IS SERIES IMAGING STATION
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
IMAGING STATION
IS SERIES
IS201
IS203
IS205
Rev.2
FOREWORD
Thank you for purchasing the TOPCON Imaging Station IS series.
For the best performance of the instruments, please carefully read these instructions and keep them in a convenient location for future reference.
1
General Handling Precautions
Before starting work or operation, be sure to check that the instrument is functioning
correctly with normal performance.
Do not aim the instrument directly into the sun
Aiming the instrument directly into the sun can result in serious damage to the eyes. Damage to
the instrument could also result from exposing the instrument’s objective lens to direct sunlight.
The use of a solar filter is suggested to alleviate this problem.
Setting the instrument on a tripod
When mounting the instrument on a tripod, use a wooden tripod when possible.
The vibrations that may occur when using a metallic tripod can effect the measuring precision.
Installing the tribrach
If the tribrach is installed incorrectly, the measuring precision could be effected. Occasionally
check the adjusting screws on the tribrach. Make sure the base fixing lever is locked and the base
fixing screws are tightened.
Guarding the instrument against shocks
When transporting the instrument, provide some protection to minimize risk of shocks. Heavy
shocks may cause the measurement to be faulty.
Carrying the instrument
Always carry the instrument by its handgrip.
Exposing the instrument to extreme heat.
Do not leave the instrument in extreme heat for longer than necessary. It could adversely affect its
performance.
Sudden changes of temperature
Any sudden change of temperature to the instrument or prism may result in a reduction of
measuring distance range, i.e when taking the instrument out from a heated vehicle.
Let instrument acclimate itself to ambient temperature.
Battery level check
Confirm battery level remaining before operating.
Memory back up
The back-up battery built in the instrument needs to be charged approximately 24hrs. before using
it for the first time after purchase. Connect the fully charged battery to the instrument in order to
charge the back-up battery.
Taking the battery out
Leaving the instrument without the battery for more than an hour will cause the memorized data to
be lost, due to low voltage of the back-up battery. Connect the battery as soon as possible or
execute RAM back-up.
No responsibility
TOPCON Corporation has no responsibility for loss of data stored in the memory in case
unexpected accidents.
Battery cover
Completely close the battery cover before using the IS. If the battery cover is not completely
closed, the IS will not operate normally, regardless of whether the battery or the external power
source is used.
If the battery cover is opened while the IS is in operation, operation will automatically be
suspended.
Power OFF
When turning off the power, be sure to turn off the IS’s power switch.
Do not turn off the power by removing the battery.
Before removing the battery, press the power switch and confirm that the power is off. Then
remove the battery.
While using the external power source, do not turn off the IS with the switch on the external power
source.
If the above-mentioned operating procedure is not followed, then, the next time that power is
turned on, it will be necessary to reboot the IS.
Maintenance for driving parts
Every 4,000~5,000 hours operation in total, change grease of driving parts.
Contact your dealer or TOPCON Head Office for the maintenance.
External power source
Use only recommended batteries or external power source. Use of batteries or an external power
source not recommended by us may result in equipment failure.
(For further information see Chapter 14 “BATTERY SYSTEM” .)
2
Display for Safe Use
In order to encourage the safe use of products and prevent any danger to the operator and others or damage
to properties, important warnings are put on the products and inserted in the instruction manuals.
We suggest that everyone understand the meaning of the following displays and icons before reading the
“Safety Cautions” and text.
Meaning
Display
WARNING
Ignoring or disregard of this display may lead to the danger of death or
serious injury.
CAUTION
Ignoring or disregard of this display may lead to personal injury or physical damage.
•Injury refers to hurt, burn, electric shock, etc.
•Physical damage refers to extensive damage to buildings or equipment and furniture.
Safety Cautions
WARNING
•There is a risk of fire, electric shock or physical harm if you attempt to disassemble or
repair the instrument yourself.
This is only to be carried out by TOPCON or an authorized dealer, only!
•Cause eye injury or blindness.
Do not look at the sun through a telescope.
•Laser beams can be dangerous, and can cause eye injury's if used incorrectly.
Never attempt to repair the instrument yourself.
•Cause eye injury or blindness.
Do not stare into beam.
•High temperature may cause fire.
Do not cover the charger while it is charging.
•Risk of fire or electric shock.
Do not use damaged power cable, plug and socket.
•Risk of fire or electric shock.
Do not use a wet battery or charger.
•May ignite explosively.
Never use an instrument near flammable gas, liquid matter, and do not use in a coal mine.
•Battery can cause explosion or injury.
Do not dispose in fire or heat.
•Risk of fire or electric shock.
Do not use any power voltage except the one given on manufacturers instructions.
•To reduce the risk of hazards, use only CSA/UL certified power supply cord set, cord is
Type SPT-2 or heavier, minimum No.18 AWG copper, one end is provided with a mouldedon male attachment plug cap (with a specified NEMA configuration), and the other end is
provided with a moulded-on female connector body (with a specified IEC non-industrial
type configuration).
•Battery can cause outbreak of fire.
Do not use any other type of charger other than the one specified.
•Risk of fire.
Do not use any other power cable other than the one specified.
•The short circuit of a battery can cause a fire.
Do not short circuit battery when storing it.
3
•Risk of medical equipment malfunction.
Do not use the instrument in hospitals
•Risk of accident due to malfunction caused by radio waves affecting automatic control operations.
Do not use the instrument near automatic control equipment, such as automatic doors.
•Risk of airplane instrument malfunction.
Do not use the instrument on airplanes.
•Risk of implantable cardiac pacemaker malfunction caused by radio waves.
Ensure that the instrument is 22cm or farther away from implantable cardiac pacemakers.
4
CAUTION
•Do not connect or disconnect equipment with wet hands, you are at risk of electric
shocks if you do!
•Use of controls or adjustment or performance of procedures other than those specified
herein may result in hazardous radiation exposure.
•Let the laser beam reach the aimed object or the target without anybody else in the laser
beam path. In case you operate laser beam open, avoid radiating laser beam to the height
of man's head. It is quite possible for the beam to enter into one's eyes, and it is possible
to lose visual sight temporarily, and lose one's caution and awareness of other dangers
- avoid glaring beam.
•Risk of injury by overturn the carrying case.
Do not stand or sit on the carrying cases.
•Please note that the tips of tripod can be hazardous, be aware of this when setting up or
carrying the tripod.
•Risk of injury by falling down the instrument or case.
Do not use a carrying case with a damaged which belts, grips or latches .
•Do not allow skin or clothing to come into contact with acid from the batteries, if this does
occur then wash off with copious amounts of water and seek medical advice.
•A plumb bob can cause an injury to a person if used incorrectly.
•It could be dangerous if the instrument falls over, please ensure you attach a handle to
the instrument securely.
•Ensure that you mount the tribrach correctly, failing to do so may result in injury if the
tribrach were to fall over.
•It could be dangerous if the instrument falls over, please check that you fix the instrument to the tripod correctly.
•Risk of injury by falling down a tripod and an instrument.
Always check that the screws of tripod are tightened.
•Risk of injury from rotation of the telescope.
Do not look into the telescope while wireless communication is in progress.
5
User
1)This product is for professional use only!
The user is required to be a qualified surveyor or have a good knowledge of surveying, in order to
understand the user and safety instructions, before operating, inspecting or adjusting.
2)Wear the required protectors (safety shoes, helmet, etc.) when operating.
Exceptions from Responsibility
1)The user of this product is expected to follow all operating instructions and make periodic checks of the
product’s performance.
2)The manufacturer, or its representatives, assumes no responsibility for results of a faulty or intentional
usage or misuse including any direct, indirect, consequential damage, and loss of profits.
3)The manufacturer, or its representatives, assumes no responsibility for consequential damage, and
loss of profits by any disaster, (an earthquake, storms, floods etc.).
A fire, accident, or an act of a third party and/or a usage any other usual conditions.
4)The manufacturer, or its representatives, assumes no responsibility for any damage, and loss of profits
due to a change of data, loss of data, an interruption of business etc., caused by using the product or
an unusable product.
5)The manufacturer, or its representatives, assumes no responsibility for any damage, and loss of profits
caused by usage except for explained in the user manual.
6)The manufacturer, or its representatives, assumes no responsibility for damage caused by wrong
movement, or action due to connecting with other products.
6
Laser Safety
IS series uses the invisible laser beam to measure the distance.
IS series uses the visible laser beam for auto tracking, optical communication.
The IS series products are manufactured and sold in accordance with “Radiation Safety of Laser
Products, Equipment Classification, Requirements and User‘s Guide” (IEC Publication 60825-1) or
“Performance Standards for Light-Emitting Products” (FDA/BRH 21 CFR 1040) provided on the safety
standards for laser beam.
As per the said standards, IS series is classified as “Class 2 (CLASS II) Laser Products”.
The laser beam belongs not very dangerous type but we request you to keep and understand “Safety
standard for users” as mentioned in the manual instruction.
In case of any failure, do not disassemble the instrument. Contact TOPCON or your TOPCON dealer.
Laser class of each mode is as follows.
Mode
Laser class
Distance measurement
Class 1 (CLASS I)
Autotracking
Class 2 (CLASS II)
Optical communication
Class 2 (CLASS II)
Laser pointer
Class 2 (CLASS II)
Labels
Find the labels which describes the caution and safety about the laser beam as follows in IS series.
We request you to replace it one anytime the caution labels are damaged or lost and paste a new one at the
same place. You can get the labels from Topcon or your dealer.
AVOID EXPOSURE
LASER LIGHT IS EMITTED
FROM THIS APERTURE
Warning Label
Aperture Label
CAUTION
Beam aperture
LASER RADIATION
Explanatory Label
Each label is differed by the market.
7
Symbol Mark while the Laser is Emitting.
These symbol marks will come on while the laser is working
Auto-collimating, Auto-tracking, Waiting, Searching (Class 1 (CLASS I) Laser)
Optical communication (Class 2 (CLASSI I) Laser)
Auto-collimating
Auto-tracking
Waiting
Searching
When distance is being measured
(Class 1 (CLASS I) Laser)
When Laser Pointer light is ON
(Class 2 (CLASS II) Laser)
8
Contents
FOREWORD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
General Handling Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Display for Safe Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Safety Cautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
User. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Exceptions from Responsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Laser Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Symbol Mark while the Laser is Emitting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
1.1 Nomenclature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
1.2 Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
1.2.1 Main Menu Contains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
1.2.2 Measurement Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
1.2.3 Display Marks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
1.2.4 Display keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
1.2.5 Shortcut Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
1.3 Backlight, Key Light Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
1.3.1 How to Adjust Reducing Time of Backlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
1.3.2 Adjust the Backlight Brightness by Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
1.3.3 Selecting the Automatic Lighting Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
1.3.4 Selecting the Key Light Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
1.4 RAM Data Backup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
1.4.1 Execute the Backup Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
1.4.2 Set the Automatic Backup for Every Suspension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
1.4.3 Set the Restoration after Hardware Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
1.5 Hardware Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
1.6 Cover Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
1.7 Touch Panel Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
1.8 Operating Panel Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
1.8.1 Operating Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
1.8.2 Turning OFF the Touch Panel Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
1.9 Power OFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
1.10 Operation Key(Touch panel) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
1.11 Star Key Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
1.11.1 Switching Measurement Distance Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
1.11.2 Setting by Using Star Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
1.12 Auto Power Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
1.13 Focus Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
1.13.1 Manual Focus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
1.13.2 Assist Focus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
1.13.3 Setting Focus Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
1.14 Rotating Method
1.14.1 Rotating by H/V Shuttle and H/V Jog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
1.14.2 Auto Inversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
1.14.3 Rotating automatically to a required Horizontal and Vertical angle . . . . . . . . . . . 42
1.15 Using together with RC-3 Remote Control System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
1.16 Using connecting with Personal Computer (PC). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
1.17 Using the USB Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
Power Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Setting Instrument Up For Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Power Switch Key ON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Battery Power Remaining Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Vertical and Horizontal Angle Tilt Correction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
2.5.1 Setting Tilt Correction by Operation Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
2.5.2 Correction of a Tilt Sensor setting error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
2.6 Compensation of Systematic Error of Instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
2.7 How to Enter Numerals and Alphabet Letters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
2.8 Data Memory Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
9
2.9 Active Sync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
2.9.1 Getting Connected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
2.10 Confirming the Bluetooth® Device Address and Setting the PIN code. . . . . . . . . 58
2.11 Setting up wireless LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
2.11.1 Turning on the power for wireless LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
2.11.2 Displaying the network setting screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
2.11.3 Displaying the wireless LAN setting screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
2.11.4 Example of wireless LAN setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
2.12 Inclination of Prism and Measuring Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
3 AUTOMATIC TRACKING / AUTOMATIC COLLIMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
Automatic Tracking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Automatic Collimation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Range of Laser for Auto-tracking and Auto-collimating. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Setting Parameters for Auto-Tracking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
3.4.1 Setting Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
3.4.2 How to set the parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
4.1 Screen Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
4.1.1 Switching between Telescopic Image and Wide-Angle Image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
4.1.2 Changing the Image's Magnification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
4.1.3 Adjusting the Image's Brightness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
4.1.4 Switching the Cross-Hairs On and Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
4.2 Angle Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
4.2.1 Measuring Horizontal Angle Right and Vertical Angle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
4.2.2 Switching Horizontal Angle Right/Left . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
4.2.3 Measuring from the Required Horizontal Angle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
4.2.4 Vertical Angle Percent Grade(%) Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
4.2.5 Automatic Rotation to a Required Horizontal and Vertical Absolute Angle . . . . . . 79
4.3 Distance Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
4.3.1 Setting of the Atmospheric Correction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
4.3.2 Setting of the Correction for Prism Constant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
4.3.3 Setting Measurement distance range of Non-prism long mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
4.3.4 Distance Measurement (Continuous Measurement) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
4.3.5 Distance Measurement (Single/N-times Measurement) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
4.3.6 Fine / Coarse Measuring Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
4.3.7 Stake Out (S.O) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
4.4 Coordinate Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
4.4.1 Setting Coordinate Values of Occupied Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
4.4.2 Setting of the Instrument Height / Reflector(Prism) Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
4.4.3 Execution of Coordinate Measuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
4.5 Data Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
4.6 Data Output by [REC] Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
4.7 Data output of IS series. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
5 PROGRAM MODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
Setting a Direction Angle for Backsight Orientation(BS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Remote Elevation Measurement (REM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Missing Line Measurement (MLM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Repetition Angle Measurement (REP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
AP-L1A Communication Emulator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
5.5.1 Activate AP-L1A communication Emulator
5.5.2 Setup for Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
5.6 Edge Abstraction Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
5.6.1 Displayed Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
6 PARAMETERS SETTING MODE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
6.1 Parameter Setting Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
6.1.1 Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
6.1.2 Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
6.1.3 Value Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
6.1.4 Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
6.2 Setting Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
7.1 Checking and Adjusting of Instrument Constant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
10
7.1.1 Checking of the accuracy of the non-prism mode / non-prism long mode . . . . . 115
7.2 Checking the Optical Axis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
7.2.1 Checking the optical axis of EDM and theodolite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
7.2.2 Checking the optical axis of Laser pointer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
7.2.3 Inspection and Adjustment of Optic Axis for Auto -Tracking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
7.3 Checking/Adjusting Each Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
7.3.1 Checking /Adjusting the Plate Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
7.3.2 Checking /Adjusting the Circular Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
7.3.3 Adjustment of the Vertical Cross-hair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
7.3.4 Collimation of the Instrument. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
7.3.5 Checking/Adjusting the Cross-Hairs on Telescopic/Wide-angle Images . . . . . . 128
7.3.6 Checking / Adjusting the Optical Plummet Telescope. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
7.3.7 Adjustment of Vertical Angle 0 Datum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
7.4 How to Set the Instrument Constant Value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
7.5 Compensation Systematic Error of Instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
7.5.1 Adjustment of Compensation Systematic Error of Instrument. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
7.5.2 Showing Compensation Systematic Error of Instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
7.6 Self Checking Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
8 SETTING THE PRISM / NON-PRISM CONSTANT CORRECTION VALUE . . . . 138
9 SETTING ATMOSPHERIC CORRECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
9.1 Calculation of Atmospheric Correction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
9.2 Setting of Atmospheric Correction Value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
10 CORRECTION FOR REFRACTION AND EARTH CURVATURE . . . . . . . . . . . 146
10.1 Distance Calculation Formula . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
11 POWER SOURCE AND CHARGING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
11.1 On-board Battery BT-65Q . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
12
13
14
15
16
17
DETACH/ATTACH OF TRIBRACH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPECIAL ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BATTERY SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PRISM SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PRECAUTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MESSAGE/ERROR DISPLAYS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
149
150
152
153
154
155
17.1 Message
17.2 Error
18 SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
19 APPENDIX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Dual Axis Compensation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
20 INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
11
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1
NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.1 Nomenclature
Antenna
(for Wireless LAN , SS Wireless)
Carrying handle
Sighting collimator
Tracking indicator
Camera(wide)
Laser aperture
(for Optical communication)
Instrument
center mark
Objective lens/
Camera(telescope)/
Laser pointer
Card cover
Hardware reset switch
(Inside the cover)
Laser aperture
Card cover lever
Optical plummet
telescope
USB connector
Base
Leveling screw
Tribrach fixing lever
12
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
Handle fixing screw
Focus shuttle
Focus jog
Telescope grip
Vertical shuttle
Vertical jog
Telescope eyepiece
Instrument
height mark
Power switch
Plate level
Horizontal jog
Horizontal shuttle
Display window
(With touch panel)
Operation keys
Battery cover
Cover sensor
(Inside the cover)
Battery cover lever
Stylus pen
Serial Signal Connector
Circular level
Adjusting screw
for circular level
Power supply connector
13
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.2 Display
1.2.1 Main Menu Contains
The main menu contains as following items.
Select the menu by pressing icons.
Display icon
PROGRAM MODE
• Setting a direction angle for backsight orientation
• Remote elevation measurement
• Missing line measurement
• Repetition angle measurement
• Setting AP-L1A communication
(see Chapter 5 “PROGRAM MODE” .)
ADJUSTMENT MODE
This mode is used for checking and adjustment.
• Error of vertical angle 0 datum
• Setting instrument constant value
• Compensation systematic error of Instrument
• Checking the optical axis of EDM
• Adjustment of optic axis for auto -tracking
• Self check
• Checking/Adjusting the Cross-Hairs on Images
(see Chapter 7 “CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT” .)
PARAMETERS SETTING MODE
This mode is used for follows
• Setting measurement
• Setting communication
• Value input
• Setting unit
The PARAMETERS SETTING MODE settled is
memorized even power is off.
(see Chapter 6 “PARAMETERS SETTING MODE” .)
STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
This mode is used for follows
• Angle measurement
• Distance measurement
• Coordinate measurement
(see Chapter 4 “STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE” .)
14
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.2.2 Measurement Menu
Example : Distance Mode
V-angle V
: 88°44’25”
H-angle HR
: 169°48’45”
Horizontal distance HD : 4.411m
Relative elevation VD
: 0.097m
Operation keys
1.2.3 Display Marks
Display
Contents
Display
Contents
V
V%
HR
HL
HD
VD
SD
N
E
Z
V-angle
Percent grade
H-angle right
H-angle left
Horizontal distance
Relative elevation
Slope distance
N coordinate
E coordinate
Z coordinate
m
ft
F
C
c
R
S
N
PPM
PSM
Meter unit
Feet unit
Fine mode
Coarse mode
Coarse 10mm mode
Repeat measurement
Single measurement
N-times measurement
Atmospheric correction value
Prism constant correction value
EDM working
NPM
Non-Prism constant correction value
NP
Non-prism mode
LNP
Non-prism long mode
*
Battery Level Indicator
Refer to see Chapter 2.4 “Battery Power
Remaining Display” . for further
information.
Rotation Indicator
Refer to Section 1.14 “Rotating Method”
for further information.
Laser emitting mark
Setting Non-prism long range
15
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
•
The symbol marks for Auto-tracking and Auto-collimating
Auto-collimating
(Laser is emitting)
The instrument is in auto-collimating
status.
Waiting (Laser is emitting)
The instrument is in waiting status.
Auto-tracking
(Laser is emitting)
The instrument is in auto-tracking
status.
Searching (Laser is emitting)
The instrument is searching a
prism.
Failure in auto-collimating.
(Laser is off)
The instrument could not find the
target prism during auto-collimating.
1.2.4 Display keys
Keys
ANG
Name of Key
Function
Auto-collimating
key
Turn the collimating ON/OFF.
Angle
measuring key
To be angle measuring mode.
Distance
measuring key
To be distance measuring mode.
Coordinate
measuring key
To be coordinate measuring mode.
REC
REC key
Result of measurement is transferred.
1.2.5 Shortcut Keys
Software Reset
[Shift]+[Func]+[ESC]
Windows Start Menu
[Ctrl]+[ESC]
Shortcut Commands
Continue tapping on an item
or
[Alt]+Tap on an item
Windows CE
Task Manager
16
[Alt]+[TAB]
to switch to another active program or to END Task on running program(s).
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.3 Backlight, Key Light Adjustment
1.3.1 How to Adjust Reducing Time of Backlight
To conserve battery power, this instrument would automatically turn the backlight off or reduce the
backlight brightness by itself when it’s not in use.
In addition, the instrument can control the backlight brightness automatically by an equipped
illuminometer.
You can adjust the settings of this function to conserve more battery power or set your liking.
1
Press the icon [Start]-[Settings]-[Control Panel]-[Power].
You can see the "Power Properties" screen on Display.
2
Press the tab [Backlight].
You can see the "Backlight" screen on Display.
17
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
3
Press the time-menu down arrow to select the reducing time.
Factory setting is ‘3 minutes' as default.
4
18
Press the [OK] key on title bar. After that "Power Properties" screen will close automatically.
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.3.2 Adjust the Backlight Brightness by Manual
1
On the "Backlight" screen, please check it 'OFF' "An illuminometer is used.”.
(Factory setting is 'ON' as default)
The "Brightness adjusting slide bar” will be appeared on Display.
2
Adjust the brightness by pressing [Dark-Bright] button.
3
Press the [OK] key on title bar. After that "Power Properties" screen will close automatically.
19
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.3.3 Selecting the Automatic Lighting Option
1
On the "Backlight" screen, select a Radio button from “Automatic lighting” column.
(Factory setting is “The light is switched on with an illuminometer.” as default)
2
Press the [OK] key on title bar. After that "Power Properties" screen will close automatically.
•
20
The “Time until it switches off a backlight.” time-menu is not activate if “The light is
switched on with an illuminometer.” option is selected.
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.3.4 Selecting the Key Light Option
The Key Light option:
[Key light is always off, Key light is always on, Key light synchronizes with backlight]
1
Press the tab [Key Light].
You can see the "Key Light" screen on Display.
2
Select a Radio button.
(Factory setting is “Key light synchronizes with backlight.” as default)
3
Press the [OK] key on title bar. After that "Power Properties" screen will close automatically
21
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.4 RAM Data Backup
If your device had not recharged during several days, the battery will be running down, and you would
lose all of data on the device other than that in the "Internal Disk (internal micro SD card)".
In addition, you might perform hardwarereset by the hardware problem or software problem. In this
case, you would lose all data same as the above.
You can use Backup function of the instrument in order to evade such kind of uneasiness. Your data will
be restored to latest condition 1) automatically when rebooting by using the Backup function.
The Backup function saves all data files of RAM (except for OS files), registry file and additionally
installed programs into named "Backup" folder in the "Internal Disk".
1) The conditions that you executed the backup function last.
* Restoring former backup data may be incomplete if you upgrade OS version.
1.4.1 Execute the Backup Function
Make sure the mode is Windows CE mode.
1
Press the icon [Start]-[Settings]-[Control Panel]-[Backup].
You can see the "RAM Backup" screen on Display.
2
Press the [RAM data backup] key.
You can see the "Confirmation screen" on display.
22
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
3
Press the [YES] key.
Backup function will start.
Return to "RAM Backup" screen automatically, when the data back up has been completed.
4
Press the [OK] key on title bar. After that "RAM Backup" screen will close automatically.
•
•
Backing up data may be incomplete if remaining capacity of "Internal Disk" is not enough.
Please make sure the remaining capacity of "Internal Disk" before proceeding to the data
back up.
Restoration will be impossible if you delete the "Backup" folder in the "Internal Disk".
23
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.4.2 Set the Automatic Backup for Every Suspension
1 On the "RAM Backup" Screen, please check it 'ON' the "RAM data will be backed up before
suspension.".
(Factory setting is 'ON' as default)
2
Press the [OK] key on title bar. After that, "RAM Backup" screen will close automatically.
1.4.3 Set the Restoration after Hardware Reset
1 On the "RAM Backup" Screen, check it 'ON' the "Data restoration after hard reset.".
(Factory setting is 'ON' as default)
2
24
Press the [OK] key on title bar. After that, "RAM Backup" screen will close automatically.
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.5 Hardware Reset
If your instrument not responding or an application hangs, please try to perform a software reset first.
Still, when useless, please perform hardware reset.
You will lose all of data on the device other than that in the "Internal Disk" after hardware reset
and will need to reinstall the applications and the data you install on your instrument.
Card cover lever
Stylus pen
1
Pull the card cover lever to open the card cover.
2
Insert the stylus into the unit of hardware reset
switch.
3
Press the switch for two seconds.
The instrument will reboot.
Hardware reset switch
1.6 Cover Sensor
Completely close the battery cover before using the instrument.
Battery cover
Battery
Cover sensor
•
•
If the battery cover is not completely closed, the instrument will not operate normally,
regardless of whether the battery or the external power source is used.
If the battery cover is opened while the instrument is in operation, operation will
automatically be suspended.
25
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.7 Touch Panel Calibration
If your instrument is not responding properly to your taps, you may need to calibrate the touch panel.
• How to calibrate the touch panel
1
Press the icon [Start]-[Settings]-[Control Panel][Stylus].
You can see the "Stylus Properties" screen on
Display.
26
2
Press the tab “Calibration”.
3
Press the [Recalibrate] key.
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
4
Using the stylus pen, press the center of the
targets on the screen.
5
After pressing all targets (5 points), press the
[ENT] key, or tap the display.
6
Press the [OK] key.
The display returns to previous menu.
27
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.8 Operating Panel Key
To operate the keys on the screen, touch them lightly with either the accessory stylus pen or your finger.
Use either the stylus pen or your finger.
Do not use a ballpoint pen or a pencil.
1.8.1 Operating Key
Light sensor
adjust backlight
Keys
The stylus pen is stored beside the display.
Name of Key
Function
0-9
Numeric key
Entering numerals.
Switching between wide-angle and telescopic images. (Keys [1] and [2])
Switching the cross-hairs. ON(black)/ON(white)/OFF (Key [9])
A -/
Alpha key
Esc
Escape key
Entering Alphabets.
Returning to the previous mode or display.
Star key
Star key mode is used for each presetting or displaying.
ENT
Enter key
Press at the end of inputting values.
Tab
Tab key
B.S.
Back space key
Shift
Shift key
Used with other keys. Refer to "1.2.5 Shortcut Keys".
Ctrl
Control key
Used with other keys. Refer to "1.2.5 Shortcut Keys".
Alt
Alt key
Used with other keys. Refer to "1.2.5 Shortcut Keys".
Func
Function key
Used with other keys. Refer to "1.2.5 Shortcut Keys".
Alphabet key
Switches the keys to alphabet input mode.
Cursor
S.P.
Space key
Input panel key
28
Microphone
Moves the cursor to the right or downwards.
When inputting numbers or characters, return the cursor to the left.
Moves the selected item or the cursor laterally and vertically.
Changes the image's magnification. ("Left" and "Right" keys)
Changes the image's brightness. ("Up" and "Down" keys)
Inputs a space.
Displays the software input panel.
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.8.2 Turning OFF the Touch Panel Function
To wipe away tarnish and dirt on the touch panel while the power is turned ON, you can shut down the
touch panel function according to the following directions.
•
1
•
1
Turning OFF the touch panel function.
Press the [
] key while holding down the [Func] key.
The touch panel function will shut down.
Turning ON the touch panel function.
Press the [Esc] key.
The touch panel function will resume operation.
1.9 Power OFF
When turning off the power, be sure to turn off the IS‘s power switch.
•
•
•
Do not turn off the power by removing the battery.
Before removing the battery, press the power switch and confirm that the power is off.
While using the external power source, do not turn off the IS with the switch on the external
power source.
If the above-mentioned operating procedure is not followed, then, the next time that power
is turned on, it will be necessary to reboot the IS.
If you turn off the power in measuring mode, the instrument goes into the suspend mode,
then when you restart, the screen may be dark for a few seconds.
29
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.10 Operation Key(Touch panel)
Functions can be switched using the operation keys at the bottom of the screen for each of the following
modes.
Angle measuring mode Page 1
Angle measuring mode Page 2
Distance measuring mode Page 1
Distance measuring mode Page 2
Coordinate measuring mode Page 1
Coordinate measuring mode Page 2
30
Angle measuring mode Page 3
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
Angle measuring mode
Page
Display
Function
0SET
Angle of horizontal is set to 0° 00'00".
HOLD
Holds the horizontal angle.
HSET
Sets the horizontal angle by input value.
1
P1
2
TILT
Sets the tilt function, ON/OFF.
If ON, the display shows tilt correction value.
V/%
Switches the vertical angle and percent grade.
R/L
Switches R/L rotation of horizontal angle.
P2
The function of operation keys on next page (P3).
TURN
3
The function of operation keys on next page (P2).
Turns the instrument.
---
---
---
---
P3
The function of operation keys on next page (P1).
Distance measuring mode
MEAS
Distance measuring starts.
MODE
Sets to the mode for Fine, Coarse or Coarse 10mm.
TURN
Turns the instrument.
1
P1
The function of operation keys on next page (P2).
S.O
To be stake out measurement mode.
---
---
---
---
P2
The function of operation keys on next page (P1).
2
Coordinate measuring mode
MEAS
Coordinate measuring starts.
MODE
Sets to the mode for Fine, Coarse or Coarse 10mm.
TURN
Turns the instrument.
1
P1
R.HT
INSHT
The function of operation keys on next page (P2).
Sets a Reflector Height by input value.
Sets an Instrument Height by input value.
2
OCC
P2
Sets an occupied point by input values.
The function of operation keys on next page (P1).
31
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.11 Star Key Mode
Press the star(
) key to view the instrument options.
The following instrument options can be selected from the star key:
Auto-tracking icon
Auto-collimating icon
Auto-Inversion icon
Auto-tracking parameters set icon
Signal level icon
Electric circular level icon
Point guide icon or Tracking indicator icon
Focus icon
Prism / Non-prism / Non-prism long
switching icon
Laser pointer icon
Prism constant value,
Atmospheric correction icon
Reticle illumination icon
•
Electric circular level
Electric circular level can be displayed by graphic. This function is good for level the instrument
when the circular level is difficult to see directly.
Rotate the leveling screws while observing the display.
32
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
• Tracking Indicator
A man who is staying on line with the direction of IS series or automatic tracking status by emitted LED
light (orange color) from IS series.
Operation
Pressing [Tracking indicator icon] on the screen. The tracking indicator status will be changed according
to the type of auto tracking mode and its conditions. A man from the prism side can recognize the status
of instrument.
When angle measuring value turns stable during tracking still object, the tracking indicator changes
from quick continuous flashing to quick intermittent flashing. So you can decide from the sign of flashing
for recording data timing at one person surveying.
Tracking indicator icon
OFF
ON
Meaning of Tracking Indicator ON or Flashing
Tracking Indicator
Status of instrument
Continuous ON
Waiting or Searching status
Slow flashing
Manual mode
Quick continuous flashing
In case angle measuring value is instable during auto tracking mode.
Quick intermittent flashing
In case angle measuring value is stable during auto tracking mode.
•
•
•
•
The function of the Tracking Indicator will be used as a guide to know the status of IS series
from the prism side. This is not a function to determine precise collimating for measuring.
he quality of its results will depend on the weather conditions and the use's eyesight.
Sometimes happens difficulty of seeing the tracking indicator because too much bright of
the beam for tracking.
Using Tracking Indicator mode will result shorter in reduced time out of the battery.
33
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
•
Signal mode
The light acceptance quantity level (Signal level) is displayed in this mode.
When reflected light from the prism is received, a buzzer sounds. This function is good for easy
collimation when the target is difficult to find.
The received return signal level is displayed with bar graph as follows.
•
Reticle illumination
Select the brightness by sliding [UP-DOWN] slider.
The brightness setting is stored in memory after power is turned off.
To turn on or off the reticle illumination, press the [reticle illumination] icon.
[OFF]
Reticle illumination icon
[UP-DOWN] slider
34
[ON]
Reticle illumination icon
[UP-DOWN] slider
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
•
Laser Pointer ON/ON(blink)/OFF
The laser pointer assists with collimation by radiating visible laser light from the objective lens to the
target. The laser pointer can be used for the Prism, Non-prism and Non-prism long mode.
Laser aperture
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Turn the auto-tracking ON/OFF
Press the Auto-tracking icon to start auto-tracking. See Section 3.1 “Automatic Tracking” .
Turn the auto-collimating ON/OFF
Press the Auto-collimating icon to start auto-collimating. See Section 3.2 “Automatic Collimation” .
Set the parameters for the auto-tracking
A proper setting for each parameter such as tracking pattern, tracking range, waiting time, tracking
speed and tracking sensitivity. See Section 3.4 “Setting Parameters for Auto-Tracking” .
Auto Inversion
Pressing the Auto-Inversion icon causes the instrument to reverse and turn the telescope and
instrument automatically. See Section 1.14 “Rotating Method” .
•
•
•
•
•
Laser pointer will be OFF when auto-tracking or auto-collimation is ON.
The laser pointer indicates the approximate collimation position of the telescope. It does
not indicate the exact collimation position.
When the EDM is working, the laser pointer will blink.
You cannot see the laser pointer when looking through the telescope. Therefore, please
look directly, with the naked eye, at the point indicated by the laser pointer.
The distance to which the laser pointer can be used will vary with climatic conditions and
with the eyesight of the user.
When the laser pointer is used, the operating time of internal power source will become
short.
When the IS is used in the open air, in an urban area, etc., the laser pointer can be
stopped and distance measurement then conducted, making it possible to prevent the
laser light from hitting a third party.
Use the operation keys on the telescope eyepiece side for key operation. If you use the
operation keys on the objective lens side, an error will be displayed and the laser pointer
will not turn on. This prevents the laser beam from hitting the eyes of the operator.
To stop auto rotating in case of emergency, press any keys except POWER key.
During auto rotation, do not disturb the instrument.(Stopping the rotation with a touch of
the hand). Such action may cause trouble or harm to instrument or operator.
Prism mode / non-prism mode / non-prism long mode
To switch the prism mode / non-prism mode / non-prism long mode, press the [Prism / Non-prism /
Non-prism long switching] icon. For more information, see Chapter 1.11.1 “Switching Measurement
Distance Modes”.
Prism constant value, Atmospherioc correction
Switch the prism constant value and atmospheric correction.
For more information, see Chapter 8 “SETTING THE PRISM / NON-PRISM CONSTANT
CORRECTION VALUE”, Chapter 9 “SETTING ATMOSPHERIC CORRECTION”.
Focus function
Switch the manual focus / assist-focus.
For more information, see Chapter 1.13 “Focus Function”.
The instrument is now in
manual focus mode.
The instrument is now in
assist focus mode.
35
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.11.1Switching Measurement Distance Modes
Pressing the [Prism / Non-prism / Non-prism long] icon displays the following screen.
Each mode can be switched by using the buttons as shown below.
•
Setting Measurement distance range of ‘Non-prism long mode’
It is possible to measure long distance in the Non-prism Long mode. However, not all beams can be
thrown onto the target object since the diameters become bigger at long distance. In such a case,
the beam may also reach behind (or front) the object and the measurement may cause
inaccuracies. (See “Precautions for Use of Non-prism long mode” on page 81.)
If there is a certain distance between the object and its rear (or front), the correct measurement can
be obtainable by setting the measuring range.
Input range
: 5m (17ft) - 1,800m (5,900ft)
Measuring range
: from the distance you input to 200m backward
[e.g.]
When the distance to the target object is about 500m and when the distance to the wall behind the
object is about 700m, input 400m and measure between 400m and 600m. This will eliminate the
wall 700m ahead.
About 700m
About 500m
400m
600m
Measuring range
To set measurement distance range, see Section 4.3.3“Setting Measurement distance range of
Non-prism long mode” .
36
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.11.2Setting by Using Star Key
[Example] : Switch on the laser pointer
1
2
Turn the power switch on.
3
Press the [Laser pointer] icon.
Press the [
] key.
The laser pointer will be turned on.
37
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.12 Auto Power Off
To save battery power, the IS would automatically turn the power off (suspend) by itself
when it’s not in use. You can adjust the settings of this function.
•
How to adjust the settings of auto power off function
1
Press the icon [Start]-[Settings][Control Panel]-[Power].
You can see the "Power Properties" screen on
Display.
2
Press the tab “Power Off”.
3
Press the time-menu down arrow to select the
auto power off time.
(Factory setting is '10 minutes' as default)
38
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
4
Press the [OK] key on title bar.
After that "Power Properties" screen will close
automatically.
While on external power, the auto power off function can be enabled too.
To set this function, please check it 'ON' the "Enable suspend while on external power” on
the "Power Off " screen, and select the auto power off time.
(Factory setting is 'OFF' as default)
39
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.13 Focus Function
The focus is adjusted with the manual or assist-focusing.
1.13.1Manual Focus
Adjust the focus with focus jog / shuttle.
Manual focusing will take precedence over assist-focusing.
When using focus jog / shuttle during assist-focus mode, the assist-focus mode will end.
Focus shuttle
Focus jog
: If you rotate the shuttle through large angles, the focus changes quickly.
If you rotate it through small angles, the focus changes slowly.
: The focus jog is used to focus more precisely. (fine focus)
Focus shuttle
Focus jog
1.13.2 Assist Focus
The focus is always adjusted with software.
This is a convenient function for confirming the collimated image on display or when focusing on a
moving object.
When using focus jog / shuttle, the assist-focus mode will end.
Note:
• The assist focusing may be completed roughly when the contrast with the target and its
circumference is low. In this case, focus the target manually by turning the focusing jog/
shuttle.
• If there is an object that has higher contrast than a prism or a target near the horizontal hair
line in the field of view, the instrument may focus to that object.
• If a strong light comes into the eyepiece, the assist focusing may not be completed.
• Before operating, the diopter adjustment should be done by turning the diopter ring so that
the cross hairs are clearly observed.
• If parallax is created between the cross hairs and the target, focusing is incorrect. This
adversely affects precision in surveying. Eliminate the parallax by turning the focusing knob
or using the diopter adjustment.
40
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.13.3 Setting Focus Function
[Example]
• Assist focus
1
2
3
4
5
Turn the power switch on.
Press the [
] key.
Use the sighting collimator to aim the target
roughly.
Press the [MF] icon.
The icon will change to [AF], and the
instrument will enter assist focus mode. Focus
adjustment is automatically done.
If you press the [AF] icon again, or turn the
focus jog/shuttle, the assist focus mode will
end.
The instrument is currently in manual
focus mode. Press the icon and mode will
switch to assist focus mode.
The instrument is currently in assist focus
mode. Press the icon and mode will switch
to manual focus mode.
41
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.14 Rotating Method
This mark will appear while the
instrument is rotating automatically. *1)
1.14.1Rotating by H/V Shuttle and H/V Jog
H/V shuttle or H/V jog can be used to rotate the instrument manually. The shuttle movement or
displacement is proportional in speed and size of angle desired. A small, slow turn of the shuttle will
result in a slow small angle displaced. Likewise, a larger abrupt turn of the shuttle will result in a coarse
angle displacement. H/V jog can be used for accurate collimating of the target much like a standard
tangent screw.
*1)The mark will not appear.
1.14.2Auto Inversion
Pressing the Auto-Inversion icon in Star Key mode causes the instrument to reverse and turn the
telescope and instrument automatically.
• To stop auto rotating by auto inversion key in case of emergency, press any keys except POWER
key.
• During auto rotation, don't disturb the instrument.(Stopping the rotation with a touch of the hand).
Such action may cause trouble or harm to instrument or operator.
For further instructions, See Section 1.11 “Star Key Mode” .
1.14.3Rotating automatically to a required Horizontal and Vertical angle
In Standard Measurement Modes, the instrument can be rotated automatically by input a required
horizontal and/or vertical angle.
For further instructions, see Section 4.2.5 “Automatic Rotation to a Required Horizontal and Vertical
Absolute Angle” .
42
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.15 Using together with RC-3 Remote Control System
Using together with RC-3 Remote Control System makes it possible to optical communicate between
the instrument and remote controller RC-3, the prism side. This gives easy operation by one man
surveying in applying programs.
Also connecting data collector to remote controller, you can manage communication reciprocally
between the instrument and direct to data collector.
Turn-round function
You can turn the IS series round to the remote controller side easily by [Turn-round] key of the remote
controller. This function helps to increase one man surveying efficiency.
RC-3
See to 5 “PROGRAM MODE” and 6 “PARAMETERS SETTING MODE” for further information.
• Set the transmit channel same as the remote controller side.
43
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.16 Using connecting with Personal Computer (PC)
The auto-tracking function or auto collimating function makes easy remote control of the instrument
from PC. The followings are the main communication commands and explanations. How to
communicate or more informations of communication command, you can see the interface manual
which provided optionally.
Commands
Transmit
command
Action of IS series
Transmit command for measured data
Each measured data will be out put
according to the command type.
Transmit command for tracking mode
The status of Automatic Tracking mode
will be out put.
Transmit command for battery level
The battery level will be out put.
Transmit command for coordinate of
instrument point
Setting coordinate of instrument point will
be out put.
Transmit command for additional
tracking information
Tracking information will be added into the
output data in accordance with the setting
of the instrument.
Setting of angle measurement
Each selecting mode in horizontal angle
or angle measurement can be decided
according to the purpose of command.
Setting of distance measurement
Setting the measurement mode for
distance measurement.
Setting coordinate of instrument point
Setting the coordinate of instrument point.
Setting the tracking parameter
Setting each tracking parameter
according to the command.
T.I. ON / OFF
ON / OFF of Tracking indicator.
Rotating command
Rotating of setting angle.
Inversion
Inversion movement.
Setting tracking mode
Setting from automatic tracking mode to
each command mode.
Mode setting
Action
•
44
Please refer to the IS Series Interface Manual (sold separately) for details about connection
to the instrument.
1 NOMENCLATURE AND FUNCTIONS
1.17 Using the USB Port
USB
Type miniB (Active Sync)
Type A (USB Memory)
•
Using ActiveSync
For Type mini B, refer to Chapter 2.9 “Active Sync”.
•
Using a USB memory
1
Open the USB connector cover.
2
Insert a USB memory into the Type A side.
3
Confirm that the USB memory has been recognized.
When using the USB port (mini B, Type A), do not rotate the instrument.
It will cause damage to the instrument, USB memory or F-25 cable.
45
2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
2
PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
2.1 Power Connection
Obtain power from BT-65Q battery or an external battery.
•
When using the BT-65Q, leave the power of the instrument switched ON.
External battery
•
Selecting an external battery
When using an external battery, select the battery type, either “Li-ion” or “12V BATTERY.”
Regarding operating procedures, refer to Chapter 6 “PARAMETERS SETTING MODE” .
46
2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
2.2 Setting Instrument Up For Measurement
Mount the instrument to the tripod. Level and center the instrument precisely to insure the best
performance. Use tripods with a tripod screw of 5/8 in. diameter and 11 threads per inch, such as the
Type E TOPCON wide- frame wooden tripod.
Reference: Leveling and Centering the Instrument
1. Setting up the Tripod
First, extend the extension legs to suitable lengths
and tighten the screws on their midsections.
2
2. Attaching the Instrument on the Tripod
Head
Place the instrument carefully on the tripod head
and slide the instrument by loosening the tripod
screw. If the plumb bob is positioned right over the
center of the point, slightly tighten the tripod
screw.
3. Roughly Leveling the Instrument by Using
the Circular Level
1 Turn the leveling screws A and B to move the
bubble in the circular level. The bubble is now
located on a line perpendicular to a line
running through the centers of the two leveling
screws being adjusted.
Leveling screw C
Rotate the instrument 90° (100g) around its
vertical axis and turn the remaining leveling
screw or C to center the bubble once more.
Leveling screw C
90
3
Repeat the procedures 1 and 2 for each 90°
(100g) rotation of the instrument and check
whether the bubble is correctly centered for all
four points.
5. Centering by Using the Optical Plummet
Telescope
Adjust the eyepiece of the optical plummet
telescope to your eyesight.
Slide the instrument by loosening the tripod
screw, place the point on the center mark, and
then tighten the tripod screw. Sliding the
instrument carefully not to rotate that allows you
to get the least dislocation of the bubble.
Leveling
screw A
2
Leveling screw B
Point
Center mark
Turn the leveling screw C to bring the bubble
to the center of the circular level.
4. Centering by Using the Plate Level
1 Rotate the instrument horizontally by using
the Horizontal motion/clamp screw and place
the plate level parallel with the line connecting
leveling screws A and B, and then bring the
bubble to the center of the plate level by
turning leveling screws A and B.
Leveling
screw A
6. Completely Leveling the Instrument
Leveling the instrument precisely in a similar way
to 4. Rotate the instrument and check to see that
the bubble is in the center of the plate level
regardless of telescope direction, then tighten the
tripod screw hard.
Leveling
screw B
47
2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
2.3 Power Switch Key ON
1
Confirm the instrument is leveled.
Turn the power switch ON.
Progress bar will be displayed during reloading
the Operating System, after you turn the
instrument on at the first time or perform
hardware reset.
You will see the Desktop display of Windows CE
with “Standard Meas.” icon.
2
Press the “Standard Meas.” icon.
Main menu
The main menu will be displayed.
Battery Power Remaining Display
•
48
Confirm the battery power remaining on the display. Replace with charged battery or charge when
battery level is low. see section 2.4“Battery Power Remaining Display” .
2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
2.4 Battery Power Remaining Display
Battery power remaining display indicates the power condition.
Battery Power Remaining Display
Measurement is possible.
The power is poor. The battery should be recharged or replaced
with a fully charged battery.
Measurement is impossible -- need to recharge or replaces the battery.
Note:
1) The battery operating time will vary depending on the environmental conditions such as
ambient temperature, charging time, the number of times of charging and discharging etc. It
is recommended for safety to charge the battery beforehand or to prepare spare full charged
batteries.
2) For general usage of the battery, see Chapter 11 “POWER SOURCE AND CHARGING” .
3) The battery power remaining display shows the power level regarding to the measurement
mode now operating.
The safety condition indicated by the battery power remaining display in the angle
measurement mode does not necessarily assure the battery‘s ability to be used in the
distance measurement mode.
It may happen that the mode change from the angle mode to the distance mode will stop the
operation because of insufficient battery power for the distance mode which consumes more
power than angle mode.
4) When the measurement mode is changed, it rarely may happen that the Battery Power
Remaining Display will decrease or increase two steps momentarily because of the
accuracy of the battery checking system is rough. It is not trouble with the instrument.
49
2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
2.5 Vertical and Horizontal Angle Tilt Correction
When the tilt sensors are activated, automatic correction of vertical and horizontal angle for
mislevelment is displayed.
To ensure a precise angle measurement, tilt sensors must be turned on. The display can also be used
to fine level the instrument. If the (TILT OVER) display appears the instrument is out of automatic
compensation range and must be leveled manually.
Zenith
Standing axis
Zenith
Standing axis
Inclination of the standing
axis in the Y direction
Inclination of the standing
axis in the X direction
Trunnion axis
Horizontal
•
•
IS compensates both the vertical angle and the horizontal angle readings due to inclination of the
standing axis in the X and Y directions.
For more information about dual axis compensation, see Chapter 19 “APPENDIX” .
When the instrument is out of compensation. (TILT OVER)
Standing Axis in the X direction
out of range
•
50
Standing Axis in the Y direction
out of range
Standing Axis in the X and Y
directions out of range
The display of Vertical or Horizontal angle is unstable when instrument is on an unstable stage or a
windy day. You can turn off the auto tilt correction function of V/H angle in this case. To set TILT
correction mode ON/OFF, refer to section 2.5.1 “Setting Tilt Correction by Operation Key”or Chapter
6 “PARAMETERS SETTING MODE”
2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
2.5.1 Setting Tilt Correction by Operation Key
[Example] Setting Tilt OFF
•
1
Press the [P1] key to get the page 2.
2
Press the [TILT] key.
Current setting is displayed.
3
Press [OFF] key.
4
Press [EXIT] key.
The display returns previous mode.
The setting performed here will be interlocked with setting in Chapter 6 “PARAMETERS SETTING
MODE”
2.5.2 Correction of a Tilt Sensor setting error
An error in setting up the Tilt Sensor can be automatically corrected with the Self Checking function.
See Chapter 7.6 “Self Checking Mode” .
51
2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
2.6 Compensation of Systematic Error of Instrument
1) Error of vertical axis (X,Y tilt sensor offset)
2) Collimation error
3) Error of vertical angle 0 datum
4) Error of horizontal axis
The above mentioned errors can be compensated by software, which calculated internally
according to each compensation value.
Also these errors can be compensated by software collimating one side of the telescope that is
carried out to delete the error by turning in normal and reverse both sides of telescope so far.
•
•
52
To adjust or reset the above compensation value, see Chapter 7 “CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT” .
Enable you to stop this function, see Chapter 6 “PARAMETERS SETTING MODE” or Chapter 7
“CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT”
2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
2.7 How to Enter Numerals and Alphabet Letters
This instrument supports two ways to enter numerals and alphabet letters.
One is by physical(hardware) keyboard that is similar to cellular phone method.
Three alphabet characters are assigned to one numeral key.
The other is by using the software input panel.
Press the [
] key or press keyboard icon on the task bar will invoke the software input panel.
• [Example] : Enter “job_104” as the New Folder name by physical(hardware) keyboard.
Make sure the mode is Windows CE desktop screen.
1
Press and hold the background of Desktop for
two seconds.
You can see the "Pull down menu" on Display.
2
Select “New Folder”.
You can see the "New Folder" waiting a new
name inputting on Display.
53
2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
3
Press the [
letter mode.
] key to be entering alphabet
Alphabet letter mode indicator will be appeared
on the task bar.
Alphabet letter mode indicator
4
Enter Alphabets.
Input 'j',
Press [4](JKL)key. then the sub window
featuring 'j' character will appear on the display
which indicate a entering character.
Then ‘j’ will be displayed.
5
Input 'o',
Press [5](MNO),[5],[5].
The character in the sub window will be altered
'm', 'n', 'o'.
Then ‘o’ will be appended after ‘j’.
m
54
n
o
6
Input ‘b’,
Press [7](ABC), [7].The character in the sub
window will be altered 'a', 'b'.
Then ‘b’ will be appended after ‘jo’.
7
Input ‘_’,
Press [3](YZ_), [3], [3].
The character in the sub window will be altered
'y', 'z', ‘_’.
Then ‘_’ will be appended after ‘job’.
2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
8
Press the [
] key to be returning numeric
mode.
Alphabet letter mode indicator will be
disappeared on the task bar.
9
Input ‘104’,
Press [1], [0], [4].
Then ‘104’ will be appended after ‘job_’.
10 Press the [ENT] key.
In alphabet letter mode, [Shift] + [0-9,.-] keys perform uppercase character.
55
2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
•
Invoke the software input panel.
1
Press the [ ] key or press keyboard icon on
the task bar and select “Keyboard”
You can see the software input panel on display.
You can input data as if you were typing on your
PC keyboard.
To change the keyboard:
Press the [CAP] key or the [au] key.
2
56
To hide the software input panel, press the [ ]
key or press keyboard icon on the task bar and
select “Hide Input Panel”.
2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
2.8 Data Memory Card
•
How to insert a data memory card(CF card)
Card guide
Card cover
Data memory
card
Card cover
lever
1
2
Push up the card cover lever to open the card cover.
Insert a data memory card.
Please make sure you have the front and back of the CF cards facing correctly when inserting into
the card slot.
If you forcibly insert the card incorrectly, the pin at the card slot may be damaged and cause a
breakdown.
Front of the card
Please insert straight up into the card slot.
If you forcibly insert the card at an angle, the pin at the card slot may be damaged and cause a
breakdown.
3
•
Close the card cover.
How to extract a data memory card
1
2
3
4
Push up the card cover lever to open the card cover.
Pull down the card guide.
Note: Hold the card with your hand to protect the card against falling.
Extract the card.
Close the card cover.
57
2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
2.9 Active Sync
Microsoft ActiveSync is the data synchronization software:
It synchronizes data between Windows CE devices (such as the IS) and PCs.
Using ActiveSync, the IS can exchange data to a PC via USB cable.
To establish a connection between the instrument and your PC, you first need to install ActiveSync in
your PC.
For downloading ActiveSync, access the following website.
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsmobile/
2.9.1 Getting Connected
1
Install ActiveSync in your PC (if it is not already installed).
2
Connect the instrument to your PC with an interface cable F-25 as shown below.
IS
PC
USB Port (A)
Interface(USB) cable F-25
USB Port (mini B)
3
The instrument will give the prompt, “Conneting to Host”.
4
The PC will prompt you to set up a partnership or set up as a guest.
5
Select the [NO] key to setting up as a guest.
6
Press the [Next] key.
Once a connection has been established, the ActiveSync window will appear on your PC.
7
Click the [Explorer] icon. You will then see the IS file structure.
2.10 Confirming the Bluetooth® Device Address and Setting the PIN
code
You can confirm the Bluetooth® address and set the PIN code.
Refer to Chapter 6 “PARAMETERS SETTING MODE” , Chapter 6.1.2 “Communication” .
To communicate between the instrument and some other Bluetooth-enabled instrument, it is necessary
to make the PIN codes of both instruments identical.
If two PIN codes don’t coincide, the two instrument cannot communicate each other.
For setting the PIN code of other Bluetooth-enabled instrument, see the instrument’s instruction
manual.
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2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
2.11 Setting up wireless LAN
It is possible to connect to a wireless network using the wireless LAN function.
2.11.1Turning on the power for wireless LAN
1
Press the icon in the following order:
[Start]-[Setting]-[Control Panel]-[WLan Power].
The “Wireless LAN Power” screen will be
displayed.
2
Press the [Power ON] key.
Power for the wireless LAN will turn on.
ON
2.11.2Displaying the network setting screen
1
Turn on the wireless LAN power.
2
Press the icon in the following order:
[Start]-[Setting]-[Network and Dial-up
Connections]-[NJT499A1].
The network setting screen will be displayed.
59
2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
2.11.3Displaying the wireless LAN setting screen
1
Double tap the network icon above the taskbar.
2
Select the “Wireless Information” tab.
The wireless LAN setting screen will be
displayed.
2.11.4Example of wireless LAN setting
•
When connecting to a wireless LAN access point
1
Turn on the wireless LAN power.
2
Display the network setting screen.
(Refer to "2.11.2 Displaying the network setting
screen".)
3
Set the IP address, etc. that coincides with the
LAN you are connecting to.
4
Select the access point name on the wireless
LAN setting screen in order to set up an access
point of connection.
Example:
AP
The “Wireless Properties” screen will be
displayed.
5
Select a suitable Encryption for the wireless
LAN used. (For more information on encryption,
refer to the manual for wireless LAN access
point.)
6
Press [OK].
Connection setting is complete.
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2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
•
When connecting the IS and a device directly (ad hoc connection)
1
Turn on the wireless LAN power.
2
Display the network setting screen.
(Refer to "2.11.2 Displaying the network setting
screen".)
3
Set up IP address.
Example:
IP Address : 192.168.1.2
Subnet Mask : 255.255.255.0
4
Press [OK].
5
Display the wireless LAN setting screen to
create wireless LAN connection information.
(Refer to "2.11.3 Displaying the wireless LAN
setting screen".)
6
Double tap [Add New…].
7
Enter the name of the network.
Example:
TOPCON
8
Check the checkbox for [This is an ad hoc
network].
9
Set up Authentication.
Example:
Authentication : Open
Encryption : Disabled
(Set up in the following order:
Authentication-Encryption)
10 Set up the device you are connecting to.
It should be set so that the IP address is not the
same as the IS.
Example:
IP Address : 192.168.1.3
Subnet Mask : 255.255.255.0
11 Set up the wireless LAN information on the
device you are connecting to in the same
manner as the IS.
(Network name, Authentication, Encryption)
Connection setting is complete.
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2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
2.12 Inclination of Prism and Measuring Error
For the best results, aim or point prisms in the direction of the IS series so that maximum signal can be
returned to the instrument. Sighting prism obliquely because of inclined settings, may result in
measuring errors. These errors will be proportional to the misalignment as showing in following graphs.
The more misalignment of the prism, the more error in measurement.
Measured data can be different according to the prism constant value. This can occur when a prism is
moving. Pin-pole prism set L1 (for one-person surveying) and pin-pole prism holder L1 (for fixed point
observation) are designed to minimize measuring error in such case. Make the best use of them. In
case you are forced to use the normal prism in inclined state because there is no other way possible,
we recommend to use switching holder, prism constant value (0 or 30mm), and set to 30mm
(Compensation value of -30mm).
Prism constant value : 0mm
Prism
Inclined angle
Instrument
point
Measuring
point
Prism constant value : 30mm
Inclined angle
62
2 PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT
Prism type-2 (Normal prism)
Distance Measuring error
•
Angle measuring error
22
6
5
16
4
C=0
Angle error
range
Increasing
distance 3
range
( mm ) 12
C=0
( mm ) 2
8
C=30
C=30
1
4
C=40
0
-1
C=40
0
0
10
20
-2
30
0
20
30
Inclined angle (degree)
Inclined angle (degree)
•
10
Prism type - 3 or 5 (Prism unit A2/A3/A6)
Angle measuring error
Distance Measuring error
Angle error
range
Increasing
distance
range
( mm )
( mm)
Inclined angle (degree)
Inclined angle (degree)
(Example)
In case Prism constant value (C) = 0mm, Prism inclination = 20°, Measuring distance = 100m by Prism
type-2 :
• Distance error is :
From the graph prism type-2, the distance error shows in increasing range quantity 2.5mm along
curved line of C=0 when prism inclination is 20°.
• Angle error is :
From the graph prism type-2, along curved line of C=0 with prism inclination of 20°, find angle error
quantity (14.2mm) and calculate angle error by the following formula.
 --------------------------------------------------------------


 --------------------------


″
63
3 AUTOMATIC TRACKING / AUTOMATIC COLLIMATION
3
AUTOMATIC TRACKING / AUTOMATIC COLLIMATION
WARNING
•
Cause eye injury or blindness.
Do not stare into beam.
CAUTION
•
64
Let the laser beam reach the aimed object or the target without anybody else in the laser beam path. In
case you operate laser beam open, avoid radiating laser beam to the height of man's head. It is quite
possible for the beam to enter into one's eyes, and it is possible to lose visual sight temporarily, and lose
one's caution and awareness of other dangers - avoid glaring beam.
3 AUTOMATIC TRACKING / AUTOMATIC COLLIMATION
3.1 Automatic Tracking
The instrument will measure the moving target(prism) in automatic tracking mode.
• It is possible to perform auto-tracking only in prism mode.
When switched to the automatic tracking mode, it becomes prism mode from Non-prism mode/Nonprism long mode automatically. Moreover, after the end of an automatic tracking does not return to
Non-prism mode/Non-prism long mode.
• The prism should be stable when beginning auto-tracking. Moreover, when the prism is locked from
the search, it is similar.
• The Coarse 10mm mode must be used when measuring distance continuously for the moving
prism. In other modes, it is impossible to measure the distance continuously.
• Change to the Fine mode when measuring the distance with high accuracy for the stationary prism.
1
Roughly collimate the target prism using V/H
jog/shuttle.
(Refer to Section 3.3 “Range of Laser for Autotracking and Auto-collimating”.)
2
Press the star [
mode.
3
Press the Auto-tracking icon. The mode will be
automatic tracking mode.
The instrument searches the prism and tracks
it automatically.
4
Choose measuring modes by pressing the
operation keys.
Measuring starts.
•
] key to set the star key
When you wish to cancel the automatic tracking
mode, press the star [
] again, and then
press the Auto-tracking icon.
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3 AUTOMATIC TRACKING / AUTOMATIC COLLIMATION
If the target prism is lost during auto tracking status, the instrument will automatically change to Waiting
status. If the target is found during Waiting status, tracking resumes, and if not, status changes to
Searching status. The instrument and telescope rotate to search the target prism. When the target prism
is found, tracking will resume.
•
Star key
mode
Automatic tracking
Tracking status
Normal
mode
The target prism is lost
Waiting status
The target prism
is found
The target prism is not found
for some time
Searching status
•
The following symbol marks are indicated at the upper side of the display.
In each status, laser beam is emitting.
Tracking status
Waiting status
Searching status
•
•
•
Auto tracking status can sometimes be unstable for a few seconds after the optical path is disturbed.
If the stationary target prism center is not collimated correctly, you should adjust optical axis for autotracking. Refer to Section 7.2.3 “Inspection and Adjustment of Optic Axis for Auto -Tracking”.
Under the bad weather condition, for example, when the heat shimmer is generated in a great degree or
when visibility is poor, tracking may be unstable or the instrument may not track the prism center.
•
66
Use the operation keys on the telescope eyepiece side for key operation. If you use the
operation keys on the objective lens side, an error will be displayed and auto-tracking will
not start.
3 AUTOMATIC TRACKING / AUTOMATIC COLLIMATION
3.2 Automatic Collimation
The function enables the instrument to search and collimate automatically the center of the prism when
the telescopic is aimed at a prism roughly. (in the range of approx. ±5°)
Use this mode for the object which is stable.
• You can select Fine or Course mode for the distance measurement in auto-collimation.
1
Collimate the target prism roughly using V/H
jog/shuttle.
2
Press the Auto-collimating icon.
The automatic collimation mode is set. The
instrument searches the prism and, when it is
found, “ Pi ” is heard.
The automatic collimation is completed.
3
Choose measuring modes by pressing the
operation keys.
Measuring starts.
Sample: Horizontal distance measuring
•
It is possible to use the auto collimation during
the star key mode.
•
In case the instrument could not find the prism during auto-collimating, the instrument returns to normal
mode after displaying the mark as follows.
•
If any key is pressed during auto-collimating, the auto-collimating mode is ended and the instrument
returns to normal mode.
After auto-collimating is finished, the instrument does not track the prism even if the prism is moved.
The auto-collimating can not be done correctly in the time of shaking prism, or under bad weather
condition for example, when the heat shimmer is generated in a great degree or when visibility is poor.
The above caution mark will be displayed after 10 seconds and the auto-collimating will be finished.
•
•
•
Use the operation keys on the telescope eyepiece side for key operation. If you use the
operation keys on the objective lens side, an error will be displayed and auto-collimation
will not start.
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3 AUTOMATIC TRACKING / AUTOMATIC COLLIMATION
3.3 Range of Laser for Auto-tracking and Auto-collimating
The range of laser at the long distance is within ±30' as shown below. So you had better collimate the
prism so that the prism may be located within this range of laser in the first step. As for it, rapid
automatic collimating and automatic tracking becomes possible. If the target prism is out of this range,
time for searching mode will be necessary to take a longer time for automatic collimating/tracking.
Field of view of telescope
about ±30'
Range of tracking laser beam
about ±30'
The range of the laser beam for auto-tracking in a short distance is almost the same as a telescopic
filed of view. Therefore, quick starting of auto-tracking and auto-collimating are possible if the prism is
contained in the telescopic field of view.
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3 AUTOMATIC TRACKING / AUTOMATIC COLLIMATION
3.4 Setting Parameters for Auto-Tracking
A proper setting for each parameter are necessary for custom use.
The setting of the parameters can be done in the star key mode.
The setting here will be stored in the memory after the power is turned OFF.
3.4.1 Setting Items
Items
Selecting item
Contents
SEARCH
PATTERN
PATTERN 1
SEARCH
RANGE
V:0° to 90°
H:0° to180°
The search range is the area to searched for the prism by rotating
the telescope and body in searching. The SEARCH range is
decided from the point where the prism lost, and the values will be
set to plus and minus directions in horizontal and vertical. Also it is
enable to set each search pattern separately.
WAIT TIME
0:00 to1:00:00
(1sec. step)
The time the prism is lost before IS series starts the searching. If the
mode is set to [HOLD], mode will not change to searching.
PATTERN 2
The search range is the area to searched for the prism by rotating
the telescope and body in searching.
HOLD
TRACKING
SPEED
SURVEY
Select SURVEY usually.
REFLECTOR
TYPE
PRISM
PREDICTION
CTRL TIME
0.5sec./ 1sec. /
After the instrument loses a prism, the time (prediction operation
2sec. /3sec. / 4sec time) for the instrument to continue moving operation can be set up.
/ 5sec.
MACHINE
CONTROL
The type of the reflector can be selected.
REFLECTOR
TAPE
1) Search Patterns
The search pattern is the rotating method of telescope and instrument to find the target prism in search
mode. Search pattern includes the following 2 ways that can be selected.
PATTERN 1
This pattern can be selected to search the prism at the point where the prism is lost.
Instrument searches in up down direction gradually from the point where the prism is lost.
The searching is arranged to 2 times until the prism is found.
The auto tracking mode changes to manual mode when the reflector could not found out
within 2 times searching, and returns to the point where the reflector is lost.
PATTERN 2
This pattern can be selected to search for the prism. The search pattern tries to locate the
prism in a very short time.
The searching is arranged to 2 times until the reflector is found.
The auto tracking mode changes to manual mode when the reflector could not found out
within 2 times searching, and returns to the point where the reflector is lost.
•
•
Things like heat haze might interfere with the tracking system in the long distance, near limit of auto
tracking range, in search mode.
Reaction by rotating of instrument in search mode is serious. Be sure of each connection part of the
tribrach or tripod are firmly.
69
3 AUTOMATIC TRACKING / AUTOMATIC COLLIMATION
2) Search Range
The search range is the area to searched for the prism by rotating the telescope and body in Searching.
The Search range is decided from the point where the prism lost, and the values will be set to plus and
minus directions in horizontal and vertical.
Select search pattern first, and set the search range to the selected search pattern. Also it is enable to
set each search pattern separately.
[Example] SEARCH RANGE : 10° in horizontal, 5° in vertical
Search range
+5°
10°
-5°
Point where prism lost
-10°
+10°
20°
Setting Search range requires consideration. The items to think about: optical path interrupted by other
objects; collimated point from IS series to prism is shifted after Turning and Searching Command;
possible other prisms, targets, or other objects to interfere with tracking the desired prism; and many
other examples all play a role in determining the search range.
Note: This search range is only for auto-tracking function. The search range of auto-collimating is fixed
as ±5° in both directions horizontal and vertical.
3) Wait Time
The time the prism is lost before IS series starts the searching. Setting time is 1second step maximum
60 minutes.
If the mode is set to [HOLD], mode will not change to searching.
4) Tracking Speed
Choose the mode of “Survey” or “Machine Control” according to the purpose of measurement.
SURVEY
•
•
•
•
MACHINE
CONTROL
•
In case requiring auto aiming in high accuracy to the prism which is still.
Suitable for fixed point observation, management of landslides, surveying
displacement of dam.
When beginning auto-tracking, the instrument needs to collimate stable prism.
Suitable for controlling of construction machinery or real time surveying of variety
traveling objects.
When beginning auto-tracking, the instrument can track a prism, even if the prism is
moving.
Note: If the Machine Control mode is chosen, the IS may incorrect-track the headlight of a car etc.
temporarily.
5) Reflector type
You can choose a reflector type according to reflective objects such as Prism-2 or reflector tape.
This setting will reduce incorrect tracking.
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3 AUTOMATIC TRACKING / AUTOMATIC COLLIMATION
6) Prediction operating time
After the instrument loses a prism, the time (prediction operation time) for the instrument to continue
moving operation can be set up.
During auto tracking operation, when auto tracking axis between the instrument and a prism is
intercepted by a tree etc., the moving is continued supposing a motion (prediction) of the prism till then.
It is effective in auto tracking operation after the prism is intercepted with the obstacle by this function.
When an obstacle is large, the prediction operation time should be set up long.
Moreover, when you want to terminate auto tracking operation immediately at the point which missed
the prism, and to be changed into a search state. Prediction operation time should be set up short.
Settable time: 0.5sec, 1sec, 2sec, 3sec, 4sec, 5sec
3.4.2 How to set the parameters
Sample setting: Reflector Type [Prism], Prediction Ctrl Time [5 sec], Track Speed [Survey]
1
Press the star [
mode.
2
Press the [Auto-tracking parameters set] icon.
3
Press the [Track Setting] key.
4
Select the Reflector Type.
5
Select the Prediction Ctrl Time.
6
Select the Track Speed.
7
Press the Enter key.
] key to set the star key
71
4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4
STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
Angle measurement, Distance measurement, Coordinate measurement .
Press the [MEAS] icon.
4.1 Screen Displays
In the standard measurement mode, the collimation screen is displayed on the display device except
during collimation with the telescope.
The images include a telescopic image and a wide-angle image.
• Telescopic image : An image similar to that obtained by collimation with the telescope is displayed.
• Wide-angle image : An image with a wide-angle is displayed.
4.1.1 Switching between Telescopic Image and Wide-Angle Image
When numeric key [1] is pressed, a telescopic
image appears.
When numeric key [2] is pressed, a wide-angle
image appears.
See section 1.8.1“Operating Key”.
It is also possible to switch between a
telescopic image and a wide-angle image by
tapping the screen.
* The focus of telescopic images is adjusted
with the telescope focusing knob.
Displays the current mode.
TELE: Telescopic image
WIDE: Wide-angle image
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4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.1.2 Changing the Image's Magnification
When the [←] cursor key is pressed,
magnification decreases.
When the [→] cursor key is pressed,
magnification increases.
Displays the current magnification.
There are 4 magnifications: 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 and 8.0
4.1.3 Adjusting the Image's Brightness
When the [↑] cursor key is pressed,
the brightness becomes brighter.
When the [↓] cursor key is pressed,
the brightness becomes darker.
* Adjust the brightness to make the image
clearer.
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4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.1.4 Switching the Cross-Hairs On and Off
Each time numeric key [9] is pressed,
the cross-hairs appear or disappear from the
image.
Each time the [9] key is pressed, the crosshairs on the screen image will change.
(Black/White/OFF)
74
4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.2 Angle Measurement
4.2.1 Measuring Horizontal Angle Right and Vertical Angle
Make sure the mode is in angle measurement
1
Collimate the 1st target (A).
2
Set horizontal angle of target (A) at 0° 00' 00".
Press the [0SET] key and the [YES] key.
3
Collimate the 2nd target (B).
The required H/V angle to target B will be
displayed.
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4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.2.2 Switching Horizontal Angle Right/Left
Make sure the mode is angle measurement.
1
Press the [P1] key to get on the page 2.
2
Press the [R/L] key.
The mode Horizontal angle Right(HR) switches
to angle Left(HL) mode.
3
Measure the target in the same manner as HR
mode.
Every time pressing the [R/L] key is pressed, HR/HL mode switches.
•
.
Reference : How to Collimate
1
2
3
Point the telescope toward the light. Turn the diopter ring and adjust the diopter so that the cross
hairs are clearly observed.
(Turn the diopter ring toward you first and then backward to focus.)
Aim the target at the peak of the triangle mark of the sighting collimator. Allow a certain space
between the sighting collimator and yourself for collimating.
Focus the target with the assist focus
key or focus jog/shuttle.
If parallax is created between the cross
hairs and the target when viewing
vertically or horizontally while looking
into the telescope, focusing is incorrect
or diopter adjustment is poor.
This adversely affects precision in
measurement or survey.
Eliminate the parallax by carefully
focusing and using diopter adjustment.
Telescope eyepiece (Diopter ring)
For more information about assist focus function, see section 1.13“Focus Function” .
76
4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.2.3 Measuring from the Required Horizontal Angle
1) Setting by Holding the Angle
Make sure the mode is angle measurement.
1
Set the required horizontal angle, using
Horizontal jog/shuttle.
Example : 90°20'30"
2
Press the [HOLD] key.
3
Collimate the target.*1)
4
Press the [YES] key to finish holding the
horizontal angle.
The display turns back to normal angle
measurement mode.
1
Collimate the target.
2
Press the [HSET] key.
3
Input the required horizontal angle.
*1)To return to the previous mode, press the [NO] key.
2) Setting a Horizontal Angle from the Keys
Make sure the mode is angle measurement.
70.2030
For example:70°20'30"
Input 70.2030
4
Press the [SET] key. *1)
When completed, normal measuring from the
required Horizontal angle is possible.
*1)With wrong input value(for example 70'), setting will not be completed. Input again from step 3.
77
4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.2.4 Vertical Angle Percent Grade(%) Mode
Make sure the mode is angle measurement.
1
Press the [P1] key to get on the page 2.
2
Press the [V/%] key. *1)
*1) Every time pressing the [V/%] key, the display mode switches.
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4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.2.5 Automatic Rotation to a Required Horizontal and Vertical Absolute Angle
The IS series can be rotated to a required horizontal and vertical absolute angle by direct key input.
Example: Both vertical and horizontal angle
1
At angle measuring mode (Page 3), press the
[TURN] key.
2
Select item to rotate.
[Example]: V, H ANGLE
3
Input angle.
For example:50°20'30"
Input 50.2030
4
Press the [SET] key.
Rotation will begin.
After completing the rotation, it will return to the
previous mode.
*1) Setting range for rotation is ;
0°00' 00"≤ V <+360° 00' 00"
0°00' 00"≤ HR <+360° 00' 00"
*2) Press any key except power key to stop rotating in emergency during operation.
*3) You can select a accuracy of the actual stopping angular positions. Refer to Chapter 6 “PARAMETERS
SETTING MODE” .
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4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.3 Distance Measurement
Note: Those distance shorter than 1m and 400m or more will not be displayed in Non-prism
mode.
Those distance shorter than 4.5m and 2010m or more will not be displayed in Nonprism long mode.
•
Prism mode and Non-prism mode
In IS series, the distance measurement will be done using invisible pulse laser beam emitted from pulse
laser diode. You can select measurement mode between Prism mode which collimating a prism and
Non-prism mode, Non-prism long mode that is collimating a target object except prism.
•
•
•
For measurement with a prism, be sure to measure with the prism mode. If you measure with the
non-prism mode and non-prism long mode accuracy cannot be guaranteed.
Non-prism mode and non-prism long mode enable all distance measurements such Distance
measurement, Coordinate measurement, Offset measurement and Layout.
To switch over Prism mode to Non-prism mode or Non-prism long mode, press the [NP/P] operation
key in each measurement display. [NP] of Non-prism mode indicator will be shown at the right
corner of the display in Non-prism mode measurement. (or [LNP] of Non-prism long mode indicator
will be shown.)
Changing mode shall be done before measurement.
Example
Distance measurement mode
Coordinate measurement mode
Non-prism mode indicator
•
•
•
80
When using a reflection sheet, measure with the prism mode.
It is possible to set Non-prism mode or Non-prism long mode for distance measurement during the
power on time.
If happened collimating the near distance prism in Non-prism mode or Non-prism long mode,
measurement will not be done because of too much light.
4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
•
Precautions for Use of Non-prism long mode
IS series made non-prism measurement possible to reach the distance that had never been achieved
before.
In the non-prism long mode, the following attentions need to be paid because the farther the target
object be, the weaker the reflection from the target and the larger the beam diameter become.
1) Measurement Time
In the non-prism long mode, the measuring time largely depends on a distance to the target object
and the color (or reflectance) of the object. Especially when the measurement distance is far, or
when the reflectance of the measured surface is low, measuring time will become longer.
2) Beam Diameter
Beam diameter becomes large in the long distance. Try to bring as much beam as possible to the
measured surface.
If the beam is not lased rightly as in the cases below, may cause incorrect measurement.
In such cases, collimate the position where the beam is not fallen besides the measured surface,
set measurement distance range ( Chapter 4.3.3 “Setting Measurement distance range of Nonprism long mode” .).
(e.g.1) the beam also reaches the wall either before or behind the object
(e.g.2) the beam reaches the wall behind due to the size of the object
(e.g.3) the beam is thrown on the ground before the object
3) Cutoff during Measurement
While in the Non-prism long mode, you had better use the instrument in the place where the light
path may not be cut off by cars or people. You may not be able to collect accurate figures if it is often
cut off.
4) Re-measuring
When the reflectance of the measured surface drastically changes as in the case of looking quickly
from the white object to the black object, or when the distance to the object changes a lot, you may
face a temporary suspension. If you cannot measure even after a while, press [MEAS] or [MODE]
key to restart measurement.
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4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.3.1 Setting of the Atmospheric Correction
When setting the atmospheric correction, obtain the correction value by measuring the temperature
and pressure.
Setting the atmospheric correction, see Chapter 9 “SETTING ATMOSPHERIC CORRECTION” .
4.3.2 Setting of the Correction for Prism Constant
Topcoat’s prism constant value is 0. Set correction for prism at 0. If the prism is of another manufacture,
the appropriate constant shall be set beforehand.
Setting the prism / non-prism constant value, see Chapter 8 “SETTING THE PRISM / NON-PRISM
CONSTANT CORRECTION VALUE” . The setting value is kept in the memory even after power is off.
Note: Confirm that Non-prism correction value is set at zero before measurement target such
as a wall in Non-prism mode.
4.3.3 Setting Measurement distance range of Non-prism long mode
To set measurement distance range, carry out the following operating procedure.
82
1
2
Press the star [
] key.
Press the [NP/P] key.
3
Press the [LNP DIST RANGE] key.
4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4
Input the distance range by pressing the
numeric key. *1)
Example:10m
[ENTER] key
5
Press the
[ENTER] key.
The display returns to the star key mode.
*1) Input range: 5 m - 1,800 m (17 ft. - 5,900 ft.)
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4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.3.4 Distance Measurement (Continuous Measurement)
Make sure the mode displays angle measurement.
1
2
Collimate the center of prism.
Press the [
*1),*2)
] key.
[Example]:
Horizontal distance / Relative elevation mode
The result are shown.*3) ~ *7)
*1), *2)
*1)The following characters will be shown on the 4th line right hand of the display to represent measurement
mode.
F=Fine; C=Coarse1mm; c=Coarse10mm; R=Continuous (Repeat); S=Single; N=N-times
*2)When EDM is working, the " *" mark appears in the display.
*3)The result is shown with buzzer sound.
*4)Measurement may repeat automatically if the result is affected by shimmer etc..
*5)To change single measuring, press the [MEAS] key.
*6)To change SD/HD&VD, press the [
] key.
*7)To return to the angle measurement mode, press the [ANG] key.
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4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.3.5 Distance Measurement (Single/N-times Measurement)
When presetting the number of times, the instrument measures the distance as the setting times and
the average distance will be displayed.
When presetting the number of times as 1 or 0, it does not display the average distance, because of
single measurement. It has been set at single measurement at factory.
1)Setting the number of times
Refer to Chapter 6 “PARAMETERS SETTING MODE” .
2)Measuring Method
Confirm the angle measurement mode.
1
2
Collimate the center of the prism.
Select the measurement mode by pressing the
key.
Example:
Horizontal distance / Relative elevation mode
N-times measurement starts.
The average value is displayed following with
buzzer sound.
*1)
*1)The following characters will be shown on the 4th line right hand of the display to represent measurement
mode.
R=Continuous (Repeat); S=Single; N=N-times
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4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.3.6 Fine / Coarse Measuring Mode
Prism Mode
: This is a normal distance measuring mode.
Measurement time
0.2mm mode : approx.3 seconds
1 mm mode : approx.1.2 seconds
The unit to be displayed is 0.2mm or 1mm. (0.001ft or 0.005ft)
•Fine mode
•Coarse 1mm mode : This mode measures in shorter time than in fine mode.
Use this mode for the objects which may be slightly unstable.
Measurement time : approx. 0.5seconds
The unit to be displayed is 1mm. (0.005ft)
•Coarse 10mm mode: This mode measures in shorter time than in fine mode.
Use this mode for stake out measurement. It is very useful when tailing the moving
object or carrying out stake-out work.
Measurement time : approx. 0.3 seconds
The unit to be displayed is 10mm. (0.02ft)
Non Prism Mode
•Fine mode
: This is a normal distance measuring mode.
Measurement time
0.2mm mode : approx.3 seconds
1 mm mode : approx.1.2 seconds
The unit to be displayed is 0.2mm or 1mm. (0.001ft or 0.005ft)
•Coarse 1mm mode : This mode measures in shorter time than in fine mode.
Use this mode for the objects which may be slightly unstable.
Measurement time : approx. 0.5seconds
The unit to be displayed is 1mm. (0.005ft)
•Coarse 10mm mode: This mode measures in shorter time than in coarse 1mm mode.
Use this mode for stake out measurement. It is very useful when tailing the moving
object or carrying out stake-out work.
Measurement time : approx. 0.3 seconds
The unit to be displayed is 10mm. (0.02ft)
Non Prism Long Mode
•Fine mode
: This is a normal distance measuring mode.
Measurement time : approx. 1.5~6 seconds
The unit to be displayed is 1mm. (0.005ft)
•Coarse 5mm mode : This mode measures in shorter time than in fine mode.
Use this mode for the objects which may be slightly unstable.
Measurement time : approx. 1~3 seconds
The unit to be displayed is 5mm. (0.015ft)
•Coarse 10mm mode: This mode measures in shorter time than in coarse 5mm mode.
Use this mode for stake out measurement. It is very useful when tailing the moving
object or carrying out stake-out work.
Measurement time : approx. 0.4 seconds
The unit to be displayed is 10mm. (0.02ft)
In the non-prism long mode, the measuring time largely depends on a distance to the target
object and the color (or reflectance) of the object. Especially when the measurement
distance is far, or when the reflectance of the measured surface is low, measuring time will
become longer.
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4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
•
To select distance measurement mode
Confirm the distance measurement mode
1
Collimate the center of prism.
2
Press the [MODE] key.
3
Select the measurement mode by pressing the
[FINE], [cRS] or [CRS] key. *2)
The first letter of the current mode is displayed.*1)
The mode is set and distance measuring mode
reappears.
*1)The following characters will be shown on the 4th line right hand of the display to represent measurement
mode.
F=Fine; C=Coarse [cRS]; c=Coarse 10mm [CRS]
*2)To cancel the setting, press the [ESC] key.
4.3.7 Stake Out (S.O)
The difference between the measured distance and the distance preset is displayed.
The displayed value = Measured distance - Standard (Preset) distance
Stake out operation can be performed for horizontal distance (HD), relative elevation (VD) or slope
distance (SD).
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4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
[Example : Horizontal distance]
1
2
Stake out indicator
•
88
Press the [P1] key in the distance
measurement mode to get on page 2.
Press the [S.O] key .
The current setting value is displayed.
3
With the [HD] - [SD] keys, select a mode for
inputting the standard distance.
4
Enter the horizontal distance for stake out.
5
Press the [SET] key.
6
Press the [EXIT] key.
7
Collimate the Prism.
The difference between the measured distance
and the standard distance is displayed.
To return to normal distance measurement mode, reset the standard distance to “ 0 ”.
4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.4 Coordinate Measurement
4.4.1 Setting Coordinate Values of Occupied Point
Set the coordinates of instrument (occupied point) according to coordinate origin, and the instrument
automatically converts and displays the unknown point (reflector point) coordinates following the origin.
Reflector (n,e,z)
N
z
n
Inst.Point C
Origin(0,0,0)
E
e
Confirm the angle measurement mode.
1
Press the [
2
Press the [P1] key.
3
Press the [OCC] key.
The previous data will be shown.
] key.
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4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4
Press the [N] key.
5
6
Input the N coord.
Press the [SET] key.*1)
7
8
9
Press the [E] key.
Input the E coord.
Press the [SET] key.*1)
10
11
12
13
Press the [Z] key.
Input the Z coord.
Press the [SET] key.*1)
Press the [EXIT] key.
The display returns to coordinate
measurement mode.
*1)To return to the previous mode, press the [EXIT] key.
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4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.4.2 Setting of the Instrument Height / Reflector(Prism) Height
Measure the coordinates by entering the instrument height / reflector height, coordinates of unknown
point will be measured directly.
[Example] : Instrument height
Confirm the angle measurement mode.
1
Press the [
2
Press the [P1] key to get on page 2.
3
Press the [INSHT] key .
] key.
The previous data will be shown.
4
Press the [INPUT] key.
5
Input instrument height, and press [SET]
key.*1)
Press the [EXIT] key.
6
The display returns to coordinate
measurement mode.
*1)To return to the previous mode, press the [EXIT] key.
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4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.4.3 Execution of Coordinate Measuring
Measure the coordinates by entering the instrument height and reflector height, coordinates of
unknown point will be measured directly.
•
•
•
When setting coordinate values of occupied point, see section 4.4.1“Setting Coordinate Values of
Occupied Point” .
When setting the instrument height and reflector height, see section 4.4.2“Setting of the Instrument
Height / Reflector(Prism) Height” .
The coordinates of the unknown point are calculated as shown below and displayed:
Coordinates of occupied point : (N0,E0,Z0)
Instrument height : INST.HT
Reflector height
: R.HT
Vertical distance(Relative elevation) : z
Coordinates of the center of the reflector,
originated from the center point of the instrument : (n,e,z)
Coordinates of unknown point : (N1,E1,Z1)
N1=N0+n
E1=E0+e
Z1=Z0+INST.HT+z - R.HT
Coordinates of the center of the reflector, originated from the center point of the instrument (n,e,z)
Center point of the instrument
(No, Eo, Zo+INST.HT)
Unknown point
(N1, E1, Z1)
Occupied point (No, Eo, Zo)
Origin (o, o, o)
Confirm the angle measurement mode.
1
2
3
4
Set coordinates values of occupied point
and instrument/reflector height. *1)
Set the direction angle of known point A. *2)
Collimate the reflector.
Press the [
] key.
Measuring starts.
*1) In case the coordinate of occupied point is not entered, (0,0,0) will be used as the default for the
occupied point.
The instrument height will be calculated as 0 when the instrument height is not entered.
The reflector height will be calculated as 0 when the reflector height is not set.
*2) Refer to section 4.2.3“Measuring from the Required Horizontal Angle” .
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4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.5 Data Output
Result of measurement is transferred from the IS series to Data Collector.
[Example: Distance measurement mode]
1
With the SETUP mode, set the communication
parameters.
Refer to Chapter 6 “PARAMETERS SETTING
MODE” .
2
After setting the communication parameters,
select the distance measurement mode.
3
Operate the data collector to measure the
distance.
Measurement will be started.
After the measurement, the result will be
shown and transferred to the Data Collector.
The following data will be output at each mode.
Mode
•
•
Output
Angle mode ( V,HR or HL) ( V in percent)
V, HR (or HL)
Horizontal distance mode (V,HR, HD, VD)
V, HR, HD, VD
Slope distance mode (V, HR,SD)
V, HR, SD,HD
Coordinate mode
N, E, Z, HR
The display and the output at the coarse mode are the same as the contents above.
Output at the tracking mode is displayed as distance data only (HD,VD or SD).
93
4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.6 Data Output by [REC] Key
It is also possible to output the result of measurement by pressing the [REC] key .
[Example: Distance measurement mode]
1
With the SETUP mode, set the communication
parameters.
Refer to Chapter 6 “PARAMETERS SETTING
MODE” .
2
After setting the communication parameters,
select the distance measurement mode.
3
Press the [REC] key.
Measurement will be started.
4
After the measurement, press the [Yes] key.
The data will be transferred to the Data
Collector.
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4 STANDARD MEASUREMENT MODE
4.7 Data output of IS series
The information of IS series regarding tracking auto-tracking are added to the protocol of Topcon Total
Station system so far.
Also you can add utility information such as battery remaining, EDM mode, auto-tracking mode, normal/
reversed face information, Tilt information if you like. For selecting, refer to Chapter 6 “PARAMETERS
SETTING MODE” .
During an utility function selection, measurement will be continued whenever tilt over. The tilt over will
not be compensated here.
In case tilt over, the tilt information will be displayed on the right-lower screen as the following marks
during the utility function is selected.
Marks
Status of tilt
[t]
Under tilt compensation
[?]
Tilt Over
[ ]
Tilt OFF
*
Tilt information
•
Control by interface for Topcon AP-L1A system, see Chapter 5.5 “AP-L1A Communication
Emulator” .
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5 PROGRAM MODE
5
PROGRAM MODE
Select the menu by pressing panel icon.
Main menu
Press the [PROG] icon.
Program mode menu
Edge abstraction mode
Refer to Chapter 5.6 “Edge Abstraction Mode” .
Repetition angle measurement
Refer to Chapter 5.4 “Repetition Angle Measurement (REP)” .
Missing line measurement
Refer to Chapter 5.3 “Missing Line Measurement (MLM)” .
Remote elevation measurement
Refer to Chapter 5.2 “Remote Elevation Measurement (REM)” .
Setting a direction angle for backsight orientation
Refer to Chapter 5.1 “Setting a Direction Angle for Backsight Orientation(BS)” .
Setting AP-L1A communication
Refer to Chapter 5.5 “AP-L1A Communication Emulator” .
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5 PROGRAM MODE
5.1 Setting a Direction Angle for Backsight Orientation(BS)
(Entering the instrument and backsight coordinate values)
This program uses the input coordinate values of the occupied point, (instrument), and backsight point
to calculate the backsight orientation direction angle.
The occupied and backsight coordinate input display appears.
After the coordinate values are entered for both points, the instrument calculates the backsight direction
angle for orientation.
Also the occupied coordinate values are stored in memory. The program does not store the backsight
coordinate values in memory.
N
Backsight point A
Direction angle
Occupied point C
E
Example: Occupied point C : N coordinate 5.321m, E coordinate 8.345m
Backsight point A : N coordinate 54.321m, E coordinate 12.345m
1
Press the [BS] icon.
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5 PROGRAM MODE
2
Input N and E coordinate of occupied point C.
Example : N coordinate; 5.321m
: E coordinate; 8.345m
3
Input N and E coordinate of backsight point A.
Example : N coordinate; 54.321m
: E coordinate; 12.345m
4
To memorize the occupied point, press the
[SET OCC] key.
5
Press the [YES] key.
6
Press the [SET] key.
7
Collimate the backsight.
8
Press the [YES] key.
The display returns to Program mode menu.
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5 PROGRAM MODE
5.2 Remote Elevation Measurement (REM)
The Remote Elevation program calculates the vertical distance (height) of a remote object relative to a
prism and it's height from a ground point, (without a prism height). When using a prism height, the
remote elevation measurement will start from the prism (reference point). If no prism height is used, the
remote elevation will start from any reference point in which the vertical angle is established. In both
procedures, the reference point should be perpendicular to the remote object.
Target K
VD
Prism P
Prism height
G
Instrument
1) With prism height input
1
Press the [REM] icon.
2
Select the [YES] button.
3
Input the Prism Height. (Example;1.000m)
4
To memorize the prism height, press the [SET]
key.
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5 PROGRAM MODE
5
Press the [YES] key.
6
Collimate prism.
7
Press the [Meas Prism] key.
8
Press the [SET] key.
(To measure the distance again, press the
[RE-TRY] key.)
9
Collimate target K.
Vertical angle(VA) and Vertical distance(VD)
will be shown.
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5 PROGRAM MODE
2)Without prism height input
1
Press the [REM] icon.
2
Select the [NO] button.
3
Collimate prism.
4
Press the [Meas Prism] key.
5
Press the [SET] key.
6
Collimate ground point G.
7
Press the [Meas Ground] key.
8
Press the [SET] key.
9
Collimate target K.
Vertical angle(VA) and Vertical distance(VD)
will be shown.
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5 PROGRAM MODE
5.3 Missing Line Measurement (MLM)
The Missing Line Measurement program calculates the horizontal distance (dHD), slope distance
(dSD) and elevation (dVD) between two target prisms.
The instruemt can accomplish this in two ways:
MLM Method (A-B, A-C): Measurement is A-B, A-C, A-D, .........
MLM Method (A-B, B-C): Measurement is A-B, B-C, C-D, .........
Prism A
Prism B
Instrument
Prism C
[Example] MLM Method (A-B, A-C)
Procedure of MLM Method (A-B, B-C) is completely same as Method (A-B, A-C) Method.
102
1
Press the [MLM] icon.
2
Select the [(A-B, A-C)] button.
3
Collimate prism A.
4
Press the [MEAS] key.
Horizontal distance between the instrument
and prism A will be shown.
5 PROGRAM MODE
5
Collimate prism B, and press the [MEAS] key.
Horizontal distance between the instrument
and prism B will be shown.
And then, the horizontal distance (dHD),
relative elevation (dVD) and slope distance
(dSD) between prism A and B will be shown.
6
•
•
To measure the distance between points A and
C, repeat procedure 5.
To confirm the previous data, press the [←] or [→] key.
To clear all data, press the [RESET] key.
103
5 PROGRAM MODE
5.4 Repetition Angle Measurement (REP)
Repetition Angle Measurement program calculates horizontal angles and shows the total angle (Ht)
and the mean (Hm) of all the angles measured. The program also keeps track of the amount of
complete sets of horizontal angles measured.
Repetition Angle Measurement program can be done by horizontal angle right measurement mode.
104
1
Press the [REP] icon.
2
Collimate the first target A.
3
Press the [MEAS] key.
4
Collimate the second target B.
5
Press the [MEAS] key.
5 PROGRAM MODE
The total of angle and the mean of angle are
shown.
6
•
Horizontal angle can be accumulated up to 99 times.
•
To clear all data, press the [RESET] key.
Repeat procedure 2 ~ 5 to measure the
desired number of repetitions.
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5 PROGRAM MODE
5.5 AP-L1A Communication Emulator
With IS Series, it is possible to execute AP-L1A communication emulation.
Set up for use of remote control system is also done here.
5.5.1 Activate AP-L1A communication Emulator
1
Press the [Ext.Link] icon.
AP-L1A Communication Emulator program
[Ext.Link] will activate.
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5 PROGRAM MODE
5.5.2
Setup for Communication
This section describes how to set up parameters to execute communication.
Example: Set up RC parameter
1
Follow the steps described in “5.5.1 Activate
AP-L1A communication Emulator” and activate
AP-L1A communication emulator program
[Ext.Link].
2
Press the [Setting] key.
3
Press the [RC] key.
4
Setup RC parameters.
Example:
REC TYPE [REC-B]
TERMINATE [EXT]
CHANNEL [1]
5
•
Press the [Set] key
The RC parameter has been set
To cancel the setup, press the [EXIT] key.
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5 PROGRAM MODE
5.6 Edge Abstraction Mode
In this mode, the edges of structures and other objects whose distance cannot be directly measured
are detected using image processing, and the coordinates are then easily measured.
1 Press the [EDGE] icon.
2 Collimate the target object.
3 Switch to the telescopic mode and press the
[MEAS] key.
* Measurement cannot be conducted unless you
switch to the telescopic mode.
Telescopic: numeric key [1]
Wide-angle: numeric key [2]
4
108
Press the [YES] key.
5 PROGRAM MODE
Following the completion of measurement, the
screen will become set.
To release it, click the [CLEAR] key.
Frame
Measurement results N, E and Z will be displayed,
these points indicating the abstracted edge.
If edge abstraction is unsuccessful, a message to
that effect will be displayed.
If you tap inside the frame, the coordinates of the
point tapped will be displayed.
* You can also display the coordinates of any point
when extraction has been successfully carried
out.
• When you measure unclear images or the
images of complex shapes, there may be times
when measuring precision decreases or when
measurement is impossible.
5.6.1 Displayed Messages
Message code
Countermeasures
[Please Mode change to narrow angle.]
Switch to telescopic display, then conduct measurement.
[Corner detection has not been performed.] Edge extraction was unsuccessful, but measurement
was completed. If you tap a point within the frame, its
coordinates will be displayed.
[Can't change image after meas. Is it all
Following measurement, the magnification and the
right?]
camera mode cannot be changed. To change them,
press the [CLEAR] key.
[Please specify within the limit.]
Tap inside the frame.
•
If message code still persist after attempting to clear them, contact your local Topcon dealer or
Topcon head office.
109
6 PARAMETERS SETTING MODE
6
PARAMETERS SETTING MODE
PARAMETERS SETTING MODE
In this mode, setting of parameters regard with
measuring and communications will be done.
When a parameter is changed and set, the new
value is stored into the memory.
110
6 PARAMETERS SETTING MODE
6.1 Parameter Setting Options
6.1.1 Measurement
Factory default settings are indicated with underlines.
Menu
Selecting Item
Contents
MEASUREMENT1
MINI ANG READING
NORM / MINI
Select the minimum display angle reading unit.
FINE READING
1mm / 0.2mm
Select 1mm/0.2mm for the minimum distance in fine mode.
TILT
OFF/X-ON/XY-ON
Select the tilt sensor option for OFF, X-ON, XY-ON.
Select the error correction ON or OFF for collimation and
error adjustment.
3AXIS
CONPENSATION
OFF/ON
POWER ON MODE
ANGLE/DIST
Perform this item after complete Chapter 7.5 “Compensation
Systematic Error of Instrument” .
For more information, refer to Chapter 7.3.7 “Adjustment of
Vertical Angle 0 Datum” and Chapter 7.5.2 “Showing
Compensation Systematic Error of Instrument” .
Select the measuring mode when the power is on to angle
measurement or distance measurement.
FINE/CRS/cRS
After turning on the power, select the same measuring mode
(FINE/CRS/CRS10mm) as when distance measurement was
initially carried out.
HD&VD/SD
After turning on the power, select the same measuring mode
(HD&VD/SD) as when distance measurement was initially
carried out.
ZENITH/
HORIZONTAL
Select the vertical angle reading for Zenith 0 or Horizontal 0.
DIST MEAS
NUMBER
REPEAT/N TIME
After turning on the power, select the same measuring mode
(REPEAT/N TIME) as when distance measurement was
initially carried out.
NEZ / ENZ
NEZ / ENZ
DIST MODE
DIST DISPLAY
V ANGLE Z0/H0
W CORRECTION
OFF/0.14/0.20
S/A BUZZER
OFF/ON
Select the display format in the coordinate measurement
mode for NEZ or ENZ.
Select the coefficient correction for refraction and earth
curvature. Selections for the refraction coefficient are; OFF
(No correction), K=0.14 or K=0.20.
Select the Audio tone OFF or ON for the Set Audio Mode.
MEASUREMENT2
TURN
FINE/NORMAL/
COARSE
Select the stopping accuracy of automatic rotation to required
angle. FINE: 3” NORMAL: 5” COARSE: 10”
AUTO AIM
FINE/NORMAL/
COARSE
Select the accuracy of automatic collimation.
NORMAL/
STD MEAS/
Ext.Link
START MODE
Select the start mode after hardware reset or software reset.
This setting does not effect the resume mode.
EXTERNAL BATTERY
Li-ion/12V BATTERY
Select the external battery type.
111
6 PARAMETERS SETTING MODE
6.1.2 Communication
Factory default settings are indicated with underlines.
Menu
Selecting Item
Contents
COMMON PARAMETER
RECKey Data Out
RS232C/SSWireless/
Bluetooth
NEZ REC FORM
STANDARD/WITH
RAW
Select to record coordinates in standard or 11 digits with raw
data.
REC-A/REC-B
Select the option to record the data.
REC-A :The measurement is started and new data is output.
REC-B :The data being displayed is output.
TRK STATE
OFF/ON
Selecting additional information of utility to measuring data
such as tracking status or not.
If such utility is selected, electric circular level graphic will not
be displayed whenever tilted over.
OFF :No additional information
ON :Additional information
REC key
(Auto Collimation)
OFF/ON
Select the automatic collimation OFF or ON before REC key
data output.
REC TYPE
Select communication route for REC key data output.
RS-232C
BAUD RATE
DATA LENGTH
PARITY BIT
STOP BIT
1200 / 2400 / 4800 /
9600/19200
7 BIT/ 8BIT
Select the baud rate.
Select the data length seven digits or eight digits.
NON/EVEN/ODD
Select the parity bit.
1 BIT/ 2BIT
Select the stop bit.
CR, LF
OFF/ON
Select the option OFF or ON for carriage return and line feed
when collecting measurement data with a computer.
ACK MODE
OFF/ON
When communicating to an external device, the protocol for
handshaking can omit the [ACK] coming from the external
device so data is not sent again.
OFF : Omit the [ACK]
ON : Standard
RC
CHANNEL
1-6
Sets communication channel of RC-3H parameter.
Selecting the vertical range for searching a prism when using
with RC-3H.
V SEARCH
15/30
15 :
30 :
CR,LF
OFF/ON
±15°
±30°
Select the option OFF or ON for carriage return and line feed
when collecting measurement data with a computer.
SS WIRELESS
ACK MODE
OFF/ON
When communicating to an external device, the protocol for
handshaking can omit the [ACK] coming from the external
device so data is not sent again.
OFF : Omit the [ACK]
CR, LF
CHANNEL SET
112
ON : Standard
OFF/ON
Select the option OFF or ON for carriage return and line feed
when collecting measurement data with a computer.
1-20
Sets communication channel when using WIRELESS
modem.
If the lines get crossed while using multiple systems in the
same area, select a different channel from 11 to 20 for each
system.
6 PARAMETERS SETTING MODE
Bluetooth
CR, LF
OFF/ON
Select the option OFF or ON for carriage return and line feed
when collecting measurement data with a computer.
[PIN CODE]: Setting between 0~9999
(Factory default setting:1111)
PIN CODE SET
[PIN CODE]/
[PIN CODE
CHECK OFF/ON]
[PIN CODE CHECK OFF/ON]
Select PIN CODE check will or will not be executed when
Bluetooth is used.
6.1.3 Value Input
Menu
DIST MEAS
COUNT SET
EDM OFF TIME SET
Selecting Item
Contents
0~99
N-times measurement set.
Set N (number of times) for times of distance measurement.
When setting number of times as 1 or 0, it is single
measurement.
0~99
The time when EDM is cut off from distance measurement is
completed can be changed.
0
: After completing distance measurement,
EDM is cut off.
1-98 : EDM is cut off after 1~98 minutes.
99
: EDM is always switched ON.
6.1.4 Unit
Menu
Selecting Item
Contents
TEMP
Celsius/Fahrenheit
Select the temperature unit for the atmospheric correction.
PRESS
hPa/mmHg/inHg
Select the air pressure unit for the atmospheric correction .
ANGLE
deg / gon / mil
Select degree(360°), gon(400G) or mil (6400M) for the
measuring angle unit to be shown on the display .
DIST
FEET
m/ft
US/
INTERNATIONAL
Select the distance measuring unit Meter or Feet shown on
the display.
Select the meter / feet conversion factor.
US survey feet
1m=3.280833333333333 ft.
International feet
1m=3.280839895013123 ft.
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6 PARAMETERS SETTING MODE
6.2 Setting Parameters
[Example setting]
S/A BUZZER: OFF
1
Press the [SETUP] icon.
2
Press the [MEASUREMENT] key.
3
Press the [MEASUREMENT1] key.
4
Press the [NEXT] key three times.
5
Select the [OFF] button of S/A BUZZER.*1)
6
When the [SET] key is pressed, the setting will
be set and the SETUP MODE screen will
reappear.
*1)To return to the SETUP MODE screen, press the [EXIT] key.
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7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7
CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7.1 Checking and Adjusting of Instrument Constant
Note: Each of the Prism mode, Non-prism mode and Non-prism long mode has instrument
constant. You must obtain the instrument constant of the prism mode.
If you change the instrument constant of the prism mode, be sure to change the instrument
constant of the non-prism mode and the instrument constant of the non-prism long mode
by the same amount.
Normally, the instrument constant does not have discrepancy. It is recommended you measure and
compare with an accurately measured distance at a location where the precision is specifically
monitored on a consistent basis. If such a location is not available, establish your own base line over
20m (when purchasing the instrument) and compare with the data measured with newly purchased
instrument.
In both cases note that the setup displacement of the instrument position over the point, the prism,
baseline precision, poor collimation, atmospheric correction, and correction for refraction and earth
curvature determine the inspection precision. Please keep in mind these points.
Also, when providing a base line in a building, please note that the difference in temperature greatly
changes the length measured in the building.
If the difference between the measured length of the baseline and the actual length exceeds the range
of the nominal accuracy, change the instrument constant of the prism mode according to the following
procedure.
1) On a basically horizontal line of about 100 meters, line AB, establish point C. Measure each
distance, AB, AC and BC, about 10 times, and calculate the average value for each.
B
A
C
2) Repeat Step 1 several times. Then calculate the variance with the current instrument constant (∆K).
∆K = AB - (AC + BC)
3) Calculate the new instrument constant according to the formula below. Then reset the instrument
constant according to Section 7.4 “How to Set the Instrument Constant Value” .
New instrument constant = current instrument constant + ∆K
4) Once again, measure the baseline and compare the results to the baseline’s actual length. If the
difference between the two is within the range of the nominal accuracy, change the instrument
constant of the non-prism mode and the instrument constant of the non-prism long mode according
to the formula in Step 3.
5) If the results of the measurement conducted in Step 4 exceed the range of the nominal accuracy,
contact TOPCON or your TOPCON dealer.
7.1.1 Checking of the accuracy of the non-prism mode / non-prism long mode
If you reset the instrument constant, you must check the accuracy of the non-prism mode/non-prism
long mode.
Non-prism mode
1) Set a prism 30 to 50 meter apart from the instrument and measure the distance to the prism by
prism mode.
2) Take off the prism and set a (white) board.
3) Change the mode to the non-prism mode and measure the distance to the board.
4) Repeat above procedure and measure some points.
If the difference of the prism mode and non-prism mode is the range of ±10mm even one time, the
instrument is normal.
If the difference is never the range of ±10mm, contact TOPCON or your TOPCON dealer.
Non-prism long mode
1) Set a prism 30 to 50 meter apart from the instrument and measure the distance to the prism by
prism mode.
2) Take off the prism and set a (white) board.
3) Change the mode to the non-prism long mode and measure the distance to the board.
4) Repeat above procedure and measure some points.
If the difference of the prism mode and non-prism long mode is the range of ±20mm even one time,
the instrument is normal.
If the difference is never the range of ±20mm, contact TOPCON or your TOPCON dealer.
115
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7.2 Checking the Optical Axis
7.2.1 Checking the optical axis of EDM and theodolite
Check each of the optical axis of EDM and theodolite about prism mode and non-prism mode in order.
(In non-prism long mode: Check the same way in non-prism mode.)
To check if the optical axis of EDM and theodolite are matched, follow the procedure below.
It is especially important to check after adjustment of the eyepiece reticle is carried out.
1
2
Position a prism about 50 to 100m apart from
IS series.
Press the [ADJUST] icon.
3
Press the [EDM CHECK] key.
In non-prism long mode:
The unit can not switch into EDM check mode.
In EDM check mode:
The unit can not switch into star key mode.
4
Collimate the center of a prism by prism mode.
The buzzer will sound.
5
Press the [HOLD] key to hold the quantity of
the light.
The mark "#" will appear on the right side of the
signal level indicator.
116
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
•
6
H direction confirmation (Do not move V direction).
Turn the horizon jog counter clockwise, move the collimating point to the left side of prism gradually until
buzzer sound stops.
Prism
Reticle
7
Turn the horizontal jog clockwise slowly, and move the collimating point to the prism center gradually
until at the position buzzer starts.
Confirm the level of the signal (light quantity level) in display to adjust at the level of one to two as shown
in below by turning the horizontal jog.
Prism
Reticle
Quantity level two
8
9
Note the horizontal angle displayed.
Turn the horizon jog clockwise, move the collimating point to the right side of prism gradually until buzzer
sound stops.
Prism
Reticle
10 Move the collimating point to the center of prism gradually until buzzer sound starts.
11
Turning the horizontal jog to be one to two level of SIG value to adjust the collimating point same as step
7 procedure.
Note horizontal angle same as step 8 procedure.
117
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
12 Calculate the horizontal angle of center of the prism by step 8 and 11.
[Example] Step 8 :
Step 11 :
0°01'20"
0°09'40"
Calculated value 0°05'30"
13 Collimate to the center of prism.
Compare the reading horizontal angle and calculated average value in step 12.
[Example] Horizontal angle of the center of the prism: 0°05'50"
Difference of Average value and Horizontal reading of the center of the prism : 20"
If the difference is within 2', no problem for use.
•
Vertical direction confirmation (Do not move Horizontal direction).
14 Carry out as Horizontal direction confirmation.
Compare the reading vertical angle of center of prism and calculated average value.
If the difference is within 2', no problem for use.
Prism
Reticle
[Example]
Lower side of prism 90°12'30"
Upper side of prism 90°04'30"
Average
90°08'30"
Reading to prism center 90°08'50"
Difference 20"
If the difference is more than mentioned value, contact with your Topcon dealer or Topcon.
• For non-prism mode
If the instrument is in the hold mode, press the [HOLD] key to release the hold mode.
118
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
15 Press the [NP/P] key to change the non-prism
mode.
16 Collimate the center of the prism.
17 Press the [HOLD] key to hold the quantity of
the light.
The mark "#" will appear on the right side of the
signal level indicator.
18 Repeat the previous procedure 6 to 14 in the
same way in the non-prism mode.
If the difference is within 2', no problem for use.
If the difference is more than mentioned value,
contact with your Topcon dealer or Topcon.
119
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7.2.2 Checking the optical axis of Laser pointer
Check whether the optical axis of the laser pointer coincides with the optical axis of the telescope by
carrying out the following steps.
The laser pointer indicates the approximate collimation position of the telescope. It does not indicate
the exact collimation position.
Therefore, it is not failure of the IS although it may shift to 6mm by the optical axis and laser point
the target about 10 meters from the IS.
1) On the center of a piece of graph paper or white paper, draw a target in the form of a vertical line
and an intersecting horizontal line.
2) Set up the target about 10 meters from the IS, and collimate the instrument to the point of
intersection of the two lines.
3) Turn on power to the instrument, press the star key mode, and then press the L. P. key, lighting up
the laser pointer.
Target
About10m
•
Checking of laser pointer's optical axis
4) With the instrument collimated to the point of intersection of the two lines, check whether the center
of the laser pointer is within about 6 mm of the point of intersection.
Note: If you look through the telescope at this time, you will not be able to see the laser pointer.
Therefore, conduct this check with the naked eye, viewing the target and the laser pointer
from the side of, or from above, the IS.
5) If the center of the laser pointer is within about 6 mm of the point of intersection, there will be no
problems with using the instrument. If the distance is greater than 6 mm, carry out the following
steps to align the center of the laser pointer with the point of intersection, and to align the laser
pointer's optical axis with that of the telescope.
•
Adjusting the laser pointer's optical axis
6) As shown in the drawing, remove the 3 rubber caps on top of the instrument, revealing the
adjustment screws.
7) Using the accessory hexagonal wrench, adjust each of the screws - A, B and C - thereby moving
the laser pointer so that it coincides with the point of intersection.
120
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
About30°
About30°
The direction of the laser pointer
As seen from above
Adjustment screws
When screws A, B and C are turned clockwise (the direction for tightening them), the laser pointer, as
seen on the target from the standpoint of the IS, will move in the direction shown in the drawing.
•
•
•
Tighten the 3 screws so that they are equally tight.
Do not lose the rubber caps of the adjustment screws.
Place the operation keys on the telescope eyepiece side, and then turn on the laser pointer
(The laser pointer will not be emitted if the operation keys are placed on the objective lens side).
121
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7.2.3 Inspection and Adjustment of Optic Axis for Auto -Tracking
Activates auto tracking to the prism.
Confirm if the center of telescope reticle and the center of the prism is coincided.
Any error between them requires adjustment according to the following procedure.
Prism center
Telescope reticle center
Telescope reticle center
Centers of prism
and telescope is shifted
Normal position
•
•
122
Prism center
Position a prism around 0 in horizontal and more than 100m (328ft) apart from the IS series.
Take care not to be interrupted the optical path during measurement.
1
Press the [ADJUST] icon.
2
Press the [ADJUST AXIS] icon.
3
Operate H/V jog shuttle and collimate prism
center with telescope.
4
Press the [MEAS] key.
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
Measurement will begin.
5
After the measurement is completed at the
normal position, press the [TURN] key.
Reverse and turn the telescope and
instrument.
6
Operate the H/V jog shuttle and collimate
prism center with telescope.
7
Press the [MEAS] key.
Measured data will be checked inside the
instrument, and the amount of deviation
between vertical and horizontal directions of
the tracking axis is calculated.
8
Press the [YES] key. Compensation value is
set up and recorded in the instrument.
Return to Main Menu.
•
•
•
•
•
The display shows “Adjust Axis range Error.(1)” when the calculated compensation value is exceeded
than limited value.
If the distance between the instrument and the prism is not enough to adjust, the display shows “Adjust
Axis dist Error.(2)”. The distance between the instrument and prism should be more than 35m.
If the difference of the measured data between in normal position and in inverted position is exceeded
than limited value, the display shows “Adjust Axis f/r diff Error.(3)”.
If the measuring is unstable when the atmospheric condition is bad or the optical path is interrupted, the
display shows “Adjust VAxis std div Error.(4), Adjust HAxis std div Error.(5)”.
To cancel the compensation, press the [EXIT] key.
123
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7.3 Checking/Adjusting Each Function
• Pointers on the Adjustment
1) Adjust the eyepiece of the telescope properly prior to any checking operation which involves
sighting through the telescope.
Remember to focus properly, with parallax completely eliminated.
2) Carry out the adjustments in the order of item numbers, as the adjustments are dependent one
upon another. Adjustments carried out in the wrong sequence may even nullify previous
adjustment.
3) Always conclude adjustments by tightening the adjustment screws securely (but do not tighten them
more than necessary, as you may strip the threads, twist off the screw or place undue stress on the
parts).
Furthermore, always tighten by revolving in the direction of tightening tension.
4) The attachment screws must also be tightened sufficiently, upon completion of adjustments.
5) Always repeat checking operations after adjustments are made, in order to confirm results.
• Notes on the Tribrach
Note that the angle measuring precision may be effected directly if the tribrach has not been installed
firmly.
1) If there is any slack between the leveling screws and the base, loosen the set screw of the holding
ring and tighten the holding ring with adjusting pin, until it is properly adjusted. Re-tighten the set
screw on completing the adjustment.
Leveling screw
124
Holding ring
Set screw
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7.3.1 Checking /Adjusting the Plate Level
Adjustment is required if the axis of the plate level is not perpendicular to the vertical axis.
• Check
1) Place the plate level parallel to a line running through the centers of two leveling screws, say, A and
B. Use these two leveling screws only and place the bubble in the center of the plate level.
2) Rotate the instrument 180° or 200G around the vertical axis and check bubble movement of the
plate level. If the bubble has been displaced, then proceed with the following adjustment.
Plate level
Leveling screw B
Leveling screw A
• Adjustment
1) Adjust the level adjustment capstan screw, with the accessory adjusting pin and return the bubble
towards the center of the plate level. Correct only one-half of the displacement by this method.
2) Correct the remaining amount of the bubble displacement with the leveling screws.
3) Rotate the instrument 180° or 200G around the vertical axis once more and check bubble
movement. If the bubble is still displaced, then repeat the adjustment.
Level adjustment
capstan screw
Half amount of displacement
7.3.2 Checking /Adjusting the Circular Level
Adjustment is required if the axis of the circular level is also not perpendicular to the vertical axis.
• Check
1) Carefully level the instrument with the plate level only. If the bubble of the circular level is centered
properly, adjustment is not required. Otherwise, proceed with the following adjustment.
• Adjustment
1) Shift the bubble to the center of the circular level, by adjusting three capstan adjustment screws on
the bottom surface of the circular level, with the accessory adjusting pin.
Capstan adjustment
screws
Circular level
125
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7.3.3 Adjustment of the Vertical Cross-hair
Adjustment is required if the vertical cross-hair is not in a place perpendicular to the horizontal axis of
the telescope ( since it must be possible to use any point on the hair for measuring horizontal angles or
running lines).
• Check
1) Set the instrument up the tripod and carefully level it.
2) Sight the cross-hairs on a well defined Point A at a distance of, at least, 50 meters (160ft.) and
clamp horizontal motion.
3) Next swing the telescope vertically using the vertical jog, and check whether the point travels along
the length of the vertical cross-hair.
4) If the point appears to move continuously on the hair, the vertical cross-hair lies in a plane
perpendicular to the horizontal axis ( and adjustment is not required ).
5) However, if the point appears to be displaced from the vertical cross-hair, as the telescope is
swung vertically, then proceed with the following adjustment.
• Adjustment
1) Unscrew the cross-hair adjustment section cover, by revolving it in the counterclockwise direction,
and take it off. This will expose four eyepiece section attachment screws.
Eyepiece section
attachment screws
Eyepiece section
attachment screws
Eyepiece
2) Loosen all four attachment screws slightly with the accessory screw-drive (while taking note of the
number of revolutions).
Then revolve the eyepiece section so that the vertical cross-hair coincides to Point A’.
Finally, re-tighten the four screws by the amount that they were loosened.
3) Check once more and if the point travels the entire length of the vertical cross-hair, further
adjustment is not required.
Perform following adjustment after completing the above adjustment.
Section 7.3.4 “Collimation of the Instrument”,
Section 7.3.7 “Adjustment of Vertical Angle 0 Datum”
Section 7.2 “Checking the Optical Axis”
126
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7.3.4 Collimation of the Instrument
Collimation is required to make the line of sight of the telescope perpendicular to the horizontal axis of
the instrument, otherwise, it will not be possible to extend a straight line by direct means.
• Check
1) Set the instrument up with clear sights of about 50
to 60meters
(160 to 200 ft.) on both sides of the instrument.
2) Level the instrument properly with the plate level.
3) Sight Point A at approximately 50 meters (160 ft.)
distance.
4) Loosen the vertical motion clamp only, and rotate
the telescope 180° or 200G around the horizontal
axis, so that the telescope is pointed in the opposite
direction.
5) Sight Point B, at equal distance as Point A and
tighten the vertical motion clamp.
6) Loosen the horizontal motion clamp and rotate the
instrument 180° or 200G around the vertical axis.
Fix a sight on Point A once more and tighten the
horizontal motion clamp.
7) Loosen the vertical motion clamp only and rotate
the telescope 180°
or 200g around the horizontal axis once more and
fix a sight on Point C, which should coincide with
previous Point B.
8) If Points B and C do not coincide, adjust in the
following manner.
• Adjustment
1) Unscrew the cross-hair adjustment section cover.
2) Find Point D at a point between Points C and B,
which should
be equal to 1/4th the distance between Points B
and C and measured from Point C. This is because
the apparent error between Points B and C is four
times the actual error since
the telescope has been reversed twice during the
checking operation.
3) Shift the vertical cross-hair line and coincide it with
Point D, by revolving the left and right capstan
adjustment screws with the adjusting pin.Upon
completing the adjustment, repeat the checking
operation once more.
If Points B and C coincide, further adjustment is
not required. Otherwise , repeat the adjustment.
Eyepiece
Telescope
Capstan
adjustment
screws
Capstan
adjustment
screws
Eyepiece
First, loosen the capstan adjustment screw on the side to which the vertical cross-hair
line must be moved. Then tighten the adjustment screw on the opposite side by an
equal amount which will leave the tension of the adjustment screws unchanged.
Revolve in the counterclockwise direction to loosen and in the clockwise direction to
tighten, but revolve as little as possible.
Perform following adjustment after complete above adjustment.
Section 7.5 “Compensation Systematic Error of Instrument”.
Section 7.2 “Checking the Optical Axis”.
127
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7.3.5 Checking/Adjusting the Cross-Hairs on Telescopic/Wide-angle Images
•
Checking telescopic Image
1
Level the instrument with the plate level.
2
With the telescope, collimate target point A,
located at a distance of at least 15 meters.
3
Check that the telescopic image (magnification
of 4) is displayed. If the cross-hairs are
centered on point A, adjustment is not
necessary. If they are off-center, perform
adjustment as follows.
A
TELE x 4.00
•
128
Adjustment
Prior to adjustment, carry out section 7.3.4“Collimation of the Instrument” .
1
With the telescope, collimate target point A,
located at a distance of at least 15 meters.
2
Press the [ADJUST] key.
3
Press the [NEXT] key.
4
Press the [CMOS SENSOR ADJUST] key.
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
A
5
In the telescopic mode, set the magnification
on 4 and display target point A.
6
Using the [UP], [LEFT], [RGT] and [DWN] keys,
adjust the cross-hairs so that they are centered
on point A.
7
Once again, with the telescope, collimate point
A and confirm that the cross-hairs are
centered.
8
Press the [SET] key.
* In case you return to the previous screen,
press the [EXIT] key.
TELE: Telescopic
WIDE: Wide angle
* In case you go beyond the adjustment range,
a message to that effect will be displayed. In
such a case, please contact TOPCON or your
local Topcon dealer.
Magnification
Explanation of Keys
[W/T] key : Switches between wide-angle and
telescopic.
[Z IN] key : Increases the magnification
[Z OUT] key: Decreases the magnification.
* In this mode, the magnification of wide-angle and
telescopic images cannot be changed with the
numeric keys.
•
Checking wide-angle Image
1
Offset line
Intersection
point B
Horizontal line
2
3
Vertical line
4
Target
B
5
Offset line
TELE x 4.00
Draw a thick vertical line and horizontal line
through the center of a sheet of graph paper or
white paper. Then draw a thick offset line 45
mm above the horizontal line.
Level the main unit.
Arrange the telescope so that it is in its normal
position and horizontal.
Set up the target prepared in Step 1 at a
distance of about 5 meters from the telescope.
With the telescope, collimate the point where
the vertical and horizontal lines intersect:
intersection point B.
Check that the wide-angle image
(magnification of 4) is displayed. If the vertical
cross-hair coincides with intersection point B
and the horizontal cross-hair coincides with the
offset line, adjustment is not necessary.
Otherwise, adjust the horizontal cross-hair so
that it coincides with the offset line.
*The method of adjustment is the same as that
for adjusting the cross-hairs on a telescopic
image.
•
•
The horizontal cross-hair on the wide-angle image
does not coincide with the target collimated with the
telescope, but this is not a problem.
When the telescope is in the normal position, the
horizontal cross-hair will deviate from the collimated
target in the opposite direction from when the
telescope is in the reverse position.
129
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7.3.6 Checking / Adjusting the Optical Plummet Telescope
Adjustment is required to make the line of sight of the optical plummet telescope coincide with the
vertical axis ( otherwise the vertical axis will not be in the true vertical when the instrument is optically
plumbed).
• Check
1) Coincide the center mark and the point. (See Chapter 2 “PREPARATION FOR MEASUREMENT”.)
2) Rotate the instrument 180° or 200G around the vertical axis and check the center mark.
If the point is properly centered in the center mark, adjustment is not required. Otherwise, adjust in
the following manner.
• Adjustment
1) Take off the adjustment section cover of the optical plummet telescope eyepiece. This will expose
four capstan adjustment screws which should be adjusted with the accessory adjusting pin to shift
the center mark to the point. However, correct only one-half of the displacement in this manner.
Capstan
adjustment
screws
1/2 of displacement
Capstan
adjustment
screws
Eyepiece
Plummet telescope
2) Use the leveling screws and coincide the point and center mark.
3) Rotate the instrument 180° or 200G around the vertical axis once more and check the center mark.
If it is coincided to the point, then further adjustment is not required. Otherwise, repeat the
adjustment.
First, loosen the capstan adjustment screw on the side to which the center mark must be
moved. Then tighten the adjustment screw on the opposite side by an equal amount which
will leave the tension of the adjustment screws unchanged.
Revolve in the counterclockwise direction to loosen and in the clockwise direction to
tighten, but revolve as little as possible.
130
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7.3.7 Adjustment of Vertical Angle 0 Datum
If when measuring the vertical angle of target A at telescope position normal (direct) and reverse
settings, the amount of normal and reverse measurements combined is other than 360° (ZENITH-0),
half of the difference from 360° is the error amount from corrected 0 setting. Carry out adjustment. As
adjustment for vertical angle 0 setting is the criteria for determining instrument coordinate origin, use
special care for adjustment.
1
2
Level the instrument properly with the
plate level.
Press the [ADJUST] icon.
3
Press the [V ANGLE 0 ADJUST] key.
4
Collimate target A from the telescope properly
in normal setting.
5
Press the [SET] key.
6
Collimate target A in reverse telescope setting.
7
Press the [SET] key.
Measured value is set and carry out
adjustment mode.
8
Check that the total amount of normal and
reverse angular travel is 360° collimating the
target A by normal and reverse positions.
131
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7.4 How to Set the Instrument Constant Value
To set the Instrument constant which is obtained in section 7.1“Checking and Adjusting of Instrument
Constant” , follow as below.
1
Press the [ADJUST] icon from the main menu.
2
Press the [INST. CONSTANT] key.
3
Press the [PRISM] key.
4
5
Input value. * 1)
Press the [SET] key.
The display returns to previous menu.
*1) To cancel the setting, press the [EXIT] key.
132
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7.5 Compensation Systematic Error of Instrument
7.5.1 Adjustment of Compensation Systematic Error of Instrument
1) Error of vertical axis (X,Y tilt sensor offset)
2) Collimation error
3) Error of vertical angle 0 datum
4) Error of horizontal axis
The above mentioned errors will be compensated by software, which calculated internally according to
each compensation value.
Also these errors can be compensated by software collimating one side of the telescope that is carried
out to delete the error by turning in normal and reverse both sides of telescope so far.
1
2
Level the instrument properly with the
plate level.
Press the [ADJUST] icon from the main menu.
3
Press the [3AXIS COMPENSATION] key.
4
Press the [ADJUST] key.
5
Collimate target A (around 0° in horizontal
within ±3°) in normal telescope setting.
6
Press the [SET] key ten times.
The number of measurements is displayed at
the top right of the display. *1)
133
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7
8
Turn the telescope in reverse telescope setting.
Collimate target A.
9
Press the [SET] key ten times.
The number of measurements is displayed at
the top right of the display.
10 Collimate target B (more than ±10° from the
level) in reverse telescope setting.
11 Press the [SET] key ten times.
The number of measurements is displayed at
the top right of the display. *1)
12 Turn the telescope in normal telescope setting.
13 Collimate target B.
14 Press the [SET] key ten times.
Then the display returns to 3AXIS
compensation menu.
*1) Pressing the [SKIP] key enables to set next step without changing the last compensated value.
134
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7.5.2 Showing Compensation Systematic Error of Instrument
1
Press the [ADJUST] icon from the main menu.
2
3
Press the [3AXIS COMPENSATION] key.
Press the [CONSTANT DISPLAY] key.
4
Press the [EXIT] key.
The display returns to previous menu.
135
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
7.6 Self Checking Mode
• Self checking option
The self checking function is to check internal communication and tilt sensor offset value.
When ambient temperature is changed or the instrument is not balanced by its internal battery is
attached or detached, the self checking is recommended.
• Confirm the battery power remaining on the display.
Replace with charged battery or charge when battery level is low.
1
Confirm the instrument is leveled.
2
Press [SELF CHECK] key.
Self checking mode will display.
To skip the self checking, press [EXIT] key.
3
136
Level the instrument by turning the leveling
screws.
When the leveling is within ±30" and stable, the
self checking will start.
7 CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
The instrument will turn automatically and the
tilt sensor offset value will be measured and
memorized.
To cancel turning the instrument, press [EXIT]
key.
After checking, the ADJUST MPDE menu will
be shown.
137
8 SETTING THE PRISM / NON-PRISM CONSTANT CORRECTION VALUE
8
SETTING THE PRISM / NON-PRISM CONSTANT
CORRECTION VALUE
The prism constant value of Topcon is set to zero. When using prisms other than Topcon’s, it is
necessary to set the prism constant correction value of that specific prism.
Once you set the correction value for prism constant, it is retained after power is OFF.
Note: Confirm the non-prism constant value is set at 0 when measuring target such as
walls in Non-prism mode/Non-prism long mode.
Prism name
Prism constant value
Prism constant correction value
General Topcon prism
0mm
0mm
Pinpole prism set L1
Pinpole prism holder L1
+22mm or 0mm
-22mm or 0mm
Prism unit A2
-14mm
+14mm
Prism unit A5
-18mm
+18mm
Prism unit A6
0mm
0mm
Prism unit A7
+2mm
-2mm
[Example]
• How to Set Prism Constant Value
1
Turn the power switch on.
2
Press the [
3
Press the
[Prism constant value, Atmospheric correction]
icon.
4
Press the [Prism constant value] icon.
] key.
[Prism constant value, Atmospheric correction] icon
[Prism constant value] icon
[Non-Prism constant value] icon
138
8 SETTING THE PRISM / NON-PRISM CONSTANT CORRECTION VALUE
There are two ways to enter a prism constant
correction value as described below:
[ENTER] key
[Directly entering the prism constant correction value]
5
Press the prism selection switch and select
[Manual].
6
14
Enter the prism constant correction value. *1)
[Example] +14mm
When the prism constant value is -14mm, the
prism constant correction value will be +14mm.
*1) Input range : -99.9mm to +99.9mm (0.1mm step)
7
Press the [ENTER] key.
The prism constant correction value has been
set.
Prism selection switch
[Selecting prism to use]
(Example: Selecting prism unit A5)
8
Press the prism selection switch and select
[A5]. *2)
9
Press the [ENTER] key.
The prism constant correction value will be set
automatically.
*2) The prism constant correction values automatically set according to the selected prism are
as listed below.
Prism selection
Prism constant correction value
Pinpole prism set L1
Pinpole prism holder L1
-22mm
Prism unit A2
+14mm
Prism unit A5
+18mm
Prism unit A6
0mm
Prism unit A7
-2mm
Other
-30mm
139
9 SETTING ATMOSPHERIC CORRECTION
9
SETTING ATMOSPHERIC CORRECTION
The velocity of light through air is not constant and depends on the atmospheric temperature and
pressure. The atmospheric correction system of this instrument corrects automatically when the
correction value is set. 15°C/59°F, and 1013.25hPa / 760mmHg / 29.9 inHg is as a standard value for
0ppm in this instrument. The values are kept in the memory even after power is OFF.
9.1 Calculation of Atmospheric Correction
The followings are the correction formulas. Unit; meter

Ka = 

×P 
– -------------------------------  ×
+t 
–
Ka: Atmospheric correction value
P : Ambient atmospheric pressure (hPa)
t : Ambient Atmospheric temperature (°C)
The distance L (m) after atmospheric correction is obtained as follow.
L = l (1+Ka)
l :Measured distance when atmospheric
correction is not set.
Example : In case Temperature +20°C, Air pressure 847hPa, l =1000 m

Ka = 


×
– ----------------------------------------  ×
+

+ 50×10-6 (50 ppm)
L = 1000 (1+50×10-6) = 1000.050 m
140
–
9 SETTING ATMOSPHERIC CORRECTION
9.2 Setting of Atmospheric Correction Value
• How to Set Temperature and Pressure Value Directly
Measure the temperature and air pressure surrounding the instrument beforehand.
• Example : Temperature: +15°C, Pressure:1013.3 hPa
1
Turn the power switch on.
2
Press the [
3
Press the
[Prism constant value, Atmospheric correction]
icon.
4
Press the [TEMP.] icon.
5
Input Temp. value and Press. value.
] key.
[Prism constant value, Atmospheric correction] icon
[TEMP.] icon
[ENTER] key
[Example] *1) Temp. : +15.0°C
Press. : 1013.3hPa.
6
*1)
Press the [
] key.
Range :
Temp.
-30.0 °C to +60.0 °C (0.1 °C step) ,
-22.0 °F to +140.0 °F (0.1 °F step)
Press.
560.0 to 1066.0hPa (0.1hPa step) ,
420.0 to 800.0mmHg (0.1mmHg step) ,
16.5 to 31.5inHg (0.1inHg step)
141
9 SETTING ATMOSPHERIC CORRECTION
• How to Set the Atmospheric Correction Value Directly
Measure the temperature and air pressure to find atmospheric correction value(PPM) from the chart or
correction formula.
1
Turn the power switch on.
2
Press the [
3
Press the
[Prism constant value, Atmospheric correction]
icon.
4
Press the [PPM] icon.
5
Input atmospheric correction value. *1)
6
Press the [
] key.
[Prism constant value, Atmospheric correction] icon
[PPM] icon
*1) Input range : -999.9mm ~ +999.9mm (0.1mm step)
142
] key.
9 SETTING ATMOSPHERIC CORRECTION
Atmospheric Correction Chart (For your reference)
The atmospheric correction value is obtained easily with the atmospheric correction chart. Find the
measured temperature in horizontal, and pressure in vertical on the chart.
Read the value from the diagonal line, which represents the required atmospheric correction value.
Example:
The measured temperature is +26°C
The measured pressure is 1014 hPa
There fore,
The correction value is +10ppm
143
9 SETTING ATMOSPHERIC CORRECTION
144
9 SETTING ATMOSPHERIC CORRECTION
145
10 CORRECTION FOR REFRACTION AND EARTH CURVATURE
10
CORRECTION FOR REFRACTION AND EARTH
CURVATURE
The instrument measures distance, taking into account correction for refraction and earth curvature.
10.1 Distance Calculation Formula
Distance Calculation Formula; with correction for refraction and earth curvature taken into account.
Follow the Formula below for converting horizontal and vertical distances.
Horizontal distance D = AC(α) or BE(β)
Vertical distance Z =BC(α) or EA(β)
D = L{cosα–(2θ – γ ) sinα}
Z = L{sinα+(θ – γ ) cosα}
θ = L.cosα/2R........... Earth curvature
correcting item
γ =K•Lcosα/2R....... Atmospheric
refraction
correcting item
K =0.14 or 0.2.......... Coefficient of
refraction
R =6372km.............. Radius of earth
α ( or β)................... Altitude angle
L .............................. Slope distance
•
The conversion formula for horizontal and vertical distances is as follows when correction for
refraction and earth curvature is not applied.
D=L•cosα
Z=L•sinα
The coefficient of the instrument has been set at 0.14 before shipment (K=0.14).
if the "K" value is to be changed, refer to 6 “PARAMETERS SETTING MODE”.
146
11 POWER SOURCE AND CHARGING
11
POWER SOURCE AND CHARGING
11.1 On-board Battery BT-65Q
•
To remove
1 Pull the battery cover lever and open the battery cover.
2 Remove the battery.
POWER LED
Battery cover lever
CHARGE LED
BC-30D
AD-12
AC-cable
BT-65Q
•
To charge
1 Connect the AC/DC converter AD-12 and AC-Cable to the charger. *1)
2 Plug the AC-Plug into the outlet. (The POWER LED will light.)
3 Attach the battery in the charger. Charging will start. (The CHARGE LED will Orange.)
Charging will take approximately 5 hours per battery. (The CHARGE LED will Green.)
If two batteries are attached to the charger, it will take about 10 hours to charge them completely.
If battery power is at a very low level when beginning charging, such as after the instrument has
been in storage over an extended period of time in a discharge state, a full charge may not be
possible with a single charging. In such a case, recharge a second time.
4 After charging, remove the battery from the charger.
Remove the charger from the outlet.
The POWER LED
Red ON
: Power is on.
The CHARGE LED will indicate charging status;
OFF
: Wait for charging.
Orange ON
: Charging.
Green ON
: Charging completed.
Orange Flashing: Charging error.
CHARGE LED will flash when the battery life is over or the battery is
broken down. Replace the battery to new one.
*1) Always use the AC/DC converter provided with the product.
•
To install
1 Place the battery to the instrument.
2 Shut the battery cover until click sound can be heard.
147
11 POWER SOURCE AND CHARGING
•
•
•
Do not charge continuously, otherwise the battery and the charger may be deteriorated.
If charging is necessary, use the charger after stopping charge for approximately 30 minutes.
Do not charge the battery in right after the battery is charged, it causes deterioration of the battery
in rare cases.
The charger may develop heat while charging, there is no problem of it.
Note: 1
2
3
4
5
148
Recharging should take place in a room with an ambient temperature range of
10°C to 40°C (50°F to 104°F).
If charging is done at high temperature, charging time of the battery may take
longer.
Exceeding the specified charging time may shorten the life of the battery and
should be avoided if possible.
The battery source will discharge when stored and should be checked before using
with instrument.
If the instrument is not used over an extended period of time, store in a place at
30°C or below in a 50% charged state.
Over discharge will lower performance and a full charge may become impossible.
Please charge once every few months.
12 DETACH/ATTACH OF TRIBRACH
12
DETACH/ATTACH OF TRIBRACH
The instrument is easily detached or attached to the tribrach.
Tribrach fixing screw
Tribrach alignment groove
Securing screw
Tribrach fixing lever
Alignment piece
Tribrach alignment groove
•
1)
2)
3)
Detachment
Loosen the tribrach fixing screw.
Loosen the tribrach fixing lever by turning counterclockwise.
Lift the instrument straight upwards and off.
•
1)
2)
3)
Attachment
Coincide the alignment piece on the lower part of the instrument with the tribrach alignment groove.
Tighten the tribrach fixing lever firmly by turning clockwise.
Tighten the tribrach fixing screw.
• Locking the Tribrach Fixing lever
The tribrach fixing lever can be locked from being moved accidentally. This is useful if the upper
instrument section is not being detached very often. Simply tighten the securing screw on the fixing
lever with the accessory screw driver.
149
13 SPECIAL ACCESSORIES
13
SPECIAL ACCESSORIES
RC-3H
RC-3R
Remote Control System RC-3
Using together with RC-3R makes it possible to
optical communication between the IS series and RC3R. This gives easy operation for one man surveying.
Tribrach TR-5
This is detachable tribrach having tribrach fixing
screw.
Optical plummet tribrach TR-5P
This is detachable tribrach having built-in optical
plummet telescope.
(Compatible with Wild)
Trough compass, Model 6
Shock proof construction. No clamp is necessary
when carrying the instrument.
Solar filter, Model 6
A filter designed exclusively for direct collimation of
the sun.
Solar filter of flap-up type.
Diagonal eyepiece, Model 10
Observation in an easy posture will be provided up
to the zenith position
Solar reticle, Model 6
A reticle designed for collimation of the sun.
Can be used together with Solar Filter.
150
13 SPECIAL ACCESSORIES
Prism unit case, Model 3
This is the plastic case to store and carry various
sets of prisms.
The case covers one of the following prism sets:
• Tilt single prism set
• Tilt single prism set with a target plate
• Fixed triple prism unit
• Fixed triple prism unit with a target plate
• External dimensions:
Prism unit case, Model 5
427(L)×254(W)×242(H) mm
1 prisms unit or fixed 3 prisms unit can be stored in
this case. Especially, this is a very easy case to carry. • Weight:3.1kg
Soft material is used.
• External dimensions:
200(L)×200(W)×350(H) mm
• Weight:0.5kg
Prism unit case, Model 6
Fixed 9 prisms unit or tilting 3 prisms unit can be
stored in this case. Especially, this is a very easy case
to carry. Soft material is used.
• External dimensions:
250(L)×120(W)×400(H) mm
• Weight:0.5kg
Gadget case, Model 1
A case to store and carry accessories.
• External dimensions:
300(L)×145(W)×220(H) mm
• Weight:1.4kg
Back pack, Model 2
Convenient for use in mountainous terrain.
Aluminum extension leg tripod, TP-110
• Flat head 5/8" × 11 threads with adjustable legs.
Wide-frame extension leg tripod, DW-1
• Flat head 5/8" × 11 threads with adjustable
legs.
Power cord PC-21
• External battery cord (Imput voltage : DC12V)
151
14 BATTERY SYSTEM
14
BATTERY SYSTEM
In case of On-board battery
In case of External battery
External battery connector
BT-65Q
IS series
Charging
Battery
Charging time
Charger
Quick charge
for AC100V-240V use
Approx. 5h
BT-65Q
Note:
Use batteries made by Topcon.
Use of other batteries will cause malfunction.
152
BC-30D
15 PRISM SYSTEM
15
PRISM SYSTEM
Arrangement according to your needs is possible.
Target pole-2
(not used with 9 prisms)
Prism-2
Tilting prism
holder-2
with target
plate-2
Tilting prism Single prism
holder-3
holder-2
Triple prism
holder-2
Tilting triple
prism holder-1 9 prism
holder-2
Plug-3
Tribrach
adaptor-2
Tribrach
adaptor-S2
Pole adaptor- A
Pole adaptor- F2
Tribrach
Optical plummet tribrach
Tilt single prism unit
Prism unit A6R/A6S
Prism unit A7R
Prism unit A7S
Tripod
•
Use the above prisms after setting them at the same height as the instruments. To adjust the height
of prism set, change the position of fixing screws.
Plug 3 is necessary for the tribrach adaptor-2, tribrach adaptor-S2 and pole adaptor-F2 to coincide
with the height of IS series.
•
TR-5 or TR-5P tribrach should be used for prism side when the traverse surveys is performed.
153
16 PRECAUTIONS
16
PRECAUTIONS
1) For transportation, hold by the handle or yoke of the instrument. Never hold by the lens barrel as it
can affect the fixing bracket inside and reduce the accuracy of the instrument.
2) Never expose the instrument without a filter to direct sunlight. It may damage the components
inside the instrument.
3) Never leave the instrument unprotected in high temperature. The temperature inside instrument
may easily reach up to 70°C or above and will reduce the service life.
4) When a high degree of precision is required for measurement, provide shade against direct sunlight
for the instrument and tripod.
5) Any sudden change of temperature to the instrument or prism may result in a reduction of
measuring distance range, i.e. when taking the instrument out from a heated vehicle.
6) When opening the carrying case and taking out the instrument, place the case horizontally, then
open the case.
7) When returning the instrument to its case, be sure to match the white positioning marks provided
with the case and place the instrument.
8) For transportation, provide dampening or a cushion appropriately to avoid sudden shock or
vibration.
9) For cleaning the instrument after use, remove dust using a cleaning brush, then wipe off with a
cloth.
10) For cleaning the lens surface, use a cleaning brush to remove the dust, then use a clean lintless
cotton cloth. Moisten it with alcohol (or mixture with ether) to wipe gently in a rotational motion from
the center out.
11) Even if any abnormality occurs, never attempt to disassemble or lubricate the instrument yourself.
Always consult with TOPCON or your dealer.
12) To remove the dust on the case, never use thinner or benzine. Use a clean cloth moistened with
neutral detergent.
13) Check each part of the tripod after extended use. Parts (screws or clamps) may work themselves
free.
154
17 MESSAGE/ERROR DISPLAYS
17
MESSAGE/ERROR DISPLAYS
17.1 Message
Message code
Description
Countermeasures
Please Input Value!
No value was entered at time of
numerical value input.
Input numerical value.
Please Input Exact Value!
A value outside permissible range was
input at time of numerical value input.
Input exact numerical value.
V Angle 0Set Error(Step1)
V angle 0-set is over.
(in normal telescope)
V Angle 0Set Error(Step2)
V angle 0-set is over.
(in reverse telescope)
V Angle 0Set Over(Total)
V angle 0-set is over.
(in normal and reverse telescope)
V Angle Range Over
V angle range is over.
V Angle Offset Range Over
V angle offset range is over.
V Angle Tilt Offset Range Over
V angle tilt offset range is over.
Collimation constant Range Over
Collimation constant range is over.
Horizontal angle axis constant Range Over
Horizontal angle axis constant range is
over.
Please Select!
Selection is not made.
Select communication channel for
Wireless communication.
Please change to PRISM mode
Please change to PRISM mode
Switch the mode of EDM to PRISM
mode.
[The range for adjusting the cross-hairs has
been exceeded.]
You have gone beyond the range in
which the cross-hairs can be adjusted.
Check the procedure, then carry out
adjustment again.
Confirm the operation procedure is
correct and adjust again.
Adjust again from the beginning.
Level the instrument properly and
adjust again.
155
17 MESSAGE/ERROR DISPLAYS
17.2 Error
Error code
Description
Countermeasures
Data Read Error 01 to 27
The data could not be loaded.
Data Set Error 01 to 17
The data could not be set.
Close the program and restart the instrument.
EDM Offset Read Error
The EDM offset could not be loaded.
If this error code continues to be displayed, repair is required.
EDM Offset Set Error
The EDM offset could not be set.
Ext Communication Retry Error
The external communication could
not be accomplished.
XTILT OVER
X tilt is over.
Instrument tilts over more than 6
minutes.
YTILT OVER
Y tilt is over.
Instrument tilts over more than 6
minutes.
V-Angle Error
Displayed when the telescope rotated too fast.
There is no error.
H-Angle Error
Displayed when the instrument rotated too fast
If this error code continues to be displayed, repair is required
Tilt Error
Any abnormality occurs with Tilt sensor.
E-60’
Any abnormality occurs with EDM.
E-86
Internal Comm Error
Any abnormality occurs with the internal communication of the instrument.
Close the program and restart the instrument.
E-99
Any abnormality occurs with internal
memory.
Repair is required.
E-200’
Any abnormality occurs with motor
driving.
Repair is required.
E-300’
Any abnormality occurs with autotracking function.
Repair is required
E-400’
Any abnormality occurs with focusing function.
Repair is required
E-500
The image function could not be
successfully executed.
E-800’
Self Checking has failed because of
heavy vibration.
Confirm the operation procedure is correct.
Confirm the cable connection is correct.
Level the instrument properly.
Repair is required.
Close the program and restart the instrument.
If this error code continues to be displayed, repair is required.
Activate Self Checking at a place with
lighter vibration.
LNP Range Set Error
LNP Range Read Error
Turn the Absolute Angle Set Error
Prism Constant Set Error
Forecast Auto Tracking Time Set Error
Angle Turn Stop Error
Angle Turn Status Get Error
Angle Turn Speed Set Error
Angle Turn Reverse Set Error
Turn the Relative Angle Set Error
Auto Tracking Mode Change Error
Auto Aim Set Error
Channel change error
SSWireless reset error
156
Close the program and restart the instrument.
Repeat the same procedure.
If this error code is still displayed, repair
is required.
17 MESSAGE/ERROR DISPLAYS
Adjust Axis mode set Error
Adjust Axis Read Error
Adjust Axis Set Error
Angle Turn Set Error
Adjust Axis range Error.(1)
Adjust Axis dist Error.(2)
Adjust Axis f/r diff Error.(3)
Adjust VAxis std div Error.(4)
Adjust HAxis std div Error.(5)
Bluetooth mode change error
(Trn mode)
Bluetooth mode change error
(Command mode)
Close the program and restart the instrument.
If this error code is consistently displayed, repair is required.
Bluetooth local device name get error
Bluetooth pincode get error
Bluetooth pincode set error
Bluetooth security get error
Bluetooth security set error
There is no response from Bluetooth module
There is no response from SSWireless module
•
If error still persist after attempting to clear them, contact your local Topcon dealer or Topcon head
office.
157
18 SPECIFICATIONS
18
SPECIFICATIONS
Telescope
Length
Objective lens
Magnification
Image
Field of view
Resolving power
Minimum focus
Reticle illumination
Assist Focus
Method
Focus area
Focus time
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
165mm
45mm (EDM 50mm)
30×
Erect
1°30'
3"
1.4m
Provided
: Distance focus method or
Contrat pack detection method
: 5m - 1000m
: Within 4 - 5.2 sec.
Image Sensor
Wide
Pixel
Magnification
Minimum focus
Angle of field (Diagonal)
Telescope
Pixel
Magnification
Minimum focus
Angle of field (Diagonal)
:
:
:
:
1.3M pixel(1280 x 1024) SXGA
0.5 / 1.0 / 2.0 / 4.0 / 8.0
2.0 m
33°
:
:
:
:
1.3M pixel(1280 x 1024) SXGA
0.5 / 1.0 / 2.0 / 4.0 / 8.0
2.0 m
1°
Automatic Tracking / Collimating
Maximum Automatic Tracking speed
Automatic Collimating area
Automatic Tracking range *1)
: 15° /sec
: ±5°
:
Prism type 2, with 1 prism
8 to 1000 m (26 to 3,280ft)
Pinpole Prism , with 1 prism
5 to 600 m (16 to 1,960ft)
Prism Unit Type A6/A7
10 to 600 m (33 to 1,960ft)
Reflector tape (5cm× 5cm)
10 to 50 m (33 to 164 ft)
Automatic Collimation accuracy
Search pattern
Search range
Safety standard for Laser Beam
:
:
:
:
2” Standard deviation *2)
Pattern 1 / Pattern 2
Any value can be set, able to set (1° step)
Class 1 (IEC Publication 825)
Class ll (FDA/BRH 21 CFR 1040)
*1) Condition : Normal (Visibility about 20km), except high humidity time.
Automatic Tracking range of Reflector tape will differ depending on the kind of reflector tape.
*2) The air condition is stable and prism is staying.
Automatic Collimation / Tracking accuracy is available only for prism use except for reflector
tape.
Scanning *1)
Range
: 150m *2)
Speed
: Max 20points/sec, Typical 10points/sec
Standard deviation
: 5mm
Single 3D point accuracy
: 12mm
*1) When using TopSURV scan function in non-stop mode
*2)Target color, atmospheric conditions and scanning angles will impact range.
158
18 SPECIFICATIONS
Manual Driving
Maximum rotating speed *
Coarse movement
Fine movement
Driving range
:
:
:
:
85° /sec
Shuttle driving (in 7 steps)
Jog driving (minimum step about 1 second)
0°≤ HR <+360°
* By reverse, rotating instruction
Distance measurement
Measurement range
•
Prism mode
Atmospheric conditions
Prism
Condition 1
Condition 2
Mini prism
1,000m (3,280ft)
----
1 prism
3,000m (9,842ft)
4,000m (13,123ft)
3 prisms
4,000m (13,123ft)
5,300m (17,388ft)
9 prisms
5,000m (16,404ft)
6,500m (21,325ft)
Condition 1: Slight haze with visibility about 20km (12.5miles) moderate sunlight with light heat
shimmer.
Condition 2: No haze with visibility about 40km(25 miles), overcast with no heat shimmer.
•
Non-prism mode
Atmospheric conditions
Target
In low light condition and without sun glare on target
Kodak gray card
(White surface)
•
1.5m to 250 m (5 to 820 ft)
Non-prism long mode
Atmospheric conditions
Target
In low light condition and without sun glare on target
Kodak gray card
(Gray surface, A square
wall with sides of 0.5 meter)
5 to 700 m (16.4 to 2296 ft)
Kodak gray card
(White surface, A square
wall with sides of 1 meter)
5 to 2000 m (16.4 to 6561 ft)
159
18 SPECIFICATIONS
Measurement accuracy/Least Count in Measurement/Measurement Time
•
Prism mode
D:Measuring distance
Measurement mode
Measurement accuracy *1)
0.2mm mode
Fine
Least Count
in Measurement
Measurement
Time
0.2mm
(0.001ft)
Approx. 3 sec.
(Initial 4 sec.)
1mm
(0.005ft)
Approx. 1.2 sec.
(Initial 3 sec.)
± (2mm +2ppm x D) m.s.e.
1mm mode
1mm mode
± (7mm +2ppm × D) m.s.e.
1mm
(0.005ft)
Approx. 0.5 sec.
(Initial 2.5 sec.)
10mm mode
± (10mm +2ppm × D) m.s.e.
10mm
(0.02ft)
Approx. 0.3 sec.
(Initial 2.5 sec.)
Coarse
•
Non-prism mode (Diffusing Surface)
D:Measuring distance
Least Count
in Measurement
Measurement
Time *2)
0.2mm
(0.001ft)
Approx. 3 sec.
(Initial 4 sec.)
1mm mode
1mm
(0.005ft)
Approx. 1.2 sec.
(Initial 3 sec.)
1mm mode
1mm
(0.005ft)
Approx. 0.5 sec.
(Initial 2.5 sec.)
10mm
(0.02ft)
Approx. 0.3 sec.
(Initial 2.5 sec.)
Measurement mode
Measurement accuracy
0.2mm mode
Fine
± (5mm) m.s.e.
Coarse
± (10mm) m.s.e.
10mm mode
•
Non-prism long mode *3) *4) (Diffusing Surface)
D:Measuring distance
Measurement mode
Measurement accuracy
Least Count
in Measurement
Measurement
Time
Fine
1mm mode
± (10mm +10ppm x D)
m.s.e.
1mm
(0.005ft)
Approx. 1.5~6 sec.
(Initial 6~8 sec.)
5mm mode
± (20mm +10ppm × D)
m.s.e.
5mm
(0.02ft)
Approx. 1~3 sec.
(Initial 6~8 sec.)
10mm mode
± (100mm) m.s.e.
10mm
(0.02ft)
Approx. 0.4 sec.
(Initial 4~7 sec.)
Coarse
*1)More than 2m
*2)The initial time will be different by a condition.
*3)Measurement distance: No more than 500m, When Kodak gray card (white surface) is used.
*4)However, when the measurement distance is more than 500 m, or when the reflectance of the
measured surface is low, measurement time will become longer.
Laser class for distance measurement
Atmospheric Correction Range
Prism Constant Correction Range
Coefficient Factor
160
:
:
:
:
:
Class 1(IEC Publication 825)
Class I(FDA/BHR 21 CFR 1040)
–999.9 ppm to +999.9 ppm, in 0.1 ppm increments
–99.9 mm to +99.9 mm, in 0.1 mm increments
Meter / Feet
International feet
1meter = 3.2808398501 ft.
US SURVEY feet
1meter = 3.2808333333 ft.
18 SPECIFICATIONS
Electronic Angle Measurement
Method
Detecting system :
Horizontal
Vertical
Minimum reading
IS 201
IS 203
IS 205
: Absolute reading
: 2 sides
: 2 sides
: 1"/0.5" (0.2mgon/0.1mgon, 5mmil/2mmil) reading
: 5"/1" (1mgon/0.2mgon, 20mmil/ 5mmil) reading
: 5"/1" (1mgon/0.2mgon, 20mmil/ 5mmil) reading
Accuracy(Standard deviation based on DIN 18723)
IS 201
: 1" (0.3mgon)
: 3" (1.0mgon)
IS 203
: 5" (1.5mgon)
IS 205
Diameter of circle
: 71 mm
Tilt Correction
Type
Method
Compensating Range
Correction unit
:
:
:
:
Automatic vertical and Horizontal index
Liquid type
±6'
1"(0.1mgon)
Computer unit
Microprocessor
Processor speed
Operating system
Memory
:
:
:
:
Intel PXA255
400MHz
Microsoft  Windows  CE.NET 4.2
128MB / RAM
2MB Flash ROM
1GB micro SD Card
Display
LCD
Touch panel
Bluetooth  Unit
Bluetooth  Communication distance
Bluetooth  Transmitting
Bluetooth  Standard
Wireless LAN Function
Communication distance
Transmission output
Transmission method
Transmission specifications
Access method
Antenna
Security
Frequency range
SS Wireless Function
Communication distance
: 3.5 inch TFT color LCD
(240x320 dots)
: Electrical analog resistor thin film system
: About 5m
(The range will be different by a condition)
: Class2 (10mW or less)
: V1.2
: About 250m(While in communication with FC-200)
(The range will be different by a condition)
: 30mW
: Direct sequence spread spectrum (DS-SS)
communication
: IEEE802.11b/g
: Infrastructure mode, adhoc mode
: Diversity method (built-in)
: WEP(128/64bit), TKIP
: 2.4GHz (2,412~2,462MHz) (1~11ch)
: About 1000m
(While in communication with RS-1, accessory to FC-200)
(Distance may vary due to obstruction between the
communication instruments or communication status)
Transmission output
Transmission method
Frequency range
: 100mW or less
: DS/FH hybrid SS method
: 2.4GHz (2,412~2,462MHz)
161
18 SPECIFICATIONS
Interface
Based on RS-232C (6 pin)
Based on CompactFlash (Type I/II)*
*CompactFlash is a trademark of SanDisk corporation.
USB
: Type miniB Rev.1.1(Active Sync)
Type A Rev.2.0(USB Memory)
Others
Instrument height
Level sensitivity
Circular level
Plate level
Optical Plummet Telescope
Magnification
Focusing range
Image
Field of view
Laser pointer
Light source
Wave length
Out put
Laser class
Optical communication
Laser class
Dimension
: 196mm (7.7in) Base unit detachable
(Height from the tribrach dish to the center of
telescope)
: 10'/2mm
: 20"/2 mm (IS 201)
30"/2 mm (IS 203)
30"/2 mm (IS 205)
:
:
:
:
3×
0.5m to infinity
Erect
4°
:
:
:
:
:
LD (Visible laser)
690nm
1mW maximum
Class 2(IEC Publication 825)
Class II(FDA/BHR 21 CFR 1040)
: CLASS 2 (Class ll) laser product
: 338 (H) × 220 (W)× 185 (L) mm
(13.3 (H) × 8.6 (W) × 7.2 (L) in)
Weight
Instrument (not including battery and tribrach)
Battery(BT-65Q)
Tribrach
Carrying case
:
:
:
:
Durability
Protection against water and dust
Ambient Temperature Range
: IP54 (Based on the standard IEC60529)
: –20°C to +50°C (–4°F to +122°F)
External Battery
Input voltage
6.2 kg (13.6 lbs)
0.2 kg (0.4 lbs)
0.8 kg (1.7 lbs)
4.5 kg (9.9 lbs)
: DC12 V
Rechargeable Battery BT-65Q (This battery does not contain mercury.)
Output voltage
: DC7.4 V
Capacity
: 5000mAh
Maximum operating time, at +20°C (+68°F), (when not using assist-focus)
Normal use (When using SS wireless)
: Approx. 3.0 hours*1)
Normal use (When using wireless LAN)
: Approx. 2.7 hours*1)
Continuous Scanning (Scanning mode is used for TopSURV.) : Approx. 3.0 hours*2)
Angle measurement and Distance measurement
: Approx. 3.5 hours*2)
*1) Continuous double face observations using automatic collimation
*2) When not using wireless LAN and SS wireless
•
162
Battery using time will vary depending on environmental conditions and operations done with
IS series.
18 SPECIFICATIONS
Battery Charger BC-30D (with AC/DC converter AD-12 and AC-cable)
Input voltage
: AC 100-240V
Frequency
: 50/60Hz
Recharging time (at +20°C /+68°F)
Battery BT-65Q
: 5 hours/1 battery
Operating temperature
: +10°C to +40°C ( +50°F to 104°F)
Charging signal
: Orange charge lamp should glow
Finishing signal
: Green charge lamp should glow
Weight(with AC/DC converter)
: 0.4kg (0.8 lbs)
163
APPENDIX
19
APPENDIX
1
Dual Axis Compensation
Inclination of the vertical axis with respect to true vertical will result in incorrectly measured horizontal
angles. The extent of the error in horizontal angle measurement due to axis tilt depends on three
factors :
•
•
•
the amount of the tilt of axis
the elevation of the target
the horizontal angle between the direction of till of the vertical axis and the target.
These factors are related by the following formula :
Hzerr = V•sinα • tanh
where v = tilt of axis in arcseconds
α = azimuth angle between vert. axis direction and target
h = elevation of target
Hzerr = error in horizontal angle
Example: When the vertical axis is tilted by 30 arcseconds, the target is 10° above the horizon and
rotated 90 in azimuth from the direction of the vertical axis error.
Hzerr = 30" • sinα • tan10°
Hzerr = 30" • 1 • 0 .176326=5.29"
From the above example it can be seen that horizontal angle errors will increase with steeper vertical
sights (tangent will increase as vertical angle increases) and will be at a maximum when the target is at
right angles (sin 90°=1) to the direction of the vertical axis error. Errors will be at a minimum when the
sights are nearly horizontal (h=0, tan0=0) and in the same direction as the vertical axis error (α =0,
sin0=0). Please refer to the table below to see the relationship between axis tilt (v) and elevation (h) and
the error in horizontal angles which results from these factors.
h
0°
1°
5°
10°
30°
45°
V
164
0"
0"
0"
0"
0"
0"
0"
5"
0"
0.09"
0.44"
0.88"
2.89"
5"
10"
0"
0.17"
0.87"
1.76"
5.77"
10"
15
0"
0.26"
1.31"
2.64"
8.66"
15"
30"
0"
0.52"
2.62"
5.29"
17.32"
30"
1'
0"
1.05"
5.25"
10.58"
34.64"
1'
APPENDIX
It is clear from the table that dual axis compensation has the most benefit when the elevation of the
target is greater then 30° and the axis is tilted more than 10". The entries indicated in bold in the table
show, in fact, that for many common surveying applications i.e. target elevation <30° and axis error
<10", virtually no correction would be required. Dual axis compensation is especially suited then for
applications where the sights are very steep.
Even though the compensators can correct horizontal angles for vertical axis errors,
it is still important to use care in setting up the instrument.
Centering error, for instance, cannot be corrected by the compensators. If the vertical axis is tilted by
1’ with the instrument 1.4 meters above the ground, a centering error of approx. 0.4mm will result. The
maximum effect of this error at 10m is about 8" of horizontal angle error.
In order to maintain the increased accuracy possible through dual axis compensation, it is necessary to
keep the compensators in proper adjustment.The compensators must agree with the actual level
condition of the instrument. Through various environmental stresses, the agreement between the level
condition sensed by the compensators and the true level condition of the instrument may be disturbed.
In order to reestablish the correct relationship between the compensator and the true level condition of
the instrument, it is necessary to carry out the vertical indexing procedure listed on Section
7.3.7“Adjustment of Vertical Angle 0 Datum” . This adjustment will both reset the vertical index (cause a
direct + indirect zenith reading to the same elevation to equal 360°) and zero the level reference for the
horizontal compensator. While correct vertical angles can be obtained by averaging direct and indirect
reading even when the index is improperly adjusted, the same is not true for horizontal angles. Since
the vertical axis error is fixed for a given setup, its effect cannot be removed by averaging two readings.
For this reason, it is extremely important to maintain the vertical indexing adjustment to
insure proper correction of the horizontal angles.
165
20 INDEX
20
INDEX
A
Automatic Collimation
Automatic Tracking
Active Sync
Angle Measurement
Angle measuring mode
Auto Power Off
Automatic
B
BATTERY SYSTEM
Backlight Adjustment
Battery Power Remaining Display
C
CHARGING
CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT
Coordinate Measurement
Coordinate measuring mode
correction for earth curvature
correction for refraction
D
Data Output
Distance Measurement
Distance measuring mode
E
ERROR DISPLAYS
F
Focus Function
H
Hardware Reset
How to Enter Numerals and Alphabet Letters
How to Set the Instrument Constant Value
I
Instrument Constant
L
Laser Pointer
M
Main Menu Contains
Memory Card
O
Operation Key
Operating Panel Key
Optical Plummet Telescope
P
PARAMETERS SETTING MODE
POWER SOURCE AND CHARGING
Power OFF
PRISM / NON-PRISM CONSTANT VALUE
Prism mode and Non-prism mode
R
Reticle illumination
RAM Data Backup
S
Set audio mode (S/A mode)
SETTING ATMOSPHERIC CORRECTION
Shortcut Keys
166
Software Reset
Stake Out (S.O)
Star Key Mode
T
Task Manager
Touch Panel Calibration
Tracking Indicator
TRIBRACH
V
Vertical Angle Percent Grade(%) Mode
Regulatory Information
The following sections provide information on this product's compliance with government regulations.
FCC Compliance
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant
to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to
correct the interference at his own expense.
WARNING:
Change or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the
user's authority to operate the equipment.
Specified cables must be used for connection to host computer and/or peripherals in order to meet FCC
emission limits.
Declaration of Conformity
Model Number:
Trade Name:
IS 201 / IS 203 / IS 205
TOPCON CORPORATION
Manufacture
Name:
Address:
Country:
TOPCON CORPORATION
75-1, Hasunuma-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 174-8580 JAPAN
JAPAN
U.S.A. Representative
Responsible party:
Address:
Telephone number:
TOPCON POSITIONING SYSTEMS,INC.
7400 National Drive Livermore, CA94551, U.S.A
925-245-8300
Means of conformity
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules, Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
167
Community of Europe Compliance
We, Topcon Corporation, declare EC Conformity for the following products:
Product Identification:
Brand:
Model/Type:
TOPCON
IS 201 / IS 203 / IS 205
Manufacturer:
Name:
Address:
Country:
Tel:
TOPCON CORPORATION
75-1, Hasunuma-cho, Itabashi-ku, TOKYO, 174-8580
JAPAN
03-3558-2579 Fax: 03-3966-0038
Standards used:
EN 60950-1: 2006
EN 300 328 V1.7.1
EN 301 489-1 V1.6.1
EN 301 489-17 V1.2.1
We, the manufacturer (name of the manufacturer) hereby declare that this equipment (type of the equipment), model IS 201 / IS 203 / IS 205 is in compliance with the essential requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive 1999/5/EC.
EMC NOTICE
168
Bluetooth® and the Bluetooth® logos are trademarks owned by Bluetooth® SIG, Inc. and licensed to Topcon
Corporation.
TOPCON CORPORATION
75-1 Hasunuma-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 174-8580, Japan
www.topcon.co.jp
2009 TOPCON CORPORATION
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
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