Retail Lending Version-1.0 9NT1438

Retail Lending Version-1.0 9NT1438
Retail Lending
Version-1.0
9NT1438-ORACLE FCUBS V.UM 11.1.US.1.0.0.0
[March] [2011]
Oracle Part Number E51715-01
Document Control
Author: Documentation Team
Group: UBPG
Created on: October 01, 2008
Revision Number: Final
Updated by: Documentation Team
Reviewed by:
Development/Testing teams
Approved by: Software Quality
Assurance Team
Updated on: March 18, 2011
Reviewed on: March 18, 2011
Approved on: March 18, 2011
Retail Lending
Table of Contents
1.
ABOUT THIS MANUAL................................................................................................................................ 1-1
1.1
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1.1
Audience ............................................................................................................................................ 1-1
1.1.2
Organization ...................................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1.3
Related Documents ............................................................................................................................ 1-2
1.1.4
Glossary of Icons ............................................................................................................................... 1-2
2.
RETAIL LENDING – AN OVERVIEW ....................................................................................................... 2-1
2.1
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 2-1
2.1.1
Loan Origination or Application Processing..................................................................................... 2-1
2.1.2
Interface with Other Modules ............................................................................................................ 2-3
3.
MAINTENANCES AND OPERATIONS...................................................................................................... 3-1
3.1
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 3-1
3.2
MAINTAINING BANK PARAMETERS ............................................................................................................ 3-2
3.3
MAINTAINING BRANCH PARAMETERS ........................................................................................................ 3-4
3.4
DEFINING UDE RULES ............................................................................................................................. 3-10
3.5
PROVIDING UDE VALUES ........................................................................................................................ 3-12
3.5.1
Maintaining Fixed Amount UDEs in other Currency ...................................................................... 3-14
3.6
APPLYING THE UDE CASCADE FUNCTION ............................................................................................... 3-14
3.7
MAINTAINING ADHOC CHARGE TYPES ..................................................................................................... 3-16
3.8
MAINTAINING ADHOC CHARGES .............................................................................................................. 3-16
3.9
MAINTAINING HOLIDAY PERIODS ............................................................................................................ 3-18
3.10 MAINTAINING CHECK LISTS ..................................................................................................................... 3-20
3.11 MAINTAINING SYSTEM DATA ELEMENTS ................................................................................................. 3-20
3.12 MAINTAINING FLOATING INTEREST RATES .............................................................................................. 3-24
3.12.1 Maintaining Parameters for Premature Withdrawal of TD............................................................. 3-26
3.13 MAINTAINING USER DEFINED POLICIES ................................................................................................... 3-27
3.14 MAINTAINING STANDARD POLICIES ......................................................................................................... 3-29
3.15 MAINTAINING BULK PAYMENT PREFERENCES ......................................................................................... 3-30
3.15.2 Viewing Summary Records .............................................................................................................. 3-32
3.16 MAINTAINING WITHHOLDING TAX DETAILS ............................................................................................ 3-33
3.17 VIEWING WITHHOLDING TAX DETAILS .................................................................................................... 3-34
4.
DEFINING PRODUCT CATEGORIES AND PRODUCTS....................................................................... 4-1
4.1
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 4-1
4.2
MAINTAINING PRODUCT CATEGORIES........................................................................................................ 4-1
4.2.1
Mapping Function Id with Policy Code............................................................................................. 4-2
4.3
SETTING UP A CL PRODUCT........................................................................................................................ 4-2
4.3.1
Defining Other Attributes for a Product ............................................................................................ 4-4
4.3.2
Indicating Preferences for a Product ................................................................................................ 4-5
4.3.3
Advance Interest Payment for Loans ............................................................................................... 4-20
4.3.4
Specifying User Data Elements ....................................................................................................... 4-30
4.3.5
Specify Components Details ............................................................................................................ 4-32
4.3.6
Mapping Accounting Roles to Product ............................................................................................ 4-57
4.3.7
Specifying Account Status................................................................................................................ 4-60
4.3.8
Associating Notices and Statement .................................................................................................. 4-68
4.3.9
Specifying Events ............................................................................................................................. 4-71
4.3.10 Associating MIS Group.................................................................................................................... 4-81
4.3.11 Defining User Defined Fields .......................................................................................................... 4-82
4.3.12 Specifying Credit Score Details ....................................................................................................... 4-82
4.3.13 Maintaining Minimum Due Calculation Method............................................................................. 4-84
4.3.14 Maintaining Branch/Currency Restrictions..................................................................................... 4-84
4.3.15 Restricting Customer Categories..................................................................................................... 4-87
4.4
PROCESSING OF IRR APPLICATION ON LOANS.......................................................................................... 4-89
4.4.1
Recalculation of IRR with new effective date................................................................................... 4-90
4.5
DEFINING CUSTOMIZED PRODUCTS .......................................................................................................... 4-92
4.5.1
Preferences Tab ............................................................................................................................... 4-93
4.5.2
Components Tab .............................................................................................................................. 4-95
5.
ACCOUNT CREATION................................................................................................................................. 5-1
5.1
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2
CREATING A LOAN ACCOUNT..................................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2.1
Main Tab............................................................................................................................................ 5-5
5.2.2
Preferences Tab ................................................................................................................................. 5-9
5.2.3
Holiday Treatment for Maturity Date/All Schedules ....................................................................... 5-17
5.2.4
Specifying Holiday Treatment Parameters for Interest Schedules .................................................. 5-22
5.2.5
Specifying Holiday Treatment Parameters for Revision Schedules................................................. 5-22
5.2.6
Components Tab .............................................................................................................................. 5-24
5.2.7
Charges Tab..................................................................................................................................... 5-40
5.2.8
Linkage Details Tab......................................................................................................................... 5-43
5.2.9
Advices Tab...................................................................................................................................... 5-44
5.2.10 Rollover Tab .................................................................................................................................... 5-46
5.2.11 Credit Score Tab.............................................................................................................................. 5-48
5.2.12 Private Balance Tab ........................................................................................................................ 5-49
5.3
VIEWING ACCOUNT SUMMARY ................................................................................................................ 5-50
5.3.1
Fields Tab ........................................................................................................................................ 5-51
5.3.2
Check List Tab ................................................................................................................................. 5-52
5.3.3
Specifying Promotions ..................................................................................................................... 5-53
5.3.4
Specifying Other Applicants Details ................................................................................................ 5-54
5.3.5
Maintaining Payment Mode Details ................................................................................................ 5-55
5.3.6
Capturing Asset Details ................................................................................................................... 5-57
5.3.7
Capturing Financial Details ............................................................................................................ 5-62
5.3.8
Viewing Internal Rate of return Details........................................................................................... 5-66
5.3.9
Maintaining MIS Details ................................................................................................................. 5-66
5.3.10 Viewing General Ledger Details ..................................................................................................... 5-67
5.3.11 Viewing Installments Details ........................................................................................................... 5-67
5.3.12 Viewing Account Status ................................................................................................................... 5-68
5.3.13 Viewing Security History Details..................................................................................................... 5-69
5.3.14 Maintaining SWIFT Message Details .............................................................................................. 5-69
5.3.15 Repayment Holiday for Amortized Loans ........................................................................................ 5-70
5.4
CREATING A COMMITMENT ACCOUNT ..................................................................................................... 5-73
5.4.1
Commitment Tab.............................................................................................................................. 5-75
5.4.2
Applying Different Repayment Styles for a Commitment................................................................. 5-76
5.4.3
Charging Fee on Commitments ....................................................................................................... 5-77
5.4.4
Processing Events for a Commitment .............................................................................................. 5-77
5.4.5
Viewing Commitment Account Details ............................................................................................ 5-78
5.5
AUTHORIZING LOAN/COMMITMENT ACCOUNT ........................................................................................ 5-80
5.6
MULTILEVEL AUTHORIZATION OF A CONTRACT ...................................................................................... 5-82
5.7
VIEWING DETAILS OF CL ACCOUNTS LINKED TO L/C.............................................................................. 5-82
5.8
MANUAL CONFIRMATION BY NOTARY ..................................................................................................... 5-83
5.8.1
Viewing Accounts Linked to Loans/Commitments ........................................................................... 5-85
6.
CAPTURING ADDITIONAL DETAILS FOR A LOAN ............................................................................ 6-1
6.1
6.2
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 6-1
VIEWING MIS DETAILS OF THE LOAN ........................................................................................................ 6-2
6.3
VIEWING ACCOUNT GL BALANCE ............................................................................................................. 6-2
6.4
VIEWING INTERNAL RATE OF RETURN (IRR) DETAILS .............................................................................. 6-4
6.5
CAPTURING SWIFT MESSAGE DETAILS ....................................................................................................... 6-5
6.6
VIEWING INSTALLMENT DETAILS ............................................................................................................... 6-6
6.7
VIEWING EVENTS DIARY DETAILS ............................................................................................................. 6-7
6.7.1
Processed Tab.................................................................................................................................... 6-8
6.7.2
Unprocessed Tab ............................................................................................................................. 6-11
6.7.3
Querying Account Details................................................................................................................ 6-13
6.8
VIEWING OFAC CHECK RESPONSE .......................................................................................................... 6-13
6.9
INACTIVE LOANS ...................................................................................................................................... 6-14
6.9.1
Operations on Inactive Loans.......................................................................................................... 6-15
6.10 LOAN SIMULATION ................................................................................................................................... 6-15
6.10.1 Simulating a Loan............................................................................................................................ 6-15
6.10.2 Simulating a Commitment................................................................................................................ 6-17
6.11 TRIGGERING OF UDE BASED MT299 SWIFT MESSAGE .......................................................................... 6-17
7.
MAKING MANUAL DISBURSEMENTS .................................................................................................... 7-1
7.1
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 7-1
7.2
DISBURSING LOAN THROUGH THE ‘MANUAL’ MODE ................................................................................. 7-1
7.2.1
Verifying Check List Items ................................................................................................................. 7-9
7.2.2
Capturing Values for event level UDFs........................................................................................... 7-10
7.2.3
Viewing Charge details associated with Event ................................................................................ 7-11
7.2.4
Capturing the Advice related Details............................................................................................... 7-11
7.2.5
Viewing the Swift Message Details .................................................................................................. 7-12
7.2.6
Disbursing Loans even after Scheduled Dates ................................................................................ 7-13
7.3
AUTHORIZING A MANUAL DISBURSEMENT .............................................................................................. 7-13
7.3.1
Accounting Entries........................................................................................................................... 7-15
7.4
VIEWING MANUAL DISBURSEMENT SUMMARY ........................................................................................ 7-15
8.
OPERATIONS................................................................................................................................................. 8-1
8.1
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 8-1
8.2
LOAN PAYMENTS ....................................................................................................................................... 8-1
8.2.1
Payment Details Tab.......................................................................................................................... 8-3
8.2.2
Penalty Rates Tab ............................................................................................................................ 8-10
8.2.3
Fields Tab ........................................................................................................................................ 8-11
8.2.4
Check List Tab ................................................................................................................................. 8-12
8.2.5
Partial Payment ............................................................................................................................... 8-12
8.2.6
Reversing Payments......................................................................................................................... 8-13
8.2.7
Payments Simulation........................................................................................................................ 8-14
8.2.8
Back Dated Payments ...................................................................................................................... 8-15
8.2.9
Making Bulk Payments against Loan or Commitment..................................................................... 8-16
8.2.10 Viewing Loan Payments Summary................................................................................................... 8-22
8.2.11 Saving and Authorising CL Payments ............................................................................................. 8-24
8.3
LOAN AMENDMENTS ................................................................................................................................ 8-25
8.3.2
Preferences Tab ............................................................................................................................... 8-29
8.3.3
Components Tab .............................................................................................................................. 8-31
8.3.4
Charges Tab..................................................................................................................................... 8-33
8.3.5
Linkages Tab.................................................................................................................................... 8-35
8.3.6
Adjust Disbursement Tab................................................................................................................. 8-36
8.3.7
Viewing Value Dated Amendment Details ....................................................................................... 8-37
8.3.8
Amending Commitments .................................................................................................................. 8-40
8.3.9
VAMI Simulation ............................................................................................................................. 8-41
8.4
VIEWING ACCOUNT VERSION HISTORY AND REVERSAL .......................................................................... 8-42
8.5
MANUAL STATUS CHANGE ....................................................................................................................... 8-43
8.6
PARTIAL WRITE OFF ................................................................................................................................ 8-44
8.7
ROLLOVER OPERATIONS .......................................................................................................................... 8-46
8.7.1
Capturing Manual Rollover Details ................................................................................................ 8-48
8.7.2
Saving and Authorizing Manual Rollover Details ........................................................................... 8-55
8.7.3
Capturing Split Rollover Details ..................................................................................................... 8-55
8.7.4
Capturing Consolidated Rollover Details........................................................................................ 8-58
8.7.5
Capturing Inactive Rollover Details ................................................................................................ 8-61
8.8
ADJUSTING LOAN UTILIZATIONS .............................................................................................................. 8-62
8.8.1
Viewing Utilization Update Details ................................................................................................. 8-63
8.9
TRACKING BALANCES .............................................................................................................................. 8-64
8.9.1
Maintenances for Balances Tracking .............................................................................................. 8-65
8.9.2
Processing Charge-offs.................................................................................................................... 8-66
8.9.3
Processing Payments for Loans in NAC/NAP statuses.................................................................... 8-68
8.9.4
Processing Status Changes .............................................................................................................. 8-70
8.9.5
Viewing Charge-off Details ............................................................................................................. 8-71
8.10 MANUAL TRIGGERING OF EVENTS ........................................................................................................... 8-71
8.11 VIEWING TRIGGERING OF EVENTS............................................................................................................ 8-73
8.12 LIQUIDATING REVOLVING LOANS ............................................................................................................ 8-73
8.12.1 Viewing Revolving Loan Liquidation Summary............................................................................... 8-74
8.13 MULTILEVEL AUTHORIZATION OF LOAN ACCOUNT ................................................................................. 8-75
8.14 CALCULATING EMI FOR PERSONAL AND AUTO LOANS............................................................................ 8-75
8.14.1 Specifying Main Details................................................................................................................... 8-77
8.14.2 Specifying Preferences..................................................................................................................... 8-79
8.14.3 Specifying Components Details ....................................................................................................... 8-81
8.14.4 Specifying Charges Details.............................................................................................................. 8-85
8.15 REASSIGNING LOANS................................................................................................................................ 8-86
8.16 RENEGOTIATING LOANS ........................................................................................................................... 8-88
9.
BATCH PROCESSES..................................................................................................................................... 9-1
9.1
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 9-1
9.2
CONFIGURING CL BATCH PROCESSES ........................................................................................................ 9-1
9.2.1
Defining Batch Processes .................................................................................................................. 9-2
9.2.2
Initiating the Batch Process............................................................................................................... 9-4
9.2.3
Multi-threading of Batch Processes................................................................................................... 9-5
9.2.4
Excess Amount Allocation Batch ....................................................................................................... 9-5
9.2.5
Interest Posting (INTP Event)............................................................................................................ 9-6
9.2.6
Manual Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities.................................................................................... 9-7
9.2.7
Processing the CL Batch.................................................................................................................... 9-9
9.2.8
Processing Minimum Amount Due Batch .......................................................................................... 9-9
9.2.9
Processing the EMI Change Batch (EMIC)..................................................................................... 9-10
9.3
DEFINING FUNCTIONS TO BE RUN AUTOMATICALLY ................................................................................ 9-10
9.3.1
Role of the UDBATEVT batch for CL accounts............................................................................... 9-11
10.
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
11.
ANNEXURE A........................................................................................................................................... 10-1
ACCOUNTING ENTRIES FOR CONSUMER LENDING .................................................................................... 10-1
EVENTS .................................................................................................................................................... 10-1
ACCOUNTING ROLES ................................................................................................................................ 10-3
ACCOUNTING ENTRIES AFTER SECURITIZATION ....................................................................................... 10-5
AMOUNT TAGS ......................................................................................................................................... 10-9
EVENT-WISE ADVICES ............................................................................................................................ 10-10
REPORTS .................................................................................................................................................. 11-1
11.1 INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................................... 11-1
11.1.1 Generating Reports.......................................................................................................................... 11-1
11.1.2 Contents of the report ...................................................................................................................... 11-2
11.2 ACCRUAL CONTROL LIST ......................................................................................................................... 11-2
11.3 ACCRUAL CONTROL LIST SUMMARY ....................................................................................................... 11-3
11.4 ADVERSE STATUS REPORT ....................................................................................................................... 11-4
11.5
11.6
11.7
11.8
11.9
11.10
11.11
11.12
11.13
11.14
11.15
11.16
11.17
11.18
11.19
11.20
11.21
11.22
11.23
11.24
11.25
11.26
12.
12.1
ADVERSE STATUS SUMMARY REPORT ..................................................................................................... 11-6
AMORTIZATION REPORT ........................................................................................................................... 11-6
CONTRACT RETRIEVAL REPORT ............................................................................................................... 11-8
EVENT REPORT ....................................................................................................................................... 11-11
FORWARD CONTRACT REPORT ............................................................................................................... 11-12
FORWARD AMENDMENTS DETAILS CHANGES REPORT ....................................................................... 11-14
INTEREST CALCULATION ANALYSIS REPORT ..................................................................................... 11-16
LINKED CONTRACTS UTILIZATION REPORT ........................................................................................ 11-18
MATURITY REPORT ............................................................................................................................ 11-20
OVERDUE SCHEDULES DETAILS ......................................................................................................... 11-22
PERIODIC RATE REVISION .................................................................................................................. 11-24
LOAN PAYOFF CALCULATOR REPORT (ACCOUNT)............................................................................. 11-26
LOAN PAYOFF CALCULATOR REPORT (LINE) ..................................................................................... 11-27
LOAN HISTORY REPORT ..................................................................................................................... 11-29
AUTOMATIC LOAN PAYMENT EXCEPTION .......................................................................................... 11-30
LOAN PAST DUE NOTICE .................................................................................................................... 11-31
PAST DUE AND NONPERFORMING LOAN MONTH END PROJECTIONS REPORT .................................... 11-32
LEDGER VERIFICATION REPORT ......................................................................................................... 11-33
NEW LOANS REPORT .......................................................................................................................... 11-33
LOAN ROLLOVER MONITORING REPORT ............................................................................................ 11-35
LOAN REGISTER/TRIAL BALANCE REPORT......................................................................................... 11-36
LOAN ROLLOVER NOTICE................................................................................................................... 11-37
GLOSSARY ............................................................................................................................................... 12-1
IMPORTANT TERMS .................................................................................................................................. 12-1
1. About this Manual
1.1
Introduction
This manual is designed to help acquaint you with the Retail/Consumer Lending module of Oracle
FLEXCUBE.
It provides an overview of the module and guides you, through the various steps involved in
granting loans to the customers of your bank.
You can further obtain information about to a particular field by placing the cursor on the relevant
field and striking the <F1> key on the keyboard.
1.1.1 Audience
This manual is intended for the following User/User Roles:
Role
Function
Back office data entry clerk
Input functions for contracts
Back office managers/officers
Authorization functions
Product Managers
Product definition and authorization
End of Day operators
Processing during End of Day/ Beginning of Day
Financial Controller / Product Managers
Generation of reports
1.1.2 Organization
This manual is organized into the following chapters:
Chapter 1
About this Manual gives information on the intended audience. It also lists
the various chapters covered in this User Manual.
Chapter 2
Retail Lending—an Overview is a snapshot of the features that the module
provides.
Chapter 3
Maintenances and Operations discusses the procedure to maintain details of
the account which are necessary for disbursing the loan.
Chapter 4
Defining Product Categories and Products talks about defining the attributes
specific to setting up a loan product.
Chapter 5
Account Creation talks about creating customer accounts.
Chapter 6
Capturing Additional Details for a Loan talks about the additional details that
you can capture for a Loan account.
1-1
Chapter 7
Making Manual Disbursements describes the procedure to make a loan
disbursement using the ‘Manual’ mode.
Chapter 8
Operations deals with the payments details and changes that you can effect
on a loan.
Chapter 9
Batch Processes deals with processing the batch operations.
Chapter 10
Annexure A: Accounting Entries and Advices explains the types of
accounting entries and advices generated at each stage in the lifecycle of a
loan.
Chapter 11
Reports lists the possible reports that can be generated for the Module.
Chapter 12
Glossary lists the important terms and its definition
1.1.3 Related Documents
You may need to refer to any or all of the User Manuals while working on the Retail/Consumer
Lending module:
• Core
• Procedures
• Settlements
• Interest
• User Defined
1.1.4 Glossary of Icons
This User Manual may refer to all or some of the following icons.
Icons
Function
New
Copy
Save
Delete
Unlock
Print
Close
Re-open
1-2
Icons
Function
Reverse
Template
Roll-over
Hold
Authorize
Liquidate
Exit
Sign-off
Help
Add
Delete
Refer the Procedures User Manual for further details about the icons.
1-3
2. Retail Lending – An Overview
2.1
Introduction
The primary function of banks is to accept deposits and use it to dispense loans. Every time a
bank sanctions a loan it is creating an asset in its books. The interest a bank earns from lending
contributes substantially to its bottom line. Lending itself stimulates business activity in the
economy. Loan products offered by banks can be of various tenors, rates of interest, repayment
schedules and complexity. Thus, you can have short or long term loans; loans at fixed or floating
rates or a combination of the two; loans disbursed and repaid as a bullet or in installments and so
on.
A loan passes through various stages or events from the moment it is given till the time it is
repaid. The process begins with a loan application form in which the borrower is asked to furnish
their details and the kind of facility requested. The bank’s loans or credit department appraises
the application and takes a decision whether the applicant is eligible for the loan asked and
whether loan can be extended to that customer. The bank will apply its own parameters in
arriving at this decision. The factors which will go into this include the standing, character, track
record and the collaterals (securities) offered to secure the loan. Assuming that the loan is
sanctioned the bank gives a commitment and stipulates terms and conditions governing the
same. The bank may levy a processing charge at this stage. The loan amount is then disbursed
and credited to the settlement account of the borrower who draws the amount, uses it for the
purpose for which it was taken. Interest accrues on the account which has to be serviced by the
borrower besides repaying the principal amount as per the repayment schedule. If the loan is not
repaid or there is a delay the loan asset’s status is changed to reflect its deterioration. The bank
may also charge penal interest or interest on interest in such a scenario. Moreover then bank
may have to make provisions from its profits for such sub-standard loans. On the other hand if the
loan account is conducted well it will close on the date the last installment is due and paid. On
closure, the bank will return or lift the collaterals which it had taken. The loan cycle is now
complete.
The CL module in Oracle FLEXCUBE captures and maintains the parameters with respect to the
life cycle of the loan outlined above and this is detailed in the subsequent sections.
The Consumer Lending (CL) Module of Oracle FLEXCUBE is designed to cater to the lending
needs of banks and other financial institutions. It comprises of a two-step process namely,
• Loan Origination or Application Processing
• Loan Account Processing
The CL Module is also capacitated to interface with the Core Module of Oracle FLEXCUBE for
Accounting, Messaging and MIS related operations.
A brief explanation about the two stages and the various sub-stages are given below:
2.1.1 Loan Origination or Application Processing
This stage consists of the following two sub-stages:
2-1
2.1.1.1 Application Entry
During the application entry stage, the loan application is received from the applicant
(s)/customers. The following information of the customers is captured as part of application
processing:
• Personal and Professional details
• Details of Residence
• Financial position
• Asset Information
• Details of loan being availed
The applications will be identified by a unique application number and based on the details
furnished in the application and verifications performed thereafter; the loan may be approved or
rejected.
2.1.1.2 Loan Account Processing
The application moves to an account processing stage when the applicant becomes a customer
of your bank. The customer’s record will now be available in the bank’s customer database. A
Loan account is created which will be used to service the customer. Loan account creation
involves capturing the details of the final loan application into the features of the Loan. Loan
Accounts in Oracle FLEXCUBE will be created under Account Templates called ‘Products’. The
system resolves the product category and product on the basis of the application details.
The Loan Account thus created, reports to the Asset GL of the bank. Disbursements will debit the
loan account and hence a loan with outstanding balances will be in debit. Payments are credited
to the loan account. At the end of complete re-payment, the account becomes zero balanced and
is closed.
Product Categories are a logical grouping of certain products such as Vehicle Loans, Home
Loans etc. The banks/ FIs can setup different products based on services they offer.
When a customer loan is sanctioned, a loan account will be created under a specific loan account
product.
Hence, its’ features would default from the account product. The Loan account so created will be
used for further Loan servicing such as disbursements. The loan account balance will represent
the outstanding Principal that was advanced to the Customer. Interests will be calculated on this
balance based on the schedule and pricing setup. The Account processing stage involves the
following:
• Loan Account Creation
• Loan Initiation & Schedule setup
• Payments of Schedules
• Collections and Delinquency Management
• Loan Status Change Processing
• Amendments to Loans
• Disbursements
2-2
2.1.2 Interface with Other Modules
The CL Module interfaces with the following sub-systems/Modules of Oracle FLEXCUBE
• Security Management System (SMS)
• Core Services like Currency, General Ledger, End of Day, Accounting
• Central Liability (Limits)
• Bills - Cobranzas, Guarantees (through uploads)
2-3
3. Maintenances and Operations
3.1
Introduction
Before you begin using the Consumer Lending module, you must maintain the following
information in the system:
Bank Parameters
These are parameters that you need to specify at the bank level. These will include the following:
• Interest calculation parameters
• Amount blocks on inactive accounts
• Splitting of accounting entries for the offset leg
• Site specific maintenances
Branch Parameters
These are parameters that you need to specify at the branch level. These will determine the
following:
• Batch processing during holidays
• Netting of accounting entries for accrual, liquidation and status change
• Default Settlement Accounts
• Format/Mask for generation of Account numbers etc
• The structure of the schedule
• Schedule gap treatment
In addition, you also have to maintain the following:
UDE (User Data Elements) Rules
UDEs are used to build formulae to calculate the amount of interest applicable. These include
entities like Interest Rate, Amount Slab etc. that will hold values you provide. The UDEs
themselves are defined at the product level but you can use these UDEs to build rules with
different conditions based on which the UDE value should be arrived at.
You can maintain the UDE values at Product and Account level. You can also maintain Fixed
amount UDEs in other currencies.
Repayment holiday periods
For a calendar year, you can define holiday periods for customers during which they can avail a
repayment holidays.
Check Lists
For different events, you can maintain check lists. The check lists that you maintain here will be
validated during the execution of that event while processing the loan.
3-1
System Data Elements (SDEs)
Information that is constantly updated by the system, for instance, the balance in an account,
number of transactions processed etc. is referred to as SDEs. This information is readily available
for computation of penalties, Interest or charges. You need to identify the SDEs applicable for this
module.
Floating Rate maintenance
You can maintain floating rates for a Rate Code, Currency, Amount Slab and Effective Date
combination
User Defined Policies
These are validation and operations that are performed during the life cycle of a loan
Promotions
Promotions are special offers whereby you can offer special incentives/ concessions to
customers. You can link loans to one or more promotions
The above maintenances are discussed in detail in this chapter
3.2
Maintaining Bank Parameters
You can maintain the bank parameters in the ‘Retail Lending – Bank Parameters’ screen. You
can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDBKPMT’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application
toolbar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
Here you can capture the following details:
Bank Code
Specify the code that represents your bank
3-2
Limiting the number of records fetched
This specifies the number of rows displayed when query is done in Online screens
Include To date for Interest Calc
If you check this option, then accrual entries will be passed from the value date + 1 till the
maturity date. However, if this box is not checked, then accrual entries will be passed from the
value date till the maturity date - 1.
Amount Blocking for inactive account
Indicate whether an amount block needs to be imposed on an inactive account or not
Split Offset Leg
Check this box if you wish to have split accounting entries for the offset leg of a transaction. For
example, if a certain transaction debits a particular GL and credits two different GLs (as in off
balance sheet entries), the system will pass two debit entries for the first GL to be in sync with the
credit entries to the other GLs. If this option is not checked the accounting entries will be as
under:
Dr/Cr
Account
Amount
Dr
00000001
50
Cr
00000011
20
Cr
00000022
30
If this option is checked the accounting entries will be as under:
Dr/Cr
Account
Amount
Dr
00000001
20
Cr
00000011
20
Dr
00000001
30
Cr
00000022
30
Achieve Processed Records from events diary
The parameter Reference Date, Frequency, Unit will be used to archive the processed records in
Event Diary
The archival will be done in EOD by batch function. If this parameter is not set then no archive will
be done.
Purge Inactive Loans
Specify the tenor in units of days, months and year, for which you want to keep the inactive loans
for purging.
3-3
Cut off Transactions
Select the Cutoff GL from the option list. Transactions after 2:00 pm on a day will be considered
on the next working day. The accounting entries for such transactions will be passed into the
Cutoff GL and not the Settlement GL.
3.3
Maintaining Branch Parameters
You can maintain the branch parameters in the ‘Consumer Lending – Branch Parameters’
screen. You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDBRPMT’ in the field at the top right corner of
the Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
Branch parameters include the following:
Branch Code
You have to indicate the code of the branch for which the parameters have to be maintained. The
codes of the various branches of your bank are available in the option list provided.
When you select the code, the branch name is also displayed alongside.
Process Till Next Working Day – 1
This specification will determine the day on which automatic events such accrual, liquidation etc.
falling due on a holiday, should be processed. If you select this option, events scheduled for a
holiday will be processed on the last working day before the holiday.
3-4
Example
Assume that the current system date is 15th May ’05. Further, 16th and 17th are holidays. If you select
‘Process Till Next Working Day – 1’, when you execute the batch program during EOD of 15th May, the
th
th
events due on 16 and 17 will also be processed.
If you do not select this option, processing will be done upto the system date i.e. the current date.
The automatic events due on a holiday will be processed as part of the batch program run at
BOD on the next working day after the holiday.
Consider the example discussed above, if you do not check this option, the events due on 16th
and 17th will be processed as part of BOD operations on 18th May ’05, which the next working day
after the holidays.
SGEN At MLIQ
Check this box if you wish to generate SGEN during manual liquidation.
Netting
Here, you need to indicate the netting preference for posting entries during accrual, liquidation
and status change.
If you opt to net, the system will post a single consolidated entry for a GL and Currency
combination. If you do not select this option, entries are posted individually for each account.
The GL netting status change option can also be used to indicate installment level status change.
The Netting of Notices across Accounts can be used to indicate that for or all accounts for which
the payments falls due on a particular date, the requests for invoice generation should be
consolidated of billing statement for customer.
The loan accounts for which the reminder or demand note should be sent is tracked based on the
status of the account. The SDE ‘Next Schedule Date’ is set up to arrive at how many no. of days
in advance the payment notice should be generated. Based on the status of the loan account the
corresponding payment invoice format is set up.
The Auto allocate part payment option can be used if you want to do a partial payment through
auto allocation. For accounts which are marked for manual allocation of partial amount the
payment can be done in bulk using the ‘Consumer Lending – Bulk Payments’ screen.
For more details on Bulk payments refer section ‘Bulk Payments’ in the ‘Operations’ chapter of
Retail lending module.
Settlement
The settlement accounts for processing lending transactions have to be specified here. You have
to specify the Bridge GL/Account to be used for the settlement of the debit and credit legs of
transactions that would be processed at your branch. You can select the accounts from the option
lists provided for the same.
Account Auto Generated
You can select this option for automatic generation of account numbers. The system generates
the account numbers automatically when you create customer accounts through the ‘Account
Details’ screen. If this option is not checked, you have to capture the account number yourself.
For details on creating an account, refer the ‘Account Creation’ chapter of this User Manual.
3-5
Accounting Mask Required and Account Mask
To maintain uniformity in the account numbers generated/captured across a branch, you can
specify a format/mask for account numbers. If you specify that account numbers should conform
to a specific format, you have to specify the mask in the ‘Account Mask’ field.
Example
You may want the account numbers of your branch to be a combination of:
•
Branch Code (3 Characters)
•
Product (4 Characters)
•
Currency (3 Character currency code)
•
5 digit running sequence number
The account mask in this case would be: @ (BRN)@(PROD)@(CCY)@(SEQ:5)
An example of an account number conforming to the above mask would be DOC3ROLUSD60021.
If you opt for auto generation of account numbers but do not specify a mask, the generated
number will, by default, conform to the following format:
• 3 character Branch Code
• 4 character Product Code
• Date in Julian format (YYDDD)
• 4 digit running sequence number
An example of an account conforming to the above format is ‘DOCVSIM040960021’ where:
• ‘DOC’ is the Branch Code
• ‘VSIM’ is the Product Code
• ‘04096’ is the date equivalent to 5th April 2004 (04 – Year and 096 is the number of days
that have elapsed in the year).
• ‘0021’ is the running sequence number.
Also, if you maintain an account mask but do not opt to auto generate the account numbers, then,
during account capture you have to conform to the account mask maintained for the branch. If the
account is not as per the mask, the following error message is displayed:
Account number entered is not conforming to the account mask.
User Reference Number in Messages
Check this box to indicate that the User Reference Number provided in the account screen has to
be used in Tag 20 of MT103 and Tag 21 of MT202. If the box is unchecked, the loan account
number will be used instead of the User Ref no.
Auto Gen User ref
Check this box to indicate that system should auto generate user ref no during account creation.
IRR Processing
Check this option to trigger the YACR (Yield Accrual) event for the branch batch.
3-6
Schedule Structure
This option is used to indicate if the schedule definitions should honor the end dates or honor the
frequencies when the two contradict. The options are:
• Frequency Based
• Non-Frequency Based (the end dates contradict each other)
Example
For a product, you can define payment schedules based on the value date of the loan and/or based on the
calendar date. Assume that you have a housing loan product ‘HOME’ with the following payment schedule
details:
•
Unit – Monthly
•
Frequency – 1
•
Schedule Basis – Value Date
•
Tenor – 12 months
Case 1: Schedule structure is frequency based
th
A housing loan is initiated on 4 April 2004. As per the above details, the following schedule dates are
defaulted:
•
First Due Date: 4th May 2004 (one month after the disbursement date)
•
End Date:
months)
•
The last schedule is always a ‘Bullet’ schedule.
4th Mar 2005 (in between schedules being 4th June, 4th July and so on for 11
Note that the schedule dates are driven by the value date of the loan. At the account level, you can,
however, change the defaulted schedules. But the end dates should not contradict for the schedules.
For instance, you cannot define schedules with the following details:
First Due Date
No of Schedules
Frequency
End Date
04-MAY-2004
5
Monthly
04-SEPT-2004
01-OCT-2004
5
Monthly
01-FEB-2005
04-APR-2005
1
Bullet
04-APR-2005
Note that for the first and second schedules, the end dates are contradicting (4th Sep and 1st Feb
respectively). This is not allowed if the schedule structure is ‘Frequency Based’. The following error
message is displayed:
Input for component is not as per schedule frequency.
Case 2: Schedule structure is non-frequency based
If the schedule structure is non-frequency based, you can define schedules with contradicting end dates
(refer the schedule structure given in Case 1 above).
First Payment Schedule Gap Treatment
Here, you have to specify the manner in which you would like to treat the period/gap between the
loan disbursement date and the first payment. The options are:
• Treat as Payment
• Treat as Moratorium
3-7
Example
Assume that you make a disbursement on 1st January and the first payment is due on 1st March. This means
that there is a gap of two months between the disbursement and the first payment schedule. You can treat
this gap either as a ‘Payment’ schedule or a ‘Moratorium’ schedule. If you opt to treat it as a ‘Payment’
schedule, then, during product creation, you should define the payment schedule with the ‘Schedule Flag’
being ‘Normal’. You should also specify a separate formula for this schedule. This is also done at the
product level.
Similarly, if the gap is treated as a ‘Moratorium’, you should define a schedule with type ‘Moratorium’ and
also define a moratorium formula for the schedule.
Intermediate Schedule Gap Treatment
Here, you have to specify the manner in which the system should handle gaps between two
schedules. The available options are:
• Create New Schedule
• Advance current schedule
• Extend previous schedule
Example
Assume that the following are the two payment schedules for a loan:
•
1st May to 25th May
•
5th June to 25th June
Therefore, the gap between the two schedules is 10 i.e. from 26th May to 4th June. To handle this gap, you
can instruct the system to do any one of the following:
•
Create a new schedule in which case a new schedule is defined for the gap period i.e. 10 days.
•
Advance the current schedule, wherein the second schedule will start from 26th May instead of 5th
June and go upto 25th June.
•
Extend the previous schedule in which case the first schedule goes upto the 4th of June instead of
25th May.
Pre-Payment Penalty Year
Indicate the type of pre-payment penalty year. You can select one of the following options:
• Loan Year
• Financial Year
• Calendar Year
Computation of prepaid amount in a year depends upon the selection of the above option. Based
on the option selected, the date range is interpreted by the system for considering the ceiling of
prepaid amount in a year. You can not change this option after the first authorization of the CL
branch parameters.
Loan Year ranges between value date of the loan and completion of that particular year. Financial
Year ranges between start date of the financial year and the end date of the financial year.
Calendar Year ranges between the start date of the calendar year and end date of the calendar
year.
Example
Let us assume the following:
Value Date: 05-JAN-2000
Maturity Date: 05-JAN-2020
3-8
Loan Year
Year wise penalty free computation is considered like 05-JAN-2000 to 04-JAN-2001, 05-JAN-2001 to 04JAN-2002, 05-JAN-2002 to 04-JAN-2003 and so on.
Financial Year
If financial year is maintained from April to March, in such a scenario, year wise Penalty free computation
will be considered like 01-APR-2000 to 31-MAR-2001, 01-APR-2001 to 31-MAR-2002, 01-APR-2002 to 31MAR-2003 and so on.
Calendar Year
Year-wise penalty free computation is considered like 05-JAN-2000 to 31-DEC-2000, 01-JAN-2001 to 31DEC-2001, 01-JAN-2002 to 31-DEC-2002 and so on.
The amount prepaid is stored in a data store year-wise. This data store is value date based. This
table is updated at the time of save of payment. Also during deletion and reversal operations this
table is updated correctly. The impact of prepaid amount is cancelled from the table during
deletion/reversal. The pre-payment penalty amount collected is also stored in the same data
store.
At the product level you have to maintain a UDE for handling maximum prepayment amount in a
financial year. Let us assume that the UDE is maintained as MAX_PREPAID_PCT. You can
maintain the default value of the above UDE from the product. System validates that the extent of
pre-paid amount doesn’t exceed the percentage maintained at product level at the time of prepayment.
Example
Assume the following:
Principal: 1000000 USD
Pre-payment penalty
Free percentage: 5% (This will be taken from UDE value: MAX_PREPAID_PCT.)
5 % of 100000 = 50000
Hence, every year up to 50000 USD can be paid as an early repayment without any penalty.
Value date: 01-JUN-2000
Maturity date: 01-JUN-2020
Schedules: 240 monthly
During liquidation, value date of the payment is compared with the start date of the year,
i.e. Value date of payment: 01-OCT-2008
If the borrower is doing pre-payment (prepaid amount = amount paid – (amount due + amount overdue) then
system will validate this against allowed prepaid amount.
EMI: 9744.85 USD
Amount paid: 40000 USD
Prepaid amount: 40000 – (9744.85 + 0) = 30255.15 USD
This 30255.15 USD is validated against 50000 USD and from the data store of prepaid amount between 01OCT-2008 and 01-JUN-2008. Since this is under allowed prepayment amount no penalty is applied against
this pre-payment.
If already some prepayment has happened for the contract in the same year of 20000 USD, system will
fetch the same from the data store of prepaid amount and add it to the current prepaid amount i.e. 20000 +
30255.15 = 50255.15 USD. It is more than the allowed pre paid amount. Hence penalty is applicable and
penalty is calculated for the amount 255.15 (50255.15 – 50000) USD.
3-9
After setting up the branch parameters, you have to save the details. Click Save icon to save the
details in the system. However, the parameters take effect only after your supervisor authorizes
the same.
3.4
Defining UDE Rules
User Defined Elements (UDEs) refer to entities like Interest Rates, Amount/Tier Slabs whose
value you can specify and at the same time maintain different values with different effective
dates. For instance, you can indicate that interest should be calculated at five percent on a
certain date and specify a higher rate effective at a later date.
The UDEs, per say, are defined at the product level and the actual values are provided for a
combination of Product, Currency, UDE Rule, and Effective Date in the ‘UDE Values’ screen. This
will be defaulted at the account level and you can override the same with account specific values.
You can define UDE Rules based on which the UDE Values will be picked up at the account
level. UDE Rules are conditional expressions built using the SDEs like Loan Amount, Tenor,
Rate, Customer Category etc. These rules can be created independently and later attached at the
time of maintaining UDE Values. You can associate multiple rules and specify UDE values for
each rule. You can maintain the rules in the ‘UDE Rules’ screen. You can invoke this screen by
typing ‘CLDUDRMT’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking on
the adjoining arrow button.
The following information should be captured to create a UDE Rule:
Rule Code
You have to specify a unique code consisting of a maximum of four alphanumeric characters, to
identify the rule in Oracle FLEXCUBE. This is mandatory to save the record.
Condition
You can build multiple conditions for a rule. To do this, click on ‘Condition’ in the screen above.
The following screen is displayed:
3-10
You can create conditions using the following:
• Fields: The SDEs that are factory shipped or maintained in the ‘System Data Elements’
screen are available in this list.
• Operators: This list includes the mathematical operators:
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
Equal To
Greater Than
Greater Than or Equal To
Less Than
Less Than or Equal To
Like
Not Like
Not Equal To
• Logical Operators:
¾
¾
And: Use ’And’
Or: Use ’OR”
• Value: The value of the SDE selected to define the condition should be entered here. The
value may be numeric or alphanumeric, as required for the condition.
After building the condition, click ‘Accept’ to accept the same. To remove a condition, click ‘Clear’
in the screen.
After you build the condition(s), click ‘Ok’ in the screen. You will return to the ‘UDE Rules’ screen.
The condition defined is displayed in this screen.
Example
Assume that you want to charge interest at 12% for home loans (Product Code - HOME) where the loan
amount is greater than or equal to 100, 000 and an interest rate of 10% on loans less than 100,000. You can
build these conditions in the form of UDE Rules.
Rule ID
Condition
UDE1
AMOUNT_FINANCED >=100000
3-11
Rule ID
Condition
UDE2
AMOUNT_FINANCED<100000
At the time of assigning values for the UDE ‘INTEREST’ (assuming that this is the UDE defined for the
product in the ‘UDE Values’ screen(discussed below), you can associate the above rules and for a product,
currency, rule and effective date combination, you can specify the value as 12 and 10 respectively.
Depending on the condition that the loan satisfies (whether >= 100000 OR less than 100000), the
appropriate rate is picked up for interest calculation.
Refer the section titled ‘Specifying product Main details’ in the ‘Defining Product Categories and
Products’ chapter of this User Manual for details on defining UDEs.
3.5
Providing UDE Values
The actual values for the UDEs defined during product creation (in the ‘Main’ tab of the
‘Consumer Lending Product’ screen) is maintained in the ‘UDE Values’ screen. You can invoke
this screen by typing ‘CLDUDVMT’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar
and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
In this screen, you can maintain values for a ‘Product Code+ Description+Currency Code + UDE
Rules + UDE Dates+ UDE Values’ combination. The following details have to be captured here.
Product Code
You have to select the product for which the UDE values have to be maintained. The products
offered at your bank are available for selection in the option list provided.
Description
After selecting the product the system will automatically generate a description for the product.
3-12
Currency Code
For the product selected, specify the relevant currency. This becomes the UDE currency and the
values you capture for the UDE is expressed in this currency. The option list will include the
currencies maintained in the ‘Currency Definition’ screen. You can select a relevant code from
this list.
For details on ‘Currency Definition’ screen, refer the ‘Currency Maintenance’ chapter of the Core
Services User Manual.
UDE Rules
Here, you have to associate the relevant UDE Rule(s). The rules maintained in the ‘UDE Rules’
screen are available in the option list. For each associated rule, you can specify UDE values with
different effective dates and depending on the rule that the loan satisfies, the corresponding UDE
values become applicable to the loan and same are picked for Interest, Charge, Tax, Commission
and Fee computation.
The UDE Rule is mandatory to save the record. The system will automatically link the default
rule if you do not associate a rule.
Effective Date
You have to specify the effective dates for the UDE values. This is the date on which the UDE
value becomes applicable in the system. The date should be in MM-DD-YYYY format. For a rule,
you can maintain UDE values with different effective dates.
UDE ID
The UDEs defined for the selected product is automatically displayed here.
UDE Value
For each UDE displayed for the selected product, enter the UDE value. As mentioned, you can
maintain values with different effective dates. Note that the UDE values should fall within the
minimum and maximum limit specified for the UDEs linked to the product.
Rate Code
If you want the UDE to have a floating interest rate, select the applicable rate code from the
option list. Depending on the rate code selected, the rates are picked up from the ‘Floating Rate
Code Definition’ screen. In this case, the value captured for the UDE becomes the spread against
the rate code.
For instance, assume that the rate code is ‘MIBOR’ and the UDE value is 2 (positive spread). If
the rate picked up as per the rate code (taking into consideration the effective date, amount slab
and tenor) is 5%, then the actual interest applicable would be 7% (5 + 2). Similarly, if it were a
negative spread, the interest would be 3% (5 – 2).
For details on maintaining floating rate codes, refer the section titled ‘Maintaining Floating Interest
Rates’ in this chapter.
UDE Currency
The Currency of the UDE for UDE of Amount type will be captured
3-13
Code Usage
This is applicable only if you associate a ‘Rate Code’ with the UDE. It indicates the frequency at
which you want to refresh the floating rates. The options are:
• Automatic: This implies that the rates will be automatically refreshed every time a rate
change occurs. Therefore, rates are reapplied to the loans as and when there is a rate
change.
• Periodic: This means that the rates will be refreshed based on the Rate Revision Schedule
maintained at the component level (in the ‘Components’ tab of the ‘Consumer Lending
Product’ screen).
It is mandatory to specify the Rate Code usage if the rate code is maintained.
Cascade
You can change the UDE values even after creating accounts under the product. The cascade
feature is used to determine the manner in which the change should be handled. If you choose to
cascade (select ‘YES’), the change becomes applicable to all the existing accounts under the
product. However, if you do not cascade the changes, the new UDE values become applicable
only to accounts created subsequent to the change.
3.5.1 Maintaining Fixed Amount UDEs in other Currency
To maintain UDEs in a currency different from the loan currency, you have to maintain the values
separately for each currency. At the time of loan creation, the values defined for the UDE
Currency is picked up and is displayed (in the ‘UDE Value’ field of the ‘Account Details’ screen)
after conversion into the loan currency equivalent.
Example
Assume that at the product level (Product Code: HOME), you define three UDEs (of type ‘Amount’), each in
a different currency.
•
UDE1 in CLP (loan currency)
•
UDE2 in USD
•
UDE3 in GBP
At the time of capturing the values for these UDEs in the ‘UDE Values’ screen, you have to maintain UDE
values for the following three combinations:
•
HOME + CLP + Default UDE Rule + Effective Date + UDE1
•
HOME + USD + Default UDE Rule + Effective Date + UDE2
•
HOME + GBP + Default UDE Rule + Effective Date + UDE3
At the account level, the value corresponding to the UDE currency (as specified at the product level) is
picked up. For UDE1, the value corresponding to the first combination is picked up, likewise for UDE2 and
UDE3 the values corresponding to the 2nd and 3rd combinations resp. are picked up.
The values, however, are displayed after conversion into the loan currency equivalent.
3.6
Applying the UDE Cascade Function
You also have the feature to change the value of a UDE for all the existing accounts under a
product. However, the change will be applicable only to the existing accounts. UDE values for
new accounts created under the product will be picked as per your specifications in the ‘UDE
Values’ screen.
3-14
You can define new UDE values for existing accounts in the ‘UDE Cascade’ screen. To invoke
this screen type ‘CLDUDCMT’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and
click the adjoining arrow button.
The code of the login branch is displayed here. The following information is captured in this
screen:
Reference
After saving the UDE cascade function, Reference will be generated by system itself
Branch code
Input the branch code in which the relevant data is maintained
CCY Code
Select a currency maintained for the product from the option list provided. The UDE value is
applied in the currency selected here
Product Code
Select a product for which you have to change the UDE value. The change becomes applicable
to all the existing accounts under the product
UDE Effective Date
The date on which the new UDE value is brought into effect is captured here. The date format
should be ‘MM-DD-YYYY’
After you specify the effective date, the system automatically generates a unique ‘Reference’
Number
UDE Id
The option list will display the UDEs defined for the selected product. Select the UDE that
requires a change in value. When you select the UDE, the ‘Old Ude Value’ is also displayed in
the next field.
New UDE Value
Provide the new value for the selected UDE
3-15
3.7
Maintaining Adhoc Charge Types
In order to maintain the various ad hoc charge types invoke the ‘Adhoc Charges Type’ screen.
This screen allows you to capture and store ad hoc charge types such as legal fees, notary fees,
and administration fees etc. which are applicable at the collection stage of the loan. You can
invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDADCMT’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool
bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
Charge Type
Specify the charge type that can be levied on a loan in case of any delayed repayments. The
valid values are of the type Admin Fee, Legal Fee, etc
Charge Desc
Specify a detailed description of the Charge Type.
3.8
Maintaining Adhoc Charges
You can maintain adhoc charges in the system using the ‘Adhoc Charges’ screen. You can
invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDADCHG’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool
bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
3-16
You need to enter the following details in the screen above:
Branch
Select the branch code of the bank that is servicing the loan.
Account Number
Select the account number on which the charges are to be levied from the option list.
Internal Ref No
A unique identifier for the specific ad hoc charge is displayed here. This is system generated.
Component Name
Select the component that is to be used to track the ad hoc charge from the option list.
Credit Account
Specify the account (GL) to which the ad hoc charges collected are to be credited from the option
list. This in most cases is the account of the Collection Agency.
Charge Type
Select the charge type to be levied on a loan from the option list. The values in the option list are
the charge types maintained using the Adhoc Charge Type maintenance.
Charge Incurred date
Specify the date on which the charge is to be levied on the customer. This cannot be a future
date. Also, it should pass the accounting for ad hoc charges with a back date.
Reason
Specify the reason for which the charge is being levied on the account.
Currency
Select the currency for the adhoc charge.
Amount
Specify the amount of the ad hoc charge to be levied on the customer account.
Original Exchange Rate
The base or actual exchange rate between the adhoc charge component currency and account
currency gets displayed here.
Exchange Rate
For a customer availing any Relationship Pricing scheme, the customer specific exchange rate
derived by adding the original exchange rate and the customer spread maintained for the
relationship pricing scheme gets displayed here.
If Relationship Pricing is not applicable, Exchange Rate will be the same as the Original
Exchange Rate.
3-17
For more details on customer specific exchange rates, refer the section titled ‘Specifying Pricing
Benefit Details’ in Relationship Pricing user manual.
You can reverse the adhoc charges entered in the system. The Reversal button is enabled for all
authorized adhoc charges entered in the system. The contract status for the adhoc charge will
have the value as ‘PAID’ or ‘REVERSED’. Post reversal of the adhoc charge, the contract status
is displayed as ‘REVERSED’.
At the time of Authorizing of reversal of Adhoc Charges, re-computation of IRR is done by the
system if IRR is applicable for the product. The unauthorized reversals can be deleted and
authorized. The delete and Authorize buttons will be enabled for unauthorized reversals.
The event code used for reversal of adhoc charge is RADC (Reversal of Adhoc Charge).
Adhoc charge reversal is not allowed if any event happens after the adhoc charge event. In such
case, the event needs to be reversed first and then only adhoc charge can be reversed. The
possible events are ALIQ/MLIQ, VAMI, DSBR, REVN.
3.9
Maintaining Holiday Periods
You can identify certain periods in the calendar as holiday periods when customers would have
other expenses and would like to avail a repayment holiday. This would typically be during
Christmas/New Year or for anniversary celebrations. Although, Interest computation continues for
this period, repayments are not scheduled.
You can define repayment holiday periods in the ‘Holiday Period’ screen.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDHOLMT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
The following information is captured to define a holiday period:
Period Code
You have to capture a unique code to identify the period in the system. The code can comprise of
30 alphanumeric characters.
3-18
Date From and Date To
For the period code specified, capture the holiday period i.e. the start date and end date for the
holidays. The date format should be ‘MM-DD-YYYY’. It is mandatory to specify the date range to
save the holiday period.
Anniversary Period
This option is used to define an anniversary period. If you check this option, the holidays will be
repeated every year for the given range of dates. By default, the system checks this option.
Principal Repayment Holiday
If you check this option, the system will apply the holiday period to the principal component alone.
The simple interest formula defined at the product level will not be affected. By default, this option
is unchecked. However, you may modify it.
While defining a loan contract, you may apply the holiday period codes maintained using this
screen.
Example
Suppose that a product has dual formula for the MAIN_INT component as shown:
Formula Name
Formula Type
FRM_MAIN_INT
Amortized
FRM_MAIN_INT_1
Non-amortized
A holiday period ‘PRINHOL’ is maintained as shown below:
Field
Value
Period Code
PRINHOL
From Date
1-Oct-00
To Date
1-Nov-00
Anniversary Period
Y
Principal Repayment Holiday
Y
Contract details are shown in the following table:
Value Date
01-Jan-2000
Maturity Date
31-Dec-2000
Once ‘PRINHOL’ has been linked as holiday period linkage, the system will generate Comp SCH as shown
in the following table:
Formula
First Due Date
No. of Schedules
Frequency
Schedule Type
FRM_MAIN_INT
01-Feb-2000
8
1
Monthly
3-19
Formula
First Due Date
No. of Schedules
Frequency
Schedule Type
FRM_MAIN_INT_1
01-Oct-2000
1
1
Monthly
FRM_MAIN_INT
01-Nov-2000
8
1
Monthly
FRM_MAIN_INT
01-Dec-2000
8
1
Bullet
3.10 Maintaining Check Lists
You can maintain check list for different events using the ‘Check List Maintenance’ screen. The
check lists that you maintain here will be validated during the execution of that event while
processing the loan. For E.g.- A checklist of documents required for loan processing can be
maintained like ID proof, Bank statements, Income etc.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDCHKMT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
The following details have to be captured here:
Event Code
Select the event code for which check list items have to be maintained from the drop down list.
Check List Item
Specify the check list item name that you want to maintain for the selected event. The check list
items that you maintain here will be validated by the system during that event, while processing
the loan.
3.11 Maintaining System Data Elements
The balance in the account for which the interest has to be calculated depends on the activities
that take place in the customer account over a period of time. This information is constantly
updated in the system and is readily available for computation of interest or charges. Data
elements of this sort are called ‘System Data Elements’ (SDEs) because the values for the SDEs
are necessarily picked up by the system while applying interest. You cannot input the values for
these elements.
3-20
You can capture the various SDEs in the ‘System Data Elements’ screen. You can invoke this
screen by typing ‘CLDSDEMT’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and
clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
You have to maintain the following to define a SDE:
Element ID
Capture an id to uniquely identify the SDE in the system. You can devise an Id comprising a
maximum of 30 alphanumeric characters.
Function Name
Here, you have to associate the Oracle function which would calculate the SDE value internally.
The values available in the option list are factory shipped. The system picks up the value
computed by the function for use in interest calculation.
Data Type
This indicates the nature of the data the SDE represents. The options are:
• Character
• Number
• Date
Language Code and Language Text
Select a language for the SDE being defined. You can select a code from the option list provided.
The system automatically displays the corresponding text in the language selected for the SDE.
Language Description
Here, you have to provide the description of the SDE being defined, in the language selected.
The description should not exceed 30 alphanumeric characters.
3-21
System Data elements can be balances like PRINCIPAL_EXPECTED, PRINCIPAL_OVERDUE
etc. Some Oracle FLEXCUBE entities required for formula generation/rule set up will be factory
shipped.
The list of standard SDEs available for use are given below:
Name
Description
TENOR
Duration for which the loan is applied for in days
CUSTOMER_CATEGORY
Category of the customer of the loan which is
maintained at the customer information file level
BRANCH_CODE
Code of the branch where the loan account is
opened
ACCOUNT_CCY
Loan account's currency
LOAN_STATUS
Status of the loan account
CUSTOMER_ID
Primary customer's id for a loan account
NO_OF_RPMNT_SCHS
Number of repayment schedules excluding the
moratorium ones
INCREASED_PRINCIPAL
Increase in the principal
DAYS
Days in a month
YEAR
Days in a year
RISK_CLASSIFICATION
Risk classification at line level which can be used at
status change
PREPAID_AMOUNT
Amount that has been prepaid
MORA_OUTSTANDING
Total moratorium outstanding amount
TOTAL_MORA_AMOUNT
Total moratorium amount
INDEX_CCY
Index currency
NEXT_WORKDAY
Next working day of the branch
LAST_WORK_DAY
Last working day of the branch
TODAY
Today's branch date
TOTAL_PRINCIPAL
Amount for which the loan is applied for
AMOUNT_FINANCED
Amount for which the loan is applied for
PRINCIPAL
Amount disbursed
3-22
Name
Description
INT_SUSPENSION_DATE
Interest suspension date based on risk classification.
If classification is C, then the suspension date is one
year from today's date. If classification is D, then the
suspension is immediate.
COMPOUND_VALUE
Amount compounded within a schedule and is used
internally
RESIDUAL_DAYS
Tenor of the loan
WORST_SCH
Worst Instalment Status
APPLICATION_DATE
Application date in loan origination
APPLICATION_SCORE
Application score in loan origination
APPLICATION_TENOR
Application tenor in loan origination
APPLICATION_PRINCIPAL
Application principal amount in loan origination
_OVR_DAYS
<Component> overdue days
_EXPECTED
<Component> expected amount
_OUTSTAND
<Component> outstanding amount
_CCY
<Component> currency
_OVERDUE
<Component> overdue amount
_INS_OVR_DAYS
<Component> number of days between the schedule
due date and the maturity date
_FN_NO_REPAY_SCH
<Component> number of schedules for a component
if periodic
_NET_PRINCIPAL
<Component> amount financed
_SCHODUE
<Component> schedule amount due less amount
settled
EMI_AMOUNT
The EMI amount for amortized loan contracts, in the
current schedule for rental cash flow type of Loans
TOTAL_SCHODUE
Amount overdue for the schedule.
NUM-INSTLMNT-OVRDUE
Number of overdue installments
3-23
3.12 Maintaining Floating Interest Rates
You can apply interest either as ‘Fixed’ rate or as ‘Floating’ rate. A Floating Rate corresponds to
the market rates for the day. These rates are maintained and updated daily (or whenever they
change,) in the ‘Floating Rate Maintenance’ screen.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CFDFLTRT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
The floating interest rates are defined through this screen. A Rate Code identifies a set of rates
defined for a combination of Currency, Amount Slab (optional) and Effective Date. Also, for each
such combination, you can maintain rates that can differ by each tenor.
The following details have to be captured here:
Rate Code and Description
You can maintain new rate codes and also provide values for existing ones (like MIBOR, LIBOR
etc). For a new code, you need to capture a unique id. The id can include a maximum 10
alphanumeric characters.
Currency
You have to associate each Rate Code with a currency. You can define rates for the same Rate
Code in different currencies. Select a currency from the option list provided.
3-24
Effective Date
Each rate that you define for a Rate Code and Currency combination should have an Effective
Date associated with it. This is the date on which the rate comes into effect. Once a rate comes
into effect, it will be applicable till a rate with another Effective Date is given for the same Rate
Code and Currency combination.
Example
Rate Code
-
TERMDEP45
Currency
-
U S Dollar
Effective Date
Interest Rate
01 January 2005
12.5%
14 January 2005
12.0%
31 January 2005
13.0%
These rates will be applicable as follows:
Period
Interest Rate
1st January to 13 January 2005
12.5%
14th January to 30 January 2005
12.0%
31st January to one day before the next date
13.0%
The rates will be applied to a contract depending on whether it has been defined with
‘Automatic’ Rate Code Usage or ‘Periodic’ Rate Code Usage. You can specify this in the ‘UDE
Values’ screen.
Amount Slab
For a specific Rate Code and Currency combination, you can define an amount slab. However,
this is not mandatory. A rate that has been defined for an Effective Date - Amount Slab
combination will be applicable to an amount less than or equal to the specified amount.
Example
Let us extend the example we discussed for Rates and Effective Dates to include amount limits.
Amount (USD)
Effective Date
Interest Rate
10,000
01 January ‘05
12.5%
50,000
01 January ‘05
13.0%
999.9 million
01 January ‘05
14.0%
If the rates have to be applied on 1st Jan ‘05, they will be picked up as follows:
3-25
•
For a loan with an amount less than or equal to USD10, 000 the rate will be 12.5%.
•
For a loan with an amount greater than USD 10,000 and less than or equal to 50,000 the rate will
be 13%.
•
For a loan with an amount greater than USD 50,000 and less than or equal to USD 999.9 million,
the rate applied will be 14%.
A huge amount (999.9 million) has been given as the last amount limit. This denotes that
after 50,000 there is no upper limit in the slab
Borrow/Lend Indicator
For every Amount Slab - Effective Date combination, you should define the rate to be applied as
a borrow rate, a lend rate or a mid rate. Borrow rates are applied for loans taken by the bank and
lend rates applied on loans disbursed.
Tenor and Interest Rates
The rates that will be applied for a given combination of Amount Slab – Effective date –
Lend/Borrow Indicator can be tenor based. In this screen, you can also define interest rates for
different tenors.
For instance, for an amount slab you can maintain rates for the Rate Code LIBOR for tenors 1 30 Days, 30 – 90 Days and so on. If you do not maintain tenor wise interest rates, you have to
maintain the tenor as ‘0’ and then specify the rate. This is mandatory to save the details.
3.12.1 Maintaining Parameters for Premature Withdrawal of TD
Oracle FLEXCUBE allows you to capture current TD balance amount using the SDE
‘DEPOSIT_AMOUNT’ which will consider TD amount – sum of partial redemption amount. You
need to maintain the parameters by capturing the Interest rates on the basis of tenor, minimum
amount, currency and effective date for a TD. Based on these parameters, the system picks the
corresponding rate during Normal Maturity, Pre-Closure and Partial Redemption of TD.
Oracle FLEXCUBE also provides additional spread rate maintenance in addition to interest rate
for TD based on the parameters maintained which is added to the derived interest rate from the
rate chart maintenance and used for Interest calculation.
3.12.1.1 Calculating Interest Rate during Normal Maturity of a TD
Oracle FLEXCUBE performs calculation of Interest Rate during normal Maturity of a TD. During
interest liquidation on maturity for Withholding Tax, the system derives the interest rate from the
rate maintenance in ‘LD MM Floating Rate Input’ screen based on tenor, minimum amount,
currency and effective date for a TD.
3.12.1.2 Calculating Interest Rate during Partial redemption of a TD
Oracle FLEXCUBE performs calculation on partial redemption of the TD. On partial redemption,
the system performs the following actions:
• It credits the redemption amount to customer payout account and debits from TD account.
• It recalculates the tenor for the redemption amount i.e., Reduced Tenor = Completed tenor
from the TD value date till the partial redemption date in months.
• It recalculates the profit for the previous periods including the current period (Till partial
redemption date) by considering the redemption amount as the TD amount and on the
reduced tenor.
3-26
• It applies the interest based on the new reduced tenor. The amount slab derived from the
rate chart maintenance is ‘Amount 1’.
• It recalculates the interest for the remaining amount from TD Start date till last liquidation
period by considering the remaining amount as TD balance and on the original tenor of TD
is ‘Amount 2’.
• In case of TD payouts, the system calculates the interest amount paid to the customer till
date which is ‘Amount 3’.
• If the interest for the previous periods is already paid to the customer, then the system
debits the customer with the difference amount between already liquidated amount till the
last liquidation date and newly recalculated profit (for redemption amount and remaining
amount) and debits customer with Amount3 – (Amount1+Amount2).
• The system considers the balance amount after the partial redemption as the new TD with
the original TD tenor.
3.12.1.3 Calculating Interest Rate during Pre Closure of a TD
Oracle FLEXCUBE allows calculating Interest Rate during Pre Closure of a TD. The system
performs the following action during calculation on Pre Closure of the TD:
• It credits the TD balance to customer payout account and debits from TD account
• It calculate the completed tenor of TD
• It calculates the interest rates for the amount slab and completed tenor from the rate chart
maintenance.
• It recalculates the interest from TD start date, including pre closure period by considering
the redemption amount and reduced tenor. Then the system debits the customer account
with the difference between already liquidated amount and newly calculated amount till the
previous period of pre closure.
• It reverses the accrued amount for the current period.
• Close the TD
Note the following:
• The system picks the floating rates at the time of booking and rollover only.
• The system does not post any separate accounting entries for Penalty
• The system does not allow re-populating at liquidation at IC product level, when the
account class of type ‘Rate Chart Allowed’ is checked at the IC product.
• The redemption with Cashiers Check, PC and Child TD not allowed in case of account
class (of account) having ‘Rate Chart Allowed’.
3.13 Maintaining User Defined Policies
User defined Policies are special validations and operations to be performed before or after a life
cycle event of a loan. You can maintain policies in the ‘User Policy’ screen.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDPOLMT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
3-27
Specify the following details to maintain a policy:
Policy Code and Policy Description
A policy code identifies a policy uniquely in the system. The code is used to link the policy to a
product/account. You can devise a code consisting of a maximum of 20-alphanumeic characters.
Also, for the code captured, provide a brief description in not more than 35 alphanumeric
characters. The description is used for information purposes only.
Policy Category
Select the category to which the policy should belong. This implies if the Policy is to be linked to
an Application (Origination and API or Product setup). The two options are:
• Origination
• Servicing
Specifying Policy Details
Expression Line
You can maintain multiple expressions for a policy and each expression is identified by a unique
serial number. The serial number can consist of a maximum 6 digits.
Policy Expression
Here, you have to specify the expression for the policy which when satisfied by the loan, will
trigger the corresponding action. You can maintain multiple expressions and action codes under a
policy. Depending on the expression that is evaluated successfully, appropriate ‘Action Id’ is
triggered. However, an expression is not mandatory to define a policy.
3-28
Action Id
You have to select the action that is to be triggered when the corresponding expression becomes
valid for the loan. This refers to the wrapper name that is mapped to the actual PL/SQL code that
executes the policy. Select the action id from the option list provided. The values available in the
list are factory shipped.
The policies defined through ‘User Policy’ screen become available for association at the ‘Product
Category’ level.
For more details, refer the section titled ‘Maintaining Product Categories’ in the ‘Defining Product
Categories and Products’ chapter of this User Manual.
3.14 Maintaining Standard Policies
You can also categorize the policies defined through the ‘User Policy’ screen as ‘Standard
Policies’ in the ‘Policy Maintenance’ screen.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDSTDPL’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
To maintain a standard policy, you have to specify the following in the screen:
Module
A standard policy is defined for a Module and Event combination. You have to select the module
for which the policy should be applied. The option list will display the list of valid Oracle
FLEXCUBE modules.
Event Code
The events defined for the selected Module are displayed in the option list provided. You may
select an event from this list.
Policy Code
The policies maintained in the ‘User Policy’ screen are available in the option list provided. Select
the appropriate policy for the selected Module and Event combination.
3-29
3.15 Maintaining Bulk Payment Preferences
If indicated at the Loans/Commitments level that bulk payments need to be maintained for an
account, then preferences for the bulk payments are maintained at the Bulk Payment Preferences
screen. Under a Loan/Commitment a customer can make multiple disbursements under that
Loan/Commitment account. These multiple payments are treated as separate transactions with
separate products and interest components. On payment of the Principal amount of any of the
loans the Loan/Commitment is restored to the customer. As these multiple disbursals are treated
as individual transactions, hence the Bulk Payment option provides the customer to make a
single payment across for multiple payments. This payment can be configured to be split
automatically among the different disbursals made based on a defined rule.
The Bulk Payment Preferences screen can be used for maintaining the priority for auto as well as
manual liquidation of bulk payments. Invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDBPPRF’ in the field at the
top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
The following details need to be specified for maintaining the bulk payment preferences for
multiple disbursals made under a single line/commitment:
Branch
The branch where the bulk payments preferences are maintained for a CL account is displayed
here. The maintenance is done at this branch. The preferences maintained for each
loan/commitment are only for this branch.
Bulk Entity
Select the bulk entity applicable for these payments from the option list provided. You can select
the following values
•
Limit Line – This option displays all the valid limit lines in the current branch which have
been attached to any of the loan accounts; when the bulk payment option has been
selected for the same.
•
Commitment – The valid commitment reference numbers attached to any of the loan
accounts in the current branch are displayed on selecting this option; when the bulk
payment option has been selected for the same.
3-30
•
All
Liability ID
Select the liability identification number based on the bulk entity type selected, from the option
list. For bulk entity type limit line the liability IDs for which limit line is linked to CL account are
listed. For Commitment bulk entity type the commitment IDs linked to the CL account are listed.
You can select ‘All’ option if you want to display both limit line and commitment in the list of
values.
Bulk Entity Reference
Specify the bulk entity reference number associated with the relevant loan account. You can also
select the bulk entity reference from the adjoining option list. The list displays the reference
number based on the bulk entity type and liability ID.The bulk entity reference lists values as ‘ALL’
indicating that the rule is common for all references attached to a branch and not a specific
reference maintained for that particular branch.
Allow Partial Liquidation
Check this box to indicate that the partial payment is allowed for the individual loan amounts. If
the payment amount is sufficient to liquidate only partially as against the total due amount then if
the partial liquidation option is allowed then a partial amount is allocated against the total due
amount.
Partial allocation is allowed for dues for all priority options. For all prioritization options, if the total
payment amount provided for bulk payment only partially satisfies liquidation, then partial amount
is allocated against the amount due, only if the Partial allocation box is checked otherwise the
schedule is skipped from liquidation.
3.15.1.1 Selecting Prioritization options
Select the appropriate prioritization option. You can select the following options:
• Earliest Due First
• Highest Due First
• Component Prioritization
On selecting Component Prioritization the ‘Component Prioritization’ details are enabled for entry.
However on selecting the same Account level and Schedule Level are disabled for entry.
The following Priority combinations can be selected:
• Earliest Due first /Account level/partial allocation allowed.
• Earliest Due first /Account level/partial allocation not allowed.
• Earliest Due first /Schedule level/partial allocation allowed.
• Earliest Due first /Schedule level/partial allocation not allowed.
• Highest Due first / Account level/partial allocation allowed.
• Highest Due first /Account level/partial allocation not allowed.
• Component Prioritization/ partial allocation allowed.
• Component Prioritization/ partial allocation not allowed.
3-31
Earliest due first date
When you make this selection you can only specify the account level option. When the available
amount is allocated while indicating account level or schedule level, amongst the due amounts
belonging to the eligible accounts, then the account priority is applied in case of multiple
accounts. The schedules with earliest due date are considered first and liquidation amount is
allocated based on the due date at schedules level. In case of conflict arisen, the earliest value
date and highest due is considered for resolution. If the value dates and highest due are the
same then the resolution is carried out on the basis of the account number, that is, the earlier
account number is considered first.
Highest Due First
When you make this selection you can also specify the account level. On allocating the bulk
amount while indicating account level, the highest due amount across the accounts is determined
and all components due in this account are marked for payment followed by the next highest due
account available among the rest. In a conflict the earliest valued date is considered. If the value
dates are same then the accounts are prioritized based on the account numbers. Schedule level
is not applicable for this option.
Component Prioritization
Check this box to define the order for liquidation for components across products. When you
make this selection you must also select the option N/A. The liquidation order defined here
overrides the product liquidation order. If Component prioritization option is chosen then the fields
under component prioritization options frame will be enabled.
According to the priority defined allocation of the bulk amount is done for all accounts. Similar to
the cases described above the value date and highest due is considered for allocation, in cases
of conflict due to value date and highest due the resolution is brought about by account number.
Component Prioritization Options
The component details related to prioritization are enabled for entry once the ‘Component
Prioritization’ is enabled
Product Code
Specify the component product code for which liquidation prioritization details are maintained.
Products not listed in prioritization will be taken as lowest priority. These are allocated using
the liquidation order defined in the product.
Component
Specify the component for which prioritization is maintained
Priority
Specify the priority for the component. The priority is a unique numeric character input by a user.
The lower the number value the higher is the priority applied to the component.
3.15.2 Viewing Summary Records
You can view and amend details of a particular record by using the ‘Summary’ screen. You can
invoke this screen by typing ‘CLSBPPRF’ the field at the top right corner of the Application tool
bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
3-32
To view a particular record double click on the desired record displayed in the list of records. The
required record is enabled for action.
3.16 Maintaining Withholding Tax Details
You can define withholding tax for different combinations of branch country and customer country
in the ‘Withholding Tax Details’ screen. While creating a loan, the system will pick up the
corresponding tax percentage and compute the withholding tax for the loan payment, depending
on the country of the branch where the loan is being created and the country of the customer. To
facilitate this, however, you should have selected the ‘Withholding Tax applicable’ option for the
customer in the ‘Customer Maintenance’ screen.
You can invoke the ‘Withholding Tax Details’ screen by typing ‘CLDWHTPC’ in the field at the top
right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
3-33
You can define the following details in this screen:
Branch Country
Specify the country in which the loan processing branch is situated. You can also select the
branch country from the adjoining option list. The lsit contains all the valid countries maintained in
the system.
Customer Country
Specify the country for the customer. You can also select the customer country from the adjoining
option list. The lsit contains all the valid countries maintained in the system.
Withholding Percentage
Specify the withholding tax percentage for the combination. If withholding tax is not applicable
between certain countries, you need to specify the percentage as ‘zero’ for the combination.
3.17 Viewing Withholding Tax Details
You can query and view the withholding tax details that have been maintained in the system in
the ‘Withholding Tax Summary’ screen. You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLSWHTPC’ in the
field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
3-34
In this screen, you can query for records for any combination of parameters. The parameters are:
• Authorization Status
• Branch Country
• Record Status
• Customer Country
After you have specified the parameters, click ‘Search’. The system displays all the records that
match the given parameters. If you do not specify any parameter before clicking ‘Search’, the
system displays all the records available for the maintenance.
To view a record in detail, double-click on it.
3-35
4. Defining Product Categories and Products
4.1 Introduction
You may offer your customers a variety of financial services such as Vehicle Loans, Home Loans,
Personal Loans, and so on. The different types of loans can be different ‘Product Categories’. A
product category is used to distinguish between the various loan services offered by the bank.
Each of these loans are totally different and hence the need to categorize them.
Under a product category, you may have loans that may vary in features such as pricing, tenor,
amount etc. Each variation of these services can, therefore, be considered as ‘Products’.
At the time of capturing a loan application, you would specify details such as Loan Amount,
Tenor, and Asset Class etc. The system automatically resolves the Product Category and
Product applicable based on the application details. Hence, the Loan Account is created under
the appropriate product.
The CL Module will have an inheritance hierarchy as follows:
Product Category
Products
Account
This chapter explains the procedure for setting up product categories and products.
4.2 Maintaining Product Categories
You can define the attributes for a Product Category in the ‘Product Category Maintenance’
screen.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDPRCMT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
4-1
The following details have to be captured in this screen:
Product Category
You have to specify the name of the loan service which will identify the category uniquely in the
system. For example: Home Loan, Vehicle Loan etc. The category name can consist of a
maximum of 20 alphanumeric characters. The categories maintained through this screen become
available for creating products under it (in the ‘Consumer Lending Product’ screen).
Product category is mandatory to save the record in the system.
Policy Code and Event Code
To the category being defined, you have to associate a policy code. The policies maintained in
the ‘User Policy’ screen are available in the option-list provided.
You have to associate an event code to each policy selected. Whenever the event is triggered,
the associated policy gets executed.
4.2.1 Mapping Function Id with Policy Code
You can maintain a mapping of the various stages of the loan origination workflow with the
policies to be used for validating the details in each stage. At each stage, validation of the details
specified is carried out by executing the policy associated with that stage.
Function
Select the loan origination function for which you want to specify the validation policy, from the
option list provided.
Policy Code
Select the validation policy to be attached to the function selected
For more details on loan origination, refer the Loan Origination process manual
For details on maintaining policy details, refer the section titled ‘Maintaining User Defined
Policies’ in the ‘Maintenances and Operations’ chapter of this User Manual
4.3 Setting up a CL Product
As mentioned at the beginning of this chapter, within a category you may have loans that differ in
amount, tenor or other preferences.
These may be categorized into products. The loan product is derived from the product category
based on the product rule that it satisfies.
Product Categories and Products are created at the Head Office (HOB) and you can create
accounts under the products at branch level.
The branches that can offer the products are further determined by the branch restrictions defined
for the products.
You can capture product details in the ‘Product Maintenance’ screen.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDPRMNT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
4-2
In this screen, you can enter basic information about a product such as the Product Code, the
Description, etc.
Specify the following details:
Product Code
Enter a product code.The code you enter for a product identifies it throughout the module. You
can follow your own conventions for devising the code. However, it must have a minimum of four
characters.
When defining a new product, you should enter a code. This code is unique across the CL
modules of Oracle FLEXCUBE. For instance, if you have used VA01 for a product in this module,
you cannot use it as a product code in any other module.
Product Description
Enter a brief description of the product. This description will be associated with the product for
information retrieval.
Product Type
Select the type of consumer Lending product that you are creating. The options available are:
•
Loan – Select this option if you want to create a loan product
•
Commitment – Select this option if you want to create a commitment product
Product Category
Products can be categorized into groups, based on the common elements that they share. For
example Vehicle Loans, Personal Loans, Home Loans, and so on. You must associate a product
with a category to facilitate retrieval of information for a specific category.
The categories defined through the ‘Product Category Maintenance’ are available in the optionlist provided.
4-3
Slogan
You can enter a marketing punch line for every product you create. This slogan will be printed on
all advices that are sent to customers who avail of the product.
For example, if you set up a borrowings product called Money Multiplier, you could enter the
slogan ‘Watch your money grow with Money Multiplier.’
Start Date and End Date
A product can be defined to be active over a specific period. When you create a product, you can
specify a ‘Start Date’ and ‘End Date’ for it. The product can only be used within the specified
period (i.e. within the Start Date and End Date).
If you do not specify the Start Date, the branch date will be displayed as the Start Date.
If you do not specify an End Date for a product, it can be used for an indefinite period.
The start and end dates of a product come in handy when you are defining a product that you
would like to offer over a specific period.
Remarks
When creating a product, you can enter information about the product intended for your bank’s
internal reference. This information will not be printed on any correspondence with the customer.
4.3.1 Defining Other Attributes for a Product
After specifying the basic details of a product, you can define the other finer attributes for a
product in the appropriate sub-screens provided. From the ‘Consumer Lending Product’ screen,
you can move to the sub-screen of your choice to define these details. Click on the buttons
provided at the bottom of the screen for this purpose.
Each button is explained briefly in the table below:
Button Name
Description
User Date Elements
To define the UDEs and Components relating to the
product
Preferences
To indicate your preferences specific to the product
Components
To specify the component details, schedule definition
and formulae for the product
Notices and
Statements
To specify details of account statements and notices
to be issued to customers. These have to be
generated for different events in the life cycle of a
loan
Role to Head
To specify accounting roles and account heads for
the product. (The concept of accounting roles and
heads is explained later)
Account Status
To indicate the status preferences for the product
4-4
Button Name
Description
Events
To specify events
Branch/Currency
Restriction
To define the branch and currency restrictions for the
product
Customer Category
Restriction
To Define the Customer Category Restrictions and
Customer Access Restrictions for the Product
Fields
To associate User Define Fields(UDFs) i.e. Character
Fields, Number Fields and Date Fields, with the
product
Credit Score
To maintain the rules for calculating the credit score
of a customer
Minimum Amount
Due Method
To define the MAD formula for OLL product
Product Fields
To define the additional product details
MIS
To define MIS details
There are some fields in the product definition screens, to which input is mandatory. If you try
to save a product without entering details in these fields, the product will not be saved.
When you save a product that you have created, your user-id will be displayed in the ‘Maker’ field
and the date and time at which you saved the product in the ‘Date/Time’ field. The Status of the
product will be updated as ‘Unauthorized’. A product is available for use only after it has been
authorized by another user.
4.3.2 Indicating Preferences for a Product
Preferences are the options that are available to you for defining the attributes of a loan account
product. These could be:
•
The manner in which the system should handle schedules falling due on holidays
•
Whether rollover should be automatic or with user intervention (manual)
•
The tenor details for the loan
•
Whether receivables should be tracked for the loan account etc.
The options you choose, ultimately, shape the product. These details are used for loan account
processing.
Click ‘Preferences’ button in the ‘Product Definition’ screen to move to this section of the screen.
4-5
You should maintain the following preferences for the loan product:
4.3.2.1 Rate/Account Preferences tab
Rate
The exchange rate preferences include the following:
Rate
You have to indicate the exchange rate applicable for the product you are maintaining. The
available options are:
•
Mid Rate
•
Buy/Sell Rate
By default, the Buy/Sell Rate is used.
Rate Type
You have to select the code that should be used for the product from the option list provided. The
‘Rate’ and ‘Rate Type’ are used in combination to determine the actual rate applicable for
currency conversion.
The default value for Rate Code is ‘STANDARD’. This means that, if you choose ‘Mid Rate’, the
mid rate maintained for the STANDARD code is used for the loans created under the product.
Maximum Variance
When creating a product, you can capture the maximum limit for rate variance. This is expressed
in percentage. The variance between the exchange rate (specified for the product) and the rate
captured for a loan (at the account level) should not be greater than the value specified here. If
the exchange rate exceeds the maximum variance that you have defined for the product, the
system will not allow you to save the loan. The transaction is rejected.
4-6
This value should be greater the value for ‘Normal Variance’.
Normal Variance
You also need to specify the minimum/normal variance allowed for the rate. If the exchange rate
variance between the exchange rate (specified for the product) and the rate captured for a loan
exceeds the value specified here, the system will display an override message before proceeding
to apply the exchange rate. The normal variance should be less than the maximum variance.
For back valued transactions, the system applies the rate on the basis of the exchange rate
history. The variance will be based on the rate prevailing at that time.
Account Preferences
As part of specifying the account preferences, you can indicate the following:
Amend Past Paid Schedule Allowed
This option, if checked, allows you to perform value dated amendments to interest rate,
installment amount etc with effective date beyond the last paid schedule. In such a case, the
increase/decrease in the interest amount, as a result of the amendment, will be adjusted against
the next available schedule after the current system date (date on which the amendment was
performed) even if unpaid (overdue) schedules are present for the loan. Note that this option is
applicable only to term loans.
Back Period Entry Allowed
This option facilitates back valued transactions. If you select this option, you will be allowed to
process transactions with a value date less than the current system date.
Interest Statement
You have to select this option to facilitate interest statement generation for the account.
Liquidate Back Valued Schedules
If you select this option, on initiation of a back value dated loan, all the schedules with a due date
less than the system date will be liquidated.
Special Interest Accrual
If you check this box, accrual of interest is done on the basis of the formula specified for a
component. Otherwise, interest accrual will be done based on the number of days in the
schedule.
Securitization Allowed
Check this box to allow securitization for the contract.
The loan contracts which belong to those securitization enabled products will be available for
the securitization pool selection.
For more information on securitization, refer ‘Securitization’ User Manual
When a loan is securitized, the system transfers the payments related to
Principal/Interest/Charges to SPV’s settlement account (system automatically posts accounting
entries to the respective account after validating the rule (LOAN_STATUS =’SECR’) defined).
4-7
For more information on defining accounting entries for securitized loan, refer topic ‘Defining
Accounting Entries for a Securitized Loan’ later in this chapter.
CL Against Bill
Check this box if you want this CL product to be used for loans against an export bill. By default
this is not checked.
You are allowed to link multiple loans against one bill.
Limits Product
Check this box to indicate that the product is for limits. If you check this option, the product will be
available for limits linkage during line creation.
Packing Credit Product
Check this box to indicate the possibility of linking CL Accounts to BC under this product.
For more details on the Packing Credit Sub System and Pre-Shipment Finance refer section
‘Specifying Purchase Details’ in chapter ‘Processing Bills’ of the ‘Bills and Collections’ manual
Notary Confirmation Required
You can check this box to indicate that the product is a mortgage product that requires
confirmation from the notary for disbursing the loan.
For Loan Against Salary
Check this option to indicate that loan against salary should be allowed for a CL Product. The
system defaults this value to loan account details screen.
Rate Plan Change Frequency
You can change the rate plan frequency of a loan account in the ‘Preferences’ button of the
Product screen.
Tenor
Specify the amount of time to be given to the customer for rate change plan option..
Unit
Select the unit for the specified tenor from the drop-down list. The following options are available
for selection:
•
Monthly
•
Yearly
Rate Plan Window
Tenor
Specify the amount of time that the customer can take to decide on the ‘rate plan’ and intimate
the bank about the decision.
4-8
Unit
Select the unit for the rate plan tenor from the drop-down list. The following options are available
for selection:
•
Monthly
•
Yearly
Liquidation Preferences
Liquidation preferences include the following:
Liquidation Mode
You can specify the mode of liquidation to be either Auto Liquidation, Manual Liquidation or
Component liquidation.
The system allows separate liquidation mode for each component within the loan product for all
the schedules if you have selected the ‘Component’ option.
Liquidation of components is applicable for components defined with calculation type as
either ‘Formula with Schedule’ or ‘No Formula with schedule’ (applicable only for Principal) in
the product component screen and for penalty components.
Allow Partial Liquidation
In case of insufficient funds in the account, you can instruct the system to perform partial auto
liquidation to the extent of funds available in the account. However, if this option is not selected,
the schedule amount due will not be liquidated if sufficient funds are not available in the account.
Reset Retry Count for Reversed Auto Liquidation
If you have maintained a limit on the number of retries for auto liquidation, this option will reset
the retries count to zero during reversal of auto liquidation. This will be applicable from the date of
reversal of payment. Hence, the system will once again attempt auto liquidation till the number of
retries allowed. The system will update the status of the reversed payment to ‘Unprocessed’ after
which it again attempts auto liquidation.
Retries Auto Liquidation Days
Capture the number of working days for which the system should attempt auto liquidation. The
number of retries per day will depend on the configuration maintained for the ‘Liquidation Batch
Process’ - during BOD, EOD or both. For instance, if the batch is configured for both EOD and
BOD, and the number of retry days is ‘1’, then, auto liquidation is attempted twice on the same
day i.e. once during BOD and another retry at EOD.
Guarantor A/C Applicable Status
Select customer account status at which guarantor account should be considered, from the
adjoining option list. This list displays all valid status maintained at the customer account level.
Auto Liquidation Basis
Select the auto liquidation basis value from the drop-down list. Following are the options available
in the drop-down list:
4-9
•
% of Amount Due
•
Min Amount Due
The system will liquidate the amount due on the pay by date. If any payment is done between the
billing date and payment date then the system will deduct the paid amount from the ALIQ amount.
In case there is a need to track receivables, then for open line loans the same will be done only
for the ALIQ amount that is outstanding for the last billing period.
This field is applicable only for Open Line Loans.
Percentage
Specify the percentage for the auto liquidation basis.
Revolving Loan
The following options are available to specify a revolving loan:
Revolving Type
Check this box to facilitate the reset of credit for loans availed under this category as and when
payment is received.
Open Line Loans
Check this box to indicate that the product type is Open Line Loans.
Open Line Loans should always be revolving type. Open Line Loans product will support only
Manual disbursement.
Credit Days
The system will display the repayment date (pay by date). The repayment date (pay by date)
should be ‘X’ number of days after the billing date.
OLL account will arrive the pay by date based on the credit days entered here plus schedule due
date.
You can calculate the minimum amount due based on the formula chosen maintained in the
Product Maintenance. You can also maintain different formula for OLL minimum amount due
calculation. Clicking on ‘Min Amount Due Method’ button, the following window is displayed:
4-10
Rule Name
The system displays the unique name for the formula setup.
Default Rule
Check this box to identify whether the method is default method or not.
Min Amount Due Calc Method Expression
Line
Specify the line number.
Condition
Set the condition by clicking on the ‘Condition’ button. The specified condition is displayed in the
adjoining field.
Result
The system displays the result.
The following validations should be done for open line loans:
•
Holiday treatment for all schedules:
¾
¾
•
Holiday treatment for maturity dates/value dates:
¾
•
Move across month and cascade schedules should be unchecked always
Ad-hoc treatment required can be applicable – pay by date will be moved either
backward or forward based on the product setup.
Move across month should be unchecked always
Following account preferences cannot be checked:
4-11
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
•
Following Product preferences are not applicable:
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
•
¾
¾
Frequency
Handling of foreclosure
Acquisition type
Following are not applicable in the components:
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
•
Revaluation required
Prepayment of loan
Readjustment entry preferences
Interest preference
Re-computation of amortized loan
A/c opening instalments
Holiday period
Following Accrual preferences are not applicable:
¾
•
Passbook facility
ATM facility
Amend Past Paid Schedule
Cheque book
CL against bill
Packing credit product
Calculation type – Discount
Include in EMI
Capitalized
IRR
Moratorium
Instalment level status change
Component Formula type can only be one of the following:
¾
¾
¾
Simple
User defined
Rate only
Rate Revision Preferences
The interest rate to be applied for loans with floating rates linked to a particular rate index are
picked up based on the periodic rate revision schedules you have defined for the rate index.
However, through the rate revision preferences, you can ensure that the system picks up the rate
applicable a certain number of days before the effective date for the loan instead of the rate in the
periodic revision schedule.
You need to maintain the following preferences:
Rate Fixing Required
Check this option to indicate that the system should derive the rate that is based on the values
specified in the ‘Rate Fixing Days’ and ‘Rate Fixing Calendar’ fields instead of the most recent
rate maintenance available in the periodic revision schedule.
4-12
Rate Fixing Days
Specify the rate fixing days. The system picks up the rate that is available these many days
before the effective date for the loan i.e. the rate as on (Effective Date- Rate Fixing Days). You
can input a value here only if you have selected the ‘Rate Fixing Required’ option.
Rate Fixing Calendar
Specify the calendar that the system should use to derive the date whose rate should be used.
You have the following options:
• Branch – the system will use the working days of the local branch calendar
• Currency – the system will use the working days of the loan currency calendar
You can input a value here only if you have selected the ‘Rate Fixing Required’ option.
The rate revision preferences will be applied to both loans with revision schedules as well as
loans with floating rates having automatic rate code usage.
4.3.2.2 Holiday Preferences Tab
The value date, schedule date, revision date or the maturity date of a contract might fall on a local
holiday defined for your branch or on a holiday specified for the currency involved in the contract.
You need to specify the following holiday parameters, which has to be considered for holiday
handling:
Adhoc Treatment Required
Check this option to allow the movement of due dates of the schedules that fall on the newly
declared holidays. This option is enabled only if the options, Ignore Holidays parameter and the
Cascade Schedules parameter are not checked at the product level.
4-13
If this box is checked, you can choose to move payment, revision, commitment reduction,
disbursement and interest schedules of the product using the respective checkboxes.
This is not applicable for the maturity date.
Ignore Holidays
If you check this option, the schedule/maturity date will be fixed without taking the holidays into
account. In such a case, if a schedule date falls on a holiday, the automatic processing of such a
schedule is determined by your holiday handling specifications for automatic processes, as
defined in the ‘Branch Parameters’ screen.
The system will ignore the holidays while computing the billing dates and consider the holiday
parameter setup in product while computing the pay by date for OLL account.
Use Contract Currency
If you check this option, the holiday handling will be based on the currency calendar maintained
for the contract currency.
Ind. Hol. Treat for Int
Check this box to set up separate holiday treatment parameters for interest schedules.
For details on specifying independent holiday treatment for interest schedules, refer section
‘Specifying Holiday Treatment Parameters for Interest Schedules’ in this User Manual.
In order to specify independent holiday treatment for interest schedules, ensure that ‘Ignore
Holidays’ checkbox is not selected at the Product level under ‘Holiday Treatment for All
Schedules’.
Ind. Hol. Treat for Rev
Check this box to set up separate holiday treatment parameters for revision schedules.
For details on specifying independent holiday treatment for revision schedules, refer section
‘Specifying Holiday Treatment Parameters for Revision Schedules’ in this User Manual.
In order to specify independent holiday treatment for revision schedules, ensure that ‘Ignore
Holidays’ checkbox is not selected at the Product level under ‘Holiday Treatment for All
Schedules’.
Move Interest Schedule
Check this box to indicate that interest schedules need to be recomputed if the new holiday
calendar affects the existing schedules.
Move Revision Schedule
Check this box to indicate that revision schedules need to be recomputed if the new holiday
calendar affects the existing schedules.
Move Payment Sch
Check this box to indicate that payment schedules need to be recomputed if the new holiday
calendar affects the existing schedules.
4-14
Move Comm Redn Sch
Check this box to indicate that commitment reduction schedules need to be recomputed if the
new holiday calendar affects the existing schedules.
Move Disbursement Schedule
Check this box to indicate that disbursement schedules need to be recomputed if the new holiday
calendar affects the existing schedules.
Note the following:
• You can choose to move payment, revision, commitment reduction, disbursement and
interest schedules using the above checkboxes only if the option ‘Adhoc Treatment
Required’ is checked for the product.
• Automatic rescheduling of the following components is done during the CL BATCH
processing:
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
Interest
Revision
Payment
Commitment reduction
Disbursement
Schedule Movement – Forward /Backward
If you opt to move the schedule date falling due on a holiday across months, you need to specify
whether the schedule date should move forward to the next working day in the following month or
move backward to the previous working day of the current schedule month itself.
However, if you opt to ignore the holidays and do not select the ‘Move Across Months’ option, the
system Ignores the holidays and the due will be scheduled on the holiday itself.
Move Across Month
If you have chosen to move the schedule date of a loan falling due on a holiday, either to the next
or previous working day and the movement crosses over into a different month, then this option
will determine whether the movement should be allowed or not.
Cascade Schedules
If you check this option, when a particular schedule falls due on a holiday and hence is moved to
the next or previous working day (based on the ‘Branch Parameters’), the movement cascades to
other schedules too. If not selected, only the affected schedule will be moved to the previous or
next working day, as the case may be, and other schedules will remain unaffected.
Example
Assume that you have opted to move holiday schedules to the next working day and a schedule falling due
th
th
th
on 29 April is moved to 30 April, 29 being a holiday.
The schedule date for May depends on whether you have chosen to cascade schedules. If you have,
th
chosen to cascade schedules, the schedule date for May will be set as 30 May, since the frequency has
been specified as monthly. All subsequent schedules will be moved forward by a day.
If you have not specified that schedules have to be cascaded, the date originally specified will be the date
for drawing up the remaining schedules. Even if you move the April schedule from 29th to 30th, the next
schedule will remain on 29th May.
4-15
However, when you cascade schedules, the last schedule (at maturity) will be liquidated on the
original date itself and will not be changed like the interim schedules. Hence, for this particular
schedule, the interest days may vary from that of the previous schedules.
This is not applicable for the maturity date.
Include Branch Holiday
If you check this option, the system will consider branch holiday while fixing the schedule/
maturity date.
Use Local Currency
If you check this option, the holiday handling will be based on the currency calendar maintained
for the local currency.
Holiday Currency
Specify the holiday currency. The system will consider the holidays maintained in the currency
calendar for the specified currency. The maturity date is recalculated if the maturity date falls on a
currency holiday.
Authorization Rekey
As a cross-checking mechanism to ensure that you are invoking the right loan for authorization,
you can specify that the values of certain fields should be entered, before the other details are
displayed. The complete details of the loan will be displayed only after the values to these fields
are entered. This is called the re-key option. The fields for which the values have to be given are
called the re-key fields.
You can specify the values of a loan that the authorizer is supposed to key-in before authorizing
the same.
You can select the fields from the option list provided. If no re-key fields have been defined, the
details of the loan will be displayed immediately once the authorizer calls the loan for
authorization.
The re-key option also serves as a means of ensuring the accuracy of the data captured.
4.3.2.3 Specifying Holiday Treatment Parameters for Interest Schedules
You can specify holiday treatment parameters for interest schedules using ‘Holiday Treatment for
Interest’ screen. You can invoke this screen by clicking ‘Interest Hol Treatment’ button present
below the ‘Ind. Hol. Treat. for Int’ field.
4-16
You can specify the following details here:
• Ignore Holidays
• Include Branch Holiday
• Move Across Month
• Cascade Schedules
• Use Facility Currency
• Use Contract Currency
• Use Local Currency
• Schedule Movement
For more details on the above parameters, refer the section titled ‘Holiday Treatment for Maturity
Date/All Schedules’ in this User Manual.
In order to specify holiday treatment for interest schedules, ensure that ‘Ind. Hol. Treat. for
Int’ checkbox is selected.
4.3.2.4 Specifying Holiday Treatment Parameters for Revision Schedules
You can specify holiday treatment parameters for revision schedules using ‘Holiday Treatment for
Revision’ screen. You can invoke this screen by clicking ‘Revision Hol Treatment’ button present
below the ‘Ind. Hol. Treat for Rev’ field.
4-17
You can specify the following details here:
• Ignore Holidays
• Include Branch Holiday
• Move Across Month
• Cascade Schedules
• Use Facility Currency
• Use Contract Currency
• Use Local Currency
• Schedule Movement
For more details on the above parameters, refer the section titled ‘Holiday Treatment for Maturity
Date/All Schedules’ in this User Manual.
In order to specify holiday treatment for revision schedules, ensure that ‘Ind. Hol. Treat for
Rev’ checkbox is selected.
4.3.2.5 Account Preferences Tab
Specify the account preferences in the ‘Account Preferences’ section.
4-18
Readjustment Entry Preferences
Credit/Debit
You have to specify the manner in which adjustment entries passed due to back dated
adjustments should be handled. The options are:
•
Settlement: This means that the adjustment is settled directly
• Adjust: In this case, the entries are tracked as a receivable (Cr) or a payable (Dr), to be
settled later
Disbursement Mode
The following options are available to make a disbursement:
• Auto - Choose this option to instruct the system for automatic disbursal of loan. In this
case, disbursement happens based on the disbursement schedule maintained for the
product. This is defined in the ‘Components’ button. By default, the system does an auto
disbursal.
• Manual – Choose this option to manually disburse the loan. Here, disbursement happens
on demand. In this case, disbursement schedules need not be maintained for the PRINCIPAL
component.
The ‘Manual Disbursement’ screen is used for this purpose.
For details, refer the ‘Making Manual Disbursements’ chapter of this User Manual.
Accrual Preferences
If IRR computation is applicable for the product that you are defining, you need to specify the
accrual preference for the same.
Here you can specify the following details:
4-19
Accrual Frequency
Specify the frequency at which IRR accrual should be performed. This can be either Daily or
Monthly. Choose the appropriate option from the adjoining drop-down list.
Handling of foreclosure
Specify how foreclosures in respect of the loan contracts under the product, must be handled.
You can opt for complete accruals or refund. Choose the appropriate option from the adjoining
drop-down list.
In case of pre-closure of the loan (prepayment of the total outstanding amount), the fund
interest will also get liquidated and thus the accrual entries will get reversed.
Acquisition Type
Specify the acquisition type for the product. You can specify any of the following options:
•
Par
•
Par/Discount
•
Par/Premium
•
Par/Discount/Premium
Refer the section titled ‘Processing of IRR application on loans’ in this chapter to understand the
IRR processing for this module.
4.3.3 Advance Interest Payment for Loans
In FLEXCUBE, interest may be collected and accounted at the beginning of the interest collection
period for specific loans.
You can set the following preferences pertaining to advance payment:
Interest in Advance
‘Interest in Advance’ is an interest collection method. For specific loans, you may choose to
collect the interest at the beginning of the interest period. If you check this option, the system will
calculate and levy the interest for this loan at the beginning of the collection period.
Number of Interest Only Schedules
If the interest collection method is chosen as ‘Interest in Advance’, you need to enter the number
of interest only schedules here.
However, there are some specific features for the loans whose interest has been set to be paid in
advance.
•
No penal components for such loans
•
Such loans can have fixed interest rates only
•
Partial prepayment is not allowed
•
Value dated amendments are not allowed for the principal, maturity date or the interest
date
•
On full payment, no adjustment is allowed to refund the interest already collected
•
Only one interest component setup is permitted
4-20
•
Repayment is based on monthly EMI
•
Such loans can have interest only schedules
•
Ad-hoc charges are allowed
•
Manual disbursement is not allowed
Example
Consider a loan with the following details:
Principal
: USD 10,000.00
Number of Installments
Value Date
: 12
: 20-Dec-2008
Maturity Date
: 31-Dec-2009
Rate of Interest
: 10.00%
EMI
No
Payment
Date
Schedule
Start
Date
Schedule
End Date
20-Dec2008
20-Dec2008
31-Dec2008
1
1-Jan2009
1-Jan2009
31-Jan2009
10,000.00
795.83
83.33
879.1
6
2
1-Feb2009
1-Feb2009
28-Feb2009
9,204.17
802.46
76.70
879.1
6
3
1-Mar2009
1-Mar2009
31-Mar2009
8,401.72
809.14
70.01
879.1
6
4
1-Apr2009
1-Apr2009
30-Apr2009
7,592.57
815.89
63.27
879.1
6
5
1-May2009
1-May2009
31-May2009
6,776.69
822.69
56.47
879.1
6
6
1-Jun2009
1-Jun2009
30-Jun2009
5,954.00
829.54
49.62
879.1
6
7
1-Jul2009
1-Jul2009
31-Jul2009
5,124.46
836.46
42.70
879.1
6
8
1-Aug2009
1-Aug2009
31-Aug2009
4,288.00
843.43
35.73
879.1
6
9
1-Sep2009
1-Sep2009
30-Sep2009
3,444.58
850.45
28.70
879.1
6
10
1-Oct2009
1-Oct2009
31-Oct2009
2,594.12
857.54
21.62
879.1
6
11
1-Nov-
1-Nov-
30-
1,736.58
864.69
14.47
879.1
Principal
Outstanding
Principal
Payment
Interest
Paymen
t
EMI
30.56
4-21
12
2009
2009
Nov2009
1-Dec2009
1-Dec2009
31-Dec2009
6
871.89
871.89
7.27
879.1
6
The customer is expected to pay the pre EMI interest on value date. The system will transfer the interest
paid by the customer to the suspense GL. Daily accruals will be moved into income.
The system will accrue the interest of USD 83.33 collected on 1 January, 2009, from 1 January till
31January, 2009.
Although the customer would have repaid the entire amount by 1 December, 2009, the loan will still be
active. The loan will be matured on 31 December, 2009.
Rollover
The rollover specifications for a loan account will apply to all loan accounts opened under the
product.
The rollover preferences and rollover type for a loan account are specified at the time of setting
up a product. In the product screen, you have the option to rollover the account manually or
instruct the system to do an automatic rollover. You can also specify the type of rollover; the
options available are custom and special. When a loan is rolled over, a schedule is defaulted
depending upon the UDE type and the schedule basis specified in the product screen.
Auto/Manual Rollover
You have the option to rollover the loan manually or instruct the system to do an automatic
rollover. If you choose the do an auto rollover, then upon maturity of the loan, the system will
automatically rollover the account.
The rollover will happen as part of the Rollover Batch executed at BOD or EOD, depending on
your requirement.
Rollover Type
The following options are available:
• Custom: This determines if the Rolled over amount will include the unpaid components of
the product. The option list provided will display the components relevant to the product from
which you can choose the components that are to be rolled over.
• Special: Choose this option to indicate that a special amount is to be rolled over. The
amount is captured at the account level when the actual rollover is initiated.
Rollover Comp
This allows the user to select the components that are to be rolled over(only for auto rollover)
Rollover By
This is applicable if you have opted for automatic rollover. You have to specify the unit based on
which Rollover will be triggered. The options are:
•
Days
•
Months
•
Quarters
•
Semi Annuals
4-22
•
Years
UDE Type
Here, you need to specify whether UDE Values for the new (rolled over) loan should be defaulted
from the product or from the original loan account/contract that is being rolled over.
Schedule Basis
You should also specify the schedule basis for the rolled over loan. The new loan can inherit the
schedules from the loan product or you can apply the schedules maintained for the original loan
itself.
Account Opening Installment Calculation Type
Account Opening Installment Calculation Type
The Account Opening Installment Calculation Type based on future rates can be:
•
Single Installment: A single installment is computed using the future rates.
•
Multiple Installments: Multiple EMIs are defined as per the future rates.
Payment in Advance
This check box indicates that the payment of interest and principal happens at the beginning of
the schedule. If you check this box, it indicates that payment in advance concept is applicable.
Otherwise, it will indicate an arrear.
Recomputation of Amortization Loan at Amendments
You have to indicate whether the tenor of the loan should be reduced or the installment should be
recalculated whenever a maturity date, principal change or a rate change is made against an
amortized loan.
VAMI Installment Calculation Type
For amendments, if the recomputation basis is ‘Change Installment’, then the Instalment
calculation can be:
•
Single Installment
•
Multiple Installment based on multiple future rates
Prepayment of Loans
The following are the preferences based on which prepayment of amortized loan should be
processed:
Recomputation Basis
Recomputation of amortized loans as a result of a prepayment can be based on one of the
following:
•
Recalculate Installment Amount: In this case the tenor remains constant.
•
Recalculate Tenor: Here, the tenor is recomputed while the installment remains constant.
The possible amendments and the recomputation basis are given below:
4-23
• For amendment of maturity date of an amortized loan: You can opt to change the tenor,
keeping the installment constant.
• For amendment of principal amount: You can affect it either as a Balloon additional
amount in the last schedule or apportion it across the installments
• For interest rate change: You can change the tenor keeping the installment constant or
vary the EMI and keep the tenor same.
Prepayment Equated Monthly Installment Type
For Prepayment of amortized loans, if you have chosen to recompute the Installment Amount
keeping the tenor constant, then the Installment calculation can be one of the following types
based on future rates:
•
Single Installment: A single installment is computed using the future rates.
•
Multiple Installments: Multiple EMIs are defined if a future rate change is known upfront.
While giving the UDE values, effective dates can be given based on which the UDE
values will become applicable.
Let us say a loan is sanctioned on 1.1.2008. The rate of interest is as follows:
¾ UDE value Effective date is 01.11.2007 - 10%
¾ UDE Value effective date is 01.04.2008 - 11%
If the option chosen is ‘Multiple installment’ then based on the UDE values, EMI will be
calculated depicting a higher EMI from 1.4.2008 at the new rate of interest. So, when
ever a prepayment happens it will take into effect the two rates and calculate two different
EMIs for these periods.
Prepayment Effective From
You can choose the date on which the prepayment should become effective. The prepayment
can come into effect from the value date of the current installment (the day on which the payment
is made) or the Next Installment.
Minimum Equated Monthly Installment Amount
You can enter the minimum amount that has to be paid as EMI after recomputing the EMI. The
recalculated EMI after prepayment should be greater than this amount.
Minimum Equated Monthly Installment Currency
You can enter the currency of the EMI amount to be paid.
Tenor Preferences
You can set the minimum and maximum tenor limits for a product. You can also specify a
standard or a default tenor.
Minimum Tenor
You can fix the minimum tenor of a product. The tenor of the loan account that involves the
product should be greater than or equal to the Minimum tenor that you specify.
Maximum Tenor
Likewise, you can also specify the maximum tenor for a product. The tenor of the loan accounts
that involve the product should be less than or equal to the Maximum tenor that you specify.
4-24
Default Tenor
The ‘default tenor’ is the tenor that is associated with a loan account involving this product. The
value captured here should be greater than the minimum tenor and less than the maximum tenor.
You can change the default tenor applied on a loan account during loan processing. However, the
new tenor should be within the minimum and maximum tenors maintained for the product.
Units
The tenor details that you specify for a product can be expressed in one of the following units:
•
Days
•
Months
•
Year
Interest Preference
Interest Only Period
Specify (in numbers) the duration for which the customer needs to repay only the interest
component. This period thereby indicates a holiday period for principal repayment.
Unit
Select the unit of period to be considered for the interest holiday, from the adjoining drop-down
list. This list displays the following values:
•
Days
•
Weeks
•
Months
•
Years
Note that in Oracle FLEXCUBE, one month is equal to 30 days.
4.3.3.1 Payment in Advance for a Customer Loan
In Oracle FLEXCUBE, if the payment of interest and principal of a customer loan happens at the
beginning of the schedule, it is referred to as Payment in Advance. This feature is applicable for
both amortized and non-amortized type of loans.
Example for Payment in Advance for Amortized Loan
Consider the following details:
Loam amount
1000000 USD
Loan Period
1 year
Value Date
03-Dec-2007
Maturity Date
03-Dec-2008
Interest Rate
10% per annum
Based on the above details, the payment schedule is as follows:
4-25
Schedule
No.
Schedule
Start Date
Schedule
Due Date
Principal
Expected
EMI
Amount
Interest
Principal
1
3-Dec2007
3-Dec2007
912,735.79
87,264.21
0.00
87,264.21
2
3-Dec2007
3-Jan2008
833,331.25
87,264.21
7,859.67
79,404.54
3
3-Jan2008
4-Feb2008
753,474.43
87,264.21
7,407.39
79,856.82
4
4-Feb2008
3-Mar2008
672,070.58
87,264.21
5,860.36
81,403.85
5
3-Mar2008
3-Apr2008
590,593.64
87,264.21
5,787.27
81,476.94
6
3-Apr2008
5-May2008
508,579.15
87,264.21
5,249.72
82,014.49
7
5-May2008
3-Jun2008
425,411.83
87,264.21
4,096.89
83,167.32
8
3-Jun2008
3-Jul2008
341,692.72
87,264.21
3,545.10
83,719.11
9
3-Jul-2008
4-Aug2008
257,465.78
87,264.21
3,037.27
84,226.94
10
4-Aug2008
3-Sep2008
172,347.12
87,264.21
2,145.55
85,118.66
11
3-Sep2008
3-Oct2008
86,519.14
87,264.21
1,436.23
85,827.98
12
3-Oct2008
3-Nov2008
0.00
87,264.17
745.03
86,519.14
Example for Payment in Advance for Term Loan
Consider the following details:
Loam amount
1000000 USD
Loan Period
1 year
Value Date
03-Dec-2007
Maturity Date
03-Dec-2008
Interest Rate
10% per annum
4-26
Based on the above details, the payment schedule is as follows:
Schedule
No.
Schedule
Start Date
Schedule
Due Date
Principal
Expected
Interest
Principal
1
3-Dec-2007
3-Dec-2007
916,666.67
0.00
83,333.33
2
3-Dec-2007
3-Jan-2008
833,333.33
7,893.52
83,333.33
3
3-Jan-2008
4-Feb-2008
750,000.00
7,407.41
83,333.33
4
4-Feb-2008
3-Mar-2008
666,666.67
5,833.33
83,333.33
5
3-Mar-2008
3-Apr-2008
583,333.33
5,740.74
83,333.33
6
3-Apr-2008
5-May-2008
500,000.00
5,185.19
83,333.33
7
5-May-2008
3-Jun-2008
416,666.67
4,027.78
83,333.33
8
3-Jun-2008
3-Jul-2008
333,333.33
3,472.22
83,333.33
9
3-Jul-2008
4-Aug-2008
250,000.00
2,962.96
83,333.33
10
4-Aug-2008
3-Sep-2008
166,666.67
2,083.33
83,333.33
11
3-Sep-2008
3-Oct-2008
83,333.37
1,388.89
83,333.33
12
3-Oct-2008
3-Nov-2008
0
717.59
83,333.37
Note the following:
•
For payment in advance, the schedule start date and schedule date of the first schedule
will be the value date of the contract.
•
There should not be any schedule on the maturity date for the formula types ‘Amortized –
Payment in Advance’ and ‘Simple – Payment in Advance’.
During product save, system will validate the following:
•
The 'Payment in Advance' check box is checked in the ‘Product’ screen if the 'Formula
Type' is either Amortized - Payment in Advance or Simple- Payment in Advance.
•
The 'Payment in Advance' check box in the ‘Product’ screen is checked only if the
formula for Payment in Advance is defined.
•
The check box 'Amortized' is checked in the 'Booked Formula' screen if the Formula Type
is Amortized - Payment in Advance.
•
For a newly created formula type, all the fields in the 'Booked Formula' screen should be
non-editable.
During account save, system will validate the following:
•
The first due date of the schedule is on the value date of the loan for products with
payment in advance schedule.
•
At the start of the schedule, the formula for payment in advance is defined, if it is used in
the dual formula.
4-27
•
Bullet schedule is not on the Maturity Date
4.3.3.2 Prepayment Penalty Component
An SDE, ‘CUR_PREPAID_AMOUNT’ defines the formula of the prepayment penalty component.
This indicates the prepaid amount for the current year. This SDE picks its value from
CLTB_LIQ_PREPAID table. ‘CUR_PNLTY_COLLECTED’ is an SDE that indicates the
prepayment penalty already collected for the financial year. ‘CUR_PRINCIPAL_OUTSTND’ is an
SDE that defines the formula of the prepayment penalty component. This indicates the principal
outstanding amount at the beginning of the current year.
You can use the following formula to base the ceiling percentage on original disbursement
amount:
CUR_PREPAID_AMOUNT>(MAX_PREPAID_PCT*AMOUNT_DISBURSED/100)
You can use the following formula to base the ceiling percentage on the opening principal
outstanding amount for the current year:
CUR_PREPAID_AMOUNT>(MAX_PREPAID_PCT*CUR_PRIN_OUTSTND/100)
The result of the above formulae is as follows:
(CUR_PREPAID_AMOUNT(MAX_PREPAID_PCT*AMOUNT_DISBURSED/100))*(PREPAY_RATE/100)(CUR_PNLTY_COLLECTED)
After the collection of pre-payment penalty, if there is any additional disbursement to the
customer which leads to the increase in limit of the prepaid amount, system will not pass on the
benefits back to the customer. However, for subsequent calculations the disbursed amount and
the pre-payment penalty paid till date for the financial year is considered based on the formula
defined. If SDE ‘CUR_PRINCIPAL_OUTSTND’ is the basis for calculation, the additional
disbursement will not be considered in calculation for current year. It is used for calculation only
from next year onwards.
An SDE, ‘MIN_AMT_SCHODUE’ defines the formula for outstanding Minimum Amount Due
Amount for the latest billing period and will be available after the (pay by date + grace days). This
amount will be (Minimum Amount Due minus amount paid in the billing period). If this value is
negative, there will be no penal computed.
An SDE, ‘PAY_BY_SCHODUE’ defines the formula for outstanding amount as of a particular date
for the latest billing period. This will be available after the (pay by date + grace days). This
amount will be (Loan outstanding amount as of billing date minus amount paid in the billing
period).
The penalty can be setup on MAIN_INT component using the above two SDEs and available
support for rate, period and computation method.
As the minimum amount due is calculated for the billing period, the customer is expected to pay
the minimum amount due on or before the pay by date. The system will apply the penalty for the
following cases:
•
Minimum due not paid
•
Minimum due paid partially
4-28
In both the cases, the system will calculate the penalty from the billing date. In case of nonpayment on the payment date (Due Date), the system will calculate the penalty from the billing
date, for instance, if the billing date is 01-Feb-2009 and the payment date is 10-Feb-2009, then
on the payment date if the payment is not received from customer then the overdue penalty
interest will be calculated from 01-Feb-2009.
The sum of amount paid by the customer between the billing date and the pay by date will be
considered to check if the customer has paid the minimum amount due.
Example:
Let us assume that the Minimum amount due to be paid is 1500 and the billing date is 31-Jan-2009 and the
pay by date is 10-Feb-2009. And the customer has made the payments as follows:
Date
Amount Paid
02-Feb-2009
500
05-Feb-2009
700
10-Feb-2009
600
Based on the above payments made, the sum of amount paid by the customer between the billing date and
the pay by date is 1800, which is greater than the minimum amount due. Hence the system will consider this
condition as minimum amount paid.
4.3.3.3 Calculating NPV Difference
In case of early repayment of loans (partial or full), the following method is followed for penalty
calculation:
Let us assume that, X% of the total loan amount can be paid in one year. Penalty is applicable on
anything above X%. This penalty is the difference between the NPV of existing cash flows of the
loan being paid and the NPV of the cash flows post-prepayment application. Both the NPVs are
based on current yield curve i.e. yield rate supplied. This penalty can also be based on
percentage of amount being overpaid.
A UDE, ‘YIELD_RATE’ is used for the calculation of penalty based on NPV of current cash flows
of loan and NPV of new cash flows post-prepayment.
An SDE, XNPV computes the NPV value based on the current cash flows and future cash flows
(i.e. post-prepayment application) respectively.
The formula for calculating NPV is as follows:
PREPAID_AMOUNT > 0
The result of the formula is as follows:
@XNPVDIFF (XNPV, YIELD_RATE)
Result of the formula can be some percentage of the difference of the NPV as shown below:
@XNPVDIFF (XNPV, YIELD_RATE) * 0.05
4-29
The computation of pre-payment penalty is done by the system at the time of allocate. Internally
system applies the pre-payment and gets the future schedules. Subsequently, based on the
formula defined for XNPVDIFF, system finds the difference between the NPV based on the yield
rate and populates the same against the pre-payment penalty component.
Penalty based on NPV is supported by the system only when product is amortized.
4.3.4 Specifying User Data Elements
You can capture the user data elements details of a product by clicking the ‘User Data Elements’
button. The screen is displayed below:
To define a User Data Element (UDE), you have to specify the following details:
User Data Elements ID and Description
Data elements like the rate at which interest has to be applied, the tier structure based on which
interest needs to be computed etc. are called User Data Elements (UDEs). These are, in effect,
elements for which you can capture the values. You have to specify a unique ID to identify the
UDE in the system. For instance, you can have a UDE ‘SUBSIDY_RATE’ to indicate the rate to
be used for calculating the subsidy interest amount. The UDE maintained here will be available
for defining product rules.
You can also provide a brief description of the UDE being defined.
User Data Elements Type
UDE Type will describe the nature of the UDE. An UDE can fall into one the following types:
•
Amount
•
Number
•
Rate
4-30
•
Rate Code
User Data Elements Currency
If the UDE type is ‘Amount’, you should specify the currency of the UDE. The currencies
maintained in the ‘Currency Definition’ screen are available in the option-list provided. You can
select a currency from this list.
Minimum User Data Elements
You need to specify the floor limit for the UDE value. This means that the actual UDE value
cannot be less than the rate specified here. Note that this amount has to be less than the
maximum UDE value. The system will throw an error message if the minimum UDE value is
greater than the maximum UDE value.
Maximum User Data Elements
You need to specify the ceiling limit for the UDE value. This means that the actual UDE value
cannot be greater than the rate specified here. Note that this amount has to be greater than the
minimum UDE value. The system will throw an error message if this value is less than the
minimum UDE value.
The UDE names alone are captured here. To capture the values for the UDEs defined for a
product, you have to use the ‘UDE Values’ screen.
Refer the section titled ‘Providing UDE Values’ in the ‘Maintenances and Operations’ chapter of
this User Manual for more details.
Rate Change Restricted
On checking this option, the system validates if the changes done to the UDE is done during rate
plan change window. If this field is unchecked, then the system will not put any restriction on the
amendment of the UDE based on rate plan change window.
System will validate that either all the parameters for rate plan change is input or every
parameter is null at the time of product input/amendment.
4.3.4.1 Maintaining System Data Elements for Advance Interest
You need to maintain the following system data elements for advance interest collection:
•
SCH_COUNTER_SUM
•
PRE_EMI_DAYS
•
NO_OF_MAININT_SCHS
Invoke ‘System Data Elements’ screen from the Application Browser.
4-31
Here, you need to capture the following details:
Element ID
Enter a code to identify the system data element that you are maintaining. For advance interest
calculation, the element ID can be one of the following:
•
SCH_COUNTER_SUM – Evaluated as sum of all EMI schedule counters. This has to be
maintained for loans whose interest collection method is ‘Interest in Advance’ and
formula type is ‘Rental Amort Advance’.
•
PRE_EMI_DAYS –
¾
¾
•
Evaluated as days between loan value date and EMI start date (where the formula
type is ‘Amort Advance’). EMI start date is the main interest payment date if the value
date is not a normal EMI day as per EMI frequency. Otherwise, it is evaluated as ‘0’
where value date is an EMI cycle day.
Evaluated as days between the loan value date and first interest only payment start
date (where interest collection method is ‘Interest in Advance’ and formula type is less
than or greater than ‘Amort Advance’). Otherwise, it is evaluated as ‘0’ where value
date is the first interest only payment start date.
NO_OF_MAININT_SCHS
Function Name
Specify the function name for the system data element.
Datatype
Specify the data type for the SDE. Choose the appropriate option from the dropdown menu.
4.3.5 Specify Components Details
You can define the features of the components in the ‘Components’ screen. Invoke this screen by
clicking ‘Components’ button. The following screen displays:
4-32
Specify the following details:
Class Code
Select a class code from the adjoining option list. The option list displays all the valid classes
maintained in the system. One class can have multiple components defined. The system attaches
all the components to the product on clicking ‘Default from Class’ button
On authorizing a component class, system will create the required accounting roles and amount
tags.
Component Details
The basic information for a component is specified here. This includes the following:
Component
The components defined for the selected class are available here. You can scroll and select an
appropriate component. Subsequently, you have to define the parameters for these components.
For Commitment products, the MAIN_INT component is used for defining periodic fees on the
unutilized commitment amount.
Currency
Associate the component with a currency. The component is expressed in the currency selected
here. You can select the currency of your choice from the option list provided.
If you do not specify any, system defaults the account currency. Based on the value of this
field system calculates the exact amount in this currency. If it is different from the account
currency then system calculates the amount using ‘Rate Preferences’ you have provided. If the
account that has to be debited with this amount is denominated in a different currency, system
will calculate the settlement amount using standard MID rate. You can modify this field on
account level.
4-33
Calculation Type
Specify the manner in which the component should be calculated and liquidated. You can choose
one of the following options (the applicable ‘Component Type’ is also provided):
•
Formula with schedule (Component Type - Interest)
•
Formula without schedule (Charge)
•
Penal Interest
•
Prepayment Penalty
•
Discount
•
Schedule without formula (Principal)
•
No schedule No formula (Ad Hoc Charges)
•
Penalty Charges
•
Margin
•
Savings
Note the following:
• ‘Penalty Charges’ are calculated only once for a ‘Penal Basis’ schedule. ‘Penal Basis’ is
explained later in this user manual.
• The component ‘Savings’ is used for interest calculation on the value dated balance of
the savings account. This component needs to be defined as simple interest component with
its basis element as ‘CUSTAC_BAL’, and rate to use as ‘INTEREST_RATE’. Formula for this
component is as shown:
@SIMPLE (CUSTAC_BAL, (INTEREST_RATE), DAYS, YEAR, COMPOUND_VALUE)
A component of the type Ad hoc can be set up. Since ad hoc charges cannot be computed
upfront or scheduled, select this field as ‘No Schedule No Formula’.
Include in EMI
Check this box to indicate that the selected component should be included in EMI calculation.
Show in Stmnts/Notices
By default, the system will check this box. This box will be checked or unchecked depending on
the preferences at the product level. However, you can modify it. If you uncheck this box, then the
internal charges of the components will not be displayed in the statements and notices.
Main Component
This option is used to designate a component as the ‘Main’ Interest component. If you enable the
‘Main Component’ option for a particular component, the system treats this component as the
main component. Also, you are allowed to define the amortization schedules only for this
component.
‘Principal’ is an implicit component that is automatically created for the product
4-34
Capitalization
You can indicate whether capitalization is required for all the schedules for various component of
the loan. At anytime, the outstanding interest will be capitalized on the schedule date at the rate
prevalent on that day. You can opt for capitalization at the component level or opt for
capitalization/non capitalization for a particular schedule at the ‘Schedule’ level.
You could have more than one type of schedules applicable on a product. In such a case, you
can designate one as the capitalized and the other as un-capitalized schedule.
Interest Posting Required
Check this option if you require interest posting.
Component Type
Indicate the nature of the component. This is also known as the ‘Reporting Type’. It defines the
manner in which the component should be classified for reporting/accounting purposes. A
component can be of one of the following types:
• Reimbursement: these are components which have both Dr and Cr mapped to settlement
accounts
• Off-Balance Sheet (OBS): An OBS Component will have balances but these need not be
zero when an account is closed
•
Fund Interest: This indicates the funding component
•
Ad hoc Charges
•
Charge
•
Tax
•
Insurance
•
Interest
•
Provisioning
•
Deposit
The fund interest component gets liquidated on schedule even if the customer does not pay
the other components.
During EOD, provisioning event is triggered for all loan accounts linked to a customer whenever
you modify the credit rating of a customer at the customer level. Provisioning amount is
calculated based on the formula maintained for the Provisioning Component at the Product level.
During EOD batch, PROV event is picked and processed for all the loan accounts for which
PROV event is to be triggered. As a part of end of day batch accounting entries are passed for
the calculated provision amount.
Even though the credit rating changes at customer level, the Provision event will not be triggered
for accounts belonging to that CL product level, if the following maintenances are not done:
•
Provisioning component maintenance at product level
•
Provisioning event (PROV) maintenance at product level
•
If Accrual frequency is daily at product level
4-35
Propagation is required
Check this option to indicate that the interest amount collected from the borrower should be
passed on to participants.
Accrual Basis Component
Select the accrual basis of the interest component from the dropdown menu. This component is
applicable for rental and amort advances.
Component Attributes
The component attributes include the following:
Periodicity
The periodicity of the component can be either:
•
Daily
•
Periodic
If you choose the periodicity as ‘Daily’, any changes to UDE and SDE values will result in
recalculation of the component. The recalculation happens as and when a change in value
occurs. If maintained as ‘Periodic’, the values and calculations of the elements will be refreshed
on the last day of the period.
In case of a product having main and subsidy interest components, the schedule periodicity
needs to be identical for both components.
Special Component
You can define a component as a ‘Special Interest Component’. You can override such
components at the account level. You may need to apply a special interest component as a result
of customer negotiations. A special interest component is specified as an amount.
Penalty Effective From
This field is enabled only for penalty components. It is used to accrue interest on outstanding
principal component which is unpaid even after the maturity date.
Indicate the date from which the penalty needs to be calculated. The following options are
available:
• Value Date - penalty is calculated based on base component due date + grace days
• Maturity Date - penalty is calculated on outstanding principal beyond maturity
Note the following:
• ‘Maturity Date’ option must be selected to calculate penalty interest on outstanding
principal beyond maturity date
• Only one penalty component with the option ‘Maturity Date’ is allowed for a product
Any principal repayments done for the over-due period will trigger a recalculation taking into
consideration the amount being paid against the principal component.
4-36
If the maturity date for a loan is extended, the accrued penalty component is reversed till the new
maturity date and the schedules are recalculated. However, if the penalty component dues are
already settled, then rollover and VAMI for extension of maturity date will not be possible. In this
case you have to manually reverse the payment against the penalty component before trying to
process loan rollover or the VAMI for Maturity extension.
For the penalty component effective post maturity date, an estimated due amount as of the due
date will be used at the time of billing. If there is any back dated change in financials post maturity
date, then system will recalculate the loan schedules. If the change is done after billing notice
generation, then system will still collect the billed amount for all scheduled components and
adjust the excess/ shortfall in the subsequent schedules.
Formula Type
You can specify the type of formula to be used for calculating the component. This formula is
applied for the component across all its’ schedules. It can be one of the following:
•
User Defined: This can also include a combination of standard formulae for different
schedules of the component or can have a completely user defined formula.
•
Standard
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
Simple
Amortized Rule of 78
Discounted
Amortized Reducing
True Discounted
Rate Only
Amortized Payment in Advance
Simple Payment in Advance
Rental Amort Advance
Amort Advance
You can choose the option ‘Amortized Reducing’ for subsidy component.
Note the following:
•
This is not applicable for the ‘PRINCIPAL’ component
• For a commitment product, the formula type cannot be ‘Amortized’, ‘Discounted’ or
‘Simple’
Penal Basis
You may want to allot the penalty to the recovery of certain components. Once a component is
overdue, an appropriate penalty is applied. Therefore, you need to identify the component, which
on becoming overdue will trigger the penalty computation. However, the system will calculate the
penalty on the component you select in the ‘Basis Element’ field.
For VAT component, you need to set Penal Basis as the underlying charge component. The
system validates if the penal basis component is a charge other than the penal basis and that
both these charges are attached to the same event. The SDE ‘<BASIS_COMP>_CURVAL’
indicates the amount due for the penal basis component.
Whenever the event associated with the penal basis and VAT component charge is triggered, the
penal basis component is calculated first, after which VAT component is calculated.
4-37
For commitment products ‘PRINCIPAL’ is not used for penal basis and for basis amount. In
case of EMI products, instalment amount is used for calculating the penalty.
Balance Type
Identify the nature of the balance that the component would hold. The following are the options
available:
•
Debit
•
Credit
For instance, for a loan product, the ‘Principal’ component is expected to have a ‘Debit’ balance.
Basis Element
If you select the ‘Standard’ formula type, you have to specify the component upon which
calculation should be performed. The component is denoted by an SDE (e.g.
PRICIPAL_EXPECTED) and you can select it from the option list provided. For an
overdue/penalty component, this is the element on which penalty is applied.
This is not applicable if ‘Formula Type’ is ‘User Defined’.
Note the following:
• If you want to use an SDE which is not listed as Basis element but exists in the
system as SDE, then you should maintain a ‘User Defined’ formula instead of a
Standard Formula.
• The main interest component (MAIN_INT) for the immediate period includes the
penalty interest. For this calculation, the system uses the SDE ‘Outstanding Principal
Balance’ instead of ‘Expected Principal Balance’. This is applicable to simple as well
as amortized loans. The SDE ‘PRINCIPAL_OUTSTAND’ is the sum of the principal
expected and principal overdue. Thus, the main interest component will be
recalculated accordingly.
Rate to Use
Here, you need to select the UDE which will define the rate to be used for computing the
component. The value of the selected UDE is picked up as per the maintenance in the ‘UDE
Values’ screen. For instance, you need to choose the option ‘SUBSIDY_RATE’ for a subsidy
interest component.
This is applicable only for components defined with ‘Standard’ Formula Type
The ‘Basis Element’ for computing fund interest will always be ‘Principal Outstanding’ and the
‘Formula Type’ will be ‘Simple’, independent of the main interest component. The liquidation
mode for funding component will always be ‘Auto’, independent of the Product / Account
Liquidation mode.
Moratorium Preferences
The following parameters have to be specified:
4-38
Moratorium Period and Period Units
If you wish to provide a moratorium on a loan, you need to mention the moratorium period and
moratorium unit for each component. This refers to a repayment holiday at the beginning of the
loan.
When you input a loan in Oracle FLEXCUBE, the repayment start date of each component will be
defaulted based on your specifications here. The moratorium unit should be in terms of:
•
Days
•
Months
•
Years
Component Defaults
Interest Computation Methods
Here, you can specify the basis on which interest should be computed. The system will default
these details at the account level where, during account creation, you can change them, if you
wish. The system will compute interest using the account-level interest method specified.
You are required to specify the following details:
Days in Year
You can specify the number of days to be considered for a year during computation of a particular
component. This could be:
•
360: This means that only 360 days will be considered irrespective of the actual number
of calendar days
•
365: In this case, leap and non leap year will be 365
•
Actual: In this case, leap year will be 366 and non leap year will be 365
This value corresponds to the denominator part of the interest method
Days in Month
Here, you have to specify the number of days to be considered in a month for component
computation. The options available are:
•
Actual: This implies that the actual number of days is considered for calculation. For
instance, 31 days in January, 28 days in February (for a non-leap year), 29 days in
February (for a leap year) and so on
•
30 (EURO): In this case, 30 days is considered for all months including February,
irrespective of leap or non-leap year
•
30 (US): This means that only 30 days is to be considered for interest calculation for all
months except February where the actual number of days is considered i.e. 28 or 29
depending on leap or non-leap year
The value selected here corresponds to the Numerator part of the Interest method
4-39
Interest Method Default from Currency Definition
You also have the option to use the interest method defined for the currency of the component. In
this case, the interest method defined in the ‘Currency Definition’ screen (for the component
currency) will become applicable to the loan. By default, this option is checked.
Grace Days
The grace days refer to the period after the repayment date, within which the penalty interest (if
one has been defined for the product) will not be applied, even if the repayment is made after the
due date. This period is defined as a specific number of days and will begin from the date the
repayment becomes due. However, if the customer fails to repay even within the grace period,
penalty will be applied and calculated from the repayment due date.
However, in case a penalty charge is defined for a penal basis component under a retail lending
product, the ‘Grace Days’ is defined as part of itself. The schedule due date for the penalty
charge is then computed by adding the ‘Grace Days’ to the corresponding schedule due date of
the penal basis component.
Internal Rate of Return Applicable
Check this option to indicate that the chosen component needs to be considered for Internal Rate
of Return (IRR) calculation. This option is applicable to interest, charge, adhoc charge,
prepayment penalty, penalty and upfront fee components.
This option should not be checked for Commitment products.
If a charge component is to be considered for IRR, the charge will be accrued using the FACR
(Upfront Fee Accrual) batch.
The following components cannot be considered for IRR calculation:
•
Off-balance sheet component
•
Provision component
If you check this option, then you have to check the ‘Accrual Required’ option.
For bearing type of component formula, you can check this option only if the ‘Accrual Required’
option is checked.
For discounted or true discounted types of component formula, this option will be enabled
irrespective of the whether the ‘Accrual Required’ option is checked or not. If this option is
checked and ‘Accrual Required’ is not, the discounted component will be considered as a part of
the total discount to be accrued for Net Present Value (NPV) computation. If both ‘Accrual
Required’ and ‘IRR Applicable’ are checked, then discounted interest will be considered for IRR
computation.
Verify Funds
You can indicate whether the system should verify the availability of sufficient funds in the
customer account before doing auto liquidation of the component.
4.3.5.1 Defining Pre EMI Interest Component
You can maintain various interest components in FLEXCUBE. If the loan value date is not the
same as the EMI / interest only payment date, as per the normal cycle, you need to define a
special pre EMI component.
4-40
The schedule for this component should be defined as follows:
•
Start Reference – Value Date
•
Frequency Unit – Daily
•
Frequency – 0
•
Number of Schedules – 1
Interest Calculation Method
For all loans whose interest collection method is ‘Interest in Advance’ and the formula type for
main interest component has been is ‘Amort Advance’, the interest calculation method will be
parameterized as Actual / 360.
1. Formula for Rental Advance Type Product
The pre EMI component formula setup is as follows:
PRE_EMI =((( NO_OF_MAININT_SCHS/SCH_COUNTER_SUM)*
AMOUNT_FINANCED*((INT_RATE_UDE/100) * NO_OF_MAININT_SCHS - 1))*12)
*(PRE_EMI_DAYS/360)
This is the interest for partial month. The daily interest for the first EMI month is multiplied by the
days in the partial month.
2. Formula for Amort Advance Type Product
Pre EMI component formula setup is as follows:
PRE_EMI= AMOUNT_FINANCED*(INT_RATE_UDE/100)*(PRE_EMI_DAYS/360)
The schedule payment start date of the PRE_EMI component must be user defined. Value date
and the number of schedules need to be set as 1. The payment frequency should be set as
‘Daily’.
The pre EMI component need not have accruals. The system will pass the following entries:
Event: INIT
Amount Tag
Event
Dr/Cr Indicator
Accounting Role
PRE_EMI_LIQD
INIT
Dr
Customer
PRE_EMI_LIQD
INIT
Cr
Interest Income
4.3.5.2 Defining Principal Component
Principal component has a monthly schedule with its due date as the first day of every month.
There will not be any Principal bullet schedule on maturity.
The system will pass the following accounting entries:
Event: MLIQ / ALIQ
Amount Tag
Event
Dr/Cr Indicator
4-41
Accounting Role
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
MLIQ/ALIQ
Dr
Customer
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
MLIQ/ALIQ
Cr
Loan Asset
4.3.5.3 Defining Main Interest Component
Main interest component has a monthly schedule with its due date as the first day of every month.
There will not be any main interest bullet schedule on maturity.
1. Rental in Advance Type Product
Main interest component MAIN_INT is defined with formula type ‘Rental Amort Advance’ instead
of the standard ‘Amort’ formula.
EMI = AMOUNT_FINANCED*(INT_RATE_UDE/100)
Total Payout = EMI * Number of EMI Schedules = AMOUNT_FINANCED *
(INT_RATE_UDE/100) * NO_OF_MAININT_SCHS
Total Interest Payout = Total Payout – Amount Financed
= AMOUNT_FINANCED*((INT_RATE_UDE/100)* NO_OF_MAININT_SCHS – 1)
Main interest portion in EMI =
(Reverse schedule counter of the installment being computed / sum of all installments) * Total
Interest Payout
= (REV_SCH_COUNTER / SCH_COUNTER_SUM) * AMOUNT_FINANCED *
[(INT_RATE_UDE/100) * NO_OF_MAININT_SCHS – 1]
As a result,
Principal portion in EMI = EMI – Interest portion in EMI
= (AMOUNT_FINANCED * INT_RATE_UDE/100) – [( NO_OF_MAININT_SCHS SCH_COUNTER+1) / SCH_COUNTER_SUM] * AMOUNT_FINANCED * [(INT_RATE_UDE/100)
* NO_OF_MAININT_SCHS – 1]
Thus, main interest accrual will follow the calculation:
[(REV_SCH_COUNTER / SCH_COUNTER_SUM) * AMOUNT_FINANCED *
[(INT_RATE_UDE/100) * NO_OF_MAININT_SCHS – 1) * 12] * DAYS/360
2. Amort in Advance Type Product
The calculation for the main interest component within EMI will be as follows:
4-42
EMI = (AMOUNT_FINANCED * INT_RATE_UDE / 12) * {(1+ INT_RATE_UDE/12) ^
SCH_COUNTER_SUM / [(1+ INT_RATE_UDE/12) ^ SCH_COUNTER_SUM]-1}
The following formula is applicable for interest only schedules alone. It can be calculated as many
times as indicated in the field ‘No of Interest Only Schedules’.
MAIN_INT = AMOUNT_FINANCED * (INT_RATE_UDE/100) * (30 / 360)
After interest only schedules, the main interest portion within the EMI is calculated:
MAIN_INT = Reducing Principal Balance * [(INT_RATE_UDE / (12 * 100)]
As a result, the principal portion in the EMI is arrived as:
PRINCIPAL = EMI – Main interest portion in EMI.
The main interest accrual will be calculated as follows:
Reducing Principal Balance * (INT_RATE_UDE / 100) * (DAYS / 360)
The system will pass the following accounting entries on liquidation of the main interest
component:
Amount Tag
Event
Dr/Cr Indicator
Accounting Role
MAIN_INT_LIQD
MLIQ/ALIQ
Dr
Customer
MAIN_INT_LIQD
MLIQ/ALIQ
Cr
Interest Receivable
4.3.5.4 Defining Special Interest Accrual Component
A special interest component ADVINT need to be defined to perform interest accruals alone inline with the main interest collected in advance. The formula type for this special interest accrual
component is user defined.
1. Rental in Advance type of product
ADVINT formula = Same as the MAININT component. But this will have its schedule dates at the
end of the month.
2. Amort in Advance Type Product
ADVINT formula = Same as the MAININT component. But this will have its schedule dates at the
end of the month.
The schedule payment date of this component will be at the end of the accrual. However, this
component is not meant for customer settlement.
The system will pass the following accounting entries:
4-43
Events: ACCR, MLIQ / ALIQ
Amount Tag
Event
Dr/Cr Indicator
Accounting Role
ADVINT_ACCR
ACCR
Dr
Interest Receivable
ADVINT_ACCR
ACCR
Cr
Interest Income
ADVINT_ACCR
MLIQ/ALIQ
Dr
Dummy Loan GL
ADVINT_ACCR
MLIQ/ALIQ
Cr
Dummy Loan GL
Accruals/Provisioning
To perform accrual of the components, you have to capture the following details:
Accrual Required
You can use this option to indicate that the component has to be accrued and provisioning is
applicable. For the components that have been marked for accrual, you need to specify the
accrual frequency, start month and start date in the respective fields.
If the ‘Calculation Type’ is ‘Penalty Charges’ for a component, the ‘Accrual Required’ option is
disabled.
If you maintain a simple interest type product you do not need a ‘Bullet’ schedule. However, in
case of an amortizing product “Bullet” schedule has to be maintained separately
Frequency
If you have opted for accrual and provisioning for the components, you have to specify the
frequency for the same. The frequency can be one of the following:
•
Daily
•
Monthly
•
Quarterly
•
Half yearly
•
Yearly
Start Month
If you set the accrual/provisioning frequency as quarterly, half yearly or yearly, you have to
specify the month in which the first accrual has to begin, besides the date.
Start Date
In the case of monthly, quarterly, half yearly or yearly frequencies, you should specify the date on
which the accrual/provisioning has to be done. For example, if you specify the date as ‘30’,
accruals will be carried out on the 30th of the month, according to the frequency that you have
defined.
Prepayment Threshold
This includes the threshold amount and currency, explained below:
4-44
Amount
Here, you can maintain the minimum limit for allowing prepayment of schedules. If the residual
amount after prepayment against a schedule is less than the threshold amount you specify here,
the system will disallow the prepayment.
Currency
If you specify the threshold amount, you also have to indicate the currency in which the amount
should be expressed. You can select the currency from the option-list provided.
Schedule Preferences
In the ‘Component’ section of the screen, you need to maintain the applicable schedule details for
each component:
Sequence Number
You can define more than one schedule for a component. The sequence number determines the
order in which the individual schedule should be applied on a component. For instance, you can
define a schedule structure consisting of a moratorium schedule and a normal schedule. The
moratorium schedule, if defined for a component, should necessarily be the first schedule. You
cannot have moratorium schedules in between normal schedules.
Type
This is the kind of schedule you want to define. The options are:
• Payment: This is used to define a repayment schedule. You can capitalize a payment
schedule. If the ‘Capitalized’ option (under Component Definition) is checked, the
‘Capitalized’ option at the schedule level will also be checked for payment schedules. You
can, however, uncheck/check this option for a schedule.
• Disbursement: You can maintain a disbursement schedule for loan disbursal if the
‘Disbursement Mode’ is automatic (this is maintained on the ‘Preferences’ button). For auto
disbursement, you have to maintain at least one disbursement schedule.
• Rate Revision schedules: This will capture the schedule at which the rates applicable to
the component should be revised.
Start Reference
This is used to capture the reference to arrive at the due date of the schedule. The options are:
• Calendar: If you select this option, you should also specify the ‘Start Date’ for the
schedule. For example, if an account is created on 15th Sept with a ‘Monthly’ schedule
frequency and the Start Date is 1st, then the schedule due dates would be 1st Oct, 1st Nov and
so on.
• Value Date: If you select value date, the schedule due dates will be based on the Value
Date of the account. For instance, if an account is created on 15th Sept and the schedule
frequency is ‘Monthly’, then the schedule due date would be 15th October, 15th Nov and so
on.
For a component, you can define schedules based on both value date and calendar date.
Frequency Unit
Here, you have to capture the unit to define the schedule. The unit can have the following values:
4-45
•
Daily
•
Weekly
•
Monthly
•
Quarterly
•
Half Yearly
•
Yearly
•
Bullet
If the schedule unit is ‘Weekly’, you should also capture the ‘Start Day’. Similarly, for units
‘Quarterly’, ‘Half Yearly’ and ‘Yearly’, you should also specify the ‘Start Month’.
If you maintain a simple interest type product, you do not need a ‘Bullet’ schedule; however,
in case of an amortizing product you need to maintain a ‘Bullet’ schedule separately.
Frequency
This is used in combination with ‘Unit’ explained above, to define non-standard frequencies. For
instance, a ‘Monthly’ unit and frequency 2 implies that the schedule is bi-monthly (occurring every
two months).
Start Day
If the schedule unit is ‘Weekly’, you should specify the start day to initiate the schedule. The dropdown box lists the days of the week
Start Month
This is applicable if the schedule unit is one of the following:
•
Quarterly
•
Half Yearly
•
Yearly
The drop-down box lists the months in a year
Start Date
Here, you can specify a value between 1 and 31. This is applicable if the schedule unit is
‘Monthly’
Due On
You can use this to define a schedule on a particular date of the month. A value between 1 and
31 can be used for this purpose. If you specify a value here, the system will build the schedules
based on this date even if you have indicated the ‘Start Date’ for the schedule.
Formula Name
You have to select the formula applicable for component value calculation. The Booked and
Intermediate formulae defined for the component are available in the option list. With a userdefined formula maintained through the rule builder, you can define a schedule with multiple
formulae.
4-46
Schedule Flag
You can define a non-repayment schedule or a repayment schedule. This field is used to identify
the schedule type:
•
Normal: This refers to a repayment schedule. Repayment happens as and when the
schedule falls due
•
Moratorium: This refers to a non-repayment schedule or a repayment holiday during the
repayment cycle of a loan
Number of schedules
The value captured here determines the number of times a schedule frequency should recur. For
example, a 12 monthly schedule would have a ‘Monthly’ unit and number of schedules as 12. The
number of schedules you specify here should be in accordance with maximum tenor you have
specified in ‘Tenor’ section of ‘Preferences’ tab.
Capitalized
Check this option to specify capitalization of the component for a particular schedule. If the
‘Capitalized’ option (under Component Definition) is checked, the ‘Capitalized’ option at the
schedule level will also be checked for payment schedules. You can, however, uncheck this
option for a schedule.
Liquidation Mode
The liquidation mode selected at the product preference level is displayed here. However, the
system will not default it if the payment mode selected at the product preferences screen is
‘Component’. In that case, you can specify the liquidation mode here. Select the mode of
liquidation. The following are the options available:
• Auto
• Manual
You can modify the mode of liquidation only before the transaction takes place.
4.3.5.5 Intermediate Formula
Intermediate Formulae are used as building blocks for more complex formulae. An intermediate
formula is used to create a Booked/Moratorium formula as an intermediate step. It will not be
associated directly to any schedule.
To define an intermediate formula, click ‘Intermediate’ in the ’Components’ button of the screen.
The ‘Intermediate Formula - Expression Builder’ screen is displayed.
4-47
Formula Name
Specify a suitable name to identify the formula that you are defining. After you specify the name
you can define the characteristics of the formula in the subsequent fields. You have to use the
name captured here to associate a formula with a schedule. The name can comprise of a
maximum of 27 alphanumeric characters.
Round Up/Down
If you want to round off the results of an intermediate formula, you can indicate the same. The
options available are:
•
Up
•
Down
Rounding Factor
Specify the precision value if the number is to be rounded
It is mandatory for you to specify the precision value if you have maintained the rounding
parameter.
Compound Days
If you want to compound the result obtained for the intermediate formula, you have to specify the
frequency for compounding the calculated interest. The frequency can be in terms of days.
Compound Months
If you want to compound the result obtained for an intermediate formula, you have to specify the
frequency for compounding the calculated interest. The frequency can be in terms of months.
Compound Years
If you want to compound the result obtained for an intermediate formula, you have to specify the
frequency for compounding the calculated interest. The frequency can be in terms of years.
4-48
Condition and Result
A formula or calcualtion logic is built in the form of expressions where each expression consists of
a ‘Condition’ (optional) and a ‘Result’. There is no limit to the number of expressions in a formula.
For each condition, assign a unique sequence number/formula number. The conditions are
evaluated based on this number. To define a condition, click on ‘Condition’ in the screen above.
The following screen is displayed:
In this screen, you can use the elements, operators, and logical operators to build a condition.
Although you can define multiple expressions for a component, if a given condition is satisfied,
subsequent conditions are not evaluated. Thus, depending on the condition of the expression that
is satisfied, the corresponding formula result is picked up for component value computation.
Therefore, you have the flexibility to define a computation logic for each component of the
product.
The result of the formula may be used as an intermediate step in other formulae.
Using Intermediate Formulae for Amortized Loans
You can use intermediate formula in the interest components of amortized mortgage loans. To
enable this, you need to select the UDE ‘Z_INTRMDT_RATE’ against the field ‘Rate to Use’.
Further, you can set an intermediate formula with a combination of multiple UDEs in the ‘Result’
field. For example, you may specify the following formula:
INTEREST_RATE + MARGIN_RATE
This implies that the result is the sum of two user defined elements viz. ‘INTEREST_RATE’ and
‘MARGIN_RATE’. You may also define different formulae based on the conditions set.
Intermediate formulae support the following mathematical functions:
•
Plus (+)
•
Minus (-)
•
Multiplication (*)
•
Division (/)
4-49
Based on requirements, you may define and set various formulae using the above mathematical
functions.
The system calculates the value of the UDE ‘Z_INTRMDT_RATE’ based on the intermediate
formula defined. This calculation is handled in the system generated package. Apart from
‘Z_INTRMDT_RATE’, the system will not allow you to define a UDE that starts with ‘Z_’.
Oracle FLEXCUBE uses the following formats to display the derived interest rate:
Formats
CL_AMD_ADV
CL_LOAN_DETAIL
CL_CONTR_STMT
CL_UDE_ADVC
CL_RTCH_ADV
4.3.5.6 Booked Formula
Booked Formula refers to the formula used to compute a component value for a particular
schedule. You can use intermediate formulae to create a ‘Booked’ formula. To create the formula,
click ‘Book’ in the ‘Component’ button of the screen. The following screen is displayed:
The SDEs available will be shown in the Condition Builder. You can use the relevant ones to build
the formula. For instance, you need to use the SDE ‘TOTAL_SCHODUE’ in the formula to
compute schedule amount for subsidy loan products. The Booked formula so created will be
linked to a schedule.
These are some of the examples of the formulae generated by the system on its own by choosing
the formula type and the basis elements.
4-50
•
Simple @SIMPLE(PRINCIPAL_EXPECTED,(INTEREST_RATE),DAYS,YEAR,COMPOUND_VA
LUE)
•
Amortized Reducing @AMORT_RED(PRINCIPAL_EXPECTED,(INTEREST_RATE),DAYS,YEAR)
•
Discounting @DISCOUNTED(PRINCIPAL_EXPECTED,(INTEREST_RATE),DAYS,YEAR)
•
Amortised Rule 78 @AMORT_78(PRINCIPAL_EXPECTED,(INTEREST_RATE),DAYS,YEAR)
•
True Discounted @TRUE_DISC(PRINCIPAL_EXPECTED,(INTEREST_RATE),DAYS,YEAR)
•
Amortized – Payment in Advance @AMORT_ADV(PRINCIPAL_EXPECTED,INTEREST_RATE,DAYS,YEAR)
•
Simple – Payment in Advance @SIMPLE_ADV(PRINCIPAL_EXPECTED,INTEREST_RATE,DAYS,YEAR,COMPOUND
_VALUE)
You can maintain variation of the above formulae to achieve certain specific results
Example:
Assume that for an amortized type CL product, you wish to collect processing charge @ 1.5 % subject to
minimum processing charge of 1000 INR and maximum processing charge of 5000 INR.
Maintain UDEs as under:
•
MIN_PROC_CHG: 1000 INR
•
MAX_PROC_CHG : 5000 INR
•
PROC_CHG:
1,5%
Maintain SDEs - AMOUNT_FINANCED, RATE, DAYS, YEAR
Maintain Formula (Booked) - PROC_CHG_FRM_1 as under:
LEAST (GREATEST (@SIMPLE (AMOUNT_FINANCED,
PROC_CHG_RATE,DAYS,YEAR,COMPOUND_VALUE),MIN_PROC_CHG),MAX_PROC_CHG)
In case financed amount is 14, 00,000 INR, system will apply the processing charge 1750 INR (minimum).
The parameters required to create a ‘Booked’ formula are similar to the ones explained for an
Intermediate formula.
The formula for calculation of ‘Provision Amount’ is defined based on the following conditions:
Line
Condition
Result
1
CUSTOMER_CREDIT_RATING=”AAA”
PRINCIPAL_OUTSTAND*0.0015
2
CUSTOMER_CREDIT_RATING=”AA+”
PRINCIPAL_OUTSTAND*0.0025
3
CUSTOMER_CREDIT_RATING=”AA”
PRINCIPAL_OUTSTAND*0.0035
4
CUSTOMER_CREDIT_RATING=”A+”
PRINCIPAL_OUTSTAND*0.0045
5
CUSTOMER_CREDIT_RATING=”A”
PRINCIPAL_OUTSTAND*0.0055
6
CUSTOMER_CREDIT_RATING=”BBB”
PRINCIPAL_OUTSTAND*0.0065
4-51
7
CUSTOMER_CREDIT_RATING=”BB+”
PRINCIPAL_OUTSTAND*0.0075
8
CUSTOMER_CREDIT_RATING=”BB”
PRINCIPAL_OUTSTAND*0.0085
Amortized
Select this option to specify that the schedules of the component should be amortized
For Commitment products do not select this option
Amortization Basis
If you opt to Amortize the schedules of the component, you have to identify the element based on
which the component is amortized. For example, if it is deposit interest, the amortization basis
would be ‘Principal’. The components are available in the option list provided.
In case of a subsidy loan, amortization is done with both the main interest and the subsidy
component. For instance, if the interest rate is x% and the subsidy rate is y%, amortization will be
done using net interest rate as x+y%, in the aforesaid scenario. The interest component will be
calculated for the main interest and the subsidy component based on the principal expected and
the individual rates for the components.
4.3.5.7 Moratorium Formula
Moratorium refers to the repayment holiday given during the period between the value date of the
loan and the first repayment date. While no repayment will happen during this period,
computation will continue. However, you can also have a principal moratorium wherein no
principal repayment happens in a certain period; only interest component is repaid. This
moratorium may be applied at any stage of the repayment cycle of the loan. In case of a principal
moratorium, you need to ensure that the tenor given in the formula does not exceed the principal
moratorium period. The Moratorium formula is used for the computation of interest for the
moratorium period.
To define the formula, click ‘Moratorium’ in the ‘Component’ button of the screen. The
‘Moratorium Formula – Expression Builder’ screen is displayed:
4-52
The procedure for defining the Moratorium formula is as explained for Intermediate and Booked
formulae. The following additional fields are also applicable for a moratorium formula:
Formula Name
Here, you specify a suitable name to identify the formula that you are defining. After you specify
the name, you can define the characteristics of the formula in the subsequent fields. You have to
use the name captured here to associate a formula with a schedule. The name can comprise of a
maximum of 27 alphanumeric characters.
Moratorium Liquidation Formula
The formula used for computation of interest for the moratorium period is called ‘Moratorium
Formula’. The Interest calculated using the moratorium formula should be liquidated for the
lifetime of the loan by apportioning it across all the installments. Therefore, you need to maintain
a formula for liquidating the moratorium interest.
Check this option to indicate that the formula you have maintained is for Moratorium liquidation.
Liquidate Moratorium to Installment
This option is applicable only if you are defining a ‘Moratorium Liquidation Formula’
If you check this option, the moratorium interest amount is added to the first installment amount
and collected along with the schedule on the day the schedule falls due.
If you do not check this option, the moratorium amount is allocated from the Installment due. The
principal component of the EMI is liquidated towards the moratorium. Therefore, Principal
repayment does not begin until complete settlement of the moratorium amount.
Default Moratorium Formula
If you want to create a default moratorium formula, check this option. By default, the system will
attach this formula to a moratorium schedule. You can, however, change it to a different
moratorium formula.
4.3.5.8 Installment Level Status
For a component, you can maintain Schedule/Installment level status change parameters. You
can also specify the account Heads and Roles to be used whenever an installment changes from
one status to the other.
To define the installment level status change details, click ‘Installment Status’ in the ‘Components’
button of the screen - the ‘Installment Status’ screen is displayed:
4-53
The following details have to be captured here:
Sequence Number
The number you capture here is used to identify the adversity level of an installment. It should not
overlap with that of an account status, expect for the first factory shipped status ‘NORM’
(Normal).
Status Code
The status that an installment will go through is specified here. The sequence number determines
the order when the installment would attain this status. The status codes defined in the ‘Status
Codes Maintenance’ screen are available in the option-list provided.
Status Rule
The rule defined here will determine the movement of the installment to the selected status (in the
‘Status’ field). You can build multiple conditions for a rule.
To do this, click on ‘Condition’ in the screen above. The ‘Condition Builder’ is displayed.
4-54
You can build the conditions using the elements (SDEs), operators and logical operators
available in the screen above.
Examples of Status Movement Rules are given below:
•
NORM TO PDO1 PRINCIPAL_OVR_DAYS > 30 OR MAIN_INT_OVR_DAYS > 30
•
NORM TO DOUB PRINCIPAL_OVR_DAYS > 60 OR MAIN_INT_OVR_DAYS > 60
•
PDO1 TO NORM PRINCIPAL_OVR_DAYS < 31 AND MAIN_INT_OVR_DAYS < 31
•
PDO1 TO DOUB PRINCIPAL_OVR_DAYS > 60 OR MAIN_INT_OVR_DAYS > 60
•
DOUB TO PDO1 (PRINCIPAL_OVR_DAYS > 30 AND PRINCIPAL_OVR_DAYS < 61) AND
(MAIN_INT_OVR_DAYS > 30 AND MAIN_INT_OVR_DAYS < 61)
•
DOUB TO NORM PRINCIPAL_OVR_DAYS < 31 AND MAIN_INT_OVR_DAYS < 31
For details on building a condition using the options available in the screen, refer the section titled
‘Defining UDE Rules’ in the ‘Maintenances and Operations’ chapter of this User Manual.
The installment will move to the status selected if the associated status rule is satisfied.
Complete Pending Accruals
Check this box to indicate if the pending interest accruals need to be completed before the
Installment status changes. This is applicable only if Accrual Frequency is any one of the
following:
•
Monthly
•
Quarterly
•
Half yearly
•
Yearly
This check box will not be enabled if Accrual Frequency in the ‘Consumer Lending Product’
screen is ‘Daily’.
4-55
Accounting Entries
For each status of the installment, you can specify the accounting entry preferences. Whenever
an installment attains a status, the entries are passed as per the setup maintained for that status.
Therefore, the entries will be moved from the active GLs to the status specific GLs. However,
when the actual payment occurs, the system will automatically resolve the appropriate GLs.
For more details on setting up accounting entry preferences, refer the section titled ‘Maintaining
Event details’ in this chapter.
Specifying Policy preferences
You can associate policies at an installment level. Policies are user defined validations that are
fired when an event is triggered. To link a policy, click ‘Policies’ in the ‘Component Installment
Status’ screen – the following screen is displayed:
Specify the following in this screen:
Policy Code
The Standard Policies (defined through the ‘Policy Maintenance’ screen) and the Policies
associated with the product category are available in the option list provided. Policies are used to
handle special validations and operations on a loan.
Execution Type
You can associate a policy at one of the following points in time in a loan -event lifecycle:
•
Before Event
•
After Event
•
Both
The policy is executed appropriately.
4-56
For details on maintaining policy details, refer the section titled ‘Maintaining User Defined
Policies’ in the ‘Maintenances and Operations’ chapter of this User Manual.
4.3.5.9 Processing at Installment Level
At the installment level, if there is a change in the installment status, Oracle FLEXCUBE will first
check if accrual is required for the installment components. When the accrual frequency for a
component is not ‘Daily’, Oracle FLEXCUBE will validate if the installment status changes before
accrual execution date. If it changes, Oracle FLEXCUBE will trigger catchup accrual for the
component till the installment status change date. Subsequent to this, Oracle FLEXCUBE will
process the installment status change.
The following example will explain the Complete Pending Accrual functionality. This is applicable
for both Installment Level as well as Account Level Status change.
Example
Let us assume an accrual frequency for a component MAIN_INT. The schedules for this component are as
follows:
•
Value Date – 05-Jan-06
•
Schedule Dates:
¾
¾
05-Jan-06,
05-Feb-06
05-Mar-06
•
Accrual Execution Dates:
¾
31-Jan-06
28-Feb-06
¾
¾
If the installment status or account status changes on 15-Jan-06, Oracle FLEXCUBE will trigger catch up
accrual if ‘Complete Pending accrual’ is checked.
Note the following:
•
An installment status change will not change the next execution date of unprocessed
ACCR events.
•
A status change is applicable for both manual and automatic installment status.
•
If you delete an Installment level status change, it will delete the catch up accrual
accounting entries also.
You can reverse an installment level status change by inputting another installment level status
change. For example, if installment status changes from NORM to OVD1, reversal of the same
can be done by doing installment status change from OVD1 to NORM. In this case no processing
will be done.
4.3.6 Mapping Accounting Roles to Product
You can define the accounting roles for a product in the ‘Role to Head’ button of the ‘Consumer
Lending Product’ screen. A list of user defined accounting roles that are applicable to the product
being maintained is provided.
This is a pre-defined list and you can add roles to it too.
4-57
The following details are captured in this screen:
Class Code
Select a class code from the adjoining option list. The option list displays all the valid classes
maintained in the system.
Class description
System displays the description of the class code upon selection of the class code.
Click ‘Default from Class’ button to default the role to head mapping details for the selected class.
You can select and modify the required role to head mapping details to suit the product you are
defining. You can also define new role to head mapping by clicking the ‘+’ button.
Map Type
The mapping between an accounting role and account head can be of the following types:
•
Static: If the map type is static, you can link an accounting role to only one accounting/GL
head (one to one mapping).
•
User Defined: For a user defined map type, you can maintain multiple linkages under
different conditions using a case-result rule structure (one to many accounting).
Accounting Role and Description
Accounting role is used to denote the accounting function of a GL or Account. To map a user
defined an accounting role to an account head, select a valid accounting role from the option list
provided. This list will display the roles available for the product being maintained.
4-58
Once you choose the user defined accounting role, the description maintained for the role is also
displayed in the adjacent field.
If you do not want to select a role from the option list, you can also create an accounting role for a
product and specify a brief description for the same.
The GLs (Account Heads) for the Dr/Cr Settlement Bridge Role will default as per your
selection in the ‘Branch Parameters’ screen.
Account Head and Description
The account head identifies the GL or Account to which the accounting entries would be posted.
Based on the type of accounting role you select (Asset, Liability etc.), the list of Account Heads
(General Ledger heads) that are of the same type as that of the accounting role, becomes
available in the option list provided. You can select an accounting head from this list and thus,
create a role to head mapping. On selection of the Account Head, the description is also
displayed in the adjacent field.
Click Add icon to create subsequent mappings for the product. If you would like to delete a role to
head mapping, click Delete icon.
Rule
If the ‘Map Type’ is ‘User Defined’, you can create a case-result rule structure based on which the
entries are posted to the appropriate account head. To create a rule, click ‘Rule’ in the ‘Role to
Head’ button of the product screen.
You can define multiple conditions and for each condition you can specify the resultant ‘Account
Head’. This way you can maintain one to many mappings between an accounting role and an
account head. Depending on the condition that is evaluated favorably, the corresponding account
head is used for posting the entries.
To build a condition, click on ‘Condition’ in the screen above. The ‘Condition Builder’ is displayed.
4-59
You can build the conditions using the elements (SDEs), operators and logical operators
available in the screen above.
For details on building a condition using the options available in the screen, refer the section titled
‘Defining UDE Rules’ in the ‘Maintenances and Operations’ chapter of this User Manual.
The system ensures that all accounting roles that are applicable for the Product and which
have been used in the definition of the accounting entries are necessarily linked to an account
head. If the mapping is not complete, an error message is displayed when you attempt to save
the product.
4.3.6.1 Dynamic Creation of Accounting Roles for a Component
For each component you define for a product, six accounting roles are dynamically created by the
system. For example, if you have defined a component ‘MAIN_INT’, the following accounting
roles are created:
•
MAIN_INTINC
- Component Income
•
MAIN_INTEXP
- Component Expense
•
MAIN_INTRIA
- Component Received in Advance
•
MAIN_INTPAY
- Component Payable
•
MAIN_INTREC - Component Receivable
•
MAIN_INTPIA
- Component Paid in Advance
For a detailed list of Events, Advices, Accounting Roles and Amount Tags, refer ‘Annexure 1’ of
this User Manual.
4.3.7 Specifying Account Status
Ideally, when setting up a product, you should identify all possible status that loans involving the
product would move into. A status can apply either to a loan installment or the entire loan
account.
For more details, refer the section titled ‘Specifying Component Details’ in this chapter
You can maintain account level status movement preferences the ‘Account Status’ screen.
4-60
In this screen, you can specify the following:
Class Code
Select a class code from the adjoining option list. The option list displays all the valid classes
maintained in the system.
Click ‘Default from Class’ button to default the account status details for the selected class. You
can select and modify the required details to suit the product you are defining. You can also
define new account status by clicking the ‘+’ button.
•
Define a status derivation rule to resolve a status
•
Define accounting entries, advices etc. which need to be fired for a status
•
Specify the liquidation order for a status
•
Associate charges, if applicable, for a status
•
Policies to be triggered for a status change
Status
When setting up a product, you should identify all possible statuses that loans involving the
product would move into. By default, the ‘NORM’ (Normal) status is defined for the product. You
can select the relevant status codes from the option list provided. The status codes defined
through the ‘Status Codes Maintenance’ screen with ‘Status Type’ as ‘Account’ is available in this
list.
When you select a status, the associated description is also displayed in the adjacent field.
4-61
Adversity Level
This signifies the adversity level of the status. The Status ‘NORM’ has an adversity level of ‘1’ and
is the most favorable. This is the default status for a loan.
Accrual Preference
For a status, you have to indicate the manner in which accounting entries should be posted when
the loan moves to the status. The options are:
•
Stop Accrual – accruals are frozen
•
Reverse Accrual – accruals till date are reversed by transferring them to an expense GL
• Continue Accrual – accruals continue as in the previous status as per the Role to Head
maintained for the status and as per the accounting entries defined
After you specify the status codes applicable for the product, you need to specify the manner in
which the status movement should occur.
From Status and To Status
When you highlight a status from the list of status codes maintained for the product, the selected
status becomes the ‘From Status’
In the option list provided for the ‘To Status’, the status codes applicable for the product is
displayed. Select the relevant status into which a loan should move from the ‘From Status’.
Movement Type
You have to indicate the type of movement of a loan from the current status (From Status) to the
next status (To Status). The movement can be:
•
Automatic
•
Manual
•
Both
Movement Rule
You have to define the status derivation rule which will determine the movement of a loan from
one status to the other. This is the condition based on which the status movement occurs. If a
loan satisfies all the rules defined due to which it can move to several statuses at a time, it will
identify the most adverse status and move to that status.
To define a derivation rule, click ‘Condition’ button in the screen above. The ‘Condition Builder’ is
displayed.
Complete Pending Accruals
Check this box to indicate if the pending interest accruals need to be completed before the
Account status changes. This is applicable only if Accrual Frequency is any one of the following:
•
Monthly
•
Quarterly
•
Half yearly
•
Yearly
4-62
This check box will not be enabled if Accrual Frequency in the ‘Consumer Lending Product’
screen is ‘Daily’.
You can build the conditions using the elements (SDEs), operators and logical operators provided
in the screen above.
For details on building a condition using the options available in the screen, refer the section titled
‘Defining UDE Rules’ in the ‘Maintenances and Operations’ chapter of this User Manual.
Example
Assume that the current status of a loan is ‘ACTIVE’ and you want the loan to move to the ‘OVERDUE’
status if the overdue months exceeds zero. To meet this requirement, you can define the following
parameters:
•
From Status: Active
•
To Status: Overdue
•
Movement Type: Automatic
•
Rule: If LOAN_STATUS = 'ACTIVE' AND OVERDUE_MONTHS > 0
If the loan satisfies the rule, it automatically moves to the ‘Overdue’ Status.
For securitization supporting product, you need to define a status called ‘SECR’ in the
product and maintain corresponding accounting entries for the status change to / from SECR
status.
Before Securitization, the user defined status will be ‘NORM’. During securitization, system
triggers the status change event and changes the status to ‘SECR’ and accordingly updates the
Securitization Pool Reference Number. During Buyback of securitization contract, system triggers
the status change event and changes the status from ‘SECR’ to ‘NORM’ status.
Private Balance Rule
Private Balance is the principal outstanding on a loan when it moves from normal status to a nonaccrual one. Based on the preference specified here, the system will allocate payments received
against different components of a loan after it has moved to the non-accrual status. Select either
of the following:
• ‘All Components’ - if you wish to use the payments received for all components – principal,
main interest, penal interest – to reduce the private balance of the loan
4-63
• ‘Principal Component’ - if only the payments made against the principal component should
be used to reduce the private balance of the loan
Refer the chapter ‘Operations’ in this User Manual for more details on private balances.
4.3.7.1 Specifying Liquidation Order
You can prioritize the liquidation of the various loan components at a status level. To maintain
liquidation order of components, click ‘Liquidation Order’ in the ‘Account Status’ button of the
screen – the following screen is displayed.
When a loan attains an adverse status, you may want to allot priority to the recovery of certain
components. For example, you may want to recover the Principal first and then the Interest type
of components.
The components maintained for the product are available in the option list provided. Select a
component and then specify the order of liquidation for the component.
Click on Add icon to maintain the liquidation order for the next component
4.3.7.2 Specifying Accounting Preferences
You can specify accounting preferences at a status level. You may have a GL structure under
which loans in ‘Normal’ status should report. You can maintain a different structure for loans in
other status. To do this, click ‘Accounting Entries’ in the ’Account Status’ button – the following
screen is displayed:
4-64
Also, for a status, you may not want to change accounting roles but change only the
accounts/GLs. The accounting roles will be the same. To achieve this, you can create a rule
based ‘Role to Head’ mapping. The SDEs like ’Account Status’ can be used to create the rule and
if a loan satisfies the rule i.e. moves to the status maintained in the rule, the Account Head
selected for the rule is used for posting the entries.
For a commitment product, the following amount tags are used for passing accounting entries:
Sl No
Amount Tag
Description
1
COMMUTIL_INCR
Commitment Amount Utilized
2
COMMUTIL_DECR
Commitment Amount Reinstated
3
COMM_UNUTIL
Commitment Amount unutilized
Refer the section titled ‘Maintaining Role to Head mapping preferences’ for details on creating a
‘Role to Head’ mapping.
4.3.7.3 Specifying Advices
You can also specify the advices that should be generated when a status change occurs. For
instance, when a loan moves from an ‘ACTIVE’ status to an ‘OVERDUE’ status, you can choose
to send an advice to inform the customer of the status change and request for payment.
The advices can be maintained in the ‘Product Event Advices Maintenance’ screen - click
‘Advices’ in the ‘Account Status’ button to invoke it.
4-65
You can associate advices at an event level also.
For more details on maintaining advice preferences, refer the ‘Maintaining Event details’ section
of this User Manual.
4.3.7.4 Specifying Policy Preferences
Just as you associate policies at an installment level, you can also associate policies for a loan
account status. To do this, click ‘Policies’ in the ‘Account Status’ button of the product screen –
the following screen is displayed:
Specify the following in this screen:
Policy Code
The policies defined in the ‘User Policy’ screen are available in the option list provided. Policies
are used to handle special validations and operations on a loan.
Execution Type
You can associate a policy at one of the following points in time in a loan-event lifecycle:
4-66
•
Before Event
•
After Event
•
Both
The policy gets executed appropriately
4.3.7.5 Associating Charges
Whenever a loan undergoes a status change, you can apply charge on the loan. You need to
associate charge components at a status level. To do this, click ‘Charges’ in the ‘Account Status’
button of the screen – the following screen is displayed:
The charge type of components defined for the product (in the ‘Components’ button of the
screen) are displayed in the option list. Select the component you wish to associate with the loan.
The charge is applied when the loan moves to the status and is debited to the customer account.
4.3.7.6 Processing at Account Level
At the account level, when there is a change in the status, Oracle FLEXCUBE will first check if
accrual is required for the components. When the accrual frequency for a component is not
‘Daily’, Oracle FLEXCUBE will validate if the installment status or the account status changes
before accrual execution date. If it changes, Oracle FLEXCUBE will trigger catchup accrual for
the component till the installment status and the account status change date. Subsequent to this,
Oracle FLEXCUBE will process the installment status change and account status change.
Note the following:
• An installment status change will not change the next execution date of unprocessed
ACCR events
•
A status change is applicable for both manual and automatic account status
• If you delete an account level status change, it will delete the catch up accrual accounting
entries also
• If you reverse an account level status change, it will reverse the catch up accrual
accounting entries as well
4-67
4.3.8 Associating Notices and Statement
Just as you define components that should become a part of the product, so also you can
associate Notices and Statements with a product.
The actual communication/correspondence, however, is handled by the Messaging Module of
Oracle FLEXCUBE. Click ‘Notices & Statements’ button in the ‘Product Maintenance’ screen.
In this screen, you need to maintain the preferences for Billing Notices, Delinquency Notices,
Rate Revision Notice, Direct Debit Notice and Statements. Also, you can associate multiple
formats for the generation of notices and statements. The selection of a particular format is based
on the condition.
Rule No/Condition No
You can assign a unique number for each rule/condition that is being maintained for notice and
statement generation.
Condition
Define the conditions/rules for notice and statement generation. The system will evaluate the
conditions and based on the one that is satisfied, the corresponding advice format is selected for
notice/statement generation.
To maintain a condition, click ‘Condition’ button in the screen above. The ‘Condition Builder’ is
displayed.
For details on building a condition using the options available in the screen, refer the section titled
‘Defining UDE Rules’ in the ‘Maintenances and Operations’ chapter of this User Manual.
Number Days
The Number of days indicates the period before the due date, when the system starts sending the
Billing/Delinquency notices to customers.
4-68
This period is defined as a specific number of days and will begin before the date the repayment
becomes due.
Format
For the condition defined, select the format in which the advice should be generated. The system
will select the specific format of the message type when the condition maintained evaluates
favorably. Frequency Days
Specify the frequency (in days) for generation of Delinquency Notices. The first notice is sent on
the basis of the ‘Num Days’ maintained. For instance, if the ‘Num Days’ is four and the payment
due date is 4th April 2004, the first notice will be sent on 31st March ’04 (4 days before due date).
Subsequent generation of the same notice is based on the frequency days maintained. If the
‘Frequency Days’ is ‘2’, the second notice will be sent on 2nd April ’04 i.e. the notice is sent once
in two days only.
The following information is applicable to Statement generation:
Frequency
Indicate the frequency in which the Statements have to be generated. The available options:
•
Daily
•
Monthly
•
Quarterly
•
Half Yearly
•
Yearly
Number of Days
The frequency captured here is used to get the next date for statement generation subsequent to
the first statement. This will be used in combination with the ‘Frequency’ explained above.
Start Date
The date entered here is used as a reference to start generation of the statement
Example
The following example illustrates the manner in which the ‘Frequency’, ‘Frequency Days’ and ‘Start Date’ are
used together:
Assume that you have maintained the following preferences for Statement generation:
Frequency: Monthly
Frequency Days: 2
Start Date: 1st Jan 2005
You open a loan account on 15th Jan 2005. The first statement for this loan will be generated on 1st February
st
2005 (Based on the Start Date and at a Monthly frequency). The second statement will be generated on 1
April 2005 (once in two months – based on the frequency days).
Message Type
Specify the type of Statement that should be generated. Statements are of the following types:
•
Interest Statements
•
Loan Statements
4-69
Generic Notice
Notice
Select the notice type of the rate plan from the list of options.
Rule Number
Specify the unique number for the rule maintained for notice. It is a running number starting from
1.
Condition
Specify the condition for notice generation. The system will evaluate the conditions and based on
the one that is satisfied, the corresponding advice format is selected for notice.
Click ‘Condition’ button to maintain a condition in ‘Product’ screen. The ‘Condition Builder’ is
displayed.
Format
Select the format of the advice to be generated from the list of options.
Number of Days
Specify the number of days required to intimate the customer in advance about the UDE rate
change period.
Frequency
Select the frequency at which the notice has to be generated from the adjoining drop-down list.
This list displays the following values:
•
Daily
•
Monthly
•
Quarterly
•
Half Yearly
•
Yearly
Tenor
Specify the tenor at which the notice has to be generated.
Start Date
Specify the date on which the notice has to be generated.
Transaction Code
Specify the identifier code of the transaction.
Interest Rate Revision within the Rate Revision Period
The Rate Revision Notice section allows you to maintain the number of days for the generation of
the advice, prior to the scheduled date of rate revision. During End of Day if the notification date
is less than or equal to schedule date, a Rate Revision Advice is generated.
The four different conditions for the rate revision will be handled in Oracle FLEXCUBE as follows:
• Condition 1: Once the interest revision date is reached, the system continues to use the
same interest rate code, till the next revision date.
4-70
• Condition 2; If the request for change in interest rate is received a few days before the
scheduled revision date, the interest rate code of the loan account is changed by value dated
amendment, with the effective date as the scheduled interest revision date. On the effective
date, the system changes the rate code and picks up the new interest rate
• Condition 3; If the request is for a future dated prepayment of the loan account there is no
change in the interest rate, the principal is changed depending on the prepaid amount and
once the payment is available in the settlement account, you can liquidate the loan manually
with the requested effective date.
An outstanding component breakup of prepayment penalty charges if applicable is sent to the
customer.
• Condition4; If the request for interest rate revision is made much before the scheduled
revision date, you can change the interest rate code of the loan account by value dated
amendment with effective date as requested.
The rate revision will be applicable on the total principal outstanding amount.
4.3.9 Specifying Events
A contract goes through different stages in its life cycle. In Oracle FLEXCUBE, the different
stages a contract passes through in its life cycle are referred to as ’Events‘.
At an event, typically, you would want to post the accounting entries to the appropriate account
heads and generate the required advices. When setting up a product, you can define the
accounting entries that have to be posted and the advices that have to be generated at the
various events in the life cycle of loans involving the product.
Therefore, for the required events you have to specify the Accounting entries, Charges, Policies
and Advices. To do this, click ’Events’ button in the ‘Product Maintenance’ screen – the following
screen is displayed.
4-71
Specify the following:
Class Code
Select the class code from the adjoining option list. The list displays all the class codes
maintained in the system.
Click ‘Default’ button to default the events maintained for the selected class. You can select the
required events for the product you are defining. You can also define new events apart from the
defaulted events.
Event Code and Event Description
These are the events for which the accounting entries, advices, policies and charges will be
maintained, individually. The event codes applicable for the module are available in the option list
provided. Select the relevant events for the product from this list.
The description for the event chosen is also displayed
For a commitment product the following events are used:
•
LINK
•
DLNK
•
CLOC
The following events should not be maintained for a commitment product:
•
BADJ
•
CLOS
•
REOP
•
RNOG
•
ROLL
•
SROL
•
YACR
•
NOVA
•
REVV
•
REVL
•
PWOFF
An event PWOF (Partial Write Off) is used when a loan is partially written off by the Bank.
For more information on this topic refer section ‘Partial Write- Off of Loans’ in this manual.
For processing the changes in the EMI amount of a customer, the EMIC (EMI Change) event is
used. The charges and advices can be linked to the EMIC event at the product level. You can
liquidate the charges by using the _LIQD amount tags.
4-72
Refer the Products User Manual under Modularity for further details.
4.3.9.1 Defining Accounting Entries
To define accounting entries for an event, click ‘Accounting Entries’ in the ‘Events’ button – the
Accounting Entries’ screen is displayed.
With the Rule definition builder, you can maintain different set of accounting entries for different
conditions.
Rule Number
Every rule/condition you define for a product should be assigned a unique number. The rule
number can consist of a maximum of 5 digits
Condition
You can use the ‘Condition Builder’ to define a rule. Click on ‘Condition’ in the above screen to
invoke it
4-73
You can define a rule using the SDEs like Tenor, Customer Risk Category and other UDFs.
If you do no specify a rule/condition, the accounting entries become applicable to all conditions.
For details on building a condition using the options available in the screen, refer the section titled
‘Defining UDE Rules’ in the ‘Maintenances and Operations’ chapter of this User Manual.
Accounting Role
Select the accounting entries with the accounting role that should be used at the event. The
option list displays all the accounting roles specified for the product in the ‘Role To Head’ button
of the ‘Consumer Lending Product’ screen. Select the role appropriate for the event.
Amount Tag
Specify the accounting entries with the amount tag applicable for the Accounting Role. An amount
tag identifies the amount/value that is actually due for a component. Depending on the
components defined for the product, the system dynamically creates a set of amount tags. For
instance, if the component is ‘MAIN_INT’, the following amount tags are automatically created:
•
MAIN_INT _RESD - Component Amount Residual
•
MAIN_INT_ADJ
- Component Amount Adjustment
•
MAIN_INT_LIQD
- Component Amount Liquidated
•
MAIN_INT_ROLL
- Component Amount Rolled over
•
MAIN_INT_CAP
- Component Amount Capitalized
•
MAIN_INT_ACCR - Component Amount Accrued
•
MAIN_INT_DLIQ
schedules
-
Component Amount Paid against Due Schedules/future not-due
•
MAIN_INT_OLIQ
-
Component Amount Paid against Overdue Schedules
The ‘_DLIQ’ and ‘_OLIQ’ tags will be generated only for the events LIQD and ROLL.
Select the appropriate amount tag from this list
Debit or Credit
Here, you have to specify the type of accounting entry to be posted – the entry can be a debit
entry or a credit entry advices.
Transaction Code
Every accounting entry in Oracle FLEXCUBE is associated with a Transaction Code that
describes the nature of the entry. Specify the transaction code that should be used to post the
accounting entry to the account head. You can group all similar transactions under a common
transaction code. The transaction codes maintained in the ‘Transaction Code Maintenance’
screen are available in the option list provided.
Netting
Specify whether accounting entries should be netted at an event. You can net the accounting
entries that are generated at an event by selecting ‘Yes’ from the drop down list. The system will
then net the entries and show the resultant value in account statements. If you do not net, the
entries will be shown separately in the statements.
4-74
MIS Head
An MIS Head indicates the manner in which the type of entry should be considered for profitability
reporting purposes. This classification indicates the method in which the accounting entry will be
reported in the profitability report. It could be one of the following:
•
Balance
•
Contingent Balance
•
Income
•
Expense
You can also link a product to an MIS Group if you do not want to define individual entities for the
product.
Refer the section titled ‘Associating an MIS Group with the product’ in this chapter for more
details.
Revaluation Required
Online Revaluation refers to revaluation done on transaction amounts during transaction posting,
and not as part of an end-of-day process. The Revaluation profit /loss are booked to the Online
‘Profit GL’ or Online ‘Loss GL’ that you maintain for the GL being revalued.
You can opt for online revaluation by selecting the ‘Reval Reqd’ option.
Profit GL and Loss GL
If you have opted for online revaluation and the result of revaluation is a profit, the profit amount
is credited to the Profit GL you select here. Similarly, if the result of revaluation is a loss, the loss
amount is credited to the Loss GL you specify here.
Reval Txn Code
If you opt for online revaluation, you need to associate the transaction code to be used for
booking revaluation entries. The system will use this transaction code to track the revaluation
entries.
Holiday Treatment
Specify whether holiday treatment is applicable for processing accounting entries falling due on
holidays. Select one of the following:
•
Yes
•
No
GAAP
Indicate the GAAP indicators for which the accounting entry is required for reporting under multi
GAAP accounting. The adjoining option list shows all the GAAP indicators maintained in the
system. Choose the appropriate one.
The system will then post entries into the specified books (GAAP indicators) during the different
events that occur in the lifecycle of the loan. You can retrieve the balance for a certain component
in an account in a specific status, for a given GAAP indicator, in a certain branch, reporting to a
certain GL. The system will show the real and contingent balances accordingly.
4-75
Split Balance
Specify whether you need the balances to be split or not. If you check this option, the system will
store the balance break-up for the specified GAAP indicators. You can then retrieve the balances
separately for the different GAAP indicators to which accounting entries are posted for the loan.
If you need to move the balances from multiple/Single GLs, where the balances are currently
lying, check this box. In such case the credit leg will be governed by the GLs from where
component balances need to move, and not the GL maintained at the product level for the event.
For partial write off (PWOF event) you need to check this box to split balance for all the credit
legs of PWOF event.
For example:
For ALIQ event, the maintenance is as follows:
Dr/Cr
Role
Settlement
Reqd
Amount Tag
Spilt
Balance
Dr.
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
Y
MAIN_INT_LIQD
N
Cr.
INTEREST RECEIVABLE (say
GL-000
N
MAIN_INT_LIQD
Y
However, the balance for interest is lying like this: 500 (GL-001) and 200 (GL-002) Lets say we are
liquidating 700 against MAIN_INT component.
In this scenario, finally system will pass the following entries:
•
Dr Customer A/c
700
•
Cr GL-001
500
•
Cr GL-002
200
In case Split balance is set to NO for Cr leg the entry would have been:
•
Dr Customer A/c
700
•
Cr GL-000
700
When you are building new balances into GLs, you need to uncheck this option for the credit leg also. In
such cases accounting will go by the maintenance of the GLs/account done for the event.
For Example:
If you want to move ACCRUED_AMOUNT from one GL into another GL, and also build one parallel entry for
the same in OFF BALANCE sheet, then in such case for the movement pair, you will maintain split balance
as Y for the credit leg. For the new balance into OFF BALANCE sheet, you will maintain the split balance as
N for both the legs.
When you need to reverse the contingents, for both the credit and debit leg, the GLs will be governed by the
GLs where the balances are currently lying then you need to set it to CONTRA.
This means that if the accounting entry setup is like this:
Dr/Cr
Role
Settlement Reqd
Amount Tag
Spilt Balance
Dr.
CONT-001
N
MAIN_INT_OVD1_REAL
N
Cr.
CONT-002
N
MAIN_INT_OVD1_REAL
Y
4-76
And if balances (say 50 for the component) for MAIN_INT_OVD1_REAL are lying in CONT-003 AND CONT004 GLs. (This kind of setup means while doing status movement, you are building one parallel set of entry
into contingents)
With this setup, system will pass the entry like this
•
Dr CONT-003
50
•
Cr CONT-004
50
If for both the legs, split is set to NO, then system will pass the following entries instead:
•
Dr CONT-001
50
•
Cr CONT-002
50
Balance Check in Batch
Indicate whether the balance check is required for the batch operations/online processing.
The options available are:
•
Reject – The transaction is rejected if there is insufficient fund to process the transaction.
•
Delinquency Tracking – The transaction is processed. If you have specified delinquency
tracking for the accounting entries, the tracking is done according to the parameters you
have defined for the Delinquency Product.
•
Force Debit – The transaction is processed. However, no delinquency tracking is done
even if the account goes into overdraft.
•
Partial Liquidation – The transaction is processed. If you have specified partial
delinquency, the system liquidates upto the available amount and the delinquency
tracking is done on the remaining amount only.
Delinquency Product
In case you have specified delinquency tracking for balance check type, you need to specify the
delinquency product under which the entry is tracked. The option list displays all the delinquency
product codes maintained in the Oracle FLEXCUBE. Select the appropriate from the option list.
Settlement
This field used to settle the amount. If it set as yes, while doing settlement system uses the
Account used during amount settlement. If it is no it will use default account, which is mapped in
role to head.
If you have selected the ‘Accounting Role’ as DR_SETTL_BRIDGE or CR_SETTL_BRIDGE in
and if ‘Settlement’ box is checked then system looks at the default settlement accounts
maintained in the Debit settlement Mode and Credit settlement mode. If ‘Settlement’ box is not
checked then the system tries to arrive at the GL through Role to Head Mapping.
4.3.9.2 Defining Accounting Entries for a Securitized Loan
Oracle FLEXCUBE provides a facility to transfer the payments related to
Principal/Interest/Charges to SPV’s settlement account for a securitized loan. Accordingly, you
need to define the conditional based accounting entries. Thereby system automatically posts the
entries to the respective account after validating the rule (LOAN_STATUS =’SECR’) defined.
4-77
Here the system allows you to define the condition for the accounting entries in ‘Accounting
Rules’ section. For each condition, you need to define accounting entries in the ‘Accounting Entry’
section. The system executes the first successful condition and executes the corresponding
accounting entries. It does not execute the other conditions if any one of the condition is satisfied
in the defined order (conditions should be mutually executive cases).
4.3.9.3 Specifying Advices for an Event
You can select the advices that should be triggered for various events. These advices can be
simple Debit /Credit advices when any payment or disbursement is made, Rate Revision advices,
Loan advices etc.
To specify the advices for an event, click ‘Advices’ in the ‘Events’ button of the ‘Product
Maintenance’ screen – the following screen is displayed.
4-78
The following advice details have to be maintained in the screen:
Message Type
Select an advice from the option list provided. The advices applicable for the module are
available in this list. When you select an advice, the description is displayed in the adjacent field.
Generation Time
The ‘Trigger’ indicates the appropriate time at which the advice is to be generated. You can
indicate whether the advices specified for the product should be generated when the event takes
place (Input) or at authorization.
Suppress
This option may be used if you want to suppress the generation of some advices
Priority
You can indicate the importance of the advice generation. The priority may be:
•
High
•
Medium
•
Low
Charges
You may check this option to collect charges for advice generation.
You can specify a definite format for advice generation. The formats maintained through the
‘Format File Maintenance’ are available in the option list. Select the appropriate format from this
list.
For a detailed list of Events, Advices, Accounting Roles and Amount Tags, refer ‘Annexure 1’ of
this User Manual.
4-79
4.3.9.4 Defining User Defined Policies
Policies are user defined validations that will be fired when any event is triggered. These can
even be policies which govern the firing of an event under certain conditions.
For example, if an operation called payment is being done and the customer is paying an amount
greater than his current overdue and one additional installment, you can associate a policy to
disallow the payment. Therefore, you have to associate policies to an event.
Click on ‘Policies’ in the ‘Events’ button of the screen to define the policies that should be
executed for an event.
You can select the appropriate policy from the option list provided. The policies defined in the
‘User Policy’ screen are available in this list. You should also specify the instance when the policy
should be triggered for the event. The options are:
•
Before Event
•
After Event
•
Both
4.3.9.5 Associating Charges
You can associate charges to an event. Linking a charge to an event implies calculating the value
of the charge.
To associate charges, click ‘Charges’ in the ‘Event’ button of the screen
4-80
The charge type of components defined for the product (in the ‘Components’ button of the
screen) are displayed in the option list. Select the component you wish to associate with the
event.
4.3.10 Associating MIS Group
You can associate MIS details with a product in the ‘MIS’ screen. Click ‘MIS’ button in the
‘Consumer Lending Product’ screen to invoke it.
In this screen, you can associate an ‘MIS Group’ to which the product should be linked (if it is
applicable; if not, you can define the individual entities under which the product should be
reviewed).
4-81
To associate a group, check the ‘Link Group’ option. If a group is linked, the entities defined for
the group will be displayed. Only the Transaction MIS Code will be applicable to a product. The
specific MIS entity (in the form of an MIS Code) will be picked up by default only if you have
defined them for the group. If not, you have to indicate the appropriate MIS code for each
applicable MIS class.
4.3.11 Defining User Defined Fields
You can associate user defined fields to a product by using the ‘User Defined Fields’ screen.
Here you can capture the following details:
Product Code and Description
The system displays the product code and its description from the main screen.
Field Number
The system displays the field number.
Field Name
Specify the name of the UDF. The adjoining option list displays all UDFs maintained in the
system. You can select the appropriate one.
4.3.12 Specifying Credit Score Details
You need to maintain the rules for calculating the credit score of a customer. You can do this in
the ‘Credit Score’ screen which can be invoked by clicking ‘Credit Score’ button in the ‘Product
Maintenance’ screen.
4-82
You can maintain the following details in this screen:
Rule Name
Specify a suitable name for the credit scoring rule.
Default Rule
Check this box if you want to select this rule as the default rule, which gets defaulted to the
account.
You can maintain only one rule as the default rule.
Line
Specify a sequence number, to keep track of the number of expressions maintained for that rule
name.
Result
Specify the expected result of the condition to be satisfied.
Condition
You need to specify the condition to be satisfied for the rule by clicking the ‘Condition’ button. You
can specify the condition in the ‘Condition Builder’ screen, which gets invoked.
4-83
To specify the condition, you need to select the field name, operator and the value and click
‘Accept’.
4.3.13 Maintaining Minimum Due Calculation Method
4.3.14 Maintaining Branch/Currency Restrictions
The loan products created in the Head Office Bank (HOB) are available across all the branches
subject to the branch restrictions maintained for the product. Likewise, you also restrict the
products to select currencies. To achieve this, you can maintain a list of allowed/disallowed
branches and currencies. Click on the ‘Branch/Currency Restriction’ button in the product screen.
4-84
4.3.14.1 Branch/Currency Restriction Tab
The following details are captured here:
Under Branch and Currency Restrictions respectively, two columns are displayed.
•
Allowed List
•
Disallowed List
The allowed or disallowed column that is displayed would depend on the list type that you choose
to maintain. For instance, if you choose to maintain an allowed list of branches, the column would
display the branches that you can opt to allow.
In the Branch Restriction and Currency Restriction Section, click on the adjoining option list to
invoke a list of bank codes and currencies codes respectively that you have maintained in your
bank. Select an appropriate code.
Using the Add or Delete icons, you can add/delete a branch or currency from the corresponding
allowed/disallowed column that you have maintained.
When you create a product, it is, by default, available to all the branches of your bank, in all
currencies, and for all customers unless restrictions are explicitly specified for the product.
Minimum Amount
Specify the minimum amount for all the allowed currency maintained at the product level.
Maximum Amount
Specify the maximum amount for all the allowed currency maintained at the product level.
System checks the following:
•
At the product level, if the minimum amount is less than the maximum amount
4-85
•
At the Loan Contract screen, if the amount financed falls in the range of minimum and
maximum amount derived from product for the currency same as the loan currency
4.3.14.2 Currency Balances Tab
You can maintain the following currency balance details:
Currency
You can specify the transaction limit for a currency while defining currency restrictions for a
product. Choose the currency code from the option list.
Residual amount
Here, you have to capture the minimum amount by which, if a component of a schedule becomes
overdue, the system will consider it as paid.
Neg Residue Amount
If the difference between the amount paid (COMPONENT_EXPECTED) and the amount due is
less than the residue amount specified here, then the difference is treated as an income
otherwise the transaction is rejected.
In the case of an income, the installment schedule is marked as completely settled/paid and the
income is posted to the residual suspense GL. This triggers the event called ‘RESD’ (Residual)
and the following entries are passed:
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr/Cr
Loan Account
RESIDUAL_AMOUNT
Cr
Residual Suspense
RESIDUAL_AMOUNT
Dr
4-86
ATM Cash limit
Here, you can enter the maximum non- Cash transaction amount for the currency that you have
defined. The ATM transaction amount cannot exceed the value given here.
Rounding Factor (EMI)
Specify the rounding factor if the EMI is to be rounded.
It is mandatory for you to specify the rounding factor if you have maintained the rounding
parameter.
Emi Round Up Down
Indicate whether the EMI should be rounded up or down.
•
Choose ‘UP’ in case you want to round the number to the next decimal value.
•
Choose ‘DOWN’ if you want to truncate the number to the previous decimal value
The principal component of the EMI is adjusted based on the rounded EMI amount.
Numerator Method
Specify the day count method for the numerator for each currency applicable to the product. The
following options are available in the drop-down list:
•
Actual
•
30 Euro
•
30 US
Choose the appropriate one. This value will be used for calculation of the Net Present Value
(NPV).
Denominator Method
Specify the day count method for the denominator for each currency applicable to the product.
The following options are available in the drop-down list:
•
360
•
365
Choose the appropriate one. This value will be used for calculation of the Net Present Value
(NPV).
4.3.15 Restricting Customer Categories
Just as you can maintain a list of allowed/disallowed branches and currencies for a product, you
can maintain a list of allowed/disallowed customer categories.
You can maintain several restrictions for each customer category.
4-87
You can restrict customers from availing a product by maintaining an ‘allowed’ list or a
‘disallowed’ list of customer categories.
Only customer categories that are a part of an allowed list maintained for a product can avail the
product. Likewise, customer categories that are part of a disallowed list cannot avail the product
or service.
The allowed or disallowed column that you view depends on the list type that you choose to
maintain. For instance, if you choose to maintain an allowed list, the column would display those
customer categories that you choose to allow.
You can move a category to the allowed/disallowed column, using the Add or Delete icons.
4.3.15.1 Allowing Access to Special Customers
Depending on the customer restriction you specify – allowed or disallowed, you can further
maintain a list of customers who are allowed (for a ‘Disallowed’ list) or specific customers who are
not allowed to use the product (in the case of an ‘Allowed’ list). For example, you may disallow
the customer category ‘CORPORATES’ from availing a certain loan product. However, you may
want to allow ‘Cavillieri and Barrett’ (belonging to the category ‘CORPORATES’) to avail the
product.
Select the name of the customer from the option list provided. The ‘Customer Name’ is displayed
after you select the customer id.
If the selected customer belongs to a category which is ‘Disallowed’ for the product but you want
to allow the customer, check the ‘Allowed’ option. Similarly, if the customer belongs to a category
that is ‘Allowed’ but you want to disallow the customer, do not check the ‘Allowed’ option.
4-88
4.4 Processing of IRR Application on Loans
The internal rate of return (IRR) is the interest rate received for an investment consisting of
payments (negative values) and income (positive values) that occur at regular periods. It is
computed for a series of cash flows represented by the numbers in values. These cash flows may
not be even, as they would be for an annuity. IRR is computed only when the cash flows occur at
regular intervals, such as monthly or annually.
IRR is closely related to NPV - Net Present Value. The rate of return calculated by IRR is the
interest rate corresponding to a 0 (zero) NPV. NPV measures the additional market value that the
management expects the project to create (or destroy) if it is undertaken. It is computed using a
discount rate and a series of future payments (negative values) and income (positive values).
IRR for loan accounts (where applicable) is calculated when the YACR event is triggered and the
corresponding batch is run. You need to set up certain specific accounting entries for this event.
Refer the chapter titled ‘Annexure A: Accounting Entries and Advices’ in this User Manual for the
details of the accounting entries.
The system identifies the acquisition type of the product during account creation. For the account,
it derives the acquisition type based on the following parameters:
For asset accounts (loans), if:
•
Inflow>Outflow, then Acquisition type will be ‘Discount’
•
Inflow=Outflow, then Acquisition type will be ‘Par’
•
Inflow<Outflow Acquisition type will be ‘Premium’
It calculates the constant yield or IRR during the initial disbursement of account using the
following formula:
N

CF
i

=0
di − d1
∑
(
) 
 i =1
D
 (1 + IRR)

Where:
• N - Number of cashflows including the net cash flow on the contract value date (Initial
disbursement record)
•
CFi - i th Cashflow
•
IRR - Internal Rate of Return for the contract
•
di - Date of i th Cashflow
•
d1 - Date of 1st Cashflow (the first disbursement date)
•
di-d1 - Number of Days based on the Numerator Daycount Method
•
D - Denominator Daycount Method
4-89
The IRR is computed in an iterative method by taking the contract interest rate as the initial
guess. In case of loan amendment and prepayment, the cash flows are re-computed and used for
IRR calculation post amendment/prepayment. The formula used for recomputation is the same as
that used for the initial computation.
For subsidy loan, the IRR is computed based on the overall percentage of both the interest and
subsidy component, if and only if the ‘IRR is Applicable’ field is checked in the both components.
Else the component in which the “IRR is Applicable’ field is checked, will be considered for IRR
computation.
4.4.1 Recalculation of IRR with new effective date
In case of Bearing and Amortized accounts, IRR recalculation will be done using a new effective
date, during the following events:
•
Manual disbursement
•
Value Dated Amendment with schedule redefinition
•
Prepayment
•
Floating Rate Revision
•
Value Dated Increase of Principal
•
Value Dated Maturity Date Change
•
Value Dated Rate Revision
•
Rollover
•
Version reversal
•
Up-front fee Amendment
For such accounts, s new charge is levied on the following events:
•
Value Dated Amendment Initiation (VAMI)
•
Rollover (ROLL)
•
Partial prepayment(MLIQ)
•
Account status change (STCH)
•
Installment status change (STSH)
In case of Discounted accounts, IRR will be re-calculated using a new effective date, during the
following events:
•
Rollover
•
Up-front fee Amendment
For such accounts, a new charge is levied on the following events:
•
Value Dated Amendment Initiation (VAMI)
•
Rollover (ROLL)
•
Partial prepayment(MLIQ)
During the event ‘Value Dated Amendment with Schedule Re-definition’, IRR is recalculated with
the currently active IRR effective date.
IRR re-calculation has to be done during reversal of partial and full prepayment, if the prepayment
triggered recalculation of IRR.
4-90
In case of partial prepayment, if the payment value date is less than or equal to an existing IRR
effective date, then IRR will be recalculated as of the earliest IRR effective date and all future
dated IRR will be deleted.
IRR re-calculation does not happen in following cases:
•
Regular Payment
•
Overdue Payment
•
Reversal of Regular Payment
•
Reversal of Overdue Payment
Note the following:
•
Catch-up of discount accrual during various events like amendment leads to recalculation
(i.e. principal change/maturity date change/rate change/schedule redefinition), rate
revision, liquidation, rollover, reversal of prepayment, etc. This is similar to the catch-up
of interest liquidation in this module.
•
During full repayment, outstanding accruals are passed unconditionally with the YACR
event.
•
During full prepayment, if there is a charge associated for the LIQD liquidation event, the
charge amount will be populated with %LIQD amount tags.
•
During foreclosure of the account the same processing as that of discount is followed for
premium. This means that either complete pending accrual or refund happens based on
the preference specified at the product level in the ‘IRR Accrual Preference’ screen. This
implies that either the unaccrued discount for the entire tenor of the account will get
accrued (in case of ‘Complete Accrual’ preference) or the refund happens to the
customer for the unaccrued amount (in case of ‘Refund’ preference).
•
In case of ‘Par’ acquisition type, there is no refund. Only the pending accruals are
completed.
4.4.1.1 Processing during Account Status Change
During status change the system:
•
Makes all discount accrual accounting roles available for transfer
•
Identifies the balances to be transferred as ‘Premium TBA – Premium Accrued’ and
‘Discount TBA – Discount Accrued’
•
Stops the discount accrual and ensures that the YACR event doesn’t pass any entries
when the option ‘Stop Accrual’ is checked for a contract
•
Reverses the balances for ‘Premium Accrued’ and ‘Discount Accrued’ when the ‘Reverse
Accruals’ option is checked for a contract
•
Cash flow for charge components being liquidated while booking of the loan (BOOK) or
initiation of the loan (INIT) are populated with due date equal to first disbursement date
•
For charge components wherein the charge currency is different from the contract
currency, the charges are calculated in the specified charge currency at the product
component level. These charges are liquidated during the BOOK or INIT events. The
charge amount in the account currency is then arrived at based on the exchange rate as
of account booking date.
•
In case the charge currency not the same as the account currency, but the account
currency is the same as the settlement account currency, the exchange rate input in the
‘Settlements’ screen will be used to convert the amount to account currency.
4-91
•
IRR calculation is done during booking of the account (the BOOK event) instead of value
date of the account (the INIT event) for future dated accounts.
4.5 Defining Customized Products
The CL module gives you the flexibility to create customized products for promotional and special
offers whereby you can offer special incentives/ concessions to certain or all categories of
customers. Such products are referred to as ‘Promotions’. A promotion can have a different set of
preferences, schedules etc. You can associate a loan with one or more promotions.
You can create customized promotion products in the ‘Promotions’ screen available in the
Application Browser. You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDPROMT’ in the field at the top
right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
The screen has two tabs: Preferences and Components. By default, the ‘Preferences’ tab is
displayed when you invoke the screen.
Basic details
First, capture the following basic information about the promotion:
Promotion Code and Description
You have to specify a unique 4-character alphanumeric code to identify the promotion in the
system.
Provide a brief description of the promotion. This description will be associated with the promotion
product for information retrieval purposes.
4-92
Promotion Start Date and End Date
Specify the life span of the promotion. The promotion is valid for the period maintained here. By
default, the current date is the ‘Start Date’ of the promotion. You can change it to a date in the
past or future.
If you do not specify an end date for the promotion, it can be used for an indefinite period and the
product becomes open-ended in nature.
4.5.1 Preferences Tab
As part of promotion preferences, you have to:
•
Specify tenor details
•
Associate holiday periods
•
Select the relevant UDEs and specify their values
Tenor Preferences
You can set the minimum and maximum tenor limits for the promotion. You can also specify a
standard or a default tenor.
Minimum Tenor
Specify the minimum tenor applicable for the promotion. If you associate the loan to the
promotion being maintained, the tenor of the loan account should be greater than or equal to the
minimum tenor specified here.
Maximum Tenor
Likewise, you can also specify the maximum tenor for the promotion. The tenor of the loan
accounts associated with the promotion should be less than or equal to the Maximum tenor that
you specify here.
Default Tenor
The ‘default tenor’ is the tenor that is applied to the loan account upon association with the
promotion. The value captured here should be greater than the minimum tenor and less than the
maximum tenor. You can change the default tenor applied on a loan account during loan
processing. However, the new tenor should be within the minimum and maximum tenors
maintained for the promotion.
Units
The tenor details that you specify for a promotion can be expressed in one of the following units:
•
Days
•
Months
•
Years
It is mandatory to define the tenor details before specifying the holiday periods for the promotion.
4-93
Holiday Periods
You can maintain holiday periods for the promotion. Holiday periods or repayment holidays refer
to the time when customers can avail repayment holidays owing to other expenses during the
period. Holiday periods are defined in the ‘Holiday Period’ screen and the same are available for
association with the promotion being maintained.
For more details, refer the section titled ‘Maintaining Holiday Periods’ in the ‘Maintenance and
Operations’ chapter of this User Manual.
Select the appropriate holiday periods from the option list provided.
Promotion Rate Factor
You have to specify the special interest rates that are applicable for the promotion:
UDE Id
Select the UDEs (User Data Elements) for the promotion being maintained.
UDE Value
Specify the value of the UDEs selected. The value specified here is used in the formula defined
for interest calculation. The UDEs maintained for the Promotion takes precedence over the
product level UDEs. At the account level, the UDEs get defaulted from the promotion in the order
of priority, the highest priority promotion being applied last.
For more details on loan accounts, refer the ‘Account Creation’ chapter of this User Manual.
Holiday Currency
You can maintain individual holiday currencies for the payment, revision and interest schedules of
a retail lending product. You can also maintain multiple holiday currencies for the same schedule
type. The currencies you maintain here are defaulted at the contract level.
Currency
Specify a valid currency applicable for the promotion. The adjoining option list displays all valid
currencies maintained in the system. You can select the appropriate one.
In case of schedule generation or regeneration, the system will verify the holidays based on the
calendar of this currency for the corresponding holiday treatment type.
Holiday Treatment Type
Select the holiday treatment type from the adjoining drop-down list. This list displays the following
values:
• Payment Schedules
• Revision Schedules
• Interest Schedules
In order to select either ‘Revision Schedules’ or ‘Interest Schedules’, ensure that ‘Ind. Hol.
Treat for Int’ checkbox is selected under ‘Holiday Treatment for All Schedules’.
4-94
4.5.2 Components Tab
To specify the component details, go to the ‘Component’ tab of the screen.
The following components are automatically defined for the promotion:
• MAIN_INT: This component is designated as the ‘Main Component’ and the
‘Component Type’ is ‘Interest’.
• PRINCIPAL
You cannot modify the components or define additional components for a promotion.
Schedules
Maintain the schedule details for the two components in this section of the screen. These include
the following:
• Sequence Number
• Schedule Type
• Start Reference
• Unit and Frequency
• Start Day
• Start Month
• Start Date
• Flag (Normal or Moratorium)
• Number of schedules
• Whether capitalization of the component is applicable or not
4-95
For more details on the schedule preferences, refer the section titled ‘Specifying policy
preferences’ in this chapter.
After the promotion is saved and authorized, it becomes available for association with loan
accounts.
You can associate one or more promotions to a loan account in the ‘Account Details’ screen. The
tenor details, holiday periods, UDEs and component details maintained for the promotion get
defaulted to the account in the order of the priority level specified for the promotions. The
promotion that has the highest priority level will be applied last.
For more details on associating promotions to a loan account, refer the ‘Account Creation’
chapter of this User Manual
4-96
5. Account Creation
5.1
Introduction
Loan Accounts in the Retail Lending module represent the receivable accounts that you create
while disbursing a loan. These accounts derive their feature from the Loan Product. Loan
Accounts are mapped to the Asset GL through the accounting Role LOAN_ACCOUNT. This role
has to be mapped to the respective Asset GL of the Bank. You can override some product
features at the account level.
The system allows you to do the following actions on the Loan accounts:
• Account Main Details Maintenance/Light Loans
• Liability details and UDE Values Maintenance
• Account Preferences/Defaults
• Account Component schedules
• Charges Maintenance and Settlement details
• Linkages Information
• Events, Events Due and Events Overdue
5.2
Creating a Loan Account
The account screen accepts the Customer, Currency and Amount Financed and creates a Light
Loan. This is a default Loan that takes all other details from the defaults the product provides. For
creating simple accounts in the CL module, you can follow this simple process. These Loans are
called Light Loans in the CL module. You can create a loan account using the ‘Account Details’
screen. You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDACCNT’ in the field at the top right corner of
the Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Click new icon in the Application toolbar. The system will display ‘Transaction Branch Code’
screen. Here you can select the transaction branch.
The system defaults the logged-in branch by default as the transaction branch.
Transaction Branch
Select the appropriate branch from the list of branches available in the option list.
5-1
While clicking ‘Ok’ button, the system validates the access rights of the selected branch and
function for the user. If you don’t have appropriate rights on the selected branch and function, the
system will display an error message. If you select a valid branch, the system updates the same
as transaction branch and the transaction will be posted for this branch.
You can specify the following generic details in the Account Details screen:
Product Code
Click the option list to select a Product Code from the list of values. Double click on a Product
Code to select a particular code. The product codes are maintained in the Product Definition
screen.
Customer ID
To select a customer ID, click the option list. A screen called ‘Find Customer Details’ is displayed.
You can enter search criteria in this screen. For example, you can enter the customer name or
number and click on the ‘Search’ button. The system then fetches you all the details
corresponding to the Customer name or account. Once you find all the details, double-click on
the record to return to the account details screen.
Amount Financed
Specify the total loan amount of the loan in this field.
If Calculate Gross Principle is checked, then the amount financed is the gross principal.
5-2
On saving the account, the system validates the value of the amount financed against the
following:
• Product transaction limit
• User Input limit
If the transaction currency and the limit currency are different, then the system converts the
amount financed to limit currency and checks if the same is in excess of the product transaction
limit and user input limit. If this holds true, the system indicates the same with below
override/error messages:
• Number of levels required for authorizing the transaction
• Transaction amount is in excess of the input limit of the user
Currency
To select a currency, click the adjoining option list. A list of currencies is displayed. Double click
to select a currency.
Click ‘Product Default’ button after entering product code, customer ID, currency and amount
financed. The system defaults other details maintained for the selected product. The system also
defaults the schedule definitions from the product and computes the detailed schedules. After
clicking the ‘Product Default’ button, you cannot change the product code. Also, the system
prompts you to click the ‘Product Default’ button once again if you change ‘Customer ID’,
‘Currency’ or ‘Amount Financed’ fields.
Branch
The system displays the Branch Code of the branch into which the user has logged in, for which
the UDE values are maintained.
Account Number
Based on the parameters that setup at the branch level, the account number would be either auto
generated or would have to be captured in this field.
Product Category
The system displays the product category in this field
Application Number
The system displays the Application Number in this field
This is applicable only if the origination of the loan is in Oracle FLEXCUBE or is interfaced
Alternate Account Number
Specify the alternate account number in this field. It can be an account number in the existing
system from which the account has migrated to Oracle FLEXCUBE.
User Defined Status
After you enter the account number, the system displays the status of the account in this field.
This is based on the products status maintenance rules.
5-3
If you have opted for status processing at the ‘Group/CIF’ level as part of your branch
preferences, the system defaults the value of CIF status as available in the ‘Customer
Maintenance’ screen. This status is the worst status among all the loans, savings accounts and
current accounts for the customer within the current branch.
Derived Status
The system defaults the status of the individual loan account here. This is derived from the status
maintenance rules of the product, during end of day operations.
User Reference Number
A 16-digit User Reference Number is autogenerated and displayed here if the ‘Auto Generate
User Ref No’ option is checked in the Branch Parameters. The format of the user reference
number is BranchCode + ProductCode + Sequence number. You are allowed to modify the autogenerated User Ref No.
If the ‘Auto Generate User Ref No’ in Branch Parameters is not checked then the User Ref No
will be blank by default and you have to specify it manually. Validations are done by the system
not to save the account if an unsuppressed payment message is present which has the User Ref
No as blank.
5-4
5.2.1 Main Tab
You can capture the main details of the loan account in this tab.
The following details regarding the loan account are captured here:
Book Date
In this field, the current date when the loan details were entered is defaulted and cannot be
modified
Net Principal
The Net Principal is the actual principal amount financed. It is system calculated and excludes
any other funded components.
Customer Name
On selecting the customer ID, the system displays the customer name.
Value Date
Select the Value date of the loan in this field using the date button.
5-5
Subsidy Customer ID
Specify the unique identifier of the agency or the third party included in the subsidy loan contract.
Maturity Date
Select the maturity date in this field using the date button.
If you are not sure of the maturity date, enter the tenor of the loan in either days or months or
years as say 3M for 3 Months etc. The system automatically calculates the date after you press
the ‘Enter’ button.
For more details on how to calculate Maturity Date refer section ‘Calculating Maturity Date’
discussed later in this chapter.
Interest Rate
The system displays the final interest rate used for interest calculation of the main interest
component of floating rate type of loans.
The interest rate will be displayed only if you have checked the ‘Interest Statement’ option at the
product level.
The interest rate will not be displayed for the loans for which:
¾
¾
The main interest formula has multiple expressions in the condition result. For
example, loan products with tiered interest rates
Amortized advance and rental advance types of main interest formulae are used
First Pay By Date
Specify the customer’s preferred first pay by date. The system will calculate the schedule due
date as follows:
Schedule Due Date = (First Pay by Date) - (The credit days maintained at product level)
In case the calculated first schedule due date is less than or equal to the value date of the
contract, then the user has to modify the first pay by date. For instance, if you prefer to have your
payment date on 14th of every month, then the first pay by date should be 14th day of the month.
Presuming credit days is maintained as ‘10’ at the product level, the first schedule due date will
be 4th of that month, i.e., 14th Apr 09 – 10 (first pay by date - credit days)
First Pay By Date
Credit days
Schedule due date
14 Apr 09
10
4 Apr 09
Maturity Type
Select the Fixed or Call option to specify the type of loan maturity.
The system by default selects the option Fixed. For the Call option, the maturity date will not
be computed upfront.
If you choose the ‘Call’ option, IRR processing will not be applicable to the account
5-6
Index Exchange Rate
Specify the exchange rate for index currency here
Calculate Gross Principle
Check this box if you want the system to calculate the gross principal for the loan. If you have
checked this box and have entered the amount financed then system takes the amount financed
as the gross principal.
EMI Details
Frequency Unit
Select the unit of frequency at which the EMI of the customer will change, from the adjoining
drop-down list. This list displays the following values:
• Monthly
• Quarterly
• Half-yearly
• Annually
The system derives the first change date by adding the Frequency unit to the value date.
EMI Frequency
Specify the frequency in which the EMI of the customer will change.
Minimum EMI
Specify the minimum EMI amount for the customer. If the result of the derived EMI is below the
'Minimum EMI' specified here, the system sets the EMI for the customer to the Minimum EMI
amount.
Maximum EMI
Specify the maximum EMI amount for the customer. If the result of the derived EMI is above the
'Maximum EMI' specified here, the system sets the EMI for the customer to the Maximum EMI
amount.
The Minimum EMI and Maximum EMI are optional inputs.
Base End Date
Specify the date beyond which the EMI Change (EMIC) will not be processed. Alternatively, you
can also select the date from the calendar button.
Revolving Details
Available Balance
The total amount that can be disbursed to customer for a revolving loan is displayed here. This
amount is arrived by deducting outstanding principal balance from amount financed. This balance
will be automatically updated whenever there is a disbursement, VAMI (change in amount
financed) or principal repayment to the extent of the amount paid against principal component.
5-7
The amount financed is not incremented if the principal amount is being repaid.
Zero balance will be displayed for a non-revolving loan.
Effective Date
You can specify the following detail here:
Effective Date
The effective date is used to pick the UDE value. The system displays this date from the General
UDE maintenance screen.
For a product + currency combination, if the UDE values are not maintained for the effective date,
then the system defaults “0” which the user can then edit.
User Defined Element Values
The UDE values for each Account are maintained here. After clicking the ‘Product Default’ button,
the UDE values default from the UDE values maintenance for the Product, Currency, effective
dates combination. The system disables this section. These can be overridden by providing
account level UDE values. For this, you need to click the ‘Edit UDE Details’ button. After
changing the details, the system re-computes the schedules. On saving the contract, the system
prompts the changed details.
However the UDE are only those defined at the product level. No New UDEs can be introduced at
the account level.
The system checks whether the UDE values fall within the minimum and maximum limits
specified for the UDEs linked to the product. If a UDE value falls outside the permissible limits,
the system will throw an error message,
If there are no product level UDE values maintained, the system will default the UDE value to
Zero. However, at the time of saving, if UDE values are zero or any invalid value, then an
override will be raised with an appropriate error message. If required this can be configured as an
error message. In case of an ERROR, you will have to give a valid value. While if it is an
OVERRIDE, you can overlook the message and continue and if it is for an ONLINE
AUTHORIZATION the parameter should be authorized appropriately.
You can specify the following details for the UDE values:
User Defined Element ID
To select a UDE Id, click the option list. A list of UDE Ids is displayed. Double click to select a
UDE Id.
User Defined Element Values
Specify the Actual Value for the UDE based on the effective Date in this field. The value specified
here should fall within the minimum and maximum limits maintained for the UDE linked to the
underlying product.
Mandatory if a UDE is maintained.
5-8
Rate Code
Select the code for the Floating Rates if any and the spread on it applicable in this field by clicking
the option list. A list of values is displayed. Double click on a value to select it.
Code Usage
Select the Code usage which can be periodic or automatic in this field
Resolved Value
This denotes the final value of a UDE. Resolved value = Rate code value taken from Floating
Rate Maintenance + the spread [UDE Value]
Account EMI Change
In addition to specifying the change in EMI in terms of frequency, you can also input the change
in terms of amount and percentage. Specify the following details related to the change in EMI
amount of the customer:
Amount Change in EMI
Specify the fixed amount by which the current EMI amount of the customer is either increased or
decreased. This can either be a positive or negative value.
Percentage Change in EMI
Specify the EMI percentage by which the current EMI amount of the customer is either increased
or decreased. This can either be a positive or negative value.
Effective Date
Specify the date from which the new EMI amount is effective for the customer. Alternatively, you
cal also select the date from the calendar button. The Effective Date for Account EMI Change
should always be greater than the value date of the contract.
During value dated amendments, it is possible to change the EMI amount of the customer from
the new ‘Effective Date’. However, the ‘Effective Date’ should be greater than the VAMI effective
date.
It is mandatory to specify either ‘Change EMI Percent’ or ‘Change EMI Amount’ along with
the ‘Effective Date’.
Enrich
After product defaulting, you can change the contract details which impact the schedule
computation. You should enrich these changed details. Click the ‘Enrich’ button. The system
displays appropriate overrides and re-computes schedules and other details depending on the
changed values.
5.2.2 Preferences Tab
The defaults are maintained by the bank. Depending upon the combination of various
preferences, the bank can have various account preferences. The defaults primarily are based on
product definition and can be overridden.
5-9
You can specify the following details here:
Liquidate Back Valued Schedules
If this flag is turned on, during initiation, when a loan is input back dated and if there are any
installment dues, then all those schedules with a due date less than the system date will be
liquidated on initiation
Allow Bulk Payment
Check this box to indicate whether the accounts under a commitment should be considered for
bulk processing. Various disbursements are allowed for a corporate customer and these are
treated as loans with separate products and EMI schedules. Assigning individual payments as
Bulk payments provides the facility of viewing multiple loans under a single commitment.
Amend Past Paid Schedule Allowed
This preference determines if you can modify any feature such as interest rate, installment
amount which affects already paid schedules. If you select this option then the paid schedules are
recalculated and liquidations on them are recognized as pending as appropriate. Note that this
option is applicable only to term loans.
Min Amount Due Calc Method
Specify the minimum amount due calculation formula name maintained at the product level.
5-10
On clicking the ‘Default Method’ button in the ‘Product Definition’ screen, the system will display
the Min Amount Due Calc Method with the formula name.
For open line loans:
o
o
o
o
o
o
The schedule due dates of MAIN_INT component will be the billing dates, the date on
which the account will be picked for calculating minimum amount due.
The service branch and service account are mandatory for PRINCIPAL Component to
handle the excess payment.
The Pay By Date is schedule due date plus the credit days maintained at product level.
On click of the default button, the MAIN_INT schedules will be exploded and the pay by
dates will be shown based on the First Pay By Date input by the user. If First Pay By
Date is not input, then the first Schedule Due Date of MAIN_INT component plus the
credit days (product parameter for OLL) will be defaulted as the First Pay By Date.
Pay by date for bullet schedule (PRINCIPAL and MAIN_INT) will be the maturity date of
the open line loan account.
Holiday treatment will calculate the due date and pay by date respectively
i. System will be changed to always ignore holidays while computing the billing
dates.
ii. System will consider the holiday parameter setup in product while computing the
pay by date.
Readjustment Entry Preferences
You can specify the manner in which adjustment entries passed due to back dated adjustments
should be handled. The options are:
Adjust
Select this option to indicate that the interest amount should be adjusted in the future schedules
due for the loan. Thus, extra amount can be used to pay for a future schedule or arrears can be
collected as part of the next schedule.
Settlement
Select this to indicate that interest amount should be debited or credited to the settlement account
of the customer.
The abovementioned preferences are defaulted from the product to which the account belongs.
However, you can modify them.
Holiday treatment preferences for maturity date cannot be changed in the ‘Amendment’
screen.
Use Guarantor for Repayment
Check this box if you need to consider guarantor account for repayment of loans.
Loan Statement Required
The system defaults this value based on the product preferences. However, you can modify the
default value. Check this box to indicate that the loan statement should be generated.
If this field is checked and the loan statement maintenance is not done at product level, the
system will display an error at the time of saving the contract.
5-11
You need to have linked the ‘CLST_DETAILED’ message to the ‘DSBR’ event (for the product) in
order to generate loan advice on each disbursal in the loan account.
For Loan Against Salary
The system defaults this value here based on the preferences maintained in the CL product.
However, you can modify it at the account level.
Notary Pre Confirmed
Check this box to indicate that you have already got confirmation from the notary, before creation
of the loan.
If the value date of the account is on or before the application date, then ‘NCON’ will trigger INIT
and DSBR event for auto disbursement product, else user will need to trigger manual
disbursement post the notary confirmation. .
If the value date of the loan is beyond the application date, the system will trigger the NCON
event online, once the value date is reached the INIT and DSBR events gets fired, if the loan is
under an auto disbursement product.
You can also save a loan account with this option unchecked. Once you receive the confirmation,
you can trigger the ‘NCON’ event manually using the ‘Manual Notary Confirmation’ screen.
Refer the section ‘Manual Confirmation by Notary’ in this chapter to see the steps required for
getting confirmation from Notary.
Disallow Payment
Check this box to disallow payment to the borrower’s account.
Disallow Disbursement
Check this box to disallow disbursement to the borrower’s account.
Liquidation
You can maintain the following liquidation preferences:
Liquidation Mode
The system defaults the liquidation mode as maintained in product preferences. However, you
can modify the liquidation mode at the account level. Select one of the following options:
• Auto Liquidation
• Manual Liquidation
By default, the system selects this option
When a loan is securitized, the system performs following actions during Payments and Charges
liquidation:
• The system transfers all future payments (including Principal Payments, Charges, Interest,
Prepayment of Loan and Pre-payment Charges) to SPV account (since the ownership of
the loan Asset is changed to SPV). The system posts the consolidated payments to SPV
account during the EOD cycle.
5-12
• If the sale/buyback happened in the middle of logical accrual period, system performs
force accrual on sale/buyback date and passes the accounting entries accordingly. During
EOD cycle, the system generates consolidated credit advice message at securitization
contract level.
Reset Retry Count For Reversed Auto Liquidation
If auto liquidation has been reversed in an account, it will be retried depending upon the status of
this field. If this option is selected, then the auto liquidation is retried.
Partial Liquidation
If you select this option, system will perform partial auto liquidation
Retries Auto Liquidation Days
When auto liquidation option is chosen and funds are not available, the number of times the
system can retry auto liquidation is determined by this field
If blank, the number of retries is infinite
Track Receivable
If Track receivable option is checked for an account, it tracks the amount to be liquidated as a
receivable if funds are not available. So upon any subsequent credit, the receivables are blocked
and allocated to the pending liquidation.
Auto Liquidation
Select this option to indicate that the Track receivable option is for Auto Liquidations. You can
modify this during VAMI/rollover/renegotiation.
This is defaulted from the product level
On schedule liquidation if there are insufficient funds in the settlement account to satisfy the
liquidation and if both the product and the account are marked for receivable tracking then system
initiates tracking of receivable.
If the account is marked for Partial liquidation, then liquidation happens to the extent of available
funds, and the remaining amount is tracked.
If the account is not marked for partial liquidation, and the amount available in the settlement
account is less than the due amount, then system won’t do any liquidation and starts tracking the
full due amount.
Oracle FLEXCUBE facilitates considering and generating guarantor account details maintained
under ‘Component’ tab of ‘Account Details’ screen, if the main borrower defaults the payment of
the due amount. Based on the value defined for missed installments, system considers guarantor
account for repayment. If fund verification and track receivable are enabled, then the system
facilitates track receivable facility for both main borrower and guarantor accounts.
If a customer or a customer account is maintained as guarantor customer or guarantor
account, then the system restricts closing them. However, details related to customer account
being a guarantor account are not maintained at customer account level.
5-13
When due amount is not recovered from a primary settlement account and ‘Use Guarantor for
Repayment’ box is checked, then the system processes ALIQ for the guarantor accounts with a
status sequence number greater than the number maintained at the product level.
ALIQ for the guarantor accounts is an independent subprocess of ALIQ for the primary
settlement account.
System performs following activities under different conditions:
• If guarantor account number is not specified for a selected customer, then the system
considers all the accounts belonging to that customer.
• If verify fund box is checked, then the system checks for availability of due amount in the
guarantor account.
• If verify fund box is unchecked, then the due amount will be an overdue for the primary
settlement account.
• If due amount is not recovered completely from the guarantor account and partial
liquidation is checked for the primary settlement account, then the system tracks the
balance amount as track receivable of primary settlement account.
• If the due amount for a primary settlement account is not recovered at the EOD batch
process, then the system defaults the above activities for the next BOD batch.
When sufficient balance amount is available either in primary settlement account or in guarantor
accounts, then the amount blocks imposed on all valid accounts will be processed.
Whenever there is a credit to an account, the tracking process checks if the account has any
receivable against it and if it does then the relevant amount is blocked as a receivable and the
corresponding amount is marked to be used for settlement during subsequent ALIQ for the
account. This process happens till the amount needed for liquidation is fully available.
The decision of allocating this credit will be based on the preference order of products that has
been specified at an account class level. On the following EOD/BOD, batch liquidation tries to
liquidate the schedule. The amount receivable is made available for the liquidation, and
liquidation happens to the extent of receivable amount.
When an amount is credit to any of the linked guarantor account, then the system verifies for any
repayment due at the primary settlement account level. If an amount is due for repayment, then
the system blocks the overdue amount in the guarantor account currency. If the component
currency and the guarantor currency are different, then the amount block would be computed
based on the exchange rate derived from ‘Sell’ indicator. These amount blocks would be removed
only at CL batch stage and the data of the guarantor block details would be stored.
If an amount is credited to a guarantor account with higher liquidation order than the
guarantor account blocked earlier, then the due amount would be blocked for the guarantor
account with higher liquidation order.
Manual Liquidation
Select this option to indicate that the Track receivable option is for Manual Liquidations.
During manual liquidation, if a due amount is settled, then the system removes the settled amount
block for the guarantor accounts followed by the primary settlement account. After manual
liquidation, the system recalculates the eligible amount block which has to be processed.
5-14
Note the following:
• By default, the system selects this option.
• Repayment from guarantor account will be considered only for auto liquidation and not for
manual liquidation.
When a loan is securitized, the system performs following actions during Payments and Charges
liquidation:
• The system transfers all future payments (including Principal Payments, Charges, Interest,
Prepayment of Loan and Pre-payment Charges) to SPV account (since the ownership of
the loan Asset is changed to SPV). The system posts the consolidated payments to SPV
account during the EOD cycle.
• If the sale/buyback happened in the middle of logical accrual period, system performs
force accrual on sale/buyback date and passes the accounting entries accordingly. During
EOD cycle, the system generates consolidated credit advice message at securitization
contract level.
Rate Revision Preferences
The interest rate to be applied for loans with floating rates linked to a particular rate index are
picked up based on the periodic rate revision schedules you have defined for the rate index.
However, through the rate revision preferences, you can ensure that the system picks up the rate
applicable a certain number of days before the effective date for the loan instead of the rate in the
periodic revision schedule.
You need to maintain the following preferences:
Rate Fixing Required
Check this option to indicate that the system should derive the rate that is based on the values
specified in the ‘Rate Fixing Days’ and ‘Rate Fixing Calendar’ fields instead of the most recent
rate maintenance available in the periodic revision schedule. If you check this option at the
account level, rate fixing will be done at the time of loan creation as well.
Rate Fixing Days
Specify the rate fixing days. The system picks up the rate that is available these many days
before the effective date for the loan i.e. the rate as on (Effective Date- Rate Fixing Days). You
can input a value here only if you have selected the ‘Rate Fixing Required’ option.
Rate Fixing Calendar
Specify the calendar that the system should use to derive the date whose rate should be used.
You have the following options:
• Branch – the system will use the working days of the local branch calendar
• Currency – the system will use the working days of the loan currency calendar
You can input a value here only if you have selected the ‘Rate Fixing Required’ option.
The rate revision preferences will be applied to both loans with revision schedules as well as
loans with floating rates having automatic rate code usage.
5-15
Holiday Periods
After product default, the system disables the ‘Holiday Periods’ section. You can click on the ‘Edit
Holiday Periods’ button to edit the holiday periods. After changing the details, the system recomputes the schedules. On saving the contract, the system prompts the changed details.
You can specify the following detail here:
Period
Select the period for which repayment holiday is to be given to the customer. The holiday periods
maintained in the system are displayed in the adjoining option list. If the selected repayment
holiday period exceeds ‘Interest Only Period’ field in the ‘Product’ screen, the system will display
an appropriate error message.
For details on repayment holidays for amortized loans, please refer to the section ‘Repayment
Holiday for Amortized Loans’ in this chapter.
UDE Rate Plan Dates
Start Date
The start date from which the rate plan change can be done is displayed here. However, you can
modify this value at loan account level.
End Date
The end date till which the rate plan change can be done is displayed here. However, you can
modify this value at loan account level.
Based on the product maintenance, the ‘Rate Plan Change’ details are defaulted to the loan
account and this can be modified.
Intermediary Details
You can capture the Intermediary Details at the loan account level to keep track of the accounts
created through Intermediaries.
Intermediary Initiated
Check this box to indicate that the loan has been initiated by an intermediary.
Intermediary Code
If you have checked the box 'Intermediary Initiated', you need to specify the code of the
intermediary who has initiated the loan. The adjoining option list displays all valid intermediary
codes maintained in the system. You can select the appropriate one.
Both the fields are disabled after the first authorization of the loan. They field cannot be
modified during value-dated amendment and rollover operation.
Note that adjustment of commission and charge computed for the intermediary (in the past cycle)
should be done manually in case of a reversal of any transaction done by the intermediary post
the computation.
5-16
Loan Statements
You can specify the following details for the generation of the loan statements:
Start Date
Specify the start date for the loan generation statement, using the adjoining calendar.
Frequency
Select the frequency of the generation of loan statement, from the adjoining drop-down list. The
list displays the following values:
• Daily
• Monthly
• Quarterly
• Half Yearly
• Yearly
Frequency Unit
Specify the unit of frequency for the statement generation.
If the above preferences are not maintained, the system will generate the loan statements as
per the loan advices maintained in ‘Notices and Statements’ screen at the product level. If the
Loan Statement details are not maintained at the product level, the system will not allow you to
maintain the loan statement preferences for the contract. The system checks the product level
preferences during EOD or BOD batches. You can also amend the loan statement preferences
using ‘Value Date Amendment’ screen.
5.2.3 Holiday Treatment for Maturity Date/All Schedules
Click on the Holiday Treatment button in the Preferences tab of the account details screen. The
Holiday Details screen will be displayed as shown below:
5-17
The value date, schedule date, revision date or the maturity date of a contract might fall on a local
holiday defined for your branch or on a holiday specified for the currency involved in the contract.
The system defaults the holiday details maintained at the product level. However, you can modify
the same. You need to specify the following holiday parameters, which are to be considered for
holiday handling:
Ignore Holidays
If you check this option, the schedule dates will be fixed without taking the holidays into account.
In such a case, if a schedule date falls on a holiday, the automatic processing of such a schedule
is determined by your holiday handling specifications for automatic processes, as defined in the
‘Branch Parameters’ screen.
Include Branch Holiday
If you check this option, the system will consider branch holiday while fixing the schedule date.
Move Across Month
If you have chosen to move the schedule date of a loan falling due on a holiday, either to the next
or previous working day and the movement crosses over into a different month, then this option
will determine whether the movement should be allowed or not.
Use Facility Currency
If you check this option, the holiday handling will be based on the currency calendar maintained
for the facility currency.
Use Contract Currency
If you check this option, the holiday handling will be based on the currency calendar maintained
for the contract currency.
Use Local Currency
If you check this option, the holiday handling will be based on the currency calendar maintained
for the local currency.
Cascade Schedules
If you check this option, when a particular schedule falls due on a holiday and hence is moved to
the next or previous working day (based on the ‘Branch Parameters’), the movement cascades to
other schedules too. If not selected, only the affected schedule will be moved to the previous or
next working day, as the case may be, and other schedules will remain unaffected.
Example
Assume that you have opted to move holiday schedules to the next working day and a schedule falling due
on 29th April is moved to 30th April, 29th being a holiday.
The schedule date for May depends on whether you have chosen to cascade schedules. If you have,
chosen to cascade schedules, the schedule date for May will be set as 30th May, since the frequency has
been specified as monthly. All subsequent schedules will be moved forward by a day.
If you have not specified that schedules have to be cascaded, the date originally specified will be the date
for drawing up the remaining schedules. Even if you move the April schedule from 29th to 30th, the next
th
schedule will remain on 29 May.
5-18
However, when you cascade schedules, the last schedule (at maturity) will be liquidated on the
original date itself and will not be changed like the interim schedules. Hence, for this particular
schedule, the interest days may vary from that of the previous schedules.
This is not applicable for the maturity date.
Adhoc Treatment Required
Check this option to allow the movement of due dates of the schedules that fall on the newly
declared holidays. This option is enabled only if the options, Ignore Holidays parameter and the
Cascade Schedules parameter are not checked at the product level.
If this box is checked, you can choose to move payment, revision, commitment reduction,
disbursement and interest schedules of the account using the respective checkboxes.
Schedule Movement – Forward /Backward
If you opt to move the schedule date falling due on a holiday across months, you need to specify
whether the schedule date should move forward to the next working day in the following month or
move backward to the previous working day of the current schedule month itself.
However, if you opt to ignore the holidays and do not select the ‘Move Across Months’ option, the
system Ignores the holidays and the due will be scheduled on the holiday itself.
Ind. Hol. Treat for Int
Check this box to set up separate holiday treatment parameters for interest schedules.
For details on specifying independent holiday treatment for interest schedules, refer section
‘Specifying Holiday Treatment Parameters for Interest Schedules’ in this User Manual.
Ind. Hol. Treat for Rev
Check this box to set up separate holiday treatment parameters for revision schedules.
For details on specifying independent holiday treatment for revision schedules, refer section
‘Specifying Holiday Treatment Parameters for Revision Schedules’ in this User Manual.
The ‘Ind. Hol. Treat for Int’ and ‘Ind. Hol. Treat for Rev’ fields are defaulted as per the settings
at the Product level. You can change the settings if required at the Account level.
Move Payment Sch
Check this box to indicate that payment schedules need to be recomputed if the new holiday
calendar affects the existing schedules.
Move Comm Redn Sch
Check this box to indicate that commitment reduction schedules need to be recomputed if the
new holiday calendar affects the existing schedules.
Move Disbursement Schedule
Check this box to indicate that disbursement schedules need to be recomputed if the new holiday
calendar affects the existing schedules.
5-19
Move Interest Schedule
Check this box to indicate that interest schedules need to be recomputed if the new holiday
calendar affects the existing schedules.
Move Revision Schedule
Check this box to indicate that revision schedules need to be recomputed if the new holiday
calendar affects the existing schedules.
Note the following:
• You can choose to move payment, revision, commitment reduction, disbursement and
interest schedules using the above checkboxes only if the option ‘Adhoc Treatment
Required’ is checked for the account.
• Automatic rescheduling of the following components is done during the CL BATCH
processing:
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
Interest
Revision
Payment
Commitment reduction
Disbursement
Example of Automatic Rescheduling of Contracts
The holiday calendar at the New York (NYC) branch for the currencies EUR, JPY and GBP is given below:
Branch/
Currency
August 27,
2010
August 28,
2010
August 29,
2010
August 30,
2010
August 31,
2010
September
01, 2010
NYC
Working
Holiday
Holiday
Working
Working
Working
EUR
Working
Working
Working
Working
Holiday
Working
JPY
Working
Holiday
Working
Working
Working
Working
GBP
Working
Working
Working
Holiday
Working
Working
A contract with the following particulars is booked at NYC branch:
•
Facility Currency - EUR
•
Contract Currency - EUR
•
Local Currency - JPY
•
Holiday Currency - GBP
One of the schedules of the contract falls due on Aug 28, 2010.
Based on the holiday preferences set for the contract, the system updates the schedules as follows:
Contract Holiday Preferences
Holiday
Currencies
Ignore
Holiday
Include
Branch
Holiday
Move
Forward/
Backward
Move
Across
Months
EUR
No
No
Forward
No
5-20
New Schedule
Date
Remarks
Aug 29, 2010
Multiple
currencies
Contract Holiday Preferences
Holiday
Currencies
Ignore
Holiday
Include
Branch
Holiday
New Schedule
Date
Move
Forward/
Backward
Remarks
Move
Across
Months
JPY
holidays
GBP
EUR
No
Yes
Backward
No
Aug 27, 2010
Multiple
currencies
+ Branch
holidays
JPY
No
No
Forward
No
Aug 29, 2010
Single
currency
holidays
JPY
No
Yes
Forward
No
Aug 30, 2010
Single
currency +
Branch
holidays
-
Yes
Yes
Forward
No
Aug 30, 2010
Only
branch
holidays
JPY
GBP
The system considers only the future schedules for re-computation.
Holiday Currency Details
You can maintain individual holiday currencies for the payment, revision and interest schedules of
loan account. You can also select multiple holiday currencies for the same schedule type. The
system displays the holiday currencies maintained at the product level for each holiday treatment
type. However, you can modify the details.
Currency Code
Specify a valid currency applicable to the schedule. The adjoining option list displays all valid
currencies maintained in the system. You can select the appropriate one.
In case of schedule generation or regeneration, the system will verify the holidays based on the
calendar of this currency for the corresponding holiday treatment type.
Holiday Treatment Type
Select the holiday treatment type from the adjoining drop-down list. This list displays the following
values:
• Payment Schedules
• Revision Schedules
• Interest Schedules
In order to select either ‘Revision Schedules’ or ‘Interest Schedules’, ensure that ‘Ind. Hol.
Treat for Int’ box is checked under ‘Holiday Treatment for All Schedules’ at the product level.
5-21
5.2.4 Specifying Holiday Treatment Parameters for Interest Schedules
You can specify holiday treatment parameters for interest schedules using ‘Holiday Treatment for
Interest’ screen. You can invoke this screen by clicking ‘Interest Hol Treatment ’ button present
below the ‘Ind. Hol. Treat. for Int’ field.
You can specify the following details here:
• Ignore Holidays
• Include Branch Holiday
• Move Across Month
• Cascade Schedules
• Use Facility Currency
• Use Contract Currency
• Use Local Currency
• Schedule Movement
For more details on the above parameters, refer the section titled ‘Holiday Treatment for Maturity
Date/All Schedules’ in this User Manual.
In order to specify holiday treatment for interest schedules, ensure that ‘Ind. Hol. Treat. for
Int’ checkbox is selected.
5.2.5 Specifying Holiday Treatment Parameters for Revision Schedules
You can specify holiday treatment parameters for revision schedules using ‘Holiday Treatment for
Revision’ screen. You can invoke this screen by clicking ‘Revision Hol Treatment’ button present
below the ‘Ind. Hol. Treat for Rev’ field.
5-22
You can specify the following details here:
• Ignore Holidays
• Include Branch Holiday
• Move Across Month
• Cascade Schedules
• Use Facility Currency
• Use Contract Currency
• Use Local Currency
• Schedule Movement
For more details on the above parameters, refer the section titled ‘Holiday Treatment for Maturity
Date/All Schedules’ in this User Manual.
In order to specify holiday treatment for revision schedules, ensure that ‘Ind. Hol. Treat for
Rev’ checkbox is selected.
The holiday treatment parameters specified for interest and revision schedules at the account
level also affect the following screens:
• Account Simulation (CLDSIMDT)
• Inactive Account (CLDINADT)
• Reassignment (CLDNOVDT)
• Renegotiation (CLDRENOG)
• Rollover (CLDMROLL)
• Value Dated Amendment (CLDVDAMD)
5-23
5.2.6 Components Tab
Clicking against the ‘Components’ tab in the ‘Account Details’ screen invokes the following
screen:
You can specify the following details for the components:
Component Name
Specify the component Name
Component Currency
The system displays the currency associated with the component in this field. The value is
defined at Product level.
Special Interest Amount
Specify the amount for the special interest in this field
Settlement Currency
Select the settlement currency for the option list. Click the adjoining option list to choose a
settlement currency from the list of currencies. Double click on a value to select it.
5-24
In case of a subsidy loan, the system displays the settlement currency based on the subsidy
customer ID specified in the ‘Main’ tab. However you can change it. The settlement currency is
maintained as a default for both Credits and Debits.
Component Type
You can indicate the nature of the component. This is also known as the ‘Reporting Type’. It
defines the manner in which the component should be classified for reporting/accounting
purposes. A component can be of one of the following types:
• Reimbursement: these are components which have both Dr and Cr mapped to settlement
accounts
•
Off-Balance Sheet (OBS): An OBS Component will have balances but these need not be
zero when an account is closed
• Adhoc Charges
• Charge
• Tax
• Insurance
• Interest
• Provisioning
• Deposit
Main component
The system selects the component of the loan designated as main component in the product
level in this field
Verify Fund
You can indicate whether the system should verify the availability of sufficient funds in the
customer account before doing auto liquidation of the component
Capitalized
Select this option if the scheduled amounts are to be capitalized
Interest Method Details
The system defaults the following details for interest computation from the product:
• Days in Month
• Days in Year
• Interest Method Default from Currency Definition
You can change these while creating a new account (but not subsequently for instance during
VAMI) and the system will use the interest method specified at the account level to compute
interest.
Days in Month
Here, you have to specify the number of days to be considered in a month for component
computation. The options available are:
5-25
• Actual: This implies that the actual number of days is considered for calculation. For
instance, 31 days in January, 28 days in February (for a non-leap year), 29 days in
February (for a leap year) and so on
• 30 (EURO): In this case, 30 days is considered for all months including February,
irrespective of leap or non-leap year
• 30 (US): This means that only 30 days is to be considered for interest calculation for all
months except February where the actual number of days is considered i.e. 28 or 29
depending on leap or non-leap year
The value selected here corresponds to the Numerator part of the Interest method.
Days in Year
You can specify the number of days to be considered for a year during computation of a particular
component. This could be:
• 360: This means that only 360 days will be considered irrespective of the actual number of
calendar days
• 365: In this case, leap and non leap year will be 365
• Actual: In this case, leap year will be 366 and non leap year will be 365
This value corresponds to the denominator part of the interest method.
Interest Method Default from Currency Definition
Check this option to indicate that the system should use the interest method defined for the loan
account currency for interest computation. In this case, the interest method defined in the
‘Currency Definition’ screen (for the loan account currency) will become applicable to the loan.
CCY Interest Method
The system displays the interest method specified for the loan account currency here. If you have
checked the ‘Interest Method Default from Currency Definition’ option, then the system will
display the ‘Days in Month’ and ‘Days in Year’ values for the loan account currency in this field.
Waive
Select this option to waive the component for the account
The system does not select it by default
Special Component
Select this option to denote if the component is a special Interest type. This implies that the
computed value of the component can be overridden with the entered value
IRR Applicable
Check this option to indicate that the component is to be considered for IRR calculation for the
account. This field is applicable to interest, charge and fee components. For adhoc charge,
charge, penalty and prepayment penalty components, the value will be defaulted from the product
level and you will not be able to modify it.
This field will not be available for input if ‘Accrual Required’ and ‘IRR Applicable’ are left
unchecked at the product level.
5-26
Note the following:
• For bearing type of component formula this option will be enabled only if ‘Accrual
Required’ is checked for the component at the product level
• For discounted or true discounted type of component formula this option will be allowed
irrespective of whether the ‘Accrual Required’ option is checked or not at the product
component level
• If the option ‘Accrual Required’ is unchecked and ‘IRR Applicable’ is checked, then
discounted component will be considered as a part of total discount to be accrued for Net
Present Value (NPV) computation
• If both ‘Accrual Required’ and ‘IRR Applicable’ are checked, then discounted component
will be considered for IRR computation
• Upfront Fee component will be considered for IRR only when ‘Accrual Required’ and ‘IRR
Applicable’ both are checked
• For upfront fee component, if ‘IRR Applicable’ is checked, then ‘Accrual Required’ has to
be checked
• Post securitization, the accrual event’s credit and debit GL account will be pointing to the
same SPV Bridge GL, so that the accrual is nullified.
Funded During Initiation
This field indicates if the component can be funded during the INIT event.
Funded during Rollover
Select this option if the component can be funded during the rollover process.
Show in Stmnts/Notices
This box will be checked or unchecked depending on the preferences at the product level.
However, you can modify it. If you uncheck this box, then the internal charges of the components
will not be displayed in the statements and notices.
Penal basis Comp options
The system displays the Penal basis for calculating penalty component in this field.
Service Branch
Click the option list to select the branch that services the customer account
Double click on a value to select it
Service Account
Click the option list to select the account in the service branch.
Double click on a value to select it.
All modes except Savings/Checking needs service account. Adjustments etc. will be settled
through this account.
5-27
Maintaining Schedule Details
This section is disabled both on product defaulting and enriching. You can modify any component
details by clicking ‘Edit Schedules’ button.
The following details are captured here:
Schedule Type
Select the type of schedule from the option list. Schedule can be a payment, a disbursement or a
rate revision schedule.
Post Securitization, the system consolidates all the changes of the pool and sends
consolidated information to SPV. You need to pass additional income/expense on account rate
revision on SPV. If the loan tenor has been increased, the system generates the advice message
and sends it to SPV.
Schedule Flag
Select the option for the Schedule flag from the option list.
The options are Normal or Moratorium.
Select the option Moratorium if there are no scheduled repayments for the component for the
Moratorium period. However the component is accrued for a certain Moratorium period.
Formula
Enter the formula used to compute the component for that schedule.
First Due Date
Enter the first due date for the schedule for the component. The first due date can be defined
based on the value date for the loan or a calendar date.
Number of Schedules
Enter the number of times the schedule is repeated for a chosen frequency for the schedule. If
the Frequency is Monthly and Number is 1, it implies once a month.
Frequency
This implies the number of times the schedule will repeat for a Unit. If it is 2 and the Unit is
Monthly, it implies twice a month.
Units
Enter the installment unit for the component for the schedule. The units of frequency definition
can be Daily, Weekly, Bullet, Monthly, Quarterly, Half Yearly or Yearly.
Select the unit of the schedule from the option list.
Due Dates On
This option may be used to schedule an installment on a particular date of the month.
5-28
End Date
End date for the component for the schedule will be computed from the start date, frequency, unit
and number for the schedule.
Amount
The amount of payment done (whether disbursement or repayment) is displayed in this field.
Capitalize
Select this option if the schedule amounts are to be capitalized.
Waive
Select this option to specify if you need to allow a waiver of the component payments for the
schedule
The system by default does not select this option
A schedule can be either applicable or capitalized or waived
Liquidation Mode
The liquidation mode selected at the product preference screen is displayed here. You can
modify the same only if the ‘Payment Mode’ field at the product component schedules section is
selected as ‘Component’ option. Select the mode of liquidation. The following are the options
available:
• Auto
• Manual
• Component
5.2.6.1 Schedule Details
After making necessary changes click ‘Explode Schedule Details’ button to re-compute the
schedules. You can view the following details:
Schedule Number
The system generates and displays a sequential schedule number for installments
Due Date
The system displays the due date of the payments and disbursements in this field
Pay By Date
The system will display the pay by date.
Pay by date = (Schedule due date) + (Credit days maintained at product level)
On clicking the ‘Default Method’ button in the ‘Product Definition’ screen, the MAIN_INT
schedules are exploded and the system will display the pay by dates based on the value of the
First Pay By Date. If you have not entered the first pay by date details then the system will
calculate the first pay by date as follows:
5-29
(First Schedule Due Date of MAIN_INT component) + (Credit days (product parameter for OLL))
Pay by date for bullet schedule (PRINCIPAL and MAIN_INT) will be the maturity date of the open
line loan account.
Amount Settled
The system displays the settlement amount for the schedule in this field
Amount Due
The system displays the amount due for the schedule in this field
EMI Amount
The EMI that should be repaid in this schedule is displayed in this field
Amort Prin Details
The system displays the principal that has to be amortized in this field. This field will be relevant
for the Interest component that is being amortized.
Accrued Amount
In this field, the system displays the amount accrued for the component for the schedule
Capitalize
The flag is used to display that the schedule installment is capitalized
Waive
Select this option to indicate if this particular amount which is due will be waived or not.
5-30
5.2.6.2 Specifying Guarantor Details
Click ‘Guarantor Details’ button under the ‘Components’ tab in the ‘Account Details’ screen, to
invoke ‘Guarantor Details’ screen.
If you check the ‘Use Guarantor for Repayment’ box and not specify the guarantor details,
then the system will display an error message.
You can specify guarantor account details here.
Account
Account number for which repayment is due is defaulted here, from the ‘Account Details’ screen.
Component Name
Name of the component for which repayment is computed is defaulted here, from the
‘Component’ tab in the ‘Account Details’ screen.
Guarantor Customer
You can specify customer details of the guarantor here.
Sequence Number
Serial number of the guarantor account is defaulted here. If multiple guarantor accounts are
provided, then the system follows sequence number for the liquidation order.
Account No.
Select a valid customer id for the guarantor from the adjoining option list.
5-31
Customer Name
The customer name of the selected customer id is defaulted here.
Guarantor Customer Account
You can specify account details of the guarantor here.
Sequence Number
Serial number of the guarantor account is defaulted here. If multiple guarantor accounts are
provided, then the system follows sequence number for the liquidation order.
Account No
Select a valid account number for the guarantor from the adjoining option list. This adjoining
option list displays all valid accounts for a selected customer id maintained at the guarantor
customer level.
Note the following:
• If the selected account number is already a guarantor to another primary settlement
account, then the system will display an override message indication the same.
• If the guarantor and primary settlement account are interchanged for a different loan
account, then the system will display an error message.
Account Branch
The current branch code of the selected guarantor account is defaulted here.
Currency
The currency of the guarantor account is defaulted here.
Guarantor currency type can be different from component currency type.
5-32
5.2.6.3 Specifying Payment Mode Details
You can specify the details of payment mode in the ‘Settlement Mode’ screen. To invoke the
screen, click ‘Payment Mode Details’ button under ‘Components’ tab in the ‘Account Details’
screen.
Here you can specify the following details:
Branch
Specify the branch in which the customer account resides.
Account
Specify the unique number of the account in the specified branch.
Credit Settlement Mode Tab
You can specify the credit settlement details under the ‘Credit Settlement Mode’ in the
‘Settlement Mode’ screen.
Credit Payment Mode
Select the credit payment mode from the adjoining drop-down list. The list displays the following
values:
• CASA
• Credit Card
• Clearing
• Debit Card
• External Account
• Electronic Pay Order
5-33
• GIRO
• Internal Cheque
• Instrument
• Cash/Teller
Credit Product Account
Specify the account number of the credit product.
Credit Account Branch
Specify the name of the branch in which the credit account should be maintained.
Instrument Number Credit
Specify the instrument number that should be used for credit payment.
Upload Source Credit
Specify the upload source that should be used for credit payment.
End Point
Specify the end point maintained in the clearing system. The adjoining option list displays all valid
end points maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
External Account Number
Specify the external account number.
External Account Name
Specify the name of the beneficiary who is holding the external account.
Clearing Bank Code
Specify the code of the external bank that should be used for clearing maintenance. The
adjoining option list maintains all valid banks maintained in the system. You can choose the
appropriate one.
Clearing Branch Code
Specify the branch code of the specified external bank that should be used for clearing. The
adjoining option list displays all valid codes maintained in the system. You can choose the
appropriate one.
Product Category
Specify the category of the product. The adjoining option list displays all valid products
maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Routing Number
Specify the routing number of the specified branch for clearing.
5-34
Clearing Product Code
Specify the product code that should be used for clearing. The adjoining option list displays all
valid code maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Sector Code
Specify the code of the sector that should be used for clearing. The adjoining option list displays
all valid codes maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Giro Number
Specify the GIRO number of the corporate customer.
Payer Account
Specify the account from which the amount should be paid.
Payer Bank Code
Specify the code of the payer’s bank that should be used for the payment of amount.
Payer Branch
Specify the branch of the specified payer’s bank that should be used for the payment of amount.
Payer Bank Address 1-4
Specify the address of the bank that should be used for the payment of the amount.
Bank GIRO
Indicate the type of bank GIRO that should be used for corporate customers. You can select one
of the following:
• Bank GIRO
• Plus
Auto GIRO
Indicate the type of the Auto GIRO for automatic direct debit. You can select one of the following
values:
• Auto
• Manual
Exchange Rate
For a customer availing any Relationship Pricing scheme, the customer specific exchange rate
derived by adding the original exchange rate and the customer spread maintained for the
relationship pricing scheme gets displayed here.
You can change the defaulted rate provided the change is within the variance level maintained for
the underlying product.
If Relationship Pricing is not applicable, Exchange Rate will be the same as the Original
Exchange Rate.
5-35
For more details on customer specific exchange rates, refer the section titled ‘Specifying Pricing
Benefit Details’ in Relationship Pricing user manual.
Negotiated Cost Rate
Specify the negotiated cost rate that should be used for foreign currency transactions between
the treasury and the branch. You need to specify the rate only when the currencies involved in
the transaction are different. Otherwise, it will be a normal transaction.
Negotiated Reference No
Specify the reference number that should be used for negotiation of cost rate, in foreign currency
transaction. If you have specified the negotiated cost rate, then you need to specify the
negotiated reference number also.
Oracle FLEXCUBE books the online revaluation entries based on the difference in exchange
rate between the negotiated cost rate and transaction rate.
Original Exchange Rate
The base or actual exchange rate between the account currency and settlement currency gets
displayed here.
Debit Settlement Mode Tab
You can specify the debit settlement details under the ‘Debit Settlement Mode’ in the ‘Settlement
Mode’ screen.
Here you can specify the following details:
Debit Payment Mode
Select the Debit payment mode from the adjoining drop-down list. The list displays the following
values:
5-36
• CASA
• Credit Card
• Clearing
• Debit Card
• External Account
• Electronic Pay Order
• GIRO
• Internal Cheque
• Instrument
• Cash/Teller
Debit Product Account
Specify the account number of the debit product.
Debit Account Branch
Specify the name of the branch in which the debit account should be maintained.
Instrument Number Debit
Specify the instrument number that should be used for debit payment.
Upload Source Debit
Specify the upload source that should be used for debit payment.
End Point
Specify the end point maintained in the clearing system. The adjoining option list displays all valid
end points maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
External Account Number
Specify the external account number.
External Account Name
Specify the name of the beneficiary who is holding the external account.
Clearing Bank Code
Specify the code of the external bank that should be used for clearing maintenance. The
adjoining option list maintains all valid banks maintained in the system. You can choose the
appropriate one.
Clearing Branch Code
Specify the branch code of the specified external bank that should be used for clearing. The
adjoining option list displays all valid codes maintained in the system. You can choose the
appropriate one.
5-37
Product Category
Specify the category of the product. The adjoining option list displays all valid products
maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Routing Number
Specify the routing number of the specified branch for clearing.
Clearing Product Code
Specify the product code that should be used for clearing. The adjoining option list displays all
valid code maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Sector Code
Specify the code of the sector that should be used for clearing. The adjoining option list displays
all valid codes maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Payer Account
Specify the account from which the amount should be paid.
Payer Bank Code
Specify the code of the payer’s bank that should be used for the payment of amount.
Payer Branch
Specify the branch of the specified payer’s bank that should be used for the payment of amount.
Payer Bank Address 1-4
Specify the address of the bank that should be used for the payment of the amount.
GIRO Number
Specify the GIRO number of the corporate customer.
Bank GIRO
Indicate the type of bank GIRO that should be used for corporate customers. You can select one
of the following:
• Bank GIRO
• Plus
Auto GIRO
Indicate the type of the Auto GIRO for automatic direct debit. You can select one of the following
values:
• Auto
• Manual
5-38
Exchange Rate
For a customer availing any Relationship Pricing scheme, the customer specific exchange rate
derived by adding the original exchange rate and the customer spread maintained for the
relationship pricing scheme gets displayed here.
You can change the defaulted rate provided the change is within the variance level maintained for
the underlying product.
If Relationship Pricing is not applicable, Exchange Rate will be the same as the Original
Exchange Rate.
For more details on customer specific exchange rates, refer the section titled ‘Specifying Pricing
Benefit Details’ in Relationship Pricing user manual.
Negotiated Cost Rate
Specify the negotiated cost rate that should be used for foreign currency transactions between
the treasury and the branch. You need to specify the rate only when the currencies involved in
the transaction are different. Otherwise, it will be a normal transaction.
Negotiated Reference No
Specify the reference number that should be used for negotiation of cost rate, in foreign currency
transaction. If you have specified the negotiated cost rate, then you need to specify the
negotiated reference number also.
Oracle FLEXCUBE books the online revaluation entries based on the difference in exchange
rate between the negotiated cost rate and transaction rate.
Original Exchange Rate
The base or actual exchange rate between the account currency and settlement currency gets
displayed here.
5.2.6.4 Viewing Disbursals
Select the Principal Component. Click ‘Disbursals’ to see the Disbursal schedule. This gives the
list of Schedules for the disbursements and their corresponding Disbursement amounts.
5-39
You can check the details of the due date of the schedule and the Amount to be disbursed from
the Sch Due date field and the Amount To Disburse field respectively.
If any disbursal results in a status change for the account, the system will update the current
status for the account in the ‘Derived Status’ field. During end-of-day batch processing, it will
update the ‘User Defined Status’ for the account with the worst status that is available for all
accounts and loans for this CIF and post the required accounting entries for the change.
During Amendments/Disbursements, post securitization the system raises an alert message
saying:
‘The loan account has been securitized’
In such cases, you need perform the amendments/disbursement after getting the approval
from SPV.
5.2.6.5 Viewing Rate Revisions
Select a component which has rate revision defined. To view the details of the Rate revision
schedule, click the ’Revisions’ button. This lists the details of the revisions done on the
Components.
This lists the revision date against the component name. This also has an application option
which displays if the revision was applied or not
You can check the details of the name of the component that is revised and the date when it has
been revised from the field Component name and Revision date respectively.
5.2.7 Charges Tab
This module is used for calculating and applying charges on an account. To calculate the charges
that we would like to levy on an account, we have to specify the basis on which we would like to
apply charges. For example, we may want to apply charges on the basis of the debit turnover in
an account. When we define a Charge product, we have to specify the Charge basis.
When we apply the charge product on an account or an account class, charges for the account
will be calculated on this basis.
5-40
The following details are captured:
Calculation Type
To specify the manner in which the component should be calculated and liquidated. You can
choose one of the following options:
Formula with schedule (Component Type - Interest)
• Formula without schedule (Charge)
• Penal Interest
• Prepayment Penalty
• Discount
• Schedule without formula (Principal)
• No schedule No formula (Ad Hoc Charges)
• Penalty Charges
Component Currency
The system displays the currency associated with the component. The component currency is
defaulted from the Product level
5-41
Settlement Currency
Click the option list to choose the details of the currency in which the payments are to be made in
this field. A list of currencies is displayed. Double click on a value to select it.
Effective Date
Enter the details of the date from which the charge is applicable in this field
Service Branch
The branch that services the account - Any Valid, Open Branch
Service Account
Denotes the account in the service branch. A valid open account in the service branch . The
service account is needed for all modes apart from Savings/Checking. The adjustments etc will
be settled through this account.
Due Date
The date on which the charge was applied
Amount Due
Enter the details of the amount due for repayment in this field
Funded during Initiation
Select this option if the component can be funded during loan initiation
Funded during Rollover
Select this option if the component can be funded during the rollover process
For each component, the following details are displayed:
• Event Code
• Component Name: A component will be of type ‘Charge’
• Amount Due: The amount due for repayment in this field
• Amount Settled: The settled amount in this field
• Schedule Due Date: The scheduled date for repayment in this field
• Waive: If this option is checked, the charge defined for event is waived off
Waiver Flag
Select this option to waive off the charges.
Show in Statements/Notices
The system defaults the status of this box as per the preferences set at the product level.
However, you can modify this. If you check this box, the system will display the internal charges
of the components in the statements and notices. If you do not check this, the internal charges
will not be displayed in the statements and notices.
5-42
5.2.8 Linkage Details Tab
At the time of Loan account capture, the Linkages to securities backing the loan is captured. They
include:
• The reference number of the Collateral , Collateral Pool , Line , Account , Amount block,
Commitment, Guarantee Collection Bill is linked
• The amount which is attributed to the particular reference number is also captured
The account input screen captures the Linkages as shown below:
You can specify the following Linkage details:
Linkage Sequence Number
Enter the sequence number for the linkage that you are specifying
Linkage Type
Click on the list item to choose the details of the linkage type. A list of values is displayed. Double
click on a value to select it
The valid values are Line, Deposit, Guarantee, Amount Block, Savings/Checking Account,
Collateral Pool, Commitment and Collateral
5-43
Linkage Branch
Select the branch of the linkage type
Customer ID
Click on ‘C’ button to choose the ID of the customer to be used for corresponding linkage type. A
list of values is displayed. Double click on a value to select it.
A customer can either be the primary applicant or any of the other applicants for which the
linkage type has been maintained.
Linkage Ref No
Click on ‘L’ button to choose linkage reference number be used for corresponding field.
Linkage Amount
Enter the linkage amount in this field
Secured Portion
Enter the part of the principal that is backed by some asset in this field
5.2.9 Advices Tab
Advices that may be generated whenever the account level status changes or whenever a
particular event is fired can be linked at the Product level. Priorities of the advice can be changed
and also a particular advice for an event can be suppressed.
Generation of an advice across the life of the account can also be suppressed.
5-44
You can specify the following Advice details:
Message Type
The system displays all the advices for all the events for the account. The list will include all the
advices that are defined at the product level
Suppress
This field allows the user to suppress the generation of the advice for a particular event. The
options are Yes or No
Priority
Click the option list to select the priority of generation. A list of values is displayed. Double click
on a value to select it.
The options are High, Medium or Low
5.2.9.1 Suppress Advices across the Account
The generation of an advice across the life of the account can be suppressed.
Message Type
Click the option list to select the type of advice, the generation of which can be suppressed
across the account. A list of values is displayed. Double click on a value to select it.
5-45
The list includes advices defined at the product level
You can suppress the Payment Message defaulted in case you do not need a credit through swift
message.
The message is automatically suppressed if the Principal Credit Settlement account is changed
to a GL or if the receiver in ‘Swift Msg Details’ screen is not valid to receive the message i.e, if the
Customer Type of the Receiver party is not a Bank.
Also, if the settlement mode for PRINCIPAL component is anything other than Savings/Checking,
the swift message is automatically suppressed.
If the Transfer Type is chosen as blank i.e, neither Customer Transfer nor Bank Transfer, then
PAYMENT_MESSAGE will become CREDIT_ADVICE by Swift(MT910) if the Receiver is a bank
and the credit settlement account is a current account.
5.2.10 Rollover Tab
You can maintain the following details here:
Allow Rollover
Select the required option to indicate if rollover should be allowed for the loan or not. The options
are:
5-46
• Yes
• No
Rollover Mode
This option is used to determine if the Rollover is system driven or not .You can select either of
the following options:
• Auto - If you select the option Auto Rollover, then upon maturity, the Account will be rolled
over automatically by the system Rollover batch run in BOD.
• Manual - If you select the option Manual roll over, then the system does not perform the
auto rollover and you can perform a manual rollover.
By default, the system selects the ‘Auto’ option
Rollover Type
Select either of the following options:
• Special Amount: If your rollover is a special amount, select this option and capture the
amount that has to be rolled over
• Custom: If the rollover type is ‘Custom’, then select the ‘Component Names’ that have to
be rolled over
UDE Rollover
Select the required option to determine if at the time of rollover the UDE value would be defaulted
from the product or from the account /Contract
The system by default does not select the option Contract
Schedule Basis
This flag will determine if at the time of rollover the schedule would be defaulted from the product
or from the account/Contract
The system by default does not select the option Contract
Roll By
Specify the basis for rollover. It could be any of the following:
• Days
• Months
• Years
Rollover Components
You can maintain the following detail here:
Component
This option is applicable when Rollover Type is Custom. The option list provided will display the
components relevant to the account from which you can choose the components that are to be
rolled over.
5-47
5.2.11 Credit Score Tab
Click ‘Credit Score’ tab to specify the details for calculating the credit score.
You need to specify the following details here:
Rule Name
The rule associated with the loan product gets defaulted here. You can modify this, if required.
Automated Score
The credit score calculated by the system based on the rules maintained at the product level gets
displayed here
Agency Code
Select the code of the external agency, to be approached for calculating the score
External Credit Score
The score as calculated by the external agency is displayed here
Click ‘Score’ to auto-generate the credit score for the customer. Click ‘External Score’ to autogenerate the credit score for the Bureau.
5-48
5.2.12 Private Balance Tab
For loans which have moved from a ‘Normal’ to a non-accrual status (Non-Accrual Principal or
Non-Accrual Cash), the system tracks Private Balances and Charge-off Balances. Private
Balances refer to the principal outstanding at the time when the loan moves to non-accrual status
and Charge off Balances refers to the amount of principal that has been charged off for the loan.
In this screen, the system displays the following details for a loan in a non-accrual status:
• The type of balance – Private or Charge Off
• The amount for the balance type
• The value date for the balance
Refer the chapter ‘Operations’ in this User Manual for more details on private balances.
5-49
.
5.3
Viewing Account Summary
You can view loan summary for an account in ‘Account Summary’ screen. You can invoke this
screen by typing ‘CLSACCNT’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and
clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
You can query for records based on the following criteria:
• Account Number
• Customer ID
• Product Code
• Maturity Date
• Currency
• Alternate Account Number
• Authorization Status
• Customer Name
• Value Date
• Amount Financed
• User Defined Status
• Account Status
5-50
Click ‘Search’ button. Based on your preferences, the system identifies and displays all records
satisfying the criteria. If you do not specify any parameter before clicking ‘Search’, the system will
display all utilization records available. To view a record in detail, double-click on it.
5.3.1 Fields Tab
The User Defined Fields are defined at the Product level. These fields are available in the UDF
tab at the time of account creation.
The following details are displayed/captured here:
UDF Description
The UDF descriptions defaulted from the Product screen are displayed. The system displays all
the UDF descriptions defined at the Product level
UDF Value
Specify the UDF value in this field. This is applicable only if the user input or list of values is
defined at the time of creation of the UDF
5-51
5.3.2 Check List Tab
The Check lists are maintained in the ‘Check List Maintenance’ screen and are linked to different
events of the contract. The checklist maintained for the BOOK event is available in the Checklist
tab at the time of account creation.
The following details are captured here:
Description
The description of the check list maintained for the BOOK event is displayed here
Verified
Check this box to indicate that the check list item has been verified
Remarks
Specify any additional remarks about the check list or the account in this free format text field
5-52
5.3.3 Specifying Promotions
Invoke the ‘Promotions’ screen by clicking the ‘Promotions’ button in the ‘Account Details’ screen.
The following details are captured here:
Promotion Type
The system displays the Promotion type to which the original loan is linked. It could be any of the
following:
• CONVENIOS
• PROMOTION
• CORFO
• FOGAPE
Promotion ID
The system displays the promotion ID in this field
Beneficiary
The system displays the beneficiary CIF in this field
Priority
The system displays the priority assigned to the promotion.
5-53
5.3.4 Specifying Other Applicants Details
You can maintain the primary and other applicants details in the ‘Other Applicants’ screen. Click
the ‘Other Applicants’ button to invoke the screen.
You can maintain the following details of the Primary applicants:
Primary Applicant
This detail is defaulted from the main screen. Enter the Customer ID of the primary applicant in
this field
Primary Applicant Name
After you enter the Customer ID, the system displays the Name of the primary applicant in this
field
Other Applicants
The details of the liability parties to the account are maintained in this field. Other Applicants of a
loan include Co-signers and Guarantors.
You can specify the following details of the Co-applicants:
Customer ID
To select the customer ID of the co-applicant, click the option list. A list of customer IDs is
displayed. Double click to select the customer ID of the co-applicant.
Customer Name
After you enter the name of the Customer, the system displays the name of the customer in this
field.
5-54
Responsibility
Select the details of the co-applicants and their responsibility as a Co-signer or as a guarantor
from the option list. You can enter the details like the guarantor, co-signer, main addressee,
advice notice receiver, and borrower etc., who is relevant to a joint account relationship. During
initiation of the account, the primary customer is defaulted to ‘Borrower’ with 100% Liability and
value date as the effective date. You are allowed to maintain multiple applicants (customer id) for
a loan with the same responsibility (Borrower).
While there is no processing impact, the difference will become important when the original
debtor is absconding and the loan is unpaid etc.
Liabilities%
Specify the contribution of the co-applicants to the Loan. You can specify the Liability of the coapplicant if any, in case of a Loan default. You can also specify the percentage of interest split
among different co-applicants. It is not made mandatory to maintain ‘Liability %’ for the
responsibility ‘Borrower’. There could be borrowers with 0% liability.
The sum of ‘Liability %’ for all the customers of a loan can exceed 100% but not less than
100%.
Liability Amount
The system calculates and displays the upper limit of the liability in terms of the amount in this
field. You may override the computed value.
Effective Date
This field is used to capture the date from which the % interest split among co-applicants of the
loan will be taken into consideration. During the initiation of the loan, the value date of the loan
will be defaulted as the effective date. During VAMI, the same effective date will be retained, you
can however edit it.
The effective date can not be a date prior to the loan initiation date. It is also necessary that
there is one record for the initiation date. The effective date for all the applicants is the same.
5.3.5 Maintaining Payment Mode Details
The debit and credit settlement mode details for the account can be maintained in the ‘Settlement
Details’ screen. You can invoke this screen by clicking the ‘Payment Mode’ button in the ‘Main’
tab.
5-55
The options for debit mode are Savings/Checking, Credit Card, Debit Card, Clearing, External
Account, Electronic Pay Order, Internal Check, Instrument, GIRO and Cash/Teller.
The options for credit mode are Savings/Checking, Clearing, External Account, Instrument, and
Cash/Teller.
You can maintain the following details here:
• CASA:
¾
Branch: Click the option list to choose the branch in which the customer account
resides. Double click on a branch to select it
• Account: Click the option list to choose the account in the branch selected. Double click on
an account to select it. Credit Card / Debit Card
¾
Card Number: This field captures either the Credit No or the Debit No details based
on the selection
The card must be a valid card whose number can be checked with a modulo logic or
maintenance file
• Clearing Network
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
Clearing Bank Code: Click the option list to select the bank code as per clearing
maintenance. Double click on a bank code to select it
Clearing Branch Code: Click the option list to select the clearing bank branch. Double
click on a branch code to select it
Instrument No: Enter the number on the instrument presented for clearing in this field.
Double click on a value to select it
Routing No: Enter the routing number of the branch selected for clearing in this field
Clearing Product Code: Click the option list to choose a product code if the clearing is
using an Oracle FLEXCUBE clearing product. Double click on a branch to select it
End Point: This field picks up the end point maintained in the clearing system
Sector Code: Click the option list to choose the clearing sector code. Double click on
a sector code to select it
• External Account
5-56
¾
¾
¾
¾
Clearing Bank Code: Click the option list to choose the external bank code as per
clearing maintenance
Clearing Branch Code: Click the option list to choose the external bank branch used
for clearing
Ext Acc No: Enter the external account number in this field
Ext Acc Beneficiary Name: Enter the name of the beneficiary of the external account
in this field
• GIRO
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
Auto/Manual GIRO – Select Auto GIRO for automatic direct debit or else select
Manual
Bank/Plus GIRO – Select the GIRO clearing system used, which can be either Bank
or Plus
GIRO Number – This is applicable only for corporate customers and not for individual
customers. You have to enter the GIRO number
Payer Bank Name – Specify the name of the bank from which the amount is paid
Payer Branch - Specify the branch from which the amount is paid
Payer Account - Specify the account from which the amount is paid
Payer Bank Address - Specify the address of the bank from which the amount is paid
• Instrument / Cash / Teller
¾
AC Branch: Click the option list to choose branch where the account is serviced.
Double click on a branch to select it
Product or Account: If the payment mode is Account, this field specifies the Savings/Checking /
GL account to be debited. If the payment is through Instrument / Cash, it denotes the teller
product to be used
5.3.6 Capturing Asset Details
You can capture the details corresponding to the collateral being provided for the current loan in
the ‘Assets’ screen. To invoke this screen, click ‘Assets’ button in ‘Account Details’ tab of the
‘Account Details’ screen.
5.3.6.1 Account Asset Valuation Tab
You can capture valuation details of the asset in this tab.
Here, you can specify the following details related to your assets like vehicle, home, etc.
5-57
Assets
Select the type of asset from the drop-down list. The following values are provided for selection:
• Vehicle
• Home
• Others
Value Date
Specify the valuation date for the selected asset, or select the date by clicking the ‘Calendar’
button.
Source
Specify the source associated with the asset selected
Supplement
Specify the supplement of the valuation source used for the valuation
Edition
Specify edition of the valuation source used for the valuation
Wholesale
Specify the wholesale rate associated with the asset selected
Retail
Specify the retail rate associated with the asset selected
Usage
Specify usage level at the time of the valuation
Usage Value +
Specify the initial usage value
Total
Specify the total usage of the asset
5-58
5.3.6.2 Vehicle Tab
You can capture details regarding the asset of type ‘vehicle’ in this tab
You can specify the following common details associated with asset of type vehicle:
Class
Select the class associated with the asset selected, from the option list. The following options are
provided:
• New
• Used
Status
Select the status of the asset selected, from the option list. The following options are provided:
• Active
• Inactive
• Inventory
• Undefined
Type
Specify the type of the selected asset here
Sub Type
Specify the subtype associated with the asset, if any
Year
Specify the year of association with the selected asset
Make
Specify the make of the selected asset. For vehicle, you can specify the manufacturing company
name and for home you can specify the name of the builder or developer.
5-59
Model
Specify the model of the selected asset
Address
Specify the address associated with the asset
You need to specify the following details additional related to vehicle type of asset:
Body
Specify the body number associated with the vehicle
Id Number
Specify the unique identification number associated with the vehicle
Reg. Number
Specify the registration number of the vehicle
5.3.6.3 Home Tab
You can capture details regarding the asset of type Home in this tab
You can specify the following additional details for home type of asset:
Occupancy
Specify the number of people occupying the house
Width
Specify the width associated with the selected asset
Length
Specify the length associated with the selected asset
PO #
Specify the post office number of the location of the property
5-60
GEO
Specify the property GEO code (Geospatial Entity Object Code) for the asset
BNA
Specify the census tract/BNA code (Block Numbering Area) for the asset
MSA
Specify the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) code for the asset
Click ‘Ok’ to save the details.
5.3.6.4 Mortgage Tab
You can capture details regarding the asset of type Mortgage in this tab.
Here you can specify the following mortgage type asset:
Property Name
Specify the name of the mortgage property.
Collateral Category
Specify the category to which the collateral belongs.
Country
Specify the name of the country to which the mortgage property belongs.
Co-Owner
If the property is jointly held, specify the name of the co-owner of the property.
Property Age (in Years)
Specify the age of the property in terms of number of years.
Valuation
Specify the actual value of the mortgage property.
5-61
Offset Margin
Specify the offset margin of the mortgage property.
Lendable Margin
Specify the margin that should be allowed for lending.
Valuation Currency
Specify the currency in which the property has been valued. The option list displays all valid
currencies maintained in the system. Choose the appropriate one.
Property Address
Specify the address details of the property.
5.3.6.5 Others Tab
You can capture other asset details here.
Specify the following details:
• Asset Class
• Type
• Sub Type
• Asset Status
• Asset Year
• Asset Make
• Asset Model
• Asset Body
• Identity Number
• Register Number
• Address
5.3.7 Capturing Financial Details
You can capture the income or liability details of the customer in the ‘Financials’ screen. To
invoke this screen, click ‘Financials’ in ‘Account Details’ tab of the Account Details screen.
5-62
5.3.7.1 Financials Tab
You can specify the following details related to the customer’s income here:
The following details are captured here:
Type
Select the type of the income from the option list provided
Source
Specify the source of the income
Currency
Select the currency associated with the income, from the option list provided
Amount
Specify the amount associated with the income
Comment
Specify any remarks or comments for the income
5.3.7.2 Liability Tab
Here you can specify the following details related to the customer’s liability:
5-63
The following details are captured here:
Type
Select the type of the liability from the option list provided
Account Type
Specify the account type associated with the liability
Currency
Select the currency associated with the liability, from the option list provided
Amount
Specify the amount associated with the liability
Frequency
Select the frequency at which payments are made towards the liability. The following options are
possible:
• Daily
• Weekly
• Monthly
• Quarterly
• Half Yearly
• Yearly
5-64
Balance
Specify the current amount outstanding
Comment
Specify any remarks or comments to be associated with the liability
5.3.7.3 Other Income Tab
You can also capture the details related to other sources of income, if exists
The following details are captured here:
Seq No
Specify the sequence number here
Type
Specify the type of income here. You can also select the income type from the adjoining option
list
Currency
Specify the currency of the income here. You can also select the currency from the adjoining
option list
Amount
Specify the amount of income here
5-65
Frequency
Select the frequency of the income here from the drop-down list
Click Ok to save the details
5.3.8 Viewing Internal Rate of return Details
You can view the internal rate of return details in the ‘Internal Rate of Return Details’ screen. You
can invoke this screen by clicking the ‘Internal Rate of Return Details’ button in the ‘Account
Details’ screen.
5.3.9 Maintaining MIS Details
You can maintain MIS details in the ‘MIS’ screen. You can invoke this screen by clicking the ‘MIS’
button in the ‘Account Details’ screen.
5-66
5.3.10 Viewing General Ledger Details
You can view the general ledger details in the ‘GL Balance’ screen. You can invoke this screen
by clicking the ‘General Ledger Query’ button in the ‘Account Details’ screen.
5.3.11 Viewing Installments Details
You can view the installment details in the ‘Installment Query’ screen. You can invoke this screen
by clicking the ‘Inventory’ button in the ‘Account Details’ screen.
5-67
5.3.12 Viewing Account Status
You can view the current status of an account in the ‘Account Details’ screen. You can invoke this
screen by clicking the ‘Statistics’ button in the ‘Account Details’ screen.
Once you select an Account Number, the system displays the following details pertaining to the
current status of the account:
• Component Name
• Expected
• Overdue Amount
• Outstanding Principle
• Advance Amount
5-68
• Currency
• Number of overdue installments
The Account creation and any other change to an account is updated the audit trail of the record.
In the audit trail, the Account status details are also displayed. An Account can be active or
uninitiated. Once it is active, it can be reversed, deleted or liquidated based on the operations on
it. This is displayed on the screen.
5.3.13 Viewing Security History Details
You can view the securitization details in the ‘Security History Details’ screen. You can invoke this
screen by clicking ‘Security Details’ button in the ‘Account Details’ screen.
Here the system displays the securitization details such as Securitization Event, Status, Date and
Security Reference Number on which the loan contract has been a part.
5.3.14 Maintaining SWIFT Message Details
You can capture the SWIFT related details in this screen. You can invoke this screen by clicking
the ‘SWIFT Message Details’ button in the ‘Account Details’ screen.
5-69
5.3.15 Repayment Holiday for Amortized Loans
A loan has two formulae for the slots of simple and the amortized. Simple and amortized formulae
can occupy any position in schedules definition.
During principal repayment holiday period, interest is calculated on the simple interest formula
specified. The customer needs to repay only the interest component. Principal is amortized for
the remaining period or tenor of the loan. Principal schedule will not be present during repayment
holiday period.
The system treats instances of overdue and default as per the liquidation order maintained.
Example
Consider the following details:
Loan Amount
24000
Tenor of Loan
24 months
Rate of Interest
20%
Simple Calculation Period
06
Amortized Calculation Period
18
Loan start Date
01-Sep-2008
Loan End Date
01-Sep-2010
Interest Calculation Amortized
From 01-Sep-2008 to 01-Sep-2009
Interest Calculation Simple
From 01-Sep-2009 to 01-Mar-2010
5-70
Interest Calculation Amortized
Sl No
Instalment
Schedule Date
From 01-Mar-2010 to 01-Sep-2010
Loan Outstanding
Amount
Instalment
Amount
Repayment
Principal
Interest
1
10/1/2008
9482.13
601.2
517.87
83.33
2
11/1/2008
8962.58
601.2
519.55
81.65
3
12/1/2008
8436.07
601.2
526.51
74.69
4
1/1/2009
7907.51
601.2
528.56
72.64
5
2/1/2009
7374.4
601.2
533.11
68.09
6
3/1/2009
6830.56
601.2
543.84
57.36
7
4/1/2009
6288.18
601.2
542.38
58.82
8
5/1/2009
5739.38
601.2
548.8
52.4
9
6/1/2009
5187.6
601.2
551.78
49.42
10
7/1/2009
4629.63
601.2
557.97
43.23
11
8/1/2009
4068.3
601.2
561.33
39.87
12
9/1/2009
3502.13
601.2
566.17
35.03
13
10/1/2009
3502.13
29.18
29.18
14
11/1/2009
3502.13
30.16
30.16
15
12/1/2009
3502.13
29.18
29.18
16
1/1/2010
3502.13
30.16
30.16
17
2/1/2010
3502.13
30.16
30.16
18
3/1/2010
3502.13
27.24
27.24
19
4/1/2010
2931.09
601.2
571.04
30.16
20
5/1/2010
2354.32
601.2
576.77
24.43
21
6/1/2010
1773.39
601.2
580.93
20.27
22
7/1/2010
1186.97
601.2
586.42
14.78
23
8/1/2010
595.99
601.2
590.98
10.22
24
9/1/2010
0
601.12
595.99
5.13
5-71
Repayment amounts marked in ‘italics’ are derived using amortized formula. The remaining amounts are
derived using simple formula.
Simple interest formula cannot be used for the last payment row. The bullet schedule for interest
cannot be based on the simple interest formula. Hence the gap between the principal schedules –
01-Sep-2009 and 01-Apr-2010 – in the above example.
Now, in case of principal moratorium for a simple loan, there may be no principal schedules
present for a given period of Interest. The system calculates simple interest during principal
moratorium based on the principal outstanding amount at that time.
Example
Consider the following details:
Loan Amount
24000
Tenor of Loan
24 months
Rate of Interest
20%
Loan Start Date
01-Sep-2008
Loan End Date
01-Sep-2010
Principal Moratorium Period
From 01-Sep-2009 to 01-Apr-2010
Sl
Instalment
Loan
Instalment
Repayment
No.
Schedule Date
Outstanding Amount
Amount
Principal
Interest
1
10/1/2008
22666.67
1733.33
1333.33
400
2
11/1/2008
21333.34
1723.7
1333.33
390.37
3
12/1/2008
20000.01
1688.89
1333.33
355.56
4
1/1/2009
18666.68
1677.77
1333.33
344.44
5
2/1/2009
17333.35
1654.81
1333.33
321.48
6
3/1/2009
16000.02
1602.96
1333.33
269.63
7
4/1/2009
14666.69
1608.89
1333.33
275.56
8
5/1/2009
13333.36
1577.77
1333.33
244.44
9
6/1/2009
12000.03
1562.96
1333.33
229.63
10
7/1/2009
10666.7
1533.33
1333.33
200
11
8/1/2009
9333.37
1517.03
1333.33
183.7
12
9/1/2009
8000.04
1494.07
1333.33
160.74
5-72
Sl
Instalment
Loan
Instalment
Repayment
No.
Schedule Date
Outstanding Amount
Amount
Principal
Interest
13
10/1/2009
8000.04
133.33
0
133.33
14
11/1/2009
8000.04
137.78
0
137.78
15
12/1/2009
8000.04
133.33
0
133.33
16
1/1/2010
8000.04
137.78
0
137.78
17
2/1/2010
8000.04
137.78
0
137.78
18
3/1/2010
8000.04
124.45
0
124.45
19
4/1/2010
6666.7
1471.12
1333.34
137.78
20
5/1/2010
5333.36
1444.45
1333.34
111.11
21
6/1/2010
4000.02
1425.19
1333.34
91.85
22
7/1/2010
2666.68
1400.01
1333.34
66.67
23
8/1/2010
1333.34
1379.27
1333.34
45.93
24
9/1/2010
0
1356.3
1333.34
22.96
For further details on holiday period maintenance, please refer to the section ‘Maintaining Holiday
Periods’ in chapter ‘Maintenances and Operations’ of this user manual.
5.4
Creating a Commitment Account
A ‘commitment’ is an agreement by a bank to make available a specified amount of fund to the
borrower for a certain period of time. It is a ‘line of credit’ that is made available by the bank to a
borrower. The entire commitment amount may be disbursed in full at the time of authorization or
disbursed partially on predefined scheduled dates.
You can link a commitment to more than one loan, provided funds are available, and the loan(s)
given against the commitment amount may or may not be in the same currency. When a loan is
disbursed against a commitment, there is no movement of funds involved but only a setting aside
of funds. Hence there is no disbursement or credit to the borrower’s account.
You can create a commitment contract using the ‘Commitment Account Details’ screen. You can
invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDCMTMT’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool
bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
Click new icon in the toolbar of the screen. The system will display ‘Transaction Branch Code’
screen. Here you can select the transaction branch.
5-73
The system defaults the logged-in branch by default as the transaction branch.
Transaction Branch
Select the appropriate branch from the list of branches available in the option list.
While clicking ‘Ok’ button, the system validates the access rights of the selected branch and
function for the user. If you don’t have appropriate rights on the selected branch and function, the
system will display an error message. If you select a valid branch, the system updates the same
as transaction branch and the transaction will be posted for this branch.
You can enter details of the commitment account in the above screen. This screen is similar to
the ‘Account Details’ screen.
Allow Bulk Payment
Check this box to indicate whether the accounts under a commitment should be considered for
bulk processing. Various disbursements are allowed for a corporate customer and these are
treated as loans with separate products and EMI schedules. Assigning individual payments as
Bulk payments provides the facility of viewing multiple loans under a single commitment.
5-74
For field explanations on all tabs except Commitment tab refer section ‘Creating a Loan Account’
in this chapter.
5.4.1 Commitment Tab
To view the utilization details of the commitment contract click ‘Commitment’ tab.
You can capture the following details on this screen:
Disallow further Disbursement
If you check this option, the system will not allow further disbursements on this commitment
account. If you do not check it, the system allows further disbursements on this commitment
account. By default, the system displays the status of this box as checked. However, you can
modify this.
Mortgage Group
A mortgage in Oracle FLEXCUBE may have different repayment styles, rate conditions and
maturity conditions. By checking this option, you can use this commitment for such mortgages
with multiple repayment formula.
Last Available Date
Enter the last available date. This is the final date as of which all disbursements under this
commitment should be completed. Beyond this date, the system will not allow disbursements on
this commitment.
Loan Maturity Date
Enter the loan maturity date. All disbursements under this commitment should be matured as of
this date. For this commitment, the system will not allow disbursements with a maturity date
beyond the loan maturity date.
5-75
The following utilization details of all commitments linked against a loan account are displayed in
the above screen:
• Commit Sequence Number
• Commitment Event
• Linkage Branch Code
• Linkage Reference Number
• Linkage Date
• Linkage Event
• Linkage Event Sequence Number
• Linkage Currency
• Linkage Currency Amount
• Commit Amount
• Increase Decrease Flag
• Commit Balance
5.4.2 Applying Different Repayment Styles for a Commitment
You can have different repayment styles, rate conditions and maturity conditions for the same
mortgage account maintained in Oracle FLEXCUBE. For this, repayment of principal amount
needs to be divided into multiple disbursement slabs. You can use the following fields on the
‘Commitments’ tab to enable this feature:
• Disallow further Disbursement
• Mortgage Group
• Last Available Date
• Loan Maturity Date
Please lookup the above section ‘Commitments Tab’ for details on inputs for these fields.
Example
Consider a mortgage of 500,000 against a specific property. Based on the terms agreed upon by the bank
and the customer, you can split the mortgage principal into multiple disbursements as shown below:
Disbursement
Conditions
Disbursement of first 200,000
Interest only, variable rate, 20 years with
balloon principal repayment
Disbursement of second 200,000
Annuity (EMI type), 10 year fixed rate
Disbursement of final 100,000
Interest only, fixed rate, 5 year, balloon
repayment via insurance policy
In this case, interest repayment may be started at any point of time. However, repayment of the principal
amount can begin only after the disbursement of entire 500,000.
You can initiate closure of such mortgages only after closing all disbursements with various
conditions, i.e. after liquidation of all loan contracts. Further to closure of such mortgages, you
need to complete two housekeeping activities viz. notification to notary and release of collateral.
5-76
5.4.3 Charging Fee on Commitments
A fee is charged by the bank at the time of entering into a commitment agreement. This fee is
repayable at predefined schedules. Also there can be another fee component charged on the
amount of commitment that is utilized and un-utilized. The following SDEs are used to define fees
on utilized/un-utilized commitment amount:
• COMMITMENT_UTILIZED
• COMMITMENT_UNUTILIZED
For more details on maintaining SDEs refer section ‘Maintaining System Data Elements’ in the
Chapter ‘Maintenances and Operations’ of this User Manual.
5.4.4 Processing Events for a Commitment
The following events are triggered by the system during the different stages of a commitment
contract:
• DSBR Event – DSBR event is triggered for a commitment when the commitment amount
is disbursed. It can be auto or manual.. There is no movement of funds involved but only a
setting aside of funds. Only such disbursed amount is available for linking to a CL Loan
account. Entire commitment amount may be disbursed in full at the time of authorization or
disbursed partially on scheduled dates as defined. You can choose to have an automatic
disbursement or manual disbursement for the commitment contract. System validates any
physical transfer of funds when DSBR event is triggered. Reversal of DSBR Event in
Commitment Contract is not permitted if the commitment available amount falls below the
utilized amount.
• ACCR Event - ACCR event is triggered when you define an INTEREST component for
collecting fees on the un-utilized commitment on a periodic basis. The fees may be
collected automatically or manually as defined in the product.
• LINK Event – LINK event is triggered when a Loan Account is linked and disbursed
against a Commitment. This results in increasing the utilization of the commitment amount
and availability of the same comes down. Contingent entries which are passed when the
commitment contract is initiated are reversed when this event is triggered up to the extent
of the linked amount.
• DLNK Event – DLINK event is triggered when payment is made for a loan account which
is linked to a Commitment contract of revolving type. This happens only if the payment is
done before the validity period of the commitment contract. Once the commitment contract
is liquidated, payment does not result in triggering of DLNK event. This results in
decreasing of utilization of the commitment amount and availability of the same is
increased. Contingent entries are passed when a DLNK event is fired, upto the extent of
the delinked amount.
• CLOC Event - CLOC event is triggered when the contingent entries are reversed upto the
extent of unutilized commitment amount and the contract is marked as liquidated, on the
maturity date of a commitment contract. The Commitment contract will not be liquidated if
there is any outstanding fee. This happens during end of day batch processing. All the
commitment contracts with maturity date as of today are marked as liquidated during End
of Day processing. Contingent entries for the un-utilized commitment funds are reversed.
• VAMI – VAMI event is triggered when an amendment is done in the commitment.
5-77
• ROLL - ROLL event is triggered if a rollover is done in the commitment account. You can
choose to liquidate the principal component of the loan account and then the system
triggers the DLNK event fire in the commitment contract. You can also choose to increase
the principal, in such case the LINK event is triggered in the commitment contract. You
can also choose to increase the linkage amount or add a new commitment. LINK event is
triggered for the newly linked commitment. DLNK event is triggered for the Old De- linked
commitment.
• NOVA – NOVA event is triggered when you change the customer during reassignment in
commitment. However, in case of loan account, if NOVA is triggered, DLNK is fired in
commitment. In this case DLNK event is triggered for the previous commitment contract
and LINK event is triggered for the new commitment contract.
• RNOG - RNOG event is triggered when principal liquidation and principal increase is done
in commitment. The LINK event is triggered when principal is increased in loan account
during RNOG and DLNK event is triggered when Principal liquidation is done.
5.4.5 Viewing Commitment Account Details
You can view the commitment account details using ‘Commitment Summary’ screen. To invoke
this screen, type ‘CLSCMTMT’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and
click the adjoining arrow button.
You can click ‘Search’ button to view all the pending functions. However, you can to filter your
search based on any of the following criteria:
Account Number
Select the account number from the option list.
5-78
Customer Id
Select the customer id from the option list.
Value Date
Specify the value date.
Amount
Select the amount financed.
User Defined Status
Select the user defined status from the option list.
Account Status
Select the status of the account from the drop-down list.
Branch Code
Select the branch code from the option list.
Product Code
Select the product code from the option list.
Maturity Date
Specify the value date.
Currency
Select the currency of the transaction from the option list.
Alternate Account Number
Select the alternate account number from the option list.
Authorization Status
Select the authorization status of the contract from the drop-down list.
When you click ‘Search’ button the records matching the specified search criteria are displayed.
For each record fetched by the system based on your query criteria, the following details are
displayed:
•
Account Number
•
Branch Code
•
Customer Id
•
Product Code
•
Value Date
•
Maturity Date
•
Amount Financed
•
Currency
5-79
•
•
User Defined Status
•
Alternate Account Number
•
Account Status
Authorization Status
Click ‘Advanced Search’ to display the screen below:
You can query a contract based on any of the following details:
5.5
•
Account Number
•
Branch Code
•
Customer Id
•
Product Code
•
Value Date
•
Maturity Date
•
Amount Financed
•
Currency
•
User Defined Status
•
Alternate Account Number
•
Account Status
•
Authorization Status
Authorizing Loan/Commitment Account
After entering the loan/commitment account details click ‘Save’ icon to save the account details.
To authorize an account, click ‘Authorize’ icon on the Application toolbar. The ‘Account
Authorization’ screen is displayed.
5-80
The loan account number and the branch details are defaulted here.
The following detail needs to be selected, as required:
Generate Message
Check this box if you want swift messages to be generated either for a customer transfer or a
bank transfer along with a cover. The generated message can be viewed in the messages
browser. Even if the box is left unchecked you can go to messages browser at a later point of
time and generate the message.
If the message generation fails for some reason, the account is authorized and you have to go to
the browser to manually generate the swift message.
All other advices related to BOOK/INIT/DSBR events are not generated at this point and you
need to go to the message browser to do the same.
Note the following
You cannot authorise a contract from the contract screen in the following cases:
• the contract has multilevel of authorization pending, the same will be done using the
‘Multilevel Authorization Detailed’ screen
• the level of authorization is greater than or equal to ‘N’
5-81
•
the ‘Nth’ or the final level of the users authorization limit is less than the difference
between amount financed and sum of the limits of all the users involved in authorizing a
transaction, this case holds good when the ‘Cumulative’ field is checked in the ‘Product
Transaction Limits Maintenance’ screen
• the transaction amount is greater than the authorizer’s authorization limit if the
‘Cumulative’ field is unchecked in the ‘Product Transaction Limits Maintenance’ screen
5.6 Multilevel Authorization of a Contract
High value transactions may require multilevel of authorization. The levels of authorizations are
defined in the ‘Product Transaction Limits’ screen. You can use the ‘Multilevel Authorization
Detailed’ screen for authoring a contract n-1 times. However, final authorization can take place
only in the contract screen.
For more details, refer the ‘Multilevel Authorization of Contract/Loan Account’ section in the
‘Procedures’ User Manual.
5.7
Viewing Details of CL Accounts Linked to L/C
You can query CL accounts linked to the L/C in the ‘Commitment/Limits Summary’ screen. You
can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLSENTTY’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application
tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
You can query a record using the following options:
• Base Entity Type
• Commitment Limit Number
5-82
• Customer Identification
• User Defined Status
• Account Status
• Branch
• Product Code
• Maturity Date
• Currency
• Alternate Account Number
• Authorization Status
The following details get displayed:
• Account Number
• Branch
• Customer Identification
• Product Code
• Value Date
• Maturity Date
• Amount Financed
• Currency
• User Defined Status
• Account Status
• Alternate Account Number
• Authorization Status
In this screen, click a child record to invoke ‘Account Details’ screen.
5.8
Manual Confirmation by Notary
Usually a notary confirms the collaterals (linked to the loan) before loan account creation. In case,
the confirmation from notary is not received before loan account creation, you can initiate
confirmation manually using the ‘Manual Notary Confirmation’ screen. You can invoke this screen
by typing ‘CLDNOCON’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking
the adjoining arrow button.
5-83
You need to specify the following details here:
Branch Code
Specify the unique identifier of the branch where the loan account (for which notary confirmation
needs to be updated) is created. The adjoining option list displays all branches maintained in the
system. You can select the appropriate one.
Account Number
Specify the loan account number / commitment account number for which notary confirmation
needs to be updated. The adjoining option list displays all loan accounts/commitment accounts
(for which the “Notary Confirmation Required” check box is checked at the product level,and
“Notary Pre Confirmed” check box is unchecked at the account level) maintained in the system.
You can select the appropriate one.
Notary Confirmation Date
The system displays the current system date as the date of confirmation.
Notary Status
Select the notary status from the adjoining drop-down list. This list displays the following values:
• Confirmed
• Reject
If the notary status is ‘Confirmed’, then the system will trigger NCON event during authorization. If
the notary status is ‘Reject’, the system will trigger NREJ event which in turn triggers the reversal
of the contract during authorization.
Remarks
Enter the remarks for confirming or rejecting the collateral details.
5-84
5.8.1 Viewing Accounts Linked to Loans/Commitments
Retail lending accounts linked to a loan or commitment can be queried for by using the
Limit/Commitment summary screen.
To invoke this screen type in ‘CLSENTTY’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool
bar and click the adjoining arrow button.
You can select a particular record to view based on the limit/commitment parameters fed in the
screen and the base entity type.
To view a particluar record from the list click on the desired record from the list displayed. Only
the detailed records of the accounts for teh current branch are available for view.
5-85
6. Capturing Additional Details for a Loan
6.1
Introduction
The buttons on the ‘Account Details’ screen enable you to invoke a number of functions vital to
the processing of a Loan account.
These buttons have been briefly described below.
Buttons
Description
MIS
Click this button to define MIS details for the Loan.
GL Balance
Click this button to view the GL balances for the various components
that are defined for an account.
IRR Details
Click this button to view the IRR value for the chosen component for
different effective dates.
Events
Click this button to view the details of the events and accounting entries
that a contract involves.
Installment
Click this button to view the installment details for the Loan.
Swift Msg
Details
Click this button to view the swift message details pertaining to any
transaction on the account
OFAC Check
Click this button to call the OFAC service and view the Response from
the OFAC system.
6-1
Enter valid inputs into all the mandatory fields or you will not be able to save the loan contract.
After making the mandatory entries for the Loan account, save the account details by either
clicking save icon in the toolbar or selecting Save from the Actions menu.
A contract that you have entered should be authorized by a user bearing a different Login ID,
before the EOD is run.
You have the option to amend all the unauthorized entries made for a Loan. However, after
authorization, certain fields cannot be amended.
Click ‘Exit’ or ‘Cancel’ to go back to the Application Browser.
6.2
Viewing MIS Details of the Loan
Click ‘MIS’ button to view the MIS details screen. This is a view only screen, which provides a
MIS details for an account.
For more details on this screen refer section ‘Defining MIS details for an account or contract’ in
the chapter ‘Defining MIS Details for a Customer, Account Class, Account, Product, and Contract’
in the ‘Management Information System’ User Manual.
6.3
Viewing Account GL Balance
Click ‘GL Balance’ button to view the GL details screen. This is a view only screen, which
provides a single snapshot of the latest GL balances for the various components that are defined
for an account.
6-2
The information displayed includes:
Account Details
• Branch Code: The branch code of the account maintained in the valid tables of consumer
lending.
• Account No: Applicant’s account number, which is auto generated if it is so maintained
under the branch parameter.
• Alt Account No: Alternate account number of the applicant.
• Customer Id: Applicant’s customer Id
• Product Code: Product code of the product associated with the account, defaulted from
Product definition.
• Product Category: The product category availed by the customer.
• Amount Financed: The total loan amount
• Currency: Currency in which the transaction will be conducted for the account.
• Value Date: value date for the account.
• Maturity Date: Maturity date for the loan account.
Components
• Component Name: Name of the component defined for the product to which the account is
linked.
• Description: Component description as defined at the Product level.
6-3
GL Details
• GL Code: This is the account head to which the component will be dr / cr. This is defined
at the product level.
• Type: GL category as defined in the GL chart of accounts
• Status: GL type as defined in the GL chart of accounts
• Balance: GL balance in terms of the account currency
• Lcy Balance: GL balance in terms of the local currency
6.4
Viewing Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Details
Click the ‘IRR Details’ button and invoke the ‘IRR Details’ screen. This screen displays the IRR
value for the chosen component for different effective dates. The values are displayed in the
descending order of the dates.
The following details are displayed here:
• Effective Date of the interest rate
• The interest rate
6-4
6.5
Capturing Swift Message Details
You can view the swift message details pertaining to any transaction on the account in the ‘Swift
Msg Details’ button.
The following swift message related details can be viewed in the above screen:
• Branch Code
• Account Number
• Benficiary Institution
• Sender to Receiver Info
• Message Details
• Payment Details
• Charge Details
• Ordering Institution
• Ordering customer
• Intermediary Reim Institution
• Ultimate Beneficiary
• Beneficiary Institution for Cover
• Receiver Correspondence
• Ace with Institution
• Intermediary
Swift messages are not generated in the following situations:
• Settlement Instructions are not maintained
• Settlement Instructions are maintained but ‘Payment By’ for ‘Pay leg’ is not ‘Message’.
• Settlement Instructions are maintained but the Receiver is not a Bank at the time of saving
the account/manual disbursement.
6-5
• Settlement Details are changed during manual disbursement to have settlement mode
other than Savings/Checking.
• The credit settlement account is a GL
• The message is manually suppressed
6.6
Viewing Installment Details
Click ‘Installment’ button to access the Installment query screen. The installment query screen
displays the details of the installments for the account. The information displayed includes the
account details, installment details and the installment summary.
You can invoke the ‘Installment Query’ screen by typing ‘CLDINSQR’ in the field at the top right
corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
The following installment details are displayed:
Account Details
The following account details are displayed:
• Branch Code: The branch code of the account maintained in the valid tables of consumer
lending.
• Customer Id: Applicant’s customer Id as maintained in the valid table.
• Account Number: Applicant’s account number, which is auto generated if it is so
maintained under the branch parameter.
• Alt Account Number: Alternate account number of the applicant.
• Application Number: The application number of the customer.
• Amount Financed: The total loan amount as maintained in the valid table.
• Currency: Currency in which the transaction will be conducted for the account.
• Product Code: Product code of the product associated with the account, defaulted from
Product definition.
6-6
• Maturity Date: Maturity date for the loan account.
• Value Date: value date for the account.
• User Defined Status: the user defined status for the account.
• Available Credit Limit: the latest available amount that is available for utilization.
• Amount Utilized: the latest utilized amount, i.e., the principal outstanding for the loan
account.
• Unbilled Utilization: the sum of amount utilized after billed date. The system will display
this value only for open line loans.
Installment Summary
The following installment summary details are displayed:
• Due Date: Installment due date.
• Currency: currency for the installment.
• Total Amount Due: Total amount due for the installment.
• Minimum Amount Due: This is applicable only for those installments with schedule due
that are past branch date (billed installments). The system will display this value only for
open line loans.
• Pay By Date: The system will display this value only for open line loans.
Installment Detail
The following installment details are displayed:
• Component Name: Names of all the components that make up a particular installment.
• Amount Due: Amounts due for each of the components of a particular installment.
• Status: Installment status based on the status maintained at the installment level in the
product.
6.7
Viewing Events Diary Details
An ‘event’ may be defined as any action starting from application entry to collections. This module
captures the details of events applicable to the account. The screen displays both processed and
unprocessed events.
6-7
The following details are displayed here:
• Branch Code: The branch code of the account maintained in the valid tables of consumer
lending.
• Account Number: Applicant’s account number, which is auto generated if it is so
maintained under the branch parameter.
• Alt Account Number: Alternate account number of the applicant.
• Application Number: The application number captured at the time of loan initiation.
• Customer Id: Applicant’s customer Id.
• Product Code: Product code of the product associated with the account, defaulted from
Product definition.
• Product Category: The product category availed by the customer.
• Amount Financed: The total loan amount.
• Currency: Currency in which the transaction will be conducted for the account.
• Down Payment Amount: The amount paid by the customer upfront. This is used for
information only.
• Maturity Date: Maturity date for the loan account.
• Value Date: value date for the account.
• User defined status: The user defined status for the account.
6.7.1 Processed Tab
The processed events are all the events which have already taken place. This displays the details
like the sequence number of the event. The date on which the event was processed, the value
date, the event code, the cutoff status, and a brief description of the event. The screen also
displays the details of the events according to the events selected.
6-8
The following details are displayed here:
Events
• Sequence No: The sequence number for the account.
• Processed Date: The date on which the event takes place. It is the same as system date.
• Value Date: The value date of the events as maintained in the valid table that is captured
during application entry.
• Code: Event code.
• Description: Description for the event occurred.
Advices
• DCN: System generated number for reference.
• Message Type: Type of advice generated for the event. This is applicable only if
maintained at the product level for the particular event.
Entries
• Dr/Cr: This field indicates if the event occurring is a Debit or Credit event.
• Branch: The branch in which the event occurred. This is defaulted from the Consumer
Lending module.
• Account: The number of the account affected by the event as maintained in the valid table.
• Ccy: The currency involved in the event
• Event Fcy Amt: Foreign currency amount involved with the event, if any
• Exch Rate: Exchange rate associated with the account
• Event Lcy Amt: Local currency amount involved with the event, if any. These events are
maintained in the Event entries table.
• Value Date: Value date for the event as maintained in the valid date captured during the
application entry.
6-9
• Trn Date: Event transaction date. It is same as the system date.
• Entry Fcy Amt: Netted entry log for the foreign currency amount. These values are stored
in the daily logs.
• Entry Lcy Amt: Netted entry log for the local currency amount. These values are stored in
the daily logs.
• Trn Code: Transaction code
• Amount Tag: Amount tag for the transacted amount
• Event Seq Number: Event sequence number
• Event: Event name and identifier
• GAAP indicator: Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) applicable for the
accounting entry
6.7.1.1 Viewing Event Checklist
Event checklist is a list of items that pops up when an online function is triggered.
6.7.1.2 Archiving Processed Events
You can archive processed records from the events diary using the ‘Retail Lending - Bank
Parameters’ screen.
6-10
In this screen, you can specify the following parameters to archive processed events:
Reference Date
This is the first date on which the archival will be initiated. If this date is NULL, no archival will be
done.
Frequency
This is the frequency for archival. The options in the drop down list are:
• Daily
• Monthly
• Yearly
Unit
This is a numeric value. Let us suppose you select the frequency as Daily and Unit as 5. In this
case archival will be done every 5th day.
A batch process will execute the archival by end of day. However, if you do not specify the
parameters, archival will not be executed.
A batch process will execute the archival by end of day. However, if you do not specify the
above parameters, archival will not be executed.
6.7.2 Unprocessed Tab
The Unprocessed event screen has all the details of the overdue and the Due events for the
account.
6-11
The following details are displayed:
Overdue Events
An event which has crossed the due date becomes an overdue event. The number of days after
the due date is used by the bank to calculate penalty for the event.
The following Overdue event details are displayed:
Overdue Events
• Code: Unique event code
• Date: Date on which event occurred
• Description: Brief event description
Components
Component name: Name of the component affected by the event.
Due Events
The date on which the event is supposed to take place is the due date of the event. In case of
repayments, the customer is informed by the bank regarding the due date.
The following details are displayed:
Due Events
• Code: Unique event code.
• Date: Date on which event occurred.
• Description: Brief event description.
6-12
Components
Component name: Name of the component affected by the event.
6.7.3 Querying Account Details
Oracle FLEXCUBE allows you to query the following account related details:
• A particular or all accounts of a customer – This is done using the ‘Customer Summary
Query’ screen. The records are displayed product wise, module wise, accounting class
wise and also based on external account types. You can narrow down the query by double
clicking on a record and navigating to its account details.
• Accounting entries for a loan account – This is done using the ‘Customer Account
Transaction Query’ screen.
• The liability details of a customer or an account or the details of a transaction involving a
particular limit line – This is done using the ‘Liability Query’ screen.
6.8
Viewing OFAC Check Response
OFAC check enables the application to call an external web service to perform black list check for
customer and customer accounts and give warnings appropriately while transacting with black
listed customers. You can also capture your remarks before overriding the black list warning.
Click ‘OFAC Check’ button in ‘Bills and Collections - Contract Input - Detailed’ screen to view the
OFAC check response in the ‘External System Detail’ screen On clicking ’OFAC Check’ button,
system will build the request XML and call the web service. The ‘External System details’ screen
displays the response is received from the external system and you will be also allowed to enter
your remarks in this screen. The response received will also be sent to Oracle FLEXCUBE
Database layer for any further interpretations of the same.
Here, you can view /capture the following details:
6-13
External System Response
The response from the external system regarding the black listed customer is displayed here.
User Remarks
Specify your remarks regarding the black listed customer here.
6.9
Inactive Loans
During Loan processing, it is required to capture loan details and not initiate till verification of
documents, etc. This module creates a loan account in an inactive state. Inactive loans are input
by a separate screen similar to the Accounts screen or by Uploads. After manual verification the
account is entered as an inactive account. The account is activated once the requisite documents
are received.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDINADT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
The system captures the following details and generates an inactive account:
• Loan Reference Number
• Schedule Dates
• Charges
• Installment Amounts
Modifications are allowed on inactive loans even after authorization and there are no restrictions
on inactive loans modifications. Loan details are handed off to other systems. Messages such as
Loan advice or Promissory Notes can also be generated.
6-14
6.9.1 Operations on Inactive Loans
It is possible to modify an inactive loan and save it even after authorization. When the account is
activated it will be an unauthorized account and behaves like an account directly created
/uploaded into the system. It is possible to delete the same too. The user can change all loan
account properties.
Click ‘Active Account’ button to activate the loan. This changes the funded status of the loan.
Once activated, the account cannot be deleted after authorization and cannot be unlocked after
one save.
Accounting entries and limit updates are not called when the loan is inactive. Accounts queries do
not display inactive accounts and Inactive accounts views do not show active accounts.
If an account is created after its value date, it behaves as a Back valued loan entry. If it is created
after its maturity date, it behaves like an overdue account.
Inactive loans are created with a sequence that is different from the account mask maintained.
Upon activation, the account mask is used to create a new account. Hence the account number
of an activated account differs from its inactive version.
6.9.1.1 Activating Loans and Limit Earmarking
Inactive loans are activated by clicking on Activate Account button or through an upload. Upon
loan activation, Limits Utilizations are updated. Accounting entries are passed for disbursement
and for any upfront changes as defined in the product.
The earmarked amount field shows the total earmarking and an earmarking reference number is
captured. Upon the actual loan initiation, utilization is made on the line and real entries passed.
6.9.1.2 Deleting Inactive Loan
Inactive loans can be deleted even after the authorization of Inactive loan account. In Bank
Parameters, Site specific parameters are provided to control the automatic deletion of Inactive
loans. An Inactive Loan processing supports this deletion.
6.10 Loan Simulation
You can simulate loans to answer customer queries especially for new loans and pre-paid loans.
The payment schedules of any type of Loan Products can be generated while negotiating with
clients during the Presale stage.
6.10.1 Simulating a Loan
You can use the ‘Account Simulation’ screen to simulate a loan. This screen is similar to the
Account Details screen. You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDSIMDT’ in the field at the top
right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
Click new icon in the toolbar of the screen or select ‘New’ from the Actions menu in the
Application toolbar. The system will display ‘Transaction Branch Code’ screen. Here you can
select the transaction branch.
6-15
The system defaults the logged-in branch by default as the transaction branch.
Transaction Branch
Select the appropriate branch from the list of branches available in the option list.
While clicking ‘Ok’ button, the system validates the access rights of the selected branch and
function for the user. If you don’t have appropriate rights on the selected branch and function, the
system will display an error message. If you select a valid branch, the system updates the same
as transaction branch and the transaction will be posted for this branch.
Simulation will function in exactly the same way as a regular loan input. All warnings and
overrides associated with an actual contract save will come in a simulation. For e.g., if the loan
results in the overdrawing of the customers loan line, then an Override is thrown up. However, no
data will be stored in Oracle FLEXCUBE.
Click ‘Create Active Account’ button to create a loan directly from the simulator. Only users with
rights to invoke Oracle FLEXCUBE loan creation function will be allowed to create loans from the
simulation function. The sequence of the Loan account thus created is based on the branch level
account mask maintained.
Similarly, click ‘Create Inactive Account’ button to actually create an inactive account based on
the simulated data.
6-16
A separate Sequence number is provided to create reference numbers for Simulations. These are
one time reference numbers for simulation purposes only and are not used for final loan. The
User Defined Reference Number facility of Oracle FLEXCUBE is used to create Loan Simulation
Sequences.
If the simulator is launched from Oracle FLEXCUBE, simulations can be run several times to
examine the impact of different parameters on the loan. If the simulator is invoked from a
channel, all parameters should be specified afresh for each invocation.
Loan advices can be printed from the screen based on the loan account simulated. This is
allowed for loan accounts created in the system prior to their being initiated. Subsequently,
advices configured through the events screen will be triggered.
6.10.2 Simulating a Commitment
You can use the ‘Commitment Simulation’ screen to simulate a Commitment. You can invoke this
screen by typing ‘CLDSCOMT’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and
clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
Create Active account and Create Inactive account buttons are disabled for commitment
simulation.
For field explanations on all tabs except Commitment tab refer section ‘Creating a Loan Account’
in this chapter.
For Commitment tab details refer section ‘Viewing Commitment Details’ in the ‘Account Creation’
chapter.
6.11 Triggering of UDE based MT299 SWIFT Message
In addition to the aforementioned stages in a loan or commitment cycle, you are allowed to define
some other stages in the loan or commitment cycle.
6-17
You need to do the following setting to the ‘User Defined Events’ screen so that loan and
commitment accounts can be selected and events can be triggered manually.
You can define the events through the ‘User defined Events’ screen. You can invoke this screen
by typing ‘UDDEVMNT’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking
on the adjoining arrow button.
In this screen, you need to enter the following details:
UDE Advice Definition
If you wish to create a message type using ‘Message Type Maintenance’ screen, set ‘UDE
Advice Definition’ to ‘Yes’.
For more details on this screen refer section ‘Indicating the Event Details’ in the chapter ‘User
Defined Events’ in the ‘Modularity’ User Manual.
You can define the message types through the ‘Message Type Maintenance’ screen. You can
invoke this screen by typing ‘MSDMSTYP’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool
bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
6-18
In this screen, you need to enter the following details:
Message Type
The message type should be of the nomenclature CL_ADV_<<UDE Event>>.
For E.g. the ‘Message Type’ is CL_ADV_TEST where TEST is the ‘Event Code’ maintained
under ‘User Defined Events’ screen.
For more details on this screen refer section ‘Maintaining Message Types’ in the chapter
‘Maintaining Messaging Branch Preferences’ in the ‘Messaging System’ User Manual.
You can define the format for the advices through the ‘Advice Format Maintenance’ screen.
6-19
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘MSDADVFT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
In this screen, you need to enter the following details:
Format
You can maintain a unique format for each message type for a combination of Branch, Module,
and Product.
Currency
You can set currency as ‘ALL’.
Media
You set media as ‘SWIFT’.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDPRMNT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
6-20
Event Tab
The path of XML based on which the dynamic package corresponding to the advice format will be
generated, will be available in global ALL_DIRECTORIES view under the directory name:
ADV_XMLDIR.
For Each message format, an XML should be created and placed in that folder.
6-21
The advice format will be mapped to the user defined event at the loan product maintenance level
as shown below:
For the purpose of generation of messages in MT299 format, the media type will be hard coded
as ‘SWIFT’
For more details on this screen refer section ‘Events Tab’ in the chapter ‘Defining Product
Categories and Products’ in this User Manual.
You can maintain the receiver of the user defined advice as the counter party or the owner of the
Settlement account through the ‘Receiver Mapping’ screen. You can invoke this screen by typing
‘UDDRXMAP’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking on the
adjoining arrow button.
For the branch and message type combination, the user can set the receiver, which can be either
Counterparty or settlement account i.e. all parties involved in the settlements.
6-22
Receiver
Specify whether the receiver of the user defined advice is a ‘Counterparty’ or the owner of the
‘Settlement Account’. Based on this, the advices generated will be sent either to the counter party
or to the owner of the settlement account.
For more details on this screen refer section ‘Maintaining the Receiver Mapping’ in the chapter
‘User Defined Events’ in the ‘Modularity’ User Manual.
Each of the configured stages through which a loan or commitment account will be moved,
should be captured as user-defined events and should be configured for manual triggering. To
invoke this screen click on the ‘Defaults’ button in the User Defined Events screen.
In this screen, you need to enter the following details:
Event Trigger
The event, which you are defining, should be triggered manually
For more details on this screen refer section ‘Indicating the Event Details’ in the chapter ‘User
Defined Events’ in the ‘Modularity’ User Manual.
The user-defined events for each account will be triggered using the ‘Event Details’ screen by
clicking ‘Events’ button in the ‘User defined Event Triggering’ screen. On authorizing the triggered
events, the messages linked at the product level for the triggered event will be created.
6-23
For more details on this screen refer section ‘Manual triggering of Events’ in the chapter ‘User
Defined Module’ in the ‘Modularity’ User Manual.
You can generate messages from the Outgoing Browser at any time in the day. You can invoke
the ‘Outgoing Message Browser Summary’ screen by typing ‘MSSOUBRS’ in the field at the top
right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
After authorization of the triggered event by the user, the messages need to be generated from
the ‘Outgoing Message Browser Summary’ screen. This activity can be done any time. The
generated message will be sent to EMS.
6-24
After authorization of the triggered event by the user, the messages need to be generated from
this screen. This activity can be done any time. The generated message will be sent to EMS.
For more details on this screen refer section ‘Manual Generation of Outgoing Messages’ in the
chapter ‘Processing Outgoing Messages’ in the ‘Messaging System’ user manual under
‘Modularity’
6-25
7. Making Manual Disbursements
7.1
Introduction
The Consumer Lending Module of Oracle FLEXCUBE supports the following modes for loan
disbursements:
• Auto
• Manual
If you select the mode ‘Auto’, the system will automatically disburse the loans based on the
disbursement schedule defined for the product.
In the manual mode, disbursement happens on demand. In this case, disbursement schedules
need not be maintained for the ‘PRINCIPAL’ component. Also, you can collect any applicable
charges related to the disbursement at the time of making the disbursement. These charges are
defined at the product level.
You have to specify the disbursement mode as a preference at the time of setting up a Consumer
Lending product in the system.
If you have selected the ‘Group/CIF’ status processing option at the branch parameters level
and a manual disbursal results in a status change for the account, then the status change
processing will be done only during the end-of-day batch processing. The process will work as
follows:
• The current status for the account is updated in the ‘Derived Status’ field
• The ‘User Defined Status’ for the account is updated with the worst status that is available
for all accounts and loans for this CIF within the branch
• The required accounting entries for the status change are posted
Refer the section titled ‘Disbursement Mode preferences’ in the ‘Defining Product Categories and
Products’ chapter of this User Manual for details.
7.2
Disbursing Loan through the ‘Manual’ Mode
You can initiate a manual disbursement through the ‘Manual disbursement’ screen You can
invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDMNDSB’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool
bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
7-1
To begin the disbursement, click on the New icon in the toolbar of the screen or select ‘New’ from
the Actions Menu. Enter the account number and click the ‘Default’ button. The system defaults
the details based on product definition and the account maintained by the bank for the account.
You can modify the relevant details.
The system will display ‘Transaction Branch Code’ screen. Here you can select the transaction
branch.
The system defaults the logged-in branch by default as the transaction branch.
Transaction Branch
Select the appropriate branch from the list of branches available in the option list.
While clicking ‘Ok’ button, the system validates the access rights of the selected branch and
function for the user. If you don’t have appropriate rights on the selected branch and function, the
system will display an error message. If you select a valid branch, the system updates the same
as transaction branch and the transaction will be posted for this branch.
The following information gets defaulted to the screen:
Branch Code
The code of the login/sign-on branch is displayed here. However, you can select a different
branch from the option list provided. It is the branch where the loan account of the customer
resides.
7-2
Account Number
Select the Loan Account of the customer to which the disbursement is made. All valid accounts
are available in the option list. Select the appropriate one from this list.
Customer Name
The name of the customer holding the loan account will be displayed here.
Component Name
All disbursements are made towards the PRINCIPAL component. You cannot change the
component.
Value Date
This is the date when the credit entry (for the disbursement amount) is posted to the Cr
Settlement Bridge. The current system date is displayed here.
Execution Date
This is the date on which the disbursement is booked in the system. The current system date is
displayed here. You may change the date to a date in the future before the maturity date of the
loan.
Reference Number
This is auto generated and used as a reference to identify the transaction in the system.
Capture the following details in the screen:
Remarks
Capture any additional information about the disbursements, if required.
Total Amount
This displays the sum total of the amount disbursed across the various settlement modes. It gets
incremented by the amount settled.
On saving the disbursement after entering all the required details in the system, the system
validates the value of the amount to be disbursed against the following:
• Product transaction limit
• User Input limit
If the transaction currency and the limit currency are different, then the system converts the
amount financed to limit currency and checks if the same is in excess of the product transaction
limit and user input limit. If this holds true, the system indicates the same with below
override/error messages:
• Number of levels required for authorizing the transaction
• Transaction amount is in excess of the input limit of the user
Disbursement Details
The following disbursement details have to be captured in the ‘Disbursement Details’ section of
the screen:
7-3
Reversed
When you reverse a manual disbursement, the system automatically checks this option to denote
that the particular settlement mode has been reversed.
For reversing a disbursal, a different event, REVD (Reverse Disbursement) is triggered.
Settle Mode
You can make disbursements either through a single mode or by using multiple modes of
settlement, depending on the customer’s requirement.
The settlement details that need to be captured depend on the mode you select. The list of
modes and the applicable settlement details are given below:
• Savings/Checking
¾
¾
Settlement Branch
Settlement Account
• Clearing
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
Upload Source
Instrument Number
Clearing Product
End Point
Routing Number
Clearing Bank
Clearing Branch
Sector Code
• External Account
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
Upload Source
Product Category
Clearing Bank Code
Clearing Branch Code
External Account Name
External Account Number
• Instrument
¾
¾
¾
Instrument Number
Settlement Branch
Settlement Account
• Cash/Teller
¾
¾
Upload Source
Settlement Product
Atleast one mode is mandatory to make a disbursement.
Settle Ccy
After specifying the settlement mode for the disbursement, select the currency in which the
disbursement is to be made. The currencies allowed for the branch are available in the option list
provided.
7-4
Amount Settled
Here, you have to capture the disbursement amount that is to be settled through the selected
mode in the selected currency.
The ‘Total Amount’ gets incremented by the amount settled and displays the sum total of the
amount disbursed across the various settlement modes.
Original Exchange Rate
The base or actual exchange rate between the account currency and settlement currency gets
displayed here.
This information is applicable if the Mode Currency is different from the Loan Currency. The
exchange rate that is defaulted from the Standard Exchange Rate Maintenance is used to convert
the disbursement amount to the Loan Currency equivalent.
Refer the section titled ‘Exchange Rate Preferences’ in the ‘Defining Product Categories and
Products’ chapter of this User Manual for details.
Exchange Rate
For a customer availing any Relationship Pricing scheme, the customer specific exchange rate
derived by adding the original exchange rate and the customer spread maintained for the
relationship pricing scheme gets displayed here.
If Relationship Pricing is not applicable, Exchange Rate will be the same as the Original
Exchange Rate.
You can change the defaulted rate provided the change is within the variance level maintained for
the underlying product.
For more details on customer specific exchange rates, refer the section titled ‘Specifying Pricing
Benefit Details’ in Relationship Pricing user manual.
Loan Ccy Equiv
As mentioned above, if the Mode Currency and Loan Currency are different, the system
calculates the Loan Currency equivalent using the exchange rate applicable for the currency pair.
Negotiated Cost Rate
Specify the negotiated cost rate that should be used for foreign currency transactions between
the treasury and the branch. You need to specify the rate only when the currencies involved in
the transaction are different. Otherwise, it will be a normal transaction.
Negotiation Reference Number
Specify the reference number that should be used for negotiation of cost rate, in foreign currency
transaction. If you have specified the negotiated cost rate, then you need to specify the
negotiated reference number also.
Oracle FLEXCUBE books then online revaluation entries based on the difference in
exchange rate between the negotiated cost rate and transaction rate.
Branch Profit for Non Negotiated Transactions
There can be two situations in profit calculation of non negotiated transactions:
7-5
•
Transaction involves two foreign currencies
•
Transaction involves a foreign currency and a local currency
Methods of profit calculation are different based on the currencies involved as discussed in the
following examples.
Examples
1 - Profit Calculation of Non Negotiated Transactions Involving a Foreign Currency and a Local
Currency
Consider a loan transaction. The currency of the loan is USD and that of the settlement account is AED. The
loan amount is 10,000 USD and the transaction is booked at an exchange rate of 3.55.
The mid rate for the revaluation rate code for USD-AED pair is maintained as 3.60 in Currency Rates
Maintenance with a buy spread of 0.05 and a sell spread of 0.05. Hence, the cost rate for the branch for this
transaction will be 1 USD = 3.60 AED.
The system will pass the following accounting entries in this case.
Dr/Cr
Account
Ccy
FCY Amount
LCY Amount
Dr
Asset-1
USD
10,000
35500
Cr
Customer-1
AED
35500
As a result of this transaction, the branch has made a profit of 500 AED.
10000 x (3.60 – 3.55) = 500
The loan product used for the contract needs to be configured for online revaluation. This will enable the
profit of 500 AED to be booked at the time of creation of the contract itself.
The system will pass the following additional accounting entries.
Dr/Cr
Account
Ccy
FCY Amount
LCY Amount
Dr
Asset-1
USD
500
Cr
Income-1
AED
500
You need to maintain the Income/Expense accounts used for booking the branch profit/loss (Income-1, in
the above example). As part of the product setup, you need to maintain these general ledgers for online
revaluation.
2 - Profit Calculation of Non Negotiated Transactions Involving Two Foreign Currencies
Consider the case of liquidation of an import bill. The currency for the bill is GBP and that of the settlement
account is USD.
The system uses USD as the through currency to derive the exchange rate of GBP against AED. The rates
of exchange for GBP-USD and USD-AED pairs are maintained in the system as given below:
For GBP-USD pair Mid Rate - 1 GBP = 1.5651 USD
Buy Spread = 0.10
Sell Spread = 0.10.
Hence,
Buy Rate = 1.4651
Sell Rate = 1.6651
7-6
Similarly, for USD-AED pair Mid Rate - 1 USD = 3.60 AED
Buy Spread = 0.05
Sell Spread = 0.05
Hence,
Buy Rate = 3.55
Sell Rate = 3.65
Based on the above details, the system derives the GBP-AED rate as below:
Mid Rate - 1 GBP = 5.6344 AED
Buy Rate = 5.2011
Sell Rate = 6.0776
Consider that a bill for 1000 GBP has been liquidated. The currency of the settlement account is USD and if
the transaction rate is 1 GBP = 1.6651 USD. The system will pass the following accounting entries.
Dr/Cr
Account
Ccy
FCY Amount
Exchange Rate
LCY Amount
Dr
Customer-Ac-1
USD
1,665.10
3.6499
6077.60
Cr
Nostro-1
GBP
1,000.00
6.0776
6077.60
As part of online revaluation process, the system evaluates the profit/loss as follows.
Transaction Amount x (Transaction Rate – Cost Rate of CCY1) x Revaluation Mid Rate of CCY2
= 1000 x (1.6651 – 1.5651) x 3.6 = 360 AED
The system will pass the following accounting entries in this case.
Dr/Cr
Account
Ccy
FCY Amount
LCY Amount
Dr
Nostro-1
GBP
360
Cr
Income-1
AED
360
Branch Profit for Negotiated Transactions
There can be two situations in profit calculation of negotiated transactions:
•
Transaction involves two foreign currencies
•
Transaction involves a foreign currency and a local currency
Methods of profit calculation are different based on the currencies involved as discussed in the
following examples.
Examples
1 - Profit Calculation of Negotiated Transactions Involving a Foreign Currency and a Local Currency
Consider a loan transaction. The currency of the loan is USD and that of the settlement account is AED.
Following are the particulars:
Loan Amount = 1,000,000 USD
Mid Rate/Cost Rate - 1 USD = 3.60 AED
Deal Rate - 1 USD = 3.55 AED
7-7
Since the amount involved is huge, the customer negotiates with the branch to offer a better exchange rate
of 3.60. The profit becomes zero in this case. Hence, the user negotiates with Treasury to provide a better
cost rate. The Treasury will evaluate the transaction and offer a better cost rate (negotiated cost rate) of
3.65. Based on this, the branch will book the transaction at a deal rate of 3.60 with the negotiated cost rate
of 3.65.
When you book the transaction, the system derives the profit from the deal based on the difference between
the negotiated cost rate and the transaction rate. The system will pass the following accounting entries in
this case.
Dr/Cr
Account
Ccy
FCY Amount
LCY Amount
Dr
Asset-1
USD
1,000,000
3,600,000
Cr
Customer-1
AED
3,600,000
During online revaluation, the system will pass the following entries.
Dr/Cr
Account
Ccy
FCY Amount
LCY Amount
Dr
Asset-1
USD
50,000
Cr
Income-1
AED
50,000
The local currency amount of 50,000 is derived as follows:
(Negotiated Cost Rate – Transaction Rate) x Transaction Amount
EOD Account Revaluation
The system picks up the accounting entries based on the revaluation setup for the branch. Assume that
EOD account revaluation happens for the GL used in the above example that involves negotiated cost rate.
During EOD, if the Mid Rate becomes 3.70, the system will pass the following entries.
Dr/Cr
Account
Ccy
FCY Amount
LCY Amount
Dr
Asset-1
USD
50,000
Cr
Income-2
AED
50,000
Here, Income-2 is the Income GL maintained in the Account Revaluation Setup.
The profit generated as part of Online Revaluation will remain in Income-1 GL and the Revaluation Profit
generated during EOD operations will remain in Income-2 GL.
2 - Profit Calculation of Negotiated Transactions Involving Two Foreign Currencies
Consider the liquidation of an import bill. The currency of the bill is GBP and that of the
Settlement Account is USD.
The system uses USD as the through currency to derive the exchange rate of GBP against AED. The rates
of exchange for GBP-USD and USD-AED pairs are maintained in the system as given below:
For GBP-USD pair Mid Rate - 1 GBP = 1.5651 USD
Buy Spread = 0.10
Sell Spread = 0.10
Hence,
Buy Rate = 1.4651
7-8
Sell Rate = 1.6651
Similarly, for USD-AED pair Mid Rate - 1 USD = 3.60 AED
Buy Spread = 0.05
Sell Spread = 0.05
Hence,
Buy Rate = 3.55
Sell Rate = 3.65
Based on the above details, the system derives the GBP-AED rate as below:
Mid Rate - 1 GBP = 5.6344 AED
Buy Rate = 5.2011
Sell Rate = 6.0776
Consider that a bill for 1000 GBP has been liquidated. The currency of the settlement account is USD and if
the transaction rate is 1 GBP = 1.532 USD. The system will pass the following accounting entries.
Dr/Cr
Account
Ccy
FCY Amount
Exchange Rate
LCY Amount
Dr
Customer-Ac-1
USD
1,532.00
3.9671
6077.60
Cr
Nostro-1
GBP
1,000.00
6.0776
6077.60
The Negotiated Cost Rate of the transaction is 1.525.
As part of online revaluation process, the system evaluates the profit/loss as follows.
Transaction Amount x (Transaction Rate – Negotiated Cost Rate) x Revaluation Mid Rate of CCY2
= 1000 x (1.532 – 1.525) x 3.60 = 25.20 AED
The system will pass the following accounting entries in this case.
Dr/Cr
Account
Ccy
FCY Amount
LCY Amount
Dr
Nostro-1
GBP
25.20
Cr
Income-1
AED
25.20
7.2.1 Verifying Check List Items
To every online event, you can associate check list items through the ‘Event Checklist’ screen. To
view the check list items associated with the ‘Disbursement’ event (DSBR), click on the ‘Check
List & Remarks’ button.
7-9
This screen displays the check list items for DSBR. All check list items have to be verified for
successful disbursal of the loan. To do this, check the ‘Verified’ box against each check list item.
You may also capture any additional information/remarks, if required.
Click ‘OK’ button to Save and return to the ‘Manual disbursement’ screen.
7.2.2 Capturing Values for event level UDFs
You can enter values for the UDFs that you have associated with the DSBR event in the ‘Account
Event UDF’ screen. To invoke this screen, click ‘Event Fields’ button in the ‘Manual
Disbursement’ screen.
The system allows you to enter different values for the same UDF for events that gets repeated
for the same loan account. For instance, if you have multiple disbursements for a Loan Account,
you can capture different values for UDFs for different disbursements.
Click Exit button to exit and return to the ‘Manual disbursement’ screen.
7-10
7.2.3 Viewing Charge details associated with Event
When making a manual disbursement, you can apply the charges applicable for the event. To do
this, click ’Charges’ button and invoke the ‘Manual disbursement – Charges’ screen.
Specify the following details in this screen:
Component Name
Select the charge component from the option list provided. This list displays the components of
type ‘Charge’ that were associated with the event at the time of defining the product.
Settle Mode
You can use multiple modes of settlement for charge settlement also. The list of modes
applicable is same as the one allowed for loan disbursal.
Settle Ccy
After specifying the settlement mode, select the currency in which the charge is to be collected.
The currencies allowed for the branch are available in the option list provided.
Amount Settled
If a formula is maintained for charge calculation at the product level, the system calculates the
charge on the amount being disbursed using the formula. The same is then displayed in the here.
Exch Rate and Loan Ccy Equiv
This information is applicable if the Mode Currency is different from the Loan Currency. The
exchange rate that is defaulted from the Standard Exchange Rate Maintenance is used to convert
the charge amount to the Loan Currency equivalent.
7.2.4 Capturing the Advice related Details
You can view the advices defaulted which also includes the Payment Message in the ‘Advices’
screen. To invoke this screen, click ‘Advices’ button on the ‘Manual Disbursement’ screen. You
can also choose to suppress the messages as required .
7-11
You can opt to suppress the Payment Message defaulted in case you do not need a credit
through swift message .
The deafulted details can be overriden at this stage and if the settlement mode is changed to
anything other than Savings/Checking, the swift message is automatically suppressed.
System automatically supresses the payment message under the following conditions:
• If the Principal Credit Settlement account is changed to a GL or if the receiver in Swift
Msg Details button is not valid to receive the message i.e, if the Customer Type of the
Receiver party is not a Bank
• If the settlement mode for PRINCIPAL component is changed to anything other than
Savings/Checking
If the Transfer Type is chosen as blank i.e, neither Customer Transfer nor Bank Transfer and if
the Receiver is a bank and the credit settlement account is a current account then the
PAYMENT_MESSAGE becomes CREDIT_ADVICE by Swift(MT910).
7.2.5 Viewing the Swift Message Details
The swift message details are picked up from the Settlement Instructions maintenance and are
displayed in the ‘Swift’ screen. To invoke this screen, click ‘Swift’ button on the ‘Manual
Disbursement’ screen..
7-12
For more details on Swift message related details refer section ‘Capturing Swift Message Details’
in the chapter ‘Capturing Additional Details for a Loan’ in this User Manual.
7.2.6 Disbursing Loans even after Scheduled Dates
Manual disbursement of a loan account is possible even after the payment schedule date. If there
are scheduled payments for a loan and no disbursal has been done till the scheduled payment
date, then during EOD, the system will accrue the interest till date on the amount disbursed. The
accruals are calculated based on the accrual frequency maintained for the interest components in
the product screen,
7.3
Authorizing a Manual Disbursement
After entering the details for manual disbursement in the ‘Manual Disbursement Input’ screen
click Save icon to save the details.
For Line of Credit, the sum of amount utilized and the amount to be disbursed should not be
greater than amount financed. In case of open line loans, back value dated disbursements will be
supported only for the current billing period.
For instance, the details indicated in the following table will result in error only for non- Line of
Credit:
Amount financed
Amount disbursed
Amount utilized
Amount to be disbursed
1,00,000 INR
75,000 INR
50,000 INR
30,000 INR
The above validations will happen during the utilization through the other channels wherein the
CL accounts are available for debit.
In case of open line loans, the system will support the back value dated disbursements only for
the current billing period.
7-13
To authorize the manual disbursement, click Authorize icon on the Application toolbar. The
account authorization screen is displayed.
The Branch and Account number is defaulted and the Xref number is generated by the system.
The following detail needs to be selected as required:
Message Generation
Check this box if you want swift messages to be generatedt either for the customer transfer or the
bank transfer along with a cover. The generated message can be biewed in the messages
browser. Even if the box is left unchecked you can go to messages browser at a later point of
time and generate the message.
If the message generation fails for some reason, the account is authorized and you have to go to
the browser to manually generate the swift message.
All other advices related to DSBR event are not generated at this point and you need to go to the
message browser to do the same.
After the swift message has been generated, if the loan account or the manual disbursement is
reversed, no message is sent from CL.
You cannot authorise a transaction in the following cases:
• the contract has multilevel of authorization pending, the same will be done using the
‘Multilevel Authorization Detailed’ screen
• the level of authorization is greater than or equal to ‘N’
•
the ‘Nth’ or the final level of the users authorization limit is less than the difference
between amount financed and sum of the limits of all the users involved in authorizing a
transaction, this case holds good when the ‘Cumulative’ field is checked in the ‘Product
Transaction Limits Maintenance’ screen
• the transaction amount is greater than the authorizer’s authorisation limit if the
‘Cumulative’ field is unchecked in the ‘Product Transaction Limits Maintenance’ screen
7-14
7.3.1 Accounting Entries
During the disbursement event, the Loan Account is debited while the credit entry will depend on
the settlement mode(s) selected for disbursal.
The entries will appear as follows:
7.4
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Cr/Dr
LOAN_ACCOUNT
PRINCIPAL
Dr
CR_SETTL_BRIDGE
PRINCIPAL
Cr
Viewing Manual Disbursement Summary
You can view manual disbursement summary for an account in the ‘Manual Disbursement’
screen. You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLSMNDSB’ in the field at the top right corner of
the Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
You can query for records based on the following criteria:
• Account Number
• Customer Name
• Event Sequence Number
• Authorization Status
7-15
• Branch
• Reference Number
• Customer Name
When you click ‘Search’ button the records matching the specified search criteria are displayed.
For each record fetched by the system based on your query criteria, the following details are
displayed:
•
Account Number
•
Branch
•
Customer Name
•
Event Sequence Number
•
Reference Number
•
Authorized
•
Component Name
•
Total Amount
•
Remarks
•
Value Date
•
Execution Date
•
Input By
•
Date Time
•
Checker ID
•
Date Time
•
Status
Click ‘Advanced Search’ to display the screen below:
You can query a contract based on any of the following details:
•
Account Number
•
Branch
•
Event Sequence Number
7-16
•
Customer Name
•
Reference Number
•
Authorized
•
Component Name
•
Total Amount
•
Remarks
•
Value Date
•
Execution Date
•
Input By
•
Date Time
•
Checker ID
•
Date Time
•
Status
7-17
8. Operations
8.1
Introduction
This chapter explains the various operations that can be performed on a loan account; the most
prominent being payments and amendments, funding, status change, simulation of payments,
rollover etc.
8.2
Loan Payments
The ‘CL Payment’ screen allows you to make payments towards a loan. CL module supports
Multi Mode settlements. The various payment modes allowed are Cash/Teller, Savings/Checking,
Clearing, Electronic Pay Order, Credit Card, Debit Card, External Account, Internal Check and
Instrument. Multi mode settlement mechanism facilitates payment of loan installment.
Payment can be against any or all or a combination of the components due. Prepayments will
attract a pre-payment penalty to be charged. The payment computed by the system can be
overridden by the amount negotiated by the customer and a subsidy is captured as amount
waived. The amount accepted is either waived or capitalized. Depending on the mode selected,
additional payment details such as clearing house details, settlement products to be used if the
settlement is through another product of Oracle FLEXCUBE, etc are captured.
Penalties on Payment
Prepayment as well as delayed payment of loan can attract penalties.
• Prepayment Penalty - The customer can choose to prepay the loan amount, either partly
or as a whole before the due date. This may attract a Prepayment Penalty.
• Penalty on delayed payment - In case a customer defaults in paying back the loan amount
in time, then the amount becomes an over due and a penalty may be applicable. However,
the customer is allowed to negotiate with the bank in order to subsidize the amounts due.
Once the bank and the customer decide upon a mutually agreeable amount, the actual
payable amount is replaced by this new amount and will be used in lieu of the original
amount due.
If a loan payment results in a status change for the account, the system will update the current
status for the account in the ‘Derived Status’ field. During end-of-day batch processing, it will
update the ‘User Defined Status’ for the account with the worst status that is available for all
accounts and loans for this CIF and post the required accounting entries for the change.
If an excess payment is received then the system will identify the service account mapped for the
principal component of the loan account and credit the excess amount.
On auto liquidation for Open Line Loans, any amount available in the service account will be
liquidated first and remaining amount will be taken from settlement account.
The ‘CL Payment’ screen captures payment details such as Payment Mode, Amount Settled,
Settlement Currency and Exchange Rate. The payment is against any of the loan components
such as principal, interest, late fee etc.
You can invoke the ‘CL Payment’ screen by typing ‘CLDPYMNT’ in the field at the top right corner
of the Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
8-1
To make a payment, click New icon in the toolbar and then capture the ‘Account Number’, ‘Value
Date’ and ‘Limit Date’. Click ‘Populate Due’ button to populate the due amounts component-wise
against the account. After this, you can enter the payment details. Alternatively, you can also click
‘Allocate’ button to allocate the settlement amounts across the various components based on the
‘Schedule Order’ and ‘Liquidation Order’.
In case of manual liquidations of Open Line Loans, on click of ‘Populate Due’ button, the system
will default a settlement row with settlement account as service account maintained and
settlement amount as the amount available in the service account and settlement currency is the
service account currency.
The following details are captured here:
Branch Code
Select the branch code of the account towards which the payment is made, from the adjoining
option list. A list of branch codes is displayed. Click on a value to select it.
Account Number
Select the customer’s account number by clicking the adjoining option list. A list of values is
displayed. Click on a value to select it.
Customer Name
The name of the customer holding the loan account will be displayed here.
8-2
Event Sequence Number
The system displays the event sequence number of the payment in the account’s life history.
8.2.1 Payment Details Tab
Value date
Enter the date on which the payment affects the account balance in this field.
The value date can be a Back Valued, Current or Future Date.
Execution Date
This is the application date on which the payment is entered into the system. If the Execution date
is in the future, the payment is tanked and released on the Future Value date of the payment;
else, it is applied immediately as of the value date of the payment.
By default it is the current system date, but can be modified.
Limit Date
Select the limit date from the available schedules that can be included as amount due by clicking
the adjoining option list. A list of schedule due dates for the account is displayed. Click on a value
to select it.
This option is allowed only if the installment option is selected.
Billed Due
Select this option to indicate that the billed due amount should be taken as the amount to be paid
by the customer for the current schedule. If you select this option, this amount will be displayed in
the ‘Amount Due’ field in the ‘Components’ section when you click the ‘Populate Due’ button. The
system also stores this amount for every schedule while generating billing notice.
This amount does not include the effect of any financial amendment done in the period between
the date on which the billing notice is generated and the date on which the next schedule is due.
Actual Due
Select this option to indicate that the actual amount should be considered as the amount to be
paid by the customer for the current schedule. If you select this option, this amount will be
displayed in the ‘Amount Due’ field in the ‘Components’ section when you click the ‘Populate Due’
button.
The amount includes the changes that have occurred due to financial amendments in the period
between the date on which the billing notice is generated and the date on which the next
schedule is due.
Collection Agent Identification
The collection agent assigned to the loan gets defaulted here during liquidation. If the collection
agent eligible for the fees is different, you can change the agent name here.
8-3
The collection agent assigned through the Assignment screen is still valid and the collection
agent assigned here is effective only for this particular liquidation. After Authorization the details
of the liquidation is passed into Collections module routines for the calculation of Collection Agent
Fee.
Customer ID
The system displays the Customer No of the account in this field.
Main Interest Rate
The rate value for the rate code maintained against the main interest UDE chosen is displayed
here.
Installment(s)
If you select this option then the amount due includes schedules till limit date. If not then the
amount due is the same as on the value date.
Liquidate Loan
Check this option to close a revolving loan account manually when the loan balance is zero.
Prepayment of Amortized Loan
The following details are captured here:
Recomputation Basis
You can choose the recomputation basis for prepayment of amortized loan. The options available
are Recalculated Tenor or Change EMI. Choose the relevant basis from the list for recomputation
basis.
Recomputation Effective From
You can choose the date on which the prepayment becomes effective. You can start the
prepayment on the Value Date or Next Installment.
Close Line of Credit
Check this box to close a line of credit account.
During the payment, the system will trigger the ‘CLOS’ event and close the account if the
following conditions are true:
• Outstanding balance of the account is zero
• ‘Close Line of Credit’ box is checked
Line of Credit will support excess payment even if negative residue amount for a currency is
not provided at the product level.
Payment Details
The following details are captured here:
Reversed
This option indicates that the settlement is reversed.
8-4
This option is disabled in the new payment mode.
Payment Mode
Specify the mode of loan payment by clicking the adjoining option list. A list of payment modes is
displayed. Click on a value to select it.
The payment modes are Savings/Checking, Cash/Teller, Instrument, External Account, Electronic
Pay Order, Internal Cheque, Clearing, Debit Card, and Credit Card.
Settlement Currency
Select the currency used for the specific payment mode by clicking the adjoining option list. A list
of currencies is displayed. Click on a value to select it.
Settlement Amount
Specify the amount paid through the specified mode of payment in terms of the settlement
currency in this field.
If there have been any financial amendments for the loan account (like principal increase, change
in interest rates) in the period between billing notice generation and the current schedule
payment, the actual amount that needs to be collected from the customer may vary from the
billed amount. In such a case, the system checks if the amount settled is higher or lower than the
actual amount that needs to be received. If the amount settled is higher, the system reduces the
differential from the next schedule to be paid by the customer, if the customer has paid the billed
amount for the current schedule.
If the settled amount for the current schedule is lower than the actual amount to be received from
the customer and the customer has paid the billed amount, the differential is added to the next
schedule without any penalty. However, if the settled amount is lower than the billed amount for
the current schedule, the system calculates a penalty on the difference between the amount due
for the current schedule and the settled amount and adds this amount to the next schedule due
amount.
The amount should be a valid amount and should not exceed the total amounts due; else it is
treated as a prepayment.
Loan Currency Equivalent
The system displays the amount settled in terms of the local currency in this field.
Original Exchange Rate
The base or actual exchange rate between the account currency and settlement currency gets
displayed here.
Exchange Rate
For a customer availing any Relationship Pricing scheme, the customer specific exchange rate
derived by adding the original exchange rate and the customer spread maintained for the
relationship pricing scheme gets displayed here.
If Relationship Pricing is not applicable, Exchange Rate will be the same as the Original
Exchange Rate.
8-5
The exchange rate is defaulted but can be overridden. The final value should be within the
exchange rate variances maintained in the account preference.
For more details on customer specific exchange rates, refer the section titled ‘Specifying Pricing
Benefit Details’ in Relationship Pricing user manual
Settlement Order
Each settlement is apportioned against a component due based on the Liquidation order. The
order in which the settlements are picked is ordinal as entered in the screen. Click ‘Set Comp’
button to view/change the component settlement details in the ‘Component Details’ screen.
For more details on the ‘Component Details’ screen refer section titled ‘Viewing Component
Settlement Details’ in this chapter.
During payments, if you have checked the ‘Withholding Tax Applicable’ option for the customer
(in the ‘Customer Maintenance’ screen), the system will pick up the withholding tax based on your
maintenance for the branch code and country code combination in the ‘Withholding Tax Details’
screen. It will internally calculate the applicable tax portion based on the Settlement Amount and
passes the accounting entries for the tax.
For more details on setting up Witholding tax percentage refer the chapter ‘Maintenances and
Operations’ in this User Manual.
During MLIQ event, you need to input the Settlement Amount after discounting the tax amount
and the system allocates the amount to Interest component after adding the tax amount. In
addition, system also tops up the Settlement Amount by the total tax amount applicable.
Example:
A customer makes a payment of USD 2100 for a transaction with the following details:
•
Date: 01-May-2008
•
Principal Due: USD 1200
•
Interest Due: USD 1000
If the applicable WHT is 10%, the system calculates as follows:
•
Customer Portion: 1000 * 0.9 = USD 900
•
Bank Portion: USD (1000 – 900) = USD 100
Since the Settlement Amount covers the customer’s portion of interest due and principal due, the
payment is considered to be a full due payment.
During ALIQ event, the amount available in the customer’s settlement account is taken up as the
basis for allocation. In case the settlement account does not have full funds, the amount present
is taken up as customer portion and the relevant tax portion is added up on top of that.
The amount tag which is used to pass accounting entries corresponding to the tax portion for
MLIQ and ALIQ events is <Component name>_WHLD. For eg. MAIN_INT_WHLD
Account Description
In this field, the description of the settlement account is displayed by the system, when you
specify or select the Customer Number or Customer Account from the LOV. If the account
number keyed in has only one value matching it in the LOV, then system will not open the LOV
on tab out and the description of the settlement account will be automatically displayed.
8-6
Negotiated Cost Rate
Specify the negotiated cost rate that should be used for foreign currency transactions between
the treasury and the branch. You need to specify the rate only when the currencies involved in
the transaction are different. Otherwise, it will be a normal transaction.
Negotiation Reference Number
Specify the reference number that should be used for negotiation of cost rate, in foreign currency
transaction. If you have specified the negotiated cost rate, then you need to specify the
negotiated reference number also.
Oracle FLEXCUBE books the online revaluation entries based on the difference in exchange
rate between the negotiated cost rate and transaction rate.
Settlement Details
Depending upon the mode of payment the following settlement details are captured:
For ‘CASA’:
• Settlement Branch
• Settlement Account
For ‘Credit Card’ and ‘Debit Card’
• Card No.
For ‘Clearing’
• Upload Source
• Instrument Number
• Clearing Product
• End Point
• Routing Number
• Clearing Bank
• Clearing Branch
• Sector Code
For ‘External Account’
• Upload Source
• PC Category
• Clearing Bank
• Clearing Branch
• External Account Name
• External Account Number
For ‘Electronic Pay Order’
• Upload Source
• PC Category
• Clearing Bank
• Clearing Branch
8-7
• External Account Name
• External Account Number
For ‘Internal Check’
• Instrument Number
• Settlement Branch
• Settlement Account
For ‘Instrument’
• Instrument Number
• Settlement Branch
• Settlement Account
For ‘Cash/Teller’
• Upload Source
• Settlement Product
Component Details
The following details are captured here:
Component Name
The system displays the component name in this field.
Currency
The system displays the currency of the component based on Loan currency and the account in
this field. If the component is based on a flat amount UDE then the UDE currency is displayed.
Amount due
The system displays the amount due for the component in this field. It is generated based on the
account and component. This amount can be either the billed due amount or the actual due
amount, depending on your choice in the ‘Account Details’ section.
Adjustment Due
Adjustment due happens when there is a revaluation or when there is rate revision, according to
increase or decrease of rates.
Amount overdue
Here, the system displays the amount overdue for the component. It is generated based on the
account and component.
Amount not due
For the principal amount, Amount not due is the rest of principal that is due after the value date.
Hence any payment towards this constitutes a prepayment. This value is system generated
based on account and component.
Amount Paid
The system displays the actual amount paid against the component dues in this field.
8-8
When payments are allocated across dues, payment details are defaulted from the liquidation
order. But these details can be modified as per your preferences.
Amount Waived
Enter the amount waived by the bank after negotiations with the customer in this field.
Amount Capitalized
Enter the amount capitalized in this field.
On saving a manual payment towards a loan component (s), the online liquidation against each
such component follows the order of liquidation as specified through the ‘Component Liquidation
Order’ screen.
8.2.1.1 Viewing Component Settlement Details
Each settlement is apportioned against a component due based on the Liquidation order. The
order in which the settlements are picked is ordinal as entered in the screen. Click ‘Settlement
Component’ button to view/change the component settlement details in the ‘Component Details’
screen.
8-9
8.2.2 Penalty Rates Tab
You can maintain the penalty details of the product by clicking the ‘Penalty’ tab in the ‘CL
Payments’ screen. The screen is displayed below:
8-10
8.2.3 Fields Tab
You can maintain user defined fields for the product by clicking the ‘Fields’ tab in the ‘CL
Payments’ screen. The screen is displayed below:
8-11
8.2.4 Check List Tab
Click the ‘Check List’ tab to maintain the check lists and remarks for the product. The screen is
displayed below:
8.2.5 Partial Payment
Partial payment is required to parameterize partial liquidation during auto liquidation process.
In the ‘CL Product Preferences’ screen you can indicate whether partial liquidation is allowed
during auto liquidation of the loan or not. This preference set at the product level gets defaulted at
the account creation level also. But this option is allowed only if ‘Verify Funds’ option is selected.
Auto Liquidation will check this option before carrying out partial liquidation viz. before liquidating
to the extent of availability during Verify Funds check.
If selected, the function proceeds with liquidation, else it is marked as unpaid.
8-12
Refer the section titled ‘Specifying Product Preferences’ in the ‘Defining Product Categories and
Products’ chapter of this User Manual for more details.
8.2.6 Reversing Payments
There may be situations where you wish to reverse a payment made against a loan, for instance,
in case of an incorrect posting. These payments can be a scheduled or unscheduled payment
made for interest or principal. You can carry out such reversals by querying the account for which
the reversal is required in the ‘CL Payment’ screen and clicking the reverse icon in the toolbar.
In this screen, the system displays the following details:
• Payment Mode – this indicates the mode of payment
• Settlement Currency – the currency for the reversal amount
• Amount Settled – the amount that should be reversed
You are required to provide the following details:
8-13
Settlement Branch
The branch of the selected customer is displayed. However, you can modify the same. Specify
the branch in which the settlement should happen. You can also select the branch from the
adjoining option list. The list contains all the valid branches maintained in the system.
Settlement Account
The account number of the selected customer is displayed. However, you can modify the same.
Specify the reversal settlement account. You can also select the account from the adjoining
option list. The list contains all the valid accounts for the customer in the settlement branch.
The reversal settlement account should be either an internal GL or a customer account in same
currency as the original settlement account.
Remarks
Specify the reason for the reversal.
You can reverse a payment only if no payments have been made after the payment that you wish
to reverse. If there is any such payment (interest or principal), you will be required to manually
reverse all such payments in a LIFO order.
If there are no subsequent payments after the payment that is to be reversed, the system will
reverse the accounting entries for all the events that have fired after the payment date (of the
reversed payment). It will also re-compute all the interest and principal balances that have been
impacted when the payment was made.
8.2.7 Payments Simulation
Loan payment simulation calculation function is used to arrive at an agreement with the client.
The ‘Payment Simulation’ screen displays the effect of making payments across components
across schedules. You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDSIMPT’ in the field at the top right
corner of the Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button. The results are used
to arrive at a negotiated amount that can be used to settle outstanding loss.
8-14
For more details on the field explanation refer section ‘Loan Payment’ in this chapter.
You can change specific UDE values to simulate the effect of changing prepayment penalty rates.
Payments can be saved from the simulator. Once the payment simulation is saved, if you enter
simulation account number in the payments screen and click on the ‘Populate Due’ button then
the system displays all the details entered in the payment simulation screen.
Only users with rights to input payments are allowed to save payments from the simulator.
Click ‘Simulate’ button to view the account details after the current payment. An account screen is
launched to view the updated account after the payment. You can also print an advice from the
simulation screen.
8.2.8 Back Dated Payments
Oracle FLEXCUBE supports back value dating only upto the last payment date. Only those back
dated payments whose value date is before the last payment date are allowed.
If the product preference allows for Allow back valued entries, then the following functionalities
are relevant:
• Oracle FLEXCUBE supports back dated payments till the Loan Initiation / Value date.
• Whenever a back valued event such as Principal Increase, Rate Change or Payment
Reversal is made, the system recalculates Interest based on the new conditions and
passes the difference as back valued adjustments.
• Back valued Adjustments (accruals and Liquidations) are passed on the same day.
• Entries passed will be as follows:
¾
Accrual Adjustments (for a Component COMP)
Case 1: Favorable Adjustment (Income earned)
Dr Back valued Interest Adjustment GL
COMP_BVADJ_INC
Cr Accrual Adjustment Income
COMP_BVRADJ_INC
Case 2: Unfavorable Adjustment (Expense)
Dr Accrual Adjustment Expense
COMP_BVRADJ_EXP
Cr Back valued Interest Adjustment GL
COMP_BVRADJ_EXP
Liquidation Adjustments
Dr Settlement AC
COMP_BVADJ_INC
Cr Back valued Interest Adjustment GL
COMP_BVADJ_INC
Dr Back valued Interest Adjustment GL
COMP_BVADJ_EXP
Cr Settlement Account
COMP_BVRADJ_INC
Back valued Adjustments are passed to the loan servicing account maintained at the loan level.
8-15
8.2.9 Making Bulk Payments against Loan or Commitment
The ‘BulkPayments’ screen is provided to create bulk payments against a limit or commitment for
a loan account. The loan/commitment linked to the loan account for which the prioritization rules
are maintained, is considered for bulk payment.
Bulk payment is done for the loan accounts linked to an L/C for which the bulk payment option is
checked. The bulk payment is always done for the current branch. The Bulk payment is done only
for the CL accounts belonging to the current branch from where bulk payments are made. Bulk
payment amount is allocated to the accounts linked to a loan/commitment account. This
allocation is done based on the Prioritization rules maintained for the L/C selected. If a specific
rule is not available for L/C reference for the branch, the ALL option is considered. The payment
is triggered based on the amount allocated per the prioritization rules.
To make the bulk payments for the accounts associated under an L/C allocated, invoke the
‘BulkPayments’ screen by typing ‘CLDBLKPT’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application
tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
The following details are specified for making the bulk payments under a loan/commitment
account:
Branch Code
This displays a valid branch code for making bulk payments. All the accounts associated to a
loan/commitment are marked for bulk payments in this branch.
Bulk Payment Reference
Specify the bulk payment refernce number for the particular bulk payment made. This is
generated once you click the ‘Populate Due’ button.
Total Payment Amount
Specify the total payment amount available to be allocated across the due components/accounts
under a loan/commitment.
8-16
Currency
Specify a valid currency to be maitained as part of the bulk payment made. The adjoining option
list displays all the valid currency maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Limit Date
Specify the date the limit line is attached to the loan/commitment.
Bulk Entity Type
Select the Bulk Entity type from the adjoining drop-down list. This list displays the following
values:
• Limit Line
• Commitment
Specify the type of entity for which bulk payments are made. If the bulk entity type is chosen as
limit line, you can then choose the credit line against which the payment needs to be made in the
field Bulk Entity. The liability ID linked to this limit is defaulted. Only valid limit lines linked to the
loan accounts in the current branch are displayed in the option list.
For the bulk entity type ‘Commitment’ the Commitment reference number is chosen from the
option list for the “Bulk Entity”. The customer id of the commitment is populated as the liability ID,
and the commitment branch is populated as the branch code. The bulk entity option list displays
only the commitments defined under the current branch.
Liability ID
Select the liability ID from the list of values provided. If the Bulk entity type is limit line then the
liability for which a limit line is linked to the CL account, is displayed in the list of values.If Bulk
entity type is commitment then the liability for which commitment is linked to the CL account, is
displayed.
Bulk Entity Reference
Specify the bulk entity reference. You can also select the bulk entity reference from the adjoining
option list. The list displays the reference number based on the bulk entity type and liability ID.
After specifying the Bulk Entity details and value date, click the ‘Populate Due’ button. Payment
Details and Component Details options are enabled to list all active loan accounts (linked to the
L/C selected) and the component wise amount due respectively.
After providing the bulk payment amount, click ‘Allocate’ button to display the payment details and
component wise details with all the applicable accounts including the total amount due and total
amount allocated against each as per the bulk payment preference maintenance.
Payment Details
Specify the following details:
Reversed
You can reverse a payment done for single account involved in bulk payment. Check this box to
indicate that this payment should be reversed.
An override message gets displayed.
8-17
Account Number
Specify the account number. The applicable loan accounts under payment details with total
amount due and amount allocated against under bulk payment preference are displayed.
Payment Mode
Select the payment mode from the drop-down list. This list displays the following values:
• CASA
• Cash Teller
• Clearing
• Instrument
• External Pay Order
• Credit Card
• Debit Card
• External Account Details
• Internal Cheque
Settlement Currency
Specify a valid settlement currency in which payment is to be made. This adjoining options list
contains all the valid settlement currencies maintained in the system. You can choose the
appropriate one.
Amount Settled
Specify the amount settled. The total amount due and allocated against each loan account is
displayed based on the clicking of the ‘Allocate’ button; these can be however changed.
Loan Currency Equivalent
Specify the loan currency equivalent for the payment.
Settlement Branch
Specify the branch at which the settlement takes place. You can also select a preferred value
from the option list provided.
Exchange Rate
Specify the exchange rate applicable.
The amount allocated is available for modification, after application of the automatic allocation
action.
Check list
This contains a check list screen for the bulk payment made. You need to specify the description
or any remarks if any. To invoke this screen click ‘Check List’. This check list is provided with
respect to each account. The user needs to navigate to these details for each contract before
saving the payment. The check list details are populated on clicking Check list button. You can
verify all options the check list for the payment using this screen.
8-18
Checked
Check this box to indicate if the check list details are to be maintained for the bulk payment made
Description
Specify a description of the check list item, which the bulk payment is checked against.
Remark 1
Specify remarks for the check list, if any.
Remark 2
Specify remarks for the check list, if any.
Remark 3
Specify remarks for the check list, if any.
Remark 4
Specify remarks for the check list, if any.
Remark 5
Specify remarks for the check list, if any.
Remark 6
Specify remarks for the check list, if any.
8-19
Remark 7
Specify remarks for the check list, if any.
Remark 8
Specify remarks for the check list, if any.
Remark 9
Specify remarks for the check list, if any.
Remark 10
Specify remarks for the check list, if any.
Settlement Branch
Specify a valid settlement branch. The adjoining option list displays all the valid settlement branch
maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Settlement Account
Specify a valid settlement account. The adjoining option list displays all the valid settlement
account maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Settlement Product
Specify the settlement product.
Instrument Number
Specify the instrument number.
End Point
Specify a valid end point. This adjoining option list displays all the valid end point maintained in
the system. You can choose appropriate one.
Card Number
Specify the card number
External Account Number
Specify the external account number.
External Account Name
Specify the external account name.
Clearing Bank
Specify a valid clearing bank. This adjoining option list displays all valid clearing banks
maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Clearing Branch
Specify the clearing branch.
8-20
Upload Source
Specify a valid upload source. This adjoining option list displays all the upload source maintained
in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Sector Code
Specify a valid sector code. This adjoining option list displays all the valid sector code maintained
in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Routing Number
Specify the routing number.
Settlement Reference Number
Specify the settlement reference number.
Component Details
Specify the following details:
Account Number
Specify the account number.
Component Name
Specify the name of the component.
Component Currency
Specify the component currency.
Amount Due
Specify the amount to be paid.
Amount Paid (Component Currency)
Specify the amount that is paid.
Amount Overdue
Specify the overdue amount.
Amount Waived
Specify the amount that is waived. You can choose the amount to be waived here.
You can perform the following operations in this screen:
• Save
• Delete
• Authorize
8-21
Against each account populated, settlement fields are enabled to capture the details required for
the particular settlement mode that has been chosen against the account. The different modes of
payment applicable in the manual loan payment screen are made available here as well. Multiple
modes of settlement for the same account are not supported.
You can change the allocated amount after the automatic allocation. System validates the data
on saving to compare the total payment amount and the sum of amount settled against each
component with respect to limit currency. Additionally reversal of payment done for a single
account involved in bulk payment is permitted with an override from the manual payment screen.
8.2.9.1 Viewing Summary Records
You can view and amend details of a particular record by using the ‘Summary’ screen. You can
invoke this screen by typing ‘CLSBLKPT’ the field at the top right corner of the Application tool
bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
To view a particular record double click on the desired record displayed in the list of records. The
required record is enabled for action.
8.2.10 Viewing Loan Payments Summary
You can view the CL payments summary using ‘Summary’ screen. To invoke this screen, type
‘CLSPYMNT’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and click the adjoining
arrow button.
8-22
You can click ‘Search’ button to view all the pending functions. However, you can to filter your
search based on any of the following criteria:
Account
Select the account number from the option list.
Customer Name
Select the customer name from the adjoining option list.
Authorized
Select the authorization status of the contract from the drop-down list.
Branch Code
Select the branch code for which you want to check the contract from the option list.
When you click ‘Search’ button the records matching the specified search criteria are displayed.
For each record fetched by the system based on your query criteria, the following details are
displayed:
•
Account
•
Customer Name
•
Branch Code
•
Event Sequence Number
•
Value Date
•
Execution Date
8-23
•
Authorized
•
Recomputation basis
•
Recomputation Effective From
•
Installment (s)
Click ‘Advanced Search’ to display the screen below:
You can query a contract based on any of the following details:
•
Account
•
Branch Code
•
Event Sequence Number
•
Value Date
•
Execution Date
•
Authorized
•
Recomputation basis
•
Recomputation Effective From
•
Installment (s)
8.2.11 Saving and Authorising CL Payments
You have to save a CL payment after entering all the required details in the system. Click Save
icon on the Toolbar or choose ‘Save’ from the Actions menu to save an account.
On saving the account, the system validates the value of the amount financed against the
following:
• Product transaction limit
• User Input limit
8-24
If the transaction currency and the limit currency are different, then the system converts the
amount financed to limit currency and checks if the same is in excess of the product transaction
limit and user input limit. If this holds true, the system indicates the same with below
override/error messages:
• Number of levels required for authorizing the transaction
• Transaction amount is in excess of the input limit of the user
You have to authorise a CL payment before you run EOD batch. To authorize, click ‘Authorize’
icon on the Application toolbar.
You cannot authorise from the ‘CL Payments’ screen in the following cases:
• the contract has multilevel of authorization pending, the same will be done using the
‘Multilevel Authorization Detailed’ screen
• the level of authorization is greater than or equal to ‘N’
•
the ‘Nth’ or the final level of the users authorization limit is less than the difference
between amount financed and sum of the limits of all the users involved in authorizing a
transaction, this case holds good when the ‘Cumulative’ field is checked in the ‘Product
Transaction Limits Maintenance’ screen
• the transaction amount is greater than the authorizer’s authorization limit if the
‘Cumulative’ field is unchecked in the ‘Product Transaction Limits Maintenance’ screen.
8.3
Loan Amendments
Once a Loan is entered and authorized, financial changes to the Loans can be done through the
‘Value Dated Amendments’ screen. These amendments are based on an effective date and
hence are called Value Dated Amendments (VAM). You can invoke this screen by typing
‘CLDACCVM’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking on the
adjoining arrow button.
Click new icon in the toolbar of the screen or select ‘New’ from the Actions menu in the
Application toolbar. The system will display ‘Transaction Branch Code’ screen. Here you can
select the transaction branch.
The system defaults the logged-in branch by default as the transaction branch.
Transaction Branch
Select the appropriate branch from the list of branches available in the option list.
While clicking ‘Ok’ button, the system validates the access rights of the selected branch and
function for the user. If you don’t have appropriate rights on the selected branch and function, the
system will display an error message. If you select a valid branch, the system updates the same
as transaction branch and the transaction will be posted for this branch.
8-25
Booking an amendment is called VAMB and Initiating is called VAMI. These are considered as
events in the life cycle of the Loan.
Value Dated Amendments supports the following functions:
• Modification of currency between UF and CLP. The UF conversion on any date uses the
effective date UF rate.
• When the above change in interest rate is completed, the accrual is recomputed. The
difference in accruals is accounted for in the current period on the booking date of the
change.
If these changes are required to be effective on a particular date, not maintained previously, a
fresh set of rates for that day is required to be maintained.
You can pick any active account from the Value Dated Amendments screen and apply the
amendments for that account. You can also view or modify the amendments that are not yet
applied for that account.
If there is no outstanding balance for an Open Line Loans, then in order to close the account, you
should amend the maturity date. The account gets closed during that day’s batch.
If the amendments result in a status change for the account, the system will update the current
status for the account in the ‘Derived Status’ field. During end-of-day batch processing, it will
update the ‘User Defined Status’ for the account with the worst status available for all accounts
and loans for this CIF and post the required accounting entries for the change.
8-26
Specify the account number for which the amendment needs to be. On querying an authorized
CL account, the system displays all the basic details of the account. Unlock the record and
specify the effective date of the amendment.. Click the ‘Create Amendment’ button in order to
make new amendments to loans.
The system nullifies the modified values if you try to amend loan details like amount finances,
maturity date etc. without clicking ‘create Amendment’ button.
From this screen, you can modify the amount financed, which specifies the increase in amount,
Rate or Principal effective a value date, and also the maturity date. Once you specify the
amendments, the relative changes with regard to the same can be viewed in the other tabs of the
Screen.
If the account is configured for auto disbursement and is restricted for disbursement in
‘Account Details’ screen, then the system will not allow you to change the principal.
You can also define a new maturity date for loan accounts which have matured as long as the
amendment is done on the maturity date, i.e. the amendment date and the existing maturity date
are the same. The system will accordingly re-calculate the interest till the new maturity date. If
you perform the amendment on a date other than the existing maturity date, the system will
display an error message and will not allow you to save the change.
When you extend the maturity date of a matured loan, you can change the component repayment
schedules as follows:
• You can modify the bullet schedules that are due as on the old maturity date, but not those
before it (irrespective of whether these earlier schedules are overdue or fully-paid).
• You can define additional schedules for the period between the old and new maturity
dates of the loan. While defining the additional schedules, it is essential that the bullet
schedules for ‘PRINCIPAL’ and ‘MAIN_INT’ component be extended till the new maturity
date.
• For components other the ‘PRINCIPAL’ and ‘MAIN_INT’, however, you can change the
due dates of the bullet schedules only if you require it
For line of credit, the amount financed will increase/decrease based on the increase/decrease in
the principal amount.
You can also select the re-computation basis for amendments from this screen. For example, if
the re-computation basis is Change Installment, the amendments are applied by changing the
Equated Monthly Installments keeping the tenor constant. If re-computation basis is Change
Tenor, then the tenor is varied by keeping Installment constant.
Following are the amendments to the Value date effective loans accounts that you can perform
through this screen:
• Value Date based changes to the Principal
• Value Date based changes to the Rates
• Value Date based changes to the Tenor of the Loan
• Changes to other parameters
You can change the Loan Tenor, Rate or Principal effective a Value Date from these screens. It
also displays the schedules of the account.
The following information is captured:
8-27
Effective Date
This is the date as of which the changed values should be applicable.
Amount Waived
Specify the amount which can be provided as the discount to the customer. This will be waived
from the charge computed. This amount can not be greater than the charge amount.
8.3.1.1 Amending Uninitiated Loans
You can amend authorised uninitiated (future dated) loans using the ‘Account Details’ screen.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDACCNT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
Specify the Account Number of the uninitiated loan that needs to be amended and then ‘Unlock’
the record.
You can now amend the following details pertaining to the loan:
• Value Date
• Principal amount
• Maturity date
• Schedules
• Rates
8-28
Note that you can amend an existing Value Date as long as it is greater than the current
branch date.
8.3.2 Preferences Tab
The preferences are maintained by the bank. Depending upon the combination of various
preferences, the bank can have various account preferences.
The preferences primarily are based on product definition and can be overridden.
You can specify the following details here:
Readjustment Entry Pref
Whenever a back-dated entry results in a change in the financial details of a loan, you are
required to indicate how the excess debit or credit amount should be treated. The change could
be due to factors like a change in interest rate, change in the effective date for the interest and so
on. This results in the re-computation of schedules for the components of the loan leading to
excess debit or credit interest amount that needs to be adjusted.
For principal adjustment of amortized loans, you need to create new amendment and select the
‘Recomputation Basis’ as ‘Change Tenor’ or ‘Balloon’. You are required to change either the
interest rate, effective date or any other underlying financial attribute which, consequently, will
change the interest amount.
8-29
You can specify either of the following options to handle the excess interest amounts triggered by
the amendment:
Adjust
Select this option to indicate that the interest amount (surplus or deficit) should be adjusted in the
future schedules due for the loan. Hence, a surplus can be used to pay for a future schedule or a
deficit can be collected as part of the next schedule.
Settle
Select this to indicate that the surplus or deficit interest amount should be collected from or
credited to the settlement account of the customer.
Note the following:
• The amount being adjusted cannot exceed total interest paid to date
• For a loan which has been rolled over, the adjustment (VAMI) effective date cannot be
earlier than the rolled over loan value date.
During the VAMI application, a re-calculation event will be triggered which will re-compute all the
component balances from the VAMI value date or from the rate change effective date onwards.
After that the ‘BADJ’ event will be triggered to make the required adjustment to the schedules.
For more details on the fields in this tab, refer section ‘Creating a Loan Account’ in ‘Account
Creation’ chapter of this User Manual.
8-30
8.3.3 Components Tab
Clicking against the ‘Components’ tab in the ‘Value Dated Amendments’ screen invokes the
following screen:
You can specify the following details for the components:
Component Name
After you specify the component Name, the system displays the description of the component in
the adjacent field.
Component Ccy
The system displays the currency associated with the component in this field. The value is
defined at Product level.
Show in Stmnts/Notices
This box will be checked or unchecked depending on the preferences at the product level.
However, you can modify it. If you uncheck this box, then the internal charges of the components
will not be displayed in the statements and notices.
8.3.3.1 Maintaining Schedule Details
The following details are captured here:
8-31
Schedule Type
Select the type of schedule from the option list. Schedule can be a payment, a disbursement or a
rate revision schedule.
Schedule Flag
Select the option for the Schedule flag from the option list
The options are Normal or Moratorium.
Select the option Moratorium if there are no scheduled repayments for the component for the
Moratorium period. However the component is accrued for a certain Moratorium period.
8.3.3.2 Schedule Details
Click ‘Explode’ button to view the following Schedule details:
Schedule Number
The system generates and displays a sequential schedule number for installments.
Due Date
The system displays the due date of the payments and disbursements in this field.
Amount Settled
The system displays the settlement amount for the schedule in this field.
Amount Due
Specify the outstanding amount for the schedule for which the payment is due.
Note the following:
¾
¾
In case of intermediate schedules, the system will allow you to modify ‘Amount Due’
only for principal component of schedules for which the payment is due. You cannot
modify the details for bullet schedules.
Adjustment of past dues is not applicable for Amortized, Interest-only and Interest
collection in advance types of loans.
Liquidation Mode
You can modify the liquidation mode here if the account is already created. Select the mode of
liquidation. The following are the options available:
• Auto
• Manual
• Component
Note the following:
• Any change in the liquidation mode of the paid/partially paid schedules will not be
considered.
• Based on the new schedule definition, the system will re-calculates the penalty for the past
due schedules.
8-32
For more details on the field explanation of this tab refer section ‘Creating a Loan Account’ in
‘Account Creation’ chapter of this User Manual.
In this tab you can modify the schedule preferences of your account. Select the components that
you wish to modify from the list provided. You can amend the details of the selected component,
after you click the ‘Edit’ button. The schedules are defaulted from Product maintenances at the
time of account opening.
While making modification to schedule, follow the steps given below:
• Bullet schedule as well as end dates of schedules should be deleted before any
amendment.
• If you want to use irregular schedule amounts instead of normal linear flow you need to
maintain each schedule date separately.
• If you insert any schedule do not add end date.
• If number of schedules is ‘1’ for the particular schedule record, then the frequency should
be ‘daily’.
Click ‘Explode’ button once you finalize your changes on the schedule. System calculates the
missing parameters based on Product preferences.
You can modify future dated schedules only.
Example:
Assume that your bank has signed a CL contract on June 1, 2010 with Big Inc. in amount of USD 10.000.
According to the contract repayment schedule is irregular in following amounts:
July 1
- USD 2.000
August 1 – USD 5.000
September 1 - USD 3.000
As this schedule cannot be set automatically by the system you should use a respective linear product for
account opening. Open the account in a normal way. After disbursement you can do the VAMI only.
In the components screen select ‘Principal’. You should have 2 schedules, one normal and one bullet.
Schedule amounts are 3.333,33 and 3.333,34 respectively.
First delete the bullet schedule and the end dates. Insert a row (using “+”) and maintain it for the second
schedule on August 1. Modify the amount of the first schedule, delete ‘3.333,33’ and enter ‘2.000’.
Number of schedules should be ‘1’ for both dates and frequency should be ‘daily’.
After making these changes, click ‘Explode’. The system will default end dates and bullet schedule based on
your product preferences.
8.3.4 Charges Tab
In order to calculate the charges that we would like to levy on an account, we have to specify the
basis on which we would like to apply charges.
The Charges tab is displayed where you can view/modify the charges to be levied on the
account.
8-33
You can capture the following details in this screen:
Amt. Waived:
The amount displayed here is the amount that needs to be waived as the discount offered to the
customer.
Show in Statements/Notices
The system defaults the status of this box as per the preferences set at the product level.
However, you can modify this. If you check this box, the system will display the internal charges
of the components in the statements and notices. If you do not check this, the internal charges
will not be displayed in the statements and notices.
For more details and the field explanation of each tab, refer to the section ‘Creating a Loan
Account’ in ‘Account Creation’ chapter of this User Manual.
8-34
8.3.5 Linkages Tab
In the ‘Linkages’ tab, you can specify the type of securities by which the loan is backed.
Linkage Details
You can specify the following Linkage details:
Linkage Sequence Number
Enter the sequence number for the linkage that you are specifying
Linkage Type
Click on the list item to choose the details of the linkage type. A list of values is displayed. Double
click on a value to select it
The valid values are Line, Deposit, Guarantee, Amount Block, CASA Account, Collateral Pool,
Commitment and Collateral
If you have linked a line to the loan in the ‘Account Details’ screen, then for active loans, you can
change the line for the loan from this screen. The system will update the utilized and available
amounts for both the lines (new and old). If the line to which the loan is linked has expired, the
system will update the available amount for the line to null but will not update the utilization
amount. It will also retain the existing line utilization details to use for re-computing the utilized
amount when the line becomes active again.
8-35
For loans linked to expired lines, you can also perform a principal increase, if you so wish. In this
case, the system will display an override message that you need to accept. Subsequently, it will
update the utilized amount for the line and also set the available amount for the line to null.
For more details on the fields in this tab, refer section ‘Creating a Loan Account’ in ‘Account
Creation’ chapter of this User Manual.
8.3.6 Adjust Disbursement Tab
You can correct the disbursed amount or disbursement date of a loan occurred due to transaction
errors. You can do these changes in the ‘Value Dated Amendments’ screen. Click ‘Disbursement’
tab in this screen.
You can modify the following details:
Schedule Due Date
The actual schedule due date is displayed. However, you can modify the same. Specify the
schedule due date on which the disbursed amount has to be corrected.
Amount to Disburse
The actual disbursed amount is displayed. Specify the corrected disbursed amount. If you are
reducing the disbursement amount, then the total disbursed amount (sum of disbursement
amount for all disbursements made) should not be less than the total amount paid against
principal till the effective date of VAMI. Similarly, if you are increasing the disbursement amount,
then the total disbursed amount (sum of disbursement amount for all disbursements made)
should not be greater than the amount financed.
8-36
You can also amend a past disbursement by maintaining a new VAMI with effective date less
than or same as the date of disbursement (which needs to be changed). Later, you can do the
required amendments in this screen.
8.3.6.1 Processing the Amended Disbursement
On saving a transaction, the following takes place:
• If the modified disbursement amount is less than the original disbursement amount, then
the system will do auto settlement for the adjusted amount (modified disbursement
amount - original disbursement amount) with the value date as disbursement date.
• If the modified disbursement amount is greater than the original disbursement amount,
then the system will do disbursement for the adjusted amount (original disbursement
amount – modified disbursement amount) with the value date as disbursement date.
• Component balances will be re-computed starting from the least date of VAMI effective
date / original disbursement date / modified disbursement date.
• Schedule amounts for all the components will be re-calculated from least date of VAMI
effective date / original disbursement date / modified disbursement date.
• If any adjustment amount present in the re-calculation of settled components, then ‘BADJ’
(Balance Adjustment) event will be triggered to post the adjustment.
• All financial events fired after the VAMI effective date will be taken for re-calculation.
• If the readjustment entry preference maintained in the product preferences screen is
‘Adjust’ and the re-calculated amount is excess / short of corresponding amount due, the
system will adjust the amount against the future schedules. Similarly, If the option selected
is ‘Settle’ and the re-calculated amount is excess/short of corresponding amount due,
then the system will credit/debit the amount difference into the credit/debit settlement
bridge respectively.
• If the disbursement amount or date is changed, then the loan schedules will be
regenerated and overwrite all prior schedule amendments done on the loan account.
• The subsequent principal changes and payments will be stored in database.
If a customer wants to settle the excess amount on triggering any back dated event which
causes the financial impact, then readjustment entry preference in the ‘Account Details’ screen
has to be selected as ‘Settlement’. Otherwise, ‘Adjust’ option has to be selected.
8.3.6.2 Validating the Amended Disbursement
•
The amended disbursement date can be any date from loan value date
• Total amount paid till the disbursement date should not be more than the total amount
disbursed till the disbursement date
• If any payment had happened in between the old and disbursement date, then the total
amount paid till the payment date should not be more than the total amount disbursed till
the payment date
• You can change only the UDE values if you have made any changes in the disbursement
tab
• Adjustment (VAMI) effective date cannot be prior to the rolled over loan value date in-case
of rolled over loan
8.3.7 Viewing Value Dated Amendment Details
You can view the value dated amendment summary using ‘Value Dated Amendment Summary’
screen. To invoke this screen, type ‘CLSACCVM’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and click the adjoining arrow button.
8-37
You can click ‘Search’ button to view all the pending functions. However, you can to filter your
search based on any of the following criteria:
Account Number
Select the account number from the option list.
Application Number
Select the application number from the option list.
Product
Select the product code from the option list.
Value Date
Specify the value date.
Amount
Select the contract amount.
Contract Status
Select the status of the contract from the drop-down list.
Branch Code
Select the branch code from the option list.
8-38
Customer Id
Select the customer Id from the option list.
Alternate Account Number
Select the alternate account number from the option list.
Maturity Date
Specify the value date.
Currency
Select the currency of the transaction from the option list.
Authorized
Select the authorization status of the contract from the drop-down list.
When you click ‘Search’ button the records matching the specified search criteria are displayed.
For each record fetched by the system based on your query criteria, the following details are
displayed:
•
Account Number
•
Branch Code
•
Application Number
•
Customer Id
•
Customer Name
•
Product
•
Alternate Account Number
•
Value Date
•
Maturity Date
•
Amount
•
Currency
•
User Defined Status
•
Contract Status
•
Authorized
8-39
Click ‘Advanced Search’ to display the screen below:
You can query a contract based on any of the following details:
•
Account Number
•
Branch Code
•
Application Number
•
Customer Id
•
Customer Name
•
Product
•
Alternate Account Number
•
Value Date
•
Maturity Date
•
Amount
•
Currency
•
User Defined Status
•
Contract Status
•
Authorized
8.3.8 Amending Commitments
Once a Commitment is entered and authorized, changes to the Commitment account can be
done through the ‘Commitment Amendments’ screen. These amendments are based on an
effective date and hence are called Value Dated Amendments (VAM).
Oracle FLEXCUBE allows you to change the credit limit using the value dated amendments
screen on or before the maturity date of the loan account. You can also change the maturity date
for an open line loan using the value dated amendments screen with a back valued effective date.
For open line loans, the account rollover is restricted.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘ CLDCMTVM’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
8-40
For more details on the field explanation of each tab refer section ‘Creating a Commitment
Account’ in the ‘Account Creation’ chapter of this User Manual.
8.3.9 VAMI Simulation
Value Dated Amendment simulation calculation function is used to get the details of the VAMI
charge before applying the same. You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDSIMVD’ in the field at
the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
The Value Dated Amendment Simulation screen is similar to ‘Amendments’ screen.
8-41
For more details on the field explanation refer section ‘Creating a Loan Account’ in ‘Account
Creation’ chapter of this User Manual. Also refer ‘Loan Amendments’ section in this chapter.
8.3.9.1 Maturity Date Change
The Amendment of the Loan account maturity date, effective on a certain date can be performed
through this function. Future schedules are affected based on the effective date. This assists in
providing schedules as per the customer’s choice. Hence, even if an extension is sought, the
interest increase in the installment can be postponed till a certain period to facilitate customer’s
liquidity situation.
8.3.9.2 Version Creation
Version numbers are created for a loan account during any one of the following three instances:
• When amendments made to the Account parameters – Principal, Rate and Tenor
• Rollover of the Loan product
8.4
Viewing Account Version History and Reversal
Multiple versions created for a loan account can be viewed through the ‘Account–View History’
screen. Reversal of operations to previous version is supported for Rollovers and Amendments
that create a new version. You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDACHST’ in the field at the
top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
The CL module has the following features:
• Oracle FLEXCUBE CL module Loan accounts have in-built versioning features.
• Contract parameters and hence the loan behaviour are modified based on operations
such as Value dated amendments, Contract amendments, Rollovers etc, thus creating a
new version.
• Any version of the loan can be backtracked sequentially to a previous configuration by
saving the versions in history and by changing the events diary appropriately.
• This can be viewed by scrolling to the appropriate version number.
8-42
• Oracle FLEXCUBE supports an incremental reversal of contract version. While reversing,
all the events will be reversed and the balances are appropriately affected.
• When you click Reversal icon in the toolbar, the options presented are Entire Contract and
Current Version.
• For a single step reversal, all authorized entries and maintenances are reversed through
this operation. A new version is created and a new event REVV – Reverse Version is
triggered.
• It is also possible to forward track the same changes after back tracking
• If the entire contract is to be reversed, REVC fires when the version to be reversed is the
First version.
Refer the ‘General Maintenance’ Chapter of this User Manual for further information on the
‘Account Details Screen’ and ‘Version Control’.
8.5
Manual Status Change
The status change can also be triggered manually. The status change can also be done with a
value date which can even be in the past.
You can invoke the ‘Manual Installment Status Change’ screen by typing ‘CLDMSTCH’ in the field
at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
The following details are captured here:
Branch Code
Enter the branch code of the account for which the status will be manually changed in this field.
Account Number
Select the account number of the account which needs a status change in this field by clicking the
adjoining option list. A list of values is displayed. Double click on a value to select it.
Current Status
The system displays the current status of the Account in this field.
8-43
New Status
Select the new status of the account by clicking the adjoining option list. A list of values appears.
Double click on a value to select it.
The valid values are active, dormant, closed and so on.
This is a mandatory input.
Effective Date
Enter the date of the new status for the account comes into effect in this field. This is a mandatory
input.
When a change in status is done manually for an account, the system will post the required
accounting entries for the change immediately.
8.6
Partial Write Off
The bank considers writing off a loan when a customer is in arrears for a very long time. It then
moves the status of such loan to ‘Write Off’ which is the worst status for a Loan. Oracle
FLEXCUBE system follows the normal liquidation order for write offs.
The CL module in Oracle FLEXCUBE allows for writing off a loan partially. You can then at any
point of time irrespective of the contract status write off a partial amount of the loan.
The following points are noteworthy in a Partial Write Off scenario:
• During a Partial Write Off a transaction triggers the movement of Principal and Income
Receivables.
• A customer is liable to pay the complete outstanding amount against a loan even though a
partial amount if written off. The bank just uses the Partial Write Off for moving balances
from one GL to another.
• A Manual Write Off allows you to choose the amount to be written off.
A Partial Write Off does not necessarily change the status of a loan but that of the ledger to
the extent of partial write off amount.
Whenever a partial write off is done on a loan account, the PWOF event is triggered. Based on
the accounting entries maintained for PWOF event at the Product level accounting entries will be
booked. For all Credit Legs maintained for the PWOF event you should choose to split balances.
Split Balances maintained for the Credit Legs of the PWOF Event are always ‘YES’.
Amount Tag <COMPONENT_NAME>_PWOF is made available for framing accounting entries
towards Real GLs movement while Amount Tag <COMPONENT_NAME>_PWOF_CONT is
made available towards framing accounting entries for Contingent GL Movement.
Some sample amount tags and accounting roles available for framing accounting entries for the
PWOF event are as shown below:
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
MAIN_INTEXP_NORM
MAIN_INT_PWOF
8-44
MAIN_INTREC_NORM
MAIN_INT_PWOF
LOAN_ACCOUNT_OVD1
PRINCIPAL_PWOF
PRINCIPALEXP_OVD1
PRINCIPAL_PWOF
PRE_PENEXP_NORM
PRE_PEN_PWOF
PRE_PENREC_NORM
PRE_PEN_PWOF
CONT_W_DOUB
CONT_SUBS
MAIN_INT_PWOF_CONT
MAIN_INT_PWOF_CONT
For more details on maintaining events and accounting entries at Product level refer section titled
‘Events Tab’ and ‘Defining Accounting Entries’ respectively in the chapter titled ‘Defining Product
Categories and Products’ in this User Manual.
8.6.1.1 Manual Partial Write Off
A partial write off on a loan account is possible at any time during the life cycle of a CL contract
irrespective of its status. You can manually initiate a partial write off for a loan account using the
‘Partial Write Off’ screen. You can invoke the ‘Partial Write Off’ screen by typing ‘CLDPWOFF’ in
the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow
button.
The following details are captured here:
Branch Name
The current branch code is defaulted here. You can initiate a Partial Write Off only from the
current branch.
Account Number
Select the appropriate account number from the option list provided. The option list displays all
the accounts belonging to the current branch.
8-45
Effective Date
This is the date from which the partial write off on the loan account should become effective. The
current application date is defaulted here.
Current Status
The current status of the selected loan account is displayed here.
Write Off Percentage
Specify the percentage of loan amount that has to be partially written off and click ‘Calculate’ to
allow the system to determine the write off amount basis the total outstanding amount. This is
optional.
Partial Write Off Amount
Specify the loan amount to be partially written off. If you have already specified the write off
percentage then system will calculate the write off amount calculated based on the percentage
provided on total outstanding.
Saving the write off transaction triggers the PWOF event and system passes accounting entries
based on the accounting entries maintained at the product level in accordance with the account
status. If the CL account currency and component currency are different, accounting entries are
always passed in the component currency.
Upon executing a write off, the amount specified is split across components based on the
liquidation order..The account entry is then passed for components with the latest severity
respectively, so that such balance is picked up first if subsequent payment happens. For
subsequent payments after a write off, system first considers the previously written off balance
and then the written off amount for balancing.
The write off amount is split across components and not schedules.
In the scenario of a status change after write off, balance movement happens in the Normal Asset
GL and the Partial Write Off GL. If a Contingent GL accrual precedes a write off then the
Contingent GL balance is moved to a Contingent Write Off GL as defined in the PWOF
accounting entry definition. The real balances are in turn moved to the Real Write Off GL.
8.7
Rollover Operations
The rollover preferences and rollover type for a loan account are specified at the time of setting
up a product. In the product screen, you have the option to rollover the account manually or
instruct the system to do an automatic rollover. You can also specify the type of rollover; the
options available are custom and special. When a loan is rolled over, a schedule is defaulted
depending upon the UDE type and the schedule basis specified in the product screen.
8-46
Refer to the Products Chapter for more details on rollover specifications for loan accounts.
The rollover preferences specified at the product level are defaulted in the accounts screen at the
time of loan account creation.
Refer to the Account Creation chapter for more details on rollover specifications for loan
accounts.
You can also book the future dated rollovers with both the rollover value date and execution date
as maturity date of the loan. On the execution date, the rollover on this loan will be processed
during the BOD process. At the time of batch processing, the system considers the latest
available floating interest rate as of the date derived from the rollover execution date and rate set
days. An advice comprising of rollover details is generated at the time of rollover booking.
8-47
CL module has a special operations screen to support manual Rollover of accounts. This screen
provides facility to pay off dues on the loan and also options to rollover the unpaid amounts for a
new tenor with new loan terms.
If the Rollover is a simple maturity extension with or without components (Outstanding Principal,
Interest etc) capitalized, then the ROLL event is fired. However, if the Rollover is a result of
Renegotiation and Restructuring of the loan then the respective events are fired.
Special Rollovers involve a change in the Loan currency, reassignment of the Loan customer,
creation of a new loan with same reference number as the original loan and waiver of outstanding
loan. These are supported by events that fire the respective accounting entries.
The special Rollover Event is SROL and Renegotiation of a loan is RNOG. The event entries to
be maintained are displayed in the product defaulting.
8.7.1 Capturing Manual Rollover Details
You can invoke the ‘Manual Rollover’ screen by typing ‘CLDMROLL’ in the field at the top right
corner of the Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
Query for the account number that needs to be rolled over and then click New icon in the toolbar.
Then, click on the ‘Populate Outstanding’ button. The system will display the outstanding against
each component for the account. You can then specify the rollover details such as ‘Liquidation
Amount’, ‘Settlement Details’ etc. Then, click ‘Allocate’ button to actually allocate the settlements
against the components involved.
8.7.1.1 Rollover/Renegotiation Tab
You can specify the following details in the Manual Rollover screen:
8-48
Exec Date
Select the transaction date of the rollover in this field.
Value Date
Select the value date of the rollover in this field.
Product code
Select the new product of the account due to Special Rollover, from the adjoining option list.
Double click on a value to select it.
Currency
Select the new currency of the account due to Special Rollover from the adjoining option list.
Double click on a value to select it.
Customer ID
Select the customer Id from the list of values provided. Double click on a value to select it.
Component Details
The following details are captured here:
Component Name
The system displays the name of the component that is being rolled over / paid in this field.
Amount Outstanding
The system displays the outstanding portion of the component in this field.
Liquidation Amount
Enter the amount that is paid as part of the Rollover in this field.
Principal Increase Amount
Enter the amount that is rolled over for the component in this field.
Waive Amount
Enter the amount that is waived for the component as part of the rollover in this field.
Debit Details/Credit Details
The following details are captured here:
Mode
Select the mode in which the settlement should be done from the adjoining drop-down list. The
list displays the following values:
• CASA
• Credit Card
• Clearing
8-49
• Cash/Teller
Currency
Select the currency in which a particular settlement is to be made from the adjoining option list.
Double click on a value to select it.
The options include list of currencies allowed for the product, branch and category.
Amount Settled
Enter the amount to be disbursed in this mode as a part of the disbursement.
If there have been any financial amendments for the loan account (like principal increase, change
in interest rates) in the period between billing notice generation and the current schedule
payment, the actual amount that needs to be collected from the customer may vary from the
billed amount. In such a case, the system checks if the amount settled is higher or lower than the
actual amount that needs to be received. If the amount settled is higher, the system reduces the
differential from the next schedule to be paid by the customer, if the customer has paid the billed
amount for the current schedule.
If the settled amount for the current schedule is lower than the actual amount to be received from
the customer and the customer has paid the billed amount, the differential is added to the next
schedule without any penalty. However, if the settled amount is lower than the billed amount for
the current schedule, the system calculates a penalty on the difference between the amount due
for the current schedule and the settled amount and adds this amount to the next schedule due
amount.
The amount should be less than the difference between Disbursement amount and the
amount settled through other modes. The amount should be in terms of the mode currency.
Loan Currency Equivalent
The system displays the amount in terms of the loan currency in this field.
Original Exchange Rate
The base or actual exchange rate between the account currency and settlement currency gets
displayed here.
Exchange Rate
For a customer availing any Relationship Pricing scheme, the customer specific exchange rate
derived by adding the original exchange rate and the customer spread maintained for the
relationship pricing scheme gets displayed here.
You can change the defaulted rate provided the change is within the variance level maintained for
the underlying product.
If Relationship Pricing is not applicable, Exchange Rate will be the same as the Original
Exchange Rate.
For more details on customer specific exchange rates, refer the section titled ‘Specifying Pricing
Benefit Details’ in Relationship Pricing user manual.
For Dr Settlement, the following details can be captured depending on the settlement mode:
8-50
For ‘Savings/Checking’
• Settlement Branch
• Settlement Account
For ‘Credit Card’ and ‘Debit Card’
• Card No.
For ‘Clearing’
• Upload Source
• Instrument Number
• Clearing Product
• End Point
• Routing Number
• Clearing Bank
• Clearing Branch
• Sector Code
• Clearing House
For ‘External Account’
• Upload Source
• PC Category
• Clearing Bank
• Clearing Branch
• External Account Name
• External Account Number
• Clearing House
For ‘Electronic Pay Order’
• Instrument Number
For ‘Internal Check’
• Instrument Number
• Settlement Branch
• Settlement Account
For ‘Instrument’
• Instrument Number
• Routing Number
• End Point
For ‘Cash/Teller’
• Upload Source
For Cr Settlement, the following details can be captured depending on the settlement mode:
For ‘CASA’
• Settlement Branch
• Settlement Account
8-51
For ‘Clearing’
• Upload Source
• Instrument Number
• Clearing Product
• End Point
• Routing Number
• Clearing Bank
• Clearing Branch
• Sector Code
• Clearing House
For ‘External Account’
• Upload Source
• PC Category
• Clearing Bank
• Clearing Branch
• External Account Name
• External Account Number
• Clearing House
For ‘Instrument’
• Instrument Number
• Routing Number
• End Point
For ‘Cash/Teller’
• Upload Source
Negotiated Cost Rate
Specify the negotiated cost rate that should be used for foreign currency transactions between
the treasury and the branch. You need to specify the rate only when the currencies involved in
the transaction are different. Otherwise, it will be a normal transaction.
Negotiated Reference Number
Specify the reference number that should be used for negotiation of cost rate, in foreign currency
transaction. If you have specified the negotiated cost rate, then you need to specify the
negotiated reference number also.
Oracle FLEXCUBE books the online revaluation entries based on the difference in exchange
rate between the negotiated cost rate and transaction rate.
The CL Module supports the following rollover functions:
Special Rollover
Only manual product and/or currency modifications are allowed during rollover. This is termed as
Special rollover.
8-52
Following are the two events for special rollover:
SROL – Special Rollover Liquidation
This event has normal liquidation entries as well as the entries to liquidate the amount to be rolled
over into suspense.
Amount Tag
<component_name>_SROL
Accounting Role
SROL_SUSPENSE
The entries defined are:
Dr/Cr
Role
Amount Tag
Dr
DR_SETTLE_BRIDGE
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
Cr
LOAN_ACCOUNT
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
Dr
DR_SETTLE_BRIDGE
MAIN_INT_LIQD
Cr
MAIN_INTREC
MAIN_INT_LIQD
Dr
SROL_SUSPENSE
PRINCIPAL_SROL
Cr
LOAN_ACCOUNT
PRINCIPAL_SROL
Dr
SROL_SUSPENSE
MAIN_INT_SROL
Cr
MAIN_INTREC
MAIN_INT_SROL
REOP – Re-Opening of Loan Account with new product and/or currency
This event has entries to Dr Loan Account and Cr the Dr Settlement suspense. The PRINCIPAL
amount tag is used for these entries.
The entries defined are:
Dr/Cr
Role
Amount Tag
Dr
LOAN_ACCOUNT
PRINCIPAL
Cr
SROL_SUSPENSE
PRINCIPAL
Dr
LOAN_ACCOUNT
PRINCIPAL_INCR
Cr
CR_SETTLE_BRIDGE
PRINCIPAL_INCR
The above two events are triggered whenever Product and/or currency is changed during manual
rollover.
8-53
The manual rollover screen is used to carry out special rollover. The current product code and
currency are shown on the manual rollover tab. If any of this were modified then SROL event is
triggered, which in turn triggers REOP, else, a normal ROLL event is triggered.
In case of Product Change, SROL event of the previous product is triggered and REOP event
of the new product is fired. Hence the SROL_SUSPENSE maintained should be same across all
products.
Pre Mature Rollover
During manual rollover a Rollover Value Date is captured, which is a date prior to the maturity
date to pre maturely rollover the loan. The interest is calculated up to the rollover value date. You
can choose to liquidate or roll any component. Special Rollover is also allowed.
Back Value dated Rollover
The rollover value date may be used to input back valued rollovers.
Rollover Booking
The ROLB (Rollover Book) event facilitates processing of future dated rollover instructions. A
manual rollover, to be executed in the future can be created by giving a future execution date. For
such rollover instructions, the ROLB event is fired. The rollover instructions are applied on the
execution date. All the settlement entries are passed on the execution date with the rollover value
date.
Rollover Tenor
Select any of the following values:
• Days – The Tenor for the Rolled Contract would be taken in terms of days.
Example: Value Date: 01-Jan-2005; Maturity Date: 01-Apr-2005; Tenor: 90 days
New Rolled Maturity Date: 30-Jun-2005
• Months – In Terms of Months
Example: Value Date: 01-Jan-2005; Maturity Date: 01-Apr-2005; Tenor: 3 Months
New Rolled Maturity Date: 01-Jul-2005
• Quarters – In Terms of Quarters
Example: Value Date: 01-Jan-2005; Maturity Date: 01-Apr-2005; Tenor: 3 Months (1 Quarter)
New Rolled Maturity Date: 01-Jul-2005
• Semiannual – In Terms of Semi Annuals
Example: Value Date: 01-Jan-2005; Maturity Date: 01-Apr-2005; Tenor: 6 Months (Semi Annual)
New Rolled Maturity Date: 01-Oct-2005
• Year – In Terms of Years
Example: Value Date: 01-Jan-2005; Maturity Date: 01-Apr-2005; Tenor: 12 Months (Year)
New Rolled Maturity Date: 01-Apr-2006
8-54
The same field is available on the Account screen and the values are defaulted from product. The
defaulted values can be amended.
During rollover of an auto-disbursed loan, swift message is sent if the Principal increase through
credit settlement happens. If the credit settlement mode is chosen as Savings/Checking, the
settlement account, currency and branch along with the Swift message details are defaulted from
the account.
In case you change the customer, currency or the product during rollover, system picks up the
settlement details again from Settlement Instruction maintenance corresponding to the new
parameters. The swift message, if applicable, is generated during authorization similar to manual
disbursement.
8.7.2 Saving and Authorizing Manual Rollover Details
After entering the details in the ‘Manual Rollover’ screen, click ‘Save’ icon to save the payment
details. On saving the account, the system validates the value of the amount financed against the
following:
• Product transaction limit
• User Input limit
If the transaction currency and the limit currency are different, then the system converts the
amount financed to limit currency and checks if the same is in excess of the product transaction
limit and user input limit. If this holds true, the system indicates the same with below
override/error messages:
• Number of levels required for authorizing the transaction
• Transaction amount is in excess of the input limit of the user
You can authorize a manual rollover by clicking the ‘Authorize’ icon on the Application toolbar.
You cannot authorise from the ‘CL Payments’ screen in the following cases:
• the contract has multilevel of authorization pending, the same will be done using the
‘Multilevel Authorization Detailed’ screen
• the level of authorization is greater than or equal to ‘N’
•
the ‘Nth’ or the final level of the users authorization limit is less than the difference
between amount financed and sum of the limits of all the users involved in authorizing a
transaction, this case holds good when the ‘Cumulative’ field is checked in the ‘Product
Transaction Limits Maintenance’ screen
• the transaction amount is greater than the authorizer’s authorization limit if the
‘Cumulative’ field is unchecked in the ‘Product Transaction Limits Maintenance’ screen
8.7.3 Capturing Split Rollover Details
You can create multiple draw down contracts out of the original draw down contract using the
Split rollover method. For each rolled over contract, the system generates a split number. You
must indicate preferences for these rolled over contracts in the ‘Split Rollover’ screen.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDSROLL’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
8-55
You need to specify the following details here:
Split Ref Number
A unique Split Transaction Reference number is generated by the system to identify the
transaction uniquely whenever a new split preference is displayed here.
Account Number
Select a valid loan account for which the split rollover has to be done. All valid loan accounts
created using the ‘Account Details’ screen will be available for selection in the option list.
Value Date
Select the value date for the split rollover operation.
Value Date cannot be less than the date of 'ALIQ','MLIQ','REVN', 'VAMI', 'DSBR' events.
Branch Code
The branch code of the loan account for which the split rollover preference is maintained is
displayed here.
UDE Basis
Select the UDE basis for the split loan accounts from the drop down list. The UDE for the split
loans can be defaulted from the product, parent account or user defined maintenance.
If you select user defined maintenance, then you need to specify the UDE details.
Effective Date
Select the effective date for UDE maintenance.
UDE Values
The following details are captured here:
8-56
UDE ID
Specify the UDE id here.
UDE Value
Specify the UDE rates here.
Rate Code
Select the rate code to be used for the UDE.
Rate Usage
Select whether the rate code should be periodic or automatic. If you select the rate code usage
as periodic, the rate revision schedules will be defaulted from parent loan account. In case rate
revision schedule is not maintained at the parent account, then rate revision schedules will be
same as the payment schedules.
Split Details
The following details are captured here:
Sequence Number
Specify a unique sequence number for each split record.
Split Account Number
The split account no which is generated when split rollover operation is done is displayed here.
This is generated by the system.
Max Roll Amount
Specify the maximum rollover amount applicable for a split loan account. Among all the splits, the
last split sequence no. will have the max roll amount as Null, which is later considered as the
remaining principal + interest of the parent loan.
Schedule Basis
Select whether the schedules of the new loan account should be defaulted from the product or
the loan account.
Maturity date
Select the maturity date of the split loan account. You can calculate the maturity date using the
‘Q’ button.
On saving a split rollover the status of the rollover is marked as ‘U’- unprocessed. This split
operation is performed during authorization of split rollover or during CL batch.
In the parent account a new version is created and the account status is marked as Liquidated.
For each of the split detail record, a new CL Loan account is created with the amount as the max
rollover amount. The new account will have UDE values, Schedules and Maturity date as per the
given preferences for each detail record. For the last split detail record, a new CL Loan account is
created with the balance rollover amount.
8-57
In some cases due to some prepayment done in the parent account the total amount during
rollover is exhausted before the last split account is created. In such a case the new loan
account is created only for the available rollover amount. All the newly created Split loan accounts
will be made active by the system. The new account numbers generated is updated and
displayed in the ‘Split Account No’ field.
The following events are fired during the different stages:
• ROBK event is fired in all the split accounts
• ROLL event is fired in the parent account to trigger the LIQD and ROLL accounting
entries.
• ROSL (Rollover Split) event is fired in the parent loan at split rollover
8.7.4 Capturing Consolidated Rollover Details
You can consolidate several loan accounts into a single loan account as part of the rollover
operation using the ‘Consolidated Rollover’ screen. You can invoke this screen by typing
‘CLDCROLL’’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking on the
adjoining arrow button.
You need to specify the following details here:
Branch
The branch code of the loan account for which the consolidated rollover preference is maintained
is displayed here.
Value Date
Select the value date for the consolidation operation.
8-58
MIS Basis
Select the option from the drop-down list to indicate from where the MIS details of the
consolidated account should be defaulted. The MIS details can be defaulted from the account or
user defined maintenance.
If you select user defined maintenance, then you need to specify the MIS details by clicking
the ‘MIS’ button.
UDF basis
Select the option from the drop-down list to indicate from where the user defined fields of the
consolidated account should be defaulted. The UDF can be defaulted from the product, account
or user defined maintenance.
If you select user defined maintenance, then you need to specify the UDF details by clicking
the ‘UDF’ button.
Settlement Basis
Select the option from the drop-down list to indicate from where the settlement details of the
consolidated account should be defaulted. The Settlement details can be defaulted from the
account or user defined maintenance.
If you select user defined maintenance, then you need to specify the settlement details by
clicking the ‘Settlement Details’ button.
Consol Txn Ref Number
A unique system-generated consolidated Txn Reference number to identify the transaction is
displayed here.
Consol Roll Acc
A system generated consolidated loan account number is displayed here after the rollover
operation is done.
UDE Basis
Select the option from the drop-down list to indicate from where the UDE details of the
consolidated account should be defaulted. The UDE details can be defaulted from the product,
account or user defined maintenance.
If you select user defined maintenance, then you need to specify the UDE details.
Schedule Basis
Select the option from the drop-down list to indicate from where the schedule details of the
consolidated account should be defaulted. The schedule details can be defaulted from the
product, account or user defined maintenance.
If you select user defined maintenance, then you need to specify the schedule details.
8-59
Customer
Select the customer name whose multiple CL or LS loan accounts have to be consolidated from
the option list.
Currency
Select a currency code for the consolidation operation from the option list. All participating loans
should belong to the same currency.
Product Code
Select a valid CL or LS module product code from the option list. All the loan accounts that are
chosen for rollover consolidation should belong to this product.
Rollover Amt
Specify the additional amount which would be added to the consolidated loan.
Maturity Date
Select the maturity date of the consolidated loan account. You can calculate the maturity date
using the ‘Q’ button.
Effective Date
Select the effective date for UDE maintenance.
UDE Id
Specify the UDE ID here.
UDE Value
Specify the UDE rates here.
Rate Code
Specify the rate code to be used for the UDE.
Rate Usage
Select the rate code usage from the drop-down list. The rate code usage can be either periodic or
automatic. If the rate code usage is periodic, the rate revision schedules will be defaulted from the
driver loan account. In case the rate revision schedule is not maintained at the driver loan
account, then rate revision schedules will be same as the payment schedules.
Account Number
Select the loan account no for consolidation from the option list.
Rollover Amount Type
Select the amount which has to be rolled over from the drop-down list. You can choose to rollover
the Principal or Principal + other components. If the rollover amount type is specified as the
Principal, then all other components would be liquidated during the consolidation in respective
loan accounts.
8-60
Driver Contract
Select ‘Yes’ from the drop-down to indicate that the selected account is a driver account. The
details for the consolidated loan are defaulted from this driver account. There can be only one
driver contract.
On saving a consolidated rollover the status of the rollover is marked as ‘U’- Unprocessed.
This consolidation operation is performed during authorization of split rollover or during CL batch.
In the participant accounts a new version would be created and the account status of each loan
would be marked as liquidated ‘L’.
A new consolidated loan account is created by consolidating all the amount preferences specified
for individual participant loans. The new account will have UDE values, settlement details and
MIS basis as per the given preferences.
The newly created consolidated loan account will be active. The status of consolidated rollover
record would then be marked as ‘P’ – Processed and the generated consolidated loan account
number is updated in the consolidated ‘Consol Roll Acc’ field.
The following events are fired at different stages:
• ROLL event is fired in all the participant loan accounts to fire LIQD and ROLL accounting
entries.
• ROCL event is fired in all the participant loan accounts which are selected for
consolidation.
• ROBK event is fired in the consolidated account
• DSBR event is fired in the consolidated account if any special rollover amount is specified.
8.7.5 Capturing Inactive Rollover Details
This function is provided to save Inactive rollover instructions. Click on the ‘Activate’ button on the
Inactive Rollover screen to activate the inactive rollover instructions.
When an Inactive instruction is saved, no events are processed. And when activated, all the
applicable events are fired.
This screen captures payment details such as Value date of the payment, Amount Settled,
Payment Mode, Related Payment Products and Settlement Account. The payment is against any
of the loan components such as principal, interest etc.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDIMROL’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
The procedure to create an Inactive Rollover is similar to the Manual Rollover process. However,
you have the additional facility to activate the rollover by clicking on the ‘Activate Rollover’ button.
8-61
The ‘Inactive Rollover’ screen is identical to the ‘Manual Rollover’ screen.
For more details on the field explanations refer section ‘Capturing Manual Rollover Details ‘in this
chapter.
8.8
Adjusting Loan Utilizations
Utilizations for loan accounts linked to active non-revolving lines can be increased or decreased
to reflect the current limit through the ‘Utilization Update for Non-revolving Lines’ screen.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDRDUTL’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
The system defaults the branch code of the local branch. To initiate a utilization update, you need
to specify the following details:
8-62
Account Number
Select the loan account for which utilization amount update is required. You can also select the
loan account from the adjoining option list. This list contains all the loan accounts (including
liquidated ones) linked to active non-revolving lines in the local branch.
The system displays the following details when you select the loan account:
• Reinstatement No – the number of times utilization amount has been updated for the
account number selected. The value, after the first utilization update has been saved, is ‘1'
and it is incremented by one each time the utilization amount is updated.
• Customer No – the CIF ID of the customer
• Customer Name – the name of the customer
• Line Id – the line for which the utilization amount should be changed
• Amount Financed – the total loan amount
• Currency – the loan currency
• Amount Disbursed – loan amount disbursed so far
• Available Amount – will be null in case of non-revolving loans. In case of revolving loans, it
will be the amount that can be disbursed.
• Ccy – contract currency
Reduce Utilization Amount By
Enter the utilization amount to be reduced for the loan account. After you save and authorize the
utilization update, the system will reduce the utilized amount for the line by the amount specified,
and increase the available amount for the line by the same amount.
If the line currency is different from the contract currency, the available amount will be increased
by an equivalent of the utilization amount you specify. Additionally, once you authorize a record,
the system will not allow you to modify or close it.
You can also enter a negative amount here. In this case, the system displays an override, which
you need to accept. After you save and authorize the record, the system will increase the
utilization amount.
The system will display an error message in the following scenarios:
• When the total reinstatement amount is more than the amount disbursed for both the
revolving and non-revolving loans.
• When the total reinstatement amount exceeds the line utilized by that loan.
• When the line available amount exceeds the effective line amount after reinstatement.
8.8.1
Viewing Utilization Update Details
You can query and view details of the utilization amount reductions that are available in the
system through the ‘Utilization Update for Non-revolving Lines Summary’ screen.
8-63
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLSRDUTL’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
In this screen, specify the parameters for the query. The parameters that are available are:
• Authorization Status
• Account Number
• Customer No
• Record Status
• Reinstatement No
After you have specified the parameters, click ‘Search’. The system displays all the records that
match the parameters. If you do not specify any parameter before clicking ‘Search’, the system
will display all utilization records available. To view a record in detail, double-click on it.
8.9
Tracking Balances
A loan can move from one status to another during its life-cycle, for instance from normal status
to a non-performing one. The accounting entries applicable, the apportioning of income received
in non-accrual status is treated differently from those in the normal status. Additionally, your bank
can track the balances for this loan and charge-off the principal amount fully or partially.
Oracle FLEXCUBE facilitates the above operations for loan accounts whose status has changed
from normal to non- accrual. The non-accrual status can be Non-Accrual Principal (NAP) or NonAccrual Cash (NAC) and the balances that are tracked for a loan in either of these statuses are:
•
Customer Balances
8-64
•
•
Private Balances.
Charge-off Balances
Customer balances refer to the balance that exists before the status change and this is not
impacted by the change in the status to non-accrual. The outstanding principal, the accrued
interest and the unpaid interest are calculated as it is for a normal status. However, no accounting
entries are passed. This balance does not change with any change in private balances or chargeoff balances.
Initially, private balances for an ‘All Components’ loan (explained below in ‘Maintenances for
balances Tracking’) represent the principal outstanding at the time of the status change i.e. when
the loan status changes from normal to non-accrual. Subsequently this balance gets reduced by
any principal, interest payment or fee payment received for the loan and amounts charged-off
when it is in the ‘All Components’ status. For a ‘Principal Component’ loan, the balance is
reduced only by the principal repayments made for the loan.
Charge-off balances represent the amount of principal outstanding that has been charged off.
This can be a partial or the full amount of principal outstanding and is applicable to loans
belonging to NAC or NAP statuses. When you charge-off a loan, you are essentially removing it
from the books of your bank. The system maintains a record of all the charge-offs done for a loan
and the balance at any point represents the total charge offs done for the loan less recoveries.
Apart from the above, the system also tracks the interest accrued and the interest collected for
the loan since the change of status to non-accrual.
8.9.1 Maintenances for Balances Tracking
Whenever a payment is received against a loan in the non-accrual status – it can for principal,
main interest or penal interest - the system apportions it based on the maintenance you have
done as part of ‘Status’ details at the product level . If you have selected the ‘All Components’ as
your Private Balance Rule, the system will use the payments received for all the components to
reduce the Private Balance for the loan. If you have selected ‘Principal Component’, only those
payments which are received for the principal component of the loan will be used to reduce the
Private Balance.
Apart from specifying the preference above, you are required to map the following accounting
roles to GLs in the ‘Role To Head’ tab of the ‘Product’ screen for posting accounting entries for
different statuses:
A/c Role
Description
LOAN_ACCOUN
T_CHOF
GL Head in
NORM
Status
GL Head in
NAP Status
GL Head in
NAC Status
Loan Account
Charge Off
ALLL – A NonPerforming
Asset booking
GL
ALLL - A NonPerforming
Asset booking
GL
MAIN_INT_CHO
F
Main Interest
Charge off
Reduction
ALLL – A NonPerforming
Asset booking
GL
<<PEN_INT>>_
CHOF
Penal Interest
Charge off
reduction
ALLL – A NonPerforming
Asset booking
8-65
GL
LOAN_ACCOUN
T_NACR
Loan Account
income in Non
performing
status
Income GL
Income GL
MAIN_INTINC_N
ACR
Main Interest
Income NonAccrual
Income GL
Income GL
PEN_INTINC_N
ACR
Penal Interest
Income NonAccrual
Income GL
Income GL
LOAN_ACCOUN
T
Loan asset
Normal Loan
Asset GL
Non-Performing
Asset GL
NonPerforming
Asset GL
MAIN_INT_INC
Main interest
Income
Normal
Interest
Income GL
Non-Performing
Status Income
GL
NonPerforming
Status Income
GL
PEN_INT_INC
Penal Interest
Income
Normal
Interest
Income GL
Non-Performing
Status Income
GL
NonPerforming
Status Income
GL
8.9.2 Processing Charge-offs
As mentioned above, a charge-off is done to the principal part of a non-performing loan
(NAC/NAP). You can specify the amount that needs to be charged off in the ‘Charge-off Online’
screen. To invoke this screen, type ‘CLDCHOF’ in the field at top right corner of the Application
tool bar and click the adjoining arrow button.
8-66
In this screen, specify the following details for the charge-off:
Account
Specify the loan account for which the charge-off should be done. You can also select the loan
from the adjoining option list. The list contains all the valid loan accounts.
Sequence Number
The system generates and displays the sequence number for the record.
Event Seq No
The system will automatically generate the event sequence number after the authorization of the
Charge-off.
Value Date
The system defaults the current system date. You cannot modify it.
Charge Off Indicator
Specify, from the adjoining option list, the portion of the principal that should be charged off. You
have the following options:
• Partial Charge off – only the amount specified is charged off
• Full Charge Off – the full principal amount for the non-performing loan is charged-off
• Null Charge Off - this is used to change the status back to normal
Charge Off Amount
Specify the amount that needs to be charged off. This needs to be lower than the Private Balance
for the loan. In case you wish to reverse a charge-off that was previously done, you can do so by
entering a negative amount. However, the maximum amount that can be reversed is the total
charge-off amount existing against the account so far.
Note the following:
• The Private Balance for the loan will be reduced to the extent of the amount charged off.
• For an ‘All Components’ loan, in case of a partial charge off, any payment received will be
used to reduce the private balance first and subsequently as recovery for the charge off
amount.
Remarks
Specify any additional information for the charge-off.
Branch Code
The system defaults the branch code of the current working branch.
Currency
The system displays the loan currency.
Private Balance
The system displays the private balance existing for the loan.
8-67
Charge Off Balance
The system displays the net amount charged off so far for the loan. This is the total charge-off
amount so far less any recoveries.
When you save and authorize a charge-off record, the CHOF event is fired, the private balance is
reduced by the amount of the charge-off and the charge off balance is increased by the same
amount.
8.9.3 Processing Payments for Loans in NAC/NAP statuses
If principal payments are received, then for loans under either NAC or NAP status, the system:
• Reduces the customer principal balance
• Credits the Loan Principal GL and reduces the private balance, where private balance > 0
• Credits the charge-off GL and reduces the charge-off balance, when the private balance is
nil and the Charge-off balance > 0
• Credits the non-accrual interest income GL, if both private and charge-off balances are nil
If interest payments are received, the system reduces the accrued and unpaid interest balance
for the customer. For an ‘All Components’ loans, the system:
• Credits the Non-Accrual Interest Collected GL account and reduces the private balance, if
private balance>0
• Credits the ALLL GL account and reduces the charge-off balance, if private balance = 0
and charge-off balance >0
• Credits the Interest Income GL if both private and charge-off balances are null
For NAC loans, the system credits the Non-accrual Cash Income GL.
The method of handling penal interest is similar to the process for main interest described
above.
8.9.3.1 Deriving private and charge-off balances
The system derives the private and charge-off balances based on the various operations done for
the loan account, for instance, disbursals made, amendments done, payments received, chargeoffs done and so on. The derivation of the balances and the effect of transactions are detailed
event-wise below:
Event: Book
At the time of booking the loan, both Private Balance as well as Charge-Off Balance is nil. The
former gets updated along with the loan balance and the latter when you input charge-off
transactions.
Event DSBR (Disbursal)
During Disbursal, the Private Balance gets incremented by the amount being disbursed
Event: VAMI (Value Dated Amendment)
Similar to a loan disbursal, the existing Private balance is incremented by the amount of principal
increase specified in the VAMI transaction.
8-68
Event: CHOF (Charge-Off)
When you charge-off the principal of a loan account, the existing Private Balance is reduced by
the amount in the charge-off transaction and the existing Charge-Off Balance is incremented by
the same amount.
Event: MLIQ & ALIQ (Manual Liquidation & Auto Liquidation)
Principal payments, main interest payments, penal interest payments can all be used to reduce
the Private Balance of a loan account. The following are the payments for private balances:
• Principal Payment - The lower of the two amounts – the principal payment amount and the
existing private balance – will be considered in case of a principal payment. If the private
balance is greater of the two amounts, it is reduced to the extent of the principal payment;
if it is lesser of the two amounts, it becomes nil after principal payment.
• Main Interest Payment - As with the principal payment, the lower of the two amounts – in
this case, the main interest amount and the existing private balance – is considered. If the
private balance is greater of the two amounts, it is reduced to the extent of the main
interest payment; if it is lesser of the two amounts, it becomes nil after the main interest
payment.
• Penal Interest Payment is processed the same way as the main interest payment. The
only difference is the amounts compared are the penal interest payment amount and the
existing private balance.
Interest payments (main and penal) will be used to reduce the Private Balance only if you
have set the ‘All Components’ option as your Private Balance Rule.
If the private balance is null and the ‘Private Balance Rule’ is set as ‘All Components’, the
following payments are used to reduce the charge-off balances:
• Principal Payment - The lower of the two amounts – the principal payment amount
remaining after reducing the private balance to null and the existing charge-off balance –
will be considered in case of a principal payment. If the charge-off balance is greater of the
two amounts, it is reduced to the extent of the amount paid; if it is lesser of the two
amounts, it becomes nil after the payment.
• Main Interest Payment - The lower of the two amounts – in this case, the main interest
amount left over after reducing the private balance to null and the current charge-off
balance – is considered. If the charge-off balance is greater of the two amounts, it is
reduced to the extent of the payment made; if it is lesser of the two amounts, it becomes
nil after the payment.
• Penal Interest Payment is processed the same way as the main interest payment. The
only difference is the amounts compared are the penal interest payment amount
remaining after the private balance has been made null and the existing charge-off
balance.
After the charge-off balances become null, the remaining portion of the payments can be used for
income realization, as follows:
• Principal Payment - The amount that will be used for income realization will be the amount
of principal payment left over after the charge-off balance has become nil.
• Main Interest Payment - The amount that will be used for income realization will be the
amount of main interest payment left over after the charge-off balance has become nil.
• Penal Interest Payment - The amount that will be used for income realization will be the
amount of penal interest payment left over after the charge-off balance has become nil
8-69
8.9.4 Processing Status Changes
When a loan account moves from normal status to a non-accrual one, the interest that is accrued
and unpaid so far is reversed from Income and credited to Interest Receivable and interest
accruals are stopped. Although customer balances continue to accrue interest as before,
accounting entries are not posted.
Similarly when a loan moves from non-accrual to normal status, the private balance and the
customer balance are equal and no charge-off balance should exist for the loan account. If a
charge-off balance does exist, then the system will not allow the status change. For interest
accrued and unpaid, the interest balance is debited to Interest Receivable and credited to
Interest. Additionally, for interest which accrued while the loan was in non-accrual status, the
Interest collected on Non-accrual GL is debited and Interest Income credited. Interest once again
begins to be accrued.
All amounts posted in non-performing GLs will be transferred to the respective performing GL
mapped, when the loan status moves back to normal. The following are the GLs for which the
transfer is done:
A/c Role
‘ From Status’ GL in
NAP/NAC Status
‘To Status’ GL in NORM
Status
LOAN_ACCOUNT
Non-Performing Asset GL
Normal Loan Asset GL
MAIN_INT_INC
Non-Performing Status
Income GL
Normal Interest Income
GL
PEN_INT_INC
Non-Performing Status
Income GL
Normal Interest Income
GL
MAIN_INT_RCV
Non-Performing Status
Income GL
Normal Interest
Receivable GL
PEN_INT_RCV
Non-Performing Status
Income GL
Normal Interest
Receivable GL
LOAN_ACCOUNT _CHOF
ALLL – Non-Performing
Asset booking GL
Normal Loan Asset GL
MAIN_INT_CHOF
ALLL – Non-Performing
Asset booking GL
Normal Loan Asset GL
PEN_INT_CHOF
ALLL – Non-Performing
Asset booking GL
Normal Loan Asset GL
LOAN_ACCOUNT_NACR
Non-Performing Status
Income GL
Normal Loan Asset GL
MAIN_INTINC_NACR
Non-Performing Status
Income GL
Normal Interest
Receivable GL
PEN_INTINC_NACR
Non-Performing Status
Income GL
Normal Interest
Receivable GL
8-70
8.9.5 Viewing Charge-off Details
You can query and view the existing charge off details in the ‘Charge Off’ screen. To invoke this
screen, type ‘CLSCHOF’ in the field at top right corner of the Application tool bar and click the
adjoining arrow button.
In this screen, you can specify the parameters for the query and click ‘Search’. The following are
the parameters available:
• Authorization Status
• Account
• Currency
• Record Status
• Branch Code
• Event Seq No
The system displays all the records matching the parameters specified.
8.10 Manual Triggering of Events
Any user defined event, which is set for ‘Manual’ event triggering can be triggered through the ‘CL
User defined Event Triggering’ screen.
8-71
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘UDDCLEVT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
Navigate to the contract for which you want to trigger an event and click new icon. The user
defined events linked to the product under which the contract has been processed will be
displayed. Select the event, which has to be triggered. The system displays the value date,
amount and currency if any derivation logic is written. However, you can change the values (of
value date, currency and amount) to suit your requirements.
The associated settlement details, advices, charge and tax details are picked up and the event
will be triggered when all the functions are successfully executed.
The following operations are allowed for this screen:
•
New - To trigger the user defined event of a CL account
•
Query - To query the existing user defined event triggered for a CL account
•
Authorize - To authorize the user defined event triggered for a CL account
•
Delete - To delete the user defined event triggered for a CL account(before authorization)
•
Reverse – To reverse the event triggered (after authorization)
On selecting the account and event, if the execution query exists for the particular user defined
event, it would be validated against the selected account number.
If the validation fails, the system throws a error message and the user cannot proceed in
triggering of the event for the selected account.
8-72
8.11 Viewing Triggering of Events
The user can view the event triggering through the ‘CL User defined Event Triggering Summary’
screen You can invoke this screen by typing ‘UDSCLEVT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
8.12 Liquidating Revolving Loans
You can manually liquidate specific revolving loans maintained in the system using ‘Revolving
Loan Payment Details’ screen. To invoke the screen, type ‘CLDLIQLN’ in the field at the top right
corner of the Application tool bar and click on the adjoining arrow button.
8-73
Specify the following details:
Account Number
Specify the loan account number. The option list displays all valid revolving loan accounts
maintained in the system. Choose the appropriate one.
Based on the revolving loan account number selected, the system displays the following details:
• Customer number
• Customer name
• Branch code
• Value date
• Amount finance
• Currency
• Available balance
Verify the details and save the record. Once the details are authorized, the system liquidates the
loan account.
8.12.1 Viewing Revolving Loan Liquidation Summary
You can view a summary of the liquidation operation of revolving loans using ‘Revolving Loan
Payment Summary’ screen. To invoke the screen, type ‘CLSLIQLN’ in the field at the top right
corner of the Application tool bar and click on the adjoining arrow button.
8-74
You can search for the records based on one or more of the following parameters:
• Authorization Status
• Record Status
• Account Number
Specify the search parameters and click ‘Search’ button. The system displays a list of all records
that match the search criteria. Double-click a record to view the details.
8.13 Multilevel Authorization of Loan Account
High value transactions may require multilevel of authorization. The levels of authorizations can
be defined in the ‘Product Transaction Limits’ screen. You can use the ‘Multilevel Authorization
Detailed’ screen for authoring a contract n-1 times. However, final authorization can take place
only in the contract screen.
For more details, refer the ‘Multilevel Authorization of Contract/Loan Account’ section in the
‘Procedures’ User Manual.
8.14 Calculating EMI for Personal and Auto Loans
You can calculate the EMI for amortized products in the ‘Equated Monthly Installment’ screen.
Oracle FLEXCUBE simulates the loan creation in this screen and calculates the EMI. Oracle
FLEXCUBE deletes the simulated loan during the batch process.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDEMINT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
8-75
Here you can specify the following details:
Product
Specify the code of the product for which the EMI should be calculated. The adjoining option list
displays all valid codes maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Product Category
The system displays the product category of the selected product.
Application Number
Specify the application number.
Branch Code
The system displays the branch code.
Account
Specify the number of the account that should be linked with the specified product.
Alternate Account Number
Specify the alternate account number that should be used as the secondary account.
User Reference Number
Specify the reference number of the user who is included in this contract.
User Defined Status
Based on the product selected, the system defaults the user defined status.
8-76
Derived Status
Specify the derived status.
8.14.1 Specifying Main Details
You can specify the following details:
Customer ID
Specify the unique identification of the customer. The adjoining option list displays all valid
customers IDs maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Customer Name
The system displays the name of the customer whose customer ID is specified above.
Currency
Specify the code of currency that should be maintained in the product. The adjoining option list
displays all valid currencies maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Amount Financed
Specify the amount that should be financed.
Book Date
Based on the product code selected, the system defaults the book date.
Value Date
Specify the value date. You can select the date from the adjoining calendar.
Number of Installments
Specify the number of installments that should be allowed for the repayment of loan through EMI.
Unit
Select the unit from the adjoining drop-down list. The list displays the following values:
• Daily
• Weekly
• Monthly
• Quarterly
• Half Yearly
• Yearly
• Bullet
Frequency
Specify the frequency of the installment.
Installment Start Date
Specify the installment start date. You can select the appropriate date from the adjoining
calendar.
8-77
Due Date On
Specify the date on which the installment should be on due.
Maturity Type
Select the type of the maturity from the adjoining drop-down list. The list displays the following
values:
• Fixed
• Call
Maturity Date
Specify the date on which the installment should be matured. You can select the appropriate date
from the adjoining calendar.
Net Principal
Specify the net principal amount of the loan.
Loan To Value
Specify the loan to value.
Index Exchange Rate
Specify the exchange rate of the index.
Subsidy Customer ID
Specify the unique ID of the subsidy customer.
Calculate Gross Principal
Check this box to indicate that the gross principal should be calculated.
Effective Date
Specify the effective date from the adjoining calendar.
8.14.1.1
Specifying User Defined Element Values
You can specify the user defined element values details in the following fields:
User Defined Element ID
Specify the unique identification for the user defined element. The adjoining option list displays all
valid IDs maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
User Defined Element Value
Specify the value for the user defined element.
Rate Code
Specify the rate code. The adjoining option list displays all valid codes maintained in the system.
You can choose the appropriate one.
8-78
Code Usage
Select the type of code usage from the adjoining drop-down list. The list displays the following
values:
• Periodic
• Automatic
Resolved Value
When you click Enrich button, the system calculates the resolved value.
8.14.2 Specifying Preferences
You can specify the preferences details in the ‘Preference’ tab in the ‘Equated Monthly
Installment’ screen.
Here you can specify the following details:
Cheque Book Facility
Check this box to indicate that the cheque book facility should be allowed to loan account.
Passbook Facility
Check this box to indicate that the pass book facility should be allowed to loan account.
ATM/Debit Card
Check this box to indicate that the ATM/Debit card should be provided to the account holder.
Liquidate Back Valued Schedules
Check this box to indicate that the back valued schedules should be liquidated.
8-79
Allow Bulk Payment
Check this box to indicate that the bulk payment should be allowed.
Amend Past Paid Schedules
Check this box to indicate that the past paid schedules should be amended.
Stop Disbursement
Check this box to indicate that the disbursement should be stopped.
Recalc Annuity On Disbursement
Check this box to indicate that the annuity on disbursement should be recalculated.
Use Guarantor for Repayment
Check this box to indicate that the repayment should be done by the guarantor.
Loan Statement Required
Check this box to indicate that the loan statement should be generated.
8.14.2.1
Liquidation Details
You can specify the liquidation details in the following fields:
Auto Liquidation
Check this box to indicate that the liquidation should be automated.
Reset Retry Count For Reversed Auto Liquidation
Check this box to indicate that the retry count for reversed auto liquidation should be reset.
Partial Liquidation
Check this box to indicate that the partial liquidation should be allowed.
Retries Auto Liquidation Days
Check this box to indicate that the auto liquidation days should be retried.
8.14.2.2
Intermediate Details
You can specify the intermediate details in the following fields:
Intermediary Initiated
Check this box to indicate that the intermediary should be initiated.
Intermediary Code
Specify the unique code of intermediary. The adjoining option list displays all valid codes
maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
8.14.2.3
Track Receivable Details
You can specify the track receivable details in the following fields:
8-80
Auto Liquidation
Check this box to indicate that the liquidation should be automated.
Manual Liquidation
Check this box to indicate that the liquidation should be done manually.
8.14.2.4
Bill Details
You can specify the bill details in the following fields:
Bill Reference Number
Specify the reference number of the bill. The adjoining option list displays all valid reference
numbers maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Bill Due Amount
Specify the due amount of the bill.
Amount Available
Specify the available amount.
8.14.2.5
Holiday Periods
You can specify the holiday periods detail in the following field:
Period
Specify the period of the holiday. The adjoining option list displays all valid periods maintained in
the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
8.14.2.6
UDE Rate Plan Details
You can specify the UDE rate plan details in the following fields:
Start Date
Select the start date using the adjoining calendar.
End Date
Select the end date using the adjoining calendar.
8.14.3 Specifying Components Details
You can specify the component details in the ‘Components’ tab in the Equated Monthly
Installment’ screen.
8-81
Here you can specify the following details:
Component Name
Specify the name of the component.
Calculation Type
The system displays the calculation type based on the component maintenance at the product
level.
Component Currency
Specify the currency in which the component should be maintained.
Special Interest Amt
Specify the special interest amount for the component.
Waive
Check this box to indicate that the interest amount should be waived.
Main Component
Check this box to indicate that the specified component should be main component.
Verify Fund
Check this box to indicate that the fund should be verified.
Capitalized
Check this box to indicate that the component should be capitalized.
8-82
Penal Basis Component
Specify the penal basis component.
Service Branch
Specify the service branch of the component. The adjoining option list displays all valid service
branches maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Service Account
Specify the service account for the component. The adjoining option list displays all valid
accounts maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Settlement Currency
Specify the code of the currency that should be used for settlements. The adjoining option list
displays all valid currencies maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Internal Rate of Return Applicable
Check this box to indicate that the internal rate of return should be applicable for the component.
Special Component
Check this box to indicate that the component should be considered as special component.
Funded During Initiation
Check this box to indicate that the funding should be done during the initiation.
Funded During Rollover
Check this box to indicate that the funding should be done during the rollover.
8.14.3.1
Specifying Schedule Definition Details
You can specify the schedule definition details in the following fields:
Schedule Type
Select the type of the schedule from the adjoining drop-down list. The list displays the following
values:
• Payment
• Revision
• Disbursement
Schedule Flag
Select the schedule flag from the adjoining drop-down list. The list displays the following values:
• Normal
• Moratorium
Formula
Specify the formula. The adjoining option list displays all valid formulae maintained in the system.
You can choose the appropriate one.
8-83
First Due Date
Select the first due date from the adjoining calendar.
Number of Schedules
Specify the number of schedules.
Frequency
Specify the frequency of the schedule.
Units
Select the unit from the adjoining drop-down list. The list displays the following values:
• Daily
• Weekly
• Monthly
• Quarterly
• Half Yearly
• Yearly
• Bullet
Due Date On
Specify the due date of the schedule.
End Date
Specify the end date of the schedule.
Amount
Specify the schedule amount.
EMI Amount
Specify the EMI amount that should be paid during the schedule.
Compound Days
Specify the number of compound days.
Compound Months
Specify the number of compound months.
Compound Years
Specify the number of compound years.
Days in Month
Specify the number of days that would constitute a month for calculation. You can have 30 or 31
days in a month for this purpose.
8-84
Years
Specify the number of days that would constitute a year for calculation.
Capitalized
Check this box to indicate that the amount should be capitalized.
Waive
Check this option to indicate that the component needs to be waived off. This is applicable to
those components which do not have any schedule.
8.14.4 Specifying Charges Details
You can specify the charge details in the ‘Charges’ tab in the Equated Monthly Installment’
screen.
Here you can specify the following details:
Component Name
Specify the name of the component.
Calculation Type
The system displays the calculation type based on the component maintenance at the product
level.
Component Currency
Specify the currency in which the component should be maintained.
Service Branch
Specify the service branch.
8-85
Service Account
Specify the service account.
Settlement Currency
Specify the currency in which the settlement should be done.
Effective Date
Specify the effective date.
Funded During Initiation
Check this box to indicate that the funding should be done during initiation.
Funded During Rollover
Check this box to indicate that the funding should be done during rollover.
Waive
Check this box to indicate that the charges should be waived.
Due Date
Specify the due date.
Amount Due
Specify the due amount.
Amount Waived
Specify the amount that should be waived.
Event Code
The system displays the event code.
Amount Settled
The system displays the settled amount.
Schedule Date
The system displays the schedule date.
8.15 Reassigning Loans
Oracle FLEXCUBE allows you to change the main debtor of a loan through the process of
reassignment. You can achieve this through the ‘Reassignment’ screen. This screen is similar to
the ‘Account Details’ screen. To invoke the screen, type ‘CLDNOVDT’ in the field at the top right
corner of the Application tool bar and click the adjoining arrow button.
8-86
In this screen, you need to clear all details by pressing F7. Then you can specify the account
number and click on F8. The system displays all the account details of the chosen account. You
can change the Customer Id of the primary applicant.
Customer ID (Primary Applicant)
The CIF ID of the primary debtor of the mortgage account is displayed here. You can change it by
selecting another CIF ID from the option list. This in effect means the debtor will be changed.
Customer ID (Other Applicants)
The CIF IDs of the co-applicants for the original mortgage are displayed here. You can change
them by selecting other CIF IDs from the option list.
In the ‘Reassignment – Linkages’ screen, you can change the following details:
•
Linkage Type
•
Customer ID
•
Linked Reference Number
•
Linkage Amount
•
Secured Portion
All these details get displayed in the corresponding fields. You can modify the same.
During Value Dated amendments, you can also change the following data:
8-87
•
Maturity Date
•
Interest Rate
•
Installment Dates
However, you cannot change the Mortgage Account Number.
As a result of reassignment, limit utilizations against the old customer will be reduced and those
towards the new customer will be increased by altering the utilizations.
On saving the transaction after entering all the required details in the system, the system
validates the value of the transaction amount against the following:
• Product transaction limit
• User Input limit
If the transaction currency and the limit currency are different, then the system converts the
amount financed to limit currency and checks if the same is in excess of the product transaction
limit and user input limit. If this holds true, the system indicates the same with below
override/error messages:
• Number of levels required for authorizing the transaction
• Transaction amount is in excess of the input limit of the user
For more details on the field explanation of each tab, refer ‘Account Creation’ chapter of this User
Manual.
8.16 Renegotiating Loans
The customer can ask for re-negotiation of the written-off loan. Or when an account becomes
delinquent, the bank may negotiate with the customer. Negotiation may result in any of the
following:
•
The customer may repay the mortgage.
•
The mortgage is negotiated completely. In this case a new loan may be opened.
•
The customer may pay the partial loan amount and the bank may condone the rest.
•
The customer and bank may renegotiate part of the loan and the rest may be condoned.
•
In the worst case scenario, if the customer is unable to pay back any portion the loan
amount, the bank may consider it as condonation and close off the mortgage.
In Oracle FLEXCUBE, renegotiation is treated as a separate manual operation. Whenever a loan
is renegotiated, it results in the creation of a new version of the existing loan. The contract's value
date is same as the last version value date. The system then recalculates the schedules. If the
customer makes any payment towards the written-off loan, they are also considered.
Once the loan gets transformed into a new loan, it is affected by maintaining Bridge GLs.
Renegotiation can result in just varying interest rates or maturity dates of the original loan along
with capitalization of the outstanding interest.
You can perform loan renegotiation through the ‘Re-Negotiation’ screen. To invoke the screen,
type ‘CLDRENOG’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and click the
adjoining arrow button.
8-88
On saving the transaction after entering all the required details in the system, the system
validates the value of the transaction amount against the following:
• Product transaction limit
• User Input limit
If the transaction currency and the limit currency are different, then the system converts the
amount financed to limit currency and checks if the same is in excess of the product transaction
limit and user input limit. If this holds true, the system indicates the same with below
override/error messages:
• Number of levels required for authorizing the transaction
• Transaction amount is in excess of the input limit of the user
For more details on the field explanation of each tab, refer ‘Capturing Manual Rollover Details’
section of this User Manual.
8-89
9. Batch Processes
9.1
Introduction
The events that are to take place automatically are triggered off during what is called the Batch
Process. The batch process is an automatic function that is run as a mandatory Beginning of Day
(BOD) and/or End of Day (EOD) process. During EOD, the batch process should be run after
end-of-transaction-input (EOTI) has been marked for the day, and before end-of-financial-input
(EOFI) has been marked for the day.
9.2
Configuring CL Batch Processes
You have the facility to configure the batch processes to be executed either at EOD or BOD or
both, as per the bank’s requirement. This is achieved through the ‘Automatic Process Definition’
screen. You can invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDTPROC’ in the field at the top right corner of
the Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
In this screen, you can amend the order of the various operations in the CL batch and choose to
trigger them at EOD or BOD or both.
The default configuration is given below:
Batch Operation
BOD/EOD
Forward Init of Loan Accounts
BOD
Calculation
EOD/BOD
Accruals
EOD/BOD
Minimum Amount Due
BOD
Auto Liquidations
EOD/BOD
9-1
Batch Operation
BOD/EOD
Auto Disbursements
BOD
Rate Revisions
BOD
UDE Cascade
EOD
Maturity processing – Rollovers , Auto Closures
BOD/EOD
Automatic Status Change Processing
BOD
FEES
BOD
INTP (Interest Posting)
BOD
Billing & Payment Notices
BOD
Statements generation
EOD
Penalty Computation
BOD
Forward VAMIs
BOD
Revaluation
EOD
Readjustment
EOD
Front End Revaluation
BOD/EOD
These batch processes are factory shipped for your bank.
9.2.1 Defining Batch Processes
The CL batch processes are explained briefly:
Forward Init of Loan Accounts
Loan accounts maintained in the system are classified into two types:
• Active
• Inactive
When loan accounts become Active, the BOOK event is triggered for the Loan and you can
specify a Value Date for the loan during this event.
This batch identifies all the accounts that are due for initiation on that day, at BOD and the INIT
event is triggered for these accounts. The current system date will be taken as the value date for
these accounts.
Re-Calculation
Loan parameter alterations directly affect the computation of accruals. This batch identifies such
changes made to loan accounts, both at BOD and EOD. Further, it recalculates the accruals
based on the altered loan components.
9-2
Accruals
This batch passes all the recalculated accrual changes required for the components. It is
triggered, both at BOD and EOD.
Auto Liquidations
This batch processes the payments that are configured as auto payments and is triggered both at
BOD and EOD.
Auto Disbursements
Disbursement schedules are maintained for products. As part of BOD process, the DSBR events
for the accounts will be triggered.
This batch processes these schedules at BOD, which enables the DSBR events of the accounts
to be initiated.
Rate Revision
As part of BOD program, this batch processes the Floating Rate revision schedules for products.
UDE Cascade
This batch is triggered at EOD in case of UDE value changes. The changes in UDE values are
applied to all the affected accounts.
In case, a single account requires a UDE Change/Cascade, it can be performed online for that
account alone. Such accounts are then excluded from this batch.
Maturity Processing
Maturity processing of loans is performed if the maturity date falls at BOD of a particular day. This
results in either Auto Closure or Rollover of loans.
• Auto Closure: Loans that are liquidated on maturity are subject to Auto Closure, during
maturity processing.
• Rollover: Loans that have auto rollover maintained are rolled over during maturity
processing.
Status Change Processing
Certain accounts have automatic status changes, wherein the SDEs required for status change
are evaluated. In such cases, this batch detects status changes at BOD. Once this is done,
appropriate status change activities are triggered.
If you have selected the CIF/Group level status processing option (as part of the preferences for
your branch), the status change batch picks up the worst status among all the loans and accounts
(savings and current accounts) for a customer within the branch and updates this in all the
customer’s loans (in the ‘User Defined Status’ field).
Notice Generation – Billing, Payments
For each loan, the number of days prior to which a Notice is to be generated is evaluated. In case
of loans that carry dues, the Notice is generated as specified in the notice days maintained for the
product. This batch is processed at BOD.
9-3
Statement Generation
At EOD, the statement is generated depending on the statement frequency and other statement
based maintenance actions specified.
Forward VAMI
At BOD, this batch processes all value dated amendments that are booked with the date as Value
Date.
Penalty
Penalty computations are evaluated at BOD by this batch. Any grace period maintained will have
to be considered during this calculation. On completion of the grace period, the penalty
components are computed from the due date till the current date.
Revaluation
At EOD, revaluation of assets and liabilities to the LCY are carried out.
Readjustment
This batch is processed at EOD. It is triggered in the presence of Index currencies that are not
treated as a part of revaluation. It handles readjustments based on new index rates.
Minimum Amount Due
At BOD, this batch will identify the Open Line Loans accounts whose MAIN_INT component due
date is equal to the application date and then calculate the minimum amount due details.
9.2.2 Initiating the Batch Process
If you have opted to trigger the CL batch programs at EOD, the same will be executed as part of
the ‘End of Cycle Operations’ after marking the ‘EOTI’ for the day. If the trigger is maintained as
‘BOD’, the programs will be executed before the start of ‘Transaction Input’. However, the
programs will be triggered both at EOD and BOD if you opt to trigger it at both the instances.
You also have the option to execute the batch programs through the ‘CL Batch’ screen. You can
also invoke this screen by typing ‘CLDBATCH’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application
tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
9-4
Run Sequentially
Check this box to opt to execute the processes as per the sequence maintained in the ‘Automatic
Process Definition’ screen.
Click ‘Run’ button to run the batch process. Click ‘Cancel’ button to cancel the batch execution.
9.2.3 Multi-threading of Batch Processes
The CL Batch process handles multi threading. The number of parallel processes and the interval
between processes is maintained as part of ‘CL Branch Parameters’.
Refer the section titled ‘Maintaining Branch Parameters’ in the ‘Maintenances and Operations’
chapter of this User Manual for details.
The accounts are split into multiple groups which can be processed in parallel for a particular sub
process. Hence, all non conflicting parallel groups will complete the sub process after which the
next sub process is taken up and so on. There is also an option to run it purely sequentially as
shown above.
9.2.4 Excess Amount Allocation Batch
The Excess Amount Allocation batch is run to allocate the transfer amount available for each
member against the outstanding balance in the corresponding loan accounts.
A member account is owned by a single member, but a loan account can be co-owned by several
members in a certain ratio. Each member could be a borrower in multiple loans. For these
reasons the amount allocations are necessitated.
The allocation process considers the following important parameters:
• % liability of each member in each loan where he is the borrower
• Transfer amount available per member
• Amount due (based on % liability) per member
To enable this fund allocation the rebate batch is run at the bank level. Common Settlement
Account maintained in ‘Rebate Account Preferences’ screen is used as the ‘Common Bridge
Account’. This will have the combined balance of all the member accounts, which can be utilized
for loan re-payment. The Rebate account processing batch will provide the details like the
member account number (Savings/Checking account), the member (CIF number) and the excess
amount for the member. This data will act as the input for this batch program.
The batch does the following operations:
• It will get the due details for the next schedule of each loan, along with the Liability Split %.
This will include the overdue amount, if any.
• Allocate the excess amount of each member to his loans, with the earliest unpaid
schedule first.
• The due date of the schedule will be considered by the allocation batch for allocating the
payments. The batch will ensure that the available amount is used to make advance
payment for the immediate next component due before considering the next.
• While allocating the amount for the next schedule, the available amount will be available
amount minus the amount already allocated against the previous schedule.
• With this info, CL payment will be triggered for each loan account. This will be an advance
payment (not Pre payment) for an aggregate amount and will be initiated according to the
liquidation order maintained for the components.
9-5
• On successful payment, process status will be changed to ‘P’ for all the records with this
Loan account number.
• Status will be changed to ‘E’, in case of any error during the payment. As per the current
functionality, the error details will be available in the exception table.
• After correcting the errors, you can re-initiate the process which will exclude the already
processed loan accounts.
• Further generation of Payment advice will derive the amount after considering the amount
paid through this batch process.
9.2.5 Interest Posting (INTP Event)
You need to make a provision to post an income into a separate GL. This income is the interest
which you pay to the customer who has a loan account. On the interest posting date, a
transaction occurs to move the receivable and the income from one GL to another. This
transaction distinguishes between receivables from the income which is due and not due. Also,
this interest posting is applicable for the main interest component only.
The INTP event runs at the BOD for a loan product against which it has been defined.
The following points are noteworthy:
• You can pick the INTP event during the loan product definition and maintain the
accounting entries against this event. To recall, you need to click on the ‘Events’ tab in the
‘Consumer Lending Product’ screen where you specify the various events which need to
be run.
• At the time of loan account creation, Oracle FLEXCUBE populates the events diary with
one record of the INTP event for each schedule due date. This has the status as
‘Unprocessed’. This is done for the main interest component schedule only.
• The system also creates a record for the end of each calendar quarter during the
moratorium period in the case of amortized loan products.
• Any rebuilding of repayment schedules results in the rebuilding of records in the events
diary.
• The batch process picks up all the unprocessed INTP records from the events diary
having the execution date on or before the current application date. The process is limited
to the active accounts belonging to the current branch.
• The amount and date of due for the main interest component is fetched from the
component schedule due details.
• The accounting entries get passed on the schedule due date or the calendar quarter end,
as defined for the event INTP through the ‘Consumer Lending Product’ screen under the
‘Events’ tab pertaining to a loan product maintenance.
• For term loans, the transaction posting date is the same as schedule due date of the main
interest component. The same is followed for amortized loans also.
• For an amortized loan with a moratorium period, the transaction posting date is the end of
the calendar quarter and the end of the moratorium period. If the moratorium period is
different from the end of the calendar quarter, the entries passed will not tally with the
actual amount due. This difference gets passed on the schedule due date of the
moratorium period.
• There are no changes in the INTP event execution behaviour in case of a partial prepayment.
• If a loan is getting pre-closed with a complete settlement, the system does not wait till the
schedule due date or calendar quarter end for passing the INTP entries. It posts the
interest accrued till the current date on the date of the pre-closure.
9-6
• In case of any failures during the INTP batch process, the system logs the error details for
the account and processes the subsequent accounts.
9.2.6 Manual Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities
You can, at any time of the day, manually initiate revaluation of assets and liabilities using the
‘Accounting Revaluation’ screen.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘ACDREVAL’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking on the adjoining arrow button.
Here you can capture the following details:
Selection Criteria
Specify the revaluation criterion. You can select one of the following options:
• GLSL
• Currency
• Account
• Account Class
Process Option
Specify the process option. You can select one of the following options:
• Normal
• Memo
9-7
Batch Revaluation for Currency
Back Dated Revaluation
Check this box to indicate that back dated account revaluation is required.
Date
Specify the date till which the back dated revaluation needs to be performed.
Selection of GL
Here you can specify the GLSL for account revaluation. This option is available only if you specify
the ‘Selection Criteria’ as ‘GLSL’.
Type
Specify the GLSL type. You can select one of the following options:
• Customer
• Internal
• Both
Criterion
Specify the criterion for GL revaluation. You can select one of the following options:
• All: With this option, revaluation is done on all GLs
• single: With this option, only the selected GL is revaluated
Enter GL Code
Specify a valid code of the GL upon which the account revaluation needs to be performed. The
adjoining option list displays all valid GL codes maintained in the system. You can select the
appropriate one.
Selection of Currency
This option is available only if you specify the ‘Selection Criteria’ as ‘Currency’.
Enter Currency
Specify a valid currency to be revaluated. The adjoining option list displays all valid currencies
maintained in the system. You can select the appropriate one.
Selection of Account Class
This option is available only if you specify the ‘Selection Criteria’ as ‘Account Class’.
Criterion
Specify the criterion for account class revaluation. You can select one of the following options:
• All: With this option, all account classes are revaluated
• Single: With this option, only the selected account class is revaluated
9-8
Enter Account Class
Specify a valid account class to be revaluated. The adjoining option list displays all valid account
classes maintained in the system. You can select the appropriate one.
9.2.6.1 Specifying Rates for Memo Process
You can specify the rates for memo processing by selecting ‘Memo’ as the ‘Process Option’.
Specify the following details here:
Currency Code
Specify a valid currency for memo processing. The adjoining option list displays all valid
currencies maintained in the system. You can select the appropriate one.
Rate
Specify the exchange rate for the currency.
Click ‘Start Process’ to begin the revaluation process.
9.2.7 Processing the CL Batch
When prioritization rule is maintained for a L/C linked to the loan account, then bulk liquidation
takes a different route during CL batch processing. Liquidation is triggered based on the
preference rule defined for L/C. Preference with respect to ‘ALL’ is considered if a specific
preference is not maintained for the corresponding L/C. This is treated as a normal payment once
the respective component, schedule of the loan is identified for the payment. During the batch
process prioritization for account liquidation takes place.
The batch process for liquidation takes place as follows
• Sub-process named as ‘BLIQ’ is used for Bulk Payment which runs before the ‘ALIQ’
Process. Event code used for this Prioritized liquidation is ALIQ.
• Accounts linked with L/C are grouped and liquidation process is done on the group.
• For the L/C linked to the loan account, if a prioritization rule is set, the same is considered
for Bulk Payment. If prioritization rule is not maintained, the liquidation happens as part of
‘ALIQ’.
• When the bulk payment happens as part of batch, the prioritization rule determines which
account is to be liquidated first. The account is attempted like any other ALIQ except for
the component prioritization.
• Liquidation order is as per the prioritization rules defined for L/C.
• Verify funds facility is used as applied as part of loan processing.
• Missed or skipped schedules/accounts during Bulk liquidation due to specified preferences
are picked up during ALIQ process and are allowed to succeed individually.
Accounting entry netting is not available as part of Bulk Payment. There are multiple debits to the
customer account for different CL account involved in the Bulk Payment.
9.2.8 Processing Minimum Amount Due Batch
The minimum amount due batch calculates the minimum amount due for open line loans. This
batch will identify the OLL accounts whose MAIN_INT component due date is equal to the
application date and compute minimum amount due details. The following details are available in
the installment query details of a loan account:
9-9
• Billing date
• Min Amount due
• Pay by date
• Component details
¾
¾
¾
Component name
Amount due
Settled sum of payments made in the billing period.
This batch will calculate the minimum amount due to be paid by the customer on pay by date as
per the chosen formula. The system will generate the billing advice with the calculated values.
The system will generate the billing advice based on the billing notice product setup. This advice
is generated before the pay by date and not schedule due date for open line loans. The system
will also create the new advice format for billing advice for open line loans with the following
details:
• Loan account number
• Next Billing Date
• Available Credit Limit
• Amount Utilized
• Amount Financed (Loan Limit)
• Billing Period From
• Billing Period To
• Billed Date
• Payment Date
• Amount Due
• Minimum Amount Due
• Excess Payment (Will show the excess amount paid within the billing cycle)
• List of billed transactions
9.2.9 Processing the EMI Change Batch (EMIC)
The event EMI Change (EMIC) processes the changes on the Effective Date from which the EMI
amount is applicable for the customer. Based on the parameters specified for EMI change, the
EMIC event derives the new EMI amount for the customer. The new EMI amount is then
compared with Minimum EMI and Maximum EMI amount maintained in the ‘Account Details’
screen. If the new EMI amount is beyond the minimum and maximum limits, it is set to the
minimum or maximum limit amount, as applicable. The new EMI comes into effect only from the
next schedule. The current schedule remains unaffected by the change in EMI. For a schedule, if
the interest is greater than the EMI, the EMI is set to the interest amount and the principal amount
is set to zero. With effective from the next schedule, the system sets the new EMI amount and
calculates the future schedules.
9.3
Defining Functions to be Run Automatically
Through the Mandatory Batch Program Maintenance screen, you can indicate the functions that
should be automatically triggered as part of automatic End of Cycle. You can invoke the
‘Mandatory Batch Program Maintenance’ screen by typing ‘EIDMANPR’ in the field at the top right
corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
9-10
In this screen, you need to enter the following details:
Function Identification
You must enter ‘UDBATEVT’ for the branch.
End of Cycle Group
You must select ‘End of Transaction Input’ for UDBATEVT batch.
UDBATEVT batch should be set as ‘Predecessor’ for the CL batch (CLBATCH).
9.3.1 Role of the UDBATEVT batch for CL accounts
The system does the following validation during batch process for CL accounts:
• The system fetches the list of user-defined events of CL for which the event triggering is
set as ‘Automatic’.
• The system fetches the valid accounts associated with the event by executing the query
(Execution query) defined for the event.
• The settlement account and branch would be defaulted from the settlement details
maintained for the CL account. If not maintained the same will be defaulted from the
settlement details maintained for the PRINCIPAL component
• The derivation rule will be fired to arrive at the value date of the event being triggered.
• The accounting entries are posted to the respective GLs using the value date derived
• The derives ‘Amount’ and ‘Currency’ for each amount tag of the accounting entries defined
for the event.
• The system triggers the user defined event for the account
9-11
• Handling charges if any defined for the event.
• Posting Accounting entries for the event.
• Processing of advices for the event if any.
• Only payment message advice is supported for user defined event
9-12
10.
10.1
Annexure A
Accounting Entries for Consumer Lending
This section contains details of the suggested accounting entries that can be set up, for the
Consumer Lending module of Oracle FLEXCUBE. The details of the suggested accounting
entries are given event-wise.
10.2
Events
The following is an exhaustive list of events that can take place during the lifecycle of a consumer
lending contract. In the subsequent paragraphs we shall examine the accounting entries and
advices for each of the events listed below.
Event
Code
Event Description
ACCR
Accrual
ADCH
ADHOC charge application
ALIQ
Auto liquidation
ARVN
Automatic Rate Revision
BADJ
Back Dated Adjustment
BNTC
Billing Notice Event
BOOK
Booking Of Contract
CAMD
Contract Amendment
CLOS
Closure for off balance sheet comp
CLOC
Closure of Commitment
DLINK
Payment made against a loan linked to a revolving commitment contract
DNTC
Delinquency Notice Event
DSBR
Disbursement
INIT
Contract Initiation
ISTM
Interest Statement Event
LCYP
LCY update processing
LIQB
Liquidation Tanking
10-1
Event
Code
Event Description
LSTM
Loan Statement Event
LINK
Linking a Commitment to a loan account
MLIQ
Manual Liquidation
NOVA
Novation
PROV
Provisioning
READ
Readjustment Processing
REOP
Reopen of loan account
REVC
Reversal Of Contract
REVD
Reversal Of Disbursement
REVN
Rate Revision
REVP
Reversal Of Payment
RNOG
Re-Negotiation
ROLB
Roll Over Booking
ROLL
Roll Over Of Contract
REVL
Reversal of Linked Loan Account
REVO
Revolving Loan Processing which is triggered as part of as part of ALIQ and
MLIQ
SROL
Special Roll over
STSH
Installment Status Change
TAXC
Specific Tax Calculation
UDCN
UDE Cascade Change
USGR
Un-Secured GL Transfer Reversal
USGT
Unsecured GL Transfer
VAMB
Value Dated Amendment Booking
10-2
10.3
Event
Code
Event Description
VAMI
Value Dated Amendment Initiation
YACR
Yield to Maturity based Discount Accrual
INLQ
Intermediary Liquidation
IMST
Intermediary Statement
PWOF
Partial Write Off
CHOF
Charge-off Processing
SGEN
Settlements Message Generation
Accounting Roles
In this section we have provided a list of sample accounting roles.
Accounting Role
Description
ASSETGL
The Customer GL to which the Loan Account movements are
reported.
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
Principal Liquidated
PRINCIPAL_INCR
Principal Increased
COMPONENT _INC
Component Income
COMPONENT EXP
Component Expense
COMPONENT RIA
Component Received in Advance
COMPONENT PAY
Component Payable
COMPONENT REC
Component Receivable
COMPONENT PIA
Component Paid in Advance
BRIDGE GL
Intersystem Bridge GL
SETTLEMENT
ACCOUNT
Customer Account Settled From / To
FEES_REC
Fees Receivable
CHARGES_REC
Adhoc Charges Receivable
10-3
Accounting Role
Description
IN_INTER_STMT
Intermediary Statement
PRINCIPAL_EXP_D
Principal Expense Doubt
LOAN_AC_DOUB
Loan Account Doubt
CONT_W_DOUB
Contingent Write Off Doubt
CONT_SUBS
Contingent Substandard
MAIN_INTEXP_DOUB
Maintenance Interest Expense Doubt
MAIN_INTREC_DOUB
Maintenance Interest Receivable Doubt
MIN_AMT_SCHODUE
Minimum Amount Due Amount for the latest billing period
PAY_BY_SCHODUE
Outstanding amount as of a particular date for the latest billing
period
MIN_AMT_OVR_DAYS
Minimum Amount Due that has not been fully paid from a pay by
date
SERVICE_ACCOUNT
Service Account
LOAN_ACCOUNT_CHOF
Charged Off Asset.
MAIN_INT_CHOF
Charge-off reduction caused by an interest payment in non-accrual
(NAP) status
<<PEN_INT>>_CHOF
Charge-off reduction caused by the penal interest payment in nonaccrual status
The following accounting entries for passed for DSBR event:
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr/Cr
Asset
PRINCIPAL
Dr
CR_SETTLEMENT_BRIDGE
PRINCIPAL
Cr
Accounting Roles for the YACR Event
Sl No
Accounting Role
Acquisition Type
Role Type
1.
EIMDISCRIA
Discount
Asset
2.
EIMDISCINC
Discount
Asset
3.
EIMPREMPIA
Premium
Asset
10-4
10.4
Sl No
Accounting Role
Acquisition Type
Role Type
4.
EIMPREMEXP
Premium
Asset
5.
EIMINTADJREC
Par
Asset
6.
EIMINTADJINC
Par
Asset
Accounting Entries after Securitization
The following entries are applicable only for securitization supporting products.
Event: DSBR
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
PRINCIPAL
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_DR
Dr
PRINCIPAL
CR_SETTL_BRIDGE
Cr
MAIN_INTRIA
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
Dr
MAIN_INTRIA
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
EVENT: STCH - STATUS CHANGE: NORM - SECR (SECURITIZATION EVENT)
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
PRINCIPAL_OUTSTAND
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_DR
Dr
PRINCIPAL_OUTSTAND
LOAN_ACCOUNT
Cr
MAIN_INT_ACCRUED
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_DR
Dr
MAIN_INT_ACCRUED
MAIN_INTREC
Cr
MAIN_INT_OD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_DR
Dr
MAIN_INT_OD
MAIN_INTINC
Cr
ODPR_PNLTY_OD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_DR
Dr
ODPR_PNLTY_OD
ODPR_PNLTY_INC
Cr
ODIN_PNLTY_OD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_DR
Dr
ODIN_PNLTY_OD
ODIN_PNLTY_INC
Cr
MAIN_INT_RIABAL
MAININT_RIA
Dr
MAIN_INT_RIABAL
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
10-5
EVENT: STCH - STATUS CHANGE: SECR - NORM (DE-SECURITIZATION/PURCHASE
EVENT)
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
PRINCIPAL_OUTSTAND
LOAN_ACCOUNT
Dr
PRINCIPAL_OUTSTAND
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
MAIN_INT_ACCRUED
MAIN_INTREC
Dr
MAIN_INT_ACCRUED
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
MAIN_INT_OD
MAIN_INTREC
Dr
MAIN_INT_OD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
ODPR_PNLTY_OD
ODPR_PNLTYREC
Dr
ODPR_PNLTY_OD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
ODIN_PNLTY_OD
ODIN_PNLTYREC
Dr
ODIN_PNLTY_OD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
MAIN_INT_RIAEXP
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_DR
Dr
MAIN_INT_RIAEXP
MAININT_RIA
Cr
EVENT: LIQD (INTEREST) - IF SALE IS HAPPENED IN THE ACCRUAL PERIOD
When Interest is capitalized:
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
MAIN_INT_CAP
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_DR
Dr
MAIN_INT_CAP
MAIN_INTREC
Cr
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
MAIN_INT_LIQD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_DR
Dr
MAIN_INT_LIQD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE
Cr
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
MAIN_INT_WAVD
SPV_EXPENSE
Dr
When Interest is liquidated:
When Interest is waived:
10-6
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
MAIN_INT_WAVD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
Dr
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
PRINCIPAL_WAVD
SPV_EXPENSE
Dr
PRINCIPAL_WAVD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
MAIN_INT_ACCR
SPV_ACCR
Dr
MAIN_INT_ACCR
SPV_ACCR
Cr
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
ADCH_CHG_ADCH
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
Dr
ADCH_CHG_ADCH
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
HANDLNG_CHG_LIQD
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
Dr
HANDLNG_CHG_LIQD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
PRINCIPAL_INCR
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Dr
PRINCIPAL_INCR
CR_SETTL_BRIDGE
Cr
When Principal is liquidated:
When Principal is waived:
EVENT: ACCR
EVENT: ADCH
EVENT: VAMB
EVENT: VAMI
10-7
EVENT: ROLL
When Principal is increased:
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
PRINCIPAL_INCR
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_DR
Dr
PRINCIPAL_INCR
CR_SETTL_BRIDGE
Cr
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
MAIN_INT_LIQD
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
Dr
MAIN_INT_LIQD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
Dr
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
MAIN_INT_ROLL
LOAN_ACCOUNT
Cr
MAIN_INT_ROLL
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_DR
Dr
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
PRINCIPAL_WAVD
SPV_EXPENSE
Dr
PRINCIPAL_WAVD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
MAIN_INT_WAVD
SPV_EXPENSE
Dr
MAIN_INT_WAVD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
When Interest is liquidated:
When Principal is liquidated:
During Interest rollover:
When Principal is waived:
When Interest is waived:
10-8
EVENT-RNOG
When Principal is liquidated:
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
Dr
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
MAIN_INT_LIQD
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
Dr
MAIN_INT_LIQD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
PRINCIPAL_WAVD
SPV_EXPENSE
Dr
PRINCIPAL_WAVD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
Amount Tag
GL Description
Debit/Credit
MAIN_INT_WAVD
SPV_EXPENSE
Dr
MAIN_INT_WAVD
SPV_SETTL_BRIDGE_CR
Cr
When Interest is liquidated:
When Principal is waived:
When Interest is waived:
10.5
Amount Tags
The following entries are applicable only for securitization supporting products.
Amount Tag
Description
PRINCIPAL_OUTSTAND
Sum of principal overdue and Principal outstanding
MAIN_INT_OD
Sum of Main interest over due
ODPR_PNLTY_OD
Sum of overdue principal penalty component
ODIN_PNLTY_OD
Sum of overdue interest penalty component
MAIN_INT_RIABAL
Balance of RIA (RIA - sum of interest paid previous months
+ occurred till date)
10-9
10.6
Amount Tag
Description
MAIN_INT_RIAEXP
RIA expected from SPV during Buyback
Event-wise Advices
In this section we will discuss the suggested events and advices that should be generated for that
particular event in the life cycle of Consumer Lending.
BOOK
The system uses this event to enter details of a loan account. However, at this stage the account
is not initialized thus there will not be a change in the balance but you can perform other activities
(processing fee etc) for the loan account. The accounting entries passed will be either Contingent
Entries for disbursement or component liquidations entries.
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
CL_CONT_ADV
Contract Advice
CL_CONTR_STMT
On BOOK event of a commitment contract the following accounting entries are passed:
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr./Cr. Indicator
CONTGL
PRINCIPAL_FWD
Debit
CONTOFF
PRINCIPAL_FWD
Credit
INIT
The system uses this event to initiate a loan with a value date as the date of initiation. However,
you can not disburse the loan under this event.
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
CL_INIT_ADV
Initiation Advice
CL_INIT_ADV
CL_CAP
Capitalization Advice
CL_CAP_ADV
CL_CONT_ADV
Contract Advice
CL_CONTR_STMT
CLST_SUMMARY
Loan Summary Statement Advice
CL_LOAN_SUMMARY
COUPON
Coupon Advice
ADV_COUPON
10-10
DSBR
This event is marked by the disbursement of the loan amount. The disbursement may be done
manually or can be triggered by a disbursement schedule. The loan account will have debit
balances after total disbursement.
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
CR_ADV
Credit Advice
CL_CR_ADV
CLST_DETAILS
Loan Detailed Statement Advice
CL_LOAN_DETAIL
CLST_SUMMARY
Loan Summary Statement Advice
CL_LOAN_SUMMARY
TAX_ADVICE
Tax Advice
CL_TAX_ADVICE
The entries passed are:
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
LOAN_AC
PRINCIPAL
Dr
CR_SETTLEMENT_BRG
PRINCIPAL
Cr
Note the following:
• The loan account of the customer reports to an internal GL of the bank, determined by the
Role to Head mapping done at the product level.
• A settlement bridge account is used since there is a probability of the customer account
being present in another system which is capable of interfacing with Oracle FLEXCUBE.
During the reconciliation process, the appropriate customer account in the relevant
system is credited with the loan amount.
ACCR
The accrual of the various components will be triggered based on the accrual parameters you
maintain at the product level.
The following accounting entries are passed for this event:
For Interest Accrual
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
INT_REC
INT_ACCR
Dr
INT_INC
INT_ACCR
Cr
For Penalty Interest Accrual
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
10-11
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
PENAL_INT_REC
PENAL_INT_ACCR
Dr
PENAL_INT_INC
PENAL_INT_ACCR
Cr
INLQ
This event is triggered as a batch process for the Intermediary Liquidation based on the product
event advice maintenance. It provides basic information about the Intermediary and the
corresponding commission settlement.
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
‘IN_INTER_CR
Intermediary Credit
INTER_CR_ADV
INCH
This event is triggered as a batch process for the Intermediary Liquidation based on the product
event class maintenance. It provides basic information about the Intermediary and charge
collected because of pre-payment and late payment by the customer.
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
IN_INTER_DR
Intermediary Debit
INTER_DR_ADV
IMST
This event is triggered as per the statement frequency maintained at the Intermediary Level. It
provides basic information about the Intermediary and the corresponding commission/charge
settlements.
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
IN_INTER_STMT
Intermediary Statement
IN_INTER_STMT
ALIQ and MLIQ
Depending on the mode of liquidation opted for, whether automatic or manual, the appropriate
event is triggered. A batch process will be triggered at EOD for payments that are marked for
auto liquidation.
ALIQ
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
DR_ADV
Debit Advice
CL_DR_ADV
10-12
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
DELINQYADV
Delinquency Advice
CL_DELQ_ADV
MLIQ
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
BILNOTC
Billing Advice
CL_BILL_ADVC
DELINQYADV
Delinquency Advice
CL_DELQ_ADV
PAYMENT_ADVICE
Payment Advice
CL_PMT_ADV
The accounting entries for these events will be as follows:
Principal Repayment
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
DR_SETTLEMENT_BRG
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
Dr
LOAN_AC
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
Cr
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
DR_SETTLEMENT_BRG
INT_LIQD
Dr
INT_REC
INT_LIQD
Cr
INTERNAL_GL
MAIN_INT_WHLD
Dr
MAIN_INTREC
MAIN_INT_WHLD
Cr
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
DR_SETTLEMENT_BRG
PENAL_INT_LIQD
Dr
PENAL_INT_REC
PENAL_INT_LIQD
Cr
Interest Repayment
Penalty Interest Repayment
Following are the accounting entries passed for the manual repayment of loan by cash:
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
10-13
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
DR
LOAN_ACCOUNT
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
CR
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
MAIN_INT_LIQD
DR
MAIN_INT_REC
MAIN_INT_LIQD
DR
Charge-off Reduction (Principal, Main Interest & Penal Interest)
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr./Cr. Indicator
LOAN_ACCOUNT
PRINCIPAL_LIQD_CHOF
Dr
LOAN_ACCOUNT_CHOF
PRINCIPAL_LIQD_CHOF
Cr
MAIN_INT_RCV
MAIN_INT_LIQD_CHOF
Dr
MAIN_INT_CHOF
MAIN_INT_LIQD_CHOF
Cr
PEN_INT_RCV
<PEN_INT>_LIQD_CHOF
Dr
PEN_INT_CHOF
<PEN_INT>_LIQD_CHOF
Cr
LINK
This event is triggered when a commitment is linked to a consumer lending loan account. LINK
event increases the utilization of the commitment amount and the contingent entries passed at
the time of INIT is reversed upto the extent of linked amount.
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr./Cr. Indicator
ASSETGL
COMMUTIL_INCR
Credit
ASSETOFF
COMMUTIL_INCR
Debit
DLNK (Delink)
This event is triggered when payment is made against a loan, which is linked to a revolving
commitment contract, Delink decreases the utilization of commitment amount.
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr./Cr. Indicator
ASSETGL
COMMUTIL_DECR
Debit
ASSETOFF
COMMUTIL_DECR
Credit
10-14
STCH
This event is triggered when a status change occurs. It could be a Forward Status Change
(FSTC) where the loan moves from one adverse status to another or a Backward Status Change
(BSTC) wherein, on repayment of overdue installments, a reversal of status takes place. The
status derivation rule is used to resolve the status. The change may occur due to a status rule
being activated. If the number of days by which a component becomes overdue, exceeds the
allowed number of days (may be referred to as the grace period), the component can undergo a
status change if a status rule is defined with such a criteria. A status change is triggered if any
condition defined for the rule is satisfied.
The accounting entries, if maintained for the events (FSTC and BSTC) will be triggered. The
accounting role provided will be the same for all the changes. However, the Role to Head
mapping rules will resolve the entries to the appropriate accounts for each status.
Interest accrual for status ‘ACTIVE’
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
INT_REC
(Mapped to a Real Asset)
INT_ACCR
Dr
INT_INC
(Mapped to a Real Income GL)
INT_ACCR
Cr
Interest accrual for status ‘PAST DUE’
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
INT_REC
(Mapped to a Contingent Asset)
INT_ACCR
Dr
INT_INC
(Mapped to a Contingent Liability)
INT_ACCR
Cr
CAMD, VAMB and VAMI
These statuses are triggered as a result of making amendments to a loan.
CAMD (Account Amendment)
Any amendment to the parameters of the account will create a new version of the loan. These
changes will not have any implications on the financial attributes of the loan.
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
CLAMDADV
Amendment Advice
CL_AMD_ADV
VAMB (Booking of a Value Dated Amendment)
This event is triggered when you book a value dated amendment.
You can book for an amendment of the following:
10-15
• Maturity date
• Principal Increase
• Rate change
The batch program will identify the changes booked and the same is triggered appropriately on
the value date by the VAMI event.
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
CLAMDADV
Amendment Advice
CL_AMD_ADV
VAMI (Initiation of a Value Dated Amendment)
This event will pick up the future dated VAMBs and on the value date, initiate the same.
The accounting entries for an increase in principal will be as follows:
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
LOAN_AC
PRINCIPAL_INCREASED
Dr
CR_SETTLEMENT_BRG
PRINCIPAL_INCREASED
Cr
Any change to Rate and Tenor (Maturity Date) will alter the original loan schedules.
ROLL
This event is triggered when a loan is renewed with new terms. Rollover will have either a
combination of liquidation and rollover of Principal. It can also have liquidation of Interest and
penalty Interest.
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
CLAMDADV
Amendment Advice
CL_AMD_ADV
CL_ROLL_ADV
Rollover Advice
CL_ROLL_ADV
PAYMENT_ADVICE
Payment Advice
CL_PMT_ADV
The entries passed for rollover of the Principal are as follows:
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
CR_SETTLEMENT_BRG
PRINCIPAL_ROLL
Cr
LOAN_AC
PRINCIPAL_ROLL
Dr
For liquidation of Principal, the following entries are passed:
10-16
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
DR_SETTLEMENT_BRG
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
Dr
LOAN_AC
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
Cr
For liquidation of Interest and Penalty Interest, the entries are:
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
DR_SETTLEMENT_BRG
LIQD_AMT
Dr
INT_REC
INT_LIQD
Cr
PENAL_INT_REC
PENAL_INT_LIQD
Cr
INTERNAL_GL
MAIN_INT_WHLD
Dr
MAIN_INTREC
MAIN_INT_WHLD
Cr
You may encounter the following cases:
Case 1: Rollover only Principal Outstanding; Pay Interest & Penalty Outstanding
In this case, both ‘PRINCIPAL_LIQD’ and ‘PRINCIPAL_ROLL’ will be zero and hence the ‘LOAN
ACCOUNT’ balance is not affected.
The Outstanding Interest and Principal will be liquidated. Referring to the accounting entries
above,
• INT_LIQD = Interest Outstanding
• PENAL_INT_LIQD = Penalty Interest Outstanding
• LIQD_AMT = INT_LIQD + PENAL_INT_LIQD (If Netting is ‘ON’ and both have the same
Settlement Account).
Case 2: Rollover Principal + Interest Outstanding; Pay Penalty Outstanding
In this case,
• PRINCIPAL_LIQD = 0,
• PRINCIPAL_ROLL = INT_ROLL (which is the Interest Rolled over as Principal);
• PENAL_INT_LIQD = Penalty Interest Outstanding
• LIQD_AMT = PENAL_INT_LIQD (If Netting is on and both have the same Settlement
Account).
Case 3: Rollover Principal + Interest + Penalty Outstanding
PRINCIPAL_ROLL = INT_ROLL + PENAL_INT_ROLL
LIQD_AMT = 0
Case 4 - a: Rollover Special Amount, Amount > Principal Outstanding
10-17
This is in effect a disbursement. Therefore,
PRINCIPAL_ROLL = SPECIAL_AMOUNT – PRINCIPAL_OUTSTANDING
Since the rolled over amount is greater than the outstanding principal, it will be positive and
hence an increase in the loan amount is registered.
Case 4 – b: Rollover Special Amount, Amount < Principal Outstanding
This results in a decrease in Principal and hence
PRINCIPAL_ROLL = SPECIAL_AMOUNT – PRINCIPAL_OUTSTANDING will lead to a negative
amount which will reduce the Dr Balance on the Loan Account.
SROL – Special Roll-over
This event is triggered when a roll-over is done and it involves a change in the currency, product
and customer.
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
CLAMDADV
Amendment Advice
CL_AMD_ADV
CL_ROLL_ADV
Roll-over Advice
CL_ROLL_ADV
RNOG – Re-negotiation
This event is triggered when a customer is not being able to honor the terms and conditions of the
credit. In such a situation, the client re-negotiates the terms and conditions of the credit before
maturity date.
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
CLAMDADV
Amendment Advice
CL_AMD_ADV
PAYMENT_ADVICE
Payment Advice
CL_PMT_ADV
NOVA – Novation
This event is triggered when a primary customer is changed.
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
CLAMDADV
Amendment Advice
CL_AMD_ADV
REVC – Loan Reversal
This event is triggered when a loan is withdrawn. This will pass the DSBR entries with a reversal
of signs (-ve) for the amounts, as follows:
10-18
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
LOAN_AC
- PRINCIPAL
Dr
CR_SETTLEMENT_BRG
- PRINCIPAL
Cr
REVP - Payment Reversal
The latest payment made, both auto and manual, will be reversed during this event. This will pass
the ALIQ or MLIQ event selected with a reversal of signs for the amounts.
Reversal of Principal Repayment
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
DR_SETTLEMENT_BRG
- PRINCIPAL_LIQD
Dr
LOAN_AC
- PRINCIPAL_LIQD
Cr
Reversal of Interest Repayment
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
DR_SETTLEMENT_BRG
- INT_LIQD
Dr
INT_REC
- INT_LIQD
Cr
Reversal of Penalty Interest Repayment
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
DR_SETTLEMENT_BRG
- PENAL_INT_LIQD
Dr
PENAL_INT_REC
- PENAL_INT_LIQD
Cr
REVN – Periodic Rate Revision
This will change the Floating Interest Rates based on the periodicity that you maintain.
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
CL_INT_STMT
Interest Statement Advice
CL_INT_STMT
RATECH_ADV
Rate Change Advice
CL_RTCH_ADV
ARVN – Automatic Rate Revision
This will change the Floating Rate as and when the rate changes.
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
10-19
Advice Name
Description
Format Name
CL_INT_STMT
Interest Statement Advice
CL_INT_STMT
RATECH_ADV
Rate Change Advice
CL_RTCH_ADV
UDCH – User Defined Element Value Changes
This event will be triggered whenever there is a change in the UDE values. This will be required
to have Rate revision advices sent to the customers.
YACR – Yield to Maturity Discount Accrual
This event will be triggered for the computation of IRR. The following accounting entries will be
passed:
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
EIMDISCRIA
EIM_ACCR
Dr
EIMDISCINC
EIM_ACCR
Cr
EIMPREMEXP
EIM_ACCR
Dr
EIMPREMPIA
EIM_ACCR
Cr
If refunding needs to be done as part of with complete pre-payment, the following entries should
be passed in addition to the ones specified above:
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
<Charge Comp>_RIA
EIM_ADJ
Dr
CR_SETTL_BRIDGE
EIM_ADJ
Cr
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
EIM_ADJ
Dr
<Charge Comp>_PIA
EIM_ADJ
Cr
CLIQ – Charge Liquidation
This event triggers the liquidation of charges applicable to the loan accounts. You need to set up
the following entries for this event:
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
<Charge Comp>_LIQD
Dr
<Charge Comp>_RIA
<Charge Comp>_LIQD
Cr
CR_SETTL_BRIDGE
<Charge Comp>_LIQD
Dr
10-20
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr /Cr
<Charge Comp>_PIA
<Charge Comp>_LIQD
Cr
CLOC Event
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr./Cr. Indicator
CONTGL
COMM_UNUTIL
Credit
CONTOFF
COMM_UNUTIL
Debit
CLOS Event
In case of loan account closure, system will have to move the amount available from service
account to the customers settlement account.
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr./Cr. Indicator
CR_SETTL_BRIDGE
CREDIT_BAL
Credit
SERVICE_ACCOUNT
CREDIT_BAL
Debit
Accounting Entries for RML – Reverse Mortgage Loan
DSBR Event
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr/Cr
LOAN_ACCOUNT
PRINCIPAL
Dr
CR_SETTL_BRIDGE
PRINCIPAL
Cr
ACCR Event
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr/Cr
MAIN_INTREC
MAIN_INT_ACCR
Dr
MAIN_INTINC
MAIN_INT_ACCR
Cr
MLIQ/ALIQ Event
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr/Cr
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
Dr
LOAN_ACCOUNT
PRINCIPAL_LIQD
Cr
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
PRINCIPAL_EXCESS
Dr
10-21
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr/Cr
PRINCIPALPAY
PRINCIPAL_EXCESS
Cr
PRINCIPALEXP
PRINCIPAL_WAVD
Dr
LOAN_ACCOUNT
PRINCIPAL_WAVD
Cr
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
MAIN_INT_LIQD
Dr
MAIN_INTREC
MAIN_INT_LIQD
Cr
MAIN_INTEXP
MAIN_INT_WAVD
DR
MAIN_INTREC
MAIN_INT_WAVD
CR
PWOF-Partial Write Off
This event triggers the Partial Write Off in CL. You need to set up the following entries for this
event:
Account Role
Amount Tag
Dr/Cr
PRINCIPAL_EXP_D
PRINCIPAL_PWOF
Debit
LOAN_AC_DOUB
PRINCIPAL_PWOF
Credit
CONT_W_DOUB
MAIN_INT_PWOF_CONT
Debit
CONT_SUBS
MAIN_INT_PWOF_CONT
Credit
MAIN_INTEXP_DOUB
MAIN_INT_PWOF
Debit
MAIN_INTREC_DOUB MAIN_INT_PWOF
Credit
CHOF Event
The charge-off event will charge off a non-performing asset out of regular asset book and also
reverse the existing charged-off balance (fully or partially) into regular asset book.
Entry for a new charge-off:
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr./Cr. Indicator
LOAN_ACCOUNT_CHOF
PRINCIPAL_CHOF
Dr
LOAN_ACCOUNT
PRINCIPAL_CHOF
Cr
10-22
SGEN Event
Accounting Entries
No accounting entries allowed for this event.
Advices
Advice Name
Description
PAYMENT_MESSAGE
Payment Message
ALIQ Event
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr/Cr
MAIN_INTREC
MAIN_INT_DRLQ
C
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
MAIN_INT_DRLQ
D
LOAN_ACCOUNT
PRINCIPAL_DRLQ
C
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
PRINCIPAL_DRLQ
D
MLIQ Event
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
MAIN_INTREC
MAIN_INT_DRLQ
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
MAIN_INT_DRLQ
LOAN_ACCOUNT
PRINCIPAL_DRLQ
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
PRINCIPAL_DRLQ
Dr/Cr
C
D
C
D
10-23
BADJ Event
Accounting Role
Amount Tag
Dr/Cr
CR_SETTL_BRIDGE
MAIN_INT_CRLQ
C
MAIN_INTREC
MAIN_INT_CRLQ
D
MAIN_INTINC
MAIN_INT_DRAJ
C
MAIN_INTREC
MAIN_INT_DRAJ
D
MAIN_INTREC
MAIN_INT_DRLQ
C
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
MAIN_INT_DRLQ
D
CR_SETTL_BRIDGE
PRINCIPAL_CRLQ
C
LOAN_ACCOUNT
PRINCIPAL_CRLQ
D
LOAN_ACCOUNT
PRINCIPAL_DRLQ
C
DR_SETTL_BRIDGE
PRINCIPAL_DRLQ
D
10-24
11. Reports
11.1 Introduction
During the day, or at the end of the day, you may want to retrieve information on any of the
several operations that were performed during the day in your bank. You can generate this
information in the form of reports in Oracle FLEXCUBE.
For every module you can generate reports, which give you data about the various events in the
life of a specific contract, or across contracts, at a specific point in time. You can have analysis
reports, daily reports, exception reports (reports on events that ought to have taken place on the
contract but have not, due to various reasons), history reports and so on. A set of report formats
is pre-defined for every module.
11.1.1 Generating Reports
From the Application Browser, select the Reports option. A list of all the modules to which you
have access rights are displayed in the screen. When you click on a module, all the reports for
which you have access rights under the selected module are displayed. Click on the report you
want to generate. You will be given a selection Criteria based on which the report would be
generated.
Click ’OK’ button when you have specified your preferences. The ‘Print Options’ screen gets
displayed, where you can specify the preferences for printing the report.
In this screen, you can indicate the following preferences for printing the report.
Format
Select the format in which you want the report to be generated from the options provided in the
drop-down list. The following options are available:
• HTML
• RTF
11-1
• PDF
• Excel
Output
Select the output for the report from the options provided. The following options are available:
• Print – select this option if you wish to print the report
• View – select this option if you wish to view the contents of the report
• Spool – select this option if you wish to spool the report for further use
Printer
Specify the name of the printer or select it from the option list provided. All the configured printers
are displayed in the list.
This is applicable only if you have specified the output as ‘Print’.
11.1.2 Contents of the report
The contents of the report are discussed under the following heads:
Header
The Header section of the report carries the title of the Report, information on the User who
generated the report, the branch code, the date and time and the page number of the report.
Body of the report
The actual contents of the report are displayed in this section. It is detailed for each report, in the
subsequent sections of this document.
11.2 Accrual Control List
The accrual control journal gives the details of accruals done on loan contracts, as of a specific
date.
This report shows the Events and Component details for each account and will be generated for a
specific combination of the Account Number, Event Date and Branch Name.
The Component and Item details will be displayed based on Events and Account Number.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPACCR’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Selection Options
If you generate the report manually, the report will list the accounts whose Accrual Processing
Date is equal to the date that you specify in the screen CL Accrual Control List.
11-2
Contents of the Report
The options that you have specified while generating the report are printed at the beginning of the
report. Apart from the header the following information is provided for each contract:
Body of the Report
Account
Number
The account number of the contract
Status
The status of the loan contract
Component
This is the component of the loan against which accrual entries are passed
Currency
This is the component currency. If not specified at the Component level, the
loan currency is displayed
Current
Accrual
This is the amount for which accrual entries are passed for the current month
Value Date
The Value Date of the contract
11.3 Accrual Control List Summary
The Accrual Control List Summary report summarizes the details of accruals product wise.
Contents of the Report
Apart from the header the following information is provided for each contract:
Body of the Report
Product
This is the product for which the summary report is being generated
Status
The status of the loan contract under the product
Component
This is the component of the loan against which accrual entries are passed,
11-3
for the contract under the product
Ccy
This is the component currency. If not specified at the Component level, the
loan currency is displayed
Current
Accrual
This is the amount for which accrual entries are passed for the current month
Value Date
The Value Date of the contract under this product
11.4 Adverse Status Report
The Adverse status report gives details of loan contracts that have moved into a status other than
active and liquidated.
The amounts outstanding for the various components are reported in this report.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPSTAT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Selection Options
If you generate the report manually (from the reports Browser) you can specify preferences for
the generation of the report. The contents of the report are determined by the preferences that
you specify.
You can specify the following preferences for the report:
Product Category
You can generate the Adverse Status report for a specific Product Category or for all categories.
Select a Product Category from the option list provided.
Product Code
You can generate a product-wise report. Select the Product Code from the option list which
contains all valid products under the category you have selected.
11-4
Account Ccy
Under specific Product(s), you can choose to generate reports in a specific currency(s).
Customer
You can generate this report for specific customer(s).
From Date (Value Date)
Enter the Value Date of the contract. The system will generate a report for the contracts that have
a Value Date greater than the date you enter here.
To Date (Value Date)
Enter the Value Date of the contract. The system will generate a report for the contracts that have
a Value Date lesser than the date you enter here.
Contents of the Report
The report options that you selected while generating this report are printed at the beginning of
the report.
Apart from the header the following information is provided for each contract:
Body of the Report
PRODUCT
This is the product for which the report is generated
STATUS
This is the current status of the component that is in a status
other than Active or Liquidated. The status codes are defined for
a product and applied to contracts involving the product
CUSTOMER
This is the CIF ID of the customer involved in the loan.
CUSTOMERNAME
The name of the customer
CONTRACTREFNO
This is the reference number of the loan being reported
COMPONENT
The component whose status details the report reflects
CCY
This is the component currency. If not specified at the
Component level, the loan currency is displayed
MATURITY
This is the Maturity Date of the loan
MAXOVERDUEDAYS
If more than one account is overdue under the product, this field
will reflect the number of overdue days of the account with the
highest number of overdue days
OVERDUEAMT
This is the total amount that is overdue for the component as of
the date of report generation
11-5
11.5 Adverse Status Summary Report
The Adverse Status Summary report summarizes the details of each contract.
Contents of the Report
Apart from the header the following information is provided for each contract:
Body of the Report
PRODUCT
This is the product for which the report is generated
STATUS
This is the current status of the contract for which details are
being reported
COMPONENT
This is the component of the loan against which the payment due
is being reported. If more than one component falls due on the
same day they will be reported one by one
CURRENCY
This is the component currency. If not specified at the
Component level, the loan currency is displayed
EARLIEST
DUEDATE
For all the loans reported, this is the earliest date on which a
repayment is due
LATEST DUEDATE
For all the loans reported, this is the latest date on which a
repayment is due
CUMULATIVE
OVERDUEAMT
This is the total amount that is overdue for the component(s) as
of the date of report generation
11.6 Amortization Report
The Amortization Report gives the amortization details of loan contracts.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPAMSC’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Selection Options
If you generate the report manually (from the reports Browser) you can specify preferences for
the generation of the report. The contents of the report are determined by the preferences that
you specify.
11-6
You can specify the following preferences for the report:
Loan Account Number
Enter the Account Number for which amortization details should be displayed in the report. If you
do not enter an account number here, the report will be generated for all accounts.
Contents of the Report
The report options that you selected while generating this report are printed at the beginning of
the report.
Apart from the header the following information is provided for each contract:
Body of the Report
REFERENCE NO
This is the reference number of the loan being reported
PRINCIPAL
The principal amount of the loan being reported
PRODUCT
This is the product for which the report is generated
CUSTOMER ID
This is the CIF ID of the customer involved in the loan
TENOR
The tenor of the loan being reported
YEAR
This is the year for which the amortization details are being
displayed in the report
DUE DATE
The due date of an installment of the loan
INSTALLMENT
This is the installment amount of the loan
INTEREST DUE
The interest amount due
PRINCIPAL DUE
The principal amount due
11-7
TOTAL PRINCIPAL
DUE
The total principal amount due on the loan
11.7 Contract Retrieval Report
The Contract Retrieval report gives you comprehensive information about a loan contract.
Information about loan contracts that are active, liquidated and reversed can be retrieved through
this report. You can generate the report for a variety of reasons.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPRETR’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Selection Options
If you generate the report manually (from the reports Browser) you can specify preferences for
the generation of the report. The contents of the report are determined by the preferences that
you specify.
You can specify the following preferences for the report:
Product Category
You can generate the Contract Retrieval Report for a specific Product Category or for all
categories. Select a Product Category from the option list provided.
Product Code
You can generate a product-wise report. Select the Product Code from the option list which
contains all valid products under the category you have selected.
Account Ccy
Under specific Product(s), you can choose to generate reports in a specific currency(s).
Customer
You can generate this report for specific customer(s).
11-8
From (Value Date)
Enter the Value Date of the contract. The system will generate a report for the contracts that have
a Value Date greater than the date you enter here.
To (Value Date)
Enter the Value Date of the contracts. The system will generate a report for the contracts that
have a Value Date lesser than the date you enter here.
Maturity Type
You can generate the report only for a particular Maturity Type. The Maturity type of a loan can
be
• Fixed - this type of a loan has a fixed maturity date
• Call - If the maturity date is not fixed the loan can be liquidated any time
You can generate the report either for fixed maturity loans or call loans.
From (Maturity Date)
Specify the Maturity Date of the loan. The report will be generated for all contracts whose Maturity
Date is equal to, or greater than the date you have specified here.
To (Maturity Date)
Specify the Maturity Date of the loan. The report will be generated for all contracts whose Maturity
Date is equal to, or less than the date you have specified here.
Account Status
You can generate the report based on the status of the loan contract. The report can be
generated for loans with the following statuses only:
• Active
• Liquidated
• Reversed
• To be initiated
All the loans with the specified status for the specific period will be reported.
Auth Status
You can generate the report for loan contracts either with an authorized or unauthorized status.
Contents of the Report
The report options that you selected while generating this report are printed at the beginning of
the report.
Body of the Report
Account No.
The account number for which the report is being generated
Account Status
This is the current status of the account
11-9
Outstanding Amount
This is the total outstanding amount that the customer has to
repay. This amount also includes amounts belonging to earlier
schedules that are yet to be paid. In case the customer has
made pre-payments the outstanding amount can be less than
the due amount
Product Code
This is the product for which the report is generated
Product Category
This is the product category to which the generated report
belongs
User Ref No
This is the reference number of the loan being reported
Customer
This is the CIF ID of the customer involved in the loan
Customer Name
The name of the customer
Related Ref No
This is the alternate account number
Account Currency
The currency of the account
Financed Amount
The loan amount financed
Original Start Date
This is the original start date of the loan
Booking Date
The Booking Date of the contract
Value Date
The Value Date of the contract
Maturity Type
This is the Maturity Type of the contract
Maturity Date
The Maturity Date of the contract
Tenor
The tenor of the loan
User Defined Status
The status of the loan
Auth Status
The authorization status of the contract
Liquidation Mode
The liquidation mode of the contract
Rollover Mode
The rollover mode
Rollover Count
The rollover count
Component
The components of the loan are listed here
Ccy
This is the currency of the component
Rate Type
This is the rate type
Code Usage
This is the code usage
Effective Rate(%)
This is the effective rate
11-10
Special Amount
This is the special amount for the component
11.8 Event Report
Contract events are events that have taken place during the tenor of a loan contract.
Contract Events report gives a list of all the events that have taken place during the tenor of a
loan contract. The events are listed by their Value Date.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPEVNT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Selection Options
If you generate the report manually (from the reports Browser) you can specify preferences for
the generation of the report. The contents of the report are determined by the preferences that
you specify.
You can specify the following preferences for the report:
From (Account Number)
Select the starting account number. The system will display event details of all accounts from this
account number.
To (Account Number)
Select the ending account number. The system will display event details of all accounts upto this
account number.
If you do not enter an account number in the above two field, the system will display the
event details of all accounts.
From (Event Date)
Enter the date from which event details should be generated in the report for accounts.
11-11
To (Event Date)
Enter the date upto which event details should be generated in the report for accounts.
You have the option of not specifying the ‘From’ and ‘To’ dates, but if you specify the ‘From
Event Date’, it will be mandatory for you to specify the ‘To Event Date’.
Include Accrual Events also
Check this box to indicate accrual related events should be included.
Single Account No.
Select this option to indicate the report should be generated for a single account number or for a
range.
All
Select this option to indicate the report should be generated for all accounts.
Contents of the Report
The report options that you selected while generating this report are printed at the beginning of
the report.
Body of the Report
ACCOUNT NO
The account number of the contract
CUSTOMER ID
This is the CIF ID of the customer involved in the loan
CUSTOMER NAME
The name of the customer
ACCOUNT CCY
The currency of the account
EVENT
This is the code of the event for which details are being reported
EVENT DATE
This indicates the date on which the event took place.
SEQ. NO.
The sequence number of the event
COMPONENT NAME
The component for which details are displayed in the report
ITEM NAME
The amount tag
ITEM VALUE
The value of the amount tag
11.9 Forward Contract Report
A forward contract is a loan with a future value date. The value date is the date on which the loan
takes effect. The tenor of the loan contract will begin on this date. All accounting entries for the
loan contract, all calculations for interest and all the other components based on the tenor will be
made from this date onwards.
11-12
The forward contract report gives details of all the loan contracts with a future value date. Only
contracts that take effect on a date later than or same as the specified date are included in the
report.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPFRWD’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Selection Options
If you generate the report manually (from the reports Browser) you can specify preferences for
the generation of the report. The contents of the report are determined by the preferences that
you specify.
You can specify the following preferences for the report:
From (Value Date)
Enter the Value Date of the contract. The system will generate a report for the contracts that have
a Value Date greater than the date you enter here.
To (Value Date)
Enter the Value Date of the contract. The system will generate a report for the contracts that have
a Value Date lesser than the date you enter here.
It is not mandatory for you to enter the ‘From’ and ‘To’ dates.
Product Category
You can generate the Forward Contract Report for a specific Product Category or for all
categories. Select a Product Category from the option list provided.
Contents of the Report
The report options that you selected while generating this report are printed at the beginning of
the report.
11-13
Body of the Report
Product Category
This is the product category to which the generated report
belongs
Account No
The account number of the contract for which the report is
generated
Customer Id
This is the CIF ID of the customer involved in the loan
Customer Name
The name of the customer
Amount
This is the principal amount involved in the loan
EuroEqv
The Euro equivalent of the loan amount
Value Date
This is the date on which the loan takes effect
Mat.Type
This is the maturity type of the loan. It could be fixed or call.
Mat. Date
This is the date on which the loan matures. The maturity date is
generated in the report only in case of fixed maturity loans.
CHARGE DETAILS
Component
The component on which a charge is being applied
Amount
The charge amount
Euro Eqv.
The Euro equivalent of the charge
Waiver
Whether or not the charge has been waived
INTEREST DETAILS
Component
The interest component
Amount
The interest amount
Euro Eqv
The Euro equivalent
Rate
The interest rate being applied
Effective Rate
The effective interest rate
Waiver
Whether the interest has been waived
11.10 Forward Amendments Details Changes Report
The Forward Amendments Details Changes Report gives a list of all the amendments made to
contracts with a future value date.
11-14
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPFWCH’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Selection Options
If you generate the report manually, the report will list the accounts whose Effective Date is
between the dates that you specify in the screen Forward Amendments Report screen.
You can specify the following preferences for the report:
From (Effective Date)
Enter the date from which the report should include amendment details.
To (Effective Date)
Enter the date upto which the report should include amendment details.
Contents of the Report
The report options that you selected while generating this report are printed at the beginning of
the report.
Body of the Report
ACCOUNT NO
The account number of the contract for which the report is being
generated
MATURITY DATE
The Maturity Date of the contract
VALUE DATE
The Value Date of the contract
LOAN AMOUNT
The principal loan amount of the contract
CURRENCY
This is the component currency. If not specified at the
Component level, the loan currency is displayed
11-15
CUSTOMER ID
This is the CIF ID of the customer involved in the loan
CUSTOMER NAME
The name of the customer
TRANSACTION
DATE
The date of the transaction
AMENDMENT
DATE
The date of amendment
NEW MATURITY
DATE
The Maturity Date after amendment
DIFFERENTIAL
AMOUNT
This is the difference between the original financed amount and
the new financed amount. If there is no change in the loan
value, this field will be zero.
LATEST ESN
The latest Event Sequence Number
COMPONENT
NAME
The component that has been amended
NEW RATE
The new rate that has been applied to the component
OLD RATE
The original rate
NEW RATE CODE
The new rate code
OLD RATE CODE
The original rate code
LATEST ESN
This is the latest Event Sequence Number
11.11 Interest Calculation Analysis Report
The Interest Calculation Analysis Report is generated for the accounts required between the
given Value Date ranges.
The report will be generated for a specific combination of Branch, Account Number and Value
Date range.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPCALC’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Selection Options
If you generate the report manually (from the reports Browser) you can specify preferences for
the generation of the report. The contents of the report are determined by the preferences that
you specify.
11-16
You can specify the following preferences for the report:
Single/Range (Account Type)
Select this option to indicate you are either specifying a range of account numbers or a specific
one whose report is to be generated.
All (Account Type)
Select this option to indicate the report should be generated for all accounts.
From (Account Number)
Select the starting account number. The system will display details of all accounts from this
account number.
To (Account Number)
Select the ending account number. The system will display details of all accounts upto this
account number.
From (Value Date)
Enter the Value Date of the contract. The system will generate a report for the contracts that have
a Value Date greater than the date you enter here.
To (Value Date)
Enter the Value Date of the contract. The system will generate a report for the contracts that have
a Value Date lesser than the date you enter here.
Contents of the Report
The report options that you selected while generating this report are printed at the beginning of
the report.
Body of the Report
AccountNo.
The account number of the contract for which the report is
being generated
11-17
Value Date
The Value Date of the contract
Maturity Date
The Maturity Date of the loan contract
Customer Id
This is the CIF ID of the customer involved in the loan
Customer Name
The name of the customer
Component
The component for which details are being displayed in the
report
Int. Method
The method if interest calculation
Currency
The account currency
Start Date and End
Date
Reflects the various periods of change of interest rate
Basis Amount
The basis amount on which the interest is calculated
Rate
The interest rate applicable to a certain period
No. of Days
The number of days for which the rate is applicable
Interest Amount
The is the interest amount
11.12 Linked Contracts Utilization Report
This report will include the details of the accounts, lines or collaterals that have been linked to an
account, based on the selection criteria. Linkage Account details and the Amount Financed will
be shown for each Account in this report.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPLICU’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Selection Options
If you generate the report manually, the report will list the accounts that you have specified in the
Linked Contract Utilization screen.
11-18
You can specify the following preferences for the report:
From (Account Number)
Select the starting account number. The system will display event details of all accounts from this
account number.
If you enter an account number in this field, you will have to enter an account number in the
field ‘To’.
To (Account Number)
Select the ending account number. The system will display event details of all accounts upto this
account number.
If you do not enter an account number in the above two fields, the system will display the
event details of all accounts.
Contents of the Report
The report options that you selected while generating this report are printed at the beginning of
the report.
Body of the Report
Account Number
The account number of the contract
Amount Financed
The loan amount
Currency
This is the component currency. If not specified at the Component
level, the loan currency is displayed
Value Date
The Value Date of the contract
Maturity Date
The Maturity Date of the loan contract
Linkage Type
This is the linkage type
11-19
Linked Ref. No.
The reference number of the linkage type
Customer ID
This is the CIF ID of the customer involved in the loan
Customer Name
The name of the customer
Linkage Amount
The amount linked
Secured Portion
This is the secured portion of the loan
11.13 Maturity Report
The maturity report gives information about a contract that is:
• Maturing during the period that you specify
• Have schedules falling due during that period
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPMATR’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Selection Options
If you generate the report manually (from the reports Browser) you can specify preferences for
the generation of the report. The contents of the report are determined by the preferences that
you specify.
You can specify the following preferences for the report:
Product Category
You can generate the Contract Retrieval Report for a specific Product Category or for all
categories. Select a Product Category from the option list provided.
Product Code
You can generate a product-wise report. Select the Product Code from the option list which
contains all valid products under the category you have selected.
11-20
Contract Ccy
Under specific Product(s), you can choose to generate reports in a specific currency(s).
Customer
You can generate this report for specific customer(s).
From Date (Value Date)
Enter the Value Date of the contract. The system will generate a report for the contracts that have
a Value Date greater than the date you enter here.
To Date (Value Date)
Enter the Value Date of the contract. The system will generate a report for the contracts that have
a Value Date lesser than the date you enter here.
Maturity Type
You can generate the report only for a particular Maturity Type. The Maturity type of a loan can
be
• Fixed - this type of a loan has a fixed maturity date.
• Call - If the maturity date is not fixed the loan can be liquidated any time.
You can generate the report either for fixed maturity loan or call loans.
From Date (Schedule Date)
Specify the Starting Date of the schedule.
To Date (Schedule Date)
Specify the Ending Date of the schedule.
Liquidation Mode
Components of a loan can be liquidated automatically or manually. In auto liquidation a schedule
will be automatically liquidated on the day it falls due. In manual liquidation a schedule amount
has to be liquidated manually.
You can generate the report based on the liquidation mode that you have specified. The report
can be generated only for loans with auto liquidation or you can generate the report for loans that
have to be manually liquidated.
Non Maturity Schedules
Select the option ‘YES’ to indicate you want the report to include loans which have not matured.
Select the option ‘NO’ to indicate it should include matured loans.
Contents of the Report
The report options that you selected while generating this report are printed at the beginning of
the report.
Body of the Report
CALL CONTRACTS
11-21
CUSTOMER ID
This is the CIF ID of the customer involved in the loan
CUSTOMER
NAME
The name of the customer
ACCOUNT
NUMBER
The account number for which the report is being generated
Ccy
This is the component currency. If not specified at the Component level,
the loan currency is displayed
FINANCED
AMOUNT
The loan amount
OUTSTANDING
AMOUNT
This is the total outstanding amount that the customer has to repay. This
amount also includes amounts belonging to earlier schedules that are yet
to be paid. In case the customer has made pre-payments the outstanding
amount can be less than the due amount.
FIXED MATURITY CONTRACTS
DUE DATE
This is the due date for the due amount
CUSTOMER ID
This is the CIF ID of the customer involved in the loan
CUSTOMER
NAME
The name of the customer
ACCOUNT
NUMBER
The account number for which the report is being generated
MATURITY DATE
Maturity Date of the loan
COMPONENT
Component which is due
CCY
Currency of the component
DUE AMOUNT
The amount which is due
O/S AMOUNT
This is the due amount minus the amount paid
11.14 Overdue Schedules Details
Repayment schedules can be defined for various components of a product like principal, interest,
commission and fees. These schedules will apply to all the loans involving the product unless you
redefine them at the time of processing the loan.
The Overdue Schedules report gives details of all repayment schedules of a loan that are
overdue (i.e., are not paid even when they are beyond their scheduled repayment dates.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPOSCH’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
11-22
Selection Options
If you generate the report manually (from the reports Browser) you can specify preferences for
the generation of the report. The contents of the report are determined by the preferences that
you specify.
Product Category
You can generate the Overdue Schedules Report for a specific Product Category or for all
categories. Select a Product Category from the option list provided.
Product Code
You can generate a product-wise report. Select the Product Code from the option list which
contains all valid products under the category you have selected.
Contract Ccy
Under specific Product(s), you can choose to generate reports in a specific currency(s).
Customer
You can generate this report for specific customer(s).
From Date (Value Date)
Enter the Value Date of the contract. The system will generate a report for the contracts that have
a Value Date greater than the date you enter here.
To Date (Value Date)
Enter the Value Date of the contract. The system will generate a report for the contracts that have
a Value Date lesser than the date you enter here.
From Date (Schedule Date)
Specify the Starting Date of the schedule.
11-23
To Date (Schedule Date)
Specify the Ending Date of the schedule.
Contents of the Report
The report options that you selected while generating this report are printed at the beginning of
the report.
Body of the Report
DUEDATE
The due date of the component which is overdue
OVERDUEDAYS
The number of days by which the component is overdue
CUSTOMER
This is the CIF ID of the customer involved in the loan
CUSTOMER
NAME
The name of the customer
ACCOUNT
NUMBER
The account number of the customer for whom the report is being
generated
STATUS
The status of the component which is overdue
COMPONENT
The component which is overdue
Ccy
This is the component currency. If not specified at the Component
level, the loan currency is displayed
OVERDUE AMT
This is the component amount that is overdue
EURO
EQUIVALENT
This is the euro equivalent of the overdue amount
11.15 Periodic Rate Revision
The Periodic Rate Revision Report lists the details of a customer, the rate revision date and the
effective rate.
The report will be generated for a specific combination of Revision Date, Customer, Account
Number and Rate Code.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPREVN’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Selection Options
If you generate the report manually (from the reports Browser) you can specify preferences for
the generation of the report. The contents of the report are determined by the preferences that
you specify.
11-24
You can specify the following preferences for the report:
Product Category
You can generate a product-wise report. Select the Product Code from the option list which
contains all valid products under the category you have selected.
Product Code
Select the Product Code from the option list which contains all valid products under the category
you have selected.
Account Ccy
Under specific Product(s), you can choose to generate reports in a specific currency(s).
Customer
You can generate this report for specific customer(s).
From Date (Value Date)
Enter the Value Date of the contract. The system will generate a report for the contracts that have
a Value Date greater than the date you enter here.
To Date (Value Date)
Enter the Value Date of the contract. The system will generate a report for the contracts that have
a Value Date lesser than the date you enter here.
Maturity Type
You can generate the report only for a particular Maturity Type. The Maturity type of a loan can
be
• Fixed - this type of a loan has a fixed maturity date.
• Call - If the maturity date is not fixed the loan can be liquidated any time.
You can generate the report either for fixed maturity loan or call loans.
11-25
From Date (Revision Date)
Enter the Revision Date from which the report has to be generated.
To Date (Revision Date)
Enter the Revision Date upto which the report has to be generated.
Contents of the Report
The report options that you selected while generating this report are printed at the beginning of
the report.
Body of the Report
REVN DATE
The rate revision date
RATE CODE
The rate code
CUSTOMER
This is the CIF ID of the customer involved in the loan
CUSTOMER NAME
The name of the customer
CONTRACTREFNO
This is the reference number of the loan being reported
CCY
This is the component currency. If not specified at the Component
level, the loan currency is displayed
CONTRACTAMOUNT
The contract amount
COMPONENT
The component that has undergone a rate revision
COMPONENTCCY
The currency of the component
UDEID
The User Defined Element
EFFECTIVE RATE
The rate applicable
11.16 Loan Payoff Calculator Report (Account)
The Loan Payoff Calculator Report lists the payoff values for the loan account and componentwise charges and fees details for the loan.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPAYAC’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Selection Options
If you generate the report manually (from the reports Browser) you can specify preferences for
the generation of the report. The contents of the report are determined by the preferences that
you specify.
11-26
You can specify the following preferences for the report:
Account No
Select the loan account number for which you need to generate the report.
Payoff Date
Enter the Payoff date up to which the report has to be generated.
Contents of the Report
The report options that you selected while generating this report are printed at the beginning of
the report.
Body of the Report
Principal (Amount Due)
The principal amount that is due
Interest (Amount Due)
The interest amount that is due
Net Payoff
The net payoff amount for the loan
Prepayment Fees
The prepayment fee associated with the loan
Component-wise Fees/Charges
Details
Component-wise accessed and unpaid and
scheduled fee details
Component-wise Per Diem /Projected
Interest Due
Component-wise per diem and projected
interest due details
11.17 Loan Payoff Calculator Report (Line)
The Loan Payoff Calculator Report lists the payoff values for the line Id and component-wise
charges and fees details for the loan.
11-27
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPAYLM’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Selection Options
If you generate the report manually (from the reports Browser) you can specify preferences for
the generation of the report. The contents of the report are determined by the preferences that
you specify.
You can specify the following preferences for the report:
Line Code
Select the line Id for which you need to generate report.
Payoff Date
Enter the Payoff date up to which the report has to be generated.
Contents of the Report
The report options that you selected while generating this report are printed at the beginning of
the report.
Body of the Report
Principal (Amount Due)
The principal amount that is due
Interest (Amount Due)
The interest amount that is due
Net Payoff
The net payoff amount for the loan
Prepayment Fees
The prepayment fee associated with
the loan
Component-wise Fees/Charges Details
Component-wise accessed and unpaid
and scheduled fee details
11-28
Component-wise per diem and
projected interest due details
Component-wise Per Diem /Projected
Interest Due
11.18 Loan History Report
The Loan History Report lists the event-wise history details for a loan account. It shows all event
details for different operations on account.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPLNHT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Selection Options
If you generate the report manually (from the reports Browser) you can specify preferences for
the generation of the report. The contents of the report are determined by the preferences that
you specify.
You can specify the following preferences for the report:
Loan Account Number
Select the loan account number for which you need to generate the history report.
Contents of the Report
The report options that you selected while generating this report are printed at the beginning of
the report.
Body of the Report
Account Number
The loan account number
Account Currency
The currency of the loan account
Customer Id
The customer Id of the borrower
11-29
Customer Name
The name of the borrowing customer
Component Name
The name of the component associated with the loan
Item Value
The value associated with the component
Event
The name of the event during the loan cycle
Event Description
Description for the event
Event Date
The date on which the event occurred
Event Sequence No
The sequence number of the event
11.19 Automatic Loan Payment Exception
The Automatic Loan Payment Exception report lists the details of the loan payment exceptions.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPALPE’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Contents of the Report
The details of the loan payment exceptions like the customer number, amount due, settlement
account etc. are displayed in the report.
Body of the Report
Customer Number
The CIF ID of the customer involved in the loan
Customer Name
The name of the customer
Dept Code
The code of the department involved in the loan
Due Date
The date on which the loan payment was due
11-30
Amount Due
The repayment amount that is due
Settlement Account
The settlement account associated with the loan
Account Type
The type of the settlement account
Retries Auto Liq
The number of retries for auto liquidation
Reason
The reason for loan payment exception
11.20 Loan Past Due Notice
The Loan Past Due Notice report displays all notices for Past Due loans.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPLNPD’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Contents of the Report
The details of all notices for ‘Past Due’ loans are displayed in the report.
Body of the Report
Principal Balance
The principal balance of the loan
Payment Due Date
The due date for payment
Amount of Payment
The amount that is due for payment
Notice Message
The message text that is sent to the customer
Customer Address
The address of the borrowing customer
Total Past Due
Total amount that is past due for payment
11-31
11.21 Past Due and Nonperforming Loan Month End
Projections Report
The Past Due and Nonperforming Loan Month End Projections report lists the monthly projection
details of past due and non-performing loans.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPDLIN’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Contents of the Report
The details of the past due and non-performing loans are displayed in the report.
Body of the Report
Past Due Category
The past due category of the loan
Product Code
The name of the loan product
Account Number
The account number associated with the loan
Borrower
The borrower of the loan
Credit Risk Rating
The credit risk rating associated with the loan
Collateral Code
The collateral code associated with the loan
SVB Net Balance
The principal outstanding specific to SVB. For others it will be null
Interest Past Due
The interest amount that is past due
# of Days Currently
Past Due
The number of days the loan is currently past due
11-32
# of Days Projected
Past Due
The projected number of days the loan remains past due
Last Interest Payment
Date
The date when the last interest payment was done
Maturity Date
The maturity date of the loan
Maturity Status
The maturity status of the loan
Department Name
The name of the department which initiated the loan
Niche Code
The niche code associated with the loan
11.22 Ledger Verification Report
The Ledger Verification Report lists the details of the ledger balances.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPLGBL’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Contents of the Report
The details of the ledger balances like the GL account title, transaction amount, ledger balance
etc. are displayed in this report.
Body of the Report
Account
The customer account number
Branch
The branch where the account is located
Type
The product code
Description
The product description
Amount
The transaction amount
GL Account Title
The title of the GL account
Balance
The current GL balance
Difference
The difference in GL balance
11.23 New Loans Report
The New Loans Report lists the details of all the new loans that have been booked.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPNWLN’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
11-33
Contents of the Report
The details of the new loans are displayed in this report.
Body of the Report
Account No
The customer account number
Account Status
The branch where the account is located
Product Code
The code of the retail lending product
Product Category
The product category of the retail lending product
Customer
The identification of the borrowing customer
Customer Name
The name of the borrowing customer
Account Currency
The currency associated with the loan account
Financed Amount
The total amount that has been financed
Original Start Date
The original start date of the loan
Booking Date
The booking date of the loan
Value Date
The value date of the loan
Maturity Type
The type of maturity
Maturity Date
The date of loan maturity
Tenor
The tenor of the loan
Auth Status
The authorization status of the loan
User Defined Status
The user defined status of the loan account
11-34
Liquidation Mode
The mode of liquidating the loan
Rollover Mode
The rollover mode of the loan
11.24 Loan Rollover Monitoring Report
The Loan Rollover Monitoring Report lists the rollover details of all the loans.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPRLVR’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Contents of the Report
The details of the loans including the type of rollover and date are displayed in this report.
Body of the Report
Branch
The customer account number
Customer
The branch where the account is located
Loan ID
The identification of the loan
Ccy
The currency associated with the loan
Principal Amt
The principal amount associated with the loan
Interest at Maturity
The interest amount at loan maturity
Total Due
Total amount that is due
Product
The product code of the retail lending product
Prod Desc
The product description
Rollover Type
The type of rollover, whether manual or automatic
11-35
Value Date
The value date of the loan
Maturity Date
The maturity date of the loan
11.25 Loan Register/Trial Balance Report
The Loan Register/Trial Balance Report lists the loan register / trial balance details.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPTRBL’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Contents of the Report
The loan register / trial balance details are displayed in this report.
Body of the Report
Note Number
The unique identification number of the note
Short Name
The short name of the customer
Codes
The product code and the type of the product
Interest Rate
The interest rate associated with the loan
Face Amount
The face amount associated with the loan
Net Payoff
The net payoff amount for the loan
P/O Diem
The amount financed
Unadvanced Principal
The un-advanced principal amount
Payment Amount
Total amount (principal + interest) that has
been repaid
11-36
Interest Balance
The balance interest payment amount
Interest Payment
The interest amount that has been repaid
L/F Due
The total outstanding penalty
Principal Balance
The balance principal amount associated with
the loan
Principal Payment
The principal amount that has been repaid
ESC Balance
This is specific to SVB. Will not be populated
for others
Note/Remarks
Any notes or remarks associated with the loan
Payment Due Date
The due date for loan repayment
Maturity Date
The maturity date of the loan
11.26 Loan Rollover Notice
The Loan Past Due Notice report displays the notice details that are sent to customers in case of
loan rollovers.
You can invoke this report screen by typing ‘CLRPRLNT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Contents of the Report
The details of all notices related to loan rollovers are displayed in the report.
Body of the Report
Date of Notice
The date on which the notice was generated
Facility
The facility details of the loan
11-37
Loan Reference
The loan reference number
Principal Amount
The principal amount associated with the loan
Interest at Maturity
The interest amount due at maturity
Maturity Date
The date of maturity of the loan
Notice Message
The message text that is sent to the customer
11-38
12.
12.1
Glossary
Important Terms
Product
An identifier, in FLEXCUBE, for any type of service that a bank offers to its customers. A set of
attributes and preferences are maintained for the product, which will apply to the processing of
any contracts, transactions or deals involving the product (service).
Product Group
A group under which a product is logically classified, under which logically similar products are
placed together.
Product Remarks
Descriptive text about a product.
Product Slogan
Text or phrase that could be used as a declaration or an announcement of the product, to
customers.
Accounting Head
The specific GL created in any module of the FLEXCUBE system into which the accounting entry
would be posted.
Accounting Role
The general ledgers and sub-ledgers maintained as a chart of accounts in FLEXCUBE may be
classified logically under different categories, each of which is called an accounting role.
Amount Item
The amount entry that is passed into a general ledger / sub ledger in the chart of accounts for
each transaction.
Netting
Summing of two or more accounting entries passed to an account for the same event, so as to
arrive at a net figure for posting.
Trigger
The occurrence or process that initiates the generation of an advice during the processing of a
contract in FLEXCUBE.
Transaction Code
An identifier for each accounting entry that is used to track the transaction.
12-1
Rekey Options
The fields that are to be keyed in by an authorizer of a transaction, for the purpose of crosschecking, when the transaction is being authorized. Complete details of the transaction will only
be displayed when the authorizer ‘rekeys’ the values for these fields.
Payment Method
The manner in which the main interest payable on a loan contract is reckoned. The methods
could be Bearing, Discounted or True Discounted.
Schedule Type
The kind of repayment schedule defined for a loan contract. It could be amortized, normal or
capitalized.
Schedule Frequency
The frequency at which the repayment of the loan amount will be amortized in equated
installments over the tenor of the contract.
Accrual Frequency
The frequency at which components of a loan contract such as interest, charges or commissions
must be accrued over the tenor of the contract.
Tenor
The default period during which a contract is effective. The default Maturity Date of a contract is
calculated from tenor.
Rate Variance
The difference between the default value and the changed value of an exchange rate employed
for currency conversion. Permissible limit can be set for the variance.
Amortization Type
The method according to which amortization is applied on a loan contract for which the type of
schedule defined is amortization. It could be any of two types, Reducing Balance or Rule 78.
Cascading Schedules
A schedule falling due on a holiday can be moved backward or forward, based on the Mover
Forward or Move Backward preference. By cascading, the subsequent schedules are also moved
forward or backward accordingly. If schedules are not cascaded the frequency will be reckoned
from the schedule due date of the previous month before moving forward or backward.
Maturity Type
The manner in which the maturity of a loan contract is reckoned. There are three possible types
– Fixed, Call or Notice Days.
Commitment Type
An attribute of a commitment contract, which determines whether the amount of the contract is
reinstated when a loan linked to the contract, is paid. If the commitment is revolving, the contract
amount is reinstated, and if it is non-revolving, the contract amount is not reinstated.
12-2
Verify Funds
The check for availability of funds in a customer account before it is debited for the purpose of
liquidation of any of the components of a loan contract. If not specified for a contract, this check
is not performed in the system.
Cluster ID
A unique identifier for a cluster defined for a deposit product. A cluster deposit is a deposit
contract involving a deposit product for which a cluster has been defined.
Reducing Balance
A method of calculation of interest component for amortized type of repayment. The interest is
calculated on the outstanding principal for the current period.
Rule 78
A method of calculation of interest component for amortized type of repayment. The interest is
calculated on the outstanding principal based on remaining tenor divided by total tenor.
Holiday Currency
The currency of a loan contract, for which the holiday table of the currency must be checked,
before the payment schedule is drawn up. By default, the currency that is checked is the loan
currency. If any other currency is specified, then both are checked.
Liquidation Type
For a loan, the liquidation type indicates whether the loan is liquidated manually or automatically
on maturity.
Mode of Liquidation
The manner in which the payable components of a loan contract are to be settled in FLEXCUBE.
The modes available are automatic and manual.
Interest Rate Revision Schedule
The schedule defined for the refreshing of interest rates from the Floating Rates table, for floating
rates applicable on a loan contract.
Interest Rate Revision Frequency
The frequency specified for the rate revision schedule defined for floating rates applicable on a
loan contract.
Pre-Payment
Repayment of principal (whole or part) of a loan contract before the repayment schedule falls
due. Prepayment involves a re-computation of subsequent interest schedule amounts.
Main Interest
When more than one interest component is applicable on a contract involving a product, one of
the components may be designated as the main interest component for the contract. It helps
identify and differentiate the different interest components applicable for the component.
12-3
Interest Application Method
The basis upon which interest on a loan contract is applied. Interest on a contract could be
applied as an amount, or a fixed rate, or floating rate.
Interest Collection Method
The manner in which the main interest payable on a loan contract is collected or liquidated. The
methods could be Bearing, Discounted or True Discounted.
Repayment Type
The kind of repayment schedule defined for a loan contract. It could be amortized, normal or
capitalized.
Mode of Rollover
The manner in which a loan contract is renewed or rolled over. IT could be automatic or manual.
Residual Amount
A limit placed on the residual payables on any pending component that has not been liquidated,
of a loan for which the principal is to be liquidated. A check is made that the residual pending
payables for any component other than the principal, must be individually less than or equal to
the residual amount specified. The loan is liquidated only if this check is successful.
Billing Advice
The reminder sent to the customer of a loan contract a stipulated number of days before the
repayment date of a schedule, intimating that a payment is due.
Delinquency Notice
The intimation to the customer of a loan contract that a payment in the repayment schedule is
overdue.
Automatic Renewal
Rolling over a loan automatically, on maturity. The old loan is automatically liquidated and a new
one initiated.
Cluster Deposit
A cluster deposit involves the input of a deposit as a multiple of specific units of a certain
currency. All operations concerning the principal, like drawing up payment schedules for the
principal, change in principal, etc., must be in multiples of the cluster size specified for the
deposit.
12-4
Retail Lending
[March] [2011]
Version 1.0
Oracle Corporation
World Headquarters
500 Oracle Parkway
Redwood Shores, CA 94065
U.S.A.
Worldwide Inquiries:
Phone: +1.650.506.7000
Fax: +1.650.506.7200
www.oracle.com/ financial_services/
Copyright © [2010] Oracle Financial Services Software Limited. All rights reserved.
No part of this work may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, adopted or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, photographic, graphic, optic recording or otherwise, translated in any language or computer
language, without the prior written permission of Oracle Financial Services Software Limited.
Due care has been taken to make this document and accompanying software package as accurate as possible. However,
Oracle Financial Services Software Limited makes no representation or warranties with respect to the contents hereof and
shall not be responsible for any loss or damage caused to the user by the direct or indirect use of this document and the
accompanying Software System. Furthermore, Oracle Financial Services Software Limited reserves the right to alter,
modify or otherwise change in any manner the content hereof, without obligation of Oracle Financial Services Software
Limited to notify any person of such revision or changes.
All company and product names are trademarks of the respective companies with which they are associated.
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement