L/ I 103 105 KBD p

L/ I 103 105 KBD p
US007636548B2
(12) Ulllted States Patent
(10) Patent N0.:
Kraft et a].
(54)
(45) Date of Patent:
Dec. 22, 2009
EVENT HANDLING INA MOBILE
2005/0075096 A1 *
4/2005 Aljuraid ................ .. 455/4l4.l
TERMINAL
2006/0074497 A1 *
4/2006
(75) Inventors: Christian Kraft, Erederiksberg C (DK);
Peter Darn Nielsen, Lyngby (DK)
(73) Assignee: Nokia Corporation, Espoo, FL (US)
(*)
US 7,636,548 B2
Notice:
Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this
patent is extended or adjusted under 35
U.S.C. 154(b) by 572 days.
Pollin ........................ .. 700/14
FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
EP
1111884 A2
EP
1241853 A2
6/2001
9/2002
EP
1349049 A1
10/2003
EP
1355468 A1
10/2003
OTHER PUBLICATIONS
“User’s Manual for Nokia 9110 Communicator”, Issue 3 EN, 1999,
190 pages.
(21)
Appl. N0.: 11/073,407
(22)
Filed;
“Nokia 9210 Communicator User’s Guide”, Issue 3, 2001, 276
pages.
Man 4, 2005
“Nokia 9300 User Guide”, Issue 1, 2004, 99 pages.
“Nokia 9500 Communicator User Guide”, Issue 2, 2004, 105 pages.
(65)
Prior Publication Data
US 2006/0199535 A1
European Of?ce Action dated Mar. 26, 2008.
International Search Report dated Jun. 29, 2006.
Sep. 7, 2006
_
_
* c1ted by examrner
(51)
Int. Cl.
Primal,y ExammeriTuan
.
A Pham
H043 7/00
(200601)
(74) Attorney, Agent, or FirmiPerman & Green LLP
(52)
US. Cl. .............. .. 455/41.2; 455/4561; 455/4563;
(58)
Field of Classi?cation Search .............. .. 455/41.2,
455/456.6; 370/328; 370/338
455/4561, 456.3, 456.6, 567; 370/328, 338
See application ?le for complete search history.
(56)
(57)
ABSTRACT
A method for triggering an event in a mobile communication
terminal, Where the terminal is capable of operating in any
References Cited
one of a pluralrty of selectable states, the method comprises
the steps of: receiving scheduling information When the ter
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
minal is in a ?rst operational state, the information specifying
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triggered When the mobile communication terminal has tran
2002/0052225 A1
2002/0090931 A1 *
2003/0085766 A1 *
5/2002 Davis et a1.
7/2002 Papineau et al.
455/411
5/2003 Rogerson ................... .. 331/57
that an event in the mobile terminal is to be scheduled to be
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18 Claims, 3 Drawing Sheets
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US 7,636,548 B2
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US. Patent
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Sheet 3 of3
US 7,636,548 B2
START
Receive
310“- scheduling
information
320'”
330
340-»
IDLE
‘
Desired
state
Trigger
event
End
Fig. 3
US 7,636,548 B2
1
2
EVENT HANDLING IN A MOBILE
TERMINAL
The object is achieved in a ?rst aspect by a method for
triggering an event in a mobile communication terminal,
Where the terminal is capable of operating in any one of a
TECHNICAL FIELD
plurality of selectable states. The method comprises the steps
of: receiving scheduling information When the terminal is in
The present invention relates to a method and mobile com
munication terminal to control the triggering of events in a
mobile communication terminal.
a ?rst operational state, the information specifying that an
event in the mobile terminal is to be scheduled to be triggered
When the mobile communication terminal has entered a sec
ond state. The event is triggered When the mobile communi
cation terminal has entered the second operational state. In
BACKGROUND
this Way, the user can schedule events When he or she has a lot
Mobile communication terminals have changed dramati
cally in the last decade. With the ?rst 2 G terminals, the only
of time, for execution at a time When he or she knoWs that
many activities need to be performed simultaneously.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the ?rst opera
real purpose Was to make normal phone calls. NoW With 2.5 G
(GPRS), CDMA2000 and UMTS technology, coupled With
tional state is When the terminal is radio silent. This covers the
case for When the terminal is in ?ight mode.
softWare applications such as a calendar application, a contact
list application and a task list application, the mobile com
munication terminals have evolved to take on the role of being
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the second
operational state is a normal mode. Normal mode is When the
terminal returns to a normal operational mode e. g. When it is
PDAs (Personal Digital Assistant), in addition to being com
munication devices.
A problem found With using the mobile communication
20
communication terminal may be prohibited in some situa
tions, such as in hospital environments and While ?ying on
airplanes. This has been solved With What is called ‘?ight
mode’, Which is knoWn in the art. Flight mode implies that
transmission and reception of radio signals in addition to
softWare components requiring radio interfaces are disabled,
While software components that do not use any radio inter
faces are still available to the user. For example, in ?ight mode
it is not possible to make phone calls, but the calendar appli
cation is available. Consequently, While in ?ight mode, the
ously scheduled events triggered.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the ?rst opera
25
devices are Within range for the short range RF transceiver. In
other Words, events can be scheduled to be executed once the
30
ponents again and When it happens the user might be pre
occupied With other tasks the user might forget that he Was
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the short range
RF transceiver is a Bluetooth® transceiver and the short range
RF device is a Bluetooth® device. Bluetooth® is one of the
35
most commonly used short range RF technologies.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the event is a
transfer of data to or from the terminal. Thus the user can
easily schedule the transfer of data for When no untrusted
devices are in the proximity, enhancing the security of such
transfer.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the event is
activation of a reminder. For example, a user may Wish to be
reminded to call relatives once the user is out of the hospital.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the event is to
45
synchroniZe a clock in the terminal With timing information
available in a mobile communication netWork to Which the
terminal connects to When entering the second state. This can
be advantageous for example after having traveled a great
50
supposed to make a call and the reminder Will then have been
to no use.
Another reason for a user desiring, or even being com
pelled, to temporarily disable radio communication is that of
integrity and security While using short range RF. For
example, When using a Bluetooth® transceiver in the mobile
security risks of having untrusted devices in the proximity
have diminished.
exit the airport or to catch another plane, etc. Thus for the user
to make desired changes in the mobile communication termi
nal for the neW location is stressful and easily forgotten until
a later, less optimal, time.
If a call reminder Were to go off While the user is on a plane
or someWhere else Where the user is unable to make the call in
the reminder, the user Would then be forced to Wait until he is
alloWed to sWitch on the RF components again. As some time
could pass before the terminal is alloWed to use the RF com
tional state is When at least one untrusted short range RF
device is Within range for a short range RF transceiver in the
terminal. The second state is When only trusted short range RF
terminal is safe to operate While the user is located on an
airplane in ?ight or in a hospital environment.
One problem occurs When the user exits ?ight mode, eg
when returning to ground again after having been on an
airplane or When exiting a hospital environment and the user
Wishes to set the terminal to be in normal operation mode. At
this point in time, the user is typically busy With several
activities, such as disembarking the plane, ?nding Where to
capable of receiving and transmitting a call after having been
in another mode, such as ?ight mode. This is a typical
example of When it is useful for the end user to have previ
terminal as a PDA is that radio traf?c generated from a mobile
distance and landing in a neW time Zone, ensuring that the
clock in the terminal is set to the correct local time.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the event is to
scan and store available broadcast radio stations. Again, this
can With advantage be used When stepping off a plane in a neW
location, alloWing a set of broadcast radio stations to be easily
55 available to the user.
Another aspect of the present invention is a mobile com
munication terminal comprising a processor and memory
communication terminal to send or receive data, it may be
desired for security reasons to ?rst check if there are any
con?gured to perform the method described above and pro
viding the same advantages as described above.
untrusted Bluetooth® devices Within range, and only proceed
The folloWing is a description of tWo use cases to illustrate
With the transfer if no untrusted devices are found. This pro
the usefulness of the invention.
cedure can be both time consuming and irritating for the user.
The ?rst use case is When a user gets a reminder to make a
a user faces When using a mobile communication terminal as
call While in ?ightmode. As it is not alloWed to start up the RF
part of the device he is unable to make the call and thus the
reminder is redundant at this point and might only serve as a
distraction and stress the user. According to the present inven
described above.
tion, the terminal Would automatically check Whether it is
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
An object of the present invention is to alleviate problems
65
US 7,636,548 B2
3
4
possible to perform the required action ie to make the phone
being for storing data and program instructions for various
call and if it is not possible the action is postponed to a later
softWare in the mobile terminal. The softWare includes a
time. This could either be done by simply postponing the
reminder or by associating it With a pro?le change going from
Flightmode to another mode alloWing RF activity or When
real-time operating system 220, man-machine interface
contact With an operator has been established.
260, 270 may include a call handling application as Well as
various other application, such as a contacts (phonebook)
(MMI) drivers 234, an application handler 232 as Well as
various applications 250, 260, 270. The applications 250,
Alternatively, postponing the action could be supple
application, a messaging application, a calendar application,
mented With keeping the original reminder as Well. In the use
case above, this Would result in both a reminder going of
While in ?ight mode and one going off as contact With an
operator has been established. This Would alloW the user to
look for alternative modes of communication such as airplane
a control panel application, a camera application, a media
player, one or more video games, a notepad application, etc,
including softWare capable of performing a method accord
ing to the invention as described beloW in connection With
FIG. 3.
The MMI drivers 234 cooperate With the or each display
phones While still being certain that should he fail he Will be
reminded again When it is possible.
The second use case is When a terminal has a scheduled
BluetoothTM synchronize session or When a user initiates a
236 as Well as various other I/O devices 238, 239 such as a
microphone, a speaker, a vibrator, a keypad, a ringtone gen
erator, a LED indicator, volume controls, etc. As is commonly
knoWn, a user may operate the mobile terminal through the
man-machine interface thus formed.
synchronization. The terminal Would then sense if there are
any unfriendly device around, ie any devices that are not on
the trusted list, any unknoWn devices or any devices on a
blacklist depending on the desired security. If so, the terminal
automatically postpones the synchronization to a later time
20
The softWare also includes various modules, protocol
25
stacks, drivers, etc., Which are commonly designated as a
softWare block 230 and Which provide communication ser
vices (such as transport, netWork and connectivity) for an RF
interface 206, and optionally a Bluetooth® interface 208
and/or an IrDA interface 210. The RF interface 206 comprises
When there are only friendly devices around either by post
poning and trying again or by monitoring the environment
and initiating the synchronization When the criteria is ful
?lled.
an internal or external antenna as Well as appropriate radio
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
circuitry for establishing and maintaining a Wireless link to a
base station in a mobile communication netWork. As is Well
knoWn to a person skilled in the art, the radio circuitry com
The present invention Will be more apparent from the
accompanying draWings, provided as non-limiting examples.
FIG. 1 schematically illustrates a functional block diagram
of a mobile communication terminal according to an embodi
ment of the present invention.
FIG. 2 schematically illustrates a block diagram represent
ing the general internal component and softWare structure of
30
The mobile terminal also has a SIM card 204 and an asso
ciated reader. As is commonly knoWn, the SIM card 204
35
a mobile communication terminal according to an embodi
FIG. 3 is a ?owchart of a method according to an embodi
described above Without continuous exclusive use of the con
ment of the present invention.
troller (eg 200 in FIG. 2). Consequently, several softWare
40
PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
execution is Well knoWn in the art and is often referred to as
In a receive scheduling information step 310, the terminal
45
knoWn systems CDMA2000, D-AMPS, GSM, UMTS,
109 as Well as input/output units in the form of a microphone
responsible for the overall operation of the mobile terminal
50
Non-limiting examples of events that may be scheduled in
55
netWork, a search and store of available local broadcast radio
stations.
In an idle state 320, the execution ?oW temporarily rests
alloWing other softWare modules in the terminal to execute
before executing the next step.
60
cessor”) or any other electronic programmable logic device.
The controller 200 has associated electronic memory 202
is used for various purposes by the controller 200, one of them
Ways, such as in a received data message, such as an SMS or
an MMS received over the air.
step 310 are: a reminder With a user speci?ed text, a synchro
nization of the terminal clock With a time available in the
and is preferably implemented by any commercially available
CPU (“Central Processing Unit”), DSP (“Digital Signal Pro
such as RAM memory, ROM memory, EEPROM memory,
?ash memory, or any combination thereof. The memory 202
receives information to schedule an event to be triggered in
the future. Included in this information is an event to be
triggered and a desired state the terminal should have transi
tioned to When triggering the event. This information is pref
erably entered by the user, but could also be provided in other
EDGE, etc. The terminal comprises a processor 107, memory
antenna 121. Connected to the radio communication netWork
105 is a controller 123. The details regarding hoW these units
communicate are knoWn to a person skilled in the art and is
therefore not discussed further.
The internal component and softWare structure of a mobile
communication terminal according to an embodiment of the
present invention Will noW be described With reference to
FIG. 2. The mobile terminal has a controller 200 Which is
programs or modules can share use of the controller. Such
multitasking.
103 With a radio communication netWork 105 such as the Well
111, a speaker 113, a display 115 and a keyboard 117. Radio
communication is realized by radio circuitry 119 and an
comprises a processor as Well as local Work and data memory.
FIG. 3 shoWs a ?oWchart of a method according to an
embodiment of the present invention. The execution of the
steps illustrated is preferably executed in a terminal such as
ment of the present invention.
FIG. 1 illustrates schematically a communication terminal
101 in Which the present invention is implemented. The ter
minal 101 is capable of communication via an air interface
prises a series of analog and digital electronic components,
together forming a radio receiver and transmitter.
65
In a desired state step 330, it is determined Whether the
current state of the terminal corresponds to the desired state.
If the terminal is in the desired state, the execution ?oW
continues to step 340, otherWise the execution ?oW goes back
to step 320. The determination is performed, as the skilled
person Will realize, by interaction With other softWare or
hardWare components in the terminal having information
about What operational state the terminal is presently in.
US 7,636,548 B2
6
5
receive scheduling information When said terminal is in
a ?rst operational state, said information specifying
In a trigger event step 340, the event speci?ed in step 310 is
triggered. The action and result of the triggering is, as the
skilled person Will realize, performed With interaction With
other software and hardWare components in the terminal.
This may result, for example, in visual output on the display,
sound output to the speaker or a change in information in
another softWare module.
While the execution described above only refers to one
scheduled event, it is Within the scope of present invention to
that an event in said mobile terminal is to be scheduled
to be triggered When said mobile communication ter
minal has entered a second operational state, and
trigger said event When said mobile communication ter
minal has entered said second operational state
Wherein said ?rst operational state is When at least one
untrusted short range RF device is Within range for a
short range RF transceiver in said terminal, and said
schedule any number of events. On any state transition, any
second operational state is When only trusted short
event or events associated With the neW state Will be triggered.
As a person skilled in the art Will realiZe, the claimed
range RF devices are Within range for said short range
RF transceiver.
invention could just as Well be achieved if the event is trig
gered When carrying out a transition to the desired state itself.
10. The terminal of claim 9 Wherein said ?rst operational
state is When said terminal is radio silent.
11. The terminal of claim 9 Wherein said second state is a
In other Words, in stead of periodically having to check if the
terminal is in the desired state, the transition itself could
trigger any scheduled events.
normal operational mode.
The invention claimed is:
1. A method comprising:
receiving scheduling information in a mobile communica
20
tion terminal When said terminal is in a ?rst operational
state, said information specifying that an event in said
mobile terminal is to be scheduled to be triggered When
said mobile communication terminal has entered a sec
ond operational state, and
of a reminder.
25
triggering said event When said mobile communication
terminal has entered said second operational state
range RF transceiver is a Bluetooth® transceiver and said
short range RF device is a Bluetooth® device.
available in a mobile communication netWork to Which said
state.
30
17. An apparatus comprising
35
40
a transfer of data to or from said terminal.
6. The method according to claim 1, Wherein said event is
activation of a reminder.
45
said terminal connects to When entering said second opera
tional state.
to scan and store available broadcast radio stations.
9. A mobile communication terminal comprising:
a processor; and
a memory coupled to the controller, the memory having
program instructions stored thereon, the program
instructions being con?gured to cause the controller to:
receive scheduling information in a mobile communica
tion terminal When the terminal is in a ?rst operational
state, the information specifying that an event in the
mobile terminal is to be scheduled to be triggered
When the mobile communication terminal has entered
a second operational state; and
trigger the event When the mobile communication ter
minal has entered the second operational state
Wherein said ?rst operational state is When at least one
untrusted short range RF device is Within range for a
short range RF transceiver in said terminal, and said
second operational state is When only trusted short
tion available in a mobile communication netWork to Which
8. The method according to claim 1, Wherein said event is
16. The terminal of claim 9 Wherein said event is to scan
and store available broadcast radio stations.
a controller; and
5. The method according to claim 1, Wherein said event is
7. The method according to claim 1, Wherein said event is
to synchronize a clock in said terminal With timing informa
15. The terminal of claim 9 Wherein said event is to syn
chroniZe a clock in said terminal With timing information
terminal connects to When entering said second operational
Wherein said ?rst operational state is When at least one
untrusted short range RF device is Within range for a
short range RF transceiver in said terminal, and said
second operational state is When only trusted short range
RF devices are Within range for said short range RF
transceiver.
2. The method according to claim 1, Wherein said ?rst
operational state is When said terminal is radio silent.
3. The method according to claim 1, Wherein said second
state is a normal operational mode.
4. The method according to claim 1, Wherein said short
12. The terminal of claim 9 Wherein said short range RF
transceiver is a Bluetooth® transceiver and said short range
RF device is a Bluetooth® device.
13. The terminal of claim 9 Wherein said event is a transfer
of data to or from said terminal.
14. The terminal of claim 9 Wherein said event is activation
50
range RF devices are Within range for said short range
RF transceiver.
18. The apparatus according to claim 17, Wherein the ?rst
operational state is When the terminal is radio silent and the
second state is a normal operational mode.
a memory
Where the processor and memory are con?gured to
*
*
*
*
*
UNITED sTATEs PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE
CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION
PATENT NO.
: 7,636,548 B2
Page 1 of 1
APPLICATION NO. : 11/073407
DATED
: December 22, 2009
INVENTOR(S)
: Kraft et al.
It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent is hereby corrected as shown below:
Title page, item (73); column 1, line I delete “FL” and insert --FI-- therefor.
Column 6, line 32 delete “comprising” and insert --comprising:-- therefor.
Signed and Sealed this
Thirteenth Day of July, 2010
David J. Kappos
Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Of?ce
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