Operation Manual - SPX Corporation
O P ERATION MANUAL
RD1000™+
P o r ta b l e G r o u n d P e n e t r at i n g R a da r Sys t e m
9 0 / RD 1 K + - O P MAN - EN G / 0 1
I S S UE 1
04/2014
R e a d a n d u n d e r s ta n d t h i s m a n ua l p r i o r to o p e r at i n g t h E s y s t e m
Preface
Before you begin
Thank you for your interest in Radiodetection’s
RD1000™+ ground penetrating radar system.
Please read this operation manual before attempting
to use the RD1000+ system.
Radiodetection products, including this manual,
are under continuous development. The information
contained within is accurate at time of publication;
however the RD1000+, this manual and all its
contents are subject to change.
Radiodetection Limited reserves the right to modify
the product without notice and some product
changes may have taken place after this user manual
was published.
Contact your local Radiodetection dealer or visit
www.radiodetection.com for the latest information
about the RD1000+, including this manual and other
product literature.
Important notices
General
This instrument, or family of instruments, will not be
permanently damaged by reasonable electrostatic
discharge and has been tested in accordance with
IEC 801-2. However, in extreme cases temporary
malfunction may occur. If this happens, switch off,
wait and switch on again. If the instrument still
malfunctions, disconnect the batteries for a few
seconds.
Safety
This equipment should be used by fully qualified and
trained personnel only.
This equipment is NOT approved for use in areas
where hazardous gases may be present.
Training
Radiodetection provides training services for most
Radiodetection products. Our qualified instructors
will train equipment operators or other personnel
at your preferred location or at Radiodetection
headquarters.
For more information go to www.radiodetection.com
or contact your local Radiodetection representative.
To see the full range of products and services provided by Radiodetection visit: www.radiodetection.com
© 2014 Radiodetection Ltd. All rights reserved. Radiodetection is a subsidiary of SPX Corporation. SPX, the green “>” and “X” are trademarks of SPX
Corporation, Inc. Radiodetection and RD1000 are either trademarks of Radiodetection in the United States and/or other countries. Due to a policy of
continued development, we reserve the right to alter or amend any published specification without notice. This document may not be copied, reproduced,
transmitted, modified or used, in whole or in part, without the prior written consent of Radiodetection Ltd.
2 RD1000+ Operation Manual
Table of contents
Preface2
3.7 Screen icons
15
Before you begin
2
3.7.1 Systems settings menu
15
Important notices
2
3.7.2 Locating screen menu
16
3.7.4 Date and time menus
16
General2
Safety2
Training2
Section 4 Surveying Techniques
17
4.1 Cross and mark
17
Section 1 Introduction
4
4.2 Limitations
17
1.1 About this manual
4
1.2 About the RD1000+
4
Section 5 Troubleshooting
18
5.1 Power
18
Section 2 System Assembly
5
5.2 System Communications
18
Section 3 Getting Started
7
5.3 System Overheating
18
3.1 Using the Display Unit
7
5.4 Display Unit Problem
19
3.2 System Settings Screen
7
5.5 Test Line
19
5.6 Contacting the Vendor for Service
19
3.2.1 Scan
7
3.2.2 Language
7
Section 6 Care and Maintenance
20
3.2.4 Scale
8
6.1 Battery Care
20
3.2.5 Date
8
6.2 Cable Care
20
3.2.6 Time
8
6.3 Skid Pad
20
3.2.7 Odometer Calibration
8
3.2.8 Power Off
8
6.4 Odometer Calibration
21
3.2.9 System Information
8
6.5 Wheels
21
3.3 Scanning Screen
9
Appendix A
22
3.4 Locating screen
9
GPR Emissions, Interference and 22
3.4.1 Locating Cursor
9
Regulations22
3.4.2 Soil Type
10
FCC Regulations
3.4.3 Identifying Air Wave Reflections
12
Part 15 – User Information
22
12
Operating Restrictions
22
3.5 Image Settings Screen
3.5.1 Scan
12
3.5.2 Clear Image
12
3.5.3 Color
13
3.5.4 Gain
13
3.5.5 Filter
14
3.5.6 Depth
14
3.5.7 Quit
14
3.6 Changing the Date and Time
15
22
FCC Interpretation of Operation Restrictions
issued July 12, 2002
22
FCC Permitted Mode of Usage
23
GPR Use Coordination
23
ETSI Regulations for the EC (European Community) 24
Industry Canada Regulations – English
24
Règlement d’Industrie Canada – Français 24
Statement of warranty terms and
conditions for Radiodetection products 26
RD1000+ Operation Manual 3
Section 1 Introduction
1.1 About this manual
This manual provides cable and pipe locators with
basic operating instructions for the RD1000™+
ground penetrating radar system. Before operating
the RD1000+ system it is very important
that you read this manual, noting all safety
warnings and procedures.
Following is an overview of the RD1000+ System
and a brief introduction to RD1000+ and ground
penetrating radar technology.
In the rest of this manual you will find assembly
instructions (Section 2), a getting started guide
(Section 3) and an introductory guide to cable and
pipe surveying techniques (Section 4). Also included
is a troubleshooting guide in Section 5.
1.2 About the RD1000+
The RD1000+ is a ground penetrating radar system
that allows the user to see many underground
features. Unlike a traditional locator, the RD1000+
uses radar technology (specifically in the UHF/
VHF frequencies) and produces a visual map with
characteristic cone-shaped images. The main
advantage of this technology is that the RD1000+
can see non-conductive materials including plastic
pipes.
The integrated digital signal processor (DSP)
analyzes the resulting image map to give the operator
information on depth. The unique ability to see a
pipe or cable in its topographical context makes the
RD1000+ ideal for locating and excavating utilities.
Please note that many factors can
affect the accuracy of the RD1000+,
including, without limitation, soil
and other environmental conditions,
electronic and radio signal
interference, surface depth of pipe
or cable to be located and operator
error. As such, Radiodetection
assumes no liability for the overall
accuracy of the RD1000+ and/or any
maps prepared using the RD1000+.
4 RD1000+ Operation Manual
Section 2 System Assembly
1. Open the main box; remove the Accessory Box,
Cart Base, and Sensor Box. Open each box and
lay out all the components.
23kg
Heavy object:
Additional care must be taken when lifting.
(51lb)
3. Attach the Sensor to the Cart using the Sensor
Support Straps. Ensure the Sensor is oriented
the correct way with the connections toward
the back of the Cart. Using the Sensor Support
Straps, adjust the height of the Sensor so it’s
1-2 cm (½ – ¾ inch) above the ground.
Figure 2.3: sensor box installed
Figure 2.1: system components
2. Attach the Cart Handle to Cart Base using the
Handle Pins. Ensure the Display Unit Mount is
facing upwards.
Figure 2.2: cart assembled
4. Attach the Display Unit to the Display Unit
Mount on the Cart. Depress the flexible clip
and slide the Display Unit back far enough so
the clip catches and secures it firmly in place.
Adjust the angle of the Display Unit by loosening
the hand-screws underneath the Display Unit
Mount, rotating the Display Unit to the desired
angle and tightening the hand-screws. This
ensures the Display Unit does not rotate and
damage the Display Cable.
Figure 2.4: display unit installed
RD1000+ Operation Manual 5
5. Attach the Display Cable to the back of the
Display Unit with the jackscrews. Connect the
other end of the cable to the Sensor. Ensure the
cable is routed correctly; above the lower cross
arm on the Cart Handle and under the Battery
tray.
Figure 2.5: installing the battery cable
6. Attach the Odometer cable to the Sensor.
It connects to the closest receptacle on the
Sensor.
Figure 2.6: installing the odometer cable
6 RD1000+ Operation Manual
7. Attach the Battery Cable to the Sensor and
the Battery. The upper red light on the Display
Unit will illuminate indicating that there is power
available for the system.
Figure 2.7: powering the sensor box
The system is now ready to use. Please be sure to
read the remainder of this Operation Manual before
using the system.
Section 3 Getting Started
3.1 Using the Display Unit
The Display Unit has 8 buttons numbered 1 to 8,
larger Pause and Camera buttons as well as buttons
to increase and decrease the screen Contrast and
Brightness.
Turn on the system by pressing any button on front
of the Display Unit. Both red lights will illuminate and
after few seconds, the splash screen and menu will
appear.
The menu option on the screen above the button
indicates its function.
To operate the system:
3. Stop and back up to see the Locating Screen
(see Section 3.4) to mark the exact position of a
target on the ground and to access the menu to
estimate its depth.
4. When you push the cart forward again and
reach the point where you originally stopped and
backed up, the system will automatically start
scanning again. Or press Clear Screen to start
fresh.
5. At any time press the Pause button to change
Depth, Color, Gain etc. using the Image Settings
Screen (see Section 3.5) then press Scan (or
Pause again) to continue.
6. If the Display Unit has Compact Flash disk,
pressing the Camera button saves the current
screen image to the Compact Flash. Later,
transfer images to a PC for re-plotting and
printing.
3.2 System Settings Screen
Figure 3.1: display unit
1. The first screen displayed when the system is
powered on is the System Settings Screen. It
has options to start scanning or change settings
such as language, measurement units, date and
time (see Section 3.2).
2. To start scanning, press Scan to display the
Scanning Screen. When the scale appears on
the right side of the screen, push the cart. The
data image scrolls across the screen from the
right (see Section 3.3).
Figure 3.2: system settings screen
3.2.1 Scan
Press the Scan button to start scanning
(see Section 3.3).
3.2.2 Language
Select the language for the menus. Pressing the
button will cycle through the available language
options. One option is Icons, see Section 3.7.
RD1000+ Operation Manual 7
3.2.3 Units
3. Both means
both Depth
Lines and
Values are
plotted on
the data
image:
Units for the
Position Axis,
Depth Axis and
Depth Indicator
can be either
Meters or Feet.
Figure 3.6: text and line depth markers
4. Off means no Depth Lines and Values are
plotted on the data image.
3.2.5 Date
Figure 3.3: units
Opens the Date Screen to change the current date
(see Section 3.5). Images are saved with this date.
3.2.6 Time
3.2.4 Scale
The Scale button toggles to four different Scale
options:
1. Lines means Depth Lines are plotted on the
data image to assist with determining the depth
of targets
(also see
Section 3.3).
Opens the Time Screen to change the current date
(see Section 3.5). Images are saved with this time.
3.2.7 Odometer Calibration
Opens a sub-menu to recalibrate the odometer e.g.
when changing wheel size. (See Section 6.4).
3.2.8 Power Off
Opens a sub-menu to confirm powering off the
system. There is also an option to restore the system
to factory default settings.
3.2.9 System Information
Figure 3.4: depth lines
2. Text means
Depth Values
are plotted
in the center
of the data
image every
8 metres
(26 feet):
Figure 3.5: text depth markers
8 RD1000+ Operation Manual
The top of the Systems Setting Screen displays
the serial number of the GPR sensor, the software
version number, the GPR Sensor frequency (in MHz)
and the current battery voltage.
3.3 Scanning Screen
After pressing the Scan button, wait a few seconds
for the vertical depth scale to appear on the right
side of the screen, and then push the Cart forward.
A cross-sectional image of the ground scrolls onto the
screen from the right to left. The position is displayed
on the horizontal axis at the top while the depth is
displayed on the vertical axis. The position and depth
axes units are meters or feet depending on the units
set in the Systems Setting Screen (Section 3.2).
Pressing the Pause button opens the Image Settings
Screen to change the current Color Palette, Depth,
Filter and Gain (see Section 3.5).
Stopping and pulling the cart backwards along the
same path automatically opens the Locating Screen
(See Section 3.4) used to pinpoint the position and
depth of a target.
3.4 Locating screen
The Locating Screen is accessed by stopping and
pulling the cart backwards while scanning. The
cursor moves over the image and menu options
appear at the bottom of the screen.
Figure 3.7: scanning screen
If the Scale or Both option is selected (Section 3.2),
horizontal depth lines appear on the image to assist
with determining the depth of targets.
Figure 3.9: locating screen
Approximately 16 meters (50 feet) of data is displayed
on one screen. If the survey line exceeds this distance
the image will scroll off the left side of the screen.
3.4.1 Locating Cursor
To save the current screen image to file, press the
Camera button on the Display Unit. The image
number appears on the bottom of the screen with a
message to press any button to continue.
Position Indicator
A message will appear on the screen if there is no
Compact Flash card in the Display Unit. Images are
only saved when a card is present.
The Cursor consists of 3 parts:
Vertical cross-hair is tied to the odometer and
corresponds to the location at the center of the GPR
sensor. As the cart is pulled backwards, the Position
Indicator moves to indicate the current location of
the cart in the image.
Depth Indicator
Pressing any
of the number
buttons on the
Display Unit
marked 1 to 8
while scanning
adds a numbered
marker at the
current position.
Horizontal cross-hair found at the peak of the soil
type indicator arch indicating the depth. The Depth
Indicator moves up or down using the Arch Up and
Down buttons.
Figure 3.8: number marker
RD1000+ Operation Manual 9
Indicator Arch
Idealized representation of a typical pipe-like target
response observed on the GPR image. The width
of the arch is controlled by soil type setting. The
soil type setting is changed using the Arch buttons.
Increasing the soil type makes the indicator arch
wider while decreasing the soil type makes it
narrower.
Cross long, linear targets like pipes or cables at a
90 degree angle to produce a target arch suitable
for the soil type calibration. The depth estimation of
a target will be incorrect if the soil type calibration is
done on a target arch produced at an oblique angle
(smaller that 90 degrees).
3.4.2 Soil Type
To obtain an accurate depth axis and depth
estimations of targets in the GPR image, a Soil
Type Calibration must be performed. Soil Type
Calibration can be done 3 ways:
Figure 3.11: estimating target depth
1. Matching the shape of a target arch,
2. Using a target at a known depth, or,
To determine the Soil Type using a Target Arch:
3. Using the moisture level of the soil.
1. With a target arch visible on the image, back the
cart up until the Position Indicator is centered on
the target arch in the GPR image; preferably one
with long tails
because this
provides the
most accurate
soil type
calibration.
Matching a Target Arch
Targets like pipes, cables, buried artefacts, tree
roots and rocks generate arch-shaped responses
on the GPR image.
Arches occur because GPR energy does not travel
into the ground as a pencil-thin beam but more like
a 3D cone. Reflections can appear on the record
even though the object is not directly below the
GPR sensor. Thus, the GPR sensor “sees” the pipe
before and after going over top of it and forms an
arch-shaped response on the image.
Figure 3.10: matching a target arch
Figure 3.12: position indicator
2. As you slow
down and
stop, the
Indicator Arch
will appear
on the data
image.
Figure 3.13: indicator arch
10 RD1000+ Operation Manual
3. Use the Up and Down Arrows to move the
Indicator Arch shallower or deeper in the
GPR image
respectively,
until it lies
over the top
of the Target
Arch.
Figure 3.14: indicator arch cont.
4. Press the Soil Type button and toggle through
the five different soil types to find the one that
roughly fits
the shape of
the Indicator
Arch to the
shape of the
Target Arch.
Figure 3.15: indicator arch cont.
5. Use the Wide and Narrow Arch buttons to
change the shape of the Indicator Arch to match
the shape of
the Target
Arch on the
GPR image.
The depth of
the target is
indicated on
the bottom
left.
Target at Known Depth
If there are no suitable arches visible in the image to
perform the Target Arch Matching described above,
there may be a target of known depth in the area
being scanned.
To determine the Soil Type using a target at known
depth:
1. With the target response visible on the image,
use the Up and Down Arrows to move the Depth
Indicator (and Indicator Arch) until it lies on top
of the GPR response of the known target.
2. Use the Wide and Narrow Arch buttons to
change the shape of the Indicator Arch until the
depth of the target, displayed in red above the
menu, is correct.
3. Once the depth is matched, save the Soil Type
value by pressing the Save button.
Soil Moisture
If a good target arch or a target of known depth is
not available, the user will have to estimate the Soil
Type. The soil type is most strongly affected by water
so the soil type options relate to the amount of water
in the soil.
Change the soil type by pressing the Soil Moisture
button until the option that best describes the soil in
the area is displayed. The options are Very Dry, Dry,
Moist, Wet and Very Wet Soil.
Figure 3.16: indicator arch cont.
6. Press the Apply button to save the Soil Type and
update the Depth Axis on the Scanning Screen.
The Depth axis can now be used to estimate the
depth of targets while scanning in the area.
RD1000+ Operation Manual 11
3.4.3 Identifying Air Wave Reflections
Some arches in the image can be caused by objects
that are not in the subsurface, such as posts, fences,
overhead wires and even trees.
An important part of understanding the data image
is learning to recognize these unwanted “air” targets
and differentiate them from the targets in the ground.
3.5 Image Settings Screen
The Image Settings Screen is accessed by pressing
the Pause (||) button while in the Scanning Screen or
the Locating Screen. Menu options appear along the
bottom of the screen:
One way of identifying air reflections is to use the
target arch method described above. However,
arches from above-ground objects are wider than
objects in the ground and out of the range of the
maximum Soil Type.
Therefore, if the widest Indicator Arch is still not wide
enough to match the target arch, the target arch is
from on object in the air, not the ground.
Figure 3.19: scan screen
3.5.1 Scan
Figure 3.17: air wave reflections
To exit from the
Image Settings
Screen and resume
Scanning, press
the Scan button
or the Pause (||)
button again
(to resume). The Scanning Screen returns at
the current location with the position information
preserved.
If, while paused in the Image Settings Screen, the
cart has moved more than a few centimeters, when
scanning is restarted, a gap called a Position Break
will appear in the image. The position break is also
indicated by a message on the bottom of the screen
and the Position Axis along the top of the data image
resetting to zero.
Figure 3.18: image settings screen
3.5.2 Clear Image
Deletes the current data image on the display.
12 RD1000+ Operation Manual
3.5.3 Color
3.5.4 Gain
GPR images are displayed in colors corresponding
to a color palette. In general, stronger GPR signals
appear in stronger colors. A number of different
color palettes are available to display the image.
Some color palettes may show the target better
than others.
Since GPR signals are absorbed by the material
being scanned, deeper targets have weaker signals.
Gain acts like an audio volume control, amplifying the
signals and making deeper targets appear stronger
in the image. The Gain varies from 1 to 9 with 1
being no gain and 9 being the maximum gain.
As the Gain changes, the current image on the
display updates so it is not necessary to re-collect
an image with a different gain setting. Use the lowest
gain setting
that shows the
targets. Try to
avoid over-gaining
as understanding
the image may
become
more difficult.
Figure 3.20: color adjustments
Figure 3.21: gain adjustments
RD1000+ Operation Manual 13
3.5.5 Filter
The filter has the effect of removing flat-lying
reflections in the image and enhancing the dipping
reflections and arches usually caused by targets.
It can also assist in identifying very shallow targets
that might be masked by the strong signals at the top
of the image.
The Filter defaults to ON, so if you are looking for a
layer or other flat-lying target, turn the Filter OFF.
The image below shows the same scan with the
Filter OFF and ON.
Figure 3.22: filter adjustments
3.5.6 Depth
The depth setting is an estimate of the total depth
displayed on the Scanning Screen based on the
current Soil Type setting. The depth setting ranges
from 1 to 8 meters.
The system always collects data to a depth of
approximately 8 meters but the Depth setting on this
menu determines how much of the data is displayed
on the screen. It is possible to scan with a Depth
setting of, say 2 meters, pause scanning and then
increase the depth setting to re-display the image to
look for deeper targets.
14 RD1000+ Operation Manual
Figure 3.23: reading depth
3.5.7 Quit
Exits the Scanning and Image Settings Screens and
returns to the Systems Settings Screen.
3.6 Changing the Date and Time
To change the time:
1. From the System Settings Screen, select the Date option. The Time
option is similar.
2. Use the Left and Right Arrow buttons to highlight the number to
change in red.
3. Increase the number using the Up Arrow and decrease the number
using the Down Arrow.
4. Pressing OK saves the new date or time and exits the screen.
5. Pressing Cancel exits the screen without saving the date or time.
Figure 3.24:
time and date adjustment screen
3.7 Screen icons
3.7.1 Systems settings menu
Scan
Language
English
Units
Scale
Date
Time
Odometer
Calibration
Power Off
Def.
RD1000+ Operation Manual 15
3.7.2 Locating screen menu
Clear Image
Move arch
shallower
Move arch
deeper
Very Dry Soil Dry Soil
Widen arch
Narrow arch
Moist Soil
Wet Soil
Very Wet Soil
Apply
3.7.3 Image settings screen menu
3.7.4 Date and time menus
Scan
Move Right,
Move Left
Clear Image
Increase Value,
Decrease Value
Gain
Cancel
Filter
Ok
Depth
Quit
16 RD1000+ Operation Manual
Section 4 Surveying Techniques
4.1 Cross and mark
The most common method of locating is cross and
mark as you go. This method works well in favourable
soils and uncluttered settings. Cross and mark is
very similar to the use of traditional current tracking
utility detectors. The Cart is moved along sweeps
perpendicular to the anticipated utility axis (see figure
below). When the GPR sensor crosses the utility,
the image shows an arch. The top of the arch is the
position of the utility. The depth to the top of the arch
is an estimated depth.
the subsurface. In all soil types eventually the GPR
signal will be completely absorbed and only the
background radio noise in the area will be detected
by the GPR sensor. The noise is seen in the image
a fuzzy signal like a TV station not properly received.
To see the deepest possible targets with a GPR, it is
important to have a quiet, highly sensitive system.
By moving the GPR back and forth and marking the
ground where the top of the arch is observed, the
alignment of the subsurface utility can be traced out
as the X’s in the figure indicate.
GPR is not without its limitations. GPR radio wave
signals are absorbed by the ground with some soils
(clays, saline) greatly limiting exploration depth. GPR
effectiveness is thus site specific and varies greatly
from place to place. GPR also responds to changes
in soil type, density, water content, as well as many
other buried objects, making unique identification of
the desired target difficult.
Figure 4.1: cross and mark surveying
For example, a concrete storm sewer alignment was
located under the road in the figure and data images
of lines 1, 2 and 3 below. The target arch visible on
each scan clearly identifies the pipe alignment.
Notice that as the pipe gets deeper, the strength of
the target arch gets weaker. This is a result of the
GPR signal being absorbed as it travels deeper into
4.2 Limitations
Please note that many factors can
affect the accuracy of the RD1000+,
including, without limitation, soil
and other environmental conditions,
electronic and radio signal
interference, surface depth of pipe
or cable to be located and operator
error. As such, Radiodetection
assumes no liability for the overall
accuracy of the RD1000+ and/or any
maps prepared using the RD1000+.
Figure 4.2: locating a concrete pipe
RD1000+ Operation Manual 17
Section 5 Troubleshooting
The system is designed to minimize user problems;
however, all electronic devices are subject to
possible failure. The following are troubleshooting
hints in the likelihood of occurrence if your system
fails to operate.
5.1 Power
The most common problem that can occur while
trying to run the system is insufficient power. The
battery may be dead, have a low voltage or the fuse
may be blown.
If there is enough power to run the Display Unit, the
upper red light on the front of the Display Unit will
illuminate when the battery is plugged in.
If the battery voltage is less than about 10.2 volts,
the Display Unit may not turn on and the upper red
light will flash or not illuminate at all.
Check the battery voltage with a voltmeter. Try to do
this while the system is still attached to the Cart to
get a true measure of the voltage while under load (it
will be necessary to open the Cart battery case and
connect the voltmeter to the positive and negative
battery terminals). If the battery has a low voltage
or seems dead, try the system with another battery
(if available), or give the battery a good 12-14 hour
charge and try running the system again. If in doubt,
consult a qualified electrician.
If the battery does not charge up to 12 Volts or more,
it should be replaced.
Batteries are fused to protect the system. Open the
battery case and check that the 10 Amp fuse is OK.
If necessary, replace it with one of the spare fuses
available inside the battery case.
If the battery seems OK but the system still does not
power up, check the battery cable connections and
inspect the battery cable for damage.
18 RD1000+ Operation Manual
5.2 System Communications
If the battery is OK and the Display Unit turns on
but the GPR sensor does not scan, there may be a
communication failure between the Display Unit and
the GPR sensor. If an error occurs, an error message
will appear. Power Off the system and disconnect
the battery.
Make sure the display cable is not damaged; all pins
are straight and blow out the connector sockets as
small debris may block individual pin connections
and disrupt communications. Ensure that the
cable connections are tightly secured. Sometimes
vibrations cause the cable connections to loosen just
a bit and break contact and this can cause errors.
Disconnecting the cable and reconnecting it may
provide a better contact and solve the problem. Plug
in the battery, turn on the system and try scanning
again.
If the battery, Battery Cable and Display Cable are
OK, the problem is either a failure of the Display
Unit or the GPR sensor. These units have no userserviceable parts so it will have to the vendor for
inspection and possible repair.
5.3 System Overheating
The GPR system is designed to operate to a
maximum internal temperature of 70ºC (158ºF).
In situations of high ambient temperatures or long
exposure to direct sun, this maximum internal
temperature may be exceeded and cause the system
to fail.
If you suspect that the GPR sensor is overheating,
shut it off and give it a chance to cool down in a
shady location before trying to run it again. Placing
a wet cloth on top of the GPR may help in cooling it
down.
5.4 Display Unit Problem
While the Display Unit is weatherproof and fairly
rugged, it should be handled in much the same way
as a notebook computer. If the Display Unit does not
power up, there may be a problem with the CPU or
the storage media. Always make sure that the access
port on the top of the display unit is closed and
sealed.
5.5 Test Line
One of the best ways of detecting problems with
the system is, shortly after receiving the system and
getting comfortable with its operation, collect a line
of data at a convenient, easily accessible location.
The line does not have to be too long but one screen
(16 meters (50 feet)) is a good guide. This data
line should be saved electronically and perhaps
plotted out on paper and dated. The test line could
be collected say, every 6 months and, by reviewing
the previous data, system problems can be detected
early. As well, if there is a suspected problem with
the system, this test line could be collected and
compared with earlier tests.
5.6 Contacting your Vendor for Service
When returning to a Vendor, have the following
information available:
1. GPR sensor Serial Number displayed at the top
of the System Settings Screen.
2. A brief description of when the error is
happening and the operating conditions
(temperature, humidity, sunshine, system
settings, etc.).
RD1000+ Operation Manual 19
Section 6 Care and Maintenance
6.1 Battery Care
The RD1000+ uses a 9 Amp-hour, 12-Volt sealed
lead acid battery. It is fused with a 10 Amp fuse to
protect it from short circuit damage.
The battery unit should run the Cart for 6-8 hours
before recharging is necessary. If long days of data
surveying are typical, a second battery unit may be a
useful item.
The battery is strapped onto the cart base and is
normally recharged without removing it from the
cart. However, the battery can be easily removed for
maintenance or for recharging, if required.
If batteries are maintained in a charged condition
they will give long life and reliable service. Improper
use and lack of maintenance will greatly reduce their
life.
Sealed lead acid batteries should NEVER be left in a
discharged condition for any period of time. Charge
the batteries as soon as possible after use.
Charge the battery at room temperature whenever
possible.
The RD1000+ has a voltage monitoring circuit that
will turn off the unit when the input voltage drops
below 10.2 volts.
If a battery has been deeply discharged or left in
a discharged condition for some period of time
it may not accept charge immediately when it is
connected to the charger (The fast charge light will
not illuminate). If the fast charge light does not come
on within 6 hours the battery should be considered
damaged and should be discarded.
Typical charging time for an empty battery is 12-14
hours from start of fast charge.
Ensure that the batteries are fully charged before
storing. If practical, store the batteries in a cool
place, but make sure the temperature is not likely
to drop below -30oC or the electrolyte may freeze
and possibly split the case. Batteries should be
disposed of in accordance with your company’s work
practice, and/or any relevant laws or guidelines in
your country.
20 RD1000+ Operation Manual
6.2 Cable Care
1. The cable connectors as well as the connectors
on the GPR Sensor and Display Unit need to
stay clean and free of dust and moisture. Use
a brush or air spray to clean dust, lint and other
foreign particles from these connectors.
2. When the system is not being used, make sure
the connections are done up to prevent dust and
moisture from collecting inside. If the connectors
are exposed, cover them with a dust cap.
3. Cables are designed to be robust.
4. Careless use of cables making them carry loads
that they are not designed for (e.g. carrying the
display by the cable) can cause internal damage.
5. Connectors are weak points in any system.
With the use of this product in rough, dusty
and outdoor environments, users can minimize
potential down time if they care for cables and
treat connectors with respect.
6. Cables and connectors are not designed to
suspend or tow or otherwise carry the weight of
systems. They are part of the electronic circuit
and should be treated accordingly. When not in
use they should be placed in their storage box.
6.3 Skid Pad
The bottom of the GPR Sensor is covered with
one large wear-resistant skid pad. The skid pad is
designed to take the majority of the abrasive wear.
If the pad wears down enough, the less-resistant
plastic housing may start to wear. If this occurs, it is
best to replace the skid pad. It is easily removed with
a screwdriver and a new one can be purchased from
the vendor.
6.4 Odometer Calibration
The RD1000+’s odometer is calibrated to the
wheel size fitted at the factory and should not need
adjustment in normal operation unless errors are
consistently found in distance measurements.
5. Roll the RD1000+ along the measured path;
a red line rotates to indicate that the odometer
is turning. Press ‘8’ again when you get to the
measured distance and the below screen will
appear:
When new wheels are fitted to the RD1000+, you
should recalibrate the odometer to ensure distance
measurements are accurate. This is especially
important if the new wheels are of a different size to
the original size fitted.
To recalibrate the odometer:
1. Measure out a straight-line path 10 meters
(32' 10") long on flat ground where you will
perform the calibration.
2. Press the Odometer Calibration key on the main
menu.
3. The following screen appears:
6. Press ‘8’ to confirm, or ‘1’ to discard the new
calibration distance measurements. The system
will return to the main menu.
6.5 Wheels
Over time, the wheel attached to the odometer (back,
right wheel) may become slightly loose as the axle
bushing wears. To ensure smooth operation, the
wheel nut may need to be tightened manually.
4. Align the RD1000+ at the start point and press
‘8’ to begin the calibration. The following screen
appears:
Insert a large slotted screwdriver into the slot at the
end of the axle and use a large 19mm (¾") wrench
to tighten the wheel nut slightly. The nut only has to
be turned slightly, 1/8th -1/16th of a turn is usually
enough. Spin the wheel to make sure it is still free and
not too tight.
RD1000+ Operation Manual 21
Appendix A
GPR Emissions, Interference and
Regulations
All governments have regulations on the level
of electromagnetic emissions that an electronic
apparatus can emit. The objective is to assure that
one apparatus or device does not interfere with any
other apparatus or device in such a way as to make
the other apparatus non-functional.
Our GPR products are tested using independent
professional testing houses, and comply with
latest regulations of the USA, Canada, European
Community, and other major jurisdictions.
Electronic devices have not always been designed
for proper immunity. If a GPR instrument is placed in
close proximity to an electronic device, interference
may occur. If any unusual behavior is observed on
nearby devices, test if the disturbance starts and
stops when the GPR instrument is turned on and off.
If interference is confirmed, stop using the GPR.
Where specific jurisdictions have specific GPR
guidelines, these are described below.
FCC Regulations
This device complies with Part 15 of the USA
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules.
Operation in the USA is subject to the following two
conditions:
1. this device may not cause harmful interference
and
2. this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
Part 15 – User Information
This equipment has been tested and found to comply
with the limits for a Class A digital device, where
applicable, and for an ultrawide bandwidth (UWB)
device where applicable, pursuant to Part 15 of the
FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
22 RD1000+ Operation Manual
reasonable protection against harmful interference
when the equipment is operated in a commercial
environment. This equipment generates, uses and
can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instruction
manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area is likely to cause harmful interference
in which case the user will be required to correct the
interference at his own expense.
WARNING
Changes or Modifications not expressly approved by
the manufacturer could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Certification of this equipment has been carried
out using approved cables and peripheral devices.
The use of non-approved or modified cables
and peripheral devices constitutes a Change or
Modification outlined in the warning above.
Operating Restrictions
Operation of this device is limited to purposes
associated with law enforcement, fire fighting,
emergency rescue, scientific research, commercial
mining, or construction. Parties operating this
equipment must be eligible for licensing under the
provisions of Part 90 of this chapter.
FCC Interpretation of Operation
Restrictions issued July 12, 2002
(FCC Order DA02-1658, paragraph 9)
The regulations contain restrictions on the parties
that are eligible to operate imaging systems (See
47 C.F.R. §§15.509(b), 15.511(b), and 15.513(b)).
Under the new regulations, GPRs and wall imaging
systems may be used only by law enforcement, fire
and emergency rescue organizations, by scientific
research institutes, by commercial mining companies,
and by construction companies. Since the adoption
of the Order, we have received several inquiries
from the operators of GPRs and wall imaging
systems noting that these devices often are not
operated by the users listed in the regulations but
are operated under contract by personnel specifically
trained in the operation of these devices. We do
not believe that the recent adoption of the UWB
rules should disrupt the critical safety services that
can be performed effectively only through the use
of GPRs and wall imaging systems. We viewed
these operating restrictions in the broadest of
terms. For example, we believe that the limitation
on the use of GPRs and wall imaging systems by
construction companies encompasses the inspection
of buildings, roadways, bridges and runways even
if the inspection finds no damage to the structure
and construction does not actually result from the
inspection; the intended purpose of the operation
of the UWB device is to determine if construction
is required. We also believe that the GPRs and wall
imaging systems may be operated for one of the
purposes described in the regulations but need not
be operated directly by one of the described parties.
For example, a GPR may be operated by a private
company investigating forensic evidence for a local
police department.
FCC Permitted Mode of Usage
The GPR antenna must be kept on the surface
to be in compliance with FCC regulations. Use
of the antenna is not permitted if it is lifted off the
surface. Use as a through-the-wall imaging device is
prohibited.
GPR Use Coordination
FCC regulation 15.525(c) (updated in February
2007) requires users of GPR equipment to
coordinate the use of their GPR equipment as
described below:
(a) UWB imaging systems require coordination
through the FCC before the equipment may be used.
The operator shall comply with any constraints on
equipment usage resulting from this coordination.
(b) The users of UWB imaging devices shall supply
operational areas to the FCC Office of Engineering
and Technology, which shall coordinate this
information with the Federal Government through
the National Telecommunications and Information
Administration. The information provided by the
UWB operator shall include the name, address and
other pertinent contact information of the user, the
desired geographical area(s) of operation, and the
FCC ID number and other nomenclature of the UWB
device. If the imaging device is intended to be used
for mobile applications, the geographical area(s) of
operation may be the state(s) or county(ies) in which
the equipment will be operated. The operator of an
imaging system used for fixed operation shall supply
a specific geographical location or the address at
which the equipment will be operated. This material
shall be submitted to:
Frequency Coordination Branch, OET
Federal Communications Commission
445 12th Street, SW,
Washington, D.C. 20554
Attn: UWB Coordination
The form given on the following page is a suggested
format for performing the coordination.
FCC Ground Penetrating Radar
Coordination Notice
NAME:
ADDRESS:
CONTACT INFORMATION [CONTACT NAME AND
PHONE NUMBER]:
AREA OF OPERATION [COUNTIES, STATES OR
LARGER AREAS]:
FCC ID: [E.G. QJQ-PE-PRO-HF250]
EQUIPMENT NOMENCLATURE: [E.G. RD1000]
Send the information to:
Frequency Coordination Branch., OET
Federal Communications Commission
445 12th Street, SW
Washington, D.C. 20554
ATTN: UWB Coordination
Fax: 202-418-1944
INFORMATION PROVIDED IS DEEMED
CONFIDENTIAL
RD1000+ Operation Manual 23
ETSI Regulations for the EC (European
Community)
In the European Community (EC), GPR instruments
must conform to ETSI (European Technical
Standards Institute) standard EN 302 066-1
v1.2.1. Details on individual country requirements
for licensing are coordinated with this standard. For
more information, contact Radiodetection’s technical
staff; for contact details see the rear cover of this
manual.
All Radiodetection ground penetrating radar (GPR)
products offered for sale in European Community
countries or countries adhering to ETSI standards
are tested to comply with EN 302 066 v1.2.1.
Industry Canada Regulations – English
Industry Canada published it regulations for ground
penetrating radar (GPR) on Mar 29 2009 as part of
the RSS-220 titled ‘Devices Using Ultra-Wideband
(UWB) Technology’.
Industry Canada has made a unique exception for
GPR by not requiring user licensing. The user does
have to comply with the following directives:
1. This Ground Penetrating Radar Device shall be
operated only when in contact with or within 1 m of
the ground.
It is the users responsibility to check and ensure that
they satisfy individual country licensing requirements.
1. This Ground Penetrating Radar Device shall
be operated only by law enforcement agencies,
scientific research institutes, commercial mining
companies, construction companies, and emergency
rescue or firefighting organizations.
The UK for example, does currently require a licence to
operate Ground Penetrating Radar, details are available
from OFCOM. (https://licensing.ofcom.org.uk).
Should the ground penetrating radar be used in a
wall-penetrating mode then the following restriction
should be noted by the user:
We recommend that users check with the Radio and
Telecoms Licensing authority in the country of use.
Radiodetection sales and support staff can help with
contact details and information. For those who wish
to get more detailed information, they should acquire
copies of the following documents available from
ETSI.
1. This In-wall Radar Imaging Device shall be
operated where the device is directed at the wall and
in contact with or within 20 cm of the wall surface.
ETSI EN 302 066-1 V1.2.1 (February 2008)
Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum
Matters (ERM); Ground and Wall- Probing Radar
applications (GPR/WPR) imaging systems; Part 1:
Technical characteristics and test methods.
ETSI EN 302 066-2 V1.2.1 (February 2008)
Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum
Matters (ERM); Ground and Wall- Probing Radar
applications (GPR/WPR) imaging systems; Part 2:
Harmonized EN covering essential requirements of
article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive
ETSI TR 101 994-2 V1.1.2 (March 2008)
Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum
Matters (ERM); Short Range Devices (SRD);
Technical characteristics for SRD equipment
using Ultra Wide Band technology (UWB); Part
2: Ground- and Wall- Probing Radar applications;
System Reference Document
24 RD1000+ Operation Manual
2. This In-wall Radar Imaging Device shall be
operated only by law enforcement agencies,
scientific research institutes, commercial mining
companies, construction companies, and emergency
rescue or firefighting organizations.
Since operation of GPR is on a licence-exempt
basis, the user must accept the following:
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2)
this device must accept any interference, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
Règlement d’Industrie Canada – Français
Industrie Canada a publié des règlements pour les
appareils géoradar (GPR) le 29 mars 2009, dans
le cadre du RSS-220 intitulé “Dispositifs utilisant la
bande ultra-large (UWB)”.
Industrie Canada a faite une exception unique pour
GPR en n’exigeant pas de licence par utilisateur.
L’utilisateur doit se conformer aux directives suivantes:
1. Ce géoradar périphérique doit être utilisé que
lorsqu’il est en contact avec ou moins de 1 m du sol.
2. Ce géoradar périphérique doit être utilisé que par
les organisations d’application de la loi, les instituts
de recherche scientifique, des sociétés minières
commerciales, entreprises de construction et de
secours d’urgence ou des organisations de lutte
contre les incendies.
Si le géoradar est utilisé dans un mode de
pénétration au mur, la restriction suivante est à noter
par l’utilisateur:
1. Ce dispositif d’imagerie radar doit être utilisé
lorsque l’appareil est orienté vers le mur et en
contact avec ou dans les 20 cm de la surface du
mur.
2. Ce dispositif d’imagerie radar doit être utilisé
que par les organisations d’application de la loi,
les instituts de recherche scientifique, des sociétés
minières commerciales, entreprises de construction
et de secours d’urgence ou des organisations de
lutte contre les incendies.
Parce que l’exploitation de GPR est sur une base
exempte de licence, l’utilisateur doit accepter le texte
suivant:
La fonctionnement est soumis aux deux conditions
suivantes: (1) cet appareil ne peut pas provoquer
d’interférences et (2) cet appareil doit accepter toute
interférence, y compris les interférences qui peuvent
causer un mauvais fonctionnement du dispositif.
RD1000+ Operation Manual 25
Statement of warranty terms and conditions
for Radiodetection products
Standard Warranty Terms
Subject to the conditions set out herein,
Radiodetection Limited expressly and exclusively
provides the following warranty to original end user
buyers of Radiodetection’s products.
Statement Of Warranty Conditions
Radiodetection hereby warrants that its products shall
be free from defects in material and workmanship for
one year starting from point of sale to end customer.
Extensions of this warranty period are available where
the same terms and conditions apply.
The sole and exclusive warranty for any
Radiodetection product found to be defective is
repair or replacement of the defective product
at Radiodetection’s sole discretion. Repaired
parts or replacement products will be provided
by Radiodetection on an exchange basis and will
be either new or refurbished to be functionally
equivalent to new.
In the event this exclusive remedy is deemed to
have failed of its essential purpose, Radiodetection’s
liability shall not exceed the purchase price of
the Radiodetection product. In no event will
Radiodetection be liable for any direct, indirect,
special, incidental, consequential or punitive
damages (including lost profit) whether based on
warranty, contract, tort or any other legal theory.
Warranty services will be provided only with the
original invoice or sales receipt (indicating the date
of purchase, model name and dealer’s name) within
the warranty period. This warranty covers only
the hardware components of the Radiodetection
product. Data storage media or accessories must
be removed prior to submission of the product for
warranty service.
26 RD1000+ Operation Manual
Radiodetection will not be responsible for loss
or erasure of data storage media or accessories.
Radiodetection is not responsible for transportation
costs and risks associated with transportation of
the product. The existence of a defect shall be
determined by Radiodetection in accordance with
procedures established by Radiodetection.
This warranty is in lieu of any
other warranty, express or implied,
including any implied warranty of
merchantability or fitness for a
particular purpose.
This warranty does not cover:
a periodic maintenance and repair or parts
replacement due to wear and tear
b consumables (components that are expected to
require periodic replacement during the lifetime
of a product such as non-rechargeable batteries,
bulbs, etc.)
c damage or defects caused by use, operation or
treatment of the product inconsistent with its
intended use
d damage or changes to the product as a result of:
i
misuse, including: - treatment resulting in
physical, cosmetic or surface damage or
changes to the product or damage to liquid
crystal displays
ii failure to install or use the product for its
normal purpose or in accordance with
Radiodetection’s instructions on installation or
use
iii failure to maintain the product in accordance
with Radiodetection’s instructions on proper
maintenance
iv installation or use of the product in a manner
inconsistent with the technical or safety
laws or standards in the country where it is
installed or used
v virus infections or use of the product with
software not provided with the product or
incorrectly installed software
vi the condition of or defects in systems with
which the product is used or incorporated
except other ‘Radiodetection products’
designed to be used with the product
vii use of the product with accessories,
peripheral equipment and other products of
a type, condition and standard other than
prescribed by Radiodetection
viii repair or attempted repair by persons who are
not Radiodetection warranted and certified
repair houses
ix adjustments or adaptations without
Radiodetection’s prior written consent,
including:
1 upgrading the product beyond
specifications or features described in
the instruction manual, or
2 modifications to the product to
conform it to national or local technical
or safety standards in countries other
than those for which the product
was specifically designed and
manufactured
x neglect e.g. opening of cases where there are
no user replaceable parts
xi accidents, fire, liquids, chemicals, other
substances, flooding, vibrations, excessive
heat, improper ventilation, power surges,
excess or incorrect supply or input voltage,
radiation, electrostatic discharges including
lighting, other external forces and impacts.
RD1000+ Operation Manual 27
RD1000+
P o r ta b l e G r o u n d P e n e t r at i n g
R a da r Sys t e m
Global locations
USA
E u rope
As i a - Pac i f i c
Spx Global Headquarters
Radiodetection Ltd. (UK)
Radiodetection (Asia-Pacific)
13515 Ballantyne Corporate Place
Western Drive, Bristol BS14 0AF, UK
Room 708, CC Wu Building
Charlotte, NC 28277, USA
Tel: +44 (0) 117 976 7776
302-308 Hennessy Road, Wan Chai
Tel: +1 704 752 4400
Fax: +44 (0) 117 976 7775
Hong Kong SAR, China
www.spx.com
[email protected]
Tel: +852 2110 8160
www.radiodetection.com
Fax: +852 2110 9681
Radiodetection
[email protected]
28 Tower Road, Raymond, Maine 04071, USA
Radiodetection (France)
Tel: +1 (207) 655 8525
13 Grande Rue, 76220, Neuf Marché, France
Toll Free: +1 (877) 247 3797
Tel: +33 (0) 2 32 89 93 60
Radiodetection (China)
Fax: +1 (207) 655 8535
Fax: +33 (0) 2 35 90 95 58
Room 5-10, Workshop 4
Email: [email protected]
[email protected]
No. 10 Zhenggezhuang Village
www.radiodetection.com
http://fr.radiodetection.com
Beiqijia Town, Changping District
Pearpoint
Radiodetection (Benelux)
39-740 Garand Lane, Unit B
Industriestraat 11
Palm Desert, CA 92211, USA
7041 GD ’s-Heerenberg, Netherlands
Tel: +1 800 688 8094
Tel: +31 (0) 314 66 47 00
Tel: +1 760 343 7350
Fax: +31 (0) 314 66 41 30
Fax: +1 760 343 7351
[email protected]
Radiodetection (Australia)
[email protected]
http://nl.radiodetection.com
Unit H1, 101 Rookwood Road,
www.radiodetection.com
Radiodetection (Germany)
Radiodetection (Canada)
Groendahlscher Weg 118
344 Edgeley Boulevard, Unit 34
46446 Emmerich am Rhein, Germany
Concord, Ontario L4K 4B7, Canada
Tel: +49 (0) 28 51 92 37 20
Tel: +1 (905) 660 9995
Fax: +49 (0) 28 51 92 37 520
Toll Free: +1 (800) 665 7953
[email protected]
Fax: +1 (905) 660 9579
http://de.radiodetection.com
www.radiodetection.com
Beijing 102209, China
Tel: +86 (0) 10 8178 5652
Fax: +86 (0) 10 8178 5662
[email protected]
http://cn.radiodetection.com
Yagoona NSW 2199, Australia
Tel: +61 (0) 2 9707 3222
Fax: +61 (0) 2 9707 3788
[email protected]
www.radiodetection.com
[email protected]
www.radiodetection.com
Radiodetection is a leading global developer and supplier of test equipment used by utility companies to help install, protect and maintain their infrastructure networks.
Radiodetection is a unit of SPX (NYSE: SPW), a global Fortune 500 multi-industry manufacturing company. With headquarters in Charlotte, N.C., SPX has 14,000 employees
in more than 35 countries worldwide. Visit www.spx.com.
© 2014 Radiodetection Ltd. All rights reserved. Radiodetection is a subsidiary of SPX Corporation. SPX, the green “>” and “X” are trademarks of SPX Corporation, Inc.
Radiodetection and RD1000 are either trademarks of Radiodetection in the United States and/or other countries. Due to a policy of continued development, we reserve the right to
alter or amend any published specification without notice.This document may not be copied, reproduced, transmitted, modified or used, in whole or in part, without the prior written
consent of Radiodetection Ltd.
90/RD1K+-OPMAN-ENG/01
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