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US008140975B2
(12)
United States Patent
Lemay et a].
(54)
5,388,201
5,481,665
5,490,246
5,522,022
5,537,630
5,588,098
5,602,997
5,638,501
5,651,107
5,657,049
5,731,819
5,742,285
5,764,229
5,764,238
SLIDE SHOW NAVIGATION
(75) Inventors: Stephen Lemay, San Francisco, CA
(US); Gregory N. Christie, San Jose,
CA (US); Marcel van Os, San
Francisco, CA (US); Hans-Werner
Neubrand, Cupertino, CA (US)
(73) Assignee: Apple Inc., Cupertino, CA (US)
(*)
Notice:
Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this
patent is extended or adjusted under 35
USC 154(b) by 572 days.
>
Brotsky et al.
Rao et al.
Berry et al.
Chen et al.
Carpenter et al.
Gough et al.
Frank et al.
Ludolph et al.
Gagne et al.
Ueda
Bennett
Lum et al.
(Continued)
Dec. 27, 2005
(65)
HourvitZ et al.
Okada et al.
548586 A2
EP
Filed:
2/1995
1/1996
2/1996
5/1996
7/1996
12/1996
2/1997
6/1997
7/1997
8/1997
3/1998
4/1998
6/ 1998
6/1998
Mar. 20, 2012
FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
(21) App1.No.: 11/319,906
(22)
US 8,140,975 B2
(10) Patent N0.:
(45) Date of Patent:
(Continued)
Prior Publication Data
US 2006/0156240 A1
6/1993
OTHER PUBLICATIONS
Jul. 13, 2006
Microsoft Corporation, User’s Guide Microsoft® WindowsTM and
MS-DOS® 6, 1993, pp. Cover-xvi, 112-121.
Related US. Application Data
(60)
(Continued)
Provisional application No. 60/642,153, ?led on Jan.
7, 2005.
Primary Examiner * William Bashore
Assistant Examiner * Meseker Takele
(51)
Int. Cl.
G06F 17/00
(52)
(58)
(74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm * FenWick & West LLP
(2006.01)
(57)
ABSTRACT
A slide shoW, integrated into an email application, displays
US. Cl. ...................................... .. 715/730; 715/838
Field of Classi?cation Search ................ .. 715/730,
715/732, 210, 211, 251, 851; 709/206
See application ?le for complete search history.
(56)
images such as those included as an attachment to an email
message. The user can vieW the slide shoW Without exiting the
email application. Slide shoW navigation controls are pro
References Cited
vided. An index sheet mode can be activated Wherein a num
ber of thumbnails are displayed, alloWing easy navigation to
any image Within the slide shoW. Transition animations can be
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
4,752,893 A
6/1988 Guttag et a1.
5,168,441 A
5,289,574 A
5,297,250 A
5,357,603 A
provided for clarifying operations such as activating and dis
missing the index sheet.
12/1992 Onarheim et al.
2/1994 Sawyer
3/1994 Leroy et al.
46 Claims, 6 Drawing Sheets
10/1994 Parker
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Stephen Lemay <[email protected]>
Greg Christie <[email protected]>, Patrick Coffman, Pavel Cister 103
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Kevin Tiene <tiene
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* cited by examiner
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Mar. 20, 2012
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Size:
Calculating Size
Where:
Nolumes/JunkYard
Created:
Thursday, December 9, 2004
6:41 PM
Modified:
Friday, December 10, 2004
1.55 PM
Color LabekE] 1:1 1:1 1:1 1:1 I: III El
[I] Locked
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Last openedi Thursday, December 9, 2004
6:41 PM
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1 Modified Dec 10,
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FIG. 4
US. Patent
Mar. 20, 2012
Sheet 5 of6
US 8,140,975 B2
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Mar. 20, 2012
Sheet 6 of6
US 8,140,975 B2
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US 8,140,975 B2
1
2
SLIDE SHOW NAVIGATION
between full-sized and thumbnail view, and that preserves a
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED
APPLICATIONS
sense of context so that the user knows where the image ?ts
within the overall slide show. The user can easily switch
between modes, and can easily move to any image within the
slide show or image series.
The present invention claims priority from the following
provisional patent application, the disclosure of which is
According to one aspect of the present invention, the inven
tion provides a full-screen slide show environment, with easy
access to instantaneous navigation controls and thumbnails,
all accessible directly within an email application.
incorporated herein by reference:
US. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 60/642,153 for
“Slide Show Navigation,” ?led Jan. 7, 2005.
The present invention is related to the following pending
utility patent applications, the disclosures of which are incor
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
porated herein by reference:
The accompanying drawings illustrate several embodi
ments of the invention and, together with the description,
US. patent application Ser. No. 10/877,968 for “Uni?ed
Interest Layer for User Interface,” ?led Jun. 24, 2004;
US. patent application Ser. No. 10/465,855 for “Computer
Interface Having a Virtual Single-Layer Mode forV1ewing
Overlapping Objects,” ?led Jun. 20, 2003;
US. patent application Ser. No. 10/689,687 for “Computer
Interface Having a Virtual Single-Layer Mode forV1ewing
Overlapping Objects,” ?led Oct. 22, 2003.
serve to explain the principles of the invention.
FIG. 1 is a screen shot depicting an example of an email
20
client application with a slide show button, according to one
embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a screen shot depicting an example of an image
being displayed in a slide show, according to one embodiment
of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a screen shot depicting an example of an index
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
sheet, according to one embodiment of the present invention.
The present invention relates generally to displaying
images within the context of an application such as an email
25
FIG. 4 is a screen shot depicting an example of a transition
that takes place after the user has selected a thumbnail from
the index sheet, according to one embodiment of the present
invention.
application, and more particularly to improved techniques for
navigating within a series of images such as a slide show.
FIG. 5 is a screen shot depicting a continuation of the
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
30
Conventionally, there is no convenient way to browse and
view a series of image attachments received via email without
leaving that email application. Images can appear inline in the
body of the email, but browsing through a series of image
attachments is restricted to vertically scrolling the body of the
email. The presentation siZe of these image attachments is
according to one embodiment.
One skilled in the art will recogniZe that these Figures are
35
ments and modes of operation can be used without departing
from the essential characteristics of the invention.
that allow a user to browse and view images, are not generally
40
often not desired when the user just wants to quickly see the
images in a received email message.
In addition, it is often dif?cult to navigate within a series of
images such as within a slide show. An image may be shown,
The present invention is now described more fully with
45
image to a second image that is not adjacent to the ?rst. Such
embodiments of the invention are shown. The present inven
tion may be embodied in many different forms and should not
be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein.
Rather these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure
will be complete and will fully convey the invention to those
50
Image navigation systems and software often provide a
series of thumbnails, allowing the user to click on a thumbnail
to see a full-sized version of the corresponding image. How
ever, these schemes still provide no easy way to easily switch
between a full-siZed view and a view that provides context
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE
EMBODIMENT
reference to the accompanying Figures, in which several
with arrows for moving forwards and backwards. Such a
display does not facilitate instantaneous movement from one
a display also fails to provide the user with a sense of the
context of the current image within the overall slide show or
set of images. There is no easy and convenient way to switch
between the full-siZed view and a view that reveals context.
merely examples of the operation of the invention according
to one embodiment, and that other user interface arrange
also restricted to the siZe of the email application view win
dow, which is typically small. Existing software applications
integrated into email applications. Additionally, a user may
have to download and import the images into such software
applications in order to view them, but this takes time and is
example transition of FIG. 4, according to one embodiment of
the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a block diagram depicting an example of a soft
ware architecture for implementing the present invention
55
skilled in the art.
For illustrative purposes, the invention is described in con
nection with presenting images in an email application for an
operating system such as MacOS X from Apple Computer,
Inc. Various speci?c details are set forth herein and in the
Figures, to aid in understanding the present invention. How
ever, such speci?c details are intended to be illustrative, and
are not intended to restrict in any way the scope of the present
showing where the image ?ts within the overall slide show.
for navigating within a series of images such as a slide show.
invention. In particular, one skilled in the art will recogniZe
that the invention can be used for navigating among images
and/or other non-image elements within any type of software
application. In addition, one skilled in the art will recogniZe
that the invention can be used in connection with any input
According to one aspect of the present invention, image
mechanism for selecting, manipulating, and moving
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
60
The present invention provides an improved mechanism
on-screen images, including manipulation of an on-screen
attachments can be easily viewed without leaving an email
application.
65
cursor using a pointing device, keyboard control, voice con
According to one aspect of the present invention, images
trol, mouse wheel, touch screen control, or the like, or any
are presented in a manner that provides for easy switching
combination of the above. In addition, the particular screen
US 8,140,975 B2
4
3
Full Screen/Actual SiZe: Toggle betWeen shoWing the
layouts, appearance, and terminology as depicted and
described herein, are intended to be illustrative and exem
image at its actual siZe and shoWing it scaled up to ?t the
plary, and in no Way limit the scope of the invention.
In one embodiment, the present invention is implemented
in a conventional personal computer system, such as a Macin
computer screen
Add to iPhoto: Automatically add the current image to
iPhoto
Exit SlideshoW: Exit the full screen slideshoW presentation
and return to the application vieW.
Index Sheet
tosh, (available from Apple Computer, Inc. of Cupertino,
Calif.), running an operating system such as MacOS X (also
available from Apple Computer, Inc.). The invention may be
The Index Sheet button provides quick access to a screen
embodied in software that runs on the personal computer. The
invention may be included as add-on softWare, or it may form
part of the operating system itself, or it may be a feature of an
depicting thumbnails. This may be overlaid on the existing
desktop, as an opaque screen or a semi-transparent one. In one
embodiment, the index sheet can be activated by moving the
application that is bundled With the computer system or sold
separately. The various features of the invention as described
cursor to a prede?ned corner of the screen. The index sheet
alloWs a user to easily see the context of the current image
herein include output presented on a display screen that is
Within the slide shoW, and also alloWs the user to quickly jump
to any other image in the slide shoW.
connected to the personal computer. In addition, the invention
makes use of input provided to the computer system via input
Referring noW to FIG. 3, there is shoWn a screen shot
devices such as a keyboard, mouse, touchpad, or the like.
Such hardWare components, including their operation and
interactions With one another and With a central processing
unit of the personal computer, are Well knoWn in the art of
20
(or otherWise activates the index sheet), the current image 201
computer systems and therefore are not depicted here. Sev
eral Figures are presented as screen shots depicting examples
animates and scales smaller. At the same time all the other
images in the slideshoW also animate and scale smaller
of the user interface as it might appear on a display screen or
other output device. In addition, the techniques described
herein can be implemented in other types of devices, includ
25
slideshoW presentation, as shoWn in FIG. 3. The ?rst image
plays, kiosks, or the like.
User Experience
30
35
button 101 appears in header region 103 of message 100. In
one embodiment, button 101 is only presented if message 100
40
The user can click on button 101 to initiate a slide shoW.
embodiment, the presentation is according to ?lename (al
45
one embodiment of the present invention.
fades into the next image attachment in the sequence, and so
on until all the images have been vieWed. Then, in one
cause the on-screen cursor to hover over the image) to reveal
50
In an alternative embodiment, the slide shoW is presented
Within a WindoW rather than occupying the entire screen. In
another alternative embodiment, the slide shoW is presented
in semi-transparent form overlaying the normal desktop dis
play. In one embodiment, any or all of the characteristics of
55
the slide shoW are con?gurable by the user (for example,
Whether it repeats, the siZe of the presentation, delay betWeen
one slide and the next, and the like).
Semi-transparent toolbar cluster 202 (or dock) appears at
the bottom of the screen. It contains a series of buttons that
alloW the user to interact With the slide shoW. From left to right
they are:
phabetically), or chronological order by date modi?ed or date
created, or siZe, or some other ordering mechanism. In one
embodiment, the user can dynamically select the order.
The user can roll over any thumbnail 302 (in other Words,
After a period (for example 3 seconds), the ?rst image 201
embodiment, the slide shoW repeats.
arrangement for vieWing subsets of the thumbnails 302 is
used. In one embodiment, the siZe is speci?ed by a user.
In one embodiment, thumbnails 302 are arranged accord
ing to the image sequence Within the slide shoW. In one
The computer screen fades to black and then fades into a full
screen vieW of the ?rst image attachment. Referring noW to
FIG. 2, there is shoWn a screen shot depicting an example of
an image 201 being displayed in a slide shoW, according to
mately the same siZe except for deviations resulting from
different aspect ratios. In one embodiment, the siZe of the
thumbnails 302 is selected according to the number of images
and the siZe of the available vieWable area. In one embodi
ment, if there are too many images to shoW all thumbnails 302
Within the vieWable area, a scrolling arrangement or other
contains images. In other embodiments, other mechanisms
for activating a slide shoW may be provided, including key
board commands, menu items, or the like.
through 302] forms index sheet 301; it is organiZed in a
rectangular grid akin to a photographic contact sheet that
shoWs a number of images on a single page. In one embodi
ment, all images are scaled to the same siZe, or to approxi
depicting an example of an email client application display
ing a message 100. The user receives email message 100 that
includes one or more image attachments 102. Slide shoW
behind the current image. As the images scale smaller, they
align along a position in a grid that re?ects the order of the
appears as a thumbnail 302A in the upper left, the next image
appears as a thumbnail 302B to the right of the ?rst image, and
so on. The spread-out vieW of all the image thumbnails 302A
ing cell phones, personal digital assistants, television dis
In one embodiment, the invention operates as folloWs:
Referring noW to FIG. 1, there is shoWn a screen shot
depicting an example of an index sheet 301, according to one
embodiment of the present invention.
When the user presses the Index Sheet button in cluster 202
its title 303 and/or to see other information about the image.
In one embodiment, such information is shoWn in a semi
transparent manner superimposed on thumbnail 302 itself, as
shoWn in the example of FIG. 3. In other embodiments, any
other technique for displaying such information can be used.
Any type of information can be displayed, including for
example title, siZe, date created, date modi?ed, or the like.
Clicking on a thumbnail 302 advances the slide shoW to
that image and exits Index Sheet mode; the selected image
60
animates and scales to full screen siZe While all the other
images appear to scale to full screen siZe behind the selected
image. Alternatively, the non-selected images may shrink
until they are invisible, or they may fade to invisibility, or
Back: Go to the previous image.
simply disappear as the selected image expands to ?ll the
Play/Pause: Animate the slideshoW from one image to the
screen. Alternatively, they may simply appear to move behind
next, or pause on the current frame
Next: Go to the next image
Index Sheet: ShoW all the images in this slideshoW.
65
the selected image.
FIGS. 4 and 5 depict an example of the transition betWeen
index sheet 301 and a full-screen display of image 201A. In
US 8,140,975 B2
5
6
FIG. 4, thumbnails 302A through 302] have begun to shift
example, When the slide shoW of the present invention is
position behind selected image 201A, Which has enlarged to
being used in connection With an image vieWer or search
function, an Add to Mail button can be provided Within the
button cluster; When activated, this button Would launch an
full siZe. In FIG. 5, thumbnails 302A through 302] have
moved so that they are almost completely hidden by selected
image 201A; they are also stacked on top of one another.
One skilled in the art Will recogniZe that any other transi
tion effect (or no transition effect) can be implemented With
out deviating from the essential characteristics of the present
invention.
Add to iPhoto
At any point in the slide shoW presentation, the user can
email application and create a neW email message With the
selected image(s) attached. One skilled in the art Will recog
niZe that in other contexts, other buttons and operations Would
be applicable.
10
press the Add to iPhoto button to automatically add the cur-
In one embodiment, the present invention displays various
types of transitions. For example, When sWitching from one
image to the next (in play mode, or in response to a user
command), a distinctive transition may be shoWn; similarly,
rently vieWed image to a photo management application
When sWitching from full-siZed image mode to thumbnail
(such as iPhoto, available from Apple Computer of Cupermode, another transition may be shoWn. In one embodiment,
tino, Calif.) Without exiting the slide shoW presentation. In 15 these transitions are user-con?gurable. In one embodiment,
one embodiment, the softWare displays an animation shoWing
they are implemented using a knoWn video animation tech
the currently vieWed image being sucked into the Add to
nology, assuming that the hardWare video card supports such
iPhoto button. This feature alloWs a user to broWse a large
technology. In one embodiment, multiple transitions are
series of images, and to easily choose Which images he or she
available and can be applied in any combination.
Would like to import and keep for future use.
In one embodiment, a particular type of transition and
The present invention provides a slide shoW that is acces- 20 visual effect is used When sWitching from full-siZed image
sible from and Works Within an email application. As such, it
mode to thumbnail mode and vice versa. An af?ne transform
does not require the user to leave the email environment in
(translate/ scale) is applied to position each image during the
order to vieW their image attachments in an effective, versa-
index transform and in index sheet mode. In one embodiment,
tile, full-screen, and pleasant Way. In other embodiments, the
the thumbnail display is presented in a semi-transparent Win
features described above are provided Within other types of 25 doW so that underlying elements (such as the desktop or the
applications, such as a ?le management application, presenfull-siZed image that Was being displayed) are visible through
tation softWare, Word processing softWare, or the like.
Architecture
In one embodiment, the above-described functionality is
implemented as a standalone frameWork, so that any applica- 30
the thumbnail display. One skilled in the art Will recogniZe
that such visual enhancements are optional, and that the
present invention can be implemented using many different
types of visual techniques.
tion or client can generate a user experience such as that
In one embodiment, the Add to iPhoto function is per
described above. The present invention can be implemented
formed using AppleScript. The system of the invention keeps
in connection With images, PDF documents, text documents,
or any other items or elements that can be presented visually.
track of the images that a user Wants to add to iPhoto. Upon
quitting or closing the slide shoW, iPhoto is automatically
In one embodiment, the invention is implemented as an 35 launched, and the selected images are added to iPhoto under
application programming interface (API) in objC and/or C,
the direction of an AppleScript script.
using a knoWn technology such as ImageIO to load images of
Referring noW to FIG. 6, there is shoWn a block diagram
multiple formats. Image formats include, for example, TIFF,
J PEG, PNG, GIF, or the like. Image inputs can be provided in
depicting an example of a softWare architecture for imple
menting the present invention according to one embodiment.
any of a number of forms that either contain or point to
SlideshoW frameWork 600 is softWare code that implements
images. Examples include ?le paths, URLs, NSFileWrap- 40 the invention. Any client application can call upon and inter
pers, NSImages, CGImageRefs, or the like.
face With frameWork 600; examples of such applications
In one embodiment, the invention includes a dynamically
include an email application 601, search application (such as
created user interface that adapts to environmental conditions
Apple’s Spotlight) 602, vieWer application (such as Apple’s
and/ or client feature sets. For example, in one embodiment,
PrevieW) 603, or ?le management component of an operating
an Add to iPhoto button may be made available only if 1) the 45 system (such as Apple’s Finder) 604.
client application includes functionality for exporting images
to iPhoto (i.e., if such an operation makes sense given the
nature of the application), and 2) the iPhoto application is
installed; otherWise, the Add to iPhoto button is not shoWn. In
Also shoWn is an example of code 605 that can be used by
the calling application to invoke the slide shoW feature. Also
shoWn is an example of code 606 in frameWork 600 for
interfacing With the calling application.
other environments or clients, the user interface may include
other elements that are appropriate to those environments. For
Examples of header ?les for use in connection With an
implementation of the present invention is as folloWs:
Slideshowh
#import <AppKit/AppKit.h>
#import <ApplicationServices/ApplicationServices.h>
@class SlideshoWPrivateVars;
// SlideshoW data source
@interface NSObject(SlideshoWDataSource)
// required
— (int)numberOfObjectsInSlideshoW;
— (id)slideshoWObjectAtIndex: (int)index;
// optional
— (NS String*)slideshoWObjectNaIneAtIndex: (int)index;
— (BOOL)canExportObjectAtIndexToiPhoto: (int)index;
— (void)exportObjectsToiPhoto: (NSIndexSet*)indexSet;
@end
US 8,140,975 B2
7
-continued
// SlideshoW
@interface SlideshoW : NSResponder
@private
SlideshoWPrivateVars * mPrivateData;
+ (SlideshoW*)sharedSlideshoW;
+ (void)addImageToiPhoto: (id)image;
// To start the SlideshoW for images:
// — either use setDataSource/startSlideshoW
— (void)setDataSource: (id)dataSource;
— (void)startSlideshoW: (id)sender;
//
or use runSlideshoWWithDataSource (preferred Way)
— (void)runSlideshoWWithDataSource:
(id)sender
options: (N SDiction
ary*)slideshoWOptions;
// To start the SlideshoW for a PDF:
— (void)runSlideshoWWithPDF:
(NSURL*)pdlURL
options: (N SDiction
ary*)slideshoWOptions;
— (void)stopSlideshoW: (id)sender;
— (void)noteNumberO?temsChanged;
— (void)reloadData;
— (int)indeXOfCurrentObject;
— (void)setAutoPlayDelay: (?oat)seconds;
@end
// slideshoW option keys:
eXtern NSString *const SlideshoWDontAutoShoWMenuBar;
// boolean
eXtern NSString *const SlideshoWStartIndeX;
// number
eXtern NSString *const SlideshoWAutoPlayDelay;
// number (in seconds)
eXtern NSString *const SlideshoWPDFDisplayBoX;
// PDFDisplayBoX (see PDFKit)
eXtern NSString *const SlideshoWPDFDisplayMode;
// PDFDisplayMode (see PDFKit)
eXtern NSString *const SlideshoWPDFDisplaysAsBook;
// boolean
eXtern NSString *const SlideshoWDebugMode;
// boolean (ifYES — only capture main display)
// noti?cations a data source may register for:
//
eXtern NSString *const SlideshoWDidStopNoti?cation;
eXtern NSString *const SlideshoWDidChangeNoti?cation;
EXport2iPhoto.h
#import <Cocoa/Cocoa.h>
@class EXportZiPhotoPriVateVars;
@interface EXportZiPhoto : NSObject
@private
Exp ort2iPhotoPrivateVars * mPrivateData;
+ (BOOL)canEXportToiPhoto;
+ (BOOL)isPhotoFile: (id)?le
alloWConversion: (BOOL)alloWFormatConversion;
+ (BOOL)eXportFile: (id)?le;
//
?le can be: NSFileWrapper
//
NSURL
//
NSString
//
NSImage
//
NSArray ofany ofthe above...
@end
SlideshoWCarbon.h
#ifndefiSLIDESHOWCARBONi
#de?ne iSLIDESHOWCARBONi
#if PRAGMAiONCE
#pragma once
#endif
#include <ApplicationServices/ApplicationServices.h>
#ifdeficplusplus
US 8,140,975 B2
9
10
-continued
extern “C” {
#endif
// callbacks
typedef CALLBACKiAPIiC( UInt32 ,
SlideshoWNumberO
fURLsProc ) ( );
typedef CALLBACKiAPIiC( CFURLRef ,
SlideshoWCopyURLAt—
IndexProc ) (UInt32 index);
typedef CALLBACKiAPIiC( Boolean,
tURLAtIndexProc ) (UInt32 index);
typedef CALLBACKiAPIiC( void,
ToIndexNoti?cationProc ) (UInt32 index);
typedef CALLBACKiAPIiC( void,
ti?cationProc ) (UInt32 index);
SlideshoWCanExpor
SlideshoWDidSWitch
SlideshoWDidEndNo
typedef struct SlideshoWCallbacks
SlideshoWNumberOfURLsProc
sNumber
OfURLsProc;
SlideshoWCopyURLAtIndexProc
URLAtIndexProc;
sCopy
SlideshoWCanExportURLAtIndexProc
sCan
ExportURLAtIndexProc;
SlideshoWDidSWitchToIndexNoti?cationProc
sDidSWitchToIndexNoti?cationProc;
SlideshoWDidEndNoti?cationProc
sEnd
Noti?cationProc;
} SlideshoWCallbacks;
// SlideshoW C APIs
OSStatus SlideshoWRunWithOptions(CFDictionaryRef
options,
SlideshoWCallbacks
callbacks);
OSStatus SlideshoWStop( );
// slideshoW option keys:
extern const CFStringRefkSlideshoWDontAutoShoW
MenuBar;
// boolean
extern const CFStringRefkSlideshoWStartIndex;
// number
extern const CFStringRefkSlideshoWAutoPlayDelay;
// number (in seconds)
extern const CFStringRefkSlideshoWDebugMode;
// boolean (ifYES — only capture main display)
#ifdeficplusplus
#endif
#endif/* iSLIDESHOWCARBONi */
Application Programming Interface for objC Client
-continued
The following is a description of an application program
ming inter-face for accessing the functionality of the present 45
invention via an objC client:
SlideshoWDataSource Informal Protocol
— (id)slideshoWObj ectAtIndex:
Called by the SlideshoW
(int) index;
framework, this method is used to
get an image for a given index.
In one embodiment, the ‘image’
When a client Wants to use the slide shoW functionality, the
returned can be ofone ofthe
folloWing types:
NSString (path to image
client adopts the folloWing informal SlideshoWDataSource
protocol, using the folloWing tWo methods:
50
— (int)numberOfObjectsInSlideshoW;
?le on disk)
NSURL
NSFileWrapper
NSImage
CGImageRef
This method is called by the
SlideshoW frameWork to ?nd out
the total number of images the
client Wants to display.
55
In one embodiment, the folloWing additional methods are
available as Well:
— (NSString*)slideshoWObjectNameAtIndex: This method is called by the SlideshoW
(int)index;
frameWork if the image returned
by slideshoWObjectAtIndex is
oftype NSImage or CGImageRef
these tWo variants do not contain an
image name.
US 8,140,975 B2
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12
-continued
Ifthe client does return an NSImage
or a CGImageRef and does not implement
slideshoWObjectNameAtIndex,
SlideshoW displays a generic (Image
#) name in the index mode.
— (BOOL)canExportObjectAtIndexToiPhoto: If a client implements this method,
(int)index;
SlideshoW calls canExportObjectAtIndex
ToiPhoto to enable/disable the
‘Export to iPhoto’ button. If the client
does not implement this method
—or— iPhoto is not installed —or— an
old (incompatible version) of iPhoto
is installed, the ‘Export to iPhoto’
— (void)exportObjectsToiPhoto: (NSIndex-
button is not shoWn in the UI.
If the user has used the ‘Add to
Set*)indexSet;
iPhoto’ action, SlideshoW calls the
client With an NSIndexSet that contains
all indices ofthe images that
should be exported to iPhoto.
The following methods are also provided in the SlideshoW 20
API:
+ (SlideshoW*)sharedSlideshoW;
+ (void)addImageToiPhoto: (id)image;
This class method returns an instance
ofa SlideshoW that can be
used to display images or PDFs.
A handy Way to add images to
iPhoto.
It takes as parameter:
NSString (path to image
?le on disk)
NSURL
NSFileWrapper
NSImage
CGImageRef
NSArray (array of any of
the above)
— (void)setDataSource: (id)dataSource;
One oftWo Ways to start a SlideshoW:
— (void)startSlideshoW: (id)sender;
setDataSource folloWed by
startSlideshoW.
— (void)runSlideshoWWithDataSource:
A second Way to start the SlideshoW.
(id)sender options: (NSDictionary*)
Parameters:
slideshoWOptions;
dataSource
options:
SlideshoWDontAutoShoWMenuBar
SlideshoWStartIndex
SlideshoWAutoPlayDelay
— (void)runSlideshoWWithPDF:
Used to start a slideshoW With a
(NSURL*)pdfURL options: (NSDictionary*) PDF.
slideshoWOptions;
Parameters:
NSURL ofthe PDF
options
SlideshoWPDFDisplayBox
SlideshoWPDFDisplayMode
SlideshoWPDFDisplaysAsBook
— (void)stopSlideshoW: (id)sender;
— (int)indexOfCurrentObject;
Used to abort/stop a slideshoW.
AlloWs the client to ?nd out the index
— (void)setAutoPlayDelay: (?oat)seconds;
AlloWs the client to set the auto
of the currently displayed image.
play-delay.
SlideshoWDidStopNoti?cation
Noti?cation the client may register
for. Called When the SlideshoW stops
(the user did press the cancel button
or hit escape)
SlideshoWDidChangeNoti?cation
Noti?cation the client may register
for. Called When the SlideshoW
changes from one image to another
(either in auto-play or in manual previous/
next or via index sheet).
US 8,140,975 B2
13
14
In one embodiment, Export2iPhoto is provided as a helper
class used to export images to a photo management applica
present invention can be applied in any type of application,
tion such as iPhoto. It can also be used outside of a running
non-image ?les. The particular layouts and user interface
and for displaying any type of data, including image and
Slideshow. The following methods are provided in the
elements described herein and illustrated in the Figures are
Export2iPhoto API:
examples only.
Reference in the speci?cation to “one embodiment” or “an
embodiment” means that a particular feature, structure, or
+ (BOOL)canExportToiPhoto
+ (BOOL)isPhotoFile: (id)?le
allowConversion: (BOOL)
allowFormatConversion;
characteristic described in connection with the embodiment
is included in at least one embodiment of the invention. The
appearances of the phrase “in one embodiment” in various
Returns YES if iPhoto is installed.
It checks also for the correct version
of iPhoto.
Returns YES ifa given image can be
places in the speci?cation are not necessarily all referring to
exported to iPhoto. If the image is in
the same embodiment.
a format that iPhoto does not handle
do a format conversion ?rst.
Some portions of the detailed description are presented in
terms of algorithms and symbolic representations of opera
Exports the given ?le(s) to iPhoto
tions on data bits within a computer memory. These algorith
It takes as parameter:
mic descriptions and representations are the means used by
those skilled in the data processing arts to most effectively
directly, the caller has the option to
+ (BOOL)exportFile: (id)?le;
NSString (path to image
?le on disk)
NSURL
NSFileWrapper
NSImage
CGImageRef
convey the substance of their work to others skilled in the art.
20
An algorithm is here, and generally, conceived to be a self
consistent sequence of steps leading to a desired result. The
steps are those requiring physical manipulations of physical
NSArray (array of any of
the above)
quantities. Usually, though not necessarily, these quantities
take the form of electrical or magnetic signals capable of
being stored, transferred, combined, compared, and other
Application Programming Interface for Carbon Client
wise manipulated. It has proven convenient at times, princi
The following is a description of an application program
pally for reasons of common usage, to refer to these signals as
ming interface for accessing the functionality of the present
bits, values, elements, symbols, characters, terms, numbers,
invention via a Carbon client:
or the like.
30
OSStatus
cal quantities and are merely convenient labels applied to
these quantities. Unless speci?cally stated otherwise as
apparent from the discussion, it is appreciated that throughout
the description, discussions utiliZing terms such as “process
C API to start the Slideshow with the
SlideshowRunWithOptions speci?ed options:
(CFDictionaryRef options,
kSlideshowDontAutoShowMenuBar
SlideshowCallbacks
kSlideshowStartIndex
callbacks);
kSlideshowAutoPlayDelay.
callbacks is an array of function pointers
35
that specify the number of images,
image location,
sNumberOfURLsProc:
This callback is
called by the Slideshow framework to
?nd out the total number of images the
client wants to display.
sCopyURLAtIndexProc is called to get the
image (CFURLRef) at a given index
40
The present invention also relates to an apparatus for per
45
prise a general-purpose computer selectively activated or
recon?gured by a computer program stored in the computer.
that the user switched to a different image.
Such a computer program may be stored in a computer read
50
magnetic-optical disks, read-only memories (ROMs), ran
stop the Slideshow (in case the client
quits, the computer is shut down, or the
like.)
55
In one embodiment, the present invention employs tech
niques described in pending U.S. patent applications cross
referenced above.
dom access memories (RAMs), EPROMs, EEPROMs, mag
netic or optical cards, or any type of media suitable for storing
electronic instructions, and each coupled to a computer sys
tem bus.
In particular, in one embodiment the present invention uses
60
ency effects, similar to those described in the above-refer
The algorithms and modules presented herein are not
inherently related to any particular computer or other appa
ratus. Various general-purpose systems may be used with
programs in accordance with the teachings herein, or it may
prove convenient to construct more specialiZed apparatuses
to perform the method steps. The required structure for a
enced patent applications.
variety of these systems will appear from the description
In the above description, for purposes of explanation,
below. In addition, the present invention is not described with
numerous speci?c details are set forth in order to provide a
thorough understanding of the invention. It will be apparent,
able storage medium, such as, but is not limited to, any type of
disk including ?oppy disks, optical disks, CD-ROMs, and
OSStatus SlideshowStop( ); This callback is called by the client to
transition effects, user control techniques, and semi-transpar
forming the operations herein. This apparatus may be spe
cially constructed for the required purposes, or it may com
sDidSwitchToIndexNoti?cationProc
This callback is called to notify client
that the user has ended the Slideshow.
computer system, or similar electronic computing device,
that manipulates and transforms data represented as physical
(electronic) quantities within the computer system’ s registers
and memories into other data similarly represented as physi
cal quantities within the computer system memories or reg
play devices.
to iPhoto.
sEndNoti?cationProc
This callback is called to notify the client
ing” or “computing” or “calculating” or “determining” or
“displaying” or the like, refer to the action and processes of a
isters or other such information storage, transmission or dis
(required).
sCanExportURLAtIndexProc
This callback is called to ?nd out ifthe
image at a given index can be exported
It should be borne in mind, however, that all of these and
similar terms are to be associated with the appropriate physi
however, to one skilled in the art that the invention can be
reference to any particular programming language. It will be
appreciated that a variety of programming languages may be
practiced without these speci?c details. For example, the
used to implement the teachings of the invention as described
65
US 8,140,975 B2
15
16
herein. Furthermore, as Will be apparent to one of ordinary
4. The method of claim 2, Wherein using the slideshoW
frameWork to cause the display of the slide shoW comprises
using the slideshoW frameWork to cause the display of the
skill in the relevant art, the modules, features, attributes,
methodologies, and other aspects of the invention can be
implemented as softWare, hardWare, ?rmware or any combi
nation of the three. Of course, Wherever a component of the
present invention is implemented as software, the component
slide shoW responsive to user activation of the user interface
element.
5. The method of claim 2, Wherein causing the display of
can be implemented as a standalone program, as part of a
the user interface element for activating the slide shoW com
larger program, as a plurality of separate programs, as a
prises using the email application to cause the display of the
statically or dynamically linked library, as a kernel loadable
module, as a device driver, and/or in every and any other Way
user interface element Within the context of the email mes
sage.
knoWn noW or in the future to those of skill in the art of
6. The method of claim 2, Wherein using the email appli
computer programming. Additionally, the present invention
cation to cause the display of the user interface element for
is in no Way limited to implementation in any speci?c oper
ating system or environment.
It Will be understood by those skilled in the relevant art that
activating the slide shoW comprises using the email applica
the above-described implementations are merely exemplary,
tion to cause the display of the user interface element Within
a header of the email message.
and many changes can be made Without departing from the
true spirit and scope of the present invention. Therefore, it is
7. The method of claim 1, Wherein causing the display of
the slide shoW comprises using the slideshoW frameWork to
intended to cover all such changes and modi?cations that
come Within the true spirit and scope of this invention.
What is claimed is:
1. A computer-implemented method for displaying a set of
cause the display of the slide shoW Within a WindoW associ
20
documents Within an email application, the method compris
cause the display of the slide shoW in a full-screen mode.
ing:
executing a slideshoW frameWork comprising softWare
code for facilitating applications that are independent
25
tionality provided by the slideshoW frameWork;
10. The method of claim 9, Wherein using the slideshoW
frameWork to cause the display of the slide shoW as the
30
receiving an email message Within the email application,
the email message comprising a plurality of document
attachments;
causing the display of the received email message in the
email application;
35
causing the display of a representation of the document
attachments in the email application;
invoking by the email application the slideshoW frame
40
slideshoW frameWork to cause the display, Within a
?rst user interface that is separate from the email
using the slideshoW frameWork to cause the display of a
transition animation prior to resuming the display of the
50
13. The computer-implemented method of claim 1,
Wherein using the slideshoW frameWork to cause the display
of both the slide shoW comprising the document attachments
and the toolbar comprises:
slide shoW Within the ?rst user interface.
using the slideshoW frameWork to cause a sequential dis
play of the document attachments.
14. The computer-implemented method of claim 13,
Wherein the sequential display of the document attachments
application, of an index sheet comprising a plurality
of thumbnail images corresponding to the document
attachments; and
55
of thumbnail images during the display of the index
sheet in the second user interface, using the slideshoW
frameWork to automatically close the second user
interface that displays the index sheet and resume the
display of the slide shoW Within the ?rst user interface.
2. The method of claim 1, Wherein causing the display of
60
ther comprising:
causing the sequential display of a plurality of document
attachments from the document attachments Within the
activating a slide shoW.
prises causing the display of a slideshoW button.
ments Within the slide shoW.
15. The computer-implemented method of claim 14, fur
cation to cause the display of a user interface element for
the user interface element for activating a slide shoW com
comprises:
causing the display of a ?rst document attachment from the
document attachments Within the slideshoW; and
responsive to a trigger event, causing the display of a sec
ond document attachment from the document attach
the received email message comprises using the email appli
3. The method of claim 2, Wherein causing the display of
12. The computer-implemented method of claim 1,
Wherein using the slideshoW frameWork to automatically
45
email application and Without dismissing the email
responsive to receiving a selection of one of the plurality
responsive to receiving the selection of the index sheet
element, using the slideshoW frameWork to cause the
display of a transition animation prior to causing the
further comprises:
sheet element;
responsive to receiving a selection of the index sheet
element, using the slideshoW frameWork to cause the
display, in a second user interface separate from the
comprising:
close the second user interface that displays the index sheet
application and Without dismissing the email applica
tion, of both a slide shoW comprising the document
attachments and a toolbar for interacting With the
slide shoW, the toolbar comprising at least an index
overlay comprises using the slideshoW frameWork to cause
the display of the slide shoW as a semi-transparent overlay
superimposed on displayed user interface elements.
11. The computer-implemented method of claim 1, further
display of the index sheet in the second user interface.
Work, comprising:
responsive to receiving a slide shoW command, using the
9. The method of claim 1, Wherein causing the display of
the slide shoW comprises using the slideshoW frameWork to
cause the display of the slide shoW as an overlay superim
posed on displayed user interface elements.
from the slideshoW frameWork to obtain slideshoW func
executing the email application, Wherein the email appli
cation is independent of the slideshoW frameWork;
ated With the email application.
8. The method of claim 1, Wherein causing the display of
the slide shoW comprises using the slideshoW frameWork to
65
slideshoW; and
stopping the slide shoW responsive to receiving a command
to stop the slide shoW.
US 8,140,975 B2
17
18
16. The computer-implemented method of claim 13,
wherein the sequential display of the document attachments
executing a slideshow framework comprising software
code for facilitating applications that are independent
comprises:
from the slideshow framework to obtain slideshow
functionality provided by the slideshow framework;
using the slideshow framework to cause the display of a
?rst document attachment from the document attach
ments within the slideshow; and
using the slideshow framework to cause the display of a
second document attachment from the document attach
ments within the slide show after a prede?ned amount of
executing the email application, wherein the email
application is independent of the slideshow frame
work;
receiving an email message within the email application,
the email message comprising a plurality of document
time has elapsed from the display of the ?rst document
attachments;
causing the display of the received email message in the
attachment.
email application;
17. The computer-implemented method of claim 13,
wherein the sequential display of the document attachments
causing the display of a representation of the document
attachments in the email application; and
invoking by the email application the slideshow frame
comprises:
responsive to receiving user activation of a play command,
using the slideshow framework to cause the sequential
work, comprising:
display of the document attachments;
responsive to receiving user activation of a pause com
mand, using the slideshow framework to remain on a
responsive to receiving a slide show command, using
20
currently displayed document attachment until receiv
email application and without dismissing the email
application, of both a slide show comprising the
ing user activation of another command;
responsive to receiving user activation of a next command,
using the slideshow framework to cause the display of a
next document attachment from the document attach
document attachments and a toolbar for interacting
with the side show, the toolbar comprising at least
25
ments; and
responsive to receiving user activation of a previous com
mand, using the slideshow framework to cause the dis
30
comprising:
responsive to receiving a selection of one of the plu
responsive to receiving a command to save a document
image repository associated with a photo management
35
19. The computer-implemented method of claim 1, further
comprising:
40
attachment, causing the display of descriptive informa
tion associated with the document attachment.
using the email application to cause the display of a user
interface element for activating a slide show.
45
associated with the document attachment, a date associated
with the document attachment, a ?le siZe associated with the
document attachment, an author associated with the docu
ment attachment, a subject associated with the document
attachment, a text description associated with the document
attachment, or a compression setting associated with the
document attachment.
50
21. The computer-implemented method of claim 19,
wherein causing the display of descriptive information asso
55
the user interface element.
interface element for activating the slide show comprises
using the email application to cause the display of the user
interface element within a header of the email message.
60
28. The computer program product of claim 24, wherein
causing the display of the slide show comprises using the
wherein the overlay is semi-transparent.
slideshow framework to cause the display of the slide show
within a window associated with the email application.
23. A computer program product for displaying a set of
documents within an email application, comprising:
medium, for:
27. The computer program product of claim 24, wherein
using the email application to cause the display of the user
22. The computer-implemented method of claim 21,
executable computer program code, encoded on the
26. The computer program product of claim 24, wherein
causing the display of the user interface element for activating
the slide show comprises using the email application to cause
the display of the user interface element within the context of
the email message.
ciated with the document attachment:
causing the display of the descriptive information as an
overlay that is at least partially superimposed on the
a non-transitory computer-readable storage medium; and
25. The computer program product of claim 24, wherein
using the slideshow framework to cause the display of the
slide show comprises using the slideshow framework to cause
the display of the slide show responsive to user activation of
a ?le name associated with the document attachment, a title
thumbnail image.
the ?rst user interface.
24. The computer program product of claim 23, wherein
causing the display of the received email message comprises
over a thumbnail image corresponding to a document
20. The computer-implemented method of claim 19,
wherein the descriptive information comprises at least one of
rality of thumbnail images during the display of the
index sheet in the second user interface, using the
slideshow framework to automatically close the
second user interface that displays the index sheet
and resuming the display of the slide show within
application.
responsive to receiving user input causing a cursor to hover
email application, of an index sheet comprising a
plurality of thumbnail images corresponding to the
document attachments; and
18. The computer-implemented method of claim 1, further
attachment, adding the document attachment to an
an index sheet element;
responsive to receiving a selection of the index sheet
element, using the slideshow framework to cause
the display, in a second user interface separate from
the email application and without dismissing the
play of a previous document attachment from the docu
ment attachments.
the slideshow framework to cause the display,
within a ?rst user interface that is separate from the
29. The computer program product of claim 23, wherein
65
causing the display of the slide show comprises using the
slideshow framework to cause the display of the slide show in
a full-screen mode.
US 8,140,975 B2
19
20
30. The computer program product of claim 23, wherein
next document attachment from the document attach
causing the display of the slide show comprises using the
ments; and
responsive to receiving user activation of a previous com
mand, using the slideshow framework to cause the dis
slideshow framework to cause the display of the slide show as
an overlay superimposed on displayed user interface ele
play of a previous document attachment from the docu
ments.
31. The computer program product of claim 23, wherein
ment attachments.
38. The computer program product of claim 23, wherein
the executable computer program code encoded on the
medium is further for:
the executable computer program code encoded on the
medium is further for:
responsive to receiving the selection of the index sheet
element, using the slideshow framework to cause the
display of a transition animation prior to causing the
responsive to receiving a command to save a document
attachment, adding the document attachment to an
image repository associated with a photo management
display of the index sheet in the second user interface.
application.
32. The computer program product of claim 23, wherein
using the slideshow framework to automatically close the
39. The computer program product of claim 23, wherein
second user interface that displays the index sheet further
the executable computer program code encoded on the
medium is further for:
responsive to receiving user input causing a cursor to hover
comprises:
using the slideshow framework to cause the display of a
transition animation prior to resuming the display of the
slide show within the ?rst user interface.
over a thumbnail image corresponding to a document
20
33. The computer program product of claim 23, wherein
tion associated with the document attachment.
40. The computer program product of claim 39, wherein
using the slideshow framework to cause the display of both
the slide show comprising the document attachments and the
the descriptive information comprises at least one of a ?le
toolbar comprises:
using the slideshow framework to cause a sequential dis
name associated with the document attachment, a title asso
25
play of the document attachments.
34. The computer program product of claim 33, wherein
the sequential display of the document attachments com
prises:
causing the display of a ?rst document attachment from the
document attachments within the slideshow; and
responsive to a trigger event, causing the display of a sec
ond document attachment from the document attach
ments within the slide show.
35. The computer program product of claim 34, wherein
30
35
42. The computer program product of claim 41, wherein
40
email application, comprising:
a slideshow framework comprising software code for
facilitating applications that are independent from the
45
a computer processor; and
a computer-readable storage medium storing computer
50
is independent from the slideshow framework and fur
attachment.
prising:
37. The computer program product of claim 33, wherein
the sequential display of the document attachments com
a slide show activation Ul element, for using the slide
show framework to cause the display, within a ?rst
prises:
user interface that is separate from the email applica
tion and without dismissing the email application, of
60
display of the document attachments;
responsive to receiving user activation of a pause com
mand, using the slideshow framework to remain on a
currently displayed document attachment until receiv
using the slideshow framework to cause the display of a
program code con?gured to execute on the computer
processor, the code when executed executes the slide
show framework and executes the email application that
ther causes the slideshow framework to provide Ul ele
ments for the email application, the UI elements com
time has elapsed from the display of the ?rst document
ing user activation of another command;
responsive to receiving user activation of a next command,
slideshow framework to obtain slideshow functionality
provided by the slideshow framework;
prises:
responsive to receiving user activation of a play command,
using the slideshow framework to cause the sequential
the overlay is semi-transparent.
43. A system for displaying a set of documents within an
slideshow; and
using the slideshow framework to cause the display of a
?rst document attachment from the document attach
ments within the slideshow; and
using the slideshow framework to cause the display of a
second document attachment from the document attach
ments within the slide show after a prede?ned amount of
the document attachment:
causing the display of the descriptive information as an
overlay that is at least partially superimposed on the
thumbnail image.
causing the sequential display of a plurality of document
stopping the slide show responsive to receiving a command
to stop the slide show.
36. The computer program product of claim 33, wherein
the sequential display of the document attachments com
ciated with the document attachment, a date associated with
the document attachment, a ?le siZe associated with the docu
ment attachment, an author associated with the document
attachment, a subject associated with the document attach
ment, a text description associated with the document attach
ment, or a compression setting associated with the document
attachment.
41. The computer program product of claim 39, wherein
causing the display of descriptive information associated with
the executable computer program code encoded on the
medium is further for:
attachments from the document attachments within the
attachment, causing the display of descriptive informa
65
both a slide show comprising document attachments
included in an email received by the email application
and a toolbar for interacting with the slideshow;
an index sheet activation Ul element displayed in the
toolbar, for using the slideshow framework to cause
the display, in a second user interface, separate from
the email application and without dismissing the
email application, of an index sheet comprising a
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