USER MANUAL

USER MANUAL
Quanti
USER MANUAL
TM
FOREWORD
Dear Customer,
Thank you for purchasing Finero’s test and measurement equipment. Finero is obliged to provide you with the best on the
market available test and measurement equipment. Over 30 years of Finero experience in most demanding production
applications is made available to you in this piece of equipment.
We are confident that this equipment will support your endeavors to keep up the good quality of your production.
If you have any comments about Finero products, software or services I would like to hear of them.
Yours truly,
Risto Vuolle
Chief Executive Officer
Finero Inc.
Kausala, Finland
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
MANUFACTURER: FINERO OY
ADDRESS:
HALTONINTIE 5, 47400 KAUSALA, FINLAND
PRODUCT NAME:
QUANTI
CONFORMS TO THE FOLLOWING STANDARDS:
SAFETY:
61010-1: 2002
EMC:
EN 61326
EN 61000-3-2: 2006/ A2: 2009
EN 55022: 2006
EN 61000-4-2: 1995/ A2: 2000
EN 61000-4-3: 2006/ A1: 2008
EN 61000-4-4: 2004
EN 61000-4-5: 2006
EN 61000-4-6: 2007
EN 61000-4-11 The product herewith complies with the requirements of the Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EY and the EMC Directive
2004/108/EY.
The CE marking has been affixed on the device according to article 10 of the EMC Directive 2004/108/EY.
The technical file and other documentation are on file with Finero Oy.
Risto Vuolle, CEO
Finero Oy
Kausala, Finland
October 28, 2010
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
AS USED IN THIS MANUAL
HIGH VOLTAGE CHAPTER
AC
Alternating current, AC: Current which reverses direction on a regular basis, commonly in the U.S.A 60 times per second,
in other countries 50 times per second.
CLASS I EQUIPMENT
Product that use basic insulation in combination with an additional safety level of using protective earth. Class I products
have a three-prong power cord.
CLASS II EQUIPMENT
Product that relies not only on basic insulation but an additional safety level of supplemental insulation or reinforced
insulation. Class II products typically have a two-prong power cord.
CURRENT
The movement of electronics through a conductor. Current is measured in amperes, milliamperes, microamperes,
nanoamperes or picoamperes. Symbol = I.
DC
Direct Current, DC: Current which flows in one direction only. The source of direct current is said to be polarized and
has one terminal which is always at a higher potential than the other.
DEVICE UNDER TEST (DUT)
The product being tested.
DIELECTRIC
An insulating material which is positioned between two conductive materials in such a way that a charge or voltage may
appear across the two conductive materials.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK
An electric shock occurs when a person comes into contact with an electrical energy source. Electrical energy flows
through a portion of the body causing a shock. Exposure to electrical energy may result in no injury at all or may result
in devastating damage or death. Burns are the most common injury from electric shock.
GROUND
The base reference from which voltages are measured, nominally the same potential as the earth. Ground is also the side
of a circuit that is at the same potential as the base reference.
HIGH LIMIT
The high limit is the upper value for a test to be considered a pass. If the measured value is higher than the high limit
the test is considered a fail. In dielectric withstand (hipot), leakage current and ground bond test modes a high limit is
required.
HIGH VOLTAGE CHAPTER
INSULATION
The protection against unwanted flow of current through a path, as between a circuit of a product and the ground
reference. Materials that prevent current flow are referred to as insulators or dielectrics.
LOW LIMIT
The lower value for a test to be considered a pass. If the measured value is lower than the low limit the test is considered
a fail. In insulation resistance mode a low limit is required.
RAMP
The gradual increase or decrease of voltage or current over a period of time (step).
VOLTAGE
Electrical pressure, the force which causes current through an electrical conductor. Symbol = V.
GROUND BOND CHAPTER
AC
Alternating current, AC: Current which reverses direction on a regular basis, commonly in the U.S.A 60 times per second,
in other countries 50 times per second.
CE MARK
CE marki is a mandatory conformance mark on many products placed on the single market in the European Economic
Area (EEA). The CE marking certifies that a product has met EU consumer safety, health or environmental requirements.
CE stands for conformité européenne, French for “European conformity”. By affixing the CE marking to a product, the
manufacturer – on his sole responsibility – declares that it meets EU safety, health and environmental requirements.
CLASS I EQUIPMENT
Product that use basic insulation in combination with an additional safety level of using protective earth. Class I products
have a three-prong power cord.
CURRENT
The movement of electronics through a conductor. Current is measured in amperes, milliamperes, microamperes,
nanoamperes or picoamperes. Symbol = I.
CONDUCTOR
A solid or liquid material which has the ability to let current pass through it, and which has a volume resistivity of no
more than 103 ohm-cm.
DC
Direct Current, DC: Current which flows in one direction only. The source of direct current is said to be polarized and
has one terminal which is always at a higher potential than the other.
DEVICE UNDER TEST (DUT)
The product being tested.
GROUND BOND CHAPTER
HIGH LIMIT
The high limit is the upper value for a test to be considered a pass. If the measured value is higher than the high limit
the test is considered a fail. In dielectric withstand (hipot), leakage current and ground bond test modes a high limit is
required.
LOW LIMIT
The lower value for a test to be considered a pass. If the measured value is lower than the low limit the test is considered
a fail. In insulation resistance mode a low limit is required.
OHM’S LAW
The fundamental law of electrical circuits that describes the relationship between voltage, current and impedance (or
resistance). For DC circuits, Ohm’s law states that Current = Voltage / Resistance. For AC circuits, Current = Voltage /
Impedance. Stated conversely, Voltage = Current x Resistance (DC) or Current x Impedance (AC). The difference between
the DC resistance and AC impedance is that AC circuits must deal with phase and time relationships and DC circuits do
not.
RESISTANCE
That property of a substance which impedes current and results in the dissipation of power in the form of heat. The
practical unit is the ohm. Symbol = R.
VOLTAGE
Electrical pressure, the force which causes current through an electrical conductor. Symbol = V.
INSULATION RESISTANCE CHAPTER
CLASS I EQUIPMENT
Product that use basic insulation in combination with an additional safety level of using protective earth. Class I products
have a three-prong power cord.
CLASS II EQUIPMENT
Product that relies not only on basic insulation but an additional safety level of supplemental insulation or reinforced
insulation. Class II products typically have a two-prong power cord.
CURRENT
The movement of electronics through a conductor. Current is measured in amperes, milliamperes, microamperes,
nanoamperes or picoamperes. Symbol = I.
DC
Direct Current, DC: Current which flows in one direction only. The source of direct current is said to be polarized and
has one terminal which is always at a higher potential than the other.
DEVICE UNDER TEST (DUT)
The product being tested.
INSULATION RESISTANCE CHAPTER
DIELECTRIC
An insulating material which is positioned between two conductive materials in such a way that a charge or voltage may
appear across the two conductive materials.
HIGH LIMIT
The high limit is the upper value for a test to be considered a pass. If the measured value is higher than the high limit
the test is considered a fail. In dielectric withstand (hipot), leakage current and ground bond test modes a high limit is
required.
INSULATION
The protection against unwanted flow of current through a path, as between a circuit of a product and the ground
reference. Materials that prevent current flow are referred to as insulators or dielectrics.
LOW LIMIT
The lower value for a test to be considered a pass. If the measured value is lower than the low limit the test is considered
a fail. In insulation resistance mode a low limit is required.
PHASE
The time relationships between alternating voltages, currents, and impedances. Usually expressed as complex vectors
with “real” (in-phase) and “reactive” (out of phase) components.
RAMP
The gradual increase or decrease of voltage or current over a period of time (step).
VOLTAGE
Electrical pressure, the force which causes current through an electrical conductor. Symbol = V.
DMM CHAPTER
AC
Alternating current, AC: Current which reverses direction on a regular basis, commonly in the U.S.A 60 times per second,
in other countries 50 times per second.
CURRENT
The movement of electronics through a conductor. Current is measured in amperes, milliamperes, microamperes,
nanoamperes or picoamperes. Symbol = I.
DC
Direct Current, DC: Current which flows in one direction only. The source of direct current is said to be polarized and
has one terminal which is always at a higher potential than the other.
HIGH LIMIT
The high limit is the upper value for a test to be considered a pass. If the measured value is higher than the high limit
the test is considered a fail. In dielectric withstand (hipot), leakage current and ground bond test modes a high limit is
required.
DMM CHAPTER
LOW LIMIT
The lower value for a test to be considered a pass. If the measured value is lower than the low limit the test is considered
a fail. In insulation resistance mode a low limit is required.
RESISTANCE
That property of a substance which impedes current and results in the dissipation of power in the form of heat. The
practical unit is the ohm. Symbol = R.
VOLTAGE
Electrical pressure, the force which causes current through an electrical conductor. Symbol = V.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
2
3
4
CHAPTER I - INTRODUCTION
1. DELIVERY SCOPE LIST
2. LIMITED WARRANTY
3. GENERAL SAFETY
3.1 Test station
3.2 Operator
3.3 Instrument connections
3.4 Device under test
3.5 Inverter shutdown
3.6 External safety circuit
4. SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE
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CHAPTER II - PRODUCT OVERVIEW
1. PANEL INTRODUCTION
1.1 Front panel connections
1.2 Back panel connections
2. GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
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CHAPTER III - INSTALLATION
1. INSTALLATION
1.1 Work area
1.2 Power
1.3 Mounting into 19” module - Rack or case10
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CHAPTER IV - HIGH VOLTAGE
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1. GENERAL INFORMATION
11
2. HIGH VOLTAGE SPECIFICATIONS
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3. SAFETY
13
3.1 Floating output
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4. PERFORMING HIGH VOLTAGE TEST MANUALLY 14
4.1 Connecting to the DUT
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4.2 Shield connection
14
4.3 Mains supply and switching on Quanti
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4.4 Setting up an HV test
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4.5 Editing HV test settings
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4.6 HV test screen
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4.7 Test result screen
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CHAPTER V - INSULATION RESISTANCE
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1. GENERAL INFORMATION
18
2. INSULATION RESISTANCE SPECIFICATIONS
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3. SAFETY
20
4. PERFORMING INSULATION RESISTANCE TEST MANUALLY 21
4.1 Connecting to the DUT
21
4.2 Shield connection
21
4.3 Mains supply and switching on Quanti
22
4.4 Setting up an ISO test
22
4.5 Editing ISO test settings
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4.6 ISO test screen
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4.7 Test result screen
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CHAPTER VI - GROUND BOND
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
2. GROUND BOND SPECIFICATIONS
3. SAFETY
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25
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27
4. PERFORMING GROUND BOND TEST MANUALLY 28
4.1 Connecting to the DUT
28
4.2 Four wire measurement
28
4.3 Mains supply and switching on Quanti
28
4.4 Setting up a GB test
29
4.5 Editing GB test settings
29
4.6 GB test screen
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4.7 Test result screen
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CHAPTER VII - DMM
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
2. DMM SPECIFICATIONS
3. SAFETY
4. PERFORMING DMM TEST MANUALLY
4.1 Connecting to the DUT
4.2 Mains supply and switching on Quanti
4.3 Setting up a DMM test
4.4 Editing DMM test settings
4.4.1 Editing DMM voltage settings
4.4.2 Editing DMM current settings
4.4.3 Editing DMM resistance settings
4.4.4 Editing DMM frequency settings
4.5 DMM test screen
4.6 Test result screen
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CHAPTER VIII - SYSTEM SETUP
1. SYSTEM SETUP
1.1 Communications setup
1.2 System setup settings
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CHAPTER IX - PROGRAM MENU
1. PROGRAM MENU
1.1 Program step editor menu
1.2 Running tests in sequence
1.3 Test sequence results
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CHAPTER X - PLC REMOTE
1. GENERAL
2. START-UP
3. USING PLC REMOTE
3.1 Automation
3.2 Manual Use
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CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
1. CONNECTIONS
2. PROTOCOL
2.1 Command Frame
2.2 Error Codes
2.3 HV Test Commands
2.3.1 HV test control commands
2.3.2 HV test setting change commands
2.3.3 HV test setting queries
2.3.4 HV test result queries
2.4 ISO Test Commands
2.4.1 ISO test control commands
2.4.2 ISO test setting change commands
2.4.3 ISO test setting queries
2.4.4 ISO test result queries
2.5 GB Test Commands
2.5.1 GB test control commands
2.5.2 GB test setting change commands
2.5.3 GB test setting queries
2.5.4 GB test result queries
2.6 DMM Test Commands
2.6.1 DMM test control commands
2.6.2 Queries for asking current values of settings
2.6.3 Test control queries
2.6.4 Status values encoding - ASCII values!
3. EXAMPLES OF PC REMOTE COMMUNICATION
3.1 Setting HV to DC mode
3.2 Answer for sending wrong command
3.3 Example of running test with PC remote
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CHAPTER I - INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER I - INTRODUCTION
1. DELIVERY SCOPE LIST
Although Finero packages the equipment with utmost care you should check the package regarding any delivery damages.
If the equipment is damaged you should contact your insurance company directly and inform Finero as well about the
matter. Please include photos if possible.
The package should include in minimum following documents and materials:
• QUANTI DEVICE
• CALIBRATION CERTIFICATE
• POWER CORD
• TEST LEADS (please see the Test leads.pdf, can be found from the CD)
• CD WITH THIS USER MANUAL
2
CHAPTER I - INTRODUCTION
2. LIMITED WARRANTY
All of our products and test systems are covered by a standard 12-month limited warranty period. The warranty period
starts on the original shipment date of the product or test system. Our product and test system warranties guarantee that our
products will be free from defects in material and workmanship and we will repair or replace any such Finero product or
test system we find to be defective.
All new Finero products and test systems are calibrated prior to shipment. Finero products and test systems require annual
calibration, if Finero has not given any other written instruction, and Finero accepts only calibrations made by an approved
Finero partner or by Finero factory. If your product during the 12-month warranty period fails to perform as Finero has
specified please return the product to the below address or to one of our approved partners. Warranty work includes parts
and labor at Finero’s cost, but excludes shipping costs. Labor outside Finero facilities is charged extra.
Finero products returned for warranty repair and found to be in proper working order may be subject to a shipping and
handling fee.
Any non-authorized modification, repair, tampering or physical damage or if the product has been subject to gross misuse
will void this warranty. Elimination of any connections in the earth groun-ding system or bypassing any safety systems will
void this warranty. Parts subject to wear, such as test probes and leads, are not covered by this product warranty, except
where they are deemed to have a manufacturing defect within 60 days of the original shipment of the Finero product.
Except as provided herein, Finero makes no warranties to the purchaser of Finero products and test systems and all other
warranties, expressed or implied (including, without limitation, merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose) are
hereby excluded, disclaimed and waived.
FINERO SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL OR OTHER SIMILAR
DAMAGES SUFFERED BY THE PURCHASER OR ANY THIRD PARTY, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES
FOR LOSS OF PROFITS OR BUSINESS OR DAMAGES RESULTING FROM USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THE PRODUCT
OR TEST SYSTEM, WHETHER IN CONTRACT OR IN TORT, EVEN IF FINERO OR ITS AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE
HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, AND FINERO SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY EXPENSES, CLAIMS, OR SUITS ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO ANY OF THE FOREGOING.
Return address: Finero Oy, Service and Calibration, Haltonintie 5, 47400 Kausala, FINLAND
E-mail: fineroservice @ qacontrol.com
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CHAPTER I - INTRODUCTION
3. GENERAL SAFETY
Before testing can be started, the user should become familiar with this user manual and the operation of the device.
In order to prevent electric shock do not remove the instrument cover. There are no user serviceable parts inside. Routine
maintenance or cleaning of internal parts is not allowed and neither necessary. If equipment is opened warranty is void.
Any external cleaning should be done with a clean dry or slightly damp cloth. Avoid the use of cleaning agents or chemicals
to prevent any foreign liquid from entering the cabinet through ventilation holes or damaging controls and switches, also
some chemicals may damage plastic parts or lettering.
Schematics, when provided, are for reference only. Any replacement cables and high voltage components should be
acquired directly from Finero. Refer servicing to an authorized Finero service center.
Because any electrical safety test involves some risk of electrical shock, it is crucial that certain precautions are taken into
consideration to avoid shock and injury to operators. Listed below are some precautions that can minimize the danger of
electrical shocks and ensure all-around safety:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Train operators in the basic theory of electrical circuits and explain the object of each test.
Review and update all safety test procedures regularly.
Locate the testing area away from walkways and crowded areas on the shop floor.
Guard the testing area with nonconductive barrier.
Mark the testing area with a clear and visible sign such as “Danger” or “High Voltage Present.”
Mark the testing area with a clear sign indicating “Qualified Personnel Access Only.”
Ensure that all test equipment is properly connected to a reliable earth.
Connect the complete test setup to a palm-type switch that can shut off the power to the test bench in case of an
emergency
• Reconfigure all testers (where possible) with push-button switches so that operators must use both hands to activate
the test equipment or, alternatively, provide the equipment with a safety interlock that automatically shuts down the
high voltage when a safety switch on the EUT is opened
• If unsure please consult authorized personnel
3.1 Test station
Perform the tests on a non-conducting table or workbench, if possible. If you cannot avoid using a conductive surface, be
certain that it is connected to a good earth ground and the high voltage connection is insulated from the grounded surface.
There should not be any metal in the work area between the operator and the location where products being tested will be
positioned. Any other metal in the work area should be connected to a good ground, never left “floating”.
Position the tester so that the operator does not have to reach over the Device Under Test (DUT) to activate or adjust the
tester. If the product or component being tested is small, it may be possible to construct guards or an enclosure around the
device to be tested. Construct the guards of a nonconducting material such as clear acrylic, so that the item being tested is
within the guards or enclosure during the test. If possible, the guards or enclosure should also contain safety switches that
will not allow the tester to operate unless the guards are in place or the enclosure closed.
Keep the area clean and uncluttered. All test equipment and test leads that are not necessary for the test should be removed
from the test bench and put away. It should be apparent to both the operator and to any observers, which product is being
tested, which product is waiting to be tested, and which has already been tested.
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CHAPTER I - INTRODUCTION
3.2 Operator
This instrument may generate voltages and currents that can cause harmful or fatal electric shock and must only be operated by a skilled worker trained in its use.
The operator should understand the electrical fundamentals of voltage, current, and resistance. They should recognize that
the test instrument is a variable high-voltage power supply with the return circuit directly connected to earth ground, therefore, current from the high voltage output will flow through any available ground path.
Rules
Operators should be thoroughly trained to follow all of the aforementioned rules, in addition to any other applicable safety
rules and procedures. Defeating any safety system should be considered a serious offense with severe penalties such as
removal from the high voltage testing job.Allowing unauthorized personnel in the area during a test should also be dealt
with as a serious offense.
Dress
Operators should not wear jewelry that could accidentally complete an elector circuit.
Medical Restrictions
Personnel with heart ailments or devices such as pacemakers should be informed that the voltages and currents generated
by the instrument are very dangerous. If contacted it may cause heart-related problems that a person of good health may
not experience. Please have the test operator consult their physician for recommendations
3.3 Instrument connections
Instrument connections for each test vary, depending on Quanti model that has been ordered. The instrument connections
for each function can be seen on their own chapters.
3.4 Device under test
When testing with DC, always discharge the capacitance of the Device Under Test (DUT) and anything the high voltage
may have contacted, such as test fixtures, before handling it or disconnecting the test leads.
Never touch the Device Under Test (DUT) or anything connected to it if high voltage is applied.
3.5 Inverter shutdown
In case of inverter shutdown, turn off the power and unplug the power cord.
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CHAPTER I - INTRODUCTION
3.6 External safety circuit
Quanti provides an external safety circuit; which prevents connection of the test voltage, when external safety circuits are
open. The safety circuit connector is a part of the external D25 connector. When the safety circuit is open and user tries to
start test, test won’t start and Quanti will give an indication on the screen.
Quanti’s internal safety circuit is not an approved safety relay system!
The safety circuit of Quanti is designed for indication that for instance doors and test covers are closed or respectively open.
The safety device shall have potential free contact “open” when activated. The safety circuit can be wired by signal cable;
the voltage is about 25 V. Before taking the safety circuit into use a jumper J1 (Safety) has to be removed. Location of the
jumper J1 is in the connection board inside Quanti, near the back edge. The jumper is removed by lifting it and can be
stored by pressing it to one of the pins. Cables to external control lines are recommend to be kept short or use relays near
Quanti.
Time diagram
D25 Connector
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CHAPTER I - INTRODUCTION
4. SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE
The instrument, its power cord, test leads, and accessories must be returned at least once a year to an authorized Finero
service center for calibration and inspection of safety related components. Finero will not be held liable for injuries suffered
if the instrument is not properly maintained and safety checked annually.
Service and maintenance address:
Finero Oy
Service and Calibration
Haltonintie 5
47400 Kausala
FINLAND
Tel. +358 (0) 5 752 2200
[email protected]
RETURNING THE INSTRUMENT
When it is necessary to return the instrument for servicing or calibration, repackage the instrument in its original container,
please include all accessories and test leads. Indicate the nature of the problem or type of service needed. Also, please mark
the container “FRAGILE” to insure proper handling. Finero will not pay for the delivery costs.
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CHAPTER II - PRODUCT OVERVIEW
CHAPTER II - PRODUCT OVERVIEW
1. PANEL INTRODUCTION
1.1 Front panel connections
Example picture, varies by ordered model
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1. = USB SLOT - USB slot available in the front panel for storing and transferring test results without a connection to a PC
2. = DISPLAY - 4.3” Graphical display with 16 million colors
3. = SOFT BUTTONS - For easy navigation through different display menus.
4. = FLY WHEEL KNOB - For choosing different tests, measurement ranges and setting up parameters.
5. = START / STOP BUTTONS
6. = TEST STATUS LIGHTS
7. = QUANTI MODEL - Indicates the type of your Quanti device.
8. = POWER SWITCH
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CHAPTER II - PRODUCT OVERVIEW
1.2 Back panel connections
Example picture, varies by ordered model
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1. = PLC REMOTE CONNECTOR - Limited external control of Quanti device with PLC
2. = POWER CORD RECEPTACLE
3. = COOLING FAN
4. = CHASSIS GROUND TERMINAL
5. = FUSE FOR DMM
6. = FUSE FOR DMM
7. = DMM OUTPUT CONNECTORS
8. = GROUND BOND OUTPUT CONNECTORS
9. = HIGH VOLTAGE AND INSULATION RESISTANCE OUTPUT CONNECTORS
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CHAPTER II - PRODUCT OVERVIEW
2. GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
POWER REQUIREMENTS
Rated input voltage: 110 - 240 VAC, 50 / 60 Hz
Input voltage range: 100 - 250 VAC, 45 - 65 Hz
MECHANICAL
Table with tilt up feet (optional 19” rack)
WEIGHT
Depending on the model, approximately 15 - 25kg
CERTIFICATION
EN61010, EN60950 and EN61558 Safety, EN55024 and EN61000 EMC, CE, ETL (coming)
WARRANTY
12 months limited, extended warranty available on request
USB SLOT
1 USB, Type A connection in the front panel for the memory stick
PROTECTION FUNCTIONS
Fast output cut-off after fail
Panel operation lock, present password (four digits)
Arc detection (please see the details on page 19)
PASS / FAIL JUDGEMENT FUNCTION
Visual and audible indication
MEMORY
25 steps per sequence
Test database: 20 Test sequences, single step possibility
Data hold: Last 100 test results saved
DISPLAY
TFT-LCD 4.3” (480 x 272) with back light, 16 million colours
OTHER FEATURES
Calibration notification: The device notifies when the next calibration has to be done
Simple to download test data to USB stick
ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICATIONS
Indoor use
Altitude: Up to 2000m
Operating temperature: +5°C to +50°C
Storage temperature: -40°C to +60°C
Maximum relative humidity: 80% for temperature up to 31°C, decreasing linearly to 50% relative humidity at +40°C; no condensation
allowed
Pollution degree is 1
DIMENSIONS
Quanti equipment is supplied in a bench configuration and there are tilt up feet under the device. The feet can be tilted
up for convenient operator viewing.
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CHAPTER III - INSTALLATION
CHAPTER III - INSTALLATION
1. INSTALLATION
The optimum angle for viewieng the display is slightly down and about 10 degrees either side of the center. For bench
operation the tilt up feet should always be used to angle the instrument up.
Quanti can be installed on a standard 19” wide rack or housing. Installation height is 3U (133mm). Depth is approx.
410mm; furthermore, approximately 150mm will be needed depending on the connectors. The handles on the housing
come approximately 30mm out of the front panel. On dry and dust-free premises the device can be used in its own housing,
but care must be taken to ensure that nothing can enter into the device through the ventilation openings, which must not
be covered. Rack option is ordered optionally.
1.1 Work area
Locate a suitable testing area and be sure you have read all safety instructions for the operation of the instrument and
suggestions on the test area set-up in the Safety section (please see page 3, Test station).
1.2 Power
This instrument requires a power source of 110 to 240 VAC, 50 / 60Hz.
1.3 Mounting into 19” module - Rack or case
As the unit is heavy, when installing in an instrument cabinet or similar, rack installation set (can be ordered separately,
ordering code is 6183) must be used.
Rack installation set, code 6183
Mounting holes in the front panel are for mounting only; they are not designed to carry the whole weight of the apparatus.
Before installing in a cabinet, remove the footpads that are installed underneath. The footpads are removed by turning the
unit carefully on either side. The relevant screws are under the skid-stop rubber pads. Ensure that the instrument cabinet is
well ventilated so that the internal temperature will not rise above +35°C.
Below are some example pictures of how to build the support for rack installation (not supplied by Finero).
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CHAPTER IV - HIGH VOLTAGE
CHAPTER IV - HIGH VOLTAGE
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
High Voltage test (HV), (or also called a Dielectric Withstand test or Hipot test) verifies that the insulation of a product or
component is sufficient to protect the operator from electrical shock. High Voltage test is done to make sure that current
will flow from one point to another point. In a typical High Voltage test high voltage is applied between a product’s current
carrying conductors and its metallic chassis.
High Voltage test is used to make sure that a device has good isolation between the parts of a circuit. Having good isolation
helps to guarantee the safety and quality of electrical circuits.
There are three common high voltage tests:
• Dielectric breakdown test
• Dielectric withstand test
• Insulation resistance test
Dielectric breakdown test informs how much voltage can be applied between the wires before the insulation fails. Voltage
is being increased until the current increases. As a result the highest voltage the Device Under Test (DUT) can stand is found
before the device fails.
Dielectric withstand test makes sure that the device tested withstands a required voltage for a required time. Voltage is
applied for the amount of time to make sure that no current flows.
Insulation resistance testing tells whether the resistance of the insulation is high enough. For more information about the
insulation resistance test, please see the page 18.
During a High Voltage test the operator may be at some risk.
When performing a High Voltage test, High Voltage testers usually connect one side of the supply to safety ground (Earth
ground). The other side of the supply is connected to the conductor being high voltaged. With the supply connected like
this there are two places a given conductor can be connected: high voltage or ground.
For Class I equipment, the high voltage is applied between the conductors and a ground. For Class II equipment, the
application point is between the conductors and the outer surface of the product.
If there are more than two contact to be high voltage tested one contact is connected to high voltage and all others to
ground. Testing a contact in this way makes sure that it is isolated from other contacts.
High Voltage test is ideal for detecting workmanship errors, design problems as well as component spacing problems. The
area High Voltage tests are typically used include:
•
•
•
•
Production line
Research and Development Labs
Incoming Inspection Areas
Repair Areas
12
CHAPTER IV - HIGH VOLTAGE
2. HIGH VOLTAGE SPECIFICATIONS
HIGH VOLTAGE FUNCTION SPECIFICATIONS
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
0.05V - 6kV AC/DC, Fully floating
OUTPUT REGULATION
Max ± (2% of output + 5V) from no load to full load over input
voltage range
VOLTAGE SETTING
Range: AC: 0.05 - 6000V, DC: 0.05 - 6000V
Resolution: 5V
Accuracy: ± (1% of reading + 5V)
VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT
Range: 0.05 - 6000V
Resolution: 1V
Accuracy: ± (1% of reading + 5V)
MAXIMUM OUTPUT CURRENT
100mA AC/DC
MAX TEST APPARENT POWER
600VA
MEASUREMENTS
AC Total, AC Real, DC
CURRENT MEASUREMENT RESOLUTION
1mA : 0.1µA AC/DC
10mA: 1µA AC/DC
40mA / 100mA: 10µA AC/DC
CURRENT ACCURACY
AC Total: ± (0.5% of range + 5 counts)
AC Real: ± (1% of range + 5 counts)
DC: ± (0.5% of range, + 5 counts)
OUTPUT FREQUENCY
50 or 60 Hz, User selectable
TEST TIME
AC: 0; 0.3 - 999.9sec (0 = continuous)
DC: 0; 0.3 - 999.9sec (0 = continuous)
RAMP TIME
AC: 0.1 - 99.9sec; No Ramp
DC: 0.1 - 99.9sec; No Ramp, τ << Ramp time
OUTPUT WAVEFORM
True Sine wave, THD < 1 %
HI AND LO LIMIT
AC TOTAL
AC REAL
DC
Range: 100mA
Resolution: 10μA
Range: 10mA
Resolution: 1μA
Range:100mA
Resolution: 10μA
Range: 10ma
Resolution: 1μA
Range: 10mA
Resolution: 1μA
Range: 1mA
Resolution: 0.1μA
Lo Limit: 0 = OFF
MEASUREMENT CIRCUIT DISCHARGE TIME
< 0.2sec, see max. capacitive loads
MAXIMUM CAPACITIVE LOAD IN DC MODE
0.03µF ≤ 6kV
0.5µF ≤ 3kV
1µF
≤ 1kV
MEASUREMENT SAFETY
Fully floating output1
ARC DETECTION
Setting mode: Programmable setting
Minimum pulse width: < 5µ sec or > 5 - 100µ sec
Detection current: Programmable 1 - 20mA
1) Except with some combination with other functions
13
CHAPTER IV - HIGH VOLTAGE
3. SAFETY
Before testing can be started, the user should become sufficiently familiar with the instructions of use and the operation
of the tester. In addition, read carefully the emergency first aid instructions and the testing procedure. Only a qualified
personnel who recognize shock hazards and are familiar with the safety precautions required to avoid possible injury are
intended to use Quanti.
Do not use this product in any manner not specified by the manufacturer. The protective features of this product may be
impaired if it is used in a manner not specified in the manual.
The high voltage connectors in the rear panel have a dangerous high voltage during the test.
The current supplied by Quanti is high enough to cause convulsion and potentially to get trapped to the parts under High
Voltage. Quanti measures the current in the circuit and shall switch the voltage off if the current exceeds the set current
limit, THIS FEATURE CANNOT BE USED AS A SAFETY MEASURE!
NEVER TOUCH THE HIGH VOLTAGE CONNECTORS OR THE TEST LEADS IF QUANTI IS SWITCHED ON!
3.1 Floating output
A floating electrical circuit is created by separating grounds; one for the operator, one for the equipment. This method
creates and intrinsically safe operator environment.
Quanti HV-output
14
CHAPTER IV - HIGH VOLTAGE
4. PERFORMING HIGH VOLTAGE TEST MANUALLY
Manual operation refers to use of the unit by operating it through the control panel and buttons located in its front panel.
When operating the unit, bear in mind that during testing the high voltage connectors are live with dangerous voltage.
This instruction applies to operating the unit manually by means of buttons, fly wheel knob and display located in the
front panel.
4.1 Connecting to the DUT
There are three high voltage sockets in back panel. High voltage outputs are two connectors in rear side. The connections
to the DUT are made according to the below figure:
4.2 Shield connection
“Shield” –connection can be used for protection against electrical noise. Connected shield (assuming that shielded cable is
used) reduces measurement errors, which can be caused by cables, line noise or some other leakage currents. If you suspect
measurement errors, use shielded cable and connect shield to the respective place in the unit. The shield of the LOWER
connector must be connected to the SHIELD- connector at the back panel. Cables and connectors must be specified to high
voltage use.
Please see the next picture for connection recommendations.
15
CHAPTER IV - HIGH VOLTAGE
4.3 Mains supply and switching on Quanti
Connect the Quanti device to the mains supply in the following order:
•
•
•
•
•
Check that the position of the front panel POWER switch is 0
Connect the test cables to the Quanti
Plug the mains cord to the Quanti
Plug the mains cord to a mains outlet
Switch ON the Quanti
Extensive help windows, which provide the user additional information about the particular function, can be seen when
“SHOW HELP” button is pressed.
4.4 Setting up an HV test
After pressing the power button Finero’s logo will be
displayed.
SELF TEST
After initialization the SELF TEST is shown. It contains
configuration information and results of the diagnostics.
Pressing the “CONTINUE” button takes you further. If
the SELF TEST gives several errors, please contact Finero’s
service.
MAIN MENU
Quanti is capable of performing the High Voltage (HV) test
as single-step test or as a part of test program. The Paragraphs
4.5 - 4.7 describe how the single-step test is done. Refer to
chapter IX, page 41 for conducting a test program.
On the MAIN MENU screen, press the “MEASURE” button.
The SELECTED STEP SETTINGS screen will now appear.
4.5 Editing HV test settings
SELECTED TEST SETTINGS
On the SELECTED TEST SETTINGS screen, turn the fly
wheel knob to highlight the High Voltage (HV) test to be
conducted. After highlighting, press the fly wheel knob to
edit the test settings.
Settings are edited by first highlighting the desired setting by
turning the fly wheel knob and then pressing the fly wheel
knob.
16
CHAPTER IV - HIGH VOLTAGE
The table below explains how the different HV test settings can be edited.
SETTING
MEANING
AC/DC
Here you can select AC or DC test output. NOTE: The range and limits might change.
Voltage
Selects voltage to be used in the test. Range: 50 - 1000V AC/DC. Resolution: 5V.
Ramp Up
This setting modifies the voltage rise time from 0 to user-defined test voltage. If rise time is set to 0 the user-defined test
voltage level is set directly. Range: 0 - 99.9sec. Resolution: 0.1sec.
Ramp Down
This setting modifies the voltage lowering time from user defined test voltage to 0. If lowering time is set to 0 the voltage
level is set directly. Range: 0 - 99.9sec. Resolution: 0.1sec.
Timer
Selects if user set test time is used or if user input is needed to stop testing.
Test Time
Actual measurement time. The time the selected voltage level will be kept on object being tested. Range: 0.3 - 99.9sec.
Resolution: 0.1sec.
Range
Selects measurement range for test. Options depend on AC / DC selection. DC: 1mA or 10mA, AC: 10mA or 40/100mA
(depending on the device configuration).
Limit Type
Selects limits to apply to real or total current values.
High Limit
If the actual measurement result goes beyond the limit, Quanti will give a message FAIL. Range: 0 - Range Max.
Resolution: When range is 1mA = 0.0001mA, otherwise = 0.001mA.
Low Limit
If the actual measurement result goes beyond the limit, Quanti will give a message FAIL. If limit is set to 0, limit will not
be used. If Low Limit is set higher than High Limit, Quanti will give a warning message. Range: 0 - Range Max. Resolution: When range is 1mA = 0.0001mA, otherwise = 0.001mA.
ARC Detection*
Selects if Arc detection is used for pass/fail parameter.
ARC Amplitude
Amplitude level for Arc detection. Range: 1 - 20mA, Resolution: 1mA.
ARC Width
Arc Width for Arc Detection. If set to 0 will detect <5 µs arcs. Range: 5 - 100 msec. Resolution: 1msec.
Connectivity **
Selects whether Connectivity test is used or not. Please see the explanation below.
Connectivity limit
Sets minimum current that has to be reached to ensure connectivity. Range: 1 - 999µA. Resolution: 1µA
Connectivity AC
voltage
Sets AC voltage to be used for connectivity test. Please note this is only used for DC test with Ramp Up set to 0s. Range:
50 - 1000VAC. Resolution: 5V.
*Arc detection - Arc is electrical spark occurred by voltage or current quickly changing. There should be no “sparking” in
a High Voltage test. Arc detection can help you to solve product quality issues.
** Connectivity
IF AC 50 or 60 voltage is selected:
Connectivity test limit - If REAL CURRENT > CONNECTIVITY LIMIT, connection is OK.
If connectivity test is chosen, the comparison takes place when test voltage is reached.
IF DC voltage is selected AND RAMP UP is set to 0:
If connectivity test is chosen with these settings, short AC voltage test is conducted before DC high voltage test.
Connectivity AC voltage will be used for this test. If REAL CURRENT > CONNECTIVITY LIMIT, connection is OK.
IF DC voltage is selected AND RAMP UP is set to > 0: AC current generated while rising DC test voltage will generate
AC current. This test checks if real component of this current stays above connectivity limit for at least 0.1T of the ramp
up time. Please NOTE: Connectivity AC voltage setting is not used for this test.
NOTICE! FALSE USE OF THIS TEST CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO DUT (Device Under Test).
START THE TEST BY PRESSING THE START BUTTON IN THE FRONT PANEL.
17
CHAPTER IV - HIGH VOLTAGE
4.6 HV test screen
HV TEST SCREEN
After the test has started, the HV test screen is shown on the
display during the test time.
The test can be aborted by pressing the “ABORT” button.
4.7 Test result screen
After the test is done, the test result appears on the screen. The test result is either PASSED or FAILED:
PASSED SCREEN
When DUT passed the test and the test process is completed,
the green led will light on the front panel and the display
will show the results of the test as seen on the left.
FAILED SCREEN
When DUT fails the test and the test process is completed,
an alarm will sound (if alarm sound setting is ON) together
with the red led lighting on the front panel and the display
will show the cause of the failure of the test as seen on the
left.
By pressing the fly wheel knob the while on the PASSED / FAILED screen, takes you back to the SELECTED TEST SETTINGS
VIEW.
18
CHAPTER V - INSULATION RESISTANCE
CHAPTER V - INSULATION RESISTANCE
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
The objective of the Insulation Resistance (ISO) test is to measure the total resistance between any two points separated by
insulation. The test, therefore, determines how effective the insulation is in resisting the flow of electrical current.
Insulation resistance test consists in measuring the insulation resistance of a Device Under Test (DUT), while phase and
neutral are short circuited together. The measured resistance has to be higher than the indicated limit from the international
standards.
The insulation resistance test can be applied to both Class I and Class II equipment. It is carried out with the use of probes
or insulated clips, without the equipment being connected to a power supply. Test voltages vary between standards; the
most common application called for is 500 V. The voltage is applied for 2 to 3 seconds. In general, Class I equipment must
display a resistance greater than 2 MΩ to pass the test. Resistance greater than 7 MΩ is required for Class II equipment.
During insulation resistance test DC voltage is applied across a dielectric, measuring the amoung of current flowing
through that dielectric, and then calculating a resistance measurement. The resistance measurement is in megohms.
Insulation resistance can be used as:
•
•
•
•
A quality control measure at the time a piece of electrical equipment is produced
An installation requirement to help ensure specifications are met and to verify proper hookup
A periodic preventive maintenance task
A troubleshooting tool
19
CHAPTER V - INSULATION RESISTANCE
2. INSULATION RESISTANCE SPECIFICATIONS
INSULATION RESISTANCE FUNCTION SPECIFICATIONS
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
Range: 50 - 1000V DC
Resolution: 1V
Accuracy: ± 0.5% of range
RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT
Range: 0.5MΩ - 50 000MΩ (5 digit, Auto range)
Resolution:
MΩ
MΩ
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
0.500 - 9.999
1.00 - 99.99
10.0 - 999.9
100 - 50 000
Accuracy: ± 5% to ± 15% depending upon the voltage and the selected range
50 - 499V DC:
0.5MΩ - 999.9MΩ, ± (5% of reading +2 counts)
1000MΩ - 9999MΩ, ± (8% of reading +2 counts)
10000MΩ - 50000MΩ, ± (17% of reading +2 counts)
500 - 1000V DC:
0.5MΩ - 999.9MΩ, ± (3% of reading +2 counts)
1000MΩ - 9999MΩ, ± (6% of reading +2 counts)
10000MΩ - 50000MΩ, ± (15% of reading +2 counts)
RAMP TIME
Ramp up: 0.1 - 99.9sec; No Ramp
Ramp down: 0.1 - 99.9sec; No Ramp
TEST TIME
0; 0.3 - 999.9sec (0 = continuous)
HI AND LO LIMIT (MΩ)
Range: 0.500 - 0.999
Resolution: 0.001
Hi Limit: 0 = OFF
Range: 1.00 - 9.99
Resolution: 0.01
Range: 10.0 - 99.9
Resolution: 0.1
Range: 100 - 50 000
Resolution: 1
20
CHAPTER V - INSULATION RESISTANCE
3. SAFETY
Before testing can be started, the user should become sufficiently familiar with the instructions of use and the operation
of the tester. In addition, read carefully the emergency first aid instructions and the testing procedure. Only a qualified
personnel who recognize shock hazards and are familiar with the safety precautions required to avoid possible injury are
intended to use Quanti.
Do not use this product in any manner not specified by the manufacturer. The protective features of this product may be
impaired if it is used in a manner not specified in the manual.
The high voltage connectors in the rear panel have a dangerous high voltage during the test.
The current supplied by Quanti is high enough to cause convulsion and potentially to get trapped to the parts under High
Voltage. Quanti measures the current in the circuit and shall switch the voltage off if the current exceeds the set current
limit, THIS FEATURE CANNOT BE USED AS A SAFETY MEASURE!
NEVER TOUCH THE HIGH VOLTAGE CONNECTORS OR THE TEST LEADS IF QUANTI IS SWITCHED ON!
21
CHAPTER V - INSULATION RESISTANCE
4. PERFORMING INSULATION RESISTANCE TEST MANUALLY
Manual operation refers to use of the unit by operating it through the control panel and buttons located in its front panel.
When operating the unit, bear in mind that during testing the high-voltage connectors are live with dangerous voltage.
This instruction applies to operating the unit manually by means of buttons and display located in the front panel.
4.1 Connecting to the DUT
There are three high voltage sockets in back panel. High voltage outputs are two connectors in rear side. The connections
to the DUT are made according to the below figure:
4.2 Shield connection
“Shield” –connection can be used for protection against electrical noise. Connected shield (assuming that shielded cable is
used) reduces measurement errors, which can be caused by cables, line noise or some other leakage currents. If you suspect
measurement errors, use shielded cable and connect shield to the respective place in the unit. The shield of the LOWER
connector must be connected to the SHIELD- connector at the back panel. Cables and connectors must be specified to high
voltage use.
Please see the next picture for connection recommendations.
22
CHAPTER V - INSULATION RESISTANCE
4.3 Mains supply and switching on Quanti
Connect the Quanti device to the mains supply in the following order:
•
•
•
•
•
Check that the position of the front panel POWER switch is 0
Connect the test cables to the Quanti
Plug the mains cord to the Quanti
Plug the mains cord to a mains outlet
Switch ON the Quanti
Extensive help windows, which provide the user additional information about the particular function, can be seen when
“SHOW HELP” button is pressed.
4.4 Setting up an ISO test
After pressing the power button Finero’s logo will be
displayed.
SELF TEST
After initialization the SELF TEST is shown. It contains
configuration information and results of the diagnostics.
Pressing the “CONTINUE” button takes you further. If
the SELF TEST gives several errors, please contact Finero’s
service.
MAIN MENU
Quanti is capable of performing the Insulation resistance
(ISO) test as single-step test or as a part of test program.
The Paragraphs 4.5 - 4.7 describe how the single-step test
is done. Refer to chapter IX, page 41 for conducting a test
program.
On the MAIN MENU screen, press the “MEASURE” button.
The SELECTED STEP SETTINGS screen will now appear.
23
CHAPTER V - INSULATION RESISTANCE
4.5 Editing ISO test settings
SELECTED TEST SETTINGS
On the SELECTED TEST SETTINGS screen, turn the fly wheel
knob to highlight the Insulation Resistance (ISO) test to be
conducted. After highlighting, press the fly wheel knob to
edit the test settings.
Settings are edited by first highlighting the desired setting by
turning the fly wheel knob and then pressing the fly wheel
knob.
The table below explains how the different ISO test settings can be edited.
SETTING
MEANING
Voltage
Sets the test voltage from 50VDC to 1000VDC. Range: 50 - 1000VDC. Resolution 5VDC.
Ramp Up
This setting modifies the voltage rise time from 0 to user-defined test voltage. If rise time is set to 0 the
user-defined test voltage level is set directly. Range: 0 - 99.9sec. Resolution: 0.1sec.
Ramp Down
This setting modifies the voltage lowering time from user-defined test voltage to 0. If lowering time is set to 0
the voltage level is set directly. Range: 0 - 99.9sec. Resolution: 0.1sec.
High Limit
If the actual measurement result goes beyond the limit Quanti will give a message FAIL. If limit is set to 0, this
limit will not be used. Range: 0.5 - 50000MΩ. Resolution: 0.001MΩ.
Low Limit
If the actual measurement result goes beyond the limit, Quanti will give a message FAIL. Range: 0.5 - 50000MΩ.
Resolution: 0.001MΩ.
Timer
Selects if user set test time is used or if user input is needed to stop testing.
Test Time
Actual measurement time. The time the selected voltage level will be kept on object being tested. Range: 0.3 99.9sec. Resolution: 0.1sec.
Connectivity*
Selects whether Connectivity test is used or not. Please see the explanation below.
Connectivity limit
Sets minimum current that has to be reached to ensure connectivity.
Connectivity AC voltage
Sets AC voltage to be used for connectivity test. Please note this is only used for DC test with Ramp Up set to
0s. Range: 50 - 1000VAC. Resolution: 5V.
* Connectivity
IF RAMP UP is set to 0:
If connectivity test is chosen with these settings, short AC voltage test is conducted before DC high voltage test.
Connectivity AC voltage will be used for this test. If REAL CURRENT > CONNECTIVITY LIMIT, connection is OK.
IF RAMP UP is set to > 0:
AC current generated while rising DC test voltage will generate AC current. This test checks if real component of this
current stays above connectivity limit for at least 0.1T of the ramp up time. Please NOTE: Connectivity AC voltage
setting is not used for this test.
NOTICE! FALSE USE OF THIS TEST CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO DUT (Device Under Test).
START THE TEST BY PRESSING THE START BUTTON IN THE FRONT PANEL.
24
CHAPTER V - INSULATION RESISTANCE
4.6 ISO test screen
ISO TEST SCREEN
After the test has started, the ISO test screen is shown on the
display during the test time.
The test can be aborted by pressing the “ABORT” button.
4.7 Test result screen
After the test is done, the test result appears on the screen. The test result is either PASSED or FAILED:
PASSED SCREEN
When DUT passed the test and the test process is completed,
the green led will light on the front panel and the display
will show the results of the test as seen on the left.
FAILED SCREEN
When DUT fails the test and the test process is completed,
an alarm will sound (if alarm sound setting is ON) together
with the red led lighting on the front panel and the display
will show the cause of the failure of the test as seen on the
left.
By pressing the fly wheel knob the while on the PASSED / FAILED screen, takes you back to the SELECTED TEST SETTINGS
VIEW.
25
CHAPTER VI - GROUND BOND
CHAPTER VI - GROUND BOND
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
Ground bond (GB) test (also referred to as PE resistance test, ground continuity test) determines whether the safety ground
circuit of the Device Under Test (DUT) can adequately handle fault current if the product should ever become defective.
The Low Voltage Directive (CE Mark) and product approval agencies stipulate that this test must be performed on 100% of
all Class I earthed, grounded, or metal clad products produced during manufacture as part of the criteria for routine testing.
Compliance is checked by measuring the resistance of the connection between the protective earthing terminal or earthing
contact and the parts to be earthed to ensure that resistance does not exceed certain values when subjected to a high current
as specified in various product safety standards. It is important to bear in mind that from the constructional and design
points of view, the protective earthing conductors should not contain switches or fuses.
Most safety standards require the following parameters for conducting the ground bond test:
• The DUT must be subjected to a high AC or DC current with a low test voltage for a certain period.
• The voltage drop between the protective earthing terminal or earthing contact and the part to be earthed must be
measured.
• The resistance must be calculated from the current and the resulting voltage drop using Ohm’s law.
The test ensures that the earth or ground conductor can carry sufficient current to enable the supply protective fuse in the
plug top, or circuit breaker, to blow before the case rises to a hazardous voltage.
Ground bond test detects problems such as insufficient ground wire diameter, open ground circuit and loose ground screw.
A failure indicates loose or poor earthing/ground connections within the Device Under Test (DUT).
26
CHAPTER VI - GROUND BOND
2. GROUND BOND SPECIFICATIONS
GROUND BOND FUNCTION SPECIFICATIONS
OUTPUT CURRENT
Range:
3.00 - 30.00A AC
Resolution: 0.01A
Accuracy: ± 1% (of setting + 0.15A)
OUTPUT FREQUENCY
50 / 60Hz, User selectable
RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT
Range: 0.5mΩ - 500.0mΩ
Resolution: 0.1mΩ
Accuracy: 0.5% of range
TEST METHOD
4 wire measurement
TEST TIME
0; 0.3 - 999.9sec (0 = continuous)
HI AND LO LIMIT
Range: 0.5mΩ - 500.0mΩ
Resolution: 0.1mΩ
MAXIMUM LOADING
20A 500mΩ
25A 380mΩ
30A 300mΩ
CURRENT DISPLAY
Range:
3.00A - 30.00A
Resolution: 0.01A
Accuracy: ± (1% of reading + 0.15A)
WAVEFORM
True Sine wave
27
CHAPTER VI - GROUND BOND
3. SAFETY
Before testing can be started, the user should become sufficiently familiar with the instructions of use and the operation
of the tester. In addition, read carefully the emergency first aid instructions and the testing procedure. Only a qualified
personnel who recognize shock hazards and are familiar with the safety precautions required to avoid possible injury are
intended to use Quanti.
Do not use this product in any manner not specified by the manufacturer. The protective features of this product may be
impaired if it is used in a manner not specified in the manual.
The rear panel test connectors have low voltage during the test but due to high current there may occur some sparking
in the test connectors. Also take care of heating of the test leads caused by high currents. Therefore use sufficient cable
crosssection size for test leads.
The current supplied by Quanti is high enough to cause convulsion and potentially to get trapped to the parts under high
voltage. Quanti measures the current in the circuit and shall switch the voltage off if the current exceeds the set current
limit, THIS FEATURE CANNOT BE USED AS A SAFETY MEASURE!
NEVER TOUCH THE HIGH VOLTAGE CONNECTORS OR TEST LEADS IF QUANTI IS SWITCHED ON!
28
CHAPTER VI - GROUND BOND
4. PERFORMING GROUND BOND TEST MANUALLY
Manual operation refers to use of the unit by operating it through the control panel and buttons located in its front panel.
When operating the unit, bear in mind that during testing the high-voltage connectors are live with dangerous voltage.
This instruction applies to operating the unit manually by means of buttons and display located in the front panel.
4.1 Connecting to the DUT
There are 4pcs of 4mm sockets in the back panel. The connections to the DUT are made according to the below figure:
It is possible to use only 2 wires by compromising on measurement accuracy. Finero however recommends using only
4-wire measurement method.
4.2 Four wire measurement
4 wire measurement ensures accurate and repeatable measurements. When measuring low values resistances, an important
error source can be found in the contact resistance. In many applications, the contact resistance value can go beyond the
value which has to be measured. To cancel this error source a 4 wire measurement is used.
For instance during the day the factory ambient temperature can change, which would mean wrong resistance values with
2 wire measurements if the error is not manually and constantly offset.
4.3 Mains supply and switching on Quanti
Connect the Quanti device to the mains supply in the following order:
•
•
•
•
•
Check that the position of the front panel POWER switch is 0
Connect the test cables to the Quanti
Plug the mains cord to the Quanti
Plug the mains cord to a mains outlet
Switch ON the Quanti
29
CHAPTER VI - GROUND BOND
Extensive help windows, which provide the user additional information about the particular function, can be seen when
“SHOW HELP” button is pressed.
4.4 Setting up a GB test
After pressing the power button Finero’s logo will be
displayed.
SELF TEST
After initialization the SELF TEST is shown. It contains
configuration information and results of the diagnostics.
Pressing the “CONTINUE” button takes you further. If
the SELF TEST gives several errors, please contact Finero’s
service.
MAIN MENU
Quanti is capable of performing the Ground bond test as
single-step test or as a part of test program. The Paragraphs
4.5 - 4.7 describe how the single-step test is done. Refer to
chapter IX, page 41 for conducting a test program.
On the MAIN MENU screen, press the “MEASURE” button.
The SELECTED STEP SETTINGS screen will now appear.
4.5 Editing GB test settings
SELECTED TEST SETTINGS
On the SELECTED TEST SETTINGS screen, turn the fly
wheel knob to highlight the Ground Bond (GB) test to be
conducted. After highlighting, press the fly wheel knob to
edit the test settings.
Settings are edited by first highlighting the desired setting by
turning the fly wheel knob and then pressing the fly wheel
knob.
Pressing the “SHOW HELP” button shows help for steps or
selected setting.
30
CHAPTER VI - GROUND BOND
The table below explains how the different GB test settings can be edited.
SETTING
MEANING
Current
Sets the measurement AC current. Range: 3 - 30A. Resolution: 0.01A.
Frequency
Selects AC50 or AC60 voltage frequency to be used in the test.
High Limit
If the actual measurement result goes beyond the limit, Quanti will give a message FAIL. Range: 0.5 500mΩ. Resolution: 0.01mΩ.
Low Limit
If the actual measurement result goes beyond the limit, Quanti will give a message FAIL. If limit is set to
0, this limit will not be used. Range: 0.5 - 500mΩ. Resolution: 0.01mΩ.
Timer
Selects if user set test time is used or if user input is needed to stop testing.
Test time
Selects time to apply voltage to object being tested. Range: 0.3 - 99.9sec. Resolution: 0.1sec.
START THE TEST BY PRESSING THE START BUTTON IN THE FRONT PANEL.
4.6 GB test screen
GB TEST SCREEN
After the test has started, the GB test screen is shown on the
display for the test time.
The test can be aborted by pressing the “ABORT” button.
4.7 Test result screen
After the test is done, the test result appears on the screen. The test result is either PASSED or FAILED:
PASSED SCREEN
When DUT passed the test and the test process is completed,
the green led will light on the front panel and the display
will show the results of the test as seen on the left.
FAILED SCREEN
When DUT fails the test and the test process is completed,
an alarm will sound (if alarm sound setting is ON) together
with the red led lighting on the front panel and the display
will show the cause of the failure of the test as seen on the
left.
By pressing the fly wheel knob the while on the PASSED / FAILED screen, takes you back to the SELECTED TEST SETTINGS
VIEW.
31
CHAPTER VII - DMM
CHAPTER VII - DMM
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
DMM (Digital multimeter) usually combines several measurement functions in one unit. A typical multimeter may include
features such as the ability to measure voltage, current and resistance. In a digital multimeter the signal under test is
converted to a voltage and an amplifier with electronically controlled gain preconditions the signal. A digital multimeter
displays the quantity measured as a number.
32
CHAPTER VII - DMM
2. DMM SPECIFICATIONS
DMM FUNCTION SPECIFICATIONS
MEASUREMENT
FUNCTION
VOLTAGE DC
RESISTANCE 2 WIRE
CURRENT DC
10Hz - 120kHz
VOLTAGE AC TRMS
20Hz - 5kHz
CURRENT AC TRMS
FREQUENCY
3Hz - 500kHz
100mV
1V
10V
100V
750V
RANGE
ACCURACY % OF RANGE
100mV
1V
10V
100V
1000V
0.025
100Ω
0.05
1kΩ
0.05
10kΩ
0.05
100kΩ
0.05
1MΩ
0.1
10MΩ
0.25
100MΩ
2.5
10mA
100mA
1A
10A
0.1
10Hz - 50Hz
1
50Hz - 100Hz
0.5
100Hz - 25kHz
0.25
25kHz - 120kHz
1
10mA
100mA
1A
10A
0.5
PERIOD RANGE
% OF RANGE
333msec - 2µsec
0.01%
(For 0.1V - 750V AC RMS)
The current measurement with a current transformer is only allowed with external shunt in voltage measurement
mode!
33
CHAPTER VII - DMM
3. SAFETY
Before testing can be started, the user should become sufficiently familiar with the instructions of use and the operation
of the tester. In addition, read carefully the emergency first aid instructions and the testing procedure. Only a qualified
personnel who recognize shock hazards and are familiar with the safety precautions required to avoid possible injury are
intended to use Quanti.
Do not use this product in any manner not specified by the manufacturer. The protective features of this product may be
impaired if it is used in a manner not specified in the manual.
Do NOT touch under no circumstances the alligator clips when the equipment output voltage is switched on
Do NOT connect under no circumstances to the DMM inputs any over 1000V
34
CHAPTER VII - DMM
4. PERFORMING DMM TEST MANUALLY
Manual operation refers to use of the unit by operating it through the control panel and buttons located in its front panel.
When operating the unit, bear in mind that during testing the high-voltage connectors are live with dangerous voltage.
This instruction applies to operating the unit manually by means of buttons and display located in the front panel.
4.1 Connecting to the DUT
The connections to the DUT are made according to the below figure:
RESISTANCE
VOLTAGE
35
CHAPTER VII - DMM
CURRENT
4.2 Mains supply and switching on Quanti
Connect the Quanti device to the mains supply in the following order:
•
•
•
•
•
Check that the position of the front panel POWER switch is 0
Connect the test cables to the Quanti
Plug the mains cord to the Quanti
Plug the maisn cord to a mains outlet
Switch ON the Quanti
Extensive help windows, which provide the user additional information about the particular function, can be seen when
“SHOW HELP” button is pressed.
4.3 Setting up a DMM test
After pressing the power button Finero’s logo will be
displayed.
SELF TEST
After initialization the SELF TEST is shown. It contains
configuration information and results of the diagnostics.
Pressing the “CONTINUE” button takes you further. If
the SELF TEST gives several errors, please contact Finero’s
service.
36
CHAPTER VII - DMM
MAIN MENU
Quanti is capable of performing the DMM tests as singlestep tests or as a part of test program. The Paragraphs 4.4
- 4.6 describe how the single-step test is done. Refer to
chapter IX, page 41 for conducting a test program.
On the MAIN MENU screen, press the “MEASURE” button.
The SELECTED STEP SETTINGS screen will appear as
follows:
4.4 Editing DMM test settings
SELECTED TEST SETTINGS
On the SELECTED TEST SETTINGS screen, turn the fly wheel
knob to highlight the type of DMM test (U, I, R or f) to be
conducted. After highlighting, press the fly wheel knob to
edit the test settings.
Settings are edited by first highlighting the desired setting by
turning the fly wheel knob and then pressing the fly wheel
knob.
Pressing the “SHOW HELP” button shows help for steps or
selected setting.
The following tables explain how the different DMM test settings can be edited.
4.4.1 Editing DMM voltage settings
SETTING
MEANING
AC/DC
Selects AC or DC current for measurement.
Range
Selects range for measurement, same functionality as regular multimeter.
Mode
Measure continuously or do single measurements.
Limits
Selects if lmits should be used in the test.
High Limit
If the actual measurement result goes beyond the limit, Quanti will give a message FAIL. Range: -1000 - 1000 mV / V .
Resolution: 0.001 mV / V.
Low Limit
If the actual measurement result goes beyond the limit, Quanti will give a message FAIL. Range: -1000 - 1000 mV / V .
Resolution: 0.001 mV / V.
START THE TEST BY PRESSING THE START BUTTON IN THE FRONT PANEL.
37
CHAPTER VII - DMM
4.4.2 Editing DMM current settings
SETTING
MEANING
AC/DC
Selects AC or DC current for measurement.
Range
Selects range for measurement, same functionality as regular multimeter.
Mode
Measure continuously or do single measurements.
Limits
Selects if lmits should be used in the test.
High Limit
If the actual measurement result goes beyond the limit, Quanti will give a message FAIL. Range: -1000 - 1000 mA / A .
Resolution: 0.001 mV / V.
Low Limit
If the actual measurement result goes beyond the limit, Quanti will give a message FAIL. Range: -1000 - 1000 mA / A .
Resolution: 0.001 mV / V.
START THE TEST BY PRESSING THE START BUTTON IN THE FRONT PANEL.
4.4.3 Editing DMM resistance settings
SETTING
MEANING
Range
Selects range for measurement, same functionality as regular multimeter.
Mode
Measure continuously or do single measurements.
Limits
Selects if lmits should be used in the test.
High Limit
If the actual measurement result goes beyond the limit, Quanti will give a message FAIL. Range: -1000 - 1000 Ω / kΩ / MΩ.
Resolution: 0.001 Ω / kΩ / MΩ.
Low Limit
If the actual measurement result goes beyond the limit, Quanti will give a message FAIL. Range: -1000 - 1000 Ω / kΩ / MΩ.
Resolution: 0.001 Ω / kΩ / MΩ.
START THE TEST BY PRESSING THE START BUTTON IN THE FRONT PANEL.
4.4.4 Editing DMM frequency settings
SETTING
MEANING
Range
Selects range for measurement, same functionality as regular multimeter.
Mode
Measure continuously or do single measurements.
Limits
Selects if lmits should be used in the test.
High Limit
If the actual measurement result goes beyond the limit, Quanti will give a message FAIL. Range: -1000 - 1000 Hz / kHz. Resolution: 0.001 Hz / kHz.
Low Limit
If the actual measurement result goes beyond the limit, Quanti will give a message FAIL. Range: -1000 - 1000 Hz / kHz. Resolution: 0.001 Hz / kHz.
START THE TEST BY PRESSING THE START BUTTON IN THE FRONT PANEL.
38
CHAPTER VII - DMM
4.5 DMM test screen
DMM TEST SCREEN
After the test has started, the DMM test screen with relevant
information about currently running DMM test is shown on
the display for the test time.
The test can be aborted by pressing the “ABORT” button.
4.6 Test result screen
After the test is done, the test result appears on the screen. The test result is either PASSED or FAILED:
PASSED SCREEN
When DUT passed the test and the test process is completed,
the green led will light on the front panel and the display
will show the results of the test as seen on the left.
FAILED SCREEN
When DUT fails the test and the test process is completed,
an alarm will sound (if alarm sound setting is ON) together
with the red led lighting on the front panel and the display
will show the cause of the failure of the test as seen on the
left.
By pressing the fly wheel knob the while on the PASSED / FAILED screen, takes you back to the SELECTED TEST SETTINGS
VIEW.
39
CHAPTER VIII - SYSTEM SETUP
CHAPTER VIII - SYSTEM SETUP
1. SYSTEM SETUP
MAIN MENU
From the MAIN MENU continue by pressing “SETUP
MENU”.
SETUP MENU
In the SETUP MENU you can choose to go either to
“COMMUNICATION SETUP” or “SYSTEM SETUP”.
“BACK” button takes you back to main menu view.
1.1 Communications setup
COMMUNICATIONS SETUP
In the COMMUNICATIONS SETUP you can connect the PLC
remote ON of OFF by using the fly wheel knob. Pressing the
“SHOW HELP” button shows the help screen for selected
setting. “BACK” button takes you back to SETUP MENU.
Please also see the Chapter X, PLC REMOTE, page 43.
1.2 System setup settings
SYSTEM SETUP SETTINGS
In the SYSTEM SETTINGS you can choose the system
settings to be edited. Turn the fly wheel knob to highlight the
desired setting. After highlighting press the fly wheel knob to
edit the setting. Pressing the “SHOW HELP” button shows
the help screen for selected setting. Pressing the “BACK”
button takes you back to SETUP MENU.
40
CHAPTER VIII - SYSTEM SETUP
The table below clarifies the meaning of different system setup settings.
SETTING
MEANING
System Time
This setting modifies system time on onboard Real-Time Clock Circuit (RTC).
System Date
This setting modifies system date on onboard Real-Time Clock Circuit (RTC).
Language*
Select your language: DE for German, FR for French, ES for Spanish, EN for English.
Sequence Step Mode
Selects the mode for running sequences. In single mode the user has to start all tests invidually.
In auto mode whole sequence is ran without any input from user.
Calibration Alert
The equipment gives you an alert if this is ON.
Calibration Date
Here you can set the last calibration date.
Calibration Due
Here you can set the next date when this Quanti device should be calibrated again.
Calibration Alert Time
Here you can set the time how much in advance Quanti should alert that it needs to get
calibrated.
Password **
Set a password for Quanti. NOTE: Default password is “quanti”
Panel Lock
Locks the Quanti user interface until password is given. PC Communications work normally.
Safety Circuit Mode
Sets PLC Remote Safety Circuit feature ON or OFF.
Alarm Sound
Sets alarm sound feature ON or OFF.
* IF LANGUAGE IS CHANGED:
Quanti has to be manually restarted.
** IN CASE PASSWORD IS FORGOTTEN:
“quanti” (in lower case letters) is the override password. Regardless of the user set password, if password is asked and the
user types “quanti”, the password is automatically reset to “quanti”.
41
CHAPTER IX - PROGRAM MENU
CHAPTER IX - PROGRAM MENU
1. PROGRAM MENU
MAIN MENU
From the MAIN MENU continue by pressing “PROGRAM”.
PROGRAM MENU
In the PROGRAM MENU you can run predefined
measurement programs or modify them or
define new programs. Turn the fly wheel knob
to highlight the desired program selection. After
highlighting, press the fly wheel knob to edit the
measurement program step settings.
“SHOW RESULTS” button shows the result of previously conducted measurement programs. (please see page 42)
“DELETE PROGRAM” button deletes the highlighted measurement program.
Pressing the “BACK” button takes you back to MAIN MENU.
First measurement program is always PLC remote program, which cannot be deleted. Setting the PLC remote start signal
high will always run this measurement program. If run from this menu or from program step editing menu it will be run
as regular program. (Please see PLC remote chapter X, page 43.)
1.1 Program step editor menu
PROGRAM STEP EDITOR MENU
In the PROGRAM STEP EDITOR MENU you can
add, delete and modify measurement program
steps (tests). You can also run the programs by
pressing the “START” button.
Turn the fly wheel knob to highlight the desired
program selection. After highlighting press
the fly wheel knob to edit the measurement
program step settings.
Pressing the “SHOW HELP” button shows help for steps or selected setting.
“DELETE STEP” button deletes the highlighted step (test). Pressing the “BACK” button takes you back to PROGRAM MENU.
PRESSING START BUTTON IN THE FRONT PANEL INITIALIZES CURRENTLY SELECTED MEASUREMENT PROGRAMS.
42
CHAPTER IX - PROGRAM MENU
1.2 Running tests in sequence
RUNNING SEQUENCE
During running measurement program the selected tests
will be conducted and the passed and failed information is
shown on the screen.
Pressing the “ABORT” button interrupts measurement
program.
TEST VIEW
An example of ISO test view during measurement program.
Pressing the “ABORT” button interrupts measurement
program.
TEST RESULT VIEW
Pressing the “CLOSE” button takes you back to PROGRAM
MENU.
1.3 Test sequence results
MEASUREMENT PROGRAMS
For more details about conducted measurement program results can be viewed in program result menu by pressing the
“SHOW RESULTS” button.
Pressing the “BACK” button takes you back to PROGRAM
MENU.
MEASUREMENT PROGRAM RESULTS
By first higlighting and then pressing the knob user can get
detailed information about the program steps.
Pressing the “BACK” button takes you back to PROGRAM
MENU.
43
CHAPTER X - PLC REMOTE
CHAPTER X - PLC REMOTE
1. GENERAL
PLC remote enables to incorporate Quanti device in less sophisticated automatic test systems. Quanti operates as in the
manual mode but has a provision for extra output contacts for indicators and logic inputs for the control buttons.
2. START-UP
Basically Quanti will be put into operation as in manual mode. In addition the wiring of the operator connector at the back
panel has to be done. The connector is a 25-pin D-type female connector. Please also see page 5, External Safety Circuit.
D25 Connector
Connections of D25 Connector
CONNECTIONS OF D25 CONNECTOR
+25V
Constant voltage present 25 VDC
INPUT 1
Input pin state can be read by PC remote. NOTE: If GB test is present on the device this pin will be used as start signal for
GB test. If Finero’s PE - probe is present, the state of its trigger can be read from this pin.
START
Signal starts PLC sequence in high speed mode (no graphics) if MAIN MENU is viewed at the same time. This signal will be
intrepreted as pressing the start button if the user is in measure or program menu.
INPUT 2
Input pin state can be read by PC remote.
STOP
Signal aborts running PLC sequence as if “ABORT” button is pressed.
SAFETY CIRCUIT
If 25 V is not present on safety circuit pin, no test can be run.
DISCHARGE
Indicates that no voltage is present on test output(s)
TEST ON
Indicates that a test is running
FAULT
Indicates that last test run has failed
OUTPUT 1
PC remote programmable output pin
OUTPUT 2
PC remote programmable output pin
0V
Ground pins
44
CHAPTER X - PLC REMOTE
3. USING PLC REMOTE
3.1 Automation
If you wish to use Quanti as a part of simple automated test system, you can run tests straight after power up of self test has
finished. With start signal you can start action determined in communications setup
PLC Signal Functionality
The Diagram above shows the functionality of the PLC signals during tests. The test on light will indicate that the test is
running. If the test fails, running of the test will automatically end regardless of timer setting and the fail signal will be high.
If the fail signal is low when the test signal goes low the test is PASSED. This applies to both visual and high-speed tests.
3.2 Manual Use
The start and stop signals function as pressing the “START” and “STOP” buttons while in program or measurement menus,
so they can be used to implement external start and stop buttons. You can also connect test and fail signals to external lights
or any kind of external indication devices (e.g. lights or audio devices).
QUANTI MGHI 40 USER MANUAL
45
CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
1. CONNECTIONS
Connection specifications for USB, ETHERNET, RS-232, GPIB can be found as separate documents, which are delivered
with Quanti device.
2. PROTOCOL
Quanti takes commands in regular ASCII encoding.
2.1 Command Frame
Command frame consists of Quanti-Link Address of the device that you wish to control. Target, which is either an invidual
test on the device or general settings or functions of the device. There can be several commands on a single frame excluding
queries and starting and shutting down tests. There can be only 1 target per frame, e.g. if you wish to change settings of HV
and GB tests you have to send 2 different frames.
QUANTI LINK ADDRESS
TARGET
CMD
END
Q0;
HV;
Volt 50;
LF (=0x0A, NL line feed, new line)
EXAMPLE COMMANDS
QUANTI LINK ADDRESS
TARGET
CMD
CMD
Q0;
HV;
VOLT 50;
TIMER ON;
Q5;
GB;
CURR 5.01;
Q31;
HV;
CVAC 50;
Q0;
GEN;
IDN?
Q0;
HV;
OFF;
TIME 10;
CMD
END
ON;
LF
Command frame must always have QUANTI-Link address and TARGET indicators in it. All commands and adress and test
values must end with “;”. When modifying settings, “SPACE” is used to separate setting indicator and value.
Quanti device will answer either “OK” “ERR xx” or if the command was query (“xxx?”) it will answer with either queried
information or “ERR xx” msg. Please see the error codes in the chapter 2.2, Page 47.
“ON” COMMAND FOR TESTER MUST ALWAYS BE THE LAST COMMAND IN A FRAME, WITH 0 TO N AMOUNT OF
TESTER SETTING COMMANDS. THIS COMMAND IS SHARED BY ALL TESTERS FOR STARTING TESTS.
“OFF” COMMAND AND COMMANDS ASKING FOR INFORMATION(QUERIES, “XXX?”) MUST ALWAYS BE THE ONLY
COMMAND IN A FRAME. MULTIPLE QUERIES IN SAME FRAME ARE NOT ALLOWED.
NOTE! IF ANY COMMAND IN FRAME HAS ERROR, WHOLE FRAME WILL BE DISCARDED!
QUANTI MGHI 40 USER MANUAL
46
CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
ANSWER
MEANING
OK
COMMANDS EXECUTED NORMALLY
ERR CODE
ERROR HAS OCCURRED IN PROCESSING THE COMMAND. “CODE”
VALUE ENCODING BELOW
XX XXX
IF QUERIED FOR SPECIFIC VALUE, ANSWER WILL BE EITHER ERR XX
(CODE) OR THE QUERIED ANSWER
NOTE! ANSWER TO XXX? (QUERY) WILL BE QUERY SPECIFIC ANSWER OR ERROR CODE. “OK” WILL NOT BE
TRANSMITTED IN CASE OF QUERY.
QUANTI MGHI 40 USER MANUAL
47
CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
2.2 Error Codes
ERROR CODE
ERROR
DETAILS
ERR 1
Command Order Error
"ON" or "OFF" commmand not last command in sent Command
Frame
ERR 2
Command Syntax Error
Command syntax is not correct
ERR 3
Device Not Ready
Device is not ready to handle commands(either booting or in
manual use)
ERR 4
Invalid AAMP value
Invalid value for Arc Amplitude setting
ERR 5
Invalid ACDC value
Invalid value for ACDC setting
ERR 6
Invalid ADET value
Invalid value for Arc Detection setting
ERR 7
Invalid AWID value
Invalid value for Arc width setting
ERR 8
Invalid CLIM value
Invalid value for Connectivity Limit setting
ERR 9
Invalid Command
Syntax correct but command not recognised
ERR 10
Invalid CON value
Invalid value for Connectivity setting
ERR 11
Invalid CURR value
Invalid value for Current setting
ERR 12
Invalid CVAC value
Invalid value for Connectivity Ac Voltage setting
ERR 13
Invalid FREQ value
Invalid value for Frequency setting
ERR 14
Invalid HLIM and LLIM values
Low limit value higher than High limit which would cause test
to constantly fail
ERR 15
Invalid HLIM value
Invalid value for High Limit setting
ERR 16
Invalid LIMS value
Invalid value for Limits setting
ERR 17
Invalid LLIM value
Invalid value for Low Limit setting
ERR 18
Invalid LTYPE value
Invalid value for Limit Type setting
ERR 19
Invalid MODE value
Invalid value for Mode setting
ERR 20
Invalid OUT1 value
Invalid value for PLC Remote out1 pin
ERR 21
Invalid OUT2 value
Invalid value for PLC Remote out2 pin
ERR 22
Invalid Query
Query syntax ok but command not recognized
ERR 23
Invalid RAMPD value
Invalid value for Ramp Down setting
ERR 24
Invalid RAMPU value
Invalid value for Ramp Up setting
ERR 25
Invalid RANGE value
Invalid value for Range setting
ERR 26
Invalid TIME value
Invalid value for Time setting
ERR 27
Invalid TIMER value
Invalid value for Timer setting
ERR 28
Invalid VOLT value
Invalid value for Voltage
ERR 29
Multiple Queries in Frame
Several queries in same Command Frame are not allowed
ERR 30
No DMM Available
Dmm not available on device
ERR 31
No GB Test Available
Ground Bond test not available on device
ERR 32
No HV Test Available
High Voltage test not available on device
ERR 33
No ISO Test Available
Insulation Resistance test not available on device
ERR 34
Results not available
No remote tests have been conducted during device uptime
ERR 35
Test Running
Command not available while test running
ERR 36
Test Not Running
Caused by trying to shutdown a test that is not currently
running
ERR 37
Safety Circuit
Safety Circuit open, cannot run tests.
QUANTI MGHI 40 USER MANUAL
48
CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
2.3 HV Test Commands
2.3.1 HV test control commands
COMMAND
INFO
HV;
Target indicator
ON;
Must always be last command in frame
OFF;
Must always be only command in frame
2.3.2 HV test setting change commands
COMMAND
VALUE
INFO
ACDC
DC;
Selects DC mode
AC50;
Selects AC 50 Hz mode
AC60;
Selects AC 50 Hz mode
VOLT
50 - 6000;
Selects voltage
RAMPU
0; or 0.1 - 99.9;
selects voltage ramp up time. 0 or 0.1-99.9;
RAMPD
0; 0.1 - 99.9;
selects voltage ramp up time. 0 or 0.1-99.9;
TIMER
ON; or OFF;
selects whether test time is used or OFF; command is required
to stop.
TIME
0.3 - 999.9;
selects test time
RANGE
1;
Depends on AC/DC selection. 1mA or 10mA
2;
Depends on AC/DC selection. 10mA or 40/100mA
LTYPE
REAL; or TOTAL;
Selects current type to use for limit checking
HLIM
0 - 1.0000;
Please refer to HV-test settings, chapter X, page X for maximum
value and resolution
LLIM
0 - 1.0000;
Please refer to HV-test settings, chapter X, page X for maximum
value and resolution
ADET
ON; or OFF;
Sets arc detection on/off
AAMP
1- 20;
Set arc amplitude limit
AWID
0 or 5 - 100;
Sets arc width. 0 means will detect <5
CON
ON; or OFF;
Sets connectivity test on/off.
CLIM
0 - 100;
Connectivity limit setting
CVAC
50 - 1000;
Connectivity Ac voltage to be used on DC with no ramp
QUANTI MGHI 40 USER MANUAL
49
CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
2.3.3 HV test setting queries
QUERY
ANSWER FORMAT
ACDC?
"DC" or "AC50" or "AC60"
VOLT?
Value in Volts, e.g. 100
RAMPU?
Value in seconds, e.g. 11.1
RAMPD?
Value in seconds, e.g. 11.1
TIMER?
"ON" or "OFF"
TIME?
Value in seconds, e.g. 11.1
RANGE?
"1" or "2"
LTYPE?
"REAL" or "TOTAL"
HLIM?
Value in mA, e.g. 11.1
LLIM?
Value in mA, e.g. 11.1
ADET?
"ON" or "OFF"
AAMP?
Value in mA, e.g. 11
AWID?
Value in microseconds, e.g. 11.1
CON?
"ON" or "OFF"
CLIM?
Value in microamps, e.g. 11
CVAC?
Value in Volts, e.g. 50
ALLSETS?
All answers separated by space in same order as above
2.3.4 HV test result queries
QUERY
INFO
ANSWER FORMAT
RESRCUR?
real current
Value in mA, e.g. 11.1
RESTCUR?
total current
Value in mA, e.g. 11.1
RESVOLT?
voltage
Value in Volts, e.g. 50
STAT?
status
Status number, e.g. 11, please below for meaning
TIM?
time
aa (0.1s resolution)
RES?
All answers separated by space in same order as above
QUANTI MGHI 40 USER MANUAL
50
CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
STATUS
MEANING
0
No Errors Detected
1
Running
2
Ramp Up/Init
3
Ramp Down/Shutdown
4
Interrupted
5
Measured Current Under Low Limit
6
Measured Current Over High Limit
7
Safety Circuit Opened
8
Error - Over Range
9
Short circuit
10
Inverter shutdown failed
11
HV Measurement Shutdown Failed
12
Failed to reach test voltage. Check Connections
13
Connectivity Test Failed
14
Arc Detected
2.4 ISO Test Commands
2.4.1 ISO test control commands
COMMAND
INFO
ISO;
Target indicator
ON;
Must always be last command in frame
OFF;
Must always be only command in frame
2.4.2 ISO test setting change commands
COMMAND
VALUE
INFO
VOLT
50 - 1000;
Sets test voltage
RAMPU
0; or 0.1 - 99.9;
selects voltage ramp up time. 0 or 0.1-99.9;
RAMPD
0; 0.1 - 99.9;
selects voltage ramp up time. 0 or 0.1-99.9;
TIMER
ON; or OFF;
selects whether test time is used or OFF; command is required
to stop.
TIME
0.3 - 999.9;
selects test time
LTYPE
REAL; or TOTAL;
Selects current type to use for limit checking
HLIM
0.5 - 50000;
High limit value in MΩ
LLIM
0.5 - 50000;
Low limit value in MΩ
CON
ON; or OFF;
Sets connectivity test on/off.
CLIM
0 - 100;
Connectivity limit setting
CVAC
50 - 1000;
Connectivity Ac voltage to be used on DC with no ramp
QUANTI MGHI 40 USER MANUAL
51
CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
2.4.3 ISO test setting queries
QUERY
ANSWER FORMAT
VOLT?
Value in Volts, e.g. 100
RAMPU?
Value in seconds, e.g. 11.1
RAMPD?
Value in seconds, e.g. 11.1
TIMER?
"ON" or "OFF"
TIME?
Value in seconds, e.g. 11.1
HLIM?
Value in MΩ, e.g. 11.1
LLIM?
Value in MΩ, e.g. 11.1
CON?
"ON" or "OFF"
CLIM?
Value in microamps, e.g. 11
CVAC?
Value in Volts, e.g. 50
ALLSETS?
All answers separated by space in same order as above
2.4.4 ISO test result queries
QUERY
INFO
ANSWER FORMAT
RESR?
Resistance
Value in MΩ, e.g. 11.1
RESVOLT?
Voltage
Value in Volts, e.g. 50
STAT?
Status
Status number, e.g. 11, please below for meaning
TIM?
Time
aa (0.1s resolution)
RES?
All answers separated by space in same order as above
STATUS
MEANING
0
No Errors Detected
1
Running
2
Ramp Up/Init
3
Ramp Down/Shutdown
4
Interrupted
5
Measured Resistance Under Low Limit
6
Measured Resistance Over High Limit
7
Safety Circuit Opened
8
Error - Over Range
9
Short circuit
10
Inverter shutdown failed
11
ISO Measurement Shutdown Failed
12
Failed to reach test voltage. Check Connections
12
Connectivity Test Failed
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CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
2.5 GB Test Commands
2.5.1 GB test control commands
COMMAND
INFO
GB;
Target indicator
ON;
Must always be last command in frame
OFF;
Must always be only command in frame
2.5.2 GB test setting change commands
COMMAND
VALUE
INFO
CURR
3.00 - 30.00;
Sets test current
FREQ
AC50; or AC60;
Selects AC frequency for test
HLIM
0.5 - 500;
High limit value in mΩ
LLIM
0.5 - 500;
Low limit value in mΩ
TIMER
ON; or OFF;
Selects whether test is used or OFF. Command is required to
stop.
TIME
0.3 - 999.9;
Selects test time
2.5.3 GB test setting queries
QUERY
ANSWER FORMAT
CURR?
Value in Amps, e.g. 11.11
FREQ?
AC50 or AC60
HLIM?
Value in mΩ
LLIM?
Value in mΩ,
TIMER?
"ON" or "OFF"
TIME?
Value in seconds, e.g. 11.1
ALLSETS?
All answers separated by space in same order as above
QUANTI MGHI 40 USER MANUAL
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CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
2.5.4 GB test result queries
QUERY
INFO
ANSWER FORMAT
RESR?
Resistance
Value in mΩ, e.g. 11.1
RESVOLT?
Voltage
Value in Volts, e.g. 50
RESCUR?
Current
Value in A, e.g. 11.11
STAT?
Status
Status number, e.g. 11, please below for meaning
TIM?
Time
aa (0.1s resolution)
RES?
All answers separated by space in same order as above
STATUS
MEANING
0
No Errors Detected
1
Running
2
Init
3
Shutdown
4
Interrupted
5
Measured Resistance Under Low Limit
6
Measured Resistance Over High Limit
7
Safety Circuit Opened
8
Error - Over Range
9
Inverter shutdown failed
10
GB Measurement Shutdown Failed
11
Failed to reach test voltage. Check Connections
2.6 DMM Test Commands
COMMAND
INFO
U;
Target indicator
R;
Target indicator
I;
Target indicator
f;
Target indicator
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CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
2.6.1 DMM test control commands
COMMANDS FOR U
COMMAND
VALUE
INFO
ACDC
AC; / DC;
Selects AC or DC measurement
RANGE
1-6;
Sets measurement range
1; = 0.1V
2; = 1V
3; = 10V
4; = 100V
5; = DC 1000V or AC 750V
6; = AUTO
MODE
SING; or CONT;
Selects whether Quanti should take single measurement or
keep measuring until shutdown
LIMS
ON; or OFF;
Selects if limist are used in test
HLIM
xxx yyy;
High limit xxx=value (-1000 to 1000) yyy=unit! (“mV” or
“V”, case sensitive)
LLIM
xxx yyy;
Low limit xxx=value (-1000 to 1000) yyy=unit! (“mV” or
“V” , case sensitive)
COMMANDS FOR R
COMMAND
VALUE
INFO
RANGE
1-8;
Sets measurement range
1; = 100Ω
2; = 1kΩ
3; = 10kΩ
4; = 100kΩ
5; = 1MΩ
6; = 10MΩ
7; = 100MΩ
8; = AUTO
MODE
SING; or CONT;
Selects whether Quanti should take single measurement or
keep measuring until shutdown
LIMS
ON; or OFF;
Selects if limist are used in test
HLIM
xxx yyy;
High limit xxx=value (-1000 to 1000) yyy=unit! “Ohm”
“kOhm”, Or “MOhm” (Ω Not in ascii, “Ohm” used
instead, case sensitive).
LLIM
xxx yyy;
Low limit xxx=value (-1000 to 1000) yyy=unit! “Ohm”
“kOhm”, Or “MOhm” (Ω Not in ascii, “Ohm” used
instead, case sensitive).
QUANTI MGHI 40 USER MANUAL
55
CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
COMMANDS FOR I
COMMAND
VALUE
INFO
ACDC
AC; or DC;
Selects AC or DC measurement
RANGE
1-6;
Sets measurement range
1; = 0.01A
2; = 0.1A
3; = 1A
4; = 10A
5; = AUTO
MODE
SING; or CONT;
Selects whether Quanti should take single measurement or
keep measuring until shutdown
LIMS
ON; or OFF;
Selects if limist are used in test
HLIM
xxx yyy;
High limit xxx=value (-1000 to 1000) yyy=unit! (“mA” or
“A”, case sensitive)
LLIM
xxx yyy;
Low limit xxx=value (-1000 to 1000) yyy=unit! (“mA” or
“A”, case sensitive)
COMMANDS FOR f
COMMAND
VALUE
INFO
RANGE
1-6;
Sets measurement range
1; = 0.1V
2; = 1V
3; = 10V
4; = 100V
5; = 750V
6; = AUTO
MODE
SING; or CONT;
Selects whether Quanti should take single measurement or
keep measuring until shutdown
LIMS
ON; or OFF;
Selects if limist are used in test
HLIM
xxx yyy;
High limit xxx=value (-1000 to 1000) yyy=unit! “Hz” or
“kHz”, case sensitive.
LLIM
xxx yyy;
Low limit xxx=value (-1000 to 1000) yyy=unit! “Hz” or
“kHz”, case sensitive.
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56
CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
2.6.2 Queries for asking current values of settings
QUERIES FOR U
QUERY
INFO
ANSWER FORMAT
ACDC?
ac/dc
aa ("AC" or "DC")
RANGE?
range
aa (Number encoded, see above settings)
MODE?
mode
aa ("SING" or "CONT")
LIMS?
Limits Used
aa ("ON" or "OFF")
HLIM?
High Limit
xxx yyy (xxx=value yyy==unit)
LLIM?
Low Limit
xxx yyy (xxx=value yyy==unit)
ALLSETS?
all
All answers separated by space in same order as above
QUERIES FOR R
QUERY
INFO
ANSWER FORMAT
RANGE?
range
aa (Number encoded, see above settings)
MODE?
mode
aa ("SING" or "CONT")
LIMS?
Limits Used
aa ("ON" or "OFF")
HLIM?
High Limit
xxx yyy (xxx=value yyy==unit)
LLIM?
Low Limit
xxx yyy (xxx=value yyy==unit)
ALLSETS?
all
All answers separated by space in same order as above
QUERIES FOR I
QUERY
INFO
ANSWER FORMAT
ACDC?
ac/dc
aa ("AC" or "DC")
RANGE?
range
aa (Number encoded, see above settings)
MODE?
mode
aa ("SING" or "CONT")
LIMS?
Limits Used
aa ("ON" or "OFF")
HLIM?
High Limit
xxx yyy (xxx=value yyy==unit)
LLIM?
Low Limit
xxx yyy (xxx=value yyy==unit)
ALLSETS?
all
All answers separated by space in same order as above
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CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
QUERIES FOR f
QUERY
INFO
ANSWER FORMAT
RANGE?
range
aa (Number encoded, see above settings)
MODE?
mode
aa ("SING" or "CONT")
LIMS?
Limits Used
aa ("ON" or "OFF")
HLIM?
High Limit
xxx yyy (xxx=value yyy==unit)
LLIM?
Low Limit
xxx yyy (xxx=value yyy==unit)
ALLSETS?
all
All answers separated by space in same order as above
2.6.3 Test control queries
COMMON FOR ALL DMM TESTS
QUERY
INFO
ANSWER
RES?
xxx yyy (value, unit, status)
STAT?
aa
2.6.4 Status values encoding - ASCII values!
COMMON FOR ALL DMM TESTS
STATUS
MEANING
0
No Errors Detected
1
Initializing
2
Running
3
Interrupted
4
Under Low Limit
5
Over High Limit
6
Safety Circuit Opened
7
Error - Over Range
8
Error - Mode could not be set
QUANTI MGHI 40 USER MANUAL
58
CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
3. EXAMPLES OF PC REMOTE COMMUNICATION
3.1 Setting HV to DC mode
COMMAND STRING (EXCLUDING) LF (=0X0A, NL LINE FEED, NEW LINE)
COMMAND
MEANING
Q0;
Command meant for device with Quanti link address set to 0.
HV;
Command meant for HV test.
ACDC DC;
ACDC value set to DC.
ANSWER FROM QUANTI
OK
Command was correct and Quanti HV test is now DC mode
3.2 Answer for sending wrong command
COMMAND STRING (EXCLUDING) LF (=0X0A, NL LINE FEED, NEW LINE)
ANSWER FROM QUANTI
ERR 5
Quanti answers with error code. Correct meanings for error codes can be found in the
chapter 2.2, page 47. Invalid value for ACDC setting.
QUANTI MGHI 40 USER MANUAL
59
CHAPTER XI - PC REMOTE
3.3 Example of running test with PC remote
EXAMPLE TRAFFIC DURING HV TEST
BREAKDOWN
HV test started and command is OK.
Results are being polled while the test is running. Status number marked by red circle has a value of one, meaning that the
test is running.
HV test results have been polled. Status number by red circle has a value of zero, meaning that the test is finished with no
errors detected. The values given by this result poll are the final result values of the test.
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