UM10727 GreenChip TEA1708T automatic discharge for X

UM10727 GreenChip TEA1708T automatic discharge for X
UM10727
GreenChip TEA1708T automatic discharge for X capacitors
demo board
Rev. 1 — 3 October 2013
User manual
Document information
Info
Content
Keywords
TEA1708T, APBADC073, discharge, X capacitor, SO8, low power
consumption, discharge current, surge protection, demo board
Abstract
This user manual describes how the TEA1708T APBADC073 demo board
can be used in a power converter to add the automatic discharge for X
capacitor functionality. It also provides recommendations for integration of
the TEA1708T in a power adapter printed-circuit board. The demo board
contains a TEA1708T controller in SO8 package and two resistors and
one capacitor.
The APBADC073 demo board replaces the resistors that are normally
used to discharge the X capacitor. It can be connected directly across the
X capacitor terminals for evaluation purposes.
UM10727
NXP Semiconductors
TEA1708T automatic discharge for X capacitors demo board
Revision history
Rev
Date
Description
v.1
20131003
first issue
Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
UM10727
User manual
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 1 — 3 October 2013
© NXP B.V. 2013. All rights reserved.
2 of 12
UM10727
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TEA1708T automatic discharge for X capacitors demo board
1. Introduction
WARNING
Lethal voltage and fire ignition hazard
The non-insulated high voltages that are present when operating this product, constitute a
risk of electric shock, personal injury, death and/or ignition of fire.
This product is intended for evaluation purposes only. It shall be operated in a designated test
area by personnel qualified according to local requirements and labor laws to work with
non-insulated mains voltages and high-voltage circuits. This product shall never be operated
unattended.
This document describes the TEA1708T APBADC073 demo board. A functional
description is provided, supported by a small set of measurements illustrating the
performance of the TEA1708T. The demo board can be used standalone or can be
hooked up to an existing power supply to demonstrate the capabilities of the TEA1708T.
All values in this user manual are typical values, unless otherwise specified.
2. Safety warnings
The board must be connected to the mains voltage. Touching the board during operation
must always be avoided. An isolated housing is obligatory when used in uncontrolled,
non-laboratory environments. A galvanic isolation of the mains phase using a variable
transformer is always recommended. The symbols shown in Figure 1 indicate these
devices.
019aab174
019aab173
a. Isolated
Fig 1.
b. Not isolated
Variable transformer (Variac) isolation symbols
3. Specification
Table 1.
Input specification
Parameter
UM10727
User manual
Value
Comment
input voltage
Conditions
85 V (AC) to 265 V (AC)
universal mains
input frequency
47 Hz to 63 Hz
input power
< 1 mW
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 1 — 3 October 2013
Power consumption without X
capacitor
© NXP B.V. 2013. All rights reserved.
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UM10727
NXP Semiconductors
TEA1708T automatic discharge for X capacitors demo board
4. Functional description
The TEA1708T is an automatic discharge IC for X capacitors. It has a low power
consumption ( < 1 mW at 230 V (AC)). The X-capacitor discharge current is internally
limited to 2.3 mA. The discharge delay time is set externally by using a low voltage
capacitor.
A 500 V clamping circuit is integrated, which protects the IC during mains surges.
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Fig 2.
TEA1708T pinning diagram
5. Demo board setup
The APBADC073 demo board is designed so it can easily be added across the terminals
of the X capacitor in the existing power supply converter. It can also directly substitute the
X capacitor of the existing power supply when the X capacitor is mounted on the
TEA1708T demo board.
5.1 Demo board APBADC073
The APBADC073 demo board consists of the TEA1708T in an SO8 package, two 200 k
discharge resistors, a 10 nF timer capacitor, and a 1 F X2 capacitor. Figure 3 shows the
front and back side of the demo board.
UM10727
User manual
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Rev. 1 — 3 October 2013
© NXP B.V. 2013. All rights reserved.
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UM10727
NXP Semiconductors
TEA1708T automatic discharge for X capacitors demo board
a. Front
Fig 3.
b. Back
APBADC073 demo board
5.2 Connecting the board
The APBADC073 demo board can be directly connected across the X capacitor terminals
of the power supply. Either the original X capacitor of the power supply or the X capacitor
of the board can be used. Remove the discharge resistors of the original application.
UM10727
User manual
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 1 — 3 October 2013
© NXP B.V. 2013. All rights reserved.
5 of 12
UM10727
NXP Semiconductors
TEA1708T automatic discharge for X capacitors demo board
Figure 4 shows the board connections.
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Fig 4.
APBADC073: Board connections
6. Measurements
Tests have been carried out to measure the power consumption of the TEA1708T, to test
the discharge capacity of the TEA1708T, and to test the surge capability.
6.1 Test setup
The board has been tested standalone.
6.1.1 Test equipment
•
•
•
•
•
•
AC source: Agilent 6812B
Power meter: Yokogawa WT210 with harmonics option
Digital oscilloscope: Yokogawa DL1640L
100 MHz, high-voltage differential probe: Yokogawa 700924
Multimeter: Keithley 2000
KeyTek EMCPro Plus
6.1.2 Test conditions
• Ambient temperature between 20 C and 25 C
UM10727
User manual
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Rev. 1 — 3 October 2013
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UM10727
NXP Semiconductors
TEA1708T automatic discharge for X capacitors demo board
6.2 Power consumption
Test conditions:
The APBADC073 demo board is connected to the AC source. The X capacitor must not
be connected. For several AC voltages the power consumption is measured with the
power meter set to the lowest current value (5 mA), integration time of 36 s, and readout
in mWh. The results are given in Table 2.
Table 2.
Power consumption TEA1708T
V (AC)/60 Hz
Pin
Comments
85 V
0.27 mW
ambient
115 V
0.37 mW
ambient
230 V
0.75 mW
ambient
265 V
0.87 mW
ambient
6.3 Discharge capacity
Test conditions:
The board with the 1 F X capacitor is connected to the AC source (230 V (AC)/50 Hz). A
differential probe is directly connected across the terminals of the X capacitor. When the
AC source is disconnected, the TEA1708T starts to discharge the X capacitor through
resistors R1 and R2 (both 200 k). Figure 5 shows the discharge curve.
a. Discharge L 230 V (AC)
Fig 5.
b. Discharge N 230 V (AC)
Discharge of the X capacitor
Table 3 shows the time that is required to discharge the X capacitor for three different
values of this X capacitor.
UM10727
User manual
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Rev. 1 — 3 October 2013
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UM10727
NXP Semiconductors
TEA1708T automatic discharge for X capacitors demo board
Table 3.
Discharge time
X capacitor value (nF)
Discharge time (135 V) (ms)
Discharge time (60 V) (ms)
470
200
420
1000
420
870
2000
810
1700
6.4 Surge capability
Test conditions:
• The APBADC073 demo board without the X capacitor is connected to the surge
generator KeyTek EMCPro Plus
• The applied voltage (AC) is 230 V/50 Hz
• Resistors R1 and R2 are both 200 k. In total 6 x 68 k is used to ensure that the
resistors are not damaged by the high-voltage surge pulses.
Surge testing requirements: IEC61000-4-5.
Table 4.
Setting 1
Setting 2
Setting 3
waveform
SRG 1.2/50
user defined
2
surge pulses
1, 2, 4, 6 kV
output coupling
mains L, N
phase reference
0, 90, 180, 270 
number of tests
5
time between tests
15 s
Table 5.
UM10727
User manual
Setup for surge testing
Parameter
Surge test results
Surge voltage
R1, R2 (k)
Result
Comments
1 kV/90 
200
pass
230 V/50 Hz; differential L to N
2 kV/90 
200
pass
230 V/50 Hz; differential L to N
4 kV/90 
200
pass
230 V/50 Hz; differential L to N
6 kV/0 
200
pass
230 V/50 Hz; differential L to N
6 kV/90 
200
pass
230 V/50 Hz; differential L to N
6 kV/180 
200
pass
230 V/50 Hz; differential L to N
6 kV/270 
200
pass
230 V/50 Hz; differential L to N
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Rev. 1 — 3 October 2013
© NXP B.V. 2013. All rights reserved.
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UM10727
NXP Semiconductors
TEA1708T automatic discharge for X capacitors demo board
7. Schematic
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Fig 6.
DDD
APBADC073 schematic diagram
On the demo board, pin 1 (NC) and pin 2 (TMR2) are connected. Pin 3 (NC) and
pin 4 (TMR1) are also connected. The reason for this is backward compatibility with
earlier (test) versions of the TEA1708T.
For final application designs with the TEA1708T, leave pin 1 and pin 3 open. Connect
capacitor C2 only to pin 2 (TMR2) and pin 4 (TMR1), as this eliminates the risk of
malfunctioning as a result of accidently soldering together two adjacent pins.
UM10727
User manual
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 1 — 3 October 2013
© NXP B.V. 2013. All rights reserved.
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UM10727
NXP Semiconductors
TEA1708T automatic discharge for X capacitors demo board
DDD
Fig 7.
APBADC073 PCB layout
8. Bill Of Material (BOM)
Table 6.
UM10727
User manual
Bill of materials APBADC073 demo board
Reference
Description and
values
Part number
Manufacturer
R1
resistor; 200 k; 5 %;
SMD; 1206
-
-
R2
resistor; 200 k; 5 %
-
-
CX1
X2 capacitor; 1 F;
275 V; Axial; MKP
-
-
C2
capacitor; 10 nF; 50 V; SMD; 0805; MLCC;
X7R
-
U1
IC; TEA1708T
NXP Semiconductors
SO8
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Rev. 1 — 3 October 2013
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TEA1708T automatic discharge for X capacitors demo board
9. Legal information
9.1
Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
9.2
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on any weakness or default in the
customer’s applications or products, or the application or use by customer’s
third party customer(s). Customer is responsible for doing all necessary
testing for the customer’s applications and products using NXP
Semiconductors products in order to avoid a default of the applications and
the products or of the application or use by customer’s third party
customer(s). NXP does not accept any liability in this respect.
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from competent authorities.
Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information. NXP Semiconductors takes no
responsibility for the content in this document if provided by an information
source outside of NXP Semiconductors.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation - lost
profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal or
replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability towards
customer for the products described herein shall be limited in accordance
with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP Semiconductors.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in life support, life-critical or
safety-critical systems or equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors and its suppliers accept no liability for
inclusion and/or use of NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or
applications and therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own
risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Customers are responsible for the design and operation of their applications
and products using NXP Semiconductors products, and NXP Semiconductors
accepts no liability for any assistance with applications or customer product
design. It is customer’s sole responsibility to determine whether the NXP
Semiconductors product is suitable and fit for the customer’s applications and
products planned, as well as for the planned application and use of
customer’s third party customer(s). Customers should provide appropriate
design and operating safeguards to minimize the risks associated with their
applications and products.
Evaluation products — This product is provided on an “as is” and “with all
faults” basis for evaluation purposes only. NXP Semiconductors, its affiliates
and their suppliers expressly disclaim all warranties, whether express, implied
or statutory, including but not limited to the implied warranties of
non-infringement, merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. The
entire risk as to the quality, or arising out of the use or performance, of this
product remains with customer.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors, its affiliates or their suppliers be liable
to customer for any special, indirect, consequential, punitive or incidental
damages (including without limitation damages for loss of business, business
interruption, loss of use, loss of data or information, and the like) arising out
the use of or inability to use the product, whether or not based on tort
(including negligence), strict liability, breach of contract, breach of warranty or
any other theory, even if advised of the possibility of such damages.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever (including without limitation, all damages referenced above and
all direct or general damages), the entire liability of NXP Semiconductors, its
affiliates and their suppliers and customer’s exclusive remedy for all of the
foregoing shall be limited to actual damages incurred by customer based on
reasonable reliance up to the greater of the amount actually paid by customer
for the product or five dollars (US$5.00). The foregoing limitations, exclusions
and disclaimers shall apply to the maximum extent permitted by applicable
law, even if any remedy fails of its essential purpose.
Safety of high-voltage evaluation products — The non-insulated high
voltages that are present when operating this product, constitute a risk of
electric shock, personal injury, death and/or ignition of fire. This product is
intended for evaluation purposes only. It shall be operated in a designated
test area by personnel that is qualified according to local requirements and
labor laws to work with non-insulated mains voltages and high-voltage
circuits.
The product does not comply with IEC 60950 based national or regional
safety standards. NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability for
damages incurred due to inappropriate use of this product or related to
non-insulated high voltages. Any use of this product is at customer’s own risk
and liability. The customer shall fully indemnify and hold harmless NXP
Semiconductors from any liability, damages and claims resulting from the use
of the product.
Translations — A non-English (translated) version of a document is for
reference only. The English version shall prevail in case of any discrepancy
between the translated and English versions.
9.3
Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
GreenChip — is a trademark of NXP B.V.
UM10727
User manual
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Rev. 1 — 3 October 2013
© NXP B.V. 2013. All rights reserved.
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UM10727
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TEA1708T automatic discharge for X capacitors demo board
10. Contents
1
2
3
4
5
5.1
5.2
6
6.1
6.1.1
6.1.2
6.2
6.3
6.4
7
8
9
9.1
9.2
9.3
10
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Safety warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Specification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Demo board setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Demo board APBADC073 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Connecting the board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Test setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Test equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Test conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Power consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Discharge capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Surge capability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Bill Of Material (BOM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Legal information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Trademarks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP B.V. 2013.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 3 October 2013
Document identifier: UM10727
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