Media composition system with keyboard

Media composition system with keyboard
US007165219B1
(12)
(54)
United States Patent
(10) Patent N0.:
Peters et a].
(45) Date of Patent:
MEDIA COMPOSITION SYSTEM WITH
KEYBOARD-BASED EDITING CONTROLS
5,237,648 A *
5,598,527 A
Joseph H_ Rice, Arlington, MA (Us)
*
_
6,118,444 A
9/2000 Garmon et al. ........... .. 345/723
_
OTHER PUBLICATIONS
_
_
Manual”), 1990, Mitsubishi Corporation, pp. l-2.*
“A Sound Editor’s Guide to Lightworks Editing Systems,” John
Patent 15 eXIeIl e
Portnoy et al, 1st Edition, Lightworks Editing Systems, 1996.
(21)
Appl. N0.: 09/645,871
(22)
Filed:
01‘ a Juste
1111 el‘
“Avid/l Media Composer User Manual Books I & II Beta Version”
Avid Technology, Inc. 1989.
“Avid/l Media Composer User Manual Book III Beta Version” Avid
Technology, Inc. 1989.
“Avid/l Media Composer User’s Guide Version 2.0” Avid Tech
nology, Inc. 1990.
“CMX 6000 Disk-Based Audio And Video Editing System,” C.
Aug. 23, 2000
Related US. Application Data
(63)
_
_
_
Hardman, International Broadcast Engineer, vol. 18, p. 37, Mar.
Contlnuatlon of appllcatlon No. 09/489,330, ?led on
Jan. 21, 2000, noW abandoned, Which is a continua
tion of application No. 08/ 873,577, ?led on Jun. 12,
1987,
1997, noW Pat. No. 6,018,337, Which is a continua-
P .
.
.
(Continued)
.
.
y’
g
.
.
’
'
Int. Cl.
_
G113 27/00
(200601)
g
_
Method and apparatus for selectlng samples for presentatlon
(52) us. Cl. .................................................... .. 715/716
Field of Classi?cation Search .............. ..
345/773,
345/168 812 163 716 723 731 590 620
on an ou
u
ev1ce, suc as a ls a or s ea er, rom a
Se uencetgftsired
me(11:15am l‘ispsluzh as gudli‘o orfvideo
.
q
.
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.
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.
.
lnformatlon. Posltlon lnformatlon ls recelved from a polnt
345/621 ’623 ’624 ’725_’ 715’/837’ 835’ 840’
ing device, such as a mouse, and translated into direction and
715/84é 716 72g 815 831 723’ 773’ 731’
magnitude information. A second sample is then retrieved
.
(56)
.
Assistant ExamineriThanh Vu
(74) Anome A em or FirmiK?stofer E Elbin
ofapplication NO. 07/866,829, ?led On Apr. 10, 1992,
(58)
.
rlmary ExammeriKrlstlne Klncald
non of appllcatlon No. 08/045,646, ?led on Apr. 9,
1993,noW abandoned, Which is acontinuation-in-part
(51)
345/726
subleqw any (3115312111116; the fiermdof?glg
U.S.C. 154(1)) by 1381 days.
_
Lambourne et al. ...... .. 345/716
9/2000 Sumiyoshi et al.
Mitsubishi, Installation and Operation Manual (“Mitsubishi Owner
_
( ) Nonce:
11/1999
6,115,037 A :
(73) Assignee: Avid Technology, Inc., TeWksbury, MA
(Us)
Jan. 16, 2007
8/1993 Mills et al. ............... .. 345/723
l/l997 Debrus et al. ...... ..
345/173
5,995,093 A *
(75) Inventors: Eric C_ Peters, Carlisle, MA (Us);
US 7,165,219 B1
’
based on this position and magnitude information. This
See appl1cat10n ?le for Complete Search hlstory'
References Cited
.
’
’
’
’
’
.’
method may be used to implement jog or shuttle controls for
a media composer, Which may be provided With simulated
“inertia” for ease of use.
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
5,202,961 A *
4/1993
Mills et al. ............... .. 345/720
52 Claims, 8 Drawing Sheets
US 7,165,219 B1
Page 2
OTHER PUBLICATIONS
“CMX 6000” (4-page product brochure), Mar. 1988.
“CMX 6000” (S-page product brochure), Mar. 1987.
“Lightworks Operating Manual,” Issue 1, O.L.E. Limited, Jan.
“Video Editing and Post-Production: A Professional Guide”, 2nd
edition, Gary H. Anderson, Knowledge Industry Publications, Inc.,
1988, pp. 61-84.
“Videotape Editing, A Postproduction Primer”, 2nd edition, Steven
1992.
E. Browne, Focal Press, 1993, pp. 3-12, 189-197.
“The CMX 6000 Manual Supplement,” Version 2.2, Michael Rubin,
Jun. 1, 1989.
“User’s Guide for the EMC2 Digital Editor Version 4.00” Editing
Machines Corporation, 1992.
“User’s Guide: 1, Editing on the Media Composer,” Avid Technol
ogy, Inc., 1991.
“Harry Operator’s Manual Reference (2003-57-008 A)”, Quantel
Limited, 1990.
“Technical Manual for Universal 6/8 Editing Table”, KEM
Elektronik Mechanik GMBH (applies at least in part to systems
delivered in 1972).
“User’s Guide: 2, Advancing Editing,” Avid Technology, Inc., 1991.
“Video Tape Editing Systems,” International Broadcast Engineer,
vol. 19, No. 22, p. 44-46, 48, Dec. 1988.
* cited by examiner
U.S. Patent
Jan. 16, 2007
Sheet 1 0f 8
US 7,165,219 B1
U.S. Patent
Jan. 16, 2007
Sheet 2 0f 8
US 7,165,219 B1
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Sheet 3 0f 8
US 7,165,219 B1
I
DETERMINE CURRENT POSITION
I
USING COARSE TIMELINE
CONTROL
PRESENT FURTHER SAMPLE ON
OUTPUT DEVICE
I
‘
PRESENT FIRST SAMPLE
RESPOND To A USER
COMMAND TO DEFINE
ARBITRARY MOUSE POSITION
TO ACT AS STARTING POINT
‘
RECEIVE POSmON
FOR SHUTTLE CONTROL
INFORMATION FROM POINTING
DEVICE
‘
RECEIVE MODE CHANGE
?
I
COMMAND
TRANSLATE
RECEIVED POSITION
I
INFORMATION
TRANSLATE POSITION
INDICATED BY POINTING
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?
DEVICE INTO SAMPLE POSITION
T
WITHIN THE SEQUENCE To
RETRIEVE FURTHER SAMPLE AT
POSITION IN SEQUENCE OFFSET
|MPLEMENT 10c, CONTROL
BY AMOUNT RELATED TO
I
POSITION INFORMATION AND
IN DIRECTION INDICATED BY
DIRECTION INFORMATION
Fig. 3
U.S. Patent
Jan. 16, 2007
US 7,165,219 B1
Sheet 4 0f 8
I
ENTER SHUTTLE MODE TO USE
SHUTTLE CONTROL
PERFORM EDITING FUNCTIONS
IN RESPONSE TO KEY-BASED
COMMANDS AND POSITION OF
POSITIONING DEVICE
II
EXIT SHUTTLE MODE IN
IV
RESPONSE TO A COMMAND '
RECEIVE MODE CHANGE
FOR FUNCTION THAT IS NOT
COMPATIBLE WITH SHUTTLE
MODE
COMMAND IMOUSE OR
I
Fig.4
KEYBOARD) TO ENTER SHUTTLE
MODE
I
PERFORM SHUTTLE
OPERATIONS WHILE IN SHUTTLE
MODE
EXIT SHUTTLE MODE IN
RESPONSE TO EXIT COMMAND
(KEYBOARD OR MOUSEI
Fig. 5
U.S. Patent
Jan. 16, 2007
Sheet 5 0f 8
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US 7,165,219 B1
Sheet 6 0f 8
a: MOTION EFFECT PARAMETERS
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US 7,165,219 B1
1
2
MEDIA COMPOSITION SYSTEM WITH
KEYBOARD-BASED EDITING CONTROLS
shuttle controls for a media composition system, which may
be provided with simulated “inertia” for ease of use.
A media composition system according to the invention
has the advantage of convenience and e?iciency for the user.
CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED
APPLICATIONS
The user may perform composition operations using the
pointing device and, without removing his or her hand from
This application is a continuation of Ser. No. 09/489,330,
Jan. 21, 2000 now abandoned, which is a continuation of
the pointing device, move to the next location on the
medium to be composed. The user may also do so without
looking at a control screen at all; he or she need only look
at the material to be composed. These capabilities are
Ser. No. 08/873,577, Jun. 12, 1997, US. Pat. No. 6,018,337,
which is a continuation of Ser. No. 08/045,646, Apr. 9, 1993
now abandoned, which is a continuation-in-part of Ser. No.
provided inexpensively in a commonly-available pointing
07/866,829, Apr. 10, 1992, US. Pat. No. 5,355,450, all of
which are herein incorporated by reference.
device, which may already be a part of the user’s composing
system. Also, the added inertia in both jog and shuttle
modes, and playback speed limit in shuttle mode may
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
prevent the user from getting lost in the material to be
composed.
The invention relates to the display of sequentially stored
samples under the control of a pointer and/ or keyboard, and
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
more particularly, to the use of a mouse and/or keyboard as
a jog or shuttle control for computer-based video and audio
together with other and further objects, advantages and
capabilities thereof, reference is made to the accompanying
drawings, which are incorporated herein by reference and in
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
It is known to provide on a media player, such as a video
25
allows the operator of the media player to adjust the speed
of the player in either a forward or reverse direction. A jog
control allows the user to move in forward and reverse
30
basis. Examples of prior art jog and shuttle controls include
FIG. 4 is another exemplary ?owchart illustrating opera
function when pressed upon axially or when another switch
tion of a workstation portion such as the one shown in FIGS.
is pressed.
35
1 and 2;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of another media compo
sition system;
40
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the motion e?‘ects screen;
FIGS. 8a and 8b are schematic illustrations of the tran
sition e?‘ects screen;
FIG. 9 is an illustration of a keyboard layout; and
FIG. 10 is a perspective view of the mechanical user
45
interface according to the invention.
three presses will cause shuttling to take place at triple the
shuttling speed. The central button is a stop button, and
In computer-based media composition systems, a visual
representation of a shuttle or jog control may be displayed
and manipulated with a mouse. For example, an image of a
slider or a ?lm strip may be presented to the user. The user
may then click on the slider with the mouse and drag the
1 and 2;
FIG. 5 is a further exemplary ?owchart illustrating opera
tion of a workstation portion such as the one shown in FIGS.
in proportional increases in shuttling speed. For example,
when it is held down, the outer buttons act as forward and
reverse jog controls.
a workstation portion such as the one shown in FIGS. 1 and
2;
levers, knobs, concentric knobs, and knobs that change
A common system is a three-button system, in which the
user places three of his or her ?ngers on three buttons. The
outer two ?ngers control the forward and reverse shuttle
operations, which are much like fast forward scan and
rewind scan buttons on a video tape recorder, except that
multiple presses on the outer buttons in shuttle mode result
which:
FIG. 1 presents a media composing workstation portion of
a media composing system according to the invention;
FIG. 2 is a system block diagram of the media composing
system of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an exemplary ?owchart illustrating operation of
tape recorder, a jog and/or shuttle knob. A shuttle knob
directions through the medium on a still frame by frame
For a better understanding of the present invention,
20
composition.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED
EMBODIMENT
50
Referring to FIG. 1, an exemplary media composition
slider to perform either shuttle or jog operations. For
workstation according to the invention includes a computer
example, the Quantel Harry system, available from Quantel
output system 12 and computer input system 14. The output
Systems, Inc. of England, uses this type of metaphor.
Generally, however, these systems require the user to be
system may include one or more computer monitors 16 and
one or more speakers 18. The input device may include a
keyboard 20 and a pointing device 22, such as a mouse with
one or more buttons 32. The display presented to the user on
the monitor may be divided into a window 24 for variable
watching the screen so that they may locate the mouse
pointer in a proper position on the slider.
55
presentation on an output device, such as a display or
speed playback, on-screen scrub controls 26, a timeline
display 28, and a timeline position indicator 30.
Referring to FIG. 2, a media composing system 40
according to the invention may also comprise a mouse/ scrub
speaker, from a sequence of stored media samples, such as
audio or video information. Position information is received
from a pointing device, such as a mouse, and translated into
control module 42, a player module 44, a timeline module
46, and storage 48. The mouse/ scrub control module is
connected to the keyboard via a data path 50 and to the
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
In general, the invention features selecting samples for
direction and magnitude information. A second sample is
then retrieved based on this position and magnitude infor
mation. This method may be used to implement jog or
60
65
pointing device by another data path 52. The player module
44 is connected to the mouse/scrub control module via a
further data path 54.
US 7,165,219 B1
3
4
The player module is also connected to receive informa
tion from the storage 48 via a bus 56, Which may comprise
several data lines 64, 66, 68. These data lines may be
dedicated to different synchronized media channels, such as
video and audio channels, The bus 56 is further routed to the
timeline module 46, Which also receives data from the player
module via a data path 53. The player module may provide
information to the moving picture WindoW 24 via a picture
or ?lm sequences. If a user desires to perform a composing
operation on a particular scene he, or she may move the
pointer 34 on the screen using the mouse and click on the
portion of the timeline Which shoWs the representative scene
indicating the location at Which the edit is to be performed.
This is a relatively rough operation as computer displays
Will generally only alloW display of a relatively loW number
of images on a timeline at a meaningful siZe. Once the user
information path 60, and may provide synchronized sound
has located a rough location for the edit using the timeline
position indicator, he or she may perform more precise jog
and shuttle operations. To do so, the operator may use the
information to the speaker via a sound information data path
62. The timeline module supplies information to the timeline
display 28 via a timeline information path 70.
It is observed that the routing of data and information may
differ from the block diagram in an actual implementation.
pointing device to click on the on-screen controls 26 or may
press a key 21 on the keyboard 20. This operation puts the
Workstation in shuttle mode. In this mode, When the user
moves the mouse to the left, the Workstation begins moving
through the stored sequence of images at a rate determined
by the distance through Which the user has moved the
For example, the moving picture WindoW and timeline
display may be displayed on the same monitor and therefore
share a data line. The pointer data might also be routed
through the keyboard on its Way to the mouse/ scrub module
or the keyboard might not be needed at all. Furthermore, the
invention herein is applicable to composition operations on
20
ment. Conversely, moving the mouse to the right Will cause
the sequence of images to be moved through in a forWard
direction in a forWard shuttle operation.
sound alone, and therefore the displays may not be neces
sary. Alternatively, the operations may be performed on
images alone, making speakers unnecessary.
The pointing device 22 may be one of several general
purpose pointing devices available for computers. It may be
25
a mouse supporting one or more buttons 32, or it may be a
trackball, a light pen, a digitiZing pad, touch pad, touch
screen or the like. These types of pointing devices are
commonly used to position a cursor on a screen of a
computer system, or to receive position dependent data, such
as that generated in a manual digitiZing operation.
A system according to the invention may be developed
using a variety of types of computer systems. In one
embodiment, an Apple Macintosh and the “C” computer
language Were used, but naturally the invention should not
be read to be limited to this particular platform. The mouse/
scrub control module, player module, and timeline module
may be implemented in softWare and/or hardWare and may
30
35
a scaling constant. The sign of this difference may be used
determine hoW sensitive the shuttle operation Will be.
40
45
“VIDEO AND AUDIO TRANSMISSION SYSTEM AND
METHOD”, US. Pat. No. 5,045,940, issued Sep. 3, 1991,
herein incorporated by reference.
50
composition information, such as editing and special effect
information. The images may be stored in compressed form,
alloWing more images to be stored in a given amount of
space. The sequences of images and sound are generally
related in time much like the tracks of a multiple track type
55
recording. For example, the storage may provide multiple
special effects generation, dubbing operations, or the like.
The composition to be Worked on is displayed in an outline
representative pictures for image information such as video
moving the mouse at a high rate of speed, such as by
accidentally knocking the mouse across the desk.
Furthermore, in shuttle mode, “inertia” is added to the
embodiment this is done by responding to changes in mouse
position by providing a smaller corresponding change in
speed to the player module and gradually increasing that
change in speed to the full change in speed indicated by the
Composition operations may include editing operations,
include Waveforms for sound information, or a series of
directly applied to the player module as commands. The
direction information represents the direction of playback
for the player module, and the magnitude information rep
resents the speed of playback. These relayed commands
directly cause the player module to display the sequences of
images and/or sounds on the display at the appropriate rate.
In the shuttle mode, the system limits the maximum
forWard or reverse speed to three-times the sound speed (the
sound speed is the speed at Which a video sequence is played
Where the sound is played at the proper speed). This speed
limiting feature prevents the user from getting lost by
in mouse position are moderated over a short period. In one
60
user interacts With the Workstation portion of the system 10.
format in the timeline display. This outline format may
The direction and magnitude information can be trans
formed in this operation into numerical values/Which can be
operation of the control. Rather than supplying information
about mouse position changes directly to the player, changes
logical connections including one or more for picture infor
mation 64, one or more for sound information 66, and one
or more for composition information 68.
Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, in composing material, the
X-coordinate of the current position of the mouse subtracted
from the X-coordinate of the position of the mouse When the
as the direction information. The value of the constant Will
speed, high capacity internal magnetic hard disk drive. For
Storage 48 contains one or more sequences of image
and/or sound samples, and may also contain a sequence of
tion is then translated by the mouse/scrub control module
into direction and magnitude information, Which is trans
ferred to the player module.
mode Was entered, With this difference being multiplied by
includes these features. The storage may include a high
further information on computer-based media storage and
playback of video and audio information, see Peters et al.,
The system 40 performs this shuttle operation by ?rst
obtaining position information from the pointing device
through the data path 52. This operation may be performed
by directly accessing the hardWare associated With the
pointing device, or by retrieving a coordinate stored by the
computer’s operating system. This mouse position informa
The magnitude information may be represented by the
or may not be contained Within the computer system. A
softWare package entitled “Avid Media Composer®”, avail
able from Avid Technology, Inc. of TeWksbury, Mass.
mouse. This corresponds to a reverse shuttle operation,
Which may analogiZed to scan reWinding a video tape at a
variable rate, With the rate dependent on the mouse displace
mouse. For example, if the user Were to double the distance
65
of the mouse from its starting position, the mouse scrub
control module might convey a 50% increase to the player
module, folloWed closely by a 75% increase, and then a 90%
US 7,165,219 B1
5
6
increase, and ?nally a 100% increase. It has been found that
one of the video display devices such as the CRT display
this inertia enhances the ease of use and ef?ciency of use of
112. Typically digitiZed source material Would be displayed
the apparatus.
at a location 126 and edited material at a location 128 on the
In shuttle mode, the system also has a small threshold
value below Which no shuttle operation takes place. This
display 112.
The improved media composition system of the invention
prevents the player from playing back at extremely sloW
alloWs the user to pre-visualiZe motion effects by creating
clips and media ?les Which display the requested effect. The
speeds Which are of little use and are sometimes found to be
uncomfortable to the user. Values on the order of a 1%
neW clip can be used like any other chipiit can be trimmed,
threshold have been found to be satisfactory.
extracted, overWritten, used in dissolves and Wipes, etci
The user may also use a jog mode for the Workstation. Jog
and its media can be manipulated as any other, that is, it can
be deleted, consolidated, and even back digitiZed. The neW
motion e?fect clips are video only. The start time code is Zero
mode is similarly controlled by the position of the mouse,
but advances from still frame to still frame Within the
hour regardless of the time code of the original clip. Motion
sequence of images, rather than adjusting the speed of
playback of the images. In jog mode, the distance the mouse
travels from its starting point relates to the offset Within the
effects can be created from master clips and subclips, but not
from other motion e?fect clips. There is a delay as the media
composition system creates neW media ?les. Motion effects
are organiZed into three related features: variable speed,
?t-to-?ll, and strobe motion. These features are accessed
sequence of frames betWeen the current position and the
position to be displayed.
To enter jog mode from shuttle mode, the user may simply
press and hold the mouse button 32. This stops the action in
the display WindoW and subsequent motion of the mouse
Will constitute jogging operations. Other methods for enter
ing the jogging mode are possible, such as keyboard keys 21.
Similarly, the user may exit the jog mode by one of these
methods, or by double clicking on the mouse button 32.
Releasing the mouse button While in jog mode Will return the
through a single command in a source menu. A Motion
20
effect even before the OK function 136 is clicked on. The
dial 134 normally rotates at one revolution per second.
When the operator enters values for an effect and clicks on
25
user to shuttle mode, and With the current mouse position as
the starting position at Zero play speed.
In the jog mode, the mouse scrub control module receives
position information from the pointing device and translates
it into a different kind of direction and magnitude informa
tion. The mouse scrub control module constantly monitors
the mouse and performs velocity calculations based on the
position information of the mouse over time. The resulting
velocity information may be supplied directly to the player
module, after it is adjusted by a constant. By making the
30
parameters is entered, the media composition system imme
35
and enter 50% fps, the media composition system Will
immediately shoW tWo seconds as the duration and 15 fps as
the play rate of the neW clip. One speci?es reverse motion
40
regular during a jog operation.
45
of the Workstation operations and prevents the user from
getting lost. Also, the user or system designer may adjust the
constants determining the sensitivity of the jog and shuttle
controls and the inertia, threshold and maximum speeds in
customiZe the “feel” of the Workstation.
With reference to FIG. 6 another media composition
system 110 includes a pair of CRT displays 112 and 114 and
an audio output device 116 Which may include tWo speakers.
The video displays 112 and 114 and the audio transducer 116
are controlled by a computer 118. It is preferred that the
computer 118 be a Macintosh from Apple Computer Cor
noted that When the operator asks for sloW motion, the media
composition system creates a clip in Which each frame is
duplicated a proportionate number of times. Similarly, When
one asks the media composition system for fast motion, it
creates a clip in Which some portion of the source frames
50
have been deleted. When these clips are played, the motion
may appear jerky since the media composition system is not
synthesiZing a smoothed series of frames. This effect is
especially likely With material transferred from ?lm.
The ?t-to-?ll option alloWs one to have the media com
55
position system calculate the motion e?fect required to ?ll a
speci?c duration in a sequence With a speci?c duration from
the source. The ?t-to-?ll check box 138 is bold only When
the operator has marked an IN and OUT in both monitors
126 and 128 or the four marks are implied by the location of
the position control. Given these values for the source
poration designated as 11K, 1161-, II?C or Quadra 900. Disk
storage apparatus 120 communicates With the computer 118.
Disk storage 120 includes one to seven disks for media
by entering an negative rate or percent speed. When the
operator clicks on OK, the media composition system cre
ates a neW clip and video/media ?le for the appropriate effect
and loads this clip into the source monitor 112. It should be
It is noted that the timeline moves during both jog and
shuttle operation and that this provides feedback to the user
the shuttle mode. This alloWs the user or designer to
diately calculates and displays the values for the other tWo
parameters. For example, if one marks a one second piece
manner similar to that disclosed above in connection With
in these operations. This feedback enhances the ease of use
PREVIEW, the dial rotates at the neW appropriate speed. In
this Way, the previeW dial Works as a metronome to give the
operator a feel for the pace or rhythm of the effect.
ForWard and reverse variable speed effects Will noW be
discussed. First of all, the operator opens a clip in the source
monitor 112 and marks an IN and an OUT, and chooses
motion effects from the monitor 114 command menu. The
operator then enters any one of three parameters: duration,
play rate (in fps), or percent speed. When any one of these
speed of the player proportional to that of the mouse, the
player module Will track the mouse position.
Inertia may also be added to the jog operations in a
the shuttle mode. This is particularly useful in connection
With sound information, as it makes sound playback more
Effects command opens a dialog box illustrated in FIG. 7. A
previeW dial 134 alloWs the operator to pre-visualiZe the
60
(current) and target (new) durations, the media composition
storage. The disks may be optical or magnetic. The system
system calculates the necessary rate in percent speed of the
110 is controlled by a keyboard 122 and a mechanical user
interface 124 to be described in more detail herein.
In operation, video and audio source material is received
motion e?fect. One may accept these or enter one’s oWn
by the system 110, digitiZed and stored in the disk storage
device 120. The computer 118 is programmed so that the
digitiZed source material may be edited and displayed on
values. Once the media composition system has created a
65
neW clip, one can overWrite or splice it into the sequence.
Strobe motion is a type of motion effect in Which one
frame is held for a speci?c duration and then the next for the
same duration and so on. When one opens a clip in the
US 7,165,219 B1
7
8
source monitor, mark an IN and an OUT, and select strobe
motion 140 in the motion effects dialog box. The operator
forward, Play (the 5 and Back Quote Keys) to shuttle at 30
fps, K (or click a mouse button) to pause (Zero speed), I to
must ?ll in the n in “update every n frames” 142. The new
clip will have the same duration as the current one but only
Mode. Hit L twice to shuttle at 60 fps, thrice to shuttle at 90
shuttle backward, and the Space Bar to exit the Shuttle
every nth frame is displayed. A Remake E?fects command
recreates dissolve media ?les and includes all motion effects.
As with transition effects it is only possible to recreate
motion e?fect media ?les when the original source media is
online. When the operator batch digitiZes a sequence which
includes motion effects, the effects are automatically recre
ated at the end of the process. Motion effects are represented
fps. Hit J twice for —60 and thrice for —90. While shuttling
at Zero speed, either full-screen or normal, many of the
keyboard functions are active. It is possible to step through
the program, clear marks, use both kinds of audio scrub (see
below), go to the next or previous edit, show safe titles, etc.
If the media composition system cannot do the function and
remain in Shuttle Mode, the mode is dropped and the
function performed. Toggling between source and record is
correctly in all supported edit decision list (EDL) formats
with the following caveat: It may not be possible to express
accurately the media composition system motion effect in an
EDL because the format may limit the precision with which
percent speed can be expressed to whole numbers or one
an example of such an operation. In one embodiment of the
present invention, jog shuttling may be performed, with a
result which is similar to that obtained using mechanical jog
shuttle controls in connection with video tape recorders.
With digitiZed images being played, a mouse or similar input
device can provide control for jog shuttling. Jog mode
begins when an operator pressed a button. While the button
decimal place and the media composition system is not
likewise limited. In this case, the media composition system
appropriately truncates the rate or percent speed in the EDL
and generates a comment which indicates the true rate or 20 is depressed, movement of the mouse in one direction or
percent speed. With the exception of freeZe ?ames, motion
effects are ignored by auto-assembly. Auto-assembly edits
video from an original clip at 30 frames per second, starting
at the edit inpoint and ?lling the duration of the effect.
The media composition system of the invention o?fers
another determines the speed of shuttling, or of playback.
That is, the position of the mouse when the button is
depressed is used as a reference position. With a relationship
de?ned between position and playing speed, the further the
25
wipes as a transition effect. Wipes are accessed through a
Transition Effect command. This command opens a dialog
box 144 (FIG. 8a) which allows the user to choose in a
pop-up menu between the two transition effects: dissolve
and wipe. When wipe is selected, the operator can choose a
faster video is played back in a given direction. For example,
movement of the mouse to the right increases the forward
playing speed. If the mouse is returned to the reference
30
pattern from a menu of sixteen choices 146 (displayed
system is a pitch change audio scrub feature. When the
FIG. 8b. Forward means that the outgoing clip is represented
by the white in the pattern from the menu 146 and the
the operator chooses dissolve or wipe, the duration must be
entered in frames, its start relative to the transition (starting,
centered, ending, or offset) and a target drive for the media
?les.
The effect can be viewed only after the media composition
system creates a media ?le for the speci?ed wipe or dissolve.
operator shuttles through footage, smooth, continuous audio
will be produced at the corresponding speed. That is, pitch
35
40
speaker icon for that track. The icon becomes an outline.
Smooth scrub is available whenever the operator is shut
tling, using either the mouse or the shuttle control (beneath
the Play button on a keyboard discussed below) to determine
the shuttle speed.
Keyboard layout is shown in FIG. 9 and the function of
45
transition effects. As with motion effects, it is only possible
the keys is set forth in Table 1. The keyboard 122 is
augmented by the mechanical user interface 124. The
mechanical user interface 124 is shown in more detail in
FIG. 10. The interface 124 includes a track ball 150 and a
to recreate transition e?fect media ?les when the original
source media is online. For example, media for both the
speed controller 152. As with a mouse, the track ball 150
incoming and outgoing clip must be online for the media
composition system to recreate the dissolve between them.
When a sequence which includes transition effects is digi
tiZed, the effects are automatically recreated at the end of the
process. All wipes are expressed correctly in all EDL for
mats. A dialog box from the EDL Tool allows one to specify
50
the appropriate pattern number for each wipe pattern. The
55
may be used to locate a cursor on the monitors. Buttons 154
and 156 serve functions like those provided by the click
button on a mouse. It is preferred that the speed control 152
have detents for Zero speed normal forward speed (30
frames per second) and a reverse normal speed. It is also
table of numbers and patterns is stored in a ?le which can be
moved from one media composition system to another. It is
not, however, possible to save and choose among several
different sets of values. The present media composition
system will also allow the operator to Zoom to full-screen
will vary with the speed as with an analog tape. This feature
is available for one track only. Designate the track for
smooth scrub by option clicking (or double clicking) on the
These e?fect ?les will be created, deleted, and recreated in
exactly the same way dissolve media ?les have been in
earlier versions. The Remake E?fects command includes all
position, playing stops. As the mouse is moved to the left,
the reverse playing speed increases.
An important aspect of the present media composition
graphically) and a directioniforward or reverse as shown in
incoming by the black (actually blue). Reverse means the
incoming is represented by the white. Regardless of whether
operator moves the mouse from the reference position, the
preferred that the speed control 152 be spring loaded to
return to the Zero speed position. It is contemplated that
additional buttons 158 be provided so that a user may
program their functionality.
TABLE 1
60
mode from any monitor (source, record, pop-up) by pressing
the quote key. All keyboard equivalents function in full
Function
USB
(y/n)
Keyboard
Equivalent
Notes
3
4
1
2
motion
motion
motion
motion
screen mode. The one exception is that one cannot use Trim
Mode while in full-screen play.
The media composition system of the present invention
allows the operator to enter a mode in which a mouse
controller can be used as a shuttle control. Hit L to shuttle
65
l-Fralne Back
l-Fralne Forward
lO-Fralne Back
lO-Fralne Forward
control
control
control
control
button
button
button
button
US 7,165,219 B1
Function
9
10
TABLE l-continued
the mouse button. The location within the clip is then stored.
Second, a point in the source material is identi?ed in a
similar manner. Third, the size of the source information is
USB
(y/n)
Keyboard
Equivalent
A1 track on/off
A2 track on/off
9
0
A3 track on/off
—
speci?ed, for example, by using IN and OUT markers. These
steps may, in fact, be performed in any order, which may be
de?ned by the programmer of the computer. After these
Notes
A4 track on/off
=
track
track
track
track
activate source/record
ESCAPE
moved from * on
monitor
selector
selector
selector
selector
three steps are completed, the source information is over
written in the destination, or record, information, by placing
location. Such sync point editing may be performed with any
combination of audio and video clips. Typically, it is per
numeric keypad
All Stop
SPACE BAR
Clear IN
Clear OUT
Clear Marks
Y
Y
Y
D
F
G
Copy to Clipboard
Y
C
Exit Mouse Shuttle
Extract
Fast Forward
Y
SPACE BAR
X
U
Find Frame
Y
[
Go to IN
Y
Q
Go to OUT
Go to Prev Edit
Goto Next Edit
Y
Y
Y
W
A
S
Full Screen on/off
'
Graphics track on/off
7
Lift
Y
Z
Mark Clip
Mark IN
Y
Y
T
E, I
Mark OUT
Y
R, O
Minus 10 Frames
M
Minus 1 Frame
<
formed to synchronize recorded sound to an event in a video
deck control function
mode toggle
20
Y
Pause
two equivalents for
convenience
two equivalents for
convenience
Trim Mode ?anctioni
trim buttons
25
audio material is removed from one end of an audio segment
from a clip, source material from the original audio clip is
Trim Mode ?anctioni
30
Y
5.
except in Trim Mode;
control function
moved from Tab. The
big Play button can be
con?gured as Play IN to
is stored. Thus, the synchronization of subsequent clips is
maintained.
35
6
see Play
Plus 1 Frame
>
Trim Mode ?anctioni
Plus 10 Frames
/
Rewind
Y
Safe Title/Action
Y
Y
Shuttle Back
Shuttle Forward
trim buttons
Trim Mode ?anctioni
trim buttons
deck control function
invention, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that
various changes and modi?cations may be made therein
without departing from the scope of the invention as de?ned
40
by the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A video editing system, comprising:
]
1
mouse shuttle and deck
L
control function
except in Trim Mode;
mouse shuttle and deck
a random access computer readable medium for storing
video information in one or more data ?les in a com
45
puter ?le system;
control function
a display;
a standard alphanumeric keyboard;
computing apparatus operative in response to user input to
Slip Left (1 frame)
Y
Slip Left (10 frames)
Slip Right (1 frame)
Y
Slip Right (10 frames)
Splice
<
M
>
7
V
except
except
except
except
Trim Both
Trim Incoming
Trim Outgoing
Video track on/off
Delete Clip/Sequence
L
;
K
8
DELETE
only in Trim Mode
only in Trim Mode
only in Trim Mode
track selector
opens delete dialog box
(from a bin)
While there have been shown and described what are at
present considered the preferred embodiments of the present
OUT or Shuttle Forward
Play IN to OUT
added to the other end of the segment so as to maintain the
length of the audio segment. The source material can readily
be retrieved from the memory location or disk on which it
mouse shuttle and deck
Play
tion between a series of video clips and corresponding audio
clips when transitions between clips are trimmed. In prior art
systems, when an audio clip was trimmed, i.e., made shorter,
subsequent clips became out of synchronization with their
corresponding video clips. In the present system, when
B
K
clip. The operator may then turn PHANTOM marks on in
the media composition system window to see how the
PHANTOM marks behave in relation to the position control
in the record monitor 128. With SPE off, the system uses the
current position as the IN; with SPE on, the current position
is the sync point. It should be noted that one can mark the
IN and OUT in the record monitor 128 instead of the source
monitor 126.
Another aspect of the invention is slip-sync editing. This
kind of editing typically refers to maintaining synchroniza
track selector
trim buttons
Overwrite
the identi?ed source location at the speci?ed destination
in
in
in
in
Trim
Trim
Trim
Trim
Mode
Mode
Mode
Mode
perform editing operations on the video information,
50
from Bin menu
information from the one or more data ?les in a source
video window in the display, and operative in response
to user input to display results of the editing operations
on the video information in an edited program window
55
window for display, and operative in response to sig
nals from a set of three keys located right next to each
60
with the position in the other monitor. The operator then
performs an overwrite that preserves that sync relationship.
Sync point editing (SPE) is accessed using the SPE com
mand in the media composition system menu. Sync point
editing is performed in three steps. First, a point is speci?ed
in the destination, or record, clip, for example by placing a
mouse cursor on the displayed frame of the clip and pressing
on the display, and operative in response to a signal
from a key on the standard alphanumeric keyboard to
select one of the source video window and edited video
Yet another aspect of the improved media composition
system is sync point editing which allows the operator to
specify a position in one monitor that is desired to be in sync
and operative in response to user input to display video
other on one horizontal row in the standard alphanu
meric keyboard to control shuttling of playback of the
video information from the one or more data ?les in the
selected window at a shuttle speed and in a shuttle
65
direction, such that a ?rst of the three keys is for
forward shuttling, a second of the three keys is for
pausing, a third of the three keys is for reverse shut
tling, and wherein:
US 7,165,219 B1
11
12
the second key is right between the ?rst and third keys,
display at a shuttle speed and in a shuttle direction, such
that a ?rst of the three keys is for forWard shuttling, a
second of the three keys is for pausing, a third of the
three keys is for reverse shuttling, and Wherein:
a ?rst actuation of the ?rst key in a paused condition
causes images of the video material to be presented
to the user at a ?rst forWard shuttle speed,
a second actuation of the ?rst key, after the ?rst
the second key is right betWeen the ?rst and third keys,
actuation of the ?rst key and While images of the
a ?rst actuation of the ?rst key in a paused condition
causes images of the video material to be presented
video material are presented to the user at a ?rst
forWard shuttle speed, causes a change in forWard
to the user at a ?rst forWard shuttle speed,
shuttle speed from the ?rst forWard shuttle speed to
a predetermined second forWard shuttle speed the is
faster than the ?rst forWard shuttle speed,
a ?rst actuation of the third key in the paused condition
causes images of the video material to be presented
a second actuation of the ?rst key, after the ?rst
actuation of the ?rst key and While images of the
video material are presented to the user at a ?rst
forWard shuttle speed, causes a change in forWard
shuttle speed from the ?rst forWard shuttle speed to
a predetermined second forWard shuttle speed the is
faster than the ?rst forWard shuttle speed,
a ?rst actuation of the third key in the paused condition
causes images of the video material to be presented
to the user at a predetermined ?rst reverse shuttle
speed,
a second actuation of the third key, after the ?rst
actuation of the third key and While images of the
video material are presented to the user at a ?rst
reverse shuttle speed, causes a change in reverse
shuttle speed from the ?rst reverse shuttle speed to a
to the user at a predetermined ?rst reverse shuttle
speed,
20
actuation of the third key and While images of the
predetermined second reverse shuttle speed that is
faster than the ?rst reverse shuttle speed, and
a ?rst actuation of the second key after the ?rst or
second actuations of the ?rst key or after the ?rst or
second actuations of the third key causes the video
video material are presented to the user at a ?rst
reverse shuttle speed, causes a change in reverse
shuttle speed from the ?rst reverse shuttle speed to a
25
material to be paused.
2. The video editing system of claim 1, Wherein the
change in the shuttle speed is in increments corresponding to
predetermined second reverse shuttle speed that is
faster than the ?rst reverse shuttle speed, and
a ?rst actuation of the second key after the ?rst or
second actuations of the ?rst key or after the ?rst or
second actuations of the third key causes the video
a frame per second rate of the source.
3. The video editing system of claim 2, Wherein the
a second actuation of the third key, after the ?rst
disposed in a standard keyboard layout, and Wherein the ?rst
material to be paused.
8. The computer system of claim 7, Wherein the change in
the shuttle speed is in increments corresponding to a frame
of the three keys is a key that corresponds to an “L” key in
per second rate of the video information.
30
standard alphanumeric keyboard has 36 alphanumeric keys
9. The computer system of claim 8, Wherein the standard
a QWERTY keyboard layout, the second of the three keys is
a key that corresponds to a “K” key in a QWERTY keyboard
layout and the third of the three keys is a key that corre
sponds to a “J” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout.
4. The video editing system of claim 3, Wherein the third
35
in a standard keyboard layout, and Wherein the ?rst of the
three keys is a key that corresponds to an “L” key in a
QWERTY keyboard layout, the second of the three keys is
key also bears a label indicative of a reverse shuttling
function, Wherein the second key also bears a label indica
tive of a pause function and Wherein the ?rst key also bears
a label indicative of a forWard shuttling function.
40
5. The video editing system of claim 1, Wherein the
standard alphanumeric keyboard has 36 alphanumeric keys
disposed in a standard keyboard layout, and Wherein the ?rst
of the three keys is a key that corresponds to an “L” key in
alphanumeric keyboard has 36 alphanumeric keys disposed
45
a key that corresponds to a “K” key in a QWERTY keyboard
layout and the third of the three keys is a key that corre
sponds to a “J” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout.
10. The computer system of claim 9, Wherein the third key
also bears a label indicative of a reverse shuttling function,
Wherein the second key also bears a label indicative of a
pause function and Wherein the ?rst key also bears a label
indicative of a forWard shuttling function.
a QWERTY keyboard layout, the second of the three keys is
11. The computer system of claim 7, Wherein the standard
a key that corresponds to a “K” key in a QWERTY keyboard
layout and the third of the three keys is a key that corre
sponds to a “J” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout.
6. The video editing system of claim 5, Wherein the third
alphanumeric keyboard has 36 alphanumeric keys disposed
50
in a standard keyboard layout, and Wherein the ?rst of the
three keys is a key that corresponds to an “L” key in a
55
QWERTY keyboard layout the second of the three keys is a
key that corresponds to a “K” key in a QWERTY keyboard
layout and the third of the three keys is a key that corre
sponds to a “J” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout.
12. The computer system of claim 11, Wherein the third
key also bears a label indicative of a reverse shuttling
function, Wherein the second key also bears a label indica
tive of a pause function and Wherein the ?rst key also bears
a label indicative of a forWard shuttling function.
7. A computer system for playing motion video, compris
key also bears a label indicative of a reverse shuttling
function, Wherein the second key also bears a label indica
tive of a pause function and Wherein the ?rst key also bears
a label indicative of a forWard shuttling function.
ing:
a random access computer readable medium for storing
video information in one or more data ?les in a com
puter ?le system;
60
a standard alphanumeric keyboard; and
video information in one or more data ?les in a com
computing apparatus operative in response to signals from
a set of three keys located right next to each other on
one horizontal roW in the standard alphanumeric key
13. A video editing system, comprising:
a random access computer readable medium for storing
a display;
puter ?le system;
a display;
board to control shuttling of playback of the video
a standard alphanumeric keyboard; and
computing apparatus operative in response to user input to
information from the one or more data ?les on the
perform editing operations on the video information,
65
US 7,165,219 B1
14
13
19. A computer program product for editing video infor
and operative in response to user input to display video
information from the one or more data ?les on the
mation on a computer having a standard alphanumeric
display, and operative in response to signals from a set
keyboard, comprising:
a computer readable medium for storing computer pro
gram code executable by the computer, Wherein the
of three keys located right next to each other on one
horiZontal roW in the standard alphanumeric keyboard
to control shuttling of playback of the video informa
computer program code comprises:
editing code that When executed is responsive to user
tion from the one or more data ?les on the display at a
shuttle speed and in a shuttle direction, such that a ?rst
of the three keys is for forWard shuttling, a second of
the three keys is for pausing, a third of the three keys
is for reverse shuttling, and Wherein:
input to perform editing operations on video informa
tion in one or more data ?les accessible by the com
10
the second key is right betWeen the ?rst and third keys,
a ?rst actuation of the ?rst key in a paused condition
causes images of the video material to be presented
to the user at a ?rst forWard shuttle speed,
5
a second actuation of the ?rst key, after the ?rst
puter;
display code that When executed is responsive to user
input to display the video information from the one or
more data ?les on a display accessible by the computer,
and
control code that When executed is responsive to signals
from a set of three keys located right next to each other
actuation of the ?rst key and While images of the
on one horiZontal roW in the standard alphanumeric
video material are presented to the user at a ?rst
keyboard to control shuttling of playback of the video
information from the one or more data ?les on the
forWard shuttle speed, causes a change in forWard
shuttle speed from the ?rst forWard shuttle speed to
a predetermined second forWard shuttle speed the is
faster than the ?rst forWard shuttle speed,
a ?rst actuation of the third key in the paused condition
causes images of the video material to be presented
20
the second key is right betWeen the ?rst and third keys,
to the user at a predetermined ?rst reverse shuttle 25
speed,
a second actuation of the ?rst key, after the ?rst
actuation of the third key and While images of the
video material are presented to the user at a ?rst
30
reverse shuttle speed, causes a change in reverse
shuttle speed from the ?rst reverse shuttle speed to a
a frame per second rate of the video information.
35
a predetermined second forWard shuttle speed the is
faster than the ?rst forWard shuttle speed,
a ?rst actuation of the third key in the paused condition
causes images of the video material to be presented
speed,
a second actuation of the third key, after the ?rst
40
actuation of the third key and While images of the
video material are presented to the user at a ?rst
reverse shuttle speed, causes a change in reverse
15. The video editing system of claim 14, Wherein the
shuttle speed from the ?rst reverse shuttle speed to a
45
predetermined second reverse shuttle speed that is
faster than the ?rst reverse shuttle speed, and
a ?rst actuation of the second key after the ?rst or
second actuations of the ?rst key or after the ?rst or
second actuations of the third key causes the video
50
third key also bears a label indicative of a reverse shuttling
function, Wherein the second key also bears a label indica
tive of a pause function and Wherein the ?rst key also bears
a label indicative of a forWard shuttling function.
17. The video editing system of claim 13, Wherein the
forWard shuttle speed, causes a change in forWard
to the user at a predetermined ?rst reverse shuttle
standard alphanumeric keyboard has 36 alphanumeric keys
disposed in a standard keyboard layout, and Wherein the ?rst
of the three keys is a key that corresponds to an “L” key in
a QWERTY keyboard layout, the second of the three keys is
a key that corresponds to a “K” key in a QWERTY keyboard
layout and the third of the three keys is a key that corre
sponds to a “J” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout.
16. The video editing system of claim 15, Wherein the
actuation of the ?rst key and While images of the
video material are presented to the user at a ?rst
shuttle speed from the ?rst forward shuttle speed to
predetermined second reverse shuttle speed that is
faster than the ?rst reverse shuttle speed, and
material to be paused.
14. The video editing system of claim 13, Wherein the
change in the shuttle speed is in increments corresponding to
a ?rst actuation of the ?rst key in a paused condition
causes images of the video material to be presented
to the user at a ?rst forWard shuttle speed,
a second actuation of the third key, after the ?rst
a ?rst actuation of the second key after the ?rst or
second actuations of the ?rst key or after the ?rst or
second actuations of the third key causes the video
display at a shuttle speed and in a shuttle direction, such
that a ?rst of the three keys is for forWard shuttling, a
second of the three keys is for pausing, a third of the
three keys is for reverse shuttling, and Wherein:
material to be paused.
20. The computer program product of claim 19, Wherein
the change in the shuttle speed is in increments correspond
ing to a frame per second rate of the video information.
21. The computer program product of claim 20, Wherein
55
the standard alphanumeric keyboard has 36 alphanumeric
keys disposed in a standard keyboard layout, and Wherein
standard alphanumeric keyboard has 36 alphanumeric keys
the ?rst of the three keys is a key that corresponds to an “L”
disposed in a standard keyboard layout, and Wherein the ?rst
of the three keys is a key that corresponds to an “L” key in
a QWERTY keyboard layout, the second of the three keys is
a key that corresponds to a “K” key in a QWERTY keyboard
layout and the third of the three keys is a key that corre
sponds to a “J” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout.
18. The video editing system of claim 17, Wherein the
key in a QWERTY keyboard layout, the second of the three
60
the third key also bears a label indicative of a reverse
shuttling function, Wherein the second key also bears a label
third key also bears a label indicative of a reverse shuttling
function, Wherein the second key also bears a label indica
tive of a pause function and Wherein the ?rst key also bears
a label indicative of a forWard shuttling function.
keys is a key that corresponds to a “K” key in a QWERTY
keyboard layout and the third of the three keys is a key that
corresponds to a “J” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout.
22. The computer program product of claim 21, Wherein
65
indicative of a pause function and Wherein the ?rst key also
bears a label indicative of a forWard shuttling function.
23. The computer program product of claim 19, Wherein
the standard alphanumeric keyboard has 36 alphanumeric
US 7,165,219 B1
15
16
keys disposed in a standard keyboard layout, and wherein
28. The computer program product of claim 27, Wherein
the ?rst of the three keys is a key that corresponds to an “L”
the third key also bears a label indicative of a reverse
key in a QWERTY keyboard layout, the second of the three
shuttling function, Wherein the second key also bears a label
keys is a key that corresponds to a “K” key in a QWERTY
keyboard layout and the third of the three keys is a key that
corresponds to a “J” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout.
24. The computer program product of claim 23, Wherein
indicative of a pause function and Wherein the ?rst key also
bears a label indicative of a forWard shuttling function.
29. The computer program product of claim 25, Wherein
the standard alphanumeric keyboard has 36 alphanumeric
keys disposed in a standard keyboard layout, and Wherein
the third key also bears a label indicative of a reverse
shuttling function, Wherein the second key also bears a label
the ?rst of the three keys is a key that corresponds to an “L”
indicative of a pause function and Wherein the ?rst key also
bears a label indicative of a forWard shuttling function.
key in a QWERTY keyboard layout, the second of the three
keys is a key that corresponds to a “K” key in a QWERTY
keyboard layout and the third of the three keys is a key that
corresponds to a “J” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout.
30. The computer program product of claim 29, Wherein
25. A computer program product for playing video infor
mation on a computer having a standard alphanumeric
keyboard, comprising:
a computer readable medium for storing computer pro
gram code executable by a computer, Wherein the
computer program code includes:
display code that When executed is responsive to user
input to display video information, from one or more
data ?les accessible by the computer, on a display
the third key also bears a label indicative of a reverse
shuttling function, Wherein the second key also bears a label
indicative of a pause function and Wherein the ?rst key also
bears a label indicative of a forWard shuttling function.
31. An alphanumeric keyboard for use With a computer
20
accessible by the computer; and
control code that When executed is responsive to signals
iZed video editing system operative in response to signals
from a set of three keys located right next to each other on
one horizontal roW in the alphanumeric keyboard to control
shuttling of playback of video information, from one or
from a set of three keys located right next to each other
on one horiZontal roW in the standard alphanumeric
25
more data ?les stored on a random access computer readable
medium in a computer ?le system, on a display at a shuttle
information from the one or more data ?les at a shuttle
speed and in a shuttle direction, such that a ?rst of the three
speed and in a shuttle direction, such that a ?rst of the
three keys is for forWard shuttling, a second of the three
30
keys is for forWard shuttling, a second of the three keys is
for pausing, a third of the three keys is for reverse shuttling,
and Wherein:
the second key is right betWeen the ?rst and third keys,
a ?rst actuation of the ?rst key in a paused condition
causes images of the video material to be presented to
keyboard to control shuttling of playback of the video
keys is for pausing, a third of the three keys is for
reverse shuttling, and Wherein:
the second key is right betWeen the ?rst and third keys,
a ?rst actuation of the ?rst key in a paused condition
causes images of the video material to be presented
the user at a ?rst forWard shuttle speed,
to the user at a ?rst forWard shuttle speed,
a second actuation of the ?rst key, after the ?rst
35
actuation of the ?rst key and While images of the
forWard shuttle speed, causes a change in forWard
40
causes a change in forWard shuttle speed from the ?rst
forWard shuttle speed to a predetermined second for
Ward shuttle speed the is faster than the ?rst forWard
shuttle speed,
a ?rst actuation of the third key in the paused condition
causes images of the video material to be presented to
the user at a predetermined ?rst reverse shuttle speed,
to the user at a predetermined ?rst reverse shuttle
speed,
of the ?rst key and While images of the video material
are presented to the user at a ?rst forWard shuttle speed,
video material are presented to the user at a ?rst
shuttle speed from the ?rst forWard shuttle speed to
a predetermined second forWard shuttle speed the is
faster than the ?rst forWard shuttle speed,
a ?rst actuation of the third key in the paused condition
causes images of the video material to be presented
a second actuation of the ?rst key, after the ?rst actuation
45
a second actuation of the third key, after the ?rst actuation
of the third key and While images of the video material
a second actuation of the third key, after the ?rst
actuation of the third key and While images of the
are presented to the user at a ?rst reverse shuttle speed,
video material are presented to the user at a ?rst
reverse shuttle speed, causes a change in reverse
causes a change in reverse shuttle speed from the ?rst
reverse shuttle speed to a predetermined second reverse
shuttle speed that is faster than the ?rst reverse shuttle
shuttle speed from the ?rst reverse shuttle speed to a
50
speed, and
predetermined second reverse shuttle speed that is
faster than the ?rst reverse shuttle speed, and
a ?rst actuation of the second key after the ?rst or
second actuations of the ?rst key or after the ?rst or
second actuations of the third key causes the video
a ?rst actuation of the second key after the ?rst or second
actuations of the ?rst key or after the ?rst or second
actuations of the third key causes the video material to
55
layout, and Wherein the ?rst of the three keys is a key that
corresponds to an “L” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout,
the change in the shuttle speed is in increments correspond
the second of the three keys is a key that corresponds to a
ing to a frame per second rate of the video information.
27. The computer program product of claim 26, Wherein
be paused, the alphanumeric keyboard comprising:
36 alphanumeric keys disposed in a standard keyboard
material to be paused.
26. The computer program product of claim 25, Wherein
60
“K” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout and the third of the
the standard alphanumeric keyboard has 36 alphanumeric
keys disposed in a standard keyboard layout, and Wherein
three keys is a key that corresponds to a “J” key in a
the ?rst of the three keys is a key that corresponds to an “L”
betWeen the ?rst and third keys, Wherein the third key also
QWERTY keyboard layout, Wherein the second key is
key in a QWERTY keyboard layout, the second of the three
keys is a key that corresponds to a “K” key in a QWERTY
keyboard layout and the third of the three keys is a key that
corresponds to a “J” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout.
65
bears a label indicative of a reverse shuttling function,
Wherein the second key also bears a label indicative of a
pause function and Wherein the ?rst key also bears a label
indicative of a forWard shuttling function.
US 7,165,219 B1
17
18
32. The alphanumeric keyboard of claim 31, further
function for trimming of clips both before and after the
comprising keys containing typographical symbols, Wherein
transition, and a third key bearing a label indicative of a
function for trimming of a clip after the transition.
the computerized video editing system further is operative in
37. A video editing system, comprising:
response to signals from a set of four adjacent keys from the
standard alphanumeric keyboard to control trimming of a
selected transition in the video information, such that a ?rst
of the four keys is for trimming a plurality of frames in a
reverse direction, a second of the four keys is for trimming
a display;
one frame in a reverse direction, a third of the four keys is
for trimming one frame in a forWard direction, a fourth of the
a standard alphanumeric keyboard;
computing apparatus operative in response to user input to
four keys is for trimming a plurality of frames in a forWard
direction, Wherein the ?rst key is a key that corresponds to
an “M” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout, the second key
is a key that corresponds to a “<” key in a QWERTY
perform editing operations on the video information,
a random access computer readable medium for storing
video information in one or more data ?les in a com
puter ?le system;
and operative in response to user input to display video
information from the one or more data ?les on the
display, and operative in response to signals from a set
keyboard layout, the third key is a key that corresponds to
a “>” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout, and the fourth key
of four adjacent keys from the standard alphanumeric
keyboard to control trimming of a selected transition in
the video information, such that
is a key that corresponds to a “/” key in a QWERTY
keyboard layout, and Wherein the ?rst key also bears a label
a single actuation of a ?rst of the four keys causes a
indicative of a function for reverse trimming of a plurality of
frames, Wherein the second key also bears a label indicative
plurality of images to be trimmed in a reverse direction,
20
of a function for reverse trimming of one frame, Wherein the
third key also bears a label indicative of a function for
forWard trimming of one frame, and Wherein the fourth key
image to be trimmed in a forWard direction, and
also bears a label indicative of a function for forWard
trimming of a plurality of frames.
33. The alphanumeric keyboard of claim 32, Wherein the
25
computerized video editing system further is operative in
response to signals from a set of three adjacent keys from the
standard alphanumeric keyboard to select a node of a
transition, such that a ?rst of the three keys selects trimming
of a clip prior the transition, a second of the three keys
30
trimming of a plurality of frames, Wherein the second key
also bears a label indicative of a function for reverse
trimming of one frame, Wherein the third key also bears a
40
45
a label indicative of a pause function and a third key on
50
shuttling function, Wherein the ?rst of the three keys is
an “L” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout, Wherein the
second of the three keys is a “K” key in a QWERTY
keyboard layout and the third of the three keys is a “J”
55
35. The alphanumeric keyboard of claim 34, Wherein a set
of four adjacent keys includes a ?rst key bearing a label
forWard trimming of a plurality of frames.
36. The alphanumeric keyboard of claim 35, Wherein a set
of three adjacent keys includes a ?rst key bearing a label
indicative of a function for trimming of a clip prior to the
transition, a second key bearing a label indicative of a
label indicative of a function for forWard trimming of one
frame, and Wherein the fourth key also bears a label indica
tive of a function for forWard trimming of a plurality of
frames.
40. The video editing system of claim 38, Wherein the
reverse shuttling function, a second, central key bearing
indicative of a function for reverse trimming of a plurality of
frames, a second key bearing a label indicative of a function
for reverse trimming of one frame, a third key bearing a label
indicative of a function for forWard trimming of one frame,
and a fourth key bearing a label indicative of a function for
39. The video editing system of claim 38, Wherein the ?rst
key also bears a label indicative of a function for reverse
key on the user’s left bearing a label indicative of a
key in a QWERTY keyboard layout.
keyboard layout, the second key is a key that corresponds to
a “<” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout, the third key is
key in a QWERTY keyboard layout.
35
each other on one horiZontal roW of keys includes a ?rst
the user’s right bearing a label indicative of a forWard
plurality of images to be trimmed in a forWard direc
tion.
a key that corresponds to a “>” key in a QWERTY keyboard
layout, and the fourth key is a key that corresponds to a “/”
iZed video editing system, comprising:
36 alphanumeric keys and additional keys With typo
graphical symbols disposed in a standard keyboard
layout, Wherein a set of three keys located right next to
a single actuation of a fourth of the four keys causes a
38. The video editing system of claim 37, Wherein the ?rst
key is a key that corresponds to an “M” key in a QWERTY
selects trimming of clips both before and after the transition,
and a third of the three keys selects trimming of a clip after
the transition, Wherein the ?rst key also bears a label
indicative of a function for trimming of a clip prior to the
transition, Wherein the second key also bears a label indica
tive of a function for trimming of clips both before and after
the transition, Wherein the third key also bears a label
indicative of a function for trimming of a clip after the
transition.
34. An alphanumeric keyboard for use With a computer
a single actuation of a second of the four keys causes one
image to be trimmed in a reverse direction,
a single actuation of a third of the four keys causes one
60
65
computing apparatus further is operative in response to
signals from a set of three adjacent keys from the standard
alphanumeric keyboard to select a mode of a transition, such
that a ?rst of the three keys selects trimming of a clip prior
the transition, a second of the three keys selects trimming of
clips both before and after the transition, and a third of the
three keys selects trimming of a clip after the transition.
41. The video editing system of claim 37, Wherein the
computing apparatus further is operative in response to
signals from a set of three adjacent keys from the standard
alphanumeric keyboard to select a mode of a transition, such
that a ?rst of the three keys selects trimming of a clip prior
the transition, a second of the three keys selects trimming of
clips both before and after the transition, and a third of the
three keys selects trimming of a clip after the transition.
42. The video editing system of claim 37, Wherein the
computing apparatus further is operative in response to
signals from a set of four adjacent keys from the standard
alphanumeric keyboard to control trimming of a selected
transition in the video information, such that a ?rst of the
four keys is for trimming a plurality of frames in a reverse
direction, a second of the four keys is for trimming one
frame in a reverse direction, a third of the four keys is for
US 7,165,219 B1
19
20
causes a change in forWard shuttle speed from the ?rst
forWard shuttle speed to a predetermined second for
Ward shuttle speed the is faster than the ?rst forWard
trimming one frame in a forward direction, a fourth of the
four keys is for trimming a plurality of frames in a forward
direction.
43. The video editing system of claim 42, Wherein the ?rst
key is a key that corresponds to an “M” key in a QWERTY 5
keyboard layout, the second key is a key that corresponds to
a “<” key in a QWERTY keyboard layout, the third key is
the user at a predetermined ?rst reverse shuttle speed,
a key that corresponds to a “>” key in a QWERTY keyboard
layout, and the fourth key is a key that corresponds to a “/”
key in a QWERTY keyboard layout.
44. Previously presented) The video editing system of
shuttle speed,
a ?rst actuation of the third key in the paused condition
causes images of the video material to be presented to
a second actuation of the third key, after the ?rst actuation
10
of the third key and While images of the video material
are presented to the user at a ?rst reverse shuttle speed,
causes a change in reverse shuttle speed from the ?rst
reverse shuttle speed to a predetermined second reverse
shuttle speed that is faster than the ?rst reverse shuttle
claim 43, Wherein the ?rst key also bears a label indicative
of a function for reverse trimming of a plurality of frames,
Wherein the second key also bears a label indicative of a
function for reverse trimming of one frame, Wherein the
third key also bears a label indicative of a function for
forWard trimming of one frame, and Wherein the fourth key
speed, and
a ?rst actuation of the second key after the ?rst or second
actuations of the ?rst key or after the ?rst or second
actuations of the third key causes the video material to
also bears a label indicative of a function for forWard
trimming of a plurality of frames.
be paused.
45. The video editing system of claim 43, Wherein the 20
50. The computer system of claim 49, Wherein the change
computing apparatus further is operative in response to
in the shuttle speed is in increments corresponding to a
signals from a set of three adjacent keys from the standard
frame per second rate of the video information.
alphanumeric keyboard to select a mode of a transition, such
51. A video editing system comprising computing appa
that a ?rst of the three keys selects trimming of a clip prior
ratus operative in response to user input to perform editing
the transition, a second of the three keys selects trimming of 25 operations on video information, stored in one or more data
clips both before and after the transition, and a third of the
?les on a random access computer readable medium in a
three keys selects trimming of a clip after the transition.
computer ?le system, and operative in response to user input
46. The video editing system of claim 45, Wherein the ?rst
to display the video information on a display, and operative
key also bears a label indicative of a function for trimming
in response to signals from a set of three keys located right
of a clip prior to the transition, Wherein the second key also 30 next to each other on one horizontal roW in a standard
bears a label indicative of a function for trimming of clips
alphanumeric keyboard to control shuttling of playback of
both before and after the transition, Wherein the third key
the video information on the display at a shuttle speed and
also bears a label indicative of a function for trimming of a
clip after the transition.
47. The video editing system of claim 42, Wherein the
computing apparatus further is operative in response to
signals from a set of three adjacent keys from the standard
alphanumeric keyboard to select a mode of a transition, such
that a ?rst of the three keys selects trimming of a clip prior
the transition, a second of the three keys selects trimming of
clips both before and after the transition, and a third of the
three keys selects trimming of a clip after the transition.
48. The video editing system of claim 47, Wherein the ?rst
key also bears a label indicative of a function for trimming
of a clip prior to the transition, Wherein the second key also
bears a label indicative of a function for trimming of clips
both before and after the transition, Wherein the third key
in a shuttle direction, such that a ?rst of the three keys is for
forWard shuttling, a second of the three keys is for pausing,
35
the second key is right betWeen the ?rst and third keys,
a ?rst actuation of the ?rst key in a paused condition
causes images of the video material to be presented to
40
of the ?rst key and While images of the video material
are presented to the user at a ?rst forWard shuttle speed,
45
clip after the transition.
49. A computer system for playing motion video com 50
prising computing apparatus operative in response to signals
from a set of three keys located right next to each other on
one horizontal roW in a standard alphanumeric keyboard to
control shuttling of playback of video information, stored in
one or more data ?les on a random access computer readable 55
speed and in a shuttle direction, such that a ?rst of the three
keys is for forWard shuttling, a second of the three keys is
for pausing, a third of the three keys is for reverse shuttling,
and Wherein:
the second key is right betWeen the ?rst and third keys,
a ?rst actuation of the ?rst key in a paused condition
causes images of the video material to be presented to
the user at a ?rst forWard shuttle speed,
the user at a ?rst forWard shuttle speed,
a second actuation of the ?rst key, after the ?rst actuation
also bears a label indicative of a function for trimming of a
medium in a computer ?le system, on a display at a shuttle
a third of the three keys is for reverse shuttling, and Wherein:
causes a change in forWard shuttle speed from the ?rst
forWard shuttle speed to a predetermined second for
Ward shuttle speed the is faster than the ?rst forWard
shuttle speed,
a ?rst actuation of the third key in the paused condition
causes images of the video material to be presented to
the user at a predetermined ?rst reverse shuttle speed,
a second actuation of the third key, after the ?rst actuation
of the third key and While images of the video material
are presented to the user at a ?rst reverse shuttle speed,
causes a change in reverse shuttle speed from the ?rst
reverse shuttle speed to a predetermined second reverse
shuttle speed that is faster than the ?rst reverse shuttle
speed, and
a ?rst actuation of the second key after the ?rst or second
actuations of the ?rst key or after the ?rst or second
actuations of the third key causes the video material to
be paused.
52. The video editing system of claim 51, Wherein the
change in the shuttle speed is in increments corresponding to
a second actuation of the ?rst key, after the ?rst actuation 65 a frame per second rate of the video information.
of the ?rst key and While images of the video material
are presented to the user at a ?rst forWard shuttle speed,
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