displayable point on the screen from which a displayed image is
constructed. The screen resolution of the computer’s Visual Display Unit
(VDU) is defined by the number of pixels across and the number of pixels
down (e.g. 1024 x 768).
See also SVGA mode and VGA mode.
PLC
Programmable Logic Controller.
Point variable
A point within the CX-Supervisor script language that stores a value or
string assigned to that point.
Point
A point is used to hold a value of a predefined type - Boolean, Integer,
Text, etc. The contents of a point may be controlled by a graphical object
or I/O mechanism such as PLC communication. The contents of a point
may control the action or appearance of an object, or be used for output via
an I/O mechanism.
Program Manager
An integral part of Microsoft Windows 3.x which allows Microsoft
Windows based applications to be started from icons and for all
applications to be organised. CX-Supervisor can be run from Program
Manager.
Project
A CX-Supervisor application will consist of one or a number of pages
linked together. The pages may contain passive or active graphics, text or
animations, and may be grouped together logically to form a project. A
project may consist of many pages, or simply a single page. Projects may
be built and tested within the CX-Supervisor development environment,
and run stand-alone under the CX-Supervisor run-time environment.
Only one project at a time may be open for editing within the CXSupervisor development environment.
Real type
A type of point where the value of the point can be any number, including
those containing a decimal point.
Recipe
A recipe is a set of pre-defined steps used to perform a particular task. A
CX-Supervisor project may contain zero or more number of recipes.
Recipes are defined in the development environment and executed, or
downloaded, in the run-time environment.
Run Time Environment
SCADA applications are run using the run-time environment of CXSupervisor, following creation of the application in the CX-Supervisor
development environment.
SCADA
Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition. (see CX-Supervisor)
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Server
A Server is the central processing point of a Network which is accessible
to all computers. Networks affect CX-Supervisor in that further associated
options are available if the computer Network is connected.
Server Application
An application that can be used to view or interact with, whilst currently
within CX-Supervisor.
Statement
Within the CX-Supervisor script language, a statement is a command
understood by the run-time environment. Statements are constructed of
commands and arguments, which when combined, help to formulate a
finished application to be used in the run-time environment.
String
The contents of a Text type point that can only contain literal alphanumeric
characters. A string starts following an opening quotation mark, and ends
before a closing question mark; in the example “name = "spot"”, the
point “name” holds the string spot.
SVGA mode
A mode of video display that provides 800 × 600 pixel resolution (or
higher) with 16 or more colours and is supported on Super Video Graphics
Adapter systems.
CX-Supervisor
A SCADA software application which creates and maintains graphical user
interfaces and communicates with PLCs and other I/O mechanisms.
Target Value
An ingredient must specify a target value for its related point. This is the
value to which the point will be set in runtime when the recipe is
downloaded.
Taskbar
An integral part of Microsoft Windows which allows Microsoft Windows
based applications to be started. CX-Supervisor is run from the Taskbar.
Text Object
In CX-Supervisor, a text object is a string on a page. Attributes such as
typeface, point size, embolden, italicise, underline, left justify, flush right,
and centre can be applied to enhance its presentation.
Text type
A type of point that holds a string.
Unicode
A Multi-Byte Character Set, which not only includes European Characters
like DBCS, but can also include global support including for Japanese,
Chinese and Cyrillic fonts. However, Unicode is not supported on all
Windows platforms.
Validation Code
Recipe validation code is CX-Supervisor script language which is used to
check point values before downloading a recipe.
VGA mode
A mode of video display that provides 640 × 480 pixel resolution with 16
colours and is supported on Video Graphics Adapter systems.
VBScript
A Visual Basic style scripting language supported by Microsoft’s
Windows Scripting Host.
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VGA mode
A mode of video display that provides 640 × 480 pixel resolution with 16
colours and is supported on Video Graphics Adapter systems.
Windows Desktop
An integral part of Microsoft Windows which allows Microsoft Windows
based applications to be started from icons and for all applications to be
organised. CX-Supervisor can be run from Windows Desktop.
Windows Scripting Host
A scripting engine supplied by Microsoft to run VBScript or JScript. See
http://msdn.microsoft.com/scripting
Wizard
Wizards are dialogs used by the CX-Supervisor development environment
to take the user through complex operations in a simplified step-by-step
process.
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INDEX
A
AcknowledgeAlarms - Alarm Commands: · 76
AcknowledgeAllAlarms - Alarm Commands: · 76
AcknowledgeLatestAlarm - Alarm Commands: · 77
Alarm Commands · 76
AcknowledgeAlarms · 76
AcknowledgeAllAlarms · 76
AcknowledgeLatestAlarm · 77
ClearAlarmHistory · 77
CloseAlarmHistory · 77
CloseAlarmStatus · 78
DisplayAlarmHistory · 78
DisplayAlarmStatus · 79
EnableAlarms · 79
Is AlarmAcknowledged · 80
IsAlarmActive · 80
Alarms
Script Editor · 76–81
Alias Examples · 29
Animation Editor
Expressions · 3, 170
Animations
Expressions within · 3
Appendix A
OPC Communications Control · 139
Appendix B
Lite Communications Control · 141
Appendix C
JScript Features · 154
Appendix D
Obsolete Features · 156
Application · 168
Arguments · 168
Arithmetic Operators - Logic and Arithmetic: · 12
B
Balloon Script - Script Examples: · 133
Basic Point Assignment – Points: · 10
BCD - Text Commands: · 91
Page 176
Bin - Text Commands: · 92
Bitmap · 168
Pixel · 173
Bitwise Operators - Logic and Arithmetic: · 12
Blink - Object Commands: · 40
C
Call - Subroutines: · 22
CancelForce - Point Commands: · 57
Case Selected - Control Statements: · 19
Chr - Text Commands: · 92
ClearAlarmHistory - Alarm Commands: · 77
ClearErrorLog - Event/Error Commands: · 98
ClearLogFile - Data Logging Commands: · 104
ClearSpoolQueue - Printer Commands: · 100
Close Page - Page Commands: · 48
CloseAlarmHistory - Alarm Commands: · 77
CloseAlarmStatus - Alarm Commands: · 78
CloseComponent - Communications Commands: · 55
CloseErrorLog - Event/Error Commands: · 98
CloseFile - File Commands: · 81
CloseLogFile - Data Logging Commands: · 105
CloseLogView - Data Logging Commands: · 105
Colour - Object Commands: · 41
Colour Palette · 137
COM · 168
Command String Delimiters - Punctuation: · 23
Communications Commands · 55
CloseComponent · 55
EnableOLE · 55
EnablePLC · 56
OpenComponent · 56
Communications Drive · 169
Constant · 169
Control Object · 169
Control Statements · 15
Case Selected · 19
Do While/Until Loop · 21
For...Next Loop · 21
Nested Conditional Statements · 17
Simple Conditional Statements · 15
Conventions in this manual · 1
CopyArray - Point Commands: · 58
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CopyFile - File Commands: · 81
Current Object - Object Commands: · 38
CX-Server · 169
CX-Supervisor · 174
D
Data Logging Commands · 104
ClearLogFile · 104
CloseLogFile · 105
CloseLogView · 105
ExportAndViewLog · 105
ExportLog · 107
OpenLogFile · 108
OpenLogView · 108
StartLogging · 109
StopLogging · 110
DBCS · 170
DCOM · 170
DDE · 170
DeleteFile - File Commands: · 82
Development environment · 170
Disable - Object Commands: · 42
DisableGroup - Point Commands: · 58
DisablePoint - Point Commands: · 59
Display Page - Page Commands: · 47
DisplayAlarmHistory - Alarm Commands: · 78
DisplayAlarmStatus - Alarm Commands: · 79
DisplayErrorLog - Event/Error Commands: · 98
DisplayPicture - General Commands: · 50
DisplayRecipes - Recipe Commands: · 88
DLL · 170
Do While/Until Loop - Control Statements: · 21
Double Byte Character Set · See DBCS
Download · 170
DownloadPLCProgram - PLC Commands: · 66
DownloadRecipe - Recipe Commands: · 89
Dynamic Data Exchange · See DDE
Dynamic Link Library · See DLL
E
INDEX – Script Language
EnableErrorLogging - Event/Error Commands: · 99
EnableGroup - Point Commands: · 60
EnableOLE - Communications Commands: · 55
EnablePLC - Communications Commands: · 56
EnablePoint - Point Commands: · 61
EnablePrinting - Printer Commands: · 100
Event/Error Commands · 98
ClearErrorLog · 98
CloseErrorLog · 98
DisplayErrorLog · 98
EnableErrorLogging · 99
LogError · 99
LogEvent · 99
Exponential - General Commands: · 49, 53
ExportAndViewLog - Data Logging Commands: · 105
ExportLog - Data Logging Commands: · 107
Expressions · 3
F
File Commands · 81
CloseFile · 81
CopyFile · 81
DeleteFile · 82
EditFile · 82
FileExists · 83
MoveFile · 83
OpenFile · 84
PrintFile · 84
Read · 85
ReadMessage · 85
SelectFile · 86
Write · 87
WriteMessage · 88
FileExists - File Commands: · 83
For...Next Loop - Control Statements: · 21
Force - Point Commands: · 61
ForceReset - Point Commands: · 61
ForceSet - Point Commands: · 62
FormatText - Text Commands: · 92
Functions and Methods · 9, 34
Further Point Assignment – Points: · 11
EditFile - File Commands: · 82
EnableAlarms - Alarm Commands: · 79
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G
J
General Commands · 49
DisplayPicture · 50
Exponential · 49, 53
GetPerformanceInfo · 54
PlayOLE · 49
PlaySound · 51
Rand · 51
RunApplication · 52
RunHelp · 52
ShutDown · 54
GenerateReport - Report Commands: · 90
GetBit - Point Commands: · 62
GetPerformanceInfo - General Commands: · 54
GetPLCMode - PLC Commands: · 67
GetTextLength - Text Commands: · 94
Glossary of Terms · 168
Graphic Object · 171
Graphical User Interface · See GUI
GUI · 171
Java Script · See JScript
Java Script Features · 154
JScript · 171
JScript Features · 154
H
Height - Object Commands: · 43
Hex - Text Commands: · 94
Horizontal Fill - Object Commands: · 43
I
Icons · 171
Indentation - Punctuation: · 24
Indirection within Script Commands and Expressions ·
26
Ingredient · 171
InitiateArray - Point Commands: · 63
Input Point - Point Commands: · 63
Input/Output type · 171
Is AlarmAcknowledged - Alarm Commands: · 80
IsAlarmActive - Alarm Commands: · 80
Item · 171
Page 178
L
Left - Text Commands: · 94
Lite Communications Control · 141
LogError - Event/Error Commands: · 99
LogEvent - Event/Error Commands: · 99
Logic and Arithmetic · 12
Arithmetic Operators · 12
Bitwise Operators · 12
Relational Operators · 14
Logical Operators - Logic and Arithmetic: · 13
Login - Security Commands: · 103
Logout - Security Commands: · 103
M
Message - Text Commands: · 95
Microsoft
Excel · 171
Windows · 171
Word for Windows · 171
Mid - Text Commands: · 95
Miscellaneous Commands
Remarks · 25
Move - Object Commands: · 44
MoveFile - File Commands: · 83
Multiple Commands - Punctuation: · 24
N
Nested Conditional Statements - Control Statements: ·
17
Nesting · 171
Non-volatile · 172
Revision 2.0
OMRON
O
Object · 172
Object Commands · 38
Blink · 40
Colour · 41
Current Object · 38
Disable · 42
Height · 43
Horizontal Fill · 43
Move · 44
Other Objects · 39
Rotate · 45
Vertical Fill · 46
Visible · 46
Width · 47
Objects – Scripts: · 7
Obsolete Features · 156
OPC Communications Control · 139
OpenComponent - Communications Commands: · 56
OpenFile - File Commands: · 84
OpenLogFile - Data Logging Commands: · 108
OpenLogView - Data Logging Commands: · 108
Other Objects - Object Commands: · 39
OutputPoint - Point Commands: · 64
P
Page – Scripts: · 7
Page Commands · 47
Close Page · 48
Display Page · 47
Pages · 172
Parenthesis - Punctuation: · 25
Pixel · 173
PlayOLE - General Commands: · 49
PlaySound - General Commands: · 51
PLC · 173
Network · 172
PLC Commands · 65
DownloadPLCProgram · 66
GetPLCMode · 67
PLCCommsFailed · 68
PLCMonitor · 68
SetPLCMode · 69
Revision 2.0
INDEX – Script Language
SetPLCPhoneNumber · 69
UploadPLCProgram · 70
PLC Memory Functions · 146
PLCCommsFailed - PLC Commands: · 68
PLCMonitor - PLC Commands: · 68
Point · 173
Point Arrays within Script Commands and Expressions ·
27
Point Commands · 57
CancelForce · 57
CopyArray · 58
DisableGroup · 58
DisablePoint · 59
EnableGroup · 60
EnablePoint · 61
Force · 61
ForceReset · 61
ForceSet · 62
GetBit · 62
InitiateArray · 63
Input Point · 63
OutputPoint · 64
PointExists · 64
SetBit · 65
Point Variable · 173
PointExists - Point Commands: · 64
Points · 10
Basic Point Assignment · 10
Boolean · 168
Further Point Assignment · 11
Integer · 171
Real · 173
Script Editor · 10–11
Text · 174
PrintActivePage - Printer Commands: · 101
Printer Commands · 100
ClearSpoolQueue · 100
EnablePrinting · 100
PrintActivePage · 101
PrintPage · 101
PrintScreen · 102
PrintSpoolQueue · 102
PrintFile - File Commands: · 84
PrintMessage - Text Commands: · 96
PrintPage - Printer Commands: · 101
PrintReport - Report Commands: · 90
PrintScreen - Printer Commands: · 102
PrintSpoolQueue - Printer Commands: · 102
Program Manager · 173
Page 179
INDEX – Script Language
Programmable Logic Controller · See PLC
Project · 173
Project – Scripts: · 7
Punctuation
Command String Delimiters · 23
Indentation · 24
Multiple Commands · 24
Parenthesis · 25
Quotation Marks · 25
Q
Quotation Marks - Punctuation: · 25
R
Rand - General Commands: · 51
Read - File Commands: · 85
ReadMessage - File Commands: · 85
Recipe · 173
Recipe Commands · 88
DisplayRecipes · 88
DownloadRecipe · 89
Relational Operators - Logic and Arithmetic: · 14
Remarks - Miscellaneous Commands: · 25
Report Commands · 90
GenerateReport · 90
PrintReport · 90
ViewReport · 91
Return - Subroutines: · 23
Right - Text Commands: · 96
Rotate - Object Commands: · 45
RunApplication - General Commands: · 52
RunHelp - General Commands: · 52
Runtime Environment · 173
S
SCADA · 173
Script Editor
AND statement · 168
Applications, use of external · 1
Page 180
OMRON
Arithmetic functions · 12–15
Conditional statements, nesting · 17–19
Control Statements · 15–22, See also Control
Statements
Current object statement · 38
Examples · 133
Executable files, use of · 1, 158, 170
FALSE Boolean state · 1, 4
Logical functions · 13–14
Mathematical precedence · 11, 12
Multiple statements on one line · 24
Nesting conditional statements · 17–19
NOT statement · 172
Object Commands · 38, See also Object Commands
Operator and operand · 1, 172
OR statement · 172
Parenthesis · 12, 25
Quotation marks · 24
Relational functions · 14–15
Script code examples · 133
Subroutines · 22–23, See also Subroutines
TRUE Boolean state · 1, 4
Script Examples · 133
Balloon Script · 133
Script Interface · 139
Functions · 139, 141
PLC Memory Functions · 146
Script Interface Functions
Active · 148
ClockRead · 147
ClockWrite · 148
ClosePLC · 143
DownloadProgram · 151
GetDeviceConfig · 150
IsBadQuality · 147
LastErrorString · 153
OpenPLC · 143
Protect · 152
RawFINS · 148
Read · 140
ReadArea · 144
RunMode · 145
SetDefaultPLC · 142
SetDeviceAddress · 149
SetDeviceConfig · 150
TCGetStatus · 148
TCRemoteLocal · 149
TypeName · 145, 146, 147
UploadProgram · 151
Revision 2.0
OMRON
INDEX – Script Language
Value · 139, 142
Values · 142
Write · 140
WriteArea · 145
Scripts · 7
Objects · 7
Page · 7
Project · 7
Security Commands · 103
Login · 103
Logout · 103
SetupUsers · 104
SelectFile - File Commands: · 86
Server · 174
Server Application · 174
SetBit - Point Commands: · 65
SetPLCMode - PLC Commands: · 69
SetPLCPhoneNumber - PLC Commands: · 69
SetupUsers - Security Commands: · 104
ShutDown - General Commands: · 54
Simple Conditional Statements - Control Statements: ·
15
StartLogging - Data Logging Commands: · 109
Statement · 174
StopLogging - Data Logging Commands: · 110
String · 174
Subroutines · 22
Call · 22
Return · 23
Super Video Graphics Adapter · See SVGA
Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition · See SCADA
SVGA · 174
TCRunStop - Temperature Controller Commands: · 74
TCSaveData - Temperature Controller Commands: · 74
TCSettingLevel1 - Temperature Controller Commands:
· 75
Temperature Controller Commands · 70
TCAutoTune · 70
TCBackupMode · 71
TCGetStatusParameter · 71
TCRemoteLocal · 72
TCRequestStatus · 73
TCReset · 75
TCRspLsp · 73
TCRunStop · 74
TCSaveData · 74
TCSettingLevel1 · 75
Text Commands · 91
BCD · 91
Bin · 92
Chr · 92
FormatText · 92
GetTextLength · 94
Hex · 94
Left · 94
Message · 95
Mid · 95
PrintMessage · 96
Right · 96
TextToValue · 97
ValueToText · 97
Text Object · 174
TextToValue - Text Commands: · 97
Typographical conventions · 1
T
U
Target Value · 174
TCAutoTune - Temperature Controller Commands: · 70
TCBackupMode - Temperature Controller Commands: ·
71
TCGetStatusParameter - Temperature Controller
Commands: · 71
TCRemoteLocal - Temperature Controller Commands: ·
72
TCRequestStatus - Temperature Controller Commands:
· 73
TCReset - Temperature Controller Commands: · 75
TCRspLsp - Temperature Controller Commands: · 73
Unicode · 174
UploadPLCProgram - PLC Commands: · 70
Using Aliases · 28
Revision 2.0
V
Validation Code · 174
ValueToText - Text Commands: · 97
VBScript · 31, 174
Page 181
INDEX – Script Language
Vertical Fill - Object Commands: · 46
VGA · 174, 175
Video Graphics Adapter · 174, See VGA
ViewReport - Report Commands: · 91
Visible - Object Commands: · 46
Visual Basic · See VBScript
VJM · 171
W
OMRON
Windows Desktop · 175
Windows Scripting Host · 175
JScript · 154
VBScript · 31
Windows Taskbar · 174
Wizard · 175
Write - File Commands: · 87
WriteMessage - File Commands: · 88
WSH · See Windows Scripting Host
Width - Object Commands: · 47
Page 182
Revision 2.0
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