Verdi LaScala Manual

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dCS Verdi La Scala

Upsampling SACD Transport

User Manual

Software Release 1.0x

September 2004

© dCS Ltd. 2001 - 2004 Price UK £17.50 / Euro 25.00

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form, or by any means

(electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without the prior written permission of dCS

1

. Any person who does any unauthorised act in relation to this publication may be liable to criminal prosecution and civil claims for damages.

Information contained in this manual is subject to change without notice, and whilst it is checked for accuracy, no liabilities can be accepted for errors.

1

dCS is Data Conversion Systems Ltd. Company registered in England No. 2072115.

dCS La Scala User Manual Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

dCS Ltd September 2004

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dCS La Scala User Manual Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

dCS Ltd September 2004

P

RODUCT

O

VERVIEW

The dCS Verdi La Scala Upsampling SACD Transport is a logical development of the critically acclaimed dCS Verdi.

La Scala plays SACD or Hybrid discs and outputs the DSD data onto an IEEE

1394 bus, ready for conversion to wide-band, high quality audio by a dCS Elgar

Plus or a 1394-equipped dCS Delius

2

.

La Scala also plays standard CDs and the CD layer of Hybrid discs, upsampling the data to DSD internally, without the need for a separate upsampler. This is ideal for audiophiles who do not use other digital audio sources, as the equipment set-up is much simpler.

DSD (Direct Stream Digital) is single bit data, sampled at 2.822MS/s. This data format increases the available audio band-width to well over 100kHz, well in excess of the 20kHz available from a standard CD system. The extra bandwidth sharpens the transient response and improves the phase response, resulting in a more natural sound and more precise stereo imaging.

CD data at 16 bits / 44.1kS/s is always available from the AES interface (XLR connector), three SPDIF interfaces (RCA, BNC and Toslink optical and an

SDIF-2 interface. When playing and SACD, the data is down-sampled to provide these outputs.

La Scala features a Wordclock Input, allowing the transport to be synchronised to a Master Clock or a dCS DAC running in master mode. This arrangement reduces system jitter – a major source of sound degradation in digital audio systems.

In common with all dCS converters, La Scala is based on our flexible digital audio platform which makes extensive use of software configurable chips –

FPGA’s and DSP’s. This allows the internal software to be updated from time to time, either from a dCS CD or from a PC, adding extra features and facilities to your system with a minimum of fuss.

Laser Radiation Hazard

dCS Verdi La Scala is a Class 1 Laser Product, it complies with U.S. FDA 21CFR subchapter J. The U.S. FDA Accession number is 0211117. In normal use, there is no risk of exposure to laser radiation.

IMPORTANT!

The metal top cover must only be removed by authorised service personnel.

The cover protects the user from indirect exposure to visible and invisible laser radiation, as well as risk of electric shock.

2

To comply with the licence arrangements for SACD, this data is encrypted in the Verdi La Scala and is decrypted in the receiving unit.

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dCS La Scala User Manual Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

dCS Ltd September 2004

G

IUSEPPE

V

ERDI

(1813 –1901)

The dCS Verdi is named after Giuseppe Verdi, the 19 th

century Italian composer.

He was born in the village of Roncole in the province of Parma on October 10 th

,

1813 . From an early age he showed a strong interest in music and commenced his formal musical studies at the age of 7, tutored by the organist in his village church.

When he was 10, Verdi moved to the nearby town of Busseto, where he attended the music school run by Ferdinando Provesi. In Busseto he made the acquaintance of Antonio Barezzi, a local merchant and passionate music lover.

Barezzi provided Verdi with financial assistance during the remainder of his musical studies and many years later in 1836, Verdi married Barezzi’s daughter,

Margherita.

In 1832 he applied to study at the prestigious Milan Conservatory, but was turned down. Instead, he studied in Milan under the private tuition of Vincenzo

Lavingna, a composer and former harpsichordist at the La Scala theatre. During his stay in Milan, Verdi spent a great deal of time attending the theatre and this almost certainly accounts for his work being heavily biased towards opera.

On Provesi’s death in 1833, Verdi returned to Busseto with the aim of taking over his position as head of the town’s music school. However, this was delayed until 1836 by political squabbling between the clergy and his supporters in the local Philharmonia.

In 1838, Verdi moved to Milan where the following year he presented his first opera, Oberto, conte di San Bonifacio at the La Scala theatre, where it was received to moderate acclaim.

1840 must have been the worst year of his life. First his two children and then his wife died in quick succession. His misery was further compounded when his second opera, Un Giorno di Regno, closed after only one performance. At this point Verdi seriously considered giving up composing altogether. At the insistence of Bartolomeo Merelli, the impresario of the La Scala theatre, Verdi read a libretto written by Solera. The biblical themes deeply moved him and motivated him to write his second opera, Nabucco, which was hailed as a triumph when it was performed for the first time at La Scala in 1842. Nabucco firmly established Verdi as one of the leading Italian composers of the day.

Verdi then commenced a period of prodigious creativity. Between 1843 and

1858 he wrote a total of 20 operas. Of these, 3 are especially of note and are still regularly performed: Rigoletto - written in 1851, Il trovatore and La

traviata - both written in 1853.

In 1859 he married his second wife, the soprano Giuseppina Strepponi, whom he had known since 1842 when she sang the female lead in Nabucco at La

Scala.

Verdi’s works often contained strong political themes. This interest in politics was carried over to his private life and, in 1861, he was elected as a deputy to the first Italian parliament.

His success had made him a wealthy as well as famous man. He used his considerable fortune to progressively increase the size of his farm holdings in

Parma. By 1900, these had become the largest revenue producer in the province.

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dCS La Scala User Manual Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

dCS Ltd September 2004

He continued to compose, albeit at a slower pace. In 1873 he wrote his

Requiem Mass, which was dedicated to the memory of the poet Alessandro

Manzoni, though its origins go back to a work he first composed as a homage to

Rossini.

The most notable operas of his latter years are: Aida – written in 1871, Otello

- written in 1887 and Falstaff - written in 1893. The last two were based on plays by Shakespeare and are widely regarded as masterpieces. His last major work, the Four Sacred Pieces (Ave Maria, Stabat Mater, Te Deum and Laudi

alla Vergine), was written in 1898, a year after the death of his second wife

Giuseppina.

Giuseppe Verdi died on January 27 th

1901. In accordance with his wishes, he was given a simple funeral, without singing or music. The following month, he was entombed in a state ceremony with his second wife, at the rest home for musicians that he had helped to set up many years before, to care for singers and instrumentalists who had fallen on hard times in their old age. The procession was accompanied by members of Verdi’s family, members of the

Italian Royal family, members of Parliament, foreign diplomats and leading composers including Puccini, Mascagni and Leoncavello. Arturo Toscanini lead tens of thousands of mourners with the choruses of La Scala, in the singing of

Va, pensiero from Nabucco.

Recommended recordings x

Requiem

Philadelphia Orchestra conducted by Eugene Ormandy.

Sony SACD SS00707

Rigoletto

English National Opera

CHAN 3030

Otello

English National Opera conducted by Mark Elder

CHAN 3068(2)

Otello

Chicago Symphony Orchestra conducted by Sir George Solti

London 422 670-2

Il Trovatore

Berliner Philharmoniker conducted by Herbert von Karajan

EMI CMS7 69311/2

La Traviata

e Coro del Maggio Musicale, Florence conducted by Zubin Meta

Philips 438 238-2

Macbeth

Choir and Orchestra of the German Opera Berlin conducted by Giuseppe

Sinopoli

Philips 412 133-2

Four Sacred Pieces and Requiem

Monteverdi Choir and Orchestre Revolutionnaire et Romantique conducted by

John Eliot Gardener

Philips 442 142-2

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

C

ONTENTS

Product Overview ..............................................................................................3

Laser Radiation Hazard 3

Giuseppe Verdi (1813 –1901)............................................................................4

Recommended recordings x 5

Contents .............................................................................................................6

About this Manual

What does the coloured text mean?

About Sample Rates x

9

9

9

Step-by-Step Guide .........................................................................................10

Preliminaries

Step 1 – Connecting the System

Connecting the 1394 Interface

Connecting the DAC Outputs

Connecting a PCM Output

Step 2 – Playing a Disc

x

x x

Step 3 – Track Selection

Programming a Track Sequence x

Playing all Tracks in a Random Order

Step 4 – Setting a Repeat Sequence

Repeating the Whole Disc

Repeating a Track

Repeating Part of a Track

Cancelling Repeat Mode x x x x

Other Settings

14

14

14

15

15

15

15

15

15

10

11

11

12

12

13

Typical Applications........................................................................................16

Using a DAC in Master Mode 16

The Software – The Menu ...............................................................................18

Using the Menu

Opening the Menu

Types of Menu Page

Closing the Menu

Menu Sequence

SACD/CD

– Selecting the layer on a hybrid disc

Transmit

– Activating the 1394 Outputs

1394 ID

– 1394 Source Identification

Bright x

- Display Brightness

TimeOut

– Menu Time Out Setting

Ch.Check

- Channel Check Test

Ph.Check

- Phase Check Test

Burn In

- Burn-In Signal Generation

Test

- Display Test

Issue

– Software Issue State

Temp

– Unit Internal Temperature

Serial

– Unit Serial Number

Contact

- Contact information

FavLayer

– Favourite Layer on a Hybrid Disc

SessTime

– Session Time Out Setting

Easy Play

– Automatic Source Selection

CDUpdate

– Software Update By CD

Factory

– Restoring Factory Defaults

19

19

19

19

20

20

20

20

21

21

21

22

22

23

23

23

23

23

24

24

24

25

27

The Hardware – Controls and Connectors ...................................................28

Front Panel

Key to Front Panel

Power Button

Play / Pause Button

Stop / Eject Button

Status Indicator

Display Mode Indicator

x

x x x x

28

28

28

29

29

29

29

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Remote Control Sensor

Main Display

Mode Indicator

Menu Button

Previous Track Button

Next Track Button

CD Tray

Rotary Control

Rear Panel

Key to Rear Panel

AES/EBU Digital Output

SPDIF Digital Outputs

SPDIF Optical Output

SDIF Interface

Wordclock Digital Input

1394 Interface

Power Link

SUC

Power switch

IEC Power Inlet

Mains Fuse

Additional Information

Remote Control

Blue LED

Standby button

SACD/CD button

Transport controls

Program and Clear buttons

Mode control buttons

Input and Filter buttons

0 – 9 buttons

White LED

Keypad button

Up/Down buttons

Vol/Bal button

Mute button

Display button

x x

x x

x

( Select )

( Step Back )

( Step )

La Scala Technical Information .......................................................................38

Mechanism

Digital Interface Specifications

Sample Rates

Clocking

Synchronising to Wordclock In

Power requirements

Size and Weight

Operating Conditions

x

38

38

39

39

39

40

40

40

General Technical Information.......................................................................42

IEEE 1394 Overview

Synchronising IEEE 1394 interfaces

Automatic Input Selection

dCS IR Remote Control Codes

Upsampler

DACs

Transports

42

42

42

44

44

45

46

36

36

36

36

36

36

35

35

36

36

34

35

35

35

33

33

33

33

34

32

32

32

33

31

31

32

32

29

29

30

30

30

30

30

30

31

31

Using your dCS La Scala for the First Time ....................................................48

What’s in the Box?

Safety Notice

Mains Voltage Setting

Positioning the Unit

48

48

49

49

Options .............................................................................................................50

Mains Supply Voltage

Having Your Options Changed

50

50

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Maintenance and Support...............................................................................52

Service & Maintenance

Obtaining Service

Mains Fuse

Replacing a Blown Fuse

Removing the Transit Screws

x

Fitting the Top Glass Plate

Fitting or Replacing the Batteries in the Remote Control

Opening the battery compartment and removing batteries

Fitting new batteries and closing the case

Updating your La Scala

Software Updates

Hardware Updates

Safety and Electrical Safety

Cleaning the Case

x x

56

56

56

57

57

53

55

55

55

52

52

52

52

53

Troubleshooting ..............................................................................................58

Fault Indication

Power interruption

Power up test errors

58

58

58

Troubleshooting Guide

The unit fails to power up

59

59

The DAC/DDC suddenly mutes, La Scala repeats its’ power-up sequence 59

The DAC/DDC fails to lock to La Scala or displays “ No Input” 59

The DAC/DDC locks but no signal is received

Playing a CD, the DAC output is monophonic

59

59

Channel Check, Phase Check and Burn-In do not work

The Remote Control fails to control the unit

Menu Timeout does not work

The Display turns on briefly when a control is operated, then turns off

CD-R does not play correctly

A disc is trapped in the unit

Troubleshooting the IEEE 1394 Interface

59

60

60

60

60

60

61

Upsampler or Transport displays “ Inactive ”

The Unit keeps displaying “No Comms”

The Unit keeps displaying “Search..”

The DAC displays “Verdi Wordclock Missing”

The DAC displays “Missing Wordclock between Clk Out & Verdi Clk In” 61

The DAC displays “Please check source slaved to DAC Wordclock Out” 61

The DAC displays “Wrong Wordclock @ Verdi Clk In”

The DAC remains muted

The DAC takes a long time to unmute

61

62

62

61

61

61

61

If You Need More Help ....................................................................................63

Other Information 63

Indexes and Software Version Numbers........................................................64

Software History

Definitions and Abbreviations

Key to Cable Identification

List of Tables

List of Figures

Keywords and Phrases

64

64

65

66

66

67

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

About this Manual

If you have not used a La Scala before, please read the section “Using your dCS

La Scala for the first time” on page

48

.

This manual has been arranged with the most commonly used sections placed first:

• table of contents (page

6

)

step-by-step

) and applications guides (page

16

)

• detailed software and hardware information (page

18

)

technical

(page )

• information for first time users (page

48

)

• options, maintenance and troubleshooting (page

50

)

• index section (page

64

)

What does the coloured text mean?

IMPORTANT!

If you are reading a colour print or a soft copy of this manual, you will notice that some types of text are in colour:

Brown text in bold

is a reference to another section or page. Sometimes, if you are reading a soft copy of the manual, page numbers are hyperlinks – click on them and you will go there.

Blue text

is used for controls and connectors, described in the hardware section.

White text in bold on black

is used for alternative control functions, such as menu operation.

• Pink text

is a menu page or setting.

Green text in bold

shows what appears on the display.

Purple text in bold

is used for indicators.

Important information is presented like this - ignoring this may cause you to damage the unit, or invalidate the warranty.

The manual is designed to be helpful. If there are points you feel we could cover better, or that we have missed out - please tell us.

About Sample Rates x

All references to sample rates in this manual use the unit kS/s (kilo Samples per second) rather than the technically incorrect kHz.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

S

TEP

-

BY

-S

TEP

G

UIDE

This section guides you through setting up the unit for basic operation. You may find this useful if you have not used the La Scala for a while.

Preliminaries

do this:

IMPORTANT!

do this: do this:

The Control Summary sheet details the menu structure and outlines the use of the front panel controls. For more information, see the Menu section on page

18

.

For digital interfaces, use with cables designed for digital audio:

• for AES/EBU interfaces use 110

screened, twisted pair cables fitted with one male XLR connector and one female XLR connector.

• for SDIF, Wordclock or SPDIF BNC interfaces, use 75

coax cables fitted with BNC plugs.

for SPDIF RCA interfaces, use 75

coax cables fitted with RCA Phono plugs.

• for TOSLINK optical interfaces, use Toslink fibre-optic cables.

• for IEEE 1394 interfaces, use the IEEE 1394 cable provided with the unit.

Connect the power cable supplied to the Power inlet on the La Scala rear panel, plug the other end into a convenient power outlet. Set the power switch beside the power inlet to the on position (I).

Please do not use an excessively thick power cable as this may damage the power inlet connector. Such damage is not covered by the warranty.

Press the

Power

button and wait about 5 seconds while La Scala configures itself.

The display will show in sequence:

La Scala

,

0

and

No Disc

.

If the unit is likely to be set in an unfamiliar state, you can reset it as follows:

Press the

Menu

button once, then press the

Step Back

button so the display shows

Factory

. Press the

Select

button and wait a second.

The

PWR

indicator will be lit, the others should be off.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Step 1 – Connecting the System

There are only two connections needed between the La Scala and the DAC. The

La Scala is compatible with the dCS Elgar Plus DAC or the dCS Delius DAC equipped with the 1394 option.

dCS Verdi La Scala SACD Transport

CAUTION: VISIBLE AND INVISIBLE

LASER RADIATION. WHEN OPEN,

DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM.

CLASS 1

LASER PRODUCT

AES RCA BNC TOSLINK CH1

SDIF

CH2

IN

WORDCLOCK

POWER

LINK

OUT

1394 SUC

L

44.1kHz

Wordclock

1394

dCS Elgar Plus DAC

R OUTPUT

LEVEL

HIGH

LOW

L AES 1

PUSH

AES 2

PUSH

RCA1

R RCA2

A

BNC

ST

TOSLINK

CH1

DSD / SDIF

CH2

1394

SUC

B

IN - WORDCLOCK - OUT

REC OUT

POWER

L R

R L

Balanced

Outputs

- or -

Unbalanced

Outputs

To Power Amplifier or Preamplifier

Figure 1 – Connecting La Scala to Elgar Plus

Connecting the 1394 Interface do this: do this: do this: x

While playing an SACD, Hybid disc or CD, DSD data is available from either of the 1394 connectors. This can be decoded by a 1394–equipped dCS Elgar Plus or Delius DAC.

Set the DAC to

1394

mode first.

Connect ONE of the

1394

connectors on La Scala’s rear panel to the DAC using the IEEE 1394 cable supplied.

Also connect La Scala‘s

Wordclock Out

to Wordclock In on the DAC.

IMPORTANT!

Do not connect both of La Scala’s 1394 connectors to the DAC – this prevents the IEEE 1394 interfaces synchronising.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Connecting the DAC Outputs do this: do this: do this: x

Connect the DAC analogue outputs to matching inputs on your preamplifier / power amplifier. Connect the power amplifier outputs to your loudspeakers.

Set the preamplifier or DAC Volume control to a low level.

Ensure all system components are switched on.

This set-up is shown in

Figure 1

.

Connecting a PCM Output do this: x

For the best sound quality, use the 1394 interface. Standard CD data is available from all of the PCM outputs, if you want to use them.

Connect any of the

AES, RCA, BNC

or

Toslink

outputs on the La Scala rear panel to the matching inputs on the DAC using suitable cables.

do this:

If you want to use

SDIF-2

instead, connect the

CH1

and

CH2

outputs on the La

Scala rear panel to the matching inputs on the DAC using suitable cables. Also connect the

Wordclock Out

output on the La Scala rear panel to the Wordclock

In connector on the DAC.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Step 2 – Playing a Disc

do this: do this:

Press the

Stop/Eject

button.

The display will show

Opening

then

Open

.

Load a disc into the tray and either push the tray in gently or press the

Eject

button again.

The display will show

Loading

, then

Read TOC

(reading the table of contents from the disc). The disc will be identified as a CD, SACD or hybrid. Either the

CD

or the

SACD

indicator will light, along with the

CONT

indicator (play all tracks in a continuous sequence).

do this: do this: do this:

If the disc is a hybrid, the

HYBD

indicator and either the

SACD

or the

CD

indicator will light. You can select the other layer by pressing the

SACD/CD

button on the Remote Control – the indicator will change to match this.

If the disc has disc text, the

TEXT

indicator will light, the disc title and artist’s name will scroll across the display. For all discs, the number of tracks / total playing time will be displayed, followed by

0

(stopped).

Select the 1394 input on the DAC.

Allow the DAC to lock and un-mute.

Press the

Play

button. Turn up the Volume to a comfortable level.

You should have audio.

do this: do this: do this: do this:

If the disc has disc text, the track name will scroll across the display. For all discs, the track number and elapsed time will be displayed.

Press the

Play/Pause

button to pause playing, press again to resume playing.

Press the

Next Track

or

Previous Track

buttons to skip to another track.

Hold down the

Next Track

or

Previous Track

buttons to fast forward or fast reverse through the track. Alternatively, turn the

Rotary Control

.

Press the

Stop/Eject

button to stop the disc. Press it again to open the tray.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Step 3 – Track Selection

do this: do this: do this:

To change to a particular track:

Press the

Keypad

button on the Remote Control.

While the white LED is lit, press the track number on the

0–9

buttons.

For example, for track number 15, press

1

, then press

5

within the next three seconds.

Programming a Track Sequence x do this: do this: do this: do this: do this: do this: do this:

If you wish, you can program a sequence of up to 31 tracks in any order. If not, go to Step 4.

Load a disc, ensure it is not playing and wait for any disc text to scroll across the display.

Press the

Program

button on the Remote Control. While the white LED is lit, enter the first track number on the

0

-

9

buttons (e.g.

05

).

The

PROG

indicator will light and the display will change to

Prog 05

, then

Pg 1: 5

.

You can also use the

Previous Track

/

Next Track

buttons to choose a track number.

Press the

Program

button again and select the second track (e.g.

12

). The display will show:

Prog 12

, then

Pg 2: 12

. Continue programming as many tracks as you like, up to a maximum of 31.

If you try to program a track number that is not on the disc, the display shows:

No Trk!

To delete the last track in the sequence, press the

Clear

button.

The display will change back to the previous entry and that will become the last track in the sequence.

Press the

Play

button to play the programmed sequence of tracks.

Press the

Play Mode

button if you want to stop playing your programmed sequence and change to Random or Continuous play modes.

The programmed sequence is cleared when the CD tray is opened.

Playing all Tracks in a Random Order do this: do this:

If you wish, La Scala can play all the tracks on the disc in a random order, then stop.

Press the

Play

button.

Press the

Play Mode

button on the Remote Control once or twice until the display shows

Shuffle

and the

RAND

indicator lights.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Step 4 – Setting a Repeat Sequence

If you wish, La Scala can repeat the whole disc, one track or part of a track.

Otherwise, proceed to “Other settings”.

Repeating the Whole Disc do this: x

While playing a disc in Continuous mode (

CONT

indicator lit), press the button on the Remote Control to repeat the whole disc.

Repeat

The display will show

Rept All

and the

REPT

indicator will light.

Repeating a Track do this: x

While playing a track disc in Continuous mode (

CONT

indicator lit), press the

Repeat

button on the Remote Control twice to repeat the track.

The display will show

Rept Trk

and the

REP1

indicator will light.

Repeating Part of a Track do this: x

To select part of a track to repeat, play the track through until you reach the start point. Press the

A-B

button on the Remote Control, the display will show

(for example)

AB 0:20

with the

B

flashing. When you reach the end point (for example, 10 seconds later), press the

A-B

button again. The

B

will stop flashing, the unit will skip back to the start point (A) then continuously repeat the section up to stop point (B). You can select new start and stop points by pressing the

A-B

button at the new start point and again at the new stop point.

Cancelling Repeat Mode do this: x

To stop repeating, press the

Repeat

twice until the display shows

Rept Off

.

button on the Remote Control once or

Other Settings

More features are available through the Menu. See the Menu section starting on page

18

for more information.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

T

YPICAL

A

PPLICATIONS

Using a DAC in Master Mode

You can reduce the jitter in your system by using a dCS DAC in Master mode to clock the Transport.

dCS Verdi La Scala SACD Transport

CAUTION: VISIBLE AND INVISIBLE

LASER RADIATION. WHEN OPEN,

DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM.

CLASS 1

LASER PRODUCT

AES RCA BNC TOSLINK CH1

SDIF

CH2

IN

WORDCLOCK

POWER

LINK

OUT

1394 SUC

L

44.1kHz

Wordclock

1394

dCS Elgar Plus DAC

R OUTPUT

LEVEL

HIGH

LOW

L AES 1

PUSH

AES 2

PUSH

RCA1

R RCA2

A

BNC

ST

TOSLINK

CH1

DSD / SDIF

CH2

1394

SUC

B

IN - WORDCLOCK - OUT REC OUT

POWER

L R R L

Balanced

Outputs

- or -

Unbalanced

Outputs

To Power Amplifier or Preamplifier

do this:

IMPORTANT!

do this: do this: do this:

Figure 2 – Using a DAC in Master mode

Connect up as shown in

Figure 2

.

Note that the Wordclock connections are different to those in

Figure 1

.

Elgar Plus setup for software version 4.2x or later:

The first time you use this arrangement, open the menu and run the

Factory routine.

While playing an SACD, use the

Input

button to select the

1394

input and allow the unit to settle. Open the menu again, choose a

Filter

if you wish, then set the

MS

page to

MS:Mastr

.

When the system has re-locked, use the

Volume

control to set a comfortable listening level.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

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Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

T

HE

S

OFTWARE

– T

HE

M

ENU

Press "Step >" to move along the Menu, press "< Step" to move back.

Press "Select" to set a menu option or change options.

Menu SACD/CD Transmit

First page of the

Menu

Temp

Displays the internal temperature

Celsius

Fahrenheit

Selects format for playing hybrid discs

SACD

CD

Turns off 1394 data feed (DSD mode only)

Active

Inactive

1394 ID

Sets the 1394 source identifying number

0 … 8

Bright x

Sets the display brightness

Bright 7

....

Bright 0

Timeout

Sets the Function

Menu time-out delay

Normal

Long

Issue

Displays the software version number

1.0x

Db 2.06

Test

Runs a display test routine

Burn In

Outputs modulated pink noise to burnin your system

CAUTION! LOUD!

Ph.Check

Outputs noise on both channels then inverts R

Ch.Check

Outputs tone on L channel only then R channel only

Serial

Displays the unit full serial number

VER-?-?-?-?-?-?

Contact

Displays dCS email address

FavLayer

Sets the default layer when playing a Hybrid disc

SACD

CD

SessTime

Sets the time-out for overriding the

FavLayer choice

0

1 hour

2 hours

4 hours

8 hours

Easy Play

Sets the mode of the automatic input switching (La Scala only)

Normal

Verdi

Off

CDUpdate

Starts software update from a dCS

CD

End

Closes the Function

Menu

Factory

Restores standard factory settings

= feature is not available from 1394 outputs.

Figure 3 – Menu flow chart

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Using the Menu

The Menu gives the user access to a wide range of additional features. It also allows new features and performance enhancements to be added at a later date by software upgrades.

Opening the Menu

The Menu is controlled by three buttons:

the button opens the menu and doubles as the

Select

button.

the

the

button pages forward through the Menu – the

Step

button.

Step

button pages backward through the Menu – the

Step Back

button.

When you first open the Menu, the display will show

Menu

.

Successive presses of the

Step

button page through the Menu. You cannot go directly to any particular page, but must enter at the top of the Menu and then page through until you reach the page you want.

Types of Menu Page

There are three types of page in the Menu - Parameter Pages, Information

Pages and Test Pages.

Parameter pages allow the user to check and also change the current settings of the operating parameters, for example

Bright.

When a parameter page is displayed, the first press of the

Select

button shows the current setting.

Subsequent presses of the

Select

button change the page setting.

Information pages display information about the unit, for example Software

Issue

. When an information page is displayed, pressing the

Select

button displays the information held on that page.

Test pages allow the user to initiate a number of useful routines, for example

Test

. When a Test page is displayed, pressing the

Select

button starts the test routine.

Closing the Menu

There are two ways to close the menu and return to normal operation. The easiest way is to wait 5 seconds for the unit to time-out and revert to the standard display. Alternatively, use the

Step

button to page forward until the display shows

End

and then press the

Select

button once.

If the unit times out before the operation in hand has been completed, simply reenter the menu, page forward (or backward) and continue where you left off. If you find the 5 second time-out difficult to use, you can extend it by changing the

TimeOut setting.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Menu Sequence

Use the flow chart (

Figure 3

) or the Control Summary sheet to guide you

through the Menu more quickly.

The following explanation deals with the Menu pages in the sequence they occur in the Menu

3

. The use of each page is shown on an individual basis, with the last operation being closing the Menu. After you have become more familiar with the Menu, you will find it more convenient to perform all the Menu operations in one go before finally closing the Menu.

SACD/CD

– Selecting the layer on a hybrid disc do this: do this: do this:

With a hybrid disc loaded or playing (the

HYBD

indicator will be lit), you can select either the SACD or the CD layer using this menu. This duplicates the

SACD/CD

button on the Remote Control.

Open the Menu and step through until the display shows

SACD/CD

.

Press the

Select

button to flip between

SACD

or

CD

.

When you have the option you want, wait for the Menu to time-out and the display to revert to its normal mode.

If the disc is not a hybrid, the menu will display the disc type but you will not be able to change the setting.

Transmit

– Activating the 1394 Outputs do this: do this: do this: do this:

At present, the IEEE 1394 interface supports up to eight active DSD sources at any time. If more are connected to the bus, no more than eight may be active.

This situation will improve as industry standards stabilise. The

Transmit

page allows La Scala to be left in

DSD/SACD

output mode but with the

1394

interface inactive. With most set-ups, you will not have to worry about this setting.

Set up the unit in

DSD/SACD

mode, with the

1394

interface connected to at least one other unit.

Open the Menu and step through until the display shows

Transmit

.

Press the

Select

button to flip between

Active

and

Inactive

.

When you have the option you want, wait for the Menu to time-out and the display to revert to its normal mode.

1394 ID

– 1394 Source Identification

This page sets a number between 1 and 8 to identify each La Scala you have connected to the 1394 system.

do this: do this:

Open the Menu and step through until the display shows

1394ID:x

, where x is a number between 0 and 8.

Press the

Select

button repeatedly, allowing the unit to settle for a few seconds each time. The display cycles through

1394ID:0

,

1394ID:1

,

.......

,

1394ID:7

,

1394ID:8

, and back to

1394ID:0

.

If you set

1394ID:2

for example, when the DAC is selected to this La Scala, it will display

La Scala 2

. You can set any other La Scalas connected to the 1394 system to a different number. If you set

1394ID:0,

the DAC displays

La Scala

, without a number.

3

A minor software update may change the order of the menu items or add an option. If this happens, the

Control Summary sheet may be updated before the manual.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Bright x

- Display Brightness

This adjusts the brightness of the main display, with settings between 7

(brightest) and 0 (off, unless something is touched).

do this: do this:

Open the Menu and step through until the display shows

Bright x

, where x is a number between 7 and 0.

Press the

Select

button repeatedly and the display cycles through

Bright 7

,

Bright 6

,

.......

,

Bright 1

,

Bright 0

and back to

Bright 7

.

After time-out, a setting of

Bright 0

blanks the display unless the unit is not locked. Operating any control or locking to a source while in this mode turns the display back on momentarily.

TimeOut

– Menu Time Out Setting

If you find the 5 second time out period for the menu is too short, use this option to change the time out period to 30 seconds.

do this: do this: do this: do this:

Open the Menu and step through until the display shows

Timeout

.

Press the

Select

button once and the display will show

Normal

.

Press the

Select

button again and the display will change to

Long

.

Repeat this if you want to change back.

Ch.Check

- Channel Check Test

Use this feature to check if the stereo outputs on your system are swapped. It is disabled when in DSD/SACD mode.

do this: do this:

Set up your system to play music at a comfortable level.

Open the Menu and step through until the display shows:

Ch.Check

do this:

Press the

Select

button once to start the test. After briefly displaying

Wait

, the following sequence occurs:

Left

A modulated tone should appear on the left channel only for several seconds.

None

Both outputs are muted for a second.

Right

A modulated tone should appear on the right channel only for several seconds.

Done

This is displayed briefly at the end of the test.

If the channels are swapped, check for wiring errors from the unit output onwards. If you correct this temporarily using the

Swap

function on a dCS DAC, note that the

Swap

setting is NOT remembered at power down.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Ph.Check

- Phase Check Test

Use this feature to check if one channel in your system is phase inverted

4

. It is disabled when in DSD/SACD mode.

do this:

Set up your system to play music at a comfortable level.

do this:

Open the Menu and step through until the display shows:

Ph.Check

do this:

Press the

Select

button once to start the test.

After briefly displaying

Wait

, the following sequence occurs:

Normal

In-phase noise appears on both channels for several seconds.

None

Both outputs are muted for a second.

Inverted

A second burst of noise appears on both channels with the right channel inverted for several seconds.

Done

This is displayed briefly at the end of the test.

If both channels are in-phase the first burst of noise will produce a stable central image but the second burst will not. If one channel is out of phase, the second burst will produce a stable stereo image but the first will not.

If there is a phasing error, check for wiring errors from the unit output onwards.

You cannot correct this error on a dCS DAC using the

Phase

feature as this inverts both channels.

Burn In

- Burn-In Signal Generation

IMPORTANT!

Read all the steps in this section before starting the System Burn-in routine.

The Burn-in routine outputs a signal at maximum volume.

IMPORTANT!

do this: do this:

This routine is NOT suitable for burning-in loudspeakers. Ensure your loudspeakers are disconnected, or your power amplifier is switched off before starting this routine.

Use this feature to burn-in your system components with modulated pink noise.

It is disabled when in DSD/SACD mode.

Set up your system volume control to the usual setting.

Open the Menu and step through until the display shows:

Burn In do this:

Press the

Select

button once to start the burn-in routine.

4

The ear responds to positive pressure substantially more than it does to negative pressure for low frequencies, so it is worth getting the phasing correct.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

do this:

La Scala will show the warning messages

Caution

and

Loud

in the main display for 20 seconds and then the burn-in signal will ramp-up from zero to maximum level over a period of about 10 seconds.

The display cycles through

Burn in

,

Caution

and

Loud

while the

Burn In routine is running.

To stop the Burn-in signal, press either a

Step

or

Select

button once. The display will briefly show:

Done

Test

- Display Test do this: do this:

This runs a test routine to ensure the display is working correctly.

Open the Menu and step through until the display shows

Test

.

Press the

Select

button once to start the test.

The main display lights up then fades from bottom to top.

The indicator LEDs light up briefly in sequence.

All indicators light up, along with small squares on the main display. This flashes off and on once.

The display shows

Done

.

Issue

– Software Issue State

This displays the issue number of the software fitted to your unit. You will need to check this if you are considering a software upgrade or if your unit malfunctions.

do this: do this: do this:

Open the Menu and step through until the display shows

Issue

.

Press the

Select

button once to display the software issue.

For units fitted with a

1394

interface, press the

Select

button again to display the 1394 interface software issue.

Temp

– Unit Internal Temperature

This displays the temperature inside the unit, close to the crystal oscillators.

do this: do this:

Open the Menu and page through until the display shows

Temp

.

Press the

Select

button once to display the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.

Press

Select

again to change to degrees Celsius.

Serial

– Unit Serial Number do this: do this:

This displays the full serial number, including the hardware configuration code.

We will need this information to assemble upgraded software to suit your unit.

Have a pen and paper handy to note down the number. Open the Menu and step through until the display shows

Serial

.

Press the

Select

button once and the serial number will scroll across the display.

Contact

- Contact information

This displays dCS’ email address and web-site URL.

do this: do this:

Open the Menu and step through until the display shows

Contact

.

Press the

Select

button once and the contact information will scroll across the display.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

FavLayer

– Favourite Layer on a Hybrid Disc

Hybrid discs have two layers – an SACD layer and a CD layer. If you are playing a hybrid disc, this menu setting allows you to choose which layer is played automatically.

do this: do this: do this: do this:

Open the Menu and step through until the display shows

FavLayer

.

Press the

Select

button once and the display will show

SACD

.

Press the

Select

button again and the display will change to

CD

.

Repeat this if you want to change back.

Most users will set this to

SACD

.

SessTime

– Session Time Out Setting

When playing a hybrid disc, you can over-ride the

FavLayer

setting temporarily by pressing the

SACD/CD

button on the Remote Control. The

FavLayer

setting is restored next time you power up the unit, or at the end of the session time set by this menu.

do this: do this: do this:

Open the Menu and step through until the display shows

SessTime

.

Press the

Select

button repeatedly and the display will cycle through

0, 1 hour,

2 hours, 4 hours, 8 hours, 30 mins

, etc.

Choose the setting you want and wait for the Menu to timeout.

Easy Play

– Automatic Source Selection

The Easy Play system automatically selects the active source in your system.

There are 3 options:

Normal

Verdi

Off

La Scala selects the 1394 input on the DAC. This is the usual setting.

La Scala operates in the same way as a standard

Verdi. The DAC will select the 1394 input if La

Scala is playing an SACD, and select the active

PCM input if La Scala is playing a CD.

All source selection must be done manually.

Choose this setting if you have several digital sources connected to your DAC.

do this: do this:

Open the Menu and step through until the display shows

EasyPlay

.

Press the

Select

button repeatedly and the display cycles through the three options. Stop when you reach the option you want.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

CDUpdate

– Software Update By CD

Current software for dCS Elgar Plus, Elgar, Delius or Purcell and all Verdi, La

Scala or Verona software features a

CD Update

menu page. You can update the software inside any of these products loaded with

CD Update

software quickly and easily from a CD supplied by dCS.

IMPORTANT!

do this: do this: do this: do this: do this: do this: do this: do this: do this: do this: do this: do this:

IMPORTANT!

Please follow the latest update instructions supplied with the CD. The following is for guidance only.

You will need a standard CD Transport, a CD player or a dCS Verdi to play the

CD. A few CD players are not suitable because they upsample to 48kS/s or change some of the data bits in other ways (one example is the ML37). Don’t worry - the CD Update routine detects these and stops, preventing any changes to the internal software.

If you are updating a dCS Upsampler or DAC:

Connect an AES or RCA digital output from the Transport to the Upsampler or

DAC and select the input you have just connected. Disconnect any

1394

interface cables.

If you are updating a dCS DAC connected to the Transport through another device:

Connect an AES or RCA digital output from the other device to the DAC and select the input you have just connected. Set the other device to bit-for-bit mode

(

Cloning

on a dCS Upsampler). Disconnect any

1394

interface cables.

If in doubt, connect the DAC directly to the transport.

If you are updating a dCS Verona:

Disconnect ALL cables from the unit, except the power cable. Open the Menu on the unit to be updated and step through until the display shows

CDUpdate

.

Make sure the transport is in STOP mode.

Press the

Select

button to start the routine.

When the unit displays

Cable

, connect a BNC cable from the

Ext Ref In

put to a

BNC SPDIF digital output on the transport. The unit will lock to the transport, then display

Wait

.

If you are updating a dCS Transport, the Transport plays the CD and updates itself, missing out some of the early steps. Disconnect any

1394

interface cables.

For all dCS units:

RELAX! The update procedure is easy.

Mute your power amplifier.

Insert a dCS CD (containing software for the unit you want to update) into the transport, making sure it is in STOP mode.

Open the Menu on the unit to be updated and step through until the display shows

CDUpdate

.

Press the

Select

button to start the routine.

The unit will display

Wait

while it prepares the flash memory for the update.

After 3-4 minutes, the unit will scroll

Please Start CD

.

Press PLAY.

Do not press PLAY before the unit to be updated is ready. This can cause

the download to fail. Use only dCS CDs.

The unit will now inspect the CD, and will display

Scanning

, while it reads administrative data.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

do this: do this: do this:

OOPS!

do this: do this: do this:

If there is anything wrong with the dCS CD that has been loaded or it does not match the product, the unit will display

Wrong!

or

Wrong CD

or

No Index

and revert to normal operation. Don’t worry – the internal software is unchanged.

Check the CD for dust or scratches.

If it is not a dCS CD at all, the unit will keep repeating

Please Start CD

, for about 30 seconds or display

Wrong CD

and then revert to normal operation.

If the data is correct, the unit will display

Track n

, where n is a number.

You can move the Transport on to track n, or wait for it to get there of its own accord.

If the unit has to wait for the right track, it will display

Found Track 1

, then

Found Track 2

, etc, until it finds the right one.

Vx.xx

will appear on the display

(this is the new software issue number). If the unit displays

No Track

, repeat the procedure but manually advance the transport to track n.

Next, the update progress is displayed in one of the following formats:

The display counts up from

0% 0/7

to

99% 0/7

, displays

Copying

, counts up from

0% 1/7

to

99% 1/7

, displays

Copying

and so on until the last section is loaded and copied. Some models may use less than 8 sections.

A moving dot counts down slowly from about

3

to

0

.

After about 15 minutes, the update is complete and the unit will reboot itself.

If the CD is still playing, you can stop it now.

If the unit being updated has a 1394 interface, wait until the unit has settled

(about 30 seconds), switch it off for 10 seconds, then on again.

If the unit detects no change in the 1394 interface code, it will boot up as usual and be ready for use.

If the 1394 interface code has been updated, the unit will load the new code into the flash memory on the 1394 interface board – this takes about 10 minutes.

While this is taking place, the unit will display a progress bar. Next the unit will display in sequence:

Done 5

,

Done 4

, …,

Done 1

then reboot itself again.

The unit is ready for use.

If the CD transport stops or becomes disconnected during an update, don’t worry! The original software is backed up inside the unit. Proceed as follows:

The checking routine will find a sequencing error and

Non Seq

or

Bad CD!

will appear on the display.

Turn the power off and on to reboot. This message will scroll across the display:

Bad CheckSum – Press Function button to attempt recovery

or or

Bad CheckSum – Press Mute button to attempt recovery

Bad CheckSum – Press Menu button to attempt recovery,

depending on the model.

Press the appropriate button once.

The original software is retrieved from the internal backup while displaying

Wait...

. This may take a few minutes. When recovery is complete, the unit re-boots.

Run the

CD Update

routine again to load the new software.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Factory

– Restoring Factory Defaults

This feature sets most of the parameters back to the factory default settings.

This can be useful if the settings are accidentally changed and you need to reset the unit to a standard configuration, or your children play with it.

do this: do this:

Open the Menu and step through until the display shows

Factory

.

Press the

Select

button and leave the menu to time out.

After re-booting, the unit will return to normal operation set up as follows:

• Transmit

to

Active

Brightness

• 1394ID

to

0 to

• Timeout

to

Normal

• FavLayer

to

SACD

SessTime

to

0

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

T

HE

H

ARDWARE

– C

ONTROLS AND

C

ONNECTORS

Front Panel

L

CD

Update

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

M

Power

PWR

HYBD

TEXT

DISC

SACD

CD

ART

TRK

dCS Verdi - La Scala

Upsampling SACD Transport

CONT

PROG

RPT

RPT1

RAND

WCLK

A-B

1394

Menu

Select

Step

A B C D E F G H I J K

Figure 4 – dCS La Scala Front Panel

Key to Front Panel

Power Button do this: do this: do this: do this:

F

G

I

H

A

B

C

D

E

J

K

L

M

Power

/ Standby button

Play / Pause

button

Stop / Eject

button

Status

indicator

Display mode

indicator

Remote Control sensor

Main Display

Mode

indicator

Menu

or

Select

button

Previous Track

/

Fast Reverse

or Menu

Step Back

button

Next Track

/

Fast Forward

or Menu

Step

button

SACD/CD tray

Rotary control

x

This button doubles as a power on / off switch and a standby mode switch.

To switch on, press the

Power

button briefly. If power is available, the

PWR

indicator will light and La Scala will run through the power up routine.

Note that the

Power

button will not click when turning power on – this is normal.

When you have finished listening, press the

Power

button briefly to set the unit to standby mode.

The outputs will mute, all displays will turn off except the

PWR

indicator. In this mode, La Scala uses little power. If power is switched off or fails, Standby mode is cancelled.

To restore normal operation, press the

Power

button briefly again.

La Scala will power up ready for use.

To switch off completely, press the

Power

button and hold it for a few seconds until the

Main Display

shows

Power Dn

, then release it.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Play / Pause Button do this: x

With a disc loaded, press this button to start it playing. Press it to pause and press again to resume playing.

Stop / Eject Button do this: x

With a disc playing, press this button to stop playing. Press again to open or close the CD tray and change the disc.

Status Indicator x

This consists of 4 indicators:

PWR

is lit when power is connected and the unit is turned on or is in standby mode.

HYBD

is lit when the unit detects that a hybrid SACD / CD is loaded.

SACD

is lit when the unit detects that a SACD is loaded, or that a hybrid disc is loaded and the unit is set to SACD mode.

CD

is lit when the unit detects that an ordinary CD is loaded, or that a hybrid disc is loaded and the unit is set to CD mode.

Display Mode Indicator x

This consists of 4 indicators:

TEXT

is lit while text from the disc is displayed.

DISC

is lit while the disc title is displayed.

ART

is lit while the artist’s name is displayed.

TRK

is lit while the track title is displayed.

Remote Control Sensor x

Point the end of the

Remote Control

unit towards the sensor for best control range.

Main Display x

The main display tells you what La Scala is doing.

After pressing

Eject

, the display will show

Opening

, then

Open

. While the tray is closing the display will show

Loading

.

While playing a disc, use the

Display

button on the Remote Control to display either:

• the track number and the elapsed time of the current track.

• the track name, if you are playing an SACD with Text Data.

• the track number and the remaining time for the current track.

• the remaining time on the disc.

While a disc is loaded but not playing, you can choose to display either:

• the total tracks and run time for the disc.

• the disc title, if you are playing an SACD with Text Data.

• the artist’s name, if you are playing an SACD with Text Data.

When accessing the Menu (see page

18

), menu options are displayed here.

If an error occurs during power up or normal use, the details of the fault will be displayed. See “Fault Indication” on page

58

.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Mode Indicator x

The upper block of 6 indicators shows which play mode has been selected from the Remote Control:

CONT

- In Continuous mode, the unit plays the disc from the beginning to the end.

PROG

– In Program mode, the unit is being set up with a program or is playing a programmed sequence of tracks.

RAND

– The unit plays all the tracks on the disc in a Random order, then stops.

REPT

– The unit is repeating the whole disc or the programmed sequence.

RPT1

– The unit is repeating the current track.

A-B

– The unit is repeating the specified part of the current track or disc.

When a 44.1kHz Wordclock is connected to

Wordclock In

, La Scala automatically slaves to it. The

WCLK

indicator flashes while the unit is locking then remains on while locked. It will ignore wordclocks at frequencies other than

44.1kHz.

When playing an SACD, the IEEE

1394

interface is active and the

1394

indicator lights up.

Menu Button ( Select )

Press the

Menu

button to open the Menu (see page

18

) and change or

Select

settings in the menu.

Previous Track Button ( Step Back )

Next Track Button ( Step )

Press the

Previous Track

button briefly to skip to the previous track. Hold down the

Previous Track

button to fast reverse through the current track.

CD Tray

Press the

Next Track

button briefly to skip to the next track. Hold down the

Next Track

button to fast forward through the current track.

When the Menu is open, these two buttons are used for paging backwards and forwards through the Menu (see page

18

).

x

When the tray is open, a gentle push will close it.

If the tray is open when the unit is on and you press the

Power

button, the tray will close automatically before the unit enters standby mode or powers down.

Rotary Control x

While the disc is stopped, turn the

Rotary Control

clockwise to skip to a later track or anti-clockwise to skip to an earlier track.

While the disc is playing, turn the

Rotary Control

clockwise to fast forward through the track or anti-clockwise to fast reverse.

While the Menu is open, use the

Rotary Control

to page forwards and backwards through the menu.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Rear Panel

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

CAUTION: VISIBLE AND INVISIBLE

LASER RADIATION. WHEN OPEN,

DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM.

CLASS 1

LASER PRODUCT

T Z

1394 SUC

AES

RCA BNC TOSLINK CH1

SDIF

CH2

IN

POWER

WORDCLOCK

OUT

Designed and Manufactured in England by dCS Ltd (UK company 2072115), Mull House, Gt. Chesterford Ct., Gt. Chesterford, Saffron Walden CB10 1PF UK.

Warning: Shock Hazard - Do not open. No user serviceable parts inside. Caution: To avoid risk of fire replace only with same fuse type and rating 0.5A T.

Caution: This equipment MUST be earthed. This product complies with FDA 21 CFR subchapter J.

LINK

N O P Q R S U V

Serial No.

W X

Power Supply

50/60Hz, 50W

V

Y

Key to Rear Panel

X

Y

Z

U

V

W

N

O & P

Q

R

S

T

Figure 5 – dCS La Scala Rear Panel

AES

/EBU digital output on XLR male connector

SPDIF digital inputs on

RCA

&

BNC

connectors

SPDIF optical output on

TOSLINK

connector

SDIF

interface on 2 BNC connectors

Wordclock

digital

Out

put

Wordclock

digital

In

put

Power Link

connector

IEEE

1394

interface on two 6-way connectors

S

oftware

U

pgrade

C

onnector, 9-way ‘D’ type

Power switch

Mains fuse holder

IEC

Power

inlet

AES/EBU Digital Output

The

AES 1

output carries AES/EBU digital signals, sampled at 44.1kS/s. The data format is AES3. Data from SACDs is also available, down-sampled to 16 bit / 44.1kS/s.

Use with 110 ohm screened, twisted pair cable designed for digital audio or RF.

Unscreened cables must not be used as they may pick up interference from other appliances.

SPDIF Digital Outputs

The SPDIF outputs (

RCA

or

BNC

) carry identical digital signals, sampled at

44.1kS/s. The data format is IEC60958, otherwise known as SPDIF. Data from

SACDs is also available, down-sampled to 16 bit / 44.1kS/s. RCA connectors are the type commonly found on consumer equipment.

Use with 75 ohm co-axial cables designed for digital audio or RF use. Some types of audio cable are not suitable and may cause crackling noises or other malfunctions.

IMPORTANT!

If the Copy Prohibit flag in the source data on the disc is set, you will not be able to record the data from the SPDIF outputs.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

SPDIF Optical Output

The optical output carries optically transmitted digital signals, sampled at

44.1kS/s. The data format is IEC60958, otherwise known as SPDIF. Data from

SACDs is also available, down-sampled to 16 bit / 44.1kS/s.

Use the

Toslink

output with Toslink fibre optic cables designed for digital audio use. Pull off the plastic cover before use.

SDIF Interface

This consists of two data outputs,

CH1

&

CH2

and the

Wordclock Out

, all on

BNC sockets. The interface carries digital signals, sampled at 44.1kS/s. The data format is SDIF-2. Data from SACDs is also available, down-sampled to 16 bit / 44.1kS/s.

Connect up the three BNC sockets with 75

co-axial cables designed for digital audio or RF use. A.C. coupled cables are not suitable.

IMPORTANT!

When playing a disc,

Wordclock Out

carries a 44.1kHz Wordclock.

Wordclock Digital Input

Wordclock In

accepts a 44.1kHz Wordclock. It allows La Scala and the rest of your system to be synchronised to a master clock. This arrangement helps reduce jitter, which can degrade the audio output. When a 44.1kHz Wordclock is connected, La Scala will automatically slave to it. The

WClk

indicator will flash while locking and stay on while La Scala is locked.

There is no data on the wordclock interface. Use with 75 ohm co-axial cables designed for digital audio or RF use. A.C. coupled cables are not suitable.

1394 Interface

Please ensure the 3 cables are correctly connected to the DAC (or other destination equipment), otherwise the interface may malfunction or the channels may be swapped.

All units feature an IEEE

1394

multi-channel interface, available on two 6-way

1394 connectors. If there are more than eight 1394 sources in the chain, La

Scala can be made inactive using the

Transmit

menu item, see page

20

.

In this release, the unit generates DSD data at 2.822MS/s from either

1394

connector. For correct operation, the DAC must be locked to the 44.1kHz signal on La Scala‘s

Wordclock Out

connector (or the system must be locked to a master clock running at 44.1kHz). We recommend using the 1.8 metre long, 6way IEEE 1394 cable assembly and the BNC cable assembly provided. The

1394

indicator lights when the interface is active. See “IEEE 1394 Overview” on page

42

for more information.

IMPORTANT!

Do not connect both

1394

outputs to the same DAC or other destination equipment - the interface system will be stuck in an endless loop and will not work.

Power Link

This can be linked to similar connectors on other dCS units using a link cable.

All units linked in this way may be turned on or off or set to standby by pressing a single

Power

button or sending one Remote Control command. Link cables are available from dCS.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

SUC

IMPORTANT!

The Software Upgrade Connector is intended to be used by dCS service agents to load new software into La Scala.

Do not connect any other equipment to the SUC connector as this may damage both La Scala and the equipment so connected. Do not operate La

Scala with a PC connected. Failure to observe this warning will void the unit’s warranty, and may cause unpleasant effects in your system.

Power switch

The Power switch completely isolates the unit from the power supply. In normal use, set it to the On position (

I

). Set it to Off (

0

) during electrical storms, or while you are away for a long period.

IEC Power Inlet

Use with a 3 - pin IEC type power cable.

Mains Fuse

Replace only with a 20 x 5mm 500mA T HRC fuse. Please see page

52 for

replacement details.

Additional Information

The rear panel displays the following information about the unit:

The manufacturer’s name and address.

Supply voltage setting, frequency range and rated power.

Model:

The short form of the unit serial number.

We will need the serial number (preferably the full serial number from the menu) to give you support over the phone, or to ship you software updates.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Remote Control

The Remote Control unit supplied with dCS Verdi and La Scala also allows control of some features on dCS Elgar Plus or Delius DACs and the Purcell

Upsampler. These buttons are identified by blue text or symbols on the Remote

Control unit.

ε

δ

β

α

γ

η

ζ

Standby

SACD/CD

/ /

Keypad

Program Clear

Play Mode Repeat

1 2

DDC

4

Input

7

5

Filter

8

DAC

0

A/B

3

Vol/Bal

6

Display

9

θ

λ

ξ

ν

µ

ι

κ

dCS

Blue LED

Figure 6 – Transport Remote Control

(

α

) The blue LED flashes briefly when the remote control sends a DAC or DDC command.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Standby button

(

β

)

Pressing the

Standby

button normally sets La Scala to standby mode.

Press again to restore normal operation.

If you press the

Standby

button while the white LED (

ι

) is lit, all dCS units in range of the remote control will be toggled in or out of standby mode.

SACD/CD button

(

γ

) While playing a hybrid disc, press this button to select either the

SACD

layer or the standard

CD

layer. The layer selected will be displayed on the

Status

indicator. If the disc is not a hybrid disc, this button has no effect.

Transport controls

(

δ

) The

Play/Pause

,

Stop/Eject

,

Previous Track

and

Next Track

buttons control the transport in the same way as the buttons on the front panel.

While the white LED (

ι

) is lit, the

Previous Track

and

Next Track

buttons skip to the previous or next track index, if the disc being played has indexing.

Program and Clear buttons

(

ε

) These two buttons are used to set up or change a sequence of tracks.

do this: do this:

Press the

Program

button to enter

PROG

mode, then enter the first track number on the

0-9

buttons (e.g.

05

) while the white LED (

ι

) is lit. Repeat this to program more tracks, up to a maximum of 31.

To delete the last track in the sequence, press the

Clear

button.

For more details, see “Track Selection” on page

14

.

Mode control buttons do this:

(

ζ

) Press the

Play Mode

button repeatedly to cycle through the 3 modes:

Continue

– plays the whole disc in a continuous sequence then stops. The

CONT

indicator is lit.

Program

– plays the programmed sequence of tracks then stops. The

PROG

indicator is lit.

Shuffle

– plays all the tracks on the disc in a random sequence then stops.

The

RAND

indicator is lit.

do this: do this:

Press the

Repeat

button repeatedly to cycle through the 3 modes:

Rept All

- repeats the whole disc, depending on the Play Mode. In

Continuous mode, the whole disc is repeated from start to finish. In

Program mode, the programmed sequence is repeated. In Shuffle mode, the whole disc is replayed in a different random sequence.

Rept Trk

– repeats the current track, even if it is already playing.

Rept Off

– returns to normal playing mode.

To select part of a track to repeat, play the track through until you reach the start point. Press the

A-B

button, the display will show (for example)

AB 0:20

with the

B

flashing. When you reach the end point (for example, 10 seconds later), press the

A-B

button again. The

B

will stop flashing, the unit will skip back to the start point then continuously repeat the section up to stop point. You can select new start and stop points by pressing the

A-B

button at the new start point and again at the new stop point.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Input and Filter buttons

(

η

) This group of buttons change the selected

Input

and

Filter

settings for dCS

DDCs (buttons

4

and

5

) or dCS DACs (buttons

7

&

8

), if either of these are used in your system. They do not affect La Scala. Press the button repeatedly to cycle through the options.

0 – 9 buttons

(

θ

) The ten numbered buttons form the numeric keypad, used to enter track numbers while the white LED is lit. Most of these buttons have other functions.

To set the Remote Control in keypad mode, either:

press

Keypad

button,

press

0

button or

• hold down one of the

1

-

9

buttons until the white LED lights.

The white LED goes out after 5 seconds, returning the Remote Control to normal operation. Pressing a number button while the white LED is lit keeps the white LED on for another 5 seconds.

White LED

(

ι

) The white LED lights to indicate that the numeric keypad and some alternative functions are active.

Keypad button

(

κ

) The

Keypad

button toggles the Remote Control in and out of keypad mode.

Up/Down buttons

Vol/Bal button

(

λ

) Use the

Up/Down

buttons to alter the Volume setting of a dCS DAC.

(

ν

) Pressing the

Vol/Bal

button puts a dCS DAC in Balance mode – use the

Up/Down

buttons to adjust the Balance. Balance mode times out after 5 seconds if no adjustment is made.

These buttons do not affect La Scala.

Mute button

(

µ

) Press the

Mute

button to mute or un-mute a dCS DAC. This button does not affect La Scala.

Display button

(

ξ

) Press the

Display

button to cycle through the display options:

• disc title (discs with disc text only),

• artist’s name (discs with disc text only),

• track number and elapsed time.

The display mode indicators show what is being displayed.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

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Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

L

A

S

CALA

T

ECHNICAL

I

NFORMATION

Mechanism

Dual laser, 2 channel, SACD/CD compatible

Vibration absorbing elastomer suspension

Drawer type loader

Digital Interface Specifications

IEEE 1394

Type

Data format

Connectors

I/O

200Mbit

dCS Encrypted DSD

6-way x 2

Table 1 – IEEE 1394 Interface Electrical Characteristics

AES/EBU (AES3)

Type

Impedance

Level (unloaded)

Connector

Connections Pin 1

Pin 2

Pin 3

Output

Balanced, differential

110

7

XLR3 male x 3

Ground or shield

+Signal

-Signal

Table 2 – AES/EBU Interface Electrical Characteristics

SPDIF (electrical)

Type

Impedance

Level (unloaded)

Connector

Output

Single ended, ground referred

75

1.0

RCA Phono or BNC

Table 3 – SPDIF Interface Electrical Characteristics

SPDIF (optical)

Type

Wavelength

Connector

Toslink Output

Optical

660

Toslink EIAJ CP-340

Table 4 – Optical Interfaces Electrical Characteristics

V pk-pk

V pk-pk nm

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

SDIF-2 / Wordclock

Type

Impedance

Level (unloaded)

Connector

WClk Input Outputs

Single ended, ground referred

100 25

TTL

BNC

TTL

BNC x 3

Table 5 – SDIF / Wordclock Interface Electrical Characteristics

Sample Rates

2.822MS/s DSD on the IEEE

1394

interface, upsampled when playing a standard CD. Use with a 44.1kHz wordclock.

16 bit / 44.1kS/s on

AES, RCA, BNC, Toslink

and

SDIF

-2 interfaces, downsampled when playing an SACD.

The Wordclock interface generates / accepts a 44.1kHz wordclock.

Clocking

The sample clock quality significantly determines the output performance of the unit. The highest quality clocks that are available are crystals, so we use these.

La Scala uses on-board voltage controlled crystal oscillators (VCXO’s) as clock sources. In master mode, this clocks the outputs and controls the mechanism.

When slaving to

Wordclock In

, the VCXO is synchronised to the clock signal extracted from the input by a phase locked loop (PLL). This PLL is of a special narrow bandwidth type, that provides a significant degree of "clock cleaning”.

The PLL is also very robust, and will lock to very poor signals if necessary.

Accuracy Typically

±

3 parts per million at time of shipping

Synchronising to Wordclock In x

The unit will slave to a 44.1kHz Wordclock on the

Wordclock In

connector.

Pull-in range

Lock-in time

±

300 parts per million about nominal frequency

< 6 seconds for most situations

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Power requirements

Units may be set for 100, 115/120, 200, 215/220 or 230/240V (+/-10%),

50/60Hz AC operation.

Purcell &

Verona

Delius

Elgar Plus

Verdi &

La Scala

Typical power consumption

16W

21W

34W

25W

Maximum power consumption

20W

25W

40W

50W

Table 6 – Power consumption for consumer products

Size and Weight

Purcell &

Verona

Delius

Elgar Plus

Verdi &

La Scala

Length

461mm

(18.15”)

461mm

(18.15”)

461mm

(18.15”)

461mm

(18.15”)

Depth

413mm

(16.18”)

413mm

(16.18”)*

406mm

(16.0”)

415mm

(16.34”)**

Height

69mm

(2.70”)

69mm

(2.70”)

75mm

(2.94”)

137mm

(5.39”)

Weight

8.5kg

(18.7lbs)

8.8kg

(19.4lbs)

12.0kg

(26.4lbs)

17kg

(37.4lbs)

Table 7 – Size and weight for consumer products

*Delius only: the control knob protrudes out of the front by 20mm (0.79”).

**Verdi & La Scala only: the control knob protrudes out of the front by 13mm

(0.51”).

Allow extra depth for cable connectors.

Operating Conditions

Ambient temperature range: 0

°

C (32

°

F) to 50

°

C (122

°

F), non-condensing.

Do not install the unit near heat sources such as radiators, air ducts, power amplifiers or direct strong sunlight.

If in doubt, the easy test is - La Scala is happy to work anywhere a human is.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

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Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

G

ENERAL

T

ECHNICAL

I

NFORMATION

IEEE 1394 Overview

The IEEE 1394 interface is a high speed multi-channel system. It has the capacity to carry over 50 channels of DSD (Direct Stream Digital) or over 30 channels of 24 bit / 192kS/s audio data through a single cable.

From October 2001 onwards, a pair of 6-way electrical IEEE 1394 interfaces running at 200Mbit/s are available on the following dCS products:

dCS Elgar Plus DAC, standard fit with software version 4.10 or later.

dCS Delius DAC, optional fit with software version 2.10 or later.

dCS Purcell Upsampler, optional fit with software version 2.11 or later.

dCS Verdi SACD/CD Transport, standard fit.

dCS Verdi La Scala Upsampling SACD/CD Transport, standard fit.

In the current implementation, Purcell can upsample standard digital formats

(such as CD at 44.1kS/s 16 bits) to DSD at 2.822MS/s and output a stereo pair of DSD data onto its 1394 interface. Verdi can read DSD data from an SACD and output a stereo pair of DSD data onto its 1394 interface. The data is encrypted to conform to the conditions of the DSD licensing arrangements.

Either Elgar Plus or Delius will accept DSD data from the 1394 interface and convert it to high quality analogue.

The hardware interface is very flexible and software configurable. We will add other features and data formats at a later date, adopting industry standard formats as they stabilise.

Synchronising IEEE 1394 interfaces

The IEEE 1394 system is great for carrying large amounts or digital audio data

– but is inherently very jittery. To ensure low-jitter conversion to analogue, each unit linked by the 1394 system must be synchronised to the others by another connection.

A DAC in slave mode should be sync’ed to Verdi by connecting Verdi’s

WClk Out

to the DAC’s

WClk In

.

A DAC in master mode should sync Verdi by connecting the DAC’s

WClk

Out

to Verdi’s

WClk In

.

An Upsampler should be slaved to Verdi, usually by the selected PCM input

(

AES

or

RCA

).

Automatic Input Selection

From October 2002 onwards, the software on the following products has been enhanced to automatically select the interface carrying data from Verdi:

dCS Elgar Plus DAC, standard fit with software version 4.20 or later.

dCS Delius DAC, optional fit with software version 2.20 or later.

dCS Verdi SACD/CD Transport, standard fit with software version 1.20 or later.

dCS Verdi La Scala Upsampling SACD/CD Transport, standard fit, with the

Easy Play

menu set to

Verdi

.

The system relies on a 1394 link between Verdi and the DAC. The DAC will automatically change inputs whenever Verdi changes layer or starts playing.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

If the Verdi starts playing an SACD, the DAC selects that 1394 channel.

If the Verdi starts playing a CD and:

there is a second source on the 1394 bus (such as a Purcell), the DAC will select the other source.

there are more than two other sources on the 1394 bus (such as a Purcell or another Verdi), the DAC will select one of the other sources. You may have to manually select the source you want.

Verdi is the only source on the 1394 bus, the DAC will scan the PCM inputs and select the first active one it finds. The priority order is:

AES1

(and

Dual

AES

) first,

AES2

,

RCA1

,

RCA2

,

TOS

,

ST

,

BNC

. If the active input is not derived from Verdi, you may have to manually select the source you want.

If none of the PCM inputs are active, the DAC will remain selected to the original 1394 channel.

This arrangement works best with only two inputs connected to the DAC –

Verdi’s 1394 feed for SACD’s and either a PCM feed from Verdi or an upsampled feed from Verdi. The DAC can be in master or slave mode – we recommend master mode.

If you are using a Purcell in Dual AES mode (rather than DSD mode), you should set the DAC’s

Dual AES

menu page to either

Lock

or

Auto

.

The DAC has enough information about the system set-up to report connection and setting errors. These are:

Verdi Wordclock Missing

Please Check Source Slaved to Delius / Elgar Plus Wordclock Out

Missing Wordclock between ClkOut and Verdi Clk In

Wrong Fs @ Verdi Clk In

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

dCS IR Remote Control Codes

This section gives details of the Remote Control codes generated by dCS IR

Remote Control units, for use with programmable remote controls. All dCS

Remote Control units use the RC5 system and a carrier frequency of 37.9kHz.

For more information on the use of dCS Remote Control units, please refer to the manual for that unit.

IMPORTANT!

Please note that dCS cannot accept responsibility for any difficulties experienced with other manufacturer’s remote control units.

Upsampler

For Purcell, the category code is 29 (decimal).

These Upsampler codes are in use on the Elgar Plus / Delius Remote v2.0 and

Transport Remote v2.0.

Button Code

Decimal

Hexadecimal

39

41

42

43

35

36

37

38

44

45

46

47

27

32

33

34

14

16

17

26

1

3

6

7

12

27

29

2A

2B

23

24

25

26

2C

2D

2E

2F

1B

20

21

22

0E

10

11

1A

01

03

06

07

0C

Purcell

RC button

RCA1 / RCA2

AES1 / AES2

BNC

Display

Standby

Filter

(up)

(down)

Function

Input

32kS/s out

44.1kS/s out

48kS/s out

88.2kS/s out

96kS/s out

176.4kS/s out

192kS/s out

DSD/1394 out

Standby ON

Standby OFF

Power OFF

Filter 1

Filter 2

Filter 3

Filter 4

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

DACs

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

For all DACs, the category code is 13 (decimal).

These DAC codes up to decimal 27 are in use on the Elgar Plus / Delius Remote v2.0, Transport Remote v2.0 and Elgar Remote v1.0. Elgar Plus v4.20 or later and Delius v2.20 or later will respond to codes over decimal 27.

Button or Function Code

Decimal Hexadecimal

41

42

43

44

37

38

39

40

33

34

35

36

17

26

27

32

45

46

47

48

49

50

51

13

14

15

16

7

8

9

12

5

6

3

4

1

2

29

2A

2B

2C

25

26

27

28

21

22

23

24

11

1A

1B

20

2D

2E

2F

30

31

32

33

0D

0E

0F

10

07

08

09

0C

01

02

03

04

05

06

Elgar Plus / Delius

RC function

RCA1

-

AES1

AES2

-

BNC

Display

Vol/Bal

Phase

Standby

Mute

Filter

RCA2

(up)

(down)

Function

Input

Dual AES

SDIF

1394 CH 0

1394 CH 1

1394 CH 2

1394 CH 3

1394 CH 4

Mute On

Mute Off

Standby On

Standby Off

Power Off

Filter 1

Filter 2

Filter 3

Filter 4

Filter 5

Filter 6

Master

Slave

Elgar

RC button

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(down)

-

Input

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Coax1

Opt2

AES1

AES2

Opt1

Coax2

Display

Vol/Bal

Phase

Standby

Mute

Filter

-

(up)

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Transports

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

For Verdi & La Scala, the category code is 20 (decimal).

These Transport codes are in use on the Transport Remote v2.0.

Button Code

Decimal

Hexadecimal

53

54

55

58

36

41

43

50

59

60

61

62

32

33

34

35

15

25

26

29

9

10

11

12

7

8

5

6

0

3

4

1

2

35

36

37

3A

24

29

2B

32

3B

3C

3D

3E

20

21

22

23

0F

19

1A

1D

09

0A

0B

0C

05

06

07

08

00

01

02

03

04

Verdi

RC button

Keypad 0/10

Keypad 1

Keypad 2

Keypad 3

Keypad 4

Keypad 5

Keypad 6

Keypad 7

Keypad 8

Keypad 9

Standby ON

Standby OFF

Standby (toggle)

Display

Stop Rewind

Stop Fast Forward

Repeat

Next Track

Previous Track

Next Index

Previous Index

Play Mode

Program

Fast Forward

Rewind

Play

Stop/Eject

Power OFF

5

Clear

A/B

SACD/CD

Select CD layer

Select SACD layer

5

The Power Off code was 63 decimal in Verdi v1.20 – 1.25. Some Pronto units were found to send code 20-63 for no apparent reason, so we changed the code to 55 decimal.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

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Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

U

SING YOUR

dCS L

A

S

CALA FOR THE

F

IRST

T

IME

Thank you for purchasing this dCS La Scala. Before attempting to use your La

Scala, please read at least the rest of this section and the “Step-by-Step Guide” on page

10

. This will enable you to set the unit up quickly with your hi-fi system.

What’s in the Box?

IMPORTANT!

The box should contain the following:

dCS La Scala

User

Control

Summary

Power

Spare Fuses (2)

Remote Control unit

Remote Control guide

3 x AAA batteries

1 pt Pozidriv screwdriver (for fitting the Remote Control unit batteries)

IEEE 1394 cable assembly

BNC

2.5mm hex key (for removing the transit screws)

Top glass plate

4 x bolts and plastic washers (for fitting the top glass plate)

4mm hex key (for fitting the top glass plate)

To reduce the risk of transit damage, the mechanism is clamped with 4 transit screws before shipping. These MUST be removed before use. See page

53

or

the “Read This Before Using Your dCS Verdi!” sheet for details. Also, the top glass plate should be fitted before use. (Your dealer may have done this for you.)

IMPORTANT!

For safety reasons, the Remote Control is shipped with the batteries packed separately. For fitting details, see page

55

.

Check the contents of the inner carton very carefully against the list above.

Notify your dealer as soon as possible if anything is missing or damaged. dCS suggest that all of the original packaging is retained for use when transporting any units. Replacement packaging can be ordered from dCS or our distributors.

Safety Notice

IMPORTANT!

La Scala contains no user serviceable parts. Do not attempt to open the case as there are potentially dangerous voltages present inside. In the event of the unit developing a fault, please consult your dealer.

This equipment MUST be connected to a safety earth (or ground) via the power cable.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Mains Voltage Setting

Before connecting the power cable to your La Scala

for the first time, please check that it has been set to the correct operating voltage for your local mains supply. 50Hz or 60Hz operation is not important – the unit can use either. The unit's present voltage setting is shown on the label beneath the mains inlet on the rear panel. If this does not match your local supply voltage, DO NOT attempt to use the unit. Contact your dealer to arrange to have the unit reset.

Using the La Scala

with the wrong mains setting for your local supply may result in serious damage to the unit and will invalidate the warranty. DO NOT attempt to reset the unit yourself.

IMPORTANT!

Please use a sensible power cable, such as the one supplied with the unit.

Some audiophile power cables presently available are excessively heavy, their weight can damage the power inlet connector. Such damage is not covered by the warranty.

Positioning the Unit

Place La Scala

on a firm, vibration free base so as to allow convenient connection to the other parts of your other system. We suggest that you avoid siting La Scala

either directly above or below preamplifiers or tuners, if either of these will be used in your system at the same time as La Scala.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

O

PTIONS

The following options may be fitted to new units or retrofitted at a later date.

Option code

V5

V4

V3

V2

V1

Option

Mains voltage set to 230/240V

Mains voltage set to 215/220V

Mains voltage set to 200V

Mains voltage set to 115/120V

Mains voltage set to 100V

Table 8 – Options available

Mains Supply Voltage

Any unit may be set for operation from 230/240V, 215/220V, 200V, 115/120V or

100V A.C. Units are shipped set for the mains supply voltage according to the destination. The voltage setting can be updated later by your dealer, if necessary. Specify the new country of use or the new voltage setting.

Having Your Options Changed

dCS support modifications, updates and option changes to supplied units. Major changes are normally carried out at dCS, as we have extensive test facilities and can verify the changes. Please contact your dealer for details.

IMPORTANT!

Please do not attempt the changes yourself. The unit’s performance or reliability may be impaired and the warranty will be invalidated.

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Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

M

AINTENANCE AND

S

UPPORT

Service & Maintenance

dCS audio products are designed not to need regular maintenance, and contain no user serviceable parts apart from the mains fuse.

Obtaining Service

If you experience problems with your La Scala, you should check the

“Troubleshooting” section on page

58

. You may be able to resolve the situation

yourself (for example, by changing a menu setting).

If this does not resolve the problem, contact your authorised dCS dealer for advice, quoting the model, the full serial number (see

Serial

on page

23

), the

software version number (see

Issue

on page

23

) and giving a detailed

description of the fault. If further action is necessary, your dealer will advise you fully.

Mains Fuse

IMPORTANT!

There is a mains fuse below the power inlet, accessible from the outside of the unit. If the fuse blows, it may be changed by the user. The current consumption of the unit is very low, so it only blows if power surges occur, or there is a fault in the unit. Usually, power surges cause no other damage, but if the fuse blows repeatedly on replacement, some other damage will have been done and the unit must be returned to dCS for repair.

Fuse Type: 20 x 5mm 0.5 amp T HRC fuse

If the fuse should fail, it is essential that it be replaced with one of the same type and rating. Failure to do so could result in damage to the unit, risk of fire or electric shock and will invalidate the guarantee.

Replacing a Blown Fuse x

Referring to

Figure 7

, remove the power cable, use a small flat bladed

screwdriver to pry up the tab on the fuse carrier (A) and pull it out. Push the blown fuse out of the clip in the carrier (B) and dispose of it. Fit a new fuse in the clip (C) and push the carrier back into the unit so that it clicks home. Spare fuses are provided with the unit.

B

A

C

IMPORTANT!

Figure 7 – Changing the Mains Fuse

Disconnect the power cable before changing the fuse.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Removing the Transit Screws

do this:

The transit screws clamp the mechanism to reduce the risk of shipping damage.

They must be removed before the unit is used.

Lift the unit out of the packaging and place it on a table top. Remove the rubber mat from the top of the unit. Identify the four transit screws from the drawing below – they are coloured red for easy identification.

do this:

IMPORTANT!

Figure 8 – View of the top of the unit showing the transit screws

Using the 3mm hex key, unscrew the red transit screws and put them in a safe place.

If you intend to transport the unit over large distances, replace the transit screws – they need to be secure BUT NOT OVER-TIGHT.

Fitting the Top Glass Plate

do this: do this: do this: do this: do this:

Lay the black rubber mat flat in the top of the unit so that the 4 screw holes are visible through the holes in the mat.

Remove the glass plate from its plastic bag. The plastic sheet attached to the underside of the glass is a safety feature and must not be removed.

Find the dCS logo on the top face of the glass. Fit the glass with the logo in the

front left corner of the unit as shown in

Figure 9

.

Carefully locate the right hand edge of the glass in the well in the top of the unit

(step 1 in

Figure 9

).

Lower the glass down on the left hand side until it can be safely dropped into

place (step 2 in

Figure 9

). Centralise the glass plate.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

dCS logo

2

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

1

Power

PWR

HYBD

TEXT

DISC

SACD

CD

ART

TRK

dCS Verdi

Super Audio CD Transport

CONT

PROG

RPT

RPT1

RAND

WCLK

A-B

1394

Menu

Select

Step

Figure 9 – Locating the Top Glass Plate

do this:

Fit a black top-hat washer onto each screw, fit the 4 screws through the holes in the glass (step 3 in

Figure 10

).

3

3

Power

PWR

HYBD

SACD

CD

TEXT

DISC

ART

TRK

dCS Verdi

Super Audio CD Transport

CONT

PROG

RAND

WCLK

RPT

RPT1

A-B

1394

Menu

Select Step

do this:

IMPORTANT!

Figure 10 – Securing the Top Glass Plate

Locate the top-hat washers into the holes and at first tighten up the screws

FINGER TIGHT ONLY. Use the 4mm hex key provided to tighten up the screws at most ONE QUARTER OF A TURN ONLY.

DO NOT OVER-TIGHTEN THE SCREWS – this can compress the rubber mat and spoil its’ sound dampening performance.

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Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Fitting or Replacing the Batteries in the Remote Control

For safety reasons, the Remote Control is supplied with the 3 batteries packed separately. Any replacement batteries must be type AAA, MN2400 or equivalent alkaline leak-proof batteries.

Opening the battery compartment and removing batteries do this:

Turn the Remote Control unit over and remove the 2 screws shown in

Figure

11

using the 1-point Pozidriv screwdriver supplied. Please do not use a Philips head screwdriver as this will damage the screw heads. Lift off the battery cover.

Figure 11 – Removing the Remote Control battery cover

do this:

To remove discharged batteries, press the + end back against the spring and pull that end out of the unit. A small key or screwdriver may be used if the battery is a tight fit. Dispose of the discharged batteries safely.

Fitting new batteries and closing the case do this:

To fit a new battery, press the - end (the flat end) against one of the spring contacts in the battery holder then press the battery into its slot. Battery polarity is indicated on the battery holder and on the diagram below. Always fit a complete set of 3 new batteries.

IMPORTANT!

do this:

Figure 12 – Changing the Remote Control unit batteries

Please ensure the batteries are fitted the right way around – failure to do so may damage the Remote Control and invalidate the warranty. Damage caused by leaking batteries is not covered by the warranty.

To re-assemble the case, fit the battery cover, ensuring the side with the recessed holes is outward. Replace the 2 screws, taking care not to overtighten them. The Remote Control is ready for use.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Updating your La Scala

dCS products make extensive use of software configurable chips – FPGAs and

DSPs. This gives us the ability to update our products to add extra features, update digital interface standards or make performance improvements by loading new software. Occasionally, a hardware update may be necessary also to increase the “capacity” of the electronics, add extra connectors or extra front panel controls.

Software Updates x

Please note that not all software updates make an earth-shattering change. You should have a clear idea of what you expect to gain before updating to the latest issue.

If the software loaded in your unit is (for example) version 3.45:

A change to version 3.46 indicates a minor update for internal dCS use – to make testing easier, or more thorough, or to cater for some minor hardware change. Do not update your unit.

A change to version 3.50 is a more serious update, offering extra functionality. If you want to use the extra features, update your unit. The manual will be updated for this (check the web-site).

A change to version 4.00 is a major update. It will require updated hardware and the manual will be updated

If you have older hardware, some of the features added by new software may not be available due to (for example) a missing connector. For recent hardware, this is mentioned in the “Upgrader’s notes” in this manual. If you need the missing feature, contact your dealer or dCS to arrange a hardware update.

If the software currently loaded includes a

CD Update

page, you can update the software yourself. Contact dCS for a CD and follow the instructions in the

CD Update

section on page

25

, or the instructions

supplied with the CD. The update program will check your hardware configuration and install the latest software compatible with it.

If you do not have the

CD Update

feature loaded or have difficulty with it, a

dCS distributor can download files from a PC into any unit fitted with a

SUC

connector. Contact your dealer for details.

For older units without a

SUC

connector, your distributor can install new firmware in your unit. Firmware updates are low-cost from dCS. Contact your dealer for details.

Hardware Updates x

You may wish to have your hardware updated from time to time to take advantage of new features in the latest software. dCS offer this service - we will retest, reset any adjustable items to current shipping standards, and install any modifications or updates that have occurred since your unit was first shipped.

The price will depend on the hardware changes necessary – please contact your dealer or dCS for details and pricing. In order to ensure speedy turn around, please contact us prior to returning the unit to get a Service Return number.

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Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Safety and Electrical Safety

There are no user serviceable parts inside La Scala and so there is no need to remove the covers. If for some reason you do:

IMPORTANT!

Disconnect the power cable before removing any covers or changing the fuse.

There are no substances hazardous to health inside La Scala.

Cleaning the Case

do this: do this:

Do not apply any of the following cleaning products to the case as they will damage or alter the finish:

Corrosive or abrasive agents

Spirit or alcohol based cleaners

Wax

To remove dust, wipe with a moist, soft cloth.

To remove deposits from the case, first disconnect the power cable then spray very lightly with a proprietary glass cleaner containing ammonia and wipe off gently with a soft cloth, taking care to avoid scratches. Do not spray the cleaner onto the connectors or the rear panel.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

T

ROUBLESHOOTING

Fault Indication

La Scala detects the following fault conditions:

Power interruption

If the AC supply is momentarily interrupted or is more than 20% below it’s rated voltage, the unit displays

PowerDn

and mutes the audio outputs to protect your loudspeakers from damage. This may be caused by loose AC power wiring, local power-line overloads or heavy-duty appliances like air conditioners. If this message appears frequently (other than when switching the unit off), please consult your dealer.

Power up test errors

If La Scala detects a fault during its power up test routine, it will remain muted and display one of these messages:

DSPs Not Loaded (#01)

FPGAs Not loaded (#02)

Bad Checksum. Press any key to attempt recovery (#03)

DSP-Err1 (#04)

This can be caused by power line transients occurring during system configuration. For

Bad Checksum

, press any button to try to clear the fault.

Otherwise, try switching off, waiting 20 seconds, then switching on again. If the fault persists, please consult your dealer.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Troubleshooting Guide

If you experience difficulties when using your La Scala, the following suggestions may help resolve the problem.

The unit fails to power up

Ensure there is power available on the mains cable. Connect the power cable, ensure it is pushed all the way in and press the

Power

button. If there is a Power switch on the back panel, ensure this is set to the On (I) position.

Check the rated supply voltage shown on the rear of the unit matches the local supply voltage.

Check that the fuse has not blown - if so, correct any obvious cause then

replace the fuse as described on page

52

.

The DAC/DDC suddenly mutes, La Scala repeats its’ power-up sequence

This may be caused by short drop-outs or brown-outs on the AC supply.

When the disturbance has passed, normal operation should be restored.

Check for loose mains wiring.

The DAC/DDC fails to lock to La Scala or displays “

No Input

Ensure the correct DAC/DDC input is selected.

Check that the digital audio cable is of the correct type, correctly connected and not damaged. Damaged cables are a VERY common cause of

• malfunctions!

Check

If you are using a Master Clock, check it is set to 44.1kHz and try disconnecting the Wordclock cable. If the DAC/DDC locks, check the

Wordclock connections.

When using the

1394

interface, you must also connect a 44.1kHz

Wordclock feed to the DAC (or from the DAC if the DAC is in Master mode).

If using the

SDIF-2

interface, ensure all 3 cables are connected correctly.

If using a BNC SPDIF interface, ensure it is connected to the

BNC

output, not the

SDIF

interface.

The DAC/DDC locks but no signal is received

Verdi only: When playing an ordinary CD or the CD layer of a hybrid disc,

Verdi generates digital silence from the

1394

interface and signal on all other interfaces.

If playing an SACD, open the Menu and check the

Transmit

page is set to

Active

. Ensure the DAC is selected to the Verdi or La Scala channel.

Playing a CD, the DAC output is monophonic

The source disk / tape may actually be monophonic.

Channel Check, Phase Check and Burn-In do not work

Verdi only: Check that the unit is set to

CD

mode and the DAC is NOT set to

1394 mode. These features are disabled in

SACD

mode.

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Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

The Remote Control fails to control the unit

The Remote Control is normally shipped with the batteries packed separately for safety reasons. If you are using the Remote Control for the first time, you must fit the batteries first - see page

55

.

If the Remote Control has not been used for a long time or has gradually lost range, the batteries should be replaced - see page

55

.

If you have just replaced the batteries but the unit still does not work, check

that the batteries are fitted the right way around - see page

55

. If two or

more batteries were fitted the wrong way around, the Remote Control may be permanently damaged. If this occurs, contact your dealer for advice.

For correct operation, there must be a clear line of sight between the infrared transmitter at the end of the Remote Control and the remote control sensor in the main unit, located on the left hand side of the display. If the line of sight is blocked (for example by a coffee table) the Remote Control may operate erratically or not at all.

Menu Timeout does not work

Someone has turned the menu timeout off, using remote software running on a PC. Open the Menu and run the

Factory

routine to reset everything to ex-factory settings.

The Display turns on briefly when a control is operated, then turns off

This happens when the display brightness is set to

Bright 0.

Open the Menu and change

Bright

to a different setting.

CD-R does not play correctly

Verdi and La Scala are CD-R compatible but some brands of disks are more reliable than others due to differences in design. dCS recommend Traxdata

TXS-1680 disks – we have used these without difficulty for some years.

The CD-R must be formatted as a music CD, rather than a data CD.

You can burn and update an incomplete music CD on a CD Re-Writer, but the disk must be finalised before it can be played on an audio CD transport.

Finalising creates a Table Of Contents (TOC) at the start of the disk. If the

TOC is missing, the transport will keep trying to find it for about 2 minutes, displaying

Read TOC

. During this time, you will not be able to stop or eject the disk. Wait until the unit displays

TOC Erro

, then open the tray and remove the disk.

A disc is trapped in the unit

If the unit has problems reading the disc and the tray does not open after 2 minutes, power down the unit (completely off, not just standby), hold down the

Stop / Eject

button then switch on. If the front panel is frozen, pull out the power cord for 10 seconds, hold down the

Stop / Eject

button, then replace the cable. When the unit has booted up, the tray should open and you can release the button.

In normal use, wait for the transport to finish displaying

Read TOC

before trying to eject the disc.

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Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

Troubleshooting the IEEE 1394 Interface

This section covers difficulties that may be encountered using a dCS Verdi

SACD Transport (v1.20 or later), a dCS Verdi La Scala Upsampling SACD

Transport or a dCS Purcell Upsampler to drive a dCS Elgar Plus DAC (v4.20 or later) or Delius DAC (v2.20 or later) with DSD data over an IEEE 1394 interface.

Upsampler or Transport displays “ Inactive ”

This can happen momentarily during locking. If it does not change to

Active

, open the Transport or Upsampler’s menu and ensure the

Transmit page is set to

Active

.

The Unit keeps displaying “No Comms”

This will appear briefly while the 1394 system is checking for connections.

If

No Comms

message does not clear, ensure that all units in the 1394 chain are switched on and securely connected by 1394 cables.

The Unit keeps displaying “Search..”

This will appear briefly after the 1394 system has established

• communications.

If message does not clear, ensure that you have not connected both 1394 connectors from one unit to both 1394 connectors on another unit or set up a loop. This prevents the 1394 bus settling.

Check that the 1394 cables are correctly fitted.

The DAC displays “Verdi Wordclock Missing”

With the DAC in slave mode, check there is an undamaged BNC cable connecting Verdi’s

WClk Out

to the DAC’s

WClk In

.

Ensure the cable is D.C. coupled. A.C. coupled cables are not suitable for use with Wordclock or SDIF.

The DAC displays “Missing Wordclock between Clk Out & Verdi Clk In”

With the DAC in master mode, check there is an undamaged BNC cable connecting the DAC’s

WClk Out

to Verdi’s

WClk In

.

Ensure the cable is D.C. coupled. A.C. coupled cables are not suitable for use with Wordclock or SDIF.

The DAC displays “Please check source slaved to DAC Wordclock Out”

With the DAC in master mode, check there is an undamaged BNC cable connecting the DAC’s

WClk Out

to the source’s

WClk In

.

Ensure the cable is D.C. coupled. A.C. coupled cables are not suitable for use with Wordclock or SDIF.

The DAC displays “Wrong Wordclock @ Verdi Clk In”

Verdi / La Scala has detected a clock frequency other than 44.1kHz on it’s

WClk In

connector. Ensure the clock source is set to 44.1kHz.

With the DAC in master mode, check there is an undamaged BNC cable connecting Verdi / La Scala’s

WClk Out

to the DAC’s

WClk In

.

Ensure the cable is D.C. coupled. A.C. coupled cables are not suitable for use with Wordclock or SDIF.

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dCS Verdi La Scala User Manual

dCS Ltd

Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

September 2004

The DAC remains muted

If the DAC is displaying the

Volume

setting, change the

Disp

menu page setting to

Disp:Fs

and check for error messages.

If all else is in order, switch off the Transport, the Upsampler and the DAC then switch them on again. If this situation keeps recurring, please consult your dealer.

The DAC takes a long time to unmute

The interface can take around 30 seconds to settle and unmute.

Try setting the DAC to

1394

mode before setting the Upsampler to

DSD mode.

If your system is in standby mode or switched off, try turning the DAC on before the Upsampler or Transport.

If this information does not resolve the problem, please contact your dealer for advice.

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dCS La Scala User Manual Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

dCS Ltd September 2004

I

F

Y

OU

N

EED

M

ORE

H

ELP

In the first instance, you should contact your dealer. If they cannot resolve the issue, contact dCS. Our office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Monday to

Friday, UK time (GMT in Winter or GMT + 1hr in Summer). Contact us by phone or fax on:

Telephone

Fax

Inside the UK

01799 531 999

01799 531 681

Table 9 – dCS Contact Information

You can write to us at:

dCS Ltd

Mull House

Great Chesterford Court

Great Chesterford

Saffron Walden CB10 1PF

UK

Outside the UK

+44 1799 531 999

+44 1799 531 681

Our email address: [email protected]

Our web-site is: www.dcsltd.co.uk

The web-site is regularly updated. You will find full details of all dCS products here, plus the latest dCS news.

Other Information

dCS

produce technical notes from time to time, on issues related to ADCs,

DACs and DDCs. If you are interested in these, please check our web-site.

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dCS La Scala User Manual Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

dCS Ltd September 2004

I

NDEXES AND

S

OFTWARE

V

ERSION

N

UMBERS

Software History

This manual is for Verdi La Scala software version 1.0x.

Definitions and Abbreviations

ADC

AES3

DAC dB dB0 dBu

DDC

DSD kS/s

SDIF-2

SPDIF

Word Clock

Analogue to Digital Converter, sometimes referred to as an A/D Converter.

A standard professional stereo digital audio format consisting of one serial PCM data line. It uses a balanced cable to extend transmission distance and includes a comprehensive messaging system.

Digital to Analogue Converter, sometimes referred to as a D/A Converter.

A relative signal level or ratio in decibels. The context may indicate the reference level.

Level in decibels, referred to a full scale sine wave in a sampled system. So, 0dB0 is full scale.

A signal level relative to 0.775V rms, making no allowance for external loading.

Digital to Digital Converter, sometimes referred to as a D/D Converter.

Direct Stream Digital - a single bit digital audio format, sampled at 2.822MS/s.

Sample rate in kilo-samples per second. This replaces kHz, which is technically incorrect when referring to sample rates.

Sony Digital InterFace – a stereo digital audio format consisting of 2 serial PCM or DSD data lines. Usually used with a Word Clock.

Sony / Philips Digital InterFace – a stereo digital audio format for consumer equipment, consisting of one serial PCM data line. Similar to AES3, but unbalanced and with different messaging.

A synchronisation signal consisting of a squarewave, the frequency of which is the sample rate.

Usually transmitted through co-axial cable and

BNC connectors.

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dCS La Scala User Manual Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

dCS Ltd September 2004

Key to Cable Identification

If you are reading a colour print or a soft copy of this manual, cable types shown

in figures can be identified from

Table 10

.

Cable Type

XLR Analogue

RCA Phono Analogue

Colour / Style

Brown, solid

Brown, long dash

XLR Digital (AES3)

BNC Digital

RCA Phono Digital (SPDIF)

Optical (SPDIF)

IEEE 1394

Blue, solid

Pale blue, solid

Pale blue, short dash

Dark magenta, solid

Red, solid

Sync Link

Wordclock

AES Reference

GPS Reference

Green, solid

Dark green, solid

Dark green, long dash

Dark green, short dash

RS-232 Purple, solid

Table 10 – Cable colours and styles

Where more than one cable of any type is used in a drawing, they can be identified by a coloured sleeve at the source and a coloured arrow head at the destination.

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dCS Ltd September 2004

List of Tables

Table 1 – IEEE 1394 Interface Electrical Characteristics.................................. 38

Table 2 – AES/EBU Interface Electrical Characteristics ................................... 38

Table 3 – SPDIF Interface Electrical Characteristics ........................................ 38

Table 4 – Optical Interfaces Electrical Characteristics ...................................... 38

Table 5 – SDIF / Wordclock Interface Electrical Characteristics....................... 39

Table 6 – Power consumption for consumer products ...................................... 40

Table 7 – Size and weight for consumer products ............................................ 40

Table 8 – Options available ............................................................................... 50

Table 9 – dCS Contact Information .................................................................... 63

Table 10 – Cable colours and styles ................................................................. 65

List of Figures

Figure 1 – Connecting La Scala to Elgar Plus .................................................... 11

Figure 2 – Using a DAC in Master mode........................................................... 16

Figure 3 – Menu flow chart ................................................................................ 18

Figure 4 – dCS La Scala Front Panel.................................................................. 28

Figure 5 – dCS La Scala Rear Panel .................................................................. 31

Figure 6 – Transport Remote Control................................................................ 34

Figure 7 – Changing the Mains Fuse ................................................................ 52

Figure 8 – View of the top of the unit showing the transit screws ..................... 53

Figure 9 – Locating the Top Glass Plate ........................................................... 54

Figure 10 – Securing the Top Glass Plate ........................................................ 54

Figure 11 – Removing the Remote Control battery cover ................................. 55

Figure 12 – Changing the Remote Control unit batteries .................................. 55

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dCS La Scala User Manual Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

dCS Ltd September 2004

Keywords and Phrases

0

0-9 buttons, remote .......................................36

1

1394 ID menu ................................................20

1394 indicator ..........................................30, 32

1394 interface ..........................................32, 42

1394 interface, disabling................................20

1394 interface, synchronising........................42

1394 interface, troubleshooting .....................61

1394 output, connecting ................................11

1394 source identification..............................20

1394, cannot lock to ......................................59

A

A-B button, remote ........................................35

A-B indicator ..................................................30

Active message .............................................61

ADC ...............................................................64

AES output.....................................................31

AES output, connecting .................................12

AES3..............................................................64

applications....................................................16

ART indicator .................................................29

automatic input selection ...............................42

automatic source selection ............................24

B

Bad CD! message .........................................26

Bad Checksum message.........................26, 58 basic operation ..............................................13

batteries for remote control............................55

batteries, polarity ...........................................55

biography, Giuseppe Verdi ..............................4

blank display............................................21, 60 blue LED, remote...........................................34

BNC output ....................................................31

BNC, cannot lock to.......................................59

Bright x menu ................................................21

Burn In menu .................................................22

burn-in fails ....................................................59

burn-in routine................................................22

button, Fast Forward .....................................30

button, Fast Reverse .....................................30

button, Menu............................................19, 30 button, Menu Select.................................19, 30 button, Menu Step ...................................19, 30 button, Menu Step Back ..........................19, 30 button, Next Track .........................................30

button, Play / Pause ......................................29

button, Power.................................................28

button, Previous Track...................................30

button, Stop / Eject ........................................29

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C

cable identification ........................................ 65 cables.......................................... 10, 31, 32, 59 cannot lock to 1394....................................... 59 cannot lock to BNC ....................................... 59 cannot lock to SDIF-2 ................................... 59 cannot record from SPDIF output ................. 31

Caution message .......................................... 23

CD indicator .................................................. 29

CD tray .......................................................... 30

CD Update is interrupted .............................. 26

CD Update menu .......................................... 25

CD, upsampling .............................................. 3

CD-R not finalised......................................... 60

CD-R problems ............................................. 60

Ch.Check menu ............................................ 21 changing options........................................... 50 channel check fails........................................ 59 channel check routine ................................... 21 cleaning the case .......................................... 57

Clear button, remote ..................................... 35 clock accuracy .............................................. 39 clock cleaning ............................................... 39 clocking ......................................................... 39 closing the Menu........................................... 19 connecting the outputs.................................. 11 connector, Power Link .................................. 32

CONT indicator ............................................. 30 contact information.................................. 23, 63

Contact menu................................................ 23 contents of box.............................................. 48 crystal oscillator ............................................ 39

D

DAC............................................................... 64

DAC mutes.................................................... 59

DAC remains muted, 1394 input................... 62

DAC takes time to unmute, 1394 input ......... 62 dB.................................................................. 64 dBu................................................................ 64

DDC .............................................................. 64 definitions ...................................................... 64 digital interface specifications ....................... 38

DISC indicator............................................... 29 display blanking ............................................ 21 display brightness ......................................... 21

Display button, remote .................................. 36

Display Mode indicator.................................. 29 display test routine ........................................ 23 display, main ................................................. 29 do not swap SDIF-2 cables........................... 32 down-sampling.................................. 31, 32, 39

DSD............................................. 32, 39, 42, 64

DSD output, connecting ................................ 11

DSP-Err1 message ....................................... 58 email: [email protected]

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dCS La Scala User Manual Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

dCS Ltd September 2004

DSPs Not Loaded message ..........................58

E

earthing..........................................................48

Easy Play menu.............................................24

extended warranty certificate.........................48

F

factory default settings...................................27

Factory menu.................................................27

Fast Forward button ......................................30

Fast Reverse button ......................................30

fault indication................................................58

FavLayer menu..............................................24

FavLayer setting, overriding ..........................24

favourite layer on hybrid disc.........................24

Filter buttons, remote.....................................36

first-time use ..................................................48

fitting the glass plate......................................53

Found Track message...................................26

FPGAs Not Loaded message........................58

front panel......................................................28

full scale.........................................................64

fuse, mains ....................................................52

fuse, replacing ...............................................52

fuse, spare .....................................................48

G

Giuseppe Verdi, biography ..............................4

glass plate, fitting ...........................................53

grounding.......................................................48

guide to basic setup.......................................10

H

hardware updates ..........................................56

HYBD indicator ..............................................29

hybrid disc, favourite layer............................24

hybrid disc, select layer .................................20

I

IEEE 1394 interface.................................32, 42

Inactive message...........................................61

indicator, 1394 .........................................30, 32 indicator, A-B .................................................30

indicator, ART ................................................29

indicator, CD ..................................................29

indicator, CONT .............................................30

indicator, DISC...............................................29

indicator, Display Mode .................................29

indicator, HYBD .............................................29

indicator, PROG ............................................30

indicator, PWR...............................................29

indicator, RAND .............................................30

indicator, REPT .............................................30

indicator, RPT1 ..............................................30

indicator, SACD .............................................29

indicator, status .............................................29

indicator, TEXT ..............................................29

indicator, TRK ................................................29

indicator, WCLK ...................................... 30, 32

Input buttons, remote .................................... 36 input selection, automatic ............................. 42 input, Wordclock ........................................... 32

Issue menu ................................................... 23 issue, software .............................................. 23

J

jitter ............................................................... 32 jitter, low frequency ....................................... 39

K

Keypad button, remote.................................. 36

L

learning remotes ........................................... 44 lock-in time.................................................... 39 locking problems ........................................... 59

Loud message .............................................. 23

M

main display ............................................ 21, 29 maintenance ................................................. 52 master clock.................................................. 32 master clock, locking problems..................... 59 master mode, DAC, using............................. 16

Menu ............................................................. 19

Menu button ............................................ 19, 30

Menu Select button ....................................... 19

Menu Step Back button........................... 19, 30

Menu Step button.................................... 19, 30 menu time out ......................................... 19, 21 menu times out too soon............................... 21

Menu, closing ................................................ 19 menu, Easy Play ........................................... 24

Menu, opening .............................................. 19 menu, SACD/CD........................................... 20

Menu, using .................................................. 19 message, Active............................................ 61 message, Inactive ......................................... 61 message, Missing Wordclock between Clk Out

… ............................................................... 61 message, No Comms ................................... 61 message, Please check source slaved to DAC

Wordclock Out........................................... 61 message, Search .......................................... 61 message, TOC Erro ...................................... 60 message, Verdi Wordclock Missing.............. 61 message, Wrong Wordclock @ Verdi Clk In 61

Missing Wordclock between Clk Out … message from DAC ................................... 61 mode control buttons, remote ....................... 35 mode, standby .............................................. 28 music by Verdi ................................................ 5

Mute button, remote...................................... 36

N

Next Track button.......................................... 30

No Comms message .................................... 61

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dCS La Scala User Manual Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

dCS Ltd September 2004 no output........................................................59

No Track message ........................................26

Non Seq message .........................................26

O

opening the Menu ..........................................19

operating conditions ......................................40

optical output .................................................32

option, mains supply voltage .........................50

options ...........................................................50

options, changing ..........................................50

output, AES....................................................31

output, BNC ...................................................31

output, optical ................................................32

output, RCA ...................................................31

output, SDIF-2 ...............................................32

output, Toslink optical....................................32

output, Wordclock..........................................32

outputs, connecting to ...................................11

outputs, SPDIF ........................................31, 32 overriding FavLayer setting ...........................24

P

packaging ......................................................52

packaging, replacement ................................48

Ph.Check menu .............................................22

phase check fails ...........................................59

phase check routine ......................................22

phase locked loop..........................................39

Play / Pause button .......................................29

Play Mode button, remote .............................35

playing a disc .................................................13

playing tracks in random order ......................14

Please check source slaved to DAC Wordclock

Out message from DAC.............................61

Please Start CD message .............................26

positioning the unit.........................................49

Power button..................................................28

power inlet .....................................................33

power interruption ..........................................58

Power Link connector ....................................32

power off ........................................................28

power on ........................................................28

power requirements.......................................40

power switch ..................................................33

power up failure .............................................59

PowerDn message ..................................28, 58 powering up ...................................................10

Previous Track button....................................30

problems playing a CD-R ..............................60

PROG indicator .............................................30

PROG mode ..................................................14

Program button, remote.................................35

programming a track sequence ...............14, 35 pull-in range ...................................................39

PWR indicator................................................29

R

RAND indicator ..............................................30

RAND mode .................................................. 14

RC5 codes .................................................... 44

RCA output ................................................... 31 rear panel ...................................................... 31 recommended recordings by Verdi................. 5 remote control ................................... 34, 55, 60 remote control codes .................................... 44 remote control sensor ............................. 29, 60 remote control, batteries ............................... 60 remote control, replacing batteries ............... 55 remote control, using .................................... 34 remote, 0-9 buttons....................................... 36 remote, A-B button........................................ 35 remote, blue LED .......................................... 34 remote, Clear button ..................................... 35 remote, Display button .................................. 36 remote, Filter buttons .................................... 36 remote, Input buttons .................................... 36 remote, Keypad button.................................. 36 remote, mode control buttons ....................... 35 remote, Mute button...................................... 36 remote, Play Mode button............................. 35 remote, Program button ................................ 35 remote, Repeat button .................................. 35 remote, SACD/CD button.............................. 35 remote, Standby button................................. 35 remote, transport controls ............................. 35 remote, Up/Down buttons ............................. 36 remote, Vol/Bal button .................................. 36 remote, white LED ........................................ 36 removing the transit screws .......................... 53

Repeat button, remote .................................. 35 repeat mode, cancelling................................ 15 repeating a disc............................................. 15 repeating one track ....................................... 15 repeating part of a track ................................ 15

REPT indicator.............................................. 30

REPT mode .................................................. 15 resetting to factory state................................ 27

Rotary control................................................ 30

RPT1 indicator .............................................. 30

S

SACD .............................................................. 3

SACD indicator ............................................. 29

SACD/CD button, remote.............................. 35

SACD/CD menu............................................ 20 safety............................................................. 48 safety, electrical ............................................ 57 sample clock ................................................. 39 sample rate ............................. 9, 31, 32, 39, 64 sample rate, output ....................................... 31

SDIF-2........................................................... 64

SDIF-2 cables, do not swap.......................... 32

SDIF-2 output................................................ 32

SDIF-2 output, connecting ............................ 12

SDIF-2, cannot lock to .................................. 59

Search message ........................................... 61

Select button ........................................... 19, 30

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dCS La Scala User Manual Manual for Software Issue 1.0x

dCS Ltd September 2004 select layer, hybrid disc .................................20

Serial menu....................................................23

serial number, full ..........................................23

serial number, short.......................................33

service ...........................................................52

session time out.............................................24

SessTime menu.............................................24

setting a repeat sequence .............................15

setting, supply voltage ...................................49

settings after Factory reset ............................27

Shuffle mode .................................................14

size ................................................................40

software issue................................................23

software update by CD ..................................25

software updates ...........................................56

software upgrade connector ..........................33

software version ............................................64

source name, 1394 ........................................20

source selection, automatic ...........................24

SPDIF ............................................................64

SPDIF output ...........................................31, 32

SPDIF output, cannot record from.................31

SPDIF output, connecting..............................12

specification ...................................................38

specification, AES3 output.............................38

specification, IEEE 1394 interface.................38

specification, mechanism ..............................38

specification, optical output ...........................38

specification, SDIF-2 output ..........................39

specification, SPDIF outputs .........................38

specification, Wordclock I/O ..........................39

Standby button, remote .................................35

standby mode ................................................28

status indicator ..............................................29

Step button ....................................................19

step-by-step guide .........................................10

Stop / Eject button .........................................29

SUC connector ..............................................33

supply voltage option.....................................50

supply voltage setting ..............................33, 49 swap channels ...............................................21

switch, power .................................................33

synchronising 1394 interface.........................42

system burn-in ...............................................22

T

technical notes...............................................63

Temp menu ...................................................23

temperature scale ..........................................23

temperature, internal .....................................23

temperature, operating ..................................40

Test menu ..................................................... 23

TEXT indicator .............................................. 29 time-out ......................................................... 60 time-out fails.................................................. 60

Timeout menu ............................................... 21

TOC Erro message ....................................... 60

Toslink optical output .................................... 32

Track n message .......................................... 26 track sequence, programming ...................... 14 transit screws, removing ............................... 53

Transmit menu .............................................. 20 transport controls, remote ............................. 35

TRK indicator ................................................ 29 troubleshooting ....................................... 58, 59 troubleshooting 1394 interface ..................... 61

U

unfinalised CD-R........................................... 60

Up/Down buttons, remote ............................. 36 updates ................................................... 33, 56 updates, hardware ........................................ 56 updates, software.......................................... 56 updating software by CD............................... 25 updating your La Scala ................................. 56 upsampling.................................................... 39 using DAC master mode............................... 16 using for the first time.................................... 48 using the remote control ............................... 34

V

VCXO ............................................................ 39

Verdi Wordclock Missing message from DAC

................................................................... 61

Verdi, biography.............................................. 4

Verdi, music by ............................................... 5

Vol/Bal button, remote .................................. 36

Vx.xx message.............................................. 26

W

WCLK indicator ....................................... 30, 32 weight............................................................ 40 white LED, remote ........................................ 36

Word Clock ................................................... 64

Wordclock input ............................................ 32

Wordclock output .......................................... 32 wordclock, synchronising to .......................... 39

Wrong CD message...................................... 26

Wrong Wordclock @ Verdi Clk In message from DAC................................................... 61

Wrong! message........................................... 26

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