ETS-Lindgren 3160 Antenna Owner's Manual

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ETS-Lindgren 3160 Antenna Owner's Manual | Manualzz

Model 3160 Series

Pyramidal Horn Antenna

User Manual

ii

C

D

A

B

E

ETS-Lindgren Inc. reserves the right to make changes to any product described herein in order to improve function, design, or for any other reason. Nothing contained herein shall constitute ETS-Lindgren Inc. assuming any liability whatsoever arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit described herein. ETS-Lindgren Inc. does not convey any license under its patent rights or the rights of others.

© Copyright 1992–2014 by ETS-Lindgren Inc. All Rights Reserved. No part of this document may be copied by any means without written permission from ETS-Lindgren Inc.

Trademarks used in this document: The ETS-Lindgren logo is a registered trademark of ETS-Lindgren Inc.

Revision Record | MANUAL, 3160 SERIES | Part #399185, Rev. F

Revision Description Date

F

Initial Release

Edits/updates

Edits/updates

Rebrand

Added 3160-u5 and 3160-u7 specifications

Added calculated gain formulas and data

February, 1992

October, 2002

July, 2003

July, 2010

November, 2011

July, 2014 www.ets-lindgren.com

Table of Contents

Notes, Cautions, and Warnings .............................................. vii

1.0 Introduction .......................................................................... 9

Tripod Options .......................................................................................... 11

ETS-Lindgren Product Information Bulletin ............................................... 12

2.0 Maintenance ....................................................................... 13

Annual Calibration .................................................................................... 13

Service Procedures .................................................................................. 14

3.0 Specifications ..................................................................... 15

Electrical Specifications ............................................................................ 15

Model 3160 Series ............................................................................ 15

Model 3160-u5 and Model 3160-u7: Standard Gain Horns

Below 1 GHz ..................................................................................... 15

Model 3160-u5 .......................................................................... 16

Model 3160-u7 .......................................................................... 17

Physical Specifications ............................................................................. 19

Model 3160 Series ............................................................................ 19

Model 3160-u5 and Model 3160-u7: Standard Gain Horns

Below 1 GHz ..................................................................................... 20

Model 3160-u5 .......................................................................... 20

Model 3160-u7 .......................................................................... 25

4.0 Mounting Instructions ....................................................... 31

3160-09 and 3160-10 Only ....................................................................... 32

3160-09 ............................................................................................ 32

3160-10 ............................................................................................ 32

Mount to 4-TR ........................................................................................... 33

Mount to 7-TR and Mast ........................................................................... 34

Mount to 2x2 Boom ................................................................................... 35

5.0 Typical Data ........................................................................ 37

Typical VSWR (3160-06) .......................................................................... 37

Typical Gain and Antenna Factor (3160-06) .............................................. 38 www.ets-lindgren.com

iii

Calculated Far Field Gain ......................................................................... 39

Geometry of the Horns ...................................................................... 40

Calculated Gain ................................................................................ 40

Typical Half-Power Beamwidth (3160-06) ................................................. 42

6.0 Radiated Emissions Measurements ................................ 43

Measure Ambient Field Strength Values ................................................... 43

Conversion Formulas ................................................................................ 44

Equation 1 ........................................................................................ 44

Equation 2 ........................................................................................ 45

Equation 3 ........................................................................................ 45

Equation 4 ........................................................................................ 45

Equation 5 ........................................................................................ 45

Equation 6 ........................................................................................ 46

Equation 7 ........................................................................................ 46

Equation 8 ........................................................................................ 46

Equation 9 ........................................................................................ 46

Appendix A: Warranty ............................................................. 47

Appendix B: Power Requirements ......................................... 49

3160-01 .................................................................................................... 50

Table 1: Model 3160-01 Power Requirements at 1 Meter .................. 50

Table 2: Model 3160-01 Power Requirements at 3 and 10 Meters .... 50

3160-02 .................................................................................................... 51

Table 3: Model 3160-02 Power Requirements at 1 Meter .................. 51

Table 4: Model 3160-02 Power Requirements at 3 and 10 Meters .... 51

3160-03 .................................................................................................... 52

Table 5: Model 3160-03 Power Requirements at 1 Meter .................. 52

Table 6: Model 3160-03 Power Requirements at 3 and 10 Meters .... 52

3160-04 .................................................................................................... 53

Table 7: Model 3160-04 Power Requirements at 1 Meter .................. 53

Table 8: Model 3160-04 Power Requirements at 3 and 10 Meters .... 53

3160-05 .................................................................................................... 55

Table 9: Model 3160-05 Power Requirements at 1 Meter .................. 55

Table 10: Model 3160-05 Power Requirements at 3 and 10 Meters .. 55

3160-06 .................................................................................................... 56

iv www.ets-lindgren.com

Table 11: Model 3160-06 Power Requirements at 1 Meter ................ 56

Table 12: Model 3160-06 Power Requirements at 3 and 10 Meters .. 56

3160-07 .................................................................................................... 57

Table 13: Model 3160-07 Power Requirements at 1 Meter ................ 57

Table 14: Model 3160-07 Power Requirements at 3 and 10 Meters .. 57

3160-08 .................................................................................................... 58

Table 15: Model 3160-08 Power Requirements at 1 Meter ................ 58

Table 16: Model 3160-08 Power Requirements at 3 and 10 Meters .. 58

3160-09 .................................................................................................... 59

Table 17: Model 3160-09 Power Requirements at 1 Meter ................ 59

Table 18: Model 3160-09 Power Requirements at 3 and 10 Meters .. 59

3160-10 .................................................................................................... 60

Table 19: Model 3160-10 Power Requirements at 1 Meter ................ 60

Table 20: Model 3160-10 Power Requirements at 3 and 10 Meters .. 60

Appendix C: Model 3160 Series Data ..................................... 61

3160-01 .................................................................................................... 61

VSWR: 3160-01 ................................................................................ 61

Gain / Antenna Factor: 3160-01 ........................................................ 61

Half-Power Beamwidth: 3160-01 ....................................................... 62

Antenna Pattern: 3160-01 at 1.2 GHz ............................................... 63

3160-02 .................................................................................................... 64

VSWR: 3160-02 ................................................................................ 64

Gain / Antenna Factor: 3160-02 ........................................................ 64

Half-Power Beamwidth: 3160-02 ....................................................... 65

Antenna Pattern: 3160-02 at 1.41 GHz ............................................. 66

3160-03 .................................................................................................... 67

VSWR: 3160-03 ................................................................................ 67

Gain / Antenna Factor: 3160-03 ........................................................ 67

Half-Power Beamwidth: 3160-03 ....................................................... 68

Antenna Pattern: 3160-03 at 2.15 GHz ............................................. 69

3160-04 .................................................................................................... 70

VSWR: 3160-04 ................................................................................ 70

Gain / Antenna Factor: 3160-04 ........................................................ 70

Half-Power Beamwidth: 3160-04 ....................................................... 71

Antenna Pattern: 3160-04 at 3.3 GHz ............................................... 72 www.ets-lindgren.com

v

3160-05 .................................................................................................... 73

VSWR: 3160-05 ................................................................................ 73

Gain / Antenna Factor: 3160-05 ........................................................ 73

Half-Power Beamwidth: 3160-05 ....................................................... 74

Antenna Pattern: 3160-05 at 4.9 GHz ............................................... 75

3160-06 .................................................................................................... 76

VSWR: 3160-06 ................................................................................ 76

Gain / Antenna Factor: 3160-06 ........................................................ 76

Half-Power Beamwidth: 3160-06 ....................................................... 77

Antenna Pattern: 3160-06 at 7.0 GHz ............................................... 78

3160-07 .................................................................................................... 79

VSWR: 3160-07 ................................................................................ 79

Gain / Antenna Factor: 3160-07 ........................................................ 79

Half-Power Beamwidth: 3160-07 ....................................................... 80

Antenna Pattern: 3160-07 at 10.3 GHz ............................................. 81

3160-08 .................................................................................................... 82

VSWR: 3160-08 ................................................................................ 82

Gain / Antenna Factor: 3160-08 ........................................................ 82

Half-Power Beamwidth: 3160-08 ....................................................... 83

Antenna Pattern: 3160-08 at 15.2 GHz ............................................. 84

3160-09 .................................................................................................... 85

VSWR: 3160-09 ................................................................................ 85

Gain / Antenna Factor: 3160-09 ........................................................ 85

Half-Power Beamwidth: 3160-09 ....................................................... 86

Antenna Pattern: 3160-09 at 22.0 GHz ............................................. 87

3160-10 .................................................................................................... 88

VSWR: 3160-10 ................................................................................ 88

Gain / Antenna Factor: 3160-10 ........................................................ 88

Half-Power Beamwidth: 3160-10 ....................................................... 89

Antenna Pattern: 3160-10 at 33.0 GHz ............................................. 90

vi www.ets-lindgren.com

Notes, Cautions, and Warnings

Note: Denotes helpful information intended to provide tips for better use of the product.

Caution: Denotes a hazard. Failure to follow instructions could result in minor personal injury and/or property damage. Included text gives proper procedures.

Warning: Denotes a hazard. Failure to follow instructions could result in SEVERE personal injury and/or property damage. Included text gives proper procedures.

See the ETS-Lindgren Product Information Bulletin for safety, regulatory, and other product marking information. www.ets-lindgren.com

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This page intentionally left blank.

viii www.ets-lindgren.com

1.0 Introduction

The

ETS-Lindgren Model 3160 Series Pyramidal Horn Antenna is a series of pyramidal standard gain horn antennas designed specifically for utilization in emissions and immunity testing over the frequency range of 1 GHz to 40 GHz.

The Model 3160 Series includes models 3160-01 through 3160-10.

Each Model 3160 Series antenna is linearly polarized and has medium gain, wide half-power beamwidth (HPBW) in both the horizontal and vertical planes, low VSWR over the recommended operating frequency range, and constant antenna factors so that the antennas can be used without looking up tables or charts.

The performance of the Model 3160 Series is precise and predictable through design parameters. Both input and output are well matched to 50 Ω and 377 Ω respectively. Comparisons of measured versus computed gain and antenna factors have been found to be within ±0.5dB. The Model 3160 Series antennas are considered to be the standard reference of measurements above 1 GHz, as is the resonant dipole for measurements below 1 GHz.

Each Model 3160 Series antenna is ruggedly constructed for good electromagnetic performance.

 Models 3160-01 through 3160-06 are welded using precise toolings and aluminum sheet metal.

 Models 3160-07 and 3160-08 are investment casted using an aluminum compound.

 Models 3160-09 and 3160-10 are electroformed using deposition of copper at a rate of 0.001 inch/hour for the highest precision available.

 Models 3160-01 through 3160-08 are conversion coated and painted for protection against corrosion and changes in the weather. www.ets-lindgren.com Introduction

9

Each Model 3160 Series antenna comes completely assembled with a high performance, low VSWR, coax-to-waveguide adapter. Below 18 GHz, the transition from coax to waveguide is made using a female Precision N connector.

Above 18 GHz, the transition uses female K connectors. The coax-to-waveguide adapters are the only power-limiting component, and can be removed if high fields are desired. For this purpose, the RF generator must be equipped with waveguide ports. In such a configuration, fields in excess of 10,000 V/m at

10 meters can be obtained.

Each Model 3160 Series antenna comes with a standard 1/4–20 mount.

Horizontal and vertical polarizations are obtained by rotating the antennas from one position on the mount to the other. The mounts have been placed so as not to interfere with incoming electromagnetic energy. For the variety of mounting options available for the Model 3160 Series, see Mounting Instructions on

page 20.

The Model 3160 Series may be used for either transmission or reception. The

50 ohm input impedance is well-matched for generating high electric fields with little power reflected back to the amplifier, reducing the chance of saturation. As a receiver, the antennas are matched to free space (377 ohms). Typical

performance data is provided beginning on page 37. Methods for radiated

emissions measurement are described on page 43.

For TEMPEST applications, all Model 3160 Series antennas, especially models

3160-03 and up, can be mounted on standard 12-, 18-, or 24-inch reflector dishes. The resulting antenna factor is usually about 20 dB lower than that of the antennas by themselves. However, the HPBW drops to less than 50 and the far field distance increases drastically making near field performance less predictable.

10

Introduction www.ets-lindgren.com

Tripod Options

Do not mount the Model 3160-01 or

Model 3160-02 to a 4-TR.

ETS-Lindgren offers the following non-metallic, non-reflective tripods for use at both indoor and outdoor EMC test sites.

4-TR Tripod—Constructed of linen phenolic and delrin, designed with an adjustable center post for precise height adjustments. Maximum height is 2.0 m

(80.0 in), and minimum height is 94 cm

(37.0 in). This tripod can support up to an 11.8 kg (26.0 lb) load.

7-TR Tripod—Constructed of PVC and fiberglass components, providing increased stability for physically large antennas. The unique design allows for quick assembly, disassembly, and convenient storage. Allows several different configurations, including options for manual or pneumatic polarization.

Quick height adjustment and locking wheels provide ease of use during testing. Maximum height is 2.17 m

(85.8 in), with a minimum height of 0.8 m

(31.8 in). This tripod can support a

13.5 kg (30 lb) load. www.ets-lindgren.com Introduction

11

ETS-Lindgren Product Information Bulletin

See the ETS-Lindgren Product Information Bulletin included with your shipment for the following:

 Warranty information

 Safety, regulatory, and other product marking information

 Steps to receive your shipment

 Steps to return a component for service

 ETS-Lindgren calibration service

 ETS-Lindgren contact information

12

Introduction www.ets-lindgren.com

2.0 Maintenance

Before performing any maintenance, follow the safety information in the

ETS-Lindgren Product Information

Bulletin

included with your shipment.

WARRANTY

Maintenance of the Model 3160 Series is limited to external components such as cables or connectors.

If you have any questions concerning maintenance, contact ETS-Lindgren

Customer Service.

 When not in use, the Model 3160 Series Pyramidal Horn Antenna should be stored on a shelf face down to keep dust out of the feed areas.

 If the Model 3160 Series is used outdoors, the antennas should be checked for water accumulations. Water has a high dielectric constant and can alter performance.

 If an antenna is dropped, the feed/horn joint should be checked for misalignment.

Annual Calibration

The electromagnetic performance of the Model 3160 Series is almost exclusively dependent on the physical dimensions of the horns. Comparisons with computed gain and antenna factor result in differences within 1 dB. Therefore, it is not necessary to calibrate Model 3160 Series antennas; only a mechanical check is required to guarantee performance. However, if calibration is required, see the Product Information Bulletin included with your shipment for information on ETS-Lindgren calibration services. www.ets-lindgren.com Maintenance

13

Service Procedures

For the steps to return a system or system component to ETS-Lindgren for service, see the Product Information Bulletin included with your shipment.

14

Maintenance www.ets-lindgren.com

3.0 Specifications

Electrical Specifications

M

ODEL

3160 S

ERIES

 The VSWR indicated in the following table is that of the pyramidal horn antenna and coax-to-waveguide adapter. The VSWR of the antenna by itself is of the order of 1.1:1.

 The maximum continuous power indicated in the following table is mainly limited by the coax-to-waveguide adapter. The antenna itself is capable of handling continuous power on the order of 10

4

Watts to

10

7

Watts.

M

ODEL

3160-

U

5

AND

M

ODEL

3160-

U

7: S

TANDARD

G

AIN

H

ORNS

B

ELOW

1 GH

Z

ETS-Lindgren also offers these two standard gain horns:

Model 3160-u5—Operates from 500 MHz to 750 MHz.

Model 3160-u7—Operates from 750 MHz to 1 GHz.

These horns require customized mounts due to their large physical size; for more information see the Model 3160-u5 and Model 3160-u7 drawings provided in

Physical Specifications

beginning on page 20.

The following sections provide the computed gain for the Model 3160-u5 and

Model 3160-u7. www.ets-lindgren.com Specifications

15

16

M

ODEL

3160-

U

5

Far field gain computed using full wave analysis MW Studio.

Frequency (MHz) Computed Gain (dBi) Numeric Gain VSWR

500 16.42 43.87 1.48

510 16.76 47.37 1.43

520

530

540

550

16.95

17.02

17.06

17.11

49.52

50.40

50.80

51.44

1.35

1.24

1.13

1.07

590

600

610

560

570

580

620

630

640

650

670

680

17.21

17.32

17.42

17.50

17.58

17.68

17.78

17.88

17.96

18.02

18.18

18.33

52.56

53.93

55.19

56.25

57.30

58.55

60.01

61.44

62.55

63.37

65.80

68.09

1.12

1.17

1.17

1.13

1.07

1.06

1.13

1.18

1.18

1.16

1.10

1.08

Specifications www.ets-lindgren.com

Frequency (MHz) Computed Gain (dBi) Numeric Gain VSWR

690 18.50 70.79 1.09

700 18.64 73.11 1.13

710

720

760

740

750

18.71

18.70

18.65

18.53

18.50

74.30

74.13

73.22

71.30

70.86

1.16

1.16

1.14

1.12

1.10

M

ODEL

3160-

U

7

Far field gain computed using full wave analysis MW Studio.

Frequency (MHz) Computed Gain (dBi) Numeric Gain

750 14.64 29.09

760 14.77 29.99

770

780

14.90

15.03

30.91

31.84

790

800

810

820

830

15.15

15.26

15.35

15.41

15.46

32.77

33.60

34.27

34.77

35.17

1.41

1.42

1.38

1.31

1.21

VSWR

1.35

1.33

1.34

1.38 www.ets-lindgren.com Specifications

17

930

940

950

960

970

980

990

1000

Frequency (MHz) Computed Gain (dBi) Numeric Gain

840 15.51 35.57

850 15.57 36.07

860

870

890

900

910

920

15.64

15.73

15.93

16.04

16.15

16.27

36.67

37.39

39.14

40.15

41.24

42.35

16.38

16.49

16.59

16.68

16.76

16.82

16.88

16.93

43.45

44.53

45.56

46.51

47.37

48.12

48.76

49.37

1.09

1.08

1.11

1.16

1.22

1.26

1.28

1.27

VSWR

1.11

1.07

1.11

1.16

1.19

1.18

1.16

1.12

18

Specifications www.ets-lindgren.com

Physical Specifications

M

ODEL

3160 S

ERIES

www.ets-lindgren.com Specifications

19

M

ODEL

3160-

U

5

AND

M

ODEL

3160-

U

7: S

TANDARD

G

AIN

H

ORNS

B

ELOW

1 GH

Z

M

ODEL

3160-

U

5

Weight (approximate):

95.3 kg (210.0 lb)

Two mounting subframes with hardware are provided with the

Model 3160-u5. Hardware for customer mount is not provided.

20

Specifications www.ets-lindgren.com

Model 3160-u5 Aperture View

www.ets-lindgren.com Specifications

21

Model 3160-u5 Side View

22

Specifications www.ets-lindgren.com

Model 3160-u5 Back View

www.ets-lindgren.com Specifications

23

Model 3160-u5 Bottom View

Clearance holes (7) in bottom of subframe are for M8 or 3/8–16 bolts.

Hardware not provided.

24

Specifications www.ets-lindgren.com

M

ODEL

3160-

U

7

Weight (approximate):

32.7 kg (72.0 lb)

Two mounting platforms are provided with the Model 3160-u7.

Mounting fasteners (1/4–20) are not provided. www.ets-lindgren.com Specifications

25

Model 3160-u7 Aperture View

26

Specifications www.ets-lindgren.com

Model 3160-u7 Side View

www.ets-lindgren.com Specifications

27

Model 3160-u7 Back View

28

Specifications www.ets-lindgren.com

Model 3160-u7 Bottom View

www.ets-lindgren.com Specifications

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This page intentionally left blank.

30

Specifications www.ets-lindgren.com

4.0 Mounting Instructions

Before connecting any components, follow the safety information in the ETS-Lindgren

Product Information Bulletin included with your shipment.

The Model 3160 Series antennas are precision measurement devices. Handle your antenna with care.

Horizontal and vertical polarizations can be achieved by rotating the antenna from one mount to the other.

The Model 3160-u5 and Model 3160-u7 horns require customized mounts due to their large physical size; for more information see the

Model 3160-u5 and Model 3160-u7 drawings provided in Physical

Specifications

beginning on page 20.

The Model 3160 Series Pyramidal Horn Antenna is equipped with a standard

1/4–20 mount. The mount is placed so as not to interfere with incoming electromagnetic energy.

Once mounted, remove the red cover from the Type N connector and attach a cable between the antenna and a transmitting/receiving RF device. Rotate the antenna for horizontal and vertical polarizations as needed. www.ets-lindgren.com Mounting Instructions

31

3160-09 and 3160-10 Only

The 3160-09 and 3160-10 antennas ship with a supplemental mount that may be used with the 4-TR Tripod, 7-TR Tripod, mast, and 2x2 boom.

3160-09

 103255 Clamping Block

 103256 Mounting Bracket

3160-10

 103253 Clamping Block

 103254 Mounting Bracket

32

Mounting Instructions www.ets-lindgren.com

Mount to 4-TR

Do not mount the Model 3160-01 or

Model 3160-02 to a 4-TR.

Model 3160 Series antennas mount directly to an ETS-Lindgren 4-TR Tripod; no additional hardware is required. Secure the mount onto the 4-TR by tightening the1/4–20 UNC mount knob. www.ets-lindgren.com Mounting Instructions

33

Mount to 7-TR and Mast

Following is an option for mounting the Model 3160 Series onto an ETS-Lindgren

7-TR Tripod or mast. Contact the ETS-Lindgren Sales Department for information on ordering optional mounting hardware.

Mast

refers to 2070 Series, 2075, and 2175 Antenna Towers.

7-TR

refers to these booms:

109042 boom— Straight boom; for general antenna mounting on a 7-TR

108983 boom— Offset boom; for general antenna mounting on a 7-TR with pneumatic or manual polarization; can also be used to mount stinger-type antennas

108507 boom—Centerline rotation boom for Model 3106

Series antennas only; when changing polarization, maintains centerline rotation

34

Mounting Instructions www.ets-lindgren.com

Mount to 2x2 Boom

Following are options for mounting the Model 3160 Series onto a 2x2 boom.

Contact the ETS-Lindgren Sales Department for information on ordering optional mounting hardware.

2x2 boom

refers to a typical 2-inch by 2-inch boom. www.ets-lindgren.com Mounting Instructions

35

This page intentionally left blank.

36

Mounting Instructions www.ets-lindgren.com

5.0 Typical Data

Following is typical electromagnetic performance data for the Model 3160 Series

Pyramidal Horn Antenna, using Model 3160-06 data as representative of the

series. See Model 3160 Series Data on page 61 for data for all

Model 3160 Series antennas.

Typical VSWR (3160-06)

The following shows the antenna/coax-to-waveguide adapter assembly. www.ets-lindgren.com Typical Data

37

Typical Gain and Antenna Factor (3160-06)

Following is a plot of computed and measured gain and antenna factor versus frequency. The measured and computed results are within 3 dB, which is typical of pyramidal horns. Differences are attributed to imperfections in the measurements setup. The left vertical scale is for the gain measured in dBi, and the right vertical scale is for the antenna factor in dB(m

-1

). The antenna factor spans only 0.6 dB from minimum to maximum; therefore, it may be considered constant over the entire frequency band without loss of accuracy. The gain is computed from the antenna factor using:

G(dB) = 20 log (f ) - AF dB(m

-1

)

+ 30.22

38

Typical Data www.ets-lindgren.com

Calculated Far Field Gain

The gain of a pyramidal horn (linear gain, not dB) is calculated as follows:

[ ( ) ( )]

[( ( ) ( )) ( ( ) ( ))

]

Where

(

)

And

(

)

Finally

And C(x) and S(x) are the Fresnel Cosine Integral and the Fresnel Sine Integral functions. www.ets-lindgren.com Typical Data

39

G

EOMETRY OF THE

H

ORNS units in cm or degrees aperture waveguide flare Flares E and H

3160-u5

3160-u7

3160-01

3160-02

3160-03

3160-04

3160-05

3160-06

3160-07

3160-08

3160-09

3160-10

23

24

29

30

31

41

32

32

32

31

23

23

20

22

24

26

26

36

28

28

27

28

20

20

angle H angle E A B a b L

l

E

l

H

11.59

7.60

5.01

3.54

2.46

155.42 120.88 35.56 17.78 159.16 253.11 171.98

80.41 59.99 25.07 12.38 96.14 167.07 108.31

62.58

52.82

34.00

23.50

16.01

49.87

39.55

26.00

17.50

11.60

19.56

16.51

10.92

7.21

5.07

9.78

8.26

5.46

3.40

2.52

75.00

64.00

41.52

40.00

26.85

130.35

111.20

70.93

67.71

46.70

90.44

72.46

48.64

43.86

29.00

8.59

5.80

3.73

2.56

1.77

3.49

2.29

1.50

0.95

0.60

1.58

1.02

0.71

0.32

0.24

20.00

12.62

7.02

4.69

3.13

34.18

20.37

11.91

7.96

5.51

21.92

14.06

7.51

5.00

3.27

C

ALCULATED

G

AIN

Frequency

0.5

0.55

0.6

0.65

0.7

0.75

3160-u5

G

16.42

17.07

17.64

18.13

18.16

18.92

3160-u7 3160-01 3160-02

Frequency

0.75

0.8

0.85

0.9

0.95

1

G

14.5549

15.0711

15.5505

15.997

16.4139

16.8039

Frequency

0.96

1.06

1.16

1.26

1.36

1.46

G

14.8231

15.6164

16.3255

16.9633

17.5397

18.0626

Frequency

1.12

1.236

1.352

1.468

1.584

1.7

G

14.4253

15.2158

15.9232

16.5601

17.1364

17.6598

40

Typical Data www.ets-lindgren.com

3160-03 3160-04 3160-05 3160-06

Frequency

1.7

1.88

2.06

2.24

2.42

2.6

G

14.34

15.1526

15.8791

16.5331

17.1247

17.6622

Frequency

2.6

2.87

3.14

3.41

3.68

3.95

G

14.811

15.6315

16.371

17.0425

17.6558

18.2182

Frequency

3.95

4.33

4.71

5.09

5.47

5.85

G

14.9746

15.7343

16.4232

17.09

17.6294

18.161

Frequency

5.85

6.32

6.79

7.26

7.73

8.2

G

15.6617

16.2986

16.8847

17.4266

17.9293

18.3973

3160-07 3160-08 3160-09 3160-10

Frequency

8.2

9.04

9.88

10.72

11.56

12.4

G

15.0692

15.8748

16.6011

17.2604

17.8623

18.4142

Frequency

12.4

13.52

14.64

15.76

16.88

18

G

14.8536

15.5532

16.1886

16.7687

17.3006

17.7898

Frequency

18

19.7

21.4

23.1

24.8

26.5

G

14.9048

15.9601

16.2776

16.8683

17.4065

17.8984

Frequency

26.5

29.2

31.9

34.6

37.3

40

G

15.0323

15.7974

16.4806

17.0941

17.6474

18.148 www.ets-lindgren.com Typical Data

41

Typical Half-Power Beamwidth (3160-06)

Following is a plot of the half-power beamwidth (HPBW) versus frequency. The information provides the size of the Equipment Under Test (EUT) that can be illuminated without scanning. The size of the EUT can be obtained as:

EUT = 2

[

Distance · tan

(

HPBW

)

2

]

Distance

is the distance between the EUT and the aperture of the antenna

42

Typical Data www.ets-lindgren.com

6.0 Radiated Emissions Measurements

Measure Ambient Field Strength Values

1. Install the antenna where measured field strength values are desired.

2. Adjust the desired orientation of the antenna for both bore site direction and polarization.

3. Connect the output connector of the antenna to the input of the receiving system using a low VSWR, low loss coaxial cable. The

Model 3160 Series Pyramidal Horn Antennas are designed for receiving systems having 50 Ω input impedance. Other values of receiving system input impedance will require correction for the difference in impedance mismatch.

4. Set desired measurement frequency on the receiving system. Make sure that the selected frequency is one that can be used with the antenna that is connected to the system.

5. Measure the RF voltage, V a

, referenced to the input port of the receiving system. The units of the measurement should be in decibels referenced to 1 microvolt, dB(µV). If the units of measurements are millivolts, they should be converted to dB(µV) by:

V a

V a

20

20 log

10

RF voltage in microvolts )

V d

6. Determine the field strength at the frequency of observation by adding the voltage reading on the receiving system in dB(µV) to the antenna factor in dB(m

-1

):

RF Voltage, dB(µV) + Antenna Factor, dB(m

-1

) =

Field Strength, dB(µV/m)

E a

= V a

+ AF www.ets-lindgren.com Radiated Emissions Measurements

43

The losses of the coaxial cable, A c

, should be included in the computations. In this case, the previous equation becomes:

RF Voltage, dB(µV) + Cable Loss, dB +

Antenna Factor, DB(m

-1

) = Field Strength, dB(µV/m)

E a

= V a

+ A c

+ AF

Conversion Formulas

Following are some useful conversion formulas, including how the constants are obtained:

E

QUATION

1

dBm=dB(  V)-107

The power is related to the voltage and the system impedance as:

P

V

2

R

In a 50 Ω system, the previous equation becomes:

10 log

10

P

 20 log

10

V

 10

10

Converting from dB to dBm for power and from dB(V) to dB(

µ

V) for voltage, the overall constant becomes:

10

  107

44

Radiated Emissions Measurements www.ets-lindgren.com

E

QUATION

2

dB(mW /m

2

) = dB(  V/m)-115.8

The constant in this equation is obtained by considering the

Poynting vector which relates the power density in (W/m

2

) to the electric field strength in (V/m) by:

P =

E

2

Where

η

is the free space characteristic impedance equal to 120

π

Ω.

Transforming the previous questions to decibels and using the appropriate conversion factors to convert dB(W/m

2

) to dB(mW/m

2

) for power density and dB(V/m) to dB(µV/m) for the electric field, the constant becomes: log ( 120

)   .

E

QUATION

3

dB(  V/m) = dB(  V) + AF

E

QUATION

4

V/m = 10

20

E

QUATION

5

dB (  A/m) = dB(  V/m) - 51.5

The magnetic field strength is related to the electric field strength via the characteristic impedance of free space. When the transformation is made to decibels, the constant becomes: www.ets-lindgren.com Radiated Emissions Measurements

45

20 log ( 120

)  51 5

E

QUATION

6

A/m = 10

20

E

QUATION

7

dB(W/m

2

) = 10 log (V/m

A/m)

E

QUATION

8

dB(mW/m

2

) = dB(W/m

2

) + 30.0

E

QUATION

9

dB(pT) = dB(  A/m) + 2.0

The magnetic flux density B in (T) is related to the magnetic field strength H in (A/m) by the permeability of the medium in (H/m). For free space, the permeability is o

= 4

-7

H/m. Converting from (T) to (pT) and from (A/m) to (

µ

µ π

.10

A/m) and taking the log, the constant becomes:

4

 10  7 

46

Radiated Emissions Measurements www.ets-lindgren.com

Appendix A: Warranty

See the Product Information Bulletin included with your shipment for the complete ETS-Lindgren warranty for your Model 3160 Series.

D

URATION OF

W

ARRANTIES FOR

M

ODEL

3160 S

ERIES

All product warranties, except the warranty of title, and all remedies for warranty failures are limited to two years.

Product Warranted

Model 3160 Series

Pyramidal Horn Antenna

Duration of Warranty Period

2 Years www.ets-lindgren.com Warranty

47

This page intentionally left blank.

48

Warranty www.ets-lindgren.com

Appendix B: Power Requirements

The Model 3160 Series Pyramidal Horn Antenna is an efficient transmitting antenna, capable of generating high electric field strengths using little power. For a given electric field strength, the required power can be computed using the transmission equation:

2 (

2

P t

30 g

The typical power requirements in Watts for the 3161-06 are shown in Table 11

Table 12 on page 56. Distance is measured from the aperture of the antenna.

2

The maximum continuous power that can be applied is 250 W, and the maximum peak power is 8 kW. For example, to generate an electric field equal to 100 V/m at a distance of 3 meters at a frequency of 6.25 GHz, the calibration antenna factor read from Table 1 is 29.9 dB(m

-1

). The gain in dB is computed using:

G(dB)=20 log(F

GHz

) – AF + 30.22

G(dB)=20 log(6.25) – 29.9 + 30.22 = 16.2

The numeric gain is obtained as: g = 10

1.62

= 42.1

Applying this equation, we obtain: www.ets-lindgren.com Power Requirements

49

3160-01

T

ABLE

1: M

ODEL

3160-01 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

1 M

ETER

T

ABLE

2: M

ODEL

3160-01 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

3

AND

10 M

ETERS

50

Power Requirements www.ets-lindgren.com

3160-02

T

ABLE

3: M

ODEL

3160-02 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

1 M

ETER

T

ABLE

4: M

ODEL

3160-02 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

3

AND

10 M

ETERS

www.ets-lindgren.com Power Requirements

51

3160-03

T

ABLE

5: M

ODEL

3160-03 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

1 M

ETER

T

ABLE

6: M

ODEL

3160-03 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

3

AND

10 M

ETERS

52

Power Requirements www.ets-lindgren.com

3160-04

T

ABLE

7: M

ODEL

3160-04 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

1 M

ETER

T

ABLE

8: M

ODEL

3160-04 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

3

AND

10 M

ETERS

www.ets-lindgren.com Power Requirements

53

54

Power Requirements www.ets-lindgren.com

3160-05

T

ABLE

9: M

ODEL

3160-05 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

1 M

ETER

T

ABLE

10: M

ODEL

3160-05 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

3

AND

10 M

ETERS

www.ets-lindgren.com Power Requirements

55

3160-06

T

ABLE

11: M

ODEL

3160-06 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

1 M

ETER

T

ABLE

12: M

ODEL

3160-06 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

3

AND

10 M

ETERS

56

Power Requirements www.ets-lindgren.com

3160-07

T

ABLE

13: M

ODEL

3160-07 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

1 M

ETER

T

ABLE

14: M

ODEL

3160-07 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

3

AND

10 M

ETERS

www.ets-lindgren.com Power Requirements

57

3160-08

T

ABLE

15: M

ODEL

3160-08 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

1 M

ETER

T

ABLE

16: M

ODEL

3160-08 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

3

AND

10 M

ETERS

58

Power Requirements www.ets-lindgren.com

3160-09

T

ABLE

17: M

ODEL

3160-09 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

1 M

ETER

T

ABLE

18: M

ODEL

3160-09 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

3

AND

10 M

ETERS

www.ets-lindgren.com Power Requirements

59

3160-10

T

ABLE

19: M

ODEL

3160-10 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

1 M

ETER

T

ABLE

20: M

ODEL

3160-10 P

OWER

R

EQUIREMENTS AT

3

AND

10 M

ETERS

60

Power Requirements www.ets-lindgren.com

Appendix C: Model 3160 Series Data

3160-01

VSWR: 3160-01

G

AIN

/ A

NTENNA

F

ACTOR

: 3160-01

www.ets-lindgren.com Model 3160 Series Data

61

H

ALF

-P

OWER

B

EAMWIDTH

: 3160-01

62

Model 3160 Series Data www.ets-lindgren.com

A

NTENNA

P

ATTERN

: 3160-01

AT

1.2

GH

Z

H-PLANE: 3160-01

E-PLANE: 3160-01

www.ets-lindgren.com Model 3160 Series Data

63

3160-02

VSWR: 3160-02

G

AIN

/ A

NTENNA

F

ACTOR

: 3160-02

64

Model 3160 Series Data www.ets-lindgren.com

H

ALF

-P

OWER

B

EAMWIDTH

: 3160-02

www.ets-lindgren.com Model 3160 Series Data

65

A

NTENNA

P

ATTERN

: 3160-02

AT

1.41 GH

Z

H-PLANE: 3160-02

E-PLANE: 3160-02

66

Model 3160 Series Data www.ets-lindgren.com

3160-03

VSWR: 3160-03

G

AIN

/ A

NTENNA

F

ACTOR

: 3160-03

www.ets-lindgren.com Model 3160 Series Data

67

H

ALF

-P

OWER

B

EAMWIDTH

: 3160-03

68

Model 3160 Series Data www.ets-lindgren.com

A

NTENNA

P

ATTERN

: 3160-03

AT

2.15 GH

Z

H-PLANE: 3160-03

E-PLANE: 3160-03

www.ets-lindgren.com Model 3160 Series Data

69

3160-04

VSWR: 3160-04

G

AIN

/ A

NTENNA

F

ACTOR

: 3160-04

70

Model 3160 Series Data www.ets-lindgren.com

H

ALF

-P

OWER

B

EAMWIDTH

: 3160-04

www.ets-lindgren.com Model 3160 Series Data

71

A

NTENNA

P

ATTERN

: 3160-04

AT

3.3 GH

Z

H-PLANE: 3160-04

E-PLANE: 3160-04

72

Model 3160 Series Data www.ets-lindgren.com

3160-05

VSWR: 3160-05

G

AIN

/ A

NTENNA

F

ACTOR

: 3160-05

www.ets-lindgren.com Model 3160 Series Data

73

H

ALF

-P

OWER

B

EAMWIDTH

: 3160-05

74

Model 3160 Series Data www.ets-lindgren.com

A

NTENNA

P

ATTERN

: 3160-05

AT

4.9 GH

Z

H-PLANE: 3160-05

E-PLANE: 3160-05

www.ets-lindgren.com Model 3160 Series Data

75

3160-06

VSWR: 3160-06

G

AIN

/ A

NTENNA

F

ACTOR

: 3160-06

76

Model 3160 Series Data www.ets-lindgren.com

H

ALF

-P

OWER

B

EAMWIDTH

: 3160-06

www.ets-lindgren.com Model 3160 Series Data

77

A

NTENNA

P

ATTERN

: 3160-06

AT

7.0 GH

Z

H-PLANE: 3160-06

E-PLANE: 3160-06

78

Model 3160 Series Data www.ets-lindgren.com

3160-07

VSWR: 3160-07

G

AIN

/ A

NTENNA

F

ACTOR

: 3160-07

www.ets-lindgren.com Model 3160 Series Data

79

H

ALF

-P

OWER

B

EAMWIDTH

: 3160-07

80

Model 3160 Series Data www.ets-lindgren.com

A

NTENNA

P

ATTERN

: 3160-07

AT

10.3 GH

Z

H-PLANE: 3160-07

E-PLANE: 3160-07

www.ets-lindgren.com Model 3160 Series Data

81

3160-08

VSWR: 3160-08

G

AIN

/ A

NTENNA

F

ACTOR

: 3160-08

82

Model 3160 Series Data www.ets-lindgren.com

H

ALF

-P

OWER

B

EAMWIDTH

: 3160-08

www.ets-lindgren.com Model 3160 Series Data

83

A

NTENNA

P

ATTERN

: 3160-08

AT

15.2 GH

Z

H-PLANE: 3160-08

E-PLANE: 3160-08

84

Model 3160 Series Data www.ets-lindgren.com

3160-09

VSWR: 3160-09

G

AIN

/ A

NTENNA

F

ACTOR

: 3160-09

www.ets-lindgren.com Model 3160 Series Data

85

H

ALF

-P

OWER

B

EAMWIDTH

: 3160-09

86

Model 3160 Series Data www.ets-lindgren.com

A

NTENNA

P

ATTERN

: 3160-09

AT

22.0 GH

Z

H-PLANE: 3160-09

E-PLANE: 3160-09

www.ets-lindgren.com Model 3160 Series Data

87

3160-10

VSWR: 3160-10

G

AIN

/ A

NTENNA

F

ACTOR

: 3160-10

88

Model 3160 Series Data www.ets-lindgren.com

H

ALF

-P

OWER

B

EAMWIDTH

: 3160-10

www.ets-lindgren.com Model 3160 Series Data

89

A

NTENNA

P

ATTERN

: 3160-10

AT

33.0 GH

Z

H-PLANE: 3160-10

E-PLANE: 3160-10

90

Model 3160 Series Data www.ets-lindgren.com

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Key Features

  • Frequency range: 30 MHz to 1 GHz
  • Gain: 12 dBi to 15 dBi
  • 3 dB beamwidth: 90 degrees in both the E-plane and H-plane
  • Lightweight and easy to handle
  • Rugged construction
  • Resistant to corrosion
  • Versatile

Related manuals

Frequently Answers and Questions

What is the frequency range of the ETS-Lindgren 3160?
The frequency range of the ETS-Lindgren 3160 is 30 MHz to 1 GHz.
What is the gain of the ETS-Lindgren 3160?
The gain of the ETS-Lindgren 3160 is 12 dBi to 15 dBi.
What is the 3 dB beamwidth of the ETS-Lindgren 3160?
The 3 dB beamwidth of the ETS-Lindgren 3160 is 90 degrees in both the E-plane and H-plane.
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