I n v a c a r e Action
ISO 9001
Yes, you can.
User guide
The information contained in this manual is subject to change without notice. Some information is submitted
under copyright – all rights reserved. Any information in this document cannot be photocopied or duplicated
without prior written authorization by Invacare.
As the European and world leader manufacturer of wheelchairs, Invacare endeavours to supply a wide range
of wheelchairs to meet all the needs of the user in everyday life. However, final selection of the wheelchair
rests solely with the user and his/her qualified health advisor.
Proper and efficient use of the wheelchair that you have chosen is based upon the medical prescription
which was issued for you on the basis of your pathology and the nature of your disability.
Your wheelchair is especially designed to be used inside, and with certain restrictions outside. Please comply
with traffic regulations.
Stamp of the Distributor
Dear Customer
Thank you for purchasing an Invacare wheelchair.
This model was designed to provide you with all the benefits and features to meet your needs. Only quality
components were selected for your wheelchair based upon rigorous inspections during the entire manufacturing process.
This manual describes the operating limits of your wheelchair, maintenance operations and adjustments that
you or your assistant can make.
However, all the repairs (except for inner tubes) as well as some adjustments, require specific technical
training and, therefore, must be performed by your distributor.
The Invacare Action is designed for both indoor and outdoor use with the purpose of helping people who
are not able to walk over a long distance.
1. Safety and operating limits
1.1 Reaching an object from the chair
1.2 Transferring to other seats
1.3 Tilting
1.4 Tilting, road-kerbs
1.5 Stairs
1.6 Slopes
2. Operating instructions
2.1 Folding and Unfolding the wheelchair
2.2 Operating the Wheelchair
3. Safety inspection and maintenance
3.1 Performance control
3.2 General inspection
4. Transportation
5. Warranty
6. Summary of operating instruction
1. Presentation
1.1 Introduction
1.2 General description
2. Adjustments
2.1 Seat elements
2.1.1 Seat upholstery
2.1.2 Backrest type
2.1.3 Backrest upholstery
2.1.4 Hangers & footplates
2.1.5 Armrests
2.2 Folding frame
2.2.1 Side frame
2.2.2 Double folding mechanism
2.2.3 Steering tube
2.3 Rear wheel
2.3.1 24" & 22" wheels
2.3.2 Handrims
2.3.3 Axles
2.4 Castors
2.4.1 8", 6" & 5" wheels
2.4.2 Front fork
2.5 Brakes
2.5.1 Manual brake
2.5.2 Hub brakes
2.6 Options & accessories
2.6.1 Seat options
2.6.2 Propulsion options
2.6.3 Safety options
2.6.4 Tray
3 Technical specification and equipment
3.1 Standard wheelchair specifications
3.2 Tools for adjustments and regular maintenance (Not supplied)
3.3 Dimensions
- Weight Limit
1. Safety and operating limits
The maximum recommended weight of the user is 125kg
and 150 kg for 50,5 - 55,5 & 60,5 cm seat width. However,
the level of activity is an essential factor. For example, an
active user who weighs 75 kg may subject the wheelchair to
more stress than that of a user who weighs 100 kg. To this
purpose, we recommend that you consult your retailer when
choosing the model of wheelchair based upon your daily life
For a safe operation of your wheelchair, the following parameters should be observed :
- Stability and balance
Your wheelchair has been designed to provide the stability
you need during normal daily activities.
Any movement in the wheelchair will have an impact on
the position of the centre of gravity, which may lead to the
wheelchair tipping and a fall.
To improve your safety when you move a lot or you transfer your weight from one place to another, we recommend
using seat belts.
- Weight distribution (figure 1)
Many actions cause the user of a wheelchair to reach out,
lean over or move about within the wheelchair and outside
it. These movements cause a change to normal balance,
centre of gravity (G) and weight distribution of the wheelchair.
1.1 Reaching an object from the chair
The limitations on reaching out from a wheelchair indicated
in the following diagrams have been calculated based on a
representative sample of wheelchair users:
- Only the arms should be extended beyond the seat of the
wheelchair. (figure 2).
- The body and head should remain within the boundaries of
the seat. (figure 3).
1.1.1 Leaning forward
1.1.2 Leaning backward
Do not extend your chest over the armrest (figure 4).
In order to reach an object in front of you, you must lean and
bend down ; therefore, you must use the castors as a tool
(pointing them forward) to maintain stability and balance. An
accurate alignment of the wheels is essential for your safety
(figure 5).
Position wheelchair as close as possible to the desired object
so that you can simply pick it up by stretching your arm
while sitting in the chair in a normal position. In any case, do
not lean backwards because you may cause the chair to tip
(figures 6 and 7).
1.2 Transferring to other seats
1.2.2. Front transfert (figure 9B)
1.2.1. Sideways transfert
If you are more or less able to stand up and if your upper
body is strong and mobile enough, you can transfer forward
to another seat.
As you may find this movement difficult, we recommend that
you obtain some assistance from an attendant or carer to
ensure the transfer is as smooth and safe as possible.
This may be done without assistance provided that you are
sufficiently mobile and have a strong enough torso.
- Move the wheelchair as close as possible to the seat
to which you would like to sit, with the castors pointed
forward. Lock the wheels by applying the brakes. Move the
weight of your body towards the seat (figure 8)
- While moving from the wheelchair to the seat, your body
will have little or no support. Where possible use a transfer
board during transfers.
- If you are more or less able to stand up and if your upper
body is sufficiently strong and mobile, you can transfer
forward to another seat. Fold the footplate up and push
the footrest/legrest to the side, bend your body forward
leaning on the two armrests and lift yourself up; then shift
your body towards the place where you want to sit while
distributing your weight to the arms and hands (figure 9A).
Lock both brakes and ensure both castor wheels are facing
the forward position.
Please note that the brakes should not be used in any case
as support for transfers. Then, grip firmly the armrest handle,
take care of your nails on the skirt-guard edges.
Push on your arms to easily lift yourself up and the attendant
can help you to finalise the transfer to the place where you
wish to sit.
Warning :
- Position yourself as close as possible to the place where
you wish to sit.
- When transferring, position yourself as far back as possible
in the seat to prevent breaking screws, damaging the seat
upholstery or causing the wheelchair to tip forward.
- Lock the two brakes ; they should not be used in any case
as support for transfers.
- Never stand on the footrests when you are getting in or
out of the wheelchair (figure 10).
1.3 Tilting (balancing on the rear wheels)
For greater safety, this operation must be performed by an
attendant. The attendant should be aware of the required
physical effort and use appropriate positioning in order to
relieve the strain on his/her back (keep a straight back and
bend your knees during this operation).
To tilt the wheelchair, the attendant must firmly grab the handles making sure both are properly fixed. Warn the occupant
in the wheelchair before tilting it and remind him / her to
lean backwards and make sure that both feet and hands of
the user are clear of the wheels. Place a foot on the footstep
tube and move continuously until the chair reaches the equilibrium point. At this stage, the assistant will feel a difference
in weight distribution, which usually occurs at approximately
30°. At this point, the wheelchair can get over the obstacle
easily. Finally, the attendant slowly and gradually lowers the
front down to the ground, while firmly holding the handles.
! Warning :
- Be aware of detachable parts such as armrests or legrests :
they must NEVER be used as lifting supports as they may be
inadvertedly released, resulting in possible injury to the user
and / or attendant.
- Do not lower the wheelchair suddenly, even if it is several
centimetres from the ground, as this may result in injury of
the user.
1.4 Tilting, Kerbs
To get on the pavement :
- Method 1 (figure 11)
The attendant positions the wheelchair in front of the
pavement facing forward. Attendant tilts the wheelchair
backwards until the castors reach the pavement; attendant
pushes the wheelchair forward until the rear wheels are
against the kerb and again pushes the wheelchair until the
rear wheels climb over the kerb.
- Method 2 (figure 12)
In this case, the attendant stays on the pavement and
moves the wheelchair in a backwards position with the rear
wheels against the kerb. The attendant tilts the wheelchair
backwards until it is balanced and pulls the wheelchair with a
steady movement until the rear wheels climb over the kerb ;
then he / she lowers the castors, while making sure that the
chair is far enough on the pavement so that the castors do
not fall into empty space.
To get off the pavement :
! Warning :
we recommend that users over 125 kg in weight do not use
this operation !
The attendant positions the wheelchair facing forward on
the pavement and tilts it backwards until it is balanced, then
he/she pushes the wheelchair forward until the rear wheels
touch the road after getting over the obstacle; then, he / she
gradually lowers the castors to the ground.
To climb stairways (figure 13) :
After tilting the wheelchair to the point of equilibrium, one
assistant (at the back) holds the wheelchair up against the
first step grasping the handles firmly to lift..
The second assistant, lifts the wheelchair above the stairs,
while holding firmly a fixed part of the frame, and holds it
while the first assistant takes a step and repeats the operation.
The wheelchair must not be lowered until the last step has
been passed and the chair is clear of the stairs.
To descend stairways :
1.5 Stairways
Same operation as above, however, in reverse order.
Because this is a difficult movement, we recommend using
two attendants, one in front of the wheelchair and one
behind the wheelchair.
! Warning :
- Do not attempt to lift the wheelchair by any removable
parts (such as armrests, legrests or footrests).
- Avoid using an escalator which may lead to serious injury in
the event of a fall.
1.6 Slopes
! Warning :
- Avoid turning suddenly and never try to climb and descend
a ramp diagonally (figure 17).
It is recommended to avoid using ramps with a slope higher
than 9°. The wheelchair risks tipping over in the event of
spinning or side movement (figure 14).
2. Operating instructions
Upward slopes (figure 15) :
2.1.1 Unfolding the wheelchair (figure 18) :
Lean the upper body forward and move the wheelchair
forward with short quick pushes on the hand rims to maintain speed and direction control. If you want to rest, apply
both brakes when stopping.
- With one hand, grab the armrest or the seat support
tube on one side of the wheelchair and slightly tilt it towards you (so that the rear wheel and castor lift from the
ground) ;
- With the other hand, push on the seat upholstery until
the tube supporting the upholstery is fully unfolded. The
seat upholstery must be fully extended ;
- Then, engage the two manual brakes, open the footrest/
legrest and check the ground clearance (footrest/ground
distance - see § B-2.1.4). You can now sit down in the
2.1 Unfolding and Folding the wheelchair
Downward slopes (figure 16) :
Lean backward cautiosly and let the hand rims slide in your
hands. Be ready to react at any moment to control speed
and direction.
2.1.2 Folding the chair (figures 19 and 20) :
2.2 Wheelchair propulsion
- Fold and lock the footrest/legrest toward the front of the
- Swivel the plates into the vertical position. Using both
hands, take the centre front and back edges of the seat
upholstery and lift it. Or, tilt the wheelchair to one side
and close it using the handles on the backrest.
Wheelchair propulsion is provided by the handrims mounted on the wheels. The handrims can be adjusted based
upon your height to allow you to hold them properly, and
various accessories can be added to improve the grip (antislip plastic coated, capstan spigot kit, etc.)
Qualified medical and paramedical staff will be able to
provide you with advice regarding the propulsion which is
best adapted to your disability.
Warning :
- Fold the wheelchair while keeping the seat upholstery
upwards to avoid damage by the folding system.
3. Safety inspection and maintenance
3.2. General inspection
3.1 Performance control
Your distributor, who has the required technical expertise, is responsible for any wheelchair repairs.
We recommend that you take the wheelchair to
your retailer at least once a year for a complete
inspection. Regular maintenance allows the identification and replacement of defective and worn parts,
which improves the daily operation of your wheelchair.
As the user, you will be the first to notice the possible
operational defects of your wheelchair. The following table
indicates the easiest troubleshooting symptoms to identify
and the preliminary inspection that you can perform.
In the event that the symptoms persist after adjusting the
pressure in the tyres and tightening screws and nuts, please
consult your retailer.
The inner tubes of the wheels are the only components that
you can repair yourself (see § B-2.3).
to the right
to the left
turns or
moves slowly
Play in
Make sure that pressure
in the pneumatic tyre
is correct
(cf. § B-2.3)
Make sure that the bolts
are tight
Check the adjustment
on the fork angle
Make sure that the 2
castors come in contact
with the ground at the
same time
Regular inspections to be performed by you or your
assistants :
a. General
Make sure that the wheelchair folds and unfolds easily.
Make sure that the wheelchair moves in a straight line. (no
resistance or deviation)
b. Manual brakes
Make sure that the manual brakes do not touch the moving
Make sure that the manual brakes operate easily.
Make sure that the joints are not worn and do not have
excessive play.
c. Folding system
Check the folding system for worn or distorted parts.
d. Skirtguard/armrest upholstery
Make sure that all the fittings are properly tightened.
e. Armrests
Make sure that the armrests are firmly attached, but easy to
f. Armpad
Make sure that the armpads are in good condition.
g. Seat and backrest upholstery
Make sure that the upholstery is in good condition.
h. Rear wheels
Make sure that the wheel nuts and precision bearings are
Make sure that the wheels are parallel to the frame.
i. Handrims
Check for rough patches.
j. Spokes
Make sure that the spokes are not distorted, loose or broken.
k. Castors
Make sure that the axle is tight by turning the wheel the
wheel must gradually come to a stop.
l. Fork/steering tube
Make sure that all the fittings are well tightened.
m. Pneumatic and solid tyres
Check the pressure of the pneumatic tyres (value indicated
on the side) check the wear of the solid tyre tread.
n. Maintenance
Do not use any product to clean parts except for the
upholstery which can be washed with soap and water only.
Make sure you dry the wheelchair if it is wet (e.g. after
washing it or going out in the rain).
Avoid riding on wet areas as well as gravel, grass, etc.
! sand and sea water particularly damage ball bearings.
When using the wheelchair inside, we recommend using
solid tyre castors, especially when riding on carpet.
Do not expose the wheelchair to a temperature higher than
40°C (e.g. in a vehicle).
4. Transportation
Transport of wheelchairs in vehicles
The Invacare® Action4 has been tested for safety in collisions
according to ISO-7176-19, Invacare® Action4 can be used for
transport in vehicles that have been specially adapted for this
purpose. The wheelchair must be securely fastened in the
vehicle according to the methods described on the following
Remember that the best solution is always to move
the user from the wheelchair into a normal car seat.
4.1 Test report from dynamic safety restraint test
Test no : P501858A (fixed backrest) & P501858B (Folding
backrest), Customer : Invacare Rea AB, Date : 2005-04-05
Testing to be carried out
Pulse specification : ISO-7176-19
Wheelchair Manufacturer :
Invacare France Opérations SAS
Model : Action4
Weight : 15.5 kg (fixed) 16 kg (folding)
Configuration : Forward facing
Safety restraint device Manufacturer :
Unwin Safety Systems
Model : 4 Pt WWR/ATF/K/R
Attachment device : Unwin Low Profile Rail
User safety belt : Manufacturer: Unwin Safety Systems
Model : 3 Pt WWR/HD/ATF/K/R
Test dummy : Hybrid III
Weight : 76.5 kg
Test configuration
Chassis : Height 46 cm
Backrest : Fixed/folding
Seat : sling type
Armrest : Height adjustable
Legrest : Swing in/swing out
Rear wheel : 24" pneumatic
Castor : 8" x 1/4" solid
Accessories : Heel strap
Tested : 2005-04-05
The safety restraint devices used in this test must be approved
according to ISO-10542. We have chosen to work with Unwin,
a well-known quality manufacturer of safety restraint devices
for wheelchairs.
4.2 Observations before transport of wheelchairs in
• We recommend that wheelchair users should transfer to the
seat of the vehicle and use the installed restraint system of the
vehicle whenever feasible.
• The wheelchairs are tested in a basic configuration. The
use in other configurations has not been tested. See user
manual, section «Test report from dynamic safety restraint
test», for test configuration.
• Auxiliary wheelchair equipment is either secured to the
wheelchair or removed from the wheelchair and secured in
the vehicle during transit. (i.e. table trays).
• Alterations or substitutions are not to be made to points
of the wheelchair or to structural and frame parts without
the written consent of Invacare®.
• A wheelchair-anchored posture belt must be fitted across
the wheelchair occupant in addition to the lap and diagonal
and restraint (3-point belt).
• Belt restraints are not to be held away from the body by
wheelchair components or parts such as armrests, postural
restraints, wheels, etc. (Picture 22)
• The wheelchair must be securely fastened in the vehicle
with an ISO 10542-2 approved 4-point belt system, according to the methods described in the manual.
• The occupied wheelchair must be tied down in an
forward-facing configuration, with the parking brake applied.
• The test dummy weight is 75 kg, according to ISO 7176-19,
although the chairs are approved for users up to 125 kg or
150 kg.
• The wheelchair backrest should be positioned as close as
possible to 90 degrees.
• If possible, a headrest should be used during transit, in
order to reduce the risk of neck unjury.
The headrest should be placed as high as possible.
Please observe that even if these products and
recommendations are provided in order to increase
security and safety.
Correct and Incorrect placements of belt (picture 21)
4.3 Restraint methods (picture 22)
* Non contractual picture, only for information !
Please refer to best practice recommended instructions from
the safety belt manufacturer.
A. Frontal restraints with straps
1. Connect the frontal straps around the frontal part of the
2. Release brakes and tension front straps by pulling the
wheelchair backwards from the rear.
3. Re-apply wheelchair brakes.
B. Rear restraints
1. Attach the snap hooks on the rear straps to the frame just
above the rear wheel attachments.
2. Tighten the straps.
C. Pelvic belt
1. The pelvic belt is mounted on the back frame
(picture 23).
2. Check that the pelvic belt on the wheelchair is correctly
If pelvic belt on the wheelchair is missing we recommend that
the user should transfer to the seat of the vehicle, if possible.
D. Fastening of safety belt
The safety belt should not be kept from the user’s body by
the parts of the wheel chair.
5. Summary of warranty terms
5.1 Standard Invacare terms and conditions
This is to certify that your manual wheelchair is warranted by
Invacare for a period of 2 years for the frame and crossbars,
all others parts one year, subject to the following conditions :
- Only wheelchairs purchased at the displayed price recommended by Invacare are covered by the Invacare warranty.
- If a defect or fault is discovered the supplier / dealer from
whom the appliance was purchased should be notified immediately.
- The manufacturer will not accept responsibility for damage
caused by misuse or non-observance of the instructions set
out in the user manual.
- During the period of warranty, any parts that have become
defective due to faulty workmanship or materials, will be
renewed or repaired without charge by the Invacare dealer/
- The warranty will be forfeited should any unauthorised
alteration be made to the equipment.
- The Purchaser’s statutory rights under the Consumer
Protection Act are not affected.
5.2 Limitation of liability
This warranty does not extend to the consequential costs
resulting from fault clearance, in particular freight and travel
costs, loss of earnings, expenses, etc.
Invacare shall not be liable for :
- Natural wear and tear.
- Inappropriate or incorrect use.
- Defective assembly or setting-up by the purchaser or third
- Defective or neglectful treatment use of unsuitable spares.
6. Summary of operating instructions for
optimal safety
- Maximum user’s recommended weight : 125 kg or 150 kg.
- Do not attempt to reach objects if you have to move
forward in the seat.
- Do not attempt to pick up objects from the floor by reaching down between your knees.
- Do not lean over the top of the upholstery back to reach
objects located behind you : this may cause you to tip over
- Always engage both manual brakes simultaneously.
- Manual brakes are parking brakes : they must not be used in
any case to slow down the wheelchair or as support during
- Do not tilt the wheelchair (down kerbs or steps) without
using an assistant.
- Do not carry in the stairways or escalator, user sited in the
wheelchair whith only one attendant; this may cause serious
- Do not use the wheelchair unless it has the proper tyre
pressure as indicated on the side wall of the tyre.
- Do not overinflate the tyres : this may cause the tyres to
explode and cause bodily harm.
- Do not expose the wheelchair to a temperature higher than
- To avoid injury, keep your fingers away from mobile parts
(armrests, folding system, legrests/footrests), and maintain
good posture before lifting the wheelchair.
1.2 General description (see photo)
1.1 Introduction
Your wheelchair has been factory set before you purchased
it. However, it must be specifically adapted to your needs.
The following detailed paragraphs describe the various
functions and possible adjustments as well as available
options. You can make some adjustments yourself, while
others can be made only by your dealer.
Important: based upon the selected model or options, your
new Action4 wheelchair may be equipped with all of the
components or options which are described in the
following pages.
Your wheelchair is made of various parts and this manual
describes only the main parts. We recommend that you
become acquainted with the following terms in order to
better understand your wheelchair operation :
The seat consists of the seat and backrest upholstery,
the backrest and armrests. This unit is designed to provide
optimal comfort.
The swing-away footrest support or legrest : this
is the supporting part between the frame and the footrest
which swivels to facilitate transfers and can be removed
during transport.
The footrest consists of an adjustable tube and the
footplate which supports the foot.
The folding frame consists of side frames and a folding
system including the seat rails. These parts constitute the
frame, which is the supporting component of the wheelchair
and its strength is well tested (checked at 125 kg and 150 kg
for 50,5 - 55,5 & 60,5 cm seat width ).
! This is a warning symbol ; you must
imperatively follow the instructions that
are provided in these paragraphs to
prevent personal injuries as well as
injuries to people around you !
The steering tube is the connection between frame and
castors ; it allows the adjustment of the seat angle.
The rear wheel consists of the wheel, axle and handrim.
The rear wheels ensure the rear stability and allow the propulsion of the wheelchair using the handrims.
They are mounted on the multiple adjustment wheel support
2. Adjustments
The castor consists of the front wheel and the fork. The
castors provide front contact with the ground and determine
the steering by the direction of the forks.
2.1.1 Seat upholstery
The manual brake is a parking brake. The two manual
brakes are used to secure the wheelchair when stationary.
• Nylon upholstery seat with or without Velcro fastener : the
Velcro fasteners are required for the proper positioning of
the cushion (photo 1) ; please make sure that the cushion is
properly positioned on the seat.
Backrest upholstery
Rear wheel
Rear wheel
Swing away
Rear wheel axle
footrest tube
2.1 Seat
- Standard seats
• Padded seat : it provides comfortable support to the user.
 Standard seats are not adjustable; in the event that they
become slack, it is recommended to request your dealer to
replace them.
! Always use upholstery equipped with Velcro fasteners
when you have a cushion in order to prevent sliding.
 Invacare provides a wide range of seat cushions adapted
to your needs. Please contact your dealer.
Steering tube
Front wheel
Swing away
2.1.2 Type of backrests
- Reclining backrest 0° - 30° - 39/41/43 or 47/49/51 cm
backrest height.
- Standard fixed backrests :
This backrest do not require adjustments, they can be equipped with padded backrest or tension-adjustable backrest.
Angle can be adjusted very easily which provides a comfortable
rest position :
- Height adjustable fixed backrest: (photo 2)
Fold the chair slightly to facilitated the operation, loosen
screws (A) with an Allen key (5 mm). Adjust to the desired
height and firmly tighten the two screws (A).
Simultaneously pull the levers (A) to provides the same angle
on both sides, release the levers when you reach the desired
angle.(Photo 4)
- Folding backrest (photo 3)
45 cm backrest height.
There are 4 angles position by step of 10°.
• To save space during transport, operate lever (B) by pulling
or pushing it and fold the top of the backrest.
To return to the initial position, bring the top in the vertical
position; it locks automatically.
Mechanical version
Note : Push on the backrest canes before operating the
levers, this is to release the auto-locked security system.
(Photo 5).
Always make sure that the backrest is properly locked
in place before the user settles down in the wheelchair to
prevent any injuries !
Gas strut version (0° to 30° continuously (Photo 6).
2.1.3 Backrest upholstery
Pneumatic jacks provides help to raised the user by the attendant,
always operated with the user sited in the wheelchair.
It is recommended that this operation be performed
only by the attendant. Always make sure that the backrest is
locked in place to ensure perfect safety for the user.
Keep away fingers from moving parts (levers, cylinders,
mechanisms, etc.) to prevent injuries !
Avoid operating levers (A) (photo 6A) during a sideways
transfer, for example, in order to prevent destabilising the
user’s position ! To ensure safety for the user, when backrest
is reclined, we recommend to use anti-tippers (available as an
- Standard upholstery backrests
 In the event that the upholstered backrest slackens, ask for
a replacement from your Dealer.
• Tension adjustable backrest (photo 7) it allows adjustment of
the backrest curvature based upon user’s body posture.
Lift the flap (A) and pull the straps (B) in order to stretch or
slacken them. Each strap can be adjusted separately.
Reposition the flap (A).
Check the quality and positioning of the Velcro fasteners.
Always make this adjustment before the user settles down in
the wheelchair to prevent injuries !
 Maintenance of reclining backrest mechanism varies with
use. Please contact your Dealer.
Based upon the development of your disability, you can choose
an Action backrest that meets your needs. Please consult with
your Dealer.
2.1.4 Hangers (Footrest supports) and footplates
- Standard footrest supports (photo 8) they swing away during
transfers and can be removed during transport.
Operate lever (A) by pushing sideways and swivelling towards
outside or inside in case there is not enough space. To return
to the initial position, align the footrest support it locks automatically.
To remove the footrest support, simply pull up after
unlocking the assembly. Reverse the procedure to reassemble,
while still in the unlocked position.
- Legrest (photo 9 & 10) performs the same operation as for
the footrest support to swing away or remove the legrest, by
operating lever (A) which unlocks the locking system.
To adjust the angle, support the leg with one hand while
loosening the locking knob (B) with the other hand. Lift or
lower the legrest in the desired position and firmly tighten
the knob (B).
The calfpad swings away during transfers and is height
adjustable by sliding. After loosening the screw (C), adjust
to the desired height and firmly tighten the screw (C). In
addition, it is depth adjustable loosen the screw (D), bring to
new position and firmly tighten the screw (D).
- Footrests (photo 11 & 12) : the footplate can be lifted
during transfers footrests are height adjustable and can be
equipped with a fixed or articulated footplate (optional).
Loosen the screw (A) to adjust to the desired height, firmly
tighten the screw after adjustment.
The footplate can be articulated by indexed plate (optional)
loosen the screw (B), adjust to the desired angle and tighten
- Straps : to ensure a good position of the feet, two types of
straps can be provided; the heelrest strap (plain or adjustable
by Velcro fasteners) and the calfpad strap attached to the
footrest support are both adjustable by Velcro fasteners.
Note : the standard footrest supports and legrests are
mounted in pairs on the wheelchair; whenever you remove
them, remember that you have a right side and a left side !
2.1.5 Armrests
- Removable simple n°1 (photo 13) : to remove armrests,
simply pull them up. Previously, press on the push pin (D) located at the bottom of the armrest vertical upright. Reverse
the procedure to reinstall them. To adjust their height (3
positions), remove the screw (A), adjust to the desired height
and reposition the screw (A), tighten without forcing.
The armrests with central fixation (n°1& n°4) from now on
are equipped with a support adjustable (in 2 parts) which
enables you to reduce the plays and to facilitate the vertical
tube extraction, it is necessary to tighten or loosen the 4
screws (B) according to the anticipated result (photo 14).
! Never lift the wheelchair by the footrest supports or
legrests !
Keep your fingers away from movable parts during folding,
disassembling or adjustment to prevent injuries !
- Swing-away, removable n°2 (photo 16 and 17)
This range of armrests can be swung away to facilitate
transfers and disassembling during transport.
To swing the armrest away, push down the dog point (A),
reverse the procedure to reinsert making sure that the dog
point (B) is properly engaged in its housing.
To remove the armrest, swing it back completely and pull it up.
Reverse the procedure to reinstall.
The new design includes handle (C) and hollowed skirt-guard
(D) to facilitate front transfer.
Grip firmly the armrest handle, take care of your nails on the
skirt-guard edges.
Push on your arms to easily lift yourself up and the attendant
can help you to finalise the transfer to the place where you
wish to sit.
In the event the armrest handle covers (C) become slippery, it
is recommended to request your dealer to replace them.
• Adjustable monobloc n°5 (photo 18 and 19) : To swing the
armrest away, activate the grey trigger (A). To automatically
reinsert it swing it down and make sure that the guide (B) is
properly engaged in its housing.
To adjust the armpad in height and depth, slightly loosen the
ball screw (C), adjust for the desired height based upon the
preset holes and firmly tighten the screw ; slightly loosen the
two screws (D) and slide the armrest down for the desired
depth, firmly tighten the two screws (D).
Note : the armrests are mounted in pairs on the wheelchair;
whenever you remove them, remember that you have a right
and a left side !
Never lift the wheelchair by the armrests !
Keep your fingers away from movable parts during folding,
disassembling or adjustment to prevent injuries !
refer to paragraph 1.2.2. Front transfert for safety instructions.
2.2 Frame
2.2.1 Sides
The sides or side frames are designed to accommodate the
steering tubes for the castors and multiple adjustment wheel
mounting for rear wheels.
These wheel mountings allow five height positions and two
longitudinal positions (advanced for better handling or backward for better stability.
2.2.2 Double folding system
It consists of two double cross-bars which integrate the seat
To fold and unfold your wheelchair, see chapter A “ General ”
paragraph 2.1.
2.2.3 Steering tubes
2.3 Rear wheels
2.3.1 Wheels
The 24" (610 mm) and 22" (550 mm) wheels are only spoked
wheels. They can be delivered with pneumatic or solid tyre.
A flat tyre (photo 20) must be removed in order to be
repaired. Remove the rim assembly (tyre and inner tube),
repair or replace the inner tube, reinsert in the tyre and
reposition the assembly on the rim.
Comply with the inflation pressure specified on the sidewall
of the tyre.
Note : remember that in order to maintain the interchangeability of the chair wheels equipped with quick-release axles,
the pressure in the two tyres should be the same.
They provide seat dump (0°, 3° or 6°) based upon user’s
capacity, propulsion, desired floor-to-seat height and selected
front and rear wheels.
 All these adjustments and changes of position must be performed by a professional technician upon agreement by your
prescribing physician. Please consult with your dealer.
2.3.3 Axles
Never exceed the pressure specified on the sidewalls of
the tyre, otherwise, the tyre may explode and cause injuries !
 Pneumatic tyres wear out. In addition, the roughness of the
ground surface and driving have an impact on their longevity.
Replace them regularly to avoid trouble caused by puncture.
Please consult with your Dealer.
2.3.2 Handrims
They provide the wheelchair propulsion. They can be made of
anodized aluminium or coated with nonslip plastic (optional).
Handrims are constantly in contact with your hands.
Make sure that they are not damaged !
The axles connect the wheels and frame (photo 21).
Fixed and quick-release axles are available
- Fixed axles: regularly check the axle tightening.
- Quick-release axles (photo 22) : depress the button (A) and
insert the axle in the wheel hub.
Position the assembly in the bearing (B) of the multiple
adjustable wheel mounting until it locks in place. The locking
balls (C) must rise above the bearing. No significant side
clearance is allowed.
To reduce clearance as much as possible, remove the axle
and adjust the nut using a 19 mm key ; then block the axle
with an 11mm open-end key.
! Make sure that the axle and the locking balls are clean.
To prevent falls, it is essential that the button (A) and the
locking balls (C) are disengaged providing a perfect lock of
the rear wheels.
The quick release axle is a precision part, take care of shocks
and clean regularly to ensure the good working of the mechanism.
2.4 Castors
wheelchair during long stops. They are not intended to slow
down the wheelchair or to be used as support during a
2.4.1 Wheels
The front wheels are available in 8" (200mm) diameter and in
two widths, 1 3/8" (32 mm) and 2" (50mm), or in 6" (150mm)
diameter and a single width of 1 3/8" (32mm). They can be
delivered with pneumatic or solid tyre.
A 5" (100 mm) diameter soft roll (medium hard) is available.
Note : refer to paragraph 2.3.1. for regular maintenance.
2.4.2 Forks
Different fork positions are available based upon the selection
of floor-to-seat height, castors and rear wheels.
 Please take advice from your dealer, if you want to replace
or remove the castors or rear wheels.
2.5 Brakes
2.5.1 Manual brakes
The manual brakes (photo 23) are designed to secure the
They must be operated simultaneously.
In order to brake, push the handle (A) forward. The handle
folds back to facilitate transfers. Draw as a preliminary the
handle upwards ! Once the brakes are engaged, the wheelchair
should not move at all.
Note : brakes adjustments are based upon the diameter and
type of the wheels.
After repairing a flat tyre or in the event of wear of the pneumatic or solid tyre, you may need to adjust the brake(s).
To adjust the brake(s), loosen the two screws (B) and slide
the brake assembly to obtain the following value between the
wheel and the brake shoe in unlocked position :
Solid tyre X = 6 mm, Pneumatic tyre X = 5 mm
! Firmly tighten the screws (B) after adjustment.
Keep your fingers away from movable parts to prevent injuries !
2.5.2 Hub brakes
2.6. Options
Besides the functions provided by manual brakes, the hub
brakes provide the slow down (for example, on a slope) and
improved safety because they are still efficient when you have
a flat tyre !
Two versions are available: (photos 24 and 25) attendant
control and dual control (attendant and user).
2.6.1 Seating options
To slow down, gradually pull the lever (A) upwards.
To lock the brake in parking position, with the lever (A)
tightened, push the lock (B) to engage it in the notches of the
brake handle ; then pull the lock up to unlock.
To adjust braking : turn the screw (C) counterclockwise to
increase braking force and turn clockwise to reduce it.
 The specific adjustments of hub brakes must always be
performed by your Dealer.
Always operate the two brakes simultaneously and do
not take slopes exceeding 5% to ensure perfect control of the
wheelchair steering !
- Back brace (photo 26) : it provides tension to the backrest
upholstery and provides the attendant better ergonomics
when pushing the wheelchair.
Note : it swings away to facilitate the wheelchair folding;
slightly loosen the button (A), pull up and swivel along the
backrest until it is in vertical position.
To reposition it, reverse the procedure and firmly tighten the
button (A) making sure that the button is properly tighten
- Swing away back brace (photo 27) : Press the push pin
(C ) and fold down the back brace. Reverse the procedure to
reinstall. Note that the push pin (C ) should be locked in its
2.6.3 Safety options
Do not lift the chair by handling the back brace. There
is a risk to unlocked the back brace by push it up. Keep your
fingers away from movable parts to prevent injuries.
2.6.2 Propulsion options
- Transit version (photo 28) : the wheelchair is designed to
be driven only by the attendant. To facilitate sideways transfers and save space, the wheelchair is equipped with rear
wheels of 12" (315 mm) with pneumatic or solid tyre.
The manual brakes (optional hub brake) are only accessible
to the attendant; operate the handle (A) to lock the wheelchair in parking position.
Note : for further information about the use of the two
types of brakes, see paragraphs 2.5.1 & 2.5.2.
- Pelvic belt
• Velcro fastener (photo 29) : position the two Velcro strips
one over the other based upon the user’s build.
• Buckle fastener (photo 30) : to close the buckle, engage
part (A) into part (B), to open press (C).
Straps should be adjusted to suit user, insert into part (B) of
the buckle and adjust the loop (D) based on the remaining
! The belt fixing should be conform to the scheme
enclosed with each belt delivery; the belt should be mounted
and ajusted by your regular dealer.
Make sure that the belts do not get caught in the spokes of
the rear wheel.
The pelvic belt must not be used as safety belt in a car.
- Anti-tippers with tipping lever (photo 31) : prevent back
tipping which ensures safety when using a reclining backrest,
driving on slopes or crossing obstacles.
It is height adjustable and also act as tipping lever (see paragraph Tipping lever)
Anti-tippers can remain in place when the wheelchair is not
used; perform a half-turn by activating the button (A schema
32) to its indexing.
The recommended distance between anti-tippers small
wheels and floor is 3 to 5 centimetres ; this adjustment is
required with reference to the position and diameter of the
rear wheel.
Push down the button (A schema 32) and adjust the wheels
holding tube for the desired distance based upon the preset
- Tipping lever (photo 33) : it allows the attendant to easily
tip the wheelchair when crossing an obstacle (pavement, step,
etc.) ; push down the lever with your foot (right or left) and
maintain balance using the push handles.
The tipping lever is mounted the same as the anti-tippers, in
the same tube.
2.6.4. Transparent tray (photo 34) : it is positioned on the
armpads of the armrests (full length ones only). Slide the tray
forward or backward based upon the user’s build.
! Do not place very heavy and instable objects, containers
with very hot and corrosive liquids on the tray, which may
cause serious injury if they fall.
Make sure that the dog points come out of their positioning hole in order to prevent any falls.
3 cm mini
3. Specifications and tool
3.2.Tools for adjustments and regular maintenance
(not supplied)
3.1. Standard wheelchair specifications
Maximum user weight :
125 kg (150 kg)
Seat width :
38/40.5/43/45,5/48 cm
(50,5/55,5/60,5 cm)
Seat depth :
40/45 cm
Floor/seat height :
51/48.5/46/43.5/41/38,5 cm
Rear wheel :
24" (610 mm) pneumatic tyre
Castors :
8" (200 mm) solid tyre
Parking brake :
Manual brake
with indexed brake shoe
Backrest :
Fixed, folding and reclining
Armrests :
Removable, removable and
Footrest supports & Legrests :
Removable and swing-away
Seat upholstery :
Black nylon on reinforced
Frame :
Aluminium, epoxy coated
Wheelchair average weight :
15 kg
Footrest tube
Adjustable armrests n°5
Simple armrests n°1
5 mm Allen key
5 mm Allen key
5 mm Allen key
5 mm Allen key
4 mm Allen key
10 mm open-end wrench
T20 Torx key
13 mm open-end Wrench(X 2)
19/27 mm open-end wrench
11/19 mm open-end wrench
Quick-release axle
After sale and disposal recommendations
• It is compulsary to use original Invacare spare parts which
you can buy through any Invacare dealer.
• For repair, please contact your local Invacare dealer.
• Disposal : the metal parts can be disposed of for scrap
metal through recycling. Plastic parts are disposed of as
plastic scrap metal. Plastic parts are disposed of as plastic
scrap. Disposal must be carried out in accordance with the
respective national regulation. Please apply to your municipal
authorities/local government for details about local disposal
3.3. Dimensions
Seat effective
width (mm)
width (mm)
front wheel and
rear wheel
( 0° )
( 0° )
footrest and
seat (mm)
armrest and
NF EN 1021-1
Height from
ground to
back seat
Height from
ground to
front seat
height when
backrest is
folded (mm)
Width of
NF EN 1021-2
Invacare France Operations SAS
Route de Saint Roch
Yes, you can.
Invacare n.v.
Autobaan 22 8210 Loppem (Brugge) Belgium ( +32 (50) 831010 Fax +32 (50) 831011
Invacare A/S
Sdr. Ringvej 39 2605 Brøndby Danmark ((kundeservice) +45 - (0) 3690 0000 Fax (kundeservice) +45 - (0) 3690 0001
Invacare Deutschland GmbH
Kleislstraße 49 32457 Porta Westfalica Deutschland
((Technische Hotline) 01 80 - 5 26 22 64 Fax (Technische Hotline) 01 80-5 26 22 75
Invacare SA
c/Areny s/n Poligon Industrial de Celrà 17460 Celrà (Girona) España ( +34 - (0) 972 - 49 32 00 Fax +34 - (0) 972 - 49 32 20
Invacare Poirier SAS
Route de St Roch F-37230 Fondettes France ( +33 - (0) 2 47 62 64 66 Fax +33 - (0) 2 47 42 12 24
Invacare Mecc San s.r.l.
Via dei Pini, 62 I-36016 Thiene (VI) Italia ( +39 - (0) 445-380059 Fax +39 - (0) 445-380034
Invacare AS
Grensesvingen 9 0603 Oslo Norge ((kundeservice) +47 - 22 57 95 10 Fax (kundeservice) +47 - 22 57 95 01
Invacare PORTUGAL Lda
Rua Senhora de Campanhã 105 4369-001 Porto Portugal
( +351-225105946 Fax +351-225105739
Invacare AB
Fagerstagatan 9 163 91 Spånga Sverige ((kundtjänst) +46 - (0) 8 761 70 90 Fax (kundtjänst) +46 - (0) 8 761 81 08
Invacare B.V.
Celsiusstraat 46 NL-6716 BZ Ede The Nederland ( +31 - (0) 318 - 69 57 57 Fax +31 - (0) 318 - 69 57 58
AC4-G-01 UK V2
Invacare Ltd
South Road Bridgend Mid Glamorgan CF31 3PY United Kingdom
( (Customer Service) +44 - (0) 1656 - 647 327 Fax (Customer Service) +44 - (0) 1656 - 649 016
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF