User Manual - Kingfisher International

User Manual - Kingfisher International
KI 9600 Series
Power Meter
KI 9800 Series
Light Source
OPERATION & MAINTENANCE GUIDE
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
IN ACCORDANCE WITH ISO/IEC 17050:2004
Manufacturer’s Name:
Manufacturer’s Address:
Kingfisher International Pty. Ltd.
30 Rocco Drive, Scoresby, Victoria 3179, Australia
hereby declares, that the products listed below
Product Name:
Model Number:
Product Options:
Light Source, Power Meter
KI9800 Series, KI9600 Series
This declaration covers all options of the above product(s)
comply with the essential requirements of the applicable European Directives:
 Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC and the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC, amended by 93/68/EEC, and carries the CE marking accordingly
 Directive 2002/95/EC on restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment (RoHS)
 Directive 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE)
and conform to the following standards and specifications:
MIL-PRF-28800F: 1996 Performance specification-Test equipment for use with electrical and electronic equipment, general specification
IEC 60529: 2001/ EN 60529:1993+A1:2003 Degrees of protection provided by enclosures
Power Meter conforms to:
IEC 61315: 2005 Calibration of fibre-optic power meters
EMC
Limit
IEC 61326:2002 / EN 61326-1:1997+A1:1998+A2:2001+A3:2003
IEC CISPR 11: 2004/ EN 55011:1998+A1:1999
IEC CISPR 16-1:1999
IEC CISPR 16-2:1999
IEC 61000-4-2:2001 / EN 61000-4-2:1995+A1:1998+A2:2001
IEC 61000-4-3:2002/ EN 61000-4-3:2002
ICES-001: 2006 (Canada)
CFR 47 FCC Part 15, Subpart B (Exempted devices) (USA)
Limits applicable to Group 1 Class B equipment
Limits applicable to Class B equipment
Limits applicable to Class B equipment
4kV CD, 8kV AD
3V/m, 80-1000MHz
Safety
Light Source conforms to:
IEC 60825-1:2011 Safety of laser products - Equipment classification, requirements and user’s guide
IEC 60825-2:2011 Safety of laser products - Safety of optical fibre communication systems (OFCS)
CFR 21 part 1040.10 (USA) Performance standards for light- emitting products-Laser products
Supplemental Information:
The product was tested in a typical configuration with Kingfisher International test systems.
5 September 2014
Date
Bruce Robertson
Name
Technical Director
Title
For further information, please contact your local Kingfisher International sales office, agent or distributor.
Revision: C
Issue Date: 5 September 2014
OPERATION MANUAL
KI 9600A Series Optical Power Meter
KI 9800A Series Optical Light Source
Congratulations on your purchase of this instrument, which has been
engineered to provide the best possible reliability, convenience and
performance. To get the best use from your equipment and ensure its
safe operation, please spend a few minutes to read this manual.
Made in Australia. International Patents Granted
© Copyright Kingfisher International Pty Ltd
7th Edition, Apr 2015.
KI 9000 UM-7
1
CONTENTS
Service and Support
4
Definition of Terms
20
Introduction and Applications
5
Specifications
21
General Safety Summary
7
Ordering Information
25
Battery Power
10
Calibration and Maintenance
28
Optical Connector
11
Performance Verification Tests
31
Operation
13
Quick Reference Guide
42
Temperlock & Autotest Mode
16
Disclaimer and Warranty
47
Care of your Instrument
17
User Notes
48
Accuracy Considerations
18
KI 9000 UM-7
2
KI9600A Series Optical Power Meter and KI9800 Series Optical Light Source
KI 9000 UM-7
3
SERVICE AND SUPPORT
Applications Support
Please visit www.kingfisherfiber.com to see our comprehensive
Application Notes written to support instrument users.
Look at www.kingfisherfiber.com to find distributor details from the
Contact Us section.
Our local agents are able to offer excellent applications advice in your
language and time zone.
Please visit our website on www.kingfisherfiber.com for a current list
of regional service centres.
Otherwise if you are having difficulties please feel free to contact
[email protected] for applications support.
Qualified personnel must perform adjustment, maintenance or repair of
this product. To obtain service, please contact your local Kingfisher
International distributor or our office in Australia
Instrument Returns
If returning equipment to Kingfisher International for service or
calibration, please download and complete the Return Material
Authorization Form located on the Support page on our web site
www.kingfisherfiber.com .
To avoid delays and minimise disruption for our customers, Kingfisher
International offers a fixed price repair service.
For the staff at our fully equipped service and calibration centre, it is their
pleasure to keep your equipment performing at its very best.
Instrument Service
Tel: (61) 3-9757-4100
Fax: (61) 3-9757-4193
Email: [email protected]
KI 9000 UM-7
4
INTRODUCTION AND APPLICATIONS
The KI 9000A Series Optical Power Meter and Optical Light Source
offer superb measurement confidence, ease of use, high level of
convenience and reduced cost of ownership.
This equipment can be effectively used by installers, technicians and
engineers to test all types of fiber optic systems in various applications
including SMF, MMF, POF, PCS and ribbon fiber:
 Tx / Rx absolute power levels in dBm
 Optical loss in dB
which is useful for fiber identification and continuity testing. MultiFiber
ID (new to A series) can also separately identify any of 12 test tones
from a compatible source, greatly speeding up continuity / polarity
testing.
Power stability testing is easily performed using the max/min recording
function.
The display shows dBm, dB and linear units, and display hold is useful
for data recording.
The interchangeable optical connectors are drop and dust protected
by a snap on cover. A wide variety of connector styles are available.
The standard power meters work with fiber core diameter up to 200
micron, with both PC and APC polish connectors. Large area detector
options up to 5 mm work with fibers with up to 3 mm active area
including MPO/ MTP connectors with up to 72 fibers.
The instruments feature a tough polycarbonate housing with shock
absorbent sides and corners, which has passed extensive drop
testing.
Detector options include Germanium (Ge), Indium Gallium Arsenide
(InGaAs), Silicon (Si), high power, large area and wavelength
selective.
Calibration can be performed by any suitably equipped laboratory. The
recommended re-calibration cycle is 3 years.
Power meter calibration options are available from 470 nm to 1625 nm
with specified accuracy at power levels from +24 to - 60 dBm.
Power Meter features
TamperLock mode (new to A series) is a useful way to lock the
instrument features to simplify error free operation. TamperLock
operation is auditable and can be defeated on-site if needed.
 Continuity testing with the versatile test tone features
Superior measurement confidence is achieved with a unique Total
Uncertainty Specification, which covers the full temperature,
measurement and connector range. A calibration certificate is
supplied.
Slow Mode (new to A series) can be used to increase signal averaging
for noisy signals.
The sensitive optical tone detector displays the actual measured tone
frequency in Hz. If a standard tone is detected, the buzzer sounds,
KI 9000 UM-7
5
INTRODUCTION AND APPLICATIONS
Light Source features
Multiple wavelength sources have switchable wavelengths through
one port, which makes operation faster.
Laser sources at 1490 / 1310 / 1550 / 1625 nm are used for testing
single mode fiber systems and LED sources at 850 / 1300 nm used for
testing multimode fiber systems
The 1300 nm LED source can also perform moderate distance single
mode testing. The 660 nm LED source option is ideal for POF testing
in combination with KI9600 XL power meter.
VFL laser sources at 635 and 650 nm have some specific advantages
compared to common VFL pens such as: improved eye safety when
no fiber is attached, replaceable through connector, proper connector
interface which won’t damage connectors by rotation, APC interface
option, proper interchangeable connector adaptors, wider variety of
laser options, tone options that work with a clip-on fiber identifier
KI 9000 UM-7
Light sources have re-connection repeatability of 0.1dB. Combined
with the instrument excellent stability, this provides more accurate
measurement results and improved test confidence.
TamperLock mode is a useful way to lock the instrument features to
simplify operation. TamperLock operation is auditable and can be
defeated if needed.
AutoTest can be used with a suitable Autotest compatible power meter
such as the KI2600 series (not the KI9600 series) to synchronise the
power meter and light source wavelengths and other parameters.
A multiFiber ID feature (new to A series) provides easy multi-fiber
identification of up to 12 fibers at a time. To use this feature, multiple
light sources are set up on multiple fibers, with each one set to a
different tone. When a tone is detected by a power meter, a buzzer
sounds and the corresponding fiber ID number is displayed.
6
GENERAL SAFETY SUMMARY
The following safety signs and symbols specify general safety
precautions which must be observed during all phases of operation,
service and repair of this instrument.
Failure to comply with these precautions or with specific warnings
elsewhere in this manual violates safety standards of design,
manufacture and intended use of the instrument. Kingfisher
International assumes no liability for the customer’s failure to comply
with these requirements.
Before operation, review the instrument and user manual for safety
instructions. You must follow these to ensure safe operation and to
maintain the instrument in safe condition.
WARNING!
The WARNING! sign denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a
procedure, practice or the like, which, if not correctly performed or
adhered to, could result in injury. Do not proceed beyond a
WARNING! sign until the indicated safety conditions are fully
understood and met.
CAUTION!
The CAUTION! sign denotes a hazard. It calls attention to an
operating procedure, or the like, which, if not correctly performed or
adhered to, could result in damage to or destruction of part, or all, of
the product. Do not proceed beyond a CAUTION! sign until the
indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
KI 9000 UM-7
Safety Symbols
!
The apparatus will be marked with this symbol when it is necessary for
the user to refer to the instruction manual in order to protect the
apparatus against damage.
Initial Inspection
Inspect the shipping container for damage. If there is damage to the
container or cushioning, keep them until you have checked the
contents of the shipment for completeness and verified the instrument
both mechanically and electrically. If the contents are incomplete,
mechanical damage or defect is apparent, or if an instrument does not
pass the operator’s checks, notify the nearest Sales/Service Office.
To check instrument performance, please refer to Performance
Verification Tests section of this manual.
WARNING! You must return instruments with malfunctions to a
Service Centre for repair and calibration.
7
GENERAL SAFETY SUMMARY
Operating Environment
WARNING! Observe optical safety when using high power.
The range of Kingfisher equipment covered by this manual can be
operated at temperatures between -15 °C and +55 °C and at relative
humidity of <95 %.
Optical safety requirements at high power levels MUST be observed
or eye damage is likely. Organisations and users operating optical
equipment with these power levels MUST determine and observe
relevant safety precautions, which are beyond the scope of this
manual.
Storage and Shipment
The range of Kingfisher equipment covered by this manual can be
stored or shipped at temperatures between -25 °C and +70 °C and at
relative humidity of less than 95 %. Protect the unit from temperature
extremes that may cause condensation within it.
Safety
This instrument contains no hazardous optical or electrical items.
When using this equipment, optical safety precautions should be
observed commensurate with the maximum available source power,
since most of this power can also be coupled out of the instrument.
Never look into the end of an optical cable or connector which might
be attached to an active source.
Do not enable a laser when there is no fibre attached to the optical
output connector.
Optical magnifying instruments (e.g. microscope) increase eye hazard
unless they contain suitable optical attenuating filters. Disconnect the
source before using an optical magnifier.
The laser module has a built-in safety circuitry which will disable the
optical output in the case of a fault condition, however, this cannot be
guaranteed.
An equipment assurance program is recommended to check for safe
laser operation.
KI 9000 UM-7
8
GENERAL SAFETY SUMMARY
Laser and LED Safety Information
Wavelength Tolerance
Visual laser
VCSEL
Surface emitting LED
Fabery - Perot laser
635 / 650 nm ± 5 nm
850 ± 20 nm
refer current specifications
1310 / 1490 / 1550 / 1625 ± 20 nm
Max CW output power¹
635 nm
650 nm
850 nm
1310/1490/1550/1625 nm
0.63 mW
5.01 mW
0.63 mW
1.26 mW
Laser Class according to IEC 60825-2 (2011) – International
635 nm
class 1
650 nm
class 2M
850 nm
class 1
1310/1490/1550/1625 nm
class 1
Laser Class according to 21 CFR 1040.10 (1995) – USA
635 nm
650 nm
850 nm
1310/1490/1550/1625 nm
class 2
class 3b3
class 1
class 1
635 nm, class 1
650 nm, class 2M
850 nm, class 1
1310 nm, class 1
1490/1550/1625 nm, class 1
1.95 mW
10 mW
3.88 mW
25.8 mW
10.2 mW
Maximum permissible CW output power² 21 CFR 1040.10 (1995)
635 nm, Class 2
1 mW
650 nm, Class 3b
500 mW
850 nm, Class 1
0.76 mW
1310 nm, Class 1
2 mW
1490/1550/1625 nm, Class 1
8.1 mW
Note 1: Maximum CW output power is defined as the highest possible optical power
that the Source can produce at its output connector. Refer to specification sheet for
actual operating power
Note 2: Maximum permissible CW output power is the highest optical power that is
permitted within the appropriate laser class. Refer to specification sheet for actual
operating power
Note 3: International Labelling is accepted by the FDA. This case is ambiguous.
WARNING!
Optical power levels in fiber optic systems can cause permanent eye
injury and damage to eyesight.
Maximum permissible CW output power² IEC 60825-2 (2011)
KI 9000 UM-7
9
BATTERY POWER
These instruments are powered by two 1.5 V dry alkaline ‘AAA’ size
batteries. Alternatively, use re-chargeable NiCad or NiMH batteries:
Model
Battery run time in hours
KI 9600 Optical Power Meter
300
KI 9800 Optical Light Source
Laser/LED source: 40/35 hours in
Autotest, typical
When the batteries are low, the low battery indicator is shown on the
display. At this stage, there is approximately enough energy for
another 20 hours of use.
To change the batteries, open the cover of the battery compartment at
the side of the instrument, remove the batteries and insert new ones.
When an instrument is put away for storage, it is good practice to
remove batteries to prevent the possibility of battery acid leakage
damaging the equipment.
CAUTION!
Do not use lithium batteries or other batteries with a nominal voltage
greater than 1.8 V. The instrument may be damaged.
Protect our environment! Batteries purchased from Kingfisher agents
can be returned to them for appropriate disposal.
To save energy, the instrument automatically turns off after 10 minutes
without operation.
KI 9000 UM-7
10
OPTICAL CONNECTOR
Light Source and Standard Power Meter
To access the optical connector, grasp the top left corner of the
instrument, and pull off the cover.
To install an adaptor, align the locating slot on the side of the through
adaptor with that on the instrument connector, and press it on.
To remove an adaptor, press button on the front of the instrument and
then pull off the adaptor. It is easier to pull off the adaptor with a test
lead in place, since this gives better grip.
Different styles of connector adaptor (ST, SC, FC, MU, LC/F3000,
E2000/LSH, D4, MU, 2.5mm universal, SMA and LSA/DIN) can be
easily fitted by the user.
When not in use, keep the test port and connector covered. Do not
touch connector tip with your fingers, since body oils and dirt can
impair connector performance.
Bare fiber adaptors must achieve fiber eccentricity of ± 100 microns,
and end tolerance of ± 300 microns relative to the ferrule end.
Preferred bare fiber adaptors consist of a connector with fiber retention
device or other end stop.
For regular work with bare fibers, it is preferable to use an alternative
arrangement such as a multimode pigtail with a v-groove or
mechanical splice.
Large Area Power Meter
Power meters with a large area .detector do not have a snap-on dust
cover, and may not have any connector fitted as delivered.
The threaded connector adaptor is easily installed or removed by
rotating the adaptor.
It is suggested to always leave a connector adaptor in place to
physically protect the detector.
The supplied standard adaptors have ceramic sleeves and do not
cause metal dust contamination, which can cause connector failure
and fiber fuse at very high power levels.
Note these adaptors are usually metallic, so if they are used on high
power systems, extra cleaning of the connector after insertion into the
adaptor is advisable.
CAUTION! Do not use damaged or incompatible connectors.
A light source is either PC or APC connector specific. This is
determined when ordering the instrument.
CAUTION! When using bare fiber adaptors, do not scratch the
detector lens with a glass fiber end.
Power Meter
CAUTION! The use of bare fiber adaptors is not recommended as
permanent instrument damage will occur
Power meter can be used with both PC and APC connector styles.
KI 9000 UM-7
11
OPTICAL CONNECTOR
How to clean the optical connectors
Large Area Power Meter
Always clean the mating connector tip and ferrule before mating, using
approved materials.
The window on the large area detector is delicate and should not be
scratched, pushed or banged.
CAUTION! Do not attempt to clean an optical interface with anything
hard that could scratch glass, or permanent instrument damage may
occur.
Light Source
Power Meter
The glass power meter interface does not make contact with the
inserted connector - there is a slight air gap. Therefore it will not wear,
and only needs occasional cleaning.
To clean the interface, use stick style connector cleaner and blow
away any dust or dirt with compressed air.
If this is not sufficient, clean the interface by rubbing a lint-free lens
cloth over the surface using small circular movements
WARNING! Disable source when cleaning optical interface. Remove
batteries before using a microscope to inspect instrument connector.
To clean, first remove the connector adaptor to access the glass
interface, then use a soft brush, alcohol, air can or sticky material such
as ‘Blu tac’ to remove dirt.
KI 9000 UM-7
12
OPERATION: Power Meter
WARNING! Observe optical safety procedures relevant to the power
levels being measured.
To stop / start display update, press [Hold]. The symbol will flash when
the display is on hold.
To switch on KI 9600 instrument for permanent operation, press and
hold [POWER] during turn-on. ‘Perm’ on the display indicates that the
unit will stay on permanently. Also during instrument turn on:
To set reference, press and hold [Set Ref] for more than 3 sec.
-
to view all display segments, press and hold down []
to display firmware version, press and hold down [HOLD]
for quiet non-beeping operation, press and hold down []
Should the instrument fail to turn on, the microprocessor may need rebooting. To do this, remove the batteries for at least 40 seconds.
After turn-on, the instrument performs a self-calibration sequence, and
then displays absolute power in dBm at the previously set wavelength.
If ‘HI’ or ‘LO’ are displayed, the input is out of range.
To measure the operational power level in a fiber optic system, the
meter is used in dBm or linear modes. To measure optical loss or
attenuation, the power meter is used in dB mode, and the source
power is taken as a reference.
To scroll wavelength, press [] or []. The display shows the
nominal wavelength in nm on the top right of the display.
When in relative mode, the reference value is displayed on the left
hand side of the display.
To display max min recorded power, press and hold [Max Min]. To reset this function, press [POWER].
When a multi-fibre ID tone (1 – 12) is detected by a power meter, a
buzzer will sound and the corresponding fiber ID number (1 – 12) will
be displayed.
When a standard tone is detected (eg 270 Hz, 1 KHz, 2 KHz), a buzzer
will sound and the corresponding modulation frequency will be
displayed. This is useful for fiber identification and signalling. The
meter can also be used to check the actual modulation frequency of
test sources.
If the meter detects a test tone higher than 200 Hz, the display will
show the actual measured modulation frequency in kHz. Maximum
displayed frequency is 2500 Hz.
.
To toggle logarithmic / relative/ linear display modes, press [dB / dBm
/ mW]. The display will show ‘dB’ or ‘dBm’ or ‘nW’.
KI 9000 UM-7
13
OPERATION: Power Meter
SlowMode
Slow mode is used to measure power on unstable signals, or signals
that accidentally trigger tone detection. In this mode, Autotest and tone
detection are disabled, and measurement integration time is extended.
In SlowMode, the display will show average optical power of the
modulated signal. The meter response will be slow
KI 9000 UM-7
See Quick Reference Guide at the end of this manual for SlowMode
operation
See later section for TamperLock operation.
.
14
OPERATION: Light Source
WARNING! Observe optical safety procedures relevant to the light
source power levels.
 Modulation is active only while the source is enabled. To select a
modulation tone, press [MOD] to scroll through available settings.
To switch on KI 9000 instruments for permanent operation, press and
hold [POWER] during turn-on. ‘Perm’ on the display indicates that the
unit will stay on permanently. Also during instrument turn on:
 Press and hold [MOD], then press [] to step down or [] to
step up the modulation tone or fiber ID number (1-12).
-
to view all display segments, press and hold down []
to display firmware version, press and hold down [HOLD]
for quiet non-beeping operation, press and hold down []
Should the instrument fail to turn on, the microprocessor may need rebooting. To do this, remove the batteries for at least 40 seconds.
The mode of operation described below is typically used to perform
continuity testing with the test tone generator.
The light source may require a warm up period at the set wavelength
for 15 min to achieve specified stability (ORL< 25dB).
- [].
After instrument is turned on, the display shows ‘OFF; the emitters are
off’. To enable a source emitter, press [] or []. Operating
wavelengths will be shown in the top corner on the right hand side and
source power level on the left hand side.

Press and hold [MOD], then press [] for 3 seconds to set tone
to ID12.
 Press and hold [MOD], then press [] for 3 seconds to turn off
modulation.
Laser Output Power Adjustment
 To decrease the laser output power, turn the laser ‘on’, then press
[LEVEL].
 Press and hold [LEVEL], then press [] to step down or []
to step up the output power.
 Press and hold [LEVEL], then press [] for 3 seconds to set
output power to factory default. Alternatively, press [POWER].
 Press and hold [LEVEL], then press [] for 3 seconds to set
output power to minimum.
Note: This function is not available on the LED source option, and may
be inaccurate on VCSEL laser sources.
To scroll wavelength, press [] or [].
KI 9000 UM-7
15
TAMPERLOCK MODE & AUTOTEST MODE
TAMPERLOCK
TamperLock Mode enables lower skill, repetitive and error-free
measurements, such as fixed wavelength or laser output power.
Power Meter
While in TamperLock Mode, user is prevented from changing
wavelength, dB/dBm/mW, Hold, min max and SlowMode settings.
See Power Meter Quick Reference Guide at the end of this manual for
TamperLock operations.
Light Source
While in TamperLock Mode, user is prevented from changing
wavelength or laser output power.
See Light Source Quick Reference Guide at the end of this manual for
TamperLock operations.
AUTOTEST
This feature is on the Light Source, not the power meter. It can be used
with other Kingfisher power meters such as the KI2000, KI3000.
KI7000 series.
Autotest performs automated loss measurement and wavelength
detection by data exchange between a Light Source and Optical
Power meter. Major labour savings can be achieved.
KI 9000 UM-7
Autotest detection remains activated for about 8 seconds after fiber
disconnect, so the user can change optical connections without restarting Autotest each time, thus achieving productivity gains. Autotest
reduces source warm up drift and battery consumption compared to
manual operation.
Autotest works in situations where high loss or wavelength selective
elements stop some wavelengths from transmitting. The meter will
detect and show whatever wavelengths are successfully received.
Instrument compatibility
Any Kingfisher Autotest source / power meter / loss test set / two-way
tester can be used as a source & meter, for one direction loss testing.
Both instruments must have matching source and meter wavelengths.
Initiating Autotest
Connect a light source to a power meter with an appropriate test lead,
and turn on the instruments. On the light source, press [Auto], the light
source will cycle through all available wavelengths (limited to 5*) and
the meter will automatically switch to Autotest mode. The meter
detects the correct wavelengths, and displays the nominal source
power in dBm of the respective wavelengths.
See Light Source Quick Reference Guide at the end of this manual for
Autotest operations.
16
CARE OF YOUR INSTRUMENT
Follow the directions in this manual on optical connector care.
 Use only high quality sealed alkaline or NiMH or NiCad batteries.
 During prolonged storage, remove batteries to eliminate the
possibility of acid leakage.
 During storage and transport, keep the instrument in its carry case
to protect against crushing, vibration, dust and moisture.
 The instrument is resistant to normal dust and moisture, however
it is not waterproof. If moisture gets into the instrument, dry it out
carefully before using it again.
 Clean the instrument case using alcohol or other non solvent
cleaning agents. Acetone or other active solvents may damage the
case.
 The instrument housing is made of tough polycarbonate material
with impact absorbing rubberised sides and corner features and is
therefore drop resistant.
Power Meter
 Input optical power must not exceed the damage level specified
for each detector type.
 Where possible, keep instrument away from direct sunlight.
KI 9000 UM-7
17
ACCURACY CONSIDERATIONS
All Measurements
Keep optical connectors clean and in good condition. APC connectors
will generally provide improved power stability on single mode
systems.
To reduce the effect of polarisation changes, test leads should be neat,
coiled and physically stable.
In multimode systems, modal noise and general uncertainty are much
worse than in single mode systems and optimum measurement
repeatability will be obtained by use of a mandrel wrap.
Wavelength uncertainty affects power meter calibration. This is
significant with a Ge detector in the 1550 nm band (eg > 1560 nm in
cold weather).
For PON testing, the Wavelength Selective meter KI9600WS01-Ge
offers a simple way to measure 1550 nm light, unaffected by other
wavelengths.
Light source power may drift. When you have finished a test, go back
to the start position to check if the light source power is still within
acceptable limits. Specifications are for typical drift, warm up, and with
a specified level of return loss. Actual drift will vary between
instruments and test situations.
Most available laser sources are sensitive to reflections. Varying
reflections can induce laser source instability of around 0.3 dB. This is
very difficult to verify without a special test system, but can cause
errors. Reduced reflection will result in improved repeatability.
For general measuring from 660 to 1550 nm, the Ge meters offer
adequate accuracy for many field users.
For better loss testing accuracy, use an APC connector plugged into
the power meter. This will reduce line reflections and improve
repeatability.
For better accuracy or linearity at wavelengths from 1000 – 1550 nm,
or wavelengths above 1550 nm, the InGaAs meter is preferred.
Due to emitter centre wavelength uncertainty (eg ± 20 nm), fiber
attenuation may vary with different light sources.
For high power testing, the H series meters offer excellent accuracy,
power handling, wavelength and connector reflections insensitivity.
KI 9000 UM-7
18
ACCURACY CONSIDERATIONS
Uncertainty due to +/- 30 nm λ tolerance
Si
Ge 25ºC Ge 0ºC InGaAs
850 0.10 0.40
0.40
1.3
1300
0.06
0.06
0.01
1550
0.50
1.0
0.05
1610
2.80
3.3
0.03
1.2
Normalized Power Meter Response
Relative Responsivity A/W
1.0
0.8
Ge 0 ºC
H3B
Si
0.6
H5
Ge 25 ºC
0.4
InGaAs
0.2
0.0
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
Wavelength nm
KI 9000 UM-7
19
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Power Meter
Power Range: the range of input powers for which the instrument
can be used.
Maximum Input Power: the input power not to be exceeded to avoid
destroying the instrument.
Uncertainty at Reference Conditions: the uncertainty for the
specified set of reference conditions, which includes all uncertainties
in the calibration chain, from the national laboratory to the test meter
(connectors and test leads must be absolutely clean and undamaged).
Reference conditions are the conditions during the responsivity
calibration.
Total Uncertainty: the uncertainty for a specified set of operating
conditions which includes noise and drift (connectors and test leads
must be absolutely clean and undamaged).
power during this time. Measured with an averaging optical power
meter, a 9/125 or 62.5 µm fiber, at constant temperature, and within a
specified temperature window.
Centre wavelength: the wavelength representing the centre of mass
of the selected peaks:
 cw = (1/Pº)(Pi i)
where Pi and i are the power and wavelength of each spectral
component and Po is the total power.
Spectral Bandwidth: FWHM (full width at half the maximum),
describes the spectral width of the half-power points of the laser,
assuming a Gaussian envelope of the spectral power distribution. The
half-power points are those where the power-spectral density is one
half of the peak amplitude of the Gaussian curve:
Light Source
Output Power: the CW output power at the specified wavelength at
the end of a reference cable.
Power Uncertainty / Repeatability: the uncertainty in power level at
the end of a reference cable.
Short / Long Term (Power) Stability: in CW mode, the uncertainty of
the power level observed over a given time, compared to the mean
KI 9000 UM-7
and
where: center
Ptotal
Pi
i
M
= center wavelength of laser diode (in vacuum)
=  Pi = total power, in watts
= power of i th longitudinal mode
= wavelength of i th longitudinal mode (in vacuum)
= multiplication factor; for a source with a Gaussian envelope M = 2.35;
for other types of spectra, use M = 2.35 as well.
20
SPECIFICATIONS
General Specifications:
Size:
124 x 81 x 25 mm, 4.9" x 3.2" x 1"
Weight:
Power Meter XL Series
150 gm, 0.3 lb
160 gm, 0.4 lb
Shipping 0.5 Kg, 1.1 lb.
Operating/ Storage:
-15 to 55 °C / -25 to 70 °C.
Power:
2 alkaline ‘AAA’ cells
Case:
Polycarbonate, 2.5 meter drop tested.
Calibration:
Performed without opening instrument.
Recommended calibration cycle: 3 years.
Display:
4 digit high custom contrast LCD
Linear: 3 digits (100-999) or 0.01 nW
Power Meter:
Tone detection:
KI 9000 UM-7
200~ 2500 Hz ±2%.
21
SPECIFICATIONS
KI 9800 Optical Light Source:
1310 or
1310/1550
nm Laser
1310/1625
nm Laser
1310/1490/
1550 nm
Laser
1310/1550/
1625 nm
Laser
635 nm
Laser
650 nm
Laser
850 nm
VCSEL
850 / 1300 nm
LED
-20 @ 62.5/125
0
0
-4
-4
-2
+7
-2
@ 9/125
@ 9/125
@ 9/125
@ 9/125
@ 9/125
@9/125
@ 50/125
-22 @ 50/125
-32 @ 9.5/125
Short term
stability (dB)
0.041
0.061
0.041
0.061
N/A
N/A
0.121
Stability over
temp (dB)
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
N/A
N/A
 initial
tolerance (nm)
20
20
20
20
5
 width, nm
3
3
3
3
 nm/C
0.4
0.4
0.4
Mode
Controlled
Source
NA
NA
Reconnection
repeatability
(dB)
0.1
0.1
Power (dBm) @
Fiber Type(m)
Laser output
Comments
-6
@ 1000 POF
 1 dB
0.01
0.01
For 15 min, typ 
 2C, after warm
up
0.8
0.35
0.35
Typical, over
temperature
5
20
NA
5
At 25 C
3
3
<1
NA
20
FWHM, typical
0.4
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.4
NA
Typical
NA
NA
NA
NA
Mode controlled2
NA
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.05
NA
NA
NA
Yes
NA
NA
NA
95 % confidence
270 Hz, 1 kHz, 2 kHz  2 %
Modulation
Blinking 2 Hz
660 nm
LED
NA
NA
NA
NA
Yes
Yes
Adjustable over 3 dB in 0.1 dB steps
1) ORL < -25 dB.
2) Multimode source: mode distribution @ 50/125 is compliant with the following standards: IEC 61280-4-1 {Ed.1.0}, TIA/EIA 526-14A and TIA TSB-178.
KI 9000 UM-7
22
SPECIFICATIONS
KI 9600 Series Optical Power Meter
Detector
type
Response

nm
Damage
level
dBm
Calibration 
nm
Power
range
dBm
InGaAs
600 ~
1700
+15
660, 850
1300, 1310, 1390, 1490,
1550, 1610, 1625
+5 ~ -60
H3B
(InGaAs)
800 ~
1700
+274
850
1300, 1310, 1390, 1490,
1550, 1590, 1610, 1625
+24 ~ -40
H5 (InGaAs)
800 ~
1700
+25
850
1300, 1310, 1390, 1490,
1550, 1590, 1610, 1625
+15 ~ -50
600 ~
1650
+15
635,650,660,780,1610,
1625
850, 1300, 1310, 1390,
1490, 1550
+10 ~ -60
Ge
Tone & mulitfiber ID
sensitivity
dBm
-40
-50
Mid range
linearity1
dB
-20
-30
0.02
-30
-40
0.02
-40
0.04
Calibration
Accuracy2
%
Polarization
Sensitivity
dB
Total
Uncertainty3,5
dB

Sensitivity5
± 30 nm dB
2%
< 0.005
0.3
0.03
< 0.005
0.3
0.03
< 0.005
0.3
0.03
< 0.005
0.5
0.04
typical
max
typical
0.02
(0.09 dB)
2%
(0.09dB)
2%
(0.09dB)
2%
(0.09dB)
-50
typical
Note 1: Mid range linearity excludes top 3 dB and bottom 10 dB of range.
Note 2: Calibration condition: non coherent light, -35 ± 5 dBm, 23 ± 1°C, ± 1 nm, 10 ± 3 nm FWHM, PC ceramic connector, 100 µm fiber
Note 3: Includes contributions due to: varying optical connector types, calibration uncertainty, full temperature, dynamic range and fiber core diameter up to 200 µm.
Note 4: H3B can sustain the damage level for 2 minutes.
Note 5: At calibration wavelengths in bold type
KI 9000 UM-7
23
SPECIFICATIONS
KI9600WS01-Ge
Calibrated wavelengths(nm)
1550
Measurement of 1550nm
Pass band
Isolation of 1490nm band
Isolation of 1310nm band
Max permitted input level
Measurement range
Measurement accuracy
1530 to 1625
> 25dB
> 30dB
+15dBm
+10 to -70 dBm
Mid range linearity¹
Polarization sensitivity
Total Uncertainty³
0.04 dB
< 0.005 dB
0.5 dB
KI 9600XL Series Large Area Optical Power Meter
Calibration 
nm
Power
range
dBm
Mid range
linearity¹
dB
Calibration
Accuracy2
%
Polarisation
Sensitivity
dB
Total
Uncertainty³
dB
+15
635,650,660,780,1610,1625
850,1300,1310,1390,1490,1550
+10 ~ -35
+10 ~ -40

Sensitivity5
± 30 nm
dB
0.04
2%
< 0.005
0.5
0.04
+10
470, 520,
635, 650, 660,
780, 850, 980
+5 ~ -50
+5 ~ -60
0.02
2%
< 0.005
0.3
0. 03
typical
max
typical
Detector type
Response

nm
Damage
level
dBm
5mm Ge
600 ~ 1650
5 mm Si
350 ~ 1100
typical
Note 1: Mid range linearity excludes top 3 dB and bottom 10 dB of range.
Note 2: Calibration condition: non coherent light, -35 ± 5 dBm, 23 ± 1°C, ± 1 nm, 10 ± 3 nm FWHM, PC ceramic connector, 100 µm fiber
Note 3: Includes contributions due to: varying optical connector types, calibration uncertainty, full temperature, dynamic range and fiber core diameter up to 200 µm.
Note 5: At calibration wavelengths in bold type
KI 9000 UM-7
24
ORDERING INFORMATION
KI 9600 Series Optical Power Meter:
Instrument, Power Ge
Instrument, Power Meter InGaAs
Instrument, Power Meter H3B
Instrument, Power Meter H5
Wavelenght Selective Power Meter
KI 9600A - Ge
KI 9600A - InGaAs
KI 9600A - H3B
KI 9600A - H5
KI 9600WS01 - Ge
Large Area Ge Power Meter
Large Area Si Power Meter
Standard Accessories:
KI 9600XL – Ge 5
KI 9600XL – Si 5
QRG, calibration certificate, Quality Assurance certificate, wrist strap,
carry pouch
Optional Interchangeable Connector Adaptors:
Standard Accessories:
Description
P/N
Description
P/N
SC connector adaptor, QRG, traceable calibration certificate, Quality
Assurance certificate, wrist strap, carry pouch.
ST
OPT202
FC
OPT204
SC
OPT201
LSA/DIN
OPT207
Optical Connectors:
E2000/LSH
OPT220
SMA905/906
OPT203
D4
OPT206
EC
OPT221
MU
OPT222
MTRJ
OPT223
The power meter works with both PC and APC connectors.
Optional Interchangeable Connector Adaptors:
Description
P/N
Description
Biconic
OPT205
Diamond 3.5mm
OPT208
P/N
Universal 1.25mm
OPT224
Universal 2.5mm
OPT225
MPO
OPT227
Toslink
OPT230
POF cable, mini
Toslink, HFBR
series, 2.5,1.25mm
OPT229
ST
OPT040
LC
OPT076
FC
OPT051
MU
OPT080
D4
OPT055
Universal 2.5mm
OPT081
E2000/LSH, blue
OPT060
Universal 1.25mm
OPT084
E2000/LSH, green
OPT060G
SMA 905/906
OPT082
LSA/DIN 47256 blue
OPT071
To order KI9600XL Series Large Area Optical Power Meter, please
Specify instrument and at least one optional interchangeable
connector adaptor.
KI 9600XL Series Large Area Optical Power Meter:
KI 9000 UM-7
25
ORDERING INFORMATION
Optional Accessories for KI 9600 and KI 9600XL Series:
Option, KI9000 Series Accessory Pack (OPT148), Option, Carry Case
for two KI2xxx / KI3xxx / KI7xxx (OPT153), Option, Carry Case incl
KI 9000 UM-7
Cletop & Cleaning Sticks for KI2xxx / KI3xxx / KI7xxx. Large
(OPT154B)
26
ORDERING INFORMATION
KI 9800 Series Optical Light Source:
Standard Accessories:
Instrument, Source 635 nm VFL Laser
Instrument, Source 650 nm VFL Laser
Instrument, Source 660 nm LED
Instrument, Source 850-1300 nm LED
Instrument, Source 1310 nm Laser
Instrument, Source 1310-1550 nm Laser
SC connector adaptors, QRG, 50m and 62.5m mandrel wraps
(LED source only), fixed SMA connector (KI9809A only), patchcord
SMA-SMA POF 1mm simplex 4M (KI9809A only), Quality Assurance
certificate, carry strap, soft carry pouch.
KI9807A
KI9808A
KI 9809A
KI 9812A
KI 9820A
KI 9822A
Instrument, Source 1310-1550 nm Laser, APC
KI 9822A – APC
Instrument, source 1310-1625 nm Laser, APC
KI9825A-APC
Instrument, Source 1310-1490-1550 nm Laser
KI 9827A
Instrument, Source 1310-1490-1550 nm Laser, APC KI 9827A - APC
Instrument, Source 1310-1550-1625 nm Laser, APC KI 9828A-APC
Instrument, Source 850 nm VCSEL
KI 9840A
KI 9000 UM-7
Optional Accessories:
Option, KI9000 Series Accessory Pack (OPT148), Option, Carry Case
incl Cletop & Cleaning Sticks for KI2xxx / KI3xxx / KI7xxx Large
(OPT154B).
Optical Connectors:
The source ferrule type is fixed and customer specified as either PC
or APC when ordering the instrument.
Optional Interchangeable Connector Adaptors:
Description
P/N
Description
ST
OPT040
LC (plastic body)
OPT072
P/N
FC
OPT051
LC (metal body)
OPT076
D4
OPT055
MU
OPT080
E2000/LSH, blue
OPT060
2.5mm universal
OPT081
E2000/LSH, green
OPT060G
SMA 905/906
OPT082
LSA/DIN 47256 blue
OPT071
27
CALIBRATION AND MAINTENANCE
There are no internal user adjustments. Calibration is performed
without opening the instrument.
Before commencing calibration:

Clean all optical connectors very carefully.

Ensure that all devices have been at a stable room
temperature for over an hour, and that the light source is fully
warmed up at the wavelength to be calibrated.

Ensure that all installed batteries are in good working
condition.
KI 9000 UM-7
To enable calibration mode, remove belt clip and anti-tamper label at
the back of the instrument and insert a 2.54 mm (0.1”) pitch
programming shunt across pins. Manipulation of the shunt is easier
with needle nose pliers.
Figure1. Calibration opening, positioned at the back of the instrument
underneath belt clip and covered by anti-temper label.
Perform calibration as per instructions below. When calibration is
complete, remove the calibration shunt, and place an anti-tamper label
over the hole. Do not forget to update your calibration records and to
schedule the next calibration service.
28
CALIBRATION AND MAINTENANCE
Power Meter Calibration

Calibration is a transfer process. It is performed by setting up a light
source at a stable, but non-critical power level between 0 and -30 dBm,
and adjusting the meter reading to the same value as that shown by a
reference meter.
Inserting the 2.54 mm (0.1”) pitch programming shunt across
pins will put the instrument into calibration mode. It will
display ‘CAL’.

Press [] or [] to set the wavelength to be calibrated.

Record the light source power measured by reference power
meter.

Transfer this power level to the meter to be calibrated:
Required are laser and LED light sources with accurate, calibrated
wavelengths and good power stability, a power meter with appropriate
calibrated wavelengths, single mode and multimode test leads. Check
the calibration certificates on your reference equipment to ensure
current validity.
Press [HOLD] to display power reading. Press [HOLD] again
to display current offsets. Record the current (old) value.
Press [HOLD] again, then [] or [] to adjust reading
to match the noted reference reading. Press [HOLD] again
to display current offsets. Record the current (new) value.
Note: Toggling the [HOLD] button will show the power
reading and the offsets on the display.
Known calibration constants can be re-entered directly without using
other equipment. This is useful in case old calibration constants are to
be put back.
Record the existing calibration offsets, re-enter or adjust known offsets
at this point or calibrate the meter at the selected wavelength as
follows:
Note: this process may not be as accurate as the original factory
calibration process.
KI 9000 UM-7

To set the new value, press and hold [dB/dBm/ mW] until the
instrument beeps. The display will show ‘CAL’ and calibrated
wavelength.

Repeat above process for other wavelengths.
29
CALIBRATION AND MAINTENANCE
Light Source Calibration
Opening the Instrument:
The emitter power level can be re-calibrated, and the current checked.
CAUTION!
Required are reference power meter with appropriate calibrated
wavelengths, single mode and multimode test leads, an anti-tamper
label. Check the calibration certificates on your reference equipment
to ensure current validity.

Do not open unless warranty has expired and you are
authorised to do so. Opening the unit will invalidate any
warranty claim.

This unit contains static sensitive devices. Anti-static
handling procedures should be observed at all times when
handling internal circuits.

There are no internal user adjustments. All calibration is
performed without opening the instrument. The optical
sensor / connector assembly is not user serviceable.
CAUTION! Use of controls or adjustments or performance of
procedures other than those specified herein may result in hazardous
radiation exposure.
Calibrate the source at the selected wavelengths as follows:







Inserting the 2.54 mm (0.1”) pitch programming shunt across
pins will put the instrument into calibration mode. It will
display ‘CAL’.
Press [] to set the wavelength to be calibrated. Measure
light source power using the reference meter.
Press [] to display DAC values from 0 to 1023 and
emitter current.
Set the emitter power to the required level by pressing
[MOD] to reduce and [LEVEL] to increase output.
Press [] to save new value and to exit.
To return to factory default setting, press [].
Repeat the above process for any additional wavelengths if
required.
KI 9000 UM-7
Procedure:

Open battery compartment and remove the batteries. Pull
open the optical connector cover.

Place the instrument face down on a soft mat, remove belt
clip and undo the screws in the rear housing. The instrument
can now be gently pulled apart.

Further disassembly from this stage should be easily
apparent to a technician.

Re-assembly is the reverse of the previous procedure.
30
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
The tests procedures described in this section are for performance
verification of a KI9600-InGaAs Optical Power Meter and KI9822
Optical Light Source.
It is not possible to give detailed test procedures for all instrument
options, so some parameters may need adjusting to the appropriate
specifications.
Required Equipment: this is the required equipment for the
performance tests listed. Any equipment that satisfies the critical
specifications of the equipment given in the table may be substituted
for the recommended models.
Test Record: results of the performance test may be tabulated on a
photocopy of the Test Record provided at the end of the test
procedure. It is recommended that you fill out the Test Record and
refer to it while doing the test. Alternatively, a soft copy of this manual
may be obtained from our web site.
Test Failure: if the equipment under test fails any performance test,
return the instrument to the nearest Sales/Service Office for repair.
Instrument Specification: specifications are the performance
characteristics of the instrument that are certified, and are the limits
against which the equipment under test can be tested.
KI 9000 UM-7
Any changes in the specifications due to manufacturing changes,
design, or traceability to NATA, will be covered in a manual change
supplement, or revised manual. Such specifications supersede any
previously published.
General Instructions
Perform each step in the order given, using the corresponding test
equipment. Use Tables 1 ~ 3 to record general test details.
The SMF / MMF test lead fiber type and PC / APC connector polish
must be matched to the instrument type.
Ensure that all optical connections are dry and clean. DO NOT USE
INDEX MATCHING OIL. For cleaning, use the cleaning instructions
given in the section ‘Optical Connector’.
Make sure that all patch cords are fixed to the table to avoid
movements during measurements.
Ensure that the ambient conditions are in the following ranges:
Temperature:
21 ± 3 ºC
Relative humidity:
45 to 75 %
31
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Required
Characteristics
Alternative
Model
Instrument / Accessory
Recommended Model
Optical Light Source
KI9822A
KI2400 series, KI2800 series
Optical Power Meter
KI9600-InGaAs
KI2600 series
Optical Attenuator
KI7013B
For optional test only
Optical Spectrum Analyzer
Agilent 71450B or equivalent
Table 1. Required Equipment for KI 9600 and KI 9800 Performance Verification Tests.
KI 9000 UM-7
32
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Optical Power Meter
4. Change the attenuation of attenuator until the optical power meter
displays -10.00 dBm. Note the attenuator setting in setting 1 of
Table 4.
Accuracy Test
1. Connect the equipment as shown in Figure 2:
Power Meter
Attenuator
Figure 2.Test set-up for KI 9600 Power Meter Accuracy Test
2. Switch on all three instruments.
If the laser source is not powerful enough to give -10 dBm, set the
attenuator to 2.5 dB and correct the appropriate values in the test
report.
Light Source
Repeat the above for reference power meter readings of
-20dBm, -30 dBm, -40 dBm and -50 dBm ( settings 2 ~ 5 ).
5. Measure the DUT:
Re-connect the attenuator output cable to the DUT.
Set the attenuator to its value for setting 1.
Note the displayed power level of the DUT in the test record.
Repeat the above for attenuator settings 2 ~ 5.
6. Repeat the Power Meter Accuracy Test at 1550 nm.
3. Set all instruments to 1310 nm.
KI 9000 UM-7
33
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Optical Light Source
Output Power (CW) Test
1. Connect the equipment as shown in Figure 3.
2. Switch on the instruments.
3. Set the Optical Power Meter to 1310 nm
4. On Light Source, enable the source and set the wavelength to 1310 nm.
5. Note the measured power level value in the test report in Table 5.
6. Repeat the above on 1550 nm.
Light Source
Power Meter
Figure 3. Test set-up for KI 9800 Light Source Output Power (CW) Test
KI 9000 UM-7
34
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Optical Light Source
4. Let the unit warm-up for 15 minutes then note the power.
Short Term Stability Test (optional)
5. Record the power every 30 seconds for 3 minutes.
1. Connect the equipment as shown in Figure 4. For better stability,
ensure that connector plugged into power meter has APC termination.
6. Calculate max-min values for stability (< 0.1dB).
7. Record test results in Table 5.
Time
00 sec
Measured power,
dBm
Drift, dB
Tick max/min
values
0.00
30 sec
60 sec
Light Source
Power Meter
Figure 4. Test set-up for KI 9800 Light Source Short Term Stability Test
2. Set the optical power meter to 1310 nm.
3. On Light Source, enable the source and set the wavelength to
1310 nm.
KI 9000 UM-7
90 sec
120 sec
150 sec
180 sec
35
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Optical Light Source
4. On the OSA, press the [Instr Preset] key
Centre wavelength and Spectral Bandwidth (FWHM) Test (optional)
5. Press [Auto/Meas] and wait until 'End of Automeasure' is displayed
1. Connect the equipment as shown in Figure 5.
6. Choose [User] and select the type of source to be measured (FP for
Fabery Perot laser).
7. To show the display in linear mode:



Press [Menu].
Press [Amptd] on the left side of the display.
Press [Linear] on the right side of the display.
8. To ensure interference - free reading of the display it is advisable
to stop the repeating calculations.
 Press [User].
 Press [Single Sweep].
If the trace on the display is not clear, you can change resolution by
using the span key.
Figure 5. Test set-up for the centre wavelength and spectral bandwidth
2. Switch on the instruments and allow to fully warm up.
3. On Light Source, enable the source and set the wavelength to 1310
nm.
KI 9000 UM-7
9. From the displayed measurements check and note the values for
"mean wavelength" (Centre wavelength) and "FWHM" (Spectral
Bandwidth) in the test report, Table 6.
10. Repeat the test with the source wavelength set to 1550 nm.
36
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Model:
Date:
Serial No.:
Ambient Temperature:
C
Options:
Relative Humidity:
%
Firmware Revision:
Line Frequency:
Hz
Test Facility:
Customer:
Performed by:
Report No:
Special Notes:
Table 2. General Test Record for KI 9600 and KI 9800
KI 9000 UM-7
37
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Description
1.
Optical Light Source
2.
Optical Power Meter
3.
Optical Attenuator
Model
Trace No.
Calibration Due Date
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Accessories
Singlemode Fiber
Connector Adaptors
Table 3. Equipment Record for KI 9600 and KI 9800 Performance Verification Tests.
KI 9000 UM-7
38
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Model: ________________________
Report No: ______________ Date: ________________
Accuracy Test
Test Wavelength =
Setting
Number
Power meter
Reference value
1.
(~- 10.00 dBm)
dB
(~- 10.30 dBm)
dBm
(~- 9.70 dBm)
2.
(~- 20.00 dBm)
dB
(~- 20.30 dBm)
dBm
(~- 19.70 dBm)
3.
(~- 30.00 dBm)
dB
(~- 30.30 dBm)
dBm
(~- 29.70 dBm)
4.
(~- 40.00 dBm)
dB
(~- 40.30 dBm)
dBm
(~- 39.70 dBm)
5.
(~- 50.00 dBm)
dB
(~- 50.30 dBm)
dBm
(~- 49.70 dBm)
Minimum Specification
Attenuator
Setting
(-0.3 dB of Reference)
Measurement Uncertainty
DUT
Measurement results
Maximum Specification
(+0.3 dB of Reference.)
dB
Note 1: Minimum/Maximum Specification is for the KI 9600-InGaAs. For the KI 9600-Ge, increase/reduce by ±0.2 dB. For the KI 9600-H3B, increase/reduce by ± 0.1 dB.
Table 4. Accuracy Test Record for KI 9600 Series Optical Power Meter
KI 9000 UM-7
39
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Model:
Report No.
Date:
Output Power (CW) Test
DUT
Measurement Results
Wavelength
Minimum Specification
1310 nm
-1.00 dBm
dBm
1550 nm
-1.00 dBm
dBm
Measurement Uncertainty
Maximum Specification
dB
Short-Term Stability Test (optional)
1310 nm
dBpp
(0.10 dBpp) 0.04 dBpp typical
1550 nm
dBpp
(0.10 dBpp) 0.04 dBpp typical
Measurement Uncertainty
dB
Table 5. Output Power Test and Short Term Stability Test Record for KI 9800 Series Optical Light Source
KI 9000 UM-7
40
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Model:
Report No:
Date:
Central Wavelength & Spectral Bandwidth (FWHM) Test (optional)
DUT
Measurement Results
Wavelength
Minimum Spec.
Maximum Spec.
1310 nm
1290 nm
nm
1330 nm
1550 nm
1530 nm
nm
1570 nm
1310 nm
nm
(6nm) 3 nm typical
1550 nm
nm
(6nm) 3 nm typical
Centre wavelength
Spectral Bandwidth (FWHM)
Measurement Uncertainty
dB
Table 6. Central wavelength and Test Record for KI 9800 Series Optical Light Source
KI 9000 UM-7
41
QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE – KI 9600 Series Optical Power Meter
 To remove interchangeable connector adaptor, press
 To set reference, press and hold [Set Ref] for more
the button on the front of the instrument and pull off
than 3 sec. When in reference mode, the reference
adaptor.
value is shown on the left hand side of the display.
 To defeat auto power-off, press and hold [POWER] for
3 seconds during turn on. ‘Perm’ is displayed on the top
right of the LCD.
 Low battery is indicated with a battery symbol.
 During instrument turn on:
- to view all display segments, press and hold []
- to turn buzzer off, press and hold []
- to display firmware version, press and hold
[HOLD]
- to start Slow mode, press and hold [dB/dBm/mW
Set Ref]
 To scroll wavelength, press [] or [].
 To display max min recorded power, press and hold
[Max Min]. To re-set this function, press [POWER].
 When multi-fibre ID tone is detected by a power
meter, a buzzer will sound and the corresponding
fiber ID number will be displayed. This function is
disabled in SlowMode.
 When a standard tone is detected (eg 270 Hz, 1 KHz,
2 KHz), a buzzer will sound and the corresponding
modulation frequency will be displayed.
 If the meter detects a test tone higher than 200 Hz,
the display will show the actual measured modulation
frequency in kHz. This function is disabled in
SlowMode.
 To toggle logarithmic/relative/linear display modes,
press [dB/dBm/mW].
 To stop / start display update, press [HOLD].
KI 9000 UM-7
42
QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE – KI 9600 Series Optical Power Meter
SlowMode:
 While in TamperLock Mode, user is prevented from
changing wavelength, dB/dBm/mW, Hold, min max
 In SlowMode, the display will show average optical
and SlowMode settings.
power of the modulated signal. All tone detection is
disabled.

To start SlowMode, press and hold [dB/dBm/mW Set
Ref] while turning power meter on. “- tonE” will be
displayed.

To start SlowMode when power meter is already
turned on, press and hold [], then press
[dB/dBm/mW Set Ref]. “- tonE” will be displayed.

To start SlowMode when test tone detection is active,
press [dB/dBm/mW Set Ref].

While SlowMode is on, alternating “” and “B”
symbols will be displayed.

To exit SlowMode, press and hold [], then press
[dB/dBm/mW Set Ref].

Turning power meter off will end Slow Mode.
 To start TamperLock Mode, press and hold [],
then press and hold [HOLD].
When display show “codE”, enter six key sequence
(all keys other than [POWER] can be used). Triple
beep will be heard and display will show “LOut” to
indicate completion.
 While TamperLock Mode is active, “<<<” and “>>>”
symbols will be displayed.
 If power meter had been locked while in dB R mode,
press and hold [Set Ref] to set reference.
 To clear TamperLock, hold [] and [HOLD] while
turning power meter on. When display show “codE”,
enter six key sequence. If the correct sequence had
been entered, “PASS” will be displayed indicating
TamperLock had been cleared.
TamperLock Mode:
KI 9000 UM-7
43
QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE – KI 9600 Series Optical Power Meter
 In case where entered sequence was not correct,
 TamperLock will be cleared after three unsuccessful
“FAIL x” will be displayed (where x is attempt count).
attempts.
KI 9000 UM-7
44
QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE – KI 9800 Series Optical Light Source
 To remove interchangeable connector adaptor, press
 Modulation is active only while the source emitter is
the button on the front of the instrument and pull off
enabled. To select a modulation tone, press [MOD] to
adaptor.
scroll through available settings.
 To defeat auto power-off, press and hold [POWER] for
 Press and hold [MOD], then press [] to step down
3 seconds during turn on. ‘Perm’ is displayed on the top
or [] to step up the modulation tone or fiber ID
right of the LCD.
number.
 Low battery is indicated with a battery symbol.
 Press and hold [MOD], then press [] for 3 seconds
to turn off modulation.
 During instrument turn on:
 Press and hold [MOD], then press [] for 3 seconds
- to view all display segments, press and hold [].
to advance to ID12.
- to display firmware version, press and hold
 To exit, press [MOD] for 3 seconds. Alternatively, press
[LEVEL].
[POWER] while holding [MOD].
- to turn buzzer off, press and hold [].
 To enable source emitter, press [] or [] after
turning on instrument. Operating wavelengths will be
shown in the top corner on the right hand side and
source power level on the left hand side. Do not enable
a laser when there is no fibre attached to the optical
output connector.
 To scroll wavelength, press [] or [].
Laser Output Power Adjustment (not available on LED source)
 To decrease the laser output power, turn the laser ‘on’,
then press [LEVEL].
 Press and hold [LEVEL], then press [] to step down
or [] to step up the output power.
 Press and hold [LEVEL], then press [] for 3
seconds to set output power to the lowest level.
ToneMode:
KI 9000 UM-7
45
Quick Reference Guide – KI 9800 Optical Light Source
 Press and hold [LEVEL], then press [] for 3
seconds to set output power to factory default.
Alternatively, press [POWER].
AutoTest:
 To start AutoTest, press [POWER] then press [AUTO].
To end, press [AUTO] again or turn the instrument off.
TamperLock Mode:
 While in TamperLock Mode, user is prevented from
changing wavelength or laser output power.

Press [POWER], turn the emitter on, then press and
hold [] while pressing [LEVEL] for 5 seconds.
Display will show “codE’.

Enter 6 key sequence using any keys except
[POWER]. Triple beep and “LOut” on display will
indicate completion.
KI 9000 UM-7

While TamperLock is active, “<<<” and “>>>” symbols
will be displayed.
 To cancel your entry, press [POWER].
 To clear TamperLock Mode, press [POWER] while
holding down [] and [LEVEL]. When display show
“codE”, enter six key sequence.
 If the correct sequence had been entered, “PASS” will
be displayed indicating that TamperLock had been
cleared.
 In case where entered sequence was not correct,
“FAIL x” will be displayed (where x is attempt count).
 TamperLock will be cleared after three unsuccessful
attempts.
46
DISCLAIMER AND WARRANTY
Information in this manual is given in good faith for the benefit of the
user. It cannot be used as the basis for claims against Kingfisher
International or its representatives, if accidental damage or
inconvenience results from use or attempted repair of the equipment.
KINGFISHER INTERNATIONAL PTY LTD
720 Springvale Road, Mulgrave, Victoria 3170 Australia
Kingfisher International products are guaranteed against defective
components and workmanship for a period of 3 years from the date of
delivery, unless specifically stated in the original purchase contract or
agreement. This warranty excludes optical connectors or incorrect
use. Opening the instrument will invalidate the warranty. Liability is
limited solely to repair of the equipment.
KI 9000 UM-7
Phone:
(61) 3- 8544 1700
Fax:
(61) 3-- 8544 1793
E-mail:
[email protected]
Website:
http://www.kingfisherfiber.com
Technical data is subject to change without notice as part of our
program of continuous improvement. Therefore please verify critical
parameters before ordering. Australian and international patents
granted.
47
NOTES
KI 9000 UM-7
48
NOTES
KI 9000 UM-7
49
NOTES
KI 9000 UM-7
50
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