- Rorke Data
Galaxy® HDX4
ISO 9001:2008
ISO 13485:2003 Certified
MODELS:
»G
X4L_2120S4_12I1
12 BAY iSCSI Quad 1Gb to
SAS/SATA II RAID Subsystem
Single Controller
Installation and Hardware
Reference Manual
Galaxy HDX4 12 Bay RAID
iSCSI Host SAS / SATA Drives
7th Generation Fibre Channel RAID
With over 10,000 Galaxy units in the field, Rorke Data’s award
winning RAID products provide the performance, protection,
and expansion capabilities for diverse customer environments.
PLEASE READ BEFORE INSTALLATION
www.rorke.com
GX4L_2120S4_12I10411_HMN
Rorke Data, An Avnet Company
7626 Golden Triangle Drive, Eden Prairie, MN 55344, USA
» Toll Free 1.800.328.8147 » Phone 1.952.829.0300 » Fax 1.952.829.0988
Contact Information
Americas
Rorke Data Inc
7626 Golden Triangle Drive
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
USA
Tel: +1-800 328 8147
Fax: +1-952 829 0988
1
[email protected]
http://www.rorke.com
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>-SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Copyright 2010
This Edition First Published 2010
All r ights r eserved. T his publ ication m ay no t be r eproduced, t ransmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any
language or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise,
without the prior written consent of Rorke Data, Inc.
Disclaimer
Rorke Technology makes no representations or warranties with respect t o t he c ontents her eof and s pecifically d isclaims an y implied
warranties of merchantability or f itness f or an y p articular pur pose.
Furthermore, Rorke Data reserves the right to revise this publication
and to make changes from time to time in the content hereof without
obligation to notify any person of such revisions or changes. Product
specifications are also subject to change without prior notice.
Trademarks
Galaxy and the Galaxy logo are registered trademarks of Rorke
Data, Inc.
Solaris and Java are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc.
All o ther names, br ands, products or s ervices ar e trademarks or
registered trademarks of their respective owners.
ii
Galaxy Raid Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Warnings and Certifications
RESTRICTED ACCESS LOCATION:
This equi pment i s intended t o be i nstalled in a R ESTRICTED A CCESS
LOCATION only.

Access can only be gained by SERVICE PERSONS or by USERS
who ha ve been i nstructed abou t t he r easons f or t he r estrictions
applied t o t he l ocation and ab out any pr ecautions t hat s hall be
taken; and

Access is by an authorized person through the use of a TOOL or
lock and key, or other means of security, and is controlled by the
authority responsible for the location.
ELECTRIC SHOCK WARNING!
To Prevent Electric Shock:
1.
Access t o t his equ ipment is gr anted only to t rained op erators an d
service personnel who h ave been instructed of a nd f ully u nderstand
the possible hazardous conditions and the consequences of accessing
non-field-serviceable units, e.g., system backplane or power supplies.
2.
Unplug the s ystem bef ore you m ove i t or
damaged.
when i t has bec ome
RELIABLE EARTHING!
Particular a ttention s hould be g iven to pr epare r eliable earthing with t he
power supply connections other than direct connections to the branch circuit
(e.g., us e of po wer strips). T he A C po wer c ords pr ovide t he m ain ear th
connection. Check proper grounding before powering on the enclosure.
OVERLOADING PROTECTION!
1. The enclosure should be installed according to specifications on a
chassis l abel. P rovide a s uitable po wer s ource w ith electrical o verload
protection.
2. Do not overload the AC supply branch circuit that provides power to the
rack. T he t otal r ack l oad should n ot ex ceed 8 0 percent of t he br anch
circuit rating.
BATTERY USE WARNING!
Risk of explosion if battery is replaced by an incorrect type. Dispose of used
batteries according to local ordinance.
iii
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>-SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
THERMAL PRECAUTIONS:
1. If installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly, the operating ambient
temperature of the rack environment may be greater than room ambient.
Appropriate m easures, s uch as increasing a irflow, s hould b e available
to maintain the temperature below 35°C.
2. The openings on the enclosure are for air convection. DO NOT COVER
THE OPENINGS.
3. To comply with safety, emission, and thermal requirements, all module
bays should be populated with plug-in modules. The system should not
be operated with the absence of any covers.
HANDLING PRECAUTIONS:
1. The s ystem c an ei ther be i nstalled i nto a s tandard EIA-310 1 9” r ack
cabinet or placed o n a desktop. Mec hanical loading of t he e nclosure
should be carefully handled to avoid hazardous condition. A drop or fall
could cause injury.
2. Lay this system on a r eliable surface with desktop installation. A drop or
fall can cause injury.
3. Mounting this enclosure requires two people.
4. The enc losure c an weigh up t o 37Lbs ( 17kg) without di sk dr ives. With
disk drives loaded, the enclosure can weigh up to 60lb (24kg). A reliable
surface should be available to support this weight.
5. Disk drives should be installed after the enclosure is securely installed.
iv
Galaxy Raid Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
FCC (applies in the U.S. and Canada)
FCC Class A Radio Frequency Interference Statement
This dev ice c omplies with P art 15 of t he F CC r ules. O peration i s
subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause
harmful interference, and (2) this device may accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits
for a C lass A di gital de vice, pur suant t o Part 15 of t he F CC R ules.
These l imits ar e des igned t o pr ovide r easonable protection a gainst
harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial
environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, i f n ot i nstalled an d us ed i n a ccordance with
the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is
likely t o c ause har mful i nterference i n which c ase t he us er will b e
required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Any c hanges or modifications not ex pressly a pproved by t he par ty
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate
the equipment.
WARNING:
A s hielded po wer c ord i s r equired i n order t o m eet F CC em ission
limits and also to prevent interference to nearby radio and television
reception.
Use on ly s hielded c ables t o c onnect I /O devices t o t his e quipment.
You ar e c autioned t hat changes or m odifications not expressly
approved by t he par ty r esponsible f or c ompliance c ould v oid your
authority to operate the equipment.
This device is in conformity with the EMC.
CB
(Certified Worldwide)
This dev ice m eets t he r equirements of t he C B s tandard f or
electrical equipment with regard to establishing a satisfactory
level of safety for per sons using the device and f or the area
surrounding t he app aratus. T his s tandard c overs onl y s afety
aspects of the above apparatus; it does not cover other
matters, such as style or performance.
v
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>-SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
CCC
For P ower S upplies’ c ompatibility to China Compulsory
Certification.
China RoHS
In Compliance with AeA China RoHS Regulations (SJ/T 11364-2006)
ITE BSMI Class A, CNS 13438 (for Taiwan)
This device is in conformity with UL standards for safety.
Инструкция по безопасности
Модель:
FC to SAS/SATA 3U/16, 4U/24 Bay RAID Subsystem, Models, where “x” can
be “0-9”, “A-Z“, blank, or dash “x” for marketing purpose and no impact safety
related critical components and constructions.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
vi
Перед использованием оборудования внимательно прочтите
инструкцию.
Сохраняйте инструкцию для дальнейшего использования в работе.
Не допускайте попадания влаги на изделие.
Устанавливайте оборудование на устойчивую поверхность.
Падение может нанести ущерб оборудованию.
Соблюдайте климатические требования, использование
оборудование при температуре окружающей среды выше 50°С,
может привести к выходу оборудования из строя.
Размещайте шнур питания в недоступном для пользователя месте.
Запрещается ставить на шнур питания какие-либо предметы.
При работе с оборудованием необходимо учитывать все
предупреждения и замечания.
Если оборудование не используется в течении длительного времени,
отключите его от сети питания.
Запрещается вскрывать оборудование. Оборудование может
Galaxy Raid Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
вскрываться только квалифицированным персоналом.
10. При возникновении одного из повреждений оборудования вызовите
обслуживающий персонал:
a. Повреждение шнура питания или вилки.
b. Оборудование не работает или его работа не соответствует
инструкции пользователя .
e. Оборудование повреждено.
f. Оборудование имеет очевидный признак поломки.
11. Источник питания должен быть установлен в соответствии с
инструкцией. Ток нагрузки и выходная мощность не должны
превышать указанных в спецификации.
Rorke is committed to being properly prepared and taking all
the necessary steps that will result in our compliance with the
new European d irective, RoHS ( 2002/95/EC), on o r bef ore
the specific dates set forth in those applicable laws and
regulations. Rorke is ap plying its o wn i nternal ef forts and
expertise and is working closely with customers and suppliers
to achieve compliance while maintaining an uninterrupted
supply of qual ity products. Rorke is c urrently i nvestigating,
evaluating, a nd q ualifying our m aterials and c omponents t o
ensure t hat pr oducts s old on or af ter 1 J uly 20 06, in s uch
territory, are in compliance with the above regulations.
Disposal of Old Electrical & Electronic Equipment (Applicable
in t he E uropean U nion and ot her E uropean c ountries with
separate collection systems)
This symbol on the product or on its packaging indicates that
this product shall not be treated as household waste. Instead
it s hall be ha nded o ver t o t he a pplicable c ollection point f or
the recycling of electrical and electronic equipment. By proper
waste handling of this product you ensure that it has no
negative c onsequences f or t he environment and hum an
health, which c ould o therwise b e c aused i f t his pr oduct is
thrown into t he gar bage bin. The r ecycling of m aterials will
help to conserve natural resources.
For m ore det ails ab out r ecycling of t his pr oduct, please
contact your l ocal c ity of fice, your hous ehold w aste disposal
service or the shop where you purchased the product.
}
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>-SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Table of Contents
CONTACT INFORMATION ............................................................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.
COPYRIGHT 2010 ..................................................................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.
This Edition First Published 2010 ........................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Disclaimer Error! Bookmark not defined.
Trademarks ......................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
W ARNINGS AND CERTIFICATIONS ................................................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.
TABLE OF CONTENTS ...............................................................................................................VIII
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS .............................................................. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.
Precautions and Instructions ............................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
ESD Precautions ................................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
ABOUT THIS MANUAL ................................................................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.
REVISION HISTORY ................................................................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.
WHO SHOULD READ THIS MANUAL? ............................................. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.
Related Documentation ....................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
CONVENTIONS .......................................................................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.
Naming
Error! Bookmark not defined.
Lists
Error! Bookmark not defined.
Important Information........................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
SOFTWARE AND FIRMWARE UPDATES ......................................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
1.1
PRODUCT OVERVIEW ..................................................................................................... 1
1.1.1
Introduction........................................................................................................... 1
1.1.2
Enclosure Chassis................................................................................................ 2
1.2
SYSTEM COMPONENTS .................................................................................................. 5
1.2.1
Drive Trays ........................................................................................................... 5
1.2.2
The RAID Controller Module ................................................................................ 5
1.2.3
Controller Module Interfaces ................................................................................ 6
1.2.4
Cache Module ...................................................................................................... 7
1.2.5
CBM (Optional Feature) ....................................................................................... 7
1.2.6
Power Supply Units .............................................................................................. 9
1.2.7
Cooling Modules................................................................................................... 9
1.3
SYSTEM MONITORING .................................................................................................. 10
1.3.1
I2C bus ............................................................................................................... 10
1.3.2
LED Indicators .................................................................................................... 10
1.3.3
Audible Alarms ................................................................................................... 11
1.4
HOT-SWAPPABLE COMPONENTS.................................................................................... 11
1.4.1
Hot-swap Capabilities ......................................................................................... 11
1.4.2
Components ....................................................................................................... 12
1.4.3
Normalized Airflow ............................................................................................. 12
CHAPTER 2: HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.1
INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................. 1
2.2
INSTALLATION PREREQUISITES ........................................................................................ 1
2.3
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ................................................................................................... 3
2.3.1
Precautions and Instructions ................................................................................ 3
2.3.2
Static-free Installation ........................................................................................... 6
2.4
GENERAL INSTALLATION PROCEDURE .............................................................................. 7
2.4.1 Installation Procedure Flowchart................................................................................. 7
2.5
UNPACKING THE SYSTEM ............................................................................................... 7
Preinstalled Components..................................................................................................... 9
Components to be Installed ................................................................................................. 9
2.6
RACK/CABINET INSTALLATION ......................................................................................... 9
Removing Chassis ............................................................................................................. 15
2.7
CONTROLLER INSTALLATION ......................................................................................... 16
2.7.1
Installing a Controller Module ............................................................................. 16
2.8
HARD DRIVE INSTALLATION........................................................................................... 17
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Galaxy Raid Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Hard Drive Installation Prerequisites.................................................................................. 17
Drive Installation ................................................................................................................ 17
2.9
DRIVE TRAY INSTALLATION ........................................................................................... 18
2.10 INSTALLING CBM (OPTIONAL) ....................................................................................... 20
CHAPTER 3: SYSTEM CONNECTIONS
3.1
CONNECTION OVERVIEW ................................................................................................ 1
3.1.1
Cabling ................................................................................................................. 1
3.1.2
Network Topologies.............................................................................................. 2
3.1.3
Points of Failure ................................................................................................... 2
3.2
HOST CONNECTION TOPOLOGIES .................................................................................... 2
3.2.1
Sample Topology – Single-controller with Fault-tolerant Paths ............................ 4
3.2.2
Sample Topology – Single-Controller with Trunks................................................ 5
3.3
EXPANSION LINKS .......................................................................................................... 7
3.4
CONNECTING OTHER INTERFACES ................................................................................... 9
3.5
CONNECTING POWER CORDS ....................................................................................... 10
3.6
POWER ON ................................................................................................................. 11
Check List 11
Power On Procedure ......................................................................................................... 12
Power On Status Check .................................................................................................... 13
LCD Screen ....................................................................................................................... 14
POWER OFF PROCEDURE ......................................................................................................... 15
CHAPTER 4: SYSTEM MONITORING
4.1
OVERVIEW .................................................................................................................... 1
4.2
STATUS-INDICATING LEDS ............................................................................................. 3
4.2.1
LED Overview ...................................................................................................... 3
4.2.2
LCD Keypad Panel ............................................................................................... 3
4.2.3
Drive Tray LEDs ................................................................................................... 4
4.2.4
LEDs on Controller Module .................................................................................. 5
4.2.5
Controller LEDs .................................................................................................... 6
4.2.6
Restore Default LED ............................................................................................ 7
How to Use the Restore Default Button? ............................................................................. 7
4.2.7
GbE Host Port LEDs ............................................................................................ 8
4.2.8
Ethernet Management Port LEDs......................................................................... 9
4.2.9
PSU LEDs .......................................................................................................... 10
4.2.10 Cooling Module LEDs ......................................................................................... 10
4.3
AUDIBLE ALARM .......................................................................................................... 11
4.3.1
Overview ............................................................................................................ 11
4.3.2
Alarm Triggers .................................................................................................... 12
2
4.3.3
I C ...................................................................................................................... 12
CHAPTER 5: SYSTEM MAINTENANCE
5.1.
OVERVIEW .................................................................................................................... 1
5.1.1
Maintenance ......................................................................................................... 1
5.1.2
General Notes on Component Replacement ........................................................ 2
5.2.
REPLACING A CONTROLLER MODULE ............................................................................... 2
5.2.1
Overview .............................................................................................................. 2
5.2.2
Notes on Controller Maintenance ......................................................................... 3
5.2.3
Removing a Controller Module ............................................................................. 3
5.2.4
Replacing the Controller Module .......................................................................... 4
5.3.
REPLACING OR UPGRADING MEMORY MODULES ............................................................... 5
5.3.1
Installation Overview ............................................................................................ 5
5.3.2
Selecting the Memory Modules ............................................................................ 6
5.3.3
DIMM Module Installation ..................................................................................... 6
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>-SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
5.4.
REPLACING A FAULTY CBM ............................................................................................ 7
5.4.1
BBU Fault Conditions: .......................................................................................... 7
5.4.2
BBU Warnings and Precautions ........................................................................... 7
5.4.3
Replacing a Faulty BBU ....................................................................................... 8
5.4.4
Replacing a Faulty Flash Backup Module .......................................................... 10
5.5.
REPLACING A FAULTY PSU .......................................................................................... 10
5.5.1
Notes on PSU Module Maintenance .................................................................. 10
5.5.2
Replacing the PSU Module ................................................................................ 11
5.6.
REPLACING A FAULTY COOLING MODULE ....................................................................... 13
5.6.1
Notes on Cooling Module Maintenance.............................................................. 13
5.6.2
Replacing a Cooling Module............................................................................... 13
5.7.
REPLACING A HARD DRIVE ........................................................................................... 14
5.7.1
Hard Drive Maintenance Overview ..................................................................... 14
5.7.2
Replacing a Hard Drive ...................................................................................... 15
APPENDIX A: SPECIFICATIONS
A.1.
A.2.
A.3.
A.4.
A.5.
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................... 1
CONTROLLER SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................ 3
POWER SUPPLY SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................... 4
RAID MANAGEMENT ...................................................................................................... 5
FAULT TOLERANCE MANAGEMENT ................................................................................... 5
APPENDIX B: PINOUTS
B.1
GBE ETHERNET PORT PINOUTS (ISCSI HOST PORTS) ..................................................... 1
B.2
ETHERNET MANAGEMENT PORT PINOUTS ........................................................................ 2
B.3 DB-9 SERIAL PORT ........................................................................................................... 2
B.4
SAS EXPANSION PORT PINOUTS .................................................................................... 3
B.5
POWER......................................................................................................................... 3
Safety Precautions
Precautions and Instructions
x
•
Prior to powering on the subsystem, ensure that the correct power range
is being used.
•
If i t i s nec essary t o t ransport t he s ubsystem, r epackage a ll d isk dr ives
separately in the dr ive trays and i n the original package f oam blocks. I f
using the original package material, other replaceable modules can stay
within the enclosure.
•
The Galaxy subsystems come with 12, 16, or 24 drive bays. Leaving any
of t hese dr ive b ays em pty will gr eatly af fect t he ef ficiency of t he airflow
within the enclosure, and will consequently lead to the system
overheating, which can cause irreparable damage.
•
If a module fails, leave it in place until you have a replacement unit and
you are ready to replace it.
Galaxy Raid Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
•
Airflow Consideration: The subsystem requires an ai rflow clearance,
especially at t he front a nd r ear. A clearance of at least 18 to 20
centimeters i s r equired at t he r ear s ide a nd an y o bjects bl ocking t he
exhaust airflow, e.g., cables dangling at the fan outlet, should be avoided.
•
Handle subsystem modules using the retention screws, eject levers, and
the metal frames/face plates. Avoid touching PCB boards and connector
pins.
•
To c omply with s afety, emission, or t hermal r equirements, none of t he
covers or r eplaceable m odules s hould be r emoved. Mak e s ure t hat all
enclosure modules and covers are securely in place during operation.
•
Be s ure t hat t he r ack c abinet i nto which t he s ubsystem chassis w ill be
installed pr ovides s ufficient v entilation c hannels and ai rflow c irculation
around the subsystem.
•
Provide a soft, clean surface to place your subsystem on before working
on i t. Servicing on a r ough s urface m ay d amage t he ex terior of t he
chassis.
•
If i t i s necessary to transport t he s ubsystem, r epackage al l dr ives
separately.
•
Dual-redundant c ontroller models c ome w ith t wo R AID c ontrollers t hat
should al ways b e pr esent. S ingle-controller m odels c ome w ith a s ingle
RAID controller and a metal sheet is placed over the lower controller bay
at t he r ear of t he s ubsystem. S ince s ingle-controller m odels c annot b e
upgraded, this metal sheet should NEVER be removed.
ESD Precautions
Observe a ll c onventional anti-ESD m ethods while handling s ystem
modules. The use of a grounded wrist s trap an d an anti-static w ork
pad are recommended. Avoid dust and debris in your work area.
About This Manual
This manual:

Introduces the Galaxy storage system series.

Describes all major components in the system.

Provides r ecommendations and
installation process.
details ab out t he har dware
xi
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>-SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual

Describes how to monitor system operating statuses.

Describes how to maintain the subsystem.
This manual does not:

Describe components that are not user-serviceable.

Give a d etailed description of t he R AID pr ocessing u nits or t he
RAID controllers within the subsystem.
Revision History
Rev. 1.0: Initial release.
Who should read this manual?
This manual assumes that its readers are experienced with computer
hardware installation and are familiar with storage enclosures.
Related Documentation
•
Generic O peration Ma nual ( firmware oper ation v ia L CD k eypad
and terminal emulation)
These documents ar e i ncluded in t he product utility C D t hat c ame
with your subsystem package.
Conventions
Naming
From this point on and throughout the rest of this manual, the Galaxy
series i s r eferred t o as s imply t he “ subsystem” or t he “ system” and
Rorke is sometimes abbreviated as “Gal.”
Important Messages
Important m essages appe ar w here m ishandling of components is
possible or when work or der c an b e m is-conceived. T hese
messages al so pr ovide important i nformation as sociated with ot her
aspects of s ystem oper ation. T he word “ important” i s w ritten as
“IMPORTANT,” both capitalized and bold and is followed by text in
italics. The italicized text is the message to be delivered.
Warnings
xii
Galaxy Raid Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Warnings appear where overlooked details may cause damage to the
equipment or r esult in per sonal i njury. Warnings s hould b e taken
seriously. Warnings ar e e asy t o r ecognize. T he word “ warning” i s
written as “WARNING,” both capitalized and bold and is followed by
text in italics. The italicized text is the warning message.
Cautions
Cautionary messages should also be heeded to help you reduce the
chance of losing data or damaging the system. Cautions are easy to
recognize. T he word “ caution” i s written as “ CAUTION,” bot h
capitalized an d bo ld and is f ollowed by text i n i talics. T he i talicized
text is the cautionary message.
Notes
These messages i nform the r eader of es sential but no n-critical
information. T hese messages s hould be r ead c arefully as an y
directions or i nstructions c ontained t herein c an help you a void
making mistakes. N otes ar e eas y to r ecognize. T he w ord “ note” is
written as “NOTE,” both capitalized and bold and is followed by text
in italics. The italicized text is the cautionary message.
Lists
Bulleted Lists: Bulleted lists are statements of non-sequential facts.
They c an be r ead in a ny order. E ach s tatement i s preceded b y a
round black dot “•.”
Numbered Lists: Numbered l ists ar e us ed t o d escribe s equential
steps you should follow in order.
Software and Firmware Updates
Please contact your system vendor or contact Rorke’s technical
support t [email protected] for t he l atest s oftware or f irmware
updates. NOTE that t he f irmware version i nstalled o n your s ystem
should pr ovide t he c omplete f unctionality listed in t he s pecification
sheet/user’s m anual. We pr ovide s pecial r evisions f or v arious
application p urposes. Therefore, D O N OT upgr ade your f irmware
unless you fully understand what a firmware revision will do.
Problems t hat oc cur dur ing t he updating pr ocess may c ause
irrecoverable errors and system down time. Always consult technical
personnel before proceeding with any firmware upgrade.
xiii
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>-SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
This page is intentionally left blank.
xiv
Chapter 1
Introduction
1.1 Product Overview
1.1.1 Introduction
This c hapter br iefly introduces t he Galaxy® H DX4 i SCSI to SAS /
SATA RAID s ubsystem The HDX4 DS system co mes w ith four (4)
Gigabit E thernet host por ts on the R AID controller and de livers fast
I/O performance over
iSCSI packets.
Galaxy HDX4 12bay RAID System
Galaxy’s i SCSI s torage s upports net work i nitiators c ompatible with
the IETF (Internet Storage Name Server) iSCSI standard (RFC 3720)
with the following functionality:

Access control via NetMask, IQN, and IP filtering

iSNS & SLP device discovery

CHAP access control security

Jumbo frames
Internet SCSI (iSCSI) pr otocols are embedded in firmware and I/Os
and are rapidly processed via dedicated algorithms. The HDX4 DS is
built around reliable hardware and sophisticated RAID technologies.
I/O requests are packaged and transmitted over local area networks
(LANs), w ide ar ea net works (WANs), or t he I nternet us ing the
existing Ethernet network, and t hus t he t otal c ost o f ow nership i s
reduced. With the help of networking flexibility, the system is ideal for
location-independent data storage, backup, and retrieval.
The s ystem del ivers ex treme per formance t hat r esults f rom t he
combined p erformance o f multiple d isk dr ives and t he l evel of dat a
protection u nseen in other i SCSI s torages. F eaturing al l s tandard
RAID functionality, t he HDX4 DS subsystem provides a reliable
platform for I T oper ations such as bac kup, dat a-mining, or s trategic
data allocation.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
This system features a hi gh-density architecture that supports up to
twelve (12) hot -swappable 6Gb/s SAS o r 3Gb/s SATA hard dr ives.
The s ystem i s po wered by a single RAID c ontroller f eaturing t he
latest A SIC667 as t he RAID engine. T he pr e-installed 2GB DDRII
RAM D IMM m odule c an b e up graded t o a 4GB capacity D IMM t o
support c omplicated ap plications t hat hold numerous I D/LUN
combinations.
In ad dition to t he e ase of i mplementation, t he HDX4 DS also
supports capacity expansion via its SAS links by attaching HDX4 DS
12 or 16 bay JBODs.
The modular nature of the system and the easy accessibility to
components ensure ease of maintenance.
NOTE:
On r eceiving and un packing your s ubsystem, pl ease c heck t he
package contents against the included Unpacking List. If any
modules ar e m issing, please c ontact your system vendor
immediately.
1.1.2 Enclosure Chassis
1.1.2.1 Chassis Overview
The HDX4 DS s ystem is housed i n a robust 2U chassis t hat i s
divided i nto front an d the rear s ections. K ey c omponents ar e
respectively ac cessed through t he f ront an d r ear pan els. T he
enclosure c hassis c an b e mounted i nto a s tandard 1 9-inch r ack or
enclosure c abinet us ing s upport br ackets t hat are s eparatelypurchased.
NOTE:
Components ac cessed t hrough t he f ront pan el are r eferred t o as
“Front P anel C omponents” and c omponents ac cessed t hrough
the rear panel are referred to as “Rear Panel Components.”
1.1.2.2 Physical Dimensions
The HDX4 DS comes in a 2U chassis with the following dimensions:

1-2
Measured with f orearm handl es: 481mm x 8 9mm x 5 30mm
(width x height x depth)
Chapter 1: Introduction

Measured without f orearm handl es: 446mm x
513mm (width x height x depth)
88mm x
1.1.2.3 Front Panel Overview
The front section of the system features a 4x3 layout for twelve (12)
3.5-inch disk drives. The two ( 2) handles on the f ront of t he system
enable you to easily extract the chassis from a rack or cabinet. The
front view is s hown below. A des cription of eac h f ront panel
component is given below:
The front view of the subsystem without the bezel installed is shown
below:
HDX4 DS Enclosure Front View
The front panel components include:
•
Drive bays with drive tray canisters: The drive bays
accommodate 6Gb/s SAS or 3Gb/s SATA 3.5” disk drives.
•
Forearm h andles: The s ystem has r ight- and l eft-side
handles for easier rackmount handling.
1.1.2.4 Hard Drive Numbering
The front section of the HDX4 DS enclosure houses twelve (12) hard
drives in a 4x3 configuration. When viewed from t he front, the drive
bays (slots) are numbered 1 to 12 from left to right and then from top
to bottom.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Slot 1
Slot 2
Slot 3
Slot 4
Slot 5
Slot 6
Slot 7
Slot 8
Slot 9
Slot 10
Slot 11
Slot 12
Hard Drive Numbering
1.1.2.5 Rear Panel Overview
The enc losure r ear view is shown be low. T he r ear panel pr ovides
access to all enclosure components. A description of each rear panel
component is given below:
HDX4 DS Enclosure Rear View
The enclosure rear section accommodates the following components:
•
RAID c ontroller m odule: The R AID c ontroller module
manages all functionalities provided with the system, and all
interface connectors are provided on the controller faceplate.
•
CBM m odule (optional fe ature; l ocated w ithin th e R AID
controller module, if installed): A C BM (Cache B ackup
Module) is o ptional f or t he s ingle-controller HDX4 DS. T he
CBM c onsists of a BBU (Battery Backup U nit) and F BM
(Flash Backup Module). The BBU sustains unfinished writes
cached in memory and cached data is distributed to the FBM
in the event of a power outage in order to prevent data loss.
•
PSU m odules: The hot-swappable P SUs supply po wer t o
the s ubsystem. P ower o n/off is controlled b y t he i ndividual
power switches on the power supplies.
•
Cooling modules: The redundant cooling modules ventilate
the system to maintain a cooling airflow across the system.
1.1.2.6 Backplane Board
An internal backplane board separates the front and rear sections of
the enclosure. The backplane consists of traces for logic level signals
and low v oltage po wer paths. It c ontains no us er-serviceable
components.
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Chapter 1: Introduction
WARNING!
When i nserting a r emovable m odule, DO N OT U SE EXCESSIVE
FORCE! F orcing or s lamming a m odule c an dam age t he pi ns on
the m odule c onnectors ei ther on t he m odule i tself or on t he
backplane. G ently pus h t he m odule un til i t r eaches t he end of
module s lot. F eel t he c ontact r esistance and us e slightly m ore
pressure t o e nsure t he m odule c onnectors ar e c orrectly m ated. If
the m odule c omes w ith ejection l evers or r etention screws, us e
them to secure the module.
1.2 System Components
The HDX4 DS houses m any active c omponents and m ost of t hem
can b e ac cessed t hrough ei ther t he f ront or the rear p anel. T he
modular des ign of t he c omponents f acilitates t heir easy installation
and r emoval. H ot-swap m echanisms are i ncorporated t o e liminate
power surges and signal glitches that might occur while removing or
installing these modules.
1.2.1 Drive Trays
Drive Tray Front View
The system comes with twelve (12) drive trays with 1-inch pitch, 3.5inch 6Gb/s SAS o r 3Gb/s SATA d isk drives pre-installed. T he drive
bays are accessible from the enclosure front panel. Two (2) LEDs on
the front bezel indicate the operating statuses. A rotary bezel lock on
each drive tray secures the hard drive in place, while a release button
enables f ast retrieval of a hard drive. There ar e s crew holes on the
sides of the drive tray for securing hard drives to the drive tray.
WARNING!
Be c areful no t t o warp, t wist, or c ontort t he dr ive t ray in any w ay
(e.g., b y dr opping it or r esting heavy obj ects on i t). The dr ive t ray
has been customized to f it i nto t he drive bays of t he system. If t he
drive bay superstructure is deformed or altered, the drive trays may
not fit into the drive bays.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
1.2.2 The RAID Controller Module
The default size for the DDRII DIMM module on the RAID controller
is 2 GB. A R AID c ontroller module contains a m ain c ircuit boar d, a
pre-installed memory, battery charger circuitry, and a daughter board
with h ost por t i nterfaces. T he c ontroller m odule c ontains no userserviceable c omponents. E xcept when s ervicing t he c ache m emory
or t he C BM m odule inside, t he c ontroller m odule s hould never be
removed or opened.
WARNING!
Although t he R AID controller c an be r emoved, the o nly t ime you
should touch the controller itself is to install or replace the memory
module and C BM. T he R AID c ontroller i s b uilt of s ensitive
components a nd u nnecessary t ampering c an damage t he
controller.
The HDX4 DS system is managed by the RAID controller. The
controller comes with four (4) G bE E thernet host ports. T he system
connects to the host through RJ-45 connectors, while the connectors
are also ready to connect to one or more network switches, enabling
access t o your s torage volumes i n c omplex c onfigurations s uch as
data-sharing or Virtual LAN segments.
The doc king c onnector at the r ear of t he c ontroller b oard c onnects
the controller module to the backplane board.
1.2.3 Controller Module Interfaces
The controller interfaces are accessed through the controller
faceplate as shown in the figure below.
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Chapter 1: Introduction
Controller Faceplate

Host p orts: Four (4) G igabit E thernet hos t p orts (indicated
as CH0 , CH1, C H2 and C H3 in t he di agram s hown above)
connect t he HDX4 DS system t o t he net worked i SCSI
initiators through RJ-45 connectors.

SAS Expansion: The SAS E xpansion port is meant to
connect to ex pansion e nclosures, i.e., Galaxy’s HDX4 DS
JBOD enclosures. The system can connect to a maximum of
six (6) expansion enclosures. For the expansion connection,
you n eed S FF-8088 t o SFF-8088 S AS cables. A s f or the
connection bet ween expansion enc losures, you al so need
SFF-8088 to SFF-8088 SAS cables.

Serial Port: The controller module comes with one (1) COM
port. The serial port is used for local access to the firmwareembedded, menu-driven configuration utility using a terminal
emulation program.

Ejection Levers: Two (2) ejection levers on the sides of the
controller ens ure that t he back-end c onnectors ar e p roperly
seated i n t he m odule s lot and pr operly m ated w ith t he
backplane.

Ethernet Management Port: A 10/100BaseT Ethernet
management port connects the system to a network and then
to a management computer. Available management
interfaces i nclude t elnet and Java-based Galaxy Array
Manager.

Controller LEDs: Each c ontroller bo ard r ear p anel c omes
with s ix ( 6) controller s tatus LED indicators. Please r efer t o
Chapter 4 for information on how to monitor your subsystem
using these LED indicators.

Restore D efault Button & LED: The restore default button
and L ED are us ed t o restore f irmware d efaults w hen
upgrading f irmware, u pgrading D IMM s ize, or i f an
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
administrator forgets the system password. For more details,
please refer to Chapter 4.
1.2.4 Cache Module
The controller default for the cache module is a 1GB DDRII module
and t he m aximum s ize that c an be a llocated is 4GB. The m emory
socket is located on the side of the controller board.
1.2.5 CBM (Optional Feature)
The C ache B ackup Modu le (CBM) is an o ptional f eature f or t he
HDX4 DS. The C BM c onsists of a Li-Ion bat tery backup uni t ( BBU)
module and a f lash backup m odule (see t he diagram bel ow). T he
BBU can support the transfer of cached data from cache memory to
an onboard flash backup module in the event of a power outage.
Modules within a Controller Canister
The B BU i s o nly partially c harged when s hipped. Therefore, af ter
powering o n t he s ubsystem t he B BU will s tart c harging t o its f ull
capacity. It normally requires approximately twelve hours for the
battery to be f ully c harged. I f t he battery is not f ully c harged after
twelve hours, there may be a problem with the BBU and you should
contact your subsystem vendor immediately. You can also check the
status of the battery module v ia Galaxy Array Manager. or the
firmware.
1-8
Chapter 1: Introduction
1.2.6 Power Supply Units
PSU Canister
The s ubsystem i s equi pped with t wo ( 2) r edundant, hot-swappable,
350W PSU s, which are located at the enclosure’s r ear section. The
PSU is permanently mounted into a 2U canister especially designed
to c ontain both t he PSU and a c ooling module. I f the P SU is
removed, the cooling module is also removed.
As shown in the figure above, each PSU comes with a power socket
for power cord connection and an on/off power switch. A single LED
indicates the PSU status. When a PSU failure occurs, the L ED is lit
constantly red. A handle above the PSU enables you to safely
retrieve or install the PSU into the chassis.
A r etention s crew he lps s ecure t he P SU within t he module ba y. T o
remove t he P SU, t he r etention s crew m ust be r emoved f irst. After
you install a PSU, make sure the retention screw is firmly secured.
For detailed specifications of the p ower supply, please r efer t o
Appendix A.
.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
1.2.7 Cooling Modules
Cooling Modules
Two (2) cooling m odules ar e implemented. T he blowers within
operate at different fan speeds. When the system operates normally,
the c ooling f ans oper ate a t t he l ower s peed. I f a m ajor c omponent
fails or when one of the temperature thresholds is violated, the
blowers automatically raise its rotation speed.
1.3
System Monitoring
The subsystem comes with a number of different monitoring methods
that provide you with continual updates on the operating statuses of
the s ubsystem and individual components. The following monitoring
features are included:
1.3.1 I2C bus
The following system elements are interfaced to the RAID controller
over a non-user-serviceable I2C bus:
1-10

Power supplies and cooling modules

Module presence detection circuits

Temperature s ensors (for det ecting the t emperature on t he
backplane board and controller board)
Chapter 1: Introduction
1.3.2 LED Indicators
The f ollowing ac tive c omponents c ome w ith L EDs t o i ndicate t he
status of individual components. Please refer to Chapter 4 for more
information on system monitoring.
•
LCD keypad panel: three (3) status LEDs
•
Drive trays: two (2) LEDs on each tray
•
RAID controller:
-- six (6) system status-indicating LEDs
-- two (2) Ethernet management port status LEDs
-- two (2) LEDs per host port
-- one (1) LED specifically for the Restore Default functionality
﹡ Expansion l ink s tatus is indicated b y LEDs on t he expansion
enclosures.
•
Cooling modules: two (2) LED on each cooling module
•
PSUs: one (1) LED on each module
1.3.3 Audible Alarms
The s ystem c omes w ith a n aud ible a larm that i s t riggered when a
component fails or w hen t he pre-configured t emperature or v oltage
thresholds are exceeded. Whenever you hear an audible alarm, it is
imperative t hat you d etermine t he c ause a nd r ectify t he pr oblem
immediately.
Event notification messages indicate the completion configuration
tasks, s tatus of components, or fatal errors. Events are always
accompanied by two (2) or three (3) successive and prolonged
beeps.
WARNING!
When an au dible a larm i s hear d, s ystem adm inistrators s hould
rectify the cause of the alarm as soon as possible.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
1.4 Hot-swappable Components
1.4.1 Hot-swap Capabilities
The s ystem comes with a number of hot-swappable c omponents. A
hot-swap component is one that can be exchanged while the system
is s till o perating. T hese c omponents s hould o nly b e removed f rom
the c hassis when t hey are be ing r eplaced. At no o ther t ime s hould
these components be removed from the system.
1.4.2 Components
The following components are hot-swappable:

Power supply units (PSUs)

Cooling modules

Hard disk drives
1.4.3 Normalized Airflow
Proper cooling is referred to as “normalized” airflow. Normalized
airflow e nsures t he s ufficient c ooling within the s ystem and i s on ly
attained when a ll c omponents ar e pr operly installed. T herefore, a
failed c omponent s hould only b e r emoved when a replacement i s
available. If a failed component is removed but not replaced, airflow
will be disrupted and damage to the system can result.
1-12
Chapter 2
Hardware Installation
2.1 Introduction
This chapter provides detailed instructions on how to install the
system. I nstallation i nto a rack or c abinet s hould occur before the
hard drives or drive trays a re installed into the system. Please
confirm that you received all of the components listed on the included
Unpacking List before proceeding with the installation process.
CAUTION!
Carefully follow the installation instructions described in this manual
to pr event difficulties during in stallation and dam age t o your
subsystem.
2.2 Installation Prerequisites
1. Static-free installation environment: The Galaxy HDX4 system
must be i nstalled i n a s tatic-free en vironment t o m inimize the
possibility of electrostatic discharge (ESD) damage.
2. Component c heck: Before i nstalling t he Galaxy H DX4 system,
you should first check whether you have received all the required
components. If any items appear damaged, contact your vendor
for a replacement.
3. Hard drives: Up to twelve (12) SAS 6Gb/s or SATA 3Gb/s hard
drives have be en pr einstalled bas ed on
your r equested
requirements.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
NOTE:
Regarding SATA disk drives, currently only 3Gb/s SATA disk drives
are supported. Make sure you properly configure HDD configuration
(such as j umper s etting) before you i nstall har d dr ives i nto t he
system. S ome har d dr ives c ome w ith a def ault s peed s et t o
1.5Gb/s.
If using SATA hard disks that are defaulted to 1.5Gb/s, compatibility
issues may occur.
4. Cabling:
The Galaxy HDX4 model comes with the following cables:
1.
Two ( 2) p ower c ords f or c onnections t o t he power
sources. Cable type is determined by the shipped-to
area.
Other cables are user-supplied:
1.
Serial cable for connecting a terminal station.
2.
Ethernet cables to the Ethernet management port.
3.
Host link cables.
5. Mixing SAS and SATA drives in the same enclosure is allowed.
However, pl ease DO NOT mix SAS a nd SATA drives i n t he
same drive column.
6. DO NOT place a column of SATA disk drives between two
columns of S AS disk dr ives. With a hi gher r otation s peed, S AS
disk dr ives on t he f lanks of S ATA disk dr ives w ill ev entually
cause a stability issue.
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Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
Supported and Unsupported Mixed Drive Configurations
7. Memory m odules: If you wish to c hange the pre-installed 2GB
DDRII DIMM module, DIMM replacement procedures can be
found in Chapter 5.
8. CBM: If y ou w ish to i nstall the opt ional CBM, do i t bef ore y ou
power on t he s ystem. Please r efer t o C BM i nstallation
procedures at the end of this chapter.
9. Rack installation: The enclosure chassis can be installed into a
rack cabinet using separately purchased rackmount brackets, or
Infortrend’s IFT-9373CSLIDER36 brackets.
2.3 Safety Precautions
2.3.1 Precautions and Instructions
1. Static-free installation e nvironment: The enclosure must be
installed in a static-free environment to minimize the possibility of
electrostatic discharge (ESD) damage.
2. Component check: Before installing the enclosure, check to see
that you have received all the required components. If any items
appear damaged, contact your vendor for a replacement.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
3. Rack installation: The enclosure chassis can be installed into a
rack cabinet using separately purchased mounting rails, support
brackets, or Infortrend’s IFT-9373CSLIDER36 rackmount rails.
4. Disconnect the power cords if the need should arise for cleaning
the chassis. Do not use liquid or sprayed detergent for cleaning.
Use a lightly moistened clothe for cleaning.
5. Be s ure t he c orrect p ower r ange (100-120 to 220-240VAC) i s
supplied by the power source at your installation site. It is highly
recommended to connect two different power supplies to
separate power s ources; e. g., one t o a p ower o utlet, an d t he
other to a UPS system.
6. Thermal notice: All drive trays (even if they do not contain a hard
drive) must be installed into the enclosure. Leaving a drive bay or
module slot open will severely affect the airflow efficiency within
the enclosure, and will consequently lead to system overheating.
Keep a faulty module in place until you have a replacement unit
and you are ready to replace it.
7. Rack-mounting: The system is intended to be rack-mounted. The
following concerns should be heeded when mounting the
enclosure into a rack cabinet:
a. An enclosure without d isk dr ives c an weigh 17 kilograms.
Two (2) people are required to install or relocate the system.
Drives should be removed from the enclosure before moving
the system.
b. The system is designed to operate in an environment where
the ambient temperature around the chassis must not exceed
35°C.
c. The open ings o n t he e nclosure ar e f or ai r c irculation a nd
hence the ventilation openings should never be obstructed.
d. Proper grounding, o ver-current protection, and s tability
features should be provided with the rack cabinet into which
the system is mounted.
8. Operate the system in an environment with least humidity.
9. Place the system on a reliable surface when servicing individual
modules. A drop or fall can cause injury.
10. Make s ure t he voltage of t he p ower s ource i s within t he r ated
values before c onnecting t he s ystem t o t he po wer s ource. You
may also refer to Appendix A of this manual for technical details.
11. Airflow considerations: The system requires an airflow clearance
especially on the front and the rear sides. For proper ventilation,
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Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
a m inimum o f 2. 5cm i s r equired between t he f ront of t he
enclosure and rack cover; a minimum of 18 t o 20cm is required
on the rear side.
Airflow Direction
12. Do not c over t he c onvection ho les o n the controller f aceplate.
They provide passages for air circulation, and also a glimpse of
the 7-seg LED for debug purposes.
13. Handle the s ystem m odules b y the r etention s crews, ej ection
levers, or t he m odules’ metal f rames/faceplates onl y. A void
touching PCB boards and connector pins.
14. None of the covers or replaceable modules should be removed,
so as to m aintain c ompliance w ith s afety, em ission, or t hermal
requirements.
15. If t he s ystem i s goi ng t o be l eft un used f or a l ong t ime,
disconnect the system from mains to avoid damages by transient
over-voltage.
16. Never pour any liquid into ventilation openings; this could cause
fire or electrical shock.
17. Never open the system top cover. For safety reasons, only
qualified service personnel should access the interior of the
chassis.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
18. Always secure every enclosure module by its retaining screws or
make sure it is held in place by its latches or hand screws.
19. Always m ake s ure t he system has a s afe e lectrical earth
connection via p ower c ords t o t he po wer s ource s ockets at t he
installation site.
20. Be sure that the rack cabinet in which the system chassis is to be
installed pr ovides s ufficient ventilation c hannels and a irflow
circulation around the chassis.
21. Provide a s oft, c lean s urface to p lace your enc losure on before
working on i t. Servicing t he e nclosure on a r ough s urface m ay
damage the finish of the chassis.
22. If i t i s n ecessary t o t ransport t he s ystem, r epackage a ll disk
drives separately.
23. If one of t he f ollowing situations ar ises, g et t he enc losure
checked by service personnel:
a. Any of the power cords or plugs is damaged.
b. Liquid has penetrated into the system.
c.
The enclosure has been exposed to moisture.
d. The system does not work well or you cannot get it to work
according to this manual.
e. The system has dropped and been damaged.
f.
2.3.2
The system shows obvious signs of breakage.
Static-free Installation
Static electricity can damage the system’s electronic components. To
prevent E SD dam age to an y of t he c omponents, f ollow t hese
precautions before touching or handling them:
2-6

Discharge t he s tatic el ectricity ac cumulated in your bod y b y
wearing an anti-static wristband.

Use antistatic strap during handling. Connect the equipment
end of the strap to an unfinished chassis surface.

Avoid carpets, plastic, vinyl, and styrofoam in your work area.

If t he need s hould ar ise f or c arrying s ystem modules f rom
one place t o a nother, c arry t hem i n a s tatic s hielding
container.

Avoid contact between circuit boards and clothing.
Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
Handle all components by holding their edges or metal frames. Avoid
touching the exposed circuitry on PCB boards and connector pins.
2.4 General Installation Procedure
2.4.1 Installation Procedure Flowchart
A flowchart of t he i nstallation procedure is s hown below. A s you
complete eac h s tep, c heck of f t he “ Done” b ox o n t he r ight. Please
use this flowchart in conjunction with the instructions that follow.
Installation Flowchart
2.5 Unpacking the System
Compare the Unpacking List against the actual package contents to
confirm that all required materials have been received. Carefully
check t he i tems c ontained in each box bef ore pr oceeding with
installation.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
WARNING!
A det ailed u npacking l ist c an be f ound i n your pr oduct s hipping
package or product CD.
The package contents are shown below:
The package contents include:
1. Two power cords.
2. Screws for rack-mounting and securing disk drives.
3. A printed copy of the Quick Installation Guide.
4. A product ut ility C D c ontaining t he Installation a nd H ardware
Reference M anual (this doc ument), t he Operation M anual
(firmware), the Galaxy Array Manager and Galaxy Array
Manager User’s Manual, and other related documentation.
5. If ordered, rackmount rails will be included.
2-8
Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
6. If additional power cords or host links cables have been included
in a placed order, they will be shipped in the auxiliary box.
Preinstalled Components
The following components have been installed at the factory and do
not need to be installed:





1 - Backplane board
1 - DDRII DIMM module
2 - PSU modules
1 - LCD keypad panel
2 - Cooling fan modules
Components to be Installed
You must install the following components:





Rackmount rails (if purchased)
Cache backup module (optional)
RAID controller
Hard drives / Drive trays
Cables
2.6 Rack/Cabinet Installation
The system is designed to fit into a variety of 19-inch rack cabinets or
racks. Mak e sure you ha ve an ap propriate s ite l ocation a nd c ables
prepared with adequate lengths t o c onnect t o po wer s ource a nd
other devices.
When installing the system into a rack or cabinet it is advisable that
two (2) people assist in the mounting process.
Package Contents
The rackmount rail kit should include the following components:
Item
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
Description
Mounting bracket assembly, L-shape, left-side
Mounting bracket assembly, L-shape, right-side
Inner glide
Flange filler plate (fixed behind chassis ears)
Cross recess truss head screws M5 x 9.0mm
#6-32 x10mm flathead screws
#6-32 L6 flathead screws
M5 cage nuts
Quantity
1
1
2
2
8
4
6
4
NOTE:
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Screws for securing chassis to the front rack posts are provided in the
system’s accessory box. There are 4 M5 x35mm, 4 M6 x35mm, and 4 #1032 31.75mm screws.
Rackmount Rail Components
Installation Pre-requisites
•
One ( 1) medium-size a nd one ( 1) small-size cr oss-head
screwdrivers
•
One (1) medium-size flat-head screwdriver
•
Because t he R AID s ystem c an weigh 17 kilograms without har d
disk dr ives, two ( 2) people are r equired to r ack-mount t he
enclosure.
CAUTION!
The har d dr ives an d dr ive t rays s hould onl y b e i nstalled i nto t he
system af ter t he s ystem has been m ounted i nto a r ack cabinet. If
the h ard dr ives ar e installed f irst, t he s ystem w ill be t oo h eavy to
handle an d t he p ossible impact dur ing installation may da mage
your drives.
Rack-mounting Steps
Step 1.
2-10
Determine where in the rack the system is going to be
installed by referring to the rack post drawing below.
Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
CAUTION!
The mounting positions m ust be c arefully m easured so t hat r ails
can be mounted parallel to each other.
Step 2.
Use the figures below to measure the relative locations
of the cage nuts on the rack posts (if they do not have
threaded hol es). Attach t wo M5 c age nut s ( #08) o n
each of the front rack posts.
On Front Rack Posts:
Rack-mount & Cage Nut Positions on a Front Rack Post
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
On Rear Rack Posts:
Mounting Holes on a Rear Rack Post
Step 3.
Attach inner gl ides t o t he s ides of c hassis us ing t he
included screws.
When at taching t he inner glides, or ient t hem s o t hat
the slimmer part of the glides bends towards the center
of chassis. If installed i n a wrong or ientation, y ou w ill
not be able to install the chassis into the rack.
Inner Glide Orientation: Top View
Attaching an Inner Glide
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Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
Step 4.
Adjust t he l ength of t he r ail as sembly and m ake s ure
the be nd of t he L -shape r ail ( #01) f aces i nward.
Loosen t he f our s crews near t he en d of t he L -shape
bracket to adjust rail length. Fasten them when length
adjustment is done.
Adjust the Rail Length
Fitting the Rail into Rack
Step 5.
Position the front-end of a rail below the top cage nut.
Secure t he r ail t o t he f ront and r ear r ack pos ts eac h
using two M5 screws (#05). (See Component drawing
above). Do not insert the screws into the cage nuts as
cage nuts will be used to secure the enclosure later.
Step 6.
Attach t he f iller p lates ( #04) and be zel m ounting
brackets behind t he enclosure ear s using the f our #6 32 x 10mm flat head screws (#06).
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Securing a Filler Plate behind Chassis Ears
Step 7.
Place the e nclosures o nto t he r ails an d s lide t he
enclosure into the rack until its chassis ears flush with
the front rack posts. Two (2) people are required.
While pushing the chassis into the rack, make sure the
tips of the inner glides fit into the U-shape brackets on
the s lide r unners. A “ click” s ound will be heard when
the inner gl ides c atch t he spring latches on t he s lide
runners.
Step 8.
2-14
Fasten f our s crews pr ovided in your enclosure
accessory box (M5, M6, o r #10-32) t hrough h oles on
the forearm handles.
Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
Step 9.
Mount bezel over the face of the enclosure and secure
with thumb screws
Removing Chassis
If you need to remove a chassis from the rack:
Step 1.
Loosen bezel thumbscrews and remove bezel.
Step 2.
Remove the screws fastened through the chassis
ears. Pull t he c hassis ou t unt il it i s s topped b y t he
retention latches.
Use bot h ha nds to s upport t he weight of t he c hassis,
and t hen use your i ndex fingers t o press and p ull t he
release latches towards you.
Step 3.
Removing Chassis from Rack
Step 4.
When t he c hassis i s r eleased, s lowly pull the c hassis
from the rack. Another person should be helping you to
remove the chassis from the rack.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
2.7 Controller Installation
2.7.1
Installing a Controller Module
NOTE:
If you have a separately purchased CBM, install it before you install
the controllers. Please refer to the Installing CBM (Optional) section
in this chapter.
Step 1.
Wear an anti-static w rist st rap. When hand ling t he
controller, avoid touching circuit boards and connector
pins.
Step 2.
Remove controller from the controller box.
Step 3.
Align t he c ontroller m odule with the c ontroller m odule
bay, making sure that the levers are down. Gently slide
the controller module in.
Step 4.
Secure the connection. When the controller is
reaching t he e nd an d you feel t he c ontact r esistance,
use s lightly more force to mate the controller with
backplane connectors. When t he c ontroller i s almost
fully inserted, us e the ejection levers t o s ecure t he
controller. T he l evers help ens ure t hat the b ack-end
connectors are properly mated.
Using Ejection Levers to Secure Controller
2-16
Step 5.
Fasten th e retention sc rews. Once fully inserted,
secure the controller module to the chassis by
fastening t he r etention s crews t hrough t he holes
underneath the ejection lever.
Step 6.
Continue with installing cabling and other components.
Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
2.8 Hard Drive Installation
Hard Drive Installation Prerequisites
Hard dr ives have be en pr e-integrated i nto t he dr ive t rays for t he
HDX4 DS system. If a h ard dr ive has t o be r eplaced f ollow t his
procedure. Before installing hard drives, the following factors should
be considered:
Capacity (MB/GB): Use drives with the same capacity. RAID arrays
use a “
least-common-denominator” approach. The m aximum
capacity of each drive used in the array is the maximum capacity of
the smallest drive. Choose big drives with the same storage capacity.
Profile: The dr ive t rays accommodate 3.5-inch-wide x 1 -inch-high
hard drives.
Drive t ype: This m odel accommodates only c ertain 6Gb/s SAS o r
3Gb/s SATA hard drives. Please contact technical support or sales to
purchase replacement compatible disk drives.
WARNING!
1. Handle h ard dr ives with e xtreme c are. H ard dr ives are v ery
delicate. Dropping a drive against a hard surface (even from a
short distance) and hitting or touching the circuit board on the
drives with your tools may cause damage to the drives.
2. Observe all ESD prevention methods when installing drives.
3. Only use s crews s upplied with the dr ive c anisters. Lo nger
screws can damage the hard drives.
Drive Installation
Step 1.
Place th e h ard d rive into th e d rive t ray (as s hown
below), making sure that the interface connector is
facing t he o pen s ide of t he dr ive t ray, and t he label
side facing up.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Installing a Hard Drive
Step 2.
Adjust the drive’s location until the mounting holes in
the dr ive c anister ar e al igned with t hose on t he har d
drive.
Mounting Hole Locations
Step 3.
Secure the disk drive with four (4) of the supplied 6/32
flat-head screws.
Step 4.
Once the hard drives are installed into drive trays,
install all drive t rays into t he e nclosure. See de tailed
instructions in the following section.
2.9 Drive Tray Installation
Once t he har d dr ives have bee n secured within t he drive t rays, t he
drive trays can be installed into the system.
WARNING!
All dr ive t rays m ust be i nstalled into the enc losure ev en if t hey do
not c ontain a h ard dr ive. I f t here ar e empty drive ba ys, t he
ventilation airflow will be disrupted and the system will overheat.
Step 1.
2-18
Use a s mall-size, 1/ 8”, f lat-blade s crewdriver t o t urn
the rotary bezel lock to the unlocked position, i.e.,
the groove on its face is in a horizontal orientation.
Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
Front Bezel Rotary Lock
Step 2.
Open th e fr ont b ezel on th e d rive tr ay. Push t he
release but ton on the dr ive t ray. The f ront b ezel will
spring open.
Drive Tray Release Button
Step 3.
Align the drive tray with a drive bay. Gently slide it
in u ntil t he dr ive tray r eaches the end of the drive
bay. This should be done smoothly and gently.
Installing a Drive Tray
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Step 4.
Close th e fr ont b ezel. Make s ure the f ront b ezel is
closed pr operly t o e nsure t hat t he b ack-end
connector is pr operly m ated with t he c orresponding
connector on the backplane. If the front bezel can not
be closed properly, the connection between the hard
drive and backplane may come loose and mysterious
drive signals may result.
Step 5.
Lock the bezel into place by turning the rotary bezel
lock unt il the groove on its f ace i s poi nting d own
(vertical orientation).
Front Bezel Rotary Lock
Step 6.
Once the drive bays are populated and the system is
powered on, t he R AID c ontroller will a utomatically
spin up the hard drives and recognize their presence.
2.10 Installing CBM (Optional)
The CBM (Cache Backup Module) is an optional item for the singlecontroller Galaxy HDX4 system. If purchased, install the CBM on the
arrival of your s ystem before i nstalling the RAID c ontroller into t he
subsystem.
A C BM m odule c ontains a BBU ( Battery Backup U nit) and a FBM
(Flash Backup Module).
To install a CBM module (Skip steps 1-4 if installing CBM in a new
system):
Step 1.
1-1. If a system is powered on, stop host I/Os.
1-2. Use the “Shutdown Controller” command to flush
cached data.
1-3. Power down the system.
Step 2.
2-20
Remove RAID controller from the chassis by loosening
screws under the ejection levers.
Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
Step 3.
Press do wn on t he ej ection l evers. T he c ontroller will
be eased out from chassis.
Press Down on the Ejection Levers
Step 4.
Place c ontroller o n a c lean, s tatic-free s urface. H old
the c ontroller b y its m etal c anister. N ever t ouch t he
circuit board or connector pins.
Step 5.
5-1. Install BBU by orienting its protruding edge on one
end into the insertion slot, and lowering it into the
canister. T he or ientation i s s hown in t he below
figure. See #1 in the figure below.
5-2. Carefully orient the BBU so that the golden finger
connector on the BBU is properly aligned with that
on t he c harger board. T here ar e gu ide p ins on
BBU to help properly align the connectors. See #2
in the figure below.
5-3. Once the connectors are mated, fasten the captive
screw on the BBU t o s ecure t he installation. See
#3 in the figure below.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Installing CBM
Step 6.
The flash backup module installation is shown in #4
in the figure above.
6-1. I nstall t he f lash backup module by orienting an d
inserting i t at an approximately 15 degree ang le
into t he SSD s ocket. T he SSD s ocket i s located
on the charger board.
6-2. Make s ure t he S SD’s go lden f ingers ar e f ully
inserted. Press the SSD down. The retention clips
on the SSD socket will hold the module in place.
2-22
Step 7.
Install the RAID controller back into chassis. Insert the
controller slowly i nto t he m odule slot. When y ou feel
the contact resistance by your hands, use more force,
and t hen p ull bot h of t he ej ection l evers up wards t o
secure the controller into chassis.
Step 8.
Secure t he c ontroller by f astening the two (2) screws
you previously removed to the ejection levers.
Chapter 3
System Connections
This c hapter outlines s ome ge neral c onfiguration r ules you s hould follow
when c onfiguring a s torage s ystem and i ntroduces basic i nformation abou t
cabling and t opologies f or the iSCSI v ersion of t he G alaxy H DX4. Yo u can
refer t o t hese t opologies o r us e t hem as a gui de f or dev eloping your o wn
unique t opologies. A c omplete des cription of t he p ower on and p ower of f
procedures is also given in this chapter.
3.1 Connection Overview
3.1.1 Cabling
Following ar e t he requirements for the t ype of c ables us ed t o c onnect t he
system’s iSCSI host ports:
1.
Ethernet c ables ar e us er-supplied. Cat5e shielded STP t ype
network cables or bet ter p erformance t ypes ( important f or meeting
the requirements imposed by emission standards). A shielded STP,
twisted-pair cable is available as an accessory.
2.
Straight-through Ethernet cables with RJ-45 plugs.
3.
Use of cross-over cables can also be automatically detected and rerouted for a valid connection.
Connection:
1.
Directly t o i SCSI in itiators (software or har dware) or via Gigabit
Ethernet switches.
2.
To servers equipped with iSCSI HBA – preferably a hardware TOE
(TCP/IP O ffload E ngine) c ard, and t hen t o c lient s tations with a n
Ethernet NIC or iSCSI HBA.
3.
The system presents its logical volumes through SCSI-like IDs and
LUNs. T hese RAID v olumes t hen a ppear as iSCSI t argets through
the network.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
NOTE:
Even t hough i SCSI initiator s oftware is a c ost-effective way of bui lding an
iSCSI SAN, software initiator adds additional workload to the server CPU. It is
recommended to apply iSCSI HBAs that come with TCP/IP offload engines in
order to reduce overhead.
WARNING!
All cables must be handled with care. Make sure Ethernet cables do not run
parallel with power cords. To prevent interference within a rack system, the
cable routing path must be carefully planned and they must not be bent.
3.1.2 Network Topologies
The i SCSI h ost por ts c onnect t o E thernet n etwork dev ices an d i SCSI
initiators that c omply with t he I ETF i SCSI s tandard ( RFC 3720) . N etwork
connection of t he i SCSI por ts i s f lexible. T he us e of net work c onnecting
devices, s ubnet, N ame S ervers, or iSCSI m anagement s oftware c an v ary
from case t o c ase. I n the following s ections, c onfiguration d iagrams w ill be
provided t o i llustrate t he possible us es of t he HDX4 system i n an i SCSI
network.
Note that host NIC ports and the storage system’s iSCSI host ports must be
configured into the same subnet.
3.1.3 Points of Failure
The primary concern for configuring host-side topologies is to avoid points of
failure. It is therefore preferred that two HBA cards are installed on the host
side. Data flow and access management should therefore be implemented to
avoid ac cess c ontention. RitePath MPIO software c an b e implemented i n
order to access a RAID volume through an alternate data link in the event of
cabling failure.
3.2 Host Connection Topologies
Note the following with the configurations diagrammed below:
1. Use the Ethernet management port for management purposes, i.e.,
Web GUI or telnet console. This Ethernet management port is not used for
I/O transactions.
3-2
Chapter 3: System Connections
2. Configurations su ch a s subnet or V irtual L AN can separate iSCSI h ost
links, decrease overhead, and eliminate the impact of link failure.
3. Multiple ar rays or logical partitions c an be c reated a nd m ade available
separately through different IDs or LUN numbers on the host ports.
Usually, a RAID5 logical drive of eight (8) members often brings optimal
array p erformance. Y ou may attach expansion enclosures to ex pand
system capacity.
NOTE:
If you are using the Microsoft’s s oftware initiator, please des elect the
embedded MPIO function when installing t he s oftware, as the M PIO
selection creates conflicts with the Galaxy RitePath MPIO driver.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
3.2.1 Sample Topology – Single-controller with Fault-tolerant Paths
Component
Description
#
HDX4 RAID
system:
iSCSI R AID m anaged by a s ingle controller,
with 4 host ports
1
HBA or NIC
iSCSI initiators, preferably PCI-E TOE cards
4
GbE cables
GbE network cables
8
Software
RitePath t o m anage t he f ault-tolerant pat hs
with failover/failback and load balance
2
RAID
configuration
4 l ogical p artitions ( created from 2 l ogical
volumes)
2 Logi cal V olumes ( each c ontains a l ogical
drive)
2 Logical Drives
* E ach l ogical par tition a ppears on t wo
different ho st l inks for t he p urpose of f ault
tolerance. U se RitePath m ulti-pathing
software s o t hat y our op erating s ystem c an
identify al ternate pat hs t o the s ame l ogical
drive.
Sample Topology: Single-Controller with Fault-tolerant Paths
3-4
Chapter 3: System Connections
3.2.2 Sample Topology – Single-Controller with Trunks
Component
Description
#
HDX4 RAID
system:
iSCSI R AID m anaged by a single controller, w ith 4
host ports
1
HBA or NIC
iSCSI initiators, preferably PCI-E TOE cards
4
GbE cables
GbE network cables
8
Software
RitePath t o m anage the f ault-tolerant pat hs w ith
failover/failback and load balance
2
RAID
configuration
4 logical partitions (created from 2 logical volumes)
2 Logical Volumes (each contains a logical drive)
2 Logical Drives
* E ach l ogical par tition appears o n t wo di fferent h ost
links for the purpose of fault tolerance. Use RitePath
multi-pathing software so that your operating system
can identify alternate paths to the same logical drive.
Sample Topology: Single-Controller with Port Trunks
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
iSCSI Topology and Host LUN Mapping:
Configuration Details:
1. A l ogical dr ive c an b e as sociated with s everal SCSI I Ds o n s eparate
channels making it a RAID volume accessed through different data
paths. The default ID on every host channel is ID#0. More can be created
if the need arises.
2. You c an m anually i nclude or ex clude s pecific i SCSI i nitiators f rom t he
access list to your iSCSI arrays. A number of access conditioning factors
can be included: IQN, NetMask value, CHAP, and IP addresses can be
associated with a R AID a rray ( a l ogical dr ive). I n t his way, on ly the
authorized host adapters or NICs can access your arrays.
3. Subnet and Virtual LAN can be created to reduce overheads, to contain
broadcast, and provide access security. LAN configuration is beyond the
scope of this hardware manual.
4. Multiple arrays or multiple partitions can be created and made available
separately through di fferent I Ds or LUNs on t he h ost por ts. T he R AID
volumes appear as shared storage over the Ethernet network.
5. To ensure optimal performance, make sure you connect the iSCSI RAID
to a high speed Gigabit Ethernet network. It is recommended you share
the iSCSI storage over a dedicated Ethernet network instead of sharing it
on a clients’ network.
3-6
Chapter 3: System Connections
3.3 Expansion Links
Expansion enc losures, i.e., Rorke’s G alaxy HDX4 12 or 16 bay J BODs, ar e
connected with the subsystem through the SAS Expansion port. Please see
the f igure be low f or t he ph ysical c onnections of t he J BODs and t he
subsystem. For the connection between the RAID and the JBOD, you should
use an SFF-8088 t o SFF-8088 S AS c able. As t o t he c onnection between
JBODs, you should use SFF-8088 to SFF-8088 SAS cables.
Connecting JBODs to the System
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Enclosure ID Settings:
˙
The configurable IDs start from 1 to 6. Usually the numbering starts from
the one closest to the managing RAID enclosure.
˙
The subsystem can connect to a maximum of six (6) JBODs.
˙
Make s ure a un ique I D is c onfigured on each J BOD s o t hat t he S AS
WWN addresses of disk drives can be properly assigned. RAID system
firmware automatically manages these addresses.
Setting the Enclosure ID
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Chapter 3: System Connections
3.4 Connecting Other Interfaces
Connecting Serial Port and Ethernet Ports
Serial c able a nd LAN c able ar e user-supplied. U se an or dinary s traightthrough cable or a USB-to-DB9 converter cable. No null modem or pin-swap
is required.
Use a straight-through serial cable or a USB-to-DB9 converter cable.
The serial port’s defaults are:
Baud rate
38400
Data bit
8
Parity
none
Stop bit
1
Flow control
Hardware
Serial Port Defaults
For TCP/IP connection and firewall configuration with a management station
running Web GUI, pl ease r efer t o Web GUI’s User’s Man ual. I f your
environment has no DHCP server, a default IP, <192.168.1.129> can be used to
make an access for the first time.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
3.5 Connecting Power Cords
Use the included cable clamps to secure power cord connections.
Step 1.
Remove power cords and cable clamps from the accessory
boxes.
Step 2.
Combine cable straps with cable clamps.
Combining Cable Strap and Cable Clamp
Step 3.
Attach c able c lamps t o the power c ords b y opening a nd
enwrapping the plastic ring around the base of power cords.
Attaching Cable Clamps to Power Cords
Step 4.
3-10
Adjust the position of cable straps using the release t ab. A djust
the pos ition s o t hat when a po wer plug i s c onnected t o s ystem
power t he b arb anc hor c an be inserted i nto t he a nchor ho le
above the power socket.
Chapter 3: System Connections
Adjust Cable Strap Position
Step 5.
Connect po wer c ords t o s ystem pow er s upplies an d i nsert t he
barb anchor into the anchor holes below the power sockets.
Attaching Power Cords
3.6 Power On
Once all the components have been installed in the HDX4 DS system and the
iSCSI ports h ave b een c onnected t o t he network, power on t he network
devices, the system, and then power on the servers/iSCSI initiators.
Check List
BEFORE powering on the system, please check the following:

CBM (optional): Make sure the CBM has been installed correctly (if
CBM has been purchased).

Hard drives / Drive trays: All the drive trays have been installed into
the system.

Cable c onnections: The s ystem has been c orrectly c onnected t o
host computer(s), management computers, and JBODs.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual

Power c ords: The po wer cords have b een c onnected t o the P SUs
on the system and plugged into the power source.

Ambient te mperature: All t he s ystem c omponents hav e b een
acclimated to the surrounding temperature.
Power On Procedure
When powering on the HDX4 DS system, please follow these steps:
Step 1.
Power on expansion JBODs. If a multi-enclosure
configuration is applied, power on the expansion enclosures.
Step 2.
Power on the network connection devices.
These dev ices i nclude t he E thernet s witches, routers, a nd
any other s uch d evices t hat h ave b een c onnected t o t he
iSCSI H DX4 system. P lease r efer t o t he doc umentation t hat
came with your network devices for the power on procedures.
Step 3.
Power on the HDX4 DS system.
The system should only be powered on after all the network
connection devices have been powered on. Consult your
network administrators f or proper network c onfigurations. To
power o n t he s ubsystem, t urn o n t he t wo po wer s witches
located o n t he r ear panel of t he s ubsystem. E ach s witch
controls a single PSU, therefore make sure that both switches
are turned on.
Power Sockets and Power Switches
Step 4.
Power on the initiators.
The servers or iSCSI initiators should be the last devices that
are t urned on. P lease r efer t o t he documentation t hat c ame
with your application servers to see their own power on
procedures.
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Chapter 3: System Connections
CAUTION!
Although the PSUs are redundant and a single PSU can provide sufficient
power to t he s ystem, i t i s advised to t urn o n both p ower s upplies. I f o nly
one (1) PSU is operating and if that PSU fails, system downtime will occur.
Power On Status Check
Once t he s ystem has bee n po wered on, you s hould begi n v erifying s ystem
status via the following monitoring interfaces:
1. Controller LEDs: The C ontroller R eady, H ost Busy, an d D rive Busy
LEDs should all flash green during the initialization process.
2. Drive t ray L EDs: The blue status LEDs on all drive trays that contain a
hard drive s hould l ight up s howing t hat po wer is s upplied to t he d isk
drives.
3. LEDs on LCD keypad panel: The Power LED on the LCD panel should
light blue; the ATTEN LED should be flashing red during the initial stage
and turn off once the initialization is completed.
4. Host port L EDs: The Li nk LE D near the hos t ports should i lluminate
yellow, indicating successful connection has been established.
5. PSU L EDs: If t he P SU is oper ating normally a nd ex periencing n o
problem af ter bei ng powered on , t he L EDs o n t he P SU s hould l ight
green.
6. Firmware and Web GUI: Once t he s ystem has been successfully
initialized, you m ay examine d etails of t he o perating s tatuses us ing t he
firmware-embedded utility or the Web GUI software suite.
7. Audible al arm: If an y errors oc cur dur ing the i nitialization pr ocess, t he
onboard alarm will sound in a quickly repeated manner.
NOTE:
The Galaxy HDX4 DS system has bee n d esigned t o r un
continuously. Except f or t he c ontroller, many component f ailures
can be corrected online.
LCD Screen
When powering on the system, wait for the front panel LCD screen to show
“READY” or “No Host LUN” before you power up the application servers.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS / SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Model Name
G4R-12L-8I1
Ready
Status/Data Transfer Indicator
The LCD Startup Screen
The LCD screen startup sequence is shown and described in the sequence
below:
3-14
Initializing…
Please Wait...
This screen appears when the PSUs
are turned on.
Power On Self
Test, Please Wait
System is performing a self-test.
Power on
Init Completed..
The self-test has been completed.
G4R-12L-8I1
System is accessing various
interfaces.
G4R-12L-8I1
1GB RAM, Wait..
Verifying the installed cache memory.
G4R-12L-8I1
No Host LUN
System is ready. You can now start
host LUN mapping by using the
system’s firmware or Web GUI
software management suite.
G4R-12L-8I1
Ready
When host LUN mapping has been
completed, system is ready for I/Os.
Chapter 3: System Connections
Power Off Procedure
To power down the HDX4 DS system, please follow these steps:
CAUTION!
If you have RAID expansion storage attached to your Galaxy RAID, it
is very important that you power off the RAID first and then the
JBODs. Possible loss of data may occur if you power off the JBODs
first.
Secondly, you must power up the JBODs first, have them come ready
and then power up the RAIDs. Possible loss of data may occur if you
power up the RAID first.
NOTE:
If you wish to power down the system, please make sure that no
time-consuming processes, like a “logical drive parity” check or a
“background scrub,” are running.
Step 1.
Stop I/O access to the system.
Close your applications to stop all I/O accesses to the subsystem.
Please r efer t o t he d ocumentation that c ame w ith your
applications.
Step 2.
Flush the cache.
Locate the C_Dirty LED on the controller module to check if there
is s till c ached d ata in m emory. U se t he “Shutdown C ontroller”
firmware function to flush all cached data. This prepares the RAID
subsystem to be safely powered down.
Step 3.
Turn off the power.
Power of f t he s ubsystem us ing t he p ower s witch on eac h P SU.
Once t he s ubsystem i s pow ered d own, ot her de vices/enclosures
that are connected to the subsystem can be sequentially powered
down.
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This page is intentionally left blank.
3-16
Chapter 4
System Monitoring
4.1 Overview
The system is equipped with a variety of self-monitoring features that
help keep system managers aware of system operation statuses.
The monitoring features include:

Firmware: The R AID c ontroller i n the s ystem is managed by a
pre-installed f irmware, w hich i s ac cessed us ing a PC h yperterminal v ia the COM1 serial port. D evice s tatuses can be
obtained from the menu-driven configuration utility. Firmware
features are fully described in the Operation Manual that came
with your system.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual

Galaxy Array M anager: Galaxy A rray Man ager is a f ully
integrated, Java-based, G raphical U ser I nterface ( GUI) t hat
came with the system and can be used to monitor and maintain
the s ubsystem l ocally or remotely over T CP/IP net work. The
management s ession i s m ade us ing t he 1 0/100BaseT Ethernet
management por t. P lease refer to t he Galaxy Array M anager
User’s Manual for further details.
Use GAM’s Notification Manager to set up automated event
notification via Email, MSN, LAN broadcast, etc.
4-2

LEDs: LEDs ar e l ocated o n a ll m odules. T hese LEDs i ndicate
the i ntegrity of a gi ven c omponent or a hos t/management l ink.
You s hould become f amiliar w ith t he v arious L EDs and their
definitions.

Audible alarm: An audible alarm is present on the system
controller bo ard a nd will be t riggered i f an y of a number of
threatening events occurred.
Chapter 4: System Monitoring
4.2 Status-indicating LEDs
4.2.1
LED Overview
All FRUs (Field Replaceable Units) have status-indicating LEDs that
reflect the operational status and integrity.
NOTE:
The expansion link status is indicated by the LEDs on the JBOD
controllers.
4.2.2
LCD Keypad Panel
The LCD keypad consists of five ( 5) buttons, three ( 3) LE Ds, and a
16x2-character LC D s creen t hat pr ovides ac cess t o f irmwareembedded ut ility. Press t he ENT button f or t wo ( 2) s econds on t he
initial screen to enter the main menu. Press the ESC button t o s kip
the current event.
Function Keys:
Press the UP and DOWN arrow keys to select viewing items.
In t he bot tom r ow of t he main menu, “ View a nd Edit E vent
Logs,” the most recent event is displayed.
Browsing Events:
To s ee det ailed d escription of eac h e vent, use t he ar row
keys t o s elect an event, and pr ess and hold d own t he ENT
key until a short beep sound is heard, then use arrow keys to
browse through the description lines. If you tab the ENT key
lightly, system will prompt you to delete event. Press ESC to
return to the previous menu level.
Mute Button:
The MUTE button silences t he a larm t emporarily until t he
next event occurs.
The definitions of LEDs on the panel are given below.
LCD Keypad Panel
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Name
PWR
(Power)
BUSY
ATTEN
(Attention)
Color
Status
ON indicates t hat po wer is s upplied t o
the system, and system state is normal.
Blue
White
Red
OFF indicates t hat no power i s s upplied
to the system or the RAID controller has
failed.
FLASHING indicates that there is active
traffic on the host/drive channels.
OFF indicates that there is no activity on
the host/drive channels.
ON indicates that a component
failure/status event has occurred.
OFF indicates that the subsystem and all
its components are operating correctly.
LCD Panel LED Definitions
NOTE:
During t he po wer-on process, t he A TTEN LE D will l ight u p
steadily. Once the subsystem successfully boots up with no faults,
the ATTEN LED will turn off.
4.2.3
Drive Tray LEDs
Two ( 2) LE D i ndicators ar e l ocated on t he r ight s ide of eac h dr ive
tray. When notified by a drive failure message, you should check the
drive t ray i ndicators t o f ind t he c orrect l ocation of t he f ailed dr ive.
Replacing t he wrong dr ive c an lead t o f ailure of two members o f a
logical array (RAID 3/5) and thus destroy data in it.
Drive Tray LEDs
Name
Drive Busy
4-4
Color
Status
Blue
FLASHING indicates dat a i s being
Chapter 4: System Monitoring
written t o or r ead f rom t he dr ive.
The drive is busy.
OFF indicates that there is no
activity on the disk drive.
Power Status
Green/
Red
GREEN indicates that the drive bay
is po pulated a nd i s working
normally.
RED indicates that the disk drive
has failed, or a connection problem
occurred.
Drive Tray LED Definitions
4.2.4
LEDs on Controller Module
The LE Ds o n t he r ear-facing f aceplate of t he R AID c ontroller are
shown below. The definitions are shown below.
LEDs on Controller Module
4.2.5
Controller LEDs
See the table below for an overview of controller LED definitions.
Name
Ctlr Status
Color
Green/
Amber
Status
Green indicates t hat a
healthily.
RAID c ontroller i s operating
Amber indicates that a component failure has occurred,
or i nappropriate R AID configurations have c aused
system faults. It is also lit during the initialization process.
ON indicates the following:
C_Dirty
Amber
- Cache Memory is dirty.
- Data in flash backup module is being flushed to cache.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
- Errors occurred with cache memory (ECC errors).
- Data is b eing f lushed from flash bac kup m odule to
drive (when power is restored).
- Battery voltage is lower than 2.5V.
- Battery temperature reading is abnormal (out of the 0
to 45°C range).
- Battery is not present.
Blinking indicates that the system is writing cached data
to flash backup module during power outage. Once done,
LED is turned off.
OFF indicates that the c ache is clean, and that the
battery bac kup uni t is c apable of s ustaining m emory i n
case of power loss.
This signal is local to each controller.
Temp.
Amber
ON indicates t hat t he detected C PU/board/chassis
temperature has ex ceeded t he h igher t emperature
threshold.
OFF indicates t hat t he de tected temperature r eading i s
within the safe range.
Green steady on indicates t he C BM module i s r eady.
Both a BBU and flash backup module are present.
CBM Status
Green/
Amber
Amber steady o n indicates CBM f ailure, m eaning either
BBU or flash has failed.
Blinking means a BBU is being charged.
OFF means CBM is not installed in a single-controller “G”
model.
Hst Bsy
Green
Rapidly Blinking to indicate traffic on the host bus.
Drv Bsy
Green
Rapidly Blinking to indicate traffic on the drive
channels.
Controller LED Definitions
4.2.6
4-6
Restore Default LED
Chapter 4: System Monitoring
Restore Default Button & LED
Restore
Default
Green
Lit Green to indicate the RAID configuration default has
been successfully restored. The LED state will be
invalidated after a few seconds.
See below for how to use the push button.
Restore Default LED Definition
How to Use the Restore Default Button?
CAUTION!
The R estore D efault button s hould be c onsidered as a last-resort
function. Although r estoring f irmware def aults will not des troy the
existing l ogical dr ives, detailed c onfigurations s uch as v arious
parameters and host LUN mappings will be erased.
There is a non-latch type push button accessed through an opening
on the controller faceplate.
Why restoring defaults?
1. Some of t he latest f irmware up dates m ay be i ncompatible with
the f irmware c urrently r unning on your s ystem. These updat es
may require restoring firmware defaults before firmware upgrade
can actually take place.
2. Firmware has an em bedded 2GB t hreshold f or i nternal s ettings
such as t he s upported no. of l ogical dr ives. When you upgr ade
controller D IMM m odule, say, f rom 2GB to 4 GB, y ou nee d to
restore f irmware d efaults a fter you u pgrade your D IMM m odule
size to 4GB.
3. Another c ondition t hat requires r estoring defaults i s when a
system administrator forgets the password controlling the access
to a R AID s ystem. B efore pus hing t his but ton, a lso p ractice t he
steps l isted ab ove. You c an ac cess c onfiguration s creen and
manually record array information even without a password.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Listed below are the necessary procedures that should be
completed before using this button:
1. Stop host I/Os.
2. Before pr essing t his b utton t o r estore f irmware def aults, it is
highly advised to save you current configuration using the “Save
NVRAM” function in firmware utility or the Web GUI.
3. You m ay a lso m ake a l ist of t he ex isting I D/LUN m apping
information. You will n eed the l ist f or r estoring ID/LUN mapping
after restoring defaults. Default restoration will erase the ID/LUN
mapping associations (e.g., which logical drive is associated with
which host ID/LUN), and it will be necessary to restore the
previous s ettings using t he “ Restore N VRAM f rom D isks“ o r
“Restore NVRAM from Files” functions. Configurations such as
ID/LUN mapping will be restored after a system reset.
How to use the button?
After t he s ystem i s po wered do wn, you c an us e a s traighten paper
clip t o pr ess t he but ton. Press and h old t he but ton d own, po wer on
the system, and wait for the associated LED and the system Ready
LED to light up. T he “ Restore D ef.” L ED and the f irmware “ Default
Restored” event m essage w ill indicate a s uccessful r estoration of
firmware defaults.
4.2.7
GbE Host Port LEDs
Four (4) GbE host ports, which provide different connection speeds,
are located on t he c ontroller faceplate. S hielded Cat5e straightthrough E thernet c ables c an be us ed t o c onnect t he R J-45 ports to
the network. Two (2) LEDs located on each port indicate the Ethernet
connection s peed and l ink s tatus. S ee t he d iagram bel ow f or t he
locations of the two (2) LED indicators.
GbE Host Port LEDs
Name
Speed
4-8
Color
Green
Status
ON indicates currently connected with
GbE speed
Chapter 4: System Monitoring
OFF means connected with 10/100
speed.
ON indicates the port is linked.
Link Status
Yellow
BLINKING indicates active
transmission.
GbE Host Port LED Definitions
4.2.8
Ethernet Management Port LEDs
A shielded Ethernet cable is recommended for connecting the RJ-45
Ethernet management port to a local network after you configure an
IP address. T his enab les you to m anage your s ystem v ia LA N or
WAN. T wo ( 2) L EDs on t he Ethernet por t indicate c onnection
statuses. Refer to the table below for the LED definitions.
LAN Port LEDs
Name
Color
Link Status
Green
ON indicates the management port is
connected to a node or networking
device.
LAN Activity
Green
BLINKING indicates active transmission
Status
LAN Port LED Definitions
4.2.9
PSU LEDs
Each PSU comes with a LED (see the figure below) located near the
power switch. This LED indicates the operational status of the PSU.
Please refer to the PSU LED definitions shown in the table below.
PSU LED
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Color
Status
Intermittent
Flashing Green
The power supply has not been turned on. The
PSU L ED f lashes when t he s ubsystem i s
connected to a power source but not yet turned
on.
Static Green
The PSU is operating normally.
Static Red
The P SU has f ailed a nd is unab le t o provide
power to the subsystem.
PSU LED Definitions
4.2.10
Cooling Module LEDs
Each cooling module has two (2) red LEDs. Each LED corresponds
to an individual cooling fan (See the figure below). Please refer to the
cooling module LED definitions shown in the table below.
Cooling Module LEDs and Cooling Fan Locations
Color
Status
Static Red
OFF: The cooling fan operates normally.
ON: The cooling fan has failed.
Cooling Module LED Definitions
4-10
Chapter 4: System Monitoring
4.3 Audible Alarm
4.3.1
Overview
Different env ironmental and oper
ational pa rameters ( like
temperature, et c.) have be en as signed a r ange of v alues bet ween
which they can fluctuate. If either the upper or l ower thresholds are
exceeded, an audible alarm will be triggered. The alarm will also be
triggered when a component fails. If the system administrator is
onsite an d hears a n alarm, t he m anager m ust r ead the er ror
message on t he t erminal or Web GUI s creen t o determine what
has triggered the alarm. After determining what has occurred, a
system administrator must take appropriate actions to rectify the
problem.
The Alarm beep pattern is described in the Troubleshooting Guide
included in your product utility CD.
WARNING!
If an al arm i s t riggered i t is nec essary f or you t o determine t he
problem. I f t he aud ible alarm is i gnored an d t he pr oblem i s not
rectified, unexpected damage may occur.
4.3.2
Alarm Triggers
If an y of t he f ollowing c omponents f ails, t he au dible a larm will b e
triggered:
•
RAID controller
•
Cooling module
•
PSU
•
CBM
•
Hard disk drives
•
Sensors and presence detection circuits
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4.3.3
I2C
The operating statuses of PSU and cooling fan modules are collected
2
through an I C serial bus. If either of these modules fails, the failure
will be detected and you will be notified through the various methods
described above.
4-12
Chapter 5
System Maintenance
5.1. Overview
5.1.1 Maintenance
WARNING!
Do not remove a failed component from the system until you have
a replacement on hand. If you remove a failed component without
replacing it, t he i nternal airflow will be d isrupted and t he s ystem
will overheat.
CAUTION!
1. Do not insert a c ontroller module f rom ot her HDX4 DS or
HDX3 enclosures. A c ontroller f rom another enclosure m ay
have acquired a system serial number from system EEPROM,
and could have used the serial number to generate a unique
controller ID. As the result, you may encounter SAN problems
with identical port names on multiple systems.
2. Do not use a PSU or cooling module from HDX3 or HDX4 DS
series. T hey l ook s imilar. H owever, t hey m ay c ome w ith
cooling f ans with d ifferent r otation s peeds, an d m ay not be
sufficient for your HDX4 DS models.
All of the following components can be replaced in case of failure:
1. Controller module
2. Memory module
3. CBM module
4. PSU modules
5. Cooling fan modules
6. Hard disk drives
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
5.1.2 General Notes on Component Replacement

A RAID c ontroller is r eplaced when p owered d own. Other c omponent
modules, such as the PSU m odules and drive t rays, are hot-swappable
and can be replaced while the system is operating.

Qualified engineers who are familiar with the system should be the only
ones who make component replacements. If you are not familiar with the
system and/ or with R AID system maintenance in ge neral, it is s trongly
advised that you r efer s ystem maintenance to a s uitably qu alified
engineer.

When replacing any hot-swappable component, caution should be taken
to ens ure t hat t he c omponents ar e h andled i n an a ppropriate m anner.
Rough or improper handling of components c an lead to irreparable
damage.

When removing a RAID controller from a single-controller system, ensure
that your a pplications have be en properly c losed, users not ified of t he
downtime, all cached writes conducted, etc. Ensure that all precautionary
measures, without exception, are adhered to.
WARNING!
When inserting a removable module, DO N OT U SE EXCESSIVE
FORCE! Forcing or slamming a module can damage the
connector pins either o n t he m odule i tself or on t he bac kplane.
Gently p ush t he module u ntil i t r eaches t he end of m odule s lot.
Feel the contact resistance and use slightly more force to ensure
the m odule connectors are c orrectly mated. If the module comes
with ej ection levers or r etention s crews, use t hem t o s ecure t he
module.
5.2. Replacing a Controller Module
5.2.1 Overview
Two replaceable components are contained in a controller module:
5-2

DIMM Module: The D IMM m odule c an be r eplaced when a D IMM
module fails or if a larger capacity DIMM is required.

CBM (optional): As par t of t he C BM m odule, a BBU within is u sually
replaced e very three ( 3) years. I f a BBU has lost i ts
ability t o h old el ectric c harge, r eplace i t with a c ertified
module.
Chapter 5: System Maintenance
WARNING!
1. The B BU within the chassis i s not ho t-swappable. B BU i s c ontained in a
RAID c ontroller c anister. To r eplace a BBU, you m ust r emove a R AID
controller. It is recommended to remove the BBU before replacing a DIMM
module bec ause o nce a c ontroller i s removed from the chassis, B BU will
discharge t o s upport t he c ache m emory. I f you r eplace a D IMM m odule
with supplied voltage, damage may occur.
2. Replace a DIMM one (1) minute after the BBU is removed.
5.2.2 Notes on Controller Maintenance
 Re-using t he DIMM m odule r emoved f rom a f ailed c ontroller is no t
recommended unless you have a similar RAID system to test its integrity.
 When r eplacing t he c ontroller m odule, you m ust r emember t hat t he
controller board is one of the most sensitive components in the system. All
previously s tipulated s afety pr ecautions (see Chapter 2 ) m ust be s trictly
adhered to. Failure to adhere to these precautions can result in permanent
damage and timely delays.
5.2.3 Removing a Controller Module
To remove a controller module:
Step 1.
Prepare a clean, static-free work pad or container to place the
controller that will be removed from the chassis.
Step 2.
Make sure there is no access from host computers to the
system to avoid losing data. Stop all I/O access to the
system and make sure all cached writes have been distributed
to disk drives using firmware’s “Shutdown Controller” function
(if access to controller firmware is still possible).
This f unction is ac cessed f rom Main M enu -> System
Functions.
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Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Step 3.
Power off the system. Power off the system in the way
described in Chapter 3. Be sure to flush all cached data before
powering off the system. If it is not possible to do this turn o ff
both PSU modules and disconnect the power cords.
Step 4.
Disconnect all cables that ar e c onnected t o t he controller
module you wish to replace.
Step 5.
Loosen the retention screws from controller. Use a
medium-size Phillips s crewdriver t o r emove t he s crews
underneath e ach of t he ej ection l evers. K eep the s crews f or
later use.
Step 6.
Remove th e c ontroller module by pressing down t he t wo
ejection levers. The controller will be eased out of the module
bay. G ently p ull t he c ontroller m odule o ut of t he s ystem w ith
one hand underneath to support the weight of the module.
Removing a Controller Module
5.2.4 Replacing the Controller Module
If t he c ontroller m odule has f ailed, r eplace a f ailed c ontroller with a
replacement from your vendor:
5-4
Step 1.
Remove the failed controller.
Step 2.
Install a D IMM m odule o n th e r eplacement c ontroller, if i t
does n ot c ome w ith a D IMM. See t he s ection Replacing or
Upgrading Memory Modules in t his c hapter f or m ore
information.
Step 3.
Insert the controller module. Align the controller module with
the c ontroller m odule b ay, m aking s ure t hat t he levers ar e
down. Gently slide the module in.
Step 4.
Secure th e c onnection. When t he c ontroller i s r eaching t he
end and you feel the contact resistance, use slightly more force
to m ate t he c ontroller with bac kplane c onnectors. When t he
controller is almost fully inserted, pull the ejection levers up to
Chapter 5: System Maintenance
secure the controller. The levers help ensure that the back-end
connectors are properly mated.
Inserting a Controller Module
Step 5.
Fasten th e r etention s crews. Once fully inserted, secure the
controller module to the chassis by fastening retention screws
through the holes on the ejection levers.
Step 6.
Re-attach all the cables that you previously disconnected.
Step 7.
Power up the system.
Check for system message on the LCD screen, GUI manager,
or f irmware m enu-driven ut ility. When t he r eplacement
controller i s s uccessfully b rought online, i ts Controller s tatus
LED should light green on its faceplate.
5.3. Replacing or Upgrading Memory Modules
5.3.1 Installation Overview

The s ystem c omes w ith a pr e-installed 1G B (or ab ove) DDRII D IMM
module. The controller supports a memory module up to 4GB in size. If
you ne ed a l arger D DRII module or t he or iginal DIMM m odule
malfunctions i n s ome w ay, t he pr e-installed m odule c an be r eplaced.
Replacement and installation instructions are described below.

A DIMM socket is located on the controller main circuit board.
WARNING!
The c ontroller b oard i n t he c ontroller m odule i s a s ensitive item.
Please ensure that all anti-static precautions stipulated above are
strictly adhered to.
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5.3.2 Selecting the Memory Modules
Compatibility: To a void c ompatibility issues, i t is r ecommended t o c ontact
your s ystem v endor f or a c ompatible m odule. We provide t ested m odules
from reliable vendors with reliable chips.
5.3.3 DIMM Module Installation
Step 1.
Use of an ESD grounding strap is highly recommended.
Step 2.
Remove the controller module. (See pr evious s ection f or
details).
Step 3.
Remove the BBU module, i f i nstalled. Carefully p lace t he
module, for it contains Li-Ion batteries. Do not drop it onto the
floor or place it near any heat source.
Step 4.
Wait o ne (1) minute for the r emaining electricity on the main
board to disperse. Remove the faulty module from the DIMM
socket. To do this, push down the white module clips on either
side of t he D IMM s ocket. T he D IMM will be ej ected from t he
DIMM socket.
Removing a DIMM Module
5-6
Step 5.
Insert th e r eplacement module i nto th e DIMM s ocket.
Make s ure t he white c lips of t he D IMM s ocket ar e i n t he
open positions. Align the DIMM module with the DIMM
socket b y checking i ts “ keyed” pos ition. O nce aligned,
gently a nd f irmly pus h the DIMM module i nto t he socket.
The w hite c lips on t he sides of t he s ocket w ill c lose
automatically and secure the DIMM module into the socket.
Step 6.
Reinstall the BBU module. See the section Installing CBM
(Optional) in Chapter 2 for detailed descriptions of relevant
procedures.
Chapter 5: System Maintenance
Step 7.
Reinstall the controller module. After the DIMM module has
been properly installed, install the RAID controller.
5.4. Replacing a Faulty CBM
The C BM m odule c an s ustain a nd transfer c ached d ata to a f lash backup
module in the event of a power outage or in the unlikely event of both PSUs
failing.
A BBU consists of a metal bracket, battery cell pack, and a PCB board that
connects t o t he c harger b oard. BBU s upplies p ower dur ing da ta t ransition
from cache m emory t o f lash. P lease r ead t he BBU han dling precautions
below before handling BBUs.
5.4.1 BBU Fault Conditions:
A BBU failure can result from the following:
1.
A BBU has lost its ability to hold electrical charge. This may be the case
after the battery cells have been recharged for many times regardless of
how long the module has been used. Therefore, a stable power source is
important for system operation.
2.
The charger circuitry implemented with the controller has failed.
There are ot her conditions t hat might trigger BBU fault e vents and the B BU
fault LED:
1. The t emperature s ensor on t he s ystem’s c harger c ircuit r eports a
temperature r eading ex ceeding t he pr e-set t hreshold. T he c harger
circuits will enter a low-power and self-protection state.
2. A B BU m odule has been charged f or over t welve (12) hours. A timer is
embedded with t he c harger. When t his oc curs, t he c harger will enter a
timer fault state. This condition usually occurs with a brand new BBU or
with a totally discharged BBU. Charging will resume automatically if you
remove/re-install the BBU module or reset the system.
5.4.2 BBU Warnings and Precautions

Install or replace the BBU with BBUs supplied by your Galaxy HDX4 DS
vendors only. Use of battery cells provided otherwise will void your
warranty.

Always dispose of a replaced battery in an ecologically responsible
manner. Dispose of used BBUs at authorized battery disposal sites only.
5-7
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual

Do not place a BBU near a heat source. Heat can melt the insulation and
damage other safety features of battery cells, possibly causing acid leak
and result in flames or explosion.

Do not i mmerse t he B BU i n w ater nor a llow i t t o get wet. I ts pr otective
features can be damaged. Abnormal chemical reactions may occur,
possibly causing functional defects, acid leak, and other hazardous
results.

Do not disassemble or modify the BBU. If disassembled, the BBU could
leak acid, overheat, emit smoke, burst and/or ignite.

Do not pierce the BBU with a sharp object, strike it with a hammer, step
on i t, or t hrow it. T hese ac tions could damage or def orm it and internal
short-circuiting can occur, possibly causing functional defects, acid leak,
and other hazardous results.

If a BBU leaks, gives off a bad odor, generates heat, becomes discolored
or deformed, or in any way appears abnormal during use, recharging or
storage, immediately remove it from the system and stop using it. If this
is di scovered when you f irst us e t he B BU, r eturn it t o your s ystem
vendor.
5.4.3 Replacing a Faulty BBU
To replace a BBU, please follow these steps:
5-8
Step 1.
Remove controller as previously described.
Step 2.
Remove th e fa ulty B BU fr om th e c hassis. Loo sen t he
captive screw at the end of BBU module.
Step 3.
Install the replacement module by orienting its protruding edge
on one side into the insertion slot, and lowering it towards the
charger board. See #1 in the figure below.
Chapter 5: System Maintenance
Installing BBU into a Controller
Step 4.
Carefully a lign t he B BU c onnector w ith t hat on t he c harger
board. Put the BBU down t o mate the connectors. Guide pi ns
on the BBU will help ensure proper connection. See #2 in the
figure above.
Step 5.
Secure t he B BU b y f astening i ts cap tive scr ew. See #3 in
the figure above.
Step 6.
Re-install the controller, as previously described.
Step 7.
Power o n th e system. T he BBU L ED will s tart f lashing to
indicate that the BBU is being charged. When the BBU is fully
charged, the LED will be off.
NOTE:
1.
A r eplacement BBU t akes appr oximately t welve (12) hours to charge
to i ts f ull c apacity. R eset t he s ystem w henever a B BU i s r eplaced or
added in order for the replacement module to take effect.
2.
The life expectancy of a BBU is three (3) years. Follow the procedures
above to replace a used BBU i n order to maintain the f ault tolerance
feature.
3.
The chance of BBU charger failure is comparatively low. If the cause
of a f ailure c annot be d etermined e ven after a BBU m odule i s
replaced, contact your system vendor for a replacement controller and
return the controller through standard RMA procedure.
5-9
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
5.4.4 Replacing a Faulty Flash Backup Module
To replace a flash backup module, please follow these steps:
Step 1.
Remove controller as previously described.
Step 2.
Remove th e fa ulty fl ash backup m odule from th e c harger
board using t he i ndex f ingers f rom bot h ha nds t o pu ll t he
retention clips away from the flash backup module. If the flash
backup m odule does n ot eas ily disengage, use your f inger
nails to pick it up. Once released, the flash backup module will
pop up. You can then remove it from the socket.
Step 3.
Insert a replacement flash backup module into the socket at a
fifteen ( 15) degree ang le. W hen fully i nserted, press t he flash
backup module down until it is snapped by the retention clips.
Installing Flash Backup Module into a Controller
5.5. Replacing a Faulty PSU
5.5.1 Notes on PSU Module Maintenance
5-10

Redundant, l oad-sharing P SU m odules: The s ystem comes w ith t wo
fully redundant, hot-swappable PSU modules.

PSU can ister: E ach PSU module i s h oused i n a r obust s teel c anister,
with t he power s upply c onverter un it i n t he f ront a nd t wo j uxtaposed
cooling f ans i n t he r ear s ection. When t he P SU i s removed f rom t he
chassis, the cooling module is also removed.

Immediate r eplacement: When a PSU f ails, i t should i deally be
replaced i mmediately. D o not r emove t he P SU module un less a
replacement is readily available. Removing a PSU without a replacement
Chapter 5: System Maintenance
will c ause s evere di sruptions t o t he i nternal ai rflow and t he s ystem w ill
overheat, p ossibly c ausing i rreparable dam age to s ome of t he s ystem
components.
WARNING!
Although t he s ystem c an oper ate us ing a s ingle PSU m odule, i t i s not
advisable t o r un t he s ystem w ith a s ingle PSU m odule f or a n extended
period of time.
5.5.2 Replacing the PSU Module
To replace a PSU, please follow these steps:
Step 1.
Power off the PSU. T he po wer s witch i s located on e ach
PSU’s rear-facing panel.
Step 2.
Disconnect th e p ower c ord that c onnects t he P SU t o t he
power source.
Step 3.
Loosen th e r etention s crew that s ecures the e xtraction
handle t o t he c hassis us ing a P hillips s crewdriver. S ee be low
drawing for its location.
PSU Parts Identification
Step 4.
Remove the PSU module by p ulling t he ex traction han dle
down. T he ex traction handle s hould gr acefully d isconnect t he
PSU f rom t he b ackplane connectors. Once d islodged, g ently
pull the PSU module out of the system. If the system is
mounted in a rackmount rack, use another hand to support its
weight while removing the module.
5-11
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Removing the PSU Module
WARNING!
When a P SU i s r emoved f orm t he c hassis, t he c ooling m odule i s also
removed from the chassis. Hence the airflow provided by the cooling
module i s also di sabled. With an em pty m odule b ay, airflow will also be
disrupted. It is t herefore r ecommended t he r eplacement pr ocedure is
completed in l ess than f ive ( 5) m inutes t o prevent t he s ystem f rom
overheating.
Step 5.
Install the replacement module. Mak e s ure t he ex traction
handle is held at its lowest position so that the saddle notches
on the sides of the handle can snap onto the metal anchor pins
on the interior walls of the PSU slot. Push the PSU into
chassis, an d when you f eel the c ontact r esistance, pu ll t he
handle upwards to secure the module.
Securing PSU Using the Extraction Handle
5-12
Step 6.
Secure t he P SU t o t he system by f astening t he r etention
screw through the PSU extraction handle.
Step 7.
Replace the power cord that connects the PSU module to the
mains.
Step 8.
Power on the PSU module.
Chapter 5: System Maintenance
5.6.
Replacing a Faulty Cooling Module
5.6.1 Notes on Cooling Module Maintenance

Redundant c ooling m odules: T he s ystem i s equ ipped with four (4)
cooling blowers, two (2) within each cooling module. These cooling
modules c ontrol t he i nternal op erating t emperature and t herefore t heir
working integrity should be maintained at all times.

Detecting a fa iled cooling m odule: If a c ooling m odule f ails, s ystem
firmware and Web GUI manager w ill deliver w arning events. The
LEDs l ocated o n the r ear of t he enc losure will l ight r ed a nd a n a udible
alarm will be triggered.

Airflow Concern: Once you ar e no tified t hat a c ooling m odule has
failed, it should be replaced as soon as possible. A failed module should
only be removed from the system when you have a replacement module
immediately available.
5.6.2 Replacing a Cooling Module
If one of the cooling modules fails, it must be replaced as soon as possible.
To replace the cooling modules, follow the steps below:
WARNING!
The fan replacement process should be completed within five (5) minutes. If
the process takes too long, the accumulated heat can damage the system.
Step 1.
Snatch the retention latches towards the center, and then pull
the cooling module out of the chassis.
5-13
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Removing a Cooling Module
Step 2.
Install th e r eplacement m odule b y p ushing i t i nto th e
module bay. When fully inserted, the retention latches will hold
the module in place.
Step 3.
A firmware event will prompt shortly afterwards stating that the
cooling m odule i s b ack onl ine. T he LE Ds on t he r eplacement
module should not be lit when installed.
5.7. Replacing a Hard Drive
5.7.1 Hard Drive Maintenance Overview
•
Hot-swappable d rive t rays: The dr ive t rays ar e all hot -swappable. A
disk drive failure can be corrected online.
•
Handles: If a f aulty drive i s b ehind either t he l eft- or r ight-side f ront
handle, unfold the handles to open the front access to the drive trays.
CAUTION!
Failure t o r emove a he althy drive f rom t he s ystem af ter t he
front bezel has been opened can cause data errors.
•
Slow a nd careful r emoval: When removing a drive tray from the
system, pull the drive tray out only about one inch and then wait for
at l east 30 seconds fo r t he h ard d rive m otor to s pin d own b efore
taking i t o ut c ompletely. Any impact t o t he har d drive while t he dr ive
motor is spinning can damage the hard drive.
There ar e s ituations in which healthy drives c an be r emoved. I n
operations s uch as copying & replacing m ember dr ives with dr ives of
larger c apacity, you m ay ne ed t he r eplaced disk dr ives i n ot her
installations.
5-14
Chapter 5: System Maintenance
5.7.2 Replacing a Hard Drive
To replace a hard drive, please follow these steps:
WARNING!
Hard dr ives ar e f ragile; therefore, al ways handle t hem w ith
extreme care.

Do not drop the hard drive.

Always be s low, ge ntle, and c areful when handling a har d
drive.

Handle a hard drive only by the edges of its metal cover, and
avoid touching its circuits part and interface connectors.
Step 1.
Identify th e location o f th e d rive t ray that c ontains a har d
drive i ndicated as f aulty. Y ou m ay use f irmware ut ility or
Web GUI software t o l ocate a f aulty dr ive. T he d rive t ray
LED should also light red. The diagram below shows the
numbering of the hard disk drive slots.
Slot 1
Slot 2
Slot 3
Slot 4
Slot 5
Slot 6
Slot 7
Slot 8
Slot 9
Slot 10
Slot 11
Slot 12
Hard Drive Numbering
WARNING!
Removing the wrong drive can fatally destroy a logical drive.
Step 2.
Use a f latblade s crewdriver t o t urn the r otary b ezel l ock t o
the u nlocked p osition, i.e., t he gr oove on its f ace i s i n a
horizontal orientation.
Opening the Front Flap
Step 3.
Open th e tr ay b ezel by pushing the release button. The front
bezel will automatically swing open.
5-15
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Opening the Drive Tray Front Bezel
Step 4.
Remove the drive tray by pulling it one inch away from the
drive bay. Wait for at least 30 seconds for the disk drive to
spin d own, and then gently a nd c arefully withdraw the dr ive
tray from the chassis.
Step 5.
Remove th e fo ur (4 ) retention s crews that s ecure the h ard
drive from the sides of the drive tray (two on each side).
Loosening the Hard Drive Screws
Step 6.
Place the replacement drive into the drive tray, making sure
that the interface connector is facing the open side of the drive
tray, and the label side facing up.
Step 7.
Adjust t he d rive’s l ocation until t he m ounting h oles i n t he
drive canister are aligned with those on the hard drive.
Drive Mounting Hole Locations
5-16
Step 8.
Secure the disk drive with four (4) of the supplied 6/32 flat-head
screws.
Step 9.
Align th e d rive tr ay w ith a d rive b ay. Gently s lide it in until
the drive tray reach the end of drive bay. This should be done
smoothly and gently.
Chapter 5: System Maintenance
Installing a Drive Tray
Step 10.
Close th e fr ont b ezel. Make s ure t he f ront be zel is c losed
properly to ens ure t hat t he b ack-end c onnector i s properly
mated with the corresponding connector on the backplane. If
the f ront be zel c an not be closed properly, t he c onnection
between the hard drive and the system may come loose and
mysterious drive signals may result.
Step 11.
Lock the bezel into place by turning the bezel lock until the
groove on its face is pointing down (vertical orientation).
Step 12.
The Drive B usy L ED will l ight up after a f ew s econds
meaning the system is attempting access.
If the replaced drive belonged to a logical drive with fault
tolerance, e.g., RAID levels 1, 3, 5, or 6, a logical drive rebuild
process w ill a utomatically begi n. You s hould t hen verify t he
beginning of t he r ebuild pr ocess us ing Web GUI or a
terminal c onsole. A f irmware m essage, “ Rebuilding LD _,”
should also pop up on the LCD screen.
5-17
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
This page is intentionally left blank.
5-18
Appendix A
Specifications
A.1. Technical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Humidity
5 to 95% (non condensing – operating and non-operating)
Temperature
Operating: 0º to 35ºC (40ºC if BBU is removed)
Non-operating: -40º to 60ºC
Altitude
Operating: Sea level to 3660m (12,000 ft.)
Non-operating: Sea level to 12,192m (40,000 ft.)
Power Requirements
Input Voltage
100VAC @ 10A to 240VAC @ 5A with PFC (auto-switching)
Frequency
47 to 63Hz
Power
Consumption
530W
Dimensions
With Forearm Handles
(and PSU protrusions)
Without Forearm Handles
Height
89mm
88mm
Width
481mm
446mm
Depth
531mm
514mm
A-1
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Certifications
Safety
UL (60950-1 2’nd)
BSMI
CNS 14336: 2005
CB
IEC 60950-1, 2’nd Edition
GOST-R
EMC
GOST R 60950-1-2005
CE
EN
EN
EN
EN
55022: 2006/A1:2007
61000-3-2: 2006
61000-3-3: 1995/A1: 2001 /A2: 2005
55024: 1998/A1: 2001/A2: 2003
BSMI (CNS 13438)
FCC (FCC Part 15,subpart B )
Certificates
IEC 60068-2,
MIL-STD-810E/883E,
ISTA,
ASTM-D3332,
IPC-TM-650
IEC 61000-4-2:1995/A2:2000
IEC 61000-4-3:1995/A2:2006
IEC 61000-4-4:2004
IEC 61000-4-5:2005
IEC 61000-4-6:2003/A1:2004/A2:2006
IEC 61000-4-8:1993/A1:2000,
IEC 61000-4-11: 2004
IEC 61000-3-2, IEC61000-3-3
ISO7779/3744
RoHS
Microsoft WHQL-Windows Server 2003
Shock
Half-sine
Operating: 5G peak, 11ms duration
Non-operating: 15G, 11ms duration
Vibration
A-2
Operating
0.5oct/min, 5 to 500Hz, sinewave, 0.2G
Non-operating
0.5oct/min, 5 to 500Hz, sinewave, 1.0G
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Warning Alarms
•
Audible alarms
•
System LEDs
•
Web GUI management suite
•
LCD screen
•
•
RS-232C terminal
Event notifications sent over email, fax, LAN broadcast, SNMP traps, MSN
messenger, SMS short messages
A.2. Controller Specifications
A.2.1 Configuration
Specification
Host O/S
Compatibility
0, 1(0 + 1), 3, 5, 6, 10, 30, 50, 60, and non-RAID disk
spanning
Host O/S independent; also dependent on iSCSI offload
utilities and hardware
Host Interface
RJ-45 Gigabit Ethernet
Host Channels
4 pre-configured host channels per controller
Drive Interface
Supports up to 12 channels of 6Gb/s SAS or 3Gb/s SATA
Drive Channels
All drive channels are pre-configured and cannot be
changed
Cache Mode
Write-through, write-back, and adaptive write policy
Cache Memory
Pre-installed 1GB (or above) DDRII module with ECC,
registered; in one DIMM socket
Number of LUNs
Up to 32 per host ID; depends on DIMM size
RAID Levels
Multiple Target
IDs/Host Channel
Firmware on Flash
Memory
Yes
Yes
Drive Hot-swap
Yes; with transparent reset of non-responsive drives
Controller Hot-swap
capability
Yes
A-3
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
A.2.2 Architecture
Specification
CPU
PowerPC 800GL
Gigabit Ethernet Chip
Controllers
Intel 82580 x 1 (4 channels per controller)
DIMM Slot
For one 240-pin DDRII SDRAM module
ASIC
ASIC667 64-bit chipset
Flash ROM
64Mbit (8MB)
Hardware XOR
Yes
Real-time Clock
For event messages with time record and task scheduling
A.3. Power Supply Specifications
Specification
Nominal Power
530W with active PFC
DC Output
12.0V: 25A (Max.)
5.0V: 43A (Max.)
80 PLUS-certified delivering more than 80% energy
efficiency
Efficiency
Input Frequency
47 to 63Hz
AC Input
100VAC @ 10A to 240VAC @ 5A with PFC
Power Factor
Correction
Hold-up Time
Over-temperature
Protection
Cooling Fans
A-4
Yes
At least 20ms at 115/230VAC full load after a loss of
AC input
Auto shutdown when lost cooling or exceeded
ambient temperature; over-voltage protection is also
available.
No fans specific for PSU; heated air is drawn by the
cooling fan module fixed in the rear section of PSU.
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
A.4. RAID Management
Specification
•
•
•
Configuration
•
•
Performance
Monitoring
Remote Control and
Monitoring
Text-based firmware-embedded utility over RS-232C
through a DB-9 male to DB-9 female serial cable
LCD keypad panel
The Web GUI Manager program using the Ethernet
management port (10/100BaseT) or in-band
connection over host links.
Menu-driven, text-based firmware-embedded utility via
telnet
http session with Embedded Web GUI that resides
in controller flash
Yes
Yes using ethernet 192.168.1.129
Event Broadcast/Alert
Yes (via Web GUI sub-modules, the Notification
Manager utility, or the firmware-embedded browserbased Web GUI)
Hardware Connection
over Ethernet or RS-232C
Configuration on Disk
Failure Indicator
Configuration data stored on disks for logical drive
assemblies to exist after controller replacement; basic
settings, e.g., channel mode settings, are stored on
NVRAM. Applies to uses such as Drive Roaming.
Via audible alarm, system LEDs, LCD keypad panel,
Web GUI Manager session, event messages, or
terminal emulation screen
A.5. Fault Tolerance Management
Specification
Drive S.M.A.R.T. support
Yes, with user-configurable detect-only, cloneand-replace, and perpetual-clone options. The
S.M.A.R.T. feature depends on HDD
implementation.
CBM (Cache Backup Module)
Yes
Sensors and Module Presence
2
detection through an I C serial
bus.
Yes, reported to firmware. Events occurred in
JBODs are reported through SES commands via
the SAS data links back to the managing RAID
enclosure.
Automatic Drive Failure
Detection
Automatic Rebuild on Spare
Drives
Regenerate Logical Drive
Parity
Yes
Yes
Yes
Bad Block Reassignment
Yes
Automatic Rebuild upon Failed
Drive Replacement
Yes
A-5
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
Manual Clone of Suspected
Failed Drive
Concurrent Rebuild on Multiple
Drives in a RAID (0 + 1) or
RAID6 Logical Drive
Event-triggered operation
A-6
Yes
Yes
Firmware applies conservative write-through
operation in the event of module failures, and
raises fan rotation speed.
Appendix B
Pinouts
B.1 GbE Ethernet Port Pinouts (iSCSI Host Ports)
Automatic MDI/MDI-X Crossover: Crossover can be implemented
internally at hub or switch or externally through twisted pair media.
Pin
Pin Name
Color Match
1
BI_DA+
Orange
2
BI_DA-
Orange/white
3
BI_DB+
Green
4
BI_DC+
Blue/white
5
BI_DC-
Blue
6
BI_DB-
Green/white
7
BI_DD+
Brown
8
BI_DD-
Brown/white
GbE Ethernet Port Pinouts
B-1
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
B.2 Ethernet Management Port Pinouts
Ethernet Port Pinouts
Pin
Pin Name
Pin
Pin Name
1
LAN_TXP
5
N2
2
LAN_TXN
6
LAN_RXN
3
LAN_RXP
7
N1
4
N2
8
N1
Ethernet Port Pinout Definitions
B.3
DB-9 Serial Port
Serial Port
Pin
Pin Name
Description
1
DCD1
Data Carrier Detect
2
RXD1
Receive Data
3
TXD1
Transmit Data
4
DTR1
Data Terminal Ready
5
GND
Ground
6
DSR1
Data Set Ready
7
RTS1
Request to Send
8
CTS1
Clear to Send
9
RI1
Ringing indicator
Serial Port Pinout Definitions
B-2
Galaxy GHDX4 iSCSI<>SAS/SATA 12Bay Installation / Hardware Reference Manual
B.4 SAS Expansion Port Pinouts
The Mini SAS host ports comply with SFF-8088 specification.
Mini SAS SFF-8088 Connector
Pin
Description
Pin
Description
A1
GND
B1
GND
A2
RX0+
B2
TX0+
A3
RX0-
B3
TX0-
A4
GND
B4
GND
A5
RX1+
B5
TX1+
A6
RX1-
B6
TX1-
A7
GND
B7
GND
A8
RX2+
B8
TX2+
A9
RX2-
B9
TX2-
A10
GND
B10
GND
A11
RX3+
B11
TX3+
A12
RX3-
B12
TX3-
A13
GND
B13
GND
SAS Expansion Port Pinout Definitions
B.5 Power
IEC-type receptacle.
B-3
www.rorke.com
Rorke Data, An Avnet Company
7626 Golden Triangle Drive, Eden Prairie, MN 55344, USA
» Toll Free 1.800.328.8147 » Phone 1.952.829.0300 » Fax 1.952.829.0988
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