SAM L21 Xplained Pro top level
Atmel SMART Microcontrollers
SAM L21 Xplained Pro
USER GUIDE
Preface
®
The Atmel SAM L21 Xplained Pro evaluation kit is a hardware platform to
evaluate the ATSAML21J18B microcontroller.
Supported by the Atmel Studio integrated development platform, the kit
provides easy access to the features of the Atmel ATSAML21J18B and
explains how to integrate the device in a custom design.
The Xplained Pro MCU series evaluation kits include an on-board
Embedded Debugger, and no external tools are necessary to program or
debug the ATSAML21J18B.
The Xplained Pro extension kits offers additional peripherals to extend the
features of the board and ease the development of custom designs.
Atmel-42405B-SAM-L21-Xplained-Pro_User Guide-07/2015
Table of Contents
Preface............................................................................................................................ 1
1. Introduction................................................................................................................ 4
1.1.
1.2.
Features....................................................................................................................................... 4
Kit Overview................................................................................................................................. 4
2. Getting Started...........................................................................................................6
2.1.
2.2.
Xplained Pro Quick Start.............................................................................................................. 6
Design Documentation and Relevant Links................................................................................. 6
3. Xplained Pro.............................................................................................................. 7
3.1.
3.2.
3.3.
3.4.
3.5.
Embedded Debugger................................................................................................................... 7
Xplained Pro Analog Module (XAM).............................................................................................8
3.2.1.
Overview........................................................................................................................8
3.2.2.
EDBG Interface..............................................................................................................8
3.2.3.
Sample Rate.................................................................................................................. 9
3.2.4.
Measurement Ranges and Accuracy.............................................................................9
Hardware Identification System....................................................................................................9
Power Sources........................................................................................................................... 10
Xplained Pro Standard Headers and Connectors.......................................................................11
3.5.1.
Xplained Pro Standard Extension Header................................................................... 11
3.5.2.
Xplained Pro Power Header........................................................................................ 12
4. Hardware User Guide.............................................................................................. 13
4.1.
Connectors................................................................................................................................. 13
4.1.1.
Xplained Pro Extension Headers.................................................................................14
4.1.2.
VDDIO Header.............................................................................................................16
4.1.3.
USB............................................................................................................................. 16
4.1.4.
Current Measurement Header..................................................................................... 17
4.1.5.
Cortex Debug Connector............................................................................................. 17
4.2.
Peripherals................................................................................................................................. 17
4.2.1.
Crystals........................................................................................................................17
4.2.2.
Mechanical Buttons..................................................................................................... 18
4.2.3.
LED..............................................................................................................................18
4.2.4.
QTouch Button............................................................................................................. 18
4.3.
4.4.
4.2.5.
Backup Battery............................................................................................................ 18
Embedded Debugger Implementation........................................................................................19
4.3.1.
Serial Wire Debug........................................................................................................19
4.3.2.
Virtual COM Port..........................................................................................................19
4.3.3.
Atmel Data Gateway Interface.....................................................................................19
SAM L21 Xplained Pro XAM Configuration................................................................................20
5. Hardware Revision History and Known Issues........................................................22
5.1.
5.2.
Identifying Product ID and Revision........................................................................................... 22
Revision 4...................................................................................................................................22
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5.3.
Revision 3...................................................................................................................................22
6. Document Revision History..................................................................................... 23
7. Evaluation Board/kit Important Notice..................................................................... 24
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1.
Introduction
1.1.
Features
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1.2.
ATSAML21J18B microcontroller
One mechanical reset button
One mechanical programmable button
®
One QTouch button
One yellow user LED
Backup battery
32.768kHz crystal
USB interface, device and reduced host mode
Three Xplained Pro extension headers
Embedded Debugger
– Auto-ID for board identification in Atmel Studio
– One yellow status LED
– One green board power LED
– Symbolic debug of complex data types icluding scope information
– Programming and debugging, including power measurements
– Data Gateway Interface: SPI, I2C, four GPIOs
– Virtual COM port (CDC)
Embedded current measurement circuitry, with Atmel Data Visualizer support for data visualization
USB powered
Supported with application examples in Atmel Software Framework
Kit Overview
The Atmel SAM L21 Xplained Pro evaluation kit is a hardware platform to evaluate the Atmel
ATSAML21J18B.
The kit offers a set of features that enables the ATSAML21J18B user to get started with the SAM L
peripherals right away and to get an understanding of how to integrate the device in their own design.
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Figure 1-1 SAM L21 Xplained Pro Evaluation Kit Overview
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2.
Getting Started
2.1.
Xplained Pro Quick Start
Three steps to start exploring the Atmel Xplained Pro platform:
1. Download Atmel Studio.
2. Launch Atmel Studio.
3. Connect a USB cable (Standard-A to Micro-B or Micro-AB) between the PC and the DEBUG USB
port on the kit.
When the Atmel SAM L21 Xplained Pro is connected to your computer for the first time, the operating
system will do a driver software installation. The driver file supports both 32-bit and 64-bit versions of
®
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Microsoft Windows XP, Windows Vista , Windows 7, and Windows 8.
Once the Xplained Pro MCU board is powered the green power LED will be lit and Atmel Studio will auto
detect which Xplained Pro MCU- and extension board(s) are connected. Atmel Studio will present
relevant information like datasheets and kit documentation. The kit landing page in Atmel Studio also has
the option to launch Atmel Software Framework (ASF) example applications for the kit. The SAM L21
device is programmed and debugged by the on-board Embedded Debugger and therefore no external
programmer or debugger tool is needed.
2.2.
Design Documentation and Relevant Links
The following list contains links to the most relevant documents and software for the SAM L21 Xplained
Pro.
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Xplained Pro products - Atmel Xplained Pro is a series of small-sized and easy-to-use evaluation
kits for Atmel microcontrollers and other Atmel products. It consists of a series of low cost MCU
boards for evaluation and demonstration of features and capabilities of different MCU families.
Atmel Studio - Free Atmel IDE for development of C/C++ and assembler code for Atmel
microcontrollers.
Atmel sample store - Atmel sample store where you can order samples of devices.
EDBG User Guide - User guide containing more information about the on-board Embedded
Debugger.
®
IAR Embedded Workbench for ARM - This is a commercial C/C++ compiler that is available for
ARM. There is a 30 day evaluation version as well as a code size limited kick-start version available
from their website. The code size limit is 16KB for devices with M0, M0+, and M1 cores and 32KB
for devices with other cores.
®
®
Atmel QTouch Library - QTouch Library for Atmel AVR and ARM - based microcontrollers.
Atmel QTouch Composer - Tool for developing capacitive buttons, sliders, and wheels
applications.
Atmel Data Visualizer - Atmel Data Visualizer is a program used for processing and visualizing
data. Data Visualizer can receive data from various sources such as the Embedded Debugger Data
Gateway Interface found on Xplained Pro boards, and COM ports.
Design Documentation - Package containing CAD source, schematics, BOM, assembly drawings,
3D plots, layer plots etc.
Hardware Users Guide in PDF format - PDF version of this User Guide.
SAM L21 Xplained Pro in the Atmel store - Atmel Store link.
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3.
Xplained Pro
Xplained Pro is an evaluation platform that provides the full Atmel microcontroller experience. The
platform consists of a series of Microcontroller (MCU) boards and extension boards that are integrated
with Atmel Studio, have Atmel Software Framework (ASF) drivers and demo code, support data
streaming, and more. Xplained Pro MCU boards support a wide range of Xplained Pro extension boards
that are connected through a set of standardized headers and connectors. Each extension board has an
identification (ID) chip to uniquely identify which boards are connected to an Xplained Pro MCU board.
This information is used to present relevant user guides, application notes, datasheets, and example
code through Atmel Studio.
3.1.
Embedded Debugger
The SAM L21 Xplained Pro contains the Atmel Embedded Debugger (EDBG) for on-board debugging.
The EDBG is a composite USB device of three interfaces; a debugger, Virtual COM Port, and a Data
Gateway Interface (DGI).
Together with Atmel Studio, the EDBG debugger interface can program and debug the ATSAML21J18B.
On SAM L21 Xplained Pro, the SWD interface is connected between the EDBG and the ATSAML21J18B.
The Virtual COM Port is connected to a UART on the ATSAML21J18B and provides an easy way to
communicate with the target application through terminal software. It offers variable baud rate, parity, and
stop bit settings. Note that the settings on the ATSAML21J18B must match the settings given in the
terminal software.
Note: If not set automatically, data terminal ready (DTR) must be set in the terminal software.
The DGI consists of several physical interfaces for communication with the host computer.
Communication over the interfaces is bidirectional. It can be used to send events and values from the
ATSAML21J18B or as a generic printf-style data channel. Traffic over the interfaces can be timestamped
on the EDBG for more accurate tracing of events. Note that timestamping imposes an overhead that
reduces maximal throughput. Atmel Data Visualizer is used to send and receive data through DGI.
The EDBG controls two LEDs on SAM L21 Xplained Pro; a power LED and a status LED. Table 3-1 EDBG LED Control on page 7 shows how the LEDs are controlled in different operation modes.
Table 3-1 EDBG LED Control
Operation Mode
Power LED
Status LED
Normal operation
Power LED is lit when power is
applied to the board.
Activity indicator, LED flashes
when any communication
happens to the EDBG.
Bootloader mode (idle)
The power LED and the status LED blinks simultaneously.
Bootloader mode (firmware
upgrade)
The power LED and the status LED blinks in an alternating pattern.
For further documentation on the EDBG, see the EDBG User Guide.
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3.2.
Xplained Pro Analog Module (XAM)
3.2.1.
Overview
Current output
The Xplained Pro Analog Module (XAM) extends the embedded debugger with high dynamic range
current measurement. This enables power profiling of the target system.
Calibration
circuitry
GPIO(s)
Control MCU
Sync
GPIO
I2C
Calibration ON/OFF
GPIO
SPI
EDBG
Clock sync
Range selection
voltage
reference
2.7V
SWD
AREF
100 Ohm
100 mOhm
Pre-amplifier
2x
ADC0
ADC1
20x20x
S&H
ADC
16x
GND
Active filter with
gain
Current input
GPIO
Xplained Pro Analog Module (XAM)
The XAM consists of:
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Calibration circuitry
Voltage reference
Analog frontend
– Shunt resistors with a range selection switch
– Pre-amplifier
– Two active filters with gain
Control MCU
– Analog to digital converter
– Signal processing
–
Control/communication interface to the EDBG
The current measurement frontend is a high side shunt measurement with a pre-amplifier and a second
active filter stage with gain. The wide dynamic range is achieved by four measurement ranges which are
defined by two shunts and the two parallel second stage active filters with gain.
3.2.2.
EDBG Interface
The Xplained Pro Analog Module (XAM) is connected to the EDBG with the following interfaces:
•
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I2C: This is used to control and configure the XAM
SPI: Current measurement data is streamed to the EDBG via this interface. This is a one-way data
transfer channel from the XAM to the EDBG
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3.2.3.
SWD: The MCU in the XAM is programmed via SWD from the EDBG
GPIO: At least one GPIO that is connected to the EDBG from the target MCU is also connected to
the current measurement unit to enable the user to sync current measurements with his application
Clock sync: Synchronization signal to synchronize ADC measurements with EDBG
Reference clock: Reference clock for the XAM
Sample Rate
The raw sampling rate of the Xplained Pro analog module (XAM) is up to 250kHz and with the default
averaging configuration (average of 16 samples) the actual output of the XAM is 16.67kSPS (note that
the XAM output sample rate is not an integer fraction of the raw sampling).
3.2.4.
Measurement Ranges and Accuracy
The Xplained Pro analog module has four measurement ranges. These are defined by two shunt resistors
and two gain stages.
Measurement
range
Hardware
Resolution Accuracy
Comments
Range 1
Low current shunt and
high gain stage
20nA
1 LSB ±1% Below 1μA the error will
increase. Typical error for
300nA is 1 LSB ± 10%
Range 2
Low current shunt and
low gain stage
150nA
1 LSB ±1%
Range 3
High current shunt and
high gain stage
10μA
1 LSB ±1%
Range 4
High current shunt and
low gain stage
100μA
1 LSB ±1% Above 100mA the error will
increase to 1 LSB ±5% at
400mA. Maximum current is
400mA
The ranges are switched automatically by the XAM to achieve best measurement results and the
currently active range is visualized in the Atmel Data Visualizer frontend tool. The maximum voltage drop
over the shunt resistor is 100mV and the XAM will switch the range automatically before this limit is
reached.
3.3.
Hardware Identification System
™
All Xplained Pro compatible extension boards have an Atmel ATSHA204 CryptoAuthentication chip
mounted. This chip contains information that identifies the extension with its name and some extra data.
When an Xplained Pro extension is connected to an Xplained Pro MCU board the information is read and
sent to Atmel Studio. The Atmel Kits extension, installed with Atmel Studio, will give relevant information,
code examples, and links to relevant documents. Table 3-2 Xplained Pro ID Chip Content on page 9
shows the data fields stored in the ID chip with example content.
Table 3-2 Xplained Pro ID Chip Content
Data field
Data type
Example content
Manufacturer
ASCII string
Atmel'\0'
Product Name
ASCII string
Segment LCD1 Xplained Pro'\0'
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3.4.
Data field
Data type
Example content
Product Revision
ASCII string
02'\0'
Product Serial Number
ASCII string
1774020200000010’\0’
Minimum Voltage [mV]
uint16_t
3000
Maximum Voltage [mV]
uint16_t
3600
Maximum Current [mA]
uint16_t
30
Power Sources
The SAM L21 Xplained Pro kit can be powered by several power sources listed in Table 3-3 Power
Sources for SAM L21 Xplained Pro on page 10.
Table 3-3 Power Sources for SAM L21 Xplained Pro
Power input
Voltage requirements
Current requirements
Connector marking
External power
5V ±2% (±100mV) for
USB host operation.
4.3V to 5.5V if USB host
operation is not
required.
Recommended
minimum is 1A to be
able to provide enough
current for connected
USB devices and the
board itself.
Recommended
maximum is 2A due to
the input protection
maximum current
specification.
PWR
Embedded debugger
USB
4.4V to 5.25V (according 500mA (according to
to USB spec.)
USB spec.)
DEBUG USB
Target USB
4.4V to 5.25V (according 500mA (according to
to USB spec.)
USB spec.)
TARGET USB
The kit will automatically detect which power sources are available and choose which one to use
according to the following priority:
1.
2.
3.
External power.
Embedded Debugger USB.
Target USB.
Info: External power is required when 500mA from a USB connector is not enough to power
the board with possible extension boards. A connected USB device in a USB host application
might easily exceed this limit.
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3.5.
Xplained Pro Standard Headers and Connectors
3.5.1.
Xplained Pro Standard Extension Header
All Xplained Pro kits have one or more dual row, 20-pin, 100mil extension header. Xplained Pro MCU
boards have male headers, while Xplained Pro extensions have their female counterparts. Note that all
pins are not always connected. All connected pins follow the defined pin-out description in Table 3-4 Xplained Pro Standard Extension Header on page 11.
The extension headers can be used to connect a variety of Xplained Pro extensions to Xplained Pro MCU
boards or to access the pins of the target MCU on Xplained Pro MCU boards directly.
Table 3-4 Xplained Pro Standard Extension Header
Pin number
Name
Description
1
ID
Communication line to the ID chip on an extension board
2
GND
Ground
3
ADC(+)
Analog to digital converter, alternatively positive part of differential
ADC
4
ADC(-)
Analog to digital converter, alternatively negative part of differential
ADC
5
GPIO1
General purpose I/O
6
GPIO2
General purpose I/O
7
PWM(+)
Pulse width modulation, alternatively positive part of differential
PWM
8
PWM(-)
Pulse width modulation, alternatively negative part of differential
PWM
9
IRQ/GPIO
Interrupt request line and/or general purpose I/O
10
SPI_SS_B/
GPIO
Slave select for SPI and/or general purpose I/O
11
I2C_SDA
Data line for I2C interface. Always implemented, bus type.
12
I2C_SCL
Clock line for I2C interface. Always implemented, bus type.
13
UART_RX
Receiver line of target device UART
14
UART_TX
Transmitter line of target device UART
15
SPI_SS_A
Slave select for SPI. Should preferably be unique.
16
SPI_MOSI
Master out slave in line of serial peripheral interface. Always
implemented, bus type.
17
SPI_MISO
Master in slave out line of serial peripheral interface. Always
implemented, bus type.
18
SPI_SCK
Clock for serial peripheral interface. Always implemented, bus type.
19
GND
Ground
20
VCC
Power for extension board
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3.5.2.
Xplained Pro Power Header
The power header can be used to connect external power to the SAM L21 Xplained Pro kit. The kit will
automatically detect and switch to any external power if supplied. The power header can also be used as
supply for external peripherals or extension boards. Care must be taken not to exceed the total current
limitation of the on-board regulator when using the 3.3V pin.
Table 3-5 Xplained Pro Power Header
Pin number
Pin name
Description
1
VEXT_P5V0
External 5V input
2
GND
Ground
3
VCC_P5V0
Unregulated 5V (output, derived from one of the input sources)
4
VCC_P3V3
Regulated 3.3V (output, used as main power supply for the kit)
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4.
Hardware User Guide
4.1.
Connectors
The following sections describes the implementation of the relevant connectors and headers on SAM L21
Xplained Pro and their connection to the ATSAML21J18B. The tables of connections in the sections also
describes which signals are shared between the headers and on-board functionality. Figure 4-1 SAM
L21 Xplained Pro Connector Overview on page 13 shows all available connectors and jumpers on SAM
L21 Xplained Pro.
Figure 4-1 SAM L21 Xplained Pro Connector Overview
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4.1.1.
Xplained Pro Extension Headers
The SAM L21 Xplained Pro headers EXT1, EXT2, and EXT3 offers access to the I/O of the
microcontroller in order to expand the board e.g., by connecting extensions to the board. These headers
are based on the standard extension header specified in Table 3-4 Xplained Pro Standard Extension
Header on page 11. The headers have a pitch of 2.54mm.
Table 4-1 Extension Header EXT1
EXT1 pin
SAM L21 Function
pin
Shared functionality
1 [ID]
-
-
Communication line to the ID
chip on an extension board
2 [GND]
-
-
Ground
3 [ADC(+)]
PB05
AIN[13]
4 [ADC(-)]
PA03
AIN[1]
5 [GPIO1]
PB06
GPIO
6 [GPIO2]
PB07
GPIO
7 [PWM(+)]
PA12
TCC2/WO[0]
8 [PWM(-)]
PA13
TCC2/WO[1]
9 [IRQ/GPIO]
PB04
IRQ4/GPIO
10 [SPI_SS_B/GPIO] PA02
GPIO
SW0
11 [TWI_SDA]
PA08
SERCOM2 PAD[0] I²C SDA
EXT2, EXT3, and EDBG I²C
12 [TWI_SCL]
PA09
SERCOM2 PAD[1] I²C SCL
EXT2, EXT3, and EDBG I²C
13 [USART_RX]
PB09
SERCOM4 PAD[1] UART RX
14 [USART_TX]
PB08
SERCOM4 PAD[0] UART TX
15 [SPI_SS_A]
PA05
SERCOM0 PAD[1] SPI SS
16 [SPI_MOSI]
PA06
SERCOM0 PAD[2] SPI MOSI
17 [SPI_MISO]
PA04
SERCOM0 PAD[0] SPI MISO
18 [SPI_SCK]
PA07
SERCOM0 PAD[3] SPI SCK
19 [GND]
-
-
Ground
20 [VCC]
-
-
Power for extension board
Table 4-2 Extension Header EXT2
EXT2 pin
SAM L21 Function
pin
Shared functionality
1 [ID]
-
-
Communication line to the ID
chip on an extension board
2 [GND]
-
-
Ground
3 [ADC(+)]
PA10
AIN[18] / PTC_Y8
Onboard QTouch Button 1
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EXT2 pin
SAM L21 Function
pin
Shared functionality
4 [ADC(-)]
PA11
AIN[19]
5 [GPIO1]
PA20
GPIO
EDBG GPIO2
6 [GPIO2]
PA21
GPIO
EDBG GPIO3
7 [PWM(+)]
PB12
TC4/WO[0]
8 [PWM(-)]
PB13
TC4/WO[1]
9 [IRQ/GPIO]
PB14
IRQ14/GPIO
10 [SPI_SS_B/GPIO] PB15
GPIO
11 [TWI_SDA]
PA08
SERCOM2 PAD[0] I²C SDA
EXT1, EXT3, and EDBG I²C
12 [TWI_SCL]
PA09
SERCOM2 PAD[1] I²C SCL
EXT1, EXT3, and EDBG I²C
13 [USART_RX]
PA19
SERCOM1 PAD[3] UART RX
EXT3 UART
14 [USART_TX]
PA18
SERCOM1 PAD[2] UART TX
EXT3 UART
15 [SPI_SS_A]
PA17
GPIO
16 [SPI_MOSI]
PB22
SERCOM5 PAD[2] SPI MOSI
EXT3 and EDBG SPI
17 [SPI_MISO]
PB16
SERCOM5 PAD[0] SPI MISO
EXT3 and EDBG SPI
18 [SPI_SCK]
PB23
SERCOM5 PAD[3] SPI SCK
EXT3 and EDBG SPI
19 [GND]
-
-
Ground
20 [VCC]
-
-
Power for extension board
Table 4-3 Extension Header EXT3
EXT3 pin
SAM L21 Function
pin
Shared functionality
1 [ID]
-
-
Communication line to the ID
chip on an extension board
2 [GND]
-
-
Ground
3 [ADC(+)]
PB00
AIN[8]
4 [ADC(-)]
PB01
AIN[9]
5 [GPIO1]
PB30
GPIO
6 [GPIO2]
PA15
GPIO
7 [PWM(+)]
PB10
TCC0/WO[4]
8 [PWM(-)]
PB11
TCC0/WO[5]
9 [IRQ/GPIO]
PA16
IRQ0/GPIO
EDBG GPIO0
LED0
EDBG GPIO1
10 [SPI_SS_B/GPIO] PA27
GPIO
11 [TWI_SDA]
SERCOM2 PAD[0] I²C SDA
PA08
EXT1, EXT2, and EDBG I²C
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4.1.2.
EXT3 pin
SAM L21 Function
pin
Shared functionality
12 [TWI_SCL]
PA09
SERCOM2 PAD[1] I²C SCL
EXT1, EXT2, and EDBG I²C
13 [USART_RX]
PA19
SERCOM1 PAD[3] UART RX
EXT2 UART
14 [USART_TX]
PA18
SERCOM1 PAD[2] UART TX
EXT2 UART
15 [SPI_SS_A]
PB17
SERCOM5 PAD[1] SPI SS
16 [SPI_MOSI]
PB22
SERCOM5 PAD[2] SPI MOSI
EXT2 and EDBG SPI
17 [SPI_MISO]
PB16
SERCOM5 PAD[0] SPI MISO
EXT2 and EDBG SPI
18 [SPI_SCK]
PB23
SERCOM5 PAD[3] SPI SCK
EXT2 and EDBG SPI
19 [GND]
-
-
Ground
20 [VCC]
-
-
Power for extension board
VDDIO Header
The SAM L21 Xplained Pro has a 2-pin header connecting the power supply from the VCC_MCU net to
VCC_IO net through a jumper. This header can be used to measure the current to the I/O block of the
SAM L21 device by removing the jumper and connect an ammeter. SAM L21 has the possibility to run the
I/O block at a lower voltage level than the MCU is running and thus support interfacing devices that
require lower operating voltages. The header can then be used to power the VCC_IO pin at a different
voltage level by removing the jumper and connecting a power supply with the desired voltage. Refer to
the datasheet of the device for valid operating voltages.
Table 4-4 VDDIO Header
4.1.3.
VDDIO header pin
Function
1
VCC_MCU power supply
2
VCC_IO power input
USB
The SAM L21 Xplained Pro has a Micro-USB connector for use with the SAM L21 USB module labeled
as TARGET USB on the kit. To be able to detect when a target USB cable is connected in self-powered
mode, a GPIO is used to detect the VBUS voltage on the connector. In USB host mode VBUS voltage is
provided by the kit and can thus not identify a connected device, so another GPIO is used to detect the
USB ID of the device.
Table 4-5 USB Connections
SAM L21 pin
USB function
Shared functionality
PA14
VBUS Detection
Crystal footprint
PB02
USB ID
-
PA24
USB D-
-
PA25
USB D+
-
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4.1.4.
Current Measurement Header
An angled 1x2, 100mil pin-header marked with MCU current measurement is located at the upper edge of
the SAM L21 Xplained Pro. All power to the ATSAML21J18B is routed through this header. To measure
the power consumption of the device remove the jumper and replace it with an ammeter.
Caution: Removing the jumper from the pin-header while the kit is powered may cause the
ATSAML21J18B to be powered through its I/O pins. This may cause permanent damage to the
device.
4.1.5.
Cortex Debug Connector
®
SAM L21 Xplained Pro has a 10-pin 50-mil Cortex Debug Connector that can be used to attach external
debuggers to the ATSAML21J18B.
Table 4-6 Cortex Debug Connector
Cortex Debug
Connector pin
Pin / Net
Function
1
VCC_TARGET_P3V3
ATSAML21J18B voltage
2
PA31
SWD data signal
3
GND
Ground
4
PA30
SWD clock signal
5
GND
Ground
6
-
-
7
-
-
8
-
-
9
GND
Ground
10
RESETN
Target reset signal
4.2.
Peripherals
4.2.1.
Crystals
Shared functionality
EDBG SWD
EDBG SWD
The SAM L21 Xplained Pro kit contains one mounted 32.768kHz crystal and a footprint for higher
frequency crystals that can be used as clock sources for the SAM L21. The crystals have cut-straps next
to them that can be used to measure the oscillator safety factor. This is done by cutting the strap and
adding a resistor across the strap. Information about oscillator allowance and safety factor can be found
in application note AVR41001, information about clock calibration and compensation can be found in
application note AT03155.
The footprint for the external crystal is based on the Fox FQ5032B series.
Info: Note that PA14 and PA15 are shared with USB VBUS detect and EXT3 pin 5. To
disconnect PA14 and PA15 from all functionality except XTAL cut J300 and J302.
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Table 4-7 External 32.768kHz Crystal
SAM L21 pin
Function
Shared functionality
PA00
XIN32
-
PA01
XOUT32
-
Table 4-8 External Crystal Footprint
4.2.2.
SAM L21 pin
Function
Shared functionality
PA14
XIN
USB VBUS
PA15
XOUT
EXT3
Mechanical Buttons
SAM L21 Xplained Pro contains two mechanical buttons. One button is the RESET button connected to
the SAM L21 reset line and the other is a generic user configurable button. When a button is pressed it
will drive the I/O line to GND.
Note: There is no pull-up resistor connected to the generic user button. Remember to enable the
internal pull-up in the SAM L21 to use the button.
Table 4-9 Mechanical Buttons
4.2.3.
SAM L21 pin
Silkscreen text
Shared functionality
RESET
RESET
-
PA02
SW0
EXT1
LED
There is one yellow LED available on the SAM L21 Xplained Pro board that can be turned on and off. The
LED can be activated by driving the connected I/O line to GND.
Table 4-10 LED Connection
4.2.4.
SAM L21 pin
Function
Shared functionality
PB10
Yellow LED0
EXT3
QTouch Button
There is one self capacitance button available on the SAM L21 Xplained Pro board that can be used as
I/O. This QTouch button is intended to be driven by the built-in Peripheral Touch Controller (PTC) of the
device. A zero ohm resistor is added on the board to easily disconnect the onboard touch buttons from
the extension header, as the I/O lines are shared between the two.
Note: To get started with QTouch refer to Atmel QTouch Library and Atmel QTouch Composer.
Table 4-11 QTouch Connection
4.2.5.
SAM L21 pin
Silkscreen text
Shared functionality
PA10
QT BTN1
EXT2
Backup Battery
The SAM L21 Xplained Pro has a backup battery for use with the SAM L21 backup module. The battery
can be connected to the device by placing a jumper over pin 1-2 on the 3-pin VBAT SELECT header.
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By default the jumper is placed over pin 2-3 to select the board power supply. This configuration is
selected to avoid draining the battery and can be used during development.
Table 4-12 VBAT SELECT Header
4.3.
VBAT SELECT pin
Function
1
Power from battery
2
PB03/VBAT pin on SAM L21
3
Power from board supply
Embedded Debugger Implementation
SAM L21 Xplained Pro contains an Embedded Debugger (EDBG) that can be used to program and
debug the ATSAML21J18B using Serial Wire Debug (SWD). The Embedded Debugger also include a
Virtual Com port interface over UART, an Atmel Data Gateway Interface over SPI, and TWI and it
includes four of the SAM L21 GPIOs. Atmel Studio can be used as a front end for the Embedded
Debugger.
4.3.1.
Serial Wire Debug
The Serial Wire Debug (SWD) use two pins to communicate with the target. For further information on
how to use the programming and debugging capabilities of the EDBG, see Embedded Debugger on page
7.
Table 4-13 SWD Connections
4.3.2.
SAM L21 pin
Function
Shared functionality
PA30
SWD clock
Cortex debug connector
PA31
SWD data
Cortex debug connector
Virtual COM Port
The Embedded Debugger acts as a Virtual Com Port gateway by using one of the ATSAML21J18B
UARTs. For further information on how to use the Virtual COM port, see Embedded Debugger on page 7.
Table 4-14 Virtual COM Port Connections
4.3.3.
SAM L21 pin
Function
Shared functionality
PA22
SERCOM3 PAD[0] UART TXD (SAM
L21 TX line)
-
PA23
SERCOM3 PAD[1] UART RXD (SAM
L21 RX line)
-
Atmel Data Gateway Interface
The Embedded Debugger features an Atmel Data Gateway Interface (DGI) by using either a SPI or I²C.
The DGI can be used to send a variety of data from the ATSAML21J18B to the host PC. For further
information on how to use the DGI interface, see Atmel Data Visualizer and the EDBG User Guide.
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Table 4-15 DGI Interface Connections When Using SPI
SAM L21 pin
Function
Shared functionality
PB31
GPIO/SPI SS (Slave select) (SAM L21
is Master)
-
PB16
SERCOM5 PAD[0] SPI MISO (Master
In, Slave Out)
EXT2 and EXT3
PB22
SERCOM5 PAD[2] SPI MOSI (Master
Out, Slave in)
EXT2 and EXT3
PB23
SERCOM5 PAD[3] SPI SCK (Clock Out) EXT2 and EXT3
Table 4-16 DGI Interface Connections When Using I²C
SAM L21 pin
Function
Shared functionality
PA08
SERCOM2 PAD[0] SDA (Data line)
EXT1, EXT2, and EXT3
PA09
SERCOM2 PAD[1] SCL (Clock line)
EXT1, EXT2, and EXT3
Four GPIO lines are connected to the Embedded Debugger. The EDBG can monitor these lines and time
stamp pin value changes. This makes it possible to accurately time stamp events in the SAM L21
application code. For further information on how to configure and use the GPIO monitoring features, see
Atmel Data Visualizer and the EDBG User Guide.
Table 4-17 GPIO Lines Connected to the EDBG
4.4.
SAM L21 pin
Function
Shared functionality
PB01
GPIO0
EXT3
PA16
GPIO1
EXT3
PA20
GPIO2
EXT2
PA21
GPIO3
EXT2
SAM L21 Xplained Pro XAM Configuration
On the SAM L21 Xplained Pro the MCU and the MCU peripherals (e.g. extensions) are powered by its
own regulator as show in Figure 4-2 SAM L21 Xplained Pro XAM Implementation Block Diagram on page
21. All other parts of the board, mainly embedded debugger and accompanying Xplained Pro Analog
Module (XAM), are powered from a separate regulator. The current to the MCU and peripherals can be
measured by connecting them to the XAM output through jumper settings.
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Figure 4-2 SAM L21 Xplained Pro XAM Implementation Block Diagram
Xplained Pro MCU power
measurement jumper
Target
Peripherals
Target MCU
Current measurement
bypass jumper selection
Xplained Pro Analog
Module (XAM)
Target
Regulator
On the SAM L21 Xplained Pro the XAM can be used in four configurations:
1. No current measurement or external MCU current measurement: The XAM is bypassed and
thus the MCU and peripherals are supplied directly by the regulator. Set both jumpers in the
"BYPASS" position. In this configuration it is also possible to connect external measurement tools
on the Xplained Pro MCU power measurement header to measure MCU current directly instead of
using the XAM.
2. MCU current measurement: The XAM measures only the MCU current while the peripherals are
supplied directly by the regulator. For this configurations place the jumper for "I/O" (peripherals) into
the "BYPASS" position and the for "MCU" into the "MEASURE" position.
3. Peripherals measurement: The XAM measures only the peripherals current while the MCU is
directly supplied by the regulator. For this configuration place the jumper for "MCU" into the
"BYPASS" position and the "I/O" jumper into the "MEASURE" position.
4. MCU and peripherals measurement: In this configuration both MCU and peripherals are
measured by the XAM. Place both jumpers on "I/O" and "MCU" headers in the "MEASURE"
position.
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5.
Hardware Revision History and Known Issues
5.1.
Identifying Product ID and Revision
The revision and product indentifier of Xplained Pro boards can be found in two ways; either through
Atmel Studio or by looking at the sticker on the bottom side of the PCB.
By connecting an Xplained Pro MCU board to a computer with Atmel Studio running, an information
window will pop up. The first six digits of the serial number, which is listed under kit details, contain the
product identifier and revision. Information about connected Xplained Pro extension boards will also
appear in the Atmel Kit's window.
The same information can be found on the sticker on the bottom side of the PCB. Most kits will print the
identifier and revision in plain text as A09-nnnn\rr, where nnnn is the identifier and rr is the revision.
Boards with limited space have a sticker with only a QR-code, which contains a serial number string.
The serial number string has the following format:
"nnnnrrssssssssss"
n = product identifier
r = revision
s = serial number
The product indentifier for SAM L21 Xplained Pro is A09-2241.
5.2.
Revision 4
The device on revision 4 of the kit has been changed from ATSAML21J18A-AUT to ATSAML21J18BAUT.
5.3.
Revision 3
Revision 3 and previous revisions use ATSAML21J18A-AUT as the main device.
The extra crystal footprint connected to PA14 and PA15 described in Crystals on page 17 is not present
on this revision.
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6.
Document Revision History
Doc. rev.
Date
Comment
42405B
07/2015
Updated for revision 4 of the kit.
42405A
02/2015
Initial document release.
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7.
Evaluation Board/kit Important Notice
This evaluation board/kit is intended for use for FURTHER ENGINEERING, DEVELOPMENT,
DEMONSTRATION, OR EVALUATION PURPOSES ONLY. It is not a finished product and may not
(yet) comply with some or any technical or legal requirements that are applicable to finished products,
including, without limitation, directives regarding electromagnetic compatibility, recycling (WEEE), FCC,
CE or UL (except as may be otherwise noted on the board/kit). Atmel supplied this board/kit "AS IS,"
without any warranties, with all faults, at the buyer's and further users' sole risk. The user assumes all
responsibility and liability for proper and safe handling of the goods. Further, the user indemnifies Atmel
from all claims arising from the handling or use of the goods. Due to the open construction of the
product, it is the user's responsibility to take any and all appropriate precautions with regard to
electrostatic discharge and any other technical or legal concerns.
EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT OF THE INDEMNITY SET FORTH ABOVE, NEITHER USER NOR ATMEL
SHALL BE LIABLE TO EACH OTHER FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES.
No license is granted under any patent right or other intellectual property right of Atmel covering or
relating to any machine, process, or combination in which such Atmel products or services might be or
are used.
Mailing Address:
Atmel Corporation
1600 Technology Drive
San Jose, CA 95110
USA
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Atmel Corporation
©
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T: (+1)(408) 441.0311
F: (+1)(408) 436.4200
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2015 Atmel Corporation. / Rev.: Atmel-42405B-SAM-L21-Xplained-Pro_User Guide-07/2015
®
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