Kodiak30BHSL
Introduction
This manual has been provided by the manufacturer’s to provide instructions covering the operation and
maintenance of the appliances and equipment contained within your recreational vehicle.
Nothing in this manual creates any warranty, either express or implied.
The only warranty offered by the manufacturer is set forth in the limited warranty applicable to your vehicle.
The limited warranty provided by the manufacturer and the limited warranties issued by component manufacturers require
periodic service and maintenance, and the owner’s failure to provide this service and/or maintenance may result in
the loss of warranty coverage for that item. The owner should review the manufacturer’s limited warranty
and the limited warranty of all other manufacturers.
Included in this manual are instructions for operating some components which may be optional on your vehicle.
This manual is devoted to instructions on travel trailers and fifth wheels.
We hope you will have many years of vacationing pleasure.
Some items described in this manual may or may not pertain to your particular unit.
Standard items and/or options may vary.
Dear Valued Customer,
Thank you for purchasing a Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc. product! The following manual outlines the
THOR Exclusive One Year Bumper to Hitch Limited Warranty, Two Year Structural and Appliance
Limited Warranty simply and clearly detailing the most impressive coverage in the industry for towable
products.
We are confident that you followed the Product Delivery Inspection procedures with your selling dealer; received an extensive walk through and
demonstration of your purchase, and had the warranty statement contained in this manual explained to you. The desired result is that you are
confident that you have been informed of the warranty provided with the product, the operation, the maintenance required, and details of the
responsibilities of the manufacturer, dealer, and retail partnership.
At Dutchmen Manufacturing, we want you to be able to enjoy your new travel trailer or fifth wheel to the fullest. In the following pages, you will learn
about the warranty, the features, and maintenance responsibilities of the product. We encourage owners to review and pay special attention to the
following:
•
Warranty Statement - please read the full warranty statement
•
Weight rating - please review the proper loading, hitching, and pulling instructions
•
Care and Maintenance - review sealant maintenance requirements
•
Slide Room Operation - review operation instructions, maintenance, adjustments
•
LP and Appliances - review function and safety equipment provided
•
Tire and Lug Nut - review inflation and lug nut torque specifications
•
Modifications /Deviations - review that changes or alterations can void the warranty
•
Condensation - review causes and advice on how to reduce and control
Your unit has been inspected by the factory, and received a final inspection at the dealership, and then by yourself during the walk through and
demonstrations, but we know that sometimes things can go wrong on the road. Please allow your dealership to assist you in remedying any
warrantable issues, and should you need to contact our Goshen, Indiana, service facility, please contact us at: 1-574-537-0700.
We wish you many seasons of camping with your Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc. product.
Best Regards,
Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc.
Warranty Department Product Teams
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................................................................1
USING THIS MANUAL .......................................................................................................................................................................9
CAUTION AND INFORMATION SYMBOLS ............................................................................................................................................9
SEPARATE COMPONENT MANUALS....................................................................................................................................................9
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS ...........................................................................................................................................................9
DUTCHMEN WARRANTY...............................................................................................................................................................10
INSPECTION ......................................................................................................................................................................................13
UNIT INFORMATION PACKET .....................................................................................................................................................13
OWNER REGISTRATION................................................................................................................................................................13
OBTAINING WARRANTY SERVICE.............................................................................................................................................13
GET TO KNOW YOUR UNIT........................................................................................................................................................13
IF YOU NEED TO MAKE AN APPOINTMENT ........................................................................................................................13
Call Ahead.....................................................................................................................................................................................13
Be Prepared...................................................................................................................................................................................13
Make a List ....................................................................................................................................................................................13
While Waiting ................................................................................................................................................................................13
About Service Calls........................................................................................................................................................................13
Can’t Find A Dealer? Have An Emergency? .................................................................................................................................14
Inspecting Your Repairs.................................................................................................................................................................14
OCCUPANT SAFETY........................................................................................................................................................................14
Carbon Monoxide Detector ...........................................................................................................................................................14
LP Detector ...................................................................................................................................................................................14
Smoke Detector..............................................................................................................................................................................14
Fire Extinguisher...........................................................................................................................................................................15
WEIGHT RATING .............................................................................................................................................................................15
WEIGHT RATINGS - DEFINITIONS..........................................................................................................................................15
WEIGHT RATINGS - LABELS ....................................................................................................................................................15
WEIGHT RATINGS - LOCATIONS ............................................................................................................................................15
Federal Certification Tag ..............................................................................................................................................................16
RVIA Weight Label ........................................................................................................................................................................16
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WEIGHING THE TRAILER .........................................................................................................................................................16
Getting Started...............................................................................................................................................................................16
Where to Find Scales .....................................................................................................................................................................16
How to use scales ..........................................................................................................................................................................16
Weigh Everything ..........................................................................................................................................................................16
Be Prepared...................................................................................................................................................................................16
How much should it weigh?...........................................................................................................................................................16
How do we know the correct axle Loads?......................................................................................................................................16
TIRES AND WHEELS .......................................................................................................................................................................16
TIRE INSPECTION..............................................................................................................................................................................16
TIRE LOAD RATING ..........................................................................................................................................................................16
WHEEL LOAD &INFLATION RATINGS .............................................................................................................................................17
WHAT INFLATION PRESSURE TO USE? .............................................................................................................................................17
CARE ON THE ROAD..........................................................................................................................................................................17
CARE AT HOME .................................................................................................................................................................................17
CLEANING TIRES ...............................................................................................................................................................................17
KEEPING AIR INSIDE – WHERE IT BELONGS.....................................................................................................................................17
WHAT HAPPENS IF YOU DON’T?.......................................................................................................................................................17
KEEP EVERYTHING STRAIGHT..........................................................................................................................................................18
TIRE CHANGING BASICS ..................................................................................................................................................................18
WHEEL NUT TORQUE .......................................................................................................................................................................18
WHEEL COMPATIBILITY ..................................................................................................................................................................19
HITCHING ..........................................................................................................................................................................................19
HITCHING A TRAVEL TRAILER ........................................................................................................................................................19
SAFETY CHAINS ................................................................................................................................................................................20
HITCHING A FIFTH WHEEL TRAILER ..............................................................................................................................................20
BREAKAWAY SWITCH ...................................................................................................................................................................20
7-PIN PLUG.....................................................................................................................................................................................21
BRAKES, ELECTRIC........................................................................................................................................................................21
ADJUSTING THE BRAKES ..................................................................................................................................................................22
BRAKING TIPS...................................................................................................................................................................................22
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LOADING YOUR TRAILER ............................................................................................................................................................22
TOWING YOUR TRAILER ..............................................................................................................................................................22
RUNNING LIGHTS .............................................................................................................................................................................22
MIRRORS...........................................................................................................................................................................................22
TOWING ............................................................................................................................................................................................23
BACKING UP .....................................................................................................................................................................................23
PASSING ............................................................................................................................................................................................23
SHARPLY WINDING AND NARROW ROADS ......................................................................................................................................24
STEEP OR LONG GRADES .................................................................................................................................................................24
SLIPPERY PAVEMENT .......................................................................................................................................................................24
FREEWAYS AND HIGHWAYS .............................................................................................................................................................24
TURNING CORNERS ..........................................................................................................................................................................24
MUD AND SAND.................................................................................................................................................................................24
PARKING ...........................................................................................................................................................................................24
LEVEL TOWING ................................................................................................................................................................................24
SETTING UP YOUR TRAILER........................................................................................................................................................24
LEVELING AND STABILIZATION .......................................................................................................................................................24
JACKS AND STABILIZERS ..................................................................................................................................................................25
SLIDE OUT SYSTEMS ......................................................................................................................................................................25
POWER SLIDE ROOM SYSTEMS ........................................................................................................................................................26
MANUAL CRANK SLIDE ROOM SYSTEM ..............................................................................................................................26
MANUAL SLIDE-OUT SYSTEM .................................................................................................................................................26
SLIDE ROOM SET UP AND ADJUSTMENTS ...........................................................................................................................26
BUNK TENT ROOMS........................................................................................................................................................................26
SET UP ..............................................................................................................................................................................................26
REAR DOOR/LOADING RAMP OPERATION (SRV MODELS) ................................................................................................26
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ...................................................................................................................................................................27
12 VOLT SYSTEM-DC...................................................................................................................................................................27
120 VOLT SYSTEM (ALSO REFERRED TO AS 110VA/C)......................................................................................................27
POWER CORD / SHORE CORD ..................................................................................................................................................28
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30 AMP SERVICE ..........................................................................................................................................................................28
50 AMP SERVICE (OPTIONAL)..................................................................................................................................................28
PLUGGING IN TO CAMPGROUNDS .........................................................................................................................................28
CONVERTER..................................................................................................................................................................................28
GENERATOR .................................................................................................................................................................................28
FUEL STATION .............................................................................................................................................................................29
Staying Safe at the Pump ...............................................................................................................................................................29
LP GAS SYSTEM ...............................................................................................................................................................................30
GENERAL INFORMATION .........................................................................................................................................................30
LP REGULATOR ...........................................................................................................................................................................31
Care & Maintenance .....................................................................................................................................................................31
LP BOTTLES ..................................................................................................................................................................................31
Filling LP Bottles...........................................................................................................................................................................31
SPLIT-BOTTLE SYSTEMS – (Primarily on Fifth Wheels).............................................................................................................32
LP GAS LINES...................................................................................................................................................................................32
Bleeding Air from LP Gas Lines ....................................................................................................................................................32
PLUMBING SYSTEM........................................................................................................................................................................32
GENERAL INFORMATION .........................................................................................................................................................32
MONITOR PANEL.........................................................................................................................................................................32
Operation.......................................................................................................................................................................................32
Erroneous Readings.......................................................................................................................................................................32
FRESH WATER TANK .................................................................................................................................................................32
Fresh Water Fill ............................................................................................................................................................................33
City Water Fill ...............................................................................................................................................................................33
Sanitizing the Fresh Water System.................................................................................................................................................33
Vibration While Traveling .............................................................................................................................................................33
WATER PUMP ...................................................................................................................................................................................33
WATER HEATER ...............................................................................................................................................................................34
Care & Maintenance .....................................................................................................................................................................34
Pressure Relief Valve-Weeping or Dripping..................................................................................................................................34
Replenishing the Air Pocket...........................................................................................................................................................34
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Water Supply and Odor .................................................................................................................................................................34
Draining & Storage .......................................................................................................................................................................34
To Drain the Water Heater ............................................................................................................................................................34
By-Pass Kit ....................................................................................................................................................................................35
WINTERIZATION ...............................................................................................................................................................................35
Method 1 (With By-Pass Kit installed)...........................................................................................................................................35
Method 2 (With By-Pass Kit installed)...........................................................................................................................................35
REMOVING ANTIFREEZE ..................................................................................................................................................................35
WASTE WATER SYSTEM............................................................................................................................................................36
Toilet .............................................................................................................................................................................................36
HOLDING TANKS ..............................................................................................................................................................................36
Dumping Instructions ....................................................................................................................................................................36
No Fuss Flush (Optional) ..............................................................................................................................................................37
Solid Build Up ...............................................................................................................................................................................37
GAS FURNACE ..................................................................................................................................................................................37
APPLIANCES .....................................................................................................................................................................................37
AIR CONDITIONER ............................................................................................................................................................................37
KITCHEN RANGE AND OVEN ............................................................................................................................................................37
RANGE EXHAUST HOOD ...................................................................................................................................................................38
MICROWAVE .....................................................................................................................................................................................38
REFRIGERATOR (SELF CONTAINED MODELS) ..................................................................................................................................38
TV ANTENNA (OPTIONAL)................................................................................................................................................................38
AM/FM RADIO WITH CASSETTE OR CD PLAYERS .........................................................................................................................38
PROLONGED OCCUPANCY ...........................................................................................................................................................38
VENTILATION AND MOISTURE CONTROL ..............................................................................................................................38
MOLDS ................................................................................................................................................................................................39
CARE AND MAINTENANCE ...........................................................................................................................................................39
EXTERIOR......................................................................................................................................................................................39
SEALS & ADHESIVES ..................................................................................................................................................................39
WINDOWS (EXTERIOR)...............................................................................................................................................................41
FIBERGLASS / GEL COAT FINISH..............................................................................................................................................41
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METAL ..........................................................................................................................................................................................42
ABS PLASTIC / MOLDED PARTS ................................................................................................................................................42
ROOF ............................................................................................................................................................................................42
FRAME & CHASSIS ......................................................................................................................................................................43
Frame & Bumper...........................................................................................................................................................................43
Steps ..............................................................................................................................................................................................43
Hitch Couplers...............................................................................................................................................................................43
Fifth Wheel Coupler ......................................................................................................................................................................43
Safety Chains .................................................................................................................................................................................43
Jacks..............................................................................................................................................................................................43
TIRES & WHEELS.........................................................................................................................................................................43
Wheel Bearing Lubrication............................................................................................................................................................43
Brake Adjustment...........................................................................................................................................................................44
APPLIANCES..................................................................................................................................................................................44
MISCELLANEOUS ........................................................................................................................................................................44
Bed Spreads ...................................................................................................................................................................................44
Blinds and Shades..........................................................................................................................................................................45
Cabinet Doors and Drawers (Solid Hardwoods) ...........................................................................................................................45
Carpeting.......................................................................................................................................................................................45
Ceilings and Walls.........................................................................................................................................................................45
Countertops ...................................................................................................................................................................................45
Draperies.......................................................................................................................................................................................45
Faucets and Fixtures .....................................................................................................................................................................45
Flooring, Vinyl ..............................................................................................................................................................................45
Glass & Mirrors ............................................................................................................................................................................45
Fabric & Upholstery......................................................................................................................................................................45
Sinks, Tubs, and Toilets .................................................................................................................................................................45
GENERAL MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE......................................................................................................................................46
MAINTENANCE & SERVICE RECORDS......................................................................................................................................49
TRAILER WEIGHT LOG .................................................................................................................................................................50
8
Reporting Safety Defects
USING THIS MANUAL
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or
could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National
Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc has provided this manual solely for the
Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying
purpose of providing instructions about the operation and maintenance of the manufacturer.
its recreational vehicle. Nothing in this manual creates any warranty, either
express or implied. The only warranty offered by Dutchmen
Manufacturing, Inc is set forth in the Limited Warranty applicable to your If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if
it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall
vehicle.
and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer or the manufacturer.
Caution and Information Symbols
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free
Through out this manual we have placed special emphasis on items that
require special attention. These Symbols denote information that the user at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the Washington, DC area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC 20590.
should be highly aware of, as failure to heed these cautions or warnings
You
can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the
may result in product damage, property damage, serious injury or fatality.
Hotline.
SPECIAL ATTENTION SHOULD BE GIVEN TO
ALL INFORMATION PRECEDED BY THIS
SYMBOL. FAILURE TO DO SO MAY RESULT
IN PRODUCT DAMAGE, PROPERTY DAMAGE,
SERIOUS INJURY, OR FATALITY.
Instructions included in this manual are for operating some components,
which may be optional on your vehicle. This manual is devoted to
instructions on travel trailers and fifth wheels.
We hope you will have many years of vacationing pleasure. This manual is
based on the latest information available at the time of publication. Due to
continuous product development and improvements, Dutchmen
Manufacturing, Inc reserves the right to make changes in product
specifications and components without prior notice.
READ THE ENTIRE MANUAL AND HEED ALL CAUTION
AND WARNING STATEMENTS, PRIOR TO OPERATION OF
THE RECREATIONAL VEHICLE.
The limited warranty and the limited warranties issued by component
manufacturers require periodic service and maintenance, and the owner’s
failure to provide this service and/or maintenance may result in loss of
warranty coverage for that item. The owner should review Dutchmen
Manufacturing, Inc.’s limited warranty and the limited warranty of all other
manufacturers.
Separate Component Manuals
Missing a component manual? Separate component manuals for the
various items we use are available as downloadable files at our web site. Go
to our web site address www.dutchmenmfg.com and find your
product on the left hand side. If you click “Owner’s Manuals” on the left
hand menu you will be provided with a list of the separate component
manuals that are provided by various manufacturers that we use.
9
the owner shall contact the selling dealer, or other authorized dealer, giving
them sufficient information to resolve the matter.
DUTCHMEN WARRANTY
COVERAGE PROVIDED: GENERAL
The owner is also responsible for inspecting and maintaining sealants or
Your new travel trailer, including the plumbing, heating and electrical
seals around all attachments and seams related to the structure, plumbing
systems, installed by the manufacturer, is warranted under normal use to be
fixtures, and tub or shower enclosures.
free from manufacturing defects in material and workmanship for a period
of one (1) year from date of purchase to the original owner.
This warranty extends to the first retail purchaser, is not transferable and
begins on the date of original retail delivery or the date the travel trailer is
first placed into service (whichever occurs first). This warranty extends for
a period of one (1) year (Bumper to Hitch) and two (2) years (structural
and appliance) from such date. Written notice of defects must be given to
the selling dealer or the manufacturer no later than ten (10) days after the
expiration of the applicable warranty. Warranty repairs, if required, will be
made without charge and within industry standards, after your travel trailer
is taken to an authorized service center.
WARNING: The owner’s failure to perform such
inspections and maintenance, which results in water damage or any
other damage, shall void the warranty.
The owner shall be responsible to deliver the travel trailer to the dealer,
authorized service center, or factory for all warranty repairs. It is the
owner’s responsibility to return the vehicle to an authorized service
center for any repairs that may be required.
NOTE: UNITS ARE MANUFACTURED FOR RECREATIONAL It is the owner’s responsibility to notify the selling dealer of a defect in a
timely manner. Failure to notify in a timely manner will void all or portions
PURPOSES, UNITS USED AS COMMERICAL,
RESIDENTIAL, OR RENTAL MAY VOID YOUR WARRANTY. of this one year/two year limited warranty.
COVERAGE PROVIDED: STRUCTURAL
CONSEQUENTIAL AND INCIDENTAL DAMAGES:
Dutchmen Manufacturing shall not be liable for any incidental or
Your new travel trailer’s structure is warranted to be free from
manufacturing defects in material and workmanship for a period of two (2) consequential damages such as, expenses for transportation,
years from date of purchase to the original owner. The structure consists of lodging, loss or damage to personal property, loss of use of owner’s
the walls, floor and roof, and the attachment to each other, but does not product, inconvenience or loss of income. Some states do not allow
include attachments to the structure such as, but not limited to, slide room the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
mechanisms, frame, axles, windows, doors, cabinets, vents, and rubber/ so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you.
vinyl roof.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have other
rights, which vary from state to state.
COVERAGE PROVIDED: APPLIANCES
Dealers or any other persons are not authorized to make modifications to
this warranty. Any additional statements concerning this warranty, whether
The major appliance warranty is administered by Dutchmen
oral or written, are not the responsibility of the manufacturer and should
Manufacturing for two (2) years from date of purchase. The vendor
not be relied upon.
appliances installed in your travel trailer by the factory have their own
vendor warranty statements offering a two year coverage to the original
consumer purchaser and is not transferable. Dutchmen Manufacturing and DELIVERY
its dealer network will process the warranty resulting from an appliance
manufacturing defect through its normal warranty policies and procedures. To assist in avoiding problems with your coach, we recommend you do
This coverage includes the range, oven, refrigerator, water pump, furnace, the following:
water heater, TV, stereo, and converter, depending on options installed.
1. Read the warranty. Go over it thoroughly with your dealer.
2. Inspect the vehicle. Do not accept delivery until you have gone through
the coach with the dealer. The manufacturer has provided a checklist to be
used during retail delivery. Check each item on the list and make sure the
The owner is responsible for normal maintenance; however, minor
adjustments (such as adjustments to the slide rooms, interior or exterior dealer does the same. Do not sign this checklist until you are satisfied with
doors, LP regulator pressure, cabinet latches, TV antenna control, voids in each inspection.
sealants, etc.) will be performed by the dealer during the first ninety (90) 3. Ask questions about anything concerning your coach you do not
understand.
days of warranty coverage. Thereafter, such adjustments are the
4. Be sure your tow vehicle has the capacity to pull the coach you have
responsibility of the owner as normal maintenance, unless required as a
selected.
direct result of repair or replacement of a defective part under this
warranty.
Throughout the manufacturing process, your travel trailer has been
If a problem occurs which the owner believes is covered by this warranty, inspected by our quality inspectors. However, our final inspection at the
OWNER’S OBLIGATIONS:
10
factory is not the last one. The pre-delivery inspections (including systems check) your dealer performs are the final inspections to the unit prior to
receiving your new coach. Your dealer should assist you in understanding the limited warranties and completing necessary forms to activate them.
DEALER’S OBLIGATIONS:
By agreement with the manufacturer, the dealer is obligated to maintain the travel trailer prior to retail sale, to perform a detailed pre-delivery
inspection and to make any repairs necessary to correct defects in material or workmanship.
1. Maintain the travel trailer prior to retail sale.
2. Perform a detailed pre-delivery inspection (including all systems check) and make any repairs necessary to correct defects in material or
workmanship.
3. Provide a customer walk through. This is done to familiarize the customer with the coach, its systems, components and its operation. The
manufacturer has provided a checklist to be used during retail delivery. Do not sign this checklist until you are satisfied with each inspection.
WHAT IS NOT COVERED BY THIS WARRANTY :
1. Tires, and other equipment, which are covered by the separate warranties of the respective manufacturers of these components.
2. Damage caused by or related to:
A: Accidents, misuse or negligence.
B. Alteration or modification of the travel trailer or damage
incurred resulting from alteration or modification.
C. Environmental conditions (salt, hail, chemicals in atmosphere, etc.).
D. Failure to comply with instructions contained in the
Owners Manual
3. Normal deterioration due to wear or exposure, such as fading of fabrics or drapes, carpet wear, etc.
4. Normal maintenance and service items such as light bulbs, fuses, lubricants, sealant and seals, slide adjustments, door adjustments, awning
tension, etc. or damages resulting from lack of maintenance.
5. Extra expenses such as transportation to and from dealer or authorized service center, loss of time, loss of pay, loss of use of
the travel trailer, meals, inconvenience, commercial loss, towing charges, bus fare, vehicle rental, incidental charges such as telephone calls or
lodging bills, or other incidental or consequential damages (other than injury to the person).
6. Any unit used as a commercial unit, residential unit or used as a rental unit.
7. Additional charges for transportation to and from on-site service.
8. Condensation on any window or other parts as a result of condensation including any mold or related water damage.
LIMITATION OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES:
Implied warranties, including any warranty of merchantability or
fitness for a particular purpose, are limited in duration to the terms of this written warranty. Some states do not allow limitation on how long an
implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply to you.
11
Missing a component manual?
Separate component manuals for the various items we use are available as downloadable files at our web site.
The website address is :
www.dutchmenmfg.com
Manufacturer’sWarrantyContacts
SHURFLO
12650 Westminster Ave.
A&E / DOMETIC / DUO-THERM USA Service Office
509 S. Poplar Street
Lagrange, IN 46761
800-544-4881
Canada Service Office
866 Langs Drive
Cambridge, Ontario N3H 2N7
519-653-7390
ALKO-KOBER
Santa Ana, CA 92706-2100
BAL RV PRODUCTS GROUP
365 W. Victoria St.
Compton, CA 90220
310-639-4000
ANTENNA TEK, INC
425 S. Bowen, #4
Longmount, CO 80501
303-772-9591
Elkhart, IN 46516
574-264-6651
PARALLAX – USA
BR WHOLESALE
800-848-0934
MASTERTECH
800-848-0558
PARALLAX – CAN
J&J sales
604-534-6336
VERN GIBSON
818-897-7577
WINEGARD – USA
3000 Kirkwood St.
Burlington, IA 52601-2000
303-754-0600
WINEGARD – CAN
Coast Distribution – Canada
Alberta 403-720-0046
Quebec 514-866-3613
ATWOOD MOBILE PRODUCTS
4750 Hiawatha Drive
Rockford, IL 61103
800-825-4328
SUBURBAN MFG.
676 Broadway Street
Dayton, TN 37321
423-775-2131
THETFORD – USA
P.O. Box 1285
Ann Arbor, MI 48106
800-521-3032
ONAN CORPORATION
1400 73RD Ave., NE
Minneapolis, MN 55432
800-888-ONAN
THETFORD – CAN
2710 Slough St.
Mississauga, ONT L4T1G3
905-671-0255
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In order to assist you, a “Personal Records Page” is located in the
appendix.
INSPECTION
GET TO KNOW YOUR UNIT
To assist you in avoiding problems, Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc
requests that each dealer review the limited warranty and inspect the unit
along with you. The dealer has been provided with a pre-delivery checklist.
Review this checklist with the dealer. Do not sign the checklist until this
review is complete and any questions about anything you do not
understand have been answered.
Throughout the manufacturing process, your recreational vehicle has been
inspected by qualified inspectors and then again at the dealership. As the
owners, however, you will be the first to camp and extensively use every
system. Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc wants the first camping experience
to be a happy one and recommends a “Trial Camping Experience” before
heading out. Plan a weekend in the yard or driveway and really camp in your
unit.
UNIT INFORMATION MANUAL
By camping for several days in your unit, you will have the opportunity to
use and become accustomed to the systems within your unit and find out
In addition to this Owner’s Manual, we provide a separate Component’s what items are needed or not needed while camping. Note any questions
manual. Inside this manual are the separate component manuals containing that arise, difficulties encountered or problems that occur. After your trial,
information on systems and equipment in the coach. Individual product call your dealer and ask any questions that have arisen. Getting to know
warranty registrations accompany this information and should be
your unit before the first adventure can save a lot of frustration and leave
completed and mailed promptly. Some components in this manual may be more time for fun!
components of a differing product line and/or are optional equipment.
Inclusion of these items does not suggest that they are or may be available
for a specific recreational vehicle.
IF YOU NEED TO MAKE AN APPOINTMENT
Call Ahead
OWNER REGISTRATION
Give thought to an appointment time and call ahead. Mondays and Fridays
are generally the busiest times at a dealer’s service center, as are right before
As a convenience to you, the owner registration form is completed at the seasonal holidays.
dealership at the time of delivery. After an owner signs this form, the dealer
will send the completed form to Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc within 30
days. Please make sure this form is completed and signed prior to leaving Be Prepared
the dealership.
If warranty work is to be done, please have a copy of your warranty
paperwork available and provide the service center with any helpful
information on past repairs that may pertain and help the technicians in
OBTAINING WARRANTY SERVICE
diagnosing the problem.
Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc recommends obtaining service from your
dealer or the nearest authorized repair facility. Service must be obtained
within a reasonable time after discovery of the defect and prior to the
applicable warranty expiration period. If assistance is needed in locating an
authorized repair center, please contact Dutchmen Service at 1-574-5370700
Please have the following available when you call.
•
Vehicle Identification Number (17 digit Serial #)
•
Model #
•
Date of Purchase
•
Description of the problem
•
Previous repair history & location (if applicable).
Make a List
Have a list ready and be reasonable with repair expectations. Some repairs
may require special order parts or parts shipped from a manufacturer.
Explain what you would like to have done over the phone or stop by
ahead of time so that you and the service manager can discuss possible
repair times.
While Waiting
Drop your unit off if possible. If you can wait on your repair, do not be
surprised if you cannot enter the repair area. Many insurance policies
prohibit customers or non-personnel from entering into the work area for
safety reason.
About Service Calls
Please note: Dutchmen Manufacturing’s, Inc Limited Warranty covers
warrantable repairs that are performed by an authorized Dutchmen dealer
at their service center or facility only. It is important for the owner to know
that if you are unable to bring your unit in for repairs, Dutchmen
13
Manufacturing, Inc is not responsible for any costs incurred for the service
call charge, or time accrued to come out to your unit. Your unit is a
recreational vehicle and not intended, nor manufactured as a permanent
residence.
Can’t Find A Dealer? Have An Emergency?
Carbon monoxide is a colorless, tasteless, odorless gas. The generator,
furnace, water heater, LP gas refrigerator and cooking range/oven produce
it constantly while they are operating. CARBON MONOXIDE IS
DEADLY. To protect yourself from the effects of carbon monoxide
poisoning, please read and understand the following precautions.
There are a number of symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning:
Call Dutchmen Customer Service. We can help locate a dealer nearby or, in
emergencies or special circumstances, provide authorization to a local
repair facility.
Before using any non-authorized dealer for any warranty repair, call
Dutchmen first!
Inspecting Your Repairs
If you or others (including pets) experience any of these symptoms, get out
into fresh air immediately. Get medical attention if any of the symptoms
persist. If any fossil-fuel burning device or appliance is running, shut it off
and do not operate it until it has been inspected and repaired.
Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc and your dealer want you to be satisfied
with any repair. After a repair is performed, inspect it thoroughly. Check
off your list and go over the repairs with the service center representative. The detector requires a ten-minute initial warm-up period to prepare and
Once satisfied, sign the Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc Company Warranty stabilize the sensor element. If the alarm sounds, it means that carbon
Claim. In the event a problem should reoccur after you have left the
monoxide gas is present in the air. This situation could occur in
dealership, contact the repair center or Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc as campgrounds where other vehicles as well as your trailer are contributing
soon as possible, so that the situation can be resolved expediently.
to the level of carbon monoxide in the surrounding air. If the alarm
sounds, it does not indicate a faulty alarm. It is warning you of potentially
dangerous levels of carbon monoxide. The carbon monoxide detector
should be tested weekly, after the trailer has been in storage, and before
OCCUPANT SAFETY
each trip.
Your trailer was designed to be comfortable under nearly all traveling and
living conditions. Although many of the comforts of home are available to *Refer to the separate component manual contained in your Owner’s
Components Manual for detailed operating and maintenance instructions.
you, always remember that the trailer is considered a motor vehicle. It
complies with all applicable codes and Federal Motor Vehicle Safety
Standards in effect at the time it was built. A number of required safety
LP Detector
items have been installed in your trailer for your safety and the safety of
other occupants of the vehicle. This section describes several of these
important pieces of equipment.
NEVER CHECK FOR LEAKS WITH OPEN FLAME
MATCH, ETC. ONLY USE A SOLUTION OF MILD
DISH DETERGENT AND WATER.
All occupants of the RV should become familiar with the audible sound of
the Smoke, LP, and CO detectors. If an alarm sounds, investigate the
cause. Do not remove the detector in an attempt to silence the alarm. If Your trailer is equipped with an LP gas leak detector. The detector senses
any occupants of the RV suffer from diminished hearing, add additional the presence of LP gas and some other hydrocarbons. If gas is detected,
the alarm will sound. The detector will not automatically shut off the LP
detectors.
gas system. Since LP gas is slightly heavier than air it will accumulate near
the floor, the detector is mounted near the floor. It is powered by the trailer
Teach everyone in the RV how to use the entry door locking system and 12-volt electrical system, and is activated whenever the main battery switch
egress window. Occasionally open the egress window to prevent the seal is ON. When the detector is turned ON, it will take about 60 seconds for it
from sticking. Always keep the dead bolt lock on the entry door in working to stabilize and begin to monitor the surrounding air. Once the alarm
sounds, it will continue to sound until the gas has dissipated or until the
condition. Design fire escape routes. Decide who will exit through the
override button is pressed. The override button only stops the alarm from
egress window first, and in what position. Place a blanket on the edge of sounding for 60 seconds. The alarm will recur if gas is still present. If the
the window to cushion the exit. If there is a fire, the last to exit the coach alarm sounds, open all doors and windows to air out the trailer. Turn the
should be prepared to assist those in front. Arrange for a rallying point,
gas off at the tank. Do not re-enter the until the alarm stops. If the alarm
sounds again, after the gas is turned back on:
such as on the off door side safely away from the vehicle.
Refer to the separate component manual contained in your Owner’s
Components Manual for detailed operating and maintenance instructions.
Carbon Monoxide Detector
Smoke Detector
14
A permanently sealed smoke detector is mounted on the ceiling in the
living/cooking area of the trailer. It is powered by a replaceable 9-volt
battery. When the battery becomes weak, the detector will sound a lowbattery signal. Replace the battery immediately when you hear this signal.
Test the smoke detector after the trailer has been in storage, before each
trip, and at least once a week during use. Never disable the smoke detector
because of a nuisance or false alarm from cooking smoke, dusty furnace,
etc. Ventilate the trailer interior with fresh air and the alarm will normally
shut off. Do not disconnect or remove the battery. Replace the battery at
least once a year or immediately when the low battery signal sounds. If the
smoke detector fails to operate with a new battery, replace it with a new
detector
Fire Extinguisher
Weight distribution is an important factor when loading a travel trailer or
fifth wheel. A recreational vehicle with the cargo distributed properly will
result in efficient, trouble-free towing. Loading the RV, as evenly as
possible, and then weighing the loaded RV can accomplish proper weight
distribution. Keep heavier items as low as possible and distribute evenly,
front to back and side to side. Securing your cargo can prevent damages
from shifting cargo during towing and maintain the weight distribution
balance achieved.
You must not exceed the GVWR or GAWR of the trailer (see definitions).
To verify GVWR, total the loaded hitch and axle weights. If this total
exceeds GVWR, you must remove cargo until the vehicle weight is within
this limit. You can verify that the RV axles are not overloaded by
comparing the loaded axle weight with the GWAR. If the reading is above
this limit, redistribute cargo load.
The hazard and possibility of fire exists in all areas of life, and the
recreational life-style is no exception. Your trailer is a complex machine
made of many materials. Some of these materials are flammable. Like most
hazards, the possibility of fire can be minimized, if not totally eliminated, by Finally, make sure the tongue or pin weight of the loaded travel trailer/fifth
recognizing the danger and practicing common sense, safety and good
wheel falls within the limits of the tow vehicle.
maintenance. Your trailer is equipped with a fire extinguisher located in the
entry way. It is rated for Class B (gasoline, diesel fuel, grease, flammable
WEIGHT RATINGS - DEFINITIONS
liquids) and Class C (electrical) fires. Read the instructions on the fire
extinguisher, and know when and how to use it. The fire extinguisher is
most valuable when used immediately on small fires. It has a limited
amount of fire-extinguishing material, and must be used properly so this
GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating)
material is not wasted.
The maximum permissible weight of this trailer when fully loaded. It
If you find it necessary to use a fire extinguisher, stand 45 degrees from the includes all weight at the trailer’s axle(s), plus the tongue or pin.
flame and spray side to side, starting at the top of the flame. Use caution to
avoid standing upwind or uphill. If flames are climbing, spray vertical and
work the retardant downwards. Dry chemical flame retardant should be UVW (Unloaded Vehicle Weight)
cleaned away as soon as possible.
The weight of this trailer as manufactured at the factory. It includes all
weight at the trailer axles(s) and the tongue or pin. If applicable, it also
When enjoying an outdoor campfire or barbecue, keep a bucket of water includes full generator fluids, including fuel, engine oil, and coolants.
nearby. Insure that there are no flammable substances or dry vegetation
near to the campfire or grill. Children should be kept at a safe distance.
Wear close fitting clothes. Avoid wearing skirts or scarves. Never throw CCC (Cargo Carrying Capacity)
plastic bags into a campfire, as they may heat seal and explode. Properly
Is equal to GVWR minus each of the following: UVW, full fresh (potable)
extinguish the campfire, and insure the grill is completely cooled before
water weight (including water heater), and full LP-Gas weight.
storing it inside of the RV.
The fire extinguisher is a pressurized, mechanical device. It must be
handled with care and treated with respect. It should be checked at least
once a year. Refer to the separate component manual contained in your
Owner’s Component’s Manual for detailed operating and maintenance
instructions.
GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating)
The maximum allowable weight that an axle system is designed to carry.
WEIGHT RATINGS - LABELS
WEIGHT RATING
The information on the weight ratings is contained on two labels: The
Federal Certification Tag and the RVIA Weight Label. Each label contains
You must not exceed the GVWR or GAWR of the trailer (see the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) / Serial Number for the vehicle
definitions). To verify GVWR, total the loaded hitch and axle weights. If rated. These ratings are specific for each travel trailer and fifth wheel
this total exceeds GVWR, you must remove cargo until the vehicle weight manufactured. Use only the ratings found on these labels.
is within this limit. You can verify that the RV axles are not overloaded by
comparing the loaded axle weight with the GWAR. If the reading is above WEIGHT RATINGS - LOCATIONS
this limit, redistribute cargo load.
15
Federal Certification Tag
to remove or redistribute part of the load, then weigh the vehicle again.
The Federal Certification Tag on travel trailers and fifth wheels can be
located on the Road Side (Off Door Side) near the front of the unit. This How much should it weigh?
tag contains the GVWR, GAWR (front & rear) and tire pressure limits.
The correct weights for your vehicle will appear on a vehicle placard on the
exterior of the off door wall. Notice that the placard should tell you the
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for each axle, the Gross Vehicle
RVIA Weight Label
Weight Rating (GVWR) for the whole vehicle, along with information
about the correct tire and rim sizes and recommended cold tire inflation
The RVIA Weight Label is located on the inside of an upper kitchen
cabinet door. In general, the tag is affixed to the cabinet above or adjacent pressures. If you exceed the GVWR, you must remove part of the load
until you are within the legal limits.
to the sink. This tag provides the GVWR rating, the UVW (Unloaded
Vehicle Weight) and the computation for CCC (Cargo Carrying Capacity).
WEIGHING THE TRAILER
Getting Started
How do we know the correct axle Loads?
The maximum load on each axle hub is half the GAWR for that axle. You
must not exceed the total GAWR for any axle, or the maximum for any
axle hub. Even if the vehicle as a whole does not exceed the GVWR, any
given axle hub might be overloaded. In that case, you must redistribute the
load.
You must know the weight on each axle hub of your RV or travel trailer to
avoid overloading the vehicle, tires or axles. Overloading is unsafe, wastes
fuel and can cause tires to fail and vehicle components (including tires) to
TIRES AND WHEELS
wear out prematurely. In order to be sure it is not overloaded, you must
weigh the vehicle, fully loaded.
Where to Find Scales
Improperly matched wheels and tires may fail and cause
property damage, serious personal injury, or loss of life.
You should be able to find certified scales by looking in your Yellow Pages Maintaining proper tire pressure is another key to safety. The Cold
for moving and storage companies, farm suppliers, gravel pits, recycling Inflation Pressure for each axle is located on the Federal Certification
companies or commercial truck stops.
Label. Cold inflation pressure refers to the pressure in the tire prior to
traveling. Always check your tire pressure before traveling. Under inflated
Be sure to call in advance to determine whether the facility offers public tires will cause excessive sidewall flexing and produce extreme heat, leading
to early tire failure and possible loss of control. Over inflated tires can cause
weighing services, their hours of operation and any fees that might be
uneven tire wear and also lead to early failure. More information on tires &
involved.
maintenance can be found in the Care & Maintenance section.
How to use scales
The tires should be checked before starting out on any trip (See chart on
following page). Check them regularly and keep inflated to recommended
pressures. The recommended tire pressure is on the side of the tire. A tire
gauge is a very inexpensive and valuable tool for checking tire inflation.
Rotate the tires at least once every 5,000 miles. You may want to have a
spare tire with you in case of an emergency.
There are several different kinds of scales, including single platforms,
segmented platforms (that can make several measurements at the same
time) and single axle scales. Ask the scale operators for help. Show them
this booklet, and explain that you need to know the weight on each axle
hub – with the vehicle as level as possible. Regardless of scale type, you
must be able to determine the overall weight, the right- and left-side
weights for each axle, and the weight on each individual axle – from front All travel trailers and fifth wheels are equipped with tubeless tires. Never
to rear.
use a tube as a substitute for a proper repair. If you should require an
adjustment on a faulty or defective tire, secure the name of the nearest tire
dealer or distributor and request an adjustment according to the conditions
Weigh Everything
and terms of the tire warranty.
For accurate weights, you must weigh the vehicle with all of your
passengers, food, clothing, fuel, water, propane and supplies. Any towed
vehicle (car / pickup, boat or trailer) or item loaded onto the vehicle (dirt
bike, motorcycle, etc.) must be included in the weighing.
Be Prepared
Tire Inspection
The chart on the following page is a useful guide for use during
inspections. Consult the wheel and tire manufacturer’s specifications for
compatibility whenever replacing tires.
It may take half an hour or more to weigh your vehicle. Be sure to take this Tire Load Rating
manual with you, so you have a place to record all the weights you’ll need.
And, bear in mind that depending on what you learn, it may be necessary Just like axles, tires and wheels have load ratings. The maximum ratings are
16
molded into the side of the tires, and sometimes stamped on the insides of
wheels. Bear in mind that these are maximum ratings. The sidewall of the
tire shows maximum load and minimum inflation pressure for that load in
their size designation. Inflation pressures that are too high for the load can
make tires more susceptible to impact breaks if they encounter obstacles at
high speeds.
Keeping air inside – where it belongs
Wheel Load &Inflation Ratings
Be sure you also know the load and inflation pressure ratings for your
wheels as well. Often, these are stamped on the inside of the wheels, but if
not, your dealer can help you find out what they are. Never exceed the
maximum load or inflation pressure rating of your wheels. Wheels are
often (but not always) stamped with the maximum loads and inflation
pressures that may be used with them. See your dealer for ratings if your
wheels are not marked.
What inflation pressure to use?
Never set tire inflation pressures BELOW the recommendations you find
on the trailer’s placard. Also, you must not exceed the maximum inflation
pressure ratings shown on tire sidewalls. Overinflated tires are more likely
to be cut, punctured or broken by sudden impact if they hit an obstacle,
like a pothole, at high speed. Correct inflation pressure can help minimize
that kind of damage. The maximum inflation pressure (displayed on the
tire’s sidewall) is also the minimum required to carry the maximum load.
Care on the road
When you’re traveling, do as professional commercial drivers do: inspect
your tires regularly and check and adjust cold inflation pressure every day
that you actually travel. (See page12 for details on how to measure and
adjust inflation pressure properly.) If you need to “block” tires to level the
vehicle, be sure that the block is larger than the “footprint” of the tire. No
part of the tire should ever “hang over” the edge of the block. This can
cause internal damage to the tire.
Care at home
protective compounds, again causing tires to age abnormally. Occasional
washing with soap and water is OK, but anything beyond that can actually
shorten the life of your tires. Washing tires too often can remove
protective compounds and result in premature aging. Avoid harsh cleaning
agents, steam cleaning and tire dressings.
It would be nice if you could just put the right inflation pressure in your
tires and forget it. Unfortunately, that’s what too many people try to do.
The trouble is, air doesn’t stay inside your tires. Those molecules are active
little guys, always looking for a way out. And they find it too. Depending
on the size of the tire, you can lose 1 to 2 psi per month as a result of
diffusion of air molecules through tire sidewalls. Air can actually work its
way through the sidewalls of your tires and escape. If you can imagine
ping-pong balls bouncing their way through miles of a tangled briar patch,
you’ve got the idea. How much can you lose? Depending on size, a tire can
lose 1 to 2 pounds of inflation pressure (psi) per month by diffusion
through sidewalls. If you have a bad valve stem or faulty seal between the
tire and wheel – or a nail in one of your tires – losses can occur even faster.
That means up to 12 psi loss in just 6 months if you never check and adjust
inflation pressure. That’s enough loss for many tires to be seriously – and
dangerously – underinflated. How often should you check? The absolute
best practice you could use would be to check (and adjust, if necessary)
every single tire, every single travel day. Many tires used on RVs are
commercial grade tires and commercial drivers are required to check their
tires as part of their pre-trip checks. Of course if you go somewhere and
park your vehicle for a week, you wouldn’t need to check every day during
that time – just the day you arrive and the day you leave. That’s probably
too much for most RV owners, so we suggest this:
Make sure you check (and adjust, if necessary) the cold inflation pressure in
every tire on your vehicle at least once during every travel week. Altitude
and outdoor temperatures also affect inflation pressures, another good
reason to check them frequently.
What happens if you don’t?
For best tire performance and life, the best thing you can do when you get Running a tire underinflated is like running your engine without enough oil
home is to take the load off your tires by putting the vehicle up on blocks. or coolant. It may seem to work OK for a while, but you are doing serious,
Cover the tires with opaque material to keep sunlight away. Ozone in the permanent damage. Adding oil or coolant won’t fix engine damage, and
air can deteriorate tires, especially sidewalls, and UV radiation from the sun adding air won’t fix tire damage. The tire is still seriously damaged and can
still fail, even after inflation is corrected. If you find any tire 20 percent or
can accelerate this effect. If you remove the tires from the vehicle, store
more underinflated, you should have it inspected (both inside and out) by
them in a cool, dry, dark place, away from grease, oil and fuel, and well
away from electrical equipment (like motors or generators) that produce your tire dealer.
ozone. Keep your stored tires inflated to a minimum pressure of 10-15 psi,
and arranged side-by-side, like a row of donuts. Avoid letting tires sit on There is only one way to correctly measure the inflation pressure in your
asphalt for long periods of time because they can absorb damaging oils
tires, and that is with a quality inflation pressure gauge. Tire “billies,” boot
from it.
toes, hammers, tire irons and baseball bats are NOT inflation pressure
gauges. No matter how much experience you have, if you use these
techniques, you are NOT measuring inflation pressure, and you risk
Cleaning tires
serious underinflation of your tires – and that can be both dangerous and
expensive. Never measure inflation pressures with anything other than a
Generally, you do no damage to your tires by leaving them dirty. Sidewall
good gauge. When you buy a gauge, get one with a double, angled foot.
rubber contains antioxidants and antiozonants that are designed to
gradually work their way to the surface of the rubber to protect it. Washing And, treat your tire gauge like any other precision instrument: don’t drop it
tires excessively removes these protective compounds, and can cause tires or use it for any purpose other than that for which it was made. If you
drop your gauge, take it to your tire dealer and ask them to check it for
to age prematurely. The same thing is true of most tire “dressings,”
accuracy. Shock can knock any gauge out of calibration, sometimes by a
designed to make tires look shiny. Most of these preparations remove
lot.
17
Wheel Nut Torque
Check it out!
Considering the hard work RV tires have to do, if you find any tire 20
ALWAYS TORQUE WHEEL NUTS TO THE WHEEL
percent or more below the correct pressure, treat that tire as a commercial
MANUFACTURER’S SPECIFICATIONS! OVER OR
vehicle tire (which most RV tires are): Have the tire removed, demounted
UNDER-TORQUED LUG NUTS CAN CAUSE THE
and inspected – inside and out – by a qualified tire technician. Driving on a
WHEEL TO SEPARATE FROM THE WHEEL
tire that is 20 percent or more underinflated can cause serious, permanent
MOUNTING SURFACE DURING OPERATION,
damage to the tire that may not be visible. Only a qualified technician can
CAUSING PROPERTY DAMAGE, PERSONAL
tell if the tire is safe for continued use. Tires with internal damage from
INJURY, OR LOSS OF LIFE.
underinflation can fail catastrophically and without warning, a serious safety
hazard.
Proper wheel nut torque is very important to safe and dependable
trailering. The wheel and axle systems used in travel trailers and fifth wheels
are similar, yet different, in many ways to those used on cars and trucks.
Keep everything straight
These differences are important and require special attention to wheel nut
torque both while the trailer is new and throughout the trailer’s life.
Just as you align the wheels on your car, it’s a good idea to check the
alignment of the wheels on your trailer. If tires don’t track together
properly, they can wear too fast or wear unevenly. Your RV dealer can help Trailer wheels must carry much higher loads per wheel than passenger car
you with alignment issues. If you have a tire that is wearing unevenly, or or truck wheels. Each wheel may carry 1000 pounds and higher.
one tire that is wearing faster than another in an equivalent position, it may Furthermore, wheels on tandem axle trailers do not steer, and are subjected
be a sign of some kind of misalignment, and you should check it. Once the to very high side load stress whenever the trailer makes a tight turn. When
uneven wear has begun, however, you may be able to extend the life of the you go around corners, especially slow, tight ones, the wheels on your
tire by moving it to a position where the wear will be counteracted, or to a trailer are subjected to these strong side loads. This tends to flex the wheel
position where the wear will be slower. If you move a tire to a new
and gradually loosen the wheel nuts. Although the materials and
position, be sure the inflation pressure is correct for the new position.
manufacturing methods are maximized for this kind of service, these extra
loads can cause stress, which can result in flexing and loosening of wheel
nuts.
Tire Changing Basics
Use emergency flares when near a road or highway.
Before each trip and any time a wheel is replaced, be sure to tighten the
wheel nuts, following the sequence shown in the relevant lug pattern
below. Set the torque specification in three stages as seen in the chart
Block the wheels on the opposite side from the tire you wish to change to
below. If the wheel was replaced, check the torque every 50 miles of the
prevent accidental movement.
first 200 miles of travel.
Position a hydraulic jack on the frame close to the spring hanger. (Never
attempt to use a stabilizer jack to lift the unit)
NEVER USE A STABILIZER JACK TO RAISE THE
UNIT. ONLY USE AN APPROPRIATELY RATED
HYDRAULIC JACK.
1.
Loosen the Lug Nuts
2.
Raise the trailer until the tire clears the ground.
3.
Remove the Lug Nuts and remove the tire.
4.
Install the spare tire and install the lug nuts until the wheel is tight
against the hub.
5.
Lower the trailer.
6.
Torque the lug nuts following the Wheel Nut Torque Procedure
in this manual.
7.
Recheck the torque every 50 miles for the first 200 miles.
IT IS CRITICAL THAT THE WHEELS BE PROPERLY
TORQUED EVERY 50 MILES DURING THE FIRST
200 MILES OF ROAD OPERATION. ALTHOUGH
THE WHEELS HAVE BEEN PROPERLY TORQUED
BEFORE LEAVING THE MANUFACTURING PLANT,
SETTLING AND WEARING IN OF COMPONENTS
DURING THE FIRST FEW MILES OF OPERATION
MAY CAUSE SOME LOOSENING OF THE WHEEL
NUTS.
If you notice wheel wobbling or hear a rattling sound coming from a
wheel, especially at low speeds, a wheel lug nut may have come loose. This
problem is usually caused by improper tightening or by faulty or damaged
18
lug bolt threads. If you have a reason to believe a lug nut has come loose,
safely stop the vehicle at the side of the road as soon as possible. Put up HITCHING
warning devices. Remove the lug caps and check the tightness of all the lug
nuts. Tighten all lug nuts to the specified torque, using a torque wrench. If
AN IMPROPERLY COUPLED TRAILER
lug stud threads are damaged or faulty, get professional service help.
RESULT IN DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY.
CAN
USE OF A TOW VEHICLE WITH A TOWING
CAPACITY LESS THAN THE LOAD RATING OF THE
TRAILER CAN RESULT IN LOSS OF CONTROL,
AND MAY LEAD TO DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY.
DO NOT TOW THE TRAILER WITH MISSING LUG
NUTS OR FAULTY LUG BOLTS.
Wheel Compatibility
Be sure your hitch and tow vehicle are rated for the Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating (GVWR) of your trailer. Be sure the hitch load rating is equal to or
greater than the load rating of the coupler. Be sure the hitch size matches
the coupler size. Observe the hitch for wear, corrosion and cracks before
coupling. Replace worn, corroded or cracked hitch components before
coupling the trailer to the tow vehicle. Be sure the hitch components are
Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc installs axle systems with hubs and drums
tight before coupling the trailer to the tow vehicle.
that are compatible with many wheels used in the recreational vehicle
industry that have matching bolt patterns. If the original manufacturer
Hooking up your trailer will become quite simple to you after a little
installed equipment is in need of replacement, the wheel manufacturer
should be contacted for proof of compatibility prior to replacement and practice and following these step-by-step instructions.
use.
IMPROPERLY MATCHED WHEELS AND TIRES
MAY FAIL AND CAUSE PROPERTY DAMAGE,
SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY, OR LOSS OF LIFE
Customers replacing original equipment that has not been tested for
compatibility must ensure the replacements are compatible to the hub and
drum assembly installed. Such elements of compatibility include, but are
not limited to:
•
Diameter of the hub-mounting surface.
•
Stud length and diameter.
•
Location and number of studs.
•
Center hole diameter for the wheel.
•
Wheel mounting offset from the rim center.
•
Rated capacity of the wheel.
•
Wheel fastener torque.
•
Wheel nut size and shape.
Hitching a Travel Trailer
THE PROPER SELECTION AND CONDITION OF
THE COUPLER AND HITCH IS ESSENTIAL TO THE
SAFE TOWING OF YOUR TRAILER. A LOSS OF
COUPLING MAY RESULT IN DEATH OR SERIOUS
INJURY.
BE SURE THE HITCH LOAD RATING IS EQUAL TO OR
GREATER THAN THE LOAD RATING OF THE COUPLER.
BE SURE THE HITCH SIZE MATCHES THE COUPLER SIZE.
OBSERVE THE HITCH FOR WEAR, CORROSION AND
CRACKS BEFORE COUPLING. REPLACE WORN,
CORRODED OR CRACKED HITCH COMPONENTS BEFORE
COUPLING THE TRAILER TO THE TOW VEHICLE.
BE SURE THE HITCH COMPONENTS ARE TIGHT BEFORE
COUPLING THE TRAILER TO THE TOW VEHICLE.
Impact of any added wheel accessories (such as decorative center caps) that
could affect proper seating of the wheel to the hub surface.
Certain tests are recommended by the manufacturer(s) of factory installed
equipment, such as the cornering fatigue test based on SAE J1095/SAE
J267 and field tests, are recommended for all wheels and rims to be
installed in place of original factory equipment. Contact the wheel
manufacturer to verify compatibility with the factory installed equipment
prior to replacement.
19
1.
Crank the tongue of the trailer jack up until the hitch coupler is
high enough to clear the tow vehicle.
2.
Back the tow vehicle to the trailer until the hitch ball is directly
under the coupler on the trailer.
3.
Set the parking brakes, raise the locking latch on the coupler &
crank it down on the ball.
4.
Move the locking latch down to lock it on the ball.
5.
Engage the lock and the retainer clip.
6.
Raise the tongue by cranking the jack down. (The tow vehicle
will come up with it if the high coupler is properly latched.)
7.
FIFTH-WHEEL HITCH EXTENDERS (ALSO CALLED
'GOOSENECK TONGUE ADAPTERS') ARE NOT TO
BE USED WITH DUTCHMEN MANUFACTURED
FIFTH-WHEEL TRAILERS. USE OF A HITCH
EXTENDING DEVICE MAY CAUSE STRUCTURAL
DAMAGE TO THE TRAILER PIN BOX ASSEMBLY OR
CHASSIS. DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE USE OF A
HITCH EXTENDING DEVICE IS NOT COVERED
UNDER THE BUMPER TO HITCH WARRANTY."
Fasten Safety chains to frame of tow vehicle. Do not fasten
chains to any part of the hitch unless the hitch has holes or loops
specifically for that purpose. Cross chains underneath hitch and
coupler with enough slack to permit turning and to hold tongue
up, if the trailer comes loose.
IMPROPER RIGGING OF THE SAFETY CHAINS
CAN RESULT IN LOSS OF CONTROL OF THE
TRAILER AND TOW VEHICLE, LEADING TO DEATH
OR SERIOUS INJURY, IF THE TRAILER
UNCOUPLES FROM THE TOW VEHICLE.
1. Adjust trailer jacks until trailer is at level for hooking to the fifth
wheel.
2. Place wheel chocks behind trailer wheels.
8.
3. Lower tailgate on truck.
Connect the breakaway switch, assuring the breakaway cable is
not attached to any part of the tow vehicle hitch assembly.
4. Release 5th wheel lock handle.
DO NOT CONNECT THE BREAKAWAY SWITCH
LANYARD TO THE HITCH BALL OR ANY
REMOVABLE PART OF THE HITCH.
5. Line up truck so 5th wheel will accept trailer kingpin.
6. Back truck slowly until kingpin engages the 5th wheel and
automatically locks
9.
Crank the jack all the way up.
7. .Make sure lock is closed.
10. Install and adjust side mirrors.
8. Connect power cord between tow vehicle and the trailer.
11. Check all lights on the trailer and tow vehicle.
9. Connect breakaway switch cable.
12. Pull forward and check the operation of the trailer brakes with
the hand control to assure proper operation. (Refer to
manufacturer specifications on setting the brake control.
DO NOT CONNECT THE BREAKAWAY SWITCH
LANYARD TO ANY REMOVABLE PART OF THE
HITCH
If aftermarket equalizer hitch bars are attached, see manufacturer’s
instructions.
10.
Check 5th wheel lock, brakes and lights.
Safety Chains
11.
Completely raise trailer jacks.
12. Pick up and store wheel chocks.
IMPROPER RIGGING OF THE SAFETY CHAINS
CAN RESULT IN LOSS OF CONTROL OF THE
TRAILER AND TOW VEHICLE, LEADING TO DEATH
OR SERIOUS INJURY, IF THE TRAILER
BREAKAWAY SWITCH
UNCOUPLES FROM THE TOW VEHICLE.
Always use safety chains when towing. They maintain the ball connection
between the travel trailer and tow vehicle in the event of separation of the
ball and trailer coupling. Safety chains are included with every travel trailer
and, in most states, are required when towing a travel trailer. Attach chain
to the designated wing areas on the right and left of the hitch ball, crossing
them under the trailers tongue. Inspect the length of the chains once
attached to the tow vehicle frame. They should be long enough to allow
for turns, but short enough to avoid any drag.
Hitching a Fifth Wheel Trailer
DO NOT TOW A TRAILER WITH A
MALFUNCTIONING BREAKAWAY SWITCH. DO
NOT LEAVE THE PULL PIN OUT OF THE
BREAKAWAY SWITCH FOR MORE THAN A FEW
MINUTES, OR THE BATTERY WILL BE DRAINED.
DO NOT USE THE BREAKAWAY SWITCH FOR A
PARKING BRAKE.
The breakaway switch is designed to work in the event separation occurs
between the tow vehicle and the RV while on the road. As separation
20
occurs, the pin is pulled from the switch. A circuit from the trailer battery
to the RV brakes becomes closed, and activation of the trailer brakes
results. Do not let the lanyard, which is connected to the pin, drag upon
the ground. Inspect the condition of the lanyard prior to travel. As well,
since the breakaway safety feature operates on the trailer battery, insure the
battery is fully charged and the terminals are clean. Testing the switch prior
to traveling is recommended (See Below). If a problem is noted, or if the
switch fails during testing, please call your dealer.
HOW TO TEST THE BREAKAWAY SWITCH
•
Disconnect the power cord from the RV to the Tow Vehicle.
•
Pull the lanyard pin out to the first stage.
•
Brakes should audibly engage.
•
Double check by moving the tow vehicle forward slightly to be
sure the RV brakes have locked and are operating correctly.
7-PIN PLUG
A 7-pin plug supplies the electrical connection between the tow vehicle and
the recreational vehicle. This plug connects into a receptacle on the tow BRAKES, ELECTRIC
unit to allow operation of the recreational vehicle’s marker lights, taillights,
brake lights and electric brakes. A charge line from the tow unit’s alternator The components manual contains an extensive manual by the
is also run to this receptacle, which allows charging to the RV battery.
manufacturer of the brakes, axles, hubs and drums. Please refer to this
manual for information of any of these systems.
Maintaining the 7-Pin plug requires little effort. Store safely when not in
use and clean the prongs as needed. Please see your dealer if repair work is
necessary.
21
Adjusting the Brakes
Proper weight and load distribution is absolutely essential to safe towing. It
is necessary to maintain a certain percentage of gross vehicle weight on the
Brakes should be adjusted after the first 200 miles of operation and every tow vehicle. Common recommendations place approximately 10% to 15%
of a loaded weight on a travel trailer hitch and approximately 20 to 25% on
3,000 miles thereafter. Adjust the brakes as follows using a standard
a fifth wheel pin weight, as the weight comes out of the tow vehicle
automotive brake tool.
payload capacity. Too much or too little weight upon the hitch leads to
dangerous driving conditions such as sway and reduced tow vehicle
Remove the rubber plug from the adjustment hole at the base of the brake control. In no circumstance should the loaded weight ever exceed the
drum backing plate.
GVWR or the GAWR.
Raise the wheel of the ground. Place the jack under the axle only.
Whenever possible, place heavy articles in storage compartments which are
low and near the axles for better weight distribution.
With the adjusting tool, turn the adjusting screw while spinning the wheel.
When the wheel begins to drag heavily, back off the just enough for the Pack articles carefully in the storage compartments to minimize shifting. If
wheel to spin freely.
necessary, use straps to prevent movement.
Replace the adjustment hole plug. Lower the wheel, remove the jack, and Be sure liquid containers are capped and cannot spill. Secure all glass
repeat the sequence for the other wheel.
containers and dishes before traveling.
Braking Tips
Secure all free standing furniture.
Never use the trailer brakes alone for extended periods. They were
designed to stop the trailer, not the tow vehicle. Such use places excessive Exterior storage containers may not be watertight in all climate conditions.
Carry any articles which could be damaged by water inside the trailer.
loads on the brake causing overheating, fading, and premature wear of
magnets, brake shoe linings, and drums.
OUTSIDE STORAGE COMPARTMENTS ARE NOT
SEALED. THEY ARE VENTED ENCLOSURES, AND ARE
ACCESSIBLE FROM INSIDE THE TRAILER. THEREFORE,
DO NOT STORE FLAMMABLE, VOLATILE LIQUIDS,
HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS, OR EQUIPMENT IN THESE
AREAS.
Never use the tow vehicle brakes alone. The added weight of your trailer
more than doubles the load placed on the vehicle’s brakes, with the same
results as using trailer brakes alone. Driving control is also severely affected
when tow vehicle brakes are used alone, due to the force of the trailer
pushing against the tow vehicle. This is especially true on slippery
pavement or loose gravel, and “jackknifing” can occur.
Always use the automatic brake controller. The synchronized braking
TOWING YOUR TRAILER
system enables you to drive in a safe manner with both hands on the
steering wheel. If the brake controller is properly adjusted there will be a
Running Lights
slight “lead” on the trailer brakes. This braking resistance combined with
the tow vehicle’s engine pulling power, will help keep the tow vehicle and
Check all electrical connections to ensure all lights on the tow vehicle and
the trailer correctly aligned and help bring them to a safe, straight stop.
travel trailer are functioning properly. The break lights, hazards and turn
signals should be in synchronization with the tow vehicle.
LOADING YOUR TRAILER
DO NOT TRANSPORT PEOPLE INSIDE THE
TRAILERS. THE TRANSPORT OF PEOPLE PUTS
THEIR LIVES AT RISK AND MAY BE ILLEGAL.
Mirrors
Adjust the mirrors on the tow vehicle prior to departure. Having someone
to assist you will make this safety step quick and easy.
Line up the tow vehicle and trailer.
AN OVERLOADED TRAILER CAN RESULT IN LOSS Sit in the driver’s seat and adjust the left mirror to where you can see the
OF CONTROL OF THE TRAILER, LEADING TO
entire left side of the trailer and well beyond.
DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY.
While still sitting in the driver’s seat, have someone adjust the right mirror
DO NOT EXCEED THE TRAILER GROSS VEHICLE until the same result is achieved.
WEIGHT RATING (GVWR) OR AN AXLE GROSS
AXLE WEIGHT RATING (GAWR).
22
Towing
ALWAYS
TOWING
Aim straight down your lane.
CHECK THE FOLLOWING BEFORE Conserve Fuel. You'll go farther on a tank of gas at moderate speeds.
Higher speeds increase wind resistance against the trailer and reduce your
gas mileage significantly.
•
TV ANTENNA IS DOWN AND IN THE CORRECT
POSITION. ALL PARK CONNECTIONS ARE
DISCONNECTED & STORED.
•
DOORS, WINDOWS, & AWNINGS ARE CLOSED &
SECURED.
•
•
Avoid Sudden Stops and Starts. This can cause skidding, sliding, or
jackknifing, even if your trailer has brakes. Avoid quick stops while turning.
Smooth, gradual starts and stops will improve your gas mileage.
Signal Your Intentions. Let surrounding vehicles know what you intend
to do well before you stop, turn, change lanes, or pass.
Shift to a Lower Gear. A lower gear will help ease the load on the
ENTRY STEP IS RETURNED TO TRAVEL POSITION. transmission and engine when going over steep hills, sand, gravel, or dirt
roads. If your tow vehicle has an "overdrive" gear, shifting out of overdrive
to a lower gear may improve your gas mileage.
TERMINATION VALVES ARE CLOSED & LOCKED.
As a motorist sharing the road, you are taller, heavier, longer and require
more time and distance to stop. Weather and road conditions will require
adjustments to speed. Anticipate dips, gutters, and depressions in the road,
slowing down well in advance, as these are the hardest jolts of any kind on
your vehicle, hitch, recreational vehicle and items stored inside the unit.
Take dips and bumps slowly and be certain the trailer wheels have passed
the point before accelerating.
Always Be Courteous. Make it as easy as possible for faster-moving
vehicles to pass you. Keep to the right of the road and prepare to slow
down if passing vehicles need extra time to return to their proper lane.
Don't Tailgate. Allow at least one car and trailer length between you and
the vehicle ahead for each 10 mph on your speedometer. Three seconds
should be the minimum distance.
With a trailer in tow, you're operating a vehicle combination that's longer, If a Problem Occurs: Don't panic. Stay cool. Say you experience a
heavier - sometimes wider and taller - than you're used to. So you'll have to sudden bumping or fishtailing. It may indicate a flat tire. Don't jam on the
make some compensating adjustments in your normal driving practices. brakes or mash the accelerator in an attempt to drive out of it. Instead,
come to a stop slowly as you keep driving in as straight a line as possible. If
conditions permit, coast to a very slow speed and try to avoid braking,
Take a "Shakedown Cruise": At least one short trial run before your except when your wheels are straight ahead and your trailer and tow vehicle
first trip will help. Familiarize you with your trailer's operating
are in line with each other.
characteristics. It also will let you know that the lights, brakes, hitch, etc.,
are working properly.
If your trailer begins to fishtail as you accelerate to highway speed, back off
the accelerator a bit. This should stop the fishtailing. If it begins again as
Slow Down. Moderate to slow speeds put less strain on your car and
you increase speed, stop and check your load. It probably isn't distributed
trailer.
evenly from side to side, or it's too far back to put a sufficient load on the
hitch ball. It is recommended that from 10 to 15% of the trailer load be on
the hitch. Redistribute the load as necessity dictates before continuing.
Allow Extra Time and Space. You'll need both when passing and
stopping, especially if your trailer has no brakes.
Backing Up
Check Rear View Mirrors. Checking them frequently will let you know
Place your hand at the bottom of the steering wheel. To turn the trailer to
that your trailer is riding properly. We recommend outside rear view
the left, move your hand to the left, turning the steering wheel clockwise.
mirrors on both sides of your tow vehicle.
To turn the trailer to the right, move your hand to the right, turning the
steering wheel counterclockwise. Your tow vehicle should go the opposite
Swing Wider. You need to make wider swings at curves and corners
way that you want the trailer to turn. In time and with a little practice, you
because your trailer's wheels are closer to the inside of a turn than the
will be able to back your trailer with little effort. Always be aware that you
wheels of your car or truck.
have poor visibility to the rear. Have someone stand outside at the rear of
the trailer to guide you.
Pass with Extra Care. It takes more time and distance to get around a
slower vehicle and return to the right lane when you've got a trailer in tow.
Passing
Watch the Wind. To avoid swaying, be prepared for sudden changes in
air pressure and wind buffeting when larger vehicles pass from either
direction. Slow down a bit and keep a firm hold on your steering wheel.
Remember when you pass another vehicle, it takes longer to accelerate and
additional time must be allowed due to the added length of the trailer.
Passing should be done on level terrain and downshift, if necessary for
23
added acceleration. Whenever deciding to pass another vehicle, exercise
caution and always use the turn signals.
Sharply Winding and Narrow Roads
the trailer wheels on the down roadside.
Level Towing
Having the tow vehicle and recreational vehicle level with each other will
Keep well to the center of the lane, equally away from both the centerline help improve tow ability as well as safe driving. A hitch that is too low can
cause the front to drag. A hitch that is too high can cause the rear to hit
and pavement edge. This allows the trailer to clear the edge of the
pavement without the likelihood of the wheels dropping onto the shoulder, those high spots in the road.
causing potential dangerous sway. Do not overcrowd or cross the centerline.
SETTING UP YOUR TRAILER
All sharp turns should be taken at low speeds. Professional drivers, when
rounding turns, slow down well in advance of the turn, entering it at
reduced speed, and then accelerate smoothly as they come out again into Leveling and Stabilization
the straightaway.
Leveling of your trailer at the site is important. A level trailer is not only
necessary for comfort but your refrigerator must be reasonably level in
order to operate properly. Additionally, slide out rooms, doors and
Steep or Long Grades
windows may bind if the unit is not level. Stabilization is recommended to
keep the trailer from jouncing while unhitched when people are moving
Down shifting into a lower gear or range in advance assists braking on
inside the trailer.
descents and adds power on the climb. Avoid situations that require
excessive and prolonged use of the brakes. Apply and release brakes at
short intervals to give them a chance to cool.
Leveling Your Travel Trailer
Slippery Pavement
On slippery and icy pavement, reduce speed and drive slowly.
Hydroplaning can occur with little water on the pavement. If skidding
begins, remove your foot from the throttle and gently apply the trailer
brakes only.
Freeways and Highways
Try to pick the lane in which you want to move and stay in it, preferably
keeping to the slower lane on the right.
Turning Corners
Choose a site that is level as possible (some sites are equipped with a
prepared surface such as concrete or asphalt.) Ensure the ground is not
soft and will support the weight of the trailer on the stabilizing jacks or
other support devices.
Before uncoupling, level the trailer from side to side with suitable lengths
of 2” x 6” wood blocks under the trailer wheels. Place the wood blocks on
the ground forward of the wheels, and tow the trailer onto the blocks.
Block the wheels to be sure the trailer cannot roll.
Put the foot pad on the hitch jack post, when applicable, uncouple the
trailer from the tow vehicle and level the trailer front to rear. It may be
necessary to place a sturdy 2” x 6” wood block under the jack post or foot
pad, if applicable, to support the jack post on soft ground surfaces.
Here is where you find a first basic difference when towing. The trailer
wheels do not follow the path of your tow vehicle’s wheels. The trailer will Check the level of the trailer with a carpenter’s level both crosswise and
make a closer turn than the tow vehicle. Compensate by pulling farther
lengthwise on the trailer floor. Use stabilizer jacks or jack stands to
into the intersection so that the trailer will clear the curb or clear any parked eliminate sway when persons move about inside.
vehicles along the road. Left turns require a wider than normal swing into
the new lane of traffic to keep the trailer from edging into the opposing
lane. Use the turn signals early to communicate to traffic behind and slow
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO USE JACKS STANDS OR
down well in advance.
STABILIZER JACKS TO JACK UP THE TRAILER OR
SUPPORT THE FULL WEIGHT OF THE TRAILER.
Mud and Sand
After stabilizing the trailer, be sure the trailer frame is not twisted, buckled,
Let the momentum of the tow vehicle and trailer carry you through. Apply
or stressed. Check that all doors and windows operate freely and do not
power gently and stay in the tracks of the previous vehicle. If stuck, tow the
bind. Before resuming travel, be sure all stabilizers are removed or fully
trailer and tow vehicle out together without unhitching.
retracted.
Parking
SLIDE OUTS: In extended use situations, it is advisable to add
support blocks under the slide room. Do not raise the room, but just
Whenever possible avoid parking on a grade with a recreational vehicle in touch the bottom. Also, during prolonged stays it is advisable to run
tow. If it is necessary, turn the front wheels of your tow vehicle into the the room in and out occasionally to ensure proper lubrication.
curb and set the parking brake. For added safely, place wheel chocks under
24
Leveling Your Fifth Wheel Trailer
Dependent upon the type (Travel Trailer / Fifth Wheel), product and
model purchased, the stabilizer jacks included will vary. Although stabilizer
jacks come in different types and sizes, all perform the same function: To
stabilize the front and rear of all recreational vehicles while parked for
camping.
Choose a site that is level as possible (some sites are equipped with a
prepared surface such as concrete or asphalt.) Ensure the ground is not
soft and will support the weight of the trailer on the stabilizing jacks or
other support devices.
Always park the recreational vehicle on level ground and use tire chocks. It
is extremely important to first, level the trailer front and rear using the
Before uncoupling, level the trailer from side to side with suitable lengths
tongue jack (travel trailers) or landing gear (fifth wheels). Then, using the
of 2” x 6” wood blocks under the trailer wheels. Place the wood blocks on
crank for the particular stabilizer jack, lower the jack(s) on the lowest side
the ground forward of the wheels, and tow the trailer onto the blocks.
of the trailer first and check the level. Adjust if necessary and then lower
Block the wheels to be sure the trailer cannot roll.
the other jack(s) to finish stabilizing the trailer.
Lower the “quick drop” front landing gear legs before extending the
landing gear. The positioning of the “quick drop” legs will depend upon
how level your campsite is from side to side and front to rear. The landing
gear is then extended either mechanically (hand crank) or by the optional
power motor. It may be necessary to place a sturdy 2” x 6” wood block
under the foot pads to support the landing gear on soft ground surfaces.
DO NOT OPERATE THE POWER LANDING GEAR WITH
CRANK HANDLE ENGAGED.
Slide Out Systems
This section focuses on the Slide Out System. The information contained
in this chapter is to provide general information on these systems. Full
manufacturer product information and specific information on the slide
out system installed, can be found in the Separate Component’s Manual.
Check the level of the trailer with a carpenter’s level both crosswise and
lengthwise on the floor. Use stabilizer jacks or jacks stands to eliminate
sway when persons move about inside
General Tips Concerning Slide Rooms
NEVER EXTEND A SLIDE-OUT ROOM UNLESS
THE TRAILER IS COMPLETELY LEVEL. THIS PUTS
ADDITIONAL STRAIN ON THE SLIDE OUT
MECHANISM AND MAY DAMAGE THE TRAILER.
STABILIZER JACKS SHOULD BE USED ON ALL
TRAILERS WITH SLIDE OUT ROOMS.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO USE JACKS STANDS OR
STABILIZER JACKS TO JACK UP THE TRAILER OR
SUPPORT THE FULL WEIGHT OF THE TRAILER.
After stabilizing the trailer, be sure the trailer frame is not twisted, buckled,
or stressed. Check that all doors and windows operate freely and do not
bind.
Ensure that your batteries are properly maintained and fully charged to
avoid problems associated with low voltage. Limit the amount of 12-volt
Before resuming travel, be sure all stabilizers are removed or fully retracted lights and appliances in use when operating slide rooms.
SLIDE OUTS: In extended use situations, it is advisable to add
support blocks under the slide room. Do not raise the room, but just
touch the bottom. Also, during prolonged stays it is advisable to run
the room in and out occasionally to ensure proper lubrication.
The recreational vehicle must be level to avoid binding the slide rooms.
Remember, leveling jacks are not capable of supporting the weight of the
vehicle! They are intended only to stabilize the unit maintaining a level
condition. Unleveled conditions cause sticking situations providing
damaging strains on the slide out mechanism.
Operational instructions for the specific type of stabilizer jack installed are
located in the unit information package. Please read all manufacturer’s
Weather and atmospheric conditions will in time cause rubber to
instructions and safety messages.
deteriorate. The seals around slide rooms should be regularly inspected and
replaced at the first sign of a problem. This maintenance is the owner’s
responsibility and is not covered beyond the terms of the unit warranty.
Jacks and Stabilizers
Slide room adjustments and leveling are owner responsibility, which are
AFTER MARKET STABILIZER STANDS MUST BE
not included in the warranty of your recreational vehicle. Professional setup
PLACED ONLY UNDER CHASSIS FRAME RAILS. and, adjustment, regular maintenance and replacement of weathered seals
STABILIZER JACKS ON TRAILERS WITH SLIDE
will greatly extend the life of the unit. Weathered seals, which are allowed
ROOMS SHOULD NOT BE PLACED AT EXTREME to remain in service after deterioration will allow rain, snow, or ice to
CORNERS OF THE FRAME. LOCATING
penetrate the roof and walls and will cause extensive damage. Inspect the
STABILIZERS IN THESE LOCATIONS CAN CAUSE seals twice a year and look closely for signs of cracking or damage.
SLIDE ROOM DAMAGE SHOULD LEVELING
BLOCKS SHIFT OR SETTLE. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO
When operating the slide out system, it is recommended that the moving
LEVEL, RAISE OR OTHERWISE PLACE ALL OF
parts be kept clean, especially when operating in harsh climates or
THE WEIGHT OF THE TRAILER ON THE
25
environments. Road salt, ice, sand, and salt water climates are examples of
such conditions. The moving parts can be washed with a mild soap and
water solution. Slide out care does not require any grease or lubrication.
Use of any grease or lubrication may affect the long term dependability of
the system.
During extended travel stays, move the room in and out once or twice a
week to help keep the seals and internal moving parts lubricated. During
long-term storage periods, it is advised to have the room retracted.
MANUAL SLIDE-OUT SYSTEM
To extend the slide-out room, remove the lock pin assemblies and push
the slide-out room out to its extended position. Use the lock pin assemblies
to secure the room. To retract the slide-out room, remove the lock pin
assemblies and pull the slide-out room back to the stowed position. Use
the lock pin assemblies to secure the room
SLIDE ROOM SET UP AND ADJUSTMENTS
Slide-out room set up, and adjustments are a normal part of maintenance
which is not covered by the warranty. Professional set up, adjustment,
regular maintenance, and replacement of weather seals as soon as required
will extend the life and usefulness of the slide-out room. Weather seals
which are allowed to remain in service after deterioration may allow water
to penetrate inside the walls or roof causing extensive damage. Use a high
quality silicone dressing on the weather seals to keep them flexible and to
See unit information packet for manufacturer operational instructions for prevent them from sticking.
the model installed.
Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc is committed to the process of continual
product development. If the slide system installed is different than
described on the following pages, please refer to the manuals included in
the unit packet. Questions on the slide out unit installed may be answered
by contacting Dutchmen Customer Service.
SLIDE OUTS: In extended use situations, it is advisable to add
BUNK TENT ROOMS
support blocks under the slide room. Do not raise the room, but just
touch the bottom. Also, during prolonged stays it is advisable to run Set Up
the room in and out occasionally to ensure proper lubrication.
From the inside, remove the cushions from the bunk wall.
Power Slide Room Systems
From the outside, release the latch assemblies; open the bunk from the top
The electric slide out system uses a 12-volt DC motor to power the rack & by pulling it down to a horizontal level.
pinion style system room(s). Electricity for the motor assembly is supplied
by the trailer battery. Normal operation is performed by pressing the wall
Install the support tubes, slide the tent canvas out, secure the canvas to the
mounted slide out switch to extend or retract the room.
platform on all three sides, and put the tension rafters and bow rafters in
place.
Electrical maintenance
Reverse the procedure to close the bunks, making sure they are secure.
Electrical maintenance is also essential to the smooth operation of the slide
out system. Full battery current and voltage is essential for optimum
Before the bunks are folded up the tent canvas must be dry and free of
performance. Regularly check the terminals of the battery, the control
moisture. If they are not completely dry when folded up for transit, reopen
switch and the motor. Look for signs of any corrosion or loose or
damaged terminals and connections from environmental conditions as well the bunks and let the canvas air out indoors or during dry weather as soon
as possible.
as, road debris and vibration.
Condensation may collect in the form of water droplets on the inside
surfaces of the tent canvas. This is particularly true as the evenings get
cooler and the heater is used in the trailer. Improving air circulation by
The slide out system comes with a manual override system. This optionopening a window, operating a fan, or a dehumidifier will help to improve
can be utilized in case of power interruption or system failure. Detailed this condition.
instructions on using this option can be found in the manual for this slide
out system located in the Separate Components Manual. Some slide
systems are not equipped with a manual override.
Manual Override
REAR DOOR/LOADING RAMP
OPERATION (SRV Models)
MANUAL CRANK SLIDE ROOM SYSTEM
The following steps should be taken in operating the door to prevent injury
To operate the hand crank, first locate the shaft for the crank handle. It can or damage.
be found on the exterior near the bottom center of the slide-out room.
Place the crank handle over the shaft and turn the handle clockwise to
THE MAXIMUM CARGO CAPACITY OF THE REAR
retract or counterclockwise to extend the slide-out room.
DOOR/LOADING RAMP IS 1500 LBS.
26
OF HIGHER CURRENT RATING THAN THOSE
ORIGINALLY INSTALLED. THIS COULD OVERHEAT
THE WIRING AND START A FIRE.
THE MAXIMUM CARGO CAPACITY FOR EACH TIE
DOWN POINT IN THE CARGO AREA IS 500 LBS
120 VOLT SYSTEM (ALSO REFERRED TO AS 110VA/
C)
DO NOT LOAD POWER EQUIPMENT (IE:
MOTORCYLES, ATV,ETC..) BY RIDING THEM UP
THE RAMP DOOR. LOSS OF CONTROL COULD
CAUSE SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY.
The 120 Volt system is supplied by plugging the power cord (shore cord)
into a 120 Volt source. It furnishes current to the 120 Volt appliances and
fixtures like the roof air conditioners, the refrigerator, lighting and all 110V
receptacles. It also supplies power for the 12-volt trailer system through the
converter.
Select a parking sight where the edge of the rear door/loading ramp will
rest entirely on a flat, level surface.
Level and stabilize the trailer.
The A/C circuits are protected by circuit breakers and can handle from 15
to 30 Amps depending upon the circuit. The most common cause of a
circuit breaker to open is an overloaded circuit. An example of an
Unlock the rear door /loading ramp and carefully lower it to the ground.
overloaded circuit is when a space heater is plugged into the same outlet as
the toaster. If this happens, reduce the load on the circuit and reset the
Use caution in loading and unloading items from the cargo area so as not breaker.
to damage the door seals.
Make certain that the door seals and hinge area are free of any debris, such
as sand or snow before closing the rear door/loading ramp.
GFCI – (Ground Fault) Circuit Interrupter
THIS DEVICE PROTECTS AGAINST FAULT
CURRENTS ONLY. IT DOES NOT PROTECT
AGAINST OVER CURRENT.
Inspect the hinges, assist springs, and latch mechanism before each trip for
signs of wear or damage, and make any needed repairs for safe operation
and towing.
Bathroom, kitchen and exterior receptacles are protected by a highly
sensitive device, known as a “Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter”, which is
designed to sense the slightest electrical “short” at those receptacles and
instantly disconnect the current before a person can be injured.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
The electrical system in recreational trailer is a combination 12 Volt (Direct
Current) and 120 Volt (Alternating Current) systems. Every facet of the
Even with the protection of a GFCI, electrical shock may be felt but be of
electrical system is carefully engineered and installed to comply with the
less than normally dangerous duration, except for persons with heart
“American National Standard #A119.2” and the “National Electric Code.”
problems or other conditions that make them particularly susceptible to
To understand this system, simply put, the 12 Volt system is what an
injury or death from electrical shock. While the GFCI affords a degree of
automotive uses and the 120 Volt system is what most houses use.
protection not previously available, there is no substitute for remembering
that ELECTRICITY CAN BE DANGEROUS WHEN HANDLED
CARELESSLY OR MISUSED AND CAN CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY
12 VOLT SYSTEM-DC
OR DEATH.
The 12 Volt system can be powered in three different ways: a separate RV
battery, the converter changing 120V A/C to 12V D/C or by the tow
vehicle’s 12-Volt system. The water pump, certain lights, power vents, and
Testing
other appliances are powered by the 12-Volt system.
The GFI receptacle should be tested at least once a month or prior to
every trip. To test the GFI, push the TEST button. The RESET button
will pop out. Power is now off at all outlets protected by the GFI
receptacle. Push in the RESET button in to restore power. The test is
complete when the reset button remains pushed in.
The heart of the 12-Volt system is the battery. Batteries are essentially
storage devices for electrical energy. Most batteries used in RV’s are RV/
Marine Deep Cycle, Lead-Acid types. These batteries contain lead plates
and liquid sulfuric acid electrolytes in sections called cells.
Water is lost from the electrolyte whenever a battery discharges energy or is
recharged. The level of the electrolyte must stay above the plate in each If the RESET button does not pop out when testing, the GFI is
cell. Many premature battery failures occur because the electrolyte level wasmalfunctioning and no outlets should be used on this circuit, as protection
not maintained. For battery maintenance & storage information refer to is lost. Call your dealer if the GFI malfunctions.
the Care & Maintenance Section.
NEVER REPLACE CIRCUIT BREAKERS OR FUSES
27
POWER CORD / SHORE CORD
If the RV has 50 Amp service, the power cord will have 4 prongs, unlike
the 3 pronged cord of a 30 Amp power cord. The four pronged cord is
capable of running up to 50 amps of draw. 50 Amp service is also 120 Volt
EXTREME CARE SHOULD BE USED IF ADAPTER service, however, it retains unique properties. With the 30 Amp plug, only
PLUGS ARE ADDED. POLARITY MUST BE
one prong carries the 120 V power. With the 50 Amp plug, two of the four
CHECKED BEFORE CONNECTING THE PLUG.
plugs carry 120Volt, allowing for the ability to set up power needs
NEVER USE AN ADAPTER UNLESS AN
according to appliance application. As such, a unit built with two air
ADDITIONAL GROUND IS PROVIDED, PARK
conditioners, can run both at the same time if they are routed on different
MANAGEMENT IS CONSULTED, AND POLARITY IS feeds, while running other appliances commonly used within an RV.
CHECKED.
The power cord, often referred to as shore cord or shoreline, is a heavyduty cable with a 3 or 4 prong grounding plug on one end and connects
directly to the power converter inside the unit on the other end. This cord
is used to plug into an external 120V source. Most cords are typically 30
Amp (3 prong), although certain components or ordered options on some
units will require a 50 Amp (4 prong-plug).
PLUGGING IN TO CAMPGROUNDS
Campground electrical service varies. Make no assumptions when hooking
up to a site for electric. Check the polarity before plugging in. An
inexpensive polarity checker is available from your dealer and can save a lot
of headaches. Just because the RV has 30 or 50 Amp power cord, it does
not mean 30 or 50 is available. When reserving a site, ask what electrical
service is available. Low voltage can damage RV electrical systems and/or
Before plugging in the RV shore cord, turn off all electrical appliances so as components like air conditioners, televisions, microwaves, etc. Items such
not to start under a “load”, which could cause a breaker to open. Reverse as voltage meters, surge and brownout protectors are available from
electrical and RV accessories stores to help you monitor the electrical
this process before unplugging.
current entering the trailer.
The power cord prongs should always be clean and solid. Clean with a
contact cleaner, emery cloth and / or a nail file. Electrical connections
work better when clean.
CONVERTER
The main purpose of the converter in your RV is to provide 12 Volt power
to the unit while plugged into an A/C outlet, such as at a campground. The
DO NOT PLUG SHORE CORD IN WHILE UNDER A converter will, as its name indicates, convert the incoming alternating
LOAD. MAKE SURE ALL APPLIANCES ARE current to direct current, so as to operate the appliances and fixtures
TURNED OFF PRIOR TO CONNECTING SHORE requiring 12-Volt D/C power. In essence, utilization of the converter will
reduce the usage of the RV battery.
CORD.
The converter helps by trickle charging the RV battery when the trailer is
UTILIZING EXTENSION CORDS BEYOND THE
plugged into A/C power. When connected to the tow vehicle the RV
LENGTH OF THE MANUFACTURER-SUPPLIED
battery will also be charged. If remaining plugged into 120V power for
CORD IS A POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD. THE SHORE
extended periods, check the electrolyte level often in the RV battery.
CORD
LENGTH
PROVIDED
BY
THE
MANUFACTURER IS DESIGNED FOR MAXIMUM
SAFETY. USE OF EXTENSION CORDS BEYOND
MANUFACTURER-SUPPLIED LENGTHS IS NOT GENERATOR
RECOMMENDED.
DO NOT UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES OPERATE
THE GENERATOR WHILE SLEEPING. YOU WOULD NOT
30 AMP SERVICE
BE ABLE TO MONITOR OUTSIDE CONDITIONS TO
ASSURE THAT ENGINE EXHAUST DOES NOT ENTER THE
30 Amp service is 120 Volt service limited to a total draw of 30 Amp. The INTERIOR AND YOU WOULD NOT BE ALERT TO
power cord from the RV is three pronged. 30 Amp service is the most
EXHAUST ODORS OR THE SYMPTOMS OF CARBON
common in the RV industry and used widely in campgrounds through the
United States. With 30 Amp service any appliance in the RV can operate MONOXIDE POISONING.
by itself. However, due to the 30 Amp limitations, you may not be able to
run a certain group or all appliances at the same time. For instance, most
EXHAUST GASES ARE DEADLY. DO NOT BLOCK
air conditioners will draw up to 16 Amps on start up and about 11 Amps
when running continuously. While running the microwave and pulling
THE TAILPIPES , OR APPLIANCE EXHAUST PORTS, OR
15Amps, you decide to turn on the air conditioner, the initial draw of up to SITUATE THE VEHICE IN A PLACE WHERE EXHAUST
16 Amps may overload the circuit, causing a breaker to blow. Below, a
GASES HAVE ANY POSSIBILITY OF ACCUMULATING
reference chart has been supplied to show typical Amperage draw on
EITHER OUTSIDE, UNDERNEATH, OR INSIDE YOUR RV
common appliances and fixtures.
50 AMP SERVICE (OPTIONAL)
OR ANY NEARBY RV. OUTSIDE AIR MOVEMENTS CAN
CARRY EXHAUST GASES INTO THE RV THROUGH
WINDOWS AND OTHER OPENINGS REMOTE FROM THE
28
EXHAUST OUTLET. OPERATE THE ENGINE(S), CARBON FUEL STATION
MONOXIDE PRODUCING SYSTEMS OR COMPONENTS
ONLY WHEN DISPERSION OF EXHAUST GASES CAN BE
POTENTIALLY EXPLOSIVE FUEL VAPOR MAY BE
ASSURED. MONITOR OUTSIDE CONDITIONS TO BE SURE
PRESENT AT FUEL FILLING STATIONS AND DURING
EXHAUST CONTINUES TO BE DISPERSED SAFELY.
REFUELING OF EQUIPMENT WITH THE FUEL TRANSFER
SYSTEM. NEVER ENTER A FUEL FILLING STATION OR
The onboard generator makes your RV fully self-contained. It allows you USE REFUEL EQUIPMENT IF YOUR FURNACE OR WATER
access to 120 volts when there is no shore power available, but keep in
HEATER IS OPERATING OR IF YOUR REFRIGERATOR IS
mind that carbon monoxide is deadly! NEVER sleep in the RV with the
OPERATING ON LP GAS. BOTH THE FLAME AND THE
generator running! Before you start and use the generator inspect the
exhaust system. Do not use it if the exhaust system is damaged. Test the IGNITORS IN THE BURNERS OF THE APPLIANCES ARE
SOURCES OF IGNITION, AND COULD CAUSE AN
carbon monoxide detector every time you use the RV. Know what the
EXPLOSION. THESE APPLIANCES MUST BE OFF BEFORE
symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning are:
ENTERING THE REFUEL STATION OR USING REFUEL
EQUIPMENT.
1) Dizziness
2) Vomiting
3) Nausea
4) Muscular twitching
5) Intense headache
6) Throbbing in the temples
A fuel transfer system allows you to store up to 28 gallons of gasoline for
use in motorcycles, snowmobiles, ATVs or other vehicles and equipment
while at a campsite. This system consists of a fuel tank, fuel tank filler, fuel
transfer pump and a fuel transfer valve and hose with fill nozzle. A master
pump switch located on the inside control panel controls the fuel transfer
pump.
To fill the tank, remove the fuel filler cap and fill the tank with the grade of
gasoline required by your equipment. When replacing the fuel fill cap, be
sure it seats squarely and turn firmly to lock it on the fill pipe neck.
7) Weakness and sleepiness
8) Inability to think coherently
If you or anyone else experiences any of these symptoms get to fresh air
immediately. If the symptoms persist seek medical attention. Shut the
generator down and do not operate it until it has been inspected and
repaired by a professional.
There are some simple safety measures you can follow to avoid the
harmful effects of carbon monoxide exposure when using the RV
generator. If you detect the odor of exhaust during generator operation,
close the windows, doors and roof vents of the RV. Be aware of
neighboring campsites. Don't assume that all occupants of nearby
campsites are equipped with a CO detector. When parked on dry grass,
monitor the ground area around the exhaust pipe to guard against fire.
Frequently test the onboard CO detector to assure proper operation in
guarding all RV occupants against the harmful effects of exhaust
poisoning. Always investigate and correct the cause of an alarm. Never
disconnect an alarm simply because you find it annoying.
Staying Safe at the Pump
Static electricity-related incidents at retail gasoline outlets are extremely
unusual, but the potential for them to happen appears to be the highest
during cool or cold and dry climate conditions. In rare circumstances, these
static related incidents have resulted in a brief flash fire occurring at the fill
point. Consumers can take steps to minimize these and other potential
fueling hazards by following safe refueling procedures all year long.
Most important, motorists should not get back into their vehicles during
refueling. It may be a temptation to get back in the car for any number of
reasons. But the average fill-up takes only two minutes, and staying outside
the vehicle will greatly minimize the likelihood of any build-up of static
electricity that could be discharged at the nozzle.
A build-up of static electricity can be caused by re-entering a vehicle during
fueling, particularly in cool or cold and dry weather. If the motorist then
returns to the vehicle fill pipe during refueling, the static may discharge at
the fill point, causing a flash fire or small sustained fire with gasoline
refueling vapors.
To prevent hazardous fumes from filling an enclosed RV storage facility,
disconnect the automatic generator start program prior to storing the RV Motorists who cannot avoid getting back into the vehicle should always
indoors. Use the battery disconnects to the house and the chassis batteries first touch a metal part of the vehicle with a bare hand, such as the door, or
during storage to further assure that the Auto Gen Start setting is
some other metal surface, away from the fill point upon exiting the vehicle.
disengaged at the inverter. To keep the system in working order it will still
be necessary to routinely engage the generator under a load. Before starting
the generator for exercise when the RV is in storage, first move the RV to Here are additional consumer refueling safety guidelines that will help keep
you and your family safe when refueling your vehicle or filling up gasoline
an outdoor location.
storage containers:
29
Avoid prolonged breathing of gasoline vapors. Use gasoline only in open
Turn off your vehicle engine. Put your vehicle in park and/or set the
emergency brake. Disable or turn off any auxiliary sources of ignition such areas that get plenty of fresh air. Keep your face away from the nozzle or
container opening.
as a camper or trailer heater, cooking units, or pilot lights.
Do not smoke, light matches or lighters while refueling at the pump or
when using gasoline anywhere else.
Use only the refueling latch provided on the gasoline dispenser nozzle.
Never jam the refueling latch on the nozzle open.
Never siphon gasoline by mouth nor put gasoline in your mouth for any
reason. Gasoline can be harmful or fatal if swallowed. If someone swallows
gasoline, do not induce vomiting. Contact a doctor or and emergency
medical service provider immediately.
Keep gasoline away from your eyes and skin; it may cause irritation.
Remove gasoline-soaked clothing immediately.
Do not re-enter your vehicle during refueling. If you cannot avoid reentering your vehicle, discharge any static build-up BEFORE reaching for
Use gasoline as a motor fuel only. Never use gasoline to wash your hands
the nozzle by touching something metal with a bare hand -- such as the
or as a cleaning solvent.
vehicle door -- away from the nozzle.)
In the unlikely event a static-caused fire occurs when refueling, leave the
nozzle in the fill pipe and back away from the vehicle. Notify the station
attendant immediately.
LP GAS SYSTEM
READ ALL MANUFACTURER APPLIANCE
LITERATURE, INCLUDING THE INFORMATION ON
THE LP BOTTLES AND REGULATOR, PROVIDED
WITHIN THE UNIT PACKET AND FOLLOW ANY
INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN.
PORTABLE CONTAINERS
When dispensing gasoline into a container, use only an approved portable
container and place it on the ground to avoid a possible static electricity
ignition of fuel vapors. Containers should never be filled while inside a
vehicle or its trunk, the bed of a pickup truck or the floor of a trailer.
When filling a portable container, manually control the nozzle valve
throughout the filling process. Fill a portable container slowly to decrease
the chance of static electricity buildup and minimize spilling or splattering.
Keep the fuel nozzle in contact with the rim of the container opening
while refueling.
Fill container no more than 95 percent full to allow for expansion.
GENERAL INFORMATION
LP-gas (also called LPG, Liquefied Petroleum, or Propane) when properly
handled, is a clean burning dependable fuel for operating all LP gas
appliances. The LP gas system involves the tank(s) (Also called bottles or
cylinders), regulators, valves, supply lines and appliances. LP tanks contain
liquid under high pressure, which vaporizes into a gas and passes through
the regulator to automatically reduce the pressure. Low-pressure gas is then
distributed through the supply lines to provide the fuel for LP appliances.
Consumption of LP Gas depends upon the frequency and duration of use
of the LP appliances. The furnace and oven have the highest assumption
rates. During cold weather it is advisable to check the bottles often and
always keep one full. Safety must be observed at all times when using the
Only store gasoline in approved containers as required by federal or state LP gas system. LP gas is colorless and odorless in its natural state. An
authorities. Never store gasoline in glass or any other unapproved
odorant, similar to rotten egg smell, has been added for consumer safety
container.
purposes to help detect leaks and provide warning.
Place cap tightly on the container after filling - do not use containers that
do not seal properly.
If gasoline spills on the container, make sure that it has evaporated before
you place the container in your vehicle. Report spills to the attendant.
LP GAS IS HIGHLY FLAMMABLE AND IS
CONTAINED UNDER HIGH PRESSURE. IMPROPER
USE MAY CAUSE FIRES AND / OR EXPLOSIONS. IF
A SULFUR OR “ROTTEN EGG SMELL” IS
DETECTED, IN OR AROUND THE TRAILER,
PERFORM THE FOLLOWING STEPS
IMMEDIATELY.
When transporting gasoline in a portable container make sure it is secured
against tipping and sliding, and never leave it in direct sunlight or in the
trunk of a car.
ADDITIONAL SAFETY GUIDELINES
DO NOT TRY TO LIGHT ANY APPLIANCE / SHUT
OFF ALL OPERATING APPLIANCES.
Do not over-fill or top-off your vehicle tank, which can cause gasoline
spillage.
EXTINGUISH ANY OPEN FLAMES INCLUDING
CIGARETTES.
Never allow children under licensed driving age to operate the pump.
30
REQUIRE SPECIALIZED TRAINING AND TOOLS.
CONTACT A QUALIFIED LP SERVICE TECHNICIAN.
FAILURE TO FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS
COULD RESULT IN A FIRE, EXPLOSION AND / OR
INJURIES, INCLUDING LOSS OF LIFE.
DO NOT TOUCH ANY ELECTRIC SWITCHES.
OPEN WINDOWS AND DOORS
EXIT TRAILER
LP BOTTLES
SHUT OFF THE GAS SUPPLY AT THE GAS
CONTAINER (BOTTLE OR SOURCE)
Filling LP Bottles
IMMEDIATELY CALL A SERVICE CENTER OR GAS
SUPPLIER FROM AN OUTSIDE PHONE AND
FOLLOW THEIR INSTRUCTIONS. DO NOT TURN
ON THE GAS SUPPLY UNTIL THE GAS LEAKS
HAVE BEEN REPAIRED
ONLY FILL TANKS WITH LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM
GAS. NEVER ATTEMPT TO CONNECT NATURAL
GAS TO THIS SYSTEM.
LP BOTTLES, REGARDLESS OF SIZE, SHOULD
NEVER BE FILLED MORE THAN 80%.
OVERFILLING CAN LEAD TO UNCONTROLLED
FLOW, WHICH CAN CAUSE A FIRE OR
EXPLOSION.
LP REGULATOR
LP GAS REGULATORS MUST ALWAYS BE Dutchmen LP systems are equipped with a Type I cylinder connection,
INSTALLED WITH THE DIAPHRAGM VENT FACING making them as easy to connect and disconnect as a garden hose. The
DOWNWARD. REGULATORS THAT ARE NOT IN Type I connection system uses the Excess Flow Pigtail Hose, distinguished
COMPARTMENTS HAVE BEEN EQUIPPED WITH A by the large green nylon swivel nut. The green swivel nut attaches to the
PROTECTIVE COVER. MAKE SURE THAT THE outside of the cylinder valve with right hand threads. Tighten the swivel
DIAPHRAGM VENT FACES DOWNWARD AND THE nut by hand. DO NOT use tools.
COVER IS KEPT IN PLACE TO MINIMIZE VENT
BLOCKAGE WHICH COULD RESULT IN The safety features of this system prevent gas from flowing unless the
EXCESSIVE GAS PRESSURE CAUSING FIRE OR connection is tight and will limit excessive gas flow. In cases of extreme
EXPLOSION THAT COULD CAUSE SERIOUS heat, 240° to 300° F, at the connection, the connection to the cylinder will
be shut down.
INJURY OR DEATH.
All new containers may contain water, air, or other contaminants, it is
essential that these be removed before filling the container and placing it
The regulator is the heart of the LP system. LP gas is under high pressure into service. Water vapor present in the gas vapor may cause regulator
in the bottle and the regulator reduces this pressure to allow safe use with freeze-up at the inlet orifice and interrupt the gas service. Also it may have
the appliances in recreational vehicles.
an effect on the ability of the odorant to meet the present standards, as
water can cause oxidation on the inside of the container and result in
odorant fade. Air in the container will cause abnormally high pressure, with
The lower pressure is distributed to the appliances. The arrow on the
automatic gas regulator will always point to the gas bottle in service. When the result that the pressure relief valve may open. Air in the system is also
likely to cause pilot lights to go out.
the red flag appears in the inspection glass, this indicates that bottle is
empty. In systems without automatic changeover, the arrow should be
then turned toward the other bottle and the empty filled as soon as
1. Procedure for Filling LP Cylinders Equipped With an OPD
possible.
Valve
Care & Maintenance
The regulator has a vent that allows it to breath. If pressure builds too high
within the regulator, it vents until pressure reaches a normal range. Check
the vent frequently to keep the vent clean and clear of any debris, corrosion
or obstruction. A clogged regulator can result in higher pressures, loss of
fuel and / or component failure. The vent can be cleaned by using a
toothbrush and should be checked periodically by a qualified LP service
center.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO ADJUST OR REPAIR A LP
REGULATOR. ADJUSTMENTS AND REPAIRS
31
2.
Shut of tow vehicle and extinguish all appliance pilot lights when
filling tanks.
3.
Ensure that the hand wheel valve is in the closed position.
4.
Attach the fill hose to the outlet on the valve.
5.
Turn on the LP source.
6.
Open the bleeder valve on the LP tank 10 percent.
7.
8.
9.
Slowly open the cylinder bottle hand wheel valve approximately GENERAL INFORMATION
one-quarter turn.
A recreational vehicle plumbing system consists of two sub-systems: The
As the cylinder starts to fill, the hand wheel valve may be opened freshwater system and the wastewater system. Potable fresh water is
supplied by either the fresh water tank aboard the unit or from an outside
more. One turn is all that is necessary to complete filling the
source connected through the city water connection. When using the fresh
tank.
water tank, the water is pumped through the water lines by means of the
water pump. When utilizing an exterior source, such as a campsite water
When the bleeder valve begins to spit liquid, shut off the LP fill supply, the pump is not needed as the water is already pressurized and will
source, close the bleed screw on the cylinder, then close the
flow through the water supply lines within the trailer.
valve.
MONITOR PANEL
SPLIT-BOTTLE SYSTEMS – (Primarily on Fifth
Wheels)
The monitor panel allows you to check the approximate liquid levels in the
fresh water and the gray and black holding tanks. Dependent upon the
Dutchmen uses LP cylinders equipped with a safety valve to prevent over- type of monitor panel, 3 or 4 tanks can be monitored along with the charge
filling the tank. Rapid changes in pressure during filling or when switching condition of the battery. (The water heater switch is located on some
models.)
the regulator changeover valve can cause this safety feature to activate,
causing a “no gas flow” situation. The problem occurs when the system,
downstream of the cylinder valve and above the regulator, has less pressure
than the bottle pressure. The check valve activates, sensing a break in the Operation
line. In order for the valve to reset, the pressure in the line must equalize
Depress the button for the desired reading (tank or battery.) The levels
with the tank pressure. Internal mechanisms allow for a very small bypass
readout for the tanks will read at Empty (E), 1/3, 2/3, or Full (F). All lights
flow to achieve equalization. This usually takes 2-5 minutes
will be lit when full. The battery conditions are as follows:
LP Gas Lines
The primary manifold is a black pipe located beneath the unit. Copper
tubing, with flare fittings, are used as secondary lines running to the gas
appliances. If repairs are needed to these lines or any component of the LP
system, DO NOT ATTEMPT to repair yourself and follow the above
instructions.
Although your LP gas system was thoroughly inspected for leaks before
delivery, gas fittings can loosen from vibration during travel. The LP gas
system should be inspected at least once a year.
Bleeding Air from LP Gas Lines
NEVER CHECK FOR LEAKS WITH OPEN FLAME
MATCH, ETC. ONLY USE A SOLUTION OF MILD
DISH DETERGENT AND WATER.
C
Charge
G
Good
F
Full
L
Low
Erroneous Readings
The monitor panel displays readings from sensors attached to the tanks.
These sensors can send false readings when the following conditions
occur:
Water with low mineral content. Minerals in water help conduct the
electrical signal to the monitor display. Some water, which is very low in
If there is air present in the lines you will find it difficult to light the pilots mineral content, may not conduct the signal properly. Although infrequent,
this condition can exist. Check the panel reading when the fresh water tank
on the appliances. Air can be forced from the lines by lighting the
appliance closest to the LP gas cylinders, and the next closest, etc. You will is filled.
find the pilots will not light as readily when air is escaping through them-be patient and they will light.
Material trapped on the sides of the holding tanks also may provide full
readings when the tank is actually empty. Use of a spray to wash out the
Should a propane leak occur, the detector will sound an alarm and tank following dumping should help prevent this condition.
continue until the gas has dissipated or until a mute button is pressed. The
mute button will only stop the alarm from sounding for 60 seconds and Grease build up on the sensor probes may indicate false readings or not
will reoccur if gas is still present. Sometimes in new coaches, an alarm will readings at all. Avoid pouring any grease, oils or similar substances down
sound due to the odor in a new trailer from glues and other materials used drains or the toilet. If this occurs, wash the tank(s) out with soapy water.
to build the unit. The alarm also may
Plumbing System
FRESH WATER TANK
A fresh water tank is equipped on all travel trailers and fifth wheels. Tanks
32
every 15 gallons of tank capacity. Example: Use 2 ¾ gallons of the solution
vary in size according to product and model. To determine how much
fresh water the system can hold, refer to the RVIA TRAILER WEIGHT for a 40-gallon tank. If using Ultra bleach concentrations, reduce bleach to
INFORMATION label located on the inside of the kitchen cabinet door 1/8 cup to one gallon of water.
near the sink.
Add solution to tank and fill with water. Open each faucet/fixture until a
distinct chlorine odor is smelled. Close faucets and let stand 4 hours.
The full capacity rating of fresh water for the travel trailer / fifth wheel
includes the cumulative total of the tank, lines, and the hot water heater
tank.
Drain system and flush with fresh water until chlorine odor and smell is
gone. (If water filter has been added, change it at this time).
Fresh Water Fill
Vibration While Traveling
To fill the fresh water tank, remove the cap, on the exterior connection
labeled “Fresh Water Connection”, and insert a garden hose. Check the
monitor panel to determine the level of water in the tank during filling.
When full, water may spill out back through the valve, as there is no
automatic cutoff. When filling the fresh water tank it is a good idea to also
fill the hot water heater and lines to provide the maximum system
capability.
Although the Fresh Water System was thoroughly inspected for leaks
before delivery, fittings can loosen over time, from vibration during travel.
Periodically check the fittings at the faucets and visible connections and
tighten when necessary.
Water Pump
•
•
When traveling with the water tank full, the cargo carrying
capacity is reduced.
NEVER TURN ON THE PUMP IF THE FRESH
WATER TANK IS EMPTY. DAMAGE TO THE PUMP
AND/OR A BLOWN CIRCUIT MAY OCCUR.
Water should be drained from the fresh water system when not
in use for more than 1 week.
The 12–volt water pump installed is self-priming and totally automatic,
operating upon demand. When a fixture is opened the pump draws water
from the tank and pressurizes the lines, providing water to the open fixture.
The pump has an on/off switch and is located on the monitor panel.
Never turn on the pump if the fresh water tank is empty.
City Water Fill
SOME WATER SUPPLIES DEVELOP EXCESSIVE
PRESSURE, PARTICULARLY IN THE MOUNTAIN REGIONS.
WATER PRESSURE MUST NOT EXCEED 25-30 PSI. WATER Before Turning “On” the Pump Switch:
PRESSURE REGULATORS ARE AVAILABLE TO PROTECT
THE FRESH WATER SYSTEM AGAINST HIGH PRESSURE.
1. Check the water level in the fresh water tank – if empty, refill.
(See “Fresh Water Tank Fill”)
The city water fill allows a direct connection to an outside source, such as
campsites with water risers. There is no need to use the water pump as the
water coming from the exterior source is already pressurized and will
bypass the pump and tank. Connect the city water fill by using a hose
manufactured for potable water use. Open faucets and allow air to be
purged.
2.
Open kitchen and bathroom faucets, hot & cold valves, and any
shower/tub fixtures.
3.
Check to make sure Water Heater By-Pass Valve is set to
“Normal Flow” to allow water into the hot water heater.
City water fills are marked with a label and may be installed as a separate
piece of equipment or as a part of a "combination" water inlet housing.
4.
Turn on switch for water pump and allow the pump to fill the
water lines and hot water heater tank.
Sanitizing the Fresh Water System
5.
Close each faucet after it delivers a steady stream of water.
6.
The water pump should stop running after all faucets are closed.
7.
Pump should now run on “demand” when a faucet is opened,
and stop when the faucet is closed.
Keeping the fresh water system clean and free of any potential
contaminations is a top priority. Sanitizing the system before initial use and
thereafter annually, or whenever water remains unused for prolonged
durations, is recommended. This will help keep the water system fresh and
discourage harmful bacterial or viral growth. To sanitize your system,
perform the following:
Drain the tank by opening the low point drain for the fresh water tank.
Prepare a chlorine bleach solution of ¼ cup to one gallon of water for
33
Water Heater
recreational vehicle, water expansion will cause weeping at the pressure
relief valve. One way to minimize this weeping is by maintaining an air
pocket at the top of the water heater tank. The air pocket forms naturally
by design but will reduce over time through normal use.
THE WATER HEATER INSTALLED IS AN LP GAS
APPLIANCE. CAREFULLY READ THE
MANUFACTURER’S MANUAL FOR COMPLETE
Replenishing the Air Pocket
OPERATIONAL AND SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS,
PROVIDED IN THE UNIT PACKET, PRIOR TO USING
1. Turn off water heater.
THE APPLIANCE.
The water heater installed is typically a 6-gallon (standard) or 10-gallon
(optional on some units).
Dependent upon the model installed, the water heater will operate only on
gas or upon either gas or AC current. For specific water heater operating
instructions, please consult the user’s manual located in the unit packet.
Prior to operating the water heater, be sure there is water in the fresh water
tank and in the water heater.
2.
Turn off cold water supply.
3.
Open a faucet in the RV.
4.
Allow time for water to cool and pull out handle of the Pressure
Relief Valve and allow water to flow from the valve until it stops.
5.
Release handle on valve – it should snap shut.
ENSURE WATER HEATER IS FILLED WITH WATER
6. Close faucets and turn on cold water supply, as tank fills, the air
pocket will be replenished.
PRIOR TO TURNING ON THE POWER AND/OR
OPERATING. EVEN MOMENTARY OPERATION
WITHOUT WATER WILL BURN OUT THE ELEMENT.
THIS OCCURRENCE IS NOT COVERED UNDER Water Supply and Odor
ANY MANUFACTURER WARRANTY.
Water supplies sometimes contain high levels of sulfur, which causes an
unpleasant smell, similar to rotten eggs. While unpleasant, the water is not
harmful. Sanitizing the water system, as described earlier and allowing the
sanitizing solution to remain for a few days, should eliminate the odor.
Care & Maintenance
Remember to thoroughly flush the system after sanitization. Adding a
Proper maintenance of the water heater relies on inspection and awareness. filtration system will help reduce such occurrences.
(Full maintenance requirements are listed within the manufacturer’s User’s
Manual located in the unit packet.)
Draining & Storage
An anode rod within the tank increases the life of the tank and under
normal use will deteriorate. Replacement of the anode rod should be done
yearly or more frequently if water supplies contain high levels of iron or
sulfate. Another important maintenance procedure is periodically checking
the water heater screen in the exterior door for any obstructions, such as
animal / insect nests or debris. Proper ventilation is essential to the safe
operation of the water heater.
When not using for long periods or storing during the winder months, the
water heater must be drained to avoid damage from freezing during the
winter and/or deterioration of tank life from mineral content in water
supplies.
To Drain the Water Heater
A qualified technician should do any repairs that need to be performed. If
soot is present anywhere, immediately shut the unit down and contact a
qualified service technician. Soot is a sign of incomplete combustion and
must be corrected before operating the water heater.
Pressure Relief Valve-Weeping or Dripping
As in residential water heaters, the water heater equipped in recreational
vehicles contains a pressure relief valve that is designed to open if the
temperature of the water within reaches 210º F or if excessive pressure is
built up. When pressure reaches 150 pounds, the relief valve will open and
water will drip from the valve. The valve will close automatically once the
pressure falls below 150 pounds. This dripping is normal and does not
indicate a malfunctioning or defective valve.
Also, as water is heated it expands and with the closed water system in a
34
1.
Turn off power to the water heater at the switch or the main
breaker.
2.
Shut off the gas supply and the water pump.
3.
Open all fixtures, both hot and cold throughout the unit.
4.
Place the bypass valve (if equipped) in the “by-pass” position.
5.
Remove/open the exterior access door to the water heater.
6.
Remove the anode rod from the tank. Water will drain out tank.
7.
For Winterization Procedures, See the section “Winterization” in
this chapter.
By-Pass Kit
The By-Pass Kit is a popular convenience feature that allows for easier
drainage of the hot water heater tank and winterization of the unit. The bypass kit is installed near the cold water inlet of the water heater and allows
for blockage of water flow into the water heater, saving time and reducing
the amount of anti-freeze needed during winterization.
8.
Connect an air hose with an adapter to the city water fill
connection.
9.
Set the pressure no greater than 30 pounds and blow out the
water lines until no water can be seen coming out of the fixtures
and lines.
10. Pour RV anti-freeze into drains, p-traps, toilet, and tanks.
Winterization
11. Pour RV anti-freeze into drains, p-traps, toilet, and tanks.
RV components can be damaged from the effects of freezing. Protection
of the plumbing system and related components is crucial. Damages due to
weather are not covered under warranty at any time. Many recreational
Method 2 (With By-Pass Kit installed)
vehicle owners choose to have their units winterized by their dealer, while
others choose to do it themselves. Following are descriptions of two
1. Purchase 4 – 6 gallons of RV approved, non-toxic antifreeze.
methods use to winterize:
Many Dutchmen products include an optional by-pass kit that allows the
plumbing system to bypass the hot water heater, reducing the amount of
anti-freeze that will be needed (By-pass kits are available at most RV service
centers for a reasonable expense and can be installed during winterization).
Without a by-pass kit installed, an additional 6-10 gallons of anti-freeze will
be required.
Your local dealer is best suited to answering any questions as well as
providing information on winterization and storage that may be particular
to the climate in your area.
DO NOT USE AUTOMOTIVE ANTI-FREEZE.
AUTOMOTIVE ANTI-FREEZE IS POISONOUS AND
NOT FOR USE IN POTABLE WATER SYSTEMS.
Method 1 (With By-Pass Kit installed)
1.
Purchase 1-2 gallons of RV non-toxic anti-freeze.
2.
Drain the fresh water tank and empty the waste water holding
tanks
3.
Turn water heater by-pass valve to by-pass position. (The bypass valve is located near the water heater incoming lines – an
access panel may have to be removed depending upon the
model.)
2.
Drain all tanks, fresh water and sewage tanks.
3.
Turn water heater by-pass valve to by-pass position. (The bypass valve is located near the water heater incoming lines – an
access panel may have to be removed depending upon the
model.)
4.
Drain water heater.
5.
If installed, remove water filter from assembly and discard. Install
diverter if included.
6.
Pour an amount of RV non-toxic anti-freeze into the fresh water
tank to fill the tank above minimum water pump operating level.
(Use of a long funnel may be helpful). Add more, if necessary
during procedure.
7.
Turn pump switch and open the cold water side of all faucet
fixtures. Leave open until the anti-freeze comes out (generally,
pink in color). Repeat for hot water side.
8.
Flush toilet until anti-freeze begins to flow into the bowl and
then pour one gallon of anti-freeze down the toilet to winterize
the black tank.
9.
Pour anti-freeze down each shower / tub, lavatory sink, and
kitchen sink to fill p-traps.
10. To winterize gray tank(s) pour one gallon down each related sink
drain.
4.
Drain water heater.
5.
If installed, remove water filter from assembly and discard. Install Removing Antifreeze
diverter if included.
If purchasing a coach which is winterized with RV anti-freeze, or having
Open all faucets, including showerhead sprayer, toilet flushing had an existing unit winterized before winter storage, the plumbing system
must be flushed and sanitized prior to use. Do Not Attempt to turn on
device and any other water lines that are closed.
water heater if system is winterized. Perform the following prior to
attempting to operate the water heater or use the plumbing system.
Turn on the water pump for 30 seconds to clear out any water in
the lines.
1. Drain all tanks, fresh water and sewage.
6.
7.
35
WASTEWATER TANKS MUST BE DUMPED AT
STATE APPROVED LOCATIONS.
The lever or pedal must be held fully open during the flushing for two or three seconds.
Be sure a sufficient quantity of water is in the bowl to carry waste into the holding tank.
2.
Attach garden hose to fresh water fill and fill tank.
3.
Turn on pump switch and open cold water side of all faucet /
shower fixtures. Leave open until water runs clear. Repeat for
hot water side.
Toilet leaks water onto the floor.
4.
Flush toilet until clear water runs into bowl.
Still leaking, have the problem service by an authorized service center.
5.
Dump tanks again.
Holding Tanks
6.
Sanitize water system.
7.
If a water filter is installed, drain lines, remove filter assembly,
clean & reinstall with new filter.
8.
When ready to use the Water Heater, Turn By-Pass Valve to
Open Position to allow water to enter hot water heater tank and
fill according to instructions.
Check the water inlet connection. Tighten, or clean and tighten if necessary.
WASTEWATER TANKS MUST BE DUMPED AT
STATE APPROVED LOCATIONS.
DO NOT USE THE SAME HOSE TO FILL THE
FRESH WATER (POTABLE) WATER TANK.
WASTE WATER SYSTEM
DO NOT LEAVE ANY HOSE CONNECTED WHEN
NOT IN USE.
The waste water system inside the recreational vehicle is self-contained,
while on the road or set up in a campsite. The main parts of the waste
system are the toilet, holding tanks and tank dump valves. As in residential
households, the drainage system also includes p-traps and roof vents to
allow escape of odors and gases.
Toilet
The toilet operates from water supplied either by the fresh water tank or
from an exterior water supply connected at the city water hook-up. (The
water pump must be turned on when utilizing the water from the fresh
water tank.) The toilet flushes directly into the black water tank. Complete
instructions and care for the model installed are located in the unit packet.
DO NOT ADD ANY CHECK VALVES TO THIS
SYSTEM.
Waste Water is divided into two categories: Black water and Gray water.
The term black water refers to the waste flushed down the toilet and stored
in a separate tank*, referred to as the black tank. Gray water is the
wastewater from the sinks, tub and shower drains and is stored within one
(or more) gray tank(s). Waste tanks empty through a single or multiple
outlets, but a separate valve controls each tank.
Toilet Troubleshooting
The dump valves should remain closed even if connected to an exterior
sewer hook up. For proper dumping, empty tanks only when they are
Water keeps running into bowl.
nearly full. The idea is to send a large volume of water through the tanks
and hose at the same time to assist the solid waste in flushing from the
On the hand lever models, be sure the lever returns all the way. If they do not, there may system.
be foreign material on the waste blade valve or the seal in the bottom of the bowl preventing
the bowl from fully closing.
Dumping Instructions
On the foot pedal models, clean out any foreign material in the groove where the valve
blade seats in the bottom of the bowl.
1.
Twist off the termination outlet cap.
2.
Connect the sewer hose by turning counterclockwise, locking the
end levers over the termination end.
3.
Place the other end of the sewer hose into an approved dump
station inlet.
4.
Open the black tank termination valve and drain.
Foot Pedal hard to operate or blade sticks.
Spray a light film of silicone on the blade.
Poor Flush
36
5.
Open the gray tank termination valve and drain. (If unit has 2
gray tanks, drain one at a time.)*
6.
Close termination valves.
7.
Disconnect sewer hose and store.
8.
Replace termination cap on the outlet.
9.
Add chemical deodorant / breakdown agent approved for RV
use.
Gas Furnace
USE OF KEROSENE OR OTHER AFTERMARKET
SPACE HEATERS IS NOT RECOMMENDED AND IT
IS AT YOUR OWN RISK. SUCH HEATERS MAY
DISCHARGE MOISTURE AND GASES FROM
COMBUSTION INTO YOUR TRAILER AND CAUSE
EXCESSIVE INDOOR HUMIDITY. SUCH HEATERS
MAY ALSO CAUSE A FIRE, DEPLETE OXYGEN, OR
RELEASE CARBON MONOXIDE AND OTHER
HARMFUL GASES WHICH CAN CAUSE SERIOUS
INJURY OR DEATH.
* If unit is equipped with the No-Fuss Flush System, perform flush at this
The gas furnace operates on LP gas. It is controlled by a thermostat, as in a
time.
home. There is a separate “off” switch on the thermostat to completely
shut down the furnace. Consult your furnace instruction manual and the
After the sewage tank has been emptied, close the gate valves and put
instructions on the furnace for details of lighting. Once the furnace is on,
approximately five gallons of water in the sewage holding tanks. This will its operation can be controlled entirely by the thermostat. You will not
help prevent solids from building up. The addition of a deodorizing agent need to touch any other furnace switches or valves. The furnace is a
like Aqua-Kem® will help prevent odors.
forced-air system which pushes warm air throughout your travel trailer.
The blower is wired to operate directly from your 12-volt or 120-volt
system.
No Fuss Flush (Optional)
If equipped, the no fuss flush kit has been installed to rinse the interior of
the black tank. Similar to the water fills located on the exterior of the unit, a Appliances
separate hookup is placed on the exterior.
Air Conditioner
Flush the tank after dumping by connecting the sewer hose and attaching a
garden hose to the inlet labeled “Sewer Valve Must Be Open When Using The air conditioning unit can only be operated when the vehicle is attached
This Inlet” OR “Black Tank Flush.” Open the water supply to full pressureto a 120V A/C power supply. For best performance, park the trailer in the
shade and keep the curtains closed. Before operating any model of roof air
to flush tank. When water runs clear from sewer hose, shut off water
supply and disconnect garden hose from source. Do not disconnect hose conditioning, close all doors and windows. The optional heat unit on
certain models is not a substitute for the primary heat system. .it is designed
from flush inlet until water has drained from system.
primarily to warm the trailer in moderately cool conditions only.
Solid Build Up
Refer to the air conditioner manufacturer’s instructions for detailed
The most common problem associated with the waste system is solid build operation and preventative maintenance requirements. Remember that
up. Using plenty of water when flushing the toilet, and keeping the tank this appliance requires large portion of your available electric power.
valves closed until ready to flush the system can reduce the risk of build up.
Should you ever have a build up of solids, close the valve, fill the tanks
Kitchen Range and Oven
about ¾ full with fresh water, drive a distance to agitate the solids, and
drain the tanks.
IT IS NOT SAFE TO USE COOKING APPLIANCE
FOR COMFORT HEATING.
Things Not To Put Into Toilet or Drains:
The gas oven and burners are operated with LP gas. The basic operation is
similar to the range in your home. For additional information refer to the
manufacturer’s instructional manual.
Facial tissues, paper towels, sanitary products (including those labeled
flushable).
Detergents or bleach. Use a sewage tank deodorizer, available from dealer.
Automotive antifreeze, ammonia, alcohols, or acetones.
Grease from cooking, table scraps or other solids that may cause clogging
Note: For best results, use only biodegradable toilet tissue specifically
manufactured for RV use, available from your dealer.
Cooking appliances need fresh air for safe operation. Before operation,
open the overhead vent or turn on the exhaust fan and open a window.
Unlike homes, the amount of oxygen supply is limited due to the size of
the trailer, and proper ventilation when using the cooking appliances will
avoid dangers of asphyxiation.
Portable fuel-burning equipment, including wood and charcoal grills and
stoves, should not be used inside the trailer. The use of this equipment
37
Just as moisture collects on the outside of a glass of cold water during
humid weather, moisture can condense on the inside surfaces of the trailer
during cold weather when relative humidity of the interior air is high. This
Range Exhaust hood
condition is increased because the insulated walls of a recreational vehicle
are much thinner than house walls. Estimates indicate that a family of four
The exhaust hood allows vapors and cooking odors to escape and serves as can vaporize up to three gallons of water daily through breathing, cooking,
a vent for the galley area. The hood has a grease filter screen which will
bathing and washing. Unless the water vapor is carried outside by
require periodic cleaning.
ventilation, or condensed by a dehumidifier, it will condense on the inside
of the windows and walls as moisture, or in cold weather as frost or ice. It
may also condense out of sight within the walls or the ceiling where it will
Microwave
manifest itself as warped or stained panels. Appearance of these conditions
may indicate a serious condensation problem. When you recognize the
Refer to the manufacturer’s owners manual for additional information.
signs of excessive moisture and condensation in the trailer, action should
be taken to minimize their effects
Refrigerator (self contained models)
inside the trailer could result in fire or asphyxiation.
The refrigerator is designed to operate on LP Gas and 12 Volt D/C or 120
Ventilation and moisture control
Volt A/C electric. Before operating the refrigerator the trailer must be
level. If it is not level, the refrigerator will not circulate, cooling action will
1. Ventilate with outside air. Partially open one ore more roof
stop, and the refrigeration system may be damaged.
vents and one or more windows to provide circulation of
outside air into the interior. While this ventilation may
TV Antenna (optional)
increase furnace heating load during cold weather, it will
greatly reduce water condensation. Even when it is raining
Turn the rotating portion so that its pointer lines up with the ceiling plate
or snowing, ventilation air from outside will be far drier
pointer. Turn the handle in the “UP” direction until some resistance is felt.
than interior air and will effectively reduce condensation
Pull down the rotating knob to disengage it from the ceiling plate and
inside the trailer.
rotate it until you locate the best picture and sound. Always lower the TV
Antenna before moving your unit.
2. Minimize Moisture released inside the trailer. Run the range
vent van when cooking and the bath vent van (or open the
AM/FM Radio with Cassette or CD Players
bath vent) when bathing to carry water vapor out of the
trailer. Avoid making steam from excessive boiling our use
Refer to the manufacturer’s owners manual for additional information.
of hot water. Remove water or snow from shoes before
entering to avoid soaking the trailer. Avoid drying overcoats
or other clothes inside the trailer. Do not use a humidifier
inside the trailer. Water put in the air will greatly increase the
Prolonged occupancy
level of condensation.
The effects of prolonged occupancy
YOUR TRAILER IS NOT DESIGNED, NOR INTENDED
AS PERMANENT HOUSING. USE OF THIS PRODUCT FOR
LONG TERM OR PERMANENT OCCUPANCY MAY LEAD
TO PREMATURE DETERIORATION OF STRUCTURE,
INTERIOR FINISHES, FABRICS CARPETING AND DRAPES.
DAMAGE OR DETERIORATION DUE TO LONG-TERM
OCCUPANCY MAY NOT BE CONSIDERED NORMAL, AND
MAY UNDER THE TERMS OF THE WARRANTY
CONSTITUTE MISUSE, ABUSE OR NEGLECT, AND MAY
THEREFORE REDUCE THE WARRANTY PROTECTION.
Your trailer was designed primarily for recreational use and short-term
occupancy. If you expect to occupy the trailer for an extended period, be
prepared to deal with condensation and the humid conditions that may be
encountered. The relatively small volume and tight compact construction
of modern recreational vehicles mean that the normal living activities of
even a few occupants will lead to rapid moisture saturation of the air
contained in the trailer and the appearance of visible moisture, especially in
cold weather.
38
3.
Ventilate closets and cabinets. During prolonged use in very
cold weather, leave cabinet and closet doors partially open
to warm and ventilate the interiors of storage compartments
built against exterior walls. The air flow will warm the
exterior wall surface, reducing or eliminating condensation
and minimizing possible ice formation.
4.
Install a dehumidifier. During prolonged, continuous use, a
dehumidifying appliance may be more comfortable and
effective in removing excess moisture from the interior air.
While use of a dehumidifier is not a “cure-all”, and
ventilation, storm windows and moisture reduction
continue to be important, operation of the dehumidifier.
Heating load on the furnace will be reduced and the interior
will be less drafty.
5.
Install tight fitting storm windows on all non emergency exit
windows to eliminate condensation on window glass. The
interior surface of the window will be warmer, reducing
moisture condensation.
Dripping Ceiling Vents
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
During cold weather and even in short term occupancy, condensation
frequently forms on ceiling vents and may even accumulate to the point of
dripping onto the surface below. This is frequently misinterpreted as a
“leaking” roof vent but is most often condensation. Follow the preceding
steps to control moisture condensation; protect surfaces with plastic
sheeting until moisture has dissipated.
The instructions and recommendations located within this manual and the
accompanying manufacturer’s component literature should be read, as
failure to perform necessary or preventative maintenance may limit or void
all or part of a specific warranty.
MOLDS
Care and maintenance of the recreational vehicle is an important step in
maintaining the safety, dependability and the appearance, both interior and
exterior, of the unit. Keep good records of all maintenance performed as
these may be necessary for warranty information or may assist in possible
repairs needed.
What are molds?
Molds are microscopic organisms that naturally occur in virtually every
environment, indoors and out. Outdoors, mold growth is important in the
decomposition of plants. Indoors, mold growth is unfavorable. Left
unchecked, molds break down natural materials, such as wood products
and fabrics. Knowing the potential risks is important for any type of
homeowner to protect their investment.
Operational usage and climates may affect the frequency of maintenance
needed on certain components. Preventative maintenance is important to
the life and enjoyment of any recreational vehicle as many problems can be
caught before they occur. Please do not hesitate to call your dealer with a
question on the maintenance or care of any item.
What factors contribute to mold growth?
The care and maintenance of appliances are discussed within the appliance
chapter. Always refer to the manufacturers recommendations located
within the literature contained within the unit packet.
For mold growth to occur, temperatures, indoor or outdoors, must be
between 40 degrees and 100 degrees Fahrenheit and also have a source of
moisture, such as humidity, standing water, damp materials, etc. Indoors,
the most rapid growth occurs with warm and humid conditions.
When performing any maintenance, always wear appropriate safety
protection gear. If uncertain or unfamiliar with any of the
preventative maintenance items appearing in this manual, please
contact your local dealer.
How can mold growth be inhibited?
EXTERIOR
By controlling relative humidity, the growth of mold and mildew can be SEALS & ADHESIVES
inhibited. In warm climates, use of the air conditioner will reduce the
relative humidity. Vents are located in the bathing and cooking areas and
YOUR TRAILER’S #1 ENEMY IS WATER. IT IS
constant use is advised during food preparation and bathing, even during
CRUCIAL THAT YOU INSPECT AND MAINTAIN THE
colder weather. Additionally, opening a window during these activities will
SEALS ON YOUR TRAILER. SEAL MAINTENANCE
assist in ventilation. In extremely humid conditions, the use of a
IS AN OWNER RESPONSIBILITY AND IS NOT
dehumidifier can be helpful. *
COVERED BY THE WARRANTY.
Frequent use of the RV or cleaning regularly is an important preventive
measure. Further, any spills should be wiped up quickly and dried as soon The seals and adhesives used perform an important job, keeping out an
as possible. Avoid leaving damp items lying about. On safe surfaces, use RV enemy – water. Close inspection and routine maintenance are crucial to
the longevity of the trailer. While many types are used, none have a pre-set
mold or mildew killing cleaning products. Check sealants regularly, and
reseal when necessary to avoid water leaks. Proper preventive maintenance lifetime, as exposure to the elements and regional variances of climate can
accelerate any sealants deterioration. Therefore, every three months,
to the RV and its accessories, as described both in this manual and in
inspection of all seals is recommended and a quick inspection prior to
accompanying literature, will provide the best protection to the RV.
every trip will help reduce potential problems down the road.
For more information of controlling moisture in the RV, please read,
“Ventilation and Moisture Control..
*If using a dehumidifier, please read and follow all manufacturer instructions and
recommendations to the use and cleaning of the dehumidifier.
When inspecting, check for cracks, voids, shrinkage, or any sign of
deterioration. If any of these signs are noticed, have your dealer inspect and
replace the sealant if necessary. It is important to use the same kind of
sealant that was previously used. Seals left in need of repair may allow
water to infiltrate the structure which can lead to very costly repairs.
39
These images illustrate acceptable sealant condition.
These images illustrate poorly maintained sealants.
40
WINDOWS (EXTERIOR)
Do Not dry wipe surfaces
Do Not use rubbing compounds
YOUR TRAILER’S #1 ENEMY IS WATER. IT IS
ABS PLASTIC / MOLDED PARTS
CRUCIAL THAT YOU INSPECT AND MAINTAIN THE
SEALS ON YOUR TRAILER. SEAL MAINTENANCE Some components of Dutchmen products are constructed of strong ABS
IS AN OWNER RESPONSIBILITY AND IS NOT
molded plastic. A mild solution of soap and water should be used when
COVERED BY THE WARRANTY
cleaning. When using any product, make sure the product is recommended
for use on plastics. Avoid harsh abrasive cleaners, ammonia or citric-based
Check the sealant around the windows at least once every three months. If products as discoloration may result.
any interior leaks are noticed, contact an authorized dealer immediately.
Seals left in need of repair may allow water to infiltrate the structure which
ROOF
can lead to very costly repairs. To ensure window operation, adjust and
lubricate latches and any moving parts annually. A light oil or powdered
graphite can be used for lubrication. Periodically use a vacuum attachment
DO NOT USE PETROLEUM BASED SOLVENTS,
to clean any debris out of the window weep holes, which are necessary to
HARSH ABRASIVES OR CITRUS BASED
drain any condensation or moisture from hard driving rains that may
PRODUCTS. USE OF THESE PRODUCTS CAN
collect.
CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE MEMBRANE AND OR
PRODUCE LARGE BUBBLES.
FIBERGLASS / GEL COAT FINISH
Care of the Gel Coat Filon™, Hi-Gloss finish is similar to caring for a new The Brite-Ply™ roofing system is a polymer membrane that will not rust
car. Any finish will deteriorate over time. Exposure to extreme sunlight, or corrode and is quieter than metal roof systems. The robber roof material
pollutants, and excessive moisture can cause dulling, fading and yellowing. itself does not require annual coatings or additional sealants. Wrinkles or
Regular washing and periodic waxing will help maintain the glossy new
Bubbles may develop in the material due to expansion and contraction
look. When washing, use a mild, automotive or RV wash solution, available from heating and cooling but this does not affect the integrity of the roof
at your dealer, being sure to rinse off any loose debris first. Avoid spraying and is not a cause for concern.
water directly into the furnace and refrigerator vents. Waxing the Filon™
areas twice a year is recommended. Wax with an automotive wax or polish
The roof material can, however, be cut by sharp objects. Use caution when
developed for boats. Follow all directions by the wax manufacturer
carefully and remember to wash and wax out of direct sunlight and when walking on or loading articles on the roof. Care is needed when driving or
parking to avoid punctures. If damage does occur, the roof may be patched
surfaces are cool.
with a special kit available through your dealer. If accessories or new
equipment is added, be sure the installer is qualified to work on the rubber
METAL
roof material.
The aluminum exterior has a baked on enamel finish. Washing frequently
Maintenance
with an automotive or RV wash solution will help avoid staining from
debris and soil build-up. Always rinse unit with clear water prior to washing
to remove any loose dirt. Waxing two to three times a year with a good
Inspect the roof at least every 90 days, paying particular attention to the
automotive paste wax will help preserve the finish.
seams where the areas of sheet metal, molding, rubber and / or fiberglass
are joined. Carefully inspect the sealant around any vents, skylights, air
conditioners, etc.
DO’S & DON’TS
Exposure to the elements will cause sealants to deteriorate over time.
Variations in climate and weather may accelerate deterioration. Inspection
and periodic resealing is essential as preventative maintenance. If cracks or
Do Use Soft cloths to clean and wax
shrinkage is noticed, immediately follow the rubber roof manufacturer’s
recommendations for repair or resealing. Special sealants are used due to
Do be careful around graphics. Wax and wash with the graphic, not against the composition of the roofing material. For the appropriate sealant, please
see your dealer.
it.
Do Use Automotive / Marine grade non-abrasive waxes.
DO NOT USE products containing ammonia or caustic harsh cleaners as Cleaning
they may cause discoloration to the fiberglass surface.
Prior to cleaning the roof, rinse the roof off to remove any debris. Be sure
Do Not use high-pressure washers, rotating brushes, such as in car washes, to keep the sidewalls wet to reduce streaking. Standard household
and power buffers. Use of these products can damage graphics and / or detergents can be used for normal cleaning. Do not use petroleum
solvents, harsh abrasives or critic-based cleaners that can damage the
paint finishes.
41
membrane. Appropriate cleaners such as Dicor Roof Cleaner™ are
available through your dealer. Remember to rinse thoroughly after
cleaning.
PERSONAL INJURY AND / OR PRODUCT DAMAGE
COULD ENSUE IF JACKS USED AFTER
DETERMINATION OF MALFUNCTION
For stubborn stains, a cloth dampened with mineral spirits is suggested. Do
not, however, pour mineral spirits directly onto the roof material or allow a Tongue Jacks, manual (Travel Trailers)
stain to “soak”. Keeping the roof free of debris and clean will help prevent
staining. Avoid parking in areas where fruit or tree sap may fall and remain Whenever preparing to travel, inspect the jack for any damage and test
directly on the roof for extended periods, causing irremovable stains.
operation. If jack is difficult to operate, clean and oil lightly. If jack is still
difficult to operate or freezes, call your dealer. Service on any jack should
be performed by qualified service personnel only.
FRAME & CHASSIS
Frame & Bumper
Tongue Jacks, power (Travel Trailers)
Over time, weather & climate such as rain, snow, sand, salt, etc. lead to
Prior to traveling, inspect the jack for any damage and test operation.
corrosion. Rinse the undercarriage, wheel wells, hitch and bumper when Check connections at battery and keep contacts clean and secure. If the
needed to remove dirt, oil, tar, salt and other debris. Periodically inspect for power jack malfunctions at any time, call a local dealer. Service on all power
rust. Improper maintenance and weather variables are not covered under jacks should be performed by trained service personnel.
warranty. Near coastal regions, inspect more frequently. If needed, lightly
sand and repaint with rustproof enamel.
Fifth Wheel Jacks
Steps
Clean regularly to remove dirt, salt, mud, etc. and lubricate pivot points
with a quality automotive grade lubricant every 30-60 days.
Hitch Couplers
Prior to each use inspect drop tube and inner ram tube. Replace or repair
as required per component manufacturer instructions. Follow all
preventative maintenance instructions provided on the specific component
installed. If malfunction occurs, immediately call your local dealer. Service
on any jack should be performed by qualified service personnel only.
Inspect prior to each trip. The ball socket and clamp should be cleaned and TIRES & WHEELS
lubricated monthly with wheel bearing grease. If coupler or coupler
components appear damaged or worn, contact your dealer upon notice of
SOME PROCEDURES REQUIRE THE USE OF
the problem.
SPECIAL TOOLS FOR SAFE AND CORRECT
MAINTENANCE. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO SERVICE,
REPAIR OR WORK ON ANY AXLE, BRAKE, OR
Fifth Wheel Coupler
WHEEL SYSTEM UNLESS YOU HAVE
APPROPRIATE SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE. LACK
Inspect monthly or prior to each trip. The hitch plate and locking
OF PROPER TRAINING, FAILURE TO FOLLOW
mechanism should be generously lubed with a high temperature rated
grease at all times. Consult the paper work that accompanied the hitch
PROCEDURES OR USE SPECIAL TOOLS AND
purchase for manufacturer recommendations.
SAFETY EQUIPMENT COULD RESULT IN
PROPERTY DAMAGE, SERIOUS INJURY, OR LOSS
OF LIFE.
Safety Chains
Safety chains should be inspected monthly. If chains are damaged or
weakened, replace immediately. Never tow without use of the safety
chains.
Jacks
Wheel Bearing Lubrication
Wheel bearings should be repacked every 6000 miles or every 6 months.
Every time the wheel hub is removed, the wheel bearings must be adjusted.
Turn the hub slowly to seat the bearings while tightening the spindle nut
until the hub will no longer turn. Loosen the spindle nut so it may be
turned by hand. Tighten nut finger tight then loosen to first hub slot
allowing alignment. Install cotter pin.
IF EQUALIZER (WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION) BARS
ARE ATTACHED TO VEHICLE WHILE ATTEMPTING
TO OPERATE A POWER TONGUE JACK, THE
Note: Do not move hub during this step.
MOTOR MAY CLUTCH AND / OR SEIZE UPON
ATTEMPTING TO BEAR THE LOAD. DAMAGE TO
The spindle nut and hub should be free to move with the cotter pin being
THE JACK UNDER THESE CIRCUMSTANCES IS
the only restraint.
NOT COVERED BY DUTCHMEN MANUFACTURING,
INC. OR THE JACK MANUFACTURER.
Prepare bearings by cleaning with solvent to remove the old grease. Repack
42
by pressing fresh bearing grease into bearing roller area. Repack bearings these levels.) If the level needs to be replenished in any or all cells, carefully
more often if subject to extremely wet conditions. If trailer has not been pour in distilled water only. Never use acid or tap water. Tap water
used for more than 2 months, the wheel bearings should be inspected and contains minerals and chemical impurities that can kill the battery.
repacked if necessary.
Besides maintaining the electrolyte level, visually inspect the battery for
loose terminals, corrosion, or any damage to the vent covers or case.
Tighten any loose clamps on the terminals of the battery and clean any
corrosion off the terminals. An inexpensive device for cleaning these
terminals can be purchased at automotive stores.
Repack bearings using a high temperature, automotive type wheel bearing
grease produced by a reputable manufacturer. The grease type should be
polyurea, lithium complex or equivalent. Use a NLGI Grade 2 product
with a minimum dropping point of 440F.
ULTRALUBE® If the Recreational Vehicle is equipped with Ultralube, When working with batteries, be extremely careful. The acid in batteries is
there is no need to lift the RV prior to greasing axles. To grease follow
highly corrosive and flammable. Batteries produce a flammable hydrogen
these simple steps:
gas that will explode if ignited. Never place batteries in any compartment
or near anything that could spark, even a 12-volt switch. Never smoke or
use open flames anywhere near the battery. Secure batteries in a battery
Remove the rubber plug from the grease cap.
box or in a compartment specially designed for battery storage. Wear safety
glasses and appropriate clothing when performing any maintenance on a
battery. In case of a spill or splash, immediately flush the affected area with
Insert grease gun on the grease fitting.
cold water for 15 minutes and call the poison control center for further
instructions.
Pump until new grease begins to appear.
Battery Storage
Replace rubber plug.
WHEN STORING A BATTERY, DO NOT PLACE THE
BATTERY DIRECTLY ON CONCRETE, AS THE
BATTERY WILL DISCHARGE MORE RAPIDLY.
Hubs and components still need to be inspected and maintained per the
manufacturer guidelines.
Brake Adjustment
The electric brakes are of the drum and two-shoe type and adjust the same
as most automotive brakes. Adjust brakes after the first 200 miles. Every 3
months or 3000 miles, test the brake drag and adjust if required. Full
procedures are outlined in the component manufacturer’s guide, included
in the unit packet. Never adjust just one brake. When adjusting brakes on
any vehicle, either replace or adjust all brakes at the same time, or at least
both brakes on the same axle.
BATTERY
BEFORE PERFORMING ANY MAINTENANCE ON
THE BATTERY, ALWAYS DISCONNECT THE
BATTERY, REMOVING THE NEGATIVE (-) CABLE
FIRST AND THEN REMOVING THE POSITIVE (+)
CABLE.
When storing the RV for an extended period, fully charge the battery
before storage. Batteries will self-discharge over time and are subject to
freezing, especially if in a discharged conditioned. Inspect batteries while in
storage every 2 to 3 weeks. Hook up a battery charger at least once a
month to prevent discharge and sulfating. An easy solution is to remove
the battery completely from the unit during storage and place it at home in
a warmer location, such as a garage, so that the battery condition can be
monitored and charged as needed during storage periods.
APPLIANCES
Refer to the manufacturer’s owners manual for additional information.
MISCELLANEOUS
Bed Spreads
THE ACID IN BATTERIES IS HIGHLY CORROSIVE
AND HYDROGEN GAS IS PRODUCED WHICH IS
Refer to the label attached to the bed spread by the manufacturer. Care
EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE. AVOID PLACING NEAR instructions should be given. In most instances or whenever in doubt, dry
A POSSIBLE IGNITION SOURCE SUCH AS OPEN – clean all fabric products such as drapes and bedspreads for best
FLAME OR POTENTIAL SPARK PRODUCING
appearance and prolonged life. Washing draperies and bedspreads in
washers will cause premature deterioration, fading, shrinkage and / or
WIRING.
possible damage.
Inspection
Blinds and Shades
To inspect the electrolyte level, remove the vent covers and visually
ascertain the electrolyte level in each cell, using a small flashlight may help. Venetian blinds and Day / Night Shades should be vacuumed regularly
(If a maintenance free battery has been purchased – no way exists to check with a soft brush attachment. Use of a soft cloth and mild cleaner on blinds
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will help keep them new looking. For fabric shades, upholstery cleaners are for this purpose.
not recommended. Instead, spot clean when necessary, using a mild soap
and water solution on area.
Faucets and Fixtures
Cabinet Doors and Drawers (Solid Hardwoods)
To protect the finishes on your kitchen and bath faucets and fixtures, use
only a damp soft cloth or sponge. Do not use abrasive cleaners or materials
The cabinet doors & drawer fronts are solid wood and should be cared for as they can damage the finish.
similar to the fine furniture in your home. Using a quality furniture polish
will help maintain the beauty and luster of the wood as well as keep the
wood from drying out. The accidental scratches can be covered satisfactory Flooring, Vinyl
with a good quality commercial furniture scratch remover.
For routine cleaning, sweep or vacuum regularly. Follow by using a damp
mop with warm water and clean a small area at a time. Rinse the mop
frequently as to not redistribute the dirt picked up. If washing is needed,
Carpeting
use a quality product designed for no-wax flooring. To polish the floor, do
not use solvent-based waxes or polishes as damage to the flooring may
The carpeting installed is easy to maintain. Vacuum regularly to remove
abrasive grit. Water based spills and spots should be removed immediately result. Use only polishes recommended for no-wax flooring.
with a damp cloth. Grease or oil based stains and spots should be spot
cleaned with a good commercial spot cleaner made for this purpose. If
complete shampooing is desired, it is best to have it done by a competent Glass & Mirrors
professional carpet cleaner. Never soak or water-log your carpeting.
Clean glass and mirrors as you would at home use a cleaner designed for
glass. To reduce “spotting” on outside windows, use a squeegee promptly
after rinsing with water. For stubborn spots, cleaning with a mixture of
Ceilings and Walls
vinegar and water is recommended and is safe for most finishes.
Clean only with a mild detergent in warm water, using a damp cloth to
clean the ceiling. Never use strong chemicals or excessive water / moisture,
Fabric & Upholstery
as either can damage the ceiling or walls.
Do not laundry upholstery fabrics. Blot up stains promptly and use an
upholstery cleaner or mild solvent, depending on the stain. Never soak the
fabric and use as little water as possible. Blot rather than rub. Towel dry or
have professionally cleaned. Upholstery can be vacuumed regularly using a
soft brush attachment.
Countertops
Dutchmen countertops fall generally into two categories: Composite or
laminate. Regardless of the type installed, avoid use of abrasive pads and
scouring powders, which can dull the surface and make it more stainprone. Always use a chopping block or cutting board when using knives.
When cooking, it is advisable to always place pots and pans straight from Sinks, Tubs, and Toilets
the burner or oven on lined hot pads and not directly on the counter
Many of these products are made of acrylics, plastics or composite
surface. Wiping up spills immediately and cleaning frequently will help
materials and use of non-abrasive cleaners is recommended to protect the
ensure the beauty of any countertop.
finish. Use of harsh cleaning products can cause premature deterioration
and/or yellowing of the surface finish.
Dos & Don’ts
Always use a hot pad or trivets under hot dishes, pots and pans.
Always use a cutting board. Never use a knife on countertop.
Run cool water when pouring boiling water into sinks.
Avoid harsh chemicals and abrasive cleaners unless directed by
manufacturer
Do not use products containing bleach.
Draperies
Draperies and upholstery fabrics should always be dry cleaned like any
other fine fabric by a competent dry cleaning establishment. Many window
treatments and bedspreads are fire retardant. When dry cleaning, be sure to
inform attendant of fire retardant items. Spots and stains should be
removed with a non-water based commercial spot remover manufactured
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GENERAL MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
The limited warranty and the limited warranties issued by component manufacturers require periodic service and maintenance, and the owner’s failure to provide this service and/or maintenance may result in loss of warranty coverage for that item. The owner should review Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc.’s limited warranty and the limited warranty of all other manufacturers.
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MAINTENANCE & SERVICE RECORDS
The limited warranty and the limited warranties issued by component manufacturers require periodic service and maintenance, and the owner’s failure
to provide this service and/or maintenance may result in loss of warranty coverage for that item. The owner should review Dutchmen Manufacturing,
Inc.’s limited warranty and the limited warranty of all other manufacturers.
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TRAILER WEIGHT LOG
Use this log to identify the proper weight distribution for your trailer. Trailers that have only 2 axles will disregard the information pertinent to measuring the middle axle.
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